Pubblicato in: Cina, Problemia Energetici, Russia

Russia. Si prepara l’invio di un convoglio LNG sulla rotta artica da Yamal alla Cina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-01-26.

2021-01-21__ Russia Rotta Artica 013

La Russia sta proseguendo a sfruttare i campi di gas naturale di Yamal. Adesso, grazie allo strato sottile del ghiaccio artico, si appresta a riaprire la rotta artica.

«Russia is preparing to make the earliest-ever shipment of liquefied natural gas to Asia, taking advantage of thinning ice in the Arctic Ocean and paving the way for a record-long navigation season this year»

«The super-chilled cargo from Novatek PJSC’s Yamal LNG facility in early May will beat last year’s record for the start of eastbound voyages through the Northern Sea Route by almost two weeks if the plan works out, according to people familiar with the situation. It will travel with an ice-breaker»

«The Northern Sea Route, stretching more than 3,000 nautical miles (5,556 kilometers) between the Barents Sea and the Bering Strait, is the shortest passage between Europe and Asia»

«The Northern Sea Route, stretching more than 3,000 nautical miles (5,556 kilometers) between the Barents Sea and the Bering Strait, is the shortest passage between Europe and Asia»

«Last year saw another period of intense heat. Especially in parts of the Arctic and northern Siberia, where temperatures in some regions were more than 6 degrees Celsius higher than average»

«Earlier this month, Novatek sent two LNG tankers, the Christophe de Margerie and the Nikolay Yevgenov, to China through the NSR»

«The vessels don’t need ice-breaker support as the current conditions in the eastern Arctic are mild»

«the tankers, scheduled to deliver the super-chilled cargoes to China in late January, will use an ice-breaker on their return to Russia across the passage in February»

* * * * * * *

Russia. Nebiullina. Le spille della governatrice. Il ciuffolotto.

Russia. Riaperto il laboratorio per armi artiche. Il monito del WSJ che nessuno udrà. Leggetemi.

Russia. Pakistan, Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union.

U.N. Human Rights Council. Rinnovata la dirigenza, confermate Cina e Russia.

Yamal. Gli Usa hanno perso, la Russia ha vinto e raddoppia. – Bloomberg

Russia. Yamal. Francia e Germania con il muso nella greppia delle sanzioni.

Putin avvia lo sfruttamento del mega campo Kharasaveyskoye.

Russia. Un gigantesco rompighiaccio per Lng. – Bloomberg.

Russia. Akademik Lomonosov. Prima centrale atomica mobile e galleggiante.

Russia. Programma di quintuplicare il LNG entro il 2035.

Russia. Partita la prima tanker LNG della stagione, da Yamal verso la Cina.

Putin il Grande. Arctic LNG 2 lo finanzieranno gli occidentali, quelli delle sanzioni.

* * * * * * *


Lo sfruttamento del gas naturale dei giacimenti di Yamal è stato finanziato in larga quota da quell’occidente che aveva imposto alla Russa precise sanzioni.

*


Russia Prepares Earliest-Ever Arctic LNG Shipment to Asia.

Russia is preparing to make the earliest-ever shipment of liquefied natural gas to Asia, taking advantage of thinning ice in the Arctic Ocean and paving the way for a record-long navigation season this year.

The super-chilled cargo from Novatek PJSC’s Yamal LNG facility in early May will beat last year’s record for the start of eastbound voyages through the Northern Sea Route by almost two weeks if the plan works out, according to people familiar with the situation. It will travel with an ice-breaker.

The Northern Sea Route, stretching more than 3,000 nautical miles (5,556 kilometers) between the Barents Sea and the Bering Strait, is the shortest passage between Europe and Asia. Yet its eastern part is usually shut for navigation for several months at the start of the year due to thick ice, limiting shipment potential. Its increased use underscores how quickly the pace of climate change is accelerating in the Earth’s northernmost regions.

The exact timing of the LNG shipment will depend on the thickness of the ice and weather conditions, said the officials, who asked not to be identified as the schedule is not public or finalized.

“The possibility of such a voyage in May is under discussion,” Nikita Sekretarev, spokesperson for Russian shipping company Sovcomflot PJSC, said declining to provide further details. Sovcomflot provides the Christoph de Margerie tanker to Novatek’s Yamal LNG project.

Russia’s state nuclear corporation Rosatom, which operates the Northern Sea Route, declined to comment on the schedule.

Russia expects the passage to rival the Suez Canal as Arctic ice thins out. But climate experts warn that an increase in ocean-going vessels through the route could cause more damage to the environment.

Last year saw another period of intense heat. Especially in parts of the Arctic and northern Siberia, where temperatures in some regions were more than 6 degrees Celsius higher than average.

The warming allowed Novatek to send an eastbound LNG cargo via the NSR with ice-breaker support in late May in 2020 — the earliest start to the navigation season in the area so far. Shipments continued to Asia through January, a record-long navigation season in the eastern Arctic.

February Record

Earlier this month, Novatek sent two LNG tankers, the Christophe de Margerie and the Nikolay Yevgenov, to China through the NSR. The vessels don’t need ice-breaker support as the current conditions in the eastern Arctic are mild, according to Rosatom.

However, the tankers, scheduled to deliver the super-chilled cargoes to China in late January, will use an ice-breaker on their return to Russia across the passage in February, according to the industry officials.

Until now, a cargo ship has never made a February voyage in the eastern Arctic, according to Sovcomflot, who owns the Christophe de Margerie.

Sovcomflot confirmed the plans for the tanker. The U.S.-based Teekay LNG Partners LP, the owner of the Nikolay Yevgenov, did not respond to Bloomberg’s request for a comment.

The planned February return voyage is part of “the systemic efforts to gradually extend transit navigation in the eastern sector of the Arctic,” the Sovcomflot spokesman said. “In the future, the goal is to set up a safe round-the-year navigation” across the Northern Route, he said.

Pubblicato in: Problemia Energetici

Egitto. Si avvia alla autosufficienza energetica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-01-13.

2021-01-10__mediterraneo__003

«Egypt sees 13 percent surge in oil, gas finds»

«47 crude oil and 15 natural gas reserves were found in the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, Gulf of Suez, Nile Delta and the Mediterranean Sea»

«Petroleum Ministry embarking on plans to repay foreign debts»

«Egypt has witnessed a 13 percent surge in the discovery of oil and gas reserves in 2020 compared with the previous year»

«62 oil and gas reserves were found in 2020, a year in which the global economy struggled due to the coronavirus pandemic»

«The 47 crude oil and 15 natural gas reserves were found in the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, Gulf of Suez, Nile Delta and the Mediterranean Sea»

«Modern technologies and advanced geological theories have contributed to better research results»

«In 2020, Cairo signed 22 agreements with global firms such as ExxonMobil and Chevron to make investments worth $1.6 billion to develop the reserves and deals worth $139 million for oil well drilling at 74 sites»

«Egypt’s largest Zohr offshore gas field in the Mediterranean Sea, which was discovered by Italy’s giant Eni in 2015, greatly contributes to the country’s natural gas production as it produces about 2.7 billion cubic feet on a daily basis.»

«the Petroleum Ministry is successfully embarking on its plans to repay debts to foreign oil companies, which stood at $6.3 billion in 2013»

* * * * * * *

Nell’ultimo quinquennio l’Egitto ha compiuto grandi passi.

Egitto. Impianto Nucleare russo di Al Dabaa funzionante per il 2022.

Egitto compra 530,000 tonnellate di grano dalla Russia.

Impone tariffe dal 30% al 99% sulle fibre ottiche egiziane e cinesi.

Eni. I giacimenti mediterranei Zhor e Noor. Sembrerebbero essere enormi.

Egitto. L’Eni ha già avviato la produzione dal campo Zohr.

Egitto. Prosegue il grandioso progetto di desalinizzatori marini.

Francia. Venderà armi all’Egitto alla faccia degli human rights.

*

Il prossimo anno entrerà in funzione la centrale atomica di Al Dabaa, che dovrebbe in parte alimentare anche i desalinizzatori. Un gran bel passo avanti.

Di questi giorni gli annunci di altri ritrovamenti di campo di petrolio e di gas naturale, lo sfruttamento dei quali dovrebbe rendere l’Egitto energeticamente indipendente.

Un risultato di tutto rispetto quello ottenuto dal Presidente Abdel Fattah al-Sisi, cui adesso si aggiunge la dichiarazione di Mr Macron, che venderà armi all’Egitto anche se questa nazione è bollata dalla sanzioni dell’Unione Europea.

*


Egypt sees 13 percent surge in oil, gas finds

– The 47 crude oil and 15 natural gas reserves were found in the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, Gulf of Suez, Nile Delta and the Mediterranean Sea.

– Petroleum Ministry embarking on plans to repay foreign debts

*

CAIRO: Egypt has witnessed a 13 percent surge in the discovery of oil and gas reserves in 2020 compared with the previous year.

According to the country’s Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, 62 oil and gas reserves were found in 2020, a year in which the global economy struggled due to the coronavirus pandemic.

The 47 crude oil and 15 natural gas reserves were found in the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, Gulf of Suez, Nile Delta and the Mediterranean Sea. 

In 2019, Egypt discovered 40 crude oil and 15 natural gas reserves in the Mediterranean, the Western Desert, the Eastern Desert, Gulf of Suez, Nile Delta and Sinai. 

The ministry said that these “positive results” indicate the success of research and exploration in current oil fields, and suggest the existence of further petroleum resources that are yet to be discovered.

Modern technologies and advanced geological theories have contributed to better research results, it added.

The ministry plans to increase production of crude oil and counter the phenomenon of the natural diminishment of wells and old fields by investing in programs for research, exploration, drilling and development of wells.

In 2020, Cairo signed 22 agreements with global firms such as ExxonMobil and Chevron to make investments worth $1.6 billion to develop the reserves and deals worth $139 million for oil well drilling at 74 sites. 

An official at the General Authority for Petroleum said the Mediterranean Sea is one of the sites rich in crude and gas reserves.

Egypt’s largest Zohr offshore gas field in the Mediterranean Sea, which was discovered by Italy’s giant Eni in 2015, greatly contributes to the country’s natural gas production as it produces about 2.7 billion cubic feet on a daily basis.

He said that these deals will help the Egyptian government overcome economic challenges.

The official said the Petroleum Ministry is successfully embarking on its plans to repay debts to foreign oil companies, which stood at $6.3 billion in 2013.

He said that by the end of June 2020 the debts had fallen to $850 million.

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo, Problemia Energetici

Vietnam. Giappone finanzierà una megacentrale a carbone.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-01-07.

2021-01-01__ Vietnam Carbone 013


Dogma fondamentale del credo liberal è la decarbonizzazione del mondo: è la fede green.

Ma al mondo l’enclave liberal si limita a metà degli Stati Uniti e dell’Unione Europea: essa non costituisce ‘il mondo’, anzi, il mondo virtualmente la ignora.

Spesso, fa anche un sottile umorismo alla giapponese.

*

«The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC; Governor: MAEDA Tadashi) signed  on December 28 a loan agreement with Vung Ang II Thermal Power Limited Liability Company (VAPCO), a Vietnamese company invested in by Mitsubishi Corporation and others»

«JBIC will provide project financing amounting to up to approximately USD636 million (JBIC portion) for the Vung Ang 2 coal-fired power plant in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (Vietnam), under JBIC’s Growth Investment Facility»

«In this project, VAPCO will build, own, and operate an ultra-supercritical coal-fired power plant with an installed capacity of 1,200MW (two units of 600MW each) in the Vung Ang district, Ha Tinh province in central Vietnam»

«This project is seen as one of the concrete initiatives to strengthen cooperation between Japan and Vietnam in the energy field, as addressed in the Japan-Vietnam Joint Statements»

«JBIC has been working with Vietnam on its energy policy transition towards decarbonization»

«Based on such engagement, JBIC will support this project»

* * * * * * *

Ricapitoliamo.

«JBIC has been working with Vietnam on its energy policy transition towards decarbonization»

«Based on such engagement, JBIC will support this project»

La decarbonizzazione si attua attraverso la costruzione di centrali elettriche a carbon fossile.

*


Japan Bank for International Cooperation. Project Financing for Vung Ang 2 Coal-Fired Power Generation Project in Vietnam.

– 1. The Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC; Governor: MAEDA Tadashi) signed  on December 28 a loan agreement with Vung Ang II Thermal Power Limited Liability Company (VAPCO), a Vietnamese company invested in by Mitsubishi Corporation and others. JBIC will provide project financing*1 amounting to up to approximately USD636 million (JBIC portion) for the Vung Ang 2 coal-fired power plant in the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam (Vietnam), under JBIC’s Growth Investment Facility*2. The loan is co-financed with private financial institutions as well as the Export-Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM). The total co-financing amount is approximately USD1,767 million.

– 2. In this project, VAPCO will build, own, and operate an ultra-supercritical coal-fired power plant with an installed capacity of 1,200MW (two units of 600MW each) in the Vung Ang district, Ha Tinh province in central Vietnam. The electricity generated from this plant will be sold to Vietnam Electricity (EVN), the country’s state-owned power utility company, for 25 years.

– 3. This project is seen as one of the concrete initiatives to strengthen cooperation between Japan and Vietnam in the energy field, as addressed in the Japan-Vietnam Joint Statements issued following the summit meetings held on June 6, 2017 and May 31, 2018. In its Export Strategy for Infrastructure Systems revised in July 2020, the Japanese government expressed its intention to expand the export of infrastructure systems, including the design, construction, operation, and management of infrastructure, as well as increasing investments in overseas businesses.

-4. The Vietnamese government has prioritized the improvement of power supply capacity and revised its Seventh Power Development Plan, which was announced in 2011, in 2016 in order to promote the construction of power plants and swiftly develop power sources. This project conforms to the Plan and is also expected to contribute to economic development in Vietnam through the stable supply of electricity as a base load power source in the 2020s and beyond. JBIC has been working with Vietnam on its energy policy transition towards decarbonization. Based on such engagement, JBIC will support this project.

– 5. As Japan’s policy-based financial institution, JBIC will continue to support the overseas infrastructure business expansion of Japanese companies by drawing on its various financial facilities and schemes and by performing its risk-assuming function.

*


Japan Funds Coal Plant In Vietnam, Risking Green Backlash.

Japan approved a plan to help finance a long-planned coal power plant in Vietnam, despite the government’s pledge to curb overseas investments in dirtier technology and cut emissions at home.

The Japan Bank for International Cooperation agreed to provide $636 million worth of project financing for the Vung Ang 2 plant in central Vietnam, it said Tuesday in a statement. The loan is co-financed with private banks, as well as the Export-Import Bank of Korea.

The move has garnered criticism from environmental activists for contradicting Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s pledge for net-zero emissions by 2050 and stricter conditions for investing in coal projects abroad. Companies from Japan and South Korea, which has a similar climate target, have faced backlash from investors for working on the controversial project.

“This project was planned quite a long time ago, but this clearly shows that Japan’s pledge for carbon neutrality is not put into practice,” said Kimiko Hirata, an international director at Kiko Network, a Japan-based group that promotes climate-friendly policies.

JBIC said in its statement that it has been working with Vietnam on efforts to decarbonize, without going into detail. JBIC decided to support the Vietnamese project after related ministries held discussions and found that it would be in line with the government’s policy, according to a spokesman.

Japan’s Mitsubishi Corp. and Korea Electric Power Corp. are among the companies investing in the 1.2 gigawatt Vung Ang 2 power plant, despite pressure from shareholders to stay away from the project.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Problemia Energetici

PetroChina ha scoperto nel bacino Junggar nello Xinjiang gas per 100 mld mc e petrolio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-12-29.

Cina. Bacino Junggar 001

«PetroChina,Asia’s largest producer of oil and gas, has struck a large natural gas discovery in northwest China’s Xinjiang region with an initial estimated reserve exceeding 100 billion cubic meters»

«This marks another breakthrough in the state oil firm’s natural gas development in the region, following a similar-sized discovery at Tarim basin in September last year»

«PetroChina tapped 610,000 cubic meters of daily gas flow and 106.3 cubic meters of crude oil at exploration well Hu-1, located in an exploration zone totalling 15,000 square kilometers at the southern rim of the Junggar basin»

«The oil and gas flows were struck at around 7,400 meters below the earth’s surface»

«Near the discovery, PetroChina is drilling three more exploration wells – Letan 1, Tianwan 1 and Tianan-1.»

* * * * * * *


Scoperte di campi di queste dimensioni ricchi di petrolio e gas naturali è un evento del tutto benvenuto.

Tuttavia questa notizia si apre anche ad altre considerazioni.

La Cina si è messa in grado di poter fare prospezioni, e quindi estrarre, in zone climaticamente avverse, raggiungendo profondità di oltre i settemila metri, e per di più in un contesto geologico di granito.

Tutte le tecnologie coinvolte sono altamente sofisticate e richiedono sostanziosi know-how pluridisciplinari.

*


PetroChina strikes big gas find in China Xinjiang’s Junggar basin: state media

PetroChina,Asia’s largest producer of oil and gas, has struck a large natural gas discovery in northwest China’s Xinjiang region with an initial estimated reserve exceeding 100 billion cubic meters, China’s state news agency Xinhua reported over the weekend.

This marks another breakthrough in the state oil firm’s natural gas development in the region, following a similar-sized discovery at Tarim basin in September last year.

PetroChina tapped 610,000 cubic meters of daily gas flow and 106.3 cubic meters of crude oil at exploration well Hu-1, located in an exploration zone totalling 15,000 square kilometers at the southern rim of the Junggar basin, Xinhua said.

The oil and gas flows were struck at around 7,400 meters below the earth’s surface.

Near the discovery, PetroChina is drilling three more exploration wells – Letan 1, Tianwan 1 and Tianan-1.

Xinjiang is among the top areas for PetroChina’s domestic exploration and production spending as the state energy giant has vowed to spend 150 billion yuan ($22.90 billion) between 2018 and 2020 to boost total oil and gas output at the region to 1 million barrels per day oil equivalent.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative, Problemia Energetici

Germania. Agli utenti finali elettricità +6.8% e gas +2.7%, anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-29.

2020-10-25__ Germania Eletricità 001

Essere ecologicamente lindi è un beneficio così grande, ma così grande, che tutti sono lieti di caricarsi di tasse per perseguire questo nobile scopo.

Le energie da fonti alternative avrebbero dovuto generare un crollo dei costi, ma i dati forniti da Destatis indicherebbero piuttosto il contrario.

Consideriamo, solo per esempio, gli Household electricity and gas prices in cent per kWh, nei loro termini medi.

L’energia fornita ammonta a 6.58 centesimi, ma il costo totale ammonta a 31.94 centesimi.

Di questi 16.35 sono devoluti in tasse e balzelli vari, e 9.00 centesimi vanno a finanziare la rete di distribuzione.

Così prendi per 6.58 e paghi 31.94: un gran bell’affare.

Molti non ce la fanno più a pagare le bollette.

Germania. Lo scorso anno elettricità tagliata a 298,000 famiglie.

Germania. 13 milioni di poveri e 330,000 famiglie con la luce tagliata.

2020-10-25__ Germania Eletricità 002

*


Destatis. Household electricity price in the first half year of 2020 is 31.94 cent per kilowatt-hour.

Press release No. 417 of 22 October 2020

WIESBADEN – As reported by the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis), the average household price for electricity is 31.94 cent per kilowatt-hour in the first half year 2020. The average household gas price in the first half year 2020 was 5.99 cent per kilowatt-hour. Compared to the second half of the year of 2019, electricity prices rose by 6.8%, gas prices by 2.7%.

Depending on the annual consumption, the prices differ considerably. Households with an annual electricity consumption of less than 1 000 kilowatt-hour had to pay 47.52 cent per kilowatt-hour (+4.0% compared to the second half year of 2019), households with an annual consumption of more than 15 000 kilowatt-hour only 25.79 cent per kilowatt-hour (+8.8% compared to the second half year of 2019). Households with an annual gas consumption of less than 20 gigajoule had to pay 8.29 cent per kilowatt-hour (+4.9% compared to the second half year of 2019), with an annual consumption of more than 200 gigajoule the average price was 5.37 cent per kilowatt-hour (+1.7% compared to the second half year of 2019).

The average electricity price for non-housholds without value added taxes (VAT) and other recoverable taxes was 14.88 cent per kilowatt-hour (+8.5% compared to the second half year 2019). The average gas price without VAT and other recoverable taxes for non-household customers was 2.75 cent per kilowatt-hour (-12.7% compared to the second half year 2019).

Pubblicato in: Cina, Problemia Energetici

Cina. Investimenti quinquennali nel power grid per 900 miliardi Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-25.

2020-10-12__cina_nucleare__001sites-of-npps-in-china

Nell’affrontare i problemi della generazione dell’energia elettrica l’immaginario collettivo si ferma quasi invariabilmente alla tipologia delle centrali. Aspetto di sicuro interesse, ma dal punto di vista della contabilità dei costi e del livello del servizio: i costi delle centrali elettriche sono circa un terzo del costo globale, che comprende la trasmissione tramite elettrodotti ed, infine, l’ultimo miglio, ossia l’allaccio degli utenti finali.

Solo per rendere l’dea, con i 900 miliardi che la Cina si propone di investire del suo power grid si sarebbero potuto costruire circa ottanta nuove centrali atomiche.

Questa tipologia i problemi richiede un accurato bilancio nella localizzazione delle centrali, così da minimizzare i costi del power grid. Gli elettrodotti infatti dissipano energia: più coprono grandi distanze e maggiore è la differenza tra energia immessa ed energia arrivata agli utenti.

* * * * * * *


Energia. Il problema degli elettrodotti a lunga distanza. Le dissipazioni.

Occidente. Germania. La vulnerabilità delle infrastrutture.

Germania. Gigante dai piedi di argilla. Rapporto su catastrofe energetica.

Germany at risk of ‘catastrophic’ power shortages

L’America potrebbe non sopravvivere ad un attacco al grid.

California del nord senza corrente. Pali della luce fatiscenti.

Germany at risk of ‘catastrophic’ power shortages

*

Cina. In funzione a Taishan il primo reattore nucleare Epr.

Cina. Centrali elettriche nucleari. 37 reattori attivi, 60 in costruzione, 179 programmati.

Nucleare, la Cina raggiunge la Russia al quarto posto mondiale per numero di reattori

Cina. Avvia un ciclopico programma nucleare.

*

Nulla di cui stupirsi quindi se la Cina preventivi sia un grandioso piano di costruzione di centrali atomiche sia un altrettanto grandioso piano di ammodernamento del power grid: due progetti di investimento quasi dello stesso livello economico. Centrali elettriche e grid formano un tutto unico.

*


China to invest nearly $900 billion in power grids: state media.

China will invest close to $900 billion in the next five years to help further develop the country’s power grids, the official Xinhua News Agency reported on Saturday.

Investments in power grids and related industries are expected to exceed 6 trillion yuan ($896 billion) in 2021-2025, Xinhua reported, citing Mao Weiming, chairman of the State Grid Corp of China, the country’s biggest power utility.

The investments will centre on areas such as ultra high voltage power transmission, electric vehicle chargers and new digital infrastructure, Mao said.

Pubblicato in: Materie Prime, Problemia Energetici

Turkia. Giacimento Sakarya contiene 405 miliardi metri cubi di gas, non 320.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-22.

Turkia - Tuna-1

Il giacimento di gas locato nel Mar Nero nelle acque di pertinenza turke e denominato Sakarya era stato stimato contenere 320 miliardi di m3 di gas. Sulla base di dati più recenti, ne conterrebbe invece 405 320 miliardi di m3 di gas.

Manna dal Cielo per la Turkia.

* * * * * * *

«Turkey’s giant Sakarya gas field has 405 billion cubic meters of natural gas, which President Erdogan has called a “morale booster.”»

«Energy-strapped Turkey is trying to become less dependent on foreign sources»

«A massive gas field off the Turkish coast in the Black Sea contains 85 billion cubic meters more natural gas than originally estimated»

«The Sakarya gas field, discovered in August off the coast of the town of Eregli, was initially estimated to contain 320 billion cubic meters»

«Gas from the field could be pumping into Turkish homes by 2023, he added.»

«Last year, Turkey imported 45 billion cubic meters of natural gas»

* * * * * * *


Circa la nota disputa legale sulle acque territoriali e di competenza economica di Cipro, sarebbe doveroso ricordare che esiste lo stato della Repubblica Turca di Cipro del Nord, capitale  Lefkoşa (Nicosia), 286,257 abitanti.

Questo stati non gode i riconoscimento internazionale, essendo solo la Turkia a riconoscerlo.

Però esiste, ed in una qualche maniera si dovrà bene risolvere questo problema.

Ma riconoscendolo, immediatamente le prospezioni petrolifere turke in quelle acque diverrebbero legali.

*


Turkey says ‘miracle’ Black Sea gas field larger than first estimated.

Turkey’s giant Sakarya gas field has 405 billion cubic meters of natural gas, which President Erdogan has called a “morale booster.” Energy-strapped Turkey is trying to become less dependent on foreign sources.

A massive gas field off the Turkish coast in the Black Sea contains 85 billion cubic meters more natural gas than originally estimated, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced Saturday aboard the drilling vessel Fatih.

The Sakarya gas field, discovered in August off the coast of the town of Eregli, was initially estimated to contain 320 billion cubic meters (11.3 trillion cubic feet).

The find was Turkey’s largest-ever natural gas discovery, and Ankara hailed it as a “miracle,” while claiming Turkey could become a net exporter of natural gas. 

On Saturday, a newly completed exploration in Sakarya’s “Tuna-1” section showed that the field contains 405 billion cubic meters. 

Erdogan said in televised remarks that the discovery was a “morale booster” and would “significantly reduce Turkey’s reliance on foreign resources.” Gas from the field could be pumping into Turkish homes by 2023, he added.

Turkey seeks energy independence 

Turkey is increasing its maritime exploration for hydrocarbon energy, as it relies heavily on expensive imports, with Russia as the main supplier. Last year, Turkey imported 45 billion cubic meters of natural gas, according to S&P Global Platts.

This week, Turkey sparked a diplomatic row with the European Unionby resuming natural gas exploration in waters contested by Greece and Cyprus.

Erdogan said Saturday that Turkey was “determined to defend its interests” in the Mediterranean but did not want to “encroach on the rights of others.”

Ankara has said that the Black Sea find will not deter it from exploring in the eastern Mediterranean, despite accusations from neighboring Greece that Turkey is violating maritime borders.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Problemia Energetici

Cina. Il primo reattore nucleare totalmente cinese inizia a caricare il combustibile.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-18.

Hualong One reactor 001

«China’s homegrown nuclear technology took a significant step forward as a Hualong One reactor began loading fuel for the first time»

«China National Nuclear gets operating license for Fuqing No. 5»

«Success of Hualong One design could trigger national buildout»

«China National Nuclear Power Co., a unit of China National Nuclear Corp., said fuel loading started at the Fuqing No. 5 reactor, the first to use the domestic technology, on Sept. 4 after securing an operating license from the nation’s Ministry of Ecology & Environment, according a statement on its WeChat account»

«Hualong One development is being closely watched in the battle for the nation’s next-generation nuclear power systems»

«Its success could mean a nuclear revival in China that would have little to do with western developers including Westinghouse Electric Co. from the U.S. and France’s Electricite de France SA»

«GlobalData Plc predicts it will pass France as the world’s No. 2 nuclear generator in 2022 and claim the top spot from the U.S. four years after that.»

«Beijing gave the green light to four Hualong One reactors last year in a clear sign of support, ending a three-year freeze on new approvals caused by the government’s consideration of different technologies and the ongoing trade dispute with the U.S.»

«Two more projects that will use Hualong One designs, with a combined cost of $10 billion, were approved last week»

* * * * * * *

Cina. Avvia un ciclopico programma nucleare.

Il blocco europeo e gli Stati Uniti hanno da tempo rinunciato alla progettazione e costruzione di centrali elettriche nucleari di nuova generazione: così facendo sono usciti dal mercato domestico e da quello internazionale. Rientrare in questo settore richiederebbe enormi investimenti, dei quali gli stati occidentali non dispongono più.

Tranne qualche caso particolare, gli impianti per le energie alternative non sono economicamente sostenibili. n particolare, tali impianti hanno breve vita operativa e la loro manutenzione è un costo rilevante.

Vi è infine il severo problema della dispersione lungo gli elettrodotti.

Energia. Il problema degli elettrodotti a lunga distanza. Le dissipazioni.

Gli impianti eolici devono essere locati ove vi sia vento e quelli fotovoltaici ove vi sia luce solare: tutte zone geografiche usualmente ben distanti dalle sedi di utilizzo.

Istanze ideologiche hanno costretto l’occidente ad una débâcle strategica.

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China’s First Homegrown Nuclear Reactor Begins Loading Fuel.

– China National Nuclear gets operating license for Fuqing No. 5

– Success of Hualong One design could trigger national buildout

*

China’s homegrown nuclear technology took a significant step forward as a Hualong One reactor began loading fuel for the first time.

China National Nuclear Power Co., a unit of China National Nuclear Corp., said fuel loading started at the Fuqing No. 5 reactor, the first to use the domestic technology, on Sept. 4 after securing an operating license from the nation’s Ministry of Ecology & Environment, according a statement on its WeChat account. No timeline was given for starting up the reactor.

Hualong One development is being closely watched in the battle for the nation’s next-generation nuclear power systems. Its success could mean a nuclear revival in China that would have little to do with western developers including Westinghouse Electric Co. from the U.S. and France’s Electricite de France SA.

China had almost 49 gigawatts of nuclear power installed as of 2019 and should get into the mid-fifties this year. GlobalData Plc predicts it will pass France as the world’s No. 2 nuclear generator in 2022 and claim the top spot from the U.S. four years after that.

Beijing gave the green light to four Hualong One reactors last year in a clear sign of support, ending a three-year freeze on new approvals caused by the government’s consideration of different technologies and the ongoing trade dispute with the U.S. Two more projects that will use Hualong One designs, with a combined cost of $10 billion, were approved last week.

The country started up the world’s first next-generation reactors in 2018, including four AP1000 units designed by Westinghouse as well as a project using EDF’s EPR technology.

*


China to Dominate Nuclear as Beijing Bets on Homegrown Reactors 

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Problemia Energetici, Russia

Putin il Grande. Arctic LNG 2 lo finanzieranno gli occidentali, quelli delle sanzioni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-09.

2020-09-21__ Artic LNG 2 gydan-yamal-002

Putin il Grande.

Il suo nuovo faraonico programma di investimenti sarà finanziato dagli occidentali.

Ossia da quelli che vorrebbero imporgli delle altre sanzioni.

* * * * * * *

Russia. Partita la prima tanker LNG della stagione, da Yamal verso la Cina.

Russia, Penisola Gydan. Arctic LNG-2: un progetto da 21 miliardi Usd.

Russia. Programma di quintuplicare il LNG entro il 2035.

Russia. Varato il Belgorod, Project 09852.

Russia. Akademik Lomonosov. Prima centrale atomica mobile e galleggiante.

Russia. Un gigantesco rompighiaccio per Lng. – Bloomberg.

Artico. 50% delle riserve minerarie.

* * * * * * *

«The $21 billion Arctic liquefied natural gas (LNG)-2 project led by Russian private gas producer Novatek won a green light on Thursday, the latest in a raft of new projects aimed at meeting a likely doubling of LNG demand over the next 15 years.

Arctic LNG-2 is expected to launch in 2023 and will aim to export 80 percent of its LNG to Asia, Novatek Chief Executive Leonid Mikhelson, Russia’s richest businessman according to Forbes magazine, said after the project’s partners signed a final investment decision (FID) at an economic forum.

At nearly 20 million tonnes per annum (mmpta) of LNG it would be largest single project to reach FID, according to Wood Mackenzie, and take total LNG volumes sanctioned this year to about 63 mtpa, beating the previous record of 45 mmtpa in 2005.

Arctic LNG 2 will be the third LNG project for Novatek, which hopes to match Qatar in production of the super-chilled fuel.»

* * * * * * *


Dopo aver assestato lo sfruttamento dei giacimenti di Yamal, la Russia prosegue iniziando a sfruttare quelli locati nella penisola di Gydan: progetto denominato Artic Lng-2.

Un problema non da poco è l’entità dei finanziamenti richiesti per iniziare e portare a termine tutta l’opera.

Ma Mr Putin è un ammaliatore.

*

«International lenders have lined up about $9.5 billion in financial support for a Russian Arctic liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, …., even as such projects come under greater scrutiny over climate concerns.»

«The $21 billion project, which received final investment approval a year ago, is expected to be launched in 2023 and to reach its full capacity of almost 20 million tonnes per year in 2026.»

«While the energy industry touts natural gas as a cleaner alternative to coal or crude, it is a source of carbon emissions and critics say LNG projects are hard to reconcile with the transition to low-carbon economy envisaged in the Paris climate agreement and the European Union’s Green Deal economic plan»

«The interest of international institutions, however, gives a boost for the Arctic LNG 2 development, led by Russian non-state company Novatek NVTK.MM as Moscow’s plans to raise its share in the global LNG market»

«Among them is French state investment bank and credit agency Bpifrance, with an offer of $700 million in credit finance, the China Development Bank, expected to offer a facility worth $5 billion and Germany’s Euler Hermes, with a covered facility of $300 million»

«Alongside Bpifrance’s support, the document said a number of other state-backed institutions are also expected to help fund the project including the China Development Bank, which is expected to offer a facility equivalent to $5 billion»

«The Japan Bank for International Cooperation is also seen providing a facility of $2.5 billion»

«an unnamed Russian bank $1.5 billion and Italy’s SACE a covered facility of $1 billion»

«Russian top lender Sberbank SBER.MM has already earlier said it was ready to provide more than 2.7 billion euros in financing for the project»

«The project’s equity partners include France’s Total TOTF.PA, China National Petroleum Corp [CNPET.UL], China’s CNOOC 0883.HK and the Japan Arctic LNG consortium made up of Mitsui & Co 8031.T and state-owned JOGMEC, formally known as Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp»

*

«Relations between Europe and Russia, including energy, remain tense after a poisoning attempt of Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny sparked calls for another key energy project between the two, Nord Stream 2, to be ditched»

«The role of European development institutions in bank-rolling LNG projects around the world has also come under greater scrutiny given EU’s ambitious climate goals»

* * * * * * *


Conclusioni.

I liberal socialisti del blocco europeo si sgolano a proclamare i loro ideali Grüne per costringere il mondo, l’universo, a tramutarsi in Green, ma contano ben poco in patria, figurarsi poi all’estero.

A dispetto delle prese di posizione governative, la finanza occidentale semplicemente ignora le loro esternazioni ed anche le sanzioni emesse: essa ha colto al volo la possibilità di impiegare denaro ben remunerato nel progetto russo Arctic LNG 2.

Questo è un ulteriore segno lampante di quanto poco contino i liberal socialisti: sono tediosamente noiosi nel non volerlo ammettere.

*


Exclusive: International lenders back $9.5 billion financing for Russia’s Arctic LNG 2 – document.

International lenders have lined up about $9.5 billion in financial support for a Russian Arctic liquefied natural gas (LNG) project, a document seen by Reuters showed, even as such projects come under greater scrutiny over climate concerns.

The $21 billion project, which received final investment approval a year ago, is expected to be launched in 2023 and to reach its full capacity of almost 20 million tonnes per year in 2026.

While the energy industry touts natural gas as a cleaner alternative to coal or crude, it is a source of carbon emissions and critics say LNG projects are hard to reconcile with the transition to low-carbon economy envisaged in the Paris climate agreement and the European Union’s Green Deal economic plan.

The interest of international institutions, however, gives a boost for the Arctic LNG 2 development, led by Russian non-state company Novatek NVTK.MM as Moscow’s plans to raise its share in the global LNG market.

Among them is French state investment bank and credit agency Bpifrance, with an offer of $700 million in credit finance, the China Development Bank, expected to offer a facility worth $5 billion and Germany’s Euler Hermes, with a covered facility of $300 million, the document said.

Alongside Bpifrance’s support, the document said a number of other state-backed institutions are also expected to help fund the project including the China Development Bank, which is expected to offer a facility equivalent to $5 billion.

The Japan Bank for International Cooperation is also seen providing a facility of $2.5 billion; an unnamed Russian bank $1.5 billion and Italy’s SACE a covered facility of $1 billion.

Russian top lender Sberbank SBER.MM has already earlier said it was ready to provide more than 2.7 billion euros in financing for the project, which aims to process gas from the Gydan Peninsula and ship 80% of LNG to Asia.

The lineup described in the document, if backed in full, would cover the need for the external financing, earlier estimated by Novatek at $9-$11 billion.

The project’s equity partners include France’s Total TOTF.PA, China National Petroleum Corp [CNPET.UL], China’s CNOOC 0883.HK and the Japan Arctic LNG consortium made up of Mitsui & Co 8031.T and state-owned JOGMEC, formally known as Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corp.

While Bpifrance’s recommendation, detailed in an internal document, comes with caveats and could yet be rejected by the government, its support highlights the importance of the project for one of France’s industrial champions.

The document said Bpifrance Assurance Export gave a “favourable opinion” to the strategic project guarantee “subject to subsequent examination of the project’s risk profile and its economic fundamentals” and with a “strong reserve” waiting for the finalisation of the environmental and social analysis.

Bpifrance and Total both declined to comment and Novatek had no immediate comment.

Relations between Europe and Russia, including energy, remain tense after a poisoning attempt of Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny sparked calls for another key energy project between the two, Nord Stream 2, to be ditched.

The role of European development institutions in bank-rolling LNG projects around the world has also come under greater scrutiny given EU’s ambitious climate goals.

Export credit agencies such as Bpifrance provide government-backed loans, guarantees, credits and insurance to private companies to help make it easier for them to do business abroad.

A spokeswoman for JBIC, which has already announced one loan for up to 125 million euros ($148.29 million) to help Mitsui & Co and the Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation take an equity stake in the venture, declined to comment on the Bpifrance document as she could not confirm the figure.

SACE declined to comment. CDB did not immediately reply to a request for comment. Euler Hermes directed the question to the Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs and Energy.

The ministry said it was not “not authorized to provide third parties with any information in this respect”.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Problemia Energetici

Cina. Avvia un ciclopico programma nucleare.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-07.

2020-06-03__Cina Reattori Nucleari 013

La Cina ha una popolazione quasi tripla rispetto a quella del blocco europeo e cinque volte maggiore di quella degli Stati Uniti, ed il suo sistema economico riesce ad espandersi a grande velocità.

La produzione di energia elettrica è strategica per la Cina, e la deve ampliare in continuazione. Si tenga conto come in questo settore i tempi di progettazione e costruzione si aggirino sulla decina di anni. Ne consegue che quanto progettato oggi deve tener presente le esigenze future, dei prossimi decenni.

Da questo punto di vista, il nucleare si presenta come una risorsa affidabile ed economica, e la Cina è adesso in grado di progettare e costruire centrali nucleari utilizzando solo le proprie conoscenze e know-how.

*

Cina. In funzione a Taishan il primo reattore nucleare Epr.

Cina. Centrali elettriche nucleari. 37 reattori attivi, 60 in costruzione, 179 programmati.

Nucleare, la Cina raggiunge la Russia al quarto posto mondiale per numero di reattori

Russia – Cina. Accordo per costruire reattori nucleari di nuova generazione.

Carbone. Consumi mondiali. I numeri parlano chiaro. La Cina.

Cina. Energie alternative solo se più economiche. Fine delle sovvenzioni.

* * * * * * *

«China to dominate nuclear as Beijing bets on homegrown reactors»

«Biggest energy user seen favoring own Hualong One technology»

«China probably won’t hit its nuclear energy target this year, but that’s unlikely to derail a broader ambition to become the planet’s chief proponent of the climate-friendly fuel by the end of the decade.»

«government researchers have said that nuclear capacity could more than double to 130 gigawatts by 2030»

«In the meantime, China looks like it’ll miss its goal of 58 gigawatts of nuclear by the end of this year»

«GlobalData Plc predicts that China will pass France as the world’s No. 2 nuclear generator in 2022 and claim the top spot from the U.S. four years after that»

«China has dramatically expanded nuclear capacity since 2010»

«China had almost 49 gigawatts installed as of 2019 and should get into the mid-fifties this year»

«At the annual parliamentary meeting in Beijing that ended last week, delegates suggested China should start construction on 6 to 8 reactors a year …. a typical 1-gigawatt reactor could create 50,000 jobs»

«China and the rest of the leading nuclear nations have been “assessing which nuclear technologies will dominate in the decade ahead,”»

«The four units green-lit last year are homegrown Hualong One reactors developed by China National Nuclear Corp. and China General Nuclear Power Corp»

«The first Hualong One reactor is expected to start operating in Fujian province by the end of this year»

«This implies that China is becoming a global nuclear technology leader, even as other countries turn away from nuclear»

* * * * * * *

Si resta francamente molto perplessi nel leggere i commenti fatti dall’articolista di Bloomberg.

Improvvisamente, le centrali elettriche nucleari sono diventate ‘clean energy sources’. Questa era una affermazione che fino a ieri suonava alle orecchie dei liberal come un orrenda bestemmia, una eresia degna del rogo per gli ecologisti.

Chissà donde sia arrivato il contrordine: voce potente ed ossequiata.

Ci si domanda allora per quale strano motivo Germania e Francia le vogliano chiudere.

Motivo che conosciamo e comprendiamo più che bene, ma che non è consentito riportare pubblicamente.

*


Bloomberg. China to Dominate Nuclear as Beijing Bets on Homegrown Reactors

– Biggest energy user seen favoring own Hualong One technology

– Other clean energy sources may be nuclear’s biggest rival

*

China probably won’t hit its nuclear energy target this year, but that’s unlikely to derail a broader ambition to become the planet’s chief proponent of the climate-friendly fuel by the end of the decade.

In an energy mix that’ll still heavily feature coal and other fossil fuels, government researchers have said that nuclear capacity could more than double to 130 gigawatts by 2030. While that would be only about 10% of national power generation, such is China’s heft in energy markets it would still save the amount of carbon that Germany emits annually from burning coal, oil and gas.

In the meantime, China looks like it’ll miss its goal of 58 gigawatts of nuclear by the end of this year. Why that is, as with virtually every recent stumble associated with atomic energy, dates to the catastrophe at Fukushima in Japan nine years ago, which has slowed new projects and halted approvals. Still, GlobalData Plc predicts that China will pass France as the world’s No. 2 nuclear generator in 2022 and claim the top spot from the U.S. four years after that.

Nuclear Powerhouse

China has dramatically expanded nuclear capacity since 2010

China had almost 49 gigawatts installed as of 2019 and should get into the mid-fifties this year. New plants, or adding reactors at existing facilities, takes years to plan and construct, and a three-year freeze on approvals that ended in 2019 has thinned the pipeline for this decade, according to BloombergNEF’s lead nuclear analyst, Chris Gadomski.

At the annual parliamentary meeting in Beijing that ended last week, delegates suggested China should start construction on 6 to 8 reactors a year. Employment is now the top priority for China’s leadership, and a typical 1-gigawatt reactor could create 50,000 jobs, according to one company official.

The ramp-up would likely take share from coal. For all of Beijing’s pledges to mitigate climate change, promote renewables, and phase in gas as a replacement, the dirtiest fossil fuel still accounts for well over half of the nation’s power needs. And while its proportion of the energy mix is shrinking, a growing economy dictates that total consumption is still near record levels.

Nuclear Tech

China and the rest of the leading nuclear nations have been “assessing which nuclear technologies will dominate in the decade ahead,” said Gadomski. The four units green-lit last year are homegrown Hualong One reactors developed by China National Nuclear Corp. and China General Nuclear Power Corp. They’ll still compete with other designs, including from abroad, and must prove themselves to be safe, but at the same time their approval is a clear signal on the nation’s favored path forward.

The first Hualong One reactor is expected to start operating in Fujian province by the end of this year.

“Government regulators have delayed approvals of new units and are waiting for new, domestic reactor-types under construction to be completed and demonstrate successful and safe operation,” said Alex Whitworth, research director at Wood Mackenzie Ltd. “This is likely to happen in the next year, and should lead to a new round of permitting of nuclear plants using domestic Chinese technology.”

The National Energy Administration, which oversees China’s nuclear fleet, didn’t respond to a request for comment on this story.

WoodMac’s expectation for China’s capacity in 2030 is more than 100 gigawatts. “This implies that China is becoming a global nuclear technology leader, even as other countries turn away from nuclear,” said Whitworth.

Obstacles?

So what could upset the predictions?

While China’s vast bureaucracy and competing fiefdoms create their own risks around the number and pace of approvals, among external pressures, the coronavirus looms large. Reduced power demand due to China’s lockdown earlier in the year has already seen CGN Power delay projects and cut spending for 2020. Further waves of infection unchecked by a vaccine would only see the industry hunker down even more, and could throw its longer term goals into doubt.

And then there’s the potential for public opposition to nuclear, which has hobbled the restart of Japan’s fleet of reactors. Protesters have successfully forestalled the industry’s spread inland from coastal areas, and a nuclear fuel factory in Guangdong province was canceled in 2013 amid local opposition. The effective disposal of nuclear waste remains a concern, with the development of a site in Jiangsu halted in 2016 after drawing protests. But the resistance to nuclear has died down somewhat in recent years.

So perhaps the biggest threat comes from elsewhere in China’s clean energy stable. The nation’s growing expertise and emphasis on solar and wind power, and the chunky up-front costs for nuclear and its troubled safety record, suggest that if atomic energy does end up taking a backseat, it could be due to the broader success of renewable energy.

Which brings the discussion back to technology. New reactors “will need to offer the benefits of being cheaper, safer and smaller, and perceived as complementary to renewables,” said BNEF’s Gadomski.

– Installed capacity of 130 gigawatts would cut annual carbon dioxide emissions by about 746 million tons, assuming average operating levels are similar to last year’s, according to a calculation based on data from the China Nuclear Energy Association. Germany’s annual emissions from burning oil, gas and coal were 726 million tons in 2018, according to BP Plc data.