Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Amazzonia. Scusa EU per colpire l’import di carne brasiliana.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-08-27.

Proprietà Privata 001

Il problema degli incendi nella Amazzonia sembrerebbe essere soltanto un pretesto per far progredire un ben più sostanzioso contenzioso.

«The EU buys 120,000 tonnes a year of beef from Brazil, about one tenth of its total beef exports, and pays some of the highest prices for prime cuts»

«European imports were set to increase due to tariff cuts under a new trade deal between the EU and Mercosur, a South American bloc»

«But France and Ireland have also said they would not sign the trade pact unless Brazil tries to stop the blaze.»

«”There is no way that Ireland will vote for the EU-Mercosur free trade agreement if Brazil does not honour its environmental commitments,” Irish leader Leo Varadkar said on Friday»

«”In these conditions, France will oppose the Mercosur deal as it is,” French president Emmanuel Macron’s spokesman also told the Reuters news agency.»

«Using undiplomatic language, the Elysee spokesman accused Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro of having “lied” to Macron on climate promises at a recent summit in Japan»

«The fires have been linked to the far-right Bolsonaro’s permits for cutting down trees to help big business»

«But Bolsonaro told him to butt out, while accusing him of “a misplaced colonialist mindset”.»

«”Isn’t Norway that country that kills whales up there in the North Pole? Take that money and help [German leader] Angela Merkel reforest Germany,”»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è semplicissimo.

L’Unione Europea ha stretto un accordo con Mercosur, ma Francia, Finlandia ed altri stati non ne vogliono sapere di firmarlo. Questo trattato permetterebbe di importare dall’America latina prodotti alimentari che, senza essere gravati da dazi, sarebbero altamente concorrenziali con quelli prodotti in Europa a costi quasi doppi.

Di qui scaturisce la ricerca di un qualsiasi pretesto per bloccare la firma definitiva del Trattato.

A ciò si aggiunga la divergenza ideologia che separa Francia e Germania dal Brasile, fatto questo che vale molto sia per Mr Macron sia per Frau Merkel.

Infine, tutta l’Unione Europea sembrerebbe essersi avviata sulla strada di una severe recessione, che oramai sta sconfinando con una franca depressione. In questa situazione apparirebbe essere ragionevole che Mr Macron cerchi di proteggere il comparto alimentare francese, facendone pagare i costi a tutti gli europei.

Tuttavia il risultato finale che si prospetta è davvero ben poco simpatico: il costo finale graverà sulle spalle dei Contribuenti europei: ventisei paesi dovranno pagare lo scotto alle esigenze francesi.

Nota.

«Take that money and help [German leader] Angela Merkel reforest Germany”»

Già. La dirigenza europea si sta avviando ad attuare il Piano Morgenthau.


EU Observer. 2019-08-25. EU to discuss Brazil beef ban over Amazon fires

The EU ought to consider banning Brazilian beef unless it takes action on forest fires, Finland, the holder of the EU presidency, has said.

“The EU and Finland are urgently exploring the possibility of banning imports of Brazilian beef,” Mika Lintila, the Finnish finance minister, announced on Twitter on Friday (23 August).

“Finance ministers are responsible for a number of instruments … to mitigate climate change. These actions threaten to be rendered useless if carbon sinks are systematically destroyed,” he added.

EU finance ministers would discuss the ban at an informal meeting in Helsinki on 13 September if there was “no progress before then”, he noted.

EU foreign ministers will already discuss the situation more broadly at an informal meeting next Thursday, Finnish foreign minister Pekka Haavisto also said on Friday.

And the two ministers have the full support of Finnish leader Antti Rinne, who said the same day: “I contacted the European Commission yesterday evening, and I expect that the EU will take action”.

He did not mention the beef ban, but he said: “It goes without saying that in terms of climate change, the world cannot sustain such fires”.

Brazil’s embassy to the EU said it could not comment because its ambassador was on holiday.

A commission spokeswoman said EU officials would react to Finland’s beef idea once they had found out more about it.

The EU buys 120,000 tonnes a year of beef from Brazil, about one tenth of its total beef exports, and pays some of the highest prices for prime cuts.

European imports were set to increase due to tariff cuts under a new trade deal between the EU and Mercosur, a South American bloc.

But France and Ireland have also said they would not sign the trade pact unless Brazil tries to stop the blaze.

“There is no way that Ireland will vote for the EU-Mercosur free trade agreement if Brazil does not honour its environmental commitments,” Irish leader Leo Varadkar said on Friday.

“In these conditions, France will oppose the Mercosur deal as it is,” French president Emmanuel Macron’s spokesman also told the Reuters news agency.

Undiplomatic

Using undiplomatic language, the Elysee spokesman accused Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro of having “lied” to Macron on climate promises at a recent summit in Japan.

A Finnish diplomat told EUobserver that Helsinki had not yet taken a position on Mercosur trade.

In separate action, Germany (€35m a year) and Norway (€30m a year) have frozen deforestation aid to Brazil.

The fires have been linked to the far-right Bolsonaro’s permits for cutting down trees to help big business.

Macron earlier said the blaze would be discussed by G7 leaders meeting in France this weekend.

But Bolsonaro told him to butt out, while accusing him of “a misplaced colonialist mindset”.

“Isn’t Norway that country that kills whales up there in the North Pole? Take that money and help [German leader] Angela Merkel reforest Germany,” he also said on Norway.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. Autovetture +10.94% a/a, veicoli commerciali +8.64% a/a.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-17.

2019-07-10__Brasile__001

Brasile. Bolsonaro. I fondi delle ngo saranno supervisionati.

Brasile. Esce dall’UN Migration Pact e disconosce l’Accordo di Parigi sul ‘clima’.

Bolsonaro. Un discorso da statista. Il Brasile inverte la rotta.

«This is the beginning of Brazil’s liberation from socialism, political correctness and a bloated state»

«the distortion of human rights and the breakdown of the family»

«economic irresponsibility and ideological submission.»

«There are hundreds of bureaucratic governing bodies across Brazil, of regulators as well. … We have to untangle the mess»

«Brazil would no longer serve the interests of international non-governmental organizations»

*

Da quando è stato liberamente eletto, i media liberal hanno scaricato sul Presidente Bolsonaro ogni sorta di nequizia, dimostrando tra l’altro di avere una fantasia davvero fervida: in sei mesi Mr Bolsonaro avrebbe ridotto l Brasile alla mendicità.

«In June, vehicle registrations in Brazil grew by 10.5% with respect to June of 2018. In total, 223,198 cars were registered and 2,707,853 new cars were sold in the last twelve months, 13.44% more than the year before»

«The breakdown of car sales figures for the month of June is:

– Commercial vehicles sold: 41,901, 8.64% more than in June of 2018.

– Passenger cars regitrations: 181,297, which represents a figure of 10.94% more than in June of 2018»

«A very useful variable for estimating the level of economic wealth enjoyed by Brazilians residents, when compared to the other countries in the ranking, is the number of vehicles sold or registered per thousand residents in the last year»

«With annual sales of 12.93 cars per 1,000 residents, 1.07 of them in the last month, Brazil, occupies 49th place in the ranking»

«As several studies indicate, these changes are very much related to changes in GDP and, hence, to a country’s economic situation»

* * * * * * *

Come al solito, una cosa sono le parole, per quanto suggestive e suadenti, ed una del tutto differente le statistiche numeriche.

Un incremento del 10.94% delle autovetture sembrerebbe essere un buon inizio.


Brazil – New motor vehicle registrations

More June passenger car were sold in Brazil

In June, vehicle registrations in Brazil grew by 10.5% with respect to June of 2018. In total, 223,198 cars were registered and 2,707,853 new cars were sold in the last twelve months, 13.44% more than the year before.

The breakdown of car sales figures for the month of June is:

– Commercial vehicles sold: 41,901, 8.64% more than in June of 2018.

– Passenger cars regitrations: 181,297, which represents a figure of 10.94% more than in June of 2018.

Brazil is among the ten countries where the greatest number of cars have been registered in the last year, in ranking of 135 countries based on number of vehicle registrations.

A very useful variable for estimating the level of economic wealth enjoyed by Brazilians residents, when compared to the other countries in the ranking, is the number of vehicles sold or registered per thousand residents in the last year. With annual sales of 12.93 cars per 1,000 residents, 1.07 of them in the last month, Brazil, occupies 49th place in the ranking.

As can be seen, the number of registrations per thousand residents has grown in the last year. The increase in this figure is positive, as it generally indicates improved public confidence in the country’s economy.

Changes in Brazilian vehicle registration numbers are shown in the tables below. As several studies indicate, these changes are very much related to changes in GDP and, hence, to a country’s economic situation. Sales have declined since 2009, as 2,862,926 were registered that year, as have the number of registrations per thousand residents, which that year numbered 14.99.

Here we show you the progression of vehicle registrations in Brazil. You can see car registrations in other countries in en vehicle registrations and see all the economic information about Brazil in en Brazilian economy.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. Bolsonaro licenzia il boss del forum sul ‘clima’.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-14.

Bolsonaro 010

Senza appoggio politico e governativo, e quindi senza accesso ai fondi pubblici, il così detto ‘clima’ sarebbe destinato alla estinzione.

Di questi giorni Mr Bolsonaro ha licenziato Mr Alfredo Sirkis, capo del Brazil Forum for Climate Change e noto supporter ambientalista. Dalla sua posizione, Mr Sirkis perseguiva azioni contrastanti la linea governativa.

«Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro fired the head of a government-backed climate forum, after the group organized states to work around the right-wing federal government’s ambiguous positions on climate change»

*

«The Brazil Forum for Climate Change was created by Bolsonaro’s predecessor, Michel Temer, to formulate the country’s plan to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate change»

*

«It is run in partnership with civil society groups.»

*

«Sirkis, who describes himself as a “militant environmentalist,” is a co-founder of the country’s Green Party and a former congressman, as well as a former guerilla fighter who fought against Brazil’s military dictatorship»

*

«the firing was probably related to the forum’s initiative to organize 12 Brazilian states to create a council on climate change that would act independently from the federal government»

*

«his views on climate change were at odds with the new government’s»

*

«Sirkis is among the many activists and former officials who have criticized Bolsonaro»

*

«The new government downgraded the importance of the climate change portfolio»

*

«Bolsonaro and his appointed environment minister, Ricardo Salles, have expressed doubts as to whether climate change is man-made»

* * * * * * * *

Quanto accaduto si presta a molteplici considerazioni.

– L’unica Società Civile degna di quel nome è il Corpo Elettorale che si esprime nelle urne: essa è il Popolo Sovrano.

– Microscopici gruppuscoli non possono fregiarsi del nome di Società Civile, sia per l’esiguità del numero degli adepti, sia perché non passati attraverso il vaglio elettorale. Se volessero parlare, ebbene, si presentino alle elezioni e le vincano: fino a tal momento non sono altro che nulla.

– Il Governo in carica deve essere onorato e rispettato, essendo esso la Istituzione, vidimata dal vaglio elettorale. Le elezioni non sarebbero necessarie se tutti i governi la pensassero allo stesso modo, ma così non è.

– Se ciascuno è libero di dissentire dai programmi e dall’operato di un governo, un pubblico ufficiale non ha la potestà di imbastire azioni che contrastino le direttive ricevute: nel caso, si dimetta.

*

Ambientalisti e supporter del ‘clima’ se ne diano una ragione: le elezioni le ha vinte Mr Bolsonaro, non loro.


Reuters. 2019-05-11. Brazil’s Bolsonaro fires ‘militant’ head of climate change action group

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro fired the head of a government-backed climate forum, after the group organized states to work around the right-wing federal government’s ambiguous positions on climate change.

*

The Brazil Forum for Climate Change was created by Bolsonaro’s predecessor, Michel Temer, to formulate the country’s plan to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate change. It is run in partnership with civil society groups.

Temer appointed Alfredo Sirkis to lead the forum. Sirkis, who describes himself as a “militant environmentalist,” is a co-founder of the country’s Green Party and a former congressman, as well as a former guerilla fighter who fought against Brazil’s military dictatorship.

Sirkis told Reuters he was fired on Friday. He said the firing was probably related to the forum’s initiative to organize 12 Brazilian states to create a council on climate change that would act independently from the federal government.

But he acknowledged it could be for many reasons, because his views on climate change were at odds with the new government’s.

“For me it was absolutely no surprise,” he said. “Because I’m a militant environmentalist for more than 30 years…I’m too politically involved in the environmental struggle.”

His firing was published in the official government gazette, which named Sao Paulo state environment official Oswaldo dos Santos Lucon to fill the role.

Sirkis is among the many activists and former officials who have criticized Bolsonaro, who assumed office on Jan. 1, for what they see as the right-wing government’s anti-environment stances.

The new government downgraded the importance of the climate change portfolio within the Environment Ministry, with its powers over the country’s water agency and forestry service also being stripped.

Bolsonaro and his appointed environment minister, Ricardo Salles, have expressed doubts as to whether climate change is man-made, although Brazil remains a party to the Paris Agreement.

Sirkis said he was told that he was fired at Salles’ request.

In response, Salles told Reuters that Sirkis was replaced and that it was “nothing personal against him” without elaborating. The president’s office declined to comment.

Salles has previously refuted that the government is weakening environmental protections, saying the ministry’s restructuring is aimed at making regulations more efficient and effective.

Lucon said he will continue to work as an adviser on climate change in Sao Paulo state’s environmental authority while serving as the head of the forum.

“What I can say for now is that I trust in scientific evidence, in institutions and the need for joint efforts to comply with multilateral agreements to which Brazil is party,” Lucon said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. La difficile lettura della storia. Il 31 marzo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-09.

2018-1-23__Bolsonaro__001

Tutti gli umani accadimenti possono essere letti da punti di vista differenti, anche opposti.

Per gli italiani l’irredentista Cesare Battisti era un eroe, per gli austriaci un disertore, e come tale lo fucilarono.

Il generale Michail Nikolaevič Tuchačevskij fu fucilato il 12 giugno 1937 come traditore della patria: ma nel 1957 fu riabilitato da Nikita Khruščёv.

Se questa ambivalenza di giudizio vale per le persone fisiche, a maggior ragione vale per i sommovimenti politici di una nazione.

A suo tempo, tutti i partiti comunisti inneggiavano alla presa di potere a Cuba di Fidel Castro, mentre tutti i paesi occidentali lo definivano come fosse un dittatore.

Anche se possa sembrare cinicamente amaro, si deve ammettere che la storia la scrivono i vincitori, almeno fino a tanto che sono in grado di esercitare il potere.

Per anni Vidkun Quisling fu onorato come provvidenziale capo di governo, ed il 24 ottobre 1945 fu fucilato per alto tradimento.

*

Queste scarne considerazioni, esemplificazioni storiche, rendono ragione del perché gli archivi segreti degli stati si aprano alle ricerche degli storici molto tempo dopo gli avvenimenti ai quali si riferiscono: usualmente un centinaio di anni. La loro apertura comporta immancabilmente una lunga serie di riscontri al limite del credibile, quali per esempio, una lunga serie di tradimenti passati sotto silenzio.

Ma spesso nemmeno questo lasso di tempo è sufficiente per placare l’animosità degli animi. Si pensi come la prima storia abbastanza obiettiva della rivoluzione francese sia stata scritta dal Gaxotte nel 1928 e solo negli ultimi anni il libro sia di facile accesso, boicottato in ogni modo e maniera da talune fazioni tuttora esistenti e potenti.

Così la Rivoluzione di Ottobre è vista da alcuni come una delle peggiori iatture che il mondo abbia dovuto tollerare, mentre altri la riguardano come l’apice della liberazione umana.

*

Il problema consisterebbe nel fatto che si dovrebbero rispettare sia le persone che la vedono in un modo sia quelle che la vedono all’opposto. Fatto salvo il rispetto umano, poi sulle idee sostenute si potrebbe, e si dovrebbe, discutere. Ma spesso la foga induce a scotomizzare anche i fatti accaduti.

Estendendo il ragionamento ai nostri tempi di recente passati, se è vero che molti vedono in Francisco Franco un dittatore, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare come molti altri lo indichino come colui che ha saputo bloccare l’espansione del comunismo sovietico in Spagna e, quindi, in Europa.

Stesso discorso potrebbe essere fatto per Salazar, ma anche per Maduro: se il comunismo ritornasse in auge ed in potenza, Maduro sarebbe considerato essere un eroe.

*

Questi ragionamenti, se rettamente intesi, ci consentono di valutare al meglio quanto accade ora in Brasile.

«Alle presidenziali del 1961, con una campagna elettorale basata sulla lotta alla corruzione e forte del malcontento della popolazione più debole e povera, venne eletto Jânio Quadros con quasi il 50 per cento dei voti.

La politica di Quadros si rivelò però fallimentare, poco incisiva e populista: rifiutò il blocco di Cuba, decorò il guerrigliero comunista Che Guevara, promise di replicare la riforma agraria cubana anche in Brasile, cercò l’appoggio dei progressisti, ma venne ben presto abbandonato sia dai partiti moderati e conservatori che dall’opinione pubblica. E venne ostacolato anche dal Congresso, che propose di chiudere per governare da solo minacciando di rinunciare al mandato. Poiché nessuno lo sostenne, dopo soli 207 giorni di governo si dimise davvero.

Le dimissioni di Quadros aprirono una profonda crisi politica. Teoricamente sarebbe toccato al vicepresidente Goulart assumere la guida del governo ma al momento dell’abbandono di Quadros, Goulart si trovava in Cina per incontrare Mao Tse Tung. In sua assenza, crebbe l’ostilità delle forze armate brasiliane e di quei partiti politici, appoggiati da banchieri e latifondisti, che vedevano in Goulart una “minaccia comunista” a causa della sua vicinanza a lavoratori e sindacati. Si cercò dunque di impedire il suo insediamento e fu imposto al Congresso di trasformare il sistema politico brasiliano da presidenzialista a parlamentarista, pur di indebolirlo. ….

Il presidente Goulart, tornato ad avere pieni poteri e appoggiato dall’opinione pubblica, avviò la riforma agraria e quella dell’istruzione, difese i diritti sindacali dei lavoratori e in un celebre discorso del 13 marzo 1964, durante una manifestazione di circa 100 mila persone, annunciò la nazionalizzazione delle compagnie petrolifere. ….

Tra il 31 marzo e il primo aprile del 1964 i carroarmati dell’esercito brasiliano ricevettero l’ordine di dirigersi verso Brasilia e Rio de Janeiro. Il presidente decise di non reagire, fu deposto e fuggì in Uruguay. Il 3 aprile del 1964 il presidente del Congresso dichiarò vacante la presidenza. Il 15 aprile il maresciallo Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco divenne presidente del Brasile. ….

Il Partito Comunista del Brasile organizzò una guerriglia sulle rive del fiume Araguaia e diversi movimenti in suo sostegno iniziarono a finanziare la guerriglia con rapine in banca e rapimenti» [Fonte]

*

Anche in questa occasione il mondo si divise.

Per molti la presa di potere dei militari e la lotta alla guerriglia fu una dittatura, per molti altri invece fu la necessaria reazione per bloccare l’ascesa al potere di un regime comunista in Brasile. Era anche l’epoca della guerra fredda.

Il Brasile celebrò la data del 31 marzo fino a quando i socialisti di Lula non arrivarono al potere. Di lì a poco tale festività fu soppressa.

Ma il tempo passa inesorabile. Mr Lula è al momento in carcere e colei che lo sostituì fu destituita dalla carica presidenziale, ora ricoperta da Mr Bolsonaro, che ha ripristinato la commemorazione.

Tutte le componenti liberal socialiste ancora al potere hanno severamente condannato questo fatto, ed affermano che il governo dei militari fu una dittatura.

* * * * * * *

Da veramente da pensare come il plauso politico sia transitorio.

Aggiungiamo una ultima considerazione.

L’atto di Mr Bolsonaro non sarebbe stato possibile se i liberal socialisti fossero ancora al governo degli Stati Uniti, e meno zoppicanti nella Francia e nella Germania. È uno dei tanti segni della loro devoluzione.

*


Brazil rejects U.N. appeal not to revise history by denying 1964 military coup

The government of Brazil’s right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro has rejected an appeal by a United Nations expert not to revise Brazilian history by denying a military coup occurred in 1964.

In a letter to the U.N. human rights commission in Geneva made public on Thursday, the government said it “repudiates the baseless allegations” of the U.N. expert who criticized Bolsonaro’s decision to commemorate the 1964 military uprising as an attempt to condone rights violations.

“President Bolsonaro has reiterated his understanding that the 1964 movement was necessary to stave off the growing threat of a communist takeover of Brazil and to ensure the preservation of national institutions in the context of the Cold War,” the letter said.

According to Bolsonaro, the overthrow of an elected leftist government was not a coup d’etat, but a legitimate movement backed by the country’s Congress and judiciary, as well as the majority of Brazilians, the letter said.

Brazil’s armed forces on Sunday paid tribute to the 1964 coup that lead to a two-decade military dictatorship at the behest of Bolsonaro, who reversed an eight-year-ban on celebrations.

The move stirred debate and underscored Bolsonaro’s support for a military government that executed hundreds, tortured thousands, shuttered Congress and left most Brazilians with dark memories of the period.

Two days earlier in Geneva, Fabian Salvioli, the U.N. expert who wrote the letter and a human rights lawyer and professor, called on the Bolsonaro government to reconsider the commemoration.

“Attempts to revise history and justify or condone gross human rights violations of the past must be clearly rejected by all authorities and society as a whole,” Salvioli said.

Bolsonaro, a former Army captain, has long praised the 1964-85 military government and often said its biggest mistake was not killing enough leftists.

Pushing the U.N. appeal aside, his government is moving ahead with rewriting history.

Education Minister Ricardo Velez said in an interview published on Wednesday that school history books will be edited to give a “broader” view of what happened in 1964.

He told Valor Economico newspaper that there was no coup and the military regime that followed was not a dictatorship.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. GM pianifica un investimento da 2.7 miliardi Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-23.

Brasile 001

«General Motors Co said on Tuesday it would invest $2.7 billion in two Brazilian factories over the next five years, sparing them from a shakeup of the automaker’s operations, a decision hailed by the governor of Brazil’s largest state»

*

«Sao Paolo state Governor Joao Doria told a joint news conference with GM executives that the plants in Sao Caetano do Sul and Sao Jose dos Campos had been slated for closure last December, and said he convinced GM to reverse the decision, saving jobs»

*

«Last November, GM said it would slash thousands of jobs around the world and would close two unspecified plants outside of North America by the end of 2019»

*

«He said he dispatched his future state finance minister to fix the situation and landed a meeting in Miami with GM executives.»

*

«He said 65,000 workers employed directly and indirectly by GM would have lost their jobs without his intervention»

*

«Earlier this month, Doria announced an incentive plan granting automakers a 25 percent reduction in value added taxes if they created at least 400 jobs and invested at least 1 billion reais. At the news conference, GM announced it was creating 400 new jobs.»

*

«As announced, the plan pales in comparison to GM’s most recent investment plan in Brazil in 2014, which totaled $4 billion»

* * * * * * *

Diamo atto al nuovo Brasile di Mr Bolsonaro e di Mr Joao Doria di essere stati così abili da rovesciare una situazione che sarebbe sembrata essere stata persa.

GM avrebbe dovuto chiudere due stabilimenti con la perdita di 65,000 posti di lavoro. Bolsonaro e Doria sono riusciti a convincerli non solo a non chiudere quegli stabilimenti, ma persino a potenziarli investendovi 2.7miliardi di dollari.

Il segreto di un simile ribaltamento è fianco banale.

«a 25 percent reduction in value added taxes»

Gli economisti avranno un gran bel parlare di astrusi termini e paroloni, ma questi due governanti hanno dato al mondo una lezione pratica di cosa dovrebbero fare i governi.


Reuters. 2019-03-20. GM to invest $2.7 billion in Sao Paulo, Brazil factories over five years

General Motors Co said on Tuesday it would invest $2.7 billion in two Brazilian factories over the next five years, sparing them from a shakeup of the automaker’s operations, a decision hailed by the governor of Brazil’s largest state.

Sao Paolo state Governor Joao Doria told a joint news conference with GM executives that the plants in Sao Caetano do Sul and Sao Jose dos Campos had been slated for closure last December, and said he convinced GM to reverse the decision, saving jobs.

Last November, GM said it would slash thousands of jobs around the world and would close two unspecified plants outside of North America by the end of 2019.

The company declined to say whether its restructuring plans had referred to the two Brazilian factories, and declined to comment on whether the two plants had been slated for closure as Doria claimed.

Sitting next to Doria at the news conference, GM’s CEO for South America, Carlos Zarlenga, also did not directly address Doria’s recounting of the negotiations with GM.

Doria, a former businessman and reality TV show host, took office in January and became a vocal advocate for the state’s auto industry. Earlier this year, he said he would find a buyer for a Ford Motor Co plant that is slated to close, after the U.S. automaker said it had tried and failed to find one.

At Tuesday’s news conference, Doria said GM told him in a call days before his inauguration that it planned to close the plants.

“I thought it was going to be good news,” Doria said. “But to my surprise I was told that the next day GM CEO Mary Barra would announce the closing of two factories in Sao Paulo. I fell off my chair.”

He said he dispatched his future state finance minister to fix the situation and landed a meeting in Miami with GM executives. He said 65,000 workers employed directly and indirectly by GM would have lost their jobs without his intervention.

Earlier this month, Doria announced an incentive plan granting automakers a 25 percent reduction in value added taxes if they created at least 400 jobs and invested at least 1 billion reais. At the news conference, GM announced it was creating 400 new jobs.

Zarlenga said the future of its Sao Paulo factories had presented GM “a really serious problem,” but did not confirm that the automaker had considered closing them down.

GM, the sales leader in Brazil, South America’s largest market, had warned local employees it was dealing with heavy losses and “sacrifices” would be necessary.

As announced, the plan pales in comparison to GM’s most recent investment plan in Brazil in 2014, which totaled $4 billion. However, the announcement does not include potential future investments in the automaker’s plants elsewhere in the country.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Brasile. Bolsonaro. Produzione auto +20.5% anno su anno. Export +61.8%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-15.

Brasile 001

«Compared with a year ago, auto output rose 20.5 percent and sales grew by 26.6 percent»

*

«Automobile production in Brazil rose 29.9 percent in February from January»

*

«Exports, which have been falling due to the economic crisis in neighboring Argentina, slumped 38.9 percent compared to last year, but rose 61.8 percent compared to January»

*

«Brazil was one of the world’s five biggest auto markets until a recent downturn and remains a major base of operations for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV, Volkswagen AG, General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co.»

*

«Anything that will reduce taxes is positive»

* * * * * * * *

Il sistema economico brasiliano inizia a dare vistosi segni di ripresa.

Il settore automobilistico inoltre è caratterizzato da una elevata richiesta di manodopera specializzata e garantisce inoltre lavoro produttivo ad un largo settore indotto.

Non solo.

Questa ripresa è anche segno di un aumentato potere di acquisto da parte delle famiglie brasiliane, che iniziano a cambiare, ovvero anche ad acquistare, autovetture nuove.

L’attenzione dovrebbe però focalizzarsi su di una frase a nostro sommesso parere gi grande importanza.

«Anything that will reduce taxes is positive»

Se è vero che una riduzione di tasse ed imposte al comparto automobilistico esita in una riduzione delle entrate statali da parte di questo settore specifico, sarebbe altrettanto vero che codesta contrazione sarebbe più che compensata sia dagli aumenti salariali, 26.6% in questo caso, sia da tutti i consumi collegati ad un aumento del parco macchine.

Questa è una lezione di economia che il Brasile sta impartendo al vecchio mondo.


Reuters. 2019-03-12. Brazil auto output jumps nearly 30 percent in February, sales flat

Automobile production in Brazil rose 29.9 percent in February from January, while sales slipped 0.6 percent, the national automakers’ association said on Monday.

Automakers in Brazil produced around 257,200 new cars and trucks last month, while sales totaled about 198,600 vehicles, according to industry group Anfavea.

Compared with a year ago, auto output rose 20.5 percent and sales grew by 26.6 percent.

Production grew even though Ford’s plant in Sao Bernardo do Campo was shut for several days last month due to workers’ protests after the company announced it would exit its truck business in South America and close its plant in the town.

Exports, which have been falling due to the economic crisis in neighboring Argentina, slumped 38.9 percent compared to last year, but rose 61.8 percent compared to January.

Antonio Megale, Anfavea’s president, said that a tax incentive plan announced on Friday by the state of Sao Paulo in response to Ford’s announcement was positive for the industry, although he cautioned that its potentially positive impact would not come in the short term.

“Anything that will reduce taxes is positive,” he told reporters.

Brazil was one of the world’s five biggest auto markets until a recent downturn and remains a major base of operations for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV, Volkswagen AG, General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal

Bolsonaro. Eliminato dalle scuole l’indottrinamento Lgbt.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-17.

2018-1-23__Bolsonaro__001

Osservate con cura. Né la vena cefalica, né la basilica, né quella cubitale mediana del braccio destro presentano segni di endovene. Questa ragazza sostiene Mr Bolsonaro: non è drogata.


«President Jair Bolsonaro is taking his anti-leftist ideological war to Brazil’s classrooms and universitie»

*

«Bolsonaro and top officials have announced plans to revise textbooks to excise references to feminism, homosexuality and violence against women»

*

«One of the goals to get Brazil out of the worst positions in international education rankings is to combat the Marxist rubbish that has spread in educational institutions»

*

«Bolsonaro said he wanted to “enter the Education Ministry with a flamethrower to remove Paulo Freire.”»

*

«The government does not have to educate anyone; it is the society that has to educate itself»

*

«After Bolsonaro took office Jan. 1, the Education Ministry dismantled its diversity department and published a new set of guidelines for textbook publishers that eliminated references to topics such as violence against women and sexism»

*

«Education Minister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez vowed in his inaugural speech to end the “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology.”»

*

«Brazil has 13 military-run schools, which are aimed at educating children of soldiers but also accept some students based on merit. The military is the most respected institution in the country and its schools have a better reputation than many public schools»

*

«the new administration’s conservative views played well with evangelicals, a powerful voter base for Bolsonaro during the campaign. Fifty-nine percent of evangelicals said they did not approve of sexual education being discussed at school.»

*

«Bolsonaro and others to decry feminism and LGBTQ+ rights that poses its beneficiaries — queer people, trans people, and women — enemies of the state»

* * * * * * * *

Quando i liberal socialisti erano al potere, hanno imposto l’indottrinamento all’omosessualità nelle scuole, reprimendo con forza ogni possibile reazione contraria. I così detti corsi di educazione sessuale erano programmi di addestramento all’omosessualità, vanta come culmine dello sviluppo umano.

Adesso i partiti che propugnavano tale ideologia hanno perso il consenso degli elettori: è sequenziale che chi sia subentrato smonti tutto ciò che avevano fatto: “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology“.

In ogni caso, questo è solo l’inizio.


AP. 2019-02-14. Brazil education overhaul aims at ousting ‘Marxist ideology’

President Jair Bolsonaro is taking his anti-leftist ideological war to Brazil’s classrooms and universities, causing angst among teachers and education officials who say the government wants to fight an enemy that doesn’t exist.

Bolsonaro and top officials have announced plans to revise textbooks to excise references to feminism, homosexuality and violence against women, say the military will take over some public schools and frequently bash Paulo Freire, one of Brazil’s most famous educators, whose ideas had worldwide influence.

“One of the goals to get Brazil out of the worst positions in international education rankings is to combat the Marxist rubbish that has spread in educational institutions,” Bolsonaro tweeted on the eve of his inauguration.

While students may not yet find many differences as they return to school this month, changes are afoot.

“We are still waiting to see how, in practice, all this is going to turn out,” said Nilton Brandao, president of one of Brazil’s largest teachers’ unions, PROIFES Federacao. “Right now, it does not make any sense.”

For the government, the ideological battle begins with the removal of Freire’s legacy in schools, which Bolsonaro and other conservatives say turns students into “political militants.”

Freire, who died in 1997, was one of the founders of critical pedagogy. Conservatives contend Freire’s method encourages students to challenge traditional values such as family and the church. A socialist, Freire was briefly imprisoned during the 1964-1985 military dictatorship that Bolsonaro has repeatedly praised.

On the campaign trail, Bolsonaro said he wanted to “enter the Education Ministry with a flamethrower to remove Paulo Freire.”

Bolsonaro and his education minster appear to be looking for inspiration in philosophers like Olavo de Carvalho, a Brazilian who lives in the U.S. and is known for his anti-globalism and anti-socialist views.

While Freire believed in the state’s mission to educate the Brazilian people, including poor rural farmers and the illiterate, de Carvalho advocates reducing the state’s role in education, favoring private or religious schools.

“The government does not have to educate anyone; it is the society that has to educate itself,” de Carvalho said last year during a talk about education on his YouTube channel. He added that proposals “based on the idea that the federal government is the great educator I am going to fight to the death.”

After Bolsonaro took office Jan. 1, the Education Ministry dismantled its diversity department and published a new set of guidelines for textbook publishers that eliminated references to topics such as violence against women and sexism.

Receiving an outpouring of criticism, officials backtracked on the revised texts, saying the new guidelines had been written by the previous administration and published by mistake. Even so, Education Minister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez vowed in his inaugural speech to end the “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology.”

Velez instead defended what he called traditional values, such as family, church, school and the nation, which he said were threatened by a “crazy globalist wave.”

“The Brazilian who travels is a cannibal. He steals things from the hotel, steals the life jacket from the plane,” said Velez in an interview with Veja magazine this week. “Our kids and teenagers must receive citizenship education, which teaches how to act according to the law and morality.”

Bolsonaro has said he would review the content of Brazil’s national high school exam to rid it of any questions on gender or LGBT movements. He made the announcement in a YouTube video after seeing a question from last year’s exam on a “secret dialect used by gays and transvestites,” called Pajuba.

The Pajuba dialect mixes Portuguese and West African languages and is mostly used in Afro-Brazilian religions but has also been adopted by the Brazilian LGBT community.

“Don’t worry, there won’t be any more questions like this,” Bolsonaro said.

After his inauguration, Velez told the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo that his office will encourage municipalities interested in letting their schools be run by the military or the police.

Brazil has 13 military-run schools, which are aimed at educating children of soldiers but also accept some students based on merit. The military is the most respected institution in the country and its schools have a better reputation than many public schools.

The military is also sometimes called in to co-run public schools and bring back order.

Last year, 39.5 million students attended a public school, while private institutions, which can cost several thousand dollars a month, served 9 million.

Opponents say the selective admission process of military schools would end up being discriminatory in impoverished areas.

In general, critics say the administration is focused on the wrong things.

Claudia Costin, director of Brazil’s Center for Excellence and Innovation in Education Policies, a think tank based in Rio de Janeiro, said efforts should focus on improving training and salaries for teachers, making the entrance exam for teachers tougher and building a common syllabus for schools across the country.

The government “complains about indoctrination at school,” Costin said. “But it is not with laws that you solve these things.”

Brazil ranked 63rd out of the 72 countries and regions in the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment, conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

According to the group, Brazil has as one of the largest shares of adults without secondary education. Schools are overcrowded, teacher salaries and low and school buildings are often crumbling.

More than 5.800 schools had no water supply in 2017, nearly 5.000 had no electricity and 8.400 had no sewage, according to government figures.

Many Brazilians don’t appear convinced by Bolsonaro’s plans.

In a poll published Jan. 8, 71 percent of those surveyed said politics should be discussed at school and 54 percent thought it was fine to discuss sexual education inside the classroom.

The poll, however, indicated that the new administration’s conservative views played well with evangelicals, a powerful voter base for Bolsonaro during the campaign. Fifty-nine percent of evangelicals said they did not approve of sexual education being discussed at school.

The Datafolha poll was based on 2,077 interviews carried out Dec. 18 and Dec. 19, with a margin of error of two percentage points.

Caua dos Santos Borges, a 15-year-old public school student in Rio de Janeiro, said that in her experience teachers rarely spoke about politics in the classroom and gender had never felt like a core area of the curriculum.

“Once, a student asked the teacher if he supported Bolsonaro, but the teacher didn’t respond and changed the subject,” dos Santos Borges said.


PrayerBox. 2019-02-14. Brasilien eliminiert Gender- und Homo-Ideologie aus den Lehrplänen

Präsident Bolsonaro will das Bildungssystem des Landes reformieren und verbessern. Dazu müsse der ‚marxistische Unsinn’ bekämpft werden, der in den Schulen des Landes verbreitet sei.

Brasilia

Der neue brasilianische Präsident Jair Bolsonaro hat bekannt gegeben, dass seine Regierung plant, Referenzen auf Homosexualität, die „Homo-Ehe“ und Gewalt gegen Frauen aus den Schulbüchern der öffentlichen Schulen zu streichen.

Schon Anfang Januar hat die neue Regierung des südamerikanischen Landes neue Richtlinien für Schulbücher beschlossen, die auf die Gender-Ideologie und Sexismus verzichtet haben. Das Ministerium hat außerdem seine „Diversitätsabteilung“
Am Abend seiner Inauguration am 1. Januar hat Bolsonaro über Twitter seine Absicht bekannt gegeben, Brasilien aus den hinteren Plätzen der Bildungsrangliste zu bringen. Dazu sei es notwendig, den „marxistischen Unsinn“ zu bekämpfen, der in den Bildungseinrichtungen verbreitet sei. Bildungsminister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez hat in seiner Antrittsrede versprochen, die „aggressive Verbreitung der Gender-Ideologie“ in den Schulen zu beenden.

Im „Program for International Student Assessment“, einer Untersuchung der OECD im Jahr 2015, erreichte Brasilien nur den 63. von 72 untersuchten Nationen und Regionen. Brasilien hat einen hohen Bevölkerungsanteil ohne sekundäre Bildung. Die Schulen sind überfüllt und oft in schlechtem Zustand und die Lehrergehälter sind niedrig.


Out. 2019-02-14. Bolsonaro Plans to Remove LGBTQ+ Content From School Curricula

The Brazilian president’s war on what he calls the “gender ideology” rages on.

*

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has promised to remove LGBTQ+ content from the South American country’s high school curriculum as part of a greater purge of what he calls “Marxist rubbish” from schools, the Associated Press reports.

Bolsonaro, whose assault on LGBTQ+ Brazilians and other marginalized groups began the day he took office Jan. 1, said that he plans to remove references to feminism, homosexuality, and violence against women from state textbooks. He also said that he plans to comb through the content of Brazil’s national high school exam after learning that a question about Pajubá, an Afro-Brazilian slang language spoken by many LGBTQ+ Brazilians, was included in last year’s exam. “There won’t be any more questions like this,” he said in a YouTube video.

The president’s education minister, Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez, has also spoken out against what he calls the “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology,” conservative rhetoric used by Bolsonaro and others to decry feminism and LGBTQ+ rights that poses its beneficiaries — queer people, trans people, and women — enemies of the state.

“We are still waiting to see how, in practice, all this is going to turn out,” said teachers’ union president Nilton Brandao. “Right now, it does not make any sense.”

Laws banning the instruction of LGBTQ+ material aren’t a uniquely Brazilian phenomenon. Seven states in the U.S. have what GLSEN calls “No Homo Promo Laws” on the books, which seek to remove any positive mention of queerness from sexual health curricula. South Dakota state lawmakers also recently introduced a bill that would ban instruction on gender dysphoria from grades kindergarten through seventh, effectively banning instruction on trans people. That bill awaits a House vote.


GayCh. 2019-02-14. BRASILIEN: Bolsonaro will LGBTI+ Themen aus Schulen verbannen

Brasiliens homophober Präsident Jair Bolsonaro führt seinen Kreuzzug gegen die LGBTI+ Community weiter fort: Diesmal hat er es auf die Jüngsten abgesehen, er will nämlich sämtliche LGBTI+ Themen aus den Schulen verbannen. Homosexualität, Gewalt gegen Frauen und Feminismus sollen in den Bildungseinrichtungen des Landes nicht mehr angesprochen werden dürfen…

Brasilien hat ohnehin ein massives Gewaltproblen, sei es gegen Frauen, aber insbesondere auch gegen die LGBTI+ Community. Die Situation dürfte sich unter dem neuen Präsidenten Jair Bolsonaro zudem noch weiter verschärfen, da er nicht nur keine Massnahmen dagegen ergreift, sondern im Gegenteil, Vorstösse lanciert um die aktuelle Lage zusätzlich zu verschärfen. Als eine der ersten Amtshandlungen an seinem ersten Tag als Präsident entfernte er kurzerhand die LGBTI+ Anliegen aus dem Ministerium für Menschenrechte, und in einer neuen Ankündigung hat er es nun auf die Jüngsten abgesehen.

Homosexualität, Feminismus und Gewalt gegen Frauen sollen künftig an den Schulen nicht mehr thematisiert werden dürfen. Diese Kapitel sollen aus den Schulbüchern verschwinden, kündigte er an, und des weiteren soll das Militär die Erlaubnis erhalten, Schulen übernehmen zu dürfen. Schon während seinem Wahlkampf hat er keinen Hehl daraus gemacht, wie er die brasilianischen Schulen umkrempeln will. Er werde mit einem Flammenwerfer ins Bildungsministerium gehen und Paulo Freire entfernen. Dieser war ein angesehener, liberaler Pädogoge und Philosoph, dessen Lehren weltweit einen grossen Einfluss auf das Bildungssystem und die Pädagogik hatten.

Der von Bolsonaro eingesetzte Bildungsminister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez machte ebenfalls nie einen Hehl aus seiner homo- und transphoben Haltung. Bereits in seiner Antrittsrede erklärte er, dass er die aggressive Gender-Ideologie abschaffen wolle.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Bolsonaro. Davos. Un discorso equilibrato ma mal recepito.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-01-22.

2019-01-15__bolsonaro__ difesa

Si può dire di tutto tranne che Herr Klaus Schwab, il fondatore del Forum, sia di natura un umile modesto:

«We are at the crossroads of history of humanity. We now have to shape the future».

Plasmatore del futuro come Ciro, Gengis Khan, Richelieu, Metternich, e compagnia.

Si direbbe che sia financo troppo riservato.

*

Ma senza l’appoggio politico dei principali capi di governo, Mr Trump, Mr Xi, Mr Putin, Mrs May e, da ultimo per quanto involontariamente, Mr Macron, rimarrebbe difficile pensare che questa Davos possa rifondare il mondo. Constatiamo come nel secolo scorso qualcuno proclamava di essere l’inizio di un’era, durata poi venti anni, ed un altro ventilava un Reich millenario, durato nei fatti tredici anni. Herr Klaus Schwab è dunque in buona compagnia.

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Il discorso di Mr Bolsonaro sembrerebbe grondare buon senso.

«President Bolsonaro said he would present a new, investment-ready Brazil to the Davos elite»

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«He told the forum he’d try to walk a line between business interests and environmental protection»

*

«Bolsonaro has promised to institute neoliberal policies, such as the privatization of most infrastructure»

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«The president did little to assuage the fears of environmentalists who worry about his ideas concerning the economic potential of the Amazon rainforest, by telling the forum that development and concern for the climate should go “hand in hand. …. One should not emphasize more than the other”»

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«He further cemented his right-wing populist bonafides by vowing that the left wing “would not prevail” in Latin America»

* * * * * * * *

Il così detto ‘clima’ è morto e sepolto.

Vorremmo però far notare un aspetto comprensibile ma significativo degli articoli che stanno comparendo sui media liberal.

Mr Macron è denominato il “presidente” e Frau Merkel la “Bundeskanzlerin”: non sono aggiunti aggettivi di sorta.

Ma quando si parla di governanti né liberal né socialisti, gli articolisit aggiungono semrpe delle aggettivazioni.

«nationalist President Jair Bolsonaro».

In questo la Bbc è maestra:

«Brazil’s new far-right President Jair Bolsonaro»

*

«But the 63-year-old’s racist, homophobic and misogynistic remarks have angered many.»

*

Bene. Pigliamo atto che per la Bbc il discorso di Mr Bolsonaro è razzista, omofobico e misogeno. Se avessero citato i passi tra virgolette sarebbe stato meglio, ma anche ad un vaglio serrato resta molto difficile trovare passi incriminabili. Sembrerebbe essere un copia – incolla.


Deutsche Welle. 2019-01-22. Brazil’s Bolsonaro inherits Davos keynote on overseas debut

President Bolsonaro said he would present a new, investment-ready Brazil to the Davos elite. He told the forum he’d try to walk a line between business interests and environmental protection.

*

Brazil’s newly sworn-in nationalist President Jair Bolsonaro was due to give the first keynote speech to the globalist audience at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland on Tuesday. Bolsonaro has promised to institute neoliberal policies, such as the privatization of most infrastructure.

The president did little to assuage the fears of environmentalists who worry about his ideas concerning the economic potential of the Amazon rainforest, by telling the forum that development and concern for the climate should go “hand in hand.” 

“One should not emphasize more than the other,” he said.

He promised to open up Brazil’s “relatively closed” economy by lowering taxes and easing regulations on foreign investment, and to seek active reforms of the World Trade Organization. He further cemented his right-wing populist bonafides by vowing that the left wing “would not prevail” in Latin America.

The only major policy initiative undertaken by Bolsonaro thus far is to pull Brazil from a UN pact meant to curb irregular migration, following in the footsteps of other populist leaders from around the world. He has also moved to relax gun regulations in violence-plagued Brazil.

Top billing in Trump and May’s absence

Bolsonaro is taking over the speech slot of US President Donald Trump, who canceled his trip to Davos to address the government shutdown at home. Bolsonaro has already taken a page out of Trump’s economic playbook by bashing China.

Trump is not the only leader who called off his visit to address problems closer to home. UK Prime Minister Theresa May and French President Emmanuel Macron have also chosen to stay away.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe are due to address the crowd on Wednesday.

The year’s meeting is overshadowed by the UK’s exit from the European Union, slowing economic growth, rising populism and the threat of catastrophic climate change.

“We are at the crossroads of history of humanity. We now have to shape the future,” forum founder Klaus Schwab said in his opening speech.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Brasile. Bolsonaro rende più facile il possesso di armi. Ira dei liberal.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-01-18.

2019-01-15__bolsonaro__ difesa

Si noti come Mr Bolsonaro usi una biro da 12 centesimi, mentre Mr Lula e Mrs Rousseff usavano costosissime penne di gran marca.


L’ideologia liberal socialista e la Weltanschauung identitaria sono opposte nei presupposti e negli enunciati.

Nel caso in oggetto, hanno differenti visioni su cosa e come debba intendersi la legittima difesa.

Alcuni ragionamenti da ambo i lati sembrerebbero essere degni di discussione ed in una parte colgono anche una porzione di verità: solo che solitamente sono riportati in modo rigido, apodittico, rendendo così difficile se non impossibile un ragionamento corretto.

Secondo i liberal socialisti, essendo lo stato a farsi carico di tutto, il problema della legittima difesa è sostanzialmente inesistente: il cittadino non può né deve surrogare l’azione pubblica. Non ha quindi diritto alcuno a difendere le proprie cose e nemmeno la propria persona. La conseguenza sequenziale è che il cittadino che viva in tale ordinamento non ha diritto né di essere armato, né di usare un’arma.

La giurisprudenza liberal ha generato anche una teoria in accordo alla quale, nel caso che lo stato permettesse con tutte le limitazioni ai cittadini di possedere un’arma, la difesa dovrebbe essere sempre proporzionata all’attacco subito.

Secondo la Weltanschauung identitaria il cittadino ha pieno diritto di difendere sé stesso e le sue cose anche usando un’arma e disconosce il concetto di ‘eccesso di legittima difesa’.

In realtà, oltre ai motivi concettuali, vi sono anche motivazioni ben più terra terra. Nei paesi ad impronta liberal è veramente difficile che un tribunale riconosca il diritto alla difesa e non la trovi, se attuata, essere sempre eccessiva.

Si faccia infine attenzione.

Il fatto che ogni accadimento sia un evento a sé stante, da valutarsi singolarmente, non autorizza minimamente a far assurgere i casi particolari a valori modali. Le eccezioni tali sono e tali devono rimanere. Il fatto che taluni usi un coltello per pugnalare il prossimo non è motivo sufficiente per proibire l’uso dei coltelli.

* * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di ragionare.

In primo luogo, ogni azione umana ha il diritto di essere esaminata da un equo tribunale che assicuri il pieno diritto di difesa e dibattito: avvocati difensori e pubblici ministeri dovrebbero avere poteri equipollenti. Se così non fosse, le leggi sarebbero applicate in via amministrativa, spesso anche acefala. Questo è possibile solo in ben pochi casi: ala constatazione da misura di gomme liscia scatta la relativa multa, così come il pedone che attraverso con il rosso è sanzionabile. Ma la differenza tra infrazione e reato è abissale, e sarebbe sempre utile tener ben distinte queste evenienze. Trattare i reati in via amministrativa p uno dei più evidenti segni delle dittature.

In secondo luogo, non esiste in natura una qualche specie animale che non sia dotata di istinto di conservazione. Sarebbe sufficiente provare a spennare ed a tirare il collo ad un tacchino. Lo stesso vale per l’essere umano, e non a caso si parla di legittima difesa.

In terzo luogo, la persona umana è sacra ed intangibile: nel momento stesso in cui le si riconosce il diritto alla vita, le si riconosce il diritto alla difesa, come dopo specificheremo meglio.

In quarto luogo, se è vero che i danni alla proprietà privata in una società ricca hanno un peso molto minore che in una povera, per cui la gravità del danno inferto varia in funzione del contesto, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare come il furto o, peggio, la rapina, sia un atto violento che la vittima subisce ingiustamente.

In quinto luogo, si dovrebbe valutare con cura la peculiarità teorica dell’evento. L’assalito, preso alla sprovvista, spesso di notte e quindi assonnato e sostanzialmente spaventato, non ha il tempo materiali e le energie fisiche e mentali per appurare la portata della minaccia, se l’assalitore sia o meno armato e, nel caso, se voglia o meno usare tale arma.  Corre un’abissale differenza tra l’oggettività del pericolo e la percezione del medesimo.

In sesto luogo, si consideri che, se l’aggressore non fosse andato ad aggredire la vittima designata, sicuramente non sarebbe stato oggetto dei risultati emergenti dall’uso della legittima difesa. Ognuno deve assumersi le proprie responsabilità. Chi andasse a cercar di scalare la parete nord del Cervino si esporrebbe alla morte per assideramento: si andasse a rapinare la gente si esporrebbe alle pistoletatte.

* * * * * * *

Molti codici penali, o giurisprudenze, assumono come reato la penetrazione indebita in un’altrui proprietà privata. Una legge per essere applicata dovrebbe avere la caratteristica di essere semplice e comprensibile anche da parte delle menti meno leste. Una proposta ragionevole potrebbe essere che all’interno dell’abitazione o dell’ufficio, negozio, posto di lavoro in genere, non si applica la figura dell’eccesso di legittima difesa, così come il diritto di ogni cittadino di essere armato, con arma da detenere in casa oppure in ufficio.

Diversa è infatti la detenzione di un’arma, ed il porto d’armi che autorizza a girare armati.

«One of Bolsonaro’s key pledges was to roll back gun-control laws»

Mr Bolsonaro è semplicemente stato di parola.

«According to a survey published last month by the Datafolha polling firm, 61 percent of Brazilians are opposed to generalized gun ownership.»

Mr Bolsonaro ha vinto le elezioni ed è diventato presidente del Brasile. Quel 61% di brasiliani avrebbe dovuto esprimersi nelle urne. La democrazia la si fa nelle urne e con le urne.


France 24. 2019-01-15. Brazil president eases gun laws with decree

Brazil’s far-right President Jair Bolsonaro on Tuesday decreed the easing of national gun laws as part of his law-and-order agenda, despite fears it could aggravate already staggering violent crime.

The executive order, signed in a live television broadcast, allows “good citizens” to more easily own firearms, said Bolsonaro.

“To guarantee the legitimate right of defense, as president I am using this weapon,” he said, indicating the pen he then used to sign the decree.

Brazil recorded nearly 64,000 homicides in 2017, making it one of the most dangerous countries in the world outside of a war zone.

According to a survey published last month by the Datafolha polling firm, 61 percent of Brazilians are opposed to generalized gun ownership.

Bolsonaro, a 63-year-old former army captain and longtime lawmaker, took office two weeks ago after being elected in October on promises to crack down on crime and corruption. On the campaign trail he often mimicked a pistol by extending the thumb and forefinger of his hand.

– Armed citizens –

One of Bolsonaro’s key pledges was to roll back gun-control laws, on the premise that armed citizens would deter criminals.

His decree makes it much easier for adults with no criminal record to buy up to four guns and keep them at home.

“I am very happy to be signing this decree, which is done so many good people, good citizens, can from this moment ensure peace inside their homes,” he said.

The decree does not extend to carrying weapons — concealed or otherwise — in public, which remains restricted to police, public or private security personnel, and the military.

What it does do is broaden the scope of who can legally possess firearms and makes them more readily available.

It notably applies to residents in areas with a homicide rate of more than 10 per 100,000 inhabitants — which means every one of Brazil’s 27 states, as Bolsonaro’s chief of staff Onyx Lorenzoni confirmed.

“This will apply to the entire country,” Lorenzoni told Globo television.

Bolsonaro said the homicide threshold gets around the “subjectivity” of a previous requirement where a prospective gun owner needed to show the “necessity” of acquiring a firearm, which was often impossible to do, Bolsonaro said.

Brazil’s overall homicide rate is 30.8 per 100,000 inhabitants, three times higher than the level that the UN classifies as endemic violence.

The country, the biggest in Latin America, has a population of 210 million.

– ‘Violence will fall’ –

Bolsonaro said the decree he signed was supported by a 2005 referendum in which 64 percent of Brazilians voted against a total ban on gun sales.

“The people decided to buy guns and ammunition and we cannot deprive those who wanted that at that time,” he said, criticizing firearm-ownership restrictions brought in under former leftwing president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, who is now in prison for corruption.

A ministerial source told AFP that the new decree took effect immediately, without needing congressional approval.

A group that monitors violence, the Forum for Public Security, echoed the concern of many in Brazil by saying Bolsonaro’s measure risks “increasing insecurity.”

It said that several studies have shown that an increase in the number of firearms in circulation correlated to a jump in the number of gun-related deaths.

But Bolsonaro does not agree. In a television interview last week, he said that, with less restrictive gun laws, “you can be sure that violence will fall.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal

Brasile. Bolsonaro dimissiona Suely Araujo, boss della protezione ambientale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-01-13.

brazil 001

«Bolsonaro, who was criticised by detractors for his many homophobic, racist and misogynist remarks».

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«Bolsonaro said now that he had taken power, his country had been “liberated from socialism and political correctness.”»

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Nelle loro geremiadi i liberal sembrerebbero essersi dimenticati del fatto che Mr Bolsonaro condivide sul ‘clima’ la stessa ed identica opinione di Mr Trump.

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«The head of Brazil’s environmental protection agency Ibama resigned on Monday after far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, in his latest attack on the agency, criticized the amount of money it spends to rent vehicles»

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«Bolsonaro suggested on Twitter there were irregularities in the agency’s budget, which included 28.7 million reais ($7.73 million) for rental vehicles of pick-up trucks used to patrol rough terrains»

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«Concerns about the Amazon have mounted since Bolsonaro’s election victory in October»

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«The rainforest is considered by many scientists to be the best natural protection against global warming, as it soaks up climate changing gases»

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Però, come al solito, il diavolo si cela nei particolari, sicuramente non sfuggiti a quanti avessero letto con attenzione testo ed allegati.

«She said the cost was for the rental of 393 four-wheel drive trucks used by Ibama’s armed agents across Brazil, and that the contract’s amount also included all fuel costs and maintenance»

L’Epa brasiliana proteggeva l’ambiente con ‘agenti armati‘.

Tralasciando il politicamente corretto, l’Epa si stava costituendo un suo personale esercito armato di tutto punto.

Difficilmente un fatto del genere potrebbe essere tollerato dalla Autorità, salvo i casi di connivenza.

Nota.

I liberal mondiali piangono sulla Foresta Amazzonica.

Una mancata deforestazione costerebbe salato al Brasile.

I liberal vogliono l’Amazzonia preservata? Benissimo!Mettano mano al portafogli ed indennizzino il Brasile,


Reuters. 2019-01-08. Head of Brazil’s environmental protection agency resigns

The head of Brazil’s environmental protection agency Ibama resigned on Monday after far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, in his latest attack on the agency, criticized the amount of money it spends to rent vehicles.

An Ibama spokeswoman said Suely Araujo, who had led the agency since 2016, resigned after Bolsonaro suggested on Twitter there were irregularities in the agency’s budget, which included 28.7 million reais ($7.73 million) for rental vehicles of pick-up trucks used to patrol rough terrains.

The Environment Ministry, which oversees Ibama, said in an emailed statement that it had been planning to replace Araujo and that a new head of Ibama would be named within days.

Bolsonaro, who has strong backing from the country’s powerful agriculture sector, has routinely attacked Ibama, which is tasked with policing the Amazon rainforest to stop deforestation, often caused by loggers, ranchers and farms, along with illegal mining.

Concerns about the Amazon have mounted since Bolsonaro’s election victory in October. The rainforest is considered by many scientists to be the best natural protection against global warming, as it soaks up climate changing gases.

Bolsonaro has toyed with yanking Brazil out of the Paris climate accord, and his strong backing of the agricultural sector has heightened concerns the destruction of the Amazon will increase, even after it hit a decade-high in the past year.

In his presidential campaign, Bolsonaro vowed to slash Ibama’s ability to hand out fines for environmental infractions, which the agency says is one of its best deterrents against the illegal destruction of the Amazon and other sensitive biomes.

On Sunday, Brazil’s new Environment Minister Ricardo Salles pointed out that Ibama was spending “nearly 30 million reais just for the renting of vehicles.”

Bolsonaro retweeted that and commented that “we’ve had a system created mainly to financially violate Brazilians without the slightest care.”

Araujo released a written statement on Sunday saying Bolsonaro and Salles had made “baseless accusations.” She said the cost was for the rental of 393 four-wheel drive trucks used by Ibama’s armed agents across Brazil, and that the contract’s amount also included all fuel costs and maintenance.

A high-ranking Ibama official told Reuters on Monday that the pressure from Bolsonaro and Salles was simply an attempt “to get rid of our ability to halt policing for those committing environmental crimes.”

“It’s an absurd factoid created to weaken Ibama,” the person said on condition of anonymity. “This contract was approved by government regulators, and it is 10 percent less than the previous contract and for more vehicles.”

The official said the contract remained valid, but that Ibama is concerned there will be attempts to cancel it, possibly leading to the crippling of the agency’s ability to patrol the Amazon and other regions.