Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Biden. Industria americana insorge contro eventuali sanzioni alla Russia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-28.

Casa Bianca

La grande industria americana insorge contro la possibilità che Joe Biden imponga alla Russia sanzioni che alla fine penalizzerebbero proprio l’industria americana stessa.

* * * * * * *

«U.S. President Joe Biden has threatened to impose devastating sanctions on Russia if leader Vladimir Putin invades Ukraine, but some big companies and business groups are pushing the White House and lawmakers to be cautious»

«A trade group representing Chevron, General Electric and other big U.S. corporations that do business in Russia is asking the White House to consider allowing companies to fulfill commitments and to weigh exempting products as it crafts any sanctions»

«At the same time, big energy companies are pushing Congress to limit their scope and time frame»

«Those details should include consideration of safe harbors or wind-down periods to enable companies to fulfill existing contracts and obligations, as well as carve-outs for lifesaving medicines and other humanitarian considerations consistent with longstanding U.S. policy»

«Energy companies have also reached out directly to U.S. lawmakers to press for a “cool down” or “wind down” period so their assets are not seized if they are unable to fulfill business agreements in Russia»

«The American Petroleum Institute, the largest U.S. lobbying organization for oil and gas drillers, has discussed sanctions on Russia with congressional offices»

«Export sanctions are typically phased in, giving companies time to wind down their existing business, or ensure delivery arrivals»

«Oil companies felt the aftermath of the U.S. sanctions on some of Russia’s more expensive drilling operations for years after Putin invaded Crimea in 2014»

«The measures forced Exxon Mobil out of Russia’s Arctic and ended the company’s collaboration with Russian state oil company Rosneft (ROSN.MM), with which it signed a $3.2 billion deal in 2011 to develop the region»

«Exxon’s argued the sanctions, which slowed work on a major discovery in the Kara Sea above the Arctic Circle, unfairly penalized U.S. companies while allowing foreign companies to operate in the country, one of the world’s largest oil producers»

«New sanctions could be broader, but also tricky to pull off without damage to Western companies»

«U.S. goods and services trade with Russia totaled an estimated $34.9 billion in 2019»

* * * * * * *

La grande industria occidentale è in aperta rivolta contro i governi liberal socialisti. Senza peli sulla lingua.

Pochi giorni or sono era stato il turno dei tedeschi.

Lituania. Le multinazionali tedesche premono a favore della Cina. Smacco della EU.

«Lithuania has become a no-go zone in China».

«China views …. Taiwan as its territory …. The covert form of trade sanctions came into being after Lithuania recently invited Taiwan, which China claims as its own territory, to open a “representative office” in Vilnius»

«China has told multinationals to sever ties with Lithuania or face being shut out of the Chinese market»

* * *

Nell’enclave liberal-socialista occidentale si amplia in continuazione la dicotomia tra una conduzione politica ideologizzata ed il comparto produttivo: a questo punto esigenze ed obiettivi sono diventati antitetici.

Le ideologie offuscano le menti e spingono ad un pensiero coatto, avulso dalla percezione del reale.

Ma ci si ricordi come la grande industria sia il principale finanziatore delle campagne elettorali, e che le elezioni di midterm si stano avvicinando.

* * *


U.S. companies push Biden, Congress for caution on Russia sanctions.

Washington, Jan 26 (Reuters) – U.S. President Joe Biden has threatened to impose devastating sanctions on Russia if leader Vladimir Putin invades Ukraine, but some big companies and business groups are pushing the White House and lawmakers to be cautious.

A trade group representing Chevron, General Electric and other big U.S. corporations that do business in Russia is asking the White House to consider allowing companies to fulfill commitments and to weigh exempting products as it crafts any sanctions. At the same time, big energy companies are pushing Congress to limit their scope and time frame.

The Biden administration and Congress need to “get the details right in case they must follow through on the threat of sanctions,” Jake Colvin, president of The National Foreign Trade Council, told Reuters Monday.

“Those details should include consideration of safe harbors or wind-down periods to enable companies to fulfill existing contracts and obligations, as well as carve-outs for lifesaving medicines and other humanitarian considerations consistent with longstanding U.S. policy,” Colvin said.

Energy companies have also reached out directly to U.S. lawmakers to press for a “cool down” or “wind down” period so their assets are not seized if they are unable to fulfill business agreements in Russia, a congressional aide told Reuters.

The American Petroleum Institute, the largest U.S. lobbying organization for oil and gas drillers, has discussed sanctions on Russia with congressional offices. “Sanctions should be as targeted as possible in order to limit potential harm to the competitiveness of U.S. companies,” an API spokesperson said.

Export sanctions are typically phased in, giving companies time to wind down their existing business, or ensure delivery arrivals, said William Reinsch, a former senior U.S. Commerce Department official.

But in this case, the sanctions are likely to be applied suddenly, in the middle of a crisis, making a “wind down” period more difficult to secure, he said.

The U.S. Treasury in the past has provided some mitigation measures on financial sanctions, such as granting licenses protecting senders of humanitarian aid and personal remittance flows to Afghanistan despite sanctions against the ruling Taliban.

A U.S. Treasury official declined to comment on any such measures regarding potential sanctions against Russia, but added: “We are prepared to deliver severe costs to the Russian economy while minimizing unwanted spillover.”

CRIMEA SANCTIONS LEGACY

Oil companies felt the aftermath of the U.S. sanctions on some of Russia’s more expensive drilling operations for years after Putin invaded Crimea in 2014.

The measures forced Exxon Mobil (XOM.N) out of Russia’s Arctic and ended the company’s collaboration with Russian state oil company Rosneft (ROSN.MM), with which it signed a $3.2 billion deal in 2011 to develop the region.

Exxon’s argued the sanctions, which slowed work on a major discovery in the Kara Sea above the Arctic Circle, unfairly penalized U.S. companies while allowing foreign companies to operate in the country, one of the world’s largest oil producers.

The 2014 sanctions hit the easiest targets in Russia’s high-tech exploration oil and gas projects in the Arctic, Siberian shale and deep sea.

New sanctions could be broader, but also tricky to pull off without damage to Western companies.

One possible “safe harbor” measure could protect companies from legal liability for sanctions violations if certain conditions were met, said Reinsch, such as showing that a shipment went to the sanctioned country without permission, perhaps from a third country.

Exxon did not immediately respond to a request for comment about any lobbying it is doing on the potential Russia sanctions.

A spokesman for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the largest lobbying group for American business, declined to comment on the topic.

U.S. goods and services trade with Russia totaled an estimated $34.9 billion in 2019, according to the U.S. Trade Representative’s office.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Germania. Dec21. Indice Prezzi Produzione, Ppi, +24.4% su Dec20. Weimar si avvicina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-28.

2022-01-25__ Germany PPI 001

                         In sintesi.

– the index of producer prices for industrial products increased by 24.2% compared with December 2020

– Energy prices as a whole were up 69.0% compared to December 2020

– strong price increases of natural gas (distribution) which was +121.9% on December 2020 and electricity (+74.3%)

* * *

– Prices of intermediate goods increased by 19.3% compared to December 2020

– the increase of metals’ prices, which were 36.1% up on December 2020

– Prices of metallic steel and ferro-alloys increased by 54.4%

– Prices of non-ferrous metals were up 24.5%

– price increases of secondary raw materials +69.1%

– wooden containers +66.9%

– fertilisers and nitrogen compounds +63.5 %

– sawn timber were up 61.5%

– packaging industry increased by 41.3%

– paperboard were up 30.3%

– prepared feeds for farm animals rose by 26.8%

– cereal flour by 21.5%

– the price increase of crude vegetable oils +54.5%

– Butter prices rose by 48.1%

– Beef prices increased by 18.8% compared to December 2020

– Energy prices were up 24.8% on the annual average of 2020

– In 2021 natural gas prices (distribution) rose by 41.7%

– prices of petroleum products by 27.6% and electricity prices by 25.1%

* * * * * * *

La Germania è in piena stagflazione.

È del tutto sequenziale che gli aumenti dei prezzi negli scambi tra i grossisti si ripercuotano poi sui prezzi al consumo, generando una spirale perversa che si autosostiene.

La puntigliosa elencazione di tutti i settori con significativi aumenti dei prezzi degli scambi tra grossisti è stata riportata per far comprendere meglio l’entità del disastro.

L’inflazione è una creatura satanica, come bene evidenzia la storia di Weimar.

* * * * * * *


Destatis. Producer prices in December 2021: +24.2% on December 2020.

Producer prices of industrial products (domestic market), December 2021

+5.0% on the previous month

+24.2% on the same month a year earlier

+10.5% on an annual average in 2021 compared to 2020

* * * * * * *

Wiesbaden – In December 2021, the index of producer prices for industrial products increased by 24.2% compared with December 2020. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office this was the highest increase ever compared to the corresponding month of the preceding year. Compared with the preceding month November 2021 the overall index rose by 5.0% in December 2021.

Mainly responsible for the increase of producer prices still was the price increase of energy.

                         Strong increase in prices for all energy sources

Energy prices as a whole were up 69.0% compared to December 2020 and by 15.7% compared to November 2021. Mainly responsible for the high rise of energy prices were the strong price increases of natural gas (distribution) which was +121.9% on December 2020 and electricity (+74.3%).

The overall index disregarding energy was 10.4% up on December 2020.

                         Significant price increase on intermediate goods, especially regarding metals, secondary raw materials, fertilisers and wood

Prices of intermediate goods increased by 19.3% compared to December 2020. Compared to November 2021 these prices were up 0.9 %. The highest impact on the price development of intermediate goods had the increase of metals’ prices, which were 36.1% up on December 2020. Prices of metallic steel and ferro-alloys increased by 54.4%. Prices of non-ferrous metals were up 24.5%.

Especially high were the price increases of secondary raw materials (+69.1%), of wooden containers (+66.9%) and of fertilisers and nitrogen compounds (+63.5 %), whose prices rose by 13.8% compared to the previous month November 2021. Prices of sawn timber were up 61.5%, but fell compared to the previous month for the fourth time in succession.

Compared to December 2020 prices of corrugated paper and paperboard, which are important for the packaging industry, increased by 41.3%, prices of paper and paperboard were up 30.3%. Prices of prepared feeds for farm animals rose by 26.8% and of cereal flour by 21.5%.

                         Growth in prices of non-durable consumer goods mainly due to increasing prices for oils and fat

Prices of non-durable consumer goods increased by 4.7% compared to December 2020 and rose by 0.8% compared to November 2021. From December 2020 to December 2021 food prices increased by 6.4%. Especially high was the price increase of crude vegetable oils (+54.5%). Butter prices rose by 48.1% (+7.6% compared to November 2021). Beef prices increased by 18.8% compared to December 2020, coffee prices by 10.6%.

Prices of capital goods, such as machines and vehicles, rose by 3.8%. Especially high was the price increase of parts and accessories of computing machines (+18.5%) and of metal structures and parts of structures (+17.9%). Prices of durable consumer goods increased by 3.7% compared to December 2020, mainly caused by the price development of furniture (+4.9%).

                         Results on the annual average of 2021

In 2021, the annual average index of producer prices for industrial products increased by 10.5% compared to the average index of 2020. In 2020 it had been down 1.0% on 2019.

The development of energy prices had the greatest impact on the development of the annual average of the total index due to its high rate of change in combination with its high weighting factor. Energy prices were up 24.8% on the annual average of 2020 (2020 compared to 2019: -4.0%). In 2021 natural gas prices (distribution) rose by 41.7%, prices of petroleum products by 27.6% and electricity prices by 25.1%.

Disregarding energy, producer prices increased by 6.1% compared to 2020 (unchanged in 2020 compared to 2019).

Prices of intermediate products rose by 12.5% compared to 2020 (-1.5% in 2020 compared to 2019). The price increase of metals (+25.4%) had the greatest impact on that development. Prices of metallic secondary raw materials were up 69.3%. Sawn timber prices rose by 52.5%, prices of wooden containers by 49.8% and those of prepared feeds for farm animals by 19.3%.

Prices of durable consumer goods increased by 2.3% compared to 2020, capital goods by 2.0%.

Prices of non-durable consumer goods increased by 1.1%, food prices were up 1.1% as well. Especially high was the price increase of crude vegetable oils (+35.9%). Butter prices were up 17.6%, sugar prices 10.3%. By contrast, pork prices fell by 11.1%.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Germania. Dec21. Harmonised Consumer Price Index. Inflazione. +5.7%, rispetto a Dec20.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-25.

2022-01-21__ Destatis 001

                         In sintesi.

– Consumer price index +5.3% on the same month a year earlier

– Harmonised index of consumer prices +5.7% on the same month a year earlier

– Consumers had to pay markedly more in 2021 for heating oil (+41.8%) and motor fuels (+22.6%)

– edible fats and oils (+5.3%)

– A year-on-year price increase was recorded especially for heating oil (+61.0%) and motor fuels (+33.8%)

– vegetable prices went up (+9.9%)

* * * * * * *


Destatis. Inflation rate in 2021: +3.1% on a year earlier. In December, inflation rate reached highest level in 2021 (+5.3%).

                         Consumer price index, December and year 2021

+5.3% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)

+0.5% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)

+3.1% on an annual average in 2021 compared with 2020 (provisional result confirmed)

                         Harmonised index of consumer prices, December and year 2021

+5.7% on the same month a year earlier (provisional result confirmed)

+0.3% on the previous month (provisional result confirmed)

+3.2% on an annual average in 2021 compared with 2020 (provisional result confirmed)

* * * * * * *

Wiesbaden − Consumer prices in Germany rose by 3.1% in 2021 on an annual average compared with 2020. The main reason was the high monthly inflation rates in the second half of 2021. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) also reports that the inflation rate in the previous year had been +0.5%. A higher year-on-year rate of price increase than in 2021 was last measured almost 30 years ago (1993: +4.5%).

In December 2021, the inflation rate, measured as the year-on-year change in the consumer price index, stood at +5.3%. It thus reached its highest level in 2021 at the end of the year.

                         High inflation rate in 2021 on 2020 has various reasons

The annual rate is mainly due to the high monthly inflation rates in the second half of 2021. “There are various reasons for the price development in 2021, which include base effects caused by the low prices in 2020. Especially the temporary reduction of value added tax rates in the second half of 2020 and the sharp decline in mineral oil product prices in the previous year had an upward effect on the current overall inflation rate”, said Dr. Georg Thiel, President of the Federal Statistical Office. “In addition to the temporary base effects of the past, there are more and more crisis-related effects such as delivery bottlenecks and marked price increases at upstream stages in the economic process. These are partly reflected in the consumer price index”.

                         Prices of energy products in particular up on an annual average in 2021

The prices of energy products were markedly up by 10.4% in 2021 year on year, following a 4.8% decrease in 2020. Consumers had to pay markedly more in 2021 for heating oil (+41.8%) and motor fuels (+22.6%). The prices of other household energy such as natural gas (+4.7%) and electricity (+1.4%) rose, too. Like the base effects, which were due to the very low prices in 2020, the CO2 charge introduced at the beginning of the year had an upward effect on prices here. Excluding energy prices, the annual rate of price increase in 2021 would have been +2.3%.

                         Food prices rose 3.2% in 2021 compared with 2020

Food prices rose 3.2% in 2021 compared with 2020. The price increase surged in the second half of 2021 due to the base effect caused by the reduction of value added tax rates. The prices of all food groups were markedly up in 2021, in particular edible fats and oils (+5.3%) and vegetables (+3.9%).

                         Prices of goods rose by 4.3% in 2021 on 2020, service prices by just 2.1%

The prices of goods (total) were up 4.3% on an annual average in 2021 on 2020, especially non-durable consumer goods recorded a 5.4% increase. The prices of durable consumer goods rose 2.4%, including vehicles (+4.5%) as well as furniture and lighting equipment (+3.2%). The prices of services (total) were up 2.1% in 2021 compared with the previous year. Net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.3%) had a downward effect on prices. Much stronger price increases were recorded for some services like, for example, services of social facilities (+5.4%), maintenance and repair of vehicles (+4.4%) as well as hairdresser services and other services for personal care (+4.0%). Telecommunications prices remained nearly unchanged (+0.1%), while for example long-distance rail tickets were slightly less expensive (-1.8%).

                         Inflation rate up 5.3% in December 2021, mainly because of higher energy prices

Overall, consumer prices increased by 5.3% in December 2021 compared with December 2020. This means that the monthly inflation rates continued to grow mainly in the second half of 2021. In addition to the base effect caused by the temporary reduction of value-added tax rates, the high inflation rate in December 2021 was again due to the prices of energy products. Energy prices exceeded the level of the previous year by 18.3%. CO2 pricing and the development of raw material prices had an additional impact. A year-on-year price increase was recorded especially for heating oil (+61.0%) and motor fuels (+33.8%). Food prices showed an above-average increase of 6.0% in the same period (November 2021: +4.5%). In particular vegetable prices went up (+9.9%). Excluding food and energy prices, the inflation rate of December 2021 would have been +3.7%. Excluding energy prices it would have stood at +3.8%.

In December 2021, the prices of goods (total) rose by 7.8% compared with the same month a year earlier. Apart from energy and food, consumers had to pay more for clothing and footwear (+5.5%). In contrast, the prices of services (total) were up by 3.1% over the same period. Price increases were recorded, for example, for net rents exclusive of heating expenses (+1.5%) and for some other services (such as maintenance and repair of vehicles: +6.0%; services of social facilities: +4.6%).

                         Food prices and prices of rail services increased month on month

Compared with November 2021, the consumer price index rose by 0.5% in December 2021. Rail tickets, for example, became more expensive as a result of the annual adjustments of railway fares in December (+2.3%). Food prices also went up (+1.1%, including vegetables: +3.7%). Energy prices however declined at the end of the year compared with the previous month, especially the prices of heating oil (-6.0%) and motor fuels (-4.1%).

Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime

Stagno. Dec21. Prezzi Ingrosso 40,351 Usd/Ton, +91.03% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-24.

2022-01-18__ Stagno 001

«Lo stagno è un elemento chimico nella tavola periodica che ha simbolo Sn e numero atomico 50. Questo metallo di post-transizione argenteo e malleabile, che non si ossida facilmente all’aria e resiste alla corrosione, si usa in molte leghe e per ricoprire altri metalli più vulnerabili alla corrosione. Lo stagno si ottiene soprattutto dalla cassiterite, un minerale in cui è presente sotto forma di ossido, e dalla stannite.

Lo stagno è un metallo molto malleabile e molto duttile bianco argenteo, con una struttura cristallina particolare che provoca uno stridio caratteristico quando una barra di stagno viene piegata (il rumore è causato dalla rottura dei cristalli): se riscaldato, perde la sua duttilità e diventa fragile. Questo metallo resiste alla corrosione da acqua marina, da acqua distillata e da acqua potabile, ma può essere attaccato da acidi forti, da alcali e da sali acidi. Lo stagno agisce da catalizzatore in presenza di ossigeno disciolto nell’acqua e accelera l’attacco chimico. ….

Lo stagno si lega facilmente col ferro ed è stato usato in passato per rivestire piombo, zinco e acciaio per impedirne la corrosione. I contenitori, lattine e scatolette, in banda stagnata (lamierino di acciaio stagnato) sono tuttora largamente usati per conservare i cibi, un uso che copre gran parte del mercato mondiale dello stagno metallico.

Alcune importanti leghe dello stagno sono: il bronzo nelle sue varie formulazioni (come la lega campanaria, il bronzo fosforoso e il bronzo statuario), il metallo di Babbitt, leghe die casting, il peltro, la lega da saldatore, il princisbecco e il White metal. ….

Il vetro delle finestre è molto spesso fabbricato raffreddando il vetro fuso facendolo galleggiare sopra una massa di stagno fuso, per ottenere una superficie piatta (è il famoso processo Pilkington). ….

Fogli di stagno (carta stagnola) erano un imballaggio per cibo e medicinali. Ormai sono stati soppiantati da sottilissimi fogli di alluminio laminato.

Nel 1900 la Malaysia produceva la metà di tutto lo stagno a livello mondiale» [Fonte]

2022-01-18__ Stagno 002

* * * * * * *


Cina, Indonesia e Myanmar sono i principali produttori di stagno con 85,000, 80,000 e 54,000 tonnellate annue, rispettivamente.

Per quanto invece riguarda le riserve, la Cina ne detiene 1,500,000 tonnellate e l’Indonesia 800,000, su di un totale mondiale di 4,800,000 tonnellate.

Da quanto su detto, dovrebbe risultare essere evidente quanto lo stagno sia strategico e non sostituibile nei processi produttivi, specie quelli della conservazione inscatolata degli alimenti.

Orbene, una variazione del +91.03% anno su anno raddoppia i costi produttivi. In particolare l’enclave liberal socialista occidentale è costretta ad importare questa materia prima, dalla quale dipende.

Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale

Mondo. Stagflazione. Prostituzione. I prezzi sono crollati.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-20.

Prosituzione 999

Havoscope redige un listino prezzi aggiornato a livello mondiale delle prestazioni sessuali delle prostitute.

I prezzi dipendono dalla età e dalla gradevolezza delle ragazze, nonché dalla tipologia delle prestazioni richieste.

Le ragazze giovani e belle hanno prezzi maggiori di quelle meno giovani e bruttine.

Infine, i prezzi dipendono molto dalla situazione economica del paese ove sono stati rilevati e dalle prestazioni erogate.

In ogni caso, dal nostro punto di vista, si constata come nel volgere di meno di due anni i prezzi medi siano crollati di tre volte circa.

Questo dato è di interesse, perché la prostituzione è l’unico mercato ragionevolmente libero, ove i prezzi richiesti si adeguano anche molto rapidamente alle situazioni socio – economiche al contorno: Per questo motivo sono un ottimo indicatore della reale situazione economica di una nazione.

Per esempio, una ragazzina di tredici anni costa 5.5 Usd in Brasile, mentre in Germania una prostituta richiede in media 65 Usd per incontro.

Nel Regno Unito una peripatetica chiede 20 Usd, mentre negli Stati Uniti con 40 – 100 Usd si possono ottenere dai 15 ai 30 minuti di incontro con una ragazza minorenne.

* * * * * * *

Questi dati dovrebbero dare da pensare su quanto morda la stagflazione sulle popolazioni.

* * * * * * *


Number of Prostitutes in the World: 13,828,700

  1. China 5 Million
  2. India 3 Million
  3. United States 1 Million
  4. Philippines 800,000
  5. Mexico 500,000
  6. Germany 400,000
  7. Brazil 250,000 children
  8. Thailand 250,000
  9. Bangladesh 200,000
  10. South Korea 147,000
  11. Turkey 118,000
  12. Taiwan 100,000
  13. Cambodia 70,000
  14. Ukraine 67,500
  15. United Kingdom 58,000

* * * * * * *


Prostitution Revenue By Country

  1. China $73 Billion
  2. Spain $26.5 Billion
  3. Japan $24 Billion
  4. Germany $18 Billion (Legal Industry)
  5. United States $ 14.6 Billion
  6. South Korea $12 Billion
  7. India $8.4 Billion
  8. Thailand $6.4 Billion
  9. Philippines $6 Billion
  10. Turkey $4 Billion
  11. Switzerland $3.5 Billion
  12. Indonesia $2.25 Billion
  13. Taiwan $1.84 Billion
  14. Ukraine $1.5 Billion
  15. Bulgaria $1.3 Billion
  16. United Kingdom $1 Billion

* * * * * * *


2022-01-18__ Prostituzione 001

2022-01-18__ Prostituzione 002

2022-01-18__ Prostituzione 003

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Indonesia. Dec21. Import +47.93% Export +35.30% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-19.

2022-01-18__ Indonesia 001

                         In sintesi.

– The value of Indonesia’s exports in December 2021 …. rose 35.30 percent compared to December 2020

– Imports of Indonesia in December 2021 …. increased by 47.93 percent compared with December 2020

– exports of mining and others increased by 92.15 percent compared to the same period in 2020

– The main country destinations of non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 were China at US$5.10 billion, United States at US$2.64 billion, and Japan at US$1.70 billion

* * * * * * *

L’Indonesia è la dimostrazione vivente di come un sistema economico produttivo sano possa non solo sopravvivere ma anche crescere pur dovendo operare in un contesto mondiale in stagflazione.

L’Indonesia è ricca di minerali, che estrae e vende bene, essendo sempre richiesti dai mercati internazionali.

Questa è la chiave del successo: produrre bene richiesti dal mercato senza preclusioni ideologiche.

* * * * * * *


Exports in December 2021 reached US$22.38 billion, imports reached to US$21.36 billion.

                         EXPORT

– The value of Indonesia’s exports in December 2021 reached US$22.38 billion, decreased 2.04 percent compared to exports in November 2021 but rose 35.30 percent compared to December 2020.

– Non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 reached US$21.28 billion, decreased 1.06 percent compared to November 2021 but rose 37.13 percent compared to December 2020.

– Cumulatively, Indonesia’s exports from January to December 2021 reached US$231.54 billion, increased 41.88 percent over the same period in 2020. Likewise, non-oil and gas exports reached US$219.27 billion or increased 41.52 percent.

– The highest decrease in non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 was mineral fuels commodity, in amount of US$880.4 million or decreased 21.32 percent from November 2021. The highest increase was animal or vegetable fats and oils commodity, in amount of US$428.8 million or increased 16.84 percent.

– By industry classification, exports of manufacturing products during period January−December 2021 increased by 35.11 percent, exports of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries increased by 2.86 percent, and exports of mining and others increased by 92.15 percent compared to the same period in 2020.

– The main country destinations of non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 were China at US$5.10 billion, United States at US$2.64 billion, and Japan at US$1.70 billion, with the contribution of the three reaching 44.34 percent. Meanwhile, exports to ASEAN and the European Union (27 countries) amounted to US$3.93 billion and US$1.71 billion, respectively.

– According to the province of origin, Indonesia’s largest exports in January– December 2021 came from Jawa Barat Province with a value of US$33.86 billion (14.62 percent), followed by Kalimantan Timur Province at US$24.32 billion (10.50 percent) and Jawa Timur Province at US$23.00 billion (9.94 percent).

                         IMPORT

– Imports of Indonesia in December 2021 were worth US$21.36 billion, rose by 10.51 percent compared with November 2021, or increased by 47.93 percent compared with December 2020.

– Imports of oil and gas in December 2021 were worth US$3.38 billion, rose by 11.66 percent compared with November 2021, or inclined by 127.95 percent compared with December 2020.

– Imports of non-oil and gas in December 2021 were worth US$17.98 billion, rose by 10.29 percent compared with November 2021, or grew by 38.78 percent compared with December 2020.

– The most significant increase in imports of non-oil and gas in December 2021 was machinery/mechanical appliances and parts thereof which rose by US$401.5 million (15.24 percent). On the other hand, cereals experienced the highest decrease, which reduced by US$135.2 million (38.63 percent).

– The largest trading partner countries of non-oil and gas imports in January– December 2021 were China US$55.74 billion (32.66 percent), Japan US$14.61 billion (8.56 percent), and Thailand US$9.08 billion (5.32 percent). Imports of nonoil and gas from ASEAN and EU countries were US$29.31 billion (17.17 percent) and US$10.97 billion (6.43 percent), respectively.

– Based on Broad Economic Categories (BEC), total of Indonesia imports in January– December 2021 rose US$5,529.5 million (37.73 percent) for consumption goods, US$44,174.2 million (42.80 percent) for intermediate goods, and US$4,924.1 million (20.77 percent) for capital goods.

– Indonesia’s balance of trade in December 2021 experienced a surplus of US$1.02 billion, which was mainly affected by a surplus of non-oil and gas of US$3.30 billion. On the other hand, there was a deficit of US$2.28 billion in oil and gas.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Germania in piena stagflazione già evidente nei dati dell’ultimo trimestre. – Bloomberg.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-19.

2022-01-16__ Germania 001

«German economic system heads for recession after shrinking final quarter»

«Germany is headed for its second recession of the pandemic after the emergence of the coronavirus’s omicron pressure compounded drags on output from provide snarls and the quickest inflation in three a long time»

«Europe’s largest financial system shrank by 0.5% to 1% within the remaining quarter of 2021»

«all predict one other contraction this quarter»

«For the entire of final 12 months, gross home product rose 2.7%  — matching estimates however nonetheless wanting its pre-crisis stage»

«The dimensions of the year-end stoop got here as a shock after the Bundesbank final month signaled solely a slight decline was seemingly»

«In the meantime, energy and heating prices have soared, whereas microchips and different inputs for factories stay scarce»

«bottlenecks are persisting, the surge in vitality costs is barely now reaching shoppers, and companies are weakened by the virus»

«output falling 0.8% between January and March»

«A big share of Germany’s struggles is rooted in its outsized reliance on manufacturing»

«Carmakers are struggling essentially the most, with nearly a fifth of workers within the trade furloughed in December …. with nearly a fifth of workers within the trade furloughed in December»

«Volkswagen reported 2021 gross sales declined to the bottom in a decade and warned chip provide will stay tight within the first half.»

«However inflation is an impediment. costs in Europe jumped to the best stage in per week on Friday amid tensions over Ukraine, suggesting client vitality prices — already rising at an annual tempo of just below 20% — might enhance additional»

«Practically 80% of non-food retailers surveyed by trade group HDE have been sad with end-of-year gross sales»

* * * * * * *

La Germania è in stagflazione. L’Indice dei Prezzi alla Produzione è il 19.2% anno su anno, l’Indice dei Prezzi al Consumo è il 5.3%. La Produzione Industriale vale -0.2%, le Vendite al Dettaglio -2.9% e le Immatricolazioni delle Automobili registrano un -31.7%.

A ciò si aggiungano i grandiosi piani Grüne, costosissimi, e la stagflazione è in tavola.

Poi, uscirne, saranno lacrime amare.

* * * * * * *


German Economy Heads for Recession After Shrinking Last Quarter. – Bloomberg.

German Economic system Heads for Recession After Shrinking Final Quarter

(Bloomberg) — Germany is headed for its second recession of the pandemic after the emergence of the coronavirus’s omicron pressure compounded drags on output from provide snarls and the quickest inflation in three a long time.

Europe’s largest financial system shrank by 0.5% to 1% within the remaining quarter of 2021, based on an estimate launched Friday by the Federal Statistics Workplace. With new Covid-19 instances at a document and the important thing manufacturing trade nonetheless struggling to supply elements, Dekabank, NordLB and ABN Amro all predict one other contraction this quarter.

For the entire of final 12 months, gross home product rose 2.7%  — matching estimates however nonetheless wanting its pre-crisis stage. Germany’s restoration trails France, Italy and Spain, that are anticipated to report 2021 expansions of 4.5% or extra later this month.

The dimensions of the year-end stoop got here as a shock after the Bundesbank final month signaled solely a slight decline was seemingly. However there’s little signal issues will enhance quickly. 

Germany reported greater than 90,000 day by day new infections on Friday, threatening workers shortages, manufacturing cuts and doubtlessly tighter restrictions. In the meantime, energy and heating prices have soared, whereas microchips and different inputs for factories stay scarce.

“I don’t have an entire lot of creativeness for optimistic impulses — provide bottlenecks are persisting, the surge in vitality costs is barely now reaching shoppers, and companies are weakened by the virus,” stated Andreas Scheuerle, an economist at Dekabank who sees output falling 0.8% between January and March.

The spring, nevertheless, ought to mark a resumption within the pandemic rebound. 

“Covid shouldn’t play a serious position anymore throughout the summer time — vitality costs ought to have been digested and supply-chain issues could have eased by then,” Scheuerle stated. “So within the second and third quarters, we must always see strong progress.”

The Bundesbank expects “vital momentum” from the spring onward, predicting full-year enlargement of 4.2%. Bloomberg Economics expects output to bounce again already within the first quarter — by at the very least 0.7% — as infections drop.

A big share of Germany’s struggles is rooted in its outsized reliance on manufacturing — a boon throughout earlier crises that changed into a legal responsibility as inputs turned tougher to search out. Carmakers are struggling essentially the most, with nearly a fifth of workers within the trade furloughed in December.

Volkswagen AG (OTC:) reported 2021 gross sales declined to the bottom in a decade and warned chip provide will stay tight within the first half.

“Transferring into 2022, the financial state of affairs doesn’t appear to have improved,” stated Aline Schuiling, senior economist at ABN Amro. “It received’t take a lot to slide into recession, although if fears of omicron wane throughout the first quarter, the decline in output might transform barely lower than on the finish of final 12 months.”

Extra stringent guidelines on vaccination could ease some stress on the financial system. Chancellor Olaf Scholz reaffirmed his assist on Wednesday for making pictures obligatory for all adults, whereas Volkswagen (DE:) stepped up its personal vaccination push.

However inflation is an impediment. costs in Europe jumped to the best stage in per week on Friday amid tensions over Ukraine, suggesting client vitality prices — already rising at an annual tempo of just below 20% — might enhance additional.

Whereas the federal government is contemplating assist for households struggling to pay surging payments and extra financial savings accrued throughout lockdowns could cushion a number of the blow, store house owners are frightened.

Practically 80% of non-food retailers surveyed by trade group HDE have been sad with end-of-year gross sales, which have been additionally damage by guidelines banning unvaccinated clients who hadn’t recovered from the virus.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Fisco e Tasse

PMI. Energia elettrica +75.6%, gas +133.5% rispetto le grandi imprese.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-18.

2022-01-17__ Bolletta 001

«L’associazione degli artigiani: “Trattamento di ‘sfavore’ rispetto alle grandi realtà produttive»

«il nostro Paese non è a misura di piccole imprese»

«I dati parlano di un 75% in più per l’energia e un 133% in più per il gas»

«Il caro energia sta colpendo indistintamente tutte le nostre imprese, anche se le piccole, ben prima degli aumenti boom registrati negli ultimi mesi, subiscono un trattamento di ‘sfavore’ rispetto alle grandi realtà produttive»

«Questo differenziale, a scapito dei piccoli, colpisce anche le realtà di pari dimensioni presenti nel resto d’Europa, sebbene negli altri Paesi questo gap sia più contenuto del nostro»

«Sebbene queste ultime costituiscono oltre il 99% delle aziende presenti in Italia, diano lavoro ad oltre il 60 per cento degli addetti del settore privato e siano la componente caratterizzante il made in Italy nel mondo, continuano ad essere ingiustificatamente discriminate»

«non sono poche le attività che hanno organici ridotti all’osso»

«Rispetto alla media europea, invece, i nostri piccoli imprenditori pagano mediamente il 15% in più»

«tariffa più elevata …. nel nostro Paese per ogni MWh (Iva esclusa) consumati è pari a 53,7 euro, registriamo una variazione di prezzo rispetto alla media dei paesi che utilizzano la moneta unica del +7,6%»

«Sempre nel primo semestre 2021, per la bolletta elettrica, ad esempio, in riferimento alle piccole imprese il 40,7% del costo totale è riconducibile a tasse e oneri: la media dell’Area euro, invece, è del 35,7%»

«Per quella del gas, invece, se in Italia l’incidenza percentuale della tassazione sul costo totale a carico delle piccole aziende è del 27%, nell’Area euro si attesta attorno al 25%»

* * * * * * *

I dati numerici sono questi.

Sarebbe sufficiente eliminare dalla bolletta dell’energia elettrica il carico del 40.7% di tasse ed oneri per dare respiro a questo comparto produttivo.

* * * * * * *


Le Pmi pagano di più elettricità e gas rispetto alle grandi aziende. L’analisi della Cgia.

L’associazione degli artigiani: “Trattamento di ‘sfavore’ rispetto alle grandi realtà produttive. Se ancora ce ne fosse bisogno, questa è un’ulteriore dimostrazione che il nostro Paese non è a misura di piccole imprese”. I dati parlano di un 75% in più per l’energia e un 133% in più per il gas.

“Il caro energia sta colpendo indistintamente tutte le nostre imprese, anche se le piccole, ben prima degli aumenti boom registrati negli ultimi mesi, subiscono un trattamento di ‘sfavore’ rispetto alle grandi realtà produttive”. Questa è la posizione presa dalla Cgia di Mestre.

Secondo gli ultimi dati Eurostat relativi al primo semestre 2021, infatti, le piccole aziende pagano l’energia elettrica il 75,6% e il gas addirittura il 133,5% in più delle grandi. “Questo differenziale, a scapito dei piccoli, colpisce anche le realtà di pari dimensioni presenti nel resto d’Europa, sebbene negli altri Paesi questo gap sia più contenuto del nostro”.

“Se ancora ce ne fosse bisogno, questa è un’ulteriore dimostrazione che il nostro Paese non è a misura di piccole imprese. Sebbene queste ultime costituiscono oltre il 99% delle aziende presenti in Italia, diano lavoro ad oltre il 60 per cento degli addetti del settore privato e siano la componente caratterizzante il made in Italy nel mondo, continuano ad essere ingiustificatamente discriminate”, spiega l’analisi della Cgia.

                         Ormai si lavora di notte

In questa prima settimana di rientro dopo le vacanze natalizie, ad esempio, molte di queste realtà hanno deciso di introdurre o di potenziare il turno di notte per abbattere i costi energetici. Pertanto, tra assenze legate al Covid e la necessità di rimodulare il ciclo produttivo per tagliare il costo delle bollette, non sono poche le attività che hanno organici ridotti all’osso e grosse difficoltà a garantire processi produttivi efficienti.

                         Le misure introdotte dal governo 

Per abbattere i costi delle bollette di luce e gas il Governo Draghi a messo a punto una serie di interventi che sono entrati in vigore nella seconda parte del 2021, per un importo complessivo pari a 8,5 miliardi di euro. I principali sono:

  1. La conferma dell’azzeramento degli oneri generali di sistema applicato alle utenze elettriche domestiche e alle utenze non domestiche in bassa tensione, per altri usi, con potenza disponibile fino a 16,5 kW e la sostanziale riduzione degli oneri per le restanti utenze elettriche non domestiche;
  2. Per tutte le utenze la riduzione dell’Iva al 5% del il gas naturale;
  3. L’annullamento, già previsto nel quarto trimestre 2021, degli oneri di sistema per il gas naturale, per tutte le utenze, domestiche e non domestiche;
  4. Il potenziamento del bonus applicato ai clienti domestici del settore elettrico e del gas naturale in condizione economicamente svantaggiata ed ai clienti domestici in gravi condizioni di salute.

                         I piccoli sono più penalizzati

In merito alle tariffe dell’energia elettrica, ad aver aumentato lo storico differenziale tra piccole e grandi imprese ha contribuito l’entrata in vigore, dal primo gennaio 2018, della riforma degli energivori. L’effetto prodotto da questa novità legislativa, che prevede un costo agevolato dell’energia elettrica per le grandi industrie, di fatto ha azzerato a queste ultime la voce ‘Oneri e Imposte’, ridistribuendola a carico di tutte le altre categorie di imprese escluse dalle agevolazioni, spiega la Cgia. 

È altresì vero che a seguito delle misure messe in campo dal Governo Draghi nella seconda parte del 2021, questo gap si è leggermente ridotto. Per quanto concerne il gas, invece, il divario tariffario è riconducibile al fatto che tutte le grandi imprese ricevono dai fornitori delle offerte personalizzate con un prezzo stabilito su misura e sulla base delle proprie necessità.

Pertanto, in sede di trattativa, il peso dei consumi è determinante per ‘strapparè al fornitore una tariffa molto vantaggiosa. Possibilità che, ovviamente, alle piccole imprese è preclusa. Va altresì ricordato che nel mercato libero le offerte di prezzo possono interessare solo la componente energia; le altre voci di spesa – come le spese di trasporto, gli oneri di sistema, la gestione del contatore etc. – sono stabilite periodicamente dall’Autorità per l’Energia e sono uguali per tutti i fornitori.

                         Anche in Europa le Pmi pagano di più

Concentrando l’attenzione solo sulle piccole imprese, dal confronto con le realtà produttive europee di pari dimensione emerge che in Italia i costi energetici sono tra i più elevati. Tra tutti i paesi dell’Area euro, infatti, solo rispetto alla Germania le nostre imprese pagano meno (del 12,6%).

Rispetto alla media europea, invece, i nostri piccoli imprenditori pagano mediamente il 15% in più. Quando si analizza il costo del gas, invece, tra i Paesi dell’Area euro le Pmi italiane sono al terzo posto (dopo Finlandia e Portogallo) per la tariffa più elevata. Se, come riportato più sopra, quella mediamente applicata nel nostro Paese per ogni MWh (Iva esclusa) consumati è pari a 53,7 euro, registriamo una variazione di prezzo rispetto alla media dei paesi che utilizzano la moneta unica del +7,6%.

                         L’incidenza delle imposte è al top

Assieme all’andamento del costo della materia prima, in Italia la componente fiscale è l’altra voce che contribuisce in maniera determinante ad innalzare il costo delle tariffe. Sempre nel primo semestre 2021, per la bolletta elettrica, ad esempio, in riferimento alle piccole imprese il 40,7% del costo totale è riconducibile a tasse e oneri: la media dell’Area euro, invece, è del 35,7%.

Per quella del gas, invece, se in Italia l’incidenza percentuale della tassazione sul costo totale a carico delle piccole aziende è del 27%, nell’Area euro si attesta attorno al 25%. “Come segnalavamo più sopra, va comunque ricordato che a seguito delle misure messe in campo dal Governo Draghi, l’incidenza del peso del fisco sul costo complessivo delle tariffe energetiche è leggermente diminuito”, conclude la Cgia. 

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Eurozona. Nov21. Produzione Industriale -1.5% su Nov20. – Eurostat.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-16.

2022-01-14__ Eurostat 001

Euro zone output falls in Nov vs year earlier, defying growth expectation

Brussels, Jan 12 (Reuters) – Euro zone industrial production fell in November from a year earlier, the European Union’s statistics office Eurostat said on Wednesday, defying market expectations of a small increase mainly due to a sharp drop in the output of capital goods.

Eurostat said industrial output in the 19 countries sharing the euro rose 2.3% month-on-month but still fell 1.5% year-on-year. Economists polled by Reuters had expected a 0.5% monthly rise and a 0.6% annual gain.

Figures for October were also sharply revised downwards to a decline of 1.3% in the month and a 0.2% year-on-year gain from previously reported rises of respectively 1.1% and 3.3%

The surprise year-on-year fall in November was mainly caused by a 9.8% slump in the production of capital goods, which pulled down the overall reading despite a 4.4% rise for durable consumer goods and a 6.1% rise for non-durable consumer goods.

2022-01-14__ Eurostat 002

* * * * * * *

L’Eurozona è in stagflazione: alta inflazione e produzione industriale in contrazione.

Si noti come Germania e Francia siano anche esse in contrazione, essendo la produzione industriale di -2.5% e -0.2%, rispettivamente. Il dato italiano non è al momento disponibile.

* * * * * * *

Eurostat. November 2021 compared with October 2021. Industrial production up by 2.3% in euro area and by 2.5% in the EU. Down by 1.5% and unchanged compared with November 2020.

In November 2021, the seasonally adjusted industrial production rose by 2.3% in the euro area and by 2.5% in the EU, compared with October 2021, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In October 2021, industrial production fell by 1.3% in the euro area and by 0.8% in the EU.

In November 2021 compared with November 2020, industrial production decreased by 1.5% in the euro area and remained unchanged in the EU.

                         Monthly comparison by main industrial grouping and by Member State

In the euro area in November 2021, compared with October 2021, production of non-durable consumer goods rose by 3.2%, capital goods by 1.5%, energy by 1.2% and intermediate goods by 0.9%, while production of durable consumer goods fell by 0.2%.

In the EU, production of non-durable consumer goods rose by 3.0%, capital goods by 2.3%, intermediate goods by 1.4%, energy by 0.9% and durable consumer goods by 0.1%.

Among Member States for which data are available, the largest monthly increases were registered in Ireland (+37.3%), Poland (+5.9%) and Czechia (+4.8%). The highest decreases were observed in Belgium (-4.4%), Malta (-3.7%) and Luxembourg (-2.3%).

                         Annual comparison by main industrial grouping and by Member State

In the euro area in November 2021, compared with November 2020, production of capital goods fell by 9.8%, while intermediate goods rose by 1.9%, energy by 3.7%, durable consumer goods by 4.4% and non-durable consumer goods by 6.1%.

In the EU, production of capital goods fell by 8.2%, while intermediate goods rose by 2.8%, durable consumer goods by 4.9%, energy by 6.7% and non-durable consumer goods by 7.3%.

Among Member States for which data are available, the largest annual decreases were registered in Ireland (-30.4%), Malta (-7.8%), Germany and Luxembourg (both -2.5%). The highest increases were observed in Lithuania (+17.0%), Poland (+15.3%) and Bulgaria (+13.3%).

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Germania. Dec21. Indice Pressi Ingrosso, WPI, +16.1% su Dec20. – Destatis.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-16.

2022-01-13__ Germany wholesales 001

«A wholesale price index (WPI) is an index that measures and tracks the changes in the price of goods in the stages before the retail level. This refers to goods that are sold in bulk and traded between entities or businesses (instead of between consumers). Usually expressed as a ratio or percentage, the WPI shows the included goods’ average price change; it is often seen as one indicator of a country’s level of inflation»

* * * * * * *

Destatis. Wholesale prices in 2021: +9.8% on 2020

                         Wholesale selling prices, December 2021

+0.2% on the previous month

+16.1% on the same month a year earlier

                         Wholesale selling prices, 2021

+9.8% on an annual average in 2021 compared to 2020

* * * * * * *

Wiesbaden – In 2021 the average index of selling prices in wholesale trade was 9.8% higher than the average index of 2020. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), this was largely due to the higher annual average prices for mineral oil products (+32,0%) and for metals and metal ores (+44.3%). This was also influenced by a base effect due to the low price levels for many raw materials in 2020 in the context of the corona crisis.

Increased annual average selling prices in wholesale trade of waste and scrap (+74.2), as well as grain, unmanufactured tobacco and seeds (+21.8%) also contributed to the higher annual average index in 2021.

                         Wholesale selling prices in December 2021: +16.1% on December 2020

In December 2021 the selling prices in wholesale trade were 16.1% higher than in December 2020. In November 2021 and in October 2021 the annual rates of change had been +16.6% and +15.2%, respectively.

From November 2021 to December 2021, the index rose by 0.2%.

The high rates of change for wholesale prices mainly derive from increased prices for raw materials and intermediate products. The largest impact in December 2021 had the increased prices for mineral oil products (+50.6%).