Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, India

Cop26. O l’ovest paga oppure India resterà a lungo con il carbone. ~5 trilioni di Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-25.

India 013

«COP26: Instead of lectures to India, West needs to pay up»

COP26: invece di fare la morale all’India, l’Occidente deve pagare.

* * * * * * *

«India is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, right below the United States and China, but before painting it as the climate bogeyman let’s not forget that it is far poorer – in income and energy consumption – than the US and China»

«Its GDP per capita (measured in constant international dollars) is $6,118- about one-tenth that of the US and a third that of China. Its consumption of electricity is also far lower – consuming just 972 kwh per person per year, which is only 8% of US consumption and 18% that of China»

«Raising the standard of living for millions of people requires investment in energy-intensive infrastructure such as roads, schools, and hospitals»

«People need cheap and reliable electricity to power their homes and businesses»

«→→ If the international community is serious about helping India to decarbonise and manage the impacts of climate change, they must be prepared to pay ←←»

«→→ They should provide at least $1 trillion in financing, preferably in grants, over the next decade ←←»

«→→ The cost of decarbonisation ranges from $1.3 trillion to several trillion dollars, depending on the net-zero year and other factors ←←»

«India will not only require funds to reduce its dependence on coal but also to transition workers to other jobs»

«rich countries are reluctant to provide compensation for losses and damage»

«India should not be party to a deeply inequitable framework for global climate mitigation and adaptation»

* * * * * * *

A fine ottobre si riunirà la Cop26.

I liberal occidentali erano convinti di poter raggiungere la unanimità nel bando dell’estrazione ed uso del carbone per poter realizzare il loro programma, la loro ideologia, sul ‘clima’.

Anche Joe Biden dovrebbe partecipare, solo che si sarebbe aspettato un trionfo, non una débâcle.

* * * * * * *


Il titolo del Times of India è inequivocabile.

COP26: Instead of lectures to India, West needs to pay up.

As world leaders gather in Glasgow, Scotland, next month for the COP26 summit to accelerate action towards the goals of the Paris Agreement (https://t imesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Paris-Agreement) and the UN Framework Convent ion on Climate Change, there will be renewed pressure on India to curb carbon emissions.

India is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, right below the United States and China, but before painting it as the climate bogeyman let’s not forget that it is far poorer – in income and energy consumption – than the US and China. Its GDP per capita (measured in constant international dollars) is $6,118- about one-tenth that of the US and a third that of China. Its consumption of electricity is also far lower – consuming just 972 kwh per person per year, which is only 8% of US consumption and 18% that of China.

India is undertaking an energy transition even as it works to alleviate poverty – no simple feat. Raising the standard of living for millions of people requires investment in energy-intensive infrastructure such as roads, schools, and hospitals. People need cheap and reliable electricity to power their homes and businesses. To advance its agricultural and industrial ambit ions, it will need to raise its consumption of electricity per capita – likely by a factor of four or five over the next decades – as it undergoes a transition from coal to cleaner sources of power. Beyond the energy transition, there are losses and damage arising from climate events and investments in resilient infrastructure.

If the international community is serious about helping India to decarbonise and manage the impacts of climate change, they must be prepared to pay. They should provide at least $1 trillion in financing, preferably in grants, over the next decade. (The actual amount required will be higher, but India has the capacity to raise capital as well.)

Analysis by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (https:/itimesofindia.indiatimes.com/topic/Council-on-Energv.Environment- and-Water) reveals the substantial resources needed for India to undergo a deep decarbonisation. To decarbonise, India would need to scale up solar power to 5600 GW by 2070 (from the current level of 100 GW), reduce the share of fossil fuels drastically, and sell only electric trucks. The cost of decarbonisation ranges from $1.3 t ri llion to several trillion dollars, depending on the net-zero year and other factors.

Decarbonisation is not the only expense as the Indian economy is closely intertwined with the coal industry. India will not only require funds to reduce its dependence on coal but also to transition workers to other jobs. A just transit ion fund that will disburse at least $10 billion dollars a year t o support workers and communities is central to any attempt at a just transition. For example, India’s leading coal producer, Coal India alone pays nearly $8 billion per year in the form of taxes and dividends to national, state, and local governments, while pension obligations to over half a million retired workers cost up to $3 billion per year. If India shifts away from coal, these resources will need to be replaced with other forms of direct transfers or income support.

Then there is the cost of adapting to slow-onset climate events such as droughts as well as emergency events such as floods and storms. Analysis by leading research institutes in India shows that the country will need over $1 trillion in this decade alone, to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change by building climate-resilient, energy-intensive infrastructure in both rural and urban areas. India will need to invest in energy-intensive const ruction of schools and homes that can withstand climate-related events. Indians with better education, health care, and well-built homes will cope better with heat waves and typhoons. Air conditioning- currently unavailable to most Indians-is a life-saver as temperatures rise. Roads, hospitals, power grids, early warning systems. and refrigerated food supplies protect against the worst outcomes of natural disasters.

Even as India takes steps to adapt to climate change, rich countries are reluctant to provide compensation for losses and damage. Ongoing floods in Kerala have already taken the lives of at least 25 people and destroyed livelihoods and infrastructure. Yet Carbon Copy cites a new UN report in which rich countries were reportedly successful in removing substantial mentions of loss and damage, thereby refusing to acknowledge that developing countries like India – most vulnerable to climate change – are largely not responsible for causing it. If rich countries want India to decarbonise and be more resilient, they should put their money where their mouth is. India should not be party to a deeply inequitable framework for global climate mitigation and adaptation.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Problemia Energetici, Unione Europea

von der Leyen. ‘Il nucleare serve’. E ce lo viene a dire adesso che siamo in stagflazione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-25.

Caravaggio_the-cardsharps_e1

Nella Unione Europea c’è una patologica confusione mentale tra l’immediato ed il futuro, come poi se questo fosse davvero prevedibile con certezza.

Una cosa è come uscire dall’attuale crisi energetica dovuta ai prezzi proibitivi del gas naturale e del carbone, e dalla stagflazione che ne consegue, ed una totalmente differente sono i sacrifici imposti perché nel 2050 sia ecologicamente lindi.

Al momento di scrivere questo testo, rispetto l’anno precedente il natural gas ha un incremento del 108.86%, il TTF del 362.60% e l’UK Gas del 292.55%. Questa è la situazione attuale.

Nel 2050 tutti noi saremo morti.

* * * * * * *

«Vogliamo esplorare come stabilire una riserva strategica di gas, esplorare la possibilità di appalti comuni, intensificheremo l’outreach verso i diversi fornitori per diversificare le fonti di approvvigionamento»

«L’Ue è chiamata a fare i conti con la crisi energetica immediata, con i prezzi alle stelle, ma anche con l’imponente sfida della transizione ecologica»

«Se esaminiamo l’aspetto di medio e lungo termine, lavoreremo su altre misure per aumentare la resilienza e l’indipendenza dell’Unione europea: vogliamo esplorare come stabilire una riserva strategica di gas, esplorare la possibilità di appalti comuni, intensificheremo l’outreach verso i diversi fornitori per diversificare le fonti di approvvigionamento e dobbiamo accelerare il lavoro sull’interconnessione …. Questo mi porta al mix energetico del futuro: è ovvio che abbiamo bisogno di più energia rinnovabile e pulita, se consideriamo il costo di produzione dell’energia rinnovabile, per il solare è dieci volte meno cara di dieci anni fa, l’energia eolica è volatile, pero’ è del 50% meno cara di dieci anni fa, quindi vi sono rinnovabili e sono fonti che abbiamo in casa. Accanto a questo abbiamo bisogno di una fonte stabile, il nucleare per esempio, e durante la transizione anche del gas naturale. Come abbiamo già detto ad aprile, presenteremo la proposta sulla tassonomia tra breve …. Nucleare e rinnovabili ci danno anche indipendenza»

«Abbiamo parlato anche di nucleare. Alcuni Paesi chiedono di inserirlo tra le fonti di energia non inquinanti»

«La Commissione procederà a una proposta a dicembre. Ci sono posizioni molto divisive in Consiglio. Vedremo quale nucleare e poi in ogni caso ci vuole moltissimo tempo»

«Ma ogni Stato membro ha una realtà energetica diversa e una propria percezione dell’attuale crisi dei prezzi, con divergenze sulle cause, sugli effetti, sulla durata e su come affrontarla»

«Le conclusioni di queste analisi saranno note nei prossimi mesi»

«L’energia nucleare è una fonte di energia economica, stabile e indipendente, sostiene il gruppo di Paesi, guidato da Francia e composto da Bulgaria, Croazia, Repubblica Ceca, Finlandia, Ungheria, Polonia, Slovacchia, Slovenia e Romania»

«”Nessuno mi garantisce che questo aumento dei prezzi sarà risolto in pochi mesi”, ha dichiarato il presidente francese Francia, Emmanuel Macron»

* * * * * * *

La lentezza decisionale della Unione Europea è proverbiale, anche di fronte a crisi immediate di questa portata.

Poi, i tempi necessari per costruire una centrale atomica si aggirano sui dieci anni: ma intanto nessuno ci dice come potremo campare fino al 2031, sempre poi che ci si riesca. La stagflazione non perdona nulla a nessuno.

Ripetiamo. Il problema è come sopravvivere oggi: nel 2050 saremo tutti morti.

* * * * * * *


L’Ue fa i conti con la crisi energetica. Von der Leyen: “Il nucleare ci serve”.

La presidente della Commissione europea: “Vogliamo esplorare come stabilire una riserva strategica di gas, esplorare la possibilità di appalti comuni, intensificheremo l’outreach verso i diversi fornitori per diversificare le fonti di approvvigionamento”.

* * *

L’Ue è chiamata a fare i conti con la crisi energetica immediata, con i prezzi alle stelle, ma anche con l’imponente sfida della transizione ecologica. E su questo dovrà scegliere quali fonti valorizzare, quali salvare e quali abbandonare nella prossima fase di transizione. E lo farà entro dicembre.

Al termine del vertice Ue, dopo la discussione di ieri sera durata oltre cinque ore, la presidente della Commissione europea, Ursula von der Leyen, ha tracciato la sua linea. “Se esaminiamo l’aspetto di medio e lungo termine, lavoreremo su altre misure per aumentare la resilienza e l’indipendenza dell’Unione europea: vogliamo esplorare come stabilire una riserva strategica di gas, esplorare la possibilità di appalti comuni, intensificheremo l’outreach verso i diversi fornitori per diversificare le fonti di approvvigionamento e dobbiamo accelerare il lavoro sull’interconnessione”, ha spiegato.

“In parallelo a tutto questo, valuteremo il funzionamento del mercato del gas e dell’elettricità oltre che del mercato Ets e riferiremo verso la fine dell’anno”, ha aggiunto. “Questo mi porta al mix energetico del futuro: è ovvio che abbiamo bisogno di più energia rinnovabile e pulita, se consideriamo il costo di produzione dell’energia rinnovabile, per il solare è dieci volte meno cara di dieci anni fa, l’energia eolica è volatile, pero’ è del 50% meno cara di dieci anni fa, quindi vi sono rinnovabili e sono fonti che abbiamo in casa. Accanto a questo abbiamo bisogno di una fonte stabile, il nucleare per esempio, e durante la transizione anche del gas naturale. Come abbiamo già detto ad aprile, presenteremo la proposta sulla tassonomia tra breve”, ha annunciato la leader dell’esecutivo Ue aprendo qualche spiraglio per il nucleare. “Nucleare e rinnovabili ci danno anche indipendenza“, ha aggiunto. 

                         A dicembre proposta su nucleare

“Abbiamo parlato anche di nucleare. Alcuni Paesi chiedono di inserirlo tra le fonti di energia non inquinanti”, ha confermato il presidente del Consiglio, Mario Draghi. “La Commissione procederà a una proposta a dicembre. Ci sono posizioni molto divisive in Consiglio. Vedremo quale nucleare e poi in ogni caso ci vuole moltissimo tempo“, ha aggiunto.

Il leader della Lega, Matteo Salvini, ha preso la palla al balzo: “Bene la Ue, anche in Italia occorre ripensare e superare il no al nucleare pulito e sicuro di ultima generazione, Lega pronta a presentare una proposta di legge”, ha dichiarato. Tornando a Bruxelles. Tutti sono d’accordo sull’ineluttabilità delle rinnovabili. Il Consiglio europeo sostiene fermamente questa strategia, nonostante i continui inconvenienti di Polonia, Ungheria e, in misura minore, della Repubblica Ceca. Non c’è nemmeno dubbio che il gas, considerato economico e stabile, si qualifichi come “energia di transizione”.

Ma ogni Stato membro ha una realtà energetica diversa e una propria percezione dell’attuale crisi dei prezzi, con “divergenze sulle cause, sugli effetti, sulla durata e su come affrontarla”, riconoscono fonti diplomatiche. La Germania non abbandonerà il carbone prima del 2040, ma cesserà con il nucleare nel 2022, mentre la Francia ha il secondo parco atomico più grande del mondo e vuole rafforzarlo. Il principale fornitore di gas della Spagna è l’Algeria, l’Irlanda lo importa dalla Scozia e la Finlandia lo ottiene dalla Russia, come faceva la Lituania fino a quando non ha cominciato a portarlo dalla Norvegia. Pertanto, la riflessione di ampio respiro, con profonde implicazioni politiche, economiche e sociali, deve tener conto “della diversità e della specificità delle situazioni degli Stati membri”, affermano le conclusioni approvate dal Consiglio.

Il vertice si è anche impegnato a valutare se “certi comportamenti commerciali” nei mercati del gas, dell’elettricità e dell’Ets “richiedano più misure normative”. Ci sono Paesi, come la Spagna, che ritengono che il mercato elettrico “non stia inviando i segnali di prezzo adeguati” mentre altri partner, come la Polonia, ritengono che l’energia stia diventando più costosa, anche a causa delle speculazioni sulle emissioni.

Le conclusioni di queste analisi saranno note nei prossimi mesi, anche se la premessa della Commissione è che non vi siano indicazioni di errori o manipolazioni. Uno dei temi al centro del dibattito energetico, che prende slancio di fronte alla necessità di rilasciare meno Co2 e ai prezzi elevati delle importazioni di idrocarburi, è l’energia nucleare, che rappresenta il 26% dell’elettricità nell’Ue e il 13% del consumo finale di energia.

Tredici dei 27 Stati membri dell’Ue dispongono di reattori nucleari e, sebbene alcuni si stiano muovendo verso l’abbandono di questa fonte di generazione poichè gli impianti esauriscono il loro ciclo di vita, dieci Paesi spingono per indentificarlo come fonte green. L’energia nucleare è “una fonte di energia economica, stabile e indipendente”, sostiene il gruppo di Paesi, guidato da Francia e composto da Bulgaria, Croazia, Repubblica Ceca, Finlandia, Ungheria, Polonia, Slovacchia, Slovenia e Romania. Vorrebbero che la generazione atomica fosse vista come un investimento sostenibile nelle regole della “tassonomia” che la Commissione europea prepara, in modo che apra le porte a condizioni di finanziamento amichevoli. Bruxelles, che si dichiara tecnologicamente neutrale, rimanda da anni questa decisione politica.

La crisi dei prezzi coincide con l’avvio dei negoziati legislativi per raggiungere l’obiettivo dell’Ue di accelerare il taglio delle emissioni di CO2 del 55% entro il 2030 rispetto al 1990. Polonia e Ungheria hanno già attaccato direttamente la proposta della Commissione europea, collegando l’aumento dei prezzi alle politiche climatiche e accusando la Commissione di mettere in pericolo le classi medie, una preoccupazione estrema a Bruxelles, sottolineano le fonti.

Crea anche incertezza non sapere quanto durerà l’escalation dei prezzi. La Commissione ritiene che la carenza diminuirà ad aprile, quando si prevede che il nuovo gasdotto russo Nord Stream 2 inizierà a pompare gas in Germania attraverso il Baltico. Altri paesi, come la Spagna, temono che possa trascinarsi. “Nessuno mi garantisce che questo aumento dei prezzi sarà risolto in pochi mesi”, ha dichiarato il presidente francese Francia, Emmanuel Macron, in conferenza stampa.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, Stati Uniti

UN. Questa nuova débâcle di Joe Biden segna la tappa epocale della perdita di controllo delle UN.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-25.

Cacciare a pedate 001

Da venerdì Stati Uniti ed enclave liberal europea sono diventati minoranza nelle assemblee delle Nazioni Unite..

I media liberal si son chiusi in un muto silenzio, come se nulla fosse successo.

Questa è una svolta storica, epocale: adesso è la Cina a controllare la maggioranza in seno alle Nazioni Unite.

* * * * * * *

«On October 21st, the United States, France and a few other countries launched unfounded accusations against China at the Third Committee of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly»

«Ambassador Zhang Jun resolutely refuted those accusations and expressed China’s firm opposition and strong rejection»

«→→ More than 80 countries echoed China’s position, including Cuba on behalf of 62 countries, Kuwait on behalf of three Gulf states, and many other countries who spoke individually, forming a strong momentum in support of China ←←»

«→→ The United States and a few other countries’ attempts to smear the human rights situation in China were again defeated China ←←»

«Cuba delivered a joint statement on behalf of 62 countries in support of China, stressing that respecting sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of states and non-interference in internal affairs of sovereign states represent basic norms governing international relations»

«The statement stressed that Hong Kong-, Xinjiang- and Tibet-related issues are China’s internal affairs that brook no interference by any external forces, and supported China’s implementation of “one country, two systems” in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region»

«It opposed politicization of human rights, double standards and unfounded allegations against China out of political motivation and based on disinformation»

«Kuwait made a joint statement in support of China on behalf of three Gulf states, stressing the objective, constructive and non-political principle on human rights issues, and calling upon all states to follow the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and to respect national sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs»

«China and the African Group also initiated a joint statement on Combating Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, which was supported by 78 countries»

«Those western countries may fool themselves, but they cannot fool the world»

«The days when western countries could bully and oppress developing countries are long gone»

«History and reality have proven time and again that the finger-pointing, pressuring and bullying by countries like the US have lost them all the support from people around the world»

* * * * * * *

Il fatto era da tempo nell’aria.

Cina penetra economicamente l’Africa subsahariana.

Cina. Consolida il suo impero in Africa.

Cina ed Africa. I rapporti collaborativi si stanno consolidando.

Pechino assorbe il 30% dell’export di 9 Paesi subsahariani.

Cina ed Africa. Una politica di rapporti internazionali paritetici.

I nuovi enormi investimenti della Cina in Africa

Why Africa loves China

Cina e Myanmar. Un possibile sbocco sull’Oceano Indiano.

Prosegue e si allarga la rivolta all’impèrio mondiale. Gambia.

Kenyatta: Gay rights is a non-issue for Kenya

Cina. Silura ed affonda con scherno COP26. Costruirà nuove centrali a carbone e petrolio.

G20. Nessun paese ha adempiuto gli Accordi di Parigi del 2015.

* * * * * * *

La politica cinese di intrattenere relazioni internazionali su base paritetica, nel pieno rispetto della sovranità propria ed altrui, sta dando i frutti sperati.

Stati Uniti ed enclave liberal europea sono incapsulati: hanno perso anche il dominio, prima incontrastato, della Assemblea delle Nazioni Unite.

Bene adesso inizino a fare la morale a loro stessi.

* * * * * * *


The Majority of Countries Oppose the Interference in China’s Internal Affairs in the Name of Human Rights.

On October 21st , the United States, France and a few other countries launched unfounded accusations against China at the Third Committee of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly. Ambassador Zhang Jun resolutely refuted those accusations and expressed China’s firm opposition and strong rejection. He later held a press conference on China’s position on human rights issues. More than 80 countries echoed China’s position, including Cuba on behalf of 62 countries, Kuwait on behalf of three Gulf states, and many other countries who spoke individually, forming a strong momentum in support of China. The United States and a few other countries’ attempts to smear the human rights situation in China were again defeated.

Cuba delivered a joint statement on behalf of 62 countries in support of China, stressing that respecting sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of states and non-interference in internal affairs of sovereign states represent basic norms governing international relations. The statement stressed that Hong Kong-, Xinjiang- and Tibet-related issues are China’s internal affairs that brook no interference by any external forces, and supported China’s implementation of “one country, two systems” in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The joint statement also called upon all parties to respect the right of the people of each state to choose independently the path for human rights development in accordance with their national conditions, and treat all human rights with the same emphasis. It opposed politicization of human rights, double standards and unfounded allegations against China out of political motivation and based on disinformation.

Kuwait made a joint statement in support of China on behalf of three Gulf states, stressing the objective, constructive and non-political principle on human rights issues, and calling upon all states to follow the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and to respect national sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs.

During the meeting, more than 20 countries made statements in support of China, spoke highly of China’s achievements in the development of human rights, and calling upon all countries to uphold multilateralism and solidarity, and to promote and protect human rights through dialogue and cooperation.

At the meeting and the press conference, Ambassdor Zhang Jun said that the US and a few countries have once again abusing the Third Committee platform to launch groundless accusations against China, spread political viruses and disinformation, and poison the atmosphere of cooperation, which China resolutely opposes and strongly rejects.

Ambassador Zhang pointed out that China has actively participated in the discussion on all agenda items of the Third Committee, presented China’s propositions, offered China’s solutions and made China’s contribution. At the general debate, China made a joint statement on Unilateral Coercive Measures on behalf of 31 countries, and a joint statement on Global Solidarity for Vaccine Equity on behalf of 76 countries. China and the African Group also initiated a joint statement on Combating Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, which was supported by 78 countries. It is the shared aspiration of China and the wider developing world that in promoting and protecting human rights, dialogue and cooperation is the right way forward.

Ambassador Zhang emphasized that the accusations by the US and a few other countries are totally unfounded. China has introduced many times the real situation in Xinjiang. Right before the start of the Third Committee, the Chinese Mission and the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region together hosted a virtual event titled “Xinjiang is a Wonderful Land”, and invited representatives of ordinary people from Xinjiang and foreign friend living there to tell their real stories. Xinjiang’s door is always open. More than 1,600 diplomats, journalists and religious figures from over 100 countries have visited the region. What they saw, heard and told have shattered the lies by those western countries. The Chinese people’s life is getting better day by day. The Chinese people are satisfied with and proud of such achievements, and those achievements are widely recognized and praised by people around the world. The happy lives and smiles of the Chinese people are the best manifestation of China’s human rights situation. Those western countries may fool themselves, but they cannot fool the world.

Ambassador Zhang said that the attempt by the US and a few other countries to obstruct China’s development is doomed to fail. China’s development path is chosen by the Chinese people. Those countries are in no position to make choice for the Chinese people, let alone lecture China. China’s progress is unstoppable. No one can deprive the Chinese people of their rights to live a happy life. The days when western countries could bully and oppress developing countries are long gone.

Ambassador Zhang pointed out that the US and a few other countries are desperately trying to cover up their own terrible human rights record. But the world sees it clearly. The US conducted genocide against American Indians. The US suppressed its own people to the point they have to yell “I can’t breathe”. The US ignored the deaths of over 700,000 nationals due to the pandemic. And the US stained its hands with the blood of hundreds of thousands of Muslim civilians in the Middle East and Central Asia. The list of human rights violation by those countries goes on. Human rights are their cover-ups. Blaming other countries will not wipe off their own misdeeds, but only reveal their evil and hypocrisy.

Ambassador Zhang emphasized that the US and a few other countries, in the name of democracy, have been trying to get rid of those who dare to hold different views. But all their attempts will end in vain. Democracy is not a few countries’ privilege, but a right enjoyed by people of all countries. The best democracy is to let people be the real master of the country, instead of making them the cannon fodder in political manipulation. The world is diverse. So are the approaches to realize democracy. Whether a country is democratic or not should be judged by its own people, not some individuals outside the country, let alone some individual western countries. Tragedies in countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya have proven time and again that military intervention from the outside and the so-called democratic transformation entail nothing but harm to those countries affected, and to the ideal of democracy itself.

Ambassador Zhang said that the attempts by the US and a few other countries to politicize and manipulate human rights issues will find no support. People around the world are clear-eyed about the truth. More than 80 countries have made statements to support China. They opposed interference in other countries’ internal affairs in the name of human rights, and called for following the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. History and reality have proven time and again that the finger-pointing, pressuring and bullying by countries like the US have lost them all the support from people around the world. They are on the opposite side of the international community.

Ambassador Zhang said that respecting and protecting human rights is a basic spirit of the modern civilization. It has been written into China’s Constitution, and become general practices in the Chinese society. Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese people of all ethnic groups have made tireless efforts and realized the first centenary goal. We have built China into a moderately prosperous society in all respects. We have brought a historic solution to absolute poverty in China, and achieved the SDG on poverty alleviation 10 years in advance. The Chinese people enjoy more human rights and freedoms than ever before.

Ambassador Zhang pointed out that China sticks to its human rights path with distinctive Chinese features that suits its national conditions, and delivered better lives to the Chinese people. What China has achieved shows that this is a correct path with a bright future. China will firmly follow this path. China welcomes all conducive and good faith suggestions. But China will never accept any political pressure based on lies or any condescending lecturing. China’s resolve to defend its sovereignty, security and development interests remains unshakable; and its resolve to safeguard the fundamental interests and dignity of the wider developing world remains unshakable. China will continue to conduct human rights exchanges and cooperation with other countries on the basis of equality and mutual trust. We will continue to provide China’s wisdom and China’s solutions, and advocate peace, development, fairness, justice, democracy, freedom and other values shared by all humanity. China will strive for the building of a community with a shared future for mankind, and make even greater contribution to the international human rights cause.

The Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly is the committee that discusses human rights and social development issues. Since 2019, the United States has gathered a group of countries for three times to smear China on human rights issues, which were firmly opposed by the vast majority of countries and all ended in failure.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime

Germania. Il 39% delle nuove costruzioni è riscaldata con natural gas. – Destatis.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-24.

Destatis__001

Destatis. 39% of the residential buildings constructed in 2020 are heated by natural gas.

                         Pressrelease #N 060 from 13 October 2021

– Share of new dwellings with gas heating down almost by half in 20 years

– Consumers not yet affected by increases in natural gas prices: import prices of natural gas in August 2021 up 177.5% on a year earlier, consumer prices in September up 5.7%

– Households spent an average 150 euros per month on energy according to latest figures

* * * * * * *

Wiesbaden – At the beginning of the heating period, the focus is especially on the costs of energy sources used – above all natural gas. The Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) reports that 39% of the total of just under 113,000 new buildings constructed in 2020 were equipped with gas heating. This means that natural gas was the second most important primary energy source after heat pumps.

The trend towards the fossil energy source of natural gas has been on the decline for years. In 2010, the share of new buildings heated by gas was 53%, in 2000 even 74%. Other fossil energy sources used for heating are heating oil and, to a smaller extent, electricity. Today, oil heating is rare in new residential buildings. In 2020, only 0.7% of the new buildings had oil heating, while 20 years earlier it was almost one in five new buildings (20%).

Instead, renewable energy sources are gaining in importance. Heat pumps, which are used for geothermal and environmental thermal energy, were the most important primary energy source in 2020. They were used as an energy source for heating in 46% of new buildings. This means that the proportion of new buildings that used renewable energy sources for heating was more than half (50.5%) for the first time in 2020.

                         Price increases for energy sources affect especially import prices and producer prices

Even though renewable energy sources are more and more establishing themselves in new buildings, mineral oil, in addition to natural gas, still has some importance in the housing stock. Roughly one quarter of all dwellings are still heated by oil. For these energy sources, price increases at upstream stages in the economic process have been observed for some time. First, CO2 pricing introduced at the beginning of 2021 has an effect and second, various coronavirus effects such as the more rapid recovery of the economy following the first lockdown phase play a role.

For example, import prices of natural gas rose markedly as of March 2021; in August 2021 they were by 177.5% higher than in the same month of the previous year, according to the latest figures. In August 2021, the prices of mineral oil, too, were markedly up (63.6%) year on year, the prices of electricity, which to a small extent is also used for heating, were up by 136.1%.

Marked increases were also recorded most recently for industrial producer prices. Natural gas prices in August 2021 were by 44.2% higher than in the same month a year earlier, with marked differences between the various consumption groups. The prices of heating oil rose by 63.6%. The increase in electricity prices was considerably smaller (+20.4%).

                         Differences in natural gas and heating oil prices are due to differences in access to the energy market

Consumers are not affected by natural gas price increases to the same extent as upstream stages in the economic process. In September 2021, natural gas prices were up 5.7% on a year earlier, which means that the increase was just slightly higher than that of the overall consumer price index (4.1%). The price increase for natural gas is due not only to the price rises at upstream stages in the economic process , including CO2 pricing, but also to the base effect caused by the temporary reduction of value-added tax rates in the previous year. In September 2021, consumers had to pay roughly 76.5% more for heating oil than a year earlier. Electricity prices were up 2.0% year on year in September 2021. “The different developments of natural gas and electricity on the one hand and of heating oil on the other are due to the difference in access consumers have to the energy market”, said Christoph-Martin Mai, Head of the Consumer Prices Section at the Federal Statistical Office. “Heating oil is purchased at current prices, whereas long-term contracts with energy suppliers are often applied to natural gas and electricity. Price changes in that area are usually made annually and with some lead time.” 

                         Households spent just under 6% of their consumption expenditure on energy

An average household’s expenditure on housing energy, that is among other things, electricity, gas and heating oil, amounted to 150 euros per month in 2019, which is 5.8% of household final consumption expenditure. Expenditure on electricity accounts for the largest proportion of expenditure on housing energy. It averaged 46% (roughly 70 euros per month) in 2019.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Unione Europea

Europa. Elettricità. 7 milioni già disconnessi per morosità. 80 milioni nei triboli.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-24.

2021-10-06__ Europa Elettricità 001

Gli aumenti delle materie prime energetiche comportano il susseguente aumento dei costi della energia elettrica e del gas al consumatore finale.

È quindi ovvio risultato che milioni di famiglie si vedano tagliare le utenze, le bollette le quali non sono in grado di pagare.

* * * * * * *

«Millions of people across Europe may not be able to afford to heat their homes this winter as gas and electricity prices soar»

«rising prices have intensified a longstanding problem tied to a combination of high energy costs, low household incomes and homes that aren’t energy efficient.»

«up to 80 million households across Europe were already struggling to keep their homes adequately warm before the pandemic»

«The European Union describes energy poverty as being unable to afford “proper indoor thermal comfort.”»

«→→ Now, price hikes are putting even more households at risk of being disconnected from power and gas grids because they can’t pay their bills ←←»

«Workers in retail, hospitality and the airline sector were hit especially hard, and many have lost their jobs»

«Seven million European households receive energy disconnection notices a year»

«Natural gas futures for October delivery have more than doubled over the past three months»

«Inflation data published Thursday shows that consumer energy prices are surging in France and Italy»

«Between 20% and 30% of Europe’s population is facing general poverty, while up to 60% are suffering from energy poverty in some countries»

«Bulgaria has the highest proportion of energy poor people in Europe at 31% of the population, followed by Lithuania at 28%, with the relatively warmer Cyprus at 21% and Portugal at 19%. Switzerland’s population is the least vulnerable to energy poverty at 0.3%, followed by Norway’s 1%»

«We should be seeing access to energy as a human right in the same way as we see access to water as a human right»

«The government will scrap some standing charges from consumers’ bills, which suppliers use to cover overheads related to renewable energy subsidies»

* * * * * * *

Il costo del natural gas e del carbone ha raggiunto in Europa aumenti di quasi il cinquecento per cento in un anno, ma parte non indifferente di questi aumenti è dovuto al carico di accise e tasse che vi gravano sopra.

Si attua così un meccanismo iniquamente perverso: per mantenere le sovvenzioni alle energie rinnovabili si mandano alla miseria milioni di Cittadini già in fascia di povertà.

È una situazione che grida vendetta a Dio ed agli uomini.

* * * * * * *


80 million European households struggle to stay warm. Rising energy costs will make the problem worse.

London (CNN Business) Millions of people across Europe may not be able to afford to heat their homes this winter as gas and electricity prices soar.

Experts, anti-poverty organizations and environmental campaigners are warning that the coronavirus pandemic and rising prices have intensified a longstanding problem tied to a combination of high energy costs, low household incomes and homes that aren’t energy efficient.

Recent research led by Stefan Bouzarovski, professor at the University of Manchester and chair of energy poverty research network Engager, found that up to 80 million households across Europe were already struggling to keep their homes adequately warm before the pandemic.

The European Union describes energy poverty as being unable to afford “proper indoor thermal comfort.” Only four European countries — France, Ireland, Slovakia and the United Kingdom — have official definitions, but experts say the problem is widespread.

Now, price hikes are putting even more households at risk of being disconnected from power and gas grids because they can’t pay their bills. Many are vulnerable because their incomes dropped and bills rose during the pandemic. Workers in retail, hospitality and the airline sector were hit especially hard, and many have lost their jobs.

“Since 2019 a lot has changed, but more than 12 million households [in Europe] were [already] in arrears with their utility bills,” said Louise Sunderland, senior adviser and policy analyst at the Regulatory Assistance Project, which focuses on the clean energy transition.

Seven million European households receive energy disconnection notices a year, according to the Right to Energy Coalition, an umbrella group that includes trade unions, environmental organizations and NGOs.

The pandemic made the problem even worse, said Sunderland, because many people are spending more time at home, increasing their energy consumption.

At the same time, energy prices are rising because gas suppliers are struggling to replenish stocks depleted by high demand for heating last winter and air conditioning over the hot summer. That scarcity has pushed consumer and wholesale prices to record levels.

Natural gas futures for October delivery have more than doubled over the past three months, according to data from the Dutch Title Transfer Facility, a major gas trading venue. Inflation data published Thursday shows that consumer energy prices are surging in France and Italy.

                         A longstanding problem

“The risk of falling into energy poverty within the European population is at double the risk of general poverty,” Bouzarovski told CNN Business.

Between 20% and 30% of Europe’s population is facing general poverty, while up to 60% are suffering from energy poverty in some countries, he said.

Bulgaria has the highest proportion of energy poor people in Europe at 31% of the population, followed by Lithuania at 28%, with the relatively warmer Cyprus at 21% and Portugal at 19%. Switzerland’s population is the least vulnerable to energy poverty at 0.3%, followed by Norway’s 1%.

Experts and campaigners have argued the European Union should legislate a ban on suppliers disconnecting households from their energy sources in the short term. But they warn that only reducing dependency on gas and introducing more renewables to the energy mix can tame price spikes in the longer term.

“It’s not clear why we don’t have an EU-wide disconnection ban,” said Bouzarovski, adding that implementation could be similar to how the bloc scrapped mobile phone roaming charges.

“We should be seeing access to energy as a human right in the same way as we see access to water as a human right,” said Martha Myers, climate justice and energy campaigner at Friends of the Earth Europe, which is part of the Right to Energy Coalition.

                         Civil unrest fears

Observers are also warning of the possibility of political unrest if governments don’t take action to help households.

“There could be a rise in ‘Gilet Jaunes’-type movements across Europe,” Bouzarovski said, referring to protests that rocked France in recent years.

Rising fuel prices sparked protests across Bulgaria in 2013 that brought down the government and caused smaller scale demonstrations in 2018.

France has announced a €100 ($116) one-off payment to nearly 6 million households already receiving energy vouchers from the government. Spain has moved to slash household energy taxes and impose a levy on some energy suppliers.

The Italian government has committed up to €3 billion ($3.5 billion) to subsidize up to 5.5 million of its most vulnerable citizens, according to Reuters. The government will scrap some standing charges from consumers’ bills, which suppliers use to cover overheads related to renewable energy subsidies.

European Energy Commissioner Kadri Simson said earlier this month that “there are tools” EU countries can deploy to address the situation.

“[Sales tax] and excise policy, targeted measures for energy poor and vulnerable consumers or temporary measures for households and small businesses, as well as direct support to consumers are all steps that can be taken, fully in line with the EU rules,” she said, following a meeting with energy ministers in Slovenia.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo

Germania. Sept21. PPI, Producer prices Index, +14.2%. – Destatis.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-23.

2021-10-21__ Germania PPI 001

                         In sintesi.

– +14.2% on the same month a year earlier

– Energy prices as a whole were up 32.6% compared to September 2020

– strong increase regarding natural gas (distribution) which was +58.9% on September 2020

– overall index disregarding energy was 8.6% up on September 2020

– Prices of intermediate goods increased by 17.4% compared to September 2020

– Compared to September 2020 intermediate goods’ prices increased especially regarding sawn timber (+118%)

– sawn timber (+118%), wooden packaging materials (+92.5%), secondary raw materials (+87.2%), reinforcing steel in bars (+81.8%), raw materials (+96.8%), fertilisers and nitrogen compounds (+21.1%), cereal flour prices were up 9.6%, structural metal products (+13.6%)

– Prices of crude vegetable oils were up 43.8%, butter prices rose by 15.5%, beef prices by 11.3%

* * * * * * *


Number of persons employed in manufacturing in August 2021: -0.8% year on year.

Mercedes-Benz fa fagotto e si trasferisce in Cina, che chiama ‘nuova Patria’

Questa è una inflazione galoppante, associata a stasi della produzione industriale: in altre parole, stagflazione.

* * * * * * *

Destatis. Producer prices in September 2021: +14.2% on September 2020.

                         Producer prices of industrial products (domestic market), September 2021

+2.3% on the previous month

+14.2% on the same month a year earlier

* * *

Wiesbaden – In September 2021, the index of producer prices for industrial products increased by 14.2% compared with September 2020. As reported by the Federal Statistical Office this was the highest increase compared to the corresponding month of the preceding year since October 1974 (+14.5%), when prices rose strongly during the first oil crisis. Compared with the preceding month August 2021 the overall index rose by 2.3% in September 2021.

Mainly responsible for the increase of producer prices compared to September 2020 was the price increase of energy.

                         Strong increase in prices for all energy sources

Energy prices as a whole were up 32.6% compared to September 2020 and by 8.0 compared to August 2021. Mainly responsible for the high rise of energy prices was the strong increase regarding natural gas (distribution) which was +58.9% on September 2020.

The overall index disregarding energy was 8.6% up on September 2020.

                         Significant price increase on intermediate goods, especially regarding wood, secondary raw materials and metals

Prices of intermediate goods increased by 17.4% compared to September 2020. Compared to August 2021 these prices were up 0.6 %. Compared to September 2020 intermediate goods’ prices increased especially regarding sawn timber (+118%) whose prices decreased by 2.0% from August 2021. Especially high were the price increases of wooden packaging materials (+92.5%), secondary raw materials (+87.2%) and reinforcing steel in bars (+81.8%). Metal prices were up 35.5% compared to September 2020. Prices of metallic steel and ferro-alloys increased by 59.8%, prices of non-ferrous metals were up 21.1%. Also in September the main reasons for the rise in steel and wood prices are likely to be increasing demand in Germany and abroad, problems in the supply of raw materials and sharp increases of import prices for iron ore in the past months (+96.8% from August 2020 to August 2021). Also prices for plastics in primary forms showed a strong plus compared to September 2020 (+22.2%) as well as fertilisers and nitrogen compounds (+21.1%).  Cereal flour prices were up 9.6%. Only few prices of intermediate goods fell compared to September 2020, two of them being wood in chips and particles (-14.7%) and precious metals (-7.2%).

Prices of durable consumer goods increased by 3.2% compared to September 2020, mainly caused by the price development of furniture (+3.9%). Prices of capital goods, such as machines and vehicles, rose by 2.8%, mainly driven by the price development of structural metal products (+13.6%) and of tanks, reservoirs and containers of metal (+10.1%).

                         Growth in prices of non-durable consumer goods mainly due to increasing prices for oils and fat

Prices of non-durable consumer goods increased by 2.2% compared to September 2020, but remained unchanged compared to August 2021. From September 2020 to September 2021 food prices increased by 2.8%. Prices of crude vegetable oils were up 43.8%, butter prices rose by 15.5%, beef prices by 11.3%. Prices of bread, fresh pastry goods and cakes increased by 3.9%. By contrast, pork prices were down 5.5% and processed potatoes 2.2%.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Italia. Ott21. Gamberi rosa. Listino Prezzi Ingrosso. Prezzi stellari.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-23.

2021-10-20__ Gamberi 001

Questi sono i prezzi all’ingrosso dei gamberi rosa, Parapenaeus Longirostris, nella settimana dal 18 ottobre.

Come si constata, sono aumenti anno su anno che vanno dal +47.2% al +133.3%.

Si tenga presente come tra il costo dei prezzi all’ingrosso e quelli al dettaglio intercorra un fattore moltiplicativo che varia tra le cinque e le otto volte, a seconda della tipologia del pescato e della piazza di mercato.

Questa è l’inflazione, della quale tutti i Cittadini fanno esperienza nella spesa quotidiana, sul proprio portafoglio.

Si commenti come si voglia, ma sono incrementi dei prezzi che ne preclusono l’acquisto a larga parte della popolazione.

2021-10-20__ Gamberi 002

* * * * * * *

Questa è la situazione del primo semestre 2021.

«Il volume delle prime vendite nel primo semestre del 2021 si è attestato intorno a 37 mila tonnellate, in diminuzione del -5,4% rispetto allo stesso semestre dello scorso anno, secondo gli ultimi dati disponibili dell’Osservatorio Eumofa. Acciughe, sardine e vongole rappresentano nel primo semestre 2021 le principali specie sbarcate. Rispetto allo scorso anno si è registrato un forte ridimensionamento dei volumi delle vongole (-38,2%) accompagnato da una riduzione nel valore (-32,8%). Anche il pesce spada ha visto le sue quantità sbarcate ridursi (-25,7%), anche in questo caso insieme ad una diminuzione del valore (-21,1%). Per entrambe le specie il prezzo è tuttavia cresciuto rispetto al primo semestre del 2020 (rispettivamente del +8,7% e del +6,1%).

Crescono invece i volumi di sardine (+34,8% rispetto alla prima metà del 2020) e di acciughe o alici (+5,1%) in virtù del buon andamento della campagna di pesca nei primi mesi dell’anno.

A valore gli sbarchi di sardine e acciughe mettono a segno un progresso rispettivamente del +27,3% e del +36,6% rispetto al primo semestre del 2020. Anche le triglie sono interessate da un aumento nel valore, pari a +27,1%, mentre i gamberi o gamberetti diversi registrano un +37,9% rispetto allo stesso semestre dello scorso anno.

Nel periodo gennaio-aprile 2021 in Europa i consumi ittici hanno registrato un trend positivo sia in volume (+14,8%) sia in valore (+17,5%) rispetto allo stesso periodo del 2020. I Paesi maggiormente interessati da aumenti nei volumi sono stati l’Irlanda (+54,4%), la Francia (+28,5%) e la Germania (+28,9%) quest’ultima sostenuta da una diminuzione dei prezzi del -8,3%. La ragione è sicuramente da ricercare nel calo consistente dei consumi che ha caratterizzato i primi mesi del 2020 in seguito alle chiusure generalizzate in tutta Europa a seguito dell’emergenza sanitaria.

Anche i consumi nazionali sono cresciuti del 25,2% nel periodo gennaio-aprile 2021. Al dato italiano ha contribuito positivamente in particolare l’aumento nei consumi di salmone (quasi 8mila tonnellate nel periodo gennaio-aprile rispetto alle quasi 5mila del 2020, +63,8% nel periodo), orate (+30,8%) e acciughe o alici (+20,4%). Forti incrementi anche nel valore generato: contribuiscono in particolar modo i salmoni (+57,4% rispetto al precedente anno) e le orate (incremento del 23,7% rispetto al periodo tra gennaio e aprile 2020). Un altro incremento considerevole è quello dei calamari, il cui valore nei primi quattro mesi del 2020 era pari a circa 43 milioni di euro, mentre nello stesso periodo del 2021 è pari a 65 milioni di euro.»

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti

Usa. Richiesta sussidi di disoccupazione iniziale 290k (-3k), continua 2,481k (-112k).

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-22.

2021-10-21__ Jobless 001

Le richieste di disoccupazione iniziale sono state 290,00, 3,000 in meno rispetto la settimana precedente.

Le richieste di disoccupazione continua sono state 2,481,000, 112,000 in meno rispetto la settimana precedente.

Se è vero che questi macrodati sono diminuiti rispetto a quelli della settimana precedente, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare come queste variazioni siano microscopiche per una nazione di 330 milioni di abitanti.

* * * * * * *

I media liberal stanno esultando di gioia dei dati in discesa. Li considerano una grandiosa vittoria della Harris-Biden Administration, mentre invece altro non sono che la ennesima débâcle di questa Amministrazione.

* * * * * * *

                         Attenzione!

L’articolo riportato ha due evidenti errore di battuta.

2,593,000 – 2,481,000 rende 112,000, non 122,000 come riportato nel testo.

293,000 – 290,000 rende 3,000, non 6,000 come riportato nel testo.

* * * * * * *


Jobless claims fall again as enhanced pandemic benefits fade away

– First-time filings for jobless claims totaled 290,000 for the week ended Oct. 16.

– That was down 6,000 from the previous week and below the 300,000 Dow Jones estimate.

– Continuing claims also dropped to a new pandemic low, falling to 2.48 million.

* * *

Weekly jobless claims hit another pandemic-era low last week as the elimination of enhanced benefits sent fewer people to the unemployment line.

First-time filings for unemployment insurance totaled 290,000 for the week ended Oct. 16, down 6,000 from the previous period, the Labor Department reported Thursday. This was the second week in a row that claims ran below 300,000.

Economists surveyed by Dow Jones had been looking for an even 300,000.

The numbers take on added significance as the filing period covers the survey week the Labor Department uses to compile its closely watched monthly nonfarm payrolls report.

Continuing claims also fell to their lowest level since the Covid-19 crisis began, dropping to 2.48 million, a decline of 122,000 from the previous week. Those numbers run a week behind the headline weekly total.

Both drops, the lowest totals since March 14, 2020, come a month after most programs that provide enhanced or extended benefits related to the pandemic came to a close.

The total of those receiving benefits under all state and federal programs fell by 369,992 to 3.279 million, according to data through Oct. 2. A year ago, that total was nearly 23.8 million.

Taken together, the numbers show that the U.S. is edging closer to its pre-pandemic normal when it comes to the labor market, though there is still distance to cover.

The four-week moving average for initial claims totaled 319,750. While also a pandemic-era low, the total remains well above the 225,500 in place on March 14, 2020, before the explosion in claims that resulted from a nationwide economic shutdown.

Weekly claims peaked at 6.15 million in early April 2020, before a tentative economic reopening that continues but remains incomplete as Covid fears linger. Though the unemployment rate has dropped a full 10 percentage points from the 14.8% peak in April 2020, there are still 5 million fewer Americans at work than before the pandemic.

U.S. companies are suffering through a stifling labor shortage that saw a record 4.3 million workers leave their jobs in August. In normal times, an elevated level of quits is often seen as a sign of worker confidence. However, in the current situation they are seen as more evidence of a dearth of workers that is making it difficult for the economy to stage a full recovery.

In its most recent survey of national economic conditions, the Federal Reserve found employment growth “dampened by a low supply of workers.” The Fed’s “Beige Book” report further said retail, hospitality and manufacturing firms had to cut hours or production because of a lack of workers.

Companies also reported “higher turnover, as workers left for other jobs or retired,” while Covid-related factors such as child care and health fears also contributed to problems. The report further noted that business owners are increasing wages, benefits and bonuses as they struggle to attract and retain workers.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, India, Russia

G20. Roma. Cina, Russia ed India non vogliono abbandonare il carbone.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-22.

Buco nell'acqua. Lago Berryessa. California. 001

Buco nell’acqua.


Il G20 è la periodica riunione dei venti stati economicamente più progrediti a livello mondiale.

La riunione che si terrà dal 30 al 31 ottobre a Roma non verterà però sui problemi economici mondiali, come la stagflazione e la crisi del debito pubblico.

Tutto il programma è centrato sull’abbandono del carbone quale fonte energetica.

Ma sembrerebbe essere verosimile che sia un grandioso buco nell’acqua.

Cina, Russia ed India non intendono minimamente abbandonare il carbone quale fonte energetica.

Né Mr Xi né Mr Putin saranno presenti.

* * * * * * *

«Rome G20 precedes UN ‘COP 26’ climate meeting in Scotland»

«Phasing out coal a big hurdle ahead of Rome Oct. 30-31 meeting»

«Chinese, Russian leaders unlikely to be in Rome»

«The Group of 20 rich countries are divided over phasing out coal and committing to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius as they prepare for a crucial summit in Rome next week»

«The need to curb emissions will be high on the agenda of the Rome G20 gathering on Oct. 30-31, seen as a key stepping stone immediately ahead of broader United Nations climate talks, called COP 26, to be held in Glasgow, Scotland»

«So far big polluters such as China and India have dug in their heels and little progress has been made»

«the problem is in the commitment to 1.5 degrees and in the phase out of coal and fossil fuels by China, India and Russia»

«They also failed to reach unanimous agreement on fixing dates to end fossil fuel subsidies, halt international financing of coal projects and phase out coal power altogether»

«→→ At least four G20 leaders are not expected to come to Rome, including China’s Xi Jinping, at the helm of the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, head of the largest energy producer ←←»

«→→ Neither Russia, China nor India have committed to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050 ←←»

«→→ So far China is proving most reluctant to commit to the 1.5 degree ceiling, while India is most intransigent in not pledging net zero emissions by 2050 ←←»

* * * * * * *

Senza un accordo con Cina, Russia ed India, sarà una riunione utile solo a sancire la morte del ‘clima’, sempre poi che sia mai esistito.

* * * * * * *


G20 split over coal, 1.5 degree climate limit ahead of Rome summit – sources.

– Rome G20 precedes UN ‘COP 26’ climate meeting in Scotland

– Phasing out coal a big hurdle ahead of Rome Oct. 30-31 meeting

– Progress seen unlikely before sherpas meet next week

– Chinese, Russian leaders unlikely to be in Rome

*

Rome, Oct 21 (Reuters) – The Group of 20 rich countries are divided over phasing out coal and committing to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius as they prepare for a crucial summit in Rome next week, sources familiar with the negotiations said.

The need to curb emissions will be high on the agenda of the Rome G20 gathering on Oct. 30-31, seen as a key stepping stone immediately ahead of broader United Nations climate talks, called COP 26, to be held in Glasgow, Scotland.

So far big polluters such as China and India have dug in their heels and little progress has been made since G20 energy and environment ministers met in Naples in July, said three sources, asking not to be named due to the sensitivity of the talks.

“Countries are not moving, at the moment they are still just making sure their positions are heard loud and clear,” said one of the sources.

However he added that such intransigence was normal at this stage and any concessions were unlikely to come before G20 climate sherpas meet face-to-face next Thursday and Friday, immediately before their leaders’ weekend meeting.

“Where I see the problem is in the commitment to 1.5 degrees and in the phase out of coal and fossil fuels by China, India and Russia,” said another source, a G20 minister.

In Naples, energy and environment ministers recognised the desirability of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees but fell short of a clear commitment to achieve the goal.

They also failed to reach unanimous agreement on fixing dates to end fossil fuel subsidies, halt international financing of coal projects and phase out coal power altogether, asking leaders to bridge the gaps at the upcoming Rome summit.

                         BIG-HITTERS STAY HOME.

At least four G20 leaders are not expected to come to Rome, including China’s Xi Jinping, at the helm of the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, head of the largest energy producer.

One source said while such absences were “not a great political signal,” they would not necessarily prevent progress.

Neither Russia, China nor India have committed to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, considered a vital goal in limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees.

So far China is proving most reluctant to commit to the 1.5 degree ceiling, while India is most intransigent in not pledging net zero emissions by 2050, one of the sources said.

China and India are also among a group of countries that have not yet presented new national plans, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) ahead of COP 26, on how they will help curb climate change.

The COP26 president, Britain’s Alok Sharma, said in a speech this month the G20, which accounts for 80% of global emissions, would be “make, or break” for achieving success in Glasgow.

However, one of the sources said breakthroughs were more likely in Glasgow than in Rome.

Big emitters like China, India and Russia tend to feel pressured and hectored by the Western countries at the G20, he said, making them defensive and reluctant to concede ground.

The much larger UN forum was more “neutral” and conducive to compromise, he said.

The Rome G20 will also focus on the coronavirus pandemic and how to foster global economic recovery, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, who will chair the meeting, said on Wednesday.

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, Devoluzione socialismo

Italia. Dacci oggi il nostro pane quotidiano. Listino prezzi. La fame si avvicina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-21.

2021-10-19__Pane 001

Togliamoci immediatamente dalla testa alcune idee davvero bislacche, del tutto illogiche.

Avere da magiare non è per nulla un ‘diritto fondamentale ed inalienabile’. Tale ‘diritto’ semplicemente non esiste.

Chi voglia mangiare deve comprare il cibo, arrancando i soldi di sua tasca. Il panettiere non regala nulla a nessuno, così come il macellaio e tutti gli altri venditori.

La massaia che va a fare la spesa vive felicemente ignorando cosa siano PPI, CPI, CED e così via, tutti indici che preludono però ad un aumento dei prezzi. Ma tocca con mano gli aumenti del cibo.

Quello riportato in Tabella è il listino prezzi medi del pane. Come si constata, ben difficilmente si potrebbe trovare del pane a meno di quattro euro al kilo.

Un anno fa questi prezzi erano circa la metà.

I prezzi attuali sono determinati dagli aumenti dei prezzi della farina e degli altri ingredienti, della corrente elettrica, delle tasse. Ed anche con questi prezzi l’utile netto che resta ai panettieri è risicato. Molti hanno dovuto chiudere. Ma l’inettitudine di codesto governo è elemento non da poco.

Ma un poveraccio che guadagnasse 1,200 euro al mese, già un buon stipendio, e che decidesse di mangiare soltanto un kilo di pane al giorno, spenderebbe 120 euro al mese per il scarno desinare. Se poi volesse intingerlo nel latte, la spesa si raddoppierebbe.

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L’inflazione è una gran brutta bestia: se poi associasse a stasi produttiva, ossia la stagflazione, diventa una delle peggiori iatture possibili.

Ha però alcuni aspetti utili.

Presi nel gorgo dell’inflazione, i Cittadini finalmente si rendono conto della reale situazione del sistema economico.

Non solo.

L’inflazione è democratica. La pagano tutti, nessuno escluso. Anche gli illicenziabili ed inamovibili dipendenti delle pubbliche amministrazioni.

Molti coniugi ci penseranno sopra più volte prima di separarsi, se non altro per gli evidenti danni economici.

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In ogni caso, ci si metta l’animo in pace. Siamo solo agli inizi, ed il futuro si preannuncia essere tetro. Weimar è alle porte.