Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ong - Ngo, Unione Europea

Grecia. Nuova legge sulle ngo. Nel 2015-2019 hanno sperperato 1.3 mld nel ‘people trafficking’. Solo in Grecia ….

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-07.

Atene 003

In Grecia stanno operando 86 ngo, delle quali 73 nazionali e 13 internazionali.

«Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarachi blamed NGOs without providing evidence, for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.»

«politicians from Greece’s ruling party New Democracy, who have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking»

*

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Lesbo. Gli abitanti contro i clandestini. La polizia spara. Almeno un morto.

Grecia. Schiera esercito al confine turco contro i migranti.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

Turkia convoglia migranti in Grecia. Ne ha 950,000.

Grecia. Rivolta armata contro immigrati e centri di raccolta.

Grecia. Exit polls. Nea Demokratia ~40%. Forse maggioranza di seggi. – Aljazeera.

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I migranti clandestini illegali dal Medio Oriente transitavano in Turkia e di qui buona quota raggiungeva la Grecia. Lo scorso anno la Grecia si è opposta militarmente a questa nuova invasione, invasione peraltro appoggiata sul suolo greco dall’azione delle ngo che si occupano dei migranti. Il Governo greco, cambiato nel luglio dello scorso anno, ha bollato queste ngo come organizzazioni dedite alla ‘tratta dei migranti’, che hanno sperperato 1.3 miliardi nella sola Grecia, tra il 2015-2019. Data l’entità della cifra si possono capire molte cose.

Si noti come l’Unione Europea, nella figura della Commissione Europea, abbia approvato che la Grecia avesse fatto intervenire l’esercito per bloccare una simile invasione, anche usando la forza e le armi.

È del tutto evidente che una situazione del genere necessitava di un intervento governativo, per dare regole e norme chiare e trasparenti alle ngo che operano sul suolo greco, spesso svolgendo azioni in netto contrasto con le decisioni politiche governative.

Le ngo non sono più da considerarsi uno stato dentro lo stato. Ameno in Grecia.

*

Non è questa la prima presa di posizione contro le attività delle ngo.

Libia.Vieta alle ngo la tratta dei migranti.

Europarlamento. Liberal socialisti battuti sulla mozione sui migranti ed ngo.

Russia. Nuova legge sulle ong (ngo). Povero Mr Soros.

Polonia. Scacciare le ong (ngo) di Mr Soros.

Repubblica Ceka. Rivolta aperta contro le ngo di Mr Soros.

Orban contro Soros. Nuova legge sulle Ong.

Unione Europea ed ngo. Un fiume di denaro non tracciabile. I numeri.

*

«New Greek rules stigmatise NGOs working with migrants»

«The Greek government is targeting NGOs working with migrants as part of a politicised effort to curtail asylum»

«New ministerial rules introduced earlier this year and inserted into a wider migration law in May only apply to civil society groups that deals with refugees and asylum»

«Athens says the rules are needed for greater transparency and accountability but NGOs argue they also discriminate and are almost impossible to implement for smaller grassroots organisations»

«the new rules impose extra conditions on the registration of civil society outfits»

«The law maintains a clear discretion on the ministry of migration and asylum to deny registration – even if the requirements are met»

«NGOs that help asylum seekers are now required to register with the ministry of asylum and migration»

«They are also required to be certified should they wish to receive state-level or EU funding. …. they are required to show financial statements dating back two years»

«that it only targets NGOs working with refugees, and requires they get audited by certified auditors, and other bureaucratic obligations, that risk creating a chilling effect.»

«This new process will exclude many organisations because they don’t have the budget to cover this exorbitant costs»

«Greece currently has around 86 registered NGOs working on migration. Of those, 73 are national and 13 international.»

«The previous government in Greece, voted out of power last summer, had set up a registry for NGOs»

«As it stands, the law seems to have been activated in order to punish and exclude NGOs from public affairs instead of regulating their action by integrating them into a transparent and accountable collaborative framework with the state and citizens»

«politicians from Greece’s ruling party New Democracy, who have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking»

«Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarachi blamed NGOs without providing evidence, for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.»

* * * * * * *

La rivolta contro le ngo prosegue.

«minister …. blamed NGOs …. for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.»

«politicians …. have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking»

E la Commissione Europea tace.

*


Eu Observer. New Greek rules stigmatise NGOs working with migrants

The Greek government is targeting NGOs working with migrants as part of a politicised effort to curtail asylum.

New ministerial rules introduced earlier this year and inserted into a wider migration law in May only apply to civil society groups that deals with refugees and asylum.

Athens says the rules are needed for greater transparency and accountability but NGOs argue they also discriminate and are almost impossible to implement for smaller grassroots organisations.

Drafted by the Greek ministry of finance and the ministry of migration and asylum, the new rules impose extra conditions on the registration of civil society outfits.

“The law maintains a clear discretion on the ministry of migration and asylum to deny registration – even if the requirements are met,” said Minos Mouzourakis, a legal officer at Refugee Support Aegean.

NGOs that help asylum seekers are now required to register with the ministry of asylum and migration. They are also required to be certified should they wish to receive state-level or EU funding.

In affect, the rules essentially prevent new NGOs from registering – because they are required to show financial statements dating back two years.

Chilling effect

Melina Spathari at Terre des Hommes Hellas, an international NGO, says a centralised updated registry of NGOs will enhance transparency.

But she pointed out that it only targets NGOs working with refugees, and requires they get audited by certified auditors, and other bureaucratic obligations, that risk creating a chilling effect.

“This new process will exclude many organisations because they don’t have the budget to cover this exorbitant costs. We are talking about very small civil society organisations, grass roots,” she said.

It also means asylum seekers and refugees may stand to lose out given many rely on the NGOs for basic needs in Greece.

Greece currently has around 86 registered NGOs working on migration. Of those, 73 are national and 13 international.

The previous government in Greece, voted out of power last summer, had set up a registry for NGOs. But the new registry for NGO staff created earlier this year is adding a whole new layer of requirements.

“This has happened in the context of a deteriorating public narrative around NGOs and specifically NGOs that work with asylum seekers and migrants and people on the move in general,” said Adriana Tidona, a researcher on migration at Amnesty International’s European office.

Tidona says the new rules are posing serious questions when it comes to the freedom of association, the freedom of expression, discrimination and the right to privacy.

“It is also concerning that the registration is basically entrusted to an authority which is not independent from the government,” she said.

Also known as the ‘special coordinating secretary’, it can approve or revoke registrations at any moment.

Doctors of the World Greece said the secretary’s power is too great, noting it will be able to reject an application even if all the legal requirements are met.

“As it stands, the law seems to have been activated in order to punish and exclude NGOs from public affairs instead of regulating their action by integrating them into a transparent and accountable collaborative framework with the state and citizens,” said Elli Xenou at Doctors of the World Greece.

Such moves appear to align with public statements made by politicians from Greece’s ruling party New Democracy, who have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking.

More recently, Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarachi blamed NGOs without providing evidence, for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.

Tacit support

The move comes amid heightened tensions over migration following Turkey’s failed bid to send thousands of refugee hopefuls into Greece in March.

It also comes amid ongoing silence by a European Commission on alleged rights abuses in Greece after the country suspended asylum applications for a month.

Asked to comment on the new rules, the European Commission has yet to respond to this website.

But in March, the European Commission’s vice-president Margaritis Schinas tasked to promote ‘our European way of life’ offered a clue.

“EU support will be unequivocal,” said Schinas when asked about Greece suspending asylum claims.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Unione Europea

Polonia. Maggio. Pil annualizzato +2.0%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-07.

2020-06-07__Poland pil 013

Ungheria, Polonia e Romania sono la pulpite purulenta del blocco europeo e dei liberal socialisti.

Quegli staterelli non hanno aderito all’euro e si sono tenuti ben strette le proprie valute, sono dannatamente cristiani ed attaccati alle loro tradizioni religiose, storiche, sociali ed economiche, poi, per soprammercato, sono culture antiabortiste e non accettano l’imposizione dell’etica liberal.

Ma per fare buon peso, mentre tutti i paesi del blocco europeo sono nei triboli di una crisi economica senza precedenti, a maggio il pil annualizzato ungherese ha registrato un +2.2%, quello della Romania un +2.4% e quello polacco un +2.0%.

Quegli stati sono la dimostrazione vivente di cosa voglia dire avere un governo onesto e capace, e svergognano il blocco europeo.

«Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki is optimistic that the country’s economy will perform better than expected by analysts this year, thanks in part to government relief efforts»

«The European Union forecast a 4.3% decline in Poland’s gross domestic product in 2020, the best performance expected among the bloc’s 27 nations during the coronavirus pandemic»

«“Most financial institutions predict about a 4% fall in GDP,” Morawiecki told radio RMF on Saturday. “I hope that it will be lower than forecasts.”»

* * * * * * *

Verosimilmente questi stati risentiranno del rallentamento dei commerci, ma dai dati macro disponibili le previsioni fatte dall’Unione Europea apparirebbero essere un po’ troppo pessimiste.

*


 Polish Premier Says Economic Performance May Beat Forecasts.

Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki is optimistic that the country’s economy will perform better than expected by analysts this year, thanks in part to government relief efforts.

The European Union forecast a 4.3% decline in Poland’s gross domestic product in 2020, the best performance expected among the bloc’s 27 nations during the coronavirus pandemic. The median forecast from a Bloomberg survey of economists shows it shrinking by 3.8% this year.

“Most financial institutions predict about a 4% fall in GDP,” Morawiecki told radio RMF on Saturday. “I hope that it will be lower than forecasts.”

The premier, who this week said the country’s “anti-crisis shield” will total 400 billion zloty ($102 billion) in relief and subsidies, or about 17% of GDP, expects the unemployment rate to stay in the single digits throughout 2020.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Malta. Vergato con la Libia un accordo per bloccare i migranti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-05.

Malta 013

Malta. Migranti. Navi corsare. Riferiti dodici morti, testimonianza dubbia.

Migranti. Malta è tornata con successo ai vecchi metodi medievali.

Malta. Denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini e pone il veto sui migranti.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

Latest Tactic to Push Migrants From Europe? A Private, Clandestine Fleet.

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«Malta’s new prime minister was recently in war-torn Tripoli to strike deals on migrants, as Libya continues to fall apart»

«The Maltese delegation flew in to Mitiga airport at 9AM on the morning of 28 May, drove in a convoy to the city centre to meet the EU and UN-recognised Libyan prime minister Fayez al-Sarraj, signed a new deal to help stop migrants coming to Europe, and flew out again at 3PM»

«The migrant deal appears to be limited to opening two “coordination” offices, one in Malta and one in Libya»

«It comes as Maltese prime minister Robert Abela wrestles with a series of accusations on how his navy mistreated migrant boats in recent weeks»

«Malta, a micro-state of less than half a million people, already hosts about 50,000 migrants and wants more EU solidarity»

«Abela also discussed the pandemic and arms smuggling on his short trip»

«Some 14 Russian warplanes painted in neutral colours, and hundreds of Russian mercenaries have now joined him [Khalifa Haftar] to help»

«And Moscow printed €1bn in counterfeit Libyan dinars that it was to ship to Haftar, but which was intercepted in Malta»

«But the modern Russian warplanes marked “a substantial further escalation”»

«while most EU and Nato states back al-Sarraj, France has given diplomatic and military assistance to Haftar»

* * * * * * *

Riassumiamo.

Alcuni stati del blocco europeo sono schierati con al-Sarraj, mentre altri, Francia in testa, supportano Haftar.

I russi invece aiutano militarmente Haftar, cui donano miliardi di dinari libici falsificati ad arte.

Malta, stanca di essere lasciata sola, oltre alle azioni militari o paramilitari, adesso tenta anche la via di un accordo.

Si profila un conflitto di lunga durata, con il blocco europeo attivo come uno scoglio.

*


Malta fiddles on migrants, as Libya burns

Malta’s new prime minister was recently in war-torn Tripoli to strike deals on migrants, as Libya continues to fall apart.

The Maltese delegation flew in to Mitiga airport at 9AM on the morning of 28 May, drove in a convoy to the city centre to meet the EU and UN-recognised Libyan prime minister Fayez al-Sarraj, signed a new deal to help stop migrants coming to Europe, and flew out again at 3PM.

The migrant deal appears to be limited to opening two “coordination” offices, one in Malta and one in Libya, with Malta declining to give more details.

It comes as Maltese prime minister Robert Abela wrestles with a series of accusations on how his navy mistreated migrant boats in recent weeks.

Malta, a micro-state of less than half a million people, already hosts about 50,000 migrants and wants more EU solidarity.

But on the the other hand, Libya, which is home to some 800,000 irregular migrants, has been accused of gross violations of human rights in detention centres, with the UN saying it was not safe to send people back.

Abela also discussed the pandemic and arms smuggling on his short trip.

And Tripoli itself appeared peaceful on the day.

“I saw a few buildings marked by shells or bullets, but the city was quiet and we couldn’t hear any sounds of fighting,” a source on the Maltese delegation told EUobserver.

But Abela did see, first hand, what the war was like when he drove past the remains of passenger planes and helicopters in a field adjacent to Mitiga airport, which had been destroyed by shelling not long before his arrival.

Shells recently struck the vicinity of the Italian embassy.

And three days after Abela flew out, fresh salvos fired by the forces of a Russian-backed warlord, Khalifa Haftar, who is trying to overthrow al-Sarraj, killed five civilians in a park.

Russia escalates

The Tripoli fighting has been going on since last April, when Haftar launched his campaign to take the capital.

Some 14 Russian warplanes painted in neutral colours, and hundreds of Russian mercenaries have now joined him to help, the Pentagon also said last week.

And Moscow printed €1bn in counterfeit Libyan dinars that it was to ship to Haftar, but which was intercepted in Malta, the US said on Friday.

“This incident once again highlights the need for Russia to cease its malign and destabilising actions in Libya,” the US said, amid Russian denials.

Refurbished old jets from former Soviet republics supplied to Haftar by his other allies – such as Egypt or the United Arab Emirates – have long been a feature of the civil war.

But the modern Russian warplanes marked “a substantial further escalation”, Sweden’s former foreign minister Carl Bildt said.

The Libya war was complicated further when Turkey sent troops and drones to fight on al-Sarraj’s side this year.

“We will be there [in Libya] no matter what the outcome. We are decisive on that,” Turkish vice-president Fuat Oktay said on Friday.

The war is also complicated because, while most EU and Nato states back al-Sarraj, France has given diplomatic and military assistance to Haftar.

The source in the Maltese delegation declined to comment on that.

But the threat to Europe could be higher than that posed by migrant dinghies if things go badly, the US warned in its recent statements.

“If Russia seizes basing on Libya’s coast, the next logical step is they deploy permanent long-range anti-access area-denial [A2/AD] capabilities,” US general Jeff Harrigian said.

A2AD capabilities refer to Russian anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles that would make the area a no-go zone for Nato.

“If that day comes, it will create very real security concerns on Europe’s southern flank,” Harrigian said.

Le Drian’s tears

“The crisis is deepening. We are facing a ‘Syrianisation’ of Libya,” French foreign minister Jean-Yves le Drian also warned last week, referring to the civil war in Syria, where Russia already has an A2AD facility.

Le Drian is said to have been the architect of France’s pro-Haftar policy, despite his remarks.

And whatever effect the war will have on Europe, just as in Syria, it is local people who are likely to suffer most, as foreign powers make their moves.

“Conflict and the Covid-19 pandemic present a significant threat to life in Libya. The health and safety of the country’s entire population are at risk,” the UN said last week.

“Local/community transmission [of coronavirus] is taking place”, the UN warned.

“The risk of further escalation of the outbreak is very high,” with some military attacks targeting medical facilities and water supplies, it said.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Unione Europea

Commissione Europea. Export -15%, Import -14%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-03.

2020-06-01__Cina 013

«Europe issues gloomier projections of its trade slump with world.»

«EU sees 2020 exports, imports dropping up to 868 billion euros»

«New forecast shows worldwide damage caused by coronavirus »

«The European Union said its trade with the rest of the world would slump this year by as much as 868 billion euros ($963 billion), or more than 10%, in a gloomier updated forecast that offers fresh evidence of the global economic damage caused by the coronavirus»

«EU exports of goods and services will fall by 282 billion euros to 470 billion euros, or 9% to 15%, while imports of both will decline by 313 billion euros to 398 billion euros, or 11% to 14%, the European Commission said on Friday»

«The new forecast is based on a projection by the commission, the 27-nation EU’s executive arm in Brussels, that global trade will drop 10% to 16% this year»

«The World Trade Organization predicted in early April that global merchandise commerce would decline as much as 32% this year.»

* * * * * * *

Sicuramente il coronavirus ha determinato un rallentamento consistente dei commerci internazionali.

Commerci Mondiali. Marzo. -1.4% mese su mese. Bene Cina ed India.

Su resta tuttavia molto perplessi nel leggere i dati macro della Cina.

Cina. Aprile. Raffinerie. Export +10.2% MoM, +29.7% YoY.

Cina. Aprile. Produzione Industriale Annualizzata +3.9%.

E, come se non bastasse, ad aprile l’export cinese su base annuale è aumentato del 3.5%.

Eppure i mercati internazionali sono gli stessi sia per il blocco europeo sia per la Cina.

*


Bloomberg. Europe Issues Gloomier Projections of Its Trade Slump With World.

– EU sees 2020 exports, imports dropping up to 868 billion euros

– New forecast shows worldwide damage caused by coronavirus

*

The European Union said its trade with the rest of the world would slump this year by as much as 868 billion euros ($963 billion), or more than 10%, in a gloomier updated forecast that offers fresh evidence of the global economic damage caused by the coronavirus.

EU exports of goods and services will fall by 282 billion euros to 470 billion euros, or 9% to 15%, while imports of both will decline by 313 billion euros to 398 billion euros, or 11% to 14%, the European Commission said on Friday.

The new forecast is based on a projection by the commission, the 27-nation EU’s executive arm in Brussels, that global trade will drop 10% to 16% this year. The World Trade Organization predicted in early April that global merchandise commerce would decline as much as 32% this year.

In an initial projection in mid-April of the pandemic’s impact, the commission said the bloc’s trade with the rest of the world would fall by 525 billion euros this year. That outlook foresaw EU exports of goods and services dropping 9.2% and imports declining 8.8%.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Svezia. Senza Lockdown pil annuale +0.4%. Ma la disoccupazione al 17%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-01.

Giulio Romano. Mantova. Palazzo Te. Caduta dei Giganti. 002 Particolare

«Sweden’s economy grew in the first quarter as many other countries sank into a deep recession, adding to a debate on how best to tackle the spread of Covid-19»

«Sweden has opted for a softer lockdown, but its approach has resulted in a higher death rate than in many other countries»

«The GDP data published on Friday, which show a 0.1% expansion from the fourth quarter, provide “yet another sign that less strict containment measures eased the initial blow to the economy from the pandemic»

«there’s little chance that “Sweden will escape a recession in 2020»

«Strict lockdowns aren’t sustainable when tackling a virus that may be around for years»

«According to Johns Hopkins University data, Sweden has had 41 deaths per 100,000. That compares with 31 in the U.S. and 10 in neighboring Denmark»

* * * * * * *

Svezia. Moria nei gerontocomi. La morte di pochi salva la produzione.

La Svezia ha scelto di mettere in campo un modestissimo lockdown, assoggettandosi ad un maggior numero di decessi da coronavirus pur di mantenere efficiente il sistema produttivo economico. La moria è stata alta, ma confinata principalmente nei gerontocomi e tra i vecchi già portatori di severe patologie, quali l’insufficienza renale oppure tumori maligni.

E dati relativi al pil del primo trimestre corroborerebbero la correttezza di questa visione.

Ma non è tutto oro ciò che riluce.

Svezia. Economia -7%. Disoccupati ufficiali 7.9%, reali 17%.

«Sweden’s highly contested response to Covid-19 left much of the economy open. Even so, the country is now headed for its worst recession since World War II.»

«Scandinavia’s biggest economy will shrink 7% this year, Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson said»

«40% of businesses in Sweden’s service sector now fear bankruptcy.»

«But the trade-reliant economy has been unable to withstand the global shock triggered by widespread lockdowns elsewhere»

«About half Sweden’s GDP comes from exports, and some of its best known companies, such as Volvo Cars and Electrolux, have had to cut thousands of jobs as demand dries up»

«unemployment could rise as high as 17%. That’s how high the unemployment rate would be if all the workers in the government’s furlough program were counted as unemployed.»

Gli svedesi hanno considerato come ‘occupati’ tutti coloro che sono nell’equivalente della nostra cassa di integrazione.Un modo di fare molto spigliato.

* * * * * * *

Chi avesse studiato von Mises non si stupirebbe però di questi risultati.

Se è della massima importanza produrre beni richiesti e facilmente esportabili, sarebbe utile ricordare come in carenza di un mercato che possa recepirla e pagarla, la produzione diventa un mero magazzino improduttivo, che alla lunga diventa economicamente insostenibile.

*


Sweden’s Economy Grew Last Quarter, Adding to Covid-19 Debate

Sweden’s economy grew in the first quarter as many other countries sank into a deep recession, adding to a debate on how best to tackle the spread of Covid-19.

Sweden has opted for a softer lockdown, but its approach has resulted in a higher death rate than in many other countries. What’s more, Sweden’s government recently acknowledged that for all of 2020, the economy is likely to suffer its worst decline since World War II.

The GDP data published on Friday, which show a 0.1% expansion from the fourth quarter, provide “yet another sign that less strict containment measures eased the initial blow to the economy from the pandemic,” Bloomberg economist Johanna Jeansson said.

But, there’s little chance that “Sweden will escape a recession in 2020,” even though “it is set to be smaller than elsewhere.”

As of Thursday, Sweden had registered 4,266 deaths related to Covid-19. Though the virus has at no point overwhelmed the country’s health system, the high mortality rate has forced Swedish authorities to defend their approach to the pandemic.

According to Johns Hopkins University data, Sweden has had 41 deaths per 100,000. That compares with 31 in the U.S. and 10 in neighboring Denmark.

Swedish shops, schools, gyms and restaurants have all remained open throughout the crisis. Instead, the government has encouraged citizens to observe social distancing rules.

The country’s top epidemiologist, Anders Tegnell, argues that the Swedish model is designed to cope with a long-term health crisis. Strict lockdowns aren’t sustainable when tackling a virus that may be around for years, he says.

But the policy appears to be costing more lives here and now. It’s also raised concerns in other European Union countries as they start opening borders. Cyprus recently made clear it doesn’t want Swedish residents entering the island. Sweden’s Nordic neighbors have also voiced concerns.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Unione Europea

Eurozona. Maggio. Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI ) 39.4.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-01.

2020-06-01__Eurozona 001

L’indice dei responsabili degli acquisti di servizi (Purchasing Managers’ Index, PMI) misura il livello di attività dei responsabili degli acquisti nel settore manifatturiero.

Qualsiasi dato superiore al 50 indica un’espansione, mentre un dato inferiore indica una contrazione.

Fornisce un’indicazione sullo stato di salute del comparto manifatturiero e sulla crescita della produzione a Eurolandia.

Gli operatori esaminano con attenzione queste indagini, dal momento che i responsabili degli acquisti di solito hanno un accesso precoce ai dati relativi alle prestazioni dell’azienda, che possono diventare un indicatore chiave della prestazione economica nel suo insieme.

A nostra personale opinione questo dato sembrerebbe essere troppo ottimistico.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Europa. La fame inizia a dilagare in un continente che si proclama civile.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-29.

2020-05-25__Fame Europa 013

New York. 1 su 4 necessitano di cibo. Già distribuiti 32 milioni di pasti.

La fame è tra noi. Serve solo saperla e volerla vedere.

Se non la si volesse o sapesse vedere, molto verosimilmente la si proverà in prima persona.

Ma prima o poi questo problema si tramuterà da umanitario e sociale anche in un problema politico, anche finora la classe politica lo vuole ignorare: a regalare pasti gratis sono quasi esclusivamente le organizzazioni religiose.

«Europe’s Bread Lines Get New Faces in Warning of Crisis to Come»

«Food banks see higher demand from professionals, self-employed»

«Giovanni Bruno, head of Italy’s food bank network Banco Alimentare, has never seen a crisis like the one sparked by the coronavirus: not only have requests for help surged by 40%, but the profile of those seeking help has changed»

«Volunteers are seeing new faces among the overwhelming number of people who show up each day, unable to feed themselves. Many are workers and the self-employed who until the coronavirus lockdown had always been able to put a meal on the table.»

«The growing number of professionals in bread lines is a sign that Europe’s relatively comprehensive safety nets are fraying or failing to capture new classes of vulnerable people, even with vast new emergency aid programs»

«That includes small business owners, freelancers, or temporary workers who could normally rely on a rotation of jobs in industries like tourism, hotels and restaurants.»

«The impact on the low-skilled and low-paid is a particular problem as many of them were merely getting by even before the crisis.»

«Across Europe, the rate of in-work poverty has risen since 2008 to close to 10%. In the U.K., half of the workers at risk of losing their jobs or facing reduced hours or pay are in occupations earning less than 10 pounds ($12.36) an hour — below the target rate for the national minimum wage»

«Conrado Gimenez, who runs a non-profit organization called Fundacion Madrina in Madrid, says he and his volunteers fed around 400 families a month at their food bank before the crisis. Now, they are feeding 2,500 families each day, including many waiters, cooks and other professionals»

«That could mean a voter backlash at the polls or a rise in unrest. Less than two years ago, a fuel tax increase in France viewed as hitting poor rural workers was enough to spark the Yellow Vest protests that expanded into national riots»

«The greater impact on temporary and gig workers partly reflects the damage to tourism, travel and leisure. That’s put staff in bars, hotels and cinemas across the region in the cross hairs»

«The greater impact on temporary and gig workers partly reflects the damage to tourism, travel and leisure. That’s put staff in bars, hotels and cinemas across the region in the cross hairs»

«In the Italian regions of Campania, Calabria and Sicily, requests for food packages are up around 60%»

«Those on permanent contracts are harder to lay off and therefore fare better during a recession, something borne out in unemployment numbers.»

«Nearly 75% of the 905,000 workers who lost their jobs in Spain in March and April were on temporary contracts.»

«Almost 16% of employees in the euro-area were on such contracts in 2019»

* * * * * * *

Questa crisi ha evidenziato nella sua drammaticità un problema economico e sociale che a regime passava quasi inosservato.

– Gli occupati, indipendentemente dalla tipologia del contratto di assunzione, sono facilmente identificabili da parte del sistema.

– Similmente, il numero dei disoccupati è rilevato da numero di richieste di sussidi di disoccupazione, anche se nei fatti essi sono molti di più.

– Esistono poi numerose persone che lavorano occasionalmente, gran parte in nero, e la loro numerosità può essere solo stimata in modo indiretto, molto approssimato. Spesso finiscono in questa categoria anche molte persone impiegate nel settore alberghiero e turistico.

Se è vero che l’attuale crisi ha causato il licenziamento di molti dipendenti, transitati quindi nella fascia dei disoccupati, sarebbe altrettanto vera la constatazione che abbia falcidiato le possibilità lavorative di quella terza quota di lavoratori saltuari oppure in nero. Questi, difficilmente individuabili e senza possibilità di ricevere sussidi, adesso sono alla fame. Sono cessate le loro entrate e nulla avevano di scorta.

Si apre quindi un problema umanitario, sociale ed economico, sulla cui portata ne ha coscienza solo chi frequenta le mense gratuite per i poveri oppure il Banco Alimentare.

*


Europe’s Bread Lines Get New Faces in Warning of Crisis to Come.

– Food banks see higher demand from professionals, self-employed

– Higher income inequality could lead to voter backlash, unrest

*

Giovanni Bruno, head of Italy’s food bank network Banco Alimentare, has never seen a crisis like the one sparked by the coronavirus: not only have requests for help surged by 40%, but the profile of those seeking help has changed.

Volunteers are seeing new faces among the overwhelming number of people who show up each day, unable to feed themselves. Many are workers and the self-employed who until the coronavirus lockdown had always been able to put a meal on the table.

“People tell us they are ashamed, they never needed to ask for food before,” he said. “Some call for their neighbors who don’t want to ask for help.”

The growing number of professionals in bread lines is a sign that Europe’s relatively comprehensive safety nets are fraying or failing to capture new classes of vulnerable people, even with vast new emergency aid programs. With the economy in a deep recession, and facing a slow recovery, that raises the specter of an increase in income inequality in a region that’s traditionally done a better job of tackling the problem than the U.S.

Many of the hardest hit by the sudden stop in activity are those who don’t qualify for the support that usually comes with a permanent job contract. That includes small business owners, freelancers, or temporary workers who could normally rely on a rotation of jobs in industries like tourism, hotels and restaurants.

“Even in the most developed, most comprehensive system there are significant gaps that some workers are falling through,” said Stefano Scarpetta, director of employment, labor and social affairs at the OECD in Paris.

The impact on the low-skilled and low-paid is a particular problem as many of them were merely getting by even before the crisis. They don’t have a big cushion of savings to get them through the lockdown, whether they’ve lost their job or just had a reduction in earnings.

Across Europe, the rate of in-work poverty has risen since 2008 to close to 10%. In the U.K., half of the workers at risk of losing their jobs or facing reduced hours or pay are in occupations earning less than 10 pounds ($12.36) an hour — below the target rate for the national minimum wage, according to McKinsey & Co.

And in a chilling warning, the official who oversees the U.K. national death statistics said a prolonged, sluggish economic recovery could lead to a “significant number of deaths as a result of people being pushed into poverty or into long-term unemployment.”

More Yellow Vests?

Conrado Gimenez, who runs a non-profit organization called Fundacion Madrina in Madrid, says he and his volunteers fed around 400 families a month at their food bank before the crisis. Now, they are feeding 2,500 families each day, including many waiters, cooks and other professionals.

“No crisis can compare to this one,” Gimenez said.

With the most vulnerable taking the brunt, the health crisis that’s become an economic crisis could also lead to long-term social repercussions.

That could mean a voter backlash at the polls or a rise in unrest. Less than two years ago, a fuel tax increase in France viewed as hitting poor rural workers was enough to spark the Yellow Vest protests that expanded into national riots. In Italy, young voters with limited job security helped fuel the populist Five Star Party’s rise to power.

“There is a strong risk that lots of people put their yellow vests back on for a social revolt in the street,” said Julien Damon, a sociologist and associate at Fondation Jean Jaures. “I don’t see how the pay scale can be totally transformed in a few months.”

Governments have made efforts to help, quickly putting together programs to protect jobs. France has encouraged firms to pay bonuses to those on the lowest wages and vowed to boost the incomes of front-line health workers after the crisis.

Italy’s latest 55 billion-euro stimulus package includes more tax cuts, temporary subsidies of between 600-1000 euros for self-employed workers and a special emergency income for people who don’t qualify for welfare payments.

In Spain, the government has suspended mortgage payments for some and eased access to unemployment programs for temporary workers. It’s also accelerated plans to roll out a living minimum wage this summer to help the lowest-income families.

The greater impact on temporary and gig workers partly reflects the damage to tourism, travel and leisure. That’s put staff in bars, hotels and cinemas across the region in the cross hairs. Southern Europe, with its heavy reliance on tourism, is particularly hit. In the Italian regions of Campania, Calabria and Sicily, requests for food packages are up around 60%.

The recession is also laying bare the fact that Europe’s policy makers haven’t done enough since the last crisis to close the gap between the labor market’s haves and have nots. Those on permanent contracts are harder to lay off and therefore fare better during a recession, something borne out in unemployment numbers.

Nearly 75% of the 905,000 workers who lost their jobs in Spain in March and April were on temporary contracts. Almost 16% of employees in the euro-area were on such contracts in 2019, according to the EU statistics agency Eurostat.

In France, the government put in place an unemployment insurance scheme for self-employed workers last year, but the benefits are capped at 800 euros for a maximum of six months. “By the end of the crisis, there could be a strong increase in people with zero resources,” said Eric Chevee, vice president of French small business federation CPME.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Svezia. Economia -7%. Disoccupati ufficiali 7.9%, reali 17%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-27.

STOCCOLMA-01

Se gli svedesi avessero definito come occupati tutti i nati da donna in Svezia, l’occupazione sarebbe del 100% e la disoccupazione sarebbe dello 0%.

Visto come è semplice?

Basta solo cambiare le definizioni. Detto e fatto.

*

«Sweden’s highly contested response to Covid-19 left much of the economy open. Even so, the country is now headed for its worst recession since World War II.»

«Scandinavia’s biggest economy will shrink 7% this year, Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson said»

«Shortly after she spoke, the debt office revealed an historic 30-fold spike in borrowing to cover emergency spending amid record job losses.»

«40% of businesses in Sweden’s service sector now fear bankruptcy.»

«Though the country has seen considerably more Covid-19 deaths than its Nordic neighbors, some theorized it might at least suffer less economic pain. But the latest data challenge that idea.»

«“a very deep economic crisis. …. deep downturn in the economy is happening faster than we expected»

«Sweden has left shops, restaurants, gyms and schools open throughout the pandemic, while encouraging citizens to use common sense and observe distancing guidelines.»

«But the trade-reliant economy has been unable to withstand the global shock triggered by widespread lockdowns elsewhere»

«The economy will be constrained by the recovery in the rest of the continent given its dependence on external demand»

«About half Sweden’s GDP comes from exports, and some of its best known companies, such as Volvo Cars and Electrolux, have had to cut thousands of jobs as demand dries up»

* * * * * * *

Con o senza il lockdown, un sistema economico che dipende per la metà del suo pil dalle esportazioni va immediatamente in recessione qualora mancassero gli acquirenti. Così molte grandi aziende hanno iniziato a licenziare e la disoccupazione è salita in un mese dal 6.7% al 7.9%.

Ma questo è il ‘dato ufficiale’ frutto di un ingegnoso marchingegno.

«Sweden’s unemployment rate rose more than expected in April»

«unemployment could rise as high as 17%. That’s how high the unemployment rate would be if all the workers in the government’s furlough program were counted as unemployed.»

* * * * * * *

Gli svedesi hanno considerato come ‘occupati’ tutti coloro che sono nell’equivalente della nostra cassa di integrazione.

Morale.

Leggere con cura le note metodologiche e le definizioni prima di ragionare sui dati numerici.

*


Swedish Jobless Rate Climbs Amid Brewing Political Storm

Sweden’s unemployment rate rose more than expected in April as the effects of the Covid-19 crisis continued to wreak havoc across the Nordic region’s biggest economy.

The seasonally-adjusted jobless measure increased to 7.9% from 6.7% a month earlier, Statistics Sweden reported. Economists were expecting a rate of 7.8%, according to the median of seven estimates from a Bloomberg survey. The unadjusted rate rose to 8.2% amid a sharp drop in the number of hours worked, mainly within the hotel and restaurant industry.

What Bloomberg Economists Say…

Unless demand picks up shortly, unemployment could rise as high as 17%. That’s how high the unemployment rate would be if all the workers in the government’s furlough program were counted as unemployed.

–Johanna Jeansson

The worsening jobless data comes at a difficult time for the Social Democrat-led government. Next week the administration is expected make public the results of an inquiry into labor market reform, which was set up at the behest of its budget allies after the general election in 2018.

Included in the proposals are regulatory measures that will make it easier and less costly for employers to fire workers, according to a report by state broadcaster SVT on Sunday.

The proposal has sparked fury among the country’s union leaders and opposition political parties, which are threatening to oust Prime Minister Stefan Lofven if it becomes law.

The Left Party Leader Jonas Sjostedt told SVT that his party would call for a no-confidence vote in the prime minister were he to push through with the new legislation — something the leader of the Moderates, Ulf Kristersson, said he would also back.

“This is the worst attack on job security in decades,” Sjostedt said. “I hope the government is wise enough, during a time like this when so many are losing their jobs, to throw the proposals in the bin.”

*


Sweden in ‘Very Deep Economic Crisis’ Despite Soft Lockdown

Sweden’s highly contested response to Covid-19 left much of the economy open. Even so, the country is now headed for its worst recession since World War II.

Scandinavia’s biggest economy will shrink 7% this year, Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson said on Tuesday. Shortly after she spoke, the debt office revealed an historic 30-fold spike in borrowing to cover emergency spending amid record job losses. A separate survey showed 40% of businesses in Sweden’s service sector now fear bankruptcy.

There’s been intense speculation over Sweden’s controversial model for fighting the spread of the coronavirus. Though the country has seen considerably more Covid-19 deaths than its Nordic neighbors, some theorized it might at least suffer less economic pain. But the latest data challenge that idea.

Andersson said her country is now seeing “a very deep economic crisis.” She also said the “deep downturn in the economy is happening faster than we expected.”

Marten Bjellerup, chief economist at the debt office in Stockholm, says he thinks Sweden will fare “somewhat better” than others, but acknowledged “the difference is marginal.”

The Swedish Model

Sweden has left shops, restaurants, gyms and schools open throughout the pandemic, while encouraging citizens to use common sense and observe distancing guidelines.

But the trade-reliant economy has been unable to withstand the global shock triggered by widespread lockdowns elsewhere.

“The economy will be constrained by the recovery in the rest of the continent given its dependence on external demand,” said David Oxley of Capital Economics.

About half Sweden’s GDP comes from exports, and some of its best known companies, such as Volvo Cars and Electrolux, have had to cut thousands of jobs as demand dries up.

“The new orders component of the manufacturing PMI is consistent with an eye-watering decline in export values in the second half of this year,” Oxley said.

A Sustainable Strategy

Sweden’s government has made clear its Covid-19 strategy isn’t about putting the economy ahead of lives. Instead, the top epidemiologist, Anders Tegnell, says his approach is more sustainable when tackling a virus that’s likely to be here for the long term.

Tegnell’s theory is widely accepted by Swedes and has won some support from the World Health Organization. Michael Ryan, who runs WHO’s health emergencies program, recently said, “If we are to reach a new normal, in many ways Sweden represents a future model.”

But for now, Sweden’s experiences suggest there might be few economic benefits to leaving an economy open during a pandemic.

Asked whether Sweden might see a quick rebound, Andersson, the finance minister, said “that doesn’t seem very likely at present. We expect a more drawn out scenario.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Italia. Fondi EU per sovvenzionare le biciclette irritano i nordici.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-26.

Cicala e Formica

I paesi ‘frugali’ del nord sono incainati al calor rovente per come quei brighella che governano l’Italia stanno spendendo i loro denari.

*

«The country’s generous bike subsidies raise the question of how it might spend the proceeds of any EU recovery fund»

«The “frugal four” are watching.»

«The Franco-German plan for a 500 billion-euro ($548 billion) “recovery fund” for the European Union has raised the hackles of a group of smaller countries, made up of Austria, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark»

«The so-called “frugal four” believe the EU should only loan the money to the countries most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, rather than giving it away in grants»

«At the heart of the concerns of more fiscally cautious northern European countries is whether needier southern states such as Italy and Spain will spend the emergency pandemic cash appropriately»

«Italy, for example, has just promised to subsidize the purchase of new bicycles for all of its city dwellers — giving back 60% of the cost up to a total subsidy of 500 euros ($545)»

«That would buy you a pretty nice bike and might look overly generous even to those who believe the EU should be clamping down on carbon emissions»

«However, the revolt points to a fundamental problem at the heart of any EU-wide system of fiscal transfers: Who decides how the money should be spent?»

«France and Germany believe that the fund should “enhance the resilience, convergence and competitiveness of the European economies, and increase investments in particular in the digital and green transitions, and strengthen research and innovation.” Such lofty language is, unfortunately, open to interpretation»

«Laura Castelli, the country’s deputy finance minister and a leading lawmaker in the ruling Five Star Movement, said this week that she expects Italy will receive up to 100 billion euros from the fund. That’s a big share of the pot.»

«The irony is that Italy has been struggling for decades with its own problem of unconditional fiscal transfers»

«The country’s richer northern regions have deeply resented wasteful public spending in the poorer south»

«The Austrians and the Dutch would just have to trust the Commission and, to a larger extent, the governments receiving the recovery funds, over which they have no say.»

«Sweden and Denmark aren’t members of the euro, so they have more reason to reject this justification»

«Countries such as Italy, which are pushing for these transfers, should be careful what they wish for.»

* * * * * * *

Tutti sanno e conoscono i profondi legali culturali che vincolano molti personaggi del governo all’industria produttrice di biciclette, gestita da loro amici degli amici.

Ma gli stati nordici, Austria, Paesi Bassi, Svezia e Danimarca non riescono a vedere per quale motivo dovrebbero elargire a fondo perso dei loro denari che poi l’Italia utilizzerebbe per finanziare l’acquisto di biciclette di lusso.

Sicuramente sono solidali con l’Italia, sicuramente sì: ma solidali con l’industria delle biciclette sicuramente molto meno. Con gli amici degli amici vanno invece a nozze.

*

Italy Is Cycling Toward More Trouble.

The country’s generous bike subsidies raise the question of how it might spend the proceeds of any EU recovery fund. The “frugal four” are watching.

The Franco-German plan for a 500 billion-euro ($548 billion) “recovery fund” for the European Union has raised the hackles of a group of smaller countries, made up of Austria, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark. The so-called “frugal four” believe the EU should only loan the money to the countries most affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, rather than giving it away in grants as has been proposed by President Emmanuel Macron and Chancellor Angela Merkel.

At the heart of the concerns of more fiscally cautious northern European countries is whether needier southern states such as Italy and Spain will spend the emergency pandemic cash appropriately. Italy, for example, has just promised to subsidize the purchase of new bicycles for all of its city dwellers — giving back 60% of the cost up to a total subsidy of 500 euros ($545). That would buy you a pretty nice bike and might look overly generous even to those who believe the EU should be clamping down on carbon emissions.

The rearguard opposition to the Merkel-Macron plan from the Austrians, Dutch and others comes less than a week before the European Commission will make its own proposal for the fund. The frugal four might water down what could be the EU’s most significant move in years toward a much-needed “fiscal union.” However, the revolt points to a fundamental problem at the heart of any EU-wide system of fiscal transfers: Who decides how the money should be spent?

France and Germany believe that the fund should “enhance the resilience, convergence and competitiveness of the European economies, and increase investments in particular in the digital and green transitions, and strengthen research and innovation.” Such lofty language is, unfortunately, open to interpretation. Member states will disagree on what fits into these very broad categories and the Commission will have a hard time adjudicating between them. This conflict — alongside any perception of possible waste — will inevitably have an impact on the euro zone’s solidarity as we emerge from the Covid-19 crisis.

Italy is a useful example. Laura Castelli, the country’s deputy finance minister and a leading lawmaker in the ruling Five Star Movement, said this week that she expects Italy will receive up to 100 billion euros from the fund. That’s a big share of the pot. She said she’d like to use the money to support tourism and restaurants, which have been hit hard by the crisis. There’s no doubt that the hospitality industry will need assistance, but is this really how Germany and France would want the emergency money to be spent? It doesn’t exactly fit into even that very broad ambition for funding “digital and green” projects.

The irony is that Italy has been struggling for decades with its own problem of unconditional fiscal transfers. The country’s richer northern regions have deeply resented wasteful public spending in the poorer south. Meanwhile, the “Mezzogiorno” — as the southern regions are known — has failed to catch up economically with the likes of Lombardy in the north. At least northern Italians have had some say on the management of Italy’s public finances. The Austrians and the Dutch would just have to trust the Commission and, to a larger extent, the governments receiving the recovery funds, over which they have no say.

Amid the economic wreckage of the pandemic, the EU — and the euro zone in particular — is imposing fewer constraints on its funding of individual governments. The European Stability Mechanism, the euro zone’s rescue fund, is establishing a new credit line to support the health systems of member states without particular conditions. That’s a big change from the previous rescues of countries such as Greece and Portugal, which had to comply with long lists of measures including austerity and structural reform.

This move toward proper fiscal transfers is natural enough in a monetary union. It’s important that countries facing shocks — especially ones that aren’t self-inflicted — receive support from stronger neighbors, since they can’t use other tools to fight a recession such as an independent monetary policy. Sweden and Denmark aren’t members of the euro, so they have more reason to reject this justification. Austria and the Netherlands should be more motivated by the sound functioning of the single currency.

However, the euro zone cannot escape the question on the accountability of government spending. If the bloc is headed toward a fiscal union, it’s only natural that German and Dutch taxpayers will ask eventually for a bigger say over how their money is spent elsewhere. Countries such as Italy, which are pushing for these transfers, should be careful what they wish for.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Germania. Dieselgate. Volkswagen condannata a risarcire gli acquirenti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-25.

2020-05-25__VW 013

«Si tratta di un passaggio cruciale nello scandalo dieselgate: non solo perché è un verdetto paragonabile a quelli della nostra Cassazione, ma perché orienterà decine di migliaia di procedimenti giuridici a venire, dato che stabilisce il principio del rimborso per le macchine le cui emissioni dei gas di scarico erano state manipolate dai software installati sulle auto della casa automobilistica di Wolfsburg.»

«“Questa sentenza stabilisce la certezza del diritto per milioni di consumatori in Germania, e dimostra ancora una volta che anche un grande gruppo industriale non può stare al di sopra della legge”, afferma l’avvocato Claus Goldenstein, che oltre al denunciante di questo caso specifico – un pensionato della Renania Palatinato – rappresenta altri 21 mila acquirenti di veicoli a diesel della Volkswagen. E c’è pure il fatto che la decisione dei giudici di Karlsruhe quasi certamente farà da apripista alle cause nei confronti di altre case automobilistiche che abbiano montato sistemi ‘illegali’ di controllo delle emissioni sui propri veicoli.»

«La denuncia del signor Helbert Gilbert era stata presentata nel 2014: aveva comprato per circa 31.500 euro una Vw Sharan usata con un motore diesel EA 189, su cui appunto era stato applicato il software incriminato, il cui effetto di indicare emissioni inferiori al previsto, mentre il gas di scarico effettivo è ben maggiore. La corte di Coblenza gli aveva riconosciuto un risarcimento di 25.600 euro riconoscendo il “danneggiamento intenzionale”, sottraendo alla cifra complessiva l’ipotetico deprezzamento legato all’utilizzo della vettura. Ambedue le parti in causa avevano presentato ricorso.» [Fonte]

* * * * * * *

«Germany’s highest civil court has ruled that Volkswagen must pay compensation to a motorist who had bought one of its diesel minivans fitted with emissions-cheating software»

«The ruling sets a benchmark for about 60,000 other cases in Germany»

«The plaintiff, Herbert Gilbert, will be partially reimbursed for his vehicle, with depreciation taken into account»

«The company has already settled a separate €830m (£743m) class action suit involving 235,000 German car owners»

«Volkswagen has faced a flurry of legal action worldwide, including the UK»

«About 90,000 motorists in England and Wales have brought action against VW as well as Audi, Seat and Skoda, which are also owned by Volkswagen Group»

«Last month, their case cleared its first hurdle in the High Court, when a judge ruled that the software installed in the cars was indeed a “defeat device” under EU rules.»

«The car’s mileage will be taken into account when calculating reimbursement, the court said»

«To avoid a class-action lawsuit, Volkswagen Group recently agreed to pay damages to 235,000 car owners in Germany. The company is to pay out up to €830 million ($905 milllion) under the agreement. VW had previously settled for $25 billion in the US and other countries in 2016, and until recently had failed to settle with German car owners. »

* * * * * * *

La vicenda ha risolti truculenti e boccacceschi.

Prese da furor ecologico, Germania ed Unione Europea avevano legiferato limiti così ridotti per le emissioni dei motori diesel, che le case costruttrici avevano dovuto aggirarli manipolando il software utilizzato nei test. Scoperto questo inganno è nato il caso del Dieselgate.

A scandalo noto, le società costruttrici sono state caricate di multe e sono iniziate le cause di rimborso, che oggi in Germania hanno terminato il loro iter giudiziario con la sentenza della suprema corte civile.

La Volkswagen aveva già pagato penali di 25 miliardi Usd negli Stati Uniti e di poco meno di un miliardo in Germania.

Essendo i rimborsi personalizzati è difficile stabilire l’ammontare della cifra dovuta, che dovrebbe essere superiore al miliardo e mezzo di euro. E questo solo in Germania.

La Germania ha ammazzato con le sue stesse leggi quella che era una delle loro più redditizie attività industriali.

*


Volkswagen loses landmark German ‘dieselgate’ case.

Germany’s highest civil court has ruled that Volkswagen must pay compensation to a motorist who had bought one of its diesel minivans fitted with emissions-cheating software.

The ruling sets a benchmark for about 60,000 other cases in Germany.

The plaintiff, Herbert Gilbert, will be partially reimbursed for his vehicle, with depreciation taken into account.

VW said it will now offer affected motorists a one-off payment, and the amount will depend on individual cases.

The company has already settled a separate €830m (£743m) class action suit involving 235,000 German car owners.

It has paid out more than €30bn in fines, compensation and buyback schemes worldwide since the scandal first broke in 2015.

VW disclosed at the time that it had used illegal software to manipulate the results of diesel emissions tests.

The company said that about 11 million cars were fitted with the “defeat device”, which alerted diesel engines when they were being tested. The engine would then change its performance in order to improve the result of the test.

Volkswagen has faced a flurry of legal action worldwide, including the UK.

About 90,000 motorists in England and Wales have brought action against VW as well as Audi, Seat and Skoda, which are also owned by Volkswagen Group.

Last month, their case cleared its first hurdle in the High Court, when a judge ruled that the software installed in the cars was indeed a “defeat device” under EU rules.

The carmaker’s current and former senior employees are facing criminal charges in Germany.

*


Volkswagen scandal: Top German court rules automaker must pay ‘dieselgate’ compensation.

Germany’s top civil court has ruled against Volkswagen in the first case brought by a car owner against the automaker for emissions test cheating. The ruling sets a precedent for thousands more cases.

The Federal Court of Justice on Monday ruled against German automaker Volkswagen in the country’s first case brought by a car owner over the company’s emissions test cheating. 

The court said that people who had purchased an VW automobile equipped with software that manipulated emissions tests are entitled to financial compensation. They can return the vehicle and receive partial financial reimbursement from the automaker.

The car’s mileage will be taken into account when calculating reimbursement, the court said.

“The behavior of the defendants is to be deemed unethical,” said presiding judge Stephan Seiters in the Court’s judgement.

The ruling paves the way for thousands more  German Volkswagen owners whose vehicles were fitted with devices designed to manipulate emissions tests to claim compensation. 

Volkswagen promised “appropriate offers” to those affected. “[The company] now aims to soon bring these cases to a close in agreement with the plaintiffs,” VW said in a statement.

What is the Volkswagen scandal? 

In September 2015, Volkswagen admitted to the United States Environmental Protection Agency that it had installed software in 11 million vehicles worldwide that allowed it to cheat emissions tests. American scientists had uncovered software installed in VW vehicles that could detect emissions test scenarios and would change the vehicle’s performance accordingly to improve results.

The scandal, dubbed ”Dieselgate,” led to a crisis in confidence for the entire automobile industry after similar workarounds were later discovered at other companies. VW has been tied up in litigation ever since. 

What verdicts have already been issued?

To avoid a class-action lawsuit, Volkswagen Group recently agreed to pay damages to 235,000 car owners in Germany. The company is to pay out up to €830 million ($905 milllion) under the agreement. 

VW had previously settled for $25 billion in the US and other countries in 2016, and until recently had failed to settle with German car owners. 

Last fall the automaker agreed to pay out AU$127 million ($83 million, €76 million) as a settlement for multiple class-action lawsuits it faced from Australian customers. In January, a Canadian court ordered VW to pay fines of nearly CAN$2 million ($1.4 million, €1.3 million) on top of the CAN$2.4 billion it had already paid, a sum “26 times the highest fine ever for a Canadian environmental offence.”

Courts have also ordered other carmakers involved in the scandal to pay fines and to recall thousands of vehicles believed to be equipped with emissions-cheating software.

German prosecutors had also brought charges against top VW executives over the scandal. Volkswagen chief executive Herbert Diess and supervisory board chief Hans Dieter Poetsch in May agreed to an out-of-court settlement of €9 million. It is not clear if the offer to drop the market manipulation case will be extended to former VW CEO Martin Winterkorn, who ran the company from 2007 to 2015 and stepped down after the scandal came to light.

What happens next?

Some 60,000 individual cases against VW are currently pending across Germany, according to VW. Lower German courts follow decisions taken by the higher court, meaning the ruling greatly increases the chances of car owners winning their individual suits, which could result in a payout from the carmaker. 

Those who participated in the class-action suit settled earlier this year waived the right to further litigation on the matter, VW said. 

In July, the court will take up further cases linked to the scandal. These include suits against the car dealers who sold the Volkswagen as well as against other car makers.