«- Taxes must ‘fall and fall fast,’ Edouard Philippe says
‘- Great Debate’ also calls for proportional representation
The French want to pay less tax.
That was the clear message that emerged from a two-month “Great Debate” that saw voters present their grievances and suggest remedies to President Emmanuel Macron.
“There’s an exasperation about taxes,” Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said in Paris April 8, as he was presented with a study outlining the findings of the national debate. “The clear message is that taxes must fall and fall fast.”»
«French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said that after three months of public debate it was that clear tax cuts must be speeded up to quell the widespread anger over high living costs that has fueled anti-government protests. ….
“The debate clearly shows us in which direction we need to go: we need to lower taxes and lower them faster,” ….
The French have understood … that we cannot lower taxes if we don’t lower public spending»
Più chiari di così non si potrebbe essere.
«taxes must fall and fall fast»
Il nostro buon Lenin lo aveva detto in una chiarissima, estrema sintesi: “la borghesia la ammazzi con le tasse”.
Non aveva previsto che anche i borghesi possono scendere in piazza e fare un putifarre.
«cutting taxes must be a priority, in response to a national debate that focused on the yellow vest protesters’ grievances.»
«the debate clearly shows us in which direction we need to go: we need to lower taxes and lower them faster»
«France has the highest taxation rate among developed countries»
«Data from the OECD economic think-tank for 2017 shows France top, with taxes equivalent to 46.2% of national output (GDP), with Denmark second (46%) and Sweden third (44%).»
«spending was 31.2% of GDP in France in 2018; in second place was Belgium (28.9%) and third was Finland (28.7%). The UK figure was 20.6%.»
«Tax cuts have been a key demand of the yellow vest (“gilets jaunes”) movement»
«Mr Philippe said the three-month national debate had highlighted “immense frustration over taxes”.»
«Yellow vest protesters accuse Mr Macron of protecting the Parisian elite, especially the wealthy, while neglecting the hardship of citizens in the provinces.»
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In Germania sono in corso manifestazioni di piazza contro il caro-affitti: il popolo sta finalmente alzando la testa.
Ci si domanda se per avere un taglio delle tasse anche in Italia i Patrioti non debbano scendere in piazza a manifestare tutta la loro rabbia violenta.
The French government must implement bold tax cuts, the prime minister said on Monday, after a mass public consultation called in the wake of “yellow vest” protests that shook President Emmanuel Macron.
Giving the first conclusions of a “Great National Debate” which was launched in January in response to the protests, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said French citizens had expressed “an enormous exasperation” over the heavy tax burden.
“The debates show us very clearly which way to go. We need to lower taxes, and lower them more quickly,” he told an audience in Paris.
The “yellow vest” protests, so called for the fluorescent vests worn by demonstrators, began in mid-November initially over fuel taxes before morphing into a nation-wide revolt against Macron.
The 41-year-old centrist came to power in May 2017 promising pro-business reforms and he has focused his tax cuts so far on companies and high-earners in a bid to increase investment and lower unemployment.
The president is expected to announce new policies in a major speech planned in the middle of the month.
The “Great National Debate” involved 10,000 meetings in community halls around the country, around two million online contributions and saw Macron join local events for nearly 100 hours in total.
As well as lower taxes, Philippe said that several other themes which had emerged during the consultation, which was designed to draw the anger out of the “yellow vest” protest movement.
Citizens wanted a more direct say in the running of the country – so-called “participatory democracy” – and action to combat climate change.
“We have reached a point where hesitating would be worse than an error, it would be an offence,” Philippe added. “The need for change is so radical that any conservatism, any feebleness would be unforgiveable in my view.”
France has the highest taxation rate in the developed world, according to the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
«Stephen Joseph “Steve” Scalise (New Orleans, 6 ottobre 1965) è un politico statunitense, membro della Camera dei Rappresentanti per lo stato della Louisiana.
Laureato all’Università della Louisiana, Scalise, di famiglia italoamericana, ha lavorato come programmatore di computer prima di intraprendere la vita politica.
Nel 1995 conquistò un seggio alla Camera dei Rappresentanti della Louisiana. Fu rieletto altre due volte nel 1999 e nel 2003, ma arrivato alla fine del terzo mandato scelse di candidarsi al Senato della Louisiana. Vinse le elezioni con un margine molto ampio (il 61% dei voti in un confronto a tre), ma pochi mesi dopo decise di candidarsi alla Camera dei Rappresentanti nazionale per affrontare delle elezioni speciali conseguenti alle dimissioni di Bobby Jindal (eletto governatore).
Scalise riuscì a farsi eleggere sconfiggendo l’avversaria democratica con il 75% delle preferenze. Negli anni a venire è sempre stato rieletto con un buon margine di scarto.
Il 14 giugno 2017 viene gravemente ferito da colpi di arma da fuoco sparati da James Thomas Hodgkinson, presso un campo sportivo di Alexandria, in Virginia, durante l’allenamento della squadra di baseball dei repubblicani, in vista del tradizionale Congressional Baseball Game. Prontamente soccorso, le sue condizioni appaiono subito critiche; tuttavia, si riprende ed il 26 luglio lascia l’ospedale» [Fonte]
«House Majority Whip Steve Scalise headed straight to Capitol Hill from the hospital Monday after undergoing surgery almost two weeks ago.
Scalise returned to Capitol Hill for the upcoming vote in the House on the short-term spending bill that’s expected to pass the Senate and reopen the government after a three-day shutdown.
The Louisiana Republican had a planned surgery January 10 as part of his ongoing recovery from the injuries he sustained during a June 2017 shooting at a congressional baseball practice.
“Obviously, a lot’s going on here. I’m glad I’m able to come back to hopefully see us reopen the government,” Scalise said taking questions from reporters on Capitol Hill. “I know it’s been an interesting last few days.”
“I’m feeling real good. I had a major surgery 12 days ago and it was very successful, but it took a long recovery,” Scalise said.
Scalise added that he still has more months of rehabilitation ahead to be to “walk properly and hopefully walk without crutches.”
Despite his long road to a full recovery, Scalise said he plans to run for a sixth term and for re-election as House majority whip.
The announcement of Scalise’s release from the hospital was made at the House Republican conference meeting Monday, and a loud cheer could be heard from outside the room.»
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«North Carolina’s largest health insurer said Thursday its windfall from the new federal tax cut will hold down rate increases in the future, but this year it will use it to give charities $40 million and pay employees a $1,000 bonus»
«The Forsythe Family today dedicated a one-time cash bonus of $1,000 to each eligible Blue Harbor employee.
The Forsythe Family’s financial dedication to Blue Harbor employees is in direct response to President Trump’s Tax Cuts and Job Act of 2017»
«The Company recorded an expense of $70,000 in the fourth quarter of 2017 related to awarding a $1,000 bonus to each employee with a functional title below the Assistant Vice President level. The Company also took action to raise the hourly pay rate to $15 for a small number of hourly employees not already at that pay level.»
«BMO Harris Bank Tuesday joined other banks in raising its minimum wage to $15 per hour because of the recent changes to the corporate tax rate.
BMO Harris, based in Chicago but with a major presence in Milwaukee, said it will also raise its level of community giving by 10 percent in 2018 because of the tax reform law. BMO Harris Bank gave more than $17 million to community groups throughout its U.S. footprint in 2017, emphasizing community and economic development, health and human services, education and the arts.»
«BNB Bank said it was increasing its minimum wage from $13 to $15 in light of the lower corporate tax rate. The bank added it was also increasing wages for employees in the tier above that.
About 100 employees, or 20 percent of the bank’s workforce, will see an increase, BNB said.»
«- $100 million for corporate giving, with funds used to support demand for employee gift-match programs and for investments in Boeing’s focus areas for charitable giving: in education, in our communities, and for veterans and military personnel.
– $100 million for workforce development in the form of training, education, and other capabilities development to meet the scale needed for rapidly evolving technologies and expanding markets.
– $100 million for “workplace of the future” facilities and infrastructure enhancements for Boeing employees.»
La sola Boeing dalla riduzione delle tasse destina trecento milioni di dollari ai suoi dipendenti.
«One of the world’s leading oil companies said Monday it will make new investments in the U.S. worth tens of billions of dollars as a result of the recent tax reform bill championed by President Trump and congressional Republicans.
In a blog post on his company’s website, ExxonMobil CEO Darren Woods said his firm will put $50 billion into existing and new American operations, hiring new workers and expanding output in Texas, New Mexico, and elsewhere.»
«Apple, which had long deferred paying taxes on its foreign earnings and had become synonymous with hoarding money overseas, unveiled plans on Wednesday that would bring back the vast majority of the $252 billion in cash that it held abroad and said it would make a sizable investment in the United States.
With the moves, Apple took advantage of the new tax code that President Trump signed into law last month. A provision allows for a one-time repatriation of corporate cash held abroad at a lower tax rate than what would have been paid under the previous tax plan. Apple, which has 94 percent of its total cash of $269 billion outside the United States, said it would make a one-time tax payment of $38 billion on the repatriated cash.
For years, Apple had said it would not bring its foreign earnings back to the United States until the corporate tax code changed, because such a move would be too costly. Now Apple’s bet to hold back on paying such taxes is reaping rewards under the Trump administration.»
La sola Apple farà tornare negli Stati Uniti 252 miliardi di dollari.
Un conto grossolano indicherebbe a 3,000 miliardi gli impegni di investimenti negli Stati Uniti derivanti dal taglio delle tasse: ma siamo solo agli inizi. Un elevato numero di persone di trova già adesso in tasca dei bonus una tantum da circa 1,000 dollari, ed il salario di molti è cresciuto, specialmente quelli dei bassi livelli.
La morale è semplicissima.
Per lunghi decenni si era ritenuto, erroneamente, che la crescita economica fosse determinata solo dall’aumento dei consumi. Di qui l’uso di innalzare gli stipendi, sgravare dal fisco i privati, oppure modulare i consumi generando nuovi bisogni, magari imposti per legge. Mr Trump indica invece la nuova via di sgravare dal fisco la produzione.
Lo stato deve procurare infrastrutture, deburocratizzare e render più facile il poter lavorare. La gente introita di più, e quindi se li spende a piacer suo.
Meno lo stato si intromette nel settore produttivo e migliore è la vita del Cittadino Contribuente. Questa è la vera ridistribuzione, questa è la vera solidarietà.
Ma Mr Scalise non è certo rimasto con le mani nelle mani.
Ha iniziato a compilare un elenco, al momento ancora largamente incompleto, delle società americane che hanno approfittato del calo delle tasse per ripartire il surplus aumentando i dividendi, i salari, gli investimenti.
Ne riportiamo un estratto, dalla lettera A alla B.
Massachusetts based online auto parts retailer 1A Auto announced across the board cash bonuses for all full-time employees. CEO Rick Green says that the decision was based on recent changes to tax policy.
In a company meeting Wednesday, Green told employees, “Ultimately the tax savings will be passed to our customers in the form of lower prices, but we want to also share some of the savings with you, our hard-working employees.”
The issuance of 10 shares of 1st Source stock currently valued at $500.00 in early 2019 (which must be held for three years) to all employees who were active with the company December 31, 2017 and are also active with the company on December 31, 2018.
An additional performance award base pay increase of $500.00 to eligible colleagues.
A significant increase in the company’s higher education tuition reimbursement program to an annual benefit of $6,000 from $3,000.
Personnel employed by AAON, excluding officers, will receive a $1,000 bonus in recognition of the new tax reform law. AAON employs approximately 2,000 individuals at its Tulsa, Oklahoma and Longview, Texas facilities.
AccuWeather, the world’s fastest-growing provider of forecasts and warnings and a global leader in digital media and weather-related big data, announced it is pleased to be providing special year-end bonuses to all employees. AccuWeather said the bonuses are possible due to the company’s robust financial performance in 2017 and strong confidence in the growing U.S. and global economy now that the Tax Bill has passed.
Advance Financial Chief Experience Officer Tina Hodges announced to employees Friday morning a tax initiative that will yield an additional collective $500,000 to employees and more than $550,000 to community organizations.
1.) Increasing its 401(k) match from 3 percent to 5 percent for all employees.
2.) Increasing the share of profits that front line employees can receive from 3 percent to 5 percent. (Front-line employees, who man Advance Financial’s 85 locations across Tennessee, account for 85 percent of the company’s 800-plus employees.)
3.) Increasing giving to the Advance Financial Foundation by 8 percent. (The foundation provides donations to nonprofit organizations in communities served by Advance Financial.)
The company’s average starting wage is more than $15 an hour.
Aflac announced that it is increasing investments by $250 million in the U.S., which will result in the producktion of jobs and employee benefits, and marks a significant commitment from mid-sized market cap company. Additionally, Aflac will increase their company’s 401(k) match, from 50% to 100% on the first 4% of employee contribution and make a one-time contribution of $500, helping families to build up their nest egg.
Altria Group Inc., one of the Richmond area’s largest private employers, says it is giving all of its non-executive employees a one-time $3,000 bonus, thanks to the corporate tax cut passed by Congress in December.
The Henrico County-based parent company of cigarette maker Philip Morris USA said it also plans to set aside $35 million over three years for philanthropic programs in the communities where it has operations, focusing particularly on nonprofit programs in youth development and workforce preparedness. The money is in addition to the roughly $55 million a year that Altria typically donates to philanthropy, a company spokeswoman said.
The bonus to employees is expected to be paid out this month and will amount to a total of $24 million for the company’s approximately 7,900 non-executive employees.
A Central Jersey bank with 24 branches is boosting the minimum pay for its workers to $15 an hour.
Old Bridge-based Amboy Bank will also pay all non-executive employees a a minimum year-end bonus of $1,000, it said in a statement, becoming at least fourth New Jersey bank to give its workers extra money.
Customers expected to save as a result of the decrease in the federal corporate tax rate
Ameren Illinois electric customers could save an average of $2.50 to $3.00 per month in 2018 and natural gas customers could save an average of $1 per month if the Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) approves the company’s plan to pass savings from the recently approved federal tax cut legislation back to its customers. Customers using both electricity and natural gas could see a combined savings.
Overall, we believe the Tax Act will be a positive development for both the U.S. economy and American Express. Given the momentum in the business and the anticipated benefit of a lower tax rate, we now expect to invest up to $200 million more in 2018 than we originally planned for customer-facing growth initiatives. We’ve also made an incremental contribution to our employee profit-sharing plans to support the long-term financial well-being of our employees. And, for shareholders, we expect to use the remaining anticipated benefits to build capital and support earnings growth in 2018.
American Family Insurance said it will give 11,000 workers a one-time bonus of $1,000, becoming the latest U.S. company to pass some of the savings from federal tax reform to employees.
The Madison-based insurer said the reduction in the corporate income tax rate also would help fuel permanent changes to its employee benefits program, such as expanded tuition reimbursement, help paying student loans and scholarships for workers who pursue a post-high school degree.
Andy Baker, president and owner of AndyMark, which manufactures and distributes mechanical and electrical parts for the competitive robotics market, said savings from the tax cut has accelerated his plans to hire more workers.
He said the company currently employs 25 full-time workers and up to 30 part-time and seasonal workers. Now, Baker anticipates doubling his workforce in the next five to 10 years.
“I think the tax bill is going to accelerate our growth,” he said. “We want more diversity with our business and more vertical integration, which requires more staff, and the tax cut its going to accelerate all that.”
Anfinson Farm Store, a family business in Cushing, Iowa, has awarded $1,000 bonuses and raised wages 5% for all full-time employees as a result of tax reform. The good news was delivered to employees in person just after Christmas.
Anthem, Inc. announced that the company will contribute $1,000 to the 401(k) accounts for each of its more than 58,000 associates and recent retirees. Anthem has created this new investment program for associates following revisions to the U.S. tax code that were enacted earlier this year. In total, Anthem will contribute more than $58 million to the program which helps Anthem associates plan for their retirement and the needs of their families in the future. In addition to the Anthem 401(k) program, the company is investing savings from the changes in the tax code in other efforts to reduce the cost of healthcare and benefit the consumers we serve and our shareholders.
Apple Inc. told employees Wednesday that it’s issuing a bonus of $2,500 worth of restricted stock units, following the introduction of the new U.S. tax law, according to people familiar with the matter.
The move comes on the same day Apple said it would bring back most of its cash from overseas and spend $30 billion in the U.S. over the next five years, funding an additional technical support campus, data centers and 20,000 new employees.
At the Bellevue small business called APPS Portamedic, two employees schedule the health tests people get when they apply for life insurance.
Owner Ben Oakley says he’ll benefit from the new tax rules for many small businesses.
“Anything from the 20 percent reduction down to 17.5 percent, we have a lot of equipment in our business so we’re going to see a tax break there. I was looking at the numbers just based on our simple tax bracket as my wife and I you know it’s about a $2,500 benefit just for income tax alone,” Oakley said in an interview.
Aquesta Financial Holdings – Cornelius, N.C.:
Aquesta Financial Holdings in Cornelius, N.C., will raise hourly pay to $15 and will be giving $1,000 bonuses to all of it workers.
Associated Bank said it will boost its minimum hourly wage to $15 and pay workers a $500 bonus when the recently passed federal tax reform is signed, making it the first major Wisconsin firm to announce it is joining the list of companies saying their employees will directly benefit from the legislation.
The Green Bay-based bank, the largest financial institution headquartered in the state, said it will raise its minimum wage to $15 an hour from $10 — a 50% boost — and distribute the one-time bonus to all hourly, non-commissioned employees once the tax legislation is signed into law.
U.S. tax reform a positive for Assurant. Based on preliminary review, Assurant expects:
Effective tax rate to be reduced to approximately 22%-23% on Assurant current standalone income worldwide
No transition tax on accumulated foreign earnings
Future dividends from Assurant’s non-U.S. subsidiaries not subject to U.S. tax
Q417 will include a one-time benefit to consolidated GAAP net income due to the reduction of net deferred tax liabilities, but write-down on a statutory basis for the insurance subsidiaries due to the reduction of net deferred tax assets
Once tax reform is signed into law, AT&T plans to invest an additional $1 billion in the United States in 2018 and pay a special $1,000 bonus to more than 200,000 AT&T U.S. employees — all union-represented, non-management and front-line managers. If the President signs the bill before Christmas, employees will receive the bonus over the holidays.
atlas air – Purchase, N.y.:
Atlas Air will be providing a special one-time bonus payment to all full-time flight and ground staff employees below the officer level. We are pleased to offer this bonus to our flight crew employees as the Union is in agreement. This bonus will be funded by a tax refund that the Company expects as a result of the newly enacted U.S. tax law.
The $1,000 bonus will be provided in early January.
AutoNation announced that it will double its matching contributions to employees’ 401(k) plans, increase its deferred compensation match to up to 100% for the first $5,500 and launch a cancer benefits program for employees diagnosed with the disease.
AVANGRID’s regulated natural gas and electricity companies will pass along to customers the full benefit of any tax savings that the companies realize as a result of the 2017 federal tax reform act.
Among other changes, the tax reform act reduces the federal corporate tax rate from 35 to 21 percent. As a matter of fairness, AVANGRID believes that any resulting tax savings should be extended to customers.
BGE will file with the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) to pass approximately $82 million in annual tax savings to customers, resulting from federal tax cost reductions. The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which decreased the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 21 percent, was signed into law on Dec. 22, 2017 and became effective on Jan. 1, 2018. If approved by the PSC, the average BGE residential electric customer can expect to see an estimated $2.31 decrease on their monthly bill, and the average residential combined natural gas and electric customer can expect an estimated $4.27 monthly reduction, effective in February 2018.
“Beginning in 2018, we will see benefits from the tax reform, too, in the form of lower corporate tax rates. In the spirit of shared success, we intend to pass some of those benefits along immediately. U.S. employees making up to $150,000 per year in total compensation – about 145,000 teammates – will receive a one-time bonus of $1,000 by year-end.”
Bank of Colorado is paying a special bonus of $1,000 to each full-time associate to share the benefit of the tax cut passed earlier this month by Congress.
President of Bank of Colorado, Shawn Osthoff said, “We feel strongly that the message should be loud and clear that this is a tax cut that will benefit all Americans.” Bank of Colorado has 641 associates in Colorado and New Mexico.
Bank of Hawaii – Honolulu, hawaii:
The state’s second-largest bank, said it will give out $1,000 cash bonuses to 2,074 employees, or 95 percent of its workforce. The bonuses affect all employees below the senior vice president level. The bank also will increase its minimum wage to $15 an hour from $12 an hour.
Bank of the James, Lynchburg, Va., raised its minimum wage to $15 per hour for employees with more than one year of service, added vacation days and substantially increased its charitable giving plans for 2018.
Bank of New York Mellon Corp. (BK) executives said nearly all of this year’s benefits from the new U.S. tax law will go to technology upgrades and its employees instead of shareholders.
That includes a raise in the minimum wage to $15 an hour starting March 1 largely for those who work in the firm’s operations unit. The higher hourly wage will affect about 1,000 of the bank’s 52,500 employees, according to finance chief Mike Santomassimo.
Bank of the Ozarks has announced an annual cash-based incentive bonus plan for hourly employees and certain other employees.
Under the terms of the plan, employees of the Little Rock-based bank will be eligible to receive a cash award of up to $1,200 annually based on company and individual employee performance. Approximately 2,300 of the company’s current employees will be eligible to receive awards under the plan.
Nearly three-fourths of BB&T Corp.’s employees will get a one-time $1,200 bonus in January as part of the bank’s response to the corporate tax rate cut signed into law by President Donald Trump.
About 27,000 BB&T employees will receive the bonus. Most of them are not eligible for incentives or commissions, BB&T said. The bank had 37,189 employees as of Sept. 30, according to a regulatory filing.
The bank also will raise its minimum hourly wage to $15 from $12 on Jan. 1, as well as provide $100 million to the bank’s philanthropic fund.
A weight many Americans shoulder everyday is now gone for the people who work in gravel lot filled with cars along Brevard Road near the Blue Ridge Parkway.
We’re talking health care.
“We had 80 percent of our staff was not insured. We have 100 percent insured now. That’s a big feat,” Benchmark Auto Sales owner Joe Segrave said.
It was Segrave’s decision, but he said it would not have happened without the tax bill that finally passed on Capitol Hill.
“I think all of us share a certain level of disgust with what’s going on with politics in our nation, and, really, I like to keep this as an apolitical decision,” Segrave said. “The bottom line is I had a chance to pay it forward to my employees.”
Paying it forward to the tune of about $4,100 a year per employee. That’s about $120,000 total. From the front office to the repair shop, employees are feeling it.
Providing a special, one-time bonus of $1000 to over 1000 employees. This grant benefits all full–time employees below a certain compensation threshold, covering over 70% of the Bank’s workforce, and augments the special $500 holiday bonus these colleagues received in the fourth quarter.
Enhancing Berkshire’s investment in employee development and training programs to benefit our employees and bolster our current offering at AMEBU – American’s Most Exciting Bank University.
Contributing $2 million to the Berkshire Bank Charitable Foundation which supports charitable organizations, scholarships, and volunteerism across Berkshire’s local communities. This will bolster the foundation’s endowment and allow for increased local giving. Last year we provided over $2 million to our local communities, complementing our employee volunteer program which helps our employees contribute over 40,000 hours of volunteer service each year.
“Black Hills Energy is currently reviewing the recently approved Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017,” spokeswoman Brandy Johnson said in an email. “We will work with utility regulators to develop a plan to provide customers the benefit of the corporate tax rate reduction.”
Questa riportata sarebbe la proposta del Presidente Trump per una prima riduzione delle tasse negli Stati Uniti.
Dovrà passare il vaglio dapprima dei repubblicani, quindi del Congresso: saranno quindi possibili variazioni anche sostanziali, che dipenderanno dalla reciproca capacità e peso contrattuale.
«I democratici non hanno i voti per bocciare la riforma, considerata sotto speciali regole di budget che consentono l’approvazione a maggioranza semplice al Senato anziché di 60 voti su cento»
«una legge che riscrive le aliquote e prevede sgravi netti per 1.500 miliardi di dollari in dieci anni»
«non ridurre le tasse menomerebbe il potenziale di crescita»
«Tax Cuts and Jobs Act»
«Per le imprese la proposta prescrive un taglio permanente delle aliquote al 20% dal 35 per cento»
«Per le multinazionali Usa viene creata l’una tantum sui profitti già accumulati all’estero, che forzi il loro rimpatrio. La tassa sarà del 12% su asset liquidi e del 5% su quelli illiquidi»
«Un’imposta globale minima del 10% verrà invece formulata anzitutto per le controllate estere considerate ad alto tasso di profitti»
«Per famiglie e individui, le aliquote verranno ridotte da sette a quattro»
«Rimarrà la più alta, al 39,6%, per i redditi milionari delle coppie e sopra il mezzo milione per gli individui. Le altre saranno fissate al 12%, per redditi individuali tra i 24mila e i 90mila dollari, al 25% fino a 250mila dollari, e al 35% fino al milione»
«La tassa di successione verrà applicata solo su eredità superiori a 11 milioni»
* * * * * * * *
Tenendo conto della situazione, questa proposta sembrerebbe essere ragionevolmente equilibrata.
Sicuramente delusi quanti si sarebbero aspettati miracoli, altrettanto delusi quanti siano fieri sostenitori della tassazione.
In ogni caso si constata come il 20 gennaio il debito pubblico totale ammontasse a 19,947.305 miliardi di dollari, mentre al 28 luglio fosse sceso a 19,844.885 miliardi Usd. Lo scorso anno, sotto l’Amministrazione Obama, nello stesso periodo il debito pubblico totale era salito di 700 miliardi circa.
Mr Trump dovrà infatti gestire il minor gettito fiscale con la riduzione del debito pubblico.
I repubblicani, con l’appoggio dell’amministrazione Trump, hanno sollevato il sipario su una radicale legislazione di riforma della tasse, che ha l’ambizione di diventare la più profonda trasformazione del regime fiscale americano dalla metà degli anni 80 quando governava Ronald Reagan. La presentazione era stata ritardata di un giorno, segno delle difficoltà che restano sulla strada di una legge che riscrive le aliquote e prevede sgravi netti per 1.500 miliardi di dollari in dieci anni. Ma al battesimo del fuoco, i leader conservatori della Camera che hanno messo a punto i dettagli di un progetto finora emerso solo a grandi linee hanno rivendicato molte e significative svolte, con tagli generalizzati alle imposte di aziende e famiglie, dai ceti medi ai redditi più alti.
I repubblicani sperano di riuscire ad approvare il progetto e spedirlo a Trump – che ieri l’ha definito uno storico «regalo di Natale agli americani» – per la firma prima di fine anno. Con il messaggio, lanciato dallo speaker della Camera Paul Ryan, che «non ridurre le tasse menomerebbe il potenziale di crescita» e che il piano «renderà l’America competitiva nel mondo». Il nome stesso della legislazione rende omaggio a simili obiettivi di rilancio: Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Il disegno, però, oltre a essere osteggiato dall’opposizione democratica come troppo favorevole ai più abbienti e alle grandi aziende, soffre anche di irrisolte perplessità su costi ed effetti, tuttora da stimare con precisione. Gli stessi mercati finanziari hanno reagito senza entusiasmi.
Per le imprese la proposta prescrive un taglio permanente delle aliquote al 20% dal 35 per cento. Una serie di business particolari quali le partnership, chiamati pass-through perché le imposte sono pagate sulle aliquote individuali, scenderebbero al 25 per cento. Le aziende perderebbero al contrario la deducibilità di alcune spese per compensi di dirigenti sopra il milione. Gran parte dei business – con l’eccezione di gruppi immobiliari e piccole società – vedranno ulteriori limiti alle deduzioni. Per le multinazionali Usa viene creata l’una tantum sui profitti già accumulati all’estero, che forzi il loro rimpatrio. La tassa sarà del 12% su asset liquidi e del 5% su quelli illiquidi. Un’imposta globale minima del 10% verrà invece formulata anzitutto per le controllate estere considerate ad alto tasso di profitti. Passi, anche se parziali, verso un approccio “territoriale” alla tassazione, dove gli utili siano tassati dove vengono generati.
Per famiglie e individui, le aliquote verranno ridotte da sette a quattro. Rimarrà la più alta, al 39,6%, per i redditi milionari delle coppie e sopra il mezzo milione per gli individui. Le altre saranno fissate al 12%, per redditi individuali tra i 24mila e i 90mila dollari, al 25% fino a 250mila dollari, e al 35% fino al milione. La tassa di successione verrà applicata solo su eredità superiori a 11 milioni, doppie rispetto alle attuali, per essere cancellata nel 2024. Per i ceti medi, le deduzioni standard saranno raddoppiate a 24mila dollari (le coppie) o 12mila (i single); un credito d’imposta per figli a carico salirà del 60% a 1.600 dollari e nascerà un credito per anziani a carico da 300 dollari. Non ci saranno riduzioni nei popolari contributi esentasse ai piani privati di risparmio pensionistico. Verrà piuttosto ridimensionata la deducibilità di imposte locali: solo quelle sugli immobili rimarranno con tetti a diecimila dollari, nonostante le proteste dalle regioni più progressiste del Paese con elevate tasse statali quali New York e California. Un limite a mezzo milione verrà istituito sul valore delle case comprate in futuro per poter dedurre interessi sui mutui. Eliminate infine le deduzioni per spese mediche, molto usate dai ceti medi.
Il prossimo appuntamento per la complessa e tuttora provvisoria legislazione prevede ora un’accesa discussione in Commissione alla Camera, dove dalla prossima settimana saranno analizzate esatte stime economiche e fiscali e probabili emendamenti – il cosiddetto markup del progetto.
Toccherà poi al Senato fare propria la versione dei deputati o alterarla, allungando i tempi per concordare una versione finale. I democratici non hanno i voti per bocciare la riforma, considerata sotto speciali regole di budget che consentono l’approvazione a maggioranza semplice al Senato anziché di 60 voti su cento. Ma divisioni nella maggioranza repubblicana potrebbero ancora far deragliare le ambizioni della Casa Bianca. E la polemica promette di rimanere dura sui veri beneficiari della riforma.