Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Segni iniziali di squinternamento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-12.

Capuccini Vincenzo. Giulio Cesare assassinato in Senato. (1771 - 1844)

Capuccini Vincenzo. Giulio Cesare assassinato in Senato. (1771 – 1844)


«Timeo Danaos et dona ferentis»


Premettiamo che negli oltre dieci anni durante i quali seguiamo la attività politica di Mr Donald Tusk, attuale vertice del Consiglio di Europa, mai siamo stati in grado di corroborare i suoi enunciati e mai siamo riusciti a riscontrarli come veri. Non solo, ma ci risulterebbe che nemmeno una volta abbia fatto quello che aveva annunciato avrebbe fatto. Le sue parole suadenti più che renderci sospettosi ci renderebbero certi di un funesto ordito.

Riportiamo quindi virgolettati i suoi interventi.


Nota lessicologica.

Nel linguaggio dei media schierati politicamente a favore dei democratici americani e dei socialisti ideologici europei il termine ‘illiberal‘ significa che si oppone alla ideologia liberal e socialista.

* * * * * * * * * * *

«EU Council head Donald Tusk has said obligatory migrant quotas “have no future” amid efforts to mend fences with eastern European states»

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«I don’t see any special future for this project, but it’s important to find an understanding that does not separate Poland and other Visegrad group countries from the rest of Europe»

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«This completely unnecessary conflict between member states must end»

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«The Visegrad group – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland – have refused to take in asylum seekers»

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«French proposals to limit the freedom of eastern European workers to earn a living in richer EU states»

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«complaints that counties such as Austria, Germany, Denmark, and Sweden planned to prolong identity checks on internal EU borders»

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«Il presidente Tusk ammette l’inefficacia del piano di redistribuzione. Ai leader in settimana proporrà che siano gli Stati a gestire le crisi»

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«La questione delle quote obbligatorie (di rifugiati, ndr) si è dimostrata altamente divisiva e questo tipo di approccio si è rivelato inefficace»

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«Giovedì sera Donald Tusk getterà la spugna della riforma di Dublino sul tavolo dei capi di Stato e di governo Ue»

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«La cena, dedicata alla questione immigrazione, servirà per fare un bagno di realtà e mettere da parte gli obiettivi irraggiungibili»

* * *

«Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of Poland’s ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS), is playing a sly game with the European Union, the party faithful and his political opponents. The idea is to keep consolidating control over the country while reducing tensions with Brussels and the major powers in Western Europe»

*

«Duda’s “compromise” version of the legislation — approved by the parliament on Friday — still established effective government control over the top court. It forces 40 percent of today’s judges to resign and establishes a procedure whereby the parliament will appoint replacements. A second bill takes away control of a body that appoints lower court judges from the judicial community and hands it over to parliament.»

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«Though European outrage about the court reform is inevitable, presentability and good negotiating skills go a long way in Western European capitals»

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«It might just work as Europe inevitably tries to come to terms with illiberal parties in government in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.»

* * * * * * * * * * *

Queste erano le belle parole, e questi a seguito sono i fatti.

Polonia. La Camera bassa approva la riforma della giustizia.

Unione Europea. Juncker porta in giudizio il Visegrad.

A nostro sommesso parere, Mr Mateusz Morawiecki dovrebbe indossare una robusta cotta di acciaio quando dovesse incontrare Mr Donald Tusk. E dovrebbe fare anche molta attenzione a salire sugli aerei.




EU Observer. 2017-10-19. Tusk: EU migrant quotas have ‘no future’

EU Council head Donald Tusk has said obligatory migrant quotas “have no future” amid efforts to mend fences with eastern European states.

“I don’t see any special future for this project, but it’s important to find an understanding that does not separate Poland and other Visegrad group countries from the rest of Europe,” Tusk, a former Polish prime minister, told the Polish press agency, Pap, in the margins of a meeting on social affairs in Brussels on Wednesday (18 October).

“This completely unnecessary conflict between member states must end,” he added.

The Visegrad group – the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland – have refused to take in asylum seekers from Greece and Italy despite an EU vote do so.

The quota scheme formally ended in September, but some countries have continued to take people, with 234 mostly Syrian refugees flying from Athens to Lyon, France, on Wednesday.

EU leaders will discuss reform of the bloc’s asylum laws at a summit in Brussels on Thursday.

The current regime puts the whole burden of the migration crisis on frontline states, amid talk of potential cuts in EU funding and the prospect of European Commission fines against countries that refuse to show solidarity.

Tusk said Poland had to decide whether to “jointly solve the problems related to migration, which means securing borders, but also helping those countries who have too many refugees” or to opt for a “firm break from European solidarity”.

He said he sympathised with some of Poland’s “arguments”, but he added that there would be “certain consequences” if they continued to violate EU decisions.

“Those are the rules in Europe,” he said.

Poland’s EU affairs minister, Konrad Szymanski, seized on Tusk’s words on Wednesday evening, saying the migrant quotas “were never alive in the first place”.

“The system of relocating refugees has not helped anyone, not a single group of refugees, nor any of those countries who still face an unequal burden today,” he said.

Juncker dinner

Szymanski spoke after a dinner held by Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker with the Visegrad leaders in Brussels the same day.

He said Szydlo had listed a series of concerns that included migration, energy security, and French proposals to limit the freedom of eastern European workers to earn a living in richer EU states.

He said the Commission had “full support from Poland” in its bid to negotiate the terms of a future Russian-German gas pipeline, Nord Stream 2.

He also said Juncker’s mini-summit “opened the path to exit from the many political and economic tensions between the countries from our part of Europe and other parts of the EU”.

There was no press conference after the dinner, but Juncker tweeted that there was: “On the menu: consensus through #compromise and #cooperation. #unity”.

Radovan Javorcik, the Slovak ambassador to the EU, said the meeting also discussed future EU budget allocations for eastern Europe and complaints that counties such as Austria, Germany, Denmark, and Sweden planned to prolong identity checks on internal EU borders.

“It is better sometimes to clarify some things in smaller formats, and then it can be translated into a more concrete discussion within the European Council,” he said.

Ales Chmelar, the Czech secretary of state, said the EU needed to “communicate more in some things” and that Juncker would hold more such events in future.

Africa, Brexit

Speaking at a press conference following the social affairs meting on Wednesday, Tusk also praised Italy for having reduced the number of migrants crossing the Mediterranean from Libya.

He said EU leaders should agree to pour more money into an Africa fund that tied aid to reducing the number of people coming to Europe.

“The Commission should make sure the money is well targeted to stemming irregular migration,” he said.

Thursday’s summit will also tackle Brexit talks.

Tusk said he would propose to EU leaders that they started “preparatory work” for talks with the UK on its post-Brexit transition deal and on future EU trade relations.

But he said the UK had not been detailed enough in its proposals on citizens’ rights, the Irish border, and on its EU exit bill to start phase two of the negotiations right away.

“There is clearly not the sufficient progress we had hoped for,” he said.


La Stampa. 2017-12-09. La Ue getta la spugna sui rifugiati: “Un flop le quote obbligatorie”

Il presidente Tusk ammette l’inefficacia del piano di redistribuzione. Ai leader in settimana proporrà che siano gli Stati a gestire le crisi.

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«La questione delle quote obbligatorie (di rifugiati, ndr) si è dimostrata altamente divisiva e questo tipo di approccio si è rivelato inefficace». Giovedì sera Donald Tusk getterà la spugna della riforma di Dublino sul tavolo dei capi di Stato e di governo Ue. La cena, dedicata alla questione immigrazione, servirà per fare un bagno di realtà e mettere da parte gli obiettivi irraggiungibili. L’impostazione del presidente del Consiglio europeo è scritta nero (e blu) su bianco nella lettera. 


Bloomberg. 2017-12-09. Polish Nationalism Gets a European Makeover

The new prime minister offers illiberalism with a worldly touch. It just might work.

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Jaroslaw Kaczynski, leader of Poland’s ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS), is playing a sly game with the European Union, the party faithful and his political opponents. The idea is to keep consolidating control over the country while reducing tensions with Brussels and the major powers in Western Europe.

The latest attempt at this high-wire act began on Thursday night, when Prime Minister Beata Szydlo and her deputy Mateusz Morawiecki switched jobs. On Friday, the Polish parliament passed legislation that effectively puts the Supreme Court under political control.

If the government reshuffle was an attempt to distract attention from the contentious court bill, as some commentators suspected, it didn’t really work. The web page of Poland’s top daily, Gazeta Wyborcza, focused on criticism of the court overhaul, mostly ignoring the cabinet moves. But Kaczynski is a strategist, not a primitive tactician. In terms of his long term goal of bringing illiberal policies into the European mainstream, this was a fruitful few days.

In September, the Polish opposition raised hell about the previous attempt to kick out most of the Supreme Court judges and install a legal mechanism handing control over new court appointments to the parliamentary majority. PiS-backed President Andrzej Duda vetoed the offending legislation and promised to submit a new version. This was interpreted as a split between the president and the ruling party leader, who played up this interpretation by complaining Duda was hard to work with. But the conflict soon turned out to be a bait-and switch operation: Duda’s “compromise” version of the legislation — approved by the parliament on Friday — still established effective government control over the top court. It forces 40 percent of today’s judges to resign and establishes a procedure whereby the parliament will appoint replacements. A second bill takes away control of a body that appoints lower court judges from the judicial community and hands it over to parliament.

The EU has been paying close attention to the Polish judicial reform. European Council President Donald Tusk, Poland’s former prime minister and a Kaczynski foe, has channeled the Polish opposition’s outrage to colleagues in the Brussels hierarchy. The European Commission, backed in this by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, has issued multiple warnings to the Polish government to stop undermining the rule of law. Given Poland’s other fights with the EU — on issues as varied as Muslim refugees and illegal logging — the adoption of the court bills is likely to entail an angry reaction. Consequences could include the loss of agricultural subsidies, of which Poland is a major recipient, and even the suspension of the country’s EU vote.

That’s not what Kaczynski wants, hence Morawiecki’s ascension.

Szydlo, beloved of PiS activists, was the surly face of Polish nationalism. In Europe, the perpetually frowning prime minister was best known for her angry diatribes (in Polish) in response to Brussels’ “interference.” Morawiecki, by contrast, is a fluent English and German speaker who studied in Germany and the U.S., interned at the Bundesbank, and built a successful career as a banker. He’s the worldly, refined son of a prominent anti-Communist activist, even serving as an economic adviser to Tusk when the latter was prime minister. The PiS rank and file mistrust him for that, and yet Morawiecki arguably did more than anyone else to make the PiS administration a relative success. 

As finance and economy minister, he has been responsible for implementing the party’s social spending initiatives and boosting government investment — and he’s also boosted tax collection to ensure Poland had the funds to keep populist promises without major economic damage. The balancing act has worked nicely so far: Economic growth has accelerated, the budget deficit has shrunk. Prominent government opponents say it cannot last, but the jury is still out on that. 

Morawiecki is a PiS star — and when he explains the party’s policies to Western audiences, he gets respectful nods, even when he says Kaczynski’s court reforms are necessary to weed out old Communists from the court system, not to hand the ruling party control over the judiciary. He’s one of the very few members of the PiS who can actually talk to Tusk, and through him to the EU elite.

Polish media have reported that Kaczynski considered taking over the prime minister’s post himself. Instead, he chose Morawiecki as someone better able to promote the normalization of the PiS government. 

Though European outrage about the court reform is inevitable, presentability and good negotiating skills go a long way in Western European capitals. Morawiecki’s appointment is not exactly a sign that Kaczynski is willing to compromise on domestic policy; rather, he’s willing to have a reasonable conversation about it and see where it leads. It might just work as Europe inevitably tries to come to terms with illiberal parties in government in Austria, the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia, Unione Europea

Polonia. La Camera bassa approva la riforma della giustizia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-10.

Polonia. Varsavia. Corte di Giustizia. 001

«Lower house passes bill making changes to Supreme Court»

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«The bills’ approval comes a day after the ruling Law & Justice party named Western-educated banker Mateusz Morawiecki to become prime minister»

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«Poland took a major step toward overhauling its courts, a move the European Union says undermines the country’s democratic order and one that overshadows a leadership change aimed at rebooting relations with Brussels»

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«The lower house approved legislation on Friday to revamp the Supreme Court by forcing two fifths of the court’s justices into retirement and overhaul a panel that appoints judges»

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«Leaders including French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have suggested that Poland may face economic penalties for the erosion of democracy»

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La Polonia ha subito nel secolo scorso la dittatura prima dei tedeschi di Hitler, quindi dei russi di Stalin e successori fino al collasso del comunismo.

Adesso sta lottando contro la dittatura dell’Unione Europea, che la ha già portata in giudizio davanti alla Alta Corte di Strasburgo, e che vuole imporle la propria Weltanschauung, che chiamano confidenzialmente “democrazia“.

Se i polacchi si sono espressi in modo inequivocabile alle urne conferendo la maggioranza al partito Legge e Giustizia, tra l’altro in quelle elezioni non risultò essere eletto nemmeno un deputato della sinistra, risentono ancora della pregressa dittatura che aveva nominato giudici costituzionali dei liberal di provata fede.

Più che organo giuridico, la Corte Costituzionale polacca è diventata lo strumento politico tramite il quale opera la dirigenza liberal e socialista europea: forma uno stato nello stato e persegue interessi stranieri. Un gruppo di fuoco per il killeraggio degli avversari politici dei liberal.

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Non a caso:

«The cumulative effect of the reforms “puts at serious risk the independence of all parts of the Polish judiciary,” the Venice Commission, a democracy watchdog for the Council of Europe human rights group».

La Commissione di Venezia, dal nome della città in cui si riunisce, è un organo consultivo del Consiglio d’Europa che ufficialmente porta il nome di “Commissione europea per la Democrazia attraverso il Diritto“.

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Ovunque siano andati al potere, liberal e socialisti hanno nominato giudici di strettissima osservanza, colonizzando in questa maniera le corti di giustizia, che hanno quindi utilizzato il proprio ruolo e mansione per condizionare la politica: più che corti di giustizia sarebbe più appropriato denominarle succursale della disciolta Ovra. La politicizzazione liberal e socialista dei giudici costituzionali polacchi grida vendetta a Dio ed agli uomini. Sono polacchi rinnegati.

Bene.

Lo scontro è in atto.

Una sola considerazione.

Frau Merkel, sempre poi che rimanga cancelliera, farebbe bene a guardare il comportamento della magistratura tedesca, che applica la “giustizia” con la buonafede di Robespierre.


Bloomberg. 2017-12-08. Polish Lawmakers Approve Bill to Overhaul Justice System

– Lower house Passes bill making changes to Supreme Court

– Legislative push follows change at the top of government

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Poland took a major step toward overhauling its courts, a move the European Union says undermines the country’s democratic order and one that overshadows a leadership change aimed at rebooting relations with Brussels.

The lower house approved legislation on Friday to revamp the Supreme Court by forcing two fifths of the court’s justices into retirement and overhaul a panel that appoints judges. The votes, which send the bills to the Senate, followed a heated parliamentary debate during which opposition lawmakers chanted “dictatorship, dictatorship” and compared the measures to actions taken by Nazis in the 1930s to cement their grip on power.

The draft laws bring closer to conclusion a months-long battle by the governing Law & Justice party to take control over a system that it says is run by a “self-serving clique of judges.” At the same time, the legislative push — a do-over after an earlier attempt triggered national protests and a presidential veto — ignores warnings from the EU that it may impose sanctions on member states who fail to uphold its values.

The bills’ approval comes a day after the ruling Law & Justice party named Western-educated banker Mateusz Morawiecki to become prime minister. Morawiecki, a finance minister and veteran of international meetings in New York and London, was chosen to sell his party’s vision to Poland’s foreign partners and reassure investors that the collision course with the EU doesn’t endanger their bets on the $470 million economy.

“Any hope for a reset in Poland’s relations with the EU will probably be dashed by the passage of the judiciary reforms,” said James Sawyer, an analyst at the consultancy Eurasia Group.

Morawiecki is a vocal cheerleader for the main source of his party’s clash with the EU, a vision created by the nation’s most powerful politician, Law & Justice leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski. The prime minister designate has defended the court overhaul as addressing a “widespread pathology in the judiciary” and echoed Kaczynski in saying it’s no business of other countries to decide how a nation imposes the rule of law.

The cumulative effect of the reforms “puts at serious risk the independence of all parts of the Polish judiciary,” the Venice Commission, a democracy watchdog for the Council of Europe human rights group, said in a statement on Friday.

‘National Interests’

Morawiecki, the former head of Poland’s third-biggest bank, Bank Zachodni WBK SA, takes over from Beata Szydlo, who stepped aside halfway through the government’s four-year term. She will become a deputy prime minister, the PAP news service said, without citing anyone.

“We won’t improve our relations with the EU at the expense of our national interests but perhaps we should have better communications with Brussels,” Jacek Sasin, a senior ruling party lawmaker, told private Radio Zet on Friday. “Still, it takes two to tango.”

The commission sees it another way. It’s conducting the first-ever probe into whether a member is upholding the bloc’s democratic values. Leaders including French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have suggested that Poland may face economic penalties for the erosion of democracy, including possible curbs to the tens of billions of euros of development aid that have driven the country’s economic growth for more than a decade.

Market Implications

The zloty gained 0.2 percent to 4.2013 per euro as of 5:13 p.m. in Warsaw, extending this year’s advance at 4.8 percent, the best performance among emerging-market currencies following the Czech koruna. Investors said there were few market implications as Morawiecki was a trusted figure.

“The assessment of the economic policy by Morawiecki remains generally positive among foreign investors,” ING Bank Slaski analysts, led by Rafal Benecki, said in a note.

Under Kaczynski, who holds the power behind the government and was decisive in replacing Szydlo, Law & Justice has followed in the footsteps of regional peer Hungary. It’s there that Prime Minister Viktor Orban pledged earlier this decade to transform his country, which is also an EU member, into an “illiberal state” modeled on Russia and Turkey.

As part of that, Morawiecki, 49, has sought to carve out a bigger role for the government in business. This is crucial to his party’s drive to centralize power and steer Poland away from a model based on foreign investment and EU integration that dominated its post-Communist transformation. He has also helped find funding for new welfare spending on families with children, boosting Law & Justice’s support among voters in the country of 38 million people.

He narrowed the budget deficit, an important benchmark for foreign institutional investors who hold 202 billion zloty ($57 billion) of the government’s local-currency bonds. The government didn’t immediately make clear whether he would be replaced or keep the finance portfolio.

“Morawiecki’s modernization agenda may help protect support” of Law & Justice, said Piotr Buras, a political scientist from the European Council on Foreign Relations, a pro-EU think-tank. “But it won’t alter Poland’s institutional course, which is at the center of the conflict with the EU.”

President Andrzej Duda formally nominated Morawiecki as prime minister on Friday and said he hoped the new government can be sworn and win a vote of confidence in parliament next week.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Cina. Sta colonizzando l’Europa dell’Est e l’Unione si strappa i capelli.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-12-04.

2017-12-04__Cina_in_Europa__001

Se fu notevolmente irritante essere presi per matti quando trenta anni or sono si parlava delle potenzialità cinesi, alle quali nessuno all’epoca voleva credere, tornò invece di grande utilità quando dopo una decina di anni la presenza della Cina divenne evidente, ed allora iniziarono a fioccare le consulenze previsionali.

L’occidentale medio, ed anche molti dei suoi politici, continuano a vivere in una crassa ignoranza di cosa sia e rappresenti la Cina, e di come essa agisca: è troppo fuori dai loro schemi mentali. In molti stentano financo a comprendere come essa sia oramai la maggiore potenza mondiale.

Cina. Mandarinato e democrazia. – Handelsblatt

Cina prima potenza economica mondiale. – Bloomberg

Per lo più, serve che accada un qualcosa che richiami fortemente l’attenzione, che obblighi alla constatazione del dato di fatto: senza la percezione del reale resta impossibile poi avere gli elementi corretti sui quali pensarci sopra.

Cina. BeiDou. La via digitale della seta. Il dominio del mondo.

Cina. Inizia a rendere pan per focaccia. Siete avvisati.

Per quanto possa sembrare essere strano, l’Occidente è rimasto più scosso dal fatto che la Cina abbia negato a Mrs Gigi Hadid il visto di ingresso per motivi religiosi che non dalla constatazione di quanto grandiosamente gigantesco sia il progetto Belt and Road.

Cina. Belt & Road. Investimenti in aumento.

Two strategies benefits both China and the world

China’s Belt and Road plan ‘open’ to all nations

The State Council. The People Republic of China. The Belt and Roads Initiative.

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Se tuttavia l’impianto economico del Belt and Roads alla fine risulterebbe essere capibile almeno parzialmente, l’Occidentale medio non riesce minimamente a comprendere quale sia la chiave del successo.

Un ladro ragiona da ladro e parte dal presupposto che tutti rubino: gli resta inconcepibile che possano esistere persone oneste.

La ‘casa’ di Shanghai. Capire cosa sia la Cina di oggi.

«La Cina è la Cina: non rientra nelle categorie mentali occidentali.»

Cina. Consolida il suo impero in Africa.

Cina ed Africa. Una politica di rapporti internazionali paritetici.

«China’s popularity in Africa is strong. Its policy of not linking aid and investments to human rights and good governance has made Beijing many friends on the continent, beyond its authoritarian governments»

Questo è il cuore della questione.

La Cina è benvoluta perché tende ad instaurare rapporti bilaterali paritetici, basati sul pilastro della non ingerenza negli altrui problemi interni.

Gli unici Occidentali che contano e che abbiano capito cosa stia accadendo sembrerebbero essere Mr Donald Trump e la Confindustria tedesca. Questa scrive a chiare lettere:

«Contrary to the beliefs of many people here, the West’s political model is not universally accepted in the rest of the world».

Si potrebbe anche aggiungere che il resto del mondo non accetta il modello occidentale perché inconsistente ed iniquo. A parte il fatto che genera instabilità politica. Si veda cosa sta succedendo nella grande Germania.

Fondamentale la posizione assunta da Mr Macron.

«I believe in the sovereignty of states, and therefore, just as I don’t accept being lectured on how to govern my country, I don’t lecture others».

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L’Occidente, e massimamente l’Unione Europea, avevano sempre condizionato la concessione di aiuti economici alla accettazione della propria Weltanschauung.

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Kenya President Uhuru Kenyatta clashes with President Obama on LGBT equality: ‘Gay rights is really a non-issue’

«President Barack Obama had been warned by African politicians and religious leaders to avoid the issue of gay rights during his trip to the continent, arguing that any pro-LGBT rights stance would be met with disapproval.

Yet the 44th President of the United States has made LGBT rights a strong part of his second term in office after he became the first sitting US president to publicly favour gay marriage in 2012 and then referencing the Stonewall riots in his 2013 inauguration speech.

At a press conference with the Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta, Mr Obama spoke movingly about the cause of gay rights, comparing the plight of homosexuals to the battle against slavery and segregation in the USA. He said he was “painfully aware of the history when people are treated differently under the law. …. However, despite Mr Obama’s stance on the issue, Mr Kenyatta resolutely stuck to his line on the cause of LGBT rights»

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Merkel. Una gran brutta figuraccia in Arabia Saudita.

«German Chancellor Merkel has arrived in the Saudi port city of Jeddah to hold talks with the kingdom’s authorities. Women’s rights are high on her agenda following massive criticism of Riyadh’s UN women’s body role. …. dedicated to the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women. has raised fears that German arms were being misused»

Non ci si stupisca della risposta datale dal Re Saudita:

«We will not cause any more problems for the German government with new requests for weapons».

Gli arabi non hanno voluto diventare femministi, né tanto meno diversamente ed alteramente senzienti (leggasi, checche impenitenti). Il Re saudita proprio non ne volle sapere di dimettersi, far venire al suo posto una femmina, e mettersi a fare il pervertito: più semplicemente ha eliminato Frau Merkel, precedendo così di poco l’elettorato tedesco.

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Orbene, la Germania, o meglio i resti di ciò che fu la Germania dopo il governatorato Merkel, e l’Unione Europea guidata da Mr Juncker e da Mr Tusk vorrebbero imporre la propria Weltanschauung a Polonia ed Ungheria.

Questo genera forti tensioni, anche perché i paesi del Visegrad sono incardinati nella Nato ed hanno scambiato la presenza di militari ed armamenti sul proprio territorio per consistenti aiuti economici.

Aiuti economici che però l’Unione Europea condiziona all’accettazione dei propri desiderata: tutti atei, lgbt, tremebondi ed ossequiosi di fronte alle corti di giustizia liberal europee, cordiali ospiti delle ogn (ngo) di Mr Soros.

* * * * * * *

Ma mentre l’Unione Europea si balocca con cose futili quali le scale valoriali delle fu Frau Merkel, la Cina, e con lei la Russia, hanno varato il progetto Ceec, che si integra alla perfezione con quello Belt and Rod.

Cina. Ceec, un nome da imparare. Dazi ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%.

«The 16+1 format is an initiative by the People’s Republic of China aimed at intensifying and expanding cooperation with 11 EU Member States and 5 Balkan countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia) in the fields of investments, transport, finance, science, education, and culture. In the framework of the initiative, China has defined three potential priority areas for economic cooperation: infrastructure, high technologies, and green technologies.» [Fonte]

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Cooperation between China and Central and Eastern European Countries.

«- Chinese premier pledges to enhance cooperation with Hungary

– Chinese premier announces financing support for 16+1 cooperation

– Chinese Premier’s Upcoming Visit Conducive to Cooperation with CEE, SCO countries»

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Bene. Adesso la Cina non è lontana: adesso confina con la Germania.

Polonia ed Ungheria hanno un interscambio commerciale con la Cina tre volte maggiore che con la Unione Europea.

Al summit di Budapest, il Primo Ministro Li Keqiang ha assistito compassato al pontificale, rendendo onore ai Martiri ungheresi.

L’Unione Europea, ossia la sua fatiscente dirigenza, inizia a comprendere qualcosa.

«Berlin, Brussels and Washington might worry as they watched eastern European states and China hold a major summit this week»

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«Beijing’s influence is the result of the EU’s own discord»

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«Hungary and some of its neighbors, like Serbia, are getting promises of new infrastructure and are set to play a key role in China’s new “One Belt, One Road” initiative, a vast $900-billion infrastructure project stretching all the way from Asia to Europe»

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«Investment is hardly a bad thing, but the political ramifications are providing bigger headaches in other capitals»

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«Berlin and Brussels fear that China’s economic prowess could loosen their own influence, driving a further wedge in an already-strained relationship between some western and eastern EU members»

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«The EU is allowing Beijing to undermine the bloc»

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«There’s a perception that the European Union neglects its eastern member states, which makes officials in such countries all the more grateful for China’s lucrative investment programs»

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«China’s investments in Eastern Europe contain the danger of a deepening division within the EU …. There is not only a danger — the division is already deep»

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«China’s credit-based investment aid not has not only elicited gratitude, but has also created political allies to help the country further expand its influence»

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«Central European leaders such as Czech President Milos Zeman or Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban are open about their admiration for China’s authoritarian governmental system and welcome the fact that — in contrast to decrees from Brussels and Berlin — Beijing does not lecture them on the rule of law, democracy and refugee policy»

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«The European Union should put more effort into driving its own infrastructure projects, such as the West Balkan road and energy networks that were announced as part of the Berlin Process. Countries that seek to join the European Union»

*

«The European Union is too slow, too divided, and has increasingly less money»

*

«An EU alternative?»

* * * * * * *

Sì. Certamente. Il Ceec e quelli che saranno i suoi sviluppi futuri saranno dapprima una alternativa valida all’Unione Europea, poi, gradualmente, potrebbero tranquillamente assorbirla.

Con buona pace dei liberal, dei socialisti ideologici e di tutta la batteria delle ngo.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-12-01. Sieren’s China: Pro-Beijing bloc in Eastern Europe irks EU

At the 16+1 summit in Hungary, China further expanded its influence in Eastern and Southeastern Europe. The EU is allowing Beijing to undermine the bloc, DW’s Frank Sieren writes.

*

At the annual meeting of the Cooperation Between China and Central and Eastern European Countries, known as 16+1, in Budapest, Premier Li Keqiang said China wanted to “build bridges.” He told the gathering that his country’s economic investments in the host region would serve “more balanced development in Europe.”

Development of infrastructure development may indeed become increasingly more balanced, but with China’s bridges comes a tunnel that will undermine the EU’s authority. Over the next few years, China intends to invest $3 billion (€2.5 billion) into 16 countries in Central and Eastern Europe, including 11 EU member states.

Referring to the summit 1+16 would make more sense because it is China — as the world’s No. 2 economy by gross domestic product — that is setting the tone.

Officials consider Eastern Europe an important hub for China’s New Silk Road project with the goal of making Asia, Europe and Africa more interconnected economically. Thus the historic new investments in land and sea trade routes.

China is not doing this for altruistic reasons, and officials have never made any effort to convince potential partners otherwise. If construction projects are financed by Chinese banks, then they will also be built by Chinese workers. In return, Beijing would like some gratitude from politicians in the countries where it is active. China already has interests in Hungarian car factories, Serbian steelworks, Romanian oil refineries, Albanian airports and Croatian power plants. At the summit, Li and Hungary agreed to modernize a railway line that will enable goods that arrive in the Greek port of Piraeus, which is controlled by China, to get to the Central European market more quickly via Serbia and Hungary.

There’s a perception that the European Union neglects its eastern member states, which makes officials in such countries all the more grateful for China’s lucrative investment programs. And, in West Balkan states still waiting to be granted EU membership, there is a sense that at least Beijing is taking them seriously.

‘A deepening division’

The interest is a real problem for the EU. “China’s investments in Eastern Europe contain the danger of a deepening division within the EU,” the German member of the European Parliament Bernd Lange, a Social Democrat, recently warned. He is far too cautious in his wording: There is not only a danger — the division is already deep.

China’s credit-based investment aid not has not only elicited gratitude, but has also created political allies to help the country further expand its influence. This summer, Greece — which President Xi Jinping once described as China’s “most reliable friend in Europe” — used its influence to stop the EU from being more robust in condemning territorialism in the South China Sea or restricting the country’s investments within the bloc.

And Central European leaders such as Czech President Milos Zeman or Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban are open about their admiration for China’s authoritarian governmental system and welcome the fact that — in contrast to decrees from Brussels and Berlin — Beijing does not lecture them on the rule of law, democracy and refugee policy. “The world is changing,” Orban said on Monday in Budapest. “China has the resources to enable developments that would be impossible with EU funding alone.”

An EU alternative?

The European Union should put more effort into driving its own infrastructure projects, such as the West Balkan road and energy networks that were announced as part of the Berlin Process. Countries that seek to join the European Union — such as Serbia, which cannot yet receive the EU’s Structural and Investment Funds — do not necessarily much where they get necessary money from. What’s important is progress. The European Union is too slow, too divided, and has increasingly less money.

All this has helped Beijing expand its sphere of influence without anyone putting on the brakes. The “one EU” policy that Reinhard Bütikofer, a German Green in the European Parliament, has called for was inspired by Beijing’s “one China” policy, but so far it is not working. Why should China agree? Well, there is one argument: Beijing and a stable, powerful EU could work together and position themselves against the United States — especially on the issues of trade and North Korea.

China, however, appears to have more of an interest in infrastructure projects and competition with the European Union than in a stable multipolar world order.


Handelsblatt. 2017-12-01. Eastern Europe cozies up to China

Berlin, Brussels and Washington might worry as they watched eastern European states and China hold a major summit this week. But Beijing’s influence is the result of the EU’s own discord.

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Viktor Orban pulled out all the stops. The Hungarian prime minister even wore the same light blue tie as his Chinese counterpart, Prime Minister Li Keqiang. The fanfare was designed to signal their close relations (ties?) during a two-day summit in Budapest between China and 16 eastern and central European nations.

This week marked the sixth annual “16+1” summit, though some of the commitments got a bit more serious this year. Hungary and some of its neighbors, like Serbia, are getting promises of new infrastructure and are set to play a key role in China’s new “One Belt, One Road” initiative, a vast $900-billion infrastructure project stretching all the way from Asia to Europe.

Investment is hardly a bad thing, but the political ramifications are providing bigger headaches in other capitals. Berlin and Brussels fear that China’s economic prowess could loosen their own influence, driving a further wedge in an already-strained relationship between some western and eastern EU members. Even Washington, which has historically strong ties with eastern European nations, might look on with some concern.


Srpska. 2017-12-01. China-CEEC Summit 16+1 in Budapest

China’s premier says his country’s increased cooperation with Eastern Europe is part of the process of expanding globalization that will unite the two ends of the Eurasian landmass.

Premier Li Keqiang, attending a summit with 16 countries from central and eastern Europe in Budapest, the Hungarian capital, said Monday that cooperation between them was based on “mutual respect and the ‘win-win’ principle.”

“This kind of cooperation makes it possible for globalization to reach every segment of the world and can be more easily customized to the reality of every country,” Li said.

The premier noted that his country’s global imports would total some $8 trillion over the next five years.

“We hope the central and eastern European countries find their place in this volume and expand their presence on the huge Chinese market,” Li told an economic forum being held during the summit.

China’s “new Silk Road” initiative to expand trade across Asia, Africa and Europe is one of the keys themes of the sixth edition of the annual meeting with the 16 European countries.

Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who has closed off his country to most migration from outside Europe, especially Muslims, said Europe needed “strong allies” to confront the “historical challenges” it is faced with.

“If Europe shuts itself in, it loses the possibility of growth,” Orban said. “We 16 have always been open and would always like to remain so. We always saw cooperation with China as a great opportunity.”

Orban has been keen to pursue a policy of “Eastern Opening” for Hungary, looking to increase trade with Asia while portraying Western Europe as economically challenged and losing its global standing. His stance is seen as an effort to discredit criticism from the European Union that he is undermining democratic principles.

“We see the Chinese president’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ initiative as the new form of globalization which does not divide the world into teachers and students but is based on common respect and common advantages,” Orban said.

He also noted that for the countries in Eastern Europe, economic cooperation with China “is not hindered by any type of political obstacle.” In Hungary’s case, Orban rarely mentions human rights or minority issues when dealing with countries, often non-democratic regimes, while looking to expand economic ties.

Orban also said that the public procurement tenders for the reconstruction of a railway line between Budapest and Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, would be published Monday. The project is being financed mainly by China.

“This project is the first large investment project realized by cooperation between China, an EU member and a candidate for EU membership,” Orban said, adding that the upgraded railroad line could become the fastest transport route to Western Europe of China’s new Silk Road. 

Chairman of the Council of Ministers Denis Zvizdić and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of BiH Igor Crnadak will also participate at the Sixth Summit of 16 Central and Eastern European Officials with Prime Minister of China “16 plus one” in Budapest.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Cina. Ceec, un nome da imparare. Dazi ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-27.

Visegrad 001

Tutte le notizie possono essere commentate da differenti punti di vista, ciascuno dei quali mette in particolare risalto uno dei tanti aspetti.

Tra di questi, uno è costantemente sorvolato e sottotaciuto dai media occidentali: argomento particolarmente scomodo, ma non per questo inesistente.

Mentre l’Occidente sta dibattendosi in una crisi politica di severa portata, che raggiunge il suo massimo espressivo nella impossibilità di formare governi coesi e determinati, con movimenti e partiti minoritari che si rifiutano di accettare il ruolo di essere minoranze, mentre l’Occidente disperde l’opinione pubblica su temi etici e morali di dubbia consistenza ed utilità, mentre l’Occidente constata la evanescenza delle proprie teorie economiche non più, e vistosamente, in grado di gestire i tempi correnti, la Cina e la Russia stanno sviluppando un piano politico ed economico volto a formare un nuovo baricentro euroasiatico.

Molte quindi le possibili considerazioni.

In primo luogo, mentre in passato l’Occidente rendeva conto di gran parte dell’economia mondiale, al momento attuale le nazioni del G-7 generano circa il trenta per cento del pil mondiale. Il sistema economico occidentale non ha quindi dimensioni e forza per condizionare il resto del mondo, mentre questo ultimo ha dimensioni e forza per condizionare l’Occidente. La conseguenza è lapalissiana: l’Occidente non è più libero di scegliersi le strade da percorrere e le modalità di azione: o si adegua, oppure soccombe.

In secondo luogo, l’Unione Europea ha iniziato a frantumarsi. Se i partiti bollati come ‘populisti’ non hanno ancora conquistato dei governi europei, con la loro stessa presenza ne condizionano indirizzi ed azioni. La crisi politica francese ed austriaca, spagnola ed italiana, nonché quella tedesca paralizzano l’Unione Europea. Paralisi politica che si riverbera severamente sulla attività della Banca Centrale, proprio nel momento di inizio del tapering.

In terzo luogo, fino a quando aveva un qualche potere, Frau Merkel ed i suoi alleati europei si erano posti per motivazioni ideologiche in posizioni conflittuali con i paesi del Visegrad e, più generalmente parlando, con quelli dell’est europeo, Russia compresa. In alcune dichiarazioni, la dirigenza dell’Unione si era anche sbilanciata al punto di voler imporre al Visegrad sanzioni. Alla luce dell’attuale crisi queste posizioni sembrerebbero essere non più a lungo sostenibili.

In quarto luogo, come prima ricordato, l’Unione Europea non è più libera di decidere ciò che vuole. La Cina, assieme alla Russia, ha sviluppato il Ceec, China and Central and Eastern European Countries, nel cui ambito si muove con saggi criteri paritetici, senza esercitare la minima pressione sulle situazioni interne dei paesi membri. Una unione economica di sedici paesi. Molto significativo l’esame del sito di questa nuova organizzazione. Le fotografie prese ad icona dei singoli stati, per Bosnia Erzegovina, Bulgaria, Repubblica Ceka, Estonia, Ungheria, Lettonia, Macedonia, Polonia, Serbia, e Slovenia sono chiese, fatto del tutto impensabile invece nell’Unione Europea.

In quinto luogo, appaiono evidenti almeno due aspetti dell’interna questione. Come detto prima, la Cina non interferisce in nulla nei problemi interni dei paesi partner, ma investe cifre colossali in infrastrutture di trasporti ed utilities che nell’ambito del progetto Belt and Road superano abbondantemente i millecinquecento miliardi di dollari. Queste due considerazioni evidenziano il netto contrasto con il modo di agire dell’Unione Europea, che devolve la quasi totalità del proprio bilancio in welfare oppure in imprese ideologiche avulse dalle esigenze correnti dei mercati.

In sesto luogo, i numeri parlano chiaro. I paesi dell’est europeo stanno ricevendo più fondi dalla Cina che non dall’Unione Europea, che, anzi, fa persino pesare quel poco che concede. È evidente che alla fine queste nazioni saranno anche costrette a rivedere il proprio schieramento in seno alla Nato, con tutte le sequenziali conseguenze.

*

Dazi doganali ridotti dal 17.3% al 7.7%?

Sicuramente questa manovra faciliterà le esportazioni verso la Cina, anche se nel contempo ne consoliderà la leadership. Ma altrettanto sequenzialmente evidenzia come un miglioramento del sistema economico occidentale dipenda più dalla Cina e dalla Russia che non dall’Occidente.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. China to cut tariffs on consumer goods

BEIJING, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) — China will further reduce tariffs on consumer goods, including food and infant formula, in the third cut since 2015.

Effective next month, the average import tax on some food, health products, medicine, daily chemicals, clothing, footwear, and other products will drop to 7.7 percent from 17.3 percent, the Ministry of Finance (MOF) said Friday in an online statement.

Some types of baby milk powder and diapers will have zero tariffs, according to an MOF list.


XinuaNet. 2017-03-05. China collects over 400 bln yuan in taxes from major FTZs

BEIJING, March 5 (Xinhua) — China collected 409 billion yuan (59.3 billion U.S. dollars) in taxes in four major free trade zones (FTZs) last year, data from the State Administration of Taxation (SAT) showed.

The tax revenue growth was driven by fast development, reasonable industrial structure and strong innovation in the Shanghai, Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong FTZs.

Nearly 90 percent of the tax revenue came from the modern services sector, while high-end manufacturing witnessed strong growth in tax revenue, SAT data showed.

SAT data showed tax receipts from car manufacturing had annual growth of 44 percent last year, 34 percentage points higher than the national average.

Internet, software and information technology services posted stellar growth in tax revenues. The Guangdong FTZ, supported by tech-hub Shenzhen, saw tax revenues from the two sectors increase 470 percent and 390 percent respectively year on year.

FTZs are part of government efforts to test reform policies, including interest rate liberalization and fewer investment restrictions to better integrate the economy with international practice.

China launched its first FTZ in Shanghai in 2013. In late 2014, Tianjin, Fujian and Guangdong were allowed to set up a second group of FTZs. Another seven were approved in August 2016 in a bid to replicate the success of previous trials.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Chinese premier leaves for Hungary visit, SCO meeting in Russia.

«BEIJING, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang left Beijing on Sunday morning for an official visit to Hungary and the sixth meeting of heads of government of China-Central and Eastern European Countries in Budapest.

Li will also attend the 16th meeting of the Council of Heads of Government (Prime Ministers) of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization in the Russian city of Sochi from Nov. 30 to Dec. 1.»


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Premier Li vows to bring China-CEEC cooperation, China-Hungary ties to new high

«BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has vowed to bring cooperation between China and the 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) and relations between China and Hungary to a higher level.

Li made the statement in an article published on the newspaper The Hungarian Times before attending the sixth meeting of heads of government of China and the CEEC on Nov. 26-29 in Budapest and paying an official visit to Hungary. Full Story»

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BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — Chinese Premier Li Keqiang has vowed to bring cooperation between China and the 16 Central and Eastern European countries (CEEC) and relations between China and Hungary to a higher level.

Li made the statement in an article published on the newspaper The Hungarian Times before attending the sixth meeting of heads of government of China and the CEEC on Nov. 26-29 in Budapest and paying an official visit to Hungary.

“This is an important meeting held at the fifth anniversary of the launching of China-CEEC cooperation (16+1 cooperation). I’m looking forward to the meeting and the visit,” Li said.

Noting that Chinese President Xi Jinping announced in May the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries, Li said he is full of confidence about China-Hungary relations and the prospect of China-CEEC cooperation.

The premier recalled that the first China-CEEC economic and trade forum was held in Budapest in 2011 and, a year later, the 17 countries established a new trans-regional cooperation platform, called the 16+1 cooperation.

Over the five years, the 16+1 cooperation has been growing and the mechanism improving, bringing about remarkable progress to cooperation in all fields, Li said.

Political mutual trust between China and the CEEC countries has been deepened, with the two sides having established cooperation mechanisms in about 20 areas, he said.

Economic cooperation has been growing steadily, with bilateral trade increasing to 58.7 billion U.S. dollars in 2016 from 43.9 billion dollars in 2010 and the completion of a number of landmark infrastructure projects, said the premier.

People-to-people exchanges have been strengthened in the fields of education, culture, health, tourism, media, think tank, political party and youth, and at local levels, he said.

After a great start, the 16+1 cooperation demands a new direction and new momentum, the premier said, adding that he will work with CEEC leaders to review what the two sides have achieved in the five years and draw a blueprint for the future.

On China-Hungary ties, Li said both countries are beneficiaries and supporters of economic globalization, and it is in line with the fundamental interests of the two countries to stick to trade and investment liberalization and facilitation.

Speaking highly of the strategic alignment of the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative with Hungary’s Eastern Opening policy, Li said the Belt and Road Initiative and 16+1 cooperation have put the two countries’ economic and trade cooperation on a fast lane, with progress made in the areas of investment, finance, agriculture, scientific and technological innovation and small and medium-sized enterprises.

China and Hungary have also made strides in people-to-people exchange and cooperation in the areas of culture, education, sports, tourism and traditional Chinese medicine, he said.

Both sides hold that China-Hungary ties have entered the best period in history, Li said.

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has set out a grand blueprint and action guideline for future development of China, said Li, adding that a more open and prosperous China will surely bring more and greater opportunities to all countries in the world including Hungary.


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Commentary: Less anxious, more active EU needed in China-CEE cooperation

«BUDAPEST, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) — As Chinese Premier Li Keqiang heads to Budapest on Sunday for the sixth meeting of heads of government of China-Central and Eastern European (CEE) Countries, the once lagging behind part of Europe gets another chance to showcase its new title — the fastest growing region in Europe.

Data from the European Union (EU) lists Romania (8.6 percent in Q3, 2017), Latvia (6.2 percent), Poland and Czech Republic (both 5.0 percent) as top four fastest growing economies in the Union, which happen to be members of the China-CEE cooperation framework and take the lion’s share of China’s investment in the region.»


XinuaNet. 2017-11-26. Transport most promising field of cooperation between Poland, CEEC, China: Polish PM.

WARSAW, Oct. 25 (Xinhua) — Polish Prime Minister Beata Szydlo on Wednesday said transport is “one of the most promising fields of cooperation between Poland, the whole Central and Eastern Europe, and China.”

She made the statement as ministers of transport from China and Central and Eastern European Countries (CEEC) met here on Wednesday for the second CEEC-China Transport Ministers’ Meeting, which aims to improve cooperation in the area of transport.

During the opening ceremony, Szydlo said Poland has plans to develop the country’s transport infrastructure, including road, rail, air, sea links and inland waterways.

He Jianzhong, vice-minister of transport of China, said that China is willing to work with CEEC to promote the integration of Eurasian transport, accelerate interconnection of infrastructure and work together for a new chapter in China-CEEC transport cooperation.

 

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Problemia Energetici, Unione Europea

Polonia. È iniziato il rifornimento di petrolio americano.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-17.

2017-11-14__Polonia_Oil__001

La Polonia è il bruscolo nell’occhio della Unione Europea, meglio, di quella che fu la Germania condotta dalla Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel.

È una lunga storia di querelle.

Polonia. Una nazione da comprendere, da capire.

Polonia. Sta nascendo un nuovo polo finanziario europeo.

Trump visiterà la Polonia il sei luglio.

Mrs Ursula von der Leyen. Ora attacca bega con la Polonia.

Kaczyński. L’Innominato polacco.

Rivoluzione contro questa Europa. Jaroslaw Kaczynski.

Kaczynski, la sfida dell’Est: “Rivoluzione contro l’Europa”

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La Germania reputa un attentato alla democrazia la riforma del sistema giudiziario polacco, riforma che peraltro è la fotocopia dell’ordinamento tedesco.

Frau Merkel non poteva digerire che la Polonia non avesse preso quasi nemmeno un migrante.

Ma soprattutto Frau Merkel ed i liberal europei odiano la Polonia perché è cattolica, e se ne vanta.

«Erano decine di migliaia i polacchi che sabato hanno formato catene umane lungo i confini del paese, pregando “Dio perché salvi la Polonia e il mondo”. Migliaia di persone strette l’una all’altra, coroncina del Rosario in mano, hanno segnato tutti i 3.511 chilometri del confine che separa Varsavia da Germania, Ucraina, Bielorussia, Lituania, Repubblica Ceca, Slovacchia e Mar Baltico. Perfino in mare, i marinai si sono fermati e hanno iniziato a recitare il Rosario. A presiedere la celebrazione eucaristica, trasmessa dalla locale Radio Maria, è stato l’arcivescovo di Cracovia, mons. Marek Jedraszewski, che ha invitato a pregare “per le altre nazioni europee, perché capiscano che è necessario tornare alle radici cristiane affinché l’Europa rimanga l’Europa”.»

*

Poi venne alla fine il 24 settembre: Cdu ed Spd persero le elezioni e 153 deputati: una débâcle. I Rosari non sono acqua minerale.

Mr Macron è stato fulmineo nel cambiar gualdrappa:

«I believe in the sovereignty of states, and therefore, just as I don’t accept being lectured on how to govern my country, I don’t lecture others».

Poi Mr Tusk, il polacco rinnegato, si è dato un gran da fare:

Polonia. Persino Mr Tusk ha partecipato alla festa nazionale.

Merkel. Mission impossible. Polonia ed Ungheria la sberleffano.

* * *

In questo contesto Mr Kaczyński continua la ristrutturazione dell’assetto energetico polacco.

A maggio era arrivato il primo annuncio:

Polonia. Da oggi riceve il gas naturale liquefatto degli Usa.

«Oltre il costo del gasdotto, investimento da svariati miliardi, si dovrebbe contabilizzare quello imputabile alle stazioni di compressione. Ogni cento kilometri circa, è necessario infatti collocare una stazione di compressione che è peraltro alimentata dallo stesso gas trasportato. Dal confine russo a quello tedesco il gasdotto Yamal ha ben undici stazioni di pompaggio, che consumano circa il venti per cento del gas immesso. È un venti per cento ricaricato sull’utente finale.»

*

Di questi giorni la seconda notizia:

US oil debuts in Poland.

«A first-ever shipment of US oil, 600,000 barrels, or 80,000 tonnes worth, has arrived at a northern Polish seaport in Gdańsk»

*

«In September, Lotos received nearly 700,000 barrels of oil from Canada»

* * *

È difficile dar torto ad una nazione che voglia diventare energeticamente indipendente.


Radio Poland. 2017-11-12. US oil debuts in Poland

A first-ever shipment of US oil, 600,000 barrels, or 80,000 tonnes worth, has arrived at a northern Polish seaport in Gdańsk, for the country’s second-largest refiner, Lotos.

*

According to the refiner, the delivery is part of a strategy for more diverse supplies.

In September, Lotos received nearly 700,000 barrels of oil from Canada.

“Diversification is one of Lotos’ priorities,” the refiner’s CEO Marcin Jastrzępski said in a statement.

“This is the first, but not last purchase of American oil for the Gdańsk refinery,” he added.

The refiner said that eighty percent of its oil is sourced from the East and that it had trialled supplies from Iran, Saudi Arabia, Latin America, and North and West Africa “as a result of strategic activities aimed at boosting Polish security in the energy sector”.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ong - Ngo, Unione Europea

Polonia. Scacciare le ong (ngo) di Mr Soros.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-13.

2017-11-13__Polonia__001

Dopo Russia, Cina, India ed Ungheria, a forte richiesta della società civile anche la Polonia si appresta a rinunciare all’onore di ospitare le ong di Mr  Soros, che tanto si danno da fare a finanziare perl rovesciare i legittimi governi che le hanno accolte, ed a trasformare i cittadini in atei attivi, nonché, ovviamente, in sessualmente pervertiti.

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«Poland’s Law and Justice government wants to clean up the country’s civic sector, but NGOs fear a crackdown is coming»

*

«Prime minister Beata Szydlo has announced the opening of a “national centre for the development of civic society,” which will set priorities and oversee the financing of charities by public means»

*

«The government has already prepared a bill, which has not yet been published on the parliament’s website. Authorities said they would consult the text with NGOs»

*

«Szydlo told reporters last week that a reform was needed because “billions of zlotys… go to foundations which are subordinate to the politics of previous ruling regimes»

*

«Ordo Iuris is a religious fundamentalist think tank which recently tried to push through a blanket ban on safe and legal abortions»

*

«NGOs are also under pressure as Poland’s public broadcasters …. have been staging a defamation campaign to portray them as acting against Polish interests»

*

«accusing the groups of wanting to flood Europe with Muslim refugees and transform “Christian” nations into multicultural stews of left-wing globalism»

* * * * * * * *

«Soros has publicly stated he does not believe in God»

*

«Many who worked for him said they think he believes he is a god with the right to reshape the world in his image»

*

«The Polish government wants to stop the distribution of Norwegian money flowing into Poland coming from Soros’ funded Batory Foundation, which manages over 800 million euros with a target of overthrowing the Polish government by 2020»

*

«Since 2014, the Batory Foundation has distributed some 130 million zlotys (around 31.7 million euros) to various associations and organizations within Poland to change the government.»

*

«this includes organizations for the promotion of “parliamentary democracy”,  but only if it agrees with Soros’ agenda»

*

«Soros is trying to defeat Catholic values in Poland which are supported by the population and government»

*

«The situation escalated as the EU reelected Poland’s Donald Tusk against Poland’s.»

* * * * * * * *

Ungheria. Orban porta in tribunale le ong di Mr Soros.

Cina. Una nuova legge sulle Ong (Ngo).

Ong. Tempi durissimi. India avvia inchiesta sulla Bloomberg Philanthropies.

Soros George. Uno stato negli stati. Ecco i suoi principali voivodati.

*

Un’unica considerazione.

«he believes he is a god

with the right to reshape the world in his image»

È semplicemente una immane mania di grandezza.


EuObserver. 2016-12-02. Polish government in bid to defund NGOs

Poland’s Law and Justice government wants to clean up the country’s civic sector, but NGOs fear a crackdown is coming.

Prime minister Beata Szydlo has announced the opening of a “national centre for the development of civic society,” which will set priorities and oversee the financing of charities by public means.

The government has already prepared a bill, which has not yet been published on the parliament’s website. Authorities said they would consult the text with NGOs, who say they are still waiting for the opportunity.

According to a leaked draft, however, the centre will administer all public funding going to civil society. It will open its doors early next year, with Szydlo to appoint the director.

Szydlo told reporters last week that a reform was needed because “billions of zlotys… go to foundations which are subordinate to the politics of previous ruling regimes.” She didn’t specify to whom she was referring.

Ewa Kulik-Bielinska, a leading human rights campaigner, told EUobserver that the reform was likely a pretext to transfer public money to pro-government groups.

“Law and Justice lost power in 2007 because they hadn’t realised the value of media and NGOs. In the decade since, they have been building up an alternative civil society, which helped them to power,” said Kulik-Bielinska, who directs the Warsaw-based Stefan Batory Foundation, named after a 16th-century king of Poland.

She said the government was subverting civic society through sponsoring their own organisations and presenting them as representative of society at large.

“One could say that organisations such as Solidarni 2010 or Ordo Iuris are civil society, because they engage many people in their actions. But they aren’t civic in terms of values,” Kulik-Bielinska said.

Solidarni 2010 promotes conspiracies around the 2010 aeroplane crash that killed then-president Lech Kaczynski and a hundred other well-known figures. The association has a side project for monitoring elections, but only contests the ones that PiS loses.

Ordo Iuris is a religious fundamentalist think tank which recently tried to push through a blanket ban on safe and legal abortions. Its chairman, Aleksander Stepkowski, was deputy foreign minister in the PiS government until August.

“Democracy consists of being open to others; allowing for differing opinions,” Kulik-Bielinska added.

NGO funding

She said the government will likely put pressure on their counterparts in Norway, one of the largest donors to civic life in Poland.

Oslo and Warsaw are currently negotiating an €809 million scheme for initiatives aiming to reduce social and economic disparities in Poland.

Batory has played a key role in previous rounds of the cooperation, administering a €37 million fund allotted to Poland for 2009-2014.

Kulik-Bielinska fears the government will try to use the opportunity to try and hijack the Norway grants for their own agenda.

“The Norway grants are a problem, because a lot of money is at stake, and it’s going to ‘wrong’ priorities,” she said.

Some of the money goes to watchdog activities and projects against discrimination and hate crime, which has been deemed special priorities for Poland.

“These funds are crucial. Almost nobody else is funding such initiatives in Poland,” Kulik-Bielinska said.

Norway’s mission to the EU told EUobserver the next operator “will be selected by an open tender process”.

It said the administering body will have to be “independent of government, have regranting experience and knowledge of the sector.”

Norway funds

But in the end, Norway will have to seek approval for its choice of administrating body with the Polish government, which will likely want the role to be filled by its national centre.

“The Norwegians have stood up to government pressure in the past,” Kulik-Bielinska said, and cited the case of Hungary’s Viktor Orban when he tried to subvert Norway funds in 2014.

“But Hungary was an exception at the time; now it’s part of a global trend. Will Oslo run the risk of worsening relations with Law and Justice?” she said.

Maybe the current developments could inspire the EU to find new ways of supporting NGOs in member states, she said. Many organisations currently find it too cumbersome to apply for EU funding.

“But the EU should act, or it risks that the few NGOs we have in Poland will disappear, and there will be nobody to oppose the government,” Kulik-Bielinska said.

NGOs are also under pressure as Poland’s public broadcasters – recently reformed into “national media” – have been staging a defamation campaign to portray them as acting against Polish interests.

Batory has itself come under attack for its links to American financier and philanthropist George Soros, who established the foundation together with a group of Polish opposition leaders in the 1980s.

Kulik-Bielinska, who in the 1980s spent time in jail over her activities in the underground Solidarity movement, said the efforts to discredit NGOs smell a lot like communist propaganda.

“That regime also tried to label us as the lackeys of Western powers,” the rights campaigner said.


The New York Times. 2017-03-01. After Trump Win, Anti-Soros Forces Are Emboldened in Eastern Europe

BUDAPEST — Emboldened by encouraging signals from the Trump administration, populist leaders across Central and Eastern Europe are mounting simultaneous crackdowns on nongovernmental organizations, once protected by Washington, that promote open government, aid refugees and often serve as checks on authoritarian governments.

In Hungary, where the movement has reached a fever pitch, supporters of Prime Minister Viktor Orban are vilifying “foreign-funded” N.G.O.s — especially those succored by George Soros, the liberal American billionaire — and accusing the groups of wanting to flood Europe with Muslim refugees and transform “Christian” nations into multicultural stews of left-wing globalism. Earlier this week, Zoltan Kovacs, Mr. Orban’s chief international spokesman, described the organizations as “foreign agents financed by foreign money.”

Macedonia’s former autocratic prime minister, Nikola Gruevski, has called for a “de-Sorosization” of society, labeling opponents “Soros-oids” and inspiring a “Stop Operation Soros” movement in January. Poland’s governing party leader, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, says Soros-funded groups want “societies without identity,” and backs fresh efforts to regulate them. In Romania, where hundreds of thousands of anticorruption protesters took to the streets in recent weeks, the leader of the governing party charged that Mr. Soros “financed evil” and has vowed to defeat him. Similar efforts have begun or accelerated in Serbia, Slovakia and Bulgaria since Mr. Trump’s victory.

“These organizations must be pushed back with all available tools,” Szilard Nemeth, vice chairman of Hungary’s governing Fidesz party, told journalists. “I think they must be swept out, and now I believe the international conditions are right for this with the election of a new president.”

For more than a half-century, as Europe first struggled from the ashes of World War II and then shrugged off its Soviet shackles, American-backed nongovernmental organizations have been active across Europe, often called upon to explain the West’s style of democratic capitalism to people who have known neither. Their presence often annoyed the Continent’s more authoritarian-minded leaders, who regard many of the groups to be irritants at best, and threats at worst.

Traditionally, United States administrations of both parties have promoted the spread of democracy and stubbornly defended these advocacy groups. But Mr. Trump has said he will not press America’s political system on other countries and has embraced some of Europe’s far-right leaders. He also has criticized the European Union and made disparaging remarks about some democratic principles — including his frequent criticism of the news media.

For populist leaders like Mr. Orban, who has steadily steered Hungary toward so-called illiberal democracy, this new tone from the White House is regarded as a major opportunity.

“They see it as a historical moment,” said Jozsef Peter Martin, executive director of Transparency International’s Hungary branch. “The geopolitical situation has changed.”

For years, populist and authoritarian governments have been targeting “foreign-funded” organizations in many parts of the world, from China to India, and especially in Vladimir V. Putin’s Russia. Similar talk was common in Central and Eastern Europe, but now governments in Hungary and elsewhere are pushing beyond political speeches to propose legislation.

“Orban has talked about the Trump era being a new international opportunity for Hungary,” said Marta Pardavi, co-founder of the Hungarian Helsinki Committee, which gets about 30 percent of its funding from Soros-backed foundations. “He said it was a gift to us.”

Gergely Gulyas, a vice president of Hungary’s governing party, agreed that Mr. Trump’s victory had created a geopolitical climate more attractive to Hungary’s current leaders, but he cautioned against seeing that as the decisive reason for the crackdown.

“I think we would have done this even if Hillary Clinton had won,” he said.

He and other supporters of the Hungarian government say the outcry by civil society is a vast overreaction to what is simply a common-sense attempt to force the organizations to be more “transparent” — effectively turning the language of the advocacy groups against them.

In Hungary, governing party officials first began criticizing foreign-funded N.G.O.s in 2013. The following year, state investigators targeted organizations that received money from the Norway Grants, which the Scandinavian nation uses to promote social and economic equality in the formerly communist East. Agents raided the Budapest offices of three organizations and demanded documentation from dozens of others. But the investigators’ final report, released last fall, found no serious infringements of Hungarian law, and no charges were leveled.

But shortly after Mr. Trump’s election, Fidesz leaders immediately renewed their attacks on “foreign-funded” N.G.O.s, as the new villains were groups sponsored by Mr. Soros, while also proposing new legislative restrictions. Fidesz officials have not unveiled their proposals but say they intend to create a registry of such organizations and force them to disclose their financial details. Some officials have proposed forcing local N.G.O. leaders to disclose their personal finances.

“It is only about transparency,” Mr. Gulyas said. “This is a debate that is taking place around the world. An important debate about the future of democracy.”

But advocacy groups say it is more about harassment and intimidation. Stefania Kapronczay, executive director of the Hungarian Civil Liberties Union, which gets over half its funding from Soros-backed organizations, said Hungarian officials were “testing the waters” to see “what they can get away with.” New restrictions would have a “chilling effect,” she said.

“Some small N.G.O.s just quit,” she said. “The willingness of people to cooperate with us decreases.”

Born in Budapest in 1930, Mr. Soros and his Jewish family survived the Nazi occupation with false identity papers. He eventually became a Wall Street financier and ultimately made billions through his own hedge fund, Soros Fund Management. He established the Open Society Foundations as an umbrella group for his philanthropy and has given more than $12 billion to date. His philanthropic work promotes democracy, government accountability and freedom of expression — and, he has said, is driven by his memories of life under the Nazis.

“You couldn’t come up with a better enemy figure today,” said Jan Orlovsky, director of the Slovak branch of the Open Society Foundations. “George Soros brings up all of the stereotypes we have lived with all our lives — about Jews, bankers and, in Slovakia, also about Hungarians.”

Chris Stone, the president of the Open Society Foundations, described the governmental crackdowns as “a campaign by government leaders who are impatient with the institutions of democracy.”

Macedonia, struggling to form a new government in the debris of a two-year political crisis, has taken perhaps the most forceful anti-Soros stance. The Stop Operation Soros campaign pushes the idea that international pressure — from N.G.O.s and Western governments — forced the recent fall of the right-wing government of Mr. Gruevski, who hopes to return to power.

“We believe that, in these murky times, it is really important to take away the mask of the so-called civic organizations and to clearly reveal their political goals and actions, as well as their financing,” said Nenad Mirchevski, a founder of the movement.

In Poland, against a flare-up of anti-Soros statements, Prime Minister Beata Szydlo said her government intended to create a new body to coordinate state funding for all nongovernmental organizations. In Slovakia, a far-right-wing party proposed forcing “foreign-funded” N.G.O.s to register with the government. That effort did not succeed, but that did little to slow the tide of anti-Soros speech.

“Demonic forces of evil, represented by Soros, the Clintons, the Bush family and others, have not come to terms with losing the election, so they keep attacking Trump and want to get rid of him,” said a recent article in Hlavne Spravy, a right-wing Slovak daily.

From the moment Romania’s nominally socialist party was returned to power in December, its populist leader, Liviu Dragnea, has pressed for more control over N.G.O.s. “I have something against Mr. Soros,” Mr. Dragnea said in a late January interview. In Bulgaria, both Mr. Soros and organizations that defend human rights have come under attack. A local newspaper, shortly after Mr. Trump’s victory, described Mr. Soros as a “liberal terrorist.” In Serbia, local right-wing and pro-Russian publications have linked Mr. Soros to the Rothschilds, highlighted his Jewishness and described his efforts as an “anti-Trump radical movement.”

“And we are only at the start of the story,” said Laszlo Majtenyi, director of the Eotvos Karoly Institute in Budapest, a Soros-founded organization, and a left-wing coalition candidate for president in April. Once the government has stigmatized the groups as “foreign-funded,” he said, future crackdowns will be easier.

And there is always the chance that authoritarian governments will feel emboldened enough to simply toss out the offending organizations.

“This is where European democratic values will be defended,” said Goran Buldioski, director of the Open Society Initiative for Europe. “In Hungary and Poland, not in Western Europe. Democracy is more than just the ballot box, and it is more than something that happens every four years.”


Bloomberg. 2017-04-27. Soros-Backed NGO Braces for Polish Crackdown Over Norway Aid

– Warsaw-based Batory Foundation fears it will lose financing

– Hungary already seeking to shut Soros-founded university

*

A Polish non-profit group financed by George Soros is bracing for government efforts to curb its work, the latest attack on the billionaire’s civil-society activities in eastern Europe.

The Warsaw-based Batory Foundation, responsible for distributing some of the 809.3 million euros ($882 million) Norway plans to give Poland by 2021 to reduce economic and social disparities, is afraid it will be starved of funding. Poland wants the chunk that’s earmarked for building civic society to be managed by a state-run entity, Deputy Prime Minster Piotr Glinski said last month. Norway requires the cash to be handed out by an independent body.

The move would mark a new assault on Soros in the region after the government in his birthplace of Hungary sought to shut down a university he finances in Budapest. Poland’s ruling party has clashed with the European Union over rule of law, with leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski repeatedly praising Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban for pursuing his country’s interests inside the EU. Orban, whose nation has also gone after Norwegian grants, himself advocates “illiberal” democracy.

“Like in Hungary, there’s a plan to cut off public funding to organizations that the government doesn’t feel comfortable with and force them to curb or shut activity,” Batory Foundation Director Ewa Kulik-Bielinska told Bloomberg News this week by phone. “Like in other areas, the government is trying to divide society so non-governmental organizations that protect human rights are portrayed as enemies.”

No. 1 Beneficiary

Batory has been in charge of allocating the Norwegian funds since 2014, doling out more than 130 million zloty ($34 million) to 667 groups. They range from non-government organizations promoting democracy, gender equality and LGBT rights to church-linked charities. Since taking power in 2015, the Law & Justice party has sought to re-instill traditional Catholic values, some of which are at odds with policies of progressive groups.

In the run up to negotiations with Norway, Batory and several other NGO’s came under attack from the government-run public media for promoting “controversial projects,” a claim rejected by Kulik-Bielinska. In 2014, Hungary also clashed with Norway over how the oil-rich nation’s grants are distributed.

“Dozens of projects run by watchdog groups check on hospitals and courts, and their funding must be independent from the government to avoid the temptation of being politicized,” she said.

Poland is the biggest European recipient of Norwegian aid. The Nordic nation’s EU affairs minister, Frank Bakke Jensen, said time is needed reach an agreement that’s good for both parties. “The regulatory requirements are that fund operators in the recipient countries should have a good knowledge of the civil sector in the country, be independent of the authorities and have experience with fund distribution,” he told Bloomberg.

“Negotiations are ongoing at the civil-servant level, and we’re working to find solutions that are acceptable to both parties,” Norwegian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Ane Lunde said.

It’s too early to discuss which institution will manage the cash, according to Polish Deputy Development Minister Pawel Chorazy. “Poland wants access to the civic-society funds to be broad-based, so potential beneficiaries from all areas of the country can participate,” he said by email.


ZeroHedge. 2017-03-03. Martin Armstrong Asks “Is Soros At it Again…Trying To Overthrow The Polish Government?”

The Polish government wants to stop the distribution of Norwegian money flowing into Poland coming from Soros’ funded Batory Foundation, which manages over 800 million euros with a target of overthrowing the Polish government by 2020. Since 2014, the Batory Foundation has distributed some 130 million zlotys (around 31.7 million euros) to various associations and organizations within Poland to change the government. According to Bloomberg, this includes organizations for the promotion of “parliamentary democracy”,  but only if it agrees with Soros’ agenda.

Effectively, Soros is trying to defeat Catholic values in Poland which are supported by the population and government.

Norway is refusing to stop Soros’ agenda being implemented against Poland from inside Norway. Meanwhile, Poland and the head of the EU have been is a battle rejecting the EU policies on refugees and Brussel’s totalitarian position where he has even told Poland to accept the refugees or get out of the EU. The main concern is that the Polish government wants to determine its own future and security. The situation escalated as the EU reelected Poland’s Donald Tusk against Poland’s.

Poland should exit the EU and strike its own trade deal with the USA. Many US companies have established back-office operations there in Krakow including New York Banks. It is a very beautiful city on its own besides being a quiet place for back-office operations. I have enjoyed my travels there. Poland has well educated students, fluent in English, and they are free from the Euro. If Poland were to adopt the Euro, there are numerous companies that have expressed they would have to leave Poland or cease any further expansion under such conditions.

Soros has publicly stated he does not believe in God. Many who worked for him said they think he believes he is a god with the right to reshape the world in his image.

So have many throughout history and they are responsible for the murder of countless millions. Money does not give you the right to fund revolutions to recast the world in your image.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Polonia. Persino Mr Tusk ha partecipato alla festa nazionale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-13.

2017-11-13__Polonia__001

Nelle elezioni parlamentari del 25 ottobre 2015 il PiS aveva conseguito il 37.6% dei voti, mentre Piattaforma Civica (CP) aveva ottenuto il 24.1%: il partito di Jarosław Kaczyński aveva conquistato 235 / 460 deputati e 64 / 100 senatori, ossia la maggioranza assoluta dei seggi in ambedue le camere.

Le prospezioni elettorali sono concordi nell’indicare che se si tornasse a votare oggi il PiS otterrebbe tra il 38% ed il 40%, mentre CP flotterebbe tra il 18% ed il 20%. Il partito di Mr Kaczynski ha aumentato i consensi, mentre quello di Mr Tusk ne ha persi.

2017-11-13__Polonia__002

Piattaforma Civica è fortemente liberal, totalmente pro-Europa nel senso che condivide appieno le idee di quella che è l’attuale dirigenza dell’Unione Europea: il suo leader è Donald Tusk, attuale Presidente del Consiglio europeo, votato da tutti tranne che dai polacchi, che lo considerano un traditore della Patria.

*

La Polonia è in rotta di collisione con l’attuale dirigenza pro tempore dell’Unione Europea.

Intanto è uno dei pochi paesi della Nato che versa regolarmente il suo contributo del 2% del pil: ed è proprio per la sua adesione e per il permesso dato che sul suo territorio nazionale stazionino armamenti a corto e medio raggio che gode o, meglio, dovrebbe godere per gli accordi presi di un trattamento di riguardo. La posizione polacca verso la Nato è opposta a quella professata dalla Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel e, quindi, dalla dirigenza dell’Unione.

Non solo.

L’Unione Europea e la Germania avversano la Polonia ed i paesi del Visegrad per questi sono palesemente cristiani e ne riconoscono i valori come retaggio religioso, storico e culturale, perché sostengono l’idea di una Europa delle nazioni e non quella dello stato europeo, perché non hanno aderito alla politica immigratoria di Frau Merkel, ed infine perché l’Unione Europea ha avversato la loro riforma della giustizia, che peraltro sarebbe la fotocopia dell’ordinamento tedesco.

Polonia. Voci insistenti che Kaczynski sostituirebbe Beata Szydlo.

Mrs Ursula von der Leyen. Ora attacca bega con la Polonia.

Polonia. Referendum costituzionale. Un gran bel problema per tutti.

Polonia. Da oggi riceve il gas naturale liquefatto degli Usa.

Polonia. Sta nascendo un nuovo polo finanziario europeo.

Visegrad. Una realtà che condizionerà l’Unione Europea.

* * * * * * * *

Il 2017 è stato un anno di grandi mutamenti.

Il venti gennaio è entrato in carica Mr Trump, che aveva vinto le elezioni presidenziali americane contro la liberal democratica Mrs Hillary Clinton.

Alle elezioni in Francia il partito socialista è crollato dal pregresso 62% all’attuale 8%, e Mr Macron alle elezioni per il rinnovo del senato ha ottenuto solo 22 seggi su 171: sembrerebbe essere una sconfitta, checché ne dica Mr Macron.

Il 24 settembre alle elezioni politiche in Germania l’Union (Cdu e Csu) è crollata da 311 a 217 deputati, l’Spd è franata da 193 a 134 deputati, mentre l’Fdp ha guadagnato 70 deputati ed AfD ne ha conquistati 88. La Große Koalition ha perso 153 deputati: 94 seggi li ha persi l’Union e 59 i socialdemocratici. È stata una débâcle storica. Questo il verdetto degli Elettori.

Il 15 ottobre nelle elezioni politiche in Austria l’Övp di Herr Sebastina Kurz ha ottenuto il 31.6% dei voti, 62 deputati, l’Fpö il 26.0%, 51 deputati, mentre l’Spö del cancelliere uscente socialdemocratico è arrivato a stento al 26.9%.

Il 21 ottobre nelle elezioni per il rinnovo del parlamento della Repubblica Ceka Ano 2011 di Mr Andrej Babiš ha conquistato il 31.53% dei voti, mentre l’Spd di Mr Sobotka, eurofilo, è crollato al 7.8%.

Il 5 novembre in Slovakia lo Smer del presidente Fico, socialista, ha perso nelle elezioni regionali la maggioranza in quattro regioni, crollando dal 44.4% al 28.3%%: Mr Fico ha ricevuto alle urne una sfiducia degna di menzione.

* * * * * * *

Che gli Elettori occidentali non ne vogliano più sapere dei liberal e dei socialisti ideologici dovrebbe essere evidente anche al più sprovvido dei commentatori.

Non lo è ancora però ai giornalisti dei media di regime, che proseguono imperterriti, come se nulla fosse successo, a demonizzare chiunque non la pensasse come loro: sono gli ultimi di Moicani.

«Tens of thousands of nationalists have marched through Warsaw to mark Poland’s independence day, throwing red smoke bombs and carrying banners with such slogans as “white Europe of brotherly nations”.»

*

«the march organised by far-right groups was one of many events marking Poland’s rebirth as a nation in 1918»

*

«Police estimated 60,000 people took part. Many were young men»

*

«Those marching chanted “God, honour, country” and “Glory to our heroes”, while a few people also shouted xenophobic phrases like “pure Poland, white Poland” and “refugees get out”.»

* * *

«God, honour, country».

Tutto ciò che i liberal ed i socialisti odiano visceralmente.

Ma il vero segno che i tempi sono cambiati è questo.

«Earlier in the day, the president, Andrzej Duda, presided over state ceremonies also attended by the European Union president, Donald Tusk, a former Polish prime minister »

*

«Tusk’s appearance comes at a time when Warsaw has been increasingly at odds with Brussels because of the PiS government’s controversial court reforms, large-scale logging in a primeval forest and refusal to welcome migrants»

*

Mr Donald Tusk è uno che sa ben fiutare dove tira l’aria.

Non solo gira la gabbana con la velocità di Fregoli, ma all’occorrenza la caccia anche via: per Mr Tusk esiste solo il potere e per averlo e mantenerlo non esita minimamente a rinnegare persino sé stesso.

Dove c’è Mr Tusk lì c’è il potere.


The Guardian. 2017-11-12. ‘White Europe’: 60,000 nationalists march on Poland’s independence day

Xenophobic phrases, far-right symbols and religious slogans mark event also attended by families and branded ‘a beautiful sight’ by the interior minister.

*

Tens of thousands of nationalists have marched through Warsaw to mark Poland’s independence day, throwing red smoke bombs and carrying banners with such slogans as “white Europe of brotherly nations”.

The march organised by far-right groups was one of many events marking Poland’s rebirth as a nation in 1918, overshadowing official state observances and other patriotic events.

Police estimated 60,000 people took part. Many were young men, some with their faces covered or with beer bottles in hand, but families and older Poles also participated.

Those marching chanted “God, honour, country” and “Glory to our heroes”, while a few people also shouted xenophobic phrases like “pure Poland, white Poland” and “refugees get out”.

Some participants marched under the slogan “We Want God”, words from an old Polish religious song that the US president, Donald Trump, quoted during a visit to Warsaw earlier this year. Speakers spoke of standing against liberals and defending Christian values.

Many carried the national white-and-red flag as others set off flares and firecrackers, filling the air with red smoke. Some also carried banners depicting a falanga, a far-right symbol dating to the 1930s.

The march has become one of the largest such demonstration in Europe and drew far-right leaders from elsewhere in Europe, including Tommy Robinson from Britain and Roberto Fiore from Italy. It also attracted a considerable number of supporters of the governing conservative Law and Justice (PiS) party.

State broadcaster TVP, which reflects the conservative government’s line, called it a “great march of patriots”, and in its broadcasts described the event as one that drew mostly regular Poles expressing their love of Poland, not extremists.

“It was a beautiful sight,” the interior minister, Mariusz Blaszczak, said. “We are proud that so many Poles have decided to take part in a celebration connected to the Independence Day holiday.”

A smaller counter-protest by an anti-fascist movement also took place. Organisers kept the two groups apart to prevent violence. However, there was one incident in which the nationalists pushed and kicked several women who chanted anti-fascism slogans and had a banner saying “Stop Fascism”.

“I’m shocked that they’re allowed to demonstrate on this day. It’s 50 to 100,000 mostly football hooligans hijacking patriotism,” said 50-year-old Briton Andy Eddles, a language teacher who has been living in Poland for 27 years. “For me it’s important to support the anti-fascist coalition and to support fellow democrats, who are under pressure in Poland today.”

But main march participant Kamil Staszalek warned against making generalisations and said he was marching to “honour the memory of those who fought for Poland’s freedom”.

“I’d say some people here do have extreme views, maybe even 30 per cent of those marching, but 70 per cent are simply walking peacefully, without shouting any fascist slogans,” he said.

Earlier in the day, the president, Andrzej Duda, presided over state ceremonies also attended by the European Union president, Donald Tusk, a former Polish prime minister.

Tusk’s appearance comes at a time when Warsaw has been increasingly at odds with Brussels because of the PiS government’s controversial court reforms, large-scale logging in a primeval forest and refusal to welcome migrants. Relations between PiS and Tusk have been so tense that Poland was the only country to vote against his re-election as EU president in March.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Polonia. Voci insistenti che Kaczynski sostituirebbe Beata Szydlo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-09.

Orban Kaczynski Babis

Le voci sono voci e come tali dovrebbero essere considerate.

«Kaczynski, 68, picked Szydlo to head the government after she ran the party’s successful election campaign, which led to an unexpected majority in parliament»

*

«With no official position other than being a lawmaker, Kaczynski already sets course for the most-important government decisions and publicly chastises ministers.»

*

«Kaczynski becoming a prime minister would imply a much clearer power structure, a stronger government»

*

«The approval ratings for Szydlo’s government improved over the last 12 months with Poles rating the cabinet higher on the economy, social policy, security and corruption fighting»

*

«Support for Law & Justice rose to 40 percent this month compared with 37 percent it won in the elections»

*

«Poland’s Prime Minister Beata Szydlo, battling to quell reports that she may soon be dismissed, presented ruling-party leader and potential successor Jaroslaw Kaczynski with plans to streamline economic policy making in her cabinet»

*

«Her government stands accused by the European Union of backsliding on democratic values, which could trigger unprecedented sanctions by Brussels on a member nation. But Szydlo and the party remain popular in Poland, partly thanks to additional welfare spending on familes.»

*

Come detto, sono voci.

Una cosa sembrerebbe essere ragionevolmente certa.

Un premierato di Mr Jaroslaw Kaczynski indicherebbe un calo della potenza di fuoco dell’Unione Europea, un ulteriore passo verso un’Europa delle Nazioni.

Né stupisce che corrano queste voci subito dopo il summit del Visegrad cui ha partecipato anche Mr Donald Tusk.


Bloomberg. 2017-11-07. Polish Prime Minister Fights to Keep Her Job

– Morawiecki is viewed positively by markets, bank analyst says

– Kaczynski may take premier job to consolidate power: Newsweek

*

Poland’s Prime Minister Beata Szydlo, battling to quell reports that she may soon be dismissed, presented ruling-party leader and potential successor Jaroslaw Kaczynski with plans to streamline economic policy making in her cabinet.

The cabinet shuffle, whose details haven’t been made public, would “increase the role” of Deputy Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki over economic issues, according to Jaroslaw Gowin, who’s also a deputy premier. Morawiecki, a former bank executive who’s also the finance minister, has curbed Poland’s budget deficit while ramping up economic growth.

“Morawiecki is viewed positively by investors,” said Piotr Bielski, an economist at Bank Zachodni WBK SA. “He already plays a big role in the government, but there are various fractions in the cabinet that push back against his ideas, such as for reforming the pension system.”

Szydlo, 54, is battling to hold on to her post amid a power struggle within the ruling Law & Justice party halfway into its four-year parliamentary term. Her government stands accused by the European Union of backsliding on democratic values, which could trigger unprecedented sanctions by Brussels on a member nation. But Szydlo and the party remain popular in Poland, partly thanks to additional welfare spending on familes.

Kaczynski’s Move

Szydlo vowed to tweak her cabinet this month and said she’s ready to continue in her post. But her future as premier is uncertain as Kaczynski, the kingmaker behind her government, was near a decision whether to take over and crack down on conflicts within the cabinet, the Polish edition of Newsweek reported. Law & Justice leaders will meet on Wednesday to discuss cabinet changes, party spokeswoman Beata Mazurek said.

The zloty weakened 0.1 percent to 4.2429 against the euro at 4:40 p.m. in Warsaw, while the yield on 10-year benchmark bonds fell 1 basis point to 3.43 percent.

Polish assets could face temporary downward pressure if Szydlo, who has “high approval ratings and whom the market has grown accustomed to” is replaced by Kaczynski, according to Grzegorz Maliszewski, the chief economist at Bank Millennium SA in Warsaw.

Future Uncertain

Kaczynski, 68, picked Szydlo to head the government after she ran the party’s successful election campaign, which led to an unexpected majority in parliament. With no official position other than being a lawmaker, Kaczynski already sets course for the most-important government decisions and publicly chastises ministers.

“Kaczynski becoming a prime minister would imply a much clearer power structure, a stronger government,” said Anna Materska-Sosnowska, a political scientist at Warsaw University. “That said, I doubt this will be the case.”

The approval ratings for Szydlo’s government improved over the last 12 months with Poles rating the cabinet higher on the economy, social policy, security and corruption fighting, according to a survey published by CBOS pollster. Support for Law & Justice rose to 40 percent this month compared with 37 percent it won in the elections, a separate survey by Kantar Public conducted among 1,000 adults showed.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Visegrad. Una realtà che condizionerà l’Unione Europea.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-28.

Visegrad 001

Il Gruppo Visegrad, V4, comprende quattro stati, tutti membri dell’Unione Europea: Polonia, Repubblica Ceka, Slovakia ed Ungheria.

Non è un raggruppamento di natura economica e nemmeno di natura politica: si fonda su di una come Weltanschauung profondamente radicata nella tradisione europea religiosa, storica, culturale, sociale ed artistica: intenderlo in modo diverso poterebbe a conclusioni irreali, aberranti.

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Nel suo retaggio storico il Visegrad ha da sempre dovuto difendersi sia dalle pressioni slave dall’est, sia da quelle germaniche dall’ovest. Non solo: per lungo tempo è stato un bastione contro l’espansionismo turko ed islamico nel continente.

Un solo ricordo storico, ma molto significativo.

Nel 1683 gli eserciti turki arrivarono ad assediare la città imperiale di Vienna. Per due mesi 10,000 viennesi guidati da Ernst von Starhemberg dovettero difendersi da un esercito turko di 160,000 uomini, guidati da Kara Mustafa.

Grazie all’azione diplomatica di SS Papa Innocenzo XI si formò una coalizione europea per sbloccare l’assedio. Si interruppero persino le lotte intestine nella Germania dilaniata tra protestanti e cattolici. Si riunirono in un solo esercito le forze della Confederazione Polacco-Lituana, dell’Austria, Baviera, Sassonia, Franconia, Svevia, Ducato di Mantova, Repubblica di Venezia ed Elmanato di Ukraina, sotto la guida di Giovanni III Sobieski, Re di Polonia.

In una battaglia durata dall’11 al 12 settembre 1683 i 46,000 uomini di soccorso sgominarono i 160,000 turki: li annientarono quasi completamente.

Se l’Europa è ora quello che è, lo si deve a quei prodi coraggiosi.

Ci si pensi bene.

Il vero substrato della Lega Santa fu la comune religione cristiana.

Esattamente come fu la religione cattolica a dare motivo di vita alle nazioni del Visegrad durante i cinquanta anni di satrapia sovietica.

Ricordiamoci anche chi fu e cosa fece Jerzy Popiełuszko, canonizzato martire il 6 giugno 2010. Fu assassinato da Grzegorz Piotrowski, Leszek Pękala, Waldemar Chmielewski e da Adam Pietruszka.

Non ci si dimentichi nemmeno dell’opera svolta da Solidarność, che destabilizzò il regime comunista polacco, innescandone la caduta, né si taccia l’ingente flusso di capitali volto a finanziare le attività di Solidarność fatto fluire in Polonia da parte dello IOR, presieduto da Paul Marcinkus, e del Banco Ambrosiano di Roberto Calvi. Flusso per cui i post-comunisti occidentali, i socialisti ideologici, la fecero pagare ben cara, con una persecuzione in piena regola.

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Come si constata, i paesi del Visegrad hanno una storia pagata lacrime e sangue: storia che li ha formati a resistere a tutti gli insulti dell’alterna sorte. Sono coriacei. Sono abbarbicati al loro retaggio religioso, storico, culturale, sociale: lo hanno edificato sulla loro pelle. Fa parte del loro dna.

Che non si siano piegati alle brame dei liberal e dei socialisti ideologici europei non dovrebbe generare stupore alcuno: hanno due opposte e conflittuali visioni della vita.

«Czech billionaire Andrej Babis’ election victory has triggered widespread warnings of a shift to the political right in Eastern Europe»

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«Earthquake, hurricane, tsunami: There was no shortage of colorful catastrophic comparisons following Saturday’s general election in the Czech Republic»

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«About 60 percent of voters in one of Central and Eastern Europe’s shining examples of democracy opted for anti-establishment parties»

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«The dramatic electoral shift in a European Union member state is cause for concern»

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«Around the EU there is talk of Eastern Europe tilting ever further to the right»

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«President Milos Zeman have long injected political poison into public discourse with repeated biting remarks about the EU, refugees, and general humanitarian values and liberal democracy»

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«The victory should sound the alarm for the many demonized elites in the Czech Republic and elsewhere.»

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«If they don’t want to be swept away by obscure, anti-establishment forces, they have to sincerely embrace a more transparent, accountable, sustainable and authentic democratic rule.»

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«That is the only way they will convince most voters »

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Se si concorda con il Deutsche Welle che ai socialdemocratici non resta altro che convincere gli Elettori a tornare a votarli, si dovrebbe altresì ricordare che così come essi si presentano sono invotabili.

Nel Visegrad così come in Francia ed in Germania, ove i socialisti sono stati annientati. Gli Elettori non ne vogliono più sapere di loro, delle loro ubbie, dei loro deliri sessuali, della loro ipocrisia.

È incompatibile con quella dei Visegrad la Weltanschauung socialista ideologica, che odia e perseguita la religione cattolica, che odia ed avversa il retaggio storico e culturale delle nazioni. Una Europa Unita confederata sui temi economici va benissimo, uno stato europeo no: assolutamente no.

Né si pensi che Mr Babis sia solo.

Ecco un ritratto del Presidente Zeman:

«Zeman is a climate change skeptic. He has said that in his opinion, human activity probably cannot influence global warming. Zeman has promoted friendly relations with China.

In March 2016, Zeman defended Poland’s newly elected Law and Justice government, saying: “I expressed the view that the Polish government, which was created as a result of free elections, has every right to carry out activities for which it received a mandate in these elections. It should not be subject to moralising or criticism from the European Union, which should finally focus on its primary task – to protect the external borders of the Union.”» [Fonte]

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Per sopravvivere politicamente i socialisti devono deporre la loro ideologia, come fecero in passato a Bad Godesberg.

No: non è stato un terremoto, un uragano, uno tsunami. I socialisti sono crollati sotto il peso di duemila anni di quella storia che loro pensavano poter ignorare e sopprimere.

P.S. I giornalisti del Deutsche Welle possono dire e fare ciò che vogliono, tanto in Francia i socialisti sono all’8% ed in Germania i socialdemocratici sono al 20.5%.

Senza governo e sottogoverno sono destinati a scomparire. È un gran bene che proseguano la loro strada.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-10-24. Opinion: Czech voters more than simply right-wingers

Czech billionaire Andrej Babis’ election victory has triggered widespread warnings of a shift to the political right in Eastern Europe. We should avoid making such blanket generalizations, however, writes Keno Verseck.

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Earthquake, hurricane, tsunami: There was no shortage of colorful catastrophic comparisons following Saturday’s general election in the Czech Republic. About 60 percent of voters in one of Central and Eastern Europe’s shining examples of democracy opted for anti-establishment parties, despite the fact the country has a prospering economy. The dramatic electoral shift in a European Union member state is cause for concern.

Around the EU there is talk of Eastern Europe tilting ever further to the right. It may seem that the Czech Republic is following a similar path forged by Hungary and Poland, but despite the consternation brought on by the election results, differences abound. Alarming statements about the East’s euroskepticism and rightward shifts are generalizations that explain very little.

A poisonous political climate

Broadly speaking, Czech anti-establishment voters are hardly right-wing radicals. They are fed up with the stagnation of the political elite. Important social, health and education reforms have been lagging for years; clientelism and nepotism reign supreme at the local and regional level; and part of Czech society fears it is on the losing end of modernization.

Meanwhile politicians like President Milos Zeman have long injected political poison into public discourse with repeated biting remarks about the EU, refugees, and general humanitarian values and liberal democracy.

Andrej Babis, the billionaire founder of the victorious ANO party, sometimes fosters this kind of discourse. He won over a majority of his voters with promises of cleaning up the country and putting an end to corruption. The irony to such claims cannot be overlooked, seeing that Babis is himself is part of the Czech elite and embroiled in financial scandal.

Unlike leaders such as Hungary’s Viktor Orban and Poland’s Jaroslaw Kaczynski, Babis is neither a nationalist nor a chauvinist, and he lacks any sort of significant anti-democratic vision. He is more the type of ambitious, self-important oligarch who believes his autocratic brand of business would do the country good. That sort of authoritarian thinking represents the danger Babis poses.

Alarm bells for political elite

It remains to be seen how much influence Babis may have over the country’s future. He needs to build a government, which will be hard seeing that hardly anyone is willing to join his ANO party in a coalition. Over the years, Babis has pushed out a number of the smart people from his party he would need to bring about all of his nice-sounding plans for a better economy and more efficiency. As head of state, he will no longer be able to play the role of opposition within the government, which he did as finance minister from 2014 until May this year. He could see his popularity dip accordingly.

Lastly, Babis has not presented any fundamentally anti-European plans. His rejection of EU refugee policy remains the only aspect in line with the Visegrad countries of Poland, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Hungary. The ANO victory is therefore in no way an indication of a strengthening of the increasingly divergent Visegrad Group.

The victory should sound the alarm for the many demonized elites in the Czech Republic and elsewhere. If they don’t want to be swept away by obscure, anti-establishment forces, they have to sincerely embrace a more transparent, accountable, sustainable and authentic democratic rule. That is the only way they will convince most voters.

Deutsche Welle. 2017-10-24. Visegrad represents Czechs, Slovaks, Hungarians and Poles

Within the EU, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia form a regional body of their own: the Visegrad Group, or V4. The countries differ on many issues, but they have embraced similar migration policies.

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Formed in 1991 in the  Hungarian town of the same name, the Visegrad Group is the regional alliance of four closely linked Central European countries.

“The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia have always been part of a single civilization, sharing cultural and intellectual values and common roots in diverse religious traditions, which they wish to preserve and further strengthen” is the description of the Visegrad Group, also known as V4, on the alliance’s website.

The V4 countries, once satellite states of the Soviet Union, all became EU members on May 1, 2004. Austria — which borders the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia — has shown an interest in joining the group.

‘Encouraging optimum cooperation’

The countries do not “try to compete with the existing functional Central European structures,” according to the V4. Instead, the group works toward “encouraging optimum cooperation with all countries, in particular its neighbors, its ultimate interest being the democratic development in all parts of Europe.”

In 2000, the group created the International Visegrad Fund to support scholarships, grants, and cooperation in the areas of culture, scientific exchange, research, education and the promotion of tourism. The fund also financially supports the Think Visegard network, which was created in 2012 by eight V4 research centers and institutes.

Poland has the region’s largest economy, followed by the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia — the only Visegrad country to have adopted the euro as its official currency. 

Similarities and disputes

The countries differ on many issues, a major one being how closely to partner with Russia, but they have embraced similar migration policies. V4 leaders oppose the refugee quotas endorsed by many other EU member states.

The euroskeptic government in Poland refuses to accept refugees, and billionaire businessman Andrej Babis, whose party won the most votes in the 2017 parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic, has pledged to keep the borders closed to refugees. In Hungary, Prime Minister Victor Orban seeks to preserve “ethnic homogeneity.” Slovakia is the only Visegrad state currently ruled by a Social Democrat, but even the nominally centrist Robert Fico has attempted to connect terrorism to refugees and religion. 

They also tend to oppose deferring to the EU on issues that they consider domestic policy. Poland and Hungary in particular have clashed with the European Commission, much more so than Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

The V4 cooperates with other regional blocs, such as Benelux Union and the Nordic Council of Ministers.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Istruzione e Ricerca, Unione Europea

EU disgustata. Turkia, Ungheria e Polonia insegnano a scuola religione e patriottismo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-23.

Unione Europea Eurpa 001

Poveri liberal e poveri socialisti ideologici! In rapida successione ha perso la Presidenza, il Congresso ed il Senato negli Stati Uniti, il Regno Unito ha abbandonato l’Unione Europea, i socialisti francesi sono crollati dal 62% all’8%, Herr Schulz e Frau Merkel sono riusciti a perdere 153 deputati al Bundestag, sono stati scalzati dall’Austria e cacciati a pedate nei denti dalla Repubblica Ceka. Sugli attuali ventotto paesi dell’Unione Europea, sono al governo solo in cinque, e tutti stati marginali.

Mr Juncker è sull’orlo del suicidio e molti temono che qualcuno possa dissuaderlo.

Così, dopo aver per lustri imposto i programmi scolastici, tra i quali spiccava l’educazione sessuale che formava i giovani a diventare dei perfetti omosessuali dediti a tutti le possibili perversioni, adesso si lamentano che stia avvenendo il processo contrario.

Con dei distinguo.

«In neighboring Romania, the minister of education sparked controversy by suggesting the introduction of a single school textbook system – with only one nationwide edition per subject and grade».

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«School curricula in Turkey and EU states Hungary and Poland have been trending more toward patriotism and religion, with less emphasis on diversity»

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«the government introduced mandatory religious education – with the option of attending ‘ethics’ classes instead, but this subject is hardly any different from religion»

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«In Turkey, creationism has been present in textbooks since the 1980s»

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Se gli attuali eurocrati, ed i loro fidi scudieri giornalisti si aspettavano che i “populisti” lasciassero insegnare nelle scuole le ideologie liberal e socialista, bene, allora avevano sbagliato, ed anche di molto.

I populisti insegnano ai bambini ed ai ragazzi i valori della patria e la sua storia: insegnano ad amare la propria nazione. Insegnano loro i rudimenti della religione, che è intima parte del loro retaggio.

Queste erano aberranti eresie agli occhi dei liberal e dei populisti, che però non esitavano a sbattere in galera i genitori che si fossero rifiutati di far frequentare ai propri figli le lezioni di omosessualità.

Ma ora non contano più che ben poco: le elezioni hanno tagliato i loro artigli e segato le loro zanne.

Due pesi e due misure, intolleranza estrema.

Poi si domandano perché mai gli Elettori li abbiano cacciati via.

Sono stati fin troppo pazienti.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-10-19. Turkey, Hungary and Poland: The politics of school textbooks

School curricula in Turkey and EU states Hungary and Poland have been trending more toward patriotism and religion, with less emphasis on diversity. Teachers and other education experts are voicing their criticism.

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The image of schoolchildren marching in step reminds many Eastern Europeans of life under communist dictatorship, yet it could again become reality in Hungary. Prime Minister Viktor Orban has asked the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Human Resources to develop a patriotic homeland defense education program by the end of this year, which would be included in the national curriculum for Hungarian schools. 

‘Nationalistic and religious indoctrination’    

“Introducing military education in schools is not surprising: After the complete political and administrative takeover of schools, they are already more like military barracks than institutions for teaching and learning,” Peter Rado, a Hungarian expert on education policy and critic of the Orban government, told DW. He also expressed concern over the elimination of the free textbook market in Hungary.

In neighboring Romania, the minister of education sparked controversy by suggesting the introduction of a single school textbook system – with only one nationwide edition per subject and grade. Critics have warned that single textbooks would be reminiscent of the school system during Nicolae Ceausescu’s regime, paving the way for ideological control. 

Christiane Brandauer, from Germany’s Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research, told DW a red line is crossed “if teaching aims at presenting a certain worldview as an absolute truth.”

From Peter Rado’s perspective, Hungary has crossed that red line, calling the new policy a “nationalistic and religious indoctrination” that goes beyond textbooks. “For example, the government introduced mandatory religious education – with the option of attending ‘ethics’ classes instead, but this subject is hardly any different from religion,” he said.

Theory of evolution: ‘Too complicated’

In Turkey, creationism has been present in textbooks since the 1980s. In the new academic year, Darwin’s theory of evolution has less space in the official school curriculum. Large parts of the theory are “too complicated” and “too controversial,” the Ministry of Education explained in an official statement. A new subject called “creatures and environment” is set to replace it.

Hatice Karahan, one of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s chief advisers, defended the Turkish curriculum in an interview with DW. Removing the theory of evolution from lesson plans does not “contradict” the progressiveness of Turkish schools, she said. “Countries have different curricula, and many of our schools focus on technical subjects.”

Academics and politicians from the opposition have strongly condemned the changes. “Removing a proven theory from the curriculum means sidelining wisdom and science,” said Baris Yarkadas, a member of Turkey’s largest opposition party, CHP. “The [ruling Justice and Development Party] government is replacing it with a program including Sharia principles.”

Critics of these changes see them as an attempt to weaken Turkey’s secular ideals. They also point out that in comparison to previous versions, the current curriculum left less space for modern Turkey’s founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who introduced secular reforms.

Historical revisionism?   

History textbooks can allow governments the opportunity to cast political figures in a positive light. In Russia, a book on Josef Stalin’s campaign of repression was declared “dangerous to the health of students.” Its author, history professor Andrei Suslov, has taken the issue to court. Stalin’s dictatorship is framed in Russian schools as having been necessary for its time. He is depicted as the hero who defeated the Nazis in World War II, despite operating gulags and persecuting his political opponents.

Addressing political figures can also impact the present. In Hungary, one textbook quotes Prime Minister Orban several times and includes a speech he delivered on the refugee crisis. Students learn that Hungary is a culturally homogeneous country – unlike former colonial powers – as an argument against accepting refugees.      

Good migrants, bad migrants   

The current refugee crisis has also found its way into Polish school textbooks. In a seventh grade “civic science” class, students learn that migrants have “positive or negative effects.”

“I don’t know if I should laugh or cry at this,” Jacek Staniszewski, a teacher from Warszaw and member of the European Association of History Educators (Euroclio), told DW. “The textbook says that migrants from Ukraine can fill gaps in the Polish labor market, while those who come from other cultures and religions cause social conflicts.” Staniszewski is critical of education reform pushed by the country’s ruling Law and Justice Party (PiS), which abolished the middle school model and reinstated the eight-year elementary school system used during communist rule. 

‘My students deserve more than just one perspective’

In Polish schools, subjects like history have taken on more importance. But the changes to the curriculum have also drawn criticism. “This curriculum divides people into us and them – the narrative shapes our identity against some nations like the Germans and the Russians,” said Staniszewski.

From this school year on, lessons in fourth grade don’t start with ancient history, as they did before, but with the 10th century, when the Christian ruler Miezko I founded Poland. For one year, children study a long list of Polish national heroes, said Staniszewski, adding: “My task is to show greatness – but history is not all about great people. And maybe they were not that great all the time.”  

“My students deserve more than just one perspective,” said the teacher, who does not plan to change his style of educating. “It’s up to them to choose one and debate with me.” Unlike in Hungary, Polish teachers can choose from a multitude of textbooks. “Our government is naive enough to try to indoctrinate people, but history shows that it’s not going to work,” said Staniszewski. “Communism hasn’t succeeded in indoctrinating people in 50 years.”