Pubblicato in: Persona Umana, Religioni

SS Benedetto XVI. Dio glielo aveva promesso e Dio è stato di parola.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-31.

2022-12-31__ B16 001

Si moltiplicano i messaggi di cordoglio da ogni parte del mondo per la morte del Papa emerito Benedetto XVI.

Aveva 95 anni.

Sergio Mattarella.

“La morte del Papa emerito Benedetto XVI è un lutto per l’Italia. La sua dolcezza e la sua sapienza hanno beneficato la nostra comunità e l’intera comunità internazionale. Con dedizione ha continuato a servire la causa della sua Chiesa nella veste inedita di Papa emerito con umiltà e serenità. La sua figura rimane indimenticabile per il popolo italiano. Intellettuale e teologo ha interpretato con finezza le ragioni del dialogo, della pace, della dignità della persona, come interessi supremi delle religioni. Con gratitudine guardiamo alla sua testimonianza e al suo esempio”. Lo dice il Presidente della Repubblica

Giorgia Meloni. “Benedetto XVI è stato un gigante della fede e della ragione. Un uomo innamorato del Signore che ha messo la sua vita al servizio della Chiesa universale e ha parlato, e continuerà a parlare, al cuore e alla mente degli uomini con la profondità spirituale, culturale e intellettuale del suo Magistero. Un cristiano, un pastore, un teologo: un grande della storia che la storia non dimenticherà”. Lo dichiara la presidente del Consiglio. “Ho espresso al Santo Padre Francesco – aggiunge – la partecipazione del Governo e mia personale al dolore suo e dell’intera comunità ecclesiale”.

Olaf Scholz, il mondo perde “una figura eccezionale” della Chiesa cattolica. Così il cancelliere tedesco

Emmanuel Macron, “I miei pensieri sono con i cattolici di Francia e del mondo, in lutto per la partenza di Sua Santità Benedetto XVI, che ha lavorato con anima e intelligenza per un mondo più fraterno”, ha twittato il capo di Stato francese

Rishi Sunak, premier britannico si è detto oggi “addolorato” per la morte del “grande teologo” Benedetto XVI. 

Giorgio Napolitano. Memorie e vincoli di stima e di rispettosa amicizia mi legavano a Sua Santità Benedetto XVI, sviluppatisi in particolare negli anni trascorsi come Presidente della Repubblica Italiana. Pur provenendo da esperienze intellettuali e umane lontane e differenti – ha scritto l’ex Presidente della Repubblica – con il Pontefice allora potei sviluppare una condivisione di ansie e intenti e una consuetudine di riflessione sul futuro dell’Italia e dell’Europa. Fu per me un’esperienza di rilevante intensità spirituale, culturale e umana, segnata dall’interazione positiva di mondi diversi e aiutata anche dal comune amore per la musica.

Padre Federico Lombardi, l’eredità che ci lascia è quella caratteristica di un teologo chiamato alla sede di Pietro, che ha confermato nella fede i suoi fratelli con l’insegnamento, il servizio sacramentale e la testimonianza di vita”. Si conclude così un lungo editoriale della rivista dei Gesuiti, Civiltà Cattolica

Robert Sarah, “Dio creatore del Cielo e della Terra, ti chiediamo di accogliere nella tua eternità il nostro caro Papa Benedetto. La sua anima riposa in pace. “Ho combattuto la buona battaglia, ho finito la gara, ho mantenuto la fede”. È questo il tweet che il cardinale africano, uno dei più stretti collaboratori di Benedetto XVI

Ignazio La Russa, “Santità, la scomparsa del Papa Emerito Benedetto XVI riempie tutti di grande tristezza: guida spirituale di notevole carisma ed esempio di fede profonda, pastore fermo e al tempo stesso mite, fine studioso e autore di numerosi saggi, ha rappresentato un punto di riferimento ben oltre la durata del Suo Pontificato. Così il presidente del Senato 

Lorenzo Fontana, “esprimo profondo cordoglio per la scomparsa di Benedetto XVI. Un grande uomo, teologo e Papa. Mi unisco, in questo triste momento, alla preghiera di tutta la comunità cattolica”. Così il presidente della Camera dei deputati

Eugenia Roccella, è stato fra i primi a vedere nella manipolazione dell’umano il pericolo più insidioso per gli stessi diritti sociali. E al crocevia della storia ha scommesso sul risveglio di un Occidente minacciato dall’esterno e più ancora dall’interno, da una deriva nichilista.

Alessandra Locatelli, “ciascuno di noi è il frutto di un pensiero di Dio. Ciascuno di noi è voluto, ciascuno è amato, ciascuno è necessario”. Lo scrive in un post su Facebook il ministro per le Disabilità  

Anna Maria Bernini, il suo pensiero continuerà ad illuminare la via di tutti coloro che hanno trovato in Papa Benedetto XVI un faro. Con grande commozione e sincero rimpianto perdiamo una delle più autorevoli guide spirituali e intellettuali della storia della Chiesa contemporanea”. Lo dichiara il ministro dell’Università e della ricerca

Giuseppe Valditara, “grande dolore per la perdita di una importante guida spirituale: Benedetto XVI, un Papa coraggioso e teologo raffinato”. E’ quanto scrive su Twitter il Ministro dell’istruzione e del merito

Attilio Fontana, “la Lombardia si unisce al cordoglio e alla preghiera per la morte del Papa Emerito, Benedetto XVI. Riposa in pace”. Così il governatore lombardo

Giovanni Toti, “addio a Papa emerito Benedetto XVI, colui che ha ridato fondamento alla ragione nel percorso di fede. La Liguria ricorda il suo viaggio nel maggio del 2008 tra Savona e Genova e per il mondo intero resterà un esempio di saggezza e devozione alla Chiesa. Un grande teologo, un papa che non dimenticheremo”. Così il presidente della Regione Liguria

Eugenio Giani, “oltre ai suoi grandi studi teologici Joseph Ratzinger passerà alla storia come il primo Papa che dopo sei secoli ha avuto il coraggio di dimettersi durante il suo mandato, lo ricorderemo per questo”. Così il presidente della Regione Toscana

Luca Zaia, “È un Papa che resterà sempre nei nostri pensieri. Un Pontefice che ha avuto un impegno importante, raccogliendo l’eredità e l’affetto della gente di Papa Giovanni Paolo II, che è stato un’icona, in un pontificato durato oltre 26 anni”. Così il presidente della Regione Veneto

Roberto Gualtieri, “Enorme cordoglio per la scomparsa del Papa Emerito Benedetto XVI, un grande teologo che col suo magistero ha saputo accompagnare la Chiesa nella contemporaneità. La città di Roma si stringe al dolore dei fedeli di tutto il mondo”. Lo scrive, su Twitter, il sindaco di Roma

Il cordoglio dei buddisti italiani: “Unione Buddhista Italiana si unisce al dolore della Chiesa Cattolica italiana e universale per la dipartita di Papa Benedetto XVI. Lo ricordiamo come uomo di profondo pensiero e ricerca teologica, attento al dialogo interreligioso. La sua statura di fine studioso si accompagnava alla sua mansuetudine. La sua rinuncia al trono pontificio fu un gesto che colpi l’intero mondo e la comunità dei credenti in qualsiasi fede”.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime, Unione Europea

Germania. Si ritorna al carbone. Eolico, fotovoltaico e Grüne alle ortiche.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-31.

2022-12-28__ germania 001

«the choice is to keep the lights on»

Germania. Si smantella il parco eolico di Garzweiler per ampliare la miniera di lignite.

Russia. Porta la Germania alla implosione. E con essa tutto il blocco europeo.

Germania. Consumatori imbufaliti dalla Shrinkflation. Inflazione mascherata.

Germania. Blocco del gas russo. Effetto domino dei fallimenti. Implosione della Germania.

Germania. Gas russo. Le banche tedesche parlano chiaramente di default.

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                         La Germania è destinata ad aumentare la sua dipendenza dal carbone mentre combatte una crisi energetica senza precedenti – anche a spese dei suoi ambiziosi obiettivi climatici. La più grande economia europea sta bruciando il combustibile fossile per l’elettricità al ritmo più veloce da almeno sei anni, come mostrano i dati compilati da Bloomberg. È anche pronta ad essere una delle poche nazioni ad aumentare le importazioni di carbone l’anno prossimo. In tutto il mondo, il carbone, altamente inquinante e relativamente economico, sta tornando in auge mentre i Paesi cercano di evitare che l’impennata dei costi energetici inneschi un crollo economico.

                         In tutto il mondo, il carbone altamente inquinante – e relativamente economico – sta tornando in auge mentre i Paesi cercano di evitare che l’impennata dei costi energetici inneschi un tracollo economico. In Europa, la crisi è più acuta dopo che la Russia ha ridotto le forniture di gas naturale in seguito alla guerra in Ucraina. La Germania sta cercando di bilanciare la priorità a breve termine di rafforzare la sicurezza energetica con l’obiettivo a lungo termine di azzerare le emissioni. Tutti mantengono i loro obiettivi climatici, ma è vero che quando ci si trova di fronte al dilemma se tenere le luci accese o diminuire le emissioni di carbonio, la scelta è quella di tenere le luci accese.

                         Per far fronte all’attuale crisi, il Paese ha temporaneamente ripristinato alcuni impianti a carbone che erano fuori servizio. Nella maggior parte dei Paesi, una quantità limitata di capacità elettrica a carbone sta tornando in servizio. Nel terzo trimestre, l’elettricità prodotta da carbone è stata superiore del 13.3% rispetto allo stesso periodo dell’anno precedente.

                         La rinascita del carbone in Germania ha due cause principali: l’abbandono del costoso gas naturale e l’aumento della domanda di energia elettrica da parte della Francia, dove la produzione di elettricità è stata frenata dalle interruzioni dei reattori nucleari.

* * * * * * *

«Germany is set to boost its reliance on coal as it battles an unprecedented energy crisis — even at the expense of its ambitious climate goals. Europe’s largest economy is burning the fossil fuel for electricity at the fastest pace in at least six years, data compiled by Bloomberg show. It’s also poised to be one of the few nations to increase coal imports next year. Across the globe, highly polluting — and relatively cheap — coal is making a comeback as countries seek to prevent soaring energy costs from triggering an economic meltdown»

«Across the globe, highly polluting — and relatively cheap — coal is making a comeback as countries seek to prevent soaring energy costs from triggering an economic meltdown. In Europe, the crisis is acute, after Russia curbed natural gas supplies in the fallout of its war in Ukraine. Germany is now trying to balance the short-term priority of bolstering energy security with the longer-term goal of net-zero emissions. Everyone is keeping their climate targets, but it’s true that when you face the dilemma to keep the lights on or decrease carbon emissions, the choice is to keep the lights on»

«To weather the current crisis, the country has temporarily brought back some coal plants that were offline. In most countries, a limited amount of coal power capacity is returning to service. In the third quarter, its electricity from coal-fired generation was 13.3% higher than the same period a year earlier»

«The German coal revival has two main causes: fuel switching away from expensive natural gas, and rising power demand from France, where electricity generation has been hobbled by nuclear-reactor outages.»

* * * * * * *


Germany Returns to Coal as Energy Security Trumps Climate Goals

(Bloomberg) — Germany is set to boost its reliance on coal as it battles an unprecedented energy crisis — even at the expense of its ambitious climate goals.

Europe’s largest economy is burning the fossil fuel for electricity at the fastest pace in at least six years, data compiled by Bloomberg show. It’s also poised to be one of the few nations to increase coal imports next year.

Across the globe, highly polluting — and relatively cheap — coal is making a comeback as countries seek to prevent soaring energy costs from triggering an economic meltdown. In Europe, the crisis is acute, after Russia curbed natural gas supplies in the fallout of its war in Ukraine. Germany is now trying to balance the short-term priority of bolstering energy security with the longer-term goal of net-zero emissions.

“Everyone is keeping their climate targets, but it’s true that when you face the dilemma to keep the lights on or decrease carbon emissions, the choice is to keep the lights on,” said Carlos Fernandez Alvarez, the acting head of gas, coal and power at the International Energy Agency.

Germany plans to phase out coal use by 2038, but the ruling coalition is pushing for an even earlier target of 2030. To weather the current crisis, the country has temporarily brought back some coal plants that were offline. In most countries, a limited amount of coal power capacity is returning to service. “Only in Germany, with 10 gigawatts, is the reversal at a significant scale,” the IEA said in a report.

Germany now generates more than a third of its electricity from coal-fired power plants, according to Destatis, the federal statistical office. In the third quarter, its electricity from coal-fired generation was 13.3% higher than the same period a year earlier, the agency said.

“The coal phase-out ideally by 2030 is not in question,” a spokeswoman for the German Economy Ministry said in a statement. “Against the backdrop of the crisis situation, the most important thing is that we have apparently succeeded in consuming significantly less energy in 2022, especially natural gas.”

Germany’s power-market interventions that have led to an increase in emissions are limited in time, and the country has accelerated the development of renewable energy, she said.

Revival’s Origins

The German coal revival has two main causes: fuel switching away from expensive natural gas, and rising power demand from France, where electricity generation has been hobbled by nuclear-reactor outages.

European gas prices spiked to record levels over the summer and remain about twice the five-year average for the time of year. Earlier this year, companies including power generator Steag GmbH brought back coal capacity due to soaring gas prices. Automaker Volkswagen AG also shelved a plan to switch away from coal at its Wolfsburg facility in Germany.

While both gas and coal prices have declined recently, it’s still more profitable to burn the dirtier fuel to produce electricity.

“Coal is coming back as a baseload generator,” said Guillaume Perret, who leads energy consultancy Perret Associates Ltd. “We think it will be less seasonal than it has been – with more coal-burning in summer, spring and autumn, as long as coal remains so much in the money versus gas and there remains a gas shortage.”

It’s possible that Germany’s emergency coal stations could be kept online as far into the future as December 2024, nine months after the government’s planned closure date, Perret added. He noted that the European Union and Turkey are the only major energy users worldwide expected to increase coal imports in 2023 compared to 2022.

This year Germany will also likely be a net exporter of electricity to France, the first time that has happened in record-keeping since at least 1990, according to Destatis.

At times this month, German electricity became as polluting as power produced in South Africa and India, after lower wind speeds curbed renewable generation and coal consumption spiked, according to Electricity Maps, an app that aggregates grid data.

There are some bright spots for Europe that may help it avoid burning coal. Gas prices have slumped as previously mild weather pushed back the start of the heating season, and the region has seen record levels of liquefied natural gas imports recently. Gas inventories remain above the seasonal average.

In addition, nuclear power in France has started to return. While some delays continue, reactor availability is now at about 68%, grid data show. That compares with about 50% in early November. Germany also plans to keep its three remaining nuclear plants online until at latest mid-April, beyond their original retirement date.

While Europe’s imports of coal are likely to rise, exactly how much of it is actually burned for power production is unpredictable, especially if hydropower increases in the region. Germany also increased its renewable energy generation by 2.9% on an annual basis in the third quarter of this year, according to Destatis.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Russia, Unione Europea

Russia. Vieta le vendite di gas e petrolio ai paesi con oil cap.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-30.

Russia Asiatica 001

«the issue will be decided by the Russian army»

«Altrimenti, la questione sarà decisa dall’esercito russo»

* * *

Russia, Iran. Il nuovo collegamento rapido tra Europa ed Oceano Indiano.

Ukraina. Russia. Lanciare i droni durante la notte blocca la contraerea ukraina.

Ukraina. La Russia prosegue imperterrita a lanciare attacchi con missili e droni.

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                         La Russia ha annunciato martedì di voler vietare le vendite di petrolio ai Paesi che rispettano il limite di prezzo imposto questo mese dall’Occidente, dando la risposta tanto attesa al passo più drammatico compiuto finora per limitare la capacità di Mosca di raccogliere fondi per la sua guerra in Ucraina. In base al limite di prezzo, entrato in vigore il 5 dicembre, i commercianti di petrolio devono promettere di non pagare più di 60 dollari al barile per il petrolio marittimo russo per mantenere l’accesso ai finanziamenti occidentali per aspetti cruciali del trasporto marittimo globale come le assicurazioni. La Russia è il secondo esportatore di petrolio al mondo dopo l’Arabia Saudita e qualsiasi interruzione delle sue vendite avrebbe conseguenze di vasta portata sulle forniture energetiche globali.

                         Il divieto del Cremlino bloccherebbe le vendite di petrolio greggio ai Paesi che partecipano al price cap dal 1° febbraio al 1° luglio 2023. Un divieto separato sui prodotti petroliferi raffinati, come la benzina e il diesel, entrerebbe in vigore in una data che sarà stabilita dal governo. Putin avrebbe l’autorità di annullare le misure in casi particolari. Il deficit di bilancio della Russia potrebbe essere più ampio del previsto 2% del PIL nel 2023, poiché il tetto del prezzo del petrolio comprime le entrate delle esportazioni russe – un ulteriore ostacolo fiscale per Mosca, che spende molto per la sua campagna militare in Ucraina.

                         Putin ha ripetutamente parlato del desiderio di colloqui di pace nei commenti degli ultimi giorni. Ma il suo ministro degli Esteri Sergei Lavrov ha chiarito che Mosca ha ancora una lista di precondizioni, tra cui il riconoscimento da parte dell’Ucraina della conquista con la forza da parte della Russia di circa un quinto del territorio ucraino, che dice di aver annesso. Il punto è semplice: soddisfatele per il vostro bene. Altrimenti, la questione sarà decisa dall’esercito russo.

                         Il presidente ucraino Volodymyr Zelenskyy ha dichiarato che, a causa degli attacchi alle infrastrutture energetiche dell’Ucraina, quasi nove milioni di persone sono attualmente senza corrente – pari a circa un quarto della popolazione del Paese.

* * * * * * *

«Russia announced on Tuesday it would ban oil sales to countries that abide by a price cap imposed this month by the West, giving its long-awaited response to the most dramatic step taken so far to limit Moscow’s ability to raise funds for its war in Ukraine. Under the price cap, which took effect on Dec. 5, oil traders must promise not to pay above $60 per barrel for Russian seaborne oil to retain access to Western financing for such crucial aspects of global shipping as insurance. Russia is the world’s second largest oil exporter after Saudi Arabia and any actual disruption to its sales would have far-reaching consequences for global energy supplies»

«The Kremlin ban would halt crude oil sales to countries participating in the price cap from Feb. 1-July 1, 2023. A separate ban on refined oil products such as gasoline and diesel would take effect on a date to be set by the government. Putin would have authority to overrule the measures in special cases. Russia’s budget deficit could be wider than the planned 2% of GDP in 2023 as the oil price cap squeezes Russia’s export income – an extra fiscal hurdle for Moscow as it spends heavily on its military campaign in Ukraine.»

«Putin has repeatedly spoken of a desire for peace talks in comments in recent days. But his foreign minister Sergei Lavrov made clear Moscow still has a list of preconditions, including that Ukraine recognize Russia’s conquest by force of around a fifth of Ukrainian territory, which it says it has annexed. The point is simple: Fulfil them for your own good. Otherwise, the issue will be decided by the Russian army»

«Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said that as a result of attacks on Ukraine’s energy infrastructure nearly nine million people were currently without power – equal to about a quarter of the country’s population»

* * * * * * *


Russia bans oil sales to countries that accept price cap.

Dec 27 2022.

– Russia announced on Tuesday it would ban oil sales to countries that abide by a price cap imposed this month by the West.

– Some analysts have said that the cap will have little immediate impact on the oil revenues that Moscow is earning, as the price for Russian oil has already fallen close to it.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said nearly 9 million Ukrainians were without electricity as a result of attacks on Ukraine’s energy infrastructure.

* * * * * * *

Russia announced on Tuesday it would ban oil sales to countries that abide by a price cap imposed this month by the West, giving its long-awaited response to the most dramatic step taken so far to limit Moscow’s ability to raise funds for its war in Ukraine.

Under the price cap, which took effect on Dec. 5, oil traders must promise not to pay above $60 per barrel for Russian seaborne oil to retain access to Western financing for such crucial aspects of global shipping as insurance.

The cap has been set close to the current price for Russian oil, but far below the prices at which Russia was able to sell it for much of the past year, when windfall energy profits helped Moscow offset the impact of financial sanctions.

Russia is the world’s second largest oil exporter after Saudi Arabia, and any actual disruption to its sales would have far-reaching consequences for global energy supplies.

A decree from President Vladimir Putin, published on a government portal and the Kremlin website, was presented as a direct response to “actions that are unfriendly and contradictory to international law by the United States and foreign states and international organisations joining them”.

The Kremlin ban would halt crude oil sales to countries participating in the price cap from Feb. 1-July 1, 2023. A separate ban on refined oil products such as gasoline and diesel would take effect on a date to be set by the government. Putin would have authority to overrule the measures in special cases.

The West’s price cap, unseen even in the times of the Cold War between the West and the Soviet Union, is aimed at crippling Russian state coffers and Moscow’s military efforts in Ukraine – without upsetting markets by actually blocking Russian supply.

According to Finance Minister Anton Siluanov, Russia’s budget deficit could be wider than the planned 2% of GDP in 2023 as the oil price cap squeezes Russia’s export income – an extra fiscal hurdle for Moscow as it spends heavily on its military campaign in Ukraine.

Some analysts have said that the cap will have little immediate impact on the oil revenues that Moscow is earning, as the price for Russian oil has already fallen close to it. But it could limit Moscow’s ability to profit from future price shocks.

                         Ghost town

Russian forces shelled and bombed towns and cities in eastern and southern Ukraine again on Tuesday. After a number of dramatic Ukrainian gains in the autumn, the war has entered a slow, grinding phase as bitter winter weather has set in at the front.

The heaviest fighting has been around the eastern city of Bakhmut, which Russia has been trying for months to storm at huge cost in lives, and further north in the cities of Svatove and Kreminna, where Ukraine is trying to break Russian defensive lines.

In Bakhmut, home to 70,000 people before the war and now mostly a bomb-wracked ghost town, Reuters reporters saw fires burning in a large residential building, while debris littered the streets and most buildings had had their windows blown out.

“Our building is destroyed. There was a shop in our building, now it’s not there anymore,” said Oleksandr, 85, adding he was the only remaining resident there.

Nearby, 73-year-old Pilaheia said she had long got used to the “constant explosions”.

Britain’s Ministry of Defence said in an update: “Russia continues to initiate frequent small-scale assaults in these areas (of Bakhmut and Svatove), although little territory has changed hands.”

Putin has repeatedly spoken of a desire for peace talks in comments in recent days. But his foreign minister Sergei Lavrov made clear Moscow still has a list of preconditions, including that Ukraine recognize Russia’s conquest by force of around a fifth of Ukrainian territory, which it says it has annexed.

Kyiv says it is winning the war and will never agree to relinquish its land.

TASS news agency quoted Lavrov as saying late on Monday: “Our proposals for the demilitarization and denazification of the territories controlled by the regime, the elimination of threats to Russia’s security emanating from there, including our new lands, are well known to the enemy.

“The point is simple: Fulfil them for your own good. Otherwise, the issue will be decided by the Russian army.”

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said that as a result of attacks on Ukraine’s energy infrastructure nearly nine million people were currently without power – equal to about a quarter of the country’s population.

Russia has openly been targeting Ukrainian energy infrastructure with missiles and drones since October, in what Kyiv says are strikes with no conceivable military purpose solely designed to harm civilians. Moscow says the aim is to reduce Ukraine’s ability to fight.

What had been intended as a campaign to subdue Ukraine within days has been a military fiasco for the Kremlin, whose forces were defeated on the outskirts of Kyiv in the spring and forced to flee other areas in the autumn.

Putin has responded by summoning hundreds of thousands of reservists for the first time since World War Two to fight in his “special military operation”.

In the latest humiliating setback for Russia’s military, a suspected Ukrainian drone reached the main base for Russia’s long-range strategic bomber fleet, hundreds of kilometres inside Russian air space, on Monday. Moscow said it had shot the drone down but acknowledged at least three servicemen were killed.

It was the second time the base had been hit since the start of December, a sign that Russia has yet to plug the gap in its air defences that made the audacious attack possible.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Finanza e Sistema Bancario

Musk. Il debito marginale

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-30.

2022-12-27__ Margin Debt 001

Per margin debt si intende l’ammontare di denaro che gli investitori hanno preso in prestito dalla propria banca per utilizzarlo per acquistare azioni.

Di norma si investono i risparmi, per fare fruttare la ricchezza accumulato  nel tempo con l’obiettivo di farla “fruttare”.

Esistono però alcune alcuni investitori particolarmente ingordi che vogliono investire più di quanto sia nelle loro disponibilità.

Quando si investe ricorrendo al margin debt, l’investitore si espone ad un rischio più elevato. Oltre a dover restituire quanto preso a prestito, dovrà pagare anche gli interessi sulle somme ricevute. Il solo eventuale capitale residuo rappresenta il guadagno. Ma mica è detto che debba andare bene.

Si guardi con attenzione il grafico. Sono cifre da capogiro, che possono essere monetizzate solamente in un mercato in perenne crescita.

* * * * * * *

                         Il miliardario Elon Musk mette in guardia da un’azione che lui stesso ha fatto – indebitarsi con il valore dei titoli che si possiedono – a causa del rischio di panico di massa nel mercato azionario. Consiglierei davvero alle persone di non avere margini di debito in un mercato azionario volatile e, dal punto di vista della liquidità, di tenere la polvere asciutta.

                         L’amministratore delegato di Tesla Inc. ha investito miliardi di denaro proprio quando ha acquistato Twitter Inc. per 44 miliardi di dollari all’inizio di quest’anno, caricando la società di 13 miliardi di dollari di debiti. I colloqui sui prestiti a margine di Tesla mostrano che la pressione su Musk e i banchieri sta aumentando. Ha anche ceduto quasi 40 miliardi di dollari di azioni Tesla, una mossa che ha contribuito a portare il titolo ai minimi di due anni.             

         A seguito delle ultime vendite, Musk ha nuovamente dichiarato questa settimana che smetterà di vendere azioni, aggiungendo che la pausa potrebbe durare circa due anni.

                         A dicembre 2020, Musk aveva 92 milioni di azioni Tesla in pegno come garanzia, secondo un documento della SEC dell’aprile 2022. L’avvertimento, almeno il secondo lanciato da Musk questo mese, è ironico dato che il miliardario ha già dato in pegno le sue azioni Tesla. Musk ha anche ribadito la sua convinzione che l’economia sia in ritardo per una recessione e che il rallentamento potrebbe essere simile alla portata vista nel 2009.

                         La mia ipotesi migliore è che avremo tempi burrascosi per un anno o un anno e mezzo, e poi, l’alba sorgerà all’incirca nel secondo trimestre del 2024, questa è la mia ipotesi migliore, ha detto Musk. I boom non durano per sempre, ma nemmeno le recessioni.

* * * * * * *

«Billionaire Elon Musk is warning against something he himself has done — borrowing against the value of securities one owns — because of the risk of “mass panic” in the stock market. I would really advise people not to have margin debt in a volatile stock market and you know, from a cash standpoint, keep powder dry»

«The Tesla Inc. chief executive officer put up billions of his own money when he purchased Twitter Inc. for $44 billion earlier this year and saddled the company with $13 billion of debt. Tesla Margin-Loan Talks Show Pressure Mounting on Musk, Bankers. He’s also disposed of nearly $40 billion of Tesla’s shares, a move that contributed to driving the stock to a two-year low. Following the latest sales, Musk again said this week he will stop selling shares, adding that the pause could last for two years or so»

«As of December 2020, Musk had 92 million Tesla shares pledged as collateral, according to an SEC filing in April 2022. The warning, at least the second made by Musk this month, is ironic given the billionaire has previously pledged his Tesla shares. Musk also reiterated his belief that the economy is overdue for a recession and that the slowdown could be similar to the scale seen in 2009.»

«My best guess is that we have stormy times for a year to a year and a half, and then, dawn breaks roughly in Q2 2024, that’s my best guess,” Musk said. “Booms don’t last forever, but neither do recessions.»

* * * * * * *


Musk Warns Against Margin Debt on Risk of Market ‘Mass Panic’.

(Bloomberg) — Billionaire Elon Musk is warning against something he himself has done — borrowing against the value of securities one owns — because of the risk of “mass panic” in the stock market.

“I would really advise people not to have margin debt in a volatile stock market and you know, from a cash standpoint, keep powder dry,” Musk said in the All-In podcast released Friday. “You can get some pretty extreme things happening in a down market.”

The Tesla Inc. chief executive officer put up billions of his own money when he purchased Twitter Inc. for $44 billion earlier this year and saddled the company with $13 billion of debt. Bloomberg News has reported that Musk’s bankers are considering replacing some of the high-interest debt he layered on Twitter with new margin loans backed by Tesla stock that he’d be personally responsible for re-paying.

Tesla Margin-Loan Talks Show Pressure Mounting on Musk, Bankers

He’s also disposed of nearly $40 billion of Tesla’s shares, a move that contributed to driving the stock to a two-year low. Following the latest sales, Musk again said this week he will stop selling shares, adding that the pause could last for two years or so.

The warning, at least the second made by Musk this month, is ironic given the billionaire has previously pledged his Tesla shares. As of December 2020, Musk had 92 million Tesla shares pledged as collateral, according to an SEC filing in April 2022.

During the podcast, Musk also reiterated his belief that the economy is overdue for a recession and that the slowdown could be similar to the scale seen in 2009.

“My best guess is that we have stormy times for a year to a year and a half, and then, dawn breaks roughly in Q2 2024, that’s my best guess,” Musk said. “Booms don’t last forever, but neither do recessions.”

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Russia

Lavrov. 9 milioni di ukraini (25%) sono senza corrente. Arrendetevi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-29.

Zelensky. 9 milioni senza elettricità 001

Zelenskiy.

«nearly nine million people were without electricity. That figure amounts to about a quarter of Ukraine’s population»

«Quasi nove milioni di persone sono rimaste senza elettricità. Questa cifra corrisponde a circa un quarto della popolazione ucraina»

* * * * * * *

                         Il ministro degli Esteri russo Sergei Lavrov ha dato lunedì all’Ucraina un ultimatum per soddisfare le proposte di Mosca, tra cui la consegna del territorio che la Russia controlla, o il suo esercito deciderà la questione, un giorno dopo che il presidente Vladimir Putin ha detto di essere aperto ai colloqui. Il punto è semplice: Eseguitele per il vostro bene. Altrimenti, la questione sarà decisa dall’esercito russo.

                         Putin ha ospitato lunedì a San Pietroburgo i leader di altri Stati ex sovietici per un vertice del gruppo della Comunità degli Stati Indipendenti, da cui l’Ucraina è uscita da tempo. Dobbiamo anche riconoscere, purtroppo, che i disaccordi sorgono anche tra gli Stati membri del Commonwealth. L’invasione dell’Ucraina ha messo alla prova la lunga autorità della Russia tra gli altri Stati ex-sovietici.

                         Il presidente ucraino Volodymyr Zelenskiy ha detto nel suo discorso video notturno di lunedì che la situazione al fronte nella regione del Donbas è difficile e dolorosa e richiede tutta la forza e la concentrazione del Paese. Ha affermato che, a causa dell’attacco russo alle infrastrutture energetiche ucraine, quasi nove milioni di persone sono rimaste senza elettricità. Questa cifra corrisponde a circa un quarto della popolazione ucraina.

* * * * * * *

«Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov gave Ukraine an ultimatum on Monday to fulfil Moscow’s proposals, including surrendering territory Russia controls, or its army would decide the issue, a day after President Vladimir Putin said he was open to talks. The point is simple: Fulfil them for your own good. Otherwise, the issue will be decided by the Russian army.»

«Putin hosted leaders of other former Soviet states in St Petersburg on Monday for a summit of the Commonwealth of Independent States group, which Ukraine has long since quit. We also have to acknowledge unfortunately that disagreements also arise between member states of the commonwealth. The invasion of Ukraine has been a test of Russia’s longstanding authority among other ex-Soviet states»

«Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said in his nightly video address on Monday that the situation at the front in the Donbas region was difficult and painful and required all of the country’s strength and concentration. He said that as a result of Russia’s targeting of Ukraine’s energy infrastructure nearly nine million people were without electricity. That figure amounts to about a quarter of Ukraine’s population.»

* * * * * * *


Russia Says Ukraine Must Surrender Even as Putin’s Army Retreats

Kyiv (Reuters) – Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov gave Ukraine an ultimatum on Monday to fulfil Moscow’s proposals, including surrendering territory Russia controls, or its army would decide the issue, a day after President Vladimir Putin said he was open to talks.

Kyiv and its Western allies have dismissed Putin’s offer to talk, with his forces battering Ukrainian towns with missiles and rockets and Moscow continuing to demand that Kyiv recognise its conquest of a fifth of the country.

Kyiv says it will fight until Russia withdraws.

“Our proposals for the demilitarization and denazification of the territories controlled by the regime, the elimination of threats to Russia’s security emanating from there, including our new lands, are well known to the enemy,” state news agency TASS quoted Lavrov as saying late on Monday.

“The point is simple: Fulfil them for your own good. Otherwise, the issue will be decided by the Russian army.”

Putin launched his invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24, calling it a “special operation” to “denazify” and demilitarise Ukraine, which he said was a threat to Russia. Kyiv and the West say Putin’s invasion was merely an imperialist land grab.

As the war entered its 11th month, Russian forces were engaged in fierce fighting in the east and south of Ukraine, after embarrassing battlefield setbacks.

On Monday, a drone believed to be Ukrainian penetrated hundreds of kilometres through Russian airspace, causing a deadly explosion at the main base for Moscow’s strategic bombers in the latest attack to expose gaps in its air defences.

Moscow on Monday said it had shot the drone down causing it to crash at the Engels air base, where three service members were killed. Ukraine did not comment, under its usual policy on incidents inside Russia.

The base, the main airfield for the bombers that Kyiv says Moscow has used to attack Ukrainian civilian infrastructure, is hundreds of miles from the Ukrainian frontier. The same planes are also designed to launch nuclear-capable missiles as part of Russia’s long-term strategic deterrent.

The Russian defence ministry said in a statement no planes were damaged, but Russian and Ukrainian social media accounts said several had been destroyed. Reuters was not able to independently verify the reports.

Putin hosted leaders of other former Soviet states in St Petersburg on Monday for a summit of the Commonwealth of Independent States group, which Ukraine has long since quit.

In televised remarks, Putin made no direct reference to the war, while saying threats to the security and stability of the Eurasian region were increasing.

“Unfortunately challenges and threats in this area, especially from the outside, are only growing each year,” he said.

“We also have to acknowledge unfortunately that disagreements also arise between member states of the commonwealth.”

The invasion of Ukraine has been a test of Russia’s longstanding authority among other ex-Soviet states.

Fighting has surged in recent months between CIS members Armenia and Azerbaijan in a conflict where Russia has sent peacekeepers, while a border dispute has flared between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Putin said such disagreements should be resolved through “comradely help and mediating action”.

                         Nine million without power

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said in his nightly video address on Monday that the situation at the front in the Donbas region was “difficult and painful” and required all of the country’s “strength and concentration”.

He said that as a result of Russia’s targeting of Ukraine’s energy infrastructure nearly nine million people were without electricity. That figure amounts to about a quarter of Ukraine’s population.

Since the invasion, Ukraine has driven Russian forces from the north, defeated them on the outskirts of the capital Kyiv and forced Russian retreats in the east and south. But Moscow still controls swathes of eastern and southern land Putin claims to have annexed.

Tens of thousands of Ukrainian civilians have died in cities Russia razed to the ground, and thousands of troops on both sides have been killed, forcing Putin to call up hundreds of thousands of reservists for the first time since World War Two.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Russia, Unione Europea

Russia. Le sanzioni europee aumenteranno il petrolio a 535 milioni di tonnellate.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-29.

Mela con il Coltello tra i Denti.

  

                         La Russia potrebbe aumentare le esportazioni di greggio se il divieto dell’UE taglierà la raffinazione.

                            Quest’anno la Russia potrebbe produrre 535 milioni di tonnellate di petrolio.

                         La Russia potrebbe aumentare le esportazioni di greggio se il divieto dell’Unione Europea di importare il carburante nazionale dovesse comportare una riduzione della produzione delle raffinerie, ha dichiarato il vice primo ministro Alexander Novak in un’intervista alla Tass.

                         Se ci sono problemi con la vendita di prodotti petroliferi, la raffinazione del petrolio può essere in qualche misura sostituita da volumi aggiuntivi di esportazioni di petrolio, ha detto Novak. C’è ancora la possibilità che il divieto dell’UE non influisca affatto sulla raffinazione del petrolio russo.

                         Il divieto dell’UE sulle importazioni russe di prodotti petroliferi è in vigore dal 5 febbraio e si aggiunge alla restrizione sulle importazioni di greggio imposta all’inizio di dicembre.

                         La Russia dichiara che potrebbe ridurre la produzione giornaliera di petrolio di 700,000 barili

                         La Russia produrrà almeno 490-500 milioni di tonnellate di petrolio l’anno prossimo, ha dichiarato domenica Novak, ribadendo le sue precedenti stime. Ciò equivale a circa 9.84 milioni-10.04 milioni di barili al giorno, sulla base di un rapporto di 7.33 barili per tonnellata.

                         Quest’anno la Russia potrebbe produrre 535 milioni di tonnellate di petrolio, ha dichiarato Novak venerdì in un’intervista al canale televisivo Rossiya-24.

* * * * * * *


Russia May Raise Crude Oil Exports if EU Ban Cuts Refining

Vice prime-minister Alexander Novak said Russia may increase its oil exports.

Russia may produce 535 million tons of oil this year .

Russia may increase its crude oil exports if the European Union ban on imports of the nation’s fuel results in lower refinery throughput, vice prime-minister Alexander Novak said in an interview to Tass.

“If there are problems with the sale of petroleum products, oil refining to some extent can be replaced by additional volumes of oil exports,” Novak said. There’s still a possibility that the EU ban won’t affect Russian oil refining at all, he said. 

The EU’s ban on Russian oil-product imports comes in force from Feb. 5, and is on top of the crude imports restriction imposed from early December.

Russia says it may cut daily oil output by 700,000 barrels

Russia will produce at least some 490 million to 500 million tons of oil next year, Novak said on Sunday reiterating his earlier estimates. That’s the equivalent to some 9.84 million to 10.04 million barrels per day, based on the 7.33 barrel-per-ton ratio. 

This year Russia may produce 535 million tons of oil, Novak said on Friday in an interview with Rossiya-24 TV channel.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Mondiale, Russia, Stati Uniti

Zelenskiy. Faremo non significa ho fatto. È un morto che cammina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-28.

2022-12-12__ Zelensky quale è 001

Si faccia una grande attenzione.

Il termine ‘stanzieremo’ non significa che alla fine lo stanziamento sia approvato.

Il termine ‘abbiamo stanziato’ non significa minimamente che i denari siano lì, pronti all’uso.

L’aver approvato una misura di spesa da 1,700 miliardi di dollari da parte della Camera dei Deputati non significa minimamente che vi sia disponibile quel trilione e settecentomila di dollari.

* * *

Il tre di gennaio entrerà in carica il nuovo congresso eletto alle elezioni di midterm. Tutti codesti generatori di parole a vanvera ritorneranno alle loro occupazioni confacenti, ed il congresso sarà a guida repubblicana.

La Ukraina avrebbe importato in poco meno di un mese 500,000 generatori elettrici? E come mai potrebbe alimentarli? E come mai li avrebbe trasportati? Con i dromedari? Una autocolonna da mezzo milione di automezzi? Bloomberg ci prende per imbecilli.

Intanto l’Ukraina è al buio, al gelo ed alla fame.

Questo è il dato di fatto.

* * * * * * *

                         Il Presidente Volodymyr Zelenskiy ha dichiarato che l’Ucraina si sta preparando ad affrontare diverse varianti di azioni da parte della Russia a seguito di una riunione di venerdì con i suoi principali comandanti militari. I funzionari ucraini hanno avvertito che la Russia potrebbe organizzare un’altra grande offensiva durante l’inverno, compreso un secondo tentativo di catturare Kiev. Il Congresso degli Stati Uniti ha approvato e inviato al Presidente Joe Biden un’ampia legge di finanziamento del governo che include 47 miliardi di dollari per l’Ucraina. Il Congresso approva una legge di finanziamento da 1,700 miliardi di dollari con aiuti all’Ucraina. La Russia dice che potrebbe ridurre la produzione giornaliera di petrolio di 700,000 barili.

                         Nelle ultime 24 ore, le truppe russe hanno effettuato tre attacchi missilistici e 10 aerei, anche contro infrastrutture civili nella regione di Donetsk, secondo lo Stato Maggiore ucraino. Inoltre, le truppe del Cremlino hanno lanciato 62 attacchi con lanciarazzi multipli, causando danni alle strutture civili nella città di Kherson, con vittime tra i cittadini locali.

                         Il governo ucraino ha in programma di migliorare il proprio servizio diplomatico e di rafforzare le proprie ambasciate, soprattutto nei Paesi del Sud globale, tra cui l’America Latina, le nazioni asiatiche e la regione del Pacifico, ha dichiarato Zelenskiy.

                         Pelosi elogia i 47 miliardi di dollari di assistenza. L’approvazione della misura di spesa da 1,700 miliardi di dollari da parte della Camera dei Deputati convoglia 47 miliardi di dollari verso lo sforzo di aiutare l’Ucraina a difendersi dalla Russia. Il provvedimento è arrivato due giorni dopo che il presidente ucraino Volodymyr Zelenskiy si è rivolto a entrambe le camere del Congresso nel suo primo viaggio al di fuori della sua patria devastata dalla guerra dall’inizio dell’invasione a febbraio.

                         I cittadini e le imprese ucraine hanno importato circa 500,000 generatori di varia capacità per soddisfare il fabbisogno energetico tra i timori di interruzioni permanenti di corrente. Più di 200 carichi di attrezzature energetiche sono già arrivati in Ucraina.

* * * * * * *

«President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said Ukraine is bracing for “different variants of actions” by Russia following a meeting on Friday with his top military commanders. Ukrainian officials have warned that Russia may mount another big offensive during the winter, including a second attempt to capture Kyiv. The US Congress passed and sent to President Joe Biden a sweeping government funding bill that includes $47 billion for Ukraine. Congress clears $1.7 trillion funding bill with Ukraine aid. Russia Says It May Cut Daily Oil Output by 700,000 Barrels»

«Over the past 24 hours, Russia’s troops carried out three missile- and 10 air-strikes, including on civilian infrastructure in Donetsk region, according to Ukraine’s Military Staff. On top of that, Kremlin troops launched 62 attacks by multiple rocket launchers, causing damage to civilian facilities in the city of Kherson, with casualties among local citizens.»

«Ukraine’s government plans to upgrade its diplomatic service and strengthen its embassies, foremost in the countries of the Global South including Latin America, Asian nations, and the Pacific region, Zelenskiy said.»

«Pelosi Praises $47 Billion in Assistance. Passage of the spending $1.7 trillion spending measure by the House funnels $47 billion toward the effort to help Ukraine’s defense against Russia. It came two days after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy addressed both houses of Congress in his first trip outside his war-torn homeland since the invasion began in February.»

«Ukraine’s citizens and business have imported some 500,000 generators of varying capacity to meet energy needs amid fears of permanent power cuts. More than 200 cargoes with energy equipment have already arrived in Ukraine»

* * * * * * *


Ukraine Latest: Zelenskiy Says Bracing for Russia’s Next Move

President Volodymyr Zelenskiy said Ukraine is bracing for “different variants of actions” by Russia following a meeting on Friday with his top military commanders. Ukrainian officials have warned that Russia may mount another big offensive during the winter, including a second attempt to capture Kyiv.

The US Congress passed and sent to President Joe Biden a sweeping government funding bill that includes $47 billion for Ukraine.

Russia’s economy is forecast to contract by 2.7% next year on the heels of the 2022 3.3% decline, before potentially expanding in 2024, according to a survey of economists.

(See RSAN on the Bloomberg Terminal for the Russian Sanctions Dashboard.)

                         Key Developments

– Congress Clears $1.7 Trillion Funding Bill With Ukraine Aid

– Russia Says It May Cut Daily Oil Output by 700,000 Barrels

– Warmth Drags European Gas to Biggest Weekly Drop Since September

– A 35-Year-Old Tycoon Targets the Country Where He’s Sanctioned

                         On the Ground

Ukraine’s troops continue to repel Russia’s attacks in the eastern Donetsk and Luhansk regions. Over the past 24 hours, Russia’s troops carried out three missile- and 10 air-strikes, including on civilian infrastructure in Donetsk region, according to Ukraine’s Military Staff. On top of that, Kremlin troops launched 62 attacks by multiple rocket launchers, causing damage to civilian facilities in the city of Kherson, with casualties among local citizens.

Zelenskiy Says Ukraine Bracing for ‘Different Variants’ by Russia (8:30 a.m.)

Ukraine’s president said the country’s armed forces are preparing for “different variants of actions” by Russia, following a meeting with top military staff on Friday. The comments, in Zelenskiy’s nightly video address, came amid growing concerns that Kremlin may renew its offensive from the north, including another push toward Kyiv.

The US military has said it doesn’t see an indication of a coming offensive by Kremlin troops, thousands of whom are training in Belarus. Even so, it’s a possibility that must be taken seriously, said analysts at the Institute for the Study of War.

“Moscow has been setting conditions for a new ‘most dangerous course of action,’ a renewed invasion of northern Ukraine possibly aimed at Kyiv,” since at least October,” the US-based analysts said. “This MDCOA could be a Russian info op or could reflect Putin’s real intentions.”

                         Russian ‘Land Grab’ Mustn’t be Rewarded: German President (8 a.m.)

While an end to the Kremlin’s invasion of Ukraine doesn’t seem likely anytime soon, any peace deal must not reward Russia’s “land grab” or abandon the Ukrainian people to “the despotism and violence of their occupiers,” said German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier.

“Until peace can be achieved, it is an imperative of humanity that we stand by the attacked, the threatened and the oppressed,” Steinmeier said Saturday in an address to the nation. Europe is experiencing “rough times” and “facing headwinds” but nations on the continent have closed ranks and Germany is “rising to the challenge,” he added.

Ukraine Stepping Up Diplomacy in Africa, Latin America, Asia (7:10 a.m.)

Ukraine’s government plans to upgrade its diplomatic service and strengthen its embassies, foremost in the countries of the Global South including Latin America, Asian nations, and the Pacific region, Zelenskiy said.

“The first are the countries in which our influence is still less than we need from the point of view of the national security of Ukraine and the interests of our people,” he said in his regular nightly statement after meeting on Friday with the nation’s entire diplomatic corps.

                         Pelosi Praises $47 Billion in Assistance (11 p.m.)

Passage of the spending $1.7 trillion spending measure by the House funnels $47 billion toward the effort to help Ukraine’s defense against Russia. It came two days after Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy addressed both houses of Congress in his first trip outside his war-torn homeland since the invasion began in February.

“As the president of Ukraine said the other night, it isn’t about charity. It is about security,” said House Speaker Nancy Pelosi in her last floor speech as speaker.

The measure adds to the more than $65 billion already appropriated this year to address the conflict.

IAEA’s Grossi Had ‘Hours-Long’ Talks in Moscow (3:37 p.m.)

Rafael Mariano Grossi, director general of the UN’s International Atomic Energy Agency, had a lengthy meeting in Moscow on Thursday on his proposal to create a safety and security zone around Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant, which is occupied by Russian forces.

Grossi met with officials including Alexey Likhachev, director general of Russian state nuclear company Rosatom, after several recent meetings with Ukrainian officials in Kyiv. Discussions will continue, the IAEA said in a statement on its website.

“It’s key that the zone focuses solely on preventing a nuclear accident,” Grossi said. “The plant is located on an active frontline in the middle of a large-scale war. The situation remains extremely precarious.”

                         Ukraine Has Imported Half a Million Generators (2:25 p.m.)

Ukraine’s citizens and business have imported some 500,000 generators of varying capacity to meet energy needs amid fears of permanent power cuts, Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal said at cabinet meeting.

“Our partners also provide large generating sets capable of powering important facilities – hospitals or water supply pumping station,” Shmyhal said. “More than 200 cargoes with energy equipment have already arrived in Ukraine.”

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Russia

Russia. Il rublo si è rafforzato dopo il tonfo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-28.

2022-12-28__ Rublo 001

                         Mosca, 26 dicembre (Reuters) – Il rublo russo si è nettamente rafforzato in una seduta volatile lunedì, recuperando terreno dopo il più grande crollo settimanale dall’inizio di luglio sui timori per l’impatto delle sanzioni per il petrolio e il gas sui ricavi delle esportazioni russe.

                         Il rublo ha perso circa l’8% la scorsa settimana ed è sceso di oltre il 10% questo mese dopo l’entrata in vigore dell’embargo sul petrolio e del tetto ai prezzi. Il ministero delle Finanze ha dichiarato che il recente calo è legato alla ripresa delle importazioni.

                         Alle 0748 GMT il rublo era più forte del 2.8% rispetto al dollaro, a 68.31 . Il rublo è salito del 4.4% rispetto all’euro, a 72.4, ed è aumentato del 2.1% rispetto allo yuan, a 9.71.

                         L’attività di trading sarà probabilmente leggera lunedì, ha dichiarato Otkritie Research in una nota, con il rublo in grado di rafforzarsi nel periodo fiscale di fine mese, che di solito vede gli esportatori russi convertire le entrate in valuta estera per pagare le passività locali.

                         Il rublo rimane una delle valute più performanti al mondo rispetto al dollaro quest’anno, sostenuto dai controlli sui capitali e dalla riduzione delle importazioni, ma nell’ultima settimana ha perso il primato a favore del real brasiliano.

                         Il greggio Brent, punto di riferimento globale per le principali esportazioni russe, è salito a un massimo di quasi tre settimane nell’ultima sessione di trading prima della pausa natalizia, con un ultimo rialzo del 3.7% a 84.0 dollari al barile.

                         I titoli azionari russi sono aumentati.

                         È probabile che gli investitori riequilibrino i loro portafogli nell’ultima settimana dell’anno, il che potrebbe far muovere il mercato in entrambe le direzioni, ha dichiarato la Sinara Investment Bank.

                         L’indice RTS, denominato in dollari, è salito del 2.1% a 983.4 punti, mentre l’indice MOEX russo, basato sul rublo, ha guadagnato lo 0.3% a 2,130.6 punti.

* * * * * * *


Volatile rouble recovers ground after biggest weekly slump since July.

MOSCOW, Dec 26 (Reuters) – The Russian rouble strengthened sharply in a volatile session on Monday, recovering some ground after its largest weekly slump since early July on fears over the impact of oil and gas sanctions on Russia’s export revenue.

The rouble lost about 8% last week and is down over 10% this month after an oil embargo and price cap came into force. The finance ministry has said the recent decline was related to recovering imports.

By 0748 GMT the rouble was 2.8% stronger against the dollar at 68.31 . It was up 4.4% against the euro at 72.4 and firmed 2.1% against the yuan to 9.71.

Trading activity is likely to be light on Monday, Otkritie Research said in a note, with the rouble able to strengthen in the continuing month-end tax period, which usually sees Russian exporters convert foreign exchange revenue to pay local liabilities.

The rouble remains one of the world’s best-performing major currencies against the dollar this year, supported by capital controls and reduced imports, but it has lost top spot to Brazil’s real in the past week.

Brent crude oil , a global benchmark for Russia’s main export, climbed to a near three-week high in its final trading session before the Christmas break, last up 3.7% at $84.0 a barrel.

Russian equities were higher.

Investors are likely to rebalance their portfolios in the final week of the year, which could move the market in either direction, Sinara Investment Bank said.

The dollar-denominated RTS index was up 2.1% at 983.4 points while the rouble-based MOEX Russian index gained 0.3% to 2,130.6 points.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Russia

Moroz e Zima incoronano vincitore il Presidente Putin.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-27.

2022-12-25__ Kyiv al buio 001

                         I missili e i droni russi hanno colpito le infrastrutture privandole dell’elettricità e del calore a temperature sotto lo zero.

                         Al calar della notte, la capitale ucraina è sprofondata in un’oscurità quasi totale.

                         La capitale ucraina e la regione circostante sono di nuovo vittime di gravi interruzioni di corrente.

                         Anche l’accesso al cibo e all’acqua è stato drammaticamente influenzato dalle interruzioni di corrente.

                         La società elettrica che gestisce la rete di distribuzione dice di non poter più sostituire le apparecchiature danneggiate dagli attacchi russi.

                         Ci vogliono dai sei agli otto mesi per produrre queste apparecchiature, ma le fabbriche ucraine sono ferme.

* * * * * * *

«Russian missile and drone strikes on infrastructure that have deprived them of electricity and heat in sub-zero temperatures»

«As night falls, Ukraine’s capital is plunged into near-total darkness.»

«Ukrainian capital and its surrounding region are once again experiencing severe power cuts»

«Access to food and water have also been dramatically affected by the power cuts»

«The electricity company that manages the distribution network says it can no longer replace equipment damaged by Russian strikes»

«It takes six to eight months to manufacture such equipment, but Ukrainian factories are at a standstill»

* * * * * * *


After nightfall, Kyiv is plunged into darkness.

Issued on: 22/12/2022 – 10:21.

 People in and around the Ukrainian capital Kyiv are enduring power cuts caused by weeks of Russian missile and drone strikes on infrastructure that have deprived them of electricity and heat in sub-zero temperatures. As night falls, Ukraine’s capital is plunged into near-total darkness. 

Following the drone strikes that targeted Ukraine on Sunday night, the Ukrainian capital and its surrounding region are once again experiencing severe power cuts. Only 20% of the city’s electricity resources are currently operational, according to Ukrainian officials. Access to food and water have also been dramatically affected by the power cuts.

The electricity company that manages the distribution network says it can no longer replace equipment damaged by Russian strikes. It takes six to eight months to manufacture such equipment, but Ukrainian factories are at a standstill.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Medio Oriente

Israele. I palestinesi temono con ragione la salita al potere di Mr Benjamin Netanyahu.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-27.

Giulio Romano. Palazzo Gonzaga. Sala dei giganti. 003

I liberal democratici americani odiano di odio mortale e viscerale Netanyahu, che ha stravinto le ultime elezioni politiche in Israele.

Questa mutazione non sarebbe stata possibile senza che gli Elettori americani avessero tolto il controllo del congresso ai democratici, lasciando così Joe Biden del tutto impotente a proteggere i suoi antichi supporter, quali i palestinesi, per non parlare poi dei promotori di ogni degenerazione.

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Netanyahu signs Israel coalition deal with anti-LGBT Noam party.

«Benjamin Netanyahu’s Likud party has signed a deal to give an Israeli government post to an openly homophobic ultra-nationalist party leader.

It is the latest development set to give far-right parties unprecedented power within Israel’s ruling coalition.

Avi Maoz will be a deputy minister and run a “Jewish identity” authority.

He heads Noam, a religious-nationalist, anti-Arab and anti-LGBTQ party that argues for a strict interpretation of Jewish religious laws in Israel.»

«Il partito Likud di Benjamin Netanyahu ha firmato un accordo per assegnare un posto di governo israeliano a un leader del partito ultranazionalista apertamente omofobo.

È l’ultimo sviluppo destinato a dare ai partiti di estrema destra un potere senza precedenti all’interno della coalizione di governo israeliana.

Avi Maoz sarà viceministro e dirigerà un’autorità per l’identità ebraica.

È a capo di Noam, un partito religioso-nazionalista, anti-arabo e anti-LGBTQ che sostiene una rigida interpretazione delle leggi religiose ebraiche in Israele»

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Per decenni i liberal democratici americani hanno imposto politicamente, economicamente e militarmente i palestinesi, fomentandone il terrorismo e imponendo il loro credo ideologico, essendo Israele virtualmente indifeso da un simile Moloch.

Adesso le cose sono mutate. I palestinesi saranno trattati per come hanno trattato.

Israele si è conquistato il proprio diritto alla vita.

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                         I timori dei palestinesi aumentano con la salita al potere dell’estrema destra israeliana. I palestinesi di Hebron dicono di sentirsi sempre più vulnerabili agli attacchi dopo le recenti elezioni israeliane. Interpellate sull’incidente, le Forze di Difesa Israeliane (IDF) hanno dichiarato che i soldati sono tenuti a fermare gli atti di violenza contro i palestinesi e, se necessario, a trattenere i sospetti fino all’arrivo della polizia.

                         Le elezioni di novembre hanno visto l’alleanza di estrema destra del Sionismo religioso conquistare 14 seggi nel Parlamento israeliano, che conta 120 seggi, diventando così la seconda forza più potente della coalizione del Primo Ministro eletto Benjamin Netanyahu. Il nuovo ministro della Sicurezza nazionale, responsabile della polizia in Israele e nella Cisgiordania occupata, è stato nominato Itamar Ben-Gvir, leader del partito ultranazionalista pro-settler Otzma Yehudit (Potere ebraico), che sposa politiche razziste e anti-arabe.

                         Hebron è il cuore politico dell’estrema destra israeliana: qui i coloni hanno votato in modo schiacciante per l’alleanza guidata congiuntamente da Ben-Gvir e Bezalel Smotrich, un’altra figura ultranazionalista destinata a diventare ministro delle Finanze e responsabile della gestione quotidiana della Cisgiordania da parte di Israele, che governa la vita dei palestinesi. Circa 500,000 israeliani vivono negli insediamenti, tutti considerati illegali dal diritto internazionale – cosa contestata da Israele.

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«Palestinian fears heightened as Israeli far right heads to power. Palestinians in Hebron say they feel increasingly vulnerable to attack after Israel’s recent election. Asked about the incident, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) said soldiers are required to stop acts of violence against Palestinians and if necessary detain suspects until police arrive. »

«November’s election saw the far-right Religious Zionism alliance win 14 seats in Israel’s 120 seat parliament, set to make it the second most powerful force in Prime Minister-elect Benjamin Netanyahu’s coalition. Appointed to the newly expanded post of National Security minister, in charge of police in Israel and the occupied West Bank is Itamar Ben-Gvir – leader of the ultranationalist pro-settler Otzma Yehudit (Jewish Power) party, which espouses racist, anti-Arab policies.»

«Hebron is a political heartland for the Israeli far right: settlers here voted overwhelmingly for the alliance jointly led by Mr Ben-Gvir and Bezalel Smotrich, another ultranationalist figure due to be minister of finance and in charge of Israel’s day-to-day running of the West Bank, governing the lives of the Palestinians there. Around 500,000 Israelis live in settlements, all of which are considered illegal under international law – something disputed by Israel.»

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Palestinian fears heightened as Israeli far right heads to power.

I came to talk to Yasser Abu Markhiya about the attacks on his home in Hebron but he ended up lying speechless in pain in his garden after getting kicked in the groin.

Our cameras had just started recording in their house when it began.

“Settlers with stones attacking! Settlers with stones!” shouts my producer.

We run outside with the Palestinian family as two young Israeli men storm into their garden, followed by soldiers.

One of the settlers heads straight towards us yelling at the family: “Get out of here, leave!”

Mr Abu Markhiya strides up to him, trying to face off the threat, filming on his phone as a soldier blocks him, but the Israeli man lunges forward and kicks the Palestinian homeowner.

The assault is a sudden illustration of what we came to interview the family about: Palestinians in Hebron say they feel increasingly vulnerable to attack after Israel’s recent election.

The vote saw a massive rise in support for the far right, empowering an ultranationalist hardcore of the settler movement in Hebron and elsewhere, and reigniting a culture war within Israeli society over the role of the military in the occupied territories.

After Mr Abu Markhiya is kicked, there is a standoff as we keep filming.

A Palestinian activist helping the family, Badee Dwaik, shouts: “The soldiers do nothing to protect the Palestinians. If a Palestinian did that, you would take him to jail or shoot him!”

He is voicing a frequent complaint of systematic discrimination: That Israeli settlers who commit violence against Palestinians in the occupied West Bank rarely face accountability.

As if to prove the point, the man who kicked Mr Abu Markhiya walks towards his car, is given a handshake by one of the soldiers, and then he is gone.

Mr Abu Markhiya, meanwhile, is lying hurt as a neighbour tends to him.

Asked about the incident, the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) said soldiers are required to stop acts of violence against Palestinians and if necessary detain suspects until police arrive. The police routinely say they do investigate settler violence, but rights groups say these are usually a whitewash.

                         From fringes to mainstream

November’s election saw the far-right Religious Zionism alliance win 14 seats in Israel’s 120 seat parliament, set to make it the second most powerful force in Prime Minister-elect Benjamin Netanyahu’s coalition.

Appointed to the newly expanded post of National Security minister, in charge of police in Israel and the occupied West Bank is Itamar Ben-Gvir – leader of the ultranationalist pro-settler Otzma Yehudit (Jewish Power) party, which espouses racist, anti-Arab policies.

He made his name among a young national-religious base as a gun-wielding street agitator who calls for the deportation of “disloyal” Arabs and for the shooting of Palestinians who throw stones.

Mr Ben-Gvir has previous convictions for racist incitement and supporting a Jewish terrorist group, and is well known to the Palestinians of Hebron as he comes from one of the city’s Jewish settlements.

Many fear his promotion from the radical fringes into the political mainstream will usher in a dangerous new phase, with the region already gripped by deadly IDF arrest raids in the West Bank and the most lethal wave of Palestinian attacks in years.

In Hebron this year, two Palestinians including a 16-year-old boy have been shot dead by Israeli forces during protests in the city, and a further two during alleged knife attacks on Israeli forces. One Israeli man was killed in a gun attack by a Palestinian who was subsequently shot dead.

On the day we filmed, Israeli peace activists were leading a tour meant to look at the daily realities of life here.

                         ‘Heart of the occupation’

Hebron is a city of checkpoints and a flashpoint of the conflict and occupation. At its core are several hundred Israeli settlers who have the protection of an army and full political rights, surrounded by hundreds of thousands of Palestinians who have neither.

Many consider it the occupation in its most concentrated form.

Streets in its historic centre are a dystopian mix of civilian homes and shops with doors welded shut amid militarised fences, walls and watchtowers – an area hollowed out of its once bustling Palestinian life, as only residents may enter. The Israeli army refers to these as “sterile” zones necessary for security.

Hebron is a political heartland for the Israeli far right: settlers here voted overwhelmingly for the alliance jointly led by Mr Ben-Gvir and Bezalel Smotrich, another ultranationalist figure due to be minister of finance and in charge of Israel’s day-to-day running of the West Bank, governing the lives of the Palestinians there.

The Israeli peace activists have come to show solidarity with Palestinians after a fortnight of growing violence and intimidation. In the weeks after the election, during an annual Jewish pilgrimage, hundreds of young Israelis attacked homes. The following weekend, an IDF soldier beat a left-wing Israeli activist who came to support Palestinian residents, while another soldier was filmed praising Mr Ben-Gvir, saying the firebrand politician would “sort this place out.”

The UN’s envoy to the region Tor Wennesland condemned the violence, as did the outgoing Israeli defence minister Benny Gantz, who warned during the election that Mr Ben-Gvir threatens to set the country on fire.

Among those who had their homes attacked in the violence were Mr Abu Markhiya and his neighbour, Imad Abu Shamsiyyeh. Both have worked with Israeli human rights groups over the years to gather footage of violence by settlers, something they believe makes them targets.

“They stood in this exact place and started throwing stones madly, cursing us with obscene words, and shouting racist slogans: ‘Death to Arabs’ and ‘Get out of these houses that belong to Israel, we will take them back’,” Mr Abu Shamsiyyeh tells me.

“I was very scared for myself, my wife and my children, as there were a large number of settlers. Especially now with Ben-Gvir in the government, who has come to my house more than once,” he says.

Mr Abu Markhiya continues: “Since the Israeli elections, the attacks have increased and grown more fierce.”

Later, the soldier who was recorded supporting Mr Ben-Gvir was jailed for several days. It fed into a heated row in Israel, with nationalists arguing the military leadership was bowing to liberal pressure to punish the country’s defenders.

One of those making the case was Mr Ben-Gvir himself, suggesting the activists provoked or hit the soldiers – a claim for which there was no evidence.

                         ‘Now they have more energy’

An old fault-line in Israeli society was being aggravated in occupied Hebron: That between hawkish nationalists and what remains of the peace camp. I watched the tensions mount in the city, as settlers rallied against visiting anti-occupation activists.

Yishai Fleisher, a well-known voice of the settler right who describes himself as the international spokesman for the Jewish Community of Hebron, talks to me as his allies yell “traitors” at the arriving activists.

I ask him why they are shouting, aren’t the visitors just trying to expose the discriminatory realities of the city?

“Their opinion has become a total minority in Israel,” he says. “The jihadism that is in this town and the [Palestinian militant group] Hamas that rules this town, that is the real segregationist and apartheid-ist type of rule that can come into this place if Israel doesn’t control it.”

“In this plot of land which is a tiny plot of land, our tribal lands, we certainly should have control. It’s our land,” he adds.

I put it to him that it just sounds like racism – an assertion he rejects.

“We want our minorities to be successful and to be upwardly mobile. We have no problem with our minorities as long as they’re law-abiding and non-jihadist,” he says.

In the occupied West Bank there are around three million Palestinians. Around 500,000 Israelis live in settlements, all of which are considered illegal under international law – something disputed by Israel.

We leave the right-wing rally and are told by soldiers we cannot come back if we go to the peace camp activists.

We head over. Among the crowd is Tal Sagi from the group Breaking the Silence, made up of former soldiers who oppose the occupation and who try to expose its daily humiliations for Palestinians.

She was conscripted as a soldier in Hebron, where she describes an interdependent relationship between the IDF and the settlers. The message from the latter, she says, is that Palestinians are “all enemies”.

“I know what it’s like to be here as a soldier. You are in such close connection with the settlers the whole time and they give you food and they talk to you and… you hear these messages all the time,” she explains.

“I also grew up also as a settler, so something that I heard from a very young age [was]… that everyone wanted to kill me and that every Palestinian is a threat.”

“Now, after Ben-Gvir’s victory, [the settlers] have even more energy and they are here with a lot of confidence and they know they have a lot of power with them in the government. So they feel very confident to say all those things and act like that,” she adds.

As we talk the army stops the crowd moving – they have declared a closed military zone, say the activists. Eventually one of the Palestinians they were due to visit comes to them.

Issa Amro is a well-known activist and founder of Youth Against Settlements, which leads tours of Hebron. He is a vocal critic of both the Israeli forces and the Palestinian Authority, and has been arrested by both.

He has been declared a human rights defender by the EU and the UN, both of whom have previously condemned his repeated arrests.

After his speech to the Israeli peace camp, Mr Amro tries to show me how he is unable to go to his own home due to his latest arrest conditions.

But as we film, he is pulled away from us. Four undercover Israeli police, including the officer we spotted earlier, put him up against a wall and search him. He is told he is being detained for “obstructing justice”.

Like the Israeli activists and the Palestinian family attacked as we filmed, he believes the authorities simply do the bidding of the city’s settler movement – now feeling more emboldened than ever after the election. But he cannot explain further as he is taken away, silenced for a few more hours again.