Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime, Problemia Energetici, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. Johnson deve scegliere tra ideologia green oppure autosufficienza energetica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-21.

2021-10-20__ Johnson 001

Nota.

Ad articolo finito, è comparso questo articolo:

Net zero announcement: UK sets out plans to cut greenhouse gas emissions

Non indica però con chiarezza quale comportamento terrà il Regno Unito sullo sfruttamento dei nuovi campo di gas naturale.

* * * * * * *

«Britain has pledged to hit net zero emissions by 2050»

«Energy firms say new output can be part of phased decline»

«Activists want halt to new exploration immediately»

«Supply crunch sent global oil, gas prices soaring»

«Britain faces a fossil fuel dilemma: it can burnish its green credentials by halting new oil and gas development in the North Sea, yet doing so will leave it more reliant on imported fuel»

«How Britain charts a course to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 will be under scrutiny when it hosts the COP26 climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland, starting on Oct. 31»

«Vorlich oilfield. Neither legislation nor activism halted the development»

«If supply goes away and demand doesn’t change, that only has one consequence and that is an escalation in price rises»

«The challenge caused by shrinking domestic production and rising fuel imports has been felt across Europe. The European wholesale gas price is up more than 350% this year»

«Britain, which could once depend on its own fields for oil and gas to fire up its power stations, fuel its cars and heat its homes, has been a net energy importer since 2005»

«→→ It is the world’s biggest offshore wind power producer – and is expanding this resource rapidly. But that doesn’t power homes on windless days ←←»

«The purity of the (IEA) report is excellent, but the reality in practice for countries is about ensuring security of supply»

«Making the most of indigenous resources helps meet UK demand and contain price growth, providing secure supplies»

«In one case, Greenpeace sought to have a BP gas field licence scrapped over its emissions via a Scottish court – although the action failed»

«In another case, it is seeking to halt development of the Cambo field off the Shetland Isles, a field part owned by Royal Dutch Shell»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è chiaro e semplice.

Il Regno Unito ha ancora nel Mare del Nord molti campi di natural gas lo sfruttamento dei quali concorrerebbe notevolmente a ridurre la bolletta energetica, garantendo nel contempo un costante approvvigionamento svincolato dagli accadimenti esterni.

Si starà a vedere se nel Regno Unito comanda il governo legalmente eletto do Mr Boris Johnson oppure Greenpeace e le varie ngo di contorno.

* * * * * * *


Britain’s fossil fuel dilemma in the spotlight as climate talks near.

– Britain has pledged to hit net zero emissions by 2050

– Energy firms say new output can be part of phased decline

– Activists want halt to new exploration immediately

– Supply crunch sent global oil, gas prices soaring

*

London, Oct 19 (Reuters) – Britain faces a fossil fuel dilemma: it can burnish its green credentials by halting new oil and gas development in the North Sea, yet doing so will leave it more reliant on imported fuel.

How Britain charts a course to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 will be under scrutiny when it hosts the COP26 climate conference in Glasgow, Scotland, starting on Oct. 31.

Navigating that route has already proved challenging.

In June 2019, when Britain enshrined its 2050 net zero target in law, Greenpeace activists steered speedboats towards a BP platform in the North Sea brandishing a “Climate Emergency” banner to try to stop production starting from Vorlich oilfield.

Neither legislation nor activism halted the development. Production from Vorlich started in November 2020.

Oil majors say new production can play a role in managing decline, while campaigners are pressing for an immediate halt to new projects with publicity stunts and legal action.

The government, meanwhile, needs to keep the nation’s lights on as it smoothes over volatile energy markets and juggles competing demands over how to achieve its climate goals.

“If supply goes away and demand doesn’t change, that only has one consequence and that is an escalation in price rises,” BP Chief Executive Bernard Looney said this month.

Britain and other European states have already felt this acutely. Brent crude , a benchmark based on North Sea barrels, is up more than 60% this year, while the price of UK benchmark wholesale gas has risen more than 250%.

The challenge caused by shrinking domestic production and rising fuel imports has been felt across Europe. The European wholesale gas price is up more than 350% this year.

Britain, which could once depend on its own fields for oil and gas to fire up its power stations, fuel its cars and heat its homes, has been a net energy importer since 2005 as output from the North Sea has dwindled.

With the capacity of its gas storage facilities now only enough to last the nation a few days, Britain’s reliance on just-in-time supplies shipped in from Qatar or elsewhere leave it exposed when the market tightens, like now with the surge in demand as economies recover from the COVID-19 pandemic.

                         PRESSURE TO ACT

For activists, the answer is not turning the taps back on but rather reducing domestic fossil fuel consumption.

“We’re calling on Boris Johnson to stop pushing through new oil and gas projects,” said Greenpeace activist Philip Evans, addressing the British prime minister who has been pressing other countries to deepen climate commitments before COP26.

“If the government is worried about keeping the lights on there are things they can be doing to reduce demand,” Evans said, including improvements to home insulation, cleaner public transport and more investment in renewable power generation.

Around 70 scientists and academics sent an open letter published in Britain’s Independent newspaper this week calling on Johnson to stop allowing investment and licensing for new oil and gas fields, saying that “now is the time for bold political action”.

Britain has made progress in some areas. It is the world’s biggest offshore wind power producer – and is expanding this resource rapidly. But that doesn’t power homes on windless days.

Yet, there is rising pressure to act faster to curb fossil fuel use. The International Energy Agency said in a report the world must halt new oil and gas projects to achieve the 2015 Paris climate summit targets that aim to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius by 2050 compared with pre-industrial levels.

“The purity of the (IEA) report is excellent, but the reality in practice for countries is about ensuring security of supply,” Anne-Marie Trevelyan told Reuters in June when she was still British minister of state for energy and clean growth.

Britain has not committed to ending North Sea exploration, taking a similar approach to Norway but not Denmark, another North Sea producer, which has halted new projects.

Britain has, however, been managing a decline, with production now half its 1999 peak at about 1 million barrels of oil equivalent per day (boepd), or about 1% of global oil demand.

                         SUPPLY SECURITY

Oil and Gas UK (OGUK), an industry association, has committed to making the North Sea an operationally net zero basin by 2050, which means it aims to eliminate, capture or offset any residual emissions from producing oil and gas there.

It said in September that domestic production was cheaper and cleaner than imported gas, given shipping fuel creates emissions and because some other producing nations have poor environmental records.

“Making the most of indigenous resources helps meet UK demand and contain price growth, providing secure supplies with a lower carbon footprint than imports offer,” OGUK said.

Britain’s Oil and Gas Authority said gas extracted from the British North Sea had an average emission intensity of 22 kg carbon dioxide equivalent per barrel of oil equivalent, while imported LNG had an average intensity of 59 kg.

Yet, Greenpeace and other activists say these arguments miss the point: using fossil fuels must stop rather than simply trying to make using them cleaner.

To push for swifter action, they have taken campaigning to the courts.

In one case, Greenpeace sought to have a BP gas field licence scrapped over its emissions via a Scottish court – although the action failed.

In another case, it is seeking to halt development of the Cambo field off the Shetland Isles, a field part owned by Royal Dutch Shell.

“We’ve delivered a 12-foot oil-stained statue of Boris Johnson right to the gates of Downing Street calling him out as a monumental climate failure,” said Greenpeace’s Evans. “They can expect to see a lot more of Greenpeace in the court room.”

Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale, Problemia Energetici, Regno Unito

North Sea Link. Un capolavoro ingegneristico che trasferisce corrente tra UK e Norvegia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-09.

2021-10-06__ Norvegia 000

«North Sea Link. The world’s longest subsea interconnector linking the UK and Norway.

North Sea Link is a 720 kilometre subsea interconnector linking the electricity systems of the UK and Norway.

The 1400 megawatt interconnector stretches from Blyth in the UK, across the North Sea, to Kvilldal in Norway.

By enabling the sharing of renewable energy between the two countries, North Sea Link delivers offers consumers at both ends access to cleaner and more secure energy.

Linking Nordic and British energy markets will bring a number of benefits, including:

– Providing opportunities for shared use of renewable energy – helping both countries to meet domestic and international renewable and climate change targets.

– Increasing the security of electricity supplies for both countries.

– Providing additional transmission capacity for electricity to be traded between both countries, supporting economic growth in Norway and the UK.» [North Sea Link]

* * * * * * *

«The world’s longest under-sea electricity cable, transferring green power between Norway and the UK, has begun operation»

«The 450-mile (725km) cable connects Blyth in Northumberland with the Norwegian village of Kvilldal»

«At full 1,400 megawatt capacity it will import enough hydro-power to supply 1.4 million homes»

«remarkable feat of engineering»

«It has four other power cables running to Belgium, France and the Netherlands»

«Hydropower in Norway and wind power in the UK are subject to weather conditions and fluctuations in demand»

«North Sea Link (NSL) is also a great example of two countries working together»

«power can be exported from the UK when wind generation is high and electricity demand low, or be imported from Norway when demand is high and wind generation low»

* * * * * * *

La North Sea Link è riuscita a risolvere molteplici problemi tecnici di ardua soluzione, che aprono la strada alle interconnessioni su lunghe distanze pur contenendo le dispersioni entro limiti accettabili ed economicamente remunerativi.

* * * * * * *


Full power ahead for UK to Norway under-sea power cable.

The world’s longest under-sea electricity cable, transferring green power between Norway and the UK, has begun operation.

The 450-mile (725km) cable connects Blyth in Northumberland with the Norwegian village of Kvilldal.

At full 1,400 megawatt capacity it will import enough hydro-power to supply 1.4 million homes, National Grid said.

National Grid Ventures president Cordi O’Hara said it was a “remarkable feat of engineering”.

He added: “We had to go through mountains, fjords and across the North Sea to make this happen.

“North Sea Link (NSL) is also a great example of two countries working together to maximise their renewable energy resources for mutual benefit.”

National Grid said the €1.6bn (£1.37bn) joint venture with Norwegian power operator Statnett would help the UK reduce carbon emissions by 23 million tonnes by 2030.

It has four other power cables running to Belgium, France and the Netherlands and said 90% of energy imported in this way would be from zero carbon sources by 2030.

Hydropower in Norway and wind power in the UK are subject to weather conditions and fluctuations in demand.

Using NSL, renewable power can be exported from the UK when wind generation is high and electricity demand low, or be imported from Norway when demand is high and wind generation low.

Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy minister Greg Hands said NSL enabled both countries to “benefit from the flexibility and energy security that interconnectors provide”.

He added: “This pioneering partnership shows first-hand how crucial international cooperation will be in helping us to deliver on our net zero ambitions.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. Passaporti temporanei per autotrasportatori stranieri.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-28.

Brueghel il Giovane. Pagamento delle Tasse. Fisher_Museum_of_Art

Il Regno Unito rilascerà passaporti temporanei per autotrasportatori stranieri.

Sarà tutto da vedere quanti autotrasportatori stranieri aderiranno a questa offerta.

* * * * * * *

«Up to 10,500 lorry drivers and poultry workers can receive temporary UK visas as the government seeks to limit disruption in the run-up to Christmas»

«The government confirmed that 5,000 fuel tanker and food lorry drivers will be eligible to work in the UK for three months»

«The scheme is also being extended to 5,500 poultry workers»

«But the British Chambers of Commerce said the measures were the equivalent of “throwing a thimble of water on a bonfire”»

«A shortage of lorry drivers has caused problems for a range of industries in recent months, from supermarkets to fast food chains»

«In recent days, some fuel deliveries have been affected, leading to lengthy queues at petrol stations»

«As well as allowing more foreign workers, other measures include using Ministry of Defence examiners to increase HGV (heavy goods vehicle) testing capacity, and sending nearly one million letters to drivers who hold an HGV licence, encouraging them back into the industry»

«→→ Logistics UK estimates that the UK is in need of about 90,000 HGV drivers – with existing shortages made worse by the pandemic, tax changes, Brexit, an ageing workforce, and low wages and poor working conditions ←←»

«→→ Mark Fels, director of the HGV Recruitment Centre, said many young people were “desperate” to get into the industry but couldn’t afford the thousands of pounds it costs to get a HGV license ←←»

«conditions for drivers also needed to improve, pointing out that facilities such as overnight lorry parks were much better on the continent»

«’Thimble of water on a bonfire’»

«It said supermarkets alone needed an additional 15,000 HGV drivers to operate at full capacity»

* * * * * * *

Le incongruenze ed irrazionalità del sistema economico occidentale stanno emergendo con forza.

Questo sistema è ingessato da una pletora di leggi e regolamenti che di fatto ne stanno bloccando il funzionamento, per non parlare poi di regimi impositivi che rendono il lavoro non redditizio.

I trasporti, e non solo quelli inglesi, sono un esempio lampante. Si assiste ad una carenza cronica di autotrasportatori, fatto questo che blocca tutta la distribuzione.

Oberati da una burocrazia paralizzante, costretti a fare vita randagia, sono per di più sottopagati.

In una società tutta presa ad esaltare il valore della tecnologia e dei lavori al top della filiera finanziaria, ricca di influencer televisivi fabbricati ad arte, l’umile e faticoso lavoro degli autotrasportatori è stato del tutto sottovalutato.

Tenendo conto delle tasse e dei balzelli, i 4,000 euro al mese di riducono ad un netto che a stento supera i 2,000: troppo poco per un simile lavoro.

*


Hauliers and poultry workers to get temporary visas.

Up to 10,500 lorry drivers and poultry workers can receive temporary UK visas as the government seeks to limit disruption in the run-up to Christmas.

The government confirmed that 5,000 fuel tanker and food lorry drivers will be eligible to work in the UK for three months, until Christmas Eve.

The scheme is also being extended to 5,500 poultry workers.

Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said it would “ensure preparations remain on track” for the festive season.

But the British Chambers of Commerce said the measures were the equivalent of “throwing a thimble of water on a bonfire”.

And the Road Haulage Association said the announcement “barely scratches the surface”, adding that only offering visas until Christmas Eve “will not be enough for companies or the drivers themselves to be attractive”.

However, the news was welcomed by freight industry group Logistics UK, which called the policy “a huge step forward in solving the disruption to supply chains”.

A shortage of lorry drivers has caused problems for a range of industries in recent months, from supermarkets to fast food chains.

In recent days, some fuel deliveries have been affected, leading to lengthy queues at petrol stations – despite ministers insisting the UK has plenty of fuel.

As well as allowing more foreign workers, other measures include using Ministry of Defence examiners to increase HGV (heavy goods vehicle) testing capacity, and sending nearly one million letters to drivers who hold an HGV licence, encouraging them back into the industry.

Officials said the loan of MoD examiners would help put on “thousands of extra tests” over the next 12 weeks.

Recruitment for additional short-term HGV drivers and poultry workers will begin in October.

Mr Shapps said: “We are acting now, but the industries must also play their part with working conditions continuing to improve and the deserved salary increases continuing to be maintained in order for companies to retain new drivers.”

Logistics UK estimates that the UK is in need of about 90,000 HGV drivers – with existing shortages made worse by the pandemic, tax changes, Brexit, an ageing workforce, and low wages and poor working conditions.

The British Poultry Council has previously warned it may not have the workforce to process as many turkeys as normal this Christmas because it has historically relied on EU labour – but after Brexit it is now more difficult and expensive to use non-UK workers.

The Department for Transport said it recognised that importing foreign labour “will not be the long-term solution” to the problem and that it wanted to see employers invest to build a “high-wage, high-skill economy”.

It said up to 4,000 people would soon be able to take advantage of training courses to become HGV drivers.

This includes free, short, intensive courses, funded by the Department for Education, to train up to 3,000 new HGV drivers.

These new “skills bootcamps” will train drivers to be road ready and gain a Cat C or Cat C&E license, helping to tackle the current HGV driver shortage.

The remaining 1,000 drivers will be trained through courses accessed locally and funded by the government’s adult education budget, the DfT said.

Mark Fels, director of the HGV Recruitment Centre, said many young people were “desperate” to get into the industry but couldn’t afford the thousands of pounds it costs to get a HGV license.

He called for the government to recognise the industry as a “vocation” and offer student loans to help fund training.

Sue Terpilowski, from the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport, said conditions for drivers also needed to improve, pointing out that facilities such as overnight lorry parks were much better on the continent.

                         ‘Thimble of water on a bonfire’

Industry groups the Food and Drink Federation and Logistics UK both welcomed the visa changes, with federation chief Ian Wright calling the measures “pragmatic”.

But the British Retail Consortium said the number of visas being offered would “do little to alleviate the current shortfall”.

It said supermarkets alone needed an additional 15,000 HGV drivers to operate at full capacity ahead of Christmas.

British Chambers of Commerce president Baroness McGregor-Smith said the changes were the “equivalent of throwing a thimble of water on a bonfire”, as it would “not be enough to address the scale of the problem”.

Labour’s shadow foreign secretary Lisa Nandy said the changes were needed but described them as “a sticking plaster at the eleventh hour”.

“Once again the government has been caught asleep at the wheel when they should have been planning for months for this scenario,” she told the BBC.

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. I prezzi della anidride carbonica salgono del 500%. Impatto generalizzato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-27.

CO2 001

La anidride carbonica (CO2) è materia prima nella filiera alimentare, in quella dei fertilizzanti, e negli allevamenti di pollame e maiali. Serve, per esempio, per gasificare acqua e birra, oppure quale anestetico prima della macelleria di pollame e suini.

Il Governo inglese ha avvisato gli utilizzatori industriali che vi saranno aumenti dei prezzi del 500%, a seguito della impennata del costo anno su anno del gas naturale, un po’ più del 250%.

Il Governo inglese ha anche provveduto a finanziare le industrie produttrici, che avevano cessato la produzione a causa delle elevate perdite.

* * * * * * *

«CO2 prices will rise sharply, minister says»

«UK pays fertiliser maker CF to reopen plants»

«Poultry plants would have closed, Britain says»

«Britain warned its food producers to prepare for a 500% rise in carbon dioxide prices on Wednesday after extending emergency state support to avert a shortage of poultry and meat triggered by soaring costs of wholesale natural gas»

«Natural gas prices have spiked this year as economies reopened from COVID-19 lockdowns and high demand for liquefied natural gas in Asia pushed down supplies to Europe, sending shockwaves through industries reliant on natural gas»

«Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a by-product of the fertilizer industry where natural gas is the biggest input cost»

«This has forced some plants to shut in recent weeks, leading to a shortage of the gas used to put the fizz into beer and sodas and stun poultry and pigs before slaughter»

«Britain struck a deal with U.S. company CF Industries to restart production at two plants which were shut because they had become unprofitable»

«the food industry knows there’s going to be a sharp rise in the cost»

«which highlights the severity of the distortions that the spike in European natural gas prices have wrought»

«Yara, the world’s largest trader of ammonia, is bringing supplies to Europe from facilities in Trinidad, the United States and Australia to support fertilizer capacity after wholesale gas prices surged»

* * * * * * *

Come si constata, i vertiginosi aumenti dei wholesale gas prices stanno iniziando a svolgere il loro effetto inflattivo, e non si vede fine a questa inflazione.

* * * * * * *


Britain tells its food industry to prepare for CO2 price shock.

– CO2 prices will rise sharply, minister says

– UK pays fertiliser maker CF to reopen plants

– Poultry plants would have closed, Britain says

*

London, Sept 22 (Reuters) – Britain warned its food producers to prepare for a 500% rise in carbon dioxide prices on Wednesday after extending emergency state support to avert a shortage of poultry and meat triggered by soaring costs of wholesale natural gas.

Natural gas prices have spiked this year as economies reopened from COVID-19 lockdowns and high demand for liquefied natural gas in Asia pushed down supplies to Europe, sending shockwaves through industries reliant on natural gas.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a by-product of the fertilizer industry where natural gas is the biggest input cost.

This has forced some plants to shut in recent weeks, leading to a shortage of the gas used to put the fizz into beer and sodas and stun poultry and pigs before slaughter.

As CO2 stocks dwindled, Britain struck a deal with U.S. company CF Industries to restart production at two plants which were shut because they had become unprofitable.

“We need the market to adjust, the food industry knows there’s going to be a sharp rise in the cost of carbon dioxide,” Environment Secretary George Eustice told Sky News.

It would have to accept that the price of CO2 would rise sharply, to around 1,000 pounds ($1,365) a tonne from 200 pounds a tonne, Eustice said, adding: “So a big, sharp rise.”

The three-week support for CF, which supplies some 60% of Britain’s CO2, would cost “many millions, possibly tens of millions but it’s to underpin some of those fixed costs,” Eustice said.

The government gave few details about the deal to take on some of the fixed costs of CF, which based in the Chicago suburb of Deerfield, which highlights the severity of the distortions that the spike in European natural gas prices have wrought.

It was not immediately clear how the state intervention by one of Europe’s most traditionally laissez-faire governments would affect the price of fertilizer – another key cost for food producers – and whether or not it would stoke demands from other energy-heavy industries for similar state support.

                         FOOD CRUNCH?

British ministers including Prime Minister Boris Johnson have repeatedly brushed aside suggestions there could be a shortage of traditional Christmas fare such as roast turkey, though some suppliers have warned of one.

Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng, who also serves as energy minister, has said there would be no return to the 1970s when Britain was plagued by power cuts that made the economy the ‘sick man of Europe’, with three-day working weeks and people unable to heat their homes.

But Eustice said some of Britain’s meat and poultry processors would have run out of CO2 within days.

“We know that if we did not act, then by this weekend or certainly by the early part of next week, some of the poultry processing plants would need to close,” he added.

“And then we would have animal welfare issues, because you’d have lots of chickens on farms that couldn’t be slaughtered on time, and would have to be probably euthanized on farms, we’d have a similar situation with pigs.”

He said the impact on food prices would be negligible.

Yara, the world’s largest trader of ammonia, is bringing supplies to Europe from facilities in Trinidad, the United States and Australia to support fertilizer capacity after wholesale gas prices surged, its CEO said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. Covid-19. Il Governo riporta 2,542 morti, dei quali solo 722 non vaccinati.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-24.

2021-09-23__ GB Vaccino 001

Il Public Health England, Organo del Governo del Regno Unito, ha pubblicato il Report:

SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern and variants under investigation in England: technical briefing 23

dal quale estraiamo le Tabelle allegate.

2021-09-23__ GB Vaccino 002

Di particolare interesse è la Tabella 5. “Table 5. Attendance to emergency care and deaths of sequenced and genotyped Delta cases in England by vaccination status (1 February 2021 to 12 September 2021)”, che riporta i dati relativi al periodo 1° Febbraio 2021 fino al 12 settembre 2021.

– Dei 12,407 pazienti ricoverati, 6,104 erano stati vaccinati, 6,303 non erano stati vaccinati.

– Dei 2,542 morti, 1,820 (71.6%) erano stati vaccinati, 722 (28.4%) erano non vaccinati.

* * * * * * *

Si deve concludere che il vaccino non protegge dalla infezione e che nei soggetti vaccinati il tasso di mortalità è ben più elevato (71.6%) di quello nei soggetti non vaccinati (28.4%).

Questi dati ufficiali del Public Health England non ammettono né repliche né discussioni.

Notiamo soltanto come i media occidentali, FB compresa, riportino dati inventati di sana pianta.

In simpatica compagnia di molti governi liberal, adoratori del dio vaccino.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Regno Unito, Stati Uniti

Aukus. Gli (ex) alleati in rivolta. Ma Australia e Regno Unito si fidano di Biden.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-20.

2021-09-19__ Sottomarini atomici 001

Con il trattato Aukus Regno Unito e Stati Uniti doteranno l’Australia di sei sottomarini atomici.

L’annuncio è stato dato senza nessuna preventiva consultazione con quelli che fino a ieri erano stati considerati essere degli alleati, che hanno reagito inveleniti di essere stati scaricati come stracci vecchi.

Ma il fatto davvero stupefacente è che sia il Regno Unito sia l’Australia si fidino della parola data dagli Stati Uniti. Della parola data da Joe Biden,

Ma come adesso gli Stati Uniti hanno escluso gli ex alleati financo da una consultazione, sembrerebbe verosimile che un domani si comportino in egual modo con Regno Unito e con l’Australia.

Nessuno può dimenticare la débâcle di Joe Biden in Afghanistan e quello che ne è seguito.

Nota.

Usualmente un sottomarino nucleare porta sedici missili balistici, ciascuno dei quali è armato con dieci testate atomiche indipendenti: teoricamente potrebbe distruggere centosessanta obiettivi nemici. Si dia per scontato che la metà sia bloccata in quota dalla difesa aerea avversaria, restano pur sempre settantacinque testate messe a segno.

* * * * * * *

«The US and UK are facing growing international criticism over a new security pact signed with Australia»

«The deal – seen as an effort to counter China – will see the US and UK give Australia the technology to build nuclear-powered submarines»

«But the move angered France, which said it had been “stabbed in the back”, while China accused the three powers of having a “Cold War mentality”»

«And the pact has raised fears that it could provoke China into a war»

«The alliance, known as Aukus, was announced by US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his Australian counterpart Scott Morrison on Wednesday»

«Mr Johnson later told MPs that the agreement was “not intended to be adversarial” to China»

«the deal could lead to Britain being dragged into war with China»

«Meanwhile Washington has sought to quell anger in Paris at the pact, which has scuppered a multibillion-dollar submarine deal France had signed with Australia»

«France’s Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called the announcement a “stab in the back”. He called it a “brutal, unilateral and unpredictable decision”»

«The US knew that this contract and this strategic contract were essential French national interests, and the US didn’t care»

«The pact, which will also see the allies share cyber capabilities, artificial intelligence and other undersea technologies, was described as showing “profound strategic shifts”»

«China, meanwhile, has accused the allies of having a “Cold War mentality” that would hurt their own interests»

«The Chinese state-run Global Times warned of an arms race for nuclear submarines, adding that Australian soldiers were likely to be the “first to die” in a Chinese “counterattack”»

* * * * * * *

Ma adesso, come poi se ce ne fosse stato bisogno, nessuno ‘alleato’ degli Stati Uniti si potrà sentire tutelato.

Arabia Saudita. Biden ritira i missili Patriot, lasciandola indifesa. È inaffidabile.

E l’Arabia Saudita è solo l’ultima della lista ad essere stata pugnalata alle spalle.

*


Aukus: US and UK face backlash over Australia defence deal

The US and UK are facing growing international criticism over a new security pact signed with Australia.

The deal – seen as an effort to counter China – will see the US and UK give Australia the technology to build nuclear-powered submarines.

But the move angered France, which said it had been “stabbed in the back”, while China accused the three powers of having a “Cold War mentality”.

And the pact has raised fears that it could provoke China into a war.

The alliance, known as Aukus, was announced by US President Joe Biden, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his Australian counterpart Scott Morrison on Wednesday.

While they did not mention China, Aukus is being widely viewed as an effort to counter Beijing’s influence in the contested South China Sea.

Mr Johnson later told MPs that the agreement was “not intended to be adversarial” to China.

But the prime minister was questioned by his predecessor, Theresa May, about whether the deal could lead to Britain being dragged into war with China.

She asked the prime minister about the “implications” of the partnership in the event of a Chinese invasion of Taiwan.

Mr Johnson replied: “The United Kingdom remains determined to defend international law and that is the strong advice we would give to our friends across the world, and the strong advice that we would give to the government in Beijing.”

Democratic Taiwan sees itself as a sovereign state, but Beijing has increased pressure on the island which it views as a breakaway province.

                         ‘A very low moment’

Meanwhile Washington has sought to quell anger in Paris at the pact, which has scuppered a multibillion-dollar submarine deal France had signed with Australia.

France’s Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian called the announcement a “stab in the back”.

He called it a “brutal, unilateral and unpredictable decision” that reminded him of former US President Donald Trump.

French diplomats in Washington cancelled a gala to celebrate ties between the US and France in retaliation.

“It’s a very low moment,” France’s former ambassador to the US, Gérard Araud, told the BBC’s World Tonight programme. “The US knew that this contract and this strategic contract were essential French national interests, and the US didn’t care.”

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken called France “a vital partner” and said Washington would still work “incredibly closely” with Paris.

White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki shrugged off the French criticisms.

“There are a range of partnerships that include the French and some partnerships that don’t, and they have partnerships with other countries that don’t include us,” she said. “That is part of how global diplomacy works.”

                         ‘Profound strategic shift’

The pact, which will also see the allies share cyber capabilities, artificial intelligence and other undersea technologies, was described as showing “profound strategic shifts” by the UK’s national security adviser Stephen Lovegrove.

It means Australia will become just the seventh nation in the world to operate nuclear-powered submarines.

Mr Lovegrove said the pact was “perhaps the most significant capability collaboration in the world anywhere in the past six decades”.

China, meanwhile, has accused the allies of having a “Cold War mentality” that would hurt their own interests.

The Chinese state-run Global Times warned of an arms race for nuclear submarines, adding that Australian soldiers were likely to be the “first to die” in a Chinese “counterattack”.

And on Friday, China’s President Xi Jinping said foreign powers should not be allowed to interfere in the country’s affairs.

“The future of our country’s development and progress should lie firmly in our own hands,” he said, according to state media.

But Australia’s defence minister, Peter Dutton, brushed aside Beijing’s reaction.

The year when Australia and China hit ‘lowest ebb’

“This is not the first time that we’ve seen different outbursts from China in terms of Australia’s position,” he said.

“We are a proud democracy in our region. We stand with our neighbours in the Indo-Pacific to ensure enduring peace, and this collaboration makes it a safer region. That’s the reality and no amount of propaganda can dismiss the facts.”

Meanwhile, China applied to join a key Asia-Pacific trade pact on Thursday as it attempts to strengthen its position in the region.

The country’s foreign ministry, however, denied that the move to join the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) was a response to the UK-US-Australia pact.

Joining the CPTPP, which was signed in 2018 by 11 countries including Australia and Japan, would mark a significant boost to China’s trading power.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Diplomazia, Regno Unito, Stati Uniti

USA, Gran Britannia ed Australia. Accordo per dotarla di sottomarini atomici. Ira di Europa e Cina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-17.

Biden 001

Usando il consueto tatto diplomatico, Stati Uniti, Gran Bretagna ed Australia hanno sottoscritto un trattato per dotare questa ultima di sottomarini atomici. Verosimilmente, clausole riservate consentiranno l’imbarco di missili dotati di testate atomiche multiple americane.

Questo è un notevole salto qualitativo.

Se è vero che i sottomarini atomici siano un ottimo deterrente, sarebbe altrettanto vero ricordare come siano armi offensive.

La reazione cinese è stata immediata e severissima.

Ma la Francia, che vede svanire una commessa miliardaria, sta grondando rabbia impotente da tutti i pori. Macron è una irrilevante nullità.

Similmente, l’Unione Europea è furibonda di non essere nemmeno stata avvisata: hanno saputo il fatto dai giornali.

Questo è il suggello del continuo sgretolamento dell’Unione, il cui peso politico, economico e militare è oramai nullo.

* * * * * * *

«China, France denounce U.S. nuclear sub pact with Britain, Australia»

«U.S. and allies look for ways to push back against China»

«Security alliance ‘severely’ damages regional peace»

«France accuses Biden of acting like Trump with ‘brutal’ decision»

* * *

«France, which loses its own submarine deal with Australia, called the plans brutal and unpredictable»

«The partnership ends Australia’s 2016 deal with French shipbuilder Naval Group to build it a new submarine fleet worth $40 billion to replace its more than two-decades-old Collins submarines»

«China on Thursday denounced a new Indo-Pacific security alliance between the United States, Britain and Australia, saying such partnerships should not target third countries and warning of an intensified arms race in the region»

«Under the arrangement, dubbed AUKUS, the United States and Britain will provide Australia with the technology and capability to deploy nuclear-powered submarines»

«I am angry and bitter. This isn’t done between allies»

«One U.S. official said the partnership was the result of months of engagements by military and political leaders during which Britain – which recently sent an aircraft carrier to Asia – had indicated it wanted to do more in the region»

«U.S. officials said nuclear propulsion would allow the Australian navy to operate more quietly, for longer periods, and provide deterrence across the Indo-Pacific»

«→→ EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said the new partnership, on which the EU was not consulted, showed the need for a more assertive European foreign policy ←←»

«”We must survive on our own, as others do,” Borrell said as he presented a new EU strategy for the Indo-Pacific region. “I understand the extent to which the French government must be disappointed.”»

* * * * * * *

Questa è la realtà dei fatti.

L’Unione Europea e la Francia di Macron contano meno dello zero. Nemmeno avvisati.

*


China, France denounce U.S. nuclear sub pact with Britain, Australia.

– U.S. and allies look for ways to push back against China

– Security alliance ‘severely’ damages regional peace, China says

– France accuses Biden of acting like Trump with ‘brutal’ decision

*

Washington/Canberra, Sept 16 (Reuters) – China on Thursday denounced a new Indo-Pacific security alliance between the United States, Britain and Australia, saying such partnerships should not target third countries and warning of an intensified arms race in the region.

Under the arrangement, dubbed AUKUS, the United States and Britain will provide Australia with the technology and capability to deploy nuclear-powered submarines.

France, which loses its own submarine deal with Australia, called the plans brutal and unpredictable.

The United States and its allies are looking for ways to push back against China’s growing power and influence, particularly its military buildup, pressure on Taiwan and deployments in the contested South China Sea.

U.S. President Joe Biden, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison did not mention China by name in the joint announcement and senior Biden administration officials, who briefed reporters ahead of time, said the partnership was not aimed at countering Beijing.

But Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said the three countries were “severely damaging regional peace and stability, intensifying an arms race, and damaging international nuclear non-proliferation efforts”.

“China always believes that any regional mechanism should conform to the trend of peace and development of the times and help enhance mutual trust and cooperation… It should not target any third party or undermine its interests,” he told a regular briefing in Beijing.

Johnson said the pact was not meant to be adversarial and said it would reduce the costs of Britain’s next generation of nuclear submarines.

“Now that we have created AUKUS we expect to accelerate the development of other advanced defence systems including in cyber, artificial intelligence, quantum computing and undersea capabilities,” Johnson told parliament.

The partnership ends Australia’s 2016 deal with French shipbuilder Naval Group to build it a new submarine fleet worth $40 billion to replace its more than two-decades-old Collins submarines, a spokesperson for Morrison told Reuters.

France accused Biden of stabbing it in the back and acting like his predecessor Donald Trump.

“This brutal, unilateral and unpredictable decision reminds me a lot of what Mr Trump used to do,” Le Drian told franceinfo radio. “I am angry and bitter. This isn’t done between allies.”

The three leaders stressed Australia would not be fielding nuclear weapons but using nuclear propulsion systems for the vessels to guard against threats.

“We all recognise the imperative of ensuring peace and stability in the Indo-Pacific over the long term,” Biden said.

“We need to be able to address both the current strategic environment in the region, and how it may evolve because the future of each of our nations and indeed the world depends on a free and open Indo-Pacific enduring and flourishing in the decades ahead,” he said.

Morrison said Australia would meet all its nuclear non-proliferation obligations.

‘STRONG ROLE’

One U.S. official said the partnership was the result of months of engagements by military and political leaders during which Britain – which recently sent an aircraft carrier to Asia – had indicated it wanted to do more in the region. 

New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern welcomed the focus on the Indo-Pacific but said Australia’s nuclear-powered submarines would not be allowed in its territorial waters.

Singapore said it had long had relations with Australia, Britain and the United States and hoped their grouping would contribute to peace and stability.

Japan said the three countries’ strengthening of security and defence cooperation was important for peace and security.

A U.S. official briefing before the announcement said Biden had not mentioned the plans “in any specific terms” to Chinese leader Xi Jinping in a call last Thursday, but did “underscore our determination to play a strong role in the Indo-Pacific”.

U.S. officials said nuclear propulsion would allow the Australian navy to operate more quietly, for longer periods, and provide deterrence across the Indo-Pacific.

EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said the new partnership, on which the EU was not consulted, showed the need for a more assertive European foreign policy.

“We must survive on our own, as others do,” Borrell said as he presented a new EU strategy for the Indo-Pacific region. “I understand the extent to which the French government must be disappointed.”

Biden said the three governments would launch an 18-month consultation period “to determine every element of this programme, from workforce, to training requirements, to production timelines” and to ensure full compliance with non-proliferation commitments.

Among the U.S. firms that could benefit are General Dynamics Corp (GD.N) and Huntington Ingalls Industries Inc (HII.N).

General Dynamics’ Electric Boat business does much of the design work for U.S. submarines, but critical subsystems such as electronics and nuclear power plants are made by BWX Technologies Inc (BWXT.N)

U.S. officials did not give a time frame for when Australia would deploy a nuclear-powered submarine, or how many would be built.

A U.S. official said Washington had shared nuclear propulsion technology only once before – with Britain in 1958.

“This is frankly an exception to our policy in many respects… We view this as a one-off.”

Pubblicato in: Cina, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. La scuola amplia e potenzia i corsi di mandarino.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-24.

Westminster_Abbey_-_20th_Century_Martyrs

La conoscenza delle lingue straniere è un elemento essenziale per la vita corrente.

Tuttavia l’importanza delle singole lingue è variata rapidamente negli ultimi decenni, e sembrerebbe essere destinata a variare ancora di più nel futuro.

Nell’ultimo quarto di secolo francese e tedesco hanno perso molto della loro passata utilità, soppiantate dallo spagnolo e dal portoghese.

Ma con i tempi correnti anche l’inglese, pur restando utile, non è più indispensabile.

A ciò si aggiunga che paesi quali la Russia, l’India, la Cina ed i paesi del sudest asiatico dimostrano ripulsa verso l’inglese. Non solo, ma nelle associazioni tra stati di quelle zone, l’inglese non è menzionato essere tra le lingue ufficiali.

Questo fatto inizia ad essere una delle maggiori difficoltà per gli occidentali, i quali usualmente ignorano le lingue asiatiche. Spesso non possono nemmeno mandare delle loro delegazioni, non essendo disponibile la traduzione simultanea in inglese.

Il Regno Unito sta invece preparando la sua nuova classe dirigente del futuro.

*


Mandarin teaching program in UK schools extended under gov’t language drive

LONDON, July 31 (Xinhua) — The British Department for Education (DfE) announced Saturday that the Mandarin program in British schools is set to be extended for a further three years from this September.

The Mandarin Excellence Program forms part of a multi-million dollar initiative to encourage thousands of young students in Britain to learn Mandarin, Latin and modern world languages.

“To continue the success of the program and reiterate the importance of learning new languages, the Mandarin program is expected to be extended for a further three years from this September, run by University College London Institute of Education and the British Council,” said a spokesperson for the DfE.

The Mandarin programme now involves 75 schools across the country with more than 6,000 pupils learning Mandarin towards fluency.

Meanwhile, a 5.5-million-U.S. dollar Latin Excellence Program was unveiled to level up opportunities for state secondary school students, as well as helping them with other subjects like English, French, Spanish and even maths.

The spokesperson said the initiative aims to boost the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) Latin entries and will be modelled on the success of the Mandarin Excellence Program, launched in 2016 in response to the growing importance of Mandarin as a global language.

Similarly to the Mandarin program, the Latin Excellence Program will be led by a center of excellence, which will work with up to 40 schools to develop teacher training resources and lesson materials for 11-16 year-olds, according to the DfE. Enditem

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. 2021Q2. Pil -4.4% rispetto al 2019Q4. Investimenti aziendali +9.7%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-14.

2021-08-12__Regno Unito 001

                         In sintesi.

– The level of GDP is now 4.4% below where it was pre-coronavirus pandemic at Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2019

* * * * * * *

Diamo con piacere atto allo Office for National Statistics di aver riportato il pil sull’ultimo trimestre del 2019, ultima rilevazione prima del lockdown.

Il sistema economico inglese sta dando vivi segni di ripresa: in particolare gli investimenti delle aziende hanno ripreso a buon ritmo, +9.7%, così come la produzione manifatturiera, +13.9%.

* * * * * * *


Lo Office for National Statistics ha Rilasciato il Report GDP first quarterly estimate, UK: April to June 2021

First quarterly estimate of gross domestic product (GDP). Contains current and constant price data on the value of goods and services to indicate the economic performance of the UK.

                         Main Points

– UK gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated to have increased by 4.8% in Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2021 following the easing of coronavirus (COVID-19) restrictions.

– There have been increases in services, production and construction output over the quarter.

– In output terms, the largest contributors to this increase were from wholesale and retail trade, accommodation and food service activities, and education.

– The level of GDP is now 4.4% below where it was pre-coronavirus pandemic at Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2019.

– In Quarter 2 2021, there were increases in nearly all main components of expenditure apart from “trade”, with the largest contribution from household consumption, which contributed 4.1 percentage points to the 4.8% increase following the easing of coronavirus restrictions in Quarter 2 2021 compared with Quarter 1 (Jan to Mar) 2021.

                         Headline GDP figures.

UK gross domestic product (GDP) is estimated to have increased by 4.8% in Quarter 2 (Apr to June) 2021, following the easing of coronavirus (COVID-19) restrictions (Figure 1). Monthly estimates published today (12 August 2021) show that GDP increased across all three months at 2.2% in April, 0.6% in May and 1.0% in June 2021.

The level of GDP in the UK is now 4.4% below where it was prior to the coronavirus pandemic at the end of 2019.

*

Several countries have published first estimates of nominal and real GDP for the second quarter of 2021, including France, Germany, Spain and the United States. Italy and Canada have also published first estimates of real GDP for Quarter 2 2021, but not nominal GDP and therefore have not been included in Figure 2. The UK experienced the largest increase in real GDP of these countries in Quarter 2 2021, in part reflecting the timing of the tightening and easing of public health restrictions in the first half of this year.

Of the other countries, Italy and Spain had the next largest volume increases in Quarter 2 2021. However, these two countries are the furthest away from their pre-pandemic levels of GDP, with Spain 6.8% and Italy 3.8% below their Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2019 levels. The United States is the only economy to have recovered to above pre-pandemic levels (0.8%).

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. Giugno21. Vendite al Dettaglio +9.7% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-07-27.

2021-07-24__ Regno Unito 001

In sintesi.

– The volume of sales for the three months to June 2021 was 12.2% higher than in the previous three months

– strong three-month growth was seen in non-food retailers and automotive fuel sales of 35.8% and 23.6% respectively

– the total proportion of sales online decreased to 26.7% in June 2021, down from 28.4% in May 2021

– retail sales volumes …. were 9.5% higher than in February 2020, before the impact of Covid

2021-07-24__ Regno Unito 002

* * * * * * *

L’Office for National Statistics ha rilasciato il Report Retail sales, Great Britain: June 2021

«Main points

Retail sales volumes increased by 0.5% between May and June 2021, and were up 9.5% when compared with their pre-coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic February 2020 levels.

The largest contribution to the monthly increase in June 2021 came from food stores where sales volumes rose by 4.2%, with anecdotal evidence suggesting these increased sales may be linked with the start of the Euro 2020 football championship.

Non-food stores reported a fall of 1.7% in sales volumes in June 2021 when compared with May 2021, driven by falls in household goods stores, such as furniture stores and clothing stores.

Automotive fuel sales increased by 2.3% over the month, as people continued to increase their amount of travel; however, they remain 2.1% below their pre-coronavirus pandemic February 2020 levels.

The volume of sales for the three months to June 2021 was 12.2% higher than in the previous three months, driven in large part by particularly strong sales in April when non-essential retailing re-opened; strong three-month growth was seen in non-food retailers and automotive fuel sales of 35.8% and 23.6% respectively.

The proportion of retail sales conducted online remains substantially higher than before the pandemic, but in June most retail sectors reported a fall in their proportions of online sales as consumers returned to physical stores; the total proportion of sales online decreased to 26.7% in June 2021, down from 28.4% in May 2021.

In June 2021, retail sales volumes increased by 0.5% when compared with May 2021 and were 9.5% higher than in February 2020, before the impact of Covid.»

* * * * * * *

Retail Sales Index

Dataset | Released 23 July 2021

A series of retail sales data for Great Britain in value and volume terms, seasonally and non-seasonally adjusted.

Retail Sales pounds data

Dataset | Released 23 July 2021

Total sales and average weekly spending estimates for each retail sector in Great Britain in the thousands (British pounds).

Retail Sales Index internet sales

Dataset | Released 23 July 2021

Internet sales in Great Britain by store type, month and year.

Retail Sales Index categories and their percentage weights

Dataset | Released 23 July 2021

Retail sales categories and descriptions and their percentage of all retailing in Great Britain.