Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia, Senza categoria

Una accusa penale non comprovata è una calunnia. Solo il 3% è vera.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-15.

Giustizia 101

In un paese civile chiunque ne abbia la legale potestà deve essere messo in grado di sporgere denuncia circa un fatto che a suo avviso costituisca reato.

Nel contempo però devono essere allegate tutte le prove probanti, oggettivamente verificabili. Un’accusa non suffragata da prove è una pura e semplice calunnia.

Usualmente, un giudice esamina la denuncia e decide se farla o meno procedere in giudizio.

Per alcune tipologie di reati è ragionevolmente facile addurre le prove, per altre meno.

Starà poi alle perizia del giudice istruttore enuclearle in un tutto coerente ed incontrovertibile ed al giudice giudicante, ed alla giuria quando previsto, il darne la valutazione finale, sentita ovviamente la difesa.

In un sistema giudiziario ben funzionante larga quota dei rinvii a giudizio si concludono infatti con una condanna.

* * * * * * *

«allegations of rape reaching a high of 58,000 in England and Wales»

«The annual Violence Against Women and Girls report shows the number of reports of rape that end in a conviction is about 3%.»

È del tutto evidente che qualcosa non funzionava, e continua ancora a non funzionare. Il 97% degli accusati è stato dimostrato essere innocente, e questo dopo un lungo tempo di linciaggio morale, che spesso ha comportato anche la perdita del lavoro.

Se è vero che la Giustizia debba tutelare le vittime di una violenza, sarebbe altrettanto vero ricordare come debba tutelare da violenza anche quel 97% di innocenti falsamente accusati.

In fondo è solo questione di sano buon senso.

I Magistrati inglesi hanno preso provvedimenti.

«Campaigners say the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) has changed its approach in rape cases – no longer building rape prosecutions, but screening cases out if they think a jury will not convict»

«This is denied by the CPS, which has announced a review of its decisions in rape cases»

«The figures also reveal that the number of suspects charged with rape or another offence has fallen, from 2,822 in 2017-18 to 1,758 in 2018-19»

«In 2007-08, when records were first compiled in the current way, 2,220 cases resulted in a charge»

«Of those, 2,201 cases resulted in a conviction …. The conviction figure takes in the number of suspects initially investigated for rape who were later convicted of rape or other offences, such as sexual assault or indecent assault»

* * * * * * *

Prendiamo atto che il lavoro del giudice istruttore sia stato professionalmente ineccepibile. Su 2,220 casi rimandati ben 2,201 hanno esitato in un provvedimento penale.

Prendiamo anche atto che molte denuncie che inizialmente invocavano la violenza carnale siano state derubricate ad assalti sessuali oppure indecenti, reati di gran lunga meno importanti.

* * * * * * *

Si ribadisce con forza come la presentazione di prove oggettive sia la base di ogni procedimento penale.

La calunnia è un gran brutto reato.


Bbc. 2019-09-12. Rape accuser ‘devastated’ at case being dropped

A woman who says she was raped by a man she had been on a date with has told the BBC she was left “devastated” after prosecutors decided to drop her case.

Annie Tisshaw says her mental health “really suffered” during the year-long investigation, and she was then told the CPS would not proceed further.

A report shows the number of rape convictions in England and Wales is at its lowest level since records began.

There were 1,925 convictions in 2018-19 – a 27% drop from the previous year.

This was in spite of allegations of rape reaching a high of 58,000 in England and Wales.

Campaigners say the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) has changed its approach in rape cases – no longer building rape prosecutions, but screening cases out if they think a jury will not convict.

This is denied by the CPS, which has announced a review of its decisions in rape cases.

Annie, who has waived her right to anonymity, told the Victoria Derbyshire show that she was raped in her own flat after she had been on a date with a man she had met a few times before.

She says she reported the incident straight after it happened, handed over her phone, and the case was passed by police to the CPS, who told her it was “a positive case”.

“I’ve done everything right that you should do and then at the end, nearly a year later, I was told there were inconsistencies in the case.”

Those included CCTV from earlier in the night, which showed she wasn’t looking “particularly scared or nervous”, and text messages sent before the alleged rape, she says.

“This was a guy that I trusted, this was a guy that I had met before, so obviously at that time I didn’t know it was going to happen,” she says.

“My mental health really, really suffered throughout the police case. It’s devastating that I’ve gone through all of that and it’s just been dropped.”

Another woman, Lizi, told the BBC she spent “49 weeks of my life consumed by anxiety and anorexia” before she heard her case was being dropped.

“All I really remember from that call is screaming and sobbing,” she said.

The annual Violence Against Women and Girls report shows the number of reports of rape that end in a conviction is about 3%.

The figures also reveal that the number of suspects charged with rape or another offence has fallen, from 2,822 in 2017-18 to 1,758 in 2018-19.

In 2007-08, when records were first compiled in the current way, 2,220 cases resulted in a charge.

Of those, 2,201 cases resulted in a conviction – although some would be for investigations started in previous years.

The conviction figure takes in the number of suspects initially investigated for rape who were later convicted of rape or other offences, such as sexual assault or indecent assault.

The CPS – whose budget has been cut by 25% since 2010 – says it has worked hard to improve how it deals with sexual offence cases.

It explains the drop by saying it is getting fewer rape referrals from police – a 23% fall from the previous year – and that cases are taking longer because of digital evidence and the demands to disclose material to the defence.

‘Abandoning thousands of cases’

A coalition of women’s organisations, represented by the Centre for Women’s Justice (CWJ), is looking to take legal action against the CPS over claims cases are being “dropped” without good reason.

Lawyer Harriet Wistrich, founder of the CWJ, told BBC Radio 4’s Today programme there was “compelling” evidence the collapse in prosecutions was mainly caused by “a deliberate change in the approach taken by the CPS dating back to late 2016”.

Dame Vera Baird, the victims’ commissioner, called on Prime Minister Boris Johnson to intervene by giving the justice system adequate resources and funding support services for survivors.

She questioned whether “abandoning thousands of cases of potentially traumatised men and women” was “ineptitude” or “deliberate policy” by prosecutors.

Max Hill, director of public prosecutions, denied there had been a change in approach from prosecutors at the CPS, but said he shared concerns at the “growing gap” between reported rapes and the number of prosecutions.

He told Today: “I am not going to point the finger in any particular direction. We – all of us working in the criminal justice system – need to come together now to discuss this.”

Deputy Chief Constable Sarah Crew, the National Police Chiefs’ Council lead for rape and adult sexual offences, said the decline in convictions reflects “a justice system that is stretched and under pressure”.

But she said police were working with victims’ groups to address issues that prevent people from reporting rape or from continuing to support an investigation.

The independent CPS watchdog, Her Majesty’s Crown Prosecution Service Inspectorate, has also launched a review of charging decisions in rape cases.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Migranti risorsa bramata. Parola di Svein Ludvigsen, che se li trombava.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-06.

Gay 001

Tutti coloro che inneggiano alla migrazione illegale, ammantandosi di vesti filantropiche e sparando bordate sanguinolente contro chi di migranti non ne vorrebbe più sapere, sono criminali incalliti che ne traggono guadagni o vantaggi illeciti, illegali, oppure che estorcono prestazioni sessuali degeneri, contro natura.

Usano le loro posizioni pubbliche per arricchirsi ovvero farsi un harem.

Il caso di Mr Svein Ludvigsen è da manuale.

Si è depravati prima nella mente e nel cuore, poi, solo dopo, sessualmente.

Adesso è ben chiaro perché mai inneggiava ai migranti, mai numerosi a sufficienza, incensava quelle sante persone delle ngo che andavano a prenderseli in Africa, ed infine gli mettevano a disposizione tanta carnina fresca.

«A former Norweigian cabinet member was sentenced to five years in prison for exploiting his position to sexually abuse three asylum seekers for six years»

«Svein Ludvigsen, 72, was found guilty of abusing the three men while he was the regional governor of Troms, a county north of the Arctic Circle, between 2011 and 2017»

«Ludvigsen, who maintains his innocence and has vowed to appeal, admitted to having sex with one of the men – however he said that it was consensual»

«The abuse took place in Ludvigsen’s home and country house, in hotel rooms and in his office, they said.»

* * * * * * *

E per i sei lunghi anni durante i quali Mr Ludvigsen se li trombava in ufficio nessuno aveva visto né sentito nulla.

Siamo sconvolti e perplessi.

È un chiaro ed evidente segno di razzismo di estrema destra il fatto che un tribunale norvegese abbia avuto l’ardire di condannare un povero omosessuale che esercitava il suo sacrosanto diritto umano di soddisfare le proprie pulsioni carnali: è davvero un gran brutto segno di omofobia.

Norway Ex-Minister Guilty Of Coercing Male Asylum Seekers Into Sex To Avoid Deportation

A former Norweigian cabinet member was sentenced to five years in prison for exploiting his position to sexually abuse three asylum seekers for six years, according to the BBC

Svein Ludvigsen, 72, was found guilty of abusing the three men while he was the regional governor of Troms, a county north of the Arctic Circle, between 2011 and 2017. The men say that they believed they would either be deported or be granted permanent residency depending on how they reacted to his demands for sexual favors. 

The men, now aged 25, 26 and 34, told the court that they first met Ludvigsen when he was Troms governor and that he offered them housing and jobs in exchange for sexual favours.

The abuse took place in Ludvigsen’s home and country house, in hotel rooms and in his office, they said. –BBC

One of the victims was just 17 at the time, while another reportedly has a “mild intellectual disability.” 

The charge describes how Ludvigsen should have approached a slightly mentally retarded man in his home at an institution that was subject to the county governor’s supervision, and that he should “have led him to believe he had the power and authority to give and deprive him of his citizenship”. –NRK.no (translated)

Ludvigsen, who maintains his innocence and has vowed to appeal, admitted to having sex with one of the men – however he said that it was consensual, and that he did not have sex with the other two men. He also admitted that he lied to the police when questioned

Ludvigsen, who was arrested in January, 2018, was ordered to pay damages to the men of approximately $87,000 US. The conservative politician was the minister of fisheries from 2001 to 2005, and was the goveror of Troms from 2006 to 2014 when he retired from politics, according to the BBC.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Macron. La polizia indagata sulle violenze del 1° maggio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-07.

Macron Merkel Parigi

«French authorities are investigating riot police over three incidents of alleged violence towards May Day protesters in Paris.»

*

«Videos taken during clashes between police and protesters have been circulating on social media»

*

«One appears to show an officer insert a truncheon into a protester’s trousers on the Boulevard du Montparnasse.»

*

«In another an officer is seen slapping a protester while a third shows an officer hurling a paving stone.»

*

«Inspectors are investigating each incident at the request of Paris police chief Didier Lallement»

*

«Interior minister Christophe Castaner said “there will be punishment” if any officers are found to be at fault. He has himself faced calls to resign, after critics said he had spread “fake news” in accusing protesters of an “attack” on La Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital in Paris.»

*

«When Mr Castaner accused protesters on Thursday of attacking the hospital, hospital managers also spoke of staff having to block protesters at the door of the Pitié-Salpêtrière intensive care unit»

* * * * * * * *

Sono oramai molti mesi che i Patrioti scendono in piazza a dimostrare contro la Presidenza Macron.

Nell’ultimo sondaggio YouGov di fine aprile, solo un modestissimo 26% degli Elettori approva l’operato di Mr Macron: tutti gli altri lo disapprovano.

Oramai è da tempo che Mr Macron ha terminato il suo giro per la Francia per raccogliere i cahiers de doléances. Ma nessun provvedimento pratico è stato ancora preso.

La piazza non la si combatte a manganellate.

In piazza ci sono Cittadini Patrioti, nonché Elettori.

Se è logico che un governo intenda mantenere l’ordine pubblico, altrettanto logico sarebbe che il governo cercasse almeno di rimuover i problemi che hanno trascinato in piazza persone inferocite dal malgoverno.

«Macron responds to gilets jaunes protests with €5bn tax cuts.

President recognises protesters’ demands but vowed to still liberalise the economy.

Emmanuel Macron has vowed to make his style of politics more “humane”, but insisted he would press on with his project to liberalise the French economy and overhaul its welfare state despite five months of demonstrations by gilets jaunes (yellow vest) anti-government protesters.

In his first press conference in two years as president, Macron promised €5bn (£4.3bn) worth of cuts to income tax for lower and average earners as well as pension rises for the poorest and vowed no more schools or hospitals would be closed during his presidency, as he responded to protests. ….» [The Guardian]

Troppo poco, troppo tardi.

Gilets jaunes : gifle, pavé lancé… Des policiers mis en cause, quel acte 25 ?

Non ci si lamenti di manifestazioni troppo vivaci: ci si lamenti invece dell’incuria di questa presidenza che privilegia esclusivamente i ricchi.


Bbc. 2019-05-04. Paris May Day protests: Riot police probed over ‘assault’ videos

French authorities are investigating riot police over three incidents of alleged violence towards May Day protesters in Paris.

Videos taken during clashes between police and protesters have been circulating on social media.

One appears to show an officer insert a truncheon into a protester’s trousers on the Boulevard du Montparnasse.

In another an officer is seen slapping a protester while a third shows an officer hurling a paving stone.

Inspectors are investigating each incident at the request of Paris police chief Didier Lallement, reports say.

Interior minister Christophe Castaner said “there will be punishment” if any officers are found to be at fault.

He has himself faced calls to resign, after critics said he had spread “fake news” in accusing protesters of an “attack” on La Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital in Paris.

What the videos show

The videos were filmed as riot police were faced with May Day protests on Wednesday that involved gilets jaunes (yellow-vest) protesters and far-left “black-block” militants as well as traditional union marchers.

Journalist David Dufresne, who has highlighted allegations of police violence since the gilets jaunes protests began last year, posted the footage on his Twitter feed.

In one video, filmed on the Boulevard du Montparnasse, a protester is surrounded on the ground by CRS riot police and one appears to insert his truncheon inside the back of his trousers.

In another incident, a man is slapped twice in the face by an officer while a woman with him is pushed around.

Why is minister under pressure?

When Mr Castaner accused protesters on Thursday of attacking the hospital, hospital managers also spoke of staff having to block protesters at the door of the Pitié-Salpêtrière intensive care unit.

Paris May Day protests: Shock over hospital break-in

Macron unveils yellow vests reforms

Yellow vest violence returns to Paris

Who are the ‘gilets jaunes’?

The large teaching hospital is in the 13th arrondissement (district) in central Paris, near Place d’Italie, where police used tear gas to disperse demonstrators on Wednesday.

The minister said on Thursday that “black block” anti-capitalist militants were responsible for an “attack” on the hospital, where Princess Diana died in 1997.

On Friday, Mr Castaner accepted he “should not have used the term” attack but maintained that protesters did enter the hospital, and instead called it a “violent intrusion”.

“I have no problem recognising that I misspoke,” he told reporters.

Edouard Philippe told reporters he had “confidence” in Mr Castaner, saying he was “right” to correct his initial statement.

What really happened at the hospital?

Hospital director Marie-Anne Ruder told French media on Thursday that protesters – including some with masks and some gilets jaunes – were “violent and threatening” when they entered the hospital’s grounds.

Videos show protesters rushing through the gate closely followed by police. Some climb the outdoor staircase towards the intensive care unit amid an atmosphere of panic, as nurses shout “this is intensive care”.

“It was more like they were fleeing something,” said nurse Mikael Matos, who insisted none of the protesters wore a mask.

“We didn’t feel attacked or in danger,” Gwenaëlle Bellocq told Le Figaro, adding that while their arrival came as a surprise, the group listened to the medical team very quickly.

Police arrested 32 people, all of whom have now been released while investigations continue.

Traditionally a union-led day of action in France, the 1 May event was marked by clashes in which protesters smashed shop windows and threw projectiles at the more than 7,000 officers deployed in Paris.

They echoed the weekly “yellow-vests” protests that have swept France since last November, shaking the government of French President Emmanuel Macron.

Pubblicato in: Amministrazione, Sistemi Politici

Trump. ‘Not my president’. Non si scherzi con il fuoco.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-11-10.

 2016-11-10__democrazia__001

«Thousands of demonstrators have taken to the streets of several US cities to protest against the election of Donald Trump»

*

«Not my president»

* * * * * * *

Ecco i titoli di alcune testate:

“Not my president”, proteste anti Trump in tutta l’America

Scatta la rivolta anti Trump in tutti gli Usa, arresti a NY e Los Angeles

Di quando in qua qualche migliaio di persone esprime la volontà di 325 milioni di cittadini?

Cittadini che peraltro si erano già espressi il giorno prima nelle urne?

Solo l’Agi ha un titolo onesto:

Migliaia in piazza manifestano contro Trump.

Una minoranza che non accetta il proprio ruolo non ha diritto a diventare maggioranza.

* * * * * * *

È un discorso difficile, specie dovendolo contenere in poche righe, ma tenteremo di essere chiari.

In primo luogo, gli Stati Uniti d’America hanno circa 325 milioni di abitanti. Le dimostrazioni di piazza condotte da qualche miglia di persone sono insignificanti in termini di rappresentanza percentuale. Si sia quindi molto cauti nel generalizzare.

In secondo luogo, se preoccupazione dovesse emergere, questa non sarebbe per le dimostrazioni quanto piuttosto per le autorità che le hanno permesse e tollerate. Non a caso lo stesso Presidente in carica, Mr Obama, ha detto: «urged all Americans to accept the result of Tuesday’s election».

In terzo luogo, vi è grande differenza tra il dissentire anche completamente dalla linea politica ed economica sostenuta da un Presidente e il ‘non accettarlo‘. Nel primo caso si esercita la normale libertà di espressione del  proprio pensiero politico, mentre nel secondo si mette in forse il rispetto delle regole democratiche relative la sua elezione. E questa sarebbe affermazione ben grave, specie poi se non supportata da fatti probanti.

* * * * * * *

Un sistema democratico si fonda su alcuni assunti.

– I membri della Collettività ricevono il diritto ad eleggere i propri governanti a fronte del dovere di rispettare le regole della Collettività stessa. E queste non possono contrastare le elementari norme della giustizia.

– La maggioranza si vede riconosciuto il diritto a governare, ma si assume nel contempo il dovere di legiferare ed agire nell’alveo di quanto affermato nella Carta Costituzionale e nell’ambito del proprio mandato.

– La maggioranza non è “libera” di fare ciò che voglia, ed alcune tipologie decisionali trascendono i limiti del mandato parlamentare ed anche di quello presidenziale: richiederebbero la vidimazione di una volontà popolare quale solo un referendum può suggellare.

– La minoranza ha il diritto ad esistere e manifestare il proprio pensiero, od anche dissenso, ma ha il dovere di agire secondo le regole prestabilite e nei limiti ad essa legalmente concessi. La sede del dibattito politico è il Parlamento, in questo caso la camera dei Rappresentanti oppure il Senato, nelle sue diverse articolazioni, non la piazza e tanto meno i media.

– Una minoranza talmente minoritaria da non essere nemmeno riuscita ad esprimere un suo unico rappresentante ha scuramente il diritto ad esistere, ma ha anche il dovere di non tracimare i limiti del lecito e del legale.

– La conta elettorale si è appena svolta: la minoranza accetti la realtà di essere tale.

* * * * * * *

Inoltre, sempre in un sistema sostanzialmente democratico, il rispetto delle regole è espresso anche attraverso il rispetto dei simboli. Bruciare la bandiera nazionale, così come bruciare l’effige del presidente è atto non conforma ai canoni della democrazia: è un reato penalmente rilevante.

*

Da ultimo ma non certo per ultimo.

La violenza è aliena alla democrazia.

L’utilizzo della piazza è in buona sostanza una violenza.

Ma tollerare la violenza significa legittimarla, avvallarla: significa dichiararsi nei fati violenti, non democratici.

Le conseguenze potrebbero anche portare a situazioni drammatiche.

 


Bbc. 2016-11-10. Donald Trump election win sparks protests in US cities

Thousands of demonstrators have taken to the streets of several US cities to protest against the election of Donald Trump.

*

Many shouted the slogan “Not my president”. Others burned orange-haired effigies of the businessman.

Mr Trump will become the 45th US president after securing a surprise victory over Hillary Clinton.

He is due to meet current White House incumbent Barack Obama for talks aimed at ensuring a smooth transition.

Mr Obama – who had branded Mr Trump “unfit” for office and campaigned against him – urged all Americans to accept the result of Tuesday’s election.

“We are now all rooting for his success in uniting and leading the country,” he said.

Defeated Mrs Clinton also told supporters Mr Trump had to be given a “chance to lead”.

Despite their calls, protesters gathered in several cities across the country.

– In New York, thousands marched on Trump Tower, attacking Mr Trump’s policies on immigration, gay rights and reproductive rights. Fifteen people were arrested, the New York Times reported.

– Protests were largely peaceful but in Oakland, California, some demonstrators smashed shop windows and threw missiles at riot police, who reportedly responded with tear gas

– A mass anti-Trump rally shut down a key freeway in Los Angeles

– In Chicago, crowds blocked the entrance to Trump Tower, chanting: “No Trump, No KKK, No Fascists USA”

– In Portland, Oregon, demonstrators temporarily closed an interstate highway

– In Washington DC, protesters held a candlelit vigil. Organiser Ben Wikler told the crowd: “We are here because in these darkest moments, we are not alone”

Demonstrations also took place in Philadelphia, Boston, Seattle and San Francisco, among other cities.

In his victory speech in the early hours of Wednesday, Mr Trump vowed to “bind the wounds of division”, after an acrimonious election contest, and to be “president for all Americans”.

White House spokesman Josh Earnest has insisted Mr Obama will be sincere about ensuring a smooth handover when he meets Mr Trump, although he added: “I’m not saying it’s going to be an easy meeting.”

The president-elect will be accompanied to the White House on Thursday morning (1600 GMT) by his wife, Melania, who will have a meeting with First Lady Michelle Obama in the White House residence.

Mr Obama, who congratulated his successor in a phone call in the early hours of Wednesday, said it was “no secret” that he and Mr Trump had pretty significant differences.

But he added that “we all want what’s best for this country” and he was “heartened” by what he heard in Mr Trump’s remarks the night before.

Mr Trump’s transition team for the 10-week period until inauguration will be led by Chris Christie, the governor of New Jersey.

The president-elect, who has never held elected office, has said his immediate priorities will be restoring the country’s infrastructure and doubling its economic growth.

Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus said: “Donald Trump is taking this very seriously,” adding that the business mogul’s deal-making ability would enable him to quickly “make things happen for the American people”.

As president-elect, Mr Trump is entitled to get the same daily intelligence briefing as President Obama, which includes information on covert US operations and other data gathered by America’s 17 intelligence agencies.

Mr Trump’s team is understood to be focused on quickly filling key national security posts.

But it is not yet clear who will sit in his cabinet or fill senior posts in his administration, such as chief of staff.

There are expected to be roles for Mr Christie, former House Speaker Newt Gingrich and former New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani, another of Mr Trump’s closest advisors, who is being linked with the role of attorney general or national security adviser.

After losses overnight as Mr Trump’s surprise victory became clear, financial markets rebounded as a feared meltdown failed to materialise.