Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, India

India. Ridotte le tasse sull’oro. Export di gemme e gioielli +102% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-03.

India 013

«→→ reduction in import duty of gold ←←»

* * * * * * *

«India’s exports of gems and jewellery during the first seven months of this financial year (up to October) has been 23.62 billion U.S. dollars, as compared to 11.69 billion U.S. dollars in last financial year»

«India can emerge as the largest diamond trading hub in the world»

«the federal government has declared the gems and jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion»

«the federal government has taken various measures to promote investment for growth of the sector»

«→→ reduction in import duty of gold ←←»

«focus on design, diversification of export products, collaboration with other nations for cost-effective methods to enhance production of fusion jewellery, and promote lab-grown diamond»

this sector embodies the spirit of New India, contributing about 7 percent of India’s total gross domestic product (GDP) and employing more than 5 million workers»

* * * * * * *

Il Revamped Gold Monetisation Scheme attua una riduzione delle tasse sull’oro.

La manovra del governo indiano è quella di maggiore buon senso: ridotte le tasse sull’import e sulla produzione l’export cresce immediatamente, concorrendo adesso a formare il 7% del prodotto interno lordo e dando un sicuro lavoro a più di cinque milioni di persone.

A nostro sommesso parere, questo concetto dovrebbe essere lapalissiano.

* * * * * * *


India’s exports of gems, jewellery double in this financial year: minister.

New Delhi, Nov. 27 (Xinhua) — India’s exports of gems and jewellery during the first seven months of this financial year (up to October) has been 23.62 billion U.S. dollars, as compared to 11.69 billion U.S. dollars in last financial year, said the country’s Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal on Saturday.

He said that India can emerge as the largest diamond trading hub in the world.

In a video message during the inauguration ceremony of “Gems & Jewellery Manufacturing Show –2021,” Goyal said that the federal government has declared the gems and jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion.

According to him, the federal government has taken various measures to promote investment for growth of the sector, such as the Revamped Gold Monetisation Scheme and reduction in import duty of gold.

“We should make our products a benchmark of quality, to further expand in new markets & deepen presence in existing ones.”

He laid out four points to make the country’s Gems and Jewellery a pioneer industry in the world: focus on design, diversification of export products, collaboration with other nations for cost-effective methods to enhance production of fusion jewellery, and promote lab-grown diamond.

Goyal said this sector embodies the spirit of New India, contributing about 7 percent of India’s total gross domestic product (GDP) and employing more than 5 million workers. Enditem

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Stati Uniti

Usa. Joe Biden rilascia 50 milioni barili dalle riserve strategiche. Benzina a 6 Usd a gallone.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-26.

2021-11-25__ US Gasoline 001

«President Joe Biden has ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve»

* * * * * * *

«When President Joe Biden ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve to help reduce energy costs, he was taking aim at a growing burden for millions of Americans embarking on Thanksgiving travel»

«The step announced Tuesday, done in a rare coordination with several other nations, is among the few things a presidential administration can do to try to lessen the squeeze — and the political threat — of rising inflation»

«→→ The likelihood of providing meaningful relief in the near future, however, is probably low ←←»

* * *

«America’s Strategic Petroleum Reserve holds about 605 million barrels of oil in underground salt caverns in Texas and Louisiana»

«Now the U.S exports more oil than it imports»

«There’s a limit to how much can be released at once. In the past the government has released about 1 million barrels per day. At that rate, the promised influx of 50 million barrels of crude could last about two months»

«The idea is that by putting more oil on the market, prices will fall. That hasn’t happened yet»

«The OPEC oil cartel and its allies will be meeting in about a week to decide whether to increase production or to hold back, a strategy the group often employs to boost prices»

«The coalition Biden assembled — bringing together India, China, Japan, South Korea and the U.K. to tap their strategic oil reserves — is unprecedented»

«Altogether, the group could be adding 70 million to 80 million barrels of oil onto the market»

«OPEC and its allies have oil reserves that can last for decades»

«What many consumers want to know is what’s going to happen to gasoline prices at the pump»

«Really, what we’re talking about are the most price-sensitive consumers in the economy, ….  They may not show up in GDP numbers or recessions, but they show up in vote counts as marginal voters, who may or may not respond in the next election cycle, and I think if we get down to it that’s really what this is about»

«The oil and gas industry employs more than 10 million people in the U.S. and contributes about 8% of the nation’s gross domestic product»

«Companies that supply oil benefit from higher prices. But consumers don’t like it when those higher prices trickle down to the pump»

«It’s the tension between aspirations to decarbonize and the practical concern to have low gasoline prices»

* * * * * * *

Usa. Midterm. Nei sondaggi i Repubblicani superano i Democratici per 13 punti.

Usa. Il 58% degli Elettori ritiene che i media siano ‘nemici del popolo’.

California. Benzina. Prezzo alla pompa 4.682 dollari per gallone.

Usa. Midterm. Biden potrebbe perdere sia Congresso sia Senato. – Abc Poll.

Il costo della benzina alla pompa sfiora adesso i sei dollari al gallone. Ben lontani i tempi nei quali costava cinquanta centesimi. Più passa il tempo e maggiore è la sorda rabbia del Contribuente americano.

* * *


EXPLAINER: What is the Strategic Petroleum Reserve?

President Joe Biden has ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve.

* * *

New York — When President Joe Biden ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve to help reduce energy costs, he was taking aim at a growing burden for millions of Americans embarking on Thanksgiving travel.

The step announced Tuesday, done in a rare coordination with several other nations, is among the few things a presidential administration can do to try to lessen the squeeze — and the political threat — of rising inflation. The likelihood of providing meaningful relief in the near future, however, is probably low. Still, any help in easing fuel prices, even modestly, would be welcomed by many Americans.

Here is a look at what’s involved:

———

                         JUST WHAT IS THE PETROLEUM RESERVE?

America’s Strategic Petroleum Reserve holds about 605 million barrels of oil in underground salt caverns in Texas and Louisiana. It was created following the 1970s Arab oil embargo to store oil that could be tapped in an emergency. But the dynamics of the global oil industry changed dramatically in recent years: Now the U.S exports more oil than it imports.

There’s a limit to how much can be released at once. In the past the government has released about 1 million barrels per day. At that rate, the promised influx of 50 million barrels of crude could last about two months.

———

                         WHY DID BIDEN TAP THE RESERVE?

The idea is that by putting more oil on the market, prices will fall. That hasn’t happened yet. But depending on what happens in the rest of the world, there’s still a chance it could work.

Oil prices rose slightly after the announcement. Traders were anticipating the news, and may have been underwhelmed by the details, said Claudio Galimberti, senior vice president for oil markets at Rystad Energy.

“The immediate price reaction is not the final judgment on the effectiveness of this effort,” said Jim Burkhard, vice president at IHS Markit. “It will really be in the months ahead.”

Whether the move is effective depends on several factors.

———

                         WHAT ABOUT OPEC?

The OPEC oil cartel and its allies will be meeting in about a week to decide whether to increase production or to hold back, a strategy the group often employs to boost prices. Earlier this month, Biden had hoped OPEC nations, led by Saudi Arabia, would agree to significantly boost production. But they only made modest increases.

If OPEC decides next week that it wants higher prices, its members could take oil off the market. “Just overnight, they could just offset it,” Burkhard said. “So that’s a big question mark, is how they react to this.”

The coalition Biden assembled — bringing together India, China, Japan, South Korea and the U.K. to tap their strategic oil reserves — is unprecedented, Galimberti said. Altogether, the group could be adding 70 million to 80 million barrels of oil onto the market, he estimates.

“It’s kind of a coalition of oil importers,” he added. “But can they really supplant, or can they really represent a rival to OPEC-plus? The answer is absolutely not.” That’s because the group of importers are using their strategic petroleum reserves, which are limited. On the other hand, OPEC and its allies have oil reserves that can last for decades. “So there is no comparison between the two,” Galimberti said.

———

                         WILL GASOLINE GET CHEAPER?

What many consumers want to know is what’s going to happen to gasoline prices at the pump. Many factors go into the price of gasoline. Refineries buy crude oil in advance, so they’re still working with more expensive oil, and states have differing tax rates that impact the price. Nevertheless, if OPEC doesn’t respond by curtailing production, the influx of oil could lead to a gasoline price decrease of 10 cents to 15 cents per gallon, said Kevin Book, managing director at Clearview Energy Partners. Even if the price drop doesn’t happen, Biden can make the case that he tried.

“Really, what we’re talking about are the most price-sensitive consumers in the economy,” Book said. “They may not show up in GDP numbers or recessions, but they show up in vote counts as marginal voters, who may or may not respond in the next election cycle, and I think if we get down to it that’s really what this is about.”

———

                         WHY DOES OIL MATTER?

The future of oil and gas in the U.S. is a political flashpoint and source of tension, especially as companies and government agencies grapple with climate change and the transition to cleaner sources of energy.

On the one hand, the U.S. oil and gas industry has been praised by some political leaders for creating energy independence. Where the U.S. once relied heavily on imports, other nations now rely on the U.S. for oil. It’s also a job supplier: The oil and gas industry employs more than 10 million people in the U.S. and contributes about 8% of the nation’s gross domestic product, according to the American Petroleum Institute. Any impact resulting from Biden’s release of oil from the strategic reserves “is likely to be short-lived unless it is paired with policy measures that encourage the production of American energy resources,” the API said in a statement.

Companies that supply oil benefit from higher prices. But consumers don’t like it when those higher prices trickle down to the pump.

“The broader drama is this new variable in the oil market: It’s the tension between aspirations to decarbonize and the practical concern to have low gasoline prices,” Burkhard said. “And there there’s a conflict between those two forces. And that’s why we’re going to continue to see dislocations between demand and supply.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, India

India. Impianterà miniere di carbone in Botswana.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-23.

Botswana South Africa 001

«India’s Jindal Steel & Power Limited (JSPL) (JNSP.NS) will start building a coal mine in Botswana’s southeastern Mmamabula coalfields in 2022, aiming to supply the export market and a planned coal power plant»

«The Indian industrial giant aims for the mine to produce 4.5 million tonnes of coal per year»

«Work will start next year and develop in phases over two to three years»

«Regional demand is increasing and the South African market has appetite for Botswana coal»

«Despite the global shift from coal, Botswana is pushing ahead with developing its estimated 212 billion tonnes of coal resources»

«At the COP26 climate conference this month Botswana signed up to a global commitment to reduce the use of coal, but opted out of a pledge to stop issuing new coal mining licences»

«A last-minute intervention by India and China just before the conclusion of the climate talks changed a requested coal “phase out” to a “phase down»

* * * * * * *

Il mondo ha fame di carbone per alimentare la produzione di energia elettrica e per riscaldamento.

L’articolista costata il fallimento di Cop26, che

«changed a requested coal “phase out” to a “phase down».

Di qui al 2100 passerà molto tempo.

* * * * * * *


India’s Jindal plans to start building Botswana coal mine in 2022

Gaborone, Nov 19 (Reuters) – India’s Jindal Steel & Power Limited (JSPL) (JNSP.NS) will start building a coal mine in Botswana’s southeastern Mmamabula coalfields in 2022, aiming to supply the export market and a planned coal power plant, a company official said.

The Indian industrial giant aims for the mine to produce 4.5 million tonnes of coal per year.

“Work will start next year and develop in phases over two to three years. Regional demand is increasing and the South African market has appetite for Botswana coal,” Jindal Botswana country head Neeraj Saxena told Reuters.

Despite the global shift from coal, Botswana is pushing ahead with developing its estimated 212 billion tonnes of coal resources. In April, it shortlisted Jindal, Minergy Ltd (MIN.BT), African Energy Resources Ltd (AFR.AX) and Maatla Resources in a tender to build a 300 MW coal-fired power plant.

At the COP26 climate conference this month Botswana signed up to a global commitment to reduce the use of coal, but opted out of a pledge to stop issuing new coal mining licences.

A last-minute intervention by India and China just before the conclusion of the climate talks changed a requested coal “phase out” to a “phase down”. read more

The bidding for the 300MW power plant tender is down to three after Maatla Resources pulled out, citing challenges in accessing funding among other reasons.

Australia’s African Energy Resources is still in the bidding. The company plans to spin off its coal operations into an unlisted entity.

Minergy, which owns the country’s only operating privately-owned coal mine, has also said it will go ahead with the bid.

Botswana aims to increase renewable energy’s share of its electricity to 18% from the current 2% over the next 20 years, and the coal plant is its only currently planned fossil fuel based power project.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti

Cop26. Débâcle di Biden. Il Powering Past Coal Alliance include solo 48 stati. Non gli Stati Uniti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-08.

2021-11-05__ PPCA 001

«The Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) is a coalition of national and sub-national governments, businesses and organisations working to advance the transition from unabated coal power generation to clean energy.»

«The PPCA is at the forefront of the global effort to deliver the Paris Agreement. Phasing out coal-fired electricity is one of the most important steps to tackle the climate crisis.»

«The PPCA encourages all members to endorse the PPCA Declaration – including a commitment to phase out coal by 2030 in the OECD and EU, and by no later than 2050 in the rest of the world. It also offers membership to national governments that are taking ambitious actions on coal phase-out (but that are not yet able to meet the 2030 and 2050 timeframes).»

* * * * * * *

«Countries pledge to quit coal — but the U.S., China and India are missing.»

«New members of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) include Ukraine, Poland and Singapore, bring the total number of national governments involved to 48»

«However, China, India and the United States, the three biggest burners of coal worldwide, have not signed up to the PPCA»

«Twenty-eight countries have joined an international alliance dedicated to phasing out coal, but the world’s biggest polluters are not among them»

«Coal, which fuels more than a third of the energy consumed worldwide, is the single biggest contributor to climate change»

«Other major users and producers of coal, such as Australia and Japan, have also not joined the group»

«The PPCA, whose existing members include the U.K., New Zealand and Germany – Europe’s largest consumer of coal – is working to “advance the transition from unabated coal power generation to clean energy.”»

«According to a May report from the IEA, to achieve a net zero emissions economy by 2050, investments in new unabated coal plants must be stopped immediately»

«Today’s ambitious commitments made by our international partners demonstrate that the end of coal is in sight»

* * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di ragionare.

Solo 48 su 190 stati hanno siglato l’accordo PPCA, Powering Past Coal Alliance, che propugna l’abbandono immediato dell’estrazione e uso del carbone. Ma tra questi figurano anche stati di scarno peso politico ed economico, quali, per esempio, El Salvador,  Ethiopia, Fiji, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Tuvalu, Vanatu.

Ma Australia, India, Russia e Cina sostengono al contrario l’uso del carbone, ed a questi si associano persino gli Stati Uniti. E questa è davvero cosa grossa.

Per Joe Biden ed i liberal europei si profila una clamorosa débâcle, che andrà ad aggiungersi a tutte le pregresse. Loro sostenevano l’abbandono immediato del carbone e lo avevano imposto come ordine del giorno

* * * * * * *


Countries pledge to quit coal — but the U.S., China and India are missing.

– New members of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) include Ukraine, Poland and Singapore, bring the total number of national governments involved to 48.

– However, China, India and the United States, the three biggest burners of coal worldwide, have not signed up to the PPCA.

– The IEA has said that to achieve a net zero emissions economy by 2050, investments in new unabated coal plants must be stopped immediately.

* * * * * * *

Twenty-eight countries have joined an international alliance dedicated to phasing out coal, but the world’s biggest polluters are not among them.

The new members of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA), which include Ukraine, Poland and Singapore, bring the total number of national governments involved to 48.

Coal, which fuels more than a third of the energy consumed worldwide, is the single biggest contributor to climate change.

However, China, India and the United States, the three biggest burners of coal worldwide, have not signed up to the PPCA. Other major users and producers of coal, such as Australia and Japan, have also not joined the group.

Some U.S. states and cities, including Philadelphia, New Jersey and Los Angeles, are members, however.

Among the new members announced on Wednesday, Poland is the second-largest consumer of coal in Europe and the region’s biggest coal producer, while Singapore is the first Asian country to join the PPCA. Other additional signatories include Chile, Estonia and Mauritius.

The PPCA, whose existing members include the U.K., New Zealand and Germany – Europe’s largest consumer of coal – is working to “advance the transition from unabated coal power generation to clean energy.”

Some major financial institutions, including HSBC, Fidelity International and Vancity – which all joined the alliance on Wednesday – are also counted among its members.

It comes as coal remained a hot topic at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on Thursday.

U.K. lawmaker Alok Sharma, who is serving as COP26 president, said, “the end of coal is in sight.”

He noted that it was the first time that countries like Poland, Vietnam and Chile had committed to end the use of coal.

Countries involved have pledged to end domestic and overseas investment in new coal power generation and rapidly scale up the deployment of green energy, the U.K. government said. Developed economies who are signatories have committed to phase out coal power by the 2030s, while the rest of the world’s target is the 2040s.

According to a May report from the IEA, to achieve a net zero emissions economy by 2050, investments in new unabated coal plants must be stopped immediately.

U.K. Business Minister Kwasi Kwarteng said in a statement on Wednesday that the new commitments being made internationally marked a “milestone moment.”

“Nations from all corners of the world [are uniting] in Glasgow to declare that coal has no part to play in our future power generation,” he said.

“Today’s ambitious commitments made by our international partners demonstrate that the end of coal is in sight. The world is moving in the right direction, standing ready to seal coal’s fate and embrace the environmental and economic benefits of building a future that is powered by clean energy.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale

Draghi. Dichiarazione finale. ‘I nostri sogni’ sono ancora vivi. Sogni non fatti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-03.

Draghi 013

«on climate change we will go nowhere»

* * * * * * *

Joe Biden ed i liberal europei si sarebbero aspettati una condivisione unanime sull’abbandono della estrazione e dello sfruttamento del carbone.

Speranze disattese in modo così plateale da tramutare in farsa il G20: Australia, India, Russia e Cina non hanno sottoscritto alcunché, solo alcune parole generiche. Sono loro i vincitori del G20.

Questa è una nuova débâcle di Joe Biden, e viene subito dopo l’aver perso la maggioranza nella Assemblea delle Nazioni Unite.

Stati Uniti e liberal europei hanno perso il controllo del G20, una volta loro feudo incontrastato.

Grandi carnevalate dei commenti, ma quelli rilasciati da Mario Draghi superano la più fervida delle fantasie.

* * * * * * *

«Senza cooperazione, non andiamo da nessuna parte su questioni come clima, salute, povertà»

«In che cosa siamo riusciti? Abbiamo impegnato risorse notevoli, abbiamo mantenuto questi impegni e abbiamo fatto sì che nostri sogni sono ancora vivi e stanno facendo progressi …. Saremo giudicati per quello che faremo, non per quello che diciamo»

«Questo vertice ha riempito di sostanza le nostre parole …. Gli attivisti ci spingono e ci mantengono sul pezzo quando dicono che “è tutto un bla, bla, bla” ma questo è stato un “vertice di sostanza”»

«Negli ultimi anni la capacità dei paesi del G20 di lavorare insieme è diminuita»

«Per la prima volta i paesi del G20 si sono impegnati a mantenere a portata di mano l’obiettivo di contenere il riscaldamento entro 1,5 gradi con una serie di azioni immediate e a medio termine …. Tutti i paesi del G20 riconoscono la validità scientifica dell’obiettivo di 1,5 gradi e si impegnano con un linguaggio significativo a contenere le emissioni per non perdere di vista questo obiettivo»

«Per quanto riguarda le emissioni di anidride carbonica, prima non c’era nessun impegno collettivo: ora si parla di raggiungere un obiettivo entro il 2050 e questo comporta un progresso che prima non era previsto. Per quella data non ci saranno emissioni nette aggiuntive»

* * * * * * *

Questi i punti chiave.

«abbiamo fatto sì che nostri sogni sono ancora vivi»

«Saremo giudicati per quello che faremo, non per quello che diciamo»

Sogni, ecco cosa erano le loro ambizioni.

Sì Mario Draghi, sarete giudicati per quello che avete fatto e che farete.

* * * * * * *


G20, Draghi: “E’ solo l’inizio, uniti per affrontare le crisi”.

Il premier: “Senza cooperazione, non andiamo da nessuna parte su questioni come clima, salute, povertà”.

“Questo è solo l’inizio. Qualcosa è cambiato: senza cooperazione, non andiamo da nessuna parte su questioni come clima, salute, povertà”. Mario Draghi, presidente del Consiglio, si esprime così chiudendo i lavori del G20 2021 a Roma. “In che cosa siamo riusciti? Abbiamo impegnato risorse notevoli, abbiamo mantenuto questi impegni e abbiamo fatto sì che nostri sogni sono ancora vivi e stanno facendo progressi”, dice il premier. “Saremo giudicati per quello che faremo, non per quello che diciamo”, afferma.

“Questo vertice ha riempito di sostanza le nostre parole”. “Gli attivisti ci spingono e ci mantengono sul pezzo” quando dicono che “è tutto un bla, bla, bla” ma questo è stato un “vertice di sostanza”, ribadisce, annunciando che l’Italia stanzierà “1,4mld di dollari l’anno” per cinque anni per contrastare i cambiamenti climatici.

                         LA CONFERENZA

“Negli ultimi anni la capacità dei paesi del G20 di lavorare insieme è diminuita. In questo vertice è cambiato qualcosa e questo mi rende fiducioso: il G20 sembra aver ritrovato la capacità di affrontare sfide epocali e esistenziali: il covid 19, il clima, la salute, le disuguaglianze di genere e di ricchezza”, dice Draghi in conferenza stampa, facendo riferendosi a “tutte le sfide che non possiamo vincere da soli”.

Capitolo clima: “Per la prima volta i paesi del G20 si sono impegnati a mantenere a portata di mano l’obiettivo di contenere il riscaldamento entro 1,5 gradi con una serie di azioni immediate e a medio termine”, dice Draghi. “Tutti i paesi del G20 riconoscono la validità scientifica dell’obiettivo di 1,5 gradi e si impegnano con un linguaggio significativo a contenere le emissioni per non perdere di vista questo obiettivo”.

Per quanto riguarda le emissioni di anidride carbonica, prima “non c’era nessun impegno collettivo: ora si parla di raggiungere un obiettivo entro il 2050 e questo comporta un progresso che prima non era previsto. Per quella data non ci saranno emissioni nette aggiuntive”. C’è poi “la promessa di dare 100 miliardi dollari l’anno ai paesi più poveri. Siamo molto vicini a raggiungere questo obiettivo, i paesi del G20 sono” già “a 82-83 miliardi”. L’Italia, come annunciato da Draghi, stanzierà 1,4 miliardi ogni anno per 5 anni.

“E’ un summit di successo” come ha detto il presidente Usa Joe Biden “nel senso che siamo riusciti a mantenere vivi i nostri sogni, impegnarci per ulteriori provvedimenti e stanziamenti giganteschi, ulteriori promesse di riduzione. Questo è un successo, sembrava che negli ultimi mesi soprattutto i paesi emergenti non avessero nessuna intenzione di prendere impegni ulteriori”. “C’è un senso di urgenza, condiviso da tutti”, dice Draghi. “C’è la preoccupazione di mostrare credibilità attuando le promesse fatte. Qualcosa è cambiato: senza cooperazione, non andiamo da nessuna parte su questioni come clima, salute, povertà“. La sostanza è che fino ad oggi non condividevamo le ambizioni, oggi condividiamo tutti gli obiettivi e tutte le ambizioni. Potremmo rinforzarle in futuro, ora bisogna condividere la velocità di azione”

* * * * * * *

G20 offers little new on climate, leaving uphill task for COP26

– G20 chair Draghi hails summit as success

– Biden chides China and Russia for not doing enough

– G20 pledges to phase out coal power ‘as soon possible’

– NGO groups say the G20 should have done much more

* * *

Rome, Oct 31 (Reuters) – Leaders of the Group of 20 major economies agreed on a final statement on Sunday that urged “meaningful and effective” action to limit global warming, but angering climate activists by offering few concrete commitments.

The result of days of tough negotiation among diplomats leaves huge work to be done at the broader United Nations COP26 climate summit in Scotland, which starts this week.

U.S. President Joe Biden said he was disappointed that more could not have been done and blamed China and Russia for not bringing proposals to the table.

“The disappointment relates to the fact that Russia and … China basically didn’t show up in terms of any commitments to deal with climate change,” Biden told reporters.

Although the G20 pledged to stop financing coal power overseas, they set no timetable for phasing it out at home, and watered down the wording on a promise to reduce emissions of methane – another potent greenhouse gas.

However, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, who chaired the Rome gathering, hailed the final accord, saying that for the first time all G20 states had agreed on the importance of capping global warming at the 1.5 degrees Celsius level that scientists say is vital to avoid disaster.

“We made sure that our dreams are not only alive but they are progressing,” Draghi told a closing news conference, brushing off criticism from environmentalists that the G20 had not gone nearly far enough to resolve the crisis.

The G20, which includes Brazil, China, India, Germany and the United States, accounts for 60% of the world’s population and an estimated 80% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The 1.5C threshold is what UN experts say must be met to avoid a dramatic acceleration of extreme climate events like droughts, storms and floods, and to reach it they recommend net zero emissions should be achieved by 2050.

The stakes are huge – among them the very survival of low-lying countries, the impact on economic livelihoods the world over and the stability of the global financial system.

“This was a moment for the G20 to act with the responsibility they have as the biggest emitters, yet we only see half-measures rather than concrete urgent action,” said Friederike Roder, vice president of sustainable development advocacy group Global Citizen.

The final summit document said current national plans on how to curb emissions will have to be strengthened “if necessary” and makes no specific reference to 2050 as a date to achieve net zero carbon emissions.

“We recognise that the impacts of climate change at 1.5°C are much lower than at 2°C. Keeping 1.5°C within reach will require meaningful and effective actions and commitment by all countries,” the communique said.

                         CONSEQUENCES OF INACTION

The leaders only recognised “the key relevance” of halting net emissions “by or around mid-century”. This removed the 2050 date seen in previous versions of the final statement so as to make the target less specific.

China, the world’s biggest CO2 emitter, has set a target date of 2060, and other large polluters such as India and Russia have also not committed to the 2050 target date.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the agreement was a good signal for COP26, but Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau signalled he would have liked to see more ambition.

“There’s no question that Canada, along with a number of other countries, would have liked stronger language and stronger commitments on the fight against climate change than others,” he told reporters.

U.N. experts say that even if current national plans are fully implemented, the world is headed for global warming of 2.7C, with catastrophic consequences.

Draghi predicted that nations would keep on improving their plans to lower carbon emissions in the years ahead, adding that he was surprised by how far countries like China and Russia had shifted their stance in recent days.

“It is easy to suggest difficult things. It is very, very difficult to actually execute them,” he said.

The final G20 statement includes a pledge to halt financing of overseas coal-fired power generation by the end of this year, but set no date for phasing out coal power, promising only to do so “as soon as possible”.

This replaced a goal set in a previous draft of the final statement to achieve this by the end of the 2030s, showing the strong resistance from some coal-dependent countries

The G20 also set no date for phasing out fossil fuel subsidies, saying they will aim to do so “over the medium term”.

                         METHANE REDUCTION

On methane, which has a more potent but less lasting impact than carbon dioxide on global warming, they diluted their wording from a previous draft that pledged to “strive to reduce our collective methane emissions significantly”.

The final statement just recognises that reducing methane emissions is “one of the quickest, most feasible and most cost-effective ways to limit climate change”.

G20 sources said negotiations were tough over so-called “climate financing”, which refers to a 2009 pledge by rich nations to provide $100 billion per year by 2020 to help developing countries tackle climate change.

They have failed to meet the pledge, generating mistrust and a reluctance among some developing nations to accelerate their emissions reductions.

However, Draghi said the funding gap had narrowed to less than $20 billion and predicted it could be closed further, with wealthy nations considering using financing from the International Monetary Fund to make up the shortfall.

World leaders will kick start COP26 on Monday with two days of speeches that could include some new emissions-cutting pledges, before technical negotiators lock horns over the rules of the 2015 Paris climate accord.

The United Nations said last week greenhouse gas concentrations hit a record in 2020 and the world was “way off track” in capping rising temperatures.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale

G20. Prima giornata. Una altra disastrosa débâcle dei liberal. Contano quasi nulla.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-31.

Buco nell'acqua. Lago Berryessa. California. 001

«The G20 bloc, which includes Brazil, China, India, Germany and the United States, accounts for an estimated 80% of the global greenhouse gas emissions which scientists say must be steeply reduced to avoid climate catastrophe»

«For that reason, this weekend’s gathering is seen as an important stepping stone to the UN’s “COP26” climate summit attended by almost 200 countries, in Glasgow, Scotland, where most of the G20 leaders will fly directly from Rome»

«The latest reports are disappointing, with little sense of urgency in the face of an existential emergency, …. There is no more time for vague wish-lists, we need concrete commitments and action»

«A fifth draft of the G20’s final statement seen by Reuters on Saturday did not toughen the language on climate action compared with previous versions, and in some key areas, such as the need to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, it softened it»

«The planet’s largest carbon emitter China, is aiming for net zero in 2060, while other major polluters such as India and Russia have also not committed to the mid-century deadline»

«G20 energy and environment ministers who met in Naples in July failed to reach agreement on setting a date to phase out fossil fuel subsidies and end coal power, asking the leaders to find a resolution at this weekend’s summit»

«Some developing countries are reluctant to commit to steep emission cuts until rich nations make good on a pledge made 12 years ago to provide $100 billion per year from 2020 to help them tackle the effects of global warming»

* * * * * * *

Joe Biden ed i liberal europei avevano a suo tempo imposto al G20 l’ordine del giorno di abbandonare la estrazione e l’uso del carbone fossile.

Avevano la granitica certezza che tutti i paesi del G20 avrebbe sicuramente accettato, obtorto collo, i  loro voleri.

Ma i fatti li stanno smentendo.

Afganistan. Biden, lo zimbello del mondo. I media lo abbandonano irati. Terrorismo.

Cop26. O l’ovest paga oppure India resterà a lungo con il carbone. ~5 trilioni di Usd.

Questa nuova débâcle di Joe Biden segna la tappa epocale della perdita di controllo delle UN.

«Da venerdì Stati Uniti ed enclave liberal europea sono diventati minoranza nelle assemblee delle Nazioni Unite..

I media liberal si son chiusi in un muto silenzio, come se nulla fosse successo.

Questa è una svolta storica, epocale: adesso è la Cina a controllare la maggioranza in seno alle Nazioni Unite»

G20. Roma. Cina, Russia ed India non vogliono abbandonare il carbone.

Cina. Silura ed affonda con scherno COP26. Costruirà nuove centrali a carbone e petrolio.

* * *

Adesso sta evidenziandosi una ancor più cocente débâcle. I liberal sono rimasti isolati sul ‘clima’ e non sono riusciti a fare accettare agli altri paesi l’abbandono del carbone, punta di diamante della loro ideologia.

Questo ulteriore fallimento avrà ripercussioni mondiali: sono mutati gli equilibri del potere.

Non solo.

Sul piano della politica domestica americana stanno notandosi i segni della dissolvenza dei democratici.

Biden. Anche i democratici si stanno ribellando pensando a midterm. Trombati.

A quanto potrebbe sembrare, il futuro sarà tutto una farsa.

* * *


G20 leaders face tough climate talks on second day of summit

Rome, Oct 31 (Reuters) – Leaders of the Group of 20 major economies sit down for a second day of talks on Sunday faced with the difficult task of bridging their differences on how to combat global warming ahead of a crucial United Nations summit on climate change.

The first day of the Rome summit – the leaders’ first face-to-face gathering since the start of the COVID pandemic – focused mainly on health and the economy, while climate and the environment is front and centre of Sunday’s agenda.

Climate scientists and activists are likely to be disappointed unless late breakthroughs are made, with drafts of the G20’s final communique showing little progress in terms of new commitments to curb pollution.

The G20 bloc, which includes Brazil, China, India, Germany and the United States, accounts for an estimated 80% of the global greenhouse gas emissions which scientists say must be steeply reduced to avoid climate catastrophe.

For that reason, this weekend’s gathering is seen as an important stepping stone to the UN’s “COP26” climate summit attended by almost 200 countries, in Glasgow, Scotland, where most of the G20 leaders will fly directly from Rome.

“The latest reports are disappointing, with little sense of urgency in the face of an existential emergency,” said Oscar Soria of the activist network Avaaz. “There is no more time for vague wish-lists, we need concrete commitments and action.”

A fifth draft of the G20’s final statement seen by Reuters on Saturday did not toughen the language on climate action compared with previous versions, and in some key areas, such as the need to achieve net zero emissions by 2050, it softened it.

This mid-century target date is a goal that United Nations experts say is needed to cap global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius, seen as the limit to avoid a dramatic acceleration of extreme events such as droughts, storms and floods.

U.N. experts say even if current national plans to curb emissions are fully implemented, the world is headed for global warming of 2.7C.

The planet’s largest carbon emitter China, is aiming for net zero in 2060, while other major polluters such as India and Russia have also not committed to the mid-century deadline.

G20 energy and environment ministers who met in Naples in July failed to reach agreement on setting a date to phase out fossil fuel subsidies and end coal power, asking the leaders to find a resolution at this weekend’s summit.

Based on the latest draft, they have made little progress, pledging to “do our utmost” to stop building new coal power plants before the end of the 2030s and saying they will phase out fossil fuel subsidies “over the medium term.”

On the other hand, they do pledge to halt financing of overseas coal-fired power generation by the end of this year.

Some developing countries are reluctant to commit to steep emission cuts until rich nations make good on a pledge made 12 years ago to provide $100 billion per year from 2020 to help them tackle the effects of global warming.

That promise has still not been kept, contributing to the “mistrust” which UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said on Friday was blighting progress in climate negotiations.

The draft stresses the importance of meeting the goal and doing so in a transparent way.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale

Usa. Cnn. Cop26 è un flop. Questa volta i liberal dicono (quasi) il vero.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-28.

Buco nell'acqua. Lago Berryessa. California. 001

«→→ If Glasgow fails, then Paris also failed ←←»

La Cnn è una storica roccaforte liberal, tutta grembiulini, aborto, clima, decarbonizzazione, lgbt, vaccini, etc.

Fa specie leggere articoli di tal fatta.

* * * * * * *

«A COP flop? Covid looms over crucial climate talks as some key leaders snub the event»

«world leaders together to make new commitments to save the planet»

«There are also worries over the symbolic absence of several key leaders»

«Chinese President Xi Jinping, leader of the world’s largest emitter, is unlikely to attend, having not left the country since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic»

«The pandemic is part of the reason some world leaders say they won’t attend»

«Russian President Vladimir Putin and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro have confirmed they aren’t coming, while yet to confirm are Mexico’s Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida»

«If a world leader chooses not to attend for whatever reason, it sends a very clear signal that climate simply isn’t at the top of their priority list and depletes the momentum going into the summit»

«”It cannot be entirely coincidental that many of those reluctant to attend COP in person happen to lead countries that are high emitters or producers of fossil fuels»

«But even by that metric, the picture is bleak. Saudi Arabia made a pledge to achieve net zero on Sunday, but only by 2060, which scientists say is 10 years too late»

«We need hard commitments from India, Saudi Arabia, China, South Africa, Brazil on switching to clean energy and helping poorer countries make the switch»

«Ambition is one thing; real-world action — like cutting coal, scrapping cars, planting trees and putting money on the table — is what matters now»

«→→ If Glasgow fails, then Paris also failed ←←»

«That’s hardly a sign of global unity on climate»

* * * * * * *

Cop26. O l’ovest paga oppure India resterà a lungo con il carbone. ~5 trilioni di Usd.

«→→ If Glasgow fails, then Paris also failed ←←»

Questa frase sommarizza il punto centrale in poche parole.

Joe Biden e Mr Johnson aveva posto attese smisurate sul successo di Cop26, essendosi convinti di poter ancora imporre a tutto l’orbe terracqueo la loro Weltanschauung.

Il flop di Cop26 è il loro flop, sarà un’altra debacles di Joe Biden, che si somma a tutte le altre.

La Harris-Biden Administration ha appena perso la maggioranza in seno alle Nazioni Unite, maggioranza saldamente adesso in mano alla Cina ed ai suoi alleati.

Questa nuova débâcle di Joe Biden segna la tappa epocale della perdita di controllo delle UN.

Si deve constatare come il potere politico dei liberal si trovi adesso ad essere confinato nella loro ristretta enclave.

Che quella sia il loro ‘mondo’ possono crederselo più che bene, ma che quello sia il ‘mondo’ se lo dovranno ben togliere dalla testa.

I liberal occidentali sono sicuramente liberi di suicidarsi: nessuno li fermi!

* * * * * * *

A COP flop? Covid looms over crucial climate talks as some key leaders snub the event.

Just months ago, consensus was growing that COP26 would be a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to hit the reset button on the climate crisis, bringing world leaders together to make new commitments to save the planet.

While the summit in Glasgow, Scotland, is still of vital importance in the battle against climate change, there is now a question mark on whether it will adequately put flesh on the bones of the 2015 Paris Agreement, which is its main purpose.

During a summer of extreme weather and new science showing that climate change is happening faster than we previously understood, there was a real sense that COP26 would be a huge moment for the global community to come together and lay out clear, real-world actions to halve emissions over this decade with the aim of keeping global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. But less than a week out, things are looking shaky.

British government officials shared with CNN their concerns that some of the most important nations in the G20 have yet to disclose their updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) on cutting emissions with just days to go until the summit kicks off.

There are also worries over the symbolic absence of several key leaders. Chinese President Xi Jinping, leader of the world’s largest emitter, is unlikely to attend, having not left the country since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic.

British officials had hoped that the UK’s successful vaccine rollout and the broader global response to the pandemic would mean the summit would go ahead as close to normal as possible. However, in recent weeks, the UK’s infection rate has soared and last week the country saw its deadliest day since March. The consequences of lifting almost all Covid restrictions before summer and returning life to normal have become impossible to ignore.

Ministers are now facing calls to impose further restrictions, and Health Secretary Sajid Javid has floated the possibility of introducing vaccine passports and other measures for those most vulnerable to the virus.

Questions are now being raised over how this all might affect COP26, which 25,000 people are expected to attend amid planned mass protests, as well as potential rail and bus strikes.

The pandemic is part of the reason some world leaders say they won’t attend. Russian President Vladimir Putin and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro have confirmed they aren’t coming, while yet to confirm are Mexico’s Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida — all G20 leaders who are significant in the climate discourse because of their countries’ emissions, fossil fuel production, or both.

“If a world leader chooses not to attend for whatever reason, it sends a very clear signal that climate simply isn’t at the top of their priority list and depletes the momentum going into the summit,” says Mark Lynas, author of the book “Our Final Warning: Six Degrees of Climate Emergency.”

“It cannot be entirely coincidental that many of those reluctant to attend COP in person happen to lead countries that are high emitters or producers of fossil fuels,” Lynas says.

Underscoring the importance of COP26, Lynas says that Glasgow’s gathering “won’t just be a shindig where people can pose for photos,” but our “last real chance of setting out measures to meet the commitments made in Paris” of limiting warming to 1.5C and halving emissions by 2030.

UK government officials have played down the significance of any specific no-shows, stating that what really matters are commitments on emissions and spending that accompany any national delegation. They are awake to the fact, however, that Glasgow needs real-world commitments to match the rhetoric of Paris, and anything resembling a lack of seriousness from some of the most powerful or big-emitting countries sets the tone for an unsuccessful summit.

But even by that metric, the picture is bleak. Saudi Arabia made a pledge to achieve net zero on Sunday, but only by 2060, which scientists say is 10 years too late. And as China unveiled its climate road map the same day, it failed to mention any actual increase in its ambitions on slashing greenhouse gas emissions, despite vowing to cut fossil fuel use to 20% by 2060.

Lynas reasons that as the scientific consensus on climate change is now even more comprehensive than in 2015, the only reason anyone might be reluctant to make the necessary commitments is “short-term financial considerations.”

Lynas isn’t alone in his belief of how serious this moment is.

“This COP must be very honest about how little time we actually have,” says Mary Robinson, a former UN High Representative on human rights, and campaigner for climate justice.

“It’s not just a step along the way, but the moment we need to come good on Paris and commit to even more ambitious goals. We need hard commitments from India, Saudi Arabia, China, South Africa, Brazil on switching to clean energy and helping poorer countries make the switch. There is no wriggle room left.”

At this late stage ahead of COP26, it’s not just Covid putting the summit at risk.

The global energy crisis has served as a reminder that there are very few ready-to-use alternatives to gas and coal, while data shows that without serious government intervention, humans are not ready to stop burning fossils any time soon.

A report backed by the UN and published earlier this year revealed that, despite commitments made in Paris and a reduction due to the global pandemic, “emissions are rapidly recovering” and are “nowhere close to reduction targets.” Meanwhile, “greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere continue at record levels, committing the planet to dangerous future warming.”

That’s why COP26 is so important. As UN Secretary-General António Guterres puts it, unless something happens in this “critical year for climate action,” then “limiting warming to 1.5°C will be impossible, with catastrophic consequences for people and the planet on which we depend.”

There has been much focus on to what extent the summit in Glasgow will be a success for Boris Johnson, given he is hosting this critical meeting. However, British government officials pointed out to CNN, not unreasonably, that Glasgow is about proving whether the commitments made in Paris are possible. Ambition is one thing; real-world action — like cutting coal, scrapping cars, planting trees and putting money on the table — is what matters now. If Glasgow fails, then Paris also failed.

For all the optimism surrounding COP26 earlier this year, as the event gets nearer, the mood music isn’t great. Multiple sources have told CNN that fossil fuel producing countries have been fighting against any firm language committing to the 1.5C target, and China has publicly accused the US and UK of moving goalposts from the original top end of 2C in Paris.

Reports have emerged in British media that some of the world’s biggest coal producing nations are trying to water down the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) forthcoming report of findings that threaten their national economic interest. Some of those nations — Australia, Brazil, Saudi Arabia and Japan — happen to be the same ones that either failed to update their emissions-cutting pledges or have done so without any meaningful increase in their pledges.

That’s hardly a sign of global unity on climate.

COP26 comes as the world reaches a point of no return. If the commitments in the Paris Agreement are not met, then, the vast majority of the science suggests, it will be too late to curb the long-term impact of global warming.

What must be exasperating for Johnson is that as he gets ready to host this summit of huge importance, the solution to the greatest threat humanity faces is well known and perfectly achievable. It just relies on his fellow global leaders caring enough. And somehow, in 2021, that is not something that can be banked on.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, India, Russia

G20. Roma. Cina, Russia ed India non vogliono abbandonare il carbone.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-22.

Buco nell'acqua. Lago Berryessa. California. 001

Buco nell’acqua.


Il G20 è la periodica riunione dei venti stati economicamente più progrediti a livello mondiale.

La riunione che si terrà dal 30 al 31 ottobre a Roma non verterà però sui problemi economici mondiali, come la stagflazione e la crisi del debito pubblico.

Tutto il programma è centrato sull’abbandono del carbone quale fonte energetica.

Ma sembrerebbe essere verosimile che sia un grandioso buco nell’acqua.

Cina, Russia ed India non intendono minimamente abbandonare il carbone quale fonte energetica.

Né Mr Xi né Mr Putin saranno presenti.

* * * * * * *

«Rome G20 precedes UN ‘COP 26’ climate meeting in Scotland»

«Phasing out coal a big hurdle ahead of Rome Oct. 30-31 meeting»

«Chinese, Russian leaders unlikely to be in Rome»

«The Group of 20 rich countries are divided over phasing out coal and committing to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius as they prepare for a crucial summit in Rome next week»

«The need to curb emissions will be high on the agenda of the Rome G20 gathering on Oct. 30-31, seen as a key stepping stone immediately ahead of broader United Nations climate talks, called COP 26, to be held in Glasgow, Scotland»

«So far big polluters such as China and India have dug in their heels and little progress has been made»

«the problem is in the commitment to 1.5 degrees and in the phase out of coal and fossil fuels by China, India and Russia»

«They also failed to reach unanimous agreement on fixing dates to end fossil fuel subsidies, halt international financing of coal projects and phase out coal power altogether»

«→→ At least four G20 leaders are not expected to come to Rome, including China’s Xi Jinping, at the helm of the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, head of the largest energy producer ←←»

«→→ Neither Russia, China nor India have committed to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050 ←←»

«→→ So far China is proving most reluctant to commit to the 1.5 degree ceiling, while India is most intransigent in not pledging net zero emissions by 2050 ←←»

* * * * * * *

Senza un accordo con Cina, Russia ed India, sarà una riunione utile solo a sancire la morte del ‘clima’, sempre poi che sia mai esistito.

* * * * * * *


G20 split over coal, 1.5 degree climate limit ahead of Rome summit – sources.

– Rome G20 precedes UN ‘COP 26’ climate meeting in Scotland

– Phasing out coal a big hurdle ahead of Rome Oct. 30-31 meeting

– Progress seen unlikely before sherpas meet next week

– Chinese, Russian leaders unlikely to be in Rome

*

Rome, Oct 21 (Reuters) – The Group of 20 rich countries are divided over phasing out coal and committing to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius as they prepare for a crucial summit in Rome next week, sources familiar with the negotiations said.

The need to curb emissions will be high on the agenda of the Rome G20 gathering on Oct. 30-31, seen as a key stepping stone immediately ahead of broader United Nations climate talks, called COP 26, to be held in Glasgow, Scotland.

So far big polluters such as China and India have dug in their heels and little progress has been made since G20 energy and environment ministers met in Naples in July, said three sources, asking not to be named due to the sensitivity of the talks.

“Countries are not moving, at the moment they are still just making sure their positions are heard loud and clear,” said one of the sources.

However he added that such intransigence was normal at this stage and any concessions were unlikely to come before G20 climate sherpas meet face-to-face next Thursday and Friday, immediately before their leaders’ weekend meeting.

“Where I see the problem is in the commitment to 1.5 degrees and in the phase out of coal and fossil fuels by China, India and Russia,” said another source, a G20 minister.

In Naples, energy and environment ministers recognised the desirability of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees but fell short of a clear commitment to achieve the goal.

They also failed to reach unanimous agreement on fixing dates to end fossil fuel subsidies, halt international financing of coal projects and phase out coal power altogether, asking leaders to bridge the gaps at the upcoming Rome summit.

                         BIG-HITTERS STAY HOME.

At least four G20 leaders are not expected to come to Rome, including China’s Xi Jinping, at the helm of the world’s biggest greenhouse gas emitter, and Russia’s Vladimir Putin, head of the largest energy producer.

One source said while such absences were “not a great political signal,” they would not necessarily prevent progress.

Neither Russia, China nor India have committed to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2050, considered a vital goal in limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees.

So far China is proving most reluctant to commit to the 1.5 degree ceiling, while India is most intransigent in not pledging net zero emissions by 2050, one of the sources said.

China and India are also among a group of countries that have not yet presented new national plans, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) ahead of COP 26, on how they will help curb climate change.

The COP26 president, Britain’s Alok Sharma, said in a speech this month the G20, which accounts for 80% of global emissions, would be “make, or break” for achieving success in Glasgow.

However, one of the sources said breakthroughs were more likely in Glasgow than in Rome.

Big emitters like China, India and Russia tend to feel pressured and hectored by the Western countries at the G20, he said, making them defensive and reluctant to concede ground.

The much larger UN forum was more “neutral” and conducive to compromise, he said.

The Rome G20 will also focus on the coronavirus pandemic and how to foster global economic recovery, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, who will chair the meeting, said on Wednesday.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Dushanbe. Russia e Cina integrano l’Iran nello SCO. Altra débâcle irredimibile di Joe Biden.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-27.

2021-09-27__ Iran entra nello SCO 001

Leaders Of Russia, China-Led Security Blocs Meet To Discuss Afghanistan

«Russia and its Central Asian allies have launched two days of talks in the Tajik capital to discuss the situation in Afghanistan a month after Taliban militants entered Kabul and seized power in the war-torn country.

Leaders of the Russian-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) met for a summit in the Tajik capital on September 16, to be followed a day later by a gathering of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which includes China. ….

Founded in 2001, the SCO initially consisted of China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan before India and Pakistan joined in 2017. ….

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi, whose country is an observer member of the SCO and keen to join the grouping, will attend the gathering.»

* * *

Iran to gain Central Asia clout with entry into SCO security club.

«Iran is set to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization led by China and Russia as a full member, a move experts say will give Tehran more influence over Central Asia — including war-torn neighbor Afghanistan.

“Today, we will launch procedures to admit Iran as a member state of the SCO, and Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Qatar as new dialogue partners,” Chinese President Xi Jinping said via video link on Friday, addressing the SCO Council of Heads of State in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

Xi said he was confident the “growing SCO family” would “be the builders of world peace, contributors to global development and defenders of the international order,” according to an English translation shared by China’s official Xinhua News Agency.»

* * *

Russia. Pakistan, Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union.

«Russia e Cina stanno sviluppando un grandioso progetto strategico per l’erezione di una Greater Eurasian Partnership volta a riunire in una comunità di intenti e di reciproci benefici tutte le popolazioni euroasiatiche, ossia più di quattro miliardi di persone. I loro sono diplomatici dilungo corso, passati attraverso dure selezioni, ben diversi dai ministri degli esteri occidentali, che, tra l’altro, stanno in carica per tempo molto limitato, cambiando di volta in volta l’indirizzo politico.

*

Ad oriente prese dapprima campo la Sco, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, nata come meccanismo per favorire la risoluzione di dispute territoriali tra i sei paesi aderenti – Cina, Russia, Kazakistan, Kirghizistan, Tagikistan e Uzbekistan – l’organizzazione è andata progressivamente istituzionalizzandosi, intensificando la cooperazione tra i suoi membri tanto su questioni di sicurezza quanto in ambiti come quello economico, energetico e culturale.

Mesi addietro, senza alcuna tromba trionfante, ha preso corpo il Rcep. …

Adesso sta emergendo il progetto strategico russo della Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union. Come dicono i nomi stessi, sono un piano che si articolerà su decenni, ma che saranno decenni di crescita comune.

“The Greater Eurasian Partnership has two broad economic goals. First, it aims to connect Russia and the EAEU to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Its second, lesser goal is to move beyond China and connect the EAEU with Iran, India, and Southeast Asia.”»

* * * * * * *

                         In sintesi.

– Stati Uniti ed Europa hanno da lunga pezza annoverato l’Iran tra gli stati canaglia, fomentatori del terrorismo, colpendolo con un totale bando e coprendolo di sanzioni.

– Russia e Cina lo hanno invece ammesso a pieno titolo nello Sco, e di lì nella Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union, una unione politica, militare ed economica, organizzazioni basate sulla non ingerenza negli affari interni e su rapporti paritetici.

– Sono improvvisamente mutati gli equilibri geopolitici mondiali a favore del Blocco Euroasiatico.

– Questa ulteriore débâcle della Harris-Biden Administration evidenzia molto chiaramente quanto poco pesino sia gli Stati Uniti sia l’Unione Europea.

Lasciamo alla arguta penna di Maurizio Blondet la descrizione dettagliata della risposta sinorussa all’Aukus.

*


La risposta di Russia e Cina all’AUKUS.

                         Integrano l’Iran

 Il magistrale pezzo di Pepe Escobar che ha seguito l’incontro della Shanghai Cooperation Organization e Dushanbe. Titolo originale:

                         L’Eurasia prende forma: come la SCO ha appena ribaltato l’ordine mondiale

Sotto lo sguardo di un Occidente senza timone, la riunione del ventesimo anniversario dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione di Shanghai è stata focalizzata su due risultati chiave: dare forma all’Afghanistan e dare il via a un’integrazione eurasiatica a spettro completo.

Pepe Escobar

I due momenti salienti dello storico vertice del 20 ° anniversario dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione di Shanghai (SCO) a Dushanbe, in Tagikistan, dovevano venire dai discorsi programmatici di – chi altro – i leader del partenariato strategico Russia-Cina.

Xi Jinping: “Oggi avvieremo le procedure per ammettere l’Iran come membro a pieno titolo della SCO”.

Vladimir Putin: “Vorrei sottolineare il Memorandum d’intesa firmato oggi tra il Segretariato della SCO e la Commissione Economica Eurasiatica. È chiaramente progettato per promuovere l’idea della Russia di stabilire un partenariato della Grande Eurasia che copra la SCO, l’EAEU (Unione economica eurasiatica), l’ASEAN (Associazione delle nazioni del sud-est asiatico) e l’iniziativa Belt and Road della Cina (BRI).”

In breve, durante il fine settimana, l’Iran è stato sancito nel suo legittimo ruolo eurasiatico principale e tutti i percorsi di integrazione eurasiatica sono convergenti verso un nuovo paradigma geopolitico e geoeconomico globale,.

(MB – L’Iran ha oggi due alleati veri, che si chiamano Russia e Cina. Sarà più difficile per Israele indurre gli americani a “bomb, bomb, bomb Iran” e fare canagliate come a uno stato-paria e isolato. Anche la speranza di Biden di trattare di nuovo gli accordi sul nucleare iraniano (che Teheran ha adempiuto fedelmente e Trump ha rotto) strappando a Teheran in cambio della levata delle sanzioni, in più, la rinuncia di missili di portata tale da colpire Israele, non è più praticabile. L’Iran con a fianco la Cina, cliente del suo petrolio e largitrice di investimenti, + può resistere a questo genere di ricatti)

“Dushanbe si è rivelato come l’ultimo crossover diplomatico. Il presidente Xi ha rifiutato con fermezza qualsiasi “lezione supponente” e ha sottolineato percorsi di sviluppo e modelli di governance compatibili con le condizioni nazionali. Proprio come Putin, ha sottolineato il focus complementare di BRI e EAEU, e di fatto ha sintetizzato un vero Manifesto multilateralista per il Sud del mondo.

Proprio sul punto, il presidente Kassym-Jomart Tokayev del Kazakistan ha osservato che la SCO dovrebbe promuovere “lo sviluppo di una macroeconomia regionale”. Ciò si riflette nella spinta della SCO a iniziare a utilizzare le valute locali per il commercio, aggirando il dollaro USA.

                         Guarda quel quadrilatero

Dushanbe non è stato solo un letto di rose. L’Emomali Rahmon del Tagikistan, fedele musulmano laico ed ex membro del Partito Comunista dell’URSS – al potere da non meno di 29 anni, rieletto per la quinta volta nel 2020 con il 90% dei voti – ha subito denunciato la “sharia medievale” dei talebani 2.0 e hanno affermato di aver già “abbandonato la loro precedente promessa di formare un governo inclusivo”.

Rahmon … era già al potere quando i talebani conquistarono Kabul nel 1996. Era obbligato a sostenere pubblicamente i suoi cugini tagiki contro l’”espansione dell’ideologia estremista” in Afghanistan – che di fatto preoccupa tutti i membri della SCO -afferma quando si tratta di distruggere loschi abiti jihadisti di stampo ISIS-K.

La polpa della questione a Dushanbe era nei bilaterali – e un quadrilatero.

Prendi il bilaterale tra il ministro degli Esteri indiano S. Jaishankar e il FM cinese Wang Yi. Jaishankar ha affermato che la Cina non dovrebbe vedere “le sue relazioni con l’India attraverso la lente di un paese terzo” e si è preoccupato di sottolineare che l’India “non sottoscrive alcuna teoria dello scontro di civiltà”.

È stata una vendita piuttosto difficile considerando che il primo vertice Quad si svolge questa settimana a Washington, DC, ospitato da quel “paese terzo” che ora è immerso nel profondo della modalità di scontro di civiltà contro la Cina.

Il primo ministro pakistano Imran Khan è satto in una serie di bilaterali: ha incontrato i presidenti di Iran, Bielorussia, Uzbekistan e Kazakistan. La posizione diplomatica ufficiale del Pakistan è che l’Afghanistan non dovrebbe essere abbandonato, ma impegnato.

Quella posizione aggiungeva sfumature a quanto aveva spiegato l’inviato presidenziale speciale russo per gli affari della SCO Bakhtiyer Khakimov sull’assenza di Kabul al tavolo della SCO: “In questa fase, tutti gli Stati membri hanno capito che non ci sono ragioni per un invito finché non c’è un legittimo, governo generalmente riconosciuto in Afghanistan”.

E questo ci porta all’incontro chiave della SCO: un quadrilatero con i ministri degli Esteri di Russia, Cina, Pakistan e Iran.

Il ministro degli Esteri pakistano Qureshi ha affermato: “Stiamo monitorando se tutti i gruppi sono inclusi o meno nel governo [afgano]”. Il nocciolo della questione è che, d’ora in poi, Islamabad coordinerà la strategia della SCO sull’Afghanistan e farà da intermediario nelle trattative talebane con i leader di spicco tagiki, uzbeki e hazara. Questo alla fine aprirà la strada verso un governo inclusivo riconosciuto a livello regionale dai paesi membri della SCO.

Il presidente iraniano Ebrahim Raisi è stato accolto calorosamente da tutti, specialmente dopo il suo energico discorso programmatico, un classico dell’Asse della Resistenza. Il suo rapporto bilaterale con il presidente bielorusso Aleksandr Lukashenko ruotava attorno a una discussione sul “confronto delle sanzioni”. Secondo Lukashenko: “Se le sanzioni hanno fatto del male alla Bielorussia, all’Iran e ad altri paesi, è stato solo perché ne siamo responsabili noi stessi. Non sempre siamo stati negoziabili, non sempre abbiamo trovato la strada da percorrere sotto la pressione delle sanzioni».

Considerando che Teheran è pienamente informata sul ruolo della SCO di Islamabad in termini di Afghanistan, non ci sarà bisogno di schierare la brigata Fatemiyoun – informalmente conosciuta come Afghan Hezbollah – per difendere gli Hazara sciiti. Fatemiyoun si è formata nel 2012 ed è stata determinante in Siria nella lotta contro Daesh, soprattutto a Palmyra. Ma se ISIS-K non scompare, questa è una storia completamente diversa.

Particolarmente importante per i membri della SCO Iran e India sarà il futuro del porto di Chabahar. Questa rimane la mossa cripto-Via della seta dell’India per collegarla all’Afghanistan e all’Asia centrale. Il successo geoeconomico di Chabahar dipende più che mai da un Afghanistan stabile – ed è qui che gli interessi di Teheran convergono pienamente con la spinta SCO di Russia-Cina.

Ciò che la Dichiarazione SCO di Dushanbe del 2021 ha enunciato sull’Afghanistan è rivelatore:

L’Afghanistan dovrebbe essere uno stato indipendente, neutrale, unito, democratico e pacifico, libero da terrorismo, guerra e droga.

È fondamentale avere un governo inclusivo in Afghanistan, con rappresentanti di tutti i gruppi etnici, religiosi e politici della società afgana.

Gli Stati membri della SCO, sottolineando l’importanza dei molti anni di ospitalità e assistenza efficace forniti dai paesi regionali e vicini ai rifugiati afghani, considerano importante che la comunità internazionale si impegni attivamente per facilitare il loro ritorno dignitoso, sicuro e sostenibile al loro patria.

Per quanto possa sembrare un sogno impossibile, questo è il messaggio unificato di Russia, Cina, Iran, India, Pakistan e i vari ‘stan’ dell’Asia centrale. Si spera che il primo ministro pakistano Imran Khan sia all’altezza del compito e pronto per il suo primo piano della SCO.

                         Quella tormentata penisola occidentale

Le Nuove Vie della Seta sono state lanciate ufficialmente otto anni fa da Xi Jinping, prima ad Astana – ora Nur-Sultan – e poi a Giacarta.

Questo è il modo in cui l’ho segnalato all’epoca.

L’annuncio è arrivato vicino a un vertice della SCO, poi a Bishkek. La SCO, ampiamente liquidata a Washington e Bruxelles come un semplice talk shop, stava già superando il suo mandato originale di combattere le “tre forze del male” – terrorismo, separatismo ed estremismo – e comprendeva la politica e la geoeconomia.

Nel 2013 c’è stata una trilaterale Xi-Putin-Rouhani. Pechino ha espresso pieno sostegno al programma nucleare pacifico dell’Iran (ricordate, questo è stato due anni prima della firma del Piano d’azione congiunto globale, noto anche come JCPOA).

Nonostante molti esperti all’epoca lo negassero, c’era davvero un fronte comune Cina-Russia-Iran in Siria (Asse di Resistenza in azione). Lo Xinjiang veniva promosso come snodo chiave per l’Eurasian Land Bridge. Il gasdotto è stato al centro della strategia cinese, dal petrolio del Kazakistan al gas del Turkmenistan. Alcune persone potrebbero persino ricordare quando Hillary Clinton, in qualità di Segretario di Stato, si è pronunciata in modo lirico su una Nuova Via della Seta a propulsione americana.

Ora confrontare il Manifesto del Multilateralismo di Xi a Dushanbe otto anni dopo, e ricordare come la SCO “ha dimostrato di essere un ottimo esempio di multilateralismo nel 21 ° secolo”, e “ha svolto un ruolo importante nel migliorare la voce dei paesi in via di sviluppo. ”

L’importanza strategica di questo vertice SCO che si terrà subito dopo l’Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) a Vladivostok non può essere sopravvalutata abbastanza. L’EEF si concentra, ovviamente, sull’Estremo Oriente russo e sostanzialmente promuove l’interconnessione tra Russia e Asia. È un fulcro assolutamente chiave del partenariato eurasiatico della Russia.

Una cornucopia di accordi è all’orizzonte: l’espansione dall’Estremo Oriente all’Artico e lo sviluppo della rotta del Mare del Nord, e coinvolgendo tutto, dai metalli preziosi e l’energia verde alla sovranità digitale che scorre attraverso i corridoi logistici tra Asia ed Europa attraverso la Russia.

Come ha suggerito Putin nel suo discorso programmatico, questo è ciò che riguarda la Greater Eurasia Partnership: l’Unione economica dell’Eurasia (EAEU), la BRI (Belt and Road Initiative), l’iniziativa dell’India, l’ASEAN e ora la SCO, che si sviluppa in una rete armonizzata, gestita in modo cruciale da “sovrano centri decisionali”.

                         Grande Asia di sovrani ed eguali

Quindi, se la BRI propone una “comunità di futuro condiviso per il genere umano” molto taoista, il progetto russo, concettualmente, propone un dialogo di civiltà (già evocato dagli anni di Khatami in Iran) e progetti economico-politici sovrani. Sono, infatti, complementari.

Glenn Diesen, professore all’Università della Norvegia sudorientale e redattore della rivista Russia in Global Affairs, è tra i pochissimi studiosi di spicco che stanno analizzando in profondità questo processo. Il suo ultimo libro racconta in modo straordinario l’intera storia nel suo titolo: L’ Europa come la penisola occidentale della Grande Eurasia: regioni geoeconomiche in un mondo multipolare .

Non è chiaro se gli eurocrati di Bruxelles – schiavi dell’atlantismo e incapaci di cogliere le potenzialità della Grande Eurasia – finiranno per esercitare una reale autonomia strategica.

Diesen evoca in dettaglio i paralleli tra la strategia russa e quella cinese. Fa notare come la Cina “sta perseguendo un’iniziativa geoeconomica a tre pilastri sviluppando la leadership tecnologica attraverso il suo piano China 2025, nuovi corridoi di trasporto attraverso la sua Belt and Road Initiative da trilioni di dollari e stabilendo nuovi strumenti finanziari come banche, sistemi di pagamento e internazionalizzazione. dello yuan. Allo stesso modo, la Russia sta perseguendo la sovranità tecnologica, sia nella sfera digitale che oltre, così come nuovi corridoi di trasporto come la rotta del Mare del Nord attraverso l’Artico e, soprattutto, nuovi strumenti finanziari”.

L’intero Sud del mondo, stordito dal crollo accelerato dell’Impero occidentale e dal suo ordine unilaterale basato su regole, sembra ora pronto ad abbracciare il nuovo solco, pienamente mostrato a Dushanbe: una Grande Eurasia multipolare di sovrani eguali.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, India, Russia

Brics. 13mo Summit, con novità. Vogliono un ruolo politico internazionale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-09.

BRICS 001

Il Club dei Brics è formato da Cina, Brasile, Russia, India e South Africa.

«Together, the five-nation group accounts for almost a quarter of the world’s total GDP and over 16% of world trade»

* * * * * * *

«Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9»

«The leaders are expected to discuss issues such as counterterrorism, reforming multilateral organizations like the UN or the IMF, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic and regional developments»

«When the term was first coined, BRIC referred to the four prominent emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China. South Africa was added in 2010»

«Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which will also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa»

«India has outlined four priority areas for its chairship including reforms for multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, counterterrorism and using technology to achieve sustainable development goals, according to India’s Ministry of External Affairs»

«it is expected that Afghanistan could be on the agenda»

«The fate of BRICS has diverged since the first summit was held in Russia more than a decade ago. While China and India have grown exponentially, Russia, Brazil and South Africa have stumbled in exerting their influence on the global economy»

* * * * * * *

Cina. Un j’accuse ferocemente e brutalmente rude, e vero, contro gli Stati Uniti.

Cina. Si avvia alla maggioranza nelle Nazioni Unite.

Rappresentando il 25% circa del Pil mondiale ed il 16% dei commerci mondiali, i Brics si apprestano adesso a svolgere anche un ruolo politico globale. È questa una grande svolta.

La Cina da sola può contare su quasi la metà dei voti in aula alle Nazioni Unite, ed i Brics dovrebbero avere la maggioranza dei votanti.

L’operazione sul Fondo Monetario potrebbe essere più difficile, ma i Brics non dovrebbero poter essere ignorati più a lungo.

I tempi stanno mutando molto velocemente.

*


China’s Xi Jinping to attend virtual BRICS summit chaired by India

– Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9.

– Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which would also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa.

– The leaders are expected to discuss issues such as counterterrorism, reforming multilateral organizations like the UN or the IMF, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic and regional developments.

*

Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9, the country’s foreign ministry said Wednesday.

When the term was first coined, BRIC referred to the four prominent emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China. South Africa was added in 2010. Together, the five-nation group accounts for almost a quarter of the world’s total GDP and over 16% of world trade.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which will also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa. India currently holds the group’s rotating chairship.

India has outlined four priority areas for its chairship including reforms for multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, counterterrorism and using technology to achieve sustainable development goals, according to India’s Ministry of External Affairs.

“In addition to these areas, the leaders will also exchange views on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and other current global and regional issues,” the MEA said Monday.

While the Indian ministry did not specify which global or regional issues would be discussed, it is expected that Afghanistan could be on the agenda. Developments in Kabul are likely to directly impact China, India and Russia.

India’s national security advisor Ajit Doval will present at the summit.

Modi previously chaired the BRICS summit in 2016 in Goa. Last year, the meeting shifted to a virtual format due to the pandemic.

The fate of BRICS has diverged since the first summit was held in Russia more than a decade ago. While China and India have grown exponentially, Russia, Brazil and South Africa have stumbled in exerting their influence on the global economy.

Meanwhile, the relationship between China and India deteriorated last year following border clashes high in the Himalayas.