Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

COP26, ‘Glasgow climate summit’ si preannuncia essere un fiasco memorabile

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-22.

«The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26, is the 26th United Nations Climate Change conference. It is scheduled to be held in the city of Glasgow, Scotland between 31 October and 12 November 2021, under the presidency of the United Kingdom. The conference is set to incorporate the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the 16th meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP16), and the third meeting of the parties to the Paris Agreement (CMA3).» [Fonte]

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Materie prime. Ancora prezzi in salita. Carbone +120.31 percento.

Usa. Agosto21. CPI, Consumer Price Index, 5.3%. Indice energetici +25%.

Usa. Agosto21. PPI, Producer Price Index, è salito a 8.3 percento.

Usa. Fed ha di fatto perso il controllo di economia ed inflazione, come negli anni ’70.

Blocco Europeo. 2021Q2. Pil -2.5%, occupati -2.1 milioni, comparati con 2019Q4.

Blocco europeo. Prezzi degli energetici fuori controllo. Stagflazione in casa.

Asia. Trend energetici. Il carbone domina nella produzione di corrente elettrica.

USA, Gran Britannia ed Australia. Accordo per dotarla di sottomarini atomici. Ira di Europa e Cina.

* * *

I paesi dell’enclave liberal socialista, Unione Europea ed America, la credenza dei quali nel ‘clima’ è elemento del loro credo liberal, sono in stagflazione, ossia inflazione unita a stagnazione economica.

Le loro banche centrali sono impotenti nel governo di questa situazione, anche perché l’inflazione è in buona parte importata a seguito dei rincari delle materie prime ed il sistema produttivo è caricato di tasse per finanziare il green.

Poi, l’enclave liberal è una quota secondaria nel sistema economico mondiale.

In questa situazione, non sussistono le risorse per una azione sul ‘clima’, sempre poi che esso esista.

«United Nations chief Antonio Guterres said a critical meeting on climate change later this year in Scotland is at risk of failure due to mistrust between developed and developing countries and a lack of ambitious goals among some emerging economies»

«The U.N. COP26 conference in Glasgow aims to wring much more ambitious climate action and the money to go with it from participants around the globe»

* * * * * * *


Lo U.N. COP26 conference di Glasgow si preannuncia essere un flop colossale.

La stagflazione si è dimostrata essere una ottima medicina per curare il delirio del ‘clima’.

E siamo solo agli inizi.

*


Glasgow climate summit at risk of failure, U.N. chief warns.

United Nations, Sept 16 (Reuters) – United Nations chief Antonio Guterres said a critical meeting on climate change later this year in Scotland is at risk of failure due to mistrust between developed and developing countries and a lack of ambitious goals among some emerging economies.

The U.N. COP26 conference in Glasgow aims to wring much more ambitious climate action and the money to go with it from participants around the globe. Scientists said last month that global warming is dangerously close to spiralling out of control.

“I believe that we are at risk of not having a success in COP26,” Guterres told Reuters in an interview at U.N. headquarters in New York on Wednesday. “There is still a level of mistrust, between north and south, developed and developing countries, that needs to be overcome.”

“We are on the verge of the abyss and when you are on the verge of the abyss, you need to be very careful about what the next step is. And the next step is COP26 in Glasgow,” he said.

Guterres and Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson will on Monday host a meeting of world leaders on the sidelines of the annual high-level week of the U.N. General Assembly in a bid to build the chances of success at the climate conference, being held from Oct. 31 to Nov. 12.

“My objective and the reason why we are convening a meeting on Monday is exactly to build trust, to allow for everybody to understand that we all need to do more,” Guterres said.

“We need the developed countries to do more, namely in relation to the support to developing countries. And we need some emerging economies to go an extra mile and be more ambitious in the reduction of air emissions,” he said.

Monday’s meeting, which will be both virtual and in-person, will be closed to allow for “frank and open discussions” on how to deliver success in Glasgow, said a senior U.N. official, speaking on condition of anonymity.

                         U.S., CHINA NEED TO ‘DO THEIR PART’

The world remains behind in its battle to cut carbon emissions and the pace of climate change has not been slowed by the global COVID-19 pandemic , the World Meteorological Organization said on Thursday.  

Scientists said last month that unless big action is taken to cut emissions, the average global temperature is likely to hit or cross the 1.5-degree Celsius (2.7-degrees Fahrenheit) warming threshold within 20 years.  

“Until now, I have not seen enough commitment of developed countries to support developing countries … and to give a meaningful share of that support to the needs of adaptation,” said Guterres.

Developing countries tend to be the most vulnerable to costly climate impacts, and the least resourced to deal with them. For years, they have been struggling to secure the funds to help them prepare for climate disruptions that rich nations pledged in 2009 to ramp up to $100 billion annually.

So far, the money that has arrived has focused on emissions reduction rather than adaptation. Of the $78.9 billion in climate finance transferred by rich countries in 2018, only 21% was spent on adaptation, OECD data shows.

When asked whether companies that develop carbon capture technology should have to issue patent waivers so those advances can be shared, Guterres said: “Any development in that area should be a global public good and should be made available to all countries in the world.”

But he noted: “We have not yet seen results that confirm those technologies will be a key element to solve the problem.”

Guterres played down the impact that the increasingly rancorous relationship between China and the United States – the world’s two biggest emitters of greenhouse gases – will have on their cooperation on climate change. read mor  

“They are a multilateral issue,” said Guterres. “So my appeal to both the United States and China is for each of them to do their part.”

Pubblicato in: Finanza e Sistema Bancario, Stati Uniti

Usa. 2020. Investimenti diretti per stato e tipologia. – BEA.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-04.

2021-07-27__ US Investment 001

Il Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) ha rilasciato il Report Direct Investment by Country and Industry, 2020

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The U.S. direct investment abroad  position, or cumulative level of investment, increased $244.9 billion to $6.15 trillion at the end of 2020 from $5.91 trillion at the end of 2019, according to statistics released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The increase reflected a $158.8 billion increase in the position in Europe, primarily in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. By industry, holding company affiliates owned by U.S. manufacturers had the largest increase.

The foreign direct investment in the United States position increased $187.2 billion to $4.63 trillion at the end of 2020 from $4.44 trillion at the end of 2019. The increase mainly reflected a $119.2 billion increase in the position from Europe, primarily Germany. By industry, affiliates in manufacturing, finance and insurance, and wholesale trade accounted for the majority of the increase.

                         U.S. direct investment abroad (tables 1 – 6)

U.S. multinational enterprises (MNEs) invest in nearly every country, but their investment in affiliates in five countries accounted for more than half of the total position at the end of 2020. The U.S. direct investment abroad position was largest in the United Kingdom ($890.1 billion), followed by the Netherlands ($844.0 billion) and Luxembourg ($759.4 billion). Canada ($422.2 billion) and Ireland ($390.3 billion) rounded out the top-five.

By industry of the directly-owned foreign affiliate, investment was highly concentrated in holding companies, which accounted for nearly half of the overall position in 2020. Most holding company affiliates, which are owned by U.S. parents from a variety of industries, own other foreign affiliates that operate in a variety of industries. By industry of the U.S. parent, investment by manufacturing MNEs accounted for 51.6 percent of the position, followed by MNEs in finance and insurance (13.9 percent).

U.S. MNEs earned income of $452.0 billion in 2020 on their cumulative investment abroad, a 13.0 percent decrease from 2019. Dividends, or repatriated profits, decreased $124.6 billion, or 30.7 percent.

                         Foreign direct investment in the United States (tables 7 – 10)

By country of the foreign parent, five countries accounted for more than half of the total position at the end of 2020. Japan remained the top investing country at the end of 2020 with a position of $647.7 billion. Canada ($490.8 billion) moved up one position from 2019 to be the second largest investing country, moving the United Kingdom ($486.9 billion) into third. The Netherlands ($484.0 billion) and Germany ($411.3 billion) were the fourth and fifth largest investing countries respectively at the end of 2020.

By country of the ultimate beneficial owner (UBO), Japan ($679.0 billion) and Canada ($569.8 billion) remained the top investing countries in terms of position at the end of 2020. Germany ($564.3 billion) moved up one position from 2019 to be the third largest, moving the United Kingdom ($480.8 billion) to fourth. France ($315.0 billion) entered the top 5 investing countries at the end of 2020, moving up one position from 2019. On the UBO basis, investment from the Netherlands and Luxembourg was much lower than by the country of foreign parent, indicating that much of the investment from foreign parents in these countries was ultimately owned by investors in other countries.

Foreign direct investment in the United States was concentrated in the U.S. manufacturing sector, which accounted for 40.3 percent of the position. There was also sizable investment in finance and insurance (12.2 percent) and wholesale trade (11.1 percent).

Foreign MNEs earned income of $151.8 billion in 2020 on their cumulative investment in the United States, a 24.1 percent decrease from 2019.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Stati Uniti

USA. 2020. Import ed Export. All commodities. Radiografia degli Stati Uniti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-08-02.

Casa Bianca

USA. Imports and Exports. World. All Commodities. Value (US$) and Value Growth, YoY (%).

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                         Exports.

The value of merchandise exports from USA totalled $ 1.43 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from USA decreased by 13% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 214 billion (the value of merchandise exports from USA amounted to $1.64 trillion in 2019).

                         USA’s exports 2020 by country.

Top export destinations of commodities from USA in 2020:

Canada with a share of 17.8% (255 billion US$)

Mexico with a share of 14.8% (212 billion US$)

China with a share of 8.71% (124 billion US$)

Japan with a share of 4.48% (64 billion US$)

United Kingdom with a share of 4.12% (58 billion US$)

Germany with a share of 3.99% (57 billion US$)

Korea with a share of 3.58% (51 billion US$)

Netherlands with a share of 3.18% (45 billion US$)

Brazil with a share of 2.45% (35 billion US$)

Other Asia, nes with a share of 2.13% (30 billion US$)

                         Exports structure from USA in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

11.9% (170 billion US$): 84 – Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

11.3% (161 billion US$): 85 – Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

10.8% (155 billion US$): 27 – Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

7.35% (105 billion US$): 87 – Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

6.74% (96 billion US$): 90 – Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

5.65% (80 billion US$): 88 – Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof

4.24% (60 billion US$): 39 – Plastics and articles thereof

4.11% (58 billion US$): 71 – Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

3.76% (53 billion US$): 30 – Pharmaceutical products

3% (42 billion US$): 99 – Commodities not specified according to kind

                         What did USA export in 2020?

USA’s Top Exports in 2020:

4.24% ($60 billion): 2710 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.

3.51% ($50 billion): 2709 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.

3.19% ($45 billion): 8703 – Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

3.1% ($44 billion): 8542 – Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies.

2.33% ($33 billion): 2711 – Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

2.31% ($33 billion): 8708 – Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.

1.95% ($28 billion): 9018 – Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.

1.91% ($27 billion): 8525 – Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

1.86% ($26 billion): 8471 – Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

* * * * * * *


                         Imports.

The value of merchandise imports to USA totalled $ 2.4 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity imports to USA decreased by 6.31% compared to 2019. Merchandise imports decreased by $ 162 billion (the value of merchandise imports to USA was equal to $2.56 trillion in 2019).

                         USA’s imports 2020 by country.

Top trading partners (import sources) of USA in 2020:

China with a share of 19% (457 billion US$)

Mexico with a share of 13.6% (328 billion US$)

Canada with a share of 11.4% (276 billion US$)

Japan with a share of 5.09% (122 billion US$)

Germany with a share of 4.88% (117 billion US$)

Vietnam with a share of 3.45% (83 billion US$)

Korea with a share of 3.25% (78 billion US$)

Switzerland with a share of 3.13% (75 billion US$)

Ireland with a share of 2.73% (65 billion US$)

Other Asia, nes with a share of 2.59% (62 billion US$)

                         Imports structure to USA in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

15.1% (364 billion US$): 84 – Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

13.9% (336 billion US$): 85 – Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

10.5% (254 billion US$): 87 – Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

5.79% (139 billion US$): 30 – Pharmaceutical products

5.4% (130 billion US$): 27 – Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

4.35% (104 billion US$): 71 – Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

4.26% (102 billion US$): 99 – Commodities not specified according to kind

3.93% (94 billion US$): 90 – Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

2.72% (65 billion US$): 94 – Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings

2.61% (62 billion US$): 39 – Plastics and articles thereof

                         What did USA import in 2020?

USA’s Top Imports in 2020:

6.05% ($145 billion): 8703 – Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

4.8% ($115 billion): 8471 – Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

4.17% ($100 billion): 8525 – Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

3.4% ($81 billion): 3004 – Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.

3.39% ($81 billion): 2709 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.

2.49% ($60 billion): 8708 – Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.

2.13% ($51 billion): 3002 – Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.

1.5% ($36 billion): 2710 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.

1.44% ($34 billion): 7108 – Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina, Russia, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

G7 e Russia. Un G7 in via di devoluzione conta molto poco.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-05-26.

2021-05-20__ G7 GDP (Statista) 001

L’istogramma pubblicato da Statista dovrebbe essere eloquente.

«In 2019, the G7 countries of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom and United States held 31.68 percent of the global gross domestic product (GDP). In 2025, that figure is projected to drop to 28.8 percent»

Nel 2019 il pil dei paesi G7 rappresentava il 31.68% del pil mondiale, mentre quello del G20, esclusi i paesi del G7), valeva il 41.51%.

Nel 2025 il pil dei paesi G7 è proiettato al 28.8% del pil mondiale, mentre quello del G20, esclusi i paesi del G7), è stimato arrivare al 44.77%.

Solo per dare un esempio, nel 2000 il pil indiano valeva 476.64 miliardi Usd, ma è stimato a 3,049.7 miliardi nel 2021 ed a 4,534.34 miliardi nel 2026.

Si noti come invece il pil dei paesi G7 sia in consistente diminuzione.

Non solo.

Il pil di alcuni paesi è drogato dal conteggio dei fondi pubblici erogati in via  assistenziale.

Se è vero che il pil sia un macrodato di primario interesse, sarebbe altrettanto vero ricordare come la sua lettura dovrebbe essere corroborata da altri macrodati similmente importanti, quali la produzione industriale, i volumi dell’Import – Export, la percentuale degli occupati, il valore della inflazione, solo per citarne alcuni.

Si faccia attenzione. Le parole son come le farfalle, mentre i numeri sono massi, ed anche pesanti.

* * * * * * *

Se questi dati siano fermamente chiari, l’intervista rilasciata da Mr Andrei Kelin, Ambasciatore russo a Londra, risulterebbe essere chiara.

– «G7 playing a ‘dangerous game’ by pushing Moscow towards China»

– «Russia, he said, was more interested in other forums such as the G20, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and the BRICs organisation»

* * * * * * *

«G7 leaders gather for a summit in St Ives, in the southern English region of Cornwall, on June 11-13. How to deal with President Vladimir Putin’s Russia is expected to be on the agenda»

«The Group of Seven is playing a “dangerous game” by making aggressive and baseless criticism of the Kremlin because it pushes Russia closer to China»

«G7 foreign ministers this month scolded both China and Russia, casting the Kremlin as malicious and Beijing as a bully, but beyond words there were few concrete steps aside from expressing support for Taiwan and Ukraine»

«Kelin said the G7’s critique was biased, confrontational, lacked substance and was stoking anti-Western feelings among Russians, while its aggressive attitude towards Russia and China was pushing the two powers together»

«Russia, the world’s largest country by territory, denies it meddles beyond its borders and says the West is gripped by anti-Russian hysteria»

«China, the world’s second largest economy, says the West is a bully and that its leaders have a post-imperial mindset that makes them feel they can act like global policemen»

«Asked about G7 criticism of the state of human rights in Russia, Kelin said the United States and Britain should pay more attention to the state of their own democracy after the attacks on the U.S. Capitol and race issues in Britain»

«it has no grounds to judge other countries about the state of democracy»

«Asked about G7 criticism of the state of human rights in Russia, Kelin said the United States and Britain should pay more attention to the state of their own democracy after the attacks on the U.S. Capitol and race issues in Britain»

«No one gives them the right to judge others – especially on the state of democracy»

«It is strange for us as we are not eager to become once again a part of this club, …. In our view it has lost its authority»

* * * * * * *

L’enclave liberal socialista occidentale sta devolvendosi ogni giorno che passa, incapace di sottoporsi a revisione critica.

Certamente ad oggi ha ancora una potenza economica non indifferente, ma è sulla via del declino.

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G7 playing a ‘dangerous game’ by pushing Moscow towards China – Russian envoy.

The Group of Seven is playing a “dangerous game” by making aggressive and baseless criticism of the Kremlin because it pushes Russia closer to China, Russia’s ambassador to London Andrei Kelin told Reuters on Thursday.

G7 foreign ministers this month scolded both China and Russia, casting the Kremlin as malicious and Beijing as a bully, but beyond words there were few concrete steps aside from expressing support for Taiwan and Ukraine.

The G7, in a 12,400-word communique, said Russia was a destabilising influence on the world because of its 2014 annexation of Crimea, its build up on Ukraine’s border and its meddling in the internal affairs of other countries.

Kelin said the G7’s critique was biased, confrontational, lacked substance and was stoking anti-Western feelings among Russians, while its aggressive attitude towards Russia and China was pushing the two powers together.

“This is a dangerous game,” Kelin, 64, told Reuters. “Russia and China have enormous potential in different fields – in the economy, in technology, in military capacities, in politics – this potential is spread around the world.”

“We are not allies with China, however pushing Russia and China, it closes our ranks with China – in that sense we are more and more united against challenges that are being presented from the West.”

Russia, the world’s largest country by territory, denies it meddles beyond its borders and says the West is gripped by anti-Russian hysteria.

China, the world’s second largest economy, says the West is a bully and that its leaders have a post-imperial mindset that makes them feel they can act like global policemen.

G7 leaders gather for a summit in St Ives, in the southern English region of Cornwall, on June 11-13. How to deal with President Vladimir Putin’s Russia is expected to be on the agenda.

Kelin, a career diplomat who speaks fluent English, French and Dutch, said Russia would proceed according to its own geopolitical interests and that if there were issues that needed to be discussed then dialogue was the best way.

“But the G7 prefers megaphone diplomacy,” Kelin said. “This is a club that expresses certain opinions on different subjects but it has no grounds to judge other countries about the state of democracy.”

Asked about G7 criticism of the state of human rights in Russia, Kelin said the United States and Britain should pay more attention to the state of their own democracy after the attacks on the U.S. Capitol and race issues in Britain.

“Look at yourself in this situation – but they don’t want to look at themselves,” Kelin said. “No one gives them the right to judge others – especially on the state of democracy.”

Russia was brought into what became the Group of Eight in 1997 under former President Boris Yeltsin but its membership was suspended in 2014 after the annexation of Crimea.

“We see discussions on this subject: let’s invite Russia, let’s not invite Russia. It is strange for us as we are not eager to become once again a part of this club,” Kelin said. “In our view it has lost its authority.”

“It is divisive – it has a tendency to split the world into friends and aliens: they want to talk about coalitions of friends targetted against the others. This doesn’t bring solutions – it brings more problems to the world,” Kelin said.

Russia, he said, was more interested in other forums such as the G20, Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and the BRICs organisation.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo

Mondo. Pil 2021Q1. Primi dati provvisori, ma molto chiari. Purtroppo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-04-25.

2021-04-22_ Pil Mondo 001

Sono stati resi disponibili i primi dati provvisori relativi al pil del primo trimestre 2021, calcolati anno su anno oppure annualizzati. Essendo valori provvisori, dovrebbero essere letti con molto buon senso.

Considerando tutti gli stati mondiali ordinati per valori decrescenti, solo due stati europei compaiono nei primi posti: la Turkia e l’Albania.

Persino la Guyana, il Lesotho e l’Etiopia hanno valori migliori di quelli europei.

La Tabella relativa al continente europeo è squalida.

Spain, Greece, Montenegro, United Kingdom, Croatia, Italy, Malta, Portugal,  Austria, Belgium, Iceland, Euro Area, France, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Cyprus, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden, Russia, Switzerland, Denmark, Latvia, Finland, Romania, Estonia presentano tutti valori negativi di variazione del pil anno su anno.

Questi dati dovrebbero dare da pensare agli attuali governanti, sia dei singoli stati sia dell’Unione Europea.

2021-04-22_ Pil Mondo 002

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Regno Unito

Regno Unito. 2020. Pil -9.8% anno su anno. – Office for National Statistics.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-04-14.

2021-04-13__ UK Pil 001

In sintesi.

– UK gross domestic product (GDP) for 2020 as whole, which is now estimated to have contracted by 9.8%

– GDP is estimated to have increased by 1.3% in Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2020

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Office for National Statistics

GDP quarterly national accounts, UK: October to December 2020

Revised quarterly estimate of gross domestic product (GDP) for the UK. Uses additional data to provide a more precise indication of economic growth than the first estimate.

Table of contents

Main points

Headline GDP figures

Output

Expenditure

Income

Revisions to GDP

Quarterly sector accounts

GDP quarterly national accounts data

Glossary

Measuring the data

Strengths and limitations

Related links

* * * * * * *

Main points

– There is little change to our earlier estimate of UK gross domestic product (GDP) for 2020 as whole, which is now estimated to have contracted by 9.8%, slightly revised from the first estimate of a 9.9% decline; there are, though, revisions to the quarterly path through the year.

– GDP is estimated to have increased by 1.3% in Quarter 4 (Oct to Dec) 2020, an upwards revision of 0.3 percentage points.

– GDP in Quarter 2 (Apr to June 2020) is estimated to have fallen 19.5%, a downwards revision of 0.5 percentage points, and in Quarter 3 (July to Sept) is estimated to have grown by 16.9%, an upwards revision of 0.8 percentage points.

– The household saving ratio increased to 16.1% in Quarter 4 2020, an increase from a revised 14.3% in Quarter 3 2020; over the year 2020, the household saving ratio rose sharply, reaching a record high of 16.3%, compared with 6.8% in 2019.

– Non-financial corporations switched from a net lending position in Quarter 3 to a net borrowing position in Quarter 4; general government saw a decrease in their net borrowing position to 11.0% of GDP compared with 12.9% in Quarter 3.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Commercio, Stati Uniti

USA. 2020. Dati analitici completi di Export ed Import. -13% anno 2020 su anno 2019.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-04-08.

Riportiamo da Annual International Trade Statistics by Country (HS02).

* * * * * * *


The value of merchandise exports from USA totalled $ 1.43 trillion in 2020. Overall commodity exports from USA decreased by 13% compared to 2019. Merchandise exports decreased by $ 214 billion (the value of merchandise exports from USA amounted to $1.64 trillion in 2019).

USA’s exports 2020 by country

Top export destinations of commodities from USA in 2020:

Canada with a share of 17.8% (255 billion US$)

Mexico with a share of 14.8% (212 billion US$)

China with a share of 8.71% (124 billion US$)

Japan with a share of 4.48% (64 billion US$)

United Kingdom with a share of 4.12% (58 billion US$)

Germany with a share of 3.99% (57 billion US$)

Korea with a share of 3.58% (51 billion US$)

Netherlands with a share of 3.18% (45 billion US$)

Brazil with a share of 2.45% (35 billion US$)

Other Asia, nes with a share of 2.13% (30 billion US$)

Exports structure from USA in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

11.9% (170 billion US$): 84 – Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

11.3% (161 billion US$): 85 – Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

10.8% (155 billion US$): 27 – Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

7.35% (105 billion US$): 87 – Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

6.74% (96 billion US$): 90 – Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

5.65% (80 billion US$): 88 – Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof

4.24% (60 billion US$): 39 – Plastics and articles thereof

4.11% (58 billion US$): 71 – Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

3.76% (53 billion US$): 30 – Pharmaceutical products

3% (42 billion US$): 99 – Commodities not specified according to kind

What did USA export in 2020?

USA’s Top Exports in 2020:

4.24% ($60 billion): 2710 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.

3.51% ($50 billion): 2709 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.

3.19% ($45 billion): 8703 – Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

3.1% ($44 billion): 8542 – Electronic integrated circuits and microassemblies.

2.33% ($33 billion): 2711 – Petroleum gases and other gaseous hydrocarbons.

2.31% ($33 billion): 8708 – Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.

1.95% ($28 billion): 9018 – Instruments and appliances used in medical, surgical, dental or veterinary sciences, including scintigraphic apparatus, other electro-medical apparatus and sight-testing instruments.

1.91% ($27 billion): 8525 – Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

1.86% ($26 billion): 8471 – Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

USA’s imports 2020 by country

Top trading partners (import sources) of USA in 2020:

China with a share of 19% (457 billion US$)

Mexico with a share of 13.6% (328 billion US$)

Canada with a share of 11.4% (276 billion US$)

Japan with a share of 5.09% (122 billion US$)

Germany with a share of 4.88% (117 billion US$)

Vietnam with a share of 3.45% (83 billion US$)

Korea with a share of 3.25% (78 billion US$)

Switzerland with a share of 3.13% (75 billion US$)

Ireland with a share of 2.73% (65 billion US$)

Other Asia, nes with a share of 2.59% (62 billion US$)

Imports structure to USA in 2020 represented by the following main commodity groups:

15.1% (364 billion US$): 84 – Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

13.9% (336 billion US$): 85 – Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles

10.5% (254 billion US$): 87 – Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

5.79% (139 billion US$): 30 – Pharmaceutical products

5.4% (130 billion US$): 27 – Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes

4.35% (104 billion US$): 71 – Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin

4.26% (102 billion US$): 99 – Commodities not specified according to kind

3.93% (94 billion US$): 90 – Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof

2.72% (65 billion US$): 94 – Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings

2.61% (62 billion US$): 39 – Plastics and articles thereof

What did USA import in 2020?

USA’s Top Imports in 2020:

6.05% ($145 billion): 8703 – Motor cars and other motor vehicles principally designed for the transport of persons (other than those of heading 87.02), including station wagons and racing cars.

4.8% ($115 billion): 8471 – Automatic data processing machines and units thereof; magnetic or optical readers, machines for transcribing data onto data media in coded form and machines for processing such data, not elsewhere specified or included.

4.17% ($100 billion): 8525 – Transmission apparatus for radio-telephony, radio-telegraphy, radio-broadcasting or television, whether or not incorporating reception apparatus or sound recording or reproducing apparatus; television cameras; still image video cameras and other video camera recorders; digital cameras.

3.4% ($81 billion): 3004 – Medicaments (excluding goods of heading 30.02, 30.05 or 30.06) consisting of mixed or unmixed products for therapeutic or prophylactic uses, put up in measured doses (including those in the form of transdermal administration systems) or in forms or packings for retail sale.

3.39% ($81 billion): 2709 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, crude.

2.49% ($60 billion): 8708 – Parts and accessories of the motor vehicles of headings 87.01 to 87.05.

2.13% ($51 billion): 3002 – Human blood; animal blood prepared for therapeutic, prophylactic or diagnostic uses; antisera and other blood fractions and modified immunological products, whether or not obtained by means of biotechnological processes; vaccines, toxins, cultures of micro-organisms (excluding yeasts) and similar products.

1.5% ($36 billion): 2710 – Petroleum oils and oils obtained from bituminous minerals, other than crude; preparations not elsewhere specified or included, containing by weight 70 % or more of petroleum oils or of oils obtained from bituminous minerals, these oils being the basic constituents of the preparations; waste oils.

1.44% ($34 billion): 7108 – Gold (including gold plated with platinum) unwrought or in semi-manufactured forms, or in powder form.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Regno Unito

Cina. Impone sanzioni su personalità ed istituzioni del Regno Unito.

Cina 017

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-29

“Con noi la Cina non si è mai permessa di parlare come fa con Biden”, dice Trump.

«Se ci fosse stato ancora l’amministrazione Trump al vertice Usa-Cina di Anchorage, Alaska, i suoi rappresentanti “si sarebbero alzati dal tavolo” dopo gli “insulti lanciati agli americani e all’America”. Lo ha detto l’ex presidente, intervenendo a Fox News. Trump ha parlato di “imbarazzo assoluto”. Una settimana fa il consigliere alla Sicurezza nazionale, Jacob Sullivan, e il segretario di Stato, Antony Blinken, avevano tenuto un incontro con il capo della diplomazia cinese Yang Jiechi il quale, ha ricordato la conduttrice, Laura Ingraham, aveva evidenziato le “molte rivolte che hanno attraversato gli Stati Uniti, soprattutto da parte di Black Lives Matter”. “A noi non è mai successa una cosa del genere – ha commentato Trump – quello è stato un imbarazzo assoluto per il nostro Paese. Non potevo crederci”. “Saremmo andati via – ha continuato – nessuno si è mai permesso di parlare al mio gruppo in quel modo, nessuno mi ha mai parlato in quel modo, glielo garantisco. Se lo avessero fatto, avremmo raddoppiato le tariffe. In realtà, francamente, era qualcosa che avremmo dovuto fare. Ho preso miliardi e miliardi di dollari dalla Cina, stavamo riportando di nuovo in alto l’economia, stava andando davvero bene. E la Cina ci rispettava. Non hanno mai parlato come hanno fatto” con la squadra di Joe Biden.»

* * * * * * *  

China sanctions UK entities, individuals for Xinjiang ‘lies’.

«China sanctioned organisations and individuals in the United Kingdom on Friday over what it called “lies and disinformation” about Xinjiang, days after Britain imposed sanctions for human rights abuses in the western Chinese region.

The Chinese foreign ministry said in a statement it sanctioned four entities and nine individuals, including lawmakers such as former Conservative Party leader Iain Duncan Smith and the Conservative Party Human Rights Commission, that “maliciously spread lies and disinformation.”

Targeted individuals and their immediate family members are prohibited from entering Chinese territory, the ministry said, adding that Chinese citizens and institutions will be prohibited from doing business with them.

The move is a retaliation to a coordinated set of sanctions imposed by the United States, European Union, Britain and Canada against Beijing over what they say are human rights violations against the Uighur Muslim minorities in Xinjiang. Beijing has already applied retaliatory sanctions against the EU that were in line with Friday’s announcement. …»

* * * * * * *

«La Cina ha annunciato sanzioni contro nove personalità e quattro istituzioni britanniche»

«L’accusa è di aver “diffuso bugie e disinformazione” sul trattamento riservato dal governo cinese alla minoranza musulmana uigura»

«le persone e le istituzioni britanniche sanzionate sono bandite dalla Cina – comprese Hong Kong e Macao – mentre le loro proprietà nel Paese sono congelate»

«Ai cittadini e alle istituzioni cinesi è inoltre vietato trattare con loro»

«una misura di ritorsione contro le proteste elevate dalla Gran Bretagna, ma anche da Stati Uniti e Unione Europea, per la situazione dei diritti umani nella regione nord-occidentale cinese dello Xinjiang»

«Il Regno Unito …. ha imposto sanzioni unilaterali su individui e istituzioni cinesi rilevanti, citando le cosiddette questioni dei diritti umani nello Xinjiang. Questa mossa, basata solo su bugie e disinformazione, viola in modo flagrante il diritto internazionale e le norme di base che regolano le relazioni internazionali, interferisce grossolanamente negli affari interni della Cina e mina gravemente le relazioni Cina-Regno Unito»

* * * * * * *

L’Amministrazione Harris-Biden, seguita da tutta l’enclave occidentale liberal socialista, ha imboccato una pericolosa strada di confronto con la Cina e con la Russia, scegliendo come terreno del contendere la così detta questione dei ‘diritti umani’.

Persistono però seri dubbi che una simile manovra possa seriamente bloccare la crescita economica della Cina e del Sud Est asiatico, oramai saldamente impostata e quasi autosufficiente.

Nel converso, si constata come le guerre fredde spesso siano il preludio di quelle calde.

*


La Cina ha sanzionato il Regno Unito per ritorsione sulla vicenda degli uiguri.

La Cina ha annunciato sanzioni contro nove personalità e quattro istituzioni britanniche. L’accusa è di aver “diffuso bugie e disinformazione” sul trattamento riservato dal governo cinese alla minoranza musulmana uigura. La decisione segna un’ulteriore escalation delle tensioni fra la Cina e i Paesi dell’Occidente e appare una misura di ritorsione contro le proteste elevate dalla Gran Bretagna, ma anche da Stati Uniti e Unione Europea, per la situazione dei diritti umani nella regione nord-occidentale cinese dello Xinjiang.

Almeno un milione di uiguri e persone di altri gruppi religiosi, per lo più musulmani, sarebbero tenuti in campi di prigionia nella regione, secondo quanto riferito dai gruppi che si battono per il rispetto dei diritti umani di queste popolazioni. Le autorità locali sono inoltre accusate di praticare la sterilizzazione delle donne e di imporre il lavoro forzato.   

Fra i britannici sanzionati da Pechino, c’è Iain Duncan Smith, ex leader del partito conservatore britannico, insieme ad altri esponenti politici della Gran Bretagna.    

“Il Regno Unito – ha detto il Ministero degli Esteri cinese in un comunicato – ha imposto sanzioni unilaterali su individui e istituzioni cinesi rilevanti, citando le cosiddette questioni dei diritti umani nello Xinjiang. Questa mossa, basata solo su bugie e disinformazione, viola in modo flagrante il diritto internazionale e le norme di base che regolano le relazioni internazionali, interferisce grossolanamente negli affari interni della Cina e mina gravemente le relazioni Cina-Regno Unito”.   

Pechino avverte quindi Londra di “non andare oltre sulla strada sbagliata”. E precisa che le persone e le istituzioni britanniche sanzionate sono bandite dalla Cina – comprese Hong Kong e Macao – mentre le loro proprietà nel Paese sono congelate. Ai cittadini e alle istituzioni cinesi è inoltre vietato trattare con loro.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo

Mondo. 2020. GDP PPP aggiornato al 2020Q4 annualizzato. Sorprese.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-02-24.

2021-02-23__ Gdp Momdo PPP 001

Statistics Times ha rilasciato il report Projected GDP Ranking

A quanto ci risulterebbe, questi sarebbero i primi dati ottenuti da una stima del 2020Q4 annualizzata.

Come tutte le stime, anche questi conti si fondano su alcune ipotesi, specialmente che l’annualizzazione del Q4 rappresenti significativamente il pil annuale. Ma nel corso di andamenti tumultuosi, questa ipotesi decade.

In ogni caso, visto che non c’è altro, accontentiamoci di queste stime, peraltro ragionevolmente aderenti la realtà.

*


Il PIL PPP mondiale valeva 134,557 miliardi Usd, e nel 2020 sarebbe sceso a 130,187 miliardi, -4.86%.

La Cina consoliderebbe il suo primato con una salita dai 23,393 miliardi Usd  Int del 2019 ai 24,162.44 del 2020. Sarebbe una delle poche nazioni ad essere cresciuta nel 2020, nonostante il Covid-19.

Al contrario, tutti i paesi occidentali od occidentalizzati accusano severi decrementi.

Il problema sta nei governi.

Nota.

Si faccia caso come Formosa sia denominata nella Tabella come ‘Taiwan Province of China’. I tempi scorrono velocissimi.