Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Formosa. Il partito pro-China stravince le elezioni locali.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-12-01.

Formosa 014

I tempi sono mutati, capovolgendo nettamente le situazioni.

Con le elezioni di midterm gli Elettori hanno privato Joe Biden ed i liberal democratici del controllo del Congresso, ed i nuovi parlamentari Gop eletti hanno già annunciato che metteranno Joe Biden e suo figlio Hunter sotto processo.

Questo evento, rendendo Joe Biden impotente di legiferare e di agire, lascia immediatamente privi di protezione tutti coloro che furono suoi supporter. Sono quindi esposti a rappresaglie, come bene testimonia il caso Macron, già messo sotto processo in Francia per appropriazione di fondi elettorali.

Ma a livello mondiale gli orfani sono numerosi.

L’ultimo evento, prima impensato ed impensabile, è quello delle elezioni regionali a Formosa.

Il partito Kuomintang, dichiaratamente filo cinese, ha stravinto le elezioni, obbligando il premier a dimettersi dalla guida del partito governativo.

Ma si faccia attenzione! Dall’essere filo-cinese al volersi riunirsi con la Cia il passo è brevissimo.

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                         La Presidente di Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen si è dimessa dalla carica di capo del Partito Democratico Progressista, dopo i risultati negativi ottenuti alle elezioni locali. Il Kuomintang (KMT), partito di opposizione, ha vinto diverse importanti elezioni sabato, anche nella capitale Taipei. Il voto ha attirato l’attenzione del mondo intero, in quanto Taiwan è diventato un punto di maggior tensione geopolitica tra Cina e Stati Uniti.

                         Le elezioni per i consigli comunali e i sindaci delle città sono teoricamente incentrate su questioni interne, come la criminalità, gli alloggi e il benessere sociale, e gli eletti non avranno voce in capitolo sulla politica di Taiwan nei confronti della Cina. Il principale partito di opposizione di Taiwan, il Kuomintang (KMT), ha conquistato sabato il controllo della carica di sindaco di Taipei, segnando una battuta d’arresto per la presidente Tsai Ing-wen, che aveva definito le elezioni locali come una sfida alla crescente bellicosità della Cina.

                         Il partito di Taiwan che vuole legami più forti con la Cina ha una nuova stella. Questo potrebbe anche influenzare le relazioni tra le due sponde dello Stretto, il che significa che la situazione è tenuta sotto stretta osservazione da Xi Jinping, che il mese scorso ha ottenuto il suo terzo mandato come leader. I risultati potrebbero produrre effetti a cascata che avrebbero importanti implicazioni per le elezioni presidenziali del 2024 e, a loro volta, per la situazione attraverso lo Stretto di Taiwan.

                         A ottobre, il Partito Comunista Cinese ha inserito nella propria costituzione il rifiuto dell’indipendenza di Taiwan e il Segretario di Stato americano Antony Blinken ha avvertito che Pechino sta cercando di accelerare la presa dell’isola. Credo che il partito al governo debba aiutarci a cercare la pace con la Cina, non la guerra. Non c’è prosperità senza pace.

                         Il KMT è avvantaggiato a Taipei, che ha una presenza significativa di elettori blu. Il partito è tradizionalmente favorito dall’establishment dell’isola e dagli elettori più anziani, mentre il DPP è più popolare tra gli agricoltori e la classe operaia taiwanese.

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«Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen has resigned as head of the governing Democratic Progressive Party after its poor showing in local elections. The opposition Kuomintang (KMT) won several major races on Saturday, including in the capital Taipei. The vote has drawn global attention as Taiwan becomes a bigger geopolitical flashpoint between China and the US.»

«The elections for local councils and city mayors theoretically have a domestic focus, covering issues such as crime, housing and social welfare, and those elected will not have a direct say on Taiwan’s policy regarding China. Taiwan’s main opposition party the Kuomintang (KMT) won control of the Taipei mayorship on Saturday in a setback for President Tsai Ing-wen, who had framed the local elections as being about showing defiance to China’s rising bellicosity.»

«Taiwan Party That Wants Stronger Ties With China Has a New Star. That could also sway cross-strait relations, meaning it’s being watched closely by Xi Jinping, who secured his third term as leader last month. The results could produce cascading effects that would have important implications for the 2024 presidential election, and in turn, the situation across the Taiwan Strait»

«In October, China’s Communist Party enshrined its rejection of Taiwan’s independence into its constitution and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has warned that Beijing was trying to speed up its seizure of the island. I think the ruling party should help us seek peace with China, not war. There is no prosperity without peace. The KMT has the advantage in Taipei, which has a significant presence of “blue” voters. The party is traditionally favored by the island’s establishment and older voters, while the DPP has been more popular among farmers and working-class Taiwanese.»

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Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen quits as party chair after local elections.

«Taiwan’s President Tsai Ing-wen has resigned as head of the governing Democratic Progressive Party after its poor showing in local elections.

The opposition Kuomintang (KMT) won several major races on Saturday, including in the capital Taipei.

The vote has drawn global attention as Taiwan becomes a bigger geopolitical flashpoint between China and the US.

President Tsai had framed the election as a vote for democracy amid rising tensions with China.

“The election results were not as expected… I should shoulder all the responsibility and I resign as DPP chairwoman immediately,” Ms Tsai, who will continue as president of the self-ruled island, told reporters.

The elections for local councils and city mayors theoretically have a domestic focus, covering issues such as crime, housing and social welfare, and those elected will not have a direct say on Taiwan’s policy regarding China.

However, Ms Tsai and government officials urged voters to use the elections to send a message about standing up for democracy, as Beijing increases pressure on the island.»

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Taiwan Opposition Wins Control of Taipei in Setback for President Tsai.

«Taipei. Taiwan’s main opposition party the Kuomintang (KMT) won control of the Taipei mayorship on Saturday in a setback for President Tsai Ing-wen, who had framed the local elections as being about showing defiance to China’s rising bellicosity.

The elections for mayors, county chiefs and local councilors are ostensibly about domestic issues such as the COVID-19 pandemic and crime, and those elected will not have a direct say on China policy.

But Tsai, who leads the ruling Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), had recast the election as being more than a local vote, saying the world is watching how Taiwan defends its democracy amid military tensions with China, which claims the island as its territory.»

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Taiwan Party That Wants Stronger Ties With China Has a New Star.

(Bloomberg) — Chiang Wan-an was a teenager when his father sat him down to tell him about his heritage: he’s the great-grandson of Chiang Kai-shek, the Chinese Nationalist leader who fought Mao Zedong’s Communists forces before fleeing to Taiwan and ruled it with an iron fist.

Now the younger Chiang, who was a corporate lawyer in the US before entering Taiwan politics several years ago, is running for Taipei mayor in an election that could help restore the popularity of his famous ancestor’s political party, the Kuomintang. The once-dominant party, whose charter still calls for unification with China, has seen support wither.

Invigorated by Chiang’s youthful image and moderate approach on China, a KMT victory in the election Saturday could help the party’s chances at a comeback in national elections. That could also sway cross-strait relations, meaning it’s being watched closely by Xi Jinping, who secured his third term as leader last month.

“If Chiang wins, he could potentially revitalize the KMT by helping the party regain control of Taipei city and giving the party a prominent new political face,” said Russell Hsiao, executive director of the Washington-based Global Taiwan Institute. “The results could produce cascading effects that would have important implications for the 2024 presidential election, and in turn, the situation across the Taiwan Strait.”

The election is being held after a spike in tensions between Taiwan and China this year, with the People’s Liberation Army conducting a barrage of drills around the island. In October, China’s Communist Party enshrined its rejection of Taiwan’s independence into its constitution and US Secretary of State Antony Blinken has warned that Beijing was trying to speed up its seizure of the island. 

A meeting by US President Joe Biden and Xi on the sidelines of the Group of 20 summit this month appeared to ease escalation, but it’s unclear how long this will last. Biden has said the US would come to the island’s defense should it be attacked — something previous leaders have avoided expressing explicitly for fear of provoking China.

                         Security Concerns

Many voters, particularly older generations with an affinity for the KMT, see Chiang, 43, as the safe choice in these uncertain times. While he may lack the political experience of his main opponent Chen Shih-chung, the 68-year-old former Health Minister and candidate of the ruling Democratic Progressive Party, Chiang has gained a steady, if unremarkable, reputation as a lawmaker since winning a seat in 2016. 

Although issues in the upcoming ballot are mostly local, voters and political analysts say security concerns are at the top of people’s minds. 

“All I care about now is that I don’t want to see war happening in my life,” said Kathy Wang, a retired 70-year-old. She comes from what many Taiwan people describe as a “blue” family of KMT supporters, with connections to China. 

“I think the ruling party should help us seek peace with China, not war. There is no prosperity without peace,” she said. 

While polls have shown a majority of Taiwanese people are happy to maintain the status quo rather than seek unification or independence, her support for the KMT puts her in the minority. President Tsai Ing-wen of the DPP came to power in 2016 and was re-elected in 2020 as her vow to protect Taiwan’s autonomy proved popular amid a crackdown on Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement. 

The KMT, also known as the Chinese Nationalist Party, once ruled China by reunifying a country fragmented by the collapse of its monarchy and battling Japanese invaders. Since moving to Taiwan as Mao’s forces advanced, the party has said it aims to retake the mainland and reunite China’s people, a goal now seen by many as out of date. 

More voters now see themselves as Taiwanese first and foremost, and fewer stand by the dual, Taiwanese-Chinese identity that was more common a few decades ago, viewing Beijing and the prospect of peaceful unification with skepticism. 

“I fear war, but I fear unification even more,” said Sabrina Hong, a 40-year-old local bank worker. “If KMT runs Taiwan’s government, maybe cross-strait ties will be less tense. But it’s concerning that Taiwan may eventually become part of China.”

While many feel that a stronger KMT could help avoid military conflict with China, others believe that the DPP government’s stance of keeping China at arm’s length, combined with support from Western allies, is the best way to extend the status quo.

Tsai hosted US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi on a visit in August, prompting China to cut off military and climate talks with the US and fire ballistic missiles over the island. While some saw the trip as provocation, many believe that bolstering Taiwan’s ties with the US and others such as Japan is key to preventing a takeover. 

Chiang showed he was well aware of such concerns during a two-hour debate in early November, emphasizing Taiwan’s democratic values and brushing off suggestions, including from Elon Musk, that Taiwan become a special administrative zone of China.

“There’s no need to even think about such a proposal. I’ll definitely oppose it to the end, and uphold the dignity of the Republic of China,” Chiang said, using the formal name of Taiwan. 

Chiang, whose campaign promises to address the capital’s aging infrastructure and declining population, is also helped by criticism over Chen’s tenure as health minister. Taiwan’s early success at reining in the spread of Covid-19 has been overshadowed by a late spike in cases and criticism over vaccine shortages. 

“He is more moderate and willing to listen,” said Dane Wang, a 43-year-old owner of a tech startup, adding that Chiang’s family background doesn’t matter to him. “What we care about more is what he can bring to the city and his personality.” 

The KMT has the advantage in Taipei, which has a significant presence of “blue” voters. The party is traditionally favored by the island’s establishment and older voters, while the DPP has been more popular among farmers and working-class Taiwanese. 

                         Complicated Legacy

Chiang’s looks appear to be helping offset some concerns that he can sound scripted and less spontaneous than his more seasoned rivals. Chiang — a father of two with another on the way — is often mobbed on the campaign trail by smartphone-wielding female voters demanding selfies. 

The most obvious asset may be his name. But Chiang, who declined to comment for this story, has also been careful about brandishing it. The legacy is slightly complicated: his father John Chiang, former vice premier and foreign minister, was an unrecognized son of Chiang Ching-kuo, son of Chiang Kai-shek. 

Wan-an changed his surname from Chang to Chiang in 2005, when he was 27 and around a decade after his father first told him about his great-grandfather. Chiang has explained the delay as respect for Chiang Ching-Kuo’s widow, who died in 2004. Ching-kuo never publicly acknowledged John and his twin brother as his own. 

Chiang hadn’t always pursued the role of heir to a political dynasty, and focused on venture capital as a lawyer. In a book, he said he turned to politics after seeing a struggling KMT, determined to “commemorate ancestors and show devotion to the country.” He won a seat in legislature in 2016 and was re-elected in 2020. 

He’s likely aware that his name isn’t viewed favorably by all. The KMT’s single-party rule, including leadership by Chiang Kai-shek and his son, is remembered by many as a time of repression. 

While the KMT government shifted toward democratization in the 1990s, its early days of rule in Taiwan were marked by the killing of opponents and attacks on civilians considered sympathetic toward communists. 

Chen made an oblique reference to this during the televised debate. “I won’t ask him to be responsible for what Chiang family did, simply because he is Chiang’s descendant,” he said. 

Huang Shan-shan, Taipei’s former deputy mayor and independent candidate, also took a dig at Chiang, saying she was running on her own merits rather than family connections.

For the DPP, a poor outcome on Saturday could serve as a blow to Tsai, whose term ends in 18 months. She may be forced to resign as party chair, giving her less influence over the party’s 2024 presidential nomination.

A win by Chiang could bolster the KMT’s fortunes. KMT Chairman Eric Chu, who lost to Tsai in 2016, is widely seen as the party’s candidate for the next presidential race, but many say success as mayor could lead to Chiang’s nomination in the future. 

Kharis Templeman, research fellow at the Hoover Institution, said the relatively young Chiang was KMT’s best bet at a comeback, but added that the party still had more work to do to prove its relevance.

“It needs to find ways to reassure Taiwanese voters that it would take security and sovereignty equally as serious as the DPP,” he said. 

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Finanza e Sistema Bancario, Geopolitica Asiatica

Vietnam. Aumenterà i tassi di interesse di 100 punti base. Pil proiettato allo 8%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-27.

Vietnam Britannica 001

                         La banca centrale del Vietnam ha dichiarato lunedì di voler aumentare i tassi di interesse di 100 punti base, il secondo aumento in un mese, nel tentativo di prevenire i rischi di inflazione, mantenere la stabilità e proteggere il sistema bancario. Con effetto da martedì, il tasso di rifinanziamento sarà portato al 6.0% e il tasso di sconto al 4.5%.

                         Il Vietnam, come la maggior parte dei suoi vicini del sud-est asiatico, ha affrontato una pressione al rialzo dell’inflazione e ha visto la sua valuta subire un colpo negli ultimi mesi, con il dong che ha perso il 9% rispetto al dollaro quest’anno. La SBV ha dichiarato che il livello di inflazione globale rimane elevato e che la Fed ha alzato i tassi cinque volte di recente, con ulteriori rialzi previsti per il resto dell’anno e per il 2023.

                         Il principale indice azionario del Paese ha toccato lunedì il livello più basso dal gennaio 2020 e ha chiuso in ribasso del 3.3%, recuperando leggermente il calo del 4.11% precedente. Il dong è salito dello 0.04% rispetto al dollaro alla chiusura, dopo essere crollato a un nuovo minimo storico per la tredicesima sessione consecutiva. Il governo ha dichiarato che quest’anno la crescita del PIL potrebbe raggiungere l’8%, battendo l’obiettivo ufficiale di un’espansione del 6.0%-6.5% e più velocemente rispetto alla crescita del 2.58% dell’anno scorso.

* * * * * * *

«Vietnam’s central bank on Monday said it would raise its policy rates by 100 basis points, the second increase in a month, in what it said was an effort to head off inflation risks, maintain stability and protect its banking system. Effective Tuesday, the refinancing rate will be increased to 6.0% and the discount rate to 4.5%»

«Vietnam, like most of its Southeast Asian neighbours, has faced upward pressure on inflation and has seen its currency take a hit in recent months, with the dong losing 9% against the dollar this year. The SBV said the global inflation level remains high and the Fed had raised its rates five times recently, with more hikes expected during the rest of this year and 2023.»

«The country’s main stock index (.VNI) hit its lowest level since January 2020 earlier on Monday and closed down 3.3%, recovering slightly from 4.11% fall earlier. The dong edged up 0.04% against the dollar at the close, having earlier slumped to a fresh record low for a 13th consecutive session. The government has said this year’s GDP growth could reach 8%, beating an official target for 6.0%-6.5% expansion and faster than the 2.58% growth last year.»

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Vietnam cenbank raises policy rates by 100 bps

Hanoi, Oct 24 (Reuters) – Vietnam’s central bank on Monday said it would raise its policy rates by 100 basis points, the second increase in a month, in what it said was an effort to head off inflation risks, maintain stability and protect its banking system.

Effective Tuesday, the refinancing rate will be increased to 6.0% and the discount rate to 4.5%, the State Bank of Vietnam (SBV) said in a statement.

Vietnam, like most of its Southeast Asian neighbours, has faced upward pressure on inflation and has seen its currency take a hit in recent months, with the dong losing 9% against the dollar this year.

The SBV said the global inflation level remains high and the Fed had raised its rates five times recently, with more hikes expected during the rest of this year and 2023.

“This, coupled with the strengthening of the dollar, has put pressure on domestic interest rates and exchange rate,” SBV said.

Vietnam’s prime minister last week said Vietnam would keep prices in check and pursue flexible, prudent monetary policy throughout next year, noting that uncertainty over energy prices and the war in Ukraine were behind inflationary pressure.

The country’s main stock index (.VNI) hit its lowest level since January 2020 earlier on Monday and closed down 3.3%, recovering slightly from 4.11% fall earlier.

The dong edged up 0.04% against the dollar at the close, having earlier slumped to a fresh record low for a 13th consecutive session.

Market analysts had earlier said a faster-than-expected gross domestic product growth for this year has offered the central bank some room to raise its policy rates.

The government has said this year’s GDP growth could reach 8%, beating an official target for 6.0%-6.5% expansion and faster than the 2.58% growth last year.

Consumer prices in September rose 4.01% from the end of last year, slightly higher than a government target of 4.0% for the year.

The central bank on Oct. 17 widened the exchange rate trading band to 5.0% from 3.0%, following a sharp fall in the dong currency resulting from fluctuations in the global market.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Asiatica

Indonesia. Aderisce al Rcep. La Cina si espande nell’Oceano Pacifico. Esclude gli Usa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-06.

Indonesia 005

«The RCEP, which is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-led Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), covers nearly a third of the world’s population and about 30% of its gross domestic product»

«Il RCEP, considerato un’alternativa all’Accordo globale e progressivo di partenariato trans-pacifico (CPTPP) guidato dagli Stati Uniti, copre quasi un terzo della popolazione mondiale e circa il 30% del prodotto interno lordo»

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«The company will build a $3.5 billion smelter with the capacity to produce 150,000 tonnes of nickel sulfate per year, LGES officials told Indonesian President Joko Widodo at a ceremony in Batang industrial park in Central Java, which was broadcast live. LGES and Indonesian state miner Aneka Tambang (Antam) will sign an agreement in September to jointly invest in a $300 million nickel mine in the eastern island of Halmahera to produce 16 million tonnes of nickel ore, LGES President Lee Bang-Soo said. With the world’s biggest nickel reserves, Indonesia has ambitions to become a major producer of nickel-based products» [Fonte]

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«Countries in East Asia region have thriving trade and economic relations with each other through free trade agreements. In August 2012, the 16 Economic Ministers endorsed the Guiding Principles and Objectives for Negotiating the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership. The RCEP negotiations were launched by Leaders from 10 ASEAN Member States (Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam) and six ASEAN FTA partners (Australia, People’s Republic of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, and New Zealand) during the 21st ASEAN Summit and Related Summits in Phnom Penh, Cambodia in November 2012» [Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership]

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Il Parlamento indonesiano ha approvato martedì una legge che sancisce l’adesione del Paese al Partenariato Economico Regionale Complessivo (RCEP), sostenuto dalla Cina, rendendo l’Indonesia l’ultima nazione del Sud-Est asiatico ad entrare nel più grande blocco commerciale del mondo. Il ministro del Commercio indonesiano Zulkifli Hasan ha dichiarato che il RCEP stimolerà il commercio, gli investimenti diretti e aumenterà la crescita del PIL del Paese.

Il RCEP, considerato un’alternativa all’Accordo globale e progressivo di partenariato trans-pacifico (CPTPP) guidato dagli Stati Uniti, copre quasi un terzo della popolazione mondiale e circa il 30% del prodotto interno lordo. È stato inizialmente concordato dai leader di 15 Paesi dell’Asia-Pacifico nel novembre 2020. Il patto, che non include gli Stati Uniti, è entrato in vigore il 1° gennaio di quest’anno dopo che sette nazioni del Sud-Est asiatico e Australia, Cina, Giappone e Nuova Zelanda lo hanno ratificato l’anno scorso.

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«Indonesia’s parliament on Tuesday passed a law cementing the country’s membership of the China-backed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), making it the latest Southeast Asian nation to join the world’s biggest trade bloc. Indonesian Trade Minister Zulkifli Hasan said the RCEP would boost trade, direct investment and increase the country’s GDP growth»

«The RCEP, which is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-led Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), covers nearly a third of the world’s population and about 30% of its gross domestic product. It was initially agreed by leaders of 15 Asia-Pacific countries in November 2020. The pact, which does not include the United States, entered into force on Jan. 1 this year after seven nations in Southeast Asia, and Australia, China, Japan, and New Zealand ratified the pact last year.»

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Indonesia parliament approves membership of China-backed regional trade deal

JAKARTA, Aug 30 (Reuters) – Indonesia’s parliament on Tuesday passed a law cementing the country’s membership of the China-backed Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), making it the latest Southeast Asian nation to join the world’s biggest trade bloc.

Lawmakers also ratified a bilateral trade pact with South Korea, hoping to attract investment to develop the electric vehicle and batteries industry in the Southeast Asian country.

Indonesian Trade Minister Zulkifli Hasan said the RCEP would boost trade, direct investment and increase the country’s GDP growth by 0.07 percentage point.

“We describe this agreement as a toll way to enter the global market, and it is time for Indonesia to storm the international markets,” he told lawmakers.

The RCEP, which is seen as an alternative to the U.S.-led Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), covers nearly a third of the world’s population and about 30% of its gross domestic product. It was initially agreed by leaders of 15 Asia-Pacific countries in November 2020.

The pact, which does not include the United States, entered into force on Jan. 1 this year after seven nations in Southeast Asia, and Australia, China, Japan, and New Zealand ratified the pact last year.

Under the agreement with South Korea, Jakarta and Seoul will eliminate more than 92% and 95% of tariff lines respectively. Indonesia will give preferential tariffs to support Korean investment in areas ranging from automobiles to apparel, Indonesia’s Trade Ministry said in a statement following the deal signing in 2020.

South Korean companies such as Hyundai Motor Group and LG Energy Solution are currently among top investors in the electric vehicle and battery industry in Indonesia as it looks to take advantage of its rich nickel reserves.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica Asiatica

Indonesia. 2022Q2. Pil +5.4 yoy, Export +19.7% yoy, Import -12.3% yoy.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-09-01.

Indonesia 005

Indonesia: La crescita del PIL registra la migliore lettura in un anno nel 2° trimestre

La crescita del PIL ha raggiunto il 5.4% su base annua nel secondo trimestre, dal 5.0% del primo trimestre. La lettura del secondo trimestre ha segnato l’aumento più rapido dal secondo trimestre del 2021 ed è risultata superiore alle aspettative del mercato.

Il miglioramento è stato in gran parte determinato dalla spesa delle famiglie e dalla solidità del settore estero. I consumi privati hanno registrato un’accelerazione del 5.5% a/a nel secondo trimestre, segnando la lettura migliore dal secondo trimestre del 2021 (primo trimestre: +4.3% a/a). I consumi pubblici, invece, sono scesi a un ritmo più moderato del 5.2% nel 2° trimestre (1° trimestre: -7.6% a/a), mentre la crescita degli investimenti fissi è scesa al 3.1% nel 2° trimestre (1° trimestre: +4.1% a/a), segnando la lettura peggiore da un anno a questa parte.

Le esportazioni di beni e servizi sono aumentate del 19.7% su base annua nel secondo trimestre, superando l’espansione del 16.7% del primo trimestre. Al contrario, la crescita delle importazioni di beni e servizi è scesa al 12.3% nel 2° trimestre (1° trimestre: +15.9% a/a), segnando la lettura più bassa dal 1° trimestre 2021.

Su base trimestrale destagionalizzata, l’economia ha registrato un’espansione dell’1.0% nel 2° trimestre, in calo rispetto all’aumento dell’1.2% del trimestre precedente.

Commentando le prospettive, Nicholas Mapa, economista senior di ING, ha osservato che:

“Il rallentamento della crescita globale potrebbe pesare sulle prospettive di crescita delle esportazioni, soprattutto se un rallentamento della crescita si traduce in un calo dei prezzi del carbone. Sul fronte interno, l’accelerazione sostenuta dell’inflazione globale potrebbe finire per sottrarre un po’ di slancio alla spesa delle famiglie e trascinare il PIL complessivo. […] Tuttavia, l’eventuale rialzo dei tassi della Banca d’Indonesia (alla fine del terzo trimestre o all’inizio del quarto), unito all’accelerazione dell’inflazione, potrebbe rallentare l’economia indonesiana, con un PIL che potrebbe attestarsi al 4.6% per l’intero anno”.

I panelisti di FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast prevedono un’espansione del PIL del 5.2% nel 2022, invariata rispetto alle previsioni del mese scorso. Nel 2023, il PIL dovrebbe crescere del 5.2%.

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Indonesia: GDP growth records best reading in a year in Q2

GDP growth gained steam to 5.4% year on year in the second quarter, from 5.0% in the first quarter. Q2’s reading marked the fastest increase since Q2 2021 and came in above market expectations.

Looking at the release, the improvement was largely driven by household spending and a robust external sector. Private consumption accelerated to 5.5% yoy in the second quarter, which marked the best reading since Q2 2021 (Q1: +4.3% yoy). Government consumption, meanwhile, dropped at a more moderate pace of 5.2% in Q2 (Q1: -7.6% yoy), while fixed investment growth fell to 3.1% in Q2 (Q1: +4.1% yoy), marking the worst reading for a year.

Exports of goods and services increased 19.7% on an annual basis in the second quarter, which was above the first quarter’s 16.7% expansion. Conversely, imports of goods and services growth waned to 12.3% in Q2 (Q1: +15.9% yoy), marking the lowest reading since Q1 2021.

On a seasonally-adjusted quarter-on-quarter basis, the economy expanded 1.0% in Q2, ticking down from the prior quarter’s 1.2% rise.

Commenting on the outlook, Nicholas Mapa, senior economist at ING, noted:

“Slower global growth could weigh on export growth prospects, especially if a slower growth outlook translates to sliding coal prices. On the domestic front, the sustained acceleration in headline inflation could eventually sap some momentum from household spending and drag on overall GDP. […] However, the eventual BI [Bank Indonesia] rate hike (in late 3Q or early 4Q) coupled with accelerating inflation could eventually slow Indonesia’s economy with full-year GDP likely at 4.6% for the year.”

FocusEconomics Consensus Forecast panelists expect GDP to expand 5.2% in 2022, which is unchanged from last month’s forecast. In 2023, GDP is seen growing 5.2%.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Isole Solomon. Negano attracco e rifornimento ad un guardiacoste americano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-29.

2022-08-28__ isole solomon 001

Le posizioni politiche delle Isole Solomon sono ben note.

Samoa. Dopo gli accordi con le Isole Solomon Pechino ratifica un accordo con Samoa.

Cina. Raduna in riunione le Isole del Pacifico ma il consenso totale sarebbe prematuro.

Scacchiere del Pacifico. Cina ed Australia si confrontano per aumentare la loro influenza politica.

Isole Salomone. Sono entrate nel patrocinio politico e militare della Cina.

Cina, Taiwan ed Isole Salomone. La mutazione è iniziata.

Cina alla conquista dell’Oceano Pacifico.

Solomon Islands breaks ties with Taiwan after Chinese ‘dollar diplomacy’

Taiwan president condemns China’s ‘dollar diplomacy’ as Solomon Islands switches allegiance to Beijing.

Questa nuova débâcle di Joe Biden segna la tappa epocale della perdita di controllo delle UN.

Guerra sinoamericana sui cavi internet e telefonici sottomarini. Il cavo ‘Peace’.

Solomon Islands breaks ties with Taiwan after Chinese ‘dollar diplomacy’

Nessun stupore quindi che una nave della Guardia Costiera degli Stati Uniti non sia potuta entrare nelle Isole Salomone per uno scalo di routine.

* * * * * * *

Una nave della Guardia Costiera degli Stati Uniti non è potuta entrare nelle Isole Salomone per uno scalo di routine perché il governo delle Isole Salomone non ha risposto alla richiesta di rifornimento e approvvigionamento.

Le Isole Salomone hanno un rapporto teso con gli Stati Uniti e i loro alleati da quando, a maggio, hanno stretto un patto di sicurezza con la Cina. Il governo delle Salomone e Pechino hanno escluso una base militare cinese sulle isole, anche se una bozza trapelata mostra che l’accordo di sicurezza consentirebbe alla marina cinese di attraccare e rifornirsi.

L’USCGC Oliver Henry era di pattuglia per la pesca illegale nel Pacifico meridionale per conto di un’agenzia regionale per la pesca quando non è riuscito ad ottenere l’ingresso per il rifornimento a Honiara, la capitale delle Salomone. La nave statunitense è stata dirottata in Papua Nuova Guinea. I programmi delle navi sono sottoposti a costante revisione ed è prassi che cambino.

* * * * * * *

«A United States Coast Guard vessel was unable to enter Solomon Islands for a routine port call because the Solomon Islands government did not respond to a request for it to refuel and provision»

«The Solomon Islands has had a tense relationship with the United States and its allies since striking a security pact with China in May. The Solomons’ government and Beijing have ruled out a Chinese military base on the islands, although a leaked draft showed the security agreement would allow the Chinese navy to dock and replenish»

«The USCGC Oliver Henry was on patrol for illegal fishing in the South Pacific for a regional fisheries agency when it failed to obtain entry to refuel at Honiara, the Solomons’ capital. The U.S. vessel was diverted to Papua New Guinea instead. Ships’ programmes are under constant review, and it is routine practice for them to change.»

* * * * * * *


U.S. coastguard vessel unable to refuel in Solomon Islands – official

Sydney, Aug 26 (Reuters) – A United States Coast Guard vessel was unable to enter Solomon Islands for a routine port call because the Solomon Islands government did not respond to a request for it to refuel and provision, a U.S. official said.

The islands’ government did not immediately answer a Reuters request for comment. The Solomon Islands has had a tense relationship with the United States and its allies since striking a security pact with China in May.  

The USCGC Oliver Henry was on patrol for illegal fishing in the South Pacific for a regional fisheries agency when it failed to obtain entry to refuel at Honiara, the Solomons’ capital, a U.S. Coast Guard press officer told Reuters in an emailed statement.

The U.S. vessel was diverted to Papua New Guinea instead, the official said.

The British navy declined to comment on social media reports that patrol vessel HMS Spey, also taking part in Operation Island Chief to monitor for illegal fishing in the economic exclusion zones of Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu, was declined port access by the Solomon Islands.

“Ships’ programmes are under constant review, and it is routine practice for them to change. For reasons of operational security we do not discuss details,” a Royal Navy spokesman said in an emailed statement.

The Solomons’ government and Beijing have ruled out a Chinese military base on the islands, although a leaked draft showed the security agreement would allow the Chinese navy to dock and replenish.

The fisheries agency for the Pacific Islands Forum, a block of 17 Pacific nations, has a maritime surveillance centre in Honiara, and holds annual surveillance operations for illegal fishing with assistance from Australia, United States, New Zealand and France.  

The USCGC Oliver Henry was scheduled for a routine logistics port call in the Solomon Islands, Kristin Kam, public affairs officer for the U.S. Coast Guard in Hawaii told Reuters in an emailed statement.

“The Government of the Solomon Islands did not respond to the U.S. Government’s request for diplomatic clearance for the vessel to refuel and provision in Honiara,” she said.

“The U.S. Department of State is in contact with the Government of the Solomon Islands and expect all future clearances will be provided to U.S. ships,” she added.

HMS Spey had Fiji navy officers on board as it worked alongside long-range maritime patrol aircraft from Australia and New Zealand and the US Coast Guard in the operation to gather information for the Pacific Islands Forum fisheries agency, the Royal Navy said in a statement on Thursday.

It carried out inspections of suspect vessels in ports as well as boardings at sea, the statement said.

The Royal Navy spokesman said it “looks forward to visiting the Solomon Islands at a later date”.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica, Problemi militari, Stati Uniti

Cina e Formosa. Xi ed il trionfo della scuola mandarinica. L’occidente è stato sgominato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-11.

2022-08-10__ China Drills 001

«The exercise demonstrated that blockade in a conflict need not require a constant naval presence offshore»

«L’esercitazione ha dimostrato che il blocco in un conflitto non richiede necessariamente una presenza navale costante al largo»

Cina e Formosa. Report numerico che ne quantizza i rapporti

Gli occidentali non si sono mai peritati di studiare a fondo la storia e la cultura cinese né, tanto meno, la storia e la Weltanschauung della scuola mandarinica. Per non parlare poi di conoscere la lingua cinese. Sono convinti di essere una razza superiore, come quella che i russi fecero sfilare per le strade di Mosca. Sono convinti che tutto il mondo debba parlare inglese e condividere gioiosamente la loro ideologia.

La vittoria arride invece alla Cina ed a Mr Xi, potentemente aiutati dalla ottusa superbia occidentale.

* * * * * * *

Le esercitazioni militari cinesi dimostrano che Pechino non ha bisogno di invadere Taiwan per controllarla, ma può strangolare l’isola autogovernata, tagliandola fuori dal mondo esterno. Le esercitazioni dell’Esercito Popolare di Liberazione (PLA), iniziate ufficialmente giovedì scorso, si sono concentrate su sei zone che hanno essenzialmente circondato Taiwan, limitando l’accesso alle navi e agli aerei civili nell’area, mentre le forze armate hanno condotto esercitazioni a fuoco vivo e lanci di missili. Le sei aree sono state scelte per mostrare come la Cina potrebbe tagliare i porti di Taiwan, attaccare le sue installazioni militari più importanti e tagliare l’accesso alle forze straniere che potrebbero venire in aiuto di Taiwan.

Collegare le sei aree in una linea, come un cappio, con il nodo del cappio proprio in direzione sud-ovest. Il Partito Comunista Cinese considera la democratica Taiwan come un suo territorio, nonostante non l’abbia mai controllata. L’unione di Taiwan con la terraferma è una pietra miliare della politica cinese e il presidente Xi Jinping non ha escluso l’uso della forza per riportare l’isola sotto il controllo di Pechino.

Le aree di esercitazione settentrionali sono riuscite a isolare Taiwan da Okinawa, l’isola dove sia il Giappone che gli Stati Uniti basano ingenti risorse militari. Nelle aree meridionali, il PLA ha dimostrato di poter controllare il Canale di Bashi, unica via di accesso e di uscita dal Mar Cinese Meridionale, ha aggiunto. E nelle zone orientali, le forze cinesi hanno dimostrato che un accurato fuoco missilistico cinese può costringere le navi da guerra straniere ad allontanarsi dalle acque di Taiwan.

Nei giorni precedenti, il PLA ha anche sparato razzi verso piccole isole controllate da Taiwan vicino alla terraferma e ha lanciato missili balistici più lontano, alcuni dei quali hanno sorvolato Taiwan e sono caduti nell’oceano a est dell’isola. Cinque sono caduti nella zona economica esclusiva del Giappone, un messaggio a uno dei principali sostenitori di Taiwan e al governo di Taipei.

Le navi e gli aerei commerciali sono stati avvertiti di non avvicinarsi alle zone di esercitazione, costringendo i trasportatori e le compagnie aeree a organizzare rotte alternative. Il blocco di sei zone ha dimostrato che qualsiasi conquista di Taiwan potrebbe iniziare con una strategia di isolamento. L’esercitazione ha dimostrato che il blocco in un conflitto non richiede necessariamente una presenza navale costante al largo, ma piuttosto il traffico marittimo e aereo può essere scoraggiato da minacce aeree e missilistiche a sostegno di un blocco marittimo.

Le dimensioni, l’estensione geografica e la complessità dell’esercitazione riflettono mesi di pianificazione. Nulla permette di conoscere meglio le reali capacità di un esercito che vederle schierate.

* * * * * * *

«China’s military exercises show Beijing doesn’t need to invade Taiwan to control it — rather it can strangle the self-ruled island, cutting it off from the outside world. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) drills, which officially began last Thursday, focused on six zones that essentially encircled Taiwan, restricting access to civilian ships and aircraft in the area, as forces conducted live-fire drills and missile launches. The six areas were chosen to show how China could cut off Taiwan’s ports, attack its most important military installations, and sever access for foreign forces that may come to Taiwan’s aid.

«Connect the six areas in a line, like a noose, with the knot of the noose right in the southwest direction. China’s Communist Party views democratic Taiwan as its territory — despite never having controlled it. Uniting Taiwan with the mainland is a cornerstone of Chinese policy and President Xi Jinping has not ruled out the use of force to bring the island under Beijing’s control»

«The northern exercise areas had successfully sealed off Taiwan from Okinawa, the island where both Japan and the United States base substantial military assets. In the southern areas, the PLA showed it could control the Bashi Channel,  only way to enter and exit the South China Sea, he said. And in the eastern areas, China’s forces showed that accurate Chinese missile fire could force foreign warships to back away from Taiwan’s waters»

«On previous days, the PLA also fired rockets toward small, Taiwan-controlled islands near the mainland, and launched ballistic missiles farther afield, with some flying over Taiwan and falling in the ocean east of the island. Five splashed down in Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone — a message to one of Taiwan’s key supporters as well as the government in Taipei»

«Commercial ships and aircraft were warned to stay clear of the exercise zones, forcing shippers and airlines to arrange alternative routes. The blockade of six zones showed that any takeover of Taiwan could begin with an isolation strategy. The exercise demonstrated that blockade in a conflict need not require a constant naval presence offshore, but rather, shipping and air traffic can be deterred by air and missile threats in support of a maritime blockade»

«The size, geographic expanse and complexity of the exercise reflected months of planning. Nothing provides better insights into the actual capability of a military than seeing them deployed»

* * * * * * *


China drills show Beijing is developing the ability to strangle Taiwan, experts say

Seoul, South Korea (CNN). China’s military exercises show Beijing doesn’t need to invade Taiwan to control it — rather it can strangle the self-ruled island, cutting it off from the outside world, Chinese and American analysts say.

The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) drills, which officially began last Thursday, focused on six zones that essentially encircled Taiwan, restricting access to civilian ships and aircraft in the area, as forces conducted live-fire drills and missile launches.

Meng Xiangqing, a professor at the PLA National Defense University, said the six areas were chosen to show how China could cut off Taiwan’s ports, attack its most important military installations, and sever access for foreign forces that may come to Taiwan’s aid.

“Connect the six areas in a line, like a noose, with the knot of the noose right in the southwest direction,” Meng said in an interview with state-run broadcaster CCTV.

China’s Communist Party views democratic Taiwan as its territory — despite never having controlled it. Uniting Taiwan with the mainland is a cornerstone of Chinese policy and President Xi Jinping has not ruled out the use of force to bring the island under Beijing’s control.

Meng noted the northern exercise areas had successfully sealed off Taiwan from Okinawa, the island where both Japan and the United States base substantial military assets. In the southern areas, the PLA showed it could control the Bashi Channel, “the only way to enter and exit the South China Sea,” he said. And in the eastern areas, China’s forces showed that accurate Chinese missile fire could force foreign warships to back away from Taiwan’s waters, he added.

“This is an unprecedented encirclement of Taiwan Island,” Meng said.

And on Monday, China issued a notice to say drills were continuing.

                         A trigger for long-planned exercises

The exercises kicked off after US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi angered Beijing by visiting Taipei last week to show her support for democracy on the island.

Beijing flooded the seas and skies around Taiwan with ships and jets — as many as 80 Chinese warplanes and vessels were detected in the Taiwan Strait Sunday, according to Taiwan’s Defense Ministry.

On previous days, the PLA also fired rockets toward small, Taiwan-controlled islands near the mainland, and launched ballistic missiles farther afield, with some flying over Taiwan and falling in the ocean east of the island. Five splashed down in Japan’s Exclusive Economic Zone — a message to one of Taiwan’s key supporters as well as the government in Taipei.

A map of the six Chinese exercise areas “clearly plots out where the Chinese think the key operating areas are for their strategic intimidation of Taiwan,” Mick Ryan, an adjunct fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and former Australian Army general, wrote on Twitter.

Commercial ships and aircraft were warned to stay clear of the exercise zones, forcing shippers and airlines to arrange alternative routes.

Carl Schuster, a former director of operations at the US Pacific Command’s Joint Intelligence Center in Hawaii said the blockade of six zones showed that any takeover of Taiwan could begin with an isolation strategy.

“The exercise demonstrated that blockade in a conflict need not require a constant naval presence offshore, but rather, shipping and air traffic can be deterred by air and missile threats in support of a maritime blockade,” Schuster said.

“The exercise … suggests Beijing would first isolate Taiwan and resort to air and missile strikes in hopes of breaking Taipei’s political will. A costly invasion probably is a last resort,” Schuster said.

                         What could come next

Schuster said much of what Beijing demonstrated had long been in the works. The drills coincided with standard military exercises on the PLA’s training calendar, but he said Pelosi’s visit allowed China to make a bigger statement.

“The size, geographic expanse and complexity of the exercise reflected months of planning,” he said. “This exercise marks the latest escalation in China’s expanding military exercise and Taiwan-intimidation campaign.”

He said he expects the PLA will continue to put pressure on Taiwan, and could also send a message to Japan with more drills to the north of the island.

New exercises are also likely in the South China Sea, the 1.3 million square miles of water, almost all of which China claims as its sovereign territory, where Beijing has built up military fortifications on contested islands, Schuster said.

While continuing exercises will allow the PLA to refine its tactics and operations, they also can provide an opportunity for adversaries to learn about the modern Chinese military, experts say.

“Nothing provides better insights into the actual capability of a military than seeing them deployed,” Ryan, the former Australian Army general, wrote on Twitter.

With last week’s drills, Xi had to demonstrate he would not waver on his commitment to bringing Taiwan under Beijing’s control, Schuster said. Pelosi’s visit to the island posed a direct threat to that by presenting an alternative vision of democracy.

“(Pelosi) leads the democratically elected branch that originates America’s government funding and economic policies. Her position and role makes her commitment to Taiwan’s security particularly significant,” Schuster said.

“Unable to bully her, Xi had to demonstrate China’s power — diplomatic, economic and military,” he said.

While the military exercises gave Xi strong visuals to support his resolve, China also hit Pelosi and the US government with a range of sanctions.

The measures include the cancellation of future phone calls and meetings between Chinese and US military leaders and the suspension of cooperation on matters including the repatriation of illegal immigrants, legal assistance on criminal matters and the combat of transnational crimes. Talks on climate change were also suspended.

Beijing also announced measures targeting Pelosi and members of her immediate family.

“The goal is intimidation via the application of all elements of Chinese power,” Schuster said.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica

Filippine. Ricordo ed eredità di Mr Rodrigo Duterte, ex-presidente.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-06.

Filippine 010

La posizione strategica delle Filippine è di per sé evidente. Ad est danno sull’Oceano Pacifico ed ad ovest sul Mare Cinese.

Filippine. Il Presidente Marcos fa le prime nomine governative. Segni di continuità.

Filippine. Marcos ha discusso con un inviato di Washington i problemi della difesa.

Filippine. Marcos intende entrare nella sfera di influenza cinese. Usa perde il Pacifico.

Filippine. Marcos intende entrare nella sfera di influenza cinese. Usa perde il Pacifico.

Filippine. Stop all’accordo militare con Washington.

Scacchiere indo-pacifico. Rifiuta di ospitare missili intermedi americani.

Cina. Acre requisitoria agli Stati Uniti che hanno causato il conflitto russo-ukraino.

* * *

Gli Stati Uniti hanno sempre trattato le Filippine come se fossero state loro proprietà personale. Peccato mortale l’aver cercato di imporre i canoni dell’ideologia liberal, del tutto aliena alla mentalità di quel popolo.

Ma il mondo è mutato e la Cina è entrata con passo sicuro nell’arena internazionale, ben attenta a rispettare la sovranità nazionale su base paritetica. E per di più con il portafoglio pieno.

Mr Rodrigo Duterte aprì a consolidati rapporti con la Cina, attirandosi immediatamente gli strali dei liberal americani, che gli affibbiarono impotenti nomignoli ignominiosi. Ultimo, il Donald Trump dell’Est. Massimo insulto per un liberal.

È cosa sequenziale che i liberal, che contano il 29% della popolazione drogata con droghe maggiori, avessero come obiettivo quello di piegare le Filippine introducendovi massicciamente la droga.

Mal gliene incolse.

Duterte dispose che la polizia potesse abbattere gli spacciatori, e questa fece una concreta bonifica.

Non esiste guerra senza caduti, e Duterte risolse in breve il problema, nell’ira furibonda dei liberal.

La sua eredità merita di essere ricordata.

* * * * * * *

Il Punitore, il Dirty Harry, il Donald Trump dell’Est.

Questi sono i soprannomi dati al presidente Rodrigo Duterte, un populista focoso che ha condotto una guerra mortale alla droga nelle Filippine.

Eppure Duterte rimane popolare presso un’ampia base, il che ha aiutato l’alleanza che include sua figlia a ottenere la più grande vittoria in quattro decenni nella corsa alla sua successione.

I dati elettorali mostrano che Marcos è in debito con i Duterte per l’ampio margine di vittoria.

Sara Duterte ha vinto la sua corsa con un margine ancora maggiore.

Ma i nuovi funzionari devono affrontare una montagna di sfide, tra cui l’inflazione crescente e il debito pubblico che è aumentato a causa della pandemia.

Rifletteva il pivot verso la Cina – e l’allontanamento dagli Stati Uniti – che Duterte ha iniziato subito dopo il suo insediamento.

I prestiti e le sovvenzioni cinesi alle Filippine hanno raggiunto i 621 milioni di dollari nel 2020, rispetto agli 1.6 milioni di dollari del 2016, mentre gli investimenti si sono riversati nelle telecomunicazioni e in altri settori.

L’anno successivo, Duterte ha dichiarato che avrebbe ignorato una sentenza di un tribunale internazionale che affermava le rivendicazioni territoriali del suo Paese nel Mar Cinese Meridionale per portare avanti un accordo di esplorazione petrolifera congiunta con la Cina.

La guerra della droga ha ucciso più di 6.000 persone, secondo i dati del governo.

Il suo indice di gradimento ha raggiunto un record nel 2020 e anche la risposta del suo governo alla crisi sanitaria è stata accolta positivamente.

Il suo critico più aspro, la senatrice Leila de Lima, è in carcere dal 2017 per accuse di droga.

* * * * * * *

«The Punisher. Dirty Harry. Donald Trump of the East»

«These were nicknames given to President Rodrigo Duterte, a fiery populist who waged a deadly war on drugs in the Philippines»

«Yet Duterte remains popular with a wide base — which helped the alliance that included his daughter pull off the biggest win in four decades in the race to succeed him»

«Election data show that Marcos owes the Dutertes for the large margin of victory»

«Sara Duterte won her race by an even bigger amount»

«But the new officials face a mountain of challenges, including surging inflation and government debt that ballooned due to the pandemic»

«It reflected the pivot to China — and away from the US — that Duterte began soon after taking office»

«Chinese loans and grants to the Philippines were at $621 million in 2020, up from $1.6 million in 2016, as investments poured into telecommunications and other areas»

«The following year, Duterte said he’d ignore an international court ruling affirming his country’s territorial claims in the South China Sea to advance a joint oil exploration deal with China»

«The drug war killed more than 6,000, according to government data»

«His approval rating reached a record-high in 2020, and his government’s response to the health crisis was also received positively»

«His harshest critic, Senator Leila de Lima, has been jailed since 2017 on drug charges»

* * * * * * *


How Duterte’s Time in Power Shook Up the Philippines

The Punisher. Dirty Harry. Donald Trump of the East. These were nicknames given to President Rodrigo Duterte, a fiery populist who waged a deadly war on drugs in the Philippines. Elected in 2016, he scrambled the country’s international loyalties, shook up big business and angered women’s groups and the Catholic Church. And that was before missteps in handling the Covid-19 pandemic led to one of the highest case rates in Southeast Asia and tens of thousands of deaths, tanking the economy as well. Yet Duterte remains popular with a wide base — which helped the alliance that included his daughter pull off the biggest win in four decades in the race to succeed him.

  1. Why is Duterte leaving?

Duterte, who is 77, was limited by the constitution to one term, which ended on June 30, 2022. After considering various scenarios, he eventually decided to retire from politics. He backed his daughter, Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte, who ran for the vice presidency (which is elected separately) allied with former Senator Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos Jr., the late dictator’s son. Election data show that Marcos owes the Dutertes for the large margin of victory. Though Marcos beat runner-up Leni Robredo for the presidency by almost 31 percentage points in the May 9 election, Sara Duterte won her race by an even bigger amount. 

  1. What’s his economic record?

Rodrigo Duterte inherited a strong economy from his predecessor, Benigno “Noynoy” Aquino III, and kept growth running above 6% in his first four years as president, with jobless and poverty rates staying low. The Philippines also got its highest credit rating as tax overhauls were implemented, following on Aquino’s efforts to pursue tax evaders. Spending on infrastructure also increased. The pandemic reversed those gains, however. Two major contributors — remittances and domestic consumption — were gutted as businesses shut and overseas workers returned home or were idled. Gross domestic product plunged 9.6% in 2020, the largest drop since 1946, and unemployment climbed, especially in the Manila metro area, home to a third of the country’s economic activity. GDP growth returned in 2021 as virus restrictions eased, with a forecast for 2022 of 7% to 8% — among the fastest in Asia. But the new officials face a mountain of challenges, including surging inflation and government debt that ballooned due to the pandemic.

  1. How did Duterte handle the pandemic? 

Duterte used wide-scale lockdowns to stem the outbreak, tapping the police and military to enforce curbs on movement. Infections dropped early in 2021 but soared again with the spread of the more infectious delta variant, filling hospitals amid struggles with testing and tracing in a fragmented health system. The Philippines, which relied mostly on Chinese shots to start its vaccine drive, has lagged well behind most of its Southeast Asian neighbors in the percentage of the population inoculated. Case numbers were relatively low by mid-2022, after an omicron-driven wave early in the year. 

  1. Why Chinese vaccines?

It reflected the pivot to China — and away from the US — that Duterte began soon after taking office. Chinese loans and grants to the Philippines were at $621 million in 2020, up from $1.6 million in 2016, as investments poured into telecommunications and other areas. Trading ties were also strengthened, and Chinese visitors boosted Philippine tourism pre-pandemic. Online casinos employing and targeting mostly mainland Chinese boomed then too. In 2018, Xi Jinping became the first Chinese president to visit in over a decade. The following year, Duterte said he’d ignore an international court ruling affirming his country’s territorial claims in the South China Sea to advance a joint oil exploration deal with China. As his term wound down, however, promises of big-ticket projects and billions of dollars in investments from China were largely unfulfilled. Tensions over the South China Sea have flared again and oil exploration plans have stalled.

  1. How are things with the US?

Getting better after a rough patch. The two countries have been treaty allies since 1951, five years after the US granted the Philippines independence. Duterte, however, chafed at the relationship, questioning the US commitment and lashing out at what he perceived as US hypocrisy and meddling, often over his drug war. Early on he ended joint sea patrols and threatened to expel American soldiers. He even cursed then-President Barack Obama. Duterte dialed down his verbal attacks after President Donald Trump took office in 2017, and as naval tensions with China escalated. In July Duterte retracted his termination of a Visiting Forces Agreement with the US, allowing the two countries to continue military exercises — a major victory for Trump’s successor, President Joe Biden. (Duterte said later it was “just give and take” in exchange for donated US coronavirus vaccines.) The US will also resume projects in Philippine military bases as part of another defense pact.

  1. Is there still a war on drugs?

Duterte’s drug fight, which he had promised to complete in six months, went on despite the pandemic. It escalated “dramatically” during the lockdown in 2020, according to a Human Rights Watch report. The campaign targeted impoverished Filipinos mostly in urban areas, with the police and unidentified gunmen associated with the force committing thousands of extra-judicial killings, according to the report.

The drug war killed more than 6,000, according to government data, but human rights groups estimate the death toll is much higher. Judges at the International Criminal Court in The Hague in September 2021 authorized an investigation into possible crimes against humanity committed during the war on drugs, despite Duterte’s earlier withdrawal from the tribunal in protest. Duterte, in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly, criticized outside interference and said anyone who “acted beyond bounds” during the war on drugs would be held “accountable” by the Philippine justice system. The ICC suspended its investigation to assess the Philippines’ request to defer to its own probe. In June the ICC prosecutor asked for permission to resume his investigation, calling the deferral unwarranted. 

  1. How will he be remembered? 

His approval rating reached a record-high in 2020, and his government’s response to the health crisis was also received positively. But his popularity began to wane in 2021 as the pandemic dragged on. His harshest critic, Senator Leila de Lima, has been jailed since 2017 on drug charges that she calls politically motivated. He has also attacked the media, including prominent journalist Maria Ressa, who’s facing several court cases and was a co-winner of the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize for her “courageous fight for freedom of expression.” Her news website Rappler Inc. was facing the possibility of a shutdown in the waning days of Duterte’s administration, after the Securities and Exchange Commission stood by its decision to revoke the site’s license to operate.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica, Stati Uniti

Cambogia. La Cina costruirà un nuovo porto idoneo ad attracchi militari. Usa furiosi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-18.

Cambogia 005

Il nuovo porto, vicino a importanti rotte di navigazione e al conteso Mar Cinese Meridionale, sarà reso più profondo per consentire l’attracco di navi militari più grandi e comprenderà un impianto di manutenzione, uno bacino di carenaggio e un molo.

Gli Stati Uniti hanno sollevato “serie preoccupazioni” per il coinvolgimento della Cina nella base, affermando che questo mina la sicurezza regionale.

I legami tra Cambogia e Stati Uniti si sono logorati per anni a causa delle accuse degli Stati Uniti al Primo Ministro Hun Sen e al suo partito al potere di aver soffocato la democrazia attraverso la persecuzione dell’opposizione.

È il solito refrain dei liberal socialisti americani i quali si arrogano il diritto di giudicare se gli altri stati siano o meno democratici, intendendo per ‘democratici’ l’aver aderito alla loro ideologia. In caso contrario, rifiutano a priori ogni possibile rapporto politico ed economico. Va da sé che questi stati cerchino rapporti politici, economici e militari con quanti non si ingeriscano nelle situazioni interne, nel pieno rispetto reciproco.

La Cina  è interessata a rapporti economici e politici inter pares, escludendo a priori ogni qualsiasi ingerenza negli affari interni dei paesi.

Bene.

Adesso Joe Biden lanci pure tutti gli strali che vuole, tanto la Cambogia la ha persa, e con essa la sua posizione geopolitica e militare.

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In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«A Chinese official said on Wednesday an “iron-clad partnership” with Cambodia was bolstered by military cooperation, as work began on a China-funded upgrade of Cambodia’s biggest naval base that has raised U.S. concern about China’s growing influence»

«Cambodian Minister of Defence Tea Banh dismissed fears that Cambodia would let China build a military base on its soil, saying any country could use the facilities at the Ream naval base, while Cambodia was open to accepting military assistance from anyone»

«As a strong pillar of the iron-clad partnership, China Cambodia military cooperation is in the fundamental interests of our two nations and two peoples»

«The United States has raised “serious concerns” about China’s involvement with the base saying it undermines regional security»

«Cambodia-U.S. ties have been frayed for years over U.S. accusations that long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen and his ruling party have stifled democracy through the persecution of the opposition»

«The new port, near important shipping lanes and the contested South China Sea, will be deepened to allow larger military ships to dock, and will include a maintenance facility, drydock slipway and pier»

«The Kingdom of Cambodia will not allow a foreign military base on its own territory»

* * * * * * *


China hails “iron-clad” Cambodia ties as work begins on naval base

Phnom Penh, June 8 (Reuters) – A Chinese official said on Wednesday an “iron-clad partnership” with Cambodia was bolstered by military cooperation, as work began on a China-funded upgrade of Cambodia’s biggest naval base that has raised U.S. concern about China’s growing influence.

Cambodian Minister of Defence Tea Banh dismissed fears that Cambodia would let China build a military base on its soil, saying any country could use the facilities at the Ream naval base, while Cambodia was open to accepting military assistance from anyone.

“As a strong pillar of the iron-clad partnership, China Cambodia military cooperation is in the fundamental interests of our two nations and two peoples,” China’s ambassador to Cambodia, Wang Wentian, said in a speech at a ground-breaking ceremony at the base on the Gulf of Thailand.

The United States has raised “serious concerns” about China’s involvement with the base saying it undermines regional security.

Last year, the United States accused Cambodia of not being transparent about China’s role in upgrading the facility.  

Cambodia-U.S. ties have been frayed for years over U.S. accusations that long-serving Prime Minister Hun Sen and his ruling party have stifled democracy through the persecution of the opposition.

Hun Sen, dismissing such concerns, has moved close to China, which is by far the biggest investor in Cambodia.

The new port, near important shipping lanes and the contested South China Sea, will be deepened to allow larger military ships to dock, and will include a maintenance facility, drydock slipway and pier.  

Underlining Cambodia’s warm ties with China, Tea Banh this week posted pictures on social media of him taking a dip in the sea with Wang near the base.

But Tea Banh was also keen to allay fears in the United States and the region that Cambodia might open the door to China’s military.

“The Kingdom of Cambodia will not allow a foreign military base on its own territory,” he said in a speech on Wednesday.

* * * * * * *


La Cina saluta i legami con la Cambogia con l’inizio dei lavori per la base navale

Phnom Penh, 8 giugno (Reuters) – Un funzionario cinese ha dichiarato mercoledì che la cooperazione militare ha rafforzato la “partnership di ferro” con la Cambogia, in concomitanza con l’inizio dei lavori di ammodernamento della più grande base navale cambogiana, finanziata dalla Cina, che ha suscitato la preoccupazione degli Stati Uniti per la crescente influenza della Cina.

Il Ministro della Difesa cambogiano Tea Banh ha respinto i timori che la Cambogia permetta alla Cina di costruire una base militare sul suo territorio, affermando che qualsiasi Paese potrebbe utilizzare le strutture della base navale di Ream, mentre la Cambogia è aperta ad accettare assistenza militare da chiunque.

“Come forte pilastro del partenariato di ferro, la cooperazione militare Cina-Cambogia è nell’interesse fondamentale delle nostre due nazioni e dei nostri due popoli”, ha dichiarato l’ambasciatore cinese in Cambogia, Wang Wentian, in un discorso tenuto in occasione della cerimonia di posa della prima pietra della base sul Golfo di Thailandia.

Gli Stati Uniti hanno sollevato “serie preoccupazioni” per il coinvolgimento della Cina nella base, affermando che questo mina la sicurezza regionale.

L’anno scorso, gli Stati Uniti hanno accusato la Cambogia di non essere trasparente sul ruolo della Cina nel potenziamento della struttura. 

I legami tra Cambogia e Stati Uniti si sono logorati per anni a causa delle accuse degli Stati Uniti al Primo Ministro Hun Sen e al suo partito al potere di aver soffocato la democrazia attraverso la persecuzione dell’opposizione.

Hun Sen, respingendo tali preoccupazioni, si è avvicinato alla Cina, che è di gran lunga il maggior investitore in Cambogia.

Il nuovo porto, vicino a importanti rotte di navigazione e al conteso Mar Cinese Meridionale, sarà reso più profondo per consentire l’attracco di navi militari più grandi e comprenderà un impianto di manutenzione, uno scalo di carenaggio e un molo. 

A sottolineare i caldi legami della Cambogia con la Cina, questa settimana Tea Banh ha postato sui social media delle foto che lo ritraggono mentre fa un tuffo in mare con Wang vicino alla base.

Ma Tea Banh ha anche voluto fugare i timori degli Stati Uniti e della regione che la Cambogia possa aprire le porte all’esercito cinese.

“Il Regno di Cambogia non permetterà la presenza di una base militare straniera sul proprio territorio”, ha dichiarato in un discorso tenuto mercoledì.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Asiatica

Cina. Raduna in riunione le Isole del Pacifico ma il consenso totale sarebbe prematuro.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-06-03.

Isole Solomone 001

«Il ministro degli Esteri cinese Wang Yi lunedì ha esortato la regione del Pacifico a non essere “troppo ansiosa” riguardo agli obiettivi del suo Paese, dopo che un incontro alle Fiji con le sue controparti di 10 nazioni insulari non è riuscito a concordare un ampio comunicato sul commercio e la sicurezza»

«Wang ha ospitato l’incontro con i ministri degli Esteri delle nazioni insulari del Pacifico che hanno legami diplomatici con la Cina, a metà di un tour diplomatico nella regione, dove le ambizioni di Pechino di avere legami più ampi in materia di sicurezza hanno causato preoccupazione tra gli alleati degli Stati Uniti»

«Una bozza di comunicato e un piano d’azione quinquennale inviati dalla Cina alle nazioni invitate prima dell’incontro mostravano che la Cina stava cercando di ottenere un ampio accordo commerciale e di sicurezza regionale»

«Ma la bozza di comunicato, riportata per la prima volta da Reuters, ha suscitato l’opposizione di almeno una delle nazioni invitate, gli Stati Federati di Micronesia, secondo una lettera trapelata la scorsa settimana»

«Dopo l’incontro, che ha visto la partecipazione di Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua Nuova Guinea, Vanuatu, Isole Salomone, Niue e Vanuatu, Wang ha detto che le nazioni hanno concordato cinque aree di cooperazione, ma che sono necessarie ulteriori discussioni per dare forma a un maggiore consenso»

«Le cinque aree elencate comprendono la ripresa economica dopo la pandemia di COVID e nuovi centri per l’agricoltura e le catastrofi, ma non includono la sicurezza»

«Wang ha detto che alcuni hanno messo in dubbio le motivazioni che spingono la Cina ad essere così attiva nelle isole del Pacifico»

«Non siate troppo ansiosi e non siate troppo nervosi, perché lo sviluppo comune e la prosperità della Cina e di tutti gli altri Paesi in via di sviluppo significherebbe solo una grande armonia, una maggiore giustizia e un maggiore progresso del mondo intero»

«C’è stato un sostegno generale da parte dei 10 Paesi con cui abbiamo relazioni diplomatiche, ma naturalmente ci sono alcune preoccupazioni su alcune questioni specifiche»

«In un discorso scritto alla riunione, il presidente cinese Xi Jinping ha affermato che la Cina sarà sempre un buon amico dei Paesi insulari del Pacifico, indipendentemente dai cambiamenti della situazione internazionale»

«Gli Stati Uniti, l’Australia, il Giappone e la Nuova Zelanda hanno espresso preoccupazione per un patto di sicurezza firmato dalle Isole Salomone con la Cina il mese scorso, affermando che ha conseguenze regionali e potrebbe portare a una presenza militare cinese vicino all’Australia»

«Martedì Wang si recherà nel regno di Tonga, nel Pacifico meridionale, per una visita di due giorni»

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In calce riportiamo una traduzione in lingua italiana.

* * * * * * *

«China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Monday urged the Pacific region not to be “too anxious” about his country’s aims after a meeting in Fiji with his counterparts from 10 island nations was unable to agree to a sweeping trade and security communique»

«Wang hosted the meeting with foreign ministers from Pacific island nations with diplomatic ties with China midway through a diplomatic tour of the region where Beijing’s ambitions for wider security ties has caused concern among U.S. allies»

«A draft communique and five-year action plan sent by China to the invited nations ahead of the meeting showed China was seeking a sweeping regional trade and security agreement»

«But the draft communique, first reported by Reuters, prompted opposition from at least one of the invited nations, Federated States of Micronesia, according to a letter leaked last week»

«After the meeting, which included Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Niue and Vanuatu, Wang said the nations had agreed on five areas of cooperation, but further discussions were needed to shape more consensus»

«The five areas he listed included economic recovery after the COVID pandemic, and new centres for agriculture and disaster, but did not include security»

«Wang said some had questioned China’s motives in being so active in the Pacific islands»

«Don’t be too anxious and don’t be too nervous, because the common development and prosperity of China and all the other developing countries would only mean great harmony, greater justice and greater progress of the whole world»

«There has been general support from the 10 countries with which we have diplomatic relations, but of course there are some concerns on some specific issues»

«In a written address to the meeting, China’s President Xi Jinping said China will always be a good friend of Pacific Island countries no matter how the international situation changes»

«The United States, Australia, Japan and New Zealand have expressed concern about a security pact signed by Solomon Islands with China last month, saying it had regional consequences and could lead to a Chinese military presence close to Australia»

«Wang will travel to the South Pacific kingdom of Tonga for a two-day visit on Tuesday»

* * * * * * *


China, Pacific islands unable to reach consensus on security pact

May 30 (Reuters) – China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi on Monday urged the Pacific region not to be “too anxious” about his country’s aims after a meeting in Fiji with his counterparts from 10 island nations was unable to agree to a sweeping trade and security communique.

Wang hosted the meeting with foreign ministers from Pacific island nations with diplomatic ties with China midway through a diplomatic tour of the region where Beijing’s ambitions for wider security ties has caused concern among U.S. allies.

A draft communique and five-year action plan sent by China to the invited nations ahead of the meeting showed China was seeking a sweeping regional trade and security agreement.

But the draft communique, first reported by Reuters, prompted opposition from at least one of the invited nations, Federated States of Micronesia, according to a letter leaked last week.

After the meeting, which included Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, Niue and Vanuatu, Wang said the nations had agreed on five areas of cooperation, but further discussions were needed to shape more consensus.

The five areas he listed included economic recovery after the COVID pandemic, and new centres for agriculture and disaster, but did not include security.

“China will release its own position paper on our own positions and propositions and cooperation proposals with Pacific island countries, and going forward we will continue to have ongoing and in-depth discussions and consultations to shape more consensus on cooperation,” he told reporters in Fiji. Questions at the media briefing were not allowed.

Wang said some had questioned China’s motives in being so active in the Pacific islands, and his response was China supported developing countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean also.

“Don’t be too anxious and don’t be too nervous, because the common development and prosperity of China and all the other developing countries would only mean great harmony, greater justice and greater progress of the whole world,” he said.

Taking questions after Wang’s briefing, China’s Ambassador to Fiji, Qian Bo, said participants had agreed to discuss the draft communique and the five-year plan “until we have reached an agreement.”

“There has been general support from the 10 countries with which we have diplomatic relations, but of course there are some concerns on some specific issues.”

Fiji’s Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama told reporters the Pacific nations were prioritising consensus.

“Geopolitical point-scoring means less than little to anyone whose community is slipping beneath the rising seas, whose job is being lost to the pandemic, or whose family is impacted by the rapid rise in the price of commodities,” said Bainimarama.

In a written address to the meeting, China’s President Xi Jinping said China will always be a good friend of Pacific Island countries no matter how the international situation changes, China’s state-owned CCTV reported.  

                         PACIFIC TOUR

Several invited nations want to defer action on the draft communique or have it amended, an official from one Pacific country earlier told Reuters.

The United States, Australia, Japan and New Zealand have expressed concern about a security pact signed by Solomon Islands with China last month, saying it had regional consequences and could lead to a Chinese military presence close to Australia.

The new Australian government has made the Pacific islands an early foreign policy priority to counter Beijing’s push, despatching the foreign minister to Fiji with the message Australia would put new priority on the region’s biggest security challenge of climate change and announcing a new visa programme to allow Pacific island citizens to migrate.  

In Honiara last week, Wang condemned interference in the deal and said the Solomon Islands’ relationship with China was a model for other Pacific island nations.  

With borders closed across the region because of the COVID pandemic, most foreign ministers are attending the Fiji meeting by video link. In several Pacific countries, the foreign minister is also prime minister.

Wang will travel to the South Pacific kingdom of Tonga for a two-day visit on Tuesday.

* * * * * * *


Cina e isole del Pacifico non riescono a raggiungere un consenso sul patto di sicurezza

30 maggio (Reuters) – Il ministro degli Esteri cinese Wang Yi ha esortato lunedì la regione del Pacifico a non essere “troppo ansiosa” riguardo agli obiettivi del suo Paese, dopo che un incontro alle Fiji con le sue controparti di 10 nazioni insulari non è riuscito a raggiungere un accordo su un ampio comunicato commerciale e di sicurezza.

Wang ha ospitato l’incontro con i ministri degli Esteri delle nazioni insulari del Pacifico che hanno legami diplomatici con la Cina, a metà di un tour diplomatico nella regione, dove le ambizioni di Pechino di avere legami di sicurezza più ampi hanno suscitato preoccupazione tra gli alleati degli Stati Uniti.

Una bozza di comunicato e un piano d’azione quinquennale inviati dalla Cina alle nazioni invitate prima dell’incontro mostravano che la Cina stava cercando di ottenere un ampio accordo commerciale e di sicurezza regionale.

Ma la bozza di comunicato, riportata per la prima volta da Reuters, ha suscitato l’opposizione di almeno una delle nazioni invitate, gli Stati Federati di Micronesia, secondo una lettera trapelata la scorsa settimana.

Dopo l’incontro, che ha visto la partecipazione di Samoa, Tonga, Kiribati, Papua Nuova Guinea, Vanuatu, Isole Salomone, Niue e Vanuatu, Wang ha dichiarato che le nazioni hanno concordato cinque aree di cooperazione, ma che sono necessarie ulteriori discussioni per creare un maggiore consenso.

Le cinque aree elencate comprendono la ripresa economica dopo la pandemia COVID e nuovi centri per l’agricoltura e le catastrofi, ma non includono la sicurezza.

“La Cina pubblicherà un proprio documento di posizione sulle nostre posizioni e proposte e sulle proposte di cooperazione con i Paesi insulari del Pacifico e continueremo ad avere discussioni e consultazioni continue e approfondite per creare un maggiore consenso sulla cooperazione”, ha dichiarato ai giornalisti presenti alle Figi. Non sono state ammesse domande durante il briefing con i media.

Wang ha detto che alcuni hanno messo in dubbio le motivazioni che hanno spinto la Cina ad essere così attiva nelle isole del Pacifico, e la sua risposta è stata che la Cina sostiene i Paesi in via di sviluppo anche in Africa, Asia e Caraibi.

“Non siate troppo ansiosi e non siate troppo nervosi, perché lo sviluppo comune e la prosperità della Cina e di tutti gli altri Paesi in via di sviluppo significherebbe solo una grande armonia, una maggiore giustizia e un maggiore progresso del mondo intero”, ha detto.

Rispondendo alle domande dopo il briefing di Wang, l’ambasciatore cinese alle Figi, Qian Bo, ha detto che i partecipanti hanno concordato di discutere la bozza di comunicato e il piano quinquennale “finché non avremo raggiunto un accordo”.

“C’è stato un sostegno generale da parte dei 10 Paesi con cui abbiamo relazioni diplomatiche, ma ovviamente ci sono alcune preoccupazioni su alcune questioni specifiche”.

Il primo ministro delle Figi Frank Bainimarama ha dichiarato ai giornalisti che le nazioni del Pacifico stanno dando priorità al consenso.

“Le classifiche geopolitiche significano poco per chi ha una comunità che sta scivolando sotto l’innalzamento dei mari, un lavoro perso a causa della pandemia o una famiglia colpita dal rapido aumento del prezzo delle materie prime”, ha dichiarato Bainimarama.

In un discorso scritto alla riunione, il presidente cinese Xi Jinping ha affermato che la Cina sarà sempre un buon amico dei Paesi insulari del Pacifico, a prescindere dai cambiamenti della situazione internazionale, come ha riferito l’emittente statale cinese CCTV. 

                         TOUR DEL PACIFICO

Diverse nazioni invitate vogliono rimandare l’azione sulla bozza di comunicato o modificarla, ha dichiarato in precedenza a Reuters un funzionario di un Paese del Pacifico.

Gli Stati Uniti, l’Australia, il Giappone e la Nuova Zelanda hanno espresso preoccupazione per un patto di sicurezza firmato dalle Isole Salomone con la Cina il mese scorso, affermando che ha conseguenze regionali e potrebbe portare a una presenza militare cinese vicino all’Australia.

Il nuovo governo australiano ha fatto delle isole del Pacifico una delle prime priorità di politica estera per contrastare le spinte di Pechino, inviando il ministro degli Esteri alle Figi con il messaggio che l’Australia avrebbe dato nuova priorità alla più grande sfida di sicurezza della regione, il cambiamento climatico, e annunciando un nuovo programma di visti per consentire ai cittadini delle isole del Pacifico di migrare. 

La scorsa settimana, a Honiara, Wang ha condannato le interferenze nell’accordo e ha affermato che le relazioni delle Isole Salomone con la Cina sono un modello per le altre nazioni insulari del Pacifico. 

Con le frontiere chiuse in tutta la regione a causa della pandemia COVID, la maggior parte dei ministri degli Esteri partecipa alla riunione delle Fiji in collegamento video. In molti Paesi del Pacifico, il ministro degli Esteri è anche primo ministro.

Martedì Wang si recherà nel regno di Tonga, nel Pacifico meridionale, per una visita di due giorni.