Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
Ogni anno, da trenta anni a questa parte, lo Spiegel ed i media occidentale piangono calde lacrime sulla terrifica crisi economica e finanziaria che avrebbe dovuto colpire entro pochi mesi la Cina, portandola alla catastrofe economica.
Tuttavia sono trenta anni consecutivi che le loro previsioni si rivelano essere del tutto fantasiose e sbagliate. Resta davvero difficile prestar loro ancora un qualche credito.
Rileggendo i loro articoli la prima cosa che salta agli occhi è il fatto che resta ben difficile comprendere di chi e cosa stiano parlando. I cinesi sono dipinti come il prototipo degli imbecilli, scriteriati ma, soprattutto, tetragoni a voler studiare ed applicare le teorie socio-politiche ed economiche dell’Occidente. Cosa nei fatti non vera, perché queste materie fanno parte dei corsi di storia politica ed economica: acqua passata.
In questo articolo, che alleghiamo in extenso, uno Spiegel sconsolato ed affranto deve constatare che la Cina è tuttora viva e vegeta, per quanto, a suo dire, sull’orlo della morte, e che essa ha scalzato la World Bank e l’International Monetary Fund, i funzionari dei quali passano oramai il loro tempo a giocare a scacchi, ed ad esercitarsi nella nobile arte della trasgressione degenere, tanto per non pensare allo spettro del licenziamento.
* * * * * * *
La Cina è diventata il maggior elargitore di fondi a livello mondiale, surclassando quelle istituzioni internazionali nelle quali il geloso Occidente non voleva farli entrare.
«China is the largest creditor in the world, funding infrastructure projects in the developing world in exchange for access to raw materials»
«China, after all, isn’t just directly financing 70 percent of the new train lain, it is also building dams, schools, military hospitals and has even launched a communications satellite into space for the country»
«the multilateral Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank based in Beijing, a financial institution that China established as an alternative to Western development banks»
«China isn’t just the largest creditor in Laos, but in the entire world»
«the billions of dollars from China are a welcome contribution to helping many underdeveloped regions in Asia and Africa expand infrastructure»
«Secretary of State Mike Pompeo last summer warning of China’s “attempt to weaponize capital.”»
«Furthermore, little is actually known about the loans. China’s foreign assets are now worth $6 trillion, but outside of the government in Beijing, nobody knows much about where that money has been invested and what conditions and risks are attached»
«The data shows that many countries in the poorer regions of the world have accepted far more credit from China than previously known. And the loans frequently come with onerous conditions that are strongly oriented toward Beijing’s strategic interests»
«The West still hasn’t understood how profoundly China’s rise has changed the international financial system»
«China exports more capital to developing and emerging countries than all other industrialized countries put together»
«Whereas Western governments and multilateral organizations generally attach low interest rates and long repayment periods to their loans, China tends to impose short periods and higher rates»
«To ensure that the loans are paid back, the contracts guarantee Beijing a number of rights, such as access to foodstuffs, raw materials or the profits of state-owned companies in the recipient countries»
«the Chinese government directs the money straight to Chinese companies that have been contracted to build airports, ports or dams, an approach that creates a closed financial loop without the involvement of a single foreign account»
«more than 75 percent of the direct aid loans provided in recent years have come from two state-run financial institutions: the Export-Import Bank of China and the China Development Bank»
«China has developed a new form of development aid in which state loans are provided at commercial terms»
«the amount of foreign debt held by China is around 50 percent higher than is documented by official statistics»
«But there is no end in sight to the flow of Chinese credit. The economic advantages for China are simply too great, as are the political benefits, particularly in Africa»
«Around 1.5 million Chinese are thought to be living and working in Africa, a group that includes entrepreneurs, IT experts, technicians and merchants»
«They have expanded infrastructure in Africa at an impressive pace, building dams, airports, train lines and industrial parks across the continent. In return, China has secured access to natural resources and African markets»
«Many of the Chinese projects have been beneficial for the recipient countries, …. After all, many countries in Africa are in dire need of modern infrastructure.»
«the Chinese government is willing to make concessions on repayment deadlines should it become necessary»
«in 36 African countries, 63 percent view China’s engagement in a positive light»
«African rulers prefer cooperation with China in part because it isn’t linked to moral stipulations like those demanded, on paper at least, by Western governments»
«The Chinese don’t pay much attention to human rights or democratic principles and also tend to ignore environmental concerns and minimum labor standards»
«And they don’t have too many scruples when it comes to bribing politicians»
* * * * * * *