Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Spagna. Sanchez bocciato la seconda volta. Fine del sogno liberal socialista.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-25.

Goya Francisco. Los fusilamientos del tres de mayo. Museo del Prado, Madrid. 1814

«Il leader socialista Pedro Sanchez non ha ottenuto la maggioranza necessaria per ottenere l’incarico a formare un nuovo governo in Spagna nel secondo voto al Congresso»

«Sanchez ha ottenuto solo 124 voti a favore, i contrari sono stati 156»

«Acting Socialist prime minister loses parliamentary vote, raising chances of fourth election in Spain in as many years»

«After weeks of acrimonious negotiations, Sanchez failed to win the support of the far-left Unidas Podemos, raising the possibility of a fresh election – the country’s fourth in as many years»

«Sanchez was forced to call early elections in February when his draft budget was rejected. While the Socialists won the most seats in the April vote, they fell short of a majority»

«On Wednesday, the Socialists offered Podemos the vice presidency and three ministries. However, Podemos demanded the Labour Ministry to invest in a new government – which was excluded from the Socialists’ proposal»

* * * * * * *

Quando nelle elezioni di febbraio Sanchez ottenne la maggioranza relativa, l’universo parcellare europeo di sinistra inneggiò al trionfo.

Se sicuramente la maggioranza relativa è cosa buona, essa pur tuttavia non consente la formazione di un governo.

Due considerazioni.

La prima verte i Podemos, da molti non ancora ben compresi. Avere in programma azioni politiche oppure economiche che in passato erano tipiche della sinistra non significa minimamente ‘essere di sinistra‘, nel senso di essere ideologizzati. La condivisione dell’ideologia liberal socialista è appannaggio dello Psoe, non dei Podemos.

La seconda verte la legge elettorale. Il suffragio universale con metodo proporzionale ed il sistema parlamentare hanno fatto il loro tempo, ed in Europa lo si vede più che bene. La parcellizzazione delle formazioni politiche e la loro litigiosità impedisce la formazione di governi legalmente istituiti e stabili.

Se è vero che non esiste legge elettorale perfetta, il sistema presidenziale e la legge elettorale francese consentono almeno di poter eleggere uno straccetto di governo. E ben difficilmente si potrebbe accusare la Francia di non essere una nazione democratica.


Ansa. 2019-07-25. Spagna: nuova bocciatura per Sanchez

Il leader socialista Pedro Sanchez non ha ottenuto la maggioranza necessaria per ottenere l’incarico a formare un nuovo governo in Spagna nel secondo voto al Congresso.

Sanchez ha ottenuto solo 124 voti a favore, i contrari sono stati 156. Gli astenuti 66, tra i quali i parlamentari di Podemos, come annunciato poco prima del voto.

Hanno votato “sì” tutti i deputati del Psoe più il rappresentante del Prc, José María Mazón.

Hanno votato “no” tra gli altri i rappresentanti dei popolari, di Ciudadanos e di Vox.

*


Aljazeera. 2019-07-25. Spain’s Pedro Sanchez loses vote to be confirmed as PM

Acting Socialist prime minister loses parliamentary vote, raising chances of fourth election in Spain in as many years..

Spain‘s acting Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez has lost a parliamentary vote of confidence after talks with a far-left party to form a coalition government collapsed.

Apart from the 123 legislators of his Socialist party, just one other deputy from a regional grouping voted for Sanchez, leaving him far short of the simple majority he needed.

Some 170 members voted against, while 52 abstained.

After weeks of acrimonious negotiations, Sanchez failed to win the support of the far-left Unidas Podemos, raising the possibility of a fresh election – the country’s fourth in as many years.

Spain’s two-party system has become deeply fragmented in recent years, resulting in minority governments unable to pass major reforms without support from other parties.

Sanchez was forced to call early elections in February when his draft budget was rejected. While the Socialists won the most seats in the April vote, they fell short of a majority.

The party now has until late September to attempt further confirmation votes in Parliament. However, the it said this month it would give up trying to install Sanchez if he failed to secure confirmation in July. 

“I am very sorry to note that parliament remains blocked,” the socialist prime minister told Parliament on Wednesday. “A deal wasn’t possible.” 

“I want to be Spain’s prime minister, but not at any price,” he added.

Tense negotiations

The confidence vote follows months of tense negotiations between the Socialists and Podemos. 

The talks became deadlocked over the question of what role Podemos would play in a coalition government, which would be the first since Spain’s return to democracy in the late 1970s.

On Wednesday, the Socialists offered Podemos the vice presidency and three ministries. However, Podemos demanded the Labour Ministry to invest in a new government – which was excluded from the Socialists’ proposal.

Podemos and the Socialists have accused each other of blocking negotiations as distrust between both sides rides high. 

Sanchez strongly criticised the way Podemos and its leader Pablo Iglesias had conducted the talks, but did not say what his next step would be. 

If he does not seek other confirmation votes or is unsuccessful in them, a new election will be held on November 10.

An ongoing separatist movement in the northeastern region of Catalonia, high unemployment, low wages and job insecurity will be among the main challenges facing Spain’s next government.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Pedro Sanchez battuto sul voto di fiducia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-07-23.

Goya Francisco. Los fusilamientos del tres de mayo. Museo del Prado, Madrid. 1814

«Spanish MPs rejected appointing Pedro Sanchez as prime minister in a first poll on Tuesday — but they will vote again in two days’ time»

«Sanchez required an absolute majority from parliament in the first vote, however, in the second one, which will take place on Thursday, he only requires a simple majority»

«Approval in the second vote will mostly depend on whether the Socialists and the far-left Podemos party can agree on a coalition deal.»

«Sanchez failed to strike a deal with Podemos leader Pablo Iglesias on Monday because the latter was still not satisfied with the latest offer by the Socialists over the granting of posts within the new government’s cabinet»

* * * * * * *

Il messaggio lanciato dai Podemos è chiarissimo: vogliamo più posti di ministri e sottosegretari.

Come si constata, sono problemi di altissima e sottile politica, che poco o punto hanno a che fare con il programma governativo:

«Employment, gender equality and fighting climate change would be his main priorities»

*

Gli slogan possono concorre a far vincere le elzioni, ma alla fine tutti i salmi finiscono in gloria.


Pedro Sanchez fails to gather enough votes to be appointed prime minister in first round of voting

«Spanish MPs rejected appointing Pedro Sanchez as prime minister in a first poll on Tuesday — but they will vote again in two days’ time.

Sanchez required an absolute majority from parliament in the first vote, however, in the second one, which will take place on Thursday, he only requires a simple majority.

Approval in the second vote will mostly depend on whether the Socialists and the far-left Podemos party can agree on a coalition deal.

Sanchez failed to strike a deal with Podemos leader Pablo Iglesias on Monday because the latter was still not satisfied with the latest offer by the Socialists over the granting of posts within the new government’s cabinet.

“Respect our voters and do not offer to us being a mere decoration in your government, because we will not accept it,” leader Iglesias said after talks between the parties ended without an agreement.

The Podemos leader said, however, that his party would still like to be part of the government and would like to negotiate further.

Sanchez has only been the country’s leader in an acting capacity since April after failing to win a majority in the Spanish general election.

He first became prime minister of a minority government in June last year when parliament voted out a conservative government over a corruption scandal.

On Monday, Sanchez laid out his government plans to parliament, which would focus on jobs, women’s rights, and the environment.

“This is what I will be doing in the coming days: request your confidence, appeal to your responsibility and generosity … so that Spain has a government,” Sanchez told MPs.

Employment, gender equality and fighting climate change would be his main priorities, he said.

How many votes does Sanchez need to be named prime minister?

Sanchez had to receive the support of 176 members (an absolute majority) of parliament to be confirmed as prime minister on Tuesday.»

*


Rai News. 2019-07-23. Spagna, Sanchez perde primo voto fiducia.

17.30 Il premier spagnolo Sanchez non ha passato il primo voto di fiducia. Il leader socialista ha ottenuto 124 voti a favore e 170 contrari, mentre gli astenuti sono stati 52. Giovedì è programmato un nuovo voto: a Sanchez basterà la maggioranza semplice per essere incaricato premier. La sinistra radicale di Podemos si è astenuta. “Un gesto per facilitare i negoziati”, spiega la portavoce, lasciando aperto uno spiraglio per trovare un accordo per la formazione di un governo di coalizione.

*


Pedro Sánchez: Spain’s accidental PM on a roll

«Last year, Pedro Sánchez was lagging in the polls as the leader of Spain’s opposition, bruised by two resounding electoral defeats.

Now, after securing the first victory for his Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) since 2008, Mr Sánchez is on the brink of being reappointed as prime minister.

To do so, Mr Sánchez needs a majority of lawmakers to vote in favour of his painstakingly-negotiated coalition government with the leftist anti-austerity Podemos party.

Parliamentary backing for his coalition would bring weeks of fractious negotiations and political turmoil to an end, giving Mr Sánchez his first full term as prime minister.

The substance of Mr Sánchez’s campaign slogan – “make it happen” – will then be put to the test.

“He has used his time in government to project an image of gravity and of being someone who is suited to the post of prime minister,” says Josep Lobera, a sociologist at Madrid’s Autonomous University (UAM) – who adds that being in government has boosted Mr Sánchez’s standing among leftist voters.

“Regardless of whether or not he’s actually managed the country effectively, he’s projected that image.”»

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Unione Europea

Spagna. Parlamento boccia la finanziaria. Verosimili nuove elezioni.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-13.

Goya Francisco. Los fusilamientos del tres de mayo. Museo del Prado, Madrid. 1814

Da anni la Spagna langue in una palude politica apparentemente irrisolvibile.

Dopo il governo di minoranza di Mr Rajoy, anche quello altrettanto di minoranza di Mr Pedro Sanchez è vicino alla caduta, aprendo così la strada a nuove elezioni anticipate, che allo stato delle cose risolveranno poco o nulla.

Spagna. Decine di migliaia di dimostranti in piazza contro Sanchez.

Spagna. Podemos in crisi. Situazione ancor più confusa di prima.

Il problema è semplicissimo.

Quando si governa una coalizione sarebbe fondamentale che tutte le componenti si alzassero dal tavolo delle trattative soddisfatte. Nessuna coalizione riesce a sopravvivere se un partito, fosse anche quello di maggioranza relativa, cercasse di imporre qualcosa.

Ma i liberal socialisti, impelagati nelle loro diatribe ideologiche, sono congenitamente negati alle trattative. La loro ideologia è profondamente rivoluzionaria: o siedono alla opposizione oppure al governo vogliono imporre la loro visione, senza se e senza ma.

*

La finanziaria presentata da Mr Pedro Sanchez era semplicemente inaccettabile.


Ansa. 2019-02-13. Spagna, Parlamento boccia la finanziaria

Il Parlamento spagnolo ha rigettato la Finanziaria 2019 proposta dal governo socialista di Pedro Sanchez. Si apre così la strada alle elezioni anticipate. A votare contro la legge di bilancio dell’esecutivo socialista di Pedro Sanchez, dopo il rifiuto del governo di negoziare l’autodeterminazione di Catalogna, i partiti indipendentisti, che hanno così sostanzialmente decretato la fine della legislatura, e quelli di centrodestra. In particolare, hanno votato contro i partiti indipendentisti catalani Erc, del PdeCat e quelli dei partiti di centro-destra Partido Popular e Ciudadanos e del Foro Asturias e Coaliccion Canaria, per 191 no complessivi a fronte di 156 si – dei deputati del Psoe e di Podemos – e 1 astensione. Starà ora al premier Pedro Sanchez decidere se sciogliere le Camere e convocare elezioni anticipate, come reclamano Pp e Ciudadanos. La fine naturale della legislatura sarebbe prevista per il 2020. Il leader socialista, lasciando l’emiciclo, non si è pronunciato al riguardo.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Spagna. Podemos in crisi. Situazione ancor più confusa di prima.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-01-23.

2019-01-23__spagna__001

Le elezioni politiche spagnole sono programmate per il 2020, ma a maggio di questo anno si terranno quelle europee.

Negli ultimi tempi il quadro politico, già tormentato, ha subito ulteriori variazioni.

Prendendo a riferimento le ultime elezioni politiche del 26 giugno 2016, il partito popolare è sceso dal 33% al 21.5%, il partito socialista si mantiene stabile, passando dal 22.6% al 21.5%.

Le novità consistono nel calo dei Podemos dal 2.2% al 14.4%, nella salita dei Ciudadanos dal 13.1% al 23%, e nella comparsa quasi improvvisa di Vox, che si attesterebbe attorno all’8.9%, dopo una clamorosa affermazione nelle recenti elezioni in Andalusia. Vox è un partito dichiaratamente identitario, sovranista.

*

Se queste propensioni al voto si confermassero, la Spagna continuerebbe ad essere ingovernabile, essendo frammentate tutte le forze politiche. In particolare, l’alleanza tra partito socialista e Podemos non avrebbe i numeri per governare.

Di questi ultimi tempi corrono voci insistenti che il partito dei Podemos potrebbe anche spezzarsi in due tronconi; uno nettamente di sinistra ed un’altro di incerta collocazione, ma sicuramente molto meno intransigente.

Un chiarimento sarrebbe di obbligo. Una cosa è fare manovre ‘di sinistra’ perchè mossi dall’ideologia, ed una completamente differente sarebbe il mettere in atto una manovra contemplata dall’ideologia socialista solo perché sia conveniente in quel particolare momento. Da questo punto di vista i Podemos sono statalisti.

Sono i due co-fondatori dei Podemos che iniziano a dimostrare idee differenti sul modo di cercare di uscire dalla crisi:

«Long hailed as a beacon of success for the far-left after erupting in Spain five years ago, Podemos is now on the verge of a split that analysts say could hurt the ruling Socialists»

*

«Once inseparable, the two young political scientists who co-founded the party in 2014 — Pablo Iglesias and Iñigo Errejon — have gradually grown apart over what strategy to take, and matters came to a head on Thursday»

*

«Errejon, Podemos’s high-profile candidate for Madrid in upcoming regional elections, announced that rather than run solo, he was joining a left-wing platform led by the Spanish capital’s mayor Manuela Carmena»

*

«Short of calling his move a betrayal, Iglesias accused Errejon and Carmena of working behind his back»

*

«the party has been suffering from its lack of a cohesive strategy»

* * * * * * *

Come si constata, il quadro politico è sicuramente in divenire, ma sembrerebbe non preannunciare l’emerge di un partito  che possa formare un governo stabile e coeso.


The Local. 2019-01-22. Elections loom but there’s trouble at the top in Podemos

Long hailed as a beacon of success for the far-left after erupting in Spain five years ago, Podemos is now on the verge of a split that analysts say could hurt the ruling Socialists.

Once inseparable, the two young political scientists who co-founded the party in 2014 — Pablo Iglesias and Iñigo Errejon — have gradually grown apart over what strategy to take, and matters came to a head on Thursday.   

Errejon, Podemos’s high-profile candidate for Madrid in upcoming regional elections, announced that rather than run solo, he was joining a left-wing platform led by the Spanish capital’s mayor Manuela Carmena.

Carmena will be candidate for the mayorship in municipal elections on May 26th and Errejon will run for the Madrid region in regional polls on the same day.   

He hopes this alliance will attract more votes.   

Errejon’s controversial move comes after Podemos suffered a drubbing in December regional elections in Andalusia, a traditional left-wing stronghold where the far-right have made inroads and are now backing a new conservative administration.

That poor showing prompted him to unite with Carmena, who is popular in Madrid.

 “This is an initiative that extends a hand to many more people,” he told Spanish radio.

‘Low point’

Short of calling his move a betrayal, Iglesias accused Errejon and Carmena of working behind his back.

“I wish Iñigo luck in building his new party with Manuela,” he wrote on his Facebook page.

All eyes are now on whether he will ditch Errejon altogether and propose another Podemos candidate. 

Either way, the party comes out weakened.   

“We’re witnessing a low point,” says Paloma Roman, politics professor at Madrid’s Complutense University.

In-fighting has left the party born in 2014 out of anger over austerity politics fighting for air as it crashes down from its dizzying victory in 2016 elections. 

In those general polls — its first — it won 67 parliamentary seats along with other left-wing associates.

Tensions are also running high with some of its regional or local left-wing partners with whom it has stood for election in the past.   

That worked well at first, with coalitions that included Podemos taking over major cities like Barcelona.

But cracks are starting to emerge.

‘Lack of cohesive strategy’

Caroline Gray, lecturer in Spanish politics at Britain’s Aston University, says “the party has been suffering from its lack of a cohesive strategy”.   

“There have been levels of infighting between Podemos and those other affiliates over the way to go forward,” says Gray.   

Some regional affiliates, she adds, would rather Podemos left them to run alone and work with them once they’re elected.   

“But that then creates problems for Podemos because if they haven’t got a strong base at local or regional level, are people going to vote for them in state-wide elections?”

All this is coming to a head before the May elections and could potentially affect the ruling Socialist party too, Roman says.   

If more and more of Podemos’s partners decide to go it alone in regional elections, that would add on one more left-wing candidate to those already standing for the Socialists and Podemos.

“That will scatter the votes,” says Roman.   

Not necessarily, counters Astrid Barrio, politics professor at the University of Valencia.

“Faced with the division of the left and Podemos failing to meet expectations, the Socialists could recover some of the votes they lost (to Podemos) in the last electoral period.”

And for political analyst Pablo Simon, the left might actually come out winning in Madrid if they join forces post-election.   

“Paradoxically, with more on the menu, more left-wing voters could turn out as each will have their own option and will know that if they all come together, they will govern,” he says.