Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Recovery Fund. Europarlamento e Commissione litigano come lavandaie ai trogoli.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-29.

Cabanel Alexandre. L'angelo caduto. 1847. Museè Fabre di Montpellier. Particolare

A parte il trascurabile fatto che il Recovery Fund ha al momento in dotazione zero euro, ossia non ha denari di sorta né in cassa né quindi da distribuire, la sua gestazione si presenta distocica, bloccando di fatto tutto l’operato della Unione Europea.

I liberal socialisti europei sono sul piede di guerra, ancora malconci all’annuncio del decesso di Sua Giustizia Ruth Ginsburg, cui conseguirà la perdita del massimo centro di potere americano, da sempre loro amico fidato.

È una vicenda pallocolosa ed arzigogolata, ove le parole altisonanti celano interessi monetari di vilissima bottega.

* * * * * * *


«Differences were laid bare among EU countries on the link between respect for rule of law and EU funding on Tuesday (22 September).»

«The conditionality was also one of the main hurdles EU leaders had to overcome at their summit in late July, when it took them five days to strike a deal on the budget and recovery package»

«Having produced a vague compromise in July, divisions among EU governments remained between those who want the possibility to suspend EU funds if rule of law is not being respected in a given country, and those who want to narrow the conditionality down to fraud and corruption.»

«Ministers from Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, and Sweden spoke about the need for an “effective” mechanism»

«”We really need a direct link between EU funding and adherence to the principles of rule of law,” Dutch foreign minister Stef Blok said.»

«While the ministers from Denmark and Sweden acknowledged that the basis of the final mechanism needs to be based on the deal struck by EU leaders, they also warned against moving an inch away from that»

«Hungary and Poland, however, had threatened to block the €1.8 trillion budget and recovery fund, if the new conditions become too strict and have a broader link to the respect for the rule of law»

«And a delay in unlocking the economic stimulus is a no-go for most member states»

«The European Council [EU leaders’s summit] did not support the conditionality as proposed by the commission in 2018, otherwise we would see a clear reference to this»

«Szymański was backed by Hungary’s justice minister Judit Varga, who said the “only task is to stick to leaders’ fragile compromise …. Those who want more or bigger, they all risk that very fragile compromise and the rapid adoption of the whole package»

*

«Abbiamo urgente bisogno di un accordo globale sul pacchetto …. le trattative procedono troppo lentamente e così corriamo il rischio di ritardare anche il Recovery Fund»

«Il bilancio comunitario per il 2021-2027 e il Recovery Fund sono politicamente e tecnicamente inseparabili e il tempo stringe»

«la spaccatura più importante è sulla condizionalità legata al rispetto dello stato di diritto»

* * * * * * *


Nella loro modestia ed umiltà, i liberal socialisti ritengono di essere gli inappellabili giudici supremi della moralità e dell’etica di tutto il resto dell’universo, che anatemizzano, e con il quale non intendono avere rapporto alcuno, se questo non condividesse la loro Weltanschauung. Ça va sans dire, essi considerano la propria ideologia una verità assoluta, la verità, che gli altri devono accettare, e loro imporla. Senza se e senza ma.

Capito questo, resta immediatamente comprensibile quanto stia accadendo, anche perché molti stati dell’Unione dell’ideologia liberal non sano proprio cosa farsene.

Poi, sotto il sudario, il lenzuolo funebre, si cela il dissesto del sistema di industrie e servizi che i liberal socialisti si sono costruiti nel corso di decenni: sistema che vive di erogazioni di denaro pubblico e che ora necessità più che mai del denaro europeo, pena la bancarotta.

*


Germania: negoziati lenti, rischio ritardo sul Recovery Fund.

Ambasciatore tedesco in Ue, nodo stato di diritto su bilancio Ue.

“Abbiamo urgente bisogno di un accordo globale sul pacchetto” sul quadro finanziario pluriennale Ue e il Recovery Fund, ma le trattative procedono “troppo lentamente” e così “corriamo il rischio di ritardare anche il Recovery Fund”. E’ il monito dell’ambasciatore tedesco presso la Ue, Michael Clauss, in una nota in cui fa appello ad “aumentare notevolmente il ritmo dei negoziati” in corso tra il Consiglio Ue e il Parlamento Ue. Il bilancio comunitario per il 2021-2027 e il Recovery Fund “sono politicamente e tecnicamente inseparabili” e “il tempo stringe. L’Europa deve mantenere la sua parola”, avverte Clauss, evidenziando come i nodi si concentrino principalmente nelle trattative sul bilancio Ue. In particolare, l’ambasciatore riferisce che la spaccatura più importante è sulla condizionalità legata al rispetto dello stato di diritto, mentre sull’introduzione di nuove risorse proprie dell’Ue le parti sono “già vicine”.

*


EU migration pact to deter asylum.

The European Commission unveiled its long-awaited migration and asylum pact on Wednesday (23 September).

Following months of delays, it is one of president Ursula von der Leyen’s core proposals and comes with promises not to repeat past failures, which turned EU states against one another.

“The old system to deal with it in Europe no longer works. The commission’s package on migration and asylum, which we present today, offers a fresh start,” she announced.

The existing system saw Greece and Italy largely abandoned to deal with tens of thousands of arrivals on their own, while over a million settled in Germany.

The new one includes ideas that are likely to appeal to the more anti-immigrant doctrines of countries such as Hungary or Poland.

It includes placing extra emphasis on returns, making sure countries outside Europe accept back their nationals, while at the same time speeding up asylum procedures.

The whole comes amid a backdrop of recent fires that destroyed an open-air prison for refugees and migrants in Moria, an EU hotspot on the Greek island of Lesbos.

It also comes after Greece suspended asylum claims for a month earlier this year, as thousands of people were pushed backed into Turkey.

The commission’s latest efforts to overhaul the rules is designed to act as a deterrence for anyone not obviously entitled to international protection.

In practice, it means everyone arriving at an EU external border will have to go through security, health, and identity checks within five days.

They will not be able to immediately contest those findings, which will ultimately determine their fates.

The idea is to deny asylum to most people, especially anyone coming from a country where the recognition rates for international protection drops below 20 percent.

“It has to be done very quickly and I think that many of those will have a negative decision,” EU commissioner for home affairs Ylva Johansson told reporters on Wednesday.

People are then to be shuffled into a 12-week asylum border procedure, which does include appeals.

Here, they will be granted access to a normal asylum process later on or returned with the help of a beefed up Frontex, the EU border and coast guard agency.

Anyone alone and under the age of 18 will not have to go through the asylum border procedure, nor will families with children under the age of 12.

The commission is also demanding member states create an independent monitoring system to make sure rights are not violated throughout the process.

Part of that proposal includes turning the Malta-based European Asylum and Support Office (Easo) into a European asylum agency to make sure capitals are doing their jobs correctly.

But years of neglect and suffering in the EU hotspots in Greece, combined with the commission’s refusal to launch infringements against Athens for violating EU laws, is likely to cast a shadow over any such monitoring system.

On Wednesday, EU commission vice-president Margaritis Schinas described those Greek closures as a model for migration management.

“As we proved in Evros at the beginning of March, Europe can now effectively ensure border management,” he said.

The statement carried with it an insight into the commission’s thinking on how to juggle the competing interests of EU member states when it comes to migration.

Schinas had previously described it as a mix between solidarity and responsibility.

The term he coined on Wednesday was “permanent effective constant solidarity”, a phrase that was meant to appeal to everyone whether in Athens, Budapest, or Berlin.

Return sponsorships

“We have looked for a solution between the red lines,” said Schinas.

“And we have done so by introducing a new concept which we call ‘returns sponsorships’ that allow to do something that is new,” he added.

The idea is a departure from the previous commission, which had demanded a mandatory system of quotas that required each EU state to take in people arriving on Italian and Greek shores.

EU states will now be given the option to return people instead, in a bid to help remove the pressure on the member state put under pressure by arrivals.

Those that choose to return someone from the member state under stress will have eight months to do it or will be required to take in that person to finalise the return from their own territory.

The member state sponsoring the returns, will be able to select the nationalities of the asylum claimants they handle.

The commission describes the sponsorship as a viable alternative to relocation, the practice of accepting migrant arrivals already on European territory.

In reality, the proposal is a numbers game based on a distribution key that can be triggered by the commission on its own or by request from a member state under arrival pressure.

The key is based on population size and GDP of the member state and aims to calculate its share of aid to another in need.

Numbers game

It is not straightforward.

For instance, Greece wants 100 people relocated from its territory.

The distribution key is applied and determines two other EU states must take in 50 percent each, meaning they each have 50 people to relocate or return.

But one of the member states refuses to help, resulting in a contribution shortfall.

The commission will then demand everyone to revise their contributions in a so-called “solidarity forum”.

If there is a still a shortfall capped at more than 30 percent, then it can apply a “critical mass correction mechanism”.

The mechanism gives the commission the power to demand the member state with the shortfall to increase its contribution by 50 percent.

In this case, it would mean they would need to relocate or return 25 people.

“What that means is that we have corrected to ensure ‘critical mass’, ” said a commission official, noting the country under pressure will always get at least 70 percent of what was demanded.

Rights groups like Amnesty International and Oxfam International were unimpressed, however, with both describing the proposals as one that shores up walls and defences against asylum seekers and refugees.

“The commission has bowed to pressure from EU governments whose only objective is to decrease the number of people granted protection in Europe,”said Marissa Ryan, head of Oxfam’s EU office.

Similar comments were given by Amnesty, who said the EU scheme will do little to help those most in need.

*


EU countries stuck on rule of law-budget link.

Differences were laid bare among EU countries on the link between respect for rule of law and EU funding on Tuesday (22 September).

EU affairs ministers discussed negotiations between member states and the European Parliament on the bloc’s seven-year budget and its pandemic recovery fund, where rule-of-law conditionality has been one of the key political disagreements.

The conditionality was also one of the main hurdles EU leaders had to overcome at their summit in late July, when it took them five days to strike a deal on the budget and recovery package.

Having produced a vague compromise in July, divisions among EU governments remained between those who want the possibility to suspend EU funds if rule of law is not being respected in a given country, and those who want to narrow the conditionality down to fraud and corruption.

Ministers from Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, and Sweden spoke about the need for an “effective” mechanism.

“We really need a direct link between EU funding and adherence to the principles of rule of law,” Dutch foreign minister Stef Blok said.

“This is more than only protecting the budget against fraud and corruption,” he added.

While the ministers from Denmark and Sweden acknowledged that the basis of the final mechanism needs to be based on the deal struck by EU leaders, they also warned against moving an inch away from that.

“We simply can not accept any watering down of the mechanism,” Finland’s EU minister Tytti Tuppurainen warned.

Hungary and Poland, however, had threatened to block the €1.8 trillion budget and recovery fund, if the new conditions become too strict and have a broader link to the respect for the rule of law.

And a delay in unlocking the economic stimulus is a no-go for most member states.

Poland’s EU affairs minister Konrad Szymański said on Tuesday that the legislation on rule-of-law conditionality should stick to the leaders’ agreement.

“The European Council [EU leaders’s summit] did not support the conditionality as proposed by the commission in 2018, otherwise we would see a clear reference to this,” he said, referring to the European Commission’s original, tougher proposal.

He said the new legislative proposal should “address the flaws” of the 2018 proposal.

“We cannot accept any mechanism that is not legally sound, circumvents treaties, undermines institutional balance, proposes disproportionate measures, and could be used to exercise political pressure on member states,” he said.

Szymański was backed by Hungary’s justice minister Judit Varga, who said the “only task is to stick to leaders’ fragile compromise”.

“Those who want more or bigger, they all risk that very fragile compromise and the rapid adoption of the whole package,” she said.

Varga referred to EU commission president Ursula von der Leyen’s recentstate of the union speech , in which the German politician said such conditionality should protect against fraud, corruption, and conflict of interest, but did not go further.

And all that leaves the German EU presidency stuck between a rock and a hard place.

Four big political groups in the European Parliament, the centre-right EPP, the Socialists and Democrats, the liberal Renew and the Greens have said they would not approve the budget and recovery package unless there is a strong rule-of-law link.

The German EU presidency plans to come forward with its own version of a possible compromise by the end of the month in talks with MEPs.

Meanwhile, Hungary and Poland are already under EU scrutiny for violating European rules and values.

On Tuesday, ministers also discussed the state of play of the two, so-called ‘Article 7’ sanctions procedures against Warsaw and Budapest.

The commission said the situation had not improved in either of the two countries and that serious concerns persisted.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Consiglio Europeo. Orban. Rutte pone anche la condizione del ‘rule of law’.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-07-21.

Moreau Gustave. Le chimere. 001

«New condition on funds would take weeks to discuss»

«Prime Minister Viktor Orban said other European Union leaders had rejected his proposal to speed up an ongoing rule of law procedure against Hungary, complicating talks to secure a deal on the bloc’s emergency pandemic funding»

«Hungary is against a Dutch motion that would require countries taking grants to agree to be bound by the rule of law»

«Orban said a new mechanism adding conditions to pandemic funds “would take a long time to be negotiated” because it’s a legal instrument. “We are not against it, let’s discuss it, but it takes weeks,”»

«The proposed rule of law mechanism is one of the key bottlenecks for EU leaders who have so far failed to unlock an agreement on a 750 billion-euro ($860 billion) response to the crisis»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è drammaticamente semplice ed al momento attuale non risolvibile.

La corrente dei liberal socialisti intende porre nel Consiglio Europeo come condizione preliminare all’erogazione dei fondi agli stati la loro completa adesione alla sua ideologia.

Tale visione era stata preannunciata da un documento dell’europarlamento.

Europarlamento. Diktat al Consiglio Europeo su Budget e Recovery Fund.

Erano state poste quattro condizioni irrinunciabili.

«Ma anche qualora il Consiglio Europeo trovasse un accordo, questo dovrebbe essere approvato dall’europarlamento. Questo augusto consesso ha di questi giorni rilasciato un vero e proprio Diktat, articolato in quattro punti, quattro condizioni non contrattabili.

– Accettazione incondizionata dell’ideologia liberal socialista come precondizione alle trattative.

– La prima è nessun taglio al bilancio: la prospettiva di una dotazione finanziaria più vicina all’1% del reddito nazionale dei 27 cumulato è respinta.

– La seconda condizione è prendere così com’è la proposta del piano anticrisi da 750 miliardi con l’attuale equilibrio: 500 per sovvenzioni a fondo perduto agli Stati più colpiti e 250 per prestiti a tassi di favore.

– La terza: introduzione rapida di almeno due nuove risorse proprie della Ue.

– Quarta condizione poteri di controllo sulle spese del Recovery Fund.»

* * * * * * *

Sotto questa luce, la possibilità di un accordo a 27 diventa ancor più remota.

*


Orban Says EU Leaders Rejected His Rule-of-Law Demands.

New condition on funds would take weeks to discuss, Orban says

Talks enter third day for emergency stimulus deal in Brussels

*

Prime Minister Viktor Orban said other European Union leaders had rejected his proposal to speed up an ongoing rule of law procedure against Hungary, complicating talks to secure a deal on the bloc’s emergency pandemic funding.

Hungary is against a Dutch motion that would require countries taking grants to agree to be bound by the rule of law, Orban said on the sidelines of a debate between EU leaders in Brussels on Sunday. He said the EU should instead pursue the rule of law procedure against Hungary that began in 2018, while channeling resources as quickly as possible to fight the economic crisis stemming from the coronavirus pandemic.

Orban said a new mechanism adding conditions to pandemic funds “would take a long time to be negotiated” because it’s a legal instrument. “We are not against it, let’s discuss it, but it takes weeks,” he said.

The proposed rule of law mechanism is one of the key bottlenecks for EU leaders who have so far failed to unlock an agreement on a 750 billion-euro ($860 billion) response to the crisis.

“I think we have a good chance to make a deal,” Orban said, adding an agreement was “not about Hungary, but about Europe.” Orban also said Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte was the one who could block an accord. “If there is a break, it’s because of him, not because of me,” he said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

EU. Fondi. Consiglio Europeo del 17-18 luglio ed il rule of law.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-07-04.

Rule of Law 013

L’Oxford English Dictionary così definisce il termine ‘rule of law’:

«The authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes».

La cosa non sarebbe destituita di buon senso se i liberal socialisti non si fossero messi in testa che la loro Weltanschauung fosse il fondamento primo di ogni sistema giuridico. Non solo. Trattano da paria chiunque non condivida la loro ideologia. È del tutto sequenziale che questo modo di concepire i rapporti politici e sociali ostacoli grandemente la possibilità di trovare accordi vantaggiosi per ambo le parti.

Il 17-18 luglio si riunirà nuovamente il Consglio Europeo per una altra assise inconcludente.

* * * * * * *

L’organo decisionale dell’Unione Europea è il Consiglio Europeo, ovvero il consesso dei capi di stato e di governo, che per molte decisioni devono raggiungere la unanimità. Per esempio, per l’approvazione dei bilanci.



«Rule-of-law row complicates budget talks»

«EU justice commissioner Didier Reynders on Monday argued for an “effective” link between respect for rule law and the disbursement of EU funds – as complex negotiations drag on among EU leaders on the bloc’s long-term budget and recovery»

«It is one of the divisive issues in the grand bargain among EU member states over the budget and the recovery package that will be discussed by EU leaders at their face-to-face summit on 17-18 July in Brussels»

«While disagreements are already running deep over the overall size of the package, the distribution via grants or loans, the economic conditions, and the issue of rebates (compensation for some net payers ), the rule of law conditionality “is another battleground opening up”, as an EU diplomat put it»

«It remains to be seen, however, how much member states are willing to fight over it, if all other contested issues fall into place»

«The EU Commission first proposed two years ago suspending EU funds in case of rule of law deficiencies»

«Poland and Hungary, which are under EU scrutiny partly for attempts to put the judiciary under political control, have rejected the plans and threatened vetoing the budget.»

«the recent Polish presidential elections, where incumbent president Andrzej Duda called for LGBT-free zones, is one example why the conditionality is so necessary.»

* * * * * * *

In pratica, i liberal socialisti europei vorrebbero che i fondi comunitari fossero erogati esclusivamente agli stati che abbiano accettato l’ideologia liberal. Va di conserva che gli stati sovrani oppongano il loro diritto di veto.

Muro contro muro ed i processi decisionali siano rimandati alla calende greche.

*


Rule-of-law row complicates budget talks.

EU justice commissioner Didier Reynders on Monday argued for an “effective” link between respect for rule law and the disbursement of EU funds – as complex negotiations drag on among EU leaders on the bloc’s long-term budget and recovery.

It is one of the divisive issues in the grand bargain among EU member states over the budget and the recovery package that will be discussed by EU leaders at their face-to-face summit on 17-18 July in Brussels – their first personal contact since the Covid-19 outbreak.

While disagreements are already running deep over the overall size of the package, the distribution via grants or loans, the economic conditions, and the issue of rebates (compensation for some net payers ), the rule of law conditionality “is another battleground opening up”, as an EU diplomat put it.

It remains to be seen, however, how much member states are willing to fight over it, if all other contested issues fall into place.

The EU Commission first proposed two years ago suspending EU funds in case of rule of law deficiencies, in response to criticism that the EU is unable to handle countries where the judiciary’s independence is compromised, or there is misuse of EU funds.

The plan was that commission’s actions could be only stopped by a qualified majority of member states, so-called “reversed qualified majority” in EU jargon.

Poland and Hungary, which are under EU scrutiny partly for attempts to put the judiciary under political control, have rejected the plans and threatened vetoing the budget.

In February, European Council president Charles Michel’s compromise proposal suggested that a qualified majority of member states should approve sanctions proposed by the commission.

Some saw the move as watering down the original plan before leaders’ negotiations even began. Others, for instance Poland, hailed the idea.

In May, in the revised budget proposal, the commission again put forward its original plan that allows for a more automatic sanctioning.

“It is indispensable to act quickly to protect the financial interest of the EU. That’s why we have to set up a decision-making process that can be applied effectively,” Reynders argued to MEPs in the civil liberties committee.

“Reverse qualified majority proposed for the council [of member states] has to be maintained, that is the only way to make sure the mechanism will be effective,” he said.

“If ‘qualified majority’ is chosen instead, we can easily find ourselves in a dead end,” Reynders said, asking the MEPs for their support, as the parliament will also need to vote on the budget deal.

Michel’s Gordian knot

As EU Council president Charles Michel is steering negotiations between governments and prepares his new proposal for the summit, it is clear that some member states want a tough “rule of law conditionality” to a starting point, at least.

The Guardian reported on Monday that Danish prime minister Mette Frederiksen “lobbied” Michel to “toughen the conditions on funding”. Dutch premier Mark Rutte also argued for a strong mechanism to the Belgian politician.

The Danes and the Dutch are part of the so-called ‘Frugal Four’ – along with Sweden and Austria – arguing for smaller spending, tougher, more targeted conditions, part of which would be an effective rule of law tool. But it is not only the ‘frugals’ who are in favour.

“The rule of law conditionality is almost a precondition to getting a deal,” said an EU diplomat, arguing that for frugal governments to convince their voters to support the package, it needs to be vested in a strong rule of law mechanism.

The diplomat argued that the recent Polish presidential elections, where incumbent president Andrzej Duda called for LGBT-free zones, is one example why the conditionality is so necessary.

“It is important that we have mechanism that have some teeth,” said another EU diplomat, acknowledging that “it is difficult to sharpen the teeth again” after the February proposal.

Others argue that Michel’s February proposal should be the starting point.

“It was acceptable to Hungary and Poland, it wasn’t the most critical issue during the February summit [of EU leaders], that’s was not why Michel did not succeed then,” said a third diplomat, arguing that there is not point in opening it up again.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. I liberal socialisti tentano il colpo di stato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-02-19.

ceec-16-1-0021

Già. Esiste anche la Ceec 16 + 1.


Caratteristica dei liberal socialisti è quella di voler imporre la propria Weltanschauung a chiunque abbia la sorte di entrare in contatto con loro. È il principale motivo per cui si sono resi invisi in mezzo mondo.

Il Regno Unito se ne è fuggito via gambe in spalla proprio per non continuare a subire codeste angheria.

Unione Europea in stallo per la crisi politica tedesca. – EU Observer.

Laura Kövesi. La Nancy Pelosi dell’Unione Europea.

Brexit. La fermezza di Johnson lascia nel panico l’Unione Europea.

Brexit. Il Regno Unito manda al diavolo le ‘regole’ dell’Unione Europea.

La rivolta di Germania, Paesi Bassi, Danimarca, Svezia ed Austria.

Adesso la sinistra esterna un altro bisognino di autoaffermazione. Ne hanno sempre una.

Attenzione!! L’articolo riportato è estratto dalla più liberal testa di tutta l’Unione Europea.

Molto modestamente e con grande umiltà, quando dice ‘Unione Europea’ intende dire la sua componente liberal: ci sono anche voci dissenzienti.

«EU plans to link some budget funds to respect for the rule of law will be part of the grand bargain at EU leaders’ negotiations on Thursday’s (20 February) summit over the bloc’s spending plans»

«It is one of the key issues dividing member states in a budget haggle that has been described by EU officials as the most divisive in decades.»

«Several EU affairs ministers criticised the recent proposal from EU Council president Charles Michel – which they argued waters-down a possibly efficient instrument to uphold the rule of law»

«The EU Commission in its original budget proposal for the 2021-27 period, two years ago, introduced plans for the possibility of suspending EU funds to countries where deficiencies in the functioning of the rule of law impacts the use of EU funds»

«That so-called “rule of law conditionality” came as a response to criticism that the EU is unable to handle countries where there is backsliding on the independence of the judiciary and misuse of EU funds»

«Poland and Hungary, which are under EU scrutiny partly for attempts to put the judiciary under political control, have rejected the plans vehemently»

«The subsequent plans for the seven-year EU budget put together by the Finnish EU presidency last December, in line with the commission’s proposal , said measures could only be stopped by a qualified majority of countries (called “reversed qualified majority” in EU jargon)»

* * * * * * *

von der Leyen. I negoziati per il bilancio settennale saranno ardui.

Staremo a vedere se i liberal socialisti avranno la forza di imporre anche questo.

Ma in questa partita c’è anche il convitato di pietra: la Cina.

Cina. Ceec 16 + 1. L’Occidente inizia a preoccuparsi.

Ad oggi, la Ceec eroga agli stati europei afferenti fondi per investimento molto maggiori di quelli dell’Unione Europea.

*


EU leaders face major clash on rule of law budget link

EU plans to link some budget funds to respect for the rule of law will be part of the grand bargain at EU leaders’ negotiations on Thursday’s (20 February) summit over the bloc’s spending plans.

It is one of the key issues dividing member states in a budget haggle that has been described by EU officials as the most divisive in decades.

Several EU affairs ministers criticised the recent proposal from EU Council president Charles Michel – which they argued waters-down a possibly efficient instrument to uphold the rule of law.

“It was a was huge disappointment,” said one EU diplomat of the mood at a meeting on Monday.

The EU Commission in its original budget proposal for the 2021-27 period, two years ago, introduced plans for the possibility of suspending EU funds to countries where deficiencies in the functioning of the rule of law impacts the use of EU funds.

That so-called “rule of law conditionality” came as a response to criticism that the EU is unable to handle countries where there is backsliding on the independence of the judiciary and misuse of EU funds.

It was the first time that a budget plan would link the disbursement of EU funds to member states’ record on upholding the rule of law.

Poland and Hungary, which are under EU scrutiny partly for attempts to put the judiciary under political control, have rejected the plans vehemently.

Poland called it a “massive power grab” by the commission, Hungary labelled it as “blackmail” and said it could veto the budget over the issue.

The subsequent plans for the seven-year EU budget put together by the Finnish EU presidency last December, in line with the commission’s proposal , said measures could only be stopped by a qualified majority of countries (called “reversed qualified majority” in EU jargon).

Michel, in his plans for a compromise deal put forward last Friday, changed that criteria, and suggested that a qualified majority of member states should approve sanctions proposed by the commission.

That wold make it easier for Poland and Hungary, or other countries where such deficiencies occur, to muster a blocking minority.

Michel also narrowed down the scope where the deficiencies would be scrutinised: to good governance of authorities, from a general rule of law focus.

‘Should bite’

Germany’s finance minister Olaf Scholz on Monday called this proposal a “setback”.

Finland’s EU affairs minister Tytti Tuppurainen said Michel should strengthen the compromise’s “wording” on conditionality.

“Our citizens expect a strong and feasible rule of law mechanism in the MFF [multiannual financial framework, i.e. EU budget] context, something that also works in practice. Rule of law cannot be a dead letter in the MFF writings,” she said on Monday in Brussels.

The Netherlands will also want to see a stronger link between rule of law and the disbursement of EU funds, and a return to the Finnish proposal.

“It should work, it should not only be a paper reality, but an actual regulation that can bite. We are worried that it is watered down,” said one diplomat.

A senior EU official on Tuesday said the commission is “confident” that a majority can be found among member states in the council if there are deficiencies in a country, “even if the threshold was raised”.

Those criticising Michel’s attempt at a compromise were not so confident, however.

They point to the Article 7 sanctions procedure triggered by the commission against Poland in 2017 (and by the EU parliament against Hungary in 2018), where member states have yet to take a position as the process drags on.

“I am quite disappointed, the European Parliament and my political group in particular, has been adamant that rule of law conditionality must be a critical component of the budget,” Michal Simecka, liberal Slovak MEP tasked with overseeing legislation on an EU mechanism on democracy, and rule of law, told EUobserver.

“The reversed majority, which was the starting point, is the most effective and credible way of addressing the issue,” he said adding that “the council [of member states] has a poor track record in addressing rule of law issues in the Article 7 procedure.”

“Going into negotiations and already watering-down the proposal is fairly disappointing. The majority of MEPs and EU citizens don’t want to see authoritarian regimes on the back of EU subsidies,” he said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Polonia. Nuova legge sull’ordinamento giudiziario.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-29.

Varsavia 001

«The EU is in a tight spot here. If member states start undermining or not recognizing European law, there is not a great deal that the EU institutions can actually do about it.»


La Polonia sta proseguendo ad emanare leggi di riordino dell’ordinamento giudiziario.

L’obiettivo è quello di poter rimuovere giudici nominati in passato a vita tra le fila dei post-comunisti, che esercitano interferenze indebite nei settori propri della politica.

Se questo criterio di azione raccoglie il favore di molti, dovrebbe essere evidente come sia del tutto indigesto ai liberal socialisti europei, avvezzi da tempo a governare in case altrui tramite giudici loro affiliati.

* * * * * * *


Polonia. Camera approva riforma giudiziaria. Giudici licenziabili.

«the government claims the changes are needed to tackle corruption and overhaul its judicial system, which is says is still haunted by the communist era».

*

«On Thursday, Polish lawmakers passed legislation that makes it possible for judges to face disciplinary measures if they make rulings that the government doesn’t agree with»

«The reforms will reduce the authority of independent judges and places it largely in the hands of the Minister of Justice — thus taking power from the judiciary and giving it to the government»

«The participation of judges in the administration of justice is further reduced: bodies of judicial self-governance are replaced, in important matters, with the colleges composed of the court presidents appointed by the Minister of Justice, …. New disciplinary offenses are introduced and the influence of the Minister of Justice on disciplinary proceedings is increased further»

«This move comes after four years of efforts by PiS to tighten its grip on the courts and remove judges from the Supreme Court that it finds to be politically objectionable and replace them with what critics claim are political appointments»

«the Polish Supreme Court ruled that verdicts made by newly appointed judges — thought to be political appointees — could be questioned»

«The problem for the EU is that it can only take very limited action against delinquent member states. Any serious sanctions for breaking the rules require unanimous condemnation from other member states — which anyone who follows EU politics knows is not going to happen any time soon»

«In theory, Brussels could try to remove Poland’s voting rights within the EU by having member states vote on invoking Article 7 of the treaty of the European Union. But with so many other EU states eager to avoid European judges taking a closer look at their own affairs, that is also unlikely»

«The EU is in a tight spot here. If member states start undermining or not recognizing European law, there is not a great deal that the EU institutions can actually do about it»

* * * * * * *


Il problema della divisione dei poteri nacque quando i liberal socialisti acquisirono dalla loro parte gran parte dei magistrati, sia in sede nazionale sia negli altri stati. Poi, si dettero un gran da fare a mettere giudici della loro ideologia nei tribunali dell’Unione Europea.

Hanno ripetuto pari pari le istruzioni che a suo tempo si era data la massoneria: chi governi l’apparato burocratico governa lo stato, senza il dover ricorrere alle fastidiose elezioni.

*


Poland launches a fresh attack on judges — and there’s little the EU can do about it

The government of Poland has launched a fresh assault on the independence of the country’s judiciary, setting the ruling Law and Justice party (PiS) on a collision course with the European Union.

On Thursday, Polish lawmakers passed legislation that makes it possible for judges to face disciplinary measures if they make rulings that the government doesn’t agree with.

The reforms will reduce the authority of independent judges and places it largely in the hands of the Minister of Justice — thus taking power from the judiciary and giving it to the government.

In December, the Venice Commission, an advisory body of independent legal experts to the Council of Europe, published its opinion about under the Polish government’s proposals. “The participation of judges in the administration of justice is further reduced: bodies of judicial self-governance are replaced, in important matters, with the colleges composed of the court presidents appointed by the Minister of Justice,” it said. “New disciplinary offenses are introduced and the influence of the Minister of Justice on disciplinary proceedings is increased further.”

This move comes after four years of efforts by PiS to tighten its grip on the courts and remove judges from the Supreme Court that it finds to be politically objectionable and replace them with what critics claim are political appointments.

The reforms almost certainly breach EU legal requirements that must be met by all member states.

It also came on the same day the Polish Supreme Court ruled that verdicts made by newly appointed judges — thought to be political appointees — could be questioned. It also ruled that the disciplinary chamber — a body set up by the government to punish judges — did not meet the EU’s requirements of judicial independence, and are therefore not legitimate courts. The government disagrees.

“What could be happening in Poland is a dangerous situation, where there are two legal systems, both of which claim the other to be illegitimate,” says Agata Gostyńska-Jakubowska, a senior researcher at the Centre for European Reform, based in Brussels.

On Friday, Christian Wingand, a spokesman for the Commission, said that Brussels would “not hesitate to take the appropriate measures as necessary.”

Those measures would likely request the ECJ puts in place interim measures to prevent Poland’s disciplinary chamber from acting against judges until the ECJ has reached a decision on the legitimacy of Poland’s reforms. By coincidence, a request for exactly this reached the ECJ on Friday in relation to a separate legal issue the Commission had referred to the ECJ concerning Poland.

The problem for the EU is that it can only take very limited action against delinquent member states. Any serious sanctions for breaking the rules require unanimous condemnation from other member states — which anyone who follows EU politics knows is not going to happen any time soon.

In theory, Brussels could try to remove Poland’s voting rights within the EU by having member states vote on invoking Article 7 of the treaty of the European Union. But with so many other EU states eager to avoid European judges taking a closer look at their own affairs, that is also unlikely.

“The political reaction is stymied by the requirement of near unanimity to trigger serious consequences under Article 7, says Ronan McCrea, Professor of European Law at University College London.” And while the “Court of Justice is not so constrained and can order national courts to disapply national laws that conflict with EU law,” McCrea explains that the danger is “if a state, or national judges simply refuse to carry out EU court rulings, we are back in the political arena.”

The EU is in a tight spot here. If member states start undermining or not recognizing European law, there is not a great deal that the EU institutions can actually do about it.

Gostyńska-Jakubowska says in addition to the punitive measures currently being taken, the EU needs to better explain to European citizens why the deterioration of the rule of law is so dangerous. “We need not only sticks, but carrots. We need to explain to citizens in those countries why the rule of law matters.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Malta mette nei triboli il rule-of-law dell’europarlamento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-14.

Unione Europea 013

«While Poland’s government is escalating its rule of law crisis by introducing even more drastic measures against the country’s judges, another problem is looming over the EU’s commitment to upholding the rule of law: Malta»

«Ever since the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia and the following investigation – or rather the lack of it, it seems clear that something is foul in the state of Malta»

«The European Parliament demanded that the EU Commission launches a rule of law dialogue, a first step towards an Article 7 procedure that could end in Malta losing voting rights in the EU»

«After two years of standstill, the inquiry jumpstarted last month with shocking revelations concerning the involvement of the members of the Maltese government and a swirl of questions regarding the role of prime minister Joseph Muscat, who declared that he will step down this month.»

«His innocence and his competence in overseeing law enforcement are in doubt»

«Yet, Malta’s problems are not easily comparable to those in Poland and Hungary. They are worse in some respects and better in others»

«It is not a matter of authoritarianism. It is worse, however, because weaknesses in its rule of law and serious problems with corruption at high government levels have resulted in the brazen murder of a journalist»

«On paper, the president appoints the judges and the chief justice of Malta on the basis of advice by the prime minister.

In reality, the president only rubberstamps the prime minister’s picks»

«Despite the recommendations from the EU and Council of Europe’s Venice Commission towards establishing a stronger mechanism towards ensuring checks and balances in judicial appointments, no independent body of judicial self-governance ensures that judges exercise of power over their own matters»

«In Portugal, former prime minister Jose Socrates is facing charges of corruption, even though his own party is in government»

«In the Czech Republic, prime minister Andrej Babis faces investigation»

«In contrast, in Poland, where virtually the entire law enforcement is centred around the minister of Jjustice Zbigniew Ziobro who is also the prosecutor general, investigations into alleged crimes and misdemeanours by politicians from the ruling party are initiated – and then, dropped»

«In Hungary, the misuse of EU’s taxpayers’ money by well-connected people has been pointed out by EU agencies but the Hungarian authorities have not charged any»

«The dialogue might seem as a light measure, but it in fact is the first step on the road to triggering the Article 7 procedure. …. One should not overuse it, as the possibility of ultimately depriving a member state of its vote in the Council is not something to be invoked lightly»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è la nomina dei giudici.

Nella civilissima Germania, per esempio, la Corte Costituzionale è formato da sedici giudici eletti per metà dai membri del Bundestag e per metà dal Bundesrat. La durata della carica è fissata a 12 anni: termina comunque al raggiungimento dell’età di 68 anni.

In Germania non esiste un organo di autogoverno della magistratura affine al CSM italiano. La nomina dei magistrati addetti ai tribunali federali incombe così al Ministro federale competente in materia (Giustizia, Lavoro, Finanze, ecc.). I provvedimenti disciplinari contro giudici e procuratori federali possono essere assunti solo nel caso in cui, a seguito di una richiesta del Bundestag in tal senso, il Tribunale costituzionale abbia accertato un comportamento doloso del singolo magistrato, con decisione presa da almeno i 2/3 dei suoi componenti.

*

Come si vede, i giudici in Germania sono tutti di nomina politica: ogni popolo ha le sue tradizioni anche per le istituzioni giuridiche. Non solo: la politica ha la potestà di rimuovere i giudici.

Ci si domanda, per quale motivo un simile criterio non possa essere seguito anche da altri stati afferenti l’Unione Europea.

*


EuObserver. 2020-01-06. Maltese murder – the next rule-of-law crisis in EU?

While Poland’s government is escalating its rule of law crisis by introducing even more drastic measures against the country’s judges, another problem is looming over the EU’s commitment to upholding the rule of law: Malta.

Ever since the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia and the following investigation – or rather the lack of it, it seems clear that something is foul in the state of Malta.

The European Parliament demanded that the EU Commission launches a rule of law dialogue, a first step towards an Article 7 procedure that could end in Malta losing voting rights in the EU.

It may be too early though.

After two years of standstill, the inquiry jumpstarted last month with shocking revelations concerning the involvement of the members of the Maltese government and a swirl of questions regarding the role of prime minister Joseph Muscat, who declared that he will step down this month.

His innocence and his competence in overseeing law enforcement are in doubt.

Yet, Malta’s problems are not easily comparable to those in Poland and Hungary. They are worse in some respects and better in others.

In contrast to Poland and Hungary, in Malta, no ruling party or government is trying to systematically subjugate the judiciary in order to exert political control over it.

It is not a matter of authoritarianism. It is worse, however, because weaknesses in its rule of law and serious problems with corruption at high government levels have resulted in the brazen murder of a journalist.

Where does that put the European Union? The current toolbox for preventing the backsliding of the rule of law assumes that the EU reacts to ‘systemic’ issues with the rule of law.

Malta has such issues, as the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe already pointed out in December 2018.

It stressed, in particular, the lack of proper checks and balances, stating that “Taking also into account the prime ministers strong position in judicial appointments (…), crucial checks and balances are missing.”

The prime minister holds the bulk of executive power with the president being more akin to his counterpart in Germany. On paper, the president appoints the judges and the chief justice of Malta on the basis of advice by the prime minister.

In reality, the president only rubberstamps the prime minister’s picks. Despite the recommendations from the EU and Council of Europe’s Venice Commission towards establishing a stronger mechanism towards ensuring checks and balances in judicial appointments, no independent body of judicial self-governance ensures that judges exercise of power over their own matters.

Size matters

Malta can solve its legal and institutional challenges, but there is a challenge, which it cannot solve – its size.

With a population just shy of 500,000, it is no bigger than a medium-sized city in Germany or the UK. And in politics, close connections count.

Networks, be it familial, friendly or professional, are dense. When we talk about the judiciary in Poland, we talk about 10,000 judges. Malta has 24 judges, 22 magistrates, and one chief justice.

You can gather the upper echelons of Malta’s three branches of government at a garden party. This level of proximity makes it even more imperative to strengthen institutional checks and balances.

A country that respects the rule of law can prosecute the powerful.

In Portugal, former prime minister Jose Socrates is facing charges of corruption, even though his own party is in government.

In the Czech Republic, prime minister Andrej Babis faces investigation.

In contrast, in Poland, where virtually the entire law enforcement is centred around the minister of Jjustice Zbigniew Ziobro who is also the prosecutor general, investigations into alleged crimes and misdemeanours by politicians from the ruling party are initiated – and then, dropped.

In Hungary, the misuse of EU’s taxpayers’ money by well-connected people has been pointed out by EU agencies but the Hungarian authorities have not charged anybody.

The sudden momentum behind the Galizia case may suggest that Malta can solve its issues by itself after all.

If the European Commission wants to wait a bit longer, it should, however, make it clear to Maltese partners that a swift resolution of criminal cases, together with an overall strengthening of checks and balances in line with the Venice Commission recommendations, is the only way to avoid the start of the pre-Article 7 dialogue.

The dialogue might seem as a light measure, but it in fact is the first step on the road to triggering the Article 7 procedure.

One should not overuse it, as the possibility of ultimately depriving a member state of its vote in the Council is not something to be invoked lightly.

But if Malta will find itself unable to handle the murder of Daphne Caruana Galizia and will thus prove that its constitutional system has indeed eroded to the point where the country is unable to respect the rights of its citizens, entering a rule of law framework dialogue followed by the eventual triggering of the article 7 procedure against Malta would become unavoidable.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Merkel fa le bucce alla Cina in una lectio magistralis. La replica cinese.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-09.

2019-09-09__Merkel_Cina__001

Se Mr Xi fosse andato in Germania a tenere un conferenza in cui avesse asserito che l’ideologia liberal socialista fosse cosa criminale e che il sovranismo identitario fosse il meglio, verosimilmente i tedeschi lo avrebbero messo alla porta in un amen.

Frau Merkel se ne è andata in visita in Cina, ricevuta non da Mr Xi, bensì da Mr Li Keqiang, premier ma non capo dello stato: non ha saputo resistere alla tentazione di tenere ai cinesi una lezione su come dovrebbero pensare e comportarsi. I cinesi hanno ascoltato in dignitoso silenzio, senza rilasciare alla fine un commento ufficiale.

Questo è uno dei comportamenti di Frau Merkel che indispettiscono i suoi interlocutori.

Solo un giornale cinese ha sommessamente ricordato come il sistema economico tedesco sia nei triboli: ma lo ha fatto con il solito garbo orientale. Casualmente, un giornale di secondo piano ha dedicato un ampio articolo al Piano Morgenthau.  A seguito, la risposta ufficiale cinese.

* * * * * * *

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel has underlined the importance of international cooperation on both global warming and global trade in a speech to Chinese students»

«She also criticized China’s social credit system»

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel took China to task, albeit diplomatically, over its climate record on the second day of her latest visit to the world’s second-biggest economy.»

«Speaking to students at Huazhong University in the city of Wuhan, Merkel said “climate protection is everyone’s responsibility” and that given China’s size and power, the world needed an important contribution from it»

«Merkel also questioned whether China should still be considered a developing country, given the speed at which it has modernized in recent years»

«The chancellor used her speech to reiterate her commitment to multilateralism, insisting that common rules were essential in a globalized world, while “protectionism hurts us all»

«the chancellor said China’s rise to become one of the most important players in the world also meant it had greater responsibilities when it came to human rights and safeguarding the rule of law»

«I indicated during the talks that the rights and freedoms agreed upon in Hong Kong’s Basic Law should be safeguarded»

«I have advocated that conflicts be resolved without violence and that anything else would be a catastrophe from my point of view»

«I indicated during the talks that the rights and freedoms agreed upon in Hong Kong’s Basic Law should be safeguarded»

«China’s social credit information system …. Merkel told the students that in Europe the system was viewed as a bad idea because data privacy was considered a human right»

* * * * * * *

Per comparazione, riportiamo l’articolo relativo comparso su Xinhuanet.

German Chancellor Merkel visits central China’s Wuhan

«Angela Merkel Saturday visited central China’s Wuhan during her 12th trip to the country as German Chancellor since 2005.

Before Wuhan, capital city of Hubei province, Merkel had visited a number of cities besides Beijing during her China trips in the past.

When talking with students of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Merkel highlighted the importance of international cooperation in the era of globalization, and called on the students to be participants.

Saying that a nation’s prosperity is part of the prosperity of the whole world, she voiced her hope that students should shoulder common responsibilities to combat global challenges.

In the speech, Merkel reviewed her past trips to China. In Shenyang, she witnessed economic upgrading. In Chengdu she learned about development of western China. In Shenzhen she saw remarkable progress brought by the reform and opening-up.

She said quite a few noted German companies including Siemens, and small and medium-sized innovation enterprises are operating business in Wuhan. Wuhan and Duisburg became the first pair of sister cities between China and Germany in 1982.

Merkel exchanged views with students on internet, artificial intelligence, intelligent manufacturing, and environmental protection.

Before wrapping up her trip, Merkel also visited a local hospital and a factory of the German company Webasto.»

* * * * * * *

Niente da dire che i cinesi conoscano bene l’arte diplomatica.

* * * * * * *


Germany’s Angela Merkel urges China to do more for climate

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has underlined the importance of international cooperation on both global warming and global trade in a speech to Chinese students. She also criticized China’s social credit system.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel took China to task, albeit diplomatically, over its climate record on the second day of her latest visit to the world’s second-biggest economy.

Speaking to students at Huazhong University in the city of Wuhan, Merkel said “climate protection is everyone’s responsibility” and that given China’s size and power, the world needed an important contribution from it.

Merkel also questioned whether China should still be considered a developing country, given the speed at which it has modernized in recent years.

Multilateralism and human rights

The chancellor used her speech to reiterate her commitment to multilateralism, insisting that common rules were essential in a globalized world, while “protectionism hurts us all.” She added that China’s new economic power was itself an illustration of the success of the world’s multilateral trade system.

At the same time, the chancellor said China’s rise to become one of the most important players in the world also meant it had greater responsibilities when it came to human rights and safeguarding the rule of law.

That echoed comments Merkel made following her meeting with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, when she called for a peaceful resolution to the ongoing unrest in Hong Kong. “I indicated during the talks that the rights and freedoms agreed upon in Hong Kong’s Basic Law should be safeguarded,” she said Friday. 

The chancellor took up the issue again on Saturday, saying, “I have advocated that conflicts be resolved without violence and that anything else would be a catastrophe from my point of view.”

Controversial social credit system

The chancellor’s speech in Wuhan also included some criticism of China’s social credit system, which allows the state to evaluate economic and social creditworthiness of both individuals and businesses using personal online data.

China’s social credit information system authority said that some 20 million of the country’s 1.3 billion people had been banned from air and train travel in 2018 because their credit scores were too low.

Merkel told the students that in Europe the system was viewed as a bad idea because data privacy was considered a human right.

The EU Chamber of Commerce in China warned European companies in late August that they would need to ramp up preparations for the social credit system.

But Merkel’s trips to China always include a large business contingent, because of the country’s huge importance as a market for German businesses.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Bulgaria, EU, von der Leyen ed il rule of law.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-05.

Bulgaria 001

Dal 1° dicembre 2000 la Bulgaria fa parte della Nato e dal 1° gennaio 2007 dell’Unione Europea.

Nel 2001 la Bulgaria aveva un pil di 14.076 miliardi Usd ed un pil procapite di 1,784 Usd. A fine 2018 il pil era salito di oltre quattro volte al valore di 64.963 mld e quello procapite a 9,267 Usd. Il pil ppa vale 23,155 Usd.

2019-09-03__Bulgaria__001

«GDP grows 3.1% in Bulgaria

Gross Domestic Product of Bulgaria grew 3.1% in 2018 compared to last year. This rate is 7 -tenths of one percent less than the figure of 3.8% published in 2017.

The GDP figure in 2018 was $64,963 million, Bulgaria is number 75 in the ranking of GDP of the 196 countries that we publish. The absolute value of GDP in Bulgaria rose $6,628 million with respect to 2017.

The GDP per capita of Bulgaria in 2018 was $9,267, $993 higher than in 2017, it was $8,274. To view the evolution of the GDP per capita, it is interesting to look back a few years and compare these data with those of 2008 when the GDP per capita in Bulgaria was $7,153.

If we order the countries according to their GDP per capita, Bulgaria is in 75th position of the 196 countries whose GDP we publish.»

* * * * * * *

La Bulgaria sta svolgendo un ruolo politico ed economico di peso sempre maggiore.

«Il partito conservatore filo-europeista Gerb, guidato dal premier Boyko Borissov, ha vinto le elezioni politiche di domenica 26 marzo con il 33,55% dei voti. Al secondo posto si è collocato il Partito socialista di Kornelia Ninova, con poco più del 27,02% dei voti»

Mr Borissov è prima bulgaro poi europeo, e sarebbe ben difficile dargli torno.  In particolare si è più volte scontrato con la componente liberal socialista europea, che lo accusa di violare il rule of law così come di corruzione.

Non si vuole di proposito entrare nel merito, ma quando un governante quadruplica il pil in diciotto anni avrebbe a buon diritto acquisito il titolo a percepire uno stipendio fantasmagorico.

Kristalina Georgieva candidata EU all’Imf. Nominata con voti sovranisti.

Bruxelles. Laura Kövesi. Ricordatevi bene questo nome.

La lobby romena alla Ue che frena Laura Kövesi alla Procura europea

Anche la Bulgaria non firma il Patto Un sui migranti.

Convenzione di Istanbul. Bulgaria, Slovakia ed altri paesi la rifiutano.

Borisov, Presidente Consiglio EU bacchetta la dirigenza sulla Polonia.

* * * * * * *

Questo il mesto titolo di una testata ultra liberal

Bulgaria: Why did von der Leyen endorse bad politics?

Cattiva politica” significa in quel giornale una politica che non condivide gli ideali liberal socialisti.

È ‘corrotto‘ colui che non lascia pascolare i liberal socialisti.

«On 29 August, the president-elect of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, paid a visit to Bulgaria to discuss the country’s expectations vis-a-vis the new commission and to seek prime minister Boyko Borissov’s support.»

«Her trip will be remembered with her unjust praise for Borissov’s government and the fact that for the first time in Bulgaria journalists were not allowed to ask any questions at a press conference with an EU leader»

«It has been reported that journalists’ microphones were taken away with von der Leyen’s approval.»

«The fragile state of Bulgaria’s rule of law is a delicate matter, so Bulgaria’s economy may have looked like a safe bet.»

«She was very impressed that, in Bulgaria, there was significant investment in schools and universities and that teacher salaries were high.»

«She was pleased that Bulgaria had the highest GDP growth it had seen.»

«Bulgaria’s GDP growth may appear impressive only if the number is examined out of context.

The Bulgarian Industrial Association has calculated that, since 2007, foreign direct investment has fallen 10 times in absolute terms.

Most growth can be attributed to EU funds.»

«In other words, the EU finances an autocracy, but there is also a caveat.

EU funds flow to the economy on paper, but, in practice, they get deviated to private pockets. »

«Borissov used the second person singular to address the president-elect.

The Bulgarian language is conservative, and proper grammar is a sign of respect – on formal occasions, Bulgarians address each other and foreigners in the second person plural.»

* * * * * * *

Il testo riportato dovrebbe essere auto esplicativo.

Mrs Ursula von der Leyen prende atto che alle elezioni europee i liberal socialisti hanno perso un centinaio di deputati e, con essi, la maggioranza: lei infatti è stata eletta con i voti dei sovranisti, mica con quelli dei liberal.

È evidente come Mrs von der Leyen non sia per nulla infastidita della politica economica perseguita dalla Bulgaria, anzi, si direbbe proprio l’opposto.

Aver tolto il microfono ad un giornalista che lo stava usando in modo improprio sarebbe più questione di buon senso che di politica.

Poi, ma chi si credono di essere i giornalisti?

Vogliono fare politica? Perfetto. Si facciano eleggere, se ci riescono. I tempi stanno cambiando.


EU Observer. 2019-09-03. Bulgaria: Why did von der Leyen endorse bad politics?

On 29 August, the president-elect of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, paid a visit to Bulgaria to discuss the country’s expectations vis-a-vis the new commission and to seek prime minister Boyko Borissov’s support.

Her trip will be remembered with her unjust praise for Borissov’s government and the fact that for the first time in Bulgaria journalists were not allowed to ask any questions at a press conference with an EU leader.

It has been reported that journalists’ microphones were taken away with von der Leyen’s approval.

What went wrong?

Safety first

One may reasonably suspect that von der Leyen’s advisors tried very hard to find positive developments in Bulgaria which she could compliment as a form of courtesy towards her hosts.

The fragile state of Bulgaria’s rule of law is a delicate matter, so Bulgaria’s economy may have looked like a safe bet.

At the press conference following her meeting with Borissov, von der Leyen said that when she looked at Bulgaria, she saw “a country which prosper[ed]”.

She was very impressed that, in Bulgaria, there was significant investment in schools and universities and that teacher salaries were high.

She was pleased that Bulgaria had the highest GDP growth it had seen.

But von der Leyen’s statements merit some unpacking and fact-checking.

Anatomy of prosperity

The traditional definition of prosperity is “a state of economic well-being”.

Bulgaria has the lowest GDP per capita, the lowest minimum wage, and the lowest median earnings in the EU.

According to World Bank data, 22 percent of Bulgarians live below the poverty line.

Recently, Bulgarian teachers had a raise – currently, the average teacher salary after tax is €500/month.

However, it has been estimated that a family of four needs €1,224/month just for basic expenses.

In the latest studies, Bulgarian students performed significantly below the average in all categories -science, mathematics, reading – compared to other countries in the Paris-based club of nations, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Bulgaria has one of the lowest research & development government expenditures as a percent of GDP in the EU, as visible from Eurostat data.

Bulgaria also has one of the lowest researchers to inhabitants ratio in Europe, according to UNESCO statistics.

And there are no Bulgarian universities in the first European University Networks approved by the European Commission.

Myth of growth

Bulgaria’s GDP growth may appear impressive only if the number is examined out of context.

The Bulgarian Industrial Association has calculated that, since 2007, foreign direct investment has fallen 10 times in absolute terms.

Most growth can be attributed to EU funds.

Based on publicly available data, I have estimated that Bulgaria has one of the highest GDP to EU funds ratio in the EU – 4.91 percent.

Even Hungary, which is usually treated as a leader in receiving EU funds, has a lower ratio – 4.59 percent.

In other words, the EU finances an autocracy, but there is also a caveat.

EU funds flow to the economy on paper, but, in practice, they get deviated to private pockets.

A series of investigations by Bivol, the Bulgarian partner of the Organised Crime and Corruption Reporting Project, a journalistic club, provide ample illustrations of these abuses of EU finances.

Awkward press conference

Beyond von der Leyen’s assertions about the economy, which surely angered many Bulgarians, for they do not reflect reality, one could not help but notice that Borissov used the second person singular to address the president-elect.

The Bulgarian language is conservative, and proper grammar is a sign of respect – on formal occasions, Bulgarians address each other and foreigners in the second person plural.

One may wonder if this is any indication of who had more bargaining power at this meeting.

By agreeing with Borissov not to answer questions by journalists, von der Leyen unwittingly contributed to the suffocation of media in Bulgaria.

The latest World Press Freedom Index by the NGO Reporters Without Borders has ranked Bulgaria 111th in the world after Kuwait and Angola.

Questions remain

Over the summer, von der Leyen stressed that “nobody was perfect” when it came to the rule of law.

She also seems comfortable receiving the support of states with a proven corruption record like Bulgaria.

This philosophy surely worries experts who believe that we have reached a “make or break” moment to uphold the rule of law in the EU.

While it is easy to take the microphone away from a journalist, especially in Bulgaria, many questions will eventually catch up with the new commission president.

For instance: what is the price of the rule of law in the EU?; how does her team gather country information?; how much does she value transparency?; is she worried about the misuse of EU funds?; is prosperity a new EU synonym for poverty in Brussels?

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia, Ong - Ngo, Unione Europea

Europarlamento. L’arte di sapersi conquistare i nemici.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-22.

Razzismo 001

Il problema dovrebbe essere semplice, sempre che come tale lo si voglia vedere. Servirebbe anche un pochino di onestà intellettuale.

Una cosa è l’ingerenza della politica nella formulazione delle sentenze emesse dalle corti di giustizia ed una totalmente differente è il fatto che la politica nomini i giudici, come avviene, per esempio, negli Stati Uniti di America, in Francia ed in Germania, solo per fare alcuni esempi. Una cosa ancora differente è quando il potere giudiziario interferisce con quello politico.

Le sinistre europarlamentari fanno volutamente ed artatamente di tutt’erba un fascio, generando così confusione dalla quale rafforzare il proprio potere. Vogliono cercare di governare i paesi identitari sovranisti tramite il sistema giudiziario e la presenza sul loro territorio delle ngo. Non riuscendo ad avere una quota elettorale decente, usano questi sistemi.

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Polonia: l’Ue insiste nel pressing sullo stato di diritto

La Commissione europea ha compiuto il secondo passo in una procedura d’infrazione contro la Polonia, inviando un parere motivato sullo stato di diritto, e più in particolare, sul nuovo regime disciplinare per i giudici polacchi. Si legge in una nota dell’Esecutivo comunitario. Varsavia ha avuto due mesi per rispondere agli argomenti presentati dalla Commissione nella sua lettera di messa in mora. Ma a seguito di un’analisi approfondita della risposta delle autorità polacche, la Commissione ha concluso che “la risposta non allevia le preoccupazioni giuridiche”. Le autorità polacche ora hanno due mesi per adottare le misure necessarie per conformarsi al parere motivato inviato oggi. Se Varsavia non adotterà le misure appropriate, la Commissione può decidere di deferire il caso alla Corte di giustizia dell’Ue. 

Il 3 aprile 2019, Bruxelles aveva avviato questa procedura d’infrazione sostenendo che il nuovo regime disciplinare mina l’indipendenza giudiziaria dei giudici polacchi e non assicura le necessarie garanzie per proteggere i giudici dal controllo della politica. Tra le altre cose – si legge nella nota della Commissione Ue – “la legge polacca permette che i giudici ordinari siano sottoposti a indagini disciplinari, procedure e sanzioni sulla base del contenuto delle loro decisioni giudiziarie. Inoltre, le nuove regole non garantiscono l’indipendenza e l’imparzialità della Camera disciplinare della Corte suprema, composta solo da giudici selezionati dal Consiglio nazionale per la magistratura, che è a sua volta nominato dal Parlamento polacco”.

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Si noti come l’ordinamento polacco sia simile a quello germanico.

«Corte Costituzionale Tedesca.

La nomina dei 16 giudici compete per metà al Bundestag (il parlamento federale) e per metà al Bundesrat (la camera che rappresenta i Länder). Il Bundestag designa i giudici di propria competenza attraverso un comitato di 12 grandi elettori, di cui fanno parte parlamentari eletti dalla medesima camera con metodo proporzionale, che delibera con la maggioranza dei due terzi dei voti. ….

La durata della carica è fissata a 12 anni, ma termina comunque al raggiungimento dell’età di 68 anni,»

Sia in Germania sia in Polonia la Corte Suprema è nominata dai politici eletti: ma per l’europarlamento ciò che va bene in Germania è antidemocratico in Polonia.

Il nodo è ben differente, ed in parte è stato già enucleato. Dobbiamo però aggiunge un’altra componente di non poco valore.

I liberal socialisti odiano di violento odio razziale polacchi ed ungheresi, rei di non essersi sottoposti ai loro voleri, di essersi ribellati al loro piano egemone: questi liberal socialisti nulla hanno da invidiare al nazionalsocialismo di infausta memoria.

Di oggi un nuovo sfregio: la ricusazione di Mrs Beata Szydlo perché polacca.

Non ci si stupisca poi se votando nel Consiglio Europeo Polonia ed Ungheria, assieme a molti altri stati, boccino sistematicamente quanto proposto dall’europarlamento. Per esempio, il bilancio ….

EP employment committee elects Slovak chairwoman

The members of the European Parliament’s employment committee elected Slovak MEP Lucia Duris Nicholsonova as chairwoman on Thursday. Nicholsonova was put forward by the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) group after their Beata Szydlo, former Polish PM, was twice rejected, leading to a spat where Szydlo’s PiS party initially refused to back Commission president candidate Ursula von der Leyen. Nicholsonova received 38 votes in favour and 14 against.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea, Commissione uscente e Visegrad.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-19.

unione europea 001

La maggioranza europarlamentare tra Ppe ed S&D è crollata sotto il peso delle sue contraddizioni.

Contravvenendo alle più elementari regole di buon vivere politico, la Commissione Europea uscente tenta ora il colpo grosso nei confronti dei paesi del Visegrad, rei di aver destabilizzato il vecchio status quo europeo.

La Commissione di Mr Juncker vorrebbe poter arrivare ad escludere Polonia ed Ungheria dal Consiglio Europeo, così da suggellare con questo atto la propria fuoriuscita dalla scena politica.

Oggetto del contendere è il rule of law, termine con il quale i liberal socialisti intendono l’asservimento ideologico dei giudici alla loro ideologia, mezzo oltremodo potente per poter dominare situazioni nelle quali non siano riusciti a conquistarsi una supremazia elettorale.

Questo problema è sentito in molti paesi europei, ma specialmente in Polonia ed in Ungheria.

I loro tribunali, ivi comprese le relative corti costituzionali, sono occupate in gran parte da giudici ideologicamente schierati, che si ingegnano a fare tutto il loro possibile per ostacolare i legittimi governi in carica, legittimamente eletti.

«The European Commission is to propose annual rule-of-law checks on all EU states amid tensions with Hungary, Poland, and Romania»

«Its proposal, to be unveiled in Brussels on Wednesday (17 July), is to model the legal screening on the annual fiscal reviews carried out by EU officials on national debt and deficits»

«It would also include a yearly high-level EU conference on rule of law with NGOs and academics to highlight abuse»

«The proposal comes after EU institutions triggered sanctions procedures against Hungary and Poland for meddling with their courts and other abuses of EU democratic norms»

«The sanctions could, in theory, see Hungary and Poland’s votes suspended in the EU Council»

«But such a move would require unanimity, with Budapest and Warsaw pledging to veto each other’s punishments, and with Lithuania’s new president Gitanas Nauseda, also promising to shield Poland»

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Staremo a vedere come si articoleranno gli eventi.

Una cosa sembrerebbe però emergere chiaramente: ben difficilmente il Consiglio Europeo voterebbe a maggioranza assoluta la sospensione di paesi quali la Polonia e la Ungheria.


EU Observer. 2019-07-17. Poland ‘optimistic’ despite new EU law checks

The European Commission is to propose annual rule-of-law checks on all EU states amid tensions with Hungary, Poland, and Romania.

Its proposal, to be unveiled in Brussels on Wednesday (17 July), is to model the legal screening on the annual fiscal reviews carried out by EU officials on national debt and deficits, according to the Reuters news agency.

It would also include a yearly high-level EU conference on rule of law with NGOs and academics to highlight abuse, Reuters added.

EU interior ministers are likely to discuss the idea when they meet in Brussels on Thursday.

The proposal comes after EU institutions triggered sanctions procedures against Hungary and Poland for meddling with their courts and other abuses of EU democratic norms.

The European Commission also warned Romania on sanctions and won a court injunction to stop Poland firing its Supreme Court judges.

The sanctions could, in theory, see Hungary and Poland’s votes suspended in the EU Council.

But such a move would require unanimity, with Budapest and Warsaw pledging to veto each other’s punishments, and with Lithuania’s new president Gitanas Nauseda, also promising to shield Poland.

“We should not be pursuing the path of sanctions, but the path of a better mutual understanding,” Nauseda said in Warsaw on Tuesday.

The sanctions threats were a “form of oppression”, Polish president Andrzej Duda added.

Hungary and Poland had previously complained they were being singled out unfairly and the proposed annual reviews of all 28 EU countries could help to take the heat off their administrations.

Acting as a bloc with the Czech Republic and Slovakia, they lobbied against the nomination of Dutch commissioner Frans Timmermans – who oversaw the EU sanctions process – to be the next commission chief.

The German minister who got the post on Tuesday, Ursula von der Leyen, has also said she would take a hard line, including EU budget cuts for unruly capitals.

Timmermans’ future role in her commission remains uncertain, however.

She also had to rely on the votes of MEPs from Poland’s ruling party, Law and Justice (PiS), in order to secure her nomination in a European Parliament vote.

And for his part, the Polish prime minister, Mateusz Morawiecki, hinted in Berlin on Tuesday that there was a quid pro quo.

He said Poland had wanted a commission chief who “built bridges” instead of one [Timmermans] who “lectures, scolds, divides, and creates conflicts in Europe”.

German chancellor Angela Merkel had earlier phoned him to solicit PiS’ support for von der Leyen, Morawiecki told press alongside Merkel in the German capital.

“I am a cautious optimist. I believe we will have a partner on the other side completely different from the one [Timmermans] who posed a threat to central Europe by his lack of understanding and unfair treatment of Poland,” Morawiecki added.