Les Gilets jaunes sont de retour samedi dans les rues de Paris et de plusieurs villes françaises pour lancer un nouvel “ultimatum” à Emmanuel Macron. Le ministre de l’Intérieur dit craindre le retour des “casseurs”.
Pour le 23e samedi consécutif, les manifestants se sont principalement donné rendez-vous à Paris à l’occasion de mobilisations qui font craindre au ministère de l’Intérieur un regain de violence par rapport aux dernières semaines. 60 000 policiers et gendarmes seront mobilisés.
À moins d’une semaine de la prise de parole d’Emmanuel Macron, dorénavant prévue jeudi 25 avril, concernant ses réformes tirées du grand débat national, quatre défilés sont prévus dans la capitale. Deux seulement ont été autorisés. L’un doit partir de la basilique de Saint-Denis (Seine-Saint-Denis) pour rejoindre le campus de Jussieu (Ve arrondissement). Les deux autres, au départ du secteur de Bercy (est de Paris) pour rejoindre les Halles ou la place de l’Étoile, ont été interdits.
“À nouveau, la menace est sérieuse et appelle à un dispositif renforcé”, a déclaré, vendredi 19 avril, Christophe Castaner, à la veille de l’acte XXIII. “Casseurs” et “ultras” sont décidés à “reproduire” les violences du samedi 16 mars, a-t-il ajouté, craignant que ceux-ci ne se mêlent de nouveau aux manifestants.
Le ministre de l’Intérieur, qui s’exprimait lors d’une conférence de presse, a évoqué des incidents à craindre à Bordeaux, Toulouse, Montpellier et “tout particulièrement à Paris”, théâtre des débordements les plus spectaculaires depuis le début du mouvement, en novembre dernier. Les mesures prévues par la récente loi dite “anticasseurs”, adoptée en mars, seront appliquées par les forces de l’ordre. Parmi elles, l’interpellation de manifestants dont le visage est dissimulé, et les fouilles renforcées.
Il y a plusieurs semaines, la frange la plus radicale des Gilets jaunes a appelé à un regain de mobilisation après les samedis de calme relatif qui ont suivi la dernière poussée de fièvre, à la mi-mars.
Le 16 mars, plusieurs boutiques et établissements emblématiques des Champs-Élysées, comme le restaurant Le Fouquet’s, avaient été vandalisés, voire partiellement incendiés.
“D’après les informations dont nous disposons, les casseurs seront à nouveau au rendez-vous demain”, a dit Christophe Castaner.
Cassonetti dati alle fiamme, auto danneggiate e oggetti lanciati contro gli agenti, che hanno risposto con i lacrimogeni. Al centro della mobilitazione anche l’irritazione per le donazioni dopo l’incendio di Notre Dame
Tornano le proteste dei Gilet gialli a Parigi dove sabato sono state indette quattro manifestazioni, solo due delle quali autorizzate. Il 23esimo atto di protesta ha visto numerosi scontri tra casseur e polizia: le persone fermate sono oltre 180 (17.500 i controlli preventivi) e nella zona della Bastiglia diversi cassonetti e materiali di cantiere sono stati dati alle fiamme. Alcune automobili sono state danneggiate e degli oggetti sono stati lanciati contro gli agenti che hanno risposto con lacrimogeni. In place de la Republique sono stati montati camion con idranti a getto di liquido colorante (blu) per identificare successivamente i manifestanti coinvolti nei disordini.
La capitale francese è stata blindata: vietati gli Champs-Élysées, così come tutta la zona attorno alla cattedrale di Notre-Dame, devastata dall’incendio di lunedì scorso. Dopo settimane di stallo, i leader del movimento avevano parlato di un «rilancio primaverile» delle proteste, anche sulla scia delle polemiche per le donazioni per la ricostruzione della cattedrale. «Non spegne la nostra lotta e non va strumentalizzato», ha però sottolineato il legale del movimento, Juan Branco.
Imponente lo schieramento di forze dell’ordine: 60mila gli agenti in campo in tutta la Francia di cui oltre 5mila nella sola capitale. Un appello via Twitter è arrivato dalla prefettura parigina ai manifestanti «più tranquilli»: «Troncate subito con i violenti», si legge nel messaggio che chiede di dissociarsi dai gruppi violenti per permettere alla polizia di intervenire.
Des groupes violents se sont constitués dans le cortège à proximité de la place de la République, désolidarisez vous de ces groupes, laissez les forces de l’ordre et de secours intervenir. pic.twitter.com/zl9mcgukHi
Il presidente Emmanuel Macron ha ricevuto il ministro dell’Interno Christophe Castaner all’Eliseo a mezzogiorno per un «punto di vista» su questo nuovo giorno di mobilitazione. Il presidente farà giovedì alle 18 il suo discorso sul «Grande dibattito nazionale» lanciato proprio dopo la crisi dei Gilet gialli. Macron spiegherà quali saranno le misure prese a conclusione del «Gran Debat», in nome del quale ha girato il Paese in lungo e largo per ascoltare le opinioni dei cittadini.
«Le gouvernement français, devant l’exigence formulée par l’Onu d’ouvrir une enquête sur «l’usage excessif de la force», s’est dit «étonné» de se retrouver sur une liste entre le Venezuela et Haïti et a donné sa vision de la situation.»
«No matter how charming the French are — in France, it’s always and above all about French interests» [AKK]
* * *
Il problema è semplicissimo
«Emmanuel Macron portrays himself as the great proponent of European Union integration. But his electioneering is opening rifts with his EU allies.»
«In the past 48 hours, the French president has taken divisive positions on Brexit, trade talks with the U.S. and the explosive situation in Libya. On all those issues, Macron has found himself opposed by the rest of the EU.»
«That means speaking out against a potential trade deal with the U.S., even as the EU moves toward negotiations. It means fighting the rest of the EU to limit the amount over extra time given to the U.K. to complete Brexit»
«It even meant watering EU criticism of Libyan warlord Khalifa Haftar»
«That might not resonate much with voters, but it’s another sign of the new fighting spirit in France»
«EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker accused Macron of hijacking the Brexit talks to serve his own domestic political purposes»
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Tra quaranta giorni circa ci saranno le elezioni e le manfrine elettorali dovrebbero terminare.
Però gli equilibri sono stati rotti, e la gente ha memoria buona. Mr Macron si sta isolando con le sue mani.
«No matter how charming the French are — in France, it’s always and above all about French interests» [AKK]
Emmanuel Macron portrays himself as the great proponent of European Union integration. But his electioneering is opening rifts with his EU allies.
In the past 48 hours, the French president has taken divisive positions on Brexit, trade talks with the U.S. and the explosive situation in Libya. On all those issues, Macron has found himself opposed by the rest of the EU.
The 41-year-old leader is gearing up for the European parliamentary elections at the end of May, his first major electoral test since winning power in 2017. With only a narrow lead in polls over the nationalist group led by Marine Le Pen, Macron is on the look out for any opportunity to show French voters he will fight for their interests.
That means speaking out against a potential trade deal with the U.S., even as the EU moves toward negotiations. It means fighting the rest of the EU to limit the amount over extra time given to the U.K. to complete Brexit.
It even meant watering EU criticism of Libyan warlord Khalifa Haftar, a French ally, despite the fact he ignored French calls to halt his offensive against Tripoli. That might not resonate much with voters, but it’s another sign of the new fighting spirit in France.
In Brussels, on Wednesday, EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker accused Macron of hijacking the Brexit talks to serve his own domestic political purposes. “I assume this role but I think it’s for the common good,” Macron told reporters as he left the meeting.
Macron’s courtship of voters will continue next week with the results of his 10-week debate with citizens across the country on how to tackle France’s problems. The president is due to set out his conclusions from the process, designed to take the heat out of the Yellow Vest protests which have been roiling the country for almost six months.
«- Taxes must ‘fall and fall fast,’ Edouard Philippe says
‘- Great Debate’ also calls for proportional representation
The French want to pay less tax.
That was the clear message that emerged from a two-month “Great Debate” that saw voters present their grievances and suggest remedies to President Emmanuel Macron.
“There’s an exasperation about taxes,” Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said in Paris April 8, as he was presented with a study outlining the findings of the national debate. “The clear message is that taxes must fall and fall fast.”»
«French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said that after three months of public debate it was that clear tax cuts must be speeded up to quell the widespread anger over high living costs that has fueled anti-government protests. ….
“The debate clearly shows us in which direction we need to go: we need to lower taxes and lower them faster,” ….
The French have understood … that we cannot lower taxes if we don’t lower public spending»
Più chiari di così non si potrebbe essere.
«taxes must fall and fall fast»
Il nostro buon Lenin lo aveva detto in una chiarissima, estrema sintesi: “la borghesia la ammazzi con le tasse”.
Non aveva previsto che anche i borghesi possono scendere in piazza e fare un putifarre.
«cutting taxes must be a priority, in response to a national debate that focused on the yellow vest protesters’ grievances.»
«the debate clearly shows us in which direction we need to go: we need to lower taxes and lower them faster»
«France has the highest taxation rate among developed countries»
«Data from the OECD economic think-tank for 2017 shows France top, with taxes equivalent to 46.2% of national output (GDP), with Denmark second (46%) and Sweden third (44%).»
«spending was 31.2% of GDP in France in 2018; in second place was Belgium (28.9%) and third was Finland (28.7%). The UK figure was 20.6%.»
«Tax cuts have been a key demand of the yellow vest (“gilets jaunes”) movement»
«Mr Philippe said the three-month national debate had highlighted “immense frustration over taxes”.»
«Yellow vest protesters accuse Mr Macron of protecting the Parisian elite, especially the wealthy, while neglecting the hardship of citizens in the provinces.»
* * * * * * *
In Germania sono in corso manifestazioni di piazza contro il caro-affitti: il popolo sta finalmente alzando la testa.
Ci si domanda se per avere un taglio delle tasse anche in Italia i Patrioti non debbano scendere in piazza a manifestare tutta la loro rabbia violenta.
The French government must implement bold tax cuts, the prime minister said on Monday, after a mass public consultation called in the wake of “yellow vest” protests that shook President Emmanuel Macron.
Giving the first conclusions of a “Great National Debate” which was launched in January in response to the protests, Prime Minister Edouard Philippe said French citizens had expressed “an enormous exasperation” over the heavy tax burden.
“The debates show us very clearly which way to go. We need to lower taxes, and lower them more quickly,” he told an audience in Paris.
The “yellow vest” protests, so called for the fluorescent vests worn by demonstrators, began in mid-November initially over fuel taxes before morphing into a nation-wide revolt against Macron.
The 41-year-old centrist came to power in May 2017 promising pro-business reforms and he has focused his tax cuts so far on companies and high-earners in a bid to increase investment and lower unemployment.
The president is expected to announce new policies in a major speech planned in the middle of the month.
The “Great National Debate” involved 10,000 meetings in community halls around the country, around two million online contributions and saw Macron join local events for nearly 100 hours in total.
As well as lower taxes, Philippe said that several other themes which had emerged during the consultation, which was designed to draw the anger out of the “yellow vest” protest movement.
Citizens wanted a more direct say in the running of the country – so-called “participatory democracy” – and action to combat climate change.
“We have reached a point where hesitating would be worse than an error, it would be an offence,” Philippe added. “The need for change is so radical that any conservatism, any feebleness would be unforgiveable in my view.”
France has the highest taxation rate in the developed world, according to the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
Ogniqualvolta ci si appresta ad un confronto, sarebbe regola aurea non sottovalutare mai l’avversario.
Non lo si sottovaluti sia che si stia vincendo sia che si stia perdendo, ma ci si ricordi sempre che spesso si vince sfruttando gli errori dell’avversario.
Ci si ricordi del duello Spasskij – Fischer quando quest’ultimo, dopo una difesa Benon, fece la mossa Ch5!, violando tutte le regole scacchistiche allora in uso. Fu il discrimine verso la vittoria del torneo mondiale. Da quel momento Spasskij, il campione del mondo in carica, perse la fiducia che aveva in sé stesso, mentre Fisher sfruttò ad arte anche la minima sbavatura di campione, e vinse così il torneo.
* * *
Non si sottovaluti quindi Mr Macron.
«France’s Golden Boy Learns How to Fight»
Aveva subito tre smacchi consecutivi: l’affaire Benalla, il fallimento del suo progetto di rinascita dell’Europa ed infine la rivolta dei Gilets Jaunes.
La Francia sta attraversando un periodo di profonda crisi politica, sociale ed economica. Per tamponare le richieste della piazza Mr Macron dovrà fare ricorso massiccio al debito, sinistrando ulteriormente la già traballante situazione, ma questi effetti si vedranno dopo le elezioni europee, che potrebbe anche vincere più per gli errori degli avversari che per i suoi meriti.
Se è vero che il suo tasso di esecrabilità si aggira attorno al 68%, e che il suo partito difficilmente potrà conseguire più di una ventina di seggi nel nuovo europarlamento, sarebbe altrettanto vero comprendere come Mr Macron non è stato annientato. È solo un cinghiale ferito.
A novembre del prossimo anno si terranno le elezioni amministrative. Non sono disponibili sondaggi recenti, ma si dovrebbe tener presente come questa tipologia elettorale risenta solo parzialmente dei grandi problemi nazionali, e come il voto nella provincia agricola differisca spesso da quello delle grandi città.
* * *
Nel presente staremo a vedere come Mr Macron saprà gestire la situazione attuale, e possibilità ne avrebbe.
«So far, his La République en Marche party (LREM) has been leading in the polls, followed by Marine Le Pen’s Rassemblement national. If he wins the election, he figures he will have regained the public’s trust, giving him the necessary political capital to continue pursuing his plans to reform France»
«The French voted for Macron because he promised an historic break with the past: tabula rasa»
«The French, however, didn’t want a leader who spoke like a manager and acted like a monarch»
«Opinion polls show that two-thirds of the French electorate want him to change»
«His personality, not his policies, became his problem»
«can his nationwide debate be translated into concrete results?»
«The stability of a country is contingent upon liberty»
* * *
Bene. Molti adesso stanno aspettando una mossa degna del genio di Fisher.
When faced with the anger of the yellow-vests movement, French President Emmanuel Macron was almost taken down by his own hubris. Now he has emerged from the crisis with a new fighting spirit, marking a turning point for him — and for the country.
It feels like he’s always being hounded by this face, its smooth features, the straight nose, the pronounced jawbone. “You’re posing everywhere as if you were a model for a mail-order catalogue,” writes François Ruffin.
He describes his loathing for the French president as something “physical” — a deeply visceral reaction. And he’s by far not the only one. According to Ruffin, this hate “has become a political fact.”
Ruffin is a journalist and the director of an award-winning documentary. He’s two years older than Macron and, like the French president, hails from the northern French city of Amiens. In his recently published book, he links Macron’s personal history with his own. The title speaks volumes: “This Country That You Don’t Know.”
When Macron was elected president in 2017, Ruffin won a seat in parliament as a candidate for the left-wing populist La France Insoumise (Unbowed France) party. But even before that, the activist was making headlines in France. In 2016, Ruffin became the figurehead of the Nuit debout movement, in which protesters occupied the Place de la République in Paris every night. Viewed from today’s perspective, this was a precursor of sorts for the yellow vest movement.
The excessive manner in which Ruffin loathes Macron currently seems like a blueprint for what is happening across the country. A wave of hatred is sweeping across France and the objects of people’s ire range from “the rich,” the police and the Jews, to members of parliament and, of course, Macron.
Indeed, nearly two years after his election as the youngest president in the history of the Fifth Republic, the country that he intended to unite — as he promised on the evening of his election — is deeply divided, perhaps now more than before.
Macron, the man who wanted to do everything differently than his predecessor, knows that he’s walking on thin ice — and can break through at any time. At least that’s what he told people close to him, and no one disagreed with them. In the past, everything always seemed to fall into his lap, but now he faces daunting challenges. He’ll rise to the occasion, according to those who know him well. “Emmanuel is especially good when the going gets tough,” they say.
And things have become tough in this second year of his presidency, a term in office that began — just as he had imagined it for so long — as a modern heroic epic.
An exceptionally talented young man won the French presidential election, against all odds, and stunned the political establishment.
At the moment of his victory, in May 2017, Emmanuel Jean-Michel Frédéric Macron, 39, stood on a stage in the courtyard of the Louvre and promised to bring the French together and overcome all differences. “I will always tell you the truth,” he exclaimed. Everything seemed possible at that moment.
But nearly two years later, things now look different — and since the magic is gone, he has to put up a fight.
A Fierce Debate
It was already dark when his official state car rolled up to the multi-purpose hall in Bourg-de-Péage, a small town behind the TGV train station of the district of Valence, in the hinterlands of southern France. The town is a perfect example of the fractures in French society that are both a symptom and a cause of the protests, organized by the so-called yellow vests, who have been hounding Macron for months. The movement, which is highly disparate, has taken aim at many things, but primarily at him. The crowd in the building that evening consisted of everyday people sitting on plastic chairs. They’d signed up for this event without knowing that the president would also be there. Some of them were wearing yellow vests.
After the riots by the yellow vests in December, Macron declared that it was time for him and his fellow citizens to engage in a “grand debate” throughout the country for two months. He spoke with pensioners and young people, mayors and prefects, and he invited intellectuals to Élysée Palace and discussed with them until two in the morning about the difference between the “narrative identity” and the “coagulated identity.” He also traveled to little-known places like Bourg-de-Péage, Étang-sur-Arroux, Grand Bourgtheroulde and Souillac. Macron found himself engaged in an endless town hall meeting, in events that resembled hand-to-hand combat. The debate was his weapon, his antidote for the yellow-vest poison, and a way of appeasing those who hate him.
In Bourg-de-Péage, the treatment appeared to work. At first, he received a lukewarm welcome, but was ultimately sent off with a large round of applause, even from those wearing safety vests.
The magic still worked: If Macron can make eye contact with the enemy, he has actually already won.
Macron said: “You can speak as freely as you want, but please, you’re not allowed to say things that aren’t true.”
And: “Listen, our constitution is not a writing workshop where millions of people can practice a bit of scribbling.” And, time and again: “I hear your anger” — “I respect your rage.” And yet he made it clear that the government couldn’t be held responsible for everything. “I don’t have a magic wand,” he said, before he passed the microphone to a man wearing a yellow vest. The activist said that he didn’t even bother to vote because it made no difference anyway.
Macron quipped: “If the non-voters block the roundabouts because they’re suddenly dissatisfied, then that’s anything but democratic!” and received a round of applause. There he was again, the uber-performer, the stage hog. The next day, LeMonde‘s headline read: “Macron Is Back on the Campaign Trail.” It was a compliment.
But, as in any fight, Macron’s winning streak couldn’t go on forever.
No Longer the Golden Child
Last weekend, right at the conclusion of his “grand débat,” violence erupted again, worse than ever. Several newspaper stands were torched on the Champs-Élysées and numerous shops looted. Fouquet’s, the swanky restaurant where former French President Nicolas Sarkozy once celebrated his election victory, now looks like a scene out of a disaster film. The yellow vest movement has waned since the beginning of the debates, and support for the protesters among the population has declined, but the violence remains.
That’s one side of the current situation. The other is that tens of thousands of French people spent weeks peacefully talking about democratic participation, climate protection and the transition to renewable energy. They talked about what their society should look like and what policies should be made for them.
Macron’s debate was a success for him personally as well. The longer he traveled through the country, listened and explained, the higher his approval rating in the opinion polls.
“He could seduce a chair,” French author Emmanuel Carrère wrote in a profile of Macron. As much as one side dislikes the man, the other admires him to no end. The French also had differing opinions of his predecessors, but with Macron it’s new that these emotions swing to such extremes. And that has to do with Macron himself, even if he refuses to recognize this when asked about it.
One evening in January, the Sofitel Cairo was lit up in the three colors of the French flag. For their state visit to Egypt, Macron and his wife Brigitte were staying in the high-rise hotel on an island in the Nile. He sat in a small, stuffy room in front of a bouquet of flowers and over a dozen journalists. It’s not often that people can get so up close and personal with him. He even left his security personnel out in front of the door.
As a rule, he doesn’t give background interviews during trips. According to Macron, a president should speak to journalists as little as possible, as he made clear when he took office. But after initially seeking to distance himself from the press, he now increasingly has to provide explanations and correct the image that he projects to the outside world — an image that has slipped from his control.
What have they done to him these last few months to transform this political darling, who seemed to have everything go his way, into a fighter, into someone who had to struggle even to achieve small successes?
– Monsieur le Président, are you familiar with “Polycrates’ Ring,” the ballad by Schiller?
He laughed and nodded. He likes such questions and finds them so much more interesting than the usual queries about the speed limit and the apartment tax. He’s as fond of quoting as he is of reading.
Revenge of the Gods?
The author Philippe Besson released a novel last year, with a character named “Emmanuel M.” The book was a tribute to Macron and his abilities. Last summer, the president made Besson consulate general in Los Angeles, a surprise move that irked many people, including career diplomats who would have liked to have the position themselves. Besson gives a lot of thought in his book to what it’s like to be as clever and capable as Macron, and whether he more closely resembles Balzac’s Eugène de Rastignac or Flaubert’s Frédéric Moreau.
Or whether he’s more like Schiller’s Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos, who succeeds at everything he does. The ancient ruler’s friend and adviser was suspicious of so much good fortune and feared that it would provoke the envy of the gods.
– Monsieur Macron, are the yellow vests the revenge of the gods?
He leaned forward and placed his hands on his knees. No, he said that evening in Cairo. He was no longer smiling. The phenomena happening in France can also be observed in other countries, he said, and pointed to the upheaval many democracies are currently undergoing.
This analysis may not be completely erroneous, but it remains incomplete in one problematic respect.
– You yourself, your style of governing, bear no responsibility for it?
For a moment, he seemed indignant, as if he were no longer used to people prodding him with questions or accosting him with contrary opinions.
No, he said abruptly. Then, in a somewhat more conciliatory tone: “I’m a child of this anger.” And that’s not all. There were times when he fomented this rage against “the system” that he sought to bring down with his election victory. The French are simply a very political people, Macron said, adding that “what our country needs now is calm for reflection.”
The next day, he stood in the magnificent rotunda of the Egyptian presidential palace. There was a joint press conference with President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. Macron spoke of democracy and human rights. “The stability of a country is contingent upon liberty,” he said, but it was impossible to read any reaction on el-Sisi’s face. After the speeches, two questions were allowed, and an Egyptian asked, with a smug undertone, about the current state of stability in France.
The yellow vests were pursuing him all the way to Heliopolis.
A Testy Relationship with the Press
At any rate, his comments on freedom of the press prompted sarcastic remarks in the press gallery, which was primarily occupied by French journalists. Macron’s own relationship with the press is ambivalent. During the scandal over one of his security officers who had beaten protesters — an overture of sorts to the crisis mode that has marked his presidency for months — Macon publicly accused journalists of “no longer seeking the truth.” He believes it’s primarily their fault that he’s perceived as arrogant — essentially because that’s the way they portray him.
For a long time, he had a tense relationship with Le Monde because he didn’t feel that the newspaper took him seriously during the election. But he was the one who referred to himself time and time again as an “outsider” who operated “outside the political and media system.”
The media definitely played its part in his rapid rise to the top. In his two years as a minister under his predecessor, François Hollande, he attracted more attention than all the other cabinet members put together. That was his intention. While Hollande’s government sank to record new lows in the opinion polls practically every week, Macron became ever more popular.
His private life was strictly private, Macron the candidate insisted, then allowed himself, his wife, grandchildren and dog to be photographed for a magazine story. As president he is exclusively accompanied by his personal photographer, and he has entrusted the rights to his images to the agency of the notorious paparazzi queen Mimi Marchand. He also closed the Salle de Presse at Élysée Palace, a room for the press that had been arranged by former President François Mitterrand. Journalists no longer had any business being there.
He is the president and he can do what he wants — and he does in fact do many things differently than his predecessors. He even does things differently than he himself intended to do them, no matter how much thought he put into the way he wanted to occupy his office. He wanted it to be more hierarchical, more distanced — and less gossipy and dopey than under Hollande. Eventually, however, reality kicked in and everything turned out differently.
Macron didn’t herald this much talked about second phase in his presidency. His adversaries — the haters, so to speak — did.
His Personality is the Problem
The first year flew by in a flash. He was Emmanuel Macron, the political superstar. He underscored this image with long, solemn speeches about the future of Europe and the future of multilateralism. There was always something that he wanted to reestablish. His mandate was to be godlike, nothing less would do. The rest of the world liked this and began once again looking more often to France, and at this youthful-looking man with the grand gestures.
And it’s true that Macron managed to achieve within just a few months what his predecessors had failed to do for decades: present France as a modern country and a leading European nation with ideas. The magazine Foreign Policy wrote that Macron probably ranked alongside presidents like Charles de Gaulle and François Mitterrand. The otherwise so skeptical Economist found that “France exceeded all expectations” and had essentially revamped its image.
It was a bit too much of everything — too much praise, too much grandstanding.
The French voted for Macron because he promised an historic break with the past: tabula rasa. A brusque change from his phlegmatic predecessor who was calling Macron his “protégé” even after the ambitious young man had already launched his En Marche! movement and was openly flirting with the idea of running for president. Macron was a disruptor determined to sweep aside the establishment. He promised a transformation, democratic participation, jobs. The French, however, didn’t want a leader who spoke like a manager and acted like a monarch.
Opinion polls show that two-thirds of the French electorate want him to change. His personality, not his policies, became his problem. Instead of producing an endless string of new ideas and speeches — a personal tick of his that many, including German diplomats, find highly annoying — it is now time for him to address the high expectations that he’s raised. That’s no small task. How, for example, can his nationwide debate be translated into concrete results? How can he take thousands of suggestions on board and avoid frustrating thousands of participants?
In François Ruffin’s hate pamphlet, the man who has such a visceral aversion to Macron marvels at how youthful the president’s face still appears. No rings under the eyes, no lines, not even a pimple, he writes. “Normally you find traces of disappointment, suffering, at least of something human in a face.”
But Ruffin can rest assured that this presidency will leave its mark on Macron and his face. He’s the only one capable of turning the situation around.
He has what it takes to pull it off. He now realizes that he can’t govern while basking in the adulation of throngs of admirers, and now that two of his closest advisers from the election campaign days have resigned from their positions, he knows that he has to surround himself with people who tick differently than he does.
Until recently, the staff at Élysée Palace still thought the president was so brilliant he didn’t have to be popular as well. But now they’ve gradually revised this view. They realize that it can be helpful for the electorate to agree on the challenges the president is seeking to tackle.
The European elections will take place in just a few weeks and, ever since the days when seemingly everything Macron touched turned to gold, he has said these elections are a crucial litmus test of the national mood.
So far, his La République en Marche party (LREM) has been leading in the polls, followed by Marine Le Pen’s Rassemblement national. If he wins the election, he figures he will have regained the public’s trust, giving him the necessary political capital to continue pursuing his plans to reform France.
On a Thursday in February, Macron stood in a sweat-soaked shirt with his sleeves rolled up and spoke to a crowd of hundreds of young people in an airless gymnasium in Burgundy. After over three hours of discussing education and nuclear power, the possibilities of representative democracy and the advantages of national referendums, everyone in the gym seemed to be totally exhausted — everyone, that is, except one person. When his advisers motioned to him that it was time to wrap things up, he called out in their direction: “Could we please continue a little bit? Would that be possible?”
He may always have been lucky, but he also knows how to fight.
«With the threat of punitive U.S. tariffs on European cars and auto parts looming, EU ambassadors in Brussels will be looking to France to break a deadlock that’s prevented the bloc’s executive arm from starting trans-Atlantic trade talks.»
«There’s a lot at stake because a delay by EU governments in approving a negotiating mandate risks provoking Donald Trump’s ire and prompting him to impose the automotive levies, which could throw Europe’s economy into a recession»
«Many countries in the bloc want to try to keep the duties at bay by showing Trump progress toward a goal of cutting industrial tariffs, but France has been stalling over environmental and policy concerns.»
«France won’t succumb to U.S. pressure for an outright ban on Chinese equipment from 5G procurement, but the likes of Huawei will be asked to pay a price they may find unpalatable»
Con la minaccia di tariffe punitive degli Stati Uniti sulle auto ed i ricambi europei, i rappresentanti dell’UE a Bruxelles si rivolgeranno alla Francia per sbloccare una situazione di stallo che ha impedito al braccio esecutivo del blocco di avviare negoziati commerciali transatlantici. C’è molto in gioco perché un ritardo da parte dei governi dell’UE nell’approvazione di un mandato negoziale rischia di provocare l’ira di Donald Trump e di spingerlo a imporre le tasse automobilistiche, che potrebbero gettare l’economia europea in una recessione. Molti paesi del blocco vogliono cercare di tenere a bada i dazi mostrando i progressi di Trump verso l’obiettivo di ridurre le tariffe industriali, ma la Francia si è fermata su questioni ambientali e politiche.
La Francia non intende cedere alle pressioni degli Stati Uniti per un divieto assoluto sulle attrezzature cinesi da 5G procurement, ma a ditte come Huawei sarà chiesto di pagare un prezzo che potrebbero trovare troppo sgradevole
* * *
La posizione francese, proprio nel periodo pre elettorale europeo, risulterebbe essere molto poco apprezzata dagli altri stati membri dell’Unione Europea.
Queste motivazioni si aggiungono alle molte altre e potrebbero determinare incrinature così severe da spaccare l’Unione Europea.
Molti malpensanti collegano infatti le attuali posizioni francesi al fatto che a breve dovranno presentare un budget in forte deficit, per il dover soddisfare almeno parzialmente le richieste fatte dalla piazza.
With the threat of punitive U.S. tariffs on European cars and auto parts looming, EU ambassadors in Brussels will be looking to France to break a deadlock that’s prevented the bloc’s executive arm from starting trans-Atlantic trade talks. There’s a lot at stake because a delay by EU governments in approving a negotiating mandate risks provoking Donald Trump’s ire and prompting him to impose the automotive levies, which could throw Europe’s economy into a recession. Many countries in the bloc want to try to keep the duties at bay by showing Trump progress toward a goal of cutting industrial tariffs, but France has been stalling over environmental and policy concerns.
NATO Niceties | Trump may have spent a lot of time over the past couple of years criticizing his NATO allies, but defense officials in Brussels expect NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg’s speech to the U.S. Congress today to highlight the American political establishment’s continued commitment to trans-Atlantic security.
Huawei’s Limits | France won’t succumb to U.S. pressure for an outright ban on Chinese equipment from 5G procurement, but the likes of Huawei will be asked to pay a price they may find unpalatable. Under a bill parliament starts debating today, companies will have to agree to submit their equipment to broadened technical tests, which may be akin to handing over industrial secrets, in order to be eligible for the lucrative network contracts.
Poof-It’s Gone! | He looks a bit like Doc from the “Back to the Future” movies and he claims it could take minutes, rather than thousands of years, to zap nuclear waste. Meet the physics professor in France — also a Nobel laureate — who has captured the imagination of the country’s nuclear industry with his radical findings.
In Case You Missed It
Italy Warning | European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker urged Italy’s populist government to do more to boost the country’s contracting economy, an admonition that came a day after the OECD spotlighted economic and fiscal concerns of its own.
Steel Solutions | Thyssenkrupp and Tata Steel have offered to sell assets in Belgium, Spain and the U.K. to win antitrust approval for a European steel joint venture. The two companies are working to ease concerns flagged by European regulators that the combination of their steel operations would have too much control over market supply and prices.
No Exemption | The EU ordered the U.K. to claw back illegal tax breaks designed to lure multinationals, a timely reminder that it still calls the shots on competition rules until Britain leaves the bloc. The European Commission said Britain gave certain multinationals a selective advantage by granting them an unjustified exemption from anti–tax avoidance rules.
Merger Backing | German Finance Minster Olaf Scholz gave the possible merger between Deutsche Bank and Commerzbank a fresh push by reviving his call for a national banking champion that can support German businesses at home and abroad. The negotiations are entering a critical phase.
German Reparations | Poland’s ruling party is returning to the controversial topic of World War II reparations from Germany, calling on its western neighbor to take “responsibility” for the economic costs of its invasion eight decades ago. Calls for reparations from the war, during which about six million Poles — half of them Jews — were killed, have soured ties between Warsaw and Berlin.
La Francia è la grande malata cronica dell’Unione Europea: il suo morbo si chiama debito pubblico.
Nel 2006 il rapporto debito/pil era 64.60%, nel 2012 era 90..60%, a fine 2017 valeva 98.50%.
La tabella che riporta il deficit è impressionante: si va dai -193.785 miliardi Usd nel 2009, ai -114.836 miliardi Usd nel 2013, ai -67.038 miliardi Usd nel 2017.
In poche parole, la Francia è una nazione che tira avanti solo perché fa debiti: ma verrà bene il momento in cui si arriverà al redde rationem.
«France’s debt reached 2.3153 trillion euros ($2.62 trillion), just 1.4 billion euros below its southern neighbor’s. Italy’s debt as a ratio of economic output — 132.1 percent of GDP — is also the second-biggest in the euro region after Greece, and still much higher than France’s 98.4 percent»
«France’s economic woes resurfaced at the end of the first quarter as business activity unexpectedly resumed a decline»
«IHS Markit’s measure of manufacturing and services dropped to 48.7 this month»
«The French private sector was unable to continue the recovery seen in February, …. It looks fragile, with the latest data consistent with a stagnation of economic growth»
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Spesso piove sul bagnato.
La rivolta dei Patrioti dei Gilets Jaunes ha messo Mr Macron con le spalle al muro: a fronte di un salario mediano dei circa 1,200 euro al mese, la soglia di povertà vale 1,640 euro: il 50% della popolazione guadagna meno di 1,200 euro al mese, 440 euro sotto la soglia di povertà. Nulla da stupirsi se sia scesa in piazza e che abbia dimostrato tutta la sua rabbia: si è fatta sentire.
Mr Macron non ha ancora definito gli interventi che prenderà: per il momento ha fatto solo promesse, tranne qualche ritocco marginale.
Si prospetta però un esborso totale che potrebbe variare dai quaranta ai sessanta miliardi di interventi strutturali, ossia perduranti nel tempo.
Ma in una situazione economica di “stagnation of economic growth” l’unica via praticabile non può essere altro che un ulteriore massiccio ricorso al debito.
Quattro conti in croce: tra qualche anno il rapporto debito/pil francese supererà quello italiano.
Italy remained the holder of Europe’s biggest public-debt burden in 2018 even after France’s rose to almost match it. France’s debt reached 2.3153 trillion euros ($2.62 trillion), just 1.4 billion euros below its southern neighbor’s. Italy’s debt as a ratio of economic output — 132.1 percent of GDP — is also the second-biggest in the euro region after Greece, and still much higher than France’s 98.4 percent.
France’s economic woes resurfaced at the end of the first quarter as business activity unexpectedly resumed a decline.
IHS Markit’s measure of manufacturing and services dropped to 48.7 this month, falling once again below the 50 level that separates expansion from contraction. The figure was less than February’s reading of 50.4 and defied economists’ predictions for a small improvement.
The euro erased gains to trade little changed at $1.1374 as of 9:17 a.m. in Paris.
Demand for new orders fell and work from abroad fell at the fastest pace for nearly three years, with some survey respondents blaming disruption from the by the Yellow Vests protesters and the postponement of Algerian elections. Firms also became less confident in the outlook for business, Markit said.
“The French private sector was unable to continue the recovery seen in February,” said Eliot Kerr, an economist at IHS Markit. It “looks fragile, with the latest data consistent with a stagnation of economic growth.”
Earlier this month, the European Central Bank reacted to a softer outlook by delivering a fresh round of monetary stimulus in the forms of new loans for banks and slashing its growth forecast for 2019.
Markit is due to release its readings for the German and euro-area economies later Friday.
«Les “gilets jaunes” se sont donné rendez-vous pour le vingtième samedi de mobilisation. Des défilés ont été annoncés à Marseille, Rennes, Caen, Rouen, Montbéliard, Strasbourg ou encore Nice. Pour cet “acte 20”, de nouvelles interdictions de manifester ont été prononcées à Paris, sur les Champs-Élysées et dans certaines villes de province»
I francesi hanno una storia della quale non gradiscono parlare, ma che pesa però come un macigno.
Durante la seconda guerra mondiale larga quota della popolazione collaborò con le forze di occupazione, e questo sarebbe stato ancora il meno. Molti francesi si fecero parte attiva, con uno zelo financo superiore a quello degli occupanti.
La Rafle du Vel’ d’Hiv fu progettata ed eseguita dai francesi con grande collaborazione popolare. I rastrellati, 4,051 bambini e 5,802 donne, furono internati a Dancy, ove le guardie erano tutte francesi.
Questo è solo un esempio. Uno dei tanti.
Francesi e polizia francese possono diventare di una ferocia che nulla ha da invidiare a quella di altri popoli tanto da loro vituperati.
Adesso se la stanno prendendo con i Gilets Jaunes.
Molti social network stanno sistematicamente bloccando i post su questo argmento.
Non possiamo usare le parole che avremmo voluto usare.
GILETS JAUNES – Le policier qui a bousculé la gilet jaune Geneviève Legay a présenté ses excuses à la septuagénaire alors que l’acte 20 des gilets jaunes a vu une baisse de la mobilisation samedi 30 mars. Retrouvez toutes les informations ici.
– Geneviève Legay était tombée, poussée par un policier, samedi 23 mars, lors de l’acte 19 des gilets jaunes à Nice. Le procureur de la République a, samedi 30 mars, reconnu qu’un membre des forces de l’ordre était bien à l’origine de la chute de la septuagénaire. Le policier incriminé a présenté ses excuses, via son avocat. Il a exprimé ses “sincères regrets”, mais a néanmoins rappelé avoir agi, durant la manifestation, sous les ordres de sa hiérarchie.
– Samedi 30 mars, l’acte 20 des gilets jaunes, marqué par des hommages à Geneviève Legay, a cependant moins mobilisé que la semaine passée. Selon le ministère de l’Intérieur, 33 700 gilets jaunes ont manifesté contre 40 500 pour l’acte 19. Les gilets jaunes, avec Le Nombre jaune, ont comptabilisé 102 713 manifestants.
– Les gilets jaunes devraient poursuivre leur mouvement, comme l’a indiqué Éric Drouet, présent à Bordeaux, au micro de BFMTV. “Tout le mois d’avril, ça va se passer comme ça. Il y a un appel le 6 ou 7 avril à Lille, le 13 ou 14 c’est à Toulouse, ensuite le 20 ce sera de nouveau à Paris, et cætera…”, a-t-il expliqué. Sur les réseaux sociaux, un acte 21 intitulé “le carnaval des gilets jaunes” circulent, selon 20 Minutes.
Les “gilets jaunes” se sont donné rendez-vous pour le vingtième samedi de mobilisation. Des défilés ont été annoncés à Marseille, Rennes, Caen, Rouen, Montbéliard, Strasbourg ou encore Nice. Pour cet “acte 20”, de nouvelles interdictions de manifester ont été prononcées à Paris, sur les Champs-Élysées et dans certaines villes de province. À Bordeaux, la préfecture évoque des “risques avérés de dégradations”.
Les Champs-Élysées interdits, au moins une marche prévue à Paris. Le 18 mars, après des violences et pillages survenus à loccasion du 18ème acte des “gilets jaunes” à Paris, le Premier ministre Édouard Philippe avait annoncé linterdiction de manifester “chaque fois quil le faudra”, dans les quartiers “les plus touchés”. Ce sera à nouveau le cas sur les Champs-Élysées samedi, comme la indiqué le ministre de l’Intérieur Christophe Castaner mercredi : “Jai donné des instructions extrêmement précises au préfet de police pour que la demande de manifestation sur les Champs-Élysées samedi prochain, qui nest quune provocation à de nouvelles violences, soit interdite.”
Ce samedi 30 mars, lacte 20 du mouvement des “gilets jaunes” sera une nouvelle fois marqué par de nombreuses interdictions de manifester. Le Figaro fait le point sur ce qui est déjà mis en place dans les villes. Les événements se multiplient sur les réseaux sociaux pour fédérer les “gilets jaunes” partout en France.
Au moins une marche déclarée est prévue à Paris. Le rendez-vous est fixé à 11 heures pour un départ à 13h30 de la gare de lEst en direction du Trocadéro.
Des interdictions à Avignon, Toulouse et Rouen. Plusieurs préfectures ont également annoncé des interdictions de manifester à Avignon, Saint-Etienne, Toulouse, Epinal et Rouen, pour prévenir les violences et les pillages. À Avignon, où un appel national à manifester samedi avait été lancé par des “gilets jaunes” sur les réseaux sociaux, la préfecture du Vaucluse a interdit tout rassemblement ou manifestation du mouvement de 9 heures à minuit, “intra-muros” et sur plusieurs axes périphériques. La gare centrale est également fermée. Le préfet du Vaucluse a évoqué “notamment la présence prévisible de personnes appartenant à des groupes activistes violents”.
La préfète de Normandie a quant à elle a pris un arrêté interdisant toute manifestation dans le centre-ville de Rouen, selon un périmètre identique à celui du samedi 23 mars. Cest le cas aussi à Toulouse, où la place du Capitole est interdite aux “gilets jaunes”.
À Bordeaux, lun des bastions du mouvement, des “risques avérés de dégradations et de violences” inquiètent la préfecture, qui a fait part de son intention de renforcer le dispositif de sécurité et de secours. Les commerçants du centre-ville sont appelés à “prendre des mesures de précaution particulières”, en retirant notamment de la voie publique tout ce qui peut “faire office de projectile”. La préfecture a publié les arrêtés désormais habituels dinterdiction de manifester dans une longue liste de rues et places du centre ville, encore élargie, ainsi que de transporter ou vendre toute forme de produits dartifice, carburant au détail ou autres produits inflammables.
À Avignon, un appel national à manifester a été lancé sur les réseaux sociaux. Citant “la présence prévisible de personnes appartenant à des groupes activistes violents”, la préfecture du Vaucluse a interdit tout rassemblement ou manifestation du mouvement de 9h à minuit, “intra-muros” et sur plusieurs axes périphériques.Les “gilets jaunes” ont néanmoins donné rendez-vous à midi au Palais des Papes, lieu symbolique chargé dhistoire, arguant qu”il nest pas interdit de se promener”.
Les “gilets jaunes” dans la rue pour leur acte 20
Le nouveau maire de Bordeaux, Nicolas Florian, demande lui aux habitants de “rester chez eux” et aux commerces de “baisser leur rideau” pour créer “une ville morte”. “Je suis très inquiet de ce qui pourrait se passer. On nous annonce des centaines de casseurs, de gens qui sont là pour en découdre”, a déclaré à la presse le successeur dAlain Juppé, vendredi.
Mouvements sociaux #samedi#bordeaux. La préfecture #Gironde en coordination avec @Bordeaux appelle les commerçants du centre-ville à prendre des mesures de précaution particulières au regard des risques avérés de dégradations et de violences pic.twitter.com/DBRY2eBR4p
De leur côté, la CGT Ford, avec Philippe Poutou, mais aussi plusieurs branches de SUD, ont appelé à manifester ce même samedi dans le centre-ville, devant la résidence du préfet, contre “la loi anti-casseurs” et “pour la liberté de manifester”. Par ailleurs, un “Village jaune citoyen”, rassemblement statique sous tentes, organisé depuis deux samedis en bord de Garonne, sans incident mais sans grande affluence, a de nouveau été autorisé.
Attac a appelé vendredi les “gilets jaunes” à brandir des “drapeaux de la paix” en soutien à la porte-parole de lassociation altermondialiste Geneviève Legay, poussée par un policier samedi dernier en manifestant dans un périmètre interdit. Lorganisation appelle les manifestants participant à lacte 20 des “gilets jaunes” à se munir dun drapeau arc-en-ciel, comme celui que portait Geneviève Legay quand elle a été blessée. À Nice, où les faits sétaient déroulés, les manifestants sont appelés à se rassembler à partir de 13h30 à la gare.
Après un “acte 18” particulièrement violent qui avait réuni 32.000 personnes sur lensemble du territoire, “lordre républicain a été maintenu” lors de “lacte 19” samedi dernier, sétait réjouit Christophe Castaner. Les manifestants étaient pourtant plus nombreux : 40.500, dont 5.000 à Paris. Le ministre de lIntérieur a fait savoir mercredi que 304 personnes avaient été interpellées en France à cette occasion, dont 262 ont été placées en garde à vue. La garde des Sceaux Nicole Belloubet a enfin rappelé que près de 9.000 personnes avaient été placées en garde à vue depuis le début du mouvement des “gilets jaunes” et parmi elles, environ 2.000 ont été condamnées.
Pour ce vingtième samedi de mobilisation, plusieurs préfectures ont interdit les manifestations. Des appels à se rassembler circulent, notamment à Bordeaux, Avignon, Paris, Rennes ou encore Nice.
Samedi dernier, pour lacte 19, 40.500 personnes ont manifesté en France, dont 5.000 à Paris, selon les chiffres du ministère de lIntérieur, contestés par les “gilets jaunes” dont le propre comptage a recensé 127.212 manifestants dans tout le pays.
Les gilets jaunes ont appelé à rester mobilisés, samedi 30 mars, pour leur vingtième journée daction contre le pouvoir, tandis que les autorités ont de nouveau interdit toute manifestation sur les Champs-Elysées et dans plusieurs villes, craignant la présence de groupes violents .
Environ 40 500 personnes ont manifesté samedi dernier partout en France (5 000 à Paris). Au plus fort du mouvement, lors de la première journée de mobilisation le 17 novembre, les gilets jaunes avaient été 282 000 à manifester, selon les chiffres du ministère de lintérieur, que contestent les manifestants.
Deux manifestations et quatre rassemblements ont été déclarés, a indiqué la PP dans un communiqué, sans préciser les lieux. Elle craint néanmoins “des déambulations erratiques” ou des “cortèges sauvages” lors de leurs dispersions.
Dans le Sud-Ouest, Bordeaux, devenue au fil des semaines lun des bastions du mouvement social, apparaît comme un point de convergence, avec notamment un appel aux gilets jaunes de Toulouse à se joindre aux manifestations. La préfecture de la Gironde redoute la présence de certains groupes, violents et très déterminés , malgré linterdiction de manifester dans de nombreuses rues et places du centre-ville.
Le maire, Nicolas Florian (les Républicains), na pas caché vendredi son inquiétude et a décrété Bordeaux ville morte samedi, en demandant aux habitants de rester chez eux et aux commerces de baisser leur rideau . Je suis très inquiet de ce qui pourrait se passer. On nous annonce des centaines de casseurs, de gens qui sont là pour en découdre , a-t-il déclaré.
Dans une vidéo diffusée jeudi soir sur les réseaux sociaux, lune des figures des gilets jaunes , Eric Drouet, a indiqué quil serait sûrement dans la capitale girondine. Samedi tous à Bordeaux ? Pour ceux qui peuvent oui , a-t-il lancé. Ce chauffeur routier de Seine-et-Marne a été condamné vendredi à 2 000 euros damende, dont 500 avec sursis, pour organisation de manifestations sans autorisation préalable , les 22 décembre et 2 janvier. Son avocat a annoncé quil allait faire appel.
Un appel national à manifester samedi dans la ville du Sud-Est a été lancé sur les réseaux sociaux. Citant la présence prévisible de personnes appartenant à des groupes activistes violents , la préfecture du Vaucluse a interdit tout rassemblement ou manifestation du mouvement de 9 heures à minuit, intra-muros et sur plusieurs axes périphériques.
Le préfet du Vaucluse, Bertrand Gaume, évoque les appels à une manifestation nationale, relayés par les réseaux sociaux, et notamment la présence prévisible de personnes appartenant à des groupes activistes violents . Il souhaite en particulier protéger le Palais des papes, lieu symbolique qui demeure ainsi sensible . Les gilets jaunes ont néanmoins donné rendez-vous à midi au Palais des papes, arguant qu il nest pas interdit de se promener .
A Paris, de crainte de nouvelles scènes de violences et de saccages, les manifestations ont de nouveau été interdites sur les Champs-Elysées et la place de lEtoile, ainsi que dans un vaste périmètre comprenant lElysée et lAssemblée nationale. Des appels à se rassembler place du Châtelet ou gare de lEst en fin de matinée pour rallier la place du Trocadéro circulent malgré tout sur Internet.
Le ministre de lintérieur, Christophe Castaner, a estimé mercredi que la manifestation envisagée sur les Champs-Elysées dans le cadre de lacte XX des gilets jaunes nétait quune provocation à de nouvelles violences . Lobjectif est déviter que le scénario du 16 mars ne se reproduise, a souligné le ministre. Ce 18e samedi de manifestation avait été marqué par de violents heurts et dimportants dégâts matériels sur les Champs-Elysées. Dans la foulée, lexécutif avait renforcé son dispositif. Lors de lacte XIX du mouvement, le 23 mars, le défilé parisien sest déroulé sans heurts majeurs.
A Saint-Etienne, Epinal et Rouen, les préfectures ont également interdit les manifestations pour prévenir violences et pillages. Des manifestations ont été annoncées à Marseille, Rennes, Caen, Rouen, Montbéliard (Doubs), Strasbourg ou encore Nice.
Attac a par ailleurs appelé les gilets jaunes à brandir des drapeaux arc-en-ciel, en soutien à la porte-parole de lassociation altermondialiste Geneviève Legay, 73 ans, qui a violemment chuté dans une charge des forces de lordre en manifestant dans un périmètre interdit à Nice.
Des appels à bloquer certaines usines darmement ou qui fournissent des produits de maintien de lordre ont été lancés. Parmi les cibles, la Poudrerie à Pont-de-Buis, dans le Finistère, un site classé Seveso (installation présentant des risques industriels majeurs devant respecter des exigences de sûreté), ou lusine darmement Alsetex dans la Sarthe. Dans la Loire, lusine Verney-Carron, où étaient conçus – ce nest plus le cas – les Flash-Ball, est également dans le viseur de certains gilets jaunes .
Devant des enfants dune école à Beaupréau-en-Mauges (Maine-et-Loire), le président de la République, Emmanuel Macron, a affirmé jeudi quil avait compris le message . Et jai envie de répondre à ceux qui ne sont pas violents , a déclaré Emmanuel Macron. Les casseurs, ce sont les gilets jaunes que je naime pas , a-t-il ajouté, souhaitant que les manifestations se terminent au plus vite.
Si è anche tenuto un meeting tra Mr Xi, Mr Macron, Frau Merkel e Mr Juncker. Ma questo dopo la riunione sinofrancese all’Eliseo, ove Cina e Francia hanno varato un importante accordo. In questo articolo si tratterà solo dei rapporti sinofrancesi.
Riportiamo la versione cinese dei fatti.
«Chinese President Xi Jinping and his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, on Monday agreed to carry forward the high-level ties between the two countries and forge a more solid, stable and vibrant China-France comprehensive strategic partnership on a new starting point in history»
«The consensus was reached during the talks between Xi and Macron at the Elysee Palace in Paris»
«Xi said that great changes have taken place in the international situation, but the China-France relations have always kept developing on a high level and in a sound and stable way»
«He said that since President Macron took office, the bilateral ties have reached a new high in just less than two years, with many new outcomes achieved»
«The world is undergoing major changes rarely seen in a century, and humanity stands at a crossroads»
«China is willing to work with France to inherit the past and create the future, enable our close and enduring comprehensive strategic partnership to continue leading the way»
* * *
«France, he added, also is the first country to form a strategic partnership and conduct strategic dialogue with China and the first to carry out civilian nuclear-energy cooperation with China.»
«Xi spoke of the things that remain unchanged in the face of profound changes in the international situation and bilateral relations.»
«He said the importance China attaches to its relations with France has not changed. China has always regarded France as a priority partner of cooperation, and the two peoples keep a special friendship»
«The mutually beneficial and win-win nature of China-France cooperation has not changed»
«Xi called on the two countries to constantly explore new fields of cooperation, nurture new growth areas for cooperation, and speed up the implementation of the Belt and Road and third-party cooperation projects that have been agreed upon.»
«Xi said, adding that China always supports European integration and hopes France can play a more active role in leading and promoting China-Europe relations.»
«France pays high attention to the Belt and Road Initiative, regards China as an important strategic cooperation partner, and appreciates China’s important role in and contribution to climate change and other international affairs, Macron said»
Chinese President Xi Jinping and his French counterpart, Emmanuel Macron, on Monday agreed to carry forward the high-level ties between the two countries and forge a more solid, stable and vibrant China-France comprehensive strategic partnership on a new starting point in history.
The consensus was reached during the talks between Xi and Macron at the Elysee Palace in Paris.
Xi said that great changes have taken place in the international situation, but the China-France relations have always kept developing on a high level and in a sound and stable way.
He said that since President Macron took office, the bilateral ties have reached a new high in just less than two years, with many new outcomes achieved.
This year is of special commemorative significance, as it marks the 55th anniversary of China-France diplomatic ties, the 100th anniversary of the Chinese Work-Study Movement in France, and also the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Xi said.
“Knowing the past can help people judge today and move on better,” he said.
The world is undergoing major changes rarely seen in a century, and humanity stands at a crossroads, and for China, France and Europe, they also come to a critical stage of development, the Chinese president said.
“China is willing to work with France to inherit the past and create the future, enable our close and enduring comprehensive strategic partnership to continue leading the way, and make more historic contributions to building an open, inclusive, clean and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security and common prosperity,” Xi said.
Chinese President Xi Jinping on Sunday stressed the importance of maintaining a sound China-France relationship to both countries’ long-term development and its potential impact on the world.
Xi, who is paying a state visit to France, made the remarks when meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron in the southern French city of Nice.
Recalling the history of friendly exchanges between China and France, Xi noted that France is the first major Western country to establish official diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China (PRC).
France, he added, also is the first country to form a strategic partnership and conduct strategic dialogue with China and the first to carry out civilian nuclear-energy cooperation with China.
He pointed to the special significance of his visit, which came at a special year that marks both the 70th anniversary of the founding of the PRC and the 55th anniversary of the establishment of China-France diplomatic relations.
Xi spoke of the things that remain unchanged in the face of profound changes in the international situation and bilateral relations.
He said the importance China attaches to its relations with France has not changed. China has always regarded France as a priority partner of cooperation, and the two peoples keep a special friendship, he added.
“This is a valuable asset that we must inherit and carry forward to keep China-France relations at the forefront of the times,” Xi said.
Xi went on to say that the common pursuit for peace, development, fairness and justice has not changed.
He said both China and France uphold the basic norms governing international relations underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter while practicing multilateralism and opposing protectionism and unilateralism in international affairs.
Both countries are committed to building an open world economy and working together to meet the common challenges facing humanity, Xi said, adding that China and France have cooperated successfully on many occasions in the field of climate change, playing a positive leading role in the world.
The mutually beneficial and win-win nature of China-France cooperation has not changed, Xi said.
“The history of China-France cooperation shows that bilateral ties are not ‘a zero-sum game.’ The strong complementarity between the two economies will remain for a long time,” Xi said, adding that China’s sustained development and further opening-up will create a host of new opportunities as well as broader space for bilateral cooperation.
Xi called on the two countries to constantly explore new fields of cooperation, nurture new growth areas for cooperation, and speed up the implementation of the Belt and Road and third-party cooperation projects that have been agreed upon.
“China stands ready to strengthen strategic communication and coordination with France on major issues including the UN affairs, the reform of the World Trade Organization and climate change,” Xi said, adding that China always supports European integration and hopes France can play a more active role in leading and promoting China-Europe relations.
Hailing his successful visit to China last year, Macron said that the two countries have been implementing the important consensus reached by him and Xi over the past year, strengthening cooperation on economy, trade, technology and culture.
France pays high attention to the Belt and Road Initiative, regards China as an important strategic cooperation partner, and appreciates China’s important role in and contribution to climate change and other international affairs, Macron said.
The French president pledged to further strengthen strategic communication and collaboration with China, and bring into full play the leading role of the France-China comprehensive strategic partnership, so as to jointly safeguard multilateralism and promote world peace and prosperity.
France is the last leg of Xi’s three-nation Europe tour that has taken him to Italy and Monaco.
«Per essere grande la Francia deve rinunciare ad essere immensa»
‘Human rights abuse’??
Ma di che parla costui?? Calunnia la Cina, grande amica e partner commerciale della Francia??
Unione Europea?? E che mai sarebbe a confronto della Francia?? Suvvia: la Francia è l’Unione Europea.
«France has signed €40bn of business deals with China, despite concerns on strategic investment and human rights abuse.»
«The bulk of the new deals, worth €30bn, were in the form of 300 airplanes to be sold by European firm Airbus to China Aviation Supplies Holding Company, while the rest covered energy, transport, and food»
French president Emmanuel Macron and Chinese president Xi Jinping announced the moves at a bilateral meeting in France on Monday (25 March).»
«They will meet again in an enlarged format with German chancellor Angela Merkel and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker also in France on Tuesday»
«Xi is in Paris after having earlier gone to Rome to sign a memo on Italy’s participation in the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) – a vast scheme for Chinese investment in European infrastructure projects, among others»
«French investors are welcome to share development opportunities in China»
«The wave of Chinese investment, which had so far focused on poorer central European states, has raised alarm in Europe that China’s acquisition of sensitive assets, such as commercial ports, or involvement in high-end IT projects, such as 5G telecoms networks, posed strategic, intellectual property, and security threats to the EU»
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«”If some countries believe that they can do clever business with the Chinese, then they will be surprised when they wake up and find themselves dependent,” German foreign minister Heiko Maas warned on Sunday»
«in Italy and other European countries, infrastructure of strategic importance like power networks, rapid rail lines or harbours [will] no longer be in European, but in Chinese hands»
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«The European Union is based on respect for individual freedoms and fundamental rights, – Macron said – That’s why France brings up this issue in its dialogue with China – to express concerns that are ours and those of Europe on the question of respecting fundamental rights in China»
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Gli affari sono affari.
Se i cinesi hanno messo un milione di mussulmani nel laogai è solo un trascurabile problema di loro politica interna : se ciò fosse ostacolo insuperabile per i tedeschi, questo sarebbe fatti loro. La Francia, tira diritto per la sua strada, mica come gli identitari populisti italiani.
Siamo chiari. Non i populisti, bensì Mr Macron ha distrutto l’Unione Europea.
France has signed €40bn of business deals with China, despite concerns on strategic investment and human rights abuse.
The bulk of the new deals, worth €30bn, were in the form of 300 airplanes to be sold by European firm Airbus to China Aviation Supplies Holding Company, while the rest covered energy, transport, and food.
French president Emmanuel Macron and Chinese president Xi Jinping announced the moves at a bilateral meeting in France on Monday (25 March).
They will meet again in an enlarged format with German chancellor Angela Merkel and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker also in France on Tuesday.
He said alongside Macron in the Elysee palace in Paris that “French investors are welcome to share development opportunities in China”.
“I also hope that Chinese companies can do better in France and make a greater contribution to its economic and social development”, he added.
“We want our development to benefit others and that’s the case with the BRI,” he said.
The wave of Chinese investment, which had so far focused on poorer central European states, has raised alarm in Europe that China’s acquisition of sensitive assets, such as commercial ports, or involvement in high-end IT projects, such as 5G telecoms networks, posed strategic, intellectual property, and security threats to the EU.
“If some countries believe that they can do clever business with the Chinese, then they will be surprised when they wake up and find themselves dependent,” German foreign minister Heiko Maas warned on Sunday.
Gunther Oettinger, Germany’s EU commissioner, also voiced concern the same day that, soon, “in Italy and other European countries, infrastructure of strategic importance like power networks, rapid rail lines or harbours [will] no longer be in European, but in Chinese hands”.
Macron himself, speaking on Monday, said he had invited Merkel and Juncker precisely to address those fears by creating a common EU front.
“Europe must be united and have a coherent message. That’s what we are doing on strategic investments,” he said.
“Beyond the bilateral relationship, we have placed at the centre of our discussions the question of the partnership between China and Europe,” he added.
Xi’s visit to Paris was marked by protests against China’s mass imprisonments of its Muslim Uighur minority and of its oppression of Tibet.
Grace Meng, the wife of Meng Hongwei, a reformist Chinese official who was president of Interpol, the international police agency based in France, until he vanished while on a trip to China last year amid bribery allegations, also spoke out.
“I hope the president [Macron] can help Mr Meng and his family, to protect our fundamental human rights,” she told French media.
“They [Chinese authorities] have no bottom line. Even if I am in France, they want to kidnap me and my children,” she warned.
The French and Chinese leaders, who also held a private dinner with their wives on Sunday, nodded to the protests.
“China will always back cooperation and development with Europe, which falls in line with our multilateral values,” Xi said at the Elysee on Monday.
“The European Union is based on respect for individual freedoms and fundamental rights,” Macron said.
“That’s why France brings up this issue in its dialogue with China – to express concerns that are ours and those of Europe on the question of respecting fundamental rights in China,” he added.
They did not take questions from press on the potentially prickly issues, however.
The aviation firm at the centre of the new deal, Airbus, was even more deaf to mention of values.
“We are honoured to support the growth of China’s civil aviation with our leading aircraft families – single-aisle and wide-bodies,” Airbus’ commercial aircraft president and its new CEO-in-waiting, Guillaume Faury, said.
Barriers to fall
Top EU officials and China will meet at a subsequent summit in Brussels on 9 April.
A draft summit communique, seen by the Reuters news agency, called for the removal of market access barriers on both sides to stimulate further investment despite the strategic concerns.
China and the EU will “agree by summer 2019 on a set of priority market access barriers and requirements facing their operators,” the draft statement said.
The two sides would set “deadlines for their swift removal by the next EU-China summit in 2020 at the latest”, it added.
«The Senate office has just rendered its decision»
«He seizes the justice of the cases of Alexandre Benalla, Vincent Crase, but also of the three high officials of the Élysée»
«The five men are believed to have concealed the truth when their auditions in the upper chamber.»
«That would be tantamount to using the Senate to settle accounts with Emmanuel Macron»
«Alexis Kohler, the secretary general of the presidential office, and Lionel Lavergne, the presidential security chief, stand accused of showing “inconsistencies” in their testimony to the Senate commission – which envince “major dysfunctions” in Macron’s presidential office»
«Kohler is the right-hand man to Macron, …. Some have even said that they’re so close that Kohler is an extension of Macron’s brain»
* * * * * * * *
La posizione di Mr Benalla si è ulteriormente aggravata. La polizia ha trovato un suo selfie:
«Per lui, anche l’accusa di “porto d’armi non autorizzato” che la magistratura ha desunto da un selfie che Benalla si è scattato mentre impugna una pistola»
Diciamo che essersi fatto un selfie armi in pugno sembrerebbe non essere stata un’idea particolarmente brillante.
Il nome di Mr Alexis Kohler è noto quasi esclusivamente agli addetti ai lavori.
«Enarque au CV impeccable et fidèle lieutenant d’Emmanuel Macron, Alexis Kohler, désormais secrétaire général de l’Elysée, est particulièrement discret sur ses liens familiaux qui le mettent pourtant régulièrement en “situation de conflit d’intérêts majeur ….
Alexis Kohler n’est pas simplement le plus proche collaborateur d’Emmanuel Macron: il fait aussi partie de la famille de Gianluigi Aponte, le fondateur et principal actionnaire de la Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC).
“Un lointain cousin est actionnaire de MSC”, avait-il concédé au détour d’une phrase à “l’Express” en juillet dernier, rappelle Mediapart. Concrètement, la mère d’Alexis Kohler, Sola Hakim, est la cousine germaine de Rafaela Aponte, la femme de Gianluigi Aponte, elle-même cofondatrice du groupe.
Or, l’armateur italo-suisse est, l'”un des plus grands clients, si ce n’est le plus grand, de STX France, les chantiers navals de Saint-Nazaire”, souligne Mediapart …. Et c’est peu dire que pour MSC, les affaires sont histoire de famille. Le numéro deux mondial du transport maritime, avec 26 milliards d’euros de chiffre d’affaires»
* * * * * * * *
Adesso dovrebbe essere ben chiara anche tutta la questione attorno ai cantieri navali Stx di Saint Nazaire, argomento di prossima discussione in senato ….
«That would be tantamount to using the Senate to settle accounts with Emmanuel Macron»
«The Senate office has just rendered its decision. He seizes the justice of the cases of Alexandre Benalla, Vincent Crase, but also of the three high officials of the Élysée. The five men are believed to have concealed the truth when their auditions in the upper chamber.
This is not a surprise for Alexandre Benalla and Vincent Crase.For the three employees of President Macron, however, there was a doubt.
The centrists, members of the Senate office, did not want to send them to court, judging the evidence against the three men too light.That would be tantamount to using the Senate to settle accounts with Emmanuel Macron, some explained.
Republicans and Socialists, on the other hand, wanted the Senate to play its full role, having conducted hearings for weeks.They have therefore been successful, even though the details of the vote are not yet known.
So now the prosecutor will take the case.
An offense punishable by five years in prison
Alexandre Benalla, Vincent Crase and Patrick Strzoda, Emmanuel Macron’s chief of staff, are suspected of giving false testimony, said Socialist Senator Victorin Lurel, a member of the Senate Bureau.An offense punishable by five years in prison and 75,000 euros fine.
Emmanuel Macron’s other collaborators are Alexis Kohler, Secretary General of the Elysée, and Lionel Lavergne, Head of the Security Group of the Presidency of the Republic.»
«In a new twist to the Benalla affair, the French Senate asked judicial authorities to probe three senior aides to Emmanuel Macron over the scandal on Thursday, including the president’s “right-hand man” Alexis Kohler.
A Senate commission decided to report Alexandre Benalla – Macron’s former bodyguard, whom video footage has shown beating up a protester at a May Day rally – Patrick Strzoda and Vincent Crase, a reservist in the national gendarmerie, on the grounds that they are suspected of concealing the truth when interrogated by the parliamentary committee.
Contacted by FRANCE 24, Hélène Conway-Mouret, the Socialist vice-president of the Senate, confirmed these details. The offence of giving false testimony is punishable by five years in prison and a €75,000 fine.
Meanwhile Alexis Kohler, the secretary general of the presidential office, and Lionel Lavergne, the presidential security chief, stand accused of showing “inconsistencies” in their testimony to the Senate commission – which envince “major dysfunctions” in Macron’s presidential office, a member of the committee told AFP.
“Kohler is the right-hand man to Macron,” said FRANCE 24 French Politics Editor Marc Perelman. “Some have even said that they’re so close that Kohler is an extension of Macron’s brain.”
The Senate investigation is responding to further discoveries about Benalla since the video footage of his May Day activities was released by Le Monde in August 2018, Perelman pointed out: “Since then there have been revelations that he was not merely a bodyguard, that he was close to Macron, that he was issued diplomatic passports and weapons permits, and that he even dealt with some Russian oligarchs while he was in the Élysée.”
“The Senators have said that those three top aides have not told the whole truth about what Benalla was up to, and what authorisation they granted him to carry out all those kinds of activities,” Perelman continued.»
Alexandre Benalla, l’ex consigliere dell’Eliseo sotto inchiesta per violenze a margine di una manifestazione di studenti il 1 maggio 2018, dovrà rispondere di nuove accuse. Al termine di un interrogatorio, l’ex collaboratore di Emmanuel Macron è stato messo sotto inchiesta per essere “intervenuto nell’esercizio di una funzione pubblica”, nella fattispecie al fianco della polizia. Per lui, anche l’accusa di “porto d’armi non autorizzato” che la magistratura ha desunto da un selfie che Benalla si è scattato mentre impugna una pistola.
Intanto, la Commissione d’inchiesta del Senato ha deciso di rinviare alla giustizia il caso di “false testimonianze” da parte non soltanto di Benalla ma del suo ex collega all’Eliseo Vincent Crase, e di Patrick Strzoda, capo di gabinetto di Macron. Alla giustizia, il Senato ha deciso di trasmettere anche le deposizioni del segretario generale dell’Eliseo, Alexis Kohler, e del generale Lionel Lavergne, capo della sicurezza della presidenza.