Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Persona Umana

Catalogna. 400,000 sfilano in piazza a Barcellona per la indipendenza. La Diada.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-14.

2021-09-14__ Catalogna 001

Si constata come in Spagna sussista una incapacità strutturale del governo madrileno a gestire in modo razionale il problema del separatismo catalano.

In Catalogna l’11 settembre è la ricorrenza della Diada, quando nel 1714 la Spagna conquistò militarmente la Catalogna.

* * * * * * *

«Thousands of Catalans chanted, sang and waved flags as they marched through Barcelona on Saturday, calling for the region’s independence from Spain»

«The march, organised by the grassroots Assemblea Nacional Catalana ANC, was the first since Spain’s government pardoned nine Catalan separatist leaders who had been jailed for their role in a 2017 botched bid for independence»

«Most marchers wore face coverings. Police said about 108,000 people took part. ANC put the figure close to 400,000»

«The figure was lower than in 2019, when about 600,000 marched»

«Some of the nine pardoned politicians and activists attended Saturday’s protests»

«In Catalonia, Sept. 11 marks La Diada, the anniversary of the fall of Barcelona to Spanish forces in 1714 and it has been marked in the past decade by separatist rallies»

«For the first time in four years, nine very special people have participated in La Diada again. The political prisoners are back on the streets»

«Those who ask us to turn the page and do not want us to fight for self-determination… What is Spain’s plan for Catalonia? None. Only repression and more repression»

«The central and regional governments are expected to meet next week in Barcelona to resume talks on Catalonia’s political conflict»

* * * * * * *

Il 14 febbraio 2021, nelle elezioni anticipate per il Parlamento regionale, l’insieme dei partiti indipendentisti raggiunge il maggior numero di seggi in parlamento (74 su 135) e di voti in percentuale (50.9%, arrivando per la prima volta alla maggioranza assoluta dei votanti).

Di certo, a nostro sommesso punto di vista, il problema dell’indipendentismo catalano non può essere risolto con l’ulteriore invio dell’esercito, come successe in passato, anche se usualmente nella storia le separazioni sono state cruente. La libertà la si conquista e la si mantiene versando del sangue.

*


Thousands of Catalans rally for independence in Barcelona

Barcelona, Sept 11 (Reuters) – Thousands of Catalans chanted, sang and waved flags as they marched through Barcelona on Saturday, calling for the region’s independence from Spain.

The march, organised by the grassroots Assemblea Nacional Catalana ANC, was the first since Spain’s government pardoned nine Catalan separatist leaders who had been jailed for their role in a 2017 botched bid for independence, which was Spain’s biggest political crisis in decades.

Most marchers wore face coverings. Police said about 108,000 people took part. ANC put the figure close to 400,000.

The figure was lower than in 2019, when about 600,000 marched, and last year, when only small static protests were organised to comply with COVID-19 restrictions.

Some of the nine pardoned politicians and activists attended Saturday’s protests. In Catalonia, Sept. 11 marks La Diada, the anniversary of the fall of Barcelona to Spanish forces in 1714 and it has been marked in the past decade by separatist rallies.

“For the first time in four years, nine very special people have participated in La Diada again. The political prisoners are back on the streets,” said ANC chairwoman Elisenda Paluzie.

Cultural activist Jordi Cuixart, who was among those jailed, urged the crowd to continue to fight for independence.

“Those who ask us to turn the page and do not want us to fight for self-determination… What is Spain’s plan for Catalonia? None. Only repression and more repression,” he said.

The protests took place at a moment of lower tension between Barcelona and Madrid than in past years as the central and regional governments favour dialogue despite their opposing views on independence.

The central and regional governments are expected to meet next week in Barcelona to resume talks on Catalonia’s political conflict, which have been suspended since Feb. 2020.

Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has not confirmed yet whether he will attend, and the talks risk being overshadowed by a recent clash between both governments related to Barcelona’s airport.

The Spanish government has said it is cancelling a proposed 1.7-billion-euro ($2-billion) investment to expand the airport, saying it lacked backing from regional authorities who have questioned its potential environmental impact while accusing Madrid of acting dishonestly.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Europea

Belarus. Dopo Cipro, Austria blocca le sanzioni EU sulle banche.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-06-21.

Belarus Bielorussia 001

L’Unione Europea ha raggiunto alla fine un accordo.

«- Sanctions to hit potash, oil and finance

– Tougher measures follow blacklisting of individuals

 Lukashenko so far impervious to foreign pressure

The European Union is set to ban new loans to Belarus after reaching a deal on Friday for economic sanctions on Minsk as punishment for forcing down a flight to arrest a journalist, the Austrian foreign ministry and three diplomats said.» [Reuters. 2021-06-19]

* * * * * * *


«Austria has been blocking new EU sanctions on loans to Belarusian banks so that Austrian lenders can keep making money with the oppressive regime there»

«Austrian diplomats upheld their objections in the latest round of talks in the EU Council in Brussels on Thursday (17 June)»

«They [the Austrians] want to water down the language to such an extent that the banking sanctions have almost no real impact»

«It’s a clear case of putting financial interests before principles»

«Austria advocates, in this respect, a ban on securities trading and money-market instruments, which would represent a drastic measure»

«It is of high importance for Austria that financial sanctions do not target the population of Belarus»

«It is in our common interest that Belarus is not pushed even further into the sphere of influence of Russia»

«Europe is preparing to blacklist another 78 Belarusian regime cronies and eight regime-linked firms next week»

«Whatever Austrian diplomats say, Austrian banks have, in any case, been keen to profit from Belarus’ misery»

«Austrian banks are now responsible for some 90 percent of interbank loans in Belarus»

«Austria’s Raiffeisen Bank, for instance, even has a Belarusian subsidiary, called Priorbank, which also loans money directly to regime-owned enterprises»

«the head of Belarus’ top oil firm, Belarusneft CEO Alexander Lyakov, sits on Priorbank’s board ….  »

«They [Raiffeisen] are the shit-flushers in the world of banks. They dive in shit for gold»

* * * * * * *

Unione Europea. Cipro blocca le sanzioni europarlamentari alla Bielorussia.

Unione Europea in coma. Cipro blocca nuovamente le sanzioni alla Bielorussia.

Bielorussia. Kolesnikova. Le fake news non arrivano da quel posto.

Belarus. Punto della situazione. I tempi sono mutati. – Cnn.

The brazen arrest of a Belarusian activist has terrified dissidents all over the world

*


Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile.

«It is of high importance for Austria that financial sanctions do not target the population of Belarus»

È comune sentire che gli austriaci siano dei filantropi disinteressati, i quali hanno a cuore esclusivamente il benessere  del popolo bielorusso.

Esattamente come tutti sanno la loro incondizionata adesione all’Europa, per cui non vogliono spingere il Belarus nelle braccia della Russia.

Ma! C’è sempre un ‘ma’ usato nel più britannico senso.

«Austrian banks are now responsible for some 90 percent of interbank loans in Belarus»

«Austria’s Raiffeisen Bank, for instance, has a Belarusian subsidiary, called Priorbank»

«the head of Belarus’ top oil firm, Belarusneft CEO Alexander Lyakov, sits on Priorbank’s board ….  »

La conclusione sarebbe invero semplice.

«It’s a clear case of putting financial interests before principles»

«They [Raiffeisen] are the shit-flushers in the world of banks. They dive in shit for gold»

*

Le grandi affermazioni filantropiche e l’invocazione degli ‘human right’ mimetizzano solitamente sordidi affari.

*


Austria blocking EU sanctions on Belarus banks

Austria has been blocking new EU sanctions on loans to Belarusian banks so that Austrian lenders can keep making money with the oppressive regime there.

Austrian diplomats upheld their objections in the latest round of talks in the EU Council in Brussels on Thursday (17 June).

“They [the Austrians] want to water down the language to such an extent that the banking sanctions have almost no real impact,” a diplomat from another EU country told EUobserver.

“It’s a clear case of putting financial interests before principles,” a second diplomat added.

“It’s 26 [member states] against one, so I think they’ll have to capitulate in the end,” a third EU source said.

When asked about the case by press in Brussels on Thursday, the Austrian finance minister, Gernot Blümel, claimed to know nothing about it.

But the Austrian foreign ministry did issue a statement to this website.

“Sanctions should also cover the financial sector. Austria advocates, in this respect, a ban on securities trading and money-market instruments, which would represent a drastic measure,” it said.

“It is of high importance for Austria that financial sanctions do not target the population of Belarus,” it added.

“It is in our common interest that Belarus is not pushed even further into the sphere of influence of Russia,” it said.

The new economic sanctions are also going to hit Belarus’ oil, fertiliser, and cigarette industries and are meant to be ready before the EU institutions’ summer recess.

They are likely to be mirrored by Canada, the UK, and the US, which are in close talks with the EU.

And Europe is preparing to blacklist another 78 Belarusian regime cronies and eight regime-linked firms next week.

The moves come after Belarus hijacked a passenger plane flying from Greece to Lithuania to kidnap an opposition activist.

But they are also a reaction to wider brutality, including torture of political prisoners, which Belarus president Aleksander Lukashenko unleashed after rigged elections last August.

Meanwhile, Austria’s line – about the welfare of Belarusian people and pushing Belarus toward Russia – were described as typical canards by one of the EU sources.

“It’s impossible to impose any economic sanctions without causing some job losses and it’s Lukashenko, not the EU, who is moving his country closer to Russia by his actions,” the source said.

Whatever Austrian diplomats say, Austrian banks have, in any case, been keen to profit from Belarus’ misery.

Even as banks from other EU states began to voluntarily pull out of the Belarusian market last year, Austrian ones increased their share, sources said.

Austrian banks are now responsible for some 90 percent of interbank loans in Belarus, two EU sources told this website.

Austria’s Raiffeisen Bank, for instance, even has a Belarusian subsidiary, called Priorbank, which also loans money directly to regime-owned enterprises.

When asked if it was worried about its reputation, a Raiffeisen spokeswoman told EUobserver: “We are very concerned about the developments in the country [Belarus] and hope for a peaceful solution”.

“If the EU takes further measures, we hope that they are targeted and don’t harm private companies and worsen the economic situation of the civilian population,” she added.

When asked if Raiffeisen had been in contact with the Austrian government on Belarus sanctions, she also said: “Like any other international company of our size, we regularly communicate with the government”.

But the bank is, in any case, very friendly with Austria’s ruling ÖVP party, amid an ongoing investigation by Austrian prosecutors into allegations of improper party funding.

And it is equally friendly with Lukashenko, given that the head of Belarus’ top oil firm, Belarusneft CEO Alexander Lyakov, sits on Priorbank’s board, in just one of several personal connections to the regime.

And for all its “concern” for a “peaceful solution” to the Belarus crisis, Raiffeisen is despised by the opposition there.

“They [Raiffeisen] are the shit-flushers in the world of banks. They dive in shit for gold,” one Belarusian opposition leader, who asked not to be named for the sake of his personal safety, told EUobserver.

Pubblicato in: Diplomazia, Geopolitica Europea, Russia

Russia espelle sette diplomatici della Slovakia, Lituania, Lettonia ed Estonia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-04-29.

Paesi Baltici 001

«Russia on Wednesday ordered the expulsion of seven diplomats from Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, in retaliation for the expulsion of Russian envoys in the wake of Czech accusations that Russian intelligence was behind a deadly 2014 blast»

«Russia’s foreign ministry gave the three Slovak and two Lithuanian diplomats, as well as an envoy from Latvia and another from Estonia, one week to leave Russia»

«Russia accused the four countries of showing “pseudo-solidarity” with the Czech Republic, which ordered most Russian diplomatic staff in Prague to leave last week after accusing Russian spies of being behind the blast at an ammunition depot»

«Russia denied involvement in that incident»

«Russia has branded the Czech accusations absurd and dismissed the Bulgarian probe»

«Moscow’s latest diplomatic expulsions come days after President Vladimir Putin ordered the government to draw up a list of “unfriendly” states that will be subject to restrictions»

* * * * * * *

Prosegue a pieno ritmo il crescendo di rappresaglie diplomatiche tra i paesi occidentali e la Russia.

Resta al momento molto difficile cercare di capire quando gli animi si acquieteranno.

Se si progredisse su questo confronto, allora solo una azione militare potrebbe diventare possibile e probabile, essendo l’unica opzione dirimente.

*


Russia expels diplomats from Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia.

Russia on Wednesday ordered the expulsion of seven diplomats from Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia, in retaliation for the expulsion of Russian envoys in the wake of Czech accusations that Russian intelligence was behind a deadly 2014 blast.

Moscow and Prague are locked in their biggest row since the end of the Communist era in 1989, which has spiralled into a series of diplomatic disputes with other European Union and NATO countries as Russia’s ties with the West linger at post-Cold War lows.

Russia’s foreign ministry gave the three Slovak and two Lithuanian diplomats, as well as an envoy from Latvia and another from Estonia, one week to leave Russia.

Russia accused the four countries of showing “pseudo-solidarity” with the Czech Republic, which ordered most Russian diplomatic staff in Prague to leave last week after accusing Russian spies of being behind the blast at an ammunition depot.

Meanwhile, Bulgaria said on Wednesday prosecutors were collecting evidence on the possible involvement of six Russians in four explosions between 2011 and 2020 at Bulgarian arms depots that were storing munitions destined for export to Ukraine and Georgia. read more

Russia has branded the Czech accusations absurd and dismissed the Bulgarian probe.

Moscow’s latest diplomatic expulsions come days after President Vladimir Putin ordered the government to draw up a list of “unfriendly” states that will be subject to restrictions.

Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Wednesday the list would soon be published. The ministry’s spokeswoman, Maria Zakharova, has already confirmed the United States would be on it.

Izvestia newspaper reported on Tuesday that the list could also include Poland, the Czech Republic and the three Baltic states.

The two suspects named by Czech authorities in the 2014 ammunition depot explosion, known under the aliases Ruslan Boshirov and Alexander Petrov, were reported by the New York Times in 2019 to be part of the elite Unit 29155 in Russia’s GRU military intelligence service.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said after its publication that the article amounted to “pulp fiction”.

Britain charged the pair in absentia with attempted murder after the poisoning of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter with the nerve agent Novichok in the English city of Salisbury in 2018. Russia denied involvement in that incident.

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Geopolitica Europea

Suez. Disincagliata la EverGreen. Traffico navale in ripresa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-29.

2021-03-29__ Suez 002

«A giant ship that blocked the Suez Canal for nearly a week has been finally freed»

«The 400m-long (1,300ft) Ever Given was wedged across the canal»

«Suez is one of the world’s busiest trade routes, and companies were forced to reroute ships, causing long tailbacks of hundreds of vessels»

«the Ever Given had been refloated at 15:05»

«The vessel was towed to a location outside the channel for further inspection»

«To refloat the 224,000-ton vessel, approximately 30,000 cubic meters of sand was dredged and a total of eleven harbour tugs and two powerful seagoing tugs were deployed»

* * *

«Disruption to global trade will not end with the refloating of the Ever Given»

«there are currently more than 370 ships waiting to pass through the canal, including container vessels, tankers, and bulk carriers»

«Clearing that backlog is expected to take several days»

«They will be joined by other vessels travelling from East Asia to Europe»

«Inevitably, cargoes will be reaching their destination much later than planned, there may be congestion when they arrive in ports»

* * * * * * *

Questo incidente ha dimostrato la fragilità delle linee di comunicazioni marittime tra l’Asia ed il Mediterraneo, e di qui verso gli Stati Uniti.

L’unica alternativa ragionevole potrebbe essere la linea ferroviaria che congiunge la Cina con il blocco europeo, specialmente con i paesi dell’ex est europeo, ma la fragilità resta immutata.

*


Suez Canal: Giant ship blocking Suez Canal finally freed

A giant ship that blocked the Suez Canal for nearly a week has been finally freed, the Egyptian authorities say.

The 400m-long (1,300ft) Ever Given was wedged across the canal before salvage crews dislodged her on Monday.

It was not immediately clear when full traffic could resume in the canal.

Suez is one of the world’s busiest trade routes, and companies were forced to reroute ships, causing long tailbacks of hundreds of vessels.

Peter Berdowski, CEO of Dutch salvage company Boskalis, said the Ever Given had been refloated at 15:05 (13:05 GMT) on Monday, “thereby making free passage through the Suez Canal possible again”.

The vessel was towed to a location outside the channel for further inspection.

To refloat the 224,000-ton vessel, approximately 30,000 cubic meters of sand was dredged and a total of eleven harbour tugs and two powerful seagoing tugs were deployed, according to Boskalis.

Egyptian TV footage showed the ship aligned in a straight position along the canal.

Egyptian President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi thanked Egyptians for their efforts in “ending the crisis”.

———–

Disruption to global trade will not end with the refloating of the Ever Given. According to Lloyds List, there are currently more than 370 ships waiting to pass through the canal, including container vessels, tankers, and bulk carriers. Clearing that backlog is expected to take several days.

Some ships have already left the region, preferring to take an alternative, longer route around the southern tip of Africa. They will be joined by other vessels travelling from East Asia to Europe – whose operators have decided not to risk waiting for the canal to reopen.

Inevitably, cargoes will be reaching their destination much later than planned, there may be congestion when they arrive in ports while future sailing schedules have been thrown into disarray.

The cost of shipping goods to Europe is expected to rise as a result. Industry experts are warning that the knock-on effects on delicately balanced supply chains could be felt for months to come.

*


Suez, liberata la EverGiven: riprende traffico nel canale dopo una settimana

La nave portacontainer “Ever Given” che bloccava il Canale di Suez da una settimana è stata liberata. Il traffico è ripreso regolarmente. VIDEO.

Canale di Suez, la portacontainer EverGiven è stata liberata

La portacontainer EverGiven e’ stata completamente disincagliata e il traffico nel Canale di Suez e’ ripreso. Lo riferisce l’Autorita’ del Canale di Suez. La Leth Agencies, societa’ di servizi attiva nel Canale, ha riferito su Twitter che i rimorchiatori stanno trascinando la nave verso il Grande Lago Amaro, un largo bacino al centro del canale dove l’imbarcazione sara’ sottoposta a ispezioni tecniche. Aiutati dall’alta marea, i rimorchiatori sono riusciti a disincagliare il bulbo di prua, che era rimasto ancora bloccato dalla sabbia. Le immagini satellitari dei siti che monitorano il traffico marittimo mostrano la nave di nuovo in posizione centrale, dopo che i forti venti l’avevano rimessa in posizione diagonale subito dopo il disincagliamento. Non e’ chiaro quando il traffico nel Canale potra’ tornare alla normalita’. Sono infatti almeno 367 le navi bloccate nell’arteria attraverso la quale passa ogni giorno il 10% delle merci trasportate nel mondo per via marittima. 

La nave portacontainer “EverGiven”, che bloccava il Canale di Suez da una settimana, ha iniziato a muoversi questa mattina ed è stata parzialmente rimessa a galla, secondo i siti di monitoraggio del traffico marittimo. Il presidente dell’Autorità che gestisce il Canale di Suez, il tenente generale Osama Rabie, aveva fatto sapere che la “Ever Given” è stata “significativamente” raddrizzata, la posizione è stata “modificata all’80%”. Rabie ha aggiunto che alle operazioni hanno partecipato dieci rimorchiatori, due hanno tirato la prua della nave a nord e quattro hanno spinto la poppa a verso sud. Secondo VesselFinder, la poppa della nave– che è lunga 400 metri e pesa più di 200mila tonnellate– si è spostata ed è ora più vicina e quasi in parallelo al canale.

La confema arriva anche da Leth Agencies, una delle aziende che ha lavorato con i rimorchiatori e le draghe, per risolvere la crisi: “Ever Given è stato parzialmente rimessa a galla nel Canale di Suez“. Mentre il fornitore di servizi marittimi Inchcape fa sapere che la nave è finalmente a galla ed “è stata anche ancorata al momento”.

Dalle foto che circolano si vede infatti che la nave è ancorata sul lato orientale del flusso d’acqua. L’Autorità del Canale di Suez non ha ancora dato una conferma ufficiale nè è chiaro quando sarà ripristinato il traffico nel canale, in cui passa oltre il 10 per cento delle merci mondiali.

Nella serata di domenica erano stati schierati altri due rimorchiatori per liberare la nave, in aiuto alla altra decina di mezzi navali già presenti sul posto, dopo che i lavori di dragaggio avevano rimosso 27mila metri cubi di sabbia fino. Ma ad un certo punto domenica sera le operazioni erano stati rinviate all’alba di stamane per sfruttare l’alta marea. “In attesa di ulteriori conferme e aggiornamenti dall’Autorità del Canale, le proiezioni sul ripristino della “Ever Given” sembrano promettenti”, ha confermato Leth Agencies. “Le navi attualmentnel Canale di Suez attendono gli aggiornamenti sul possibile scenario di transito”. 

Canale di Suez, calano i prezzi del petrolio dopo la notizia 

I prezzi del petrolio calano a seguito della notizia dello spostamento della “Ever Given”. Sui circuiti elettronici il Wti cede il 2,33% a 59,55 dollari al barile, mentre il Brent perde il 2,08% a 63,23 dollari al barile.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea

Germania. Merkel. Après nous, le déluge. – Spiegel International.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-26.

2021-03-25__ Germania Sondaggi 001

Nelle elezioni politiche del 24 settembre 2017 la Union, Cdu e Csu, crollò al 32.9%. Pur avendo subito una secca sconfitta, Merkel decise di proseguire il cancellierato, annunciando però che non si sarebbe presentata alle elezioni del 2021.

Seguì un periodo travagliato. Dapprima Merkel fece nominare a capo della Cdu Frau Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer, AKK, che batté di pochi voti Friedrich Merz, un oppositore della politica della Merkel. Ma Akk dimostrò di essere troppo indipendente dalla linea politica della Merkel, che la silurò malo modo. Rifatto un uuovo congresso. Merkel impose Herr Armin Laschet, che si potrebbe ritenere essere un suo replicante. Ovviamente, nessuno sarebbe in grado di prevedere se dopo queste elezioni, sempre che la Cdu non prosegua il suo crollo, Herr Armin Laschet prosegua o meno la linea politica ed economica della Merkel, che negli ultimi tempi ha mal subito l’abbandono del marito per una avvenente giovinetta.

A marzo le elezioni nel Land Baden-Württemberg hanno segnato per la Cdu un calo del -2.94%, mentre in quelle nel Land Rheinland-Pfalz la Cdu è crollata del -4.13%.

I sondaggi elettorali politici del 25 febbraio assegnavano alla Union il 37%, mentre quelli del 22 marzo la quotavano al 28%. Una perdita secca di nove punti percentuali.

* * * * * * *

Al momento attuale resterebbe molto difficile azzardare un prognostico sui risultati delle prossime elezioni federali di settembre, ma una ulteriore sconfitta della Union è tutt’altro che esclusa. Se ciò accadesse, non solo Herr Armin Laschet non potrebbe assumere la cancelleria, ma si sfalderebbe tutto il sistema Merkel, con le evidenti conseguenze domestiche ed internazionali.

* * * * * * *

Après nous, le déluge.

Lo Spiegel International ha pubblicato un lungo e dettagliato articolo in materia, del quale riportiamo solo l’incipit:

Merkel’s Conservatives Mired in Scandal and Incompetence.

«Shameless deals for medical equipment, dubious foreign contacts and corona crisis mismanagement: Angela Merkel’s conservatives are in bad shape as the election campaign looms. How did they lose their way?

Armin Laschet, the newly anointed head of Germany’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU), has been a politician for two-and-a-half decades. He knows how difficult it can be, and how quickly things can change. But even he might be getting a bit dizzy these days.

Not even two months have passed since he was elected head of the country’s largest, most powerful political party, essentially transforming him into the chancellor-in-waiting and designated successor to Chancellor Angela Merkel. What could possibly go wrong? After all, the coronavirus vaccines had arrived, signaling a path out of the pandemic. It looked like it would be a good year for him and the CDU.

Now, though, nine weeks later, the 60-year-old Laschet is the head of a party that has slumped into its deepest crisis in decades and is struggling in the polls. Even as the country is set to vote in the general election this fall, the CDU and its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union (CSU), still haven’t agreed on who their candidate for chancellor will be. The Union, as the pairing of the two parties is known, seems unsure of itself on the eve of the campaign. Suddenly, it is looking as though it could be a difficult, even a bad year for the two parties. And for Laschet.

Indeed, the party received a premonition of what could be on the horizon in the state votes in Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate. The CDU came in second in both states, and also lost ground relative to elections four years ago. The press coverage on Monday has been a disaster for the party.»

* * * * * * *

Suggeriremmo caldamente i lettori di dedicare un po’ del loro tempo a leggersi questo studio, che potrebbe permettere di vedere la situazione tedesca per quello che è realmente.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Europea, Geopolitica Militare, Russia

Turkia. Comprerebbe altri S-400 dalla Russia. Non male per un paese Nato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-08-28.

Istanbul 004

Mr Putin sembrerebbe essere un prestigiatore: ha generato quasi dal nulla un sistema come gli S-400 e quindi li ha tramutati in un affilato strumento diplomatico e politico.

«Russia is likely to sign a contract for delivery of an additional batch of its S-400 missile systems to Turkey next year»

Ovvio che l’occidente lo odi: è un russo che sta facendo gli interessi della Russia.

*


Turkia. In arrivo la seconda consegna di S-400. 2019-08-28.

«The S-400 is a massive upgrade to the S-300, its predecessor which was recently sent to Syria.

Because of its capabilities, several countries including China, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, India and Qatar have said they are willing to buy the S-400.

Almost every government that announced it was planning to buy the system was threatened with some kind of diplomatic retaliation from the US, NATO or adversaries.

The reason for this blowback, according to several experts Al Jazeera interviewed, is not only because the S-400 is technologically advanced, it also poses a potential risk for long-standing alliances. ….

The S-400 is among the most advanced air defence systems available, on par with the best the West has to offer, …. Its radars and other sensors, as well as its missiles, cover an extensive area – the radar has a range of at least 600km for surveillance, and its missiles have ranges of up to 400km, ….

It’s precise and it manages to track a very large number of potential targets, including stealth targets. ….»

*


Turkia. Arrivati i primi Sistemi S-400. 2019-07-12.

«Volenti o nolenti però, si apre adesso un severo problema del settore meridionale della Nato, e proprio con la Turkia che ha il controllo dei Dardanelli.

L’Unione Europea è adesso compresa tra le basi russe di Kalinigrad e quelle turke di Murted. Forse, Frau Merkel potrebbe anche mobilitare il proprio esercito di frombolieri armati con le nuove catapulte che tirano massi anche a cinquecento metri. Ferma posizione delle front-hole tedesche: non gliela daremo più.»

*


S-400. Arma militare e diplomatica in Turkia ed in India.

«I russi hanno un segreto che nessuno è mai riuscito a violare. Come siano riusciti a concepire, progettare, costruire e rendere operativi un così grande numero di sistemi missilistici allo stato dell’arte ed il tutto in così poco tempo ed infine a costi irrisori»


9M729, Iskander, Kalibr, S-400, S500. Putin è un gran costruttore di missili.

Cina. Dispiegati nel sud-est asiatico gli S-400 russi.

Medio Oriente. La Russia fornirà sistemi S-400 all’Arabia Saudita.

Turkia. Firmato contratto S-400. Si dice siano già operativi.

*


Nelle abili mani di Mr Putin il sistema di missili anti oggetti volanti S-400 sta transitando da arma temibile a strumento diplomatico. Come arma, l’S-400 sarebbe in grado di intercettare ed abbattere aerei, droni, e missile anche ipersonici con una portata riferita di circa 400 km. Come strumento diplomatico è un mezzo molto utile per gratificare i paesi amici e per stuzzicare l’amicizia degli incerti. Poi, dotarsi di S-400 conferisce allo stato possessore una supremazia locoregionale nei confronti dei paesi viciniori.

Questi sistemi di arma erano una volta appannaggio dei soli Stati Uniti, che li avevano concessi a terzi con grande morigeratezza. Adesso la concorrenza russa inizia a farsi sentire pesantemente.

*


Russia and Turkey likely to sign S-400 missile deal next year: Ifax.

Russia is likely to sign a contract for delivery of an additional batch of its S-400 missile systems to Turkey next year, the Interfax news agency cited Sergei Chemezov, head of state conglomerate Rostec, as saying on Sunday.

Turkey bought a batch of the missile systems from Russia last year, leading to its suspension by Washington from the U.S. F-35 stealth fighter jet programme. The United States has said that Turkey risks U.S. sanctions if it deploys the Russian-made S-400s.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Geopolitica Europea, Problemi militari

Serbia. Compra i missili terra-aria FK-3 della Cina.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-08-08.

Serbia__001

«Serbia, which hopes to join the European Union, declared military neutrality in 2006 and joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace program, though it does not seek full membership in the Western defence alliance»

«Serbia’s military is loosely based on former Soviet technology and in recent years Belgrade has procured MiG-29 fighter jets and missiles, helicopters, tanks and armoured personnel carriers from Russia»

«In late June, Serbia’s air force received six CH-92A combat drones armed with laser-guided missiles, the first such deployment of Chinese unmanned aerial vehicles in Europe»

«China has invested billions of euros in the Balkan country, mainly in soft loans, infrastructure and energy projects»

«Serbia has bought a new generation of medium-range, radar-guided surface-to-air missiles from China in a new sign of deepening cooperation between Beijing and Belgrade»

«Jugoimport SDPR said it made 163 import deals with 31 countries for $620.3 million in 2019. The weapons purchases included armed drones from China and Europe’s first known purchase of the FK-3»

*

Il “NATO Military Liaison Office” (NATO MLO) di Belgrado si colloca nel contesto della organizzazione di Comando e Controllo del JFC di Napoli con lo scopo principale di agevolare la cooperazione tra la NATO e le Forze Armate Serbe nell’ambito del “Partnership for Peace programme” dell’EAPC della NATO (Consiglio di partenariato euro-atlantico della NATO) del 2006 e delle Riforme nel settore della Difesa serba.

Nei confronti della Nato, la posizione della Serbia è ibrida. Vi aderisce per le missioni di pace, ma non fa formalmente parte della alleanza.

Questa posizione è stata ribadita anche di recente.

La Serbia ribadisce il no alla NATO.

«La scelta di neutralità militare della Serbia, che non intende aderire alla Nato né ad altre alleanze militari, è stata ribadita dal ministro della difesa Aleksandar Vulin.

«Finché sarà (il presidente) Aleksandar Vucic a guidare il Paese, e finché sarò io il ministro della difesa, la Serbia non sarà membro della Nato né aderirà ad altre alleanze militari», ha detto Vulin, che è leader del Movimento dei socialisti, una forza politica che fa parte della coalizione di governo.

Parlando a una manifestazione elettorale a Pozarevac, est di Belgrado, in vista delle elezioni del 21 giugno, il ministro della difesa è tornato a puntare il dito contro i bombardamenti aerei condotti dalla Nato nella primavera 1999 sulla Serbia di Slobodan Milosevic, raid che posero fine alla guerra del Kosovo.

«Nella giornata di oggi di 21 anni fa la Nato attuò uno dei crimini più efferati contro la popolazione civile. Sul ponte di Varvarin furono uccise donne, bambini, i più bravi studenti di matematica, furono uccisi i nostri figli», ha affermato Vulin. La Serbia, ha aggiunto, non cesserà mai di cercare le responsabilità, non dimenticherà mai né gli assassini né le loro vittime».»

A quell’epoca taluni ritenevano di essere i padroni del mondo, ma i sebi sono gente coriacea, con una ottima memoria.

«La Serbia …. non dimenticherà mai né gli assassini né le loro vittime»

Non desta quindi stupore che adesso la Serbia prosegua ad adottare armamenti difensivi russi e cinesi, che, tra l’altro, funzionano bene ed hanno bassi costi di acquisto e di manutenzione.

Però il problema politico ed umano rimane anche se ben pochi hanno voglia di parlarne.

*


Serbian purchase of missile defence system shows ties deepening with China.

BELGRADE (Reuters) – Serbia has bought a new generation of medium-range, radar-guided surface-to-air missiles from China in a new sign of deepening cooperation between Beijing and Belgrade.

The purchase of the FK-3 missile defence system was included in state-run arms company Jugoimport SDPR’s annual report, submitted to the state Business Registers Agency last week and seen by Reuters.

Jugoimport SDPR said it made 163 import deals with 31 countries for $620.3 million in 2019. The weapons purchases included armed drones from China and Europe’s first known purchase of the FK-3.

“The biggest part of imports is related to the modernisation of MIG-29 planes, the procurement of drone systems, … (and) air-defence system FK-3,” it said.

Beijing sees Serbia as part of its One Belt, One Road initiative, which is aimed at opening new foreign trade links for Chinese companies.

In 2018, the Jugoimport SDPR made 162 import deals with 32 countries, worth $482.7 million, including purchases of Russian-made helicopter gunships and transport helicopters.

China has invested billions of euros in the Balkan country, mainly in soft loans, infrastructure and energy projects.

In late June, Serbia’s air force received six CH-92A combat drones armed with laser-guided missiles, the first such deployment of Chinese unmanned aerial vehicles in Europe.

Serbia, which hopes to join the European Union, declared military neutrality in 2006 and joined NATO’s Partnership for Peace program, though it does not seek full membership in the Western defence alliance.

Serbia’s military is loosely based on former Soviet technology and in recent years Belgrade has procured MiG-29 fighter jets and missiles, helicopters, tanks and armoured personnel carriers from Russia.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Europea, Russia

Putin. Ordine Esecutivo. Sviluppo nazionale della Russia fino al 2030.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-07-26.

Kremlino 003

Mr Putin ha rilasciato il 21 luglio l’Ordine Esecutivo Указ о национальных целях развития России до 2030 года, “Decreto sugli obiettivi di sviluppo nazionale della Russia fino al 2030”

*

 «Документы

Указ о национальных целях развития России до 2030 года

Владимир Путин подписал Указ «О национальных целях развития Российской Федерации на период до 2030 года».

21 июля 2020 года

11:25

Текст Указа:

В целях осуществления прорывного развития Российской Федерации, увеличения численности населения страны, повышения уровня жизни граждан, создания комфортных условий для их проживания, а также раскрытия таланта каждого человека постановляю:

1. Определить следующие национальные цели развития Российской Федерации (далее – национальные цели) на период до 2030 года:

а) сохранение населения, здоровье и благополучие людей;

б) возможности для самореализации и развития талантов;

в) комфортная и безопасная среда для жизни;

г) достойный, эффективный труд и успешное предпринимательство;

д) цифровая трансформация. …..»

Ne riportiamo a seguito il testo tradotto nella versione inglese fornita dal Kremlin.

«Executive Order on Russia’s national development goals through 2030

Vladimir Putin signed an Executive Order On the National Development Goals of the Russian Federation through 2030.

July 21, 2020 11:25

In order to ensure Russia’s breakthrough development, increase the number of the population, improve the living standards of the people and create comfortable living conditions, as well as to help everyone unlock their talents, the President has set forth the following national development goals through 2030:

  1. a) preservation of the population, health and welfare of the people;

  2. b) create conditions for self-fulfilment and the unlocking of talent;

  3. c) comfortable and safe environment;

  4. d) decent and effective jobs and successful enterprise;

  5. e) digital transformation.

The Executive Order sets out the following targets for judging the achievement of national goals by 2030:

  1. a) within the framework of the national goal of the preservation of the population, health and welfare of the people:

to ensure the sustainable growth of the population of the Russian Federation;

increase life expectancy to 78 years;

reduce the poverty rate by half compared to 2017;

increase the share of those who exercise and engage in sports on a regular basis to 70 percent;

  1. b) within the framework of the national goal of creating conditions for self-fulfilment and the unlocking of talent:

join the world’s top 10 countries by the quality of education;

create an effective system for identifying, supporting and helping children and young people unlock their talents based on the principles of fairness, universality, self-determination and career guidance for all students;

join the world’s top 10 countries by the volume of research and development, including through the creation of an effective system of higher education;

create conditions for bringing up harmoniously developed and socially responsible people on the basis of the spiritual and moral values of the peoples of Russia and their historical, national and cultural traditions;

increase the amount of people engaged in volunteer activities or taking part in volunteer organisations to 15 percent;

triple the cultural event attendance compared to 2019;

с) within the framework of the national goal of comfortable and safe environment:

improve housing conditions for at least five million families annually, and increase housing construction to at least 120 million square metres per year;

improve urban environment quality index by at least 1.5 times;

ensure that the road network in major metropolitan areas meets statutory requirements by at least 85 percent;

create a sustainable solid household waste management system and ensure that 100 percent of waste is sorted, while reducing landfill waste by half;

reduce by half emissions of dangerous pollutants with the most negative effect on the environment and human health;

eliminate the most dangerous facilities causing accumulated environmental damage, and promote environmental recovery for water bodies including the Volga River, lakes Baikal and Teletskoye;

  1. d) within the framework of the national goal of decent and effective jobs and successful enterprise:

ensure GDP growth above the global average while maintaining macroeconomic stability;

ensure steady growth in household incomes and pensions not lower than the rate of inflation;

increase real fixed capital investment by at least 70 percent compared to 2020;

achieve real growth in exports of non-resource-based, non-energy goods by at least 70 percent compared to 2020;

increase employment in small and medium-sized enterprises, including solo entrepreneurs and self-employed, to 25 million people;

  1. e) within the framework of the national goal of digital transformation:

achieve “digital maturity” in the key sectors of the economy and in social services, including healthcare and education, as well as public governance;

increase the share of essential social services available online to 95 percent;

increase the share of households with broadband internet access to 97 percent;

increase investment in Russian information technology solutions four times compared to 2019.

Instructions to this effect have been issued to the Government of the Russian Federation.

This Executive Order shall come into force on the day of its official publication.»

* * * * * * * * * * *

Il piano di sviluppo economico è decennale.

«In order to ensure Russia’s breakthrough development, increase the number of the population, improve the living standards of the people and create comfortable living conditions, as well as to help everyone unlock their talents, the President has set forth the following national development goals through 2030»

«within the framework of the national goal of the preservation of the population, health and welfare of the people:

to ensure the sustainable growth of the population of the Russian Federation»

«reduce the poverty rate by half compared to 2017»

«within the framework of the national goal of creating conditions for self-fulfilment and the unlocking of talent»

«create an effective system for identifying, supporting and helping children and young people unlock their talents»

«join the world’s top 10 countries by the quality of education»

«create conditions for bringing up harmoniously developed and socially responsible people on the basis of the spiritual and moral values of the peoples of Russia and their historical, national and cultural traditions»

«improve housing conditions for at least five million families annually»

«ensure GDP growth above the global average while maintaining macroeconomic stability»

«achieve real growth in exports of non-resource-based, non-energy goods by at least 70 percent compared to 2020»

È un piano che promette cose realizzabili e quindi possibili.

Bloomberg chiosa il Decreto in questa maniera, alquanto malevola.

«Putin quietly drops goal to make Russia an economic powerhouse»

«In May 2018, President Vladimir Putin set out the ambitious goal of getting the Russian economy in the top five globally by 2024»

«Two years of stagnation later, and he’s quietly dropping the target»

«But a referendum this month gives him the option to run for another two terms after 2024, removing some of the urgency to boost living standards that have taken a fresh hit from the pandemic»

«Goals must be realistic and achievable»

«In the purchasing power parity terms that Putin was using as the basis for his target, Russia might topple Germany to get to fifth place in the global rankings this year, but will slip back to sixth place in 2021, according to the International Monetary Fund»

«Targets include reducing poverty by half and reversing a drop in incomes that has left Russians poorer than before Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea.»

* * * * * * * * * * *

A nostro personale avviso, opinabile quindi, il cuore degli obiettivi dovrebbe essere:

«achieve real growth in exports of non-resource-based, non-energy goods by at least 70 percent compared to 2020».

Al momento, il sistema industriale russo dipende infatti molto, forse anche troppo, dai combustibili fossili estratti ed esportati.

*


Putin Quietly Drops Goal to Make Russia an Economic Powerhouse.

– Target scrapped after referendum allows Putin to extend rule

– National projects development program pushed back to 2030

*

In May 2018, President Vladimir Putin set out the ambitious goal of getting the Russian economy in the top five globally by 2024. Two years of stagnation later, and he’s quietly dropping the target.

The objective was a political move to try to shore up support in Putin’s final term in office. But a referendum this month gives him the option to run for another two terms after 2024, removing some of the urgency to boost living standards that have taken a fresh hit from the pandemic.

“Goals must be realistic and achievable, that’s what was guiding us,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on his daily conference call with reporters.

The economy is forecast to contract by 6.6% this year, more than the world as a whole this year, and an expected rebound next year will be smaller. In the purchasing power parity terms that Putin was using as the basis for his target, Russia might topple Germany to get to fifth place in the global rankings this year, but will slip back to sixth place in 2021, according to the International Monetary Fund.

A raft of other objectives that were laid out in a $400 billion investment and development program have been pushed back to 2030 from an earlier target of 2024, according to a Kremlin decree published Tuesday. Targets include reducing poverty by half and reversing a drop in incomes that has left Russians poorer than before Russia’s 2014 annexation of Crimea.

“Some of the goals looked overly ambitious from the start, including the top five economy goal,” said Sofya Donets, chief economist at Renaissance Capital in Moscow.

Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin last week blamed coronavirus for the decision to delay the National Projects. The government is running a budget deficit this year to pay for increased spending to counter the economic fallout from the pandemic, but has been reluctant to eat into reserves in case they are needed to fight a bigger crisis in the future.

Officials and analysts have long been skeptical about Russia’s ability to meet the targets, in part because the country has a long history of setting very specific goals that are impossible to achieve. The 2030 decree published Tuesday is no exception, with one section setting out an aim to triple attendance of cultural events and another aiming to get 70% of adults to work out regularly.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Geopolitica Militare, Unione Europea

Malta. Denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini e pone il veto sui migranti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-08.

Malta 017

Gli effetti della sentenza della Corte Costituzionale tedesca che disconosce l’autorità della Corte Europea di Giustizia sugli stati membri sta incominciando ad avere i suoi effetti collaterali.

Suprema Corte, ECB e Corte Costituzionale tedesca, ovvero il chaos.

Questa sentenza infatti distrugge alla base il residuo potere politico dei liberal socialisti europei, e silura loro e la Francia in modo tale da «unsettling to the EU».

*

Malta si è riappropriata della propria sovranità nazionale, e lo ha fatto usando parole mai udite da decenni, perché esprimevano la pura verità.

Migranti clandestini illegali?

Ma facciano il piacere!!

«human traffickers».

* * * * * * *

«Maltese government to inform EC it will no longer provide boarding team to Operation Irini, which is attempting to stop Turkish weapons to Libyan GNA»

«Malta has formally given notice to the European Commission that will no longer commit any military assets to the EU’s Operation Irini, a naval mission launched to enforce the arms embargo to Libya in a bid to stifle warring parties in the North African country»

«The move is a sop to Turkey, which is actively providing weapons to the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) by sea, in the hope that it will lead to the GNA coming down hard on human traffickers sending out migrants on boat through the Central Mediterranean route. »

«Malta wants to keep its ports shut to migrants rescued at sea because of the coronavirus pandemic. But the country is also suffering from a lack of a migrant relocation framework that shares the responsibility of rescued people at sea among all EU member states»

«Malta has now told the Special Athena Committee it will veto decisions on Operation Irini that concern spending procedures for disembarkation of migrants, port diversions, and the eligibility of drones (unmanned aerial vehicles).»

«Malta told the committee it is facing an “unprecedented crisis” and disproportionate flows as a result of human smuggling and criminal activities in the Central Mediterranean, citing a 438% increase of arrivals in Malta through this route»

«The government said there was had been no tangible support and solidarity from EU partners despite many requests for relocation and for discussions on a permanent solution»

«The newly launched EUNAVFOR MED Irini disproportionately affects the GNA, whose weapons are mostly supplied by Turkey by sea, because it has little impact on the GNA’s rival, military commander Khalifa Haftar, whose Libyan National Army receives supplies by air and land across the Libya-Egypt border, as well as from the United Arab Emirates»

«in a bid to build serious bridges with Turkey and ‘unsettle’ the EU’s big member states»

«The first three months have seen a 400% increase in migrant arrivals in the Central Mediterranean but close to nil in the Eastern side of Libya, which is blockaded by EU vessels»

* * *

«The Greek government is itself inimical to Turkish military interests, and France supports the strongman ambitions of Khalifa Haftar, making Malta’s move unsettling to the EU»

«Irini could indeed fuel more fighting and undermine Europe’s credibility as an honest broker, because the operation stops mainly weapons from Turkey to the GNA and not Haftar’s backers Egypt and the UAE»

«Egypt and the UAE have backed Haftar for many years, and more recently Russia has also provided him with support.»

«Further adding intrigue to the mix is that France supports Haftar because they see the strongman as a guarantee of stability in the region against terrorists.»

* * * * * * *

Malta denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini ed annuncia il veto in Consiglio Europeo sui finanziamenti ai migranti.

Usa parole mai udite, perché vere:  «human traffickers», «it will veto decisions on Operation Irini that concern spending procedures for disembarkation of migrants», «France supports Haftar because they see the strongman as a guarantee of stability in the region».

Questa azione è volta ad «unsettling to the EU».


*

Malta Today. Malta vetoes Irini spending after withdrawing from EU naval mission.

Maltese government to inform EC it will no longer provide boarding team to Operation Irini, which is attempting to stop Turkish weapons to Libyan GNA.

Malta has formally given notice to the European Commission that will no longer commit any military assets to the EU’s Operation Irini, a naval mission launched to enforce the arms embargo to Libya in a bid to stifle warring parties in the North African country.

The move is a sop to Turkey, which is actively providing weapons to the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) by sea, in the hope that it will lead to the GNA coming down hard on human traffickers sending out migrants on boat through the Central Mediterranean route.

Malta wants to keep its ports shut to migrants rescued at sea because of the coronavirus pandemic. But the country is also suffering from a lack of a migrant relocation framework that shares the responsibility of rescued people at sea among all EU member states.

Malta has now told the Special Athena Committee it will veto decisions on Operation Irini that concern spending procedures for disembarkation of migrants, port diversions, and the eligibility of drones (unmanned aerial vehicles).

Malta told the committee it is facing an “unprecedented crisis” and disproportionate flows as a result of human smuggling and criminal activities in the Central Mediterranean, citing a 438% increase of arrivals in Malta through this route.

The government said there was had been no tangible support and solidarity from EU partners despite many requests for relocation and for discussions on a permanent solution.

The newly launched EUNAVFOR MED Irini disproportionately affects the GNA, whose weapons are mostly supplied by Turkey by sea, because it has little impact on the GNA’s rival, military commander Khalifa Haftar, whose Libyan National Army receives supplies by air and land across the Libya-Egypt border, as well as from the United Arab Emirates. These are harder to track, and impossible for Irini to intercept.

Malta’s rapprochement with Turkey continued this week with foreign minister Evarist Bartolo meeting the Turkish ambassador in Valletta, while Home Affairs Minister Byron Camilleri has started informal talks with Turkish national defence minister Hulusu Akar, in a bid to build serious bridges with Turkey and ‘unsettle’ the EU’s big member states.

The first three months have seen a 400% increase in migrant arrivals in the Central Mediterranean but close to nil in the Eastern side of Libya, which is blockaded by EU vessels.

The operation’s commander is assigned to Italy and Greece every six months alternatively. Initially, the operation will have three vessels contributed by France, Greece and Italy, one Maltese boarding team and three directly assigned patrol aircrafts Germany, Luxembourg and Poland, and the same number of vessels and aircraft in associated support.

The Greek government is itself inimical to Turkish military interests, and France supports the strongman ambitions of Khalifa Haftar, making Malta’s move unsettling to the EU.

Irini could indeed fuel more fighting and undermine Europe’s credibility as an honest broker, because the operation stops mainly weapons from Turkey to the GNA and not Haftar’s backers Egypt and the UAE. 

Egypt and the UAE have backed Haftar for many years, and more recently Russia has also provided him with support. Turkey only recently began backing the GNA with military assistance in exchange for a controversial maritime agreement that divides up much of the Eastern Mediterranean between Turkey and Libya. 

And this has angered Greece, which is logistically running Operation Irini, because it cuts into its Exclusive Economic Zone around Crete.

It also means Irini could strengthen Haftar’s relative position. In fact, it could encourage him not to halt the siege of Tripoli or agree to a ceasefire. It also fails to put any pressure on Egypt or the UAE to restrain him at a time when the coronavirus pandemic spreads through Libya. 

Further adding intrigue to the mix is that France supports Haftar because they see the strongman as a guarantee of stability in the region against terrorists. Turkey’s support of the GNA also has meant that Greece and Cyprus are turning towards Haftar, because their ultimate aim is to prevent Turkey from having influence in the Eastern Mediterranean.