Pubblicato in: Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti

Ma quanto valgono i giornali americani?

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-02-14.

2018-02-12__Giornali_Usa__001

Spesso ci si domanda quanto alla fine i giornali, e quindi i giornalisti, possano influire sulla opinione pubblica: dipende ovviamente dal numero dei lettori.

2018-02-12__Giornali_Usa__002

Questa domanda diventa di sempre maggiore attualità mano a mano che si avvicinano le elezioni.

Statista ha recentemente aggiornato al settembre 2017 le statistiche della tiratura dei maggiori giornali americani.

Si tenga conto come gli Stati Uniti abbiano circa 312 milioni di abitanti.

Il The New York Times tira 597,955 copie, mentre il The Washington Post si attesta a 313,156.

Siamo chiari.

Questi giornali sono importanti se si volesse essere informati su cosa e come stiano pensando le rispettive proprietà.

Ma che siano effettivamente importanti nell’orientare la pubblica opinione, sembrerebbe non rispondere alla realtà dei fatti. Si tenga inoltre presente come il lettore medio dei giornali ad orientamento liberal democratico siano anche essi di tale tendenza culturale e politica.

Alla fine, queste testate sono importanti solo per quanti le vogliano ritenere tali.


Nota importante.

L’articolo ha per argomento l’impatto politico negli Stati Uniti dei media a maggiore diffusione: in altri termini, quanto possano influenzare l’elettorato. In altri termini ancora: vale la pena di investire in essi per una campagna elettorale? Ovvero ancora: vi è ritorno in termini benefici / costi a mettere inserzioni pubblicitarie?

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Importante nell’economia del presente discorso è la distinzione tra lettore che legge l’intero giornale, scorrendone per lo meno i titoli, ed invece colui che pratica uno sporadico accesso, usualmente mirato ad un ben determinato articolo, e solo a quello. Questa ultima categoria è decisamente molto numerosa, ma altrettanto difficilmente raggiungibile da un messaggio politico. Una larga quota cerca infatti gli annunci economici…

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L’effetto leva delle inserzioni pubblicitarie su queste testate, tranne il WSJ, è minimo: l’incremento delle vendite del prodotto reclamizzato ripiana a stento i costi di inserzione.

  1. L’articolo verte sulle copie cartacee: è semplicemente ovvio che non consideri le letture in rete.

  2. I numeri riportati sui lettori in rete sono molto contrastanti, anche per la differenza metodologica nel considerare la definizione di “lettore”.

  3. Il numero di abbonati all’edizione elettronica e residenti negli Stati Uniti denunciati al fisco americano ai fini della tassazione è circa la metà delle copie cartacee vendute, che sono a loro volta circa la metà di quelle distribuite.

  4. La gran parte degli abbonamenti alla versione digitale sono residenti all’estero che vogliono tenersi aggiornati in tempo reale: le relative tasse sono usualmente pagate nei relativi paesi. Non esiste, a nostra conoscenza, un registro esaustivo di codesti dati.

 

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti, Trump

Davos. Gli uomini di affari applaudono Mr Trump, che si porta a casa 600 mld.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-01-27.

Donald Trump photographed at Trump Tower in NYC
Donald Trump photographed at the Trump Tower on 5th Ave. in Manhattan, NYC on Monday, September 21, 2015. (Damon Winter/ The New York Times)

«Before diving into a steak dinner at the World Economic Forum as the guests of the US president, leaders of major European corporations went around the table and praised their host’s pro-business tax reform»

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«At a dinner with US President Donald Trump on Thursday at the World Economic Forum (WEF), European Union business leaders praised  the Trump-approved tax reform, which saw the US corporate tax rate slashed from 35 percent to 21 percent»

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«The comments from Trump’s dinner guests, including the heads of German companies such as sports behemoth Adidas, telecommunications giant Siemens and pharmaceutical producer Bayer, contrasted with the prior remarks of world politicians who expressed concern about Trump’s “America first” protectionist policies»

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«Siemens president, Joe Kaiser, congratulated Trump on his tax reform and cited the legislation as the reason the company chose to develop gas turbines in the US»

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«Patrick Pouyanne, chairman and CEO of Total, a French energy producer and one of the world’s largest oil companies, also announced his intention to “do more” in the US thanks to the tax cuts»

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«The Norwegian energy company Statoil also expressed its gratitude to Trump, citing the $2.5 billion (€2 billion) it pumps into the US economy every year»

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«Statoil’s head Eldar Saetra also praised Trump’s broader economic de-regulation efforts, calling them “good news,”»

* * * * * * * *

È vero.

«contrasted with the prior remarks of world politicians who expressed concern about Trump’s “America first” protectionist policies»

*

Ma quei politici che avevano parlato rappresentavano meno che ben poco.

Non solo: ma conta di più un politico in scadenza, per esempio Mr Gentiloni, oppure quelli che finanziano i partiti?

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Gli amministratori delegati lo hanno ammesso francamente, non lo hanno negato, ed hanno quindi ammesso che avrebbero trasferito molto del loro lavoro negli Stati Uniti a causa della sua riforma fiscale.

Siemens, Total, Statoil, solo per fare qualche nome, trasferiranno parte delle loro attività negli Stati Uniti.

*

Un conto grossolano, fatto solo per avere l’ordine di grandezza.

Con questa cena Mr Trump si è portato a casa seicento miliardi di dollari di investimenti.

Frau Merkel, Modi e Mr Gentiloni invece ci hanno rimesso anche i soldi del biglietto.


Deutsche Welle. 2018-01-26. European business execs applaud Donald Trump’s tax cuts at Davos

Before diving into a steak dinner at the World Economic Forum as the guests of the US president, leaders of major European corporations went around the table and praised their host’s pro-business tax reform.

*

At a dinner with US President Donald Trump on Thursday at the World Economic Forum (WEF), European Union business leaders praised  the Trump-approved tax reform, which saw the US corporate tax rate slashed from 35 percent to 21 percent.

The comments from Trump’s dinner guests, including the heads of German companies such as sports behemoth Adidas, telecommunications giant Siemens and pharmaceutical producer Bayer, contrasted with the prior remarks of world politicians who expressed concern about Trump’s “America first” protectionist policies.

Members of Trump’s cabinet were also present at the dinner in Davos, Switzerland, where international politicians and policymakers and business leaders are taking part of the yearly WEF to discuss the state of the global economy.

Thanks for the dinner — and the tax cuts

Trump described the roughly 15 business executives he had invited to dine on beef tenderloin with him as “some of the greatest business leaders in the world,” according to AP. He also asked the men take turns talking about how their companies were faring in the United States. Many executives mentioned the business-friendly tax overhaul Trump signed into law at the end of last year as a positive omen for investment and growth.

Siemens president, Joe Kaiser, congratulated Trump on his tax reform and cited the legislation as the reason the company chose to develop gas turbines in the US, according to German news agency dpa. The company shared its pride in its executive leader taking part in the dinner with Trump on Twitter:

Patrick Pouyanne, chairman and CEO of Total, a French energy producer and one of the world’s largest oil companies, also announced his intention to “do more” in the US thanks to the tax cuts, dpa reported. Pouyanne tweeted his thanks at Trump for the dinner invitation:

The Norwegian energy company Statoil also expressed its gratitude to Trump, citing the $2.5 billion (€2 billion) it pumps into the US economy every year. When sharing remarks, Statoil’s head Eldar Saetra also praised Trump’s broader economic de-regulation efforts, calling them “good news,” dpa said.

Many European multinationals have production facilities and investments in the United States, employing tens of thousands of Americans in the process. In discussing his reasons for attending the Davos forum, Trump said in a Wednesday interview with CNBC that he was focused on “lots of people that want to invest lots of money, and they’re coming back to America.”

America’s attractive market

Some European CEOs were more guarded in their position towards US tax reform, however. In advance of the dinner, Adidas head Kasper Rorsted said in a TV interview with German newspaper Die Welt that the tax cuts were not an incentive for the sports giant to increase its investment in the US. Instead, he emphasized the US’ appeal lay in its huge consumer market. “America is a very attractive market for us — before Trump and with Trump,” Rorsted said.

Not every European company invited to the dinner with Trump embraced the US president’s visit. Reuters reported that at least two European executives chose not to attend the affair to avoid shaking Trump’s hand.

Earlier on Thursday at Davos, Trump held a bilateral meeting with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. The US president will give his speech on Friday.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio

Cina. Belt and Road cresce. Q3 trade da 750 mld Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-01-23.

2018-01-23__Cina__001

Mentre gli Stati Uniti si stanno dilaniando in una guerra civile sessuale combattuta a colpi di scandali più presunti che veri, ma in ogni caso diffamatori per l’intero complesso americano, mentre nell’Unione Europa si sta scatenando una guerra di secessione per come si debba intendere la Weltanschauung europea, mentre molte grandi nazioni europee esperiscono una severa crisi politica che impedisce loro di formare uno straccetto di governo, bene: mentre tutto ciò accade la Cina prosegue a lavorare notte e giorno.

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China-OBOR Multilateral Trade Increases 26%

Switzerland holds the balance of the new Silk Road

Nei primi tre trimestri 2017 il Progetto Belt and Road, Silk Road, ha consentito scambi commerciali per oltre 750 miliardi Usd.

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Questi sono i principali titoli comparsi nella sola settimana scorsa.

Here comes another Belt and Road train! Direct freight service links China’s Guangxi to Poland

China opens new freight train service to Budapest

Freight train service to link northeast China’s Yanbian with Europe

1,000th trip! China-Europe direct freight rail service makes stride

New Belt and Road rail freight service launched! It links Finland’s Kouvola to China’s Xi’an

Another Belt and Road freight service launched! It links China’s Xinjiang to Ukraine

New “Silk Road” freight train launched between China and Germany

They come in a bulk! China-Europe rail freight service to boost e-commerce

China-Europe freight trains bring European food to central China’s supermarkets

Another Belt and Road freight service launched! It links east China to Kazakhstan

*

Non passa giorno senza che si aggiunga un qualche nuovo concreto passo avanti nell’intero progetto.

La Cina sta conquistando economicamente il mondo, ed alla fine l’Occidente si troverà isolato. E con il programma Ceec sta penetrando i paesi dell’est europeo.

È desolante l’oziosa incuria dimostrata dai governanti europei e dalla dirigenza di Bruxelles: sembrerebbero essere affetti da sindrome autistica.

Una sola, semplice constatazione.

Il pil cinese nel 2000 era 1,214.9 miliardi Usd ed a fine 2016 era 11,232 mld Usd: a tutto il 2017 è semplicemente decuplicato. La Cina continua a crescere al ritmo del 6 – 7 % all’anno, e spesso anche di più.

Poniamo allora una domanda seria.

Non sarebbe tempo che l’Occidente riveda criticamente le proprie idee politiche ed economiche, mutuando dal modello di sviluppo cinese quanto possa essere di utilità?

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Unione Europea

Regno Unito e Polonia. Un buon accordo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-23.

Varsavia 001

La Polonia sta sviluppando una sua sempre più significativa presenza quale polo finanziario, fatto che non completamente gradito dalla Germania, che protesterebbe se avesse un governo: ma al momento non ce lo ha.

Polonia. Sta nascendo un nuovo polo finanziario europeo.

JPMorgan to Hire ‘Thousands’ for Operations Hub in Poland

*

Significativa la visita fatta da Mrs May in Polonia. Ma se sono interessanti le note ufficiali, ancor di più lo sarebbero gli argomenti trattati ma non espressi al pubblico.

«U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May left Warsaw on Thursday afternoon with the support of the Polish government for a generous settlement on services after Brexit»

*

«The Polish leader said he regretted losing Britain as an ally against over-regulation in the bloc and offered reassurance that they would back some of Britain’s claims.»

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«My view is that UK-EU relationship should stay close to where it is now and that the new agreement on economic and trade cooperation should be reached as quickly as possible to ensure clarity for businesses on both sides» [Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki]

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«I deeply hope that our French and German partners are interested in a constructive solution»

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«We’re both deeply concerned about Russian attempts to weaponize information»

* * * * * * *

Quando qualcosa va per un verso poco accetto, in Occidente si ricorre al vezzo di addossare tutte le colpe alla Russia di Mr Putin.

Sia ben chiaro: nessuno intende dire che il Presidente russo sia un frate trappista, e nessuno dovrebbe stupirsi più di tanto che alla fine faccia gli interessi della Russia. Ma da lì a consideralo onnipotente scorre una gran bella differenza.

Non ci si stupirebbe però che se la May avesse incassato un appoggio polacco sul Brexit, la Polonia avesse a sua volta contabilizzato un appoggio inglese circa le sue problematiche con l’attuale dirigenza degli eurocrati.


Bloomberg. 2017-12-22. May Wins Polish Support for Speedy Brexit Deal to Help Business

– U.K. teams with Poland to counter Russian disinformation

– Premier’s trip to Warsaw overshadowed by firing her deputy

*

U.K. Prime Minister Theresa May left Warsaw on Thursday afternoon with the support of the Polish government for a generous settlement on services after Brexit and unity in fighting propaganda campaigns by Russia.

The trip was overshadowed by May firing Damian Green, her closest political ally, on Wednesday. But armed with promises to work together on security and defense, she left Warsaw with reassurances that Poland’s new administration would support her in key aspects of the EU divorce negotiations.

As the second stage of Brexit talks approaches — on trade between the U.K. and the EU — May is seeking allies across the continent to loosen the unity that the bloc managed to hold during the first phase of talks. The Polish leader said he regretted losing Britain as an ally against over-regulation in the bloc and offered reassurance that they would back some of Britain’s claims.

“My view is that UK-EU relationship should stay close to where it is now and that the new agreement on economic and trade cooperation should be reached as quickly as possible to ensure clarity for businesses on both sides,” Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said in a press conference alongside May.

“I deeply hope that our French and German partners are interested in a constructive solution,” he said, warning that “all the protectionist movements are very dangerous.”

Russian Disinformation

May earlier told a group of veterans from World War II that “the United Kingdom and Poland have a long tradition of fighting side by side,” before taking that theme to the press conference with Morawiecki. “Our deep ties of friendship will outlast our departure from the EU,” she said.

The British premier criticized Russian attempts to spread disinformation in Europe and said a new agreement between Britain and Poland would help to tackle the problem.

“We’re both deeply concerned about Russian attempts to weaponize information,” May said. The two countries agreed to “bolster our cooperation to counter Russian disinformation in the region,” she said.

Green

May has pressed the importance of security and defense cooperation to win the support of former Soviet bloc states in the EU as Britain prepares to leave in March 2019. Britain has boosted its diplomatic presence in the countries and promised to support with military assets and the training of troops.

May said she had raised the spat between Poland and the EU over judicial appointments in her meeting with the Polish premier and was reassured that an agreement can be reached to head off sanctions against her hosts.

“In Europe we have a collective belief in the rule of law,” she said. “Prime Minister Morawiecki will be speaking with the European Commission and I hope that will lead to a satisfactory resolution.”

The premier was asked about Green, the de-facto deputy she fired Wednesday afternoon after an inquiry into his behavior found he’d made misleading statements over pornography found on his parliamentary computer by police nearly a decade ago.

Green is the third Cabinet minister to quit in two months though the news failed to spark much concern as the FTSE 100 headed to record high.

May has racked up a couple of recent Brexit-related successes, meaning the prime minister is better equipped to handle Green’s departure. On Thursday, her office said that Trade Minister Mark Garnier will stay in his job after inquiry into allegations of sexual misconduct. Unlike Green, it was decided that he did not break the ministerial code.

May left Poland on Thursday afternoon to travel to Cyprus for a Christmas visit to U.K. troops.

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Problemia Energetici, Russia

Yamal. Gli Usa hanno perso, la Russia ha vinto e raddoppia. – Bloomberg

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-22.

2017-12-14__Yamal_2__001

Quando una nazione ha un Governo che governa, che sa governare, e che indirizza ma non interferisce nei processi produttivi, ottiene i risultati che sta ottenendo la Russia.

Russia. Yamal. Francia e Germania con il muso nella greppia delle sanzioni.

È un Bloomberg stupefatto ed incredulo che constata il fallimento delle sanzioni americane ed il trionfo della Russia. Ma è ancor più stupefatto che Mr Putin ingigantisca il progetto.

In realtà, constata quanto oramai l’Occidente sia ininfluente sul sistema economico mondiale, che può serenamente vivere anche senza di esso.

«Putin, officially opening the plant in the harsh climate of northern Siberia last week»

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«Building the $27 billion Yamal liquefied natural gas project meant shipping more than 5 million tons of materials to construct a forest of concrete and steel 600 kilometers north of the Arctic circle, where temperatures can drop to -50 degrees celsius and the sun disappears for two months straight»

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«Yet those challenges weren’t as tough as the U.S. sanctions imposed in 2014, forcing a complete refinancing just as construction was about to start.»

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«Three years later, the first shipment of Yamal LNG’s gas represents a gargantuan effort from the Russian establishment to demonstrate that one of President Vladimir Putin’s flagship projects would not be derailed by sanctions»

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«The launch of the project in the face of sanctions has helped spur Moscow’s political pivot to China, which provided much of the financing»

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«The first cargo is on board a tanker headed for a port near London, helping the U.K. to cope with cold winter weather»

*

«For Novatek, it’s a triumph over adversity»

*

«Novatek’s achievement was not just one of political willpower and financial engineering. It was also technical»

*

«It’s the only project I can think of in the last decade that actually is on time and on budget»

*

Sono undici secoli che i russi danno il meglio di sé stessi quando sono immersi in severe difficoltà: non sono un popolo da pigliarsi sottogamba. Quando poi si elicita il loro senso nazionale diventano più pericolosi e tenaci delle tigri ferite.

Ma il meglio è la frase finale: in cauda venenum.

«For Novatek, the successful launch of the project means questions are now turning to the future. On Tuesday, it outlined plans for some $60 billion of investments together with partners in a second LNG plant, a trans-shipment terminal in the far east and new domestic gas supplies»

Già.

Fatto il primo impianto artico da 27 miliardi, adesso sta finendo di progettarne un secondo per un investimento da sessanta miliardi, che servirà l’Asia orientale e la Cina.

Si prenda atto che Europa ed America non servono più né come finanziatori, né come provider di tecniche e strumentazioni, e che oramai non sono nemmeno più un mercato cui vendere.


Bloomberg. 2017-12-14. Russia Wins in Arctic After U.S. Fails to Kill Giant Gas Project

– Sanctions created ‘deadlock’ for Yamal LNG, says Total

– Novatek plans new projects to challenge Qatar for scale

*

Building the $27 billion Yamal liquefied natural gas project meant shipping more than 5 million tons of materials to construct a forest of concrete and steel 600 kilometers north of the Arctic circle, where temperatures can drop to -50 degrees celsius and the sun disappears for two months straight.

Yet those challenges weren’t as tough as the U.S. sanctions imposed in 2014, forcing a complete refinancing just as construction was about to start. Jacques de Boisseson, head of the Moscow office of French energy giant Total SA, which has a 20 percent stake in Yamal LNG, said there were “various moments” when he thought the project may never happen.

“We were too much advanced to stop. We were in a deadlock: we had to go ahead and we didn’t know how,” de Boisseson said.

Three years later, the first shipment of Yamal LNG’s gas represents a gargantuan effort from the Russian establishment to demonstrate that one of President Vladimir Putin’s flagship projects would not be derailed by sanctions. The launch of the project in the face of sanctions has helped spur Moscow’s political pivot to China, which provided much of the financing. Novatek PJSC, which controls Yamal LNG, is already talking about its next LNG project.

London Bound

The first cargo is on board a tanker headed for a port near London, helping the U.K. to cope with cold winter weather and an unplanned shutdown of a clutch of its own North Sea fields. That the gas will end up in a European country that’s backed sanctions against Russia may please many in Moscow.

“We had a dream,” Mark Gyetvay, deputy chief executive officer of Novatek, said on Tuesday. “Now we have realized that dream.”

For Yamal LNG, the timing of the U.S. sanctions against Russian shareholders in the project in 2014 couldn’t have been worse. It was just embarking on one of Russia’s largest-ever international financing packages, and planning to attract significant investment from western banks. In a further obstacle, the sanctions prevented Novatek’s Gyetvay from working on the financing deal as he is a U.S. citizen.

“For Novatek, it’s a triumph over adversity,” said James Henderson, director of natural gas at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. “Russians have got it running and that is a bit of a triumph for them that underlines again that sanctions struggle to be effective.”

Tortured Talks

Yamal’s partners hoped that non-U.S. banks and companies would step into the breach and provide the necessary financial support. But talks dragged on through 2014 and 2015 without a deal, as few were willing to risk the wrath of the U.S. government by helping to fund the project, and a tumble in oil prices changed the economic calculus.

China was the only hope remaining besides Russia’s state banks. But those negotiations were just as tortuous. Novatek several times made predictions about when a deal would be signed, only to see the self-imposed deadlines pass without a result.

“Quite frankly, we are beginning to lose our patience with the excessive comments and a myopic focus on the single point,” Gyetvay told analysts in October 2015, conceding that the process had been “painstakingly slow.”

Russia was forced to backstop the project, providing 150 billion rubles ($2.5 billion) of funding from the National Welfare Fund, a rainy-day reserve built up to stabilize retirement provisions, in a high-stakes show of support.

Finally in April 2016, two Chinese state banks agreed to provide $12 billion to the project in euros and rubles.

“There was a period of uncertainty,” Gyetvay said on Tuesday. “And then when China came in that ended.”

‘Pretty Impressive’

Novatek’s achievement was not just one of political willpower and financial engineering. It was also technical.

Putin, officially opening the plant in the harsh climate of northern Siberia last week, told an audience including Gazprom PJSC chief Alexey Miller that several people had come to him with a list of reasons why it couldn’t work. “This is certainly a complex project, and we have good people here in this room, good professionals, who warned me at the beginning of this journey: ‘Do not do this’,” he said.

Gazprom had previously considered building an LNG plant in the same region but concluded it was too challenging. Other big LNG projects around the world have suffered large budget over-runs.

“It’s the only project I can think of in the last decade that actually is on time and on budget,” said Henderson at the Oxford Institute. “It’s pretty impressive.”

That wasn’t all the result of the engineering prowess of Novatek and partners Total and CNPC. The project was helped by a tumble in the ruble in late 2014 – cutting the cost of Russia-sourced equipment and labour at a key moment in the construction.

What’s more, it received large amounts of Russian government support, not only in the form of financing. Yamal LNG also enjoys generous tax breaks, and the state has helped to build some of the necessary infrastructure.

For Novatek, the successful launch of the project means questions are now turning to the future. On Tuesday, it outlined plans for some $60 billion of investments together with partners in a second LNG plant, a trans-shipment terminal in the far east and new domestic gas supplies.

“Today is a great moment for Novatek,” Gyetvay said. “Our new strategy transforms Novatek into a global gas power.”

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

World Trade Organization. Buenos Aires. Un fallimento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-18.

Escher-economics

«The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an intergovernmental organization that regulates international trade. The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948. It is the largest international economic organization in the world. The WTO deals with regulation of trade in goods, services and intellectual property between participating countries by providing a framework for negotiating trade agreements and a dispute resolution process aimed at enforcing participants’ adherence to WTO agreements, which are signed by representatives of member governments: fol.9–10 and ratified by their parliaments. Most of the issues that the WTO focuses on derive from previous trade negotiations, especially from the Uruguay Round (1986–1994).» [Fonte]

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Il World Trade Organization nacque e si sviluppò perseguendo la visione che una libera circolazione di merci e servizi fosse realtà possibile. Come tutti gli enunciati in materia, è ragionevole ammettere questo presupposto, ma nel contempo dovrebbe essere evitata la sua massimizzazione.

Sostanzialmente è un organismo vetusto, che non ha saputo tenere il passo con i tempi e, peggio ancora, ha cercato di imporre ciò che avrebbe dovuto essere oggetto di accordo ed accettazione.

Un esempio per tutti. Le lingue ufficiali del WTO sono l’inglese, il francese e lo spagnolo. Ma esistono anche il cinese ed il russo.

«The WTO is attempting to complete negotiations on the Doha Development Round, which was launched in 2001 with an explicit focus on developing countries. As of June 2012, the future of the Doha Round remained uncertain: the work programme lists 21 subjects in which the original deadline of 1 January 2005 was missed, and the round is still incomplete. The conflict between free trade on industrial goods and services but retention of protectionism on farm subsidies to domestic agricultural sector (requested by developed countries) and the substantiation of fair trade on agricultural products (requested by developing countries) remain the major obstacles. This impasse has made it impossible to launch new WTO negotiations beyond the Doha Development Round. As a result, there have been an increasing number of bilateral free trade agreements between governments.»

*

Le critiche alla World Trade Organization sono numerose e pesanti:

«- Rich countries are able to maintain high import duties and quotas in certain products, blocking imports from developing countries

– The maintenance of high protection of agriculture in developed countries, while developing ones are pressed to open their markets

– Many developing countries do not have the capacity to follow the negotiations and participate actively in the Doha Round

– The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) agreement, which limits developing countries from utilizing some technology that originates from abroad in their local systems

– the Northern countries have not lived up to the spirit of their commitments in implementing (or not implementing) their obligations» [Fonte]

Per dirla in breve, il Wto è stato uno strumento usato dall’Occidente per penetrare i mercati. Operazione che avrebbe anche potuto riuscire se non fosse stato per l’emersione in tempi rapidissimi della potenza economica cinese, largamente fondata su di un export manifatturiero che primeggia a livello mondiale.

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Quanto il Wto sia vetusto, e di idee sostanzialmente liberal, è ben evidenziato da questo articolo edito dallo stesso Wto:

Buenos Aires Declaration on Women and Trade outlines actions to empower women

«For the first time in the history of the World Trade Organization, WTO members and observers have endorsed a collective initiative to increase the participation of women in trade. In order to help women reach their full potential in the world economy, 118 WTO members and observers agreed to support the Buenos Aires Declaration on Women and Trade, which seeks to remove barriers to, and foster, women’s economic empowerment.»

Ma il commercio inerisce i movimenti delle merci, non le persone dei venditori e degli acquirenti: perdere tempo su simili topics mette in luce tutta la povertà culturale dell’intera organizzazione.

*

World Trade Organization’s ministerial conference opens in Buenos Aires

«The World Trade Organization’s 11th ministerial meeting has opened in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Regional leaders called on the development of a more inclusive form of global commerce “to meet the needs of the 21st century” during the inauguration of the event.

Host country president, Argentina’s Mauricio Macri was accompanied by his counterparts, Michel Temer of Brazil, Horacio Cartes of Paraguay and Tabare Vazquez of Uruguay.

Argentina’s hosting of the event is being seen as a form of global recognition for the market friendly policies put in place by the centre right leader, who came to power in 2015.

“It is the responsibility of us all to face up to the challenges of the 21st century and convert them into opportunities for a more inclusive future,” Macri said.

The WTO Ministerial Conference, which is the topmost decision-making body of the organisation, usually meets every two years, and it brings together all members of the WTO, all of which are countries or customs unions.

The Buenos Aires edition is marked as also marked as much by the recent lack of commitment toward the WTO from the world’s most powerful economy

Since taking over office, U.S. President Donald Trump has lambasted the organization and his “America First” motto leading to widespread concerns about an international fallout toward protectionism.»

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Fury as Argentina blacklists WTO attendees over ‘calls for violence’

«President Macri under fire for revoking accreditations for officials ‘who had made explicit calls for violence on social media’ – a charge those affected reject. ….

Argentina’s centre-right president Mauricio Macri has come under heavy criticism for banning representatives of 26 international NGOs from attending a World Trade Organisation (WTO) ministerial conference in Buenos Aires because of their postings on social media.

The Argentinian government revoked accreditation for around 60 people, and over the weekend deported two delegates who attempted to the enter the country for the biennial meeting. The activists represented 20 different groups, including Friends of the Earth International and Global Justice Now.

“The legitimacy of this WTO meeting is affected by this unilateral act by the Macri administration,” said Petter Titland of the Norwegian NGO Attac Norge, who returned to Buenos Aires on Monday after initially being forced to board a flight to neighbouring Brazil.

According to Titland, Argentinian officials said he had been expelled because of his social media postings.»

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WTO, under fire from US, meets in Buenos Aires

«ARGENTINA – The World Trade Organization opened a conference Sunday under the cloud of US hostility to  multilateral trade accords.

The 164-member WTO is also wracked by disagreements over China and has been struggling to kickstart stalled trade talks.

The Buenos Aires meeting, which lasts through Wednesday, is the first in the era of US President Donald Trump, who has pummeled the body relentlessly since taking office, even describing it as a “disaster.”

The Trump administration has made the WTO a preferred target of its “America First” policy, threatening to pull the US out of the trade organization it says is hampering its ability to compete.

Trump has already withdrawn the United States from the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and insisted on renegotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with Mexico and Canada.

WTO Director-General Roberto Azevedo said Sunday he will ask US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer for “political commitment, political will and flexibility. ….”

 The WTO is also accused of failing to do enough to resolve problems that some of its members have with China.

“There is life after Buenos Aires,” said the president of the conference, Susana Malcorra of Argentina.

She has said a deal was likely to end harmful fisheries subsidies, of keen interest to developing countries.

Beijing, meantime, wants to be seen by the WTO as a “market economy,” but the Europeans and the United States, for once on the same wavelength on trade issues, oppose this. Any such recognition would entitle China to preferential economic treatment under WTO rules.»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è semplice.

L’epoca dei trattati globali sembrerebbe essere finita.

«U.S. President Donald Trump’s trade chief said on Monday that the World Trade Organization (WTO) is losing its focus on trade negotiations in favor of litigation, and was going too easy on wealthier developing countries such as China»

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«With Trump’s “America First” trade agenda casting a cloud over the WTO’s 11th ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, representatives of other major members criticized protectionism and advocated a stronger multilateral trading system, while acknowledging the WTO’s shortcomings»

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«Too often members seem to believe they can gain concessions through lawsuits that they could never get at the negotiating table. …We have to ask ourselves whether this is good for the institution and whether the current litigation structure makes sense»

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«The United States is backing the EU in its resistance to recognizing China as a market economy, arguing the government unfairly intervenes in the economy»

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«The case is before the WTO and a victory for Beijing could dramatically lower tariffs on imports of Chinese goods»

*

Volenti o nolenti i problemi reali stanno arrivando al pettine e ben poco aiuta la loro comprensione imputarli a Mr Trump, quasi fossero un suo capriccio.

Non è Mr Trump ad aver generato questi problemi: sono questi problemi che hanno portato all’ascesa di Mr Trump.

Sicuramente esiste, ed è severo, il problema del comparto alimentare, fortemente protetto dall’Occidente.

Ma il vero nodo è la Cina.

Al momento attuale la Cina è infatti l’unica grande economia in grado di poter produrre beni e servizi a prezzi stracciati che, senza una protezione adeguata, alla fine strangolerebbero il mondo.


→ Reuters. 2017-12-13. WTO losing trade focus, too easy on some developing nations: U.S.

BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) – U.S. President Donald Trump’s trade chief said on Monday that the World Trade Organization (WTO) is losing its focus on trade negotiations in favor of litigation, and was going too easy on wealthier developing countries such as China.

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With Trump’s “America First” trade agenda casting a cloud over the WTO’s 11th ministerial meeting in Buenos Aires, representatives of other major members criticized protectionism and advocated a stronger multilateral trading system, while acknowledging the WTO’s shortcomings.

U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, who has said he does not want major agreements out of the meeting, voiced concern that the WTO was becoming a litigation-centered organization.

“Too often members seem to believe they can gain concessions through lawsuits that they could never get at the negotiating table,” he said. “We have to ask ourselves whether this is good for the institution and whether the current litigation structure makes sense.”

Too many countries were not following WTO rules, he complained, and too many wealthier members had been given unfair exemptions as developing countries.

“We need to clarify our understanding of development within the WTO. We cannot sustain a situation in which new rules can only apply to a few and that others will be given a pass in the name of self-proclaimed development status,” Lighthizer told the conference’s opening session.

He said five of the six richest countries claim developing country status at the WTO, without providing evidence to back up the assertion. A Lighthizer spokeswoman later said he was referring to the six countries with the highest gross domestic product per capita, according to International Monetary Fund measurements.

Five, including Qatar and Singapore, claim developing status, which provides longer times to implement WTO agreements and more opportunities to boost trade.

Ahead of the meeting, the United States blocked efforts to draft a joint statement emphasizing the “centrality” of the global trade system and the need to aid development. Its opposition has raised concerns that the WTO will not be able to accomplish even modest goals, such as addressing fishing and agricultural subsidies, at the conference.

“We need to have a clear objective in mind,” European Trade Commissioner Cecilia Malmstrom said. “For the European Union, this is clear: to preserve and to strengthen the rules-based multilateral trading system.”

SWIPES AT CHINA

Trump has indicated his preference for bilateral deals over the multilateral system embodied by the WTO. The United States has vetoed new judges for trade disputes, pushing the organization into a crisis.

Several countries’ delegates criticized that delay on Monday, without mentioning the United States. South Korean Trade Minister Kim Hyun-chong, whose resignation as a WTO appellate judge this year created one of the openings, said members should “promptly fill all the vacancies.”

“We need to collectively and expeditiously resolve this impasse,” Indian Commerce Minister Suresh Prabhu told the conference.

Lighthizer said it was impossible to negotiate new rules when many of the current ones were not being followed, and added that too many members viewed exemptions from WTO rules as a path to faster growth.

In a thinly veiled swipe at China’s trade practices, Lighthizer said the United States was leading negotiations to “correct the sad performance of many members in notification and transparency.”

Japan’s Trade and Economy Minister Hiroshige Seko said Japan would support efforts to boost reporting standards.

The United States is backing the EU in its resistance to recognizing China as a market economy, arguing the government unfairly intervenes in the economy. The case is before the WTO and a victory for Beijing could dramatically lower tariffs on imports of Chinese goods.

Chinese Commerce Minister Zhong Shan said on Monday that while trade protection was rising, no country would be able to succeed in isolation and that WTO rules were critical to protecting globalization.

“Let us join hands and take real action to uphold the authority and efficacy of the WTO,” Zhong said.

Pubblicato in: Commercio

Il caso Asia Argento. Wladimiro Guadagno sembrerebbe avere ragione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-15.

 

Prostituzione 007

Wladimiro Guadagno, al secolo Vladimir Luxuria, ha dibattuto con Asia Argento in una nota trasmissione televisiva sulle presunte vicende dell’attrice.

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«”Alla storia di Asia, non riesco a credere” ha detto la scrittrice e militante per i diritti Lgbt »

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«Non si fanno le denunce con gli psicodrammi, le denunce si fanno in Questura …. non raccontando la storia in un film»

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«Basta una sola storia per togliere credibilità a un tema così importante»

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«Quando una prima acconsente e poi se ne pente allora sì che togli credibilità alle storie delle donne che veramente vengono violentate»

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«Tu avresti potuto dire di no, non eri in una villa isolata, lui stava in un albergo. Te ne potevi andare»

* * * * * * * *

Alla fine Asia Argento ha bollato Wladimiro Guadagno:

«Sei un animale, non sei una persona, vergognati»

* * * * * * * *

A nostro sommesso parere il sig. Wladimiro Guadagno ha detto cose logicamente corrette.

La violenza sessuale implica di per sé stessa l’uso di una forza coercitiva, in assenza della quale non è possibile per definizione parlare di violenza.

Wladimiro Guadagno ben espone codesto concetto:

«Tu avresti potuto dire di no, non eri in una villa isolata, lui stava in un albergo. Te ne potevi andare»

Ma la sig.ra Asia Argento non se ne è andata: non ha detto di no, ed è rimasta lì volontariamente.

Da rapporto coercitivo si passa quindi ad un rapporto volontario, dativo. Asia concede i suoi favori in cambio di dazioni: il classico rapporto che intercorre nel meretricio.

Non solo.

Wladimiro Guadagno enuncia un altro punto a tutto sfavore di Asia Argento:

«Non si fanno le denunce con gli psicodrammi, le denunce si fanno in Questura …. non raccontando la storia in un film»

Già: le denuncie si fanno alla forza pubblica, entro i termini di prescrizione, e supportando il tutto con elementi probanti.

Un’esternazione fatta a distanza di anni, dopo altrettanti anni di silenzio omertoso, si qualifica da sola.

Ma atterrisce soprattutto la mancanza di prove.

Una cosa è sporgere una denuncia ed una completamente differente il riuscire a provarla, e l’unico luogo a ciò deputato è un Tribunale. Senza prove, non dovrebbe esistere la possibilità di mettere a ruolo una causa. E senza prove probanti non dovrebbe esistere una condanna.

Tutti si sciacquano la bocca della Costituzione, ma questa recita che l’imputato è considerato innocente fino a sentenza passata in giudicato.

Viviamo in un’epoca in cui la denuncia equivale a sentenza di condanna passata in giudicato.

È un precedente oltremodo pericoloso: in un domani chiunque potrebbe accusarci di stregoneria oppure di essere contrari al governo in carica. Non vorremmo usare parole forti, ma il giudizio sul comportamento della sig.ra Asia Argento non è certo lusinghiero.

Nota.

Per farsi un’idea sia pure sommaria di quanto pudibonda sia la sig.ra Asia Argento, potreste visitare questo sito.

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La sig. Asia Argento è nata il 20 settembre 1975: ha quarantadue anni e li dimostra tutti.

Grave e severo handicap quando la carriera ‘artistica’ è stata commensurata alla percentuale di epidermide messa in mostra.


Adnk. 2017-12-13. “Animale!”, furia Asia Argento su Luxuria

Botta e risposta al vetriolo tra Asia Argento e Vladimir Luxuria, entrambe ospiti ieri sera a ‘Carta bianca’ per affrontare il tema delle molestie sessuali nel mondo del cinema, a partire dal caso Weinstein. “Alla storia di Asia, non riesco a credere” ha detto la scrittrice e militante per i diritti Lgbt, provocando così la reazione dell’attrice e regista, tornata nella trasmissione condotta da Bianca Berlinguer per confrontarsi con chi l’ha attaccata dopo aver denunciato le molestie del mogul hollywoodiano.

“Non si fanno le denunce con gli psicodrammi, le denunce si fanno in Questura – ha sottolineato Luxuria – non raccontando la storia in un film” ha detto ancora, rispondendo all’attrice che ha parlato di rivincita personale grazie a un film in cui ha interpretato la parte di una donna stuprata”. “Basta una sola storia per togliere credibilità a un tema così importante” ha poi incalzato la scrittrice, alla quale Asia Argento ha replicato: “Vuoi delegittimare persino la mia violenza sessuale?”.

La discussione però è degenerata quando Luxuria ha sottolineato: “Quando una prima acconsente e poi se ne pente allora sì che togli credibilità alle storie delle donne che veramente vengono violentate. Tu avresti potuto dire di no, non eri in una villa isolata, lui stava in un albergo. Te ne potevi andare“. A quel punto Asia Argento ha perso le staffe: “Continui a dire che l’ho voluto, Dio mio! Ma che persona sei? – ha detto -. Sei un animale, non sei una persona, vergognati“. “Non mi vergogno – ha replicato Luxuria – vergognati tu di raccontare delle baggianate”. A quel punto Asia Argento si è rivolta a Bianca Berlinguer rimarcando: “Ma tu mi hai portata qui dicendomi che quella (Luxuria, ndr) era la più civile di tutte”.

Per calmare le acque è allora intervenuta la giornalista: “Denunciare una violenza non è così semplice – ha detto Berlinguer – Non c’è il bianco e il nero ma delle sfumature importanti. Credo che nessuno di noi possa ergersi a giudice dicendo ‘ah, l’ha fatto, se ne poteva pentire”.

 

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti

Silicon Valley. La pronta risposta al sexual harassment.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-14.

2017-12-14__Excort__001

Si voglia o meno, le femmine sono decorative, ovviamente se belle e ben curate. Le femmine ben lo sanno, e come sempre succede, tutto ha un prezzo.

Nella Silicon Valley scorrono fiumi di denaro, specialmente di denaro pubblico sotto forma di commesse, finanziamenti di ricerca e rivoli vari. E le giovani femmine sono sensori sensibilissimi al denaro: hanno il fiuto di un setter. Lo localizzano anche se ottimamente mimetizzato al fisco ed ai pubblicani.

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Sì, d’accordo: in Silicon Valley tutti sono liberal democratici, ma non intendono per questo privarsi della presenza muliebre. Le colleghe meglio tenerle alla larga: se si guadagna più di trecentomila dollari l’anno se ne troverà sempre qualcuna disposta ad affermare piangendo che fu molestata in ascensore da un bruto maschilista che aveva guardato con insistenza i suoi glutei, fatto che la aveva poi turbata per oltre quindici anni, facendole perdere molte occasioni nella sua lunga carriera di excort.

Ma il liberal democratici sono pratici e fantasiosi.

«“Ambiance and atmosphere models” contractually obligated to pretend they’re party guests are in record demand from local agencies»

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«Along with a seemingly endless string of harassment and discrimination scandals, Silicon Valley’s homogeneity has a more trivial side effect: boring holiday parties»

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«Local modeling agencies, which work with Facebook- and Google-size companies as well as much smaller businesses and the occasional wealthy individual, say a record number of tech companies are quietly paying $50 to $200 an hour for each model hired solely to chat up attendees»

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«he company, which she wouldn’t name, has handpicked the models based on photos, made them sign nondisclosure agreements, and given them names of employees to pretend they’re friends with, in case anyone asks why he’s never seen them around the foosball table.»

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«So far this year, his models have been asked to dress up in outfits based on The Price Is Right and like Elizabethan nobles or forest nymphs to accommodate a slightly confused medieval theme.»

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«Holiday parties have featured prominently in several harassment stories in recent months. As Bloomberg reported in November, prominent venture capitalist Shervin Pishevar allegedly slipped his hand up the leg of Austin Geidt, Uber’s then-head of global expansion, at the company’s 2014 holiday party. (He’s denied the allegations, and Geidt didn’t comment on them.)»

*

«Silicon Valley doesn’t have the best reputation.»

* * * * * * * *

Già: Silicon Valley non gode buona reputazione. È per queste che le ragazze fanno la fila e ne fanno di cotte e di crude per essere ammesse in quel ristrettissimo ambiente. Incastrare un Shervin Pishevar rende anche una milionata. Se a palpeggiare fosse stato un fattorino, sarebbe bastato un ceffone.

Tutte hanno firmato il protocollo di intesa, una sorta di consenso informato.

Liberal democratici, sì, va bene. Ma sprovvidi sicuramente no.


Bloomberg. 2017-12-09. Silicon Valley Is Sneaking Models Into This Year’s Holiday Parties

“Ambiance and atmosphere models” contractually obligated to pretend they’re party guests are in record demand from local agencies.

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Along with a seemingly endless string of harassment and discrimination scandals, Silicon Valley’s homogeneity has a more trivial side effect: boring holiday parties. A fete meant to retain all your talented engineers is almost certain to wind up with a rather same-y crowd, made up mostly of guys. At this year’s holiday parties, however, there’ll be a surprising influx of attractive women, and a few pretty men, mingling with the engineers. They’re being paid to.

Local modeling agencies, which work with Facebook- and Google-size companies as well as much smaller businesses and the occasional wealthy individual, say a record number of tech companies are quietly paying $50 to $200 an hour for each model hired solely to chat up attendees. For a typical party, scheduled for the weekend of Dec. 8, Cre8 Agency LLC is sending 25 women and 5 men, all good-looking, to hang out with “pretty much all men” who work for a large gaming company in San Francisco, says Cre8 President Farnaz Kermaani. The company, which she wouldn’t name, has handpicked the models based on photos, made them sign nondisclosure agreements, and given them names of employees to pretend they’re friends with, in case anyone asks why he’s never seen them around the foosball table.

“The companies don’t want their staff to be talking to someone and think, Oh, this person was hired to socialize with me,” says Kermaani, who’s sending models to seven tech parties in the same weekend.

While this sounds crazy after a year packed with harrowing stories of sexual harassment, abuse, and discrimination—a tidal wave that started in San Francisco, with Uber Technologies Inc.—it’s part of an older trend. Tech companies have long used models to run their booths at trade shows such as CES in Las Vegas, hype up crowds at product launches, and direct foot traffic at conferences. That said, this year’s record-setting requests for the minglers, known as “ambiance and atmosphere models,” are a step beyond what the industry has seen before, says Chris Hanna, who’s run TSM Agency since 2004 and counts among his clients “one of the largest search engines in the world.”

“Traditionally, if I go back, say, over the last five years, if people requested these types of models, it was more for specific responsibilities,” Hanna says. “ ‘Be a hostess.’ ‘Show them the elevator.’ Now they’re trending more toward the fun, the atmosphere.” That includes costume parties, he says. So far this year, his models have been asked to dress up in outfits based on The Price Is Right and like Elizabethan nobles or forest nymphs to accommodate a slightly confused medieval theme.

The agencies say clothing stipulations help them screen for ulterior motives. Olya Ishchukova, chief executive officer of Models in Tech, says she frequently rejects company requests for cleavage and short-shorts. When a client recently asked for Pink Panther-themed latex bodysuits, “I pretty much explained to him that this is not what we do—and that could actually hurt his business” if the public found out, she says. She turned down the gig.

Ishchukova says she prefers not to send models on atmosphere jobs without specific tasks such as checking coats or serving food. Such tasks help remind everyone “they’re there for work, and nothing extra is going to happen,” she says. Hanna’s agency is among those with a zero-drinks rule for models on the job. Most models’ contracts say they won’t exchange contact information with party guests, and that gets tougher to handle with grace when they’re legally bound to pretend they’re guests, too.

The guests, of course, are generally less restrained. Holiday parties have featured prominently in several harassment stories in recent months. As Bloomberg reported in November, prominent venture capitalist Shervin Pishevar allegedly slipped his hand up the leg of Austin Geidt, Uber’s then-head of global expansion, at the company’s 2014 holiday party. (He’s denied the allegations, and Geidt didn’t comment on them.)

Vox Media Inc. is limiting employees to two drinks apiece at its Dec. 12 holiday party to curb “unprofessional behavior,” but so far it’s the exception. Cre8’s Kermaani visits the startups herself to get a read on the environment and her models’ safety. “If somebody is creepy toward me, and I’m the owner of the company, I can guarantee they’ll be creepy to the models,” she says. “Silicon Valley doesn’t have the best reputation.”

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Cina. Ceec, un nome da imparare. Dazi ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-27.

Visegrad 001

Tutte le notizie possono essere commentate da differenti punti di vista, ciascuno dei quali mette in particolare risalto uno dei tanti aspetti.

Tra di questi, uno è costantemente sorvolato e sottotaciuto dai media occidentali: argomento particolarmente scomodo, ma non per questo inesistente.

Mentre l’Occidente sta dibattendosi in una crisi politica di severa portata, che raggiunge il suo massimo espressivo nella impossibilità di formare governi coesi e determinati, con movimenti e partiti minoritari che si rifiutano di accettare il ruolo di essere minoranze, mentre l’Occidente disperde l’opinione pubblica su temi etici e morali di dubbia consistenza ed utilità, mentre l’Occidente constata la evanescenza delle proprie teorie economiche non più, e vistosamente, in grado di gestire i tempi correnti, la Cina e la Russia stanno sviluppando un piano politico ed economico volto a formare un nuovo baricentro euroasiatico.

Molte quindi le possibili considerazioni.

In primo luogo, mentre in passato l’Occidente rendeva conto di gran parte dell’economia mondiale, al momento attuale le nazioni del G-7 generano circa il trenta per cento del pil mondiale. Il sistema economico occidentale non ha quindi dimensioni e forza per condizionare il resto del mondo, mentre questo ultimo ha dimensioni e forza per condizionare l’Occidente. La conseguenza è lapalissiana: l’Occidente non è più libero di scegliersi le strade da percorrere e le modalità di azione: o si adegua, oppure soccombe.

In secondo luogo, l’Unione Europea ha iniziato a frantumarsi. Se i partiti bollati come ‘populisti’ non hanno ancora conquistato dei governi europei, con la loro stessa presenza ne condizionano indirizzi ed azioni. La crisi politica francese ed austriaca, spagnola ed italiana, nonché quella tedesca paralizzano l’Unione Europea. Paralisi politica che si riverbera severamente sulla attività della Banca Centrale, proprio nel momento di inizio del tapering.

In terzo luogo, fino a quando aveva un qualche potere, Frau Merkel ed i suoi alleati europei si erano posti per motivazioni ideologiche in posizioni conflittuali con i paesi del Visegrad e, più generalmente parlando, con quelli dell’est europeo, Russia compresa. In alcune dichiarazioni, la dirigenza dell’Unione si era anche sbilanciata al punto di voler imporre al Visegrad sanzioni. Alla luce dell’attuale crisi queste posizioni sembrerebbero essere non più a lungo sostenibili.

In quarto luogo, come prima ricordato, l’Unione Europea non è più libera di decidere ciò che vuole. La Cina, assieme alla Russia, ha sviluppato il Ceec, China and Central and Eastern European Countries, nel cui ambito si muove con saggi criteri paritetici, senza esercitare la minima pressione sulle situazioni interne dei paesi membri. Una unione economica di sedici paesi. Molto significativo l’esame del sito di questa nuova organizzazione. Le fotografie prese ad icona dei singoli stati, per Bosnia Erzegovina, Bulgaria, Repubblica Ceka, Estonia, Ungheria, Lettonia, Macedonia, Polonia, Serbia, e Slovenia sono chiese, fatto del tutto impensabile invece nell’Unione Europea.

In quinto luogo, appaiono evidenti almeno due aspetti dell’interna questione. Come detto prima, la Cina non interferisce in nulla nei problemi interni dei paesi partner, ma investe cifre colossali in infrastrutture di trasporti ed utilities che nell’ambito del progetto Belt and Road superano abbondantemente i millecinquecento miliardi di dollari. Queste due considerazioni evidenziano il netto contrasto con il modo di agire dell’Unione Europea, che devolve la quasi totalità del proprio bilancio in welfare oppure in imprese ideologiche avulse dalle esigenze correnti dei mercati.

In sesto luogo, i numeri parlano chiaro. I paesi dell’est europeo stanno ricevendo più fondi dalla Cina che non dall’Unione Europea, che, anzi, fa persino pesare quel poco che concede. È evidente che alla fine queste nazioni saranno anche costrette a rivedere il proprio schieramento in seno alla Nato, con tutte le sequenziali conseguenze.

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Dazi doganali ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%?

Sicuramente questa manovra faciliterà le esportazioni verso la Cina, anche se nel contempo ne consoliderà la leadership. Ma altrettanto sequenzialmente evidenzia come un miglioramento del sistema economico occidentale dipenda più dalla Cina e dalla Russia che non dall’Occidente.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. China to cut tariffs on consumer goods

BEIJING, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) — China will further reduce tariffs on consumer goods, including food and infant formula, in the third cut since 2015.

Effective next month, the average import tax on some food, health products, medicine, daily chemicals, clothing, footwear, and other products will drop to 7.7 percent from 17.3 percent, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) said Friday in an online statement.

Some types of baby milk powder and diapers will have zero tariffs, according to an MOF list.


XinuaNet. 2017-03-05. China collects over 400 bln yuan in taxes from major FTZs

BEIJING, March 5 (Xinhua) — China collected 409 billion yuan (59.3 billion U.S. dollars) in taxes in four major free trade zones (FTZs) last year, data from the State Administration of Taxation (SAT) showed.

The tax revenue growth was driven by fast development, reasonable industrial structure and strong innovation in the Shanghai, Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong FTZs.

Nearly 90 percent of the tax revenue came from the modern services sector, while high-end manufacturing witnessed strong growth in tax revenue, SAT data showed.

SAT data showed tax receipts from car manufacturing had annual growth of 44 percent last year, 34 percentage points higher than the national average.

Internet, software and information technology services posted stellar growth in tax revenues. The Guangdong FTZ, supported by tech-hub Shenzhen, saw tax revenues from the two sectors increase 470 percent and 390 percent respectively year on year.

FTZs are part of government efforts to test reform policies, including interest rate liberalization and fewer investment restrictions to better integrate the economy with international practice.

China launched its first FTZ in Shanghai in 2013. In late 2014, Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong were allowed to set up a second group of FTZs. Another seven were approved in August 2016 in a bid to replicate the success of previous trials.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Chinese premier leaves for Hungary visit, SCO meeting in Russia.

«BEIJING, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang left Beijing on Sunday morning for an official visit to Hungary and the sixth meeting of heads of government of China-Central and Eastern European Countries in Budapest.

Li will also attend the 16th meeting of the Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the Russian city of Sochi from Nov. 30 to Dec. 1.»


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Premier Li vows to bring China-CEEC cooperation, China-Hungary ties to new high

«BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has vowed to bring cooperation between China and the 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) and relations between China and Hungary to a higher level.

Li made the statement in an article published on the newspaper The Hungarian Times before attending the sixth meeting of heads of government of China and the CEEC on Nov. 26-29 in Budapest and paying an official visit to Hungary. Full Story»

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BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has vowed to bring cooperation between China and the 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) and relations between China and Hungary to a higher level.

Li made the statement in an article published on the newspaper The Hungarian Times before attending the sixth meeting of heads of government of China and the CEEC on Nov. 26-29 in Budapest and paying an official visit to Hungary.

“This is an important meeting held at the fifth anniversary of the launching of China-CEEC cooperation (16+1 cooperation). I’m looking forward to the meeting and the visit,” Li said.

Noting that Chinese President Xi Jinping announced in May the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries, Li said he is full of confidence about China-Hungary relations and the prospect of China-CEEC cooperation.

The premier recalled that the first China-CEEC economic and trade forum was held in Budapest in 2011 and, a year later, the 17 countries established a new trans-regional cooperation platform, called the 16+1 cooperation.

Over the five years, the 16+1 cooperation has been growing and the mechanism improving, bringing about remarkable progress to cooperation in all fields, Li said.

Political mutual trust between China and the CEEC countries has been deepened, with the two sides having established cooperation mechanisms in about 20 areas, he said.

Economic cooperation has been growing steadily, with bilateral trade increasing to 58.7 billion U.S. dollars in 2016 from 43.9 billion dollars in 2010 and the completion of a number of landmark infrastructure projects, said the premier.

People-to-people exchanges have been strengthened in the fields of education, culture, health, tourism, media, think tank, political party and youth, and at local levels, he said.

After a great start, the 16+1 cooperation demands a new direction and new momentum, the premier said, adding that he will work with CEEC leaders to review what the two sides have achieved in the five years and draw a blueprint for the future.

On China-Hungary ties, Li said both countries are beneficiaries and supporters of economic globalization, and it is in line with the fundamental interests of the two countries to stick to trade and investment liberalization and facilitation.

Speaking highly of the strategic alignment of the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative with Hungary’s Eastern Opening policy, Li said the Belt and Road Initiative and 16+1 cooperation have put the two countries’ economic and trade cooperation on a fast lane, with progress made in the areas of investment, finance, agriculture, scientific and technological innovation and small and medium-sized enterprises.

China and Hungary have also made strides in people-to-people exchange and cooperation in the areas of culture, education, sports, tourism and traditional Chinese medicine, he said.

Both sides hold that China-Hungary ties have entered the best period in history, Li said.

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has set out a grand blueprint and action guideline for future development of China, said Li, adding that a more open and prosperous China will surely bring more and greater opportunities to all countries in the world including Hungary.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Commentary: Less anxious, more active EU needed in China-CEE cooperation

«BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — As Chinese Premier Li Keqiang heads to Budapest on Sunday for the sixth meeting of heads of government of China-Central and Eastern European (CEE) Countries, the once lagging behind part of Europe gets another chance to showcase its new title — the fastest growing region in Europe.

Data from the European Union (EU) lists Romania (8.6 percent in Q3, 2017), Latvia (6.2 percent), Poland and Czech Republic (both 5.0 percent) as top four fastest growing economies in the Union, which happen to be members of the China-CEE cooperation framework and take the lion’s share of China’s investment in the region.»


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Transport most promising field of cooperation between Poland, CEEC, China: Polish PM.

WARSAW, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) — Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo on Wednesday said transport is “one of the most promising fields of cooperation between Poland, the whole Central and Eastern Europe, and China.”

She made the statement as ministers of transport from China and Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC) met here on Wednesday for the second CEEC-China Transport Ministers’ Meeting, which aims to improve cooperation in the area of transport.

During the opening ceremony, Szydlo said Poland has plans to develop the country’s transport infrastructure, including road, rail, air, sea links and inland waterways.

He Jianzhong, vice-minister of transport of China, said that China is willing to work with CEEC to promote the integration of Eurasian transport, accelerate interconnection of infrastructure and work together for a new chapter in China-CEEC transport cooperation.

 

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio

Cina. Inizia a rendere pan per focaccia. Siete avvisati.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-21.

2017-11-21__Gigi_Hadid__003

Il Sommo Newton aveva stabilito il terzo principio della dinamica:

«Per ogni forza che un corpo A esercita su di un altro corpo B, ne esiste istantaneamente un’altra uguale in modulo e direzione, ma opposta in verso, causata dal corpo B che agisce sul corpo A»

che può essere espresso anche in questi termini:

«ad ogni azione corrisponde sempre una uguale ed opposta reazione».

*

Questo principio fisico generale si attaglia benissimo ai rapporti umani si tratta per come si è trattati.

«Tantum dabis, tantum dabo».

*

Per decenni e decenni i liberal hanno rovesciato sulla Cina ogni possibile quantità e qualità di vituperi, spesso poi seguiti da azioni di censura. Per non parlare di una continua denigrazione.

Recentemente l’Handelsblatt, giornale della confindustria tedesca, ha ricordato che:

«Contrary to the beliefs of many people here, the West’s political model is not universally accepted in the rest of the world».

Parole che avevano seguito a ruota la dichiarazione di Mr Macron:

«I believe in the sovereignty of states, and therefore, just as I don’t accept being lectured on how to govern my country, I don’t lecture others» [Macron]

Cina. Una nuova legge sulle Ong (Ngo).

La ‘casa’ di Shanghai. Capire cosa sia la Cina di oggi.

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Come detto, per decenni l’Occidente si è scagliato contro la Cina, accusandola di essersi dotata della forma di governo a lei più confacente, oppure di aver negato alle ogn internazionali di agire sul suo territorio: la hanno bollata, e continuano a farlo, di essere “antidemocratica“.

Orientali e cinesi sono proverbiali per la loro pazienza, ma avere pazienza non significa che alla fine non si prendano provvedimenti. Bene: adesso stanno colpendo l’Occidente usando le sue stesse armi.

«Gigi Hadid has pulled out of the Victoria’s Secret fashion show in Shanghai, meaning one of the underwear brand’s most famous models will not be appearing in its biggest event of the year»

*

«This decision has been welcomed by many in China, after she caused offence by impersonating the Buddha and “mocking Asians” in a “racist” Instagram video»

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«Hadid has apologised multiple times for the video, in which she holds up a cookie in the shape of the Buddha, then smiles and squints her eyes to imitate his face»

*

«[If she] despises Asian people, why would she come to Asia? [I] boycott [her] firmly»

* * * * * * * *

La Cina ha colpito un business di gran conto e, soprattutto, una delle icone del mondo occidentale.

Una giovanissima modella, né ci si è dimenticati di quanto accadde a Milano il 22 settembre 2016, che vive la “gender fluidity”: e siccome ciò va bene a lei ed ai liberal, dovrebbe anche andar bene ai cinesi.

“Vogue” apologizes for “gender fluidity” cover featuring Gigi Hadid and Zayn Malik

Essendo atea, Miss  Gigi Hadid si permette di sbeffeggiare Buddha, persona sacra in gran parte del mondo: ma in Cina mastica amaro. Semplicemente non le danno il visto di ingresso: è persona sgradita.

Ma nessuno si faccia la minima illusione: in un domani andranno a prenderla.

* * * * * * * *

Ci si pensi bene, perché i cinesi, come tutti gli Orientali, sono sottili.

Questo caso va ben oltre la figura di Mrs Gigi Hadid, ben nota solo per mostrare in pubblico ogni centimetro quadrato della propria pelle, in ossequio ai dettami del femminismo spinto.

È il primo chiaro segnale che l’Occidente può entrare in Cina solo se la comprende e rispetta.

Il secondo segnale è altrettanto chiaro. I liberal odiano la religione, qualsiasi essa sia, la irridono, la deridono e non perdono ocasione per sberleffiarla. Con i cristiani gli va di lusso perché questi reagiscono ben poco, ma con gli islamici, per esempio, sono molto più cauti: non sono gente di spirito.

Adesso hanno il segnale anche dalla Cina. I liberal si sonono convinti che i cinesia siano ‘comunisti’ e che di conseguenza siano atei attivi. Errore colossale, tipico di chi non conosca la Cina. Adesso dovrebbero aver capito che i cinesi ci tengono a Buddha.

I tempi in cui i liberal credevano di essere i padroni del mondo non esiste più: sono solo cascami della storia.

E poi, non sono più al governo in nessuna nazione occidentale: contano ancora qualcosa qui in Occidente, ma ogni giorno il loro potere si squaglia come neve al sole.

L’Occidente è stato avvisato: se non rientrasse nei ranghi non metterebbe più piede in Cina a cercar di vendere le sue minutaglie.


Ansa. 2017-11-21. La Cina nega il visto a Gigi Hadid, non sarà angelo Victoria’s Secret Show /VIDEO

Brutte notizie per Gigi Hadid, e per i suoi fan. La bellissima modella infatti non prenderà parte al Victoria’s Secret Show. Il motivo? Lo show si terrà a Shanghai ma la Cina ha deciso di negare il visto alla star a causa di un video che aveva postato la sorella Bella Hadid lo scorso febbraio e che era stato giudicato offensivo e razzista da molti utenti asiatici.
A confermare la notizia è stata proprio la Hadid, spiegandola con un tweet: “Sono molto triste nell’annunciare che non calcherò la passerella del Victoria’s Secret Show di Shanghai. Amo la mia famiglia di Victoria’s e sarò lì con lo spirito.”
Nel video incriminato si vede Gigi che tiene tra le mani quello che sembra essere un biscotto a forma di Buddha e, mentre lo avvicina al viso, chiude gli occhi, quasi a imitarne l’immagine, un gesto che molti hanno visto come offensivo nei confronti di chi gli occhi a mandorla li ha davvero.


The Telegraph. 2017-11-21. Gigi Hadid pulls out of Shanghai Victoria’s Secret show after causing offence with Buddha impression

Gigi Hadid has pulled out of the Victoria’s Secret fashion show in Shanghai, meaning one of the underwear brand’s most famous models will not be appearing in its biggest event of the year.

This decision has been welcomed by many in China, after she caused offence by impersonating the Buddha and “mocking Asians” in a “racist” Instagram video.

Users wrote on Weibo after it was announced, with one warning: “Don’t come, I am serious, never come to China.”

Another wrote: “This is the greatest news I have ever heard.”

And another chided: “What garbage. Don’t  try to praise her by calling her a super model.”

The 22-year-old model, who was supposed to walk the runway with her sister Bella Hadid, wrote on Twitter: “I’m so bummed I won’t be able to make it to China this year. Love my VS family, and will be with all my girls in spirit!! Can’t wait to tune in with everyone to see the beautiful show I know it will be, and already can’t wait for next year!”

Some have speculated it was decided she shouldn’t go after she offended many when she squinted her eyes in an attempt to impersonate the Buddha.

Hadid has apologised multiple times for the video, in which she holds up a cookie in the shape of the Buddha, then smiles and squints her eyes to imitate his face.”

When it was announced she would be walking in the Victoria’s Secret show in Shanghai, many wrote of their anger and shock.

One wrote: “Don’t come to Shanghai. You’re not welcome here. Screw off!”

Another said: “[If she] despises Asian people, why would she come to Asia? [I] boycott [her] firmly.”

Gigi Hadid’s management has been contacted for comment.

After the controversy over the video erupted, the model wrote on social media: “It hurts me to hurt anyone, and I want you all to know that it was never my intent to offend anyone through my actions and I sincerely apologise to those who were hurt or felt let down by me.

“I have the utmost respect and love for the people of China and cherish the incredible memories I have made while visiting in the past. I have learned to be very careful of how my actions can come off or be portrayed and I’m hopeful you’ll accept my apology.

“I hope to meet many of you and let you get to know me for me. I do not condone hurtful behaviour and want people and fans of all backgrounds to know they are welcomed, loved and respected around me and by me.”