Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina, Stati Uniti

Cina e Formosa. Report numerico che ne quantizza i rapporti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-08-10.

2020-03-16__ Pallottoliere 001

Il commercio di Taiwan con la Cina è di gran lunga superiore a quello con gli Stati Uniti. L’anno scorso, la Cina continentale e Hong Kong hanno rappresentato il 42% delle esportazioni di Taiwan, mentre gli Stati Uniti avevano una quota del 15%. Circa il 22% delle importazioni di Taiwan lo scorso anno proveniva dalla Cina continentale e da Hong Kong, contro il 10% degli Stati Uniti. Molte aziende con sede a Taiwan gestiscono fabbriche nella Cina continentale. Nel 2021, le aziende di Taiwan hanno ricevuto 200.1 miliardi di dollari in ordini di esportazione dagli Stati Uniti.

I dati mostrano che Taiwan dipende dalla Cina per gli scambi commerciali più di quanto non dipenda dagli Stati Uniti, anche se questa settimana il presidente della Camera dei Deputati Nancy Pelosi ha appoggiato Taiwan in una visita di alto profilo.

Gli Stati Uniti riconoscono Pechino come unico governo legale della Cina, pur mantenendo relazioni non ufficiali con Taiwan. Tuttavia, i legami economici e commerciali di Taiwan con la Cina continentale e Hong Kong sono cresciuti a tal punto che la regione è di gran lunga il principale partner commerciale dell’isola.

Molte grandi aziende taiwanesi del settore high-tech, come il più grande produttore di chip al mondo, la Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. o TSMC. – hanno fabbriche nella Cina continentale. L’anno scorso, la Cina continentale e Hong Kong hanno rappresentato il 42% delle esportazioni di Taiwan, mentre gli Stati Uniti hanno avuto una quota del 15%. In totale, nel 2021 Taiwan ha esportato beni per 188.91 miliardi di dollari verso la Cina continentale e Hong Kong. Le esportazioni di Taiwan verso il Sud-Est asiatico sono state addirittura superiori a quelle verso gli Stati Uniti, con 70.25 miliardi di dollari verso la regione, contro i 65.7 miliardi di dollari verso gli Stati Uniti. Come fonte delle importazioni di Taiwan, la Cina continentale e Hong Kong si sono nuovamente classificate al primo posto con una quota del 22%. Gli Stati Uniti hanno registrato solo una quota del 10%, dietro a Giappone, Europa e Sud-est asiatico. Le esportazioni di Taiwan verso il Sud-est asiatico sono state addirittura superiori a quelle verso gli Stati Uniti, con 70.25 miliardi di dollari verso la regione, contro 65.7 miliardi di dollari verso gli Stati Uniti. Come fonte delle importazioni di Taiwan, la Cina continentale e Hong Kong si sono nuovamente classificate al primo posto con una quota del 22%. Gli Stati Uniti hanno raggiunto solo il 10%, dietro a Giappone, Europa e Sud-est asiatico.

Negli ultimi anni, Taiwan ha acquistato una quantità crescente di prodotti dalla Cina continentale e viceversa.

Negli ultimi cinque anni, le importazioni di Taiwan dalla Cina continentale sono aumentate di circa l’87%, contro una crescita del 44% delle importazioni dagli Stati Uniti. Le esportazioni di Taiwan verso la Cina continentale sono cresciute del 71% tra il 2016 e il 2021. Ma le esportazioni verso gli Stati Uniti sono quasi raddoppiate, con una crescita del 97%. Nel 2021, le aziende di Taiwan riceveranno 200.1 miliardi di dollari in ordini di esportazione dagli Stati Uniti.

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«Taiwan’s trade with China is far bigger than its trade with the U.S.. Mainland China and Hong Kong accounted for 42% of Taiwan’s exports last year, while the U.S. had a 15% share. About 22% of Taiwan’s imports last year came from mainland China and Hong Kong, versus 10% from the U.S. Many Taiwan-based companies operate factories in mainland China. In 2021, Taiwan businesses received $200.1 billion in U.S. export orders»

«Data show that Taiwan depends more on China for trade than it does on the U.S., even if U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi threw her weight behind Taiwan this week in a high-profile visit»

«The U.S. recognizes Beijing as the sole legal government of China, while maintaining unofficial relations with Taiwan. Still, Taiwan’s business and economic ties with mainland China and Hong Kong have grown so large that the region is by far the island’s largest trading partner»

«Many large Taiwanese companies in high-tech industries such the world’s biggest chipmaker — Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., or TSMC. — operate factories in mainland China. Last year, mainland China and Hong Kong accounted for 42% of Taiwan’s exports, while the U.S. had a 15% share. In all,

. Taiwan’s exports to Southeast Asia were even greater than those to the U.S. — at $70.25 billion to the region, versus $65.7 billion to the U.S. As a source of Taiwan’s imports, mainland China and Hong Kong again ranked first with a 22% share. The U.S. only had a 10% share, ranking behind Japan, Europe and Southeast Asia. Taiwan’s exports to Southeast Asia were even greater than those to the U.S. — at $70.25 billion to the region, versus $65.7 billion to the U.S. As a source of Taiwan’s imports, mainland China and Hong Kong again ranked first with a 22% share. The U.S. only had a 10% share, ranking behind Japan, Europe and Southeast Asia»

«In recent years, Taiwan has bought an increasing amount of products from mainland China, and vice versa.

Over the last five years, Taiwan’s imports from mainland China have surged by about 87% versus 44% growth in imports from the U.S. Taiwan’s exports to mainland China grew by 71% between 2016 and 2021. But exports to the U.S. nearly doubled, growing by 97%. In 2021, Taiwan businesses received $200.1 billion in U.S. export orders»

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Taiwan’s trade with China is far bigger than its trade with the U.S.

– Mainland China and Hong Kong accounted for 42% of Taiwan’s exports last year, while the U.S. had a 15% share, according to official Taiwan data accessed through Wind Information.

– About 22% of Taiwan’s imports last year came from mainland China and Hong Kong, versus 10% from the U.S., official data showed.

– Many Taiwan-based companies operate factories in mainland China. In 2021, Taiwan businesses received $200.1 billion in U.S. export orders, according to the U.S. Congressional Research Service.

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Beijing — Data show that Taiwan depends more on China for trade than it does on the U.S., even if U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi threw her weight behind Taiwan this week in a high-profile visit.

Taiwan came under military and economic pressure from Beijing this week, after the democratically self-ruled island allowed the visit of Pelosi — the highest-ranking U.S. official to set foot on Taiwan in 25 years.

The visit came despite warnings from China, which considers Taiwan part of its territory and maintains the island should have no right to conduct foreign relations. The U.S. recognizes Beijing as the sole legal government of China, while maintaining unofficial relations with Taiwan.

Still, Taiwan’s business and economic ties with mainland China and Hong Kong have grown so large that the region is by far the island’s largest trading partner.

Many large Taiwanese companies in high-tech industries such the world’s biggest chipmaker — Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., or TSMC. — operate factories in mainland China.

Last year, mainland China and Hong Kong accounted for 42% of Taiwan’s exports, while the U.S. had a 15% share, according to official Taiwan data accessed through Wind Information.

In all, Taiwan exported $188.91 billion in goods to mainland China and Hong Kong in 2021. More than half were electronic parts, followed by optical equipment, according to Taiwan’s Ministry of Finance.

Taiwan’s exports to Southeast Asia were even greater than those to the U.S. — at $70.25 billion to the region, versus $65.7 billion to the U.S., the data showed.

As a source of Taiwan’s imports, mainland China and Hong Kong again ranked first with a 22% share. The U.S. only had a 10% share, ranking behind Japan, Europe and Southeast Asia.

                               Growing trade with mainland China

In recent years, Taiwan has bought an increasing amount of products from mainland China, and vice versa.

Over the last five years, Taiwan’s imports from mainland China have surged by about 87% versus 44% growth in imports from the U.S.

Taiwan’s exports to mainland China grew by 71% between 2016 and 2021. But exports to the U.S. nearly doubled, growing by 97%.

Top U.S. purchases of Taiwan’s goods include electrical machinery, vehicles, plastics and iron and steel products, according to U.S. government data.

Many Taiwan-based companies — such as Apple supplier Foxconn — operate factories in mainland China.

In 2021, Taiwan businesses received $200.1 billion in U.S. export orders, according to the U.S. Congressional Research Service.

                         Comparable to Shanghai

According to a 2020 census, about 157,900 people from Taiwan resided in mainland China, a roughly 7% decrease over the preceding decade.

The entire island of Taiwan was home to about 23.6 million people in 2020, slightly less than Shanghai’s population of roughly 25 million people at the time.

However, Taiwan’s economy is larger than Shanghai’s, at about $781.58 billion versus $680.31 billion last year, according to official figures.

In 2021, Shanghai’s share of mainland China’s GDP was 3.8%.

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