Giuseppe Sandro Mela.
La devoluzione del socialismo ideologico sta mietendo le sue vittime in Slovakia.
I socialisti furono maestri nel saper gestire ad arte la piazza per i propri fini rivoluzionari, ossia conquistare il potere pur essendo minoranza, ma non hanno considerato che anche gli avversari avrebbero ben imparato qualcosa.
Adesso che l’Elettorato sta voltando le spalle a liberal e socialisti, le opposizioni possono scatenare la resa dei conti.
Alle elezioni del 5 marzo 2016 il partito di Mr Robert Fico, lo Smer-SD, aveva conquistato 49 seggi e la sua coalizione 81 contro i 69 della opposizione.
Le ultime prospezioni indicherebbero 35 seggi per lo Smer-SD e 61 per la sua coalizione. La opposizione avrebbe 89 seggi.
Mr Fico è il classico rappresentante del socialismo reale: ufficialmente ideologizzato, nei fatti estremamente pragmatico pur di continuare a detenere il potere, costi quel che costi.
Già. Pur di mantenere il potere era arrivato a dire:
«efforts to topple his government were orchestrated from abroad and publicly linked billionaire philanthropist George Soros»
Forse, un buon ritratto di Mr Fico lo hanno fatto i suoi sodali di ideologia.
«At first glance, it would appear the protests over the murder of a journalist and his fiancee have triggered a political earthquake in Slovakia. But the country is still a long way from major change, says Keno Verseck.
For more than a decade, Slovak Prime Minister Robert Fico has been directing his country’s political fortunes. He is described as a social democrat, but in reality, he is a clever power tactician. He adopts positions from the far left to the far right, as the circumstances and facts require. That approach has seen him survive numerous controversies, including corruption scandals. ….
He offered the president his resignation — but only under certain conditions: His SMER party, which won the election in early 2016, must retain the right to nominate the new head of government. And the current coalition must remain in its present form. After briefly hesitating, Kiska accepted the offer. This means that the fundamental government restructuring that the president called for a week-and-a-half ago will not be taking place. As things stand at the moment, there will be no new elections either.»
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Sicuramente in Slovakia si annida molta corruzione: ovunque vi sia il pubblico ivi prosperano latrocini e peculati.
Ma tuttavia non esageriamo: a confronto dell’Amministrazione di Bruxelles gli slovacchi sono santi monaci trappisti particolarmente attenti ad adempiere al voto di povertà. Non è in discussione la “democrazia“: si rigetta questa dirigenza europea.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2018-03-17. Slovakia: Nationwide protests call for snap polls
Huge crowds have rallied across Slovakia to demand snap elections. The resignation of Prime Minister Robert Fico has failed to ease a political crisis triggered by the murder of an investigative reporter.
Tens of thousands of Slovaks staged anti-government protests in Bratislava and several other cities on Friday to call for early elections and justice for slain journalist Jan Kuciak.
The 27-year-old and his fiancee were found shot dead in their home last month. He had been working on an investigation into high-level corruption and alleged mafia links to politicians in Slovakia.
The killings have reignited debate about corruption and press freedom in the country, triggering the biggest anti-government demonstrations since the collapse of communism.
Facing mounting pressure, Prime Minister Robert Fico announced his resignation on Thursday and handed over power to his deputy and fellow Smer party member Peter Pellegrini.
That move, which will keep his three-party coalition in power and avoid snap polls, has angered many Slovaks who believe Fico will still be in a position to call the shots.
“Coalition leaders are clinging to power at any cost,” rally organizer Karolina Farska told a crowd of some 50,000 people in Bratislava. This “proves that they want to sweep all the corruption cases under the rug — the cases that the slain Jan Kuciak was writing about.”
Protests were held in around 35 towns and cities across Slovakia on Friday, with many participants braving rainy conditions as they chanted “Early elections!” and “Enough of Fico.”
Earlier on Friday, Pellegrini said he believes his government will “calm the situation in our country.”
Police say Kuciak’s death was “most likely” related to his investigation into alleged ties between Slovak politicians and Italy’s ‘Ndrangheta mafia. Although they have questioned dozens of suspects, no one has been charged over the killings.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2018-03-17. Slovakia: Has the EU looked the other way for too long?
An EU crisis delegation has just returned from Slovakia. The ensuing European Parliament debate about the situation clearly highlighted the weaknesses plaguing European policy making.
Members of every parliamentary group expressed shock and disgust over the recent murder of journalist Jan Kuciak and his fiancee.
Still, in the face of the country’s underlying political problems, the EU appears to have come up against the limits of its own powers. Moreover, Brussels has long avoided the topic of undesirable developments in former Eastern Bloc countries for fear of appearing arrogant.
A threat to the whole EU?
“When the issue is basic human rights, the EU is responsible,” says Claude Moraes of the Social Democratic bloc. He says it is right that the topic be handled with urgency, for the entire EU is threatened when fundamental rights come under threat in individual member states.
His colleague Sophie in’t Veld of the Liberal bloc wants to approach the issue from a practical standpoint: Now is the time to create new mechanisms to analyze and strengthen the rule of law in member states. She calls her idea a “health check-up” for the rule of law.
In’T Veld describes the dual reality the EU delegation found in Slovakia. On one hand, legal frameworks are good, institutions are in place, and the press and civil society are lively. On the other hand, the delegation saw a parallel reality of corruption, fraud and organized crime that have taken over entire swaths of government. “It is hard to differentiate between truth, lies and fantasy in this shadowy underworld, and that has created a great deal of mistrust among the people.”
Green party representative Benedek Javor adds: “We cannot hide behind the mantra that the protection of freedom of the press is an issue for individual member states. Journalists must be better protected and their work, when necessary, financially supported by the EU.”
And then he poses the crucial question: How could EU money be siphoned off for years without Brussels doing anything to stop it? It took a 27-year-old journalist to get to the bottom of the scam–and he paid for it with his life.
More control is the key
Milan Nic, Eastern European expert at the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), also criticized the ineffectiveness of the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF). Investigations into a number of cases in Slovakia may have gone in the right direction, he says, but they remained inconsequential.
In response to a question about its activity, the Brussels agency confirmed that it had conducted eight investigations in Slovakia over the past several years. Nevertheless, only one of them was ever published. The remainder are kept secret, and thus, remain ineffectual.
The political groups of the European Parliament pose another problem, says Nic. Outgoing Slovakian Prime Minister Robert Fico‘s Smer party, for instance, is a member of the Socialist bloc. Criticism is avoided within the bloc, however, for fear that representatives could leave to join the ranks of right-wing extremist or anti-European groups.
That is one reason Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban’s Fidesz party is still a member of the European Parliament’s largest bloc, the conservative EPP. And that is also why Hungary and Fidesz are repeatedly shielded against attack from the EU by EPP members from Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union.
A democratic risk in the East?
Slovakia expert Nic says the EU must “pay more attention to the fragile region of Central and Eastern Europe.” One can see just how easily weak institutions and parties can be taken over by strongmen simply by looking at Hungary, where Viktor Orban has used the issue of immigration to cement his grip on power. And Fico has learned from him, therefore there is a very real risk that the situation in Slovakia could become even more radical.
Nic says Slovakia is on its way to becoming a “captured state,” one taken over by corruption and organized crime. He claims new elections will be of no help and may in fact strengthen the position of extremists. Recent opinion polls show growing support for the neo-fascist LSNS party. Nic considers the coming change of government in Bratislava a charade anyhow: Fico, he says, will continue to call the shots from behind the scenes.
The real problem in Slovakia: corruption
“Robert Fico played the European card rather cleverly in Brussels,” explains Jana Kobzova from the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR). She says he presented himself as a moderate among the Visegrad Group (comprised of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia) and always sided with the majority in EU votes. Slovakia’s economy was doing well and the prime minister never caused trouble.
Political expert Kobzova says now is not the time for Europe to get more involved politically. “You cannot compare Slovakia with Poland or Hungary, where laws are changed and judicial independence is called into question.” One has to consider the threat of a backlash.
She also disagrees with the theory that Slovakia’s institutions have been hollowed by corruption and are controlled by outside forces. “The judiciary moves slowly but it is still functioning,” and basic rights are still guaranteed.
She says Europe should simply tackle the real problem plaguing the country: corruption. “Brussels must investigate the misappropriation of EU funds and stop payments.” Perhaps it would be better to end agricultural subsides instead of throwing them around like “play money.” The sums being handed out are simply too tempting for a tiny country like Slovakia.