Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Putin, Russia

La Germania deve comprendere, non giudicare, la Russia. – Gerhard Schröder

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-12.

Putin 999

«the “beauty of forgiveness.”» [Schröder]

«Non c’è pace senza giustizia, non c’è giustizia senza perdono».

Sant’Agostino, Sermones 211, PL 38.


Handelsblatt è il giornale della confindustria tedesca. I suoi articoli sono coperti da copyright, che gli editori fanno puntigliosamente osservare. Tuttavia esiste un metro per valutare gli interventi da loro ritenuti essere di grande importanza: sono pubblicati come quello in calce riportato. Articolo da leggersi con cura.

Premettiamo come noi non lo si condivida nella sua estensione, tranne che nella constatazione che il passato deve essere dimenticato per lasciar posto ad una Realpolitik che consideri l’essere umano nella sua globalità, non nella sua limitata dimensione economica.



Questo che stiamo vivendo è un momento di transizione, ove il vecchio sta scomparendo ma è ancora forte al punto di poter generare grandi tensioni, ed il nuovo non ha ancora acquisito forza a sufficienza per imporsi.

La confusione è somma.

Da una parte stiamo assistendo al declino economico del sistema occidentale.

– Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

In altri termini, chi comandasse l’Occidente non sarebbe più il padrone economico del mondo: avrebbe sicuramente un grande peso, ma non quello determinante.

– D’altra parte stiamo assistendo in Occidente ad una grandiosa mutazione politica. Nel breve volgere di poco più di un anno i liberals democratici americani hanno perso le elezioni presidenziali, il controllo del Congresso e quello del Senato. Il Regno Unito ha abbandonato l’Unione Europea, che ne risulta grandemente indebolita. In Francia il partito socialista è precipitato dal 62% all’8%, ed in Germania l’Spd è crollata da un vertice del 37% all’attuale 20.5%. I socialisti sono stati estromessi dai governi dei principali paesi occidentali, e tale mutazione sembrerebbe essere definitiva. In Europa inoltre si sta evidenziando una drammatica incapacità di formare governi sufficientemente coesi. In Spagna Mr Rajoy guida un governo minoritario, In Olanda è stato formato 208 giorni dopo le elezioni un governo che avrebbe un solo voto di maggioranza, in Austria ed in Italia si delinea un tripolarismo di forze apparentemente incapaci di poter formare coalizioni degne di quel nome.

– Il crollo elettorale dei partiti tradizionali – Cdu, Csu ed Spd – ha fatto variare repentinamente tutti gli equilibri. Forse Frau Merkel riuscirà a mantenere la cancelleria, ma a prezzo di dover rinnegare sé stessa, tutta la sua Weltanschauung.

– Senza la possibilità di gestire i governi nazionali, tutta l’ideologia liberal e socialista, umana, politica ed economica, è destinata alla uscita di scena in un rancoroso oblio.

– Il modo di pesare, i valori portati avanti da tali ideologie non solo escono storicamente battuti, ma anche largamente non condivisi a livello mondiale. Mr Putin e Mr Xi governano i loro rispettivi paesi nell’unico modo al momento possibile: piaccia o non piaccia.

*

Questo quadro mondiale è mutato troppo di recente ed in modo così rapido che la maggior parte delle persone sembrerebbe non averne ancora preso atto. Assieme ad uno sparuto manipolo di persone formate alla Realpolik, continuano a sussistere larghe porzioni di persone visceralmente condizionate da idee preconcette vetuste, irreali, ma da loro vissute come se esistessero ancora per davvero.

Su tutto l’Occidente poi incombe il Convitato di Pietra. La crisi demografica scatenata dalla contrazione delle nascite degli autoctoni inizia a far sentire il suo peso. Per il momento la sua portata è stata razionalizzata quasi soltanto dai grandi imprenditori, che oramai da anni non effettuano investimenti strategici in Occidente, ma nei prossimi tempi essa sarà percepita nella sua devastante portata. Troppo tardi per porvi rimedio. Da questo punto di vista l’Occidente è condannato: è come un paziente con un cancro al polmone, ancora vivo, ma solo per poco.

* * * * * * *

«German attitudes toward Russia can be summed up in two very different ways: freeze or forgive. Given Europe’s energy needs and Russian military interventions, which is best?»

*

«[Mr Putin] He’s been called “a mercenary for the Kremlin” who is taking “blood money” from the Russians. But those accusations leave senior German politicians cold, including ex-chancellor Gerhard Schröder.»

*

«for Mr. Schröder, Germany’s relationship with Russia has always been about more than money.»

*

«the “beauty of forgiveness.”»

*

«“Peace in Europe will be stable and assured when these two countries [Germany and Russia] take care of their relationship,” he argues. For Mr. Schröder, stronger economic ties can lay the groundwork for a geopolitical friendship, he says, that will allow Germans to warm to the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, a man he once infamously called “an impeccable democrat.”»

*

«The real goal is peace: Overcoming Germany’s own history by making real peace with the country it invaded and brutalized just decades ago»

*

«the commission investigating the crimes of the East Germany’s secret police»

*

«we must ask ourselves whether we really want to be advocates for those who are enemies of our own values»

*

«Germany needs to give up on its illusions of Russia, the senior politician says, because it’s a wishful picture of a country that never existed»

*

«A few short years later, Adolf Hitler’s war would cost nearly 30 million Soviet lives. Then in, 1945, the tide of occupation turned, with Cold War divisions cutting through the heart of Germany.»

*

«All this laid the foundations for Mr. Putin’s rise and probably his motivations, as well as the popularity of his promises for a resurgent Russia, back on the world stage»

*

«Preoccupied with reunification and later on with European integration, German policy toward Russia was based mostly on energy and economics.»

*

«By 2014, Russia had also interfered in Ukraine, using shocking tactics at times. The German government, led by Angela Merkel, had little choice but to confront such Russian expansionism»

*

«But in a way, Berlin had miscalculated too. German politicians had underestimated Mr. Putin’s resolve and ability to turn his back on Europe. His new direction came at a time when America was reconsidering its role as the world’s policeman, sealed by Donald Trump’s arrival as US president»

*

«“Kiss my Russian ass.” In Mr. Putin’s view, Russia is returning to the winning side, in both moral and military terms. “Russia is learning to be itself again,” is the Russian media slogan, as an integral, and some would say manipulative, part of the “global, non-West.”»

*

«Germany’s large and active eastern neighbor cannot be ignored by central Europeans, but nor should the historic Russian connection be romanticized.»

* * * * * * * * * * * *

«Non c’è pace senza giustizia, non c’è giustizia senza perdono». Parole di Sant’Agostino, Sermones 211, PL 38.

«the “beauty of forgiveness.”» [Schröder]

Mr Schröder è encomiabile per questa sua visione di Realpolitik, ancorché non condivisa appieno.

Ma ciò che emerge è la sconfitta totale della Weltanschauung della Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel.

Perché la riunificazione tedesca sì, bene, benissimo, e la riunificazione russa cattiva, pessima, antidemocratica?


Handelsblatt. 2017-10-10. Russia Needs Understanding, Not Empathy

German attitudes toward Russia can be summed up in two very different ways: freeze or forgive. Given Europe’s energy needs and Russian military interventions, which is best?

*

He’s been called “a mercenary for the Kremlin” who is taking “blood money” from the Russians. But those accusations leave senior German politicians cold, including ex-chancellor Gerhard Schröder.

The accusations, made in Germany’s mainstream media, are understandable. Mr. Schröder is a long-time supporter of the Nord Stream pipeline consortium that pumps gas from Russia to Europe and recently, amid much controversy, he became the chairman of the Russian state-controlled oil producer, Rosneft.

But he can shrug those accusations off because, for Mr. Schröder, Germany’s relationship with Russia has always been about more than money.

Talking to Handelsblatt about the country’s Russian connection for a solid two hours in his Hamburg office, Mr. Schröder keeps referring back to the Second World War, his meetings with Russian veterans and the “beauty of forgiveness.”

Mr. Gauck believes he has “an understanding of power” and no time for those who grow “misty-eyed” at the sight of the Russian strong man.

“Peace in Europe will be stable and assured when these two countries [Germany and Russia] take care of their relationship,” he argues. For Mr. Schröder, stronger economic ties can lay the groundwork for a geopolitical friendship, he says, that will allow Germans to warm to the Russian president, Vladimir Putin, a man he once infamously called “an impeccable democrat.”

The real goal is peace: Overcoming Germany’s own history by making real peace with the country it invaded and brutalized just decades ago. A “historical reconciliatio,” says Mr. Schröder, would allow a “spiritual kinship” to flourish. And if that means Germany distancing itself from the US, then so be it.

More concretely, Mr. Schröder wants an end to sanctions and, in effect, German recognition of the occupation of Crimea and of Russian influence in Ukraine. Mr. Putin – with whom the former chancellor enjoys a rather macho friendship – should above all be seen as a reformer, he says.

And then there is Mr. Schröder’s opposite in this particular cold war, Joachim Gauck. Mr. Gauck stepped down as the federal president earlier this year; he was once a well-known East German dissident, and chaired the commission investigating the crimes of the East Germany’s secret police.

During a meeting on a rainy Berlin afternoon in his office – this is one of the first interviews Mr. Gauck has given since he left the presidency – the little ironies are hard to miss. Such as the fact that his tidy rooms are inside the former East German ministry of justice. Mr. Gauck tends to spare his words but he does want to make his opinions on Germany’s relationship with Russia known.

Mr. Gauck has only ever met with Mr. Putin once. A short handshake and a press release that told of “a very frank discussion” were cover for what insiders later said was fairly cold encounter.

Since then Mr. Gauck appears to have managed to avoid the Russian leader and even any trips to Russia. But he’s had plenty of experience with Russian leaders. His father spent four years in a Stalinist-era gulag in Siberia and he himself lived under Soviet-trained Communist rulers in East Germany. One of his first jobs after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 was opening the files collected by the East German secret police, the Stasi – the paperwork related to their victims was almost endless because almost every citizen in East Germany, one of the most-surveilled states in the world, had their own file. So Mr. Gauck, who believes he has “an understanding of power,” has no time for German admirers of Putin, who grow “misty-eyed” at the sight of the Russian strong man.

The fact that some in Germany sympathize with Mr. Putin is verging on a “grotesque twisting of reality,” Mr. Gauck says. “Putin was an agent of the oppressors. He is a leading figure among an international cadre that turns up over and over again, at different times: The international figureheads opposed to progress.”

Mr. Gauck understands why Germans want to understand, and even empathize with, Russia, and it has a lot to do with historical guilt from the world wars. But, as he notes, “we must ask ourselves whether we really want to be advocates for those who are enemies of our own values. Our guilt should actually make us advocate for those to whom injustice is done,” he argues.

Germany needs to give up on its illusions of Russia, the senior politician says, because it’s a wishful picture of a country that never existed. If that means a new cold freeze in relations with Russia, even a new confrontation, then Germany and Europe must pay that price, says Germany’s former president.

More than any other Western country, Germany has a vexed relationship with Russia. It is a history marked with prejudice, hatred and bloody war. But it has also been suffused with fascination: The poet Rainer Maria Rilke saw “German and Russian souls” seeking each other out in a mystic communion and he was not alone in this thinking.

More practical connections have indelibly shaped the German-Russian relationship. For centuries, Russian czars looked to Germany for modernity. Peter the Great brought in German experts to help set up a new capital: St. Petersburg,­ facing west toward Germany and Europe. In that new city, German scholars reformed Russian science, and German soldiers and administrators changed the face of Russian government.

n spite of such ties, the two countries were frequently at war, and never more so than in the twentieth century. When the Russian aristocracy fell in 1917, Germany gave Lenin and his comrades free passage across Germany, hoping they would foment a revolution back home. They did. A few short years later, Adolf Hitler’s war would cost nearly 30 million Soviet lives. Then in, 1945, the tide of occupation turned, with Cold War divisions cutting through the heart of Germany.

But it was the sudden end of that Cold War that most obviously shapes today’s German-Russian relations. In the late 1980s, Russian leader Mikhail Gorbachev decided to allow Russia’s satellite states to go their own way, meaning the Berlin Wall could fall without bloodshed.

But Mr. Gorbachev’s hopes for a “common European home,” one that included Russia, came to nothing. Instead the Russian economy collapsed and the nation’s global power dwindled, while the western defense alliance, NATO, expanded right up to its borders. In the decades since, as a unified Germany prospered, Russia began to look more and more like history’s loser, its population falling, its oligarchs triumphant, its politics corrupt and its brutality on show for all to see.

All this laid the foundations for Mr. Putin’s rise and probably his motivations, as well as the popularity of his promises for a resurgent Russia, back on the world stage. Those promises have been fulfilled to some extent. But one great victim of those past years was Russia’s fledgling democracy, battered by authoritarianism and public despair.

During the 1990s, Russia somehow belonged to the west but stood outside of it. During those years Germany lacked the will or the expertise to come up with a new policy to deal with the former Soviet states and a new Russia. Too much of the new post-Soviet relationship was based on the “boys club” friendship between then-chancellor Gerhard Schröder and Mr. Putin. Preoccupied with reunification and later on with European integration, German policy toward Russia was based mostly on energy and economics. Indeed Mr. Schröder’s government strengthened energy cooperation and began the infamous Nord Stream pipeline project.

It could well have gone on like this – but geopolitics got in the way. About a decade ago, Mr. Putin shifted his foreign policy: It was less intimidated by Europe, more opportunistic and more willing to use force and take risks, most tellingly by invading Georgia in 2008.

By 2014, Russia had also interfered in Ukraine, using shocking tactics at times. The German government, led by Angela Merkel, had little choice but to confront such Russian expansionism.

Perhaps Mr. Putin had hoped for more understanding in Berlin. In his speech announcing the annexation of the Crimea in 2014, Mr. Putin explicitly referred to German reunification. Moscow had supported Germany then, he said, so surely the Germans, of all people, should understand that “Russia is now the biggest divided nation on the planet.” Very simply, Germany must now “support Russian unification.”

But the Russian president had miscalculated, or perhaps he was only paying lip service to the idea anyway. Angela Merkel refused to make any kind of deal with Moscow and she wouldn’t contemplate the idea of Russian “zones of influence” or any sentimental history. In fact, Ms. Merkel felt she had been lied to and Mr. Putin was seen as dangerous. Instead Germany sought to deepen European ties, and carried on to impose further sanctions directly on Mr. Putin’s regime and his associates.

But in a way, Berlin had miscalculated too. German politicians had underestimated Mr. Putin’s resolve and ability to turn his back on Europe. His new direction came at a time when America was reconsidering its role as the world’s policeman, sealed by Donald Trump’s arrival as US president.

The new Russian attitude was embodied by Russian foreign minister, Sergey Lavrov, at the Munich Security Conference this February, when he spoke about the new “post-west” world order. Former elites need to make room for a multipolar collection of sovereign states that all acted in their own interests, Mr. Lavrov said. Looking at Russian moves in places like Syria and most recently Iraqi Kurdistan – where the Russians just became the small region’s biggest financial backers, after a controversial independence referendum – one can see that cunning Russian pivot in play

Mr. Putin’s attitude to the West, says a prominent German who has known him for many years, is basically: “Kiss my Russian ass.” In Mr. Putin’s view, Russia is returning to the winning side, in both moral and military terms. “Russia is learning to be itself again,” is the Russian media slogan, as an integral, and some would say manipulative, part of the “global, non-West.”

There’s hardly any doubt that Germany won’t be following Russia to the “non-West.” That would entail leaving Europe and this is impossible: Europe is the cornerstone of German foreign and economic policy. Indeed for many, Germany embodies “the West.”

So how does all this end? The oppositional positions taken by the two senior German politicians, Mr. Gauck and Mr. Schröder, clearly symbolize the tense, current relationship between Germany and Russia. While nowhere near the bloody conflict of the past, today the two countries view each other through a lens clouded with mistrust, conflicts of interest, mutual recriminations, economic sanctions and even the occasional threat of military confrontation.

Perhaps both attitudes are wrong for this time, and a combination of the two is the most pragmatic. Germany’s large and active eastern neighbor cannot be ignored by central Europeans, but nor should the historic Russian connection be romanticized.

As Karsten Voigt, a veteran Berlin foreign policy observer and member of the Social Democratic Party, puts it: “Anyone that wants to achieve peace in Europe long term, a peace that involves Russia, should not stop measuring the Russian leadership against the crucial [European] principles and norms of such a peace.”

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Mondiale, Medio Oriente, Russia, Stati Uniti, Trump

Putin il Grande. Bloomberg lo incorona Master of the Middle East.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-06.

Putin 1000

Intelligenti si nasce, non si diventa.

Ma la scuola del Kgb forma politici allo stato dell’arte.


Il politico è quell’uomo che sa conglutinare persone con idee e credenze differenti, che sa raccogliere consensi, che sa percepire cosa esattamente siano e vogliano i suoi interlocutori, è uomo che sa formare accordi: non compromessi, bensì accordi soddisfacenti per tutte le controparti.

Se però lo statista è sicuramente un uomo politico, altrettanto sicuramente è persona capace di orientare e guidare verso soluzioni convergenti ai suoi propri interessi. Lo statista pur stando attentamente a sentire, riesce a convincere tutti gli altri a perseguire con gioia i suoi propri interessi. Lo statista si erge di fronte la storia e la modula secondo i propri desiderata.

Sulla scena mondiale vi sono molti capi di stato, ben pochi politici, ed un solo statista: Mr Putin.

Bloomberg alla fine riconosce il Presidente Putin quale ‘Master of the Middle East’.

Ma siamo solo agli inizi.

* * * * * * * * * * *

«The Israelis and Turks, the Egyptians and Jordanians — they’re all beating a path to the Kremlin in the hope that Vladimir Putin, the new master of the Middle East, can secure their interests and fix their problems»

*

«The latest in line is Saudi King Salman, who this week is due to become the first monarch of the oil-rich kingdom to visit Moscow»

*

«It changed the reality, the balance of power on the ground»

*

«Putin has succeeded in making Russia a factor in the Middle East. That’s why you see a constant stream of Middle Eastern visitors going to Moscow»

*

«Moscow was a major power in the Middle East during the Cold War»

*

«The tables began to turn in 2013, when the U.S. under Obama decided not to attack Assad. Two years later, Putin sent troops and planes to defend him»

*

«Meanwhile the Saudis, who had financed rebels fighting against Assad, are cooperating with Russia in coaxing the opposition to unite for peace talks – which will likely cement the Syrian leader in power»

*

«Russia also rejected a U.S. demand to make the Euphrates river a dividing line between Syrian government troops and U.S.-supported forces in eastern Syria»

*

«Washington remains the indispensable power in the region …. The Kremlin is on everyone’s mind»

* * * * * * *

Andiamo al sodo e dimentichiamoci la propaganda liberal.

Mr Putin ha ottenuto in Medio Oriente una grande vittoria strategica. Potranno esserci altri alti e bassi, ma oramai non si può agire in Medio Oriente senza il suo consenso. E questo vale anche per gli americani.

Questi ultimi stanno pagando e ben salato il conto dell’idealismo dei liberal e della dabbenaggine politica di Mr Obama.

L’America paga a caro prezzo l’essersi consentita il lusso di avere i liberal democratici, con le loro ideologie utopiche e questa delirante sindrome del perdente mai rassegnato. Intaccare la figura carismatica del Presidente americano, in questo caso Mr Trump, significa aver intaccato il più potente motore del potere americano.

Ma ci si metta l’animo in pace. Questa è la realtà dei fatti.

Finita la partita per il Medio Oriente, Mr Putin sta iniziando quella per l’Europa.

Diamo tempo al tempo, ed a Bruxelles dovranno ripassarsi il russo.


→ Bloomberg. 2017-10-03. Putin Is Now Mr. Middle East, a Job No One Ever Succeeds At

– Saudi king’s first visit brings another Mideasterner to Moscow

– Russia a ‘nimble boxer’ vs musclebound U.S., diplomat says

*

The Israelis and Turks, the Egyptians and Jordanians — they’re all beating a path to the Kremlin in the hope that Vladimir Putin, the new master of the Middle East, can secure their interests and fix their problems.

The latest in line is Saudi King Salman, who this week is due to become the first monarch of the oil-rich kingdom to visit Moscow. At the top of his agenda will be reining in Iran, a close Russian ally seen as a deadly foe by most Gulf Arab states.

Until very recently, Washington stood alone as the go-to destination for such leaders. Right now, American power in the region is perceptibly in retreat — testimony to the success of Russia’s military intervention in Syria, which shored up President Bashar al-Assad after years of U.S. insistence that he must go.

“It changed the reality, the balance of power on the ground,” said Dennis Ross, who was America’s chief Mideast peace negotiator and advised several presidents from George H. W. Bush to Barack Obama. “Putin has succeeded in making Russia a factor in the Middle East. That’s why you see a constant stream of Middle Eastern visitors going to Moscow.”

Success brings its own problems. As conflicting demands pile up, it’s not easy to send all those visitors home satisfied. “The more you try to adopt a position of dealing with all sides, the more you find that it’s hard to play that game,’’ Ross said.

Moscow was a major power in the Middle East during the Cold War, arming Arab states against Israel. Its influence collapsed along with communism. When the U.S. invaded Iraq to topple Saddam Hussein, Russia was a bystander, unable to do more than protest.

The tables began to turn in 2013, when the U.S. under Obama decided not to attack Assad. Two years later, Putin sent troops and planes to defend him.

Getting Results

For the most part, America’s local allies were firmly in the Assad-must-go camp. They were disillusioned when U.S. military might wasn’t deployed to force him out.

Russia’s clout in the region has grown “because Obama allowed it to,’’ said Khaled Batarfi, a professor at Alfaisal University’s branch in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. “Unfortunately he withdrew to a great extent from the Middle East.’’

That view is widespread. It was bluntly expressed last month by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who spent years urging American action against Assad. Talks with the U.S. “couldn’t get any results,’’ he said.

Turkey has now joined Russia and Iran in a plan to de-escalate the conflict. It’s “achieving a result,’’ Erdogan said. Two years ago, tensions between Putin and Erdogan had threatened to boil over, after the Turkish military shot down a Russian jet on the Syrian border. Last Friday, the Russian president flew to Ankara for dinner with his Turkish counterpart and “friend,’’ who’s agreed to buy Russian S-400 air defense missile systems, riling fellow NATO members.

‘Here’s the King’

Meanwhile the Saudis, who had financed rebels fighting against Assad, are cooperating with Russia in coaxing the opposition to unite for peace talks – which will likely cement the Syrian leader in power.

America’s Middle East allies mostly welcomed the change of U.S. president, and Donald Trump’s tough talk about challenging Iran. So far, though, he’s stuck close to his predecessor’s policy in Syria, concentrating on fighting Islamic State not Assad.

So, as the goal of regime-change in Syria recedes, priorities have shifted. The Saudis and other Arab Gulf powers are urging Russia to reduce Iran’s role in Syria, where Hezbollah and other Shiite militias supported by Tehran have provided shock troops for Assad’s offensive.

“Russia is better off not to be on one side of it. That’s the key message,’’ said Abdulkhaleq Abdulla, a U.A.E.-based political analyst. “Here is the king, representing Arab Gulf countries, representing a lot of geopolitical weight, coming to Russia. And Russia has to take that into consideration.’’

But Putin won’t shift his stance on Iran to accommodate Saudi wishes, according to a person close to the Kremlin.

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who has visited Russia four times in the past 18 months, has also found it hard to sway the Russian leader.

In August, Netanyahu told Putin that Iran’s growing foothold in Syria is “unacceptable.’’ In September he told CNN that the Iranians are trying to “colonize’’ Syria with the aim of “destroying us and conquering the Middle East.’’

Russia, though, refused his demand for a buffer zone inside Syria that would keep the forces of Iran and Hezbollah at least 60 kilometers (37 miles) from the Israeli border, a person familiar with the matter in Moscow said. Instead, Russia offered a 5-kilometer exclusion zone, the person said.

Russia also rejected a U.S. demand to make the Euphrates river a dividing line between Syrian government troops and U.S.-supported forces in eastern Syria. This has led to a race to capture territory from retreating Islamic State fighters in a strategic and oil-rich border region.

Yet Russia has succeeded in keeping open channels of communication to all sides, from Iran to Saudi Arabia and the Palestinian radical Islamist group Hamas to Israel, said Ayham Kamel, Middle East and North Africa director at Eurasia Group.

While Russia didn’t give way on the buffer zone, it has a tacit understanding that permits Israel to carry out airstrikes against Hezbollah in Syria, said Andrey Kortunov, director general of the Russian International Affairs Council, a research group set up by the Kremlin.

It’s been mediating, along with Egypt, to end the decade-old inter-Palestinian rift between Fatah in the West Bank and Hamas in Gaza. Putin invited rival Libyan factions to Moscow, after a series of peace efforts by other countries came to nothing. Russia has become a leading investor in oil-rich Iraqi Kurdistan, and was one of the few world powers to refrain from condemning its recent vote on independence.

In economic terms, the contest for influence looks like an unequal one – America’s GDP is 13 times Russia’s. That’s not always the decisive factor, said Alexander Zotov, Moscow’s ambassador to Syria from 1989 to 1994.

“Sometimes you have two boxers coming out to the ring, one is huge with bulging muscles and the other is smaller but nimble, and has a better technique,’’ he said.

Russia’s rise came as U.S. policy makers grew preoccupied with Asia, and the American public tired of Middle East wars – something both Obama and Trump acknowledged.

“Washington remains the indispensable power in the region,’’ said Eurasia’s Kamel. But its commitment to traditional alliances is weakening, he said, and that’s encouraged regional leaders to hedge their bets. “The Kremlin is on everyone’s mind.’’

Pubblicato in: Bergoglio, Putin, Russia, Stati Uniti, Trump

Bergoglio, Putin e Trump hanno celebrato il Rosh Hashanah.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-24.

Candelabro Ebraico rosh-hashana

«Rosh haShana (in ebraico ראש השנה, letteralmente capo dell’anno) è il capodanno religioso, uno dei tre previsti nel calendario ebraico.

Rosh haShana è il capodanno cui fanno riferimento i contratti legali, per la cura degli animali e per il popolo ebraico. La Mishnah indica in questo capodanno quello in base al quale calcolare la progressione degli anni e quindi anche per il calcolo dell’anno sabbatico e del giubileo.

Nella Torah vi si fa riferimento definendolo “il giorno del suono dello Shofar” (Yom Terua, Levitico 23:24). La letteratura rabbinica e la liturgia descrivono Rosh haShana come il “Giorno del giudizio” (Yom ha-Din) ed il “Giorno del ricordo” (Yom ha-Zikkaron).

Nei midrashim si racconta di Dio che si siede sul trono, di fronte a lui i libri che raccolgono la storia dell’umanità (non solo del popolo ebraico). Ogni singola persona viene presa in esame per decidere se meriti il perdono o meno.

La decisione, però, verrà ratificata solo in occasione di Yom Kippur. È per questo che i 10 giorni che separano queste due festività sono chiamate i 10 giorni penitenziali. In questi 10 giorni è dovere di ogni ebreo compiere un’analisi del proprio anno ed individuare tutte le trasgressioni compiute nei confronti dei precetti ebraici. Ma l’uomo è rispettoso anche verso il proprio prossimo. Ancora più importante, allora, è l’analisi dei torti che si sono fatti nei confronti dei propri conoscenti. Una volta riconosciuto con sé stessi di aver agito in maniera scorretta, occorre chiedere il perdono del danneggiato. Quest’ultimo ha il dovere di offrire il proprio perdono. Solo in casi particolari ha la facoltà di negarlo. È con l’anima del penitente che si affronta lo Yom Kippur.» [Fonte]

*

«Il capodanno ebraico si chiama Rosh Ha-Shanah (o Rosh Hashanà), che segna l’inizio dell’anno civile e cade il primo di Tishrì. Per completezza, aggiungiamo che nella Torà Nissàn è considerato il primo mese, in quanto gli Ebrei, in questo periodo, uscirono dalla schiavitù d’Egitto, diventando un vero popolo. Il primo di Nissàn è quindi chiamato Rosh Hashanà lamelakhìm velaregalìm (per i re e per le feste) ed è considerato il capodanno religioso.» [Comunità Ebraica di Roma]

* * * * * * *

Bene.

In tutto il mondo solo tre capi di stato si sono ricordati di celebrarlo assieme agli Ebrei, ma tra questi non c’erano né Mr Macron né Mrs Merkel, le nazione dei quali ben avrebbero avuto motivi di deferenza almeno formale.

*

SS Papa Franciscus I.

««Nel nostro cammino comune, grazie alla benevolenza dell’Altissimo, stiamo attraversando un fecondo momento di dialogo. Va in questo senso il documento Fra Gerusalemme e Roma che avete elaborato e che oggi ricevo dalle vostre mani. È un testo che tributa particolari riconoscimenti alla Dichiarazione conciliare Nostra Aetate, che nel suo quarto capitolo costituisce per noi la “magna charta” del dialogo col mondo ebraico: infatti la sua progressiva attuazione ha permesso ai nostri rapporti di diventare sempre più amichevoli e fraterni». Lo ha detto Papa Bergoglio ricevendo in Vaticano lo scorso 31 agosto una rappresentanza della Conferenza dei Rabbini Europei, guidata dal rabbino capo di Mosca Pinchas Goldschmidt, insieme ai rappresentanti del Consiglio Rabbinico d’America e della Commissione del Gran Rabbinato d’Israele. Fra i presenti anche Riccardo Di Segni, rabbino capo di Roma.» [Fonte]

*

Il Presidente Putin.

«Vladimir Putin met with Chief Rabbi of Russia Berel Lazar and President of the Federation of Jewish Communities Alexander Boroda. The President extended greetings to all Jews of Russia on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. …. Great and very large, multi-ethnic and multi-religious. We always have what to celebrate. Today we are celebrating Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. I wish you and all the Jews of Russia a happy New Year. Tomorrow evening, the 21st, Muslims will start celebrating their New Year, although the prophet told them to reserve the biggest celebrations for other holidays. Then we Christians will celebrate our New Year, and in Russia this is done twice – according to the new and old calendar. On February 16 the Buddhists will have their New Year. So we have holidays to celebrate all year round.

But today we are celebrating the Jewish New Year. I would like to extend my very best wishes to you once again. I wish all the Jews of Russia prosperity, happiness and good fortune. I hope everything is well in your community.»

*

Il Presidente Trump.

«To the many leaders, Rabbis, and Jewish friends who are on the line, I am delighted to speak with you and to wish you Shana Tova, a sweet New Year.

I send the Jewish community my warmest wishes as we approach the High Holy Days.

The Jewish tradition of making time and taking time each year to rededicate your lives to the sacred values you hold dear not only improves yourselves but strengthens our nation and inspires us all.

As we mark the beginning of the year 5,778 in the Jewish calendar, I want to express my deep admiration for the Jewish people. Throughout the centuries, the Jewish people have endured unthinkable persecution.

I know with us today on the call are several Holocaust survivors. We are honored beyond words by your presence. You have borne witness to evil beyond human comprehension, and your perseverance is a lasting inspiration to us all. By telling your stories, you help us to confront evil in our world and we are forever grateful.

I am proud to stand with the Jewish people and with our cherished friend and ally, the State of Israel.»

* * * * * * *

Tre personalità profondamente differenti tra di loro, ma tutte e tre altrettanto profondamente rispettose dei sentimenti religiosi dei popoli che rappresentano.

Questo è un tratto che permette di distinguere gli uomini grandi, ancorché non condivisi, da quelli piccoli piccoli, insignificanti, e proprio perché insignificanti tronfi come batraci.


Kremlin. The President of Russia. 2017-09-20. Meeting with Chief Rabbi of Russia Berel Lazar and President of the Federation of Jewish Communities Alexander Boroda

Vladimir Putin met with Chief Rabbi of Russia Berel Lazar and President of the Federation of Jewish Communities Alexander Boroda. The President extended greetings to all Jews of Russia on Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.

*

President of Russia Vladimir Putin: It is so good that we have such a large country

Chief Rabbi of Russia Berel Lazar: A great country.

Vladimir Putin: Great and very large, multi-ethnic and multi-religious. We always have what to celebrate. Today we are celebrating Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year. I wish you and all the Jews of Russia a happy New Year. Tomorrow evening, the 21st, Muslims will start celebrating their New Year, although the prophet told them to reserve the biggest celebrations for other holidays. Then we Christians will celebrate our New Year, and in Russia this is done twice – according to the new and old calendar. On February 16 the Buddhists will have their New Year. So we have holidays to celebrate all year round.

But today we are celebrating the Jewish New Year. I would like to extend my very best wishes to you once again. I wish all the Jews of Russia prosperity, happiness and good fortune. I hope everything is well in your community. I know that religious life is actively developing and you have things to discuss with people and new sites – both secular and religious – to show them. This is something you and we always pay attention to. I know that you always pay much attention to this. I am glad to see that you are in regular dialogue with the secular authorities and, importantly, at all levels.

Berel Lazar: Thank you so much! Unlike other new years, we celebrate ours exactly on the day when God created the first man in our tradition. This is not such a merry holiday as in other religions. Ours is more solemn. People pray and reflect on what has been done and how to live better.

One of the main lessons is that God created a single man. The Talmud explains that the idea was to teach us all that the life of one person contains the whole world. He who saves the life of one person saves the entire world, as it were. So, during Rosh Hashanah, on these days, we will recall the exploits of those who saved our people – soldiers and officers who gave their lives to save others. On a related note, I would like to thank Russia for doing everything it can to preserve historical truth.

And special thanks to you for posthumously decorating a man in the Kremlin when we were there recently, a man of Jewish extraction named Alexander Pechersky. His leadership of the uprising in Sobibor has always been very important for us. I think that now, thanks to you, all Russian people know about this and I am very grateful to you for that. We appreciate that the memory of the war is sacred for every citizen in Russia today.

I thought about this today because I wanted to ask a question on behalf of the entire Jewish community about Russia’s participation in renovating the museum on the site of the Sobibor concentration camp. Russian soldiers played the leading role in liberating Europe from the Nazis and sustained the biggest losses during the war. We think the attempts to exclude Russia from this project are immoral and incomprehensible.

When talking about the war, the main thing is to forget all about these political issues. I do not even know what this is about, but certainly not justice. What we are witnessing today is some kind of a game being played with a sacred matter like war. We will by all means raise this issue with our colleagues, leaders of international and other Jewish organisations. We will do everything we can to bring this matter to a fitting resolution.

Russia should by all means take part in this project as well as in other war-related projects. The feat of soldiers remains sacred for us, and exploiting it or playing games with it is unacceptable. So, thank you very much once again. We fully support Russia’s position on this issue.

Vladimir Putin: Thank you for framing the issue in this way and for your position, too. It is not new to me, your attitude to this issue. But it is important for people in our country to know that the leaders of the Jewish community share our official view on truth and justice with regard to all events of World War II.

It is very important for us to be together on these extremely important issues, and we should look to the future. But our views should be based on the solid foundation of understanding where hateful ideas of exterminating whole nations, millions of people, can lead.

And we must do everything to prevent this from happening in the future. This is why we will do all we can to avoid any politicisation of such issues, and we will certainly strive for an unbiased approach and truth, which is the only basis for a fair society and fair relations in the world.

I am hoping that your words will be heard by our partners, our colleagues around world. I am referring to this case as well. And the man you mentioned was certainly a hero, a very brave man. It is owing to such people who displayed such qualities, people of all kinds of ethnic backgrounds, that we managed to win this horrible war.

But nonetheless today is the New Year. And I know about the traditions of the Jewish people and understand them. This is still a new stage. The New Year is the New Year, and I once again wish you a happy holiday.

Berel Lazar: Thank you, Mr President!


The Times of Israel. 2017-09-20. Full text of President Trump’s Rosh Hashanah call to Jewish leaders

President says he is ‘proud to stand with the Jewish people,’ condemns anti-Semitism, stresses ‘I love Israel,’ and hopes peace ‘actually could happen’.

*

Full White House text of remarks by President Donald Trump and Senior Advisor to the President Jared Kushner in a call to Jewish leaders, September 15, 2017:

KUSHNER: Welcome, everybody, and thank you for joining us here today. This is the most special time of the year for the Jewish people. This Wednesday evening begins Rosh Hashanah, the first of 10 days of repentance, that concludes with Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement.

Since January 20, I have had the great honor of serving in President Trump’s administration. Anyone that knows the President understands that he takes great pride in having a Jewish daughter and Jewish grandchildren. His love and respect for the Jewish people extends way beyond his family, and into the heart of Jewish American communities.

Under the President’s leadership, America’s relationship with the State of Israel has never been stronger, and our country’s commitment to Israel’s security has never been greater.

It is my great honor to introduce the 45th President of the United States, Donald Trump.

THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, and thank you for joining this call.

To the many leaders, Rabbis, and Jewish friends who are on the line, I am delighted to speak with you and to wish you Shana Tova, a sweet New Year.

I send the Jewish community my warmest wishes as we approach the High Holy Days.

The Jewish tradition of making time and taking time each year to rededicate your lives to the sacred values you hold dear not only improves yourselves but strengthens our nation and inspires us all.

As we mark the beginning of the year 5,778 in the Jewish calendar, I want to express my deep admiration for the Jewish people. Throughout the centuries, the Jewish people have endured unthinkable persecution.

I know with us today on the call are several Holocaust survivors. We are honored beyond words by your presence. You have borne witness to evil beyond human comprehension, and your perseverance is a lasting inspiration to us all. By telling your stories, you help us to confront evil in our world and we are forever grateful.

I am proud to stand with the Jewish people and with our cherished friend and ally, the State of Israel. The Jewish State is a symbol of resilience in the face of oppression — it has persevered in the face of hostility, championed democracy in the face of violence, and succeeded in the face of very, very tall odds. The United States will always support Israel not only because of the vital security partnership between our two nations, but because of the shared values between our two peoples. And I can tell you on a personal basis, and I just left Israel recently, I love Israel.

That is why my administration has successfully pressured the United Nations to withdraw the unfair and biased report against Israel — that was a horrible thing that they did — and to instead focus on real threats to our security, such as Iran, Hezbollah, and ISIS.

This next New Year also offers a new opportunity to seek peace between the Israelis and Palestinians, and I am very hopeful that we will see significant progress before the end of the year. Ambassador David Friedman, Jared, Jason [Greenblatt], and the rest of my team are working very hard to achieve a peace agreement. I think it’s something that actually could happen.

I am grateful for the history, culture, and values the Jewish people have given to civilization. We forcefully condemn those who seek to incite anti-Semitism, or to spread any form of slander and hate — and I will ensure we protect Jewish communities, and all communities, that face threats to their safety.

I want to thank each of you for the ways in which you contribute to our nation. America is stronger because of the many Jewish Americans who bring such life, hope, and resilience to our nation.

Melania and I wish everyone a sweet, healthy, and peaceful New Year. Thank you very much.

Pubblicato in: Putin, Russia, Trump

Mikhail Kalashnikov. Mosca erige il monumento che i liberal avrebbero abbattuto.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-20.

2017-09-21__ Kalashnikov__001

Volete capire chi siano i russi? Bene. Osservate la suola dello stivale. Sicuramente è stata pulita con cura, ma con altrettanta cura è stata pulita la strada ove marciare.


Il Kalashnikov AK-47 è un mito per il momento insuperato.

Preciso, potente, maneggevole, smontabile e rimontabile senza strumenti specifici, funzionante sia nei climi torridi sia in quelli artici, insensibile alla pioggia battente ed al fango, producibile a costi bassi.

Se è vero che Kalashnikov si ispirò allo Sturmgewehr 44 (Maschinenpistole 44, MP44), è altrettanto vero che il risultato finale fu un oggetto totalmente innovativo in ogni più piccolo particolare.

*

Questo è il video ufficiale della cerimonia di inaugurazione del monumento a Mikhail Kalashnikov, colui che ha progettato e costruito l’omonimo fucile di assalto. Presenti il Ministro della Cultura Vladimir Medinsky, il sindaco di Mosca Sergey Sobyanin, ufficiali dello Stato Maggiore russo, le Autorità religiose e molta folla. Il monumento è stato collocato all’incrocio tra le vie Sadovaya-Karetnaya e Dolgorukovskaya, in pieno centro.

*

«Nel centro di Mosca è stato inaugurato un monumento a Mikhail Kalashnikov, il più noto progettista di armi al mondo. Il monumento è stato aperto all’incrocio tra le vie Sadovaya-Karetnaya e Dolgorukovskaya. La cerimonia di apertura è stata presenziata dal Ministro della Cultura Vladimir Medinsky, che ha definito Kalashnikov “un marchio culturale”.

Medinsky ha espresso la speranza che la piazza, dove il monumento si trova, sarà amata dagli abitanti della capitale. “Mikhail Kalashnikov è l’incarnazione delle migliori caratteristiche umane russe. Il suo straordinario talento naturale, la semplicità, l’onestà e talento organizzativo gli hanno permesso di creare una vasta gamma di armi per difendere la Patria”, ha detto il capo del ministero della Cultura, definendo il Kalashnikov un “marchio culturale”.

La scultura di otto metri – che vede imbracciato un Kalashnikov AK-47 – è firmata dall’artista Salavat Shcherbakov. La composizione comprende anche le immagini di San Giorgio, il serpente colpito e un globo.» [Fonte]

*

Mr Putin è un patriota russo, che ben ne conosce e valorizza il retaggio religioso, storico, culturale, sociale ed anche militare della sua patria.

Occidente che muta. 01. Putin, Valdai e la Santa Pasqua.

Russia. Il trionfo della Tradizione. Putin e la religione.

Putin. Una personalità controversa. Una valutazione fortemente avversa.

Putin il Grande. Un intervento da statista.

Valdai. Mr Putin delinea la futura politica estera russa.

Russia, Putin inaugura statua di San Vladimiro il Grande [Video]

«Vladimir Putin ha inaugurato una statua gigante di San Vladimiro il Grande, uno dei leader della chiesa ortodossa russa. Il monumento di 17 metri installato vicino al Cremlino è stato duramente criticato perché rovinerebbe lo skyline del centro storico di Mosca e potrebbe compromettere lo status di Patrimonio dell’umanità dato dall’Unesco al Cremlino.

La cerimonia di inaugurazione della statua, fortemente voluta e sostenuta dalla Chiesa ortodossa, rientra nell’ondata di nazionalismo lanciata dopo l’annessione della Crimea alla Russia nel 2014 – oltre a celebrare implicitamente, data l’omonimia, anche il leader del Cremlino. “Il principe Vladimiro è noto nella storia per aver unificato e difeso le terre russe e come politico lungimirante”, ha dichiarato Putin nella giornata dell’Unità nazionale. “Oggi il nostro dovere è di restare uniti contro le sfide e le minacce moderne tenendo come base questa eredità spirituale”»

*

È cosa del tutto ovvia che l’Occidente liberal odi Mr Putin.

È la personalità che ha saputo far riprendere alla Russia il posto che le compete nel mondo come una del tre superpotenze, e questo sarebbe già sufficiente.

Ma mica basta.

Come prima detto e qui ribadito, Mr Putin un patriota russo, che ben ne conosce e valorizza il retaggio religioso, storico, culturale, sociale ed anche militare della sua patria: tutta una lunga serie di valori che sono esattamente l’opposto dell’ideologia liberal atea ed aborrente il proprio passato al punto tale che le statue dei suoi grandi le abbatte, non le pone in essere.

*

Ma molte cose stanno mutando.

Sia ben chiaro: né Mr Putin né Mr Trump sono degli stareti, ma le loro posizioni sono quasi sovrapponibili.

«As I stand here today before this incredible crowd, this faithful nation, we can still hear those voices that echo through history.  Their message is as true today as ever.  The people of Poland, the people of America, and the people of Europe still cry out “We want God.”»

Il Presidente Trump in visita a Varsavia ha pronunciato un discorso magistrale, “that echo through history“: “We want God.”.

Mr Trump e Mr Putin hanno molto più che li accomuna di quanto possa dividerli: poi, uno è americano e l’altro è russo, ed ovviamente ciascuno fa gli interessi della sua Patria. Sono avversari, non nemici.

Nota.

Il monumento a Kalashnikov è controverso esclusivamente sui media occidentali.

Il monumento che i media occidentali hanno definito “controverso” è stato contestato da una sola persona, ora affidata alla amorevole ospitalità della Stazione di Polizia Numero 29. Una persona non corrisponde a “tutto il popolo russo“.


The Moscow Times. 2017-09-19. Protester Detained at Kalashnikov Monument Unveiling

A lone protester was detained at the unveiling of a new seven-meter statue to the inventor of the AK-47 assault rifle in Moscow’s city center on Tuesday, the opposition-leaning Dozhd television channel reports.

The 35 million ruble ($538,000) monument to Mikhail Kalashnikov, installed earlier this week, was unveiled by Russia’s Culture Minister and representatives of the Russian Orthodox Church near the Mayakovskaya metro station on Tuesday morning.

The demonstrator who was holding a sign reading “Designer of Weapons = Designer of Death,” told journalists at the scene he was “against any military demonstration and any propaganda of Russia’s military might.”

The man was soon detained by the police, who did not provide a reason for the detention, Dozhd reports.

The almost 8-meter tall gold statue depicts Kalashnikov brandishing his trademark assault rifle.

Salavat Shcherbakov, who designed the monument, is also responsible a controversial 2016 monument to Russia’s medieval Prince Vladimir just outside the Kremlin.



The Guardian. 2017-09-19. 30ft-high statue of Mikhail Kalashnikov unveiled in Moscow

Russian creator of the AK-47, used to kill an estimated 250,000 people a year, celebrated in controversial ceremony.

*

A statue of Mikhail Kalashnikov, the inventor of the AK-47 assault rifle, has been unveiled in central Moscow in a controversial ceremony that merged military pomp with religious ritual.

The nine-metre (30ft) monument depicts Kalashnikov clutching his eponymous automatic weapon. Tuesday’s event was attended by high-ranking Russian officials including Sergey Sobyanin, the mayor of Moscow, and Vladimir Medinsky, the culture minister.

“This is Russia’s cultural brand,” said Medinsky, before a Russian Orthodox priest blessed the statue.

“He created this weapon to defend his motherland,” said Father Konstantin, shrugging off suggestions that it was inappropriate to sprinkle holy water on a statue of a weapons designer. Some members of the crowd crossed themselves as the priest blessed the monument.

A guard of honour from the Russian defence ministry stood to attention throughout the ceremony, which also featured second world war-era military songs.

“Our weapon is a holy weapon,’ Archpriest Vsevolod Chaplin, the former spokesman for the Russian Orthodox Church, wrote on Facebook.

Kalashnikov, a tank commander, created the AK-47 after hearing Soviet soldiers complain about the quality of their weapons. The first model was produced in 1947, earning Kalashnikov the Stalin prize and the Order of the Red Star.

Today, there are reported to be more than 100m Kalashnikov rifles in use worldwide. The weapon, which is favoured by both armies and militants, is said to be responsible for 250,000 deaths annually. An AK-47 appears on the flags of Mozambique and Hezbollah, as well as on the coats of arms of Zimbabwe and East Timor.

The unveiling of the statue in the central Garden Ring neighbourhood took place despite the objections of some Muscovites, including nearby residents. A protester was detained by police as he attempted to unfurl a banner that read “a creator of weapons is a creator of death”.

The statue of Kalashnikov, “in one of the busiest and commonly used streets in the city, reaffirms the image of Russia as a militaristic and neo-imperialistic country that feels it is surrounded by enemies,” said Dmitry Shabelnikov, a lawyer who lives in the area.

“I’m not, in principle, against a statue of Kalashnikov. But it should not be erected here, now, and in this shape.”

A second sculpture behind the Kalashnikov monument depicts the Archangel Mikhail slaying a dragon with a spear. Salavat Shcherbakov, the artist responsible for both works, said the spear symbolises an AK-47.

“This represents the victory of good over the forces of evil,” said Shcherbakov, who also created a controversial 17-metre statue of Prince Vladimir the Great that was erected opposite the Kremlin in November.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Russia, Unione Europea

Germania. Lindner (Fdp) vuole un riavvicinamento alla Russia.

Giuseppa Sandro Mela.

2017-09-19.

Berlino Porta Brandemburgo

Il 24 settembre la Germania procederà alle elezioni politiche federali.

Sembrerebbe essere molto probabile che Frau Merkel possa conseguire la maggioranza relativa dei suffragi, potendosi così riproporre per un nuovo cancellierato.

Ma altrettanto probabile sembrerebbe essere la necessità di dover formare una coalizione di governo, e qui vengono i dolori.

Se una coalizione con Linke oppure con AfD sembrerebbero essere improponibili politicamente, una riedizione della Große Koalition sembrerebbe difficile, anche perché dovrebbe essere votata dalla base socialdemocratica, che nei sondaggi la avversa a larga maggioranza.

L’Fdp, Free Democrats, sembrerebbe essere l’unica possibilità reale, ma nel caso sarebbe un connubio contro natura.

Il programma elettorale dell’Fdp è quasi l’opposto di quello della Union, ossia della Cdu e della Csu.

Diamo atto ad Herr Lindner, capo della Fdp, di essere l’unico politico tedesco che al momento almeno stia parlando di politica estera.

Herr Lindner ha come programma politico in campo estero pochi elementi, ma molto chairi:

«Germany’s Free Democrats …. rejected expanding the euro area»

*

«suggested that Russia be readmitted to the Group of Seven»

*

«swipe at Merkel over her handling of Russian President Vladimir Putin»

*

«What’s the point to excluding Russia from the G-8 so the seven leaders then talk among themselves about how evil the eighth one is?»

*

«It makes more sense to talk with the eighth one about what you can do to return to cooperation»

*

«Merkel faced down an FDP revolt over sovereign bailouts during that period»

*

«We will have to talk about how we secure the future of the currency union …. negative interest rates in the euro area are the opposite of “solid finances”»

* * * * * * * *

Vedremo cosa ci riserveranno queste elezioni ma, soprattutto, qual razza di coalizione potrà venir fuori.

Molto verosimilmente si potrebbe assistere a cambi di rotta a 180 gradi.

Ed i paesi europei mediterranei allora potrebbero vedere non solo i sorci verdi, ma anche quelli a scacchi bianchi e blue. “Solid finance” significherebbe per lo la fine della festa: il rientro dai debiti.

*

Merkel leader “Fourth Reich” fonda la ‘Pax Germanica’. – Handelsblatt.

Benediciamo il Cielo che ci ha donato Herr Martin Schulz.


Bloomberg. 2017-09-17. Merkel’s Potential Ally Floats Russian G-7 Return Ahead of Vote

– German parties vie for third place with week left in campaign

– Free Democrats stake out positions on euro area, Putin

*

Germany’s Free Democrats, a potential coalition partner for Chancellor Angela Merkel, rejected expanding the euro area and suggested that Russia be readmitted to the Group of Seven as parties jockey for position ahead of next Sunday’s national election.

With polls showing the chancellor’s Christian Democrat-led bloc with a lead and Martin Schulz’s Social Democratic Party second, the race for third place will help determine the makeup of the new government if Merkel wins a fourth term on Sept. 24. Free Democratic Party head Christian Lindner sought to make his mark on Sunday in part with a swipe at Merkel over her handling of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“What’s the point to excluding Russia from the G-8 so the seven leaders then talk among themselves about how evil the eighth one is?” he said in a speech to a party convention in Berlin. “It makes more sense to talk with the eighth one about what you can do to return to cooperation.”

Russia, with Merkel’s support, was suspended from the G-8 club of advanced economies in 2014 for its annexation of Crimea from Ukraine. Merkel says she’s maintaining a channel of communication with Putin even while upholding economic sanctions on Russia, penalties that Lindner said he wouldn’t lift “without something in return” from Putin.

Lindner, 38, signaled a willingness to challenge other euro-area countries and European Central Bank policies if his party rejoined Merkel as junior coalition partner, a role it had during her second term from 2009 to 2013. When Europe’s debt crisis spread from Greece, Merkel faced down an FDP revolt over sovereign bailouts during that period.

“We will have to talk about how we secure the future of the currency union,” Lindner told delegates, saying negative interest rates in the euro area are the opposite of “solid finances.” What’s needed for “market stability” is respect for euro-area rules and member countries’ taking responsibility for their finances, he said.

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s call for possible financial assistance to help more countries join the euro “is a mystery to me” and “totally removed from what’s really needed,” Lindner said.

With less than a week before the vote, polls suggest the contest for third place is too close to call. Support for the anti-immigration Alternative for Germany party is 11 percent, with the anti-capitalist Left at 10 percent, the FDP at 9 percent and the Greens at 8 percent, according to an Emnid poll for Bild am Sonntag newspaper published Sunday.

Backing for Merkel’s bloc declined 1 point to 36 percent, the lowest since May in the Emnid survey, and the SPD declined 2 points to 22 percent, its lowest since January. No margin of error was given for the Sept. 7 to Sept. 13 poll of 1,888 people.

FDP delegates applauded when Lindner said part of his mission is to deny Alternative for Germany a third-place finish. The risk is that the populist party, known as the AfD, would be the main opposition group if Merkel and the Social Democrats extended their coalition, which has governed for the past four years, he said.

“We want take third place for the sake of political culture” and Germany’s “democratic comity,” Lindner said.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Russia

Russia. Riserve Valutarie a 427.3 miliardi Usd. +49.6 mld dal gennaio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-14.

Banca Centrale Russia 001

The Central Bank of the Russian Federation ha pubblicato che ad oggi le riserve valutarie ammontano a 427.3 miliardi Usd, con un incremento dal primo dell’anno di 49.6 miliardi.

2017-09-14__Russia__001

2017-09-14__Russia__002

2017-09-14__Russia__003

Una nota a margine.

2017-09-14__Russia__004

Ai primi degli anni 2000 il rapporto debito / pil superava il 90%, riducendosi all’odierno 16%.

Nel contempo il pil è salito dai 279.487 miliardi del 2000 ai 1,346.152 proiettati per il 2017.

In altri termini, il pil è salito di 4.82 volte a fronte di una quasi scomparsa del debito sovrano.

Sta a vedere che l’espansione del debito ostacola invece che favorire il sistema economico.

Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica Europea, Russia

Kerch. Varata la prima grande arcata ferroviaria del ponte.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-05.

2017-09-01__Ponte_Crimea_001

«The Kerch Strait Bridge (Russian: Керченский мост [kérchenskiy most]) or Crimean Bridge (Russian: Крымский мост [krímskiy most]) is a road-rail bridge under construction by the Russian Federation, to span the Strait of Kerch between the Kerch Peninsula of Crimea and the Taman Peninsula of Krasnodar Krai in Russia. The current connection is by the Kerch Strait ferry between Port Kavkaz and Port Krym.

In January 2015, the multibillion-dollar contract for the construction of the bridge was awarded to Arkady Rotenberg’s SGM Group. In May 2015, construction of the bridge commenced; the road bridge is projected to be opened on December 18, 2018 with completion of the rail link delayed until the end of 2019.» [Fonte]

*

«Russian engineers are installing a giant railway arch in the channel between Russia and Crimea, as a 19km (12-mile) road-rail bridge takes shape»

*

«It will take about a month to fix the arch, weighing 6,000 tonnes, to massive supports in the water»

*

«The road section of the Kerch Strait bridge will also have a giant arch»

2017-09-01__Ponte_Crimea_002

 * * * * * *

Tanto di cappello agli ingegneri russi.

Se, come sembrerebbe, riusciranno a finire di costruire il ponte sullo stretto di Kerch entro la fine dell’anno prossimo, avranno compiuto un’opera da primato. Da una parte per la lunghezza, 19 km, e dall’altra per la rapidità costruttiva.

Un unico commento.

Che il ponte di Kerch sia “controverso” è solo un punto di vista personalissimo della Bbc. Unire la Krimea alla Russia con un ponte sia ferroviario sia stradale sembrerebbe solo essere un’infrastruttura doverosa nel ventunesimo secolo. Che poi gli ingegneri russi stiano lavorando con una velocità impensata ed impensabile in occidente è un altro paio di maniche: non è mica colpa loro se lavorano allo stato dell’arte.


Bbc. 2017-09-01. Russia’s controversial Crimea bridge gets giant arch

Russian engineers are installing a giant railway arch in the channel between Russia and Crimea, as a 19km (12-mile) road-rail bridge takes shape.

It is a flagship political project, as Russia claims Ukraine’s Crimea peninsula – which it annexed in March 2014 – as its own territory.

It will take about a month to fix the arch, weighing 6,000 tonnes, to massive supports in the water.

The road section of the Kerch Strait bridge will also have a giant arch.

The project’s official website (in Russian) – www.most.life – says the bridge should be completed by the end of next year, when the first cars will cross it. Then rail traffic will start crossing it in 2019.

The EU and US have ratcheted up sanctions on Russia since first imposing restrictions over the seizure of Crimea.

Western firms and politicians are banned from doing business with the Russian-installed Crimean government, or with Russian economic actors there.

Russia’s Vesti TV news says the Kerch Strait bridge will be Russia’s longest.

The bridge will not impede shipping, the project website says, as it will stand 35m (115ft) above the water.

The four-lane highway is designed for a capacity of 40,000 vehicles per 24-hour period.

Russia sees the bridge as a key strategic tool for developing Crimea, more efficient than the current ferry service.

Crimea’s land border with Ukraine is tense and heavily militarised, making cross-border deliveries slow and difficult.

Crimean Tatars on trial

Ukraine and Western governments accuse Russia of crushing political opposition in Crimea, whose leadership is solidly loyal to President Vladimir Putin. Ethnic Russians are the majority group in Crimea, which used to be part of imperial Russia.

In April 2016 the Crimean Tatars’ Mejlis – an assembly representing the ethnic group’s interests – was banned by Russia as an “extremist” organisation.

Ruslan Zeytullayev, a Crimean Tatar activist serving a 15-year jail term in Russia’s southern city of Rostov, has sent an open letter to the UN, urging international pressure on Russia to get “political” prisoners released. A month ago he went on an indefinite hunger strike.

Russia found him and three other Crimean Tatars guilty of membership in a “terrorist” group – Hizb ut-Tahrir – and jailed them all.

The group is not listed as “terrorist” in Ukraine. Amnesty International said the case raised “numerous fair trial concerns” – notably, several prosecution witnesses had retracted their pre-trial statements.

A leading Crimean Tatar activist and deputy head of the Mejlis, Akhtem Chiygoz, is expected to be sentenced by a Russian court on 11 September. He is accused of organising “mass disturbances” during a pro-Ukrainian rally in 2014 before Russia’s annexation of Crimea.


Bbc. 2017-09-01. Il controverso ponte Crimea della Russia implementa una campata gigante. [Traduttore automatico]

Ingegneri russi stanno installando un arco ferroviario gigante nel canale tra la Russia e la Crimea, come un 19 km (12 miglia) strada-ferrovia ponte prende forma.

Si tratta di un progetto politico di punta, come la Russia sostiene che la penisola ucraina di Crimea – che ha allegato nel marzo 2014 – come proprio territorio.

Ci vorrà circa un mese per fissare l’arco, del peso di 6.000 tonnellate, a massicci sostegni in acqua.

Il tratto stradale del ponte dello Stretto di Kerch presenta anche un arco gigantesco.

Il sito ufficiale del progetto (in russo) – http://www.most.life – dice che il ponte dovrebbe essere completato entro la fine del prossimo anno, quando le prime vetture lo attraverseranno. Il traffico ferroviario inizierà poi a attraversarlo nel 2019.

L’Unione europea e gli Stati Uniti hanno inasprito le sanzioni nei confronti della Russia fin dalla prima volta che hanno imposto restrizioni al sequestro del Crimea.

Aziende e politici occidentali sono vietati di fare affari con il russo installato il governo russo Crimea, o con gli attori economici russi lì.

Russia Vesti TV notizie della Russia Vesti dice che il ponte dello Stretto di Kerch sarà più lungo della Russia.

Il ponte non ostacolerà la spedizione, dice il sito web del progetto, in quanto si troverà 35m (115ft) sopra l’ acqua.

L’autostrada a quattro corsie è progettata per una capacità di 40.000 veicoli per un periodo di 24 ore.

Russia vede il ponte come uno strumento strategico chiave per lo sviluppo del Crimea, più efficiente rispetto al servizio di traghetto attuale.

Il confine terrestre della Crimea con l’Ucraina è teso e pesantemente militarizzato, il che rende le consegne transfrontaliere lente e difficili.

Criminali tatari sul processo

Ucraina e i governi occidentali accusano la Russia di schiacciare la resistenza politica in Crimea, la cui leadership è solidamente fedele al Presidente Vladimir Putin. Russi etnici sono il gruppo di maggioranza in Crimea, che una volta faceva parte della Russia imperiale.

Nell’aprile 2016 il Mejlis dei tatari krymean – un’assemblea che rappresenta gli interessi del gruppo etnico – è stato vietato dalla Russia come organizzazione “estremista”.

Ruslan Zeytullayev, un attivista del Tatar del Crimeo che serve un periodo di 15 anni di prigione nella città meridionale della Russia di Rostov, ha inviato una lettera aperta alle Nazioni Unite, esortando la pressione internazionale sulla Russia per ottenere il rilascio dei prigionieri “politici”. Un mese fa ha intrapreso uno sciopero della fame a tempo indeterminato.

Russia ha trovato lui e altri tre Tatars Crimea altri Crimea colpevole di appartenenza a un gruppo “terrorista” – Hizb ut-Tahrir – e li imprigionato tutti.

Il gruppo non è elencato come “terrorista” in Ucraina. Amnesty International ha dichiarato che il caso sollevava “numerose preoccupazioni in merito a un processo equo” – in particolare, diversi testimoni dell’accusa avevano ritirato le loro dichiarazioni preliminari al processo.

Un attivista di spicco del Tatar del Crimeo e vice capo del Mejlis, Akhtem Chiygoz, dovrebbe essere condannato da un tribunale russo l’11 settembre. Egli è accusato di aver organizzato “disordini di massa” durante un raduno filo-ucraino nel 2014 prima dell’annessione del Crimea da parte della Russia.

Pubblicato in: Russia

Russia. Capire un popolo per capire una nazione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-08.

Kremlino 001

Di fronte ad un tema del genere un universitario deve fare gran forza su sé stesso per resistere alla tentazione di scrivere “Cenni introduttivi alla comprensione del popolo russo” in ventinove ponderosi volumi di mille pagine l’uno. Condensare in due pagine è un atto davvero eroico, ma proprio questa epicità merita bene un tentativo.

*

Per comprendere un popolo, una nazione, l’attenta osservazione dei suoi simboli aiuta non poco.

Simbolo è termine che deriva dal greco συμβάλλω, mettere assieme, fare coincidere. Di conseguenza σύμβολον indica il segno di riconoscimento, il mezzo idoneo a far identificare in modo inequivocabile un certo quale oggetto, con tutte le sue implicanze.

Per comprendere russi e Russia, di grande utilità si rileva il sito ufficiale della Federazione Russa. Strumento moderno come internet che sposa con grazia tutta la tradizione passata.

Riportiamo la versione inglese ufficiale   sito, perché non tutti dominano la lingua russa.

^ ^ ^

2017-09-06__Russia_Governo__001

Visitiamo il sito Official Russia, Server of the State Bodies of the Russian Federation.

La prime cose che saltano agli occhi sono l’ordine e la sobrietà, nonché l’aggiornamento giorno per giorno.

Ma staccati, in basso a sinistra, vi sono i link a tre elementi unici nei siti ufficiali dei Governi mondiali, tranne quello cinese.

– National Symbols of The Russia Federation;

– State Awards of the Russian Federation;

– Objects of National Heritage of the Russian Federation.

I russi sono i loro simboli e viceversa. Se non dai trattati di storia, almeno dalla lettura di Guerra e Pace ben si comprende come Napoleone non abbia combattuto lo Czar Alessandro I, bensì il popolo russo, tutto il popolo russo. E questo fu il popolo che alla fine arrivò ad occupare Parigi. Tratto caratteristico dei russi è l’ottima memoria ed il non lasciare nulla incompiuto. Ma questi simboli si concretizzarono anche nel magistrale 1812 di Tchaikovsky. Composizione musicale di livello tale che la sua ouverture è suonata negli Stati Uniti durante la celebrazione del Giorno dell’Indipendenza, il ché è tutto dire.

Ed i nostri amici tedeschi hanno provato in prima persona cosa significhi spingere i russi ad una Guerra Patriottica.

Ma lo stupore non si ferma qui.

Subito sotto l’icona dei National Symbols spicca quella della “National Heritage”.

Già. I russi venerano il proprio retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale: non hanno nulla di cui doversi vergognare. Chi rinnegasse il proprio passato rinnegherebbe sé stesso e di proibirebbe il futuro. Loro le statue ai loro grandi le erigono e le restaurano, non le abbattono.

^ ^ ^

2017-09-06__Russia_Governo__002

La pagina Objects of National Heritage of the Russian Federation è una viva sorpresa.

È un severo elenco dei siti di istituzioni cardini nella storia russa. Senza commento alcuno. La loro notorietà è semplicemente mondiale.

Invano si cercherebbero vestigia delle pur tante glorie militari: quelle sono state mezzi con i quali poter diffondere idee e difendere i propri valori. È sempre bene non confondere i mezzi con i fini.

L’elenco inizia con il Kremlin, sicuramente centro di potere politico, ma anche architettura pregevole ed un museo invidiabile. Notabile il sarcofago argenteo di san Cirillo, l’uomo cui si deve l’alfabeto russo.

Ma di seguito si prosegue con molti dei gioielli culturali russi. Ne faremo una rapidissima excerpta.

^ ^ ^

2017-09-06__Russia_Governo__003

Russian State Libray.

«RUSSIAN STATE LIBRARY was founded in 1862. It took over 140 years of everyday effort and devotion of hundreds of staff to become what we are now — the legendary ‘Leninka’. Today the Library comprises a unique collection of Russian and foreign documents in 247 languages, stocking over 43 mln library items. It is also renowned for its specialised collections of maps, published and sheet music, audio records, rarities, dissertations, newspapers and other stock categories. Inspired by its history and backed up with today’s potential, the Library is emerging into the future along the four strategic vectors.»

Un popolo è rappresentato dai libri che hanno scritto i suoi grandi. Un particolare di non poco conto. Durante la rivoluzione giacobina i francesi effusero una cura particolare nel bruciare tutte le biblioteche sulle quali potevano mettere le mani: della biblioteca di Cluny fecero scempio. La rivoluzione bolscevica ben si guardò da un’infamia del genere.

^ ^ ^

2017-09-06__Russia_Governo__005

Vaganova Ballet Academy site

«Founded in 1738 to the decree of  Empress Anna  the I  of Russia, the Imperial Ballet  School  became the country’s  first educational establishment  to provide professional  ballet  training. The Vaganova Ballet Academy is now approaching  its 275th Anniversary.  During these years  the School graduated  a galaxy of renowned  performers and choreographers:  Anna Pavlova, Vatslav  Nijinsky, George Balanchin,  Rudolf Nureyev, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Natalia Makarova, Oleg Vinogradov, Yuri Grigorovich, Farukh Ruzimatov, Altynay Asylmuratova, Konstantin Zaklinsky,  Uliana Lopatkina, Diana Vishneva, Svetlana Zakharova  to name just a few.

The Method of Ballet training and education  was created  by Professor Agrippina Y. Vaganova  –  ballet teacher and professor at the Academy for thirty years,  from 1921 till 1951.

In years to come the  School  inherited the Vaganova Method  as basic ballet educational system and  further  developed  ballet  training  art  through  the  effort  and talent of its staff and students.

The Vaganova  Ballet Academy graduates successfully perform  in the world’s leading  companies and more students  come to The Academy  every year to join  the fascinating  world of ballet.»

* * * * * * *

La Russia è cultura ed arte. Se è difficile trovare un russo incolto, sembrerebbe quasi impossibile trovarne uno che non abbia subito il fascino dell’arte. Chi smonta un motore di progettazione russa non può fare a meno di notarne l’intrinseca armonia: pur essendo funzionale è anche bello.

Aggiungiamo a questo microscopico excursus la presentazione di due grandi artisti, noti a livello mondiale.

Artisti di codesto livello possono emergere solo in un contesto vivo e vegeto, vitale e vivificante.

Dmitri Hvorostovsky “Votre Toast” Toreador Song Carmen

Il barbiere di Siviglia “Largo al factotum”

Dmitri Hvorostovsky. Russian romances and Neapolitan songs

^ ^ ^

La Traviata “Sempre libera” Anna Netrebko Russian subtitles

Anna Netrebko & Jonas Kaufmann – Parigi o Cara – La Traviata

^ ^ ^

Ma forse il modo migliore per capire la Russia ed il popolo russo è sentire questa canzone e leggerne e meditarne le parole: racchiudono tutta la Russia. L’amore per la Patria e quello per la famiglia sono le due facce di un’unica medaglia.

Capire la Russia. Dmitri Hvorostovsky – Katyusha.

La Russia ed il popolo russo sono la loro secolare tradizione religiosa, storica, culturale, sociale, artistica e militare. Il perfetto opposto dell’Occidente liberal.