Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Medio Oriente, Russia

Iran, Russia e Turkia. Sono la pulpite purulenta di Joe Biden che li odia di odio impotente.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-23.

Caravaggio. Narciso 002

«Questo è il ritratto ovidiano che ha eternato la figura di Narciso, mitico giovinetto della Beozia, la cui storia, già nota in epoca ellenistica, ci è pervenuta per iscritto tramite le fonti di età imperiale in diverse varianti, tra cui quelle di Conone e di Pausania, poi riprese da altri autori come Luciano e Plotino. Nelle Metamorfosi si narra che questo ragazzo di indescrivibile bellezza, macchiatosi di superbia, la greca Hýbris, per aver sempre respinto tutti i suoi pretendenti, venne punito dalla dea Ramnusia che lo condannò ad innamorarsi della sua immagine riflessa in una fonte; consunto, anch’egli come i suoi spasimanti, da un amore irrealizzabile, e totalmente incapace di distinguere il vero dall’illusione, Narciso si lasciò morire, pianto dalle Naiadi e dalle Driadi, le Ninfe delle acque e delle piante, le quali, però, una volta pronte a tributargli gli onori funebri, ritrovarono sulla pira da ardere solo un fiore giallo cinto da petali bianchi: il giovane si era tramutato in un narciso.» [Fonte]

* * * * * * *

Quanto sta accadendo deve essere valutato nel ben più vasto scenario mondiale. Il gruppo Brics ha ricevuto richieste di adesione da parte di Iran, Argentina, Egitto, Arabia Saudita e Turkia.

Si è formato in questa maniera un gruppo coordinato che insieme ai già membri Brasile, Cina, India, Russia e Sud Africa governerebbe quasi il settanta per cento delle risorse petrolifere ed energetiche mondiali e di gran parte delle materie prime.

Questo gruppo di dieci stati sovrani ma economicamente coordinati dispone di un Pil Ppp di 60,453.574 miliardi, contro quello americano di 25,346.805 miliardi e quello europeo di 23,730.275 miliardi.

Scopo finale è la estromissione dell’America, e ci stanno riuscendo molto bene. Joe Biden odia di odio luciferino, inter alias, Turkia ed Iran. Ma essendo questo un odio impotente, Joe Biden sta provando ora sulla terra l’anteprima di ciò che il futuro gli riserva all’inferno. Ma non si trasformerà in un narciso.

* * * * * * *

Il Ministro degli Esteri iraniano Javad Zarif si è mostrato molto soddisfatto durante il viaggio in Turchia di venerdì. Ha detto che è stato produttivo e ha sorriso accanto al suo omologo turco Mevlut Cavusoglu. Ha detto che è stato un viaggio meraviglioso in cui ha parlato con il suo fratello Cavusoglu. …. Il viaggio segnala la crescente alleanza tra Turchia e Iran nella regione …. Come in precedenza, impegno costruttivo su questioni bilaterali e regionali. Obiettivo finale: applicare l’esperienza di 400 anni di pace di Iran e Turchia alla nostra regione. Insieme, tutto è possibile.

Nel frattempo, il presidente turco Recep Tayyip Erdogan si è schierato dalla parte della Russia in un crescente battibecco con gli Stati Uniti, attaccando il presidente americano Joe Biden, ampiamente odiato dal partito al potere in Turchia ….. Ha affermato che i recenti commenti di Biden sul presidente russo Vladimir Putin sono inaccettabili e non si addicono a un presidente.

Il messaggio di Ankara è che Russia e Turchia stanno crescendo insieme come alleati e partner. Lavorano insieme in Siria, Libia e nel Caucaso; il loro obiettivo è soppiantare l’influenza degli Stati Uniti e dividere tra loro molte aree del Medio Oriente.

Iran, Turchia e Russia lavorano insieme nel processo di Astana dal 2017 per gestire la Siria – ed escludono gli Stati Uniti. Il viaggio di Zarif a Istanbul è solo uno dei tanti in cui le controparti turche e iraniane lavorano insieme e dimostrano i loro caldi legami.

La Turchia vuole incrementare gli scambi con l’Iran attraverso i collegamenti ferroviari e vuole collaborare con Teheran anche in altri modi. Dalla Russia, Ankara vuole più S-400 e hardware militare.

Questo è l’obiettivo a lungo termine della Turchia: trovare un accordo con gli Stati della regione e unire l’alleanza con l’Iran e la Russia per legittimare la sua continua occupazione di parti della Siria e delle basi in Iraq.

«their goal is to supplant US influence and divide up many areas of the Middle East between themselves»

* * * * * * *

«Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif was very content during a trip to Turkey on Friday. He said it was productive and smiled alongside his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu. He said it was a “wonderful” trip where he spoke with his “brother Cavusoglu.” …. The trip signals the growing alliance that Turkey and Iran have in the region …. As before, constructive engagement on bilateral and regional issues. Ultimate aim: Apply Iran and Turkey’s experience of 400 years of peace to our region. Together, anything is possible»

«Meanwhile, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan took Russia’s side in a growing spat with the US, slamming US President Joe Biden who is widely hated by Turkey’s ruling party …. He claimed that Biden’s recent comments about Russian President Vladimir Putin were unacceptable and “not fitting of a president.”»

«The messaging from Ankara is that Russia and Turkey are growing together as allies and partners. They work together in Syria, Libya and the Caucasus; their goal is to supplant US influence and divide up many areas of the Middle East between themselves»

«Iran, Turkey and Russia have worked together in the Astana process since 2017 to manage Syria – and they exclude the US. Zarif’s trip to Istanbul is just one of many in which Turkish and Iranian counterparts work together and demonstrate their warm connections»

«Turkey wants more trade with Iran via rail links and also wants to work with Tehran in other ways. From Russia, Ankara wants more S-400s and military hardware»

«This is the long-term goal of Turkey in finding an accommodation with states in the region and bringing together its alliance with Iran and Russia to legitimize its continued occupation of parts of Syria and bases in Iraq»

«their goal is to supplant US influence and divide up many areas of the Middle East between themselves»

* * * * * * *


Iran, Russia and Turkey signal growing alliance

For years, Turkey would say one thing to Moscow and Tehran while telling Washington’s Iran hawks that Turkey was “against Russia and Iran.”.

Iran’s Foreign Minister Javad Zarif was very content during a trip to Turkey on Friday. He said it was productive and smiled alongside his Turkish counterpart Mevlut Cavusoglu. He said it was a “wonderful” trip where he spoke with his “brother Cavusoglu.”

The trip signals the growing alliance that Turkey and Iran have in the region.

Zarif said: “As before, constructive engagement on bilateral and regional issues. Ultimate aim: Apply Iran and Turkey’s experience of 400 years of peace to our region. Together, anything is possible.”

Meanwhile, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan took Russia’s side in a growing spat with the US, slamming US President Joe Biden who is widely hated by Turkey’s ruling party.

He claimed that Biden’s recent comments about Russian President Vladimir Putin were unacceptable and “not fitting of a president.”

This isn’t just because of the tone of Biden’s comments, in which Biden called Putin a “killer.” Turkey’s president and regime often lashes out at other countries and leaders, belittling and threatening them with insults.

The messaging from Ankara is that Russia and Turkey are growing together as allies and partners. They work together in Syria, Libya and the Caucasus; their goal is to supplant US influence and divide up many areas of the Middle East between themselves.

They seek to control violence in these areas. For instance, Turkey got the Syrian rebels, who were fighting the Russian-backed Syrian regime, to change their course and fight Kurds so the Syrian regime could prosper. Then Turkey shipped the rebels to fight elsewhere to weaken the rebellion. Ten years after the start of the Syrian conflict, it is mostly Turkey that is responsible for sidelining the rebellion.

Now, enter Iran.

Iran, Turkey and Russia have worked together in the Astana process since 2017 to manage Syria – and they exclude the US. Zarif’s trip to Istanbul is just one of many in which Turkish and Iranian counterparts work together and demonstrate their warm connections.

Turkey wants more trade with Iran via rail links and also wants to work with Tehran in other ways. From Russia, Ankara wants more S-400s and military hardware.

Turkish media illustrated how the relations are growing. Turkish daily Hurriyet reported that “Hakan Fidan, the head of Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization, also attended the meeting, sources from the Foreign Ministry said on condition of anonymity.”

A recent deal between Baghdad and Erbil for the security of the Sinjar province and intensified dialogue between Turkey and Iraq is aimed at curbing the PKK’s (Kurdistan Workers Party) influence in a wider region in northern Iraq and eastern Syria.

Meanwhile, Turkey, Russia and Qatar issued a joint statement last week following talks between their foreign ministers in Doha, vowing to “defend Syria’s territorial integrity in accordance with the UN Charter,” the report notes.

Iran welcomes “any initiative that eases the pain of Syrian people and achieves stability and peace in this country,” Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh said, stressing that the Astana talks among Ankara, Moscow and Tehran were one of the most successful initiatives to put an end to the Syrian conflict.

A month ago, there were rumors that Turkey and Iran might clash in Iraq, but now it appears that the countries have put aside any differences there as well. Turkey wants Iran to help it fight Kurds, which it alleges are part of the PKK.

Ankara is trying to ban opposition parties by labeling them “terrorists” linked to the PKK. The US has expressed concern, but Turkey hopes it can model its authoritarian regime on Russia and Iran. It is learning from Russia how to deal with dissidents – like how Russia dealt with Putin critic Alexei Navalny who was sent to a Russian penal colony.

For many years, Ankara would say one thing to Moscow and Tehran about partnership while telling Washington’s Iran hawks that it was “against Russia and Iran.”

Turkey would mobilize its strong DC lobbyists to push narratives from how Ankara was “fighting terrorism” to how it was challenging Russia and Iran “geopolitically.”

However, the reality was that Turkey was always working closely with Russia and Iran. It invented an imaginary “terrorist” threat from the Kurdish region of Afrin in 2018 to justify an invasion. It even pretended to be fighting ISIS when it was allowing ISIS families to transit from Raqqa to Idlib.

ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was found a few hundred meters from the Turkish border in Idlib. Turkey’s use of its lobbyists to claim it was confronting Iran was only a talking point for the Trump administration.

Even after the administration left, some of those who were close to Turkey continued to push this narrative. But even Turkey is now claiming to distance itself from some Muslim Brotherhood extremist activists in a bid to try to patch things up with Arab states in the region.

This is the long-term goal of Turkey in finding an accommodation with states in the region and bringing together its alliance with Iran and Russia to legitimize its continued occupation of parts of Syria and bases in Iraq.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Medio Oriente

Arabia Saudita e Cina studiano come usare lo yuan nella vendita del petrolio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-21.

Saudi Arabia 001

«La novità avrebbe conseguenze notevoli per il mondo del petrolio globale che da sempre usa la valuta statunitense come moneta ufficiale»

«Sarebbe l’alleanza tra il maggior importatore di petrolio, la Cina con il più grande esportatore, l’Arabia Saudita con il conseguente passaggio dai petrodollari ai petroyua»

«L’Arabia Saudita è in trattative con Pechino per utilizzare lo yuan nella vendita di petrolio alla Cina. Lo riferisce il Wall Street Journal spiegando che la mossa intaccherebbe il dominio del dollaro Usa sul mercato petrolifero globale nonché come valuta di riferimento negli scambi internazionali»

«Le dinamiche sono cambiate radicalmente. Le relazioni degli Stati Uniti con i sauditi sono cambiate, la Cina è il più grande importatore mondiale di greggio e sta offrendo molti incentivi redditizi al Regno»

«poiché i sauditi sono diventati sempre più insoddisfatti della relazione con gli Usa»

«A Riad non piace la mancanza di sostegno nella guerra civile in Yemen e per il tentativo dell’amministrazione Biden di concludere un accordo con l’Iran sul programma nucleare»

«al Regno non è piaciuto per niente il precipitoso ritiro degli Stati Uniti dall’Afghanistan lo scorso anno»

«Il mese scorso Mohammed bin Salman, che secondo l’intelligence statunitense ha ordinato l’omicidio del giornalista, ha rifiutato di partecipare a una telefonata tra Biden e il sovrano saudita, re Salman»

«Secondo i dati dell’Amministrazione generale delle dogane cinese, nel 2021 l’Arabia Saudita è stato il principale fornitore di greggio della Cina, con 1,76 milioni di barili al giorno, seguita dalla Russia con 1,6 milioni di barili al giorno»

«La Cina acquista più del 25% del petrolio esportato dall’Arabia Saudita»

«La Cina ha già introdotto contratti petroliferi denominati in valuta locale nel 2018 per rafforzare la propria moneta nel mondo, senza intaccare tuttavia il dominio del dollaro sul mercato petrolifero»

«Passare ogni giorno milioni di barili di petrolio da dollari a yuan potrebbe danneggiare l’economia saudita, che ha una valuta, il riyal, ancorata al dollaro»

«La mossa saudita potrebbe tuttavia intaccare la supremazia del dollaro Usa nel sistema finanziario internazionale, su cui Washington fa affidamento da decenni per stampare buoni del Tesoro che utilizza per finanziare il suo deficit di bilancio»

«Il mercato petrolifero, e per estensione l’intero mercato globale delle materie prime, è la polizza assicurativa dello status del dollaro come valuta di riserva»

* * * * * * *


Arabia Saudita e Cina studiano come usare lo yuan nella vendita del petrolio.

La novità avrebbe conseguenze notevoli per il mondo del petrolio globale che da sempre usa la valuta statunitense come moneta ufficiale. Sarebbe l’alleanza tra il maggior importatore di petrolio, la Cina con il più grande esportatore, l’Arabia Saudita con il conseguente passaggio dai petrodollari ai petroyua.

* * * * * * *

Agi – L’Arabia Saudita è in trattative con Pechino per utilizzare lo yuan nella vendita di petrolio alla Cina. Lo riferisce il Wall Street Journal spiegando che la mossa intaccherebbe il dominio del dollaro Usa sul mercato petrolifero globale nonché come valuta di riferimento negli scambi internazionali.

                         La novità avrebbe conseguenze notevoli per il mondo del petrolio globale che da sempre usa la valuta statunitense come moneta ufficiale.

Sarebbe l’alleanza tra il maggior importatore di petrolio, la Cina con il più grande esportatore, l’Arabia Saudita con il conseguente passaggio dai petrodollari ai petroyuan.

“Le dinamiche sono cambiate radicalmente. Le relazioni degli Stati Uniti con i sauditi sono cambiate, la Cina è il più grande importatore mondiale di greggio e sta offrendo molti incentivi redditizi al Regno”, ha affermato un funzionario saudita al quotidiano Usa.  “La Cina ha offerto tutto ciò che si può immaginare a” Riad, ha aggiunto.

Sul lato Usa, un funzionario statunitense ha definito l’idea dell’utilizzo dello yuan come moneta ‘petrolifera’ un’ipotesi “non molto probabile” oltre che “volatile e aggressiva”. Il funzionario ha ricordato che i sauditi hanno già provato a lanciare questa idea in passato quando c’era tensione tra Washington e Riad.

                         Tabarelli: non sarebbe una rivoluzione

“L’ipotesi è possibile, ma non sarebbe una rivoluzione, di questi tentativi ne abbiamo visti anche in passato”, spiega all’AGI il presidente di Nomisma Energia, Davide Tabarelli. “Con la Russia che voleva vendere in rubli, con l’Arabia Saudita che voleva vendere in moneta locale. In passato in Europa ci sono stati alcuni paesi, prima dell’introduzione dell’euro, che volevano utilizzate la moneta nazionale ma è praticamente impossibile. Tra Cina e Arabia Saudita è possibile ma questo non intaccherà un sistema petrolifero globale dominato dal dollaro”.

                         Le trattative sui petroyuan vanno avanti dal 2016

I colloqui con la Cina sui contratti petroliferi in yuan vanno avanti dal 2016, ma quest’anno hanno subito un’accelerazione poiché i sauditi sono diventati sempre più insoddisfatti della relazione con gli Usa. A Riad non piace la mancanza di sostegno nella guerra civile in Yemen e per il tentativo dell’amministrazione Biden di concludere un accordo con l’Iran sul programma nucleare.

Inoltre, al Regno non è piaciuto per niente il precipitoso ritiro degli Stati Uniti dall’Afghanistan lo scorso anno. Ci sono poi le tensioni derivanti dall’uccisione del giornalista saudita Jamal Khashoggi nel 2018. Durante la campagna elettorale del 2020, Biden ha affermato che il Regno dovrebbe essere considerato un “paria” per l’uccisione di Khashoggi.

Il mese scorso Mohammed bin Salman, che secondo l’intelligence statunitense ha ordinato l’omicidio del giornalista, ha rifiutato di partecipare a una telefonata tra Biden e il sovrano saudita, re Salman.

                         Relazioni Usa-Arabia ai minimi termini

È da un po’ che le relazioni economiche tra i due paesi stanno diminuendo. Negli ultimi anni gli Stati Uniti hanno scalzato Riad come primo produttore di greggio al mondo. Washington all’inizio degli anni ’90 importava 2 milioni di barili di greggio saudita al giorno.

Oggi, secondo l’Eia, l’import è sceso a meno di 500.000 barili al giorno. La diversità di vedute sono emerse anche in tema di politica produttiva petrolifera dell’Opec. Al contrario, le importazioni di petrolio della Cina sono aumentate negli ultimi tre decenni, di pari passo con la crescita economica di Pechino. Secondo i dati dell’Amministrazione generale delle dogane cinese, nel 2021 l’Arabia Saudita è stato il principale fornitore di greggio della Cina, con 1,76 milioni di barili al giorno, seguita dalla Russia con 1,6 milioni di barili al giorno.

                         La Cina acquista oltre 25% del petrolio saudita

La Cina acquista più del 25% del petrolio esportato dall’Arabia Saudita. Se valutate in yuan, tali vendite aumenterebbero la posizione della valuta cinese. I sauditi stanno anche considerando la possibilità di avere contratti future denominati in yuan, noti appunti come petroyuan, nella modellistica di pricing di Saudi Aramco, il colosso oil&gas saudita.

La Cina ha già introdotto contratti petroliferi denominati in valuta locale nel 2018 per rafforzare la propria moneta nel mondo, senza intaccare tuttavia il dominio del dollaro sul mercato petrolifero. Per la Cina, l’uso di dollari è diventato un rischio evidenziato dalle sanzioni statunitensi all’Iran per il suo programma nucleare e alla Russia in risposta all’invasione dell’Ucraina.

Negli ultimi anni Pechino ha intensificato il corteggiamento del regno saudita, aiutando, per esempio, Riad a realizzare i propri missili balistici, cooperando sul programma nucleare e iniziando a investire nei progetti visionari del principe ereditario Mohammed bin Salman, come la città futuristica, Neom.

Proprio per rafforzare la cooperazione, riporta sempre il Wsj, il regno ha invitato il presidente cinese Xi Jinping in visita ufficiale entro la fine dell’anno.

Secondo il quotidiano tuttavia il dado non è tratto ed è possibile che i sauditi facciano marcia indietro. Passare ogni giorno milioni di barili di petrolio da dollari a yuan potrebbe danneggiare l’economia saudita, che ha una valuta, il riyal, ancorata al dollaro.

I consiglieri economici di Mbs lo hanno avvertito della possibilità di danni economici imprevedibili se dovesse portare avanti il progetto in maniera troppo frettolosa. Vendere in yuan collegherebbe più strettamente l’Arabia Saudita alla valuta cinese, che non piace agli investitori internazionali a causa degli stretti controlli che Pechino mantiene su di essa.

Vendere petrolio in una valuta meno stabile potrebbe inoltre minare le prospettive fiscali del governo saudita. Per questo, i consiglieri di Bin Salman lo hanno avvertito che accettare pagamenti in yuan rappresenterebbe un rischio per le entrate saudite legate ai Treasury statunitensi e alla disponibilita’ limitata dello yuan al di fuori della Cina.

Molti analisti ritengono che l’impatto sull’economia saudita dipenderebbe anche dalla quantità del petrolio venduto e dal prezzo. “Se l’operazione dovesse essere fatta in un momento di prezzi alti del petrolio, non sarebbe vista negativamente. Verrebbe valutata più come un legame più stretto con la Cina”, ha affermato al Wsj Monica Malik, capo economista presso la Abu Dhabi Commercial Bank.

I sauditi hanno ancora in programma di fare la maggior parte delle transazioni petrolifere in dollari ma la mossa potrebbe indurre altri produttori a valutare anche le loro esportazioni alla Cina in yuan. Gli altri grandi fornitori di greggio di Pechino sono la Russia, l’Angola e l’Iraq.

                         Intaccare la supremazia del dollaro

La mossa saudita potrebbe tuttavia intaccare la supremazia del dollaro Usa nel sistema finanziario internazionale, su cui Washington fa affidamento da decenni per stampare buoni del Tesoro che utilizza per finanziare il suo deficit di bilancio. “Il mercato petrolifero, e per estensione l’intero mercato globale delle materie prime, è la polizza assicurativa dello status del dollaro come valuta di riserva”, ha affermato l’economista Gal Luft, co-direttore dell’Istituto per l’analisi della sicurezza globale con sede a Washington che ha scritto un libro sulla de-dollarizzazione.

“Se quel blocco viene rimosso dal muro, il muro inizierà a crollare”. I colloqui con la Cina sul prezzo del petrolio in yuan sono iniziati prima che il principe Mohammed bin Salman, il leader de facto del regno, facesse la sua prima visita ufficiale in Cina nel 2016. Il principe ereditario chiese all’allora ministro dell’energia del regno Khalid al-Falih di studiare la proposta.

Il ministro incaricò Aramco di preparare un memo che focalizzasse l’impatto sull’economia del passaggio allo yuan. Al_Falih “non pensava che fosse una buona idea, ma allo stesso tempo non poteva interrompere i colloqui poiché la nave era già salpata”, riferiscono fonti al Wsj.

Secondo altre indiscrezioni l’uso dello yuan potrebbe dare ai sauditi una maggiore influenza sui cinesi e aiutare a convincere Pechino a ridurre il sostegno all’Iran. Ali Shihabi, che siede nel consiglio di Neom e in precedenza dirigeva un think tank filo-saudita a Washington, ha affermato che il regno non può ignorare il desiderio della Cina di pagare le importazioni di petrolio nella propria valuta, in particolare dopo che Stati Uniti e Ue hanno bloccato la Banca centrale russa dalla vendita di valute estere nelle sue riserve dopo l’invasione dell’Ucraina.

Pubblicato in: Medio Oriente, Russia, Stati Uniti

Sanzioni americane. Arabia Saudita ed Emirati Arabi Uniti non le condividono.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-02-11.

Saudi Arabia. Emirati 001

«when you shake Putin’s hand, you know he will keep his word»

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«The United Arab Emirates surprised its Western allies last week when it abstained on a US-drafted United Nations Security Council resolution condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine»

«The move amounted to a declaration of neutrality from one of America’s closest Middle East allies»

«The UAE’s priority is “to encourage all parties to resort to diplomatic action and to negotiate to find a political solution,”»

«The UAE called for a “peaceful solution” to the “Ukraine crisis in a way that guarantees the interests and national security of all parties,”»

«Other Arab states have also refrained from condemning Russia’s invasion»

«Saudi Arabia, which counts Russia as its main partner in the OPEC+ alliance to coordinate oil output, said Tuesday it “supports international de-escalation efforts in Ukraine.”»

«The Arab League on Monday also called for de-escalation and restraint in a joint communique»

«we do not take orders from Washington, and we have to do things consistent with our own strategy and priority»

«In December, the UAE suspended talks for a $23 billion deal with the US to acquire F-35 fighter jets after the talks were stalled by the administration»

«Then, last month, it announced that it was buying fighter jets from China for the first time ever»

«when you shake Putin’s hand, you know he will keep his word»

«As the third and seventh top oil producers respectively, Russia and the UAE coordinate crude output policies under the OPEC+ alliance»

* * * * * * *

«when you shake Putin’s hand, you know he will keep his word»

Questa frase suggella le reali motivazioni di Arabia Saudita ed Emirati Arabi Uniti.

Hanno perso ogni qualsiasi fiducia in Joe Biden e negli Stati Uniti.

* * * * * * *


Why Biden’s key Mideast allies aren’t condemning Russia’s Ukraine invasion

Abu Dhabi, UAE (CNN)The United Arab Emirates surprised its Western allies last week when it abstained on a US-drafted United Nations Security Council resolution condemning Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

The move amounted to a declaration of neutrality from one of America’s closest Middle East allies in a war that has polarized the international community.

Anwar Gargash, adviser to the UAE president, said taking sides “would only lead to more violence.” The UAE’s priority is “to encourage all parties to resort to diplomatic action and to negotiate to find a political solution,” he said.

The war in Ukraine, which began less than two months after the UAE took a seat at the Security Council, has thrust the country’s changing foreign policy onto the world stage, showing how the Gulf state tries to juggle its ties between traditional allies and burgeoning partnerships. It also demonstrates the struggle faced by the West in getting unequivocal condemnation of Russia’s invasion from its allies.

The UAE called for a “peaceful solution” to the “Ukraine crisis in a way that guarantees the interests and national security of all parties,” the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi said in a phone call with Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday. They also discussed energy cooperation.

Other Arab states have also refrained from condemning Russia’s invasion. Saudi Arabia, which counts Russia as its main partner in the OPEC+ alliance to coordinate oil output, said Tuesday it “supports international de-escalation efforts in Ukraine.” The Arab League on Monday also called for de-escalation and restraint in a joint communique. Neither has condemned Russia’s aggression in Ukraine.

“The UAE [shouldn’t] be projected as a puppet of the United States anymore,” said Abdulkhaleq Abdulla, a political science professor in the UAE. “Just because we have such great relations with America, we do not take orders from Washington, and we have to do things consistent with our own strategy and priority.”

The UAE’s apparent paving of an independent foreign policy comes amid Abu Dhabi’s frustration with the Biden administration’s treatment of issues of significance to the Gulf nation. Soon after Biden came to office, he removed the Iran-backed Houthi rebels from Yemen from the US’ list of terrorist organizations. Less than a year later, the Houthis have begun a campaign of fatal strikes on Abu Dhabi. The US has pledged to bolster UAE defenses, but Abu Dhabi wants a redesignation of the Houthis as terrorists.

In December, the UAE suspended talks for a $23 billion deal with the US to acquire F-35 fighter jets after the talks were stalled by the administration. Then, last month, it announced that it was buying fighter jets from China for the first time ever.

“The UAE has yet to figure out how to navigate the new multipolar world,” Cinzia Bianco, a research fellow on Europe and the Gulf at the European Council on Foreign Relations, said on Twitter. “The UAE and other Gulf monarchies are re-evaluating relations with the US who, in their strong view, reneged on its end of the bargain: providing security.”

Meanwhile, ties with Moscow have only grown stronger.

Two years ago, the UAE’s de facto ruler Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan welcomed Russian President Vladimir Putin to the capital in a grand ceremony, during which the Abu Dhabi Crown Prince described Russia as his “second home” as Putin cemented $1.3 billion worth of energy and technology deals.

Local newspapers called it the beginning of a “special relationship” and ran live updates of the visit. “It was clear the two leaders share a strong personal bond,” said Abu Dhabi’s The National newspaper.

Ultimately, however, “it is a bit of a risk to elevate the position of Russia as an equal of the US,” said Karen Young, senior fellow at Washington’s Middle East Institute. “[Staying neutral in the Ukraine conflict] is a calculation that Russia and Russian leadership will be useful to Emirati leadership.”

The last time a US president visited the UAE was 14 years ago, when George W. Bush occupied the Oval Office. It was the only US presidential visit to the country.

“You have long heard people in the Gulf, policymakers, say that when you shake Putin’s hand, you know he will keep his word,” said Young. “[Putin] does what he wants, so I think there is a certain attraction in the Gulf to having that kind of certainty,” she added. “The frustration with the US is that when administrations change, policy changes, and that doesn’t happen in Russia — at least not yet.”

Trade between the UAE and Russia has been modest, but it has grown ten-fold since 1997, the Russian state news agency TASS reported.

As the third and seventh top oil producers respectively, Russia and the UAE coordinate crude output policies under the OPEC+ alliance. The UAE also depends heavily on Russian tourists. Russia grew to become the second-largest source market for Dubai’s tourism sector in 2021, climbing from eighth place in the previous year’s rankings, according state-run Wam news agency.

The relationship goes beyond energy and trade. Russia was the biggest wheat supplier to the UAE last year with about 50% market share, according to the US Department of Agriculture.

The UAE and other Gulf states will find themselves faced with situations like Ukraine “many times” again, wrote Bianco. “Hedging will be possible but limited.”

Dubai’s former finance chief Nasser al-Shaikh said that neutrality may not be sustainable if the conflict drags on.

“It might be possible to maintain neutrality now… but not in the near future as things unfold/escalate. Very small window of opportunity,” he tweeted.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

UAE. Usa sospende la vendita degli F-35. Gli Emirati hanno rapporti con la Cina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-23.

Emirati Arabi Uniti 003

Dotarsi di sofisticati apparecchi da caccia è solo marginalmente un fatto tecnico ed economico.

Significa aprirsi ad una partnership di durata ultradecennale. Non è solo questione di pezzi di ricambio e manutenzione: significa soprattutto la dipendenza dalla  rete delle comunicazioni militari e dai sistemi radar, ivi compresi quelli satellitari.

Infine, dopo la fuga dall’Afganistan e l’abbandono degli alleati, ben pochi si fidano ancora di Joe Biden.

* * * * * * *

È stato Putin a suggerire agli Usa di dotarsi degli F-35.

Emirati Arabi. Ordinati 60 Rafale alla Francia.

* * * * * * *

«U.S. partnership with the UAE was more strategic and complex than a weapons sale»

«The UAE had signed an agreement to purchase 50 F-35 jets and up to 18 armed drones»

«The United Arab Emirates has informed the United States that it will suspend discussions to acquire F-35 fighter jets, a UAE official said on Tuesday, part of a $23 billion deal that also includes drones and other advanced munitions»

«The sale of 50 F-35 warplanes made by Lockheed Martin to the UAE had slowed amid concerns in Washington over Abu Dhabi’s relationship with China, including use of Huawei 5G technology in the country»

«The U.S. remains the UAE’s preferred provider for advanced defense requirements and discussions for the F-35 may be re-opened in the future»

«for several months sticking points between the United States and the UAE revolved around how the stealthy jets can be deployed and how much of the sophisticated F-35 technology the Emiratis will be allowed to take advantage of»

* * * * * * *

Come abbiamo detto, il problema è geopolitico militare.

Tuttavia i tempi sono mutati, e sarebbe impossibile il non prendere atto che la Cina esiste.

* * * * * * *


UAE told the U.S. it will suspend talks on F-35 jets – Emirati official.

Dubai/Washington, Dec 14 (Reuters) – The United Arab Emirates has informed the United States that it will suspend discussions to acquire F-35 fighter jets, a UAE official said on Tuesday, part of a $23 billion deal that also includes drones and other advanced munitions.

The sale of 50 F-35 warplanes made by Lockheed Martin (LMT.N) to the UAE had slowed amid concerns in Washington over Abu Dhabi’s relationship with China, including use of Huawei 5G technology in the country.

“Technical requirements, sovereign operational restrictions, and cost/benefit analysis led to the re-assessment,” the UAE official said in a statement to Reuters that confirmed a report in the Wall Street Journal.

“The U.S. remains the UAE’s preferred provider for advanced defense requirements and discussions for the F-35 may be re-opened in the future,” the official said, adding there were discussions to “address mutual defense security conditions for the acquisition”.

A person briefed on the negotiations said for several months sticking points between the United States and the UAE revolved around how the stealthy jets can be deployed and how much of the sophisticated F-35 technology the Emiratis will be allowed to take advantage of. The person asked not to be identified by name or by association with either country.

The UAE had signed an agreement to purchase 50 F-35 jets and up to 18 armed drones, people familiar with the situation told Reuters in January.

Earlier, at the Pentagon, spokesman John Kirby had said the U.S. partnership with the UAE was more strategic and complex than a weapons sale and Washington was committed to working with Abu Dhabi to address their questions.

“We will always insist, as a matter of statutory requirements and policy, on a variety of end use requirements,” Kirby said.

He added that a meeting between U.S. and UAE officials at the Pentagon later this week was set to be about broad topics but anticipated that the weapons sale would come up.

Kirby referred questions about details of specific arms sales to the State Department.

A State Department official, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said that the Biden administration was committed to the proposed sales of the F-35 aircraft along with the MQ-9B and munitions.

“We are hopeful that we can work through any outstanding issues,” the official said.

Lockheed Martin Corp referred requests for comment to the U.S. and UAE governments.

The UAE, one of Washington’s closest Middle East allies, had long expressed interest in acquiring the stealthy F-35 jets, and was promised a chance to buy them in a side deal when it agreed to normalize relations with Israel in August 2020.

Pubblicato in: Diplomazia, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

Iraq. Militari americani cessano di combattere e diventano istruttori.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-19.

Iraq Britannica 001

«U.S.-led forces have ended their combat mission in Iraq, a move that transfers all remaining troops into a training and advising role»

«Western security officials and diplomats say privately that this will make little difference to the number of troops stationed in the country»

«The U.S.-led coalition began its mission in 2014 to defeat Islamic State»

«Since the group’s military defeat in 2017, Islamic State fighters have been unable to hold territory but are waging a continued low-level insurgency that regularly kills Iraqi soldiers and civilians in remote mountain and desert areas»

«there is no longer a justification for Western forces to be in Iraq»

«As we complete our combat role, we will remain here to advise, assist, and enable the ISF (Iraqi security forces), at the invitation of Republic of Iraq»

«U.S. President Joe Biden and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi sealed an agreement in July to formally end the U.S. combat mission in Iraq by the end of 2021»

«Western security and diplomatic officials say that calling the shift a withdrawal, as it has sometimes been characterized by the Iraqi government, is misleading because it changes little in terms of the number of forces based in Iraq»

«The U.S. has kept around 2,500 troops in Iraq since 2020»

* * * * * * *

Un contingente di 2,500 militari è una forza quasi simbolica.

D’altra parte, queste truppe, ancorché impiegate come istruttori, continuano sempre a restare in Iraq, ed al bisogno potrebbero riprendere immediatamente i combattimenti.

Al di là dei termini usati, nei fatti quasi nulla è cambiato.

* * * * * * *


U.S.-led troops end Iraq combat mission, as planned – military officials.

Baghdad, Dec 14. (Reuters) – U.S.-led forces have ended their combat mission in Iraq, a move that transfers all remaining troops into a training and advising role, Iraqi military commanders and officials from the coalition led by the United States said on Thursday.

Western security officials and diplomats say privately that this will make little difference to the number of troops stationed in the country – currently more than 2,000 – since those forces have had limited involvement in any combat operations for the last couple of years.

The U.S.-led coalition began its mission in 2014 to defeat Islamic State, after the militants took over vast areas of Iraq and neighbouring Syria.

Since the group’s military defeat in 2017, Islamic State fighters have been unable to hold territory but are waging a continued low-level insurgency that regularly kills Iraqi soldiers and civilians in remote mountain and desert areas.

The coalition has also come under dozens of rocket and drone attacks by Iran-backed Shi’ite militias that helped defeat the Sunni extremist Islamic State and which say there is no longer a justification for Western forces to be in Iraq.

“As we complete our combat role, we will remain here to advise, assist, and enable the ISF (Iraqi security forces), at the invitation of Republic of Iraq,” coalition commander Major General John W. Brennan, Jr. said in a statement.

Iraqi commander Lieutenant General Abdul Amir al-Shammari said Iraqi forces were ready to handle the Islamic State threat.

“Today, we renew our partnership with the Coalition, who are now serving in a new capacity – with a mission to advise, assist, and enable our brave military warriors,” he said.

U.S. President Joe Biden and Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi sealed an agreement in July to formally end the U.S. combat mission in Iraq by the end of 2021.

Iraqi Shi’ite militants have vowed to wage new attacks against coalition forces in 2022.

Western security and diplomatic officials say that calling the shift a withdrawal, as it has sometimes been characterized by the Iraqi government, is misleading because it changes little in terms of the number of forces based in Iraq.

The U.S. has kept around 2,500 troops in Iraq since 2020. The Western officials say that most of those forces have been operating only in a training and advising role for some time.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

Arabia Saudita. Biden ritira i missili Patriot, lasciandola indifesa. È inaffidabile.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-14.

2021-09-14__ Arabia Saudita 001

«U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia»

«America’s Gulf Arab allies nervously watched the chaotic withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan»

Chi mai si fiderà più di Joe Biden?

Usa. Nonfarm Payrolls 253,000. La débâcle economica di Joe Biden.

Usa. Corte Suprema rifiuta di bloccare la legge del Texas che limita l’aborto.

Cina. Biden travolto da critiche interne ed estere per la vergognosa débâcle in Afganistan.

Usa. Biden. La Cnn accusa l’Amministrazione delle femmine di mancanza di ‘competenza’.

Usa. The New York Times accusa Biden di aver detto detto cose false

Afganistan. Biden, lo zimbello del mondo. I media lo abbandonano irati. Terrorismo.

Afganistan. La débâcle americana è peggio del Vietnam. È devoluzione dell’America.

Biden. Questa fuga dall’Afganistan fa crollare la credibilità degli Stati Uniti. Persino nei media.

* * * * * * *

«The U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia in recent weeks, even as the kingdom faced continued air attacks from Yemen’s Houthi rebels, satellite photos analyzed by The Associated Press show»

«The redeployment of the defenses from Prince Sultan Air Base outside of Riyadh came as America’s Gulf Arab allies nervously watched the chaotic withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan»

«Gulf Arab nations worry about the U.S.’s future plans as its military perceives a growing threat in Asia that requires those missile defenses»

«And the perception is very clear that the U.S. is not as committed to the Gulf as it used to be in the views of many people in decision-making authority in the region»

«Prince Sultan Air Base, some 115 kilometers (70 miles) southeast of Riyadh, has hosted several thousand U.S. troops since a 2019 missile-and-drone attack on the heart of the kingdom’s oil production»

«Just southwest of the air base’s runway, a 1-square-kilometer (third-of-a-square-mile) area set off by an earthen berm saw American forces station Patriot missile batteries, as well as one advanced Terminal High Altitude Area Defense unit»

«even while acknowledging the withdrawal of the American missile defense systems»

«I think we need to be reassured about American commitment …. That looks like, for example, not withdrawing Patriot missiles from Saudi Arabia at a time when Saudi Arabia is the victim of missile attacks and drone attacks»

«Saudi Arabia maintains its own Patriot missile batteries and typically fires two missiles at an incoming target. That’s become an expensive proposition amid the Houthi campaign, as each Patriot missile costs more than $3 million»

«While Greece agreed in April to lend a Patriot missile battery to Saudi Arabia, the timing of the U.S. withdrawals comes amid wider uncertainty over the American posture in the region»

«that came as quite a disappointment to partners and allies around the world»

* * * * * * *

Questi fatti sono sotto gli occhi di tutti. Ne enucleiamo alcuni di maggiore interesse, che esponiamo per punti.

– La resa incondizionata ai Talibani e la caotica fuga dall’Afghanistan hanno evidenziato quanto Joe Biden e la sua amministrazione siano inaffidabili. “Il modo ancor mi offende”.

– Tutti gli alleati degli Stati Uniti si aspettano solo di essere traditi a loro volta.

– Il ritiro dei missili Patriot dall’Arabia Saudita, lasciandola sguarnita proprio mentre è sotto attacco, è solo l’ultimo esempio: che tutti gli altri ne prendano atto.

– Gli Stati Uniti hanno costruito un numero troppo limitato sia di missili Patriot, sia di missili Terminal High Altitude Area Defense.

Essere bollati di essere incompetenti ed inaffidabili è il peggior sfregio che Joe Biden ha inferto alla America.

*


US pulls missile defenses in Saudi Arabia amid Yemen attacks.

Satellite photos analyzed by The Associated Press show the U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia in recent weeks.

*

Dubai, United Arab Emirates — The U.S. has removed its most advanced missile defense system and Patriot batteries from Saudi Arabia in recent weeks, even as the kingdom faced continued air attacks from Yemen’s Houthi rebels, satellite photos analyzed by The Associated Press show.

The redeployment of the defenses from Prince Sultan Air Base outside of Riyadh came as America’s Gulf Arab allies nervously watched the chaotic withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan, including their last-minute evacuations from Kabul’s besieged international airport.

While tens of thousands of American forces remain across the Arabian Peninsula as a counterweight to Iran, Gulf Arab nations worry about the U.S.’s future plans as its military perceives a growing threat in Asia that requires those missile defenses. Tensions remain high as negotiations appear stalled in Vienna over Iran’s collapsed nuclear deal with world powers, raising the danger of future confrontations in the region.

“Perceptions matter whether or not they’re rooted in a cold, cold reality. And the perception is very clear that the U.S. is not as committed to the Gulf as it used to be in the views of many people in decision-making authority in the region,” said Kristian Ulrichsen, a research fellow at the James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy at Rice University.

“From the Saudi point of view, they now see Obama, Trump and Biden — three successive presidents — taking decisions that signify to some extent an abandonment.”

Prince Sultan Air Base, some 115 kilometers (70 miles) southeast of Riyadh, has hosted several thousand U.S. troops since a 2019 missile-and-drone attack on the heart of the kingdom’s oil production. That attack, though claimed by Yemen’s Houthi rebels, appears instead to have been carried out by Iran, according to experts and physical debris left behind. Tehran has denied launching the attack, though a drill in January saw Iranian paramilitary forces use similar drones.

Just southwest of the air base’s runway, a 1-square-kilometer (third-of-a-square-mile) area set off by an earthen berm saw American forces station Patriot missile batteries, as well as one advanced Terminal High Altitude Area Defense unit, according to satellite images from Planet Labs Inc. A THAAD can destroy ballistic missiles at a higher altitude than Patriots.

A satellite image seen by the AP in late August showed some of the batteries removed from the area, though activity and vehicles still could be seen there. A high-resolution Planet Lab satellite picture taken Friday showed the batteries’ pads at the site empty, with no visible activity.

A redeployment of the missiles had been rumored for months, in part due to a desire to face what American officials see as the looming “great powers conflict” with China and Russia. However, the withdrawal came just as a Houthi drone attack on Saudi Arabia wounded eight people and damaged a commercial jetliner at the kingdom’s airport in Abha. The kingdom has been locked in a stalemate war with the Houthis since March 2015.

Pentagon spokesperson John Kirby acknowledged “the redeployment of certain air defense assets” after receiving questions from the AP. He said the U.S. maintained a “broad and deep” commitment to its Mideast allies.

“The Defense Department continues to maintain tens of thousands of forces and a robust force posture in the Middle East representing some of our most advanced air power and maritime capabilities, in support of U.S. national interests and our regional partnerships,” Kirby said.

In a statement to the AP, the Saudi Defense Ministry described the kingdom’s relationship with the U.S. as “strong, longstanding and historic” even while acknowledging the withdrawal of the American missile defense systems. It said the Saudi military “is capable of defending its lands, seas and airspace, and protecting its people.”

“The redeployment of some defense capabilities of the friendly United States of America from the region is carried out through common understanding and realignment of defense strategies as an attribute of operational deployment and disposition,” the statement said.

Despite those assurances, Saudi Prince Turki al-Faisal, the kingdom’s former intelligence chief whose public remarks often track with the thoughts of its Al Saud ruling family, has linked the Patriot missile deployments directly to America’s relationship to Riyadh.

“I think we need to be reassured about American commitment,” the prince told CNBC in an interview aired this week. “That looks like, for example, not withdrawing Patriot missiles from Saudi Arabia at a time when Saudi Arabia is the victim of missile attacks and drone attacks — not just from Yemen, but from Iran.”

U.S. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, on a tour of the Mideast in recent days, had been slated to go to Saudi Arabia but the trip was canceled due to what American officials referred to as scheduling problems. Saudi Arabia declined to discuss why Austin’s trip didn’t happen after the withdrawal of the missile defenses.

Saudi Arabia maintains its own Patriot missile batteries and typically fires two missiles at an incoming target. That’s become an expensive proposition amid the Houthi campaign, as each Patriot missile costs more than $3 million. The kingdom also claims to intercept nearly every missile and drone launched at the kingdom, an incredibly high success rate previously questioned by experts.

While Greece agreed in April to lend a Patriot missile battery to Saudi Arabia, the timing of the U.S. withdrawals comes amid wider uncertainty over the American posture in the region. Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab countries have renewed diplomacy with Iran as a hedge.

“I think we saw in Biden’s statements on Afghanistan, the way he said things that he’s clearly going to put U.S. interests first and obviously that came as quite a disappointment to partners and allies around the world who maybe hoped for something different after Trump,” said Ulrichsen, the research fellow. “He sounds quite similar to an ‘America First’ approach, just sort of a different tone.”

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Diplomazia, Medio Oriente

Israele. Attivati i primi voli commerciali con il Marocco.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-03.

Gufo_019__

«Two Israeli airlines have launched their first commercial flights between Israel and Morocco, less than a year after the countries officially normalized relations»

«The Israeli flight departed from Tel Aviv to Marrakech with about 100 Israeli tourists, the company said, adding that Israel’s national carrier El Al sent its first direct flight to the same destination»

«the new direct flights would “help advance fruitful tourism, trade and economic cooperation and diplomatic agreements between the two countries.”»

«Israel and Morocco agreed to normalize relations in late 2020 as part of the US-brokered “Abraham Agreement”»

«Morocco was one of four Arab countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, that established diplomatic relations with Israel»

«the United States agreed to recognize Morocco’s claim to the long-disputed Western Sahara region, although the Biden administration said it would review the decision»

«Morocco’s 1975 annexation of Western Sahara is not recognized by the United Nations»

«Many Israeli Jews have ancestry that traces back to Morocco, which is still home to a small Jewish community of several thousands»

«El Al …. plans to operate five flights per week between Israel and Morocco»

* * * * * * *

Le notizie che riportano progressi nel processo di pace in Medio Oriente sono sempre benvenute.

L’instaurarsi degli scambi di ambasciatori è stato il primo passo, ma l’inizio dei collegamenti da Tel Aviv a Marrakech ha anche un ulteriore aspetto piacevole: apre la strada ad un flusso turistico di circa cinquecento turisti la settimana. Per il momento.

È un segno della crescente fiducia reciproca, che permetterà ai due popoli di conoscersi e stimarsi sempre meglio.

Poi, il Marocco ha molte attrattive turistiche degne di nota.

* * * * * * *


Israeli airlines launch first direct flights to Morocco

Two Israeli airlines have launched their first commercial flights between Israel and Morocco, less than a year after the countries officially normalized relations.

Jerusalem – Two Israeli airlines launched their first commercial flights between Israel and Morocco on Sunday, less than a year after the countries officially normalized relations.

The Israeli flight departed from Tel Aviv to Marrakech with about 100 Israeli tourists, the company said, adding that Israel’s national carrier El Al sent its first direct flight to the same destination.

Israel’s tourism minister, Joel Rajozov, said the new direct flights would “help advance fruitful tourism, trade and economic cooperation and diplomatic agreements between the two countries.”

Israel and Morocco agreed to normalize relations in late 2020 as part of the US-brokered “Abraham Agreement”. Morocco was one of four Arab countries, including the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan, that established diplomatic relations with Israel.

As part of the deal, the United States agreed to recognize Morocco’s claim to the long-disputed Western Sahara region, although the Biden administration said it would review the decision. Morocco’s 1975 annexation of Western Sahara is not recognized by the United Nations.

Many Israeli Jews have ancestry that traces back to Morocco, which is still home to a small Jewish community of several thousands.

El Al said in a statement ahead of the departure of its first flight that the company plans to operate five flights per week between Israel and Morocco.

Avigal Sorek, CEO of El Al, said, “We hope that now many people can get to know Morocco better, to experience and be excited about this special country that is deeply rooted in Israel’s heritage, culture and experience. Is.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Medio Oriente, Stati Uniti

Biden. Lega Araba sostiene l’Arabia Saudita che rigetta il Report US su Khashoggi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-04.

Biden 001

Giorni or sono lo U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) ha rilasciato un Report in cui indica il Principe Ereditario Saudita Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud come il mandante dell’omicidio del giornalista Jamal Khashoggi.

L’Arabia Saudita ha smentito categoricamente codesta assunzione.

Adesso anche la Lega Araba si schiera a favore dell’Arabia Saudita contro la illazione dell’Odni, ripresa a gran voce da Biden, che ha drasticamente condannato il Principe Ereditario Saudita Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud in quanto non ligio alla osservanza degli ‘humans rights’.

La lega Araba non è organizzazione religiosa, politica ed economica da poco.

Ad essa aderiscono ventidue stati, Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria (suspended), Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, ai quali si aggiungono cinque stati osservatori, ossia Armenia, Brazil, Eritrea, India, Venezuela.

La lega Araba raggruppa un po’ più di 420 milioni di persone e nel 2016 aveva una Pil ppp di 6,500 miliardi Usd Int.

*

Così si esprime il leader della Lega Araba, Ahmed Aboul-Gheit:

«Saudi judicial authorities are the only ones in charge of holding those involved in Khashoggi case accountable»

«Human rights issues should not be politicized»

«ODNI is not authorized to issue international rulings or verdicts»

«Saudi Arabia’s foreign ministry strongly rejected the U.S. report, saying it contained “inaccurate information and conclusions»

* * * * * * *

Assieme alla maggioranza liberal democratica che lo sostiene, Biden si è erto a giudice supremo ed inappellabile della condotta di tutte le altre nazioni, quando queste non aggradassero l’ideologia professata dai liberal.

Sono orami ben poche le nazioni che gli Stati Uniti di Biden non hanno ancora sanzionato: è un modo del tutto originale di perseguire una politica estera.

Ma il resto del mondo non solo non condivide, ma osteggia apertamente questa Weltanschauung di Biden.

«is not authorized to issue international rulings or verdicts»

* * * * * * *


Arab League backs Saudi Arabia’s rejection of U.S. report on Khashoggi killing.

CAIRO, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) — Arab League (AL) Secretary General Ahmed Aboul-Gheit expressed on Saturday support for Saudi Arabia’s rejection of a recent U.S. intelligence report on the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi in 2018.

“Saudi judicial authorities are the only ones in charge of holding those involved in Khashoggi case accountable,” the AL chief said in a statement.

The 4-page report, released by the U.S. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), indicates that Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud approved the operation in Istanbul, Turkey, “to capture or kill Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi.”

Aboul-Gheit said that the ODNI is not authorized to issue international rulings or verdicts.

“Human rights issues should not be politicized,” the AL secretary-general emphasized.

On Friday, Saudi Arabia’s foreign ministry strongly rejected the U.S. report, saying it contained “inaccurate information and conclusions.”

Khashoggi, a columnist for The Washington Post, was murdered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in October 2018, and a number of top Saudi officials were arrested in connection with the case.

In early September 2020, Saudi Arabia’s Public Prosecution issued final verdicts against eight convicts in Khashoggi’s killing, five of whom were sentenced to 20 years in jail and the other three from seven to 10 years. Enditem

Pubblicato in: Cina, Medio Oriente

Qatar e Cina. Si prospetta una partnership strategica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-02-25.

Golfo Persico Qatar 001

«Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani on Saturday held a meeting with visiting senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi, during which the two sides vowed to boost cooperation and deepen the China-Qatar strategic partnership»

«Yang, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s cordial greetings to the Qatari emir»

«Yang said that under the personal care and guidance of the leaders of the two countries, the China-Qatar ties have witnessed rapid development in terms of pace and depth, with political mutual trust constantly strengthened and pragmatic cooperation displaying strong vitality»

«He noted that China supports Qatar in exploring independently a development path suited to its national conditions, and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and security»

«China supports Qatar in playing a bigger role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to work together with Qatar to practice multilateralism with concrete actions and safeguard the common interests of developing countries»

«Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests»

* * * * * * *

Il Qatar ha una posizione geografica strategica nel Golfo Persico, fatto questo che aumenta il valore di avere buoni rapporti politici ed economici.

Xinhua è sempre molto sobria nel riportare i fatti, ma una frase è patognomonica.

«Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests»

Si tenga anche conto come il Qatar voti in sede Onu, e come in tale assise abbia numerosi amici.

*


Qatar, China vow to enhance cooperation, deepen strategic partnership

DOHA, Feb. 20 (Xinhua) — Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani on Saturday held a meeting with visiting senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi, during which the two sides vowed to boost cooperation and deepen the China-Qatar strategic partnership.

Yang, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s cordial greetings to the Qatari emir.

Yang said that under the personal care and guidance of the leaders of the two countries, the China-Qatar ties have witnessed rapid development in terms of pace and depth, with political mutual trust constantly strengthened and pragmatic cooperation displaying strong vitality.

He noted that China supports Qatar in exploring independently a development path suited to its national conditions, and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and security.

China is ready to work with Qatar to boost the coordination of development strategies, deepen cooperation in the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as well as in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, and constantly enrich the content of the China-Qatar strategic partnership, the senior Chinese diplomat said.

Yang expressed China’s full support to Qatar in hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup, pledging that China will continue to support Chinese companies in overcoming the challenges created by the pandemic in order to complete the construction of the relevant stadiums on schedule with high quality.

China supports Qatar in playing a bigger role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to work together with Qatar to practice multilateralism with concrete actions and safeguard the common interests of developing countries, Yang noted.

He also voiced China’s support to the efforts by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to strengthen solidarity and cooperation, and jointly promote regional stability and development.

For his part, the Qatari emir asked Yang to convey his sincere regards to President Xi Jinping.

He said that Qatar is eager to further develop its relations with China, deepen strategic communication, enhance mutually beneficial cooperation in the fields of energy, investment, digital economy, culture and infrastructure construction within the BRI framework, and continuously seek new progress in advancing the China-Qatar strategic partnership.

Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests, the Qatari leader said.

He also expressed Qatar’s willingness to strengthen coordination with China on international occasions to jointly promote world peace and stability.

On the same day, Yang also met with Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, Qatari deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs, to hold in-depth exchange of views on the bilateral relations and issues of common interest. Enditem.