Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Asiatica

Myanmar. La Cina riannoda salde relazioni politiche ed economiche. Oceano Indiano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-09-02.

2021-09-03__ Myanmar Cina 001

Negli ultimi trenta anni la Cina si è evoluta da paese misero a primaria potenza politica, militare ed economica.

La ricetta di simile sviluppo è semplice, financo banale: trattative bilaterali su base paritetica e nessuna interferenza negli affari interni dei paesi contraenti.

È l’esatto opposto di quanto propugna il credo liberal, che erge i suoi seguaci al rango di giudici universali inappellabili, che condannano e sanzionano chiunque non si sottometta alla loro ideologia.

Il risultato finale di tale visione del mondo è stata la débâcle in Afghanistan, che ha fatto perdere ogni credibilità nell’America e la ha declassata da grande potenza ad un mesto ruolo locoregionale.

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«China’s special envoy for Asian Affairs Sun Guoxiang visited Myanmar last week for talks with its military rulers, as a new route spanning the Southeast Asian nation opened up connecting Chinese trade flows to the Indian Ocean»

«As opposed to most Western countries that have condemned the army for ousting the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi, China has taken a softer line and said its priorities are stability and not interfering in its neighbour»

«During his Aug. 21 to Aug. 28 visit, Sun met military ruler Min Aung Hlaing as well as foreign minister Wunna Maung Lwin and Minister for the Union Government Office Yar Pyae and “exchanged views with them on the political landscape in Myanmar”»

«We will work together with the international community to play a constructive role in Myanmar’s efforts to restore social stability and resume democratic transformation at an early date»

«China supported Myanmar working with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to implement a five-point consensus aimed at resolving the crisis and “opposes undue external intervention”»

«it was possible Myanmar’s other big neighbour India could decide to follow suit»

«China’s embassy in Myanmar announced the opening of the new trade route linking Yangon’s port on the Indian Ocean to the Chinese border province of Yunnan and by rail onwards to Chengdu in the southwestern province of Sichuan»

«Successful testing of the new Indian Ocean route is an important breakthrough in strengthening China-Myanmar trade relations»

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Poter utilizzare il porto di Yangon, significa per la Cina disporre di un accesso sicuro sull’Oceano Indiano, a poco meno di mille kilometri di strada ferrata dal centro logistico di Chengdu. Accorcia di circa sette migliaia di kilometri la lunghezza delle rotte marittime con la Cina, evitando il passaggio attraverso lo stretto di Malacca, posto a 1,956 kilometri di distanza in linea di aria.

La Cina non si cura minimamente di cosa stiano pensano glio ccidentali. Proprio per nulla.

Non solo.

Per il Myanmar genera una occasione unica di generare posti di lavoro qualificati, qualificare il porto di Yangon, generano altresì un indotto di tutto rispetto economico.

Poi, a Cina aveva già provveduto a costruire una linea ferroviaria ad alta velocità tra Chengdu e Lincang.

Chinese High-Speed Rail Network Reaches Myanmar’s Border

«The opening of the Chengdu-Lincang line will further mainland Southeast Asia’s historic reorientation toward the north.

Lost among the torrent of disheartening news from Myanmar was a report on the official opening of a new rail line bringing China’s high-speed railway network to the country’s border with Myanmar. The recently completed railway runs from Chengdu, the capital of China’s Sichuan province, to Lincang, a prefecture-level city in Yunnan province opposite the town of Chinshwehaw in Myanmar’s Shan State. ….

the railway’s opening ceremony on August 25 that the border would function as an important node of the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and would work to write a new chapter in the history of friendly “paukphaw” relations between Myanmar and China.

The new rail line is just the latest in a flurry of transport links that have bound Yunnan province, once a sparsely populated frontier region at the outer reaches of the Chinese empire, into China’s dense highway and rail network. It also reflects the long process of China’s deepening integration with Myanmar and the other nations of mainland Southeast Asia.»

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China envoy visits Myanmar as new route to Indian Ocean opened.

China’s special envoy for Asian Affairs Sun Guoxiang visited Myanmar last week for talks with its military rulers, as a new route spanning the Southeast Asian nation opened up connecting Chinese trade flows to the Indian Ocean.

As opposed to most Western countries that have condemned the army for ousting the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi, China has taken a softer line and said its priorities are stability and not interfering in its neighbour.

During his Aug. 21 to Aug. 28 visit, Sun met military ruler Min Aung Hlaing as well as foreign minister Wunna Maung Lwin and Minister for the Union Government Office Yar Pyae and “exchanged views with them on the political landscape in Myanmar”, China’s foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin said on Tuesday.

“We will work together with the international community to play a constructive role in Myanmar’s efforts to restore social stability and resume democratic transformation at an early date,” Wang told a regular news briefing in Beijing, when asked about Sun’s trip.

China supported Myanmar working with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) to implement a five-point consensus aimed at resolving the crisis and “opposes undue external intervention”, Wang said.

Opponents of Myanmar’s junta have accused China of supporting February’s military takeover that has sparked daily protests leading to hundreds of deaths and thousands displaced by fighting between the army and hastily formed militias.

Beijing has rejected such accusations and said it backs regional diplomacy on the crisis.

A spokesman for Myanmar’s National Unity Government made up of opponents of military rule did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the Chinese visit.

But members of the shadow government have previously urged countries to deal with them rather than the military.

“China seems to be endorsing the junta by the way it is conducting diplomacy,” said Sai Wansai, a political analyst from the Shan ethnic minority, who said it was possible Myanmar’s other big neighbour India could decide to follow suit.

Separately, China’s embassy in Myanmar announced the opening of the new trade route linking Yangon’s port on the Indian Ocean to the Chinese border province of Yunnan and by rail onwards to Chengdu in the southwestern province of Sichuan.

“Successful testing of the new Indian Ocean route is an important breakthrough in strengthening China-Myanmar trade relations,” the embassy said on its Facebook page.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Asiatica

Cambogia. 2021. Pil anno su anno stimato al 7.1%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-05-08.

Cambogia 004

La Cambogia è un paese misero, che però aveva raddoppiato il proprio pil nel volgere di dieci anni.

La crisi pandemica ha di fatto bloccato il turismo e gran parte delle attività industriali ed agricole.

Adesso si iniziano a vedere i primi segni di una ripresa.

2021-05-01__ Cambogia 001

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2021-05-01__ Cambogia 002

«Cambodia’s economy is forecast to grow 4 percent in 2021 and 5.5 percent in 2022»

«ADB [Asian Development Bank] said the Southeast Asian nation’s economy contracted by 3.1 percent in 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic»

«industrial production is expected to rise 7.1 percent in 2021 and 7 percent in 2022»

«Agriculture is expected to grow by 1.3 percent in 2021»

«Services will recover more slowly, expanding by 3.3 percent in 2021 and 6.2 percent in 2022»

2021-05-01__ Cambogia 004

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ADB says Cambodia’s economy to rebound by 4 pct in 2021, higher next year.

Phnom Penh, April 29 (Xinhua) — Cambodia’s economy is forecast to grow 4 percent in 2021 and 5.5 percent in 2022, as the economic recovery in its major trading partners boosts demand for the kingdom’s exports, an Asian Development Bank (ADB) report has said.

ADB country director for Cambodia Sunniya Durrani-Jamal said the Southeast Asian nation’s economy contracted by 3.1 percent in 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“The government has responded quickly to the recent spike in cases, and we expect the economy to return to growth in 2021,” she said in a press statement on Wednesday.

“This will help increase household incomes, but not all sectors and regions will benefit equally, so it will be essential to closely monitor household welfare and the need for additional support,” she added.

According to the bank’s report, industrial production is expected to rise 7.1 percent in 2021 and 7 percent in 2022 on the back of a rebound in the garments, footwear, and travel goods sector, as well as growth in other light manufacturing such as electronics and bicycles.

Agriculture is expected to grow by 1.3 percent in 2021 and 1.2 percent in 2022, underpinned by higher crop production after last year’s flood damage, continued growth in aquaculture, and rising agriculture exports to China, it said.

Services will recover more slowly, expanding by 3.3 percent in 2021 and 6.2 percent in 2022, the report said, adding that efforts to contain a local outbreak of COVID-19 that began on Feb. 20 are dampening service sector activities.

Travel restrictions are expected to remain in place for most of 2021, which means tourism is not expected to boost services this year, it said. Real estate is expected to recover from last year’s contraction, in line with a similar trend for the construction industry.

“The uneven pace of the recovery across sectors will continue to put pressure on some households and firms this year, which will slow down the overall recovery,” Durrani-Jamal said.

“Key risks to the outlook include widening community outbreaks of COVID-19, slower than expected growth for Cambodia’s major trading partners such as the United States and EU, continued weakness in domestic demand, and stress on financial services and banking,” she added. Enditem