Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Senza categoria

Kalashnikov. Ora è intelligente, automatico, AI, ti ammazza in un amen.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-11.

2017-11-30__Kalashnikov-robotic-gun-russia

Mentre l’Occidente è tutto preso dai suoi deliri schizofrenici sessuali e progetta e costruisce sexy bambole dotate di intelligenza artificiale, programmabili e con la fatidica funzione “mute“, quel gran bravo uomo di Mr Putin continua a sfornare un nuovo sistema d’arma dopo l’altro.

Versione ufficiale: il tiro a segno sportivo. Allontanare i piccioni dalle città.

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«Kalashnikov is building ‘a range of products based on neural networks,’»

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«These include a ‘fully automated combat module’ that can identify and shoot»

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«The maker of the world’s most deadly firearm has unveiled plans for a radical AI controlled gun for the Russian military»

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«In 2015, then-Deputy Defense Secretary Bob Work said fully automated killing machines were un-American»

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«Dale Ormond, who directs research at the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering said at Thursday’s Defense One Tech Summit that he did ‘not foresee that Department of Defense would give AI the ability to make decisions on executing lethal force.’»

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Riproponiamo una domanda già fatta.

Come fa Mr Putin con quattro scudi a progettare e costruire così tanti sistemi d’arma?

La risposta la ha data un simpaticissimo generale russo: imbecilli e corrotti li spediamo in Occidente a fare i dissidenti.


Mail on Line. 2017-07-17. AK-47 maker Kalashnikov reveals it is developing an AI controlled gun for the Russian military. [Video]

Kalashnikov is building ‘a range of products based on neural networks,’ 

These include a ‘fully automated combat module’ that can identify and shoot

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The maker of the world’s most deadly firearm has unveiled plans for a radical AI controlled gun for the Russian military.

Kalashnikov, best known for its AK-47 rifle, is building ‘a range of products based on neural networks,’ including a ‘fully automated combat module’ that can identify and shoot at its targets. 

The new products were revealed in an interview with Kalashnikov spokeswoman Sofiya Ivanova by TASS, a Russian government information agency. 

The Kalashnikov ‘combat module’ will consist of a gun connected to a console that constantly crunches image data ‘to identify targets and make decisions,’ Ivanova told TASS. 

‘In the imminent future, the Group will unveil a range of products based on neural networks,’ she said.

‘A fully automated combat module featuring this technology is planned to be demonstrated at the Army-2017 forum.’ 

The exhibition of Russian military hardware is due to take place from 22-27 August in Moscow.

According to the expo’s web site, it will feature a range of ‘cloud connected’ military devices alongside the latest hardware. 

A Kalashnikov photo that ran with the TASS piece showed a turret-mounted weapon that appeared to fire rounds of 25mm or so, according to Defense One.

Russian weapons makers see robotics and AI as key to future sales, according to Sergey Denisentsev, a visiting fellow at the Center For Strategic International Studies.

‘There is a need to look for new market niches such as electronic warfare systems, small submarines and robots, but that will require strong promotional effort because a new technology sometimes finds it hard to find a buyer and to convince the buyer that he really needs it,’ Denisentsev said in April. 

In 2015, then-Deputy Defense Secretary Bob Work said fully automated killing machines were un-American.

Dale Ormond, who directs research at the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering said at Thursday’s Defense One Tech Summit that he did ‘not foresee that Department of Defense would give AI the ability to make decisions on executing lethal force.’

Instead, the U.S. military wants its AI to focus first on helping intelligence analysts sift through data and make faster decisions. 

Earlier this year Kalashnikov revealed its first ever spy-in-the-sky drone and is planning on rolling it out for public sale.

The Kalashnikov Group famous for the AK-47 will officially reveal what it is describing as a noiseless unmanned reconnaissance and surveillance aircraft at next month’s MAKS international air show near Moscow.

It has a four hour flying time and can be launched by hand as Vladimir Putin’s biggest weapons maker takes a step back from its AK-47 – a rifle that has killed more people than any other firearm on the planet. 

The drone weighs 7.5 kilograms and also boasts vertical takeoff capability.

Reportedly, three types of noiseless drone to be released onto the market by the weapon manufacturing giant.

A zoom camera and thermal imaging module can be mounted on the unmanned aircraft.

Nikita Zakharov, deputy chief executive of ZALA AERO, part of the Kalashnikov empire, claimed: ‘There are no rivals to the ZALA 421-16E2 either in Russia or in the world for their functionality, simplicity and reliability of operation.

‘The unmanned aerial vehicle has a noiseless flight mode which is so important for defence and security agencies.

‘The first drones have already been handed over to customers.’

The drone is expected to complete Russian government trials this year.

The AK-47 assault was invented by Mikhail Kalashnikov in the former Soviet Union in 1947.

More than 100 million Kalashnikov rifles have been sold worldwide, accounting for a fifth of the entire global stock of firearms. 

A study by the World Bank revealed between 20,000 and 100,000 people are killed every year by handheld guns in conflicts around the world. 

It is predicted most of these were attributable to the AK-47. 

The study said: ‘The AK-47 was initially designed for ease of operation and repair by glove-wearing Soviet soldiers in arctic conditions. 

‘Its breathtaking simplicity means that it can also be operated by child soldiers in the African desert. 

‘Kalashnikovs are a weapon of choice for armed forces and non-state actors alike.’

It has since been adopted as the weapon of choice by the world’s barbaric terror groups including Islamic State, who used AK-47s to spray bullets into the crowd at the Bataclan in Paris in the November 2015 atrocities. 

In the same year, Tunisian Seifeddine Rezgui waged a campaign of terror in the popular resort of Sousse as he fired Kalashnikovs killing 38 holiday makers.

Among other Kalshnikov lines are speedboats, clothes and missiles.

The Siberian-born inventor died aged 94 in 2013. 


Business Insider. Military & Defense. 2017-07-17. The maker of the AK-47 made a robotic, AI gun system for Russia

The maker of the celebrated AK-47 rifle has unveiled a new robotic gun system for the Russian military that will use artificial intelligence to size up targets — then shoot.

Reports from TASS and others show a turret system that can be installed on vehicles and operated by remote control.

Sofiya Ivanova, the director of communications for Kalashnikov told TASS, “In the imminent future, the group will unveil a range of products based on neural networks. A fully automated combat module featuring this technology is planned to be demonstrated at the Army-2017 forum.”

The reported added that it will be a “fully automated combat module based on neural network technologies that enable it to identify targets and make decisions.”

Another report in Defense One said it appears to be capable of firing 25mm rounds like those used in anti-aircraft guns.

Defense One’s editor Patrick Tucker wrote that the Russians are eager to use battlefield robots while the U.S. is not.

Kalashnikov’s AK-47 is the most widely used weapon in the world, considered simple to use and very hard to break or jam. The Examiner recently reported that the Pentagon would like the rifles to be made in the U.S.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Russia

Russia. Istituita una nuova brigata armata con semoventi 2S19M2 Msta-S.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-06.

2017-12-06__ Russia_semovente__001 550-04122017-msta-s-2

«The new artillery formation of the WMD Combined Arms Army located in Moscow region has received about 10 of the 2S19M2 Msta-S self-propelled artillery systems»

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«The brigade has received combat hardware form military industry complex, and has put it into service»

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Così la Russia ha istituito una nuova brigata di artiglieria dotata di semoventi 2S19M2 Msta-S, 42 tonnellate, armati con cannone 152.4 mm 2A65, oltre una mitragliera antiaerea 12.7 mm. Ha un motore diesel V-84A da 840 hp, 500 km di autonomia alla velocità di 60 km/h. Può sparare a 360°, 6 – 8 colpi al minuto, con una portata massima di 45 km per i proiettili e 62 km per i Rap.

È un sistema d’arma molto complesso.

«The 2S19 “Msta-S” (Russian: Мста, after the Msta River) is a 152.4 mm self-propelled howitzer designed by Russia/Soviet Union, which entered service in 1989 as the successor to the 2S3 Akatsiya. The vehicle is based on the T-80 tank hull, but is powered by the T-72’s diesel engine.

The Msta is a modern howitzer designed for deployment either as an unarmored towed gun, or to be fitted in armored self-propelled artillery mountings. Current production of the towed model is designated Msta-B, while the self-propelled model is the Msta-S (also known by the GRAU index 2S19).

Development of the 2S19 started in 1980 under the project name Ferma. The prototype was known as Ob’yekt 316. The 2S19’s standard equipment consists of a semi-automatic laying system 1P22, an automatic loader, an NBC protection system, passive night vision device for the driver, a wading kit, a dozer blade, a smoke generator and 81mm smoke launchers, 1V116 intercom system and a 16 kW generator AP-18D. In 2008 the Russian armed forces ordered an improved model with an automated fire control system.

The 2A64 ordnance of the 2S19 can fire the following types of ammunition, among others: HE (24.7 km), HEAT-FS, HE-BB (28.9 km), HERA (36 km), smoke, chemical, tactical nuclear, illumination and cargo (ICM). The laser-guided round “Krasnopol” (of the 9K25 system) can also be launched, as well as the shorter “Krasnopol-M” which fits into the automatic loader.» [Fonte]

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Il sistema è stato consistentemente migliorato nel 2008, implementando un sistema di controllo automatico del fuoco. Il sistema dovrebbe essere equivalente all’inglese S-90s oppure al Panzerhaubitze 2000 tedesco.

La nuova versione sembrerebbe essere stata ulteriormente sofisticata.

In particolare, il 2S19M2 Msta-S, oltre ai colpi ordinari, è in grado di sparare i proiettili Krasnopol-M, gli 30F39.

«The 2K25 Krasnopol is a Russian 152 mm cannon-launched, fin-stabilized, base bleed-assisted, semi-automatic laser-guided, explosive projectile. It automatically ‘homes’ on a point illuminated by a laser designator, typically operated by a ground-based artillery observer. It is fired mainly from Russian self-propelled howitzers such as the 2S3 Akatsiya and 2S19 Msta-S and intended to engage small ground targets such as tanks, other direct fire weapons, strong-points, or other significant point targets visible to the observer. It can be used against both stationary and moving targets (providing these remain within the observer’s field of view). ….

Besides Russia, the Krasnpol is also manufactured by Chinese defense industry conglomerate Norinco.» [Fonte]

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Al di là dei dettagli tecnici sorge spontanea una domanda.

L’artiglieria pesante semovente è tipicamente un’arma di attacco. Una intera brigata, e sembrerebbe essere solo la prima di numerose altre, ha una potenza di fuoco di tutto rispetto. Se poi fosse impiegata, come sembrerebbe essere verosimile, in modo coordinato con colonne corazzate e meccanizzate, sotto un adeguato ombrello aereo, dovrebbe essere in grado di garantire almeno nella fase iniziale dell’attacco una buona possibilità di sfondamento.

Sicuramente il nemico non starebbe a farsi piovere proiettili sulla testa senza reagire, ed i potenziali avversari dell’esercito russo hanno armi di controbatteria di tutto rispetto.

Il problema si trasferirebbe quindi all’usura dei combattimenti. I mezzi distrutti non sarebbero rimpiazzabili nei brevi termini di tempo concessi da un attacco determinato. Inoltre, nel confronto tra eserciti grosso modo armati in modo equivalente, chi riuscisse ad avanzare avrebbe modo di recuperare i mezzi colpiti e ripararli in tempo da consentir loro di riprendere l’azione.

Come diceva l’Ammiraglio Nelson, solo il numero annienta.

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«The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has finally flexed its muscles by banning Russia from the Winter Olympics.

The decision to ban the nation from competing at the 2018 Winter Olympics, which gets underway in the South Korean city of Pyeongchang in February, will allow some clean athletes to compete as neutrals — but that is a humiliation for Russia.» [Fonte]

Sicuramente la direzione liberal dell’International Olympic Committee  può prendere codesta decisione, e togliersi un sassolino dalla scarpa.

Ma altrettanto sicuramente la Russia può prendere contromisure altrettanto umilianti e pericolose per l’Occidente:

«At a time when the United States is calling for more restrictions on fuel exports to North Korea, Russia may be attempting to avoid the total collapse of the regime in Pyongyang.» [Fonte]

Ed è sempre altrettanto possibile che la Russia istituisca nuove brigate di artiglieria semovente.

Adesso domandiamoci che senso abbia questa condotta scriteriata.

Mentre si vive benissimo anche senza mandare i propri atleti alle olimpiadi, si vive molto male avendo la spina nel fianco di una Korea del Nord tenuta in piedi dalla Russia, ed ancor meno con il coltello alla gola degli 2S19M2 Msta-S. Se proprio si volesse punzecchiare la Russia, lo si faccia almeno nel settore militare. 


Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. 2017-12-04. New artillery brigade of Combined Arms Army receives modified Msta-S howitzers, Western MD.

The new artillery formation of the WMD Combined Arms Army located in Moscow region has received about 10 of the 2S19M2 Msta-S self-propelled artillery systems.

The brigade has received combat hardware form military industry complex, and has put it into service. Crews have undergone retraining. The systems are placed in the brigades’ facilities.

It is planned that the new hardware will be operated for the first time at the artillery live-fire exercise in spring 2018.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Putin, Russia

Fedor. Il pacifico robot di Putin che guida carri armati e spara pistolettate.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-01.

Putin 1002

Fedor, Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research, è un robot androide da utilizzarsi nelle missioni spaziali oppure in operazioni di soccorso.

È stato progettato e realizzato dalla Advanced Research Fund, agenzia militare russa per le ricerche.

«Для этого нужно было научить его самостоятельно работать в городской среде, перемещаться по пересеченной местности, управлять автомобилем, обращаться со специальными инструментами, оказывать первую медицинскую помощь и другим действиям. »

“Per fare questo, è stato necessario insegnargli come lavorare in modo indipendente nell’ambiente urbano, navigare attraverso terreni accidentati, guidare una macchina, gestire strumenti speciali, fornire il primo soccorso e altre azioni.”

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Altre azioni?

Sicuramente sì.

Quel gran filantropo di Mr Putin ha investito un sacco di denari per costruire un robot androide da utilizzare per ricerche spaziali oppure per azioni di soccorso.

Non sapendo né leggere né scrivere, come prima cosa gli è stato insegnato a guidare carri armati, a sparare con pistole ed armi varie, e con ottima mira: solo ed esclusivamente per verificare sul campo le sue reali possibilità.

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Riproponiamo una domanda già fatta.

Come fa Mr Putin con quattro scudi a progettare e costruire così tanti sistemi d’arma? Eppure il suo budsget militare è un sesto di quello della Unione Europea.

La risposta la ha data un simpaticissimo generale russo: imbecilli, debosciati e corrotti li spediamo in Occidente a fare i dissidenti.


Adnk. 2017-11-29. Il Terminator di Putin esiste e fa paura

Dai cyborg da utilizzare nelle nuove crisi internazionali al Kalashnikov intelligente. La Russia di Putin sta spingendo forte sulle nuove tecnologie. Il programma spaziale russo Roscosmos sta infatti testando per le sue future missioni spaziali un cyborg umanoide. Si chiama Fedor. E’ capace di centrare bersagli con una semplice coppia di pistole automatiche Glock. Progettato dalla Android Technics Research and Production Association, divisione per la ricerca finanziata dal MChS: il Ministero per le Emergenze, МЧС России, viene descritto, dagli analisti occidentali, come il ‘Terminator’ russo.

Nei video diffusi dall’agenzia russa Tass, infatti, Fedor fa immediatamente pensare al celebre cyborg-killer ‘Terminator’ ma il vice ministro russo Dimitry Rogozin ha prontamente precisato che non si tratta di una piattaforma offensiva, ma di un robot che i russi intendono usare nel loro programma spaziale. Come verrà utilizzato in verità non lo sappiamo. Sappiamo però che fa impressione vedere un robot che spara e centra perfettamente bersagli in un poligono di tiro. Ma questo non è tutto perchè Sofiya Ivanovasta, portavoce di Kalashnikov JSC ha rivelato che la fabbrica del fucile d’assalto più famoso del mondo l’AK-47 sta progettando un nuovo armamento sperimentale dotato di intelligenza artificiale.

In poche parole, sarebbe in grado di identificare ‘autonomamente’ il suo bersaglio e fare fuoco. In pratica si tratta di un “modulo di combattimento” all’avanguardia prodotto da Kalashnikov. Modulo formato da un fucile d’assalto collegato ad una consolle che attraverso puntatori ottici elabora costantemente dati dalle immagini catturare ‘per identificare, selezionare obiettivi e prendere decisioni autonomamente sul come e quando aprire il fuoco. E non e’ ancora finita perché durante l’ultima imponente esercitazione militare russa, nome in codice, Zapad-2017, l’esercito ha sperimentato un nuovo mezzo cingolato, di piccole dimensioni con una torretta telecomandata capace di sparare granate e munizioni 7,62 mm.


Newsweek. 2017-04-19. Russia Built a Robot That Can Shoot Guns and Travel to Space

FEDOR (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research) is a bipedal robot designed by Russia’s Android Technics and Russian military research agency Advanced Research Fund. Its capable of performing a number complex human tasks including firing guns and driving cars.

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A Russian technology company and military research agency have teamed up to create a firearm-wielding robot that they plan on sending to space.

The futuristic sharpshooter named FEDOR (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research) was initially designed by Russian firm Android Technics and the government’s Advanced Research Fund for search and rescue missions. The project was commissioned by the Russian government as its first domestically produced anthropomorphic robot.

“FEDOR was designed as an android able to replace humans in high-risk areas, such as rescue operations. For this purpose, it was necessary to teach him to work independently in an urban environment, navigate the terrain, drive a car, to handle special tools, first aid and other actions,” Andrey Grigoriev, director of Russia’s Advanced Research Fund, told Russia’s state-run RIA Novosti last week.

FEDOR garnered praise from Russian Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, who lauded the robot’s “decision-making and motor skills” in a tweet Thursday in which he also declared that Russia was “not creating a Terminator, but artificial intelligence that will be of great practical significance in various fields.” A day later, he shared a video of FEDOR firing two pistols akimbo-style at targets.

Not only can FEDOR dual-wield handguns, its advanced programming also allows it to perform other complex tasks such as driving and steering vehicles, as well as various fitness exercises. The Russian government plans to send the robot to space, where it would be the sole passenger on Russian space freighter Federatsiya’s first flight in 2021, Australia’s Nine News reported.

FEDOR still reportedly needs work, however, and Russia’s Advanced Rearch Fund announced last week an open contest in conjunction with Russia’s Ministry of Education to find programmers capable of developing high-tech software for the robot, according to Grigoriev. The competition will reportedly begin in May and run through February 28, 2018. It is open to Russian undergraduates, graduate students, researchers, professors and creative teams.


Андрей Григорьев: роботы станут помощниками космонавтов в открытом космосе

Первый полет нового российского космического корабля “Федерация” состоится в 2021 году под управлением космонавта будущего — человекоподобного робота Федора, разработанного в рамках проекта Фонда перспективных исследований (ФПИ). В День космонавтики генеральный директор фонда Андрей Григорьев рассказал РИА Новости о задачах роботов-космонавтов и о своем видении развития космических технологий.

—  Андрей Иванович, прежде всего, расскажите об истории создания робота Федора.

– Исследовательские работы по созданию первого отечественного антропоморфного робота начались в 2014 году, исполнителем проекта выступила компания НПО “Андроидная техника”. Федор (FEDOR — Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research) задумывался как робот-андроид, способный заменить человека в местах повышенного риска, например при проведении спасательных операций. Для этого нужно было научить его самостоятельно работать в городской среде, перемещаться по пересеченной местности, управлять автомобилем, обращаться со специальными инструментами, оказывать первую медицинскую помощь и другим действиям.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Medio Oriente, Russia

Medio Oriente. La Russia fornirà sistemi S-400 all’Arabia Saudita.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-28.

Putin_003__

La notizia era nell’aria da qualche tempo.

Adesso è stata ufficializzata.

«Earlier, the press service of the Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation said Russia and Saudi Arabia had reached agreements on the supplies of S-400 missile systems»

Il sistema missilistico S-400 sembrerebbe essere uno dei progetti meglio riusciti dei russi: desiderato e richiesto da parte di molte nazione straniere.

Sono in molti a domandarsi perché mai i russi, sempre molto cauti nel fornire armamenti sofisticati allo stato dell’arte, si stiano rivelando così pronti ad esportare questo sistema d’arma.

Sicuramente le situazioni geopolitiche e geomilitari pesano molto. Però negli ambienti solitamente bene informati si vocifererebbe che in effetti i russi si siano dotati senza troppi clamori di versioni ben più sofisticate degli S-400 concessi a paesi terzi.

La politica militare dell’Arabia Saudita apparirebbe essere molto consona alla nuova Realpolitik del Regno. Visto che la Russia esiste e che nel Medio Oriente è ben presente, meglio averla per amica che come potenziale avversaria.

Poi, un arabo potrebbe anche mormorare che gli americani in quel teatro non è che abbiano fatto una brillante figura né che si siano dimostrati particolarmente affidabili.


Tass. 2017-11-13. Russia, Saudi Arabia sign air defense contracts.

MOSCOW, November 13. /TASS/. Russia and Saudi Arabia have signed contracts on air defense, Head of Russia’s Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation Dmitry Shugayev told Rossiya 24 on Monday.

“We have well-known contracts on air defense and other issues, which have been signed,” Shugayev said, giving no details on the particular systems.

Earlier, the press service of the Federal Service for Military and Technical Cooperation said Russia and Saudi Arabia had reached agreements on the supplies of S-400 missile systems.

Russian troops receive 16 regiment sets of S-400 air defense missile systems over 5 years

Rostec CEO reveals bulk of Russia’s S-400 deal with Turkey

Russian defense contractor delivers third regimental set of S-400 systems this year

Regiment of S-400 to enter duty in Sevastopol in February 2018

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti, Trump

Trump. Executive Order che blocca la cessione della Lattice Semiconductor.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-18.

Washington. White House. 001

Il Fema, Federal Emergency Management Agency, riporta il testo ed il pdf del

The Defense Production Act of 1950, as Amended (50 U.S.C. App. 2061 et seq.)

«Congress finds that—

(1) the security of the United States is dependent on the ability of the domestic industrial base to supply materials and services for the national defense and to prepare for and respond to military conflicts, natural or man-caused disasters, or acts of terrorism within the United States;

(2) to ensure the vitality of the domestic industrial base, actions are needed—

  (A) to promote industrial resources preparedness in the event of domestic or foreign threats to the security of the United States;

  (B) to support continuing improvements in industrial efficiency and responsiveness;

  (C) to provide for the protection and restoration of domestic critical infrastructure operations under emergency conditions; and

   (D) to respond to actions taken outside of the United States that could result in reduced supplies of strategic and critical materials, including energy, necessary for national defense and the general economic well-being of the United States; ….

measures to improve the domestic industrial base for national defense; …. (C) the development of domestic productive capacity to meet …. (i) essential national defense needs that can result from emergency conditions;  and …. (ii) unique technological requirements».

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In ossequio a questa legge il Presidente Trump ha emesso questo Ordine Esecutivo:

Order Regarding the Proposed Acquisition of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation by China Venture Capital Fund Corporation Limited

«Regarding the proposed acquisition of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation by China venture Capital Fund Corporation limited»

*

«By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 721 of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended (section 721), 50 U.S.C. 4565, it is hereby ordered as follows»

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«There is credible evidence that leads me to believe that …. together with Merger Sub, Acquisition Company, Capital Investment, CBFI, and Yitai, the Purchasers), through exercising control of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation, a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (Lattice), might take action that threatens to impair the national security of the United States»

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«The proposed acquisition of Lattice by the Purchasers (the proposed transaction) is prohibited, and any substantially equivalent transaction, whether effected directly or indirectly by the Purchasers, through the Purchasers’ shareholders or shareholders’ immediate, intermediate, or ultimate foreign person beneficial owners, or through the Purchasers’ subsidiaries, is also prohibited»

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La Lattice Semiconductor Corporation è una società relativamente piccola, 784 dipendenti e giro di affari di 366 milioni.

«Lattice Semiconductor Corporation is an American manufacturer of high-performance programmable logic devices (FPGAs, CPLDs, & SPLDs). Founded in 1983, the company employs about 700 people and has annual revenues of around $300 million, with Darin Billerbeck as the chief executive officer. The Oregon-based company is the number three ranked company in world market share for field programmable gate array (FPGA) devices, and number two for CPLDs & SPLDs. The company went public in 1989 and is traded on the NASDAQ stock exchange under the symbol LSCC.» [Fonte]

La società ha avuto un passato tumultuoso, ivi compresa una bancarotta nel luglio 1987, con un impressionante numero di acquisizioni e cessioni, nonché cambi di proprietà.

«In April 2016, Tsinghua Holdings said in a U.S. filing that it accumulated a roughly 6 percent stake in Lattice Semiconductor through share purchased on the open market».

Nell’aprile 2016 la Tsinghua Holdings aveva pubblicamente dichiarato di essere in possesso del 6% delle azioni della Lattice Semiconductor Corporation.

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Tsinghua Holdings?

«Tsinghua Holdings Corp., Ltd. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tsinghua University, itself a public university of China. The company was established as an in-house asset management company for Tsinghua’s subsidiaries that were established in 1990s by the technology transfer of research to business.» [Fonte]

Ma la Tsinghua Holdings Corp., Ltd. non è una società qualsiasi.

Ha un total assets di 207 miliardi di Yuan, e questo sarebbe il meno.

La Tsinghua Holdings Corp., Ltd. è di proprietà della Tsinghua University, che ne detiene il 100% del capitale.

Essa ha innumerevoli sussidiarie, tra le quali spicca la Unisplendor, “to doing large-scale software development for municipal and provincial governments across China, constructing infrastructure for highways, and producing scanners, laptops and digital cameras”

Ma la Tsinghua University è una università cinese alquanto differente dalle altre. Essa infatti appartiene sì al Ministero dell’Educazione, ma il proprietario finale del tutto è lo State Council of China. Non lo stato cinese, come per le altre università, bensì il Governo della Cina, dal quale dipendono strettamente i servizi informativi.

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Ricapitoliamo.

Sotto la passata Amministrazione Obama una succursale dei servizi segreti cinesi si era comprata una parte del capitale di una industria strategica per la difesa degli Stati Uniti. Di lì accedeva al know-how di tutto il settore tecnologico.

Ci voleva il cambio di amministrazione per rendersi conto del fatto.


The White House. 2017-0915. Order Regarding the Proposed Acquisition of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation by China Venture Capital Fund Corporation Limited

ORDER

– – – – – – –

Regarding the proposed acquisition of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation by China venture Capital Fund Corporation limited.

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 721 of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as amended (section 721), 50 U.S.C. 4565, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1.  Findings.  (a)  There is credible evidence that leads me to believe that (1) Canyon Bridge Merger Sub, Inc., a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (Merger Sub); (2) Merger Sub’s parent companies Canyon Bridge Acquisition Company, Inc., a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (Acquisition Company), Canyon Bridge Capital Investment Limited, an entity organized under the laws of the Cayman Islands (Capital Investment), and Canyon Bridge Fund I, LP (CBFI), a limited partnership organized under the laws of Delaware; and (3) CBFI’s limited partner Yitai Capital Limited, a company organized under the laws of Hong Kong (Yitai), and Yitai’s parent company China Venture Capital Fund Corporation Limited, a corporation organized under the laws of the People’s Republic of China (CVCF and, together with Merger Sub, Acquisition Company, Capital Investment, CBFI, and Yitai, the Purchasers), through exercising control of Lattice Semiconductor Corporation, a corporation organized under the laws of Delaware (Lattice), might take action that threatens to impair the national security of the United States; and

(b)  Provisions of law, other than section 721 and the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), do not, in my judgment, provide adequate and appropriate authority for me to protect the national security in this matter.

Sec. 2.  Actions Ordered and Authorized.  On the basis of the findings set forth in section 1 of this order, considering the factors described in subsection 721(f) of the Defense Production Act of 1950, as appropriate, and pursuant to my authority under applicable law, including section 721, I hereby order that:

(a)  The proposed acquisition of Lattice by the Purchasers (the proposed transaction) is prohibited, and any substantially equivalent transaction, whether effected directly or indirectly by the Purchasers, through the Purchasers’ shareholders or shareholders’ immediate, intermediate, or ultimate foreign person beneficial owners, or through the Purchasers’ subsidiaries, is also prohibited.

(b)  The Purchasers and Lattice shall take all steps necessary to fully and permanently abandon the proposed transaction not later than 30 days after the date of this order, unless such date is extended by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) for a period not to exceed 90 days, on such conditions as CFIUS may require.  Immediately upon completion of all steps necessary to terminate the proposed transaction, the Purchasers and Lattice shall certify in writing to CFIUS that such termination has been effected in accordance with this order and that all steps necessary to fully and permanently abandon the proposed transaction have been completed.

(c)  From the date of this order until the Purchasers and Lattice provide a certification of termination of the proposed transaction to CFIUS pursuant to subsection (b) of this section, the Purchasers and Lattice shall certify to CFIUS on a weekly basis that they are in compliance with this order and include with that certification a description of all efforts to permanently abandon the proposed transaction and a timeline for projected completion of remaining actions necessary to effectuate the abandonment.

(d)  Any transaction or other device entered into or employed for the purpose of, or with the effect of, avoiding or circumventing this order is prohibited.

(e)  The Attorney General is authorized to take any steps necessary to enforce this order.

Sec. 3.  Reservation.  I hereby reserve my authority to issue further orders with respect to the Purchasers or Lattice as shall in my judgment be necessary to protect the national security of the United States.

Sec. 4.  Publication and Transmittal.  (a)  This order shall be published in the Federal Register.

(b)  I hereby direct the Secretary of the Treasury to transmit a copy of this order to the parties to the proposed transaction named in section 1 of this order.

DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,
September 13, 2017.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Militare, Unione Europea

Turkia. Firmato contratto S-400. Si dice siano già operativi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-12.

2017-09-12__Turkia. Firmato contratto S-400. Si dice siano già operativi.

Prima ancora che militare il problema è politico.

Di fatto la Turkia abbandona il sistema difensivo Nato, lasciando così scoperto il fianco sud – est della Alleanza Atlantica.

I titoli dei giornali turki sono eloquenti.

Turkey has put down a deposit on S-400 missiles to Russia: Erdoğan

Germany plays arms exports trump card against Turkey

«Germany has put all major arms exports to Turkey on hold, stepping up the ongoing dispute between the two countries. 
The decision prompted a swift reaction from Ankara, with Turkey’s EU Minister Ömer Çelik telling reporters on Sept. 12 that it weakens Ankara’s fight against terrorism and makes Europe more vulnerable.»

Germany’s Merkel rejects total ban on arms exports to Turkey

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Sept. 12 rejected a total ban on arms exports to NATO ally Ankara,saying that such sales had already been restricted somewhat, but Turkey remained a key ally in the fight against Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).

Merkel told broadcaster NDR that Germany would decide on arms sales requests from Turkey on a case-by-case basis. She also said she saw no reason to impose a travel warning for Germans travelling to Turkey, but said Berlin would keep its options open.»

Russia ‘may partially resume tomato imports from Turkey in October’

Turkish Lira hits 9-month high as GDP growth rate announced at 5.1 percent

* * * * * * *

«Turkey has signed a controversial deal with Russia to arm its forces with Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missiles»

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«President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said a deposit had already been paid»

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«The deal is thought to be worth $2.5bn (£1.9bn).  Turkey has the second-largest army in Nato»

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«The alliance reacted sceptically to the decision, saying the system was not compatible with its equipment.»

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«Turkey’s decision has both practical and political significance. Inevitably it will be seen as a further sign of Ankara’s gradual estrangement from its Western allies»

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«Turkey has been in the market for new air defences for some time. Four years ago it flirted with the idea of buying a Chinese system. But after pressure from its Nato allies it backed away from the deal.»

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«On regional policy Ankara and Moscow are more closely aligned.»

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«Nato has not been informed about the details of any purchase»

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«Germany’s Foreign Minister, Sigmar Gabriel, said Berlin would put all arms exports to Turkey on hold due to the deteriorating relationship between the two nations»

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«Relations between the two countries have deteriorated»

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Su questo argomento abbiamo già parlato in diverse occasioni.

2017-03-17. Russia fornirebbe alla Turkia sistemi S-400 extra Nato.

2017-08-14. Russia arma la Turkia con i sistemi S-400. Trattative per gli S-500.

S-500: Russia’s Super Weapon That Could Kill the B-2, F-22, or F-35

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Prima di esprimere pareri viscerali, poco documentati o corroborati solo da stampa partigiana, sarebbe opportuno valutare l’intera questione leggendo con cura ciò che dicono le parti.

In politica, così come nelle questioni militari, l’informazione partigiana conduce ad errori severi.

Fonti di informazione e difficoltà di tenersi informati.

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In un’epoca in cui vi sono superpotenze con arsenali atomici in grado di distruggere il mondo in pochi minuti, così come potenze locoregionale anche esse dotate di armamenti atomici, sia pure di livello inferiore, diventa essenziale il mantenimento degli equilibri tra i potenziali avversari.

Equilibri che devono essere preservati sia a livello degli armamenti effettivamente in linea, sia a livello di geopolitica, sia infine a livello delle alleanze.

La rottura degli equilibri, indipendentemente dalle cause che abbiano innescato il fenomeno, corre il concreto rischio di far sentire uno dei contendenti minacciato nella sua integrità, e di rispondere quindi con l’opzione militare.

L’incrinatura della Nato nei confronti della Turkia è evidente, e la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel ne è causa efficiente.

Ella propugna una sua scala valoriale, in ossequio alla quale sembrerebbe disposta a disintegrare Unione Europea e Nato, scala valoriale che peraltro è condivisa quasi esclusivamente da lei. La sua opposizione alla Turkia è squisitamente ideologica.

Un vero politico coagula consensi, agglutina forze anche molto differenti, appiana gli attriti, stringe accordi non compromessi.

Da questo punto di vista Frau Merkel è un pericolo attuale alla pace.

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Sappiamo bene che parlando di questi argomenti molte persone si lasciano trasportare dalle loro viscerali ideologie, emettendo giudizi tanto tranchant quanto utopici. Sono persone che a voce reclamano la pace ma nei fatti spianano la via al conflitto armato.


Bbc. 2017-09-12. Turkey signs deal to get Russian S-400 air defence missiles

Turkey has signed a controversial deal with Russia to arm its forces with Russian S-400 anti-aircraft missiles.

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President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said a deposit had already been paid. The deal is thought to be worth $2.5bn (£1.9bn).

Turkey has the second-largest army in Nato. The alliance reacted sceptically to the decision, saying the system was not compatible with its equipment.

Turkey has been establishing closer links with Russia after its recent souring of ties with the US and Europe.

Mr Erdogan’s government objects to US military support for the YPG Syrian Kurdish rebels, who are linked to rebel Kurds in Turkey.

Russia says the S-400 system has a range of 400km (248 miles) and can shoot down up to 80 targets simultaneously, aiming two missiles at each one.

Russia deployed the S-400 at its air force base near Latakia in Syria in December 2015, after Turkish jets had shot down a Russian Su-24 warplane on the Syria-Turkey border.

That incident caused a diplomatic rift between Russia and Turkey, but President Erdogan later patched up his quarrel with President Vladimir Putin.

Tensions within Nato

A military adviser to Mr Putin, Vladimir Kozhin, said the S-400 contract with Turkey was “strictly compatible with our strategic interests”. “On that score, one can quite understand the reaction of some Western countries who are trying to put pressure on Turkey.”

Mr Erdogan, quoted by Turkey’s Hurriyet daily, voiced displeasure with unnamed Western partners who were “seeking enormous amounts of money” for military drones.

He said Turkey had killed 90 YPG “terrorists” in the past week with Turkish drones – developed because the Western ones were too expensive.

“We are responsible for taking security measures for the defence of our country,” he stressed.

The BBC’s Mark Lowen in Turkey says the missile deal is clearly a rebuff to Nato, after the US and Germany withdrew Patriot air defence batteries from Turkey.

In 2015, Turkey urged its Nato allies to keep those batteries positioned on the Turkish-Syrian border.

Speaking to AFP news agency, an unnamed Nato official said: “No Nato ally currently operates the S-400”. They added: “Nato has not been informed about the details of any purchase.”

Germany’s Foreign Minister, Sigmar Gabriel, said Berlin would put all arms exports to Turkey on hold due to the deteriorating relationship between the two nations.

Mr Gabriel’s counterpart in Ankara, Mevlut Cavusoglu, said the comments were inappropriate for a foreign minister.

Relations between the two countries have deteriorated since Turkey arrested a Turkish-German journalist in February as part of a crackdown on political opponents in the country.

Last month, President Erdogan called Germany’s ruling politicians “enemies of Turkey”.

Turkey is also angry with the US for not extraditing Fethullah Gulen, the Muslim cleric who, according to Mr Erdogan, organised the July 2016 coup plot by rogue Turkish officers. Mr Gulen denied any involvement.

Manufacturer: Almaz-Antey arms firm; Deployment: Hmeimim airbase near Latakia – entered service in Russia in 2007; Range: 400km (248 miles); Speed: up to 4.8km (3 miles) per second; Max target height: 30km – can track up to 80 targets simultaneously; Types of target: aircraft, cruise missiles, medium-range missiles, drones, other airborne surveillance systems. (Sources: RIA Novosti, Russian 1TV.ru)

– Long-range surveillance radar tracks objects and relays information to command vehicle, which assesses potential targets

– Target is identified and command vehicle orders missile launch

– Launch data are sent to the best placed launch vehicle and it releases surface-to-air missiles

– Engagement radar helps guide missiles towards target

Not a good choice for Nato

By Jonathan Marcus, BBC defence correspondent

Turkey’s decision has both practical and political significance. Inevitably it will be seen as a further sign of Ankara’s gradual estrangement from its Western allies.

Turkey has been in the market for new air defences for some time. Four years ago it flirted with the idea of buying a Chinese system. But after pressure from its Nato allies it backed away from the deal.

Choosing a Russian system which will be hard, if not impossible, to integrate into Nato’s wider air defence system makes little strategic sense.

It was not that long ago – November 2015 – that Turkey actually shot down a Russian warplane that it said had intruded into its airspace from Syria.

But since then much has changed. On regional policy Ankara and Moscow are more closely aligned. And Turkey’s internal policies are seen as increasingly repressive by many of its allies.

In Nato generally the only Russian equipment used is legacy hardware in the forces of former Warsaw Pact countries. Greece also has an earlier Russian air defence system that was first sold to Cyprus.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Militare

India. Approvato un piano di acquisto di sei Apache.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-19.

Al-Jahrah Cimiteri Carri Armati Iracheni

Al-Jahrah. Cimitero dei carri armati iracheni dopo la guerra del golfo. Si noti come molti di essi abbiano ricevuto un colpo che ha scamottato via la torretta. In gran parte sono stati neutralizzati dagli Apache.



«The Defense Acquisition Council (DAC), which approves big-ticket purchases, gave the green light to acquire six additional Apache helicopters after 22 were bought as part of a $2.5 billion deal in 2015»

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«DAC approved procurement of six Apache helicopters along with associated equipment for the army totally about 4,168 crore rupees ($650 million)»

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«It will be the first time the Indian army has received attack helicopters and it hopes to deploy the craft along India’s high-altitude frontiers — particularly its border in the east with regional rival China»

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«India has increasingly turned to the United States and France, rather than traditional ally Russia, for its military hardware in recent years»

* * * * * * *

«The Boeing AH-64 Apache is an American four-blade, twin-turboshaft attack helicopter with a tailwheel-type landing gear arrangement and a tandem cockpit for a two-man crew. It features a nose-mounted sensor suite for target acquisition and night vision systems.

It is armed with a 30 mm (1.18 in) M230 chain gun carried between the main landing gear, under the aircraft’s forward fuselage. It has four hardpoints mounted on stub-wing pylons, typically carrying a mixture of AGM-114 Hellfire missiles and Hydra 70 rocket pods. The AH-64 has a large amount of systems redundancy to improve combat survivability. ….

One of the revolutionary features of the Apache was its helmet mounted display, the Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS) ….

The AH-64 was designed to perform in front-line environments, and to operate at night or day and during adverse weather conditions ….

Longbow-equipped Apaches can locate up to 256 targets simultaneously within 50 km (31 mi). ….

In 2014, it was announced that new targeting and surveillance sensors were under development to provide high-resolution color imagery to crews, replacing older low definition black-and-white imaging systems. ….

The AH-64 is adaptable to numerous different roles within its context as Close Combat Attack (CCA). In addition to the 30 mm M230E1 Chain Gun, the Apache carries a range of external stores and weapons on its stub-wing pylons, typically a mixture of AGM-114 Hellfire anti-tank missiles, and Hydra 70 general-purpose unguided 70 mm (2.756 in) rockets. One 18-aircraft Apache battalion equipped with Hellfire missiles is capable of destroying 288 tanks» [Fonte]

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Alcune cose sarebbero da notarsi.

Da un punto di vista economico, l’elicottero Apache AH-64D ha un prezzo di listino di 65 milioni Usd. Sei Apache avrebbero dovuto costare 390 milioni. 260 milioni in pezzi di ricambio, armamento suppletivo, e munizionamento a scorta sembrerebbero essere un investimento giustificabile solo se a ridosso di una qualche operazione a breve termine, tenendo conto della rapida obsolescenza delle armi.

Dal punto di vista politico invece, si nota come l’India abbia iniziato a diversificare i fornitori, tra i quali rientra anche Israele.

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Gli Apaches non sono esenti da critiche.

«While effective in combat, the AH-64 also presented serious logistical complications. Findings reported in 1990 stated “maintenance units could not keep up with the Apache’s unexpectedly high work load… To provide spare parts for combat operations, the U.S. Army unofficially grounded all other AH-64s worldwide; Apaches in the theater flew only one-fifth of the planned flight-hours» [Fonte]

Conclusione.

Gli Apache sono un sistema d’arma allo stato dell’arte. Durante la Guerra del Golfo, pur avendo svolto per problemi tecnici solo un quinto delle missioni preventivate, hanno concorso a distruggere un numero impressionante di carri armati avversari.

Resta un ragionevole dubbio.

L’esercito iracheno aveva armamenti obsoleti e quasi nessun mezzo di contrasto contraereo: per gli Apache è stato una sorta di tiro al bersaglio.

Sono in molti ad essere dubbiosi sulla loro reale capacità operativa qualora dovessero affrontare un esercito armato allo stato dell’arte, con batterie missilistiche terra aria di breve raggio. Un elicottero in volo è un bersagli relativamente statico. Sarebbe difficile pensare ad un attacco in forze di carri armati senza che sia stata loro assicurata la protezione contraerea.



Reuters. 2017-08-17. India clears purchase of six Boeing helicopters in $650 million deal

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – India on Thursday cleared the purchase of six more Boeing Co (BA.N) Apache helicopters in a deal worth close to 42 billion rupees ($654.6 million), a defence ministry official said.

The order follows India’s purchase of 22 Apache and Chinook helicopters from Boeing in 2015.

Thursday’s deal, approved by the government’s Defence Acquisition Council, includes the helicopters and associated equipment, spares, training, weapons and ammunition.

The Defence Acquisition Council, chaired by the defence minister, also cleared an order for gas turbine engines – worth an estimated 4.9 billion rupees – for two ships currently under construction in Russia, the official said, speaking on the condition of anonymity.


Saudi Gazette. 2017-08-17. India clears $650m Boeing army chopper deal: Defense sources

India approved a $650 million purchase of six attack choppers Thursday from US aviation giant Boeing, officials said, as it boosts its military might amid border tensions with China and Pakistan.

The Defense Acquisition Council (DAC), which approves big-ticket purchases, gave the green light to acquire six additional Apache helicopters after 22 were bought as part of a $2.5 billion deal in 2015.

Two Defense Ministry sources told AFP on the condition of anonymity that the deal was approved exclusively for the army, without providing further details including a date for delivery.

“DAC approved procurement of six Apache helicopters along with associated equipment for the army totally about 4,168 crore rupees ($650 million),” an official told AFP by text message. The initial batch of 22 Apaches — equipped with Hellfire and Stinger missiles — replaced the Indian Air Force’s aging fleet.

Soon after the first Apache acquisition, the army put in a separate request for a fleet of at least 39, one of the officials told AFP. It will be the first time the Indian army has received attack helicopters and it hopes to deploy the craft along India’s high-altitude frontiers — particularly its border in the east with regional rival China.

New Delhi and Beijing are locked in a tense impasse over a strategic Himalayan plateau where hundreds of Indian and Chinese soldiers have been squaring off against each other for more than three months.

India — the world’s largest defense importer — has been investing tens of billions in updating its Soviet-era military hardware to counter long-standing territorial disputes with its nuclear-armed neighbors.

India has signed several big-ticket defense deals since Prime Minister Narendra Modi stormed to power in 2014. In April, it signed a military deal with Israel worth nearly $2 billion, which includes an advanced defense system of medium-range surface-to-air missiles, launchers and communications technology. India has increasingly turned to the United States and France, rather than traditional ally Russia, for its military hardware in recent years

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Geopolitica Militare

Cina. Un altro arsenale anti – nave. – The Diplomat

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-19.

USS Boxer joins South Korea US drill
epa05205466 A handout picture made available on 11 March 2016 by the US Navy shows the amphibious assault ship USS Boxer (LHD-4) participating in a joint US South Korea amphibious drill underway in the East Sea, South Korea, 10 March 2016. The ship can carry up to 40 airplanes, including the Osprey, a tiltrotor aircraft that can take off and land vertically. EPA/US NAVY SOUTH KOREA OUT HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES

«America’s unmanned dominance has been contested by China’ ambitious drive to be the leading force in drone development and distribution»

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«China is increasingly becoming a potent player in the unmanned game. …. China is developing a new generation of UUVs, aimed at pinpointing the location of U.S. submarines in the depths of Pacific waters»

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«In another advance for China, two months ago, news broke that China is aiming to develop a sea-skimming drone, a drone-bomber, or drone “warthog” capable of tearing across the water just half a meter above the surface — well below radar coverage»

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«In addition to its phantom profile, the advanced concept carries with it a 1,000 kilgram payload, packing enough explosive power to significantly damage an entire U.S. flattop»

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«Will this be China’s second, aircraft killer after the Dong-Feng 21? …. China’s new system would be far more economically viable to deploy and operate than the DF-21. …. A U.S. carrier task force could be quickly overwhelmed by an aerial armada of these new deadly weapon units steaming at high speeds directly toward it»

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La storia degli armamenti evidenzia l’alternanza di fasi nelle quali predominano le armi di attacco seguite da fasi nelle quali dominano quelle da difesa.

Un caso classico è stata l’introduzione della mitragliatrice, che ha conferito agli eserciti terrestri un’arma di difesa micidiale, quasi insormontabile. Fino alla fine della prima guerra mondiale la mitragliatrice ha condizionato una situazione di sostanziale stallo tra le forze opposte. Questa fase fu superata con la introduzione del carro armato, strumento bellico contro cui la mitragliatrice svolge al massimo un ruolo psicologico.

Al momento attuale sembrerebbe che le armi di difesa anti – nave stia iniziando a prendere il sopravvento sul potere offensivo, del tutto non indifferente, montato sulle navi da guerra.

Non solo.

Un fattore che trova una sempre maggiore considerazione è quello legato al costo degli armamenti.

Le navi da guerra, specie poi le porterei, sono molto onerose essendo i costi nell’ambito dei miliardi. Al contrario, i sistemi d’arma anti – nave sono economici, si parla di cifre che variano dai 50,000 Usd fino a circa il milione. La disparità dei costi si aggiunge alla efficienza di questi sistemi.

Tutte queste considerazioni trovano però valore sotto la condizione che le telecomunicazioni siano in grado di funzionare anche in zone operative nelle quali operino avversare tecnologicamente avanzati. Un drone teleguidato ha infatti capacità operativa sotto la condizione che il sistema di telecomando funzioni anche quando fosse disturbato dall’avversario.


The Diplomat. 2017-08-04. China’s Drone-Missile Hybrid: The Next Step in Naval Drone Warfare

Is this the next “carrier killer” in China’s arsenal?

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China was dubbed an “emerging force” in drone warfare in and called a “rising drone power” by 2015. In four short years, its status has gone from “new” to “leading” on multiple fronts in the drone domain. One of those fronts is the application of (militarized) drone technology in sea operations. For over a decade, the United States was the undisputed leader in unmanned development and deployment in East Asia. From the Grey Eagles deployed in South Korea to Global Hawks flying from Japan, and more recently tests with the X-47B, the Sea Hunter USV, and a generation of UUVs under development that should enable U.S. attack submarines to discover other potential underwater enemies more quickly than in previous years.

Yet America’s unmanned dominance has been contested by China’ ambitious drive to be the leading force in drone development and distribution. In prior articles, we argued that China is increasingly becoming a potent player in the unmanned game. Recently, in The Diplomat, Steven Stashwick described how China is developing a new generation of UUVs, aimed at pinpointing the location of U.S. submarines in the depths of Pacific waters.

In another advance for China, two months ago, news broke that China is aiming to develop a sea-skimming drone, a drone-bomber, or drone “warthog” capable of tearing across the water just half a meter above the surface — well below radar coverage. In addition to its phantom profile, the advanced concept carries with it a 1,000 kilgram payload, packing enough explosive power to significantly damage an entire U.S. flattop. Will this be China’s second, aircraft killer after the Dong-Feng 21?

The drone’s speed and below-the-radar-coverage translates into a potentially deadly reduction in reaction time for whatever lies in its sights. The detection-speed metric would probably afford the target vessel less than a minute to defend itself, presenting a looming threat for even the most advanced warships. The U.S. Navy (USN) could still rely on its Naval Integrated Fire Control-Counter Air (NIFC-CA) technology, which can project existing naval sensory ranges through E-2D coordination. The Hawkeye aircraft, operating some 25,000-30,000 above a warship, can act as the task force’s eyes, possibly detecting incoming attackers from a distance of several hundred kilometers. Such coordinated defensive action can put a much-needed cushion of time between the run-up to attack and the prosecution of an assault against America’s naval giants. Yet for other nations, this “warthog” poses a new lethal treat.

With an estimated range of 900 miles, it certainly stretches China’s capabilities to project power from its shores – that’s two to three times the range of a conventional cruise missile or what are colloquially called “sea skimmers.” China’s drone-missile hybrid can be launched from a land-based military installation and dart out to sea. Using its onboard radar technology, the unit would seek out an enemy target and execute a strike much like an advanced cruise missile. However, the hybrid would carry with it a lower price tag than a conventional cruise missile and would therefore by far more expendable than its pure missile counterpart. In this, China’s new system would be far more economically viable to deploy and operate than the DF-21.

Yet most striking in this development is China turning from the development of UAVs for aerial purposes toward unmanned systems aimed at tasks in the maritime realm. With the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) and Air Force (PLAAF) increasingly becoming main military actors, and the South China Sea, East China Sea, and general naval expansion as centers of military attention, China appears poised to steer its R&D regarding new (unmanned) military systems in the direction of systems that would benefit operations in the naval realm.

A second striking feature is how the development of unmanned systems is slowly moving toward the development of armed, next-generation unmanned systems. Unarmed systems could still be used in the maritime realm, and indeed China has deployed them to its new bases in the South China Sea, but their survivability in any possible conflict will be limited, or even non-existent due to a lack of defense capabilities. The development of sea-skimming drones exemplifies China’s desire to weaponize its current, and especially its next, generation of unmanned systems slated for East Asia waters and the Pacific. Such systems, moreover, would complement China’s larger A2/AD naval strategy, which aims to prevent the U.S. Navy and other allied naval forces from operating safely within the first island chain.

Furthermore, the drone-missile hybrid paves the way for near-future military applications with the basis for building on the concept of drone swarming in a unique unmanned domain. A U.S. carrier task force could be quickly overwhelmed by an aerial armada of these new deadly weapon units steaming at high speeds directly toward it. In expansive waters, the threat level posed through the application of this lethal devise is high enough, but when prosecuted in tight littoral regions such as the Taiwan Strait or waters adjacent South Korea and even Japan, evading the weapons could be tricky business.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Medio Oriente, Problemi militari, Unione Europea

Cantieri Navali. L’Italia tira a Mr Macron e Frau Merkel un calcio nei denti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-13.

Aquila_001__Mangia_Topo__

L’argomento è delicato quanto pruriginoso ed importante. Capendolo si comprendono i triboli tedeschi e soprattutto francesi, nonchè molte dinamiche interne la così detta Unione Europea.

La lettura dei link e degli allegati è indispensabile per comprendere l’articolo.


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Per un certo quale lasso di tempo Mr Macron è diventato l’idolo di moda della sinistra liberal europea.

In Francia Mr Hollande era riuscito nell’improba fatica di disintegrare il partito socialista riducendolo dal 61% all’8%, ma a quel punto erano scese direttamente in campo la massoneria francese e la Banca Rothschild, presentando il proprio candidato alla Presidenza francese: Emmanuel Macron.

Grand Orient de France. 2017-04-13. Sept Obédiences maçonniques lancent un Appel Républicain pour les élections présidentielles – 13 avril 2017.

Quasi onnipotenti quando l’Occidente negli anni sessanta costituiva il 90% del pil mondiale, sempre potenti, ma decisamente ridimensionati, oggi che l’Occidente conta poco più del 40% del pil mondiale e, soprattutto, evidenzia una grossolana frattura tra Usa ed Europa di Mr Macron e Frau Merkel.

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Macron sarebbe il candidato della Lobby Rothschild e di quella Gay.

Macron laughs off widespread rumours of sexual affair with French radio boss

Lettera aperta di Emmanuel Macron.

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Francia. Voto presidenziali 2017 per Regione.

Macron denatura la Lione – Torino. Se poi la si finirà di costruire.

Macron & Merkel Masonry Ldt. Iniziano le grandi manovre.

L’enigma della bega Macron – Pierre de Villiers.

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Macron. L’indice Ifop di popolarità è crollato di 10 punti.

Macron. I francesi si scoprono xenofobi e razzisti. Troppi immigrati incompatibili.

Macron nazionalizza la Stx di Saint-Nazaire. Alla faccia di EU e dell’Italia.

Macron. Affarucci in barba a sanzioni, ‘clima’ e diritti umani. Gli affari francesi sono sacri.

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Il Qatar è il più grande esportatore di gas naturale liquefatto (LNG), e rifornisce di gas naturale tutta la penisola araba. Grande finanziatore del terrorismo islamico in Medio Oriente ed in Europa, è paese amico di chiunque gli permetta di fare buoni affari. Esiste, è forte e potente: sarebbe impossibile non tenerne conto.

«United Arab Emirates — Qatar on Wednesday signed a €5 billion euro (U.S. $5.9 billion) deal to purchase seven naval vessels from Italy»

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«despite a blockade from neighboring countries»

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«Qatari Foreign Minister Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani announced the defense deal at a joint news conference in Doha with Italian Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano»

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«Qatar, which is the world’s largest liquefied natural gas exporter, and other energy rich Gulf Arab states are among the world’s biggest spenders on military equipment»

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«Qatar also hosts the hub for U.S.-led operations against the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria»

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La posizione del Qatar è quella tipica di ogni paese arabo: tiene il piede in un buon numero di scarpe nella concreta speranza di guadagnarci su qualcosa. Gli arabi sono persone pratiche. Gli Occidentali, specie europei, stentano a comprendere che l’islam è politica, non religione.

Se il Qatar ospita comandi e truppe americane impegnate nella lotta contro il terrorismo in Medio Oriente, nel contempo finanzia in modo sostanzioso i terroristi stessi. È lavoro che genera lavoro. Accettato dalla Realpolitk, è avversato dagli ideologi.

Se è vero che

Trump: Qatar must stop funding terrorism

è altrettanto vero che

Qatar agrees to combat terrorism financing under deal with U.S.

Ma sia Mr Trump sia Mr Tillerson sanno anche che:

Deutsche Bank. Il Qatar mira al 25%. HBJ.

Deutsche Bank. Asset azionario e terrorismo. I proprietari.

Washington. Altro scandalo in casa democratica. Deborah Wasserman Schultz.

Trump ed Arabia Saudita. Quando la Realpolitik vale 100 miliardi cash.

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L’Unione Europea non intrattiene buoni rapporti con gli stati del Medio Oriente.

Can Merkel press Saudi authorities on women’s rights?

Saudi Arabia ‘wants no more German weapons’: report

Merkel. Una gran brutta figuraccia in Arabia Saudita.

Merkel. Dopo l’Arabia, adesso ci ha ritentato con Mr Putin.

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In buona sostanza l’Europa, recependo le istanze di Frau Merkel, aveva posto come conditio sine qua non per fornire armamenti ai Paesi del Medio Oriente. LEuropa voleva anche la loro completa accettazione dei ‘valori‘ patrocinati dalla Bundeskanzlerin e del così detto ‘buon governo‘, così come esso è definito dai liberals. In parole povere, i tedeschi e l’Unione gradirebbero che gli arabi si convertissero all’lgbt, diventassero femministi, indicessero elezioni ed eleggessero governanti tedeschi oppure si dimettessero in massa e si facessero sostituire da femmine educate in Europa alla scuola liberal. Questa la loro risposta:

«We will not cause any more problems for the German government with new requests for weapons»

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Mr Macron aveva mosso Cielo, terra ed inferi per avere questa commissione del Qatar per i cantieri Stx. Ma non ce la ha fatta. Non gliela hanno voluta dare. Adesso dovrebbe essere evidente che la potenza reale di Mr Macron e dei suoi mandanti è stata ampiamente sopravalutata.

E poi. Chi mai si potrebbe fidare di Mr Macron?

Nota sarcastica.

A nessuno è sfuggito come l’intero progetto sia finanziato da Deutsche Bank, in passato di proprietà tedesca. Così i sudditi di Frau Merkel avranno il privilegio di finanziare un progetto da cui la Bundeskanzlerin si è auto esclusa per difendere la propria Weltanschauung, trascinando Mr Macron con lei.

Confermare Mr Macron e Frau Merkel nelle loro rispettive fedi ideologiche è stato un capolavoro psicologico di Mr Tillerson, potentemente aiutato da Mr Putin. I superbi alla fine credono sia vero quanto dicono loro gli adulatori.


Defense News. 2017-08-02. Qatar and Italy sign a nearly $6B deal for naval vessels

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Qatar on Wednesday signed a €5 billion euro (U.S. $5.9 billion) deal to purchase seven naval vessels from Italy, a reminder of the small Gulf state’s purchasing power despite a blockade from neighboring countries.

Qatari Foreign Minister Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani announced the defense deal at a joint news conference in Doha with Italian Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano. They did not provide more details on the deal, saying only that it underscored the countries’ ongoing defense cooperation.

Qatar, which is the world’s largest liquefied natural gas exporter, and other energy rich Gulf Arab states are among the world’s biggest spenders on military equipment. The deals signed over the years with the U.S. and European allies have helped cement bilateral ties, but have also made the diplomatic fallout around Qatar all the more politically sensitive. Qatar also hosts the hub for U.S.-led operations against the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria.

The dispute erupted in early June when the four countries of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt and Bahrain cut diplomatic ties and transport links with Qatar. Saudi Arabia also sealed shut Qatar’s only land border, impacting a significant source of food imports, and barred it from using its airspace, which has forced Qatar’s flagship carrier to take longer routes over Iran.

The crisis has prompted a flurry of international visits and meetings to try and resolve the crisis.

Earlier this week, the quartet said they would be open to dialogue with Qatar if it accepts their demands to change its policies in the region first. They also insisted that Qatar comply with a sweeping list of 13 demands as well as six broader principles that center around cracking down on terrorism financing.

In remarks at the news conference Wednesday, Al Thani insisted that any talks respect Qatar’s sovereignty and said his country has never put forth conditions for dialogue. He also appeared to dismiss the quartet’s latest comments that Qatar comply with their demands.


Quwa. 2017-08-03. Qatar inks $5.9 billion U.S. naval warship deal with Italy’s Fincantieri

The Qatari government has inked a $5.9 billion U.S. deal with its Italian counterpart for four corvettes, an amphibious landing platform dock (LPD) and two offshore patrol vessels.

Qatar had negotiated the purchase in June 2016. Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri is the principal shipbuilder, but Qatar’s ships will also be equipped with electronics and armaments from Leonardo and MBDA, respectively. The latter two firms are to receive a $1.13 billion contract to fit the new ships. The complete naval program also includes 15 years of after-sale maintenance and support work.

Notes & Comments:

Like Qatar Emiri Army and Qatari Emiri Air Force, the Qatari Emiri Naval Forces (QENF)’s modernization-track is steered towards both qualitative improvements as well as capability and quantitative expansion. The QENF’s present fleet comprises of fast attack craft and patrol boats meant for guarding its littoral seas and policing its exclusive economic zone. However, its future fleet will not only augment its patrol force (through two new OPVs), the four corvettes will provide a vastly changed warfighting capability.

Qatar’s forthcoming corvettes will be multi-mission combatants capable of anti-ship warfare (AShW), anti-air warfare (AAW) and anti-submarine warfare (ASW). With a hull length of over 100 metres, Doha intends to configure the corvettes with (likely) a Leonardo KRONOS (Naval or Grand Naval) active electronically-scanned array (AESA) radar paired with the MBDA Aster 30 Block-1 long-range surface-to-air missile (SAM), which has a range of in-excess of 100 km. Qatar is also procuring MICA-VL short-range SAMs which offer a range of 20 km, potentially to augment the Aster 30s on the corvettes and/or to equip the OPVs. The AShW element will center on the 180 km-range Exocet MM40 Block-3 anti-ship missiles (AShM).

The LPD is expected to be a variant of the 9,000-ton LPD Fincantieri had built for the Algerian Navy, the Kalaat Beni-Abbes. The Kalaat Beni-Abbes has a crew of 160 and can ferry 400 soldiers, 15 main battle tanks or 30 light-armoured vehicles with three medium-weight utility helicopters on its flight deck. This LPD will provide Qatar with an expeditionary element that it can apply for humanitarian and disaster relief and coalition support missions.