Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Iran. Ha chiesto di aderire al Gruppo Brics, Russia, Cina, India, Brasile, Sud Africa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2022-07-02.

Iran 003

Nota.

L’articolo calcola il peso economico usando i pil assoluti al posto degli usuali pil ppp.

Ne consegue che i valori riportati siano sottostimati rispetto alla realtà dei fatti.

Si noti anche come l’articolista sia diventato cauto nelle espressioni.

«Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists»

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L’Iran, che detiene le seconde riserve di gas al mondo, ha chiesto di entrare a far parte del gruppo BRICS, composto da Brasile, Russia, India, Cina e Sudafrica, che Pechino e Mosca presentano come una potente alternativa dei mercati emergenti all’Occidente.

Il termine BRIC è stato coniato dall’economista di Goldman Sachs Jim O’Neill nel 2001 per descrivere la sorprendente ascesa di Brasile, Russia, India e Cina. Le potenze del BRIC hanno tenuto il loro primo vertice nel 2009 in Russia. Il Sudafrica ha aderito nel 2010.

La Russia ha dichiarato che anche l’Argentina ha chiesto di aderire

Mentre la Casa Bianca pensava a cos’altro spegnere nel mondo, vietare o rovinare, l’Argentina e l’Iran hanno chiesto di entrare nei BRICS.

La Cina è di gran lunga l’economia più grande del gruppo BRICS, con oltre il 70% della potenza economica collettiva del gruppo, pari a 27.5 trilioni di dollari. L’India rappresenta circa il 13%, mentre la Russia e il Brasile rappresentano ciascuno circa il 7%, secondo i dati del FMI. I BRICS rappresentano oltre il 40% della popolazione mondiale e circa il 26% dell’economia globale.

Xi ha criticato “l’abuso” delle sanzioni internazionali, mentre Putin ha rimproverato all’Occidente di fomentare la crisi globale.

Il presidente degli Stati Uniti Joe Biden ha dichiarato che l’Occidente è impegnato in una battaglia con i governi autocratici come Cina e Russia.

Il 24 febbraio la Russia ha inviato truppe in Ucraina per ridurre le capacità militari del suo vicino meridionale, estirpare coloro che definisce pericolosi nazionalisti e difendere i russofoni di due regioni dell’Ucraina orientale.

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«Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West»

«The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010»

«Russia said Argentina had also applied to join»

«While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS»

«China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data. BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy»

«Xi criticised “the abuse” of international sanctions, while Putin scolded the West for fomenting global crisis»

«U.S. President Joe Biden has said the West is locked in a battle with autocratic governments such as China and Russia»

«Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists and defend the Russian-speakers of two eastern Ukrainian regions»

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Iran applies to join China and Russia in BRICS club

– Iran applies to join BRICS

– Russia says West is failing

– Argentina also applied to join BRICS – Russia

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Dubai/London, June 28 (Reuters) – Iran, which holds the world’s second largest gas reserves, has applied to join the BRICS group of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa that Beijing and Moscow cast as a powerful emerging market alternative to the West.

The term BRIC was coined by Goldman Sachs economist Jim O’Neill in 2001 to describe the startling rise of Brazil, Russia, India, China. The BRIC powers had their first summit in 2009 in Russia. South Africa joined in 2010.

Iran’s membership in the BRICS group “would result in added values for both sides”, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson said. Russia said Argentina had also applied to join.

Russia cast the applications as evidence that the West, led by the United States, was failing to isolate Moscow after the invasion of Ukraine.

“While the White House was thinking about what else to turn off in the world, ban or spoil, Argentina and Iran applied to join the BRICS,” Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova said.

Argentine officials could not be reached for immediate comment but President Alberto Fernandez, currently in Europe, has in recent days reiterated his desire for Argentina to join BRICS.

China has by far the largest economy in the BRICS grouping, accounting for more than 70% of the group’s collective $27.5 trillion economic might. India accounts for about 13%, with Russia and Brazil each accounting for about 7%, according to IMF data.

BRICS account for more than 40% of the world’s population and about 26% of the global economy.

Since the Iranian Revolution of 1979 swept U.S.-backed Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi from power, Iran has been ostracised by the West and its economy crippled by a myriad of sanctions. It hold’s around a quarter of the Middle East’s oil reserves.

                         Chinese Power.

Chinese President Xi Jinping joined Russian President Vladimir Putin and other BRICS leaders for a virtual summit last week.

Xi criticised “the abuse” of international sanctions, while Putin scolded the West for fomenting global crisis, with both leaders calling for greater BRICS cooperation.  

Putin has said relations with China are the best they have ever been and touts a strategic partnership with China aimed at countering U.S. influence.

U.S. President Joe Biden has said the West is locked in a battle with autocratic governments such as China and Russia.

The United States and European powers blame Putin’s decision to invade Ukraine as the reason relations with the West have sunk to the lowest level since the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis — including the severest sanctions in modern history.

But Putin says the West wants to destroy Russia, that the economic sanctions are akin to a declaration of economic war and that Russia will build ties with other powers such as China, India and powers in the Middle East.

Putin, who casts the Ukraine war as a “special military operation”, blames the United States for humiliating Russia in the aftermath of the 1991 fall of the Soviet Union and threatening Moscow by enlarging the NATO military alliance.

Russia sent troops into Ukraine on Feb. 24 to degrade its southern neighbour’s military capabilities, root out people it called dangerous nationalists and defend the Russian-speakers of two eastern Ukrainian regions.

Ukraine says Russia has launched an imperial-style land grab and will never surrender its territory to Russia.