Giuseppe Sandro Mela
Il Brexit non è stato un evento economico: è stato un evento politico, ed anche di vasta portata.
L’establishment aveva cercato di ignorare e di demonizzare chiunque non avesse condiviso la propria Weltanschauung, sia in campo etico e morale, sia in campo politico, sia in campo sociale, sia in campo economico, sia infine come soppressione spesso violenta delle tradizioni storiche e religiose nazionali.
Questo modo di agire ha esitato in una crescita sempre più tumultuosa del dissenso, del desiderio di ricostituire l’Unione Europea con base e dirigenze totalmente differenti. Crescita che alla fine ha portato gli eurocritici a conquistarsi la maggioranza elettorale, come nel Regno Unito ed in Austria.
L’effetto domino altro non è che la logica conseguenza del Brexit.
«It’s not a tragedy, it’s reality and the remaining 27 member states must react quickly»
«It would be a big mistake if the reaction of the 27 countries was the same as the policy of the EU has been so far»
«“the giant part” of people in Europe refuse the migration policy of the EU and is discontented with the economic policy too»
«It’s up to us to say that the fundamental policies of the EU must go through fundamental changes»
«It is necessary to change the ruling coalition in France to carry out such referendum. It will be possible if National Front achieves success at the coming parliamentary elections. The same is in Germany. A victory of the Alternative for Germany movement is needed to conduct alike referendum»
«demands for referendums were made in the Netherlands, France, Denmark and Sweden»
Sarà un anno di consistenti mutamenti.
A giorni dovrà pronunciarsi la Suprema Corte Austriaca sui presunti brogli nelle elezioni presidenziali.
A settembre si voterà a Berlino e nel Land Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, ove Cdu ed Spd dovrebbero prendere una lezione così severa che potrebbe portare anche alla caduta del Governo tedesco.
On ogni caso, a novembre usciranno di scena Mr, Obama, nel marzo prossimo Mr. Hollande ed ad ottobre la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel.
→ The Slovak Spectator. 2016-26-25. Slovakia on Brexit: Challenge for presidency
European people refuse migration and economic policy of the EU, fundamental change needed, says Fico.
“It’s not a tragedy, it’s reality and the remaining 27 member states must react quickly,” Prime Minister Robert Fico said in his first reaction to the results of the Brexit referendum.
After the results of the referendum were confirmed on Friday morning, making it clear that the UK is set to leave the European Union after decades of membership, reactions started pouring in from Slovak politicians. Most of them spoke along the same lines as the prime minister urging that a calm and timely reaction is needed. They say they respect, but do not welcome the result.
“We respect and regret their decision,” Ivan Korčok, the Foreign Ministry’s state secretary, tweeted, and called on UK representatives to “speak clearly on further steps.
Tough call for Slovak presidency
Prime Minister Robert Fico reiterated that the Slovak government respects the decision of the British voters and said that no comments were necessary. Timely reaction is needed now.
“It would be a big mistake if the reaction of the 27 countries was the same as the policy of the EU has been so far,” Fico said, as quoted by the TASR newswire.
Fico stressed that “the giant part” of people in Europe refuse the migration policy of the EU and is discontented with the economic policy too.
“It’s up to us to say that the fundamental policies of the EU must go through fundamental changes,” Fico said.
As the prime minister of the soon-to-be presiding country of the EU he offered to launch an informal discussion on the future of Europe with his European partners. He believes “a more attractive approach to topics that are perceived negatively” is needed.
Fico called on the opposition to “stop destruction and hate” against his government that is now facing tough tasks ahead of the presidency and in the aftermath of the vote.
It is very important that Slovakia handles its presidency well, the coalition Most-Híd wrote in its official statement.
“No other presiding country has ever faced such a tough task,” the statement reads. Every politician in Slovakia will be responsible “so that we manage the next six months in a way that the EU doesn’t lose even more”.
Timely follow-up expected
Smer MP and head of the parliamentary European affairs committee Ľuboš Blaha sees three risks that Brexit might bring for Slovakia. Firstly, it might affect Slovak nationals who live and work in the EU and “might become second-class citizens”. Secondly, Slovakia will lose an ally in the issue of migration and refugee quotas. And thirdly, similar referendums might be initiated as a result of the British vote, in France, the Netherlands, or Denmark, he told the SITA newswire.
At the same time, Blaha stressed that it is much more probable that the UK’s departure will strengthen federalist forces within the EU “that have been long blocked by the UK”.
As the presiding country Slovakia must make sure that the main issues around the Brexit should be clear as soon as possible, Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (OĽaNO) MP Veronika Remišová said for the SITA newswire.
“Nothing is worse than uncertainty, particularly for our people living and working in the UK,” she said, adding she hopes the freedom of movement will be preserved “even though it is in contrast with the referendum promises in Britain”.
Slovakia as the presiding country will also face the challenge to initiate discussion on how the EU should be reformed in order to be able to respond to the current problems better.
“It would be a shame if we returned to mutual competition and hostility,” the MP said and opined that this could make Europe “a victim of the ever-stronger China and Russia”.
Former government minister Ivan Mikloš, who currently serves as an advisor to the Ukrainian government, said the referendum result was a surprise and a cause for concern.
“It’s a step back and into the unknown,” he said, as quoted by the TASR newswire. He stressed the EU should focus its efforts to prevent any threats to European integration and the common market.
Mikloš deems the referendum result a challenge for the Slovak presidency, as it will play a major role in the talks that will follow the Brexit decision.
A well-functioning EU is in the vital interest of Slovakia, three independent MPs Miroslav Beblavý, Katarína Macháčková, and Simona Petrík wrote in a joint statement as quoted by SITA.
“Therefore Slovakia should do everything so that its presidency contributes to successfully overcome the consequences of the British referendum results, but also to the wider solution of the European crisis,” the statement reads.
Sas: Black day for Europe
Today is a black day for Europe, the foreign policy expert of the opposition Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) Martin Klus said as quoted by the TASR newswire. He went on talking about the loss of trust in the European integration among the population, which he called “very dangerous”.
The decision of the Brits to exit the EU opens a “new era of the European project, an era that bears the colours of disintegration, potential increase of separatist tendencies in member states and a number of economic questions”.
SaS, whose leader Richard Sulík is known for his eurosceptic views, respects the decision of the voters but deems the result very serious and a warning against attempts to speed up European centralisation “that annoys significant part of the population”.
Some European politicians have already announced they would attempt similar referendums in their respective countries, which is bad news for the Slovak presidency, Klus said.
“The British referendum will doubtless be the number one topic [of the presidency],” he said, as quoted by TASR.
Anti-system forces rejoice
Meanwhile, the anti-system parliamentary opposition movement Sme Rodina’s head Boris Kollár in a video statement applauded the results of the referendum and congratulated the UK on the decision to exit the EU. He labelled it an act of patriotism and pride.
→ Pravda. 2016-26-25. Czechia, Hungary, Slovakia, and Greece are ready to leave EU.
A referendum on leaving the EU has taken place in Great Britain, where the Brexit supporters gained victory. 52% of the British are reported to have voted for exit. Petr Iskenderov, senior fellow at the Institute of Slavic Studies, told Pravda.Ru about consequences Britain and the whole world face after Brexit.
How will the changed power balance influence the EU?
First of all, it should be noted that it will happen not immediately, as the parties should implement a number of legal procedures, which will regulate further relationship between London and Brussels. But the consequences will certainly take place. First, eurosceptic mood will strengthen in other EU countries and the same campaigns on organization of such referendums may be expected in Central and Eastern Europe, in particular in the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia, as well as in the Mediterranean, Greece first of all. Second, we can expect yet another referendum in Scotland, as it voted for remain of Great Britain in the EU, and leaders of movement for Scotland’s independence have already declared that they would initiate a second referendum on leaving Britain. Third, there will be change of power balance in foreign policy. Positions of adherents of hard policy towards Russia will evidently weaken, as the Scandinavian countries, the Baltics and Poland were guided namely by Great Britain and the PM Cameron, who declared about his intention to leave.
Which will be the results in countries, where such referendums would take place? In France, in the Netherlands?
It is necessary to change the ruling coalition in France to carry out such referendum. It will be possible if National Front achieves success at the coming parliamentary elections. The same is in Germany. A victory of the Alternative for Germany movement is needed to conduct alike referendum. However in Central and Eastern Europe, as well as in Greece, one can carry out referendums under current political conditions, and victory of those who support exit from the EU is possible.
Will there be serious economic consequences for the world and Russia after Brexit?
Certainly, yes. First of all it will lead to redistribution of power and reformatting of all the global financial markets. Shares of the British and other European companies will have losses. The American dollar and Japanese yen will benefit as most advantageous and sustainable items for investments. The American fund market will undoubtedly win along with the American treasury obligation. What about Russia, it will neither lose nor win significantly in financial and economic fields. As Russia’s relations with Europe and Great Britain are not at the highest level now. What is more, Russian economy is pegged more to oil prices rather than fund markets or any other indices. Uncertain, undetermined situation at the fund markets may push oil prices up. Thus, Russia will find itself in a neutral zone. In any case, Russia will have no major losses. Even if rouble drops a little bit, it will maintain its parity towards dollar.
→ Deutsche Welle. 2016-26-25. Slovakia anti-immigrant party seeks referendum on EU membership withdrawal
Anti-immigrant party Our Slovakia wants out of the EU and intends to gather signatures to trigger a referendum on the issue. The party took 8 percent of the parliamentary election vote in March.
On the heels of the UK’s vote to withdraw from the European Union, the far-right Our Slovakia People’s Party (LSNS) has announced that it will begin collecting signatures next week to set up a referendum for the country to do the same.
“It is high time Slovakia, too, left this sinking European Titanic” said party leader Marian Kotleba on Saturday. The party holds 14 seats in Slovakia’s 150-seat parliament.
Slovakia’s Prime Minister Robert Fico (photo), whose center-left coalition controls the country’s parliament, called for opposition members to act responsibly on the issue.
“Destruction and hatred don’t lead anywhere,” said Fico, who is also the leader of the party Direction – Social Democracy (Smer SD).
He went on to call for changes within the EU, however, saying, “A huge proportion of the people in Europe reject the EU’s migration policy, and they are dissatisfied with the Union’s economic policy.”
Entering parliament on an anti-immigrant platform
Our Slovakia joined the opposition after winning more than 8 percent of the vote in Slovakia’s parliamentary elections in early March.
The success of the party, which campaigned on a staunchly anti-immigrant platform, shocked many in the country.
But Kotleba says that he has a responsibility to the people of Slovakia: “Therefore we will start making good on our election promise on Monday – we will start collecting signatures to call for a referendum on Slovakia’s departure from the EU.”
Slovakia, which has a population of 5.4 million, requires that petitions have at least 350,000 signatures to trigger a referendum. The results of a referendum are legally binding if more than 50 percent of eligible voters cast ballots.
In the 2003 referendum to join the EU, an overwhelming 92.5 percent of the 52 percent who voted checked the “join” box. It was the only successful referendum in the country to date.
Euroskeptics see their chance
Our Slovakia is one of a number of far-right and anti-immigrant parties around Europe calling for EU-membership withdrawal referendums. Shortly after the UK vote and the resignation announcement of British Prime David Cameron, demands for referendums were made in the Netherlands, France, Denmark and Sweden. The Italian 5-Star Movement (M5S) has said that it will put forth a proposal to vote on the euro.
Anti-immigrant politician Geert Wilders of the Dutch Freedom Party (PVV) said that he would make a referendum the centerpiece of his campaign to become the country’s prime minister in next year’s parliamentary elections.
Both France’s far-right Front National (FN), and the anti-immigrant Danish People’s Party (DF), an ally of that country’s right-leaning government, have said they will do the same.
Although a Focus opinion poll published last week found that 62.1 percent of Slovaks would vote to remain in the EU and only 22.6 would vote to leave, the move nevertheless comes at an inopportune time for Prime Minister Fico.
Slovakia, which joined the EU in 2004 and the eurozone in 2009, is set to take over the rotating EU presidency from the Netherlands on July 1.