Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Eurostat. Netto calo dei consumi reali pro capite sia nell’area dell’euro sia nell’EU.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-08-02.

2020-07-30__Eurostat 001

«Sharpest drop of household real consumption per capita in both euro area and EU»

«In the first quarter of 2020, when Member States began to widely introduce COVID-19 containment measures in March 2020, household real consumption per capita dropped by 3.0% in the euro area, after a decrease of 0.4% in the previous quarter»

«In the EU household real consumption per capita decreased by 2.9% in the first quarter of 2020, after a decrease of 0.2% in the previous quarter»

«During the first quarter of 2020, household gross disposable income increased by 0.9% in the euro area and by 1.2% in the EU»

«In the first quarter of 2020, the saving rate increased in both the euro area and the EU by 4.3 percentage points, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019»

«The drop in the individual consumption expenditure of households was the most pronounced in Italy, Spain and Belgium, followed by France»

«At the same time, the gross disposable income varied, increasing in Poland, Denmark, Czechia, Ireland, the Netherlands and Finland and decreasing in Spain, Italy, Portugal, Germany and Austria»


2020-07-30__Eurostat 002

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Eurostat. Sharpest drop of household real consumption per capita in both euro area and EU.

In the first quarter of 2020, when Member States began to widely introduce COVID-19 containment measures in March 2020, household real consumption per capita dropped by 3.0% in the euro area, after a decrease of 0.4% in the previous quarter. This decline is the highest since the beginning of the time series in 1999. Household real income per capita increased in the first quarter of 2020 by 1.1%, after a decrease of 1.1% in the fourth quarter of 2019.

In the EU household real consumption per capita decreased by 2.9% in the first quarter of 2020, after a decrease of 0.2% in the previous quarter. This decline is the highest since the beginning of the time series in 1999. Household real income per capita increased by 1.2% in the first quarter of 2020, after a decrease of 1.0% in the fourth quarter of 2019.

Household gross disposable income and its components

During the first quarter of 2020, household gross disposable income increased by 0.9% in the euro area and by 1.2% in the EU. The reduction in current taxes and net social contributions had a strong positive contribution to gross disposable income, while the contribution of social benefits was higher than usual. The decrease observed in received wages, operating gross operating surplus and mixed income of households contributed negatively in the growth of gross disposable income in both zones.

Household saving rate significantly up in the euro area, the EU and in the Member States

In the first quarter of 2020, the saving rate increased in both the euro area and the EU by 4.3 percentage points, compared to the fourth quarter of 2019.

The household saving rate increased in all Member States, for which data are available for the first quarter of 2020.

The highest increases were observed in Belgium, Denmark and the Netherlands, and the lowest in Poland, Sweden and Czechia. For all but two Member States, the increase of the saving rate was explained by the strong decrease of individual consumption expenditure. The drop in the individual consumption expenditure of households was the most pronounced in Italy, Spain and Belgium, followed by France. At the same time, the gross disposable income varied, increasing in Poland, Denmark, Czechia, Ireland, the Netherlands and Finland and decreasing in Spain, Italy, Portugal, Germany and Austria.

Household investment rate down in the euro area and the EU, varied in the Member States

In the first quarter of 2020 the investment rate decreased by 0.2 percentage points for the euro area and 0.3 percentage points in the EU.

Among the Member States for which data are available for the first quarter of 2020, the decrease in investment rate of households was the highest in Spain, France and Belgium. Seven Member States recorded an increase in the household investment rate, the highest being observed in Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark.

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Geographical information

The euro area (EA19) consists of 19 Member States: Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland, plus the European Central Bank and the European Stability Mechanism.

The European Union (EU27) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden plus the EU institutions.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Laura Codruţa Kövesi. Non ci si dimentichi questo nome e questa persona.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-07-11.

Cobra_003__

Laura Codruţa Kövesi a trenta anni era stata nominata Procuratore Generale rumeno. Forte di tale carica aveva imbastito un regime persecutorio dei nemici politici, tutti avversi alla sinistra liberal, fino al punto di essere destituita e quindi arrestata.

Lasciata in fretta e furia la Romania, la Kövesi ha trovato a Bruxelles il suo habitat naturale, essendo la protégées di Juncker e Timmermans, che in odio alla Romania la installarono il 23 settembre 2019 come procuratore capo dell’Anticorruzione Europea. I successori di Mr Juncker non provvidero quell’ufficio di personale.

Questi sono i principali report su questa vicenda, la lettura dei quali sarebbe utile per comprendere quanto ora stia accadendo.

Laura Kövesi. La Nancy Pelosi dell’Unione Europea.

Unione Europea. Quella cesta di serpi velenosi vorrebbe colpire ancora.

Affaire Kövesi. Financial Times così furibondo da pubblicare senza blocchi.

Romania. Arrestata Laura Kövesi, candidata di Juncker a capo della Procura Europea.

Bruxelles. Laura Kövesi. Ricordatevi bene questo nome.

«Laura Codruţa Kövesi. Non si arriva ad un simile posto di potere se non si sia presentati in modo proprio da un qualcuno ben potente in opere e parole. Serve solo avere il buon senso di schierarsi per la fazione massonica che sembrerebbe essere quella vincitrice, almeno al momento. Se poi si arrivasse a posti di vertice e responsabilità a 33 anni rimarrebbe l’alea di essere protetta da un qualche uomo, organizzazione, ben potente in opere e parole. ….

La Kövesi ha sposato la fazione giustizialista, ossia quella che ha usato il potere giudiziario per eliminare gli oppositori dell’élite dominante. E lo ha fatto molto bene, quasi eguagliando Andrej Januar’evič Vyšinskij. ….

La Kövesi fu coinvolta nello scandalo di sospetto plagio della sua tesi di dottorato: Băsescu affermò che nel 2012 Kövesi avrebbe minacciato di arresto un funzionario della procura nel caso in cui fossero riprese le indagini sulle accuse di plagio della propria tesi di dottorato. ….

Nel febbraio 2018 il ministro della giustizia Tudorel Toader richiese pubblicamente la rimozione di Laura Codruța Kövesi: Il PSD ottenne la revoca dell’incarico del procuratore capo della Direzione nazionale anticorruzione nel luglio 2018.»

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«The EU’s new public prosecutor office, set to launch later this year, has just four staff to tackle 3,000 cases in an effort to claw-back stolen funds»

«Hungary, Poland, Sweden have so far refused to subscribe to the EPPO – while Denmark and Ireland have special opt-outs. The remaining 22 have all agreed although some now appear to be scaling back the ambitions of the new office»

* * *

Romania. Il Green Deal è una ‘true religion’. Il gesto del dito.

«The European Green Deal has been perceived as an obligation imposed by the EU on Romania, with the prime minister arguing that in Brussels the Green Deal is “a true religion”.»

* * * * * * *

A distanza di nove lunghi mesi, le posizioni degli attuali dirigenti europei sembrerebbero essere immutate.

«Laura Codruța Kövesi, the European Public Prosecutor, has told Euronews it faces delays because European prosecutors still have not been appointed. They are needed to define the rules of procedure and regulatory framework of the office, which aims to crack down on fraud»

«This procedure has been delayed because Malta did not propose enough eligible candidates.»

«As a result, since December, the whole process has been delayed»

* * * * * * *

Malta, sempre la piccola cara Malta, l’enfant terrible dell’Unione Europea.

Malta rifiuta agli ‘human traffickers’ lo sbarco di altri 400 migranti illegali clandestini.

Malta. Vergato con la Libia un accordo per bloccare i migranti.

Malta. Migranti. Navi corsare. Riferiti dodici morti, testimonianza dubbia.

Migranti. Malta è tornata con successo ai vecchi metodi medievali.

Malta. Denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini e pone il veto sui migranti.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

* * * * * * *

Nessuno dimentichi.

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New EU public prosecutor still facing delays.

Laura Codruța Kövesi, the European Public Prosecutor, has told Euronews it faces delays because European prosecutors still have not been appointed. They are needed to define the rules of procedure and regulatory framework of the office, which aims to crack down on fraud. “This procedure has been delayed because Malta did not propose enough eligible candidates. As a result, since December, the whole process has been delayed,” she said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Malta rifiuta agli ‘human traffickers’ lo sbarco di altri 400 migranti illegali clandestini.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-09.

Malta 017

Deaths at sea case raises questions over Malta’s role

Malta pushing refugees back into Libya war

EU’s new migration pact must protect people on the move

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Migranti. Malta è tornata con successo ai vecchi metodi medievali.

Latest Tactic to Push Migrants From Europe? A Private, Clandestine Fleet

Malta. Denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini e pone il veto sui migranti.

«The move is a sop to Turkey, which is actively providing weapons to the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) by sea, in the hope that it will lead to the GNA coming down hard on human traffickers sending out migrants on boat through the Central Mediterranean route.»

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

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«The European Commission is demanding swift disembarkation of hundreds of people stranded on boats miles off the Maltese coast.»

«”They need to be disembarked as soon as possible,” a European Commission spokesperson said in an emailed statement on Wednesday (3 June).»

«Some 400 who fled Libya are stuck on Maltese Captain Morgan boats, which are typically reserved for sight-seeing tourists.»

«With pandemic restrictions easing throughout much of the EU, the commission says there is an urgent need for member states to help Malta»

*

«Malta has refused to allow them to set foot on dry land since April after claiming unsafe ports because of the pandemic caused by Covid-19»

«Last week, Malta’s foreign affairs minister Evarist Bartolo said the island-nation is too small to accept arrivals and needs support from other EU states»

«Maltese media report those on the boat come from Bangladesh, Morocco, Nigeria, Ivory Coast and other West African countries»

«Such stand-offs where people are refused to disembark a boat until other EU states agree to take them are common»

«Over 30 boats in the central Mediterranean have been caught in the tug of war over disembarkation and relocation since last autumn»

«The current saga points to a bitter debate over migration and asylum throughout much of the EU as the European Commission struggles to find a response that appeases all 27 capitals.»

* * * * * * *

Ricapitoliamo.

Malta ha definitivamente perso la pazienza con quelli che definisce essere ”human traffickers“, i quali vorrebbero riversare sull’isola e, quindi, su tutto il blocco europeo, la merce che stanno trattando.

Intanto, sia il Consiglio Europeo sia la Commissione Europea sono nella incapacità politica di prendere una decisione comune.

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EU Commission seeks help as hundreds stuck off Malta coast.

The European Commission is demanding swift disembarkation of hundreds of people stranded on boats miles off the Maltese coast.

“They need to be disembarked as soon as possible,” a European Commission spokesperson said in an emailed statement on Wednesday (3 June).

Some 400 who fled Libya are stuck on Maltese Captain Morgan boats, which are typically reserved for sight-seeing tourists.

Malta has refused to allow them to set foot on dry land since April after claiming unsafe ports because of the pandemic caused by Covid-19.

Last week, Malta’s foreign affairs minister Evarist Bartolo said the island-nation is too small to accept arrivals and needs support from other EU states.

“So far this year 1,500 irregular migrants have reached Malta – nearly half the total amount we had the for whole of last year,” he said, in a statement.

The statement also follows recent reports of illegal push-backs from Maltese waters to Libya in moves orchestrated by Malta’s government.

With pandemic restrictions easing throughout much of the EU, the commission says there is an urgent need for member states to help Malta.

Efforts are underway to have the people transferred to other EU states, amid reports of hunger strikes and suicide attempts among those stranded on the boats.

The commission did not say if any EU state has yet stepped forward.

But SOS Mediterranean, a Geneva-based civil group, said the people are in fact being used as pawns, given the general political backlash against those seeking international protection in Europe.

“This summer again, the Mediterranean should not turn into a sea of death and inhumanity”, said Sophie Beau, SOS Mediterranean co-founder, in a statement.

Maltese media report those on the boat come from Bangladesh, Morocco, Nigeria, Ivory Coast and other West African countries.

Such stand-offs where people are refused to disembark a boat until other EU states agree to take them are common.

They have been happening at least since 2009 but have intensified over the past few years.

Over 30 boats in the central Mediterranean have been caught in the tug of war over disembarkation and relocation since last autumn.

Of those 3,614 people were disembarked to Italy and another 700 in Malta. Many ended up in Germany.

The current saga points to a bitter debate over migration and asylum throughout much of the EU as the European Commission struggles to find a response that appeases all 27 capitals.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Malta. Migranti. Navi corsare. Riferiti dodici morti, testimonianza dubbia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-22.

Malta 017

Il problema lo ha tratteggiato il Ministro maltese nella intervista del 22 maggio:

«Il problema migratorio dell’Europa è una responsabilità collettiva e dobbiamo trovare un modo per affrontare insieme questa sfida – dice il ministro degli Esteri e degli Affari Europei maltese Evarist Bartolo – ma siamo stati lasciati soli. Le parole di simpatia non bastano: abbiamo bisogno di aiuti pratici. Abbiamo bisogno di ricollocare un certo numero di migranti in altri Paesi » [Fonte]

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«In secret, however, the Maltese authorities have worked hard to make sure no migrants actually reach the island»

Migranti. Malta è tornata con successo ai vecchi metodi medievali.

Latest Tactic to Push Migrants From Europe? A Private, Clandestine Fleet

Malta. Denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini e pone il veto sui migranti.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

* * * * * * *

Avvertiamo che l’articolo del Guardian riportato è molto enfatico e che si basa su quanto avrebbe detto una migrante circa fatti che sarebbero accaduti il 9 aprile u.s. Una migrante sub-sahariana che però parla un inglese fluente e che si contraddice.

«Survivor reveals further evidence to Guardian and La Repubblica of Malta’s deadly strategy to intercept migrants crossings»

«Further evidence of Malta’s strategy to push migrants back to the conflict zone of Libya has been revealed by a woman who survived a Mediterranean crossing in which 12 people died»

«A series of voice messages obtained by the Guardian have provided confirmation of the Maltese government’s strategy to use private vessels, acting at the behest of its armed forces, in order to intercept migrant crossings and return refugees to Libyan detention centres»

«The woman said the boat on which she was attempting to reach Europe had been intercepted by a ship enlisted by the Maltese authorities, which took those aboard back to Tripoli»

«Her boat left the coast of Libya on the night of 9 April, she said. Around 63 people, including a six-week-old baby and a two-year-old girl – most of them from sub-Saharan Africa – were loaded into a dinghy by traffickers at Garabulli, approximately 50km (31 miles) east of Tripoli»

«A first ship passed tantalisingly close to them . “The boat was called Medkon Lines,” said the woman, who showed a photograph of the vessel.»

«After five days at sea, a Maltese airplane spotted us»

«Four other men, almost unconscious from thirst and hunger, let themselves slide down from the dinghy into the water to drown, she said, before, on 14 April, a trawler under a Maltese flag, the Dar Al Salam 1, reached them»

«The crew of the boat told us they were not rescuers … but said they work for Malta»

«She said two migrants died during the interception, and that three others died en route to Libya»

«Once we were aboard the boat, we begged them to not bring us back to Libya. But then they placed us in the stern of the ship and locked themselves in the boat kitchen. They left us inside with four bottles of water. We knocked but they didn’t open. We started to cry and think that they had just lied to us»

«After 48 hours, the migrants’ worst fears were confirmed when the ship arrived in Tripoli. Passengers were moved to the detention centre of Tariq al-Sikka – infamous for torture and abuse – where they remain»

* * * * * * *

Questo è quanto.

Le contraddizioni del racconto sono evidenti, ma una risulterebbe essere del tutto incredibile.

La riferita testimone, anonima, afferma che:

«Passengers were moved to the detention centre of Tariq al-Sikka – infamous for torture and abuse – where they remain».

Ci si domanda come abbia fatto questa ‘testimone’ a fuggire dal centro di Tariq al-Sikka, che sembrerebbe essere accuratamente sorvegliato ed a trovare in tutto quel bailamme un giornalista del Guardian per farsi intervistare.

Si noti anche come il giornalista, tale Mr Lorenzo Tondo, abbia redatto l’articolo in Palermo.

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Guardian. Exclusive: 12 die as Malta uses private ships to push migrants back to Libya

Survivor reveals further evidence to Guardian and La Repubblica of Malta’s deadly strategy to intercept migrants crossings.

Further evidence of Malta’s strategy to push migrants back to the conflict zone of Libya has been revealed by a woman who survived a Mediterranean crossing in which 12 people died.

A series of voice messages obtained by the Guardian have provided confirmation of the Maltese government’s strategy to use private vessels, acting at the behest of its armed forces, in order to intercept migrant crossings and return refugees to Libyan detention centres.

The woman said the boat on which she was attempting to reach Europe had been intercepted by a ship enlisted by the Maltese authorities, which took those aboard back to Tripoli.

Last month, investigative journalists working for several international media sources exposed the existence of a secret pact between La Valletta and the owners of at least three trawlers.

The woman’s account matches that of other survivors who have spoken to Alarm Phone, a hotline service for migrants in distress at sea, which first raised the case.

Her boat left the coast of Libya on the night of 9 April, she said. Around 63 people, including a six-week-old baby and a two-year-old girl – most of them from sub-Saharan Africa – were loaded into a dinghy by traffickers at Garabulli, approximately 50km (31 miles) east of Tripoli.

A first ship passed tantalisingly close to them . “The boat was called Medkon Lines,” said the woman, who showed a photograph of the vessel. “We tried to stop it to rescue us. Three men jumped in the water to reach it, but in one minute they disappeared in the water.

“After five days at sea, a Maltese airplane spotted us,” said the woman, whose identity cannot be revealed for her security. “We thought the plane would call the rescuers, but nobody came. We were feeling so tired and we didn’t even have water or food.”

Four other men, almost unconscious from thirst and hunger, let themselves slide down from the dinghy into the water to drown, she said, before, on 14 April, a trawler under a Maltese flag, the Dar Al Salam 1, reached them.

“The crew of the boat told us they were not rescuers … but said they work for Malta,” the woman said. “They said they were Egyptian and working at sea for Malta. They were looking at us like we were not human beings.”

Last month, investigations by the New York Times and the Italian daily newspaper Avvenire revealed that, with the onset of coronavirus, Malta had allegedly dispatched a small fleet to intercept and return migrants to Libya, citing a senior commander in the Libyan coast guard and a former Maltese official involved. One of the vessels was the Dar Al Salam 1 which oversees international operations for the Libyan coastguard.

The owner of the Dar Al Salam 1 is Captain Carmelo Grech. Asked for comment by the Guardian, Grech replied by sending an angry-face emoticon.

The Dar Al Salam 1 sails with two other vessels, the Salve Regina and the Tremar, all allegedly hired by Malta.

The woman’s account was of three boats. She said two migrants died during the interception, and that three others died en route to Libya.

“Once we were aboard the boat, we begged them to not bring us back to Libya. But then they placed us in the stern of the ship and locked themselves in the boat kitchen. They left us inside with four bottles of water. We knocked but they didn’t open. We started to cry and think that they had just lied to us.”

After 48 hours, the migrants’ worst fears were confirmed when the ship arrived in Tripoli. Passengers were moved to the detention centre of Tariq al-Sikka – infamous for torture and abuse – where they remain.

“Maltese authorities’ refusal to rescue these persons amount to a serious breach of international human rights and maritime law,’’ said Giulia Tranchina, human rights lawyer at Wilson Solicitors in London. “The survivors taken back to Libya have been placed again in arbitrary detention in inhuman conditions in the main EU-funded ‘official detention centre’ of Tariq Al Sikka, managed by the Libyan [Directorate for Illegal Migration] police, where male refugees are often tortured in underground cells for months.’’

Following April’s media coverage, prosecutors in Malta launched an investigation into the allegations. Neville Gafà, a former Maltese official, told magistrates on 30 April he was enlisted by the government to coordinate the pushback of migrants to Libya, following instructions from the prime minister’s office.

The Maltese government did not respond to Guardian requests for comment. However, in a statement released on 15 April, authorities in La Valletta confirmed that it “coordinated the rescue of an immigrant boat assisted by a commercial vessel” and on 1 May, answering reporters’ questions about the boats, Malta’s prime minister, Robert Abela, said: “Nothing stops a state from using private assets.

A spokesperson for Alarm Phone said: “Twelve people have died while Malta and Europe were watching. We should never forget that these deaths are the direct result of Malta’s and Europe’s non-assistance policies, and their clear intention to let people die at sea. These deaths could and should have been prevented.’’

The survivors are all still in detention cells, including the toddler and baby, at Tripoli’s Tariq al-Sikka, where, according to lawyers and charities, they have no access to medical treatment, or sufficient food and water.

‘’We wanted to come to Europe because we have the right to live’’ says the woman. ‘’I have decided to talk because it is my right to talk, because our brothers died in the sea. It is my right to talk about what I saw.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Migranti. Malta è tornata con successo ai vecchi metodi medievali.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-18.

Malta 013

«The government of Malta enlisted three privately owned fishing trawlers to intercept migrants in the Mediterranean, and force them back to a war zone, officials and a boat captain say»

«In secret, however, the Maltese authorities have worked hard to make sure no migrants actually reach the island»

«It dispatched a small fleet of private merchant vessels in April to intercept migrants at sea and return them by force to a war zone in Libya»

«The three repurposed fishing trawlers are privately owned, but acted on the instructions of the Armed Forces of Malta»

«The clandestine operation, which some experts consider illegal under international law, is just the latest dubious measure taken by European countries in recent years to stem the migration from Africa and the Middle East that has sown political chaos in Europe»

«But Malta’s latest tactic may be among the most egregious, maritime experts say, because it involved a designated flotilla of private vessels, based in a European port, that intercepted and expelled asylum seekers from international waters that fall within the responsibility of European coast guards»

«The facts available raise serious concerns that we are seeing the emergence of a novel systematic pattern, such that may even put Maltese state officials in danger of criminal liability, at home or abroad»

«The activity was first documented on the evening of April 12, when three aging blue trawlers left the Grand Harbour in Valletta»

«The boats did not submit paperwork to the immigration police, and switched off their satellite tracking devices soon after leaving port, maritime databases show»

«The trawlers were sent to intercept a migrant vessel attempting to reach Malta from Libya — and which had been issuing mayday calls for some 48 hours — and then return its passengers to Libya»

«The stricken migrant vessel was still in international waters, according to coordinates provided by the migrants by satellite phone to Alarm Phone, an independent hotline for shipwrecked refugees»

«Two of the trawlers — the Dar Al Salam 1 and the Tremar — reached the migrant vessel early on April 14, guided by a Maltese military helicopter»

«The Maltese authorities told their Libyan counterparts that the Dar Al Salam 1 was in fact a Maltese vessel called the Maria Cristina …. Though based physically in Malta and owned by a Maltese shipowner, the vessel is legally registered in Tobruk, a port in east Libya»

«After disembarking, the migrants were taken to a notorious detention center run by a pro-government militia, where migrants are routinely tortured, held for ransom or sold to other militias»

«After departing Tripoli, the Dar Al Salam 1 turned its satellite identification system back on, and the boat resurfaced off the coast of Libya on the evening of April 15, data provided by Marine Traffic, a maritime database, shows»

«he used the boat, then known as the Mae Yemanja, to bring supplies to Libyan rebels during the Libyan revolution in 2011»

«Their satellite trackers were once again switched off shortly afterward.»

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Malta ricorda più che bene la sua storia.

Scacciato dapprima dalla Palestina, quindi da Rodi, il Sovrano Ordine Militare si trasferì alla fine a Malta, nel 1530. Dì lì imbastirono una scaltra intercettazione e distruzione della flotta pirata berbera, riuscendo così bene che alla fine i turki cercarono nel 1565 di occupare l’isola, ma furono clamorosamente sconfitti.

Le direttive della guerra di corsa dei Cavalieri di Malta sono ancora custodite nell’archivio dell’Ordine.

Il problema è semplice.

In guerra è necessario sia difendersi dalle armi nemiche sia usarne di analoghe, e la ricerca e distruzione delle forze avversarie è il clou di ogni azione militare. Ed in corso di una guerra anche un peschereccio dall’apparenza innocua potrebbe rivelarsi essere una nave corsare. I ‘pescherecci’ dell’Ordine apparivano come ghiotte prede, ma erano pescherecci solo alla apparenza: erano armati fino ai denti.

A quanto sembrerebbe, poi, i libici usano agli scafisti ogni possibile attenzione.

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The New York Times. Latest Tactic to Push Migrants From Europe? A Private, Clandestine Fleet

The government of Malta enlisted three privately owned fishing trawlers to intercept migrants in the Mediterranean, and force them back to a war zone, officials and a boat captain say.

With the onset of the coronavirus, Malta announced that it was too overwhelmed to rescue migrants making the precarious crossing of the Mediterranean Sea, where the tiny island nation has been on the front line of the maritime migration route over the past decade.

In secret, however, the Maltese authorities have worked hard to make sure no migrants actually reach the island.

It dispatched a small fleet of private merchant vessels in April to intercept migrants at sea and return them by force to a war zone in Libya, according to information provided by the captain of one of the boats, a senior commander in the Libyan Coast Guard, and a former Maltese official involved in the episode.

The three repurposed fishing trawlers are privately owned, but acted on the instructions of the Armed Forces of Malta, the captain and the others said.

The clandestine operation, which some experts consider illegal under international law, is just the latest dubious measure taken by European countries in recent years to stem the migration from Africa and the Middle East that has sown political chaos in Europe and fueled a populist backlash.

Since 2017, European states, led by Italy, have paid the Libyan government to return more migrants to Libya, hassled the private rescue organizations that try to bring them to Europe, and asked passing merchant vessels to intercept them before they enter European waters.

But Malta’s latest tactic may be among the most egregious, maritime experts say, because it involved a designated flotilla of private vessels, based in a European port, that intercepted and expelled asylum seekers from international waters that fall within the responsibility of European coast guards.

“Against a pattern of increased abuses against asylum seekers in recent years, this newest approach stands out,” said Itamar Mann, an expert in maritime and refugee law at the University of Haifa in Israel. “Its methods chillingly resemble organized crime, and indeed the operations of people smugglers, which European policymakers so adamantly denounce.”

“The facts available raise serious concerns that we are seeing the emergence of a novel systematic pattern, such that may even put Maltese state officials in danger of criminal liability, at home or abroad,” Dr. Mann added.

The Maltese government did not respond to multiple requests for comment.

The activity was first documented on the evening of April 12, when three aging blue trawlers left the Grand Harbour in Valletta, the Maltese capital, within an hour of each other. The three boats — the Dar Al Salam 1, the Salve Regina and the Tremar — departed at the request of the Maltese authorities, according to the captain of the Tremar, Amer Abdelrazek.

A former Maltese official, Neville Gafa, said he was enlisted by the government that same night to use his connections in Libya to ensure the safe passage of the first two boats to Libya.

The boats did not submit paperwork to the immigration police, and switched off their satellite tracking devices soon after leaving port, maritime databases show.

But their mission had already been determined, said Mr. Gafa, who said he had been asked by the Maltese prime minister’s chief of staff, Clyde Caruana, to help coordinate the operation. Mr. Caruana did not respond to requests for comment, but a government spokesman told The Times of Malta that Mr. Gafa had been asked to liaise with Libya on a separate matter that was unconnected to the episode.

The trawlers were sent to intercept a migrant vessel attempting to reach Malta from Libya — and which had been issuing mayday calls for some 48 hours — and then return its passengers to Libya, Mr. Gafa said.

The stricken migrant vessel was still in international waters, according to coordinates provided by the migrants by satellite phone to Alarm Phone, an independent hotline for shipwrecked refugees. But it had reached the area of jurisdiction of Malta’s armed forces, making it Malta’s responsibility under international maritime law to rescue its passengers and provide them with sanctuary.

Two of the trawlers — the Dar Al Salam 1 and the Tremar — reached the migrant vessel early on April 14, guided by a Maltese military helicopter, Mr. Abdelrazek said. Several of the migrants had already drowned, according to testimony later gathered by Alarm Phone.

The roughly 50 survivors were taken aboard the Dar Al Salam 1, Mr. Abdelrazek said.

The Dar Al Salam 1 and the Salve Regina sailed to Tripoli on April 15, the former carrying the migrants and the latter carrying several tons of food and water, as a show of appreciation to the Libyan government, Mr. Abdelrazek and Mr. Gafa said. The Tremar waited in international waters, Mr. Abdelrazek said.

The Maltese authorities told their Libyan counterparts that the Dar Al Salam 1 was in fact a Maltese vessel called the Maria Cristina, said Commodore Masoud Abdalsamad, who oversees international operations at the Libyan Coast Guard. To further obscure its identity, the boat’s crew had also painted over the ship’s name and flew a Maltese flag to confuse the Libyan Coast Guard.

Though based physically in Malta and owned by a Maltese shipowner, the vessel is legally registered in Tobruk, a port in east Libya controlled by opponents of the authorities in Tripoli. The crew did not want to risk upsetting the Tripoli government by broadcasting its links to Tobruk, leading it to hide its name and home port, Mr. Abdelrazek said.

After disembarking, the migrants were taken to a notorious detention center run by a pro-government militia, where migrants are routinely tortured, held for ransom or sold to other militias. The detention cells stand close to an arms depot, and the surrounding area was hit by shelling in December.

Conditions at the detention center are “utterly appalling,” said Safa Msehli, a spokeswoman for the International Organization for Migration, an arm of the United Nations. “People are caged in overcrowded hangars with barely any access to food or sanitation facilities.”

“Many tell us of the abuse they endure and the inhumane ways in which they are exploited,’’ Ms. Msehli added. ‘‘Reports of migrants being used to load weapons, and the detention center’s proximity to a military facility, raise serious concerns over the safety of people detained there arbitrarily.”

After departing Tripoli, the Dar Al Salam 1 turned its satellite identification system back on, and the boat resurfaced off the coast of Libya on the evening of April 15, data provided by Marine Traffic, a maritime database, shows.

The owner of the Salve Regina, Dominic Tanti, declined to comment through an intermediary, and the owner of the Tremar, Yasser Aziz, did not return a message seeking comment.

The owner of the Dar Al Salam 1, Carmelo Grech, did not to respond to multiple requests for comment sent by text, voice message and a letter hand-delivered to his apartment. But he has confirmed his boat’s involvement to a Maltese newspaper, and several outlets have already highlighted its role, including the Italian newspaper, Avvenire, and the Maltese blogger Manuel Delia.

Mr. Grech and his boat have colorful histories, raising questions in Malta about why the government involved them in a state-led operation.

Mr. Grech has previously recounted how he used the boat, then known as the Mae Yemanja, to bring supplies to Libyan rebels during the Libyan revolution in 2011. In 2012, court records show it was impounded after Mr. Grech was accused, though later acquitted, of smuggling contraband cigarettes from Libya to Malta.

In 2015, Mr. Grech was detained by a Libyan faction for several days for what he later described as a misunderstanding over his visas.

Maltese ship records obtained by The Times show that Mr. Grech canceled his boat’s registration in Malta last February, before repainting it to show it had been re-registered in Tobruk, for undisclosed reasons.

Mr. Abdelrazek also has a criminal history, having been convicted in 2014 of forging documents, court records show.

After appearing briefly in Malta last week, the Dar Al Salam 1 and the Salve Regina returned again to sea on Sunday.

Their satellite trackers were once again switched off shortly afterward.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Europea, Geopolitica Militare, Unione Europea

Malta. Denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini e pone il veto sui migranti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-08.

Malta 017

Gli effetti della sentenza della Corte Costituzionale tedesca che disconosce l’autorità della Corte Europea di Giustizia sugli stati membri sta incominciando ad avere i suoi effetti collaterali.

Suprema Corte, ECB e Corte Costituzionale tedesca, ovvero il chaos.

Questa sentenza infatti distrugge alla base il residuo potere politico dei liberal socialisti europei, e silura loro e la Francia in modo tale da «unsettling to the EU».

*

Malta si è riappropriata della propria sovranità nazionale, e lo ha fatto usando parole mai udite da decenni, perché esprimevano la pura verità.

Migranti clandestini illegali?

Ma facciano il piacere!!

«human traffickers».

* * * * * * *

«Maltese government to inform EC it will no longer provide boarding team to Operation Irini, which is attempting to stop Turkish weapons to Libyan GNA»

«Malta has formally given notice to the European Commission that will no longer commit any military assets to the EU’s Operation Irini, a naval mission launched to enforce the arms embargo to Libya in a bid to stifle warring parties in the North African country»

«The move is a sop to Turkey, which is actively providing weapons to the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) by sea, in the hope that it will lead to the GNA coming down hard on human traffickers sending out migrants on boat through the Central Mediterranean route. »

«Malta wants to keep its ports shut to migrants rescued at sea because of the coronavirus pandemic. But the country is also suffering from a lack of a migrant relocation framework that shares the responsibility of rescued people at sea among all EU member states»

«Malta has now told the Special Athena Committee it will veto decisions on Operation Irini that concern spending procedures for disembarkation of migrants, port diversions, and the eligibility of drones (unmanned aerial vehicles).»

«Malta told the committee it is facing an “unprecedented crisis” and disproportionate flows as a result of human smuggling and criminal activities in the Central Mediterranean, citing a 438% increase of arrivals in Malta through this route»

«The government said there was had been no tangible support and solidarity from EU partners despite many requests for relocation and for discussions on a permanent solution»

«The newly launched EUNAVFOR MED Irini disproportionately affects the GNA, whose weapons are mostly supplied by Turkey by sea, because it has little impact on the GNA’s rival, military commander Khalifa Haftar, whose Libyan National Army receives supplies by air and land across the Libya-Egypt border, as well as from the United Arab Emirates»

«in a bid to build serious bridges with Turkey and ‘unsettle’ the EU’s big member states»

«The first three months have seen a 400% increase in migrant arrivals in the Central Mediterranean but close to nil in the Eastern side of Libya, which is blockaded by EU vessels»

* * *

«The Greek government is itself inimical to Turkish military interests, and France supports the strongman ambitions of Khalifa Haftar, making Malta’s move unsettling to the EU»

«Irini could indeed fuel more fighting and undermine Europe’s credibility as an honest broker, because the operation stops mainly weapons from Turkey to the GNA and not Haftar’s backers Egypt and the UAE»

«Egypt and the UAE have backed Haftar for many years, and more recently Russia has also provided him with support.»

«Further adding intrigue to the mix is that France supports Haftar because they see the strongman as a guarantee of stability in the region against terrorists.»

* * * * * * *

Malta denuncia la Francia, abbandona l’Operazione Irini ed annuncia il veto in Consiglio Europeo sui finanziamenti ai migranti.

Usa parole mai udite, perché vere:  «human traffickers», «it will veto decisions on Operation Irini that concern spending procedures for disembarkation of migrants», «France supports Haftar because they see the strongman as a guarantee of stability in the region».

Questa azione è volta ad «unsettling to the EU».


*

Malta Today. Malta vetoes Irini spending after withdrawing from EU naval mission.

Maltese government to inform EC it will no longer provide boarding team to Operation Irini, which is attempting to stop Turkish weapons to Libyan GNA.

Malta has formally given notice to the European Commission that will no longer commit any military assets to the EU’s Operation Irini, a naval mission launched to enforce the arms embargo to Libya in a bid to stifle warring parties in the North African country.

The move is a sop to Turkey, which is actively providing weapons to the UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) by sea, in the hope that it will lead to the GNA coming down hard on human traffickers sending out migrants on boat through the Central Mediterranean route.

Malta wants to keep its ports shut to migrants rescued at sea because of the coronavirus pandemic. But the country is also suffering from a lack of a migrant relocation framework that shares the responsibility of rescued people at sea among all EU member states.

Malta has now told the Special Athena Committee it will veto decisions on Operation Irini that concern spending procedures for disembarkation of migrants, port diversions, and the eligibility of drones (unmanned aerial vehicles).

Malta told the committee it is facing an “unprecedented crisis” and disproportionate flows as a result of human smuggling and criminal activities in the Central Mediterranean, citing a 438% increase of arrivals in Malta through this route.

The government said there was had been no tangible support and solidarity from EU partners despite many requests for relocation and for discussions on a permanent solution.

The newly launched EUNAVFOR MED Irini disproportionately affects the GNA, whose weapons are mostly supplied by Turkey by sea, because it has little impact on the GNA’s rival, military commander Khalifa Haftar, whose Libyan National Army receives supplies by air and land across the Libya-Egypt border, as well as from the United Arab Emirates. These are harder to track, and impossible for Irini to intercept.

Malta’s rapprochement with Turkey continued this week with foreign minister Evarist Bartolo meeting the Turkish ambassador in Valletta, while Home Affairs Minister Byron Camilleri has started informal talks with Turkish national defence minister Hulusu Akar, in a bid to build serious bridges with Turkey and ‘unsettle’ the EU’s big member states.

The first three months have seen a 400% increase in migrant arrivals in the Central Mediterranean but close to nil in the Eastern side of Libya, which is blockaded by EU vessels.

The operation’s commander is assigned to Italy and Greece every six months alternatively. Initially, the operation will have three vessels contributed by France, Greece and Italy, one Maltese boarding team and three directly assigned patrol aircrafts Germany, Luxembourg and Poland, and the same number of vessels and aircraft in associated support.

The Greek government is itself inimical to Turkish military interests, and France supports the strongman ambitions of Khalifa Haftar, making Malta’s move unsettling to the EU.

Irini could indeed fuel more fighting and undermine Europe’s credibility as an honest broker, because the operation stops mainly weapons from Turkey to the GNA and not Haftar’s backers Egypt and the UAE. 

Egypt and the UAE have backed Haftar for many years, and more recently Russia has also provided him with support. Turkey only recently began backing the GNA with military assistance in exchange for a controversial maritime agreement that divides up much of the Eastern Mediterranean between Turkey and Libya. 

And this has angered Greece, which is logistically running Operation Irini, because it cuts into its Exclusive Economic Zone around Crete.

It also means Irini could strengthen Haftar’s relative position. In fact, it could encourage him not to halt the siege of Tripoli or agree to a ceasefire. It also fails to put any pressure on Egypt or the UAE to restrain him at a time when the coronavirus pandemic spreads through Libya. 

Further adding intrigue to the mix is that France supports Haftar because they see the strongman as a guarantee of stability in the region against terrorists. Turkey’s support of the GNA also has meant that Greece and Cyprus are turning towards Haftar, because their ultimate aim is to prevent Turkey from having influence in the Eastern Mediterranean. 

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ong - Ngo, Unione Europea

Migranti clandestini. La Commissione Europea si dichiara ‘incompetente’.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-04-20.

Prefiche 013

«The European Commission says it cannot comment on decisions by Italy and Malta declaring their ports unsafe for rescue ships»

«We are not in a position to make a comment of a legal nature on this particular case»

«The spokesperson said the EU institution has no competence to determine whether a port is safe»

«Italy and Malta made the announcement to seal the ports following the outbreak of the pandemic triggered by Covid-19. Libya’s UN-recognised government in Tripoli did the same»

«The closures mean NGO rescue boats are unable to disembark migrants, amid contested reports that some have since drowned»

* * * * * * *

Si deve dare atto ai liberal socialisti europei, ed alle ngo loro emanazione, di essere quanto mai pervicaci nelle proprie credenze. Per loro i migranti clandestini illegali sono un dogma della loro fede. Senza migranti ed aborto non avrebbero più alcun elemento che li possa coagulare, tenere assieme.

Ma la loro voce ed i loro lamenti non arrivano più alle orecchie dei centri direzionali dell’Unione Europea, che li ha estromessi dai processi decisionali.

A loro altro non resta che sfogarsi con articoli degni delle più smaliziate prefiche.

*


EU unable to comment on Italy and Malta port closures

The European Commission says it cannot comment on decisions by Italy and Malta declaring their ports unsafe for rescue ships.

“We are not in a position to make a comment of a legal nature on this particular case,” a European Commission spokesperson told reporters in Brussels on Tuesday (14 April).

The spokesperson said the EU institution has no competence to determine whether a port is safe.

Italy and Malta made the announcement to seal the ports following the outbreak of the pandemic triggered by Covid-19. Libya’s UN-recognised government in Tripoli did the same.

The closures mean NGO rescue boats are unable to disembark migrants, amid contested reports that some have since drowned.

Germany’s Sea-Watch International on Monday said that at least three boats with some 150 migrants have been in distress for days.

“No state wants to rescue them,” it said, noting a fourth boat had sunk.

Alarm Phone, an organisation that provides support to people fearing for the lives at sea, says some of those scrambling for help are women and children.

At least one is a pregnant woman who had been rescued, along with 42 other people, by the Spanish-flagged charity vessel, Aita Mari.

The boat had been en route to return to Spain from Sicily when it was diverted towards a distress call on Monday.

“Malta denies us safe harbour,” it then said, in a Tweet on Tuesday, noting however Maltese authorities had agreed to provide it with extra food, vests and water.

Malta, Libya and EU aid

Malta in turn is demanding the EU to launch an immediate €100m humanitarian operation in Libya.

In a letter to the EU’s foreign policy chief, Malta’s foreign minister Evarist Bartolo says the situation in Libya is snowballing into a major humanitarian disaster.

He said all of Malta’s resources are currently being channeled into dealing with pandemic, noting that the island-nation had disembarked close to 4,500 migrants in the past 12 months.

“The situation urgently requires tangible and decisive action which, in our view, must comprise an urgent EU humanitarian intervention in Libya,” he said.

For its part, a spokesperson from the EU’s foreign policy branch, confirmed that Bartolo’s letter had been received.

“We will give it due consideration and reply in an appropriate way,” said the spokesperson.

The whole points to a wider crusade against migrant disembarkation at sea as EU states shore up barriers to prevent NGO rescue boats from helping.

An EU-level sea operation known as Sophia, which was mandated to tackle trafficking, has since been replaced by a much weaker mission called Irini tasked to enforce the Libyan arms embargo.

Sophia had more ships and carried out rescues but was effectively shut down by Italy’s hard-right then deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Missione Irini non prevede sbarchi in Italia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-04-01.

Unione Europea 013

«The European Union will launch a new Mediterranean naval and air mission in April to stop more arms reach warring factions in Libya, EU diplomats said on Thursday, with Greece agreeing to take in any migrants rescued at sea»

«E’ una delle clausole previste nel quadro dell’accordo raggiunto in sede Ue che porterà Irini a succedere alla missione Sophia e che ora dovrà essere approvato in via definitiva dai 27 entro domani con procedura scritta»

«the decision, which was delayed by divisions over migrants, followed warnings by EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell that the bloc risked becoming irrelevant if it could not act, potentially leaving Libya’s fate to Turkey and Russia»

«Greece has allowed disembarkation (of rescued migrants) in its ports, …. adding that other EU governments agreed to help cover the harbor costs of bringing those rescued on shore to avoid more financial pressure on Athens.»

«Sophia’s mandate expires at the end of March, meaning Irini aims to start patrolling the eastern Mediterranean, where most arms smuggling takes place, from April»

«However, diplomats acknowledged the EU is unable to patrol the Egypt-Libya land border, through which artillery is still being delivered»

* * * * * * *

Cosa fosse l’Operazione Sophia è ben descritto dal Ministero della Difesa.

«L’European Union Naval Force in the South Central Mediterranean, EUNAVFOR Med – operation SOPHIA, è la prima operazione militare di sicurezza marittima europea che opera nel Mediterraneo centrale.

L’operazione, condotta dall’Italia, ha quale scopo principale il contrasto al traffico illecito di esseri umani e s’inquadra nel più ampio impegno dell’UE volto ad assicurare, secondo un approccio comprensivo ed integrato, il ritorno della stabilità e della sicurezza in Libia.

Operazione SOPHIA è il primo esempio di elevata integrazione delle componenti militari e civili (forze di polizia) europee, capace di operare in un complesso scenario internazionale rappresentato da numerosissimi attori militari e civili, governativi e non governativi.

La situazione di crisi nell’area del Mediterraneo centrale, causata dal perdurante conflitto interno in Libia e dal conseguente collasso del sistema statuale, ha tra le molteplici conseguenze il flusso migratorio che attraverso la Libia, raggiunge via mare l’Italia e gli altri paesi dell’Unione Europea.

Un flusso migratorio facilitato e, soprattutto, sfruttato economicamente, da trafficanti di esseri umani che hanno messo in piedi una rete atta a lucrare sulla disperazione degli uomini, donne e bambini che ogni giorno tentano di intraprendere questo viaggio. In tale contesto, l’impiego di mezzi fatiscenti, inadatti alla navigazione in alto mare e sovraccarichi ha portato al ripetersi di naufragi molto spesso drammatici con la morte di centinaia e probabilmente migliaia di migranti.»

*

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

«Europe continues to delegate border enforcement to the Libyan authorities to evade their responsibility to rescue the distressed to Europe»

Si prenda atto che l’atteggiamento dell’Unione Europea nei confronti dei migranti clandestini è mutata.

*


EU’s Operation Irini to replace Sophia in monitoring arms embargo in Libya

The European Union will launch a new Mediterranean naval and air mission in April to stop more arms reach warring factions in Libya, EU diplomats said on Thursday, with Greece agreeing to take in any migrants rescued at sea.

The decision, which was delayed by divisions over migrants, followed warnings by EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell that the bloc risked becoming irrelevant if it could not act, potentially leaving Libya’s fate to Turkey and Russia.

“Greece has allowed disembarkation (of rescued migrants) in its ports,” said an EU diplomat involved in the negotiations, adding that other EU governments agreed to help cover the harbor costs of bringing those rescued on shore to avoid more financial pressure on Athens.

The new mission, named Irini, will replace the EU’s current military mission, known as Operation Sophia, which stopped deploying ships a year ago after Italy, facing an anti-immigrant backlash, said it would no longer take migrants rescued at sea.

With hundreds of thousands making the perilous crossing from North Africa each year and thousands dying at sea, EU ships are required under international law to rescue those in trouble.

Sophia’s mandate expires at the end of March, meaning Irini aims to start patrolling the eastern Mediterranean, where most arms smuggling takes place, from April. However, diplomats acknowledged the EU is unable to patrol the Egypt-Libya land border, through which artillery is still being delivered.

*


Libia: missione Irini non prevede sbarchi in Italia.

Se ci saranno migranti salvati, andranno in Grecia.

BRUXELLES – La missione Ue Irini per il pattugliamento del Mediterraneo al fine di far osservare l’embargo Onu sulle forniture di armi alla Libia non prevederà lo sbarco in Italia di migranti eventualmente salvati in mare. A quanto si è appreso, queste persone saranno sbarcate in Grecia. E’ una delle clausole previste nel quadro dell’accordo raggiunto in sede Ue che porterà Irini a succedere alla missione Sophia e che ora dovrà essere approvato in via definitiva dai 27 entro domani con procedura scritta.

L’intesa raggiunta prevede che i Paesi che contribuiscono con asset e partecipano alla missione Irini definiscano un meccanismo di ripartizione su base volontaria di chi viene eventualmente salvato in mare e che comunque sarà sbarcato in Grecia. Una soluzione che sarebbe stata accettata da Atene in cambio di compensazioni politiche ed economiche. Da parte italiana è stato fatto notare che, anche alla luce dell’emergenza coronavirus, non era pensabile che si potesse procedere a sbarchi nei porti nazionali.

Per arrivare all’accordo odierno sono stati necessari difficili negoziati, che si sono protratti per settimane, sia sulla questione degli sbarchi sia su quella della clausola cosiddetta di ‘riposizionamento’ della missione. Una clausola destinata a scattare qualora il comandante di Irini abbia fondati motivi per denunciare il verificarsi del ‘pool factor’, ovvero quella circostanza in cui si ritiene che il collocamento di navi Ue in prossimità del confine marittimo libico incentivi i trafficanti di essere umani a mettere in mare imbarcazioni cariche di migranti sapendo che poi saranno salvati dalle unità europee. In questo caso, l’intesa prevede che il comandante della missione Ue possa chiedere il riposizionamento dei mezzi navali e discutere con i Paesi che partecipano a Irini se e come portare eventualmente avanti la missione.

Se l’intesa riceverà il via libera dei 27 entro domani attraverso la procedura di silenzio-assenso, Irini (che vuol dire ‘pace’ in greco) succederà alla missione Sophia a partire da aprile e avrà un mandato di un anno, con verifiche sulla sua operatività ogni quattro mesi. La missione, a cui oltre all’Italia parteciperanno Paesi come Francia, Spagna Germania e Finlandia, prevede l’impiego di unità navali e di controlli satellitari, nonché il ricorso ad attività di intelligence. Previste anche attività sul territorio che potranno però essere rese operative solo dopo le necessarie intese con le autorità locali.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ong - Ngo, Unione Europea

Mediterraneo. Più di 400 altri migranti rispediti in Libia. L’Onu parla al vento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-29.

2020-03-21__Migranti 001

Continuano nel Mediterraneo le operazioni per intercettare barconi carichi di migranti illegali diretti dalla Libia a Malta, localizzati dai sistemi di sorveglianza marittima di Malta e del Frontex europeo, bloccati e riconsegnati alla guardia costiera libica, che se li riporta indietro per internali in campi di detenzione.

Ne avevamo dato giorni or sono l’annuncio relativo ad un gommone con 49 migranti a bordo. Non è stato un caso isolato.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

*

Info Migrants rende adesso noto come siano oltre 400 i migranti intercettati e riconsegnati alla guardia costiera libica.

«Over 400 migrants have been picked up by the Libyan coast guard and returned to Libya over the weekend»

«That’s according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which called the action “unacceptable.”»

«The UN organization for migration decried the fact that this weekend, over 400 Europe-bound migrants were returned to Libya by the Libyan coast guard in several operations»

«The IOM counted 301 people who were intercepted and taken back to Tripoli on Saturday, March 14 and a further 105 on two different boats on Sunday, March 15.»

«It is unacceptable for this to continue despite repeated calls to put an end to the return of vulnerable people to detention and abuse»

«Alarm Phone accused Frontex, the Maltese Search and Rescue coordinators RCC and the “so-called” Libyan coast guards of working together to push back migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean.»

«the Maltese RCC had “instructed the Libyan coast guard to enter a European Search and Rescue (SAR) zone in order to abduct about 49 people and force them back to Libya.”»

«One of the principles of international law is that those rescued must be disembarked in a safe harbor»

«The news agency Associated Press AP said that most of those returned to Tripoli were “taken to detention centers in Libya where there are serious concerns over their safety.”»

«Continued cooperation between EU and Libya»

«The commissioner [Dunja Mijatovic] said she was “gravely concerned about certain types of assistance provided to Libya which have resulted in increased interceptions of migrants and asylum seekers at sea, and their subsequent return to Libya, where they are subjected to serious human rights violations.”»

* * * * * * *

Riassumiamo.

Anche se ufficialmente l’Unione Europea non ha rilasciato dichiarazione alcuna, è del tutto evidente come Frontex e la guardia costiera maltese non possano agire autonomamente, senza ordine ed autorizzazione della Commissione Europea. Le navi delle ngo sono scomparse dallo scachiere.

I richiami dell’International Organization for Migration (IOM), che fino a qualche mese fa erano considerati essere messaggi messianici, sono tenuti in non cale da parte della Commissione Europea, nemmeno degni di menzione.

Il mutato indirizzo politico era già evidente con la posizione della Commissione Europea circa i migranti che la Turkia convogliava al confine greco, e che i greci hanno respinto usando la forza bruta con la benedizione dell’Europa.

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

*

Constatiamo soltanto che quando Mr Salvini cercava di bloccare l’arrivo dei migranti era come minimo bollato di essere un “nazista sanguinario” che agiva in spregio alle direttive delle Nazioni Unite e della Unione Europea. Degno solo di essere chiamato in giudizio per essere doverosamente condannato al massimo della pena.

*


Over 400 migrants returned to Libya over weekend.

Over 400 migrants have been picked up by the Libyan coast guard and returned to Libya over the weekend. That’s according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which called the action “unacceptable.”

The UN organization for migration decried the fact that this weekend, over 400 Europe-bound migrants were returned to Libya by the Libyan coast guard in several operations. The IOM counted 301 people who were intercepted and taken back to Tripoli on Saturday, March 14 and a further 105 on two different boats on Sunday, March 15.

The IOM communications officer Safa Msehli said: “It is unacceptable for this to continue despite repeated calls to put an end to the return of vulnerable people to detention and abuse.”

The organization Alarm Phone which provides “independent support for people crossing the Mediterranean Sea to Europe” and tracks many of the migrant crossings, also confirmed a group of 49 migrants who were picked up by the Libyan coast guard and returned to Libya on March 14.

Tweeting on March 15, Alarm Phone called this operation an “illegal pushback.”

In a press release the same day entitled “returned to war and torture,” Alarm Phone accused Frontex, the Maltese Search and Rescue coordinators RCC and the “so-called” Libyan coast guards of working together to push back migrants attempting to cross the Mediterranean.

‘A grave violation of international law’

The press release stated that the Maltese RCC coordinated the operation with Frontex in which 49 migrants were pushed back from the Maltese search and rescue zone to Libya, via the Libyan coast guard. They claimed the Maltese RCC had “instructed the Libyan coast guard to enter a European Search and Rescue (SAR) zone in order to abduct about 49 people and force them back to Libya.”

Alarm Phone said, in doing so, the Maltese authorities had “coordinated a grave violation of international law and of the principle of non-refoulement.” One of the principles of international law is that those rescued must be disembarked in a safe harbor. Alarm Phone and many other international organizations, including UNHCR have repeatedly underlined the fact that Libya can no longer be considered a safe harbor.

Delays endangering lives

The press release also said a second incident involving Maltese RCC had seen a prolonged wait of many hours for another boat reported to be carrying 112 people. The people spent 48 hours at sea according to Alarm Phone, before their eventual rescue by the Maltese Armed Forces. “Non-assistance, delays, and pushbacks are becoming the norm in the Central Mediterranean,” said Alarm Phone, “causing trauma in survivors, disappearances and deaths, both at sea and in Libya.”

On March 14, Alarm Phone which was in contact with the boat carrying 49 migrants said that those on board feared both drowning and being sent back to Libya.

An oil tanker was in the vicinity at the time of the initial distress calls. According to Alarm Phone, the 112 people on board the ship which was eventually rescued by the Maltese armed forced, told them that they feared the tanker would just “watch them die,” rather than trying to rescue them.

Taken to detention centers in Libya

The news agency Associated Press AP said that most of those returned to Tripoli were “taken to detention centers in Libya where there are serious concerns over their safety.”

According to Voice of America, the IOM said that some of the migrants managed to escape the authorities as they disembarked in Libya.

According to an article on Euronews in November 2019, the EU spent over €90 million “over the last two years funding and training the Libyan coast guard in an attempt to keep migrants out of the continent [of Europe.”

Continued cooperation between EU and Libya

In early February the Italian government renewed its memorandum of understanding with the UN-recognized Government of National Unity (GNA) in Libya. The cooperation has included in the past funding and training for the Libyan coast guard from EU member states such as Italy.

In a letter dated February 13, published in the New Humanitarian the Council for Europe’s Commissioner for Human Rights, Dunja Mijatovic urged the Italian government to cease cooperation. The commissioner said she was “gravely concerned about certain types of assistance provided to Libya which have resulted in increased interceptions of migrants and asylum seekers at sea, and their subsequent return to Libya, where they are subjected to serious human rights violations.”

Pubblicato in: Medicina e Biologia, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. 2019. 612,700 richiedenti asilo, 840,000 domande sotto esame.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-22.

2020-03-22__Eurostat

«In 2019, 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU), up by 12% compared with 2018 (549 000)»

«Around 840 000 asylum applications pending at the end of 2019»

«Almost 1 in 4 applied for asylum in Germany»

«Syrian (74 400 first-time applicants) and Afghan (52 500) continued to be the main citizenship of people seeking international protection in the EU Member States in 2019, followed by Venezuelan (44 800), which moved up from fifth place in 2018 to third in 2019, together accounting for 28% of all first-time applicants»

«With 142 400 first-time applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23% of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States. It was closely followed by France (119 900, or 20%) and Spain (115 200, or 19%), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12%) and Italy (35 000, or 6%)»

«Of the 74 400 Syrians who applied for asylum for the first-time in the EU in 2019, more than half were registered in Germany (39 300, or 53%). Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in seven EU Member States.»

«At the end of 2019, 842 500 applications for international protection in the EU Member States were still under consideration by the national authorities. At the end of 2018, this figure was slightly higher (851 000)»

«Germany had the largest share of applications pending in the EU at the end of 2019 (326 800, or 39% of the EU total), ahead of Spain (133 000, or 16%), Greece (105 400, or 13%), France (74 400, or 9%) and Italy (47 000, or 6%)»

«Pending applications for international protection are applications that have been made at any time and are still under consideration by the national authorities at the end of the reference period. In other words, they refer to the number of asylum seekers waiting for a decision at the end of the year»

* * * * * * *

Sono numeri che si commentano da soli.

Questa povera Unione Europea travagliata dalla recessione economica e dall’epidemia da coronavirus ha bisogno di tutto tranne che di altri migranti.

Si noti anche come i richiedenti asilo provenienti da zone belliche siano solo il 12%: i restanti sono migranti per motivazioni economiche.

Germania. Pianifica 500 mld per l’economia in crisi. KfW.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

Forse crisi economica e coronavirus riusciranno a bloccare questo delirio.

*


Eurostat ha rilasciato il Report

612 700 first-time asylum seekers registered in 2019, up by 12% compared with 2018.

In 2019, 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU), up by 12% compared with 2018 (549 000), but around half of the number recorded in the peak year 2015 when 1 216 900 first-time asylum applicants were registered.

Syrian (74 400 first-time applicants) and Afghan (52 500) continued to be the main citizenship of people seeking international protection in the EU Member States in 2019, followed by Venezuelan (44 800), which moved up from fifth place in 2018 to third in 2019, together accounting for 28% of all first-time applicants.

These data on asylum applicants in the EU are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. They are complemented with an article and an infographic available on the Eurostat website.

Almost 1 in 4 applied for asylum in Germany

With 142 400 first-time applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23% of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States. It was closely followed by France (119 900, or 20%) and Spain (115 200, or 19%), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12%) and Italy (35 000, or 6%).

Among EU Member States with more than 5 000 first-time asylum seekers in 2019, the number of first time applicants rose most compared with the previous year in Spain (+118%, or 62 400 more first-time asylum seekers in 2019 than in 2018) and Cyprus (+67%, or 5 100 more), ahead of Sweden (+28%, or 5 000 more), Belgium (+27%, or 5 000 more), Greece (+15%, or 9 900 more), the Netherlands (+10%, or 2 000 more) and France (+8%, or 8 500 more).

In contrast, the largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-34%, or 18 400 fewer), Germany (-12%, or 19 400 fewer) and Austria (-7%, or 800 fewer).

Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan – main citizenships of asylum seekers

Syrian (12% of the total number of first-time applicants) was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States in 2019, a position it has held each year since 2013. Of the 74 400 Syrians who applied for asylum for the first-time in the EU in 2019, more than half were registered in Germany (39 300, or 53%). Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in seven EU Member States.

With 52 500 first-time applicants (or 9% of the EU total) in 2019, Afghan was the second main citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States. Almost half of Afghans (45%) applied in Greece (23 700). Afghan was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in five EU Member States.

Venezuelan (7% of the total number of first-time applicants) was the third main citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States in 2019. Of the 44 800 Venezuelans seeking asylum protection for the first-time in the EU in 2019, the vast majority (90%) applied in Spain (40 300). Venezuelan was the main citizenship of asylum seekers only in Spain.

While the number of applicants from Syria decreased compared to 2018 (-7%, or 5 700), the number of Afghans and Venezuelans increased by 35% (13 600) and 102% (22 600) respectively.

Highest number of first-time applicants relative to the population in Cyprus, lowest in Slovakia

The highest number of registered first-time applicants in 2019 relative to the population of each Member State was recorded in Cyprus (14 495 first-time applicants per million population), ahead of Malta (8 108), Greece (6 985) and Luxembourg (3 585).

In contrast, the lowest numbers were recorded in Slovakia (39 applicants per million population), Hungary (48), Poland (73), Estonia (76) and Latvia (93).

In 2019, in the EU as a whole, there were 1 371 first-time asylum applicants per million population.

Around 840 000 asylum applications pending at the end of 2019

Pending applications for international protection are applications that have been made at any time and are still under consideration by the national authorities at the end of the reference period. In other words, they refer to the number of asylum seekers waiting for a decision at the end of the year. This statistic is also intended to measure how the national authorities are facing the workload implied by the arrival of asylum applicants in the Member States.

At the end of 2019, 842 500 applications for international protection in the EU Member States were still under consideration by the national authorities. At the end of 2018, this figure was slightly higher (851 000).

Germany had the largest share of applications pending in the EU at the end of 2019 (326 800, or 39% of the EU total), ahead of Spain (133 000, or 16%), Greece (105 400, or 13%), France (74 400, or 9%) and Italy (47 000, or 6%).

Among EU Member States with more than 5 000 pending applications at the end of 2019, the number of pending applications rose most compared with the previous year in Cyprus (+85%, or 8 600 more pending applications in 2019 than in 2018), Spain (+69%, or 54 300 more), and Belgium (+49%, or 9 500 more).

The largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-54%, or 56 000 fewer), Austria (-29%, or 10 900 fewer) and Sweden (-27%, or 10 100 fewer).

Geographical information

The European Union (EU27) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden.

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Information on dissemination of European statistics from 1 February 2020 is published on the Eurostat website.