Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Unione Europea

Czechia e Slovakia. Czechia blocca l’ingresso dei migranti illegali. Unione Europea latita.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-23.

Slovakia Britannica 001

                         Le eccellenti relazioni tra Slovacchia e Repubblica Ceca sono state recentemente messe a dura prova dalla reintroduzione da parte di quest’ultima dei controlli alle frontiere per arginare l’immigrazione clandestina. La Slovacchia fa parte dell’area Schengen da 13 anni. Per oltre un decennio, gli automobilisti hanno potuto guidare senza ostacoli dalla Slovacchia verso Paesi vicini come la Repubblica Ceca o l’Austria.

                         Il 29 settembre, la Repubblica Ceca e l’Austria hanno deciso di ripristinare i controlli alle frontiere con la Slovacchia, non per motivi di quarantena, ma a causa del crescente numero di migranti illegali che attraversano i suoi confini.

                         Negli ultimi anni l’immigrazione clandestina ha messo sotto pressione la maggior parte dei Paesi europei. Solo quest’anno, la Germania ha registrato un aumento del 254% dei rifugiati turchi rispetto al 2021. Secondo le Nazioni Unite, solo quest’anno 85,000 migranti sono arrivati in Italia via mare. La Slovacchia ha fermato 4,466 migranti che cercavano di attraversare illegalmente i suoi confini dall’inizio dei controlli a fine settembre. La maggior parte dei migranti illegali che entrano nel Paese proviene dalla Siria e percorre la cosiddetta rotta balcanica.

                         I controlli ai confini cechi e slovacchi sono in corso da oltre un mese e l’opinione pubblica slovacca è indignata. Tuttavia, le dichiarazioni di indipendenza dei due Stati non hanno spezzato il forte legame che li unisce. Ancora oggi esiste una stretta relazione tra Slovacchia e Repubblica Ceca, ed è per questo che molti slovacchi sono scioccati dai recenti avvenimenti. Nonostante Heger avesse auspicato la riapertura delle frontiere e il ripristino della libera circolazione tra Slovacchia e Repubblica Ceca, Fiala ha annunciato controlli prolungati che proseguiranno almeno fino al 13 dicembre.

                         Prima di tutto, vogliamo garantire la sicurezza dei cittadini della Repubblica Ceca. I migranti che vengono rimandati in Slovacchia dalla Repubblica Ceca vengono messi in un campo a Kuty, una piccola città sul confine ceco-slovacco. Il campo, aperto dal Ministero degli Interni slovacco poco dopo l’inizio della crisi, può ospitare oltre 150 persone.

                         I registri mostrano che la maggior parte dei migranti si ferma solo per due o tre giorni perché la Slovacchia non è la loro destinazione finale. Le autorità slovacche affermano che la maggior parte dei migranti vuole andare più a ovest, soprattutto in Germania. La Slovacchia chiede la protezione delle frontiere esterne dell’UE. Le autorità slovacche respingono l’idea di controlli alle frontiere interne dell’area Schengen. Secondo i funzionari slovacchi, tali controlli non sono solo ingiustificati, ma anche inefficaci.

* * * * * * *

«The excellent relations between Slovakia and the Czech Republic have been strained recently by the latter’s reintroduction of border checks to stem illegal immigration. Slovakia has been part of the Schengen Area for the past 13 years. For over a decade, motorists were able to drive unhindered from Slovakia to neighboring countries like the Czech Republic or Austria.»

«On September 29, the Czech Republic and Austria decided to reintroduce border controls with Slovakia — not for quarantine reasons, but because of rising numbers of illegal migrants crossing its borders»

«Illegal migration has put pressure on most European countries in recent years. This year alone, Germany has reported a 254% increase in Turkish refugees on 2021. According to the UN, 85,000 migrants arrived in Italy by boat this year alone. Slovakia has stopped 4,466 migrants trying to illegally cross its borders since the beginning of controls in late September. Most illegal migrants entering the country come from Syria and take the so-called Balkan Route.»

«Controls on the Czech and Slovak borders have been going on for over a month now and the Slovak public is outraged. Nevertheless, the two states’ declarations of independence did not break the strong bond between them. To this day, there is a close relationship between Slovakia and the Czech Republic, which is why so many Slovaks are shocked by recent events. Despite Heger’s hope that the borders would be reopened and free movement between Slovakia and the Czech Republic reestablished, Fiala announced prolonged controls that will continue at least until December 13»

«First of all, we want to ensure the safety of the citizens of the Czech Republic. Migrants who are sent back to Slovakia from the Czech Republic are put in a camp in Kuty, a small town on the Czech–Slovak border. The camp, which was opened by the Slovak Interior Ministry shortly after the crisis began, can hold over 150 people.»

«Records show that most migrants only stay for two to three days because Slovakia is not their final destination. Slovak authorities say that most of the migrants want to go further west, mainly to Germany. lSovakia calling for protection of the EU’s external border Slovak authorities dismiss the idea of internal border controls within the Schengen Area. According to Slovak officials, such controls are not only unjustified, they are also ineffective.»

* * * * * * *


Illegal migration puts Slovakia into Schengen isolation.

The excellent relations between Slovakia and the Czech Republic have been strained recently by the latter’s reintroduction of border checks to stem illegal immigration.

Slovakia has been part of the Schengen Area for the past 13 years. For over a decade, motorists were able to drive unhindered from Slovakia to neighboring countries like the Czech Republic or Austria.

The COVID-19 pandemic had a major impact on freedom of movement in the European Union. It saw the return of border checks between countries where they had long been forgotten.

When the EU relaxed its COVID rules, most Europeans breathed a sigh of relief and hoped that border controls would once again become a thing of the past. For Slovakia, however, it didn’t take long to find itself in a state of isolation again.

On September 29, the Czech Republic and Austria decided to reintroduce border controls with Slovakia — not for quarantine reasons, but because of rising numbers of illegal migrants crossing its borders.

Illegal migration an issue right across the EU

Illegal migration has put pressure on most European countries in recent years. This year alone, Germany has reported a 254% increase in Turkish refugees on 2021. According to the UN, 85,000 migrants arrived in Italy by boat this year alone.

Slovakia has stopped 4,466 migrants trying to illegally cross its borders since the beginning of controls in late September. Most illegal migrants entering the country come from Syria and take the so-called “Balkan Route.”

EU’s external frontier. Hungary has stopped 235,000 people for illegally crossing the border since the beginning of the year.

A rare quarrel between 2 brotherly states

Controls on the Czech and Slovak borders have been going on for over a month now and the Slovak public is outraged.

The Czech Republic is Slovakia’s closest political ally. The two countries coexisted in the same state from 1918 until 1939, when they were forcibly torn apart by Nazi Germany. After World War II, the two states renewed their union and remained together until 1993, when the independent Slovak and Czech republics came into existence.

Nevertheless, the two states’ declarations of independence did not break the strong bond between them. To this day, there is a close relationship between Slovakia and the Czech Republic, which is why so many Slovaks are shocked by recent events.

“The situation between the Czech and Slovak republics cannot continue like this,” said Slovak Prime Minister Eduard Heger after last week’s meeting of the Security Council of the Slovak Republic, announcing his intention to visit the Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala in Prague in the hope of settling the matter once and for all.

Czechs keen to continue border controls

Despite Heger’s hope that the borders would be reopened and free movement between Slovakia and the Czech Republic reestablished, Fiala announced prolonged controls that will continue at least until December 13. If the Czechs want to continue the border checks after that, they will need approval from the European Commission.

Slovakia is not at all happy about the arrangement, especially as officials consider the controls unjustified. “Controls at internal Schengen borders should only take place during life-threatening situations,” said Stefan Hamran, chief of the Slovak Police, in a media statement. “Migration is not one of them. There is no safety hazard to permit such controls. The Czechs are trying to return the migrants to Slovakia, but in doing so, they are breaking the Schengen Agreement.”

Both sides want to continue the dialogue

The Czech side rejects these claims and argues that returning the migrants is in line with remittance legislation. “First of all, we want to ensure the safety of the citizens of the Czech Republic,” said Czech Interior Minister Vit Rakusan in a media statement.

According to Czech PM Petr Fiala, the controls are simply a preventive measure to discourage illegal migrants from using the route through the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech side says it wants to reach an agreement with Slovakia, and officials from both sides have agreed to continue the dialogue about border control.

Most migrants want to head west

Migrants who are sent back to Slovakia from the Czech Republic are put in a camp in Kuty, a small town on the Czech–Slovak border. The camp, which was opened by the Slovak Interior Ministry shortly after the crisis began, can hold over 150 people. According to the press department at the Interior Ministry, migrants are given basic care and the camp is monitored.

Records show that most migrants only stay for two to three days because Slovakia is not their final destination. Slovak authorities say that most of the migrants want to go further west, mainly to Germany.

As most of the migrants come from Syria, which is in a state of war, Slovakia cannot send them back to their country of origin. No media reports or official statements from the Interior Ministry suggest that Slovakia is trying to stop them crossing into other countries.

Slovakia calling for protection of the EU’s external border

Slovak authorities dismiss the idea of internal border controls within the Schengen Area. According to Slovak officials, such controls are not only unjustified, they are also ineffective. “Protecting the outer borders of Schengen should be the priority,” said Slovak Interior Minister Roman Mikulec during a visit to the Hungary–Serbia border earlier this week.

Slovakia has sent police officers to this border to help their Hungarian colleagues protect the Schengen Area. “I want to thank the members of the Police Force who are deployed daily to protect the external Schengen border. We clearly see that this is the most effective way to prevent the rise of illegal migration in Europe through the so-called ‘Balkan route,'” he said.

Czech–Slovak bond remains strong

Juraj Marusiak, a political expert from the Slovak Academy of Sciences, notes that this is the first public display of dissonance in bilateral relations between the Czech and Slovak republics.

“After years of what was seemingly an ideal relationship between the two nations, we are witnessing displays of differences between us. I know it may seem shocking to the public, but these things are normal between neighboring countries,” he told DW, adding that the bond between the two countries remains strong and that this crisis is unlikely to have a major impact on it.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Russia

Ukraina. Kyiv si avvia al completo blocco della rete elettrica della capitale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-22.

2022-11-20__ Kyiv al buio 001

Fallita, disarmata, senza nemmeno più un missile, la Russia comincia ad essere l’incubo di Zelensky.

Già.

Adesso poi gli Elettori hanno privato Joe Biden del controllo del Congresso, ed i repubblicani hanno già detto che lo metteranno sotto processo e che non daranno più nessun aiuto a Zelensky.

* * * * * * *

                         Le autorità cittadine di Kiev hanno avvertito venerdì che è possibile un blocco completo della rete elettrica della capitale e il primo ministro ucraino ha dichiarato che quasi metà del sistema energetico del Paese è stato messo fuori uso dagli attacchi russi. Nelle ultime settimane la Russia ha intensificato gli attacchi alle strutture energetiche ucraine e ha colpito le infrastrutture elettriche del Paese con pesanti attacchi aerei martedì e giovedì. La Russia continua a colpire con missili le infrastrutture civili e critiche dell’Ucraina. Quasi la metà del nostro sistema energetico è disattivato.

                         Ci stiamo preparando a diversi scenari, tra cui quello di un arresto completo. Il nemico ha già effettuato sei attacchi missilistici su larga scala: 10 ottobre, 11 ottobre, 17 ottobre, 31 ottobre, 11 novembre e 15 novembre. La situazione peggiorerà nei prossimi mesi, quando le temperature potranno abbassarsi notevolmente e si verificheranno gelate. A causa delle basse temperature, il consumo di elettricità sta aumentando in modo significativo. Pertanto, ora più che mai, è necessario risparmiare energia elettrica.

* * * * * * *

«Kyiv city authorities warned on Friday that a “complete shutdown” of the capital’s power grid was possible and Ukraine’s prime minister said almost half the country’s energy system had been disabled by Russian attacks. Russia has stepped up attacks on Ukrainian energy facilities in recent weeks, and pounded power infrastructure across the country in heavy air strikes on Tuesday and Thursday. Russia continues to carry out missile strikes on Ukraine’s civilian and critical infrastructure. Almost half of our energy system is disabled.»

«We are preparing for different scenarios, including a complete shutdown. The enemy has already carried out six large-scale missile attacks: October 10, October 11, October 17, October 31, November 11 and November 15. The situation will become worse in coming months, when temperatures can fall much lower and frosts set in. Due to low temperatures, electricity consumption is increasing significantly. Therefore, now, more than ever, we need to save electricity»

* * * * * * *


Kyiv may face ‘complete shutdown’, nearly half Ukraine’s energy system disabled.

Kyiv – Kyiv city authorities warned on Friday that a “complete shutdown” of the capital’s power grid was possible and Ukraine’s prime minister said almost half the country’s energy system had been disabled by Russian attacks.

Russia, which invaded Ukraine in February, has stepped up attacks on Ukrainian energy facilities in recent weeks, and pounded power infrastructure across the country in heavy air strikes on Tuesday and Thursday.

“Unfortunately, Russia continues to carry out missile strikes on Ukraine’s civilian and critical infrastructure,” Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal said after talks with European trade commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis. “Almost half of our energy system is disabled.”

Kyiv is one of the cities worst affected by the missile and drone strikes, which have at times knocked out electricity, heating and water in many areas as winter approaches.

Engineers have been racing to repair the power grid in the capital, which had its first snowfall of the season on Thursday.

“We are preparing for different scenarios, including a complete shutdown,” Mykola Povoroznyk, deputy head of the Kyiv city administration, said in televised comments.

He did not say what would happen in the event of the power grid being completely shut down, but officials have said they are not considering evacuating any cities.

                         Falling temperatures

Ukraine has denounced the attacks on its energy infrastructure as Russian terrorism. Russia dismisses the criticism and describes the attacks are a response to Kyiv’s “unwillingness” to hold peace talks.

Ukraine’s state grid operator Ukrenergo wrote on Friday that the system was “withstanding the blows with dignity,” but later declared emergency outages in addition to cuts that had already been scheduled top help carry out repairs.

“The enemy has already carried out six large-scale missile attacks: October 10, October 11, October 17, October 31, November 11 and November 15,” Ukrenergo said.

concern that the situation will become worse in coming months, when temperatures can fall much lower and frosts set in.

“Due to low temperatures, electricity consumption is increasing significantly. Therefore, now, more than ever, we need to save electricity,” Povoroznyk said.

Blackouts have become frequent and the government has urged the public to conserve energy by reducing use of domestic appliances such as ovens, washing machines, electric kettles and irons.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Russia, Senza categoria

Ukraina. Sta esaurendo le armi antiaeree. Uno Shahed-136 costa 20,000 dollari.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-21.

Putin e Leader Europei annientati 001

Fotografia da aggiornare. Gli Elettori hanno reso Joe Biden un pappagallo impagliato collocato nell’atrio della White House. Il nuovo Cogresso a guida repubblicana ha già messo lui ed il figlio Hunter sotto inchiesta.

«they cost around $20,000 per unit, compared with a cruise missile that can cost several million dollars»

«costano circa 20.000 dollari per unità, rispetto a un missile da crociera che può costare diversi milioni di dollari»

* * * * * * *

                         L’Ucraina rischia di esaurire le armi di difesa aerea e ha bisogno dell’aiuto urgente dell’Occidente per difendersi. La Russia ha messo in campo un’ondata di attacchi con i droni per danneggiare e distruggere le strutture energetiche ucraine. Rischia di esaurire le attrezzature che finora le hanno permesso di combattere gli attacchi aerei russi.

                         Nelle ultime settimane la Russia ha bombardato il Paese con un’ondata di droni a basso costo forniti dall’Iran che stanno distruggendo le infrastrutture energetiche del Paese. Mosca e Teheran hanno negato l’esistenza di un accordo per la fornitura da parte dell’Iran alla Russia, un Paese con opzioni di approvvigionamento limitate a causa delle sanzioni internazionali.

                         Pubblicato il loro nuovo rapporto sulle difese aeree dell’Ucraina, mentre la Russia si affida sempre più ai droni iraniani Shahed-136 per disattivare le reti energetiche dell’Ucraina. Se i SAM [sistemi missilistici terra-aria] ucraini non saranno riforniti di munizioni, e infine aumentati e sostituiti con equivalenti occidentali nel corso del tempo, le forze aerospaziali russe [il VKS] riacquisteranno la capacità di rappresentare una minaccia importante.

                         Negli ultimi mesi, tuttavia, la Russia ha dispiegato centinaia di droni carichi di esplosivo forniti dall’Iran che sono stati utilizzati per colpire le infrastrutture energetiche dell’Ucraina, privando centinaia di migliaia di persone dell’acqua e dell’elettricità con l’arrivo delle temperature più rigide.

                         Essenzialmente missili ad elica, questi droni sono poco costosi da acquistare; i rapporti suggeriscono che costano circa 20.000 dollari per unità, rispetto a un missile da crociera che può costare diversi milioni di dollari. Inoltre, sebbene non siano in grado di eseguire manovre sofisticate e contengano quantità inferiori di esplosivo rispetto ai missili convenzionali, possono essere inviati in sciami per sostare sopra il loro obiettivo e sono più difficili da rilevare per i sistemi radar.

* * * * * * *

«Ukraine is at risk of running out of air defense weapons and needs urgent help from the West to defend itself. Russia has deployed a wave of drone attacks to damage and destroy Ukrainian energy facilities. Risks running out of equipment that has, so far, enabled it to combat Russian air attacks.»

«Russia has bombarded the country over recent weeks with a tide of cheap Iran-supplied drones which are destroying the country’s energy infrastructure. Moscow and Tehran have denied that there is a deal for Iran to supply Russia , a country with limited supply options due to international sanctions.»

«Published their new report on Ukraine’s air defenses as Russia increasingly relies on Iranian Shahed-136 drones to disable Ukraine’s energy networks. If Ukrainian SAMs [surface-to-air missile systems] are not resupplied with ammunition, and ultimately augmented and replaced with Western equivalents over time, Russian Aerospace Forces [the VKS] will regain the ability to pose a major threat»

«In the last few months, however, Russia has deployed hundreds of explosive-carrying drones supplied by Iran that have been used to target Ukraine’s energy infrastructure, depriving hundreds of thousands of people of water and electricity as colder temperatures set in.»

«Essentially propeller-powered missiles, these drones are cheap to buy; reports suggest they cost around $20,000 per unit, compared with a cruise missile that can cost several million dollars. Also, while they aren’t able to perform sophisticated maneuvers and contain smaller quantities of explosives to conventional missiles, they can be sent in “swarms” to loiter above their target and are harder for radar systems to detect.»

* * * * * * *


Ukraine in danger of running out of air defenses as Russia launches relentless drone attacks.

– Ukraine is at risk of running out of air defense weapons and needs urgent help from the West to defend itself, defense analysts said Monday.

– Russia has deployed a wave of drone attacks to damage and destroy Ukrainian energy facilities.

– RUSI analysts said Kyiv needs more air defense weapons from the West, or risks running out of equipment that has, so far, enabled it to combat Russian air attacks.

* * * * * * *

Ukraine is at risk of running out of air defense weapons and needs urgent help from the West to defend itself, analysts at the Royal United Services Institute said Monday.

Russia has bombarded the country over recent weeks with a tide of cheap Iran-supplied drones which are destroying the country’s energy infrastructure.

“The West must avoid complacency about the need to urgently bolster Ukrainian air-defence capacity,” defense and security think tank RUSI said.

Moscow and Tehran have denied that there is a deal for Iran to supply Russia — a country with limited supply options due to international sanctions — with weapons. However, the Iranian government acknowledged for the first time Saturday that it had sent a number of drones to Russia, but insisted this was before Russia invaded Ukraine.

The U.S. Special Envoy for Iran Robert Malley rejected that claim, saying Tehran supplied drones to Russia in the summer.

RUSI analysts Justin Bronk, Jack Watling and Nick Reynolds published their new report on Ukraine’s air defenses as Russia increasingly relies on Iranian Shahed-136 drones to disable Ukraine’s energy networks.

“If Ukrainian SAMs [surface-to-air missile systems] are not resupplied with ammunition, and ultimately augmented and replaced with Western equivalents over time, Russian Aerospace Forces [the VKS] will regain the ability to pose a major threat,” the analysts said.

On Sunday night, Ukraine’s president, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, said the Iranian regime was helping Russia prolong the war, saying “if it was not for the Iranian supply of weapons to the aggressor, we would be closer to peace now.” He also warned that Russia needed Iranian missiles for a “possible repetition of mass attacks on our infrastructure.”

For its part, Ukraine continues to plead for more air defense weapons to help it combat Russian drone and missile attacks. RUSI’s analysts agree that Ukraine requires urgent assistance to ensure that “Kyiv can counter Moscow’s updated approach to the air war in Ukraine.”

                         Strategic air attacks

In the early months of the war against Ukraine, Russia’s attempts at strategic air attacks were limited to expensive cruise and ballistic missile barrages and were on a much more limited scale, RUSI’s experts said, noting that “these failed to achieve strategically decisive damage during the first seven months of the invasion.”

In the last few months, however, Russia has deployed hundreds of explosive-carrying drones supplied by Iran that have been used to target Ukraine’s energy infrastructure, depriving hundreds of thousands of people of water and electricity as colder temperatures set in.

Essentially propeller-powered missiles, these drones are cheap to buy; reports suggest they cost around $20,000 per unit, compared with a cruise missile that can cost several million dollars. Also, while they aren’t able to perform sophisticated maneuvers and contain smaller quantities of explosives to conventional missiles, they can be sent in “swarms” to loiter above their target and are harder for radar systems to detect.

Images showed Kyiv’s police attempting to shoot down drones during an attack last month that targeted residential buildings and energy facilities.

RUSI’s defense analysts said the use of Iranian drones had changed the character of Russia’s air attack strategy, noting that the latest iteration “is a more focused and sustainable bombardment of the Ukrainian electricity grid, blending hundreds of cheap Iranian-supplied Shahed-136 loitering munitions against substations with continued use of cruise and ballistic missiles against larger targets.”

                         What Ukraine needs

In the short term, according to RUSI, Ukraine needs large numbers of additional man-portable air defense systems, known as “MANPADS,” and radar-guided anti-aircraft guns, such as the Gepard.

These will “sustain and increase its ability to intercept the Shahed-136s and protect its remaining power infrastructure and repairs to damaged facilities,” the analysts added.

“In the medium term, Ukraine needs cost-effective ways to defend itself against the Shahed-136,” they said, also noting that the Ukrainian Air Force needs modern Western fighter jets and missiles to sustainably counter Russian Aerospace Forces, or VKS. “Russian pilots have been cautious throughout the war, so even a small number of Western fighters [jets] could have a major deterrent effect.”

Pubblicato in: Criminalità Organizzata, Demografia, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Ong - Ngo

Tratta dei migranti. Il Ministro Piantedosi interviene alle Camere.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-19.

Giulio Romano. Palazzo Gonzaga. Sala dei giganti. 003

In Italia sono le Camere che esercitano la attività politica. Qualsiasi altra organizzazione non ha voce in capitolo. Vogliono contare? Benissimo. Facciano eleggere i propri rappresentanti.

Piantedosi parla molto chiaramente.

«In Italia non si entra clandestinamente, la selezione non viene fatta dai trafficanti di esseri umani.»

«La maggior parte dei migranti che arrivano in Italia sono spinti da motivazioni economiche e non hanno diritto a stare qui»

«La richiesta di pos dovrebbe provenire dallo Stato di bandiera delle navi e non dalle ong»

«E mi sembra che questo grido partito dai Paesi del confine meridionale cominci a essere raccolto»

* * * * * * *

«Cyprus, Italy, Greece and Malta on Saturday jointly criticised EU member states for not sharing the responsibility of hosting migrants, saying the four countries collectively are “bearing the heaviest burden of the management of migratory flows in the Mediterranean.”

With Italy, Greece, Malta and Cyprus being the first entry points into Europe through the Central and Eastern Mediterranean route, they said despite the pledges by EU member states for relocating migrants, this translates into a “very small fraction of the actual number of irregular arrivals that have been received so far this year.» [Cyprus Mail]

* * * * * * *

                         Nell’Aula della Camera l’informativa urgente del Ministro dell’Interno Matteo Piantedosi sulla situazione dei migranti.

Nell’Aula del Senato l’informativa del ministro dell’Interno Matteo Piantedosi sulla gestione dei flussi migratori.

                         La prima priorità è la tutela della dignità delle persone.

Sull’immigrazione agiamo con umanità e fermezza: non abbiamo alcuna intenzione di venir meno ai nostri compiti di accoglienza, ma in Italia non si entra clandestinamente, la selezione non viene fatta dai trafficanti di esseri umani. Vogliamo governare i flussi invece di subirli.

                         Nel 2022 ci saranno 69mila domande di asilo, il 56% in più rispetto all’anno scorso. E il 57% di quelle esaminate si sono concluse con dinieghi; significa che la maggior parte dei migranti che arrivano in Italia sono spinti da motivazioni economiche e non hanno diritto a stare qui: così il ministro Piantedosi

                         La presenza delle navi delle ong continua ad essere un pull factor, un fattore di attrazione per i flussi di migranti e sono importanti anche per le organizzazioni criminali che basano il loro modus operandi sulla presenza di beni delle ong sul territorio

                         L’identificazione del luogo di sicurezza avrebbe dovuto essere fatta dallo Stato competente dell’area Sar Malta in cui le navi sono intervenute, Libia e Malta, e poi dallo Stato di bandiera. La richiesta di pos dovrebbe provenire dallo Stato di bandiera delle navi e non dalle ong. Queste navi agiscono in autonomia compromettendo anche la capacità di fare operazioni di soccorso. È quindi legittimo considerare il transito di queste navi non innocuo.

                         Sui migranti abbiamo posto un problema generale. Non è un problema che l’Italia ha con la Francia, noi poniamo un problema politico, di legalità, ha detto il ministro degli Esteri Antonio Tajani in un punto stampa con il ministro degli Esteri greco Nikos Dendias. Il regolamento di Dublino sembra affaticato e rischia di essere superato, ma non si può prescindere dalla solidarietà europea. E mi sembra che questo grido partito dai Paesi del confine meridionale cominci a essere raccolto, c’è volontà. I problemi non si risolvono in una riunione, ma ho trovato, a partire da Grecia, Malta e Slovenia, solidarietà Domani in Germania il ministro Matteo Piantedosi è atteso alla riunione del G7 Interni.

* * * * * * *


Migranti, l’Ue apre. Johansson: ‘Pronti ad aiutare l’Italia’. Piantedosi: ‘I flussi vanno governati’.

Oltre 90mila sbarchi nel 2022, +60%. Informativa del ministro prima al Senato, poi alla Camera.

* * * * * * *

Nell’Aula della Camera l’informativa urgente del ministro dell’Interno Matteo Piantedosi sulla situazione dei migranti.

In Aula al Senato l’informativa del Ministro dell’interno, Matteo Piantedosi, sulla gestione dei flussi migratori.

“La priorità assoluta è la tutela della dignità delle persone.

Questa è la lente attraverso cui mettere a fuoco le decisioni dell’Esecutivo a cui spetta il compito di governare i flussi migratori”, ha detto il ministro.

Sull’immigrazione “agiamo con umanità e fermezza: non abbiamo nessuna intenzione di venire meno ai doveri dell’accoglienza, ma in Italia non si entra illegalmente, la selezione non la fanno i trafficanti di esseri umani.

Vogliamo governare i flussi anzichè subirli.

Ci sono 100mila migranti nel sistema di accoglienza e le prefetture segnalano una saturazione dei posti disponibilità e criticità, ha detto Piantedosi nell’informativa al Senato.

Nel 2022 si registrano 69mila richieste di asilo, il 56% in più rispetto allo scorso anno. Ed il 57% di quelle esaminate si sono concluse con i diniego; significa che la maggioranza dei migranti che arrivano in Italia è spinta da motivazioni economiche e non ha titolo di restare qui: così il ministro Piantedosi.

“La presenza di navi ong continua a rappresentare un fattore di attrazione, un ‘pull factor'” per i flussi di migranti e sono importanti anche per “le organizzazioni criminali che basano il loro modus operandi sulla presenza di assetti ong nell’area”.

La forma volontaristica del meccanismo di redistribuzione dei migranti “non riesce a decollare, serve una nuova politica europea realmente basata sul principio di solidarietà”, ha aggiunto Piantedosi. 

“Siamo per attivare corridoi umanitari per le persone vulnerabili, da usare come leva anche per i Paesi di origine e transito dei flussi – ha spiegato Piantedosi -. Dobbiamo creare percorsi legali di ingresso per i Paesi che collaborano alla prevenzione delle partenze illegali ed ai rimpatri, con un meccanismo premiale a favore dei Paesi più impegnati nel contrasto all’immigrazione illegale”. 

“L’individuazione del ‘place of safety’ avrebbe dovuto esser fatta dallo Stato competente dell’area Sar Malta in cui le navi sono intervenute, Libia e Malta, e poi dallo Stato di bandiera. La richiesta del ‘pos’ deve arrivare dallo Stato di bandiera delle navi non dalle ong. Queste navi agiscono in modo autonomo compromettendo anche la capacità di fare operazioni di salvataggio. E’ quindi legittimo considerare il transito di queste imbarcazioni non inoffensivo”. 

“C’è chi, anche da posizioni oggi critiche nei confronti dell’azione del Governo, ha sostenuto in passato la necessità di una razionale regolamentazione degli ingressi per favorire l’occupazione nei settori lavorativi trascurati dagli italiani; e chi sosteneva che aprire i porti fosse da irresponsabili, che rischiava di indurre a partire migliaia di persone difficilmente integrabili e che non saremmo stati in grado di accogliere, affermazione che proveniva anche da chi ha definito in questi giorni la nostra posizione un disastro e una sceneggiata”. “Comprendo – aggiunge Piantedosi – che per qualcuno cambiare opinione possa essere anche sempre possibile, ma osservo che temi così delicati vanno affrontati con maggiore ispirazione alla coesione tra le istituzioni”.

“Nel periodo che va dall’1 gennaio 2021 al 9 novembre 2022 le ong, nell’ambito di 91 eventi di sbarco, hanno portato sulle coste italiane 21.046 migranti, di cui 9.956 nel 2021 e 11.090 nel 2022”. Così il ministro dell’Interno aggiungendo che “secondo i dati Frontex, sul totale degli ingressi irregolari nel territorio dell’Unione nel 2022, gli attraversamenti lungo il canale di Sicilia rappresentano la rotta principale degli ingressi illegali diretti in Europa via mare. Tali ingressi sono incomparabili ai flussi via terra per oneri, modalità tecnico-operative e complessità di scenari di intervento”. Il ministro ha quindi ricordato che gli oltre 90.000 ingressi di migranti del 2022, mostrano un aumento del 60% rispetto allo stesso periodo del 2021, “incidendo pesantemente sul sistema di accoglienza nazionale già provato dagli arrivi dall’Ucraina, oltre 172.000 persone accolte in Italia”.

Sui migranti “abbiamo posto un problema generale. Non è un problema che l’Italia ha con la Francia, noi poniamo un problema politico, di legalità”, ha dichiarato il ministro degli Esteri Antonio Tajani in un punto stampa col ministro degli Esteri greco Nikos Dendias. Il regolamento di Dublino “sembra affaticato” e adesso rischia di essere superato, ma non si può prescindere da una solidarietà europea”. E “mi sembra che questo grido partito dai paesi frontalieri del sud cominci ad essere accolto, c’è disponibilità. I problemi non si risolvono in una riunione, ma ho trovato, a partire da Grecia, Malta e Slovenia, solidarietà”.

Sugli arrivi sui migranti in Italia “siamo pronti a dare sostegno e ad aiutare in questa situazione. E avrò anche l’opportunità di incontrare il nuovo ministro italiano domani in Germania e questa è forse una cosa di cui discuterò”, ha detto la commissaria europea agli Affari interni, Ylva Johansson, incontrando la stampa dopo la riunione del Collegio dei commissari. Domani in Germania il ministro Matteo Piantedosi è atteso alla riunione del G7 dell’Interno.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Unione Europea

Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Greece. Ogni stato controlli le navi che battono la sua bandiera.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-16.

2022-11-15__ Macron 001

«Poi, con alcune mosse non desiderate e altre cercate, l’esecutivo di centrodestra è riuscito a tornare in vantaggio con un misto di tattica e tecnica. Prima ricevendo il “no” di Germania, Lussemburgo e Paesi Bassi alla richiesta di Parigi di isolare Roma rompendo i patti sul ricollocamento dei rifugiati. Infine, con la nota congiunta dei rappresentati dei governi di Italia, Malta, Copro e Grecia – i veri Paesi di frontiera nella lotta all’immigrazione clandestina e alla tratta di esseri umani – che hanno chiesto all’Europa di intervenire con un meccanismo di solidarietà reale e che accusa le ong di muoversi al di là del perimetro istituzionale»

«Each State must actually exercise jurisdiction and control over the ships flying its flag»

«Ogni Stato deve effettivamente esercitare la giurisdizione e il controllo sulle navi che battono la sua bandiera»

La Unione Europea si è rotta.

* * * * * * *

Macron definiva inaccettabile il comportamento italiano sulla Ocean Viking in quanto, a suo dire, contrario al diritto del mare e allo spirito europeo.

Ma chi mai si crede di essere Macron?

«French President Emmanuel Macron lost control of the National Assembly in legislative elections on Sunday, a major setback that could throw the country into political paralysis unless he is able to negotiate alliances with other parties.»

In parole povere, Macron conta meno degli avanzi del caffè nella tazzina.

Che si tolga lo scolapasta dalla testa ed abbassi la cresta. L’Elettorato lo ha fottuto.

* * * * * * *

«Cyprus, Italy, Greece and Malta on Saturday jointly criticised EU member states for not sharing the responsibility of hosting migrants, saying the four countries collectively are bearing the heaviest burden of the management of migratory flows in the Mediterranean. The statement called on the European Commission and the Presidency to take the necessary steps to initiate a discussion on how to better coordinate such operations in the Mediterranean, including by ensuring that all private vessels respect the relevant international conventions and other applicable rules, and that all flag states take responsibility in accordance with their international obligations.»

«Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Greece are taking a stand against the NGO ships serving in the Mediterranean to rescue migrants who go to sea from North Africa. Each State must actually exercise jurisdiction and control over the ships flying its flag »

* * * * * * *


Il governo ribalta la partita. Macron non riesce a isolare l’Italia

13 Novembre 2022 – 10:30

La solidarietà di Malta, Cipro e Grecia e il “no” di Germania, Lussemburgo e Paesi Bassi a rompere gli accordi con l’Italia su richiesta di Parigi. Il governo incassa una vittoria, ma l’Europa ora deve attivarsi.

* * * * * * *

Due a uno, palla al centro. Se la sfida tra Italia e Francia sulla gestione dell’immigrazione fosse una partita di calcio, la giornata di ieri avrebbe rappresentato il più classico dei goal che ribalta il match. Era stato il presidente francese Emmanuel Macron a “segnare” una rete di rabbia pareggiando i conti dopo la scelta della Ocean Viking di virare verso i porti transalpini: l’attacco al governo italiano e la richieste agli altri Paesi europei di isolare Roma erano apparsi come un gesto di sfida sproporzionato ma potenzialmente letale, con un vasto fronte interno del Belpaese che già esultava di fronte all’incornata di testa del Papa straniero. Poi, con alcune mosse non desiderate e altre cercate, l’esecutivo di centrodestra è riuscito a tornare in vantaggio con un misto di tattica e tecnica. Prima ricevendo il “no” di Germania, Lussemburgo e Paesi Bassi alla richiesta di Parigi di isolare Roma rompendo i patti sul ricollocamento dei rifugiati. Infine, con la nota congiunta dei rappresentati dei governi di Italia, Malta, Copro e Grecia – i veri Paesi di frontiera nella lotta all’immigrazione clandestina e alla tratta di esseri umani – che hanno chiesto all’Europa di intervenire con un meccanismo di solidarietà reale e che accusa le ong di muoversi al di là del perimetro istituzionale.

Per ora, almeno fino a prova contraria, il tentativo di Macron di isolare il governo guidato da Giorgia Meloni al primo incidente diplomatico è fallito. Un fallimento che anzi, se per Meloni rappresenta una momentanea vittoria diplomatica, per il capo dell’Eliseo rischia di tramutarsi in un clamoroso boomerang. Sotto il profilo interno, ha ceduto tardivamente alla richiesta della destra più radicale lasciando comunque vedere i far sbarcare a Tolone la nave della discordia. Sotto il profilo internazionale, ha mostrato che la sua voglia di essere leader dell’Unione europea rischia di tramutarsi in un sogno velleitario di fronte a un’Europa che sembra molto meno disposta ad assecondarne i flussi di coscienza.

L’unica ad avere seguito per ora il copione “macronista” – oltre a una parte dell’opposizione italiana nota per avere a cuore più gli interessi altrui che quelli nostrani – è stata la Spagna. Scelta che però non deve sorprendere. In parte perché questa è una sfida chiaramente politica, posta da chi non vuole che un esecutivo conservatore detti l’agenda e faccia “proselitismo” anche altrove. Questo vale sia per Macron che per il premier spagnolo Pedro Sanchez. In parte, la questione immigrazione è radicalmente diversa tra Madrid e il resto delle cancellerie mediterranee, dal momento che in terra iberica i migranti arrivano soprattutto attraverso i territori di Ceuta e Melilla – con il Marocco che controlla le rotte in base agli accordi con la Spagna – e non certo con un continuo via vai di barconi, barchini e navi ong.

La vittoria diplomatica è stata sottolineato anche dal ministro degli Esteri, Antonio Tajani, intervistato al Corriere della Sera. “Non siamo affatto isolati – ha detto il capo della Farnesina – Germania e Lussemburgo rispetteranno i patti, come noi. E sono solidali anche Grecia, Malta e Cipro”. Parlare di vittoria definitiva è ancora difficile. Perché i ricollocamenti devono essere davvero attuati e serve un accordo che non sia solo di facciata: poche decine di persone rispetto a migliaia che attendono di andare nel Paese prescelto è un’immagine che dimostra la debolezza di certi accordi e l’ambiguità di alcune prese di posizione. Ma il governo italiano può intanto dire di avere ribaltato la situazione: non è isolata come volevano il presidente francese i suoi sostenitori al di qua delle Alpi. Palla centro, insomma. In attesa del fischio che decreti la fine della partita (e l’inizio di un vero accordo europeo che sarebbe l’unico vero goal della vittoria).

* * * * * * *


Cyprus, Italy, Greece and Malta slam other EU countries for not sharing migrant ‘burden’.

Cyprus, Italy, Greece and Malta on Saturday jointly criticised EU member states for not sharing the responsibility of hosting migrants, saying the four countries collectively are “bearing the heaviest burden of the management of migratory flows in the Mediterranean.”

With Italy, Greece, Malta and Cyprus being the first entry points into Europe through the Central and Eastern Mediterranean route, they said despite the pledges by EU member states for relocating migrants, this translates into a “very small fraction of the actual number of irregular arrivals that have been received so far this year.”

The statement refers to a political declaration on June 10, which established a temporary and voluntary relocation mechanism. This was “despite that fact that MED 5 countries supported a mandatory relocation scheme.

“To date the mechanism has been slow on delivering on its stated goal of alleviating the burden that we, as front-line member states, are constantly exposed to, as only a small number of relocations has been implemented so far. This is unfortunate and disappointing, especially at this point in time when our countries are increasingly faced with a migratory pressure that is putting a strain on our asylum and reception system.”

The statement called on the European Commission and the Presidency to take the necessary steps to initiate a discussion on how to better coordinate such operations in the Mediterranean, including by ensuring that all private vessels respect the relevant international conventions and other applicable rules, and that all flag states take responsibility in accordance with their international obligations.

“Pending agreement on an effective, fair and permanent burden sharing mechanism, we cannot subscribe to the notion that countries of first entry are the only possible European landing spots for illegal immigrants, especially when this happens in an uncoordinated fashion based on the basis of a choice made by private vessels, acting in total autonomy from the competent state authorities,” the statement said.

The countries reiterated their position that the modus operandi of these private vessels is not in line with the spirit of the international legal framework concerning Search and Rescue Operations, which should be respected.

* * * * * * *


On migrants Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Greece are on the attack: “NGOs often outlawed. We are the States most exposed to the emergency”.

Joint note from the government of Rome and those of the other countries of first entry: “All countries must assume responsibility for landing, reception and relocation”.

* * * * * * *

Italy, Malta, Cyprus and Greece are taking a stand against the NGO ships serving in the Mediterranean to rescue migrants who go to sea from North Africa .

In a joint note, the four governments invite humanitarian organizations to “respect the international legal framework on search and rescue operations”.

“Each State – reads a joint note – must actually exercise jurisdiction and control over the ships flying its flag”. Furthermore, the four countries believe that a discussion on the coordination of NGOs in compliance with international conventions is “urgent and necessary”.

“All flag States assume their responsibilities in accordance with their international obligations”, continues the note, inviting the EU to adopt the measures to start the discussion. Furthermore, in the joint declaration, Rome and the other three Mediterranean nations – which are also the countries of first entry into Europe in the Mediterranean – define the non-compliance with the agreements on the relocation of migrants as “unfortunate and disappointing”.

“Unfortunately – reads the note -, the number of relocation commitments undertaken by the participating Member States represents only a very small fraction of the actual number of irregular arrivals”.

The mechanism, they add, has proven to be “slow” in relieving pressure on “front-line” countries.

* * * * * * *


Macron loses absolute majority in parliament in ‘democratic shock’.

Published Sun, Jun 19 2022.

– French President Emmanuel Macron lost control of the National Assembly in legislative elections on Sunday, a major setback that could throw the country into political paralysis unless he is able to negotiate alliances with other parties.

– A broad left-wing alliance was set to be the biggest opposition group, while the far-right scored record-high wins and the conservatives were likely to become kingmakers.

– There is no set script in France for how things will now unfold. The last time a newly elected president failed to get an outright majority in parliamentary elections was in 1988.

* * * * * * *

French President Emmanuel Macron lost control of the National Assembly in legislative elections on Sunday, a major setback that could throw the country into political paralysis unless he is able to negotiate alliances with other parties.

Macron’s centrist Ensemble coalition, which wants to raise the retirement age and further deepen EU integration, was on course to end up with the most seats in Sunday’s election.

But they will be well short of the absolute majority needed to control parliament, near-final results showed.

A broad left-wing alliance was set to be the biggest opposition group, while the far-right scored record-high wins and the conservatives were likely to become kingmakers.

Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire called the outcome a “democratic shock” and added that if other blocs did not cooperate, “this would block our capacity to reform and protect the French.”

A hung parliament will require a degree of power-sharing and compromises among parties not experienced in France in recent decades.

There is no set script in France for how things will now unfold. The last time a newly elected president failed to get an outright majority in parliamentary elections was in 1988.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Problemi Etici e Morali

Francia. Jordan Bardella, 27, è il nuovo presidente del National Rally.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-14.

2022-11-08__ Jordan Bardella Marine Le Pen 001

                         Il National Rally (RN), partito di estrema destra francese, ha confermato il 27enne Jordan Bardella come sostituto di Marine Le Pen alla guida del partito. La signora Le Pen si concentrerà invece sulla guida del gruppo del partito in parlamento, dopo aver conquistato 89 seggi all’Assemblea Nazionale all’inizio di quest’anno. Marine Le Pen rimane la fonte del potere reale ed è ancora la probabile candidata alle prossime elezioni presidenziali del 2027.

                         Rivolgendosi al partito, Bardella ha detto di voler unire tutti coloro che vogliono riportare la Francia sulla strada giusta. Con noi, il popolo francese avrà sempre la priorità in patria e non intendiamo rinunciare a servire il nostro popolo per primo. Cresciuto in una famiglia povera di origine italiana nella periferia parigina, Bardella si è unito all’estrema destra da adolescente ed è salito rapidamente ai vertici del partito, diventandone il presidente ad interim lo scorso anno. Ha condotto con successo la campagna elettorale del RN per le elezioni europee del 2019 e da allora ha impressionato anche i suoi nemici con la sua assertività nei dibattiti.

                         Ha fatto questo per concentrarsi sulla sua candidatura alle presidenziali, che alla fine ha perso in aprile al ballottaggio con il presidente Emmanuel Macron. Nonostante la sconfitta, due mesi dopo ha guidato la campagna elettorale parlamentare del partito, in cui il RN ha conquistato 89 seggi – un aumento di 10 volte e il miglior risultato di sempre del partito. Il successo dell’estrema destra e della sinistra in quelle elezioni ha portato il partito del presidente Macron a perdere la maggioranza.

* * * * * * *

«France’s far-right National Rally (RN) has confirmed 27-year-old Jordan Bardella as the replacement as party leader for Marine Le Pen. Ms Le Pen will focus instead on leading the party’s group in parliament, after it took 89 seats in the National Assembly earlier this year. Marine Le Pen remains the source of real power and she is still the likely candidate in the next presidential election in 2027.»

«Addressing the party, Mr Bardella said he sought to unite all those who want to put France back on the right track. With us, the people of France will always have priority at home and we do not intend to give up on serving our people first. Brought up in a poor family of Italian origin in the Paris suburbs, Mr Bardella joined the far-right as a teenager and rose quickly to the top of the party, becoming its acting president last year. He ran the RN’s successful 2019 European election campaign, and has since impressed even his enemies with his assertiveness in debates.»

«She did so in order to focus on her presidential bid, which she eventually lost in April in a run-off to President Emmanuel Macron. Despite the defeat, she fronted the party’s parliamentary election campaign two months later in which the RN won 89 seats – a 10-fold rise and the party’s best-ever showing. The success of the far-right and the left in those elections led to President Macron’s party losing its majority.»

* * * * * * *


Jordan Bardella: French National Rally has new leader to replace Le Pen.

France’s far-right National Rally (RN) has confirmed 27-year-old Jordan Bardella as the replacement as party leader for Marine Le Pen.

Ms Le Pen will focus instead on leading the party’s group in parliament, after it took 89 seats in the National Assembly earlier this year.

It marks the first time in its 50-year history that the main far-right party has not been led by a Le Pen.

But the move does not mark a major change in direction for the party.

Marine Le Pen remains the source of real power and she is still the likely candidate in the next presidential election in 2027.

She told the party on Saturday that she was not disappearing from politics.

“I am not leaving RN to take a holiday. I will be there where the country needs me,” she said at the party convention.

Addressing the party, Mr Bardella said he sought to unite all those who want to put France back on the right track.

“With us, the people of France will always have priority at home and we do not intend to give up on serving our people first,” he said.

“We will finally be the friends and the road to recovery that the country needs to ward off 40 years of mistakes, of letting go, of resignation and cowardice.”

Brought up in a poor family of Italian origin in the Paris suburbs, Mr Bardella joined the far-right as a teenager and rose quickly to the top of the party, becoming its acting president last year.

He ran the RN’s successful 2019 European election campaign, and has since impressed even his enemies with his assertiveness in debates.

He is seen as loyal to Ms Le Pen, telling AFP news agency recently that he is a “continuity candidate with the aim of building on the incredible legacy that Marine is handing over”.

His elevation to the party’s senior leadership is part of the RN’s efforts to soften its image and attract younger voters.

Like Ms Le Pen he likes to portray himself as a new type of nationalist who has little in common with the racism and anti-Semitism of the party’s predecessor, the National Front.

However, critics say that these sentiments still exist within the party.

In the most recent controversy, a RN lawmaker was suspended for two weeks from the National Assembly for making an allegedly racist remark while a black member of parliament was speaking.

Ms Le Pen stepped down last year as leader of the party, which she had headed since she succeeded her father Jean-Marie Le Pen in 2011. She did so in order to focus on her presidential bid, which she eventually lost in April in a run-off to President Emmanuel Macron.

Despite the defeat, she fronted the party’s parliamentary election campaign two months later in which the RN won 89 seats – a 10-fold rise and the party’s best-ever showing.

The success of the far-right and the left in those elections led to President Macron’s party losing its majority.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Problemia Energetici

Finlandia. L’Inverno si avvicina ed il blackout energetico sarà la norma.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-11-03.

2022-10-30__ Finlandia 001

                         Nel cuore dell’inverno, la Finlandia può essere un luogo miserabile. Le temperature scendono spesso sotto i -20°C e, nei mesi più bui dell’anno, Helsinki riceve meno di sei ore di luce al giorno. Per combattere gli elementi, la Finlandia è diventata l’economia più energivora dell’UE. Ma con l’avvicinarsi dell’inverno, il Paese si sta preparando ad affrontare i blackout programmati in risposta ai tagli energetici russi. Sebbene l’energia russa rappresenti solo una piccola parte dell’approvvigionamento totale della Finlandia, la sua perdita rischia di avere un impatto enorme e i finlandesi sono costretti a scegliere tra opzioni sbagliate.

                         Se le interruzioni programmate non dovessero avere luogo, ha dichiarato Arto Pahkin, responsabile delle operazioni di rete presso la Fingrid Oyj, che sovrintende alla rete elettrica del Paese, si verificherebbe un’interruzione nazionale su larga scala e la gente potrebbe morire. La Finlandia è al centro della crisi energetica europea. A maggio, la Russia ha interrotto la vendita di elettricità e gas al Paese come evidente ritorsione per la sua opposizione alla guerra in Ucraina e per la decisione di aderire alla NATO. Mentre i Paesi della regione si preparano ad affrontare un inverno difficile, la Finlandia è particolarmente a rischio, poiché una perdita di energia potrebbe esporre i residenti a condizioni minacciose nel giro di poche ore.

                         Tuttavia, un po’ di sollievo potrebbe arrivare nei prossimi mesi, quando il piccolo Paese nordico metterà finalmente in funzione il più grande reattore nucleare d’Europa, dopo un ritardo di quasi 14 anni. Fino ad allora, i finlandesi stanno facendo scorta di legna da ardere, stufe a gas e generatori diesel, e stanno prendendo in mano la situazione riducendo l’uso dell’elettricità. Ha fatto scorta di cibo, preferendo le tortillas e i taco alla pasta e al riso. Ho un sacco a pelo che può tenermi al caldo fino a -20°C, ha aggiunto. Lo tirerò fuori se ne avrò bisogno.

* * * * * * *

«In the dead of winter, Finland can be a miserable place. Temperatures often dip below -20C, and in the darkest months of the year, Helsinki gets less than six hours of light a day. To fight the elements, Finland has become the most energy-intensive economy in the EU. But with winter approaching, the country is bracing for rolling blackouts, planned in response to Russian energy cuts. Although Russian energy only made up a small fraction of Finland’s total supply, its loss threatens to have a huge impact, and Finns are being forced to choose between bad options.»

«If the planned outages don’t take place, said Arto Pahkin, a network operations manager at Fingrid Oyj, which oversees the country’s electricity grid, there would a national large-scale disruption and people could die. Finland is at the sharp end of Europe’s energy crisis. In May, Russia stopped selling the country electricity and gas as evident retaliation for its opposition to the war in Ukraine and decision to join NATO. While countries across the region are bracing for a difficult winter, Finland is especially at risk as a loss of energy could expose residents to threatening conditions in a matter of hours»

«Some relief could come in the next few months, however, when the small Nordic country finally brings Europe’s biggest nuclear reactor into regular use after an almost 14-year delay. Until then, Finns are stocking up on firewood, gas heaters and diesel generators, and taking matters into their own hands by reducing electricity use. She’s stocked up on food, opting for tortillas and taco fillings over pasta and rice. I have a sleeping bag that can keep me warm to -20C,” she added. I’ll pull that out if I need to.»

* * * * * * *


Darkest Days of Winter Have Finland Bracing for Blackouts

Authorities have warned Nordic country may see rolling outages

End of Russian power imports have made Finland more vulnerable

* * * * * * *

In the dead of winter, Finland can be a miserable place. Temperatures often dip below -20C, and in the darkest months of the year, Helsinki gets less than six hours of light a day. 

To fight the elements, Finland has become the most energy-intensive economy in the EU. But with winter approaching, the country is bracing for rolling blackouts, planned in response to Russian energy cuts. Although Russian energy only made up a small fraction of Finland’s total supply, its loss threatens to have a huge impact, and Finns are being forced to choose between bad options.  

If the planned outages don’t take place, said Arto Pahkin, a network operations manager at Fingrid Oyj, which oversees the country’s electricity grid, there would a national large-scale disruption and “people could die.” 

Finland is at the sharp end of Europe’s energy crisis. In May, Russia stopped selling the country electricity and gas as evident retaliation for its opposition to the war in Ukraine and decision to join NATO. While countries across the region are bracing for a difficult winter, Finland is especially at risk as a loss of energy could expose residents to threatening conditions in a matter of hours. 

At the same time, perhaps no country is better prepared to deal with the consequences if the power stays off.

For years, the defense ministry has published booklets about what to do in the event of a power failure, advising people to keep battery-operated radios at home, along with enough food, water and medical supplies to last 72 hours. Even before the war in Ukraine, an estimated third of Finnish citizens had these supplies on hand. 

Mervi Pirttikoski-Takala, an accountant who lives in the Helsinki metropolitan area, said she is already cutting back on electricity use by turning off her underfloor heating when it isn’t needed.

“We have added extra carpets on the floors and purchased flashlights,” said the 53-year-old, noting that the cold is “a small trouble” compared to what Ukrainians are going through. 

What’s happening now is the culmination of years of planning. In September 2014, officials cut power to 70,000 people in the Arctic town of Rovaniemi to see how an abrupt, large-scale power failures would play out in real life. The exercise was designed to let authorities practice a so-called blackstart, in which the power system is brought back up without any help from imported energy. According to Pahkin, who participated in the activity, it was a wake-up call, prompting authorities to overhaul their approach.  

Had that not happened, “we’d be in dire straits,” he said. Training exercises have been regularly scheduled ever since, with the most recent held this September in Helsinki.

While Finland hasn’t experienced a blackout stemming from a national grid failure since 1974, the threat remains present if imports can’t be secured. Unlike neighbors Sweden and Norway, which enjoy plentiful hydro-power reserves, Finland has few domestic energy resources, buys almost all of its fossil energy, and relies on imports to cover shortfalls. Some relief could come in the next few months, however, when the small Nordic country finally brings Europe’s biggest nuclear reactor into regular use after an almost 14-year delay. 

Until then, Finns are stocking up on firewood, gas heaters and diesel generators, and taking matters into their own hands by reducing electricity use. In addition to asking people to lower indoor temperatures, take shorter showers and use more public transportation, the government has adopted its own energy-saving initiatives, which include shortening the hours of the parliament’s in-house sauna.    

The attitude of Marja Lyhty, a 52-year-old former peacekeeper, captures the blend of resignation and resourcefulness that has come to characterize the Finnish approach. She’s stocked up on food, opting for tortillas and taco fillings over pasta and rice.

“I have a sleeping bag that can keep me warm to -20C,” she added. “I’ll pull that out if I need to.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea

Italia. M5S supera il pd che perde un altro 2.0% rispetto le passate elezioni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-29.

Letta Enrico Vignetta 001

«Il sondaggio realizzato da Alessandra Ghisleri per Euromedia conferma l’aumento dei consensi per il M5s che guadagna oltre un punto percentuale arrivando al 17.3%, e il contestuale calo del Pd che al contrario scende alla terza posizione con il 17%, perdendo un ulteriore 2%.»

«Il centrodestra, Fdi-Lega-Fi-Noi Moderati, raggiungerebbe il 45.4%, mentre il centrosinistra, Pd-Verdi e Si-+Europa-Impegno Civico, si ferma al 23.4%.»

* * * * * * *

Reduce dalla performance canora quando a Bruxelles ha gorgheggiato ‘bella ciao’ assieme ad altri tre sodali – in passato erano in nove – il buon Enrico Letta ha dato sfogo al suo infernale livore rovesciando sulla Italia la sua ossessiva impotenza. Lui la chiama ‘opposizione dura’. Con 78 parlamentari litigiosi come gatti in lotta per godere le grazie della gatta in calore. Totalmente ininfluenti. Quando parlano in Parlamento nessuno li sta a sentire: contano nulla. In ogni caso Enrico Letta è adesso causa efficiente di una emorragia di consensi che determina una ulteriore crescita del M5s.  La sua opposizione dura è un balsamo per M5S e centrodestra.

Il popolo libero e civile augura ad Enrico Letta buona salute e grande resistenza a proseguire con questa opposizione dura fino alla estinzione del partito democratico.

* * * * * * *


Sondaggio Euromedia: il M5S supera il Pd, Meloni vola oltre il 28%

Non accadeva dal 2019, e questa è la notizia. Il M5s di corto muso sul Pd diventa secondo partito in Italia a un mese dalle elezioni. Il sondaggio realizzato da Alessandra Ghisleri per Euromedia Research e diffuso ieri sera, giovedì 27 ottobre a Porta a Porta, conferma l’aumento dei consensi per il M5s che guadagna oltre un punto percentuale arrivando al 17,3%, e il contestuale calo del Pd che al contrario scende alla terza posizione con il 17, perdendo un ulteriore 2%.

Viaggia a vele spiegate nel centrodestra il partito di maggioranza, Fratelli d’Italia, raggiungendo il 28,4% (+2,2 rispetto al risultato elettorale del 25 settembre) confermandosi così primo partito italiano e Giorgia Meloni leader indiscussa della coalizione. La Lega è in leggero recupero, al 9,5%, mentre Forza Italia che scende al 6.7% e si fa scavalcare nelle intenzioni di voto anche da Azione-Italia Viva, adesso in quinta posizione, che arriva all’8,3.

Il trend fotografato da Ghisleri racconta il sorpasso di Giuseppe Conte su Enrico Letta, anche se la crescita del Movimento – e la flessione dei dem – era già in atto da prima delle elezioni e aveva stretto la forbice lo scorso 25 settembre (19 contro 15,4%). Il recupero è poi proseguito con ancora maggiore forza dopo il voto. Il sondaggio di Euromedia Research fa emergere un sorpasso già avvenuto e, se il trend dovesse proseguire, l’emorragia di consensi per il Pd potrebbe portare a un’ulteriore crescita del M5s.

Nel Nazareno crescono i malumori per la gestione post elettorale, per il congresso non ancora programmato che dovrebbe svolgersi però la prima metà di gennaio, per un inizio di opposizione che per il momento resta mite e ha portato persino qualche autogol (come nel caso della risposta di Meloni alla deputata Serracchiani durante il dibattito sulla fiducia alla Camera). Al contrario, proprio il discorso di Conte a Montecitorio ha scatenato la reazione della maggioranza e sembra aver rinvigorito ancora l’azione del M5s da forza di opposizione.

Nel centrodestra continua la ‘luna di Meloni’ con i suoi elettori. Effetto amplificato della vittoria alle urne e dell’arrivo a Palazzo Chigi che ora dovrà essere messo alla prova quando il governo dovrà varare le prime misure per affrontare le emergenze che ha davanti. Non sembra aver pagato FI in termini percentuali invece, la decisione di Silvio Berlusconi andare allo scontro proprio con la premier.

Euromedia rileva anche la discesa dell’alleanza Verdi e Sinistra che arriva al 3,4%, +Europa cala leggermente al 2,6%, Italexit è al 2,6%, Noi Moderati al 0,8% e Impegno Civico rimane stabile allo 0,4%. Ghisleri ha anche dato un valore complessivo agli schieramenti: il centrodestra (Fdi-Lega-Fi-Noi Moderati) raggiungerebbe il 45,4%, mentre il centrosinistra (Pd-Verdi e Si-+Europa-Impegno Civico) si ferma al 23,4%.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Europea, Problemia Energetici, Russia

Russia. La distruzione delle forniture elettriche spinge i rifugiati congelati verso l’UE.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-28.

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                         La distruzione delle forniture elettriche dell’Ucraina da parte della Russia ha lo scopo di spingere i rifugiati congelati verso l’UE, ha avvertito Kiev.

                         La Russia sta prendendo di mira esclusivamente le infrastrutture civili per provocare un disastro totale che potrebbe portare a una nuova ondata migratoria di cittadini ucraini verso l’UE L’aggressore sta bombardando non solo le sottostazioni chiave di Ukrenergo, l’operatore di rete dell’Ucraina, ma anche le apparecchiature di generazione / infrastruttura di rete delle centrali termiche e degli impianti di cogenerazione chiave.

                         Gli operatori energetici russi stanno contribuendo a distruggere il sistema energetico ucraino. Consigliano i militari su quali oggetti colpire per primi, poiché conoscono il sistema energetico ucraino fin dall’epoca dell’Unione Sovietica (URSS). La Russia sta provocando una nuova ondata migratoria di ucraini verso i Paesi dell’Unione Europea.

                         I missili russi hanno continuato a colpire obiettivi ucraini per l’approvvigionamento energetico durante il fine settimana.

                         Si prevede che altri 750,000 ucraini ancora all’interno del Paese si sposteranno in cerca di riscaldamento e di un alloggio a causa dell’abbassamento delle temperature. Alla vigilia della stagione invernale, centinaia di migliaia di famiglie [ucraine] rimangono senza elettricità e gas.

* * * * * * *

«Russia’s destruction of Ukraine’s power supplies is meant to push freezing refugees into the EU, Kyiv has warned.

Russia is targeting exclusively civil infrastructure to provoke a total disaster that could lead to a new wave of migration of Ukrainian citizens to the EU The aggressor is shelling not only the key substations of Ukrenergo, Ukraine’s grid operator, but the generating equipment/grid infrastructure of thermal power plants and key co-generation plants as well»

«Russian energy workers are helping to destroy Ukraine’s energy system. They advise the military on which objects to hit first as they know Ukraine’s energy system since the epoch of Soviet Union (USSR). Russia is provoking a new wave of migration of Ukrainians to European Union countries.»

«Russian missiles continued to strike Ukrainian power-supply targets over the weekend.»

«Another 750,000 more still inside the country were expected to move in seek of heating and housing as temperatures fell. “On the eve of the winter season, hundreds of thousands of [Ukrainian] households remain without electricity and gas»

* * * * * * *

Putin weaponising winter against the EU, Kyiv warns

Russia’s destruction of Ukraine’s power supplies is meant to push freezing refugees into the EU, Kyiv has warned.

“Russia is targeting exclusively civil infrastructure to provoke a total disaster that could lead to a new wave of migration of Ukrainian citizens to the EU,” Ukraine said in a diplomatic note circulated in Brussels on Friday (21 October) in the margins of the EU summit and seen by EUobserver.

“The aggressor is shelling not only the key substations of Ukrenergo, Ukraine’s grid operator, but the generating equipment/grid infrastructure of thermal power plants and key co-generation plants as well,” the memo said.

“This attack was unprovoked, had no military purpose other than to terrorise the people of Ukraine and create a total disaster in the country,” it said.

“Russian energy workers are helping to destroy Ukraine’s energy system. They advise the military on which objects to hit first as they know Ukraine’s energy system since the epoch of Soviet Union (USSR),” it added, highlighting the systematic nature of Russian president Vladimir Putin’s campaign.

The message was also pressed home by Ukrainian president Volodomyr Zelensky personally in his video-address to EU leaders.

“Russia is provoking a new wave of migration of Ukrainians to European Union countries,” he said on Thursday (20 October).

Russian missiles continued to strike Ukrainian power-supply targets over the weekend.

Temperatures in parts of Ukraine fall to below minus 30 degrees Celsius in winter.

Some 4.3 million Ukrainians have already fled to the EU since Russia invaded in February.

Another 750,000 more still inside the country were expected to move in seek of heating and housing as temperatures fell, the Czech EU presidency estimated in mid-October, in a figure likely to have ballooned by now.

“On the eve of the winter season, hundreds of thousands of [Ukrainian] households remain without electricity and gas,” the Ukrainian memo also said.

Europeans have been welcoming toward Ukrainian refugees so far.

But soaring living costs and energy prices in Europe meant “EU citizens may find it more difficult to continue providing temporary shelter in their own homes” as winter approaches, the Czechs warned.

Russian disinformation was also trying to stigmatise refugees, it added.

Putin has a track record of using migration to try to destabilise the EU, by provoking clashes between right and left-wing politicians.

His ally, Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenka, forced tens of thousands of mostly Arab migrants into Poland and the Baltic states in 2021, in what the EU at the time called “hybrid warfare”.

Putin’s bombing of civilian targets in Syria in 2016 to push people to the EU via Turkey was described at the time by US general Philip Breedlove as “deliberately weaponising migration”.

Kyiv listed power-supply items, such as transformers, that Ukraine needed from the EU to keep the lights on.

It also listed the dozens of Ukrainian energy infrastructure pieces that Russia had demolished, writing before this weekend’s latest attacks.

“We need to cut the flow of Russia’s fossil revenues. Since the start of the war, EU payments for Russian fuel are over €100 billion,” Ukraine said, as EU countries continue to buy Russian oil and gas for now.

“We call on our international partners to establish an escrow account and to repurpose payments for Russian gas to the needs of repair of damages to Ukrainian infrastructure,” Zelensky’s government said.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Russia

Russia. Priva l’Ukraina di acqua ed elettricità. Temperatura media 7°C. L’inverno è vicino.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-10-19.

2022-10-16__ Centrale elettrica 001

                         L’Ucraina sta affrontando le conseguenze degli attacchi missilistici, con forniture di energia elettrica e acqua ancora danneggiate in molte località dopo che la Russia ha preso di mira le infrastrutture critiche. Sembra che la Russia stia intensificando i suoi attacchi alle strutture e ai sistemi energetici dell’Ucraina, con una serie di attacchi missilistici che questa settimana hanno colpito in modo particolare tali infrastrutture, lasciando migliaia di ucraini senza acqua e senza elettricità.

                         Questa settimana l’Ucraina ha dovuto affrontare una serie di attacchi missilistici russi contro le sue infrastrutture energetiche, che hanno causato la perdita diffusa di acqua e di energia elettrica, danneggiando la rete di comunicazione e provocando blackout nelle città di tutto il Paese. Gli attacchi hanno colpito centinaia di migliaia di ucraini e si teme che questi attacchi, e la probabilità che la Russia continui a prendere di mira le infrastrutture critiche, lascino i civili molto vulnerabili con l’avvicinarsi dell’inverno.

                         Gli ultimi dati in nostro possesso indicano che circa il 30% delle infrastrutture energetiche ucraine è stato danneggiato. 10 centrali termiche e 19 sottostazioni elettriche sono state danneggiate. Centinaia di migliaia di ucraini sono stati privati dell’acqua, dell’elettricità e del calore, mentre la temperatura media dell’Ucraina è di circa 45 gradi Fahrenheit (circa 7 gradi Celsius) in questo momento. L’Ucraina ha interrotto l’esportazione di elettricità verso l’UE (iniziata a luglio) all’inizio di questa settimana e il governo ha anche invitato gli ucraini a limitare il consumo di energia, in particolare nelle ore di punta.

* * * * * * *

«Ukraine is dealing with the aftermath of missile attacks with power and water supplies still damaged in many locations after critical infrastructure was targeted by Russia. Russia appears to be ramping up its targeting of Ukraine’s energy facilities and systems with a series of missile attacks this week singling out such infrastructure and leaving thousands of Ukrainians without water and power.»

«Ukraine has been dealing with a spate of Russian missile attacks on its energy infrastructure this week, causing the widespread loss of water and power supplies, damaging its communications network and prompting blackouts in cities across the country. They affected hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians and there are concerns that such attacks, and the likelihood of Russia continuing to target critical infrastructure, leaves civilians very vulnerable as winter approaches»

«The latest figures that we have is that about 30% of Ukraine’s energy infrastructure has been damaged. 10 thermal power stations and 19 electrical substations had been damaged. Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians were deprived of water, electricity and heat while the average temperature of Ukraine is around 45 degrees Fahrenheit (around 7 degrees Celsius) right now. Ukraine halted the export of electricity to the EU (which began in July) earlier this week and the government also called on Ukrainians to limit their energy use, particularly at peak times»

* * * * * * *


Russia looks to deprive Ukrainians of water and electricity as winter approaches.

– Ukraine is dealing with the aftermath of missile attacks with power and water supplies still damaged in many locations after critical infrastructure was targeted by Russia.

– Russia appears to be ramping up its targeting of Ukraine’s energy facilities and systems with a series of missile attacks this week singling out such infrastructure and leaving thousands of Ukrainians without water and power.

* * * * * * *

Ukraine has been dealing with a spate of Russian missile attacks on its energy infrastructure this week, causing the widespread loss of water and power supplies, damaging its communications network and prompting blackouts in cities across the country.

They affected hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians and there are concerns that such attacks, and the likelihood of Russia continuing to target critical infrastructure, leaves civilians very vulnerable as winter approaches.

“The latest figures that we have is that about 30% of Ukraine’s energy infrastructure has been damaged and the government is doing everything they can to ensure that everything is quickly restored,” Yuriy Sak, an advisor to Ukraine’s Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov, told CNBC Wednesday.

“With the winter coming, such attacks could present grave risk to the civilian population,” he added.

Air raid sirens sounded out across multiple regions in Ukraine earlier this week with the emergency services and regional authorities having to deal with the death, damage and destruction caused by Russian strikes on Kyiv in the north, the major city of Lviv in the west, Zaporizhzhia in the south and the Donbas in the east.

The strikes by Russia were widely seen as a retaliation following a blast that damaged its prized Kerch Strait Bridge, linking the Russian mainland with Crimea (which it illegally annexed in 2014) and used to supply its troops in southern Ukraine.

Kyiv did not claim responsibility for the attack but that didn’t stop Moscow from inflicting a series of strikes on critical infrastructure and civilian targets including residential buildings, educational centers and other public spaces, despite denying it targets such locations.

During the Russian shelling on Monday alone, 10 thermal power stations and 19 electrical substations had been damaged as well as 54 residential buildings, according to Ukraine’s Minister of Communities and Territory Development Oleksii Chernyshov.

“Hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians were deprived of water, electricity and heat while the average temperature of Ukraine is around 45 degrees Fahrenheit (around 7 degrees Celsius) right now,” he said Wednesday, addressing a session of the Atlantic Council.

Since Oct. 3, he added, a total of 527 objects of critical infrastructure in the field of heat supply had been damaged as a result of Russia’s aggression. “My team and I are now working to restore the infrastructure as soon as possible … however we lack resources,” he said.

Chernyshov said that Ukraine needs four specific things to ensure Ukraine can get through these “tough times”: Mobile water treatment stations, mobile thermal power stations, diesel or gas generators and alternative fuels. The need for these things, he said “grows as we speak right now.”

Ukraine halted the export of electricity to the EU (which began in July) earlier this week and the government also called on Ukrainians to limit their energy use, particularly at peak times.

                         Deliberate targeting

Russia openly admits targeting Ukraine’s energy infrastructure. On Tuesday, the Russian defense ministry issued a military update on Telegram stating that its forces continue to launch “massive” attacks “using high-precision long-range air and sea-based armament at the facilities of military control and energy system of Ukraine.”

Ukraine has, unsurprisingly, slammed Russia’s targeting of energy facilities with President Volodymyr Zelenskyy saying Monday that energy facilities across the country had been hit and that Russia wanted to sow “panic and chaos.”

On Tuesday, following subsequent strikes on such facilities, Foreign Minister Dmytryo Kuleba said such acts were “war crimes planned well in advance and aimed at creating unbearable conditions for civilians — Russia’s deliberate strategy since months.”

By Thursday this week, Ukraine’s national grid operator said that power had been almost entirely restored in the country. National energy company Ukrenergo warned that it had more work to do to properly fix supplies, however.

“The employees of Ukrenergo are dead tired but very satisfied because they restored power supply after the largest attack on the power system of an independent country in world history,” Ukrenergo said in a post on Telegram.

Ukrenegro said that Russia’s attacks were the biggest of their type in modern history. “Before World War II, there were no such advanced power grids, and after World War II there were no such large-scale military attacks targeting power infrastructure.”

The energy operator also warned that while it has been able to restore lost power supplies, “this does not mean that we have restored everything that was destroyed and damaged.” 

“We have found ways to provide current, but there is still a lot of work ahead,” it warned, asking Ukrainians to consume power wisely, especially at peak times in the morning and evening.

It noted that 700 Ukrenergo energy workers in 40 repair teams are working to restore networks 24/7. “Please help them — don’t turn on too much and don’t use many electrical appliances at the same time,” it added.