Pubblicato in: Cina, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Cina. 2021Q1-Q2-Q3. Situazione del sistema economico ragionevolmente buona.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-21.

Cina. The_Great_Hall_of_the_People

                         In sintesi.

Cina. Sept21. Vendite al dettaglio in Cina negli ultimi 12 mesi+16.37%

Cina. Sept21. Investimenti in fixed assets Annuale+7.3%

Cina. Sept21. Pil, Prodotto Interno Lordo, Annual2 +4.9%.

Cina. Sept21. Pil, Prodotto Interno Lordo, ultimi 12 mesi 9.8%.

Cina. Sept21. Produzione Industriale Annuale +3.1%.

Cina. Sept21. Produzione industriale cinese annuale, degli ultimi 12 mesi +11.8%.

Cina. Sept21. Produzione Industriale Profitti +49.5%.

Cina. Sept21. Vendite al dettaglio, Annuale +4.4%.

Cina. Sept21. Vendite al dettaglio, ultimi 12 mesi +16.37%.

Cina. Sept21. Imports 17.6%

Cina. Sept21. Exports 28.1%.

Cina. Sept21. Saldo della bilancia commerciale 66.76 miliardi Usd.

Cina. Sept21. Tasso di disoccupazione 4.9%.

* * * * * * *

«As a result, the national economy sustained its recovery and development with all major macro economic indicators falling in the reasonable range»

La situazione economica cinese apparirebbe essere ragionevolmente solida ed in costante crescita, nonostante il fatto che quasi tutto il mondo versi in una situazione di stagflazione che i prezzi delle materie prime siano in costante crescita, specie quelle energetiche, e che la catena degli approvvigionamenti presenti vistose incrinature.

* * * * * * *


National Bureau of Statistics of China. The Overall National Economy Maintained the Recovery Momentum in the First Three Quarters.

In the first three quarters, faced with complicated and severe environment both at home and abroad, under the strong leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, all regions and departments strictly implemented the decisions and arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, coordinated both the epidemic prevention and control and the economic and social development in a scientific manner, enhanced cross-cyclical adjustment of macro policies and effectively responded to multiple tests of epidemic and floods. As a result, the national economy sustained its recovery and development with all major macro economic indicators falling in the reasonable range. The overall social situation was harmonious and stable with generally stable employment, increased residents’ income, balanced international payments, adjusted and optimized economic structure and steadily improved quality and efficiency.

According to the preliminary estimates, the gross domestic product (GDP) in the first three quarters reached 82,313.1 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 9.8 percent at comparable prices, with an average two-year growth of 5.2 percent, 0.1 percentage point lower than the average two-year growth of the first half year. By quarter, the GDP for the first quarter increased by 18.3 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 5.0 percent; for the second quarter 7.9 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 5.5 percent; and for the third quarter 4.9 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 4.9 percent. By industry, for the first three quarters, the value added of the primary industry was 5,143.0 billion yuan, up by 7.4 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 4.8 percent; that of the secondary industry was 32,094.0 billion yuan, up by 10.6 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 5.7 percent; and that of the tertiary industry was 45,076.1 billion yuan, up by 9.5 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 4.9 percent. The quarter-on-quarter GDP for the third quarter increased by 0.2 percent.

  1. Agricultural Production Showed Good Momentum and Production of Animal Husbandry Grew Fast.

In the first three quarters, the value added of agriculture (crop farming) went up by 3.4 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 3.6 percent. The total output of summer grain and early rice totaled 173.84 million tons (347.7 billion jin), 3.69 million tons (7.4 billion jin) higher than that of last year, up by 2.2 percent. The sown area for autumn grain was stable with an increase. Of the total, the sown area for corn increased considerably; major crops for autumn grain grew well and another bumper harvest is expected for the year. In the first three quarters, the output of pork, beef, mutton and poultry was 64.28 million tons, up by 22.4 percent year on year. Specifically, the output of pork, beef, mutton and poultry was up by 38.0 percent, 5.3 percent, 3.9 percent and 3.8 percent year on year respectively; that of milk went up by 8.0 percent year on year and eggs down by 2.4 percent. At the end of the third quarter, the number of pigs registered in stock was 437.64 million, up by 18.2 percent year on year, among which 44.59 million were breeding sows, up by 16.7 percent.

  1. Industrial Production Continued to Grow and Business Efficiency Improved Steadily.

In the first three quarters, the total value added of industrial enterprises above the designated size grew by 11.8 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 6.4 percent. In September, the total value added of industrial enterprises above the designated size increased by 3.1 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 5.0 percent; or up by 0.05 percent month on month. In terms of sectors, in the first three quarters, the value added of mining increased by 4.7 percent year on year; that of manufacturing increased by 12.5 percent; and the production and supply of electricity, thermal power, gas and water increased by 12.0 percent. The value added of high-tech manufacturing went up by 20.1 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 12.8 percent. In terms of products, the production of new-energy automobiles, industrial robots and integrated circuits increased by 172.5 percent, 57.8 percent and 43.1 percent year on year respectively, with the average two-year growths all exceeding 28 percent. An analysis by types of ownership showed that in the first three quarters, the value added of state holding enterprises was up by 9.6 percent year on year; that of share-holding enterprises up by 12.0 percent; that of enterprises funded by foreign investors or investors from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan up by 11.6 percent; and that of private enterprises up by 13.1 percent. In September, the Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) stood at 49.6 percent, of which the PMI of high-tech manufacturing was 54.0 percent, 0.3 percentage point higher than that of last month; the Production and Operation Expectation Index was 56.4 percent.

In the first eight months, the total profits made by industrial enterprises above the designated size totaled 5,605.1 billion yuan, up by 49.5 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 19.5 percent; the profit rate of the business revenue of industrial enterprises above the designated size was 7.01 percent, 1.20 percentage points higher than last year.

  1. Service Sector Recovered Steadily and Modern Service Industries Grew Well.

 The first three quarters witnessed a steady recovery of the tertiary industry. Specifically, in the first three quarters, the value added of information transmission, software and information technology services and transportation, storage and postal services increased by 19.3 percent and 15.3 percent year on year respectively, with an average two-year growth of 17.6 percent and 6.2 percent respectively. In September, the Index of Services Production grew by 5.2 percent year on year, 0.4 percentage point higher than that in August; or an average two-year growth of 5.3 percent, 0.9 percentage point higher. In the first eight months, the business revenue of service enterprises above the designated size grew by 25.6 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 10.7 percent.

In September, the Business Activity Index for Services stood at 52.4 percent, 7.2 percentage points higher than that in August. Specifically, the Business Activity Index for railway transportation, air transportation, accommodation, catering, ecological protection and environment treatment, those hit hard by the epidemic and flood in August, all rebounded significantly to the level above the threshold. From the perspective of market expectation, the Business Activity Expectation Index for services stood at 58.9 percent, 1.6 percentage points higher than that of last month. Of the total, the Business Activity Expectation Index for sectors like railway transportation, air transportation and express mail service exceeds 65.0 percent.

  1. Market Sales Continued to Grow with Sales of Upgraded Goods and Basic Living Goods Increasing Fast.

In the first three quarter, the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 31,805.7 billion yuan, up by 16.4 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 3.9 percent. In September, the total retail sales of consumer goods was 3,683.3 billion yuan, up by 4.4 percent year on year, 1.9 percentage points higher than that in August; an average two-year growth of 3.8 percent, 2.3 percentage points higher than that in August; the month-on-month growth was 0.30 percent. Analyzed by different areas, for the first three quarters, the retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas reached 27,588.8 billion yuan, up by 16.5 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 3.9 percent; and that in rural areas rose by 15.6 percent year on year to 4,216.9 billion yuan, with an average two-year growth of 3.8 percent. Grouped by consumption patterns, for the first three quarters, the retail sales of goods were 28,530.7 billion yuan, up by 15.0 percent year on year, or an average two-year growth of 4.5 percent; and the revenue of catering was 3,275.0 billion yuan, up by 29.8 percent year on year, or an average two-year decline of 0.6 percent. Grouped by categories, the retail sales of gold, silver and jewelry, sports and recreational articles, cultural and office supplies and other upgraded consumer goods by enterprises above the designated size went up by 41.6 percent, 28.6 percent and 21.7 percent year on year respectively; that of basic goods like beverage, clothes, shoes, hats, and textiles and daily necessities went up by 23.4 percent, 20.6 percent and 16.0 percent year on year respectively. The online retail sales of the first three quarters reached 9,187.1 billion yuan, up by 18.5 percent year on year. Specifically, the online retail sales of physical goods totaled 7,504.2 billion yuan, up by 15.2 percent year on year, accounting for 23.6 percent of the total retail sales of consumer goods.

  1. Investment in Fixed Assets Scaled up and Investment in High-tech Industries and Social Sector Grew Fast.

In the first three quarters, the investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) reached 39,782.7 billion yuan, up by 7.3 percent over that of last year, with an average two-year growth of 3.8 percent; the month-on-month growth in September was 0.17 percent. Specifically, the investment in infrastructure in the first three quarters was up by 1.5 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 0.4 percent;manufacturing up by 14.8 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 3.3 percent; and real estate development up by 8.8 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 7.2 percent. The floor space of commercial buildings sold reached 1,303.32 million square meters, up by 11.3 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 4.6 percent. The total sales of commercial buildings were 13,479.5 billion yuan, up by 16.6 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 10.0 percent. By industries, in the first three quarters, the investment in the primary industry went up by 14.0 percent year on year; that in the secondary industry up by 12.2 percent year on year; and that in the tertiary industry grew by 5.0 percent year on year. The private investment went up by 9.8 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 3.7 percent. The investment in high-tech industries grew by 18.7 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 13.8 percent. Specifically, the investment in high-tech manufacturing and high-tech services grew by 25.4 percent and 6.6 percent year on year respectively. In terms of high-tech manufacturing, the investment in manufacturing of computers and office devices and in manufacturing of aerospace vehicle and equipment grew by 40.8 percent and 38.5 percent year on year respectively. In terms of high-tech services, the investment in E-commerce services and in testing services went up by 43.8 percent and 23.7 percent year on year respectively. The investment in social sectors went up by 11.8 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 10.5 percent. Specifically, the investment in health and education went up by 31.4 percent and 10.4 percent year on year respectively.

  1. Imports and Exports of Goods Grew Fast and Trade Structure Continued to Improve.

In the first three quarters, the total value of imports and exports of goods was 28,326.4 billion yuan, up by 22.7 percent year on year. Specifically, the value of exports was 15,547.7 billion yuan, up by 22.7 percent and the value of imports was 12,778.7 billion yuan, up by 22.6 percent. The trade balance was 2,769.1 billion yuan in surplus. In September, the total value of imports and exports of goods was 3,532.9 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 15.4 percent. Specifically, the value of exports was 1,983.0 billion yuan, up by 19.9 percent; that of imports was 1,549.8 billion yuan, up by 10.1 percent. In the first three quarters, the exports of mechanical and electrical products grew by 23 percent year on year, 0.3 percentage point higher than the overall export growth rate, accounting for 58.8 percent of the total value of exports. The imports and exports of general trade accounted for 61.8 percent of the total value of imports and exports, 1.4 percentage points higher than the same period last year. The imports and exports by private enterprises grew by 28.5 percent year on year, accounting for 48.2 percent of the total value of imports and exports.

  1. Consumer Price Went up Mildly and Increase of Producer Prices for Industrial Products Expanded.

In the first three quarters, the consumer price (CPI) went up by 0.6 percent year on year, 0.1 percentage point higher than that in the first half of this year. Specifically, in September, the consumer price went up by 0.7 percent year on year, 0.1 percentage point lower than that in August; the same as August month on month. In the first three quarters, the consumer price rose by 0.7 percent in urban areas and up by 0.4 percent in rural areas. Grouped by commodity categories, in the first three quarters, prices for food, tobacco and alcohol went down by 0.5 percent year on year; clothing up by 0.2 percent; housing up by 0.6 percent; articles and services for daily use up by 0.2 percent; transportation and communication up by 3.3 percent; education, culture and recreation up by 1.6 percent; medical services and health care up by 0.3 percent; other articles and services down by 1.6 percent. Among the prices for food, tobacco and alcohol, the prices for pork went down by 28.0 percent, grain up by 1.0 percent, fresh vegetables up by 1.3 percent and fresh fruits up by 2.7 percent. Core CPI of the first three quarters excluding the price of food and energy went up by 0.7 percent, an increase expanded by 0.3 percentage point compared with that of the first half of this year.

In the first three quarters, the producer prices for industrial products went up by 6.7 percent, an increase expanded by 1.6 percentage points than that of the first half of this year. Specifically, the prices in September went up by 10.7 percent year on year, or up by 1.2 percent month on month. In the first three quarters, the purchasing prices for industrial producers went up by 9.3 percent year on year, an increase expanded by 2.2 percentage points than that of the first half of this year. Specifically, the prices in September went up by 14.3 percent, or up by 1.1 percent month on month.

  1. Employment Was Basically Stable and Urban Surveyed Unemployment Rate Was Stable with Moderate Decline.

In the first three quarters, the newly increased employed people in urban areas totaled 10.45 million, achieving 95.0 percent of the annual target. In September, the urban surveyed unemployment rate was 4.9 percent, 0.2 percentage point lower than August and 0.5 percentage point lower than the same period last year. The surveyed unemployment rate of population with local household registration was 5.0 percent and that of population with non-local household registration was 4.8 percent. The surveyed unemployment rates of the population aged from 16 to 24 and from 25 to 59 were 14.6 percent and 4.2 percent respectively. The urban surveyed unemployment rate in 31 major cities was 5.0 percent, 0.3 percentage point lower than August. The employees of enterprises worked 47.8 hours per week on average, up by 0.3 hour compared with that in August. At the end of the third quarter, the number of rural migrant workers totaled 183.03 million, up by 0.7 million compared with that at the end of the second quarter.

  1. Residents’ Income Grew in Tandem with the Economy and Urban-Rural Per Capita Income Ratio Narrowed.

In the first three quarters, the nationwide per capita disposable income of residents was 26,265 yuan, a nominal increase of 10.4 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 7.1 percent, or a real increase of 9.7 percent year on year after deducting price factors, with an average two-year growth of 5.1 percent, which was generally at the same pace as the growth of economy. In terms of permanent residence, the per capita disposable income of urban households was 35,946 yuan, a nominal increase of 9.5 percent year on year and a real increase of 8.7 percent; the per capita disposable income of rural households was 13,726 yuan, a nominal increase of 11.6 percent year on year and a real increase of 11.2 percent. By sources of income, the net income from wages and salary, net business income, net property income and net transfer income saw a year-on-year growth of 10.6 percent, 12.4 percent, 11.4 percent and 7.9 percent in nominal terms respectively. The per capita disposable income of urban households was 2.62 times that of the rural households, 0.05 less than the same period last year. The median of the nationwide per capita disposable income was 22,157 yuan, a nominal increase of 8.0 percent year on year.

Generally speaking, the overall national economy maintained the recovery momentum in the first three quarters with steady progress in economic restructuring and new advancement of high-quality development. However, we must note that the current international environment uncertainties are mounting and the domestic economic recovery is still unstable and uneven. At the next stage, we must take Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as the guideline, implement the decisions and arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, adhere to the general working guideline of making progress while maintaining stability, fully and faithfully implement the new development philosophy on all fronts, expedite the building of a new development pattern, carry out the routine epidemic prevention and control, strengthen cross-cyclical adjustment of macro policies, make efforts to promote sustained and healthy economic development, focus on deepening the reform and opening-up and innovation, continuously stimulate market vitality, strengthen development momentum and unleash the potential of domestic demand, so as to maintain the economy operating within the proper range and fulfil the major annual targets and tasks for the economic and social development.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina

Cina. Settembre21. Imports +17.6%, Exports +28.1%, Saldo +66.76 mld Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-19.

2021-10-13__ Cina Import 001

Riportiamo questo astioso e livoroso articolo di Reuters, che cola bile incandescente come lava vulcanica. Odiano i cinesi quasi peggio di quanto odino i repubblicani.

Ma il lato davvero ridicolo è che nel furor scrittorio l’autore non aveva preventivamente letto gli ultimi accadimenti cinesi.

Cina. Silura ed affonda con scherno COP26. Costruirà nuove centrali a carbone e petrolio.

Non c’è nulla da dire: il liberal non hanno il senso dello humour.

* * * * * * *

«China posts robust September exports despite power crunch»

«China’s export growth unexpectedly accelerated in September, as still solid global demand offset some of the pressures on factories from power shortages, supply bottlenecks»

«Outbound shipments in September jumped 28.1% from a year earlier, up from a 25.6% gain in August. Analysts polled by Reuters had forecast growth would ease to 21%»

«Exports have continued to outperform and accelerate, even after omitting the impact of base effects»

«China’s September imports rose 17.6%, lagging an expected 20% gain in a Reuters poll and 33.1% growth the previous month»

«The volume of coal imports in September rose to their highest this year as power plants scrambled for fuel to boost electricity generation to ease the power crunch and replenish inventories ahead of the winter heating season»

«Natural gas imports in September also rose to their highest since January this year»

«China posted a trade surplus of $66.76 billion in September, versus the poll’s forecast for a $46.8 billion surplus and $58.34 billion surplus in August»

* * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile e guardando soltanto i dati disponibili.

Se la Cina ha un export incrementato del 28.1%, ciò significa che ha prima prodotto i beni che poi ha esportato.

Quindi, la produzione industriale cinese è ben integra, anzi, sta crescendo, se no non avrebbe potuto esportare di più.

«unexpectedly»

Inatteso per i liberal, ma ben atteso da parte di chiunque ragioni senza paraocchi.

I media liberal si lagnano dell’alto costo del carbone, ma l’America non produce mentre anche la Cina sopporta gli alti prezzi e produce.

Se è vero che la rottura delle catene di approvvigionamento hanno gravato sulla la produzione americana, sarebbe altrettanto vero che anche la Cina ha lo stesso identico problema, ma continua a produrre ed ad esportare.

Se è vero che l’alto costo dei noli ha bloccato la produzione americana, sarebbe altrettanto vero che anche la Cina subisce quei costi, ma continua a produrre ed ad esportare.

Ricordiamo infine come la Cina abbia aumentato produzione ed export verso un mondo travagliato dalla stagflazione, segno questo di quanto le sue merci siano strategiche per gli acquirenti.

Sarebbe anche l’ora che i liberal la smettessero di cercare capri espiatori dei loro sempre più vistosi insuccessi.

* * * * * * *

China posts robust September exports despite power crunch.

Outbound shipments jump 28.1% from year earlier, up from 25.6% gain in August.

Beijing (Reuters) — China’s export growth unexpectedly accelerated in September, as still solid global demand offset some of the pressures on factories from power shortages, supply bottlenecks and a resurgence of domestic COVID-19 cases.

The world’s second-largest economy has staged an impressive rebound from the pandemic but there are signs the recovery is losing steam. Resilient exports could provide a buffer against growing headwinds including weakening factory activity, persistently soft consumption and a slowing property sector.

Outbound shipments in September jumped 28.1% from a year earlier, up from a 25.6% gain in August. Analysts polled by Reuters had forecast growth would ease to 21%.

“Exports have continued to outperform and accelerate, even after omitting the impact of base effects,” said Erin Xin, Greater China economist at HSBC, adding that earlier shipments of holiday consumer products in light of global supply chain disruptions may be behind the continued strength in exports.

Other analysts said power rationing in September may not have affected exports yet, but could constrain production and inflate costs for Chinese manufacturers in the months to come.

Power shortages caused by a transition to clean energy, strong industrial demand and high commodity prices, have halted production at numerous factories including many supplying firms such as Apple and Tesla since late September.

Factories in eastern provinces of Guangdong and Zhejiang, both major export powerhouse, have been asked to stagger their production throughout the week, as many owners complain about the chaos the curbs have brought to work schedules.

Previously, factories could operate at night but now the ban is 24 hours on days of rationing, said King Lau, who helps manage a metal-coating factory in the export city of Dongguan. The factory was asked to stop using government electricity on three working days this week.

However, Louis Kuijs, head of Asia economics at Oxford Economics is optimistic the export outlook in the coming quarters remains solid, despite near-term headwinds.

“We generally expect these disruptions to ease over the coming months, as we expect senior policymakers to stress growth and to call for the pursuit of climate targets on a more measured timeline.”

“Further out, we think exports should be underpinned by the ongoing global economic recovery and a gradual easing of global supply-chain disruptions next year.”

Recent data has pointed to a slowdown in production activity. China’s manufacturing PMI unexpectedly shrank in September as industrial firms battled with rising costs and electricity rationing.

Furthermore, the property sector, a key driver of growth, is reeling from the increasing defaults of Chinese developers, with real estate sales tumbling and new construction starts slowing.

China’s September imports rose 17.6%, lagging an expected 20% gain in a Reuters poll and 33.1% growth the previous month.

“The breakdown showed a broad-based decline across all good types, though it was particularly pronounced for inbound shipments of semiconductors,” said Julian Evans-Pritchard, senior China economist at Capital Economics.

“Lower import volumes of industrial metals add to evidence that environmental curbs and cooling construction activity are weighing on heavy industry.”

However, China’s energy demand is rapidly rising.

The volume of coal imports in September rose to their highest this year as power plants scrambled for fuel to boost electricity generation to ease the power crunch and replenish inventories ahead of the winter heating season.

Natural gas imports in September also rose to their highest since January this year.

China posted a trade surplus of $66.76 billion in September, versus the poll’s forecast for a $46.8 billion surplus and $58.34 billion surplus in August.

Many analysts are expecting the central bank to inject more stimulus by cutting the amount of cash banks must hold as reserves later this year to help small and medium-sized enterprises.

China’s trade surplus with the United States rose to $42 billion, Reuters calculations based on the customs data showed, up from $37.68 billion in August.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Cina

Cina. Testato un missile atomico ipersonico suborbitale. Usa colti di sorpresa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-19.

bomba_atomica_

«La Cina ha provato di recente non un missile ipersonico, ma un veicolo spaziale. Il portavoce del ministero degli Esteri Zhao Lijian, in risposta a quanto riportato ieri dal Financial Times su un sospetto test di agosto che ha sorpreso l’intelligence Usa, ha affermato che la vicenda ha riguardato “una prova di routine di un veicolo spaziale per verificare la tecnologia riutilizzabile del veicolo spaziale. …. la Cina collaborerà con altri Paesi del mondo per l’uso pacifico dello spazio a beneficio dell’umanità» [Fonte]

* * *

Per apprezzare questo scritto, sarebbe opportuno leggere con cura l’articolo del Financial Times, ricco di particolari tecnici e di informazioni quanto mai precise e dettagliate. Tutte inventate?

E che dire delle dichiarazioni rese dai funzionari dell’Intelligence americana? Tutte allucinazioni?

Una unica considerazione.

Mr Zhao Lijian è un oscuro portavoce del ministero degli Esteri.

Ci si domanda come si sia avuto l’ardire di dire che la Cina stesse testando una diabolica arma da guerra, un Paese che “collaborerà con altri Paesi del mondo per l’uso pacifico dello spazio a beneficio dell’umanità“. Sono dei veri filantropi.

È notorio come i missili cinesi non siano strumenti bellici, bensì modestissimi razzi anti-grandine.

* * * * * * *

* * * * * * *


«China tests new space capability with hypersonic missile»

«Launch in August of nuclear-capable rocket that circled the globe took US intelligence by surprise»

«China tested a nuclear-capable hypersonic missile in August that circled the globe before speeding towards its target, demonstrating an advanced space capability that caught US intelligence by surprise»

«The missile missed its target by about two-dozen miles, according to three people briefed on the intelligence»

«→→ The test showed that China had made astounding progress on hypersonic weapons and was far more advanced than US officials realised ←←»

«→→ We have no idea how they did this ←←»

«But they do not follow the fixed parabolic trajectory of a ballistic missile and are manoeuvrable, making them harder to track»

«a hypersonic glide vehicle armed with a nuclear warhead could help China “negate” US missile defence systems which are designed to destroy incoming ballistic missiles»

«Hypersonic glide vehicles . . . fly at lower trajectories and can manoeuvre in flight, which makes them hard to track and destroy»

«Tensions between the US and China have risen as the Biden administration has taken a tough tack on Beijing, which has accused Washington of being overly hostile»

«China had made huge advances, including the “potential for global strikes . . . from space»

«→→ the Chinese test said the weapon could, in theory, fly over the South Pole. That would pose a big challenge for the US military because its missiles defence systems are focused on the northern polar route ←←»

«the weapon was being developed by the China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics»

* * * * * * *

Usa. Biden. La Cnn accusa l’Amministrazione delle femmine di mancanza di ‘competenza’.

Russia. Nuovi o perfezionati missili ipersonici. Kh-47M2 Kinzhal e 3M22 Zircon.

Cina. I lanciatori dei missili ipersonici DF-17 sono diventati stealth.

Russia. Pantsir-S1. Accidenti se funzionano bene questi missili!

Russia. I missili intercontinentali ipersonici Avangard sono operativi.

Cina. Sottomarini atomici e relativi missili. Punto della situazione.

* * * * * * *

Nell’immaginario collettivo americano i cinesi starebbero intessendo giunchi per farne canestri da esportare come cineserie, struttura prossima al default, tecnologicamente all’età della pietra e totalmente dipendente dall’occidente per l’alta tecnologia.

Poi, ogni tanto, cozzano con la realtà dei fatti. Questo sistema missilistico è totalmente stato concepito e realizzato in Cina, con tecnologie proprie.

Queste affermazioni sono stupefacenti:

«advanced space capability that caught US intelligence by surprise»

«China had made astounding progress on hypersonic weapons and was far more advanced than US officials realised»

Servizi informativi ‘colti di sorpresa’ sono inutili, per non dire dannosi.

Nella realtà dei fatti i cinesi stanno più che bene e guidano adesso l’alta tecnologia.

Una volta messo a punto, questo sistema missilistico risulterebbe essere non individuabile e non intercettabile da parte della difesa antimissile americana.

Non solo.

Potendo orbitare sul Polo Sud, sarebbe in grado di attaccare gli Stati Uniti bypassando la rete radar di avvistamento, che al momento è quasi totalmente dispiegata a nord. Sarebbe come penetrare nel burro.

Anche gli equilibri atomici stanno mutando molto rapidamente: se ne prenda atto.

* * * * * * *


China tests new space capability with hypersonic missile.

Launch in August of nuclear-capable rocket that circled the globe took US intelligence by surprise.

China tested a nuclear-capable hypersonic missile in August that circled the globe before speeding towards its target, demonstrating an advanced space capability that caught US intelligence by surprise.

Five people familiar with the test said the Chinese military launched a rocket that carried a hypersonic glide vehicle which flew through low-orbit space before cruising down towards its target.

The missile missed its target by about two-dozen miles, according to three people briefed on the intelligence. But two said the test showed that China had made astounding progress on hypersonic weapons and was far more advanced than US officials realised.

The test has raised new questions about why the US often underestimated China’s military modernisation. “We have no idea how they did this,” said a fourth person.

The US, Russia and China are all developing hypersonic weapons, including glide vehicles that are launched into space on a rocket but orbit the earth under their own momentum. They fly at five times the speed of sound, slower than a ballistic missile. But they do not follow the fixed parabolic trajectory of a ballistic missile and are manoeuvrable, making them harder to track.

Taylor Fravel, an expert on Chinese nuclear weapons policy who was unaware of the test, said a hypersonic glide vehicle armed with a nuclear warhead could help China “negate” US missile defence systems which are designed to destroy incoming ballistic missiles.

“Hypersonic glide vehicles . . . fly at lower trajectories and can manoeuvre in flight, which makes them hard to track and destroy,” said Fravel, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Fravel added that it would be “destabilising” if China fully developed and deployed such a weapon, but he cautioned that a test did not necessarily mean that Beijing would deploy the capability.

Mounting concern about China’s nuclear capabilities comes as Beijing continues to build up its conventional military forces and engages in increasingly assertive military activity near Taiwan.

Tensions between the US and China have risen as the Biden administration has taken a tough tack on Beijing, which has accused Washington of being overly hostile.

US military officials in recent months have warned about China’s growing nuclear capabilities, particularly after the release of satellite imagery that showed it was building more than 200 intercontinental missile silos. China is not bound by any arms-control deals and has been unwilling to engage the US in talks about its nuclear arsenal and policy.

Last month, Frank Kendall, US air force secretary, hinted that Beijing was developing a new weapon. He said China had made huge advances, including the “potential for global strikes . . . from space”. He declined to provide details, but suggested that China was developing something akin to the “Fractional Orbital Bombardment System” that the USSR deployed for part of the Cold War, before abandoning it.

“If you use that kind of an approach, you don’t have to use a traditional ICBM trajectory. It’s a way to avoid defences and missile warning systems,” said Kendall.

In August, General Glen VanHerck, head of North American Aerospace Defense Command, told a conference that China had “recently demonstrated very advanced hypersonic glide vehicle capabilities”. He warned that the Chinese capability would “provide significant challenges to my Norad capability to provide threat warning and attack assessment”.

Two of the people familiar with the Chinese test said the weapon could, in theory, fly over the South Pole. That would pose a big challenge for the US military because its missiles defence systems are focused on the northern polar route.

The revelation comes as the Biden administration undertakes the Nuclear Posture Review, an analysis of policy and capabilities mandated by Congress that has pitted arms-control advocates against those who believe the US must do more to modernise its nuclear arsenal because of China.

The Pentagon did not comment on the report but expressed concern about China. “We have made clear our concerns about the military capabilities China continues to pursue, capabilities that only increase tensions in the region and beyond,” said John Kirby, spokesperson. “That is one reason why we hold China as our number one pacing challenge.”

The Chinese embassy declined to comment on the test, but Liu Pengyu, spokesperson, said China always pursued a military policy that was “defensive in nature” and its military development did not target any country.

“We don’t have a global strategy and plans of military operations like the US does. And we are not at all interested in having an arms race with other countries,” Liu said. “In contrast, the US has in recent years been fabricating excuses like ‘the China threat’ to justify its arms expansion and development of hypersonic weapons. This has directly intensified arms race in this category and severely undermined global strategic stability.”

One Asian national security official said the Chinese military conducted the test in August. China generally announces the launch of Long March rockets — the type used to launch the hypersonic glide vehicle into orbit — but it conspicuously concealed the August launch.

The security official, and another Chinese security expert close to the People’s Liberation Army, said the weapon was being developed by the China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics. CAAA is a research institute under China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, the main state-owned firm that makes missile systems and rockets for China’s space programme.

Both sources said the hypersonic glide vehicle was launched on a Long March rocket, which is used for the space programme. The China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology, which oversees launches, on July 19 said on an official social media account that it had launched a Long March 2C rocket, which it added was the 77th launch of that rocket. On August 24, it announced that it had conducted a 79th flight. But there was no announcement of a 78th launch, which sparked speculation among observers of its space programme about a secret launch. CAAA did not respond to requests for comment.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Mercedes-Benz fa fagotto e si trasferisce in Cina, che chiama ‘nuova Patria’

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-18.

denaro-in-fuga-001

La Acea aveva pubblicato che le immatricolazioni automobilistiche in Germania al 16 settembre avevano subito una contrazione del -23.0%.

Lo scorso anno, nonostante la pandemia, la Mercedes-Benz aveva prodotto e venduto 774,000 autovetture in Cina, contro le 286,000 in Germania e le 275,000 negli Stati Uniti.

Questi dati spiegano ottimamente il perché Mercedes-Benz si trasferisca a Shanghai.

Ma soprattutto la Mercedes-Benz fugge da una enclave liberal socialista che demonizza l’industria e la trazione su gomme, tutta presa esclusivamente dalle auto elettriche.

In Cina ha trovato finalmente la libertà operativa.

* * * * * * *

«Mercedes-Benz, the German company founded by the inventors of the motor car, is pouring more resources into its cutting-edge research and design capabilities in China as the centre of gravity of the new auto world shifts eastwards»

«In a drive to create a “home away from home”, Mercedes-Benz is doubling down on bases in Beijing and Shanghai to stay ahead of regulations and consumer trends in a car market that outstrips the United States and Germany combined»

«Three years after initially announcing plans to strengthen its research and development (R&D) in the country, the luxury car brand owned by Daimler  will unveil its new Tech Center China in Beijing this month»

«With 1,000 engineers, the new tech centre is more than three times the size of the one Mercedes-Benz opened in 2014 and the first outside Germany that can test “everything”, putting it more “on par” technically with the far bigger R&D headquarters near Stuttgart»

«Mercedes-Benz has also invested significantly in upgrading its Chinese design studio and has moved the whole team from Beijing to Shanghai, a megalopolis of about 25 million people known as the car design capital of China»

«→→ Mercedes-Benz has good reason to elevate its Chinese operations.

Its car sales in China jumped 12% last year to a record 774,000 despite the pandemic, streets ahead of its next two markets, Germany on 286,000 and the United States with 275,000 ←←»

«About 80% of the cars it sold in China were also made there, typically with an array of China-only features and models, and Asia overall accounted for almost half its global sales in 2021»

«The expectations in China are for the in-car experience to be served by a localised digital services ecosystem, and such solutions must be conceived and built by people that live in China and truly understand the mobile internet»

«Mercedes-Benz customers in China are 36 years old on average – roughly 20 years younger than in Germany – and are more tech-savvy»

«Mercedes has spent 1.1 billion yuan ($170 million) upgrading the centre, with much of the investment ensuring it can do an array of testing locally – rather send new technologies back to the Sindelfingen headquarters in Germany»

«a sharper focus on the customer in China in recent years is already paying off. A drive to create China-only colours led to research into the preferences of younger luxury goods buyers»

«Moving the studio to Shanghai was partly driven by the need to significantly speed up the design process by making it more digital, as most virtual model-making vendors are based there»

«Besides, Shanghai is a lot easier a place to recruit design talent»

«Daimler’s drive to strengthen its technology development in China also comes at a time when the cost of failing to be in step with Beijing policymakers has never been higher»

«If you respond to change after policies and regulation kick in, it’s too late»

«We started developing those self-drive technologies including V2X to be in compliance with the new law and did so well before new regulation kicks in»

* * * * * * *

BlackRock. Lancia in Cina un fondo andato a ruba in pochi giorni. Dura condanna di Soros.

BlackRock. Gli assets hanno passato i 9.5 trilioni di dollari. Da quando è in Cina.

Cina. Luglio21. Investimenti diretti esteri aumentati del 25% sul luglio20.

Cina. 2020. Investimenti esteri +81% YoY. Superano quelli negli Usa.

Cina. Agosto21. Esportazioni salite del 25.6% su agosto20. Per fortuna era ‘male in arnese’.

Cina. Il 60% delle imprese europee fugge da casa e sta investendo lì. – Bloomberg.

* * *

I media liberal socialisti occidentali si affanno a dipingere la Cina come una mostruosità repressiva e sull’orlo del fallimento.

Se lo dicono loro, allora è vero l’esatto contrario.

Diciamolo pure francamente: in un mondo travagliato dalla stagflazione se la sta cavando egregiamente e continua ad attrarre persone ed imprese che vanno a stabilirsi sul suo territorio.

* * * * * * *


Home from home: Mercedes-Benz doubles down on China.

                         Summary.

– Mercedes-Benz to unveil new China tech centre this month

– Germany automaker making China a ‘home away from home’

– Foreign automakers under pressure from Chinese startups

– Mercedes-Benz moves all its designers in China to Shanghai

* * * * * * *

Beijing/Shanghai, Oct 11 (Reuters) – Mercedes-Benz, the German company founded by the inventors of the motor car, is pouring more resources into its cutting-edge research and design capabilities in China as the centre of gravity of the new auto world shifts eastwards.

In a drive to create a “home away from home”, Mercedes-Benz is doubling down on bases in Beijing and Shanghai to stay ahead of regulations and consumer trends in a car market that outstrips the United States and Germany combined.

Three years after initially announcing plans to strengthen its research and development (R&D) in the country, the luxury car brand owned by Daimler  will unveil its new Tech Center China in Beijing this month.

Reuters has spoken to four people close to the tech centre and the brand’s Chinese design studio who are familiar with the company’s new China strategy. All declined to be named because they are not allowed to speak with the media.

With 1,000 engineers, the new tech centre is more than three times the size of the one Mercedes-Benz opened in 2014 and the first outside Germany that can test “everything”, putting it more “on par” technically with the far bigger R&D headquarters near Stuttgart, a person close to the centre said.

Mercedes-Benz has also invested significantly in upgrading its Chinese design studio and has moved the whole team from Beijing to Shanghai, a megalopolis of about 25 million people known as the car design capital of China.

Mercedes-Benz has good reason to elevate its Chinese operations.

Its car sales in China jumped 12% last year to a record 774,000 despite the pandemic, streets ahead of its next two markets, Germany on 286,000 and the United States with 275,000.

About 80% of the cars it sold in China were also made there, typically with an array of China-only features and models, and Asia overall accounted for almost half its global sales in 2021.

China’s auto market, the biggest in the world since 2009, is expected to carry on growing steadily, with demand forecast to reach 35 million vehicles by about 2030 versus 25 million now.

                         ‘SECOND HOME’

But Mercedes-Benz, like all foreign automakers in China, is under growing pressure from local EV startups such as Xpeng , Li Auto and Nio and their stylish vehicles with high-tech features tailored to Chinese consumers.

That’s why the German carmaker’s “second home” strategy for China is focused on making its design and technology more agile, to respond quickly to the ever-shifting landscape and to firmly entrench the Mercedes-Benz brand, the four sources said.

“The expectations in China are for the in-car experience to be served by a localised digital services ecosystem, and such solutions must be conceived and built by people that live in China and truly understand the mobile internet,” Bill Russo, head of consultancy Automobility Ltd in Shanghai, said.

Mercedes-Benz customers in China are 36 years old on average – roughly 20 years younger than in Germany – and are more tech-savvy, but they are also notoriously disloyal, hopping from brand to brand as trends shift.

Mercedes has spent 1.1 billion yuan ($170 million) upgrading the centre, with much of the investment ensuring it can do an array of testing locally – rather send new technologies back to the Sindelfingen headquarters in Germany.

“A key reason for the expansion is to gain the proximity to those customers and their needs,” the person close to the tech centre said. “Here, we finally have everything we need to test the car fully,” said the source.

The centre has modern chassis test benches and others including for noise, vibration and harshness, as well as batteries and e-drive powertrains and it has the flexibility to swap in new ones as technology develops, two sources said.

Mercedes has also added functions deemed important for Chinese customers, such as a team dedicated to intelligent, connected electric vehicle (EV) technology.

“Tech savvy customers here require that you’re very local in terms of intelligence, connectivity and autonomous driving,” one of the sources said.

                         THINK ROSE GOLD

All four sources said a sharper focus on the customer in China in recent years is already paying off.

A drive to create China-only colours led to research into the preferences of younger luxury goods buyers. While sensitive to being seen as hip and tech-savvy, there has been a revived interest in styles inspired by China’s ancient dynasties.

As part of that research, the studio came up with “rose gold metallic”, a variation on rose gold tones adjusted for cars first used as an exterior colour for the Mercedes-Benz A-Class L sedan in 2018. New EVs such as the EQA and EQB now come in rose gold, and it’s also an interior tone in the EQC.

“Global ideas, inspired by China,” said one source close to the studio, adding that while Mercedes needs to cater to its China customers first, some China-grown ideas will go global.

Moving the studio to Shanghai was partly driven by the need to significantly speed up the design process by making it more digital, as most virtual model-making vendors are based there.

“Besides, Shanghai is a lot easier a place to recruit design talent,” said the source close to the studio, which is just north of city’s prime waterfront district The Bund.

Designers typically sketch a car on paper or a touch-sensitive computer screen and expert modellers then help sculpt the designs into clay models. Mercedes-Benz plans to more or less do away with those physical models.

Under the new process, the Shanghai studio will review its designs using virtual tools, except for the occasional quarter-size physical models, according to one of the four sources.

If the studio makes it to the final of internal competitions for car designs, it will send designers and modellers to the main studio in Germany to create life-size models for the last round, the source said.

                         RULES OF THE ROAD

Daimler’s drive to strengthen its technology development in China also comes at a time when the cost of failing to be in step with Beijing policymakers has never been higher.

Beijing’s sweeping regulatory crackdown in recent months has wiped billions of dollars off the value of some of the country’s best-known private firms, and has weighed on the auto sector.

That’s partly because tensions between the United States and China have created a tricky environment for foreign companies to import technology developed elsewhere.

And from battery technology to new kinds of mobility including smart connectivity and autonomous driving, Chinese policies and regulations are shifting and evolving rapidly.

“If you respond to change after policies and regulation kick in, it’s too late,” said one of the contacts close to Daimler.

With that in mind, the tech centre works closely with the brand’s external affairs team which keeps its finger on the regulatory pulse – and that has proved key when it comes to so-called vehicle-to-everything, or V2X, technology.

V2X controls communications between a car and “everything” outside, from 5G cellular signals to low-earth-orbit satellites to smart traffic lights and cameras on the road.

In China, vehicles will soon have to come with full-fledged V2X capabilities to achieve a top safety ranking under a new version of its vehicle safety evaluation system, or New Car Assessment Program (NCAP), which is expected in 2025.

“We knew this regulation was going to be implemented. We started developing those self-drive technologies including V2X to be in compliance with the new law and did so well before new regulation kicks in,” one of the tech centre sources said.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Materie Prime

Cina. Aumenta l’estrazione di carbone di 98 mln tonnellate all’anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-14.

2021-10-10__ China Thermal Coal Prices 001

«China calls for huge boost in coal output to fight power crunch»

«Orders immediate rise in output at 72 mines in Inner Mongolia»

«Increase totals more than 98 mln tonnes of capacity»

«Chinese officials have ordered more than 70 mines in Inner Mongolia to ramp up coal production by nearly 100 million tonnes as the country battles its worst power crunch and coal shortages in years»

«The authorities face record-high prices and shortages of electricity that have prompted power rationing across the country, crippling industrial output»

«In an urgent notice dated Oct. 7, the Inner Mongolia regional energy department asked the cities of Wuhai, Ordos and Hulunbuir, as well as Xilingol League, or prefecture, to notify 72 mines that they may operate at stipulated higher capacities immediately»

«The (government’s) coal task force shall urge miners to raise output with no compromise, while the power task team shall have the generating firms guarantee meeting the winter electricity and heating demand»

«The 72 mines listed by the Inner Mongolia energy bureau, most of which are open pits, previously had authorised annual capacity of 178.45 million tonnes»

«The notice proposed they increase their production capacity by 98.35 million tonnes combined»

«Inner Mongolia is China’s second-biggest coal-producing region, churning out just over 1 billion tonnes in 2020 and accounting for more than a quarter of the national total»

«Meanwhile, coal consumption is climbing as northeastern China has kicked off the winter heating season, with major power plants having stockpiles for around 10 days of use»

* * * * * * *

Cina. Avvia un ciclopico programma nucleare.

Cina. Centrali elettriche nucleari. 37 reattori attivi, 60 in costruzione, 179 programmati.

Cina. 2020. Attivate centrali a carbone per 38.4 GW ed in costruzione per altri 36.9 GW.

China Promotes Climate Goal, and Builds New Coal Plants

China Is Planning to Build 43 New Coal-Fired Power Plants. Can It Still Keep Its Promises to Cut Emissions?

Kremlin. Putin. La Russia potenzia estrazione ed esportazione del carbone.

Asia. Trend energetici. Il carbone domina nella produzione di corrente elettrica.

Energia. Il problema degli elettrodotti a lunga distanza. Le dissipazioni.

* * * * * * *

In una simile situazione, i problemi del presente sono troppo pressanti per disquisire sui vantaggi ottenibili, si fa per dire, nel 2050. COP26 è sempre più destinata al fallimento.

* * * * * * *


China calls for huge boost in coal output to fight power crunch.

– Orders immediate rise in output at 72 mines in Inner Mongolia

– Increase totals more than 98 mln tonnes of capacity

*

Beijing/Singapore, Oct 8 (Reuters) – Chinese officials have ordered more than 70 mines in Inner Mongolia to ramp up coal production by nearly 100 million tonnes as the country battles its worst power crunch and coal shortages in years.

The authorities face record-high prices and shortages of electricity that have prompted power rationing across the country, crippling industrial output.

The proposed increase would make up nearly 3% of China’s total thermal coal consumption.

In an urgent notice dated Oct. 7, the Inner Mongolia regional energy department asked the cities of Wuhai, Ordos and Hulunbuir, as well as Xilingol League, or prefecture, to notify 72 mines that they may operate at stipulated higher capacities immediately, provided they ensure safe production.

An official with the region’s energy bureau confirmed the notice but declined to say how long the production boost would be allowed to last.

The notice followed a meeting on the same day during which the regional authorities mapped out measures for winter energy supplies in response to mandates from China’s State Council, or Cabinet, the state-run Inner Mongolia Daily reported on Friday.

“The (government’s) coal task force shall urge miners to raise output with no compromise, while the power task team shall have the generating firms guarantee meeting the winter electricity and heating demand,” the newspaper said.

“This demonstrates the government is serious about raising local coal production to ease the shortage,” said a Beijing-based trader, who estimated the production boost may take up to two to three months to materialise.

The 72 mines listed by the Inner Mongolia energy bureau, most of which are open pits, previously had authorised annual capacity of 178.45 million tonnes.

The notice proposed they increase their production capacity by 98.35 million tonnes combined, according to Reuters calculations.

“It will help alleviate the coal shortage but cannot eliminate the issue,” said Lara Dong, senior director with IHS Markit.

“The government will still need to apply power rationing to ensure the balancing of the coal and power markets over the winter,” she said.

China’s Zhengzhou thermal coal futures briefly slumped 6% on Friday morning after opening up nearly 3%. The contract was down 3.2% at 1,287 yuan ($197.50) per tonne at 0400 GMT.

                         RAISING IMPORTS

Inner Mongolia is China’s second-biggest coal-producing region, churning out just over 1 billion tonnes in 2020 and accounting for more than a quarter of the national total, official data show.

However, that output was down 8% in 2020 and was falling every month from April through July this year, partly due to an anti-corruption probe initiated last year by Beijing targeting the coal sector, which led to lower production as miners were banned from producing above approved capacity.

Neighbouring Shanxi province, China’s biggest coal region, had to close 27 coal mines this week due to flooding.

Coal inventories at major Chinese ports were at 52.34 million tonnes in late September before a week-long national holiday that started Oct 1, down 18% from the same period last year, data compiled by China Coal Transportation and Distribution Association showed

Meanwhile, coal consumption is climbing as northeastern China has kicked off the winter heating season, with major power plants having stockpiles for around 10 days of use, down from more than 20 days last year.

To ensure power and heating supply to residential users, China has reopened dozens of other mines and approved several new ones.

The government has also called for “appropriately” raising coal imports to levels on par with last year, analysts said, after imports fell nearly 10% in the first eight months.

It has even released Australian coal from bonded storage despite a nearly year-long unofficial import ban on coal imports from Australia, and utilities have tapped rare supply sources like Kazakhstan and the United States.

                         MORE COAL NEEDED

Extra production in Inner Mongolia should help ease China’s supply crunch but even an annual 98 million tonnes may not add much before winter hits, analysts and traders said.

Analysts from Guosheng Securities expect China’s thermal coal shortage to top 116 million tonnes in 2021, despite some 31 million tonnes in newly approved capacity gradually coming on line from the fourth quarter.

“More (announcements to boost coal output) will be needed and we expect it to come,” said James Stevenson, coal analyst from consultancy IHS Markit, adding that China has used all its main tools to push domestic supply and manage demand.

Benchmark spot thermal coal prices in the northern port of Qinhuangdao hit a record high of 1,079 yuan a tonne in late September.

As coal prices continue to rise, more power plants are seeing their balance sheets fall into the red and even face shutting down.

“Many more people and businesses would have been sitting in the dark had China just built coal power plants and not expanded solar and wind capacity,” said Lauri Myllyvirta, lead analyst at the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air, noting volatile fossil fuel prices have caused shortages, not the replacement of fossil fuels with renewables.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Cina. Silura ed affonda con scherno COP26. Costruirà nuove centrali a carbone e petrolio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-13.

2021-10-13__ Scherno 001

COP26, ‘Glasgow climate summit’ si preannuncia essere un fiasco memorabile

Blocco europeo. Prezzi degli energetici fuori controllo. Stagflazione in casa.

Asia. Trend energetici. Il carbone domina nella produzione di corrente elettrica.

G20. Nessun paese ha adempiuto gli Accordi di Parigi del 2015.

Blocco Europeo. Il +250% del natural gas manda in fumo le ambizioni green.

Coronavirus seppellisce l’EU Green Deal. Riposa con i fu liberal.

Timmermans prende atto che il ‘Clima’ è morto stecchito. Originale il mezzo.

* * * * * * *

«His announcement will cause alarm ahead of the COP26 summit in Glasgow in two weeks, and is a major blow to the UK’s plans for securing a global agreement on phasing out coal»

«China makes a mockery of climate targets as it plans to build more coal power stations and ramp up oil and gas exploration to solve its energy crisis just weeks ahead of COP26 summit»

«Beijing plans to build new coal-fired plants and intensify oil and gas exploration»

«China is making a mockery of climate targets as it announced plans to build more coal-fired power plants and increase oil and gas exploration, just weeks ahead of the COP26 summit where world leaders were expected to agree to ambitious emission cuts»

«Beijing’s National Energy Commission said late Tuesday it is important ‘to build advanced coal-fired power plants’ and intensify domestic oil and gas exploration»

«Li Keqiang, the Chinese premier, also hinted that a pledge to cap carbon emissions by 2030 – which already lags behind commitments made by other major economies – could be torn up»

«His announcement will cause alarm ahead of the COP26 summit in Glasgow in two weeks, and is a major blow to the UK’s plans for securing a global agreement on phasing out coal. »

«His announcement will cause alarm ahead of the COP26 summit in Glasgow in two weeks, and is a major blow to the UK’s plans for securing a global agreement on phasing out coal»

* * * * * * *

L’enclave liberal occidentale ha per anni coperto la Cina di ogni sorta di calunnie pretestuose e di pacchiane menzogne.

Negli ultimi tempi ha fatto marcia indietro, ma troppo tardi. I cinesi hanno ottima memoria e sanno essere taglienti peggio dei bisturi.

Cina. Kontrordine Kompagni. I cinesi sono gente santa, morigerata, cui nulla può essere imputato.

Bene. Adesso la Cina contraccambia con gli interessi: silura ed affonda COP26 che tanto sarebbe stata a cuore ai liberal.

E lo fa anche facendosi scherno di loro.

* * * * * * *


China makes a mockery of climate targets as it plans to build more coal power stations and ramp up oil and gas exploration to solve its energy crisis just weeks ahead of COP26 summit.

– Beijing plans to build new coal-fired plants and intensify oil and gas exploration after being hit by blackouts la

– China had committed to capping carbon emissions by 2030 but Premier hinted pledge could be scrapped

– Move will cause alarm ahead of the COP26 summit in Glasgow in two weeks, and is a major blow to the UK’s plans for securing a global agreement on phasing out coal

* * * * * * *

China is making a mockery of climate targets as it announced plans to build more coal-fired power plants and increase oil and gas exploration, just weeks ahead of the COP26 summit where world leaders were expected to agree to ambitious emission cuts.    

Beijing’s National Energy Commission said late Tuesday it is important ‘to build advanced coal-fired power plants’ and intensify domestic oil and gas exploration after the country was hit by blackouts last week and that China would rethink emissions targets.

Li Keqiang, the Chinese premier, also hinted that a pledge to cap carbon emissions by 2030 – which already lags behind commitments made by other major economies – could be torn up. 

His announcement will cause alarm ahead of the COP26 summit in Glasgow in two weeks, and is a major blow to the UK’s plans for securing a global agreement on phasing out coal. 

Amidst a global energy crisis caused as economies reopen post-Covid, China has also ordered its coal mines to raise their annual output capacity to 55.3 million tonnes while India has also ordered its own mines to increase production. 

China is already the world’s largest polluter, with more than 50% of its energy coming from coal, which is considered the most-polluting source.  

The UN has said if global emissions are not cut by 50% by 2030, the climate crisis will lead to further wide-ranging and more destructive natural disasters, such as flood and drought.

But with every passing day, that goal seems to be moving further out of reach – with the boss of a South African coal mine saying today that he sees demand for coal continuing for the next two decades at least.

Beijing had previously committed to hitting peak emissions in 2030 and being carbon neutral by 2060 – a target which would involve the closure of more than 600 coal plants. 

But Chinese Premier Li Keqiang hinted that this commitment may be up for debate as he said Beijing will build more coal-fired plants as China seeks to enhance the ‘capacity for energy self-supply’ and create a ‘modern energy system’.    

Keqiang said: ‘Energy security should be the premise on which a modern energy system is built and the capacity for energy self-supply should be enhanced,’ the Guardian reported.

‘Given the predominant place of coal in the country’s energy and resource endowment, it is important to optimise the layout for the coal production capacity, build advanced coal-fired power plants as appropriate in line with development needs, and continue to phase out outdated coal plants in an orderly fashion. 

‘Domestic oil and gas exploration will be intensified.’  

China has been suffering from widespread power outages that have shut factories and hit production and global supply chains amid a global energy shortage that has seen demand for fossil fuels soar despite the UN warning of the devastating effects.

July Ndlovu, the boss of the South African coal mine Thungela, said the demand for coal production will last for the next two decades.  

Inlovu told Radio 4’s Today programme that while Europe and the US will be at the forefront of the transition from coal toward renewable energies, countries such as China and India – which have far younger fossil fuel infrastructure – will follow much later. 

He said: ‘You can considerably see the US and Europe returning their coal plants earlier and then the rest of the developing economies on the back end of that.

‘Clearly there is uncertainty on how long that will be, but we certainly see demand lasting until into the next decade-and-a-half or even two decades.’

Keqiang added officials want to gather new evidence to rethink a roadmap for reaching peak emissions, with the deadline likely to be extended beyond 2030. 

The premier said he had ordered ‘in-depth studies and calculations in light of the recent handling of electricity and coal supply strains, to put forward a phased timetable and roadmap for peaking carbon emissions.’  

It came after blackouts hit cities across China last week amid a spike in demand for energy around the globe. 

The country was so short on power that cities were hit by blackouts with factories forced to close or else open for just a couple of hours per week.

The crisis, which began biting a fortnight ago, was caused by the cost of coal spiking as the economy reopened post-Covid, meaning power stations were operating at a loss and began to shut down. As a result, China’s imports of coal surged by 76% in September.

Power outages were reported in southern Guangdong province, but are most severe in the north eastern manufacturing hubs of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning.

And an additional 16 provinces were forced to ration energy due to a shortage in supply, but avoided full-scale blackouts. 

In response, Shanxi – China’s biggest coal-producing region – ordered its 98 coal mines to raise their annual output capacity by 55.3 million tonnes and allowed 51 coal mines that had hit their maximum annual production levels to keep producing.

In China’s No. 2 coal region, Inner Mongolia, 72 mines were told that they could operate at higher capacities immediately, provided they ensure safe production. 

But incessant rain has flooded 60 mines in Shanxi, as four mines with a combined annual output capacity of 4.8 million tonnes remained shut in the region.

The flooding has worsened the supply outlook, with electricity shortages and rationing expected to continue into early next year.  

Former UK Labour leader Ed Miliband, who now serves as the Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, said China must ‘step up’ in reducing their emissions but also criticized the UK government for not putting pressure on Beijing to make them act.

Miliband told the Radio 4’s Today Programme: ‘The Chinese need to step up and it is a problem. This is happening because the UK haven’t built the coalition to put the pressure on countries like China to make them step up.  

He added: ‘The Paris Agreement succeeded because we had an alliance of developing and vulnerable countries and developing countries like ours that put maxiumum pressure on the biggest emitters like China. 

‘Now the problem is, because the (UK) government hasn’t had a proper strategy for this COP23 summit, we haven’t built that coalition.’

It comes amid a wider energy crisis that has seen shortages and soaring prices in Europe, India and China.

In response, India is ramping up its coal production from 1.94 million to 2 million tonnes per day within a week following supply shortages which caused some utility providers to resort to unscheduled power cuts, reports The Statesman

India was said to have been close to running out of coal, but government sources said coal-powered plans are maintaining stock for five days. The sources said in a month’s time, the levels of coals will be back to usual levels.  

Coal accounts for nearly 70 percent of India’s electricity generation and around three-quarters of the fossil fuel is mined domestically. 

As Asia’s third-largest economy rebounds following a coronavirus wave, heavy monsoon rains have flooded coal mines and disrupted transport networks, leading to a sharp rise in prices for coal buyers, including power stations. 

International coal prices have also soared.  

Even before the current energy crisis erupted, the world was far behind on efforts to avert catastrophic climate change.

The United Nations estimates that global emissions will be 16 per cent higher in 2030 than they were in 2010 based on countries’ current pledges.

* * * * * * *


China’s plan to build more coal-fired plants deals blow to UK’s Cop26 ambitions.

Renewed commitment to coal could scupper Britain’s aim to secure global phase-out pact at climate summit.

China plans to build more coal-fired power plants and has hinted that it will rethink its timetable to slash emissions, in a significant blow to the UK’s ambitions for securing a global agreement on phasing out coal at the Cop26 climate summit in Glasgow.

In a statement after a meeting of Beijing’s National Energy Commission, the Chinese premier, Li Keqiang, stressed the importance of regular energy supply, after swathes of the country were plunged into darkness by rolling blackouts that hit factories and homes.

While China has published plans to reach peak carbon emissions by 2030, the statement hinted that the energy crisis had led the Communist party to rethink the timing of this ambition, with a new “phased timetable and roadmap for peaking carbon emissions”.

China has previously set out plans to be carbon neutral by 2060, with emissions peaking by 2030, a goal analysts say would involve shutting 600 coal-fired power plants. President Xi Jinping has also pledged to stop building coal plants abroad.

“Energy security should be the premise on which a modern energy system is built and and the capacity for energy self-supply should be enhanced,” the statement said.

“Given the predominant place of coal in the country’s energy and resource endowment, it is important to optimise the layout for the coal production capacity, build advanced coal-fired power plants as appropriate in line with development needs, and continue to phase out outdated coal plants in an orderly fashion. Domestic oil and gas exploration will be intensified.”

Beijing’s ambitions for carbon dioxide output are seen as critical in the push to achieve global net zero carbon emissions by 2050 and fulfil the 2015 Paris agreement to limit average temperature rises to 1.5C. But Li said Beijing wanted to gather new evidence on when its peak emissions would be reached.

The statement said he had commissioned “in-depth studies and calculations in light of the recent handling of electricity and coal supply strains, to put forward a phased timetable and roadmap for peaking carbon emissions”.

Li’s rhetoric follows reports that China has ordered its two top coal-producing regions, Shanxi and Inner Mongolia, to combat the country’s power supply crisis.

Beijing’s renewed embrace of coal – apparently at odds with Xi’s state climate ambitions – are likely to cause alarm in the run-up to Cop26.

Alok Sharma, the UK’s president-designate of Cop26, has said an agreement to phase out coal power is a key aim of the summit.

George Magnus, a research associate at Oxford University’s China Centre and the author of Red Flags: Why Xi’s China Is in Jeopardy, said Beijing had been forced to revise its plans in the face of the reality of economic problems and power outages.

“China has stumbled into an energy crisis in much the same way the rest of us have done but it is exacerbated by the fact that the grid and the electricity companies are subject to price controls and cannot pass the prices on,” he said. “Many have decided to shut down production and they have had a lot of power outages for households and companies. This has come at a very bad moment in China, on top of [collapsed property giant] Evergrande and the property bust.

“They have basically cycled back on their coal policy. With Cop26 coming up, there is a lot of talk about how committed the Chinese are to net zero goals by 2050 but this is another setback. It has happened before, when the economy was weaker during the pandemic, that they relaxed restrictions on coal capacity. Now they are doing it again.

“If the new relaxations last a few weeks, it might not matter so much. If it lasts into 2022 as China strives to avoid bad economic outcomes ahead of its key CCP 20th party congress in November 2022, climate policy optimists might have to rethink for sure.”

Concern about China’s coal ambitions come on the eve of the publication of the International Energy Agency’s annual world energy outlook, which says much greater action is required globally if the world is to reach net zero by 2050.

The IEA said its hopes of speeding up the clean energy transition to meet the target involved a “rapid” reduction in the amount of coal burned to produce electricity.

* * * * * * *


Dalla Cina un duro colpo alla Cop26: “Costruiremo nuove centrali a carbone”

“Esplorazione nazionale di petrolio e gas sarà intensificata”.

La Cina prevede di costruire più centrali elettriche a carbone e ha lasciato intendere che rivedrà il suo calendario per ridurre le emissioni, in un duro colpo alle ambizioni del Regno Unito di garantire un accordo globale sull’eliminazione graduale del carbone al vertice sul clima Cop26 di Glasgow.

In una dichiarazione dopo una riunione della Commissione nazionale per l’energia di Pechino, il premier cinese Li Keqiang ha sottolineato l’importanza di un approvvigionamento energetico regolare, dopo che fasce del Paese sono sprofondate nell’oscurità a causa dei blackout che hanno colpito fabbriche e abitazioni.

Mentre la Cina ha pubblicato piani per raggiungere il picco delle emissioni di carbonio entro il 2030, la dichiarazione ha suggerito che la crisi energetica ha portato il Partito comunista a ripensare i tempi di questa ambizione, con un nuovo “calendario graduale e una tabella di marcia per il picco delle emissioni di carbonio”.

La Cina, ricorda il Guardian, aveva precedentemente stabilito piani per raggiungere la neutralità di emissioni di carbonio entro il 2060, con un picco entro il 2030, un obiettivo che secondo gli analisti implicherebbe la chiusura di 600 centrali elettriche a carbone. Anche il presidente Xi Jinping si era impegnato a porre fine alla costruzione di centrali a carbone.

“La sicurezza energetica dovrebbe essere la premessa su cui si costruisce un moderno sistema energetico e la capacità di autoapprovvigionamento energetico dovrebbe essere potenziata”, si afferma nella nota di Pechino.

“Dato il ruolo predominante del carbone nella dotazione energetica e di risorse del paese, è importante ottimizzare il layout per la capacità di produzione del carbone, costruire centrali elettriche a carbone avanzate in linea con le esigenze di sviluppo e continuare a eliminare gradualmente e in modo ordinato gli impianti obsoleti per il carbone. L’esplorazione nazionale di petrolio e gas sarà intensificata”, è stato aggiunto.

Le ambizioni di Pechino per la produzione di anidride carbonica sono considerate fondamentali nella spinta per raggiungere emissioni globali zero di carbonio entro il 2050 e rispettare l’accordo di Parigi del 2015 per limitare l’aumento della temperatura media a 1,5°C. Ma Li ha detto che Pechino intende raccogliere nuove prove su quando sarà raggiunto il suo picco di emissioni. Nella dichiarazione si afferma infatti che sono stati commissionati “studi e calcoli approfonditi alla luce della recente gestione dei problemi di fornitura di elettricità e carbone, per proporre un calendario graduale e una tabella di marcia per il picco delle emissioni di carbonio”.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Stati Uniti

Cina. Kontrordine Kompagni. I cinesi sono gente santa, morigerata, cui nulla può essere imputato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-10-12.

Xinjiang 001

È davvero molto dura la vita di quanti abbiano buona memoria.

Stiamo vivendo tempi in rapidissima evoluzione, dove il nuovo è quasi invariabilmente l’opposto del vecchio. Rinfreschiamoci la memoria.

U.S. Says China’s Repression of Uighurs Is ‘Genocide’. The New York Times.

China’s Oppression of Muslims in Xinjiang, Explained. The New York Times.

US renews China ‘genocide’ claims over Uyghur treatment. Deutsche Welle.

The US says China is committing genocide against the Uyghurs. Here’s some of the most chilling evidence. Usa Today.

US: China ‘committed genocide against Uighurs’. Bbc.

U.S., allies announce sanctions on China over Uyghur ‘genocide’. Politico.

U.S. State Department Confirms The Finding Of The Uyghur Genocide, Chinese Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Denies Yet Again. Forbes.

U.S., UK, Germany clash with China at U.N. over Xinjiang. Reuters.

US house resolution urges Prez Biden to refer China’s Uyghur ‘genocide’ to UN. Hindustan Times.

* * * * * * *

Poi, improvvisamente, a partire dal 24 aprile, i media occidentali liberal hanno iniziato ad ignorare l’argomento.

E per fare buon peso, i media occidentali liberal hanno iniziato ad ignorare anche i riferiti abusi contro gli human rights che avrebber compiuto Mr Putin e svariati altri stati prima ferocemente accusati.

Ma le realtà mutano in un amen, ed ecco comparire codesto pregevole capolavoro di arte oratoria.

Ciò che prima era definito essere un “genocidio” adesso altro non sarebbe che un “transfer program described by some rights groups as forced labor”.

La Universal Electronics Inc importa degli Uyghuri per farli lavorare nei propri stabilimenti.

Questi liberi lavoratori arrivano scortati dalla polizia e vivono in padiglioni a parte, sempre tutelati da un buon numero di poliziotti, impossibilitati ad ogni movimento. Per il loro bene, si intende.

Eppure erano proprio stati i democratici a far votare al Congresso lo Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act.

Beh: quanto a coerenza i liberal democratici sono davvero maestri.

* * * * * * *

US electronics firm struck deal to transport and hire Uyghur workers

«U.S. remote-control maker Universal Electronics Inc told Reuters it struck a deal with authorities in Xinjiang to transport hundreds of Uyghur workers to its plant in the southern Chinese city of Qinzhou, the first confirmed instance of an American company participating in a transfer program described by some rights groups as forced labor»

«The Nasdaq-listed firm, which has sold its equipment and software to Sony, Samsung, LG, Microsoft and other tech and broadcast companies, has employed at least 400 Uyghur workers from the far-western region of Xinjiang as part of an ongoing worker-transfer agreement»

«In at least one instance, Xinjiang authorities paid for a charter flight that delivered the Uyghur workers under police escort from Xinjiang’s Hotan city – where the workers are from – to the UEI plan»

«UEI spokeswoman said the company currently employs 365 Uyghur workers at the Qinzhou plant»

«Sony Group Corp, Samsung Electronics Co Ltd, LG Corp and Microsoft Corp each say in social responsibility reports they prohibit the use of forced labor in their supply chains and are taking steps to prevent it»

«UEI spokeswoman …. said the company does not know how the workers are trained in Xinjiang or who pays for their transport to Guangxi»

«The conditions they face, however, bear hallmarks of standard definitions of forced labor, such as working in isolation, under police guard and with restricted freedom of movement»

«UEI’s Uyghur workers are under surveillance by police during their transportation and life at the factory, where they eat and sleep in segregated quarters»

«Programs like this have transferred thousands of Uyghur laborers to factories in Xinjiang and elsewhere»

«”This so-called ‘forced labor’ is a completely fabricated lie,”»

«A State Department spokesperson declined to comment on UEI, but said wittingly benefiting from forced labor in the United States was a crime under the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act»

«The import of goods into the United States made wholly or in part by forced labor is also a crime under Section 307 of the Tariff Act of 1930»

«Legislation before the U.S. Congress, called the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act, was designed to toughen up restrictions by creating the legal presumption that any products made in Xinjiang are the result of forced labor, putting the burden on importers to prove they are not»

«The company’s two largest investors are funds run by BlackRock Inc and Eagle Asset Management, an affiliate of Carillon Tower Advisers»

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina

Cina. Dichiarate illegali le criptovalute e le loro transazioni. Un gran bel siluro.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-28.

2021-09-25__ Cina Bitcoin 001

Il problema è semplicissimo.

Nessuno stato sovrano può permettersi che una valuta non propria possa liberamente circolare, essere utilizzata per transazioni, ma a prezzi di cambio stabiliti da realtà extraterritoriali.

Non a caso la Cina sta già sperimentando una sua propria criptovaluta, governata dalla banca centrale.

Dichiarando illegali le criptovalute e le loro transazioni la People’s Bank of China ottiene due risultati.

In primo luogo, elimina una considerevole quota di interferenze estere sul proprio mercato valutario.

In secondo luogo, minaccia e sottomina direttamente tutto il sistema organizzativo che intendeva utilizzare le criptovalute quale cavallo di troia per condizionare le nazioni sovrane.

* * * * * * *

«China’s central bank says all cryptocurrency-related activities are illegal, vows harsh crackdown»

«The People’s Bank of China said services offering trading, order matching, token issuance and derivatives for virtual currencies are strictly prohibited»

«→→ Overseas cryptocurrency exchanges providing services in mainland China are also illegal ←←»

«China’s central bank renewed its tough talk on bitcoin Friday, calling all digital currency activities illegal and vowing to crack down on the market»

«the People’s Bank of China said services offering trading, order matching, token issuance and derivatives for virtual currencies are strictly prohibited»

«Overseas crypto exchanges providing services in mainland China are also illegal»

«Overseas virtual currency exchanges that use the internet to offer services to domestic residents is also considered illegal financial activity»

«→→ Workers at foreign crypto exchanges will be investigated ←←»

«Financial institutions and nonbank payment institutions cannot offer services to activities and operations related to virtual currencies»

«The price of bitcoin sank over 6.5% in 24 hours, last trading at around $41,882, according to Coin Metrics data at midmorning Friday ET. Ethereum, the second-largest digital asset, fell 9% to around $2,867»

«The PBOC also ordered banks and non-bank payment institutions like Alibaba affiliate Ant Group not to provide services related to crypto»

* * * * * * *

Come al solito, servirà del tempo per valutare i reali effetti di un simile provvedimento.

Ma, a valutare almeno le prime reazioni dei mercati, il colpo è stato ben assestato, anche tenendo conto del timing.

*


China’s central bank says all cryptocurrency-related activities are illegal, vows harsh crackdown.

– The People’s Bank of China said services offering trading, order matching, token issuance and derivatives for virtual currencies are strictly prohibited.

– Overseas cryptocurrency exchanges providing services in mainland China are also illegal, the PBOC said.

– It’s not the first time China has gotten tough on cryptocurrencies. Earlier this year, Beijing announced a crackdown on crypto mining.

*

China’s central bank renewed its tough talk on bitcoin Friday, calling all digital currency activities illegal and vowing to crack down on the market.

In a Q&A posted to its website, the People’s Bank of China said services offering trading, order matching, token issuance and derivatives for virtual currencies are strictly prohibited. Overseas crypto exchanges providing services in mainland China are also illegal, the PBOC said.

“Overseas virtual currency exchanges that use the internet to offer services to domestic residents is also considered illegal financial activity,” the central bank said, according to a CNBC translation of the comments. Workers at foreign crypto exchanges will be investigated, it added.

The PBOC said it has also improved its systems to step up monitoring of crypto-related transactions and root out speculative investing.

“Financial institutions and nonbank payment institutions cannot offer services to activities and operations related to virtual currencies,” the central bank said, reiterating past comments.

The price of bitcoin sank over 6.5% in 24 hours, last trading at around $41,882, according to Coin Metrics data at midmorning Friday ET. Ethereum, the second-largest digital asset, fell 9% to around $2,867.

Stocks with heavy exposure to crypto also slumped in premarket trading, with Coinbase down by nearly 4%, MicroStrategy slipping 5% and Riot Blockchain down over 6%.

It’s not the first time China has gotten tough on cryptocurrencies. Earlier this year, Beijing announced a crackdown on crypto mining, the energy-intensive process that verifies transactions and mints new units of currency. That led to a sharp slump in bitcoin’s processing power, as multiple miners took their equipment offline.

The PBOC also ordered banks and non-bank payment institutions like Alibaba affiliate Ant Group not to provide services related to crypto.

In July, the central bank told a Beijing-based company to shut down for allegedly facilitating digital currency transactions with its software.

China’s crypto crackdown comes as Beijing is looking to fulfill its climate targets. The country is the world’s biggest carbon emitter, and has set out to become carbon neutral by 2060.

Meanwhile, the PBOC is also working on its own digital currency. China is seen as a leading contender in the race toward central bank-issued digital currencies, having trialed a virtual version of the yuan in several regions.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Dushanbe. Russia e Cina integrano l’Iran nello SCO. Altra débâcle irredimibile di Joe Biden.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-27.

2021-09-27__ Iran entra nello SCO 001

Leaders Of Russia, China-Led Security Blocs Meet To Discuss Afghanistan

«Russia and its Central Asian allies have launched two days of talks in the Tajik capital to discuss the situation in Afghanistan a month after Taliban militants entered Kabul and seized power in the war-torn country.

Leaders of the Russian-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) met for a summit in the Tajik capital on September 16, to be followed a day later by a gathering of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which includes China. ….

Founded in 2001, the SCO initially consisted of China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan before India and Pakistan joined in 2017. ….

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi, whose country is an observer member of the SCO and keen to join the grouping, will attend the gathering.»

* * *

Iran to gain Central Asia clout with entry into SCO security club.

«Iran is set to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization led by China and Russia as a full member, a move experts say will give Tehran more influence over Central Asia — including war-torn neighbor Afghanistan.

“Today, we will launch procedures to admit Iran as a member state of the SCO, and Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Qatar as new dialogue partners,” Chinese President Xi Jinping said via video link on Friday, addressing the SCO Council of Heads of State in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

Xi said he was confident the “growing SCO family” would “be the builders of world peace, contributors to global development and defenders of the international order,” according to an English translation shared by China’s official Xinhua News Agency.»

* * *

Russia. Pakistan, Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union.

«Russia e Cina stanno sviluppando un grandioso progetto strategico per l’erezione di una Greater Eurasian Partnership volta a riunire in una comunità di intenti e di reciproci benefici tutte le popolazioni euroasiatiche, ossia più di quattro miliardi di persone. I loro sono diplomatici dilungo corso, passati attraverso dure selezioni, ben diversi dai ministri degli esteri occidentali, che, tra l’altro, stanno in carica per tempo molto limitato, cambiando di volta in volta l’indirizzo politico.

*

Ad oriente prese dapprima campo la Sco, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, nata come meccanismo per favorire la risoluzione di dispute territoriali tra i sei paesi aderenti – Cina, Russia, Kazakistan, Kirghizistan, Tagikistan e Uzbekistan – l’organizzazione è andata progressivamente istituzionalizzandosi, intensificando la cooperazione tra i suoi membri tanto su questioni di sicurezza quanto in ambiti come quello economico, energetico e culturale.

Mesi addietro, senza alcuna tromba trionfante, ha preso corpo il Rcep. …

Adesso sta emergendo il progetto strategico russo della Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union. Come dicono i nomi stessi, sono un piano che si articolerà su decenni, ma che saranno decenni di crescita comune.

“The Greater Eurasian Partnership has two broad economic goals. First, it aims to connect Russia and the EAEU to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Its second, lesser goal is to move beyond China and connect the EAEU with Iran, India, and Southeast Asia.”»

* * * * * * *

                         In sintesi.

– Stati Uniti ed Europa hanno da lunga pezza annoverato l’Iran tra gli stati canaglia, fomentatori del terrorismo, colpendolo con un totale bando e coprendolo di sanzioni.

– Russia e Cina lo hanno invece ammesso a pieno titolo nello Sco, e di lì nella Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union, una unione politica, militare ed economica, organizzazioni basate sulla non ingerenza negli affari interni e su rapporti paritetici.

– Sono improvvisamente mutati gli equilibri geopolitici mondiali a favore del Blocco Euroasiatico.

– Questa ulteriore débâcle della Harris-Biden Administration evidenzia molto chiaramente quanto poco pesino sia gli Stati Uniti sia l’Unione Europea.

Lasciamo alla arguta penna di Maurizio Blondet la descrizione dettagliata della risposta sinorussa all’Aukus.

*


La risposta di Russia e Cina all’AUKUS.

                         Integrano l’Iran

 Il magistrale pezzo di Pepe Escobar che ha seguito l’incontro della Shanghai Cooperation Organization e Dushanbe. Titolo originale:

                         L’Eurasia prende forma: come la SCO ha appena ribaltato l’ordine mondiale

Sotto lo sguardo di un Occidente senza timone, la riunione del ventesimo anniversario dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione di Shanghai è stata focalizzata su due risultati chiave: dare forma all’Afghanistan e dare il via a un’integrazione eurasiatica a spettro completo.

Pepe Escobar

I due momenti salienti dello storico vertice del 20 ° anniversario dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione di Shanghai (SCO) a Dushanbe, in Tagikistan, dovevano venire dai discorsi programmatici di – chi altro – i leader del partenariato strategico Russia-Cina.

Xi Jinping: “Oggi avvieremo le procedure per ammettere l’Iran come membro a pieno titolo della SCO”.

Vladimir Putin: “Vorrei sottolineare il Memorandum d’intesa firmato oggi tra il Segretariato della SCO e la Commissione Economica Eurasiatica. È chiaramente progettato per promuovere l’idea della Russia di stabilire un partenariato della Grande Eurasia che copra la SCO, l’EAEU (Unione economica eurasiatica), l’ASEAN (Associazione delle nazioni del sud-est asiatico) e l’iniziativa Belt and Road della Cina (BRI).”

In breve, durante il fine settimana, l’Iran è stato sancito nel suo legittimo ruolo eurasiatico principale e tutti i percorsi di integrazione eurasiatica sono convergenti verso un nuovo paradigma geopolitico e geoeconomico globale,.

(MB – L’Iran ha oggi due alleati veri, che si chiamano Russia e Cina. Sarà più difficile per Israele indurre gli americani a “bomb, bomb, bomb Iran” e fare canagliate come a uno stato-paria e isolato. Anche la speranza di Biden di trattare di nuovo gli accordi sul nucleare iraniano (che Teheran ha adempiuto fedelmente e Trump ha rotto) strappando a Teheran in cambio della levata delle sanzioni, in più, la rinuncia di missili di portata tale da colpire Israele, non è più praticabile. L’Iran con a fianco la Cina, cliente del suo petrolio e largitrice di investimenti, + può resistere a questo genere di ricatti)

“Dushanbe si è rivelato come l’ultimo crossover diplomatico. Il presidente Xi ha rifiutato con fermezza qualsiasi “lezione supponente” e ha sottolineato percorsi di sviluppo e modelli di governance compatibili con le condizioni nazionali. Proprio come Putin, ha sottolineato il focus complementare di BRI e EAEU, e di fatto ha sintetizzato un vero Manifesto multilateralista per il Sud del mondo.

Proprio sul punto, il presidente Kassym-Jomart Tokayev del Kazakistan ha osservato che la SCO dovrebbe promuovere “lo sviluppo di una macroeconomia regionale”. Ciò si riflette nella spinta della SCO a iniziare a utilizzare le valute locali per il commercio, aggirando il dollaro USA.

                         Guarda quel quadrilatero

Dushanbe non è stato solo un letto di rose. L’Emomali Rahmon del Tagikistan, fedele musulmano laico ed ex membro del Partito Comunista dell’URSS – al potere da non meno di 29 anni, rieletto per la quinta volta nel 2020 con il 90% dei voti – ha subito denunciato la “sharia medievale” dei talebani 2.0 e hanno affermato di aver già “abbandonato la loro precedente promessa di formare un governo inclusivo”.

Rahmon … era già al potere quando i talebani conquistarono Kabul nel 1996. Era obbligato a sostenere pubblicamente i suoi cugini tagiki contro l’”espansione dell’ideologia estremista” in Afghanistan – che di fatto preoccupa tutti i membri della SCO -afferma quando si tratta di distruggere loschi abiti jihadisti di stampo ISIS-K.

La polpa della questione a Dushanbe era nei bilaterali – e un quadrilatero.

Prendi il bilaterale tra il ministro degli Esteri indiano S. Jaishankar e il FM cinese Wang Yi. Jaishankar ha affermato che la Cina non dovrebbe vedere “le sue relazioni con l’India attraverso la lente di un paese terzo” e si è preoccupato di sottolineare che l’India “non sottoscrive alcuna teoria dello scontro di civiltà”.

È stata una vendita piuttosto difficile considerando che il primo vertice Quad si svolge questa settimana a Washington, DC, ospitato da quel “paese terzo” che ora è immerso nel profondo della modalità di scontro di civiltà contro la Cina.

Il primo ministro pakistano Imran Khan è satto in una serie di bilaterali: ha incontrato i presidenti di Iran, Bielorussia, Uzbekistan e Kazakistan. La posizione diplomatica ufficiale del Pakistan è che l’Afghanistan non dovrebbe essere abbandonato, ma impegnato.

Quella posizione aggiungeva sfumature a quanto aveva spiegato l’inviato presidenziale speciale russo per gli affari della SCO Bakhtiyer Khakimov sull’assenza di Kabul al tavolo della SCO: “In questa fase, tutti gli Stati membri hanno capito che non ci sono ragioni per un invito finché non c’è un legittimo, governo generalmente riconosciuto in Afghanistan”.

E questo ci porta all’incontro chiave della SCO: un quadrilatero con i ministri degli Esteri di Russia, Cina, Pakistan e Iran.

Il ministro degli Esteri pakistano Qureshi ha affermato: “Stiamo monitorando se tutti i gruppi sono inclusi o meno nel governo [afgano]”. Il nocciolo della questione è che, d’ora in poi, Islamabad coordinerà la strategia della SCO sull’Afghanistan e farà da intermediario nelle trattative talebane con i leader di spicco tagiki, uzbeki e hazara. Questo alla fine aprirà la strada verso un governo inclusivo riconosciuto a livello regionale dai paesi membri della SCO.

Il presidente iraniano Ebrahim Raisi è stato accolto calorosamente da tutti, specialmente dopo il suo energico discorso programmatico, un classico dell’Asse della Resistenza. Il suo rapporto bilaterale con il presidente bielorusso Aleksandr Lukashenko ruotava attorno a una discussione sul “confronto delle sanzioni”. Secondo Lukashenko: “Se le sanzioni hanno fatto del male alla Bielorussia, all’Iran e ad altri paesi, è stato solo perché ne siamo responsabili noi stessi. Non sempre siamo stati negoziabili, non sempre abbiamo trovato la strada da percorrere sotto la pressione delle sanzioni».

Considerando che Teheran è pienamente informata sul ruolo della SCO di Islamabad in termini di Afghanistan, non ci sarà bisogno di schierare la brigata Fatemiyoun – informalmente conosciuta come Afghan Hezbollah – per difendere gli Hazara sciiti. Fatemiyoun si è formata nel 2012 ed è stata determinante in Siria nella lotta contro Daesh, soprattutto a Palmyra. Ma se ISIS-K non scompare, questa è una storia completamente diversa.

Particolarmente importante per i membri della SCO Iran e India sarà il futuro del porto di Chabahar. Questa rimane la mossa cripto-Via della seta dell’India per collegarla all’Afghanistan e all’Asia centrale. Il successo geoeconomico di Chabahar dipende più che mai da un Afghanistan stabile – ed è qui che gli interessi di Teheran convergono pienamente con la spinta SCO di Russia-Cina.

Ciò che la Dichiarazione SCO di Dushanbe del 2021 ha enunciato sull’Afghanistan è rivelatore:

L’Afghanistan dovrebbe essere uno stato indipendente, neutrale, unito, democratico e pacifico, libero da terrorismo, guerra e droga.

È fondamentale avere un governo inclusivo in Afghanistan, con rappresentanti di tutti i gruppi etnici, religiosi e politici della società afgana.

Gli Stati membri della SCO, sottolineando l’importanza dei molti anni di ospitalità e assistenza efficace forniti dai paesi regionali e vicini ai rifugiati afghani, considerano importante che la comunità internazionale si impegni attivamente per facilitare il loro ritorno dignitoso, sicuro e sostenibile al loro patria.

Per quanto possa sembrare un sogno impossibile, questo è il messaggio unificato di Russia, Cina, Iran, India, Pakistan e i vari ‘stan’ dell’Asia centrale. Si spera che il primo ministro pakistano Imran Khan sia all’altezza del compito e pronto per il suo primo piano della SCO.

                         Quella tormentata penisola occidentale

Le Nuove Vie della Seta sono state lanciate ufficialmente otto anni fa da Xi Jinping, prima ad Astana – ora Nur-Sultan – e poi a Giacarta.

Questo è il modo in cui l’ho segnalato all’epoca.

L’annuncio è arrivato vicino a un vertice della SCO, poi a Bishkek. La SCO, ampiamente liquidata a Washington e Bruxelles come un semplice talk shop, stava già superando il suo mandato originale di combattere le “tre forze del male” – terrorismo, separatismo ed estremismo – e comprendeva la politica e la geoeconomia.

Nel 2013 c’è stata una trilaterale Xi-Putin-Rouhani. Pechino ha espresso pieno sostegno al programma nucleare pacifico dell’Iran (ricordate, questo è stato due anni prima della firma del Piano d’azione congiunto globale, noto anche come JCPOA).

Nonostante molti esperti all’epoca lo negassero, c’era davvero un fronte comune Cina-Russia-Iran in Siria (Asse di Resistenza in azione). Lo Xinjiang veniva promosso come snodo chiave per l’Eurasian Land Bridge. Il gasdotto è stato al centro della strategia cinese, dal petrolio del Kazakistan al gas del Turkmenistan. Alcune persone potrebbero persino ricordare quando Hillary Clinton, in qualità di Segretario di Stato, si è pronunciata in modo lirico su una Nuova Via della Seta a propulsione americana.

Ora confrontare il Manifesto del Multilateralismo di Xi a Dushanbe otto anni dopo, e ricordare come la SCO “ha dimostrato di essere un ottimo esempio di multilateralismo nel 21 ° secolo”, e “ha svolto un ruolo importante nel migliorare la voce dei paesi in via di sviluppo. ”

L’importanza strategica di questo vertice SCO che si terrà subito dopo l’Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) a Vladivostok non può essere sopravvalutata abbastanza. L’EEF si concentra, ovviamente, sull’Estremo Oriente russo e sostanzialmente promuove l’interconnessione tra Russia e Asia. È un fulcro assolutamente chiave del partenariato eurasiatico della Russia.

Una cornucopia di accordi è all’orizzonte: l’espansione dall’Estremo Oriente all’Artico e lo sviluppo della rotta del Mare del Nord, e coinvolgendo tutto, dai metalli preziosi e l’energia verde alla sovranità digitale che scorre attraverso i corridoi logistici tra Asia ed Europa attraverso la Russia.

Come ha suggerito Putin nel suo discorso programmatico, questo è ciò che riguarda la Greater Eurasia Partnership: l’Unione economica dell’Eurasia (EAEU), la BRI (Belt and Road Initiative), l’iniziativa dell’India, l’ASEAN e ora la SCO, che si sviluppa in una rete armonizzata, gestita in modo cruciale da “sovrano centri decisionali”.

                         Grande Asia di sovrani ed eguali

Quindi, se la BRI propone una “comunità di futuro condiviso per il genere umano” molto taoista, il progetto russo, concettualmente, propone un dialogo di civiltà (già evocato dagli anni di Khatami in Iran) e progetti economico-politici sovrani. Sono, infatti, complementari.

Glenn Diesen, professore all’Università della Norvegia sudorientale e redattore della rivista Russia in Global Affairs, è tra i pochissimi studiosi di spicco che stanno analizzando in profondità questo processo. Il suo ultimo libro racconta in modo straordinario l’intera storia nel suo titolo: L’ Europa come la penisola occidentale della Grande Eurasia: regioni geoeconomiche in un mondo multipolare .

Non è chiaro se gli eurocrati di Bruxelles – schiavi dell’atlantismo e incapaci di cogliere le potenzialità della Grande Eurasia – finiranno per esercitare una reale autonomia strategica.

Diesen evoca in dettaglio i paralleli tra la strategia russa e quella cinese. Fa notare come la Cina “sta perseguendo un’iniziativa geoeconomica a tre pilastri sviluppando la leadership tecnologica attraverso il suo piano China 2025, nuovi corridoi di trasporto attraverso la sua Belt and Road Initiative da trilioni di dollari e stabilendo nuovi strumenti finanziari come banche, sistemi di pagamento e internazionalizzazione. dello yuan. Allo stesso modo, la Russia sta perseguendo la sovranità tecnologica, sia nella sfera digitale che oltre, così come nuovi corridoi di trasporto come la rotta del Mare del Nord attraverso l’Artico e, soprattutto, nuovi strumenti finanziari”.

L’intero Sud del mondo, stordito dal crollo accelerato dell’Impero occidentale e dal suo ordine unilaterale basato su regole, sembra ora pronto ad abbracciare il nuovo solco, pienamente mostrato a Dushanbe: una Grande Eurasia multipolare di sovrani eguali.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Persona Umana

Cina. Sbrigativo giro di vite sugli stili di vita effeminati che depravano i giovani.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-26.

Cina 017

La Weltanschauung cinese è diametralmente opposta a quella dei liberal occidentali: per essere chiari, esse sono inconciliabili e mutuamente escludenti.

Da qualche tempo a questa parte, la Cina ha preso misure sempre più severe contro la penetrazione dell’ideologia liberal tramite gli spettacoli in senso lato, specialmente quelli che corrompono la gioventù, soprattutto poi i promotori di una femminilizzazione dei giovani.

Cinesi e quanti vogliano operare in Cina devono attenersi alle leggi locali.

* * * * * * *

Cina. “Homosexuality as a “psychological disorder” in a university textbook”.

Hollywood. Sta perdendo il grande mercato cinese. Troppo liberal.

Bbc. Bandita dalla Cina perché propala fake news. – Xinhua e Bbc.

Cina. Bando dei videogames, ‘electronic drugs’. Mr Xi vuole tutelare la gioventù.

Cina. Si ribella alla femminilizzazione dei suoi maschi. Li vuole virili.

«Si faccia attenzione! La virilità è la qualità propria dell’uomo forte, sicuro di sé e risoluto, coraggioso, che si manifesta nelle sue azioni. È la capacità di saper resistere agli insulti dell’avversa sorte. Per alcuni è dote naturale, ma per molti altri è dote acquisita fin dalla giovinezza, ed una scuola dura e selettiva, disciplinata, che nulla conceda, è un ottimo strumento formativo»

* * * * * * *

«China’s broadcasting regulator has said it will ban “effeminate” aesthetics in entertainment shows and that “vulgar influencers” should be avoided»

«political and moral conduct should be included as criteria in the selection of actors»

«The television regulator also ordered broadcasters to rein in high salaries paid to stars and clamp down on tax evaders»

«The authorities pledged to promote what it defined as more masculine images of men and criticised male celebrities who use lots of make up»

«programmes that promoted traditional, revolutionary or “advanced socialist” culture, or foster a patriotic atmosphere, were to be encouraged»

«Having started with tech billionaires, the Party is making it clear that prominent showbiz stars are now another clear target»

«Tattoos and men’s ponytails have also previously been blurred from screens»

«The country’s official Xinhua News Agency criticised what it termed society’s effeminate male celebrities in 2018»

«In China, homosexuality is not illegal but authorities are strict on censorship and edited out gay references …. Nudity and sex scenes were also edited out»

* * * * * * *

                         Riassumiamo.

La Cina ha preso a cuore la preservazione ed il potenziamento della salute fisica e mentale della propria gioventù.

Aborrisce le depravazioni mentali e fisiche.

Difficile non essere di accordo.

A nostro sommesso avviso, però, le pene previste sono troppo miti.

*


China’s media cracks down on ‘effeminate’ styles

China’s broadcasting regulator has said it will ban “effeminate” aesthetics in entertainment shows and that “vulgar influencers” should be avoided.

It’s part of a tightening of rules over what it described as “unhealthy content” in programmes.

The National Radio and Television Administration (NRTA) said political and moral conduct should be included as criteria in the selection of actors.

Certain talent contest show formats have also been stopped.

The television regulator also ordered broadcasters to rein in high salaries paid to stars and clamp down on tax evaders.

The authorities pledged to promote what it defined as more masculine images of men and criticised male celebrities who use lots of make up.

However, it said programmes that promoted traditional, revolutionary or “advanced socialist” culture, or foster a patriotic atmosphere, were to be encouraged.

Mass voting for reality programmes will also no longer be allowed unless it is done by live audiences.

Chinese President Xi Jinping has restated the commitment to “common prosperity” and in this pledge to redistribute wealth, high-earning tech tycoons and entertainment stars have been singled out recently. Last week, Chinese actress Zheng Shuang was fined $46m (£33m) for tax evasion.

Rana Mitter, a professor of the history and politics of modern China at the University of Oxford, said the idea of “common prosperity” was a way of “criticising the immense inequality that now marks society”.

“Prominent figures with high wealth are a clear target because criticism of them resonates on social media,” he said.

“Having started with tech billionaires, the Party is making it clear that prominent showbiz stars are now another clear target.”

Earlier this month, at a meeting of the Chinese Communist party’s Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission, state media reported that while in the early years of China’s reform some were enabled to “get rich first”, now the government wanted to invoke prosperity “for all”. The committee pledged to regulate high earnings in a better way and to “reasonably adjust excessive income”.

China has a population of around 1.4 billion people. Income inequality has increased in recent decades, with the 10% of the population earning 41% of the national income in 2015, up from 27% in 1978, as estimated by the London School of Economics.

Adjusted for inflation, national income per adult grew more than eightfold between 1978 and 2015, according to official statistics.

Lynette Ong, a professor of political science at the University of Toronto’s Asian Institute, said that “this is part of Xi’s latest efforts to ‘cleanse’ what he or the CCP sees as undesirable social culture, such as excessive video gaming by teenagers”.

‘Chaotic’ fan culture

Last week, the country’s internet regulator said it would take action against what it called “chaotic” fan culture and banned some fan club sites.

Prof Ong told the BBC that the latest announcements were “evidence of the Party’s ever encroaching role into the lives of ordinary people.”

In Beijing last month, film stars Zho Dongyu and Du Jiang warned their contemporaries to never become “slaves of the market” and called on performers to “bravely scale artistic heights under the leadership of the Party”.

The entertainment industry is one of the country’s most profitable, and in 2021 it is expected to generate revenues of around $358.6bn (£260bn), according to a recent report by consultancy PwC.

In 2019, during further moves on censorship, China blurred out the earlobes of some of its young male pop stars in television and internet appearances to hide their piercings. Tattoos and men’s ponytails have also previously been blurred from screens.

The country’s official Xinhua News Agency criticised what it termed society’s effeminate male celebrities in 2018. The agency added: “To cultivate a new generation that will shoulder the responsibility of national rejuvenation, we need to resist erosion from indecent culture.”

In China, homosexuality is not illegal but authorities are strict on censorship and edited out gay references in the Oscar winning Freddie Mercury biopic “Bohemian Rhapsody”, though they kept many similar references in the movie “Green Book”. Nudity and sex scenes were also edited out of widely-viewed series such as “Game of Thrones” and the film “The Shape of Water”.