Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Putin, Russia

Russia. Riserve Valutarie salite a 537.2 miliardi Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-10-24.

2019-10-24__Russia Riserve Valutarie

The Central Bank of the Russian Federation ha comunicato che le riserve valutarie ammontano a 537.2 miliardi Usd.

Il 10 gennaio di questo anno erano 466.9 miliardi Usd: in poco meno di un anno sono aumentate di 70.3 miliardi Usd.

Per comparazione, le riserve valutarie della eurozona ammontavano a 827 miliardi di euro.

Le riserve auree russe ammontano invece a 2,241.88 tonnellate.

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Putin, Russia

Russia. Putin inizia a fare sul serio. Con successo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-10-06.

Russo-Baltique Vodka

Russo-Baltique Vodka.


Questa era una operazione mai riuscita in Russia, a partire dai decreti mai attuati di Alessandro I Pavlovič zar di Russia.

«Russian alcohol consumption decreased by 43% from 2003 to 2016»

«It attributed the decline to a series of alcohol-control measures implemented by the state, and a push towards healthy lifestyles»

«the drop in alcohol consumption was linked to a significant rise in life expectancy»

«Alcohol consumption has long been recognised as one of the main driving factors of mortality in the Russian Federation, especially among men of working age»

«But from 2003 to 2018, alcohol consumption and mortality decreased, with the most significant changes occurring in causes of death linked to alcohol»

«Alcohol-control measures introduced under former President Dmitry Medvedev included advertising restrictions, increased taxes on alcohol and a ban on alcohol sales between certain hours. The restrictions on alcohol are one of the most striking changes in Russia in recent years»

«In Moscow, the all-night kiosks crammed full of vodka, beer – and whole, dried fish taped to the glass – are long gone. You can only buy alcohol in shops, or from delivery firms, until 11pm. That includes beer which wasn’t even classed as booze in the old days»

* * * * * * *

Una così consistente diminuzione del consumo di superalcoolici è anche un segno indiretto della crecita di una nuova classe media.


Russian alcohol consumption down 43%, WHO report says

Russian alcohol consumption decreased by 43% from 2003 to 2016, a World Health Organization (WHO) report says.

It attributed the decline to a series of alcohol-control measures implemented by the state, and a push towards healthy lifestyles.

The WHO said the drop in alcohol consumption was linked to a significant rise in life expectancy.

It noted that Russia had previously been considered one of the heaviest-drinking countries in the world.

“Alcohol consumption has long been recognised as one of the main driving factors of mortality in the Russian Federation, especially among men of working age,” the report said.

But from 2003 to 2018, alcohol consumption and mortality decreased, with the most significant changes occurring in causes of death linked to alcohol.

In 2018, life expectancy in Russia reached a historic peak, at 68 years for men and 78 years for women.

Alcohol-control measures introduced under former President Dmitry Medvedev included advertising restrictions, increased taxes on alcohol and a ban on alcohol sales between certain hours.

The restrictions on alcohol are one of the most striking changes in Russia in recent years.

In Moscow, the all-night kiosks crammed full of vodka, beer – and whole, dried fish taped to the glass – are long gone. You can only buy alcohol in shops, or from delivery firms, until 11pm. That includes beer which wasn’t even classed as booze in the old days.

And if you do buy a bottle, you can forget drinking it in the street. That’s banned here now, and police fines are common enough for most people to stick to the rules.

Alongside the new restrictions, there’s been a big push on healthy living that’s coincided with an expansion of the middle class. Many Russians are increasingly health-conscious, like their European and American counterparts – and like their president, who’s filled calendars with his action-man photoshoots over the years.

But drinking patterns are linked to wealth as well as health. In poorer communities, away from the big cities, drinking cheap surrogates and home-made alcohol is still common.

Pubblicato in: Demografia, Devoluzione socialismo, Putin, Russia

Russia. Il problema demografico. È in via di risoluzione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-24.

2019-07-10__Russia_Demografia__001

La demografia dei paesi derivati dal crollo dell’URSS è segnata dalle stigmate di settanta anni di comunismo, dal trauma sociale, politico ed economico dell’implosione del sistema e dalla profondità della crisi economica che ne è derivata.

Dopo la lunga, agonica conduzione di Mr Brèžnev, periodo di stagnazione sociale ed economica, al crollo del sistema nulla era stato approntato per sostituirlo. Due uniche istituzioni quelle più o meno sopravvissute con almeno una parvenza di efficienza: le forze armate nella loro componente di armamenti nucleari e l’allora Kgb e Gru.

La sorte dette alla Russia l’equivalente di quel grande statista che fu Deng Xiaoping: Mr El’cin.

In Occidente è uomo deriso e vilipeso, odiato perché è a Lui che si deve l’inizio della ricostruzione della Russia sulle macerie fumanti del materialismo storico. Uomo incredibilmente pratico, classico frutto russo, prese lucidamente atto della situazione e fece l’unica cosa logica da fare in quel momento. Disse ai russi: “Arricchitevi, non mi importa come, ma arricchitevi“. E questi si diedero un gran da fare. Seguirono dieci anni di apparente totale anarchia, ed anche di palesi ingiustizie.

Se il pil russo era 516 miliardi Usd nel 1990, nel 2000 era sceso a 278, mentre il pil procapite era crollato da 3,502 Usd a 1,899 Usd. Questi numeri indicano chiaramente quante lacrime e sangue sia costata la ricostruzione: l’obiettivo primario era quello di far crescere una classe, piccola a piacere, ma presente, di ricchi straricchi. Solo i ricchissimi avrebbero potuto finanziare la nascente ripresa economica. El’cin aveva fatto quello che mille anni prima avevano fatto le Repubbliche di Venezia e di Genova.

Agli inizi degli anni 2000 Gru e Kgb misero al potere Putin, degno successore di El’cin.

Con l’avvento di Mr Putin tutto cambia. La Russia doveva rientrare in un sistema grosso modo legale, ricostituire la autorità centrale dello stato.  Domare gli oligarchi non fu cosa semplice, e Mr Putin usò talora una mano ben pesante. Gli obiettivi erano, in ordine strategico:

– ricostituire il comparto produttivo, per iniziare a generare ricchezza generalizzata;

– ricostituire le forze armate alla pristina potenza mondiale, perché senza di esse nessuna politica estera sarebbe possibile;

– da ultimo, il welfare, ma solo da ultimo.

È un programma che ricalca strettamente quello a suo tempo fatto da Ciro il Grande, quando da un popolo misero e disarmato ne fece i padroni del mondo di allora. Siamo chiari: solo popoli come quello russo o quello cinese avevano, hanno, la resistenza morale per seguire una simile strada, del tutto aliena alla mentalità occidentale.

Se l’Occidente odiava e sbeffeggiava El’cin, odio ben maggiore riserva a Mr Putin. Si erano creduti di aver potuto eliminare la Russia dal contesto mondiale e costui te la fa risorgere ed ancor più potente di prima. I russi son disposti a mangiare per anni cavoli e saliva, ma vogliono, fortemente vogliono, ripristinare la gloria della loro nazione, della loro patria. Nei triboli si compattano.

* * * * * * * * * * *

Senza aver presente codesto passato sarebbe impossibile comprendere il presente ed intravedere il futuro.

Un sistema socioeconomico così sotto tensione, con periodi di mera sopravvivenza per una grande quantità di persone, invogliava ben poco a formare delle famiglie ed ancor meno a proliferare.

Il grafico riporta fedelmente gli effetti di questi travagli storici.

Il tasso di fertilità crolla dai 2.5 a poco più dell’unità nel 2000. Ma adesso è già tornato ad 1.7, e con trend in crescita.

Se prima le nascite erano il doppio delle morti, nel 1991 queste ultime superarono le prime. Ma dal 2013 il numero delle nascite è lievemente superiore a quello delle morti.

«Since 2007 the authorities have been providing a one-time benefit in the form of certificate that can only be used for particular goods or services, adjusted annually for inflation, to mothers who have more than 1 child»

«In the same year the government set September 12 as the National Day of Conception, a day off from work for couples»

«It was hoped that 9 months later, on June 12, Russia’s National Day, there would be a bumper crop of children, and it was»

«Women who gave birth on that day could win refrigerators, money, or cars. Parents with 7 or more children are invited to the Kremlin and receive medals from the president himself.»

«The positive result of that action was only achieved in 2013»

«The authorities realize that the demographic problem can only be solved by strengthening the family.»

* * * * * * * * * * *

Dalle crisi demografiche si esce soltanto rafforzando le famiglie, disponendo leggi che le proteggano e ne ostacolino la disgregazione, disincentivando l’uso di anticoncezionali e dell’aborto, sempre che esso sia legalmente permesso.

Poi, da ultimo ma non certo per ultimo, ripristinando i principi religiosi.


Gefira. 2019-07-08Russia’s demography is a case apart

The Russian Federation is the world’s largest country in terms of area, the largest producer and exporter of natural gas, crude oil, and many food products, which is why this state exerts a significant influence on others. If anything goes wrong there some countries will be rubbing their hands in delight that one of their competitors is getting weaker, while others will be in a difficult, situation, losing their main supplier or buyer.

Moscow is concerned about the demographic decline which negatively affects the country’s geopolitical, economic and military potential. Though the Russian population is not threatened with extinction in the foreseeable future, the media often describe the country’s demographic situation as difficult or critical. The labour force is said to be declining by 800 thousand workers every year. Immigration could be a solution but for a disproportionately high number of umie educated people among foreigners. A brain drain is yet another problem that the government needs to deal with.1)Certainly, pension expenditure will have to be increased because of the growing number of seniors or pensions will have to be reduced. There could arise a need to levy a higher income tax and extend the retirement age. As for now the authorities are focused on encouraging families to have children.

Since 2007 the authorities have been providing a one-time benefit in the form of certificate that can only be used for particular goods or services, adjusted annually for inflation, to mothers who have more than 1 child.2)In the same year the government set September 12 as the National Day of Conception, a day off from work for couples. It was hoped that 9 months later, on June 12, Russia’s National Day, there would be a bumper crop of children, and it was, but only a few times. Women who gave birth on that day could win refrigerators, money, or cars. Parents with 7 or more children are invited to the Kremlin and receive medals from the president himself.3)The positive result of that action was only achieved in 2013.4)The authorities realize that the demographic problem can only be solved by strengthening the family.5)

The population of the Russian Federal Soviet Socialist Republic increased from 87 million in 1922 up to 148 million in 1991 and remained at that level until 1996, after which it started to decrease. From 2009 the situation seemed to be improving slightly until last year, which was predicted by some economists because about the year 2010 women aged 25-30, i.e. those with the highest fertility rate, made up the biggest age cohort.6)There is a high possibility that in 30 years the population will drop by over 10 million and by 2100 it will have decreased by the same number. By 2050 Russia will be the 15th most-populous country, following the Philippines and Tanzania.7)

Already since about 1983, a few years before the end of the Soviet Union, the birth and fertility rates had been decreasing, which was one of the earliest signs of the coming crisis. After 1991 the number of deaths surpassed that of births: 12,2 as opposed to 10,7 per 1000 people respectively.

In 2000 1,2 million children were born and 2,2 million people died. Until 2012 the number of deaths had remained higher than that of births. Then the birth rate began to slightly exceed the death rate but only until 2016. In 2017 in each month there were 10%-15% fewer births than in 2016. The data from January to August of 2017 show that there was a loss of above 100 thousand people. At present, in Russia one birth occurs every 18 and one death every 16 seconds, so again more people die than are born. The fertility rate is about 1,7. In comparison to many other countries this is a relatively good result, but still below the replacement level.

Already since about 1983, a few years before the end of the Soviet Union, the birth and fertility rates had been decreasing, which was one of the earliest signs of the coming crisis. After 1991 the number of deaths surpassed that of births: 12,2 as opposed to 10,7 per 1000 people respectively.

In 2000 1,2 million children were born and 2,2 million people died. Until 2012 the number of deaths had remained higher than that of births. Then the birth rate began to slightly exceed the death rate but only until 2016. In 2017 in each month there were 10%-15% fewer births than in 2016. The data from January to August of 2017 show that there was a loss of above 100 thousand people. At present, in Russia one birth occurs every 18 and one death every 16 seconds, so again more people die than are born. The fertility rate is about 1,7. In comparison to many other countries this is a relatively good result, but still below the replacement level.

In the 60’s of 20th century people aged 65 and over made up 6% of the society, in 1991 – 10%, and now almost 14%. In the same time the number of children (aged 0-14 years) dropped by 13 percentage points, so it is clearly visible that society is aging. The population aged 15-64 had been shrinking till 1991 and then started growing until 2015. The Russian Federation’s life expectancy is low: 70,91, while for example the US boasts 78,84.

There are many causes behind it. Some of them are related to the means taken by Boris Yeltsin (First President of the Russian Federation) and then by Yegor Gaidar and Anatoly Chubais (First Deputy Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation respectively), who were in charge of the country’s social and economic transformation. Widespread unemployment, rampant inflation, empty shops made people feel insecure and discouraged them from starting a family. At present every fifth Russian does not want to have children. Psychologists investigating this topic think that now people are unable and unwilling to share life with someone else and compromise their own habits.9)For 100 marriages 80 end in divorce and because of that young women are afraid to be abandoned or become single mother. Moreover some of them, in particular from the middle class, are scared to lose attractive appearance, personal freedom and independence. Over the last 10 years educated and wealthy women have become increasingly childless, while these not educated give birth more often.10)Professional career can hardly be reconciled with having a family. It is believed that people have to make a choice between children, lack of self-development and poverty or vice versa, with nothing in between. According to VCIOM (Russia Public Opinion Research Center) about 10% of Russians do not have enough money to buy food. The number of people living in poverty grew from 15,5 million in 2013 to 19,8 million in 2016. So they cannot afford babies if they want to raise them in good conditions so much so that childcare facilities are few.

Russia is facing a bigger problem than the low birth rate: its death rate which stands at 13 per 1000 people while the world’s average is about 8, in US 8, in UK over 9. After the collapse of the USSR the death rate has increased largely due to alcohol abuse and suicide. At that time people were pushed into economic dire straits. A factory closed overnight, no financial resources to start a business, no potential customers for existing enterprises. The Yeltsin era was war in slow motion, razing the country to the ground, as it implemented the West’s advice.

The economic crisis hit the Russian health care system. There occurred diseases that are not even found in many Third World countries: diphtheria, typhus, cholera, typhoid, and especially tuberculosis. Mortality due to TB is dropping but still there are 320 new cases and 64 resultant deaths each day. The problem most often concerns men (infected women make up less than 50%), aged mainly 25-34 years. The major causes are bad living conditions, no treatment, late detection, insufficient number of medical laboratories, and low infection control. Tuberculosis hits primarily the homeless, unemployed, migrants, and drug and alcohol addicts. 11)

More than 30% of all deaths in Russia in 2012 were alcohol-related: ethanol poisoning, cirrhosis, accidents. The total consumption of pure alcohol in litres in 2010 was 32,0 for men and 12,6 for women, (average 22,3) whereas in the US at the same time it was 18,1 and 7,8 (13,3) respectively,12)which results in a rising mortality among men aged 50 and less. Russians are not only addicted to alcohol but also to drugs, mainly heroin. During the Soviet era, the country was not a significant consumer of narcotics but the situation has changed since the beginning of the new millennium. Between 1996-2006 the number of drug users increased tenfold. Now about 8,5 million Russians abuse illicit narcotics and 90% of them use heroin. One of the by-products of this phenomenon is the world’s fastest-growing HIV epidemic that affects a third of the drug addicts. In 2015 Russia recorded almost 100 thousand new HIV infections and in the following year about 1 million. Each day there are 80-100 HIV infection cases among women.13)

Another big problem is abortion. It is quite common and used for birth control. There are 480 abortions per 1000 live births (while in US 200, in Germany 135). It is a legal procedure up to 12th week of pregnancy and in special circumstances at later stages. In 1920 the Russian Soviet Republic was the first country in the world to allow abortion under all circumstances. Now abortions in Russia are available as a part of free health care package of mandatory medical insurance and every insured woman aged 16+ can request a free pregnancy termination.14)At the end of the 1990s officially there were 3 million abortions annually per 1 million births whereas according to unofficial estimates the number was 5-6 times greater. Until 2007 the number of abortions was higher than the number of live births. W 2008 there were 72 terminations of pregnancy per 100 births compared to 20/100 in US. Hand in hand with pregnancy termination many children – in 1993 5% of newborns and 5 years later 9% – are abandoned after birth. At the end of 1990’s there were about 1 million homeless children.15)

——-

  1. ↑ 25 лет спустя: демография после развала СССР, Настоящее Время 2016.

  2. ↑ The benefits of being a Russian mother, Russia beyond 2015-08-24.

  3. ↑ Why Putin is paying women to have more children… Inside Russia’s super families, The Telegraph 2017-03-10.

  4. ↑ 6 creative ways countries have tried to up their birth rates, Mental Floss 2016-05-11.

  5. ↑ Демографическое будущее России: депопуляция навсегда?, Библиотека учебной научной литературы.

  6. ↑ The Russian economy in 2050: Heading for labour based stagnation, BROOKINGS 2015-04-02.

  7. ↑ Western Sanctions Are Shrinking Russia’s Population, Foreign Policy 2017-10-19.

  8. ↑ Что стало с русскими в союзных республиках после развала СССР, Рамблер 2017-06-11.

  9. ↑ Почему так много людей не хотят вступать в брак, заводить детей? Ответы психолога, Первый канал 2010-02-25.

  10. ↑ Чайлдфри: почему женщины не хотят рожать, Mиp24 2016-04-12.

  11. ↑ Tuberculosis country profiles, WHO 2017-12-01.

  12. ↑ Russia is quite literally drinking itself to death, QUARTZ 2015-05-13.

  13. ↑ HIV and AIDS in Russia, Avert organisation 2017-06-13.

  14. ↑ Putin’s next target is Russia’s abortion culture, Foreign Policy 2017-10-03.

  15. ↑ Демография в России (1897-2030), Dissonnace.ru 2010-09-13.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Putin

Putin. L’ideologia liberal è ‘obsoleta’.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-30.

Putin 1003

«Vladimir Putin has said liberalism is “obsolete” in an interview before he left for the G20 summit»

«The Russian president said the ideology that has underpinned Western democracies for decades had “outlived its purpose”.»

«The Russian premier also praised the rise of populism in Europe and America, saying ideas like multiculturalism were “no longer tenable”.»

«[Liberals] cannot simply dictate anything to anyone»

«He added that liberalism conflicted with “the interests of the overwhelming majority of the population,” and took aim at German Chancellor Angela Merkel for allowing large numbers of refugees to settle in Germany»

«This liberal idea presupposes that nothing needs to be done. That migrants can kill, plunder and rape with impunity because their rights as migrants have to be protected »

«Russia had no problems with LGBT persons… but some things do appear excessive to us»

«They claim now that children can play five or six gender roles …. Let everyone be happy, we have no problem with that. But this must not be allowed to overshadow the culture, traditions and traditional family values of millions of people making up the core population»

* * * * * * *

«[Liberals] cannot simply dictate anything to anyone»

Questa è la frase chiave di tutto il discorso di Mr Putin.

Se ogni stato abbia la concreta possibilità di abbracciare l’ideologia che più sembra essergli consona, questo non significa affatto che abbia anche la missione di imporla a quanti non ne vogliano sapere.

Questa è una visione dittatoriale del proprio io.

Se l’ideologia liberal fosse effettivamente superiore alle altre come dicono i suoi adepti, sicuramente si sarebbe imposta a tutto il mondo.

Invece il mondo che conta, Cina, Russia, India, Brasile etc, dell’ideologia liberal non ne vogliono sapere.

«”Whoever claims that liberal democracy is obsolete also claims that freedoms are obsolete, that the rule of law is obsolete and that human rights are obsolete,” said Mr Tusk»

Quando Mr Tusk afferma qualcosa è segno evidente che la verità sia ad essa diametralmente opposta.

Non è la libertà ad essere obsoleta: è il modo liberal di intenderla che è decotto e sconfitto dai fatti.

Similmente, è il concetto che ne hanno i liberal del “rule of law” e degli “human right” che è del tutto inaccettabile.

Eliogabalo, proto liberal nella storia, finì come era giusto che finisse.


Bbc. 2019-06-28. Putin: Russian president says liberalism ‘obsolete’

Vladimir Putin has said liberalism is “obsolete” in an interview before he left for the G20 summit.

The Russian president said the ideology that has underpinned Western democracies for decades had “outlived its purpose”.

The Russian premier also praised the rise of populism in Europe and America, saying ideas like multiculturalism were “no longer tenable”.

His comments came in a wide-ranging interview with the Financial Times.

The piece was published as world leaders began talks on trade and security in Japan.

“[Liberals] cannot simply dictate anything to anyone,” said Mr Putin, who has served as president for nearly two decades.

He added that liberalism conflicted with “the interests of the overwhelming majority of the population,” and took aim at German Chancellor Angela Merkel for allowing large numbers of refugees to settle in Germany.

“This liberal idea presupposes that nothing needs to be done. That migrants can kill, plunder and rape with impunity because their rights as migrants have to be protected.”

Mr Putin, 66, also said Russia had “no problems with LGBT persons… but some things do appear excessive to us”.

“They claim now that children can play five or six gender roles,” he continued.

“Let everyone be happy, we have no problem with that. But this must not be allowed to overshadow the culture, traditions and traditional family values of millions of people making up the core population.”

Aside from remarks on liberalism, Mr Putin also praised US President Donald Trump as a “talented person” who knew how to relate to voters.

But the Russian leader also said American unilateralism was partly to blame for the ongoing trade war between China and the US, and for tensions with Iran in the Strait of Hormuz.

But EU President Donald Tusk lashed out at Mr Putin on Friday, telling reporters he “strongly [disagreed]” with his sentiments on liberalism.

“Whoever claims that liberal democracy is obsolete also claims that freedoms are obsolete, that the rule of law is obsolete and that human rights are obsolete,” said Mr Tusk.

“What I find really obsolete are authoritarianism, personality cults, the rule of oligarchs, even if sometimes they may seem effective,” he added.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Africa, Putin, Russia

Putin. La Russia alla conquista dell’Africa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-23.

2019-06-15__Russia_Africa__001

2019-06-15__Russia_Africa__002

Gli occidentali hanno fatto nei confronti di popoli africani una lunga serie di errori alcuni dei quali madornali quali per esempio, il voler imporre loro la visione del’l’ideologia liberal, elemento loro alieno.

Kenyatta: Gay rights is a non-issue for Kenya

La Francia ha gestito l’Africa Centrale al rango di colonia schiavista.

China: France’s Macron Should Press Xi on Rights

Macron in visita nel Burkina Faso. Per poco lo accoppano. Incidente diplomatico.

*

La Cina ha invece dispiegato tutta la sua maestria diplomatica, impegnandosi con rapporti bilaterali equiparitari alla costruzione di un largo numero di infrastrutture essenziali.

Cina. Consolida il suo impero in Africa.

Cina ed Africa. I rapporti collaborativi si stanno consolidando.

Cina ed Africa. Una politica di rapporti internazionali paritetici.

Cina. Grande Muraglia contro la Germania. – Handelsblatt.

I nuovi enormi investimenti della Cina in Africa

* * * * * * *

Se le mosse diplomatiche ed economiche della Cina e dell’occidente sono alquanto evidenti se non altro perché riportate dai giornali internazionali, quelle russe sembrerebbero azioni fantasma, ben poco chiacchierate. Ma il classico riserbo russo non significa assolutamente che Mr Putin sia inerte, anzi.

«Russia is seeking to bolster its presence in at least 13 countries across Africa by building relations with existing rulers, striking military deals, and grooming a new generation of “leaders” and undercover “agents”»

«The mission to increase Russian influence on the continent is being led by Yevgeny Prigozhin, a businessman based in St Petersburg who is a close ally of the Russian president, Vladimir Putin. One aim is to “strong-arm” the US and the former colonial powers the UK and France out of the region»

«Russia has a military presence and peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic. CAR is described as “strategically important” and a “buffer zone between the Muslim north and Christian south”. It allows Moscow to expand “across the continent”, and Russian companies to strike lucrative mineral deals, the documents say»

«On 24 May the Kremlin announced it was dispatching a team of army specialists to the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo.»

«Five days later the Kremlin said it would host the first ever Russia-Africa summit in October in the Black Sea resort of Sochi. Putin and Egypt’s president, Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, will chair the event. About 50 African leaders are due to attend»

«The closest relations are with CAR, Sudan and Madagascar – all put at five. Libya, Zimbabwe and South Africa are listed as four, according to the map, with South Sudan at three, and DRC, Chad and Zambia at two.»

«Other documents cite Uganda, Equatorial Guinea and Mali as “countries where we plan to work”. Libya and Ethiopia are flagged as nations “where cooperation is possible”.»

«In Madagascar the new president, Andry Rajoelina, won election with “the Company’s support”, the map says. Russia “produced and distributed the island’s biggest newspaper, with 2 million copies a month”, it adds. Rajoelina denies receiving assistance.»

«Other suggestions in the documents include trans-African road and rail-building schemes. A railway could be built linking Dakar in Senegal with Port Sudan in Sudan, along the “old hajj [pilgrimage] route”. A separate 2,300-mile (3,700km) toll road was proposed connecting Port Sudan with Douala in Cameroon»

«More immediate practical measures include setting up Russian-controlled non-governmental organisations in African states and organising local meetings.»

«Russian operatives also offer thoughts on global politics.»

* * * * * * *

I piani di Mr Putin sono a lungo termine.

Sembrerebbe quindi difficile poter vedere risultati immediati od a breve. Ma l’esperienza insegna come questo approccio per piccoli passi discreti ponga delle solide basi durature.

Attenzione!

L’Africa odierna è povera, spesso misera. Ma è nella stessa situazione della Cina trenta anni or sono, e trenta anni passano velocemente. Pensiamo solo a come cambierebbe il mondo quando l’Africa entrasse tra i paesi emersi.


Guardian. 2019-06-11. Exclusive: Kremlin ally Yevgeny Prigozhin leading push to turn continent into strategic hub, documents show

Russia is seeking to bolster its presence in at least 13 countries across Africa by building relations with existing rulers, striking military deals, and grooming a new generation of “leaders” and undercover “agents”, leaked documents reveal.

The mission to increase Russian influence on the continent is being led by Yevgeny Prigozhin, a businessman based in St Petersburg who is a close ally of the Russian president, Vladimir Putin. One aim is to “strong-arm” the US and the former colonial powers the UK and France out of the region. Another is to see off “pro-western” uprisings, the documents say.

In 2018 the US special counsel Robert Mueller indicted Prigozhin, who is known as “Putin’s chef” because of his Kremlin catering contracts. According to Mueller, his troll factory ran an extensive social media campaign in 2016 to help elect Donald Trump. The Wagner group – a private military contractor linked to Prigozhin – has supplied mercenaries to fight in Ukraine and Syria.

The documents show the scale of Prigozhin-linked recent operations in Africa, and Moscow’s ambition to turn the region into a strategic hub. Multiple firms linked to the oligarch, including Wagner, are known by employees as the “Company”. Its activities are coordinated with senior officials inside Russia’s foreign and defence ministries, the documents suggest.

Putin showed little interest in Africa in the 2000s. But western sanctions imposed in 2014 over the annexation of Crimea have driven Moscow to seek new geopolitical friends and business opportunities.

Russia has a military presence and peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic. CAR is described as “strategically important” and a “buffer zone between the Muslim north and Christian south”. It allows Moscow to expand “across the continent”, and Russian companies to strike lucrative mineral deals, the documents say.

On 24 May the Kremlin announced it was dispatching a team of army specialists to the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo. According to Dmitry Peskov, Putin’s press spokesman, they will service Russian-made military equipment. So far Moscow has signed military cooperation deals with about 20 African states.

Five days later the Kremlin said it would host the first ever Russia-Africa summit in October in the Black Sea resort of Sochi. Putin and Egypt’s president, Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, will chair the event. About 50 African leaders are due to attend. The aim is to foster political, economic and cultural cooperation.

The leaked documents were obtained by the Dossier Center, an investigative unit based in London. The centre is funded by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the Russian businessman and exiled Kremlin critic.

Prigozhin has been approached for comment. He has previously denied any links to the troll factory and has said of Wagner that it does not exist. Putin has previously said that entities linked to Prigozhin do not constitute the Russian state.

A map from December 2018 seen by the Guardian shows the level of cooperation between the “Company” and African governments, country by country. Symbols indicate military, political and economic ties, police training, media and humanitarian projects, and “rivalry with France”. Five is the highest level; one is the lowest.

The closest relations are with CAR, Sudan and Madagascar – all put at five. Libya, Zimbabwe and South Africa are listed as four, according to the map, with South Sudan at three, and DRC, Chad and Zambia at two.

Other documents cite Uganda, Equatorial Guinea and Mali as “countries where we plan to work”. Libya and Ethiopia are flagged as nations “where cooperation is possible”. The Kremlin has recently stepped up its ground operation in Libya. Last November the Libyan commander Khalifa Haftar travelled to Moscow and met the defence minister, Sergei Shoigu. Prigozhin was spotted at the talks. Egypt is described as “traditionally supportive”.

The graphic gives an overview of “Company” activities and achievements. It claims credit in CAR for getting of rid of politicians who are “orientated to France”, including national assembly representatives and the foreign minister. This appears to be Charles-Armel Doubane, sacked in December. It has “strengthened” the army and set up newspapers and a radio station. Russia is an “83% friend”, it says.

In Madagascar the new president, Andry Rajoelina, won election with “the Company’s support”, the map says. Russia “produced and distributed the island’s biggest newspaper, with 2 million copies a month”, it adds. Rajoelina denies receiving assistance.

Another key territory is Sudan. Last year Russian specialists drew up a programme of political and economic reform, designed to keep President Omar al-Bashir in power. It included a plan to smear anti-government protesters, apparently copy-pasted from tactics used at home against the anti-Putin opposition. (One memo mistakenly says “Russia” instead of “Sudan”.)

One ploy was to use fake news and videos to portray demonstrators in Khartoum and other Sudanese cities as “anti-Islam”, “pro-Israel” and “pro-LGBT”. The government was told to increase the price of newsprint – to make it harder for critics to get their message out – and to discover “foreigners” at anti-government rallies.

In a leaked letter Prigozhin wrote to Bashir complaining that the president had not actually followed through on the advice. Prigozhin mentioned “lack of activity” by the Sudanese government and its “extremely cautious position”.

The military deposed Bashir in April in a coup. Last week Sudan’s Rapid Support Forces opened fire on pro-democracy protesters, killing over a hundred. The Russian advisers had urged Sudan’s military council to suppress the activists with “minimal but acceptable loss of life”, one former regime source told CNN.

Meanwhile, Moscow is keen to exploit a long-running territorial dispute in Comoros, the documents say. France directly controls one out of four of the Indian Ocean islands, Mayotte. In 2018 Prigozhin employees flew to Comoros via Belarus. Their objective was to test if “political technologies” might be used to inflame the row between Paris and the Comoros government.

Other suggestions in the documents include trans-African road and rail-building schemes. A railway could be built linking Dakar in Senegal with Port Sudan in Sudan, along the “old hajj [pilgrimage] route”. A separate 2,300-mile (3,700km) toll road was proposed connecting Port Sudan with Douala in Cameroon. Neither has so far happened.

A plan to revive “pan-African consciousness” appears closely modelled on the idea of Russkiy Mir, or Russian world. The concept has become fashionable under Putin and signifies Russian power and culture extended beyond current borders.

One working paper is titled “African world”. It calls for a developing “African self-identity”. It recommends collecting a database of Africans living in the US and Europe, which might be used to groom “future leaders” and “agents of influence”. The eventual goal is a “loyal chain of representatives across African territory”, the March 2018 paper says.

More immediate practical measures include setting up Russian-controlled non-governmental organisations in African states and organising local meetings.

It is unclear how many Prigozhin initiatives have actually gone forward. There is evidence that media projects mentioned in the documents are now up and running – albeit with marginal impact. They include a website, Africa Daily Voice, with its HQ in Morocco, and a French-language news service, Afrique Panorama, based in Madagascar’s capital Antananarivo.

Russian operatives also offer thoughts on global politics. One policy paper, titled “Russian influence in Africa”, says Moscow needs to find “reliable partners among African states” and should establish military bases.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime, Putin, Russia

Russia. Varato il rompighiaccio atomico Ural. Alla fine saranno 13 navi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-20.

Yamal 001

«Russia launched a nuclear-powered icebreaker on Saturday, part of an ambitious program to renew and expand its fleet of the vessels in order to improve its ability to tap the Arctic’s commercial potential.»

«Designed to be crewed by 75 people, the Ural will be able to slice through ice up to around 3 meters thick.»

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«The Arctic holds oil and gas reserves equivalent to 412 billion barrels of oil, about 22 percent of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas»

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«The Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activThe Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activityity»

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«The Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activity»

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La Russia di Mr Putin ha da tempo lanciato una lunga serie di programmi volti a sfruttare le risorse energetiche rinvenibili nelle zone artiche, che detengono grosso modo il 22% delle riserve di petrolio e gas mondiali.

Due i grandi problemi da risolvere, e, si direbbe, risolti.

Il primo inerisce le difficoltà di allestire gli impianti estrattivi in condizioni climatiche particolarmente avverse.

Il secondo verte invece sulla trasportabilità del minerale estratto, essendo impossibile al momento attuale la costruzione di oleodotti o di gasdotti.

Artico. 50% delle riserve minerarie.

Dall’Artico la sfida russa al gas Usa: Yamal Lng ultimato in tempi record

Russia. Un gigantesco rompighiaccio per Lng. – Bloomberg.

Russia. Akademik Lomonosov. Prima centrale atomica mobile e galleggiante.

Putin avvia lo sfruttamento del mega campo Kharasaveyskoye.

Yamal. Gli Usa hanno perso, la Russia ha vinto e raddoppia. – Bloomberg

Cina, Groenlandia e ‘Polar Silk Road’.

Cina. Centrali elettriche nucleari. 37 reattori attivi, 60 in costruzione, 179 programmati.

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La centrale atomica montata su di una chiatta trasportabile e la flotta dei 13 rompighiaccio pesanti, sette dei quali a propulsione atomica ed in grado di sfondare strati di tre metri di ghiaccio, dovrebbero essere in grado di mantenere la rotta artica agibile sia di estate sua di inverno.

La Russia si avvia a diventare la maggior produttrice di petroli e gas naturale del mondo. Poi, avere limitrofa la Cina in espansione economica sempre più rapida, garantisce un immenso mercato, per di più servibile con rotte militarmente sicure.


Reuters. 2019-05-26. Russia, eyeing Arctic future, launches nuclear icebreaker

ST PETERSBURG, Russia (Reuters) – Russia launched a nuclear-powered icebreaker on Saturday, part of an ambitious program to renew and expand its fleet of the vessels in order to improve its ability to tap the Arctic’s commercial potential.

The ship, dubbed the Ural and which was floated out from a dockyard in St Petersburg, is one of a trio that when completed will be the largest and most powerful icebreakers in the world.

Russia is building new infrastructure and overhauling its ports as, amid warmer climate cycles, it readies for more traffic via what it calls the Northern Sea Route (NSR) which it envisages being navigable year-round.

The Ural is due to be handed over to Russia’s state-owned nuclear energy corporation Rosatom in 2022 after the two other icebreakers in the same series, Arktika (Arctic) and Sibir (Siberia), enter service.

“The Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activity,” Alexey Likhachev, Rosatom’s chief executive, was quoted saying.

President Vladimir Putin said in April Russia was stepping up construction of icebreakers with the aim of significantly boosting freight traffic along its Arctic coast.

The drive is part of a push to strengthen Moscow’s hand in the High North as it vies for dominance with traditional rivals Canada, the United States and Norway, as well as newcomer China.

By 2035, Putin said Russia’s Arctic fleet would operate at least 13 heavy-duty icebreakers, nine of which would be powered by nuclear reactors.

The Arctic holds oil and gas reserves equivalent to 412 billion barrels of oil, about 22 percent of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas, the U.S. Geological Survey estimates.

Moscow hopes the route which runs from Murmansk to the Bering Strait near Alaska could take off as it cuts sea transport times from Asia to Europe.

Designed to be crewed by 75 people, the Ural will be able to slice through ice up to around 3 meters thick.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Putin, Russia

Russia. Riserve Valutaria a 502.7 miliardi Usd. Variata la composizione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-14.

2019-06-14__Russia_Riserve__001

«Non siamo noi a lasciare il dollaro, è il dollaro che lascia noi». Vladimir Putin.


The Central Bank of the Russian Federation ha rilascito il dato sull’ammontare delle riserve valutarie: 502.7 miliardi Usd.

2019-06-14__Russia_Riserve__002

La settimana scorsa ammontavano a 495.2 miliardi, mentre ad inizio anno erano 466.0 miliardi Usd.

2019-06-14__Russia_Riserve__003

Diamo atto a Mrs Elvira Nabiullina di essere una persona quanto mai determinata.

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Così la Russia prende le distanze dal dollaro a favore delle riserve in euro, yuan e yen

Lo spettro di sanzioni americane che vadano a colpire le banche russe e il debito sovrano di Mosca sembrerebbe recedere, proprio per la consapevolezza del Tesoro Usa dell’impatto che misure così draconiane potrebbero avere, non solo sulla Russia. E tuttavia la de-dollarizzazione dell’economia russa – il desiderio di ridurre il numero di asset vulnerabili al rischio di eventuali nuove sanzioni – prosegue per la sua strada: la Banca centrale russa non ha mai fatto mistero, in questi ultimi mesi, di voler diversificare il proprio portfolio di investimenti dopo aver rapidamente e drasticamente tagliato di quattro quinti (81 miliardi di dollari tra maggio e giugno) il numero di Treasuries in possesso di Mosca, fino a poco tempo fa tra i primi dieci Paesi investitori in titoli americani.

Equilibri rivoluzionati: lo sguardo su Pechino

La Banca di Russia pubblica ogni sei mesi il dettaglio geografico e valutario degli investimenti in oro e riserve internazionali: e il quadro che emerge dai dati pubblicati mercoledì sera – relativi dunque alla primavera scorsa – cambia drasticamente gli equilibri. Al termine del secondo trimestre 2018 le riserve internazionali russe, tra le prime al mondo (in giugno 458 miliardi di dollari, saliti attualmente a 466,9) avevano trasferito 101 miliardi dal dollaro a euro, yuan e yen: investendo l’equivalente di 44 miliardi ciascuno in euro e yuan (per un totale rispettivamente di 147 e 67 miliardi), e 21 miliardi in valuta giapponese. In questo modo, la quota cinese nel paniere valutario balza dall0 0,1% di un anno fa al 5% del primo trimestre e al 14,7% del secondo, mentre gli asset in dollari (metà, si ritiene, detenuti fuori dagli Usa) scendono dal 43,7% al minimo storico del 21,9% e quelli in euro vanno al 32%. Inoltre, secondo Morgan Stanley, nella prima metà dello scorso anno la Russia è stata nettamente il principale acquirente di bond cinesi.

Una scelta strategica dal punto di vista geopolitico, non economico, fanno notare gli analisti. E che ha la benedizione di Vladimir Putin, che più di una volta ha auspicato il passaggio all’uso di valute diverse dal dollaro nelle transazioni internazionali: passaggio non certo semplice per un Paese impegnato soprattutto nell’esportazione di materie prime, scambi basati sul dollaro nei mercati globali. «Noi non abbiamo l’obiettivo di prendere le distanze dal dollaro – aveva detto Putin poco più di un mese fa -, ma siamo costretti a farlo. E, vi assicuro, lo faremo. Solo, non vogliamo fare mosse improvvise che possano danneggiarci. Non siamo noi a lasciare il dollaro, è il dollaro che lascia noi».

L’Italia a confronto con Francia e Germania

Il rapporto della Banca centrale russa va nel dettaglio degli investimenti effettuati nel trimestre concluso a fine giugno 2018. Una parte delle attività trasferite sull’euro riguarda titoli di Stato francesi: la quota degli investimenti che fanno capo alla Francia, secondo i dati di Bank Rossii, è cresciuta nel trimestre dal 12 al 15,5% del totale. Leggermente inferiore la quota di attivi tedeschi, scesi nel trimestre dal 12,9 al 12,7. Nel rapporto che accompagna i dati, la Banca centrale dedica un paragrafo all’Italia, spiegando che il programma politico del nuovo governo entrato in carica in maggio «contiene tra l’altro un aumento radicale del deficit di bilancio». Uno scenario che «ha contribuito alla caduta dell’euro, e anche all’aumento della domanda di titoli di Stato di Germania e Francia, più affidabili a confronto con quelli italiani».

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Putin, Russia

Russia. Varato il Belgorod, Project 09852.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-28.

2019-04-25__Belgorod__001

Il segreto militare più gelosamente custodito dal Kremlin è come faccia Mr Putin a sfornare in continuazione sofisticati sistemi d’arma, allo stato dell’arte, ma spesso anche precursori, spendendo quattro rubli.

Il 23 aprile è stato varato il Belgorod, Project 09852 KC-139 Belgorod (KS-139 “Белгород”).

Covert Shores ne riporta il dettaglio tecnico sia di questo sottomarino sia del suo armamento.

«One of the largest submarines in the world, the unique Project 09852 KC-139 Belgorod (KS-139 “Белгород”) will play a key role in building military infrastructure deep under the Arctic as well as carrying the new Poseidon Intercontinental Nuclear-Powered Nuclear-Armed Autonomous Torpedo. She is an unfinished OSCAR-II cruise missile submarine which is being converted to serve as a Special Missions host submarine (known as Project 09852). It will be crewed by the Russian Navy but operated under GUGI, the secretive Main Directorate Deep Sea Research organization. In order to conduct covert special missions, it will carry a deep diving midget submarine, large payloads and the new KANYON (Status-6) strategic nuclear torpedo weapon. The project started in 2010, with the refit commencing in 2012, and is expected to be completed this year.»

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«Pr09852 Belgorod Specifications (Provisional)

Displacement: greater than 14,700 tonnes surfaced (est. 17,000 tonnes), 24,000 tonnes submerged (estimated 30,0000 tonnes)
Length: 184 meters

Beam: 18.2 meters

Speed: < 32 knots

Range: Unlimted

Endurance: Approximately 4 months

Operating depth: Estimated as 500-520 meters per OSCAR-II SSGN

Propulsion: nuclear (2 x pressurized water reactor OK-650M.02 with a capacity of 190 MW driving two steam turbines and twin screws. Plus at least two outboard thrusters.

Crew: TBC. estimated 110

Armament: 6 x Poseidon (KANYON) nuclear torpedoes (if fitted), 6 x 533 mm (21″) torpedo tubes with up to 28 torpedoes»

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«Russia has launched the Project 09852 Special Mission Submarine KC-139 Belgorod at the Sevmash Shipyard, located in Severodvinsk in northern Russia, on April 23»

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«It is reportedly the first nuclear-powered submarine capable of carrying the nuclear-capable underwater drone “Poseidon,” alternatively referred to as an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV), autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), or simply an intercontinental-range, nuclear autonomous torpedo»

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«The Belgorod is slated to enter service with the Russian Navy in 2020 following nuclear reactor and dockside trials»

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«The submarine, based on the 949A Oscar II-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine (SSGN), while crewed by the Russian Navy, will be operated by the Main Directorate Deep Sea Research (GUGI) organization»

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«Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research (Military Unit 40056).

The Defense Ministry Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research 10th Department (or the submarine intelligence service) was established in 1976, responsible for Russian ‘underwater engineering’. Hydronauts [“Deep-sea spetsnaz”] is a term that is relatively new, even to long-time students of Russian military affairs. A check of sources within the Russian military indicates that the topic is rarely discussed in the open press, if at all. The force, which uses submarines, is an Army and not a Navy unit. The force’s focus is to bug communications cables, install movement sensors, and collect the wreckage of ships, aircraft, and satellites from the seabed. These divers work at depths of 3000-6000 meters in miniature submarines.

These submarines were officially referred to as “nuclear deep-water station” and abbreviated AU. Sailors call them “kids” – assigned to the Ministry of Defense and worked on the instructions of the Main Intelligence Directorate. Only the 1986 were the submarines added to the lists of the navy. However, the management of their activities was still carried out directly from Moscow.

Project 1910 nuclear powered deepwater stations were designed to perform specific tasks in the depths of the oceans, and were intended to replace the previous generation of deep-towed vehicles “Seliger”.

In 1979, for basic maintenance and operation of the ACS carriers at the Northern Fleet at Gadzhiyevo [Bay of deer] initiated the formation of the 29th separate brigade of submarines.

According to the site editor MilitaryRussia Dmitry Kornev, in 1980-2000 years of the machine with the main management of deep-sea research carried out special missions in the Japan Sea, the North Atlantic and the Arctic. The 45707 military unit was stationed in the city of Peterhof Leningrad region. Structurally related to the General Directorate of the Russian Defense Ministry deep-sea research.

Izvestiya was told by former naval officer and hydronaut Vladimir Ashik that his colleagues’ job was to collect intelligence information about enemy equipment, protect and service Soviet deep-water communications lines, and bring up from the bottom the wreckage of secret equipment left behind after tests or accidents.

In the early 2000s the Defense Ministry’s special center in Moscow was reorganized to form the Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research, whose work was classified.»

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Solo a scopo esplicativo del lavoro svolto:

«According to figures from the Comptroller’s Office auditors, the hydronauts were the most highly paid employees in the military — they were receiving 500,000-600,000 [rubles] a month. For comparison, the commander of a motorized rifle brigade in Siberia and the Far East receives no more than 80,000 rubles a month, while the commander of a strategic bomber base with the rank of colonel receives no more than 180,000.»

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Ufficialmente, questo nuovo sommergibile servirà per una migliore esplorazione pacifica dei fondali oceanici e per la preservazione delle specie animali che vi albergano.

Ciò che farà non interessa nulla a nessuno: è per questo motivo che non si rilasciano particolari.


The Diplomat. 2019-04-23. Russia Launches Project 09852 Special Purpose Submarine

The first nuclear-powered submarine reportedly capable of carrying the Poseidon underwater drone was launched on April 23.

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Russia has launched the Project 09852 Special Mission Submarine KC-139 Belgorod at the Sevmash Shipyard, located in Severodvinsk in northern Russia, on April 23. It is reportedly the first nuclear-powered submarine capable of carrying the nuclear-capable underwater drone “Poseidon,” alternatively referred to as an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV), autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), or simply an intercontinental-range, nuclear autonomous torpedo.

The Belgorod is slated to enter service with the Russian Navy in 2020 following nuclear reactor and dockside trials. The submarine, based on the 949A Oscar II-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine (SSGN), while crewed by the Russian Navy, will be operated by the Main Directorate Deep Sea Research (GUGI) organization. The submarine, according to the website Covert Shores, will carry a deep diving midget submarine for covert special missions. It is expected to be deployed under the Arctic and used for the covert installation of a Russian underwater sonar network.

During the April 23 launch ceremony, Vice-Admiral Alexei Burilichev, Head of the Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research of the Russian Ministry Defense (MoD), specifically singled out the Arctic as a future area of operations for the sub: “With the advent of this ship in the fleet, the Russian Federation will increase its ability to study the oceans, including the Arctic,” he was quoted as saying by TASS news agency.

The submarine was laid down at the Sevmash Shipyard in July 1992 but its construction was suspended in 1997. Work on the unfinished 949A Oscar II-class SSGN began again in 2012 following a redesign of the sub undertaken by the Rubin Central Design Bureau in St. Petersburg as a special purpose submarine. With a reported lengths of 184 meters, the Belgorod is set to become the Russian Navy’s largest submarine by its length. (The sub has a reported  displacement of around 15,000 tonnes when surfaced.)

There is no official confirmation that the new sub will carry the Poseidon UUV, also known under Ocean Multipurpose System Status-6 or “Kanyon” by the U.S. intelligence community. As I reportedly previously, the Russian Navy is expected to receive up to 30 Poseidon UUV with the first batch slated for delivery in the late 2020s. It remains unclear the UUV serves only as a nuclear-warhead delivery platform or could be used for other purposes including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.

According to a Russian defense industry source, the Project 09852 submarine will be able carry up to six Poseidon UUVs, although as mentioned previously, some sources cited eight. “Two Poseidon-carrying submarines are expected to enter service with the Northern Fleet and the other two will join the Pacific Fleet,” a Russian defense industry source told TASS news agency in January. “Each of the submarines will carry a maximum of eight drones and, therefore, the total number of Poseidons on combat duty may reach 32 vehicles.”

The second Poseidon-carrying sub will reportedly be the Project 09851 submarine Khabarovsk, purportedly a downsized variant of the Borei-class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. The sub is slated to be launched in the spring of 2020 and handed over to the Russian Navy in 2022, according to another source.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Putin, Russia

Russia. Riserva valutarie a 487.1 mld Usd. La lunga marcia di Putin e Nebulina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-28.

2019-03-28__Russia__001

La The Central Bank of the Russian Federation ha rilasciato il dato settimanale delle riserve valutarie russe, Che ammontano a 487.1 miliardi di Usd.

2019-03-28__Russia__002

Il 12 marzo 2015, quasi a termine della crisi economica allora in atto, le riserva valutarie erano scese a 356.7 miliardi Usd.

Nel contempo, le riserve auree russe sono ancora crescite, raggiungendo le 2,119.2 tonnellate di oro. Nel luglio 2016 tali riserve ammontavano a 1,498.74 tonnellate.

Diamo con piacere atto a Mr Putin ed alla Mrs Nebulina, Governatrice della Banca Centrale, di ottima abilità e di una pazienza degna delle formiche.

Diamo anche atto con altrettanto piacere di aver saputo scegliere a suo tempo una persona del valore di Mrs Nebulina: di rara preparazione tecnica, sempre sorridente, silenziosissima. Le capacità di un capo si esprimono anche nella scelta dei propri collaboratori.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Putin, Russia

Putin. Sarà stato del Kgb, ma intelligente lo è per davvero.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-10.

2019-02-09__Putin__001

Tonnellate di oro fisico detenute.


Il primo grande capo di accusa che l’Occidente muove a Mr Putin è quello di essere un russo che sta facendo gli interessi del suo paese.

Il secondo capo di accusa è di essere colto ed intelligente.

Se Mr Putin facesse gli interessi degli occidentali e fosse anche un fesso, un babbeo da poter menare per il naso, i liberal socialisti lo osannerebbero.

In dieci anni, lavorando come una formica, Mr Putin si è portato a casa più di 1,500 tonnellate di oro fisico.

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«But nobody ever accused Putin of the lack of intelligence»

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«Any accusations against this man only emphasize his ability for quick analytical thinking and making clear and balanced political and economic decisions»

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«Therefore, Putin’s policy largely has always focused not so much on effect, but on efficiency»

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«Very few people understand what Putin is doing at the moment. And almost no one understands what he will do in the future»

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«Europe will not be able to survive without energy supply from Russia»

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«Russia, having a regular flow of dollars from the sale of oil and gas, in any case, will be able to convert them to gold with current gold prices, depressed by all means by the West. That is, at the price of gold, which had been artificially and meticulously lowered by the Fed and ESF many times, against artificially inflated purchasing power of the dollar through market manipulation»

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«China recently announced that it will cease to increase its gold and currency reserves denominated in US dollars»

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«Analysis of the current monetary policy of China shows that most likely the dollars coming from trade, or a substantial chunk of them, China will quietly replace and de facto is already replacing with Gold.»

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«Emphasis on the phrase “physical gold” is made because in exchange for its physical, not ‘paper’ energy resources, Russia is now withdrawing gold from the West, but only in its physical, not paper form»

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«Putin has thereby started the countdown to the end of the world hegemony of petrodollar. Thus, Putin has put the West in a deadlock of the absence of any positive economic prospects»

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«USSR rapidly sold gold during the fall of oil prices. Russia rapidly buys gold during the fall in oil prices»

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«Leading Western economists are certainly aware of the severity of the predicament and hopelessness of the situation the Western world finds itself in, in Putin’s economic gold trap»

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«How long will the West be able to buy oil and gas from Russia in exchange for physical gold?»

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Oriental Review. 2014-12-25. Grandmaster Putin’s Trap

Accusations of the West towards Putin are traditionally based on the fact that he worked in the KGB. And therefore he is a cruel and immoral person. Putin is blamed for everything. But nobody ever accused Putin of the lack of intelligence.

Any accusations against this man only emphasize his ability for quick analytical thinking and making clear and balanced political and economic decisions.

Often Western media compares this ability with the ability of a grandmaster, conducting a public chess simul. Recent developments in US economy and the West in general allow us to conclude that in this part of the assessment of Putin’s personality Western media are absolutely right.

Despite numerous success reports in the style of Fox News and CNN, today, Western economy, led by the United States is in Putin’s trap, the way out of which no one in the West can see or find. And the more the West is trying to escape from this trap, the more stuck it becomes.

What is the truly tragic predicament of the West and the United States, in which they find themselves? And why all the Western media and leading Western economists are silent about this, as a well guarded military secret? Let’s try to understand the essence of current economic events, in the context of the economy, setting aside the factors of morality, ethics and geopolitics.

After realizing its failure in Ukraine, the West, led by the US set out to destroy Russian economy by lowering oil prices, and accordingly gas prices as the main budget sources of export revenue in Russia and the main sources of replenishment of Russian gold reserves. It should be noted that the main failure of the West in Ukraine is not military or political. But in the actual refusal of Putin to fund the Western project of Ukraine at the expense of the budget of Russian Federation. What makes this Western project not viable in the near and inevitable future.

Last time under president Reagan, such actions of the West’s lowering of oil prices led to ‘success’ and the collapse of USSR. But history does not repeat itself all the time. This time things are different for the West. Putin’s response to the West resembles both chess and judo, when the strength used by the enemy is used against him, but with minimal costs to the strength and resources of the defender. Putin’s real policies are not public. Therefore, Putin’s policy largely has always focused not so much on effect, but on efficiency.

Very few people understand what Putin is doing at the moment. And almost no one understands what he will do in the future.

No matter how strange it may seem, but right now, Putin is selling Russian oil and gas only for physical gold.

Putin is not shouting about it all over the world. And of course, he still accepts US dollars as an intermediate means of payment. But he immediately exchanges all these dollars obtained from the sale of oil and gas for physical gold!

To understand this, it is enough to look at the dynamics of growth of gold reserves of Russia and to compare this data with foreign exchange earnings of the Russia coming from the sale of oil and gas over the same period.

Moreover, in the third quarter the purchases by Russia of physical gold are at all-time high record levels. In the third quarter of this year, Russia had purchased an incredible amount of gold in the amount of 55 tons. It’s more than all the central banks of all countries of the world combined (according to official data)!

In total, the central banks of all countries of the world have purchased 93 tons of the precious metal in the third quarter of 2014. It was the 15th consecutive quarter of net purchases of gold by Central banks. Of the 93 tonnes of gold purchases by central banks around the world during this period, the staggering volume of purchases – of 55 tons – belongs to Russia.

Not so long ago, British scientists have successfully come to the same conclusion, as was published in the Conclusion of the U.S. Geological survey a few years ago. Namely: Europe will not be able to survive without energy supply from Russia. Translated from English to any other language in the world it means: “The world will not be able to survive if oil and gas from Russia is subtracted from the global balance of energy supply”.

Thus, the Western world, built on the hegemony of the petrodollar, is in a catastrophic situation. In which it cannot survive without oil and gas supplies from Russia. And Russia is now ready to sell its oil and gas to the West only in exchange for physical gold! The twist of Putin’s game is that the mechanism for the sale of Russian energy to the West only for gold now works regardless of whether the West agrees to pay for Russian oil and gas with its artificially cheap gold, or not.

Because Russia, having a regular flow of dollars from the sale of oil and gas, in any case, will be able to convert them to gold with current gold prices, depressed by all means by the West. That is, at the price of gold, which had been artificially and meticulously lowered by the Fed and ESF many times, against artificially inflated purchasing power of the dollar through market manipulation.

Interesting fact: the suppression of gold prices by the special department of US Government – ESF (Exchange Stabilization Fund) – with the aim of stabilizing the dollar has been made into a law in the United States.

In the financial world it is accepted as a given that gold is an antidollar.

– In 1971, US President Richard Nixon closed the ‘gold window’, ending the free exchange of dollars for gold, guaranteed by the US in 1944 at Bretton Woods.

– In 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin has reopened the ‘gold window’, without asking Washington’s permission.

Right now the West spends much of its efforts and resources to suppress the prices of gold and oil. Thereby, on the one hand to distort the existing economic reality in favor of the US dollar and on the other hand, to destroy the Russian economy, refusing to play the role of obedient vassal of the West.

Today assets such as gold and oil look proportionally weakened and excessively undervalued against the US dollar. It is a consequence of the enormous economic effort on the part of the West.

And now Putin sells Russian energy resources in exchange for these US dollars, artificially propped by the efforts of the West. With which he immediately buys gold, artificially devalued against the U.S. dollar by the efforts of the West itself!

There is another interesting element in Putin’s game. It’s Russian uranium. Every sixth light bulb in the USA depends on its supply. Which Russia sells to the US too, for dollars.

Thus, in exchange for Russian oil, gas and uranium, the West pays Russia with dollars, purchasing power of which is artificially inflated against oil and gold by the efforts of the West. But Putin uses these dollars only to withdraw physical gold from the West in exchange, for the price denominated in US dollars, artificially lowered by the same West.

This truly brilliant economic combination by Putin puts the West led by the United States in a position of a snake, aggressively and diligently devouring its own tail.

The idea of this economic golden trap for the West, probably originated not from Putin himself. Most likely it was the idea of Putin’s Advisor for Economic Affairs – doctor Sergey Glazyev. Otherwise why seemingly not involved in business bureaucrat Glazyev, along with many Russian businessmen, was personally included by Washington on the sanction list?  The idea of an economist, doctor Glazyev was brilliantly executed by Putin, with full endorsement from his Chinese colleague – Xi Jinping.

Especially interesting in this context looks the November statement of the first Deputy Chairman of Central Bank of Russia Ksenia Yudaeva, which stressed that the Central Bank of Russia can use the gold from its reserves to pay for imports, if needed. It is obvious that in terms of sanctions by the Western world, this statement is addressed to the BRICS countries, and first of all China. For China, Russia’s willingness to pay for goods with Western gold is very convenient. And here’s why:

China recently announced that it will cease to increase its gold and currency reserves denominated in US dollars. Considering the growing trade deficit between the US and China (the current difference is five times in favor of China), then this statement translated from the financial language reads: “China stops selling their goods for dollars”. The world’s media chose not to notice this grandest in the recent monetary history event . The issue is not that China literally refuses to sell its goods for US dollars. China, of course, will continue to accept US dollars as an intermediate means of payment for its goods. But, having taken dollars, China will immediately get rid of them and replace with something else in the structure of its gold and currency reserves. Otherwise the statement made by the monetary authorities of China loses its meaning: “We are stopping the increase of our gold and currency reserves, denominated in US dollars.” That is, China will no longer buy United States Treasury bonds for dollars earned from trade with any countries, as they did this before.

Thus, China will replace all the dollars that it will receive for its goods not only from the US but from all over the world with something else not to increase their gold currency reserves, denominated in US dollars. And here is an interesting question: what will China replace all the trade dollars with? What currency or an asset? Analysis of the current monetary policy of China shows that most likely the dollars coming from trade, or a substantial chunk of them, China will quietly replace and de facto is already replacing with Gold.

In this aspect, the solitaire of Russian-Chinese relations is extremely successful for Moscow and Beijing. Russia buys goods from China directly for gold at its current price. While China buys Russian energy resources for gold at its current price. At this Russian-Chinese festival of life there is a place for everything: Chinese goods, Russian energy resources, and gold – as a means of mutual payment. Only US dollar has no place at this festival of life. And this is not surprising. Because the US dollar is not a Chinese product, nor a Russian energy resource. It is only an intermediate financial instrument of settlement – and an unnecessary intermediary. And it is customary to exclude unnecessary intermediaries from the interaction of two independent business partners.

It should be noted separately that the global market for physical gold is extremely small relative to the world market for physical oil supplies. And especially the world market for physical gold is microscopic compared to the entirety of world markets for physical delivery of oil, gas, uranium and goods.

Emphasis on the phrase “physical gold” is made because in exchange for its physical, not ‘paper’ energy resources, Russia is now withdrawing gold from the West, but only in its physical, not paper form. So does China, by acquiring from the West the artificially devalued physical gold as a payment for physical delivery of real products to the West.

The West’s hopes that Russia and China will accept as payment for their energy resources and goods “shitcoin” or so-called “paper gold” of various kinds also did not materialize. Russia and China are only interested in gold and only physical metal as a final means of payment.

For reference: the turnover of the market of paper gold, only of gold futures, is estimated at $360 billion per month. But physical delivery of gold is only for $280 million a month. Which makes the ratio of trade of paper gold versus physical gold: 1000 to 1.

Using the mechanism of active withdrawal from the market of one artificially lowered by the West financial asset (gold) in exchange for another artificially inflated by the West financial asset (USD), Putin has thereby started the countdown to the end of the world hegemony of petrodollar. Thus, Putin has put the West in a deadlock of the absence of any positive economic prospects. The West can spend as much of its efforts and resources to artificially increase the purchasing power of the dollar, lower oil prices and artificially lower the purchasing power of gold. The problem of the West is that the stocks of physical gold in possession of the West are not unlimited. Therefore, the more the West devalues oil and gold against the US dollar, the faster it loses devaluing Gold from its not infinite reserves. In this brilliantly played by Putin economic combination the physical gold is rapidly flowing to Russia, China, Brazil, Kazakhstan and India, the BRICS countries, from the reserves of the West. At the current rate of reduction of reserves of physical gold, the West simply does not have the time to do anything against Putin’s Russia until the collapse of the entire Western petrodollar world. In chess the situation in which Putin has put the West, led by the US, is called “time trouble”.

The Western world has never faced such economic events and phenomena that are happening right now. USSR rapidly sold gold during the fall of oil prices. Russia rapidly buys gold during the fall in oil prices. Thus, Russia poses a real threat to the American model of petrodollar world domination.

The main principle of world petrodollar model is allowing Western countries led by the United States to live at the expense of the labor and resources of other countries and peoples based on the role of the US currency, dominant in the global monetary system (GMS) . The role of the US dollar in the GMS is that it is the ultimate means of payment. This means that the national currency of the United States in the structure of the GMS is the ultimate asset accumulator, to exchange which to any other asset does not make sense. What the BRICS countries, led by Russia and China, are doing now is actually changing the role and status of the US dollar in the global monetary system. From the ultimate means of payment and asset accumulation, the national currency of the USA, by the joint actions of Moscow and Beijing is turned into only an intermediate means of payment. Intended only to exchange this interim payment for another and the ulimate financial asset – gold. Thus, the US dollar actually loses its role as the ultimate means of payment and asset accumulation, yielding both of those roles to another recognized, denationalized and depoliticized monetary asset – gold.

Traditionally, the West has used two methods to eliminate the threat to the hegemony of petrodollar model in the world and the consequent excessive privileges for the West.

One of these methods – colored revolutions. The second method, which is usually applied by the West, if the first fails – military aggression and bombing.

But in Russia’s case both of these methods are either impossible or unacceptable for the West.

Because, firstly, the population of Russia, unlike people in many other countries, does not wish to exchange their freedom and the future of their children for Western sausage. This is evident from the record ratings of Putin, regularly published by the leading Western rating agencies. Personal friendship of Washington protégé Navalny with Senator McCain played for him and Washington a very negative role. Having learned this fact from the media, 98% of the Russian population now perceive Navalny only as a vassal of Washington and a traitor of Russia’s national interests. Therefore Western professionals, who have not yet lost their mind, cannot dream about any colour revolution in Russia.

As for the second traditional Western way of direct military aggression, Russia is certainly not Yugoslavia, not Iraq or Libya. In any non-nuclear military operation against Russia, on the territory of Russia, the West led by the US is doomed to defeat. And the generals in the Pentagon exercising real leadership of NATO forces are aware of this. Similarly hopeless is a nuclear war against Russia, including the concept of so-called “preventive disarming nuclear strike”. NATO is simply not technically able to strike a blow that would completely disarm the nuclear potential of Russia in all its many manifestations. A massive nuclear retaliatory strike on the enemy or a pool of enemies would be inevitable. And its total capacity will be enough for survivors to envy the dead. That is, an exchange of nuclear strikes with a country like Russia is not a solution to the looming problem of the collapse of a petrodollar world. It is in the best case, a final chord and the last point in the history of its existence. In the worst case – a nuclear winter and the demise of all life on the planet, except for the bacteria mutated from radiation.

The Western economic establishment can see and understand the essence of the situation. Leading Western economists are certainly aware of the severity of the predicament and hopelessness of the situation the Western world finds itself in, in Putin’s economic gold trap. After all, since the Bretton Woods agreements, we all know the Golden rule: “Who has more gold sets the rules.” But everyone in the West is silent about it. Silent because no one knows now how to get out of this situation.

If you explain to the Western public all the details of the looming economic disaster, the public will ask the supporters of a petrodollar world the most terrible questions, which will sound like this:

How long will the West be able to buy oil and gas from Russia in exchange for physical gold?
And what will happen to the US petrodollar after the West runs out of physical gold to pay for Russian oil, gas and uranium, as well as to pay for Chinese goods?

No one in the West today can answer these seemingly simple questions.

And this is called “Checkmate”, ladies and gentlemen. The game is over.