Pubblicato in: Economia e Produzione Industriale

Mondo. Stagflazione. Prostituzione. I prezzi sono crollati.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-20.

Prosituzione 999

Havoscope redige un listino prezzi aggiornato a livello mondiale delle prestazioni sessuali delle prostitute.

I prezzi dipendono dalla età e dalla gradevolezza delle ragazze, nonché dalla tipologia delle prestazioni richieste.

Le ragazze giovani e belle hanno prezzi maggiori di quelle meno giovani e bruttine.

Infine, i prezzi dipendono molto dalla situazione economica del paese ove sono stati rilevati e dalle prestazioni erogate.

In ogni caso, dal nostro punto di vista, si constata come nel volgere di meno di due anni i prezzi medi siano crollati di tre volte circa.

Questo dato è di interesse, perché la prostituzione è l’unico mercato ragionevolmente libero, ove i prezzi richiesti si adeguano anche molto rapidamente alle situazioni socio – economiche al contorno: Per questo motivo sono un ottimo indicatore della reale situazione economica di una nazione.

Per esempio, una ragazzina di tredici anni costa 5.5 Usd in Brasile, mentre in Germania una prostituta richiede in media 65 Usd per incontro.

Nel Regno Unito una peripatetica chiede 20 Usd, mentre negli Stati Uniti con 40 – 100 Usd si possono ottenere dai 15 ai 30 minuti di incontro con una ragazza minorenne.

* * * * * * *

Questi dati dovrebbero dare da pensare su quanto morda la stagflazione sulle popolazioni.

* * * * * * *


Number of Prostitutes in the World: 13,828,700

  1. China 5 Million
  2. India 3 Million
  3. United States 1 Million
  4. Philippines 800,000
  5. Mexico 500,000
  6. Germany 400,000
  7. Brazil 250,000 children
  8. Thailand 250,000
  9. Bangladesh 200,000
  10. South Korea 147,000
  11. Turkey 118,000
  12. Taiwan 100,000
  13. Cambodia 70,000
  14. Ukraine 67,500
  15. United Kingdom 58,000

* * * * * * *


Prostitution Revenue By Country

  1. China $73 Billion
  2. Spain $26.5 Billion
  3. Japan $24 Billion
  4. Germany $18 Billion (Legal Industry)
  5. United States $ 14.6 Billion
  6. South Korea $12 Billion
  7. India $8.4 Billion
  8. Thailand $6.4 Billion
  9. Philippines $6 Billion
  10. Turkey $4 Billion
  11. Switzerland $3.5 Billion
  12. Indonesia $2.25 Billion
  13. Taiwan $1.84 Billion
  14. Ukraine $1.5 Billion
  15. Bulgaria $1.3 Billion
  16. United Kingdom $1 Billion

* * * * * * *


2022-01-18__ Prostituzione 001

2022-01-18__ Prostituzione 002

2022-01-18__ Prostituzione 003

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Indonesia. Dec21. Import +47.93% Export +35.30% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-19.

2022-01-18__ Indonesia 001

                         In sintesi.

– The value of Indonesia’s exports in December 2021 …. rose 35.30 percent compared to December 2020

– Imports of Indonesia in December 2021 …. increased by 47.93 percent compared with December 2020

– exports of mining and others increased by 92.15 percent compared to the same period in 2020

– The main country destinations of non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 were China at US$5.10 billion, United States at US$2.64 billion, and Japan at US$1.70 billion

* * * * * * *

L’Indonesia è la dimostrazione vivente di come un sistema economico produttivo sano possa non solo sopravvivere ma anche crescere pur dovendo operare in un contesto mondiale in stagflazione.

L’Indonesia è ricca di minerali, che estrae e vende bene, essendo sempre richiesti dai mercati internazionali.

Questa è la chiave del successo: produrre bene richiesti dal mercato senza preclusioni ideologiche.

* * * * * * *


Exports in December 2021 reached US$22.38 billion, imports reached to US$21.36 billion.

                         EXPORT

– The value of Indonesia’s exports in December 2021 reached US$22.38 billion, decreased 2.04 percent compared to exports in November 2021 but rose 35.30 percent compared to December 2020.

– Non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 reached US$21.28 billion, decreased 1.06 percent compared to November 2021 but rose 37.13 percent compared to December 2020.

– Cumulatively, Indonesia’s exports from January to December 2021 reached US$231.54 billion, increased 41.88 percent over the same period in 2020. Likewise, non-oil and gas exports reached US$219.27 billion or increased 41.52 percent.

– The highest decrease in non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 was mineral fuels commodity, in amount of US$880.4 million or decreased 21.32 percent from November 2021. The highest increase was animal or vegetable fats and oils commodity, in amount of US$428.8 million or increased 16.84 percent.

– By industry classification, exports of manufacturing products during period January−December 2021 increased by 35.11 percent, exports of agriculture, forestry, and fisheries increased by 2.86 percent, and exports of mining and others increased by 92.15 percent compared to the same period in 2020.

– The main country destinations of non-oil and gas exports in December 2021 were China at US$5.10 billion, United States at US$2.64 billion, and Japan at US$1.70 billion, with the contribution of the three reaching 44.34 percent. Meanwhile, exports to ASEAN and the European Union (27 countries) amounted to US$3.93 billion and US$1.71 billion, respectively.

– According to the province of origin, Indonesia’s largest exports in January– December 2021 came from Jawa Barat Province with a value of US$33.86 billion (14.62 percent), followed by Kalimantan Timur Province at US$24.32 billion (10.50 percent) and Jawa Timur Province at US$23.00 billion (9.94 percent).

                         IMPORT

– Imports of Indonesia in December 2021 were worth US$21.36 billion, rose by 10.51 percent compared with November 2021, or increased by 47.93 percent compared with December 2020.

– Imports of oil and gas in December 2021 were worth US$3.38 billion, rose by 11.66 percent compared with November 2021, or inclined by 127.95 percent compared with December 2020.

– Imports of non-oil and gas in December 2021 were worth US$17.98 billion, rose by 10.29 percent compared with November 2021, or grew by 38.78 percent compared with December 2020.

– The most significant increase in imports of non-oil and gas in December 2021 was machinery/mechanical appliances and parts thereof which rose by US$401.5 million (15.24 percent). On the other hand, cereals experienced the highest decrease, which reduced by US$135.2 million (38.63 percent).

– The largest trading partner countries of non-oil and gas imports in January– December 2021 were China US$55.74 billion (32.66 percent), Japan US$14.61 billion (8.56 percent), and Thailand US$9.08 billion (5.32 percent). Imports of nonoil and gas from ASEAN and EU countries were US$29.31 billion (17.17 percent) and US$10.97 billion (6.43 percent), respectively.

– Based on Broad Economic Categories (BEC), total of Indonesia imports in January– December 2021 rose US$5,529.5 million (37.73 percent) for consumption goods, US$44,174.2 million (42.80 percent) for intermediate goods, and US$4,924.1 million (20.77 percent) for capital goods.

– Indonesia’s balance of trade in December 2021 experienced a surplus of US$1.02 billion, which was mainly affected by a surplus of non-oil and gas of US$3.30 billion. On the other hand, there was a deficit of US$2.28 billion in oil and gas.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Unione Europea

Carbone. Newcastle future impennato a 193 Usd per tonnellata.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-01-07.

2022-01-07__ Coal 001

«Newcastle coal futures continued to rally to $190 per metric ton in the first week of January, the highest since early November, after Indonesia, the world’s biggest exporter of thermal coal, announced it will ban exports of coal in January, aiming to secure supply to domestic power plants. The Indonesian government had pledged to review the ban on Wednesday but talks were postponed although many companies do not want the ban to continue as the costs of having scores of ships stranded offshore are very high. The ban prompted a global rise in coal prices to start 2022 and could go even higher, as imports to China, Japan, India and South Korea account for 73% of coal exports from Indonesia. Meanwhile, many European countries started using more coal as the power crunch continues and natural gas prices remain elevated. In 2021, coal gained nearly 110% on strong demand and limited supplies.»

* * * * * * *

Ma le tensioni sono su tutte le materia prime.

TTF Gas  +399.93%, UK Gas a +212.76% anno su anno.

Cobalto +93.15%, Brent +47.56% anno su anno.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Diplomazia, Russia

Mr Putin e Mr Xi rafforzano la collaborazione dopo il Colloquio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-25.

Eurasia 001

Mr Putin e Mr Xi hanno avuto un colloquio televisivo, denso di argomenti trattati e di sostanziali progressi. Non tutti i contenuti sono noti.

* * * * * * *

«Russia and China should stand firm in rejecting Western interference and defending each other’s security interests»

«Their conversation, eight days after Putin spoke to U.S. President Joe Biden in a similar format, underscored how shared hostility to the West is bringing Moscow and Beijing closer together»

«At present, certain international forces under the guise of ‘democracy’ and ‘human rights’ are interfering in the internal affairs of China and Russia, and brutally trampling on international law and recognized norms of international relations»

«Kremlin aide Yuri Ushakov told reporters that Xi had offered support to Putin for his push to obtain binding security guarantees for Russia from the West, saying he understood Moscow’s concerns»

«He said the pair also expressed their “negative view” of the creation of new military alliances such as the AUKUS partnership between Australia, Britain and the United States and the Indo-Pacific “Quad” of Australia, India, Japan and the United States»

«A new model of cooperation has been formed between our countries, based, among other things, on such principles as non-interference in internal affairs and respect for each other’s interests»

«I would like to note that we invariably support each other on issues of international sports cooperation, including rejection of any attempts to politicize sports and the Olympic movement»

«The Russian leader said bilateral trade was up 31% in the first 11 months of this year to $123 billion, and the two countries aimed to exceed $200 billion in the near future»

* * * * * * *

Il blocco sino-russo appare ogni giorno sempre più coeso e potente, sia politicamente sia militarmente sia economicamente, mentre l’enclave liberal socialista occidentale perde in continuazione potere militare, politico ed economico. Sta devolvendosi.

Gli Stati Uniti hanno ben poco da fare i gradassi con l’inflazione al 9.6%, e nel blocco europeo gli alimentari sono aumentati del 16.3% in un anno.

Moriranno schiacciati dalla inflazione che non sanno governare.

Ma non hanno perso il vizietto di voler fare la morale agli altri. Chissà chi mai si credono di essere!

Germania. Prezzi alimentari +16.3% su novembre 2020. Ecco la Fame. – Destatis.

USA. Nov21. Sorella miseria e comare fame portano il Producer Price Index a +9.6%.

Superpotenze militari. Gli equilibri sono rotti. Una guerra è opzione appetibile.

Il missile Zirkon viaggia a Mach 9 nella atmosfera: in sei minuti primi copre mille kilometri.

* * * * * * *


Putin and Xi cement partnership in face of Western pressure

– Xi accuses West of meddling in Chinese affairs

– Kremlin says Xi backs Putin push for security guarantees

– Putin, Xi expected to meet at Beijing Winter Olympics in Feb

– Trade between Russia and China rising sharply – Putin

* * * * * * *

Russia and China should stand firm in rejecting Western interference and defending each other’s security interests, presidents Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping agreed in a video call on Wednesday.

Their conversation, eight days after Putin spoke to U.S. President Joe Biden in a similar format, underscored how shared hostility to the West is bringing Moscow and Beijing closer together.

“At present, certain international forces under the guise of ‘democracy’ and ‘human rights’ are interfering in the internal affairs of China and Russia, and brutally trampling on international law and recognized norms of international relations,” China’s state-run Xinhua news agency quoted Xi as saying.

“China and Russia should increase their joint efforts to more effectively safeguard the security interests of both parties.”

Kremlin aide Yuri Ushakov told reporters that Xi had offered support to Putin for his push to obtain binding security guarantees for Russia from the West, saying he understood Moscow’s concerns.

He said the pair also expressed their “negative view” of the creation of new military alliances such as the AUKUS partnership between Australia, Britain and the United States and the Indo-Pacific “Quad” of Australia, India, Japan and the United States.

                         PRESSURE.

The call highlighted the ways in which Russia and China are drawing on each other for mutual support at a time of high tension in their relations with the West. China is under pressure over human rights and Russia is accused of threatening behaviour towards Ukraine.

The Kremlin said Putin briefed Xi on his conversation with Biden, in which the U.S. president warned Russia against invading Ukraine – which Moscow denies it is planning – and Putin set out his demand for security pledges.

“A new model of cooperation has been formed between our countries, based, among other things, on such principles as non-interference in internal affairs and respect for each other’s interests,” Putin told Xi.

He said he looked forward to meeting Xi at the Winter Olympics in Beijing in February – an event that the White House last week said U.S. government officials would boycott because of China’s human rights “atrocities” against Muslims in its western region of Xinjiang.

“I would like to note that we invariably support each other on issues of international sports cooperation, including rejection of any attempts to politicize sports and the Olympic movement,” Putin said.

Putin has used Russia’s partnership with China as a way of balancing U.S. influence while striking lucrative deals, especially on energy. He and Xi this year agreed to extend a 20-year friendship and cooperation treaty.

The Russian leader said bilateral trade was up 31% in the first 11 months of this year to $123 billion, and the two countries aimed to exceed $200 billion in the near future.

He said China was becoming an international centre for production of Russia’s Sputnik and Sputnik Light vaccines against COVID-19, with contracts signed with six manufacturers to make more than 150 million doses.

Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Geopolitica Asiatica, Geopolitica Militare

Giappone. Aumenta di 6.75 miliardi Usd il budget della difesa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-12-01.

2021-11-30__Japan 001

«Producer prices in Japan rose by 8.0% yoy in October 2021, the most since January 1981, …. amid surging commodity prices. Cost surged further for petroleum & coal products (44.5% vs 32.4% in September), iron & steel (21.8% vs 18.1%), chemicals (14.1% vs 12.7%) and non-ferrous metals (31.4% vs 27.0%).» [Fonte]

* * * * * * *

«Japan plans to add $6.75 billion to its already record annual military spending in a rush to bolster air and maritime defenses as it becomes more concerned about threats posed by China and North Korea»

«Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s government on Friday approved the outlay as part of a supplementary budget»

«While such additions to defense spending are common, the 774 billion yen that lawmakers will be asked to approve is the largest amount ever»

«As the security environment around Japan worsens at unprecedented speed, our urgent task is to accelerate the implementation of various projects»

«The cash injection will let Japan, three months earlier than planned, upgrade surface-to-air missile launchers on islands at the edge of the East China Sea and Patriot PAC-3 missile batteries elsewhere that are the last line of defense against any incoming North Korean warheads»

«China’s increasing pressure on Taiwan is causing jitters in Japan because Beijing’s control of the island would bring Chinese forces within around 100 kilometers (62 miles) of its territory and would threaten key maritime trade routes that supply Japan with oil and other goods»

«The extra spending will also let Japan more quickly acquire anti-submarine missiles, maritime patrol planes and military cargo jets»

* * * * * * *

Il Giappone è carico di problemi, tra i quali spicca la stagflazione.

Giappone. Demografia. Tassodi fertilità sceso a 1.34. È crisi devastante.

Giappone. Un vecchio ogni 1.8 giovani. Cina e Russia si leccano i baffi.

Giappone. 2021Q1. Pil -3.9% QoQ, Consumi Privati -6.0%.

Giappone. 2021Q1. Investimenti in impianti e macchiari -7.8 sul 2020Q1.

Giappone – PIL (Prodotto Interno Lordo) (Annuale) -3.0%. [2021-11-14]

* * * * * * *

Il Giappone non nutre fiducia che gli Stati Uniti li difendano in caso di aggressione, e Cina e Korea del Nord sono vicini scomodi, armati fino ai denti.

La conseguenza è semplice, ossia riarmarsi. Ma senza disporre di armi atomiche il suo potere deterrente sarà pur sempre misero.

Infine, a crisi demografica nel medio – lungo termine lavora tutto a favore della Cina, che alla fine occuperà delle isole spopolate.

* * * * * * *


Japan adds $6.75 billion to military budget in rush to bolster air and sea defenses

Tokyo (Reuters) Japan plans to add $6.75 billion to its already record annual military spending in a rush to bolster air and maritime defenses as it becomes more concerned about threats posed by China and North Korea.

Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s government on Friday approved the outlay as part of a supplementary budget. While such additions to defense spending are common, the 774 billion yen that lawmakers will be asked to approve is the largest amount ever, according to Japan’s Ministry of Defense.

“As the security environment around Japan worsens at unprecedented speed, our urgent task is to accelerate the implementation of various projects,” the Defense Ministry said in its spending proposal.

Japan’s Air Self-Defense Force’s F-15 fighter jets, one of the country’s key defenses, fly during a review after the graduation ceremony of the National Defense Academy on March 22, 2020.

The cash injection will let Japan, three months earlier than planned, upgrade surface-to-air missile launchers on islands at the edge of the East China Sea and Patriot PAC-3 missile batteries elsewhere that are the last line of defense against any incoming North Korean warheads.

China’s increasing pressure on Taiwan is causing jitters in Japan because Beijing’s control of the island would bring Chinese forces within around 100 kilometers (62 miles) of its territory and would threaten key maritime trade routes that supply Japan with oil and other goods. It would also provide China with bases for unfettered access to the western Pacific.

The extra spending will also let Japan more quickly acquire anti-submarine missiles, maritime patrol planes and military cargo jets, the Defense Ministry said.

The additional military outlay comes after Kishida’s ruling party in October included a goal of almost doubling defense spending to 2% of gross domestic product (GDP) in election pledges.

For decades the pacifist nation has stuck to a policy of keeping defense spending within 1% of GDP, easing concern both at home and overseas about any revival of the militarism that led Japan into World War II.

The additional spending plan approved by Kishida’s government on Friday also includes pre-payments to defense contractors for equipment to help them deal with coronavirus pandemic disruptions that have hurt their finances.

The proposed supplemental spending combined with defense outlays approved for the year to March 31 comes to about 1.3% of Japan’s GDP.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Materie Prime, Stati Uniti

Usa. Joe Biden rilascia 50 milioni barili dalle riserve strategiche. Benzina a 6 Usd a gallone.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-26.

2021-11-25__ US Gasoline 001

«President Joe Biden has ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve»

* * * * * * *

«When President Joe Biden ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve to help reduce energy costs, he was taking aim at a growing burden for millions of Americans embarking on Thanksgiving travel»

«The step announced Tuesday, done in a rare coordination with several other nations, is among the few things a presidential administration can do to try to lessen the squeeze — and the political threat — of rising inflation»

«→→ The likelihood of providing meaningful relief in the near future, however, is probably low ←←»

* * *

«America’s Strategic Petroleum Reserve holds about 605 million barrels of oil in underground salt caverns in Texas and Louisiana»

«Now the U.S exports more oil than it imports»

«There’s a limit to how much can be released at once. In the past the government has released about 1 million barrels per day. At that rate, the promised influx of 50 million barrels of crude could last about two months»

«The idea is that by putting more oil on the market, prices will fall. That hasn’t happened yet»

«The OPEC oil cartel and its allies will be meeting in about a week to decide whether to increase production or to hold back, a strategy the group often employs to boost prices»

«The coalition Biden assembled — bringing together India, China, Japan, South Korea and the U.K. to tap their strategic oil reserves — is unprecedented»

«Altogether, the group could be adding 70 million to 80 million barrels of oil onto the market»

«OPEC and its allies have oil reserves that can last for decades»

«What many consumers want to know is what’s going to happen to gasoline prices at the pump»

«Really, what we’re talking about are the most price-sensitive consumers in the economy, ….  They may not show up in GDP numbers or recessions, but they show up in vote counts as marginal voters, who may or may not respond in the next election cycle, and I think if we get down to it that’s really what this is about»

«The oil and gas industry employs more than 10 million people in the U.S. and contributes about 8% of the nation’s gross domestic product»

«Companies that supply oil benefit from higher prices. But consumers don’t like it when those higher prices trickle down to the pump»

«It’s the tension between aspirations to decarbonize and the practical concern to have low gasoline prices»

* * * * * * *

Usa. Midterm. Nei sondaggi i Repubblicani superano i Democratici per 13 punti.

Usa. Il 58% degli Elettori ritiene che i media siano ‘nemici del popolo’.

California. Benzina. Prezzo alla pompa 4.682 dollari per gallone.

Usa. Midterm. Biden potrebbe perdere sia Congresso sia Senato. – Abc Poll.

Il costo della benzina alla pompa sfiora adesso i sei dollari al gallone. Ben lontani i tempi nei quali costava cinquanta centesimi. Più passa il tempo e maggiore è la sorda rabbia del Contribuente americano.

* * *


EXPLAINER: What is the Strategic Petroleum Reserve?

President Joe Biden has ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve.

* * *

New York — When President Joe Biden ordered the release of 50 million barrels of oil from America’s strategic reserve to help reduce energy costs, he was taking aim at a growing burden for millions of Americans embarking on Thanksgiving travel.

The step announced Tuesday, done in a rare coordination with several other nations, is among the few things a presidential administration can do to try to lessen the squeeze — and the political threat — of rising inflation. The likelihood of providing meaningful relief in the near future, however, is probably low. Still, any help in easing fuel prices, even modestly, would be welcomed by many Americans.

Here is a look at what’s involved:

———

                         JUST WHAT IS THE PETROLEUM RESERVE?

America’s Strategic Petroleum Reserve holds about 605 million barrels of oil in underground salt caverns in Texas and Louisiana. It was created following the 1970s Arab oil embargo to store oil that could be tapped in an emergency. But the dynamics of the global oil industry changed dramatically in recent years: Now the U.S exports more oil than it imports.

There’s a limit to how much can be released at once. In the past the government has released about 1 million barrels per day. At that rate, the promised influx of 50 million barrels of crude could last about two months.

———

                         WHY DID BIDEN TAP THE RESERVE?

The idea is that by putting more oil on the market, prices will fall. That hasn’t happened yet. But depending on what happens in the rest of the world, there’s still a chance it could work.

Oil prices rose slightly after the announcement. Traders were anticipating the news, and may have been underwhelmed by the details, said Claudio Galimberti, senior vice president for oil markets at Rystad Energy.

“The immediate price reaction is not the final judgment on the effectiveness of this effort,” said Jim Burkhard, vice president at IHS Markit. “It will really be in the months ahead.”

Whether the move is effective depends on several factors.

———

                         WHAT ABOUT OPEC?

The OPEC oil cartel and its allies will be meeting in about a week to decide whether to increase production or to hold back, a strategy the group often employs to boost prices. Earlier this month, Biden had hoped OPEC nations, led by Saudi Arabia, would agree to significantly boost production. But they only made modest increases.

If OPEC decides next week that it wants higher prices, its members could take oil off the market. “Just overnight, they could just offset it,” Burkhard said. “So that’s a big question mark, is how they react to this.”

The coalition Biden assembled — bringing together India, China, Japan, South Korea and the U.K. to tap their strategic oil reserves — is unprecedented, Galimberti said. Altogether, the group could be adding 70 million to 80 million barrels of oil onto the market, he estimates.

“It’s kind of a coalition of oil importers,” he added. “But can they really supplant, or can they really represent a rival to OPEC-plus? The answer is absolutely not.” That’s because the group of importers are using their strategic petroleum reserves, which are limited. On the other hand, OPEC and its allies have oil reserves that can last for decades. “So there is no comparison between the two,” Galimberti said.

———

                         WILL GASOLINE GET CHEAPER?

What many consumers want to know is what’s going to happen to gasoline prices at the pump. Many factors go into the price of gasoline. Refineries buy crude oil in advance, so they’re still working with more expensive oil, and states have differing tax rates that impact the price. Nevertheless, if OPEC doesn’t respond by curtailing production, the influx of oil could lead to a gasoline price decrease of 10 cents to 15 cents per gallon, said Kevin Book, managing director at Clearview Energy Partners. Even if the price drop doesn’t happen, Biden can make the case that he tried.

“Really, what we’re talking about are the most price-sensitive consumers in the economy,” Book said. “They may not show up in GDP numbers or recessions, but they show up in vote counts as marginal voters, who may or may not respond in the next election cycle, and I think if we get down to it that’s really what this is about.”

———

                         WHY DOES OIL MATTER?

The future of oil and gas in the U.S. is a political flashpoint and source of tension, especially as companies and government agencies grapple with climate change and the transition to cleaner sources of energy.

On the one hand, the U.S. oil and gas industry has been praised by some political leaders for creating energy independence. Where the U.S. once relied heavily on imports, other nations now rely on the U.S. for oil. It’s also a job supplier: The oil and gas industry employs more than 10 million people in the U.S. and contributes about 8% of the nation’s gross domestic product, according to the American Petroleum Institute. Any impact resulting from Biden’s release of oil from the strategic reserves “is likely to be short-lived unless it is paired with policy measures that encourage the production of American energy resources,” the API said in a statement.

Companies that supply oil benefit from higher prices. But consumers don’t like it when those higher prices trickle down to the pump.

“The broader drama is this new variable in the oil market: It’s the tension between aspirations to decarbonize and the practical concern to have low gasoline prices,” Burkhard said. “And there there’s a conflict between those two forces. And that’s why we’re going to continue to see dislocations between demand and supply.”

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio

Cina. Con gennaio entra in vigore il Rcep, il più grande mercato libero mondiale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-10.

Rcep 001

Rcep, Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, indica una zona di libero scambio tra 15 paesi asiatici bagnati dall’Oceano Pacifico, più Australia e Nuova Zelanda. È un conglomerato che assomma circa un terzo della popolazione mondiale e poco più di un terzo del pil mondiale.

Adesso siamo solo agli inizi, ma a breve la zona geoeconomica dell’Asia oceanica assurgerà al ruolo di polo principale del mondo.

La prima cosa che salta immediatamente agli occhi è l’assenza dal Rcep degli Stati Uniti, anche se molti paesi entrati nel Rcep avevano consistenti rapporti con l’America. È nella logica delle cose che con il tempo questi quindici paesi rinsaldino i reciproci rapporti commerciali, ai quali seguirà per forza di cose anche un aggrado politico. Sarà un processo lento e graduale dal quale gli Stati Uniti saranno esclusi.

Per seconda cosa, gli Stati Uniti dovranno usare molta diplomazia, arte nella quale non brillano, nel trattare con gli stati del Rcep, per non far precipitare gli eventi e perderli in modo definitivo. Ci si ricordi che gli americani hanno il vizietto di voler fare la morale a tutto il mondo, ed il mondo non ne può di più.

La terza cosa, da ultima ma non per ultima, gli Stati Uniti non sono stati ammessi nel Rcep. Ne sono tagliati fuori.

* * * * * * *

Giappone. Il Parlamento ha ratificato l’adesione al Rcep. – Capolavoro diplomatico.

Cina. Rcep. Non enfatizzato, il vero obiettivo è il controllo del mondo.

Asia. Firmato l’Accordo Rcep. Nasce il più grande mercato libero mondiale.

* * * * * * *


World’s largest trade deal will come into force in January. The U.S. won’t be part of it.

– The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership or RCEP will come into force in January 2022.

– Australia and New Zealand were the latest to ratify the world’s largest trade agreement.

– Other countries that have ratified RCEP include Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, China and Japan, according to Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

*

The world’s largest trade deal — which includes China and excludes the U.S. — will come into force in January next year.

It comes as Australia and New Zealand announced they have ratified the agreement.

The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership or RCEP was signed last year by 15 Asia-Pacific countries. The countries are the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and five of their largest trading partners China, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.

Australia said in a statement on Tuesday that its ratification — together with New Zealand’s — paved the way for the deal to enter into force on Jan. 1, 2022, and allowed RCEP to reach a “milestone.”

New Zealand confirmed its ratification in a separate statement on Wednesday.

RCEP will be in force 60 days after a minimum of six ASEAN members and three non-ASEAN signatories ratify the agreement.

ASEAN countries that have ratified the deal so far are Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, according to the website of Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. In addition to Australia and New Zealand, other countries outside ASEAN that have also ratified RCEP are China and Japan.

RCEP covers a market of 2.2 billion people and $26.2 trillion of global output. The partnership will create a trade grouping that covers about 30% of the world’s population, as well as the global economy.

It is also larger than other regional trading blocs such as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the European Union.

Analysts have said that economic benefits of RCEP are modest and would take years to materialize.

Still, the deal was widely seen as a geopolitical victory for China at a time when U.S. economic influence in Asia-Pacific has waned.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Stati Uniti

Cop26. Débâcle di Biden. Il Powering Past Coal Alliance include solo 48 stati. Non gli Stati Uniti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-11-08.

2021-11-05__ PPCA 001

«The Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) is a coalition of national and sub-national governments, businesses and organisations working to advance the transition from unabated coal power generation to clean energy.»

«The PPCA is at the forefront of the global effort to deliver the Paris Agreement. Phasing out coal-fired electricity is one of the most important steps to tackle the climate crisis.»

«The PPCA encourages all members to endorse the PPCA Declaration – including a commitment to phase out coal by 2030 in the OECD and EU, and by no later than 2050 in the rest of the world. It also offers membership to national governments that are taking ambitious actions on coal phase-out (but that are not yet able to meet the 2030 and 2050 timeframes).»

* * * * * * *

«Countries pledge to quit coal — but the U.S., China and India are missing.»

«New members of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) include Ukraine, Poland and Singapore, bring the total number of national governments involved to 48»

«However, China, India and the United States, the three biggest burners of coal worldwide, have not signed up to the PPCA»

«Twenty-eight countries have joined an international alliance dedicated to phasing out coal, but the world’s biggest polluters are not among them»

«Coal, which fuels more than a third of the energy consumed worldwide, is the single biggest contributor to climate change»

«Other major users and producers of coal, such as Australia and Japan, have also not joined the group»

«The PPCA, whose existing members include the U.K., New Zealand and Germany – Europe’s largest consumer of coal – is working to “advance the transition from unabated coal power generation to clean energy.”»

«According to a May report from the IEA, to achieve a net zero emissions economy by 2050, investments in new unabated coal plants must be stopped immediately»

«Today’s ambitious commitments made by our international partners demonstrate that the end of coal is in sight»

* * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di ragionare.

Solo 48 su 190 stati hanno siglato l’accordo PPCA, Powering Past Coal Alliance, che propugna l’abbandono immediato dell’estrazione e uso del carbone. Ma tra questi figurano anche stati di scarno peso politico ed economico, quali, per esempio, El Salvador,  Ethiopia, Fiji, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Tuvalu, Vanatu.

Ma Australia, India, Russia e Cina sostengono al contrario l’uso del carbone, ed a questi si associano persino gli Stati Uniti. E questa è davvero cosa grossa.

Per Joe Biden ed i liberal europei si profila una clamorosa débâcle, che andrà ad aggiungersi a tutte le pregresse. Loro sostenevano l’abbandono immediato del carbone e lo avevano imposto come ordine del giorno

* * * * * * *


Countries pledge to quit coal — but the U.S., China and India are missing.

– New members of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA) include Ukraine, Poland and Singapore, bring the total number of national governments involved to 48.

– However, China, India and the United States, the three biggest burners of coal worldwide, have not signed up to the PPCA.

– The IEA has said that to achieve a net zero emissions economy by 2050, investments in new unabated coal plants must be stopped immediately.

* * * * * * *

Twenty-eight countries have joined an international alliance dedicated to phasing out coal, but the world’s biggest polluters are not among them.

The new members of the Powering Past Coal Alliance (PPCA), which include Ukraine, Poland and Singapore, bring the total number of national governments involved to 48.

Coal, which fuels more than a third of the energy consumed worldwide, is the single biggest contributor to climate change.

However, China, India and the United States, the three biggest burners of coal worldwide, have not signed up to the PPCA. Other major users and producers of coal, such as Australia and Japan, have also not joined the group.

Some U.S. states and cities, including Philadelphia, New Jersey and Los Angeles, are members, however.

Among the new members announced on Wednesday, Poland is the second-largest consumer of coal in Europe and the region’s biggest coal producer, while Singapore is the first Asian country to join the PPCA. Other additional signatories include Chile, Estonia and Mauritius.

The PPCA, whose existing members include the U.K., New Zealand and Germany – Europe’s largest consumer of coal – is working to “advance the transition from unabated coal power generation to clean energy.”

Some major financial institutions, including HSBC, Fidelity International and Vancity – which all joined the alliance on Wednesday – are also counted among its members.

It comes as coal remained a hot topic at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow on Thursday.

U.K. lawmaker Alok Sharma, who is serving as COP26 president, said, “the end of coal is in sight.”

He noted that it was the first time that countries like Poland, Vietnam and Chile had committed to end the use of coal.

Countries involved have pledged to end domestic and overseas investment in new coal power generation and rapidly scale up the deployment of green energy, the U.K. government said. Developed economies who are signatories have committed to phase out coal power by the 2030s, while the rest of the world’s target is the 2040s.

According to a May report from the IEA, to achieve a net zero emissions economy by 2050, investments in new unabated coal plants must be stopped immediately.

U.K. Business Minister Kwasi Kwarteng said in a statement on Wednesday that the new commitments being made internationally marked a “milestone moment.”

“Nations from all corners of the world [are uniting] in Glasgow to declare that coal has no part to play in our future power generation,” he said.

“Today’s ambitious commitments made by our international partners demonstrate that the end of coal is in sight. The world is moving in the right direction, standing ready to seal coal’s fate and embrace the environmental and economic benefits of building a future that is powered by clean energy.”

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo

G20. Nessun paese ha adempiuto gli Accordi di Parigi del 2015.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-22.

Carbone. Consumi degli stati 001

«lunga promessa con l’attender corto / ti farà trïunfar ne l’alto seggio»

«achieving net zero will be virtually impossible».

Quando l’America e l’enclave liberal socialista europea sembravano essere ancora egemoni, tutti gli stati sottoscrissero gli Accordi i Parigi. Chi non avesse sottoscritto il ‘clima’ sarebbe stato sanzionato.

Ma le parole sono parole: solo i dati fattuali contano.

Gli obiettivi posti erano ‘virtually impossible’, ed hanno fatto la fine di tutti i sogni sradicati dalla realtà: nessuno si sogna di mantenere la parola data.

                         Sources.

Statistical Review of World Energy – British Petroleum

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

* * * * * * *


«Not a single G20 country is in line with the Paris Agreement on climate»

«None of the world’s major economies — including the entire G20 — have a climate plan that meets their obligations under the 2015 Paris Agreement»

«The watchdog Climate Action Tracker (CAT) analyzed the policies of 36 countries, as well as the 27-nation European Union, and found that all major economies were off track to contain global warming»

«The analysis also included some low-emissions countries, and found that the Gambia was the only nation among all 37 to be “1.5 compatible.”»

«Under the 2015 Paris accord, more than 190 countries agreed to limit the increase in global temperatures»

«The report comes less than two months ahead of UN-brokered international climate talks in Glasgow, known as COP26»

«CAT reported that progress had stalled after dozens of world leaders made ambitious new pledges to slash greenhouse gas emissions during the US President Joe Biden’s Climate Leaders’ Summit in April»

«The overall climate plans of the US, European Union and Japan are not sufficient»

«CAT had previously categorized the US as “critically insufficient” — the worst category»

«All signatories were supposed to update their NDCs by July 31 this year under the Paris accord. There are still more than 70 countries that have yet to submit an update»

«India, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are among countries that missed the July 31 deadline. China, the world’s biggest polluter, announced a new target, but hasn’t formally submitted it to the UN»

«Of particular concern are Australia, Brazil, Indonesia Mexico, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, Switzerland and Vietnam: they have failed to lift ambition at all, submitting the same or even less ambitious 2030 targets than those they put forward in 2015»

«The continued use of coal remains a significant policy problem, the report found, with China and India retaining huge coal pipelines. Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan and South Korea are also planning to go ahead with coal use in the future»

«The Australian government, which has said it will keep mining coal past 2030, is also investing money into new gas exploration and infrastructure»

«Cutting emissions is a non-negotiable part of the Paris Accord»

«achieving net zero will be “virtually impossible»

* * * * * * *

I dati riportati in Tabella dovrebbero essere eloquenti.

La relazione fornita dalla Climate Action Tracker dovrebbe essere altrettanto eloquente. Ma se gli stati se ne fanno un baffo degli Accordi di Parigi, i liberal socialisti se ne fanno uno  torciglione di quello che facciano gli stati, e la manfrina prosegue.

Possiamo quindi concludere come il ‘clima’ sia una pura e semplice, ma costosissima, buffonata.

*


Not a single G20 country is in line with the Paris Agreement on climate, analysis shows.

None of the world’s major economies — including the entire G20 — have a climate plan that meets their obligations under the 2015 Paris Agreement, according to an analysis published Wednesday, despite scientists’ warning that deep cuts to greenhouse gas emissions are needed now.

The watchdog Climate Action Tracker (CAT) analyzed the policies of 36 countries, as well as the 27-nation European Union, and found that all major economies were off track to contain global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The countries together make up 80% of the world’s emissions.

The analysis also included some low-emissions countries, and found that the Gambia was the only nation among all 37 to be “1.5 compatible.” As the study only included a few smaller emitters, it’s possible there are other developing countries in the world on track as well.

Under the 2015 Paris accord, more than 190 countries agreed to limit the increase in global temperatures to well below 2 degrees above pre-industrial temperatures — ideally to 1.5 degrees. Scientists have said 2 degrees is a critical threshold for some of the Earth’s ecosystems, and is one that would also trigger more catastrophic extreme weather events.

The report comes less than two months ahead of UN-brokered international climate talks in Glasgow, known as COP26. The event’s president, British MP Alok Sharma, has said he hopes to “keep 1.5 alive” as a global warming limit.

CAT reported that progress had stalled after dozens of world leaders made ambitious new pledges to slash greenhouse gas emissions during the US President Joe Biden’s Climate Leaders’ Summit in April.

“In May, after the Climate Leaders’ Summit and the Petersburg dialogue, we reported that there appeared to be good momentum with new climate action commitments,” said Niklas Höhne, a founding partner of the NewClimate Institute, a CAT partner.

“But since then, there has been little to no improvement: nothing is moving,” he said. “Anyone would think they have all the time in the world, when in fact the opposite is the case.”

Six countries, including the UK, have an overall climate policy that is “nearly sufficient,” according to the report, meaning they are not yet consistent with 1.5-degree alignment but could be with small improvements. The UK’s targets are in line with 1.5 degrees, but its policies in practice don’t meet the benchmark.

The overall climate plans of the US, European Union and Japan are not sufficient to reach the 1.5-degree goal, the analysis found, saying that while their domestic targets are relatively close to where they need to be, their international policies are not.

CAT had previously categorized the US as “critically insufficient” — the worst category — under former President Donald Trump, who formally withdrew the country from the Paris Agreement shortly before the end of his term.

The United States’ domestic emission-cutting target has since been upgraded to “almost sufficient.” However, the US is still insufficient in CAT’s “fair share” target rating, which takes into account the country’s “responsibility and capability.”

Under the Paris agreement, countries submitted their pledges to cut emissions, also known as Nationally Determined Contributions, or NDCs. All signatories were supposed to update their NDCs by July 31 this year under the Paris accord. There are still more than 70 countries that have yet to submit an update.

India, Saudi Arabia and Turkey are among countries that missed the July 31 deadline. China, the world’s biggest polluter, announced a new target, but hasn’t formally submitted it to the UN.

And many countries submitted an “update” without actually increasing their pledge. Brazil and Mexico submitted the same targets as they did in 2015. Changes to those countries’ baseline assumptions make their pledges weaker than they were before, the analysis showed. Russia, the CAT report said, submitted an update that looks stronger on paper, but doesn’t amount to meaningful change.

“Of particular concern are Australia, Brazil, Indonesia Mexico, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, Switzerland and Vietnam: they have failed to lift ambition at all, submitting the same or even less ambitious 2030 targets than those they put forward in 2015. These countries need to rethink their choice,” said Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics, another CAT partner.

The continued use of coal remains a significant policy problem, the report found, with China and India retaining huge coal pipelines. Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan and South Korea are also planning to go ahead with coal use in the future.

CAT also warned that in many countries’ attempts to wean of coal, which is generally the fossil fuels that causes the most emissions, many countries were looking to use more natural gas, which CAT said was being falsely sold as a “bridging fuel.”

The Australian government, which has said it will keep mining coal past 2030, is also investing money into new gas exploration and infrastructure, and “is of particular concern,” CAT said in its report.

Thailand has plans to ramp up new gas as it phases out coal, while the EU is still planning to commit public funding to new gas infrastructure, and various member states are lobbying hard for the continued use of this fossil fuel.

Hare warned against the development of blue hydrogen, based on natural gas, as an alternative to other fossil fuels.

“Gas is a fossil fuel, and any investment into gas today risks becoming a stranded asset. And while interest in green hydrogen has grown exponentially, there is still a large number of hydrogen projects in the pipeline where it’s produced from gas,” Hare said. “Hydrogen produced from gas still produces carbon, and is inconsistent with reaching net zero.”

                         Net zero by 2050

Cutting emissions is a non-negotiable part of the Paris Accord. Carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases trap solar radiation in the atmosphere, just like glass traps heat in a greenhouse. This causes temperatures to rise and drives more extreme weather, ice melt, sea level rise and ocean acidification.

To keep the warming under 1.5 degrees, the world needs to reach net zero by 2050, a landmark UN climate science report published in August showed.

Net zero refers to a state when the amount of greenhouse gas emitted is no greater than the amount removed from the atmosphere.

According to UN Climate Change, just over 130 countries have pledged to cut emissions to net-zero so far. The new analysis by CAT found that even if all of them followed up on their plans, warming would still reach 2 degrees.

If they stick with the policies they have in place, temperatures will likely be 2.4 degrees higher by the end of century.

Temperatures are already around 1.2 degrees higher than they were before humans started burning huge amounts of fossil fuels, so room for error is very limited.

“An increasing number of people around the world are suffering from ever more severe and frequent impacts of climate change, yet government action continues to lag behind what is needed,” said Bill Hare, the CEO of the think tank Climate Analytics and another author of the analysis.

While many governments have committed to net zero, Hare said that without a real action soon, achieving net zero will be “virtually impossible.”

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Commercio

Giappone. Luglio21. Import +28.5%, Export +37.0%, su luglio20.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-23.

2021-08-19__ Giappone Import Export 001

Il Ministry of Finance, Trade Statistics of Japan, ha rilasciato il Report July 2021 (Provisional)

Il luglio 2020 fu particolarmente depresso (-19.2%): di conseguenza il rapporto luglio21 / luglio20 è abnormemente elevato.

Si noti come l’Export verso l’Asia (32.5%) abbia superato quello verso gli Stati Uniti (26.8%).

2021-08-19__ Giappone Import Export 002