Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Mondiale

Obor. Progetto cinese su di un terzo del pil mondiale, per ora.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-11.

2017-0608__The Guiyang–Guangzhou High-Speed Railway__001

Obor è l’acronimo di “One Belt, One Road“.

«OBOR coinvolgerebbe fino a 65 nazioni: più della metà della popolazione mondiale, tre quarti delle riserve energetiche e un terzo del prodotto interno lordo globale, rappresenterebbe il più grande progetto di investimento mai compiuto prima, superando, al netto dell’inflazione odierna, di almeno 12 volte l’European Recovery Program, il celebre Piano Marshall» [Fonte]

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A sostegno finanziario dell’Obor, e non solo, è stata costituita la Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

«Major economies that are not members include Japan and the United States.» [Fonte]

La Cina detiene azioni della Aiib per 27.780 mld Usd, l’India 8.367 mld, e la Russia 6.536 mld: assieme hanno la maggioranza.

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A ben valutare il lavoro fatto in questi otto anni, non si resta per nulla stupiti delle previsione fornite dalla Obor

«By 2050, the Belt and Road region aims to contribute 80 per cent of global GDP growth, and advance three billion more people into the middle class.»

Detto per inciso, il restante 20% del pil mondiale sarà quello generato da ciò che ora sarebbe il così detto Occidente. Gli Orientali benedicono la sorte che gli Occidentali non riescano a comprendere che si sono condannati alla estinzione per carenza di nascite.

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Alla luce di quanto sopra riportato, può essere meglio valutato il peso dell’ultima notizia relativa a questo argomento:

«A mega railway to be built by China was officially launched on Wednesday in the Malaysian city of Kuantan, a milestone for China-Malaysia ties as China pushed forward the Belt and Road Initiative.»

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«At a cost of 55 billion ringgit (12.83 billion U.S. dollars), the 688-km East Coast Rail Link (ECRL) will help upgrade public transportation infrastructure in the east coast»

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«The ECRL is the first artery railway built in the east coast, which has been connected to the west coast only “via a network of roads and highways, and small rail lines that were woefully inadequate.”»

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Chinese firm brings safe drinking water to Lao villagers while building China-Laos railway

Changchun-Baicheng-Ulan Hot railway starts operation

Feature: Laos-China railway brings changes to Laos

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La Cina sta perseguendo a livello mondiale quella che fu in Occidente la rivoluzione ferroviaria dell’ottocento. È impossibile generare produzione industriale e benessere se questa produzione non possa essere trasportata rapidamente ed a basso costo dal luogo di produzione a quello del consumo.

Stati Uniti, Giappone e paesi occidentali sono accuratamente tenuti fuori da questo progetto, ma non tanto per una preclusione o per un ostruzionismo cinese, quanto piuttosto perché se ne sono autoesclusi con le loro stese mani.

Gli occidentali hanno infatti una mentalità statale piuttosto che imperiale. Essi mirano ad assimilare ai propri valori piuttosto che a collaborare nelle diversità. Ma nel momento in cui tali ‘valori’ si concretizzano in un sistema etico molto personalizzato e scollato dalla realtà, essi perdono ogni possibile attrattiva e sono invece oggetto di repulsa. L’Oriente e l’Africa se ne guardano bene dall’accettare come valido il modello occidentale, la sua Weltanschauung.

Cina, e di conseguenza Obor, non pongono come limite alla collaborazione la condivisione di scale valoriali, di ideologie, di così detto ‘buon governo‘. Vivono benissimo senza lgbt e senza ogn, che anzi vi sono sostanzialmente proibite. Trattano con chiunque voglia trattare, anche se fosse espressione di un governo ritenuto out dal mondo occidentale.

Con questa semplicissima visione la Cina sta conquistandosi il mondo.

Nel caso specifico poi, si sta conquistando il predominio su ciò che è ed a maggior ragione sarà lo sviluppo ferroviario del futuro.

«China’s grand plans to become a high-speed rail power in Southeast Asia is on track as a part of its “One Belt One Road” initiative. Although there are some obstacles, its ambition sounds quite feasible. We could say that its dream of becoming a high-speed rail power could begin in Southeast Asia.

Such judgment is not an exaggeration considering the recent movement of the Chinese traffic authorities. Most of all, China Railway Group Limited (CREC), one of China’s largest state-owned companies, is making every effort to win the construction of the high-speed rail project signed between Malaysia and Singapore on Tuesday. Considering the July 21st reports of Xinhua News and other state-owned media outlets, it is almost certain that China will win the project. This is because China has been making great efforts for the last three years, and the country is confident it can beat other 98 competitors from several countries including Japan and Korea. In fact, CREC is likely to win the bid, considering the atmosphere on site.

The recent construction commencement of the 417-kim high-speed railway project which will link China’s Yunnan province and the Lao capital of Vientiane is another example that shows that China’s ambition to become a high-speed rail power in Southeast Asia is not just a dream. The railway is expected to open after five years. Besides, the China-Thailand railway project that hit a bump recently, is likely to be on track again after being aggressively courted by China. This means that China’s high-speed rail network that would stretch more than 3,000 kilometers starting from Yunnan province to Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore is feasible. If this is the case, China could become a high-speed rail power in Southeast Asia, and even complete the basic blueprint of its One Belt One Road initiative. Ultimately, China’s railway could be connected to Europe.

Obviously, there are some obstacles. The biggest one is the United States and Japan’s efforts to curb China’s ambition to dominate the high-speed railways. Along with Korea, Japan is participating in almost every bidding for projects promoted by Southeast Asian countries in an attempt to drag China down. Concerns over Chinese technology should not be overlooked either. The reality is well represented by recent recall of Chinese-made subway trains in Singapore. Chinese train maker CSR Sifang tried to ship faulty Singapore Mass Rapid Transit (SMRT) trains secretly back to China for repairs, however it was immediately revealed externally. Although China should overcome this weak point, the country is highly likely to become a high-speed rail power in Southeast Asia.» [The World Post]

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Tutto questo è stato fatto in circa otto anni, in corrispondenza dell’Amministrazione Obama.


Xinhua. 2017-08-09. Chinese-built mega railway begins construction in Malaysia

KUANTAN, Malaysia, Aug. 9 (Xinhua) — A mega railway to be built by China was officially launched on Wednesday in the Malaysian city of Kuantan, a milestone for China-Malaysia ties as China pushed forward the Belt and Road Initiative.

At a cost of 55 billion ringgit (12.83 billion U.S. dollars), the 688-km East Coast Rail Link (ECRL) will help upgrade public transportation infrastructure in the east coast, said Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak when inaugurating a ground-breaking ceremony of the project.

The ECRL is the first artery railway built in the east coast, which has been connected to the west coast only “via a network of roads and highways, and small rail lines that were woefully inadequate.”

Describing the project as a game-changer for Malaysia, Najib said it will significantly cut travel time from Gombak in suburban Kuala Lumpur to Kota Baru in the northeastern state of Kelantan from seven to four hours.

The railway will be built by China Communications Construction Company Ltd., a leading transportation infrastructure group that also built a landmark bridge in the northwestern state of Penang.

Chinese State Councillor Wang Yong also attended the ceremony.

When meeting with Najib prior to the ceremony, Wang praised the ECRL as a “flagship project” jointly built by the two countries under the Belt and Road Initiative, which will boost economic transformation and balanced development of different regions in Malaysia.

He expressed his hope that both China and Malaysia could seize the historic opportunity brought by the Belt and Road Initiative to achieve win-win results and joint development.

China is willing to work closely with the Malaysian side and build the rail link into another landmark project so as to benefit the Malaysian people as soon as possible and help realize regional development and prosperity, Wang added.

The ECRL will be an electric railway line crossing Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang and Selangor states. It will accommodate passenger trains at a maximum speed of 160 km per hour and goods trains at a maximum speed of 80 km per hour. Construction of the rail link is expected to be completed by 2024.

The project will benefit the 4.4 million population along its route, said Liow Tiong Lai, Malaysia’s minister of transport in a statement on Wednesday. He estimated that the ECRL will serve 5.4 million passengers annually by 2030.

The Export-Import Bank of China financed 85 percent of the railway with soft loans, while the Malaysian government provided the remaining 15 percent via issuing bonds, according to Najib.

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