Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Problemi militari, Unione Europea

Francia. Macron vara per la difesa un piano da 295 miliardi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-02-19.

Parigi. Arco di Trionfo, 001

I paesi dell’Unione Europea per decenni hanno eseguito investimenti minimi nel settore della difesa.

Al momento attuale i loro eserciti sono fatiscenti: organici ridotti al minimo di sopravvivenza ed armamenti in gran parte obsoleti.

La Francia di Mr Macron sembrerebbe essere stata la prima nazione europea a semtire l’esigenza di adeguare le proprie forze armate ai nuovi compiti.

«La nuova legge di programmazione militare 2019-2025 ha l’ambizione di ricucire i rapporti tra l’Armée francese e il presidente Emmanuel Macron che ora intende anche lanciare un servizio nazionale universale, obbligatorio, della durata di tre-sei mesi»

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«Seimila soldati in più, dei quali 1.500 destinati alla cybersicurezza e un budget complessivo, per l’intero periodo, portato a 295 miliardi»

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«Il bilancio annuale della difesa salirà quindi dai attuali 34,2 miliardi previsti per il 2018 a 44 miliardi nel 2023, con un incremento del 35,8% rispetto al 2017, e si porterà a 50 miliardi nel 2025»

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«Il progetto prevede l’assunzione di 6mila effettivi (3mila entro il 2023), interrompendo una tendenza alla riduzione degli occupati (-60mila tra 2005 e 2015). Circa 1.500 saranno destinati alla cyberdifesa e l’informatica, sulla quale la Francia intende moltiplicare gli sforzi, altri 1.500 all’intelligence.»

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«Sul piano più convenzionale, si prevede il varo di una nuova portaerei – la Charles de Gaulle, attiva dal 2001, è spesso ferma per riparazioni e oggi per ristrutturazioni – entro il 2025 oltre a quattro sottomarini barracuda e tre fregate multimissione. Saranno operativi 28 nuovi caccia Rafale, mentre 55 Mirage 2000 della Dassault saranno modernizzati. I nuovi aerei cisterna saranno consegnati nel 2023 e non più nel 2025»

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«Alla dissuasione nucleare saranno destinati 37 miliardi da oggi al 2025: dovrebbe essere lanciato un programma per la costruzione di sottomarini di terza generazione e un altro per un nuovo missile nucleare aerotrasportato.»

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Questo progetto militare sembrerebbe voler coprire due differenti aspetti: sia l’efficienza delle forze armate sia riportare allo stato dell’arte l’industria bellica francese.

Sono due componenti complementari e simbiotiche, da lungo tempo trascurate.


Sole 24 Ore. 2018-02-15. Francia, 300 miliardi per la difesa

Una nuova portaerei. Un maggior potere di dissuasione nucleare, per garantire l’«autonomia strategica» della Francia, senza dimenticare però la volontà di collaborare più strettamente con alcuni partner europei, tra i quali anche l’Italia. Seimila soldati in più, dei quali 1.500 destinati alla cybersicurezza e un budget complessivo, per l’intero periodo, portato a 295 miliardi. La nuova legge di programmazione militare 2019-2025 ha l’ambizione di ricucire i rapporti tra l’Armée francese e il presidente Emmanuel Macron che ora intende anche lanciare un servizio nazionale universale, obbligatorio, della durata di tre-sei mesi, che potrà anche svolgersi nelle forze armate.

Un bilancio in espansione

Il bilancio annuale della difesa salirà quindi dai attuali 34,2 miliardi previsti per il 2018 a 44 miliardi nel 2023, con un incremento del 35,8% rispetto al 2017, e si porterà a 50 miliardi nel 2025. Il progetto prevede l’assunzione di 6mila effettivi (3mila entro il 2023), interrompendo una tendenza alla riduzione degli occupati (-60mila tra 2005 e 2015). Circa 1.500 saranno destinati alla cyberdifesa e l’informatica, sulla quale la Francia intende moltiplicare gli sforzi, altri 1.500 all’intelligence. Insieme alla legge di programmazione, il consiglio dei ministri ha varato anche una nuova dottrina in questo settore: gli attacchi informatici degli altri stati, per spionaggio e sabotaggio, e la diffusione di virus sembrano essere i rischi considerati più gravi.

Al nucleare 37 miliardi

Sul piano più convenzionale, si prevede il varo di una nuova portaerei – la Charles de Gaulle, attiva dal 2001, è spesso ferma per riparazioni e oggi per ristrutturazioni – entro il 2025 oltre a quattro sottomarini barracuda e tre fregate multimissione. Saranno operativi 28 nuovi caccia Rafale, mentre 55 Mirage 2000 della Dassault saranno modernizzati. I nuovi aerei cisterna saranno consegnati nel 2023 e non più nel 2025. Sarà inoltre rilanciato il programma Scorpion per i blindati di medie dimensioni (Griffon e Jaguar). Parigi vuole inoltre lanciare nuovi satelliti artificiali per la sorveglianza esoatmosferica. Alla dissuasione nucleare saranno destinati 37 miliardi da oggi al 2025: dovrebbe essere lanciato un programma per la costruzione di sottomarini di terza generazione e un altro per un nuovo missile nucleare aerotrasportato.

Collaborazione con l’Italia

La legge – che sarà esaminata dall’Assemblée Nationale dal 12 marzo e dal Senato a maggio – non dimentica il progetto di difesa europea, che Macron aveva rilanciato a settembre nel suo discorso alla Sorbona. Viene riconfermata l’intenzione di approfondire i legami con un gruppo inizialmente ristretto di Paesi: la Germania innanzitutto, con la quale la Francia ha dato vita alla Brigata francotedesca forte di circa 6mila effettivi. Saranno però cercate «sistematicamente» opportunità di cooperazione più strette nel settore spaziale, «in particolare con italiani e tedeschi». Il nostro paese sarà coinvolto, insieme a Germania e Spagna, nel programma per il drone europeo Male (Medium Altitude Long Endurance) – sul quale dovrebbe essere coinvolta la Leonardo – e nel progetto della nave di supporto logistico (con funzioni di cisterna) Flotlog, per il quale era stata avviata una collaborazione con Fincantieri. Più in generale, il documento del ministro delle Forze armate segnala l’interesse ad approfondire le relazioni bilaterali con Italia e Spagna.

La leadership francese

È innegabile l’interesse della presidenza Macron di confermare e rafforzare la leadership, in Europa, delle forze armate francesi, presenti peraltro anche all’estero e in diversi territori d’oltremare. L’idea è quella di dare alla Francia un ruolo catalizzatore, se non organizzativo nelle coalizioni di cui fa parte attraverso la sua superiorità produttiva e tecnologica. Il settore comprende in Francia 10 grandi gruppi, 4mila imprese piccole medie e “di dimensioni intermedie” (le Eti) e 200mila lavoratori nell’indotto. Altre 27mila imprese hanno tra i loro clienti le Forze armate. Verrà quindi creato un Defence Lab , una piattaforma per sostenere le innovazioni tecnologiche, affianco al Def’invest che si occupa del consolidamento le imprese strategiche.

Ricucire i rapporti

La legge intende anche ricucire i rapporti tra il presidente e i militari. Erano iniziati decisamente male. Il 13 luglio, alla vigilia della festa nazionale, Macron aveva annunciato per il 2017 tagli alle spese per 850 milioni di euro, la maggior riduzione subita dai ministeri francesi, per rispettare il tetto del 3% per il deficit pubblico. Il capo di Stato maggiore Pierre de Villiers, al grido di «Non mi farò baiser così» (“baisier”, in francese, significare molto più che “baciare”) dette le dimissioni. Il presidente aveva però anche promesso di portare le spese militari al 2% del pil, come chiesto dalla Nato, dall’1,78% del 2017. La legge proposta dalla ministra delle Forze Armate Florence Parly ha proprio questa ambizione, anche se l’obiettivo – per rispettare i vincoli europei – viene programmato per il 2025, dopo la fine del quinquennato presidenziale.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Problemi militari, Russia

Russia. Testati i missili anti missile Prs-1M.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-02-18.

2018-02-17__prs-1m-missile-balistico-test-poligono-russia-foto2

Già il 27 novembre dello scorso anno la Russia aveva iniziato a testare sul campo il nuovo sistema missilistico PRS-1M.

Russia testa con successo missile intercettore PRS-1M

«Il Ministero della Difesa russo ha riportato che l’aeronautica russa (VKS) ha testato il nuovo missile anti-balistico PRS-1M presso il poligono di Sary-Shagan (Repubblica del Kazakhstan).

Il Colonnello Andrey Prikhodko dell’aeronautica russa ha confermato che gli obiettivi della missione sono stati raggiunti e ha aggiunto: “Il missile ha eseguito con successo le istruzioni e ha colpito un obiettivo simulato“, senza aggiungere altri dettagli.

Il PRS-1M fa parte del sistema anti-balistico A-135 e può essere lanciato sia da silos rinforzati che da veicoli TEL. Il missile è stato sviluppato da KB Motor congiunta alla OJSC Avangard.

La struttura del nuovo missile è dotata di uno scudo protettivo per alte temperature costituita di materiali compositi e il missile è equipaggiato con un motore più potente che ne aumenta la velocità di 4km/s rispetto alla vecchia versione. Inoltre sono stati effettuati vari aggiornamenti tra cui quello al sistema di guida (in grado di resistere ad accelerazioni fino a 300G).

Il missile è in grado distruggere obiettivi a 350km e ad un’altitudine massima di circa 40-50km (è possibile che verrà equipaggiato anche con testate nucleari).»

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Di questi giorni le ulteriori notizie di nuovi lanci di prova.

Analisi sulla nuova arma anti-missile russa che difenderà Mosca

«I test dei missili intercettori modernizzati PRS-1M dal poligono di tiro di Sary-Shagan si svolgono all’interno del programma di aggiornamento del sistema di difesa missilistico esistente a Mosca e nel distretto centrale industriale A-135 per aumentare le sue capacità.

Lo ha riferito a Sputnik l’esperto militare russo e membro del Consiglio civico del ministero della Difesa Igor Korotchenko.

In precedenza l’organo ufficiale del dicastero militare russo “Krasnaya Zvezda” ha riferito che nel poligono di tiro di Sary-Shagan in Kazakistan è stato testato il sistema di difesa anti-missile modernizzato. Successivamente il ministero della Difesa ha pubblicato il video del test.


“Il missile intercettore PRS-1M testato, che sostituisce i razzi 53T6 ormai a fine servizio, sono di fatto una nuova arma. Rispetto alle dimensioni e caratteristiche del precedente razzo di contraerea, il PRS-1M è dotato di un nuovo propulsore e di apparecchiature elettroniche radicalmente nuove, sono notevolmente aumentate la velocità e l’altezza d’intercettazione del missile, così come l’efficacia della distruzione di obiettivi individuali e di gruppo,” — ha detto Korochenko.


Ha ricordato che attualmente la Russia sta sviluppando contemporaneamente il nuovo sistema missilistico antiaereo di quinta generazione S-500, in grado di distruggere bersagli non solo nell’atmosfera, ma anche nello spazio vicino.»

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Grandi sono infatti le attese sul sistema S-500, cui la Russia sta lavorando da lungo tempo.

«The S-500 Prometey (Russian: C-500 Прометей, Prometheus), also known as 55R6M “Triumfator-M.”, is a Russian surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system intended to replace the A-135 missile system currently in use, and supplement the S-400. The S-500 is under development by the Almaz-Antey Air Defence Concern and with its characteristics it will be much similar to the US Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system

The S-500 is a new generation surface-to-air missile system. It is designed for intercepting and destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles as well as hypersonic cruise missiles and aircraft, for air defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control, and for jamming aircraft. With a planned range of 600 km (370 mi) for Anti Ballistic Missile (ABM) and 400 km (250 mi) for the air defense, the S-500 would be able to detect and simultaneously engage up to 10 ballistic hypersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 kilometres per second (3.1 mi/s; 18,000 km/h; 11,000 mph) to a limit of 7 km/s (4.3 mi/s; 25,000 km/h; 16,000 mph). It also aims at destroying hypersonic cruise missiles and other aerial targets at speeds of higher than Mach 5 as well as spacecraft. The altitude of a target engaged can be as high as 180–200 km (110–120 mi). It is effective against ballistic missiles with a launch range of 3,500 km (2,200 mi), the radar reaches a radius of 3,000 km (1,300 km for the EPR 0,1 square meter).

The system will be highly mobile and will have rapid deployability. Experts believe that the system’s capabilities can affect enemy intercontinental ballistic missiles at the middle and end portions of flight, but reports by Almaz-Antey say that the external target designation system (RLS Voronezh-DM and missile defense system A-135 radar Don-2N) will be capable of mid-early flight portion interceptions of enemy ballistic missiles, which is one of the final stages of the S-500 project.

In 2009, the system was under development at the design stage at Almaz-Antey and had been planned to be completed in 2012. In February 2011, it was announced that the first S-500 systems should be in serial production by 2014. Under the State Armament Programme 2020 (GPV-2020), the plan is to purchase 10 S-500 battalions for the Russian Aerospace Defense (VKO).

The main components of the S-500 will be:

– the launch vehicle 77P6, based on the BAZ-69096 10×10 truck;

– the command posts 55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 on BAZ-69092-12 6×6;

– the acquisition and battle management radar 91N6A(M), a modification of the 91N6 (Big Bird) towed by the BAZ-6403.01 8×8 tractor;

– the 96L6-TsP acquisition radar, an upgraded version of the 96L6 (Cheese Board) on BAZ-69096 10×10;

– the multimode engagement radar 76T6 on BAZ-6909-022 8×8;

– the ABM engagement radar 77T6 on BAZ-69096 10×10.» [Fonte]

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Scanso di equivoci, il fatto che in questo articolo si sia parlato di missili antimissili russi non significa minimamente che americani e cinesi non dispongano o stiano approntando sistemi di arma analoghi. Anzi, i sistemi americani THAAD sono già operativi, da qualche anno.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Problemi militari, Russia

Sukhoi 25 russo abbattuto ad Idlib.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-02-03.

Aleppo__011

Russian warplane shot down in north-west Syria

«Preliminary information suggested a portable ground-to-air missile was used to hit the plane in an area under the control of al-Qaida’s Syrian link, the ministry’s Zvezda TV reported.»

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A Russian Sukhoi-25 fighter jet has been shot down near Idlib in Saraqeb in north Syria

Russia Confirms Warplane Downed in Syria; Pilot Dies in ‘Fight’ With Rebels

Tahrir Al-Sham Claims Responsibility For Shooting Down Russian SU-25 – Reports

«According to the preliminary information, the jet was shot down from a man-portable air-defense system»

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2018-02-03__Syria__001

Quanto accaduto dovrebbe costituire materia di ampia riflessione.

Se è vero che la potenza di fuoco dei moderni cacciabombardieri è notevole, è altrettanto vero quanto essi siano vulnerabili.

Un missile terra – aria trasportabile a mano, del costo variabile tra i 30,000 ed i 100,000$, può distruggere un aereo del costo di decine di milioni.

Non solo. Mentre per costruire un Sukhoi 25 servono circa sedici mesi, quei missiletti possono essere prodotti su larga serie.

Né si venga a dire che i ribelli siano in grado di progettare e costruire un simile missile: quindi, qualcuno glielo ha fornito.


Bbc. 2018-02-03. Russian fighter jet shot down in Syria’s Idlib province

A Russian Sukhoi-25 fighter jet has been shot down in a rebel-held area in Syria’s north-western province of Idlib.

The Russian defence ministry said the pilot had ejected into an area believed to be controlled by the jihadist Hayat Tahrir al-Sham alliance.

Although he survived the crash he was killed in a ground fight, Moscow said.

Hayat Tahrir al-Sham – formerly linked to al-Qaeda – said it had shot down the plane.

The Syrian government, backed by Russian air power, launched a major offensive in December against rebel groups in Idlib.

What more do we know of the incident?

The Sukhoi-25, a close-support ground-attack aircraft, was operating over the town of Maasran in Idlib.

There had been dozens of Russian air strikes in the area over the previous 24 hours, monitoring groups said.

Video posted on social media showed the jet being hit and quickly catching fire, before spiralling to the ground.

Video from the ground showed the wreckage with red stars on the wings.

Russia’s defence ministry said: “The pilot had enough time to report that he had ejected in an area controlled by the militants”.

“During a battle with terrorists, the pilot was killed.”

Other video on social media showed a bloodied body in a uniform.

Who shot the plane down?

In a statement released on social media, the Hayat Tahrir al-Sham group claimed it had shot down the plane using a shoulder-launched surface-to-air missile.

The group said the plane had been carrying out on air raid over the nearby city of Saraqeb.

Hayat Tahrir al-Sham has operated in the region for years under a series of different names.

How are the Russians responding?

The defence ministry said it was making all possible efforts to retrieve the body.

However, social media posts also reported a salvo of cruise missiles had been fired into Idlib province from Russian navy vessels in the Mediterranean.

The Russian defence ministry confirmed only that “a series of high-precision weapons strikes has been delivered on the area”.

Is this a rare event?

Very. It could be the first time rebels have shot down a Russian fighter jet since Moscow began its Syria campaign in September 2015, although rebels did bring down a helicopter in 2016.

About 45 Russian military personnel have been confirmed dead in Syria, along with an unknown number of contractors.

Here are the air force losses:

– Dec 2017: Shelling damages several planes at the Hmeimim airbase, with two Russian servicemen killed

– Dec 2016: A Tu-164 carrying 92 people – including army musicians – crashes into the Black Sea after taking off for Syria from Sochi, killing all on board

– Aug 2016: All five people on board a helicopter are killed when it is shot down over Idlib

– Nov 2015: Turkish warplanes shoot down a Sukhoi-24. One pilot is killed, the other rescued. The incident sparks a severe deterioration of bilateral relations

What’s going on in Idlib?

It is supposed to be a “de-escalation zone”, as agreed by Turkey, Russia and Iran. But fighting escalated in November and the Syrian government launched a major offensive there in December.

Hayat Tahrir al-Sham is the main adversary.

There are 2.65 million people in north-western Syria as a whole, the UN says, and 1.16 million of them are internally displaced people (IDPs).

Is this the only fighting in north-west Syria?

No. Turkey launched an operation on 20 January called “Olive Branch” aimed at removing Kurdish militiamen from Afrin, to the north-west of the city of Aleppo.

The Turkish army said seven Turkish soldiers were killed in action on Saturday, including five who died in an attack on a tank by the Kurdish YPG (People’s Protection Units) militia.

It was heaviest Turkish death toll in one day since the operation began.

Kurds in Syria also reacted furiously to a video showing the body of a female Kurdish fighter killed in battle.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Problemi militari, Russia, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Nato. I sommergibili russi sono stati migliorati, quelli tedeschi kaputt.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-30.

2017-12-14__Sottomarini russi

«Russian submarine activity is at its highest level since the Cold War»

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«The alliance meanwhile has lost some of its anti-submarine capability»

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«Russian naval build-up threatens transport and communications links between alliance members»

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«the submarine build-up threatened logistic and communications channels between North America and Europe»

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I russi stanno lavorando duramente al rafforzamento della propria flotta sottomarina.

Russia. Varato un altro sommergibile atomico Borei.

Non è solo questione di deterrenza nucleare: la Nato si articola tra gli Stati Uniti e l’Europa, e l’Oceano Atlantico non è ostacolo di poco conto ai trasporti di truppe e materiali.

Mentre arrivano queste notizie poco rassicuranti, se ne aggiungono altre, invero sinistre.

«All of Germany’s six submarines are out of action»

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«four U-boats are being serviced in boatyards while two others are waiting for a berth»

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«Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen views the temporary loss of the underwater fleet …. isn’t happy about it »

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«this is obviously not a good situation»

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«we would hope the mission readiness was higher, but sometimes with technology the devil is in the detail»

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Alcune semplici considerazioni.

– A parte le forze armate americane, quelle europee della Nato assomigliano a quelle di Re Franceschiello. Pur spendendo ogni anno più di 350 miliardi di euro, quattro volte i russi, le forze europee sono risibili. Un esempio per tutti. Non sono disponibili più di ottocento carri armati, e tutti vetusti: sagome per il tiro al bersaglio dei russi. Non solo: gli europei hanno in linea ben diciassette tipi diversi di carri, con tutti i relativi problemi logistici.

– Gli europei potrebbero mettere in linea non più di duecentomila soldati, mentre i russi ne dispongono per impiego immediato di dieci volte tanti: il numero, diceva Nelson, annienta.

– Gli Occidentali sono abbacinati dalla tecnologia: non sono riusciti ad emergere dalla fase onirica infantile dei sogni sulle guerre stellari.

Non servono armi sofisticate: servono armi che funzionino.

Maggiore è la complessità e la sofisticazione di un’arma, maggiori sono le probabilità di malfunzionamenti e di guasti che le rendono inefficienti. Sei sommergibili su sei fuori uso dovrebbe ben insegnare qualcosa.

– Da ultimo, ma non certo per ultimo, dopo aver visto all’opera la Ministra per la Difesa tedesca Mrs Ursula von der Leyen anche la più ardente femminista si tramuterebbe in una misogina assoluta. È inutile che frigni: deve mettere le forze armate tedesche in grado di essere allo stato dell’arte.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-12-24. NATO chief warns of Russian submarine capability

Russian submarine activity is at its highest level since the Cold War, NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg has said. The alliance meanwhile has lost some of its anti-submarine capability.

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NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg warned in an interview published Saturday that a Russian naval build-up threatens transport and communications links between alliance members.

“Russia has invested massively in its navy, especially submarines,” Stoltenberg told the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sonntagszeitung, adding that Moscow has deployed 13 additional submarines since 2014.

“Russia’s submarine activity is now at its highest level since the Cold War,” he said, adding that submarines were active in the Atlantic and Mediterranean and also “near our coastlines.”

Stoltenberg suggested the submarine build-up threatened logistic and communications channels between North America and Europe.

“We are a transatlantic alliance, and we must therefore be in a position to transport troops and equipment over the Atlantic. For that we need secure and open seaways,” he said.

In this strategic environment, NATO plans to establish a new Atlantic and logistics command. The location and structure of the commands is to be determined next year.

Decline in maritime capacity

The NATO chief also warned that since the end of the Cold War the alliance has lost some of its sea capability, especially in countering submarines.

On December 14, 25 member nations of the EU also inaugurated the PESCO pact – backed by NATO – to cooperate more closely on defence projects in the wake of Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014.

A first batch of 17 projects includes a Belgian-led effort to develop submarine drones to tackle mines at sea.

Past efforts to integrate EU defence had been frustrated, first by French reluctance and later by British opposition to a “European Army.”

Abstainers from PESCO are Denmark, Malta and Britain, which plans to leave the EU bloc in 2019.

Associated Press. 2017-12-24. Germany’s entire submarine fleet is now out of action

BERLIN (AP) — All of Germany’s six submarines are out of action, and the country’s defense minister isn’t happy about it.

The Kieler Nachrichten newspaper reports that four U-boats are being serviced in boatyards while two others are waiting for a berth.

Asked how Defense Minister Ursula von der Leyen views the temporary loss of the underwater fleet, her spokesman said Friday that “this is obviously not a good situation.”

Jens Flosdorff told reporters in Berlin that “we would hope the mission readiness was higher, but sometimes with technology the devil is in the detail.”

U-boats became the pride of the German navy in World War I, when the Kaiser’s submarines dealt several heavy blows to the British navy.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Militare, Problemi militari, Senza categoria

Russia. Vozrozhdeniya. Isola desertificata della morte.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-07.

Vozrozhdeniya 001

«Translated into English, Vozrozhdeniya means “rebirth”.»

«L’isola di Vozroždenie, altresì conosciuta come isola della Rinascita (in uzbeco Tiklanish orollari; in russo Остров Возрождения; in inglese Vozrozhdeniya Island), era un’isola del lago d’Aral che, a causa del progressivo ritiro delle acque, è divenuta una penisola nel 2002 e, successivamente, un istmo. Attualmente è divisa tra il Kazakistan e l’Uzbekistan.

Fino alla Rivoluzione di ottobre portava il nome datole dal suo primo esploratore Butakov Alexei ovvero ‘Isola di Nicola I’. Data l’inaccessibilità del luogo, l’isola di Vozroždenie venne trasformata in uno dei principali laboratori sovietici per effettuare test di guerra batteriologica. Nel 1948, un ulteriore laboratorio top-secret per la produzione di armi biologiche venne stabilito qui. Dichiarazioni sulla pericolosità dell’isola vennero fatte da disertori sovietici, incluso Ken Alibek, l’ex capo del programma sulle armi biologiche dell’Unione Sovietica. Fu qui, come si riscontra in documenti successivamente desecretati, che le spore di antrace e i bacilli di peste bubbonica furono trasformati in armi e le stesse immagazzinate. Il principale insediamento nell’isola era Kantubek, oggi abbandonato, che una volta aveva una popolazione di circa 1.500 abitanti.

I membri dello staff del laboratorio abbandonarono l’isola nel tardo 1991. Molti dei contenitori che conservavano le spore ed i bacilli non furono immagazzinati o distrutti correttamente. Nel corso dei dieci anni successivi, molti degli involucri si erano deteriorati al punto da non contenere il pericolosissimo materiale in essi conservato. Dato l’incessante recedere del lago e l’inevitabile ricongiungimento dell’isola con la terraferma, c’era il timore che gli animali presenti nei dintorni potessero addentrarsi nell’impianto ed entrare in contatto con gli agenti contaminanti e disperderli nell’ambiente con gravissimo rischio di epidemie mortali.» [Fonte]

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Tutti gli stati hanno una loro Vozrozhdeniya, di cui non amano certo parlarne.

«Chillingly, there is a similar site much closer for comfort than the steppes of Central Asia: Gruinard, a small island just off the coast of the Scottish Highlands. From 1942 to 1943, just one year, it was the epicentre of the UK’s bioweapons programme. The tests involved tethering sheep in an open field or securing them in wooden frames, then exposing them to large doses of anthrax. Once it was exploded over the island, another time it was dropped from a plane.

The sheep would start dying three days later – “you can tell when an animal has died of anthrax. Just look for a bloated carcass with haemorrhaging,” says Baillie – after which their carcasses were carefully disposed of. The scientists burned the bodies and even dynamited a cliff over some to contain the contamination»

* * * * * * *

Ufficialmente le armi biologiche sarebbero bandite, le ricerche interrotte ed i depositi avrebbero dovuto essere distrutti, a mente la Biological Weapons Convenction.

L’Unoda, United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs, riporta in dettaglio tutti gli aspetti relativi alla:

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction.

*

Al momento attuale sembrerebbe che gli stati classificabili come superpotenze abbiano distrutto i propri arsenali biologici, ma non esistono certezze assolute.

Il grande problema invece consiste nel fatto che con i progressi della genetica qualsiasi laboratorio, anche supportato da personale non altamente qualificato, sarebbe in grado di produrre armi biologiche efficienti per costi infimi.

Una simile concreta possibilità potrebbe rivelarsi in drammatiche conseguenze se fosse sfruttata da gruppi terroristici.

Nessuno intende fare allarmismo, ma questa ipotesi sembrerebbe di tale portata da indurre la messa in essere di adeguate contromisure.


Bbc. 2017-09-27. The deadly germ warfare island abandoned by the Soviets.

On the Kazakh-Uzbek border, surrounded by miles of toxic desert, lies an island. Or at least, something that used to be an island.

Vozrozhdeniya was once home to a vibrant fishing village fringed by turquoise lagoons, back when the Aral Sea was the fourth-largest in the world and abundant with fish.

But after years of abuse by the Soviets, the waters have receded and the sea has turned to dust; the rivers that fed it were diverted to irrigate cotton fields. Today, a layer of salty sand, riddled with carcinogenic pesticides, is all that remains of the ancient oasis.

This is a place where the mercury regularly hits 60C (140F), where the only signs of life are the skeletons of desiccated trees and camels shading under giant, stranded boats.

Now Vozrozhdeniya has swallowed up so much of the sea that it’s swelled to 10 times its original size, and is connected to the mainland by a peninsula. But it is thanks to another Soviet project that it is one of the deadliest places on the planet.

From the 1970s, the island has been implicated in a number of sinister incidents. In 1971, a young scientist fell ill after a research vessel, the Lev Berg, strayed into a brownish haze. Days later, she was diagnosed with smallpox. Mysteriously, she had already been vaccinated against the disease. Though she recovered, the outbreak went on to infect a further nine people back in her hometown, three of whom died. One of these was her younger brother.

A year later, the corpses of two missing fishermen were found nearby, drifting in their boat. It’s thought that they had caught the plague. Not long afterwards, locals started landing whole nets of dead fish. No one knows why. Then in May 1988, 50,000 saiga antelope which had been grazing on a nearby steppe dropped dead – in the space of an hour.

The island’s secrets have endured, partly because it isn’t the kind of place where you can just turn up. Since Vozrozhdeniya was abandoned in the 1990s, there have only been a handful of expeditions. Nick Middleton, a journalist and geographer from Oxford University, filmed a documentary there back in 2005. “I was aware of what went on, so we got hold of a guy who used to work for the British military and he came to give the crew a briefing about the sorts of things we might find,” he says.

“He scared the pants off me, to be honest.”

That expert was Dave Butler, who ended up going with them. “There was a lot that could have gone wrong,” he says. As a precaution, Butler put the entire team on antibiotics, starting the week before. As a matter of necessity, they wore gas masks with hi-tech air filters, thick rubber boots and full white forensic-style suits, from the moment they arrived.

They weren’t being paranoid. Aerial photographs taken by the CIA in 1962 revealed that while other islands had piers and fish-packing huts, this one had a rifle range, barracks and parade ground. But that wasn’t even the half of it. There were also research buildings, animal pens and an open-air testing site. The island had been turned into a military base of the most dangerous kind: it was a bioweapons testing facility.

The project was a total secret, not even marked on Soviet maps, but those in the know called it Aralsk-7. Over the years the site flourished into a living nightmare, where anthrax, smallpox and the plague hung in great clouds over the land, and exotic diseases such as tularemia, brucellosis, and typhus rained down and seeped into the sandy soil. 

The island was isolated enough that it wasn’t discovered until the 19th Century, making it the perfect place to hide from the prying eyes of Western intelligence. Failing that, the surrounding sea made a convenient natural moat.

These are the factors that led to it being chosen as the final resting place for the largest anthrax stockpile in human history. Its origins remain obscure, but it’s possible that the deadly cache was manufactured at Compound 19, a facility near the Russian city of Sverdlovsk, now Yekatarinburg.

Aralsk-7 was part of a bioweapons program on an industrial scale, one that employed over 50,000 people at 52 production facilities across the Soviet empire. Anthrax was produced in huge fermenting vats, tenderly nurtured as though they were growing beer.

In 1988, nine years after an anthrax leak at Compound 19 led to the deaths of at least 105 people, the Soviets finally decided to get rid of their cache. Huge vats of anthrax spores were mixed with bleach and transported the port town of Aralsk, on the shores of the Aral Sea (now 16 miles (25km) inland), where they were loaded onto barges and transported to Vozrozhdeniya. Some 100 to 200 tonnes of anthrax slurry was hastily dumped in pits and forgotten.

Most of the time, anthrax bacteria live as spores, an inactive form with extreme survival skills. They’ll shrug off pretty much anything you care to throw at them – from baths of noxious disinfectants to being roasted for up to two minutes at 180C (356F).

When they’re buried in the ground, the spores can survive for hundreds of years. In one case, they were recovered from an archaeological dig at the ruins of a medieval hospital in Scotland – along with the several-hundred-years-old remains of the lime they tried to kill them with. 

More recently, a 12-year-old-boy died after being overcome by anthrax that had been lurking in the far north of Russia. The outbreak hospitalised 72 people from the nomadic Nenets tribe, including 41 children, and thousands of reindeer perished. It’s thought to have started when a heatwave thawed the carcass of a reindeer that was at least 75 years old.

As you might expect, the Soviets’ efforts at Vozrozhdeniya weren’t nearly enough. Years after the USSR’s collapse, in the wake of attacks in Tokyo and revelations about an extensive bioweapons programme in Iraq, fears were mounting about the prospect of terrorists or rogue governments getting their hands on any weaponised pathogens. So the US government sent teams of specialists to do some tests.

The precise location of the anthrax cache was never disclosed, but as it turns out this wasn’t a problem. The pits were so enormous, they were clearly visible in photos taken from space. Viable spores were found in several soil samples, and the US pledged $6m (£4.6m) for a project to clean the place up.

This involved a deep trench, dug next to the pits, some plastic lining and thousands of kilograms of powerful powdered bleach. All the team had to do was move several tonnes of contaminated soil into the trench – in 50C (122F) heat, while wearing full protective suits. In all, 100 local workers were hired and the project took four months to complete.

It worked. After stewing for six days with the powdered bleach, the spores were gone.

But that’s not quite the end of the story. Half a century of open-air testing has left the entire island contaminated – not just at the test site, but all over. “Oh, there will still be anthrax there, no problem,” says Les Baillie, an international expert on anthrax from Cardiff University. He spent a decade working at the UK’s former bioweapons research facility, Porton Down.

That’s not to mention the burial pits of infected animals, with up to a hundred corpses in each, or the unmarked grave of a woman who died while handling an infectious agent some decades ago. “Even when you bury an animal, you have to bury it a good couple of metres down. If the area floods the spores can float back up and earthworms in the soil can move it around,” he says.

Chillingly, there is a similar site much closer for comfort than the steppes of Central Asia: Gruinard, a small island just off the coast of the Scottish Highlands. From 1942 to 1943, just one year, it was the epicentre of the UK’s bioweapons programme. The tests involved tethering sheep in an open field or securing them in wooden frames, then exposing them to large doses of anthrax. Once it was exploded over the island, another time it was dropped from a plane.

The sheep would start dying three days later – “you can tell when an animal has died of anthrax. Just look for a bloated carcass with haemorrhaging,” says Baillie – after which their carcasses were carefully disposed of. The scientists burned the bodies and even dynamited a cliff over some to contain the contamination.

Just this single set of experiments rendered the island so contaminated, initial efforts to clean it up failed and the site was abandoned.

The only people to set foot there in half a century were scientists from Porton Down and two brothers, the Fletts, from the mainland. They rowed the 10-minute trip across the sea once a year to repaint the warning signs – and wore protective suits while doing so.

Soil samples taken in 1979 revealed that, nearly four decades later, there were still between 3,000 and 45,000 spores per gram of soil. Proposals for dealing with the “contaminated monster”, as it became known, ranged from concreting it all over, to removing the top layer of soil and dumping it in the North Atlantic.

In the end, every inch of the 1.96 sq km island was sprayed with 280 metric tonnes of formaldehyde solution mixed with seawater. It was finally declared safe in 1990. Today the island can be accessed easily by boat – though you’ll have to convince someone to take you first.

Thankfully, Vozrozhdeniya is not quite so accessible. To get there, Middleton, Butler and their team travelled across Kazakhstan to Quilandy, a nearby village on the mainland. The plan was to hire a boat to take them across the Aral Sea, and some guides. Naturally, the locals weren’t exactly falling over themselves to visit the notorious island – “They knew to stay away,” says Middleton – and in the end, they made an unlikely alliance with a gang of salvage-seekers.

The trip was delayed, as crew members were struck down by food poisoning. Hours after they were set to leave, a massive dust storm broke out, engulfing the village and the Aral Sea. “It was like the end of the world. We would have been in the middle of the storm in these rickety boats,” says Butler. “I don’t think we would have survived.”

The next day, they finally made it. The base is divided into two parts: the town of Kantubek, which was built to house scientists and their families, and the lab complex, which lies about two miles (3.2km) further south.

“Even once we got there, there was quite a way to go,” says Butler. The team had arrived from Kazakhstan, due to the difficulty of getting a visa from Uzbekistan – though this is where the base is actually located.

They traversed the island’s desert interior by moped, navigating without maps – “I think they used the Sun,” says Butler – while dressed in full biocontainment suits.

Though they knew it was dangerous, the gang had made several visits to the town before, ripping out copper pipes, removing light fixtures, gradually dismantling the town and scavenging what they could sell. “When you first see it, it looks like they’re still building it,” says Middleton.

Today Kantubek is a dilapidated ghost town, in which the signs of a once-comfortable life contrast with hints of something altogether more menacing. On the one hand, there are houses, a canteen and a couple of schools; on the other, the cracked portraits of military personnel, books by Marx and Lenin, and rusting tanks. “It’s weird because there’s this eerie sense of decay, but then there are incongruous elements, like a big war mural of a cartoon duck by a child’s playground,” he says. “There isn’t a single bird or insect – it’s totally quiet.”

The local gang was keen to get off the island as quickly as possible, so the crew didn’t have long. Soon they set off again, this time in search of the lab complex. “They took us to the front door of the place and said ‘we’ll wait outside’. They didn’t want to go in,” says Butler.

What they found at the site – officially called the Field Scientific Research Laboratory, or PNIL in Russian – was extremely disturbing. “The research buildings aren’t cleaned up at all,” says Middleton. “It just looks like they trashed the place and left.”

Vast glass tanks of hazardous substances line the walls, while the floor is covered in hundreds of thousands of smashed glass vials, pipettes and petri dishes. Discarded full-body suits, complete with alien-like masks and air hoses, are everywhere.  The whole place has the feel of a dystopian video game – partly because it is (it’s featured in a version of the first-person shooter Call of Duty). 

Here Butler stepped the safety up a notch and the team donned more complete breathing apparatus that filters the air. “Buildings tend to concentrate whatever’s there,” says Butler. In addition to stray anthrax, the team ran the gauntlet of formaldehyde, which is carcinogenic if you breathe it in.

But the sense of control didn’t last long. “We’d been in there for about 15 minutes and the canisters started to become defeated,” says Butler. When an air filter is overloaded, the first sign is usually a whiff of some noxious aroma which has snuck through. “It can happen if you get a real corrosive, industrial chemical in concentrated quantities.” 

Whatever it was, they decided to get out, fast. Butler was happy to camp overnight and visit the testing range the following day, but the others had seen enough. “For me it was quite exciting – a chance to put all the knowledge I have into practice,” says Butler. “But I suppose I’m weird like that.”

As an extra precaution, Butler took nasal swabs from every member of the team and checked them for anthrax spores. 

He had good reason to be worried. There are several ways to die from anthrax, and the gruesome details of each depend on how you were infected. There’s the gastrointestinal route, which is common in grass-eating animals such as cattle, horses, sheep and goats and still leads to human deaths in developing countries to this day. The symptoms vary, but tend to include vomiting, diarrhoea, and lesions all the way from the mouth to the intestines.

Failing that, skin contact alone is often enough; back in 19th Century Yorkshire, so-called “woolsorters disease” was an occupational hazard for people who worked in the textile industry.

But by far the most unpleasant fate is to inhale some. Once a spore makes its way into the body, first it hitches a lift to the lymph nodes. There the spores begin to hatch and multiply – eventually spilling out into the bloodstream and leading to widespread tissue damage and internal bleeding. It’s thought that the whole process can take months to complete, but in the end, at least eight out of 10 people die in the process.

“It’s probably an ideal biological weapon as is,” says Talima Pearson, a biologist from Northern Arizona University who helped to sequence the strain that caused the outbreak at Sverdlovsk. “They were probably getting it from out in the wild.”

And not all of it was ordinary anthrax. Aralsk-7 was built amidst a bioweapons arms race with the US and the UK – a perilous mission to take already-lethal pathogens and make them even more hardy, infectious and deadly. Pains were taken to ensure bacteria were resistant to antibiotics and viruses could infect even those who had been vaccinated.

To achieve this, the scientists grew up industrial quantities of pathogens collected from the wild and honed in on those with the right characteristics. “The more material, the more chances there are to find what you’re looking for,” says Baillie.

But on 10 April, 1972, the three signed a treaty agreeing to give it up. This is precisely the moment that the Soviets launched the most terrifying programme yet. This time, they would use the emerging science of molecular genetics. These bioweapons would be designed, not just cultivated.

This included a particularly nasty strain of anthrax, known to researchers as STI. For starters, it was resistant to an impressive array of antibiotics, including penicillin, rifampin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, macrolides and lincomycin. But that’s not the only reason you really, really don’t want to be infected by STI.

As if regular anthrax wasn’t bad enough, the scientists decided this natural killer needed a final flourish: toxins which can rupture red blood cells and rot human tissue. Scientists took the genes from a close relative, Bacillus cereus, and added them using the latest scientific techniques.

Anthrax naturally grows in clumps, but these can get caught up in the nostrils and don’t always lead to an infection. So the Soviets liked to grind them down using industrial machinery.  The final result is just five micrometres long – at least 30 times smaller than the width of a human hair. “That’s the perfect size to be inhaled,” says Butler.

Before the team left for the island, Butler constructed a decontamination zone on the beach – basically just an outdoor tap – and stockpiled antibacterial soap. When they returned, every member stripped down naked and scrubbed themselves clean. “We had to make sure we didn’t have any spores in the, erm, hairy parts of our bodies,” he says.

Thankfully the team’s swabs came back negative and even the salvage-seekers, who refused their offer of protective gear, escaped unscathed. For the moment, the anthrax at Vozrozhdeniya remains in the ground.

But what of the mysterious outbreaks in the 1970s and 80s? It’s now known that the Lev Berg strayed into an aerosol cloud of weaponised smallpox that had recently been exploded on the island. The incident was suppressed by the Soviet powers of the time, including KGB boss Yuri Andropov who later became Soviet premier. It’s not known exactly which strain they were infected with, but according to David Evans, a virologist at the University of Alberta, Canada, it’s likely to have been India-1967.

“We know this because this is the strain the Soviets sequenced,” says Evans. “They used a very old fashioned method which required astonishing quantities of DNA to do it, so it makes sense that they’d sequence the same one that they were weaponising.”

This was a highly virulent strain, first isolated from an Indian man who brought it to Moscow in 1967. There are two possible reasons it was able to infect those who had already been vaccinated: the vaccination didn’t work, or they were exposed to a particularly high dose.

“The Soviet vaccine was criticised, so it’s possible it just wasn’t working very well,” says Evans. “And a very high dose of anything can overcome an immunisation.” If the vaccine wasn’t working, India-1967 would have been a particularly dangerous virus to be exposed to.

So could the island still be infectious today? “Oh it would be long gone,” says Evans. The Russians recently rediscovered the victims of a smallpox epidemic in Siberia, after melting permafrost exposed their graves. Though their corpses had been frozen solid for 120 years, the scientists didn’t find any virus – just its DNA.

Evans works on the vaccine strain of the virus, which is related but only causes a localised skin infection. “Even in my lab where we store it in a -80C (-112F) freezer under ideal conditions, the virus slowly loses infectivity over time,” he says.

As for the plague, though the Soviets were working on weaponising it, the bacteria remains widespread in Central Asia to this day – in fact, the number of cases increased sharply after the USSR collapsed.  Which just leaves us with the fish and the antelope. Both remain a mystery, but the widespread pollution in the Aral Sea at the time and more recent mass antelope die-offs suggest that both had alternative causes.

Translated into English, Vozrozhdeniya means “rebirth”. Let’s hope the island’s pathogens don’t experience one any time soon.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Militare, Problemi militari, Putin, Russia, Unione Europea

Putin. Inutile incazzarsi: la canzone dice cose vere.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-25.

2017-11-23__Lo Cazr Imperatore Alessandro I entra a Parigi il 30 marzo 1814.

Lo Cazr Imperatore Alessandro I entra a Parigi il 30 marzo 1814.


«Il testo della canzone fa discutere».

Tradotto in un linguaggio come si mangia, il testo della canzone fa discutere i liberal democratici ed i socialisti ideologici, mica la gente comune che tanto se ne guarda bene dal continuare a votarli. Liberal e socialisti incominciano a vedersi in Siberia, sopra il circolo polare artico, a coltivar prezzemolo.

*

«There is no opinion of its own in the European Union

 And we are – from our northern seas to southern borders, from the Kuril islands to the Baltic shore The Samurais will never get this line of islands,

We’ll stand up and protect the amber capital,

We’ll keep our Sevastopol and Crimea for our descendants,

We’ll bring Alaska back home.»

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«Pronti ad morire in guerra per la Russia, se ce lo chiederà Vladimir Putin»

*

«l’Ue è descritta come insignificante»

*

«il presidente americano è senza potere»

*

«tra le varie belligeranti promesse c’è quella di riprendersi l’Alaska dagli Usa»

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«Vorremmo che nel mondo ci fosse la pace, cantano, ma se il comandante supremo ci chiama per l’ultima battaglia, Zio Putin, noi saremo con te»

*

«The song in the video footage shared online is seen as an opening shot in Vladimir Putin’s bid for another six years in the Kremlin – and references Japan, the Middle East and EU»

* * * * * * *

Russia. Capire un popolo per capire una nazione.

Capire la Russia. Dmitri Hvorostovsky – Katyusha.

КАТЮШA (Katyusha) – Дмитрий Хворостовский

* * * * * * *

La storia ci insegna fino a qual punto i russi se la leghino al dito quando si cerca di calpestarli.

Quando Napoleone si era illuso di piegare la Russia nel 1812 imparò la lezione sulla Beresina, poi fece il ripasso a Leipzig, ed infine i russi vinsero la battaglia di Parigi del 31 marzo 1814, e se ne entrarono nella capitale francese, mentre Napoleone se ne andava a Sant’Elena. Ebbero 18,000 tra morti e feriti in quella sola battaglia, ma alla fine vinsero, e vinsero in modo completo. Ed usarono una mano ben pesante.

Centotrenta anni dopo ci riprovarono i tedeschi. Alla fine i russi parcheggiarono i loro carri armati sulla verticale della cancelleria tedesca: subirono quasi venti milioni di morti, ma chiusero la partita.

I russi sono pazienti, ma quando si mettono in moto finiscono il loro compito in modo definitivo. Non hanno mezze misure.

*

Negli anni novanta, dopo la implosione dell’Unione sovietica l’Occidente impose severe condizioni alla Russia. Fece quello che mai un Richelieu oppure un Bismarck si sarebbe mai sognato di fare: li umiliarono.

La storia insegna che o si annienta oppure si tratta.

Chi si illudesse che i russi se ne siano dimenticati sarebbe davvero galatticamente ingenuo.

Bene.

Ora l’Unione Europea sta disgregandosi, non ha nessun esercito degno di quel nome, è debosciata nel cuore e nella mente. Rigurgita di islamici infidi e le sue donne sono in gran parte depravate.

È forse questa l’Europa per cui andare a morire?

È forse questa la donna che dovrei difendere in battaglia?

L’America fa sbudellare Mr Putin dalla esultanza.

Perché Mr Putin dovrebbe temere un esercito di malati di mente, depravati dall’uso di droga, miscela di femmine petitive che credono che la guerra sia una sfilata di moda?

Ma ci siamo dimenticati quanto è successo pochi giorni or sono?

Regno Unito. Sommergibile atomico con a bordo nove cocainomani.

Nella sala attivazione e lancio dei missili ad armamento atomico i nove addetti erano ebbri di cocaina e si scopavano le colleghe femmine, o facenti funzioni, sbalzandole/i sulla plancia dei comandi di lancio. Ed i russi dovettero avvisare gli inglese che avevano un bordello a bordo del loro sommergile nucleare: di bloccare quegli incoscienti.

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La crisi tedesca innesca inevitabilmente quella dell’Unione Europea.

Sarà un periodo di chaos ove tutto potrebbe accadere.


Aska. 2017-11-22. I cadetti-bambini di Putin cantano pronti alla guerra per lui [Video]

Il video canoro iniziativa di una deputata putiniana “di ferro”.

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Pronti ad morire in guerra per la Russia, se ce lo chiederà Vladimir Putin: la canzone ‘Zio Vova” – dove Vova è un affettuoso diminutivo per Vladimir – è una iniziativa della devota deputata putiniana Anna Kuvychko, eseguita da un coro di ragazzi che studiano nella scuola di polizia della regione di Volgograd, ovvero di quella che fu Stalingrado, città eroe che ancora oggi per i russi simboleggia la resistenza, il sacrificio e infine la vittoria sull’esercito nazista.

Il testo della canzone fa discutere – l’Ue è descritta come insignificante, il presidente americano è senza potere e tra le varie belligeranti promesse c’è quella di riprendersi l’Alaska dagli Usa – ma per il Cremlino è una semplice “dimostrazione di simpatia” nei confronti di Putin. Il messaggio dei giovanissimi cadetti è certamente gradito all’uomo forte che ha fatto del patriottismo il suo manifesto: “Vorremmo che nel mondo ci fosse la pace, cantano, ma se il comandante supremo ci chiama per l’ultima battaglia, Zio Putin, noi saremo con te”.

Mirror. 2017-11-22. “We’re ready to die for Putin” Russian child police cadets sing chilling propaganda anthem demanding return of Alaska to Kremlin

The song in the video footage shared online is seen as an opening shot in Vladimir Putin’s bid for another six years in the Kremlin – and references Japan, the Middle East and EU.

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This is the moment Russian Police cadets sang a “chilling propaganda anthem” vowing to grab back the US state of Alaska – and never surrender Crimea.

The content of the song in the video footage shared online is seen as an opening shot in Vladimir Putin ‘s bid for another six years in the Kremlin.

Sung by cadets from a military-style college against a background of World War Two monuments in Volgograd, formerly Stalingrad, it oozes patriotism and depicts a weak, divided West.

It also cheekily borrowing a clip from a Brexit rally in the UK to justify the strongman’s bid to restore Russian might.

“We want our country back”, trumpet the Vote to Leave posters, mixed here with a message that the Russian young are ready to die for “Uncle Vova”, aka Vladimir Putin – Vova being a fond version of his first name.

Putin, aged 65, has not yet declared if he will run or not for a six year term in the March 2018 presidential election, but meanwhile videos like this show the path being cleared for him to notch up another landslide 18 years after he first took the Kremlin helm.

One of his ultra-loyal MPs Anna Kuvychko sings along with the uniformed cadets with lyrics which seem to predict Donald Trump’s impeachment and write off the European Union as of no consequence.

The song – redolent of Soviet-style propaganda – makes clear there will be no concessions to Japan in the disputed Kuril Islands, several of which Tokyo claims, nor 11 time zones away to NATO over the Baltic Sea exclave of Kaliningrad, an amber-rich region bristling with Russian military firepower.

The first verse takes a swipe at America’s perceived role as a superpower seeking global hegemony with the EU painted as its supplicant:

The 21st century is here – the Earth has got weary of wars,

The population of the planet is sick and tired with hegemony.

There is no opinion of its own in the European Union,

The Middle East is groaning from troubles,

Across the ocean the president was stripped of his power.

Then comes a refrain, making clear the obedience of these cadets to Putin if he orders them into action in the ‘final battle’:

And we are – from our northern seas to southern borders, from the Kuril islands to the Baltic shore,

We wish for peace in this land, but if the main commander calls us up for the last battle –

Uncle Vova, we are with you!

The anthem goes on:

And what will be left for my generation? If we are weak, we will lose the whole country.

And our devoted friends – these are the army and navy,

And a red star of a grandfather as a memory of friendship.

Then comes the Uncle Vova refrain once more before the next verse vows:

The Samurais will never get this line of islands,

We’ll stand up and protect the amber capital,

We’ll keep our Sevastopol and Crimea for our descendants,

We’ll bring Alaska back home.

As the cadets dream of grabbing America’s largest state — sold by the Romanov tsars for $7.2 million in 1867 — they give a final stirring rendering of the refrain.

Major newspaper Moskovsky Komsomolets noted it showed “kids ready to die for Putin” and said the song – supposedly the initiative of the woman MP, an ultra-loyalist in his United Russia party – has gone viral.

The young singers are reported to be from Volgograd Police Cadet school 44, and the song comes at a time when observers note a return to pride in the military and law enforcement agencies in Russia.

Volgograd is a “hero city” for its role in pushing back the Nazis, with some two million killed in the Battle of Stalingrad as Hitler’s thrust into the USSR was reversed.

Kuvychko, who represents Volgograd, said on Facebook: “The growing generation of hero city Volgograd, who are they?

“They are thinking people, and very much loving our country – the great Russia!

“They were brought up with the help of an example given by our defenders, they clearly understand that their great-grandfathers were fighting here, on Stalingrad’s land, long ago for this blue peaceful sky.

“They are facing different challenges these days no less serious than before.

“But they will manage and they will win!”

Other comments are not so positive, with critics claiming it is “a chilling propaganda anthem” aimed at backing Putin’s bid to keep his grip on Russia.

“Don’t mix up your Motherland and Uncle Vova. Love to the big boss is not about patriotism,” said one.

“We’re right on the way to a new North Korea,” complained another.

A critic added: “It is a pure political propaganda, dragging children into politics and teaching them from early years that war is a good thing.

“And those words about taking Alaska are hardcore.

“Where are those MPs coming from?”

Pubblicato in: Problemi militari, Stati Uniti

L’America fa sbudellare Mr Putin dalla esultanza.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-17.

Putin_003__

La World Health Organization constata che in Occidente

«27% of the adult population (here defined as aged 18–65) had experienced at least one of a series of mental disorders in the past year».

Piaccia o meno il dato di riscontro è questo: un occidentale su tre è pazzo da legare. Questa così estesa patologia psichiatrica è causa efficiente delle anomalie cognitive e comportamentali riscontrabili in Occidente. Poi, ovviamente, i pazzi si considerano normali e reputano pazzi tutti gli altri.


«The Army will now allow recruits with a history of some mental health conditions to seek waivers to join the service.»

*

«The decision to open Army recruiting to those with mental health conditions comes as the service faces the challenging goal of recruiting 80,000 new soldiers through September 2018»

*

«To meet last year’s goal of 69,000, the Army accepted more recruits who fared poorly on aptitude tests, increased the number of waivers granted for marijuana use and offered hundreds of millions of dollars in bonuses»

* * *

«In fiscal year 2017, the active-duty Army recruited nearly 69,000 soldiers, and only 1.9% belonged to what is known as Category Four.»

*

«That refers to troops who score in the lowest category on military aptitude tests»

*

«In 2016, 0.6% of Army recruits came from Category Four.»

*

«The Pentagon mandates that the services accept no more than 4% of recruiting classes from Category Four. In addition, waivers for marijuana use, illegal while in uniform, jumped from 191 in 2016 to 506 in 2017.»

* * * * * * * *

Gli Stati Uniti assommano a 325 milioni di persone.

Per raggranellare 80,000 nuove reclute gli Stati Uniti devono aprire a tutti.

Femmine, drogati, persone sofferenti di severe patologie mentali quali la sindrome duale, la depressione, l’etilismo cronico: tutti abili arruolati.

Trasformare questo branco di inabili ad abili al servizio militare è operazione impossibile.

Salireste su di un aeroplano il cui pilota sia un depresso con tendenze suicide?

Vi fareste operare da un chirurgo ubriaco fradicio?

Se tutti siamo concordi che gli armamenti siano essenziali per le vittorie militari, tutti pure concordiamo, dovremmo concordare, che i militari dovrebbero essere selezionati con cura: maneggiano armi letali. Magari deboli, ma almeno sani di mente.

Dareste forse una mitragliera in mano ad un pazzo?

*

Giorni fa avevamo dovuto prendere atto di questa notizia:

Regno Unito. Sommergibile atomico con a bordo nove cocainomani.

Questi simpaticoni si drogavano nella centrale attivazione e lancio dei missili atomici.

* * * * * * * *

Mr Putin, e con lui tanti altri, se la gongolano alla grande.

Senza sparare un colpo stanno distruggendo l’esercito americano.

È stato sufficiente foraggiare a dovere i parlamentari ed i senatori liberal democratici: quattro scudi, due gitoni, delle bustine di coca fina.

Nota.

Chi nell’esercito russo presenti una malattia mentale è mandato in ospedale psichiatrico, ma chi si drogasse oppure si ubriacasse in servizio si farebbe venticinqe anni di Siberia, così, tanto da schiarisi le idee.


Usa Today. 2017-11-13. Army lifts ban on waivers for recruits with history of some mental health issues

The Army will now allow recruits with a history of some mental health conditions to seek waivers to join the service. Here’s why this is happening now.

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WASHINGTON – People with a history of “self-mutilation,” bipolar disorder, depression and drug and alcohol abuse can now seek waivers to join the Army under an unannounced policy enacted in August, according to documents obtained by USA TODAY.

The decision to open Army recruiting to those with mental health conditions comes as the service faces the challenging goal of recruiting 80,000 new soldiers through September 2018. To meet last year’s goal of 69,000, the Army accepted more recruits who fared poorly on aptitude tests, increased the number of waivers granted for marijuana use and offered hundreds of millions of dollars in bonuses.

Expanding the waivers for mental health is possible in part because the Army now has access to more medical information about each potential recruit, Lt. Col. Randy Taylor, an Army spokesman, said in a statement. The Army issued the ban on waivers in 2009 amid an epidemic of suicides among troops. 

“The decision was primarily due to the increased availability of medical records and other data which is now more readily available,” Taylor’s statement to USA TODAY said. “These records allow Army officials to better document applicant medical histories.”

But accepting recruits with those mental health conditions in their past carries risks, according to Elspeth Ritchie, a psychiatrist who retired from the Army as a colonel in 2010 and is an expert on waivers for military service. People with a history of mental health problems are more likely to have those issues resurface than those who do not, she said.

“It is a red flag,” she said. “The question is, how much of a red flag is it?”

While bipolar disorder can be kept under control with medication, self-mutilation — where people slashing their skin with sharp instruments — may signal deeper mental health issues, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Health Disorders, which is published by the American Psychiatric Association. 

If self-mutilation occurs in a military setting, Ritchie said, it could be disruptive for a unit. A soldier slashing his or her own skin could result in blood on the floor, the assumption of a suicide attempt and the potential need for medical evacuation from a war zone or other austere place.

A legacy of problems

Accepting recruits with poor qualifications can cause problems. In 2006, for example, an Iraqi girl was raped and her family killed by U.S. soldiers, one of whom required waivers for minor criminal activity and poor educational background to join the Army.

Memos and documents obtained by USA TODAY outline the hurdles that a potential recruit must clear to join the Army. 

Guidance for screening potential recruits with histories that include self-mutilation make clear that the applicant must provide “appropriate documentation” to obtain the waiver, according a September memo to commanders. Those requirements include a detailed statement from the applicant, medical records, evidence from an employer if the injury was job-related, photos submitted by the recruiter and a psychiatric evaluation and “clearance.”

Slides for military officials who screen recruits show examples of people whose arms, legs and torsos have been scarred by self-mutilation. 

“For all waivers,” one memo states, “the burden of proof is on the applicant to provide a clear and meritorious case for why a waiver should be considered.”

Taylor said many “meritorious cases” had been found of highly qualified applicants who had been disqualified because of events that had occurred when they were young children.

“With the additional data available, Army officials can now consider applicants as a whole person, allowing a series of Army leaders and medical professionals to review the case fully to assess the applicant’s physical limitations or medical conditions and their possible impact upon the applicant’s ability to complete training and finish an Army career,” Taylor said. “These waivers are not considered lightly.”

Under the right circumstances, a waiver for self-mutilation could be appropriate, Ritchie said.

“I can see a rationale that that shouldn’t be an absolute but could be a waiver,” she said.

Unknown number of waivers

The Army did not respond to a question of how many waivers, if any, have been issued since the policy was changed.

Data reported by USA TODAY in October show how the Army met its recruiting goals by accepting more marginally qualified recruits. 

In fiscal year 2017, the active-duty Army recruited nearly 69,000 soldiers, and only 1.9% belonged to what is known as Category Four. That refers to troops who score in the lowest category on military aptitude tests. In 2016, 0.6% of Army recruits came from Category Four. The Pentagon mandates that the services accept no more than 4% of recruiting classes from Category Four. In addition, waivers for marijuana use, illegal while in uniform, jumped from 191 in 2016 to 506 in 2017. Eight states have legalized recreational use of marijuana.

Recruiting generally is more challenging for the services when the economy is strong. The Army has responded by offering more bonuses to those who sign up for service. In fiscal year 2017, it paid out $424 million in bonuses, up from $284 million in 2016. In 2014, that figure was only $8.2 million. Some recruits can qualify for a bonus of $40,000.

The Army’s decision to rescind the ban for a history of mental health problems is in part a reaction to its difficulties in recruiting, Ritchie said.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Militare, Problemi militari, Senza categoria

Russia. I sistemi S-500 Prometey.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-12.

 S-400

«The S-500 Prometey (Russian: C-500 Прометей, Prometheus), also known as 55R6M “Triumfator-M.”, is a Russian surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system intended to replace the A-135 missile system currently in use, and supplement the S-400. The S-500 is under development by the Almaz-Antey Air Defence Concern and with its characteristics it will be much similar to the US Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system.

The S-500 is a new generation surface-to-air missile system. It is designed for intercepting and destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles as well as hypersonic cruise missiles and aircraft, for air defense against Airborne Early Warning and Control, and for jamming aircraft. With a planned range of 600 km (370 mi) for Anti Ballistic Missile (ABM) and 400 km (250 mi) for the air defense, the S-500 would be able to detect and simultaneously engage up to 10 ballistic hypersonic targets flying at a speed of 5 kilometres per second (3.1 mi/s; 18,000 km/h; 11,000 mph) to a limit of 7 km/s (4.3 mi/s; 25,000 km/h; 16,000 mph). It also aims at destroying hypersonic cruise missiles and other aerial targets at speeds of higher than Mach 5 as well as spacecraft. The altitude of a target engaged can be as high as 180–200 km (110–120 mi). It is effective against ballistic missiles with a launch range of 3,500 km (2,200 mi), the radar reaches a radius of 3,000 km (1,300 km for the EPR 0,1 square meter).

The main components of the S-500 will be:

–    the launch vehicle 77P6, based on the BAZ-69096 10×10 truck;

–    the command posts 55K6MA and 85Zh6-2 on BAZ-69092-12 6×6;

–    the acquisition and battle management radar 91N6A(M), a modification of the 91N6 (Big Bird) towed by the BAZ-6403.01 8×8 tractor;

–    the 96L6-TsP acquisition radar, an upgraded version of the 96L6 (Cheese Board) on BAZ-69096 10×10;

–    the multimode engagement radar 76T6 on BAZ-6909-022 8×8;

–    the ABM engagement radar 77T6 on BAZ-69096 10×10;

Response time of less than 4 seconds (S-400 less than 10)» [Fonte]

*

«The Russian military is gearing up to test the first prototypes of its next-generation S-500 Prometey air and missile defense system, which is also known as 55R6M «Triumfator-M».

The weapon is not an upgrade but the fifth (new) generation system, capable of destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles and spacecraft, hypersonic cruise missiles and airplanes at speeds of higher than Mach 5.

The S-500 is expected to be much more capable than the current S-400 Triumph.

For instance, its response time is only 3-4 seconds (for comparison, the response time of S-400 is nine to ten seconds).

The S-500 is able to detect and simultaneously attack (as well as make speeds of up to 4.3 miles per second) up to ten ballistic missile warheads out at 600 km flying at speeds of twenty-three thousand feet per second.

Prometey can engage targets at altitudes of about 125 miles, including incoming ballistic missiles in space at ranges as great as 400 miles.

Experts believe that the systems capabilities can affect enemy intercontinental ballistic missiles at the end and the middle portion.

Some sources report, that the S-500 system can detect ballistic missile at a range of 2000 km and warheads of ballistic missiles at a range of 1300 km.

It makes the system capable of defeating ballistic missiles before their warheads re-enter atmosphere.» [Strategic Culture]

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Nessuna forza militare ama parlare dei propri armamenti, specie poi di quelli innovativi.

Spesso le informazioni che trapelano sono solo quelle volutamente rilasciate, e l’esperienza insegna che dovrebbero essere prese con buon senso, anche perché sono spesso discordanti.

Per quanto riguarda il sistema S-500 una fonte riporta:

«Some sources report, that the S-500 system can detect ballistic missile at a range of 2 000 km and warheads of ballistic missiles at a range of 1 300 km. It can defeat ballistic missiles before their warheads re-enter atmosphere.» [Military Today]

Esattamente come un’altra fonte riporta che

«It has been reported that there is also an S-1000 system being developed in Russia. Possibly it is a modification of the S-500.»

*

Segnaliamo un lungo articolo di Mirko Molteni sull’argomento.

La Difesa Antibalistica Strategica Russa


Nota.

Il vero segreto militare gelosamente custodito è come facciano i russi a stare tecnologicamente allo stato dell’arte spendendo 69 miliardi Usd all’anno, circa due volte di quanto spenda l’Italia. Solo che la Russia è una potenza nucleare ed ha un esercito di quasi un milione e mezzo di effettivi, armati fino ai denti.

Gli Usa spendono 611 mld, i paesi dell’Unione Europea ne spendono 347 all’anno. L’Occidente spende 14 volte quanto stanzia la Russia, ma con risultati non confortanti.

I conti non tornano visibilmente, né si può dire che i russi spendano di più: semplicemente non avrebbero risorse sufficienti per farlo.

 


Pravda. 2017-10-24. Russia’s S-500 Prometey to nail USA’s THAAD to the wall

Russia’s Air and Space Forces are to receive state-of-the-art S-500 Prometey (“Prometheus”) anti-aircraft missile systems by 2020, Lieutenant-General Viktor Gumenny, Deputy Commander-in-Chief  of the Russian Air Force said. Russia has been developing the new system since 2011.

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The new anti-aircraft missile systems of the S-500 will have a number of advantages. The S-500 is believed to be a universal anti-aircraft long-range and high-altitude missile interception system with an enhanced missile defense capability.

According to information from open sources, the S-500 has an impact radius of 600 kilometers. The complex will be able to detect and simultaneously strike up to ten ballistic supersonic targets flying at speeds of up to seven kilometers per second. It will also be able to defeat combat blocks of hypersonic missiles. In a nutshell, the new complex will become one of the elements of counteraction to the USA’s Prompt Global Strike Concept.

According to the National Interest, the S-500 of Russia will be similar to THAAD, integrated into a “single network” with S-400, S-300VM4 (Antey-2500) and S-350 (Vityaz) systems thus forming an integrated air defense system.

Generally speaking, experts believe that the S-500 can be attributed to the first generation of systems of anti-space defense, unrivaled throughout the world.

At present, Russia’s air defenses are based on S-400 complexes. As of May of this year, the armed forces of the Russian Federation had nineteen S-400 regiments (38 divisions out of 304 launchers).

The S-400 Triumph system has gained a lot of international attention recently primarily because of Russia’s agreements to sell those systems to Turkey and Saudi Arabia.

Given the history of the development of the American THAAD system that has experienced many problems in more than ten years of tests, there are reasons to believe that it will take Russia a long time to create an effective anti-missile system, the National Interest assumed.

However, Russia has extensive experience in the development of anti-missile systems, and her present-day complexes are still top of the line, so Russia can take her time.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Problemi militari

Regno Unito. Sommergibile atomico con a bordo nove cocainomani.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-30.

Ubrianchi 001

Il commento del Kremlin è sintetico ma chiaro:

«“political schizophrenia”» [Mr Putin – Bloomberg]

Purtroppo non è lecito raccontare i fatti come si siano svolti realmente, per cui ci si dovrà accontentare della versione ufficiale.

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Andreste a dormire tranquilli se la sala operativa per attivazione e lancio di missili balistici a testata atomica multipla fosse in mano a nove cocainomani fatti come cocchi che stanno giocano con i bottoni rossi?

«Nine British servicemen have been thrown off a nuclear submarine after testing positive for drugs»

*

«the drug they had taken was cocaine»

*

«The servicemen were dismissed from duty from HMS Vigilant»

*

«The Royal Navy said it did not tolerate drugs misuse»

*

«A nuclear submarine captain has been relieved of his command after an alleged “inappropriate relationship” with a member of his crew. The Royal Navy captain is being investigated following the allegations, which involve a female member of crew.»

* * * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di parlarci chiaramente, perché qui ne va della nostra pelle.

Diamo atto a Lavrentij Pavlovič Berija di aver inventato il “pacifismo” ed il “femminismo“: due idee semplicemente geniali per indurre l’Occidente al suicidio.

I liberal democratici ed i socialisti ideologici vi si buttarono sopra come lupi famelici, e ne fecero bandiera ideologica.

Nemmeno Berija e nemmeno Stalin avrebbero però potuto prevedere gli sviluppi finali.

Dal loro punto di vista, ma anche da quello dei loro epigoni, lo sfascio morale dell’Occidente ottenuto così a buon mercato era, ed è tuttora, manna caduta dal Cielo. Un grande risultato ottenuto con il minimo sforzo.

Se basta regalare qualche bustina di coca ad un marinaio per mettere fuori combattimento una nave da guerra il rapporto prestazioni / costi è da favola.

L’Occidente si è assuefatto all’uso di sostanze inebrianti e stupefacenti, ed insorge veementemente contro quanti cerchino di bloccare codesto andazzo, come per esempio le Filippine.

Si valuti bene la penultima frase riportata. La Royal Navy non tollera l’abuso, non l’uso. Questa lessicologia la conta lunga.

Sarebbe velleitario sperare che una società così decadente possa poi dotarsi di eserciti virili. Sì: usiamo pure il tanto vilipeso termine “virile“.

In Occidente la gente si bea di una presunta superiorità tecnologica, senza tener presente che sono alla fine gli esseri umani ad impiegare la tecnologia. Ed ubrianchi o sotto l’effeto di una droga non sanno nemmeno fare i loro bisogni primari. se la fanno addosso e tanti signori: figurarsi poi gestire un sistema tecnologicamente complesso.

Con immensa soddisfazione russi e cinesi hanno assistito alla femminizzazione delle forze armate occidentali, che hanno dovuto abbassare gli standard fisici alla massa muscolare muliebre. Ed abbassare anche il grado di resistenza morale alla alterna sorte.

Ma con ancor maggiore soddisfazione Mr Putin e Mr Xi stanno assistendo all’imbruttimento delle forze armate occidentali.

Ufficialmente, a parole, vige la “no touching rule“, ma nei fatti mettere assieme, specie poi nei ristretti spazi di una nave da guerra, la miscela maschi – femmine risulta essere una mistura esplosiva. Se poi oltre alle femmine si prendono alla leggera gli alteramente senzienti ed agenti, bene, allora il “casino” è assicurato.

Russi e cinesi sono riusciti a neutralizzare gli Occidentali usando le loro stesse armi: bustine di coca e sesso sfrenato. E quante informazioni sensibili si ottengono con quattro soldi di droga!

Sulle allegre navi di Sua Maestà Britannica la Regina gli equipaggi passano il loro tempo ad amoreggiare, tra una sniffata e l’altra. Però, sia ben chiaro, mica fumano sigarette di tabacco!

*

Quando però nove imbarcati sul sommergibile atomico HMS Vigilant sono cocainomani fradici, la cosa inizia ad essere preoccupante, ma diventa estremamente pericolosa quando gli inglesi, gente notoriamente di larghe vedute, li mette nella sala di controllo per l’attivazione ed il lancio di missili balistici a testata multipla.

Quegli scotennati, nell’estasi eroica da stupefacenti, potrebbero tranquillamente scatenare un conflitto atomico.

Ed alla fine dei sughi si arriva all’epilogo.

Saranno i servizi russi a dover segnalare all’Ammiragliato inglese quanto sta accadendo sulle navi britanniche.

* * * * * * *

Quanto accaduto è di straordinaria gravità.

Non solo il fatto che membri dell’equipaggio fossero cocainomani, quanto piuttosto il clima di placida indifferenza che circondava quei nove.

Cari signori Lettori, se è vero che non potrete dir più nulla il giorno che arriverà sulla testa un missile nucleare lanciato da un cocainomane, è altrettanto vero che ve la siete voluta con il vostro permissivismo, con il vostro “femmina è bello“, e così via.

Siamo chiari: Mr Duterte fa benissimo, anzi, è fin troppo lasco.


Bbc. 2017-10-28. HMS Vigilant: Nine sailors dismissed after failing drugs tests

Nine British servicemen have been thrown off a nuclear submarine after testing positive for drugs, the Ministry of Defence has said.

The servicemen were dismissed from duty from HMS Vigilant – which carries the Trident nuclear deterrent.

The Daily Mail reported that the drug they had taken was cocaine.

The Royal Navy said it did not tolerate drugs misuse, adding: “Those found to have fallen short of our high standards face being discharged from service.”

Earlier this month, the submarine’s captain was relieved of his command after an alleged “inappropriate relationship” with a member of his crew.

The Royal Navy said at the time that an investigation was ongoing and operations were not impacted.

HMS Vigilant is one of Britain’s four Vanguard-class submarines which carry up to eight Trident missiles armed with nuclear warheads.

The submarine is based at Her Majesty’s Naval Base Clyde at Faslane in Argyll and Bute.

All Royal Navy vessels have a “no touching rule” that prohibits intimate relationships on board.


Bbc. 2017-10-02. Nuclear submarine captain relieved of command

A nuclear submarine captain has been relieved of his command after an alleged “inappropriate relationship” with a member of his crew.

The Royal Navy captain is being investigated following the allegations, which involve a female member of crew.

The BBC understands the captain of the submarine HMS Vigilant is at the centre of the investigation.

HMS Vigilant is a Vanguard class submarine based at HMNB Clyde at Faslane in Argyll and Bute.

It is one of four British submarines armed with the Trident ballistic missile system.

The Royal Navy has confirmed an investigation is ongoing but said it had not had an impact on current operations.

A ban on women serving on board submarines was only lifted in 2011.

Since then, a few dozen women have undergone specialist training to serve on board Royal Navy submarines.

All Royal Navy vessels have a “no touching rule” that prohibits intimate relationships on board, but the Navy takes a particularly harsh view when it might affect the chain of command.

In 2014, the first female captain of a Navy warship – HMS Portland – was removed from command after she was found to have breached strict rules on relations with a member of her crew.


Bbc. 2014-08-08. First female navy commander removed after affair claim

The first female commander of a major Royal Navy warship has been removed from her post following allegations of an affair with one of her officers.

*

Cdr Sarah West, 42, took charge of Type 23 frigate HMS Portland in May 2012, but left her vessel last month.

A Royal Navy spokesman said Cdr West had now been “removed from command” but gave no further details saying it was an “internal matter”.

She would be reappointed to another post, the spokesman added.

Cdr West had been on board Plymouth-based HMS Portland on a deployment since January.

Last month, the Ministry of Defence confirmed it was “aware of an allegation of a breach of the code of social conduct” on board the ship, which it said it was “treating seriously”.

The code governs personal relationships, which are not permitted if they compromise operational effectiveness.

Confirming her removal, a Royal Navy spokesman said the case was an “internal matter between the individual and her senior officers”.

“Cdr West will continue to serve in the Royal Navy and she will be reappointed to a post where her skills and experience can be used to best effect,” the spokesman added.

The spokesman said Cdr West’s second-in-command had taken over the running of HMS Portland.

When she took up her post in May 2012, Cdr West said it was “definitely the highlight of my 16 years in the Royal Navy so far”.

Cdr West, who grew up in Lincolnshire and joined the Royal Navy in 1995, previously commanded four minesweepers. There has been no confirmation that Cdr West had a relationship with a fellow officer.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Africa, Problemi militari, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Olanda. Mrs Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, Ministro della Difesa, si dimette.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-04.

Mali 001

Nessuno si scandalizza se nel corso di esercitazioni a fuoco dei militari perdono la vita: queste infatti sono di utilità quanto più rappresentano la realtà operativa.

Ma una cosa è la dolorosa constatazione di un incidente imprevisto ed imprevedibile, ed una totalmente differente la morte di soldati a causa dell’incuria governativa.

«The soldiers died when a mortar grenade exploded unexpectedly during target practice. A third was gravely injured.»

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«The Dutch Safety Board said last week that the military had been using old, defective grenades that had not been tested or stored correctly»

*

«General Tom Middendorp, the top Dutch military commander, also stepped down over the failures»

*

«The defence ministry did not follow its own procedures to check they were safe»

* * * * * * *

Non c’è scusa o ragione che tenga.

Mandare in zona operativa reparti equipaggiati con granate vecchie, difettose, non testate a dovere e conservate non allo stato dell’arte è cosa criminale, che non ammette scuse di sorta.

E, diciamolo francamente, le dimissioni sono ben poca cosa.


Bbc. 2017-10-04. Dutch minister resigns over deaths of Mali peacekeepers

The Dutch defence minister has resigned over the deaths of two soldiers during a training exercise in Mali in 2016.

*

Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert stepped down after a report denounced “serious shortcomings” by her ministry.

The soldiers died when a mortar grenade exploded unexpectedly during target practice. A third was gravely injured.

The Dutch Safety Board said last week that the military had been using old, defective grenades that had not been tested or stored correctly.

In its report, it said the shells had been bought in 2006 “with the help of the US Department of Defence amid a pressure of time”. The defence ministry did not follow its own procedures to check they were safe.

“I am politically responsible and am taking that responsibility,” Ms Hennis-Plasschaert told the lower house of parliament in The Hague on Tuesday.

She had been expected to play a key role in Prime Minister Mark Rutte’s new government.

General Tom Middendorp, the top Dutch military commander, also stepped down over the failures.

They pair had come under increasing pressure over the deaths of Kevin Roggeveld, 24, and Henry Hoving, 29, in Kidal, in north-west Mali in July last year.

The men were serving as part of the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali – described as the most dangerous in the world.

The country’s security has gradually worsened since 2013, when French forces repelled allied Islamist and Tuareg rebel fighters who held much of the north, including Timbuktu.

The UN says attacks by militant Islamists against government forces, UN peacekeepers and French troops have dramatically increased in recent months. There were 75 attacks between June and September – double the total of the previous four months. Malian troops suffered the heaviest casualties.

The UN mission in Mali (Minusma) employs more than 12,000 uniformed personnel and 1,350 civilians, at an annual cost of $1bn (£0.75bn).

The Dutch contingent is mostly involved in reconnaissance missions, police training and intelligence, according to the Netherlands defence ministry.