Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Putin, Russia

Putin. Sarà stato del Kgb, ma intelligente lo è per davvero.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.



Tonnellate di oro fisico detenute.

Il primo grande capo di accusa che l’Occidente muove a Mr Putin è quello di essere un russo che sta facendo gli interessi del suo paese.

Il secondo capo di accusa è di essere colto ed intelligente.

Se Mr Putin facesse gli interessi degli occidentali e fosse anche un fesso, un babbeo da poter menare per il naso, i liberal socialisti lo osannerebbero.

In dieci anni, lavorando come una formica, Mr Putin si è portato a casa più di 1,500 tonnellate di oro fisico.


«But nobody ever accused Putin of the lack of intelligence»


«Any accusations against this man only emphasize his ability for quick analytical thinking and making clear and balanced political and economic decisions»


«Therefore, Putin’s policy largely has always focused not so much on effect, but on efficiency»


«Very few people understand what Putin is doing at the moment. And almost no one understands what he will do in the future»


«Europe will not be able to survive without energy supply from Russia»


«Russia, having a regular flow of dollars from the sale of oil and gas, in any case, will be able to convert them to gold with current gold prices, depressed by all means by the West. That is, at the price of gold, which had been artificially and meticulously lowered by the Fed and ESF many times, against artificially inflated purchasing power of the dollar through market manipulation»


«China recently announced that it will cease to increase its gold and currency reserves denominated in US dollars»


«Analysis of the current monetary policy of China shows that most likely the dollars coming from trade, or a substantial chunk of them, China will quietly replace and de facto is already replacing with Gold.»


«Emphasis on the phrase “physical gold” is made because in exchange for its physical, not ‘paper’ energy resources, Russia is now withdrawing gold from the West, but only in its physical, not paper form»


«Putin has thereby started the countdown to the end of the world hegemony of petrodollar. Thus, Putin has put the West in a deadlock of the absence of any positive economic prospects»


«USSR rapidly sold gold during the fall of oil prices. Russia rapidly buys gold during the fall in oil prices»


«Leading Western economists are certainly aware of the severity of the predicament and hopelessness of the situation the Western world finds itself in, in Putin’s economic gold trap»


«How long will the West be able to buy oil and gas from Russia in exchange for physical gold?»


Oriental Review. 2014-12-25. Grandmaster Putin’s Trap

Accusations of the West towards Putin are traditionally based on the fact that he worked in the KGB. And therefore he is a cruel and immoral person. Putin is blamed for everything. But nobody ever accused Putin of the lack of intelligence.

Any accusations against this man only emphasize his ability for quick analytical thinking and making clear and balanced political and economic decisions.

Often Western media compares this ability with the ability of a grandmaster, conducting a public chess simul. Recent developments in US economy and the West in general allow us to conclude that in this part of the assessment of Putin’s personality Western media are absolutely right.

Despite numerous success reports in the style of Fox News and CNN, today, Western economy, led by the United States is in Putin’s trap, the way out of which no one in the West can see or find. And the more the West is trying to escape from this trap, the more stuck it becomes.

What is the truly tragic predicament of the West and the United States, in which they find themselves? And why all the Western media and leading Western economists are silent about this, as a well guarded military secret? Let’s try to understand the essence of current economic events, in the context of the economy, setting aside the factors of morality, ethics and geopolitics.

After realizing its failure in Ukraine, the West, led by the US set out to destroy Russian economy by lowering oil prices, and accordingly gas prices as the main budget sources of export revenue in Russia and the main sources of replenishment of Russian gold reserves. It should be noted that the main failure of the West in Ukraine is not military or political. But in the actual refusal of Putin to fund the Western project of Ukraine at the expense of the budget of Russian Federation. What makes this Western project not viable in the near and inevitable future.

Last time under president Reagan, such actions of the West’s lowering of oil prices led to ‘success’ and the collapse of USSR. But history does not repeat itself all the time. This time things are different for the West. Putin’s response to the West resembles both chess and judo, when the strength used by the enemy is used against him, but with minimal costs to the strength and resources of the defender. Putin’s real policies are not public. Therefore, Putin’s policy largely has always focused not so much on effect, but on efficiency.

Very few people understand what Putin is doing at the moment. And almost no one understands what he will do in the future.

No matter how strange it may seem, but right now, Putin is selling Russian oil and gas only for physical gold.

Putin is not shouting about it all over the world. And of course, he still accepts US dollars as an intermediate means of payment. But he immediately exchanges all these dollars obtained from the sale of oil and gas for physical gold!

To understand this, it is enough to look at the dynamics of growth of gold reserves of Russia and to compare this data with foreign exchange earnings of the Russia coming from the sale of oil and gas over the same period.

Moreover, in the third quarter the purchases by Russia of physical gold are at all-time high record levels. In the third quarter of this year, Russia had purchased an incredible amount of gold in the amount of 55 tons. It’s more than all the central banks of all countries of the world combined (according to official data)!

In total, the central banks of all countries of the world have purchased 93 tons of the precious metal in the third quarter of 2014. It was the 15th consecutive quarter of net purchases of gold by Central banks. Of the 93 tonnes of gold purchases by central banks around the world during this period, the staggering volume of purchases – of 55 tons – belongs to Russia.

Not so long ago, British scientists have successfully come to the same conclusion, as was published in the Conclusion of the U.S. Geological survey a few years ago. Namely: Europe will not be able to survive without energy supply from Russia. Translated from English to any other language in the world it means: “The world will not be able to survive if oil and gas from Russia is subtracted from the global balance of energy supply”.

Thus, the Western world, built on the hegemony of the petrodollar, is in a catastrophic situation. In which it cannot survive without oil and gas supplies from Russia. And Russia is now ready to sell its oil and gas to the West only in exchange for physical gold! The twist of Putin’s game is that the mechanism for the sale of Russian energy to the West only for gold now works regardless of whether the West agrees to pay for Russian oil and gas with its artificially cheap gold, or not.

Because Russia, having a regular flow of dollars from the sale of oil and gas, in any case, will be able to convert them to gold with current gold prices, depressed by all means by the West. That is, at the price of gold, which had been artificially and meticulously lowered by the Fed and ESF many times, against artificially inflated purchasing power of the dollar through market manipulation.

Interesting fact: the suppression of gold prices by the special department of US Government – ESF (Exchange Stabilization Fund) – with the aim of stabilizing the dollar has been made into a law in the United States.

In the financial world it is accepted as a given that gold is an antidollar.

– In 1971, US President Richard Nixon closed the ‘gold window’, ending the free exchange of dollars for gold, guaranteed by the US in 1944 at Bretton Woods.

– In 2014, Russian President Vladimir Putin has reopened the ‘gold window’, without asking Washington’s permission.

Right now the West spends much of its efforts and resources to suppress the prices of gold and oil. Thereby, on the one hand to distort the existing economic reality in favor of the US dollar and on the other hand, to destroy the Russian economy, refusing to play the role of obedient vassal of the West.

Today assets such as gold and oil look proportionally weakened and excessively undervalued against the US dollar. It is a consequence of the enormous economic effort on the part of the West.

And now Putin sells Russian energy resources in exchange for these US dollars, artificially propped by the efforts of the West. With which he immediately buys gold, artificially devalued against the U.S. dollar by the efforts of the West itself!

There is another interesting element in Putin’s game. It’s Russian uranium. Every sixth light bulb in the USA depends on its supply. Which Russia sells to the US too, for dollars.

Thus, in exchange for Russian oil, gas and uranium, the West pays Russia with dollars, purchasing power of which is artificially inflated against oil and gold by the efforts of the West. But Putin uses these dollars only to withdraw physical gold from the West in exchange, for the price denominated in US dollars, artificially lowered by the same West.

This truly brilliant economic combination by Putin puts the West led by the United States in a position of a snake, aggressively and diligently devouring its own tail.

The idea of this economic golden trap for the West, probably originated not from Putin himself. Most likely it was the idea of Putin’s Advisor for Economic Affairs – doctor Sergey Glazyev. Otherwise why seemingly not involved in business bureaucrat Glazyev, along with many Russian businessmen, was personally included by Washington on the sanction list?  The idea of an economist, doctor Glazyev was brilliantly executed by Putin, with full endorsement from his Chinese colleague – Xi Jinping.

Especially interesting in this context looks the November statement of the first Deputy Chairman of Central Bank of Russia Ksenia Yudaeva, which stressed that the Central Bank of Russia can use the gold from its reserves to pay for imports, if needed. It is obvious that in terms of sanctions by the Western world, this statement is addressed to the BRICS countries, and first of all China. For China, Russia’s willingness to pay for goods with Western gold is very convenient. And here’s why:

China recently announced that it will cease to increase its gold and currency reserves denominated in US dollars. Considering the growing trade deficit between the US and China (the current difference is five times in favor of China), then this statement translated from the financial language reads: “China stops selling their goods for dollars”. The world’s media chose not to notice this grandest in the recent monetary history event . The issue is not that China literally refuses to sell its goods for US dollars. China, of course, will continue to accept US dollars as an intermediate means of payment for its goods. But, having taken dollars, China will immediately get rid of them and replace with something else in the structure of its gold and currency reserves. Otherwise the statement made by the monetary authorities of China loses its meaning: “We are stopping the increase of our gold and currency reserves, denominated in US dollars.” That is, China will no longer buy United States Treasury bonds for dollars earned from trade with any countries, as they did this before.

Thus, China will replace all the dollars that it will receive for its goods not only from the US but from all over the world with something else not to increase their gold currency reserves, denominated in US dollars. And here is an interesting question: what will China replace all the trade dollars with? What currency or an asset? Analysis of the current monetary policy of China shows that most likely the dollars coming from trade, or a substantial chunk of them, China will quietly replace and de facto is already replacing with Gold.

In this aspect, the solitaire of Russian-Chinese relations is extremely successful for Moscow and Beijing. Russia buys goods from China directly for gold at its current price. While China buys Russian energy resources for gold at its current price. At this Russian-Chinese festival of life there is a place for everything: Chinese goods, Russian energy resources, and gold – as a means of mutual payment. Only US dollar has no place at this festival of life. And this is not surprising. Because the US dollar is not a Chinese product, nor a Russian energy resource. It is only an intermediate financial instrument of settlement – and an unnecessary intermediary. And it is customary to exclude unnecessary intermediaries from the interaction of two independent business partners.

It should be noted separately that the global market for physical gold is extremely small relative to the world market for physical oil supplies. And especially the world market for physical gold is microscopic compared to the entirety of world markets for physical delivery of oil, gas, uranium and goods.

Emphasis on the phrase “physical gold” is made because in exchange for its physical, not ‘paper’ energy resources, Russia is now withdrawing gold from the West, but only in its physical, not paper form. So does China, by acquiring from the West the artificially devalued physical gold as a payment for physical delivery of real products to the West.

The West’s hopes that Russia and China will accept as payment for their energy resources and goods “shitcoin” or so-called “paper gold” of various kinds also did not materialize. Russia and China are only interested in gold and only physical metal as a final means of payment.

For reference: the turnover of the market of paper gold, only of gold futures, is estimated at $360 billion per month. But physical delivery of gold is only for $280 million a month. Which makes the ratio of trade of paper gold versus physical gold: 1000 to 1.

Using the mechanism of active withdrawal from the market of one artificially lowered by the West financial asset (gold) in exchange for another artificially inflated by the West financial asset (USD), Putin has thereby started the countdown to the end of the world hegemony of petrodollar. Thus, Putin has put the West in a deadlock of the absence of any positive economic prospects. The West can spend as much of its efforts and resources to artificially increase the purchasing power of the dollar, lower oil prices and artificially lower the purchasing power of gold. The problem of the West is that the stocks of physical gold in possession of the West are not unlimited. Therefore, the more the West devalues oil and gold against the US dollar, the faster it loses devaluing Gold from its not infinite reserves. In this brilliantly played by Putin economic combination the physical gold is rapidly flowing to Russia, China, Brazil, Kazakhstan and India, the BRICS countries, from the reserves of the West. At the current rate of reduction of reserves of physical gold, the West simply does not have the time to do anything against Putin’s Russia until the collapse of the entire Western petrodollar world. In chess the situation in which Putin has put the West, led by the US, is called “time trouble”.

The Western world has never faced such economic events and phenomena that are happening right now. USSR rapidly sold gold during the fall of oil prices. Russia rapidly buys gold during the fall in oil prices. Thus, Russia poses a real threat to the American model of petrodollar world domination.

The main principle of world petrodollar model is allowing Western countries led by the United States to live at the expense of the labor and resources of other countries and peoples based on the role of the US currency, dominant in the global monetary system (GMS) . The role of the US dollar in the GMS is that it is the ultimate means of payment. This means that the national currency of the United States in the structure of the GMS is the ultimate asset accumulator, to exchange which to any other asset does not make sense. What the BRICS countries, led by Russia and China, are doing now is actually changing the role and status of the US dollar in the global monetary system. From the ultimate means of payment and asset accumulation, the national currency of the USA, by the joint actions of Moscow and Beijing is turned into only an intermediate means of payment. Intended only to exchange this interim payment for another and the ulimate financial asset – gold. Thus, the US dollar actually loses its role as the ultimate means of payment and asset accumulation, yielding both of those roles to another recognized, denationalized and depoliticized monetary asset – gold.

Traditionally, the West has used two methods to eliminate the threat to the hegemony of petrodollar model in the world and the consequent excessive privileges for the West.

One of these methods – colored revolutions. The second method, which is usually applied by the West, if the first fails – military aggression and bombing.

But in Russia’s case both of these methods are either impossible or unacceptable for the West.

Because, firstly, the population of Russia, unlike people in many other countries, does not wish to exchange their freedom and the future of their children for Western sausage. This is evident from the record ratings of Putin, regularly published by the leading Western rating agencies. Personal friendship of Washington protégé Navalny with Senator McCain played for him and Washington a very negative role. Having learned this fact from the media, 98% of the Russian population now perceive Navalny only as a vassal of Washington and a traitor of Russia’s national interests. Therefore Western professionals, who have not yet lost their mind, cannot dream about any colour revolution in Russia.

As for the second traditional Western way of direct military aggression, Russia is certainly not Yugoslavia, not Iraq or Libya. In any non-nuclear military operation against Russia, on the territory of Russia, the West led by the US is doomed to defeat. And the generals in the Pentagon exercising real leadership of NATO forces are aware of this. Similarly hopeless is a nuclear war against Russia, including the concept of so-called “preventive disarming nuclear strike”. NATO is simply not technically able to strike a blow that would completely disarm the nuclear potential of Russia in all its many manifestations. A massive nuclear retaliatory strike on the enemy or a pool of enemies would be inevitable. And its total capacity will be enough for survivors to envy the dead. That is, an exchange of nuclear strikes with a country like Russia is not a solution to the looming problem of the collapse of a petrodollar world. It is in the best case, a final chord and the last point in the history of its existence. In the worst case – a nuclear winter and the demise of all life on the planet, except for the bacteria mutated from radiation.

The Western economic establishment can see and understand the essence of the situation. Leading Western economists are certainly aware of the severity of the predicament and hopelessness of the situation the Western world finds itself in, in Putin’s economic gold trap. After all, since the Bretton Woods agreements, we all know the Golden rule: “Who has more gold sets the rules.” But everyone in the West is silent about it. Silent because no one knows now how to get out of this situation.

If you explain to the Western public all the details of the looming economic disaster, the public will ask the supporters of a petrodollar world the most terrible questions, which will sound like this:

How long will the West be able to buy oil and gas from Russia in exchange for physical gold?
And what will happen to the US petrodollar after the West runs out of physical gold to pay for Russian oil, gas and uranium, as well as to pay for Chinese goods?

No one in the West today can answer these seemingly simple questions.

And this is called “Checkmate”, ladies and gentlemen. The game is over.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Militare, Geopolitica Mondiale, Putin, Russia, Stati Uniti, Trump

Russia ed Ukraina. Qualcuno vorrebbe sabotare il summit Putin – Trump.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Trump Macron 010

Giorni fa tre navi ukraine si sono avvicinate alle acque territoriali russe al largo di Kerc: i russi le hanno cannoneggiate e quindi catturate.

È scoppiato il finimondo.

Mr Macron e Frau Merkel avrebbero voluto invadere immediatamente la Russia, poi hanno dovuto desistere non disponendo di esercito. Si sono limitati a parole grevi, minacciando l’ulteriore inasprimento delle sanzioni, salvo restando che la Russia continui a far arrivare in Europa il gas naturale.

Il commento migliore è stato quello del presidente Trump.


«President Trump said Wednesday that he “didn’t like” Russia’s capture of three Ukraine naval vessels and called on European leaders to “get involved” — but stopped short of leveling any criticism at Vladimir Putin for ratcheting up tensions in the region»


«We’re going to see, we’re going to find out what happened. I didn’t like the incident and we’re getting a report on what’s going on»


«”Angela, let’s get involved Angela!” he added, referring to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, exaggerating the pronunciation of her first name»


«The president said that France should also get involved, but didn’t elaborate on what actions the two countries»


«There was a question — was a warning given? Did they [the Ukranian vessels] let them know they’re coming through? Because they have a system I guess. It’s been working»

* * * * * * *

«Ci sarebbe una domanda da porsi. È stato dato un avvertimento? L’Ukraina aveva fatto sapere ai russi che stanno arrivando? Perché hanno un sistema, credo. »


Questo è il vero quesito da porsi.

L’Ukraina aveva o meno avvisato i russi che delle sue navi da guerra, in realtà tre vecchie carrette, si sarebbero avvicinate a Kerc?

I soliti malpensanti potrebbero anche malignare che tutto ciò che è successo sia stato fatto a posta al solo fine di impedire oppure rendere più difficile il summit in programma tra Mr Trump e Mr Putin.

The New York Post. 2018-11-29. Trump ‘didn’t like’ Russia’s capture of Ukrainian naval vessels

President Trump said Wednesday that he “didn’t like” Russia’s capture of three Ukraine naval vessels and called on European leaders to “get involved” — but stopped short of leveling any criticism at Vladimir Putin for ratcheting up tensions in the region.

“We’re going to see, we’re going to find out what happened. I didn’t like the incident and we’re getting a report on what’s going on,” Trump told The Post during a 36-minute Oval Office interview.

”Angela, let’s get involved Angela!” he added, referring to German Chancellor Angela Merkel, exaggerating the pronunciation of her first name.

The president said that France should also get involved, but didn’t elaborate on what actions the two countries — which have both criticized Russia, as has UN Ambassador Nikki Haley — should take.

“It shouldn’t happen, it shouldn’t happen,” Trump said.

But at the same time he noted: “There was a question — was a warning given? Did they [the Ukranian vessels] let them know they’re coming through? Because they have a system I guess. It’s been working.”

Meanwhile, the Kremlin said Wednesday it still expects a meeting between Putin and Trump to go ahead as planned despite a suggestion from the president that it could be canceled.

Trump said Tuesday that he may cancel the sit-down with Putin at the G-20 meeting in Argentina following Russia’s seizure of the three Ukrainian ships last weekend.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov told reporters that the meeting was on and that Russia has not received “any other information from our US counterparts.”

Putin’s foreign affairs adviser, Yuri Ushakov, noted that the meeting, which is set for Saturday, has been prepared through official channels and Moscow expects Washington to notify it of any changes in the same way.

“This meeting is necessary for both sides,” Ushakov said. “It’s important in view of the developing situation in the world.”

The long-simmering conflict between Russia and Ukraine burst into the open on Sunday, when Russian border guards fired on three Ukrainian vessels and seized the ships and the crew.

Trump said he would be receiving a “full report” from his national security team on Russia’s recent actions in eastern Ukraine and the Black Sea, and would decide afterward.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Putin, Russia

Putin. Affermare a voce alta l’evidenza storica negata.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Putin Vladimir 012

Il grande Gilbert Chesterton lo aveva detto quasi un secolo fa:

Non potrà non terminare, perchè si basa su una bugia.

Proseguirà fino al suo apice. Seguirà l’inevitabile declino.

Allora inizierà una nuova grande marcia. La marcia della ricostruzione intellettuale. La marcia del ritorno alla realtà.
Tutto ciò che è reale sarà affermato.

Tutto ciò che non è reale sarà negato.

Ridiventerà ragionevole affermare le pietre della strada; ridiventerà un dogma fideista negarle.

Sarà di nuovo una forma dissennata di misticismo dire che siamo tutti immersi in un sogno; sarà di nuovo razionale asserire che siamo tutti svegli.

Noi saremo lì.

Attizzeremo i nostri fuochi per testimoniare che due più due fa quattro.

Sguaineremo le nostre spade per dimostrare che le foglie sono verdi in estate.»

* * * * * * *

La devoluzione delle ideologie liberal e socialista ha come diretta conseguenza che nuove persone e differenti modi di vedere stanno loro subentrando al governo delle nazioni occidentali. Privi del potere statale, e delle sovvenzioni che da esso discendono, anche gli intellettuali liberal si stanno avviando al declino. Tutto richiede il suo tempo, vi sono ancora moltissimi focolai di resistenza e centri di potere, specie poi a livello parastatale, ma il trend è segnato.

Poi, con la scomparsa politica di Frau Merkel, in Europa e nella Unione Europea sparisce un grandioso bastione a sostegno di quelle ideologie, che oramai possono contare soltanto sul protoplasmatico Mr Macron, di cui verosimilmente avrebbero fatto volentieri a meno.

Sta estinguendosi la più robusta ed accanita schiera di negatori professionali e cronici dell’evidenza dei fatti. Al suo posto sta subentrando lentamente ma implacabilmente una nuova generazione orgogliosa e fiera del proprio retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale. Ossia proprio di ciò che liberal socialisti avversavano odiandolo di odio mortale.

«Immortale odium et numquam sanabile vulnus.»

Questa frase di Giovenale, Satire 15, 34, fu incisa sulla medaglia massonica commemoratrice dei torbidi legati alla traslazione della salma di San Pio IX.

Ma, ce lo si ricordi sempre bene, si è prima depravati nella mente e nel cuore, e solo dopo nell’agire, anche in quello sessuale. Ben dipinge Virgilio il sentimento di quanti si facciano caricatura di femmina:

«Notumque furens quid femina possit» (Aen, 5, 6).


Uno dei pilastri portanti delle ideologie liberal e socialista è l’odio verso la religione cristiana, odio che arriva al punto di negarne la stessa esistenza. Conseguentemente, esse negano quell’evidenza dei fatti delle radici cristiane dell’Europa, come se fosse facile nascondere le cattedrali gotiche oppure l’arte pittorica tardo medievale.

Mr Putin, di cui tutto può essere detto tranne che sia poco intelligente, ben ha razionalizzato questa situazione.

«Vladimir Putin says the adoption of Christianity more than 1,000 years ago in territory that later became Russia marked the starting point for forming the Russian nation itself»


«Putin’s comments came Saturday in a ceremony marking the 1,030th anniversary of the adoption by Christianity by Prince Vladimir, the leader of Kievan Rus, a loose federation of Slavic tribes that preceded the Russian state»


«Christianity was “the starting point for the formation and development of Russian statehood, the true spiritual birth of our ancestors, the determination of their identity. Identity, the flowering of national culture and education.”»


Putin: Christianity is the foundation of the Russian state

Vladimir Putin says the adoption of Christianity more than 1,000 years ago in territory that later became Russia marked the starting point for forming the Russian nation itself.

Putin’s comments came Saturday in a ceremony marking the 1,030th anniversary of the adoption by Christianity by Prince Vladimir, the leader of Kievan Rus, a loose federation of Slavic tribes that preceded the Russian state.

Speaking to thousands of clergy and believers at a huge statue of the prince outside the Kremlin, Putin said adopting Christianity was “the starting point for the formation and development of Russian statehood, the true spiritual birth of our ancestors, the determination of their identity. Identity, the flowering of national culture and education.”

The comments underline the strong ties between Putin’s government and the Russian Orthodox Church.

Putin: “Il cristianesimo è la radice dell’identità russa”

Il presidente della Russia indica la «cristianizzazione» come matrice identitaria del Paese, della sua forza e del suo protagonismo storico. Critiche e allarmi dai circoli che in passato sostenevano con slancio le «battaglie culturali» per riaffermare le radici dell’Occidente


Domenica scorsa, nelle chiese della Russia, dell’Ucraina e di altri Paesi un tempo compresi nell’impero russo, tanti cristiani hanno celebrato la festa per i 1130 anni dal battesimo del principe Vladimir il Grande nelle acque del fiume Dnepr, rinnovando anch’essi le proprie promesse battesimali. Anche il presidente russo Vladimir Putin ha approfittato dell’anniversario di quell’evento storico – celebrato come l’inizio della conversione al cristianesimo degli slavi orientali – per ripetere con forza che proprio l a “cristianizzazione” del Gran Principe dell’antica Rus’ di Kiev e dei suoi sudditi rappresenta anche l’atto fondativo della «statualità russa», e la radice perenne che nutre l’identità del popolo russo e la sua missione storica nel mondo.

Putin – che dell’antico monarca battezzato a Cherson nel 988 porta anche il nome – ha riaffermato il legame a suo giudizio viscerale tra cristianesimo e identità russa intervenendo alla cerimonia svoltasi domenica a Mosca, alla presenza del patriarca Kirill, presso il monumento dedicato al principe Vladimir. Il discorso presidenziale, calibrato in ogni parola, ha riproposto ai massimi livelli la «cristianizzazione» come matrice identitaria della Russia, della sua forza e del suo protagonismo storico.

Seguendo i passi del “Principe guerriero”

La conversione al cristianesimo – ha insistito Putin nel suo intervento – è stato «il punto di partenza per l’istituzione e lo sviluppo della compagine statale russa», la vera «nascita spirituale» che ha determinato l’identità e l’autocoscienza «dei nostri antenati», e ha anche irrigato «la prosperità della cultura e dell’educazione nazionale», favorendo «legami multiformi con altri Paesi». Anche il protagonismo storico del popolo russo, secondo Putin, non ha la sua genesi in vittorie militari o pulsioni egemoniche, ma in quell’evento con «portata civile» e «potere spirituale trasformante» che ha «predeterminato la secolare strada della Russia e ha avuto effetto sul suo intero sviluppo globale». Lodando la saggezza e la lungimiranza degli avi che “scelsero” il cristianesimo di tradizione bizantina, Putin si è anche soffermato sulla figura del principe Vladimir, il «guerriero» che «affrontò crudeli scontri e prove», e sotto la cui guida «furono costruite chiese, monasteri, città, scuole e biblioteche», animato dall’intuizione che il cristianesimo avrebbe fornito supporto morale e le basi per «consolidare l’unità e l’identità dei popoli che abitavano l’antica Rus’».

L’onda “cristianista” in versione russa

Le suggestioni contenute nel discorso di Putin dedicato al principe Vladimir non sono nuove. Parole e concetti analoghi erano stati espressi da “zar” Putin già cinque anni fa, quando aveva potuto celebrare i 1025 anni dalla conversione della Rus’ di Kiev proprio nella capitale dell’Ucraina, allora retta dal presidente “amico” Viktor Yanukovich. Da allora, con la crisi ucraina e l’intervento militare diretto in Siria, a cambiare sono stati la rilevanza geopolitica della Russia e i rapporti con molti Paesi della Nato. Negli interventi della leadership russa e anche degli esponenti più in vista del Patriarcato di Mosca – il patriarca Kirill e il metropolita Hilarion – si accentuano i toni di misticismo patriottico, quelli che esaltano l’Ortodossia russa come “anima” e scrigno dell’orgoglio identitario nazionale.

In ambienti occidentali aumentano allarmi e critiche verso l’utilizzo del cristianesimo come fattore coagulante della propria identità etnica, culturale e di civiltà. Eppure, mutatis mutandis, accenti e linee di pensiero degli attuali apparati russi mostrano evidenti assonanze con quelli utilizzati per decenni anche in Occidente da settori politici e anche ecclesiastici – dall’“Action Francaise” fino alle lobby neo-con di matrice nordatlantica – avvezzi a valorizzare e ridurre il dinamismo cristiano a principio religioso di identificazione culturale.

Durante la guerra di Corea, nel suo messaggio natalizio del 1951, il presidente USA Harry Truman identificava l’auspicato trionfo sul fronte coreano con la vittoria iniziata nel mondo con la nascita di Gesù: «Noi – diceva Truman rivolto soprattutto ai soldati del suo Paese – saremo forti solo se conserveremo la fede, la fede che può muovere le montagne e che, come dice San Paolo, è sostanza di cose sperate e evidenza di cose non vedute. La vittoria che raggiungeremo ci è stata promessa tanto tempo fa, nelle parole del coro degli angeli che cantavano sopra Betlemme: “Gloria a Dio nell’alto dei cieli, e sulla terra pace e buona volontà agli uomini”».

Certe parole d’ordine ora in auge nella leadership putiniana rappresentano la versione russa di tendenze presenti anche in altri mondi. Pulsioni identitarie sempre esposte al rischio di contraffare le parole cristiane in chiave ideologica o di ridurle a fattori di produzione e ispirazione culturale.

Tra i critici del nuovo identitarismo misticheggiante pan russo figurano in prima linea anche settori ecclesiali e culturali che pure, negli ultimi decenni, erano militanti entusiasti delle battaglie culturali per riaffermare la rilevanza del cristianesimo come radice culturale fondativa della civiltà occidentale. Segno che forse le pulsioni identitarie di marca russa risultano indigeste a molti soprattutto per ragioni di banale allineamento con gli assi delle proprie militanze. E sudditanze “geopolitiche”.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Putin, Russia

Pussy Riot. La Alyokhina ancora nei guai.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Pussy Riot 001

A dirla franca, le Pussy Riot sono più famose in Occidente che in Russia.

E, verosimilmente, sono più famose per gli ampi spazi loro concessi dai media liberal che per audience generale. Solo che sono popolari tra i liberal che leggono compitandoli i loro giornali: gli altri usualmente le ignorano come se nulla fosse.

«Pussy Riot è un collettivo punk rock russo, femminista e politicamente impegnato che agisce sotto rigoroso anonimato: le attiviste organizzano proteste per lo sviluppo della democrazia, in Russia e altre parti del mondo. ….

Pussy è un termine equivocabile in quanto significa micio e, nello slang anglosassone, indica vagina; riot significa rivolta.

Il gruppo è attivo a Mosca, città che fa da palcoscenico ai flash mob e alle performance estemporanee attraverso cui il gruppo dà espressione a provocazioni politiche nei confronti dell’establishment politico e istituzionale, su argomenti come la situazione delle donne in Russia ….

Nel mese di marzo 2012, tre donne del gruppo sono state arrestate con l’accusa di “teppismo e istigazione all’odio religioso”[1] per aver messo in scena, durante una celebrazione religiosa nella Cattedrale di Cristo Salvatore. ….

A tale proposito hanno affermato: «quello che abbiamo in comune è l’impudenza, testi che si nutrono di argomenti politici, l’importanza delle tematiche femministe e un’immagine femminile non-standard» ….

Il 21 febbraio 2012, nell’ambito di una protesta contro la rielezione di Vladimir Putin, tre artiste del gruppo si sono introdotte nella Cattedrale di Cristo Salvatore, tempio della Chiesa ortodossa russa a Mosca e, dopo essersi fatte il segno della croce, hanno cercato di esibirsi con una canzone. In meno di un minuto sono state scortate fuori dalle guardie. ….

Il 3 marzo 2012, a seguito di operazioni di indagine che hanno visto in campo reparti della polizia antiterrorismo, le autorità russe hanno arrestato due presunte appartenenti al gruppo, Marija Alëchina (23 anni all’epoca dei fatti) e la siberiana Nadežda Tolokonnikova (22 anni), accusate di teppismo. Entrambe le donne hanno dapprima negato l’affiliazione del gruppo e hanno iniziato uno sciopero della fame per protesta contro il regime di detenzione.

Il 16 marzo è stata arrestata un’altra donna, Ekaterina Samucevič (29 anni), già ascoltata in precedenza come testimone del caso.

Sottoposte a interrogatori, le tre donne non hanno mai rivelato agli inquirenti i nomi delle altre componenti coinvolte nell’azione di protesta. ….

Il 17 agosto 2012 è iniziata la lettura del lungo dispositivo della sentenza ….

Il 10 ottobre 2012, in appello, Ekaterina Samucevič è stata scarcerata mediante cauzione …. È stata invece confermata la pena di due anni per la moscovita Marija Alëchina e per la siberiana Nadežda Tolokonnikova

La Chiesa ortodossa russa, ad esempio, si è espressa sulla questione ai suoi massimi livelli: il 21 marzo 2012, officiando la liturgia nella Chiesa della Deposizione della Veste di Mosca, il patriarca di Mosca e di tutte le Russie, Cirillo I, ha condannato severamente l’azione delle Pussy Riot, bollandola come blasfema e demoniaca:.» [Fonte]


In Russia la legge vieta e considera reato lo scassinare le porte chiuse dei privati, così come irrompere in una Chiesa, interrompendo le sacre funzioni danze oscene e canti ‘sui generis‘. Similmente, opporsi all’attuale governo è cosa lecita, purché nel farlo non si incorra in reati, ossia in comportamenti da codice penale.

«Срань, срань, срань Господня!»

Merda, merda, merda del Signore

Ci si provi a dir ciò nella tollerante Francia di Mr Macron, indirizzandosi alla Sua persona. Ci si provi a dire in un gay pride che sono dei debosciati: si finisce a Porto Azzurro a vita.


«Pussy Riot band member Maria Alyokhina has been fined for failing to perform community service, part of a punishment for several protests aimed at the Russian security services»


«Alyokhina was detained last December for displaying a banner calling Russia’s secret services butchers, and again in April for throwing paper planes near the Federal Security Service (FSB) building in support of the Telegram instant messaging service»


«A court ordered Alyokhina to volunteer a total of 140 hours of community service for both acts of civil disobedience»


«Alyokhina, who has focused on human rights activism after spending two years behind bars for performing a “punk prayer” in Russia’s main church, did not perform the community service»

* * * * * * * *

Il caso ha avuto risonanza sui media liberal occidentali.

È utilizzato come argomentazione contro l’attuale governo russo, accusato di esser autocratico.

Ma quando la politica si appropria di fatti giudiziari, la partigianeria è quasi di obbligo.

Adesso poniamo una domanda.

Cosa sarebbe accaduto ad una persona che negli Stati Uniti oppure in Germania avesse disobbedito ad una sentenza emessa da un tribunale?

The Moscow Times. 2018-07-11. Pussy Riot Activist Fined for Avoiding Community Service

Pussy Riot band member Maria Alyokhina has been fined for failing to perform community service, part of a punishment for several protests aimed at the Russian security services.

Alyokhina was detained last December for displaying a banner calling Russia’s secret services butchers, and again in April for throwing paper planes near the Federal Security Service (FSB) building in support of the Telegram instant messaging service. A court ordered Alyokhina to volunteer a total of 140 hours of community service for both acts of civil disobedience.

Alyokhina, who has focused on human rights activism after spending two years behind bars for performing a “punk prayer” in Russia’s main church, did not perform the community service.

The activist was detained outside a Moscow courthouse while attending a hearing on an unrelated defamation lawsuit.

Alyokhina later told Interfax that she was fined 200,000 rubles ($3,217) for missing both rounds of community service, for a total fine of 400,000 rubles ($6,435).

The activist plans to appeal the decision — and continue disobeying the court orders to complete her community service — she told the Ekho Moskvy radio station Wednesday.

Pubblicato in: Putin, Russia

Kerch. Ponte Krasnodar – Krimea terminato. Putin lo inaugura.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.



Solo a fine agosto 2017 avevamo riportato:

Kerch. Varata la prima grande arcata ferroviaria del ponte.

«Russian engineers are installing a giant railway arch in the channel between Russia and Crimea, as a 19km (12-mile) road-rail bridge takes shape»


«It will take about a month to fix the arch, weighing 6,000 tonnes, to massive supports in the water»


«The road section of the Kerch Strait bridge will also have a giant arch»

* * *

«The controversial Crimean Bridge has been finished six months early and will link Russia’s southern Krasnodar region with the Crimean city of Kerch»


«The massive bridge will help reduce Crimea’s reliance on sea transport»


«Russian President Vladimir Putin was due to open a 19-kilometer bridge connecting southern Russia to the Crimean peninsula on Tuesday»


«The project cost 228 billion rubles ($3.69 billion, €3.1 billion) and will become the longest bridge in Europe, taking over the Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon, Portugal»

* * * * * * * *

La costruzione di questo ponte era iniziata proprio nel maggio 2015, ed è stata terminata in giusto tre anni.

Tre ordini di commenti.

In primo luogo, questo ponte segna un record per la brevità dei tempi di progettazione e di costruzione. In una situazione normale ci si sarebbe aspettati tempi variabili tra i cinque ed i sette anni.

In secondo luogo, i costi riferiti sarebbero 3.69 miliardi di Usd. Una cifra davvero molto contenuta. Per dare solo qualche esempio, quando nel 1968 venne emanata la legge 384 circa un ponte sullo Stretto di Messina, per i soli costi di progettazione furono stanziati 3.4 miliardi. L’offerta finale della ditta Eurolink fu di 3.88 miliardi euro, essendo il ponte lungo circa tre kilometri.

In terzo luogo, vi sono i noti problemi politici. La Russia ha dichiarato la Krimea territorio nazionale e la ha ammessa alla Federazione Russa dopo un referendum locale. Tale annessione non è stata riconosciuta essere legalmente valida da parte dell’Ukraina, dell’Unione Europea e di molte altre nazioni a livello mondiale. A seguito di questi fatti Usa ed Unione Europea hanno posto alla Russia una lunga serie di sanzioni economiche, anche se poi, nei fatti, alcune nazioni non le applicano.

Germania. Iniziato il cantiere per il Nord Stream 2.

* * *

Sta di fatto che le comunicazioni tra la Krasnodar e la Krimea sono desso del tutto ragionevoli.

Deutsche Welle. 2018-05-15. Russia-Crimea bridge to be opened by Vladimir Putin

The controversial Crimean Bridge has been finished six months early and will link Russia’s southern Krasnodar region with the Crimean city of Kerch. The massive bridge will help reduce Crimea’s reliance on sea transport.


Russian President Vladimir Putin was due to open a 19-kilometer bridge connecting southern Russia to the Crimean peninsula on Tuesday.

The controversial Crimean Bridge links the southern Krasnodar region with the Crimean city of Kerch and spans across a stretch of water between the Black Sea and the Azov Sea.

The project cost 228 billion rubles ($3.69 billion, €3.1 billion) and will become the longest bridge in Europe, taking over the Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon, Portugal.

It had been expected to be fully constructed by the end of 2018 but has been completed six months ahead of schedule and will be open to traffic on May 16, according to a Kremlin statement.

Ukraine condemns bridge

Ukraine has criticized the project, saying construction has damaged the environment and that larger ships will be unable to get through to its ports on the Azov Sea.

Crimea was annexed from Ukraine following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and takeover of the area by pro-Russian separatists and armed forces. 

The results of a referendum deemed unconstitutional by the Ukrainian Constitutional Court on reunification with Russia found most people were in favor of joining Russia.

The annexation of the peninsula in 2014 was condemned by Kiev and the West as an illegal land grab.

EU and US sanctions target construction firm

European Union and US sanctions have targeted those involved in the realization of the bridge, particularly businessman Arkady Rotenberg, a close ally of Putin whose company Stroygazmontazh won the construction contract.

The peninsula has until now been difficult to access from southern Russia with long queues of vehicles often trying to board ferries, which are not always able to run during winter storms. The easiest mode of transportation is flying.

The blocks imposed by Kiev and Western sanctions have meant a large amount of food is transported from Russia to Crimea by ship, meaning the bridge will play an important role in reducing the region’s reliance on sea transport.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Problemia Energetici, Putin, Russia

Germania. Iniziato il cantiere per il Nord Stream 2.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Nord Stream 2 003

Mentre gli italiani seguono appassionati il minuetto politico che sta andando in scena da oltre due mesi e si stanno rassegnando a subire maxi aumenti dell’Iva – lo vuole l’Europa – la Germania si sta facendo i fatti propri con disinvolta nonchalance.

Il parere del Consiglio Europeo? Sarebbe una inutile perdita di tempo.

Una votazione del parlamento Europeo? Ma i parlamentari stanno già discutendo dei sexual harassment a Bruxelles.

Il parere favorevole delle Commissioni EU? Frau Merkel è più che sicura che se si fosse chiesto il loro parere, come da legge, le Commissioni avrebbero sicuramente dato risposta affermativa.

Un ingenuo potrebbe anche dire che vi sarebbero state severissime sanzioni ai mercimoni energetici con la Russia, nazione che proprio non rispetta il ruolo delle leggi europee e che non rispetta i diritti umani. Pensate che arriva al punto da non volere le ngo sul suo territorio.

Ma se anche Mr Putin si mangiasse quattro bambini al giorno, che mai sarebbe ciò di fronte ai superiori interessi germanici?


Orbene: la Germania ha iniziato alla chetichella il lavoro per il Nord Stream 2.

«Germany has started to pour concrete on a Russian gas pipeline that risks dividing the EU and harming its energy security»


«The construction began in Lubmin, on Germany’s Baltic Sea coast, on Thursday (3 May), with the laying of foundations for a terminal that will receive 55bn cubic metres (bcm) a year of Russian gas via the Nord Stream 2 pipeline when it goes online in 2020»


«We’re confident that we’ll receive all relevant permits»

* * * * * * *

In poche parole.

La Germania inizia i lavori alla chetichella in collaborazione che i biechi russi, ossia quelli con i quali nessun altro dell’Unione Europea può collaborare. Ora capite perché Mr Gerhard Schröder è stato equiparato alla seconda carica politica russa?

Germania. Un ambiguo doppio gioco.

«We’re confident that we’ll receive all relevant permits …. This is not just an economic project, but [its] … political factors must also be taken into account»

EU Observer. 2018-05-09. Germany starts to build Nord Stream 2

Germany has started to pour concrete on a Russian gas pipeline that risks dividing the EU and harming its energy security.

The construction began in Lubmin, on Germany’s Baltic Sea coast, on Thursday (3 May), with the laying of foundations for a terminal that will receive 55bn cubic metres (bcm) a year of Russian gas via the Nord Stream 2 pipeline when it goes online in 2020.

“We’re moving within the framework of the [German] planning approval decision,” a spokesman for Gazprom, the Russian firm behind the project, told German press agency DPA.

“We’re confident that we’ll receive all relevant permits,” the spokesman said.

The Baltic pipeline is to run from Russia via the maritime zones of Finland, Sweden, and Denmark. Finland recently granted a permit, with the other two pending.

Its opponents, including Poland, the Baltic states, and Nordic EU countries, have said Nord Stream 2 would help Russia to cut gas supplies to Western allies, including Ukraine, for strategic reasons.

The European Commission has said it could help Gazprom to gouge even higher prices in eastern Europe.

The US has also said it would make a mockery of Western sanctions on Russia, imposed over its invasion of Ukraine four years ago.

Next steps for the Russian project include the laying and welding of 200,000 pipe segments, each one weighing 24 tonnes, along 1,200 km of the Baltic Sea bed.

The pipes are already waiting in storage yards in Germany, Finland, and Sweden in a €9bn enterprise that includes five major EU energy firms and 200 other companies in 17 European countries, creating, Gazprom says, 1,000 jobs.

‘Political project’

News of the Lubmin construction work comes despite German chancellor Angela Merkel’s recent nod to Nord Stream 2 critics.

“This is not just an economic project, but [its] … political factors must also be taken into account,” she said at a meeting with Ukrainian leader Petro Poroshenko in Berlin last month.

The construction is also moving ahead amid EU commission appeals to hold talks with Russia on how to apply European energy law to the pipeline.

Merkel’s comments had given hope to Nord Stream 2 opponents that she might pause for thought on a scheme that has the potential to tear a rift between Germany and its EU allies.

The enterprise also risks a transatlantic rift after the US threatened to impose fines on the five EU energy firms – Engie, OMV, Shell, Uniper, and Wintershall – which are co-financing the pipeline.

Russia lobbyists

The Lubmin news was welcomed in some quarters, with Eduard Stavytsky, Ukraine’s former energy minister, saying the EU needed Nord Stream 2 due to the depletion of its North Sea gas fields.

“Europe consumes about 425 bcm of gas per year. Russia set a record last year and delivered about 150 bcm,” he said on Thursday, according to Kremlin media agency Sputnik.

Stavytsky used to work for the former, notoriously corrupt, Ukrainian regime, and fled to Israel after 42kg of gold and $5m in cash were found in his house in Ukraine’s 2014 revolution.

Nord Stream 2 also has friends in higher places, such as former German chancellor Gerhard Schroeder, who went to work for Gazprom after he left office.

The CEOs of three of the EU firms backing the project – Austria’s OMV and Germany’s Uniper and Wintershall – joined them in lobbying for the pipeline this week.

“Debates should be guided by facts, not fearmongering, which seems to be the preferred tool of the project’s opponents,” Rainer Seele, Klaus Schaefer, and Mario Mehren said in a joint op-ed in US journal The National Interest on Wednesday.

Simple hoax?

“The notion that Russia could use gas as a weapon – even if it wanted to – is simply a hoax,” they said.

They pledged that Nord Stream 2 would not be used to cut off Ukraine, after Merkel told Poroshenko in Berlin that the pipeline could not go ahead if that were to happen.

But they hinted that Ukraine, which transited over half of Russia’s gas exports to the EU last year, might suffer disruptions all the same.

“Germany and the EU are committed to ensuring Ukraine’s place as a European gas partner. But placing all the proverbial eggs in the basket of Ukrainian transit is beyond foolhardy,” the CEOs said.

Pubblicato in: Putin, Russia, Unione Europea

Germania. Un ambiguo doppio gioco.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.



Sofia Federica Augusta di Anhalt-Zerbst nacque a Stettino il 21 aprile 1729. Sposò l’erede al trono russo Pietro Fëdorovič, e quando questi divenne lo Czar Pietro III di Russia, fece un colpo di stato e divenne lei imperatrice. Pietro III fu assassinato. I russi sono sfortunati con i tedeschi.

Mr Gerhard Schröder, classe 1944, è membro della socialdemocrazia tedesca (Spd): è stato Cancelliere tedesco dal 27 ottobre 1999 fino al 22 novembre 2005.

«Alcuni mesi dopo la fine del mandato politico, accetta la nomina di Gazprom a capo del consorzio Nord Stream AG, che si occupa della costruzione di un gasdotto che collegherà la costa russa nella regione di Vyborg alla costa tedesca nella regione di Greifswald, passando per il Mar Baltico.» [Fonte]


Dmitry Medvedev’s interview for Handelsblatt, Germany

«Gerhard Schröder is right. He’s absolutely right. It was a mistake. He’s an experienced politician, he headed the German government, but that’s not the only point. His view is fundamentally correct»

Questo su citato non è un articolo qualsiasi: è tratto da The Russian Government.

Ma il tempo scorre ed Herr Schröder scala sempre più il potere russo.


La Germania ha voltato pagina. Qualcuno avvisi l’Europa.

Germania. L’ex-cancelliere Spd Schröder nel board della russa Rosneft.

«A friend of the Russian president, former German Chancellor Schröder has been working for the Russian energy industry since he lost to Chancellor Merkel in 2005»


«A Russian government decree published late on Friday night nominated former German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder to join the board of the Russian energy giant Rosneft»


«The company is majority-owned by the Russian government and has its headquarters near the Kremlin in Moscow.»


«Schröder was nominated as a non-executive director of Rosneft as part of the company’s plans to increase the number of board directors from nine to 11»


«His name was one of seven presented in the decree signed by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev and published on the Russian government’s website»


«Rosneft is the world’s largest publicly traded petroleum company and is headed by Igor Sechin, an ally of Russian President Vladimir Putin, who served as deputy prime minister until 2012. The company has been hit by Western sanctions following Russia’s annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region and its support for pro-Russia separatists in eastern Ukraine»


«Rosneft has been hit by Western sanctions»

* * * * * * * *

Quanto riportato serve per rinfrescare la memoria di quanto per il momento sia successo.

Il 7 maggio Mr Putin si è insediato ufficialmente al Kremlin per il suo quarto mandato presidenziale.

Contrastanti le reazioni ufficiali tedesche. Il quarto mandato di Mr Putin è stato visto come un trionfo dell’autoritarismo autocratico, mentre il quarto mandato conferito a Frau Merkel era semplicemente il trionfo del sistema democratico.

Ma mentre i politici tedeschi ufficialmente prendevano posizione, richiedendo a gran voce altre sanzioni contro la Russia, Herr Schröder arrivava al termine della sua scalata al potere.

Alla cerimonia di insediamento di Mr Putin, Herr Schröder era al secondo posto, subito dopo Mr Dmitry Medvedev, Capo del Governo Russo, e subito prima di SE il Patriarca Kirill, Capo della Chiesa Ortodossa Russa.

Non solo, ad Herr Schröder è anche spettata una inedita stretta di mano da parte del Presidente Putin.

Il Kremlin ha un agguerrito Ufficio Protocollo.

« Presidential Protocol Office

The Presidential Protocol Office is responsible for protocol during visits abroad and trips to the regions of Russia by the President and his wife. It takes care of protocol matters for events involving the President and his wife during visits to the Russian Federation by representatives of foreign countries and international organisations. It organises protocol for mass and other events involving the President or held on the instructions of the President or the Chief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office.

Chief of the Presidential Protocol Office – Vladislav Kitayev.»              

* * * * * * *

La constatazione che Herr Schröder sia la seconda personalità politica della Federazione Russa  è la dimostrazione concreta della considerazione tributata alla sua persona, ma anche alla sua patria di origine. Sarebbe però anche molto difficile pensare che Mr Putin abbia assunto un comportamento del genere, ed Herr Schröder lo abbia accettato, senza che le cancellerie russe e tedesca si siano preventivamente consultate. Ma un simile gesto presupporrebbe non solo ottimi rapporti politici, ma anche economici e sociali.

Poniamoci adesso una domanda.

Da che parte sta la Germania?

EU Observer. 2018-05-09. Schroeder greeted as Russia’s third most important man

Germany’s former chancellor, Gerhard Schroeder, was seated in the front row and the second person to shake hands with Vladimir Putin, following his inauguration for a fourth term as Russia’s president on Monday. German Green party co-head Annalena Baerbock criticised Schroeder “as a claqueur” but Free Democrat leader, Christian Lindner, was more positive saying “it is time for Germany and Europe to develop new dialogue strategies”.

RT. 2018-05-09. Putin grants German ex-chancellor ‘exclusive’ handshake during inauguration in Kremlin (VIDEO)

Former German Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder was granted a place in the front row of Vladimir Putin’s inauguration ceremony in the Kremlin and received an ‘exclusive’ handshake from the Russian leader.

Putin was sworn in for his fourth term as president Monday and Schroeder was among the guests of honor. He was one of just three people Putin shook hands with after taking the oath – along with Dmitry Medvedev, the chair of the Russian government, and Patriarch Kirill, the head of the Russian Orthodox Church.

During Schroder’s time in office, he was a strong proponent of having closer ties between Germany and Russia. He advocated the creation of a direct underwater pipeline below the Baltic Sea, which would bring Russian natural gas directly to Germany, bypassing transit countries. After retiring as chancellor, he continued his work in the senior management of Nord Stream AG, a joint venture involving Russian and European companies, which operates the pipeline.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, Putin, Russia

La colpa è di Putin. Il delirio di persecuzione e del nemico.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.



Da qualche anno è invalso in Occidente il vezzo di additare alla Russia ed a Mr Putin ogni qualsiasi cosa che abbia contrariando l’attuale dirigenza pro tempore.

Dare la colpa agli altri è solitamente un residuo di infantilismo.

A scuola il bambino ha preso un cattivo voto perché la maestra sarebbe indisposta nei suoi confronti, oppure perché i compagni lo disturbano.

Il nodo fondamentale è una cattiva percezione del reale ed un incapacità di fare revisione critica del proprio pensato ed operato.

Ma se questo aspetto fisiologicamente non passa entrando nella età adulta, allora tende ad assumere aspetti di patologia psichiatrica.

Per un tifoso la sconfitta della squadra del cuore sarà sempre colpa dell’arbitro.

Ma mica sempre ci si limita a situazioni che, tutto sommato, fanno sorridere.


Il disturbo delirante (MeSH D012563, eMedicine 292991, ICD-10 F00-F99) è tutt’altro che infrequente.

«In psichiatria, il disturbo delirante è una forma di delirio cronico basato su un sistema di credenze illusorie che il paziente crede vere (resistenti a ogni critica) e che ne alterano l’approccio con la realtà. Queste credenze sono in genere di tipo verosimile, come la convinzione di essere traditi dal proprio partner o di essere infettati da una malattia contagiosa. A parte l’incapacità di valutare oggettivamente il sistema di credenze illusorie che danno origine al delirio, il paziente mantiene le proprie facoltà razionali e in genere le sue capacità di relazione sociale non sono compromesse. Alcune forme di disturbo delirante (in particolare quelle basate su convinzioni a tema persecutorio, come la convinzione di essere spiati o di essere vittima di un complotto di qualche genere) vengono tradizionalmente indicate come casi di paranoia, termine che oggi è in disuso nella comunità scientifica internazionale.

Un disturbo delirante può essere basato su qualunque sistema di credenze erronee, ma alcune forme sono più frequenti di altre. I pazienti con disturbi di tipo erotomaniaco credono di essere segretamente amati da qualcuno; in alcuni casi il presunto amante è un personaggio famoso (sindrome di de Clerambault). Nei deliri di tipo megalomaniaco, il paziente è convinto di essere depositario di una capacità o di una conoscenza di grandissima importanza (per esempio, di avere una missione affidatagli direttamente da Dio). Nei deliri di tipo somatico il paziente è convinto di avere una deformità, una malattia o un altro difetto fisico grave, come un cattivo odore o parassiti. I deliri di tipo persecutorio (spesso genericamente indicati come paranoia) sono caratterizzati dal fatto che il paziente è convinto di essere vittima di un complotto o di una persecuzione (per esempio di essere spiato, di essere progressivamente avvelenato, o di trovarsi in procinto di essere assassinato).» [Fonte]


Ma non esiste limite al peggio.

Dal disturbo delirante a quello paranoide il passo è breve (MeSH D010260, MedlinePlus 000938)

«Il disturbo paranoide è un disturbo di personalità caratterizzato da diffidenza e sospettosità che spingono a interpretare le motivazioni degli altri sempre come malevole per la propria persona o per le persone a cui il paranoico vuole bene (figli, genitori, famigliari…). Gli individui che maturano questa struttura di personalità sono dominati in maniera rigida e pervasiva da pensieri fissi di persecuzione, timori di venir danneggiati, paura continua di subire un tradimento anche da persone amate, senza che però l’intensità di tali pensieri raggiunga caratteri deliranti. L'”esame di realtà” rimane, infatti, intatto.

Secondo la prospettiva psicodinamica, queste caratteristiche di personalità sono prevalentemente attribuibili ad un massiccio uso del meccanismo di difesa della proiezione, attraverso il quale le caratteristiche ritenute cattive appartenenti alla propria persona vengono attribuite, proiettate all’esterno, su altre persone, o sull’intero ambiente, che verrà così percepito come costantemente ostile e pericoloso per la sopravvivenza dell’individuo.» [Fonte]


Il quadro non trattato ha un decorso naturale che sfocia in una forma di schizofrenia.

L’assunzione di alcune sostanze stupefacenti o farmaci sembra causare o peggiorare i sintomi.

Sono altresì frequenti i casi di abuso di sostanze (riscontrabili in quasi il 50% dei pazienti)

Circa la metà di questi pazienti erano cocainomani. Un quadro particolareggiato è stato pubblicato da:

Buckley PF, Miller BJ, Lehrer DS, Castle DJ, Psychiatric comorbidities and schizophrenia, in Schizophr Bull, vol. 35, nº 2, marzo 2009, pp. 383–402, DOI:10.1093/schbul/sbn135, PMC 2659306, PMID 19011234.

* * * * * * *

Le poche persone che siano riuscite a leggere fino in fondo il Mein Kampf oppure i Discorsi di Lenin vi avranno immediatamente riconosciuto questi due personaggi.

Era stata fatta un’elaborazione religiosa del delirio, ove il presunto nemico, per uno l’Ebreo e per l’altro il Borghese, erano considerati alla stregua del male assoluto, di satana. Un male così malvagio e così potente che nulla sarebbe stato sufficientemente perverso per fermarli: tutto sarebbe stato giustificato e giustificabile pur di annientarli.

Come conseguenza sequenziale, del resto ovvia, questo delirio forniva anche la ragione necessaria e sufficiente alla proprie esistenza ed al proprio agire. Il nazionalsocialismo esisteva per controbattere l’Ebreo, il comunismo per contenere le brame capitaliste del borghese.

E nella mente di Hitler e di Lenin diventava naturale il considerarsi dei benefattori della umanità, alla stregua dei santi.

* * * * * * *

Il delirio schizofrenico ha il grande vantaggio di essere facilmente comunicabile, comprensibile nella sua essenza e, soprattutto, di essere auto assolutorio: la colpa sarà sempre degli “Ebrei” oppure dei “Borghesi“.


Se gli esempi storici del nazionalsocialismo e del comunismo dovrebbero essere auto evidenti lo stesso potrebbe essere riferito all’ideologia liberal ed a quella del socialismo ideologico.

Ambedue giustificano la propria esistenza additando un nemico: per loro non esistono avversari politici. Esistono solo nemici.

Come Hitler e come Lenin si reputano salvatori del’umanità, filantropi è il termine che usano a proposito ed a sproposito. E come questi due dittatori restano stupefatti del fatto che la gente non li ami.

Negli Usa Mr Trump e ciò che rappresenta ha preso il posto di “Ebrei” o “Borghesi“. In Europa questo ruolo è stato addossato ai “populisti“.

È evidente quanto questa costruzione sia scazontica, se ne rendono conto gli stessi liberal e socialisti.

Ecco quindi, quasi a voler far buon peso, l’aggiunta della Russia.

Sicuramente questa esiste e fa di tutto per esistere al meglio: perché poi non dovrebbe?

Altrettanto sicuramente il suo Presidente cura gli affari della federazione: perché un russo non dovrebbe fare gli interessi della Russia?

Che i russi nel tutelare i propri interessi non guardino il pelo nell’uovo sembrerebbe non essere una loro peculiare caratteristica: più o meno tutte le nazioni si difendono e difendono i loro interessi con ogni mezzo, ivi compresi quelli illegali, dall’omicidio al ricatto.

Ma di qui al demonizzarli sistematicamente ce ne passa molto.

Alla fine si arriva al ridicolo.

Il buon Stalin soleva dire:

«Dicano pure che sono crudele, ma non che io sia ridicolo».

* * * * * * *

L’ambasciatore russo in Vaticano: quel gas nervino e gli Usa.

Che cosa può dirci della crisi con il governo britannico dopo il tentato omicidio dell’ex spia russa Serghej Skripal e di sua figlia Yulia nel centro di Salisbury?

«La storia è davvero molto strana. Secondo la stampa inglese il gas era di fabbricazione sovietica. Beh, anche se supponiamo l’impossibile – se l’attentatore fosse russo sarebbe stato proprio stupido a usare un gas sovietico rendendo immediatamente palese da dove proviene l’autore. Questo gas speciale era prodotto da una fabbrica chimica militare in Uzbekistan. Questa fabbrica è stata controllata dagli americani che l’hanno chiusa e hanno verificato che tutta produzione venisse distrutta. Un altro particolare: l’autore della formula di questo gas è un grande chimico russo  [Vil Mirzanyanov] , immigrato negli Stati Uniti 26 anni fa, che per tutto questo tempo ha lavorato nei laboratori americani. In Inghilterra questa ex spia russa scambiata nove anni fa, era stata dimenticata. Ma una settimana prima dell’attentato, la televisione britannica ha trasmesso un film sulla sua storia. Poi c’è stato il tentato omicidio. Ancora, è molto strano che proprio nell’ospedale vicino dove Skripal e sua figlia sono stati ricoverati avessero un antidoto per il gas adoperato».

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Putin, Russia

Putin. Sintesi della attuale corsa ai nuovi missili.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Putin Vladimir 012

Parlare di armamenti strategici è sempre molto difficile, perché gli stati ben poco dichiarano di casa effettivamente abbiano disponibile così come chi siano i target militari.

È un più che comprensibile ed encomiabile segreto di stato, di cui si lascia trasparire qualcosa secondo opportunità. E non sempre sono cose vere.

Un altro grande motivo di incertezza deriva dal fatto che un sistema d’arma decantato potrebbe rivelarsi un fallimento sul campo. Potrebbe essere superato, malfunzionante, impiegato in malo modo, esattamente come potrebbe essere facilmente neutralizzato dal nemico.

«Five new invincible nuclear weapons:

– a new heavy liquid fueled long-range intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM);

– a hypersonic multiwarhead air-launched cruise missile;

– a hypersonic ICBM;

– a ground-launched nuclear powered cruise missile;

– an intercontinental nuclear-powered undersea drone.»

Una sola cosa è certissima:

«The last thing the world needs is another arms race»


Molti i fattori da considerare.

– Sicuramente i progressi tecnici sono stati vorticosi negli ultimi tempi. Molti sistemi di arma sono diventati rapidamente obsoleti, impiegabili al più contro avversari di scarna consistenza. La loro manutenzione e miglioramento è quindi cosa del tutto naturale, così come la loro sostituzione.

– Altrettanto sicuramente spesso il capo del governo deve tenere presente l’opinione pubblica e la mentalità dell’opposizione interna. Non di rado l’individuare un nemico esterno, vero talora ma di norma fasullo, cementa la posizione del governante e ricompatta la nazione. Distoglie l’attenzione dai problemi interni.

«Please do not pay attention to what I am saying, I am also talking to my constituents»

– Dopo il collasso dell’Unione Sovietica alla fine degli anni ottanta la Russia ha attraversato un periodo travagliato e severo alla ricerca di una nuova identità, con un sistema economico sinistrato ed un struttura politica tutta da costruire ex novo. È solo con l’avvento di Mr Putin che ha iniziato a normalizzarsi, processo tuttora in corso. È quindi logico che desideri ripristinare la sua forza militare. Senza di questa sarebbe impossibile ogni politica estera.

– In occasione dell’implosione dell’Unione Sovietica l’Occidente è stato sprovvido. Con gli avversari esistono solo due tipologie di condotta: o li si annienta oppure si tratta in modo paritetico. L’Occidente ha umiliato la Russia, ed i russi hanno una memoria elefantiaca, abbinata ad una incredibile pazienza. Se è del tutto ragionevole che la Russia ambisca ad avere i mezzi necessari a difendersi, è altresì palpabile il desiderio di revanche. La Russia vuole riprendersi pienamente il ruolo internazionale, e vuole che esso sia riconosciuto.

– «In 2001, for no good reason, the George W. Bush administration unilaterally withdrew from the 1972 ABM Treaty that the Nixon administration had negotiated with the former Soviet Union». Non è questo tempo e luogo per questionare sull’accaduto, ma un comportamento è sicuramente censurabile: “unilaterally”. Un politico a capo di una superpotenza nucleare parla, tratta, riforma vecchi accordi e ne stipula dei nuovi.: tutti devono alzarsi soddisfatti dal tavolo delle trattative. I gesti unilaterali generano reazioni spesso fuori controllo.

– «Bush compounded the situation by announcing the United States would actually deploy an ABM system in Poland and the Czech Republic». Portare la Nato immediatamente a ridosso del confine con la Russia ha avuto come conseguenza immediata la necessità di disporre di sistemi di corto raggio, di offesa e di difesa. Di qui una corsa agli armamenti specifici.

– Da ultimo, l’affare Ukraina è stato trattato in modo quanto mai dilettantesco. L’Occidente ha cercato di incunearsi direttamente ai confini meridionali della Russia, scatenandone la reazione. Una operazione condotta in modo tentennante, lastricata di promesse mai mantenute. E la minaccia di mettervi armi nucleari ha scatenato una reazione di compattamento nazionale in Russia e di corsa agli armamenti di nuova generazione.



Il politico è colui che agglutina, che sa mutuare, che sa parlare con tutti e che, soprattutto, sta a sentire e cerca di capire cosa intenda e voglia il suo interlocutore. Un politico accorto o annienta o tratta.

The Diplomat. 2018-03-07. Putin’s Exotic New Missiles Didn’t Come From Nowhere. What Can the US Do in Response?

The last thing the world needs is another arms race. The U.S. would do well to avoid taking Putin’s bait.


While watching President Vladimir Putin’s State of the Nation’s speech delivered before both houses of the Russian Parliament on March 1, 2018, I was reminded of an incident that occurred several years ago when I was testifying before the U.S. House of Representatives. During the hearing, a congressman (who eventually went on to become a senator) was making some accusations about the Pentagon that he could see were upsetting me. Before I could respond, he had one of his aides hand me a note that said, “Please do not pay attention to what I am saying, I am also talking to my constituents.”

As a result, for the rest of the hearing, I ignored most of the congressman’s claims and met with him after the hearing to discuss the issues he raised. We remained friends and worked together for several more years to deal with the challenges facing the country.

There is no doubt that the speech that Putin gave was in large part intended for his constituents. But it does have some ramifications for the international community, particularly the United States. While Putin will be overwhelmingly re-elected to his fourth (and final) presidential term, he obviously felt the need to energize his base to ensure high turnout – which he believes will legitimize what he feels are his accomplishments. Therefore, he told his audience in the arena as well as those watching or listening, the problems that have plagued Russia at home and abroad since the collapse of the Soviet Union are now over. But close examination of his speech shows that most of Putin’s claims are wildly exaggerated.

This is particularly true in the domestic area. Overall, the Russian economy is not doing well. While it grew by a modest 1.5 percent in 2017, this was the first year of real growth since 2014, and it actually contracted by 0.2 percent in 2016. About 20 million people, or 15 percent of the Russian population, live in poverty, and life expectancy is among the lowest in the industrial world. Yet, in his speech, Putin claimed that the Russian GDP will expand by 10 percent every year over the next five years. In addition, he said he would double spending on health care, increase spending on infrastructure, reduce poverty, and increase life expectancy by 10 percent.

While Putin’s address lasted almost two hours, he spent most of the time discussing domestic issues. But he seemed to reserve the most enthusiasm when speaking about his nuclear weapons, which also garnered the bulk of attention around the world. His message was that — despite the efforts of the United States to undermine Russia’s strategic nuclear deterrent by enhancing its missile defenses in the U.S., Europe, and Asia and developing new nuclear weapons — Russia is taking actions to ensure that its nuclear arsenal will be more than capable of deterring the United States and protecting Russia and its allies.

According to Putin, Russia is developing five new invincible nuclear weapons: a new heavy liquid fueled long-range intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM); a hypersonic multiwarhead air-launched cruise missile; a hypersonic ICBM; a ground-launched nuclear powered cruise missile; and an intercontinental nuclear-powered undersea drone. The Russian president claimed that these new weapons will not only negate the anti-ballistic missiles (ABMs) the United States has deployed but will now force it to listen to Russia on this subject. Putin even showed simulated videos of some of these “invincible nuclear weapons” hitting Florida.

It is not clear how much the Russians can or will spend on these new weapons or even whether they will work. In fact, the United States actually tried to develop a nuclear-powered cruise missile in the 1960s but had to cancel it and, moreover, such weapons are not even necessary to maintain strategic deterrence. There is considerable doubt about whether the ABMs that the United States has deployed can even deal with an attack from a handful of North Korean missiles, let alone the 5,000 in the Russian arsenal. A Pentagon report from last year claimed that the missile defense programs demonstrate a limited capability to defend the U.S. homeland from small numbers of medium-range missiles launched from North Korea or Iran.

But while these weapons are not necessary to ensure Russian strategic capability, and will divert scare resources from Russia’s pressing domestic needs, there is no doubt that the United States bears some responsibility for Putin’s attempt to develop his new strategic posture.

In 2001, for no good reason, the George W. Bush administration unilaterally withdrew from the 1972 ABM Treaty that the Nixon administration had negotiated with the former Soviet Union. Under this treaty, each side was prevented from deploying national defenses against long-range ballistic missiles. Bush claimed that it was necessary to withdraw from the treaty to defend against missile attacks from terrorist or rogue states, and argued that abrogating the treaty actually made no difference because the Soviet Union no longer existed. Both of these claims were, of course, bogus. The 1972 treaty prevented neither the Americans nor the Russians from developing defenses against short- and medium-range missiles. Moreover, in 1997, the United States affirmed that the ABM Treaty would now apply to Russia. Not surprisingly Putin claimed it was a mistake to abrogate the treaty but in 2001, given the weakened state of Russia, he was in no position to do anything about it. Rather than discussing the issue with him, the Bush administration simply ignored Putin’s concerns, something many experts warned could lead to a new arms race. 

Bush compounded the situation by announcing the United States would actually deploy an ABM system in Poland and the Czech Republic, theoretically to guard against missiles from Iran, and President Barack Obama eventually placed a truncated version of the system in Romania and Poland. While the reasons given for this deployment were technically correct, this is not how the Russians perceived it, particularly after the Iran nuclear deal was concluded. They believe an ABM system in Eastern Europe is there to prevent them from responding to a conventional NATO attack on them or their allies. Putin has responded to this deployment by developing ground-launched cruise missiles that violate the spirit and intent of the INF Treaty.

The Russian reaction to our withdrawal from the ABM Treaty should not have surprised Bush and his acolytes. They should have remembered how the Russians reacted to President Ronald Reagan’s Star Wars program, even though most reputable experts and scientists argued that it would never work.

The Trump administration made the situation with Russia worse when its recently released nuclear posture review (NPR) announced that it was not only modernizing all three legs of the U.S. nuclear triad but adding two new lower yield nuclear weapons that it would use not only in retaliation for a nuclear attack but even against cyberattacks. In addition, Trump refused Putin’s offer to extend the New START Treaty for five years from its expiration in 2021.

While there is no doubt that Putin’s speech played well at home, the United States should not compound the problem by overreacting any more than I did when the congressman made those claims about the Pentagon many years ago. The last thing the United States and the world need is a new nuclear arms race, something Trump claimed in December 2016 that he would be open to. Rather, Russia and the United States must work together to deal with nuclear proliferation — especially in North Korea — and use the savings from a new agreement to deal with pressing domestic issues in both countries. Trump should capitalize on his “great relationship” with Putin by both extending New START and offering to begin a new round of arms control talks in which they could make a deal to not only reduce the excessive nuclear weapons on both sides but also reinvigorate the INF Treaty.

Pubblicato in: Putin, Russia

Putin. Discorso di indirizzo all’Assemblea Federale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


2018-03-01__Putin 001

Il Kremlin, President of Russia, ha rilasciato il testo della prima parte del discorso di indirizzo del Presidente Putin alla Assemblea Federale.

È stato un discorso focalizzato sui problemi sociali della Federazione.

La quasi totalità dei media si è focalizzata sugli spunti e sulle implicanze militari, che però sembrerebbero essere state le problematiche di minore importanza.


«It is our moral duty to provide all-round support to members of the older generation, who have made a tremendous contribution to national development. Senior citizens must have worthy conditions for a long, active and healthy life. Most importantly, we must raise pensions and index them regularly, so that they outpace inflation. We will also strive to reduce the gap between the size of pensions and pre-retirement wages»


«We consider every person important and valuable»


«We need to address all these issues using a comprehensive approach»


«Let me remind you that in 2000, 42 million people lived below the poverty line, which amounted to nearly 30 percent – 29 percent of the population. In 2012, this indicator fell to 10 percent.»


«Poverty has increased slightly against the backdrop of the economic crisis»


«Today, 20 million Russian nationals live in poverty. Of course, this is much fewer than the 42 million people in 2000, but it is still way too many»


«There are even working people who have to live very modest lives.»


«For the first time in our recent history, the minimum wage was equated with the subsistence level.»


«This provision will come into force on May 1, 2018, and will benefit about 4 million people»

* * *  * * * * * * *

March 1, 2018. 14:00. Moscow.

The President of Russia delivered the Address to the Federal Assembly. The ceremony took place at the Manezh Central Exhibition Hall.

The presentation of the Address was attended by Federation Council members, State Duma deputies, members of the Government, leaders of the Constitutional Court and Supreme Court, governors, speakers of the legislatures of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the leaders of traditional religions, public figures, including the heads of regional civic chambers, as well as the leaders of major media outlets.

* * *

President of Russia Vladimir Putin: Citizens of Russia, members of the Federation Council and State Duma,

Today’s Address is a very special landmark event, just as the times we are living in, when the choices we make and every step we take are set to shape the future of our country for decades to come.

It is at such turning points that Russia has proven, time and again, its ability to develop and renew itself, discover new territories, build cities, conquer space and make major discoveries. This unwavering forward-looking drive, coupled with traditions and values, ensured the continuity in the thousand-year-long history of our nation.

We have gone through major challenging transformations, and were able to overcome new and extremely complex economic and social challenges, preserved the unity of our country, built a democratic society and set it on the path to freedom and independence.

We ensured sustainability and stability in almost all areas of life, which is critical for a huge and multi-ethnic country like ours with its complex federative structure and diversity of cultures, with historical divides that are still alive in people’s memory and major challenges Russia had to face over the course of its history.

However, sustainability is the foundation of development but not its guarantee. We have no right to allow a situation when the stability that has been achieved would lead to complacency, all the more so as many problems remain unresolved.

Today, Russia ranks among the world’s leading nations with a powerful foreign economic and defence potential. But we have not yet reached the required level in the context of accomplishing our highly important task and guaranteeing people’s quality of life and prosperity. But we must do this, and we will do this.

As I said in the past, the state’s role and positions in the modern world are not determined only or predominantly by natural resources or production capacities; the decisive role is played by the people, as well as conditions for every individual’s development, self-assertion and creativity. Therefore, everything hinges on efforts to preserve the people of Russia and to guarantee the prosperity of our citizens We must achieve a decisive breakthrough in this area.

I repeat, a solid foundation has been created for this. Therefore, we can now set and accomplish new tasks. We already have substantial experience in implementing ambitious programmes and social projects. The Russian economy has proved its resilience, and the current stable macro-economic situation opens up new opportunities for surging ahead and maintaining long-term growth.

Finally, the world is now accumulating a tremendous technological potential making it possible to achieve a real breakthrough in improving the people’s quality of life and modernising the economy, the infrastructure and state governance and administration. How effectively we will able to use the colossal potentialities of the technological revolution, and how we will respond to its challenges depends on us alone. In this sense, the next few years will prove decisive for the country’s future. I reiterate, these years will be decisive.

I will tell you why. What I will say now has no connection to the domestic political cycle or even the presidential election. No matter who is elected President, each Russian citizen and all of us together must be able to see what is going on in the world, what is happening around us, and what challenges we are facing.

The speed of technological progress is accelerating sharply. It is rising dramatically. Those who manage to ride this technological wave will surge far ahead. Those who fail to do this will be submerged and drown in this wave.

Technological lag and dependence translate into reduced security and economic opportunities of the country and, ultimately, the loss of its sovereignty. This is the way things stand now. The lag inevitably weakens and erodes the human potential. Because new jobs, modern companies and an attractive life will develop in other, more successful countries where educated and talented young people will go, thereby draining the society’s vital powers and development energy.

As I have said, changes concern the entire civilization, and the sheer scale of these changes calls for an equally powerful response. We are ready to provide it. We are ready for a genuine breakthrough.

My confidence is based on the results we have achieved together, even though they may seem modest at first glance, as well as on the unity of Russian society and, most importantly, on the huge potential of Russia and our talented and ingenious people.

In order to move forward and to develop dynamically, we must expand freedom in all spheres, strengthen democratic institutions, local governments, civil society institutions and courts, and also open the country to the world and to new ideas and initiatives.

It is high time we take a number of tough decisions that are long overdue. We need to get rid of anything that stands in the way of our development and prevents people from fully unleashing their potential. It is our obligation to focus all resources and summon all our strength and willpower in this daring effort that must yield results.

Otherwise, there will be no future for us, our children or our country. It is not a question of someone conquering or devastating our land. No, that is not the danger. The main threat and our main enemy is the fact that we are falling behind. If we are unable to reverse this trend, we will fall even further behind. This is like a serious chronic disease that steadily saps the energy from the body and destroys it from within step by step. Quite often, this destructive process goes unnoticed by the body.

We need to master creative power and boost development so that no obstacles prevent us from moving forward with confidence and independently. We must take ownership of our destiny.


What should be our priority? Let me reiterate that I believe that the main, key development factor is the well-being of the people and the prosperity of Russian families.

Let me remind you that in 2000, 42 million people lived below the poverty line, which amounted to nearly 30 percent – 29 percent of the population. In 2012, this indicator fell to 10 percent.

Poverty has increased slightly against the backdrop of the economic crisis. Today, 20 million Russian nationals live in poverty. Of course, this is much fewer than the 42 million people in 2000, but it is still way too many. There are even working people who have to live very modest lives.

For the first time in our recent history, the minimum wage was equated with the subsistence level. This provision will come into force on May 1, 2018, and will benefit about 4 million people. This is an important step but it still falls short of offering a fundamental solution.

We need to upgrade the employment structure that has become inefficient and archaic, provide good jobs that motivate people, improve their well-being and help them uncover their talents. We need to create decent well-paid jobs. This would help deliver on one of the key objectives for the next decade, which is to guarantee sustained long-term real income growth, and to reduce the poverty rate by at least one half over the next six years.

It is our moral duty to provide all-round support to members of the older generation, who have made a tremendous contribution to national development. Senior citizens must have worthy conditions for a long, active and healthy life. Most importantly, we must raise pensions and index them regularly, so that they outpace inflation. We will also strive to reduce the gap between the size of pensions and pre-retirement wages. And, of course, we must raise the quality of healthcare and social support for senior citizens and help people who are alone and those facing problems in life.

We need to address all these issues using a comprehensive approach. As I see it, the future new Government will have to draft a special programme for the systematic support of senior citizens and for improving their quality of life.

We consider every person important and valuable. People need to know that they are needed, and they must live a long and healthy life and enjoy their grandchildren and great-grandchildren. They need to see their children grow up and become successful in a powerful, rapidly developing and successful country that is attaining new development levels.

Russia must firmly assert itself among the five largest global economies, and its per-capita GDP must increase by 50 percent by the middle of the next decade. This is a very difficult task. I am confident that we are ready to accomplish it.

Of course, life expectancy is a highly important fundamental parameter for gauging the well-being of citizens and the country. In 2000, Russia posted a life expectancy of just over 65 years, with men’s life expectancy falling below 60 years. This is not just low, it is a tragedy, and this parameter is tragically inadequate.

In the past few years, Russia has been posting a major increase in average life expectancy levels, which is among the highest in the world. We have managed to accomplish this task. Life expectancy levels have increased by over seven years and now total 73 years. But, of course, this is not enough either. Today, we must set an entirely new goal. By the end of the next decade, Russia must confidently join the club of countries posting a life expectancy of 80-plus years, which includes Japan, France and Germany.

At the same time, life expectancy levels for people living a healthy, active and full life, when they are not hampered and pinned down by illness, must grow faster than planned. I am confident that we can achieve this goal, considering the positive trends of the previous years. For this purpose, the whole of Russia will have to make a quantum leap in its development, so that the life of every person is transformed.