«Vladimir Putin has said liberalism is “obsolete” in an interview before he left for the G20 summit»
«The Russian president said the ideology that has underpinned Western democracies for decades had “outlived its purpose”.»
«The Russian premier also praised the rise of populism in Europe and America, saying ideas like multiculturalism were “no longer tenable”.»
«[Liberals] cannot simply dictate anything to anyone»
«He added that liberalism conflicted with “the interests of the overwhelming majority of the population,” and took aim at German Chancellor Angela Merkel for allowing large numbers of refugees to settle in Germany»
«This liberal idea presupposes that nothing needs to be done. That migrants can kill, plunder and rape with impunity because their rights as migrants have to be protected »
«Russia had no problems with LGBT persons… but some things do appear excessive to us»
«They claim now that children can play five or six gender roles …. Let everyone be happy, we have no problem with that. But this must not be allowed to overshadow the culture, traditions and traditional family values of millions of people making up the core population»
* * * * * * *
«[Liberals] cannot simply dictate anything to anyone»
Questa è la frase chiave di tutto il discorso di Mr Putin.
Se ogni stato abbia la concreta possibilità di abbracciare l’ideologia che più sembra essergli consona, questo non significa affatto che abbia anche la missione di imporla a quanti non ne vogliano sapere.
Questa è una visione dittatoriale del proprio io.
Se l’ideologia liberal fosse effettivamente superiore alle altre come dicono i suoi adepti, sicuramente si sarebbe imposta a tutto il mondo.
Invece il mondo che conta, Cina, Russia, India, Brasile etc, dell’ideologia liberal non ne vogliono sapere.
«”Whoever claims that liberal democracy is obsolete also claims that freedoms are obsolete, that the rule of law is obsolete and that human rights are obsolete,” said Mr Tusk»
Quando Mr Tusk afferma qualcosa è segno evidente che la verità sia ad essa diametralmente opposta.
Non è la libertà ad essere obsoleta: è il modo liberal di intenderla che è decotto e sconfitto dai fatti.
Similmente, è il concetto che ne hanno i liberal del “rule of law” e degli “human right” che è del tutto inaccettabile.
Eliogabalo, proto liberal nella storia, finì come era giusto che finisse.
Vladimir Putin has said liberalism is “obsolete” in an interview before he left for the G20 summit.
The Russian president said the ideology that has underpinned Western democracies for decades had “outlived its purpose”.
The Russian premier also praised the rise of populism in Europe and America, saying ideas like multiculturalism were “no longer tenable”.
His comments came in a wide-ranging interview with the Financial Times.
The piece was published as world leaders began talks on trade and security in Japan.
“[Liberals] cannot simply dictate anything to anyone,” said Mr Putin, who has served as president for nearly two decades.
He added that liberalism conflicted with “the interests of the overwhelming majority of the population,” and took aim at German Chancellor Angela Merkel for allowing large numbers of refugees to settle in Germany.
“This liberal idea presupposes that nothing needs to be done. That migrants can kill, plunder and rape with impunity because their rights as migrants have to be protected.”
Mr Putin, 66, also said Russia had “no problems with LGBT persons… but some things do appear excessive to us”.
“They claim now that children can play five or six gender roles,” he continued.
“Let everyone be happy, we have no problem with that. But this must not be allowed to overshadow the culture, traditions and traditional family values of millions of people making up the core population.”
Aside from remarks on liberalism, Mr Putin also praised US President Donald Trump as a “talented person” who knew how to relate to voters.
But the Russian leader also said American unilateralism was partly to blame for the ongoing trade war between China and the US, and for tensions with Iran in the Strait of Hormuz.
But EU President Donald Tusk lashed out at Mr Putin on Friday, telling reporters he “strongly [disagreed]” with his sentiments on liberalism.
“Whoever claims that liberal democracy is obsolete also claims that freedoms are obsolete, that the rule of law is obsolete and that human rights are obsolete,” said Mr Tusk.
“What I find really obsolete are authoritarianism, personality cults, the rule of oligarchs, even if sometimes they may seem effective,” he added.
Gli occidentali hanno fatto nei confronti di popoli africani una lunga serie di errori alcuni dei quali madornali quali per esempio, il voler imporre loro la visione del’l’ideologia liberal, elemento loro alieno.
Se le mosse diplomatiche ed economiche della Cina e dell’occidente sono alquanto evidenti se non altro perché riportate dai giornali internazionali, quelle russe sembrerebbero azioni fantasma, ben poco chiacchierate. Ma il classico riserbo russo non significa assolutamente che Mr Putin sia inerte, anzi.
«Russia is seeking to bolster its presence in at least 13 countries across Africa by building relations with existing rulers, striking military deals, and grooming a new generation of “leaders” and undercover “agents”»
«The mission to increase Russian influence on the continent is being led by Yevgeny Prigozhin, a businessman based in St Petersburg who is a close ally of the Russian president, Vladimir Putin. One aim is to “strong-arm” the US and the former colonial powers the UK and France out of the region»
«Russia has a military presence and peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic. CAR is described as “strategically important” and a “buffer zone between the Muslim north and Christian south”. It allows Moscow to expand “across the continent”, and Russian companies to strike lucrative mineral deals, the documents say»
«On 24 May the Kremlin announced it was dispatching a team of army specialists to the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo.»
«Five days later the Kremlin said it would host the first ever Russia-Africa summit in October in the Black Sea resort of Sochi. Putin and Egypt’s president, Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, will chair the event. About 50 African leaders are due to attend»
«The closest relations are with CAR, Sudan and Madagascar – all put at five. Libya, Zimbabwe and South Africa are listed as four, according to the map, with South Sudan at three, and DRC, Chad and Zambia at two.»
«Other documents cite Uganda, Equatorial Guinea and Mali as “countries where we plan to work”. Libya and Ethiopia are flagged as nations “where cooperation is possible”.»
«In Madagascar the new president, Andry Rajoelina, won election with “the Company’s support”, the map says. Russia “produced and distributed the island’s biggest newspaper, with 2 million copies a month”, it adds. Rajoelina denies receiving assistance.»
«Other suggestions in the documents include trans-African road and rail-building schemes. A railway could be built linking Dakar in Senegal with Port Sudan in Sudan, along the “old hajj [pilgrimage] route”. A separate 2,300-mile (3,700km) toll road was proposed connecting Port Sudan with Douala in Cameroon»
«More immediate practical measures include setting up Russian-controlled non-governmental organisations in African states and organising local meetings.»
«Russian operatives also offer thoughts on global politics.»
* * * * * * *
I piani di Mr Putin sono a lungo termine.
Sembrerebbe quindi difficile poter vedere risultati immediati od a breve. Ma l’esperienza insegna come questo approccio per piccoli passi discreti ponga delle solide basi durature.
L’Africa odierna è povera, spesso misera. Ma è nella stessa situazione della Cina trenta anni or sono, e trenta anni passano velocemente. Pensiamo solo a come cambierebbe il mondo quando l’Africa entrasse tra i paesi emersi.
Russia is seeking to bolster its presence in at least 13 countries across Africa by building relations with existing rulers, striking military deals, and grooming a new generation of “leaders” and undercover “agents”, leaked documents reveal.
The mission to increase Russian influence on the continent is being led by Yevgeny Prigozhin, a businessman based in St Petersburg who is a close ally of the Russian president, Vladimir Putin. One aim is to “strong-arm” the US and the former colonial powers the UK and France out of the region. Another is to see off “pro-western” uprisings, the documents say.
The documents show the scale of Prigozhin-linked recent operations in Africa, and Moscow’s ambition to turn the region into a strategic hub. Multiple firms linked to the oligarch, including Wagner, are known by employees as the “Company”. Its activities are coordinated with senior officials inside Russia’s foreign and defence ministries, the documents suggest.
Russia has a military presence and peacekeeping mission in Central African Republic. CAR is described as “strategically important” and a “buffer zone between the Muslim north and Christian south”. It allows Moscow to expand “across the continent”, and Russian companies to strike lucrative mineral deals, the documents say.
The leaked documents were obtained by the Dossier Center, an investigative unit based in London. The centre is funded by Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the Russian businessman and exiled Kremlin critic.
Prigozhin has been approached for comment. He has previously denied any links to the troll factory and has said of Wagner that it does not exist. Putin has previously said that entities linked to Prigozhin do not constitute the Russian state.
A map from December 2018 seen by the Guardian shows the level of cooperation between the “Company” and African governments, country by country. Symbols indicate military, political and economic ties, police training, media and humanitarian projects, and “rivalry with France”. Five is the highest level; one is the lowest.
The closest relations are with CAR, Sudan and Madagascar – all put at five. Libya, Zimbabwe and South Africa are listed as four, according to the map, with South Sudan at three, and DRC, Chad and Zambia at two.
Other documents cite Uganda, Equatorial Guinea and Mali as “countries where we plan to work”. Libya and Ethiopia are flagged as nations “where cooperation is possible”. The Kremlin has recently stepped up its ground operation in Libya. Last November the Libyan commander Khalifa Haftar travelled to Moscow and met the defence minister, Sergei Shoigu. Prigozhin was spotted at the talks. Egypt is described as “traditionally supportive”.
The graphic gives an overview of “Company” activities and achievements. It claims credit in CAR for getting of rid of politicians who are “orientated to France”, including national assembly representatives and the foreign minister. This appears to be Charles-Armel Doubane, sacked in December. It has “strengthened” the army and set up newspapers and a radio station. Russia is an “83% friend”, it says.
In Madagascar the new president, Andry Rajoelina, won election with “the Company’s support”, the map says. Russia “produced and distributed the island’s biggest newspaper, with 2 million copies a month”, it adds. Rajoelina denies receiving assistance.
One ploy was to use fake news and videos to portray demonstrators in Khartoum and other Sudanese cities as “anti-Islam”, “pro-Israel” and “pro-LGBT”. The government was told to increase the price of newsprint – to make it harder for critics to get their message out – and to discover “foreigners” at anti-government rallies.
In a leaked letter Prigozhin wrote to Bashir complaining that the president had not actually followed through on the advice. Prigozhin mentioned “lack of activity” by the Sudanese government and its “extremely cautious position”.
Meanwhile, Moscow is keen to exploit a long-running territorial dispute in Comoros, the documents say. France directly controls one out of four of the Indian Ocean islands, Mayotte. In 2018 Prigozhin employees flew to Comoros via Belarus. Their objective was to test if “political technologies” might be used to inflame the row between Paris and the Comoros government.
Other suggestions in the documents include trans-African road and rail-building schemes. A railway could be built linking Dakar in Senegal with Port Sudan in Sudan, along the “old hajj [pilgrimage] route”. A separate 2,300-mile (3,700km) toll road was proposed connecting Port Sudan with Douala in Cameroon. Neither has so far happened.
A plan to revive “pan-African consciousness” appears closely modelled on the idea of Russkiy Mir, or Russian world. The concept has become fashionable under Putin and signifies Russian power and culture extended beyond current borders.
One working paper is titled “African world”. It calls for a developing “African self-identity”. It recommends collecting a database of Africans living in the US and Europe, which might be used to groom “future leaders” and “agents of influence”. The eventual goal is a “loyal chain of representatives across African territory”, the March 2018 paper says.
More immediate practical measures include setting up Russian-controlled non-governmental organisations in African states and organising local meetings.
It is unclear how many Prigozhin initiatives have actually gone forward. There is evidence that media projects mentioned in the documents are now up and running – albeit with marginal impact. They include a website, Africa Daily Voice, with its HQ in Morocco, and a French-language news service, Afrique Panorama, based in Madagascar’s capital Antananarivo.
Russian operatives also offer thoughts on global politics. One policy paper, titled “Russian influence in Africa”, says Moscow needs to find “reliable partners among African states” and should establish military bases.
«Russia launched a nuclear-powered icebreaker on Saturday, part of an ambitious program to renew and expand its fleet of the vessels in order to improve its ability to tap the Arctic’s commercial potential.»
«Designed to be crewed by 75 people, the Ural will be able to slice through ice up to around 3 meters thick.»
«The Arctic holds oil and gas reserves equivalent to 412 billion barrels of oil, about 22 percent of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas»
«The Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activThe Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activityity»
«The Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activity»
* * * * * * *
La Russia di Mr Putin ha da tempo lanciato una lunga serie di programmi volti a sfruttare le risorse energetiche rinvenibili nelle zone artiche, che detengono grosso modo il 22% delle riserve di petrolio e gas mondiali.
Due i grandi problemi da risolvere, e, si direbbe, risolti.
Il primo inerisce le difficoltà di allestire gli impianti estrattivi in condizioni climatiche particolarmente avverse.
Il secondo verte invece sulla trasportabilità del minerale estratto, essendo impossibile al momento attuale la costruzione di oleodotti o di gasdotti.
La centrale atomica montata su di una chiatta trasportabile e la flotta dei 13 rompighiaccio pesanti, sette dei quali a propulsione atomica ed in grado di sfondare strati di tre metri di ghiaccio, dovrebbero essere in grado di mantenere la rotta artica agibile sia di estate sua di inverno.
La Russia si avvia a diventare la maggior produttrice di petroli e gas naturale del mondo. Poi, avere limitrofa la Cina in espansione economica sempre più rapida, garantisce un immenso mercato, per di più servibile con rotte militarmente sicure.
ST PETERSBURG, Russia (Reuters) – Russia launched a nuclear-powered icebreaker on Saturday, part of an ambitious program to renew and expand its fleet of the vessels in order to improve its ability to tap the Arctic’s commercial potential.
The ship, dubbed the Ural and which was floated out from a dockyard in St Petersburg, is one of a trio that when completed will be the largest and most powerful icebreakers in the world.
Russia is building new infrastructure and overhauling its ports as, amid warmer climate cycles, it readies for more traffic via what it calls the Northern Sea Route (NSR) which it envisages being navigable year-round.
The Ural is due to be handed over to Russia’s state-owned nuclear energy corporation Rosatom in 2022 after the two other icebreakers in the same series, Arktika (Arctic) and Sibir (Siberia), enter service.
“The Ural together with its sisters are central to our strategic project of opening the NSR to all-year activity,” Alexey Likhachev, Rosatom’s chief executive, was quoted saying.
President Vladimir Putin said in April Russia was stepping up construction of icebreakers with the aim of significantly boosting freight traffic along its Arctic coast.
The drive is part of a push to strengthen Moscow’s hand in the High North as it vies for dominance with traditional rivals Canada, the United States and Norway, as well as newcomer China.
By 2035, Putin said Russia’s Arctic fleet would operate at least 13 heavy-duty icebreakers, nine of which would be powered by nuclear reactors.
The Arctic holds oil and gas reserves equivalent to 412 billion barrels of oil, about 22 percent of the world’s undiscovered oil and gas, the U.S. Geological Survey estimates.
Moscow hopes the route which runs from Murmansk to the Bering Strait near Alaska could take off as it cuts sea transport times from Asia to Europe.
Designed to be crewed by 75 people, the Ural will be able to slice through ice up to around 3 meters thick.
Lo spettro di sanzioni americane che vadano a colpire le banche russe e il debito sovrano di Mosca sembrerebbe recedere, proprio per la consapevolezza del Tesoro Usa dell’impatto che misure così draconiane potrebbero avere, non solo sulla Russia. E tuttavia la de-dollarizzazione dell’economia russa – il desiderio di ridurre il numero di asset vulnerabili al rischio di eventuali nuove sanzioni – prosegue per la sua strada: la Banca centrale russa non ha mai fatto mistero, in questi ultimi mesi, di voler diversificare il proprio portfolio di investimenti dopo aver rapidamente e drasticamente tagliato di quattro quinti (81 miliardi di dollari tra maggio e giugno) il numero di Treasuries in possesso di Mosca, fino a poco tempo fa tra i primi dieci Paesi investitori in titoli americani.
Equilibri rivoluzionati: lo sguardo su Pechino
La Banca di Russia pubblica ogni sei mesi il dettaglio geografico e valutario degli investimenti in oro e riserve internazionali: e il quadro che emerge dai dati pubblicati mercoledì sera – relativi dunque alla primavera scorsa – cambia drasticamente gli equilibri. Al termine del secondo trimestre 2018 le riserve internazionali russe, tra le prime al mondo (in giugno 458 miliardi di dollari, saliti attualmente a 466,9) avevano trasferito 101 miliardi dal dollaro a euro, yuan e yen: investendo l’equivalente di 44 miliardi ciascuno in euro e yuan (per un totale rispettivamente di 147 e 67 miliardi), e 21 miliardi in valuta giapponese. In questo modo, la quota cinese nel paniere valutario balza dall0 0,1% di un anno fa al 5% del primo trimestre e al 14,7% del secondo, mentre gli asset in dollari (metà, si ritiene, detenuti fuori dagli Usa) scendono dal 43,7% al minimo storico del 21,9% e quelli in euro vanno al 32%. Inoltre, secondo Morgan Stanley, nella prima metà dello scorso anno la Russia è stata nettamente il principale acquirente di bond cinesi.
Una scelta strategica dal punto di vista geopolitico, non economico, fanno notare gli analisti. E che ha la benedizione di Vladimir Putin, che più di una volta ha auspicato il passaggio all’uso di valute diverse dal dollaro nelle transazioni internazionali: passaggio non certo semplice per un Paese impegnato soprattutto nell’esportazione di materie prime, scambi basati sul dollaro nei mercati globali. «Noi non abbiamo l’obiettivo di prendere le distanze dal dollaro – aveva detto Putin poco più di un mese fa -, ma siamo costretti a farlo. E, vi assicuro, lo faremo. Solo, non vogliamo fare mosse improvvise che possano danneggiarci. Non siamo noi a lasciare il dollaro, è il dollaro che lascia noi».
L’Italia a confronto con Francia e Germania
Il rapporto della Banca centrale russa va nel dettaglio degli investimenti effettuati nel trimestre concluso a fine giugno 2018. Una parte delle attività trasferite sull’euro riguarda titoli di Stato francesi: la quota degli investimenti che fanno capo alla Francia, secondo i dati di Bank Rossii, è cresciuta nel trimestre dal 12 al 15,5% del totale. Leggermente inferiore la quota di attivi tedeschi, scesi nel trimestre dal 12,9 al 12,7. Nel rapporto che accompagna i dati, la Banca centrale dedica un paragrafo all’Italia, spiegando che il programma politico del nuovo governo entrato in carica in maggio «contiene tra l’altro un aumento radicale del deficit di bilancio». Uno scenario che «ha contribuito alla caduta dell’euro, e anche all’aumento della domanda di titoli di Stato di Germania e Francia, più affidabili a confronto con quelli italiani».
Il segreto militare più gelosamente custodito dal Kremlin è come faccia Mr Putin a sfornare in continuazione sofisticati sistemi d’arma, allo stato dell’arte, ma spesso anche precursori, spendendo quattro rubli.
Il 23 aprile è stato varato il Belgorod, Project 09852 KC-139 Belgorod (KS-139 “Белгород”).
Covert Shores ne riporta il dettaglio tecnico sia di questo sottomarino sia del suo armamento.
«One of the largest submarines in the world, the unique Project 09852 KC-139 Belgorod (KS-139 “Белгород”) will play a key role in building military infrastructure deep under the Arctic as well as carrying the new Poseidon Intercontinental Nuclear-Powered Nuclear-Armed Autonomous Torpedo. She is an unfinished OSCAR-II cruise missile submarine which is being converted to serve as a Special Missions host submarine (known as Project 09852). It will be crewed by the Russian Navy but operated under GUGI, the secretive Main Directorate Deep Sea Research organization. In order to conduct covert special missions, it will carry a deep diving midget submarine, large payloads and the new KANYON (Status-6) strategic nuclear torpedo weapon. The project started in 2010, with the refit commencing in 2012, and is expected to be completed this year.»
Operating depth: Estimated as 500-520 meters per OSCAR-II SSGN
Propulsion: nuclear (2 x pressurized water reactor OK-650M.02 with a capacity of 190 MW driving two steam turbines and twin screws. Plus at least two outboard thrusters.
Crew: TBC. estimated 110
Armament: 6 x Poseidon (KANYON) nuclear torpedoes (if fitted), 6 x 533 mm (21″) torpedo tubes with up to 28 torpedoes»
* * *
«Russia has launched the Project 09852 Special Mission Submarine KC-139 Belgorod at the Sevmash Shipyard, located in Severodvinsk in northern Russia, on April 23»
«It is reportedly the first nuclear-powered submarine capable of carrying the nuclear-capable underwater drone “Poseidon,” alternatively referred to as an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV), autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), or simply an intercontinental-range, nuclear autonomous torpedo»
«The Belgorod is slated to enter service with the Russian Navy in 2020 following nuclear reactor and dockside trials»
«The submarine, based on the 949A Oscar II-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine (SSGN), while crewed by the Russian Navy, will be operated by the Main Directorate Deep Sea Research (GUGI) organization»
The Defense Ministry Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research 10th Department (or the submarine intelligence service) was established in 1976, responsible for Russian ‘underwater engineering’. Hydronauts [“Deep-sea spetsnaz”] is a term that is relatively new, even to long-time students of Russian military affairs. A check of sources within the Russian military indicates that the topic is rarely discussed in the open press, if at all. The force, which uses submarines, is an Army and not a Navy unit. The force’s focus is to bug communications cables, install movement sensors, and collect the wreckage of ships, aircraft, and satellites from the seabed. These divers work at depths of 3000-6000 meters in miniature submarines.
These submarines were officially referred to as “nuclear deep-water station” and abbreviated AU. Sailors call them “kids” – assigned to the Ministry of Defense and worked on the instructions of the Main Intelligence Directorate. Only the 1986 were the submarines added to the lists of the navy. However, the management of their activities was still carried out directly from Moscow.
Project 1910 nuclear powered deepwater stations were designed to perform specific tasks in the depths of the oceans, and were intended to replace the previous generation of deep-towed vehicles “Seliger”.
In 1979, for basic maintenance and operation of the ACS carriers at the Northern Fleet at Gadzhiyevo [Bay of deer] initiated the formation of the 29th separate brigade of submarines.
According to the site editor MilitaryRussia Dmitry Kornev, in 1980-2000 years of the machine with the main management of deep-sea research carried out special missions in the Japan Sea, the North Atlantic and the Arctic. The 45707 military unit was stationed in the city of Peterhof Leningrad region. Structurally related to the General Directorate of the Russian Defense Ministry deep-sea research.
Izvestiya was told by former naval officer and hydronaut Vladimir Ashik that his colleagues’ job was to collect intelligence information about enemy equipment, protect and service Soviet deep-water communications lines, and bring up from the bottom the wreckage of secret equipment left behind after tests or accidents.
In the early 2000s the Defense Ministry’s special center in Moscow was reorganized to form the Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research, whose work was classified.»
Solo a scopo esplicativo del lavoro svolto:
«According to figures from the Comptroller’s Office auditors, the hydronauts were the most highly paid employees in the military — they were receiving 500,000-600,000 [rubles] a month. For comparison, the commander of a motorized rifle brigade in Siberia and the Far East receives no more than 80,000 rubles a month, while the commander of a strategic bomber base with the rank of colonel receives no more than 180,000.»
Ufficialmente, questo nuovo sommergibile servirà per una migliore esplorazione pacifica dei fondali oceanici e per la preservazione delle specie animali che vi albergano.
Ciò che farà non interessa nulla a nessuno: è per questo motivo che non si rilasciano particolari.
The first nuclear-powered submarine reportedly capable of carrying the Poseidon underwater drone was launched on April 23.
Russia has launched the Project 09852 Special Mission Submarine KC-139 Belgorod at the Sevmash Shipyard, located in Severodvinsk in northern Russia, on April 23. It is reportedly the first nuclear-powered submarine capable of carrying the nuclear-capable underwater drone “Poseidon,” alternatively referred to as an unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV), autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV), or simply an intercontinental-range, nuclear autonomous torpedo.
The Belgorod is slated to enter service with the Russian Navy in 2020 following nuclear reactor and dockside trials. The submarine, based on the 949A Oscar II-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine (SSGN), while crewed by the Russian Navy, will be operated by the Main Directorate Deep Sea Research (GUGI) organization. The submarine, according to the website Covert Shores, will carry a deep diving midget submarine for covert special missions. It is expected to be deployed under the Arctic and used for the covert installation of a Russian underwater sonar network.
During the April 23 launch ceremony, Vice-Admiral Alexei Burilichev, Head of the Main Directorate of Deep-Sea Research of the Russian Ministry Defense (MoD), specifically singled out the Arctic as a future area of operations for the sub: “With the advent of this ship in the fleet, the Russian Federation will increase its ability to study the oceans, including the Arctic,” he was quoted as saying by TASS news agency.
The submarine was laid down at the Sevmash Shipyard in July 1992 but its construction was suspended in 1997. Work on the unfinished 949A Oscar II-class SSGN began again in 2012 following a redesign of the sub undertaken by the Rubin Central Design Bureau in St. Petersburg as a special purpose submarine. With a reported lengths of 184 meters, the Belgorod is set to become the Russian Navy’s largest submarine by its length. (The sub has a reported displacement of around 15,000 tonnes when surfaced.)
There is no official confirmation that the new sub will carry the Poseidon UUV, also known under Ocean Multipurpose System Status-6 or “Kanyon” by the U.S. intelligence community. As I reportedly previously, the Russian Navy is expected to receive up to 30 Poseidon UUV with the first batch slated for delivery in the late 2020s. It remains unclear the UUV serves only as a nuclear-warhead delivery platform or could be used for other purposes including intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions.
According to a Russian defense industry source, the Project 09852 submarine will be able carry up to six Poseidon UUVs, although as mentioned previously, some sources cited eight. “Two Poseidon-carrying submarines are expected to enter service with the Northern Fleet and the other two will join the Pacific Fleet,” a Russian defense industry source told TASS news agency in January. “Each of the submarines will carry a maximum of eight drones and, therefore, the total number of Poseidons on combat duty may reach 32 vehicles.”
The second Poseidon-carrying sub will reportedly be the Project 09851 submarine Khabarovsk, purportedly a downsized variant of the Borei-class of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines. The sub is slated to be launched in the spring of 2020 and handed over to the Russian Navy in 2022, according to another source.
Il 12 marzo 2015, quasi a termine della crisi economica allora in atto, le riserva valutarie erano scese a 356.7 miliardi Usd.
Nel contempo, le riserve auree russe sono ancora crescite, raggiungendo le 2,119.2 tonnellate di oro. Nel luglio 2016 tali riserve ammontavano a 1,498.74 tonnellate.
Diamo con piacere atto a Mr Putin ed alla Mrs Nebulina, Governatrice della Banca Centrale, di ottima abilità e di una pazienza degna delle formiche.
Diamo anche atto con altrettanto piacere di aver saputo scegliere a suo tempo una persona del valore di Mrs Nebulina: di rara preparazione tecnica, sempre sorridente, silenziosissima. Le capacità di un capo si esprimono anche nella scelta dei propri collaboratori.
Il primo grande capo di accusa che l’Occidente muove a Mr Putin è quello di essere un russo che sta facendo gli interessi del suo paese.
Il secondo capo di accusa è di essere colto ed intelligente.
Se Mr Putin facesse gli interessi degli occidentali e fosse anche un fesso, un babbeo da poter menare per il naso, i liberal socialisti lo osannerebbero.
In dieci anni, lavorando come una formica, Mr Putin si è portato a casa più di 1,500 tonnellate di oro fisico.
«But nobody ever accused Putin of the lack of intelligence»
«Any accusations against this man only emphasize his ability for quick analytical thinking and making clear and balanced political and economic decisions»
«Therefore, Putin’s policy largely has always focused not so much on effect, but on efficiency»
«Very few people understand what Putin is doing at the moment. And almost no one understands what he will do in the future»
«Europe will not be able to survive without energy supply from Russia»
«Russia, having a regular flow of dollars from the sale of oil and gas, in any case, will be able to convert them to gold with current gold prices, depressed by all means by the West. That is, at the price of gold, which had been artificially and meticulously lowered by the Fed and ESF many times, against artificially inflated purchasing power of the dollar through market manipulation»
«China recently announced that it will cease to increase its gold and currency reserves denominated in US dollars»
«Analysis of the current monetary policy of China shows that most likely the dollars coming from trade, or a substantial chunk of them, China will quietly replace and de facto is already replacing with Gold.»
«Emphasis on the phrase “physical gold” is made because in exchange for its physical, not ‘paper’ energy resources, Russia is now withdrawing gold from the West, but only in its physical, not paper form»
«Putin has thereby started the countdown to the end of the world hegemony of petrodollar. Thus, Putin has put the West in a deadlock of the absence of any positive economic prospects»
«USSR rapidly sold gold during the fall of oil prices. Russia rapidly buys gold during the fall in oil prices»
«Leading Western economists are certainly aware of the severity of the predicament and hopelessness of the situation the Western world finds itself in, in Putin’s economic gold trap»
«How long will the West be able to buy oil and gas from Russia in exchange for physical gold?»
Accusations of the West towards Putin are traditionally based on the fact that he worked in the KGB. And therefore he is a cruel and immoral person. Putin is blamed for everything. But nobody ever accused Putin of the lack of intelligence.
Any accusations against this man only emphasize his ability for quick analytical thinking and making clear and balanced political and economic decisions.
Often Western media compares this ability with the ability of a grandmaster, conducting a public chess simul. Recent developments in US economy and the West in general allow us to conclude that in this part of the assessment of Putin’s personality Western media are absolutely right.
Despite numerous success reports in the style of Fox News and CNN, today, Western economy, led by the United States is in Putin’s trap, the way out of which no one in the West can see or find. And the more the West is trying to escape from this trap, the more stuck it becomes.
What is the truly tragic predicament of the West and the United States, in which they find themselves? And why all the Western media and leading Western economists are silent about this, as a well guarded military secret? Let’s try to understand the essence of current economic events, in the context of the economy, setting aside the factors of morality, ethics and geopolitics.
After realizing its failure in Ukraine, the West, led by the US set out to destroy Russian economy by lowering oil prices, and accordingly gas prices as the main budget sources of export revenue in Russia and the main sources of replenishment of Russian gold reserves. It should be noted that the main failure of the West in Ukraine is not military or political. But in the actual refusal of Putin to fund the Western project of Ukraine at the expense of the budget of Russian Federation. What makes this Western project not viable in the near and inevitable future.
Last time under president Reagan, such actions of the West’s lowering of oil prices led to ‘success’ and the collapse of USSR. But history does not repeat itself all the time. This time things are different for the West. Putin’s response to the West resembles both chess and judo, when the strength used by the enemy is used against him, but with minimal costs to the strength and resources of the defender. Putin’s real policies are not public. Therefore, Putin’s policy largely has always focused not so much on effect, but on efficiency.
Very few people understand what Putin is doing at the moment. And almost no one understands what he will do in the future.
No matter how strange it may seem, but right now, Putin is selling Russian oil and gas only for physical gold.
Putin is not shouting about it all over the world. And of course, he still accepts US dollars as an intermediate means of payment. But he immediately exchanges all these dollars obtained from the sale of oil and gas for physical gold!
To understand this, it is enough to look at the dynamics of growth of gold reserves of Russia and to compare this data with foreign exchange earnings of the Russia coming from the sale of oil and gas over the same period.
Moreover, in the third quarter the purchases by Russia of physical gold are at all-time high record levels. In the third quarter of this year, Russia had purchased an incredible amount of gold in the amount of 55 tons. It’s more than all the central banks of all countries of the world combined (according to official data)!
In total, the central banks of all countries of the world have purchased 93 tons of the precious metal in the third quarter of 2014. It was the 15th consecutive quarter of net purchases of gold by Central banks. Of the 93 tonnes of gold purchases by central banks around the world during this period, the staggering volume of purchases – of 55 tons – belongs to Russia.
Not so long ago, British scientists have successfully come to the same conclusion, as was published in the Conclusion of the U.S. Geological survey a few years ago. Namely: Europe will not be able to survive without energy supply from Russia. Translated from English to any other language in the world it means: “The world will not be able to survive if oil and gas from Russia is subtracted from the global balance of energy supply”.
Thus, the Western world, built on the hegemony of the petrodollar, is in a catastrophic situation. In which it cannot survive without oil and gas supplies from Russia. And Russia is now ready to sell its oil and gas to the West only in exchange for physical gold! The twist of Putin’s game is that the mechanism for the sale of Russian energy to the West only for gold now works regardless of whether the West agrees to pay for Russian oil and gas with its artificially cheap gold, or not.
Because Russia, having a regular flow of dollars from the sale of oil and gas, in any case, will be able to convert them to gold with current gold prices, depressed by all means by the West. That is, at the price of gold, which had been artificially and meticulously lowered by the Fed and ESF many times, against artificially inflated purchasing power of the dollar through market manipulation.
Interesting fact: the suppression of gold prices by the special department of US Government – ESF (Exchange Stabilization Fund) – with the aim of stabilizing the dollar has been made into a law in the United States.
In the financial world it is accepted as a given that gold is an antidollar.
– In 1971, US President Richard Nixon closed the ‘gold window’, ending the free exchange of dollars for gold, guaranteed by the US in 1944 at Bretton Woods.
– In 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin has reopened the ‘gold window’, without asking Washington’s permission.
Right now the West spends much of its efforts and resources to suppress the prices of gold and oil. Thereby, on the one hand to distort the existing economic reality in favor of the US dollar and on the other hand, to destroy the Russian economy, refusing to play the role of obedient vassal of the West.
Today assets such as gold and oil look proportionally weakened and excessively undervalued against the US dollar. It is a consequence of the enormous economic effort on the part of the West.
And now Putin sells Russian energy resources in exchange for these US dollars, artificially propped by the efforts of the West. With which he immediately buys gold, artificially devalued against the U.S. dollar by the efforts of the West itself!
There is another interesting element in Putin’s game. It’s Russian uranium. Every sixth light bulb in the USA depends on its supply. Which Russia sells to the US too, for dollars.
Thus, in exchange for Russian oil, gas and uranium, the West pays Russia with dollars, purchasing power of which is artificially inflated against oil and gold by the efforts of the West. But Putin uses these dollars only to withdraw physical gold from the West in exchange, for the price denominated in US dollars, artificially lowered by the same West.
This truly brilliant economic combination by Putin puts the West led by the United States in a position of a snake, aggressively and diligently devouring its own tail.
The idea of this economic golden trap for the West, probably originated not from Putin himself. Most likely it was the idea of Putin’s Advisor for Economic Affairs – doctor Sergey Glazyev. Otherwise why seemingly not involved in business bureaucrat Glazyev, along with many Russian businessmen, was personally included by Washington on the sanction list? The idea of an economist, doctor Glazyev was brilliantly executed by Putin, with full endorsement from his Chinese colleague – Xi Jinping.
Especially interesting in this context looks the November statement of the first Deputy Chairman of Central Bank of Russia Ksenia Yudaeva, which stressed that the Central Bank of Russia can use the gold from its reserves to pay for imports, if needed. It is obvious that in terms of sanctions by the Western world, this statement is addressed to the BRICS countries, and first of all China. For China, Russia’s willingness to pay for goods with Western gold is very convenient. And here’s why:
China recently announced that it will cease to increase its gold and currency reserves denominated in US dollars. Considering the growing trade deficit between the US and China (the current difference is five times in favor of China), then this statement translated from the financial language reads: “China stops selling their goods for dollars”. The world’s media chose not to notice this grandest in the recent monetary history event . The issue is not that China literally refuses to sell its goods for US dollars. China, of course, will continue to accept US dollars as an intermediate means of payment for its goods. But, having taken dollars, China will immediately get rid of them and replace with something else in the structure of its gold and currency reserves. Otherwise the statement made by the monetary authorities of China loses its meaning: “We are stopping the increase of our gold and currency reserves, denominated in US dollars.” That is, China will no longer buy United States Treasury bonds for dollars earned from trade with any countries, as they did this before.
Thus, China will replace all the dollars that it will receive for its goods not only from the US but from all over the world with something else not to increase their gold currency reserves, denominated in US dollars. And here is an interesting question: what will China replace all the trade dollars with? What currency or an asset? Analysis of the current monetary policy of China shows that most likely the dollars coming from trade, or a substantial chunk of them, China will quietly replace and de facto is already replacing with Gold.
In this aspect, the solitaire of Russian-Chinese relations is extremely successful for Moscow and Beijing. Russia buys goods from China directly for gold at its current price. While China buys Russian energy resources for gold at its current price. At this Russian-Chinese festival of life there is a place for everything: Chinese goods, Russian energy resources, and gold – as a means of mutual payment. Only US dollar has no place at this festival of life. And this is not surprising. Because the US dollar is not a Chinese product, nor a Russian energy resource. It is only an intermediate financial instrument of settlement – and an unnecessary intermediary. And it is customary to exclude unnecessary intermediaries from the interaction of two independent business partners.
It should be noted separately that the global market for physical gold is extremely small relative to the world market for physical oil supplies. And especially the world market for physical gold is microscopic compared to the entirety of world markets for physical delivery of oil, gas, uranium and goods.
Emphasis on the phrase “physical gold” is made because in exchange for its physical, not ‘paper’ energy resources, Russia is now withdrawing gold from the West, but only in its physical, not paper form. So does China, by acquiring from the West the artificially devalued physical gold as a payment for physical delivery of real products to the West.
The West’s hopes that Russia and China will accept as payment for their energy resources and goods “shitcoin” or so-called “paper gold” of various kinds also did not materialize. Russia and China are only interested in gold and only physical metal as a final means of payment.
For reference: the turnover of the market of paper gold, only of gold futures, is estimated at $360 billion per month. But physical delivery of gold is only for $280 million a month. Which makes the ratio of trade of paper gold versus physical gold: 1000 to 1.
Using the mechanism of active withdrawal from the market of one artificially lowered by the West financial asset (gold) in exchange for another artificially inflated by the West financial asset (USD), Putin has thereby started the countdown to the end of the world hegemony of petrodollar. Thus, Putin has put the West in a deadlock of the absence of any positive economic prospects. The West can spend as much of its efforts and resources to artificially increase the purchasing power of the dollar, lower oil prices and artificially lower the purchasing power of gold. The problem of the West is that the stocks of physical gold in possession of the West are not unlimited. Therefore, the more the West devalues oil and gold against the US dollar, the faster it loses devaluing Gold from its not infinite reserves. In this brilliantly played by Putin economic combination the physical gold is rapidly flowing to Russia, China, Brazil, Kazakhstan and India, the BRICS countries, from the reserves of the West. At the current rate of reduction of reserves of physical gold, the West simply does not have the time to do anything against Putin’s Russia until the collapse of the entire Western petrodollar world. In chess the situation in which Putin has put the West, led by the US, is called “time trouble”.
The Western world has never faced such economic events and phenomena that are happening right now. USSR rapidly sold gold during the fall of oil prices. Russia rapidly buys gold during the fall in oil prices. Thus, Russia poses a real threat to the American model of petrodollar world domination.
The main principle of world petrodollar model is allowing Western countries led by the United States to live at the expense of the labor and resources of other countries and peoples based on the role of the US currency, dominant in the global monetary system (GMS) . The role of the US dollar in the GMS is that it is the ultimate means of payment. This means that the national currency of the United States in the structure of the GMS is the ultimate asset accumulator, to exchange which to any other asset does not make sense.What the BRICS countries, led by Russia and China, are doing now is actually changing the role and status of the US dollar in the global monetary system. From the ultimate means of payment and asset accumulation, the national currency of the USA, by the joint actions of Moscow and Beijing is turned into only an intermediate means of payment. Intended only to exchange this interim payment for another and the ulimate financial asset – gold. Thus, the US dollar actually loses its role as the ultimate means of payment and asset accumulation, yielding both of those roles to another recognized, denationalized and depoliticized monetary asset – gold.
Traditionally, the West has used two methods to eliminate the threat to the hegemony of petrodollar model in the world and the consequent excessive privileges for the West.
One of these methods – colored revolutions. The second method, which is usually applied by the West, if the first fails – military aggression and bombing.
But in Russia’s case both of these methods are either impossible or unacceptable for the West.
Because, firstly, the population of Russia, unlike people in many other countries, does not wish to exchange their freedom and the future of their children for Western sausage. This is evident from the record ratings of Putin, regularly published by the leading Western rating agencies. Personal friendship of Washington protégé Navalny with Senator McCain played for him and Washington a very negative role. Having learned this fact from the media, 98% of the Russian population now perceive Navalny only as a vassal of Washington and a traitor of Russia’s national interests. Therefore Western professionals, who have not yet lost their mind, cannot dream about any colour revolution in Russia.
As for the second traditional Western way of direct military aggression, Russia is certainly not Yugoslavia, not Iraq or Libya. In any non-nuclear military operation against Russia, on the territory of Russia, the West led by the US is doomed to defeat. And the generals in the Pentagon exercising real leadership of NATO forces are aware of this. Similarly hopeless is a nuclear war against Russia, including the concept of so-called “preventive disarming nuclear strike”. NATO is simply not technically able to strike a blow that would completely disarm the nuclear potential of Russia in all its many manifestations. A massive nuclear retaliatory strike on the enemy or a pool of enemies would be inevitable. And its total capacity will be enough for survivors to envy the dead. That is, an exchange of nuclear strikes with a country like Russia is not a solution to the looming problem of the collapse of a petrodollar world. It is in the best case, a final chord and the last point in the history of its existence. In the worst case – a nuclear winter and the demise of all life on the planet, except for the bacteria mutated from radiation.
The Western economic establishment can see and understand the essence of the situation. Leading Western economists are certainly aware of the severity of the predicament and hopelessness of the situation the Western world finds itself in, in Putin’s economic gold trap. After all, since the Bretton Woods agreements, we all know the Golden rule: “Who has more gold sets the rules.” But everyone in the West is silent about it. Silent because no one knows now how to get out of this situation.
If you explain to the Western public all the details of the looming economic disaster, the public will ask the supporters of a petrodollar world the most terrible questions, which will sound like this:
How long will the West be able to buy oil and gas from Russia in exchange for physical gold? And what will happen to the US petrodollar after the West runs out of physical gold to pay for Russian oil, gas and uranium, as well as to pay for Chinese goods?
No one in the West today can answer these seemingly simple questions.
And this is called “Checkmate”, ladies and gentlemen. The game is over.
Giorni fa tre navi ukraine si sono avvicinate alle acque territoriali russe al largo di Kerc: i russi le hanno cannoneggiate e quindi catturate.
È scoppiato il finimondo.
Mr Macron e Frau Merkel avrebbero voluto invadere immediatamente la Russia, poi hanno dovuto desistere non disponendo di esercito. Si sono limitati a parole grevi, minacciando l’ulteriore inasprimento delle sanzioni, salvo restando che la Russia continui a far arrivare in Europa il gas naturale.
Il commento migliore è stato quello del presidente Trump.
«President Trump said Wednesday that he “didn’t like” Russia’s capture of three Ukraine naval vessels and called on European leaders to “get involved” — but stopped short of leveling any criticism at Vladimir Putin for ratcheting up tensions in the region»
«We’re going to see, we’re going to find out what happened. I didn’t like the incident and we’re getting a report on what’s going on»
«”Angela, let’s get involved Angela!” he added, referring to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, exaggerating the pronunciation of her first name»
«The president said that France should also get involved, but didn’t elaborate on what actions the two countries»
«There was a question — was a warning given? Did they [the Ukranian vessels] let them know they’re coming through? Because they have a system I guess. It’s been working»
* * * * * * *
«Ci sarebbe una domanda da porsi. È stato dato un avvertimento? L’Ukraina aveva fatto sapere ai russi che stanno arrivando? Perché hanno un sistema, credo. »
Questo è il vero quesito da porsi.
L’Ukraina aveva o meno avvisato i russi che delle sue navi da guerra, in realtà tre vecchie carrette, si sarebbero avvicinate a Kerc?
I soliti malpensanti potrebbero anche malignare che tutto ciò che è successo sia stato fatto a posta al solo fine di impedire oppure rendere più difficile il summit in programma tra Mr Trump e Mr Putin.
President Trump said Wednesday that he “didn’t like” Russia’s capture of three Ukraine naval vessels and called on European leaders to “get involved” — but stopped short of leveling any criticism at Vladimir Putin for ratcheting up tensions in the region.
“We’re going to see, we’re going to find out what happened. I didn’t like the incident and we’re getting a report on what’s going on,” Trump told The Post during a 36-minute Oval Office interview.
”Angela, let’s get involved Angela!” he added, referring to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, exaggerating the pronunciation of her first name.
The president said that France should also get involved, but didn’t elaborate on what actions the two countries — which have both criticized Russia, as has UN Ambassador Nikki Haley — should take.
“It shouldn’t happen, it shouldn’t happen,” Trump said.
But at the same time he noted: “There was a question — was a warning given? Did they [the Ukranian vessels] let them know they’re coming through? Because they have a system I guess. It’s been working.”
Meanwhile, the Kremlin said Wednesday it still expects a meeting between Putin and Trump to go ahead as planned despite a suggestion from the president that it could be canceled.
Trump said Tuesday that he may cancel the sit-down with Putin at the G-20 meeting in Argentina following Russia’s seizure of the three Ukrainian ships last weekend.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that the meeting was on and that Russia has not received “any other information from our US counterparts.”
Putin’s foreign affairs adviser, Yuri Ushakov, noted that the meeting, which is set for Saturday, has been prepared through official channels and Moscow expects Washington to notify it of any changes in the same way.
“This meeting is necessary for both sides,” Ushakov said. “It’s important in view of the developing situation in the world.”
The long-simmering conflict between Russia and Ukraine burst into the open on Sunday, when Russian border guards fired on three Ukrainian vessels and seized the ships and the crew.
Trump said he would be receiving a “full report” from his national security team on Russia’s recent actions in eastern Ukraine and the Black Sea, and would decide afterward.
Il grande Gilbert Chesterton lo aveva detto quasi un secolo fa:
«…terminerà. Non potrà non terminare, perchè si basa su una bugia.
Proseguirà fino al suo apice. Seguirà l’inevitabile declino.
Allora inizierà una nuova grande marcia. La marcia della ricostruzione intellettuale. La marcia del ritorno alla realtà. Tutto ciò che è reale sarà affermato.
Tutto ciò che non è reale sarà negato.
Ridiventerà ragionevole affermare le pietre della strada; ridiventerà un dogma fideista negarle.
Sarà di nuovo una forma dissennata di misticismo dire che siamo tutti immersi in un sogno; sarà di nuovo razionale asserire che siamo tutti svegli.
Noi saremo lì.
Attizzeremo i nostri fuochi per testimoniare che due più due fa quattro.
Sguaineremo le nostre spade per dimostrare che le foglie sono verdi in estate.»
* * * * * * *
La devoluzione delle ideologie liberal e socialista ha come diretta conseguenza che nuove persone e differenti modi di vedere stanno loro subentrando al governo delle nazioni occidentali. Privi del potere statale, e delle sovvenzioni che da esso discendono, anche gli intellettuali liberal si stanno avviando al declino. Tutto richiede il suo tempo, vi sono ancora moltissimi focolai di resistenza e centri di potere, specie poi a livello parastatale, ma il trend è segnato.
Poi, con la scomparsa politica di Frau Merkel, in Europa e nella Unione Europea sparisce un grandioso bastione a sostegno di quelle ideologie, che oramai possono contare soltanto sul protoplasmatico Mr Macron, di cui verosimilmente avrebbero fatto volentieri a meno.
Sta estinguendosi la più robusta ed accanita schiera di negatori professionali e cronici dell’evidenza dei fatti. Al suo posto sta subentrando lentamente ma implacabilmente una nuova generazione orgogliosa e fiera del proprio retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale. Ossia proprio di ciò che liberal socialisti avversavano odiandolo di odio mortale.
«Immortale odium et numquam sanabile vulnus.»
Questa frase di Giovenale, Satire 15, 34, fu incisa sulla medaglia massonica commemoratrice dei torbidi legati alla traslazione della salma di San Pio IX.
Ma, ce lo si ricordi sempre bene, si è prima depravati nella mente e nel cuore, e solo dopo nell’agire, anche in quello sessuale. Ben dipinge Virgilio il sentimento di quanti si facciano caricatura di femmina:
«Notumque furens quid femina possit» (Aen, 5, 6).
Uno dei pilastri portanti delle ideologie liberal e socialista è l’odio verso la religione cristiana, odio che arriva al punto di negarne la stessa esistenza. Conseguentemente, esse negano quell’evidenza dei fatti delle radici cristiane dell’Europa, come se fosse facile nascondere le cattedrali gotiche oppure l’arte pittorica tardo medievale.
Mr Putin, di cui tutto può essere detto tranne che sia poco intelligente, ben ha razionalizzato questa situazione.
«Vladimir Putin says the adoption of Christianity more than 1,000 years ago in territory that later became Russia marked the starting point for forming the Russian nation itself»
«Putin’s comments came Saturday in a ceremony marking the 1,030th anniversary of the adoption by Christianity by Prince Vladimir, the leader of Kievan Rus, a loose federation of Slavic tribes that preceded the Russian state»
«Christianity was “the starting point for the formation and development of Russian statehood, the true spiritual birth of our ancestors, the determination of their identity. Identity, the flowering of national culture and education.”»
Vladimir Putin says the adoption of Christianity more than 1,000 years ago in territory that later became Russia marked the starting point for forming the Russian nation itself.
Putin’s comments came Saturday in a ceremony marking the 1,030th anniversary of the adoption by Christianity by Prince Vladimir, the leader of Kievan Rus, a loose federation of Slavic tribes that preceded the Russian state.
Speaking to thousands of clergy and believers at a huge statue of the prince outside the Kremlin, Putin said adopting Christianity was “the starting point for the formation and development of Russian statehood, the true spiritual birth of our ancestors, the determination of their identity. Identity, the flowering of national culture and education.”
The comments underline the strong ties between Putin’s government and the Russian Orthodox Church.
Il presidente della Russia indica la «cristianizzazione» come matrice identitaria del Paese, della sua forza e del suo protagonismo storico. Critiche e allarmi dai circoli che in passato sostenevano con slancio le «battaglie culturali» per riaffermare le radici dell’Occidente
Domenica scorsa, nelle chiese della Russia, dell’Ucraina e di altri Paesi un tempo compresi nell’impero russo, tanti cristiani hanno celebrato la festa per i 1130 anni dal battesimo del principe Vladimir il Grande nelle acque del fiume Dnepr, rinnovando anch’essi le proprie promesse battesimali. Anche il presidente russo Vladimir Putin ha approfittato dell’anniversario di quell’evento storico – celebrato come l’inizio della conversione al cristianesimo degli slavi orientali – per ripetere con forza che proprio l a “cristianizzazione” del Gran Principe dell’antica Rus’ di Kiev e dei suoi sudditi rappresenta anche l’atto fondativo della «statualità russa», e la radice perenne che nutre l’identità del popolo russo e la sua missione storica nel mondo.
Putin – che dell’antico monarca battezzato a Cherson nel 988 porta anche il nome – ha riaffermato il legame a suo giudizio viscerale tra cristianesimo e identità russa intervenendo alla cerimonia svoltasi domenica a Mosca, alla presenza del patriarca Kirill, presso il monumento dedicato al principe Vladimir. Il discorso presidenziale, calibrato in ogni parola, ha riproposto ai massimi livelli la «cristianizzazione» come matrice identitaria della Russia, della sua forza e del suo protagonismo storico.
Seguendo i passi del “Principe guerriero”
La conversione al cristianesimo – ha insistito Putin nel suo intervento – è stato «il punto di partenza per l’istituzione e lo sviluppo della compagine statale russa», la vera «nascita spirituale» che ha determinato l’identità e l’autocoscienza «dei nostri antenati», e ha anche irrigato «la prosperità della cultura e dell’educazione nazionale», favorendo «legami multiformi con altri Paesi». Anche il protagonismo storico del popolo russo, secondo Putin, non ha la sua genesi in vittorie militari o pulsioni egemoniche, ma in quell’evento con «portata civile» e «potere spirituale trasformante» che ha «predeterminato la secolare strada della Russia e ha avuto effetto sul suo intero sviluppo globale». Lodando la saggezza e la lungimiranza degli avi che “scelsero” il cristianesimo di tradizione bizantina, Putin si è anche soffermato sulla figura del principe Vladimir, il «guerriero» che «affrontò crudeli scontri e prove», e sotto la cui guida «furono costruite chiese, monasteri, città, scuole e biblioteche», animato dall’intuizione che il cristianesimo avrebbe fornito supporto morale e le basi per «consolidare l’unità e l’identità dei popoli che abitavano l’antica Rus’».
L’onda “cristianista” in versione russa
Le suggestioni contenute nel discorso di Putin dedicato al principe Vladimir non sono nuove. Parole e concetti analoghi erano stati espressi da “zar” Putin già cinque anni fa, quando aveva potuto celebrare i 1025 anni dalla conversione della Rus’ di Kiev proprio nella capitale dell’Ucraina, allora retta dal presidente “amico” Viktor Yanukovich. Da allora, con la crisi ucraina e l’intervento militare diretto in Siria, a cambiare sono stati la rilevanza geopolitica della Russia e i rapporti con molti Paesi della Nato. Negli interventi della leadership russa e anche degli esponenti più in vista del Patriarcato di Mosca – il patriarca Kirill e il metropolita Hilarion – si accentuano i toni di misticismo patriottico, quelli che esaltano l’Ortodossia russa come “anima” e scrigno dell’orgoglio identitario nazionale.
In ambienti occidentali aumentano allarmi e critiche verso l’utilizzo del cristianesimo come fattore coagulante della propria identità etnica, culturale e di civiltà. Eppure, mutatis mutandis, accenti e linee di pensiero degli attuali apparati russi mostrano evidenti assonanze con quelli utilizzati per decenni anche in Occidente da settori politici e anche ecclesiastici – dall’“Action Francaise” fino alle lobby neo-con di matrice nordatlantica – avvezzi a valorizzare e ridurre il dinamismo cristiano a principio religioso di identificazione culturale.
Durante la guerra di Corea, nel suo messaggio natalizio del 1951, il presidente USA Harry Truman identificava l’auspicato trionfo sul fronte coreano con la vittoria iniziata nel mondo con la nascita di Gesù: «Noi – diceva Truman rivolto soprattutto ai soldati del suo Paese – saremo forti solo se conserveremo la fede, la fede che può muovere le montagne e che, come dice San Paolo, è sostanza di cose sperate e evidenza di cose non vedute. La vittoria che raggiungeremo ci è stata promessa tanto tempo fa, nelle parole del coro degli angeli che cantavano sopra Betlemme: “Gloria a Dio nell’alto dei cieli, e sulla terra pace e buona volontà agli uomini”».
Certe parole d’ordine ora in auge nella leadership putiniana rappresentano la versione russa di tendenze presenti anche in altri mondi. Pulsioni identitarie sempre esposte al rischio di contraffare le parole cristiane in chiave ideologica o di ridurle a fattori di produzione e ispirazione culturale.
Tra i critici del nuovo identitarismo misticheggiante pan russo figurano in prima linea anche settori ecclesiali e culturali che pure, negli ultimi decenni, erano militanti entusiasti delle battaglie culturali per riaffermare la rilevanza del cristianesimo come radice culturale fondativa della civiltà occidentale. Segno che forse le pulsioni identitarie di marca russa risultano indigeste a molti soprattutto per ragioni di banale allineamento con gli assi delle proprie militanze. E sudditanze “geopolitiche”.
A dirla franca, le Pussy Riot sono più famose in Occidente che in Russia.
E, verosimilmente, sono più famose per gli ampi spazi loro concessi dai media liberal che per audience generale. Solo che sono popolari tra i liberal che leggono compitandoli i loro giornali: gli altri usualmente le ignorano come se nulla fosse.
«Pussy Riot è un collettivo punk rock russo, femminista e politicamente impegnato che agisce sotto rigoroso anonimato: le attiviste organizzano proteste per lo sviluppo della democrazia, in Russia e altre parti del mondo. ….
Pussy è un termine equivocabile in quanto significa micio e, nello slang anglosassone, indica vagina; riot significa rivolta.
Il gruppo è attivo a Mosca, città che fa da palcoscenico ai flash mob e alle performance estemporanee attraverso cui il gruppo dà espressione a provocazioni politiche nei confronti dell’establishment politico e istituzionale, su argomenti come la situazione delle donne in Russia ….
Nel mese di marzo 2012, tre donne del gruppo sono state arrestate con l’accusa di “teppismo e istigazione all’odio religioso” per aver messo in scena, durante una celebrazione religiosa nella Cattedrale di Cristo Salvatore. ….
A tale proposito hanno affermato: «quello che abbiamo in comune è l’impudenza, testi che si nutrono di argomenti politici, l’importanza delle tematiche femministe e un’immagine femminile non-standard» ….
Il 21 febbraio 2012, nell’ambito di una protesta contro la rielezione di Vladimir Putin, tre artiste del gruppo si sono introdotte nella Cattedrale di Cristo Salvatore, tempio della Chiesa ortodossa russa a Mosca e, dopo essersi fatte il segno della croce, hanno cercato di esibirsi con una canzone. In meno di un minuto sono state scortate fuori dalle guardie. ….
Il 3 marzo 2012, a seguito di operazioni di indagine che hanno visto in campo reparti della polizia antiterrorismo, le autorità russe hanno arrestato due presunte appartenenti al gruppo, Marija Alëchina (23 anni all’epoca dei fatti) e la siberiana Nadežda Tolokonnikova (22 anni), accusate di teppismo. Entrambe le donne hanno dapprima negato l’affiliazione del gruppo e hanno iniziato uno sciopero della fame per protesta contro il regime di detenzione.
Il 16 marzo è stata arrestata un’altra donna, Ekaterina Samucevič (29 anni), già ascoltata in precedenza come testimone del caso.
Sottoposte a interrogatori, le tre donne non hanno mai rivelato agli inquirenti i nomi delle altre componenti coinvolte nell’azione di protesta. ….
Il 17 agosto 2012 è iniziata la lettura del lungo dispositivo della sentenza ….
Il 10 ottobre 2012, in appello, Ekaterina Samucevič è stata scarcerata mediante cauzione …. È stata invece confermata la pena di due anni per la moscovita Marija Alëchina e per la siberiana Nadežda Tolokonnikova
La Chiesa ortodossa russa, ad esempio, si è espressa sulla questione ai suoi massimi livelli: il 21 marzo 2012, officiando la liturgia nella Chiesa della Deposizione della Veste di Mosca, il patriarca di Mosca e di tutte le Russie, Cirillo I, ha condannato severamente l’azione delle Pussy Riot, bollandola come blasfema e demoniaca:.» [Fonte]
In Russia la legge vieta e considera reato lo scassinare le porte chiuse dei privati, così come irrompere in una Chiesa, interrompendo le sacre funzioni danze oscene e canti ‘sui generis‘. Similmente, opporsi all’attuale governo è cosa lecita, purché nel farlo non si incorra in reati, ossia in comportamenti da codice penale.
«Срань, срань, срань Господня!»
“Merda, merda, merda del Signore“
Ci si provi a dir ciò nella tollerante Francia di Mr Macron, indirizzandosi alla Sua persona. Ci si provi a dire in un gay pride che sono dei debosciati: si finisce a Porto Azzurro a vita.
«Pussy Riot band member Maria Alyokhina has been fined for failing to perform community service, part of a punishment for several protests aimed at the Russian security services»
«Alyokhina was detained last December for displaying a banner calling Russia’s secret services butchers, and again in April for throwing paper planes near the Federal Security Service (FSB) building in support of the Telegram instant messaging service»
«A court ordered Alyokhina to volunteer a total of 140 hours of community service for both acts of civil disobedience»
«Alyokhina, who has focused on human rights activism after spending two years behind bars for performing a “punk prayer” in Russia’s main church, did not perform the community service»
* * * * * * * *
Il caso ha avuto risonanza sui media liberal occidentali.
È utilizzato come argomentazione contro l’attuale governo russo, accusato di esser autocratico.
Ma quando la politica si appropria di fatti giudiziari, la partigianeria è quasi di obbligo.
Adesso poniamo una domanda.
Cosa sarebbe accaduto ad una persona che negli Stati Uniti oppure in Germania avesse disobbedito ad una sentenza emessa da un tribunale?
Pussy Riot band member Maria Alyokhina has been fined for failing to perform community service, part of a punishment for several protests aimed at the Russian security services.
Alyokhina was detained last December for displaying a banner calling Russia’s secret services butchers, and again in April for throwing paper planes near the Federal Security Service (FSB) building in support of the Telegram instant messaging service. A court ordered Alyokhina to volunteer a total of 140 hours of community service for both acts of civil disobedience.
Alyokhina, who has focused on human rights activism after spending two years behind bars for performing a “punk prayer” in Russia’s main church, did not perform the community service.