Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, India, Russia

Dushanbe. Russia e Cina integrano l’Iran nello SCO. Altra débâcle irredimibile di Joe Biden.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-27.

2021-09-27__ Iran entra nello SCO 001

Leaders Of Russia, China-Led Security Blocs Meet To Discuss Afghanistan

«Russia and its Central Asian allies have launched two days of talks in the Tajik capital to discuss the situation in Afghanistan a month after Taliban militants entered Kabul and seized power in the war-torn country.

Leaders of the Russian-led Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) met for a summit in the Tajik capital on September 16, to be followed a day later by a gathering of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), which includes China. ….

Founded in 2001, the SCO initially consisted of China, Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan before India and Pakistan joined in 2017. ….

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi, whose country is an observer member of the SCO and keen to join the grouping, will attend the gathering.»

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Iran to gain Central Asia clout with entry into SCO security club.

«Iran is set to join the Shanghai Cooperation Organization led by China and Russia as a full member, a move experts say will give Tehran more influence over Central Asia — including war-torn neighbor Afghanistan.

“Today, we will launch procedures to admit Iran as a member state of the SCO, and Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Qatar as new dialogue partners,” Chinese President Xi Jinping said via video link on Friday, addressing the SCO Council of Heads of State in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

Xi said he was confident the “growing SCO family” would “be the builders of world peace, contributors to global development and defenders of the international order,” according to an English translation shared by China’s official Xinhua News Agency.»

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Russia. Pakistan, Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union.

«Russia e Cina stanno sviluppando un grandioso progetto strategico per l’erezione di una Greater Eurasian Partnership volta a riunire in una comunità di intenti e di reciproci benefici tutte le popolazioni euroasiatiche, ossia più di quattro miliardi di persone. I loro sono diplomatici dilungo corso, passati attraverso dure selezioni, ben diversi dai ministri degli esteri occidentali, che, tra l’altro, stanno in carica per tempo molto limitato, cambiando di volta in volta l’indirizzo politico.

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Ad oriente prese dapprima campo la Sco, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, nata come meccanismo per favorire la risoluzione di dispute territoriali tra i sei paesi aderenti – Cina, Russia, Kazakistan, Kirghizistan, Tagikistan e Uzbekistan – l’organizzazione è andata progressivamente istituzionalizzandosi, intensificando la cooperazione tra i suoi membri tanto su questioni di sicurezza quanto in ambiti come quello economico, energetico e culturale.

Mesi addietro, senza alcuna tromba trionfante, ha preso corpo il Rcep. …

Adesso sta emergendo il progetto strategico russo della Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union. Come dicono i nomi stessi, sono un piano che si articolerà su decenni, ma che saranno decenni di crescita comune.

“The Greater Eurasian Partnership has two broad economic goals. First, it aims to connect Russia and the EAEU to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). Its second, lesser goal is to move beyond China and connect the EAEU with Iran, India, and Southeast Asia.”»

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                         In sintesi.

– Stati Uniti ed Europa hanno da lunga pezza annoverato l’Iran tra gli stati canaglia, fomentatori del terrorismo, colpendolo con un totale bando e coprendolo di sanzioni.

– Russia e Cina lo hanno invece ammesso a pieno titolo nello Sco, e di lì nella Greater Eurasian Partnership ed Eurasian Economic Union, una unione politica, militare ed economica, organizzazioni basate sulla non ingerenza negli affari interni e su rapporti paritetici.

– Sono improvvisamente mutati gli equilibri geopolitici mondiali a favore del Blocco Euroasiatico.

– Questa ulteriore débâcle della Harris-Biden Administration evidenzia molto chiaramente quanto poco pesino sia gli Stati Uniti sia l’Unione Europea.

Lasciamo alla arguta penna di Maurizio Blondet la descrizione dettagliata della risposta sinorussa all’Aukus.

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La risposta di Russia e Cina all’AUKUS.

                         Integrano l’Iran

 Il magistrale pezzo di Pepe Escobar che ha seguito l’incontro della Shanghai Cooperation Organization e Dushanbe. Titolo originale:

                         L’Eurasia prende forma: come la SCO ha appena ribaltato l’ordine mondiale

Sotto lo sguardo di un Occidente senza timone, la riunione del ventesimo anniversario dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione di Shanghai è stata focalizzata su due risultati chiave: dare forma all’Afghanistan e dare il via a un’integrazione eurasiatica a spettro completo.

Pepe Escobar

I due momenti salienti dello storico vertice del 20 ° anniversario dell’Organizzazione per la cooperazione di Shanghai (SCO) a Dushanbe, in Tagikistan, dovevano venire dai discorsi programmatici di – chi altro – i leader del partenariato strategico Russia-Cina.

Xi Jinping: “Oggi avvieremo le procedure per ammettere l’Iran come membro a pieno titolo della SCO”.

Vladimir Putin: “Vorrei sottolineare il Memorandum d’intesa firmato oggi tra il Segretariato della SCO e la Commissione Economica Eurasiatica. È chiaramente progettato per promuovere l’idea della Russia di stabilire un partenariato della Grande Eurasia che copra la SCO, l’EAEU (Unione economica eurasiatica), l’ASEAN (Associazione delle nazioni del sud-est asiatico) e l’iniziativa Belt and Road della Cina (BRI).”

In breve, durante il fine settimana, l’Iran è stato sancito nel suo legittimo ruolo eurasiatico principale e tutti i percorsi di integrazione eurasiatica sono convergenti verso un nuovo paradigma geopolitico e geoeconomico globale,.

(MB – L’Iran ha oggi due alleati veri, che si chiamano Russia e Cina. Sarà più difficile per Israele indurre gli americani a “bomb, bomb, bomb Iran” e fare canagliate come a uno stato-paria e isolato. Anche la speranza di Biden di trattare di nuovo gli accordi sul nucleare iraniano (che Teheran ha adempiuto fedelmente e Trump ha rotto) strappando a Teheran in cambio della levata delle sanzioni, in più, la rinuncia di missili di portata tale da colpire Israele, non è più praticabile. L’Iran con a fianco la Cina, cliente del suo petrolio e largitrice di investimenti, + può resistere a questo genere di ricatti)

“Dushanbe si è rivelato come l’ultimo crossover diplomatico. Il presidente Xi ha rifiutato con fermezza qualsiasi “lezione supponente” e ha sottolineato percorsi di sviluppo e modelli di governance compatibili con le condizioni nazionali. Proprio come Putin, ha sottolineato il focus complementare di BRI e EAEU, e di fatto ha sintetizzato un vero Manifesto multilateralista per il Sud del mondo.

Proprio sul punto, il presidente Kassym-Jomart Tokayev del Kazakistan ha osservato che la SCO dovrebbe promuovere “lo sviluppo di una macroeconomia regionale”. Ciò si riflette nella spinta della SCO a iniziare a utilizzare le valute locali per il commercio, aggirando il dollaro USA.

                         Guarda quel quadrilatero

Dushanbe non è stato solo un letto di rose. L’Emomali Rahmon del Tagikistan, fedele musulmano laico ed ex membro del Partito Comunista dell’URSS – al potere da non meno di 29 anni, rieletto per la quinta volta nel 2020 con il 90% dei voti – ha subito denunciato la “sharia medievale” dei talebani 2.0 e hanno affermato di aver già “abbandonato la loro precedente promessa di formare un governo inclusivo”.

Rahmon … era già al potere quando i talebani conquistarono Kabul nel 1996. Era obbligato a sostenere pubblicamente i suoi cugini tagiki contro l’”espansione dell’ideologia estremista” in Afghanistan – che di fatto preoccupa tutti i membri della SCO -afferma quando si tratta di distruggere loschi abiti jihadisti di stampo ISIS-K.

La polpa della questione a Dushanbe era nei bilaterali – e un quadrilatero.

Prendi il bilaterale tra il ministro degli Esteri indiano S. Jaishankar e il FM cinese Wang Yi. Jaishankar ha affermato che la Cina non dovrebbe vedere “le sue relazioni con l’India attraverso la lente di un paese terzo” e si è preoccupato di sottolineare che l’India “non sottoscrive alcuna teoria dello scontro di civiltà”.

È stata una vendita piuttosto difficile considerando che il primo vertice Quad si svolge questa settimana a Washington, DC, ospitato da quel “paese terzo” che ora è immerso nel profondo della modalità di scontro di civiltà contro la Cina.

Il primo ministro pakistano Imran Khan è satto in una serie di bilaterali: ha incontrato i presidenti di Iran, Bielorussia, Uzbekistan e Kazakistan. La posizione diplomatica ufficiale del Pakistan è che l’Afghanistan non dovrebbe essere abbandonato, ma impegnato.

Quella posizione aggiungeva sfumature a quanto aveva spiegato l’inviato presidenziale speciale russo per gli affari della SCO Bakhtiyer Khakimov sull’assenza di Kabul al tavolo della SCO: “In questa fase, tutti gli Stati membri hanno capito che non ci sono ragioni per un invito finché non c’è un legittimo, governo generalmente riconosciuto in Afghanistan”.

E questo ci porta all’incontro chiave della SCO: un quadrilatero con i ministri degli Esteri di Russia, Cina, Pakistan e Iran.

Il ministro degli Esteri pakistano Qureshi ha affermato: “Stiamo monitorando se tutti i gruppi sono inclusi o meno nel governo [afgano]”. Il nocciolo della questione è che, d’ora in poi, Islamabad coordinerà la strategia della SCO sull’Afghanistan e farà da intermediario nelle trattative talebane con i leader di spicco tagiki, uzbeki e hazara. Questo alla fine aprirà la strada verso un governo inclusivo riconosciuto a livello regionale dai paesi membri della SCO.

Il presidente iraniano Ebrahim Raisi è stato accolto calorosamente da tutti, specialmente dopo il suo energico discorso programmatico, un classico dell’Asse della Resistenza. Il suo rapporto bilaterale con il presidente bielorusso Aleksandr Lukashenko ruotava attorno a una discussione sul “confronto delle sanzioni”. Secondo Lukashenko: “Se le sanzioni hanno fatto del male alla Bielorussia, all’Iran e ad altri paesi, è stato solo perché ne siamo responsabili noi stessi. Non sempre siamo stati negoziabili, non sempre abbiamo trovato la strada da percorrere sotto la pressione delle sanzioni».

Considerando che Teheran è pienamente informata sul ruolo della SCO di Islamabad in termini di Afghanistan, non ci sarà bisogno di schierare la brigata Fatemiyoun – informalmente conosciuta come Afghan Hezbollah – per difendere gli Hazara sciiti. Fatemiyoun si è formata nel 2012 ed è stata determinante in Siria nella lotta contro Daesh, soprattutto a Palmyra. Ma se ISIS-K non scompare, questa è una storia completamente diversa.

Particolarmente importante per i membri della SCO Iran e India sarà il futuro del porto di Chabahar. Questa rimane la mossa cripto-Via della seta dell’India per collegarla all’Afghanistan e all’Asia centrale. Il successo geoeconomico di Chabahar dipende più che mai da un Afghanistan stabile – ed è qui che gli interessi di Teheran convergono pienamente con la spinta SCO di Russia-Cina.

Ciò che la Dichiarazione SCO di Dushanbe del 2021 ha enunciato sull’Afghanistan è rivelatore:

L’Afghanistan dovrebbe essere uno stato indipendente, neutrale, unito, democratico e pacifico, libero da terrorismo, guerra e droga.

È fondamentale avere un governo inclusivo in Afghanistan, con rappresentanti di tutti i gruppi etnici, religiosi e politici della società afgana.

Gli Stati membri della SCO, sottolineando l’importanza dei molti anni di ospitalità e assistenza efficace forniti dai paesi regionali e vicini ai rifugiati afghani, considerano importante che la comunità internazionale si impegni attivamente per facilitare il loro ritorno dignitoso, sicuro e sostenibile al loro patria.

Per quanto possa sembrare un sogno impossibile, questo è il messaggio unificato di Russia, Cina, Iran, India, Pakistan e i vari ‘stan’ dell’Asia centrale. Si spera che il primo ministro pakistano Imran Khan sia all’altezza del compito e pronto per il suo primo piano della SCO.

                         Quella tormentata penisola occidentale

Le Nuove Vie della Seta sono state lanciate ufficialmente otto anni fa da Xi Jinping, prima ad Astana – ora Nur-Sultan – e poi a Giacarta.

Questo è il modo in cui l’ho segnalato all’epoca.

L’annuncio è arrivato vicino a un vertice della SCO, poi a Bishkek. La SCO, ampiamente liquidata a Washington e Bruxelles come un semplice talk shop, stava già superando il suo mandato originale di combattere le “tre forze del male” – terrorismo, separatismo ed estremismo – e comprendeva la politica e la geoeconomia.

Nel 2013 c’è stata una trilaterale Xi-Putin-Rouhani. Pechino ha espresso pieno sostegno al programma nucleare pacifico dell’Iran (ricordate, questo è stato due anni prima della firma del Piano d’azione congiunto globale, noto anche come JCPOA).

Nonostante molti esperti all’epoca lo negassero, c’era davvero un fronte comune Cina-Russia-Iran in Siria (Asse di Resistenza in azione). Lo Xinjiang veniva promosso come snodo chiave per l’Eurasian Land Bridge. Il gasdotto è stato al centro della strategia cinese, dal petrolio del Kazakistan al gas del Turkmenistan. Alcune persone potrebbero persino ricordare quando Hillary Clinton, in qualità di Segretario di Stato, si è pronunciata in modo lirico su una Nuova Via della Seta a propulsione americana.

Ora confrontare il Manifesto del Multilateralismo di Xi a Dushanbe otto anni dopo, e ricordare come la SCO “ha dimostrato di essere un ottimo esempio di multilateralismo nel 21 ° secolo”, e “ha svolto un ruolo importante nel migliorare la voce dei paesi in via di sviluppo. ”

L’importanza strategica di questo vertice SCO che si terrà subito dopo l’Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) a Vladivostok non può essere sopravvalutata abbastanza. L’EEF si concentra, ovviamente, sull’Estremo Oriente russo e sostanzialmente promuove l’interconnessione tra Russia e Asia. È un fulcro assolutamente chiave del partenariato eurasiatico della Russia.

Una cornucopia di accordi è all’orizzonte: l’espansione dall’Estremo Oriente all’Artico e lo sviluppo della rotta del Mare del Nord, e coinvolgendo tutto, dai metalli preziosi e l’energia verde alla sovranità digitale che scorre attraverso i corridoi logistici tra Asia ed Europa attraverso la Russia.

Come ha suggerito Putin nel suo discorso programmatico, questo è ciò che riguarda la Greater Eurasia Partnership: l’Unione economica dell’Eurasia (EAEU), la BRI (Belt and Road Initiative), l’iniziativa dell’India, l’ASEAN e ora la SCO, che si sviluppa in una rete armonizzata, gestita in modo cruciale da “sovrano centri decisionali”.

                         Grande Asia di sovrani ed eguali

Quindi, se la BRI propone una “comunità di futuro condiviso per il genere umano” molto taoista, il progetto russo, concettualmente, propone un dialogo di civiltà (già evocato dagli anni di Khatami in Iran) e progetti economico-politici sovrani. Sono, infatti, complementari.

Glenn Diesen, professore all’Università della Norvegia sudorientale e redattore della rivista Russia in Global Affairs, è tra i pochissimi studiosi di spicco che stanno analizzando in profondità questo processo. Il suo ultimo libro racconta in modo straordinario l’intera storia nel suo titolo: L’ Europa come la penisola occidentale della Grande Eurasia: regioni geoeconomiche in un mondo multipolare .

Non è chiaro se gli eurocrati di Bruxelles – schiavi dell’atlantismo e incapaci di cogliere le potenzialità della Grande Eurasia – finiranno per esercitare una reale autonomia strategica.

Diesen evoca in dettaglio i paralleli tra la strategia russa e quella cinese. Fa notare come la Cina “sta perseguendo un’iniziativa geoeconomica a tre pilastri sviluppando la leadership tecnologica attraverso il suo piano China 2025, nuovi corridoi di trasporto attraverso la sua Belt and Road Initiative da trilioni di dollari e stabilendo nuovi strumenti finanziari come banche, sistemi di pagamento e internazionalizzazione. dello yuan. Allo stesso modo, la Russia sta perseguendo la sovranità tecnologica, sia nella sfera digitale che oltre, così come nuovi corridoi di trasporto come la rotta del Mare del Nord attraverso l’Artico e, soprattutto, nuovi strumenti finanziari”.

L’intero Sud del mondo, stordito dal crollo accelerato dell’Impero occidentale e dal suo ordine unilaterale basato su regole, sembra ora pronto ad abbracciare il nuovo solco, pienamente mostrato a Dushanbe: una Grande Eurasia multipolare di sovrani eguali.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Diplomazia, Stati Uniti

Xi e Biden hanno avuto una telefonata di novanta minuti. Evitare i conflitti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-12.

Cina Usa Commercio 001

È un Joe Biden screditato in patria ed all’estero per la débâcle in Afghanistan, attanagliato tra una crescente inflazione ed una stagnazione economica, stagflazione, che ha preso l’iniziativa di telefonare a Mr Xi. Ma non è più il Joe Biden tracotante della prima telefonata di febbraio.

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Usa. Nonfarm Payrolls 253,000. La débâcle economica di Joe Biden.

Usa. Corte Suprema rifiuta di bloccare la legge del Texas che limita l’aborto.

Cina. Biden travolto da critiche interne ed estere per la vergognosa débâcle in Afganistan.

Usa. Biden. La Cnn accusa l’Amministrazione delle femmine di mancanza di ‘competenza’.

Usa. The New York Times accusa Biden di aver detto detto cose false

Usa. 2021Q2, PPI 6.2%, CPI 6.5%, PCE 4.2%.

Afganistan. Biden, lo zimbello del mondo. I media lo abbandonano irati. Terrorismo.

Afganistan. La débâcle americana è peggio del Vietnam. È devoluzione dell’America.

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                         Xinhua.

«Chinese President Xi Jinping on Friday morning took a phone call from his U.S. counterpart, Joseph R. Biden, and the two leaders had candid, in-depth and extensive strategic communication and exchanges on China-U.S. relations and relevant issues of mutual interest»

«Noting that China and the United States are respectively the biggest developing country and the biggest developed country, Xi pointed out that whether they can handle their relationship well bears on the future of the world»

«the basis of respecting each other’s core concerns and properly managing differences, the relevant departments of the two countries may continue their engagement and dialogue to advance coordination and cooperation»

«For his part, Biden said that the two countries have no interest in letting competition veer into conflict, and that the U.S. side has no intention to change the one-China policy»

«avoid miscommunication, miscalculation and unintended conflict, and get U.S.-China relations back on track»

                         Reuters.

«U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping spoke for 90 minutes on Thursday, in their first talks in seven months, discussing the need to ensure that competition between the world’s two largest economies does not veer into conflict»

«The conversation focused on economic issues»

«Xi said that if “core concerns” on both sides were respected, diplomatic breakthroughs could still be made»

«The Biden administration, preoccupied by a chaotic U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan, has signaled that ending America’s longest war will give U.S. political and military leaders the space to tackle more pressing threats from China’s rapid rise»

«→→ But Beijing has been quick to seize on the U.S. failure in Afghanistan to try to portray the United States as a fickle partner ←←»

«The senior U.S. administration official told reporters before the call that Washington had been disappointed that Chinese officials appeared only willing to read talking points during recent high-level talks»

«Even so, the official said Biden had not planned to raise the prospect of U.S. retaliatory action or “costs” if China refused to co-operate on a range of issues, including investigations into the origin of COVID-19»

«We also think that essentially Beijing’s actions are quieter than their words»

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Tutti i colloqui di pace sono sempre auspicabili e benvenuti, ancorché ottengano solo piccoli risultati.

In fondo, la Cina richiede soltanto di essere trattata in via paritetica, nel pieno rispetto dell’altrui sovranità, senza indebite ingerenze nelle politiche interne.

Il resto viene di conserva.

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Xi holds extensive strategic communication with Biden

Beijing, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping on Friday morning took a phone call from his U.S. counterpart, Joseph R. Biden, and the two leaders had candid, in-depth and extensive strategic communication and exchanges on China-U.S. relations and relevant issues of mutual interest.

Noting that China and the United States are respectively the biggest developing country and the biggest developed country, Xi pointed out that whether they can handle their relationship well bears on the future of the world, and it is a question of the century to which the two countries must provide a good answer.

With the international community facing many common challenges, China and the United States need to show broad vision and shoulder great responsibilities, he said, adding that the two countries should look ahead and press forward, demonstrate strategic courage and political resolve, and bring China-U.S. relations back to the right track of stable development as soon as possible for the good of the people in both countries and around the world.

On the basis of respecting each other’s core concerns and properly managing differences, the relevant departments of the two countries may continue their engagement and dialogue to advance coordination and cooperation on climate change, COVID-19 response and economic recovery as well as on major international and regional issues, Xi said.

In the meantime, the two sides may tap more potential of cooperation to inject more positive dynamics into the relationship, he added.

For his part, Biden said that the two countries have no interest in letting competition veer into conflict, and that the U.S. side has no intention to change the one-China policy.

The U.S. side, he added, is prepared to have more candid exchanges and constructive discussions with China to identify key and priority areas where cooperation is possible, avoid miscommunication, miscalculation and unintended conflict, and get U.S.-China relations back on track. Enditem

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Facing stalemate in ties, Biden and China’s Xi discuss avoiding conflict in call

Washington/Beijing, Sept 9 (Reuters) – U.S. President Joe Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping spoke for 90 minutes on Thursday, in their first talks in seven months, discussing the need to ensure that competition between the world’s two largest economies does not veer into conflict.

The U.S. side said the “proof will be in the pudding” as to whether the stalemate can be broken with ties between the superpowers languishing at their lowest point in decades.

In a statement, the White House said Biden and Xi had “a broad, strategic discussion,” including areas where interests and values converge and diverge. The conversation focused on economic issues, climate change and COIVD-19, a senior U.S. official told reporters.

“President Biden underscored the United States’ enduring interest in peace, stability, and prosperity in the Indo-Pacific and the world and the two leaders discussed the responsibility of both nations to ensure competition does not veer into conflict,” the White House added.

Occasional high-level meetings since Xi and Biden’s first call in February have yielded scant progress on issues ranging from human rights to transparency over the origins of COVID-19.  

In the months since, the two sides have lashed out at each other almost constantly, often with vitriolic public attacks, sanctions on officials and criticism over not upholding international obligations.

Chinese state media said Xi had told Biden that U.S. policy on China imposed “serious difficulties” on relations, but added that both sides agreed to maintain frequent contact and ask working-level teams to step up communications.

“China and the United States should … show strategic courage and insight, and political boldness, and push Sino-U.S. relations back to the right track of stable development as soon as possible,” state media said, citing Xi.

Asian currencies and share markets strengthened, as investors speculated that the call could bring a thaw in ties between the two most important trading partners of regional economies.

Xi said that if “core concerns” on both sides were respected, diplomatic breakthroughs could still be made in the area of climate change, adding that the issue could add “positive factors” to the relationship.

During a visit to China by Biden’s top climate envoy John Kerry last week, senior diplomat Wang Yi said climate change was an “oasis” in China-U.S. relations but it could not be separated from broader disputes.  

‘PROOF WILL BE IN THE PUDDING’

The Biden administration, preoccupied by a chaotic U.S. withdrawal from Afghanistan, has signaled that ending America’s longest war will give U.S. political and military leaders the space to tackle more pressing threats from China’s rapid rise.  

But Beijing has been quick to seize on the U.S. failure in Afghanistan to try to portray the United States as a fickle partner.

Last month, China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Washington should not expect China’s cooperation on that or other issues if it was also trying to “contain and suppress” China.  

The senior U.S. administration official told reporters before the call that Washington had been disappointed that Chinese officials appeared only willing to read talking points during recent high-level talks.

The official added that the U.S. side saw the leaders’ call as a test of whether direct engagement with Xi could end what had become a stalemate in ties.

“This is about seeing if there is an ability to engage more substantively than we’ve been able to … the proof will be in the pudding,” the official said after the call, describing the tone as candid, but respectful.

But the official also acknowledged that the United States’ ability to change China’s behavior may be limited, and that Washington must largely focus on shoring up competitiveness and rallying partners and allies.

Successive U.S. administrations have complained that Beijing has sought to use endless dialogue as a delaying tactic, frustration with which ultimately led Washington to end an annual U.S.-China dialogue mechanism.

Even so, the official said Biden had not planned to raise the prospect of U.S. retaliatory action or “costs” if China refused to co-operate on a range of issues, including investigations into the origin of COVID-19.

Beijing denies the U.S. accusation that it has not co-operated with the pandemic source investigation.

The U.S. official said it would require a “training period” for the Biden administration to convince Chinese leaders, who are preparing for an important Communist Party congress next year, that Beijing’s stance would not pay dividends.

“We also think that essentially Beijing’s actions are quieter than their words,” the official said. “Their responses to our actions have actually been largely symbolic and frankly their hard line rhetoric isn’t really working.”

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina, India, Russia

Brics. 13mo Summit, con novità. Vogliono un ruolo politico internazionale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-09.

BRICS 001

Il Club dei Brics è formato da Cina, Brasile, Russia, India e South Africa.

«Together, the five-nation group accounts for almost a quarter of the world’s total GDP and over 16% of world trade»

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«Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9»

«The leaders are expected to discuss issues such as counterterrorism, reforming multilateral organizations like the UN or the IMF, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic and regional developments»

«When the term was first coined, BRIC referred to the four prominent emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China. South Africa was added in 2010»

«Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which will also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa»

«India has outlined four priority areas for its chairship including reforms for multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, counterterrorism and using technology to achieve sustainable development goals, according to India’s Ministry of External Affairs»

«it is expected that Afghanistan could be on the agenda»

«The fate of BRICS has diverged since the first summit was held in Russia more than a decade ago. While China and India have grown exponentially, Russia, Brazil and South Africa have stumbled in exerting their influence on the global economy»

* * * * * * *

Cina. Un j’accuse ferocemente e brutalmente rude, e vero, contro gli Stati Uniti.

Cina. Si avvia alla maggioranza nelle Nazioni Unite.

Rappresentando il 25% circa del Pil mondiale ed il 16% dei commerci mondiali, i Brics si apprestano adesso a svolgere anche un ruolo politico globale. È questa una grande svolta.

La Cina da sola può contare su quasi la metà dei voti in aula alle Nazioni Unite, ed i Brics dovrebbero avere la maggioranza dei votanti.

L’operazione sul Fondo Monetario potrebbe essere più difficile, ma i Brics non dovrebbero poter essere ignorati più a lungo.

I tempi stanno mutando molto velocemente.

*


China’s Xi Jinping to attend virtual BRICS summit chaired by India

– Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9.

– Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which would also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa.

– The leaders are expected to discuss issues such as counterterrorism, reforming multilateral organizations like the UN or the IMF, as well as the Covid-19 pandemic and regional developments.

*

Chinese President Xi Jinping will virtually meet his counterparts from Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa during the 13th BRICS Summit on Sept. 9, the country’s foreign ministry said Wednesday.

When the term was first coined, BRIC referred to the four prominent emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China. South Africa was added in 2010. Together, the five-nation group accounts for almost a quarter of the world’s total GDP and over 16% of world trade.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi will chair Thursday’s meeting, which will also be attended by Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro, Russia’s Vladimir Putin and South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa. India currently holds the group’s rotating chairship.

India has outlined four priority areas for its chairship including reforms for multilateral organizations such as the United Nations and the International Monetary Fund, counterterrorism and using technology to achieve sustainable development goals, according to India’s Ministry of External Affairs.

“In addition to these areas, the leaders will also exchange views on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and other current global and regional issues,” the MEA said Monday.

While the Indian ministry did not specify which global or regional issues would be discussed, it is expected that Afghanistan could be on the agenda. Developments in Kabul are likely to directly impact China, India and Russia.

India’s national security advisor Ajit Doval will present at the summit.

Modi previously chaired the BRICS summit in 2016 in Goa. Last year, the meeting shifted to a virtual format due to the pandemic.

The fate of BRICS has diverged since the first summit was held in Russia more than a decade ago. While China and India have grown exponentially, Russia, Brazil and South Africa have stumbled in exerting their influence on the global economy.

Meanwhile, the relationship between China and India deteriorated last year following border clashes high in the Himalayas.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio

Cina. Luglio21. Import +28.1%, Export +19.3%, Saldo 56.588 miliardi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela

2021-08-08.

2021-08-09__ Cina Export 001

                         In sintesi.

«high-tech manufacturing went up by 22.6 percent year on year»

«In the first five months, the total profits made by industrial enterprises …. was 3,424.7 billion yuan, up by 83.4 percent year on year»

«In the first half year, the total value of imports and exports of goods was 18,065.1 billion yuan, an increase of 27.1 percent year on year»

«In the first half year, the exports of mechanical and electrical products accounted for 59.2 percent of the total value of exports»

«The imports and exports by private enterprises accounted for 47.8 percent of the total value of imports and exports»

«The total value of exports was 1,812.2 billion yuan, up by 20.2 percent year on year»

* * * * * *

Il National Bureau of Statistics of China ha rilasciato il Report

National Economy in the First Half Year Witnessed the Steady and Sound Growth Momentum Consolidated.

In the first half year, faced with complicated and changing environment both at home and abroad, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, all regions and departments strictly implemented the decisions and arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, continued to consolidate and expand the achievements made in the epidemic prevention and control and the economic and social development, and implemented accurate macro policies. China’s economy sustained a steady recovery with the production and demand picking up, employment and prices remaining stable, new driving forces thriving fast, quality and efficiency enhancing, market expectations improving and major macro indicators staying within reasonable range. The national economy witnessed the steady and sound growth momentum consolidated.

According to the preliminary estimates, the gross domestic product (GDP) of China in the first half year was 53,216.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.7 percent at comparable prices, 5.6 percentage points lower than that of the first quarter; and the average two-year growth was 5.3 percent, 0.3 percentage points faster than that of the first quarter. By quarter, the year-on-year GDP growth for the first quarter was 18.3 percent, with an average two-year growth of 5.0 percent; for the second quarter 7.9 percent, with an average two-year growth of 5.5 percent. By industry, in the first half year, the value added of the primary industry was 2,840.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 7.8 percent, with an average two-year growth of 4.3 percent; the secondary industry 20,715.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 14.8 percent, with an average two-year growth of 6.1 percent; and the tertiary industry  29,661.1 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 11.8 percent, with an average two-year growth of 4.9 percent. The quarter-on-quarter GDP growth of the second quarter was 1.3 percent.

….

                         Industrial Production Grew Steadily and High-tech Manufacturing Grew Fast.

In the first half year, the total value added of the industrial enterprises above the designated size grew by 15.9 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 7.0 percent, 0.2 percentage points faster than that of the first quarter; specifically, that of the second quarter went up by 8.9 percent year on year. In June, the total value added of the industrial enterprises above the designated size grew by 8.3 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 6.5 percent; and the month-on-month growth was 0.56 percent. In terms of sectors, in the first half year, the value added of the mining went up by 6.2 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 2.5 percent; that of the manufacturing up by 17.1 percent, with an average two-year growth of 7.5 percent; and that of the production and supply of electricity, thermal power, gas and water up by 13.4 percent, with an average two-year growth of 6.0 percent. The value added of high-tech manufacturing went up by 22.6 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 13.2 percent. In terms of products, the production of new-energy automobiles, industrial robots and integrated circuits increased by 205.0 percent, 69.8 percent, and 48.1 percent year on year respectively, with the average two-year growths all exceeding 30 percent. An analysis by types of ownership showed that the value added of the state holding enterprises went up by 11.9 percent year on year; that of share-holding enterprises up by 15.8 percent year on year; that of enterprises funded by foreign investors or investors from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan up by 17.0 percent year on year; and that of private enterprises up by 18.3 percent year on year. In June, the Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index of China was 50.9 percent, staying above the threshold for sixteen months in a row. The Production and Operation Expectation Index was 57.9 percent.

In the first five months, the total profits made by industrial enterprises above the designated size was 3,424.7 billion yuan, up by 83.4 percent year on year, with an average two-year growth of 21.7 percent. The profit rate of the business revenue of industrial enterprises above the designated size was 7.11 percent, 2.05 percentage points higher than that of the first five months in 2020.

….

                         Imports and Exports of Goods Grew Fast and Trade Structure Continued to Improve.

In the first half year, the total value of imports and exports of goods was 18,065.1 billion yuan, an increase of 27.1 percent year on year. The total value of exports was 9,849.3 billion yuan, up by 28.1 percent year on year. The total value of imports was 8,215.7 billion yuan, up by 25.9 percent year on year. The trade balance was 1,633.6 billion yuan in surplus. The trade structure continued to improve. In the first half year, the exports of mechanical and electrical products accounted for 59.2 percent of the total value of exports, up by 0.6 percentage points over the same period last year. The imports and exports of general trade accounted for 61.9 percent of the total value of imports and exports, up by 1.7 percentage points over the same period last year. The imports and exports by private enterprises accounted for 47.8 percent of the total value of imports and exports, up by 2.8 percentage points over the same period last year. In June, the total value of imports and exports was 3,291.6 billion yuan, an increase of 22.0 percent year on year. The total value of exports was 1,812.2 billion yuan, up by 20.2 percent year on year. The total value of imports was 1,479.4 billion yuan, up by 24.2 percent year on year.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Cina. 2021Q2. Pil +7.9% anno su anno, +12.7% negli ultimi 12 mesi.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-07-18.

2021-07-16__ Cina Pil 001

Attenzione!

Mentre i pil dei paesi occidentali conteggiano le sovvenzioni statali, regionali e comunali come se fossero state proventi da lavoro, gonfiando così i valori dei prodotti interni lordi, il pil cinese considera solo quanto prodotto realmente con il lavoro diretto.

* * * * * * *

In sintesi.

– The country’s gross domestic product increased 7.9% in the second quarter from a year ago

– Retail sales rose 12.1% in June from a year ago

– Industrial production grew by 8.3%

* * * * * * *


National Bureau of Statistics of China. National Economy in the First Half Year Witnessed the Steady and Sound Growth Momentum Consolidated.

«In the first half year, faced with complicated and changing environment both at home and abroad, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, all regions and departments strictly implemented the decisions and arrangements made by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, continued to consolidate and expand the achievements made in the epidemic prevention and control and the economic and social development, and implemented accurate macro policies. China’s economy sustained a steady recovery with the production and demand picking up, employment and prices remaining stable, new driving forces thriving fast, quality and efficiency enhancing, market expectations improving and major macro indicators staying within reasonable range. The national economy witnessed the steady and sound growth momentum consolidated.

According to the preliminary estimates, the gross domestic product (GDP) of China in the first half year was 53,216.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 12.7 percent at comparable prices, 5.6 percentage points lower than that of the first quarter; and the average two-year growth was 5.3 percent, 0.3 percentage points faster than that of the first quarter. By quarter, the year-on-year GDP growth for the first quarter was 18.3 percent, with an average two-year growth of 5.0 percent; for the second quarter 7.9 percent, with an average two-year growth of 5.5 percent. By industry, in the first half year, the value added of the primary industry was 2,840.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 7.8 percent, with an average two-year growth of 4.3 percent; the secondary industry 20,715.4 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 14.8 percent, with an average two-year growth of 6.1 percent; and the tertiary industry  29,661.1 billion yuan, a year-on-year growth of 11.8 percent, with an average two-year growth of 4.9 percent. The quarter-on-quarter GDP growth of the second quarter was 1.3 percent.»

* * * * * * *


China’s GDP grew 7.9% in the second quarter; retail sales beat expectations

– The country’s gross domestic product increased 7.9% in the second quarter from a year ago, the National Bureau of Statistics said Thursday. That fell short of Reuters’ estimate of 8.1% growth.

– Retail sales rose 12.1% in June from a year ago, more than the expected 11% level forecast by Reuters.

– Industrial production grew by 8.3%, greater than the 7.8% Reuters estimate.

*

China reported second-quarter GDP growth that came in slightly below expectations, while retail sales and industrial production grew faster than forecast in June.

The country’s gross domestic product increased 7.9% in the second quarter from a year ago, the National Bureau of Statistics said Thursday. That fell short of Reuters’ estimate of 8.1% growth for the April to June period.

“Overall, China’s economy looks to be on track for recovery, with the 6% annual growth goal in reach,” Chaoping Zhu, global market strategist at JPMorgan Asset Management, said in a note.

“However, downside and structural risks in domestic demand are concerning,” he said, pointing to weak growth in long-term credit and uncertainty over market regulation.

Second-quarter GDP rose 1.3% from the first quarter, faster than the 0.6% pace between the first quarter of this year and fourth quarter of 2020. However, the latest quarterly increase was still slower than the 2.6% pace of the fourth quarter.

“China’s economy sustained a steady recovery,” the statistics bureau said in a release. But the bureau added there were still concerns about the global spread of the pandemic and “unbalanced” recovery domestically.

Retail sales rose 12.1% in June from a year ago, more than the expected 11% level forecast by Reuters. The fastest-growing category was beverages, up 29.1% year-on-year.

Retail sales growth has lagged that of the overall economy, and missed analysts’ expectations for the first two months of the second quarter.

Consumption declined year-on-year in May for four provincial capitals — Wuhan, Guiyang, Shijiazhuang and Yinchuan — according to analysis of public data by Pinpoint Asset Management.

Industrial production grew by 8.3%, greater than the 7.8% Reuters estimate.

In the last three months, Chinese authorities have also announced support for companies affected by the surge in commodity prices.

The urban survey unemployment rate held steady at 5% in June, while unemployment for the younger 16 to 24 age category climbed to 15.4% — the same as June 2020.

On Thursday, a cut to the reserve requirement ratio (RRR), or the amount of funds banks must hold in reserve, was set to take effect. Authorities’ initial hint of such a cut surprised investors last week, and signaled concerns of slower growth.

The cut is expected to release about 1 trillion yuan (or $154 billion) into the economy.

Meanwhile, China’s customs agency said earlier this week that exports rose a more-than-expected 32.2% in June.

Exports growth will likely slow in the second half of the year, said Bruce Pang, head of macro and strategy research at China Renaissance. He cited factors such as a high level of growth in the second half of last year and weaker growth in commodity prices.

China’s slower pace of economic recovery “is still clouded with uncertainties and unbalanced growth, as employment, household income, consumption, manufacturing investment, the service sector and private companies have yet to return to pre-pandemic levels,” Pang said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Germania. Annalena Baerbock vuole essere ben più dura con Pechino.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-05-19.

2021-05-18__ Germania Sondaggi 001

La Germania è nel chaos politico.

Secondo l’ultimo sondaggio disponibile, i Grüne avrebbero il 25% delle propensioni al voto, sorpassando la Union (Cdu/Csu) ferma al 24%, crollata dal pregresso 40%.

Se questo sondaggio restasse valido fino al momento delle votazioni politiche, la cancelleria spetterebbe ai Grüne: una svolta storica per la Germania e per l’Unione Europea.

Ma purtroppo il problema è molto più complesso.

Sia che la Union ottenga il cancellierato, sia che lo ottengano i Grüne, la frammentazione dei partiti imporrebbe per forza di cose la formazione di coalizioni di almeno tre partiti, costringendo alla convivenza politica formazioni storicamente politicamente molto differenti tra di loro, per non dire contrastanti. Tutti i partiti politici dovrebbero quindi dimostrare una inedita reciproca tolleranza e diplomazia politica.

Linke ed AfD sembrerebbero, almeno al momento, non candidabili all’ingresso al governo, per cui saranno determinanti la Sdp ed Fdp. Ambedue codesti partiti hanno severe conflittualità interne, elemento che complica ulteriormente le possibilità di dialogo.

* * *

Per quanto riguarda i Grüne, il loro programma politico è del tutto simile a quello dei liberal democratici di sinistra.

In modo particolare, questa somiglianza sarebbe evidente sul piano della politica estera.

«La Cina rimpiangerà Angela Merkel …. una volta che l’ex ‘ragazza dell’Est’ si sarà ritirata a vita privata, dopo le elezioni federali del 26 settembre»

«Finora la cancelliera si è sempre impegnata a smussare le acque. Dopo la sua era, il tono sarà più ruvido»

«L’ultimo episodio che ci parla dei mutamenti in corso (e delle crescenti difficoltà di Frau Merkel sul fronte cinese) è lo stop alla ratificazione a parte della Commissione Ue e dell’Europarlamento all’accordo per gli investimenti che la cancelliera e il presidente Xi Jinping avevano sostenuto con notevole vigore»

«non possiamo più ignorare il contesto più ampio delle relazioni con la Cina»

«La ragione sta nella nuda verità dei numeri: nel 2019 la Cina è stata per la quarta volta il maggiore partner commerciale della Germania, ed è un fatto che l’industria automobilistica tedesca venda più veicoli nella Repubblica popolare che in patria»

«La Cina ha legato le proprie leve economiche ad una molteplicità di iniziative dalle quali, sommate tutte insieme, emerge nientemeno che un modello di ordine mondiale in stile cinese»

«La Germania deve correggere il suo corso: basta con la priorità degli interessi economici a spesa di libertà e multilateralismo. Inoltre è necessario affrontare con più forza i temi dei diritti umani, valutare il ruolo di Huawei nel 5G, chiedere maggiore aiuto da parte della Cina nella difesa del clima globale e pretendere accesso libero al suo mercato»

* * * * * * *

Da ultimo, ma non certo per ultimo, tutti questi ragionamenti dovrebbero tener conto anche del convitato di pietra: la Cina.

Se le Germania e la Unione Europea tirassero troppo la corda, la Cina potrebbe rispondere così come ha fatto con l’Australia.

Australia. La Cina sospende sine die il dialogo economico.

* * * * * * *


La Cina rimpiangerà Angela Merkel.

La verde Annalena Baerbock lanciata verso la Cancelleria: “Con Pechino non dobbiamo essere ingenui”.

*

“La Cina rimpiangerà Angela Merkel”. Il commento della Zeit la dice lunga su quali siano le aspettative sui rapporti tra Berlino e Pechino una volta che l’ex ‘ragazza dell’Est’ si sarà ritirata a vita privata, dopo le elezioni federali del 26 settembre.

“Finora la cancelliera si è sempre impegnata a smussare le acque. Dopo la sua era, il tono sarà più ruvido”, insiste il giornale. I primi segnali stanno già arrivando: Annalena Baerbock, lanciata dai Verdi nella corsa alla cancelleria ed in questo momento l’assoluta beniamina dei sondaggi, ha già fatto sapere che se venisse eletta spingerà con forza per un posizionamento ben più netto dell’Unione europea nei confronti di Pechino: “Non dobbiamo essere ingenui”.  

L’ultimo episodio che ci parla dei mutamenti in corso (e delle crescenti difficoltà di Frau Merkel sul fronte cinese) è lo stop alla ratificazione a parte della Commissione Ue e dell’Europarlamento all’accordo per gli investimenti che la cancelliera e il presidente Xi Jinping avevano sostenuto con notevole vigore: come ha detto il commissario europeo per il commercio Valdis Dombrovkis, “non possiamo più ignorare il contesto più ampio delle relazioni” con la Cina. “Tutto questo certo non è sorprendente”, incalza ancora la Zeit, che si chiede “come il Parlamento avrebbe potuto ratificare il trattato dopo che Pechino ha emesso sanzioni nei confronti degli eurodeputati dei maggiori gruppi parlamentari?”.

                         L’ira per le sanzioni

Una reazione, quella cinese, dettata dall’ira per le sanzioni decise dall’Ue a causa della persecuzione degli uiguri nello Xinjiang. “I deputati sanzionati sono i nostri eroi”, è corso a dichiarare il capogruppo del Ppe, Manfred Weber.  

E’ pur vero che anche la cancelliera – appena due settimane fa, alle abituali consultazioni sino-tedesche – in videocollegamento con il premier cinese Li Keqiang aveva rivolto un appello alla Cina di riprendere “al più presto” il dialogo su diritti umani, insistendo che “vi sono anche differenze di opinione” (vedi alla voce Hong Kong), ma aveva anche ribadito con forza che Berlino e Pechino intendono estendere la collaborazione su molti dossier, “nonostante le molte differenze politiche”, per esempio nei campi dell’ambiente, dello sviluppo e anche dei vaccini anti-Covid.
Tutto questo accadeva proprio mentre al Parlamento europeo si dibatteva sulle sanzioni cinesi: “I ministri tedeschi e cinesi – specifica la Zeit – erano collegati in videoconferenza a consultazioni di governo, come ve ne sono altre con i partner più stretti, per esempio la Francia e Israele”. 

                         Merkel, 12 volte in Cina in 16 anni

La posizione di Merkel, che ripete ancora una volta come l’intesa sugli investimenti con Pechino rappresenti “un’impresa molto importante”, non sorprende: nei suoi ben sedici anni da cancelliera ha compiuto ben dodici missioni in Cina. “Non ha mai mancato mai di sostenere le vittime di violazioni dei diritti, ma non rischierebbe di mettere a rischio le relazioni economiche con Pechino in nome di un gesto politico”, chiosa il settimanale amburghese. La ragione sta nella nuda verità dei numeri: nel 2019 la Cina è stata per la quarta volta il maggiore partner commerciale della Germania, ed è un fatto che l’industria automobilistica tedesca venda più veicoli nella Repubblica popolare che in patria. 
L’intreccio è, insomma, difficilissimo. Molti a Berlino ricordano in queste ore l’altro precedente, quello intorno al coinvolgimento del colosso Huawei nella costruzione della rete 5G in Germania. Quando l’anno scorso nel suo discorso al Bundestag Merkel aveva definito la Cina un “partner strategico” in molti avevano preso nota: a Pechino, a Bruxelles, a Berlino e a Washington.

                         Il 5g

Il retroscena non era solo geopolitico in senso largo: la cancelliera, infatti, non ha mai voluto escludere il colosso cinese dalla realizzazione dell’infrastruttura della telecomunicazione e del digitale di “quinta generazione”, e questo nonostante l’allarme ripetutamente lanciato dall’intelligence di vari Paesi – servizi segreti tedeschi compresi – circa la possibilità che le autorità cinesi esercitino un effettivo controllo su Huawei, che in pratica sarebbe in grado di svolgere attività di spionaggio per conto di Pechino grazie alla propria tecnologia.

La preoccupazione della cancelliera era quella che se Berlino bloccasse le porte a Huwaei il rischio sarebbe quello di ripercussioni negative sulle imprese tedesche dipendenti dal mercato cinese. Una posizione non facile la sua, dato che non solo gli alleati dell’Spd, ma anche diversi ambienti interni alla Cdu si sono detti contrari a proseguire la politica delle “porte aperte” nei confronti del colosso cinese, continuando a chiedere specifiche restrizioni e chiari paletti, soprattutto in tema sicurezza.   

                         Usa in contrapposizione

Non finisce qui: c’è anche la Casa Bianca a soffiare sul collo. Com’è noto, l’amministrazione di Joe Biden verso Pechino ha mantenuto la linea di una contrapposizione netta del predecessore, ma è altrettanto noto che la Germania sia più sensibile ai richiami di Washington adesso che non ai tempi della presidenza Trump. A maggior ragione considerando il fatto che in Germania il clima verso la Cina sembra essere mutato individuando il grande dragone come un “rivale sistemico” – così è stato definito dall’Associazione degli industriali tedeschi – che con i suoi investimenti globali crea un sistema di dipendenze da cui risulta sempre più difficile districarsi.

    Ecco che si moltiplicano gli appelli: “La Cina ha legato le proprie leve economiche ad una molteplicità di iniziative dalle quali, sommate tutte insieme, emerge nientemeno che un modello di ordine mondiale in stile cinese”, attacca per esempio la Sueddeutsche Zeitung.

                         I diritti umani

Picchiava duro, tempo fa, anche il Tagesspiegel: “La Germania deve correggere il suo corso: basta con la priorità degli interessi economici a spesa di libertà e multilateralismo. Inoltre è necessario affrontare con più forza i temi dei diritti umani, valutare il ruolo di Huawei nel 5G, chiedere maggiore aiuto da parte della Cina nella difesa del clima globale e pretendere accesso libero al suo mercato”.    

E allora si guarda a quello che sarà il futuro esecutivo tedesco: il pensiero non può non correre ai Verdi, senza i quali – stando ai sondaggi oramai stabili da settimane, per non dire mesi – non sembra possibile maggioranza di governo. “Ed è probabile che lo scontro sarà portato anche sulla scena aperta”, aggiunge di nuovo la Zeit, “che si tratti della repressione degli uiguri e del movimento democratico di Hong Kong o delle minacce nei confronti di Taiwan”.

Le parole di Baerbock, la candidata del partito ambientalista, vanno esattamente in questa direzione: “Le democrazie liberali devono tenere alti i propri valori”. La giovane leader – a cui vengono accreditate non poche chance di prendere il posto di Merkel dopo le elezioni di settembre – ritiene che Pechino rappresenti “un pericolo”, a causa della politica economica volta a creare dipendenze attraverso gli investimenti nelle infrastrutture: “Questo è il punto decisivo sul quale noi europei dobbiamo essere estremamente vigili”.

                         Uno scudo per l’Europa

 Tra le contromosse ipotizzata dalla numero uno dei Verdi vi è anche la creazione di una sorta di scudo di protezione per l’Europa con investimenti diretti e mettendo in piedi trattati commerciali “equi” che preservino altri Paesi dal rendersi legati mani e piedi da Pechino. Certo, ha aggiunto, anche se la Cina “è un mercato troppo grande perché l’Ue possa chiudersi a esso”, una politica che seguisse solo la via degli interessi “lasciando per strada i valori” finirebbe per ritorcersi contro l’Europa.     

E’ anche una questione di equilibri globali. In pratica, la domanda che ci si ripete a Berlino è la stessa che pochi giorni fa si è posto Thomas Friedman sulle colonne del New York Times: “Proprio quando la Cina, la Russia e l’Iran stanno sfidando l’ordine globale più aggressivamente che mai, molti si chiedono se gli Stati Uniti abbiano ancora l’energia, gli alleati e le risorse per una nuova rissa geopolitica”. Messaggio che trova interlocutori sempre più sensibili anche all’ombra della Porta di Brandeburgo.

Pubblicato in: Cina

Cina. Boao Forum for Asia 2021. Mr Xi ha tenuto un discorso da statista.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-04-23.

Cina 017

Al Boao Forum for Asia il Presidente Mr Xi ha tenuto il discorso di prolusione, dimostrandosi statista di grande levatura. Anche se parlava per l’Asia, i concetti espressi dovrebbero improntare il comportamento politico di tutto il mondo.

* * * * * * *

«China’s Xi calls for fairer world order as rivalry with U.S. deepens»

«Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday called for a rejection of hegemonic power structures in global governance»

«Speaking at the annual Boao Forum for Asia, Xi criticised efforts by some countries to “build barriers” and “decouple”»

«China has long called for reforms of the global governance system to better reflect a more diverse range of perspectives and values from the international community, including its own, instead of those of a few major nations»

«The world wants justice, not hegemony»

«A big country should look like a big country by showing that it is shouldering more responsibility»

«On Friday, U.S. President Joe Biden held his first face-to-face White House summit since taking office, in a meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga in which China topped the agenda. Both leaders said they “share serious concerns” about the human rights situation in Hong Kong and China’s Xinjiang region, where Washington has said Beijing is perpetrating a genocide against Muslim Uighurs»

«China has denied abuses»

«The biggest experience that China’s accession to the World Trade Organization 20 years ago is that we Chinese are not afraid of competition»

* * *

«April 20 (Xinhua)Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday delivered a keynote speech via video at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2021»

«This year marks the 20th anniversary of the Boao Forum. Over these two decades, Asian countries have advanced regional economic integration and worked in unison to pursue both economic and social development, which has turned Asia into the most vibrant and promising region in the global economy»

«Now, the combined forces of changes and a pandemic both unseen in a century have brought the world into a phase of fluidity and transformation»

«China calls on all countries in Asia and beyond to answer the call of our times, defeat the pandemic through solidarity, strengthen global governance, and keep pursuing a community with a shared future for mankind.»

«→ Abbiamo bisogno di una consultazione su un piano di parità per creare un futuro di benefici condivisi ←»

«Global governance should reflect the evolving political and economic landscape in the world …. We need to follow the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, uphold true multilateralism, and make the global governance system more fair and equitable»

«→ We must not let the rules set by one or a few countries be imposed on others ←»

«We need to promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, deepen regional economic integration, and enhance supply, industrial, data and human resources chains, with a view to building an open world economy»

«→ We need solidarity and cooperation to create a future of health and security ←»

«The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities must be upheld, and concerns of developing countries on capital, technology and capacity building must be addressed»

«→ We need commitment to justice to create a future of mutual respect and mutual learning ←»

«we must reject  the cold-war and zero-sum mentality and oppose a new “Cold War” and ideological confrontation in whatever forms. In state-to-state relations, the principles of equality, mutual respect and mutual trust must be put front and center»

«We must advocate peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom, which are common values of humanity, and encourage exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations to promote the progress of human civilization»

«→ Bossing others around or meddling in others’ internal affairs would not get one any support ←»

«I have noted on various occasions that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a public road open to all, not a private path owned by one single party»

«However strong it may grow, China will never seek hegemony, expansion, or a sphere of influence. Nor will China ever engage in an arms race»

* * * * * * *

China’s Xi calls for fairer world order as rivalry with U.S. deepens

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday called for a rejection of hegemonic power structures in global governance, amid growing tensions between Washington and Beijing over a widening range of issues including alleged human rights abuses.

Speaking at the annual Boao Forum for Asia, Xi criticised efforts by some countries to “build barriers” and “decouple”, which he said would harm others and benefit no one.

China has long called for reforms of the global governance system to better reflect a more diverse range of perspectives and values from the international community, including its own, instead of those of a few major nations.

It has also repeatedly clashed with the biggest stakeholders in world governance, particularly the United States, over a range of issues from human rights to China’s economic influence over other countries.

“The world wants justice, not hegemony,” Xi said in remarks broadcast to the forum.

“A big country should look like a big country by showing that it is shouldering more responsibility,” he said.

While Xi did not identify any country in his remarks, Chinese officials have in recent times referred to U.S. “hegemony” in public criticisms of Washington’s global projection of power in trade and geopolitics.

On Friday, U.S. President Joe Biden held his first face-to-face White House summit since taking office, in a meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga in which China topped the agenda.

Both leaders said they “share serious concerns” about the human rights situation in Hong Kong and China’s Xinjiang region, where Washington has said Beijing is perpetrating a genocide against Muslim Uighurs. China has denied abuses.

In a display of economic cooperation to the exclusion of China, Biden said Japan and the United States would jointly invest in areas such as 5G technology, artificial intelligence, quantum computing, genomics and semiconductor supply chains.

As the Biden administration rallies other democratic allies to harden their stance on China, Beijing is seeking to strengthen ties with its autocratic partners and economically dependent neighbours in Southeast Asia.

Chinese speakers at the Boao forum, Asia’s answer to Davos, also affirmed Beijing’s commitment to global free trade.

China’s trade practices were a focus of an intense tariff war between Beijing and Washington under the Trump administration, with the United States accusing Beijing of unfair subsidiaries that give Chinese companies unfair advantage abroad and forced transfers of technology and intellectual property.

“The biggest experience that China’s accession to the World Trade Organization 20 years ago is that we Chinese are not afraid of competition,” Long Yongtu,China’s former chief negotiator for the China’s WTO entry in 2001, told the forum on Monday.

                         SHARED INTERESTS

However, despite the persistent confrontation between the U.S. administration and China, both sides have rediscovered a common interest in battling climate change, after bilateral talks on fighting greenhouse emissions fizzled out during the Trump era.

Last week, U.S. climate envoy John Kerry flew to Shanghai to meet with his Chinese counterpart in the first high-level visit to China by a Biden administration official.

Both agreed on concrete actions “in the 2020s” to reduce emissions.

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Full Text: Keynote speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2021 .

April 20 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping on Tuesday delivered a keynote speech via video at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2021.

Please see the attachment for the translation of the full text of the speech. Enditem

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Full Text: Keynote speech by Chinese President Xi Jinping at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2021

* * * * * * *

Pulling Together Through Adversity and Toward a Shared Future for All.

Keynote Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping

President of the People’s Republic of China

At the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2021

20 April 2021

Your Excellencies Heads of State and Government,

Your Excellencies Heads of International Organizations,

Your Excellencies Members of the Board of Directors of the Boao Forum for Asia,

Distinguished Guests,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Dear Friends,

“True friendship brings people close however far apart they may be.” It gives me great pleasure to attend the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2021 and meet you all in this cloud meeting. Let me begin by extending, on behalf of the Chinese government and people and also in my own name, a warm welcome to all the guests participating both in person and online, and cordial greetings and best wishes to all friends old and new.

This year marks the 20th anniversary of the Boao Forum. Over these two decades, Asian countries have advanced regional economic integration and worked in unison to pursue both economic and social development, which has turned Asia into the most vibrant and promising region in the global economy. Asia has also stood with the rest of the world in the face of terrorism, the Indian Ocean tsunami, the international financial crisis, COVID-19 and other traditional and non-traditional security threats, which has helped maintain stability and security in the region. As an important member of the Asian family, China has kept deepening reform and opening-up while promoting regional cooperation, thus achieving progress and development in tandem with the rest of Asia and the world. It is fair to say that this Forum has borne witness to the extraordinary journey of China, of Asia and of the world, and has exerted a significant influence in boosting development in Asia and beyond.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

This year’s annual conference is convened against a very special background. The theme of the conference—“A World in Change: Join Hands to Strengthen Global Governance and Advance Belt and Road Cooperation”—is most opportune and relevant under the current circumstances.

Now, the combined forces of changes and a pandemic both unseen in a century have brought the world into a phase of fluidity and transformation. Instability and uncertainty are clearly on the rise. Humanity is facing growing governance deficit, trust deficit, development deficit, and peace deficit. Much remains to be done to achieve universal security and common development. That said, there is no fundamental change in the trend toward a multi-polar world; economic globalization is showing renewed resilience; and the call for upholding multilateralism and enhancing communication and coordination has grown stronger. While we live in an age rife with challenges, it is also an age full of hope.

Where should humanity go from here? What kind of future should we create for future generations? As we try to answer these important questions, it is crucial that we bear in mind the shared interests of mankind and make responsible and wise choices.

China calls on all countries in Asia and beyond to answer the call of our times, defeat the pandemic through solidarity, strengthen global governance, and keep pursuing a community with a shared future for mankind.

                         — We need consultation on an equal footing to create a future of shared benefits.

Global governance should reflect the evolving political and economic landscape in the world, conform to the historical trend of peace, development and win-win cooperation, and meet the practical needs in addressing global challenges. We need to follow the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, uphold true multilateralism, and make the global governance system more fair and equitable. We need to safeguard the UN-centered international system, preserve the international order underpinned by international law, and uphold the multilateral trading system with the World Trade Organization at its core. World affairs should be handled through extensive consultation, and the future of the world should be decided by all countries working together. We must not let the rules set by one or a few countries be imposed on others, or allow unilateralism pursued by certain countries to set the pace for the whole world. What we need in today’s world is justice, not hegemony. Big countries should behave in a manner befitting their status and with a greater sense of responsibility.

                         — We need openness and innovation to create a future of development and prosperity.

Openness is essential for development and progress. It also holds the key to post-COVID economic recovery. We need to promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, deepen regional economic integration, and enhance supply, industrial, data and human resources chains, with a view to building an open world economy. We need to deepen partnerships for connectivity and strengthen infrastructural links to keep the arteries of economic activities unclogged. We must seize the historical opportunities in a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, boost the digital economy, and step up exchanges and cooperation in such areas as artificial intelligence, biomedicine and modern energy, so that the fruits of scientific and technological innovation can be turned into greater benefits for people in all countries. In this age of economic globalization, openness and integration is an unstoppable historical trend. Attempts to “erect walls” or “decouple” run counter to the law of economics and market principles. They would hurt others’ interests without benefiting oneself.

                         — We need solidarity and cooperation to create a future of health and security.

In the ongoing fight against COVID-19, victory will be ours at the end of the day. We must put people and their lives above anything else, scale up information sharing and collective efforts, enhance public health and medical cooperation, and give full play to the key role of the World Health Organization (WHO). It is important that we bolster international cooperation on the R&D, production and distribution of vaccines and increase their accessibility and affordability in developing countries so that everyone in the world can access and afford the vaccines they need. It is also important that we take comprehensive measures to improve global governance on public health security and work together for a global community of health for all. We need to follow the philosophy of green development, advance international cooperation on climate change, and do more to implement the Paris Agreement on climate change. The principle of common but differentiated responsibilities must be upheld, and concerns of developing countries on capital, technology and capacity building must be addressed.

                         — We need commitment to justice to create a future of mutual respect and mutual learning.

Diversity is what defines our world and makes human civilization fascinating. The COVID-19 pandemic has made it all the more clear to people around the world that we must reject  the cold-war and zero-sum mentality and oppose a new “Cold War” and ideological confrontation in whatever forms. In state-to-state relations, the principles of equality, mutual respect and mutual trust must be put front and center. Bossing others around or meddling in others’ internal affairs would not get one any support. We must advocate peace, development, equity, justice, democracy and freedom, which are common values of humanity, and encourage exchanges and mutual learning among civilizations to promote the progress of human civilization.

In this context, I would like to announce that once the pandemic gets under control, China will host the second Conference on Dialogue of Asian Civilizations as part of our active efforts to promote inter-civilization dialogue in Asia and beyond.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

I have noted on various occasions that the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is a public road open to all, not a private path owned by one single party. All interested countries are welcome aboard to take part in the cooperation and share in its benefits. Belt and Road cooperation pursues development, aims at mutual benefits, and conveys a message of hope.

Going forward, we will continue to work with other parties in high-quality Belt and Road cooperation. We will follow the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, and champion the philosophy of open, green and clean cooperation, in a bid to make Belt and Road cooperation high-standard, people-centered and sustainable. 

                         — We will build a closer partnership for health cooperation.

Chinese businesses have already started joint vaccine production in BRI participating countries such as Indonesia, Brazil, the United Arab Emirates, Malaysia, Pakistan and Turkey. We will expand cooperation with various parties in infectious disease control, public health, traditional medicine and other areas to jointly protect the lives and health of people in all countries.

                         — We will build a closer partnership for connectivity.

China will work with all sides to promote “hard connectivity” of infrastructure and “soft connectivity” of rules and standards, ensure unimpeded channels for trade and investment cooperation, and actively develop Silk Road e-commerce, all in a bid to open up a bright prospect for integrated development.

                         — We will build a closer partnership for green development.

We could strengthen cooperation on green infrastructure, green energy and green finance, and improve the BRI International Green Development Coalition, the Green Investment Principles for the Belt and Road Development, and other multilateral cooperation platforms to make green a defining feature of Belt and Road cooperation.

                         — We will build a closer partnership for openness and inclusiveness. A World Bank report suggests that by 2030, Belt and Road projects could help lift 7.6 million people from extreme poverty and 32 million people from moderate poverty across the world. We will act in the spirit of openness and inclusiveness as we work with all willing participants to build the BRI into a pathway to poverty alleviation and growth, which will contribute positively to the common prosperity of humankind.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

The year 2021 marks the centenary of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Over the last century, the CPC has striven forward against all odds in a relentless pursuit of happiness for the Chinese people, rejuvenation for the Chinese nation, and the common good for the world. As a result, the Chinese nation has achieved a great transformation from standing up to growing rich, and to becoming stronger, and has thus made a notable contribution to human civilization and progress. China will continue to play its part in building world peace, promoting global development, and defending international order.

China will stay committed to peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit, develop friendship and cooperation with other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, and promote a new type of international relations. China will continue to carry out anti-COVID cooperation with the WHO and other countries, honor its commitment of making vaccines a global public good, and do more to help developing countries defeat the virus. However strong it may grow, China will never seek hegemony, expansion, or a sphere of influence. Nor will China ever engage in an arms race. China will take an active part in multilateral cooperation on trade and investment, fully implement the Foreign Investment Law and its supporting rules and regulations, cut further the negative list on foreign investment, continue to develop the Hainan Free Trade Port, and develop new systems for a higher-standard open economy. All are welcome to share in the vast opportunities of the Chinese market.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

Friends,

“By setting sail together, we could ride the wind, break the waves, and brave the journey of ten thousand miles.” We may at times encounter stormy waves and dangerous rapids, but as long as we pool our efforts and keep to the right direction, the giant vessel of human development will stay on an even keel and sail toward a brighter future.

Thank you.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina

Cina. Fixed Assets, +35.0% anno su anno, +3.5% sui primi due mesi 2019.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-17.

2021-03-16__ Cina - Investimenti in fixed assets (Annuale) 001

In sintesi.

– In the first two months, the investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) reached 4,523.6 billion yuan, up by 35.0 percent year on year

– by 3.5 percent compared with the first two months in 2019

– with the average two-year growth of 1.7 percent

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Il National Bureau of Statistics of China ha rilasciato il Report The National Economy Maintained the Momentum of Recovery in the First Two Months.

«In the first two months, under the strong leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the efforts made by all regions and departments to coordinate both the epidemic prevention and control and the economic and social development continued to deliver results, the industry and exports grew fast, investment and consumption recovered steadily, employment and prices were generally stable, people’s basic livelihoods were safeguarded and the national economy sustained steady recovery. Compared with the same period last year, the year-on-year growth rates of major indicators were high due to a low base of the same period in 2020. After deducting the base effects, major indicators grew steadily and macro economic indicators were within reasonable range.»

«In the first two months, the investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) reached 4,523.6 billion yuan, up by 35.0 percent year on year and by 3.5 percent compared with the first two months in 2019, with the average two-year growth of 1.7 percent. Specifically, the investment in infrastructure grew by 36.6 percent, an average two-year decrease of 1.6 percent; the investment in manufacturing grew by 37.3 percent, an average two-year decrease of 3.4 percent; the investment in real estate development grew by 38.3 percent, an average two-year growth of 7.6 percent. The floor space of commercial buildings sold reached 173.63 million square meters, up by 104.9 percent year on year with the average two-year growth of 11.0 percent; and the total sales of commercial buildings were 1,915.1 billion yuan, up by 133.4 percent with the average two-year growth of 22.3 percent. By industry, the investment in the primary industry went up by 61.3 percent year on year, an average two-year growth of 15.8 percent; the secondary industry up by 34.1 percent, an average two-year decrease of 1.8 percent; the tertiary industry up by 34.6 percent, an average two-year growth of 2.8 percent. The private investment went up by 36.4 percent, an average two-year growth of 1.4 percent. The investment in high-tech industry grew by 50.1 percent year on year, of which the investment in high-tech manufacturing and high-tech services grew by 50.3 percent and 49.8 percent respectively. In terms of high-tech manufacturing, the investment in manufacturing of computers and office equipment and in manufacturing of medical equipment, measuring instrument and equipment grew by 99.5 percent and 66.6 percent. In terms of high-tech services, the investment in e-commerce services and research, development and design services went up by 88.4 percent and 85.3 percent respectively. The investment in social sectors grew by 48.0 percent year on year. Specifically, the investment in health sector and education sector grew by 63.0 percent and 53.0 percent respectively. In February, the investment in fixed assets grew by 2.43 percent month on month.»

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Si noti come in questo caso il confronto anno su anno risulti essere numericamente esatto, ma poco aderente alla realtà.

Infatti, il divisore inerisce un periodo di severa crisi economica.

Molto correttamente il National Bureau of Statistics of China riporta il confronto sui primi due mesi del 2019, ossia un periodo di tempo pre-crisi da Covid.

Investimenti per 4.5 trilioni di yuan in un anno sono quasi equivalenti allo stimolo una tantum progettato negli Usa da Biden.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Medio Oriente

Qatar e Cina. Si prospetta una partnership strategica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-02-25.

Golfo Persico Qatar 001

«Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani on Saturday held a meeting with visiting senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi, during which the two sides vowed to boost cooperation and deepen the China-Qatar strategic partnership»

«Yang, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s cordial greetings to the Qatari emir»

«Yang said that under the personal care and guidance of the leaders of the two countries, the China-Qatar ties have witnessed rapid development in terms of pace and depth, with political mutual trust constantly strengthened and pragmatic cooperation displaying strong vitality»

«He noted that China supports Qatar in exploring independently a development path suited to its national conditions, and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and security»

«China supports Qatar in playing a bigger role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to work together with Qatar to practice multilateralism with concrete actions and safeguard the common interests of developing countries»

«Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests»

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Il Qatar ha una posizione geografica strategica nel Golfo Persico, fatto questo che aumenta il valore di avere buoni rapporti politici ed economici.

Xinhua è sempre molto sobria nel riportare i fatti, ma una frase è patognomonica.

«Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests»

Si tenga anche conto come il Qatar voti in sede Onu, e come in tale assise abbia numerosi amici.

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Qatar, China vow to enhance cooperation, deepen strategic partnership

DOHA, Feb. 20 (Xinhua) — Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani on Saturday held a meeting with visiting senior Chinese diplomat Yang Jiechi, during which the two sides vowed to boost cooperation and deepen the China-Qatar strategic partnership.

Yang, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the Office of the Foreign Affairs Commission of the CPC Central Committee, conveyed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s cordial greetings to the Qatari emir.

Yang said that under the personal care and guidance of the leaders of the two countries, the China-Qatar ties have witnessed rapid development in terms of pace and depth, with political mutual trust constantly strengthened and pragmatic cooperation displaying strong vitality.

He noted that China supports Qatar in exploring independently a development path suited to its national conditions, and its efforts to safeguard national sovereignty and security.

China is ready to work with Qatar to boost the coordination of development strategies, deepen cooperation in the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as well as in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, and constantly enrich the content of the China-Qatar strategic partnership, the senior Chinese diplomat said.

Yang expressed China’s full support to Qatar in hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup, pledging that China will continue to support Chinese companies in overcoming the challenges created by the pandemic in order to complete the construction of the relevant stadiums on schedule with high quality.

China supports Qatar in playing a bigger role in international and regional affairs, and is willing to work together with Qatar to practice multilateralism with concrete actions and safeguard the common interests of developing countries, Yang noted.

He also voiced China’s support to the efforts by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries to strengthen solidarity and cooperation, and jointly promote regional stability and development.

For his part, the Qatari emir asked Yang to convey his sincere regards to President Xi Jinping.

He said that Qatar is eager to further develop its relations with China, deepen strategic communication, enhance mutually beneficial cooperation in the fields of energy, investment, digital economy, culture and infrastructure construction within the BRI framework, and continuously seek new progress in advancing the China-Qatar strategic partnership.

Qatar abides by the one-China principle, opposes foreign interference in China’s internal affairs and supports China in safeguarding its core interests, the Qatari leader said.

He also expressed Qatar’s willingness to strengthen coordination with China on international occasions to jointly promote world peace and stability.

On the same day, Yang also met with Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani, Qatari deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs, to hold in-depth exchange of views on the bilateral relations and issues of common interest. Enditem.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Geopolitica Mondiale

Cina – Europa. Gennaio. Da Manzhouli sono partiti 331 treni, +59.9% anno su anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-02-21.

Cina Manzhouli 001

«Manzhouli, China’s largest land port, handled a growing number of China-Europe freight trains in January»

«A total of 331 cross-border freight trains went through the port in January, up 59.9 percent year on year, marking growth for 11 consecutive months»

«Of the total, the port handled 157 outbound trains, an increase of 27.6 percent year on year, while the number of inbound trains soared by 107.1 percent year on year to 174»

«The outbound China-Europe freight trains through Manzhouli can reach 13 European countries»

«The imported and exported goods mainly include daily necessities, electrical products, industrial machinery, metals and agricultural products»

«short freight time, low price and high efficiency, have played an important role in ensuring smooth logistics and stable material supply in China and European countries»

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Ferrovia Cina – Europa. 2020. 12,400 treni, +50% anno su anno.

Ferrovia Cina, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Iran, Afganistan, più Uzbekistan e Turkmenistan.

Nepal. Belt and Road. Progetto di collegamento ferroviario moderno con la Cina.

Rep Ceka e Cina. Attiva la ferrovia Praga – Yiwu.

Kenya. Nuova linea ferroviaria Nairobi – Mombasa finanziata dalla Cina.

Cina. Xi Jinping si meriterebbe il Premio Nobel per l’economia.

Ferrovia Yiwu-Xinjiang-Europe. 11,920 km in dieci giorni. 1,033 convogli al mese.

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La costruzione di interporti ferroviari, ed il loro collegamento alla rete ferroviaria, permette alla Cina di portare lavoro produttivo nelle sue zone periferiche, sottosviluppate. Non elargizione di sussidi, bensì allestimento di infrastrutture.

Questo discorso vale anche per l’interporto di Manzhouli, che ha generato quasi trentamila posti di lavoro degni di quel nome, per non parlare dell’indotto.

Ma la direttrice verso l’Europa non è certamente l’unica.

Cina. New Silk Road. Qualche difficoltà nel sud-est asiatico.

Cina. La diplomazia ferroviaria.

Al contrario degli Stati Uniti e dell’Occidente in genere, massimamente le Nazioni Unite, la Cina non vincola i propri investimenti alla soddisfazione di propri modi di vedere e sentire i problemi etici e morali. Accetta le altre realtà così come esse siano e richiede solo rapporti paritetici. La Cina investe in Africa ed Asia soprattutto in progetti infrastrutturali, quali ferrovie e strade.

Il conseguente indotto alimenta quindi il perfezionamento dei rapporti politici.

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Xinhua. China’s largest land port sees rising number of China-Europe freight trains

HOHHOT, Feb. 7 (Xinhua) — Manzhouli, China’s largest land port, handled a growing number of China-Europe freight trains in January, local authorities said.

A total of 331 cross-border freight trains went through the port in January, up 59.9 percent year on year, marking growth for 11 consecutive months, said the Manzhouli station under China Railway Harbin Group.

Of the total, the port handled 157 outbound trains, an increase of 27.6 percent year on year, while the number of inbound trains soared by 107.1 percent year on year to 174.

The outbound China-Europe freight trains through Manzhouli can reach 13 European countries. The imported and exported goods mainly include daily necessities, electrical products, industrial machinery, metals and agricultural products.

The global sea and air transport capacity has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, while the China-Europe freight trains, due to advantages such as short freight time, low price and high efficiency, have played an important role in ensuring smooth logistics and stable material supply in China and European countries.