Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, India, Materie Prime, Russia

Algeria. È interessata ad entrare nel Club di Brics.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-09.

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È nella logica delle cose che l’Algeria confluisca nel Club dei Brics.

Questi sono un insieme di paesi emergenti, in parte già emersi, collegati da rapporti economici privi di imposizioni ideologiche, rispettosi delle altrui sovranità. È una parte di mondo libero.

L’ingresso della Algeria nel Club dei Brics assommerebbe in questo Club la maggior quota mondiale degli energetici estrattivi lasciando l’enclave liberal occidentale sostanzialmente immiserito, sempre che non scompaia.

* * * * * * *

I BRICS ci interessano come alternativa ai centri di potere tradizionali, ha dichiarato il presidente algerino Abdelmadjid Tebboune in un’intervista televisiva. Il Presidente algerino Abdelmadjid Tebboune ha suggerito che il suo Paese, il più grande esportatore di gas naturale dell’Africa, potrebbe entrare a far parte del gruppo economico dei BRICS, che comprende Russia e Cina. Il commento di Tebboune arriva dopo che il presidente russo Vladimir Putin – il cui Paese è colpito da sanzioni occidentali per l’invasione dell’Ucraina – a giugno ha invitato i leader dei BRICS a muoversi verso la formazione di un vero sistema multipolare di relazioni intergovernative.

Il gruppo BRICS comprende anche le principali economie emergenti di Brasile, India e Sudafrica. Il presidente ha aggiunto che il Paese nordafricano soddisfa buona parte dei criteri economici per entrare nel blocco. I membri dei BRICS rappresentano attualmente quasi un quarto del prodotto interno lordo mondiale.

Tebboune ha partecipato a un vertice virtuale dei BRICS alla fine di giugno, quando Putin ha invitato i leader del gruppo a cooperare di fronte alle azioni egoistiche dell’Occidente. Algeri si è astenuta quando l’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite ha approvato a maggioranza una risoluzione a marzo che chiedeva alla Russia di ritirarsi immediatamente dall’Ucraina. Anche Cina, India e Sudafrica si sono astenuti. Durante una visita in Algeria a maggio, il ministro degli Esteri russo Sergei Lavrov ha dichiarato che l’anno scorso gli scambi commerciali tra il suo Paese e l’Algeria hanno raggiunto i 3 miliardi di dollari.

* * * * * * *

«The BRICS interest us as an alternative to traditional power centres, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune said in a televised interview. Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune has suggested that his country, Africa’s largest natural gas exporter, could join the BRICS economic group that includes Russia and China. Tebboune’s comment comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin — whose country is hit with Western sanctions over its Ukraine invasion — in June called on BRICS leaders to move towards formation of a truly multipolar system of inter-government relations»

«The BRICS group also includes the major emerging economies of Brazil, India and South Africa. The president added that his North African country meets a good part of the economic criteria for joining the bloc. BRICS members currently account for nearly a quarter of the world’s gross domestic product»

«Tebboune participated in a BRICS virtual summit at the end of June, when Putin called on leaders of the group to cooperate in the face of selfish actions from the West. Algiers abstained when the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly passed a resolution in March demanding Russia immediately withdraw from Ukraine. China, India and South Africa also abstained. On a visit to Algeria in May, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said trade between his country and Algeria had reached $3 billion last year»

* * * * * * *

Algeria, Africa’s Largest Natural Gas Exporter, Talks Of Joining BRICS

“The BRICS interest us” as an alternative to traditional power centres, Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune said in a televised interview.

Algiers: Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune has suggested that his country, Africa’s largest natural gas exporter, could join the BRICS economic group that includes Russia and China.

Tebboune’s comment comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin — whose country is hit with Western sanctions over its Ukraine invasion — in June called on BRICS leaders to move towards “formation of a truly multipolar system of inter-government relations”.

The BRICS group also includes the major emerging economies of Brazil, India and South Africa.

“The BRICS interest us” as an alternative to traditional power centres, Tebboune said in a televised interview late Sunday. “They constitute an economic and political force.”

He underlined that there was no need to “get ahead of things” but promised “good news”.

The president added that his North African country meets “a good part” of the economic criteria for joining the bloc.

BRICS members currently account for nearly a quarter of the world’s gross domestic product.

Tebboune participated in a BRICS virtual summit at the end of June, when Putin called on leaders of the group to cooperate in the face of “selfish actions” from the West.

Sanctions over Ukraine have pushed Putin to seek new markets and strengthen ties with countries in Africa and Asia.

Algiers abstained when the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly passed a resolution in March demanding Russia immediately withdraw from Ukraine.

China, India and South Africa also abstained.

On a visit to Algeria in May, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said trade between his country and Algeria had reached $3 billion last year.

Pubblicato in: India

India. Imf stima la crescita al 7.4% per il 2022 ed al 6.1% per il 2023.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-07.

India 013

«The International Monetary Fund recently cut India’s growth forecasts to 7.4% and 6.1% for 2022 and 2023, respectively, from 8.2% and 6.9% in April amid downside risks from a slowing world economy»

«Il Fondo Monetario Internazionale ha recentemente tagliato le previsioni di crescita dell’India al 7.4% e al 6.1% rispettivamente per il 2022 e il 2023, dall’8.2% e dal 6.9% di aprile, a causa dei rischi di rallentamento dell’economia mondiale»

* * * * * * *

G20 di Bali. I ministri di Cina, India, Brasile, Turchia, Argentina e Indonesia hanno ascoltato Mr Lavrov con deferenza.

Iran. Ha chiesto di aderire al Gruppo Brics, Russia, Cina, India, Brasile, Sud Africa.

Cina. Costruisce un secondo pone sul Lago Pangong Tso nello Himalaya. Ira furibonda della India.

India. Carbone. Utilizza oltre un trilione di tonnellate ed importa tranquillante il carbone russo.

India. Non appoggia bensì si dissocia dalle sanzioni alla Russia.

Nazioni Unite. Cina, India ed Emirati Arabi Uniti si astengono e Russia pone il veto.

India. Prosegue tranquilla a comprare petrolio dalla Russia. Non accetta le sanzioni di Joe Biden.

Nepal ed India costruiscono una megacentrale idroelettrica sul fiume Arun.

India. Vende 500,000 tonnellate di grano all’Egitto.

* * * * * * *

L’attività industriale indiana si è espansa a luglio al ritmo più rapido degli ultimi otto mesi, grazie alla solida crescita dei nuovi ordini e della produzione, mentre la domanda ha continuato a migliorare grazie all’allentamento della pressione sui prezzi. I risultati dell’indagine suggeriscono che l’economia indiana è rimasta resistente, almeno per ora, nonostante le preoccupazioni per un aumento più rapido dei tassi d’interesse, i massicci deflussi di capitale, l’indebolimento della rupia e il rapido rallentamento dell’economia globale.

L’indice dei responsabili degli acquisti nel settore manifatturiero, elaborato da S&P Global, è salito a luglio a 56.4 da 53.9 di giugno, rimanendo per il tredicesimo mese al di sopra del livello di 50 che separa la crescita dalla contrazione. Mentre i nuovi ordini e la produzione sono cresciuti al ritmo più veloce da novembre, i prezzi degli input e della produzione sono aumentati al ritmo più lento da diversi mesi, dando ulteriore impulso alla domanda.

L’industria manifatturiera indiana ha registrato nel mese di luglio un’apprezzabile combinazione di crescita economica più rapida e inflazione più contenuta. Con la diminuzione delle carenze, il tasso di inflazione dei costi dei fattori produttivi è sceso a luglio a un minimo di 11 mesi, trascinando di conseguenza il tasso di aumento dei prezzi alla produzione al livello più basso degli ultimi quattro mesi. Il Fondo Monetario Internazionale ha recentemente tagliato le previsioni di crescita dell’India al 7.4% e al 6,1% rispettivamente per il 2022 e il 2023, dall’8.2% e dal 6.9% di aprile, a causa dei rischi di rallentamento dell’economia mondiale.

* * * * * * *

«India’s factory activity expanded at its quickest pace in eight months in July, driven by solid growth in new orders and output as demand continued to improve on the back of easing price pressures . The survey results suggested the Indian economy has remained resilient, at least for now, despite concerns over faster interest rate hikes, massive capital outflows, a weakening rupee and a rapidly slowing global economy»

«The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index, compiled by S&P Global, jumped to 56.4 in July from June’s 53.9, remaining above the 50-level separating growth from contraction for a thirteenth month. While both new orders and output grew at their fastest pace since November, both input and output prices increased at their slowest rate in several months in a further boost to demand»

«The Indian manufacturing industry recorded a welcome combination of faster economic growth and softening inflation during July. With incidences of shortages diminishing, the rate of input cost inflation eased to an 11-month low in July, subsequently dragging down the rate of increase in output prices to the weakest in four months. The International Monetary Fund recently cut India’s growth forecasts to 7.4% and 6.1% for 2022 and 2023, respectively, from 8.2% and 6.9% in April amid downside risks from a slowing world economy»

* * * * * * *


India’s factory growth hits 8-month high as easing price pressures lift demand

Bengaluru, Aug 1 (Reuters) – India’s factory activity expanded at its quickest pace in eight months in July, driven by solid growth in new orders and output as demand continued to improve on the back of easing price pressures, a private survey showed.

The survey results suggested the Indian economy has remained resilient, at least for now, despite concerns over faster interest rate hikes, massive capital outflows, a weakening rupee and a rapidly slowing global economy.

The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index, compiled by S&P Global, jumped to 56.4 in July from June’s 53.9, remaining above the 50-level separating growth from contraction for a thirteenth month.

While both new orders and output grew at their fastest pace since November, both input and output prices increased at their slowest rate in several months in a further boost to demand.

“The Indian manufacturing industry recorded a welcome combination of faster economic growth and softening inflation during July,” said Pollyanna De Lima, economics associate director at S&P Global Market Intelligence.

“With incidences of shortages diminishing, the rate of input cost inflation eased to an 11-month low in July, subsequently dragging down the rate of increase in output prices to the weakest in four months.”

If that gets translated into overall price pressures, which have already shown signs of easing amid slowing commodity and food prices, it could provide some breathing space for the Reserve Bank of India.  

The RBI, which has already hiked its key interest rate by a cumulative 90 basis points since early May, is expected to raise it again this week.

The International Monetary Fund recently cut India’s growth forecasts to 7.4% and 6.1% for 2022 and 2023, respectively, from 8.2% and 6.9% in April amid downside risks from a slowing world economy.

S&P Global’s survey also showed foreign demand expanded at the weakest pace in four months in July and optimism improved only a tad last month.

Firms increased headcount at the slowest pace in three months.

“Although the upturn in demand gained strength, there were clear signs that capacity pressures remained mild as backlogs rose only marginally and job creation remained subdued,” De Lima said.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Brics. Si espandono ad Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia. Club energetico maggiore al mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-18.

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Il gruppo Brics ha ricevuto richieste di adesione da parte di Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia.

Si formerebbe in questa maniera un gruppo coordinato che insieme ai già membri Brasile, Cina, India, Russia e Sud Africa governerebbe quasi il settanta per cento delle risorse petrolifere ed energetiche mondiali e di gran parte delle materie prime.

Non solo.

Questo gruppo di dieci stati sovrani ma economicamente coordinati dispone di un Pil Ppp di 60,453.574 miliardi, contro quello americano di 25,346.805 miliardi e quello europeo do 23,730.275 miliardi.

In altri termini, i Brics sono diventati la potenza egemone mondiale. L’occidente ha ancora grandi risorse, ma è afflitto da una inflazione devastante, aggravata dal peso di immani debiti pubblici, non più a lungo sostenibili.

Ma questo non è tutto.

Il Club dei Brics è soprattutto un blocco economico nel cui ambito si rispetta in modo paritetico la sovranità nazionale altrui, senza interferenza alcuna negli altrui affari interni.

Questa è la carta vincente e rende ragione del fatto che molti altri stati sovrani stanno valutando se chiedere di essere ammessi nel Club.

L’enclave liberal occidentale sta devolvendo dissolvendosi: ci vorrà ancora qualche tempo, ma il destino è segnato. E proprio in un momento così delicato i governi occidentali sono traballanti, paralizzati, ed incapaci di prendere decisione operazionale alcuna.

* * * * * * *


BRICS expects Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey to join group soon

The president of the BRICS International Forum expects Turkey, Egypt and Saudi Arabia to join the group “very soon”. In an interview with Russia’s Izvestia, Purnima Anand said that China, Russia and India discussed this issue during the 14th BRICS Summit, which was held online last month.

“All these countries have shown an interest in joining and are preparing to apply for membership. I think this is a good step, because expansion is always perceived positively; this will clearly increase the influence of BRICS in the world,” explained Anand. “I hope that the accession of countries to BRICS will happen very quickly, because now all representatives of the core of the association are interested in expanding the organisation, so it will be very soon.”

She stressed that the accession of Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Turkey may not take place at the same time.

Earlier, Li Kexin, Director-General of the Department of International Economic Affairs of the Chinese Foreign Ministry, said that several countries were “knocking on the doors” of the organisation, including Indonesia, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Argentina.

The BRICS forum is a political organisation that began negotiations for its formation in 2006 and held its first summit in 2009. Its members were the countries with emerging economies, namely Brazil, Russia, India, and China, operating under the name BRIC, before South Africa joined the organisation in 2010, making it BRICS.

The organisation’s countries are characterised as being among the industrialised developing countries with large and emerging economies. Half of the world’s population lives in these five countries, and their combined gross domestic product is equivalent to that of the US ($13.6 trillion). Their total foreign exchange reserves are $4 trillion.

In 2017, during the BRICS summit in Xiamen, China, there was talk of the BRICS expansion plan, whereby new countries are added to the BRICS group as permanent guests or participants in the dialogue.

* * * * * * *


The Rise of BRICS: The economic giant that is taking on the West

The G7 summit in Elmau, Germany, June 26-28, and the NATO summit in Madrid, Spain, two days later, were practically useless in terms of providing actual solutions to ongoing global crises – the war in Ukraine, the looming famines, climate change and more. But the two events were important, nonetheless, as they provide a stark example of the impotence of the West, amid the rapidly changing global dynamics.

As was the case since the start of the Russia-Ukraine war, the West attempted to display unity, though it has become repeatedly obvious that no such unity exists. While France, Germany and Italy are paying a heavy price for the energy crisis resulting from the war, Britain’s Boris Johnson is adding fuel to the fire in the hope of making his country relevant on the global stage following the humiliation of Brexit. Meanwhile, the Biden Administration is exploiting the war to restore Washington’s credibility and leadership over NATO – especially following the disastrous term of Donald Trump, which nearly broke up the historic alliance.

Even the fact that several African countries are becoming vulnerable to famines  – as a result of the disruption of food supplies originating from the Black Sea and the subsequent rising prices – did not seem to perturb the leaders of some of the richest countries in the world. They still insist on not interfering in the global food market, though the skyrocketing prices have already pushed tens of millions of people below the poverty line.

Though the West had little reserve of credibility to begin with, Western leaders’ current obsession with maintaining thousands of sanctions on Russia, further NATO expansion, dumping yet more ‘lethal weapons’ in Ukraine and sustaining their global hegemony at any cost, have all pushed their credibility standing to a new low.

From the start of the Ukraine war, the West championed the same ‘moral’ dilemma as that raised by George W. Bush at the start of his so-called ‘war on terror’. “You are either with us or with the terrorist,” he declared in September 2001. But the ongoing Russia-NATO conflict cannot be reduced to simple and self-serving cliches. One can, indeed, want an end to the war, and still oppose US-western unilateralism. The reason that American diktats worked in the past, however, is that, unlike the current geopolitical atmosphere, a few dared oppose Washington’s policies.

Times have changed. Russia, China, India, along with many other countries in Asia, the Middle East, Africa and South America are navigating all available spaces to counter the suffocating western dominance. These countries have made it clear that they will not take part in isolating Russia in the service of NATO’s expansionist agenda. To the contrary, they have taken many steps to develop alternatives to the west-dominated global economy, and particularly to the US dollar which, for five decades, has served the role of a commodity, not a currency, per se. The latter has been Washington’s most effective weapon, associated with many US-orchestrated crises, sanctions and, as in the case of Iraq and Venezuela, among others, mass hunger.

China and others understand that the current conflict is not about Ukraine vs Russia, but about something far more consequential. If Washington and Europe emerge victorious, and if Moscow is pushed back behind the proverbial ‘iron curtain,’ Beijing would have no other options but to make painful concessions to the re-emerging west. This, in turn, would place a cap on China’s global economic growth, and would weaken its case regarding the One China policy.

China is not wrong. Almost immediately following NATO’s limitless military support of Ukraine and the subsequent economic war on Russia, Washington and its allies began threatening China over Taiwan. Many provocative statements, along with military maneuvers and high-level visits by US politicians to Taipei, were meant to underscore US dominance in the Pacific.

Two main reasons drove the West to further invest in the current confrontational approach against China, at a time where, arguably, it would have been more beneficial to exercise a degree of diplomacy and compromise. First, the West’s fear that Beijing could misinterpret its action as weakness and a form of appeasement; and, second, because the West’s historic relationship with China has always been predicated on intimidation, if not outright humiliation. From the Portuguese occupation of Macau in the 16th century, to the British Opium Wars of the mid-19th century, to Trump’s trade war on China, the West has always viewed China as a subject, not a partner.

This is precisely why Beijing did not join the chorus of western condemnations of Russia. Though the actual war in Ukraine is of no direct benefit to China, the geopolitical outcomes of the war could be critical to the future of China as a global power.

While NATO remains insistent on expansion so as to illustrate its durability and unity, it is the alternative world order led by Russia and China that is worthy of serious attention. According to the German Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Beijing and Moscow are working to further develop the BRICS club of major emerging economies to serve as a counterweight to the G7. The German paper is correct. BRICS’ latest summit on June 23 was designed as a message to the G7 that the West is no longer in the driving seat, and that Russia, China and the Global South are preparing for a long fight against Western dominance.

In his speech at the BRICS summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed the creation of an “international reserve currency based on the basket of currencies of our countries”. The fact that the ruble alone has managed to survive, in fact flourish, under recent Western sanctions, gives hope that BRICS currencies combined can manage to eventually sideline the US dollar as the world dominant currency.

Reportedly, it was Chinese President Xi Jinping who requested that the date of the BRICS summit be changed from 4 July  to 23 June, so that it would not appear to be a response to the G7 summit in Germany. This further underscores how the BRICS are beginning to see themselves as a direct competitor to the G7. The fact that Argentina and Iran are applying for BRICS membership also illustrates that the economic alliance is morphing into a political, in fact geopolitical, entity.

The global fight ahead is perhaps the most consequential since World War II. While NATO will continue to fight for relevance, Russia, China, and others will invest in various economic, political and even military infrastructures, in the hope of creating a permanent and sustainable counterbalance to Western dominance. The outcome of this conflict is likely to shape the future of humanity.

* * * * * * *


BRICS expands to build multipolar world: Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey to join in
Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey want to join the BRICS, Purnima Anand, President of the BRICS International Forum said, Izvestia reports.

The decision was discussed by Russia, China and India during the 14th BRICS Summit, she added.

“All of these countries have shown their interest in joining and are preparing to apply for membership. I think this is a good step, since expansion is always perceived positively, this will clearly increase the influence of the BRICS around the world,” Purnima Anand said in a statement.

The process to accept new members should not take long, Anand said, as the countries are already in the process of joining the group. However, the states will enter the BRICS gradually, one by one. Discussions on Iran, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey can be expected at the next summit in South Africa in 2023.

A high-ranking source told the publication that Saudi Arabia’s membership was reviewed during the visit of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov to Riyadh on June 1-2. Moscow supported the government’s initiative. A diplomatic solution is currently being sought.

Earlier, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that the leadership of the BRICS countries was in demand to build the multipolar world. One may also count on the assistance of African, Asian and Latin American countries that pursue an independent policy, he added.

Pavel Knyazev, Russia’s sous-sherpa at BRICS, confirmed that it was decided to start discussing the expansion of the group.

“At the last summit, a decision was made to start discussing modalities, principles and criteria for the expansion process. Once consensus is reached on these issues, all members of the five will have to decide when to start discussing potential candidates,” Knyazev said. Moscow welcomes the interest of all states in joining the BRICS, he added.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that the process to prepare for the expansion of the BRICS association had been launched.

“Of course, both Argentina and Iran are worthy and respected candidates, just like a number of other countries that appear in discussions,” Lavrov said.

On June 27, Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh announced that the authorities of the republic had applied for BRICS membership. Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova confirmed that Iran and Argentina intend to become members of the group.

BRICS is the acronym coined to associate five major emerging economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The BRICS members are known for their significant influence on world affairs. Since 2009, the governments of the BRICS states have met annually at formal summits.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Diplomazia, India, Russia

G20 di Bali. I ministri di Cina, India, Brasile, Turchia, Argentina e Indonesia hanno ascoltato Mr Lavrov con deferenza.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-15.

Gatto nero

«They were saying that Nato isolated Russia, it was his party that isolated Boris Johnson»

«Dicevano che la Nato aveva isolato la Russia, è stato il suo partito a isolare Boris Johnson»

* * *

Quando Mr Lavrov ha preso la parola hanno abbandonato l’aula i rappresentanti di una Francia il cui presidente conta nulla, della Spagna che vive nel’incubo delle prossime elezioni venture, della Germania terrorizzata dalla prossima chiusura del gas russo, degli Stati Uniti sull’orlo del collasso economico.

Si è allontanato il club dei derelitti perdenti.

I rappresentanti del mondo libero sono tutti rimasti.

I media liberal occidentali godono della grande caratteristica che è vero l’esatto contrario di quanto essi affermano.

* * * * * * *

Lavrov è un paria all’evento del G-20, ma solo per alcuni.

Il ministro degli Esteri russo Sergey Lavrov ha partecipato venerdì (8 luglio) a Bali a una riunione dei ministri delle Finanze del Gruppo dei 20 Paesi industrializzati, nonostante lo status di paria del suo Paese in Europa.

Il Segretario di Stato Antony Blinken ha rifiutato di incontrare Lavrov, così come molti altri ministri degli Esteri occidentali.

Ma in un riflesso del motivo per cui la Russia continua a fare affari con il mondo esterno e a finanziare la sua implacabile macchina da guerra, Lavrov si è seduto con diversi ministri di nazioni che hanno rifiutato di unirsi alla coalizione guidata dall’Occidente contro il suo Paese.

Tra loro c’erano diplomatici di Cina, India, Brasile, Turchia, Argentina e Indonesia.

L’incontro si è concluso senza un tradizionale comunicato congiunto che esprimesse obiettivi condivisi.

Le attività di Lavrov sono state una delle numerose e drammatiche trame di un incontro del G-20, su cui hanno pesato anche l’annuncio del primo ministro britannico Boris Johnson, giovedì, di volersi dimettere e l’assassinio, venerdì, dell’ex primo ministro giapponese, Shinzo Abe.

Lavrov ha anche colto l’occasione per denigrare Johnson, un giorno dopo aver detto che si sarebbe fatto da parte per un nuovo leader. Johnson aveva guidato una delle risposte più aggressive dell’Occidente all’invasione della Russia, sostenendo con forza il governo dell’Ucraina.

Dicevano che la Nato aveva isolato la Russia, è stato il suo partito a isolare Boris Johnson.

Sebbene la presa in giro di Johnson e dell’Occidente da parte di Lavrov non sia stata condivisa da altri partecipanti, era chiaro che le opinioni americane ed europee nei confronti della Russia e dell’Ucraina non rappresentavano un consenso tra i ministri presenti a Bali.

Mentre a Lavrov potrebbe essere impedito di viaggiare negli Stati Uniti e nell’Unione Europea, si è mosso liberamente nell’hotel di lusso che ha ospitato l’incontro di Bali, apertosi giovedì.

Il ministro degli Esteri indiano Subrahmanyam Jaishankar, che è stato visto passeggiare e chiacchierare con Lavrov nella hall dell’hotel, ha dichiarato su Twitter che lui e Lavrov hanno “scambiato opinioni” su questioni che includono “il conflitto in Ucraina” e l’Afghanistan.

L’India ha relazioni amichevoli con Mosca, da sempre patrocinatore e fonte di vendita di armi. Ha anche aiutato la Russia a resistere alle sanzioni aumentando gli acquisti di petrolio russo, approfittando di uno sconto significativo offerto da Mosca.

* * * * * * *


«Lavrov is pariah at G-20 event, but only for some»

«Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attended a meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Bali on Friday (July 8), despite his country’s pariah status in Europe»

«Secretary of State Antony Blinken declined to meet with Lavrov, as did several other Western foreign ministers»

«But in a reflection of why Russia remains able to do business with the outside world and fund its relentless war machine, Lavrov sat down with several ministers from nations that have declined to join the Western-led coalition against his country»

«They included diplomats from China, India, Brazil, Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia»

«The gathering concluded without a traditional joint communiqué expressing shared goals»

«Lavrov’s activities were one of several dramatic plotlines at a G-20 gathering also shadowed by the announcement of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday that he plans to resign and the Friday assassination of Japan’s former prime minister, Shinzo Abe»

«Lavrov also took an opportunity to disparage Johnson a day after he said he would step aside for a new leader. Johnson had led one the West’s most aggressive responses toward Russia’s invasion, strongly supporting Ukraine’s government»

«They were saying that Nato isolated Russia, it was his party that isolated Boris Johnson»

«While Lavrov’s mockery of Johnson and the West was not seconded by other attendees, it was clear that American and European views towards Russia and Ukraine did not represent a consensus among the ministers in Bali»

«While Lavrov may be barred from travel to the United States and the European Union, he moved freely through the luxury hotel that hosted the Bali gathering, which opened on Thursday»

«India’s Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar who was seen strolling and chatting with Lavrov through the hotel lobby, said on Twitter that he and Lavrov had “exchanged views” on matters including “the Ukraine conflict” and Afghanistan»

«India has friendly relations with Moscow, a longtime patron and source of arms sales. It has also helped Russia weather sanctions by increasing its purchases of Russian oil, taking advantage of a significant discount offered by Moscow»

* * * * * * *


Russia’s Lavrov is pariah at G-20 event, but only for some

Nusa Dua, Indonesia (Nytimes) – He was shunned by many, though by no means all.

Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attended a meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Bali on Friday (July 8), despite his country’s pariah status in Europe and elsewhere over its brutal war in Ukraine.

His country’s invasion of its neighbour drove two central topics of discussion at the annual event: global disruptions of food and energy supplies.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken declined to meet with Lavrov, as did several other Western foreign ministers. So many attendees refused to pose with Moscow’s top diplomat that a customary group photograph was cancelled.

But in a reflection of why Russia remains able to do business with the outside world and fund its relentless war machine, Lavrov sat down with several ministers from nations that have declined to join the Western-led coalition against his country. They included diplomats from China, India, Brazil, Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia.

Lavrov’s activities were one of several dramatic plotlines at a G-20 gathering also shadowed by the announcement of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday that he plans to resign and the Friday assassination of Japan’s former prime minister, Shinzo Abe, an act that Blinken called “shocking” and “a loss for the world”.

The gathering concluded without a traditional joint communiqué expressing shared goals, an impossible feat given that Russia would have had to sign off on any such document.

Russia’s Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov attended a meeting of finance ministers from the Group of 20 industrialised nations in Bali on Friday (July 8), despite his country’s pariah status in Europe and elsewhere over its brutal war in Ukraine.

His country’s invasion of its neighbour drove two central topics of discussion at the annual event: global disruptions of food and energy supplies.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken declined to meet with Lavrov, as did several other Western foreign ministers. So many attendees refused to pose with Moscow’s top diplomat that a customary group photograph was cancelled.

But in a reflection of why Russia remains able to do business with the outside world and fund its relentless war machine, Lavrov sat down with several ministers from nations that have declined to join the Western-led coalition against his country. They included diplomats from China, India, Brazil, Turkey, Argentina and Indonesia.

Lavrov’s activities were one of several dramatic plotlines at a G-20 gathering also shadowed by the announcement of Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday that he plans to resign and the Friday assassination of Japan’s former prime minister, Shinzo Abe, an act that Blinken called “shocking” and “a loss for the world”.

The gathering concluded without a traditional joint communiqué expressing shared goals, an impossible feat given that Russia would have had to sign off on any such document.

Lavrov also took an opportunity to disparage Johnson a day after he said he would step aside for a new leader. Johnson had led one the West’s most aggressive responses toward Russia’s invasion, strongly supporting Ukraine’s government.

“They were trying to establish this new alliance – the UK, the Baltics, Poland and Ukraine,” Lavrov said, calling it an attempt to create “an English bridgehead on the continent” after Britain’s exit from the European Union.

“They were saying that Nato isolated Russia,” Lavrov said. “It was his party that isolated Boris Johnson.”

The news of Johnson’s planned resignation led his foreign minister and potential successor, Liz Truss, to return to London and miss Friday’s programme.

While Lavrov’s mockery of Johnson and the West was not seconded by other attendees, it was clear that American and European views towards Russia and Ukraine did not represent a consensus among the ministers in Bali.

In opening remarks as the event’s host, Indonesia’s foreign minister departed from Western rhetoric when she said that growing food and energy disruptions make it the world’s “responsibility to end the war sooner than later and settle our differences at the negotiating table, not the battlefield”.

US and European officials have generally tried to avoid the perception of pressuring Ukraine into peace talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin, whom they doubt would negotiate in good faith.

While Lavrov may be barred from travel to the United States and the European Union, he moved freely through the luxury hotel that hosted the Bali gathering, which opened on Thursday.

India’s Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar who was seen strolling and chatting with Lavrov through the hotel lobby, said on Twitter that he and Lavrov had “exchanged views” on matters including “the Ukraine conflict” and Afghanistan.

India has friendly relations with Moscow, a longtime patron and source of arms sales. It has also helped Russia weather sanctions by increasing its purchases of Russian oil, taking advantage of a significant discount offered by Moscow.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Iran. Ha chiesto di aderire al Gruppo Brics, Russia, Cina, India, Brasile, Sud Africa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-02.

Iran 003

Nota.

L’articolo calcola il peso economico usando i pil assoluti al posto degli usuali pil ppp.

Ne consegue che i valori riportati siano sottostimati rispetto alla realtà dei fatti.

Si noti anche come l’articolista sia diventato cauto nelle espressioni.

«Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists»

* * * * * * *

L’Iran, che detiene le seconde riserve di gas al mondo, ha chiesto di entrare a far parte del gruppo BRICS, composto da Brasile, Russia, India, Cina e Sudafrica, che Pechino e Mosca presentano come una potente alternativa dei mercati emergenti all’Occidente.

Il termine BRIC è stato coniato dall’economista di Goldman Sachs Jim O’Neill nel 2001 per descrivere la sorprendente ascesa di Brasile, Russia, India e Cina. Le potenze del BRIC hanno tenuto il loro primo vertice nel 2009 in Russia. Il Sudafrica ha aderito nel 2010.

La Russia ha dichiarato che anche l’Argentina ha chiesto di aderire

Mentre la Casa Bianca pensava a cos’altro spegnere nel mondo, vietare o rovinare, l’Argentina e l’Iran hanno chiesto di entrare nei BRICS.

La Cina è di gran lunga l’economia più grande del gruppo BRICS, con oltre il 70% della potenza economica collettiva del gruppo, pari a 27.5 trilioni di dollari. L’India rappresenta circa il 13%, mentre la Russia e il Brasile rappresentano ciascuno circa il 7%, secondo i dati del FMI. I BRICS rappresentano oltre il 40% della popolazione mondiale e circa il 26% dell’economia globale.

Xi ha criticato “l’abuso” delle sanzioni internazionali, mentre Putin ha rimproverato all’Occidente di fomentare la crisi globale.

Il presidente degli Stati Uniti Joe Biden ha dichiarato che l’Occidente è impegnato in una battaglia con i governi autocratici come Cina e Russia.

Il 24 febbraio la Russia ha inviato truppe in Ucraina per ridurre le capacità militari del suo vicino meridionale, estirpare coloro che definisce pericolosi nazionalisti e difendere i russofoni di due regioni dell’Ucraina orientale.

* * * * * * *

«Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West»

«The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010»

«Russia said Argentina had also applied to join»

«While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS»

«China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data. BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy»

«Xi criticised “the abuse” of international sanctions, while Putin scolded the West for fomenting global crisis»

«U.S. President Joe Biden has said the West is locked in a battle with autocratic governments such as China and Russia»

«Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists and defend the Russian-speakers of two eastern Ukrainian regions»

* * * * * * *


Iran applies to join China and Russia in BRICS club

– Iran applies to join BRICS

– Russia says West is failing

– Argentina also applied to join BRICS – Russia

* * * * * * *

Dubai/London, June 28 (Reuters) – Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West.

The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010.

Iran’s membership in the BRICS group “would result in added values for both sides”, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson said. Russia said Argentina had also applied to join.

Russia cast the applications as evidence that the West, led by the United States, was failing to isolate Moscow after the invasion of Ukraine.

“While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS,” Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.

Argentine officials could not be reached for immediate comment but President Alberto Fernandez, currently in Europe, has in recent days reiterated his desire for Argentina to join BRICS.

China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data.

BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy.

Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979 swept U.S.-backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi from power, Iran has been ostracised by the West and its economy crippled by a myriad of sanctions. It hold’s around a quarter of the Middle East’s oil reserves.

                         Chinese Power.

Chinese President Xi Jinping joined Russian President Vladimir Putin and other BRICS leaders for a virtual summit last week.

Xi criticised “the abuse” of international sanctions, while Putin scolded the West for fomenting global crisis, with both leaders calling for greater BRICS cooperation.  

Putin has said relations with China are the best they have ever been and touts a strategic partnership with China aimed at countering U.S. influence.

U.S. President Joe Biden has said the West is locked in a battle with autocratic governments such as China and Russia.

The United States and European powers blame Putin’s decision to invade Ukraine as the reason relations with the West have sunk to the lowest level since the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis — including the severest sanctions in modern history.

But Putin says the West wants to destroy Russia, that the economic sanctions are akin to a declaration of economic war and that Russia will build ties with other powers such as China, India and powers in the Middle East.

Putin, who casts the Ukraine war as a “special military operation”, blames the United States for humiliating Russia in the aftermath of the 1991 fall of the Soviet Union and threatening Moscow by enlarging the NATO military alliance.

Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists and defend the Russian-speakers of two eastern Ukrainian regions.

Ukraine says Russia has launched an imperial-style land grab and will never surrender its territory to Russia.

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura, India

India. Le semine di riso sono calate del 46% rispetto lo scorso anno a causa dei monsoni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-01.

India 013

La semina di riso in India è diminuita del 46% rispetto all’anno scorso.

Gli agricoltori indiani hanno seminato finora 1,96 milioni di ettari di riso estivo, secondo i dati del ministero dell’Agricoltura di venerdì, con un calo del 46% rispetto all’anno scorso, soprattutto a causa di un inizio debole del monsone.

Tuttavia, le prospettive sono migliori, dato che il monsone si è ripreso. Le piogge estive hanno coperto più della metà del Paese e il deficit di precipitazioni si è ridotto al 2% dal 36%.

La semina è appena iniziata e la superficie coltivata a riso potrebbe aumentare con una ripresa delle piogge monsoniche.

Gli agricoltori generalmente iniziano a piantare riso, mais, cotone, soia, canna da zucchero e arachidi, tra le altre colture, a partire da giugno, quando le piogge monsoniche arrivano tipicamente in India.

Le piogge monsoniche giocano un ruolo cruciale nell’agricoltura – che impiega quasi il 50% della forza lavoro indiana – poiché quasi la metà dei terreni agricoli del Paese non è irrigata.

La superficie coltivata a cotone è stata di 3.18 milioni di ettari, in calo rispetto ai 3.73 milioni di ettari dell’anno precedente.

La semina di soia, la principale coltura estiva di semi oleosi, si è attestata a 278,000 milioni di ettari, rispetto a 1.25 milioni di ettari nello stesso periodo del 2021.

La superficie coltivata a riso proteico è salita a 202,000 ettari contro i 132,000 dello scorso anno.

La piantagione di canna da zucchero è rimasta quasi invariata a 5.07 milioni di ettari

* * * * * * *


«India’s rice planting down 46% from last year»

«Indian farmers have planted 1.96 million hectares with summer-sown rice so far, farm ministry data showed on Friday, down 46% from last year mainly due to a weak start to the monsoon»

«The outlook is better, however, as the monsoon has gathered steam. Summer rains have covered more than half of the country, with the rainfall deficit getting narrowed to 2% from 36%.»

«The planting has just started, and the area under rice could go up with a pick-up in monsoon rains»

«Farmers generally start planting rice, corn, cotton, soybeans, sugarcane and peanuts, among other crops, from June, when monsoon rains typically arrive in India»

«Monsoon rains play a crucial role in agriculture – which employs nearly 50% of India’s workforce – as nearly half of the country’s farmland lacks irrigation»

«The area planted with cotton totalled 3.18 million hectares, down from 3.73 million hectares a year earlier»

«The sowing of soybeans, the main summer oilseed crop, stood at 278,000 million hectares, compared with 1.25 million hectares at the same time in 2021»

«The area planted with protein-rice pulse rose to 202,000 hectares against 132,000 hectares last year»

«Sugarcane planting was almost unchanged at 5.07 million hectares»

* * * * * * *


India’s rice planting down 46% from last year, likely to pick up

New Delhi, June 24 (Reuters) – Indian farmers have planted 1.96 million hectares with summer-sown rice so far, farm ministry data showed on Friday, down 46% from last year mainly due to a weak start to the monsoon.

The outlook is better, however, as the monsoon has gathered steam. Summer rains have covered more than half of the country, with the rainfall deficit getting narrowed to 2% from 36%.  

The planting has just started, and the area under rice could go up with a pick-up in monsoon rains, said B.V. Krishna Rao, president of the All India Rice Exporters Association.

Farmers generally start planting rice, corn, cotton, soybeans, sugarcane and peanuts, among other crops, from June, when monsoon rains typically arrive in India. Sowing usually lasts until July.

Monsoon rains play a crucial role in agriculture – which employs nearly 50% of India’s workforce – as nearly half of the country’s farmland lacks irrigation.

The Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare will keep updating the provisional crop sowing figures as it gathers more information from state governments.

The planting figures are also subject to revision depending on the progress of the June-September monsoon season.

The area planted with cotton totalled 3.18 million hectares, down from 3.73 million hectares a year earlier. Monsoon rains have been sparse over cotton-growing areas in Gujarat and Maharashtra states in the west.

Farmers have a relatively short window to complete cotton sowing and that’s why rains need to pick up to help growers plant the crop.

The sowing of soybeans, the main summer oilseed crop, stood at 278,000 million hectares, compared with 1.25 million hectares at the same time in 2021.

The area planted with protein-rice pulse rose to 202,000 hectares against 132,000 hectares last year.

But pulse acreage could drop in the next few weeks as some farmers might switch to more lucrative cotton and soybean, said Nitin Kalantri, a trader based in Maharashtra.

Sugarcane planting was almost unchanged at 5.07 million hectares.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, India, Materie Prime, Russia

Russia. L’export verso i Brics è aumentato in tre mesi del 58%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-26.

Lavron e Putin che ridono 001

Il presidente russo Vladimir Putin ha dichiarato che il commercio con l’India e la Cina si è rafforzato nonostante le sanzioni petrolifere occidentali.

Nonostante tutte le difficoltà dell’economia globale dovute alle “sanzioni politicamente motivate”, il commercio totale con Brasile, India, Cina e Sudafrica è aumentato del 38% nei primi tre mesi dell’anno, raggiungendo i 45 miliardi di dollari.

I produttori di petrolio russi hanno inviato più greggio agli acquirenti asiatici, soprattutto a Cina e India, con forti sconti, mentre gli acquirenti europei riducono gli acquisti.

All’inizio del 2022 circa due terzi del greggio russo veniva esportato in Europa, mentre ora circa il 50% del petrolio nazionale è destinato all’Asia.

La Russia sta anche lavorando con i paesi BRICS per creare una valuta di riserva internazionale basata su un paniere.

La Russia esporta volumi significativi di fertilizzanti verso i Paesi BRICS.

* * * * * * *

Con una ripetitività ossessionante i media liberal di regime ripetono la solita frase stereotipata:

«amid Western oil sanctions».

Difficile capire se lo ripetano per impararlo a memoria oppure se questo altro non sia che una velina la cui pubblicazione sia loro imposta da alto loco.

In ogni caso sono proprio i media liberal occidentali a constare quanto poco valgano o diktat americani.

Al mondo nessuno ne tiene conto.

* * * * * * *

«Russian President Vladimir Putin said trade with India and China has strengthened amid Western oil sanctions»

«Despite all the difficulties in the global economy due to “politically motivated sanctions,” total trade with Brazil, India, China and South Africa rose 38% in the first three months of the year to US$45 billion, he said»

«Russian oil producers have been sending more crude to Asian buyers, mostly to China and India, at steep discounts as European buyers reduce purchases»

«At the start of 2022 some two-thirds of Russian crude was being exported to Europe, now about 50% of nation’s oil is going to Asia»

«Russia is also working with fellow BRICS to create a basket-based international reserve currency»

«Russia exports significant volumes of fertilizers to the BRICS nations»

* * * * * * *


Putin Sees Russia Oil Flows to China, India ‘Growing Noticeably’

(June 22): Russian President Vladimir Putin said trade with India and China has strengthened amid Western oil sanctions in response to the invasion of Ukraine.

“Russian oil supplies to China and India are growing noticeably,” Putin said in a video address to the BRICS Business Summit on Wednesday. Despite all the difficulties in the global economy due to “politically motivated sanctions,” total trade with Brazil, India, China and South Africa rose 38% in the first three months of the year to US$45 billion, he said.

Russian oil producers have been sending more crude to Asian buyers, mostly to China and India, at steep discounts as European buyers reduce purchases. The country didn’t want to turn away from Europe’s energy market, but it has been pushed out and will find other customers, Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak said last week.

At the start of 2022 some two-thirds of Russian crude was being exported to Europe, now about 50% of nation’s oil is going to Asia, according to Gazprom Neft Chief Executive Officer Alexander Dyukov.

Russia is also working with fellow BRICS to create a basket-based international reserve currency, Putin said. “Cooperation in agriculture is developing dynamically. Russia exports significant volumes of fertilizers to the BRICS nations,” he said.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, India

Cina. Costruisce un secondo pone sul Lago Pangong Tso nello Himalaya. Ira furibonda della India.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-15.

Cina Pangong Tso lake 001

«La Cina sta costruendo un ponte su un lago in Ladakh, al confine himalayano con l’India, una mossa condannata dal governo indiano che l’ha definita una “costruzione illegale”»

«Si tratta del secondo e più robusto dei due ponti cinesi che attraversano il lago Pangong Tso»

«il nuovo ponte è in grado di sostenere carri armati e mezzi corazzati e aiuterebbe la Cina ad accelerare il dispiegamento tra le sponde del fiume»

«Il ponte aggiunge alle capacità cinesi la capacità di spostare rapidamente le forze tra le sponde settentrionali e meridionali del lago Pangong Tso, che prima mancava»

«Il lago Pangong Tso si trova in un territorio conteso e rivendicato da entrambi i Paesi»

«il nuovo ponte – che accorcia la distanza di 130 chilometri tra la sponda meridionale e quella settentrionale del lago – fa parte di un tentativo di annullare il vantaggio tattico indiano nell’area»

«Cina e India hanno ancora decine di migliaia di truppe ammassate sul confine»

* * * * * * *

In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«China is building a bridge across a lake in Ladakh on China’s Himalayan border with India — a move condemned by the Indian government, which called it an “illegal construction.”»

«It is the second and sturdier of two Chinese bridges across the Pangong Tso lake»

«Speaking to CNBC, a retired general of the Indian Army, who used to be stationed in Ladakh, said the new bridge is capable of supporting tanks and armored personnel carriers and would help China speed up deployment between the river banks»

«What the bridge adds to Chinese capabilities is the ability to speedily move forces between the north and the south banks of Pangong Tso lake, which they were earlier lacking»

«Pangong Tso lake is in disputed territory claimed by both countries»

«the new bridge — which shortens the 130-kilometer distance between the southern and northern banks of the lake — is part of an attempt to negate a tactical Indian advantage in the area»

«China and India still have tens of thousands of troops massed on the border»

* * * * * * *


China is building a new bridge on a disputed Himalayan border, drawing ire from India

– China is building a bridge across a lake in Ladakh on China’s Himalayan border with India — a move condemned by the Indian government, which called it an “illegal construction.”

– China and India have tens of thousands of troops massed on the border despite 15 rounds of talks to de-escalate military tensions after a violent confrontation in the area two years ago.

– In June 2020, India and China had a brutal and bloody skirmish without guns, fighting pitched battles in the icy cold, using metal rods, bludgeons with nail filings and other such improvised weapons.

* * * * * * *

China is building a bridge across a lake in Ladakh on China’s Himalayan border with India — a move condemned by the Indian government, which called it an “illegal construction.”

It is the second and sturdier of two Chinese bridges across the Pangong Tso lake. 

Speaking to CNBC, a retired general of the Indian Army, who used to be stationed in Ladakh, said the new bridge is capable of supporting tanks and armored personnel carriers and would help China speed up deployment between the river banks.

“What the bridge adds to Chinese capabilities is the ability to speedily move forces between the north and the south banks of Pangong Tso lake, which they were earlier lacking” said General Rohit Gupta, who served with the Fire and Fury Corps of the Northern Command of the Indian Army.

Ladakh is the site of an ongoing confrontation between the two nations.

It was a flashpoint between India and China in mid-2020, when violent clashes killed 20 Indian soldiers and five Chinese soldiers, according to their respective governments. Other reports set the Chinese death toll higher, at between 38 and 45 Chinese soldiers.

Pangong Tso lake is in disputed territory claimed by both countries. China has controlled two-thirds of the lake since the 1960s, and India holds the remaining one-third.

“We have seen reports of a bridge being constructed by China on Pangong Lake alongside its earlier bridge. Both these bridges are in areas that have continued to be under the illegal occupation of China since the 1960s,” India’s external affairs ministry spokesman Arindam Bagchi told reporters last week.

“We have never accepted such illegal occupation of our territory, nor have we accepted the unjustified Chinese claim or such construction activities,” he said.

According to Gen. Gupta, the new bridge — which shortens the 130-kilometer distance between the southern and northern banks of the lake — is part of an attempt to negate a tactical Indian advantage in the area.

Gen. Gupta said India had also built a lot of infrastructure to assist “better tactical, operational” deployment of forces. While the new Chinese bridge was a matter of concern, it could be neutralized, he added.

“Interdiction of such known terrain entities is possible, especially through precision munitions delivered from a variety of resources,” he said, adding that the Indian side had a clear view of the bridge from positions it held.

The dispute about the bridge would likely have been discussed as part of overall security discussions in the Quad meeting, visiting scholar in the Asia program at Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Deep Pal, told CNBC on Monday, before the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue on Tuesday.

A leaders’ meeting of the four-nation Quad — made up of Australia, India, Japan and the U.S. — was held in Tokyo on Tuesday. The group’s goal is to counter China’s growing assertiveness in the region.

“But there is no immediate response that the Quad could make,” Pal added, pointing out that the grouping was not an “Asian Nato.″

Of the four nations comprising the Quad, India is the only one which shares a border with China. The 3,488-km-long unmarked border between India and China is the world’s longest disputed border.

Former Indian trade secretary Ajay Dua told CNBC on Tuesday that Quad nations should work together militarily, even if it’s at the risk of angering China.

“I would like to see Quad nations getting together to provide greater military security,” he told CNBC’s “Street Signs Asia,” adding it is the “need of the hour.”

China and India still have tens of thousands of troops massed on the border despite 15 rounds of talks to de-escalate military tensions after a violent confrontation in 2020.

In June that year, the two nuclear-armed Asian giants fought a brutal and bloody skirmish without guns, in hand-to-hand combat with metal rods, bludgeons with nail filings and other such improvised weapons.

Under previous treaties, both countries have agreed not to carry or use firearms to prevent escalation.

Highlighting China’s belligerence at its border with India and with neighbors in the South China Sea, Dua noted the Quad was formed in 2007 as a security dialogue — not as a trade agreement. 

“I would like to see [Quad countries provide] military security irrespective of the Chinese reaction,” he said, adding that China had already conducted a disinformation campaign, labeling the Quad as an anti-China grouping. 

“No country in the region can handle China alone. The U.S. on its own can,” he said.

* * * * * * *


La Cina sta costruendo un nuovo ponte su un confine himalayano conteso, attirando le ire dell’India

– La Cina sta costruendo un ponte su un lago in Ladakh, al confine himalayano con l’India, una mossa condannata dal governo indiano che l’ha definita una “costruzione illegale”.

– La Cina e l’India hanno decine di migliaia di truppe ammassate sul confine, nonostante i 15 cicli di colloqui per attenuare le tensioni militari dopo un violento scontro nella zona due anni fa.

– Nel giugno 2020, l’India e la Cina hanno avuto una brutale e sanguinosa schermaglia senza armi, combattendo battaglie a fuoco nel freddo gelido, utilizzando aste di metallo, randelli con limatura di chiodi e altre armi improvvisate.

* * * * * * *

La Cina sta costruendo un ponte su un lago in Ladakh, al confine himalayano con l’India, un’azione condannata dal governo indiano che l’ha definita una “costruzione illegale”.

Si tratta del secondo e più robusto dei due ponti cinesi che attraversano il lago Pangong Tso.

Parlando con la CNBC, un generale in pensione dell’esercito indiano, che era di stanza nel Ladakh, ha detto che il nuovo ponte è in grado di sostenere carri armati e mezzi corazzati e aiuterebbe la Cina ad accelerare il dispiegamento tra le sponde del fiume.

“Il ponte aggiunge alle capacità cinesi la capacità di spostare rapidamente le forze tra le sponde settentrionali e meridionali del lago Pangong Tso, che prima non avevano”, ha dichiarato il generale Rohit Gupta, che ha prestato servizio presso il Fire and Fury Corps del Comando settentrionale dell’esercito indiano.

Il Ladakh è il luogo di un continuo confronto tra le due nazioni.

È stato un punto di rottura tra India e Cina a metà del 2020, quando violenti scontri hanno ucciso 20 soldati indiani e cinque cinesi, secondo i rispettivi governi. Secondo altri rapporti, il bilancio delle vittime cinesi è più alto, tra i 38 e i 45 soldati cinesi.

Il lago Pangong Tso si trova in un territorio conteso e rivendicato da entrambi i Paesi. La Cina controlla due terzi del lago dagli anni ’60, mentre l’India detiene il restante terzo.

“Abbiamo avuto notizia della costruzione di un ponte da parte della Cina sul lago Pangong, accanto al ponte precedente. Entrambi i ponti si trovano in aree che continuano a essere sotto l’occupazione illegale della Cina dagli anni ’60”, ha dichiarato la scorsa settimana il portavoce del Ministero degli Affari Esteri indiano, Arindam Bagchi.

“Non abbiamo mai accettato questa occupazione illegale del nostro territorio, né abbiamo accettato le ingiustificate rivendicazioni cinesi o queste attività di costruzione”, ha dichiarato.

Secondo il generale Gupta, il nuovo ponte – che accorcia la distanza di 130 chilometri tra la sponda meridionale e quella settentrionale del lago – fa parte di un tentativo di annullare il vantaggio tattico indiano nell’area.

Il generale Gupta ha detto che l’India ha anche costruito molte infrastrutture per aiutare un “migliore dispiegamento tattico e operativo” delle forze. Anche se il nuovo ponte cinese è fonte di preoccupazione, può essere neutralizzato, ha aggiunto.

“L’interdizione di queste entità note sul terreno è possibile, soprattutto grazie a munizioni di precisione fornite da una varietà di risorse”, ha detto, aggiungendo che la parte indiana aveva una chiara visione del ponte dalle posizioni che deteneva.

La disputa sul ponte sarebbe stata probabilmente discussa nell’ambito delle discussioni sulla sicurezza generale durante la riunione del Quadrilatero, ha dichiarato lunedì alla CNBC Deep Pal, studioso ospite del programma Asia del Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, prima del dialogo sulla sicurezza del Quadrilatero di martedì.

Martedì si è tenuta a Tokyo una riunione dei leader del Quadrilatero, composto da Australia, India, Giappone e Stati Uniti. L’obiettivo del gruppo è quello di contrastare la crescente assertività della Cina nella regione.

Ma non c’è una risposta immediata che il Quad possa dare”, ha aggiunto Pal, sottolineando che il gruppo non è una “Nato asiatica”.

Delle quattro nazioni che compongono il Quad, l’India è l’unica a condividere un confine con la Cina. Il confine non marcato tra India e Cina, lungo 3.488 km, è il più lungo confine conteso al mondo.

L’ex segretario al commercio indiano Ajay Dua ha dichiarato martedì alla CNBC che i Paesi del Quadrilatero dovrebbero collaborare militarmente, anche a rischio di irritare la Cina.

“Vorrei che le nazioni del Quad si unissero per garantire una maggiore sicurezza militare”, ha detto alla CNBC a “Street Signs Asia”, aggiungendo che è la “necessità del momento”.

La Cina e l’India hanno ancora decine di migliaia di truppe ammassate al confine nonostante 15 cicli di colloqui per attenuare le tensioni militari dopo un violento scontro nel 2020.

Nel giugno dello stesso anno, i due giganti asiatici dotati di armi nucleari hanno combattuto una brutale e sanguinosa schermaglia senza armi, in combattimenti corpo a corpo con aste di metallo, randelli con limatura di chiodi e altre armi improvvisate.

In base a precedenti trattati, entrambi i Paesi hanno concordato di non portare o usare armi da fuoco per evitare un’escalation.

Sottolineando la bellicosità della Cina al confine con l’India e con i vicini nel Mar Cinese Meridionale, Dua ha sottolineato che il Quad è stato costituito nel 2007 come dialogo sulla sicurezza, non come accordo commerciale.

“Vorrei che [i Paesi del Quadrilatero] fornissero sicurezza militare a prescindere dalla reazione cinese”, ha dichiarato, aggiungendo che la Cina ha già condotto una campagna di disinformazione, etichettando il Quadrilatero come un raggruppamento anti-Cina.

“Nessun Paese della regione può gestire la Cina da solo. Gli Stati Uniti da soli possono farlo”, ha affermato.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, India, Materie Prime, Russia, Stati Uniti

India. Carbone. Utilizza oltre un trilione di tonnellate ed importa tranquillante il carbone russo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-13.

India 013

«India ranks 2nd in the world for Coal consumption, accounting for about 84.8% of the world’s total consumption of 1,139,471,430 tons. India consumes 729,540 cubic feet of Coal per capita every year (based on the 2016 population of 1,324,517,249 people), or 1,999 cubic feet per capita per day»

«India’s coal production rose 8.6% to 777.2 million tonnes during the year ended March 2022»

«India’s coal supply rose 18.4% to 818 million tonnes in the fiscal year 2021/22»

«domestic supply exceeding annual output by 5.2% as consumers dipped into reserves to address higher demand»

«The electricity sector accounts for over three-fourths of India’s coal consumption, and coal accounts for nearly 75% of India’s power production»

«The energy hungry nation’s coal imports from April 2021- January 2022 fell 16.4% to 173.20 million tonnes, compared with 207.24 million tonnes during the same period the previous yea»

«Imports of non-coking coal, mainly used in power generation, fell 23.3% to 125.61 million tonnes, while imports of coking coal, predominantly used in steelmaking, rose 9.7% to 47.6 million tonnes in the April-January period year over year»

«Production by so-called “captive mines,” where end-use of the fuel extracted is restricted for self-use, rose 29.5% to 89.6 million tonnes»

«The consumption of coal by India, the world’s second largest producer, consumer and importer of the fuel, is set to cross the 1 billion tonnes mark for the first time in the financial year 2021/22»

«State-run Coal India, which accounts for over 80% of the country’s domestic output of the fuel, saw its production grow 4.4% to a record 622.6 million tonnes during the year»

«India’s coal imports from Russia jumped in March to highs not seen in more than two years»

«The European Commission last week proposed banning Russian coal as part of a new round of sanctions against Moscow»

«Markets suspect that India and China may boost coal imports from Russia, offsetting some of the impact of a formalised EU ban on Russian coal import»

«The White House has fired two ‘warning shots’ to date, pressuring India to be on the ‘right side of history’ and avoid aligning with Russia»

* * * * * * *

Il consumo di carbone da parte dell’India, secondo produttore, consumatore e importatore mondiale di questo combustibile, è destinato a superare per la prima volta la soglia di 1 miliardo di tonnellate nell’anno finanziario 2021/22.

Le importazioni di carbone non coke, utilizzato principalmente per la produzione di energia, sono scese del 23.3% a 125.61 milioni di tonnellate, mentre le importazioni di carbone coke, utilizzato principalmente per la produzione di acciaio, sono aumentate del 9.7% a 47.6 milioni di tonnellate nel periodo aprile-gennaio dell’anno precedente.

Il settore elettrico rappresenta oltre i tre quarti del consumo di carbone in India e il carbone rappresenta quasi il 75% della produzione di energia elettrica del Paese.

L’India è al secondo posto nel mondo per il consumo di carbone, rappresentando circa l’84.8% del consumo totale mondiale di 1,139,471,430 tonnellate. L’India consuma 729,540 piedi cubi di carbone pro capite ogni anno (in base alla popolazione del 2016 di 1,324,517,249 persone), o 1,999 piedi cubi pro capite al giorno.

L’India non appoggia bensì i dissocia dalle sanzioni all’export poste in essere da Joe Biden.

After buying cheap Russian oil, India is now setting sights on its coal

«- India’s coal imports from Russia jumped in March to highs not seen in more than two years

-The European Commission last week proposed banning Russian coal as part of a new round of sanctions against Moscow

– Markets suspect that India and China may boost coal imports from Russia, offsetting some of the impact of a formalised EU ban on Russian coal import

– The White House has fired two ‘warning shots’ to date, pressuring India to be on the ‘right side of history’ and avoid aligning with Russia»

Dopo aver acquistato petrolio russo a basso costo, l’India punta anche sul suo carbone.

Le importazioni indiane di carbone dalla Russia sono salite a marzo a livelli mai visti in più di due anni.

La scorsa settimana la Commissione europea ha proposto di vietare il carbone russo nell’ambito di un nuovo ciclo di sanzioni contro Mosca.

I mercati sospettano che l’India e la Cina possano incrementare le importazioni di carbone dalla Russia, compensando in parte l’impatto di un divieto formale dell’UE sulle importazioni di carbone russo.

La Casa Bianca ha sparato due “colpi di avvertimento” fino ad oggi, facendo pressione sull’India affinché stia “dalla parte giusta della storia” ed eviti di allinearsi con la Russia.

                         Alcune considerazioni.

– Il sistema economico indiano ricava gran parte della energia elettrica utilizzata da centrali alimentate a carbone.

– L’enclave liberal occidentale ha sanzionato l’import di carbone russo, ma l’India, come tutti i paesi liberi, continuano ad importare il carbone russo semplicemente ignorando il diktat liberal.

– L’enclave liberal socialista occidentale ha perso il progresso potere di imporsi al mondo libero.

 * * * * * * *


India. Non appoggia bensì si dissocia dalle sanzioni alla Russia.

Nazioni Unite. Cina, India ed Emirati Arabi Uniti si astengono e Russia pone il veto.

India. Impianterà miniere di carbone in Botswana.

G20. Roma. Cina, Russia ed India non vogliono abbandonare il carbone.

COP26 aims to banish coal. Asia is building hundreds of power plants to burn it.

Cop26. O l’ovest paga oppure India resterà a lungo con il carbone. ~5 trilioni di Usd.

Nepal ed India costruiscono una megacentrale idroelettrica sul fiume Arun.

India. Prosegue tranquilla a comprare petrolio dalla Russia. Non accetta le sanzioni di Joe Biden.

India will continue to buy oil from Russia.

India – Russia accordo per usare rupia e rublo come valute di scambio. – Sfregio a Biden.

India. Feb22. Import greggio +24% anno su anno. L’economia è in crescita.

 * * * * * * *


India’s annual coal output up 8.6%, supply up 18.4%

New Delhi, April 1 (Reuters) – India’s coal production rose 8.6% to 777.2 million tonnes during the year ended March 2022, the government said on Friday, driven by a surge in power demand due to an economic recovery after the relaxation of coronavirus-related restrictions.

India’s coal supply rose 18.4% to 818 million tonnes in the fiscal year 2021/22, the government said, with domestic supply exceeding annual output by 5.2% as consumers dipped into reserves to address higher demand.

India’s power supply rose over 8% in 2021/22, the highest rate of growth in ten years mainly due to a lower base in 2020/21, when consumption was battered by nationwide lockdowns to try to stop the spread of the coronavirus.

The electricity sector accounts for over three-fourths of India’s coal consumption, and coal accounts for nearly 75% of India’s power production.

The energy hungry nation’s coal imports from April 2021- January 2022 fell 16.4% to 173.20 million tonnes, compared with 207.24 million tonnes during the same period the previous year, government data shows.

Imports of non-coking coal, mainly used in power generation, fell 23.3% to 125.61 million tonnes, while imports of coking coal, predominantly used in steelmaking, rose 9.7% to 47.6 million tonnes in the April-January period year over year.

Production by so-called “captive mines,” where end-use of the fuel extracted is restricted for self-use, rose 29.5% to 89.6 million tonnes, the statement said.

The consumption of coal by India, the world’s second largest producer, consumer and importer of the fuel, is set to cross the 1 billion tonnes mark for the first time in the financial year 2021/22.

The government is yet to release official data on the imports of the fuel for the months of February and March.

State-run Coal India, which accounts for over 80% of the country’s domestic output of the fuel, saw its production grow 4.4% to a record 622.6 million tonnes during the year.

* * * * * * *


Coal India to import for first time in years as power shortages loom

New Delhi, May 28 (Reuters) – State-run Coal India, the world’s largest coal miner, will import the fuel for use by utilities, a power ministry letter seen by Reuters showed on Saturday, as shortages raise concerns about renewed power outages.

It would be the first time since 2015 that Coal India has imported the fuel, highlighting efforts by state and federal officials to stock up to avoid a repeat of April, when India faced its worst power cuts in more than six years.

“Coal India would import coal for blending on government-to-government (G2G) basis and supply … to thermal power plants of state generators and independent power producers (IPPs),” the federal Power Ministry said in the letter dated May 28.

The letter was sent to all utilities, top federal and state energy officials including the federal coal secretary and the chairman of Coal India.

India is expected to face a wider coal shortage during the third quarter of 2022 due to expectations of higher electricity demand, stoking fears of widespread power outages.  

The power ministry said in the letter the decision was taken after nearly all states suggested that multiple coal import tenders by states would lead to a confusion and sought centralised procurement through Coal India.

India stepped up pressure on utilities to increase imports to blend with local coal in recent days, warning of cuts to the supply of domestically mined coal if power plants did not build up coal inventories through imports.  

But the power ministry on Saturday asked states to suspend tenders that are “under process”.

“The tenders under process by state generators and IPPs for importing coal for blending may be kept in abeyance to await the price discovery by Coal India through G2G route, so as to procure coal at least possible rates,” the ministry said.

Coal inventories at power plants have declined by about 13% since April to the lowest pre-summer levels in years.