Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, India, Unione Europea

Tata – ThyssenKrupp. Più che accordo è il salvataggio dal fallimento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Ciminiere Tedesche

Reuters aveva dato l’annuncio con gli usuali toni melensi e dolciastri dei giornali liberal. Pareva che a fare l’affare sarebbe stata la Tata, che sarebbe stata nobilitata dal marchio tedesco.

Sarebbe sembrato un matrimonio di amore.

«Germany’s Thyssenkrupp and India’s Tata Steel agreed on Wednesday to merge their European steel operations, creating the continent’s No.2 steelmaker with revenues of 15 billion euros ($18 bln).»


«We see opportunities to increase or to at least keep the volumes we have today, because there’s a huge market for high quality steel»


Ma la realtà dei fatti è ben differente. Opposta. Ci sta raccontando un sacco di frottole. E poi se le devono anche rimangiare.

«The deal, which is preliminary, will help the companies address overcapacity in Europe’s steel market, which faces cheap imports, subdued construction demand and inefficient legacy plants. The merger will also result in up to 4,000 job cuts, or about 8 percent of the joint workforce»


«“We want to avoid our steel team restructuring itself to death,” Thyssenkrupp CEO Heinrich Hiesinger told reporters »


«“No one is able to solve the structural issues in Europe alone. We all suffer from overcapacity and that means that everyone is making the same restructuring efforts,” Hiesinger told broadcaster n-tv »


«Setting up plants in Brazil and Alabama in 2005 created €12 billion ($14.3 billion) in losses, while cheap steel imports from China sent the company reeling »


«Brought in to save the German steel maker from bankruptcy, CEO Heinrich Hiesinger agreed a deal with Indian rival Tata Steel that will break up an icon of German industry»

* * * * * * * * *

«Brought in to save the German steel maker from bankruptcy»

La realtà è ben differente da quanto riportato da Reuters.

Handelsblatt, il giornale della confindustria tedesca, almeno parla chiaro: pane al pane e vino al vino.

«Brought in to save the German steel maker from bankruptcy»

La ThyssenKrupp stava semplicemente per fallire, e fallire per bancarotta.

L’icona della produzione tedesca stava per disintegrarsi nella polvere e, quel che peggio per i politici, a pochi giorni dalle elezioni.

Finisce così il sogno tedesco della ThyssenKrupp, “a maker of steel, elevators and submarines”.


E siamo solo al dodicesimo anno dell’era Merkel, che si prolungherà per altri quattro anni: il tempo di dover vendere le fedi di nozze ed anche le dentiere.

Con la ThyssenKrup la Tata rileva anche tutto il comparto militare.

In futuro i tedeschi si difenderanno con gli archi e le frecce: frecce dalla punta di pietra, non certo di acciaio.

Handelsblatt. 2017-09-21. A European Giant Emerges From the Wreckage

Brought in to save the German steel maker from bankruptcy, CEO Heinrich Hiesinger agreed a deal with Indian rival Tata Steel that will break up an icon of German industry.


A grand plan to break into the US steel market brought ThyssenKrupp, a maker of steel, elevators and submarines, to the brink of bankruptcy in 2010. Setting up plants in Brazil and Alabama in 2005 created €12 billion ($14.3 billion) in losses, while cheap steel imports from China sent the company reeling.

An experienced Siemens manager, Heinrich Hiesinger was brought in to revive ThyssenKrupp, an icon of German industry, which had produced gun and mortar shells during the Franco-Prussian War of 1871 and specialized in smooth running railroad car wheels without welds. ThyssenKrupp’s three-circles logo is an homage to the train wheels, which helped turn the Essen-based company into an industrial giant in the 19th Century.

With those glory days in mind, Mr. Hiesinger started as CEO in January 2011. He knew his job would be tough because German labor laws give special rights to steel workers, making it complicated to take quick action.  It took him three years to divest the company’s Alabama operations and in February he agreed to sell the Brazilian plant, which was originally seen as a supplier to US customers.

The 57-year old engineer, son of a farmer, announced another ground-breaking deal on Wednesday. After almost two years of negotiations with Tata Steel, a UK subsidiary of the giant Indian conglomerate, Mr. Hiesinger signed a memorandum of understanding to merge ThyssenKrupp’s remaining steel production operations with those of Tata, creating the second largest steel company in Europe after ArcelorMittal.

Reuters. 2017-09-21. Thyssenkrupp, Tata Steel agree to forge Europe’s No. 2 steelmaker

ESSEN, Germany/MUMBAI (Reuters) – Germany’s Thyssenkrupp (TKAG.DE) and India’s Tata Steel (TISC.NS) agreed on Wednesday to merge their European steel operations, creating the continent’s No.2 steelmaker with revenues of 15 billion euros ($18 bln).

The deal, which is preliminary, will help the companies address overcapacity in Europe’s steel market, which faces cheap imports, subdued construction demand and inefficient legacy plants. The merger will also result in up to 4,000 job cuts, or about 8 percent of the joint workforce.

The transaction will not involve any cash, Tata Steel said, adding both groups would contribute debt and liabilities to achieve an equal shareholding and remain long-term investors.

“We want to avoid our steel team restructuring itself to death,” Thyssenkrupp CEO Heinrich Hiesinger told reporters.

“No one is able to solve the structural issues in Europe alone. We all suffer from overcapacity and that means that everyone is making the same restructuring efforts,” Hiesinger told broadcaster n-tv.

European steel prices ST-MBEUDNHRC-MB are about 35 percent below their pre-financial crisis peak.

Wednesday’s long-awaited memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the two steelmakers outlines annual synergies of 400 million-600 million euros, though one top 25 investor in Thyssenkrupp expected synergies to be higher.

“The two companies are being very conservative in their estimates,” the investor said.

The new joint venture, Thyssenkrupp Tata Steel, will be based in Amsterdam, with core profits estimated at 1.5 billion euros in the first year.

“Excellent news,” tweeted Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte.

It will be Europe’s biggest steelmaker after ArcelorMittal (MT.AS), with combined production capacity of 27 million tonnes, giving it 25 percent market share in Europe, versus ArcelorMittal’s 38 percent share.

Tata Steel Europe had been a strain on its parent for a decade, burning through approximately $1 billion of cash a year.

The Indian parent will transfer 2.5 billion euros of debt to the new company and is counting on dividend income from the joint venture to help service its remaining debt, Koushik Chatterjee, a group executive director, told Reuters.

That will free up cashflow to allow Tata Steel to focus on meeting growing demand in India, where Chairman N. Chandrasekaran said it will aim to double its manufacturing capacity in five years through plant expansions and acquisitions.

Thyssenkrupp shares closed up 2.4 percent at 25.86 euros, having earlier hit a high of 26.58 euros, bolstered by hopes the joint venture will also ease the burden on its balance sheet, which will be freed of 4 billion euros in mostly pension liabilities.

“We believe Thyssenkrupp’s medium-term goal is to completely spin-out steel ops, leaving Thyssenkrupp as a near pure-play capital goods business, and today’s proposed merger structure is attractively ”IPO-able“, in our view,” Jefferies analyst Seth Rosenfeld said in a note, reiterating his “buy” rating.


Thyssenkrupp, whose operations span car parts, elevators, construction steel and submarines, is minority-owned by activist shareholder Cevian and has faced calls to split off other parts of the business, most notably its elevator unit.

Cevian declined to comment on the merger, but a source familiar with the matter said it was broadly supportive of Hiesinger’s plan, though it will come down to the nitty gritty of the agreement whether they support it in the end.

Shares in Tata Steel closed up 1.7 percent at 687.65 rupees, having earlier hit a high of 691.80 rupees.

The company reached a landmark deal last month allowing it to set up a new pension scheme, which will reduce its 15 billion pounds ($20 billion) in British pension liabilities, long seen as the main hurdle in merger talks that lasted more than a year and a half.

Thyssenkrupp will not be liable for any future funding demands of a new pension scheme sponsored by Tata Steel UK, its chief financial officer said.

The British government and unions said they welcomed the merger so long as commitments made by Tata Steel UK to safeguard jobs and extend blast furnace operations at Britain’s largest steelworks in Port Talbot, Wales, were maintained.

Roy Rickhuss, chair of the steel coordinating committee representing UK unions Unite, GMB and Community, said the unions recognized the industrial logic of the deal, but would still press Tata to confirm it will invest in the Port Talbot steelworks, a vital regional employer.

Earlier this year, Tata made commitments to safeguard jobs and investments in Port Talbot for five years, in return for the unions agreeing to close their final salary pension scheme to future accrual.

Stephen Kinnock, member of parliament for Aberavon, Wales, said he would press Tata to stand by these commitments.

Hans Fischer, Tata Europe’s CEO, said the company was not planning to cut capacity, but to instead focus on higher value products, though he declined to give guarantees about jobs or production at Port Talbot post the five year deal.

Thyssenkrupp in its statement flagged potential additional synergy savings beyond 2020 from upstream steel capacity adjustments and Jefferies Rosenfeld said he believes these “are most likely at Port Talbot”.

“We see opportunities to increase or to at least keep the volumes we have today, because there’s a huge market for high quality steel,” said Fischer.

The MoU will be followed by negotiations about the details of the merger as well as due diligence before a contract can be signed at the beginning of 2018, Thyssenkrupp said.

Negotiations with German unions, who have campaigned against the plans and only this week signaled a willingness to consider them, are expected to be tough and tied to far-reaching job and plant guarantees.

The deal will require approval of Thyssenkrupp’s supervisory board, Tata Steel’s board of directors and European regulators.

Pubblicato in: India, Senza categoria

India. Ong, matrimoni e Corti di Giustizia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Women whispering

In piazza c’erano ottantasette donne.

Un po’ poche per una nazione di 1,335 milioni di abitanti.

L’Occidente rende conto di poco meno di un sesto della popolazione mondiale e del 29% del sistema economico mondiale, se misurato nei termini del pil ppa.

La componente liberal rende conto di una quota ancora consistente, ma in declino, come dimostrano i risultati delle elezioni presidenziali e politiche americane.

Tuttavia questa componente urla a gran voce e pretenderebbe anche di essere ritenuta essere la “voce” dell’Occidente: cosa che non è.

Un caso da manuale è il suo atteggiamento nei confronti dell’India.

Ripassiamoci la situazione.

* * * * * * *

Why isn’t marital rape punishable under the Indian Penal Code?

«Social changes are slow to occur and especially slow in large countries like India. Until the 1970s, systems across the world – even in the developed world – had permitted Marital rape and criminalized homosexuality to various levels. Since then activists have fought on those fronts and have achieved great progress.

India is a couple of decades behind the curve as the discussions on those topics have not permeated the society beyond just a thin layer at the top. Discussions on a variety of other social topics – ranging from dowry to widow burning to untouchability – was a priority for our reformers for the most part.

Since the discussions have not happened and social understanding not yet developed, even the courts have been pretty slow to ensure progress. Indian Supreme Court’s decision to uphold the 150 year old sodomy/unnatural sex laws is just an example of how much behind such discussions are. The judges were unable to contemplate LGBT due to their unfamiliarity. Same happens in case of marital rape.

In summary, many of these laws got into the books world over at a time when women were not considered equal subjects. In the past couple of decades, west has moved away from many such laws. In India, the variety of existing social problems didn’t let the society focus on such changes enable all these changes in our law books. However, I believe it is just a matter of time as activists prepare the population to understand the issue. Awareness spread precedes legal victories.»


By not seeing marital rape as a crime, Supreme Court is doing a disservice to Indian women

«The systematic pushback against women’s rights and liberties in India is going great guns. After the tepid attempt by the Supreme Court to dilute the impact of the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act, 2005 and Section 498A, by ordering the constitution of “family welfare committees” to look into cases before charges can be pressed, we now have the infuriating and grossly anti-women observation by the apex court that “marital rape cannot be considered as a criminal act”.

The Supreme Court was really the last straw of hope for reforms in outdated approach towards marital rape after Parliament had hung up its boots, saying the country isn’t ready to accept marital rape as a crime. The Union minister of women and child development, Maneka Gandhi, made an infamous volte-face on the issue when she said last year that marital rape “cannot be applied in the Indian context”, because of factors including “level of education and illiteracy, poverty, social customs and religious beliefs”.

Marriage over marital rape

This, despite the 2015 hoopla around the WCD ministry trying in to bring in “comprehensive” legislation to criminalise marital rape, and bring the law at par with a number of European and Western democracies, where women enjoy equal rights within marriage.

For example, marital rape is a crime in the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Belgium, Argentina, Bhutan, Brazil, Canada, France, Hungary and several other countries. The list of countries where marital rape isn’t a crime is hardly enviable, including Egypt, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, etc.

Needless to point out that most thriving and healthy democracies have penalised marital rape, and only authoritarian or theocratic states still retain the right of the husband to have forced sex on the wife. That India is part of the latter club is a terrible shame.

However, Maneka Gandhi’s U-turn proved that her ministry had capitulated to the larger misogynist trend in the BJP-RSS government. Now, the Supreme Court’s observation drives a nail through the coffin of demanding that marital rape be criminalised.

The two-judge bench of Justices MB Lokur and Deepak Gupta has said: “Parliament has extensively debated the issue of marital rape and considered that it was not an offence of rape. Therefore, it cannot be considered as a criminal offence.”

Raping minor/wives isn’t rape

The apex court was responding to a petition by the NGO Independent Thought, drafted by lawyers including the noted Supreme Court advocate Gopal Subramaniam, who was a co-panellist on the Justice Verma Committee report that firmed up the anti-rape legislation in the wake of the December 16, 2012 gangrape and murder of Jyoti Singh in Delhi.

The petition wanted the court to intervene and read down Section 375 (2) of the Indian Penal Code, which is the clause in the rape law that makes the exception for a man to have sex with a girl aged 15-17 if she’s married to him. “Without any remuneration, we have submitted the report to the government and that too without any extension.

It was an exhaustive work,” Subramaniam said. Basically, Section 375 (2) of the IPC allows men to rape their minor wives, and because marital rape isn’t yet a crime in India, but raping a minor is a statutory offence, the institution of marriage gets precedence over the health and well being of a girl child, just because she has been married off well before the legal age of marriage and consent, 18.

The Centre vehemently defended Section 375 (2) of the IPC, and like the debates in Parliament earlier, it fell back on tradition. MoS Home, Haribhai Parthibhai Chaudhary, a BJP MP from Gujarat and the minister of state, home affairs, is on record saying:

“It is considered that the concept of marital rape, as understood internationally, cannot be suitably applied in the Indian context due to various factors, including level of education, illiteracy, poverty, myriad social customs and values, religious beliefs, mindset of the society to treat the marriage as a sacrament.”

However, Section 375 (2) of IPC is against the provision of anti-rape and anti-sex trafficking legislations, such as Immoral Trafficking (Prevention) Act, the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012, because neither of the latter two legislations makes the distinction between married and unmarried minor girl children.

This is exactly the point that was highlighted by the petitioners, but it seems both the Centre and the Supreme Court, weren’t ready to pave the way for a paradigm shift in the understanding of marriage as an institution and in ensuring the rights of women as citizens, and not as biological determinants.»

* * * * * * *

Tratto caratteristico dei liberal democratici americani è l’ossessione per le perversioni sessuali, che patrocinano sia in sede legislativa sia soprattutto attraverso le ogn (ngo) appositamente istituite, che poi si arrogano la facoltà di parlare a nome della nazione intera.

Non a caso Cina, India e Russia hanno adottato leggi che regolano il rilascio dei permessi ad agire sui loro rispettivi territori. Con i paesi africani, ammontano a sei settimi della popolazione mondiale.

«The Russian president has signed into law a bill defining the term political activity of non-governmental organizations and allowing charity groups receiving funding from abroad not to register as foreign agents.

The new law lists political activity as participation in street rallies and marches and any activity aimed at influencing the result of an election or a referendum. The list also includes elections monitoring, participation in the work of political parties, public appeals to state agencies seeking changes in laws, circulating appraisals of existing laws or state policies and attempts to influence views on political issues through opinion polls.

The act also names the spheres where no activity can be recognized as political. These are culture, science, sport, fine arts, healthcare, environmental protection, volunteering and charity. “The definition of political activity must not be vague, it must not be expandable, and there must be only one way to understand it.» [Fonte]

Le ong in Occidente usualmente agiscono attraverso due consolidate vie:

– si fanno riconoscere dall’autorità civile, se amica, quindi si fanno finanziare con denaro pubblico, ed infine si fanno nominare come consulenti della amministrazione. Di lì possono svolgere il ruolo politico per il quale i loro finanziatori le hanno istituite.

– una volta legalmente riconosciute, le ong possono costituirsi in giudizio. Questa è la loro arma più efficiente, perché nessun giudice liberal rigetterebbe mai un loro ricorso.

Seguendo queste elementari direttive, le ong hanno governato per decenni l’Occidente ed hanno cercato, fortunatamente senza successo, di conquistare il mondo.


Il codice penale indiano è inequivocabilmente chiaro, ed il giudizio della Corte è stato sequenziale.

Secondo il diritto e la giurisprudenza indiana il rapporto matrimoniale è finalizzato alla procreazione ed al reciproco aiuto. Nel caso di impossibilità oggettiva al mantenimento dello stato matrimoniale, esiste un’apposita legislazione sul divorzio, ma fino a tanto che sussiste la convivenza, questa deve svolgersi in accordo alle regole matrimoniali.

Se l’Occidente volesse essere rispettato, dovrebbe iniziare a rispettare leggi e tradizioni degli altri popoli.



«Several women’s charities are contesting this and have launched a petition that is being heard at the Delhi High Court.

Campaigners have requested that marital rape is made illegal on the grounds that sexual violence violates human rights.

They argued that, in other countries, married women are still entitled to the full range of civil liberties and human rights and are not required to have sex at the will of their husband»

Alcune considerazioni brevissime, ma non per questo irrilevanti.

– Lo stato coniugale si fonda su di una libera rinuncia ad una parte della propria libertà per il bene comune della famiglia. Per esempio, il coniuge ritiene una sua libertà di agire economico, ma solo nei limiti nei quali soddisfa le necessità familiari. Lo stesso concetto vale per la disponibilità del proprio corpo.

– Il fatto che in alcuni paesi esteri all’India il principio su esposto non sia al momento più in vigore non implica automaticamente che esso debba essere abolito anche in India. Con lo stesso metro, gli Stati Uniti dovrebbero allora proibire le ong sul loro territorio.

– Infine una considerazione giuridica. Se tutti i codici e le giurisprudenze mondiali sono concordi nel ritenere la violenza sessuale un reato, tutti altrettanto concordi esigono che debbano esistere serie ed inequivocabili prove a supporto della denuncia per arrivare a condanna. Solo in taluni stati degli Stati Uniti delle Corti di Giustizia con giudici liberal sono arrivati a condanna assumendo fosse vera la denuncia sporta dalla femmina, ancorché non dimostrata: ma tale prassi giudiziaria è da condannarsi. Gli Indiani sono troppo civili per condannare qualcuno senza prove.

Evening Standard. 2017-09-02. Indian government attempts to block plea to criminalise marital rape because it ‘puts husbands at risk of harassment’

The Indian Government has tried to block a petition in High Court to criminalise marital rape because it says it could put husbands at risk of “harassment”.


Indian penal law currently stipulates that sexual intercourse with a wife over the age of 15 cannot be classed as rape.

Several women’s charities are contesting this and have launched a petition that is being heard at the Delhi High Court.

Campaigners have requested that marital rape is made illegal on the grounds that sexual violence violates human rights.

They argued that, in other countries, married women are still entitled to the full range of civil liberties and human rights and are not required to have sex at the will of their husband.

According to the Times of India, Section 375 of the Indian Penal Code has the exception clause sexual intercourse or sexual acts by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under fifteen years of age, is not rape”. 

Judges hearing the case asked the Government to detail its stance on the issue.

In their submission, the Government lawyers said: “What may appear to be marital rape to an individual wife, it may not appear so to others. 

“As to what constitutes marital rape and what would constitute marital non-rape needs to be defined precisely before a view on its criminalisation is taken.”

The submission goes on to say that, by criminalising marital rape, it could encourage it to “become a phenomenon which may destabilize the institution of marriage” and be “an easy tool for harassing the husbands”. 

They added: “That the fact that other countries, mostly western, have criminalised marital rape does not necessarily mean India should also follow them blindly.”

The petition has also been opposed by several men’s welfare charities who said it could lead to husbands being victimised.

Pubblicato in: Cina, India, Russia

‘Time for BRICS to assume a leadership role’

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.



Il miglior commento al Summit di Xiamen sembrerebbe essere quello fatto dal Governo della China:

Time for BRICS to assume a leadership role

«For decades, resources have been monopolized by developed nations, leaving developing nations lacking infrastructure and social development.

Contributing more than half of global growth over the past ten years, the BRICS nations are finding their own solutions to address the governance disparity.

The bloc’s New Development Bank (NDB), which was launched in 2014 with a focus on infrastructure and sustainable development projects, stands as a good example of what a new kind of world governance would look like.

In contrast to the quota system of other international financial institutions based on the role of a certain member, members of the NDB have equal voting power, a distinctive feature of the bank.

China has put forward the “BRICS Plus” proposal this year by inviting the leaders of Egypt, Guinea, Mexico, Tajikistan and Thailand to attend the Dialogue of Emerging Markets and Developing Countries during the summit and engage in dialogue with the BRICS members.

This will allow the BRICS summit to be an effective platform for voicing the needs, demands and aspirations of both the developing and underdeveloped nations in the world, and enable the organization to play a more decisive role in global governance.»


«Xi will chair the Dialogue of Emerging Markets and Developing Countries on Sept. 5, which will be attended by the leaders from the five BRICS countries, as well as the leaders of Egypt, Mexico, Tajikistan, Guinea and Thailand.»

* * * * * * *

«Time for BRICS to assume a leadership role»


Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.


Fatevi adesso un piccolo conto: quando valgono i Brics Plus?

China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi shares vision on BRICS new ‘golden decade’

Chinese President Xi Jinping has shared his vision for the BRICS cooperation which he believes will enter a second “golden decade” if the emerging-market countries work together to overcome the challenges of weak growth and threats to world peace.

Addressing the BRICS Business Forum in Xiamen on Sunday, with Brazilian President Michel Temer and South African President Jacob Zuma in audience, Xi said after ten years a fully-fledged BRICS cooperation framework is taking shape.

With Russia’s Vladimir Putin and India’s Narendra Modi joining in, the leaders of the world’s five major developing countries will chart way forward for the bloc at the ninth BRICS summit scheduled for Sept. 3-5.

Xi on Sunday refuted the assertion that BRICS is losing luster.

He said despite headwinds causing growth setbacks, the BRICS countries are “fully confident” about their growth potential and the future outlook.

Tangible Benefits

BRIC was first coined in 2001 to describe four emerging economies with fast growth and great potential. The concept turned into a formal cooperation framework in 2006. Four years later, South Africa joined. BRIC became BRICS.

Xi said the past decade has seen the BRICS countries making headway in pursuing common development. Their combined GDP grew 179 percent, trade increased 94 percent and urban population expanded 28 percent during the period.

The development of the BRICS countries over the past decade has delivered tangible benefits to more than 3 billion people.

Xi said three important practices of the shared value should be carried forward — treating each other as equals, seeking results-oriented cooperation, and bearing in mind the well-being of the world.

“Dialogue without confrontation, partnership without alliance,” Xi summed up the cooperation principle in a simple phrase.

He said the principle has gained growing endorsement and has become a positive energy in the international community.

Rising Up To Challenges

The Chinese president said the global economy remains in a period of adjustment featuring weak growth and no apparent new drivers. Due to sluggish growth, protectionism and inward-looking mentality are on the rise. Uneven development and a deficit of fairness have become more acute.

He challenged BRICS countries to create new impetus for growth and continue to improve global economic governance.

“We should not ignore problems arising from economic globalization or just complain about them. Rather, we should make joint efforts to find solutions,” Xi said.

He said the BRICS countries should promote the building of an open global economy, advance trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, build new global value chains, and rebalance economic globalization.

“Only openness delivers progress, and only inclusiveness sustains such progress,” Xi said.

The long road to peace is not smooth, Xi said, calling on the BRICS countries to play a constructive part in the process of resolving geopolitical hotspot issues and make due contributions.

He envisioned flames of war dying and displaced refugees returning home as dialogue and consultation settle issues in Syria, Libya and the Palestine-Israel conflict.

Making Bigger Pie

The Chinese president said the development of emerging market and developing countries is not intended to “move the cheese of anyone” but to “make the pie of the global economy bigger.”

Over the past ten years, the share of the five BRICS countries in the global economy has more than doubled. They have contributed to more than half of global growth.

Xi said more emerging market and developing countries should be involved because BRICS, as a platform with global influence, concerns more than five countries.

During the Xiamen summit, China will hold the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries, where the leaders of Egypt, Guinea, Mexico, Tajikistan and Thailand will join the BRICS leaders in discussing global development cooperation and South-South cooperation.

While outreach programs have existed in past BRICS summits since 2013, it is the first time participating leaders have come from around the world, but not just neighbors of the host country.

Xi said this “BRICS Plus” approach should be promoted to build an open and diversified network of development partners for the bloc.

Marching On With Reform

Turning to China, Xi said the country had made the “right choice” on deepening reform and will march on in strides.

“The past decade has not only seen solid progress in the BRICS cooperation; it has also witnessed the unfolding of all-round reform and opening up in China and its rapid economic and social development,” Xi told the forum.

He said China’s economic aggregate grew by 239 percent over the past ten years and the lives of its 1.3 billion-plus people have been significantly improved.

In the first half of 2017, the Chinese economy expanded by 6.9 percent and added 7.35 million new urban jobs.

Xi said China has been making increasingly more contribution to regional and global economy.

He said the Belt and Road Initiative, for example, is not a tool to advance any geopolitical agenda, but a platform for practical cooperation.

The initiative is not a foreign aid scheme, but one that advocates interconnected development with extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits.

“Going forward, China will continue to put into practice the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and inclusive development,” he said.

“We will adapt to and steer the new normal of economic development, push forward supply-side structural reform, accelerate the building of a new system for an open economy, drive economic development with innovation, and achieve sustainable development,” Xi said.

China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi, Putin meet on bilateral ties, DPRK nuclear test

Chinese President Xi Jinping met with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on Sunday, calling for enhancing mutual support and strategic coordination.

The two leaders also agreed to appropriately deal with the latest nuclear test conducted by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

Putin is in the southeastern Chinese coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, to attend the ninth BRICS summit and the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries scheduled for Sept. 3-5.

The two sides should consolidate the high-level mutual political trust, firmly strengthen mutual support and enhance strategic coordination, Xi said.

The role of bilateral cooperation mechanisms should be well played to advance projects in key areas including energy, aerospace and aviation, as well as nuclear power.

He urged advancing the integration of the Belt and Road Initiative with the Eurasian Economic Union.

Mutual understanding and friendship between the two peoples should be promoted through closer people-to-people and cultural exchanges and those at local levels, he said.

Xi also called on enhancing military cooperation as well as coordination on multilateral arenas.

China is willing to join hands with Russia to raise the bilateral relations to a higher level, promoting respective development and jointly safeguarding regional and world peace and stability, he said.

On BRICS cooperation, Xi said it is in line with the interests of the BRICS countries and the expectation of international community, especially the emerging market and developing countries, to enhance the group’s cooperation and enable the BRICS countries to play a more important role in international affairs.

The BRICS countries should consolidate solidarity and cooperation to send out positive signals to the world, chart the course and define the priorities for cooperation based on the overall situation, strengthen coordination to enhance international influence, and improve mechanisms of BRICS cooperation, said Xi.

China is willing to work with Russia and other BRICS countries to achieve fruitful results at the Xiamen summit and implement the outcomes effectively so that the BRICS can usher in a second “golden decade” of cooperation.

For his part, Putin said it is significant for China and Russia to strengthen comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination and boost communication and coordination on major international and regional issues.

He said Russia stands ready for closer cooperation with China in such areas as investment, energy, agriculture, infrastructure, and aerospace and aviation.

The two countries should also increase exchanges in culture, education, sports, media and tourism as well as those at local levels. Military exchanges should be closer, he said.

While discussing international and regional issues, the two leaders agreed to appropriately deal with the DPRK’s latest nuclear test.

The DPRK on Sunday successfully detonated a hydrogen bomb that can be carried by an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), DPRK’s Central Television announced. This was the sixth nuclear test the DPRK has undertaken.

China’s Foreign Ministry issued a statement, expressing firm opposition to and strong condemnation of the nuclear test.

Xi and Putin agreed to stick to the goal of denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula and keep close communication and coordination to deal with the new situation.

After the meeting, the two leaders visited an exhibition on intangible cultural heritage originated from southern Fujian Province.

China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi calls for synergizing development strategies among BRICS countries.

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday called on BRICS countries to synergize their development strategies to stimulate growth potential.

Xi made the remarks while addressing the ninth BRICS summit in the southeastern Chinese city of Xiamen, which was also attended by leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa.

The five countries should find areas where their respective development policies and priorities converge, and work to build a big market for trade and investment, achieve smooth flow of currency and finance, and realize infrastructure connectivity, Xi said.

“Despite our differences in national conditions, our five countries are in a similar stage of development and share the same development goals. We all face an arduous task in growing the economy,” Xi noted.

He said strengthening the complementarity of their development strategies will bring out their comparative strengths in resources, market and labor force, release the growth potential of the five countries and the creativity of their 3 billion people, and open up huge space for development. P Xi said the five countries need to plan well at the macro level and take concrete actions in key areas.

“With a focus on structural reform and sustainable development, we need to expand our converging interests and share experience on innovation, entrepreneurship, industrial development and production capacity to boost our economic development,” said Xi.

He said it is important to strike a balance between the speed of growth and the quality and efficiency of growth. By implementing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, BRICS countries have the opportunity to achieve balanced economic, social and environmental progress, and bring about interconnected and inclusive development, said Xi.

China Org. 2017-09-04. China to enhance cooperation with Thailand: Xi

Chinese President Xi Jinping met with Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on Monday, calling for enhanced bilateral cooperation in various fields.

Prayut is in the southeastern Chinese coastal city of Xiamen to attend the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries scheduled for Sept. 5.

China appreciates Thailand’s active participation in the Belt and Road Initiative, and is willing to strengthen cooperation with Thailand in areas of investment, railway, Internet finance, digital economy and e-commerce, Xi said.

China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi stresses China-Mexico strategic synergy

Chinese President Xi Jinping said Monday China and Mexico should synergize development strategies on the basis of their cooperative achievements since the two sides forged diplomatic ties 45 years ago.

Xi made the remarks when meeting with Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto, who came to the southeastern Chinese coastal city of Xiamen to attend the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries scheduled for Sept. 5.

China Org. 2017-09-04. China expects stronger partnership for upcoming BRICS summit

China wants to build stronger partnerships within and beyond the five BRICS countries during the upcoming BRICS Xiamen Summit, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said in Beijing Wednesday.

Speaking at a press briefing on the summit, Wang said that China expects outcomes in several areas, including strengthening economic and security cooperation, increasing cultural and people-to-people exchanges, enhancing institutional building, as well as promoting stronger partnerships with other emerging market countries and developing countries.

China will hold the BRICS Business Forum from Sept. 3 to 4, which will be the largest so far, Wang said.

Chinese President Xi Jinping will attend the opening ceremony of the forum and deliver a keynote speech, reviewing the progress that BRICS countries have made in the past ten years and looking to the future. Leaders of some other countries will also address the forum.

The BRICS Xiamen Summit opens on Sept. 4.

Xi will chair a small meeting of BRICS leaders, discussing world economy, global governance, international and regional hotspot issues, and national security and development. A larger meeting will focus on deepening cooperation, promoting cultural and people-to-people exchanges, as well as enhancing institutional building.

The BRICS leaders will also attend the opening ceremony of the BRICS Cultural Festival and Photo Exhibition, a meeting of the BRICS Business Council and a signing ceremony, which will be followed by a welcome banquet hosted by Xi and his wife, Peng Liyuan.

Three pillars

The BRICS mechanism has entered a new stage featuring the three pillars of economic cooperation, political and security cooperation, and people-to-people exchanges, Wang said. He added that there will be an increase in cultural activities involving BRICS countries this year as China holds the BRICS chairmanship.

China held the 2017 BRICS Games in its southern city of Guangzhou in June, marking the first comprehensive multilateral sports and cultural exchanges under the framework of BRICS cooperation.

China has also held a media forum, film festival, traditional medicine meeting and young diplomats forum, to promote friendship and understanding between the peoples of BRICS countries.

“The leaders of the BRICS countries will continue to accumulate consensus on strengthening people-to-people exchanges during the upcoming BRICS Xiamen Summit,” Wang said.

Beyond BRICS

Xi will chair the Dialogue of Emerging Markets and Developing Countries on Sept. 5, which will be attended by the leaders from the five BRICS countries, as well as the leaders of Egypt, Mexico, Tajikistan, Guinea and Thailand.

“It is in the interests of all sides to strengthen cooperation among emerging markets and developing countries through the BRICS platform, therefore China has proposed the ‘BRICS plus’ concept based on past experiences,” Wang said.

The dialogue will focus on deepening cooperation and promoting common development, and a statement will be released on the outcomes achieved on implementing a sustainable development agenda, promoting South-South cooperation, building partnerships and improving global governance.

Xi will hold a press conference after the dialogue to summarize the outcomes of the BRICS Xiamen Summit.

“China stands ready to work with other BRICS countries to make BRICS cooperation bigger, stronger and more solid to benefit not only the five BRICS countries, but also the whole world,” Wang said.

China Org. 2017-09-04. Ambassadors on BRICS Plus

BRICS Plus, as a model of expansion, was proposed by China on the basis of successful practices in former BRICS Summits. It is sought to establish widespread partnerships between BRICS member countries and other developing countries through dialogues and cooperation, expand our circle of friends, and shape the BRICS mechanism into an influential cooperation platform for South-South cooperation, so as to better reflect the common ground and collective will of the developing countries.

Then how do other developing countries make of the proposal? What opportunities does the BRICS Plus promise to them? To get some insight about these, China Today interviewed ambassadors of Iran, Georgia, Nepal, and South Sudan to China as well as two diplomats from Argentina and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Iranian Ambassador to China Ali Asghar Khaji

“Since its founding, the BRICS cooperation mechanism has been representing a new cooperation concept, and played an important role in giving a voice in the international community on behalf of the developing world. The Iranian government showed its support to the BRICS Plus proposal when it was first put forward. As an important developing country in the region of North Africa and West Asia, Iran is poised to strengthen its cooperation with China under the framework of the Belt and Road and the BRICS Plus. In addition, we also hope China as a leading developing country, can play a bigger role in advancing cooperation among developing countries on such aspects as economy, security and social development.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, India, Ong - Ngo

Ong. Tempi durissimi. India avvia inchiesta sulla Bloomberg Philanthropies.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.


Breughel il Vecchio. 1562. La caduta degli angeli ribelli.

La società civile dell’India non ne può di più delle ong liberal democratiche occidentali.

Bloomberg Philanthropies.

«Mike Bloomberg began his career in 1966 at Salomon Brothers, after graduating from Harvard Business School and Johns Hopkins University. After being let go from the firm in 1981, he began Bloomberg L.P., an information technology start-up that is now a multi-billion dollar global data and media company that connects influential decision makers to a dynamic network of information, people, and ideas. Bloomberg L.P.’s great strength – quickly and accurately delivering data, news and analytics through innovative technology – is at the core of everything the company does. With more than 19,000 employees in nearly 200 offices, it delivers business and financial information, news and insight around the world.»


«The success of Bloomberg L.P. has provided Mike Bloomberg with the resources and experience to pursue philanthropy in a more meaningful way than he ever could have imagined when he wrote that first $5 check. Mike Bloomberg has often said: “The thing about great wealth is that you can’t take it with you.” That’s why he plans to give his away. He created Bloomberg Philanthropies to encompass all of his charitable giving activities, including his personal giving, corporate giving, and the Bloomberg Family Foundation. Bloomberg Philanthropies’ unique data-driven approach to global change grows out of his experience as an entrepreneur and a champion of innovation.

In addition to Bloomberg Philanthropies’ five areas of focus – public health, arts and culture, the environment, education and government innovation – Mike Bloomberg has continued to support projects of great importance to him, including his alma mater, Johns Hopkins University, where he served as the chairman of the board of trustees from 1996-2001. To date, he has contributed more than $1 billion to Johns Hopkins. The university’s School of Hygiene and Public Health – the largest public health facility in the U.S. – is now the Bloomberg School of Public Health in recognition of Mike Bloomberg’s commitment and support. Mike Bloomberg also leads a number of bi-partisan coalitions that are taking action on urgent national and international issues, and in 2014 was appointed to be the UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Cities and Climate Change.»

* * * * * * *

La legge indiana sulle ogn è molto chiara.

«Indian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) can be set up under various Indian laws. ….

Societies Registration Act, 1860 is a central act for registering not-for-profit organisations. Almost all the states in India have adopted (with modifications, if any) the central Act for creating state level authorities for registering various types of not-for-profit entities. According to the act any seven persons who subscribe to the Memorandum of Association (MOA) can register a society. The memorandum should include names of the society, its objectives, its names, addresses and occupations of the members subscribing to it as well as the first governing body to be constituted on registration.

Conferring of corporate personality to associations that promote cultural and charitable objectives, but exempting them from the operation of some cumbersome requirements (which are essentially for regulation of business bodies but are difficult for compliance by non-profit companies), are the noteworthy features that are provided under the companies act, 2013. ….

According to section 25(1) (Companies Act, 1956): “Where it is proved to the satisfaction. of the Central Government that an association is about to be formed as a limited company for promoting commerce, art, science, religion, charity or any other useful objectives, intends to apply its profits, if any, or other income in promoting its objectives, and to prohibit the payment of any dividend to its members, the Central Government may, by license, l direct that the association may be registered as a company with limited liability, without addition to its name of the word “Limited” or the words “Private Limited”.


Intelligence Bureau, in a report accused “foreign-funded” NGOs of “serving as tools for foreign policy interests of western governments” by sponsoring agitations against nuclear and coal-fired power plants and anti-GMO agitation across the country. The NGOs, are said to be working through a network of local organisations to negatively impact GDP growth by 2–3%. The report says,

A significant number of Indian NGOs funded by donors based in US, UK, Germany and Netherlands have been noticed to be using people-centric issues to create an environment, which lends itself to stalling development projects….

In April 2015, the Government of India shared a list of over 42,000 NGOs with Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) to check suspicious foreign funding amid the crackdown on some top international donors for flouting the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA), 2011. These 42,273 NGOs were put under watch after intelligence reports claimed that several charity organisations are diverting funds for purposes other than the permitted use of foreign contribution.

Following the enquiry, permits of about 8,875 NGOs have been revoked for a variety of reasons ranging from non-filing of returns or non-compliance with Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA).» [Fonte]

Riassumendo, l’India ha già revocato il permesso a 8,875 ong, in gran parte finanziate da Stati Uniti, Regno Unito ed Olanda. Agivano in contrasto alle direttive del governo.

Una menzione speciale la ong Greenpeace. Ecco la motivazione della proibizione ad agire sul suolo indiano.

«It alleged that Greenpeace was leading a “massive effort to take down India’s coal-fired power plant and coal mining activity” by using foreign funds to “create protest movements under ‘Coal Network’ umbrella at prominent coal block and coal-fired power plant locations in India”. The Intelligence Bureau said the foreign NGOs and their Indian arms were serving as tools to advance Western foreign policy interests. “Greenpeace aims to fundamentally change the dynamics of India’s energy mix by disrupting and weakening the relationship between key players,” the IB report said.» [Fonte]

* * * * * * *

«India has been investigating how Bloomberg Philanthropies, founded by billionaire Michael Bloomberg, funds local non-profit groups for anti-tobacco lobbying, government documents show, making it the latest foreign non-government organization to come under scrutiny»


«they were acting against India’s national interests»


Soros George. Uno stato negli stati. Ecco i suoi principali voivodati.

Cina. Una nuova legge sulle Ong (Ngo).

Orban contro Soros. Nuova legge sulle Ong.

Cina. Xiamen. Brics Plus alla conquista del mondo.


Tranne che nell’Occidente, in quello ancora liberal democratico, nel resto del mondo le ogn sono ritenute essere strumenti politici partigiani e faziosi, e son quindi trattate alla stregua di organizzazioni criminali, cosa che spesso corrisponde al vero, specie poi dal punto di vista fiscale

L’Occidente liberal e le sue ong sta avviandosi mestamente al tramonto così ben preconizzato da Spengler, mentre l’Oriente, i Brics Plus stanno crescendo ogni giorno che passa.

Ancora un po’ di tempo, ed anche l’Occidente dovrà adeguarsi ed adottare le leggi cinesi, indiane, per non dire quelle russe, sulle ong.

Reuters. 2017-08-29. Exclusive: Bloomberg charity scrutinized by India for anti-tobacco funding, lobbying – documents

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – India has been investigating how Bloomberg Philanthropies, founded by billionaire Michael Bloomberg, funds local non-profit groups for anti-tobacco lobbying, government documents show, making it the latest foreign non-government organization to come under scrutiny.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government has since 2014 tightened surveillance of non-profit groups, saying they were acting against India’s national interests. Thousands of foreign-funded charities’ licenses have been canceled for misreporting donations.

Critics, however, say the government has used the foreign funding law as a tool to silence non-profit groups which have raised concerns about the social costs of India’s rapid economic development.

The intelligence wing of India’s home ministry last year drafted a note on Bloomberg Philanthropies, raising concerns that the foundation was running a campaign to “target” Indian tobacco businesses and “aggressively” lobby against the sector.

Though the three-page note, reviewed by Reuters, said the Bloomberg initiative’s “claimed intention to free India of tobacco cannot be faulted” given the known risks from tobacco, it highlighted the sector’s importance, noting it brings in nearly $5 billion in annual revenue for governments, and provides a livelihood for millions of people.

“Foreign interests making foreign contributions … for purposes of lobbying against an established economic activity raises multiple concerns,” the note said, including, it said, an “adverse economic impact” on 35 million people.

The June 3, 2016 note, marked “SECRET” and circulated to top government officials, including in Modi’s office, has not previously been reported. The probe continued until at least April this year, another government document showed.

Rebecca Carriero, a spokeswoman for Michael Bloomberg and New York-based Bloomberg Philanthropies, declined to comment as they were unaware of any investigation.

A home ministry spokesman said “queries which relate to security agencies cannot be answered.” Modi’s office did not respond to an email seeking comment.

The ministry’s note was one of the factors behind the rejection of a foreign funding license renewal of at least one Bloomberg-funded India charity last October, said a senior government official aware of the investigation.

Michael Bloomberg, one of the world’s richest people and a former New York City Mayor, has committed nearly $1 billion to support global tobacco control efforts. One of his focus countries is India, where tobacco kills 900,000 people a year.

Other than funding Indian NGOs, Bloomberg’s charity has in the past worked on improving road safety and supported federal tobacco-control efforts. In 2015, Modi called Michael Bloomberg a “friend”, and the two agreed on working together on India’s ambitious plan to build so-called smart cities.


The home ministry note said the Bloomberg charity successfully lobbied for the introduction of bigger health warnings on cigarette packs, “contrary” to the recommendations of a parliamentary panel.

While the panel called for the size of warnings to be more than doubled to 50 percent of a pack’s surface area, the health ministry sought a higher figure of 85 percent. Despite protests from India’s $10 billion cigarette industry, the Supreme Court last year ordered manufacturers to follow the more stringent health ministry rules.

That, the note said, was the first of the three-phase Bloomberg campaign targeting India’s tobacco industry. It did not explain how exactly the Bloomberg charity lobbied.

While the note mirrored some of India’s tobacco lobby’s positions – such as how anti-smoking policies could adversely impact farmers – the government official said the investigation was not done at the behest of the industry.

“Anti-tobacco lobby wants to kill revenue generating activities,” the official said.

A health ministry official, however, said: “We don’t see tobacco as an economic activity.” He added that the health ministry was unaware of the home ministry’s note on Bloomberg Philanthropies.


India has stepped up scrutiny of NGOs registered under the Foreign Contribution Regulation Act (FCRA).

In 2015, the home ministry put the Ford Foundation on a watch list and suspended Greenpeace India’s FCRA license, drawing criticism from the United States.

Earlier this year, the government banned foreign funding for the Public Health Foundation of India, a group backed by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, saying it used foreign donations to “lobby” for tobacco-control policy issues, “which is prohibited under FCRA.”

In the Bloomberg case, the home ministry note included a chart showing how funds flowed from Bloomberg Philanthropies to its partner, the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, which was then funding five local FCRA-registered NGOs. These NGOs, the note said, were being used by the Bloomberg charity for “anti-tobacco lobbying activities.”

The FCRA license of at least one of them – the Institute of Public Health (IPH) Bengaluru – was not renewed in October, in part due to the home ministry’s note, the government official said.

The IPH said it was told by the home ministry that its license was not being renewed on the basis of a “field agency report”, but no details were given. It was unaware of the investigation on Bloomberg Philanthropies.

In April, the home ministry wrote to the federal health ministry, citing an “inquiry into foreign funding” for lobbying to change laws in India. The letter, seen by Reuters, mentioned the Bloomberg initiative and directed the health ministry to report on anti-tobacco lobbying by foreign donors in other countries where tobacco is widely used.

The health ministry has not yet sent that report, another government official said. The health ministry did not respond to questions.