Il numero dei pensionati tedeschi che dovrebbe vivere con 905 euro al mese sta crescendo di giorno in giorno e si avvia a diventare il 21.6% della popolazione.
In questa categoria ricadono i lavoratori non qualificati ed i single, per lo più femmine.
Nemesi si beffa di questa società femminista: sai che bel sugo passare giovinezza e maturità facendo ciò che aggrada e poi subire decenni di miseria.
Respireranno, forse, aria pulita, ma sfamarsi con 905 euro al mese è impresa improba.
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«Financial problems in old-age are a worry for the majority of Germans.»
«A study by the Ernst & Young consulting company published at the start of 2019, found more than half of all Germans have a fear of living in poverty later in life.»
«A total of 56 percent of respondents said they were very or slightly scared of financial insecurity in old age, an 18 percent jump from 2017.»
«More than every fifth pensioner in Germany will face financial insecurity in the next 20 years, according to a new study»
«The proportion of pensioners at risk of poverty could rise from 16.8 to 21.6 percent»
«Groups particularly affected are low-skilled workers, single people – especially women – and people who’ve experienced long periods of unemployment»
«Schiller called for reform of the pensions system»
«Eastern German pensioners will have to cope with a particularly severe increase. The number of pensioners dependent on the state in eastern regions is currently a fairly low 6.5 percent …. But it could almost double to just under 12 percent by 2039»
«Precarious employment, part-time work, fixed-term contracts and breaks in working life for mothers can lead to financial struggles later in life»
«The current research uses data from 2018 that shows there are 31 people aged 67 and over in every 100 people of working age – and this could rise to 47 after the baby boomers enter retirement in 2038»
«Someone in Germany is generally deemed to be living in poverty if they live in a household with an income below 60 per cent of the current median (or typical) household income, although other factors are taken into account. According to the study, these are people whose monthly net income is less than €905»
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Il problema tedesco è riassunto molto bene da due articoli usciti di recente.
«All this begs the question – who will pay for us all when we’re older if there aren’t enough people to contribute to the social security system?»
«As a care crisis looms, Health Minister Jens Spahn thinks people without children should contribute more to the German social security system»
«In the pay-as-you-go system, the elderly receive money from young people – even if they are the children of others»
«Currently, there is no difference in the amount of pension tax (Rentenversicherung) that people pay, but there’s a clause which means people without kids already pay slightly more to the Pflegeversicherung»
«Around 1.6 million people work in the care sector in Germany. But almost 40,000 jobs are unfilled — and demand is growing due to an ageing population. What happens now?
Better pay, lighter workloads and more trainees: that’s how the government hopes to plug a huge vacancy gap in Germany’s crisis-hit care sector.
There are almost 40,000 unfilled nursing care positions throughout the country. The issue is particularly urgent because the number of people who need care in Germany is expected to rise significantly in the coming decades: from the 3.3 million counted in 2017, to four million by 2030, and 5.3 million by 2050, according to estimates by authorities.
Why? Because German society is getting older and that means there’s going to be a bigger burden on care services, which are already struggling to cope. At the other end of the scale, people are having less babies, although family friendly policies, like paid parental leave, do seem to be having a positive impact on the birth rate.»
«As a care crisis looms, Health Minister Jens Spahn thinks people without children should contribute more to the German social security system. We spoke to an expert to find out why and what it all means.
We’ve all been there: the first time you open your payslip in Germany can come as quite a shock. Why? Well, because a big chunk of your wages is taken away in the form of tax and social security contributions.
This is, of course, a good thing in many ways because it should (hopefully) mean that we live in a country with good public services and that we’ll be provided with excellent health care when we need it, a pension in future and long term nursing care.
But there are problems ahead.
German society is getting older and that means there’s going to be a bigger burden on care services, which are already struggling to cope. At the other end of the scale, people are having less babies, although family friendly policies, like paid parental leave, do seem to be having a positive impact on the birth rate.
All this begs the question – who will pay for us all when we’re older if there aren’t enough people to contribute to the social security system?
Spahn, a politician who is vying to replace Angela Merkel as head of the centre-right Christian Democrats (CDU) when she steps down in December, last week tried to tackle this issue, which resulted in a bit of a frenzy across German media.
In an editorial piece for the daily Südwest Presse newspaper, All this begs the question – who will pay for us all when we’re older if there aren’t enough people to contribute to the social security system?
In an editorial piece for the daily Südwest Presse newspaper, Spahn said people who don’t have children should pay more towards care and pension insurance than parents do. He also said the current system was unsustainable.
Spahn said that 3.3 million people currently receive long-term care insurance (Pflegeversicherung) benefits, 1.7 million people already live with dementia and 300,000 more are diagnosed every year, adding that the task to deal with it all is “growing”.
“In the pay-as-you-go system, the elderly receive money from young people – even if they are the children of others,” Spahn said.
Currently, there is no difference in the amount of pension tax (Rentenversicherung) that people pay, but there’s a clause which means people without kids already pay slightly more to the Pflegeversicherung.
Those without children between the ages of 23 and 64 contribute 0.25 percentage points more towards long -term care insurance than parents do.»
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Adesso i quarantenni se la ridano pure di cuore. Tra venticinque anni non rideranno più. Saranno trattati per come hanno trattato.
More than every fifth pensioner in Germany will face financial insecurity in the next 20 years, according to a new study.
The proportion of pensioners at risk of poverty could rise from 16.8 to 21.6 percent by 2039, according to research published on Thursday by the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) on behalf of the Bertelsmann Stiftung.
That’s the case even if the economy remains in good shape, researchers say. Groups particularly affected are low-skilled workers, single people – especially women – and people who’ve experienced long periods of unemployment.
Christof Schiller, head of the study, said: “Even if the labour market develops positively, we must expect a significant increase in poverty among the elderly in the next 20 years.”
Schiller called for reform of the pensions system.
Someone in Germany is generally deemed to be living in poverty if they live in a household with an income below 60 per cent of the current median (or typical) household income, although other factors are taken into account. According to the study, these are people whose monthly net income is less than €905.
The proportion of pensioners who are dependent on the state to secure their livelihood could rise from the current nine percent to just under 12 percent by 2039.
The DIW study found eastern German pensioners will have to cope with a particularly severe increase. The number of pensioners dependent on the state in eastern regions is currently a fairly low 6.5 percent – probably as a result of higher female employment during the GDR era. But it could almost double to just under 12 percent by 2039.
What are the reasons for old-age poverty?
Precarious employment, part-time work, fixed-term contracts and breaks in working life for mothers can lead to financial struggles later in life.
The pension system is also under pressure as the population gets older. The current research uses data from 2018 that shows there are 31 people aged 67 and over in every 100 people of working age – and this could rise to 47 after the baby boomers enter retirement in 2038.
The study lays bare the problems that lie ahead. Social security and how to deal with an ageing population are high on the agenda of Germany’s ruling coalition, made up of the centre-right Christian Democrats (CDU/CSU) and the centre-left Social Democrats (SPD).
Earlier this year, Labour Minister Hubertus Heil, of the SPD, presented his plan on introducing a basic pension (Grundrente) in Germany. It would see people who have clocked up 35 years of work, raised children or cared for relatives receive a supplement to their pension. It is intended to help those who receive a small pension.
But the Union is opposed to the basic pension being paid if the person concerned is not in need – for example, if that person has a partner with a good income who can support them. However, Heil insists on the model without means testing to avoid bureaucracy.
According to the study authors, the coalition plans, even without means testing, would not be “sufficiently targeted” to help those in need.
If implemented, the plans would limit the poverty risk rate to 18.4 percent by 2039, but many people would still fall through the net.
Schiller suggested adding a simple income test to Heil’s plans, which would ensure that only low-income households are taken into account, but would keep the administrative burden low.
He also said there should be more flexibility, which could help pensioners whose working lives have been interrupted by longer breaks in employment.
The report is primarily based on data from a representative survey of the German resident population (SOEP) conducted annually since 1984.
Financial problems in old-age are a worry for the majority of Germans.
Chiunque voglia imparare quelle frasi tedesche che gli insegnanti si genano ad insegnare potrebbe fermarsi a fare quattro chiacchiere con una di quelle vecchiette che ravattano nei cassonetti alla ricerca di qualcosa di ancora commestibile.
Frasi del tutto colorite, spesso espresse in forme dialettali, ma facilmente comprensibili se non altro dal tono con cui sono proferite.
«Millionen Altersrentner bekommen in Deutschland so wenig ausgezahlt, dass sie kurz vor der Armut stehen. Das Problem wird sich weiter verschärfen.»
“Milioni di pensionati di vecchiaia in Germania sono pagati così poco che sono sull’orlo della povertà. Il problema è destinato a peggiorare”
«Mehr als jede zweite Rente liegt unter 900 Euro»
“Più di una pensione su due è inferiore a 900 euro”
«Danach haben 51,4 Prozent der Altersrentner im Jahr 2018 weniger als 900 Euro erhalten. Das seien mehr als 9,3 Millionen Menschen gewesen. 58,6 Prozent der Rentner bekamen demnach weniger als 1.000 Euro.»
“Il 51,4% dei pensionati di vecchiaia ha ricevuto meno di 900 euro al mese nel 2018. Erano più di 9.3 milioni di persone. Il 58.6 per cento dei pensionati ha ricevuto meno di 1.000 euro”
«Die Armutsgefährdungsschwelle für eine Person lag im Jahr 2017 bei 999 Euro im Monat, schreibt die Bundesregierung weiter»
“La soglia di rischio di povertà per una persona era di 999 euro al mese nel 2017, continua il governo federale”
«Die Armutsquote bei Über-65-Jährigen liegt nach den Angaben bei 14,6 Prozent, bei der Bevölkerung insgesamt beträgt sie 15,8 Prozent»
“Il tasso di povertà per le persone di età superiore ai 65 anni è del 14.6% e del 15.8% per l’intera popolazione”
« Die Zahl der Empfänger von Grundsicherung im Alter ist von 2017 auf 2018 von 544.090 auf 559.419 gestiegen.»
“Il numero di beneficiari dell’assicurazione di base per la vecchiaia è passato da 544,090 nel 2017 a 559,419 nel 2018”
Millionen Altersrentner bekommen in Deutschland so wenig ausgezahlt, dass sie kurz vor der Armut stehen. Das Problem wird sich weiter verschärfen.
Berlin. Mehr als jede zweite Rente liegt unter 900 Euro. Das geht aus einer Antwort der Bundesregierung auf eine Anfrage der Linksfraktion hervor, die dem epd vorliegt. Danach haben 51,4 Prozent der Altersrentner im Jahr 2018 weniger als 900 Euro erhalten. Das seien mehr als 9,3 Millionen Menschen gewesen. 58,6 Prozent der Rentner bekamen demnach weniger als 1.000 Euro. Zuerst hatte darüber das “RedaktionsNetzwerk Deutschland” berichtet.
Die genannten Rentendaten beziehen sich den Angaben zufolge auf die Rentenzahlbeträge, also auf den Betrag der Rente nach dem Abzug von Sozialbeiträgen und vor dem Abzug von Steuern. Die Linken-Bundestagsabgeordnete Sabine Zimmermann erklärte: “Es lässt sich schlicht nicht leugnen, dass die gesetzliche Rente nicht mehr armutsfest ist.” Viele kämen nur deshalb über die Runden, weil sie sich gezwungenermaßen zur Rente etwas hinzuverdienten. Das Problem werde sich verschärfen, denn auch gute Betriebsrenten und die Absicherung über den Ehepartner würden seltener werden, sagte die Vorsitzende des Seniorenausschusses im Bundestag.
Die Bundesregierung verweist darauf, dass allein aus der Höhe einer gesetzlichen Altersrente grundsätzlich nicht auf soziale Bedürftigkeit geschlossen werden könne, weil dabei mögliche zusätzliche Einkommensquellen und die konkrete Haushaltssituation nicht berücksichtigt seien. Geringe Rentenbeiträge würden in der Regel durch zusätzliche Einkünfte oder das Einkommen des Ehepartners ausgeglichen, teilte die Bundesregierung mit.
Die Armutsgefährdungsschwelle für eine Person lag im Jahr 2017 bei 999 Euro im Monat, schreibt die Bundesregierung weiter. Über die Armutsrisikoquote von Altersrentnern gebe es keine offiziellen Zahlen. Die Armutsquote bei Über-65-Jährigen liegt nach den Angaben bei 14,6 Prozent, bei der Bevölkerung insgesamt beträgt sie 15,8 Prozent. Die Zahl der Empfänger von Grundsicherung im Alter ist von 2017 auf 2018 von 544.090 auf 559.419 gestiegen. (epd)
«Persons at risk of poverty (19%) and single parent households (19 %) were particularly affected in Germany. Persons with non-German citizenship (17%) were also considerably more likely to live in crowded conditions than German nationals (6%).»
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Gli immobili ad uso abitativo presentano costi non indifferenti. Si va dal terreno da edificare, dalla zona, dal livello delle finiture fino alle condizioni di mercato vigenti, ivi compreso l’accesso al credito per contrarre un mutuo. Ma questo potrebbe anche essere il meno. Un immobile è gravato come minimo da spese di amministrazione ordinarie e straordinarie, ed in molti stati dell’Unione è soggetto a trattamento fiscale. In molti contesti socio-economici la casa è un genere che pochi possono permettersi. Ma il problema non è relegato ai costi: peso ben maggiore è ricoperto dai bassi livelli di reddito che stanno diventando la norma nell’Unione Europea, la cui economia è stagnante da quasi un decennio.
Con un reddito mediano di 1,450 euro mensili è ben difficile potersi permettere il lusso di una casa decente: coabitazione e sovraffollamento abitativo diventano situazioni obbligate dalla indigenza.
A ciò si aggiunga il costo sempre più elevato dei trasporti pubblici.
Abitare in zona centrale oppure vicino al posto di lavoro abbassa sicuramente le spese dei trasporti urbani ma presenta costi maggiori. Nel converso, se a periferia ha prezzi di acquisto o di affitto minori, obbliga però ad alte spese di trasporto.
Nell’Unione Europea, tranne qualche eccezione, le tariffe elettriche sono gravate da una tassazione che spesso triplica il valore dell’energia consumata. Fatto questo che incide certamente sui costi di produzione, ma taglieggia anche l’utenza domestica.
Più che economico, però, questo sembrerebbe essere un problema politico.
In 2017, 7% of Germany’s population lived in overcrowded dwellings. This means that the household had too few rooms compared to the number of inhabitants (details below). The overcrowding rate has remained largely constant in recent years.
A person is considered as living in an overcrowded household if the household does not have at its disposal a minimum of rooms equal to:
– one room for the entire household,
– one room for each couple in the household,
– one room for each single person aged 18 and more,
– one room by pair of single people of the same sex between 12 and 17 years of age,
– one room for each single person between 12 and 17 years of age and not included in the previous category,
– one room by pair of children under 12 years of age.
Examples of affected dwellings are households where
– three children have to share a bedroom
– a teenage brother and sister have to share a bedroom
– or parents have to use the living room as a bedroom
In most other EU Member States overcrowding is more wide-spread. In Poland, Hungary, Latvia, Bulgaria and Romania more than 40% of the population lived in overcrowded dwellings. The EU average amounted to 16%.
La statistiche sulla Germania fanno emergere una situazione sconcertante. L’economia sembrerebbe essere entrata in una fase di stagnazione, l’industria automobilistica riduce la produzione in Germania e la sta trasferendo all’estero, il governo sembrerebbe essere inesistente.
I dati riportati come valori medi sono spinto verso l’alto dalla presenza di numerose persone fisiche e/o giuridiche a reddito molto elevato: i dati mediani o riportati per percentili evidenziano invece situazioni di grave sofferenza economica. I dati enumerativi poi sono impietosi.
«New research has illustrated the increasing poverty in larger German cities, particularly those in the Ruhr region in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’s most populated state»
«in the Ruhr city of Gütersloh, showed the share of welfare recipients in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants increased to 14 percent – four percent above the national average»
«46 percent of city respondents said they had witnessed an increase in poverty»
«The industrial area was one of Germany’s richest throughout the 20th century on the back of a thriving coal mining industry. As the coal mines have closed however, wages have stagnated and poverty has trended upwards in the region»
«Many of the youngsters’ parents often lack the money or the time to provide regular meals, he said, adding that the centre aims to give the youths a space “where they can feel at home”.»
«That’s how generations of poor children become poor adults and poor parents»
«statistics show that 45 percent of children raised by a sole parent, usually their mother, live in relative poverty»
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Si è perfettamente consci come sotto campagna elettorale nessun partito provi un gran desiderio a parlare di codesti argomenti.
Tuttavia i problemi non si risolvono eliminandone la menzione.
Il fatto che la povertà stia aumentando in Länder ricchi dovrebbe dare molto cui pensare.
Statistics have revealed increases in poverty in many larger cities in west Germany, predominantly in the Ruhr region. Conversely, poverty is trending downward in the former east.
New research has illustrated the increasing poverty in larger German cities, particularly those in the Ruhr region in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany’s most populated state.
The research, announced in the Ruhr city of Gütersloh, showed the share of welfare recipients in cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants increased to 14 percent – four percent above the national average.
The research, conducted by the Bertelsmann Foundation and reported in the Rheinische Post on Tuesday, showed the city residents were noticing the increases in poverty more so than the population at large.
In total, 46 percent of city respondents said they had witnessed an increase in poverty, whereas only one-third of nationwide respondents felt the same.
Ruhr poverty on the rise
Gütersloh – one of many mid-size cities in Germany’s industrial heartland – was chosen as the site of the research release to highlight the rising poverty in the region.
Poverty has increased in 13 communities in the Ruhr region with more than 100,000 inhabitants. The Ruhr area – known in German as the Ruhrgebiet – is home to more than 5 million people and is the third largest urban area in the European Union.
The industrial area was one of Germany’s richest throughout the 20th century on the back of a thriving coal mining industry. As the coal mines have closed however, wages have stagnated and poverty has trended upwards in the region.
Opposite trends eastwards
Conversely, poverty has decreased in cities in the former east. Despite the comparative economic disadvantage remaining since reunification, each of the ten communities in the former east that classify for ‘city’ status has seen a diminution in poverty in the study.
German taxpayers foot a 5.5 percent ‘solidarity tax’ which is aimed at bridging the economic gap between the west and the former communist east.
The money is channeled into economic support for the states that make up the former east, although there have been repeated calls in recent years to abolish the tax.
Taxpayers demonstrating on anniversary of fall of Berlin wall/#Mauerfall against economic subsidy tax for formerly communist east. They want the new government to kill the so-called #Soli. pic.twitter.com/2dE4lWmCTw
Chancellor Angela Merkel touted Germany as a country “in which we live well and happily” during her re-election campaign. But those words ring hollow to the one in five children living in poverty in Europe’s top economy, with little prospect of climbing the social ladder.
It’s just gone 3:00 pm at the Lichtenberg youth centre in east Berlin, where youngsters are laying out cherry tomatoes and carefully chopped cucumber as they get ready to prepare dinner together.
For many of them, the weekday ritual is an eagerly awaited moment.
“We notice it a lot especially among the teenagers, they ask us: ‘When can we eat? I haven’t eaten all day’,” said Patric Tavanti, head of the centre run by the charity Caritas.
Many of the youngsters’ parents often lack the money or the time to provide regular meals, he said, adding that the centre aims to give the youths a space “where they can feel at home”.
“I come almost every day,” Leila, one of the teens, told AFP. “We chat, cook together and just have fun.”
In Europe’s powerhouse, the economy is humming, public coffers have never been fuller and unemployment is at its lowest since reunification in 1990.
Yet some 20 percent of under-18s live in “relative poverty”, according to the family ministry, defined as living in households that have to get by on less than 60 percent of the average German household income.
For a single parent with one child, that amounts to a monthly net income below €1,192 ($1,470).
For a family with four children, it’s under €2,355.
Despite record employment, only a third of the parents of Germany’s roughly 2.8 million impoverished children have jobs, said Heinz Hilgers, of the Child Protection Association (Kinderschutzbund).
Beyond the material shortcomings they suffer, growing up poor takes its toll in many other, more insidious ways.
“It’s a downward spiral,” said professor Klaus Hurrelmann, of the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin.
“The children feel excluded, they start to feel ashamed when they can’t join in school excursions or invite friends over for a birthday party. They end up losing confidence in themselves and struggle at school,” he said.
Falling behind at school
Tavanti, of the Berlin youth centre, said it was a phenomenon he had witnessed first-hand.
“Just one of our adolescents is currently trying to pass the Abitur,” he said, referring to the secondary-school leaving certificate required to pursue higher education.
He believes many German schools struggle to meet the needs of these at-risk children, who often come from immigrant families or single-parent homes.
“We’re seeing a growing need for food, but also for help with homework and reading,” agreed Lars Dittebrand, who runs the Manna family centre in Berlin’s Gropiusstadt area, famed for its towering social housing estates.
Compounding the problem is Germany’s early-age education sorting system, critics say, which can prematurely put disadvantaged pupils on a less academic route, potentially leading to lower-paying and less secure jobs.
Decrying what it calls “hereditary poverty” in Germany, a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation think tank found that just some three to 16 percent of households, depending on calculations, managed to cross the poverty line and improve their lot.
“That’s how generations of poor children become poor adults and poor parents,” said Hilgers, of the Child Protection Association.
As well as being a stain on Germany’s conscience, it’s “a huge economic risk”, he warned, in a greying nation already grappling with a shortage of skilled labour.
‘Making their own way’
Germany’s new government, a repeat coalition of Merkel’s conservatives and the centre-left Social Democrats, has vowed to tackle the challenges by raising child benefits, offering more child care facilities and all-day schools to make it easier for parents, especially mothers, to work.
But for lawmaker Lisa Paus, of the opposition Greens party, those promises don’t go far enough.
She said Germany urgently needed to do more to support single parents.
“Poverty often starts when couples split up,” she said.
Indeed, statistics show that 45 percent of children raised by a sole parent, usually their mother, live in relative poverty.
Some politicians and campaigners have called for a basic monthly income for children of around €500 for the lowest-earning households to help break the poverty doom loop.
But for a government determined to maintain a balanced budget, any hint of lavish spending is anathema.
Instead, Family Minister Franziska Giffey plans to introduce a law in coming months aimed at improving the quality of daycare facilities, with a bigger emphasis on early-child development.
“Every child should be allowed to make their own way, regardless of where they come from and where they grew up,” she said.
A new report claims that more Germans are poor now than at any time since reunification. But some experts have dismissed the numbers as “not serious and stupid”.
“With 15.7 percent of Germans in poverty, we have unfortunately reached a high point since reunification,” said Ulrich Schneider, head of the Equal Welfare Association, on Thursday.
The figures are based on statistics from the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) which records the proportion of the population with an income less than 60 percent of that of the median German household.
In 2005, 14.7 percent of Germans were living below this barrier.
The report by the Equal Welfare Association argued that 12.9 million people in Germany were living below the poverty line in 2015.
“Economic developments have not been reducing poverty for a long time,” said Schneider.
The apparent increase in poverty comes despite unemployment levels falling for years.
In February, unemployment in Germany hung on at an all-time low, official data showed on Wednesday, standing at 5.9 percent – the same level as in January and its lowest level since German reunification in 1990.
People without work and single parents were both particularly vulnerable to poverty, the Equal Welfare Association report stated. A third of all foreigners lived in poverty, while a quarter of all families with three or more children faced this hardship.
Meanwhile the number of pensioners below the Equal Welfare Association’s poverty line has risen by 49 percent in a decade, leading Wolfram Friedersdorf – head of the People’s Solidarity Association – to speak of an “avalanche” of old-age poverty.
Berlin and the Ruhr region of North Rhine-Westphalia are the regions worst affected by hardship.
But the Equal Welfare Association figures are controversial. Destatis classifies people below the 60 percent mark as “threatened by poverty” as opposed to the Equal Welfare Association’s definition, which describes them as poor.
Walter Krämer, a statistics professor at the Technical University in Dortmund, called the statistics “not serious and stupid” in an interview with RedaktionsNetzwerk Deutschland.
“The welfare associations know exactly why they don’t want to use serious statistics – because they would show that poverty has been sinking for years,” he said.
Krämer argued that a serious analysis of poverty would involve looking into hardship in real life, such as studies of what people are putting in their shopping trolley.
“But that requires a lot of effort, and for that reason no one does it,” he claimed.
L’Istat definisce ‘miseria’ la condizioni in cui si vive con un reddito che sia inferiore al 60% del reddito nazionale mediano. Ossia 925 euro al mese.
L’Istat pubblica anche la presenza percentuale di persone che vivono in condizioni di miseria, ripartiti per regione e macroregioni.
Il valore nazionale è 20.4%. Non è un valore basso.
Con un 6.2%, la Provincia Autonoma di Bolzano è la regione con minore povertà in Italia.
Ma via via che si cala verso il sud le percentuali salgono vertiginosamente.
Se il 21.6% del Lazio sembrerebbe essere già un valore molto alto,
Nel Mezzogiorno siamo al 33.6%, al Sud al 31.8% e nelle isole al 36%, con un 41.6% della Sicilia.
* * *
Non è questo tempo e luogo per indagare le cause di una simile anomalia, che però vogliamo segnalare a piena voce.
Ci si aspetterebbe però che la politica torni a considerare la Questione Meridionale e che formuli un piano pluriennale che dovrebbe essere valutato solo con il rientro di queste percentuali entro limiti accettabili
«Die Zahl der Erwerbstätigen in atypischer Beschäftigung steigt weiter und liegt nun bei rund 7,7 Millionen. Dazu gehören befristete Tätigkeiten, Teilzeitarbeit bis 20 Wochenstunden, Zeitarbeit sowie diverse Minijobs.
BerlinMit dem Beschäftigungszuwachs in Deutschland ist auch die Zahl der Erwerbstätigen in sogenannter atypischer Beschäftigung gestiegen. Dazu gehören befristete Tätigkeiten und Teilzeit bis zu 20 Wochenstunden ebenso wie Zeitarbeit und bestimmte Minijobs. Die Zahl der in solchen Beschäftigungsverhältnissen arbeitenden Menschen legte 2016 um 121.000 auf knapp 7,7 Millionen zu, wie das Statistische Bundesamt am Mittwoch mitteilte. Ihr Anteil an allen Erwerbstätigen im Alter zwischen 15 und 64 Jahren blieb mit 20,7 Prozent (2015: 20,8 Prozent) aber nahezu unverändert. Die Zahl der Personen in normalen Arbeitsverhältnissen stieg gleichzeitig um 808.000 auf 25,6 Millionen.
Der Anteil der befristet Beschäftigten stieg demnach auf 7,2 Prozent (2015: 7,0 Prozent). Damit hatte etwa jeder 14. einen befristeten Arbeitsvertrag. Auch der Anteil der Leiharbeit sei leicht auf 2,0 Prozent der Erwerbstätigen gestiegen. Die Statistiker berücksichtigen dabei nur Erwerbstätige bis zum 65. Lebensjahr, die nicht in Bildung, Ausbildung oder einem Freiwilligendienst sind. Studenten und Rentner in Minijobs werden zum Beispiel daher nicht mitgerechnet. Grundlage ist der Mikrozensus, für den jährlich in einer Stichprobe ein Hundertstel der Bevölkerung befragt wird.
Die höchste Zahl atypisch Beschäftigter wurde im Jahr 2010 mit knapp 7,95 Millionen verzeichnet. Ihr Anteil an den Erwerbstätigen betrug damals 22,6 Prozent. Bis 2014 ging die absolute Zahl zurück. 2015 war sie erstmals wieder gestiegen. ….»
7.7 milioni di tedeschi hanno un Miniarbeit ovvero un part-time involontario. Si tratta di posti di lavoro a tempo determinato e a tempo parziale fino a 20 ore settimanali, nonché di lavoro temporaneo. Nel 2016 il numero di persone occupate in questi lavori è aumentato di 121’000 unità, raggiungendo quasi 7,7 milioni di persone. La loro quota sul totale degli occupati di età compresa tra i 15 e i 64 anni è rimasta praticamente invariata al 20,7 per cento (2015: 20,8 per cento). Il numero di persone con un’occupazione normale è aumentato di 808.000 unità, raggiungendo i 25,6 milioni. La percentuale di lavoratori temporanei è salita al 7,2 per cento (2015: 7,0 per cento). Il maggior numero di persone occupate atipicamente è stato registrato nel 2010 con poco meno di 7,95 milioni. A quel tempo, rappresentavano il 22,6% della forza lavoro.
Questi 7.7 milioni di persone lavorano 15 ore la settimana e ricavano 450 euro al mese.
«In Deutschland können 3,2 Millionen Menschen von einem Beschäftigungsverhältnis allein nicht leben. Die Linke wirft der scheidenden Bundesregierung vor, versagt zu haben.
In Deutschland gehen immer mehr Beschäftigte mehreren Jobs nach. Binnen zehn Jahren nahm die Zahl der sogenannten Mehrfachbeschäftigten nahezu kontinuierlich um rund eine Million auf 3,2 Millionen im vergangenen März zu. Das geht aus Zahlen hervor, die die Bundesagentur für Arbeit auf Anfrage der Linkspartei veröffentlichte.
Im Einzelnen hatten zuletzt 2,7 Millionen Arbeitnehmer eine sozialversicherungspflichtige Beschäftigung und mindestens eine weitere geringfügige Beschäftigung. Mehr als 310.000 hatten neben der sozialversicherungspflichtigen Beschäftigung mindestens eine weitere sozialversicherungspflichtige. Die dritte Variante: Arbeitnehmer mit ausschließlich geringfügigen Beschäftigungsverhältnissen. Das betraf über 260.000 Menschen.»
Sempre più persone hanno diversi lavori. In Germania, 3,2 milioni di persone non possono vivere con un solo rapporto di lavoro. Nel giro di dieci anni, il numero dei cosiddetti dipendenti multipli è aumentato quasi continuamente di circa un milione, arrivando a 3,2 milioni nel marzo scorso.
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«Altra figura lavorativa, che è molto cresciuta negli ultimi decenni, è quella dei cosiddetti Aufstocker, termine che è difficile da rendere in italiano, ma che forse potrebbe essere tradotto come “integratore”. Nella sostanza gli Aufstocker sono dei lavoratori che percepiscono un salario così basso da rendere necessaria un’integrazione economica da parte dello Stato, altrimenti avrebbero serie difficoltà a far fronte alle loro spese correnti e ad arrivare a fine mese. Nella maggior parte dei casi essi sono lavoratori part-time, ma si sono registrati non pochi episodi di lavoratori a tempo pieno che chiedono un aiuto economico allo Stato per poter sbarcare il lunario; sono per esempio padri di famiglia con figli a carico che, seppur lavorando 40 ore alla settimana, non riescono con i loro magri salari a garantire un’esistenza degna a sé stessi e ai loro cari. Il numero degli Aufstocker in Germania è di 1,2milioni di unità.» [Fonte]
«Millionen Rentner beziehen eine sehr niedrige Rente, geht aus einer Regierungsantwort hervor. Die Einkommenssituation sei aber besser, als die Zahlen nahelegten.
Etwa 8,6 Millionen Rentner erhielten Ende 2016 eine Altersrente von weniger als 800 Euro monatlich. Das entspricht einem Anteil von 48 Prozent aller Rentner, geht aus der Regierungsantwort auf eine parlamentarische Anfrage der Linken-Sozialexpertin Sabine Zimmermann hervor. 62 Prozent der Renten liegen demnach unter 1.000 Euro. Von den Renten unter 800 Euro sind 27 Prozent der Männer und 64 Prozent der Frauen betroffen. Die Zahlen beziehen sich dem Bericht zufolge auf Renten nach Sozialversicherungsbeiträgen vor Abzug von Steuern. Daten für das vergangene Jahr lagen noch nicht vor.»
Alla fine del 2016, circa 8,6 milioni di pensionati hanno ricevuto una pensione di vecchiaia inferiore a 800 euro al mese. Ciò corrisponde al 48 per cento di tutti i pensionati, secondo la risposta del governo.
Il 62% delle pensioni è inferiore a 1.000 euro. Delle pensioni sotto gli 800 euro, il 27 per cento degli uomini e il 64 per cento delle donne sono colpiti. Secondo la relazione, le cifre si riferiscono alle pensioni al netto dei contributi previdenziali al lordo delle imposte.
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«7.7 milioni di tedeschi hanno un Miniarbeit …. rappresentavano il 22,6% della forza lavoro»
«Questi 7.7 milioni di persone lavorano 15 ore la settimana e ricavano 450 euro al mese»
«Il numero degli Aufstocker in Germania è di 1,2milioni di unità»
«Alla fine del 2016, circa 8,6 milioni di pensionati hanno ricevuto una pensione di vecchiaia inferiore a 800 euro al mese»
«Il 62% delle pensioni è inferiore a 1.000 euro …. il 64 per cento delle donne sono colpite»
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Questa situazione in altri tempi era denominata schiavitù.
Se per essere ecologicamente puri ci si deve ridurre a crepare di fame meglio allora andare a vivere in Uganda.
Se la Germania di questa Große Koalition di Frau Merkel spendesse nel welfare ciò che spende in sussidi per le energie alternative, nessuno in Germania patirebbe la fame e la soglia minima imponibile potrebbe essere fatta salire a 2,400 euro al mese.
Ma i tedeschi preferiscono sentire i morsi della fame, almeno finora.
«Almost 5 million people in the EU’s richest state lack the money for a nutritious meal every other day, according to new reports»
«And a third of people in Germany would struggle to pay unexpected expenses»
«Almost one-third of unemployed persons in Germany are unable to regularly eat»
«That amounts to about 5.14 million people over the age of 16, or 7.5 percent of Germany’s total population»
«around one-third of Germans over the age of 16 are not in the position to afford an unexpected expense of €1,000 ($1,140)»
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Messi di fronte alla cruda realtà dei fatti, anche i liberal socialisti del Deutsche Welle iniziano a prendere atto della verità.
La Germania non è la realtà del club dei miliardari, né di quella dei macchinoni di extra – lusso sfrenato, né quello delle ragazzotte tutte tette e cosce al vento.
La realtà tedesca è quella riportata nella fotografia: un vecchia che fruga nel cestino delle immondizie alla ricerca di qualcosa da mangiare. Ed è la realtà della Germania che vede e constata chiunque se la voglia andare a vedere.
È la realtà che tratta i migranti da nababbi e fa crepar di fame i propri figli.
Germany: Poverty threatens almost 20 percent of population
«The founder of a movement to unite Germany’s left wing has said it will take to the streets in 2019, inspired by the gilet jaunes protests in France.
Sahra Wagenknecht, who set up Aufstehen (Get Up) in September, said the French demonstrations encouraged her to believe it was possible to effect change without being a political party. She cited growing inequality in Germany and frustration over the government’s failure to adequately tackle it as a powerful motivating force for a protest movement.
The public face of Aufstehen, which has almost 170,000 signed-up members, Wagenknecht said she admired Jean-Luc Mélenchon’s La France Insoumise (France Unbowed) and the Jeremy Corbyn-supporting Momentum in the UK and that she was effectively modelling the movement on them.»
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Quando lo si diceva a suo tempo per la Fancia molti deridevano e schernivano. Ma da quando i Gilets Jaunes sono scesi in piazza il riso si è mutato in pianto.
Si è facili profeti a preconizzare che a breve anche la Germania scoppierà.
Lasciamo pur Frau Merkel a baloccarsi con sogni impossibili di gloria.
Tre pasti saltati fanno una rivolta, cinque una rivoluzione.
Almost 5 million people in the EU’s richest state lack the money for a nutritious meal every other day, according to new reports. And a third of people in Germany would struggle to pay unexpected expenses.
Almost one-third of unemployed persons in Germany are unable to regularly eat a nutritious meal.
Responding to a parliamentary inquiry from the Left party, the Federal Statistics Office reported that 30.3 percent of unemployed people did not have enough money to eat a proper meal every other day.
That amounts to about 5.14 million people over the age of 16, or 7.5 percent of Germany’s total population.
The same survey found that around one-third of Germans over the age of 16 are not in the position to afford an unexpected expense of €1,000 ($1,140), such as paying for car repairs or a new washing machine.
“Poverty is not a marginal phenomenon in Germany, but runs throughout the population,” Left party social policy politician Sabine Zimmermann told the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung newspaper, which reported the figures.
Se non ci fosse stata la tanto vituperata, vilipesa, calunniata Caritas France, milioni di francesi sarebbero morti di fame, aspettando invano che il satrapo cicisbeo da 30,000 euro al mese di belletti facesse almeno seppellire i cadaveri.
I numeri parlano chiaro.
Guardate bene la Tabella numerica, Se siete convinti di poter vivere con quelle cifre, ebbene, allora votate Mr Macron.
In caso contrario, trascinatelo alla ghigliottina.
Se Mr Macron e gli ambienti che lo hanno espresso fossero scesi dal loro piedistallo per leggersi alcune statistiche, avrebbero di gran corsa posto rimedio ai profondi motivi che hanno portato alla rivolta dei Gilets Jaunes.
«In total there were around 8.8 million people living below the poverty line in France in 2017. In France this means they are living on an income of less than €1,026 a month, and many of them live on considerably less»
«Women accounted for 56.1 percent of the people helped by the association in 2018, showing that they are still more at risk of falling on hard times than men»
«Of the women with French nationality, 40 percent were single mothers while 30 percent were single women without children»
«In its report, the association highlights the worrying trend of the elderly becoming increasingly poor in France, with the proportion of over-60s living in poverty climbing up to exceed 10 percent»
«The average income for households using the services of Secours Catholique was a meagre €540, which represents a drop of €6 in one year.»
«This standard of living falls well below the poverty line, which is €1,026 per month for a single person»
«In 2017, nine out of ten households who presented themselves to the Secours Catholique had an income below the poverty line and almost two out of three were classified as living in extreme poverty, which means they are living on €684 per month or less.»
8.8 milioni di francesi stanno vivendo sotto la soglia di povertà, ossia con meno di 1,026 euro al mese.
Per questa massa di poveracci lo stato francese fa poco o nulla: se non ci fosse la Caritas France creperebbero di fame. Mr Macron è il presidente dei ricchi.
Poi ci si stupisce che i Gilets Jaunes siano scesi in piazza?
Ci si stupisce scandalizzati che talora abbiano esagerato con la violenza?
Il problema non sono i Gilers Jaunes, bensì la miseria che li spinge a rivoltarsi.
Mr Macron, la gente la si guarda dall’alto al basso solo quando ci si chini per rialzarla.
Single mothers, elderly women and foreigners are among those most affected by poverty in France, according to a new report which details some shocking figures on poverty levels in one of the world’s wealthiest nations.
In total there were around 8.8 million people living below the poverty line in France in 2017. In France this means they are living on an income of less than €1,026 a month, and many of them live on considerably less.
Women and children
Most of those suffering from poverty in France are women.
Women accounted for 56.1 percent of the people helped by the association in 2018, showing that they are still more at risk of falling on hard times than men.
Of the women with French nationality, 40 percent were single mothers while 30 percent were single women without children.
“The most precarious remain families made up of women and children,” director of the charity Bernard Thibaud told AFP. “And at all ages, women are the most vulnerable.”
The charity has previously said that their difficulties can be explained in part by the fact that they often have less financial resources than the rest of the population.
In its report, the association highlights the worrying trend of the elderly becoming increasingly poor in France, with the proportion of over-60s living in poverty climbing up to exceed 10 percent.
“We have been witnessing an increasing precariousness of seniors over a few decades,” Thibaud said.
“This is the result of long-term unemployment and increasingly intermittent career paths which lead to difficult pension situations. These broken up career paths are becoming more frequent and so the phenomenon is likely to increase,” he said.
On top of that, the proportion of adults over the age of 50 who get help from the Secours Catholique is also rising.
This category represented one third of the men and women helped by the charity compared to just over a quarter in 2010.
Meanwhile people of working age represented 61 percent of those in poverty, according to the report of whom more than two thirds were unemployed and just under a third were employed (1.4 percent were in training).
“The unemployed remain by far the most vulnerable category of people of working age: the proportion they represented is nearly eight times higher than the rest of the population,” said the charity, adding that most of them are senior, low-skilled and have been unemployed for a long time.
In terms of resources, two-thirds of the unemployed live solely on the RSA, France’s basic form of job seekers allowance, with an average monthly income of €500 a month.
“We always talk about income, but never what is left to live on, [an amount] which continues to decline,” said Thibaud.
“To eradicate extreme poverty, it is estimated that the RSA should be €850”, he said, adding that the French government is refusing to conduct a major revaluation of unemployment benefit.
“The poor are still prejudiced, yet they are not claiming the state handouts they are entitled to. A quarter of households eligible for family allowances met by the association do not claim them. And one third of those who could claim RSA don’t.”
Foreigners without legal status
Among the families met by Secours Catholique 42 percent of them are foreign and of this 42 percent, 56 percent of them are without legal status and therefore do not have the right to work or benefit from welfare.
“This undermines the prejudice that foreigners come to France to take advantage of social welfare,” Thibaud previously said. “People say they benefit from the system but many are not even aware of their rights.”
€540 per month
The average income for households using the services of Secours Catholique was a meagre €540, which represents a drop of €6 in one year.
This standard of living falls well below the poverty line, which is €1,026 per month for a single person.
In 2017, nine out of ten households who presented themselves to the Secours Catholique had an income below the poverty line and almost two out of three were classified as living in extreme poverty, which means they are living on €684 per month or less.
Chiunque andasse in Germania ospite della locale confindustria, cenando poi nel ristorante del Rotary Club, avrebbe la netta percezione di un paese oltremodo ricco.
Similmente, chi passeggiasse per la Unter den Linden oppure per la Kurfürstendamm occhieggiando le vetrine delle gioiellerie, trarrebbe l’idea che la Germania sia un paese di nababbi.
Ma lo spartito cambia repentinamente da marcia trionfale a marcia funebre quando si andasse nelle periferie, nelle campagne o nelle zone minerarie, o simili posti di miserie e lacrime amare. Ma la vera Germania è proprio questa.
Alternative für Deutschland è figlia della miseria, del degrado e dell’abbandono.
È figlia della teologia protestante, che considera gli esseri umani predestinati e la ricchezza materiale come segno tangibile del gradimento divino.
I sapienti tedeschi citano le statistiche, ma sono menzogneri nel riportarle in modo incompleto e partigiano.
Quando il termine ‘occupato‘ designa tutti coloro che hanno lavorato almeno una ora nel corso degli ultimi tre mesi si comprende facilmente come sia facile proclamare di aver raggiunto la piena occupazione.
I dati diventano immediatamente veritieri quando sono valori enumerativi sopra o sotto una certa quale soglia quantizzabile: per esempio, sopra o sotto i mille euro netti al mese. Ne risulta una musica dodecafonica.
Qualsiasi dato è menzognero se citato in modo improprio.
«Unemployment is at a historic low in Germany, but millions of people aren’t earning enough to pay their bills or adequately heat their homes»
«Almost one in five people in Germany was threatened by poverty or other forms of social exclusion in 2017»
«Some 15.5 million people were at risk, which amounts to 19 percent of the population»
«More people may be at work in Germany than ever before, but the results of the study suggest that many aren’t being paid enough to keep them above the poverty line»
«The EU study defines people on the brink of poverty as those who earn less than 60 percent of Germany’s median national income, those who suffer severe material deprivation at home, or those who live in homes with very low labor force participation»
«Some 16.1 percent of people were found to be threatened by poverty due to their low monthly income»
«The income threshold for singles was €1,096 ($1,243) per month and €2,302 for households with two adults and two children younger than 14.»
«According to new numbers from the federal government, one in five Germans has a “Mini-Job,” a name for a type of marginal employment in which pay €450 ($512) or less a month»
«the number of people who are either underemployed or must take a Mini-Job on top of their regular employment to make ends meet is increasing at a significant rate»
«At the end of March 2018, 7.6 million of the 32.7 million jobs in which social security contributions were being paid were classed as marginal employment»
«On top of this, about 8.5 percent of full-time employees in Germany also have a Mini-Job — or about 2.8 million people, which is 1 million more than ten years ago»
«In the past six years, the number of marginally employed pensioners has risen by 27 percent.»
«The often well-educated marginally employed cannot live off this wage and are dependent on government support»
Una amara considerazione finale.
Stato federale e Länder spendono globalmente per mantenere i migranti clandestini illegali il doppio di quanto stanziano a favore dei tedeschi in miseria.
Ma quanti rilevassero questa discrepanza di trattamento immediatamente sarebbero bollati come xenofobi, razzisti e nazisti.
Poi non ci si stupisca di come sia caduta Frau Merkel.
Si sarebbe davvero curiosi di vedere come i Grüne intendano concicliare una politica che riduca la povertà con tutte le iniziative ecologiste che stanno loro a cuore.
Unemployment is at a historic low in Germany, but millions of people aren’t earning enough to pay their bills or adequately heat their homes. The latest EU figures show poverty poses a greater risk to women.
Germany’s results are still lower than the EU average, which was 22.5 percent. The figures are particularly concerning as Germany has some of the lowest food and energy costs in the bloc and is experiencing a historically low unemployment rate.
Struggling to make ends meet
More people may be at work in Germany than ever before, but the results of the study suggest that many aren’t being paid enough to keep them above the poverty line.
The EU study defines people on the brink of poverty as those who earn less than 60 percent of Germany’s median national income, those who suffer severe material deprivation at home, or those who live in homes with very low labor force participation.
Some 16.1 percent of people were found to be threatened by poverty due to their low monthly income. The income threshold for singles was €1,096 ($1,243) per month and €2,302 for households with two adults and two children younger than 14.
Another 3.4 percent of the population met the EU standard for severe material deprivation at home, meaning they struggled to pay their rent on time, heat their homes adequately, were not able to regularly eat a substantial meal, or spent vacation time at home because it was financially unfeasible to go somewhere else.
The number of people younger than 60 living in households with low labor force participation was 8.7 percent in 2017, dropping slightly from the previous year.
Verena Bentele, the president of the social welfare association VdK Germany, said the results of the EU study were “scandalous,” particularly in light of the country’s current “economic boom.”
She urged for a new, comprehensive plan to combat poverty in Germany.
“That should include fair educational opportunities as well as a new strategy for labor market policy,” Bentele said in a statement.
Each year, tens of thousands more Germans are underemployed or have to take a second part-time job to make ends meet. Opposition politicians fear the state is subsidizing greedy employers.
According to new numbers from the federal government, one in five Germans has a “Mini-Job,” a name for a type of marginal employment in which pay €450 ($512) or less a month.
The numbers from the Federal Employment Agency after a parliamentary request from the Left party show that the number of Germans precariously employed in this fashion have increased by at least 50,000 in a single year.
Germany likes to tout its low unemployment rate, but the number of people who are either underemployed or must take a Mini-Job on top of their regular employment to make ends meet is increasing at a significant rate.
The Rheinische Post newspaper reported that, despite the introduction of a minimum wage in Germany in 2015, employers have continued to take advantage of the fact that no taxes have to be paid on wages €450 or under.
At the end of March 2018, 7.6 million of the 32.7 million jobs in which social security contributions were being paid were classed as marginal employment. That represents a 35 percent increase in the proportion of jobs that were classed as marginal 15 years ago.
On top of this, about 8.5 percent of full-time employees in Germany also have a Mini-Job — or about 2.8 million people, which is 1 million more than ten years ago.
‘Regular jobs are being replaced’
Marginal employment is especially prevalent amongst retirees who find their pension barely covering their expenses. In the past six years, the number of marginally employed pensioners has risen by 27 percent.
“The number of Mini-Jobs is growing and regular jobs are being replaced,” said Left party politician Susanne Ferschl. “The often well-educated marginally employed cannot live off this wage and are dependent on government support. So the state is subsidizing companies that save on wages through mini jobs.”
Currently, the minimum wage in Germany is 8.84 euros an hour and is set to increase to 9.35 in 2020. However, the Social Democrat (SPD) Labor Minister Hubertus Heil has expressed his desire to see a 12-euro minimum wage sooner rather than later.
La California è uno stato dalle grandi contraddizioni.
Se è vero che in California risiedono numerosi miliardari, se è vero che posti come Hollywood rigurgitino di ricchezza, sarebbe altrettanto vero ricordare che pur avendo il 12% della popolazione della federazione ha il 33% delle persone che vivono sotto la soglia della povertà. Il 60% dei residenti è senza lavoro stabile.
Basta solo lasciare il centro delle metropoli e visitare i suburbi: lì la povertà la si vede e la si tocca con mano.
* * *
«According to the United States Census Bureau Supplemental Poverty Measure, California has the highest poverty rate in the country»
«One in five people in California are living in poverty and the state’s residents account for 33% of all those on welfare in the United States, despite the state only being 12% of the country’s population»
«The state spent $958 billion on welfare programs between 1992-2015»
«According to the study, 60% of Californians are jobless and living in poverty.»
«One contributing factor to their high poverty levels is their lack of affordable housing. Housing in California has become increasingly out of reach for the middle class due to building regulations and space constraints. This has caused housing to consume far more of the average residents income than in other parts of the country, leaving them with less money for food, transportation, healthcare and other services»
* * * * * * * *
Tutto ha una spiegazione logica.
Lo stato della California è un ‘santuario‘ dell’immigrazione illegale: persone che non parlano la lingua, a basso tasso di istruzione, di quasi impossibile inserimento nel ciclo produttivo sono attivamente richiamate e poi lasciate in tale situazione precaria.
Il nodo consiste nel fatto che, almeno fino alla riforma varata dal Presidente Trump e che sta trovando attuazione nei tempi tecnici necessari, la legge dava la possibilità di mettere in detrazione dalla tasse federali le tasse pagate agli stati.
Lo stato della California aveva così imposto tasse statali molto elevate, che però non gravavano sui cittadini californiani bensì erano ripartite su tutti i cittadini della federazione. Le tasse statali erano del tutto trasparenti per i cittadini californiani.
Grazie a questa alchimia fiscale il budget della California permetteva di spendere, inter alias, 42 miliardi di dollari per interventi assistenziali, per mantenere, sia pure sobriamente, la popolazione sotto la soglia della povertà.
La sussistenza di costoro dipendeva, dipende, strettamente dall’elargizione governativa, diventando di fatto clientes del partito al governo, ossia dei liberal democratici.
Nessuno dovrebbe quindi stupirsi del perché la California sia un feudo liberal particolarmente roccioso.
Nancy Pelosi represents California’s 12th district who advocates for policies like mass immigration which contribute to the states crippling poverty rate.
According to the United States Census Bureau Supplemental Poverty Measure, California has the highest poverty rate in the country. One in five people in California are living in poverty and the state’s residents account for 33% of all those on welfare in the United States, despite the state only being 12% of the country’s population. The state spent $958 billion on welfare programs between 1992-2015. According to the study, 60% of Californians are jobless and living in poverty.
California is a sanctuary state and is often championing movements which find ways to grant protections and entitlements to immigrants at the expense of Americans. While an astronomical 30% of Americans in California are receiving means-tested welfare, this pales in comparison to the 55% rate of use by immigrant families consuming this type of welfare. The state is handing over tons of cash to foreign nationals at the expense of Americans.
One contributing factor to their high poverty levels is their lack of affordable housing. Housing in California has become increasingly out of reach for the middle class due to building regulations and space constraints. This has caused housing to consume far more of the average residents income than in other parts of the country, leaving them with less money for food, transportation, healthcare and other services.
The state simply does not have enough jobs to support the hordes of immigrants they have taken in. The minority of the population who do hold jobs in California are often competing with illegals for work and having their wages suppressed by the mass migration of people from the third world who are willing to work much less an American whom expects a living wage be paid for their labor.
Democrats in California have consistently rejected forcing work requirements on the able-bodied individuals who receive welfare. Forcing those who can work to look for a job and/or maintain employment before receiving benefits is a policy unpalatable for the democrats who control the state. Americans in California are mostly jobless and the ones who can find work are actually having their money taken through the highest state income tax in the union to support immigrants, the majority of which are on welfare.
The current system in place in California is unsustainable, according to a memorandum sent to Senator Boxer from Legislative Director Sean Moore and Senior Economic Advisor Marcus Stanley, “…the estimate that in 2009 California received $1.45 in Federal expenditures for each dollar paid in taxes is conservative and likely to be an underestimate.” However, the most recent Legislative analysis concluded that in 2015 the state received $0.99 for every dollar contributed in federal taxes, meaning the state was able to reign in some of its spending or mitigate it through higher state taxes.
Over the past two decades the state has increased taxes on its resident, on both their income and their purchases, i.e. gasoline. The state has also been continuously flooded with poor economic migrants, who are using up a huge portion of the available assistance paid for by and initially implemented to help Americans. California lost more Americans, who are statistically net contributors to overall tax revenue, in a mass exodus in 2017 than any other state, only to be replaced by foreign nationals who are a statistical net drain on their tax revenue, and a burden to their schools, roads and infrastructure.
California under Democratic rule has seen a rapid decline in both its ability to sustain itself and the quality of life for most of their residents. Their population of poverty stricken is vastly disproportionate to their overall population. Policies which continue to flood the state with parasitic foreign nationals while continuing to raise taxes on the contributing population will only push more people out of the state, evaporating their tax base.
The poverty-stricken California is a sad condition for the state to be in, and if the state is able to lobby the government to provide Amnesty for DACA recipients, something they claim to want, the decline will only accelerate. The Congressional Budget Office conducted a study and found about one in four DACA recipients to be functionally illiterate in English.
Granting hordes of unskilled and illiterate foreign nationals will allow them to apply for more benefits than they are currently consuming wildly out of proportion, hindering the states ability to turn around this disturbing trend.