Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Problemia Energetici

Germania. Si smantella il parco eolico di Garzweiler per ampliare la miniera di lignite.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-08.

2022-10-29__ Garzweiler 001

                         Un parco eolico in Germania viene smantellato per espandere la miniera di lignite di Garzweiler. Ciononostante, lo Stato tedesco della Renania Settentrionale-Vestfalia ha dichiarato di voler eliminare gradualmente il carbone entro il 2030, così come RWE, la società proprietaria della miniera. Le turbine eoliche vicino alla miniera a cielo aperto di Garzweiler, nello Stato della Renania Settentrionale-Vestfalia, gestita dal gigante tedesco dell’energia RWE, vengono rimosse per far posto a un maggiore sfruttamento della lignite. Energiekontor e wpd, che opera anche nei Balcani, gestiscono l’impianto eolico.

                         Secondo RWE, la produzione annuale di Garzweiler è di 25 milioni di tonnellate. Ha stimato che le riserve di lignite nella zona potrebbero durare fino al 2045. Il combustibile viene fornito principalmente alla vicina centrale termoelettrica di Neurat. La popolazione di diversi comuni dell’area a ovest di Colonia ha dovuto essere trasferita a causa dell’espansione della miniera di Grazweiler. Oltre all’ubicazione del parco eolico, RWE sta occupando un’area all’interno e intorno alla cittadina di Lützerath. Verrà completamente sfrattata e demolita.

                         Il tribunale della città tedesca di Münster si è pronunciato quest’anno a favore dell’espansione della miniera. Gli attivisti per il clima che si oppongono ai piani hanno definito la decisione cinica e ipocrita. Il tribunale ha ritenuto che nessuna miniera di superficie alternativa avrebbe soddisfatto la necessaria domanda di lignite.

* * * * * * *

«A wind farm in Germany is being dismantled to expand the Garzweiler lignite mine. Nevertheless, the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia said it would phase out coal by 2030, as did RWE, the company that owns the mine. Wind turbines near the Garzweiler open pit mine in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, run by German energy giant RWE, is being removed to make way for more lignite exploitation. Energiekontor and wpd, which is also active in the Balkans, operate the wind far»

«Garzweiler’s annual production is 25 million tonnes, according to RWE. It estimated that lignite reserves in the area could last until 2045. The fuel is mostly supplied to the nearby Neurat thermal power plant. The population from several municipalities in the area west of Cologne had to be relocated due to the Grazweiler mine expansion. In addition to the location of the wind farm, RWE is taking an area in and around the small town of Lützerath. It will be completely evicted and demolished.»

«The court in the German town of Münster ruled this year in favor of expanding the mine. Climate activists opposed to the plans called the decision cynical and hypocritical. The court found that no alternative surface mines would meet the necessary demand for lignite.»

* * * * * * *


Wind farm in Germany is being dismantled to expand coal mine.

A wind farm in Germany is being dismantled to expand the Garzweiler lignite mine. One of eight turbines installed at the location in 2001 has already been removed. Nevertheless, the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia said it would phase out coal by 2030, as did RWE, the company that owns the mine.

Wind turbines near the Garzweiler open pit mine in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, run by German energy giant RWE, is being removed to make way for more lignite exploitation.

The turbines were in operation since 2001, and government subsidies have expired. Energiekontor and wpd, which is also active in the Balkans, operate the wind farm.

It is unknown how long the deconstruction would take. So far, one wind turbine has been removed.

                         Lignite for electricity production will be extracted where the wind turbines are now located

Garzweiler’s annual production is 25 million tonnes, according to RWE. It estimated that lignite reserves in the area could last until 2045. The fuel is mostly supplied to the nearby Neurat thermal power plant.

The excavation was initially limited to an area of 66 square kilometers in the Garzweiler 1 area. The complex was extended in 2006 to the Garzweiler 2 sector over an area of 48 square kilometers.

Displacement due to coal mine expansion

The population from several municipalities in the area west of Cologne had to be relocated due to the Grazweiler mine expansion. In addition to the location of the wind farm, RWE is taking an area in and around the small town of Lützerath. It will be completely evicted and demolished.

The town has become a symbolic battlefield for climate activists in Germany.

The decision to demolish Lützerath was made in accordance with the country’s new coal policy to temporarily increase the use of lignitefor electricity production during the energy crisis, Clean Energy Wire reported.

Nevertheless, North Rhine-Westphalia has announced it would stop using fossil fuels by 2030, as did RWE.

The court in the German town of Münster ruled this year in favor of expanding the mine. Climate activists opposed to the plans called the decision cynical and hypocritical.

The court found that no alternative surface mines would meet the necessary demand for lignite. Security of supply is currently the priority while “climate protection remains one of the key challenges of our time,” RWE pointed out and declared it seeks to support both, the article adds.

                         Security of supply is currently the priority, according to RWE

The Ministry of Economy of North Rhine-Westphalia elaborated on the paradoxical situation, saying the move would enable the recultivation of former coal pits, the shutdown of Garzweiler and a coal phaseout.

“If Lützerath were to be preserved, the production volume required to maintain the security of supply over the next eight years could not be achieved, the stability of the opencast mine could not be guaranteed and the necessary recultivation could not be carried out,” it said.

Vice Chancellor and Federal Minister for Economic Affairs and Climate Action Robert Habeck has said negotiations on the country’s coal phaseout were underway with operators of other mines and eight thermal power plants.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Russia

Ukraina. I droni russi hanno distrutto almeno metà della capacità termica della Ukraina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-23.

Generale Inverno 001

Questi sono altri sicuri alleati del Presidente Putin.

Rasputitsa o Generale Mud.

Generale Gelo o Generale Moroz

Generale Inverno o Generale Zima

I droni russi hanno distrutto almeno metà della capacità termica della Ukraina.

Il gelo, il buio e la fame inducono a ragionare meglio.

* * * * * * *

                         Dal 10 ottobre, gli attacchi aerei russi hanno colpito almeno la metà della capacità di generazione termica dell’Ucraina, causando danni per miliardi di dollari, anche se non tutte le unità elettriche hanno smesso di funzionare completamente. L’Ucraina potrebbe aver bisogno di importazioni di energia elettrica per superare l’inverno dopo gli attacchi che hanno colpito il 30-40% delle infrastrutture elettriche e gli operatori commerciali stavano già conducendo trattative con i fornitori. Si tratta di una capacità piuttosto elevata. Posso dire che è… almeno la metà della capacità di generazione termica, anche di più.

                         L’Ucraina ha perso 4000 MW di capacità di generazione a causa degli scioperi. Vediamo che hanno preso di mira un certo numero di nuovi (impianti), ma hanno anche bombardato (impianti) che erano già stati bombardati in precedenza per distruggerli assolutamente.

* * * * * * *

«Russian air attacks have hit at least half of Ukraine’s thermal generation capacity causing billions of dollars of damage since Oct. 10, though not all those power units have stopped working completely. Ukraine may need electricity imports to get through the winter after attacks that had struck 30-40% of power infrastructure and traders were already holding negotiations with suppliers. It’s quite a lot of capacity. I can tell you that it’s… at least half of thermal generation capacity, even more»

«Ukraine had lost 4000MW in generating capacity as a result of the strikes. We see that they targeted a number of new (facilities), but also they shelled (facilities) which had been already shelled before to destroy them absolutely»

* * * * * * *


At least half of Ukraine’s thermal power capacity hit by Russian strikes – minister

Kyiv, Oct 21 (Reuters) – Russian air attacks have hit at least half of Ukraine’s thermal generation capacity causing billions of dollars of damage since Oct. 10, though not all those power units have stopped working completely, Ukraine’s energy minister said on Friday.

German Galushchenko told Reuters in an interview that Ukraine may need electricity imports to get through the winter after attacks that had struck 30-40% of power infrastructure and traders were already holding negotiations with suppliers.

Moscow stepped up its strikes last week using missiles and loitering munitions to target Kyiv and major infrastructure in what Kremlin leader Vladimir Putin said was payback for a Ukrainian attack on a bridge to annexed Crimea.

“It’s quite a lot of capacity. I can tell you that it’s… at least half of thermal generation capacity, even more,” Galushchenko said, when asked about the scale of the damage.

He said he believed that Russia, whose invasion of Ukraine is nearing the eight-month mark, now planned to destroy the entire energy system, though he emphasised that the system was still functioning stably.

“This week, they targeted a number of thermal generation (plants),” Galushchenko said. Ukraine had lost 4000MW in generating capacity as a result of the strikes, he said.

Earlier this week towns and cities restricted power supplies and limited electricity use this week so energy companies could repair power facilities hit by a wave of Russian air strikes.

“We see that they targeted a number of new (facilities), but also they shelled (facilities) which had been already shelled before to destroy them absolutely,” he said.

Five energy workers have been killed and 11 wounded in attacks since Oct. 10, his ministry says.

                         NUCLEAR BACKGROUND

Galushchenko spoke in English throughout the interview, dressed in casual military style clothing in the airy, Soviet-era offices of the energy ministry in Kyiv.

He has served as energy minister since April 2021 and earlier was vice president at Energoatom, the state nuclear company that has surged to prominence during the war as fears have mounted around the Russian-occupied nuclear plant in Zaporizhzhia.

He said he saw no signs of progress towards a deal involving Russia, Ukraine and the U.N. nuclear watchdog on resolving the situation at the plant, Europe’s biggest nuclear power station.

Russian forces have occupied the plant in southern Ukraine since shortly after Moscow’s invasion but it is still operated by its Ukrainian staff. Kyiv and Moscow have accused each other of shelling the facility, risking a nuclear disaster.

Rafael Grossi, the head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, has held talks in Moscow and Kyiv in an effort to secure agreement on a safety and security protection zone around the plant.

Asked if he saw progress towards an agreement, Galushchenko said: “Not at this stage.”

“I see that there were some messages from Rafael this week, that he again wants to discuss the framework of an agreement. I don’t know, maybe something changed in the Russian position, but I do not believe (in) any possibility to agree with Russia,” he said.

Asked at what point it would be too dangerous for Ukrainian staff to continue working at the plant, he said: “This point is a nuclear accident,” explaining that they had a responsibility to carry on as they could not be replaced by Russia.

An evacuation of the plant’s “thousands” of workers would therefore only happen “several hours before (a) real catastrophe,” Galushchenko said.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Malaysia. Export +30.1%, Import +33.0%, surplus commerciale +20.9% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-21.

Malaysia 001

                         Le esportazioni della Malesia sono aumentate del 30.1% a 144.31 miliardi di ringgit (30.57 miliardi di dollari USA) nel mese di settembre rispetto a un anno fa, come hanno mostrato i dati ufficiali mercoledì. La crescita delle esportazioni è stata favorita soprattutto dalla robusta domanda esterna di prodotti elettrici ed elettronici (E&E), prodotti petroliferi, gas naturale liquefatto (LNG), petrolio grezzo, apparecchiature ottiche e scientifiche, nonché macchinari, attrezzature e parti di ricambio.

                         Nel frattempo, il commercio malese è aumentato del 31.4% rispetto all’anno precedente, raggiungendo i 256.91 miliardi di ringgit (54.42 miliardi di dollari) a settembre. Anche le importazioni della Malesia sono salite del 33% a 112.60 miliardi di ringgit (23.85 miliardi di dollari). Il surplus commerciale della Malesia ha raggiunto un nuovo record, espandendosi del 20.9% a 31,71 miliardi di ringgit (6.72 miliardi di dollari).

                         Per il terzo trimestre del 2022, il commercio della Malesia è aumentato del 42% a 774.98 miliardi di ringgit (164.16 miliardi di dollari), rispetto al terzo trimestre del 2021. Le esportazioni del trimestre sono aumentate del 38.3% su base annua a 419.65 miliardi di ringgit (88.89 miliardi di dollari), mentre le importazioni sono cresciute del 46.5% a 355.32 miliardi di ringgit (75.26 miliardi di dollari).

* * * * * * *

«Malaysia’s exports increased by 30.1 percent to 144.31 billion ringgit (30.57 billion U.S. dollars) in September from a year ago, official data showed Wednesday. The export growth was contributed mainly by robust external demand for electrical and electronic (E&E) products, petroleum products, liquefied natural gas (LNG), crude petroleum, optical and scientific equipment as well as machinery, equipment and parts.»

«Meanwhile, Malaysia’s trade rose by 31.4 percent year on year to 256.91 billion ringgit (54.42 billion dollars) in September. Malaysia’s imports also climbed 33 percent to 112.60 billion ringgit (23.85 billion dollars). Malaysia’s trade surplus achieved a new record high, expanding by 20.9 percent to 31.71 billion ringgit (6.72 billion dollars).»

«For the third quarter of 2022, Malaysia’s trade edged up by 42 percent to 774.98 billion ringgit (164.16 billion dollars), compared to the third quarter of 2021. Exports for the quarter increased by 38.3 percent year on year to 419.65 billion ringgit (88.89 billion dollars) while imports expanded by 46.5 percent to 355.32 billion ringgit (75.26 billion dollars).»

* * * * * * *


Malaysia’s exports climb 30.1 pct in September

Kuala Lumpur, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) — Malaysia’s exports increased by 30.1 percent to 144.31 billion ringgit (30.57 billion U.S. dollars) in September from a year ago, official data showed Wednesday.

The export growth was contributed mainly by robust external demand for electrical and electronic (E&E) products, petroleum products, liquefied natural gas (LNG), crude petroleum, optical and scientific equipment as well as machinery, equipment and parts, the International Trade and Industry Ministry said in a statement.

According to the statement, exports of E&E products, optical and scientific equipment as well as LNG registered the highest monthly value thus far.

Meanwhile, Malaysia’s trade rose by 31.4 percent year on year to 256.91 billion ringgit (54.42 billion dollars) in September.

Malaysia’s imports also climbed 33 percent to 112.60 billion ringgit (23.85 billion dollars).

Malaysia’s trade surplus achieved a new record high, expanding by 20.9 percent to 31.71 billion ringgit (6.72 billion dollars).

For the third quarter of 2022, Malaysia’s trade edged up by 42 percent to 774.98 billion ringgit (164.16 billion dollars), compared to the third quarter of 2021.

Exports for the quarter increased by 38.3 percent year on year to 419.65 billion ringgit (88.89 billion dollars) while imports expanded by 46.5 percent to 355.32 billion ringgit (75.26 billion dollars).

In the first nine months of 2022, Malaysia’s trade climbed by 32.9 percent to 2.13 trillion ringgit (451.18 billion dollars) from the same period last year.

Exports for the period grew by 30.3 percent to 1.159 trillion ringgit (245.5 billion dollars) while imports expanded by 36.2 percent to 971.26 billion ringgit (205.73 billion dollars).

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Stati Uniti

Ukraina. La Nato non riesce più a fornire armi essendo le scorte quasi finite.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-17.

Lavrov Putin che ridono 011

«it could take years for defense contractors to meet the shortfall.»

«Potrebbero volerci anni prima che gli appaltatori della difesa riescano a colmare il deficit»

«DoD hasn’t bought a Stinger in about 18 years and some of the components are no longer commercially available»

«Il Dipartimento della Difesa non acquista uno Stinger da circa 18 anni e alcuni componenti non sono più disponibili in commercio»

* * * * * * *

Gli alleati dell’Ucraina non riescono a procurarsi armi abbastanza velocemente, mentre le scorte si riducono. Con la spesa per la difesa che per anni è stata una priorità minore, gli appaltatori potrebbero impiegare tempo per colmare il divario tra domanda e offerta. Con la guerra russa in Ucraina all’ottavo mese, alcune nazioni europee che hanno fornito armi a Kiev stanno esaurendo le scorte, e potrebbero volerci anni perché gli appaltatori della difesa riescano a colmare il deficit.

Gli Stati della NATO stanno esortando le aziende a incrementare la produzione per aiutarli a rifornirsi, sia per rifornire l’Ucraina che per rinforzare i propri magazzini in un clima di crescente tensione. Gli alleati di Kiev hanno già inviato miliardi di dollari in armi, munizioni ed equipaggiamenti dall’invasione russa di febbraio. Questo sta mettendo sotto pressione le scorte di munizioni, compresi i proiettili da 155 mm per l’artiglieria, di cui gli Stati Uniti hanno fornito all’Ucraina oltre un milione di proiettili dall’inizio della guerra.

Potrebbero volerci anni prima che l’offerta raggiunga la domanda. Le aziende del settore della difesa devono affrontare ostacoli per espandere la produzione alla scala necessaria. Le aziende europee della difesa dovranno anche modificare le linee di assemblaggio dopo che molti governi hanno tagliato la spesa per la difesa dopo la Guerra Fredda e mentre l’attenzione per le attrezzature si sposta di nuovo su ciò che ha funzionato per l’Ucraina.

Le aziende hanno difficoltà ad accedere a determinati semiconduttori e metalli delle terre rare, mentre la manodopera qualificata scarseggia. L’azienda non prevede ordini prima del 2023 per i rifornimenti più consistenti di missili Stinger e munizioni anticarro Javelin, a causa delle difficoltà di approvvigionamento dei materiali necessari per produrli. Il Dipartimento della Difesa non acquista uno Stinger da circa 18 anni e alcuni componenti non sono più disponibili in commercio. Sebbene la spesa per la difesa sia diventata una priorità dopo l’invasione russa, non è chiaro per quanto tempo rimarrà così, soprattutto in Europa, dove le nazioni devono affrontare una potenziale crisi energetica quest’inverno. Le esigenze di spesa dei Paesi aumenteranno ulteriormente se vogliono tenere il passo con la Cina, quando si tratta di investire in tecnologie emergenti.

* * * * * * *

«Ukraine’s allies can’t get arms fast enough as stockpiles shrink. With defense spending a lower priority for years, it could take time for contractors to make up the gulf between supply and demand. With Russia’s war in Ukraine in its eighth month, some European nations that have funneled weapons to Kyiv are running low, and it could take years for defense contractors to meet the shortfall.»

«NATO states are urging companies to boost production to help them restock — to both resupply Ukraine and reinforce their own stores in a climate of heightened tension. Kyiv’s allies have already sent in billions of dollars in arms, munitions and equipment since Russia invaded in February. That’s putting pressure on ammunition stockpiles, including 155 mm shells for artillery, some of the people said, of which the US has given Ukraine well over a million rounds since the start of the war.»

«It could take years before supply catches up with demand. Defense companies face hurdles to expand production to the scale that is necessary. European defense firms will also have to modify assembly lines after many governments cut defense spending following the Cold War and as the focus on equipment shifts back to what has worked for Ukraine»

«Firms are also struggling to access certain semiconductors and rare-earth metals, while skilled workers are in short supply. The company wouldn’t see orders come in before 2023 at the earliest for larger replenishments of Stinger missiles and Javelin anti-tank munitions, noting difficulties sourcing materials needed to produce them. DoD hasn’t bought a Stinger in about 18 years and some of the components are no longer commercially available. While defense spending has become a priority since Russia’s invasion, it’s unclear how long that will remain the case, particularly in Europe where nations face a potential energy crisis this winter. Countries’ spending needs are going to increase further if they want to keep pace with China, when it comes to investing in emerging technology»

* * * * * * *


Ukraine’s Allies Can’t Get Arms Fast Enough as Stockpiles Shrink.

With defense spending a lower priority for years, it could take timefor contractors to make up the gulf between supply and demand.

With Russia’s war in Ukraine in its eighth month, some European nations that have funneled weapons to Kyiv are running low, and it could take years for defense contractors to meet the shortfall.

NATO states are urging companies to boost production to help them restock — to both resupply Ukraine and reinforce their own stores in a climate of heightened tension, according to people familiar with the matter. That’s as Russian President Vladimir Putin escalates his threats, including warning of a potential nuclear attack, with his troops facing numerous setbacks on the ground in Ukraine. 

Kyiv’s allies have already sent in billions of dollars in arms, munitions and equipment since Russia invaded in February. That’s putting pressure on ammunition stockpiles, including 155 mm shells for artillery, some of the people said, of which the US has given Ukraine well over a million rounds since the start of the war. 

Defense companies in the US and Europe are now seeing demand rise for air defense and anti-tank arms alongside other equipment, with governments increasingly recognizing that Ukraine will probably need military support for years to come. But it will be a struggle to quickly expand manufacturing after decades of limited orders.

As the war drags on, Ukraine’s partners may be tempted to prune back support as they worry about their own security needs, potentially creating the types of fissures Putin is seeking to exploit alongside tensions over access to energy in Europe. Apart from multiple launch rocket systems, Ukraine’s allies have mostly focused on sending it Soviet-era weapons and tanks, which are also running low in supply. 

Those stocks need to be replaced with modern weapons. At the same time, North Atlantic Treaty Organization members need more arms to shore up the alliance’s presence on its eastern flank. 

Defense ministers will meet in Brussels this week to discuss these issues, following a gathering of national armaments directors in late September. “Enhancing NATO stockpiles will ensure we can keep supporting Ukraine,” Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said after that meeting.

It could take years before supply catches up with demand. Defense companies face hurdles to expand production to the scale that is necessary. European defense firms will also have to modify assembly lines after many governments cut defense spending following the Cold War and as the focus on equipment shifts back to what has worked for Ukraine. 

Defense spending in Europe and Canada amounted to a total of around $310 billion in 1990, before dropping off for two decades, according to data from NATO, which bases the figures on 2015 prices and exchange rates. Only after 2014, when Russia annexed Crimea, did spending start to pick up again.

“We’ve been operating in that modus for decades and now all of a sudden we’re entering a totally different ball game,” said Burkard Schmitt, defense and security director at the AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe. “You have to scale up massively and this is simply an enormous effort and takes time because you have to reconfigure everything.”

Firms are also struggling to access certain semiconductors and rare-earth metals, while skilled workers are in short supply. 

On an analyst call on April 26, Raytheon Technologies Corp. Chief Executive Officer Greg Hayes said the company wouldn’t see orders come in before 2023 at the earliest for larger replenishments of Stinger missiles and Javelin anti-tank munitions, noting difficulties sourcing materials needed to produce them. Both Stingers and Javelins have played a role in helping Ukraine beat back Russian troops.

“Unfortunately, DoD hasn’t bought a Stinger in about 18 years and some of the components are no longer commercially available,” Hayes said at the time, referring to the Pentagon. He said Raytheon would have to redesign some of the electronics in the missile, and “that’s going to take us a little bit of time.” The US Army in May subsequently awarded the company a $624 million contract to produce 1,300 Stinger missiles, including support to address “obsolescence, modernize key components, and accelerate production.”

Dassault Aviation SA Chief Executive Officer Eric Trappier on July 20 echoed concerns about supply chains and a shortage of skilled workers, stressing it would take at least an additional year to increase the pace of production of its fighter aircraft, which already take approximately three years to manufacture. 

“If we have to accelerate, we will accelerate, but we need time to accelerate,” Trappier said. “We can’t just click our fingers and accelerate the delivery of fighter aircraft.”

“The industry both in our country and around the world want to know, is there a sustainable longer-range plan for this production,” William LaPlante, the US defense acquisition chief, told reporters after the national armaments directors meeting. “And not that this will be something which has traditionally been feast or famine; that we go into panic mode, we increase production, and then when the crisis passed, we just go back to minimal production again.” 

LaPlante said allies were looking into setting clearer standards. That would, for example, allow for ammunition to be used in artillery produced somewhere else, while countries would consider joint procurement to create larger quantity orders for industry. 

While defense spending has become a priority since Russia’s invasion, it’s unclear how long that will remain the case, particularly in Europe where nations face a potential energy crisis this winter, according to Lucie Béraud-Sudreau, director of the military expenditure and arms production program at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 

Countries’ spending needs are going to increase further if they want to keep pace with China, when it comes to investing in emerging technology, she said. 

“With the difficult economic situation we’re getting into, there’s going to be trade offs,” Béraud-Sudreau said. “There are tough decisions coming for European governments.”

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Problemia Energetici, Unione Europea

Grüne europei. Tornano disperati alla legna da ardere.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-11.

Lavron e Putin che ridono 001

I disperati Grüne europei tornano al combustibile più antico del mondo per riscaldarsi. La domanda di legna da ardere aumenta a causa della carenza di gas. Cresce l’ansia in tutta Europa, mentre il continente si prepara a una carenza di energia, e forse a un blackout, quest’inverno.

Il 70% del riscaldamento europeo proviene dal gas naturale e dall’elettricità e, con la drastica riduzione delle forniture russe, la legna – già utilizzata da circa 40 milioni di persone per il riscaldamento – è diventata un bene ricercato. I prezzi dei pellet di legno sono quasi raddoppiati, raggiungendo i 600 euro a tonnellata in Francia, e ci sono segnali di panico nell’acquisto del combustibile più elementare del mondo. L’Ungheria è arrivata a vietare le esportazioni di pellet e la Romania ha imposto un tetto ai prezzi della legna da ardere per sei mesi. Nel frattempo, la consegna delle stufe a legna può richiedere mesi.

Le famiglie in difficoltà in tutta la regione si trovano sempre più spesso a dover scegliere tra il riscaldamento e altri beni di prima necessità. Per molti europei, la preoccupazione principale è fare tutto il necessario per stare al caldo nei prossimi mesi. L’inesperienza è evidente anche in Germania, dove l’associazione degli spazzacamini del Paese è alle prese con una marea di richieste di collegamento di stufe nuove e vecchie, e i clienti si informano sulla combustione di sterco di cavallo e altri combustibili oscuri. La gente è alla ricerca disperata di legna e ne compra più del solito.

Guardiamo all’inverno con grande preoccupazione.

* * * * * * *

«Green desperate europeans return to the world’s oldest fuel for warmth. ‘It’s back to the old days’ as demand for firewood soars due to gas shortage. Growing anxiety across Europe as the continent braces for energy shortfalls, and possibly blackouts, this winter.»

«As much as 70% of European heating comes from natural gas and electricity, and with Russian deliveries drastically reduced, wood — already used by some 40 million people for heating — has become a sought-after commodity. Prices for wood pellets have nearly doubled to 600 euros a ton in France, and there are signs of panic buying of the world’s most basic fuel. Hungary even went so far as to ban exports of pellets, and Romania capped firewood prices for six months. Meanwhile, wood stoves can now take months to deliver.»

«Strapped households across the region are increasingly faced with choosing between heating and other essentials. For many Europeans, the key concern is doing whatever it takes to stay warm in the coming months. Inexperience is also evident in Germany, where the country’s association of chimney sweeps is dealing with a flood of requests to connect new and old stoves, and customers are inquiring about burning horse dung and other obscure fuels. People are desperate for wood, and they are buying more than usual»

«We’re looking ahead to winter with great concern»

* * * * * * *


Green Desperate Europeans Return to the World’s Oldest Fuel for Warmth

‘It’s back to the old days’ as demand for firewood soars due to gas shortage.

Not far from Berlin’s Nazi-era Tempelhof airport, Peter Engelke is putting up a new security gate at his warehouse because of concerns about desperate people pilfering his stock. The precious asset at risk is firewood.

Engelke’s actions reflect growing anxiety across Europe as the continent braces for energy shortfalls, and possibly blackouts, this winter. The apparent sabotage of the Nord Stream gas pipeline is the latest sign of the region’s critical position as Russia slashes supplies in the standoff over the war in Ukraine.

At a summit in Prague on Friday, European Union leaders fell short of agreeing on a price cap for gas amid concerns that any such move could threaten supplies to the region. As much as 70% of European heating comes from natural gas and electricity, and with Russian deliveries drastically reduced, wood — already used by some 40 million people for heating — has become a sought-after commodity.

Prices for wood pellets have nearly doubled to 600 euros a ton in France, and there are signs of panic buying of the world’s most basic fuel. Hungary even went so far as to ban exports of pellets, and Romania capped firewood prices for six months. Meanwhile, wood stoves can now take months to deliver.

Aside from concerns about shortages, the energy crisis is intensifying a surge in living expenses, with euro-zone inflation hitting double digits for the first time ever in September. Strapped households across the region are increasingly faced with choosing between heating and other essentials. 

“It’s back to the old days when people wouldn’t have the whole house heated,” said Nic Snell, managing director at British wholesale firewood retailer Certainly Wood. “They’d sit around the fire and use the heat from the stove or open fire and go off to bed. There will be a lot more of that this winter.”

The trend has meant a boom in demand for Gabriel Kakelugnar AB, a manufacturer of high-end tiled stoves costing an average of 86,000 Swedish kronor ($7,700). The stoves can keep a room warm for 24 hours because of its intricate construction using different channels that hold and distribute the heat.

“During the pandemic, people started to invest more in their homes. That has now of course escalated,” said Jesper Svensson, owner and managing director of the company that’s located less than an hour drive from Sweden’s biggest nuclear reactor. 

Orders have surged more than fourfold, and customers now have to wait until March for delivery, compared with as little as four weeks a year ago.

For many Europeans, the key concern is doing whatever it takes to stay warm in the coming months. The worry has become ever more pressing as the winter chill gets nearer, and the desperation for heat could create health and environmental issues. 

“We are worried that people will just burn what they can get their hands on,” said Roger Sedin, head of the air quality unit at the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, warning against poor ventilation and trying to burn wet firewood. “We can see very high pollution levels when you have people burning wood who don’t know how to do it correctly.”

Particulate matter can end up deep in the lungs and cause heart attacks, strokes and asthma, he said, adding that the risk is particularly acute in urban areas. 

“You need to think about your neighbors,” Sedin said.

Inexperience is also evident in Germany, where the country’s association of chimney sweeps is dealing with a flood of requests to connect new and old stoves, and customers are inquiring about burning horse dung and other obscure fuels.

There are also signs of hording. In France, Frederic Coirier, chief executive officer of Poujoulat SA, which makes chimney flues and produces wood fuels, said some clients have bought two tons of wood pellets, when less than one ton is normally enough to head a home for a year. 

“People are desperate for wood, and they are buying more than usual,” said Trond Fjortoft, founder and CEO of Norwegian wood seller Kortreist Ved. “Usually it happens when it starts to get cold, ‘someone says, oh we should order some wood.’ This year, that started in June” — around the time Russia slashed gas supplies.

In Berlin, the crisis creates unsettling echoes of the desolation following World War II. With fuel in short supply, residents chopped down nearly all the trees in the central Tiergarten park for heating. 

While Berliners aren’t going to such extremes now, concerns about staying warm are widespread. Engelke not only put up an extra security gate to protect logs, coal briquettes and heating oil, he also had to stop taking on new customers. 

“We’re looking ahead to winter with great concern,” he said.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Fisco e Tasse

Svezia. La destra vince 176 a 173. La Banca Centrale alza i tassi di 100 punti base.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-30.

Gufo_019__

I liberal socialisti europei e quelli svedesi sono in preda a crisi convulsive quasi coliche saturnine con ideazione disaggregata impregnata dal terrore. Già. Hanno il più che giustificato incubo che si attui il Terrore e che le loro miserande teste vadano ad infiorare ceste di grandiose dimensioni. Vi ricordate la fine che fecero i giacobini? E vi ricordate cosa successe con il Terrore Bianco?

Non sono le destre che hanno vinto. Sono i liberal socialisti che hanno saputo rendersi odiosi ed invotabili.

Quod gratis asseritur, gratis negatur.

* * * * * * *

La Riksbank svedese ha varato martedì un aumento di 100 punti base dei tassi di interesse, portando il suo tasso di riferimento principale all’1,75%, dopo aver avvertito che l’inflazione è troppo alta. In un comunicato, la banca centrale ha affermato che l’impennata dell’inflazione sta minando il potere d’acquisto delle famiglie e rende più difficile la pianificazione finanziaria sia per le imprese che per le famiglie. L’inflazione dei prezzi al consumo in Svezia è salita al 9% annuo in agosto.

Il leader del partito conservatore svedese Ulf Kristersson è stato formalmente invitato lunedì a cercare di formare un governo, una settimana dopo che la sua alleanza di destra ha ottenuto una stretta vittoria elettorale.

Dopo i colloqui con i leader dei partiti, lo speaker del parlamento svedese, Andreas Norlen, ha dichiarato di aver incaricato Kristersson di sondare le condizioni per formare un governo che possa essere tollerato dal parlamento. Secondo il sistema svedese, un futuro primo ministro può assumere l’incarico solo se controlla la maggioranza in parlamento.

Il primo ministro uscente Magdalena Andersson ha annunciato le sue dimissioni la scorsa settimana dopo che il blocco di destra ha conquistato 176 seggi, 73 dei quali sono andati al SD, nazionalista e anti-immigrazione.

* * * * * * *

«Some 99% of votes from all 6,578 voting districts had been counted by late on Wednesday. If results were confirmed, the right-wing opposition would win 176 seats in the 349-seat parliament. As the current count shows, just 47,000 votes separate the left- and right-wing blocs from each other.  The governing Social Democrats and its coalition would win 173 seats in this instance, the tallies showed.»

«Sweden’s Riksbank on Tuesday launched a 100 basis point hike to interest rates»

* * * * * * *


Sweden’s central bank launches 100 basis point rate hike, says ‘inflation is too high’

«Sweden’s Riksbank on Tuesday launched a 100 basis point hike to interest rates, taking its main policy rate to 1.75%, as it warned that inflation is too high. In a statement, the central bank said soaring inflation was undermining households’ purchasing power and making it more difficult for both companies and households to plan their finances. Swedish consumer price inflation rose to 9% annually in August»

* * * * * * *

Svezia. Rimessa in funzione la centrale elettrica di Karlshamn a petrolio.

Nato, Finlandia, Svezia e Turkia. L’adesione deve essere ratificata da tutti i membri.

Svezia. Sfiduciato il Governo socialdemocratico Löfven.

Svezia. Ritornerebbe in auge la libertà di parola e di ricerca nelle università.

Medici e paramedici stanno lasciando in massa la sanità. 500 al mese. La Svezia.

Svezia. Senza Lockdown pil annuale +0.4%. Ma la disoccupazione al 17%.

Svezia. Economia -7%. Disoccupati ufficiali 7.9%, reali 17%.

Svezia. ‘Number of young adults given treatment for psychiatric illness has risen by 70%.

 * * * * * * *

«Sweden’s conservative party leader Ulf Kristersson was formally asked on Monday to try to form a government, a week after his right-wing alliance won a narrow election victory»

«After talks with party leaders, the speaker of Sweden’s parliament, Andreas Norlen, said he had tasked Kristersson with probing the conditions to form a government that can be tolerated by the parliament. Under the Swedish system, a prospective prime minister can only assume office if they control a majority in parliament»

«Outgoing Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson announced her resignation last week after the right-wing bloc won 176 seats — 73 of them going to the nationalist, anti-immigration SD.»

«Sweden’s Riksbank on Tuesday launched a 100 basis point hike to interest rates, taking its main policy rate to 1.75%, as it warned that inflation is too high. Swedish consumer price inflation rose to 9% annually in August»

* * * * * * *


Swedish conservative leader asked to form government

Stockholm —Sweden’s conservative party leader Ulf Kristersson was formally asked on Monday to try to form a government, a week after his right-wing alliance won a narrow election victory.

The vote marked a watershed in Swedish politics, with Kristersson’s Moderate Party and two other right-wing parties teaming up for the first time with the far-right Sweden Democrats (SD).

fter talks with party leaders, the speaker of Sweden’s parliament, Andreas Norlen, said he had tasked Kristersson with “probing the conditions to form a government that can be tolerated by the parliament”.

Under the Swedish system, a prospective prime minister can only assume office if they control a majority in parliament.

Outgoing Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson announced her resignation last week after the right-wing bloc won 176 seats — 73 of them going to the nationalist, anti-immigration SD. Andersson’s center-left alliance won 173.

The SD, once shunned as pariahs, emerged as the second largest party in parliament behind Andersson’s Social Democrats, which have dominated Swedish politics since the 1930s.

Norlen said he had not set a deadline for Kristersson to try and form a government.

While the four parties in the right-wing bloc all say they support Kristersson, forming a government is not without obstacles.

Andersson will lead an interim government until a new prime minister is elected.

* * * * * * *


Anti-immigrant party helps defeat Sweden’s government

Gothenburg, Sweden — A loose coalition of right-wing parties has narrowly defeated Sweden’s center-left government in a general election, a victory that promises to upend Swedish politics and the country’s reputation as a haven for progressive, pluralistic ideals.

Victory for the right came after strong support for the Sweden Democrats, a once-fringe anti-immigrant party that will now be the second-largest party in the legislature and the strongest voice from the right.

The SD, led by 43-year-old lawmaker Jimmie Akesson, and the Moderate, Christian Democrat and Liberal parties won 176 seats, according to the latest tally, giving them a three-seat lead over the Social Democrats of Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson and their Left, Center and Environment allies. Andersson conceded Wednesday evening ahead of the final results. It could still take weeks to form a government.

The closely watched election has already reshaped Sweden’s political discourse, pushing anti-immigrant and tough-on-crime rhetoric into the political mainstream and deepening fears here about the polarization — or “Americanization” — of Swedish politics.

The European far right has welcomed the SD’s strong showing. “Everywhere in Europe, people aspire to take their destiny back into their own hands!” tweeted Marine Le Pen, France’s far-right firebrand, earlier this week.

The result could also shape Sweden’s standing on the world stage as the country works with partners to respond to the war in Ukraine, seeks NATO membership and takes up the rotating presidency of the European Union in 2023.

“When you are holding on to power with one seat, it’s a cause of instability,” said Eric Adamson, a Stockholm-based project manager at the Atlantic Council’s Northern Europe office. “This may make it harder for Sweden to take on a leadership role in northern Europe, in the E.U. or in NATO.”

The SD gained support by taking a tougher stance against crime, particularly against the rising rates of gun violence in Sweden, and publishing a 30-point plan aimed at making Sweden’s immigration rules among the most restrictive in the E.U. They want to be able to reject asylum seekers based on religion, for instance, or based on gender or sexual identity.

A decade ago, Sweden’s liberal immigration policies were not a major political issue. The influx of migrants to Europe in 2015 started to change this. At that time, Sweden took more than 150,000 asylum seekers, including many newcomers from Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan. In the years since, concerns about immigration and their integration have come to the fore.

The Social Democrats maintain that they have reduced asylum claims by making it harder for migrants to get into the country and apply, stepped up the deportation of asylum seekers whose applications had been rejected and insisted that Sweden should receive no more asylum seekers than other E.U. countries. Party leaders also pledged to dilute the numbers of “non-Nordic” immigrants in areas where large numbers of immigrants live, promising an end to “Somalitowns,” “Chinatowns” and “Little Italies.”

Even a few years ago, the Sweden Democrats’ ascent would have seemed far-fetched.

Formed in 1988 by right-wing extremists and neo-Nazis, the Sweden Democrats did not manage enough votes to win seats in parliament until 2010. After that breakthrough, leaders began to exclude the most extreme members from the party.

Other parties and the media have kept their distance from the SD, refusing to talk to it or give it a platform. But support for the party grew rapidly over the past dozen years, culminating in its election showing Sunday.

Boycotted for so long by the mainstream media, the party has developed its own online news sites and is extremely effective on social media such as Facebook and YouTube.

The Moderates, the largest of the center-right parties, once shunned the SD. But it eventually opted to establish ties, with the aim of upending the political status quo and unseating the Social Democrats.

“If you want a government that is not based on the Social Democrats you need to cooperate with the SD,” said Anders Borg, a former finance minister for the Moderates. “I cannot see any other viable election strategy other that finding a way of cooperating with them.”

“In Sweden,” he said, “we isolated the SD and yet they grew to 20 percent as a lot of ordinary voters drifted towards them. At the same time, the SD has moved away from a fringe position towards being a more ordinary political party.”

Whether the SD is now an “ordinary party” is up for debate. Though the party has distanced itself from its neo-Nazi roots and has stepped away from some of its previous positions, its platform remains exclusionary.

Members want to end immigration from outside Europe and return Muslims to their countries of origin. A month before the election, an SD spokesman tweeted a photo of a subway train in the party’s blue and yellow colors with the words: “Welcome aboard the repatriation express. Here’s a one-way ticket. Next stop, Kabul!”

“They don’t include Islam in Swedishness,” said Andrej Kokkonen, a professor of politics at Gothenburg University who studies anti-immigrant parties. “You don’t get to be a Swede and a Muslim at the same time.”

Sweden Democrat voters tend to live in small towns and rural areas, and most are men, according to Ann-Cathrine Jungar, a professor at Sodertorn University who studies populist radical right parties.

They are less educated than the average voter, Jungar said, but many are small-scale entrepreneurs. The party has also attracted votes from the traditional working class and is increasing its support among the young.

“These voters have lower trust in the media — they believe there is biased information on their core issue of immigration,” Jungar said. “The SD use the populist rhetoric that there is a ‘left-liberal establishment,’ an elite that doesn’t understand the people.”

The party has cultivated links with Trump supporters and the alt-right in the United States, she said: “Previously it was the Moderates who had contacts with the Republicans, but now it is the SD who has taken over and the Moderates are connected with the Democrats.”

“There is concern here that we are becoming more like America with polarization and intense rhetoric,” said Adamson, of the Atlantic Council. “Where every battle becomes an existential one.”

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Europa. Indice dei prezzi alla produzione industriale. Macrodati funerei.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-25.

2022-09-22__ Eurostat Domestic Producer Prices 001

L’indice dei prezzi alla produzione industriale interna misura l’andamento medio dei prezzi di tutti i beni e servizi connessi derivanti dall’attività del settore industriale e venduti sul mercato interno. L’indice dei prezzi alla produzione sul mercato interno mostra l’andamento mensile dei prezzi di transazione delle attività economiche. Per mercato interno si intendono i clienti residenti nello stesso territorio nazionale dell’unità di osservazione. I dati sono compilati secondo la classificazione statistica delle attività economiche nella Comunità europea (NACE Rev. 2, Eurostat). I prezzi alla produzione industriale sono compilati come un indice dei prezzi di tipo Laspeyres ad anno base fisso. L’anno base attuale è il 2015 (indice 2015 =100). Gli indici, così come i tassi di crescita rispetto al mese precedente (M/M-1) e rispetto al mese corrispondente dell’anno precedente (M/M-12) sono presentati in forma grezza.

* * * * * * *

«The industrial domestic output price index measures the average price development of all goods and related services resulting from the activity of the industry sector and sold on the domestic market. The domestic output price index shows the monthly development of transaction prices of economic activities. The domestic market is defined as customers resident in the same national territory as the observation unit. Data are compiled according to the Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community, (NACE Rev. 2, Eurostat). Industrial producer prices are compiled as a “fixed base year Laspeyres type price-index”. The current base year is 2015 (Index 2015 =100). Indexes, as well as both growth rates with respect to the previous month (M/M-1) and with respect to the corresponding month of the previous year (M/M-12) are presented in raw form.» [Eurostat]

* * * * * * *

Questa Tabella riassuntiva ancor in via di formazione evidenzia chiaramente quanto il processo inflattivo stia corrodendo il tessuto economico europeo.

Tranne la Svizzera, che risente del contesto generale ma che riesce a conservare valori inflattivi minimi, tutti gli stati europei  presentano una inflazione dei prezzi alla produzione industriale interna a due cifre.

L’eurozona ha un valore del +37.8%, anno su anno.

Ma spicca il +46.9% della Germania, nazione che in passato era definita essere la locomotiva dell’Europa.

Ne risulta una situazione nella quale ogni qualsiasi attività produttiva è semplicemente impossibile. Da qui la fuga fuori dalla zona dell’euro.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Germania. Prezzi alla Produzione +45.8% anno su anno. Ammonio +175.9%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-23.

Lavrov Putin che ridono 011

Nell’agosto 2022 l’indice dei prezzi alla produzione dei prodotti industriali è aumentato del 45.8% rispetto all’agosto 2021. A luglio l’aumento era stato del +37.2% e a giugno del +32.7%. Il principale responsabile dell’aumento dei prezzi alla produzione rispetto ad agosto 2021 è stato ancora l’aumento dei prezzi dell’energia.

I prezzi dell’energia nel complesso sono aumentati del 139.0% rispetto ad agosto 2021 e del 20.4% rispetto a luglio 2022. I principali responsabili dell’elevato aumento dei prezzi dell’energia sono stati i forti aumenti dei prezzi dell’elettricità (+174.9%). I distributori di energia elettrica hanno dovuto pagare il 278.3% in più rispetto ad agosto 2021. I distributori di energia elettrica hanno dovuto pagare il 278.3% in più rispetto all’agosto 2021. I prezzi del gas naturale (distribuzione) sono aumentati del 209.4% rispetto ad agosto 2021. Le centrali elettriche hanno dovuto pagare il gas naturale il 269.1% in più rispetto a un anno prima. I prezzi dei consumatori industriali sono aumentati del 264.9%, quelli dei rivenditori del 236.8%.

I prezzi dei beni intermedi sono aumentati del 17.5% rispetto ad agosto 2021. I prezzi dell’acciaio metallico e delle ferroleghe sono aumentati del 20.9% rispetto ad agosto 2021 (-3.2% da luglio 2022). I prezzi dei metalli non ferrosi sono aumentati del 16.9% rispetto ad agosto 2021. I prezzi dei prodotti chimici di base, dei fertilizzanti e dei composti azotati sono aumentati del 32.9% rispetto ad agosto 2021. Particolarmente elevati sono stati gli aumenti dei prezzi dei fertilizzanti e dei composti azotati (+108.8%). I prezzi dell’ammoniaca, utilizzata per la produzione di fertilizzanti, sono aumentati del 175.9%. I prezzi dei pellet di legno sono raddoppiati rispetto ad agosto 2021 (+108.2%), mentre i prezzi dei trucioli di legno sono aumentati del 133.3%. I prezzi dei mangimi preparati per gli animali da allevamento sono aumentati del 37.6%. I prezzi delle farine di cereali sono aumentati del 46.4% rispetto ad agosto 2021. Da agosto 2021 ad agosto 2022 i prezzi dei prodotti alimentari sono aumentati del 22.3%. Particolarmente elevato è stato l’aumento dei prezzi del burro (+74.6% rispetto ad agosto 2021) e degli oli vegetali grezzi (+51.4%). I prezzi del latte sono aumentati del 35.3% rispetto ad agosto 2021.

* * * * * * *

«In August 2022, the index of producer prices for industrial products increased by 45.8% compared with August 2021. In July the increase had been +37.2% and in June +32.7%. Mainly responsible for the increase of producer prices compared to August 2021 still was the price increase of energy.»

«Energy prices as a whole were up 139.0% compared to August 2021 and by 20.4% compared to July 2022. Mainly responsible for the high rise of energy prices were the strong price increases of electricity (+174.9%). Electricity redistributors had to pay 278.3% more than in August 2021. Electricity redistributors had to pay 278.3% more than in August 2021. Prices of natural gas (distribution) were up 209.4% on August 2021. Power plants had to pay 269.1% more for natural gas than one year before. Industrial consumers’ prices were up 264.9%, those of resellers 236.8%.»

«Prices of intermediate goods increased by 17.5% compared to August 2021. Prices of metallic steel and ferro-alloys increased by 20.9% compared to August 2021 (-3.2% from July 2022). Prices of non-ferrous metals were up 16.9% on August 2021. Prices of basic chemicals, fertilisers and nitrogen compounds increased by 32.9% compared to August 2021. Especially high were the price increases of fertilisers and nitrogen compounds (+108.8%). Prices for ammoniac which is used for the production of fertilisers was up 175.9%. Prices of wood pellets doubled from August 2021 (+108.2%), prices of wood chips were up 133.3%. Prices of prepared feeds for farm animals increased by 37.6%. Prices of cereal flour rose by 46.4% compared to August 2021. From August 2021 to August 2022 food prices increased by 22.3%. Especially high was the price increase of butter (+74.6% compared to August 2021) and for crude vegetable oils (+51.4%). Prices of milk were up 35.3% from August 2021»

* * * * * * *


Destatis. Producer prices in August 2022: +45.8% on August 2021

                          Producer prices of industrial products (domestic market), August 2022

+45.8% on the same month a year earlier

+7.9% on the previous month

* * * * * * *

Wiesbaden – In August 2022, the index of producer prices for industrial products increased by 45.8% compared with August 2021. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office this was the highest increase ever compared to the corresponding month of the preceding year. In July the increase had been +37.2% and in June +32.7%. Compared with the preceding month July 2022 the overall index rose by 7.9% in August 2022. This is also the highest increase ever compared to the previous month.

Mainly responsible for the increase of producer prices compared to August 2021 still was the price increase of energy. Moreover, prices also rose significantly for intermediate goods (+17.5%) and capital goods (+7.8%) as well as for durable and non-durable consumer goods (10.9% and 16.9%, respectively).

                         Energy prices more than doubled

Energy prices as a whole were up 139.0% compared to August 2021 and by 20.4% compared to July 2022. Mainly responsible for the high rise of energy prices were the strong price increases of electricity (+174.9%).

Electricity redistributors had to pay 278.3% more than in August 2021, special contract customers 195.6%. Prices rose for small commercial customers who often conclude tariff-bound contracts by 12.9%. Compared with the previous month July prices for electricity rose for all customers by 26.4%.

Prices of natural gas (distribution) were up 209.4% on August 2021. Power plants had to pay 269.1% more for natural gas than one year before. Industrial consumers’ prices were up 264.9%, those of resellers 236.8%. Across all customer groups, natural gas became 24.6% more expensive compared to July 2022.

Prices of mineral oil products were up 37.0% from August 2021 and fell by 3.2% from July 2022. Prices of light heating oil doubled compared to August 2021 (+104.0%), those of motor fuels were up 27.3%.

The overall index disregarding energy was 14.0% up on August 2021 (+0.4% compared to July 2022).

                         Significant price increase on intermediate goods, especially regarding metals and chemical precursors

Prices of intermediate goods increased by 17.5% compared to August 2021. Compared to July 2022 these prices slightly rose by 0.1 %. Mainly responsible for the price increase from August 2021 of intermediate goods was the price development of metals which was +19.9%. Compared to July 2022 these prices fell by 1.0%. Prices of metallic steel and ferro-alloys increased by 20.9% compared to August 2021 (-3.2% from July 2022). Prices of non-ferrous metals were up 16.9% on August 2021.

Prices of basic chemicals, fertilisers and nitrogen compounds increased by 32.9% compared to August 2021. Especially high were the price increases of fertilisers and nitrogen compounds (+108.8%). Prices for ammoniac which is used for the production of fertilisers was up 175.9%.

Prices of wood pellets doubled from August 2021 (+108.2%), prices of wood chips were up 133.3%. Prices of prepared feeds for farm animals increased by 37.6%. Prices of cereal flour rose by 46.4% compared to August 2021.

Wood prices fell by 13.0% compared to August 2021, their highest level so far, prices for metal secondary raw materials were down 12.3%.

                         Growth in prices of non-durable consumer goods mainly due to increasing prices for preserved meat, meat products and dairy products

Prices of non-durable consumer goods increased by 16.9% compared to August 2021 and rose by 0.8% compared to July 2022. From August 2021 to August 2022 food prices increased by 22.3%. Especially high was the price increase of butter (+74.6% compared to August 2021) and for crude vegetable oils (+51.4%). Prices of milk were up 35.3% from August 2021. Coffee prices were up 32.5%. Prices of meat disregarding poultry was up 27.5% on August 2021.

Prices of durable consumer goods increased by 10.9% compared to August 2021, mainly caused by the price development of furniture (+13.2%).

Capital goods’ prices rose by 7.8%. The highest impact on the price development of capital goods had the increase of machine prices, which were 9.3% up on August 2021, followed by vehicles’ price development by +6.2%. Especially high were the price increases of metal structures (+20.3%), turbines (+19.8%) and of ventilators (18.1%).

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime, Regno Unito

Anidride carbonica passa da 250 euro per tonnellata agli attuali 3,350. Birrerie belghe al fallimento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-18.

2022-09-04__ Svezia 001

«That in turn hit Huyghe’s supplier Nippon Gases, which demanded 3,350 euros ($3,398) a ton for CO2 instead of 250 euros previously»

«Il blocco ha colpito a sua volta il fornitore di Huyghe, Nippon Gases, che ha chiesto 3,350 euro (3,398 dollari) a tonnellata per la CO2 invece dei 250 euro precedenti»

* * *

Regno Unito. I prezzi della anidride carbonica salgono del 500%. Impatto generalizzato.

Regno Unito. Pub. La pinta di birra chiara è salita da 3.96 ad un massimo di 8 sterline.

* * * * * * *

Gli effetti a catena minacciano il produttore di birra belga e le serre tedesche. l produttore belga della birra Delirium Tremens rischia concretamente di interrompere la produzione per la prima volta in più di un secolo, poiché la crisi energetica europea crea effetti a catena inaspettati in tutta la regione. Dai pomodori tedeschi al pane svedese, la stretta della Russia sulle forniture di gas sta iniziando a colpire settori che vanno ben oltre i servizi pubblici e le industrie ad alta intensità energetica. Le ricadute sulle forniture di cibo e bevande si intensificheranno probabilmente con l’abbassamento delle temperature e la necessità di riscaldamento delle famiglie.

Dai pomodori tedeschi al pane svedese, la stretta sulle forniture di gas da parte della Russia sta iniziando a colpire settori che vanno ben oltre le utilities e le industrie ad alta intensità energetica. La ricaduta sulle forniture di cibo e bevande probabilmente si intensificherà con l’abbassamento delle temperature e la necessità di riscaldamento delle famiglie, costringendo imprese e consumatori a decisioni difficili.

Il birrificio Huyghe, situato nel villaggio belga di Melle, ha preso in considerazione la possibilità di chiudere la produzione a causa dell’aumento di 13 volte del prezzo dell’anidride carbonica liquida, utilizzata per rendere frizzanti le birre.

L’Unione Europea sta cercando di arginare la crisi causata dai tagli al gas della Russia, che lo scorso anno ha fornito circa il 40% della domanda di carburante del blocco.

I problemi del birrificio belga sono stati innescati da una catena di disgrazie che illustrano quanto sia interconnessa l’economia europea. Il gigante norvegese dei fertilizzanti Yara International ASA ha interrotto la produzione di ammoniaca in un impianto nei Paesi Bassi. Questo a sua volta ha colpito il fornitore di Huyghe, Nippon Gases, che ha chiesto 3,350 euro (3,398 dollari) a tonnellata per la CO2 invece dei 250 euro precedenti.

Carlsberg A/S ha dichiarato che potrebbe dover ridurre significativamente o interrompere la produzione di birra in Polonia a causa della carenza di CO2 liquida. L’anidride carbonica è una parte vitale dell’industria alimentare. Viene utilizzata per stordire il bestiame da macello, negli imballaggi per prolungare la durata di conservazione e nel ghiaccio secco per mantenere i prodotti congelati durante il trasporto. Il produttore tedesco di pomodori, fragole e peperoni si affida a SKW Piesteritz GmbH per il calore e la CO2, ma è rimasto a piedi quando il più grande produttore tedesco di ammoniaca e urea ha interrotto la produzione la scorsa settimana.

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«Ripple effects threaten Belgian brewer, German greenhouses. he Belgian brewer of Delirium Tremens beer is facing a real risk of halting production for the first time in more than a century as Europe’s energy crisis creates unexpected ripple effects across the region. From German tomatoes to Swedish bread, Russia’s squeeze on gas supplies is starting to hit sectors well beyond utilities and energy-intensive industries. The spillover on food and drink supplies will likely intensify as temperatures drop and households require heating»

«From German tomatoes to Swedish bread, Russia’s squeeze on gas supplies is starting to hit sectors well beyond utilities and energy-intensive industries. The spillover on food and drink supplies will likely intensify as temperatures drop and households require heating, forcing businesses and consumers into tough decisions.

Brewery Huyghe, located in the Belgian village of Melle, considered shutting production because of a 13-fold surge in the price of liquid carbon-dioxide, which it uses to make beers bubbly»

«The European Union is trying to stem the crisis caused by Russia’s gas cuts, which last year supplied about 40% of the bloc’s demand for the fuel.»

«The Belgian brewery’s woes were triggered by a chain of misfortunes that illustrate how interconnected Europe’s economy is. Norwegian fertilizer giant Yara International ASA halted ammonia output at a plant in the Netherlands. That in turn hit Huyghe’s supplier Nippon Gases, which demanded 3,350 euros ($3,398) a ton for CO2 instead of 250 euros previously»

«Carlsberg A/S said it may need to “significantly reduce” or halt beer production in Poland due to a shortage of liquid CO2. Carbon dioxide is a vital part of the food industry. It’s used to stun livestock for slaughter, as well as in packaging to extend shelf life and for dry ice to keep items frozen during transport. The German grower of tomatoes, strawberries and peppers relies on SKW Piesteritz GmbH for heat as well as CO2, but was left stranded when Germany’s biggest producer of ammonia and urea halted output last week.»

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From Beer to Tomatoes, Europe’s Energy Crisis Is Spilling Over

– Ripple effects threaten Belgian brewer, German greenhouses

– Widening fallout adds pressure on authorities to stem crunch

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The Belgian brewer of Delirium Tremens beer is facing a real risk of halting production for the first time in more than a century as Europe’s energy crisis creates unexpected ripple effects across the region. 

From German tomatoes to Swedish bread, Russia’s squeeze on gas supplies is starting to hit sectors well beyond utilities and energy-intensive industries. The spillover on food and drink supplies will likely intensify as temperatures drop and households require heating, forcing businesses and consumers into tough decisions.

Brewery Huyghe, located in the Belgian village of Melle, considered shutting production because of a 13-fold surge in the price of liquid carbon-dioxide, which it uses to make beers bubbly. It’s hoping a court, which is expected to rule on Wednesday, will thwart its supplier’s force majeure. 

Alain De Laet, owner of the family-run company, said his CO2 inventories could run out this week and force a stoppage for the first time since 1906, unless deliveries from a temporary supplier come through.

“I believe it when I get it in the brewery,” he said.

The European Union is trying to stem the crisis caused by Russia’s gas cuts, which last year supplied about 40% of the bloc’s demand for the fuel. Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Wednesday is set to propose a mandatory target to cut power use — a step toward rationing — along with measures to funnel energy-company profits to struggling consumers.

The Belgian brewery’s woes were triggered by a chain of misfortunes that illustrate how interconnected Europe’s economy is. Norwegian fertilizer giant Yara International ASA halted ammonia output at a plant in the Netherlands. That in turn hit Huyghe’s supplier Nippon Gases, which demanded 3,350 euros ($3,398) a ton for CO2 instead of 250 euros previously.

“Currently running production based on gas in Europe is not profitable,” Tiffanie Stephani, Yara’s vice president of European government relations, said via email. “We continue to monitor the situation and adapt our production.” 

Nippon declined to comment citing the ongoing court case.

Huyghe isn’t alone. Carlsberg A/S said it may need to “significantly reduce” or halt beer production in Poland due to a shortage of liquid CO2. A handful of other Belgian brewers are also affected by the issue, and concerns over contagion are growing.

“A couple of months ago, the industry worked like a Swiss watch,” said Krishan Maudgal, head of the Belgian Brewers Association. “Because of the new situation with rising gas prices, it has cascaded down the value chain.”

Ammonia, which is produced with natural gas, has been hard hit by the price surge sparked by Russia’s move to slash gas deliveries in retaliation over sanctions related to its invasion of Ukraine. A wave of shutdowns has left at least half of the region’s capacity offline, creating a crunch for fertilizer but also CO2 — a byproduct of the process.

Carbon dioxide is a vital part of the food industry. It’s used to stun livestock for slaughter, as well as in packaging to extend shelf life and for dry ice to keep items frozen during transport. 

British online grocery service Ocado Group Plc said on Tuesday that increased costs for things like dry ice and energy will likely weigh on profits in the fourth quarter, while shoppers tighten their purse strings. The combination signals how difficult it will be for companies to pass on higher expenses as households struggle to fulfill basic needs.

For Wittenberg Gemuese GmbH, the disruption of ammonia production has also meant a loss of the heating and hot water needed to operate its greenhouses. 

The German grower of tomatoes, strawberries and peppers relies on SKW Piesteritz GmbH for heat as well as CO2, but was left stranded when Germany’s biggest producer of ammonia and urea halted output last week.

“Without heating, nothing works here,” said Kevin van IJperen, manager of the facility, which is nearly three times as big as the Pentagon. “We were still lucky as the temperatures were mild in the last week. Had this happened later in the year, we would have had huge losses.”

The outage at SKW, which is in talks over a government bailout, poses other risks for Germany’s economy. The company covers about 40% of Germany’s demand for AdBlue, an additive used to make the exhaust of diesel vehicles less harmful. A shortage could force freight trucks off the road. 

In Sweden, Pagen, one the country’s biggest bakeries, joined other food producers to warn about risks to food supply from surging energy costs and the risks of blackouts. 

A one-second electricity disruption in June impacted Pagen’s production for four weeks, head of communications and sustainability Berith Apelgren told local media, adding that recurring outages would be “mind boggling.”

Back in Belgium, Prime Minister Alexander De Croo has warned that Europe’s economy risks a “full stop” from a domino effect caused by the energy crisis.

“That’s why I think that interventions in the gas market are the core thing,” he said in an interview. “If you do that right a lot of the other things are actually less important, because that’s the driving element.”