Pubblicato in: Commercio, Materie Prime, Politica Mondiale, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Dazi Usa. Dimensioni e ripercussioni sul Made in Italy.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-06-07.

unione europea 001

La Unione Europea esporta / esportava negli Stati Uniti acciaio per 5.3 miliardi di euro ed alluminio per 1.1 miliardi.

2018-06-07__Dazi Usa e ripercussioni sul Made in Italy.__001

In migliaia di tonnellate, Germania 951, Olanda 633, Francia 237, Svezia 216, Italia 212, Lussemburgo 207, Spagna 193, Regno Unito 173, Portogallo 169, Belgio 154, Austria 87, Repubblica Ceka 69.

In linea generale, sono volumi e cifre non certo impegnative.

Si consideri, per esempio, come il pil prodotto nel 2017 dall’Unione Europea ammonti a 18,495.349 miliardi di Usd, mentre quello dell’eurozona a 16,199.074 miliardi.

«L’UE-28, la Cina e gli Stati Uniti sono i tre maggiori attori globali del commercio internazionale dal 2004, anno in cui la Cina ha superato il Giappone. Nel 2016 il valore totale di esportazioni e importazioni di merci riportato per l’UE-28, per la Cina e per gli Stati Uniti era pressoché identico, avendo raggiunto 3 455 miliardi di euro nell’UE-28 …. Il Giappone ha registrato il quarto valore più elevato di scambi di merci, pari a 1 131 miliardi di euro» [Eurostat]

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Appare del tutto evidente come i 6.4 miliardi imputabili ai dazi, pur rilevanti come cifra assoluta, siano percentualmente ben poca cosa rispetto all’export di 3,455 miliardi verso gli Stati Uniti d’America.

Sembrerebbe quindi lecito il domandarsi del perché di tanto clangore attorno a questo provvedimento.

Se è vero che la Germania sembrerebbe essere il paese più colpito, sarebbe altrettanto vera la constatazione che in termini percentuali non aggrava in modo significativo.

In un’altra ottica si potrebbe considerare il pessimo stato di salute della produzione di acciaio in Germania

Merkel. «Tedeschi, volete ‘clima’ od acciaio?»

Cina. Grande Muraglia contro la Germania. – Handelsblatt.

Questa considerazione potrebbe almeno in parte giustificare il risentimento tedesco e, quindi, europeo.

Ma forse potrebbero essere altre considerazioni quelle più pregnanti.

La produzione dell’acciaio implica quella del carbone, e di buona qualità. Estrazione di materiali ferrosi, di carbone e produzione dell’acciaio sono intimamente correlati. Gli Stati Uniti stanno ora facendo tornare in auge il carbone, mentre la Germania argomenta che vorrebbe cessarne la produzione.

Però queste sono produzioni strategiche, che assommano una grande quantità di brevetti e di know-how. Senza una ragionevole export questa produzione già in crisi potrebbe diventare insostenibile.

Come si constata, il problema è molto sfaccettato.


Adnk. 2018-06-05. Dazi Usa, i rischi per il Made in Italy

I dazi introdotti dagli Stati Uniti minacciano circa 40 miliardi di euro di Made in Italy. Secondo alcune recenti analisi, la stretta di Trump – che prevede dazi del 25% sulle importazioni di acciaio e del 10% sull’alluminio – sta per ricadere su una serie di prodotti italiani che ogni anno vengono esportati negli Usa.

Secondo un’analisi Coldiretti – su base dati Istat – a rischio ci sarebbero 40,5 miliardi di esportazioni italiane, che nel 2017 hanno raggiunto il record storico. Gli Stati Uniti sono inoltre il principale mercato di riferimento per il Made in Italy fuori dall’Unione europea, con un impatto rilevante anche per l’agroalimentare.

Una strategia, quella dell”America First’, che – come ha fatto sapere il presidente della Commissione Ue, Jean-Claude Juncker – non lascia altra scelta “se non procedere con un ricorso all’Organizzazione Mondiale del Commercio e con l’imposizione di dazi aggiuntivi su una serie di importazioni” da oltre Atlantico.

MISURE UE – Tali ‘misure di riequilibrio’ su prodotti importati dagli Usa potrebbero essere attivate entro 90 giorni dall’entrata in vigore dei dazi americani. Una black list che potrebbe includere magliette, pantaloni, biancheria e scarpe (che l’Italia importa dagli Usa per 18,6 milioni di euro, dati 2017) e cosmetici (rossetti, ciprie, manicure per 10,4 milioni di euro).

Ma anche, come reso noto dalla Commissione lo scorso marzo, fagioli rossi secchi, alcuni tipi di riso come il parboiled o la spezzatura di riso, il burro d’arachidi, i mirtilli rossi, il succo d’arancia, il Bourbon Whiskey americano e le sigarette.

NEL 2016 – Secondo un’altra analisi, fatta dal Centro studi di Unimpresa (su dati Istat e riferita al 2016), il totale delle esportazioni italiane negli Stati Uniti d’America ammonta a 36,7 miliardi di euro.

Nel dettaglio, sul totale delle esportazioni, nel 2016 gli alimentari pesano per 2,02 miliardi (5,49%), in crescita di 137 milioni rispetto al 2015 (+7,25%); le bevande per 1,7 miliardi (4,66%), in crescita di 74 milioni (+4,49%) sul 2015; il settore tessile vale 515 milioni (1,39%), in diminuzione di 34 milioni (-6,19%) sull’anno precedente; quota 1,5 miliardi (4,25%) per l’abbigliamento, in discesa di 95 milioni (-5,71%) sul 2015; per quanto riguarda la pelle, l’ammontare delle esportazioni si è attestato a 1,7 miliardi (4,73%), in calo di 56 milioni (-3,11%).

LE AREE – Cambiando area, il settore della chimica ha fatto registrare esportazioni per 1,6 miliardi (4,46%) in crescita di 44 milioni (+2,74%) sull’anno precedente; nel 2016, poi, sono stati esportati prodotti farmaceutici per 1,9 miliardi (5,26%), cifra in aumento di 415 milioni (+27,18%) sul 2015; l’export dei minerali si è attestato a 1,3 miliardi (3,76%), in crescita di 62 milioni (+4,67%), mentre quello dei metalli è calato di 456 milioni (-31,58%) a quota 988 milioni (2,68%).

E ancora: l’elettronica vale 1,3 miliardi (+3,56%), valore in crescita di 31 milioni (+2,41%) rispetto ai 12 mesi precedenti. Crescita di 212 milioni (+3,05%) per i macchinari, che pesano 7,1 miliardi (19,40%), mentre è risultato in calo di 375 milioni (-7,66%) l’ammontare delle esportazioni di autoveicoli, sceso a 4,5 miliardi (12,24%); l’export di navi, treni e aerei ammonta a 3,6 miliardi (9,89%), in salita di 873 milioni (+31,43%).

Nel 2016, poi, sono stati esportati mobili per 911 milioni (2,47%) in crescita di 90 milioni (+10,96%); altri prodotti di manifattura pesano per poco più di 2 miliardi (5,45%), in salita di 114 milioni (+6,01%). Il resto delle esportazioni di made in Italy, che non rientrano nelle precedenti categorie, valgono 3,8 miliardi (10,32%), in discesa di 96 milioni sul 2015 (-2,46%).

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Politica Mondiale, Unione Europea

Soros Alexander. Figlio d’arte all’opera nei Balkani.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-29.

Soros Alexander 001

Chiariamo immediatamente due concetti al momento non ancora pienamente razionalizzati da alcuni.

– George Soros è molto vecchio, ma alla sua morte gli subentrerà il figlio Alexander. Se alcuni gioiscono per la continuità di azione delle Open Society Foundations, altri se ne dolgono profondamente.

– Le guerre civili balkaniche degli anni ’90 non hanno pacificato la zona, ma hanno solo esitato in una tregua. Sarà nei Balkani che si decideranno i destini europei.

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«Alexander G. Soros (born 1985) is an American philanthropist.

Alexander Soros is the son of billionaire George Soros and Susan Weber Soros. He was raised in Katonah, New York and has a younger brother, Gregory. Soros graduated from King Low Heywood Thomas in Stamford, Connecticut. He graduated from New York University in 2009. As of 2012, he is pursuing a doctorate in history at the University of California, Berkeley. In 2014, Soros contributed an essay to the book God, Faith and Identity from the Ashes: Reflections of Children and Grandchildren of Holocaust Survivors.

His writing has appeared in: The Guardian, Politico, Reuters, Thomson Reuters Foundation, The Miami Herald, The Sun-Sentinel, The Forward.

He established himself as a philanthropist with his first major contribution to the Jewish Funds for Justice.

According to a 2011 Wall Street Journal profile, Soros’ focus is on “progressive causes that might not have widespread support.” Since then, he has joined the board of directors of organizations including Global Witness (as an advisory board member), which campaigns against environmental and human rights abuses associated with the exploitation of natural resources; the Open Society Foundations, which works to establish government accountability and democratic processes internationally; and Bend the Arc (which was formed by the merger of the Progressive Jewish Alliance and Jewish Funds for Justice in 2012).

Soros continues to donate to political causes as well. In March 2012 he donated $200,000 to the Jewish Council for Education and Research, the organization behind 2008’s “Great Schlep” in support of then-candidate Barack Obama.

In 2012 he established the Alexander Soros Foundation, which is dedicated to promoting social justice and human rights. Among the foundation’s initial grantees are Bend the Arc, the National Domestic Workers Alliance, which represents the rights of 2.5 million domestic workers in the U.S., and Make the Road New York, which builds the power of Latino and working class communities to achieve dignity and justice.» [Fonte]

Tutto ciò che si sarebbe potuto dire per il padre George, lo si potrebbe ripetere per il figlio Alexander.

Soros George. Uno stato negli stati. Ecco i suoi principali voivodati.

Soros. Esercito universitario e controllo della cultura, strumenti del potere.

More Than 40% of Student Borrowers Aren’t Making Payments

Soros furibondo attacca Orban e l’Ungheria: sono degli ingrati.

Romania, Approvata riforma giudiziaria avversata da EU e Mr Soros.

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Bene.

Il giovanotto, Alexander Soros, sta movendo i primi passi ed ha scelto come agone il cuore dei Balcani: la Serbia. Comportamenti ambigui ed ambivalenti.

«Despite a continuing campaign in Serbia against rights groups linked to George Soros, Serbia’s President held an apparently friendly meeting on Monday with his son, Alexander»

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«Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic on Monday met Alexander Soros, the son of billionaire philanthropist George Soros and Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Open Society Foundations»

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«The meeting comes at a time of continuing agitation in Serbia – and other countries in Eastern Europe – against Soros-linked groups, which Vucic’s ruling party, the Serbian Progressive Party, has been accused of encouraging»

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«The website of the Serbian President said that Vucic had discussed regional cooperation, the Soros-backed Foundation for European Integration of Serbia, reforms in the media and the rule of law in Serbia»

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«President Vucic pointed out that the strategic goal and main priority of Serbia is full membership in the European Union, and that Serbia is ready for further reform of society and achieving European standards»

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Riassumiamo in sintesi.

La Serbia di Aleksandar Vucic ambirebbe ad essere ammessa nell’Unione Europea: quindi, prende contatto con il vero padrone dell’Unione per contrattare l’ingresso.

Poi, tutto finirà come per la Turkia.


Balkan Inside. 2017-11-20. Serbia President Holds Cordial Meeting With Soros’ Son

Despite a continuing campaign in Serbia against rights groups linked to George Soros, Serbia’s President held an apparently friendly meeting on Monday with his son, Alexander.

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Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic on Monday met Alexander Soros, the son of billionaire philanthropist George Soros and Deputy Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Open Society Foundations.

The meeting comes at a time of continuing agitation in Serbia – and other countries in Eastern Europe – against Soros-linked groups, which Vucic’s ruling party, the Serbian Progressive Party, has been accused of encouraging.

The website of the Serbian President said that Vucic had discussed regional cooperation, the Soros-backed Foundation for European Integration of Serbia, reforms in the media and the rule of law in Serbia.

“President Vucic pointed out that the strategic goal and main priority of Serbia is full membership in the European Union, and that Serbia is ready for further reform of society and achieving European standards,” the President’s official website said.

It added that the President told Soros that “despite occasional negative processes in the region, Serbia remains committed to resolving all open bilateral issues with its neighbors through dialogue”.

According to the report, Alexander Soros encouraged Serbia to continue to play “a constructive role in the stability of the Western Balkans”, and added that his Foundation was ready to support reform processes and the development of entrepreneurship, as well as the program of Roma integration in Serbia.

“The two interlocutors agreed that Serbia needs to continue to implement reforms, especially those related to the rule of law”.

Since the Progressive Party came to power in Serbia in 2012, Soros-backed groups have been often accused of financing anti-Vucic and anti-government campaigns.

Vucic himself in March told Pink TV that he believed Soros was linked to anti-government protests both in Serbia and Russia.
“If we look at their [Russian] information, we see the same financiers, from Soros to some others,” he said.
In the same month, a Progressive Party MP, Vladimir Orlic, said be believed that Soros was “the father of the opposition” in Serbia.

Earlier, on January 28, Aleksandar Vulin, Serbia’s Labour Minister claimed that opposition candidates in the upcoming presidential election – which Vucic won – were in the pay of Soros.

Also in January, the right-wing Nasi movement called for a new law that would outlaw the work of Open Society Foundations, following the example of Russia.

Last year, a newspaper sympathetic to the government said Soros was trying to cause “chaos” in the country.

“For the chaos in Serbia, Soros gave almost four million euros,” the tabloid Informer claimed in August 2016. More recently, in November this year, it wrote that “Soros and USAID are hitting Serbia”, adding: “The US is giving 2 million dollars to bring down Vucic.”

This is not first meeting of Vucic with Soros, however. In September this year in New York, Vucic met both George and Alexander Soros, which Vucic later said had been “very interesting”.

“I’ve listened to them, they listened me. We did not deal with gossip, but serious things. We exchanged views of developments in the world, Europe, in the Balkans,” Vucic said, Insajder website reported.

Serbia is far from the only country in the region where Soros-linked groups are routinely accused of subverting the nation and government.

The Hungarian government has regularly accused Soros of planning to flood Europe with immigrants to subvert its identity, and recently promised to set up a “national consultation” on Soros organisations. He has also come under attack from politicians in Poland and Romania.


Balkan Inside. 2017-12-19. Serbia Charges Youth Activists for War Criminal Protest

The prosecution brought misdemeanour charges against nine Youth Initiative for Human Rights activists who disrupted a speech by Serbian war crimes convict Veselin Sljivancanin.

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The prosecution on Tuesday charged the youth activists with “rude, impudent or reckless behaviour” as well as “insulting, exercising violence, threatening or fighting” for disrupting a speech by Veselin Sljivancanin in the northern town of Beska in January.

They face between 30 and 60 days in prison if convicted.

YIHR activists blew whistles and unfurled a banner with the message “Criminals should shut up so we can talk about victims” at the event at which Sljivancanin spoke, which was organised by the ruling Progressive Party.

Former Yugoslav People’s Army colonel Sljivancanin served a jail sentence for war crimes after being convicted of aiding and abetting the torture of non-Serb prisoners from Vukovar in Croatia in 1991.

The YIHR did not want to comment on the charges ahead of the first hearing before the court next Monday.

But the group’s director, Anita Mitic, accused the prosecutors of backing Sljivancanin.

“The state clearly took the side of war criminals,” Mitic wrote on Twitter.

The activists claim they were the ones who were attacked in Beska, then kicked out of the public venue and had one of their cars damaged.

The Progressive Party insisted in a statement at the time however that the activists caused the clash by disrupting the meeting.

“A group of hooligans interrupted the event… and brutally disturbed the citizens present who were listening to the speakers calmly and in dignity,” the party said in a statement.

The prosecution threw out the criminal charges brought by YIHR activists against unknown perpetrators for the alleged attack on them in Beska.

Sljivancanin also spoke at another Progressive Party meeting in Vrsac on Monday.

He was released in 2011, after serving two-thirds of his sentence.

Pubblicato in: Demografia, Politica Mondiale

Giappone. Domani elezioni anticipate. Abe favorito.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-21.

2017-10-21__Giappone__001

«new polling shows Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s ruling coalition on track to win around 300 of the 465 seats in the Diet’s lower house»

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«But The Nikkei Inc. survey indicates that some uncertainty remains on the eve of the Japanese election, with 23% of the 289 single-seat constituencies and 16% of the 176 proportional-representation seats still considered close races»

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«finds 207 single-seat districts and 55 proportional-representation seats leaning toward or strongly favoring Abe’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party»

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«The poll suggests the coalition may capture 63.9% of the chamber, down from 68.2% before the election»

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«This would leave it just short of the 310 seats — a two-thirds supermajority — needed to advance Abe’s goal of revising Japan’s pacifist constitution to formally acknowledge the role of the country’s Self-Defense Forces»

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Il Giappone ha molti severi problemi, alcuni dei quali sono stati solamente adombrati in campagna elettorale, secondo l ostile orientale.

Sono però problemi la risoluzione dei quali richiederebbe maggioranze sopra i 310 deputati, perché le decisioni in merito richiederebbero maggioranze qualificate.

Un primo grande problema è costituito dalla difesa dello stato. Il Giappone ha forze armate del tutto inadeguate e non dispone di armamento atomico per costituzione. Ma ciò che poteva avere un senso settanta anni fa sembrerebbe non averlo più ora. La Cina è emersa come superpotenza economica e militare. Essa non costituisce una minaccia al Giappone, però c’è, e quindi un nuovo equilibrio di forze sarebbe auspicabile. Poi, sicuramente il Giappone è protetto da trattati militari, ma tutti sappiamo come i trattati siano pezzi di carta che hanno valore solo se sostenuti da un forte esercito.

Un secondo grande problema è costituito da un debito pubblico straripante, che tutti si affannano a ripetere che sia utile e benefico, ma che nei fatti pesa come un macigno. È innegabile quanto questo aspetto possa condizionare un riarmamento giapponese.

Un terzo grande problema è quello demografico. A fronte di una mortalità del 9.6 per mille, si evidenzia un tasso di natalità del 7.8 per mille. Il tasso di fertilità si attesta a 1.41, mentre l’attesa di vita sfiora gli 83.84 anni. Il saldo è quindi negativo. Più ancora che il futuro calo della popolazione, interessa lo squilibrio tra anziani e giovani, essendo questi ultimi coloro che alla fine pagano le pensioni. Ma senza giovani è impossibile costituire un esercito.

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Il Giappone è un paese di vecchi: il 27.28% della popolazione è over 65. Sarà ben difficile che riesca a riprendersi.


Nikkei Asian Review. 2017-10-21. Abe’s coalition seen near supermajority in Japan election poll

TOKYO — As the campaign for Sunday’s general election enters its final stretch, new polling shows Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s ruling coalition on track to win around 300 of the 465 seats in the Diet’s lower house, while Tokyo Gov. Yuriko Koike’s upstart Party of Hope has lost much of its initial momentum.

But The Nikkei Inc. survey indicates that some uncertainty remains on the eve of the Japanese election, with 23% of the 289 single-seat constituencies and 16% of the 176 proportional-representation seats still considered close races.

LDP firmly in front

The poll, conducted Tuesday through Thursday, finds 207 single-seat districts and 55 proportional-representation seats leaning toward or strongly favoring Abe’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party, roughly the same as in an Oct. 10-11 poll conducted as campaigning officially began. The party held 290 seats before Abe dissolved the lower house in September for the snap election.

Junior coalition partner Komeito looks to reach 35 seats, up one from the earlier survey and an increase of one seat from the party’s previous standing in the lower house.

The poll suggests the coalition may capture 63.9% of the chamber, down from 68.2% before the election. This would leave it just short of the 310 seats — a two-thirds supermajority — needed to advance Abe’s goal of revising Japan’s pacifist constitution to formally acknowledge the role of the country’s Self-Defense Forces. The coalition would be forced to seek opposition support, and how that proceeds would depend on which party gains the upper hand in the opposition.

The Party of Hope — or Kibo no To — which picked up many candidates from the former Democratic Party in an effective merger, was favored in the earlier poll to lead the opposition, with 69 seats. But the party has failed to gain widespread support, owing partly to Koike’s comments about “excluding” Democratic lawmakers deemed too liberal. The governor acknowledged in a news conference Thursday that her phrasing “may have been harsh.” The latest survey shows her party winning just 55 seats — fewer than its individual members held before the election.

The left-leaning Constitutional Democratic Party, which includes many of those former Democrats left out by the Party of Hope, is rapidly catching up. The party’s projected seat total has risen from 45 to 54 as it attracts more of the opposition interest away from the Party of Hope. The Constitutional Democrats, headed by Yukio Edano — who served as chief cabinet secretary in a former Democratic Party of Japan government, could become the second-largest party in the lower house.

The Japanese Communist Party looks set to lose three seats, bringing its total to 18, while the Japan Innovation Party would drop from 14 to 10 amid struggles in its main support base of Osaka.

Independents are expected to take 30 seats, up from 28 in the earlier poll. The gains likely owe to growing support for former Democrats who chose not to join the Party of Hope.

Koike’s Party of Hope sheds support as liberal rivals gain ground: Nikkei survey

The poll was conducted by Nikkei Research via random-digit dialing. Roughly 45,000 eligible voters participated for a response rate of 60.1%.

Hope fades as forsaken liberals rise

The survey results suggest that the opposition’s failure to present a united front against the ruling coalition has hit the Party of Hope hardest. The LDP has pulled well ahead of the party in 13 districts previously considered battlegrounds, nearly all of which had at least two opposition candidates splitting the anti-Abe vote.

The upstart party is foundering even in Tokyo, where Koike’s local party Tomin First no Kai trounced the LDP in the July metropolitan assembly election. The Party of Hope is not strongly favored to win in any of the capital’s 25 single-seat districts, and it is seen as having the upper hand in only two. The governor’s association with the party does not seem to be drawing unaffiliated voters as hoped.

The rise of the Constitutional Democrats is causing problems for the Party of Hope as well. In Tokyo’s 10th district, once represented by Koike herself in the lower house, support for the Party of Hope candidate slumped by 9 points between the two polls, with the LDP and Constitutional Democratic contenders competing for those votes.

Koike circulated a manifesto to her party’s candidates Thursday casting the Party of Hope as a healthy, “reformist conservative” alternative to an LDP focused on protecting its own interests and a Constitutional Democratic Party veering steadily to the left.

A survey of party support showed the LDP leading with 38%, followed by the Constitutional Democrats at 15%, the Party of Hope at 10% and Komeito and the Communist Party tied at 5%. Yet despite the ruling party’s commanding lead, 47% of respondents disapproved of the current cabinet while only 38% approved.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Mondiale, Politica Mondiale

Cina. Xiamen. Brics Plus alla conquista del mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-30.

Pechino-Cina

Abbiamo già riferito del Simposio di Quanzhou e del programma Belt and Road.

Cina. Quanzhou. I Brics decidono cosa farsene dell’Occidente.

Russia, Cina e Stati Uniti. Venezuela. I venezuelani sono comparse.

Belt and Road Forum. L’alternativa a Davos ed al G20.

Obor. Progetto cinese su di un terzo del pil mondiale, per ora.

Brics. Il Summit di settembre a Xiamen. Ripudio dell’Occidente.

Cina. Banche Cinesi e Belt and Road. Yuan come valuta internazionale.

Filippine. La situazione analizzata dal punto di vista cinese. Xinhua.

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Cina. Inversione di rotta. Inizia la riduzione del debito.

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I Brics crescono ogni giorno che passa.

Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

Il pil ppa rende bene l’idea, ma non è l’unico modo di conteggiare. Secondo altre metodiche i Brics varrebbero il 25% dell’economia mondiale e renderebbero conto del 50% della crescita dei sistemi economici. Un risultato molto simile al 29.97%.

Il pil ppa rende conto del reale potere di acquisto.

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Brics. Il Summit di settembre a Xiamen. Ripudio dell’Occidente.

Cina. Banche Cinesi e Belt and Road. Yuan come valuta internazionale.

Filippine. La situazione analizzata dal punto di vista cinese. Xinhua.

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La Cina sta per lanciare il progetto Brics Plus.

The Valdai Discussion Club. 2017-07-19. BRICS-Plus: Alternative Globalization in the Making?

«Given that the BRICS is a unique grouping that is present in all key regions and continents of the developing world, it could serve as a platform for expanding South-South cooperation and economic integration across a wide range of areas. In this regard, rather that seeking to expand core membership, the BRICS+ construct is first and foremost about a different approach to economic integration and a different technology of how alliances are structured globally.»

The Valdai Discussion Club. 2017-07-19. BRICS Plus: New Technology, New Vision for Economic Integration

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The Times of India. 2017-05-09. China wants ‘BRICS plus’ to include ‘friendly’ countries

The Quint. 2017-08-23. BRICS-Plus? Or a BRICS-Minus Modi Summit in Xiamen?

First Post. 2017-06-20. China says proposed ‘BRICS Plus’ will enhance cooperation with other countries, will not become military alliance

China Daily. 2017-04-17. ‘BRICS Plus’ can become new integration model for world economy

China Org. 2017-03-26. The BRICS-Plus paradigm

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«China will host the ninth BRICS annual summit in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, from September 3 to 5»

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«the growing impact of the association of emerging countries on the world»

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«The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries»

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«Foreign Minister Wang Yi said China would explore the expansion modalities for “BRICS Plus” and build a wider partnership by holding dialogues with other major developing countries»

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«Currently, the BRICS group has five member countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – and potential new members such as Mexico, Pakistan and Sri Lanka»

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«This governance approach could provide a reference point for other countries with some adaptations to meet varying national conditions …. various options for governance suited to their own situation»

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«to discuss good practices of domestic governance as well as new approaches to global governance»

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Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile.

– Quanto a potere di spesa, al momento i Brics valgono come i paesi del G7;

– Già ora i Brics Plus sarebbero il blocco economico più grande del mondo;

– Prendendo atto del tasso di crescita, tra dieci anni, che passano presto, saranno il blocco economico capace di imporre le proprie regole al mondo, relegando l’Occidente a ruolo subalterno;

– Il “governance approach” dei Brics è esattamente l’opposto di quello occidentale o, più esattamente, di quello liberal e socialista ideologico, che esce storicamente battuto, in declino;

– I Brics hanno un obiettivo dichiarato, ossia quello di proporre, ed imporre de facto, il proprio “new approaches to global governance“.

* * * * * * *

Il modello di governo offerto dai cinesi tende a rispettare e valorizzare le singole identità statali, e questa è la carta vincente. Propone, non impone. Esattamente l’opposto della visione liberal. L’opposto di quanto nell’Unione Europea stanno cercando di fare Frau Merkel e Mr Macron. È immune da pruriti ideologici ed avversa la visione etica e morale dei liberal.

Distruggendo il proprio retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale l’Occidente che abbatte le statue dei suoi grandi, che è ossessionato da ogni possibile perversione sessuale assunta a traguardo di civiltà, non fa altro che spianare la strada all’innalzamento dei Brics e della Cina.

Se non fosse fantapolitica, si dovrebbe concludere che i liberal democratici ed i socialisti ideologici europei siano al soldo della Russia e della Cina.

Nota.

L’articolo citato di China Org usa il termine “socialismo” secondo l’accezione cinese del termine, non secondo quella occidentale: si evitino le confusioni.


China Org. 2017-08-23. Huang Youyi: BRICS influence beyond five countries

“With improved cooperation, improved economy and shared solutions for fighting world challenges, BRICS will further expand its influence in the next decade,” predicted a Chinese expert on Thursday during a seminar in southeastern China.

Huang Youyi, a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and executive vice president of the Translators Association of China, foresaw the growing impact of the association of emerging countries on the world stage during an interview with China.org.cn on the sidelines of the BRICS Seminar on Governance that opened Aug. 17 in Quanzhou, Fujian Province.

“The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries,” said Huang, pointing out that more countries were showing interest in the mechanism and would like to learn from each country’s successful development models.

As many as 160 people from government agencies, business circle and the academia in the BRICS nations and over 10 countries outside the bloc joined the seminar to discuss good practices of domestic governance as well as new approaches to global governance, leading to openness, inclusiveness, mutual benefits and win-win output.

Earlier this year, Foreign Minister Wang Yi said China would explore the expansion modalities for “BRICS Plus” and build a wider partnership by holding dialogues with other major developing countries and organizations, so as to turn BRICS into the world’s most influential platform for South-South cooperation.

Currently, the BRICS group has five member countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – and potential new members such as Mexico, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The seminar in Quanzhou, in Huang’s words, “fully reflects the BRICS spirit as well as China’s position of common consultation and win-win resolution”, with people from different parts of the world, including Africa, Asia and Latin America, coming together to exchange ideas and explore various options for governance suited to their own situation.

Explaining China’s approach to domestic governance, Huang said that, after many trials and tribulations and more than 100 years of experience, only in the last decades had the nation managed to find a path suitable to its own conditions, namely, the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, able to carry out reforms and meet various important goals.

This governance approach could provide a reference point for other countries with some adaptations to meet varying national conditions, he added.

Besides the domestic approach, China’s global governance style has met with strong support, with its ideas like building a community of shared future for mankind, inclusive development and common consultation gaining popularity worldwide.

This, Huang argued, was proved by the sheer number of international participants in and outside the BRICS mechanism attending the Quanzhou seminar.

“The idea of ‘BRICS Plus’ does sound attractive,” he added.

Before the organization, as expected, includes more members, he believed there would be all kinds of forums as well as annual meetings held under the BRICS mechanism involving the participation of more people outside of the five countries.

China will host the ninth BRICS annual summit in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, from September 3 to 5, as the country takes the rotating chair of the influential bloc.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Politica Mondiale, Rapporti Commerciali

Cina. Banche Cinesi e Belt and Road. Yuan come valuta internazionale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-24.

Pechino-Cina

«China’s largest state-owned commercial banks are raising billions to fund investment under Beijing’s “Belt and Road” drive»

*

«China Construction Bank Corp (CCB), the country’s second-biggest bank by assets, has been conducting roadshows to raise at least 100 billion yuan ($15 billion) from onshore and offshore investors»

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«Top lender Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd and third-ranked Agricultural Bank of China Ltd are also considering raising Belt and Road fu»

*

«Bank of China (BOC), the smallest of the country’s “big four” lenders, aims to raise around 20 billion yuan»

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«Private spending on overseas mergers and acquisitions has since slumped in countries other than those targeted by the Belt and Road initiative, where investment for 2017 hit $33 billion this month … compared with $31 billion for all of 2016»

* * * * * * *

«The fundraising follows government calls on financial institutions to develop overseas lending businesses, targeting a combined 300 billion yuan, to help connect China with old and new trading partners under an initiative modelled on the Silk Road»

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«Raising yuan, also known as renminbi, for overseas investment would also increase the currency’s use in global trade and further its internationalisation»

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«Because those Belt and Road countries have close economic and trade ties with China, after they receive our yuan funds, they can use renminbi to pay for Chinese goods, equipment and labour»

* * * * * * *

La Cina ha un Governo che può permettersi il lusso di fare piani strategici sull’arco di decenni.

L’iniziativa strategica della Belt and Road non è un piano a sé stante, per quanto potrebbe anche essere.

In realtà la Cina lo sta usando con due obiettivi:

– costituire una galassia di unità produttive sparse lungo il decorso delle nuove strade ferrate, e quindi facilmente connesse ai potenziali luoghi di consumo;

– internazionalizzare l’uso del renminbi aggirando le zone di influenza del dollaro americano, zona che si sta ogni giorno riducendo all’enclave occidentale.

*

Sia oltremodo chiaro.

A tutt’oggi questi due obiettivi non sono ancora minimamente stati raggiunti, ma prima non esisteva il Belt and Road, né il tessuto produttivo cinese delocalizzato, né tanto meno l’uso corrente del renminbi fuori dai confini della Cina.

Dieci anni passano presto, ed i cinesi sembrano essere persone idiosincrasiche allo starsene con le mani in mano.

Reuters. 2017-08-22. Exclusive: China’s ‘big four’ banks raise billions for Belt and Road deals – sources

HONG KONG (Reuters) – China’s largest state-owned commercial banks are raising billions to fund investment under Beijing’s “Belt and Road” drive, people close to the matter said, bolstering ambitions to revive Silk Road trade routes and internationalize the yuan.

China Construction Bank Corp (CCB) (601939.SS) (0939.HK), the country’s second-biggest bank by assets, has been conducting roadshows to raise at least 100 billion yuan ($15 billion) from onshore and offshore investors, the people said.

Bank of China (BOC) (601988.SS) (3988.HK), the smallest of the country’s “big four” lenders, aims to raise around 20 billion yuan, two of the people said.

The fundraising comes less than a week after the government said it would strengthen regulation to reduce risk for domestic firms investing abroad and curb “irrational” Belt and Road investment.

The government is increasingly scrutinising international investment after some big-money deals in recent years. Private spending on overseas mergers and acquisitions has since slumped in countries other than those targeted by the Belt and Road initiative, where investment for 2017 hit $33 billion this month.

That compared with $31 billion for all of 2016, Thomson Reuters data showed.

CCB and BOC are raising money via their private equity or other investment platforms, as part of a broader central bank push to invest yuan overseas, one of the people said. Funds from offshore investors would be in U.S. dollars, the people said.

Top lender Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Ltd (601398.SS) (1398.HK) and third-ranked Agricultural Bank of China Ltd (601288.SS) (1288.HK) are also considering raising Belt and Road funds, two of the people said.

The people were not authorised to speak with media on the matter and so declined to be identified.

The four lenders and the People’s Bank of China did not respond to requests for comment.

INTERNATIONAL YUAN

The fundraising follows government calls on financial institutions to develop overseas lending businesses, targeting a combined 300 billion yuan, to help connect China with old and new trading partners under an initiative modelled on the Silk Road, which stretched from Asia to Europe for almost two millennia.

Raising yuan, also known as renminbi, for overseas investment would also increase the currency’s use in global trade and further its internationalisation, thereby reducing exchange-rate risk and preserving China’s foreign reserves.

“Because those Belt and Road countries have close economic and trade ties with China, after they receive our yuan funds, they can use renminbi to pay for Chinese goods, equipment and labour,” said a banker at one of the lenders with knowledge of the fundraising.

“That is the overseas renminbi recycling mechanism we’ve envisioned and an important way to push forward the internationalization of renminbi.”

Senior China economist at ANZ, Betty Rui Wang, said yuan funds for overseas use would ease Chinese corporate concerns about normal funding channels being restricted by capital controls. However, there would still be foreign exchange risk, she said.

“Many of those Belt and Road countries are developing economies with underdeveloped financial markets,” Wang said. “Companies may need to convert yuan into local currencies after all.”

Pubblicato in: Persona Umana, Politica Mondiale

Sen John McCain ha un tumore al cervello.

useppe Sandro Mela.

2017-07-20.

2017-07-20__McCain__001

Il sen John McCain, 80 anni, rappresentante dell’Arizona in Senato, ha un glioblastoma. La diagnosi è stata fatta dai medici della Mayo Clinic di Phoenix.

Qualsiasi sia il giudizio che si voglia esprimere su di lui, è stato un fedele servitore dello stato, un patriota che ha pagato anche con anni di prigionia in Vietnam. Abbattuto il suo aereo, si salvò con il paracadute: fu linciato dalla folla e ferito ancor più gravemente. Fu tenuto per due anni in isolamento. È decorato con la Silver Star Medal, il Legion of Merit, la Bronze Star Medal, la Navy Commendation Medal ed il Purple Heart.

*

Deputato dal 1983, dal 1987 siede nel Senato degli Stati Uniti.

L’Arizona ha un governo repubblicano. Manda nove rappresentanti in parlamento, cinque repubblicani e quattro democratici. I due senatori sono repubblicani.


→ Adnk. 2017-07-20. John McCain è malato, ha un tumore al cervello

A John McCain è stato diagnosticato un tumore al cervello. Lo hanno reso noto i medici della Mayo Clinic di Phoenix dove la scorsa settimana l’80enne senatore repubblicano era stato operato per la rimozione di un coagulo di sangue nell’occhio sinistro. I test, hanno spiegato i medici americani, hanno rivelato che il coagulo era associato ad una neoplasia nota come glioblastoma.

“Il senatore e la sua famiglia stanno valutando diverse opzioni di cura con lo staff della Mayo Clinic” conclude il comunicato dell’ospedale, specificando che le cure possono prevedere una combinazione di chemioterapia e radioterapia. La notizia della gravità della malattia di McCain, uno dei più anziani e rispettati senatori, ha subito provocato un’ondata di solidarietà a Washington, a partire da Donald Trump con cui l’anziano senatore Gop ha sempre avuto rapporti molto tesi.

“Il senatore McCain è sempre stato un combattente, guarisci presto”, ha detto il presidente che, in realtà, durante la campagna elettorale, di fronte alla critiche del repubblicano che ha cercato in tutti i modi di impedire la sua nomination, aveva insinuato dei dubbi sull’eroismo di McCain, che è stato per anni prigioniero dei vietcong durante la guerra in Vietnam.

Molto più affettuoso e sentito invece l’augurio di pronta guarigione di Barack Obama, che definisce il suo avversario nelle elezioni presidenziali del 2008 “un eroe americano”. “John McCain è un eroe americano ed uno dei combattenti più coraggiosi che io abbia mai incontrato – ha scritto l’ex presidente su Twitter – il cancro non sa chi ha di fronte, mandalo al diavolo, John”.

Anche Mitch McConnell, leader della maggioranza Gop al Senato, ha lodato McCain come un “un eroe del nostro Paese”: “Non vediamo l’ora di rivedere presto questo eroe americano”, ha concluso. In effetti né i medici né lo staff del senatore hanno dato indicazioni sui tempi di un suo eventuale ritorno a Washington. L’assenza di McCain da Capitol Hill lascia i repubblicani, che hanno già una maggioranza risicata di 52 voti contro i 48 democratici, senza un voto proprio nel momento in cui stanno cercando di ottenere una votazione per l’abrogazione dell’Obamacare.

Pubblicato in: Amministrazione, Politica Mondiale

Elezioni comunali. Vince l’astensionismo (40%)

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-06-12.

2017-06-12__Comunali__001

Premettiamo immediatamente che i dati disponibili sono ancora parziali, che le elezioni comunali hanno una connotazione personale che molto spesso non coincide con l’espressione di una preferenza politica, ed infine che il clima politico generale, continentale, condiziona sicuramente anche le prese di posizione locali.

Ci si riserva un’analisi a quando saranno disponibili i risultati definitivi di queste elezioni, ossia a ballottaggi conclusi.

Per il momento però alcuni fatti sembrerebbero essere evidenti.

In primo luogo, avrebbe votato solo il 60.07% degli aventi diritto. Il partito dell’astensione è quindi quello di maggioranza relativa e potrebbe in breve diventare anche quello di maggioranza assoluta. Se è facile dire che il Cittadino è disaffezionato dalla politica, sarebbe altrettanto facile conclusione affermare che se in Italia emergesse un qualche personaggio credibile, giovane e che sapesse esprimente un programma coerente, potrebbe replicare la grande vittoria ottenuta da Mr Macron in Francia oppure, a suo tempo, da Berlusconi in Italia.

In secondo luogo, ancora una volta dobbiamo constatare come i partiti presentino spesso personaggi sfumati per non dire inconsistenti, emersi da un contesto litigioso quale quello dei Montecchi e Capuleti. Più che per vincere le elezioni, le candidature sembrerebbero essere state poste per odio interno al partito di provenienza.

I partiti dovrebbero iniziare a fare una seria pulizia interna, anche tenendo conto che a breve termine si terranno le elezioni politiche.

In terzo luogo, sempre che i dati parziali si confermino, sembrerebbe emergere come i partiti specializzati nelle critiche non corredate da proposte concrete e realizzabili non hanno audience. Sicuramente dopo crescite tumultuose è necessaria una pausa di riflessione, ma le percentuali ottenute da M5S dovrebbe dare da pensare.


Ansa. 2017-06-12. Elezioni Comunali, M5S fuori dalle grandi città. Orlando al primo turno

Comunali amare per M5S. Secondo exit poll e proiezioni, il Movimento Cinque Stelle sarebbe fuori dai ballottaggi in tutte le grandi città, a partire da Genova, patria di Beppe Grillo diventata terreno di una faida interna. Il voto in 1.004 Comuni, con oltre nove milioni di italiani, riconsegna un quadro politico soprattutto bipolare con i candidati di centrosinistra e quelli di centrodestra che si sfideranno ai ballottaggi tra due settimane. 

E’ stata del 60,07% l’affluenza alle urne rilevata alle 23: nelle precedenti omologhe la percentuale dei votanti si era attestata al 66,85%.

L’unico che ottiene un’immediata riconferma al primo turno è il sindaco di Palermo Leoluca Orlando. M5S, dopo l’exploit lo scorso anno a Roma e a Torino, sarebbe fuori dai quattro capoluoghi di Regione: a Genova, dove al secondo turno vanno il candidato di centrosinistra Gianni Crivello, e del centrodestra, Marco Bucci. A L’Aquila, governata fino ad oggi dal dem Massimo Cialente, è in vantaggio il candidato sindaco Americo Di Benedetto (centrosinistra) mentre a Catanzaro Sergio Abramo (centrodestra) se la vedrà al ballottaggio con Nicola Fiorita (Civica).

Il Pd nel capoluogo calabrese sarebbe fuori dai ballottaggi segnalando, secondo Roberto Speranza di Mdp, un dato politico: “In tre su quattro capoluoghi di Regione, dove c’è un’alleanza classica di centrosinistra – sostiene l’ex esponente Pd – il candidato del centrosinistra va avanti. Nell’unico comune, Catanzaro, in cui si è fatta scelta diversa e noi sosteniamo un candidato civico diverso da quello del Pd, il Pd secondo gli exit poll sarebbe fuori dal ballottaggio”.

Il flop M5S è reso ancora più amaro dal risultato, abbastanza scontato, di Parma, dove il sindaco uscente Federico Pizzarotti, espulso dal Movimento di Grillo, è in vantaggio con il suo ‘Effetto Parma’ e se la vedrà al secondo turno con Paolo Scarpa del centrosinistra. A Verona l’eredita di Flavio Tosi non sembra avvantaggiare la sua compagna Patrizia Bisinella che sarebbe fuori dal secondo turno dove si sfideranno Orietta Salemi (centrosinistra) e Federico Sboarina (centrodestra).

Tutta da decidere anche l’affollatissima partita a Taranto dove sono in quattro in corsa per raggiungere il ballottaggio. Anche se big e partiti si sono tenuti fuori dalla campagna per le amministrative, evitando di dare un valore nazionale, un minuto dopo la chiusura delle urne è partita l’esultanza per il risultato M5S. Secondo Matteo Renzi, che segue i risultati dalla sede nazionale del Pd, la sconfitta grillina è un dato politico “perché vorrebbe dire – spiega il responsabile Enti Locali Matteo Ricci – che a un anno dalla vittoria di Roma e Torino, messi alla prova del governo locale, c’è un giudizio negativo”.

Chi tira il fiato è il centrodestra, che guardava alle comunali come un test per un’alleanza tra Fi e Lega. “Noi abbiamo fatto – sostiene Maurizio Gasparri – l’alleanza classica ed a Genova abbiamo una condizione buona dove il sindaco uscente di centrosinistra nemmeno si è ricandidato autocertificando un fallimento. Il centrodestra ci può essere, vedremo lo scenario nazionale”. Ma per fare un’analisi più approfondita sulle alleanza a livello nazionale bisognerà aspettare l’esito dei ballottaggi: il Pd dovrà contare in quante città resterà alla guida per verificare se ha ancora senso un’alleanza classica di centrosinistra. Ma contro l’autosufficienza del Pd fa sentire la sua voce l’area che va da Pisapia a Si: “Laddove la sinistra è dentro il centrosinistra va, dove il Pd sceglie l’autosufficienza esce fuori”, è la tesi.

VAI ai risultati delle singole città:

-Genova

-Palermo

-L’Aquila

-Catanzaro

-Parma

Verona

Pubblicato in: Politica Mondiale, Problemi militari

Merkel. Una gran brutta figuraccia in Arabia Saudita.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-05-03.

2017-05-02__Merkel__Arabiaa

Ogni persona ha il suo approccio per conquistarsi i potenziali clienti ai quali poter vendere le proprie merci.

Se poi si vendono armi, non si dovrebbe andare troppo per il sottile. Le armi servono per ammazzare la gente, mica per andare in birreria a farsi il bicchiere della staffa.

Così la nostra Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel se ne andata in Arabia Saudita a cercare di vendere qualcosa. Più o meno come il Prode Anselmo.

Lo ha fatto dispiegando al meglio le tipiche arti diplomatiche tedesche.

«German Chancellor Merkel has arrived in the Saudi port city of Jeddah to hold talks with the kingdom’s authorities. Women’s rights are high on her agenda following massive criticism of Riyadh’s UN women’s body role.»

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«dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women.»

*

«has raised fears that German arms were being misused»

* * *

«We will not cause any more problems

for the German government

with new requests for weapons»

* * * * * * *

Così gli arabi non hanno voluto diventare femministi, né tanto meno diversamente ed alteramente senzienti (leggasi, checche impenitenti).

Hanno cortesemente risposto a Frau Merkel che non importuneranno ulteriormente la Germania con altre richieste di armamenti.


Deutsche Welle. 2014-05-01. Saudi Arabia ‘wants no more German weapons’: report

A Saudi official has told “Der Spiegel’ magazine that good relations with Berlin come before arms deals. This comes as Chancellor Merkel, on a visit to the kingdom, called for an end to Saudi-led airstrikes in Yemen.

*

Saudi Arabia intends to refrain in future from asking for more weapons from Germany, and to concentrate instead on economic cooperation in other sectors, according to an interview in the German news magazine “Der Spiegel” published on Sunday.

“We accept the German reticence with regard to exports to Saudi Arabia; we know the political background,” Saudi Deputy Economy Minister Mohammed al-Tuwaijri told the magazine.

“We will not cause any more problems for the German government with new requests for weapons,” he added.

Al-Tuwaijri said the reason for the change was a desire for closer cooperation with Berlin in areas other than arms, with Riyadh aiming to make Germany one of its “very most important economic partners.”

“Relations with Germany are much more important to us than arguing about weapons deals,” he said.

Controversial – but lucrative – issue

German weapons deals with Saudi Arabia have been controversial for many years, with the kingdom frequently the target of criticism for its poor human rights record.

Among other issues, the country’s involvement in the long-running war in Yemen, in which many civilians have died in airstrikes carried out by warplanes from a Saudi-led Arab coalition, has raised fears that German arms were being misused.

According to preliminary figures, in 2016 Germany exported armaments to Saudi Arabia to the tune of more than half a billion euros.

Civilian casualties

The interview was published as Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in the kingdom on Sunday for talks with Saudi King Salman and other officials. There were no representatives of armaments companies in the business delegation accompanying her, though the German government has previously said that weapons could still be delivered to Saudi Arabia on a case-by-case basis.

At the talks in the commercial hub of Jeddah, Merkel called for an end to the Saudi-led airstrikes in Yemen.

“We believe in the UN-led process of diplomatic resolution,” she said. “We do not think that there can be a military solution to this conflict.”

She said something had to be done to prevent even more people in the already impoverished country from being brought into an “extremely bad humanitarian situation,” while conceding that Saudi Arabia was not the only party that had to accept compromises.

The Saudi government has been intervening in the war in Yemen for more than two years, leading a Sunni Arab coalition that has been bombing positions of Shiite Houthi rebels, which Riyadh sees as proxy forces for its regional rival, Iran. In view of the large number of civilian casualties in the strikes, even the United States, a close ally of the kingdom, has called for the attacks to cease.

Military and police training

Despite German reservations about Saudi military actions, an agreement was signed during Merkel’s visit that provides for German Bundeswehr soldiers to help train their Saudi counterparts, a government spokesman in Berlin said.

Under the deal, Saudi soldiers are to receive training at Bundeswehr facilities, the spokesman said, giving no further details.

A declaration of intent was also signed on police training cooperation, according to information from the government. The scheme would see German federal police giving instruction to Saudi border police, among other things.


Deutsche Welle. 2014-05-01. Can Merkel press Saudi authorities on women’s rights?

German Chancellor Merkel has arrived in the Saudi port city of Jeddah to hold talks with the kingdom’s authorities. Women’s rights are high on her agenda following massive criticism of Riyadh’s UN women’s body role.

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German Chancellor Angela Merkel landed in Saudi Arabia Sunday on a one-day official visit. She will hold talks with the Saudi leaders on the fight against the so-called “Islamic State” (IS) militant group and the conflict in Yemen. Trade and business ties will also feature in the discussion between German and Saudi officials.

In her talks in Jeddah with King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayf, Merkel will raise questions about the human rights situation and the role of women in the Arab country.

The German leader’s Saudi visit comes at a time when the United Nations is facing criticism over electing Saudi Arabia to serve on the UN Commission on the Status of Women, a body “dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women.”

The Arab country’s human rights record, especially its treatment of women, is extremely poor. Rights organizations say that the state is responsible for crimes against women in the country. Women are not allowed to drive, and most aspects of their lives are controlled by “male guardians.”

The wife of Saudi blogger Raif Badawi, whose imprisonment and public lashing provoked an international outcry, has also called on Merkel to seek a pardon for her husband from Saudi authorities.

“Saudi Arabia has made marginal improvements on women’s rights in recent years, primarily in employment and access to higher education, but such changes have been hindered or even nullified because authorities have allowed the male guardianship system to remain largely intact, enabling men to maintain control over female relative’s lives,” says Adam Coogle, Human Rights Watch’s Middle East researcher.

Public opinion in Germany is unequivocally against Saudi Arabia’s treatment of women. Merkel needs to press Saudi authorities harder over women’s rights. It should be a lot more than just not wearing the headscarf on Saudi soil and paying lip service to the feminist cause.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Politica Mondiale

Cina ed Africa. Una politica di rapporti internazionali paritetici.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-04-26.

animali-bocca-aperta-civetta-001

Gli Occidentali sono riusciti negli otto anni di presidenza Obama a diventare odiosi agli occhi degli africani, che si sono sempre più rivolti ai cinesi.

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Cina. Consolida il suo impero in Africa.

Prosegue e si allarga la rivolta all’impèrio mondiale. Gambia.

Kenyatta: Gay rights is a non-issue for Kenya

Rifugiati. Uganda un milione in un anno, e tutti zitti.

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Ricordate la visita di Mr Obama in Kenya?

«Kenyan president describes gay rights as a non-issue after Obama calls for equality for gays and lesbians in Africa»

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«South Africa is the only country on the continent to have legalised gay marriage. Most African countries have made it illegal to be gay or lesbian»

* * * * * * *

L’Editorialista del Deutsche Welle ha sintetizzato al meglio il fallimento occidentale in Africa con queste parole:

«China’s popularity in Africa is strong. Its policy of not linking aid and investments to human rights and good governance has made Beijing many friends on the continent, beyond its authoritarian governments»

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La dizione “human rights” si estingue per gli Occidentali nel riconoscere giusto ciò essi reputano sia tale, ovvero l’accettazione come normale del comportamento contro-natura e tutto un bagaglio ideologico condiviso solo da loro. Davvero misera concezione, ma soprattutto, ripetiamo, non condivisa da nessuno.

La Cina non ha avuto altro da fare che andare ad occupare lo spazio lasciato vuoto dagli Occidentali.

Tra l’altro, non è impelagata nel fomentare guerre civili.

«African countries require Chinese expertise, technology and financial resources to accelerate the next phase of socio-economic transformation»

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«I regard Chinese engagement with Africa as really transformational both in trade, investments and infrastructure development»

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«trade, investments and infrastructure development»

Queste sono le key words del successo cinese, totalmente alieno da motivazioni ideologiche e soprattutto rispettoso dell’altrui sovranità e tradizione.


China Org. 2017-04-18. China remains Africa’s indispensable ally in development

African countries require Chinese expertise, technology and financial resources to accelerate the next phase of socio-economic transformation, a researcher has said.

Executive Director of Africa Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Professor Lemma Senbet, told Xinhua in a recent interview that China’s robust engagement with the world’s second largest continent has been a game changer in many spheres.

“I regard Chinese engagement with Africa as really transformational both in trade, investments and infrastructure development, there has been positive impact on Africa’s growth trajectory,” Senbet said.

The Ethiopian born scholar was optimistic that the current geopolitical shockwaves linked to economic nationalism and isolationism in the west will not affect Sino-Africa bilateral cooperation.

He said China has eclipsed traditional African allies in the West to become the leading source of foreign direct investments in the continent.

At the same time, the Asian giant has become the leading trading partner with Africa, a feat credited for the continent’s stellar economic growth in the last two decades.

Senbet refuted claims that China was only interested with Africa’s natural resources and emphasized that Sino-Africa partnership has been framed around mutual respect and pursuit of common aspirations.

“Basically some people think of natural resources when it comes to China’s engagement with Africa yet the country is strong in trade, retail and financial services sector in Africa,” said Senbet.

He said African countries should court China as they embark on economic diversification, regional integration and strengthening of political institutions.

Senbet hailed China’s investment in modern infrastructure projects across Africa saying the move will hasten the continent’s economic development through robust trade and investments.

“China’s investments in this continent’s infrastructure have been huge. For instance, the Nairobi-Mombasa railway has impacted positively on regional integration,” Senbet said.

He added that African countries will benefit immensely from creation of Belt and Road Initiative envisioned by Chinese leaders to revive ancient trading routes.

The initiative is “playing the role of enhancing economic integration of African countries,” Senbet said while hailing China’s investment in Africa’s modern industrial parks.

African countries require Chinese soft loans and grants to support infrastructure development and modernization of social sectors like education and health.

Senbet noted that investments in Africa’s knowledge-based economy as opposed to financial aid would sustain the continent’s renaissance for the long haul.

He emphasized that China should help African countries strengthen their capacity to harness local expertise and resources in order to propel growth.

The scholar singled out technology transfer as an area that would unleash optimum benefits to both China and Africa.

African countries should forge strong partnership with China in areas that advance democracy, good governance and the rule of law.

Senbet reiterated that African countries can borrow lessons from China to strengthen their political institutions and shield them from internal and external shocks.


Deutsche Welle. 2015-07-25. Africans approve of China, says Afrobarometer

China’s popularity in Africa is strong. Its policy of not linking aid and investments to human rights and good governance has made Beijing many friends on the continent, beyond its authoritarian governments.

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“We didn’t really ask that question,” said Anyway Chingwete, co-author of a survey recently published by Afrobarometer. She was referring to the difference between East and West in their approach to trade and development aid relations with Africa. But the senior project leader for the African organization that measures public attitudes on economic, political and social issues in sub-Saharan Africa believes that China’s approach, its policy of not making aid and investments conditional on performance on human rights and good governance, has won China a lot of sympathy across the continent. “It has had a positive impact in terms of the growth of trade relationships between China and African countries.” Chingwete told DW.

Zimbabwe is a case in point; the perceived meddling by western powers drove the regime of long-term President Robert Mugabe to look to the east for much needed investments. Now Zimbabweans not only feel that China has the greatest external influence in their country by far, but many of them also approve this: 48 percent say this influence is positive as opposed to 31 percent who perceive it as negative.

Problem awareness

Contrary to countries like Mali, where China meets with a 92 percent approval rate, Zimbabweans are divided over whether China or the US offer the best model for development: 25 percent still feel the Americans have better solutions, but a significant 20 percent prefer the Chinese way.

This is not to say that Africans overlook problematic aspects in Sino-African relations. Zambians have not forgotten that a couple of years ago their miners had to fight to get minimum wages from Chinese investors. The protests resulted in riots which turned deadly. Still ,72 percent of Zambians today say that China’s economic and political influence is positive. Analyst Chingwete says: “I think people possibly weigh the positive and the negative. I know there were issues. But I think they also look at the positive aspect.”

China’s investments are especially welcome

According to the survey, there are a number of factors which are liable to tarnish China’s good reputation among Africans: “Citizens highlighted issues having to do with the quality of Chinese products,” Chingwete said. More than one third of Africans (35 percent) feel the products they buy from China are not up to standard. Other negative perceptions are China’s extraction of resources from the continent, land grabbing and taking away jobs and trade from Africans. On the positive side are Chinese investments in infrastructure and other projects, business partnerships and the low cost of imported products. 

Currently, former European colonial powers are still seen as the countries having the strongest political and economic influence on the continent (28 percent). But the gap with China (23 percent) is narrowing. The US comes a close third with 22 percent. But with 30 percent they are still ahead of China (24 percent) when it comes to being a role model.

Will China soon replace America in that position? Expert Chingwete doesn’t think so. The US is increasing its presence in Africa, and Africans are well aware of the benefits of trade relations with the US: “For instance we can look at the African Growth and Opportunity Act, AGOA. This has really helped most African countries to be able to trade effectively with the States.”  But, she adds, “China is really coming on board and moving very fast.”