Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

UAE. Usa sospende la vendita degli F-35. Gli Emirati hanno rapporti con la Cina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-23.

Emirati Arabi Uniti 003

Dotarsi di sofisticati apparecchi da caccia è solo marginalmente un fatto tecnico ed economico.

Significa aprirsi ad una partnership di durata ultradecennale. Non è solo questione di pezzi di ricambio e manutenzione: significa soprattutto la dipendenza dalla  rete delle comunicazioni militari e dai sistemi radar, ivi compresi quelli satellitari.

Infine, dopo la fuga dall’Afganistan e l’abbandono degli alleati, ben pochi si fidano ancora di Joe Biden.

* * * * * * *

È stato Putin a suggerire agli Usa di dotarsi degli F-35.

Emirati Arabi. Ordinati 60 Rafale alla Francia.

* * * * * * *

«U.S. partnership with the UAE was more strategic and complex than a weapons sale»

«The UAE had signed an agreement to purchase 50 F-35 jets and up to 18 armed drones»

«The United Arab Emirates has informed the United States that it will suspend discussions to acquire F-35 fighter jets, a UAE official said on Tuesday, part of a $23 billion deal that also includes drones and other advanced munitions»

«The sale of 50 F-35 warplanes made by Lockheed Martin to the UAE had slowed amid concerns in Washington over Abu Dhabi’s relationship with China, including use of Huawei 5G technology in the country»

«The U.S. remains the UAE’s preferred provider for advanced defense requirements and discussions for the F-35 may be re-opened in the future»

«for several months sticking points between the United States and the UAE revolved around how the stealthy jets can be deployed and how much of the sophisticated F-35 technology the Emiratis will be allowed to take advantage of»

* * * * * * *

Come abbiamo detto, il problema è geopolitico militare.

Tuttavia i tempi sono mutati, e sarebbe impossibile il non prendere atto che la Cina esiste.

* * * * * * *


UAE told the U.S. it will suspend talks on F-35 jets – Emirati official.

Dubai/Washington, Dec 14 (Reuters) – The United Arab Emirates has informed the United States that it will suspend discussions to acquire F-35 fighter jets, a UAE official said on Tuesday, part of a $23 billion deal that also includes drones and other advanced munitions.

The sale of 50 F-35 warplanes made by Lockheed Martin (LMT.N) to the UAE had slowed amid concerns in Washington over Abu Dhabi’s relationship with China, including use of Huawei 5G technology in the country.

“Technical requirements, sovereign operational restrictions, and cost/benefit analysis led to the re-assessment,” the UAE official said in a statement to Reuters that confirmed a report in the Wall Street Journal.

“The U.S. remains the UAE’s preferred provider for advanced defense requirements and discussions for the F-35 may be re-opened in the future,” the official said, adding there were discussions to “address mutual defense security conditions for the acquisition”.

A person briefed on the negotiations said for several months sticking points between the United States and the UAE revolved around how the stealthy jets can be deployed and how much of the sophisticated F-35 technology the Emiratis will be allowed to take advantage of. The person asked not to be identified by name or by association with either country.

The UAE had signed an agreement to purchase 50 F-35 jets and up to 18 armed drones, people familiar with the situation told Reuters in January.

Earlier, at the Pentagon, spokesman John Kirby had said the U.S. partnership with the UAE was more strategic and complex than a weapons sale and Washington was committed to working with Abu Dhabi to address their questions.

“We will always insist, as a matter of statutory requirements and policy, on a variety of end use requirements,” Kirby said.

He added that a meeting between U.S. and UAE officials at the Pentagon later this week was set to be about broad topics but anticipated that the weapons sale would come up.

Kirby referred questions about details of specific arms sales to the State Department.

A State Department official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said that the Biden administration was committed to the proposed sales of the F-35 aircraft along with the MQ-9B and munitions.

“We are hopeful that we can work through any outstanding issues,” the official said.

Lockheed Martin Corp referred requests for comment to the U.S. and UAE governments.

The UAE, one of Washington’s closest Middle East allies, had long expressed interest in acquiring the stealthy F-35 jets, and was promised a chance to buy them in a side deal when it agreed to normalize relations with Israel in August 2020.

Pubblicato in: Diplomazia, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

Iraq. Militari americani cessano di combattere e diventano istruttori.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-19.

Iraq Britannica 001

«U.S.-led forces have ended their combat mission in Iraq, a move that transfers all remaining troops into a training and advising role»

«Western security officials and diplomats say privately that this will make little difference to the number of troops stationed in the country»

«The U.S.-led coalition began its mission in 2014 to defeat Islamic State»

«Since the group’s military defeat in 2017, Islamic State fighters have been unable to hold territory but are waging a continued low-level insurgency that regularly kills Iraqi soldiers and civilians in remote mountain and desert areas»

«there is no longer a justification for Western forces to be in Iraq»

«As we complete our combat role, we will remain here to advise, assist, and enable the ISF (Iraqi security forces), at the invitation of Republic of Iraq»

«U.S. President Joe Biden and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi sealed an agreement in July to formally end the U.S. combat mission in Iraq by the end of 2021»

«Western security and diplomatic officials say that calling the shift a withdrawal, as it has sometimes been characterized by the Iraqi government, is misleading because it changes little in terms of the number of forces based in Iraq»

«The U.S. has kept around 2,500 troops in Iraq since 2020»

* * * * * * *

Un contingente di 2,500 militari è una forza quasi simbolica.

D’altra parte, queste truppe, ancorché impiegate come istruttori, continuano sempre a restare in Iraq, ed al bisogno potrebbero riprendere immediatamente i combattimenti.

Al di là dei termini usati, nei fatti quasi nulla è cambiato.

* * * * * * *


U.S.-led troops end Iraq combat mission, as planned – military officials.

Baghdad, Dec 14. (Reuters) – U.S.-led forces have ended their combat mission in Iraq, a move that transfers all remaining troops into a training and advising role, Iraqi military commanders and officials from the coalition led by the United States said on Thursday.

Western security officials and diplomats say privately that this will make little difference to the number of troops stationed in the country – currently more than 2,000 – since those forces have had limited involvement in any combat operations for the last couple of years.

The U.S.-led coalition began its mission in 2014 to defeat Islamic State, after the militants took over vast areas of Iraq and neighbouring Syria.

Since the group’s military defeat in 2017, Islamic State fighters have been unable to hold territory but are waging a continued low-level insurgency that regularly kills Iraqi soldiers and civilians in remote mountain and desert areas.

The coalition has also come under dozens of rocket and drone attacks by Iran-backed Shi’ite militias that helped defeat the Sunni extremist Islamic State and which say there is no longer a justification for Western forces to be in Iraq.

“As we complete our combat role, we will remain here to advise, assist, and enable the ISF (Iraqi security forces), at the invitation of Republic of Iraq,” coalition commander Major General John W. Brennan, Jr. said in a statement.

Iraqi commander Lieutenant General Abdul Amir al-Shammari said Iraqi forces were ready to handle the Islamic State threat.

“Today, we renew our partnership with the Coalition, who are now serving in a new capacity – with a mission to advise, assist, and enable our brave military warriors,” he said.

U.S. President Joe Biden and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi sealed an agreement in July to formally end the U.S. combat mission in Iraq by the end of 2021.

Iraqi Shi’ite militants have vowed to wage new attacks against coalition forces in 2022.

Western security and diplomatic officials say that calling the shift a withdrawal, as it has sometimes been characterized by the Iraqi government, is misleading because it changes little in terms of the number of forces based in Iraq.

The U.S. has kept around 2,500 troops in Iraq since 2020. The Western officials say that most of those forces have been operating only in a training and advising role for some time.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

Arabia Saudita. Biden ritira i missili Patriot, lasciandola indifesa. È inaffidabile.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-14.

2021-09-14__ Arabia Saudita 001

«U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia»

«America’s Gulf Arab allies nervously watched the chaotic withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan»

Chi mai si fiderà più di Joe Biden?

Usa. Nonfarm Payrolls 253,000. La débâcle economica di Joe Biden.

Usa. Corte Suprema rifiuta di bloccare la legge del Texas che limita l’aborto.

Cina. Biden travolto da critiche interne ed estere per la vergognosa débâcle in Afganistan.

Usa. Biden. La Cnn accusa l’Amministrazione delle femmine di mancanza di ‘competenza’.

Usa. The New York Times accusa Biden di aver detto detto cose false

Afganistan. Biden, lo zimbello del mondo. I media lo abbandonano irati. Terrorismo.

Afganistan. La débâcle americana è peggio del Vietnam. È devoluzione dell’America.

Biden. Questa fuga dall’Afganistan fa crollare la credibilità degli Stati Uniti. Persino nei media.

* * * * * * *

«The U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia in recent weeks, even as the kingdom faced continued air attacks from Yemen’s Houthi rebels, satellite photos analyzed by The Associated Press show»

«The redeployment of the defenses from Prince Sultan Air Base outside of Riyadh came as America’s Gulf Arab allies nervously watched the chaotic withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan»

«Gulf Arab nations worry about the U.S.’s future plans as its military perceives a growing threat in Asia that requires those missile defenses»

«And the perception is very clear that the U.S. is not as committed to the Gulf as it used to be in the views of many people in decision-making authority in the region»

«Prince Sultan Air Base, some 115 kilometers (70 miles) southeast of Riyadh, has hosted several thousand U.S. troops since a 2019 missile-and-drone attack on the heart of the kingdom’s oil production»

«Just southwest of the air base’s runway, a 1-square-kilometer (third-of-a-square-mile) area set off by an earthen berm saw American forces station Patriot missile batteries, as well as one advanced Terminal High Altitude Area Defense unit»

«even while acknowledging the withdrawal of the American missile defense systems»

«I think we need to be reassured about American commitment …. That looks like, for example, not withdrawing Patriot missiles from Saudi Arabia at a time when Saudi Arabia is the victim of missile attacks and drone attacks»

«Saudi Arabia maintains its own Patriot missile batteries and typically fires two missiles at an incoming target. That’s become an expensive proposition amid the Houthi campaign, as each Patriot missile costs more than $3 million»

«While Greece agreed in April to lend a Patriot missile battery to Saudi Arabia, the timing of the U.S. withdrawals comes amid wider uncertainty over the American posture in the region»

«that came as quite a disappointment to partners and allies around the world»

* * * * * * *

Questi fatti sono sotto gli occhi di tutti. Ne enucleiamo alcuni di maggiore interesse, che esponiamo per punti.

– La resa incondizionata ai Talibani e la caotica fuga dall’Afghanistan hanno evidenziato quanto Joe Biden e la sua amministrazione siano inaffidabili. “Il modo ancor mi offende”.

– Tutti gli alleati degli Stati Uniti si aspettano solo di essere traditi a loro volta.

– Il ritiro dei missili Patriot dall’Arabia Saudita, lasciandola sguarnita proprio mentre è sotto attacco, è solo l’ultimo esempio: che tutti gli altri ne prendano atto.

– Gli Stati Uniti hanno costruito un numero troppo limitato sia di missili Patriot, sia di missili Terminal High Altitude Area Defense.

Essere bollati di essere incompetenti ed inaffidabili è il peggior sfregio che Joe Biden ha inferto alla America.

*


US pulls missile defenses in Saudi Arabia amid Yemen attacks.

Satellite photos analyzed by The Associated Press show the U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia in recent weeks.

*

Dubai, United Arab Emirates — The U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia in recent weeks, even as the kingdom faced continued air attacks from Yemen’s Houthi rebels, satellite photos analyzed by The Associated Press show.

The redeployment of the defenses from Prince Sultan Air Base outside of Riyadh came as America’s Gulf Arab allies nervously watched the chaotic withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, including their last-minute evacuations from Kabul’s besieged international airport.

While tens of thousands of American forces remain across the Arabian Peninsula as a counterweight to Iran, Gulf Arab nations worry about the U.S.’s future plans as its military perceives a growing threat in Asia that requires those missile defenses. Tensions remain high as negotiations appear stalled in Vienna over Iran’s collapsed nuclear deal with world powers, raising the danger of future confrontations in the region.

“Perceptions matter whether or not they’re rooted in a cold, cold reality. And the perception is very clear that the U.S. is not as committed to the Gulf as it used to be in the views of many people in decision-making authority in the region,” said Kristian Ulrichsen, a research fellow at the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University.

“From the Saudi point of view, they now see Obama, Trump and Biden — three successive presidents — taking decisions that signify to some extent an abandonment.”

Prince Sultan Air Base, some 115 kilometers (70 miles) southeast of Riyadh, has hosted several thousand U.S. troops since a 2019 missile-and-drone attack on the heart of the kingdom’s oil production. That attack, though claimed by Yemen’s Houthi rebels, appears instead to have been carried out by Iran, according to experts and physical debris left behind. Tehran has denied launching the attack, though a drill in January saw Iranian paramilitary forces use similar drones.

Just southwest of the air base’s runway, a 1-square-kilometer (third-of-a-square-mile) area set off by an earthen berm saw American forces station Patriot missile batteries, as well as one advanced Terminal High Altitude Area Defense unit, according to satellite images from Planet Labs Inc. A THAAD can destroy ballistic missiles at a higher altitude than Patriots.

A satellite image seen by the AP in late August showed some of the batteries removed from the area, though activity and vehicles still could be seen there. A high-resolution Planet Lab satellite picture taken Friday showed the batteries’ pads at the site empty, with no visible activity.

A redeployment of the missiles had been rumored for months, in part due to a desire to face what American officials see as the looming “great powers conflict” with China and Russia. However, the withdrawal came just as a Houthi drone attack on Saudi Arabia wounded eight people and damaged a commercial jetliner at the kingdom’s airport in Abha. The kingdom has been locked in a stalemate war with the Houthis since March 2015.

Pentagon spokesperson John Kirby acknowledged “the redeployment of certain air defense assets” after receiving questions from the AP. He said the U.S. maintained a “broad and deep” commitment to its Mideast allies.

“The Defense Department continues to maintain tens of thousands of forces and a robust force posture in the Middle East representing some of our most advanced air power and maritime capabilities, in support of U.S. national interests and our regional partnerships,” Kirby said.

In a statement to the AP, the Saudi Defense Ministry described the kingdom’s relationship with the U.S. as “strong, longstanding and historic” even while acknowledging the withdrawal of the American missile defense systems. It said the Saudi military “is capable of defending its lands, seas and airspace, and protecting its people.”

“The redeployment of some defense capabilities of the friendly United States of America from the region is carried out through common understanding and realignment of defense strategies as an attribute of operational deployment and disposition,” the statement said.

Despite those assurances, Saudi Prince Turki al-Faisal, the kingdom’s former intelligence chief whose public remarks often track with the thoughts of its Al Saud ruling family, has linked the Patriot missile deployments directly to America’s relationship to Riyadh.

“I think we need to be reassured about American commitment,” the prince told CNBC in an interview aired this week. “That looks like, for example, not withdrawing Patriot missiles from Saudi Arabia at a time when Saudi Arabia is the victim of missile attacks and drone attacks — not just from Yemen, but from Iran.”

U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, on a tour of the Mideast in recent days, had been slated to go to Saudi Arabia but the trip was canceled due to what American officials referred to as scheduling problems. Saudi Arabia declined to discuss why Austin’s trip didn’t happen after the withdrawal of the missile defenses.

Saudi Arabia maintains its own Patriot missile batteries and typically fires two missiles at an incoming target. That’s become an expensive proposition amid the Houthi campaign, as each Patriot missile costs more than $3 million. The kingdom also claims to intercept nearly every missile and drone launched at the kingdom, an incredibly high success rate previously questioned by experts.

While Greece agreed in April to lend a Patriot missile battery to Saudi Arabia, the timing of the U.S. withdrawals comes amid wider uncertainty over the American posture in the region. Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab countries have renewed diplomacy with Iran as a hedge.

“I think we saw in Biden’s statements on Afghanistan, the way he said things that he’s clearly going to put U.S. interests first and obviously that came as quite a disappointment to partners and allies around the world who maybe hoped for something different after Trump,” said Ulrichsen, the research fellow. “He sounds quite similar to an ‘America First’ approach, just sort of a different tone.”

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Diplomazia, Medio Oriente

Israele. Attivati i primi voli commerciali con il Marocco.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-03.

Gufo_019__

«Two Israeli airlines have launched their first commercial flights between Israel and Morocco, less than a year after the countries officially normalized relations»

«The Israeli flight departed from Tel Aviv to Marrakech with about 100 Israeli tourists, the company said, adding that Israel’s national carrier El Al sent its first direct flight to the same destination»

«the new direct flights would “help advance fruitful tourism, trade and economic cooperation and diplomatic agreements between the two countries.”»

«Israel and Morocco agreed to normalize relations in late 2020 as part of the US-brokered “Abraham Agreement”»

«Morocco was one of four Arab countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, that established diplomatic relations with Israel»

«the United States agreed to recognize Morocco’s claim to the long-disputed Western Sahara region, although the Biden administration said it would review the decision»

«Morocco’s 1975 annexation of Western Sahara is not recognized by the United Nations»

«Many Israeli Jews have ancestry that traces back to Morocco, which is still home to a small Jewish community of several thousands»

«El Al …. plans to operate five flights per week between Israel and Morocco»

* * * * * * *

Le notizie che riportano progressi nel processo di pace in Medio Oriente sono sempre benvenute.

L’instaurarsi degli scambi di ambasciatori è stato il primo passo, ma l’inizio dei collegamenti da Tel Aviv a Marrakech ha anche un ulteriore aspetto piacevole: apre la strada ad un flusso turistico di circa cinquecento turisti la settimana. Per il momento.

È un segno della crescente fiducia reciproca, che permetterà ai due popoli di conoscersi e stimarsi sempre meglio.

Poi, il Marocco ha molte attrattive turistiche degne di nota.

* * * * * * *


Israeli airlines launch first direct flights to Morocco

Two Israeli airlines have launched their first commercial flights between Israel and Morocco, less than a year after the countries officially normalized relations.

Jerusalem – Two Israeli airlines launched their first commercial flights between Israel and Morocco on Sunday, less than a year after the countries officially normalized relations.

The Israeli flight departed from Tel Aviv to Marrakech with about 100 Israeli tourists, the company said, adding that Israel’s national carrier El Al sent its first direct flight to the same destination.

Israel’s tourism minister, Joel Rajozov, said the new direct flights would “help advance fruitful tourism, trade and economic cooperation and diplomatic agreements between the two countries.”

Israel and Morocco agreed to normalize relations in late 2020 as part of the US-brokered “Abraham Agreement”. Morocco was one of four Arab countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, that established diplomatic relations with Israel.

As part of the deal, the United States agreed to recognize Morocco’s claim to the long-disputed Western Sahara region, although the Biden administration said it would review the decision. Morocco’s 1975 annexation of Western Sahara is not recognized by the United Nations.

Many Israeli Jews have ancestry that traces back to Morocco, which is still home to a small Jewish community of several thousands.

El Al said in a statement ahead of the departure of its first flight that the company plans to operate five flights per week between Israel and Morocco.

Avigal Sorek, CEO of El Al, said, “We hope that now many people can get to know Morocco better, to experience and be excited about this special country that is deeply rooted in Israel’s heritage, culture and experience. Is.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

Biden. Lega Araba sostiene l’Arabia Saudita che rigetta il Report US su Khashoggi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-04.

Biden 001

Giorni or sono lo U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) ha rilasciato un Report in cui indica il Principe Ereditario Saudita Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud come il mandante dell’omicidio del giornalista Jamal Khashoggi.

L’Arabia Saudita ha smentito categoricamente codesta assunzione.

Adesso anche la Lega Araba si schiera a favore dell’Arabia Saudita contro la illazione dell’Odni, ripresa a gran voce da Biden, che ha drasticamente condannato il Principe Ereditario Saudita Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud in quanto non ligio alla osservanza degli ‘humans rights’.

La lega Araba non è organizzazione religiosa, politica ed economica da poco.

Ad essa aderiscono ventidue stati, Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria (suspended), Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, ai quali si aggiungono cinque stati osservatori, ossia Armenia, Brazil, Eritrea, India, Venezuela.

La lega Araba raggruppa un po’ più di 420 milioni di persone e nel 2016 aveva una Pil ppp di 6,500 miliardi Usd Int.

*

Così si esprime il leader della Lega Araba, Ahmed Aboul-Gheit:

«Saudi judicial authorities are the only ones in charge of holding those involved in Khashoggi case accountable»

«Human rights issues should not be politicized»

«ODNI is not authorized to issue international rulings or verdicts»

«Saudi Arabia’s foreign ministry strongly rejected the U.S. report, saying it contained “inaccurate information and conclusions»

* * * * * * *

Assieme alla maggioranza liberal democratica che lo sostiene, Biden si è erto a giudice supremo ed inappellabile della condotta di tutte le altre nazioni, quando queste non aggradassero l’ideologia professata dai liberal.

Sono orami ben poche le nazioni che gli Stati Uniti di Biden non hanno ancora sanzionato: è un modo del tutto originale di perseguire una politica estera.

Ma il resto del mondo non solo non condivide, ma osteggia apertamente questa Weltanschauung di Biden.

«is not authorized to issue international rulings or verdicts»

* * * * * * *


Arab League backs Saudi Arabia’s rejection of U.S. report on Khashoggi killing.

CAIRO, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) — Arab League (AL) Secretary General Ahmed Aboul-Gheit expressed on Saturday support for Saudi Arabia’s rejection of a recent U.S. intelligence report on the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in 2018.

“Saudi judicial authorities are the only ones in charge of holding those involved in Khashoggi case accountable,” the AL chief said in a statement.

The 4-page report, released by the U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), indicates that Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud approved the operation in Istanbul, Turkey, “to capture or kill Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.”

Aboul-Gheit said that the ODNI is not authorized to issue international rulings or verdicts.

“Human rights issues should not be politicized,” the AL secretary-general emphasized.

On Friday, Saudi Arabia’s foreign ministry strongly rejected the U.S. report, saying it contained “inaccurate information and conclusions.”

Khashoggi, a columnist for The Washington Post, was murdered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in October 2018, and a number of top Saudi officials were arrested in connection with the case.

In early September 2020, Saudi Arabia’s Public Prosecution issued final verdicts against eight convicts in Khashoggi’s killing, five of whom were sentenced to 20 years in jail and the other three from seven to 10 years. Enditem

Pubblicato in: Cina, Medio Oriente

Qatar e Cina. Si prospetta una partnership strategica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-02-25.

Golfo Persico Qatar 001

«Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani on Saturday held a meeting with visiting senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi, during which the two sides vowed to boost cooperation and deepen the China-Qatar strategic partnership»

«Yang, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s cordial greetings to the Qatari emir»

«Yang said that under the personal care and guidance of the leaders of the two countries, the China-Qatar ties have witnessed rapid development in terms of pace and depth, with political mutual trust constantly strengthened and pragmatic cooperation displaying strong vitality»

«He noted that China supports Qatar in exploring independently a development path suited to its national conditions, and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and security»

«China supports Qatar in playing a bigger role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to work together with Qatar to practice multilateralism with concrete actions and safeguard the common interests of developing countries»

«Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests»

* * * * * * *

Il Qatar ha una posizione geografica strategica nel Golfo Persico, fatto questo che aumenta il valore di avere buoni rapporti politici ed economici.

Xinhua è sempre molto sobria nel riportare i fatti, ma una frase è patognomonica.

«Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests»

Si tenga anche conto come il Qatar voti in sede Onu, e come in tale assise abbia numerosi amici.

*


Qatar, China vow to enhance cooperation, deepen strategic partnership

DOHA, Feb. 20 (Xinhua) — Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani on Saturday held a meeting with visiting senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi, during which the two sides vowed to boost cooperation and deepen the China-Qatar strategic partnership.

Yang, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s cordial greetings to the Qatari emir.

Yang said that under the personal care and guidance of the leaders of the two countries, the China-Qatar ties have witnessed rapid development in terms of pace and depth, with political mutual trust constantly strengthened and pragmatic cooperation displaying strong vitality.

He noted that China supports Qatar in exploring independently a development path suited to its national conditions, and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and security.

China is ready to work with Qatar to boost the coordination of development strategies, deepen cooperation in the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as well as in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, and constantly enrich the content of the China-Qatar strategic partnership, the senior Chinese diplomat said.

Yang expressed China’s full support to Qatar in hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup, pledging that China will continue to support Chinese companies in overcoming the challenges created by the pandemic in order to complete the construction of the relevant stadiums on schedule with high quality.

China supports Qatar in playing a bigger role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to work together with Qatar to practice multilateralism with concrete actions and safeguard the common interests of developing countries, Yang noted.

He also voiced China’s support to the efforts by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to strengthen solidarity and cooperation, and jointly promote regional stability and development.

For his part, the Qatari emir asked Yang to convey his sincere regards to President Xi Jinping.

He said that Qatar is eager to further develop its relations with China, deepen strategic communication, enhance mutually beneficial cooperation in the fields of energy, investment, digital economy, culture and infrastructure construction within the BRI framework, and continuously seek new progress in advancing the China-Qatar strategic partnership.

Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests, the Qatari leader said.

He also expressed Qatar’s willingness to strengthen coordination with China on international occasions to jointly promote world peace and stability.

On the same day, Yang also met with Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, Qatari deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs, to hold in-depth exchange of views on the bilateral relations and issues of common interest. Enditem.

Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale, Medio Oriente, Problemia Energetici

Emirati Arabi Uniti. Entrata in funzione la prima centrale atomica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-08-06.

Emirati Arabi Uniti 003

«La centrale nucleare di Barakah è la prima centrale nucleare degli Emirati Arabi Uniti, è situata presso la città di Braka, a 53 km ad ovest dalla città di Ruwanis. Il sito è attualmente in costruzione, dovrebbe essere composto da 4 reattori APR1400 per complessivi 5400 MW. ….

Gli Emirati Arabi Uniti hanno in programma di iniziare dal 2017 un programma di elettrogenerazione da fonte nucleare per diversificare le fonti di produzione elettrica, investire ingenti capitali in funzione all’aumento della domanda elettrica (negli ultimi anni attorno al 9% annuo), che sarebbe altrimenti sopperito solo tramite centrali a gas. Il programma prevede la costruzione di 16 centrali nucleari entro il 2040 ….

Il contratti è del valore di 20,4 miliardi $, mentre a marzo 2010 è stato aggiudicato un contratto da 5.59 miliardi $ a Hyundai e Samsung per la costruzione dei primi siti. La Kepco ha affermato che le ragioni della vittoria della gara sono da riscontrare in una più elevata producibilità elettrica, minor costo più breve tempo di costruzione tra i vari offerenti. I siti sono finanziati dallo stato senza bisogno di finanziamenti, ma con alcuni partner coreani. Entro il 2020 gli Emirati ritengono di avere 4 reattori APR1400 in funzione che producono elettricità ad un costo pari ad un quarto rispetto al gas» [Fonte]

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Il futuro energetico del mondo si sta orientando a passi fermi e decisi verso il nucleare “pietra miliare nel cammino per fornire energia pulita alla nazione“. Inoltre, i reattori nucleari “producono elettricità ad un costo pari ad un quarto rispetto al gas“.

Cina. Centrali elettriche nucleari. 37 reattori attivi, 60 in costruzione, 179 programmati.

Nucleare, la Cina raggiunge la Russia al quarto posto mondiale per numero di reattori.

Cina. In funzione a Taishan il primo reattore nucleare Epr.

Nigeria. Nuove centrali nucleari.

Nigeria, Russia sign nuclear power plants pact – Osaisai.

Russia. Penetrazione in Africa costruendovi centrali atomiche.

Russia’s nuclear play for power in Africa.

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Pur avendone avuto per decenni il monopolio, l’occidente ha volutamente rinunciato alla progettazione e costruzione di centrali atomiche, smantellando inoltre quelle già esistenti.

Sono state scelte ideologiche, che peseranno per lungo tempo e che hanno comportato l’uscita de facto da questo mercato.

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Emirati, attiva prima centrale nucleare del mondo arabo

Si trova a 300 km da Abu Dhabi.

Gli Emirati arabi uniti hanno annunciato l’entrata in funzione della loro prima centrale nucleare che ha anche la prima del mondo arabo. L’impianto si trova a Barakah, vicino la città di Braka, sulla costa del Golfo Persico, a 300 km da Abu Dhabi. “Gli Emirati sono riusciti con successo ad accendere il primo reattore della centrale di Barakha, la prima del mondo arabo”, ha twittato il premier Mohammed bin Rashid al Maktoum.

Per Hamad Alkaabi, rappresentante degli Emirati arabi presso l’Agenzia internazionale per l’energia atomica la centrale nucleare “è una pietra miliare nel cammino per fornire energia pulita alla nazione”. Il progetto sarebbe dovuto partire nel 2017 ma ha subito diversi ritardi. A febbraio il via libera la primo dei quattro reattori della centrale di Barakah. La Nawah Energy Company, che gestisce l’impianto, ha spiegato che dopo una serie di test cominceranno anche le operazioni commerciali.

La centrale è la prima del mondo arabo: l’Arabia Saudita, il principale esportatore mondiale di petrolio, ha dichiarato che prevede di costruire fino a 16 reattori nucleari ma non ha ancora avviato nessun progetto.

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Eau. Avviata la prima centrale nucleare del mondo arabo.

A circa 300 km da Abu Dhabi, nei pressi della città di Braka, gli Emirati Arabi Uniti hanno avviato al prima centrale nucleare del mondo arabo. Lo ha annunciato il premier Mohammed bin Rashid al-Maktoum, il quale ha riferito che “Gli Emirati sono riusciti con successo ad accendere il primo reattore della centrale di Barakah”, gestita dalla Nawah Energy Company.
L’impianto è composto da 4 reattori Apr1400 per complessivi 5.400 MW, ed il rappresentante degli Emirati arabi presso l’Agenzia internazionale per l’energia atomica la centrale nucleare, Hamad al-Kaabi ha affermato su Twitter che si tratta di “una pietra miliare nel cammino per fornire energia pulita alla nazione”.

In Medio Oriente è ormai corsa al nucleare con Egitto, Turchia e Arabia Saudita impegnati in progetti per la costruzione di centrali nucleari, anche perché la domanda è crescente ed il petrolio non è infinito.

Anche l’Iran, crisi economica permettendo, è impegnato con al russa Rosatom per la costruzione di nuove centrali e per l’ampliamento di quella esistente a Busher, la cui costruzione era iniziata ad opera delle tedesche Ag Siemens, TyssenKrupp negli anni Settanta e che è stata ripresa e consegnata dalla Rosatom nel 2013.

Pubblicato in: Materie Prime, Medio Oriente

Aramco dimezza il prezzo del butano e del propano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-04-03.

Saudi Aramco 001

«Il propano è un idrocarburo alifatico di formula CH3CH2CH3 appartenente alla serie degli alcani lineari saturi. A temperatura ambiente ed a pressione atmosferica standard (1 atm a 20-25 °C) il composto appare come un gas incolore ed inodore, che può essere tuttavia facilmente liquefatto per compressione. ….

 Il propano è presente in natura come componente del gas naturale e del petrolio grezzo, da cui viene estratto per distillazione frazionata, ed è inoltre il costituente principale del gas di petrolio liquefatto (GPL), miscela idrocarburica comunemente ottenuta dal petrolio largamente utilizzata come combustibile. ….

Il propano è un idrocarburo alifatico di formula CH3CH2CH3 appartenente alla serie degli alcani lineari saturi. A temperatura ambiente ed a pressione atmosferica standard (1 atm a 20-25 °C) il composto appare come un gas incolore ed inodore, che può essere tuttavia facilmente liquefatto per compressione. ….

 Il propano è presente in natura come componente del gas naturale e del petrolio grezzo, da cui viene estratto per distillazione frazionata, ed è inoltre il costituente principale del gas di petrolio liquefatto (GPL), miscela idrocarburica comunemente ottenuta dal petrolio largamente utilizzata come combustibile.

Il propano trova svariati impieghi in molteplici ambiti, sia puro che in miscela, tendenzialmente con altri idrocarburi. Viene principalmente utilizzato come combustibile, come mezzo refrigerante (identificato dal codice R290) e come carburante in miscela con altre sostanze, prime tra tutte il butano. Oltre al suo utilizzo come carburante e refrigerante, il composto trova impiego a livello industriale anche come solvente, come propellente e come intermedio di reazione nelle sintesi organiche» [Fonte]

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«Con il termine butano ci si riferisce ad un qualunque alcano avente formula bruta C4H10 o per antonomasia all’isomero lineare, chiamato più propriamente n-butano o ad una qualunque miscela dei due isomeri strutturali (n-butano e isobutano) corrispondenti a tale formula.

Il butano si ottiene per distillazione frazionata dal petrolio e dal gas naturale. ….

A temperatura e pressione ambiente è un gas incolore ma meno inodore del propano, essendo tuttavia molto facile da liquefare (avendo una temperatura di liquefazione prossima a 0 °C) ….

Avendo un elevato potere calorifico, viene usato generalmente sotto forma di GPL (miscelato con propano e pentano) come carburante per automobili e come combustibile, sia per usi domestici che industriali, nonché per alimentare fornelli e lampade da campeggio.

Identificato dalla sigla R600, trova impiego anche come fluido refrigerante in sostituzione dei freon.» [Fonte]

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Il GPL, Gas di Petrolio Liquefatto, è una miscela di idrocarburi, principalmente propano e butano.

I principali vantaggi del GPL si individuano nella sua versatilità che ne consente l’utilizzo per riscaldare e raffrescare gli ambienti, cuocere cibi produrre energia e far funzionare apparecchiature industriali; nel suo alto potere calorifico che consente di avere grandi quantità di energia a fronte di limitate quantità di prodotto; nelle suo basso impatto ambientale, nella possibilità di essere stoccato in spazi ridotti e trasportato ovunque, anche dove non arriva la rete del metano.

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Saudi Aramco sets April propane price at $230 a tonne.

Saudi Arabia’s state oil giant Aramco has set its April propane price at $230 a tonne, down from $430 a tonne in March, the company said on Tuesday.

Aramco has set April butane at $240 a tonne, down from $480 a tonne in March.

The prices provides a benchmark against which Middle East sales of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) to Asia are gauged.

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Saudi Aramco sets Mar propane CP at $430/mt, butane at $480/mt

Singapore — Saudi Aramco on Sunday set its March contract price for propane at $430/mt, down $75/mt from February, and the butane CP at $480/mt, $65/mt lower month on month.

The March propane and butane CPs were well within traders’ expectations.

Traders had expected the March propane CP to be set between $420/mt and $450/mt, and the butane CP to be between $460/mt and $500/mt.

The propane and butane CPs recorded the second month on month fall in March, after a fall in the February CP snapped four consecutive months of gains.

Aramco had set the propane CP for March 2019 at $490/mt and butane at $520/mt, S&P Global Platts data showed.

Aramco’s CPs , which set the price of propane and butane lifted from the Saudi ports of Yanbu, Ras Tanura and Ju’aymah under term supply contracts, are closely watched by the market as they tend to set a base level for pricing for most markets east of Suez.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Medio Oriente

Israele. Benny Gantz avrebbe 61 su 120 voti per formare un governo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-18.

Gerusalemme 001

Israele presenta da diverse decine di anni un quadro politico ove due fazioni rivali che raccolgono un consenso virtualmente identico. Si formano a fatica i governi, e questi hanno una maggioranza di uno o poco più deputati. Nell’ultimo anno tre consecutive votazioni hanno dato risultati inconcludenti.

«Israeli opposition leader Benny Gantz received an official mandate on Monday to try to form Israel’s next government, and called on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to join him in a unity administration»

«In a sharp blow to Netanyahu, who had declared victory in a March 2 election, 61 of parliament’s 120 legislators voiced support for Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party»

«But Gantz’s backers include opposing forces – the Joint List of Arab parties, and the far-right Yisrael Beiteinu faction led by former defense minister Avigdor Lieberman – that complicate efforts to form a viable government without wider support»

«I give you my word, I will do all in my ability to establish within a few days as broad and patriotic a government as possible»

«The time has come for an end to empty words, …. It’s time to set aside our swords and unite our tribes and defeat hatred»

Come la maggior parte degli stati europei, Israele è una ulteriore prova di quanto il sistema elettorale proporzionale sia del tutto inadeguato a garantire la possibilità di un governo stabile.

Non solo, ma a ben pensarci è anche la negazione di ogni principio democratico.

Ci spieghiamo meglio.

Per essere nazioni democratiche, nelle elezioni le formazioni politiche devono enunciare con chiarezza il loro programma, sulla cui base gli Elettori daranno il voto. Ma con il sistema elettorale proporzionale quasi invariabilmente i partiti sono obbligati a formare, dopo le elezioni, coalizioni che ne snaturano i programmi e che, se chiarite prima del voto, avrebbero potuto alienarlo. In altri termini, l’Elettore vota una delega in bianco, e questo genera di fatto una oligarchia non eletta. Sistema comodo per le élite, ma antidemocratico nell’essenza.

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Israel’s president tasks Netanyahu rival Gantz with forming government.

Israeli opposition leader Benny Gantz received an official mandate on Monday to try to form Israel’s next government, and called on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to join him in a unity administration.

In a sharp blow to Netanyahu, who had declared victory in a March 2 election, 61 of parliament’s 120 legislators voiced support for Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party, in consultations with Israeli President Reuven Rivlin on Sunday.

At a televised ceremony, Rivlin gave Gantz 28 days, with the option of a two-week extension, to assemble a ruling coalition.

But Gantz’s backers include opposing forces – the Joint List of Arab parties, and the far-right Yisrael Beiteinu faction led by former defense minister Avigdor Lieberman – that complicate efforts to form a viable government without wider support.

Netanyahu and Lieberman have proposed a six-month “national emergency government” grouping Blue and White and the prime minister’s right-wing Likud party, to confront the coronavirus crisis.

“I give you my word, I will do all in my ability to establish within a few days as broad and patriotic a government as possible,” Gantz said at the nomination ceremony, without going into details.

Israel has held three inconclusive elections in less than a year, and Netanyahu faces a criminal indictment on corruption charges, which he denies.

Gantz, who in failed coalition negotiations with Netanyahu after a national ballot in September insisted on serving first as prime minister in a “rotating” leadership arrangement, called on his rival to agree to a unity deal now.

“The time has come for an end to empty words,” Gantz said at the ceremony. “It’s time to set aside our swords and unite our tribes and defeat hatred.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Medio Oriente

Greggio. Crude Oil 26.9, Brent 28.6, Natural Gas 1.839, Gasoline 0.75.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-17.

2020-03-17__Commodities 001

Il titolo del sito Oil Price è tutto un programma:

Is $10 Oil On The Horizon?

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«After having instructed Aramco to boost production to unseen levels, Saudi Arabia now plans to boost oil exports in May to a record 10 million barrels per day, causing oil prices to fall once again»

La guerra del petrolio continua imperterrita.

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Oil Plunges As Saudis Boost Exports To Record High

After having instructed Aramco to boost production to unseen levels, Saudi Arabia now plans to boost oil exports in May to a record 10 million barrels per day, causing oil prices to fall once again.

In order to achieve this level of exports, the Kingdom is trying to reduce its domestic consumption, which it expects to replace with natural gas from the Fadhili gas plant. 

Saudi Arabia’s Energy Ministry issued a statement on Tuesday claiming that “Saudi Arabia will utilize the gas produced from the Fadhili gas plant to compensate for around 250,000 barrels a day of domestic oil consumption, which will enable the Kingdom to increase its crude exports during the coming few months to exceed 10 million barrels a day,”.

Saudi Arabia may struggle to free up more crude oil for exports in the next couple of months as power consumption is set to increase during the hottest months of the year in the country (May to September). According to the EIA, in 2018, Saudi Arabia reported burning an average of 0.4 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil for power generation, the lowest amount since at least 2009.

In the meantime, natural gas consumption has been rising steadily since 2009, and is expected to rise this decade.

Riyadh has made a 180-degree turn in the last two weeks, after its proposal to deepen the OPEC+ output cut deal by 1.5 million bpd got rejected by Moscow, which despite the gloomy demand picture in oil markets saw no reason to make additional production cuts.

Saudi Arabia’s decision to flood an already woefully oversupplied market has effectively started an oil price war in which Riyadh is aiming to squeeze any competition out of core markets such as Europe and Asia. The Kingdom followed up on its threat to flood the markets with oil by chartering as many as 31 supertankers to ship the extra crude.

In the last couple of days, Aramco has offered their Arab Light and Arab Heavy blends for between $25 and $28 dollar per barrel in Europe, and today’s announcement to increase exports to 10 million bpd could send prices even lower.

This scorched earth tactic from Saudi Arabia is quite surprising, given the fact that the Kingdom has consistently overcomplied with its OPEC+ production quota, which saw its total crude exports fall below 7 million barrels per day in January/February.

As the pain for oil exporters continues to increase, it is unlikely that Saudi Arabia nor Russia will unilaterally take action to once again cut production, as neither of them will want to be seen to have lost the oil price war.

Bob McNally, former energy advisor for President George W. Bush and founder of Rapidan Group was quoted by CNBC as saying that “National prestige is involved here, honor is involved and political power is involved. And political leaders will suffer costs in a war if they believe they are pursuing a greater and more important aim,”.

With none of the parties planning to return to the negotiating table, what is next for oil?

Most likely, prices are set to fall further until most high-cost producers are squeezed out of the market, or at least until either Riyadh or Moscow can claim some sort of victory by inflicting sufficient damage to opponents.

In the short term, this will likely mean that both Saudi Arabia and Russia and even the UAE will continue to flood the market, or even talk them down in case they cannot free up more oil for exports and that oil prices will fall into the lower $20s, or below.

In its second price forecast in less than two weeks, investment bank Goldman Sachs slashed its price outlook for WTI to just $22 per barrel in Q2, while cutting its outlook for Brent oil to just $20 per barrel.

Goldman cited the combination of the Covid-19 oil demand shock and the price war as the reason for its lower forecast. The bank also believes that oil is likely to stay lower for longer as it will take a long time for inventories to come down again.