Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Polonia, Repubblica Ceka, Ungheria ed Estonia bloccano la EU sul carbone.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-24.

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«Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Estonia prevented the EU from adopting a clear long-term climate neutrality goal at the summit in Brussels on Thursday evening (20 June).»

«The central and eastern European leaders could not get behind a draft text which said the EU should take measures “to ensure a transition to a climate-neutral EU by 2050” – a date too specific for them»

«Poland was leading the opposition, with support from the Czech Republic and Hungary»

«A clear commitment for the 2050 date was also missing from Estonia, an EU source said on condition of anonymity.

Another EU source said “three and a half states” were against – in an illustration of the non-committal stance of Estonia»

«But in the end, the leaders decided to scrap the 2050 commitment»

«The final text now says the EU aspires to climate neutrality “in line with the Paris agreement”, and the mention of the year 2050 was moved to a footnote»

«Ironically, in the text published on the European Council website on Thursday evening, the footnote initially was not included»

* * * * * * *

Per meglio comprendere il significato di questa posizione si dovrebbe leggere con cura il testo rilasciato dal Consglio Europeo.

«European Council conclusions on the MFF, climate change, disinformation and hybrid threats, external relations, enlargement and the European Semester, 20 June 2019

  1. Multiannual financial framework

  2. The European Council welcomed the work done under the Romanian Presidency and took note of the various elements of the MFF package. It called on Finland’s Presidency to pursue the work and to develop the Negotiating Box. On that basis the European Council will hold an exchange of views in October 2019, aiming for an agreement before the end of the year.

III. Climate change

  1. The European Council emphasises the importance of the United Nations Secretary General’s Climate Action Summit in September for stepping up global climate action so as to achieve the objective of the Paris Agreement, including by pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. It welcomes the active involvement of Member States and the Commission in the preparations.

  2. Following the sectoral discussions held over recent months, the European Council invites the Council and the Commission to advance work on the conditions, the incentives and the enabling framework to be put in place so as to ensure a transition to a climate-neutral EU in line with the Paris Agreement [1] that will preserve European competitiveness, be just and socially balanced, take account of Member States’ national circumstances and respect their right to decide on their own energy mix, while building on the measures already agreed to achieve the 2030 reduction target. The European Council will finalise its guidance before the end of the year with a view to the adoption and submission of the EU’s long-term strategy to the UNFCCC in early 2020. In this context, the European Council invites the European Investment Bank to step up its activities in support of climate action.

  3. The EU and its Member States remain committed to scaling up the mobilisation of international climate finance from a wide variety of private and public sources and to working towards a timely, well-managed and successful replenishment process for the Green Climate Fund.»

Dapprima esprime un enunciato di principio:

«take account of Member States’ national circumstances and respect their right to decide on their own energy mix»

Poi si arriva al nocciolo vero.

«Multiannual financial framework …. Green Climate Fund»

L’obiettivo è arrivare a varare un piano finanziario pluriennale che sostenga il Green Climate Fund, le risorse del quale saranno impiegate per sostenere le economie tedesca, francese ed olandese.

Interessano i soldi: il ‘clima’ è solo la foglia di fico che santificherebbe il saccheggio.

Ma il piano finanziario pluriennale deve essere approvato dal Consiglio Europeo alla unanimità, e l’epoca in cui l’asse francogermanico era onnipotente è tramontata.


EU Observer. 2019-06-22. Four states block EU 2050 carbon neutral target

Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Estonia prevented the EU from adopting a clear long-term climate neutrality goal at the summit in Brussels on Thursday evening (20 June).

The central and eastern European leaders could not get behind a draft text which said the EU should take measures “to ensure a transition to a climate-neutral EU by 2050” – a date too specific for them.

Poland was leading the opposition, with support from the Czech Republic and Hungary.

A clear commitment for the 2050 date was also missing from Estonia, an EU source said on condition of anonymity.

Another EU source said “three and a half states” were against – in an illustration of the non-committal stance of Estonia.

“There was lots of back and forth and ‘how can we persuade you’,” added the source.

But in the end, the leaders decided to scrap the 2050 commitment.

The final text now says the EU aspires to climate neutrality “in line with the Paris agreement”, and the mention of the year 2050 was moved to a footnote.

“For a large majority of member states, climate neutrality must be achieved by 2050,” that footnote said.

Ironically, in the text published on the European Council website on Thursday evening, the footnote initially was not included.

Climate neutrality refers to an economy in which the emission of greenhouse gases caused by human activity is mostly prevented, and any remaining emissions are compensated through for example planting additional trees or capturing emissions and storing them.

The reference of climate neutrality “in line with the Paris agreement” is open to interpretation.

The global climate agreement, clinched in 2015 in the French capital, said that the entire world should reach climate neutrality “in the second half of this century”.

However, the Paris deal also said that efforts must be made to limit global warming to an average temperature rise of 1.5C, compared to pre-industrial levels.

The failure to reach a consensus on 2050 will be a disappointment to many who saw positive signs in recent weeks.

That 2050 target seemed to gain momentum recently after the EU’s largest state, Germany, decided to support it.

Also earlier this month, the United Kingdom, although leaving the EU, committed to a domestic zero-emissions target by 2050, while Italy also came on board.

But at the EU summit in Brussels it proved to be impossible to convince the last quartet of sceptics.

Consensus is needed for leaders to adopt official conclusions.

One diplomatic source said the reluctance of some coal-dependent member states was “expected”.

“It’s easier for Scandinavian countries to commit to climate neutrality,” he said.

“These are known differences [between the member states]”, he added.

Poland’s permanent representation in Brussels said in a tweet that prime minister Mateusz Morawiecki “defends [Poland]’s interests in discussion about climate policy”.

“Fair distribution of climate protection costs means taking into account the specificities of [member states]. Climate goals are important in the same way as their implementation, taking into account citizens & economy,” it said.

‘Blew it’

But non-governmental organisations were frustrated with the outcome.

Greenpeace said that Europe’s governments “had a chance to lead from the front and put Europe on a rapid path to full decarbonisation”.

“They blew it,” the environmental lobby group added.

Friends of the Earth meanwhile called the vetoes “criminal behaviour”.

“The reference to being in line with the Paris agreement in such a flimsy text makes a mockery of that agreement, and should not be allowed to stand,” said WWF.

The diplomatic source stressed, however, that the EU was “still ambitious” and that he never expected the final target year to be agreed at this summit.

“The climate debate is not finished. It will come back, certainly, in December,” he said.

Meanwhile at the summit, the leaders did agree in the text to submit a long-term climate strategy to the UN climate body in “early 2020”, and adopted a Strategic Agenda which identified climate action as one of the EU’s priorities.

The Strategic Agenda, covering the 2019-2024 period, said the EU’s policies should be “consistent with the Paris agreement” – but also did not contain a specific year for carbon neutrality.

“As the effects of climate change become more visible and pervasive, we urgently need to step up our action to manage this existential threat. The EU can and must lead the way, by engaging in an in-depth transformation of its own economy and society to achieve climate neutrality,” it said.

Another new impetus for the climate debate will be on 1 July when Finland takes over the helm for six months as EU president.

Earlier this month Finland said it wanted to be climate neutral by 2035.

In the early hours of Friday, European Council president Donald Tusk told press “reaching unanimity was not possible today”.

“However, we have good reason to believe that this may change, as no country ruled out the possibility of a positive decision in the coming months,” said Tusk.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Portogallo, Primo paese eurozona ha emesso 260 mld$ di bond denominati in Yuan.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-01.

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Delle notizie occorrerebbe prenderne atto, dando poi per scontato come possano essere interpretate sotto diverse angolature.

Nel 2016 la Polonia e nel 2018 l’Ungheria avevano emesso buoni del tesoro denominati in yuan, ma questi due paesi sono membri dell’Unione Europea ma non fanno parte del’eurozona. A suo tempo furono operazioni avvallate dalla Ecb, anche se a malincuore.

Di questi giorni è il turno del Portogallo, pese aderente l’Eurozona, ad emettere buoni di stato denominati in yuan.

Inoltre questa emissione non è certo di poco conto: ammonta per controvalore a 260 miliardi di dollari americani.

* * *

Il debito pubblico dei paesi europei è trasbordante.

Il problema non è la volontà governativa di ricorrere incrementandolo al debito, quanto piuttosto il trovare chi sia disposto a dare le proprie liquidità per acquistare codesti nuovi titoli. I mercati liberi i considerano rischiosi.

Anche se il concetto è sgradito e tossico per molti, il mercato finanziario dell’eurozona stenta a trovare le risorse per continuare a finanziare i debiti sovrani. Si aggiunga come la volontà dell’Ecb di mantenere tassi bassi, quasi nulli, rende i bond europei scarsamente appetibili.

Aprirsi al mercato finanziario cinese diventa così una semplice azione di Realpolitik, ma nel mondo reale i tassi di interesse sono ben più onerosi di quelli europei, almeno per il momento.

Ovviamente questo è solo un piccolo segno di inizio: prima non c’era ed adesso invece c’è.


New Europe. 2019-05-31. Portugal becomes first Eurozone country to sell debt in Chinese yuan

Portugal is the first Eurozone country to issue bonds denominated in Chinese yuan after offering on 29-30 May so-called “Panda Bonds” worth €260 billion, with a three-year maturity.

The yuan-denominated bonds are the first in the European Union. Poland issued government bonds on the Chinese market in 2016, followed by Hungary in 2018. Although Portugal will pay more in higher-yielding yuan-denominated bonds, the Socialist government in Lisbon plans to enter the high-liquidity market.

Portugal went through an international bailout between 2011 and 2014 but has since returned to positive growth figures, which led ratings agency Fitch update its outlook for Portugal from “stable” to “positive.”

Since exiting its bailout phase five years ago, Portugal has had one of the fastest growing and most robust economies in the Eurozone at a time when EU stalwarts Italy and Germany have seen their economies struggle, with the former having been mired in a recession for much of the latter part of 2018 and early 2019.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Unione Europea

Polonia. Donna arrestata per sacrilegio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-11.

Polonia 001

«A woman has been arrested on suspicion of offending religious sentiment, after posters bearing an image of the Virgin Mary with her halo painted in the colours of the rainbow flag appeared in the city of Płock in central Poland»

*

«The Polish interior minister, Joachim Brudziński, announced on Twitter on Monday that a person had been arrested for “carrying out a profanation of the Virgin Mary of Częstochowa”.»

*

«A Płock police spokeswoman confirmed a 51-year-old woman had been arrested over the alleged offence. The woman had been abroad, but upon her return, the police entered and searched her home, where they found several dozen images of the Virgin Mary with the rainbow-coloured halo»

*

«Offending religious feeling is a crime under the Polish penal code. If convicted, the woman could face a prison sentence of up to two years»

*

«We are dealing with a direct attack on the family and children – the sexualization of children, that entire LBGT movement, gender,” said the PiS leader, Jarosław Kaczyński, speaking to supporters last month. “This is imported, but they today actually threaten our identity, our nation, its continuation and therefore the Polish state»

* * * * * * *

Ogni paese si dota delle leggi che meglio crede essere opportune.

In particolare, queste leggi tendono a difendere ciò che esse ritengono essere cosa sacra.

Si può convenire o meno, condividere o meno, ma il rispetto delle persone umane implica anche il rispettarne i principi religiosi.

Una cosa è presentarli rispettosamente a quanti non credano, ma una totalmente differente è il cercare di imporli. Cosa ancor più differente è la dissacrazione dell’altrui modo di pensare.

Chiunque negli Stati Uniti affermasse pubblicamente che l’omosessualità sia un vizio impuro contro natura, oppure che essa altro non sia che una patologia psichiatrica, sarebbe immediatamente arrestato, condannato ed incarcerato per lunga pena detentiva.

Ma chiunque inneggiasse l’omosessualità nel Brunei sarebbe immediatamente arrestato, processato e condannato.

*

L’omosessualità è parte integrante dell’ideologia liberal socialista.

Ciò che però la rende insopportabile è la presunzione che la ideologia liberal sia la Verità ultima, credo religioso.

E che qualsiasi liberal sia libero di dileggiare le credenze altrui, mentre gli altri se ne dovrebbero guardare dall’opinare le sue credenza, è ulteriore elemento di repulsa. I due pesi e le due misure non son certo segno di giustizia.

– Se la signora arrestata vuole vivere da omosessuale sono in fondo fatti suoi, nessuno intende sindacare cosa avvenga sotto le lenzuola del suo letto. Ma allora lo faccia in privato.

– Cosa ben differente sarebbe quella di fare propaganda lgbt in un paese ove essa è fuori legge.

– Ma cosa ancor peggiore è quella di prendersi l’arbitrio di dileggiare la religione altrui, colpendola nei suoi sacri simboli.

Sono tre livelli diversi e distinti.

Ma questa è materia che si deve voler capire.


The Guardian. 2019-05-07. Woman arrested in Poland over posters of Virgin Mary with rainbow halo

Police accuse 51-year-old Płock woman of ‘profanation’ of revered religious image.

*

A woman has been arrested on suspicion of offending religious sentiment, after posters bearing an image of the Virgin Mary with her halo painted in the colours of the rainbow flag appeared in the city of Płock in central Poland.

The Polish interior minister, Joachim Brudziński, announced on Twitter on Monday that a person had been arrested for “carrying out a profanation of the Virgin Mary of Częstochowa”.

A Płock police spokeswoman confirmed a 51-year-old woman had been arrested over the alleged offence. The woman had been abroad, but upon her return, the police entered and searched her home, where they found several dozen images of the Virgin Mary with the rainbow-coloured halo.

The “Black Madonna of Częstochowa” is a revered Byzantine icon that resides in the monastery of Jasna Góra, a UN world heritage site and Poland’s holiest Catholic shrine.

Offending religious feeling is a crime under the Polish penal code. If convicted, the woman could face a prison sentence of up to two years.

Brudziński, who described the posters as “cultural barbarism” when they appeared overnight in April, said: “Telling stories about freedom and ‘tolerance’ doesn’t give anyone the right to offend the feelings of believers.”

Poland’s ruling rightwing Law and Justice party (PiS) has sought to mobilise its core electorate in the run-up to the European elections by raising the spectre of the country being overwhelmed by western liberal social values.

“We are dealing with a direct attack on the family and children – the sexualization of children, that entire LBGT movement, gender,” said the PiS leader, Jarosław Kaczyński, speaking to supporters last month. “This is imported, but they today actually threaten our identity, our nation, its continuation and therefore the Polish state.

Pubblicato in: Amministrazione, Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Polonia. Dal 2020 il sistema pensionistico emulerà il 401(k) americano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-19.

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È lo stesso Governo Americano a spiegare in cosa consista il sistema pensionistico 401(k).

«The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) covers two types of retirement plans: defined benefit plans and defined contribution plans.

A defined benefit plan promises a specified monthly benefit at retirement. The plan may state this promised benefit as an exact dollar amount, such as $100 per month at retirement. Or, more commonly, it may calculate a benefit through a plan formula that considers such factors as salary and service – for example, 1 percent of average salary for the last 5 years of employment for every year of service with an employer. The benefits in most traditional defined benefit plans are protected, within certain limitations, by federal insurance provided through the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC).

A defined contribution plan, on the other hand, does not promise a specific amount of benefits at retirement. In these plans, the employee or the employer (or both) contribute to the employee’s individual account under the plan, sometimes at a set rate, such as 5 percent of earnings annually. These contributions generally are invested on the employee’s behalf. The employee will ultimately receive the balance in their account, which is based on contributions plus or minus investment gains or losses. The value of the account will fluctuate due to the changes in the value of the investments. Examples of defined contribution plans include 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, employee stock ownership plans, and profit-sharing plans. ….

A Profit Sharing Plan or Stock Bonus Plan is a defined contribution plan under which the plan may provide, or the employer may determine, annually, how much will be contributed to the plan (out of profits or otherwise). The plan contains a formula for allocating to each participant a portion of each annual contribution. A profit sharing plan or stock bonus plan may include a 401(k) plan.

A 401(k) Plan is a defined contribution plan that is a cash or deferred arrangement. Employees can elect to defer receiving a portion of their salary which is instead contributed on their behalf, before taxes, to the 401(k) plan. Sometimes the employer may match these contributions. There is a dollar limit on the amount an employee may elect to defer each year. An employer must advise employees of any limits that may apply. Employees who participate in 401(k) plans assume responsibility for their retirement income by contributing part of their salary and, in many instances, by directing their own investments. ….»

*

«A 401(k) is a feature of a qualified profit-sharing plan that allows employees to contribute a portion of their wages to individual accounts.

– Elective salary deferrals are excluded from the employee’s taxable income (except for designated Roth deferrals).

– Employers can contribute to employees’ accounts.

– Distributions, including earnings, are includible in taxable income at retirement (except for qualified distributions of designated Roth accounts).» [irs.gov/retirement-plans]

*

«The biggest difference between a 401(k) plan and a traditional pension plan is the distinction between a defined benefit plan and a defined contribution plan. Defined benefit plans, such as pensions, guarantee a given amount of monthly income in retirement and place the investment and longevity risk on the plan provider. Defined contribution plans, such as 401(k)s, place the investment and longevity risk on individual employees, asking them to choose their own retirement investments with no guaranteed minimum or maximum benefits. Employees assume the risk of both not investing well and outliving their savings.»

* * * * * * *

Il piano 401(k) consente versamenti contributivi fino a 19,000 dollari l’anno, mentre i piani 403(b), 457(b) e 401(a) consentono di poter aggiungere 55,000 dollari ogni anno. Queste limitazioni trovano la loro ragion d’essere nel fatto che sono esenti da imposizioni fiscali.

Un lavoratore rimasto in servizio per 40 anni consecutivi, con il piano 401(k) potrebbe aver versato 760,000 dollari. mentre con un altro piano più sostanzioso potrebbe arrivare ad un versato contributivo di 2,960,000 dollari. A queste cifre si devono aggiungere le plusvalenze, se maturate, oppure dedurne le minusvalenze.

Ma tranne periodi relativamente brevi, usualmente gli investimenti fatti salgono di valore e generano anche interessi.

Chiariamo immediatamente che, a differenza del sistema pensionistico italiano (europeo in senso lato) contributi versati e plusvalenze accumulate sono disponibili in un ‘monte titoli‘ nominativo del lavoratore, e non sono utilizzati per pagare le pensioni in essere.

Lo stato interviene solo ed unicamente nel caso che i versamenti siano stati minimali, ma non ci si aspetti gran ché.

*

«Poland will dismantle part of its pension system by transferring all 162 billion zloty ($43 billion) of assets managed by privately-owned pension funds to individual pension accounts».

È lo smantellamento storico di quello che fu uno dei pilastri della dottrina socialista.

Nota.

In realtà i piani pensionistici americani sono quanto mai variegati. Qui abbiamo solo cercato di rendere l’idea.


Bloomberg. 2019-04-15. Poland to Move $43 Billion of Pension Assets to Private Accounts

Poland will dismantle part of its pension system by transferring all 162 billion zloty ($43 billion) of assets managed by privately-owned pension funds to individual pension accounts.

State-owned social security fund will pick up a one-time 15 percent fee in the process, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said when unveiling the plan in Warsaw. The transfer of assets from the old system, known as OFE, may take effect at the beginning of 2020, Bloomberg reported earlier on Monday.

The decision comes before the roll-out of a new voluntary, employer-provided pension program emulating the U.S. defined-contribution 401(k) system. Warsaw’s benchmark WIG20 Index fell 0.4 percent after the announcement.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ong - Ngo, Problemi Etici e Morali, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

European Coalition. Un nuovo possibile attore sul proscenio europeo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-26.

2019-03-25__Polonia__001

A due mesi dalle elezioni europee ed in questo anno elettorale per ben otto stati dell’Unione Europea, stanno emergendo apparentemente dal nulla nuove formazioni politiche che riescono spesso ad ottenere ottimi risultati elettorali.

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L’elezione di Mr Macron alla presidenza della Francia ne è stato il primo esempio.

Citeremo soltanto i due casi più recenti.

Olanda. Identitari sovranisti vincono le elezioni al senato.

«Controversial eurosceptic Thierry Baudet’s Forum for Democracy party came from nowhere to be the second biggest in parliament’s upper house after Rutte’s …. The blow for Rutte — who painstakingly formed his ruling coalition to freeze out the far-right after general elections in 2017»

Mentre in Olanda tutti guardavano abbacinati il Pvv, il partito di Geert Wilders, il partito populista ‘Forum per la Democrazia’ entrava per la prima volta al Senato come secondo partito con 10 seggi su 75. Che uniti a quelli del Pvv sono in tutto 16 voti, forse 18 con il computo dei resti.

Il Forum per la Democrazia sembrerebbe essere sorto come un fungo: non era nemmeno riportato nelle prospezioni elettorali.

*

Slovakia. Presidenziali. Caputova 40.04%. Una lezione da meditare.

«Dopo lo scrutinio del 92% dei voti del primo turno, la Caputova è in testa con il 40,04%, mentre Sefcovic ha ottenuto il 18,72%.»

*

«I see the message from voters as a strong call for change»

*

«The Slovak presidency is a largely ceremonial office, but the president has limited powers of veto over laws passed by parliament»

Il successo di Mrs Zuzana Čaputová si è concretizzato in poco meno di due mesi e qualche timido preavviso era stato pubblicato solo alcune settimane prima del voto.

* * * * * * *

In tutta l’Unione Europea si evidenzia una disaffezione degli Elettori nei confronti dei partiti tradizionali, che hanno perso quasi ovunque larghe quote di consenso. A questo fenomeno si è associata una frammentazione politica, per cui in quasi tutti gli stati sono presenti quasi una decina di formazioni politiche, ma con risultati difficilmente superiori al 10% – 15%.

L’Elettorato sta evidenziando una mobilità impensata ed impensabile solo qualche anno or sono, anche con repentini rovesciamenti di fronte. È palpabile il desiderio di privilegiare volti nuovi.

Ancora una volta emerge chiaramente quanto poco conti il controllo dei media, sia elettronici, sia cartacei, sia radiotelevisivi. Le campagne elettorali dei nuovi vincenti sono costate poco o nulla e si sono basate sul passaparola.

I nuovi grandi elettori sono le massaie che stanno facendo la spesa al mercato ed i nonni seduti ai giardinetti. Infiamma più gli animi il commento di quanto siano aumentate le verze che non l’adesione dell’Italia al Belt and Road.

Da molti punti di vista, sembrerebbe di rivivere il periodo di giusto cento anni or sono, periodo di sommovimenti epocale che alla fine hanno condotto all’instaurarsi al potere di Lenin in Russia, Mussolini in Italia, Franco in Spagna, Salazar in Portogallo ed Hitler in Germania.

Per tutta l’Europa si iniziano a sentire voci che invocano governi forti.

* * * * * * *

Da relativamente poco tempo si inizia a sentire girare il nome di European Coalition.

«European Coalition was the name adopted by various electoral coalitions formed in Spain for elections to the European Parliament. The coalitions were headed by Canarian Coalition. In 2019 the European Coalition was formed in Poland for elections to the European Parliament in 2019 by liberals and post-communists associated with PO and SLD.»

In Polonia, European Coalition  formata da:

Civic Platform (PO), 145/460 deputati, 28/100 senatori, 18/51 europarlamentari.

Modem (N), 14/460 deputati, 0/100 senatori, 0/51 eurodeputati.

Democratic Left Alliance (SLD), 0/460 deputati, 0/100 senatori, 3/51 eurodeputati.

The Greens (Zieloni), 0/460 deputati, 0/100 senatori, 0/51 eurodeputati.

Polish People’s Party (PSL), 14/460 deputati, 1/100 senatori, 4/51 eurodeputati.

Questa formazione, European Coalition, dispone ad oggi di 178/460 deputati, 30/100 senatori e 25/51 eurodeputati. La Coalizione è fortemente pro-europea e nutre ideologia liberal socialista: è in sintonia perfetta con la Commissione Europea uscente.

European Coalition così descrive sé stessa:

«Changing the rules to make business accountable.

ECCJ is the only European coalition bringing together European campaigns and national platforms of NGOs, trade unions, consumer organisations and academics to promote corporate accountability.»

»

Scopo dichiarato della European Coalition in Polonia è quello di superare il PiS, Giustizia e Libertà, al momento al governo con 237/460 deputati, 63/100 senatori, 15/51 eurodeputati, 254/552 eletti nelle regioni.

Le attuali prospezioni di Poll of Polls darebbero il Pis al 51%, PO al 23.5%, SLD al 3.5%, N al 2%.

Sulla base di questi numeri, sembrerebbe essere inverosimile che European Coalition possa aver più consensi del PiS, che è quotato al 51%.

* * * * * * *

Eppure i media indicano in European Coalition la formazione che vincerà in Polonia sia le elezioni europee sia quelle politiche che si terranno a breve termine.

L’unico sondaggio eseguito da una società usualmente seria, è quello dall Ipsos, fatto il 16 febbraio di questo anno.

European Coalition il 20 settembre dello scorso era data al 27% dalla Ariadna, al 50% il 30 novembre dalla Polister, ed al 33.24% il 16 febbraio. Sembrerebbero essere valori non ancora stabilizzati.

Macron wants to build EU ‘coalition’ that goes beyond liberal core

SLD and the Polish Greens join the European Coalition

«The Polish Social-Democrats Democratic Left Alliance, SLD (members of S&D with 5 MEPs in the current EP) will not compete in the European Parliament elections on their own. In May 2019 they will run in a major pro-European bloc called the European Coalition. The Polish Greens also joined the bloc.»

Nowoczesna joins the European Coalition

«Last week, the Polish ALDE member party Nowoczesna announced that it will join the European Coalition for the European Parliament elections in May. In addition to Nowoczesna, the Coalition consists of the opposition parties PO, SLD, Zielonymi and Teraz.

Speaking of the announcement, party leader Katarzyna Lubnauer stressed the importance of the European Parliament to have a strong representation of pro-European politicians.»

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The Gay Enemy in Poland’s Culture War

«Poland’s populist government has vilified European Union elites, Muslim refugees, the Germans and anyone questioning Poland’s role in World War II. Now the latest threat comes from homosexuals. ….

A campaign ad circulated by Law & Justice officials ahead of European Parliament elections in May shows an umbrella with the party logo shielding a family from the rainbow of gay pride. ….

It’s all part of Law & Justice’s narrative of a country under siege as the party tries to make gains in the European legislature before fighting for re-election later this year. Should it succeed, the EU’s biggest eastern member and largest net recipient of money could stray further from the mainstream and undermine a bloc also dealing with populist leaderships in Italy and Hungary. …. »

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Supermodel Takes On Catholic Poland With Sex Education Campaign

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Sull’argomento è intervenuta anche la Commissione Europea.

«Creating a European coalition of NGOs and trade unions to prevent violence and protect women and young people in the workplace, with a specific focus on trafficking.»

Nota.

Si cerca di riportare fedelmente quanto stia accadendo.

Però questo è un periodo tumultuoso, carico di notizie messe in giro ai soli fini elettorali. L’unico elemento certo sarebbe, a nostro sommesso parere, la incredibile mobilità elettorale che sta caratterizzando le competizioni europee.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Polonia. Uno svarione di Reuters.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-22.

2019-03-21__Polonia__001

Reuters è solitamente una testata molto precisa nel riportare i dati. Poi, ovviamente, li interpreta dal suo proprio punto di vista, ma, come già detto, usualmente è meticolosa.

Si resta quindi molto sorpresi a leggere la seguente frase:

«Poland’s ruling nationalist party aims to stem a decline in its popularity ahead of two key elections this year»

“Il partito nazionalista polacco al governo mira ad arginare il declino della sua popolarità in vista di due elezioni chiave di quest’anno.”

*

«PiS has targeted LGBT rights as it strives to reverse a decline in popularity»

*

«Poland’s European Coalition, an umbrella grouping of opposition parties, has passed PiS by two points ahead of May’s European Parliament elections»

“La Coalizione Europea della Polonia, un raggruppamento contenitore di partiti di opposizione, ha superato PiS di due punti prima delle elezioni del Parlamento europeo di maggio”

* * * * * * * *

Il sito Poll of Polls riporta il grafico su pubblicato in fotocopia. Il PiS si attesterebbe al 45% delle propensioni al voto e da febbraio il suo trend sarebbe anche in crescita.

Stesso dato emergerebbe anche dalla raccolta dei sondaggi eseguiti in Polonia, e riportati numericamente.

2019-03-21__Polonia__002

L’ultimo sondaggio da il PiS al 44%, ben al di sopra del risultato di 37.6% ottenuto nelle ultime elezioni politiche. Piattaforma Civica è quotata al 20%, contro il 24.1% ottenuto nel 2015.

A nostro sommesso parere, 44% è percentuale maggiore rispetto al 20%.

*

Ci si rende perfettamente conto che si sia in un aspro clima di campagna elettorale, esattamente come ci si rende altrettanto perfettamente conto di quanto sia importante la posta in gioco, non solo nella composizione del prossimo europarlamento ma, soprattutto, di quella del Consiglio Europeo.

Svarioni di codesto tipo e livello non giovano certo alla causa patrocinata.


Reuters. 2019-03-19. Poland’s ruling party picks LGBT rights as election battlefront

WARSAW (Reuters) – Poland’s ruling nationalist party aims to stem a decline in its popularity ahead of two key elections this year with warnings that opposition support for LGBT education is a threat to Polish culture and should be blocked wherever possible.

*

The Law and Justice Party (PiS) has condemned a new school sex education program planned in Poland’s opposition-ruled capital Warsaw, calling it an infringement of traditional Catholic values by Western liberalism.

PiS has targeted LGBT rights as it strives to reverse a decline in popularity amid corruption allegations against financial regulators and questions about party chief Jaroslaw Kaczynski’s business dealings, among other things.

Poland’s European Coalition, an umbrella grouping of opposition parties, has passed PiS by two points ahead of May’s European Parliament elections, according to a new opinion poll. Parliamentary elections will follow in the autumn.

The approved lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) education program in Warsaw is meant to teach students about sexual orientation, discrimination and reproductive health, according to standards set by the World Health Organization.

Conservative politicians, Roman Catholic leaders and commentators argue such lessons will rob parents of the right to decide how their children should be educated and see children discovering their sexuality too early.

“The whole social mechanism of preparing a young person, first a child and then a youth, for future roles as women and men, to start a family, for the role of mother and father, is being questioned. It could be destroyed,” Kaczynski told a PiS party convention on Saturday.

He added that if the opposition prevailed in the coming elections, it would “continue this attack on families, on children,” and urged voters to help PiS foil such outcomes.

Over half of Poles think homosexuality is not normal but can be tolerated, while a quarter believe it should not be tolerated at all, according to a poll carried out in late 2017 by CBOS.

Poland remains one of Europe’s most devout countries. Roughly 90 percent of the 38 million population identify as Catholics and some 12 million attend mass every Sunday. But while PiS is popular in small town and rural areas of Poland, it draws much less support in larger cities like Warsaw.

ATMOSPHERE OF FEAR?

Some analysts said the PiS decision to zero in on LGBT matters in an election year was a strategy of playing on fear of the unfamiliar to win votes at a time when support for the PiS is floundering among young voters and urbanites.

“What the ruling party is doing isn’t a normal discussion about LGBT rights. Through certain connotations, linking this subject with a so-called threat to children, politicians are trying to create an atmosphere of fear,” sociologist Malgorzata Fuszara told daily Rzeczpospolita on Wednesday.

The tactic worked for PiS previously, analysts said, noting how in 2015 it used anti-migrant rhetoric to drum up support before its election defeat of the governing center-left Civic Platform.

“Here they’re playing on fear just like they did with migration. Only this time it’s not against migrants and Islamic countries but against the expansion of Western values,” said Aleksander Smolar at the Stefan Batory Foundation.

For their part, Polish bishops said in a statement that the Warsaw sex education program would undermine democracy by limiting parental rights and eroding free speech, as children would be instructed in ways at odds with Polish tradition.

PiS has used its electoral mandate to strengthen Catholic values, vowing to “lift Poland from its knees” in its fight against the alleged imposition by countries like Germany and France of a more secular, liberal way of life.

“We don’t want families to be replaced by a new social structure. We don’t want the state, specialists or experts to be the only ones to decide on how we raise our children,” said Zdzislaw Krasnodebski, a PiS ally in the European Parliament.

Polish schools do not currently offer formal sex education, instead teaching students how to prepare for “family life”.

Poland ranks second to last out of 28 European Union states when it comes to equality and non-discrimination, according to Rainbow Europe, an organization linked to the International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association.

Gay marriage is illegal in Poland and homosexual partnerships are not legally recognized.

PiS has long focused on bolstering the traditional family unit, comprised of a mother, father and children through social spending programs such as “500+”, which awards 500 zlotys ($131) a month per child to families with more than one child.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Unione Europea

Polonia. Il voto giovanile è conservatore.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-19.

Varsavia 001

In autunno la Polonia terrà le elezioni politiche. I recenti sondaggi della propensione al voto assegnerebbero al PiS il 39.7% ed a Piattaforma Democratica  il 28.2%. Il Wiosna, un partito liberal, prenderebbe l’8.6%, mentre il Kukiz 15 varrebbe il 7.4%. Partito Socialista (pps) e verdi (pz) sono riscontrabili in tracce.

Quando però i sondaggi stratificano il comportamento giovanile, si assiste ad un sostanziale spostamento dei giovani verso la sponda conservatrice.

«Young people in Poland disproportionately vote for right-wing parties»

*

«This shift is not just a temporary trend — the country’s increasingly patriotic youth are longing for more conservative values»

*

«Young people were marching through Warsaw, wrapped in red and white flags, singing the national anthem»

*

«They were lured into the streets by patriotism. They represent conservative values and vote for right-wing parties.»

*

«In Poland, the young generation’s shift to the right is neither a temporary trend nor an expression of protest»

*

«Young Poles long for post-material values such as the church, tradition and security.»

*

«This shift made its mark for the first time in the 2015 parliamentary elections. Two-thirds of voters between 18 and 29 supported parties to the right of center»

*

«The regional elections in October confirmed this pattern. Again, PiS won the most votes in this age group and Kukiz’15 was also able to count on their continuing support»

*

«They trust authorities, are dreaming of marriage, and are proud to be Polish citizens»

* * * * * * * *

La devoluzione dell’ideologia liberal e di quella socialista sta procedendo implacabile in tutto il mondo, ed in questo la Polonia ne è stata antesignana.

Poche volte vocabolo fu meglio utilizzato: l’antesignano era il soldato romano schierato in prima linea, davanti alle insegne della legione.  E la devoluzione in oggetto ha un ché di militare, dalla grandiosità delle forze mobilitate fino all’asprezza della lotta, che da confronto politico i liberal han fatto diventare questione di vita o di morte.

I liberal stanno perdendo perché hanno fatto una lunga serie di errori pacchiani.

Che loro piaccia o meno, i giovani si riconoscono nel retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale del proprio paese. Ossia nell’esatto opposto di ciò che essi propugnano.

Si valuti molto bene questa frase:

«They trust authorities, are dreaming of marriage, and are proud to be Polish citizens»

Ci si pensi bene e si cerchi di andare all’essenza: l’ideologia liberal si sta disgregando perché ha cercato di imporre la sua visione etica e morale.

Togliere alle donne il “sogno del matrimonio” equivale a snaturarle ad esseri meramente economici: invece di valorizzarle le umilia ad essere oggetti. La natura degli esseri umani non ammette filautia come movente di felicità.


Deutsche Welle. 2019-02-10. Poland’s young voters turning to the right

Young people in Poland disproportionately vote for right-wing parties. This shift is not just a temporary trend — the country’s increasingly patriotic youth are longing for more conservative values.

*

It was an unusual sight when Poland celebrated 100 years of independence in November: Young people were marching through Warsaw, wrapped in red and white flags, singing the national anthem. They were lured into the streets by patriotism. They represent conservative values and vote for right-wing parties.

In Poland, the young generation’s shift to the right is neither a temporary trend nor an expression of protest. It represents a new self-image that has grown with the politics of recent years. Young Poles long for post-material values such as the church, tradition and security.

Think conservatively, vote right-wing

This shift made its mark for the first time in the 2015 parliamentary elections. Two-thirds of voters between 18 and 29 supported parties to the right of center. The national-conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party, which today governs Poland, received 27 percent of their votes. A further 21 percent went to the new right-wing populist movement Kukiz’15. The regional elections in October confirmed this pattern. Again, PiS won the most votes in this age group and Kukiz’15 was also able to count on their continuing support.

“In the past three years, young Poles have turned even more towards conservative values,” said social psychologist Marta Majchrzak, who co-authored a study published in November by the commercial research institute IQS in which scientists interviewed childless Poles between the ages of 16 and 29. “They trust authorities, are dreaming of marriage, and are proud to be Polish citizens,” she explained.

The study classified only 9 percent of respondents as “cosmopolitan” and “open to being different.”

No memory of socialism

The younger generation’s conservative attitude can be explained by the economic reforms that followed the fall of the Soviet Union. Poles under 30 have no memory of life in a socialist system. They grew up at a time when their parents started their own shops and businesses. What mattered most was economic success. The West was the ideal. Parents promised children that their new Poland would soon become an equal member of the European Union. They predicted that Poland would develop until it was equal to its neighbor Germany.

But the promises were initially followed by disappointment. Under the liberal PO party, which ruled the country from 2007 to 2015, the economy grew, but not the younger generation’s economic security. Youth unemployment peaked at more than 27 percent in 2013. Young Poles ended up on temporary contracts and their wages were lower than they had hoped. In 2007 they helped the PO win the elections one last time, but punished the party in the following years by voting for the national conservatives, who promised them a social policy.

‘This generation is by no means right-wing radical’

The young generation wants a regulated economic system precisely because the economic situation has improved in recent years. “Young Poles compare Poland’s secure situation with the disorder in the world,” said Majchrzak. According to the IQS study, Poland’s youth view their country as a safe exclave that protects them from the world’s uncertainties. Three out of four respondents said they were against accepting refugees. Almost one-third said they would give up personal freedoms for more law and order.

However, this does not mean that young Poles are moving away from democratic values. “This generation is by no means right-wing radical. Young Poles are apolitical, which is why votes for the more radical parties carry more weight,” said sociologist Henryk Domanski, who serves as director of the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology at the Polish Academy of Sciences. This also became apparent during the regional elections last autumn: A heated battle for votes took place between PO and PiS. The election campaign saw the largest voter turnout since 1990 at around 51 percent. But amongst 18 to 29-year-olds, only 37 percent voted.

“A right-wing party like Kukiz’15 can only temporarily benefit from the young generation’s conservatism,” said Domanski, noting that anti-establishment parties such as Ruch Palikota and Samoobrona won over the younger generation a few years ago, but have since lost their political significance. Domanski is convinced that young Poles will remain loyal to the conservative PiS in next year’s elections. And even beyond that, the under-30s will likely remain conservative: These days many children in Poland are growing up with parents who emigrated to Western Europe in search of better economic circumstances. These so-called Euro-orphans are growing up with their fathers or mothers away from home for months. They too, will be longing for tradition and security.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

EU. Presidenza rumena, Polonia ed Ungheria. Appetiziren del futuro.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-19.

Escher__Il_Cubo_

L’Unione Europea sta vivendo gli ultimi mesi del paludoso crepuscolo che sta calando sulla Commissione Europea uscente.

Spezzato l’asse francogermanico, Mr Macron ha i suoi problemi con i Gilets Jaunes e Frau Merkel conta e riconta i voti persi, con gli identitari sovranisti che si apprestano a conquistarsi un buon posizionamento nel prossimo parlamento europeo e con le incombenti elezioni politiche in sette stati dell’Unione, l’attuale eurodirigenza sta vedendo sgretolarsi tutta la sua costruzione.

Non solo: hanno una paura becca che in futuro saranno trattati per come hanno trattato, ma gli Elettori hanno loro voltato le spalle. Hanno ancora certamente molto potere, ma le crepe sono più che evidenti.

L’articolo allegato, che fa parte integrante di questo testo, è un condensato di queste paure.

Una sola nota prima di proseguire.

È scritto in politicamente corretto. Il termine ‘rule of law’ significa il potere dei dettami ideologici liberal e socialisti, mentre il termine ‘democray’ indica il governo di tali ideologie, essenso chiunque la pensasse differentemente un ‘illiberal’.

«Troubles with Hungary and Poland will be back on the agenda of EU affairs ministers next Tuesday (19 February) – but procedures looking into their dismantling of the rule of law and the erosion of democracy in the two countries will not move forward»

*

«Member states and the Romanian presidency of the EU have already been criticised for the lack of progress on Hungary last month.»

*

«No concrete outcome or a clear timeline for steps ahead is expected from the talks on Tuesday, either»

*

«It is the fourth time the situation in Hungary is discussed among EU affairs ministers, but the procedure has been bogged down by procedural issues»

*

«Under the previous Austrian presidency, ministers heard from EU commission vice-president Frans Timmermans laying out ongoing commission probes and court cases against Hungary on violating rights of asylum seekers, targeting and intimidating NGOs and amending a higher education law that eventually forced the Central European University in Budapest to decide to relocate to Vienna»

*

«But the procedure is stuck there party due to institutional jealousy between the parliament and the council of EU countries.»

*

«Several diplomats have said it is unclear to them how the Romanian presidency wants to handle the case of Hungary, while the Romanian presidency wants member states to give a clear direction on how to proceed»

*

«Around 18-19 member states want to keep Hungary on the agenda, but there is no consensus on how to approach the issue or when»

*

«Hungary’s government rejected the report, saying that Freedom House was part of the “empire” of George Soros, the Hungarian-born billionaire investor and philanthropist. Hungary’s government has also been labelling Timmermans as a ‘Soros stooge’»

* * * * * * * *

A maggio si vota: cambierà la composizione dell’europarlamento e sarà nominata una nuova Commissione Europea.

Verosimilmente, sarà alquanto difficile che la nuova dirigenza segua le orme della vecchia.


Eu Observer. 2019-02-15. Sluggish procedure against Hungary back on table

Troubles with Hungary and Poland will be back on the agenda of EU affairs ministers next Tuesday (19 February) – but procedures looking into their dismantling of the rule of law and the erosion of democracy in the two countries will not move forward.

Member states and the Romanian presidency of the EU have already been criticised for the lack of progress on Hungary last month.

No concrete outcome or a clear timeline for steps ahead is expected from the talks on Tuesday, either.

The EU commission launched the so-called Article 7 procedure against Poland in December 2017. The European Parliament triggered the same procedure against Hungary last September.

Under the procedure, ministers have to assess whether Hungary and Poland are breaching fundamental values laid down in the EU treaty and could address recommendations to the governments on how to remedy the situation.

It is the fourth time the situation in Hungary is discussed among EU affairs ministers, but the procedure has been bogged down by procedural issues.

Bogged-down in institutional jealousy

Under the previous Austrian presidency, ministers heard from EU commission vice-president Frans Timmermans laying out ongoing commission probes and court cases against Hungary on violating rights of asylum seekers, targeting and intimidating NGOs and amending a higher education law that eventually forced the Central European University in Budapest to decide to relocate to Vienna.

Hungary submitted over a hundred pages of written responses on the issues.

But the procedure is stuck there party due to institutional jealousy between the parliament and the council of EU countries.

The European parliament wants to participate in the process, as it was a parliament report by Dutch MEP Judith Sarghentini that triggered the procedure.

EP president Antonio Tajani sent a letter to the Austrian presidency last year to lobby for the parliament’s participation.

The Romanian presidency plans to discuss the issue with the head of the civil liberties committee of the parliament.

However, member states are wary of allowing the parliament or an MEP into their meetings, as they fear it would create a dangerous precedent for continued parliament interference in their work.

“We give a finger and the parliament takes an arm,” one EU diplomat quipped.

Romanian blackhole?

Several diplomats have said it is unclear to them how the Romanian presidency wants to handle the case of Hungary, while the Romanian presidency wants member states to give a clear direction on how to proceed.

Meanwhile, Romania’s government had its own share of EU criticism on rule of law.

Around 18-19 member states want to keep Hungary on the agenda, but there is no consensus on how to approach the issue or when.

Because Hungary’s Article 7 probe is complicated furthermore with an ongoing case at the EU’s top court.

Technical quibbles

Hungary’s government has challenged the way the parliament voted on Sarghetini’s report last September, arguing that excluding the abstentions when calculating the two-thirds majority needed for Article 7 to be triggered was against the rules.

Sarghenitni’s report was approved by 448 votes to 197, with 48 abstentions.

Some member states are reluctant to move ahead with the procedure before the Luxembourg-based European Court of Justice rules on the legality of the parliament vote.

But that ruling is not expected to happen this year, and judges are not expected to hear the case before the summer break, pushing the Article 7 procedure even further into the distant future.

Meanwhile, Hungary has become the first EU country to be designated as only “partly free” in an annual barometer of democratic freedoms by the Freedom House, a Washington-based think-tank earlier this month.

The erosion of democracy under prime minister Viktor Orban constitutes “the most dramatic decline ever charted” in the EU, the report said, while all other 27 EU members maintained their “free” label.

Hungary’s government rejected the report, saying that Freedom House was part of the “empire” of George Soros, the Hungarian-born billionaire investor and philanthropist. Hungary’s government has also been labelling Timmermans as a ‘Soros stooge’.

Poland push

Poland in the meantime wants to convince fellow member states to close the Article 7 procedure as the Warsaw government has amended crucial legislation criticised by the EU

Timmermans will make the argument to EU affairs ministers that more needs to be done. “There is no real willingness [among member states] at this moment to drop Article 7,” said an EU source.

Member states would need to decide if they want to keep the pressure up on Poland and vote on if they believed Poland was violating EU values and propose recommendations. But that is unlikely to happen on Tuesday.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Polonia. Piattaforma Civica sarebbe stata in grado di formare una coalizione.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-11.

2019-02-11__Polonia

La Polonia dovrebbe andare alle urne per le elezioni politiche nel novembre di questo anno. Usiamo il condizionale perché la data non è ancora stata fissata.

Il sito Poll of Polls riporta i risultati delle propensioni al voto riportati nella grafica. Sono valori medi ponderati su tutte le rilevazioni.

Il PiS guiderebbe con il 39.7%, essendo Piattaforma Civica il secondo partito con il 28.2%.

*

Eu Observer ha tuttavia pubblicato un suo sondaggio che riporterebbe alcuni fatti nuovi.

Polish ruling party trails in EU election poll

«Centrist parties are on track to get the most MEPs in Poland in May, according to a survey by the country’s Institute of Public Affairs. The so-called European Coalition, led by the centre-right Civic Platform party, polled 42 percent, ahead of the ruling right-wing Law and Justice Party on 37.5 percent. A new liberal party, called Spring, led by openly gay Polish politician Robert Biedron polled 8.5 percent.»

*

Non desta meraviglia che il nuovo partito Spring si collochi all’8.5%.

Si resta invece alquanto perplessi, e comunque in attesa di avere conferme, sul fatto che Piattaforma Civica sia riuscita ad organizzare una coalizione, che sembrerebbe poter riportare il 42% dei voti.

Se il fatto corrispondesse al vero, da molti punti di vista potrebbe essere cosa buona per la Polonia, che negli anni recenti ha vissuto periodi di severa litigiosità tra i vari partiti politici.

Resta tutto da appurare se questa colazione sia un mero cartello elettorale per le elezioni europee, oppure possa essere vista come un primo passo alla formazione di una compagine che competa per il governo della nazione.


Nota.

Pubblichiamo questo articolo comparso su Eu Observer, ma le sue conclusioni sembrerebbero essere poco convincenti.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Salvini in Polonia. Sovranisti sul piede di guerra. A maggio si vota.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-01-09.

scacchi 023

«I nemici dei nostri nemici sono nostri amici»

In un momento di sommovimenti di vasta portata ed in piena devoluzione dell’ideologia liberal socialista, con la quasi totalità dei media indaffarati a spargere fake news nella speranza di poter tirare acqua al proprio mulino, il chaos regna sovrano. Cercare di comprendere cosa stia succedendo è difficile.

Si deve anche dare una ragion d’essere ai dieci Patrioti morti in Francia nel corso della rivolta contro Mr Macron ed al deputato di AfD massacrato a bastonate a Brema.

*

Per comprendere le cose nuove occorrerebbe però pensare nel nuovo. Premettiamo quindi un breve preambolo.

Treccani ci aiuta a definire alcuni termini spesso usati in modo un po’ naif.

Postulato, proposizione che, senza essere evidente né dimostrata, si assume – o si richiede all’interlocutore di assumere – come fondamento di una dimostrazione o di una teoria (in generale, di un sistema deduttivo).

Assioma, verità o principio che si ammette senza discussione, evidente di per sé. In filosofia, principio certo per immediata evidenza e costituente la base per l’ulteriore ricerca.

Definizione, determinazione del significato di una parola o comunque di una espressione verbale mediante una frase (il più possibile concisa, e comunque completa) costituita da termini il cui significato si presume sia già noto.

Enunciato, è una proposizione della quale abbia senso dire che sia vera oppure falsa.

Opinione, concetto che una o più persone si formano riguardo a particolari fatti, fenomeni, manifestazioni, quando, mancando un criterio di certezza assoluta per giudicare della loro natura (o delle loro cause, delle loro qualità, ecc.), si propone un’interpretazione personale che si ritiene esatta e a cui si dà perciò il proprio assenso, ammettendo tuttavia la possibilità di ingannarsi nel giudicarla tale.

Indicativo, modo del verbo italiano, e di altri sistemi verbali, il quale serve in genere a esprimere oggettivamente la semplice enunciazione o constatazione di un fatto.

Congiuntivo, modo del verbo italiano, e di altri sistemi verbali, il quale indica normalmente un’azione o uno stato in quanto pensati (desiderati, temuti, ipotizzati, calcolati) da qualcuno.

*

Postulati ed assiomi formano la base sulla quale poter esprimere degli enunciati.

Consideriamo questo esempio, da prendersi con buon senso, ma anche con attenzione.

Una bottiglia da litro contiene 500 millilitri ed è posta su di un tavolo attorno al quale sono sedute due persone.

La prima enuncia che la bottiglia è mezza piena e la seconda enuncia invece che è mezza vuota.

Salta immediatamente agli occhi come codesti enunciati siano monchi ma vadano ben oltre la semplice bottiglia. Se li si prendesse per buoni, derubricando gli enunciati ad opinioni, si perderebbe gran parte del messaggio esposto e resterebbe oscuro il modulo ragionativo.

Ambedue hanno in testa un altro concetto. Il primo assume che si stia riempiendo la bottiglia, e che quindi essa sarebbe già mezza piena; la seconda invece assume che si stia svuotando la bottiglia, e quindi essa sarebbe mezza vuota. Ad ambedue le persone non interessa in realtà la determinazione oggettiva del livello del liquido nella bottiglia: interessa invece l’azione che la sottende, anche se non sanno o non vogliono chiarire le proprie posizioni.

In linea generale però possiamo ammettere che dietro ad ogni enunciato vi siano postulati ed assiomi dati per impliciti, per scontati, ma che potrebbe proprio non essere tali per tutti. Rendersi conto di questa realtà è la differenza tra le persone intelligenti e libere e quelle schiave dell’ideologia preconcetta.

* * * * * * *

Anche se sarebbe interessante procedere, ci si obblighi a fermarsi a questo punto ed iniziamo a parlare dei sovranisti.

Tentiamo adesso di dare una definizione di cosa debba intendersi per sovranista, o, meglio, identitari.

– apprezzamento e tutela del proprio retaggio religioso, storico, culturale, sociale ed artistico.

– costruire il futuro sulla base delle proprie tradizioni.

– custodire con gelosa cura la sovranità propria e nazionale, da cui discende la centralità della persona umana che si esprime massimamente esercitando la propria libertà.

*

I sovranisti sono persone e movimenti propositivi: non si caratterizzano per nulla dall’essere contro qualcuno o qualcosa. Oppugnano la propria Weltanschauung a quella altrui: Weltanschauung vissuta ed elaborata criticamente, sicuramente non in maniera apodittica, ideologica.

I sovranisti, nel caso specifico, non condividono l’ideologia liberal e socialista e considerano ‘minima‘ quella struttura statale che ottimizza i rapporti prestazioni costi in quel particolare popolo, territorio e momento storico.

Per definizione, i sovranisti aggraderanno solo e soltanto sui grandi temi, mentre avranno idee anche opposte su temi contingenti.

*

Per quanto concerne l’Unione Europea, i sovranisti non hanno per obiettivo l’annientamento dell’ideologia liberal socialista e della gerarchia che la propugna. Questa è una battaglia necessaria, che deve essere condotta fino alla fine senza esitazione alcuna, ma è il mezzo per poter improntare poi l’Unione Europea su base economica e confederale.

Alla luce di quanto detto, dovrebbe apparire evidente come un eventuale Gruppo nel parlamento europeo potrà essere coagulato soltanto attorno ai principi di base, non sugli obiettivi contingenti.

In un gruppo di persone libere, essere ritengono la propria libertà: è la loro caratteristica, che scandalizza solo chi sia ideologizzato.

Così, è logico che la Polonia guardi con sospetto la Russia e la Germania, e fa più che bene, mentre l’Italia si Salvini veda nella Russia attuale un potenziale partner. Oppure, che Ungheria e Repubblica Ceka si oppongano ad ogni possibile forma di migrazione secondaria, mentre Salvini la veda solo ed unicamente se politica condivisa.

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L’obiettivo di queste prossime elezioni europee non è la vittoria della maggioranza dei seggi, fatto questo al momento irrealizzabile.

L’obiettivo strategico è la destabilizzazione dell’europarlamento.

Si valuti bene la portata di questo scopo.

Si pensi a quanto abbiano ottenuto Pegida prima ed AfD dopo in Germania nell’incapsulare Frau Merkel, oppure al risultato politico ottenuto dai Gilets Jaunes in Francia nel demolire la figura di Mr Macron.

Permettete una ultima considerazione.

I gruppi parlamentari altamente coesi sono spesso espressione più del gregge belante all’unisono che raggruppamento di persone intellettualmente libere.

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Salvini da Kaczyński: al via il «progetto» sovranista in Ue [Sole 24 Ore]

«Saldare l’alleanza con il Pis, il partito di maggioranza in Polonia di Jaroslaw Aleksander Kaczyński, per allargare il fronte sovranista in vista delle europee. Questo l’obiettivo principale della visita che ha portato a Varsavia Matteo Salvini, che stamane vedrà prima il suo omologo polacco, il ministro dell’Interno Joachim Brudziński e poi, dopo un pranzo con gli imprenditori italiani in ambasciata, l’appuntamento clou con Kaczyński. Un incontro preparato da tempo che nell’immediato fotograferà l’idem sentire del vicepremier italiano e del governo polacco sull’immigrazione. Ma che soprattutto servirà ad aprire la strada alla nascita del nuovo gruppo parlamentare al Parlamento di Strasburgo con cui i partiti sovranisti contano di condizionare la politica europea.

La convinzione è che il voto del 26 maggio sancirà la fine dell’alleanza tra il Ppe e i socialisti che verranno sostituiti nel governo dell’Unione, nella Commissione di Bruxelles, dalla destra sovranista. Un’operazione che trova sponde attente anche nel Ppe dove milita un vecchio amico di Salvini, qual è il premier ungherese Viktor Orban. «Stiamo lavorando da alcuni mesi con tutte le forze identitarie per tentare di fare il gruppo più grande possibile per le prossime elezioni europee», ha confermato ieri a Bruxelles il ministro per la Famiglia e vicesegretario federale della Lega, Lorenzo Fontana. «Il nostro obiettivo – ha sottolineato – è quello di avere i numeri per poter incidere e per poter tentare di riformare l’Unione europea, che negli ultimi anni si è dimostrata abbastanza slegata rispetto alle esigenze dei cittadini».»

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Bloomberg. 2019-01-09. Italy Corrals Allies to Fight EU. Just Don’t Mention Putin

Deputy Prime Minister Salvini heads to Poland as part his party’s recruitment drive before European elections. 

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Italy’s nationalist-in-chief is on a recruiting drive for what he calls “the battle of battles.” The first fight will be to unite the troops.

Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini is seeking to forge a Euroskeptic pact ahead of elections to the European Parliament in May and heads to Warsaw on Wednesday for talks with Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of Poland’s governing party. It follows months of Salvini’s emissaries gathering allies across Europe.

But away from the love-in, there are key differences that make any alliance look more superficial than the united front being championed by U.S. President Donald Trump’s former adviser Steve Bannon.

Conflict is sure to emerge when true believers – or those who portray themselves as such – confront the compromises politics demands. There are contrasting views on immigrants, the European Union budget and relations with Vladimir Putin’s Russia, something that Polish newspapers flagged prior to Salvini’s arrival.

The head of the anti-EU League party and the real power behind the Italian government regularly praises the Russian leader. Kaczynski, the eminence grise in Poland, and his loyalists have built a conspiracy around the death of his twin brother, the country’s president at the time. He was killed in an air crash in 2010 on the way back from Russia.

“The problem with uniting populist parties is that they have national agendas which conflict with each other,” said Guntram Wolff, director of the Brussels-based Bruegel think-tank. “Poland is very suspicious of Putin, and Kaczynski is almost paranoid about him.”

Salvini is portraying the European elections as a showdown between the forces he represents and the liberal establishment led by Emmanuel Macron. The French president called nationalism a “betrayal” at November’s World War I armistice commemorations in France, the same weekend that Poland’s leadership was marching through Warsaw with far-right groups.

The European Parliament will have a key role in approving the new European Commission, the EU’s executive, meaning that the contest has the potential to determine the future direction of the continent’s integration project.

Macron’s vision, backed by Germany, is for closer allegiance on such things as defense and national finances. Salvini, Kaczynski, Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban Orban and their allies want more, not less, sovereignty over their countries’ affairs. Orban, the standard-bearer for Europe’s populist forces, branded Macron the leader of a “pro-migration” camp.

Salvini, 45, is seeking an alliance with Kaczynski, 69, and a common campaign program, with the aim of forging the second-biggest group in the parliament after the European People’s Party, or EPP, according to a League government member. The person declined to be named when discussing strategy. 

Across the EU, League officials have been in similar talks with leaders of far-right groups including France’s Marine Le Pen, Germany’s Alice Weidel of the AfD party, Sweden Democrats chief Jimmie Akesson and Geert Wilders in the Netherlands, the official said. Orban and his Fidesz Party belong to the EPP group and have clashed with some other members.

In his New Year message on Facebook, Salvini sounded gung-ho last week, proclaiming the European vote “the battle of battles, one of those that happen every hundred years in history.”

In Warsaw, the governing Law & Justice party is ready to listen. “It is too early to talk about coalitions, although we’re not closing any doors,” Zdzislaw Krasnodebski, vice president of the European Parliament for the party, told Polsat News television on Jan. 4. “There is a great need for reforming the EU and changing the balance of power.”

How that might happen, though, is where the differences lie.

Italy wants the EU to enforce quotas for taking in migrants to relieve pressure on the country. East European nations like Poland and Hungary vehemently oppose taking in anyone, with Kaczynski vowing to protect his Catholic country against Muslims and Orban building a metal fence along the border.

Then there’s money. Salvini says Italy should be a net beneficiary of EU funds rather than a net contributor. Poland, the biggest net recipient of European aid, is desperate to keep the status quo and face down threats from France and Germany that money could be tied to upholding the EU’s democratic values.

“Rightist groups in the European Parliament haven’t managed to work well together,” said Charles Grant, director of the Center for European Reform. “They’re against globalization and free trade. But they’re divided on immigration with parties in western Europe favoring resettlement quotas, and eastern Europeans against them.”

QuicktakePoland’s Battles With the EU

That said, there’s much to unite them in their campaign against the European mainstream. Salvini, who as interior minister will also meet his Polish counterpart Joachim Brudzinski, has clashed with the EU in a long standoff over Rome’s spending plans. He’s also made enemies over his refusal to allow ships carrying migrants rescued in the Mediterranean to dock in Italian ports.

Poland is mired in an unprecedented battle over the rule of law in the country following the Warsaw government’s takeover of parts of the independent judiciary. Poor relations with Europe hit Law & Justice’s showing in October local elections, prompting the party to respond with a new slogan: “Poland — the beating heart of Europe.”