Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Unione Europea. Il Green Deal passa attraverso i finanziamenti al gas.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-02-20.

EP-051364A_Tajani_Brexit

Lo European Greeen Deal è un piano faraonico che Frau von der Leyen ha paragonato al progetto di sbarco sulla luna: sarebbe dotato di oltre mille miliardi, ma al momento ce ne sono solo 7.5 versati. Gli altri sicuramente verranno: infatti il progetto dura fino al 2050. Ma intanto non ci sono.

Ovviamente, i liberal socialisti sono fermamente sicuri che nei prossimi trenta anni resteranno saldamente al potere e che il mondo non subirà variazioni contrarie al loro volere. Dovrebbero essere trenta anni di etica liberal ecologista.

E chi mai potrebbe mettere in dubbio una simile affermazione?

Ma per l’intanto i dettami dell’European Greeen Deal mica che debbano essere attuati: un buon liberal li ‘interpreta’.

* * * * * * *

«Members of the European Parliament rejected on 12 February calls to veto the fourth list on projects of common interest (PCI), on the grounds that it contains fossil fuel infrastructure»

«making Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050 requires moving towards cleaner energy infrastructure.»

«In the Green Deal Resolution adopted in January, Parliament stressed the importance of modern, clean, secure and smart new energy infrastructure for delivering the European Green Deal»

«We need electricity infrastructures and innovative technologies such as smart grids, offshore wind and hydrogen that works»

«However, the EU Energy Commissioner expressed her support for the 4th PCI list»

«An objection to the 4th PCI list would mean that the 3rd PCI list remains in force, a list with 40% more gas projects than the new list»

«As a consequence, key electricity interconnectors and energy transition projects such as the North Sea wind-power hub, new smart green projects and new CO2 network projects would not be eligible for funding under the Connecting Europe Facility»

«At the end of the debate, Simpson said the Commission is committed to make Europe the first carbon-neutral continent by 2050»

«Two years after the launch of the Green Deal, sustainability criteria will be thoroughly applied for any projects, including gas candidate projects»

«Asked by New Europe about calls to veto the 4th PCI list, on the grounds that it contains gas projects, EPP President Manfred Weber said this question is part of the Green Deal and defining the future sustainable sources of energy»

«gas is an important energy transition fuel.»

«there is the geopolitics and it has a lot to do with strategy you have for the region and also security frankly and European sustainability when it comes to energy efficiency»

«the projects would boost Europe’s energy security and help avoid another gas crisis similar to the Russia-Ukraine gas dispute that disrupted gas supplies to Europe»

* * * * * * * * *

Ricapitoliamo.

«the Commission is committed to make Europe the first carbon-neutral continent by 2050»

«sustainability criteria will be thoroughly applied for any projects, including gas candidate projects»

«a list with 40% more gas projects»

*

Quindi, se si vuole perseguire la purezza ecologica, di installino centrali a gas.

*


New Europe. EU lawmakers block Greens push to cancel gas projects funding

Members of the European Parliament rejected on 12 February calls to veto the fourth list on projects of common interest (PCI), on the grounds that it contains fossil fuel infrastructure.

Kadri Simson, who participated in her first plenary session as energy commissioner on 10 February, a late evening joint debate on the 4th PCI list and Trans-European Networks – Energy (TEN-E) revision, noted that making Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050 requires moving towards cleaner energy infrastructure.

She said she is fully committed to review the TEN-E regulation still this year and work closely with the European Parliament to make the investments fit for EU’s future.

Simpson said she shares the European Parliament’s vision of a modern, clean, secure and smart EU energy infrastructure. In the Green Deal Resolution adopted in January, Parliament stressed the importance of modern, clean, secure and smart new energy infrastructure for delivering the European Green Deal. Simson told MEPs turning this vision into reality requires making the TEN-E Regulation adopted in 2013 fit for Europe’s future energy system and fully aligned with the European Green Deal.

By 2050, the share of electricity in the total energy consumption is expected to be more than double. “We need electricity infrastructures and innovative technologies such as smart grids, offshore wind and hydrogen that works. Also carbon capture, storage and utilisation and energy storage,” Simpson said.

However, the EU Energy Commissioner expressed her support for the 4th PCI list. “The list includes key infrastructure projects that sustain the increasing share of renewables, address the remaining energy security challenges and underpin the modernisation of an integrated infrastructure,” she said. “Electricity projects make up three quarters of the 4th PCI list. An objection to the 4th PCI list would mean that the 3rd PCI list remains in force, a list with 40% more gas projects than the new list. As a consequence, key electricity interconnectors and energy transition projects such as the North Sea wind-power hub, new smart green projects and new CO2 network projects would not be eligible for funding under the Connecting Europe Facility,” she added.

At the end of the debate, Simpson said the Commission is committed to make Europe the first carbon-neutral continent by 2050. “And I’m glad that most of you expressed support for the Commission’s plan to revise the TEN-E Regulation by December 2020. Because a modern, secure and smart energy infrastructure will sustain this energy transition and help us roll out the large-scale deployment of energy from renewable sources,” she said.

She called the 4th PCI list a step forward towards a cleaner energy infrastructure system. “It supports key new electricity projects that help us step into more renewables and the digital potential of our grid. We will have, clearly, the European Green Deal in mind when addressing the funding of projects from this list and other self-regulation. This list is not a guarantee,” Simpson said. She added, however, that the 5th PCI list will be a very different list. “Two years after the launch of the Green Deal, sustainability criteria will be thoroughly applied for any projects, including gas candidate projects,” she said.

Asked by New Europe about calls to veto the 4th PCI list, on the grounds that it contains gas projects, EPP President Manfred Weber said this question is part of the Green Deal and defining the future sustainable sources of energy. “On one hand, we want to create an interconnected European energy market and that implies also to interconnect the gas infrastructures, which is today one of our energy sources. On the other hand, we all know on the long run, gas is also a source that produces CO2 emissions. That’s why to bring these two things together is a challenge,” Weber said.

Greek MEP Anna-Michelle Assimakopoulou, also from the EPP, told New Europe in an interview that gas is an important energy transition fuel. “And then there is the geopolitics and it has a lot to do with strategy you have for the region and also security frankly and European sustainability when it comes to energy efficiency. So, all of those are in the direction that should go forward,” she said, explaining her support for the 4th PCI list.

She reminded that the projects would boost Europe’s energy security and help avoid another gas crisis similar to the Russia-Ukraine gas dispute that disrupted gas supplies to Europe. “The idea is to have self-sufficiency and to have Europe being able to support itself when it comes to energy needs,” she said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Solare termodinamico. Anest chiude per fallimento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-02-08.

Brüghel il Vecchio. La parabola dei ciechi.

Se gli ecologisti piangono il nuovo fallimento del solare termodinamico, i Contribuenti piangono sulle centinaia di milioni pubblici bruciati sull’altare dei deliri di massa.

«L’associazione di categoria, Anest, si scioglie: 14 progetti avviati con 300 milioni di investimenti senza che nessuno di questi arrivasse in porto»

«L’Italia è il Paese che ospita 60 milioni di ecologisti che «dobbiamo usare l’energia del sole» ed è il Paese in cui finora sono stati spesi e dissipati nel nulla investimenti privati pari a 300 milioni di euro spesi per non costruire 14 grandi centrali solari termiche a concentrazione, quelli che nel resto del mondo producono elettricità concentrando con specchi l’energia del sole»

«L’associazione imprenditoriale di categoria, l’Anest, giorni fa si è riunita in assemblea e ha deliberato lo scioglimento»

«Il settore industriale del solare termodinamico in Italia è morto ancora in fasce, senza essere riuscito a costruire nemmeno una centrale, ucciso ancora bambino da politici assetati di consenso, da comitati nimby del no-a-tutto, da funzionari pubblici corrivi, da norme contraddittorie e tardive, da piani energetici, climatici e ambientali pieni di verbi coniugati nel modo condizionale del periodo ipotetico dell’irrealtà»

* * * * * * *

Che cosa mai vorreste che vi dicessi?

Sognare progetti irrealizzabili è un passo sicuro verso il fallimento.

Il grottesco che a lamentarsi di una burocrazia insormontabile siano proprio coloro che sostengono i partiti che la patrocinano.

*


Il solare termodinamico chiude. La guerra persa con burocrazia e comitati

Blocco totale. L’associazione di categoria, Anest, si scioglie: 14 progetti avviati con 300 milioni di investimenti senza che nessuno di questi arrivasse in porto.

Cronaca di una sconfitta. L’Italia è il Paese che ospita 60 milioni di ecologisti che «dobbiamo usare l’energia del sole» ed è il Paese in cui finora sono stati spesi e dissipati nel nulla investimenti privati pari a 300 milioni di euro spesi per non costruire 14 grandi centrali solari termiche a concentrazione, quelli che nel resto del mondo producono elettricità concentrando con specchi l’energia del sole. Un’invenzione italiana, una tecnologia italiana, ma impianti realizzati in Italia: zero.

L’associazione imprenditoriale di categoria, l’Anest, giorni fa si è riunita in assemblea e ha deliberato lo scioglimento.
Il settore industriale del solare termodinamico in Italia è morto ancora in fasce, senza essere riuscito a costruire nemmeno una centrale, ucciso ancora bambino da politici assetati di consenso, da comitati nimby del no-a-tutto, da funzionari pubblici corrivi, da norme contraddittorie e tardive, da piani energetici, climatici e ambientali pieni di verbi coniugati nel modo condizionale del periodo ipotetico dell’irrealtà.

All’estero — Usa, Spagna, Nordafrica, Cina, Golfo Persico — invece le centrali termiche a concentrazione piacciono e si costruiscono. Non a caso le poche aziende che non hanno ancora dichiarato la resa stanno pianificando l’emigrazione. Alcune sono state vendute. Altre si preparano a chiudere.

Le foto che seguono sono state scattate da me medesimo con il telefonino; mi scuso per la bassa qualità del fotografo e delle fotografie.

Concentrare i raggi del sole

Il solare termodinamico a concentrazione è diverso dai comuni pannelli fotovoltaici, nei quali il silicio viene battuto dal sole emette un flusso di corrente elettrica. Il solare a concentrazione si basa sugli specchi che riflettono e concentrano il calore del sole per far bollire l’acqua con il cui vapore far girare la turbina del generatore.

È un’invenzione antichissima nata in Italia nel 212 prima di Cristo quando la città siciliana di Siracusa era assediata dal console romano Marco Claudio Marcello; dalle mura di Ortigia lo scienziato Archimede (uno dei più grandi scienziati della storia) puntò specchi contro le unità del blocco navale, concentrandovi il sole e incendiandole. Si chiamarono specchi ustori.

Un primato italiano andato all’estero

Presa in mano dagli scienziati italiani in tempi più moderni, la tecnologia del solare a concentrazione è diventata un’esperienza di punta dell’Enea, tanto che il fisico Carlo Rubbia ne fece una bandiera dell’innovazione italiana.
Centri di ricerca si erano impegnati; aziende italiane avevano sviluppato le tecnologie per industrializzare specchi e tubi ricevitori.
Risultato? Rubbia ha sbattuto la porta indignato ed è andato a realizzare le centrali termodinamiche in Spagna.

La solita Cina che come al solito pensa in grande e intende aggiungere 5mila megawatt nei prossimi cinque anni. La Francia medita a impianti di taglia piccola. Vi lavorano il Marocco e il Sudafrica.

Ma anche l’Australia, il Messico, l’India, l’Egitto che ha annunciato 1,2 GWe, e la solita Spagna, che è già forte (hanno almeno 40 centrali da 50 MWe e le più forti società di ingegneria!), il Dubai, ma al solare termodinamico guarda anche l’Oman, per esempio con un progetto cui sta pensando l’italiana Salini Impregilo nella dissalazione con un impianto ibrido fotovoltaico e termodinamico. In Oman utilizzano già impianti solari termodinamici per produrre vapore usato per meglio estrarre petrolio.

La Sardegna del no

La stessa Italia dove gli specchi ustori furono inventati non vuole questa fonte di energia pulita perché gli specchi — asseriscono i comitati nimby — «devasteranno il nostro territorio» e perché «non è questo il modello di sviluppo che vogliamo».

Dei 14 progetti mai completati sui quali sono stati investiti per nulla 300 milioni, la maggior parte erano stati avviati in Sardegna. Non uno ha raggiunto la fase costruttiva. A tutt’oggi sono riusciti ad arrivare all’autorizzazione due impianti in Sicilia — ad Aidone e a Gela — per un totale di 53,5 megawatt.

Qui Gela: l’impianto che non c’è

Per capire i fatti è bene essere testimoni diretti e verificare di persona.

Quello che anni fa sarebbe stato l’impianto solare di Gela (Caltanissetta) è un campo ben coltivato a ortaggi fra la strada ferrata per Butera e la provinciale 83. Il progetto era stato proposto dalla Reflex, azienda veneta la cui tecnologia degli specchi per la concentrazione del calore del sole piace all’estero.

Già nel 2011, ai tempi ormai remotissimi del Governo Berlusconi, fu avviato il primo studio di impatto ambientale con un progetto dell’archistar Italo Rota. Progetto splendido, in teoria sarebbero bastati appena 2 anni per realizzarlo. Potenza prevista e produzione di energia elettrica 12,5 megawatt elettrici, ottenuti coprendo di specchi 350mila metri quadri su un’area complessiva di 500mila metri quadri con un investimento di 88 milioni di euro, dei quali opere civili, strutture e impianti sviluppati e spesi nella zona sono 44 milioni. Nei 2 anni di lavoro

previsti dal progetto sarebbero stati creati almeno 150 posti di lavoro diretti e indiretti e poi la centrale per la sua operatività avrebbe impiegato 30 operai su 3 turni per i 25-30 anni di esercizio.

Era il 2011. Di nulla in nulla, sono scivolati nella memoria remota i Governi Berlusconi, Monti, Letta, Renzi, Gentiloni, Conte1 e ora c’è il Governo Conte2. Ma per il progetto di Gela gli anni sono passati nel niente sottovuoto; sono stati firmati e controfirmati alcuni ettometri di carta protocollata e di sentenze del Tar, ma sul terreno non è stato piantato nemmeno un paletto.

Qui Villasor: la sassaia incolta

Ciò che sarebbe dovuto essere da anni l’impianto solare di Villasor (Cagliari) è ancora una sassaia incolta alle spalle dell’azienda sperimentale regionale dell’Agris. Il progetto dell’Energogreen (gruppo Fintel) è sfumato.

Qui nel Medio Campidano il progetto da 50MWe era appoggiato dall’agricoltore proprietario del terreno, ma venne osteggiato da enti pubblici regionali e da aziende agricole confinanti.

Il progetto non è mai arrivato a realizzazione nonostante quintali di carte e di pareri tecnici e legali profusi dalla società proponente.

A Cossoine (Sassari) un progetto simile è stato definito «un’autentica bomba ecologico-ambientale», «un incredibile attentato» in cui «ogni giorno il sole si sarebbe specchiato riempiendo di soldi le tasche di chi voleva catturare i suoi raggi».

Qui Gonnos: fra i ventilatori eolici

Su un terreno ancora incolto a Gonnosfanàdiga (Cagliari) in direzione di Gùspini è dove l’Energogreen ha dilapidato milioni per tentare di realizzare una centrale da 50 megawatt.

La Regione Sardegna ha detto che a Gonnosfanàdiga non si dovrà costruire una centrale di specchi perché danneggerà le pecore del famoso pecorino (il cui latte senza valore venne rovesciato per protesta sull’asfalto) e perché renderà meno biologiche le colture biologiche. Una nota a margine: la Regione Sardegna che ha detto no alla centrale
a specchi di Gonnosfanàdiga ha appena detto sì al gasdotto per alimentare l’isola.

Sono fermo sulla spianata di erbacce abbandonate tra Gonnos e Gùspini. Tra la statale 197 e la provinciale numero 4 c’è il terreno in cui avrebbe dovuto sorgere la centrale termodinamica. C’è un suono continuo e forte, è il fischio ritmico delle eliche dei ventilatori eolici. Quanti sono? Girandomi su me stesso in mezzo al terreno incolto ho contate le pale eoliche a una a una. Ne ho contate 35. Uno dei ventilatori eolici è esploso l’altro giorno. Il ruggito dei motori che passano sul rettifilo della statale 194. Gorgogliano allineati nel cielo gli aerei da guerra decollati dalla base di Decimomannu.

C’è un magnetismo strano.

Una densità emotiva.

Attraversato un fosso e un campo incolto, ci sono i resti di un tempio preistorico “a megaron”. Più in là, dietro alcuni alberi, c’è un altro tempio nuragico: una fonte sacra nuragica, nascosta sotto una lastra di calcestruzzo.
In mezzo tra il tempio nuragico e il tempio dell’acqua sacra la fede popolare, attratta dal magnetismo stordente di questo posto, ha costruito migliaia di anni dopo la chiesa rurale di San Giacomo.

Le bufale, come «devasterà il nostro territorio»

Ho letto bufale come piovesse. Per esempio, l’accusa che gli specchi del solare termodinamico ingombrano. Non è vero; in primo luogo, perché — a differenza del solare fotovoltaico che tende a coprire il terreno se l’impianto è a terra — questi specchi devono essere distanti fra loro circa 20 metri, altrimenti con il sole basso sull’orizzonte non catturano la luce del sole. Quindi tra un filare e l’altro deve essere lasciato ampio spazio soleggiato nel quale far crescere colture a stelo basso, come cereali o altri seminativi, adatto anche alla pastorizia.

Ho letto su documenti ufficiali che il solare termodinamico riscalda l’aria, il clima. È una sciocchezza solenne, un’altra fake news. Chi dice che gli specchi solari potrebbero produrre un surriscaldamento dice una sciocchezza con il botto. È vero proprio il contrario, perché il calore del sole viene sottratto e trasferito nel fluido che scorre nei tubi, quindi per estremizzare l’aria ne risulta anche più fresca. Ho letto altre asserzioni più stravaganti, anche che il solare termodinamico è radioattivo. C’è chi dice poi che la costruzione di una centrale solare produrrebbe «emigrazione», oppure «che devasterà il nostro territorio, vocato per il turismo culturale e l’agricoltura di qualità», in genere esigenze espresse da aree marginali, depredate, invecchiate, afflitte dall’emigrazione e impoverite.

Che cosa manca

Il settore muore perché manca da anni l’amnnunciato decreto denominato Fer2, cioè il sistema di incentivazione di queste tecnologie sperimentali. Intanto il Governo esulta per il piano integrato energia e clima (Pniec) per ridurre del 55% le emissioni di CO2 dell’Italia entro dieci anni.

Emigrazione industriale

Vi avevano investito denaro e competenze decine di aziende come (qualche nome a titolo di esempio) l’Enel, la Techint, la Maire Tecnimont, l’Eni.

Racconta Gianluigi Angelantoni, imprenditore e presidente della scioglienda associazione Anest: «Noi avevamo costituito la società Archimede Solar Energy, che oggi senza più progetti è rimasta con un solo dipendente, che è l’amministratrice delegata Federica Angelantoni, mia figlia, con l’incarico di definire un trasloco forzato in Cina».

Un commento: Rossella Muroni

«Si parla molto di green deal, ma non può essere solo una dichiarazione di intenti. Così come il contrasto alla crisi climatica ha bisogno di azioni concrete, accelerazione della transizione energetica in primis. Invece nel nostro Paese si parla molto e di azioni se ne vedono ben poche. Siamo ancora in attesa del decreto che dovrebbe incentivare le rinnovabili più innovative, mentre la versione definitiva del Piano nazionale integrato per l’energia e il clima è per diversi aspetti peggiore rispetto alla bozza precedente», afferma la parlamentare Rossella Muroni di Leu.

Nota finale

Le foto di Gela, Gonnos Fanàdiga e Villasor sono state scattate da me medesimo con il telefonino; mi scuso per la bassa qualità del fotografo e delle fotografie.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative, Materie Prime

UK-Africa investment summit. 2.4mld € investiti nei combustibili fossili.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-29.

2020-01-27__UK-Africa Investment Summit 2020 001


Il Governo del Regno Unito ha patrocinato il UK-Africa investment summit, che ha iniziato i lavori il 20 di questo mese.

«UK-Africa Investment Summit 2020

Partners for prosperity.

On 20 January 2020 the UK hosted the UK-Africa Investment Summit in London.

The Summit was hosted by the Prime Minister and brought together businesses, governments and international institutions to showcase and promote the breadth and quality of investment opportunities across Africa. The Summit strengthened the UK’s partnership with African nations to build a secure and prosperous future for all our citizens. It also mobilised new and substantial investments to create jobs and boost mutual prosperity.

Watch a recording of the summit here (starts at 1:10:40).

UK-Africa Investment Summit 2020»

*

Diamo atto a Mr Johnson di essere una persona pratica, specialmente adesso che il Regno Unito ha lasciato l’Unione Europea.

«British PM Boris Johnson said the UK is committed to “support African countries in their transition to cleaner energy”»

«but most of the commercial deals were for oil and gas production»

«Over 90 percent of energy deals struck at the UK-Africa investment summit, a total of around €2.4bn, were for fossil fuels»

* * * * * * *

Il ragionamento di Mr Johnson non fa una grinza: per patrocinare la transizione dei paesi africani verso le energie alternative, quelle pulite, quale investimento potrebbe mai essere migliore di quello nei combustibili fossili, dal petrolio al gas naturale?

«”[The] hypocrisy of the government’s position is breathtaking,” said UK Green MP Caroline Lucas»

Inglesi certamente sì, ma proprio scemi altrettanto sicuramente no.

Davvero Mr Boris Johnson è una persona encomiabile! Lascia ai folli i loro deliri e fa gli interessi del Regno Unito.

* * * * * * *


Britain must open a new chapter in its relationship with Africa

«Economic growth in African countries has triggered a global race for influence. Britain cannot afford to be left behind.

Africa is the coming continent. Its population is predicted to double to 2 billion people over the next three decades. That growth will mean enormous opportunities for business and investment, but will also create huge challenges around sustainability and the environment.

An Africa focus is therefore essential, particularly for a post-Brexit Britain.

The 2020 UK-Africa Investment summit, which takes place in London on Monday, should be the occasion to open a new chapter in Britain’s relationship with Africa.

Up to now, despite the significant amounts of aid Britain spends and the strong political and diplomatic footprint it has in Africa, investment lags.

Between 2014 and 2018, UK direct investment into Africa was $17bn (£13bn), well below China’s $72bn, France’s $34bn, the US’s $31bn, and the United Arab Emirates’ $25bn. This needs to change. Africa provides a huge opportunity for the UK to maintain its global economic standing: one in every four consumers worldwide will be African by 2050, while eight of the 15 fastest growing economies are in Africa. ….»

* * *


‘Hypocrisy’: 90% of UK-Africa summit’s energy deals were in fossil fuels

Exclusive: Almost £2bn went to oil and gas despite a UK pledge to support cleaner energy in African countries.

More than 90% of the £2bn in energy deals struck at this week’s UK-Africa investment summit were for fossil fuels, despite a government commitment to “support African countries in their transition to cleaner energy”.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson opened the summit on Monday, citing the climate emergency: “We all breathe the same air, we live beneath the same sky, and we all suffer when carbon emissions rise and the planet warms.”

But the commercial energy deals revealed later were dominated by oil and gas production. The official UK government statement on the summit and a press release failed to mention these, citing only the far smaller support for clean energy. Green Party MP Caroline Lucas said the “hypocrisy of the government’s position is breath-taking”.

Johnson also announced that UK taxpayers’ money would no longer support overseas coal-fired power plants and coal mining. Yet MPs on the environmental select committee reported in 2019 that “UK Export Finance (UKEF) has not supported a coal project since 2002”.

A report by Greenpeace and Newsnight also found that UKEF spent billions of pounds abroad supporting fossil fuel projects that will emit an estimated 69 million tonnes of carbon a year.

The UK will host a critical UN climate summit in Glasgow in November, at which nations must dramatically increase their pledges to cut carbon emissions to avoid a disastrous 3o-4oC rise in global temperatures.

The five oil and gas deals announced after the summit are worth £2.1bn, led by oil company Tullow investing £1.2bn in continued oil production in Kenya. The other fossil fuel contracts span the continent from Nigeria to Mozambique and Tunisia to Cote D’Ivoire.»

* * *


UK set to support new fossil fuel projects in Africa

Over 90 percent of energy deals struck at the UK-Africa investment summit, a total of around €2.4bn, were for fossil fuels, the Guardian writes. British PM Boris Johnson said the UK is committed to “support African countries in their transition to cleaner energy”, but most of the commercial deals were for oil and gas production. “[The] hypocrisy of the government’s position is breathtaking,” said UK Green MP Caroline Lucas.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Germania. Energie alternative che languono. Poi, dopo la Merkel ….

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-20.

2020-01-14__Alternative 00

L’anno prossimo a settembre si terranno le elezioni politiche in Germania.

Frau Merkel ha già annunciato che non si presenterà e le previsioni suggeriscono che Cdu ed Spd dovrebbero scendere ulteriormente. Verosimilmente i Grüne dovrebbero avere un’ottima prestazione, così come AfD.

Ne uscirà un quadro frammentato, al limite della ingovernabilità.

Ma la ingovernabilità inizia già a farsi sentire, e con la mano pesante, esistendo in una crisi depressiva economica ed un offuscamento della credibilità tedesca nella politica internazionale.

«A slowdown in the installation of wind turbines and solar panels in Germany this year could put the country’s carbon reduction targets at risk»

«Last year, new onshore wind power capacity in Germany reached 700 megawatts (MW), the lowest level in two decades, while in 2020 only another 1 GW might be built»

«This would lag the 4.2 GW of capacity added per annum between 2013 and 2017»

«Overall, the renewables expansion is not sufficiently rapid to meet Germany’s generation targets for 2030»

«The slower installation partly reflects delays to the planning and permissioning of onshore turbines applications because of objections to their construction»

«Disagreements between Germany’s federal states over financing and general inertia by authorities have also slowed down related grid expansion to transport wind power north to south»

«As a result, wind power operators shied away from last year’s auctions for new building licenses»

*

In Germania tutto il settore delle energie alternative è entrato in una crisi e stasi severa.

– Le procedure burocratiche per aprire nuovi impianti sono sempre più lunghe, farraginose e costose: sono rilasciate molto più parcamente rispetto al passato.

– Le popolazioni dei posti ove di vorrebbero collocare le turbine eoliche quasi invariabilmente si ribellano a vedersi invasi a progetti deturpanti il paesaggio e pieni di problemi tecnici. I tribunali sono ora saturi di ricorsi in tal senso.

– Il grosso della produzione eolica avviene nel nord del paese, perché il vento è lì. Ma le zone industriali che consumano energia sono al sud. Gli elettrodotti sono costosi e, soprattutto, dissipano gran quota della corrente immessa: nel caso tedesco oltre la metà dell’energia immessa è dissipata sotto forma di calore, raddoppiando così di fatto i costi di produzione.

– Le turbine eoliche sono progettate per venti anni di esercizio e quelle ancora funzionanti di vecchia data hanno rese miserande. Sostituirle e tenerle i manutenzione ha costi drammatici, essendo queste collocate all’apice di pilastri di circa ottanta metri da terra. Né si pensi che questi costi di rimpiazzo e manutenzione siano da poco, visto che determinano un raddoppio dei costi.

* * * * * * *

Frau Merkel è tetragona: cederebbe più facilmente il suo fragile bonum piuttosto che recedere dalle energie alternative.

Di certo negli ultimi tempi sta lavorando in un clima sempre più ostile, che sembrerebbe proprio non veder l’ora che se ne vada a casa.

I progetti Grüne sono tutti naufragati sul problema dei costi.

*


Reuters. 2020-01-12. German carbon targets at risk from wind power slowdown: think tank

A slowdown in the installation of wind turbines and solar panels in Germany this year could put the country’s carbon reduction targets at risk, environmental think tank Agora said on Tuesday.

Last year, new onshore wind power capacity in Germany reached 700 megawatts (MW), the lowest level in two decades, while in 2020 only another 1 GW might be built, Agora estimated.

This would lag the 4.2 GW of capacity added per annum between 2013 and 2017. It also lags the 2.5 GW of new capacity that the government expects to be added annually up to 2030 when renewable power production is due to make up 65% of the country’s electricity mix.

“Overall, the renewables expansion is not sufficiently rapid to meet Germany’s generation targets for 2030,” Berlin-based Agora said in an annual analysis.

The slower installation partly reflects delays to the planning and permissioning of onshore turbines applications because of objections to their construction.

Disagreements between Germany’s federal states over financing and general inertia by authorities have also slowed down related grid expansion to transport wind power north to south.

As a result, wind power operators shied away from last year’s auctions for new building licenses. The auctions were for a total of 3.2 GW while bids were only made for 1.5 GW.

In contrast, in offshore wind, which does not share these problems, operators added around 1 GW more capacity by completing projects and stepping up work at those still under construction.

Solar power capacity in 2019 increased by around 30% year-on-year to 4 gigawatts and the increase could reach a similar number this year.

But this would not be enough to meet the 4.5 GW needed each year up to 2030 to compensate for shortfalls in wind power, Agora said.

Agora said the government should seek an additional 900 MW of solar capacity and 3.6 GW of offshore wind capacity to offset the shortfall in power generation volumes in the future as a result of the slow pace of expansion seen in 2019.

It also said reducing CO2 emissions was not only the responsibility of the power industry, noting that the construction industry was even slower to take action to help to reduce harmful emissions, while transport emissions had even risen due to a trend toward bigger cars.

Legislation is planned in the spring to introduce CO2 pricing for the transport and buildings industries at 25 euros ($27.95) a tonne from 2021.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative, Ong - Ngo, Problemia Energetici

Messico. Inneggiano al ‘clima’, ma investono nel petrolio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-11-13.

Animali_che_Ridono__007_Gufo

A parole il Messico aveva lanciato, e sta lanciando tuttora, struggenti proclami sull’imperversare della imminente catastrofe legata al ‘clima’: catastrofe rimediabile versando fondi stroboscopici alle ngo attive nel settore.

Appena le monetine tintinnano nel salvadanaio liberal, immediatamente il ‘clima’ migliora.

*

«We’re investing in refineries»

«What was invested this year is going to be repeated next year, …. more than 12 billion pesos ($600 million) toward revamping oil production»

«Under the proposal, the energy ministry’s budget would jump more than 70% compared to last year, to 48.5 billion pesos ($2.4 billion), following a budget increase this year of over 900% compared to 2018»

«96% of the money is intended to support oil and natural gas related projects»

«70% is being set aside for transporting natural gas, a somewhat cleaner fossil fuel»

«Conspicuously absent from the budget, advocates say, is funding for expanding renewables, despite the country’s potential to adopt clean energy»

«the president has prioritized ending Mexico’s entrenched poverty but is using oil as the primary engine to drive prosperity»

«He should care about climate change, but between climate change and going down in history for ending poverty… well obviously he prefers that»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è semplicissimo.

Deve il presidente investire nel ‘clima’ così da dare aria pulita ad un popolo che viva in miseria, oppure investire nel petrolio e fare uscire la gente dalla fascia di povertà?

In altri termini, valgono di più gli esseri umani oppure l’ambiente ove vivono?

I supporter del ‘clima’ non hanno dubbi: essendo a lor dire gli esseri umani causa efficiente di inquinamento, ebbene, li si stermini, meglio se per fame, metodo poco costoso.

*


Reuters. 2019-11-01. Amid climate worries, Mexico doubles down on fossil fuels

On the same September day that activist Greta Thurnberg gave a fiery speech in New York demanding world leaders tackle climate change, Mexico’s president was touting achievements of a wholly different kind: increasing funding for oil production.

“We’re investing in refineries. It hasn’t been done for a long time,” President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador told reporters at a news conference in Mexico City.

“What was invested this year is going to be repeated next year,” promised Lopez Obrador, noting that the government had already funneled more than 12 billion pesos ($600 million) toward revamping oil production.

The leftist leader, who was elected in a landslide last July, has framed the investment as a way to wean Mexico off its dependency on foreign energy supplies, as well as fueling economic development through increased oil production.

But at a time when countries are facing mounting pressure to curb emissions and stave off threats from a warming climate, environmental experts say the Mexican government is moving in the wrong direction.

“While Mexico should be abandoning (oil) production, they’re rehabilitating refineries … under a logic of national sovereignty,” said Leon Avila, a professor of sustainable development at the Intercultural University of Chiapas.

“It’s an archaic perspective, based on production in the 70s during the oil boom, and they think they can do the same thing – when really we’re in another context,” he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

On Monday, Mexico’s government announced it would expand the rules of its “clean energy certificates” (CEL) programme to make them available to older hydroelectric plants operated by state utility company CFE.

The program previously applied only to new projects, creating an incentive for local and foreign firms to invest in green energy.

The CEL-certified energy can be sold to big companies that are required to obtain a percentage of their electricity from clean sources.

But in a statement on Tuesday, CFE director general Manuel Bartlett Diaz said that, in line with the president’s vision for energy sovereignty, there was “no reason to subsidize private (electricity) generating companies”.

Industry leaders and environmental experts said the move weakens incentives for renewable energy investment, and risks Mexico’s compliance with the 2015 Paris Agreement to fight climate change.

The Mexican CCE business council said on Tuesday that the change could jeopardize up to $9 billion in foreign and local clean energy investments tied to the original CEL rules.

“The decision detracts from the only mechanism considered by law to drive Mexico’s energy transition and meet the mandatory national clean energy adoption goals,” the CCE said in a statement.

MORE OIL, LESS POVERTY?

The Lopez Obrador administration has emphasized its commitment to tackle climate change and adhere to the Paris accord.

At a UN climate conference last December, Sergio Sanchez, then undersecretary for environmental protection, said the government would implement “concrete policies and actions focused both on reducing emissions and adapting to climate change”.

The Mexican senate last week also called on the federal government to declare a “climate emergency” and take necessary steps to address climate threats.

Those can range from wilder weather and rising seas to more crop-killing droughts that can drive worsening poverty and migration.

But at a press conference the following day, the president shied away from recognizing climate change as a crisis.

“We have already considered a series of measures to face the climate change phenomenon in the Development Plan,” Lopez Obrador said.

But the president’s description of the plan – listing conservation efforts but omitting any policies to reduce emissions – irked environmentalists.

“There is a lack of understanding for the climate crisis we are confronting,” said Claudia Campero from the Mexican Alliance Against Fracking, an advocacy group.

According to Avila, the university professor, the president has prioritized ending Mexico’s entrenched poverty but is using oil as the primary engine to drive prosperity.

“He should care about climate change, but between climate change and going down in history for ending poverty… well obviously he prefers that,” Avila said.

Among Lopez Obrador’s most important projects is the construction of a new oil refinery in his home state of Tabasco. The project is set to cost $8 billion, and the government says it would generate up to 23,000 jobs.

But besides boosting Mexico’s carbon footprint, the refinery, at a coastal site, is vulnerable to climate threats, environmental experts said. Local media reported this week that the property had flooded due to heavy rains.

MORE CASH FOR OIL AND GAS

Environmentalists also point with concern to the government’s proposed 2020 budget, which would see fossil fuel funding continue to increase.

Under the proposal, the energy ministry’s budget would jump more than 70% compared to last year, to 48.5 billion pesos ($2.4 billion), following a budget increase this year of over 900% compared to 2018.

According to an analysis of the budget published in September by a coalition of environmental groups, 96% of the money is intended to support oil and natural gas related projects.

“There is no room for more development of fossil fuel extraction,” said Campero, the fracking opponent. “(But) that’s far from being the vision of this government.”

The budget does include about 56 billion pesos ($2.8 billion) for “adaptation and mitigation of the effects of climate change,” but of this, 70% is being set aside for transporting natural gas, a somewhat cleaner fossil fuel, Campero said.

A spokeswoman for the Mexican environment ministry did not respond to numerous requests for comment.

Conspicuously absent from the budget, advocates say, is funding for expanding renewables, despite the country’s potential to adopt clean energy.

According to a 2017 study from the Friedrich Ebert Foundation, which focuses on promoting democracy and social programs, 80% of Mexico’s energy currently comes from fossil fuels.

But the country’s landscape and weather conditions mean it could supply its electricity needs entirely from renewable sources, the study noted.

The Lopez Obrador administration has appeared reticent to capitalize on this potential, however. In January, the government canceled a public auction for companies to bid on clean energy contracts.

“Mexico is a very rich country in terms of its potential in renewables,” said Pablo Ramirez, a campaigner at Greenpeace Mexico.

“But since the arrival of the new administration, that’s been completely scrubbed off the map.”

Mexico’s 2020 budget is awaiting final approval by congress this month.

Pubblicato in: Energie Alternative, Fisco e Tasse, Ideologia liberal

Germania! Vuoi burro o alternative? La sciagurata rispose.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-10-24.

Surriscaldamento 001

«VOLETE BURRO O CANNONI?». Mussolini pronunciò questa frase dal balcone di Palazzo Venezia poco prima della dichiarazione della Seconda Guerra Mondiale e la folla gridò entusiasta «Cannoni! Cannoni!». Poi chi ha pagato il conto di quella guerra sono stati tantissimi giovani che purtroppo non avevano capito a tempo…

* * *

La storia si ripete, mutatis mutandis.

I tedeschi hanno condiviso l’entusiasmo di Frau Merkel per le energie alternative, ed adesso iniziano ad arrivare i conti da pagare.

«Germany’s power network operators (TSOs) will hike by 5.5% next year the fee consumers have to pay to support the country’s shift toward renewable energies»

«The surcharge is a key part of Germany’s policy to switch to lower carbon sources of energy, known as Energiewende, but has sparked criticism from consumers because it makes up 21% of their final bills»

«A joint statement from the four TSOs said the fee to pay producers feed-in tariffs under Germany’s EEG renewable energy act will increase to 6.756 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) in 2020 compared with 6.405 cents in 2019»

«A household consuming 5,000 kWh per annum would pay another 18 euros more next year to account for the EEG»

«In Germany, some 23% of power bills are made up of grid usage fees, which have increased due to the higher handling costs of renewable power»

«The remaining 25% represent procurement and retail distribution»

* * * * * * *

Una Germania in piena recessione, con un drammatico calo della produzione industriale, si trova a sbattere il volto sul granito dei costi legati alle energie alternative ed a quelli della distribuzione, che dovrebbe essere rifatta di sana pianta, ancorché possa servire a qualcosa. Le distanze infatti tra gli impianti ed i luoghi di consumo sono troppo elevati per gli attuali elettrodotti, e la dissipazione elevata.

Energia. Il problema degli elettrodotti a lunga distanza. Le dissipazioni.

Già.

Pochi ci hanno pensato.

In una Germania che si dice andare incontro ad un surriscaldamento, le dispersioni degli elettrodotti sono vere e proprie stufette elettriche.

*


Germans to pay 5.5% higher levy for renewable power in 2020

FRANKFURT (Reuters) – Germany’s power network operators (TSOs) will hike by 5.5% next year the fee consumers have to pay to support the country’s shift toward renewable energies, they said on Tuesday, confirming what a source earlier told Reuters.

The surcharge is a key part of Germany’s policy to switch to lower carbon sources of energy, known as Energiewende, but has sparked criticism from consumers because it makes up 21% of their final bills.

A joint statement from the four TSOs said the fee to pay producers feed-in tariffs under Germany’s EEG renewable energy act will increase to 6.756 cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) in 2020 compared with 6.405 cents in 2019.

Think-tank Agora and consumer prices comparison companies on Monday said the fee would likely hit a range of 6.5-6.7 cents.

The TSOs said in their statement that more renewable power production was forecast for next year, which could see more pay-outs to renewable power producers.

At the same time, the account in which the collected fees are held had been drawn down this year by relatively high green power output, which is driven by variable weather patterns, it said.

A household consuming 5,000 kWh per annum would pay another 18 euros more next year to account for the EEG, prices portal Check24 said in a press release on Tuesday.

In Germany, some 23% of power bills are made up of grid usage fees, which have increased due to the higher handling costs of renewable power. The remaining 25% represent procurement and retail distribution.

Agora predicted that the fee should peak in 2021, because by then wind turbines built last decade would gradually drop out of the fixed 20-year subsidy scheme that was reformed in 2017.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Energie Alternative, Fisco e Tasse, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Si prospettano nuove tasse per il ‘clima’. 1,000 miliardi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-28.

2019-09-16__Eurotassa clima 001

L’International Monetary Fund riporta che nel 2019 il pil ppa dell’Unione Europea corrisponderà al 16.02% di quello mondiale, essendo la Cina in prima posizione con il 19.15%, con a seguito gli Stati Uniti con il 14.94% e l’India con il 7.98%.

Se sicuramente l’Unione Europea svolge ancora un ruolo di grande potenza economica, altrettanto certamente corrisponde a poco più di un sesto del sistema economico mondiale, che quindi non sarebbe in grado né di controllare né di orientare.

Ma una crisi climatica, ammesso e non concesso che esista, prende piede a livello mondiale: sole, piogge, vento e tutti gli altri eventi climatici non conoscono i confini umani. Se anche l’Unione Europea smantellasse completamente il proprio sistema industriale ed energetico, il restante 84% proseguirebbe imperterrito a produrre energia e manufatti.

2019-09-16__Eurotassa clima 002

La legge di azione di massa è strettamente legata al fenomeno della diffusione ordinaria, ossia un fenomeno di diffusione dalla zona a concentrazione maggiore alla zone circostanti a concentrazione minore. In altri termini, l’unione Europea importerebbe, senza poterci far nulla, dall’estero ciò che aveva bandito nel suo interno.

Questi banali concetti fisici sembrerebbero essere alieni alle menti di politici ed economisti.

Essi sono convinti che riducendo del 3% le emissioni di CO2 nell’Unione Europea, ossia del 16.02% del sistema economico mondiale, sia possibile bonificare l’intero orbe terraqueo.

* * * * * * *

«Climate protection is high on the public agenda and EU finance ministers want to get in on the discussion. They have many ideas on carbon dioxide emissions pricing, but are yet to find an answer»

«Finance ministers of the 28 European Union countries met in Helsinki on Friday to discuss measures to finance and encourage environmentally sustainable growth»

«”We have neutralized our carbon dioxide emissions,” proclaimed Finland, which currently holds the EU Council’s rotating presidency»

«The meeting took place on the same day the governing coalition parties in Germany met to decide on climate measures targeting the transportation sector to ensure the country meets its 2030 goals to combat the climate crisis. Spending toward that end could approach a reported €75 billion ($83.6 billion).»

«The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, submitted a broad palette of possible methods for determining the price for climate damaging emissions in order to collect money to invest in climate protection»

«The EU estimates that trillions, not billions, will be needed in the coming fight against climate change»

«Ursula von der Leyen, the Commission’s new president, wants to invest €1 trillion in green technologies during the coming budgetary period, which ends in 2027»

* * * * * * *

L’idea di investire oltre 1,000 miliardi di euro nelle tecnologie verdi potrebbe a prima vista essere suadente, se non fosse per il banale motivo che questa affermazione si basa sul postulato implicito che queste risorse finanziare saranno coperte da nuove tasse.

Global Commission on Adaptation. Dateci 1.8 trilioni Usd e cambieremo il mondo.

«Several southern EU countries have called for excluding debt incurred through investments in climate protection measures from the governments’ balance sheets»

Adesso alcuni aspetti diventano maggiormente chiari. Sarebbe sufficiente etichettare le forature dei budget come ‘ecologiche’ e queste non inciderebbero più sul rapporto debito / pil: una gran bella genialata!

Ma ci sarebbero forti dubbi che un’Unione Europea in piena recessione possa permettersi un simile lusso.


Deutsche Welle. 2019-09-14. EU plans energy tax to combat climate change

Climate protection is high on the public agenda and EU finance ministers want to get in on the discussion. They have many ideas on carbon dioxide emissions pricing, but are yet to find an answer, reports Bernd Riegert.

Finance ministers of the 28 European Union countries met in Helsinki on Friday to discuss measures to finance and encourage environmentally sustainable growth.     

The meeting took place on the same day the governing coalition parties in Germany met to decide on climate measures targeting the transportation sector to ensure the country meets its 2030 goals to combat the climate crisis. Spending toward that end could approach a reported €75 billion ($83.6 billion).  

“We have neutralized our carbon dioxide emissions,” proclaimed Finland, which currently holds the EU Council’s rotating presidency, as the image was beamed onto large blue screens around the Finlandia Hall in Helsinki where finance ministers gathered.

The country is paying compensation for all the flights required during its six-month presidency. The money is earmarked for fostering environmental projects and planting trees.

It’s not entirely clear if all the finance ministers are impressed by the message. After all, nothing concrete will be decided at this informal meeting in Helsinki; the intention is to start a fundamental discussion.

The EU, says German Finance Minister Olaf Scholz, must find a way to put a sensible price on carbon dioxide emissions, optimally on an international level. “I believe we are currently in a situation where many say ‘we’d like to do something on a national level, but no one else is.'”

Scholz thinks it’s the right moment to act together and find out if consensus can’t eventually be found, saying, “That would be a big step forward.”

New tariffs or taxes to protect the environment?

The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, submitted a broad palette of possible methods for determining the price for climate damaging emissions in order to collect money to invest in climate protection. The EU estimates that trillions, not billions, will be needed in the coming fight against climate change.

Ursula von der Leyen, the Commission’s new president, wants to invest €1 trillion in green technologies during the coming budgetary period, which ends in 2027. A quarter of EU budget expenditures during that time will be linked to climate protection.

The new Commission, which will begin work in November, hopes to introduce a kind of tariff on carbon dioxide. The plan envisions assessing the sustainability of imports from third countries. Those with poor ratings will then be taxed accordingly.

France is in favor of the plan, viewing it as a means of bolstering European competitiveness vis-a-vis China and the US. But German Finance Minister Scholz doesn’t seem to be a fan of the proposal. He finds the scheme complicated and is worried that it could lead to new trade conflicts with the US and China.

Yet, the European lobby association BusinessEurope is of the view that the concept of a duty or import tariff for environmentally damaging products is workable.

Expand emissions trading?

Austrian Finance Minister Eduard Müller is also not opposed to such a plan, but he warns that getting there won’t be easy. “We have a World Customs Organization, we have binding contracts,” he said, adding: “Nevertheless, we have to start the conversation.”

Scholz is intent on expanding the current emissions trading system to include smaller companies and even consumers. “We have a very successful European emissions trading system that applies to large industrial corporations. We are currently trying to figure out how we can limit carbon use in connection with mobility, agriculture, waste management, heating and small businesses.”

The finance minister also suggested the idea of EU-wide taxes on airline tickets, like those charged in Germany. Moreover, EU finance ministers are pondering how to bolster rail transport, for instance by lower value added taxes (VAT) for tickets.

Environmental groups have long criticized Germany for exempting international airline tickets from VAT, as well as the fact that airline fuel is taxed less than gasoline and diesel.

Excluding investments from debts and deficits?

Several southern EU countries have called for excluding debt incurred through investments in climate protection measures from the governments’ balance sheets. Valdis Dombrovskis, the European Commissioner in charge of ensuring the stability of the euro, is opposed the idea. “We can’t pretend that green debt isn’t debt,” says Dombrovskis.

He said that “a certain amount of flexibility” could be shown with the repayment of such debt. “We have done that in the past, especially in the case of Italy.”

The finance ministers of France and Luxembourg urged more German support when it comes to financing investments in climate-friendly projects. Olaf Scholz is clearly under pressure to invest some of Germany’s huge budget surplus.

The European Central Bank also let those gathered in Helsinki know that Germany’s fiscal situation remains strong, and that it should invest its surplus in such projects. The German finance minister, however, declined to comment publicly.

This week, during budget debates, he told Germany’s parliament he had billions to invest in public infrastructure projects in the event that the country went into recession.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Germania. Energie alternative. Quasi tutto bloccato dai residenti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-20.

2019-09-10__Germania_Wind__001

Tipico paesaggio bucolico tedesco. Ancora qualche anno ed inizeranno a crollare.


«Wind power is a key pillar in Germany’s ambitious renewables transition plan, but the sector has struck strong resistance»

«After years of breakneck growth in capacity and uptake that has seen wind power delivering a fifth of Germany’s total energy production, vocal “not-in-my-backyard” opposition by residents and a lack of government support have seen investments shrink in the sector»

«More than 600 citizen initiatives have sprung up against the giant installations, with a district called Saale-Orla even offering €2,000 to anyone taking action to get expert opinions opposing wind farms»

«The far-right AfD party, branding itself as the climate-sceptic outfit, had seized on the topic during state elections in Brandenburg, saying it stands by residents steamrollered by wind energy corporations»

«Against the backdrop of bitter division, expansion in Germany’s wind power production capacity plunged in 2018 to half that in 2017 as companies struggled to obtain permission to build»

«And only a few dozen new turbines were installed since the beginning of this year, down 82 percent from a year ago, said Germany’s Wind Energy Association (BWE).»

«And repeatedly every quarter, official tenders for electricity production have returned undersubscribed — a “worrying” trend, said the Federal Network Agency »

«With 5,000 first generation wind turbines also up for renovation, the stakes are high»

* * * * * * *

Ricapitoliamo.

– Nella sola Saale-Orla sono state sporti seicento ricorsi contro l’installazione di tralicci e pale eoliche.

– I tempi necessari per ottenere i permessi di costruzione di impianti eolici si sono dilatati a livelli economicamente insostenibili.

– La gente non vuole più sottoscrivere le offerte ufficiali per diventare produttori di corrente.

– Oltre 5,000 turbine sono vetuste e dovrebbero esser cambiate.

* * *

La rivolta popolare contro le energie alternative inizia ad avere il suo peso elettorale ed economico.


Turbulent politics: How wind energy became a divisive issue in Germany

Wind power is a key pillar in Germany’s ambitious renewables transition plan, but the sector has struck strong resistance, forcing the Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government to open talks on the crisis.

After years of breakneck growth in capacity and uptake that has seen wind power delivering a fifth of Germany’s total energy production, vocal “not-in-my-backyard” opposition by residents and a lack of government support have seen investments shrink in the sector.

More than 600 citizen initiatives have sprung up against the giant installations, with a district called Saale-Orla even offering €2,000 to anyone taking action to get expert opinions opposing wind farms.

The far-right AfD party, branding itself as the climate-sceptic outfit, had seized on the topic during state elections in Brandenburg, saying it stands by residents steamrollered by wind energy corporations.

Against the backdrop of bitter division, expansion in Germany’s wind power production capacity plunged in 2018 to half that in 2017 as companies struggled to obtain permission to build.

And only a few dozen new turbines were installed since the beginning of this year, down 82 percent from a year ago, said Germany’s Wind Energy Association (BWE).

And repeatedly every quarter, official tenders for electricity production have returned undersubscribed — a “worrying” trend, said the Federal Network Agency.

“With regard to the expansion of onshore wind power, Germany has moved from the fast to the breakdown lane,” said Achim Derck, president of the German Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (DIHK).

For BWE president Hermann Albers, the implication is clear – “this development calls into question the success of Germany’s energy transition.”

Ending subsidies

Market players said the tipping point came in 2016 when Germany amended its Renewable Energy Act.

After almost two decades of providing subsidies to prop up the nascent sector, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government decided that the industry was now sufficiently mature and began withdrawing support.

With obtaining building permits often taking years thanks to stubborn local opposition, projects took even longer to recoup costs, also shifting the calculation by firms whether to invest.

In the months following the 2016 amendment, the wind power sector shed 26,000 jobs in Germany, more than in the dwindling coal industry, according to figures provided by the Bundestag, Germany’s lower parliament.

“We have sounded the alarm, but why the German government has chosen to go down this path remains a mystery to this day,” said BWE head Albers, who feels that Berlin had put too much “emphasis on costs” in the transition to green energy.

Tip of the iceberg’

But the crisis in the sector has now shot back up to the top of the political agenda as youths took on the climate emergency with their vocal Fridays for Future protests, fuelling support for the Green party.

In order to meet the government’s target of sourcing 65 percent of Germany’s energy from renewables by 2030, the proportion of wind power will have to grow from around 20 percent currently to replace coal, which still makes up close to a quarter of the mix.

Ahead of a broader government announcement on September 20th on its climate strategy, Economy Minister Peter Altmaier (CDU) will host crisis talks on Thursday in Berlin with key players in the wind energy sector.

With 5,000 first generation wind turbines also up for renovation, the stakes are high.

For some however, the political attention has come too late.

“We’ve been asking for help for months. I don’t think the government understands that it is destroying an economic ecosystem that is a source of cutting-edge engineering and innovation, that has taken time to create and has made Germany famous,” Yves Rannou, head of the German wind turbine manufacturer Senvion, told AFP.

The company said last week that it is closing down, as its German revenues, which once represented 60 percent of its revenues, have shrunk to just 20 percent.

“We are only the tip of the iceberg, the first to get down on our knees, but not the last,” Rannou warned.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Energie Alternative. 2,600 miliardi investiti in dieci anni nel mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-10.

Amanita muscaria

«Negli ultimi dieci anni (2010-2019) gli investimenti nelle energie rinnovabili, guidati dal solare, hanno superato i 2.500 miliardi di dollari a livello globale mentre la capacità entro la fine di quest’anno dovrebbe essere quadruplicata da 414 Gw a circa 1.650 escluso il grande idroelettrico»

«La Cina è stato il principale investitore nella capacità di energia rinnovabile in questo decennio, con 758 miliardi di dollari tra il 2010 e la prima metà del 2019; secondi gli Stati Uniti con 356 miliardi e poi il Giappone con 202 miliardi. L’Italia si piazza al settimo posto con 82 miliardi di dollari dopo la Cina con 758 miliardi, Stati Uniti 356, Giappone 202, Germania 179, Gran Bretagna 122 e India 90. Dopo l’Italia ci sono Brasile, Australia, Francia, Spagna, Canada, Olanda, Messico, Belgio, Svezia, Sud Africa, Turchia, Chile e Danimarca con 14 miliardi investiti (escluso il grande idroelettrico).»

«nel decennio si prevede l’installazione di una potenza netta di 2.366 Gw, con la quota maggiore del solare (638 Gw), seguita da carbone (529 Gw), eolico e gas in terza e quarta posizione (rispettivamente 487 Gw e 438 Gw).»

«nel decennio si prevede l’installazione di una potenza netta di 2.366 Gw, con la quota maggiore del solare (638 Gw), seguita da carbone (529 Gw), eolico e gas in terza e quarta posizione (rispettivamente 487 Gw e 438 Gw).»

* * * * * * *

Tenendo conto che il solo piano nucleare cinese prevede investimenti per quasi 2,000 miliardi Usd, ci si sarebbe aspettati qualcosa di più.


Ansa. 2019-09-06. Rinnovabili, in 10 anni investiti 2.600 miliardi nel mondo

Negli ultimi dieci anni (2010-2019) gli investimenti nelle energie rinnovabili, guidati dal solare, hanno superato i 2.500 miliardi di dollari a livello globale mentre la capacità entro la fine di quest’anno dovrebbe essere quadruplicata da 414 Gw a circa 1.650 escluso il grande idroelettrico. E’ quanto emerge dal rapporto “Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2019 (Le tendenze globali negli investimenti nell’energia rinnovabile), commissionato dal Programma delle Nazioni Unite per l’ambiente (Unep) e pubblicato in vista del vertice sull’azione globale per il clima dell’Onu, il 23 settembre prossimo.

La Cina è stato il principale investitore nella capacità di energia rinnovabile in questo decennio, con 758 miliardi di dollari tra il 2010 e la prima metà del 2019; secondi gli Stati Uniti con 356 miliardi e poi il Giappone con 202 miliardi. L’Italia si piazza al settimo posto con 82 miliardi di dollari dopo la Cina con 758 miliardi, Stati Uniti 356, Giappone 202, Germania 179, Gran Bretagna 122 e India 90. Dopo l’Italia ci sono Brasile, Australia, Francia, Spagna, Canada, Olanda, Messico, Belgio, Svezia, Sud Africa, Turchia, Chile e Danimarca con 14 miliardi investiti (escluso il grande idroelettrico). L’Europa nel complesso ha investito 698 miliardi di dollari in capacità di energie rinnovabili nello stesso periodo, con la Germania che ha contribuito maggiormente con 179 miliardi e il Regno Unito con 122 miliardi di dollari.
Il rapporto mette in risalto che la sola capacità solare è salita di oltre 26 volte dal livello del 2009, si stima da 25 Gw a 663 Gw entro fine anno, abbastanza per produrre tutta l’energia elettrica necessaria ogni anno a circa 100 milioni di case negli Stati Uniti. Nel 2018 l’investimento per la capacità ha raggiunto 272,9 miliardi di dollari, il triplo rispetto a quello nella produzione di combustibili fossili. Le energie rinnovabili hanno generato il 12,9% dell’elettricità globale nel 2018, evitando due miliardi di tonnellate di emissioni di anidride carbonica. L’energia solare ha assorbito metà dei 2,6 trilioni di dollari in investimenti in capacità di energia rinnovabile effettuati nel decennio.

Considerando tutte le principali tecnologie di generazione (fossili e zero-carbonio), nel decennio si prevede l’installazione di una potenza netta di 2.366 Gw, con la quota maggiore del solare (638 Gw), seguita da carbone (529 Gw), eolico e gas in terza e quarta posizione (rispettivamente 487 Gw e 438 Gw).

Anche la competitività, guardando ai costi delle energie rinnovabili, è aumentata notevolmente nel corso del decennio con il costo livellato dell’elettricità (che consente il confronto di diversi metodi di generazione di elettricità su base costante) in calo dell’81% per il fotovoltaico solare dal 2009 e del 46% per l’eolico on shore. Mentre la Cina è rimasta il principale singolo investitore nel 2018 (con 88,5 miliardi di dollari, in calo del 38%), gli investimenti in capacità di energia rinnovabile sono stati più diffusi che mai in tutto il mondo lo scorso anno, con 29 paesi che hanno investito ciascuno più di un miliardo di dollari, rispetto ai 25 del 2017 e ai 21 del 2016. “Investire nelle energie rinnovabili vuol dire investire in un futuro sostenibile e redditizio, come ha dimostrato l’ultimo decennio di incredibile crescita delle rinnovabili”, ha commentato Inger Andersen, direttore esecutivo del Programma ambientale delle Nazioni Unite avvertendo che non è sufficiente perchè le emissioni del settore energetico a livello globale sono aumentate di circa il 10% in questo periodo. “Dobbiamo rapidamente passare alle energie rinnovabili se vogliamo raggiungere gli obiettivi internazionali in materia di clima e sviluppo”.

Il rapporto è stato commissionato con Frankfurt School-Unep Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance e prodotto in collaborazione con BloombergNEF.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Merkel e le energie alternative stanno languendo di inedia. Le cifre.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-07.

2019-09-05__Wind__000

In Germania sul futuro Grüne stanno addensandosi grossi nuvoloni minacciosi.

Safety of power-generating wind turbines questioned

«At the beginning of this week, a nearly 100-meter-tall (328-feet-tall) wind turbine collapsed in Hamburg in northern Germany. In addition, a 40-meter-long blade of a wind turbine broke off in Zichow, also in northern Germany. In the weeks leading up to New Year’s, a 95-meter-tall wind turbine collapsed in Saxony. And in Süderholz in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, a 70-meter-tall turbine tower fell in mid-December. ….

As a rule, wind turbines are designed to last for 20 years»

* * *

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Wind energy’s big disposal problem

«Germany has more than 28,000 wind turbines — but many are old and by 2023 more than a third must be decommissioned. Disposing of them is a huge environmental problem. ….

the most modern turbines are made more with the goal to have more energy production and that then 20 years later, when these turbines are at the end of their life, then the researchers find the right technologies for their recycling ….»

* * *

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Ma ai vecchi problemi se ne aggiungono dei nuovi, e non da poco.

«The German Economy Ministry has called a summit to discuss a dramatic slowdown in the wind energy sector that’s threatening agreed climate goals. The problems are due to policy mistakes and growing public resistance.»

«At the Ketzin 1 and Ketzin 2 wind farms near the small town of Nauen about 50 kilometers (31 miles) west of Berlin, almost 200 wind turbines are gently humming along in the late-summer breeze. The two wind farms are among the largest and oldest in Germany, generating about 48 megawatts (MW) of electricity and meeting the power needs of about 20,000 people. But these days, the farms are facing unexpected headwinds.»

«”As long as the health hazards of infrasound emissions from the wind turbines haven’t been fully studied and the problem of how to store excess electricity isn‘t resolved, we are against the relentless buildup of wind farms,” says Volkmar Richter, a member of the local branch of the business-friendly Free Democratic Party (FDP).»

«Richter is active in a local pressure group that is protesting the planned extension of the wind farms by another 15 turbines. The group has launched a lawsuit against the plan, claiming the new installations would be built too closely to the village of Falkenrehde, situated only 600 meters (656 yards) away, and that the turbines would threaten the red kite raptors breeding in the area.»

«Legal action against German wind energy projects have multiplied in recent years, leading to a dramatic decline in the number of new onshore wind farms.»

«All over Germany, only 35 new windmills with a combined output of a mere 290 MW were installed in the first half of 2019 — a decline of more than 80% compared with the same period last year and the lowest total in almost two decades.»

«The situation in the wind power sector is a catastrophe. We are facing the slowest buildup of capacity in the past 20 years, while the government at the same time is claiming to fully support and implement the Paris climate goals»

«However, Germany’s wind sector is in “deep trouble,” Brussels-based trade group WindEurope noted recently, and its Chief Executive Giles Dickson said: “The main problem is permissions. It’s got much slower, more complex, and there aren’t enough civil servant to process the applications.”»

«The German wind energy industry federation BWE estimates that wind farms with a total capacity of 11 gigawatts are currently waiting for approval. Until a few years ago, licenses were granted within 10 months. But the process now takes over two years as many wind projects are held up by legal disputes.»

«In the southern German state of Bavaria, for example, the regional government has imposed a so-called 10H ban on new installations, which stipulates that the distance between a turbine and a settlement must be a minimum of 10 times the height of the turbine.»

«about 300 turbines with a total capacity of 1,200 MW are currently being blocked by legal objections based on alleged threats to endangered birds and bats.»

«In addition, military concerns and FM radio beacons constitute significant approval barriers, as wind power projects have to keep a distance of 10 to 15 kilometers to stations that are used for navigation in aviation»

«a quarter of the existing wind power could be cut off by 2025 when older turbines become unprofitable»

* * * * * * *

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Sintetizziamo.

– Le turbine eoliche sono progettate per venti anni di vita ed il 25% di quelle in essere dovrebbe essere sostituito.

– Un numero crescente di pilastri a supporto semplicemente crolla per problemi alla statica. Le fotografie dovrebbero essere eloquenti.

– Le turbine eoliche generano ultrasuoni nocivi alla salute degli umani.

– Il numero di turbine eoliche impiantate si è ridotto dell’80% rispetto all’anno precedente.

– Il contenzioso legale alla messa in opera delle turbine eoliche è cresciuto vertiginosamente.

– Molti Länder hanno legiferato criteri molto restrittivi per ottenere la licenza edilizia e quella di esercizio.

– Le turbine eoliche interferiscono con le reti di comunicazione militari ed aeroportuali.

* * *

Facendo un conto molto grossolano ed approssimato per difetto, la strada delle energie alternative eoliche richiederebbe circa 750 miliardi di investimenti per mantenere la produzione attuale ed altrettanti per incrementarla.

Entrata in fase depressiva, la Germania ben difficilmente potrà trovare un simile volume di risorse da investire in questo settore, ma senza grandi investimenti corre il rischio concreto di veder ridurre in pochi anni il parco turbine ad una manciata di impianti funzionanti.


Deutsche Welle. 2019-09-04. German wind energy stalls amid public resistance and regulatory hurdles

The German Economy Ministry has called a summit to discuss a dramatic slowdown in the wind energy sector that’s threatening agreed climate goals. The problems are due to policy mistakes and growing public resistance.

*

At the Ketzin 1 and Ketzin 2 wind farms near the small town of Nauen about 50 kilometers (31 miles) west of Berlin, almost 200 wind turbines are gently humming along in the late-summer breeze. The two wind farms are among the largest and oldest in Germany, generating about 48 megawatts (MW) of electricity and meeting the power needs of about 20,000 people. But these days, the farms are facing unexpected headwinds.

“As long as the health hazards of infrasound emissions from the wind turbines haven’t been fully studied and the problem of how to store excess electricity isn‘t resolved, we are against the relentless buildup of wind farms,” says Volkmar Richter, a member of the local branch of the business-friendly Free Democratic Party (FDP).

Richter is active in a local pressure group that is protesting the planned extension of the wind farms by another 15 turbines. The group has launched a lawsuit against the plan, claiming the new installations would be built too closely to the village of Falkenrehde, situated only 600 meters (656 yards) away, and that the turbines would threaten the red kite raptors breeding in the area.

Legal action against German wind energy projects have multiplied in recent years, leading to a dramatic decline in the number of new onshore wind farms.

Wind power drive stalls 

All over Germany, only 35 new windmills with a combined output of a mere 290 MW were installed in the first half of 2019 — a decline of more than 80% compared with the same period last year and the lowest total in almost two decades. In 2018, Germany installed wind turbines with a total capacity of 2,800 MW. That in itself was a sharp drop from 2017, when Germany added more than 5,000 MW of wind capacity on land. 

“The situation in the wind power sector is a catastrophe. We are facing the slowest buildup of capacity in the past 20 years, while the government at the same time is claiming to fully support and implement the Paris climate goals,” says Reiner Priggen, a former MP of the Greens and now a chief wind power lobbyist for Germany’s Renewable Energies Association. 

According to the German government’s long-term plan, renewable energy is supposed to account for at least 65% of the country’s electricity needs by 2030 — up from about 44% today. Wind energy, which is expected to become the most important component in the country’s future energy mix, accounted for more than a quarter of electricity production in 2019. Solar power, by contrast, contributed just 10%. According to a recent study by the Agora Energiewende pressure group, about three-quarters of the additional capacity needed by 2030 will have to come from wind.

However, Germany’s wind sector is in “deep trouble,” Brussels-based trade group WindEurope noted recently, and its Chief Executive Giles Dickson said: “The main problem is permissions. It’s got much slower, more complex, and there aren’t enough civil servant to process the applications.”

Public resistance and regulatory hurdles

The German wind energy industry federation BWE estimates that wind farms with a total capacity of 11 gigawatts are currently waiting for approval. Until a few years ago, licenses were granted within 10 months. But the process now takes over two years as many wind projects are held up by legal disputes.

Local pressure groups are suing because they find some of the new projects are being built too closely to residential areas. In the southern German state of Bavaria, for example, the regional government has imposed a so-called 10H ban on new installations, which stipulates that the distance between a turbine and a settlement must be a minimum of 10 times the height of the turbine.

Safety of power-generating wind turbines questioned

Often public resistance is supported by environmental campaigners who are worried about the turbines’ impact on wildlife. According to BWE findings, about 300 turbines with a total capacity of 1,200 MW are currently being blocked by legal objections based on alleged threats to endangered birds and bats.

In addition, military concerns and FM radio beacons constitute significant approval barriers, as wind power projects have to keep a distance of 10 to 15 kilometers to stations that are used for navigation in aviation.

In many cases, by the time these complaints are dealt with and the installation of new wind turbines is approved, the registered technology is already outdated.

As part of efforts to boost public acceptance for wind power, the state of Brandenburg recently passed a law that forces operators to pay an annual lump sum of €10,000 ($11,000) per wind turbine to neighboring municipalities.

Double blow from subsidy cuts

On top of the numerous legal risks, there is a growing commercial risk for the wind power industry, which threatens to scare off potential investors. By introducing a market-based tendering model for new capacity, the government forced the industry to cut costs and face stronger competition.

As of next year, wind turbines with a total capacity of 4,000 MW will drop out of the state subsidy scheme, which was guaranteed 20 years ago under Germany’s Renewable Energy Law (EEG).

Luise Pörtner, the managing director of BayWa re., a leading renewable energy developer, already speaks of “a massive impact on the onshore wind industry.” She estimates that a quarter of the existing wind power could be cut off by 2025 when older turbines become unprofitable.

“We need a great deal of re-powering,” says Pörtner, referring to the replacement of outdated wind turbines on the same site. She admits, though, that approval procedures have become so strict that about 45% of turbines approved two decades ago, are likely to be refused today under the new rules.

Another initiative to boost onshore facilities — corporate Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) — is also failing to get off the ground. These long-term power supply agreements between turbine operators and power companies aim to guarantee a set price for a certain period of time, mostly five years. But these contracts are considered risky because no one knows how the price of electricity will trend.

Growing investor reluctance is already showing in the number of wind power projects tendered this year. Of the more than 1,350 MW offered by the government so far in 2019, only 746 MW could materialize due to a lack of participation in the public auction rounds.

So, the German wind energy summit is coming at a critical moment for Europe’s largest economy, which has committed itself to phasing out nuclear power by 2022 and coal power by 2038. That shift can only succeed if the country manages to expand its wind energy sector significantly.