Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Geopolitica America Latina.

Venezuela. Anche oggi ha onorato le cedole in scadenza.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-13.

Orso Polare 001

Durante un ballo a corte la contessa Giovanna di Kent perse una giarrettiera. Re re Edoardo III si chinò a raccoglierla e si offrì di darle una mano per indossarla nuovamente. Correva l’anno 1348.

I cortigiani bisbigliarono e fecero maliziosi commenti.

Il re si rivolse loro e disse:

«Honi soit qui mal y pense!»

“Sia vituperato chi ne pensa male!”.

*

2017-11-13__Venezuela__001

Oggi il Venezuela ha onorato le cedole in scadenza.

Attenzione!

Dietro al cucciolo c’è l’orsa, grande, grossa e ben poco socievole.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. Elezioni 2018. Mr Bolsonaro si candiderebbe.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-04.

2017-10-03__Bolsonaro__001

Il problema politico ed economico del Brasile sarebbe molto difficilmente comprensibile se non si tenesse conto del mutato scenario mondiale.

In estrema sintesi, nel giro di un solo anno i liberal democratici hanno perso negli Stati Uniti le elezioni presidenziali, il controllo del Congresso, quello del senato, ed hanno anche perso cinque consecutive elezioni suppletive. In Francia il partito socialista è crollato dal 62% all’attuale 8% e Mr Macron nelle elezioni per il rinnova del senato francese ha conquistato 22 su 140 seggi: non ha quindi la maggioranza. Il Germania le elezioni politiche hanno sanzionato la scomparsa della socialdemocrazia, ridotta al 20.5%, ed una severa sconfitta della Union, Cdu e Csu, di Frau Merkel, il cui credo politico è ascrivibile alla dottrina liberal. Il Regno Unito ha votato in un referendum di lasciare l’Unione Europea.

In poche parole, socialisti ideologici e liberal hanno perso il governo in America, nel Regno Unito, in Francia ed in Germania, ossia i tutti i paesi occidentali di peso politico ed economico, i quali in passato avevano potuto condizionare almeno la propria sfera di influenza politica ed economica.

Il fatto che le sinistre abbiano perso i governi ed appaiano almeno al momento, con ben poche chance di poterlo riconquistare a breve termine, non significa però che siano state ridotte alla impotenza. Hanno ancora dalla propria parte una porzione ancora consistente di potere finanziario ed economico, nonché gran parte dei media: due strumenti ‘bellici‘ di tutto rispetto, anche se si iniziano a vedere i segni della disgregazione. Saranno cruciali le elezioni di mezzo termine negli Stati Uniti.

* * * * * * *

Non desti quindi stupore che in Brasile per le elezioni presidenziali del 2018 si inizino a ventilare candidature non di sinistra, candidature che prima sarebbero state semplicemente impossibili per le evidenti reazioni dei partner occidentali.

La stampa occidentale risponde a queste candidature con la solita metodologia che ha assicurato la scomparsa dei liberal democratici e dei socialisti ideologici, e questo è da molti punti di vista manna da Cielo per i nuovi candidati, che sono accusati di ciò che agli occhi dei liberal erano orrendi reati, ma dei quali la gente comune, gli Elettori, non se ne fanno più nulla. Manna dal Cielo, dicevamo, perché così non si affrontano i problemi reali dei paesi e della gente.

* * *

«A seven-term congressman, Bolsonaro is emerging as the law-and-order and anti-corruption candidate for the October 2018 vote»

*

«His support is fed by a surge in violent crime and Brazil’s worst-ever graft scandal, which has implicated much of the political class, including President Michel Temer»

*

«For many disillusioned voters in Latin America’s largest country, Bolsonaro’s appeal lies in his clean record, with not a single allegation of graft raised against him»

*

«Battling what he sees as a hostile press, Bolsonaro aims to use social media to deliver his message directly to voters, as Trump did successfully in the U.S. election last year»

*

«His Facebook page has more followers than any other politician in Brazil – 4.5 million.»

Domandiamoci allora: a fronte di quattro milioni e mezzo di brasiliani che seguono Mr Bolsonaro in Facebook, quante saranno le persone che leggono in The New York Times, ascoltano la Cnn oppure consultano Bloomberg? Diciamo, ventimila?

* * *

Ma di cosa lo accusano i media liberal?

«he was a homophobe, a fascist, a racist, a Nazi»

*

«Bolsonaro’s homophobic reputation arose from his strident opposition to same-sex unions and attacks on a sexual education program for schools that he said encouraged homosexuality»

*

«He has maintained that adoption of children by same-sex couples is tantamount to pedophilia.»

E quando mai si sarebbe visto un “fascista” oppure un “nazionalsocialista” che è stato eletto deputato con libere elezioni?

* * *

Ma il programma politico di Mr Bolsonaro tratta temi ben più importanti.

«China is taking over Brazil and that is worrying»

*

«Bolsonaro’s priority in foreign affairs would be to strengthen ties with Washington, especially with Trump in the White House»

*

«He would aim to make the United States Brazil’s main trade partner, a position it lost to China in 2009»

*

«he is the only politician who has not stolen»

Sicuramente: non è né liberal né socialista.

* * * * * * *

Sinceramente parlando, la gente comune, gli Elettori, sono francamente stanchi di sentire queste farneticazioni di deliri erotici dei liberal. Sembrerebbe quasi che al di là dell’omosessualità e di tutte le altre perversioni sessuali non esistano problemi degni di pubblica discussione. Fascismo e nazionalsocialismo sono ideologie morte settanta anni or sono: oramai non si trovano in giro nemmeno i loro fantasmi.

Gli Elettori vogliono sentir parlare di cose reali, pratiche: vivere meglio e con maggiori entrate. Su questi temi vogliono ed intendono discutere.


Bloomberg. 2017-09-27. Far-right presidential hopeful aims to be Brazil’s Trump

BRASILIA (Reuters) – He is anti-gay, pro-gun and warns that China is taking over Brazil. And with one year to go before Brazil’s presidential election, right-wing Congressman Jair Bolsonaro is running second in opinion polls.

Bolsonaro, a 62-year-old former paratrooper, lacks a major party behind him but hopes to emulate Donald Trump’s unexpected rise to the U.S. presidency with the support of Brazilians fed up with corrupt politicians and bad government.

“Trump faced the same attacks I am facing – that he was a homophobe, a fascist, a racist, a Nazi – but the people believed in his platform, and I was rooting for him,” Bolsonaro told Reuters in an interview this week in his office in Brasilia, decorated with the portraits of five military presidents from Brazil’s 1964-1985 dictatorship.

A seven-term congressman, Bolsonaro is emerging as the law-and-order and anti-corruption candidate for the October 2018 vote. His support is fed by a surge in violent crime and Brazil’s worst-ever graft scandal, which has implicated much of the political class, including President Michel Temer.

For many disillusioned voters in Latin America’s largest country, Bolsonaro’s appeal lies in his clean record, with not a single allegation of graft raised against him.

Many others in the Catholic country, however, are outraged by misogynist comments and outspoken support for Brazil’s former military dictatorship, including its use of torture.

Bolsonaro is appealing a conviction for inciting violence after he told a female congresswoman on the floor of the lower house that he “would not rape her because she did not deserve it.”

After a high-ranking army officer, General Antonio Mourão, warned this month the military could seize power if Brazil’s courts do not punish corrupt politicians, Bolsonaro played down the remark.

“It was just a warning. Nobody wants to seize power that way,” he said, adding with a smile: “Maybe we could have a military man winning in 2018, but through elections.”

Battling what he sees as a hostile press, Bolsonaro aims to use social media to deliver his message directly to voters, as Trump did successfully in the U.S. election last year. His Facebook page has more followers than any other politician in Brazil – 4.5 million.

A poll by Datafolha in June put him second in voting intentions for the 2018 elections, at 16 percent, trailing only former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, at 30 percent, who has been convicted of corruption and could be barred from running.

However, political watchers say Bolsonaro’s appeal is likely to wane as opponents play on his divisive comments. His rejection rate of 30 percent is only surpassed by Lula’s 46 percent and the Governor of Sao Paulo Geraldo Alckmin’s 34 percent.

POLICIES

Bolsonaro’s homophobic reputation arose from his strident opposition to same-sex unions and attacks on a sexual education program for schools that he said encouraged homosexuality. He has maintained that adoption of children by same-sex couples is tantamount to pedophilia.

As he prepares for a presidential run, Bolsonaro has moderated his rhetoric, telling Reuters that politics had no place in the bedroom and what adults did between the sheets was a private matter.

But he won’t budge on other policies such as easing gun control laws so any Brazilian can purchase a weapon. He said pro-gun bills he has sponsored should win approval in a more conservative Congress elected in 2018.

While pledging to continue current efforts to reduce red tape and the size of the state, Bolsonaro would not privatize companies considered strategic, such as state-run oil company Petrobras – a national development strategy espoused by Brazil’s military governments.

If elected, Bolsonaro’s priority in foreign affairs would be to strengthen ties with Washington, especially with Trump in the White House. He would aim to make the United States Brazil’s main trade partner, a position it lost to China in 2009.

“China is taking over Brazil and that is worrying. They are investing in mining, agriculture, energy, ports and airports,” Bolsonaro said, pledging to restrict Chinese investors from buying Brazilian companies.

At the end of the interview, Bolsonaro stood up and saluted in front of the portraits of the five military presidents. Outside, people lined up to get selfies with him.

“I want a photo. He is the only politician who has not stolen,” said Marcos, 18, a student from Goias state.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. Laboratorio di devoluzione socialista. Lula ancora a giudizio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-10-07.

 raffaello-san-michele-vince-satana-1504-museo-del-louvre

Il Brasile è diventato il laboratorio mondiale della devoluzione del socialismo ideologico.

Ciò cui stiamo assistendo ora in quella bella nazione, lo vedremo tra qualche anno qui, nei resti di quella che fu l’Unione Europea, almeno di quella così come oggi è concepita e gestita.

Lula rinviato a giudizio per corruzione. E siamo solo agli inizi.

Rousseff impeached. Prima testa socialista nella cesta.

Brasile. Punto della situazione.

L’internazionale socialista frana anche in America Latina.

«Non è caduta la testa di Dilma Rousseff: è caduta la prima testa di una socialista al governo, primizia di una lunga stagione.»

*

«Brazil’s federal police have requested formal corruption charges against former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva»

*

«Brazil’s leftist Workers’ Party has lost badly in Sao Paulo, the country’s biggest city, in a vote seen as a preview of the 2018 presidential election»

*

Non stiamo assistendo soltanto al fatto, peraltro inusuale, di un popolo che sia riuscito a trovare la forza di portare alla sbarra degli imputati una classe politica corrotta al limite delle depravazione.

È crollato tutto quel network internazionale che costituiva la forza mondiale del socialismo ideologico e che va sotto il nome di internazionale socialista, sia di per sé, sia nelle sue diverse varianti, quali per esempio la Luther Connection in Germania e nei paesi del Nord Europa.

Il socialismo implode sotto il peso delle sue contraddizioni interne.

Non sta implodendo solo per aver fallito il suo obiettivo dichiarato di garantire progresso economico e welfare generalizzato.

Sta sgretolandosi dovunque la sua Weltanschauung, la sua concezione statalista al limite della statolatria, ossia dell’atteggiamento di fede cieca e assoluta nei poteri dello stato e nella sua azione regolatrice, che alla fine degenera nel culto dello stato.

I partiti socialisti dei diversi paesi si spalleggiavano vicendevolmente, perché avevano generato una super entità che avrebbe sempre ed in ogni modo garantito ai suoi capi posti sicuri quanto remunerativi. Basi pensare alle carriere che molti suoi rappresentanti hanno fatto, e stanno facendo, nelle organizzazioni internazionali da essi controllate. Basti pensare alle coperture concesse a criminali quali Cesare Battisti in Francia prima, in Brasile dopo.

*

Ma forse il fatto nuovo, il vero elemento prima mai riscontrato, è l’incriminazione: il fatto che gli ex-governanti siano incriminati e portati in giudizio, a render conto del loro operato. Una sorta di Norimberga II.

In questo il Brasile è la primizia.

Poi, con il tempo ma sicuramente senza perderne la memoria, sarà il turno di tutti gli altri attuali governanti socialisti. Ciò che ora sostengono come fosse giusto, legale e lecito sarà a suo tempo loro imputato come ingiusto, iniquo illecito.

Saranno trattati per come hanno trattato.

Né si facciano illusioni di sorta.

Eichmann ce lo siamo andati a prendere: lo abbiamo processato, condannato e giustiziato.


Reuters. 2016-10-06. Brazil police seek more charges against Lula in graft case: source

Brazil’s federal police have requested formal corruption charges against former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in a case involving contracts obtained by building and engineering conglomerate Odebrecht [ODBES.UL] in Angola, a source said on Wednesday.

The source, who asked not to be identified because of the sensitive nature of the information, said that Lula was among 10 people that police have requested be charged in a document sent by police to prosecutors.

Under Brazilian law, only prosecutors can formally charge someone after a police investigation and those charges must then be approved by a judge.

Lula has already been charged twice in connection to a massive anti-corruption investigation centered on state oil company Petrobras and will stand trial before anti-corruption judge Sergio Moro. The trial date has not been set.

In an emailed statement, lawyers representing Lula “repudiated” on Wednesday that the police document was leaked.

They said they asked police for a copy of the document, but were told it was already in the hands of federal prosecutors. The lawyers said their request to see the document was denied by the prosecutors.

“It’s strange, to say the least, that the day after the police inquiry was referred to prosecutors, the press obtained it first … and at the same time it is denied to the defense,” read the statement from the Sao Paulo-based Teixeira, Martins & Advogados firm that represents the Lula family.

Prosecutors did not immediately respond to after-hours requests for comment.


Deutsche Welle. 2016-10-03. Brazil’s leftist Workers’ Party loses control of Sao Paulo in municipal elections

Brazil’s leftist Workers’ Party has lost badly in Sao Paulo, the country’s biggest city, in a vote seen as a preview of the 2018 presidential election. The country is beset by its worst economic crisis since the 1930s.

*

Brazil’s Workers’ Party lost control of Sao Paulo city hall in municipal elections on Sunday in a major setback.

With more than 90 percent of the votes tallied, Joao Doria, a millionaire businessman with the centrist Brazilian Social Democrat Party (PSDB), won over 53 percent of the vote, according to official results. He beat out the Workers’ Party mayor of Brazil’s largest city, Fernando Haddad.

Although a second runoff vote had been highly predicted, Doria cleared the required 50 percent barrier, giving him an outright win.

The loss in Sao Paulo represents a major defeat for the Workers’ Party, which has steered Brazil for the last 13 years as disillusioned voters headed to the polls in the first big ballot since President Dilma Rousseff was ousted in an impeachment vote in late August.

Voting took place in more than 5,500 municipalities and will help measure voter anger over a sputtering economy, disgust with endemic corruption and divisions over Rousseff’s impeachment, as well as local issues.

“It’s a very hard defeat for the Workers’ Party,” said Michael Mohallem, an expert on politics at the Getulia Vargas Foundation, speaking with the Agence France-Presse. “The question is how hard it would be – and it was very hard.”

The campaign has been marred by deadly violence – 15 candidates or politicians have been murdered over the past 10 months in the main hot spot, Rio de Janeiro.

‘Shocking’ murder

The latest victim, Jose Gomes da Rocha, was running for mayor in Itumbiara in the state of Goias.

He was shot dead Wednesday, along with a police officer, while campaigning. The state’s deputy governor was wounded in the attack, but the gunman was killed by security guards.

Supreme Court Chief Justice Gilmar Mendes called the incident “shocking.”

Fears of election violence prompted the deployment of tens of thousands of troops to more than 400 municipalities. The police presence was doubled, with officers guarding the ballot boxes and voting stations.

Militias are reportedly forcing candidates to pay an “election tax” to campaign in areas under their control, with fees running from 15,000 to 120,000 reais ($4,600 to $37,000/4,100 to 32,750 euros).

Voting is obligatory in Brazil, but many disgusted voters said earlier Sunday that they would just as soon stay home.

“What’s the point? There are no alternatives, look left, look right, all the candidates are corrupt,” said Ana da Rocha, a maid who lives on the outskirts of Brasilia, told Reuters.

“Once they get elected, they do nothing but look after themselves, so they don’t have to work again in their lives,” she added.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Lula rinviato a giudizio per corruzione. E siamo solo agli inizi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-09-21.

 raffaello-san-michele-vince-satana-1504-museo-del-louvre

Tempi grami per il socialismo ideologico nel mondo: le ruote della sorte sembrerebbero essere girate in modo irreversibile.

Sta crollando quella internazionale socialista, sorta di soccorso rosso, che fino a poco tempo fa aveva reso i suoi esponenti immuni da ogni forma di giudizio.

Scomparsi i socialisti francesi, in rotta i socialdemocratici tedeschi, in difficoltà o democratici americani, in Brasile i giudici hanno adesso mano libera.

L’ex presidente Lula è stato rinviato a giudizio assieme alla moglie ed ad altri sei coimputati.

Chi mai lo avrebbe detto anche solo qualche anno or sono, quando era stato talmente forte, the power that be, da rifiutare l’estradizione dell’omicida Cesare Battisti, rifugiato in Brasile, scappato dalla Francia che a lungo lo aveva protetto, come “rifugiato politico“?

L’incriminazione di Lula segue l’impeachment a Dilma Roussef, ex presidente socialista del Brasile.

Se Lula fosse riconosciuto colpevole, non potrebbe presentarsi alle elezioni del 2018.

*

Questi fatti dovrebbero dare molti argomenti sui quali ripensare a fondo.

Ovunque abbiano esercitato il potere, i socialisti ideologici hanno compiuto ogni possibile sorta di misfatti, ritenendosi immuni da ogni possibile forma di giudizio.

La storia dimostra bene quanto sia fallace una simile supposizione.

Ed adesso anche qui, nella nostra povera Europa, i socialisti fauna locale iniziano ad essere terrorizzati di fine come la Rousseff o come Lula.

E ne hanno ben ragione.

Per loro si sta profilando una Norimberga II: Juncker, Schulz, Gabriel, Hollande e sodali saranno a suo tempo processati, condannati, giustiziati.

Non si facciano nessuna illusione: saranno trattati per come hanno trattato.


Bbc. 2016-09-21. Brazil’s ex-president Lula to be tried for corruption

Brazil’s former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva will stand trial on corruption and money laundering charges over an alleged scheme at the state oil company, Petrobras, a judge has said.

*

Prosecutors say he accepted 3.7m reais ($1.11m; £867,000) in bribes connected to the multi-billion dollar scheme.

Lula, 70, had already been charged in August with allegedly obstructing investigations.

He denies any wrongdoing and says the accusations are politically motivated.

“I am sad,” Lula said. “It is a big farce, a big lie, a big pyrotechnic show.

“What’s happening isn’t getting me down, but just motivates me to go out and talk more.”

Judge Sergio Moro, who is overseeing Operation Car Wash, the investigation into corruption allegations at Petrobras, said there was “sufficient evidence of [Lula’s] responsibility”.

The money that the ex-president allegedly received was laundered through the purchase and renovation of a beach apartment, prosecutors say.

The flat was built by a construction company implicated in the scandal.

His wife, Marisa Leticia, and six others have also been indicted.

Lula was accused by prosecutors of being the “boss” of the scheme, estimated to have cost the company more than $2bn (£1.5bn).

Several politicians and Petrobras executives have been arrested and sentenced as a result of the two-year inquiry.

Investigators believe overpriced contracts with Petrobras were given in return for bribes.

Some of the illicitly-obtained money was used to finance the electoral campaign of top Brazilian politicians, they allege.

Lula, who served as president between 2003 and 2011, was one of Brazil’s most popular leaders and is seen as a possible candidate for the 2018 presidential elections.

However, the popularity of his Workers’ Party plummeted this year and his chosen successor Dilma Rousseff was impeached last month.

A criminal conviction would bar him from running in 2018.


Giornale. 2016-09-21. Lula sul banco degli imputati per corruzione e riciclaggio

Il giudice Sérgio Moro ha accolto le accuse presentate dai procuratori di Curitiba contro l’ex-presidente brasiliano per corruzione e riciclaggio. Lula verrà processato insieme alla moglie, Marisa Letícia e ad altre sei persone.

*

Il giudice federale di Curitiba, Sérgio Moro, ha accolto le accuse di corruzione e riciclaggio presentate dai pubblici ministeri contro il “presidente operaio”. Secondo i procuratori federali, Lula avrebbe ricevuto personalmente 3,7 milioni di reais (circa 1 milione di euro), come parte di un sistema di corruzione all’interno della statale petrolifera Petrobrás per un valore di di 87 milioni di reais (circa 26 milioni di euro). Uno schema di mazzette e fondi neri messo in piedi tra il 2006 e il 2012 grazie a grandi aziende edili conniventi, come il gigante delle costruzioni OAS. L’ex- presidente della OAS, Leo Pinheiro, e altri quattro top manager della società sono infatti sul banco degli imputati insieme a Lula, all’ex-first lady brasiliana, Marisa Letícia, e a Paulo Okamotto, presidente dell’Istituto Lula, la fondazione creata dall’ex-presidente dopo la fine del suo mandato e accusata di essere il veicolo di ricezione delle tangenti. Secondo i PM brasiliani, Lula avrebbe ricevuto vantaggi illeciti dalla OAS attraverso l’acquisto e l’arredo di un superattico su tre piani (triplex) nella cittadina di Guarujá, sul litorale dello stato di São Paulo, e all’immagazzinamento dei beni dell’archivio presidenziale, come i regali ricevuti dall’ex-capo dello stato durante i suoi due mandati di governo, mantenuti gratuitamente dal 2011 al 2016. Il giudice Moro ha accolto le accuse indicando come “sussistano ragionevoli indizi che l’immobile in questione sia stato destinato, ancora nel 2009, dalla OAS all’ex-presidente e a sua moglie, senza contropartite corrispondenti, rimanendo tuttavia la OAS come formale proprietaria e occultando la sua reale titolarità”.

È la prima volta che l’ex-presidente brasiliano arriva sul banco degli imputati a Curitiba, città epicentro della “Lava Jato” (“autolavaggio”, in italiano). L’operazione sta investigando il sistema corruttivo che sarebbe stato in vigore all’interno della Petrobrás tra il 2004 e il 2014, e che avrebbe provocato un buco di bilancio di 42 miliardi di reais (circa 12 miliardi di euro) nelle casse della statale petrolifera brasiliana. I fondi neri ottenuti sarebbero serviti per comprare i partiti che hanno formato la base di governo di Lula al Congresso brasiliano, i quali avrebbero ricevuto una percentuale tra l’1% e il 3% sui contratti firmati dalla Petrobrás a prezzi gonfiati. Benché Lula sia stato eletto per due mandati di fila, infatti, il suo partito, il Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT), non ha mai conquistato la maggioranza al Congresso. Per riuscire a governare il PT è stato costretto ad allearsi con una galassia di partiti, ai quali è stata garantita una contropartita economica per mantenere salda la coalizione di governo. Esattamente per lo stesso motivo, pochi mesi dopo la prima elezione di Lula, nel 2003, era scoppiato lo scandalo del Mensalão. E, non a caso, l’operazione “Lava Jato” è comunemente conosciuta in Brasile come Petrolão. Lo scorso mercoledì i magistrati brasiliani avevano presentato le accuse durante una conferenza stampa, accusando il governo Lula di essere stato una “propinocracia” (traducibile come “mazzettocrazia”, ndr). Per il procuratore di Curitiba, Deltan Dallagnol, responsabile del pool che indaga sulla Lava Jato, Lula era il “comandante máximo” del gigantesco sistema di corruzione e il “maestro di questa grande orchestra organizzata per saccheggiare le casse pubbliche”. Per la legge brasiliana, se condannato per corruzione, Lula potrebbe scontare una pena fino a 12 anni di carcere, che può essere aumentata in caso di violazione del “dovere funzionale” del pubblico ufficiale. Nel caso di riciclaggio, la condanna può arrivare fino a dieci anni di reclusione, aumentata se dovesse essere considerato membro di un’”organizzazione criminale”. Oltre alla corruzione e al riciclaggio, Lula è accusato di una serie di altri reati. Tra questi, la vendita di decreti legge durante i suoi due mandati (operazione Zelotes); la proprietà di una villa ad Atibaia ottenuta sempre per mascherare tangenti attraverso la OAS e il gigante delle costruzioni Odebrecht; il pagamento milionario di conferenze e seminari mai realizzati, sempre da parte di aziende conniventi; donazioni illegali all’Istituto Lula; ed infine la nomina dello stesso Lula come ministro della Casa Civile da parte dell’ex- presidente Dilma Rousseff, sua delfina, per proteggerlo dalle inchieste e dai processi garantendogli il foro privilegiato presso il Supremo Tribunale Federale. Ora che il governo Rousseff è caduto a causa dell’impeachment, Lula torna ad apparire nel radar della giustizia comune.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Rousseff impeached. Prima testa socialista nella cesta.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-08-31.

 Raffaello. San Michele vince satana. 1504. Museo del Louvre

Raffaello. San Michele sconfigge satana. Louvre.


In aprile era stato deciso di aprire il procedimento a carico Dilma Rousseff, 367 voti contro 137.

Oggi, 61 voti contro 20 l’impeachment è cosa fatta.

Il Deutsche Welle, tempio del socialismo ideologico tedesco, né da il mesto annuncio dicendo:

«the country’s first female president is impeached».

*

In questa frase è racchiuso tutto il fallimento socialista.

Prima tutti esultanti ed in festa perché Dilma Rousseff era una femmina.

Si sa che per i socialisti ideologici, ultraortodossi, l’essere femminile è incomparabilmente migliore di quello maschile, anzi, lo è a tal punto che chi avesse avuto la sorte di nascere maschio avrebbe dovuto affrettarsi a diventare gay.

Il maschio sarebbe a loro avviso la rovina del mondo.

Poi, se per le femmine si devono fare le quote rose, poco importa: gentili signore candiate a fare le lavascale grazie alle quote rosa sono diventate ministre o presidenti di consigli di amministrazione.

Adesso la testa di Dilma Rousseff è caduta nella cesta, e la realtà dei fatti ha dato ai socialisti un altro severo ceffone.

Ma tanto, mica che la capiscano: ci mancherebbe.

Adesso cosa faranno, cosa diranno le nostre povere femministe?

Si rifaranno con Mr Hillary Clinton, nell’attesa che anche quella testa cada nella cesta?

Povere femmine. Non ne azzeccano una nemmeno per sbaglio. Sterili nell’utero e nella mente.

Solo che i socialisti sono terrorizzati.

Non è caduta la testa di Dilma Rousseff: è caduta la prima testa di una socialista al governo, primizia di una lunga stagione. Tra poco vedremo cadere le teste di Mrs Juncker e di Herr Shulz, che in omaggio alle loro abitudini saranno conservate in un’albanella di alcol etilico assoluto in un qualche istituto di antropologia criminale.

E la testa di Lula inizia anche essa a vacillare. Prossimamente anch’essa nella polvere.

L’internazionale socialista ha paura. Tanta paura.

*

Chi non si ricorda come i socialisti dettero copertura politica ed economica a Cesare Battisti, pluriomicida brigatista rosso, prima latitante in Messico, quindi in Francia, dove ottenne persino la naturalizzazione, infine rifugiatosi in Brasile. Il Presidente Lula rifiutò la estradizione, e gli concesse il diritto di asilo come perseguitato politico.

Chi non ricorda la lunga serie di sedicenti intellettuali rossi che facevano l’apologia di quell’assassino? Ce li ricordiamo benissimo, uno per uno.

*

Bene. Noi non abbiamo dimenticato nulla.

Esattamente come non dimenticheremo certo le loro allucinanti ruberie e la depravazione etica e morale che hanno patrocinato. Sarà la rivincita delle tricoteuse.


Deutsche Welle. 2016-08-31. Brazil faces a post-Workers’ Party future as president Dilma Rousseff is impeached

After a protracted debate over Dilma Rousseff’s ouster, the country’s first female president is impeached by a vote of 61 to 20. Donna Bowater reports from Brazil that the way forward for the country remains unclear.

*

Ever since the lower house voted to open impeachment proceedings against Dilma Rousseff by 367 votes to 137 in April, the writing has been on the wall.

Carried by the momentum of anti-Workers’ Party criticism – which was driven by a failing economy and unprecedented revelations of corruption – many saw the final result as inevitable, despite union movements and popular protests in Rousseff’s defense.

But eight months after the impeachment request was first filed, and three months after Rousseff was suspended from office, opinions still diverge about the fall-out from removing the president.

Michel Temer, who was Rousseff’s vice president before taking over during her suspension, will now formally assume the presidency to see out the rest of her term until 2018.

Belonging to Brazil’s biggest party, the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party (PMDB), Temer’s tenure marks the end of 14 consecutive years of Workers’ Party rule and the new president is soon expected to represent Brazil at the G20 summit in China.

His presidency will be short-lived as he is ineligible to run for office at the next election following his conviction under campaign funding laws. But in the short-term, his priority will be economic recovery against the backdrop of a severe recession, in which two million jobs were lost over the past 12 months.

Positive impact on Brazil’s economy?

While analysts expect the downturn – prolonged by the political uncertainty of the impeachment process – to continue into 2017, investors are likely to view the end of Rousseff’s trial as a chance for stability.

“Most organizations we work with are keen for the process to be concluded,” said Emil de Carvalho, executive director of S-RM, a business intelligence and risk consultancy in Rio de Janeiro, who predicted more mergers and acquisition deals as investor confidence recovers.

“Although there are very few Temer supporters per se, the business community appears hopeful about the increased political stability his investiture is expected to bring.”

Others point out that Temer’s arrival in office back in May coincided with a slight improvement in some areas of the economy, such as in inflation and the strength of Brazil’s currency, the real.

However, the outlook remains bleak for the world’s fifth largest country with the OECD estimating negative growth in 2016 and 2017, and yet higher levels of unemployment.

Meanwhile, the ongoing Lava Jato (“Car Wash”) corruption inquiry, which has uncovered billions of dollars in bribes within the state-controlled oil company Petrobras, is expected to continue to taint Brazilian business.

“The [impeachment] process has been unsurprisingly traumatic for Brazil as it compromised decision-making, investments and the implementation of much needed political and economic reforms,” said Eduardo Valle, senior consultant at Speyside Corporate Relations.

“However, Temer and his government, once confirmed as no longer interim, will have to deal with a number of challenges and skeletons in the closet, including the ongoing economic crisis and decreasing market confidence and support.”

Many are optimistic that the Lava Jato investigation will continue unearthing corruption under the new regime while Temer will face the lingering question over the legitimacy of his position and Rousseff’s impeachment.

A weakened Workers’ Party

However, one of the biggest questions hangs over the future of the center-left Workers’ Party, which won four consecutive elections and has led the Brazilian government since the election of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in 2002.

While the party is expected to offer a robust opposition to the new government, others fear that the impeachment debacle will be a stigma for those running in local elections in October.

“I think the Workers’ Party will survive but not like it is today,” said Carlos Pereira, professor of political economy at the Getulio Vargas Foundation (FGV) think tank.

“Only those politicians who are financially dependent on the Workers’ Party will remain. Those who have greater electoral and financial viability outside of the Workers’ Party will look for other alternatives.

“I believe that coalition presidentialism will return to its normal standard, a standard of cooperation, predictability of behavior, sharing of power, construction of more homogenous coalitions.”

‘Impeachment will affect entire political system

Yet while the government and the markets try to return to business as normal, the impeachment of Rousseff is expected to inspire a fresh wave of protests by her supporters, who re-elected her with 54 million votes in 2014.

Even before the impeachment vote took place, there were clashes in Sao Paulo where an estimated 5,000 took to the streets on Monday, as police resorted to tear gas and sound bombs, and protesters set fire to tires and trash.

On Tuesday, the Landless Workers’ Movement said protesters had closed roads in Sao Paulo, Porto Alegre and Fortaleza. “The acts of today are expressions of resistance against a coup under way in Brazil,” the movement said. “A coup against the sovereignty of the popular vote, but also against social rights.”

At an anti-impeachment protest outside the Senate in Brasilia on Monday night, supporters warned that Rousseff’s impeachment would set a new standard for future elected presidents to be ousted.

“The impeachment will have an effect on the whole political system because the Workers’ Party was an essential part of it,” said Lincoln Secco, author of “History of the Workers’ Party” and history professor at the University of Sao Paulo.

“Today, a significant part of the population is without representatives and loses interest in the elections.”

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Finanza e Sistema Bancario, Geopolitica America Latina., Geopolitica Mondiale, Problemia Energetici

China Development Bank ed accordo strategico Cina – Venezuela.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-08-12.

 China Development Bank Tower

Il recente accordo strategico sino venezuelano potrebbe essere letto da molteplici punti di vista, tutti di rilevanza.

La stampa internazionale si è incentrata sul problema energetico cinese e sulla instabile situazione politica ed economica venezuelana, elementi sicuramente di grande rilevanza. La Cina infatti si assicura un rapporto con il secondo grande produttore energetico mondiale, dopo gli accordi già stilati con la Russia.

«State-run oil companies of Venezuela and China have vowed to boost output at the Orinoco oil belt, the world’s largest crude reserve, in as part of a goal to export about a million barrels a day from the South American country»

*

«The companies would improve infrastructure for their Sinovensa joint venture, which operates in the southeast oil belt, to raise output from 170,000 barrels to 275,000 barrels per day … They planned to build a new dehydration and desalination plant and double the capacity of the Jose Processing Plant in Anzoategui state to at least 330,000 barrels of extra-heavy crude in 2017»

*

«We want to ensure a steady supply regardless of oil prices»

*

«Currently, a supertanker leaves Venezuela every three days for China and it takes 45 days to reach China. We will be able to shorten the voyage by travelling via the newly expanded Panama Canal »

*

«China has lent Venezuela about US$50 billion over the past decade, much of it intended to be repaid in oil»

*

«China is forecast to account for a third of the projected increase in global oil consumption by 2021»

*

In termini sintetici:

– Cina e Venezuela hanno siglato un rapporto collaborativo e di forniture energetiche strategiche, ossia destinate a durare per decadi.

– Le forniture petrolifere non saranno a prezzo vincolato: questo rispetterà le regole di mercato, pur conservando una certa quale modulazione politica.

– La Cina potenzierà le proprie raffinerie che, come noto, sono dipendenti dalla tipologia di petrolio importato: in questo caso quello Venezuelano.

* * * * * * *

Tuttavia, ragionando in termini più strategici che economici contingenti, emerge un altro punto di ben maggiore importanza e rilevanza globale. La notizia, come spesso accade per quelle davvero importanti, è racchiusa in una sola riga di comunicato.

«a loan of US$5 billion from China Development Bank had been approved for projects to boost oil exports»

*

La China Development Bank è una società di stato, fondata nel 1994, con un net income di 10.303 trilioni di yuan nel 2015. Ricordiamo come il net income «represents the amount of money remaining after all operating expenses, interest, taxes and preferred stock dividends (but not common stock dividends) have been deducted from a company’s total revenue». Ed il tutto con soltanto 3,500 dipendenti.

Cosa è la China Development Bank?

«The China Development Bank (CDB) (simplified Chinese: 国家开发银行; traditional Chinese: 國家開發銀行; pinyin: Guójiā Kāifā Yínháng) is a financial institution in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) led by a cabinet minister level Governor, under the direct jurisdiction of the State Council. As one of three policy banks of the PRC, it is primarily responsible for raising funding for large infrastructure projects, including most of the funding for the Three Gorges Dam and Shanghai Pudong International Airport. Established by the Policy Banks Law of 1994, the bank is described as the engine that powers the national government’s economic development policies.

Debts issued by CDB owned by local banks are treated as risk free assets under the proposed People’s Republic of China capital adequacy rules i.e. same treatment as PRC government bonds. The bank is the second-biggest bond issuer in China after the Ministry of Finance in 2009, accounting for about a quarter of the country’s yuan bonds, and the biggest foreign-currency lender». [Fonte]

*

Con questa operazione la Cdb entra pesantemente nel mercato globale, vicariando e surrogando quella che in altri tempi avrebbe dovuto essere compito della World Bank e dell’International Monetary Found. Queste ultime due istituzioni internazionale sono ancora a totale guida occidentale e gestite in una totale chiusura all’economica cinese, anche se negli ultimissimi tempi lo yuan è stato ammesso come valuta dei diritti di prelievo.

Questo è un ulteriore segno di quanto il sistema finanziario ed economico cinese si sia sviluppato fino al punto da porte fare a meno di quello occidentale.

Adesso pensiamoci bene su di un punto a nostro parere della massima importanza. Valeva proprio la pena per l’Occidente e gli Stati Uniti in particolare ostracizzare in modo così radiacle la Cina dagli enti internazionali di finanziamento ed il Venezuela come stato socialista? A quanto sembrerebbe nessun danno è stato inferto alla Cina ed il secondo produttore mondiale di petrolio è entrato totalmente nella sfera di influenza strategica asiatica: non semrberebbero essere dei risultati dei quali andarsene orgogliosi.

Ricordiamo infine che in una visione di concreta Realpolitik, chi finanzia comanda.


South China Morning Post. 2016-08-06. China state-run firm to help boost Venezuela oil exports by two-thirds

State-run oil companies of Venezuela and China have vowed to boost output at the Orinoco oil belt, the world’s largest crude reserve, in as part of a goal to export about a million barrels a day from the South American country.

Venezuela exports about 600,000 barrels daily, and Petroleos de Venezuela and China National Petroleum Corporation were building new facilities to reach the target, Xinhua reported yesterday.

“We want to ensure a steady supply regardless of oil prices,” Venezuela’s Oil Minister Eulogio del Pino was quoted as saying.

The companies would improve infrastructure for their Sinovensa joint venture, which operates in the southeast oil belt, to raise output from 170,000 barrels to 275,000 barrels per day.

They planned to build a new dehydration and desalination plant and double the capacity of the Jose Processing Plant in Anzoategui state to at least 330,000 barrels of extra-heavy crude in 2017.

Del Pino said a loan of US$5 billion from China Development Bank had been approved for projects to boost oil exports.

The two nations will also improve transportation links of crude oil from the Orinoco oil belt to China.

“Currently, a supertanker leaves Venezuela every three days for China and it takes 45 days to reach China. We will be able to shorten the voyage by travelling via the newly expanded Panama Canal,” del Pino said.

To this end, a new terminal for will be built this year on the Araya peninsula in Sucre state.

Jieyang in Guangdong Province is also building a refinery for processing up to 400,000 barrels per day.

China has lent Venezuela about US$50 billion over the past decade, much of it intended to be repaid in oil.

But Venezuela’s economic woes – partly triggered by oil prices plunge – has pushed Beijing to be more cautious in granting loans to the country.

China is forecast to account for a third of the projected increase in global oil consumption by 2021, according to Bloomberg.


China Daily. 2016-08-06. Venezuela, China join efforts to produce oil.

CARACAS – State-run oil companies of Venezuela and China are joining hands to boost oil output from the Orinoco oil belt in southeastern Venezuela, which boasts one of the world’s largest oil reserves.

The Venezuelan government is seeking to export up to 1 million barrels of oil a day to China. Venezuela’s PDVSA and China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) are working together on an expansion plan to raise the export from the current 600,000 barrels per day (bpd), turning the South American country into a reliable oil exporter.

“We want to ensure a steady supply regardless of oil prices,” Venezuela’s Oil Minister Eulogio del Pino told Chinese media after a recent visit to the oil belt.

The expansion plan involves improving infrastructure for the joint venture Sinovensa running in the oil belt between the two countries, in the hope of raising its oil output to 275,000 bpd from the current level of some 170,000 bpd.

The two state-run oil companies are also planned to improve Venezuela’s capacity for oil processing, by building a new dehydration and desalination plant and doubling the capacity of the Jose Processing Plant, based in the state of Anzoategui, to at least 330,000 bpd of extra-heavy crude oil in 2017.

“We also have approved loans of $5 billion from the China Development Bank for other sides,” including inputs in other joint ventures, said del Pino.

Meanwhile, China and Venezuela are trying to make the transportation of crude oil from the Orinoco oil belt to China faster and more efficient.

“Currently, a super oil tanker leaves Venezuela every three days for China and it takes 45 days to reach China. We will be able to shorten the voyage by traveling via the newly expanded Panama Canal,” said del Pino.

To this end, a new terminal for oil tankers will be built this year on the Araya peninsula in the state of Sucre.

Furthermore, the southern Chinese city of Jieyang in Guangdong province is building an oil refinery aimed at processing up to 400,000 bpd of oil coming from Venezuela.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina., Sistemi Economici

Venezuela. Fallito all’interno, pagatore regolare all’estero.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-07-15.

 2016-07-06__Venezuela_001


Il Venezuela è una nazione di difficile comprensione. Cercheremo di sintetizzare anche al costo di essere riduttivi.

2016-07-06__Venezuela_002

(1). Tutto il sistema economico era fondato sullo sfruttamento dei giacimenti petroliferi e dava per scontato che il livello dei prezzi sarebbe sempre stato alto.

Nessuno si è preso la briga di indurre una diversificazione del sistema economico, che è risultato così essere petrolio – dipendente.

(2). Per due decenni Chávez ha fatto una politica estera di intensa propaganda a livello mondiale del socialismo, ed una politica interna di assistenzialismo al di là di ogni possibile buon senso.

Caso anomalo per essere uno stato socialista, il debito pubblico denominato in valuta locale ha oscillato tra il 40% ed il 50%. Per contro il debito pubblico denominato in valute estere, principalmente dollari, è oscillato tra il 20% ed il 30% del pil.

(3). In breve, lo stato assistenziale è andato al dissesto. Non essendo possibile per motivazioni politiche smantellarlo, il Governo è ricorso all’inflazione, portata a livelli tali da nullificare il valore delle elargizioni. Con uno stipendio odierno non si comprano che tre polli, ancora da cuocere.

Inutile dire lo stato di indigenza della popolazione, che alle ultime elezioni politiche ha severamente penalizzato il Governo.

(4). Il Venezuela ha da sempre mantenuto una posizione di ieratico rispetto per il debito estero, che ha sempre onorato sia come refusioni sia come pagamento degli interessi. I proventi petroliferi, siano essi tanti o pochi, sembrerebbero essere al servizio del debito pubblico.

(5). Recentemente il Venezuela ha stretto accordi con Cina e Russia per forniture di energetici in cambio di garanzie sul debito estero. Ovviamente, simili trattati hanno anche una valenza strategica non di poco conto. «As long as Maduro continues to pay, there will be investors willing to own the debt»

2016-07-06__Venezuela_003

* * * * * * *

Riassumendo, i bond venezuelani denominati in dollari, pur dimostrando ampie oscillazioni delle quotazioni, sono da qualche tempo a livello di 30 – 40. Rendono in altri termini attorno al 25%.

Sono quasi venti anni che la resa dei titoli di stato venezuelani hanno questa resa. Chi li avesse presi 17 anni or sono avrebbe avuto una resa del 517%.

E sono in verità molte le persone fisiche e gli istituzionali il portfolio dei quali reca un 3% – 5% di titoli venezuelani.

Il rischio sicuramente esiste, ma queste quotazioni sono quasi più da zero coupon che da titolo con mantello, e poi, finché il Venezuela continuerà a pagare regolarmentem i compratori non mancheranno.

 

«As long as Maduro continues to pay, there will be investors willing to own the debt»

*

«Venezuela’s bonds are among the highest-paying investments in emerging markets, offering today an average yield of 26 percent»

*

«That’s in dollars — in a world where many developed-nation bonds are yielding close to zero (or even less)»

*

«And since Chavez swept into office 17 years ago, the country’s bonds have handed investors a total return of 517 percent»

 

Bloomberg. 2016-07-05. Venezuela Refuses to Default. Few People Seem to Understand Why.

– As Venezuelans suffer, bond investors getting all they’re owed

– ‘Fairly shocking’ country continues to pay, Eurasia Group says

*

It’s been almost two years now since the renowned Harvard economist Ricardo Hausmann caused a stir in his native Venezuela by posing an uncomfortable question.

Why does a country that’s so starved for cash keep honoring its foreign debts? In other words, how does it justify shelling out precious hard currency to wealthy bondholders in New York when it can’t pay for basic food and medicine imports desperately needed by millions of impoverished citizens? “I find the moral choice odd,” Hausmann concluded.

He was, predictably, skewered by the administration back in Caracas — President Nicolas Maduro labeled him a “financial hitman” and an “outlaw” on national television — but today the question feels more urgent than ever. Prices for oil, Venezuela’s lifeblood, have fallen almost by half since Hausmann first spoke out and the country’s cash squeeze has deepened dramatically. The chaos has reached unprecedented levels — food rationing, looting, mob lynchings, collapsing medical care — yet through it all, bond traders have received every dime they were owed, billions and billions of dollars in all.

“There are two worlds,” said Francisco Ghersi, a managing director of Knossos Asset Management in Caracas. “The world of the bondholders and the world of what’s happening in Venezuela.”

The 21st century has produced a slew of government defaults across the globe, from Argentina to Ecuador to Ukraine. In almost every instance, the country in crisis hit the default button long before the situation got as ugly as it has in Venezuela. The only similar case that economists point to is Zimbabwe back in the early 2000s. But even that comparison is flawed, says American University professor Arturo Porzecanski, because Venezuela was significantly wealthier than Zimbabwe before crisis struck and so the South American country’s collapse has been of a much greater magnitude.

For a QuickTake explainer on Venezuela’s economy, click here.

What makes this pay-the-debt-at-any-cost approach all the more curious is that it comes in a country run by self-proclaimed socialists who have railed for the better part of two decades against foreign capitalist powers. There are endless theories, spawned in part by Hausmann’s public pronouncement, as to why the Maduro administration has stuck so doggedly to this policy. The main ones fall into three rough categories.

Food Riots

The first of them is an argument that’s been floated publicly by high-ranking government officials themselves. It states that Venezuela can wait it out till oil prices rebound. Why rock the boat, the thinking goes, if salvation is potentially just weeks away? (Prices have been rallying of late, climbing to near $50 a barrel.)

The next argument is something of a conspiracy theory born in part out of the opaque nature of the country’s finances. It posits that close associates of the administration are major holders of the country’s bonds and that the government fears it’d lose their much-needed support if the payments stopped coming in. Efforts to obtain comment from government press officials on this and other aspects of the story were unsuccessful.

The third theory, and it’s one that ties back into the first idea, states that even though Venezuela lost access to international capital markets a long time ago, a default could still deepen the government’s cash squeeze by triggering legal action from creditors that would undermine the country’s ability to export. If fewer petro-dollars flow into the country, the savings from the default could be washed away, making the situation on the ground even worse.

It’s frankly hard to imagine what a further deterioration would look like. After shrinking an estimated 7.5 percent in 2015, the economy is forecast to post an even bigger contraction this year. Food shortages are now so acute, and lines outside stores so long, that spontaneous protests are popping up everywhere. In one episode in the 500-year-old coastal city of Cumana, hundreds were arrested and a middle-aged man was shot to death, one of three fatalities at food-related demonstrations in June alone. There have been so many vigilante justice-style lynchings — more than 70 in the first four months of this year — that the supreme court has banned Venezuelans from sharing video recordings of the gruesome events on social media.

Default’s Benefits

To Hausmann and to legal experts who have studied the country’s oil operations, the risk of angry creditors blocking exports after a default is actually small. The way that PDVSA, as the state oil company is known, structured sales contracts makes it difficult for them to be interrupted by a legal challenge, according to Francesca Odell, a partner at Cleary Gottlieb in New York. What Hausmann and others see instead from a default is the opportunity to free up a big chunk of cash that could be re-directed toward imports.

The government is due to make $1.5 billion in foreign debt payments in the second half of this year. Include PDVSA’s tab and the figure swells to $5.8 billion. It’s a staggering sum of money in a nation that has bled its hard currency reserves down to just $12 billion. And while few, if any, bondholders would embrace a default, they certainly wouldn’t be caught off-guard by it. For the better part of the past 18 months, the government’s benchmark bonds have been trading under 50 cents on the dollar, a price that in essence signals to a debtor: “We’re prepared for a restructuring, go ahead and do it if you must.”

“It’s fairly shocking that they have decided to service the debt over all else,” said Risa Grais-Targow, an analyst at Eurasia Group in Washington. “But I do think the commitment is fairly strong.”

Maduro, the man handpicked by the late Hugo Chavez to succeed him, has spoken frequently about his determination to keep paying the debt. In a speech back in May he proudly explained how the country had doled out $36 billion to creditors — “a huge amount of money” — over the previous 20 months. The payments were made, he went on to say, “with dignity, without accepting preconditions from anyone, maintaining the country’s independence despite the pain.” These are references to multilateral lenders like the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, institutions that are despised by the Latin American left.

As long as Maduro continues to pay, there will be investors willing to own the debt. Venezuela’s bonds are among the highest-paying investments in emerging markets, offering today an average yield of 26 percent. That’s in dollars — in a world where many developed-nation bonds are yielding close to zero (or even less). And since Chavez swept into office 17 years ago, the country’s bonds have handed investors a total return of 517 percent.

“It is one of the most miserable, mismanaged, hopeless countries on the planet,” said Jan Dehn, head of research at Ashmore Group Plc, which manages $50 billion of emerging-market assets. “But that doesn’t mean you can’t make money.”

Hausmann, meanwhile, is more incensed than ever.

In a recent interview, he called the government’s insistence on paying the debt, coupled with a church’s claim that it rejected offers of international aid, “a crime against humanity.” There’s a history here, it should be noted, between the professor and the Chavistas. Some two decades ago, he served in the business-friendly government that Chavez tried to overthrow in a coup attempt that effectively launched his political career. Perhaps that explains some of the enmity between the two sides. Regardless, this is what Hausmann wants to ask the folks on the other side: How can they sleep at night? “It’s beyond belief.”

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica America Latina., Giustizia

Corte Suprema divisa sul piano Obama sui migranti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-06-24.

 USA. Supreme Court. 001

Quando si presentò come candidato alla casa Bianca, Mr. Obama fece agli elettori numerose promesse. Forse la più celebre era l’Obamacare, ma anche il suo piano sulla immigrazione illegale era semplicemente grandioso.

«What is in Obama’s plan?

– package includes promises to facilitate legal immigration, toughen border security and refocus deportation efforts on to criminals

– centrepiece is offer of work permits for illegal immigrants living in the US

– to apply, people must have been living in the US for five years and have a child who was US-born or holds citizenship

– a quirk of the US system is that any child born in the US automatically becomes a citizen

– this means parents with no legal status are bringing up children with full citizenship

– he controversially pushed through the reforms without requiring a vote in Congress» [Fonte]

*

«The Constitution is clear: The president is not permitted to write laws, only Congress is»

Molti gli aspetti positivi, così come quelli negativi.

Di sicuro l’immigrazione illegale è un dato di fatto, che richiederebbe una certa quale azione per definire regole certe.

Similmente, snellire le procedure di richiesta di ingresso, indipendentemente poi dal giudizio espresso, sembrerebbe essere una benefica deburocratizzazione della filiera decisionale.

Altrettanto sicuramente il problema di figli cittadini americani con genitori senza cittadinanza dovrebbe poter trovare un ragionevole inquadramento giuridico.

Infine, e sarebbe anche bene non dimenticarsene, vi sono dei profondi risvolti umani che non dovrebbero esser ignorati.

*

D’altra parte, numerose sono le perplessità.

Il piano è particolarmente oneroso, e Mr. Obama è sempre stato cauto nell’indicare le eventuali coperture. Tuttavia è ben difficile deliberare senza aver potuto prima esaminare un concreto piano finanziario.

Mr. Obama ha sempre cercato di imporre questo suo progetto senza chiederne la previa approvazione del Congresso. È un suo particolare stile di governo che mal si attaglia con la consolidata tradizione democratica americana: il Congresso non tollera diktat. Ciò sia per orgoglio consociativo, sia sopratutto per ossequio alle leggi.

 

Bbc. 2016-06-23. Top US court blocks Obama migrant plan

The Supreme Court has announced it is split on President Barack Obama’s plan to shield millions of undocumented immigrants living illegally in the US.

*

The divide comes as a blow to President Obama’s 2014 executive action, in which he bypassed Congress in order to protect immigrants from deportation.

Republican House Speaker Paul Ryan applauded the news, saying only Congress should write laws.

But the president said the deadlock was “heartbreaking” for millions of people.

“They are Americans in every way but on paper,” he said at the White House, adding that reform will happen, sooner or later.

“Congress is not going to be able to ignore America forever,” he said.

Texas led 26 Republican-led states in challenging the programme, which would have given the right to work to millions of people.

Its legality will now be assessed in a lower district court.

The deadlock between the eight judges was only possible because of the death of the ninth, Justice Antonin Scalia, leaving a vacancy that is still unfilled.

This is the first tied decision produced by the court, as the Senate continues to block Mr Obama’s nominee, Judge Merrick Garland.

Analysis – Anthony Zurcher, BBC News, Washington

The deadlocked decision in US v Texas is the clearest example to date of the impact that Justice Antonin Scalia’s death has had on the US Supreme Court – and, consequently, on the direction of US public policy writ large.

The court’s inability to find a majority either supporting President Barack Obama’s unilateral executive action on immigration or striking it down means the whole controversy heads back into the lap of a lower-level conservative judge in Texas.

While those judicial gears slowly grind away, the US has a presidential election to conduct in just over four months.

If the Senate continues to drag its feet on confirming Mr Obama’s pick for the high court, Merrick Garland, the next president could not only set US immigration policy but also pick the justice who will likely be the deciding vote if and when those decisions once again reach the Supreme Court.

Given that US voters are choosing between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump, the disposition of the immigration issue for generations to come is in the balance. As if the stakes in the US presidential election weren’t high enough already.

The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and the Deferred Action for Parents of Americans (DAPA) initiatives had been on hold since 2015 as the court considered the programmes’ legality.

DAPA was considered particularly controversial as it allows the parents of US citizens and permanent residents to remain in the county for up to three years and apply for work permits.

Lawyers for the state of Texas argued that state governments would be overburdened by having to spend more on public services with the addition of the undocumented residents.

The lack of ruling leaves the legal status of about four million undocumented immigrants in limbo.

President Obama’s unilateral action would have allowed migrants to obtain work permits and would block them from deportation while their citizenship status was being determined by lawmakers.

Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton called the courts deadlocked opinion “unacceptable” and said that immigrants “enrich our communities and contribute to our economy every day”.

“We should be doing everything possible under the law to provide them relief from the spectre of deportation,” Mrs Clinton said in a statement.

Republican lawmaker Paul Ryan applauded the Supreme Court for making “the president’s executive action on immigration null and void”.

“The Constitution is clear: The president is not permitted to write laws, only Congress is.”

Mr Ryan, the top-ranking elected Republican, is at odds with the party’s presidential nominee-to-be Donald Trump over his plans to build a wall on the southern border paid for by Mexico.

 

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. Punto della situazione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-06-01.

 2016-05-31__Brazil__001

«the massive corruption investigations are a sign that under the Rousseff government, such crimes are being punished rather than swept under the carpet as in previous administrations.»

*

«One of the most well known politicians to have been named in connection with the investigation is former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.»

*

«Mensalao: Name given to a corruption scheme in which public funds were illegally used to pay members of Congress in exchange for backing the government in crucial votes»

*

«Ms Rousseff will remain suspended for the duration of the trial which can last up to 180 days. Her vice-president, Michel Temer, is serving as interim president»

* * * * * * *

Alcuni dati aggiuntivi.

Nel 2011 il pil brasiliano ammontava a 2,613 miliardi Usd: nel 2015 è sceso a 1,769 miliardi Usd.

Nel 2011 il pil pro capite brasiliano ammontava a 13,237 Usd: nel 2015 è sceso a 8,651 Usd.

*

Al governo c’era la formazione socialista guidata dalla signora Rousseff.

 

Bloomberg. 2016-05-31. What has gone wrong in Brazil?

Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff has been suspended from office pending an impeachment trial over accusations that she illegally manipulated government accounts, which she denies.

*

Ms Rousseff will remain suspended for the duration of the trial which can last up to 180 days. Her vice-president, Michel Temer, is serving as interim president.

Here we take a closer look at the problems in Brazil and what has gone wrong since Ms Rousseff was elected for a second term in October 2014.

1.1    President Rousseff under fire

Dilma Rousseff’s approval ratings have plummeted since she narrowly won her second presidential election in October 2014.

According to a Datafolha poll (in Portuguese) released on 11 April, 63% of respondents across the country said her government was “bad or terrible”, with only 13% saying it was “good or excellent”.

Experts say this reflects voters’ disillusionment with a deep recession and a corruption scandal involving the state-controlled oil company Petrobras.

The investigation into the corruption scandal, dubbed Operation Car Wash, has implicated important figures from Ms Rousseff’s Workers’ Party, but also some of her opponents.

1.2    Fight against impeachment

The impeachment trial against Ms Rousseff is based on allegations that she manipulated the government’s accounts in 2014 when she was seeking re-election.

Her opponents say what she did was illegal and warrants her impeachment. She argues it is a common practice which previous presidents also engaged in.

Ms Rousseff says her opponents are trying to mount a coup against her and are using the impeachment trial to oust her and her Workers’ Party from office.

1.3    Corruption

Much of the public discontent is based on the high level of corruption that has tainted the highest echelons of business and politics in Brazil.

Since the Workers’ Party came to power in 2003, there has been a series of corruption scandals involving politicians from the governing party and also opposition parties. The two biggest are:

  • Mensalao: Name given to a corruption scheme in which public funds were illegally used to pay members of Congress in exchange for backing the government in crucial votes. The scandal first broke in 2005. By the time the Supreme Court concluded its trial in 2012, 25 politicians, bankers and businessmen had been convicted, some of whom were top members of the Workers’ Party.
  • Operation Car Wash: Name given to an investigation launched in March 2014 into allegations that Brazil’s biggest construction firms overcharged state-oil company Petrobras for building contracts. Part of their windfall would then be handed to Petrobras executives and politicians who were in on the deal. Prosecutors allege that the Workers’ Party partly financed its campaigns and expenses through these kickbacks.

1.4    Widening scandal

Operation Car Wash has uncovered a widening corruption scandal with dozens of politicians accused of paying or receiving kickbacks.

One of the most well known politicians to have been named in connection with the investigation is former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.

Brazil’s Attorney General has accused him of playing a key role in the scandal, which Lula has denied.

But it is not just members of the Workers’ Party who have been named in connection with Operation Car Wash.

Since Michel Temer took over as interim president, two of his ministers have resigned after leaked recordings suggested they had tried to obstruct the investigation.

Both ministers said their words were taken out of context.

1.5    A country divided

The political crisis has deepened old political rivalries.

Supporters of the Workers’ Party point to the achievements the Rousseff administration and that of President Lula brought about, such as lifting millions of people out of poverty and reducing inequality.

They say the allegations against them are a smear campaign designed to drive Ms Rousseff from office and prevent Lula from standing for the presidency in 2018.

They say the massive corruption investigations are a sign that under the Rousseff government, such crimes are being punished rather than swept under the carpet as in previous administrations.

The fact that high-ranking members of the Workers’ Party have been convicted, they argue, is proof that there is no immunity.

Opponents of Ms Rousseff accuse her of mismanaging the economy and say her government is deeply corrupt.

They say they are fed up with the Workers’ Party after its 13 years in power and demand a clean slate.

1.6    Economy in the doldrums

Brazil’s economy is going through its worst recession in more than three decades following a drop in prices for Brazilian commodities such as oil, iron ore and soya.

In 2015, the economy shrank by 3.8%, its worst annual performance since 1981.

Inflation reached 10.7% at the end of last year, a 12-year-high.

Unemployment increased to 9% in 2015 and economists predict it could go into double figures in the coming months.

The forecast for 2016 does not look any rosier with GDP expected to decline by 3.8% again and inflation expected to rise.

 

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

L’internazionale socialista frana anche in America Latina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-05-17.

 

abbattimento torri pinetamare (FOTO L FRATTARI)
abbattimento torri pinetamare (FOTO L FRATTARI)

I partiti socialisti e, se al potere, i governi di tale colore hanno sempre formato una connection quanto mai salda di reciproco aiuto e sostegno.

Un esempio per tutti.

Il sig. Cesare Battisti, membro dei “Proletari Armati“, fu condannato all’ergastolo per quattro omicidi, due eseguiti di persona e due in concorso con altri.

Evaso e latitante, l’internazionale lo aiutò a lasciare l’Italia ed a collocarsi dapprima in Messico e quindi in Francia, «dove beneficiò a lungo della dottrina Mitterrand e dove ottenne la naturalizzazione, poi revocata, infine in Brasile dal 2004. Arrestato nel paese sudamericano nel 2007, Battisti fu detenuto in carcere a Brasilia fino al 9 giugno 2011. Ha scontato in totale circa sette anni di carcere. Il 31 dicembre 2010 il presidente brasiliano Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva annunciò il rifiuto dell’estradizione in Italia, concedendo il diritto d’asilo. Della questione fu investita la Corte costituzionale brasiliana su sollecito della nuova presidente del Brasile, Dilma Rousseff, che l’8 giugno 2011 negò definitivamente l’estradizione, pur revocando lo status di rifugiato, con la motivazione che avrebbe potuto subire “persecuzioni a cause delle sue idee”. Battisti fu quindi scarcerato, e rimase in libertà fino al 12 marzo 2015, giorno in cui viene nuovamente arrestato dalle autorità brasiliane in seguito all’annullamento del permesso di soggiorno, ma rilasciato quasi subito.». [Fonte]

Manco a dirlo, molti membri di Amnesty International, così sensibili all’amaro destino delle persone assassinate, si schierarono veementemente contro la sua estradizione: in fondo è una loro specialità difendere gli assassini con sentenza cassata.

*

Adesso questa connection inizia a traballare, a sfasciarsi. In Europa così come nell’America Latina.

«Brazil’s interim government dismissed criticism by leftist countries in Latin America, including Venezuela, Cuba and Bolivia, over the impeachment process of Dilma Rousseff»

*

«The leftist president of El Salvador on Saturday added to the regional pressure on Brazil, saying that he would not recognize the interim government and recalled his ambassador»

*

«Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, who is also struggling with economic problems and a push to remove him from office, asked his ambassador to Brazil to come home to discuss the tensions»

*

«Maduro is among leaders, including Rousseff herself, who have condemned her suspension as a “coup”»

*

«”Who are Cuba, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and Nicaragua to teach about democracy?” wrote Eliane Cantanhede, a prominent columnist for the Estado do S. Paulo newspaper. “Cuba?! Venezuela?!”»

* * * * * * *

I tempi sono cambiati.

La Cuba di oggi non è più quella di otto anni or sono e Mr. Maduro sembrerebbe traballare severamente sulla propria poltrona. La Rousseff è caduta nella polvere assieme al suo nume tutelare Lula.

Sta a vedere che alla fine il Brasile estraderà il sig. Cesare Battisti in Italia per terminare la propria vita nelle patrie galere.

 

Reuters. 2016-05-15. Brazil rebuffs Latin American leftists over Rousseff suspension

Brazil’s interim government dismissed criticism by leftist countries in Latin America, including Venezuela, Cuba and Bolivia, over the impeachment process of Dilma Rousseff, who was suspended as president by the senate.

The leftist president of El Salvador on Saturday added to the regional pressure on Brazil, saying that he would not recognize the interim government and recalled his ambassador, claiming there had been “political manipulation” in Latin America’s biggest country.

The bickering, not rare between leftist leaders and more conservative governments at a time when much of the region is moving to the right, comes as centrist Michel Temer, Rousseff’s vice president, assumes Brazil’s presidency and scrambles to pull the economy out of its worst recession since the 1930s.

Rousseff, after five months of impeachment proceedings, now faces a senate trial over irregularities in her government’s budget. The trial could take up to 180 days and is expected to lead to her definitive ouster.

In a statement Friday evening, Brazil’s foreign ministry said it “emphatically rejects” neighbors “allowing themselves to opine and propagate falsehoods over internal political process in Brazil.”

In a separate statement, the ministry, headed by José Serra, a prominent former senator and presidential candidate, criticized the head of Unasur, a South American regional bloc. Ernesto Samper, Unasur’s secretary general, earlier had questioned the validity of Rousseff’s suspension.

After Brazil’s strongly-worded statements Friday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro, who is also struggling with economic problems and a push to remove him from office, asked his ambassador to Brazil to come home to discuss the tensions.

Maduro is among leaders, including Rousseff herself, who have condemned her suspension as a “coup”.

Rousseff, who is spending the weekend with family in the southern Brazilian city of Porto Alegre, has said she could appeal to regional organizations in efforts to discredit the impeachment process. Thus far, however, she has complied with all procedures related to her suspension.

On Saturday, mainstream Brazilian media made light of the statements by leftists in the region, especially the Socialist government of Venezuela and Communist-run Cuba.

“Who are Cuba, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia and Nicaragua to teach about democracy?” wrote Eliane Cantanhede, a prominent columnist for the Estado do S. Paulo newspaper. “Cuba?! Venezuela?!”