Pubblicato in: Religioni, Unione Europea

Germania ed Islam. Deutsche Islam Konferenz.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-05-17.

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Di questi tempi si parla spesso degli islamici migrati in Germania, ma molto spesso chi ne parla non ha avuto il tempo di recepire alcune informazioni di base sull’islam tedesco.

Si noti che a fine maggio la Deutsche Islam Konferenz dovrebbe patrocinare un movimento islamico politico, a lei formalmente indipendente, sulla scorta del Denk.

Elezioni Olandesi. Il vero fatto nuovo. Denk.

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Deutsche Islam Konferenz.

«What is the DIK?

The coalition agreement for the 17th legislative period has agreed to continue the German Islam Conference (DIK). It is considered to be the most important forum between the German state and Muslims living in Germany. The German Minister for Internal Affairs, Dr Thomas de Maizière, announced the continuation and extension of the German Islam Conference, as it promotes harmonisation between the German state and Muslims.

In recent decades, Germany has become more religiously and culturally diverse, above all as a result of immigration by people from predominantly Muslim countries. Approximately four million Muslims now live in Germany. Almost half of these already hold German citizenship.

One specific aim of the German Islam Conference in its first phase was to improve dialogue between the state and Muslims, thereby making a contribution to the social integration of Muslims and their religious law and to social cohesion in Germany and so counteract social polarisation and segregation. The German Islam Conference does not represent and never has represented Muslims in the sense of a religious community. The Federal Ministry of Internal Affairs has primary responsibility for the Conference because this Ministry has traditionally been responsible at government level for relationships with religious communities in Germany.»

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«The German Islam Conference’s programme.

The plenary meeting of the German Islam Conference approved the programme of work for the second phase of the Conference (DIK) on Monday 17 May 2010.

Building on the results of the first phase in which, above all, the Islam Conference dealt with basic issues and worked out legal conditions, the focus now lies on implementing and embedding the Islam Conference in society. The Conference wishes to concentrate on three major issues:

– 1. Establishing institutionalised co-operation between state and Muslims

– 2. Gender equality as a common value

3. Preventing extremism, radicalisation and social polarisation»

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«The history of Muslims in Germany.

Even though the presence of Muslims in Germany today is first and foremost a result of the labour migration of the 1960s and 1970s, their origins reach much further back.

The first Muslims came to Germany as prisoners of war from the Siege of Vienna by the Ottomans (1683). The majority of these prisoners were in fact either baptised or returned to their homeland. However, some of them also died here, as evidenced by gravestones from 1689 in Brake and 1691 in Hannover. ….

From the mid-1970s until today the labour migrants have been joined by Muslims who have come to Germany as refugees and asylum seekers mainly from Turkey, Lebanon, Iran, Afghanistan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo and Iraq. Mention must also be made of Muslim students and academics. Not only in West Germany did the latter play a leading role in the establishment of Islamic centres and the Islamic unions which sprang up in universities and colleges from the 1990s. Students from Arab brother states (e.g. Syria and Yemen) were the original members of a community which lived modestly in the former GDR, primarily in Leipzig and East Berlin.

The German converts to Islam must not be neglected. Although thought to be relatively low in number, they have played a significant role in the Muslim community at least since the First World War. This is reflected above all in the Central Council of Muslims in Germany.»

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«In Germania, più di 4 milioni di abitanti sono musulmani (4,9%), rendendo l’Islam la seconda religione del Paese, di cui in maggioranza (74%) di fede sunnita, ma è presente una piccola comunità di sciiti. Nel territorio tedesco si trovano circa 2.500 moschee e oltre 300 000 associazioni islamiche». Dopo il grande afflusso, gli islamici son circa sei milioni, ma si tenga presente che per larga quota sono nella fascia compresa tra i 20 ed i 40 anni.

Ci si ricordi sempre ciò che disse Mr Erdogan:

«Mussulmani in Europa, fate cinque figli ed il futuro sarà vostro».

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The Local. 2017-05-12. Eight things to know about Islam in Germany

The Muslim community has actually had a presence – though small – in Germany for hundreds of years. Here are more facts you might not know about Islam in the country.

  • 1. First Muslims in Germany date back to the 1600s

The very first Muslims to come to Germany, as far as recorded history goes, arrived as prisoners of war from the Siege of Vienna by the Ottoman Empire in 1683. But many were either baptized or eventually returned to their homelands, according to the German Islam Conference (DIK).

Between 1735 and 1739, more Muslim prisoners of war ended up in Germany during the Russo-Turkish War. In 1739, the Duke of Courland ‘gifted’ 22 Turks to join the so-called “tall guys” – Lange Kerls – Prussian regiment, and a prayer room was set up for them. Tartar and Bosnian Muslims also joined Prussian forces in 1741.

Later, when Prussia and the Ottoman Empire had a more cosy relationship, a number of Muslims began to live in Germany regularly. In 1763, for example, the Prussian court in Berlin established an Ottoman diplomatic position. In 1798 when the third envoy died, Prussian King Frederick William III created a burial site for him, and with it the first Islamic cemetery in Germany, which still stands today along Columbiadamm in Berlin.

The first mosque was constructed during the First World War within a prisoner of war camp in Wünsdorf, just outside Berlin.

The number of practitioners of Islam in Germany remained relatively negligible after that until the 1960s, when a guest worker programme with Turkey brought in large numbers of labourers. The Turkish population in Germany now makes up the largest ethnic minority in the country at around 3 million people with Turkish roots.

  • 2. Around 5 percent of the population is Muslim

The most recent government figures released last year showed that between 4.4 million and 4.7 million Muslims lived in Germany, or between 5.4 to 5.7 percent of the population. This was an increase of about 1.2 million people since the last census in 2011.

The government attributed the growth to the large number of immigrants who came to the country last year, including the record number of nearly 900,000 refugees, many coming from predominantly Muslim countries.

A poll around the same time by Ipsos research group found that Germans tend to overestimate the size of the country’s Muslim population. The survey showed that respondents generally thought Muslims made up as much as 21 percent of the population – roughly quadruple the actual size.

Experts predict that this population could grow by about another percentage point in the next four years.

  • 3. Germany ranks fifth in EU for relative Muslim population size

While Germany has the largest population of Muslims in the European Union in total, its community of Islam followers is not the biggest per capita. One in four (25.3 percent) of Cyprus’ roughly 1.2 million total residents are Muslim, while in Bulgaria about one in seven (13.7 percent) practice Islam, according to a Pew Research Center comparison last year.

Therefore Germany ranks fifth in the EU for the size of its Muslim community relative to the rest of its population, behind France (7.5 percent) and Belgium (5.9 percent). This also places Germany slightly above Austria (5.4 percent) and Greece (5.3 percent).

And when looking at the entire continent of Europe, Russia has the overall largest Muslim population at 14 million people, or 10 percent of its total population, according to Pew.

  • 4. Germans used jihad to fight the First World War

During the First World War, German officials created a newspaper called “El Dschihad” (Jihad) to encourage Muslim soldiers from other countries to fight their “holy war”, according to the German Historical Museum in Berlin.

The newspaper – published in various languages – was distributed to frontline areas, within German prison camps, as well as in places under French, English or Russian reign where Muslims lived.

Even the first mosque constructed in Germany was a part of this strategy, allowing prisoners to practice their religion, and then to teach them about the holy war in order to convince them to fight alongside Germany against the Allies.

  • 5. Islam is not a recognized religious ‘public entity’

Germany’s constitution allows religious groups to become so-called “entities under public law”, which grants them the ability to levy taxes on their members, among other rights.

It’s up to individual states to grant organizations this status, and recognition is based on having a certain number of members, as well as a guarantee of permanence. 

But Islamic practitioners are not organized in the same structured way as Jews or Christians in Germany, meaning they do not quite fit these criteria. Islam in Germany is very diverse, with separate practices broken down across Sunni groups as the most predominant, as well as Alevi, Shiite, Ahmadi, Sufi, Ibadi, and more. A study by the DIK in 2009 found that only 20 percent of Muslims belong to religious organizations or congregations.

“The right to levy ‘church’ taxes – and with this to carry out official activities – cannot be performed with a vague sense of identification according to the standards, and rather must be done only through a legally verifiable membership,” explains German publication Legal Tribune Online as to why Islamic associations generally do not have public status.

“The blanket demand that ‘Islam’ finally be recognized as a religious community is as misleading as the perception that public entity status is only reserved for Christian Churches. What is crucial is whether a Muslim organization fulfills the constitutional requirements.”

The first time a Muslim community became recognized under the public status was in 2013 by the state of Hesse to a local organization.

  • 6. The first Muslim MP was elected in 1994

Cem Özdemir was the first Muslim elected to the Bundestag (German parliament) in 1994 – at least as far as the Central Council of Muslims in Germany knows, their spokesman told The Local.

Özdemir was born in Bad Urach, Baden-Württemberg as the son of a Turkish guest worker. In 1983, he obtained German citizenship. Özdemir told Spiegel in 2008 that he was a “secular Muslim”.

  • 7. North Rhine-Westphalia has generally had the largest Muslim population

Before Germany saw a record number of refugees arrive over the past two years, many from Muslim-majority countries, about one in three Muslims in Germany lived in the most populous state of North Rhine-Westphalia. About one-fifth of Germany’s total population lives in the western state, for comparison.

That’s according to data presented in 2009 by the DIK, which has not done a comparable study since. Because of the way Islam is organized and classified in Germany (as explained in number 5), there is no centralized way of counting the number of Muslims, so estimates rely on surveys.

  • 8. German intelligence agencies have had their eye on radical Islamists since at least 1990s

Both the Central Council of Muslims in Germany and the DIK use their websites to denounce violence, terror and extremism in the name of Islam. The DIK also actively works with the German government to prevent radicalization.

A spokeswoman for domestic intelligence agency BfV told The Local that they have had their eye on possible Islamist extremists since at least the 1990s, but she said their focus on possible terror groups drastically changed after the September 11th 2001 attacks in the US.

That’s because it emerged that members of a Hamburg terror cell had been key operatives in enacting the plane hijackings.

Before 2001, Islamism was tracked as a form of “foreign extremism” by the BfV. After 9/11, it became its own field of analysis for reports and in 2004, Germany set up the Joint Counter-Terrorism Centre in Berlin to connect security authorities at the federal and state levels.

In 2010, after growing concerns about the rise of radical preachers inside the country – like German convert and suspected terrorist group supporter Sven Lau – the BfV spokeswoman said the intelligence agency also started writing official reports and keeping tallies on the estimated number of Salafists.

The Interior Ministry defines the fundamentalist Salafist movement as the “fastest growing form of Islamism in Germany” and says that Salafists pose a “particular threat to the security of Germany”.

“The Salafist spectrum in Germany ranges from political Salafists, who reject violence at least in Germany, to jihadist Salafists, who are generally in favour of violence and also use it,” writes the BfV. “There is no clear dividing line between the two groups.”

Currently the BfV estimates there to be about 10,000 Salafists in Germany. They also estimate there to be about 1,650 people who could be “potential Islamist terrorists”.

Pubblicato in: Criminalità Organizzata, Religioni, Unione Europea

Germania. Immigrati. Battesimi passati da 17,000 a 178,408. Dio o mammona?

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-05-10.

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La buona fede la si concede sempre, salvo prova contraria.

«The number of protestant baptisms of people over 14 years old has risen, from around 17,000 in 2014 to 178,408 in 2015.»

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Questa notizia può essere letta da molti punti di vista differenti, anche se almeno in parte complementari.

Primo approccio.

Ammessa e concessa la buona fede, si saluta con gioia l’accaduto. Sarebbe un segno di un elevato proselitismo evangelico dei pastori protestanti e di una altrettanto encomiabile apertura della mentalità dei migranti: le conversioni da islam al cristianesimo sono notoriamente eventi molto, ma molto rari. La conversione sarebbe inoltre un passo importante verso una migliore integrazione.

Secondo approccio.

Di norma gli ambienti islamici reagiscono anche molto violentemente alla conversione al cristianesimo di un loro membro.

«Right now we have five people with us who have been assaulted. One has lost some of his teeth and one of the others has a wound that had to be sewn up».

Questo è uno dei motivi per i quali tipicamente la Chiesa Cattolica accoglie i converti islamici in segreto.

Ciò nonostante, le aggressioni ai convertiti sembrerebbero essere davvero scarse e più verbali che di fatto.

«The aggression towards converts is not new, the Pastor confirmed, but has become normalized.»

Terzo approccio.

«Reports in the German media describe how missionaries have promoted conversion to the refugees for better chances at staying in Germany»

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«Missionaries targeted Afghan refugees who were threatened with deportation»

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«When the conversion could lead to the refugee being persecuted in their home country, the case has to be examined further»

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«the conversion of an asylum seeker will be considered in the asylum application»

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In poche parole, sembrerebbe essere quasi impossibile che un immigrato convertito possa essere rimandato nel paese di provenienza, ove potrebbe fare una gran brutta fine.

«The decision makers in the asylum process have to judge whether the change of faith was due to real convictions or if it was done due to tactical reasons»

Quarto approccio.

In Germania i cittadini sono tenuti a segnalare nella dichiarazione dei redditi la loro appartenenza religiosa: su tale base lo stato effettuerà una ritenuta, che in taluni casi può arrivare anche al 9% che poi verserà alla chiesa indicata.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-05-10. German churches see rise in baptisms for refugees

Thousands of refugees in Germany are converting from Islam to Christianity, although it could carry a huge personal risk for them. Independent churches are especially seeing many new converts.

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Gottfried Martens, a pastor at the Protestant Trinity independent church in Berlin, has already baptized 1200 refugees. He started in 2008 with two refugees from Iran who sought out his congregation. They brought an acquaintance with them, who Pastor Martens baptized. Over the years, more and more refugees came with the desire to change their religion. Now Marten’s congregation is well known in Berlin, as hundreds attend sermons there that are given in both German and Persian.

The Iranian and Afghan converts are originally of the Islamic faith. Many of them are “newcomers” who were introduced to the congregation by other Christians. “Many were also in private house-held congregations in Iran or were touched by the Christian faith during their escape journey,” Martens told DW.

“We had to move to another church because there is not enough space. The high point came when the Balkan route was closed,” he said. During the so-called refugee crisis at the beginning of 2016, there were around 250 participants at pre-baptism courses at the Trinity Church. Usually Pastor Martens only teaches around 30 people per course.

Baptism certificate after three months

All of the people that Martens baptized are refugees that speak Persian or some dialect of the language. “For these people it is very important that our congregation is bilingual.” Some of them are waiting for a decision in their asylum process while others have asylum applications that have been rejected. They spend three months in the preparatory courses and then afterwards they have a test in which they have to tell Martens their personal reasons behind the conversion. “There were around 300 people we had to reject,” he said. Others were baptized and received a certificate.

Most of the converted congregation members live in refugee accommodations. “They tell other people from their countries about the congregation and then new people come.” Martens is happy about this interest in the congregation and says the refugees are a blessing. “After everything they’ve been through, I am very thankful that they trust in God and join our congregation.”

The so-called national churches, which include Roman Catholic and Protestant churches in Germany, are also witnessing a high number of baptisms. Although conversions are not recorded separately, “in recent years there has been a noticeable increase in refugee baptisms,” Carsten Split of the Protestant Church in Germany (EKD) told DW. The number of protestant baptisms of people over 14 years old has risen, from around 17,000 in 2014 to 178,408 in 2015. 

The number of baptisms in self-organized independent churches such as the Trinity church is not recorded. The Persian Pentecostal “Alpha and Omega” congregation in Hamburg is also very popular with refugees from Iranian and Afghan backgrounds. On Ascension Day last year the Pastor there, Albert Babjan, did a public mass baptism of 80 refugees in the city park.

Risks

The conversion itself, however, carries many risks. Converts to Christianity are exposed to hostility  in Iran and Afghanistan they face religious persecution. In some instances they could be dealt the death penalty. In the past years there have been more and more reports about converts being attacked in Germany. Pastor Martens says that the refugees who come to his congregation can no longer live in their shelters without being bothered by others.

“Right now we have five people with us who have been assaulted. One has lost some of his teeth and one of the others has a wound that had to be sewn up.” The authorities, according to Martens, haven’t reacted. The security personnel are mostly on the side of the attackers and even though the police are involved “they are not looking further into the matter.”

It’s gone so far that the converts are secretly sneaking out of the refugee homes to attend the church services and are hiding their cross necklaces which they receive after baptism. One refugee convert who was attacked and filed a complaint then received 10 complaints from the other residents saying that he assaulted Muslim women. These claims were made up and served as a way to intimidate him.

The aggression towards converts is not new, the Pastor confirmed, but has become normalized. The attacks are partly the other people of the same nationalities of the converts but also “radical Muslims from different countries.” Although he knows the change of faith represents a danger for people, Marten carries out the baptisms, as do many other churches in Germany.     

Missionaries and ‘rapid conversions’

Reports in the German media describe how missionaries have promoted conversion to the refugees for better chances at staying in Germany. Public broadcaster “Deutschlandfunk” reported of rapid conversions in private apartments by cult-like congregations and of missionaries proselytizing to the refugees. Missionaries targeted Afghan refugees who were threatened with deportation.

According to the Federal Office of Migration and Refugees (BAMF), conversion is “self-created grounds subsequent to fleeing.” When the conversion could lead to the refugee being persecuted in their home country, the case has to be examined further. “The conversion of an asylum seeker will be considered in the asylum application if it is credible,” the BAMF told German news outlet “Spiegel Online.” The decision makers in the asylum process have to judge whether the change of faith was due to real convictions or if it was done due to tactical reasons.

Better chances for Asylum?

“I make it very clear from the beginning, that conversion and baptism do not increase the chances of receiving asylum, rather, it could make it worse,” Martens emphasized. Christian asylum seekers often receive negative responses from the BAMF.  “The BAMF will hardly look at the application if they see it is a Christian from Iran.” Some of those Martens has baptized have already been deported.

Pubblicato in: Medio Oriente, Religioni

Egitto. Ahmed Hosni Taha licenziato in tronco.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-05-07.

2017-05-06__Al-Azhar __001

«La Camera dei rappresentanti dell’Egitto intende “rinnovare” i sermoni religiosi islamici per “combattere il terrorismo alla radice, stando alle parole del presidente del parlamento monocamerale egiziano, Ali Abdel Al, citato dal quotidiano filo-opposizione “Shorouk”, dopo gli attacchi terroristici contro i copti cristiani a Tanta e Alessandria d’Egitto.»

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«Il ministero degli Affari islamici dell’Egitto ha annunciato lo scorso 5 aprile che rimuoverà dal suo incarico qualsiasi predicatore che abbia legami con gruppi terroristici o che diffonda idee estremiste,»

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«proteggere la pratica religiosa da ideologie estremiste»

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«Il grande imam Al Tayyeb, finora, si è rifiutato di attuare alcune disposizioni volute dal presidente egiziano al Sisi, come l’eliminazione del “divorzio verbale” che garantisce ai mariti musulmani la prerogativa di “ripudiare” la moglie»

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«Il presidente della prestigiosa università islamica egiziana di Al Azhar, fra i principali istituti di formazione islamica nel mondo, è stato sostituito dopo aver definito “apostata” un intellettuale musulmano riformista. La sostituzione è considerata una risposta alla accuse di non fare abbastanza per combattere l’estremismo religioso. Ahmed Hosni Taha è stato costretto a chiedere scusa giovedì scorso dopo aver definito “apostata” il riformista Islam al Behairy, il quale aveva messo in dubbio alcuni fondamenti della legge islamica. In una dichiarazione, Al Azhar ha annunciato che il grande imam Ahmed al Tayeb, che gestisce l’intera istituzione, ha annunciato la rimozione di Taha dall’incarico di presidente dell’università»

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al-Ḥākim, sesto Imām fatimide, non avrebbe certo esitato: avrebbe fatto crocefiggere Ahmed Hosni Taha, tutta la sua famiglia ed i suoi amici e conoscenti. Poi, per sovrappeso, tutti i suoi collaboratori, con relativi parenti amici e conoscenti. Infine, tanto per far numero, tutte le concubine non performanti.

Non fan mica più quei bei mussulmani di una volta.


Reuters. 2017-05-06. Egypt’s Al-Azhar university replaces head in apostasy row

The head of Egypt’s Al-Azhar university, the 1,000-year-old seat of Sunni Muslim learning, has been replaced after describing a leading Islamic researcher as an apostate, official media reports said on Saturday.

Al-Azhar said its Grand Imam, Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayeb, had named Mohamed Hussein al-Mahrsawy, dean of the Arabic language faculty, as the university’s acting president following the resignation of Ahmed Hosny and pending the appointment of a permanent successor.

The ahramonline news site said Hosny had quit after being criticized for describing researcher Islam El-Behery, known for controversial interpretations of Islamic jurisprudence, as an apostate.

The shake-up comes as the university, one of the most prominent Sunni academic institutions, faces criticism from Egypt’s parliament and sections of the media, who say its clerics have resisted pressure to modernize their religious discourse to help the fight against extremism.

Al-Azhar last month played host to Pope Francis, who visited Cairo to improve relations between Catholics and Muslims.


Agenzia Nova. 2017-05-06. Egitto: presidente di Al Azhar rimosso dopo accuse di apostasia contro riformisti

Il Cairo, 06 mag 17:25 – (Agenzia Nova) – Il presidente della prestigiosa università islamica egiziana di Al Azhar, fra i principali istituti di formazione islamica nel mondo, è stato sostituito dopo aver definito “apostata” un intellettuale musulmano riformista. La sostituzione è considerata una risposta alla accuse di non fare abbastanza per combattere l’estremismo religioso. Ahmed Hosni Taha è stato costretto a chiedere scusa giovedì scorso dopo aver definito “apostata” il riformista Islam al Behairy, il quale aveva messo in dubbio alcuni fondamenti della legge islamica. In una dichiarazione, Al Azhar ha annunciato che il grande imam Ahmed al Tayeb, che gestisce l’intera istituzione, ha annunciato la rimozione di Taha dall’incarico di presidente dell’università. Al Behairy ha criticato alcuni scritti sunniti considerati fonte di ispirazione per gli estremisti, così come alcuni libri di giurisprudenza islamica usati di Al Azhar, definendoli non conformi ai tempi moderni. Nel dicembre 2015, Al Behairy era stato condannato a un anno di carcere per ” insulto alla religione”, ma è stato rilasciato dopo il aver ricevuto la grazia dal presidente Abdel Fatah al Sisi.
Al Azhar è in questi giorni oggetto di un disegno di legge che intende modificare le norme che regolano il prestigioso centro islamico. Il testo ha suscitato numerose polemiche in Egitto perché, fra le altre cose, introdurrebbe cambiamenti radicali nella nomina dei membri dell’Alto consiglio degli studiosi di Al Azhar, responsabile della nomina del grande imam e del gran muftì d’Egitto; quest’ultimo ha l’ultima parola sulle condanne a morte nel paese arabo. Secondo Abu Hamed, membro dell’ufficio politico del blocco parlamentare “Da’am Misr” (Sostegno dell’Egitto), la proposta di legge “non ha difetti costituzionali e garantisce la piena indipendenza di al Azhar”. Il grande imam Al Tayyeb, finora, si è rifiutato di attuare alcune disposizioni volute dal presidente egiziano al Sisi, come l’eliminazione del “divorzio verbale” che garantisce ai mariti musulmani la prerogativa di “ripudiare” la moglie. Secondo le statistiche ufficiali, vi è un divorzio ogni quattro minuti in Egitto, che con i suoi 90 milioni di abitanti è il paese arabo più popoloso al mondo.
La Camera dei rappresentanti dell’Egitto intende “rinnovare” i sermoni religiosi islamici per “combattere il terrorismo alla radice, stando alle parole del presidente del parlamento monocamerale egiziano, Ali Abdel Al, citato dal quotidiano filo-opposizione “Shorouk”, dopo gli attacchi terroristici contro i copti cristiani a Tanta e Alessandria d’Egitto. “Abbiamo stabilito di istituire un Consiglio patriottico per combattere il terrorismo”, ha detto Abdel Al durante una sessione parlamentare pubblica. “Questo Consiglio stabilirà una strategia per combattere il terrorismo attraverso il dialogo religioso e l’educazione: non possiamo aspettare nessuno per rinnovare il discorso religioso”, ha detto ancora Abdel Al.

Il ministero degli Affari islamici dell’Egitto ha annunciato lo scorso 5 aprile che rimuoverà dal suo incarico qualsiasi predicatore che abbia legami con gruppi terroristici o che diffonda idee estremiste, come riferito dal quotidiano “Al Ahram”, aggiungendo che, secondo il ministero, lo scopo del provvedimento è proteggere la pratica religiosa da ideologie estremiste. Il ministro degli Affari islamici egiziano, Mohamed Mokhtar Gomaa, aveva annunciato nell’autunno scorso l’avvio di una collaborazione tra il suo ministero e quelli dei Giovani e della Cultura per riformare i sermoni religiosi. L’obiettivo, aveva fatto sapere il ministro, è “applicare le direttive date dal presidente Al Sisi nel corso del congresso per i giovani di Sharm el Sheikh, in collaborazione con l’università islamica di al Azhar e con la chiesa copta egiziana”.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Religioni

Trump ripristina la libertà religiosa. – Testo completo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-05-05.

reni-guido-san-michele-arcangelo-schiaccia-satana-1636

«Federal law protects the freedom of Americans and their organizations to exercise religion and participate fully in civic life without undue interference by the Federal Government.»

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«All executive departments and agencies (agencies) shall, to the greatest extent practicable and to the extent permitted by law, respect and protect the freedom of persons and organizations to engage in religious and political speech»

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«The Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Labor, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall consider issuing amended regulations, consistent with applicable law, to address conscience-based objections to the preventive-care mandate promulgated under section 300gg-13(a)(4) of title 42, United States Code.»

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«President Trump signed an executive order Thursday to make it easier for churches to participate in politics and to protect faith-based groups from being forced to pay for abortion services under Obamacare, proclaiming, “We are giving our churches their voices back.”»

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«At a National Day of Prayer ceremony in the White House Rose Garden, Mr. Trump signed the order directing the IRS not to “unfairly target” the tax-exempt status of churches and other religious organizations who engage in political speech»

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«“The federal government will never ever penalize any person for their protected religious beliefs,” Mr. Trump said.

While the action was long awaited on the right, some conservatives said they’re disappointed that it doesn’t go far enough.»

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«The action will direct the IRS to immediately “exercise maximum enforcement discretion to alleviate the burden” of the so-called Johnson Amendment, a tax provision dating from 1954»

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«With this executive order, we are ending the attacks on your religious liberty»

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«No one should be censoring sermons or targeting pastors …. »

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«We must never infringe on the noble tradition of change from the church, and progress from the pew»

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«This is just the first bite at the apple, not the last»

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«Americans cannot rely on the discretion of IRS agents, some of whom have abused that discretion for years to silence pastors and intrude into America’s pulpits, …. Nor does the outline do anything to prevent a future, hostile administration from wielding its power to penalize any church who dares exercise its constitutionally protected freedoms in a manner that displeases those in authority. A legislative problem like the Johnson Amendment demands a legislative solution»

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«For too long the federal government has used the state as a weapon against people of faith»

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«Exit polls in November showed Trump defeating Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton 80 percent to 16 percent among white evangelical Christians»

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Cosa fosse il Johnson Amendment è stato già esposto in dettaglio.

Stati Uniti. Il problema del Johnson Amendment.

Questo Executive Order tratta molti argomenti, tra i quali ne enucleiamo alcuni., per somma sintesi.

– «shall consider issuing amended regulations, consistent with applicable law, to address conscience-based objections to the preventive-care mandate». Nessuna persona potrà più essere portata in giudizio, incarcerata o licenziata perché obiettore di coscienza. Ciò vale per esempio per quanti si rifiutassero di eseguire aborti oppure favorire nuzialità alternative. È la fine di una feroce persecuzione durata fin troppo tempo tra l’omertoso silenzio generale.

– «respect and protect the freedom of persons and organizations to engage in religious and political speech». I cristiani potranno parlare liberamente esprimendo in modo compiuto il proprio pensiero, senza il terrore di essere portati in giudizi e condannati a severe pene detentive.

– È abolito quel comma del Johnson Amendment «However, certain voter education activities as well as voter registration and get-out-the-vote drives, if conducted in a non-partisan manner, are not prohibited» che permetteva alle sole ong liberals democratiche, le uniche considerate “non-partisan” dai giudici, di essere le uniche voci in tutta l’America, essendo tutti gli altri costretti al silenzio.

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È l’inizio della fine della dittatura del pensiero unico liberal democratico.


The White House. 2017-05-04. Presidential Executive Order Promoting Free Speech and Religious Liberty

EXECUTIVE ORDER

– – – – – – –

PROMOTING FREE SPEECH AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, in order to guide the executive branch in formulating and implementing policies with implications for the religious liberty of persons and organizations in America, and to further compliance with the Constitution and with applicable statutes and Presidential Directives, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1.  Policy.  It shall be the policy of the executive branch to vigorously enforce Federal law’s robust protections for religious freedom.  The Founders envisioned a Nation in which religious voices and views were integral to a vibrant public square, and in which religious people and institutions were free to practice their faith without fear of discrimination or retaliation by the Federal Government.  For that reason, the United States Constitution enshrines and protects the fundamental right to religious liberty as Americans’ first freedom.  Federal law protects the freedom of Americans and their organizations to exercise religion and participate fully in civic life without undue interference by the Federal Government.  The executive branch will honor and enforce those protections.

Sec. 2.  Respecting Religious and Political Speech.  All executive departments and agencies (agencies) shall, to the greatest extent practicable and to the extent permitted by law, respect and protect the freedom of persons and organizations to engage in religious and political speech.  In particular, the Secretary of the Treasury shall ensure, to the extent permitted by law, that the Department of the Treasury does not take any adverse action against any individual, house of worship, or other religious organization on the basis that such individual or organization speaks or has spoken about moral or political issues from a religious perspective, where speech of similar character has, consistent with law, not ordinarily been treated as participation or intervention in a political campaign on behalf of (or in opposition to) a candidate for public office by the Department of the Treasury.  As used in this section, the term “adverse action” means the imposition of any tax or tax penalty; the delay or denial of tax-exempt status; the disallowance of tax deductions for contributions made to entities exempted from taxation under section 501(c)(3) of title 26, United States Code; or any other action that makes unavailable or denies any tax deduction, exemption, credit, or benefit.

Sec. 3.  Conscience Protections with Respect to Preventive-Care Mandate.  The Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Labor, and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall consider issuing amended regulations, consistent with applicable law, to address conscience-based objections to the preventive-care mandate promulgated under section 300gg-13(a)(4) of title 42, United States Code.

Sec. 4.  Religious Liberty Guidance.  In order to guide all agencies in complying with relevant Federal law, the Attorney General shall, as appropriate, issue guidance interpreting religious liberty protections in Federal law.

Sec. 5.  Severability.  If any provision of this order, or the application of any provision to any individual or circumstance, is held to be invalid, the remainder of this order and the application of its other provisions to any other individuals or circumstances shall not be affected thereby.   

Sec. 6.  General Provisions.  (a)  Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i)   the authority granted by law to an executive department or agency, or the head thereof; or 

(ii)  the functions of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b)  This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c)  This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,

May 4, 2017.


The Washington Times. 2017-05-04. Trump gives churches ‘their voices back’ with approval take part in partisan politics.

President Trump signed an executive order Thursday to make it easier for churches to participate in politics and to protect faith-based groups from being forced to pay for abortion services under Obamacare, proclaiming, “We are giving our churches their voices back.”

At a National Day of Prayer ceremony in the White House Rose Garden, Mr. Trump signed the order directing the IRS not to “unfairly target” the tax-exempt status of churches and other religious organizations who engage in political speech.

“The federal government will never ever penalize any person for their protected religious beliefs,” Mr. Trump said.

While the action was long awaited on the right, some conservatives said they’re disappointed that it doesn’t go far enough.

The president’s order is aimed at easing an IRS provision that prohibits churches from directly opposing or endorsing political candidates. The action will direct the IRS to immediately “exercise maximum enforcement discretion to alleviate the burden” of the so-called Johnson Amendment, a tax provision dating from 1954.

The directive also will allow non-profit organizations to deny certain health coverage for religious reasons. It’s aimed at protecting Christian groups like Little Sisters of the Poor, who have waged a court battle against the government mandate under Obamacare, from being forced to pay for abortion services.

Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price said his agency will use the order to “re-examine” Obamacare’s mandate on contraceptive services.

“We will be taking action in short order to follow the president’s instruction to safeguard the deeply held religious beliefs of Americans who provide health insurance to their employees,” Mr. Price said.

As Mr. Trump spoke about the Little Sisters’ case, he even invited some of the nuns in the audience to join him on the stage.

“Your long ordeal will soon be over,” the president told the nuns.

When one of the sisters told Mr. Trump the court case has been going on for five years, the president asked her, “You had good lawyers?”

“Where are your lawyers?” the president asked, scanning the audience. “Stand up, c’mon, stand up. Do you mind if I use your lawyers? Good job.”

He added, “With this executive order, we are ending the attacks on your religious liberty.”

The Affordable Care Act requires insurance plans to cover contraceptives at no cost to patients. After the Supreme Court ruled that the mandate violated the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, the government created an accommodation for closely held, for-profit businesses that have a religious objection, which involves filling out a form to arrange for a third party to provide coverage instead.

But the Little Sisters and several other religious groups say the accommodation still forces them to be complicit in providing people with contraception against their religious beliefs.

The president devoted most of his comments to ending the restrictions of the Johnson Amendment, saying he was halting “a financial threat against the faith community.”

“No one should be censoring sermons or targeting pastors,” the president said to thunderous applause from the audience of religious and conservative leaders, including Dr. Franklin Graham. “In America, we do not fear people speaking freely from the pulpit. We embrace it.”

Mr. Trump noted that the nation “has a rich tradition of social change beginning in our pews and in our pulpits.”

“Perhaps there is no greater example than the historic role of the African-American church as the agent for social progress, spurring our nation to greater justice and equality,” he said. “We must never infringe on the noble tradition of change from the church, and progress from the pew.”

By administratively removing the Johnson Amendment, Faith & Freedom Coalition Chairman Ralph Reed said, the president’s order “removes a sword of Damocles that has hung over the faith community for decades.”

He said ending the Obamacare mandates that violate the religious faith of the Little Sisters of the Poor and other faith-based nonprofits “lifts a cloud of fear over people of faith and ensures they will no longer be subjected to litigation, harassment and persecution simply for expressing their religious beliefs.”

“This is just the first bite at the apple, not the last,” Mr. Reed said. We still support the full statutory repeal of the Johnson Amendment and Obamacare mandates, but this order is a giant step in the right direction in protecting the First Amendment rights of Christians and other Americans of conscience and faith.”

Some conservatives are expressing disappointment that the president’s action doesn’t go far enough to guarantee religious liberty protections.

Senior Counsel Gregory Baylor, senior counsel of the conservative Christian legal advocacy group Alliance Defending Freedom, said the executive order leaves Mr. Trump’s campaign promises “unfulfilled.” He argued that directing the IRS to use its discretion isn’t strong enough.

“Americans cannot rely on the discretion of IRS agents, some of whom have abused that discretion for years to silence pastors and intrude into America’s pulpits,” he said. “Nor does the outline do anything to prevent a future, hostile administration from wielding its power to penalize any church who dares exercise its constitutionally protected freedoms in a manner that displeases those in authority. A legislative problem like the Johnson Amendment demands a legislative solution.”

Mr. Baylor also said the order offers “no specific relief” to families such as the Donald and Ellen Vander Boon, owners of a meatpacking company in Michigan, who face action by the Department of Agriculture that could close their business. The government has threatened them with the loss of inspections over their placement of literature in an employee lunch room that expressed their opposition to same-sex marriage based on religious grounds.

He said the president’s pledge of regulatory relief on Obamacare is “disappointingly vague.”

And a government watchdog group, Public Citizen, warned that Mr. Trump’s action could lead to more “unaccountable” money influencing elections.

“This executive order may go down in history as the ‘Citizens United’ of church/state separation in the context of political spending,” said Robert Weissman, president of Public Citizen. “If carried out, the executive order would enable evangelical, social conservative and other churches to operate as dark money funnels — with even less disclosure and reporting required for social welfare organizations and trade associations.”

The event in the Rose Garden began with a guitar performance by Steven Curtis Chapman, a Christian music singer and social activist, who thanked Mr. Trump and sang two songs, including an acoustic version of The Lord’s Prayer.


Boston Globe. 2017-05-04. Trump signs executive order to weaken IRS rule against church political activity

WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump on Thursday said he would direct the Internal Revenue Service to relax enforcement of rules barring tax-exempt churches from participating in politics as part of a much-anticipated executive order on religious liberties.

The order – which Trump formally unveiled in a Rose Garden ceremony with Christian leaders – also offers unspecified ‘‘regulatory relief’’ for religious objectors to an Obama administration mandate, already scaled back by the courts, that required contraception services as part of health plans, the officials said.

‘‘For too long the federal government has used the state as a weapon against people of faith,’’ Trump said, later telling the religious leaders gathered for the event that ‘‘you’re now in a position to say what you want to say . . . No one should be censoring sermons or targeting pastors.’’

But the sweep of the order – unveiled on a National Day of Prayer – was significantly narrower than a February draft, which had alarmed civil libertarians, gay rights and other liberal advocacy groups and prompted threats of lawsuits.

Among other things, that version included a controversial provision that could have allowed federal contractors to discriminate against LGBT employees or single mothers on the basis of faith.

The order released Thursday instead included a blanket statement that ‘‘it is the policy of the administration to protect and vigorously promote religious liberty.’’

While Trump’s action was applauded by many in the Rose Garden, some religious groups criticized him for what they characterized as a vague directive that didn’t live up to his campaign rhetoric.

‘‘We strongly encourage the president to see his campaign promise through to completion and to ensure that all Americans – no matter where they live or what their occupation is – enjoy the freedom to peacefully live and work consistent with their convictions without fear of government punishment,’’ said Gregory Baylor, senior counsel for the pro-fatith group Alliance Defending Freedom

As a candidate and shortly after taking office, Trump declared he would ‘‘totally destroy’’ what’s known as the Johnson Amendment, a six-decade-old ban on churches and other tax-exempt organizations supporting political candidates.

The provision is written in the tax code and would require an act of Congress to repeal fully.

The order instead directs the Internal Revenue Service to ‘‘exercise maximum enforcement discretion of the prohibition.’’ Such a direction could be subject to legal challenge and would not necessarily extend beyond a Trump presidency.

‘‘President Trump’s executive order removes a sword of Damocles that has hung over the faith community for decades by administratively repealing the Johnson Amendment and restoring the right to political speech by pastors, churches and ministries,’’ Ralph Reed, chairman of the Faith & Freedom Coalition and a leading advocate of repealing the prohibition, said in a statement.

Violations of the Johnson Amendment are infrequently pursued by the IRS, but evangelicals claim it has been used selectively against them, preventing Christian leaders from speaking freely in church.

The amendment is named for Lyndon B. Johnson, who introduced it in the Senate in 1954, nine years before he became president.

The provision applies to all tax-exempt organizations, including many colleges and foundations.

Under current law, churches are free to promote political candidates but must forgo such activity to obtain tax-exempt status.

The repeal of the Johnson Amendment is also being written into the tax legislation being developed in the House of Representatives, according to congressional aides.

But both the provision and the broader legislation face substantial hurdles.

Trump’s religious liberties order was aimed at a key part of his base: Exit polls in November showed Trump defeating Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton 80 percent to 16 percent among white evangelical Christians.

Conservative Christian churches have become increasingly concerned that the federal government could come after their tax-exempt status if they profess opposition to gay rights and same-sex marriage. But some pastors have endorsed the Johnson amendment, arguing it protects what is supposed to be a spiritual haven from the pernicious intrusion of politics.

Before the release of the order, critics were particularly concerned about a provision in the February draft providing leeway to federal contractors to discriminate in the name of religious freedom.

That provision was not included in Thursday’s order.

A provision that was included in the order is a response to the issue raised in the prominent Hobby Lobby and Little Sisters of the Poor cases before the Supreme Court – whether employers must comply with the Affordable Care Act’s requirement that insurance cover contraception for women.

In the Hobby Lobby case, the court said some employers can opt out of paying for their employees’ birth control coverage for religious reasons. Afterward, the Obama administration announced new rules to allow for the insurance company to pay for the contraception instead.

The order calls for ‘‘regulatory relief’’ for those parties but does not spell out what that might entail. The White House official who briefed the media on Wednesday night did not elaborate.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Islamizzazione dell'Occidente, Religioni

Germania. I tedeschi ‘costernati’ stentano ad integrarsi con i turki.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-04-20.

2017-04-19__Germania. Turki integrati Col c@@o.__001

Rispetto ad altre nazioni la Germania ha il pregio di essere costantemente ripetitiva, caratteristica che la rende molto facilmente prevedibile.

Qualsiasi biblioteca degna di quel nome ha una raccolta del Völkischer Beobachter, «Osservatore popolare», organo ufficiale del partito nazionalsocialista. Leggere le edizioni di fine luglio 1943 è maieutico.

Il 23 luglio il Bomber Command lanciò contro la città di Amburgo una serie di incursioni impiegando oltre tremila bombardieri strategici, che si schermavano dietro un muro di “window“, piccole strisce di carta stagnola che misero fuori uso i radar tedeschi. Il 74% di Amburgo fu rasa al suolo, cinquemila fabbriche furono distrutte, unitamente agli otto cantieri navali: tra morti e feriti si conteggiarono un minimo di 100,000 perdite.

Il Völkischer Beobachter pubblicò articoli “esterrefatti” di come avesse potuto succedere un fatto del genere: quello di Amburgo era il primo bombardamento in grande stile degli agglomerati urbani tedeschi. Non solo: quegli screanzati degli Alleati avevano alla fine compiuto più di una decina di incursioni consecutive con perdite minime. I loro aerei da bombardamento giravano quasi indisturbati sulla Germania e bombardavano dove e quando volevano.

I fatti, e fatti ben evidenti, contraddicevano sfacciatamente quanto fino ad allora sostenuto dalla propaganda ufficiale, ossia che la Germania fosse inattaccabile, che gli alleati mai e poi mai si sarebbero azzardati a fare cose del genere, che la Luftwaffe era forza preponderante.

Il grande risultato di questi bombardamenti fu la messa a nudo di un’altra caratteristica tipica dei tedeschi: fino a tanto che non sono presi a cannonate o bombardati per benino non capiscono proprio nulla, si crogiolano nelle loro illusioni megalomani. Quando invece iniziano contare i propri morti, allora mostrano qualche barlume intellettivo. Più morti contano e meglio ragionano.

* * * * * * *

Le elezioni turke hanno avuto sui tedeschi lo stesso effetto dei bombardamenti di Amburgo: li hanno portati a capire quello che uno scugnizzo napoletano avrebbe capito benissimo trenta anni fa. Che volete che si dica? Sono un po’ lenti di comprendonio.

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«The latest unofficial results show 51.4 percent of voters in Turkey backed plans for an overhaul of the political system which will give Erdogan sweeping new powers, while support among 1.4 million eligible voters in Germany was far higher, at 63 percent»

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«In the western city of Essen, as many as 75.9 percent backed the “yes” campaign»

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«Germany is home to some 3 million people with Turkish roots and some politicians said the loyalty many showed to Erdogan, …. pointed to a rejection of democratic values»

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«Experts say many second and third generation Turks have not successfully integrated into wider German society and language is a problem»

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«The local mosques are polling stations for (Turkey’s ruling party) the AKP»

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«They wanted to protest about what they have felt for decades … That they feel discriminated against, that they feel excluded»

Ricapitolando.

I turki se ne impippano dei ‘valori‘ tedeschi. E questo sarebbe ancora il meno. Si lagnano anche ad alta voce che in Germania si sentono “discriminated” ed anche “excluded“. In parole povere. sono i tedeschi a doveri integrare con i turki, mica il contrario.

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Ma la vetta dello stupore e della costernazione corona il Deutsche Welle, organo di stampa governativo, maso chiuso dei socialdemocratici ideologizzati, degno successore del Völkischer Beobachter nazionalsocialista.

«More than 63 percent of the Turkish population in Germany cast “yes” votes in last Sunday’s referendum on enhancing the power and scope Turkish presidency»

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«the number of votes from Germany amounted to 0.23 percent of the total, where just over 51 percent of voters agreed to give current Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan sweeping powers»

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«German population with Turkish roots helps Erdogan win»

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«It wasn’t exorbitant, but the expat Turkish vote has hit a nerve»

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«hundreds of thousands of Turks living in Germany are loyal to Germany on an “economic and social level,” – but on a “political and ideological level, they are loyal to Er­do­gan»

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«existing conflict between Turkey and the EU, between a Christian and a predominantly Muslim society»

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«Germany has a community of about three million residents with Turkish roots»

* * * * * * * *

Il cuore del problema è racchiuso in pochissime parole:

«many second and third generation Turks

have not successfully integrated»

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Nessun turko e nessun musulmano potrà mai “integrarsi” nella attuale Weltanschauung tedesca ed occidentale in genere. Soltanto un tedesco liberal oppure socialista ideologico poteva credersi questa barzelletta.

Mentre turki ed islamici possono benissimo convivere con i cristiani cattolici, secoli di storia lo attestano, i “valori” basati sul rigetto attivo della religione e della tradizione, il relativismo etico e morale che consegue al processo sincretico, e quella sorta di religione cultuale della morte professata dagli attuali occidentali sono in stridente contrasto con la visione di vita islamica. Turki ed islamici non ne vogliono sapere proprio nulla. Così come non ne vogliono sapere di una “democrazia” intesa ed estinta nel “suffragio universale“. Loro vogliono Erdogan.

Tollerano la coabitazione, assorbono taluni costumi di vita, ma non ci si illuda: vestirsi all’occidentale invece che indossare il caftano non implica minimamente pensarla come pensa Frau Merkel.

Ed è stato proprio il voto dei turki che vivono in Germania quello determinante per la vittoria di Mr Erdogan. Brava Frau Merkel, li hai allevati bene.

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Ora i tedeschi iniziano a capire che se li sono presi in casa, ed iniziano anche a razionalizzare come grazie alla cultura occidentale della morte gli islamici procreino mentre loro sono sterili nella mente, nel cuore e, quindi, nell’utero.

Germania. Incidenza economica del calo demografico. – Bloomberg.

Germania. Realtà geografica, non più umana, politica ed economica.

Germania. Summit in Cancelleria per l’allarme demografico.

Già.

Erdogan ai turchi che vivono in Europa: “Fate almeno cinque figli, il futuro è vostro”

I turki crescono di numero, e votano. I tedeschi autoctoni decrescono di numero, ed i morti non votano.

Elezioni Olandesi. Il vero fatto nuovo. Denk.

Quindici anni, e gli equilibri numerici saranno rotti: e con il suffragio universale il voto di un turco vale il voto di un tedesco.

Oggi sono state le elezioni turke, domani saranno quelle tedesche, dopodomani quelle per il parlamento europeo, e così via. Ed ogni giorno che passa il numero dei turki e degl islamici aumenta e quello degli autoctoni diminuisce: assassinano i loro stessi figli con l’aborto generalizzato. E chi sfuggisse avrebbe un radioso avvenire di diversamente senziente ed alteramente pensante.

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Conclusioni.

Adesso che è troppo tardi i tedeschi iniziano a rendersi conto del macello che hanno fatto.

La loro Weltanschauung liberal e socialista li sta portando alla rovina, così come la loro cultura della morte. Si stanno suicidando con la loro cultura di morte.

Non sono turki ed islamici a doversi integrare con i tedeschi assimilandone gli ideali di vita: sono i tedeschi che dovranno imparare ad assimilasi ai turki ed agli islamici.

Gli anni di predominio islamico in Germania saranno terribili per gli autoctoni: la pagheranno e con gli interessi. I turki non sono per nulla buonisti. Quindici anni e le femine tedesche marceranno a passo dell’oca: ne vedremo delle belle!

A fine maggio si terrà la prima riunione dei partiti islamici che operano in Europa. Un mese dopo, a fine giugno in un ridente paesino mitteleuropeo, si riuniranno i rappresentanti di tutte le principali organizzazioni informali anti-establishment: non i partiti politici, bensì quelle che operano come supporter.

Per liberals, socialisti ideologici e per i loro sostenitori si prospettano tempi duri: il redde rationem si sta avvicinando a grandi passi.

Costernazione“? Terrore di essere trattati per come hanno trattato.

E così saranno trattati: tutti, non uno escluso. Nessuno si faccia illusioni di sorta.


Reuters. 2017-04-19. Pro-Erdogan vote among Turks in Germany unleashes integration row

Shocked by the support among Turks in Germany for handing new powers to President Tayyip Erdogan in Sunday’s referendum, several senior German lawmakers called on Tuesday for the rules on dual citizenship to be tightened.

The latest unofficial results show 51.4 percent of voters in Turkey backed plans for an overhaul of the political system which will give Erdogan sweeping new powers, while support among 1.4 million eligible voters in Germany was far higher, at 63 percent.

In the western city of Essen, as many as 75.9 percent backed the “yes” campaign, although some commentators cautioned that turnout in Germany was only 44 percent.

Germany is home to some 3 million people with Turkish roots and some politicians said the loyalty many showed to Erdogan, a leader viewed by many in the European Union as increasingly authoritarian, pointed to a rejection of democratic values.

“Those in a liberal country like Germany who vote to abolish freedom in Turkey or to limit it have obviously not accepted our values,” said Free Democrat (FDP) leader Christian Lindner, adding that Turks in Germany must respect its constitution.

Senior politicians in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s conservatives called for action.

“It is important that we reverse the changes that made it easier to get dual citizenship,” said Bavarian conservative Stephan Mayer. The rules were relaxed in 2000 and 2014.

About five months before a federal election, the right-wing Alternative for Germany (AfD), polling at between 7 and 11 percent, demanded a complete end to dual citizenship for Turks.

“That it needed a referendum in Turkey for the conservatives to realize that integration, above all of Turks, has failed, shows how removed they are,” said Emil Saenze, deputy head of the AfD parliamentary group in Baden-Wuerttemberg.

Many Turks came to West Germany after World War Two, providing labor for its “economic miracle”. Experts say many second and third generation Turks have not successfully integrated into wider German society and language is a problem.

The head of the Turkish Communities in Germany said those who backed Erdogan were protesting against their situation in the country.

“They wanted to protest about what they have felt for decades,” Gokay Sofuoglu told SWR radio. “That they feel discriminated against, that they feel excluded,” he said.

Observers also point out that many Turks in Germany come from conservative, rural areas of Turkey such as Anatolia and that the largest association of mosques in Germany, Ditib, brings in imams from Turkey.

“The local mosques are polling stations for (Turkey’s ruling party) the AKP,” sociologist Necla Kelek told Bild daily.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-04-19. Why many Turks in Germany voted ‘yes’ in Erdogan’s referendum

Hundreds of thousands of expat Turkish citizens in Germany voted in favor of giving sweeping new powers to the office of the Turkish president. Many Germans, and Turks who voted “no,” are taken aback.

*

More than 63 percent of the Turkish population in Germany cast “yes” votes in last Sunday’s referendum on enhancing the power and scope Turkish presidency.

According to Yunus Ulusoy of the Essen-based Center for Turkey Studies and Integration Research (ZfTI,) the number of votes from Germany amounted to 0.23 percent of the total, where just over 51 percent of voters agreed to give current Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan sweeping powers.

All the same, the percentage of “yes” votes by Turks living in Germany prompted Germany’s mass-selling daily newspaper Bild to run with the headline “German population with Turkish roots helps Erdogan win.”

Voter turnout of in Germany was about 49 percent – so all in all, less than half a million Turkish residents in Germany eligible to vote in the referendum supported President Erdogan’s bid to end the country’s current parliamentary political system.

Germany has a community of about three million residents with Turkish roots, roughly half of whom were entitled to vote in Sunday’s referendum.

Consternation in Germany

It wasn’t exorbitant, but the expat Turkish vote has hit a nerve.

The head of Germany’s Greens Party said on Tuesday that some Turkish citizens living in Germany seem to think they can “get away with touching the constitution with just the tips of their toes.” To be happy in the long run in Germany, people have to completely accept the “values and constitution of our country,” said 51-year-old Cem Öz­de­mir, himself of Turkish descent.

Germany is going to have to accept the fact that hundreds of thousands of Turks living in Germany are loyal to Germany on an “economic and social level,” – but on a “political and ideological level, they are loyal to Er­do­gan,” commented Christian Democratic (CDU) politician Wolf­gang Bos­bach.

Protest against adopted homeland

Largely, their vote was a form of protest, said Detlef Pollack, a professor of sociology of religion at Münster University who has conducted extensive studies on the integration of Turks living in Germany.

“Older men in particular like the fact that someone is finally showing the West, the EU, how things should be; it’s an expression of defiance, assertiveness and resentment,” Pollack told DW, adding he was surprised that Turks living in Germany were prepared to give in to these feelings, so frivolously jeopardizing Turkey’s democratic achievements.

Professor Pollack is convinced people want to preserve democracy in Turkey. On the other hand, he points out the existing conflict between Turkey and the EU, between a Christian and a predominantly Muslim society – “a conflict that overshadows political issues.”

“It’s difficult to cast a clear political vote because suddenly, questions of pride, nationality, identity and religion gain importance to a degree that political pragmatism takes a back seat.”

Opposed to a ‘one-man regime’

Concerned about a “one-man regime,” the Turkish community in Germany said in various newspaper interviews that they would strive to find a way to better communicate with “Turks living in freedom in Germany but who desire an autocracy for Turks living in Turkey.”

Thomas Kufen, mayor of the western German city of Essen, wonders why President Erdogan’s policies are attractive to Turks living in Germany.

The answer, the mayor told German WDR radio, appears to be that in appealing directly to Turks in Germany, Erdogan treats them with the respect they miss in German society, and from German politicians.

The number of expat Turkish voters in his city who cast a “yes” ballot was 75 percent.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Religioni, Unione Europea

Frankfurt. 30,000 Curdi dimostrano in piazza.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-03-19.

2017-03-19__Frankfurt__001

La Germania è un paese europeo che sta mutando molto velocemente, e la domanda “cosa è e cosa rappresenta la Germania” diviene ogni giorno più attuale. La Germania non è più sicuramente quella di Gugliemone, ma nemmeno quella di dieci ani fa.

Se la geografia è immutata, la popolazione sta variando rapidamente.

«Total population is 80.2 million. (2014)

–    German citizens: 74 million (92.3% of total population)[42]

–    German citizens of no migrant background: 64.7 million (80% of total population)[43]

–    German citizens of immigrant background: 9.9 million (12.3%)

–    Foreign nationals: (7.7%)» [Fonte].

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«2.3 million families with children under 18 years were living in Germany, in which at least one parent had foreign roots. They represented 29% of the total of 8.1 million families with minor children» [Fonte].

*

«the proportion of migrant families in all families was 32% in the former territory of the Federal Republic» [Fonte].

*

«18.4% of Germans of any age group and 30% of German children had at least one parent born abroad» [Fonte].

*

«Families with a migrant background more often have three or more minor children in the household than families without a migrant background» [Fonte].

*

«Median age for Germans with at least one parent born abroad was 33.8 years, while that for Germans, who had two parents born in Germany was 44.6 years» [Fonte].

*

2,714.000 residenti in Germania sono turki o con ascendente turko: salvo rare eccezioni hanno conservato il turko come lingua madre. Di questi, circa 350,00 sono kurdi o con ascendente kurdo.

* * * * * * *

Avendo ben presenti i dati riportati, alcune considerazioni sorgono spontanee.

– Alcune delle enclavi straniere in Germania, la turka per esempio, a prima vista sembrerebbero essere integrate, ma l’aver assunto costumi tedeschi e rispettarne le leggi non significa minimamente averne assorbito la mentalità. Per ottenere ciò, ossia una reale integrazione, occorrono generazioni, non mesi od anni.

– Quando le patrie da cui sono gemmate queste enclavi dovessero entrare in conflitto, immediatamente questo acuirebbe le tensioni tra enclavi in Germania. Si genererebbero in altre parole tutte le circostanze necessarie per una guerra civile in suolo tedesco.

– In questa ultima evenienza, tutt’altro che remota, è totalmente ininfluente che i tedeschi autoctoni abbiano assunto un atteggiamento neutrale: intanto la guerra civile la avrebbero sul proprio territorio, mica distante mille miglia.

– La Germania è obbligata quindi a seguire una politica estera molto prudente, specie quando siano coinvolte delle nazioni dalle quali abbiano ricevuto numerosi immigrati.

– Che tra kurdi e turki non corra buon sangue dovrebbe essere cosa nota. Esattamente come dovrebbe essere cosa nota come da quasi cinquanta anni sia in corso un conflitto asimmetrico tra kurdi e turki. E le recenti prese di posizione tedesche nei confronti della Turkia, specie poi su problemi etici, altro non fanno che rinfocolare le tensioni ed importarle sul suolo tedesco.

*

In questa ottica si facciano due conti.

Nella dimostrazione di Frankfurt sono scesi in piazza circa 30,000 kurdi: è il dieci per cento del totale dei kurdi presenti in Germania. Una compattezza non da poco, oggi nel dimostrare, domani chissà. Attenzione però al futuro.

«Oggi, Erdogan invita i turchi che vivono in Europa a fare 5 figli ciascuno: “Sarà la migliore risposta all’ingiustizia che vi è stata fatta”, ha detto il premier turco.

Un’invasione numerica prima ancora che culturale, insomma, mossa da una vendetta radicale verso i presunti torti che i turchi avrebbero subito. ….

Intanto il partito dei turchi residenti in Olanda, “Denk“, ha conquistato la sua prima piccola vittoria, eleggendo nella camera bassa tre deputati.

“Denk” (Pensa) è il primo partito olandese ad essere stato fondato da immigrati di origine turca.» [Fonte]

 


Bbc. 2017-03-17. Germany Turkey: 30,000 Kurds in Frankfurt anti-Erdogan protest

Some 30,000 Turkish Kurds have held a demonstration in the German city of Frankfurt against the Turkish President, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Protesters came from all over Germany ahead of Kurdish new year celebrations.

They called for democracy and a No vote in next month’s Turkish referendum on increasing presidential powers. Many carried symbols of the banned PKK.

Turkey condemned the gathering as “unacceptable” and accused Germany of hypocrisy for allowing it.

A diplomatic row has been escalating between the countries since Germany refused to let Turkish ministers hold pro-government rallies in the country two weeks ago.

Mr Erdogan’s spokesman Ibrahim Kalin said in a statement: “It is unacceptable to see PKK symbols and slogans… when Turkish ministers and lawmakers are being prevented from meeting their own citizens.

“We once again remind European countries: on April 16 the decision is to be made by the (Turkish nation), not Europe.”

A police spokesman described Saturday’s rally in Frankfurt as peaceful.

Many of the demonstrators carried banners of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), which has battled the Turkish state for more than three decades.

More than 40,000 people have been killed since the PKK launched its insurgency in 1984, and the European Union and United States both consider it a terror organisation.

About 1.4 million Turks in Germany can vote in the April referendum, which could give Mr Erdogan new powers over the budget and the appointment of ministers and judges, as well as the power to dismiss parliament.

Waning EU hopes

On Monday Mr Erdogan stepped up a week of anti-German rhetoric by accusing Chancellor Angela Merkel of “supporting terrorists”.

Her spokesman described the jibe as “clearly absurd”.

He also accused Germany of “Nazi practices” for blocking his ministers from speaking in Germany.

Senior German officials have cast doubt on Turkey’s chances of joining the EU, as it continues to claim it is being treated unfairly by countries in western Europe.

In an interview published by Hamburg weekly Der Spiegel, Germany’s foreign minister suggested that the most Turkey can hope for is to one day achieve a “privileged partnership” with the EU.

“Turkey is further away than ever before from EU membership,” Sigmar Gabriel was quoted as saying.

The verdict came after Mr Erdogan urged Turks living in Europe to deploy a baby boom as a response to Europe’s “injustices”.

Speaking in the city of Eskisehir, he addressed “his brothers and sisters in Europe”, saying: “Have not just three but five children. The place in which you are living and working is now your homeland and new motherland. Stake a claim to it.

“Open more businesses, enrol your children in better schools, make your family live in better neighbourhoods, drive the best cars, live in the most beautiful houses.”

The comments have angered German nationalists, who responded by calling for an end to dual citizenship.


Ansa. 2017-03-17. 30.000 curdi in piazza a Francoforte

BERLINO, 18 MAR – In occasione del Newroz, il capodanno curdo, migliaia di persone sono scese in piazza oggi a Francoforte, nell’ovest della Germania, per chiedere “democrazia in Turchia” e “libertà per il Kurdistan”.
    30.000 le persone in piazza, secondo la polizia che ha riferito di una manifestazione pacifica anche se – nonostante fossero stati vietati – qualcuno ha innalzato striscioni e bandiere del Pkk (Partito dei lavoratori del Kurdistan) e ha portato cartelli con la fotografia dello storico leader Abdullah Öcalan. La polizia ha fatto sapere di non essere intervenuta per sequestrarli per non provocare incidenti ma di aver fotografato i manifestanti che ne erano in possesso in modo da poterli eventualmente perseguire nei prossimi giorni.

    In serata la Turchia, facendo riferimento alla protesta di Francoforte, ha nuovamente criticato la Germania per aver concesso che si svolgesse una manifestazione del Pkk, che Ankara considera un’organizzazione terroristica.

Pubblicato in: Amministrazione, Religioni, Trump

Trump. Deobamizzato il Planned Parenthood.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-03-14.

gufo_026__

Il nome è suadente: “Planned Parenthood”, ossia “Genitorialtà pianificata”.

«Planned Parenthood Federation of America, Inc. (PPFA), or Planned Parenthood, is a nonprofit organization that provides reproductive health services both in the United States and globally. It is a tax-exempt corporation under Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3), and a member association of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). PPFA has its roots in Brooklyn, New York, where Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in the U.S. in 1916. Sanger founded the American Birth Control League in 1921, which changed its name to Planned Parenthood in 1942.

Planned Parenthood consists of 159 medical and non-medical affiliates, which operate over 650 health clinics in the U.S. It partners with organizations in 12 countries globally. The organization directly provides a variety of reproductive health services and sexual education, contributes to research in reproductive technology, and advocates for the protection and expansion of reproductive rights.» [Fonte]

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Nella realtà dei fati le azioni differiscono dalle parole.

«Planned Parenthood si batte negli Stati Uniti in favore della legislazione abortista, dell’educazione sessuale, dell’accesso a certi servizi medici anche contrastando la libertà all’obiezione di coscienza.» [Fonte]

Nel 2014, ultimi dati disponibili, ha patrocinato se non imposto 324,000 aborti.

*

Mica che siano dei poveracci.

«Its combined annual revenue is US$1.3 billion, including approximately US$530 million in government funding such as Medicaid reimbursements» [Fonte].

Poi ci sono le donazioni.

Ma alla fine dell’anno fiscale restano in cassa 229.9 milioni Usd di utili, da ripartirsi tra i soci. [Fonte]

Soci tutti rigorosamente liberals democratici, ovviamente.

* * * * * * *

Ma il Presidente Trump se ne accorto.

«The organization finally admits that abortions are vital to its mission»

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«Planned Parenthood could continue to receive its $500 million in federal funding annually, if it would stop performing abortions.»

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«A whopping 86 percent of the organization’s non-government provided revenue is garnered from the abortions it provides, generating a significant portion of its profit.»

* * * * * * *

In venti anni Planned Parenthood ha assassinato oltre sei milioni di feti, legalmente si potrebbe dire anche se non è vero, ma anche i nazionalsocialisti hanno assassinato sei milioni di Ebrei dicendo che era legale: a quell’epoca era legge in Germania.

E tutto questo però è stato fatto in modo illegale.

«Planned Parenthood’s prohibited from using federal funds to provide abortions. The Hyde Amendment, which was signed into law in 1976, bars the use of taxpayer money to pay for abortions except in the cases of rape, incest, or danger to a pregnant women’s health».

Legge questa mai applicata grazie alla complicità dei Procuratori generali affiliati ai liberals democratici, per i quali si applicano esclusivamente le leggi che piacciono ai dem: si “interpretano“.

* * * * * * *

Ma se già l’assassinio di un feto è cosa orripilante, ancor più lo è farlo con denaro pubblico ed, infine, traendone guadagni illegali, alle stregua dell’Anonima Omicidi. Farlo poi in dispregio alle leggi è ancor peggio.


The Washington Times. 2017-03-12. Why Planned Parenthood must be defunded

The organization finally admits that abortions are vital to its mission.

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President Donald Trump tried to make a deal this week, and it was really simple.

Planned Parenthood could continue to receive its $500 million in federal funding annually, if it would stop performing abortions.

It was a non-starter.

Planned Parenthood is proud to provide abortion — a necessary service that’s as vital to our mission as birth control or cancer screenings,” Cecile Richards, president of Planned Parenthood wrote on Twitter in response to Mr. Trump’s proposal.

But I thought abortions were only 3 percent of its service activity — and that no taxpayer money actually went to fund them. Now Ms. Richards is saying abortions are a vital part of Planned Parenthood’s existence, and the organization won’t go on without them.

It’s all mind-boggling.

Planned Parenthood’s prohibited from using federal funds to provide abortions. The Hyde Amendment, which was signed into law in 1976, bars the use of taxpayer money to pay for abortions except in the cases of rape, incest, or danger to a pregnant women’s health.

Of course, that’s all a farce — a fact that was proven by Ms. Richards rejecting Mr. Trump’s proposal outright.

Since money is fungible, taxpayer funds are used by the organization to free up its overhead costs, so it can subsidize its abortion clinics. Money saved in one area, can be used in another. Other than Planned Parenthood’s pledges it doesn’t directly use federal dollars on abortions, there’s no evidence to suggest taxpayer monies aren’t what’s paying a clinician’s salary or maintaining an abortion room.

It’s also Planned Parenthood’s biggest business. Ms. Richards likes to talk about how the organization is a health care provider, in that it does cancer screenings (no Planned Parenthood clinic has a mammogram machine), birth control, and checkups — but in reality that’s not what generates their income.

A whopping 86 percent of the organization’s non-government provided revenue is garnered from the abortions it provides, generating a significant portion of its profit. Moreover, there’s been several cases where Planned Parenthood has, in fact, billed taxpayers for abortions.

You see, the Hyde Amendment prohibits federal funds from being used specifically for abortions, but it doesn’t account for state dollars, vis-a-vis Medicaid programs. Seventeen states allow for elective abortions to be reimbursed by Medicaid. According to research compiled by Toomanyaborted.com, in California alone, it appears taxpayers foot the bill for about 80,000 abortions a year.

Moreover, federal and state audits compiled by the Alliance Defending Freedom on Planned Parenthood have revealed staggering cases of waste, fraud and abuse at the organization — and examples where it was billing federal taxpayers for abortions.

In 2013, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of the Inspector General conducted a Medicaid Integrity report, and found several states were improperly claiming federal monies for family planning services. California overcharged the federal government for the services, some which HHS found weren’t even related to family planning.

A similar audit in 2008, which focused solely on New York, found hundreds of thousands of abortion-related claims were improperly billed to Medicaid by labeling them “family planning.”

Planned Parenthood submits practically all of its billing to the state and the federal government as “family planning,” thereby obscuring the lines of what is an abortion versus a birth control visit, even further.

It comes as no surprise that Ms. Richards would absolutely shut down an offer by Mr. Trump to stop performing abortions. She runs the largest abortion-chain in the nation, committing one-third of all of them.

Planned Parenthood serviced 2.5 million clients in 2015, according to their annual report. According to Fox News, while that number may seem high, it means that 98 percent of women of reproductive age will never set foot in a Planned Parenthood clinic any given year for health care.

It’s an abortion provider. Period.

It’s time to federally defund.

Pubblicato in: Religioni

Martin Luther. La Germania lo celebra ma non lo ha mai letto.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-03-13.

Martin_Lutero_1

Questo anno ricorre il 500° anniversario del giorno in cui Martin Luther affisse alla porta del duomo di Wittenberg le sue 95 tesi, dando così inizio alla riforma protestante: riforma religiosa e politica.

Senza ombra di dubbio Luther impresse una profonda mutazione nel corso della storia europea.

È anche difficile non ricordare come la rivolta politica della Germania e dei paesi nordici si fosse ammantata di un candido mantello religioso luterano proprio nel momento in cui l’Impero cattolico dovette affrontare nel 1529 il primo, terribile assedio di Vienna ad opera di Solimano il Magnifico.

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Il Deutsche Welle è uscito con un editoriale su Martin Luther dal titolo che è tutto un programma:

Luther is famous, but we know little about him.

«there is very little information about him and his life, and it usually consists of half-truths and legends».

Verissimo. Estremamente vero.

La gente ben poco conosce di Luther, e quel poco che conosce non è per lettura diretta dei suoi scritti, bensì di estratti da enchiridi che danno ampio spazio alle leggende.

È allignante quanto poco la gente comune legga e voglia leggere. Tutto sta diventando banalità liquidabile in tre righe. Parlare, parlare, parlare: mai stare zitti, nel silenzio della propria mente, a pensare e meditare. A rivedere criticamente quanto appreso.

Ed usualmente meno una persona legge e più parla come se fosse profonda conoscitrice della materia.

Alla fine arriva al punto da credere che sia vero ciò che si è inventata: la storia da documentale trapassa nella leggenda.

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Il dramma di Luther è che quasi nessuno lo ha letto. Spesso anche religiosi luterani, pastori e financo vescovi lo conoscono soltanto tramite riassunti, più o meno aderenti, ma che gli fanno dire ciò che vogliono.

Condiviso o meno, accettato o combattuto, Luther è una personalità troppo grande per meritarsi un simile spregiativo comportamento.

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Senza nessuna pretesa di nessun tipo, riproponiamo un articolo già comparso che riporta ampi brani di Martin Luther. Si è optato per la traduzione italiana standard per rendere il testo più facilmente leggibile: non tutti sono tenuti  a conoscere le lingue tardo-medievali, né ad avere a portata di mano dizionari specialistici.

Il Lettore si formi tranquillamente la Sua opinione su questi brevi ma significativi brani.

Lutero. Oggi è l’anniversario. Ma avete mai letto cosa scrisse?


Nota.

Ringrazio il mio Mentore che quando ero ragazzino mi allungò un sonoro ceffone perché avevo letto un commento ad un autore senza prima averne letto il testo originale. Lo ringrazio e lo benedico.

Ad oggi, molto spesso, quando sento qualcuno parlare di qualcosa o di qualcuno, mi viene naturale domandarmi di ché parli. Poi quasi sempre si sta zitti per carità cristiana.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-03-12. Luther is famous, but we know little about him

Don’t you know Martin Luther? Why not? Admittedly, the man last made headlines 500 years ago. What’s more, there is very little information about him and his life, and it usually consists of half-truths and legends.

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‘As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs.’

This jingle was used by Dominican monk Johan Tetzel, who was known for selling indulgences throughout Germany. Tetzel’s work was irrelevant to Luther’s theological concerns; however, Luther was angry about the sale of indulgences, the paying of money to the church in return for the remission of sins. He never intended to question the church or the pope. But on October 31, 1517, Luther wrote to Archbishop Albrecht of Mainz asking for rectification and a disputation, meaning an academic debate on the issue.

Nailing the theses

Luther prepared a collection of arguments and points of criticism as a basis for the debate. According to his own accounts, 95 of these points became the theses that he personally nailed with a hammer to the Wittenberg church door. However, this has never been proved. On the other hand, the phenomenal effect of these theses quickly spread throughout the country. Luther probably became famous because the theses critical of the church were printed on a leaflet that was in circulation.

The inventor of High German

Luther translated the New Testament into German in just 11 weeks,. He was not the first to translate the Bible but he was the first to use the Greek original as the source text and not the Latin translation. He translated the historical text with great linguistic skill, poeticism and imagery; his translation surpassed all previous German translations. Everyone was able to understand the Bible, as he used simple language. It was no wonder that his writings rapidly spread with the help of the 16th century’s new technology of book printing. He became famous despite – or because of – his crude language. “Why don’t you fart or burp?” was a question that made him famous as well.

Was Luther a social revolutionary?

Actually, this is far from the truth. Luther wanted to reform the church and faith matters together with church authorities and not against their will. He was not a revolutionary in the modern sense of the word. Present-day historians call him “the last medieval man and the first modern one.” He was interested in the renewal of faith and rediscovery of religion for individuals and society. The advent of tolerance and pluralism was only an indirect consequence of his activities. During the German Peasants’ Revolt of 1524-1526, Luther opposed the peasants after he had first called for peace. In his written piece “Against the Murderous, Thieving Hordes of Peasants,” he asked authorities to use their swords in the name of God.

Obey authority

Luther distinguished between the divine and the worldly realms. The peasants’ revolt that was guided by his new doctrine on one hand but made social and political demands on the other was an unacceptable mixture of the two realms. With the imminent loss of secular order, Luther also saw that his theological concerns were under threat. He urged the authorities to act against the insurgents.

Luther demanded nothing more than the obedience of subjects to their lords. In the 19th century, his ideas were the foundation of German authoritarian governments; however, researchers now have a much more nuanced view on the subject.

Freedom of conscience

When the function of clergy as a link between the believer and God was, so to speak, abolished, Luther’s Reformation filled the vacancy with the human conscience. The thoughts and actions of every Christian were no longer a part of the ecclesiastical hierarchy, but instead, each person was solely responsible to their own conscience. This was revolutionary, but it had nothing to do with individualism as we know it today. To Luther, freedom of conscience meant his conscience was “captive to the Word of God,” to use his words. It was simply about faith. 

‘Here I stand …’

Luther’s most famous quote from the Diet of Worms in 1521, where he refused to retract his criticism of the church, has not been substantiated. After he had argued on the basis of the Holy Scriptures and his conscience, he finished his speech with the words, “God help me. Amen.” The added sentence, “Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise,” is evidently a legend. It has not been found in the minutes or eyewitness accounts. Perhaps it was used for dramatic effect when portraying Luther’s steadfastness.

Luther and music

Luther can also be considered as the inventor of the hymn, and wrote several himself. The chorale was one of the defining elements of the Reformation movement and an integral part of church services. Since Luther’s era, singing together in German has been part of the tradition and identity of Protestants. Nothing proves it more than a book of hymns. Some of Luther’s songs have even become spiritual folk songs. The most well-known one, “From Heaven Above to Earth I Come,” is still a popular Christmas carol in Germany today.

Celibacy and sexuality

Long before he married Katharina von Bora, Luther had a clear opinion about the sexuality of monks and nuns. He believed that celibacy demanded superhuman powers and that only a very few among thousands would be able to be abstain from sex, even with the help of God.

In short, sexuality and marriage were part of the divine order, in Luther’s opinion. Although he was sexually abstinent as a young man, just before his wedding he spoke of the “hell of celibacy” that ruined Christians. Ever since, the image of the Protestant vicarage with children running around has been a symbol of Protestantism. It was the basis for the broadening of academic education and the pastor’s children were the first beneficiaries. Even in the 16th century, it was said that pastors had many books and many children.

Anti-Judaism

Should a man who spoke and wrote so mercilessly about Jews be celebrated? In light of the Holocaust centuries later, the Protestant Church has a problem, especially in the anniversary year. Luther’s polemic against the Jewish people reveals unbridled aggression combined with dreams of annihilation. Luther himself had little contact with Jews. His ideas about Jews and Muslims stemmed from the notion that Christian truth is absolute. His anti-Judaism, however, had nothing to do with the much later anti-Semitism of the Nazis. But the National Socialists made ample use of Luther’s aggressive tirades. Only in the 1950s did the Protestant Church gradually distance itself from Luther’s image of Jews. And what about today? His anti-Semitism would probably discredit him, the president of the German Protestant Church Congress, Christina Aus der Au, said in an interview with DW. He would probably not have been invited to the German Protestant Church Congress today.

Pubblicato in: Religioni, Senza categoria

Papa Francescus conferma l’elezione di Mgr Ocariz a Prelato dell’Opus Dei.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-01-24.

ocariz-fernando-001

«This evening, Pope Francis has named Mons. Fernando Ocáriz Braña prelate of Opus Dei. The Holy Father confirmed the election of the third elective congress of the prelature in the same day»

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Che l’Altissimo ne benedica la persona e l’Apostolato.

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La Prelatura della Santa Croce e Opus Dei, più conosciuta nella forma abbreviata Opus Dei, è una prelatura personale della Chiesa cattolica, l’unica esistente attualmente nell’ordinamento canonico.

La Prelatura aveva a tutto il 2015 93,986 membri, 91,020 laici e 2,094 sacerdoti.

«La prelatura personale è un’istituzione di natura gerarchica della Chiesa cattolica, eretta dalla Sede Apostolica per attuare peculiari opere pastorali, per diverse regioni o per diversi gruppi sociali.

Ad oggi, soltanto l’Opus Dei ha lo status di prelatura personale, richiesto nel 1969 e concesso nel 1982 da Giovanni Paolo II.

La struttura giurisdizionale secolare della prelatura personale venne prevista, per la prima volta, dal decreto del Concilio Vaticano II Presbyterorum Ordinis del 7 dicembre 1965. Regolata, in via sperimentale, dal motu proprio di Paolo VI Ecclesiae Sanctae del 6 agosto 1966, fu definitivamente inclusa nel titolo IV del Codice di diritto canonico del 1983, ai canoni dal 294 al 297:

    canone 294

        Al fine di promuovere un’adeguata distribuzione dei presbiteri o di attuare speciali opere pastorali o missionarie per le diverse regioni o per le diverse categorie sociali, la Sede Apostolica può erigere prelature personali formate da presbiteri e da diaconi del clero secolare, udite le Conferenze Episcopali interessate.

    canone 295

        comma 1. La prelatura personale è retta dagli statuti fatti dalla Sede Apostolica e ad essa viene preposto un Prelato come Ordinario proprio, il quale ha il diritto di erigere un seminario nazionale o internazionale, di incardinare gli alunni e di promuoverli agli ordini con il titolo del servizio della prelatura.

        comma 2. Il Prelato deve provvedere sia alla formazione spirituale di coloro che ha promosso con il predetto titolo, sia al loro decoroso sostentamento.

    canone 296

        I laici possono dedicarsi alle opere apostoliche di una prelatura personale mediante convenzioni stipulate con la prelatura stessa; il modo di tale organica cooperazione e i principali doveri e diritti con essa connessi siano determinati con precisione negli statuti.

    canone 297

        Parimenti gli statuti definiscono i rapporti della prelatura personale con gli Ordinari del luogo nelle cui Chiese particolari la prelatura stessa esercita o intende esercitare, previo consenso del Vescovo diocesano, le sue opere pastorali o missionarie.» [Fonte]


Opus Dei. 2017-01-24. Pope Francis names Mons. Fernando Ocáriz prelate of Opus Dei

This evening, Pope Francis has named Mons. Fernando Ocáriz Braña prelate of Opus Dei. The Holy Father confirmed the election of the third elective congress of the prelature in the same day.

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This evening, Pope Francis has named Mons. Fernando Ocáriz Braña prelate of Opus Dei. The Holy Father confirmed the election of the third elective congress of the prelature in the same day.

With this appointment, Monsignor Fernando Ocáriz, who until now has been Auxiliary Vicar of Opus Dei, becomes the third successor of Saint Josemaria at the head of the prelature, following the death of Mons. Javier Echevarría, this past December 12th.

Monsignor Fernando Ocáriz was born in Paris on October 27, 1944, to a Spanish family exiled in France due to the Civil War (1936-1939). He is the youngest of 8 children.

He graduated from the University of Barcelona with a degree in Physical Sciences in 1966. He received a licentiate in Theology from the Pontifical Lateran University in 1969 and a doctorate in Theology from the University of Navarre in 1971, the year he was ordained a priest. In his first years as a priest he was especially involved in ministry to young people and to university students.

He is a consultor for the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (since 1986), as well as other departments of the Roman Curia: the Congregation for the Clergy (since 2003) and the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization (since 2011). He has been a member of the Pontifical Theological Academy since 1989. In the 1980’s, he was among the professors who began the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross (Rome), where he was a tenured professor (now emeritus) in Fundamental Theology.

Among his theological publications, his books on Christology are especially noteworthy, like The Mystery of Jesus Christ: a Christology and Soteriology Textbook and Hijos de Dios en Cristo. Introducción a una teología de la participación sobrenatural. His publications have dealt largely with theological and philosophical themes, like Amar con obras: a Dios y a los hombres and Naturaleza, gracia y gloria, with a preface by Cardinal Ratzinger. In 2013, Rafael Serrano’s extensive interview with him was published under the title Sobre Dios, la Iglesia y el mundo. He has also published two philosophical works: El marxismo: teoría y práctica de una revolución and Voltaire: tratado sobre la tolerancia. In addition, he is co-author of several monographs, as well as many theological and philosophical articles.

Since 1994 he has been the Vicar General of Opus Dei, and in 2014 he was named Auxiliary Vicar of the Prelature. Over the past 22 years he has accompanied the previous Prelate, Mons. Javier Echevarría, in his pastoral trips to more than 70 countries. In the 1960’s, as a theology student, he lived in Rome alongside Saint Josemaría, the Founder of Opus Dei. From a young age he has been an avid fan of tennis, which he continues to play.

In the upcoming days, the new prelate will propose the names of his vicars to the congress participants, as well as the other new members of the councils that will assist him during the next 8 years.


Rai News. 2017-01-24. Opus Dei, nominato il nuovo prelato: è Fernando Ocariz.

Nonostante abbia 72 anni compiuti, monsignor Fernando Ocariz, il nuovo prelato dell’Opus Dei, continua a praticare il suo sport preferito: il tennis. Un dettaglio che dice molto di questo sacerdote spagnolo ma nato a Parigi, teologo brillante e molto stimato da Benedetto XVI ma del quale ieri notte Papa Francesco ha prontamente approvato la nomina confermando l’elezione avvenuta durante il terzo Congresso elettorale della prelatura, lunedi’ 23 gennaio. Con questa nomina, monsignor Fernando Ocariz, che fino a questo momento era vicario ausiliare dell’Opus Dei, diventa il terzo successore di san Josemaria alla guida della prelatura, dopo la morte di mons. Javier Echevarria avvenuta lo scorso 12 dicembre. Fernando Ocariz è nato a Parigi il 27 ottobre 1944, in una famiglia spagnola in esilio in Francia durante la Guerra civile spagnola (1936-1939). E’ il piu’ giovane di 8 figli. Laureato in Fisica presso l’Universita’ di Barcellona (1966). Ottenne la licenza in Teologia presso la Pontificia Università Lateranense nel 1969 e il dottorato presso l’Università di Navarra nel 1971, anno in cui fu ordinato sacerdote. Nei suoi primi anni di sacerdozio si dedicò specialmente alla pastorale dei giovani e degli universitari. E’ consultore della Congregazione per la Dottrina della Fede (dal 1986) e di altri dicasteri della Curia di Roma: Congregazione per il Clero (dal 2003) e Pontificio Consiglio per la Promozione della Nuova Evangelizzazione (dal 2011). E’ membro della Pontificia Accademia Teologica dal 1989. Negli anni ’80 e’ stato uno dei professori che iniziarono il lavoro dell’Universita’ Pontificia della Santa Croce (a Roma) in cui è stato professore ordinario di Teologia Fondamentale e dove ora è professore emerito. Tra le sue pubblicazioni troviamo libri sulla cristologia come: The mystery of Jesus Christ: a Christology and Soteriology textbook; Hijos de Dios en Cristo. Introduccion a una teologia de la participacion sobrenatural. Altri suoi testi trattano temi di natura teologica e filosofica come Amor a Dios, amor a los hombres o Natura, grazia e gloria, che contiene anche una prefazione del cardinale Ratzinger. Nel 2013 è stata pubblicata un’ampia intervista a cura di Rafael Serrano con il titolo La Chiesa, mondo riconciliato. Tra le sue opere ci sono anche due studi di filosofia dal titolo Il marxismo: teoria e pratica di una rivoluzione; Voltaire; Tratado sobre la tolerancia. Inoltre è coautore di numerose monografie e autore di molti articoli teologici e filosofici. Fu nominato Vicario Generale della Prelatura dell’Opus Dei il 23 aprile 1994 e Vicario Ausiliare nel dicembre 2014. Durante gli ultimi 22 anni ha accompagnato il prelato precedente, mons. Javier Echevarria, nelle sue visite pastorali in più di 70 nazioni. Negli anni 60, mentre stava studiando teologia, ha vissuto con san Josemaria Escrivia, fondatore della Opus Dei. Sin da giovane è appassionato di tennis, uno sport che continua a praticare. Nei prossimi giorni il nuovo prelato proporrà ai congressisti i nomi dei suoi vicari e dei membri dei nuovi consigli che lo assisteranno durante i prossimi 8 anni.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Religioni, Sistemi Politici, Unione Europea

Francia. Il ritorno alle radici religiose, storiche e culturali, dice lo Spiegel.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-12-15.

 cattedrale-di-chartres-001

Lo Spiegel è un giornale da sempre di sinistra, quasi portavoce del partito socialdemocratico, Linke e Grüne: tratto caratteristico socialista ideologico.

Ma da qualche mese ha iniziato a pubblicare articoli molto critici su tali posizioni. Non siamo ancora a livello di autocritica, ma sicuramente stanno cercando di capire il perché di tutta una lunga serie di insuccessi brucianti, il maggiore dei quali è la perdita del consenso elettorale. Hanno compreso che un’epoca è mutata.

Questo editoriale, firmato per di più anche da Simone Salden, Justus-Knecht-Gymnasium, Deutsche Journalistenschule, Universität Heidelberg, prima assunzione al Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, quindi al Der Spiegel.

Il tema affrontato è talmente spinoso che lo Spiegel è al secondo editoriale in materia, essendo il primo pubblicato nel fascicolo 49/2016 del 3 dicembre.

* * * * * * *

In estrema sintesi, lo Spiegel constata come l’elettorato francese sia tornato alle radici religiose, storiche, culturali e sociali di quella grande nazione e, specificatamente, al suo retaggio cattolico. Constata con vivo stupore come simili sentimenti non solo non siano morti, ma che siano proprio loro causa efficiente della débâcle socialista, della sconfitta di Sarkozy e, poi, di quella di Juppé.

Maurizio Blondet ha recentemente pubblicato un accurato studio sulla situazione religiosa francese, evidenziando come il ritorno alla religione avvenga come ritorno alla dogmatica ed al rito pre-conciliare. Questo nuovo modo di vivere la religione rende le nuove leve cattoliche staccate dall’attuale gerarchia diocesana, decisamente conciliarista ma in via di estinzione per carenza vocazionale.

Francia: Cattolici ringiovaniti. In rito antico.

*

Francia. Dopo decenni di persecuzioni il voto cattolico è determinante.

«The nave of Église Saint-Lambert de Vaugirard is dark, with only the crypt bathed in yellow candlelight. Every Wednesday evening at 8:30, young Catholics meet here in Paris’ 15th arrondissement for a prayer circle. The party headquarters of the Républicains, the conservative political party, are just 500 meters away»

*

«Of course I voted for Fillon. …. He is the only sensible choice for a Catholic»

*

«With the choice of François Fillon two Sundays ago as the Republicans’ candidate for next year’s French presidential election, a France has spoken that is, at its core, much more conservative and Catholic than is readily apparent from the outside. They may be a numerical minority, but their concerns and aspirations are shared by many French.»

*

«Both the Républicains and their predecessor, the Gaullist party Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), long neglected the country’s Christian conservative milieu»

*

«But it is a powerful element in French politics, something that the Front National and the identitarian movement have both recognized and profited from»

*

«Now, that milieu has propelled Fillon to a clear victory.»

*

«In a survey taken among the almost 3 million people who voted for Fillon, 72 percent said they come from a Catholic background»

*

«conservative Catholics …. this non-homogenous group as being efficient, extremely active on social media and quick to mobilize»

*

«Just a few weeks ago, this conservative bloc demonstrated the power it can exert on short notice. In mid-October, several thousand people took to the streets of Paris waving banners reading “I’m Voting Family in 2017.”»

*

«The demonstration was organized by “Manif pour tous” (“Demonstration for all”), a movement that began in 2012 as a reaction to the planned introduction of gay marriage, a proposal known as “mariage pour tous.”»

*

«hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets to voice their disapproval.»

*

«the ultra-conservatives from Manif pour tous have repeatedly provided Fillon’s team with logistical support during the election campaign»

*

«The Christian tradition is an important part of French history and culture. …. When Fillon emphasizes his faith, he does so out of this traditionalism»

*

«”La fierté d’être français” — “the pride of being French” — is perhaps Fillon’s most important message of this campaign»

*

«The countryside, which nobody truly knows and whose sleepiness remains opaque to all, holds all the power.»

* * * * * * *

Considerazioni.

I giornalisti del Der Spiegel hanno razionalizzato alcuni punti fondamentali.

– Gli elettori francesi sono tornati a considerare essenziale il loro retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale, ossia l’esatto contrario di quanto assunto dalla dottrina del socialismo ideologico. È una visione non negoziabile.

– “La fierté d’être français” è elemento cardine delle idee degli Elettori. Non è bieco ‘nazionalismo‘: è solo epifenomeno della tradizione religiosa e culturale.

– I Cattolici, da loro scritto per la prima volta con la “C” maiuscola, esistono, sono organizzati, e valgono in questa tornata delle primarie circa due milioni e duecentomila voti validi.

– I Cattolici non votano socialista, ed hanno avuto la forza politica di bocciare prima Mr Sarkozy, quindi Mr Juppé. Sono stati determinanti.

– I Cattolici non intendono transigere sui problemi religiosi, etici e morali. Sono strenui avversari di quanti cerchino di imporre una visione demolitrice delle famiglie, sostenitrice di rapporti umani contro natura.

– Il socialismo è crollato sui problemi economici, sicuramente, ma soprattutto a causa della sua visione atea, etica e morale.

– La frase “I’m Voting Family in 2017.” non è uno slogan, bensì un dato di fatto.

* * * * * * *

Il fenomeno individuato dal Der Spiegel non è però isolato nella sola Francia:è un sentimento che accomuna tutto il corpo elettorale dell’Unione Europea.

Sicuramente al momento attuale non è in grado di scalzare dal governo le attuali maggioranze, ma sicuramente ne condiziona, e pesantemente, gli orientamenti.

Poi, si vedrà.

Prosegue la riscossa cattolica. Nuova Cattedrale in Norvegia.

Francia. Dopo decenni di persecuzioni il voto cattolico è determinante.

Gender a scuola: massiccia protesta pro famiglia in Germania

Parlate, ridete e schernite, figlietti. AfD al 25% in Sassonia.

Vi sovviene il ‘Renzi, ci ricorderemo di te al referendum!’?

Unione Europea e Polonia. Il cuore del contendere.

 


Spiegel. 2016-12-12. Fillon for President. France Returns to Its Conservative Roots.

François Fillon has emerged as the center-right candidate for the French presidency. His choice is symptomatic of a country that has never left its conservative, Catholic roots behind.

*

The nave of Église Saint-Lambert de Vaugirard is dark, with only the crypt bathed in yellow candlelight. Every Wednesday evening at 8:30, young Catholics meet here in Paris’ 15th arrondissement for a prayer circle. The party headquarters of the Républicains, the conservative political party, are just 500 meters away.

The priest doesn’t want journalists to ask questions in the church, and certainly not any that have to do with politics. “This is a private gathering, please go,” we are told.

But some of the young men and women there do have something to say — outside in front of the church walls. “I think François Fillon is a good choice,” says Pauline, who has wrapped her thick blue scarf around her head. “I think he’s credible, also on moral issues,” says Marine, 29, who adds that she is opposed to gay marriage.

“Of course I voted for Fillon,” mumbles a young man, his hair carefully parted on the side. “He is the only sensible choice for a Catholic,” he adds, before turning up the collar of his overcoat and disappearing into the dark night.

With the choice of François Fillon two Sundays ago as the Republicans’ candidate for next year’s French presidential election, a France has spoken that is, at its core, much more conservative and Catholic than is readily apparent from the outside. They may be a numerical minority, but their concerns and aspirations are shared by many French.

Whether or not Fillon, the 62-year-old former prime minister with a predilection for bright red socks, will ultimately win the election, the Republicans’ experiment with holding public primaries was certainly successful. Whereas the socialists surrounding President François Hollande are currently tearing each other apart, the upstanding Fillon has taken up the battle against the inflammatory Marine Le Pen, head of the right-wing populist Front National.

Fillon’s success has caused a commotion in France’s political establishment, and not just because it was so unexpected. The excitement primarily results from the widespread feeling that a long-time political vacuum has suddenly been filled.

France’s center-right — which spent years bickering over leadership questions, party finances and the constant escapades of former leader Nicolas Sarkozy — is back. After losing the presidency to Hollande in 2012, the conservative camp lacked both leadership and ideas as it bumbled through the societal debates of recent years. But now it once again has a leader who seems to know the direction in which he would like to take the party.

A Clear Victory

Both the Républicains and their predecessor, the Gaullist party Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), long neglected the country’s Christian conservative milieu. But it is a powerful element in French politics, something that the Front National and the identitarian movement have both recognized and profited from. Now, that milieu has propelled Fillon to a clear victory.

In a survey taken among the almost 3 million people who voted for Fillon, 72 percent said they come from a Catholic background. These voters look on disapprovingly when the country’s highest administrative court, as it did in early November, rules that city halls in the country are only allowed to display pre-Christmas nativity scenes under certain conditions so as to maintain the separation between church and state. They don’t want another president like Sarkozy, who unabashedly fumbled around with his mobile phone during an audience with the pope. Or a president like François Hollande, who rode his scooter to his lover’s apartment and then provided journalists with intimate details.

An important factor in Fillon’s success thus far is that conservative voters don’t see him as someone who will engage in such antics.

Fillon, who went to a Jesuit high school and was once, at 27, the country’s youngest member of parliament, has been married to the same woman for more than 30 years and has never kept silent about his Catholic roots. In his book “Faire,” which can be loosely translated as “action,” Fillon emphasizes his religious upbringing: “I am Catholic. I was raised in this tradition and I have maintained this faith.”

Historian Denis Pelletier agrees that conservative Catholics have played a significant role in Fillon’s rise. Speaking with the French daily Le Monde, Pelletier defined this non-homogenous group as being efficient, extremely active on social media and quick to mobilize. He says one reason they are particularly active is that they feel as though they are a minority in the ongoing debate over the allegedly increasing Islamization of France. Of particular importance to these Fillon supporters, Pelletier says, is their feeling that they must defend themselves and their values.

Just a few weeks ago, this conservative bloc demonstrated the power it can exert on short notice. In mid-October, several thousand people took to the streets of Paris waving banners reading “I’m Voting Family in 2017.” At the concluding address in the Trocadéro neighborhood, participants — including numerous families with small children — waved pink and light-blue flags. It was a warning to the political class currently in office — or, one could almost say — a public threat.

Storm of Protest

The demonstration was organized by “Manif pour tous” (“Demonstration for all”), a movement that began in 2012 as a reaction to the planned introduction of gay marriage, a proposal known as “mariage pour tous.” It has since become a registered political party. Some 65 percent of the French support marriage between same-sex couples, but when the law — known as “Loi Taubira” after the justice minister responsible — came up for a vote, hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets to voice their disapproval.

The result was a storm of protest in the country against non-traditional families and gender theories, with a particular focus on the adoption rights of same-sex couples. The television images of these largely young demonstrators didn’t correspond to the public image that many have of the Fifth Republic, despite the fact that their election slogan includes the word “Égalité,” or “equality.”

Even then, the Catholic Church played an important role in mobilizing the masses. One of the primary issues that drove protesters into the streets was the concern that the ban on artificial insemination for same-sex couples would be lifted. The protest march a few weeks ago also targeted the issue. But until October, not a single leading candidate from the center-right had taken these concerns seriously. Except for one: François Fillon.

To be sure, the father of five didn’t take part in the demonstration himself, but he did send one of his most important supporters from the primary election campaign. He also sent a message to the agitated marchers: “I support everyone who supports the family.” Subsequently, he emphasized in every televised debate that he would not allow further lines to be crossed.

Insiders have reported that the ultra-conservatives from Manif pour tous have repeatedly provided Fillon’s team with logistical support during the election campaign. Such support was apparently provided ahead of Fillon’s last large rally, held on November 18 inside the Palais des Condgrès, ahead of the second round of voting. “Shortly before the event, Fillon’s team called movement leaders, asking them to come and lend their support,” a Manif pour tous member told the French magazine L’Obs.

‘Faith à la Carte’

“The Christian tradition is an important part of French history and culture,” says François Foret, political scientist at the Free University of Brussels. “When Fillon emphasizes his faith, he does so out of this traditionalism.”

Foret has examined the role of religion in European politics and sees similarities to what is happening in France elsewhere in Europe, such as in Italy and Poland. Particularly in France, though, Foret believes there is a kind of “faith à la carte.” “Religion is only one part of people’s identity. They pick out certain aspects that conform to their own lifestyle.”

Those who accuse François Fillon of being too close to Manif pour tous and other Catholic groups overlook the fact that they make up a significant portion of France’s conservative camp — and that their values are shared by a majority in this traditionally minded country.

For such voters, one Fillon gesture following his victory was particularly symbolic. “I extend my hand to all who would like to rebuild our country,” Fillon said to the television cameras. “I invite all who carry in their hearts the pride in being French.” He then put his right hand over his heart and kept it there.

“La fierté d’être français” — “the pride of being French” — is perhaps Fillon’s most important message of this campaign. And it has proven attractive in a country where increasing numbers of young men and women are applying for jobs with the police and military to serve their country in the wake of the 2015 terrorist attacks — in a land engaged in a debate over burkinis and the serving of pork in school cafeterias. Fillon remains rooted in France’s secular tradition and has called for school uniforms and a more state-centered history curriculum as a way of promoting integration. He has presented himself as a man of convictions, but not in an aggressive way. Much of what he embodies is so old fashioned that it has almost become trendy again.

His liberal economic program, on the other hand, contains elements that would be enough to topple 10 successive French presidents. Adopting the same sober tone he uses when talking about the pope, Fillon has announced his intention to cut half-a-million civil servant jobs, to eliminate the 35-hour work week and to raise the retirement age. He refers to his program as a “revolution of common sense,” though were he to push it through, it would be a rude awakening for most French to the economic realities of the 21st century.

In a Canoe, on a Tractor

“He has always stuck to his line,” says Marine, a Catholic woman from the 15th arrondissement. “The changes are necessary. And at least with him, I don’t have the impression that he will surprise us by suddenly throwing his convictions overboard.”

Even the often-derisive accusation that Fillon is provincial is something of a political boomerang in France. It is, after all, still true what Friedrich Sieburg, a German Francophone, wrote in his 1929 book “God in France?” The surface of political life as viewed from Paris, he wrote, cannot hide a different reality. “The countryside, which nobody truly knows and whose sleepiness remains opaque to all, holds all the power.”

In the countryside, there are further political groups that candidates for political office must pay close attention to if they want to rise to power in Paris. That includes hunters, whose rights no French president has ever dared curtail. That includes farmers, of whom there are twice as many as there are in Germany and who still stand by the old myths of agro-romanticism. That includes the fishermen, who are also half-mythical figures that a conservative candidate needs to win.

Thus far, Fillon has managed to bridge the gap between the countryside and the capital. He is respected by the middle class in his voting district of Saint-Germain-des-Prés just as he is in Sarthe, the conservative agricultural region in northwestern France where his is from.

In Sarthe, Fillon owns a manor house, complete with a tower from the 14th century. The glossy photos of him and his family taken three years in front of the castle-like estate that were printed in the magazine Paris Match last year would have been enough to end the careers of some politicians. But Fillon didn’t just pose in the photos as lord of the manor. He was also photographed sitting in a canoe, in the paddock and on a red tractor.

In France, it all goes together.