Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, India, Materie Prime, Russia

Algeria. È interessata ad entrare nel Club di Brics.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-09.

0000-0000__ Brics 001

È nella logica delle cose che l’Algeria confluisca nel Club dei Brics.

Questi sono un insieme di paesi emergenti, in parte già emersi, collegati da rapporti economici privi di imposizioni ideologiche, rispettosi delle altrui sovranità. È una parte di mondo libero.

L’ingresso della Algeria nel Club dei Brics assommerebbe in questo Club la maggior quota mondiale degli energetici estrattivi lasciando l’enclave liberal occidentale sostanzialmente immiserito, sempre che non scompaia.

* * * * * * *

I BRICS ci interessano come alternativa ai centri di potere tradizionali, ha dichiarato il presidente algerino Abdelmadjid Tebboune in un’intervista televisiva. Il Presidente algerino Abdelmadjid Tebboune ha suggerito che il suo Paese, il più grande esportatore di gas naturale dell’Africa, potrebbe entrare a far parte del gruppo economico dei BRICS, che comprende Russia e Cina. Il commento di Tebboune arriva dopo che il presidente russo Vladimir Putin – il cui Paese è colpito da sanzioni occidentali per l’invasione dell’Ucraina – a giugno ha invitato i leader dei BRICS a muoversi verso la formazione di un vero sistema multipolare di relazioni intergovernative.

Il gruppo BRICS comprende anche le principali economie emergenti di Brasile, India e Sudafrica. Il presidente ha aggiunto che il Paese nordafricano soddisfa buona parte dei criteri economici per entrare nel blocco. I membri dei BRICS rappresentano attualmente quasi un quarto del prodotto interno lordo mondiale.

Tebboune ha partecipato a un vertice virtuale dei BRICS alla fine di giugno, quando Putin ha invitato i leader del gruppo a cooperare di fronte alle azioni egoistiche dell’Occidente. Algeri si è astenuta quando l’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite ha approvato a maggioranza una risoluzione a marzo che chiedeva alla Russia di ritirarsi immediatamente dall’Ucraina. Anche Cina, India e Sudafrica si sono astenuti. Durante una visita in Algeria a maggio, il ministro degli Esteri russo Sergei Lavrov ha dichiarato che l’anno scorso gli scambi commerciali tra il suo Paese e l’Algeria hanno raggiunto i 3 miliardi di dollari.

* * * * * * *

«The BRICS interest us as an alternative to traditional power centres, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune said in a televised interview. Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune has suggested that his country, Africa’s largest natural gas exporter, could join the BRICS economic group that includes Russia and China. Tebboune’s comment comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin — whose country is hit with Western sanctions over its Ukraine invasion — in June called on BRICS leaders to move towards formation of a truly multipolar system of inter-government relations»

«The BRICS group also includes the major emerging economies of Brazil, India and South Africa. The president added that his North African country meets a good part of the economic criteria for joining the bloc. BRICS members currently account for nearly a quarter of the world’s gross domestic product»

«Tebboune participated in a BRICS virtual summit at the end of June, when Putin called on leaders of the group to cooperate in the face of selfish actions from the West. Algiers abstained when the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly passed a resolution in March demanding Russia immediately withdraw from Ukraine. China, India and South Africa also abstained. On a visit to Algeria in May, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said trade between his country and Algeria had reached $3 billion last year»

* * * * * * *

Algeria, Africa’s Largest Natural Gas Exporter, Talks Of Joining BRICS

“The BRICS interest us” as an alternative to traditional power centres, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune said in a televised interview.

Algiers: Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune has suggested that his country, Africa’s largest natural gas exporter, could join the BRICS economic group that includes Russia and China.

Tebboune’s comment comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin — whose country is hit with Western sanctions over its Ukraine invasion — in June called on BRICS leaders to move towards “formation of a truly multipolar system of inter-government relations”.

The BRICS group also includes the major emerging economies of Brazil, India and South Africa.

“The BRICS interest us” as an alternative to traditional power centres, Tebboune said in a televised interview late Sunday. “They constitute an economic and political force.”

He underlined that there was no need to “get ahead of things” but promised “good news”.

The president added that his North African country meets “a good part” of the economic criteria for joining the bloc.

BRICS members currently account for nearly a quarter of the world’s gross domestic product.

Tebboune participated in a BRICS virtual summit at the end of June, when Putin called on leaders of the group to cooperate in the face of “selfish actions” from the West.

Sanctions over Ukraine have pushed Putin to seek new markets and strengthen ties with countries in Africa and Asia.

Algiers abstained when the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly passed a resolution in March demanding Russia immediately withdraw from Ukraine.

China, India and South Africa also abstained.

On a visit to Algeria in May, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said trade between his country and Algeria had reached $3 billion last year.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica America Latina.

Mercosur. Nega l’accesso ad uno Zelensky che lo impetra. Intanto la Siberia lo aspetta.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-26.

Lavron e Putin che ridono 003

Nella terminologia scientifica il rilassamento di una funzione indica il suo crollo quasi istantaneo. Ma questo tipo di comportamento è riscontrabile anche in politica e nelle scienze umane.

Basti pensare a quanto è accaduto negli ultimi due mesi.

Il vanaglorioso Macron ha avuto una severa débâcle con la perdita delle elezioni per il rinnovo della Assemblea Nazionale. Senza maggiorana parlamentare Macron conta meno del due di briscola, e le opposizioni ne approfittano per togliersi i molti sassolini che avevano nelle scarpe.

Boris Johnson è stato costretto alle dimissioni dalla rivolta che si era sviluppata proprio in seno al suo partito, che lo ha cacciato via a badilate nei denti. La superbia è una gran brutta bestia.

Di questi giorni Mario Draghi ha visto liquefarsi la sua maggioranza parlamentare ed anche lui è stato costretto a dimettersi, mentre il presidente Mattarella, obtorto collo, ha dovuto indire nuove elezioni politiche anticipate.

Caratteristica politica comune la fede nella dottrina liberal e l’essere andati di persona a sostenere a Kiev il presidente pro tempore Zelensky.

Questi, avvezzo ad un appoggio incondizionato da parte dei liberal occidentali, fu invitato con grandi onori a parlare in sedi di potere apicale quali, per esempio, le Nazioni Unite.

Già.

Ma adesso Macron, Johnson e Draghi non esistono più e Joe Biden ha i suoi grattacapi con una inflazione stroboscopica e midterm alle porte. Ancora tre mesi, e Biden farà la fine di Macron, sempre che Embolo non accorci i tempi.

Da ultimo

«South America’s Mercosur trade bloc has declined a request by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to address its upcoming summit».

Serve solo avere ancora un pochino di pazienza.

Mr Putin e Mr Lavrov intanto si sganasciano dal ridere.

«despite international sanctions against Moscow».

I liberal sono di coccio. Il mondo libero se ne infischia delle loro sanzioni.

* * * * * * *

Il blocco commerciale sudamericano Mercosur ha rifiutato la richiesta del presidente ucraino Volodymyr Zelensky di intervenire al suo prossimo vertice, ha dichiarato mercoledì il Paraguay, paese ospitante.

I membri del blocco Argentina, Brasile, Uruguay e Paraguay non sono riusciti a trovare un accordo sulla richiesta di Zejlensky, presentata al Paese ospitante la scorsa settimana.

Zelensky si è rivolto a diversi parlamenti nazionali e a forum regionali e internazionali dopo l’invasione del suo Paese da parte della Russia a febbraio.

Il leader ucraino ha parlato con il presidente del Paraguay Mario Abdo Benitez la scorsa settimana, chiedendo di poter intervenire a un vertice del Mercosur.

Il mese scorso, Bolsonaro ha dichiarato di aver ricevuto da Putin la garanzia che la Russia continuerà a fornire al gigante agricolo sudamericano i fertilizzanti di cui ha bisogno.

La settimana scorsa, il Brasile ha dichiarato che avrebbe acquistato quanto più gasolio possibile dalla Russia, nonostante le sanzioni internazionali contro Mosca.

Creato nel 1991, il Mercosur rappresenta un mercato di circa 300 milioni di persone, con un territorio di quasi 5,8 milioni di miglia quadrate (14,8 milioni di chilometri quadrati).

I ministri hanno anche concordato di ridurre del 10% la tariffa esterna comune (AEC) su una serie di prodotti importati, una richiesta chiave del Brasile.

Non è ufficialmente all’ordine del giorno della riunione il piano dell’Uruguay di negoziare unilateralmente un accordo di libero scambio con la Cina.

* * * * * * *

«South America’s Mercosur trade bloc has declined a request by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to address its upcoming summit, host Paraguay said on Wednesday»

«Bloc members Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay failed to reach an agreement on Zelensky’s request, made to the host country last week»

«Zelensky has addressed several national parliaments as well as regional and international forums since Russia’s invasion of his country in February»

«The Ukrainian leader spoke to Paraguay’s President Mario Abdo Benitez last week, asking to be allowed to address a Mercosur summit»

«Last month, Bolsonaro said he had received assurances from Putin that Russia would continue to deliver much-needed fertilizer to the South American agricultural giant»

«Last week, Brazil said it would buy as much diesel from Russia as it could, despite international sanctions against Moscow»

«Created in 1991, Mercosur represents a market of some 300 million people, with a territory of almost 5.8 million square miles (14.8 million square kilometers)»

«The ministers also agreed to reduce by 10 percent the Common External Tariff (AEC) on a range of imported products — a key demand of Brazil»

«Not officially on the agenda for the meeting is Uruguay’s plan to unilaterally negotiate a free trade agreement with China»

* * * * * * *

Mercosur Declines Zelenskiy Request to Address Bloc’s Summit

South America’s Mercosur trade bloc has declined a request by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky to address its upcoming summit, host Paraguay said on Wednesday.

Bloc members Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay failed to reach an agreement on Zelensky’s request, made to the host country last week, according to deputy foreign minister Raul Cano, who declined to say which states were against it.

Zelensky has addressed several national parliaments as well as regional and international forums since Russia’s invasion of his country in February, including NATO, the G7, the World Economic Forum, the United Nations and even the Cannes Film Festival.

The Ukrainian leader spoke to Paraguay’s President Mario Abdo Benitez last week, asking to be allowed to address a Mercosur summit to be held on Thursday, following a ministerial meeting on Wednesday.

“There was no consensus,” said Cano, adding the decision had been communicated to Kyiv.

Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro, whose presence at the summit has not been confirmed, has said his country would remain “neutral” over Russia’s war on Ukraine.

He had travelled to Moscow for talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin in February, just days before the invasion.

                         Deal with Singapore

Last month, Bolsonaro said he had received assurances from Putin that Russia would continue to deliver much-needed fertilizer to the South American agricultural giant.

Last week, Brazil said it would buy as much diesel from Russia as it could, despite international sanctions against Moscow.

Argentina’s Alberto Fernandez was also in Moscow in early February. On the day of the start of the invasion on February 24, Fernandez urged “all parties” in a tweet “not to use military force.”

“We call on the Russian Federation to put an end to the actions taken and for all parties involved to return to the dialogue table,” he said at the time.

Brazil and Argentina did not sign a February 25 Organization of American States (OAS) resolution condemning the war, while Uruguay and Paraguay did.

Mercosur announced Wednesday that it had concluded a free trade agreement with Singapore.

Mercosur exports to Singapore in 2021 amounted to $5.9 billion, and imports $1.2 billion, according to data provided by the four-member bloc.

Created in 1991, Mercosur represents a market of some 300 million people, with a territory of almost 5.8 million square miles (14.8 million square kilometers).

The deal could mean additional exports of about $500 million per year to Singapore, a country of about six million people, said Paraguay’s deputy economy minister Ivan Haas.

The ministers also agreed to reduce by 10 percent the Common External Tariff (AEC) on a range of imported products — a key demand of Brazil.

The bloc imposes common tariffs on imports from abroad, and Argentina — for whom Brazil is a major tariff-free market — has opposed a reduction of the AEC.

“It is a historic decision, an essential decision… particularly at a time of economic crisis and international inflation,” according to Brazilian Foreign Minister Carlos Franca, who said it would boost competitiveness and regional production.

Not officially on the agenda for the meeting is Uruguay’s plan to unilaterally negotiate a free trade agreement with China.

Mercosur introduced a rule in 2000 under which it is compulsory to jointly negotiate common trade deals with third parties.

Argentina is opposed to Uruguay’s proposal.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Brics. Si espandono ad Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia. Club energetico maggiore al mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-18.

0000-0000__ Brics 001

Il gruppo Brics ha ricevuto richieste di adesione da parte di Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia.

Si formerebbe in questa maniera un gruppo coordinato che insieme ai già membri Brasile, Cina, India, Russia e Sud Africa governerebbe quasi il settanta per cento delle risorse petrolifere ed energetiche mondiali e di gran parte delle materie prime.

Non solo.

Questo gruppo di dieci stati sovrani ma economicamente coordinati dispone di un Pil Ppp di 60,453.574 miliardi, contro quello americano di 25,346.805 miliardi e quello europeo do 23,730.275 miliardi.

In altri termini, i Brics sono diventati la potenza egemone mondiale. L’occidente ha ancora grandi risorse, ma è afflitto da una inflazione devastante, aggravata dal peso di immani debiti pubblici, non più a lungo sostenibili.

Ma questo non è tutto.

Il Club dei Brics è soprattutto un blocco economico nel cui ambito si rispetta in modo paritetico la sovranità nazionale altrui, senza interferenza alcuna negli altrui affari interni.

Questa è la carta vincente e rende ragione del fatto che molti altri stati sovrani stanno valutando se chiedere di essere ammessi nel Club.

L’enclave liberal occidentale sta devolvendo dissolvendosi: ci vorrà ancora qualche tempo, ma il destino è segnato. E proprio in un momento così delicato i governi occidentali sono traballanti, paralizzati, ed incapaci di prendere decisione operazionale alcuna.

* * * * * * *


BRICS expects Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey to join group soon

The president of the BRICS International Forum expects Turkey, Egypt and Saudi Arabia to join the group “very soon”. In an interview with Russia’s Izvestia, Purnima Anand said that China, Russia and India discussed this issue during the 14th BRICS Summit, which was held online last month.

“All these countries have shown an interest in joining and are preparing to apply for membership. I think this is a good step, because expansion is always perceived positively; this will clearly increase the influence of BRICS in the world,” explained Anand. “I hope that the accession of countries to BRICS will happen very quickly, because now all representatives of the core of the association are interested in expanding the organisation, so it will be very soon.”

She stressed that the accession of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey may not take place at the same time.

Earlier, Li Kexin, Director-General of the Department of International Economic Affairs of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said that several countries were “knocking on the doors” of the organisation, including Indonesia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Argentina.

The BRICS forum is a political organisation that began negotiations for its formation in 2006 and held its first summit in 2009. Its members were the countries with emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, and China, operating under the name BRIC, before South Africa joined the organisation in 2010, making it BRICS.

The organisation’s countries are characterised as being among the industrialised developing countries with large and emerging economies. Half of the world’s population lives in these five countries, and their combined gross domestic product is equivalent to that of the US ($13.6 trillion). Their total foreign exchange reserves are $4 trillion.

In 2017, during the BRICS summit in Xiamen, China, there was talk of the BRICS expansion plan, whereby new countries are added to the BRICS group as permanent guests or participants in the dialogue.

* * * * * * *


The Rise of BRICS: The economic giant that is taking on the West

The G7 summit in Elmau, Germany, June 26-28, and the NATO summit in Madrid, Spain, two days later, were practically useless in terms of providing actual solutions to ongoing global crises – the war in Ukraine, the looming famines, climate change and more. But the two events were important, nonetheless, as they provide a stark example of the impotence of the West, amid the rapidly changing global dynamics.

As was the case since the start of the Russia-Ukraine war, the West attempted to display unity, though it has become repeatedly obvious that no such unity exists. While France, Germany and Italy are paying a heavy price for the energy crisis resulting from the war, Britain’s Boris Johnson is adding fuel to the fire in the hope of making his country relevant on the global stage following the humiliation of Brexit. Meanwhile, the Biden Administration is exploiting the war to restore Washington’s credibility and leadership over NATO – especially following the disastrous term of Donald Trump, which nearly broke up the historic alliance.

Even the fact that several African countries are becoming vulnerable to famines  – as a result of the disruption of food supplies originating from the Black Sea and the subsequent rising prices – did not seem to perturb the leaders of some of the richest countries in the world. They still insist on not interfering in the global food market, though the skyrocketing prices have already pushed tens of millions of people below the poverty line.

Though the West had little reserve of credibility to begin with, Western leaders’ current obsession with maintaining thousands of sanctions on Russia, further NATO expansion, dumping yet more ‘lethal weapons’ in Ukraine and sustaining their global hegemony at any cost, have all pushed their credibility standing to a new low.

From the start of the Ukraine war, the West championed the same ‘moral’ dilemma as that raised by George W. Bush at the start of his so-called ‘war on terror’. “You are either with us or with the terrorist,” he declared in September 2001. But the ongoing Russia-NATO conflict cannot be reduced to simple and self-serving cliches. One can, indeed, want an end to the war, and still oppose US-western unilateralism. The reason that American diktats worked in the past, however, is that, unlike the current geopolitical atmosphere, a few dared oppose Washington’s policies.

Times have changed. Russia, China, India, along with many other countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and South America are navigating all available spaces to counter the suffocating western dominance. These countries have made it clear that they will not take part in isolating Russia in the service of NATO’s expansionist agenda. To the contrary, they have taken many steps to develop alternatives to the west-dominated global economy, and particularly to the US dollar which, for five decades, has served the role of a commodity, not a currency, per se. The latter has been Washington’s most effective weapon, associated with many US-orchestrated crises, sanctions and, as in the case of Iraq and Venezuela, among others, mass hunger.

China and others understand that the current conflict is not about Ukraine vs Russia, but about something far more consequential. If Washington and Europe emerge victorious, and if Moscow is pushed back behind the proverbial ‘iron curtain,’ Beijing would have no other options but to make painful concessions to the re-emerging west. This, in turn, would place a cap on China’s global economic growth, and would weaken its case regarding the One China policy.

China is not wrong. Almost immediately following NATO’s limitless military support of Ukraine and the subsequent economic war on Russia, Washington and its allies began threatening China over Taiwan. Many provocative statements, along with military maneuvers and high-level visits by US politicians to Taipei, were meant to underscore US dominance in the Pacific.

Two main reasons drove the West to further invest in the current confrontational approach against China, at a time where, arguably, it would have been more beneficial to exercise a degree of diplomacy and compromise. First, the West’s fear that Beijing could misinterpret its action as weakness and a form of appeasement; and, second, because the West’s historic relationship with China has always been predicated on intimidation, if not outright humiliation. From the Portuguese occupation of Macau in the 16th century, to the British Opium Wars of the mid-19th century, to Trump’s trade war on China, the West has always viewed China as a subject, not a partner.

This is precisely why Beijing did not join the chorus of western condemnations of Russia. Though the actual war in Ukraine is of no direct benefit to China, the geopolitical outcomes of the war could be critical to the future of China as a global power.

While NATO remains insistent on expansion so as to illustrate its durability and unity, it is the alternative world order led by Russia and China that is worthy of serious attention. According to the German Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Beijing and Moscow are working to further develop the BRICS club of major emerging economies to serve as a counterweight to the G7. The German paper is correct. BRICS’ latest summit on June 23 was designed as a message to the G7 that the West is no longer in the driving seat, and that Russia, China and the Global South are preparing for a long fight against Western dominance.

In his speech at the BRICS summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed the creation of an “international reserve currency based on the basket of currencies of our countries”. The fact that the ruble alone has managed to survive, in fact flourish, under recent Western sanctions, gives hope that BRICS currencies combined can manage to eventually sideline the US dollar as the world dominant currency.

Reportedly, it was Chinese President Xi Jinping who requested that the date of the BRICS summit be changed from 4 July  to 23 June, so that it would not appear to be a response to the G7 summit in Germany. This further underscores how the BRICS are beginning to see themselves as a direct competitor to the G7. The fact that Argentina and Iran are applying for BRICS membership also illustrates that the economic alliance is morphing into a political, in fact geopolitical, entity.

The global fight ahead is perhaps the most consequential since World War II. While NATO will continue to fight for relevance, Russia, China, and others will invest in various economic, political and even military infrastructures, in the hope of creating a permanent and sustainable counterbalance to Western dominance. The outcome of this conflict is likely to shape the future of humanity.

* * * * * * *


BRICS expands to build multipolar world: Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey to join in
Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey want to join the BRICS, Purnima Anand, President of the BRICS International Forum said, Izvestia reports.

The decision was discussed by Russia, China and India during the 14th BRICS Summit, she added.

“All of these countries have shown their interest in joining and are preparing to apply for membership. I think this is a good step, since expansion is always perceived positively, this will clearly increase the influence of the BRICS around the world,” Purnima Anand said in a statement.

The process to accept new members should not take long, Anand said, as the countries are already in the process of joining the group. However, the states will enter the BRICS gradually, one by one. Discussions on Iran, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey can be expected at the next summit in South Africa in 2023.

A high-ranking source told the publication that Saudi Arabia’s membership was reviewed during the visit of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to Riyadh on June 1-2. Moscow supported the government’s initiative. A diplomatic solution is currently being sought.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the leadership of the BRICS countries was in demand to build the multipolar world. One may also count on the assistance of African, Asian and Latin American countries that pursue an independent policy, he added.

Pavel Knyazev, Russia’s sous-sherpa at BRICS, confirmed that it was decided to start discussing the expansion of the group.

“At the last summit, a decision was made to start discussing modalities, principles and criteria for the expansion process. Once consensus is reached on these issues, all members of the five will have to decide when to start discussing potential candidates,” Knyazev said. Moscow welcomes the interest of all states in joining the BRICS, he added.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the process to prepare for the expansion of the BRICS association had been launched.

“Of course, both Argentina and Iran are worthy and respected candidates, just like a number of other countries that appear in discussions,” Lavrov said.

On June 27, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh announced that the authorities of the republic had applied for BRICS membership. Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova confirmed that Iran and Argentina intend to become members of the group.

BRICS is the acronym coined to associate five major emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on world affairs. Since 2009, the governments of the BRICS states have met annually at formal summits.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Diplomazia, India, Russia

G20 di Bali. I ministri di Cina, India, Brasile, Turchia, Argentina e Indonesia hanno ascoltato Mr Lavrov con deferenza.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-15.

Gatto nero

«They were saying that Nato isolated Russia, it was his party that isolated Boris Johnson»

«Dicevano che la Nato aveva isolato la Russia, è stato il suo partito a isolare Boris Johnson»

* * *

Quando Mr Lavrov ha preso la parola hanno abbandonato l’aula i rappresentanti di una Francia il cui presidente conta nulla, della Spagna che vive nel’incubo delle prossime elezioni venture, della Germania terrorizzata dalla prossima chiusura del gas russo, degli Stati Uniti sull’orlo del collasso economico.

Si è allontanato il club dei derelitti perdenti.

I rappresentanti del mondo libero sono tutti rimasti.

I media liberal occidentali godono della grande caratteristica che è vero l’esatto contrario di quanto essi affermano.

* * * * * * *

Lavrov è un paria all’evento del G-20, ma solo per alcuni.

Il ministro degli Esteri russo Sergey Lavrov ha partecipato venerdì (8 luglio) a Bali a una riunione dei ministri delle Finanze del Gruppo dei 20 Paesi industrializzati, nonostante lo status di paria del suo Paese in Europa.

Il Segretario di Stato Antony Blinken ha rifiutato di incontrare Lavrov, così come molti altri ministri degli Esteri occidentali.

Ma in un riflesso del motivo per cui la Russia continua a fare affari con il mondo esterno e a finanziare la sua implacabile macchina da guerra, Lavrov si è seduto con diversi ministri di nazioni che hanno rifiutato di unirsi alla coalizione guidata dall’Occidente contro il suo Paese.

Tra loro c’erano diplomatici di Cina, India, Brasile, Turchia, Argentina e Indonesia.

L’incontro si è concluso senza un tradizionale comunicato congiunto che esprimesse obiettivi condivisi.

Le attività di Lavrov sono state una delle numerose e drammatiche trame di un incontro del G-20, su cui hanno pesato anche l’annuncio del primo ministro britannico Boris Johnson, giovedì, di volersi dimettere e l’assassinio, venerdì, dell’ex primo ministro giapponese, Shinzo Abe.

Lavrov ha anche colto l’occasione per denigrare Johnson, un giorno dopo aver detto che si sarebbe fatto da parte per un nuovo leader. Johnson aveva guidato una delle risposte più aggressive dell’Occidente all’invasione della Russia, sostenendo con forza il governo dell’Ucraina.

Dicevano che la Nato aveva isolato la Russia, è stato il suo partito a isolare Boris Johnson.

Sebbene la presa in giro di Johnson e dell’Occidente da parte di Lavrov non sia stata condivisa da altri partecipanti, era chiaro che le opinioni americane ed europee nei confronti della Russia e dell’Ucraina non rappresentavano un consenso tra i ministri presenti a Bali.

Mentre a Lavrov potrebbe essere impedito di viaggiare negli Stati Uniti e nell’Unione Europea, si è mosso liberamente nell’hotel di lusso che ha ospitato l’incontro di Bali, apertosi giovedì.

Il ministro degli Esteri indiano Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, che è stato visto passeggiare e chiacchierare con Lavrov nella hall dell’hotel, ha dichiarato su Twitter che lui e Lavrov hanno “scambiato opinioni” su questioni che includono “il conflitto in Ucraina” e l’Afghanistan.

L’India ha relazioni amichevoli con Mosca, da sempre patrocinatore e fonte di vendita di armi. Ha anche aiutato la Russia a resistere alle sanzioni aumentando gli acquisti di petrolio russo, approfittando di uno sconto significativo offerto da Mosca.

* * * * * * *


«Lavrov is pariah at G-20 event, but only for some»

«Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attended a meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Bali on Friday (July 8), despite his country’s pariah status in Europe»

«Secretary of State Antony Blinken declined to meet with Lavrov, as did several other Western foreign ministers»

«But in a reflection of why Russia remains able to do business with the outside world and fund its relentless war machine, Lavrov sat down with several ministers from nations that have declined to join the Western-led coalition against his country»

«They included diplomats from China, India, Brazil, Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia»

«The gathering concluded without a traditional joint communiqué expressing shared goals»

«Lavrov’s activities were one of several dramatic plotlines at a G-20 gathering also shadowed by the announcement of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday that he plans to resign and the Friday assassination of Japan’s former prime minister, Shinzo Abe»

«Lavrov also took an opportunity to disparage Johnson a day after he said he would step aside for a new leader. Johnson had led one the West’s most aggressive responses toward Russia’s invasion, strongly supporting Ukraine’s government»

«They were saying that Nato isolated Russia, it was his party that isolated Boris Johnson»

«While Lavrov’s mockery of Johnson and the West was not seconded by other attendees, it was clear that American and European views towards Russia and Ukraine did not represent a consensus among the ministers in Bali»

«While Lavrov may be barred from travel to the United States and the European Union, he moved freely through the luxury hotel that hosted the Bali gathering, which opened on Thursday»

«India’s Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar who was seen strolling and chatting with Lavrov through the hotel lobby, said on Twitter that he and Lavrov had “exchanged views” on matters including “the Ukraine conflict” and Afghanistan»

«India has friendly relations with Moscow, a longtime patron and source of arms sales. It has also helped Russia weather sanctions by increasing its purchases of Russian oil, taking advantage of a significant discount offered by Moscow»

* * * * * * *


Russia’s Lavrov is pariah at G-20 event, but only for some

Nusa Dua, Indonesia (Nytimes) – He was shunned by many, though by no means all.

Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attended a meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Bali on Friday (July 8), despite his country’s pariah status in Europe and elsewhere over its brutal war in Ukraine.

His country’s invasion of its neighbour drove two central topics of discussion at the annual event: global disruptions of food and energy supplies.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken declined to meet with Lavrov, as did several other Western foreign ministers. So many attendees refused to pose with Moscow’s top diplomat that a customary group photograph was cancelled.

But in a reflection of why Russia remains able to do business with the outside world and fund its relentless war machine, Lavrov sat down with several ministers from nations that have declined to join the Western-led coalition against his country. They included diplomats from China, India, Brazil, Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia.

Lavrov’s activities were one of several dramatic plotlines at a G-20 gathering also shadowed by the announcement of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday that he plans to resign and the Friday assassination of Japan’s former prime minister, Shinzo Abe, an act that Blinken called “shocking” and “a loss for the world”.

The gathering concluded without a traditional joint communiqué expressing shared goals, an impossible feat given that Russia would have had to sign off on any such document.

Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attended a meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Bali on Friday (July 8), despite his country’s pariah status in Europe and elsewhere over its brutal war in Ukraine.

His country’s invasion of its neighbour drove two central topics of discussion at the annual event: global disruptions of food and energy supplies.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken declined to meet with Lavrov, as did several other Western foreign ministers. So many attendees refused to pose with Moscow’s top diplomat that a customary group photograph was cancelled.

But in a reflection of why Russia remains able to do business with the outside world and fund its relentless war machine, Lavrov sat down with several ministers from nations that have declined to join the Western-led coalition against his country. They included diplomats from China, India, Brazil, Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia.

Lavrov’s activities were one of several dramatic plotlines at a G-20 gathering also shadowed by the announcement of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday that he plans to resign and the Friday assassination of Japan’s former prime minister, Shinzo Abe, an act that Blinken called “shocking” and “a loss for the world”.

The gathering concluded without a traditional joint communiqué expressing shared goals, an impossible feat given that Russia would have had to sign off on any such document.

Lavrov also took an opportunity to disparage Johnson a day after he said he would step aside for a new leader. Johnson had led one the West’s most aggressive responses toward Russia’s invasion, strongly supporting Ukraine’s government.

“They were trying to establish this new alliance – the UK, the Baltics, Poland and Ukraine,” Lavrov said, calling it an attempt to create “an English bridgehead on the continent” after Britain’s exit from the European Union.

“They were saying that Nato isolated Russia,” Lavrov said. “It was his party that isolated Boris Johnson.”

The news of Johnson’s planned resignation led his foreign minister and potential successor, Liz Truss, to return to London and miss Friday’s programme.

While Lavrov’s mockery of Johnson and the West was not seconded by other attendees, it was clear that American and European views towards Russia and Ukraine did not represent a consensus among the ministers in Bali.

In opening remarks as the event’s host, Indonesia’s foreign minister departed from Western rhetoric when she said that growing food and energy disruptions make it the world’s “responsibility to end the war sooner than later and settle our differences at the negotiating table, not the battlefield”.

US and European officials have generally tried to avoid the perception of pressuring Ukraine into peace talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin, whom they doubt would negotiate in good faith.

While Lavrov may be barred from travel to the United States and the European Union, he moved freely through the luxury hotel that hosted the Bali gathering, which opened on Thursday.

India’s Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar who was seen strolling and chatting with Lavrov through the hotel lobby, said on Twitter that he and Lavrov had “exchanged views” on matters including “the Ukraine conflict” and Afghanistan.

India has friendly relations with Moscow, a longtime patron and source of arms sales. It has also helped Russia weather sanctions by increasing its purchases of Russian oil, taking advantage of a significant discount offered by Moscow.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Iran. Ha chiesto di aderire al Gruppo Brics, Russia, Cina, India, Brasile, Sud Africa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-02.

Iran 003

Nota.

L’articolo calcola il peso economico usando i pil assoluti al posto degli usuali pil ppp.

Ne consegue che i valori riportati siano sottostimati rispetto alla realtà dei fatti.

Si noti anche come l’articolista sia diventato cauto nelle espressioni.

«Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists»

* * * * * * *

L’Iran, che detiene le seconde riserve di gas al mondo, ha chiesto di entrare a far parte del gruppo BRICS, composto da Brasile, Russia, India, Cina e Sudafrica, che Pechino e Mosca presentano come una potente alternativa dei mercati emergenti all’Occidente.

Il termine BRIC è stato coniato dall’economista di Goldman Sachs Jim O’Neill nel 2001 per descrivere la sorprendente ascesa di Brasile, Russia, India e Cina. Le potenze del BRIC hanno tenuto il loro primo vertice nel 2009 in Russia. Il Sudafrica ha aderito nel 2010.

La Russia ha dichiarato che anche l’Argentina ha chiesto di aderire

Mentre la Casa Bianca pensava a cos’altro spegnere nel mondo, vietare o rovinare, l’Argentina e l’Iran hanno chiesto di entrare nei BRICS.

La Cina è di gran lunga l’economia più grande del gruppo BRICS, con oltre il 70% della potenza economica collettiva del gruppo, pari a 27.5 trilioni di dollari. L’India rappresenta circa il 13%, mentre la Russia e il Brasile rappresentano ciascuno circa il 7%, secondo i dati del FMI. I BRICS rappresentano oltre il 40% della popolazione mondiale e circa il 26% dell’economia globale.

Xi ha criticato “l’abuso” delle sanzioni internazionali, mentre Putin ha rimproverato all’Occidente di fomentare la crisi globale.

Il presidente degli Stati Uniti Joe Biden ha dichiarato che l’Occidente è impegnato in una battaglia con i governi autocratici come Cina e Russia.

Il 24 febbraio la Russia ha inviato truppe in Ucraina per ridurre le capacità militari del suo vicino meridionale, estirpare coloro che definisce pericolosi nazionalisti e difendere i russofoni di due regioni dell’Ucraina orientale.

* * * * * * *

«Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West»

«The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010»

«Russia said Argentina had also applied to join»

«While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS»

«China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data. BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy»

«Xi criticised “the abuse” of international sanctions, while Putin scolded the West for fomenting global crisis»

«U.S. President Joe Biden has said the West is locked in a battle with autocratic governments such as China and Russia»

«Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists and defend the Russian-speakers of two eastern Ukrainian regions»

* * * * * * *


Iran applies to join China and Russia in BRICS club

– Iran applies to join BRICS

– Russia says West is failing

– Argentina also applied to join BRICS – Russia

* * * * * * *

Dubai/London, June 28 (Reuters) – Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West.

The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010.

Iran’s membership in the BRICS group “would result in added values for both sides”, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson said. Russia said Argentina had also applied to join.

Russia cast the applications as evidence that the West, led by the United States, was failing to isolate Moscow after the invasion of Ukraine.

“While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS,” Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.

Argentine officials could not be reached for immediate comment but President Alberto Fernandez, currently in Europe, has in recent days reiterated his desire for Argentina to join BRICS.

China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data.

BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy.

Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979 swept U.S.-backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi from power, Iran has been ostracised by the West and its economy crippled by a myriad of sanctions. It hold’s around a quarter of the Middle East’s oil reserves.

                         Chinese Power.

Chinese President Xi Jinping joined Russian President Vladimir Putin and other BRICS leaders for a virtual summit last week.

Xi criticised “the abuse” of international sanctions, while Putin scolded the West for fomenting global crisis, with both leaders calling for greater BRICS cooperation.  

Putin has said relations with China are the best they have ever been and touts a strategic partnership with China aimed at countering U.S. influence.

U.S. President Joe Biden has said the West is locked in a battle with autocratic governments such as China and Russia.

The United States and European powers blame Putin’s decision to invade Ukraine as the reason relations with the West have sunk to the lowest level since the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis — including the severest sanctions in modern history.

But Putin says the West wants to destroy Russia, that the economic sanctions are akin to a declaration of economic war and that Russia will build ties with other powers such as China, India and powers in the Middle East.

Putin, who casts the Ukraine war as a “special military operation”, blames the United States for humiliating Russia in the aftermath of the 1991 fall of the Soviet Union and threatening Moscow by enlarging the NATO military alliance.

Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists and defend the Russian-speakers of two eastern Ukrainian regions.

Ukraine says Russia has launched an imperial-style land grab and will never surrender its territory to Russia.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, India, Materie Prime, Russia

Russia. L’export verso i Brics è aumentato in tre mesi del 58%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-26.

Lavron e Putin che ridono 001

Il presidente russo Vladimir Putin ha dichiarato che il commercio con l’India e la Cina si è rafforzato nonostante le sanzioni petrolifere occidentali.

Nonostante tutte le difficoltà dell’economia globale dovute alle “sanzioni politicamente motivate”, il commercio totale con Brasile, India, Cina e Sudafrica è aumentato del 38% nei primi tre mesi dell’anno, raggiungendo i 45 miliardi di dollari.

I produttori di petrolio russi hanno inviato più greggio agli acquirenti asiatici, soprattutto a Cina e India, con forti sconti, mentre gli acquirenti europei riducono gli acquisti.

All’inizio del 2022 circa due terzi del greggio russo veniva esportato in Europa, mentre ora circa il 50% del petrolio nazionale è destinato all’Asia.

La Russia sta anche lavorando con i paesi BRICS per creare una valuta di riserva internazionale basata su un paniere.

La Russia esporta volumi significativi di fertilizzanti verso i Paesi BRICS.

* * * * * * *

Con una ripetitività ossessionante i media liberal di regime ripetono la solita frase stereotipata:

«amid Western oil sanctions».

Difficile capire se lo ripetano per impararlo a memoria oppure se questo altro non sia che una velina la cui pubblicazione sia loro imposta da alto loco.

In ogni caso sono proprio i media liberal occidentali a constare quanto poco valgano o diktat americani.

Al mondo nessuno ne tiene conto.

* * * * * * *

«Russian President Vladimir Putin said trade with India and China has strengthened amid Western oil sanctions»

«Despite all the difficulties in the global economy due to “politically motivated sanctions,” total trade with Brazil, India, China and South Africa rose 38% in the first three months of the year to US$45 billion, he said»

«Russian oil producers have been sending more crude to Asian buyers, mostly to China and India, at steep discounts as European buyers reduce purchases»

«At the start of 2022 some two-thirds of Russian crude was being exported to Europe, now about 50% of nation’s oil is going to Asia»

«Russia is also working with fellow BRICS to create a basket-based international reserve currency»

«Russia exports significant volumes of fertilizers to the BRICS nations»

* * * * * * *


Putin Sees Russia Oil Flows to China, India ‘Growing Noticeably’

(June 22): Russian President Vladimir Putin said trade with India and China has strengthened amid Western oil sanctions in response to the invasion of Ukraine.

“Russian oil supplies to China and India are growing noticeably,” Putin said in a video address to the BRICS Business Summit on Wednesday. Despite all the difficulties in the global economy due to “politically motivated sanctions,” total trade with Brazil, India, China and South Africa rose 38% in the first three months of the year to US$45 billion, he said.

Russian oil producers have been sending more crude to Asian buyers, mostly to China and India, at steep discounts as European buyers reduce purchases. The country didn’t want to turn away from Europe’s energy market, but it has been pushed out and will find other customers, Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said last week.

At the start of 2022 some two-thirds of Russian crude was being exported to Europe, now about 50% of nation’s oil is going to Asia, according to Gazprom Neft Chief Executive Officer Alexander Dyukov.

Russia is also working with fellow BRICS to create a basket-based international reserve currency, Putin said. “Cooperation in agriculture is developing dynamically. Russia exports significant volumes of fertilizers to the BRICS nations,” he said.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Brasile, Devoluzione socialismo

Brasile. Mar22. Bilancia Commerciale 7.40 miliardi Usd. – Xinhua e Reuters.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-04-07.

2022-04-05__ Brazil Trade Balance 001

                         In sintesi.

– Brazil’s trade balance registered a surplus of 7.4 billion U.S. dollars in March

– The figure represents an increase of 19.3 percent over the surplus balance of 6.5 billion U.S. dollars in March of last year

– Brazil accumulated a trade surplus of 11.3 billion U.S. dollars in the first quarter of the year

– raised the estimated trade surplus for 2022 from 79.4 billion U.S. dollars to 111.6 billion U.S. dollars

* * * * * *

Il confronto di questi due testi è molto istruttivo.

Xinhua riporta semplicemente i dati.

Con una considerevole dose di maligna interpretazione ideologica, Reuters riporta che

«the number was well below market forecasts»

Invece di ammettere che le previsioni degli economisti siano state smentite dai fatti, Reuters assume che le previsioni dei suoi economisti siano il vero macrodato corretto e che il macrodato riportato non sia aumentato a sufficienza.

«Se i fatti smentiscono la teoria, tanto peggio per i fatti»

scriveva il buon Hegel.

* * * * * *

A seguito riportiamo la traduzione in lingua italiana degli articolo riportati.

* * * * * *



Brazil registers record trade surplus in March. – Xinhua.

Brasilia, April 1 (Xinhua) — Brazil’s trade balance registered a surplus of 7.4 billion U.S. dollars in March, a record for the month since the beginning of kept records in 1989, the Foreign Trade Secretariat of the Ministry of Economy said Friday.

The figure represents an increase of 19.3 percent over the surplus balance of 6.5 billion U.S. dollars in March of last year.

As a result, Brazil accumulated a trade surplus of 11.3 billion U.S. dollars in the first quarter of the year.

Exports in March totaled 29.1 billion U.S. dollars, while imports stood at 21.7 billion U.S. dollars.

The result of external sales was a record for all months, favored by the increase in the price of raw materials.

In addition, exports increased by 25 percent and imports by 27.1 percent, compared to March 2021.

With the increase in the prices of foreign trade products, the government raised the estimated trade surplus for 2022 from 79.4 billion U.S. dollars to 111.6 billion U.S. dollars, which would be a record if realized.

* * * * * *


Brazil’s record trade surplus in March misses market expectations. – Reuters.

Brasilia, April 1 (Reuters) – Brazil posted a record trade surplus for March, of $7.4 billion, official data showed on Friday, but the number was well below market forecasts amid expectations that exports would rise as commodity prices spike.

Economists projected a $9.01 billion surplus for the month, according to a Reuters poll.

Exports were up 25% over March last year to $29.1 billion, a record for any given month. But imports rose further, by 27.1%, to $21.7 billion, the Economy Ministry reported.

In both cases, rising prices guided the results.

While the volume of imported products dropped 7.1% compared with the same month last year, prices gained 29.5%. The volume of exported goods increased 1.8%, while prices grew 17.2% in March.

In the first quarter, Brazil’s trade surplus was $11.3 billion, up from $8.1 billion in the same period last year.

For 2022, the Economy Ministry updated its forecast to a trade surplus of $111.6 billion, much higher than the $79.4 billion estimated before, on the back of a surge in goods sold abroad

The outlook for exports was revised up to $348.8 billion in 2022, compared with a January projection of $284.3 billion.

“The conflict between Russia and Ukraine led to higher prices and generates expectations of higher exported value,” said the under secretary for foreign trade intelligence and statistics, Herlon Brandao.

Brazil is a major exporter of soybeans, iron ore, pulp, sugar, beef and crude petroleum.

The ministry estimated that imports will total $237.2 billion this year, up from $204.9 billion seen previously.

* * * * * * *


Il Brasile registra un surplus commerciale record a marzo. – Xinhua.

Brasilia, 1 aprile (Xinhua) – La bilancia commerciale del Brasile ha registrato un surplus di 7,4 miliardi di dollari a marzo, un record per il mese dall’inizio delle registrazioni conservate nel 1989, la Segreteria del Commercio Estero del Ministero dell’Economia ha detto venerdì.

La cifra rappresenta un aumento del 19,3% rispetto al saldo attivo di 6,5 miliardi di dollari nel marzo dello scorso anno.

Come risultato, il Brasile ha accumulato un surplus commerciale di 11,3 miliardi di dollari nel primo trimestre dell’anno.

Le esportazioni in marzo hanno totalizzato 29,1 miliardi di dollari, mentre le importazioni si sono attestate a 21,7 miliardi di dollari.

Il risultato delle vendite esterne è stato un record per tutti i mesi, favorito dall’aumento del prezzo delle materie prime.

Inoltre, le esportazioni sono aumentate del 25% e le importazioni del 27,1%, rispetto a marzo 2021.

Con l’aumento dei prezzi dei prodotti del commercio estero, il governo ha aumentato il surplus commerciale stimato per il 2022 da 79,4 miliardi di dollari a 111,6 miliardi di dollari, che sarebbe un record se realizzato. 

* * * * * *


Il surplus commerciale record del Brasile a marzo manca le aspettative del mercato. – Reuters.

Brasilia, 1 aprile (Reuters) – Il Brasile ha registrato un surplus commerciale record per marzo, di 7,4 miliardi di dollari, i dati ufficiali hanno mostrato venerdì, ma il numero era ben al di sotto delle previsioni del mercato tra le aspettative che le esportazioni sarebbero aumentate con l’aumento dei prezzi delle materie prime.

Gli economisti hanno previsto un surplus di 9,01 miliardi di dollari per il mese, secondo un sondaggio Reuters.

Le esportazioni sono aumentate del 25% rispetto a marzo dell’anno scorso, raggiungendo i 29,1 miliardi di dollari, un record per qualsiasi mese. Ma le importazioni sono aumentate ulteriormente, del 27,1%, a 21,7 miliardi di dollari, ha riferito il ministero dell’Economia.

In entrambi i casi, l’aumento dei prezzi ha guidato i risultati.

Mentre il volume dei prodotti importati è sceso del 7,1% rispetto allo stesso mese dell’anno scorso, i prezzi hanno guadagnato il 29,5%. Il volume delle merci esportate è aumentato dell’1,8%, mentre i prezzi sono cresciuti del 17,2% a marzo.

Nel primo trimestre, il surplus commerciale del Brasile è stato di 11,3 miliardi di dollari, rispetto agli 8,1 miliardi di dollari dello stesso periodo dell’anno scorso.

Per il 2022, il ministero dell’Economia ha aggiornato le sue previsioni a un surplus commerciale di 111,6 miliardi di dollari, molto più alto dei 79,4 miliardi di dollari stimati in precedenza, sulla base di un’impennata dei beni venduti all’estero

La previsione per le esportazioni è stata rivista fino a 348,8 miliardi di dollari nel 2022, rispetto a una proiezione di gennaio di 284,3 miliardi di dollari.

“Il conflitto tra Russia e Ucraina ha portato a un aumento dei prezzi e genera aspettative di un maggiore valore esportato”, ha detto il sottosegretario per l’intelligence e le statistiche del commercio estero, Herlon Brandao.

Il Brasile è un grande esportatore di soia, minerale di ferro, cellulosa, zucchero, manzo e petrolio greggio.

Il ministero ha stimato che le importazioni ammonteranno a 237,2 miliardi di dollari quest’anno, rispetto ai 204,9 miliardi visti in precedenza.

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Brasile, India, Stati Uniti

Agricoltura. I costi di fertilizzanti, combustibili e sementi sono raddoppiati, generando inflazione che genera inflazione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-22.

2022-03-22__ Fertilizzanti 001

“L’urea è aumentata del 143% a quasi 930 dollari la tonnellata, mentre i costi del diesel sono aumentati del 133% a 4,43 dollari al gallone”

“I costi alimentari globali sono balzati a un record a febbraio e sono aumentati di circa il 40% rispetto a due anni fa”

“I costi per acro sono saliti dai 700 – 850 Usd agli attuali 1,150”

“e le sanzioni sul produttore chiave Bielorussia hanno contribuito al rally”

“E ora la Russia, il più grande esportatore di urea e il numero 2 per la potassa, è sanzionata nelle esportazioni di fertilizzanti, minacciando una carenza globale”

2022-03-22__ Fertilizzanti 002

* * * * * *

«The price of everything that goes into producing crops is surging, threatening to further fan global food inflation»

«Food production costs were already high. The pandemic snarled supply chains, making it more difficult — and expensive — to get parts and supplies that are vital for growing crops»

«Then Russia’s invasion of Ukraine took things to another level, sending markets soaring for fertilizers and for the fuels needed to run farm machinery»

«Inflation is so rampant that even with rising food prices, farmers are facing increasingly tough margins»

«But the current, dizzying surge in crude oil is having a pincer-like effect, and for the first time ever, he’s considering winding down the business»

«Global food costs jumped to a record in February and are up about 40% from two years ago»

«Oil’s surge past $100 a barrel has sent diesel futures in Europe and the U.S. to the highest in decades»

«Increasing fuel costs will raise expenses for farmers who have to run a lot of heavy machinery for sowing, tilling and harvesting»

«It will also be costlier to heat barns that house livestock»

«Prices for fertilizers, used to grow practically all crops, have also risen dramatically in the past year»

«A crunch for natural gas supply, elevated freight rates, tariffs, extreme weather and sanctions on key producer Belarus all contributed to the rally»

«And now Russia, the biggest exporter of urea and No. 2 for potash, is seeking to end fertilizer exports, threatening a global shortage»

«The Green Markets North American Fertilizer Price Index has doubled in the last 12 months to reach a record»

«If farmers can’t keep up with their higher costs, they could be forced to pull back on production, leaving the global food-supply situation even more precarious»

«the budgets about $700 to $850 per acre for his input costs …. This year, he expects that number to reach $1,150»

«are paying triple what they did two years ago for anhydrous ammonia, a widely-used nitrogen fertilizer»

«Urea has surged 143% to almost $930 a ton, while diesel costs are up 133% to $4.43 a gallon»

«Agriculture accounts for about a fifth of the economy in India, where nearly 60% of its 1.4 billion people depend on farming, directly or indirectly, for their livelihood»

«The country is the world’s second-biggest grower of sugar, wheat, rice and cotton»

«Many farmers in Brazil, the world’s top soybean exporter, aren’t waiting to see if their costs start to pull back. Instead, they’re buying up fertilizers and other inputs now, rather than taking a gamble»

* * * * * * *

Usa. Dal 23 settembre 2021 ha perso 9,400 miliardi Usd di capitalizzazione.

Le sanzioni imposte da Joe Biden e dai paesi del blocco europeo evidenziano delle ripercussioni e dei costi immani.

Ma se 9,400 miliardi di capitalizzazione persi sono una cifra stroboscopica, ancor peggio si preannuncia il rincaro delle materie prime e degli alimentari. Codesto rincaro è strutturale e genera inflazione che flagella l’enclave liberal occidentale al punto tale che la Fed è stata costretta ad aumentare i tassi di interesse.

Di questo passo l’enclave liberal occidentale si avvia al suicidio.

E ciò sarebbe il meno: lo spettro della miseria e della fame si sta concretizzando a livello mondiale.

* * * * * * *


Soaring Prices for Everything Used to Make Food Brings More Inflation

The price of everything that goes into producing crops is surging, threatening to further fan global food inflation.

Food production costs were already high. The pandemic snarled supply chains, making it more difficult — and expensive — to get parts and supplies that are vital for growing crops. Then Russia’s invasion of Ukraine took things to another level, sending markets soaring for fertilizers and for the fuels needed to run farm machinery. Inflation is so rampant that even with rising food prices, farmers are facing increasingly tough margins.

That’s the problem for Eddie Smith, who has been growing mangoes in Australia for 16 years. He estimates his costs have about doubled in that time. To mitigate the squeeze over the years, he’s taken steps like miniaturizing his trees and reducing diesel consumption. But the current, dizzying surge in crude oil is having a pincer-like effect, and for the first time ever, he’s considering winding down the business.

“Everybody’s doing their bit to try and reduce their input costs, but at the same time everything goes up,” he said from his 3,000 tree farm in Carnarvon, on Australia’s far western coast. “Fuel goes up, water goes up, fertilizer goes up, labor goes up, and I can’t see an end to that at this point.”

The timing couldn’t be worse. The world was already contending with rising hunger after the pandemic’s blow and droughts that parched crops in key growing regions. Global food costs jumped to a record in February and are up about 40% from two years ago.

Things are so dire that the planet could be facing a “tipping point” when it comes to long-term stability for global food supplies, according to Beth Bechdol, deputy director-general of the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization.

                         Fuel, Fertilizers.

Oil’s surge past $100 a barrel has sent diesel futures in Europe and the U.S. to the highest in decades. Increasing fuel costs will raise expenses for farmers who have to run a lot of heavy machinery for sowing, tilling and harvesting. It will also be costlier to heat barns that house livestock.

Prices for fertilizers, used to grow practically all crops, have also risen dramatically in the past year. A crunch for natural gas supply, elevated freight rates, tariffs, extreme weather and sanctions on key producer Belarus all contributed to the rally. And now Russia, the biggest exporter of urea and No. 2 for potash, is seeking to end fertilizer exports, threatening a global shortage. The Green Markets North American Fertilizer Price Index has doubled in the last 12 months to reach a record.

Supplies for seeds and other chemicals like pesticides are also “extremely tight,” Corteva Inc. Chief Executive Officer Chuck Magro said at a recent conference. And prices for tractors made by companies like Deere & Co. are on the rise.

If farmers can’t keep up with their higher costs, they could be forced to pull back on production, leaving the global food-supply situation even more precarious.

                         U.S.

Chris Edgington grows corn and soybeans on 3,000 acres near St. Ansgar, Iowa. During a typical year, he budgets about $700 to $850 per acre for his input costs. This year, he expects that number to reach $1,150. And “a lot of that is borrowed money,” he said. For now, he expects the rally in grain prices will help make up for his larger expenses, but, he warns, the situation could get “pretty, pretty tight.”

Farmers in Iowa, the biggest U.S. state for corn, are paying triple what they did two years ago for anhydrous ammonia, a widely-used nitrogen fertilizer. Urea has surged 143% to almost $930 a ton, while diesel costs are up 133% to $4.43 a gallon, according to March figures from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

“None of them individually are a total game-changer, but when you add all these prices together, we’re going to handle more dollars for the same opportunity of margin that we had a year ago,” Edgington said.

“We have a lot more risk. We have a lot of dollars invested. And we’re just barely going to breakeven,” he said.

                         India.

Agriculture accounts for about a fifth of the economy in India, where nearly 60% of its 1.4 billion people depend on farming, directly or indirectly, for their livelihood. The country is the world’s second-biggest grower of sugar, wheat, rice and cotton.

Birpal Singh, 49, a farmer in the state of Uttar Pradesh, grows rice and wheat on a little more than 2 acres. He uses diesel to run the pumps that water his crops, and it’s also used in tilling machinery. Prices for the fuel have risen more than 30% in the country’s capital New Delhi since 2020, according to data from state-run Indian Oil Corp. He has to till his land four or five times before it’s ready for crop seeding. Plus he’s having to spend more on fertilizer, if he’s lucky enough to find enough supplies.

Further south in Maharashtra state, Murlidhar Patil, 75, grows guava, wheat and soybeans with his brother. Since the start of the pandemic, food inflation has meant that demand is falling for the fruit he grows. While prices may be up at the market, Patil is getting paid less for his crops, which now fetch as little as 25,000 rupees ($330) annually per acre, 60,000 rupees three or four years ago, he said.

“We are suffering a lot,” Patil said. “Prices of all our inputs have risen, but rates of my produce haven’t risen. And at the same time labor costs have also risen. It’s really painful.”

                         Brazil.

Many farmers in Brazil, the world’s top soybean exporter, aren’t waiting to see if their costs start to pull back. Instead, they’re buying up fertilizers and other inputs now, rather than taking a gamble.

That’s the case for Eduardo Zorzi, manager for Bavaresco Group, which farms more than 20,000 acres in Sorriso, Mato Grosso. It’s not just concerns about prices that led to his decision, he said he’s also worried about actually getting the supplies he needs in time.

“With the crazy volatility we are seeing, I decided not to wait any longer and bought my fertilizers for the upcoming soybean crop,” he said.

Leandro Bianchini took similar action. Bianchini is the commercial supervisor for Coacen, the largest co-op in Mato Grosso that plants more than 1 million acres a year, and he didn’t want to take any chances for the next soybean harvest. So he’s already purchased all the inputs needed for the planting season, which doesn’t start until mid-September. Now he’s even looking ahead to the 2023 winter corn crop that will be sown next March.

“There are still lots of unknowns on those costs, and grain prices are not as high as costs for next year,” Bianchini said.

* * * * * * *

Italia. Jan22. Prezzi medi all’ingrosso del comparto agricolo per categorie.

Italia. Gen22. Ortaggi. Prezzi medi all’ingrosso. L’inflazione è al lavoro.

Italia. Dec21. Prezzi Medi alla Pompa di Benzina e Gasolio. Iva ed accise al 60.28%.

Ortaggi. Dec21. Prezzi all’ingrosso. Variazione mediana +21.875% YoY.

Stagno. Dec21. Prezzi Ingrosso 40,351 Usd/Ton, +91.03% anno su anno.

Fertilizzanti. Nov21. Prezzi all’ingrosso. Fosfato di diammonio +102.1% YoY.

America. Nov21. Indice dei Prezzi al Consumo +6.8%. Nel Dec20 valeva +1.4%. Carne + 20.9%.

Germania. Prezzi alimentari +16.3% su novembre 2020. Ecco la Fame. – Destatis.

Italia. Nov21. Mercato Interno. Prezzi Produzione +27.1% YoY. Energia -74.8% YoY.

Fertilizzanti. Anno21. Prezzi all’ingrosso. Fosfato di diammonio +88.43% YoY.

Glicerina. Nov21. Prezzo all’ingrosso aumentato di quasi il 100% anno su anno.

Fertilizzanti. Si prospetta una carestia a livello mondiale. La fame proprio ci mancava.

Italia. Oct21. Ingrosso. Grano duro a 783.2 € per tonnellata, +92.1% anno su anno. Un mese fa +74%.

Burro. Anno21. Ingrosso. Costi al caseificio in Italia su del 58.99%, anno su anno.

Italia. Oct21. Prezzi medi all’ingrosso degli ortaggi. Molti i rincari sopra il 40% anno su anno.

Italia. Oct21. Prezzi medi all’ingrosso di Sardine ed Acciughe. Cibo solo per Faraoni ricchi.

Italia. Sept21. Prezzi medi all’ingrosso al caseificio dei formaggi.

Italia. Ott21. Gamberi rosa. Listino Prezzi Ingrosso. Prezzi stellari.

Italia. Dacci oggi il nostro pane quotidiano. Listino prezzi. La fame si avvicina.

Italia. Settembre21. Prezzi medi degli ortaggi all’origine. Roba da straricchi.

Italia. Sept21. Olio di oliva. Listino costi produzione. – Inflazione.

Mondo. Grano duro. Produzione dimezzata e costi cresciuti del 74% anno su anno.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, India, Russia

Brics. 13mo Summit, con novità. Vogliono un ruolo politico internazionale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-09.

BRICS 001

Il Club dei Brics è formato da Cina, Brasile, Russia, India e South Africa.

«Together, the five-nation group accounts for almost a quarter of the world’s total GDP and over 16% of world trade»

* * * * * * *

«Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9»

«The leaders are expected to discuss issues such as counterterrorism, reforming multilateral organizations like the UN or the IMF, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic and regional developments»

«When the term was first coined, BRIC referred to the four prominent emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China. South Africa was added in 2010»

«Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which will also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa»

«India has outlined four priority areas for its chairship including reforms for multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, counterterrorism and using technology to achieve sustainable development goals, according to India’s Ministry of External Affairs»

«it is expected that Afghanistan could be on the agenda»

«The fate of BRICS has diverged since the first summit was held in Russia more than a decade ago. While China and India have grown exponentially, Russia, Brazil and South Africa have stumbled in exerting their influence on the global economy»

* * * * * * *

Cina. Un j’accuse ferocemente e brutalmente rude, e vero, contro gli Stati Uniti.

Cina. Si avvia alla maggioranza nelle Nazioni Unite.

Rappresentando il 25% circa del Pil mondiale ed il 16% dei commerci mondiali, i Brics si apprestano adesso a svolgere anche un ruolo politico globale. È questa una grande svolta.

La Cina da sola può contare su quasi la metà dei voti in aula alle Nazioni Unite, ed i Brics dovrebbero avere la maggioranza dei votanti.

L’operazione sul Fondo Monetario potrebbe essere più difficile, ma i Brics non dovrebbero poter essere ignorati più a lungo.

I tempi stanno mutando molto velocemente.

*


China’s Xi Jinping to attend virtual BRICS summit chaired by India

– Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9.

– Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which would also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa.

– The leaders are expected to discuss issues such as counterterrorism, reforming multilateral organizations like the UN or the IMF, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic and regional developments.

*

Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9, the country’s foreign ministry said Wednesday.

When the term was first coined, BRIC referred to the four prominent emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China. South Africa was added in 2010. Together, the five-nation group accounts for almost a quarter of the world’s total GDP and over 16% of world trade.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which will also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa. India currently holds the group’s rotating chairship.

India has outlined four priority areas for its chairship including reforms for multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, counterterrorism and using technology to achieve sustainable development goals, according to India’s Ministry of External Affairs.

“In addition to these areas, the leaders will also exchange views on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and other current global and regional issues,” the MEA said Monday.

While the Indian ministry did not specify which global or regional issues would be discussed, it is expected that Afghanistan could be on the agenda. Developments in Kabul are likely to directly impact China, India and Russia.

India’s national security advisor Ajit Doval will present at the summit.

Modi previously chaired the BRICS summit in 2016 in Goa. Last year, the meeting shifted to a virtual format due to the pandemic.

The fate of BRICS has diverged since the first summit was held in Russia more than a decade ago. While China and India have grown exponentially, Russia, Brazil and South Africa have stumbled in exerting their influence on the global economy.

Meanwhile, the relationship between China and India deteriorated last year following border clashes high in the Himalayas.