Pubblicato in: Cina, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Cina ed Hong Kong. Fomentare il chaos sembrerebbe essere cattiva idea.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-17.

Cina

«Hong Kong divenne una colonia dell’Impero britannico dopo la prima guerra dell’Oppio (1839-1842). Originariamente limitati alla sola Isola di Hong Kong, i confini della colonia furono estesi, nel 1860, a includere la penisola di Kowloon e poi con nuovi territori nel 1898. La regione fu poi brevemente occupata dal Giappone durante la guerra del Pacifico, per poi tornare sotto il controllo britannico, terminato nel 1997 quando la Cina ne ha ripreso la supervisione. La storia di Hong Kong ha profondamente influenzato la sua cultura, che spesso viene descritta come “l’Oriente che incontra l’Occidente”, e il sistema educativo che ha perseguito il sistema inglese fino alle riforme attuate nel 2009. ….

In base al principio “una Cina due sistemi”, Hong Kong possiede un sistema politico diverso dalla Cina continentale. funzionamento dell’indipendente magistratura del paese funziona secondo il modello di ordinamento giuridico del Common law. La Hong Kong Basic Law, il suo documento costitutivo, stabilisce che la regione goda di un alto grado di autonomia in tutti gli aspetti, tranne che nelle relazioni estere e nella difesa militare» [Fonte]

* * *

Hong Kong è cinese per popolazione e territorialità: ha ovviamente una sua storia.

La Cina non aveva e non ha mai potuto sopportare il fatto della presenza inglese ad Hong Kong, sorta di enclave che si reggeva con leggi e costumanze aliene alla mentalità cinese. Ma i cinesi sono persone pragmatiche e pazienti.

Allo scadere del mandato inglese, nel 1997, la Cina aveva un pil di 985.338  miliardi Usd, essendo il pil procapite di 781 Usd l’anno. A quell’epoca non poteva agire in modo diverso dall’annettersi Hong Kong avocando a sé esteri e difesa, concedendo larghe autonomie, non da ultime quelle giudiziarie.

Ma ad oggi, con un pil di 13,407 miliardi Usd e delle forze armate in grado di gestire eventuali problemi locoregionali, la situazione è mutata. Se sicuramente Hong Kong costituisca una situazione economicamente vantaggiosa, la sua importanza nel contesto dell’intero tessuto nazionale si è grandemente ridotta.

Contemporaneamente, l’anomalia politica della sua speciale gestione semi autonoma sta diventando sempre meno tollerabile. È nella logica delle cose che alla fine Hong Kong rientri pienamente nel sistema politico della Cina.

*

Talune componenti politiche dell’occidente usano la situazione di Hong Kong per cercare di ostacolare questo ritorno. Fomentano malcontento locale e dimostrazione di piazza tramite una fitta rete di ngo, completamente finanziate dall’estero, talora anche da governi occidentali.

È una situazione più folkloristica che di reale impatto, ma è quanto basta perché i media occidentali, per lo più a matrice culturale liberal, ne siano cassa di risonanza. Ma questa risonanza si ode soltanto in occidente, mentre in Cina è vissuta in termine diametralmente opposti. I cinesi la percepiscono, ed anche volentieri, come una minaccia alla propria sovranità.

La loro risposta è come al solito lenta ma ferma.

Si pensi solo all’impatto se, cosa legalmente possibile, la Cina richiamasse alla leva le classi tra i diciotto ed i ventiquattro anni. Potrebbe richiamare tutti coloro che hanno partecipato ai cortei e metterli in caserme in Manciuria o nel Deserto dei Gobi.

*

Il Governo cinese ha già preso una ferma posizione.

«Vice-Foreign Minister Le Yucheng urgently summoned a senior official from the embassy of the United States in China on Friday, urging Washington to stop interfering with the affairs of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in any form»

«In his meeting with the embassy’s Deputy Chief of Mission Robert W. Forden, Le protested against US officials’ recent irresponsible remarks and acts about the amendment of extradition laws by the Hong Kong SAR government, according to a statement on the ministry’s website»

«Noting that Hong Kong belongs to China, Le said, Hong Kong affairs are purely China’s internal affairs and no external forces are allowed to interfere with them»

«Beijing will take further measures in line with the US moves»

«Creating chaos in Hong Kong will do the US no good at all»

*

China foreign ministry says Hong Kong affairs an internal matter

«China’s foreign ministry said on Saturday Hong Kong matters were a Chinese internal affair and no country, organization or individual has a right to interfere.

The comments come after Hong Kong’s leader, under pressure from public protests, announced the suspension of a proposed bill that would have allowed extradition of criminal suspects to mainland China.

Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said the ministry had taken note of Lam’s announcement. He said China’s determination to safeguard the country’s sovereignty and security, and Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability, was unshakable.»

*

I cinesi sono gente paziente, ma si sia sicuri che l’odierna vittoria delle ingerenze occidentali in Cina saranno pagate a prezzo ben caro.

Cinesi, gente pratica. Risolto il problema dell’integralismo islamico.

«Chinese authorities in the far-northwestern region of Xinjiang on Wednesday revised legislation to permit the use of “education and training centers” to combat religious extremism.»

«In practice, the centers are internment camps in which as many as 1 million minority Muslims have been placed in the past 12 months»

Stiamo pur certi che c’è posto anche per un bel po’ di gente di Hong Kong.

«The government is seeking to allow extraditions to mainland China, saying it makes sure Hong Kong remains a “safe city for residents and business”.»

«The changes will allow for extradition requests from authorities in mainland China, Taiwan and Macau for suspects accused of criminal wrongdoings, such as murder and rape»

* * * * * * *

Gli occidentali hanno una gran bella presunzione nel voler dettare alla Cina come debba comportarsi all’interno dei propri confini. Cosa mai sarebbe successo se la Cina avesse preso posizione sulla Brexit oppure sulla Catalogna?

L’esperienza insegna come i cinesi abbiano ottima memoria.


China Org. 2019-06-15. US told to stop interfering in HK

Vice-Foreign Minister Le Yucheng urgently summoned a senior official from the embassy of the United States in China on Friday, urging Washington to stop interfering with the affairs of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in any form.

In his meeting with the embassy’s Deputy Chief of Mission Robert W. Forden, Le protested against US officials’ recent irresponsible remarks and acts about the amendment of extradition laws by the Hong Kong SAR government, according to a statement on the ministry’s website.

Noting that Hong Kong belongs to China, Le said, Hong Kong affairs are purely China’s internal affairs and no external forces are allowed to interfere with them.

He urged the US side to view the amendment in an objective and fair manner, respect the SAR government’s legislation process and avoid doing anything that harms the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.

Beijing will take further measures in line with the US moves, Le said.

Also on Friday, ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said at a regular news conference that China is strongly dissatisfied and firmly opposed to the US lawmakers’ reintroduction of the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, urging them to give up “vain attempts” to create chaos in Hong Kong.

The act would “require the Secretary of State to issue an annual certification of Hong Kong’s autonomy to justify special treatment afforded to Hong Kong by the US Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992”, the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations said in a news release.

Since Hong Kong’s return, the policies of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong” and a high degree of autonomy have been effectively implemented, and Hong Kong residents have enjoyed rights and freedoms that are fully guaranteed according to law, Geng said.

“This is an objective fact that anyone without prejudice will acknowledge,” he said.

Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability is in line with the interests of the US, one of Hong Kong’s major trade partners, Geng pointed out.

“Creating chaos in Hong Kong will do the US no good at all,” the spokesman said.

Geng urged relevant people on the US side to respect basic facts, give up their “arrogance and bias” as well as their attempts to intervene in Hong Kong, and do more to help China-US mutual trust and cooperation.

Calling Western criticism of Hong Kong’s extradition law amendments irresponsible, Geng said China is determined to safeguard its national sovereignty, security and development interests, and it doesn’t fear any threats or intimidation.

Any attempt to bring disorder to the special administrative region will face objection from all Chinese people, including Hong Kong residents, and fail, he said.

*


Bbc. 2019-06-15. Hong Kong extradition row: Will it damage its star status?

Changes to Hong Kong’s extradition law could hurt the autonomy that has made it one of Asia’s main financial hubs.

The government is seeking to allow extraditions to mainland China, saying it makes sure Hong Kong remains a “safe city for residents and business”.

The proposed changes led to widespread protests in Hong Kong this week and sparked some of the worst violence seen there in decades.

Many worry that Hong Kong’s status as a global financial centre is at risk.

“The passage of the proposed legislation would undermine Hong Kong’s status both as a hub for multinational firm operations and as a global financial centre,” said Nicholas Lardy, a senior fellow at the Washington-based think tank Peterson Institute for International Economics.

So what are the proposed changes?

The changes will allow for extradition requests from authorities in mainland China, Taiwan and Macau for suspects accused of criminal wrongdoings, such as murder and rape.

Officials have said Hong Kong courts will have the final say whether to grant such extradition requests, and suspects accused of political and religious crimes will not be extradited.

Several commercial offences such as tax evasion have been removed from the list of extraditable offences.

But Hong-Kong based lawyer Antony Dapiran said this does not mean business people are “off the hook”.

“Even though there is some reassurance in the business community that those white collar crimes have been excluded… that doesn’t necessarily mean that people are therefore free of risk,” Mr Dapiran said.

“There are many other ways that someone can be extradited under the current bill for offences other than the offence that they are actually wanted (for).”

What has the business reaction been so far?

Companies have proved reluctant to openly speak about the extradition bill for fear that their businesses in mainland China could suffer consequences.

Pushing the bill through would risk “shooting Hong Kong in the foot,” Tara Joseph, president of The American Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong, said in a recent newspaper interview.

Both the British Chamber of Commerce and the Australian Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong, refused to comment when contacted by the BBC.

Andrew Coflan, analyst at New York-based political risk consultancy Eurasia Group, said that the foreign business community was worried.

“Hong Kong has served as a gateway to Asia for flows of goods and capital,” said Mr Coflan.

“But the passage of the extradition bill would turn it from a special legal entity into just another Chinese city, from a corporate risk perspective. The key risk is one of diverted or withdrawn investment.”

What happens to its special status?

The US, which is embroiled in a trade and technology dispute with China, has been vocal about its concerns surrounding the Hong Kong extradition bill.

The US expressed “grave concern” about the Hong Kong government’s proposed amendments which “could damage Hong Kong’s business environment” and subject American citizens there “to China’s capricious judicial system,” Morgan Ortagus, spokesman at the US State Department said during a recent news briefing.

“The continued erosion of the ‘One Country, Two Systems’ framework puts at risk Hong Kong’s long-established special status in international affairs,” he said.

In 1984, Britain and China signed an agreement where Hong Kong would enjoy “a high degree of autonomy” when it returned to China in 1997 under the principle of “one country, two systems.”

As a result, Hong Kong has its own legal system and borders, and rights including freedom of assembly and free speech are protected.

In the US, Hong Kong’s special status is recognized under the US Hong Kong Policy Act but this now appears to be under scrutiny.

US lawmakers have introduced a bill to amend the Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992. The amendment requires the US Secretary of State to “issue an annual certification of Hong Kong’s autonomy to justify special treatment” by the US.

“The bigger issue is probably that the global perception of Hong Kong as a separate part of China is under threat. And that includes official recognition of Hong Kong as a separate customs, immigration, tax and legal jurisdiction,” said David Webb, editor of Webb-site.com and long-time resident of Hong Kong.

“If Hong Kong loses its separate status then, for example, all of the duties that America has applied to Chinese exports would apply to Hong Kong exports. And any prohibitions on transfers of high grade technology to China would apply to Hong Kong as well.”

Any impact on Hong Kong’s economy?

Hong Kong saw its worst violence in decades this week, with some government offices and banks closing due to the disruption.

Standard Chartered said on Friday the branches which were closed earlier in the week would resume operations.

But Capital Economics, pointing to the fallout of the 2014 Occupy Hong Kong protests, expects the economic impact to be limited.

“The 2014 Occupy Hong Kong protests provide a useful benchmark. They brought gridlock to large parts of Hong Kong Island for over 70 days, but there was no noticeable effect on either retail sales or tourism arrivals,” it said in a research note.

“So even if the current protests last for several weeks, the impact on the economy is likely to be minimal. We are not changing our GDP growth forecasts for this year.”

However, analysts say other places in Asia like Singapore stand to benefit if the proposed changes go through, undermining Hong Kong’s status as a global financial hub.

“The main beneficiary of this development is likely to be Singapore, which has a strong legal framework and no extradition agreement with China,” said Mr Lardy from the Peterson Institute.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Governo Cinese risponde per le rime ad Europarlamento e Consiglio Europeo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-14.

Cina

La prima domanda che verrebbe da farsi dopo aver letto il documento rilasciato dall’attuale europarlamento uscente è chi mai si credano di essere questi europarlamentari da arrogarsi il diritto di salire in cattedra e voler fare la morale alla Cina. Quella Cina dalla quale vanno a pietire con il cappellino in mano qualche contratto.

Cosa mai sarebbe successo se la Cina avesse rilasciato un documento ufficiale in cui si fosse inneggiato alla separazione catalana, avesse supportato i Gilets Jaunes, ed avesse asserito che Mr Orban aveva tutti i santi diritti di opporsi alla Unione Europea?

Qui, a nostro sommesso parere, non è tanto problema di corretti rapporti diplomatici, quanto piuttosto di sano buon senso e di corretta percezione di cosa si sia nella realtà dei fatti. Oppure, a dirla tutta, di sanità mentale.

Troviamo la stizzita reazione cinese financo troppo moderata.

Consoliamoci che il 26 maggio questo europarlamento esce di carica.

Peggio di così sarà sempre difficilmente possibile.

*

Europarlamento e Consiglio Europeo hanno pubblicato in modo congiunto il seguente documento:


Eeas. 2019-05-14. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: Annual Report 2018 – Joint Report to the European Parliament and the Council

Since Hong Kong’s handover to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1997, the European Union (EU) and its Member States have closely followed political and economic developments in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) under the ‘one country, two systems’ principle. In line with the commitment given to the European Parliament in 1997, an annual report is issued on developments in Hong Kong. This is the 21st report, covering developments in 2018. The EU adheres to its ‘one China’ policy and supports the ‘one country, two systems’ principle and its implementation.

*

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: Annual Report 2018 [pdf]

* * * * * * *

«2018 was yet another challenging year for Hong Kong. Political developments prompted the Spokesperson of the High Representative Vice-President (HRVP) to issue statements on three separate occasions: regarding restrictions of the right to stand for election, the banning of a political party, and a politically motivated refusal to renew the work visa of a foreign journalist.

Most aspects of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle continue to work well. However, concerns about the erosion of this principle, which is the cornerstone of Hong Kong’s economic success, have increased over the past year. There is a clear negative trend with respect to the erosion of civil and political rights. This trend gives rise to legitimate concerns about whether Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy and its attractiveness as an international business centre will continue to be upheld in the long term. The business community has been following these developments and in 2018 several chambers of commerce made public statements to express their concerns.

Freedom of speech and freedom of information are generally respected in Hong Kong. However, the freedom of expression is facing unprecedented challenges, particularly with regard to sensitive political topics.

The unusually high number of questions and recommendations addressed to Hong Kong during the United Nations’ universal periodic review (UPR) of China carried out in November 2018 also reflects the international community’s concerns regarding the deterioration of civil and political rights in Hong Kong in recent years. Improving the protection of other human rights, such as the rights of migrant workers, children, and LGBTI people, was also the subject of recommendations for further action under the UPR. …..

The space for political opposition in Hong Kong is narrowing. Several opposition candidates, including Agnes Chow and former lawmaker Lau Siu-Lai, were barred from running in the Legislative Council (LegCo) by-election because of their political affiliation or views. These decisions were taken by the returning officer appointed by the Electoral Affairs Commission, and were subsequently defended by the government. The legal community in Hong Kong challenged their legality and constitutionality. In December, current LegCo member Eddie Chu was barred from running in a rural representative election due to his political stance. …..

In the last couple of years, Hong Kong has seen the emergence of a localist movement calling for self-determination or even independence. Although pro-independence voices have very limited support in society and no international backing, they raise questions about the border between legitimate freedom of expression and seditious incitement. These are yet to be legally clarified. In the last year, the Hong Kong SAR government, encouraged by the central government, adopted a new zero-tolerance policy towards any mention of ‘self-determination or ‘independence’, on grounds of national security and contravention of the Basic Law. ….

On 5 October, the government refused to renew the work visa for Victor Mallet, Financial Times Asia Editor and Vice-President of the Foreign Correspondent Club. Mallet had chaired a talk by pro-independence activist Chan Ho-tin of the above-mentioned HKNP in August when the party was not yet banned. In the absence of a credible alternative explanation, the decision appears politically motivated. Such pressure on journalists is unprecedented in Hong Kong and causes serious concerns about the exercise of freedom of the press. There are growing concerns that journalists are practising self-censorship. Hong Kong prides itself on being an open international city where freedom of expression is not put in doubt and freedom of the press and information is fully respected. Restriction of the work of journalists, including that of foreign journalists, would gravely damage Hong Kong’s reputation and its credentials as a financial and business hub. ….

For LGBTI rights, Hong Kong does not have a comprehensive anti-discrimination law that would cover discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity. However, three landmark cases in favour of LGBTI equality in 2018 may well lay the ground for such legislation. On 4 July, the Court of Final Appeal ruled that immigration authorities must grant spousal visas to same-sex partners. Two other cases are still pending»

* * * * * * *

La risposta cinese è stata immediata e financo inviperita.


China.Org. 2019-05-14. China opposes EU reports on Hong Kong, Macao

«China on Thursday urged the European Union to stop interfering in Hong Kong and Macao affairs.

Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang expressed China’s strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition after the European Commission on Wednesday issued annual reports for 2018 on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and the Macao SAR.

The EU reports use human rights and freedom as a cover to wilfully comment on Hong Kong and Macao affairs, and make accusations against the implementation of “one country, two systems” in disregard of facts, grossly interfering in China’s internal affairs as well as Hong Kong and Macao SAR affairs, Geng told a press briefing.

Since their return to the motherland, Hong Kong and Macao have remained prosperous and stable, and the principle of “one country, two systems” has been successfully implemented, Geng said, adding that residents in Hong Kong and Macao are enjoying unprecedented democratic rights and freedom of speech, press and assembly, which are undeniable facts.»

* * * * * * *

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Serenissimi, Catalogna e protesta degli ombrelli ad Hong Kong.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-11.

Mela con il Coltello tra i Denti.

L’8 ed il 9 maggio 1997 alcuni irredentisti occuparono il campanile di San Marco a Venezia. Arrestati, andarono a processo con la pesantissima accusa di “associazione eversiva dell’ordine costituzionale democratico” e condannati a pesanti pene detentive. Poi, dopo penosi iter giudiziari, durati oltre un decennio, la Suprema Corte di Cassazione rese ragione agli accusati.

All’epoca nessuno, o quasi nessuno, trovò qualcosa a ridire che lo stato italiano avesse difeso la propria integrità territoriale.

*

Di questi tempi sta iniziando un’altra procedura giudiziaria per un caso analogo, mutatis mutandis.

Catalogna, il processo ai leader riaccende lo scontro tra Barcellona e Madrid

«Inizia a Madrid il processo ai leader indipendentisti della Catalogna accusati di ribellione contro lo Stato spagnolo per aver organizzato il referendum sulla secessione (nell’ottobre del 2017) e per essere poi arrivati alla proclamazione unilaterale della Repubblica indipendente. Sono dodici gli imputati che si presenteranno davanti al Tribunal Supremo espanol e nove di loro sono in carcere da sedici mesi in attesa del giudizio. Altri sei esponenti del fronte indipendentista verranno invece processati per disobbedienza dal Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluna.»

Anche in questo caso lo stato è intervenuto dapprima con l’esercito e quindi con il potere giudiziario per reprimere un tentativo scissionistico.

* * *

Di recente, una corte di giustizia cine ha sentenziato come colpevoli persone che avevano svolto manifestazioni anche violente al fine di ottenere la indipendenza di Hong Kong dalla Cina.

Una situazione del tutto simile a quella di Venezia oppure a quella di Barcellona.

Eppure i media sono insorti.

«Nine pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have been found guilty of public nuisance charges for their role in a civil disobedience movement that called for free elections in the city.»

*

«Among them are three prominent activists, seen as figureheads of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement»

*

«Thousands marched demanding the right for Hong Kong to choose its own leader»

*

«It cannot be reasonably argued that a charge of conspiracy to cause public nuisance would generate a chilling effect in society»

* * * * * * *

«The former British colony was handed back in 1997 on condition it would retain “a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs” for 50 years»

*

I media liberal hanno il vezzo di usare parole gravide di significati. Quei protestatari sono denominati come difensori della democrazia: “pro-democracy activists“. In altri termini, definiscono antidemocratico l’attuale sistema politico che governa Hong Kong, mentre i protestatari avrebbero avuto la intenzione di ripristinare la democrazia.

Peccato però che ad Hong Kong vi sia un Consiglio Legislativo, elettivo.

«Il Consiglio legislativo della Regione Amministrativa Speciale di Hong Kong è la l’assemblea parlamentare monocamerale della Regione Amministrativa Speciale di Hong Kong della Repubblica Popolare Cinese.

L’assemblea è un corpo semi-democratico che comprende 70 membri, 35 dei quali eletti direttamente attraverso cinque circoscrizioni geografiche nell’ambito del sistema proporzionale con il metodo del maggior resto, mentre gli altri 35 sono eletti indirettamente attraverso collegi professionali sulla base di elettorati limitati.» [Fonte]

In seno a tale consesso, eletto sulla falsariga del metodo usato per eleggere il senato francese, quello olandese e quello tedesco – stati che difficilmente potrebbero essere definiti come anti-democratici – siedono al momento 22 parlamentari indipendentisti, sia pure con differenti sfumature.

* * *

Ogni nazione si dota di un apparato politico e di un’organizzazione di governo consona con le proprie tradizioni, e l’uso del suffragio universale e del parlamentarismo non è poi così generalizzato come potrebbe a prima vista sembrare.

I sudditi di Sua Maestà Britannica votano per collegi uninominali, e nessuno si sogna di etichettare tale procedura come antidemocratica.

Similmente, il presidente degli Stati Uniti è eletto dai Delegati, non dai cittadini: non segue quindi l’attribuzione della vittoria in base ad un criterio proporzionale.

Un caso unico al mondo è infine la Svizzera, che non è dotata di un governo, bensì di un Direttorio.

«In Svizzera, il Consiglio federale è eletto dall’Assemblea federale (Parlamento), a camere riunite. L’elezione avviene generalmente ogni quattro anni nel mese di dicembre, durante la sessione che segue il rinnovo integrale del Consiglio nazionale. In caso di dimissioni di un consigliere federale può tuttavia esser necessario organizzare un’elezione in qualsiasi momento nel corso della legislatura. ….

Al momento dell’elezione, il parlamento deve garantire un’equa rappresentanza delle varie regioni del Paese e delle comunità linguistiche. Non sono previste regole precise a questo proposito» [Portale del Governo Svizzero]

È usuale che tutti i partiti maggiori abbiano un membro nel Direttorio.

* * *

Orbene, non sembrerebbe di riscontrare nel governo di Hong Kong un alcunché di antidemocratico.

*


BBC. 2019-04-09. Hong Kong ‘Umbrella’ protesters found guilty of public nuisance

Nine pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have been found guilty of public nuisance charges for their role in a civil disobedience movement that called for free elections in the city.

Among them are three prominent activists, seen as figureheads of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement.

They could be jailed for up to seven years for their part in the “Umbrella Movement” protests of 2014.

Thousands marched demanding the right for Hong Kong to choose its own leader.

Those convicted include the so-called “Occupy trio” – sociology professor Chan Kin-man, 60, law professor Benny Tai, 54, and Baptist minister Chu Yiu-ming, 75.

They are seen as the founders of the movement that galvanised protesters in their campaign of civil disobedience.

“No matter what happens today… we will persist on and do not give up,” Mr Tai told reporters ahead of the verdict.

Mr Tai, Mr Chan and five others were found guilty of two charges of public nuisance, and Mr Chu and one other of just one charge.

A large crowd gathered outside the court on Thursday to support them. It is not yet clear when they will be sentenced.

——

Like just another day

By Martin Yip, BBC News Chinese, Hong Kong

The nine defendants walked into the court building looking refreshed and in high spirits. All but one said a few words in what might have been their last hours of freedom before their predicted jail term.

Delivering his verdict, Justice Johnny Chan said the defendants had caused a nuisance – by occupying major roads – leading to injuries among civilians. The nine looked calm and not particularly emotional. They were later released on bail. Benny Tai, Chan Kin-man and Chu Yiu-ming smiled as they passed me, as if it was just another day.

They are yet to say if they will appeal. The court was adjourned for the day as the lawyers are yet to finish their mitigation submissions. The sentences have yet to be announced.

The broader pro-democracy camp already has bad relations with Beijing. Activists and politicians did express their anger but political analysts also warn that people might simply leave the movement out of frustration.

“Some people might feel dispirited and helpless. I hope they can see that other people haven’t given up,” Benny Tai told BBC News Chinese ahead of today’s verdict.

Seventy nine days of sit-in protests have already changed Hong Kong a lot. But today’s verdict might serve more as a reminder that this city remains divided.

——

What has the reaction been?

At the trial Judge Johnny Chan rejected the idea that this would have a substantial impact on society.

“It cannot be reasonably argued that a charge of conspiracy to cause public nuisance would generate a chilling effect in society,” he wrote in his ruling.

But rights groups criticised the ruling, with Humans Rights Watch saying the court was “sending a terrible message”.

“[This] will likely embolden the government to prosecute more peaceful activists, further chilling free expression in Hong Kong,” said researcher Maya Wang in a statement to the BBC.

Lord Chris Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong, released a statement saying that it was “appallingly divisive to use anachronistic common law charges in a vengeful pursuit of political events which took place in 2014”.

This verdict comes after a string of frustrations for pro-democracy activists. In the last few years the courts have removed six lawmakers for changing their swearing in oaths to include protest phrases. Others have also been disqualified from running for office.

What were the protests about?

The protests started in reaction to a decision made by China that it would allow direct elections in 2017, but only from a list of candidates pre-approved by Beijing.

Beijing is highly sensitive about Hong Kong’s status and any calls for more autonomy from China.

The former British colony was handed back in 1997 on condition it would retain “a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs” for 50 years.

Many people in Hong Kong believe they should have the right to elect their own leader.

Young and unhappy in Hong Kong

Beijing’s struggle to win Hong Kong’s young hearts

In 2014, the three activists’ calls for non-violent civil disobedience joined with student-led protests and snowballed into the massive demonstrations.

Tens of thousands of people camped in the streets and demanded the right to fully free leadership elections.

The protests became known as the “Umbrella Movement” after people used umbrellas to shield themselves from pepper spray fired by police to disperse the crowd.

Protesters accused the Chinese government of breaking its promise to allow full democracy in Hong Kong, and of encroaching more and more on the region.

But the number of protesters dwindled to just a few hundred as the weeks dragged on and they ultimately failed to achieve their goal.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Demografia

Cina. Controllo strategico del Mar Giallo e del Mare Cinese Orientale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-01.

Cina Mar Giallo Mare Cinese orientale

Si deve ammettere che Deng Xiaoping quaranta anni fa aveva visto ben lontano, quando aveva detto che la Cina avrebbe solo dovuto aspettare per avere il dominio del Mar del Giappone, del Mar Giallo e del Mare Cinese Orientale.

Prima, guardiamo con molta attenzione la carta geografica.

Giappone, Korea del Sud, Taiwan ed Hong Kong costituiscono punti geografici che la Cina da sempre avrebbe voluto possedere. Taiwan poi è per la Cina una pulpite purulenta.

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Adesso, leggiamoci i dati della seguente tabella, che riporta il tasso di fertilità di questi paesi.

Giappone            1.42

Korea del Sud    1.27

Taiwan                 1.13

Hong Kong           1.2

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Basta avere pazienza ancora trenta anni, una generazione, e questi paesi sono destinati a scomparire dalla faccia della terra.

A quel tempo, la Cina se li potrà occupare tranquillamente, senza dover sparare un colpo, e soprattutto, potrà colonizzarli con una popolazione cinese, ottenendone quindi un dominio irreversibile. Al massimo, entrando in quei paesi, troverà un ammasso di vecchietti, ma i cinesi hanno per questo sistemi infallibili.

Nota.

Se è vero che molte persone in Occidente hanno scarsa dimestichezza con i problemi demografici, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare quanto invece i cinesi ne tengano conto: tanto alla fine loro ci saranno sempre come popolo, mentre gli altri saranno felicemente defunti, quindi innocui.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Hong Kong. Edward Leung condannato a sei anni per rivolta. – Aljazeera.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-06-16.

Homg Kong - Macau 001

Sono ben pochi gli storici ed i politologi che non riconoscano ad Abraham Lincoln ed al Governo di Washington la capacità giuridica di aver condotto la guerra di secessione tra gli Stati Uniti d’America e gli Stati Confederati. Nessuno stato sovrano può tollerare una secessione, specie poi se armata.

Ben differente la scissione del 1° gennaio 1993 della allora Cecoslovacchia in Repubblica Ceka e Slovacchia: questo scorporo fu votato regolarmente in parlamento, di comune accordo tra le parti.

Similmente, in uno stato sovrano gli Elettori, ossia la società civile, si esprime alle elezioni secondo leggi e costumanze locali: quindi la maggioranza governa e la minoranza si adegua. La minoranza ha il diritto / dovere di far sentire la sua voce e le sue motivazioni in parlamento, attraverso i media, professando le proprie convinzioni, ma rimanendo pur sempre nell’alveo della legalità.

In uno stato la società civile non ha bisogno alcuno di ricorrere alla piazza, specie poi se in forma violenta.

L’uso della violenza mette immediatamente dalla parte del torto, indipendentemente dalle ragioni addotte.

«Hong Kong’s leading independence activist was jailed for six years on Monday for rioting and assaulting police, one of the city’s harshest sentences against a democracy activist in recent years»

Questa frase è incorretta.

Non esiste, non può né deve esistere, un “democracy activist” che sia “rioting and assaulting police“.

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«About 130 people, mostly police, were injured when masked protesters tossed bricks and set rubbish cans alight to vent their anger against what they saw as mainland Chinese encroachment on the city’s autonomy and freedoms»

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Chiunque definisca “freedoms” il fare una manifestazione dove i dimostranti mascherati lanciano mattoni e feriscono qualcosa come 130 persone, per di più poliziotti, è ben fuori strada: questa non è ‘democrazia‘ bensì criminalità organizzata.

E sei anni di condanna sono pena davvero mite e lieve.


Aljazeera. 2018-06-11. Hong Kong jails top activist Edward Leung for six years

Edward Leung sentenced to six years in prison for rioting and assaulting police officer during 2016 street protests.

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Hong Kong’s leading independence activist was jailed for six years on Monday for rioting and assaulting police, one of the city’s harshest sentences against a democracy activist in recent years.

Edward Leung, one of the leaders of a movement advocating for Hong Kong‘s independence from China, had earlier been found guilty of rioting in a 2016 overnight protest that turned violent.

He had pleaded guilty to assaulting a police officer. The 27-year-old was sentenced to one year in jail on that count, with the two terms to be served concurrently.

About 130 people, mostly police, were injured when masked protesters tossed bricks and set rubbish cans alight to vent their anger against what they saw as mainland Chinese encroachment on the city’s autonomy and freedoms.

Handing down his jail term, Judge Anthea Pang said Leung actively participated in the riots and described his actions as “wanton and vicious”.

The 2016 protest began as a seemingly innocuous rally to protect illegal hawkers from health inspectors but it quickly morphed into an outpouring of anger against authorities in Hong Kong and Beijing.

At the forefront of the clashes were young “localists”, a term coined for radical groups promoting a split from mainland China which grew out of the failure of massive pro-democracy rallies in 2014 to win concessions from Beijing on political reform.

At the time, Leung was the head of localist group Hong Kong Indigenous and a rising star on the political scene as the fledgling independence movement gathered momentum, infuriating Beijing.

Pang said the protesters appeared to be “sincere, earnest but wrong-headed people” with strong convictions.

They “will stop at nothing to impose those views” on society, she said, which Hong Kong cannot tolerate as it poses “extremely great danger”.

About 130 people, mostly police, were injured when masked protesters tossed bricks and set rubbish cans alight to vent their anger against what they saw as mainland Chinese encroachment on the city’s autonomy and freedoms.

Handing down his jail term, Judge Anthea Pang said Leung actively participated in the riots and described his actions as “wanton and vicious”.

The 2016 protest began as a seemingly innocuous rally to protect illegal hawkers from health inspectors but it quickly morphed into an outpouring of anger against authorities in Hong Kong and Beijing.

At the forefront of the clashes were young “localists”, a term coined for radical groups promoting a split from mainland China which grew out of the failure of massive pro-democracy rallies in 2014 to win concessions from Beijing on political reform.

At the time, Leung was the head of localist group Hong Kong Indigenous and a rising star on the political scene as the fledgling independence movement gathered momentum, infuriating Beijing.

Pang said the protesters appeared to be “sincere, earnest but wrong-headed people” with strong convictions.

They “will stop at nothing to impose those views” on society, she said, which Hong Kong cannot tolerate as it poses “extremely great danger”.

‘Fishball Revolution’

Leung looked calm throughout the hearing and waved at supporters – some of whom reacted emotionally to the sentence – before being led away.

Two other protesters were sentenced alongside Leung to seven years and three and a half years in prison.

At least 16 people have already been jailed over the clashes, with terms of up to four years and nine months for a man convicted of rioting and arson. Unlike Leung, none were known activists.

Police fired warning shots in the air as the unrest worsened and scores of people including officers were injured, with dozens arrested.

The protests were dubbed the “Fishball Revolution” after one of the city’s best-loved street snacks.

The defence said Leung, who pleaded not guilty, had no intention to riot but wanted to “protect Hong Kong culture”.

Multiple pro-democracy activists who want a greater say in how the city is run but do not push for full independence have been prosecuted on protest-related charges over the largely peaceful 2014 Umbrella Movement.

Leung is the first leading activist advocating full independence to come to court.

He was previously barred from standing in legislative elections due to his support for independence as Hong Kong’s pro-Beijing government cracks down on any advocacy of a split.

Leung resigned as spokesman of Hong Kong Indigenous and left the group in December last year.

The government’s squeeze on independence campaigners has seen several activists barred from standing for office and others ejected from Hong Kong’s partially elected legislature.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Stati Uniti

Cina. Shenzhen. Guangdong ed hi-tech.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-05-05.

2018-05-05_Zte__001

«la Zte …. è quotata a Hong Kong e Shenzhen, fattura l’equivalente di 14 miliardi di euro, con 85mila dipendenti, sedi in giro per il mondo …. Siamo un’azienda in cui più del 50% dei ricavi viene dall’estero»

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«già nel 2012 un report della commissione Intelligence del Congresso Usa chiedeva alle aziende di telecomunicazioni americane di non utilizzare le apparecchiature fornite dalla società e da Huawei, considerate non libere da influenze statali e quindi minaccia per la sicurezza nazionale»

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«Huawei, diventato un colosso da 92,5 miliardi di dollari di ricavi nel 2017 (+15,7% sul 2016) con utile netto a 7,3 miliardi di dollari (+28,1%)»

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«quel che da villaggio di appena 30mila abitanti al confine con Hong Kong è diventata in 30 anni un’area con circa 12 milioni di abitanti e che, con un Pil di oltre 287 miliardi di euro, può vantare un output superiore a quello di Portogallo o Irlanda oppure Vietnam. »

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«Huawei ha un’uscita autostradale ad hoc che conduce all’enorme sede-campus»

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«il piano “Made in China 2025”, con cui Pechino mira a raggiungere in 7 anni il 70% dell’autosufficienza in settori strategici fra cui robotica, aerospazio, tlc, intelligenza artificiale»

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«il Dipartimento del Commercio Usa ha deciso di vietare per 7 anni alle aziende Usa di fare affari con la società cinese»

* * * * * * *

I numeri sono eloquenti.

A fine 2017 il pil ppa degli Stati Uniti rappresentava il 16.12% del pil ppa mondiale.

Se sicuramente al momento attuale il sistema economico americano rappresenta una parte non indifferente di quello mondiale, altrettanto sicuramente un embargo americano non può nuocere oltre il 16.12% di quanto fatturato all’estero dalle società cinesi.

Le tecnologie della Huawei e della Zte sono allo stato dell’arte al punto tale che sono comprate da società occidentali.

L’epoca della produzione di “cineserie” è terminata da un bel pezzo.

Non è la Cina che deve adeguarsi all’Occidente: è l’Occidente che dovrà adeguarsi alla Cina.


 → Sole 24 Ore. 2018-05-01. Shenzhen, la città dei brevetti che spaventa gli Stati Uniti

All’inizio degli anni Novanta la Zte costruiva giocattoli per finanziare i suoi primi telefoni. Oggi è quotata a Hong Kong e Shenzhen, fattura l’equivalente di 14 miliardi di euro, con 85mila dipendenti, sedi in giro per il mondo e una posizione nel mercato delle realizzazioni delle reti mobili solo un gradino sotto al podio, dopo Huawei, Ericsson e Nokia. «Siamo un’azienda in cui più del 50% dei ricavi viene dall’estero. Un’azienda partita dalla Cina, ma internazionale», dice Fan Xiaobing, responsabile marketing globale e soluzioni commerciali per Global Sales & Services di Zte.

Onori e oneri però. Perché già nel 2012 un report della commissione Intelligence del Congresso Usa chiedeva alle aziende di telecomunicazioni americane di non utilizzare le apparecchiature fornite dalla società e da Huawei, considerate non libere da influenze statali e quindi minaccia per la sicurezza nazionale. Insomma, cavalli di Troia del governo cinese per raccogliere illegalmente dati o anche intervenire con manomissione delle reti di telecomunicazione in caso di conflitto. Zte – e ancora di più Huawei, diventato un colosso da 92,5 miliardi di dollari di ricavi nel 2017 (+15,7% sul 2016) con utile netto a 7,3 miliardi di dollari (+28,1%) – fanno ancora più paura oggi, alla luce soprattutto di un numero: 10 per cento. Uno su dieci fra i brevetti essenziali per la costruzione delle reti 5G è in mano cinese, con Huawei e Zte che la fanno da padrone. Il quadro si completa se a questo si unisce il piano “Made in China 2025”, con cui Pechino mira a raggiungere in 7 anni il 70% dell’autosufficienza in settori strategici fra cui robotica, aerospazio, tlc, intelligenza artificiale.

La Cina hi-tech che sfida Trump

Tutti addendi la cui somma sta nel corpo a corpo commerciale fra Stati Uniti e Cina in cui Zte è stata trascinata appieno, visto che il Dipartimento del Commercio Usa ha deciso di vietare per 7 anni alle aziende Usa di fare affari con la società cinese, accusata di aver disatteso un accordo per chiudere una vicenda legata alla violazione dell’embargo in Iran e Corea del Nord. Era stata patteggiata una multa da 1,19 miliardi di dollari, ma per gli Usa gli executive ai tempi della violazione sarebbero stati premiati anziché licenziati. Le azioni Zte non sono in contrattazione dallo scorso 16 aprile e la nota dell’azienda, il cui capitale è detenuto al 51% da società pubbliche, è stata durissima: «Il divieto non avrà solo un impatto grave sulla sopravvivenza e lo sviluppo di Zte, ma causerà danni a tutti i suoi partner, tra cui un gran numero di aziende statunitensi». In effetti, se la questione è delicatissima per Zte, anche per i fornitori – da Qualcomm a Oclaro, ad Acacia Communications – potrebbe aprirsi un problema non da poco. Sullo sfondo domina la speranza che la questione si possa ricomporre per vie diplomatiche prima degli inevitabili, e minacciati, strascichi legali. Ricordare, come fa il suo vicepresidente ai giornalisti italiani in visita nell’headquarter, che Zte è un’azienda internazionale fa parte di una strategia di apertura che fa indubbiamente il paio anche con l’input “politico” arrivato dal governo centrale e riguardante quello che da villaggio di appena 30mila abitanti al confine con Hong Kong è diventata in 30 anni un’area con circa 12 milioni di abitanti e che, con un Pil di oltre 287 miliardi di euro, può vantare un output superiore a quello di Portogallo o Irlanda oppure Vietnam.

Bussola su ricerca e sviluppo

Tutto in questa zona del Guangdong che da prima prova del capitalismo cinese si è poi trasformata in una sorta di Silicon Valley tuttora in trasformazione, il cuore della Cina hi-tech che ha catalizzato le preoccupazioni del presidente Usa Donald Trump, dove la manifattura spicciola sta lasciando spazio alla ricerca e sviluppo. E questo innanzitutto per le disposizioni in arrivo da Pechino. Capire i timori americani e la forza espressa dalla Cina sul versante tecnologico è arduo senza considerare quel che succede in questa che è una delle 4 zone economiche speciali del Paese. Dove però, spiega il ceo di Zte Italia Hu Kun, «ci si sta concentrando per volontà del governo su produzioni di qualità e ad alto valore aggiunto. Qui a Shenzhen rimangono i centri di R&D. Molti processi produttivi sono stati spostati altrove». In definitiva a Shenzhen la tecnologia è parte integrante della città e del contesto. Huawei ha un’uscita autostradale ad hoc che conduce all’enorme sede-campus. Dal lato opposto c’è la Foxconn, il maggiore fornitore cinese di Apple. Shenzhen ospita le principali società di produzione di smartphone in Cina, a esclusione di Xiaomi. E poi Tencent, Baidu o anche aziende italiane come Luxottica, nella vicina Dongguan, o Digital Bros.

Comunque una zona in cui l’hi-tech risalta come parte integrante della storia, del presente e del futuro di una città in cui tutto sembra nuovo, proteso al futuro e con poca o nulla memoria alle spalle. Certo, se il governo cinese punta all’alta qualità e alla ricerca e sviluppo, basta fare un giro per Huaqiangbei, uno dei mercati tecnologici della città, per capire che ci si trova anche all’interno del tempio della produttività a basso costo, protagonista della merce più varia – dagli smartphone (tanti i falsi), ai droni, alle memorie Ram – venduta in banchi che si susseguono e si affastellano in edifici a mo’ di mercati coperti, al chiuso, per certi versi claustrofobici.

La Silicon Valley cinese

«Questo è un territorio che si è molto sviluppato e che continuerà a crescere. Anche perché – spiega Laura Egoli, console generale italiano a Canton – possiamo dire che rientri in un’area in cui gravitano circa 70 milioni di persone» in cui la Cina punta a far leva sul vantaggio competitivo del Guangdong nel settore manifatturiero, di Hong Kong (a nemmeno un’ora d’auto) nei servizi e di Shenzhen nell’innovazione tecnologica. Un’area in cui un ulteriore impulso sarà dato dall’apertura del ponte di una cinquantina di chilometri realizzato per collegare Hong Kong, Macao e la cinese Zhuhai. In tutto questo la console non ha dubbi su chi potrebbe spuntarla in caso di guerra commerciale: «La Cina ne uscirebbe molto meno con le ossa rotte rispetto agli Usa». Nel quartier generale di Zte la tematica sicurezza, alla base delle preoccupazioni – reali o strumentali – degli Usa e non solo è liquidata con poche parole. «Zte – dice Fan Xiaobing – segue strettamente ed è compliant con le leggi locali perché vogliamo essere riconosciuti come partner affidabile in ogni Paese in cui stiamo lavorando». L’Italia è in questo un «mercato strategico», con un centro ricerca sul 5G a L’Aquila, una commessa importante ricevuta da Wind Tre per la realizzazione della parte radio della nuova rete della compagnia e altre possibili commesse alle quali, sentendo il ceo di Zte Italia, Hu Kun, la compagnia sta puntando.

Il 5G e il futuro di Zte

La visita al quartier generale di Shenzhen è una carrellata sulle possibilità della tecnologia e delle reti 5G: quelle che Zte considera il grimaldello per scardinare il primato nella costruzione di reti, ora nelle mani di Huawei. Il business è fatto per il 53% sul segmento “carrier network”, per il 9% sull’enterprise e per il 32,4% sul consumer. E così, componenti di stazioni radio base si alternano a smartphone (tra cui un modello con doppio schermo) fino allo smartphone per il 5G. Di questo si riparlerà quantomeno nella seconda metà del 2018 mentre dalle soluzioni per il video, alle serrature “intelligenti” è tutta una dimostrazione di forza in tema Internet of things. Tecnologia, ma anche formazione visto che Zte ha realizzato una “university” in cui tiene corsi di aggiornamento per staff, clienti e partner. La memoria è affidata invece a un museo interno, in cui sono ripercorsi gli inizi, con documenti e immagini delle due quotazioni, modelli di cellulari e telefoni fissi fino a una vecchia berlina Mercedes. «È l’auto – viene spiegato – con cui si andavano a prendere i primi clienti». Accanto in una vetrina c’è una coperta. Sarebbe stata portata da uno dei fondatori da casa, la notte a un collega che diceva di avere avuto freddo. Un po’ di paternalismo, forse anche inevitabile.

Pubblicato in: Cina

Completato il ponte Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao, il più lungo del mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-01-07.

2018-01-06__Hong_Kong__001

«The main structure of world’s longest cross-sea bridge linking Hong Kong, Zhuhai, and Macao was finished on Friday»

Hong Kong 002

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Hong Kong 004

«It has taken seven years to build the bridge, which will be open to traffic at the end of the year»

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«The main structure measures 29.6 kilometers, consisting of a 22.9-km bridge section and 6.7-km underground tunnel. The bridge’s total length is 55 kilometers»

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«The Y-shaped bridge will cut travel time between Hong Kong and Zhuhai from three hours to just 30 minutes»

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Sette ani di duro lavoro.

Ci sovviene come la Ferrovia del Brennero fosse stata costruita tra il 1860 ed il 1867, sette anni e tutti a picco e pala, unendo Innsbruck a Verona, 275.9 km. Fu progettata dall’ing Luigi Negretti, quello che aveva progettato anche il Canale di Suez. La Galleria Fleres è lunga 7,343 m. Un nome italiano che ben pochi ricordano.

Ma ci sovviene anche che dal 27 aprile 2008, dieci anni or sono, si iniziarono i lavori per la nuova ferrovia del Brennero: tutto meccanizzato, robotizzato, e con largo uso di intelligenza artificiale.  Mica tutta la tratta, sia ben chiaro: soltanto la galleria. Se ne prevede il termine nel 2020, ma nessuno ci giurerebbe.

Costo totale, un po’ più del ponte Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao. Salvo levitazioni in corso di opera. Fate Voi.

 


Xinua Net. 2018-01-05. Major work of world’s longest sea bridge completed

The main structure of world’s longest cross-sea bridge linking Hong Kong, Zhuhai, and Macao was finished on Friday, bridge builders said.

It has taken seven years to build the bridge, which will be open to traffic at the end of the year, said Zhu Yongling, director of the management bureau of the bridge.

The main structure measures 29.6 kilometers, consisting of a 22.9-km bridge section and 6.7-km underground tunnel. The bridge’s total length is 55 kilometers.

“The bridge has passed all engineering risks, and we will prepare it for public use in a few months,” said Zhu.

Lin Ming, chief engineer of China Communications Construction Company Ltd., said they tackled great engineering challenges in building the bridge.

The Y-shaped bridge will cut travel time between Hong Kong and Zhuhai from three hours to just 30 minutes, further integrating cities in the Pearl River Delta, said Wei Dongqing, the management bureau’s deputy Communist Party secretary.

It will create new space for the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, he said.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Hong Kong. Guarda guarda chi si rivede.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-26.

2017-11-26__Chi si rivede__001

Aska. 2017–26. A Hong Kong la comunità LGBT in piazza per la parità di genere

«Striscioni e bandiere arcobaleno per le strade di Hong Kong. La comunità LGBT ha sfilato per le vie della città per protestare e criticare la posizione delle autorità, in ritardo in materia di uguaglianza di diritti e parità di genere.»

La comunità lgbt di Hong Kong? Ma quel volto è europeo. Anzi, ben noto. Di cinesi veramente pochini, pochini.

Guardate qua. Una trasferta ad Hong Kong almeno un cinquemila euro sarà ben costata. Erano circa duecento. Una milionata. Beh: non c’è che dire. Gli affari vanno bene. Poi, questo caratterista è faccia ben nota. Cinese come gli omini blu della luna.

Merkel 998

 

Pubblicato in: Cina, Finanza e Sistema Bancario

Banche di Hong Kong. Negli ultimi cinque anni il +14% all’anno.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-11-01.

2017-10-31__Cina__Bank of China (Hong Kong) Ltd.

Bank of China (Hong Kong) Ltd


La regola aurea per diventare, e rimanere, ricchi è quella di evitare i suggerimenti dei consulenti economici e finanziari poveri.

Sarebbe una pia illusione che un funzionario a 1,400 euro al mese possa dare i suggerimenti necessari all’arricchimento. Se avesse saputo darli, sarebbe divento lui stesso ricco.

Una banca taccagna e piangiolenta, tutta tesa ad ossequiare leggi, normative e regolamenti è tale perché non sa proprio come fare a regolarsi. Si dovrebbe poi pretendere che usi buon senso con i clienti?

Oppure, come si potrebbe pretendere che una banca con i conti in dissesto possa rendere fiorenti i nostri conti?

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Ma il mondo è diventato piccolo, molto piccolo.  Hong Kong è una simpaticissima città: vi si trova tutto e di tutto. Ivi comprese delle signore banche.

Che godono un’ottima salute, accolgono a braccia aperte e, soprattutto, stanno pazientemente a sentire le esigenze dei clienti, che seguono con la cura di una nutrice. Non taglieggiano i clienti con commissioni esose, e ben si guardano da cambiare unilateralmente le condizioni del conto.

Non esiste esigenza alla quale rispondano: non è possibile. E questo anche per chi avesse un conto talmente piccolo da fare tenerezza. Sanno che è compito loro farlo diventare un conto di tutto rispetto.

Come risultato, guadagnano e fanno guadagnare.

Hong Kong retail banks’ profits up 4.5 per cent in first three quarters

Banks are closing branches all over the world, but why not in Hong Kong?

L’ HSBC Group aveva nel 2016 una revenue di 47.96 miliardi Usd

Bank of China (Hong Kong) Ltd. Financial Highlights.

«Tight cost control along with better asset quality has allowed Hong Kong’s biggest banks to offer shareholders the highest returns in the region»

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«The large banks in Hong Kong are some of the most profitable in the world»

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«In this regard, HSBC Hong Kong, Bank of China Hong Kong and Hang Seng Bank have performed much better than Standard Chartered and Bank of East Asia»

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«Morgan Stanley analysts calculated that Hong Kong banks’ have offered returns with a compound annual growth rate of approximately 14 per cent over the past five years, the strongest performance among all the Asia Pacific ex Japan MSCI country bank indices for the period»

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Riassumendo.

Negli ultimi cinque anni le banche di Hong Kong hanno fruttato mediamente il 14% ogni anno.

È un biglietto da visita degno di essere preso in attenta considerazione.


South China Morning Post. 2017-10-29. Hong Kong banks among world’s most profitable thanks to low costs, better asset quality

Tight cost control along with better asset quality has allowed Hong Kong’s biggest banks to offer shareholders the highest returns in the region.

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The large banks in Hong Kong are some of the most profitable in the world, partly due to their low costs, according to industry experts.

Banking analysts say this is partly a result of market fundamentals, but also comes down to cost control decisions taken by the banks themselves. In this regard, HSBC Hong Kong, Bank of China Hong Kong and Hang Seng Bank have performed much better than Standard Chartered and Bank of East Asia.

Other factors driving the sector’s profitability include high loan growth and few substantial problems with asset quality.

Morgan Stanley analysts calculated that Hong Kong banks’ have offered returns with a compound annual growth rate of approximately 14 per cent over the past five years, the strongest performance among all the Asia Pacific ex Japan MSCI country bank indices for the period.

Their performance can also be seen in Hong Kong’s contribution to the results of the large global banks with a presence in the city.

HSBC Group as a whole made pre tax profits of US$10.2 billion in the first half of this year; HSBC in Hong Kong alone made nearly half that figure – US$4.6 billion.

Standard Chartered announced first half pre tax profits of US1.91 billion at a group level; Standard Chartered Bank Hong Kong made just over a third of that – US$662 million.

“[This] offers a reminder of the dominance of Hong Kong, despite the fact that Standard Chartered’s recent growth in Hong Kong has been ‘soft’ relative to peers,” Ian Gordon, head of bank research at Investec, said in a report.

Anil Agarwal, head of Asia ex Japan banks research at Morgan Stanley, said profitability of the largest banks in Hong Kong was “partly the nature of the beast”.

“For banks the largest cost is on the liability side, actually raising the assets to lend. But in Hong Kong, if you have consolidated market share, you need a lot fewer branches to raise a deposit base,” he said.

In Hong Kong, deposits per capita are over US$200,000, the highest in Asia. To take an example at the opposite end of the spectrum, in India they are 80,000 rupees (US$1,200).

Consequently, large banks in Hong Kong can raise a lot of money more cheaply than their competitors overseas, and gain greater returns when they lend it out.

However, Agarwal said the low cost base of the largest Hong Kong banks was also a result of actions taken by the banks themselves.

Morgan Stanley analysts, including Agarwal, said in a report that of the top five banks in Hong Kong, the three largest (HSBC Hong Kong, Bank of China Hong Kong and Hang Seng) were much more efficient from a cost perspective than the other two (Standard Chartered and Bank of East Asia).

The first three had a cost to income ratio of under 40 per cent in 2016, as opposed to one of about 60 per cent for BEA and Standard Chartered.

BEA is in the middle of a three year cost cutting programme, although Standard Chartered says it has completed its attempts to cut costs.

“The three largest banks are absolutely great in terms of cost control,” said Agarwal.

“It is easy for banks to fritter away cost advantage by spending more on staff costs or expansion, but the largest Hong Kong banks have been very disciplined in keeping a tight leash on cost income ratios.”

As for profits, loan growth has been strong in Hong Kong, and across the sector loans in the first six months of this year were up 15 per cent compared to the same period last year.

One reason for this was policies on the mainland. Deleveraging means that mainland banks are less willing to lend to corporates, who instead look to Hong Kong banks. Yue Yi, chief executive of Bank of China Hong Kong, said in June that capital controls on the mainland had driven more Chinese corporates to borrow in Hong Kong.

However, even loans for use in Hong Kong were up 14 per cent year on year, as the economy has performed well.

As for asset quality, analysts have two major concerns for Hong Kong banks – mainland lending, and mortgages – but neither offer a major threat at this stage.

“China-related lending, undoubtedly, will remain the biggest concentration risk for Hong Kong banks. However, the way it is managed and supervised is evolving and we have been seeing corrective actions from some banks or in other cases just a sensible slow-down which supports their loan quality,” said Sabine Bauer, senior director at ratings agency Fitch.

As for property, this is a concern but residential mortgages made up just 5 per cent of the banking systems assets at the end of 2016, and since then the HKMA has taken repeated action to limit banks’ exposure to the property sector.



Bank of China (Hong Kong) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2826-6888
Fax: +852-2810-5830
Sito Web

Bank of Communications Co., Ltd. – Hong Kong Branch
Tel.: +852-2239-5559
Sito Web

China CITIC Bank International Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2287-6767
Sito Web

China Construction Bank (Asia) Corporation Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2779-5533
Fax: +852-3718-3273
Sito Web

Chiyu Banking Corporation Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2843-0111
Fax: +852-2810-4207
E-mail: chiyu@chiyubank.com
Sito Web

Chong Hing Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-3768-6888
E-mail: customerservice@chbank.com
Sito Web

Citibank (Hong Kong) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2860-0333
Fax: +852-3009-2883
Sito Web

Dah Sing Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2828-8168
Sito Web

DBS Bank (Hong Kong) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2290-8888
Sito Web

Fubon Bank (Hong Kong) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2842-6222
Fax: +852-2810-1483
E-mail: cs.inquiry.fbhk@fubon.com
Sito Web

Hang Seng Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2822-0228
Fax: +852-3409-1235
Sito Web

HSBC – The Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2233-3000
Sito Web

Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (Asia) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2189-5588
Fax: +852-2758-1340
Sito Web

Nanyang Commercial Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2622-2633
E-mail: nanyang@ncb.com.hk
Sito Web

OCBC Wing Hang Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2815-1123
Fax: +852-2541-7459
Sito Web

Public Bank (Hong Kong) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-8107-0818
E-mail: contact@publicbank.com.hk
Sito Web

Shanghai Commercial Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2818-0282
Sito Web

Standard Chartered Bank (Hong Kong) Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2886-8868
Fax: +852-2535-4282
Sito Web

Tai Sang Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2544-5011
Fax: +852-2545-5242
Sito Web

Tai Yau Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2522-9002
Fax: +852-2522-3296
Sito Web

The Bank of East Asia Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2211-1333
Sito Web

Wing Lung Bank Ltd.
Tel.: +852-2309-5555
Fax: +852-2530-5798
Sito Web

Pubblicato in: Criminalità Organizzata

Hong Kong. La mafia calabrese sarebbe già polo dominante.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-01.

2017-07-30__Diplomat__001

«It seems that the ‘Ndrangheta has fallen in love with Hong Kong and the honeymoon is far from over.»

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«Italian mafia families have begun using Hong Kong as a base for financial crimes»

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«There are many “soft spots” in the world: some of them are haunted by organized crime, some others are known to turn sometimes a blind eye to illicit money, and certain individuals are capable of making huge fortunes by connecting the two dots on a map»

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«When “The Pope,” Emanuele Sangiovanni, and 38 other people were arrested in 2014 Italian investigators seized goods, apartments, bank accounts, and 39 companies worth dozens of millions of euros. From a tiny office in Brianza with no windows and no toilets, dubbed “il tugurio” (“the shack”), Pensabene and his organization were able to launder several million euros for their Calabrian cousins, working as the financial arm of the southern clans deeply involved in cocaine trafficking»

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Ne parliamo soltanto perché la stampa internazionale specialistica inizia a parlarne. Quindi, riportiamo la notizia: ulteriori informazioni sarebbero del tutto fuori luogo.

Non aggiungiamo commenti perché molti processi sono in corso e gli imputati sono da considerarsi innocenti fino a sentenza cassata.

Si vorrebbe soltanto far notare come la stessa azione sia etichettata meritoria se compiuta da un qualche organismo statale, ma sia invece etichettata come delinquenza finanziaria se fatta da un privato.


The Diplomat. 2017-07-26. How the Calabrian Mafia Discovered Hong Kong

Italian mafia families have begun using Hong Kong as a base for financial crimes.

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There are many “soft spots” in the world: some of them are haunted by organized crime, some others are known to turn sometimes a blind eye to illicit money, and certain individuals are capable of making huge fortunes by connecting the two dots on a map.

But on a summer afternoon in 2012 the Italian investigators listening to a tapped conversation between a ‘Ndrangheta Don and a broker could not believe their ears, because these particular “soft spots” were unimaginably distant, even for men used to investigating criminals with an international attitude. As far as investigators knew,  ‘Ndrangheta (pronounced “An-Dran-Gh-Ta”) — the Calabrian version of Cosa Nostra, ranking in the last 20 years as the most powerful Italian crime syndicate — had established connections with Canada and Australia, but never ventured into the Far East.

Or so they thought.

The first man on the phone, Giuseppe Pensabene — aka “The Pope” — was no stranger to the detectives of SCO, a special squad of the Italian police focused on organized crime. Born in 1968 in Montebello Jonico, a tiny village in Italy’s southern region of Calabria and a ‘Ndrangheta stronghold, Pensabene started his criminal career in the early 1980 by joining the Imertis, a “respected family” involved in the so-called “Second ‘Ndrangheta War,” a bloody feud in which almost 500 people were killed between 1985 and 1991.

In 1988, Pensabene moved north and settled in Brianza, the region surrounding Milan and one of Italy’s wealthiest areas. But as every investigator working on Calabrian syndicates might confirm, it seems you can not teach a new trick to an old ‘Ndrangheta mobster: “The Pope” turned into a professional of extortion, drug trafficking, and money laundering. After the spate of arrests known as “Operazione Crimine-Infinito,” in 2010 he was eventually crowned boss of one of Northern Italy’s most notorious organizations.

The second voice on the phone was an Italian-Swiss broker named Emanuele Sangiovanni. As investigators listened in, he said, “This company is good, it guarantees a double shielding… First step is a trust company in Malta, second step is a Hong Kong company, so it’s virtually unreachable for authorities. The administrator is a Hong Kongese architect.”

“How do I do this from Italy?” Pensabene replied.

“You need an attorney, someone you can trust… Or you can reach an agreement and make the guy come here [to Europe], but it’s too expensive, we have to do this in Malta.”

“I’ll take care of it.”

When “The Pope,” Emanuele Sangiovanni, and 38 other people were arrested in 2014 Italian investigators seized goods, apartments, bank accounts, and 39 companies worth dozens of millions of euros. From a tiny office in Brianza with no windows and no toilets, dubbed “il tugurio” (“the shack”), Pensabene and his organization were able to launder several million euros for their Calabrian cousins, working as the financial arm of the southern clans deeply involved in cocaine trafficking.

The investigators never managed to fully identify the “Hong Kongese architect,” but his shell company was not the only clue pointing to a connection between Pensabene and the Far East. Almost 100 percent of the clients requesting Pensabene’s “services” were Calabrian gangs, but a certain invoice attracted the detectives’ attention: a Chinese company named Fengrun International Ltd. It was connected to Pensabene’s shady web through several bank transfers for hundreds of thousands of euros. The key figure in this deal was Giuseppe Vinciguerra, a 40-something Sicilian who connected the Calabrian mobsters with businessmen looking for a safe way to clean their money and provided Pensabene and his partners with many firearms at his disposal after some former deals.

In 2012, according to the SCO, the Pensabene-Vinciguerra joint venture was worth 8.2 million euros ($9.6 million), and the Sicilian had already accomplished a plan to diversify their business targeting new markets and brand new customers: the Chinese.

Vinciguerra had been a person of interest since the end of “Operazione Crimine-Infinito” and his different mobile phones were tapped, regardless of his efforts to switch from one telephone to another on a weekly basis. In December 2011 SCO detectives listened to six conversations between Vinciguerra and a Chinese national dubbed “Michele.”

The two men were discussing several different “deliveries,” “containers,” “parcels,” and “journeys,” referring to bank transfers that might — or might not — be related to Fengrun International Ltd.

On the evening of December 11, Vinciguerra and “Michele” agreed to meet to tie up some loose ends, and the investigators — who were clueless about the true identity of “Michele” — decided to put up a surveillance system around the Sicilian. The next afternoon, a blue Volkswagen Touareg parked side by side with Vinciguerra’s Mercedes SW in the courtyard behind GMB, a company in the whereabouts of Milan the mobsters used as a facade for their activities.

A 30-something-year-old Asian stepped into the Mercedes and the two men spent the next two hours discussing, unaware that police officers hidden at a convenient distance were shooting pictures and tracking their mobiles.

The Volkswagen’s plate number and the phone in the Asian man’s pocket were eventually traced to Chen Sheng, born in 1981 in Zhejiang province, China. The Chinese national, owner of a prosperous waste-disposal company in Milan, had reported the theft of his mobile to the police several months before and the investigators never managed to prove whether he was or was not the same “Michele” in partnership with the Calabrians for a money laundering scheme.

“It is very likely they were the same person but the chances are not 100 percent. Actually, by listening other phone conversations, we cannot confirm that the man discussing in Italian with a Chinese accent with Vinciguerra was always the same person,” says one of the investigators, hinting at a broader audience of Chinese customers for the Calabrians’ “special services.”

Pensabene, Sangiovanni, Vinciguerra, and all the others were found guilty of mafia-type conspiracy, money laundering, loan sharking, extortion, attempted smuggling, possessing of undeclared firearms, and several other felonies. Although the “Asian connection” is still under investigation, it soon turned out they were not the only ‘Ndrangheta wiseguys looking at the Far East for opportunities. Somebody had arrived in Hong Kong long before them.

Like many Calabrian crime stories, these two tales are obliquely intertwined: in December 2014 the Milanese DDA (Direzione Distrettuale Antimafia) arrested 59 people for accusations of various criminal activities. The Martino brothers, Giulio and Vincenzo, are accused of being the leaders of a dangerous organization with legal and illegal interests in many different businesses. Born in Reggio Calabria — the region’s biggest town, and the most plagued by organized crime — both brothers trace the beginning of their criminal career back to the infamous Second War of ‘Ndrangheta.

During this vicious feud for supremacy over the Calabrian gangs — in a time when Reggio Calabria and neighboring villages experienced execution-style murders almost every day for six long years — the Martino brothers were part of the DeStefano family, a name largely synonymous with the quintessential aristocracy of Calabrian crime. In their 20s, Giulio and Vincenzo found themselves battling against a 20-something Giuseppe “Not-Yet-The-Pope” Pensabene, initiated to the mob by DeStefanos’ bitter enemies, the Imerti family.

Now, in 2011, 500 murders and exactly 20 years after the Second War of ‘Ndrangheta ended with a truce between the DeStefanos, the Imertis, and their allies, the Martino brothers were sitting in a bar in Milan face-to-face with their former rival to strike a bargain. What happened?

Both “The Pope” and the Martino brothers had been aware of each others’ presence in Milan for many years, but their paths never crossed until two Milanese businessmen, in financial trouble, asked for the Dons’ help to solve a potential conflict. Cristiano Sala was an entrepreneur whose companies offered many catering services to San Siro Stadium, the arena where A.C. Milan and Inter Milan play soccer every week. And yet, Sala was in dire need of money, and in a desperate effort asked Pensabene’s help to persuade Marco Santulli, another businessman who owed him at least 500 thousand  euros, to pay up — by any means. Santulli, knowing that there was a powerful Don behind Sala turned to the Martino brothers for help. The former ‘Ndrangheta enemies had learned their lesson from the previous war in Calabria, and instead of battling again found an appeasement between the concerned parties. That’s how the Martinos met Sala, who eventually started working for them and helped the Calabrese brothers to infiltrate his network of Milanese wealthy entrepreneurs.

After a decade-long conviction for cocaine trafficking, Giulio and Vincenzo Martino became apparently “respectable,” investing in several businesses from construction to car dealers, but in fact they had never quit their old habits: Edmondo Colangelo, one of their henchmen, was caught in the port city of Genoa buying 283 kilograms of cocaine through some Dominican connections, an investment worth millions of euros. It became clear to the investigators who were trying to nail them that the Martinos had kept their huge wealth even during the long years spent in prison through some hidden bank accounts; now these funds were finally back at their disposal.

The financial mind who made this possible was Francesco Longo, an Italian broker established in Switzerland whose role finally came under the spotlight after months of investigations. The Martinos were trying to buy the majority stake of a big hotel on the Riviera, between Italy and France, but to reach their goal they first needed to have some of their hidden cash back. On a brisk Milanese morning in March 2011, during a meeting between Giulio Martino and his financial broker Longo held at the Western Palace Hotel, the investigators managed to catch this conversation:

“The companies in that list… These are our companies in Dubai. Peter took the money, but… Oh! They made such a mess, they created 10 companies because they can’t keep the money frozen, the money needs to flow,” said Longo.

“I know,” answered Martino.

“So, do you know where this money comes from? It comes from Hong Kong!”

“Yes, I know. Hong Kong.”

“The money comes from Hong Kong, flows to Dubai, and then… Every time somebody ask for this they owe me 15 [percent]. So, if you ask me to [handle] 5 million… It’s always 15 [percent].”

“That’s normal.”

The detectives eventually found confirmation that from 1996 to 2009 the Martinos had kept their hidden capitals in Switzerland and Hong Kong through Edmondo Colangelo, the Martinos’ henchman and drug dealer. Colangelo started cooperating with the authorities after his arrest. Here is a transcript of his declarations to the District Attorney:

DA: Do you have any knowledge about financial operations by Franco Longo involving the Martino Brothers, especially in Dubai and Hong Kong?

Colangelo: In 2011 Giulio Martino told me that , before they were arrested in 1996, both he and his brother Vincenzo kept their money in some confidential bank accounts in Switzerland. He also mentioned that he went through some difficulties because the Swiss bank was acquired by a larger financial institution, and he could have lost his money because of the increasing controls. So he asked for Longo’s help, and he told me that Longo managed to get his money back through foreign bank accounts in Hong Kong and Dubai. But I don’t have any other details.

DA: The Franco Longo you mentioned in several occasions, do you know what’s his job?

Colangelo: Frankly, I never fully understood. Giulio Martino said that Longo had a trust company in Switzerland, that he was a man who knew “how to make the money flow,” and that he “had the right acquaintances.”

According to some investigators, these “acquaintances” included the mysterious “Peter” mentioned in the tapped conversation between Long and Martino at the Western Palace Hotel in Milan, and also a certain “Oliver” whose name pops up here and there in many other confidential conversations. The identity of these men still remains unknown, even after Longo’s arrest, but few people at DDA think that these individuals might be anything else than careful middlemen, brokers hidden in “soft spots” on the financial world map, like Dubai and Hong Kong.

But in this shadowy world of mobsters and financial brokers there was also another specific individual eager to help the ‘Ndrangheta to travel across the Silk Road: a politician. Former Senator Nicola Di Girolamo is a Roman lawyer who — according to “Operazione Phuncards-Broker,” an investigation led by Rome’s DA — owed his seat at the Italian Senate to the Arena family. That particular ‘Ndrangheta clan, based in Isola Capo Rizzuto — a small village in northern Calabria —  spread its men and its money across Italy and several European countries.

Di Girolamo ran his campaign for Silvio Berlusconi’s party PDL (Partito della Libertà) and was elected in 2008, but in the previous years he had been working hard behind the scenes to win the Arenas’ support. As the investigators unraveled his past movements, they found evidence that at the end of 2006 Di Girolamo was traveling across Southeast Asia to take care of “the family businesses.” At the end of November 2006, Di Girolamo was in Hong Kong to establish several shell companies such as New Success Ltd., Y2K Diamonds, and Super Harvest Finance. At the beginning of December he was in Kuala Lumpur and then in Singapore, where he left some traces of expensive payments at the lavish Raffles Hotel.

What Di Girolamo did not know, at the time, was that within three years he would find himself at the epicenter of a huge scandal: the web of shell companies he set up was meant for a huge tax evasion scheme that benefited both the top management of two of Italy’s most important IT companies and the Arena family itself. The scheme was nicknamed in Italian “Carosello” (“Carousel Tax Fraud”): the shell companies were used to sell to each other fake IT services in order to provide the mother companies with an illegal exemption of VAT. According to the investigators, Di Girolamo’s contact in Hong Kong was an individual named “Raymond Choi” or “Raymond Chan”: in 2007 the phone calls between the two men and several others involved in the scheme became frantic, as they grew aware of the attention of the authorities that their illicit activities had already drawn, but the identity of  “Raymond” has never been established.

One of these persons of interest in the case, Silvio Fanella, allegedly the bookkeeper of the organization, was shot dead in Rome in 2014 while he was serving four years of home detention. The killers, disguised with the uniforms of Guardia di Finanza — the Italian military police responsible for enforcing financial laws — were never found. Di Gregorio, Fanella, Gennaro Mokbel — allegedly the leader of the gang — and 50 other people, including some men of the Arena family, were formally charged with several crimes, including tax evasion and money laundering. Some cautious estimates shows that between February 2006 and February 2007, in Hong Kong alone, the organization managed to hide from Italian revenue authorities approximately 14 millions euros.

Many investigations are still ongoing, but the road to the east is already open. It seems that the ‘Ndrangheta has fallen in love with Hong Kong and the honeymoon is far from over.