Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Nato. Gli alleati europei si sono staccati da Biden e sono discordi tra loro. – Bloomberg.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-31.

Buco nell'acqua. Lago Berryessa. California. 001

Il summit Nato di Varsavia si è risolto in un nulla di fatto. Un buco nella acqua.

Gli alleati europei si sono nettamente dissociati da Biden e per di più hanno evidenziato una congerie di posizioni politiche ed economiche opposte e conflittuali.

Bloomberg riporta il suo punto di vista sulla situazione in un lungo editoriale, del quale riportiamo in calce una traduzione in italiano per quanti non siano familiari con l’inglese.

* * * * * * *

«As North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (Nato) allies discuss the terms of any potential peace deal to be struck between Russia and Ukraine, signs of strategic splits are emerging from within their ranks»

«There are also divergences over what further weapons to send Ukraine, and on the question of whether talking to President Vladimir Putin is helpful or not»

«Some of those differences spilled into the open over the weekend after United States President Joe Biden said that Putin couldn’t remain in power and then backtracked as his comments drew criticism»

«”We shouldn’t escalate, with words or actions,” President Emmanuel Macron told French television when asked about Mr Biden’s remarks»

«At a Nato leaders’ summit last week, Mr Scholz cautioned against any rushed moves»

«Other Nato members believe the dialog that Paris and Berlin are pursuing with the Kremlin is counterproductive and could play into Mr Putin’s hands»

«Mr Macron has said he is talking to Mr Putin because Mr Zelensky asked him to, as well as to try to secure humanitarian corridors»

«European governments are split along similar lines over whether they should expand the scope of sanctions to Russia’s energy sector»

«Another area of disagreement among allies is how heavily they should arm Ukraine as they weigh concerns that a cornered Mr Putin could revert to using weapons of mass destruction»

«Although they have provided Ukraine with military support, some western European governments noted there are limits to the types of weapons that can be provided due to fears that events could escalate out of control»

«A French official said that sending tanks – which Mr Macron has publicly ruled out – and jets would pour oil on the fire and play into the hands of hard-liners in Moscow»

«Mr Macron understands that sending weapons to Ukraine would only create more targets for the Russian army»

* * * * * * *


NATO Allies Are Split on Whether They Should Talk to Putin.

Europe (Bloomberg) – As North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (Nato) allies discuss the terms of any potential peace deal to be struck between Russia and Ukraine, signs of strategic splits are emerging from within their ranks.

With the war now in its second month, a series of dilemmas are coming into sharp focus over which conditions could be deemed acceptable by Ukraine for any accord, especially as regards the security guarantees alliance members might be able to offer Kyiv.

There are also divergences over what further weapons to send Ukraine, and on the question of whether talking to President Vladimir Putin is helpful or not, according to people familiar with discussions that have taken place in the past week between leaders on both sides of the Atlantic and documents seen by Bloomberg.

Some of those differences spilled into the open over the weekend after United States President Joe Biden said that Putin couldn’t remain in power and then backtracked as his comments drew criticism.

“We shouldn’t escalate, with words or actions,” President Emmanuel Macron told French television when asked about Mr Biden’s remarks.

To avoid a military confrontation, the aim is to achieve a cease-fire now and then the withdrawal of Russian troops via diplomatic means, Mr Macron said.

Berlin is on a similar wavelength.

Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s chief spokesman, Mr Steffen Hebestreit, told reporters on Monday that “in view of the horrible pictures that we currently have to stomach now for several days and actually weeks, the highest priority for now is to be able to reach a cease-fire so that the killing can stop.”

Mr Scholz discussed the negotiation process on Monday (March 28) with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky.

At a Nato leaders’ summit last week, Mr Scholz cautioned against any rushed moves, such as abandoning the Nato-Russia Founding Act.

Nixing that agreement would permanently shut the door on Moscow and remove binding commitments on troop deployments for both sides, according to two officials with knowledge of the discussions.

While Russia has burned all bridges of cooperation for the foreseeable future, Germany’s government sees the possibility that the Founding Act and its guidelines could still be needed some day, one of the people said.

Ditching it would be a symbolic gesture that wouldn’t help stop the war, another said. At the end of the day, allies will have to find a way to deal with Mr Putin whether they like it or not, the second official added.

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi is expected to talk to Mr Putin this week, and will call for a cease-fire and humanitarian corridors.

Other Nato members believe the dialog that Paris and Berlin are pursuing with the Kremlin is counterproductive and could play into Mr Putin’s hands, according to one of the documents.

Britain, Poland and other central and eastern European nations – with the exception of Hungary – are sceptical that Russia’s president is serious about negotiating an acceptable peace deal, according to the same document.

At the Nato summit, Polish President Andrzej Duda asked the other leaders if they really believed that negotiations on the terms put forward by Mr Putin could succeed and were acceptable, according to people familiar with his remarks.

Whoever supports those conditions would be backing Russia, one of the people said, of the point Mr Duda was communicating in his intervention.

Those who would push Ukraine to agree to a peace deal without the full withdrawal of Russian troops “serve Putin,” said a diplomat from one eastern European nation.

And those who are reaching out to Mr Putin frequently “do so only for the purpose of their campaigns” domestically.

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was similarly sceptical of Mr Putin’s intentions, another person said.

Ahead of the meeting, Mr Johnson told reporters that Mr Putin had already crossed a red line with his actions in Ukraine.

“It is right to make the most of any possible negotiated settlement, but clearly we need to be alive to the fact that he has not lived up to his promises,” Mr Max Blain, the prime minister’s spokesman, said on Monday.

“Throughout we have seen Putin say one thing and do another and so that is the imperative, that we judge him and his regime on how they act.”

Despite the setbacks on the ground, Britain doesn’t believe Mr Putin’s strategic aims have changed, according to a senior British official.

Two other senior diplomats from the group of nations dubious of dialog with Mr Putin told Bloomberg they were worried that Mr Macron could push Mr Zelensky into agreeing to neutrality on Russia’s terms in exchange for a cease-fire.

They noted, however, that Mr Macron had been clear in refuting Moscow’s demands about Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.

Mr Zelensky has said he is open to adopting a neutral status as part of a peace agreement with Russia but that such a pact would have to come with security guarantees and be put to a referendum.

One of the diplomats said that leaving open questions about Ukraine’s territory to future diplomatic talks risked repeating past errors, and would complicate the scope of any security guarantees.

One senior western European official questioned whether guarantees would apply to Ukraine’s internationally recognised borders or to those that emerge after the war, another document seen by Bloomberg shows.

Mr Macron has said he is talking to Mr Putin because Mr Zelensky asked him to, as well as to try to secure humanitarian corridors.

A diplomat said that Mr Macron could also convey information to the Russian president about how badly the war was going for his troops, as those around him were likely cocooning him from the truth.

An Elysee official said France doesn’t do anything without consulting Mr Zelensky. France is asking for the total withdrawal of Russian forces, the official added, noting that Mr Macron says so publicly.

Ukraine’s president has repeatedly said he will not compromise on the country’s territorial integrity.

European governments are split along similar lines over whether they should expand the scope of sanctions to Russia’s energy sector.

Another area of disagreement among allies is how heavily they should arm Ukraine as they weigh concerns that a cornered Mr Putin could revert to using weapons of mass destruction.

Allies are also adamant that as they take these decisions they will not contemplate any direct Nato military involvement in the war.

Leaders from Britain the Baltic states and most eastern European countries have called on allies to send more weapons to Kyiv, including anti-aircraft capabilities, to allow Ukraine’s forces to keep pushing back against Russian assaults and bombs, people familiar with the Nato discussion said.

A senior official told his counterparts that Mr Putin didn’t need an excuse if he wanted to act, he would just invent one, according to one of the documents

Although they have provided Ukraine with military support, some western European governments noted there are limits to the types of weapons that can be provided due to fears that events could escalate out of control, the document shows.

A French official said that sending tanks – which Mr Macron has publicly ruled out – and jets would pour oil on the fire and play into the hands of hard-liners in Moscow.

Meanwhile, a person familiar with the thinking in Moscow praised Mr Macron by saying his stance has been positive and useful to avoid further escalation.

Mr Macron understands that sending weapons to Ukraine would only create more targets for the Russian army and make a cease-fire more difficult, the person said.

Asked about Mr Macron declaring weapons like tanks a red line, Mr Zelensky told the Economist magazine that France was afraid of Russia and that Mr Boris Johnson was a leader “who is helping more”.

* * * * * * *


Gli alleati della NATO sono divisi sul fatto che dovrebbero parlare con Putin.

Europa (Bloomberg) – Mentre gli alleati dell’Organizzazione del Trattato Nord Atlantico (Nato) discutono i termini di qualsiasi potenziale accordo di pace tra Russia e Ucraina, i segni di spaccature strategiche stanno emergendo dall’interno dei loro ranghi.

Con la guerra ormai al suo secondo mese, una serie di dilemmi si stanno mettendo a fuoco su quali condizioni potrebbero essere considerate accettabili dall’Ucraina per qualsiasi accordo, specialmente per quanto riguarda le garanzie di sicurezza che i membri dell’alleanza potrebbero essere in grado di offrire a Kiev.

Ci sono anche divergenze su quali ulteriori armi inviare all’Ucraina, e sulla questione se parlare con il presidente Vladimir Putin sia utile o meno, secondo persone che hanno familiarità con le discussioni che hanno avuto luogo nell’ultima settimana tra i leader di entrambi i lati dell’Atlantico e documenti visti da Bloomberg.

Alcune di queste differenze sono uscite allo scoperto durante il fine settimana dopo che il presidente degli Stati Uniti Joe Biden ha detto che Putin non può rimanere al potere e poi ha fatto marcia indietro quando i suoi commenti hanno attirato le critiche.

“Non dovremmo escalation, con parole o azioni”, ha detto il presidente Emmanuel Macron alla televisione francese quando gli è stato chiesto delle osservazioni del signor Biden.

Per evitare un confronto militare, l’obiettivo è quello di raggiungere un cessate il fuoco ora e poi il ritiro delle truppe russe attraverso mezzi diplomatici, il signor Macron ha detto.

Berlino è su una lunghezza d’onda simile.

Il portavoce capo del cancelliere Olaf Scholz, Steffen Hebestreit, ha detto ai giornalisti lunedì che “alla luce delle immagini orribili che dobbiamo digerire per diversi giorni e settimane, la massima priorità per ora è quella di poter raggiungere un cessate il fuoco in modo che le uccisioni possano fermarsi”.

Scholz ha discusso il processo di negoziazione lunedì (28 marzo) con il presidente ucraino Volodymyr Zelensky.

In un vertice dei leader della NATO la scorsa settimana, Scholz ha messo in guardia contro qualsiasi mossa affrettata, come l’abbandono dell’Atto di fondazione Nato-Russia.

La cancellazione di quell’accordo chiuderebbe permanentemente la porta a Mosca e rimuoverebbe gli impegni vincolanti sul dispiegamento di truppe per entrambe le parti, secondo due funzionari a conoscenza delle discussioni.

Mentre la Russia ha bruciato tutti i ponti di cooperazione per il prossimo futuro, il governo della Germania vede la possibilità che l’Atto fondatore e le sue linee guida potrebbero essere ancora necessari un giorno, ha detto una delle persone.

Abbandonarlo sarebbe un gesto simbolico che non aiuterebbe a fermare la guerra, ha detto un altro. Alla fine della giornata, gli alleati dovranno trovare un modo per trattare con Putin, che gli piaccia o no, ha aggiunto il secondo funzionario.

Il primo ministro italiano Mario Draghi dovrebbe parlare con Putin questa settimana, e chiederà un cessate il fuoco e corridoi umanitari.

Altri membri della NATO credono che il dialogo che Parigi e Berlino stanno perseguendo con il Cremlino è controproducente e potrebbe giocare nelle mani del signor Putin, secondo uno dei documenti.

La Gran Bretagna, la Polonia e altre nazioni dell’Europa centrale e orientale – ad eccezione dell’Ungheria – sono scettici sul fatto che il presidente russo sia serio nel negoziare un accordo di pace accettabile, secondo lo stesso documento.

Al vertice della NATO, il presidente polacco Andrzej Duda ha chiesto agli altri leader se davvero credono che i negoziati sulle condizioni proposte da Putin possano avere successo e siano accettabili, secondo persone che hanno familiarità con le sue osservazioni.

Chiunque sostenga queste condizioni starebbe sostenendo la Russia, ha detto una delle persone, del punto che il signor Duda stava comunicando nel suo intervento.

Coloro che spingerebbero l’Ucraina ad accettare un accordo di pace senza il pieno ritiro delle truppe russe “servono Putin”, ha detto un diplomatico di una nazione dell’Europa orientale.

E coloro che stanno raggiungendo il signor Putin spesso “lo fanno solo per lo scopo delle loro campagne” interne.

Il primo ministro britannico Boris Johnson era similmente scettico sulle intenzioni del signor Putin, ha detto un’altra persona.

Prima dell’incontro, il signor Johnson ha detto ai giornalisti che il signor Putin ha già attraversato una linea rossa con le sue azioni in Ucraina.

“È giusto trarre il massimo da ogni possibile accordo negoziato, ma chiaramente dobbiamo essere consapevoli del fatto che non ha mantenuto le sue promesse”, ha detto lunedì Max Blain, portavoce del primo ministro.

“Abbiamo visto Putin dire una cosa e farne un’altra, e questo è l’imperativo: giudicare lui e il suo regime per come agiscono”.

Nonostante le battute d’arresto sul terreno, la Gran Bretagna non crede che gli obiettivi strategici del signor Putin siano cambiati, secondo un alto funzionario britannico.

Altri due alti diplomatici del gruppo di nazioni che dubitano del dialogo con Putin hanno detto a Bloomberg che erano preoccupati che Macron potesse spingere il signor Zelensky ad accettare la neutralità alle condizioni della Russia in cambio di un cessate il fuoco.

Hanno notato, tuttavia, che il signor Macron è stato chiaro nel confutare le richieste di Mosca sull’integrità territoriale e la sovranità dell’Ucraina.

Zelensky ha detto di essere aperto all’adozione di uno status neutrale come parte di un accordo di pace con la Russia, ma che un tale patto dovrebbe essere accompagnato da garanzie di sicurezza ed essere sottoposto a un referendum.

Uno dei diplomatici ha detto che lasciare le questioni aperte sul territorio dell’Ucraina ai futuri colloqui diplomatici rischiava di ripetere gli errori del passato, e avrebbe complicato la portata di qualsiasi garanzia di sicurezza.

Un alto funzionario dell’Europa occidentale ha messo in dubbio se le garanzie si applicherebbero ai confini internazionalmente riconosciuti dell’Ucraina o a quelli che emergono dopo la guerra, come mostra un altro documento visto da Bloomberg.

Il signor Macron ha detto che sta parlando con il signor Putin perché il signor Zelensky glielo ha chiesto, così come per cercare di garantire corridoi umanitari.

Un diplomatico ha detto che il signor Macron potrebbe anche trasmettere informazioni al presidente russo su quanto male la guerra stava andando per le sue truppe, come quelli intorno a lui erano probabilmente bozzolo lui dalla verità.

Un funzionario dell’Eliseo ha detto che la Francia non fa nulla senza consultare il signor Zelensky. La Francia chiede il ritiro totale delle forze russe, ha aggiunto il funzionario, notando che il signor Macron lo dice pubblicamente.

Il presidente dell’Ucraina ha ripetutamente detto che non scenderà a compromessi sull’integrità territoriale del paese.

I governi europei sono divisi lungo linee simili sul fatto che dovrebbero espandere la portata delle sanzioni al settore energetico della Russia.

Un’altra area di disaccordo tra gli alleati è quanto pesantemente dovrebbero armare l’Ucraina, dato che pesano le preoccupazioni che un Putin messo all’angolo potrebbe tornare a usare armi di distruzione di massa.

Gli alleati sono anche irremovibili sul fatto che quando prenderanno queste decisioni non contempleranno alcun coinvolgimento militare diretto della NATO nella guerra.

I leader della Gran Bretagna, degli stati baltici e della maggior parte dei paesi dell’Europa orientale hanno chiesto agli alleati di inviare più armi a Kiev, comprese le capacità antiaeree, per permettere alle forze ucraine di continuare a respingere gli assalti e le bombe russe, hanno detto persone che hanno familiarità con la discussione della Nato.

Un alto funzionario ha detto alle sue controparti che il sig. Putin non ha avuto bisogno di una scusa se ha voluto agire, appena avrebbe inventato uno, secondo uno dei documenti.

Anche se hanno fornito supporto militare all’Ucraina, alcuni governi dell’Europa occidentale hanno notato che ci sono limiti ai tipi di armi che possono essere forniti a causa dei timori che gli eventi potrebbero escalation fuori controllo, il documento mostra.

Un funzionario francese ha detto che l’invio di carri armati – che il signor Macron ha pubblicamente escluso – e di jet avrebbe versato olio sul fuoco e giocato nelle mani degli estremisti di Mosca.

Nel frattempo, una persona familiare con il pensiero a Mosca ha elogiato il signor Macron dicendo che la sua posizione è stata positiva e utile per evitare un’ulteriore escalation.

Il signor Macron capisce che l’invio di armi in Ucraina creerebbe solo più obiettivi per l’esercito russo e renderebbe più difficile un cessate il fuoco, ha detto la persona.

Interrogato sul fatto che il signor Macron abbia dichiarato le armi come i carri armati una linea rossa, il signor Zelensky ha detto alla rivista Economist che la Francia ha paura della Russia e che il signor Boris Johnson è un leader “che aiuta di più”.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia

Lituania. Inverte la rotta. Sempre detto che con le cattive si ottiene tutto.


Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-31.

Lituania__001

Lituania. Blocca il transito del potassio della Bielorussia verso il suo porto di Klaipeda.

Lituania. Le multinazionali tedesche premono a favore della Cina. Smacco della EU.

Lituania. Blinken e Simonyte e le sanzione imposte dalla Cina. Lituania sulla brace.

Lituania. Cina bandisce le società che hanno rapporti con la Lituania. Vilnius ed EU sulla brace.

Russia espelle sette diplomatici della Slovakia, Lituania, Lettonia ed Estonia.

Unione Europea e Visegrad. Scontro (quasi) finale. La Lituania.

Lituania. Altra débâcle socialista. Socialdemocratici crollano al 15.5%.

* * * * * * *

«Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda on Tuesday acknowledged as a mistake the country’s decision to allow the opening of a “representative office” in Vilnius under the name of “Taiwanese” instead of “Taipei.”»

«With such a confession, Lithuania is now admitting to its brazen mistake in violating the one-China principle»

«Over the past months, in disregard of Beijing’s repeated and resolute oppositions, Lithuania has been bent on taking the wrong path»

«Yet Vilnius attempted to whitewash its wrong-headed decision and mislead the international community by saying that setting up such an office “does not mean any conflict or disagreement with the ‘One China’ policy.”»

«the one-China principle …. is the political foundation for China to develop bilateral relations with other countries, including Lithuania»

«And that is why Beijing’s responses, such as downgrading its diplomatic ties with Vilnius, are totally legitimate»

«China’s determination to defend its core sovereign interests is beyond question, and any attempt to disregard or violate the one-China principle will pay a heavy price»

* * * * * * *

Facendo parte del blocco europeo e della Nato, la Lituania per molto tempo è stata ossequiosa esecutrice dei suggerimenti di Washington.

A gennaio si è slargata ben oltre le sue concrete possibilità.

Ha aperto in Vilnius un ufficio di rappresentanza di Formosa denominato “taiwanese”.

La Cina è montata su tutte le furie perché per lei Formosa è parte integrante del territorio cinese.

Dapprima la Cina ha fatto aspre rimostranze ad una Lituania che faceva ostentatamente orecchie da mercante.

Quindi ha ridotto la sua rappresentanza diplomatica e messo l’embargo a tutti i beni sia della Lituania sia di tutte quelle ditte straniere che avessero legami di qualsiasi tipo con essa.

Adesso la Lituania ha completamente rinnegato il suo operato.

Sempre detto che con le cattive si ottiene tutto.

* * * * * * *


Xinhua Commentary: Why was Lithuania wrong?

Beijing,  Xinhua — Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda on Tuesday acknowledged as a mistake the country’s decision to allow the opening of a “representative office” in Vilnius under the name of “Taiwanese” instead of “Taipei.”

With such a confession, Lithuania is now admitting to its brazen mistake in violating the one-China principle, which it has promised to follow when the two sides forged their diplomatic relationship over 30 years ago in 1991.

Over the past months, in disregard of Beijing’s repeated and resolute oppositions, Lithuania has been bent on taking the wrong path. Under the one-China principle, any exchanges with China’s Taiwan should be civil and non-official.

Yet Vilnius attempted to whitewash its wrong-headed decision and mislead the international community by saying that setting up such an office “does not mean any conflict or disagreement with the ‘One China’ policy.”

For the record, the one-China principle is one of the universally recognized norms governing international relations as well as the consensus of the international community, and is the political foundation for China to develop bilateral relations with other countries, including Lithuania.

According to the joint communique the two countries signed in 1991 on the establishment of bilateral diplomatic ties, Lithuania recognizes “the government of the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and Taiwan as an inalienable part of the Chinese territory.”

By allowing the establishment of a “representative office” under the name of “Taiwanese,” Vilnius has apparently reneged on its promise. And that is why Beijing’s responses, such as downgrading its diplomatic ties with Vilnius, are totally legitimate. It is sending a clear-cut signal: China’s determination to defend its core sovereign interests is beyond question, and any attempt to disregard or violate the one-China principle will pay a heavy price.

And for those still conspiring to play the Taiwan card, to unhesitatingly toss out the fantasy that somehow their political manipulation over the Taiwan question will do the trick can spare themselves from severe consequences. Lithuania is living proof. ■

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Russia

Russia. Ancora il rublo all’oro. 5,000 rubli al grammo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-30.

Putin Vladimir 012

Altra mossa a sorpresa di Mr Putin.

Ancora il rublo all’oro: 5,000 rubli al grammo.

* * * * * * *

Giorni or sono aveva annunciato che i pagamenti del gas erano accettati solo se eseguiti in rubli.

I paesi del blocco europeo erano insorti come galline alle quali avessero strappato gli impatti di coda.

Due pesi e due misure.

«”U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in any transaction — including gold-related transactions — involving the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, the National Wealth Fund of the Russian Federation or the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation,” the Treasury said on its website»

Questa sanzione ha effetto immediato, tenendo come carta straccia tutti i contratti al momento in essere.

Contratti invece ritenuti essere sacri se la Russia richiede il pagamento del gas in rubli.

Ci si ricordi come il mondo civile, Arabia Saudita, Emirati Arabi Uniti, Turkia, India e Cina, solo per citarne alcuni, si siano dissociati dalle sanzioni imposte da Joe Biden. Questi paesi rendono conto di oltre quattro miliardi di persone e di un pil ppp ben superiore a quello della enclave liberal occidentale.

* * * * * * *

«Starting this week, the Russian central bank will pay a fixed price of 5,000 roubles ($52) per gram between March 28 and June 30, the bank said on Friday»

«This is below the current market value of around $68»

«The central bank added that the resumption in buying will ensure supply and uninterrupted production of local gold»

«Sberbank, Russia’s largest financial institution, reported that demand for gold and palladium has quadrupled in the last few weeks»

«That’s pretty important when it comes to how Russia could seek funding and manage its central bank financing outside of the U.S. dollar system»

«Last week, the U.S. Treasury banned all gold transactions with Russia’s central bank»

«”U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in any transaction — including gold-related transactions — involving the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, the National Wealth Fund of the Russian Federation or the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation,” the Treasury said on its website»

«If they want to buy, let them pay either in hard currency, and this is gold for us, or pay as it is convenient for us; this is the national currency»

«We have been proposing to China for a long time to switch to settlements in national currencies for rubles and yuan … With Turkey, it will be lira and rubles»

«The Central Bank of Russia has officially announced that, as of March 28, 2022, the Russian Ruble currency is bound to Gold.  The rate is 5,000 Rubles per gram of gold bullion»

«The conversion rate of Rubles to U.S. Dollars is 100 Rubles, 90 Kopecs, to each US Dollar»

«one ounce of gold would cost 140,000 Rubles, then converting that to US Dollars means Gold is $1400 per ounce when using Rubles, instead of $1,928 per ounce using Dollars»

«Last week, Russia declared they would only sell oil and gas in . . . Rubles»

«Europe (that needs Russian Gas and Oil) will now have to buy Rubles from Putin using Gold, or pay for the Oil and Gas with Gold itself»

* * * * * * *


Russia sets fixed gold price as it restarts official bullion purchases

(Kitco News) Russia’s central bank resumed its gold purchases from local banks on Monday, but it set a fixed price on the precious metal.

Starting this week, the Russian central bank will pay a fixed price of 5,000 roubles ($52) per gram between March 28 and June 30, the bank said on Friday. This is below the current market value of around $68.

The central bank added that the resumption in buying will ensure supply and uninterrupted production of local gold.

Two weeks ago, Russia’s central bank announced that it was halting its official gold purchases from local banks due to a surge in demand from regular consumers

This is because Russians went on a gold buying spree in March to protect their savings as the ruble collapsed. Major banks in Russia reported a rush of consumers investing in bullion and coins.

Sberbank, Russia’s largest financial institution, reported that demand for gold and palladium has quadrupled in the last few weeks. Meanwhile, Russia’s Ministry of Finance also referred to gold as an “ideal alternative” to the U.S. dollar.

Setting a fixed price for gold reminds some analysts of what the U.S. did during the “gold standard” years. The period between 1879 and 1914 is known as the classical gold standard era, during which one ounce of gold would represent $21. Then in the 1930s, the U.S. banned gold ownership and raised the value of the dollar in gold from $20.67 to $35 per ounce.

That price remained fixed until 1971 when Richard Nixon put a halt on the U.S. dollar’s convertibility into gold, which meant that other countries could no longer redeem dollars for gold. In 1973 the gold standard was scrapped.

“I am reminded of what the U.S. did in the middle of the Great Depression. For the next 40 years, gold’s price was pegged to the U.S. dollar at $35. There is a precedent for this. It leads me to believe that Russia’s intention would be for the value of the ruble to be linked directly to the value of gold,” Gainesville Coins precious metals expert Everett Millman told Kitco News. “Setting a fixed price for rubles per gram of gold seems to be the intention. That’s pretty important when it comes to how Russia could seek funding and manage its central bank financing outside of the U.S. dollar system.”

Gold is one of the most logical international currencies to use when you are trying to get around sanctions, Millman added.

                         Sanctions against Russian gold

Last week, the U.S. Treasury banned all gold transactions with Russia’s central bank.

“U.S. persons are prohibited from engaging in any transaction — including gold-related transactions — involving the Central Bank of the Russian Federation, the National Wealth Fund of the Russian Federation or the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation,” the Treasury said on its website.

These types of sanctions could be effective to an extent, said Millman. “It can have a significant impact if for no other reason than to force other partners to shy away from doing transactions with Russia in gold. At the same time, knowing that the global gold market can be rather opaque, it would be much more difficult to enforce that type of restriction or regulation,” he explained.

In response to escalating sanctions from the West for Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Moscow said that “unfriendly” countries could be required to pay for Russian gas in rubles or gold, according to the chair of Russia’s Duma Committee on energy.

“If they want to buy, let them pay either in hard currency, and this is gold for us, or pay as it is convenient for us; this is the national currency,” Pavel Zavalny said at a news conference on Thursday.

Russia is also considering accepting Bitcoin for its oil and gas exports and being more flexible in general regarding payment options with “friendly” countries.

“We have been proposing to China for a long time to switch to settlements in national currencies for rubles and yuan … With Turkey, it will be lira and rubles,” Zavalny said. “You can also trade bitcoins.”

* * * * * * *


It’s Official! Russia Central bank Announces Ruble Bound to Gold! 5000 Rubles per Gram

The Central Bank of Russia has officially announced that, as of March 28, 2022, the Russian Ruble currency is BOUND to Gold.  The rate is 5,000 Rubles per gram of gold bullion.

There are 28 grams in each ounce.  28 grams times 5,000 rubles per Gram is 140,000 Rubles.   Ya with me so far?

The conversion rate of Rubles to U.S. Dollars is 100 Rubles, 90 Kopecs, to each US Dollar.

If Rubles are bound to Gold at 5000 Rubles per gram, and there are 28 grams per ounce, meaning one ounce of gold would cost 140,000 Rubles, then converting that to US Dollars means Gold is $1400 per ounce when using Rubles, instead of $1,928 per ounce using Dollars.

Russia just wiped out about thirty percent (30%) of the value of the US Dollar, worldwide, when it comes to Gold Bullion.

People around the world will be literally THROWING their money at the Ruble and DUMPING Dollars and EUROS to do it.

What Russia just did is the financial equivalent of detonating a nuclear bomb.

FWIW, the last guy on this planet who tried to back a currency with Gold, was Muammar Quadaffi of Libya. 

NATO went into Libya, bombed the shit out of it, until the people of Libya grabbed Quadaffi on the street, beat him bloody, and put a bullet in his head.

As of this hour, 10:39 PM EDT, I suspect Bankers all over the world are on the phones with each other and with heads of state, instructing them that what Russia has done will totally smash both the US Dollar and the EURO, and those Bankers will be telling the heads of State that World War 3 must commence immediately.

Let me explain why.

Today, the Russian Central Bank pegged Rubles to Gold.  

Last week, Russia declared they would only sell OIL and GAS in . . . Rubles.

This means Russian OIL and GAS are pegged to Gold with Rubles as the proxy for Gold.

EFFECT: Europe (that needs Russian Gas and Oil) will now have to buy Rubles from Putin using Gold, or pay for the Oil and Gas with Gold itself.

Currently, the FOREX Rate for Rubles to Dollars is about 100:1

BUT . . . with 5,000 Rubles now equaling one gram of Gold, and oil being priced directly in Gold, we are going to see a MASSIVE price disruption in FOREX markets, in terms of how much Gold a Dollar can still buy.

Foreign countries holding our Dollar Debt Notes in Reserve, will see an immediate, and far less use for them and will want to start dumping them in favor of something more stable; something which holds its value.

Basically, any currency pegged to Gold will fit the bill.  which means countries like that — like Japan — will start dumping their Dollar Debt as fast as they can — they are NOT going to go down with the ship!  They will move into more stable currencies, like . . . the Ruble.

This will have a DE-flationary effect on the Ruble, making it more valuable over time.

This also means Putin can re-peg the Ruble any time he wants, to like 500, or 50, or 10.   IT just keeps getting more valuable for him.

The instant result is that all those foreign countries dumping their Dollar Reserves will cause all those excess Dollars to start coming home, triggering worse hyper-inflation than we already have now in the USA.

Is it any wonder why Biden was on stage last week calling for Regime change in Russia?  He is about to have masses of angry and literally starving Americans  marching through the streets here at home demanding answers.

* * * * * * *


It’s Official! Russia Central bank Announces Ruble Bound to Gold! 5000 Rubles per Gram

The Central Bank of Russia has officially announced that, as of March 28, 2022, the Russian Ruble currency is BOUND to Gold. The rate is 5,000 Rubles per gram of gold bullion.

Russian President Vladimir Putin has made a public statement on video about what has taken place with binding the Ruble to Gold.

In that statement, he points out that Western Nations have simply STOLEN Russia’s foreign currency reserves and Gold Bullion Reserves, and by doing so, worldwide trust in so-called “First-Class” safety of investing in the West, has been smashed.

He goes on to predict that people will now dump their holdings of Dollars and EUROS to safer investments like land, food, and raw materials.

                         Putin is correct.

The impact of what Russia has just done is a literal dagger to the heart of the US Dollar and to the EURO. No one will want those currencies anymore, and since the US barely manufactures anything domestically, when foreign countries cease accepting the dollar for payment, shortages of everything will slam the U.S. and Europe.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti

Biden. È crollato nei sondaggi. Sette su dieci Elettori lo disapprovano. Straparla.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-30.

2022-0329__ Nbc 001

«I commenti di Biden hanno coronato un discorso emotivo a Varsavia sabato»

«Julianne Smith, l’ambasciatore degli Stati Uniti alla NATO, ha detto sulla CNN che il commento di Biden sabato che Vladimir Putin “non può rimanere al potere” era probabilmente “una reazione umana di principio alle storie che aveva sentito”»

2022-0329__ Nbc 002

L’America non sa cosa farsene di un Joe Biden che non sa controllare le proprie emozioni: e non lo vota.

Di seguito riportiamo il testo completo della relazione della Nbc allegata ai sondaggi.

Biden’s job approval falls to lowest level of his presidency amid war and inflation fears

Tuttavia i riepiloghi delle preferenze degli Elettori dovrebbero dare elle corrette informazioni numeriche.

* * * * * * *

«French President Emmanuel Macron warned against an escalation of “words or actions,” a day after President Joe Biden said Vladimir Putin “cannot remain in power.”»

«Biden’s comments capped an emotional address in Warsaw Saturday»

«He earlier called Russia’s leader “a butcher.” The insults “narrow the window of opportunity for normalizing dialogue, so much needed now»

«Seven in 10 Americans polled by NBC News said they had very little, or only some, confidence in President Joe Biden’s handling of the war in Ukraine»

«Just 12% expressed a great deal of confidence»

«More than 80% were concerned that the war would lead to the use of nuclear weapons»

«Julianne Smith, the U.S. Ambassador to NATO, said on CNN that Biden’s comment on Saturday that Vladimir Putin “cannot remain in power” was probably “a principled human reaction to the stories that he had heard”»

* * * * * * *


Ukraine Update: Most in U.S. Express Low Confidence in Biden. – Bloomberg.

French President Emmanuel Macron warned against an escalation of “words or actions,” a day after President Joe Biden said Vladimir Putin “cannot remain in power.” Secretary of State Antony Blinken said the U.S. doesn’t have a strategy of regime change but is focused on putting “unprecedented” pressure on Moscow while strongly supporting Ukraine. 

Biden’s comments capped an emotional address in Warsaw Saturday. He earlier called Russia’s leader “a butcher.” The insults “narrow the window of opportunity for normalizing dialogue, so much needed now, with the current U.S. administration,” Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said in response. President Volodymyr Zelenskiy is scheduled to address a pro-Ukraine rally in Washington D.C. on Sunday. 

While Biden was in neighboring Poland, Russian shelling hit Lviv in far western Ukraine on Saturday, with television images showing firefighters battling flames near large fuel tanks. That comes a day after Russia’s military said it’s focusing on taking full control of Ukraine’s eastern Donbas region. The Luhansk People’s Republic plans to hold a referendum on becoming part of Russia, according to Interfax.  

Key Developments

Biden Calls For Putin’s Removal in Risky EscalationRussia Says Donbas Is Ukraine Focus in Possible Shift in War AimU.S., EU Reach LNG Supply Deal to Cut Dependence on RussiaWith Ukraine’s Culture Under Fire, Museums Stage Rescue MissionRussia Seizes Rare Swiss Watches in Sanctions ReprisalSpaceX, Rivals Get a Lift as Industry Shuns Russian Soyuz Rocket

Seven in 10 Americans polled by NBC News said they had very little, or only some, confidence in President Joe Biden’s handling of the war in Ukraine. Just 12% expressed a great deal of confidence. More than 80% were concerned that the war would lead to the use of nuclear weapons, and 74% were worried that the U.S. would send combat troops into Ukraine. 

Biden’s overall approval dipped to 40%, the lowest mark of his presidency, from 43% in January. The March 18-22 poll of 1,000 adults had a margin of error of plus or minus 3.1 percentage point. 

Julianne Smith, the U.S. Ambassador to NATO, said on CNN that Biden’s comment on Saturday that Vladimir Putin “cannot remain in power” was probably “a principled human reaction to the stories that he had heard” during a trip to Warsaw, including meetings with war refugees. Smith echoed Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s statement that the U.S. isn’t pursuing a policy of regime change in Russia.

* * * * * * *


Biden’s job approval falls to lowest level of his presidency amid war and inflation fears

Seven in 10 Americans expressed low confidence in the president’s ability to deal with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine as Biden’s approval fell to 40 percent in new NBC News poll.

* * *

Amid Europe’s largest land war since World War II, 7 in 10 Americans expressed low confidence in President Joe Biden’s ability to deal with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in a new NBC News poll, and 8 in 10 voiced worry that the war will increase gas prices and possibly involve nuclear weapons. 

And during the nation’s largest inflation spike in 40 years, overwhelming majorities said they believe the country is headed in the wrong direction and disapproved of the president’s handling of the economy.

Those are some of the major findings of the new national NBC News poll, which found that Biden’s overall job approval rating had declined to 40 percent, the lowest level of his presidency. The survey also found that Republicans enjoyed a 2-point lead in answer to which party should control Congress ahead of November’s midterm elections.

“What this poll says is that President Biden and Democrats are headed for a catastrophic election,” said Republican pollster Bill McInturff of Public Opinions Strategy, who conducted this survey with Democratic pollster Jeff Horwitt of Hart Research Associates. 

The poll was conducted between March 18-22, before the president’s overseas trip, where he was to meet with NATO allies, visit with U.S. troops in Poland and deliver a major speech on Russia’s war in Ukraine. 

“A dictator bent on rebuilding an empire will never erase a people’s love for liberty. Brutality will never grind down their will to be free. Ukraine will never be a victory for Russia — for free people refuse to live in a world of hopelessness and darkness,” Biden said in Warsaw on Saturday.

The survey does contain some silver linings for Biden and Democrats, including an increase in those who said they approve of the president’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic. Also, nearly 80 percent of Americans said they agree with Biden’s decision to ban Russian oil, even if it means higher gas prices. 

But what stands out in the poll is that the American public hasn’t yet rallied around Biden as a result of the war in Ukraine, said Horwitt, the Democratic pollster.

“One thing that has not happened — at least yet — is a rally around the flag reaction with Joe Biden’s job rating increasing. The potential for that to occur could still happen if America becomes more directly involved, but at this stage it is not there.”

Biden’s job rating among all adults participating in the poll stands at 40 percent who approve of his performance, and 55 percent who disapprove — the lowest mark of his presidency in the NBC News poll, though the movement is within the poll’s margin of error.

In January, Biden’s overall job rating stood at 43 percent approve, 54 percent disapprove.

The erosion in Biden’s approval rating has been across the board among key demographic groups, including Black respondents (from 64 percent approve in January to 62 percent now), women (from 51 percent approve to 44 percent), Latinos (from 48 percent to 39 percent) and independents (36 percent to 32 percent). 

“You cannot get down to the low 40s in presidential approval, unless you have strained your own base,” said McInturff, the GOP pollster.

Seventy-one percent of Americans said they believe the nation is headed on the wrong track, versus 22 percent who said they believe it’s headed in the right direction, which is unchanged from January’s poll. 

And on the issues, 51 percent of adults said they approve of Biden’s handling of the coronavirus (up 7 points from January), 42 percent approved of his handling of foreign policy (up 5 points), but only a third — 33 percent — approved of Biden’s handling of the economy (down 5 points). 

Cost of living jumps to top issue.

The decline in Biden’s handling of the economy comes as the cost of living has jumped to Americans’ most important issue in the poll, displacing jobs and the economy, voting rights/election integrity and the coronavirus as the top issues, which all topped January’s survey. 

Sixty-two percent of respondents said their family income is falling behind the cost of living; 31 percent said they’re staying even; and 6 percent said their income is going up faster than the cost of living.

Asked whom or what they blame the most for inflation increasing, a plurality of Americans — 38 percent — pointed the finger at Biden and his policies, though Republican respondents made up the bulk of those with that opinion. 

Another 28 percent put the blame on the Covid pandemic, 23 percent attributed it to corporations that have increased prices and 6 percent blamed the rising cost of goods and services on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. 

Asked which one issue — reducing inflation and improving the economy, or working to end the war in Ukraine — should be Biden’s top priority, 68 percent picked inflation/economy, versus 29 percent who picked the war in Ukraine. 

                         Concerns about the war in Ukraine

Still, the NBC News poll found plenty of Americans who were worried about Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. 

Eighty-three percent said they’re concerned about the war increasing the cost of goods and services like gasoline; 82 percent said they’re concerned that the war will involve nuclear weapons; and 74 percent said they’re concerned the U.S. will send American combat troops to fight in Ukraine. 

A combined 57 percent of respondents said they believe the United States is already at war with Russia (16 percent), or that it will be within the next year (41 percent).

Twenty-eight percent in the poll said they have either a “great deal” (12 percent) or “quite a bit” (16 percent) of confidence in Biden’s ability to respond to the war between Russia and Ukraine and manage the crisis. 

That’s compared with a combined 71 percent who said they have “just some” (27 percent) or “very little” (44 percent) confidence in Biden — including 43 percent of Democrats who said they have just some (36 percent) or very little (7 percent) confidence.

“Americans were looking for greater certainty and stability after the 2020 election. Whether it is at home or abroad, these expectations have not been met,” said Horwitt, the Democratic pollster. 

                         The midterms

Finally, when it comes to November’s midterm elections, the NBC News poll showed 46 percent of registered voters preferring a Republican-controlled Congress, versus 44 percent who said they want to see Democrats in charge.

That 2-point GOP lead — within the poll’s margin of error — is the first time Republicans have held the advantage on this question since 2014.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Materie Prime

Germania. Il 78% delle aziende è danneggiata dal conflitto ukraino e sanzioni. – Bloomberg.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-29.

Boomerang 001

«Ma le mosse non possono fornire il sollievo immediato che le imprese stanno cercando»

«Il ministro delle finanze Christian Lindner ha avvertito che la Germania è in pericolo di stagflazione, quando l’alta inflazione persiste accanto a un rallentamento economico»

«Secondo un sondaggio della lobby DIHK su 3.700 aziende, il 78% ha riferito che la guerra sta danneggiando il loro business, e più della metà si è lamentata dell’aumento dei prezzi o delle catene di fornitura interrotte»

* * *

Per quanti abbiano difficoltà con la lingua inglese, riportiamo in calce la traduzione dell’articolo di Bloomberg.

* * * * * * *

«Germany’s industrial base, just emerging from pandemic and unprecedented supply-chain challenges, is taking another beating with Russia’s war on Ukraine hitting its powerhouse car, chemical and precision-machinery manufacturers»

«As the conflict pushes energy costs to new heights and a wave of inflation builds, scores of companies including BMW AG, BASF SE and ThyssenKrupp AG have warned their earnings will slip»

«If the war drags on, it would seriously threaten a world order»

«Europe would suffer the most in such a scenario»

«In Berlin, the government has acknowledged the depth of the predicament, but its options — both economic and political — are limited by decades of energy policy that have left Germany among Europe’s most heavily dependent nations on Russian gas and oil»

«On Friday, Habeck, who’s been moving to lock in other energy sources, said Germany wants to end Russian gas imports by mid-2024»

«But the moves can’t provide the immediate relief firms are seeking»

«Finance Minister Christian Lindner has warned Germany is in danger of stagflation, when high inflation persists alongside an economic slowdown»

«A range of gauges have turned gloomy in a country that depends on its manufacturing sector to keep humming along»

«Goods production accounts for about 22% of Germany’s economic activity, compared to 11% in France»

«With skyrocketing prices for energy and commodities, our main business right now is survival and the preservation of jobs, and no longer making profit»

«According to a survey of 3,700 companies by business lobby DIHK, 78% reported that the war was hurting their business, and more than half complained about rising prices or disrupted supply chains»

«What hurts us most are electricity prices»

«prices “are completely crazy” after the price per ton of sheet metal nearly doubled 2,200 euros from within a week, forcing the company into hiking prices almost daily»

«Some of our customers can’t pay those prices»

«Russia supplies about two-thirds of Germany’s gas, half of its coal and roughly a third of its oil»

«The biggest worry for businesses in Germany is right now a possible shutdown of Russian energy supplies – either by President Vladimir Putin or the European Union»

* * * * * * *


German Industry Powerhouse Shaken to Core by War in Ukraine. – Bloomberg.

(Bloomberg) — Germany’s industrial base, just emerging from pandemic and unprecedented supply-chain challenges, is taking another beating with Russia’s war on Ukraine hitting its powerhouse car, chemical and precision-machinery manufacturers.

As the conflict pushes energy costs to new heights and a wave of inflation builds, scores of companies including BMW AG, BASF SE and ThyssenKrupp AG have warned their earnings will slip while others declined even to offer a prediction. Economists have slashed growth forecasts.

“If the war drags on, it would seriously threaten a world order that has brought freedom and prosperity to many parts of the world over the past decades,” Herbert Diess, Volkswagen AG’s chief executive officer, said this month at the company’s annual earnings press conference. “Europe would suffer the most in such a scenario.”

In Berlin, the government has acknowledged the depth of the predicament, but its options — both economic and political — are limited by decades of energy policy that have left Germany among Europe’s most heavily dependent nations on Russian gas and oil. Even before the invasion, Germany’s energy-intensive industry base faced momentous shifts with the planned exit from nuclear and coal alongside Europe’s highest electricity costs.

Economy Minister Robert Habeck has set up a task force to gather data from industry on gas and electricity use and prices, production plans, supply bottlenecks and reliance on Russian energy.

On Friday, Habeck, who’s been moving to lock in other energy sources, said Germany wants to end Russian gas imports by mid-2024. Habeck led a group of executives from firms including BASF, Deutsche Bank AG, Commerzbank AG and RWE AG to Qatar and UAE last week to secure shipments of liquefied natural gas.

But the moves can’t provide the immediate relief firms are seeking, and signs are building that the war could cause lasting economic pain to Germany’s export-driven manufacturers riding high for years on demand from China and efficient supply chains. Finance Minister Christian Lindner has warned Germany is in danger of stagflation, when high inflation persists alongside an economic slowdown.

A range of gauges have turned gloomy in a country that depends on its manufacturing sector to keep humming along. Goods production accounts for about 22% of Germany’s economic activity, compared to 11% in France.

Kiel Institute cut its 2022 growth outlook for Germany by nearly half to 2.1% as shock waves from the war offset resurging demand following the depth of the pandemic alongside inflation accelerating to 5.8%, the highest level since the country’s 1990 reunification. An index of German manufacturing sank further in March, and a key business climate survey fell by a record. Even so, businesses as well as the broader public are strongly supportive of are strongly supportive of sanctions against Russia.

Germany’s coalition government reached a deal Thursday for its second package to ease the burden of energy costs, bringing the total relief spending to about 30 billion euros ($33 billion). But there’s still no cohesive plan to head off a crisis that’s reverberating through so many layers of the economy, said one official, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

“With skyrocketing prices for energy and commodities, our main business right now is survival and the preservation of jobs, and no longer making profit,” said Ralf Stoffels, head of BIW Isolierstoffe GmbH, a mid-sized silicon producer in Germany’s former industrial heartland North Rhine Westphalia.

Stoffels isn’t alone. According to a survey of 3,700 companies by business lobby DIHK, 78% reported that the war was hurting their business, and more than half complained about rising prices or disrupted supply chains.

“What hurts us most are electricity prices,” said Simon Eickholt, managing director of Kern Microtechnik GmbH, which makes precision milling machines. The firm’s energy costs have roughly doubled, he said.

Supply chain disruptions and raw material costs are also weighing on Kern, which has about 40 million euros in annual sales. The company’s mechanical engineering business receives several notices each week of longer delivery times and price hikes of as much as 15%, Eickholt said.

Steffen Auer, managing director of steel trader Schwarzwald Eisenhandel GmbH & Co KG, said prices “are completely crazy” after the price per ton of sheet metal nearly doubled 2,200 euros from within a week, forcing the company into hiking prices almost daily.

“Some of our customers can’t pay those prices,” said Auer.

Russia supplies about two-thirds of Germany’s gas, half of its coal and roughly a third of its oil. The biggest worry for businesses in Germany is right now a possible shutdown of Russian energy supplies – either by President Vladimir Putin or the European Union.

Speaking Friday, Habeck underscored Germany’s predicament.

“Even if we become less dependent on Russian imports, it is too early for an energy embargo at this point in time,” Habeck said. “The economic and social consequences would still be too serious.”

So far, the EU is refraining from cutting off Russian gas and oil, recognizing that such a move would send shockwaves through the continent. If Europe were to do so, BIW Isolierstoffe’s Stoffels expects his firm would have to shut down, rippling through to manufacturers such as carmakers who depend on his silicon.

“We face the danger of not having enough energy to keep up our production, although we produce something which is needed in all kinds of sectors,” said Stoffels.

* * * * * * *

La potenza dell’industria tedesca scossa dalla guerra in Ucraina. – Bloomberg.

(Bloomberg) — La base industriale della Germania, appena uscita dalla pandemia e dalle sfide senza precedenti della catena di approvvigionamento, sta prendendo un’altra batosta con la guerra della Russia contro l’Ucraina, colpendo i suoi potenti produttori di automobili, prodotti chimici e macchinari di precisione.

Mentre il conflitto spinge i costi energetici a nuove altezze e un’ondata di inflazione si accumula, decine di aziende tra cui BMW AG, BASF SE e ThyssenKrupp AG hanno avvertito che i loro guadagni scivoleranno mentre altri hanno rifiutato persino di offrire una previsione. Gli economisti hanno tagliato le previsioni di crescita.

“Se la guerra si trascina, minaccerebbe seriamente un ordine mondiale che ha portato libertà e prosperità in molte parti del mondo negli ultimi decenni”, ha detto Herbert Diess, amministratore delegato della Volkswagen AG, questo mese alla conferenza stampa annuale della società sui guadagni. “L’Europa soffrirebbe di più in un tale scenario”.

A Berlino, il governo ha riconosciuto la profondità della situazione, ma le sue opzioni – sia economiche che politiche – sono limitate da decenni di politica energetica che hanno lasciato la Germania tra le nazioni europee più dipendenti dal gas e dal petrolio russo. Anche prima dell’invasione, la base dell’industria tedesca ad alta intensità energetica ha affrontato cambiamenti epocali con la prevista uscita dal nucleare e dal carbone insieme ai più alti costi dell’elettricità in Europa.

Il ministro dell’economia Robert Habeck ha istituito una task force per raccogliere dati dall’industria sull’uso e i prezzi del gas e dell’elettricità, i piani di produzione, i colli di bottiglia e la dipendenza dall’energia russa.

Venerdì, Habeck, che si sta muovendo per bloccare altre fonti di energia, ha detto che la Germania vuole porre fine alle importazioni di gas russo entro la metà del 2024. Habeck ha guidato un gruppo di dirigenti di aziende come BASF, Deutsche Bank AG, Commerzbank AG e RWE AG in Qatar e negli Emirati Arabi la scorsa settimana per assicurarsi spedizioni di gas naturale liquefatto.

Ma le mosse non possono fornire il sollievo immediato che le aziende stanno cercando, e i segni stanno costruendo che la guerra potrebbe causare un dolore economico duraturo ai produttori tedeschi orientati all’esportazione che cavalcano in alto per anni sulla domanda dalla Cina e su catene di approvvigionamento efficienti. Il ministro delle finanze Christian Lindner ha avvertito che la Germania è in pericolo di stagflazione, quando l’alta inflazione persiste accanto a un rallentamento economico.

Una serie di indicatori sono diventati cupi in un paese che dipende dal suo settore manifatturiero per continuare a ronzare. La produzione di beni rappresenta circa il 22% dell’attività economica della Germania, rispetto all’11% della Francia.

Il Kiel Institute ha tagliato le sue prospettive di crescita per la Germania nel 2022 di quasi la metà, al 2,1%, poiché le onde d’urto della guerra hanno compensato la ripresa della domanda dopo la profondità della pandemia e l’inflazione ha accelerato al 5,8%, il livello più alto dalla riunificazione del paese nel 1990. Un indice della produzione tedesca è affondato ulteriormente a marzo, e un sondaggio chiave sul clima degli affari è sceso di un record. Anche così, le imprese e l’opinione pubblica sono fortemente a favore delle sanzioni contro la Russia.

Il governo di coalizione della Germania ha raggiunto un accordo giovedì per il suo secondo pacchetto per alleviare il peso dei costi energetici, portando la spesa totale di soccorso a circa 30 miliardi di euro (33 miliardi di dollari). Ma non c’è ancora un piano coesivo per fermare una crisi che sta riverberando attraverso così tanti strati dell’economia, ha detto un funzionario, che ha parlato a condizione di anonimato.

“Con i prezzi alle stelle per l’energia e le materie prime, la nostra principale attività in questo momento è la sopravvivenza e la conservazione dei posti di lavoro, e non più fare profitti”, ha detto Ralf Stoffels, capo della BIW Isolierstoffe GmbH, un produttore di silicio di medie dimensioni nell’ex cuore industriale della Germania, il Nord Reno Westfalia.

Stoffels non è solo. Secondo un sondaggio di 3.700 aziende della lobby imprenditoriale DIHK, il 78% ha riferito che la guerra sta danneggiando i loro affari, e più della metà si è lamentata dell’aumento dei prezzi o delle catene di approvvigionamento interrotte.

“Ciò che ci fa più male sono i prezzi dell’elettricità”, ha detto Simon Eickholt, amministratore delegato della Kern Microtechnik GmbH, che produce fresatrici di precisione. I costi energetici dell’azienda sono circa raddoppiati, ha detto.

Le interruzioni della catena di approvvigionamento e i costi delle materie prime stanno anche pesando su Kern, che ha circa 40 milioni di euro di vendite annuali. L’attività di ingegneria meccanica dell’azienda riceve diversi avvisi ogni settimana di tempi di consegna più lunghi e aumenti di prezzo fino al 15%, ha detto Eickholt.

Steffen Auer, amministratore delegato del commerciante di acciaio Schwarzwald Eisenhandel GmbH & Co KG, ha detto che i prezzi “sono completamente folli” dopo che il prezzo per tonnellata di lamiera è quasi raddoppiato di 2.200 euro nel giro di una settimana, costringendo l’azienda ad aumentare i prezzi quasi ogni giorno.

“Alcuni dei nostri clienti non possono pagare quei prezzi”, ha detto Auer.

La Russia fornisce circa due terzi del gas della Germania, metà del suo carbone e circa un terzo del suo petrolio. La più grande preoccupazione per le imprese in Germania è in questo momento un possibile arresto delle forniture energetiche russe – o dal presidente Vladimir Putin o dall’Unione europea.

Parlando venerdì, Habeck ha sottolineato la situazione della Germania.

“Anche se diventiamo meno dipendenti dalle importazioni russe, è troppo presto per un embargo energetico in questo momento”, ha detto Habeck. “Le conseguenze economiche e sociali sarebbero ancora troppo gravi”.

Finora, l’UE si sta astenendo dal tagliare il gas e il petrolio russo, riconoscendo che una tale mossa manderebbe onde d’urto attraverso il continente. Se l’Europa lo facesse, Stoffels della BIW Isolierstoffe si aspetta che la sua azienda dovrebbe chiudere, con ripercussioni su produttori come le case automobilistiche che dipendono dal suo silicio.

“Affrontiamo il pericolo di non avere abbastanza energia per mantenere la nostra produzione, anche se produciamo qualcosa che è necessario in tutti i tipi di settori”, ha detto Stoffels.

Pubblicato in: Agricoltura

Fertilizzanti. Feb22. Prezzi all’ingrosso. Fosfato di diammonio. Prezzo 747.13 Usd per tonnellata.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-28.

2022-03-26__Fosfato di diammonio 001

«I fertilizzanti rappresentano per le piante quello che gli alimenti sono per l’uomo e gli animali. Le piante per vivere, infatti, hanno bisogno di assorbire gli elementi nutritivi che sono contenuti nel terreno ma, col passare del tempo, i suoli tendono ad impoverirsi rendendo sempre più difficoltosa la nutrizione delle piante. Da qui l’importanza dei fertilizzanti che, fornendo il giusto mix dei nutrienti principali (azoto, fosforo e potassio) e secondari (calcio, magnesio, zolfo, ecc.), permettono di preservare la fertilità del terreno.

                         COMMODITIES.

Ne fanno parte essenzialmente i concimi minerali: con una quota del 60% della totalità dei concimi utilizzati in Italia ed una quota di fatturato totale del 73% circa, rappresentano la tipologia più consistente del comparto produttivo Questi sono prodotti sintetizzati a partire dal metano (produzione di ammoniaca, urea, acido nitrico e nitrato ammonico), dall’acido solforico e dalle rocce fosfatiche e dai sali di potassio. Sono prodotti semplici quando è presente un solo elemento principale, sono prodotti composti (da miscela fisica o da reazione) quando contengono 2 o 3 elementi principali. Le caratteristiche di questi prodotti sono i grandi volumi, le tecnologie consolidate e il fatto che sono prodotti a specifica, cioè completamente descritti dalle loro caratteristiche chimico-fisiche.

                         ORGANICS.

Ne fanno parte:

  1. a) I concimi organici e ammendanti. I processi produttivi che li caratterizzano sono riconducibili più a dei processi biochimici che non a delle vere proprie reazioni di sintesi. La stabilizzazione della sostanza organica naturale (di origine animale o vegetale) è la condizione essenziale per far sì che i nutrienti contenuti nei concimi si rendano disponibili al meglio per le colture.
  2. b) I concimi organo minerali: sono ottenuti mediante reazione o compattazione dei concimi minerali con le matrici organiche per creare un’azione sinergica che mira a combinare l’azione nutriente delle piante con la migliore prestazione ambientale.

I concimi organici e organo-minerali costituiscono il 17% delle quantità totali vendute con un 8% per concimi organici e un 9% per i concimi organo minerali e il 15% del fatturato del settore. Gli ammendanti, i correttivi e i substrati per coltura, invece, hanno avuto in questi ultimi anni una forte spinta, passando da un 24% all’attuale 40% in termini di volume e il 12% in termini di fatturato. Si possono annoverare in questo gruppo tutti quei materiali di recupero (in particolare delle sostanze organiche secondarie o sottoprodotti organici – i compost) che dal punto di vista produttivo sono considerati più simili a dei processi biologici che non a dei processi chimici veri e propri.

                         SPECIALITIES.

La modificazione delle proprietà di rilascio degli elementi minerali da parte dei concimi, la solubilità dei preparati, le proprietà biostimolanti di alcuni composti organici sono alcune delle caratteristiche che i processi di produzione dei cosiddetti concimi “specialistici” si prefiggono di controllare.

Si tratta di prodotti a comportamento altamente differenziato tra loro nelle rispettive categorie, ciascuna finalizzata all’ottenimento di determinate prestazioni. Le tecnologie applicate, anche qui di ordine sia chimico che biochimico/enzimatico, sono peculiari per questo settore, che richiede un alto grado di tecnologia e di specializzazione. Statisticamente rappresenta circa il 2% della somma dei concimi minerali e dei concimi organici e organo minerali, ma contribuisce a più del 10% del fatturato totale del settore dei fertilizzanti.» [AssoFertilizzanti]

* * * * * * *

«Diammonium phosphate.

Diammonium phosphate (DAP; IUPAC name diammonium hydrogen phosphate; chemical formula (NH4)2(HPO4) is one of a series of water-soluble ammonium phosphate salts that can be produced when ammonia reacts with phosphoric acid. ….

DAP is used as a fertilizer. When applied as plant food, it temporarily increases the soil pH, but over a long term the treated ground becomes more acidic than before upon nitrification of the ammonium. It is incompatible with alkaline chemicals because its ammonium ion is more likely to convert to ammonia in a high-pH environment. The average pH in solution is 7.5–8. The typical formulation is 18-46-0 (18% N, 46% P2O5, 0% K2O)» [Fonte]

* * * * * * *

Questi i principali stati produttori.

Cina Produzione mineraria: 140 milioni di tonnellate

Stati Uniti Produzione mineraria: 27,7 milioni di tonnellate

Marocco e Sahara Occidentale Produzione mineraria: 27 milioni di tonnellate

Russia Produzione mineraria: 12,5 milioni di tonnellate

Giordania Produzione mineraria: 8,2 milioni di tonnellate

Brasile Produzione mineraria: 5,5 milioni di tonnellate

Egitto Produzione mineraria: 5 milioni di tonnellate

Arabia Saudita Produzione mineraria: 4,5 milioni di tonnellate

* * * * * * *

I costi dei fertilizzanti all’ingrosso sono quasi raddoppiati nel corso di un anno.

Ma tuttavia il loro uso è obbligato, perché altrimenti i terreni si impoverirebbero e non darebbero più raccolti. Sono costi che si riverseranno sui Consumatori.

* * * * * * *

Italia. Jan22. Prezzi medi all’ingrosso del comparto agricolo per categorie.

Fertilizzanti. Nov21. Prezzi all’ingrosso. Fosfato di diammonio +102.1% YoY.

Fertilizzanti. Anno21. Prezzi all’ingrosso. Fosfato di diammonio +88.43% YoY.

Glicerina. Nov21. Prezzo all’ingrosso aumentato di quasi il 100% anno su anno.

Fertilizzanti. Si prospetta una carestia a livello mondiale. La fame proprio ci mancava.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Biden. Trascrizione del discorso fatto all’inconcludente summit di Varsavia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-28.

2022-03-27__ Varsavia Zelenzky 001

Si è tenuto a Varsavia il summit dei paesi occidentali e della Nato.

Russia sanziona il blocco europeo. Il gas naturale dovrà essere pagato in rubli.

I paesi dell’Europa orientale sono sotto grande tensione per il provvedimento di Mr Putin, che richiede pagamento in rubli contro le forniture di gas naturale, e si sono dissociati da Joe Biden.

Le sanzioni messe da Mr Putin potrebbero far crollare la Unione Europea.

* * * * * * *


Full transcript of President Biden’s speech in Warsaw on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine

President Joe Biden delivered forceful remarks Saturday from Poland that reiterated the United States’ and its allies’ support for Ukraine and said that the war has been a “strategic failure” for Russia.

As the invasion of Ukraine enters its second month, Biden pledged that democracy will prevail and told all freedom-loving nations that “we must commit now to be in this fight for the long haul.”

He also had a strong message for Russian President Vladimir Putin.

“[D]on’t even think about moving on one single inch of NATO territory,” Biden said. “We have a sacred obligation under Article 5 to defend each and every inch of NATO territory with the full force of our collective power.”

Biden spoke for nearly 30 minutes at the Royal Castle in Warsaw to an audience of between 750 and 1,000 attendees, including Polish President Andrzej Duda, members of parliament, local officials, students from local universities and U.S. embassy staff, according to the White House.

At the start and end of his remarks, Biden borrowed a phrase from Pope John Paul II, the first Polish pope, in telling the Ukrainian people, “Be not afraid.”

“Be not afraid.” These were the first words that the first public address of the first Polish pope after his election in October of 1978, they were the words who would come to define Pope John Paul II. Words that would change the world.

John Paul brought the message here to Warsaw in his first trip back home as pope in June of 1979. It was a message about the power, the power of faith, the power of resilience, the power of the people. In the face of a cruel and brutal system of government, it was a message that helped end the Soviet repression in the central land in Eastern Europe 30 years ago.

It was a message that we’ll overcome the cruelty and brutality of this unjust war. When Pope John Paul brought that message in 1979, the Soviet Union ruled with an iron fist behind an Iron Curtain. Then a year later, the solidarity movement took hold in Poland. While I know he couldn’t be here tonight, we’re all grateful in America and around the world for Lech Walesa. [Applause] It reminds me of that phrase from the philosopher Kierkegaard, “Faith sees best in the dark.” And they were dark moments.

Ten years later, the Soviet Union collapsed and Poland and Central and Eastern Europe would soon be free. Nothing about that battle for freedom was simple or easy. It was a long, painful slog. Fought over not days and months but years and decades. But we emerged anew in the great battle for freedom. A battle between democracy and autocracy. Between liberty and repression. Between a rules-based order and one governed by brute force. In this battle, we need to be clear-eyed. This battle will not be won in days or months either. We need to steel ourselves of a long fight ahead.

Mr. President, Mr. Prime Minister, Mr. Mayor, members of the parliament, distinguished guests, and the people of Poland, and I suspect some people of Ukraine that are here. We are [applause], we are gathered here at the royal castle in this city that holds the sacred place in the history of not only of Europe but human kind’s unending search for freedom.

For generations, Warsaw has stood where liberty has been challenged and liberty has prevailed. In fact, it was here in Warsaw when a young refugee who fled her home country from Czechoslovakia was under Soviet domination, came back to speak and stand in solidarity with dissidence. Her name was Madeleine Korbel Albright. She became one of the most ardent supporters of democracy in the world. She was a friend with whom I served. America’s first woman Secretary of State.

She passed away three days ago. She fought her whole life for central democratic principles. And now in the perennial struggle for democracy and freedom, Ukraine and its people are in the front lines.

Fighting to save their nation and their brave resistance is part of a larger fight for essential democratic principles that unite all free people. The rule of law, fair and free elections, the freedom to speak, to write and to assemble. The freedom to worship as one chooses. The freedom of the press. These principles are essential in a free society. [Applause]

But they have always, they have always been under siege. They have always been embattled. Every generation has had to defeat democracy’s moral foes. That’s the way of the world, for the world is imperfect, as we know. Where the appetites and ambitions of a few forever seek to dominate the lives and liberty of many.

My message to the people of Ukraine is a message I delivered today to Ukraine’s foreign minister and defense minister, who I believe are here tonight. We stand with you. Period! [Applause]

Today’s fighting in Kyiv and Melitopol and Kharkiv are the latest battle in a long struggle. Hungary, 1956. Poland, 1956, and then again, 1981. Czechoslovakia,1968. Soviet tanks crushed democratic uprisings, but the resistance continued until finally in 1989, the Berlin Wall and all the walls of Soviet domination, they fell. They fell! And the people prevailed.

But the battle for democracy could not conclude, and did not conclude with the end of the Cold War. Over the last 30 years, the forces of autocracy have revived all across the globe. Its hallmarks are familiar ones — contempt for the rule of law, contempt for democratic freedom, contempt for the truth itself.

Today, Russia has strangled democracy and sought to do so elsewhere, not only in his homeland. Under false claims of ethnic solidarity, there’s invalidated neighboring nations. Putin has the gall to say he’s ‘denazifying’ Ukraine. It’s a lie. It’s just cynical, he knows that and it’s also obscene.

President Zelenskyy was democratically elected. He’s Jewish. His father’s family was wiped out in the Nazi Holocaust. And Putin has the audacity, like all autocrats before him, to believe that might will make right.

In my own country, a former president named Abraham Lincoln voiced the opposing spirit to save our union in the midst of the Civil War. He said let us have faith that right makes might. Right makes might. Today, let us have that faith again. [Applause] Let us resolve to put the strength of democracies into action to thwart the designs of autocracy.

Let us remember that the test of this moment is the test of all time. A criminal wants to portray NATO enlargement as an imperial project aimed at destabilizing Russia. Nothing is further from the truth. NATO is a defensive alliance. It has never sought the demise of Russia. In the lead up to the current crisis, the United States and NATO worked for months to engage Russia to avert war. I met with him in person, talked to him many times on the phone.

Time and again, we offered real diplomacy and concrete proposals to strengthen European security, enhance transparency, build confidence on all sides. But Putin and Russia met each of the proposals with disinterest in any negotiation, with lies and ultimatums.

Russia was bent on violence from the start. I know not all of you believed me and us when we kept saying, they are going to cross the border, they are going to attack. Repeatedly he asserted we had no interest in war, guaranteed he would not move. Repeatedly saying he would not invade Ukraine. Repeatedly saying Russian troops along the border were there for training. All 180,000 of them.

There’s simply no justification or provocation for Russia’s choice of war. It’s an example, one of the oldest human impulses, using brute force and disinformation to satisfy a craving for absolute power and control. It’s nothing less than a direct challenge to the rule-based international order established since the end of World War II. And it threatens to return to decades of war that ravaged Europe before the international rule-based order was put in place.

We cannot go back to that. We cannot. The gravity of the threat is why the response of the West has been so swift and so powerful and so unified, unprecedented and overwhelming. Swift and punishing costs are the only thing that are going to get Russia to change its course.

Within days of his invasion, the West has moved jointly with sanctions to damage Russia’s economy. Russia’s Central Bank is now blocked from global financial systems, denying Kremlin’s access to the war fund that’s stashed around the globe. We have aimed at the heart of Russia’s economy by stopping the imports of Russian energy to the United States.

To date, the United States has sanctioned 140 Russian oligarchs and their family members, seizing their ill-begotten gains, their yachts, their luxury apartments, their mansions. We’ve sanctioned more than 400 Russian government officials, including key architects of this war. These officials and oligarchs have reaped enormous benefit from the corruption connected to the Kremlin. And now they have to share in the pain.

The private sector has acted as well. Over 400 private multinational companies have pulled out of doing business in Russia. Left Russia completely. From oil companies to McDonald’s. As a result of these unprecedented sanctions, the ruble almost is immediately reduced to rubble. The Russian economy — that’s true, by the way, it takes about 200 rubles to equal $1.

The economy is on track to be cut in half in the coming years. It was ranked, Russia’s economy was ranked the 11th biggest economy in the world before this invasion. It will soon not even rank among the top 20 in the world.

Taken together [applause] these economic sanctions, a new kind of economic statecraft with the power to inflict damage that rivals military might. These international sanctions are sapping Russian strength, its ability to replenish its military, and its ability to project power. And it’s Putin, it is Vladimir Putin who is to blame. Period.

At the same time, alongside these economic sanctions, the Western world has come together to provide for the people of Ukraine with incredible levels of military, economic, humanitarian assistance.

In the years before the invasion, we, America, had sent over $650 million, before they crossed the border, in weapons to Ukraine, including anti-air and anti-armor equipment. Since the invasion, America has committed another $1.35 billion in weapons and ammunition. And thanks to the courage and bravery of the Ukrainian people, the equipment we’ve sent and our colleagues have sent have been used to devastating effect to defend Ukrainian land and air space.

Our allies and partners have stepped up as well. But as I’ve made clear, American forces are in Europe — not in Europe to engage in conflict with Russian forces. American forces are here to defend NATO allies. Yesterday I met with the troops that are serving alongside our Polish allies to bolster NATO’s front line defenses. The reason we want to make clear is their movement on Ukraine — don’t even think about moving on one single inch of NATO territory. We have sacred obligation. We have a sacred obligation under Article 5 to defend each and every inch of NATO territory with the full force of our collective power.

And earlier today I visited your national stadium, where thousands of Ukrainian refugees are now trying to answer the toughest questions a human can ask. My God, what is going to happen to me? What is going to happen to my family? I saw tears in many of the mothers’ eyes as I embraced them. Their young children, their young children, not sure whether to smile or cry.

One little girl said, Mr. President — she spoke a little English — is my brother and my daddy, are they going to be okay? Will I see them again? Without their husbands, their fathers. In many cases, their brothers and sisters have stayed back to fight for their country.

I didn’t have to speak the language or understand the language to feel the emotion in their eyes, the way they gripped my hand, little kids hung on to my leg, praying with a desperate hope that all this is temporary. Apprehension that they may be perhaps forever away from their homes. Almost a debilitating sadness that this is happening all over again.

But I was also struck by the generosity of the people of Warsaw — for that matter, all the Polish people — for the depths of their compassion, their willingness to reach out [applause], for opening their hearts. I was saying to the mayor, they were opening their hearts and their homes simply to help.

I also want to thank my friend, the great American chef Jose Andres, and his team for help feeding those who are yearning to be free. But helping these refugees is not something Poland or any other nation should carry alone. All the world’s democracies have a responsibility to help. All of them. And the people of Ukraine can count on the United States to meet its responsibility. I have announced two days ago, we will welcome 100,000 Ukrainian refugees. We already have 8,000 a week coming to the United States of other nationalities. We will provide nearly $300 million of humanitarian assistance, providing tens of thousands of tons of food, water, medicine and other basic supplies.

In Brussels, I announced the United States is prepared to provide more than $1 billion in additional humanitarian aid. The World Food Programme told us that despite significant obstacles, at least some relief is getting to major cities in Ukraine. But not Metripol — no, excuse me — not Mariupol because Russian forces are blocking relief supplies.

But we’ll not cease our efforts to get humanitarian relief wherever it is needed in Ukraine and for the people who’ve made it out of Ukraine. Notwithstanding the brutality of Vladimir Putin, let there be no doubt that this war has already been a strategic failure for Russia already. Having lost children myself, I know that’s no solace to the people who’ve lost family but he, Putin, thought Ukrainians would roll over and not fight. Not much of a student of history. Instead Russian forces have met their match with brave and stiff Ukrainian resistance. Rather than breaking Ukrainian resolve, Russia’s brutal tactics have strengthened the resolve. Rather than driving NATO apart, the West is now stronger and more united than it’s ever been.

Russia wanted less of a NATO presence on its border but now he has a stronger presence, a larger presence with over 100,000 American troops here along with all the other members of NATO. In fact, Russia has managed to cause something I’m sure he never intended. The democracies of the world are revitalized with purpose and unity found in months that we’ve once taken years to accomplish.

It’s not only Russia’s actions in Ukraine that are reminding us of democracy’s blessing. It’s our own country, his own country, the Kremlin, it’s jailing protesters. Two hundred thousand people who have allegedly already left. There’s a brain drain leaving Russia. Shutting down independent news. State media is all propaganda. Blocking the image of civilian targets, mass graves, starvation tactics of the Russian forces in Ukraine.

Is it any wonder as I said that 200,000 Russians have all left their country in one month. A remarkable brain drain in such a short period of time. Which brings me to my message to the Russian people. I worked with Russian leaders for decades. I sat across the negotiating table going all the way back to Soviet Alexei Kosygin to talk arms control at the height of the Cold War. I’ve always spoken directly and honestly to you, the Russian people. Let me say this, if you’re able to listen. You, the Russian people, are not our enemy. I refuse to believe that you welcome the killing of innocent children and grandparents, or that you accept hospitals, schools, maternity wards and for God sake’s being pummeled with Russian missiles and bombs. Or cities being surrounded so that civilians cannot flee. Supplies cut off and attempting to starve Ukrainians into submission.

Millions of families are being driven from their homes, including half of all Ukraine’s children. These are not the actions of a great nation. Of all people, you, the Russian people, as well as all people across Europe still have the memory of being in a similar situation in the late ’30s and ’40s. Situation in World War II still fresh in the minds of many grandparents in the region. Whatever your generation experienced, whether it experienced the siege of Leningrad or heard about it from your parents and grandparents. Train stations overflowing with terrified families fleeing their homes. Nights sheltering in basements and cellars. Mornings sifting through the rubble in your homes. These are not memories of the past. Not anymore. Because it’s exactly what the Russian army is doing in Ukraine right now.

March 26, 2022, just days before we’re at the 21 — you were a 21st century nation, with hopes and dreams that people all over the world have for themselves and their family. Now, Vladimir Putin’s aggression have cut you, the Russian people, off from the rest of the world, and it’s taking Russia back to the 19th century. This is not who you are. This is not the future you deserve for your families and your children. I’m telling you the truth, this war is not worthy of you, the Russian people. Putin can and must end this war. The American people will stand with you, and the brave citizens of Ukraine who want peace.

My message to the rest of Europe, this new battle for freedom has already made a few things crystal clear. First, Europe must end its dependence on Russian fossil fuels. And we, the United States will help. [Applause] That’s why just yesterday in Brussels I announced the plan with the president of the European Commission to get Europe through the immediate energy crisis. Over the long-term, as a matter of economic security and national security and for the survivability of the planet, we all need to move as quickly as possible to clean, renewable energy. And we’ll work together to help to get that done so that the days of any nation being subject to the whims of a tyrant for its energy needs are over. They must end. They must end.

And second, we have to fight the corruption coming from the Kremlin to give the Russian people a fair chance. And finally, most urgently, we maintain absolute unity, we must, among the world’s democracies. It’s not enough to speak with rhetorical flourish of ennobling words of democracy, of freedom, of quality, and liberty. All of us, including here in Poland, must do the hard work of democracy each and every day — my country as well. That’s why [applause], that’s why I came to Europe again this week with a clear and determined message for NATO, for the G7, for the European Union, for all freedom-loving nations — we must commit now to be in this fight for the long haul. We must remain unified today and tomorrow and the day after. And for the years and decades to come. It will not be easy. There will be costs. But it is a price we have to pay because the darkness that drives autocracy is ultimately no match for the flame of liberty that lights the souls of free people everywhere.

Time and again history shows that. It’s from the darkness moments that the greatest progress follows. And history shows this is the task of our time, the task of this generation. Let’s remember the hammer blow that brought down the Berlin Wall, the might that lifted the Iron Curtain were not the words of a single leader, it was the people of Europe, who for decades fought to free themselves. Their sheer bravery opened the border between Austria and Hungary for the Pan-European Picnic. They joined hands for the Baltic Way. They stood for solidarity here in Poland. And together it was an unmistakable and undeniable force of the people that the Soviet Union could not withstand. And we’re seeing it once again today for the brave Ukrainian people showing that their power of many is greater than the will of any one dictator.

So in this hour, let the words of Pope John Paul burn as brightly today. Never ever give up hope. Never doubt. Never tire. Never become discouraged. Be not afraid! [Applause]

A dictator bent on rebuilding an empire will never erase a people’s love for liberty. Brutality will never grind down their will to be free. Ukraine will never be a victory for Russia, for free people refuse to live in a world of hopelessness and darkness. We will have a different future, a brighter future, rooted in democracy and principle, hope and light. Of decency and dignity and freedom and possibilities. For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power. God bless you all. And may God defend our freedom, and may God protect our troops. [Applause] Thank you for your patience. Thank you. Thank you.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina, Stati Uniti

Cina, Usa e Formosa. Gli Usa alimentano uno spinoso motivo di confronto.

Sandro Mela.

2022-03-27.

Cina 017

La Cina è ferma nel considerare Formosa parte integrante del proprio territorio nazionale.

Considera serie provocazioni i continui aiuti militari che gli Stati Uniti conferiscono a Formosa.

* * * * * * *

«Washington played with fire again recently by signing another arms deal worth 245 million U.S. dollars with Taiwan, a follow-up to its arms sale plan to the inalienable part of China’s territory»

«Washington’s flagrant move to advance arms sales to and military ties with the region is firmly opposed by China, as it seriously interferes in China’s internal affairs, grossly violates the one-China principle and the provisions of the three China-U.S. joint communiques, and severely undermines China-U.S. relations as well as peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait»

«Washington’s repeated approvals of arms sales to Taiwan represent its habitual and dangerous provocation against China as well as its irresponsible and even hostile attitude towards regional peace and stability»

«Such inconsistency has seriously tarnished Washington’s own political credit and harmed the international reputation of the United States»

«The U.S. politicians in the White House have long been ardent to sell weapons to Taiwan because they hope to use the old cheap trick to contain China’s development»

«The Taiwan question is the most important and sensitive issue in China-U.S. relations and concerns China’s core interests. No provocation or threat would make China budge an inch»

* * * * * * *

Cina. Acre requisitoria agli Stati Uniti che hanno causato il conflitto russo-ukraino.

Cina. Xinhua pubblica un editoriale sugli Stati Uniti. Focalizza inflazione e Midterm.

Nazioni Unite. Cina, India ed Emirati Arabi Uniti si astengono e Russia pone il veto.

Cina. Rifiuta di biasimare la Russia ed incolpa gli Stati Uniti di quanto accade in Ukraina.

Questo editoriale di Xinhua è comparso proprio mentre iniziava il colloquio telefonico tra Mr Xi e Joe Biden.

Non sappiamo prevedere i risultati di questo abboccamento, i risultati veri, ma sembrerebbe essere impossibile che la Cina defletta da questa posizioni.

* * * * * * *


Xinhua Commenta. Washington plays with fire by selling arms to Taiwan.

Washington’s repeated approvals of arms sales to Taiwan represent its habitual and dangerous provocation against China as well as its irresponsible and even hostile attitude towards regional peace and stability, and have sparked widespread concern among the international community.

* * *

Beijing, March 18 (Xinhua) — Washington played with fire again recently by signing another arms deal worth 245 million U.S. dollars with Taiwan, a follow-up to its arms sale plan to the inalienable part of China’s territory in December 2020.

Washington’s flagrant move to advance arms sales to and military ties with the region is firmly opposed by China, as it seriously interferes in China’s internal affairs, grossly violates the one-China principle and the provisions of the three China-U.S. joint communiques, and severely undermines China-U.S. relations as well as peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait.

The recent days have witnessed increasing instability and escalating tensions across the Taiwan Strait, the roots of which lie in Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party authorities’ growing military collusion with external forces to seek “Taiwan independence,” and in Washington’s continuous manipulation of the Taiwan question to suppress China.

Washington’s repeated approvals of arms sales to Taiwan represent its habitual and dangerous provocation against China as well as its irresponsible and even hostile attitude towards regional peace and stability, and have sparked widespread concern among the international community.

“To avoid inflaming tensions in the Taiwan Strait, the U.S. needs to halt sales of weapons to Taiwan,” Trevor Thrall, senior fellow for Washington-based think tank the Cato Institute, wrote in a commentary published on U.S. newspaper Defense News in August 2021, adding that U.S. arms sales are “sure to inflame tensions between Beijing and Washington, increasing the risk of conflict.”

In 1982, China and the United States released the August 17 Communique concerning the issue of U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, in which Washington states that it “intends gradually to reduce its sale of arms to Taiwan.” In the following joint communiques released in 2009 and 2011, Beijing and Washington reaffirmed their respect for each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, and Washington states that it “abides by the principles of the three China-U.S. joint communiques.”

Most recently, Washington has on multiple occasions reiterated its adherence to the one-China policy and pledged not to support Taiwan separatist forces in seeking so-called “independence.”

However, it has brazenly reneged on its own words. Such inconsistency has seriously tarnished Washington’s own political credit and harmed the international reputation of the United States.

Many ordinary people in Taiwan have become well aware of Washington’s sinister intentions behind such arms sales: The U.S. politicians in the White House have long been ardent to sell weapons to Taiwan because they hope to use the old cheap trick to contain China’s development while profiting hugely by playing the “Taiwan card.”

In fact, Washington’s arms sales to Taiwan are just one of the many living proofs of its scheme to make a wartime fortune by inciting confrontations. According to a report published Monday by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, against the backdrop of an overall decline in the global arms trade, U.S. weapons exports rose 14 percent in 2017-2021 compared to the previous five-year period.

The Taiwan question is the most important and sensitive issue in China-U.S. relations and concerns China’s core interests. No provocation or threat would make China budge an inch.

It is high time that Washington recognized the sensitivity and peril of its arms sales to Taiwan, stopped playing the “Taiwan card,” avoided sending more wrong signals to the “Taiwan independence” separatists, and started to handle Taiwan-related issues prudently.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Russia

Russia annuncia la fine della prima fase. Fornisce anche cifre ragionevoli. – Xinhua.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-03-27.

Putin Vladimir 012

«I compiti principali della prima fase dell’operazione militare speciale della Russia in Ucraina sono stati completati in generale»

«Le nostre forze e i nostri mezzi si concentreranno sulla cosa principale: la completa liberazione del Donbass»

«Dall’inizio dell’operazione militare un mese fa, più di 14,000 truppe ucraine sono state uccise e circa 16,000 altre ferite, ha detto Rudskoy»

«Per quanto riguarda la parte russa, 1,351 militari sono stati uccisi e altri 3,825 feriti»

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«The main tasks of the first stage of Russia’s special military operation in Ukraine have been completed in general, the Russian military said Friday»

«The combat potential of the Ukrainian Armed Forces has been significantly reduced»

«Our forces and means will concentrate on the main thing — the complete liberation of Donbass»

«The Ukrainian cities of Kiev, Kharkov, Chernihiv, Sumy and Nikolaev are blocked by Russian troops, while Kherson and most of the Zaporozhye region are under Russia’s full control»

«Since the start of the military operation a month ago, more than 14,000 Ukrainian troops have been killed and about 16,000 others wounded»

«The Ukrainian air forces and air defense systems have been almost completely destroyed»

«The country’s naval forces have ceased to exist»

«As for the Russian side, 1,351 servicemen have been killed and 3,825 others injured»

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No rubli no gas. L’Unione europea tenta una ribellione.

Nuova Grande Depressione. Prezzo pagato alla guerra di Biden alla Russia. – Bloomberg.

Russia sanziona il blocco europeo. Il gas naturale dovrà essere pagato in rubli.

India – Russia accordo per usare rupia e rublo come valute di scambio. – Sfregio a Biden.

Conflitto russo-ukraino. Considerazioni sull’esodo. Un conto approssimativo.

Neon. Conflitto ukraino dimezza la disponibilità. Prezzi +600%. Occidente in crisi.

Enclave liberal occidentale si è spaccata in due. Biden è rimasto solo.

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Diamo atto sia ai russi sia ai cinesi di saper essere concisi e di attenersi sempre ai fatti.

A questa sobrietà fa riscontro la verbosa prolissità dei media liberal occidentali, tesi a riportare le emozioni di casi particolari assunti come se fossero di generale portata. Per non parlare poi delle cifre iperboliche e dei processi alle riferite intenzioni. Adesso segnalano di continuo l’uso di sostanze chimiche, esattamente come fecero venti anni or sono con l’Iraq.

Le cifre di 14,000 truppe ucraine uccise e le perdite di 1,351 militari russi sembrerebbero essere del tutto verosimili

Si tenga infine presente che l’occidente si è rinchiuso in un ghetto autoreferenziale, del quale la Russia può fare tranquillamente a meno: può semplicemente ignorarlo.

Mentre, al contrario, l’occidente non può ignorare la carenza delle materie russe ed ukraine, l’export delle quali è stato sanzionato.

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Russia announces completion of 1st stage of military operation in Ukraine

Moscow, March 25 (Xinhua) — The main tasks of the first stage of Russia’s special military operation in Ukraine have been completed in general, the Russian military said Friday.

“The combat potential of the Ukrainian Armed Forces has been significantly reduced,” said Sergei Rudskoy, first deputy chief of the General Staff of the Russian Armed Forces.

“Our forces and means will concentrate on the main thing — the complete liberation of Donbass,” he said.

The Ukrainian cities of Kiev, Kharkov, Chernihiv, Sumy and Nikolaev are blocked by Russian troops, while Kherson and most of the Zaporozhye region are under Russia’s full control, Rudskoy said.

Since the start of the military operation a month ago, more than 14,000 Ukrainian troops have been killed and about 16,000 others wounded, said Rudskoy.

“The Ukrainian air forces and air defense systems have been almost completely destroyed. The country’s naval forces have ceased to exist,” Rudskoy told reporters.

As for the Russian side, 1,351 servicemen have been killed and 3,825 others injured, he said.

“I want to emphasize that the special military operation is being carried out strictly according to the approved plan,” Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said. ■