Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica, Problemi militari, Stati Uniti

Cina e Formosa. Xi ed il trionfo della scuola mandarinica. L’occidente è stato sgominato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-11.

2022-08-10__ China Drills 001

«The exercise demonstrated that blockade in a conflict need not require a constant naval presence offshore»

«L’esercitazione ha dimostrato che il blocco in un conflitto non richiede necessariamente una presenza navale costante al largo»

Cina e Formosa. Report numerico che ne quantizza i rapporti

Gli occidentali non si sono mai peritati di studiare a fondo la storia e la cultura cinese né, tanto meno, la storia e la Weltanschauung della scuola mandarinica. Per non parlare poi di conoscere la lingua cinese. Sono convinti di essere una razza superiore, come quella che i russi fecero sfilare per le strade di Mosca. Sono convinti che tutto il mondo debba parlare inglese e condividere gioiosamente la loro ideologia.

La vittoria arride invece alla Cina ed a Mr Xi, potentemente aiutati dalla ottusa superbia occidentale.

* * * * * * *

Le esercitazioni militari cinesi dimostrano che Pechino non ha bisogno di invadere Taiwan per controllarla, ma può strangolare l’isola autogovernata, tagliandola fuori dal mondo esterno. Le esercitazioni dell’Esercito Popolare di Liberazione (PLA), iniziate ufficialmente giovedì scorso, si sono concentrate su sei zone che hanno essenzialmente circondato Taiwan, limitando l’accesso alle navi e agli aerei civili nell’area, mentre le forze armate hanno condotto esercitazioni a fuoco vivo e lanci di missili. Le sei aree sono state scelte per mostrare come la Cina potrebbe tagliare i porti di Taiwan, attaccare le sue installazioni militari più importanti e tagliare l’accesso alle forze straniere che potrebbero venire in aiuto di Taiwan.

Collegare le sei aree in una linea, come un cappio, con il nodo del cappio proprio in direzione sud-ovest. Il Partito Comunista Cinese considera la democratica Taiwan come un suo territorio, nonostante non l’abbia mai controllata. L’unione di Taiwan con la terraferma è una pietra miliare della politica cinese e il presidente Xi Jinping non ha escluso l’uso della forza per riportare l’isola sotto il controllo di Pechino.

Le aree di esercitazione settentrionali sono riuscite a isolare Taiwan da Okinawa, l’isola dove sia il Giappone che gli Stati Uniti basano ingenti risorse militari. Nelle aree meridionali, il PLA ha dimostrato di poter controllare il Canale di Bashi, unica via di accesso e di uscita dal Mar Cinese Meridionale, ha aggiunto. E nelle zone orientali, le forze cinesi hanno dimostrato che un accurato fuoco missilistico cinese può costringere le navi da guerra straniere ad allontanarsi dalle acque di Taiwan.

Nei giorni precedenti, il PLA ha anche sparato razzi verso piccole isole controllate da Taiwan vicino alla terraferma e ha lanciato missili balistici più lontano, alcuni dei quali hanno sorvolato Taiwan e sono caduti nell’oceano a est dell’isola. Cinque sono caduti nella zona economica esclusiva del Giappone, un messaggio a uno dei principali sostenitori di Taiwan e al governo di Taipei.

Le navi e gli aerei commerciali sono stati avvertiti di non avvicinarsi alle zone di esercitazione, costringendo i trasportatori e le compagnie aeree a organizzare rotte alternative. Il blocco di sei zone ha dimostrato che qualsiasi conquista di Taiwan potrebbe iniziare con una strategia di isolamento. L’esercitazione ha dimostrato che il blocco in un conflitto non richiede necessariamente una presenza navale costante al largo, ma piuttosto il traffico marittimo e aereo può essere scoraggiato da minacce aeree e missilistiche a sostegno di un blocco marittimo.

Le dimensioni, l’estensione geografica e la complessità dell’esercitazione riflettono mesi di pianificazione. Nulla permette di conoscere meglio le reali capacità di un esercito che vederle schierate.

* * * * * * *

«China’s military exercises show Beijing doesn’t need to invade Taiwan to control it — rather it can strangle the self-ruled island, cutting it off from the outside world. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) drills, which officially began last Thursday, focused on six zones that essentially encircled Taiwan, restricting access to civilian ships and aircraft in the area, as forces conducted live-fire drills and missile launches. The six areas were chosen to show how China could cut off Taiwan’s ports, attack its most important military installations, and sever access for foreign forces that may come to Taiwan’s aid.

«Connect the six areas in a line, like a noose, with the knot of the noose right in the southwest direction. China’s Communist Party views democratic Taiwan as its territory — despite never having controlled it. Uniting Taiwan with the mainland is a cornerstone of Chinese policy and President Xi Jinping has not ruled out the use of force to bring the island under Beijing’s control»

«The northern exercise areas had successfully sealed off Taiwan from Okinawa, the island where both Japan and the United States base substantial military assets. In the southern areas, the PLA showed it could control the Bashi Channel,  only way to enter and exit the South China Sea, he said. And in the eastern areas, China’s forces showed that accurate Chinese missile fire could force foreign warships to back away from Taiwan’s waters»

«On previous days, the PLA also fired rockets toward small, Taiwan-controlled islands near the mainland, and launched ballistic missiles farther afield, with some flying over Taiwan and falling in the ocean east of the island. Five splashed down in Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone — a message to one of Taiwan’s key supporters as well as the government in Taipei»

«Commercial ships and aircraft were warned to stay clear of the exercise zones, forcing shippers and airlines to arrange alternative routes. The blockade of six zones showed that any takeover of Taiwan could begin with an isolation strategy. The exercise demonstrated that blockade in a conflict need not require a constant naval presence offshore, but rather, shipping and air traffic can be deterred by air and missile threats in support of a maritime blockade»

«The size, geographic expanse and complexity of the exercise reflected months of planning. Nothing provides better insights into the actual capability of a military than seeing them deployed»

* * * * * * *


China drills show Beijing is developing the ability to strangle Taiwan, experts say

Seoul, South Korea (CNN). China’s military exercises show Beijing doesn’t need to invade Taiwan to control it — rather it can strangle the self-ruled island, cutting it off from the outside world, Chinese and American analysts say.

The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) drills, which officially began last Thursday, focused on six zones that essentially encircled Taiwan, restricting access to civilian ships and aircraft in the area, as forces conducted live-fire drills and missile launches.

Meng Xiangqing, a professor at the PLA National Defense University, said the six areas were chosen to show how China could cut off Taiwan’s ports, attack its most important military installations, and sever access for foreign forces that may come to Taiwan’s aid.

“Connect the six areas in a line, like a noose, with the knot of the noose right in the southwest direction,” Meng said in an interview with state-run broadcaster CCTV.

China’s Communist Party views democratic Taiwan as its territory — despite never having controlled it. Uniting Taiwan with the mainland is a cornerstone of Chinese policy and President Xi Jinping has not ruled out the use of force to bring the island under Beijing’s control.

Meng noted the northern exercise areas had successfully sealed off Taiwan from Okinawa, the island where both Japan and the United States base substantial military assets. In the southern areas, the PLA showed it could control the Bashi Channel, “the only way to enter and exit the South China Sea,” he said. And in the eastern areas, China’s forces showed that accurate Chinese missile fire could force foreign warships to back away from Taiwan’s waters, he added.

“This is an unprecedented encirclement of Taiwan Island,” Meng said.

And on Monday, China issued a notice to say drills were continuing.

                         A trigger for long-planned exercises

The exercises kicked off after US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi angered Beijing by visiting Taipei last week to show her support for democracy on the island.

Beijing flooded the seas and skies around Taiwan with ships and jets — as many as 80 Chinese warplanes and vessels were detected in the Taiwan Strait Sunday, according to Taiwan’s Defense Ministry.

On previous days, the PLA also fired rockets toward small, Taiwan-controlled islands near the mainland, and launched ballistic missiles farther afield, with some flying over Taiwan and falling in the ocean east of the island. Five splashed down in Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone — a message to one of Taiwan’s key supporters as well as the government in Taipei.

A map of the six Chinese exercise areas “clearly plots out where the Chinese think the key operating areas are for their strategic intimidation of Taiwan,” Mick Ryan, an adjunct fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and former Australian Army general, wrote on Twitter.

Commercial ships and aircraft were warned to stay clear of the exercise zones, forcing shippers and airlines to arrange alternative routes.

Carl Schuster, a former director of operations at the US Pacific Command’s Joint Intelligence Center in Hawaii said the blockade of six zones showed that any takeover of Taiwan could begin with an isolation strategy.

“The exercise demonstrated that blockade in a conflict need not require a constant naval presence offshore, but rather, shipping and air traffic can be deterred by air and missile threats in support of a maritime blockade,” Schuster said.

“The exercise … suggests Beijing would first isolate Taiwan and resort to air and missile strikes in hopes of breaking Taipei’s political will. A costly invasion probably is a last resort,” Schuster said.

                         What could come next

Schuster said much of what Beijing demonstrated had long been in the works. The drills coincided with standard military exercises on the PLA’s training calendar, but he said Pelosi’s visit allowed China to make a bigger statement.

“The size, geographic expanse and complexity of the exercise reflected months of planning,” he said. “This exercise marks the latest escalation in China’s expanding military exercise and Taiwan-intimidation campaign.”

He said he expects the PLA will continue to put pressure on Taiwan, and could also send a message to Japan with more drills to the north of the island.

New exercises are also likely in the South China Sea, the 1.3 million square miles of water, almost all of which China claims as its sovereign territory, where Beijing has built up military fortifications on contested islands, Schuster said.

While continuing exercises will allow the PLA to refine its tactics and operations, they also can provide an opportunity for adversaries to learn about the modern Chinese military, experts say.

“Nothing provides better insights into the actual capability of a military than seeing them deployed,” Ryan, the former Australian Army general, wrote on Twitter.

With last week’s drills, Xi had to demonstrate he would not waver on his commitment to bringing Taiwan under Beijing’s control, Schuster said. Pelosi’s visit to the island posed a direct threat to that by presenting an alternative vision of democracy.

“(Pelosi) leads the democratically elected branch that originates America’s government funding and economic policies. Her position and role makes her commitment to Taiwan’s security particularly significant,” Schuster said.

“Unable to bully her, Xi had to demonstrate China’s power — diplomatic, economic and military,” he said.

While the military exercises gave Xi strong visuals to support his resolve, China also hit Pelosi and the US government with a range of sanctions.

The measures include the cancellation of future phone calls and meetings between Chinese and US military leaders and the suspension of cooperation on matters including the repatriation of illegal immigrants, legal assistance on criminal matters and the combat of transnational crimes. Talks on climate change were also suspended.

Beijing also announced measures targeting Pelosi and members of her immediate family.

“The goal is intimidation via the application of all elements of Chinese power,” Schuster said.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica

Filippine. Ricordo ed eredità di Mr Rodrigo Duterte, ex-presidente.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-06.

Filippine 010

La posizione strategica delle Filippine è di per sé evidente. Ad est danno sull’Oceano Pacifico ed ad ovest sul Mare Cinese.

Filippine. Il Presidente Marcos fa le prime nomine governative. Segni di continuità.

Filippine. Marcos ha discusso con un inviato di Washington i problemi della difesa.

Filippine. Marcos intende entrare nella sfera di influenza cinese. Usa perde il Pacifico.

Filippine. Marcos intende entrare nella sfera di influenza cinese. Usa perde il Pacifico.

Filippine. Stop all’accordo militare con Washington.

Scacchiere indo-pacifico. Rifiuta di ospitare missili intermedi americani.

Cina. Acre requisitoria agli Stati Uniti che hanno causato il conflitto russo-ukraino.

* * *

Gli Stati Uniti hanno sempre trattato le Filippine come se fossero state loro proprietà personale. Peccato mortale l’aver cercato di imporre i canoni dell’ideologia liberal, del tutto aliena alla mentalità di quel popolo.

Ma il mondo è mutato e la Cina è entrata con passo sicuro nell’arena internazionale, ben attenta a rispettare la sovranità nazionale su base paritetica. E per di più con il portafoglio pieno.

Mr Rodrigo Duterte aprì a consolidati rapporti con la Cina, attirandosi immediatamente gli strali dei liberal americani, che gli affibbiarono impotenti nomignoli ignominiosi. Ultimo, il Donald Trump dell’Est. Massimo insulto per un liberal.

È cosa sequenziale che i liberal, che contano il 29% della popolazione drogata con droghe maggiori, avessero come obiettivo quello di piegare le Filippine introducendovi massicciamente la droga.

Mal gliene incolse.

Duterte dispose che la polizia potesse abbattere gli spacciatori, e questa fece una concreta bonifica.

Non esiste guerra senza caduti, e Duterte risolse in breve il problema, nell’ira furibonda dei liberal.

La sua eredità merita di essere ricordata.

* * * * * * *

Il Punitore, il Dirty Harry, il Donald Trump dell’Est.

Questi sono i soprannomi dati al presidente Rodrigo Duterte, un populista focoso che ha condotto una guerra mortale alla droga nelle Filippine.

Eppure Duterte rimane popolare presso un’ampia base, il che ha aiutato l’alleanza che include sua figlia a ottenere la più grande vittoria in quattro decenni nella corsa alla sua successione.

I dati elettorali mostrano che Marcos è in debito con i Duterte per l’ampio margine di vittoria.

Sara Duterte ha vinto la sua corsa con un margine ancora maggiore.

Ma i nuovi funzionari devono affrontare una montagna di sfide, tra cui l’inflazione crescente e il debito pubblico che è aumentato a causa della pandemia.

Rifletteva il pivot verso la Cina – e l’allontanamento dagli Stati Uniti – che Duterte ha iniziato subito dopo il suo insediamento.

I prestiti e le sovvenzioni cinesi alle Filippine hanno raggiunto i 621 milioni di dollari nel 2020, rispetto agli 1.6 milioni di dollari del 2016, mentre gli investimenti si sono riversati nelle telecomunicazioni e in altri settori.

L’anno successivo, Duterte ha dichiarato che avrebbe ignorato una sentenza di un tribunale internazionale che affermava le rivendicazioni territoriali del suo Paese nel Mar Cinese Meridionale per portare avanti un accordo di esplorazione petrolifera congiunta con la Cina.

La guerra della droga ha ucciso più di 6.000 persone, secondo i dati del governo.

Il suo indice di gradimento ha raggiunto un record nel 2020 e anche la risposta del suo governo alla crisi sanitaria è stata accolta positivamente.

Il suo critico più aspro, la senatrice Leila de Lima, è in carcere dal 2017 per accuse di droga.

* * * * * * *

«The Punisher. Dirty Harry. Donald Trump of the East»

«These were nicknames given to President Rodrigo Duterte, a fiery populist who waged a deadly war on drugs in the Philippines»

«Yet Duterte remains popular with a wide base — which helped the alliance that included his daughter pull off the biggest win in four decades in the race to succeed him»

«Election data show that Marcos owes the Dutertes for the large margin of victory»

«Sara Duterte won her race by an even bigger amount»

«But the new officials face a mountain of challenges, including surging inflation and government debt that ballooned due to the pandemic»

«It reflected the pivot to China — and away from the US — that Duterte began soon after taking office»

«Chinese loans and grants to the Philippines were at $621 million in 2020, up from $1.6 million in 2016, as investments poured into telecommunications and other areas»

«The following year, Duterte said he’d ignore an international court ruling affirming his country’s territorial claims in the South China Sea to advance a joint oil exploration deal with China»

«The drug war killed more than 6,000, according to government data»

«His approval rating reached a record-high in 2020, and his government’s response to the health crisis was also received positively»

«His harshest critic, Senator Leila de Lima, has been jailed since 2017 on drug charges»

* * * * * * *


How Duterte’s Time in Power Shook Up the Philippines

The Punisher. Dirty Harry. Donald Trump of the East. These were nicknames given to President Rodrigo Duterte, a fiery populist who waged a deadly war on drugs in the Philippines. Elected in 2016, he scrambled the country’s international loyalties, shook up big business and angered women’s groups and the Catholic Church. And that was before missteps in handling the Covid-19 pandemic led to one of the highest case rates in Southeast Asia and tens of thousands of deaths, tanking the economy as well. Yet Duterte remains popular with a wide base — which helped the alliance that included his daughter pull off the biggest win in four decades in the race to succeed him.

  1. Why is Duterte leaving?

Duterte, who is 77, was limited by the constitution to one term, which ended on June 30, 2022. After considering various scenarios, he eventually decided to retire from politics. He backed his daughter, Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte, who ran for the vice presidency (which is elected separately) allied with former Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., the late dictator’s son. Election data show that Marcos owes the Dutertes for the large margin of victory. Though Marcos beat runner-up Leni Robredo for the presidency by almost 31 percentage points in the May 9 election, Sara Duterte won her race by an even bigger amount. 

  1. What’s his economic record?

Rodrigo Duterte inherited a strong economy from his predecessor, Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III, and kept growth running above 6% in his first four years as president, with jobless and poverty rates staying low. The Philippines also got its highest credit rating as tax overhauls were implemented, following on Aquino’s efforts to pursue tax evaders. Spending on infrastructure also increased. The pandemic reversed those gains, however. Two major contributors — remittances and domestic consumption — were gutted as businesses shut and overseas workers returned home or were idled. Gross domestic product plunged 9.6% in 2020, the largest drop since 1946, and unemployment climbed, especially in the Manila metro area, home to a third of the country’s economic activity. GDP growth returned in 2021 as virus restrictions eased, with a forecast for 2022 of 7% to 8% — among the fastest in Asia. But the new officials face a mountain of challenges, including surging inflation and government debt that ballooned due to the pandemic.

  1. How did Duterte handle the pandemic? 

Duterte used wide-scale lockdowns to stem the outbreak, tapping the police and military to enforce curbs on movement. Infections dropped early in 2021 but soared again with the spread of the more infectious delta variant, filling hospitals amid struggles with testing and tracing in a fragmented health system. The Philippines, which relied mostly on Chinese shots to start its vaccine drive, has lagged well behind most of its Southeast Asian neighbors in the percentage of the population inoculated. Case numbers were relatively low by mid-2022, after an omicron-driven wave early in the year. 

  1. Why Chinese vaccines?

It reflected the pivot to China — and away from the US — that Duterte began soon after taking office. Chinese loans and grants to the Philippines were at $621 million in 2020, up from $1.6 million in 2016, as investments poured into telecommunications and other areas. Trading ties were also strengthened, and Chinese visitors boosted Philippine tourism pre-pandemic. Online casinos employing and targeting mostly mainland Chinese boomed then too. In 2018, Xi Jinping became the first Chinese president to visit in over a decade. The following year, Duterte said he’d ignore an international court ruling affirming his country’s territorial claims in the South China Sea to advance a joint oil exploration deal with China. As his term wound down, however, promises of big-ticket projects and billions of dollars in investments from China were largely unfulfilled. Tensions over the South China Sea have flared again and oil exploration plans have stalled.

  1. How are things with the US?

Getting better after a rough patch. The two countries have been treaty allies since 1951, five years after the US granted the Philippines independence. Duterte, however, chafed at the relationship, questioning the US commitment and lashing out at what he perceived as US hypocrisy and meddling, often over his drug war. Early on he ended joint sea patrols and threatened to expel American soldiers. He even cursed then-President Barack Obama. Duterte dialed down his verbal attacks after President Donald Trump took office in 2017, and as naval tensions with China escalated. In July Duterte retracted his termination of a Visiting Forces Agreement with the US, allowing the two countries to continue military exercises — a major victory for Trump’s successor, President Joe Biden. (Duterte said later it was “just give and take” in exchange for donated US coronavirus vaccines.) The US will also resume projects in Philippine military bases as part of another defense pact.

  1. Is there still a war on drugs?

Duterte’s drug fight, which he had promised to complete in six months, went on despite the pandemic. It escalated “dramatically” during the lockdown in 2020, according to a Human Rights Watch report. The campaign targeted impoverished Filipinos mostly in urban areas, with the police and unidentified gunmen associated with the force committing thousands of extra-judicial killings, according to the report.

The drug war killed more than 6,000, according to government data, but human rights groups estimate the death toll is much higher. Judges at the International Criminal Court in The Hague in September 2021 authorized an investigation into possible crimes against humanity committed during the war on drugs, despite Duterte’s earlier withdrawal from the tribunal in protest. Duterte, in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, criticized outside interference and said anyone who “acted beyond bounds” during the war on drugs would be held “accountable” by the Philippine justice system. The ICC suspended its investigation to assess the Philippines’ request to defer to its own probe. In June the ICC prosecutor asked for permission to resume his investigation, calling the deferral unwarranted. 

  1. How will he be remembered? 

His approval rating reached a record-high in 2020, and his government’s response to the health crisis was also received positively. But his popularity began to wane in 2021 as the pandemic dragged on. His harshest critic, Senator Leila de Lima, has been jailed since 2017 on drug charges that she calls politically motivated. He has also attacked the media, including prominent journalist Maria Ressa, who’s facing several court cases and was a co-winner of the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize for her “courageous fight for freedom of expression.” Her news website Rappler Inc. was facing the possibility of a shutdown in the waning days of Duterte’s administration, after the Securities and Exchange Commission stood by its decision to revoke the site’s license to operate.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Cambogia. La Cina costruirà un nuovo porto idoneo ad attracchi militari. Usa furiosi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-18.

Cambogia 005

Il nuovo porto, vicino a importanti rotte di navigazione e al conteso Mar Cinese Meridionale, sarà reso più profondo per consentire l’attracco di navi militari più grandi e comprenderà un impianto di manutenzione, uno bacino di carenaggio e un molo.

Gli Stati Uniti hanno sollevato “serie preoccupazioni” per il coinvolgimento della Cina nella base, affermando che questo mina la sicurezza regionale.

I legami tra Cambogia e Stati Uniti si sono logorati per anni a causa delle accuse degli Stati Uniti al Primo Ministro Hun Sen e al suo partito al potere di aver soffocato la democrazia attraverso la persecuzione dell’opposizione.

È il solito refrain dei liberal socialisti americani i quali si arrogano il diritto di giudicare se gli altri stati siano o meno democratici, intendendo per ‘democratici’ l’aver aderito alla loro ideologia. In caso contrario, rifiutano a priori ogni possibile rapporto politico ed economico. Va da sé che questi stati cerchino rapporti politici, economici e militari con quanti non si ingeriscano nelle situazioni interne, nel pieno rispetto reciproco.

La Cina  è interessata a rapporti economici e politici inter pares, escludendo a priori ogni qualsiasi ingerenza negli affari interni dei paesi.

Bene.

Adesso Joe Biden lanci pure tutti gli strali che vuole, tanto la Cambogia la ha persa, e con essa la sua posizione geopolitica e militare.

* * * * * * *

In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«A Chinese official said on Wednesday an “iron-clad partnership” with Cambodia was bolstered by military cooperation, as work began on a China-funded upgrade of Cambodia’s biggest naval base that has raised U.S. concern about China’s growing influence»

«Cambodian Minister of Defence Tea Banh dismissed fears that Cambodia would let China build a military base on its soil, saying any country could use the facilities at the Ream naval base, while Cambodia was open to accepting military assistance from anyone»

«As a strong pillar of the iron-clad partnership, China Cambodia military cooperation is in the fundamental interests of our two nations and two peoples»

«The United States has raised “serious concerns” about China’s involvement with the base saying it undermines regional security»

«Cambodia-U.S. ties have been frayed for years over U.S. accusations that long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen and his ruling party have stifled democracy through the persecution of the opposition»

«The new port, near important shipping lanes and the contested South China Sea, will be deepened to allow larger military ships to dock, and will include a maintenance facility, drydock slipway and pier»

«The Kingdom of Cambodia will not allow a foreign military base on its own territory»

* * * * * * *


China hails “iron-clad” Cambodia ties as work begins on naval base

Phnom Penh, June 8 (Reuters) – A Chinese official said on Wednesday an “iron-clad partnership” with Cambodia was bolstered by military cooperation, as work began on a China-funded upgrade of Cambodia’s biggest naval base that has raised U.S. concern about China’s growing influence.

Cambodian Minister of Defence Tea Banh dismissed fears that Cambodia would let China build a military base on its soil, saying any country could use the facilities at the Ream naval base, while Cambodia was open to accepting military assistance from anyone.

“As a strong pillar of the iron-clad partnership, China Cambodia military cooperation is in the fundamental interests of our two nations and two peoples,” China’s ambassador to Cambodia, Wang Wentian, said in a speech at a ground-breaking ceremony at the base on the Gulf of Thailand.

The United States has raised “serious concerns” about China’s involvement with the base saying it undermines regional security.

Last year, the United States accused Cambodia of not being transparent about China’s role in upgrading the facility.  

Cambodia-U.S. ties have been frayed for years over U.S. accusations that long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen and his ruling party have stifled democracy through the persecution of the opposition.

Hun Sen, dismissing such concerns, has moved close to China, which is by far the biggest investor in Cambodia.

The new port, near important shipping lanes and the contested South China Sea, will be deepened to allow larger military ships to dock, and will include a maintenance facility, drydock slipway and pier.  

Underlining Cambodia’s warm ties with China, Tea Banh this week posted pictures on social media of him taking a dip in the sea with Wang near the base.

But Tea Banh was also keen to allay fears in the United States and the region that Cambodia might open the door to China’s military.

“The Kingdom of Cambodia will not allow a foreign military base on its own territory,” he said in a speech on Wednesday.

* * * * * * *


La Cina saluta i legami con la Cambogia con l’inizio dei lavori per la base navale

Phnom Penh, 8 giugno (Reuters) – Un funzionario cinese ha dichiarato mercoledì che la cooperazione militare ha rafforzato la “partnership di ferro” con la Cambogia, in concomitanza con l’inizio dei lavori di ammodernamento della più grande base navale cambogiana, finanziata dalla Cina, che ha suscitato la preoccupazione degli Stati Uniti per la crescente influenza della Cina.

Il Ministro della Difesa cambogiano Tea Banh ha respinto i timori che la Cambogia permetta alla Cina di costruire una base militare sul suo territorio, affermando che qualsiasi Paese potrebbe utilizzare le strutture della base navale di Ream, mentre la Cambogia è aperta ad accettare assistenza militare da chiunque.

“Come forte pilastro del partenariato di ferro, la cooperazione militare Cina-Cambogia è nell’interesse fondamentale delle nostre due nazioni e dei nostri due popoli”, ha dichiarato l’ambasciatore cinese in Cambogia, Wang Wentian, in un discorso tenuto in occasione della cerimonia di posa della prima pietra della base sul Golfo di Thailandia.

Gli Stati Uniti hanno sollevato “serie preoccupazioni” per il coinvolgimento della Cina nella base, affermando che questo mina la sicurezza regionale.

L’anno scorso, gli Stati Uniti hanno accusato la Cambogia di non essere trasparente sul ruolo della Cina nel potenziamento della struttura. 

I legami tra Cambogia e Stati Uniti si sono logorati per anni a causa delle accuse degli Stati Uniti al Primo Ministro Hun Sen e al suo partito al potere di aver soffocato la democrazia attraverso la persecuzione dell’opposizione.

Hun Sen, respingendo tali preoccupazioni, si è avvicinato alla Cina, che è di gran lunga il maggior investitore in Cambogia.

Il nuovo porto, vicino a importanti rotte di navigazione e al conteso Mar Cinese Meridionale, sarà reso più profondo per consentire l’attracco di navi militari più grandi e comprenderà un impianto di manutenzione, uno scalo di carenaggio e un molo. 

A sottolineare i caldi legami della Cambogia con la Cina, questa settimana Tea Banh ha postato sui social media delle foto che lo ritraggono mentre fa un tuffo in mare con Wang vicino alla base.

Ma Tea Banh ha anche voluto fugare i timori degli Stati Uniti e della regione che la Cambogia possa aprire le porte all’esercito cinese.

“Il Regno di Cambogia non permetterà la presenza di una base militare straniera sul proprio territorio”, ha dichiarato in un discorso tenuto mercoledì.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica

Cina. Raduna in riunione le Isole del Pacifico ma il consenso totale sarebbe prematuro.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-03.

Isole Solomone 001

«Il ministro degli Esteri cinese Wang Yi lunedì ha esortato la regione del Pacifico a non essere “troppo ansiosa” riguardo agli obiettivi del suo Paese, dopo che un incontro alle Fiji con le sue controparti di 10 nazioni insulari non è riuscito a concordare un ampio comunicato sul commercio e la sicurezza»

«Wang ha ospitato l’incontro con i ministri degli Esteri delle nazioni insulari del Pacifico che hanno legami diplomatici con la Cina, a metà di un tour diplomatico nella regione, dove le ambizioni di Pechino di avere legami più ampi in materia di sicurezza hanno causato preoccupazione tra gli alleati degli Stati Uniti»

«Una bozza di comunicato e un piano d’azione quinquennale inviati dalla Cina alle nazioni invitate prima dell’incontro mostravano che la Cina stava cercando di ottenere un ampio accordo commerciale e di sicurezza regionale»

«Ma la bozza di comunicato, riportata per la prima volta da Reuters, ha suscitato l’opposizione di almeno una delle nazioni invitate, gli Stati Federati di Micronesia, secondo una lettera trapelata la scorsa settimana»

«Dopo l’incontro, che ha visto la partecipazione di Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua Nuova Guinea, Vanuatu, Isole Salomone, Niue e Vanuatu, Wang ha detto che le nazioni hanno concordato cinque aree di cooperazione, ma che sono necessarie ulteriori discussioni per dare forma a un maggiore consenso»

«Le cinque aree elencate comprendono la ripresa economica dopo la pandemia di COVID e nuovi centri per l’agricoltura e le catastrofi, ma non includono la sicurezza»

«Wang ha detto che alcuni hanno messo in dubbio le motivazioni che spingono la Cina ad essere così attiva nelle isole del Pacifico»

«Non siate troppo ansiosi e non siate troppo nervosi, perché lo sviluppo comune e la prosperità della Cina e di tutti gli altri Paesi in via di sviluppo significherebbe solo una grande armonia, una maggiore giustizia e un maggiore progresso del mondo intero»

«C’è stato un sostegno generale da parte dei 10 Paesi con cui abbiamo relazioni diplomatiche, ma naturalmente ci sono alcune preoccupazioni su alcune questioni specifiche»

«In un discorso scritto alla riunione, il presidente cinese Xi Jinping ha affermato che la Cina sarà sempre un buon amico dei Paesi insulari del Pacifico, indipendentemente dai cambiamenti della situazione internazionale»

«Gli Stati Uniti, l’Australia, il Giappone e la Nuova Zelanda hanno espresso preoccupazione per un patto di sicurezza firmato dalle Isole Salomone con la Cina il mese scorso, affermando che ha conseguenze regionali e potrebbe portare a una presenza militare cinese vicino all’Australia»

«Martedì Wang si recherà nel regno di Tonga, nel Pacifico meridionale, per una visita di due giorni»

* * * * * * *

In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Monday urged the Pacific region not to be “too anxious” about his country’s aims after a meeting in Fiji with his counterparts from 10 island nations was unable to agree to a sweeping trade and security communique»

«Wang hosted the meeting with foreign ministers from Pacific island nations with diplomatic ties with China midway through a diplomatic tour of the region where Beijing’s ambitions for wider security ties has caused concern among U.S. allies»

«A draft communique and five-year action plan sent by China to the invited nations ahead of the meeting showed China was seeking a sweeping regional trade and security agreement»

«But the draft communique, first reported by Reuters, prompted opposition from at least one of the invited nations, Federated States of Micronesia, according to a letter leaked last week»

«After the meeting, which included Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Niue and Vanuatu, Wang said the nations had agreed on five areas of cooperation, but further discussions were needed to shape more consensus»

«The five areas he listed included economic recovery after the COVID pandemic, and new centres for agriculture and disaster, but did not include security»

«Wang said some had questioned China’s motives in being so active in the Pacific islands»

«Don’t be too anxious and don’t be too nervous, because the common development and prosperity of China and all the other developing countries would only mean great harmony, greater justice and greater progress of the whole world»

«There has been general support from the 10 countries with which we have diplomatic relations, but of course there are some concerns on some specific issues»

«In a written address to the meeting, China’s President Xi Jinping said China will always be a good friend of Pacific Island countries no matter how the international situation changes»

«The United States, Australia, Japan and New Zealand have expressed concern about a security pact signed by Solomon Islands with China last month, saying it had regional consequences and could lead to a Chinese military presence close to Australia»

«Wang will travel to the South Pacific kingdom of Tonga for a two-day visit on Tuesday»

* * * * * * *


China, Pacific islands unable to reach consensus on security pact

May 30 (Reuters) – China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Monday urged the Pacific region not to be “too anxious” about his country’s aims after a meeting in Fiji with his counterparts from 10 island nations was unable to agree to a sweeping trade and security communique.

Wang hosted the meeting with foreign ministers from Pacific island nations with diplomatic ties with China midway through a diplomatic tour of the region where Beijing’s ambitions for wider security ties has caused concern among U.S. allies.

A draft communique and five-year action plan sent by China to the invited nations ahead of the meeting showed China was seeking a sweeping regional trade and security agreement.

But the draft communique, first reported by Reuters, prompted opposition from at least one of the invited nations, Federated States of Micronesia, according to a letter leaked last week.

After the meeting, which included Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Niue and Vanuatu, Wang said the nations had agreed on five areas of cooperation, but further discussions were needed to shape more consensus.

The five areas he listed included economic recovery after the COVID pandemic, and new centres for agriculture and disaster, but did not include security.

“China will release its own position paper on our own positions and propositions and cooperation proposals with Pacific island countries, and going forward we will continue to have ongoing and in-depth discussions and consultations to shape more consensus on cooperation,” he told reporters in Fiji. Questions at the media briefing were not allowed.

Wang said some had questioned China’s motives in being so active in the Pacific islands, and his response was China supported developing countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean also.

“Don’t be too anxious and don’t be too nervous, because the common development and prosperity of China and all the other developing countries would only mean great harmony, greater justice and greater progress of the whole world,” he said.

Taking questions after Wang’s briefing, China’s Ambassador to Fiji, Qian Bo, said participants had agreed to discuss the draft communique and the five-year plan “until we have reached an agreement.”

“There has been general support from the 10 countries with which we have diplomatic relations, but of course there are some concerns on some specific issues.”

Fiji’s Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama told reporters the Pacific nations were prioritising consensus.

“Geopolitical point-scoring means less than little to anyone whose community is slipping beneath the rising seas, whose job is being lost to the pandemic, or whose family is impacted by the rapid rise in the price of commodities,” said Bainimarama.

In a written address to the meeting, China’s President Xi Jinping said China will always be a good friend of Pacific Island countries no matter how the international situation changes, China’s state-owned CCTV reported.  

                         PACIFIC TOUR

Several invited nations want to defer action on the draft communique or have it amended, an official from one Pacific country earlier told Reuters.

The United States, Australia, Japan and New Zealand have expressed concern about a security pact signed by Solomon Islands with China last month, saying it had regional consequences and could lead to a Chinese military presence close to Australia.

The new Australian government has made the Pacific islands an early foreign policy priority to counter Beijing’s push, despatching the foreign minister to Fiji with the message Australia would put new priority on the region’s biggest security challenge of climate change and announcing a new visa programme to allow Pacific island citizens to migrate.  

In Honiara last week, Wang condemned interference in the deal and said the Solomon Islands’ relationship with China was a model for other Pacific island nations.  

With borders closed across the region because of the COVID pandemic, most foreign ministers are attending the Fiji meeting by video link. In several Pacific countries, the foreign minister is also prime minister.

Wang will travel to the South Pacific kingdom of Tonga for a two-day visit on Tuesday.

* * * * * * *


Cina e isole del Pacifico non riescono a raggiungere un consenso sul patto di sicurezza

30 maggio (Reuters) – Il ministro degli Esteri cinese Wang Yi ha esortato lunedì la regione del Pacifico a non essere “troppo ansiosa” riguardo agli obiettivi del suo Paese, dopo che un incontro alle Fiji con le sue controparti di 10 nazioni insulari non è riuscito a raggiungere un accordo su un ampio comunicato commerciale e di sicurezza.

Wang ha ospitato l’incontro con i ministri degli Esteri delle nazioni insulari del Pacifico che hanno legami diplomatici con la Cina, a metà di un tour diplomatico nella regione, dove le ambizioni di Pechino di avere legami di sicurezza più ampi hanno suscitato preoccupazione tra gli alleati degli Stati Uniti.

Una bozza di comunicato e un piano d’azione quinquennale inviati dalla Cina alle nazioni invitate prima dell’incontro mostravano che la Cina stava cercando di ottenere un ampio accordo commerciale e di sicurezza regionale.

Ma la bozza di comunicato, riportata per la prima volta da Reuters, ha suscitato l’opposizione di almeno una delle nazioni invitate, gli Stati Federati di Micronesia, secondo una lettera trapelata la scorsa settimana.

Dopo l’incontro, che ha visto la partecipazione di Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua Nuova Guinea, Vanuatu, Isole Salomone, Niue e Vanuatu, Wang ha dichiarato che le nazioni hanno concordato cinque aree di cooperazione, ma che sono necessarie ulteriori discussioni per creare un maggiore consenso.

Le cinque aree elencate comprendono la ripresa economica dopo la pandemia COVID e nuovi centri per l’agricoltura e le catastrofi, ma non includono la sicurezza.

“La Cina pubblicherà un proprio documento di posizione sulle nostre posizioni e proposte e sulle proposte di cooperazione con i Paesi insulari del Pacifico e continueremo ad avere discussioni e consultazioni continue e approfondite per creare un maggiore consenso sulla cooperazione”, ha dichiarato ai giornalisti presenti alle Figi. Non sono state ammesse domande durante il briefing con i media.

Wang ha detto che alcuni hanno messo in dubbio le motivazioni che hanno spinto la Cina ad essere così attiva nelle isole del Pacifico, e la sua risposta è stata che la Cina sostiene i Paesi in via di sviluppo anche in Africa, Asia e Caraibi.

“Non siate troppo ansiosi e non siate troppo nervosi, perché lo sviluppo comune e la prosperità della Cina e di tutti gli altri Paesi in via di sviluppo significherebbe solo una grande armonia, una maggiore giustizia e un maggiore progresso del mondo intero”, ha detto.

Rispondendo alle domande dopo il briefing di Wang, l’ambasciatore cinese alle Figi, Qian Bo, ha detto che i partecipanti hanno concordato di discutere la bozza di comunicato e il piano quinquennale “finché non avremo raggiunto un accordo”.

“C’è stato un sostegno generale da parte dei 10 Paesi con cui abbiamo relazioni diplomatiche, ma ovviamente ci sono alcune preoccupazioni su alcune questioni specifiche”.

Il primo ministro delle Figi Frank Bainimarama ha dichiarato ai giornalisti che le nazioni del Pacifico stanno dando priorità al consenso.

“Le classifiche geopolitiche significano poco per chi ha una comunità che sta scivolando sotto l’innalzamento dei mari, un lavoro perso a causa della pandemia o una famiglia colpita dal rapido aumento del prezzo delle materie prime”, ha dichiarato Bainimarama.

In un discorso scritto alla riunione, il presidente cinese Xi Jinping ha affermato che la Cina sarà sempre un buon amico dei Paesi insulari del Pacifico, a prescindere dai cambiamenti della situazione internazionale, come ha riferito l’emittente statale cinese CCTV. 

                         TOUR DEL PACIFICO

Diverse nazioni invitate vogliono rimandare l’azione sulla bozza di comunicato o modificarla, ha dichiarato in precedenza a Reuters un funzionario di un Paese del Pacifico.

Gli Stati Uniti, l’Australia, il Giappone e la Nuova Zelanda hanno espresso preoccupazione per un patto di sicurezza firmato dalle Isole Salomone con la Cina il mese scorso, affermando che ha conseguenze regionali e potrebbe portare a una presenza militare cinese vicino all’Australia.

Il nuovo governo australiano ha fatto delle isole del Pacifico una delle prime priorità di politica estera per contrastare le spinte di Pechino, inviando il ministro degli Esteri alle Figi con il messaggio che l’Australia avrebbe dato nuova priorità alla più grande sfida di sicurezza della regione, il cambiamento climatico, e annunciando un nuovo programma di visti per consentire ai cittadini delle isole del Pacifico di migrare. 

La scorsa settimana, a Honiara, Wang ha condannato le interferenze nell’accordo e ha affermato che le relazioni delle Isole Salomone con la Cina sono un modello per le altre nazioni insulari del Pacifico. 

Con le frontiere chiuse in tutta la regione a causa della pandemia COVID, la maggior parte dei ministri degli Esteri partecipa alla riunione delle Fiji in collegamento video. In molti Paesi del Pacifico, il ministro degli Esteri è anche primo ministro.

Martedì Wang si recherà nel regno di Tonga, nel Pacifico meridionale, per una visita di due giorni.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica

Samoa. Dopo gli accordi con le Isole Solomon Pechino ratifica un accordo con Samoa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-02.

 Samoa 001

«Il ministro degli Esteri cinese ha firmato sabato un accordo con Samoa per rafforzare le relazioni diplomatiche, mentre il nuovo leader australiano ha dichiarato …»

«La Cina sta sviluppando un patto di sicurezza recentemente firmato con le Isole Salomone, che ha messo in allarme gli Stati Uniti e i loro alleati»

«Wang Yi, in tour nel Pacifico alla ricerca di un accordo tra 10 nazioni su sicurezza e commercio, ha concluso una visita a Samoa, dove ha incontrato il primo ministro Fiame Naomi Mataafa e ha firmato documenti tra cui un “accordo di cooperazione economica e tecnica”»

«Samoa e la Repubblica Popolare Cinese continueranno a perseguire una maggiore collaborazione per il raggiungimento di interessi e impegni comuni»

«L’australiano Wong ha dichiarato che Canberra sarà un partner senza vincoli, mentre il cinese Wang ha espresso la speranza che i legami di Pechino con le Isole Salomone possano essere un modello regionale»

«Wang era diretto alle Figi, dove si prevede che spingerà per l’accordo regionale in un incontro che ospiterà lunedì»

* * * * * * *

La Cina fa e l’Australia promette.

La diplomazia cinese è silenziosa e ben poco appariscente.

Ma ciò non significa che resti inoperosa.

Non dice mai ‘farò’, bensì ‘ho fatto’.

Così, dopo l’accordo con le Isole Solomon adesso verga quello con Samoa.

Esaminate con cura la carta geografica.

La Cina sta conquistandosi le isole che formano la corolla sull’Oceano Pacifico, con buona pace di Joe Biden e degli australiani.

* * * * * * *

In calce riportiamo la traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«China’s foreign minister signed a deal with Samoa on Saturday to strengthen diplomatic relations, while Australia’s new leader said he had a “comprehensive plan” for the Pacific»

«China is building on a security pact it recently signed with Solomon Islands, which has alarmed the United States and its allies»

«China’s Wang Yi, on a tour of the Pacific seeking a 10-nation deal on security and trade, finished a visit to Samoa, where he met Prime Minister Fiame Naomi Mataafa and signed documents including an “economic and technical cooperation agreement”»

«Samoa and the People’s Republic of China will continue to pursue greater collaboration that will deliver on joint interests and commitments»

«Australia’s Wong has said that Canberra will be a partner that does not come with strings attached, while China’s Wang expressed hope that Beijing’s ties with the Solomon Islands could be a regional model»

«Wang was headed to Fiji, where he is expected to push for the regional deal in a meeting he is to host on Monday»

* * * * * * *


China signs deal with Samoa as Australia vows Pacific Islands plan

Sydney, May 28 (Reuters) – China’s foreign minister signed a deal with Samoa on Saturday to strengthen diplomatic relations, while Australia’s new leader said he had a “comprehensive plan” for the Pacific, as Beijing and Canberra continued rival campaigns to woo the region.

China is building on a security pact it recently signed with Solomon Islands, which has alarmed the United States and its allies such as Australia as they fear a stepped-up military presence by Beijing. Australia’s new centre-left government has made the Pacific Islands an early diplomatic priority.  

Prime Minister Anthony Albanese, sworn in on Monday, said on Saturday his Labor government’s plan includes a defence training school, support for maritime security, a boost in aid and re-engaging the region on climate change.

“We will be proactive in the region, we want to engage,” he told reporters.

China’s Wang Yi, on a tour of the Pacific seeking a 10-nation deal on security and trade, finished a visit to Samoa, where he met Prime Minister Fiame Naomi Mataafa and signed documents including an “economic and technical cooperation agreement”, Samoa said in a statement.

“Samoa and the People’s Republic of China will continue to pursue greater collaboration that will deliver on joint interests and commitments,” it said.

Also Saturday, Fiji’s Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama said he had a “wonderful meeting” with Australia’s Penny Wong, who had visited days after taking office to show the new government’s attention to the Pacific Islands.

“Fiji is not anyone’s backyard – we are a part of a Pacific family,” Bainimarama wrote on Twitter, posting a picture of himself and Penny Wong shaking hands.

Bainimarama appeared to be taking a veiled swipe at Scott Morrison, the conservative prime minister ousted in an election last weekend, who once referred to the Pacific as Australia’s “backyard”.

Climate change, which Pacific Island nations consider an existential threat, had been a key issue in the election.

Australia’s Wong has said that Canberra will be a partner that does not come with strings attached, while China’s Wang expressed hope that Beijing’s ties with the Solomon Islands could be a regional model.  

Wang was headed to Fiji, where he is expected to push for the regional deal in a meeting he is to host on Monday.

* * * * * * *


La Cina firma un accordo con Samoa e l’Australia promette un piano per le isole del Pacifico

Sydney, 28 maggio (Reuters) – Il ministro degli Esteri cinese ha firmato sabato un accordo con Samoa per rafforzare le relazioni diplomatiche, mentre il nuovo leader australiano ha dichiarato di avere un “piano globale” per il Pacifico, mentre Pechino e Canberra continuano le campagne rivali per corteggiare la regione.

La Cina si sta basando su un patto di sicurezza recentemente firmato con le Isole Salomone, che ha allarmato gli Stati Uniti e i loro alleati, come l’Australia, che temono un rafforzamento della presenza militare di Pechino. Il nuovo governo australiano di centro-sinistra ha fatto delle isole del Pacifico una delle prime priorità diplomatiche. leggi tutto

Il primo ministro Anthony Albanese, che ha prestato giuramento lunedì, ha dichiarato sabato che il piano del suo governo laburista comprende una scuola di addestramento alla difesa, il sostegno alla sicurezza marittima, un aumento degli aiuti e il rilancio della regione sul cambiamento climatico.

“Saremo proattivi nella regione, vogliamo impegnarci”, ha dichiarato ai giornalisti.

Wang Yi, in tour nel Pacifico alla ricerca di un accordo tra 10 nazioni su sicurezza e commercio, ha concluso una visita a Samoa, dove ha incontrato il primo ministro Fiame Naomi Mataafa e ha firmato documenti tra cui un “accordo di cooperazione economica e tecnica”, ha dichiarato Samoa in un comunicato.

“Samoa e la Repubblica Popolare Cinese continueranno a perseguire una maggiore collaborazione per realizzare gli interessi e gli impegni comuni”, ha dichiarato.

Sempre sabato, il primo ministro delle Figi Frank Bainimarama ha dichiarato di aver avuto un “meraviglioso incontro” con l’australiana Penny Wong, che ha visitato pochi giorni dopo il suo insediamento per dimostrare l’attenzione del nuovo governo verso le isole del Pacifico.

“Le Figi non sono il cortile di casa di nessuno – siamo parte di una famiglia del Pacifico”, ha scritto Bainimarama su Twitter, pubblicando una foto di lui e Penny Wong che si stringono la mano.

Bainimarama è sembrato prendere velatamente di mira Scott Morrison, il primo ministro conservatore estromesso dalle elezioni dello scorso fine settimana, che una volta ha definito il Pacifico come il “cortile di casa” dell’Australia.

Il cambiamento climatico, che le nazioni insulari del Pacifico considerano una minaccia esistenziale, è stato un tema chiave delle elezioni.

L’australiano Wong ha dichiarato che Canberra sarà un partner senza vincoli, mentre il cinese Wang ha espresso la speranza che i legami di Pechino con le Isole Salomone possano essere un modello regionale. 

Wang era diretto alle Figi, dove si prevede che spingerà per l’accordo regionale in un incontro che ospiterà lunedì.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica

Scacchiere del Pacifico. Cina ed Australia si confrontano per aumentare la loro influenza politica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-05-31.

Isole Solomone 001

«La Cina e l’Australia hanno avviato giovedì visite concorrenti nel Pacifico, con il ministro degli Esteri cinese che ha espresso la speranza che i legami con le Isole Salomone possano essere un modello regionale, mentre la sua controparte ha detto che Canberra sarà un partner non vincolato da vincoli»

«Il ministro degli Esteri australiano Penny Wong ha dichiarato al segretariato del Forum delle isole del Pacifico (PIF) alle Figi che Canberra ascolterà le isole del Pacifico che hanno “guidato il dibattito globale” sul cambiamento climatico»

«Ha parlato mentre il ministro degli Esteri cinese è arrivato nella regione alla ricerca di un ampio accordo con 10 nazioni sulla sicurezza e sul commercio che ha ulteriormente innervosito gli Stati Uniti e i suoi alleati del Pacifico»

«Siamo consapevoli che la sicurezza di un membro della famiglia del Pacifico dipende dalla sicurezza di tutti»

«L’Australia sarà un partner che non avrà legami, né imporrà oneri finanziari insostenibili»

«Nel frattempo, il ministro degli Esteri cinese Wang Yi ha incontrato il governatore generale ad interim delle Isole Salomone Patteson Oti a Honiara, all’inizio di un tour di otto nazioni»

«Speriamo che le relazioni tra la Cina e le Isole Salomone diventino in seguito un terreno di cooperazione reciprocamente vantaggioso e un modello di fiducia reciproca tra la Cina e i Paesi insulari»

«Le Isole Salomone hanno recentemente firmato un patto di sicurezza con la Cina, nonostante le obiezioni di Australia, Stati Uniti, Giappone e Nuova Zelanda, che temono che possa dare alla Cina un punto d’appoggio militare nella regione»

«La Cina, come sempre, sosterrà fermamente le Isole Salomone nella salvaguardia della sovranità nazionale, della sicurezza e dell’integrità territoriale e nella salvaguardia dell’unità nazionale»

* * * * * * *

Il controllo politico e militare delle isole che formano la corona asiatica sull’Oceano Pacifico è di interesse strategico per il dominio di quel mare.

In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«China and Australia launched competing Pacific visits on Thursday, with China’s foreign minister expressing hope that ties with the Solomon Islands can be a regional model, while his counterpart said Canberra will be a partner that doesn’t come with strings attached»

«Australia’s Foreign Minister Penny Wong told the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) secretariat in Fiji that Canberra will listen to Pacific islands which had “led the global debate” on climate change»

«She spoke as China’s foreign minister arrived in the region seeking a sweeping 10-nation deal on security and trade that has further unnerved the United States and its Pacific allies»

«We understand that the security of any one Pacific family member rests on security for all»

«Australia will be a partner that won’t come with strings attached, nor imposing unsustainable financial burdens»

«Meanwhile, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Solomon Islands Acting Governor General Patteson Oti in Honiara at the start of an eight-nation tour»

«We hope the relationship between China and Solomon Islands will later become a high ground of mutually beneficial cooperation and a model of mutual trust between China and the island countries»

«The Solomon Islands recently signed a security pact with China despite objections from Australia, the United States, Japan and New Zealand, which fear it could give China a military foothold in the region»

«China will, as always, firmly support the Solomon Islands in safeguarding national sovereignty, security and territorial integrity and safeguarding domestic unity»

* * * * * * *


China, Australia vie for Pacific influence with duelling visits

SYDNEY, May 26 (Reuters) – China and Australia launched competing Pacific visits on Thursday, with China’s foreign minister expressing hope that ties with the Solomon Islands can be a regional model, while his counterpart said Canberra will be a partner that doesn’t come with strings attached.

Australia’s Foreign Minister Penny Wong told the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) secretariat in Fiji that Canberra will listen to Pacific islands which had “led the global debate” on climate change.

She spoke as China’s foreign minister arrived in the region seeking a sweeping 10-nation deal on security and trade that has further unnerved the United States and its Pacific allies

In pointed remarks, Wong said the 50-year-old regional forum, of which Australia was a member, was the “heart of Pacific regionalism”.

She said Australia had previously not respected Pacific nations’ struggle with climate change and rising sea levels, and the new Labor government would do more, including financing climate infrastructure and offering migration and work pathways to Australia for Pacific citizens.

“The triple challenges of climate, COVID and strategic contest will challenge us in new ways. We understand that the security of any one Pacific family member rests on security for all,” she said.

PIF secretary general Henry Puna welcomed the new Australian government’s commitments, especially on climate change, saying it had “shaken the foundation” of Canberra’s foreign policy direction for the Pacific.

“Australia will be a partner that won’t come with strings attached, nor imposing unsustainable financial burdens,” Wong added, a thinly veiled reference to China, which has been criticised over its aggressive lending to poorer countries.

                         CHINA’S ‘MODEL’ SOLOMONS DEAL

Meanwhile, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi met with Solomon Islands Acting Governor General Patteson Oti in Honiara at the start of an eight-nation tour. Wang will host a meeting of Pacific foreign ministers in Fiji next week to seek agreement on a five-year Pacific islands action plan.

“We hope the relationship between China and Solomon Islands will later become a high ground of mutually beneficial cooperation and a model of mutual trust between China and the island countries,” Wang said, according to China’s foreign ministry.

A draft communique circulated by China to Pacific islands ahead of the foreign ministers meeting in Fiji has prompted opposition from at least one of the invited nations, which says it showed China’s intent to control the region and “threatens regional stability”.

The Solomon Islands government said in a statement Wang would sign a number of cooperation agreements between the two countries in a two-day visit. The Chinese delegation of 44 includes vice ministers in foreign affairs, commerce, environment, and information officials.

The Solomon Islands recently signed a security pact with China despite objections from Australia, the United States, Japan and New Zealand, which fear it could give China a military foothold in the region.

China rejects this, saying the pact is focused on domestic policing and criticism by Western countries was interference in the Solomon Island’s sovereign decision-making.

“China will, as always, firmly support the Solomon Islands in safeguarding national sovereignty, security and territorial integrity and safeguarding domestic unity,” Wang said during a meeting with his Solomon Islands counterpart.

The Chinese delegation travels to Kiribati on Friday, where Wang will stay only four hours for meetings and to sign agreements.

Fiji’s Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama said he would meet Wong on Friday, and Wang on Monday.

“I’ve been asked about Fiji’s agenda. At all tables, what matters most is our people and our planet, as well as respect for international law,” he wrote on Twitter on Thursday.

* * * * * * *


Cina e Australia si contendono l’influenza nel Pacifico con visite in duello

SYDNEY, 26 maggio (Reuters) – La Cina e l’Australia hanno avviato visite concorrenti nel Pacifico giovedì, con il ministro degli Esteri cinese che ha espresso la speranza che i legami con le Isole Salomone possano essere un modello regionale, mentre la sua controparte ha detto che Canberra sarà un partner che non avrà vincoli.

Il ministro degli Esteri australiano Penny Wong ha dichiarato al segretariato del Forum delle Isole del Pacifico (PIF) alle Figi che Canberra ascolterà le isole del Pacifico che hanno “guidato il dibattito globale” sul cambiamento climatico.

Ha parlato mentre il ministro degli Esteri cinese è arrivato nella regione alla ricerca di un ampio accordo con 10 nazioni sulla sicurezza e sul commercio che ha ulteriormente innervosito gli Stati Uniti e i suoi alleati del Pacifico. leggi tutto

Nelle sue osservazioni puntuali, Wong ha affermato che il forum regionale di 50 anni, di cui l’Australia è membro, è il “cuore del regionalismo del Pacifico”.

Il nuovo governo laburista farà di più, anche finanziando infrastrutture per il clima e offrendo percorsi di migrazione e di lavoro in Australia per i cittadini del Pacifico.

“La triplice sfida del clima, del COVID e della contesa strategica ci metterà alla prova in modi nuovi. Siamo consapevoli che la sicurezza di un membro della famiglia del Pacifico dipende dalla sicurezza di tutti”, ha dichiarato.

Il segretario generale del PIF, Henry Puna, ha accolto con favore gli impegni del nuovo governo australiano, in particolare in materia di cambiamenti climatici, affermando che questo ha “scosso le fondamenta” della direzione della politica estera di Canberra per il Pacifico.

“L’Australia sarà un partner che non avrà legami, né imporrà oneri finanziari insostenibili”, ha aggiunto Wong, con un riferimento poco velato alla Cina, che è stata criticata per i suoi prestiti aggressivi ai Paesi più poveri.

                         ACCORDO CINESE “MODELLO” PER LE SALOMONE

Nel frattempo, il ministro degli Esteri cinese Wang Yi ha incontrato il governatore generale ad interim delle Isole Salomone Patteson Oti a Honiara, all’inizio di un tour di otto nazioni. La prossima settimana Wang ospiterà alle Figi una riunione dei ministri degli Esteri del Pacifico per cercare di raggiungere un accordo su un piano d’azione quinquennale per le isole del Pacifico.

“Speriamo che le relazioni tra la Cina e le Isole Salomone diventino in seguito una base di cooperazione reciprocamente vantaggiosa e un modello di fiducia reciproca tra la Cina e i Paesi insulari”, ha dichiarato Wang, secondo quanto riportato dal Ministero degli Esteri cinese.

Una bozza di comunicato diffusa dalla Cina alle isole del Pacifico in vista dell’incontro dei ministri degli Esteri alle Fiji ha suscitato l’opposizione di almeno una delle nazioni invitate, secondo cui mostra l’intenzione della Cina di controllare la regione e “minaccia la stabilità regionale”.

Il governo delle Isole Salomone ha dichiarato in un comunicato che Wang firmerà una serie di accordi di cooperazione tra i due Paesi durante la visita di due giorni. La delegazione cinese, composta da 44 persone, comprende viceministri degli affari esteri, del commercio, dell’ambiente e funzionari dell’informazione.

Le Isole Salomone hanno recentemente firmato un patto di sicurezza con la Cina nonostante le obiezioni di Australia, Stati Uniti, Giappone e Nuova Zelanda, che temono che possa dare alla Cina un punto d’appoggio militare nella regione.

La Cina respinge questa ipotesi, affermando che il patto è incentrato sulla polizia interna e che le critiche dei Paesi occidentali rappresentano un’interferenza nel processo decisionale sovrano delle Isole Salomone.

“La Cina, come sempre, sosterrà fermamente le Isole Salomone nella salvaguardia della sovranità nazionale, della sicurezza e dell’integrità territoriale e nella salvaguardia dell’unità nazionale”, ha dichiarato Wang durante un incontro con il suo omologo delle Isole Salomone.

La delegazione cinese si recherà a Kiribati venerdì, dove Wang si fermerà solo quattro ore per incontri e per firmare accordi.

Il primo ministro delle Figi Frank Bainimarama ha detto che incontrerà Wong venerdì e Wang lunedì.

“Mi è stato chiesto il programma delle Figi. A tutti i tavoli, ciò che conta di più è il nostro popolo e il nostro pianeta, oltre al rispetto del diritto internazionale”, ha scritto giovedì su Twitter.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Filippine. Marcos ha discusso con un inviato di Washington i problemi della difesa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-05-26.

Teatro Indo-Pacifico 001

«Il presidente eletto delle Filippine Ferdinand Marcos Jr ha detto lunedì di aver discusso l’estensione di un accordo militare congiunto con un inviato dell’alleato della difesa, gli Stati Uniti, dopo aver incontrato alti diplomatici di quattro Paesi»

«Gli ambasciatori di Giappone, India e Corea del Sud e l’incaricato d’affari degli Stati Uniti hanno fatto visite di cortesia a Marcos lunedì»

«Marcos, 64 anni, che entrerà in carica alla fine di giugno, ha detto di aver discusso con l’inviato statunitense dell’Accordo sulle Forze di Visita (VFA)»

«Saremmo lieti di ricevere qualsiasi assistenza all’economia da parte degli Stati Uniti”, ….. Commercio, non aiuti»

«Il VFA, che fornisce un quadro giuridico in base al quale le truppe statunitensi possono operare sul suolo filippino, è stato un pomo della discordia per il presidente in carica Rodrigo Duterte, che ha ripetutamente minacciato di rottamarlo»

«Gli analisti si aspettano che Marcos persegua stretti legami con la Cina, il che potrebbe complicare le relazioni con l’ex potenza coloniale Washington»

«La scorsa settimana ha parlato con il presidente cinese Xi Jinping e ha detto di volere che i legami bilaterali “passino a una marcia superiore»

* * * * * * *

Filippine. Marcos intende entrare nella sfera di influenza cinese. Usa perde il Pacifico.

In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *


«Philippines president-elect Ferdinand Marcos Jr said on Monday he discussed the extension of a joint military agreement with an envoy of defence ally the United States, after meetings with senior diplomats of four countries»

«Ambassadors of Japan, India and South Korea and the U.S. U.S. Chargé d’Affaires made courtesy calls on Monday to Marcos»

«Marcos, 64, who take office late in June, said he discussed with the U.S. envoy the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA)»

«We would welcome any assistance for the economy that we can get from the United States,…. Trade, not aid»

«The VFA, which provides a legal framework by which U.S. troops can operate on Philippine soil, was a bone of contention for incumbent President Rodrigo Duterte, who repeatedly threatened to scrap it»

«Analysts expect Marcos to pursue close China ties, which could complicate relations with former colonial power Washington»

«He last week spoke with Chinese President Xi Jinping and said he wanted bilateral ties to “shift to a higher gear»

* * * * * * *


Philippines’ Marcos says he discussed defence deal with U.S. envoy

MANILA, May 23 (Reuters) – Philippines president-elect Ferdinand Marcos Jr said on Monday he discussed the extension of a joint military agreement with an envoy of defence ally the United States, after meetings with senior diplomats of four countries.

Ambassadors of Japan, India and South Korea and the U.S. U.S. Chargé d’Affaires made courtesy calls on Monday to Marcos, the son and namesake of the notorious late dictator, following his landslide election victory this month.  

Marcos, 64, who take office late in June, said he discussed with the U.S. envoy the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) and how it would be redefined amid a changing regional landscape, plus funding for climate change mitigation.

“We would welcome any assistance for the economy that we can get from the United States,” Marcos told a news conference. “Trade, not aid.”

The VFA, which provides a legal framework by which U.S. troops can operate on Philippine soil, was a bone of contention for incumbent President Rodrigo Duterte, who repeatedly threatened to scrap it.

“Security concerns of course has always been a big part of our relationship with the United States,” Marcos said.

Analysts expect Marcos to pursue close China ties, which could complicate relations with former colonial power Washington, his military, and the Philippine public, with which the United States is popular.

He last week spoke with Chinese President Xi Jinping and said he wanted bilateral ties to “shift to a higher gear”.  

Marcos said he discussed aid projects with Japan’s ambassador, microfinance with India and with South Korea, information technology, regional security and the possible reactivation of a disused nuclear plant.

The plant was intended by his late father to be part of his economic modernisation legacy, but was mothballed after his overthrow in a 1986 “people power” uprising, two years after completion

Marcos said he asked Arsenio Balisacan, the national anti-trust agency chief, to be economic planning minister, a role he held from 2012 to 2016 under an administration that was a rival to the influential Marcos family.

* * * * * * *


Il presidente filippino Marcos dice di aver discusso l’accordo di difesa con l’inviato statunitense

MANILA, 23 maggio (Reuters) – Il presidente eletto delle Filippine Ferdinand Marcos Jr ha detto lunedì di aver discusso l’estensione di un accordo militare congiunto con un inviato dell’alleato della difesa, gli Stati Uniti, dopo aver incontrato alti diplomatici di quattro Paesi.

Gli ambasciatori di Giappone, India e Corea del Sud e l’incaricato d’affari degli Stati Uniti hanno fatto visite di cortesia lunedì a Marcos, figlio e omonimo del noto dittatore defunto, dopo la sua schiacciante vittoria elettorale di questo mese. 

Marcos, 64 anni, che entrerà in carica a fine giugno, ha detto di aver discusso con l’inviato statunitense dell’Accordo sulle Forze di Visita (VFA) e di come ridefinirlo in un panorama regionale in continua evoluzione, oltre che dei finanziamenti per la mitigazione del cambiamento climatico.

“Saremmo lieti di ricevere dagli Stati Uniti qualsiasi assistenza per l’economia”, ha dichiarato Marcos in una conferenza stampa. “Commercio, non aiuti”.

Il VFA, che fornisce un quadro giuridico in base al quale le truppe statunitensi possono operare sul territorio filippino, è stato un pomo della discordia per il presidente in carica Rodrigo Duterte, che ha ripetutamente minacciato di rottamarlo.

“I problemi di sicurezza, naturalmente, sono sempre stati una parte importante delle nostre relazioni con gli Stati Uniti”, ha detto Marcos.

Gli analisti si aspettano che Marcos persegua uno stretto legame con la Cina, che potrebbe complicare le relazioni con l’ex potenza coloniale Washington, con i suoi militari e con l’opinione pubblica filippina, presso la quale gli Stati Uniti sono popolari.

La settimana scorsa ha parlato con il presidente cinese Xi Jinping e ha detto di volere che i legami bilaterali “passino a una marcia superiore”. 

Marcos ha detto di aver discusso di progetti di aiuto con l’ambasciatore del Giappone, di microfinanza con l’India e con la Corea del Sud, di tecnologia dell’informazione, di sicurezza regionale e della possibile riattivazione di una centrale nucleare in disuso.

La centrale era stata pensata dal defunto padre come parte della sua eredità di modernizzazione economica, ma è stata accantonata dopo il suo rovesciamento in una rivolta popolare del 1986, due anni dopo il suo completamento.

Marcos ha detto di aver chiesto ad Arsenio Balisacan, capo dell’agenzia nazionale antitrust, di diventare ministro della Pianificazione economica, ruolo che ha ricoperto dal 2012 al 2016 sotto un’amministrazione rivale dell’influente famiglia Marcos.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica

Australia. Elezioni. Perdono i conservatori e vincono i laburisti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-05-22.

2022-05-22__ Australia 001

«Il primo ministro Scott Morrison ha ammesso la sconfitta dopo le elezioni di sabato e il partito laburista all’opposizione si appresta a porre fine a quasi un decennio di governo conservatore, forse con il sostegno degli indipendenti favorevoli all’ambiente»

« laburisti non hanno ancora raggiunto i 76 dei 151 seggi della Camera bassa necessari per formare un governo da soli. I risultati finali potrebbero richiedere del tempo, dato che si sta completando lo spoglio di un numero record di voti postali»

«Un sondaggio di Newspoll, pubblicato dal quotidiano The Australian il giorno delle elezioni, ha mostrato che il vantaggio dei laburisti sulla coalizione al governo è sceso di un punto, passando a 53-47, sulla base dei due partiti preferiti, in cui i voti dei candidati non selezionati vengono ridistribuiti ai primi due contendenti»

«Mentre i laburisti si sono concentrati sull’inflazione alle stelle e sulla crescita lenta dei salari, Morrison ha fatto della disoccupazione più bassa del Paese in quasi mezzo secolo il fulcro delle ultime ore della sua campagna elettorale»

* * * * * * *

Il grafico pubblicato il 4 maggio dalla Reserve Bank of Australia è chiaro.

L’inflazione è in rapida salita e si attesta adesso un po’ sopra il 5%.

Anche in Australia la inflazione è la massima preoccupazione dei Contribuenti Elettori.

* * * * * * *

In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«Prime Minister Scott Morrison conceded defeat after an election on Saturday and the opposition Labor Party was set to end almost a decade of conservative rule, possibly with the support of pro-environment independents»

«Partial results showed Morrison’s Liberal-National coalition had been punished by voters in Western Australia and affluent urban seats in particular»

«Tonight, I have spoken to the Leader of the Opposition and the incoming Prime Minister, Anthony Albanese. And I’ve congratulated him on his election victory this evening»

«Labor had yet to reach the 76 of the 151 lower house seats required to form a government alone. Final results could take time as counting of a record number of postal votes is completed»

«A Newspoll survey by The Australian newspaper out on election day showed Labor’s lead over the ruling coalition dipping a point to 53-47 on a two-party-preferred basis, where votes for unsuccessful candidates are redistributed to the top two contenders»

«In at least five affluent Liberal-held seats, so-called “teal independents” looked set to win, tapping voter anger over inaction on climate change after some of the worst floods and fires to hit Australia»

«Early returns suggested the Greens had also made ground, looking to pick up to three seats in Queensland»

«As Labor focussed on spiking inflation and sluggish wage growth, Morrison made the country’s lowest unemployment in almost half a century the centrepiece of his campaign’s final hours»

* * * * * * *


Australian PM Morrison concedes, ending nearly a decade of conservative rule

– Morrison quits as Liberal Party leader after loss

– Treasurer Frydenburg looks likely to lose seat

– Survey on election day showed Labor narrowly ahead

– “Teal” independents set to win at least a handful of seats

– Greens projected to add up to three seats to existing one

* * * * * * *

Sydney, May 21 (Reuters) – Prime Minister Scott Morrison conceded defeat after an election on Saturday and the opposition Labor Party was set to end almost a decade of conservative rule, possibly with the support of pro-environment independents.

Partial results showed Morrison’s Liberal-National coalition had been punished by voters in Western Australia and affluent urban seats in particular.

“Tonight, I have spoken to the Leader of the Opposition and the incoming Prime Minister, Anthony Albanese. And I’ve congratulated him on his election victory this evening,” Morrison said, stepping down as leader of his party.

Labor had yet to reach the 76 of the 151 lower house seats required to form a government alone. Final results could take time as counting of a record number of postal votes is completed.

A strong showing by the Greens and a of group of so-called “teal independents”, who campaigned on policies of integrity, equality and tackling climate change, means the makeup of the new parliament looks set to be much less climate-sceptic than the one that supported Morrison’s pro-coal mining administration.

Centre-left Labor had held a decent lead in opinion polls, although recent surveys showed the Liberal-National government narrowing the gap in the final stretch of a six-week campaign.

A Newspoll survey by The Australian newspaper out on election day showed Labor’s lead over the ruling coalition dipping a point to 53-47 on a two-party-preferred basis, where votes for unsuccessful candidates are redistributed to the top two contenders.

                         TURNING TEAL

In at least five affluent Liberal-held seats, so-called “teal independents” looked set to win, tapping voter anger over inaction on climate change after some of the worst floods and fires to hit Australia.  

Treasurer Josh Frydenberg said it would be “difficult” for him to hold the long-held Liberal seat of Kooyong in Melbourne to an independent newcomer in one of the biggest hits to the government.

Three volunteers working for teal independent Monique Ryan, who was challenging Frydenberg, said they joined Ryan’s campaign because they were concerned about the climate for the sake of their children and grandchildren.

“For me, it’s like this election actually feels hopeful,” Charlotte Forwood, a working mother of three adult children, told Reuters.

Early returns suggested the Greens had also made ground, looking to pick up to three seats in Queensland.

Greens leader Adam Bandt, who retained his inner city Melbourne seat, said climate was a major issue for voters.

“There was an attempt from Labor and Liberal to bury it, and we were very clear about the need to tackle climate by tackling coal and gas.”

Morrison and Albanese earlier cast their votes in Sydney after making whistle-stop tours across marginal seats in the final two days of a campaign dominated by rising living costs, climate change and integrity.  

As Labor focussed on spiking inflation and sluggish wage growth, Morrison made the country’s lowest unemployment in almost half a century the centrepiece of his campaign’s final hours.

* * * * * * *


Il premier australiano Morrison si ritira, ponendo fine a quasi un decennio di governo conservatore

– Morrison si dimette da leader del Partito Liberale dopo la sconfitta

– Il tesoriere Frydenburg sembra destinato a perdere il seggio

– Il sondaggio del giorno delle elezioni mostrava che i laburisti erano di poco in vantaggio

– Gli indipendenti “verdi” sono destinati a conquistare almeno una manciata di seggi

– Secondo le proiezioni, i Verdi potrebbero aggiungere fino a tre seggi a quello esistente.

* * * * * * *

Sydney, 21 maggio (Reuters) – Il primo ministro Scott Morrison ha ammesso la sconfitta dopo le elezioni di sabato e il partito laburista all’opposizione è destinato a porre fine a quasi un decennio di governo conservatore, forse con il sostegno degli indipendenti favorevoli all’ambiente.

I risultati parziali hanno mostrato che la coalizione Liberal-Nazionale di Morrison è stata punita dagli elettori dell’Australia Occidentale e dei seggi urbani più ricchi in particolare.

“Stasera ho parlato con il leader dell’opposizione e primo ministro entrante, Anthony Albanese. Mi sono congratulato con lui per la vittoria elettorale di questa sera”, ha dichiarato Morrison, dimettendosi da leader del suo partito.

I laburisti non hanno ancora raggiunto i 76 dei 151 seggi della Camera bassa necessari per formare un governo da soli. I risultati finali potrebbero richiedere del tempo, dato che lo spoglio di un numero record di voti postali è stato completato.

La forte affermazione dei Verdi e di un gruppo di cosiddetti “indipendenti verdi”, che hanno fatto una campagna per l’integrità, l’uguaglianza e la lotta al cambiamento climatico, significa che la composizione del nuovo parlamento sarà molto meno scettica rispetto a quella che ha sostenuto l’amministrazione di Morrison, favorevole alle miniere di carbone.

I laburisti di centro-sinistra hanno mantenuto un discreto vantaggio nei sondaggi di opinione, anche se le ultime rilevazioni hanno mostrato che il governo liberal-nazionale sta riducendo il divario nel tratto finale di una campagna di sei settimane.

Un sondaggio di Newspoll, pubblicato dal quotidiano The Australian il giorno delle elezioni, ha mostrato che il vantaggio dei laburisti sulla coalizione di governo è sceso di un punto, passando a 53-47 sulla base dei due partiti preferiti, in cui i voti dei candidati non selezionati vengono ridistribuiti ai primi due contendenti.

                         DIVENTARE VERDE ACQUA

In almeno cinque ricchi seggi occupati dai liberali, i cosiddetti “indipendenti verdi” sembrano destinati a vincere, sfruttando la rabbia degli elettori per l’inazione sul cambiamento climatico dopo alcune delle peggiori inondazioni e incendi che hanno colpito l’Australia. 

Il tesoriere Josh Frydenberg ha detto che sarebbe stato “difficile” per lui tenere il seggio liberale di Kooyong, a Melbourne, da tempo in mano a un nuovo arrivato indipendente, in uno dei più grandi successi per il governo.

Tre volontari che lavorano per l’indipendente Monique Ryan, che sfida Frydenberg, hanno detto di aver aderito alla campagna di Ryan perché preoccupati per il clima, per il bene dei loro figli e nipoti.

“Per me, queste elezioni sono davvero piene di speranza”, ha dichiarato alla Reuters Charlotte Forwood, madre lavoratrice di tre figli adulti.

I primi risultati indicano che anche i Verdi hanno guadagnato terreno, cercando di ottenere fino a tre seggi nel Queensland.

Il leader dei Verdi Adam Bandt, che ha conservato il suo seggio nel centro di Melbourne, ha detto che il clima è un tema importante per gli elettori.

“C’è stato un tentativo da parte dei laburisti e dei liberali di insabbiare la questione, mentre noi siamo stati molto chiari sulla necessità di affrontare la questione del clima combattendo il carbone e il gas”.

Morrison e Albanese hanno espresso il loro voto a Sydney dopo aver fatto un giro di visite nei seggi marginali negli ultimi due giorni di una campagna dominata dall’aumento del costo della vita, dal cambiamento climatico e dall’integrità. 

Mentre i laburisti si sono concentrati sull’inflazione alle stelle e sulla crescita lenta dei salari, Morrison ha fatto della disoccupazione più bassa del Paese in quasi mezzo secolo il fulcro delle ultime ore della sua campagna.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Filippine. Marcos intende entrare nella sfera di influenza cinese. Usa perde il Pacifico.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-05-21.

Mare Cinese e Filippine 001

«Philippines president-elect Ferdinand Marcos Jr on Wednesday said his country’s ties with China will expand and “shift to a higher gear” when he takes power, signalling intent to advance outgoing leader Rodrigo Duterte’s pro-Beijing agenda»

«Il presidente eletto delle Filippine, Ferdinand Marcos Jr, ha dichiarato mercoledì che i legami del suo Paese con la Cina si espanderanno e “passeranno a una marcia superiore” quando prenderà il potere, segnalando l’intenzione di portare avanti l’agenda pro-Pechino del leader uscente Rodrigo Duterte»

* * * * * * *

«Philippines president-elect Ferdinand Marcos Jr on Wednesday said his country’s ties with China will expand and “shift to a higher gear” when he takes power, signalling intent to advance outgoing leader Rodrigo Duterte’s pro-Beijing agenda»

«Marcos, who won last week’s election by a landslide, said he held “very substantial” talks by phone on Wednesday with Chinese President Xi Jinping, who assured him of support for his “independent foreign policy”, and agreed to hold more comprehensive discussions»

«Xi also acknowledged his late father’s role in opening diplomatic relations between China and former U.S. colony the Philippines»

«I told him, we must not allow what conflicts or difficulties we have now between our two countries to become historically important»

«The Philippines and China have had a rocky relationship in recent years over Beijing’s vast territorial claims and conduct of its coast guard and fishing fleet in the South China Sea, through which at least $3.4 trillion of annual trade passes»

«Xi said both countries should carry forward their friendship, grasp the general trend and follow through the blueprint for bilateral friendly cooperation, the embassy added»

«Marcos said Xi had expressed a desire to talking privately»

* * * * * * *

Filippine. Stop all’accordo militare con Washington.

Filippine. Una situazione da seguire con cura per imparare.

Cina – Filippine. Mr Xi in visita ufficiale a Manila.

Cina e Filippine. Sembrerebbe prospettarsi un accordo strategico.

Filippine. La situazione analizzata dal punto di vista cinese. Xinhua.

Philippine President Duterte vows for closer relations with China

Scacchiere indo-pacifico. Rifiuta di ospitare missili intermedi americani.

Isole Salomone. Sono entrate nel patrocinio politico e militare della Cina.

Pil Ppp. Anno21. Confronto tra paesi G7 e Brics. Il peso

Cina. L’occidente deve accettare che il centro di gravità economico si è spostato in Asia.

Cina. Acre requisitoria agli Stati Uniti che hanno causato il conflitto russo-ukraino.

Scacchiere indo-pacifico. Rifiuta di ospitare missili intermedi americani.

Cina alla conquista dell’Oceano Pacifico.

Cina. Controllo strategico del Mar Giallo e del Mare Cinese Orientale.

* * * * * * *

Per comprendere l’importanza strategica della posizione geografica delle Filippine basta dare uno sguardo sia pur superficiale alla carta geografica. Ad ovest sbarrano il Mare Cinese del Sud, rivendicato dalla Cina, mentre ad Est aggettano sull’Oceano Pacifico. Chi controlla le Filippine controlla ambedue gli scacchieri.

In passato le Filippine furono saldamente sotto il controllo degli Stati Uniti, che usarono mano molto pesante, tanto da rendersi particolarmente invisi.

Negli ultimi anni la dirigenza liberal americana cercò di asservire a quella ideologia le Filippine, scatenando contro il Presidente Rodrigo Duterte un vero e proprio linciaggio diplomatico e mediatico accusandolo di aver violato i ‘diritti umani’, intendendo con essi la concezione liberal della persona umana.

Gli Stati Uniti fallirono miseramente e furono involontaria concausa del trionfo elettorale di Mr Ferdinand Marcos Jr.

Ora questi intende potenziare ed annodare su base di reciproco rispetto il legame con la Cina, trovando Mr Xi più che favorevole alla evenienza e più che ben disposto ad avviare colloqui riservati con il neo Presidente Marcos.

Sembrerebbe essere più che probabile che le Filippine abbandonino in modo definitivo i residui legami con gli Stati Uniti e portino alle estreme conseguenze i rapporti sociali, politici economici e finanziari con la Cina.

* * * * * * *


Philippines’ Marcos wants China ties to ‘shift to higher gear’ under his presidency.

– Xi, Marcos to hold more comprehensive talks

– China will respect an “independent” foreign policy -Marcos

– Philippines an issue in U.S.-China strategic rivalry

– Marcos widely expected to lean towards China

* * * * * * *


Manila, May 18 (Reuters) – Philippines president-elect Ferdinand Marcos Jr on Wednesday said his country’s ties with China will expand and “shift to a higher gear” when he takes power, signalling intent to advance outgoing leader Rodrigo Duterte’s pro-Beijing agenda.

Marcos, who won last week’s election by a landslide, said he held “very substantial” talks by phone on Wednesday with Chinese President Xi Jinping, who assured him of support for his “independent foreign policy”, and agreed to hold more comprehensive discussions.  

The 64-year-old son and namesake of the notorious former dictator said Xi also acknowledged his late father’s role in opening diplomatic relations between China and former U.S. colony the Philippines.

“The way forward is to expand our relationship not only diplomatic, not only trade, but also in culture, even in education, even in knowledge, even in health, to address whatever minor disagreements that we have right now,” Marcos said in a statement.

“I told him, we must not allow what conflicts or difficulties we have now between our two countries to become historically important.”

The Philippines and China have had a rocky relationship in recent years over Beijing’s vast territorial claims and conduct of its coast guard and fishing fleet in the South China Sea, through which at least $3.4 trillion of annual trade passes.

Many analysts expect Marcos to seek stronger ties with Beijing, but say maintaining close relations with defence ally Washington will be essential in keeping the military and the public onside in a country with historically strong links to the United States.

Their phone conversation focused on bilateral ties and regional development, the Chinese embassy in Manila said in a separate statement.

Xi said both countries should carry forward their friendship, grasp the general trend and follow through the blueprint for bilateral friendly cooperation, the embassy added.

Marcos won the presidency with nearly 59% of the votes last week. He will take office late in June.

China was among the first to congratulate Marcos, who was the first win a presidential election by an outright majority since a 1986 revolution that toppled his late father’s two-decade dictatorship.

Kurt Campbell, the White House coordinator for the Indo-Pacific, last week said the United States would seek early engagement with the Marcos administration, but said there were “historical considerations” that could pose challenges.

Marcos said Xi had expressed a desire to talking privately.

“We are both looking forward to having further dialogue,” Marcos said.

“He said both of us should talk, without the others.”

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Scacchiere indo-pacifico. Rifiuta di ospitare missili intermedi americani.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-05-16.

Teatro Indo-Pacifico 001

«As part of Washington’s long-standing strategy of encircling and containing China, it seeks to add to its already immense military footprint along China’s periphery, missile installations and specifically, ground-based intermediate-range missiles (GBIRMs) across the Indo-Pacific Region»

«The paper considers various US “allies” who might host the missiles»

«                       Thailand: US Needs Regime Change»

«In reality, RAND’s conclusion that elections in Thailand were “anything but fair” is based solely on the fact that the US client regime of choice – a coalition between US-backed billionaires Thaksin Shinawatra and Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit simply failed to win and take office»

«Second, the Thai government has shown a propensity to pursue closer ties with China, particularly since the coup. Research reveals that Thai military officers and officials view Chinese influence on Thailand’s security policies as now equal to that of the United States»

«                       The Philippines: Once a Colony…»

«Specifically, since his election in May 2016, Duterte has advocated closer ties with Beijing while concurrently pursuing policies that weaken core pillars of the US-Philippine alliance. Although Duterte has backtracked somewhat on these approaches, leading to some improvement in US-Philippine ties, as long as future Philippine leaders continue similar policies, including opposition to a permanent US military presence, the Philippines is extremely unlikely to accept the deployment of US GBIRMs»

«                       South Korea: Close Economic Ties with China Trump US Troop Presence» 

«Although the alliance between the United States and the ROK was forged during the Korean War, the ROK also retains a close relationship with China to help manage and resolve continuing North Korean security challenges»

«Again, economic ties with China and the fact that hosting US missiles for the explicit use of threatening China would run contrary to South Korea’s own best interests»

«                       Australia: Self-Sabotage»

«And it has only been through immense political interference in Australia and pressure from Washington to sabotage Australia’s economic ties with China»

«Although strong historical ties with the United States and developments in 2021 that indicate an expansion of US access and presence make it impossible to rule out the possibility of Australia being willing to host US GBIRMs, a historical reluctance to host permanent foreign bases, combined with the geographical distance of Australia from continental Asia, makes this possibility unlikely»

«                       Japan: The Most Likely Candidate»

«Even Japan, still occupied by tens of thousands of US troops a generation after the end of World War 2, is seen as unlikely to host such missiles»

«                       The US Undermines, not Underwrites Indo-Pacific Peace»

«Yet according to US government-funded analysis carried out by the RAND Corporation in this report, existing military cooperation with the US seems more or less testing the limits of what is acceptable in each nation»

«Taken together it is clear that America’s military presence in the Indo-Pacific region is aimed solely at encircling, containing, and confronting China»

«This is a policy that threatens to undermine not just China’s peace, stability, security, and prosperity, but that of the entire Indo-Pacific region which depends on close and ever-growing ties with China»

«This is a policy that threatens to undermine not just China’s peace, stability, security, and prosperity, but that of the entire Indo-Pacific region which depends on close and ever-growing ties with China»

* * * * * * *


Washington’s Indo-Pacific “Allies” Refuse to Host US Missiles

As part of Washington’s long-standing strategy of encircling and containing China, it seeks to add to its already immense military footprint along China’s periphery, missile installations and specifically, ground-based intermediate-range missiles (GBIRMs) across the Indo-Pacific Region.

A research paper funded by the US government and published by the RAND Corporation titled, “Ground-Based Intermediate-Range Missiles in the Indo-Pacific Assessing the Positions of US Allies,” claims this is necessary because China has developed “a wide array of capabilities that the United States was prohibited from fielding” because of America’s adherence to the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty of which it is no longer a signatory.

The purpose of the paper is to determine where best to locate these missiles because the US itself has no territory in the region close enough to China and its GBIRMs to put them in check. This, however, is also an admission that China’s GBIRM capabilities are not a danger to the US itself, but rather to US “interests” in the Indo-Pacific region including first and foremost its desired primacy over it.

The paper considers various US “allies” who might host the missiles including Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Australia, and Japan.

In each case there are serious complications including the fact that most of these “allies” have close and ever-growing ties with China economically and in some cases even militarily.

                         Thailand: US Needs Regime Change

Regarding Thailand, the RAND paper cites two obstacles, the first being:

…since the coup, Thailand has not held fair elections resulting in a democratically elected government. Instead, the forces behind the coup remain in power, with a pro-military government pushing the country further down the road of authoritarianism. Observers recognize the February 2019 elections as anything but fair, and the government continues to weaken Thailand’s democratic institutions. The continuing presence of the military-backed government in Bangkok prevents the United States from strengthening US-Thai military relations. As long as this remains true, requesting this regime to host US GBIRMs is highly unlikely.

In reality, RAND’s conclusion that elections in Thailand were “anything but fair” is based solely on the fact that the US client regime of choice – a coalition between US-backed billionaires Thaksin Shinawatra and Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit simply failed to win and take office.

Because political circles representing Thailand’s actual best interests took office, Thai foreign policy was shaped in such a way leading to the second obstacle for US missiles being based in Thailand.

RAND would claim:

Second, the Thai government has shown a propensity to pursue closer ties with China, particularly since the coup. Research reveals that Thai military officers and officials view Chinese influence on Thailand’s security policies as now equal to that of the United States. Some analysts have argued that this is because Thailand views China as benign rather than a revisionist power or a military threat. Others have found that Thailand sees itself as reliant on China for protection against military threats. How much influence these views have on defense decisions remains an ongoing debate, but Thailand has not only purchased arms from China, such as submarines and tanks, but also allowed the People’s Liberation Army Navy to access the Sattahip Naval Base (a port of call often used by the United States) and exercised with China on an annual basis. These closer ties represent a major reason why the United States “should not harbor any illusions that Thailand will be an active partner on China-related challenges.”

Not mentioned is the fact that China is Thailand’s largest trade partner, largest investor, largest source of tourism and thus a direct contributor to one of Thailand’s several major industries, as well as an increasingly important partner in reducing Thailand’s dependency on US weapons and defense partnership. Cultivating closer ties with China is simply in Thailand’s best interests but is a process done with a very conscious effort to maintain a certain level of ties with the United States nonetheless.

It can be assumed that the policymakers behind this RAND report would like to see Thai policy and the government making it changed. But this would mean Thai policy would change in a way that would jeopardize Thailand’s best interests simply to suit Washington’s. Because Thailand’s current ruling circles of political and military power refuse to place Washington’s interests above their own, Washington has embarked on a policy of changing Thailand’s ruling circles of political and military power.

Protests that could be characterized as anti-government, anti-monarchy, and anti-military have taken to the streets on and off since 2019 in the aftermath of Thai general elections that year. The core organizations promoting, supporting, and even leading the protests are funded by the US government through the National Endowment for Democracy (NED). This includes media organizations like Prachatai, Isaan Record, and Bernar News, legal organizations like iLaw (Internet Law Reform Dialogue) who in 2020 organized a petition to rewrite Thailand’s constitution, and Thai Lawyers for Human Rights who not only provide legal support for protest leaders but included staff members who themselves led protests.

In other words, the RAND Corporation is not simply pointing out the shortcomings in Thailand preventing the US from placing missiles in their territory among other attempts to militarily and economically encircle and contain China – the US is already actively attempting to rectify these shortcomings through political interference ranging from coercion up to and including attempted regime change.

It is precisely because of Washington’s approach not only with Thailand but all of the nations mentioned in the RAND Corporation’s report that many of these nations have begun diversifying away from economic and military dependence on the West and the US in particular. Increasing trade with China and Beijing’s foreign policy of non-interference makes turning to China an easy choice. Only through active coercion and interference can the US attempt to convince nations in the Indo-Pacific to rethink this pivot.

                         The Philippines: Once a Colony…

The Philippines – colonized by the US from 1898 to 1946 – has experienced a similar pivot from West to East and more specifically, from a close (some could say subservient) relationship with Washington to a more balanced relationship using growing ties with Beijing as leverage to ensure it remains that way.

The RAND Corporation says of the Philippines:

The US alliance with the Philippines is in a state of flux. While the Philippine public and elites generally support the United States and the alliance itself, current President Rodrigo Duterte has pursued policies that negatively affect ties. Specifically, since his election in May 2016, Duterte has advocated closer ties with Beijing while concurrently pursuing policies that weaken core pillars of the US-Philippine alliance. Although Duterte has backtracked somewhat on these approaches, leading to some improvement in US-Philippine ties, as long as future Philippine leaders continue similar policies, including opposition to a permanent US military presence, the Philippines is extremely unlikely to accept the deployment of US GBIRMs.

Just like with Thailand – the Philippines counts China as its largest and most important economic partner. Allowing the US to place missiles on its territory for the explicit and sole purpose of threatening China clearly runs contrary to Manila’s best interests.

Just as in Thailand, the US maintains an active policy of political interference in the Philippines to shape its political landscape to place pro-American individuals into positions of power to shift Filipino foreign policy away from reflecting the nation’s interests and instead serving American interests at the cost of the Philippines’ economic and political future.

                         South Korea: Close Economic Ties with China Trump US Troop Presence 

South Korea, despite hosting tens of thousands of US troops, is also considered by RAND an unlikely host of US GBIRMs. The report notes:

Although the alliance between the United States and the ROK was forged during the Korean War, the ROK also retains a close relationship with China to help manage and resolve continuing North Korean security challenges. The ROK also shares close economic ties with China. Because of experiences of Chinese opposition to the ROK hosting a US defensive missile system and the ROK government’s past susceptibility to Chinese pressure, combined with a general deterioration of US-ROK relations, it is highly unlikely that the ROK would consent to host US GBIRMs.

Again, economic ties with China and the fact that hosting US missiles for the explicit use of threatening China would run contrary to South Korea’s own best interests.

                         Australia: Self-Sabotage

As a matter of fact, the same goes for Australia – also mentioned in the report. And it has only been through immense political interference in Australia and pressure from Washington to sabotage Australia’s economic ties with China, that a general atmosphere of belligerence against China has begun to form. But even so, RAND Corporation sees the positioning of ground-based intermediate range missiles in Australia a provocation too far.

The report states:

Although strong historical ties with the United States and developments in 2021 that indicate an expansion of US access and presence make it impossible to rule out the possibility of Australia being willing to host US GBIRMs, a historical reluctance to host permanent foreign bases, combined with the geographical distance of Australia from continental Asia, makes this possibility unlikely. This is unlikely to change in the coming decade, even as Australia agrees to an increase in US rotational presence.

And while RAND notes that it is unlikely to change in the coming decades there are clearly efforts by the US and its supporters in Australia to change this sooner rather than later.

This is done through policy think tanks like the Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI) funded by the US government and US-based arms manufacturers – shaping Australian foreign policy to suit the interests of the US at the cost of Australia’s economy and its sovereignty.

                         Japan: The Most Likely Candidate 

Even Japan, still occupied by tens of thousands of US troops a generation after the end of World War 2, is seen as unlikely to host such missiles. The RAND report notes that:

Because of Japan’s willingness to strengthen the alliance and pursue efforts to bolster its own defense capabilities vis-à-vis China, however, Japan is the regional ally that appears most likely to host US GBIRMs. That possibility, however, remains low, heavily caveated by the challenge of accepting any increase in US  presence and deploying weapons that are explicitly offensive in nature. That is unlikely to change in the years ahead.

However, the report notes that Japan could serves as a partner for a potential alternative to hosting US missiles of the intermediate range category – jointly developing such missiles deployed by the Japanese military itself.

                         The US Undermines, not Underwrites Indo-Pacific Peace

The US Indo-Pacific Command (USINDOPACOM) on its official website claims:

USINDOPACOM protects and defends, in concert with other US Government agencies, the territory of the United States, its people, and its interests. With allies and partners, USINDOPACOM is committed to enhancing stability in the Asia-Pacific region by promoting security cooperation, encouraging peaceful development, responding to contingencies, deterring aggression, and, when necessary, fighting to win.  This approach is based on partnership, presence, and military readiness.

Yet according to US government-funded analysis carried out by the RAND Corporation in this report, existing military cooperation with the US seems more or less testing the limits of what is acceptable in each nation. The RAND Corporation report acknowledges how unpopular the notion of hosting additional US missiles is throughout the Indo-Pacific region despite insinuating its necessity to counter China.

Taken together it is clear that America’s military presence in the Indo-Pacific region is aimed solely at encircling, containing, and confronting China. This is a policy that threatens to undermine not just China’s peace, stability, security, and prosperity, but that of the entire Indo-Pacific region which depends on close and ever-growing ties with China.

Were China an actual threat, nations would be asking the US for its missiles rather than the US military commissioning reports to figure out why each nation does not want them – a problem then passed off to other US agencies and funding arms to resolve through political interference and coercion.

Ultimately, this reveals the US, not China, as the greatest and most persistent threat to the Indo-Pacific region – a region that may not represent perfect diplomatic relations at all times across all issues – but a region that seems to agree that China’s rise is key to each nation’s future individually as well as key to the future of the region as a whole.

The real battlelines will not be between China and its neighbors, but rather between the region and Washington’s various ongoing efforts to undermine sovereignty and eventually change various nations’ willingness to host US missiles as well as cooperate with other measures the US seeks to pursue in its increasingly dangerous competition – some may already say conflict – with China.