Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Germania. Dati sempre più allarmanti sulla povertà.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-17.

Das Brandenburger Tor in Berlin

La statistiche sulla Germania fanno emergere una situazione sconcertante. L’economia sembrerebbe essere entrata in una fase di stagnazione, l’industria automobilistica riduce la produzione in Germania e la sta trasferendo all’estero, il governo sembrerebbe essere inesistente.

I dati riportati come valori medi sono spinto verso l’alto dalla presenza di numerose persone fisiche e/o giuridiche a reddito molto elevato: i dati mediani o riportati per percentili evidenziano invece situazioni di grave sofferenza economica. I dati enumerativi poi sono impietosi.

Germania. Un grande problema è la miseria, adesso al 20%.

Germania. Non è povera. È misera. – Financial Times

Germany: 150 percent rise in number of homeless since 2014.

‘Massive’ rich-poor gap in German society

German poverty rising despite economic growth

Germania. La miseria sta crescendo. – Handelsblatt. Confindustria Tedesca.

* * * * * * *

Germania. Ordini Industria -4.2%, -8.4% a/a.

Germania. Produzione auto -4.1%, insolvenze +5.7%.

Almost every seventh child in German is dependent on welfare funds

* * * * * * *

«New research has illustrated the increasing poverty in larger German cities, particularly those in the Ruhr region in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’s most populated state»

*

«in the Ruhr city of Gütersloh, showed the share of welfare recipients in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants increased to 14 percent – four percent above the national average»

*

«46 percent of city respondents said they had witnessed an increase in poverty»

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«The industrial area was one of Germany’s richest throughout the 20th century on the back of a thriving coal mining industry. As the coal mines have closed however, wages have stagnated and poverty has trended upwards in the region»

*

«Many of the youngsters’ parents often lack the money or the time to provide regular meals, he said, adding that the centre aims to give the youths a space “where they can feel at home”.»

*

«That’s how generations of poor children become poor adults and poor parents»

*

«statistics show that 45 percent of children raised by a sole parent, usually their mother, live in relative poverty»

* * * * * * *

Si è perfettamente consci come sotto campagna elettorale nessun partito provi un gran desiderio a parlare di codesti argomenti.

Tuttavia i problemi non si risolvono eliminandone la menzione.

Il fatto che la povertà stia aumentando in Länder ricchi dovrebbe dare molto cui pensare.


The Local. 2019-04-03. Poverty rising in Germany’s industrial Ruhr region: study

Statistics have revealed increases in poverty in many larger cities in west Germany, predominantly in the Ruhr region. Conversely, poverty is trending downward in the former east.

New research has illustrated the increasing poverty in larger German cities, particularly those in the Ruhr region in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’s most populated state. 

The research, announced in the Ruhr city of Gütersloh, showed the share of welfare recipients in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants increased to 14 percent – four percent above the national average. 

The research, conducted by the Bertelsmann Foundation and reported in the Rheinische Post on Tuesday, showed the city residents were noticing the increases in poverty more so than the population at large. 

In total, 46 percent of city respondents said they had witnessed an increase in poverty, whereas only one-third of nationwide respondents felt the same. 

Ruhr poverty on the rise

Gütersloh – one of many mid-size cities in Germany’s industrial heartland – was chosen as the site of the research release to highlight the rising poverty in the region. 

Poverty has increased in 13 communities in the Ruhr region with more than 100,000 inhabitants. The Ruhr area – known in German as the Ruhrgebiet – is home to more than 5 million people and is the third largest urban area in the European Union. 

The industrial area was one of Germany’s richest throughout the 20th century on the back of a thriving coal mining industry. As the coal mines have closed however, wages have stagnated and poverty has trended upwards in the region. 

Opposite trends eastwards

Conversely, poverty has decreased in cities in the former east. Despite the comparative economic disadvantage remaining since reunification, each of the ten communities in the former east that classify for ‘city’ status has seen a diminution in poverty in the study. 

German taxpayers foot a 5.5 percent ‘solidarity tax’ which is aimed at bridging the economic gap between the west and the former communist east. 

The money is channeled into economic support for the states that make up the former east, although there have been repeated calls in recent years to abolish the tax. 

——

Taxpayers demonstrating on anniversary of fall of Berlin wall/#Mauerfall  against economic subsidy tax for formerly communist east. They want the new government to kill the so-called #Soli. pic.twitter.com/2dE4lWmCTw

— Jefferson Chase (@chaseongermany) 9. November 2017

——

The ’Soli’ tax has also been challenged in the courts, with the efforts largely unsuccessful. 

Despite a former timeline set for the abolishment of the solidarity tax in 2019, the German government recently delayed a debate about whether or not to end the tax to after the 2021 election. 

A tale of two (trends in) cities

In total, poverty rose in German cities. Just under half – 46 percent – of the city dwellers saw an increase in poverty rates, while poverty stayed the same in 20 percent of the cities surveyed. 

In 34 percent of the cities surveyed, poverty was shown to have fallen. 

*


The Local. 2019-03-20. ‘I haven’t eaten all day’: Growing up poor is a dead-end street in wealthy Germany

Chancellor Angela Merkel touted Germany as a country “in which we live well and happily” during her re-election campaign. But those words ring hollow to the one in five children living in poverty in Europe’s top economy, with little prospect of climbing the social ladder.

It’s just gone 3:00 pm at the Lichtenberg youth centre in east Berlin, where youngsters are laying out cherry tomatoes and carefully chopped cucumber as they get ready to prepare dinner together.

For many of them, the weekday ritual is an eagerly awaited moment.

“We notice it a lot especially among the teenagers, they ask us: ‘When can we eat? I haven’t eaten all day’,” said Patric Tavanti, head of the centre run by the charity Caritas.

Many of the youngsters’ parents often lack the money or the time to provide regular meals, he said, adding that the centre aims to give the youths a space “where they can feel at home”. 

“I come almost every day,” Leila, one of the teens, told AFP. “We chat, cook together and just have fun.”

Downward spiral

In Europe’s powerhouse, the economy is humming, public coffers have never been fuller and unemployment is at its lowest since reunification in 1990.

Yet some 20 percent of under-18s live in “relative poverty”, according to the family ministry, defined as living in households that have to get by on less than 60 percent of the average German household income.

For a single parent with one child, that amounts to a monthly net income below €1,192 ($1,470).

For a family with four children, it’s under €2,355.

Almost every seventh child in German is dependent on welfare funds

‘No one in Germany would go hungry if food banks didn’t exist’

In Germany, the risk of poverty rises with every child a couple has: study

Despite record employment, only a third of the parents of Germany’s roughly 2.8 million impoverished children have jobs, said Heinz Hilgers, of the Child Protection Association (Kinderschutzbund).

Beyond the material shortcomings they suffer, growing up poor takes its toll in many other, more insidious ways.

“It’s a downward spiral,” said professor Klaus Hurrelmann, of the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.

“The children feel excluded, they start to feel ashamed when they can’t join in school excursions or invite friends over for a birthday party. They end up losing confidence in themselves and struggle at school,” he said.

Falling behind at school

Tavanti, of the Berlin youth centre, said it was a phenomenon he had witnessed first-hand.

“Just one of our adolescents is currently trying to pass the Abitur,” he said, referring to the secondary-school leaving certificate required to pursue higher education.

He believes many German schools struggle to meet the needs of these at-risk children, who often come from immigrant families or single-parent homes.

“We’re seeing a growing need for food, but also for help with homework and reading,” agreed Lars Dittebrand, who runs the Manna family centre in Berlin’s Gropiusstadt area, famed for its towering social housing estates.

Compounding the problem is Germany’s early-age education sorting system, critics say, which can prematurely put disadvantaged pupils on a less academic route, potentially leading to lower-paying and less secure jobs.

Decrying what it calls “hereditary poverty” in Germany, a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation think tank found that just some three to 16 percent of households, depending on calculations, managed to cross the poverty line and improve their lot.

“That’s how generations of poor children become poor adults and poor parents,” said Hilgers, of the Child Protection Association.

As well as being a stain on Germany’s conscience, it’s “a huge economic risk”, he warned, in a greying nation already grappling with a shortage of skilled labour.

‘Making their own way’

Germany’s new government, a repeat coalition of Merkel’s conservatives and the centre-left Social Democrats, has vowed to tackle the challenges by raising child benefits, offering more child care facilities and all-day schools to make it easier for parents, especially mothers, to work.

But for lawmaker Lisa Paus, of the opposition Greens party, those promises don’t go far enough.

She said Germany urgently needed to do more to support single parents.

“Poverty often starts when couples split up,” she said.

Indeed, statistics show that 45 percent of children raised by a sole parent, usually their mother, live in relative poverty.

Some politicians and campaigners have called for a basic monthly income for children of around €500 for the lowest-earning households to help break the poverty doom loop.

But for a government determined to maintain a balanced budget, any hint of lavish spending is anathema.

Instead, Family Minister Franziska Giffey plans to introduce a law in coming months aimed at improving the quality of daycare facilities, with a bigger emphasis on early-child development.

“Every child should be allowed to make their own way, regardless of where they come from and where they grew up,” she said.

*


The Local. 2019-03-05. German poverty ‘hits record high’ despite low unemployment

A new report claims that more Germans are poor now than at any time since reunification. But some experts have dismissed the numbers as “not serious and stupid”.

“With 15.7 percent of Germans in poverty, we have unfortunately reached a high point since reunification,” said Ulrich Schneider, head of the Equal Welfare Association, on Thursday.

The figures are based on statistics from the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) which records the proportion of the population with an income less than 60 percent of that of the median German household.

In 2005, 14.7 percent of Germans were living below this barrier.

The report by the Equal Welfare Association argued that 12.9 million people in Germany were living below the poverty line in 2015.

“Economic developments have not been reducing poverty for a long time,” said Schneider.

The apparent increase in poverty comes despite unemployment levels falling for years.

In February, unemployment in Germany hung on at an all-time low, official data showed on Wednesday, standing at 5.9 percent – the same level as in January and its lowest level since German reunification in 1990.

People without work and single parents were both particularly vulnerable to poverty, the Equal Welfare Association report stated. A third of all foreigners lived in poverty, while a quarter of all families with three or more children faced this hardship.

Meanwhile the number of pensioners below the Equal Welfare Association’s poverty line has risen by 49 percent in a decade, leading Wolfram Friedersdorf – head of the People’s Solidarity Association – to speak of an “avalanche” of old-age poverty.

Berlin and the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia are the regions worst affected by hardship.

But the Equal Welfare Association figures are controversial. Destatis classifies people below the 60 percent mark as “threatened by poverty” as opposed to the Equal Welfare Association’s definition, which describes them as poor.

Walter Krämer, a statistics professor at the Technical University in Dortmund, called the statistics “not serious and stupid” in an interview with RedaktionsNetzwerk Deutschland.

“The welfare associations know exactly why they don’t want to use serious statistics – because they would show that poverty has been sinking for years,” he said.

Krämer argued that a serious analysis of poverty would involve looking into hardship in real life, such as studies of what people are putting in their shopping trolley.

“But that requires a lot of effort, and for that reason no one does it,” he claimed.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Religioni, Unione Europea

Germania. Corte Costituzionale. Gli scolari islamici a Messa nelle scuole cattoliche.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-08.

Leccaculo-1-732450

Questo articolo trae spunto da un recente fatto di cronaca, ma non lo analizza a fondo, come forse taluni si sarebbero potuto aspettare.

Quanto accaduto è una delle più difficili lezioni della storia che mente umana possa cogliere, pensarci sopra ed infine metabolizzare, interiorizzare.

Nell’arte politica e militare sono sicuramente importanti i rapporti di forza, ma ancor più importanti sono gli equilibri. I rapporti di forza sono quantizzabili numericamente e quindi facilmente analizzabili in modo oggettivo, sempre che si sia in grado sia di cogliere il reale sia di argomentarlo secondo logica.

Gli equilibri hanno come sicuro substrato i rapporti di forza, ma sono vissuti anche alla luce dell’interpretazione soggettiva che ne viene data dalla parti. La soggettività sottostà all’emotività, e quasi di norma gli esseri umani non si sono allenati a dominarla con la forza della ragione. Sono gli squilibri tra le forze, così come siano percepiti, a spingere ad azioni avventate ed errate. Condannabili l’ingiustificata paura, così come la tracotante sicurezza.

La sortita da Belgrado assediata di san Giovanni da Compostano, un cristiano per ogni cinquanta turki, era stata un assurdo, ma aveva individuato a perfezione il tempo ed aveva rotto l’equilibrio. Fu una travolgente vittoria.

Nella battaglia di Ilipa Scipione con metà delle forze cartaginesi ed attaccando su, lungo una ripida salita, sconvolse i rapporti di forze, mutando all’improvviso lo schieramento dopo sette giorni di inutile contrapposizione. L’equilibrio era rotto, e ben pochi cartaginesi riuscirono a sopravvivere.

Gli equilibri internazionali sono l’apice della psicologia umana: tengono conto dell’immaginario collettivo del popolo e della rappresentazione che se ne danno i responsbaili. Sono ben pochi i governanti, i dirigenti, che riescono a comprendere questi passaggi.

* * * * * * * * * * * *

Per quasi due anni gli ambienti ed i media liberal e socialisti hanno irriso e vilipeso, oltraggiato in ogni modo e maniera coloro che spregevolmente designavano come “populisti“. Poi venne tutta la serie di débâcle elettorali del 2017, culminate il 24 settembre.

AfD aveva conseguito un modesto 12.% ed 85 deputati, ma l’Spd era crollata al 20.5% e la Cdu al 32.9%.

Da un punto di vista delle forze numeriche in campo, AfD conta poco o nulla. Tuttavia AfD ha rotto gli equilibri passati ed ostacola la futura formazione di equilibri differenti. Cosa non da poco. Frau Merkel è kaputt.

* * * * * * * * * * *

I giudici, specie quelli delle Corti Costituzionali, sono i più sensibili sensori dei mutamenti politici, attuali e futuri.

Quando arrivò Robespierre, i giudici adorarono la dea ragione. Arrivato napoleone, adorarono la sacra corona imperiale. Tornato il re, divennero tutti monarchici e, qualche anno dopo, si ritrasformarono in repubblicani accesissimi.

E guai a chi avesse loro ricordato cosa avevano detto e sentenziato in passato!

Ma quelli erano i giudici francesi dei primi anni dell’ottocento: ora i nostri giudici son tutte persone a modo, culturalmente avanzati e, soprattutto, amministrano non tanto la legalità quanto la giustizia.

Poi, saranno quello che saranno, ma mica sono scemi, anzi, tutt’altro.

«By refusing to hear the case, Germany’s Constitutional Court has ruled that a Muslim boy must attend religion classes and services at a state-funded Catholic school »

*

«Germany’s Constitutional Court rejected a lawsuit by Muslim parents who wanted their son to be exempt from the religious teachings at a publicly funded Catholic school in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia»

*

«the court has effectively affirmed the elementary school’s right to force non-Catholic students to attend religion classes and services.»

*

«The court’s decision confirmed an NRW administrative court’s ruling that states are free to set up publicly funded schools administered by Germany’s two official Christian denominations: Catholics and Protestants»

*

«The argument of the court was quite convincing, …. As long as there are religious schools, these schools should be allowed to defend the religious profile of the school, and religious instruction is an important marker of this.»

*

«The political question is another matter»

*

«The Social Democrats, who governed Germany’s most populous state for many years, didn’t want to have a conflict with the Catholic church in the state, so they didn’t touch this school system.»

* * * * * * * *

Riassumiamo in sintesi.

Nonostante dodici anni di sentenze avverse e contrarie, la Corte Costituzionale tedesca ammette che studenti islamici iscritti a scuole cattoliche debbano obbligatoriamente frequentare le attività religiose che connotano codesti istituti.

È una rivoluzione copernicana, che prelude la teoria dei gravi ed anche quella della relatività. Mica che sia finita qui, e così.

È solo il primo passo, fatto in perfetto stile aulico.

La Corte Costituzionale non ha ammesso alla discussione in aula il ricordo dei genitori mussulmani.

*

Non sono cambiati i giudici: è solo intervenuto il 24 settembre, con la débâcle della Große Koalition.

Adesso i giudici costituzionali si aspettano il biscotto per la loro velocità di reazione da centometristi della politica.

E siamo solo agli inizi. Solo agli inizi.

Nota.

Negli ultimi dodici anni 367 giornalisti si sono successi nella redazione del Deutsche Welle. Tutti regolarmente iscritti al partito socialdemocratico, tutti liberal, loggia e grembiulino. Tutte le mattine acendono un moccolo a Lenin e parlano il più perfetto dei politicamente corretti.

Adesso la loro madre spirituale, la Spd, è scesa al 21.5% dei voti: contano ancora qualcosa per il governo in alcuni Länder e per la presenzad in una larga porzione del parastato, ma gli appetiti dei Grüne e dell’Fdp sono tali che in breve porteranno via loro anche queste ultime fonti di sostentamento.

Stanno cercando disperatamente un qualche nuovo padrone: si sta avvicinando lo spettro di dover lavorare per vivere. Tutti ci ricordiamo i loro nomi ed i loro cognomi.

Se la direzione del Deutsche Welle dovesse passare ai Grüne oppure all’Fdp, forse qualcuno potrà subire una clamorosa metamorfosi, ma la massa è fritta. Licenziata.




Deutsche Welle. 2017-11-07. Court: Muslim boy must attend NRW school’s Catholic service

By refusing to hear the case, Germany’s Constitutional Court has ruled that a Muslim boy must attend religion classes and services at a state-funded Catholic school. Church and state are not always separated in Germany.

*

A newly published decision from March reveals that Germany’s Constitutional Court rejected a lawsuit by Muslim parents who wanted their son to be exempt from the religious teachings at a publicly funded Catholic school in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. According to the court, the boy’s parents did not make a strong enough argument for the judges to consider the case.

Underlining Germany’s sometimes porous boundary between church and state, the court has effectively affirmed the elementary school’s right to force non-Catholic students to attend religion classes and services.

The director of the school, who was not named in the ruling, told the parents that non-Catholic children could only attend the school if they signed a declaration confirming that their son would take part in religion classes and the school’s church services.

The Muslim family, identified in the ruling only by the initial S., lived just 150 meters (500 feet) from the school. The nearest non-confessional school is 3.3 kilometers (2 miles) away.

Religious neutrality?

NRW is the only state that still maintains publicly funded religious schools.

The court’s decision confirmed an NRW administrative court’s ruling that states are free to set up publicly funded schools administered by Germany’s two official Christian denominations: Catholics and Protestants. These schools are permitted to prefer students from their own religious faiths, but in practice they also give places to non-Christian children when they have space. On the other hand, Article 7 of Germany’s constitution, or Basic Law, states: “Parents and guardians shall have the right to decide whether children shall receive religious instruction.”

Michael Wrase, a public law professor at the University of Hildesheim and research fellow at the Berlin Social Science Center, thought the court’s decision was problematic. “This is something you could really argue a lot about,” he said, before pointing out the legal paradox: “The state is allowed to set up such schools even though it is obligated to maintain religious neutrality.”

“It’s absurd to force a Muslim child, or an atheist child, to take Catholic religion lessons,” he added. “For me that’s a major invasion of religious freedom — and I think the court is overlooking that completely in this case.”

Problem of history …

Hans Michael Heinig, a professor of church law at the University of Göttingen and the director of the legal institute of the Evangelical Church in Germany, said he understood the logic of the court’s decision.

“The argument of the court was quite convincing,” he said. “As long as there are religious schools, these schools should be allowed to defend the religious profile of the school, and religious instruction is an important marker of this.”

“And, as long as the pupil could go to another school, to a nondenominational school, the court said it is okay that it is forced to join the instruction of a religious school,” he added. “I think the legal case is okay.”

The political question is another matter. The constitutional argument that state governments, rather than the federal government, have a right to determine the school system, was designed to guard against Nazi-era centralized interference, though Heinig argues that maintaining publicly funded religious schools is now outdated.

The other problem is historical: In 1949, when the Basic Law came into force, nearly everyone in Germany was a declared member of one or other of the two formal Christian churches, and paid their church tax to the state — so it seemed only natural that the state should fund Christian schools. “At that time it was not really a problem to have denominational schools,” said Heinig.

… and political will

Heinig said political cowardice was in part to blame for the problems associated with public religious education in NRW: The Social Democrats, who governed Germany’s most populous state for many years, “didn’t want to have a conflict with the Catholic church in the state, so they didn’t touch this school system.”

This is in contrast, oddly enough, with Bavaria, which has a much larger Catholic population and is governed by the conservative Christian Social Union, but has a much more secularized school system. In many areas, officials enforce a strict separation of religion and government in schools: Eight of Germany’s 16 states have banned female teachers from wearing headscarves as part of their religious expression.

“It’s really out-of-date,” Heinig said of the situation in NRW. “But it’s not a legal problem; it’s a political problem. The government has to change the system there. It’s quite easy: I think there should not be public religious schools for one religion. There should be a school system for all religions — with religious instruction for those that are religious, but no obligation to join this instruction.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Tedeschi. Dopo un sano, accurato bombardamento iniziano a ragionare.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-09.

Berlin. Sowjetisches Ehrenmal - Treptower Park 001

«una donna senza figli non può essere capace di fare politica» [Frauke Petry]


I tedeschi sono un popolo semplice ma di durissima cervice.

Sono tutto tranne che scemi: soltanto che iniziano a ragionare solo dopo un bombardamento atomico oppure se presi per un congruo lasso di tempo a cannonate. Cannoni ovviamente di grosso calibro.

La débâcle del 24 settembre sarà iscritta negli annali: Spd ne esce quasi annientata e la Cdu con le ossa tutte rotte. Finalmente iniziano a pensare.

La Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel ne esce ridimensionata ad una femminuccia piccina piccina, capricciosa come un mocciosa viziata, incapace di valutare la realtà dei fatti. Una visionaria in sindrome postclimaterica.

Bene.

Adesso che i politici tedeschi sono stati ridimensionati a ciò che realmente erano, riprendono a ragionare.

Tutta la vecchia Weltanschauung delle Merkel sembrerebbe essere stata cacciata nel bidone dei rifiuti tossici.

Parole dure? Fate Voi.

*

Sono anni che noi, che non siamo tedeschi, rimpiangevamo i tempi nei quali i tedeschi si riconoscevano nell’Heimat.

L’Europa ha bisogno di tedeschi che siano, pensino ed agiscano da tedeschi, che chiudano la folle stagione illuminista ed idealista dialettica e storica.

Germania. Heimat risorta, viva e vegeta. Il perché di una vittoria.

Populismo. Cosa sia e come lo quantizzi il Populism Index (Epicentric)

Germania. I tedeschi rivogliono l’Heimat.

Germania. Conventio ad excludendum AfD. Heimat.

*

Adesso AfD in Sassonia vale il 27% ed ha conseguito 93 deputati al Bundestag: questo risultato è stato ottenuto perché si è presentato agli Elettori come l’unico partito politico che propugnava l’Heimat. Ed i tedeschi hanno capito e votato.

I giornalisti del Deutsche Welle, liberal e socialdemocratici di acciaio al vanadio hanno sempre demonizzato il concetto stesso di Heimat, traditori della loro tradizione.

Adesso ritornano, cercano di ritornare all’ovile, a caccia dei voti persi.

«Heimat is where we find meaning»

*

«The German term “Heimat,” often translated as “homeland,” was long thought of as tacky, regressive, and even politically dubious. But since the election, German politicians across the spectrum are using it once again.»

*

«But now German politicians of all stripes have begun to use the term, and they are trying to put it in a positive light.»

*

«For decades, politicians avoided using the term.»

*

«The social upheavals of the 1960s clearly defined such terminology as the wishful thinking of those who sought to forget the horrors of the first half of the twentieth century, preferring to avoid dealing with difficult issues such as guilt»

*

«But things are changing. When German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier delivered remarks at the ceremony celebrating German reunification on October 3, “Heimat” featured prominently»

*

«”Heimat” is not only something that is handed down, but rather also something that “can and must be actively created.”»

*

«In the aftermath of September’s federal elections, the center-right CDU and CSU seem to have concluded that more “Heimat” is the answer to the problem of their flagging popularity»

*

«CDU politician Mike Mohring of Thuringia has proposed a federal “Heimat Ministry”»

*

«Surprisingly, one politician that spoke openly and emotionally about the term “Heimat” was the the prominent Green Party politician Katrin Göring-Eckardt»

*

«Politics must formulate an idea, an idea of Heimat, an idea of identity»

* * * * * * *

Sintetizzando.

La storia insegna come nei momenti difficili, in quelli della prova severa, i popoli di conglutinano attorno alle loro tradizioni religiose, storiche, culturali, sociali ed artistiche.

Ed ora i partiti tradizionali tedeschi, rivalutando l’Heimat, hanno voltato le spalle a quella che Frau Merkel strombazzava come la propria scala valoriale. È l’ammissione di una sconfitta totale.

Qualcuno lo spieghi anche a Frau Merkel.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-10-09. ‘Heimat’ finds a homecoming in German politics

The German term “Heimat,” often translated as “homeland,” was long thought of as tacky, regressive, and even politically dubious. But since the election, German politicians across the spectrum are using it once again.

*

It makes sense that the far-right party Alternative for Germany (AfD) likes to use the term “Heimat,” as they did on their campagin posters. The party sees it as a bulwark against all things foreign: “Germany first — because we want to be able to call this country our ‘Heimat’ in the future.” And it is not surprising that the Christian Social Union (CSU), the conservative Bavarian sister party of Angela Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union (CDU), would evoke lederhosen and beer as the essence of ‘Heimat’ in its election campaigns. But now German politicians of all stripes have begun to use the term, and they are trying to put it in a positive light.

That was not always the case. For decades, politicians avoided using the term. Its image seemed irreparably tarnished by associations with concepts from Germany’s Nazi past and the era of longing for better days that followed the Second World War. The social upheavals of the 1960s clearly defined such terminology as the wishful thinking of those who sought to forget the horrors of the first half of the twentieth century, preferring to avoid dealing with difficult issues such as guilt. Historically, the term Heimat is also much more emotionally charged than its English translation “homeland,” or its French equivalent “patrie.” Edoardo Costadura, a professor of romance languages at the University of Jena says, “When a French person says ‘patrie,’ or ‘pays,’ they are referring to a place, not an ideal.”   

But things are changing. When German Federal President Frank-Walter Steinmeier delivered remarks at the ceremony celebrating German reunification on October 3, “Heimat” featured prominently. In the speech, Steinmeier said that many people cannot understand today’s world and yearn for “Heimat.” He even went so far as to define the term: “To understand and be understood, that is Heimat.” Or, more philosophically: “Heimat is where we find meaning.”

Heimat debate among The Greens

In the aftermath ofSeptember’s federal elections, the center-right CDU and CSU seem to have concluded that more “Heimat” is the answer to the problem of their flagging popularity. CDU politician Mike Mohring of Thuringia has proposed a federal “Heimat Ministry” to deal with issues facing Germany’s rural areas. Mohring told the Berliner Zeitung newspaper, “It would be a good answer to the concerns of citizens that feel they have been left behind, both in the East and the West.” The states of Bavaria and North Rhine-Westphalia already have such ministries.

But rural development just addresses the technical side of the issue. Surprisingly, one politician that spoke openly and emotionally about the term “Heimat” was the the prominent Green Party politician Katrin Göring-Eckardt. “We love this country. It is our Heimat. And we will fight for this Heimat,” she said at her party’s convention in Berlin.

The Greens and love of “Heimat”? That is a highly unusual stance considering the anti-establishment roots of the party’s early days, which can be traced back to the student protests of the late 1960s and the rise of the so-called New Left. It did not take long before criticism was voiced from within the party. Göring-Eckardt’s colleague Laura Dornheim soon tweeted: “Feel the need to distance myself from the term ‘Heimat’ and especially ‘love’ for any ‘country.'”

Yet the term “Heimat” is no longer taboo among the Greens. Former party boss Reinhard Bütikofer, for instance, pointed to the electoral success that Austrian federal presidential candidate Alexander Van der Bellen — also a Green — had in using the term “Heimat” in his country’s presidential elections last year. And Robert Habeck, Schleswig-Holstein’s agricultural minister and a politician that many think has a bright future on the federal level, said: “Politics must formulate an idea, an idea of Heimat, an idea of identity.”

The global village as ‘mirage’

But is “Heimat” even a political category? Several years ago, the opinion polling institute Emnid conducted a survey on the topic. In it, most Germans associated the term Heimat with family, intimacy and a feeling of security. “Germany” appeared much further down the list of things that respondents associated with “Heimat.” Cultural scientist Hermann Bausinger, for instance, has defined “Heimat” as “Immediate surroundings that are comprehensible and transparent.” And sociologist Heinz Bude sees it thus: “People want to be grounded in something, they want to have a point of origin, something that is not constantly being called into question.”

When people long for “Heimat,” it appears that they see it as being under threat. “To speak of Heimat these days means, above all, to speak about the threat of losing it,” wrote author Christian Schüle in his book “Heimat. A Phantom Pain.” German Federal Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere (CDU) also invoked a sense of loss when he shared his thoughts on “Leitkultur” (leading culture), another German term that has caused frequent debate. “We no longer know who we are, nor who we want to be,” the minister said.

In September, University of Jena professor Costadura organized an international conference under the banner, ” Heimat — a problem of the globalized world?” Costadura explained to Deutsche Welle why individuals develop a longing for “Heimat”: “People may well have gotten the impression that the world has become a village, but they don’t want to live in that village.” For that reason, he says, the idea of a global village has become a mirage for many.

‘Heimat’: a malleable idea

In his October 3 speech, President Steinmeier warned, We must not let those who construe Heimat in terms of ‘us against them’ have a monopoly on the longing for Heimat. They cling to idiotic blood and soil ideologies…” Blood and soil was a term used by German National Socialists, and the Nazi concept of “Heimat” was defined as a place reserved for a select segment of the country’s citizenry, namely those who could prove their Aryan heritage.

The Green’s Göring-Eckardt is also keen to protect her own love of “Heimat” against those on the political right with other concepts of the term. The newspaper Tageszeitung recently wrote that she is proposing an open understanding of “Heimat,” one that is “directly opposed to right-wing Heimat protection propaganda.” But if “Heimat” is indeed something related to a feeling of familiarity, does it not then automatically exclude others, those who are not familiar?

Professor Costadura says that the concept of “Heimat” has been used to exclude certain groups or individuals in the past and that it is, in part, being used to do so today. But he adds that it does not have to be like this.

“When you detach Heimat from origin, from a traditional rootedness within a culture or ethnic group, and instead imagine it as something that is open, something that can be shared with others that are not of the same origins,” then it can have a positive effect. He says making that happen is a task for politicians. According to Costadura, “Heimat” is not only something that is handed down, but rather also something that “can and must be actively created.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

North Rhine-Westphalia. Cdu 34.5% (+8%), Spd 30.5% (-9%)

Giuseppe Sandro Mela

2017-05-14.

Reni Guido. San Michele Arcangelo schiaccia satana. 1636

Questi sono gli exit poll alle ore 18.00.

Sono dati ancora parziali.

La socialdemocrazia riceve una strabiliante bocciatura.

L’Europa potrebbe svegliarsi domani, a dati definitivi, completamente mutata.

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«German Chancellor Angela Merkel conservative Christian Democrats (CDU) won 34.5 percent of the vote in North Rhine-Westphalia’s state election on Sunday, initial exit polls showed.

The polls showed the SPD coming in second, garnering 30.5 percent of the vote in its stronghold state.

The business-friendly Free Democratic Party (FDP) came in third, taking 12 percent of the vote.

The populist AfD will also enter North Rhine-Westphalia’s parliament for the first time, picking up 7.5 percent.

The Green party, currently in a ruling coalition with the SPD, took a massive hit, dropping down to 6 percent.

The Left party eked out 5 percent of the vote, just clearing the hurdle to remain in the state parliament.

Voter turnout was markedly higher than four years prior, officials said, with 65.6 percent turning out to cast their ballots.» [Fonte]

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Europea, Persona Umana

Germania. La polizia islamica di Wuppertal rinviata a giudizio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-05-09.

2016-05-09__Sharia-Police__001

 Germania di oggi:

«Sharia Controlled Zone.».

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«The western state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) is widely regarded as a hotspot for fundamentalist Islam in Germany.»

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«A number of high-profile German ‘foreign fighters’ who have joined Isis in Iraq or Syria came from the country’s most densely populated region.»

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«[Isis] calls on young people in NRW in a targeted way to join their fighters and help erect a so-called holy state»

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Il Land Nordrhein-Westfalen andrà alle urne il 14 maggio 2017, subito dopo le elezioni nei Länder Saarland e Schleswig-Holstein: nelle ultime elezioni del 2012 l’Spd aveva conseguito il 39.1%. Sulla base delle più recenti proiezioni, l’Spd dovrebbe perdere dieci punti percentuali, mentre la Cdu dovrebbe incrementare di sei punti percentuali: AfD otterrebbe il 9% dei voti.

È sempre stato una siniscalchia socialdemocratica.

Nella cittadina di Wuppertal è presente una numerosa popolazioni immigrata, quasi completamente di religione islamica di tendenza salafita, che gli scorsi anni aveva organizzato delle ronde di “Sharia police”, con lo scopo dichiarato di moralizzare le vie cittadine.

«The Salafists, who are all aged between 24 and 35, first made headlines in September 2014 after they patrolled the streets of Wuppertal, in Germany’s western industrial Ruhr region, in an attempt to enforce a strict interpretation of Islam.»

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«Wearing orange vests, emblazoned with the words “Shariah police,” the defendants allegedly demanded people at nightclubs stop drinking alcohol and listening to music»

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«The bearded fundamentalists were also observed calling for an end to gambling as they carried notices, in English, declaring a “Sharia Controlled Zone.”»

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2016-05-09__Sharia-Police__002

La polizia locale alla fine li fermò, ed il caso divenne immediatamente nazionale.

«Wuppertal Police Chief Birgitta Rademacher said: “Intimidation or provocation won’t be tolerated,” adding that only police appointed and employed by the state had the legitimate right to act as police in Germany»

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«”Sharia law is not tolerated on German soil,” Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere»

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Portati in Tribunale di primo grado, i fondamentalisti furono prosciolti, come quasi invariabilmente avviene quando il Magistrato è “vicino” all’Spd e massimamente è femmina.

«A Wuppertal district court had dismissed the case»

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Inevitabile il ricorso in appello.

«A German court has ruled that a group of Islamic extremists who patrolled the streets of Wuppertal in orange vests, bearing the words “Sharia police” can be tried»

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La giustizia tedesca farà il suo decorso, e l’unica cosa che possiamo fare è augurarci che svolga il suo compito con sereno equilibrio, applicando le leggi dello stato.

Si rimane però molto perplessi nel considerare come nella civilissima Germania un’enclave abbia potuto organizzare una sua propria polizia e farla agire per un così lungo lasso di tempo. Qui non è materia di religione, siano essi mussulmani o credenti nella Dea Balì oppure atei professi, né di etnia o lingua madre.

Qui il problema è se dei privati cittadini possano o meno organizzarsi in ronde ed applicare un criterio legislativo differente da quello ufficiale dello stato stesso.

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2016-05-09__Sharia-Police__102

Né si potrebbe sottacere che, nel caso specifico, sia stato possibile per lungo tempo organizzare ronde di poliziotti islamici con la più totale connivenza delle forze dell’ordine e dei politici locali che, anzi, ne andavano fieri ed orgogliosi.

Verrebbe quasi da pensare che proiezioni elettorali con perdita di dieci punti percentuali abbia fatto cambiare idea alla dirigenza locale socialdemocratica.

Il problema non sono gli islamici: il problema sono i socialdemocratici che li hanno fatti venire ed hanno concesso loro, se non patrocinato ed istigati, a perpetrare ogni sorta di licenza, fino a quella di sostituirsi alle forze di polizia.

2016-05-09__Sharia-Police__101 

Deutsche Welle. 2016-05-08. ‘Sharia police’ who patrolled German city of Wuppertal in orange vests to face trial

A German court has ruled that a group of Islamic extremists who patrolled the streets of Wuppertal in orange vests, bearing the words “Sharia police” can be tried. A Wuppertal district court had dismissed the case.

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Düsseldorf state court said on Tuesday that eight of the nine accused men can face trial on the grounds of “violating laws against wearing uniforms with political messages.”

The decision overturned a ruling by Wuppertal district court last December, in which the judge said the behavior of accused Islamist preacher Sven Lau did not amount to a “criminal violation of the ban on uniforms.” The decision sparked controversy in Germany and led to an appeal by prosecutors. The latest ruling by the Court of Appeal cannot be overturned.

Lau, who is widely regarded as a leading figure in the German Salafist scene, was also indicted by federal prosecutors last month on suspicion of supporting a terror group linked to the self-declared “Islamic State” (IS) in Syria.

City patrols to enforce Islamist ideals

The Salafists, who are all aged between 24 and 35, first made headlines in September 2014 after they patrolled the streets of Wuppertal, in Germany’s western industrial Ruhr region, in an attempt to enforce a strict interpretation of Islam.

Wearing orange vests, emblazoned with the words “Shariah police,” the defendants allegedly demanded people at nightclubs stop drinking alcohol and listening to music.

The bearded fundamentalists were also observed calling for an end to gambling as they carried notices, in English, declaring a “Sharia Controlled Zone.”

NRW popular state for Salafists

At the time of the reports, German Chancellor Angela Merkel commented that no one had the right to do the police’s work for them.

Wuppertal Police Chief Birgitta Rademacher said: “Intimidation or provocation won’t be tolerated,” adding that only police appointed and employed by the state had the legitimate right to act as police in Germany.

Germany has seen a growing Salafist population in recent years, especially in the western state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW), where there are currently an estimated 1,800 followers of the ultra-conservative branch of Islam. Wuppertal is Germany’s most popular city for Salafists, who preach a very conservative interpretation of Islam and reject any form of democracy.

 

The Local. 2015-09-02. Islamist vigilantes face trial for ‘Sharia police’

State prosecutors in the Ruhr city of Wuppertal said on Tuesday that they have brought charges against notorious Islamic fundamentalist Sven Lau, who was behind a short-lived ‘Sharia police’ vigilante force in the city.

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Lau, 34, is accused – with nine others – of infractions against the law on freedom of assembly over the group of high-vis-vest-wearing Islamists who declared that they would patrol the streets to police morals last September.

The German convert to Islam and leading fundamentalist preacher had declared himself to be one of the leaders of the group in a video published online.

Eleven of the group’s members were prosecuted for unlawful assembly and wearing illegal uniforms in public shortly before Lau announced that he would re-brand his organization ‘Pro Halal’.

But his actions had already created national outrage and prompted politicians to declare any system of parallel justice to be beyond the pale.

“Sharia law is not tolerated on German soil,” Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere said at the time.

Hotspot for fundamentalism

The western state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) is widely regarded as a hotspot for fundamentalist Islam in Germany.

A number of high-profile German ‘foreign fighters’ who have joined Isis in Iraq or Syria came from the country’s most densely populated region.

“[Isis] calls on young people in NRW in a targeted way to join their fighters and help erect a so-called holy state,” state interior minister Ralf Jäger wrote in a brochure titled Salafism as Youth Culture.

And a trial began last September against a group of four Salafists (fundamentalist Sunni Muslims) accused of planting a bomb at the central station in Bonn.

Last year’s annual report from the state branch of the Office for the Protection of the Constitution (VS) found that “the risk in the area of Islamic-motivated extremism in NRW dramatically spiked in 2014”.

VS agents were tracking more than 160 people in the state in January 2015, when the report was written.

But in their zeal to defend against extremism, some politicians in the state have offended ordinary Muslims – for example, by trying to ‘counter’ handouts of free Korans by handing out copies of the German Constitution on the same day earlier this year.