Pubblicato in: Cina

Hong Kong. Si inizia con la mano leggera. Solo 241 arresti, per il momento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-10-08.

Pechino-Cina

La pazienza dei cinesi si dirada.

Tuttavia, le Autorità hanno usato la mano leggera.

«La polizia di Hong Kong ha eseguito 241 arresti nel weekend lungo del 4-7 ottobre, di cui 170 uomini e 71 donne, di età compresa tra i 12 e i 54 anni: le accuse, in base alla “diffusa efferatezza” contro agenti e cittadini con diverse visioni, variano dall’adesione a manifestazioni illegali al possesso d’armi esplosive e all’uso delle mascherine, bandite da sabato negli eventi pubblici»

«Tra i 77 casi di arresti per l’uso delle mascherine, 14 sono stati incriminati oggi.»

Orbene: adesso che è iniziata una sia pur blanda reazione cinese, i media liberal occidentali stanno zitti come pesci:  forse avrebbero capito che tutto il loro clangore altro non faceva che peggiorare la situazione.

Nessuno stato può tollerare una rivoluzione in casa propria e tanto meno l’intrusione di stati stranieri.

* * *

Hong Kong: 241 arresti nel weekend

La polizia di Hong Kong ha eseguito 241 arresti nel weekend lungo del 4-7 ottobre, di cui 170 uomini e 71 donne, di età compresa tra i 12 e i 54 anni: le accuse, in base alla “diffusa efferatezza” contro agenti e cittadini con diverse visioni, variano dall’adesione a manifestazioni illegali al possesso d’armi esplosive e all’uso delle mascherine, bandite da sabato negli eventi pubblici. Lo ha riferito uno dei massimi funzionari, Kwok Yam-yung. Tra i 77 casi di arresti per l’uso delle mascherine, 14 sono stati incriminati oggi.

* * *

Hong Kong: Lam a governi stranieri, basta sostegno a rivolta

«Il capo esecutivo della Regione Amministrativa Speciale cinese di Hong Kong, Carrie Lam, ha esortato i politici stranieri a smettere di sostenere i rivoltosi, Lam ha affermato che la “violenza senza precedenti” di questi giorni ha portato Hong Kong in “una situazione molto pericolosa”.»

«Frattanto, uno dei massimi funzionari dell’ex colonia britannica, Kwok Yam-yung, ha dichiarato che la polizia di Hong Kong ha eseguito 241 arresti nel weekend lungo del 4-7 ottobre, di cui 170 uomini e 71 donne, di età compresa tra i 12 e i 54 anni.

Le accuse, variano dall’adesione a manifestazioni illegali al possesso d’armi esplosive e all’uso delle mascherine, bandite da sabato negli eventi pubblici.»

*

South China Morning Post. 2019-10-08. Hong Kong anti-mask law charges reach 16 following weekend of violent protests

– Another six men and eight women faced charges at West Kowloon Court on Tuesday

– Ban was imposed by the city’s leader Carrie Lam, when she invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance for the first time in over half a century

Another 14 people have been charged for breaking the new anti-mask law, bringing the

total number of prosecution cases relating to the ban

that took effect on Saturday to at least 16.

The six men and eight women faced charges at West Kowloon Court on Tuesday afternoon.

The new ban was imposed by the city’s leader Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor last Friday, when she invoked the Emergency Regulations Ordinance for the first time in over half a century.

The Prohibition on Face Covering Regulation forbids anyone from wearing “facial coverings” that are likely to conceal a person’s identity during demonstrations, regardless of whether the assembly is lawful or not. Those convicted face one year in jail or a HK$25,000 (US$3,187) fine.

A university student and an unemployed woman became the first to be charged under the new law and appeared in court on Monday.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Cina. Inizia il boicottaggio delle imprese occidentali. Versace, Zara & Co.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-09.

Gufo_017__

Nel dover constatare quanto stia accadendo, si resta sempre più sbalorditi di quanto la classe dirigente occidentale sembri ignorare le caratteristiche fondamentali del popolo cinese, che differiscono grandemente da quelle europee ed americane. Sarebbe davvero utile che almeno la dirigenza si studiasse un poco di storia cinese, ma proprio un solo pochino.

Eppure in passato c’erano state ben chiare avvisaglie.

La Cina boicotta Dolce & Gabbana: “hanno offeso la madrepatria”

«In meno di 24 ore i siti di e-commerce cinesi hanno fatto sparire tutti i prodotti di Dolce & Gabbana. In alcuni casi i prodotti sono stati fatti sparire, come se mai fossero esistiti, già dalla serata di ieri. Un danno economico non indifferente, soprattutto alla vigilia del Black Friday. Conti alla mano è a rischio un terzo del fatturato globale dell’azienda.

Se si digita il nome Dolce & Gabbana su siti come Yangmatou, Kaola, Xiaohongshu, Secco, Alibaba Tmall’s, JD.com, VIPshop e Netease, non esce alcun risultato, come se mai questi portali avessero venduto prodotti del guru della moda italiana nel mondo. Da Yangmatou hanno fatto sapere che 58.000 prodotti sono stati eliminati dalla sua piattaforma, perché “la madrepatria è più importante di qualsiasi cosa”.

Il motivo del contendere sono alcuni spot che l’azienda di moda ha realizzato per lanciare il Great Show, la sfilata evento che si sarebbe dovuta tenere all’Expo Centre di Shanghai. Sfilata che poi, viste le polemiche relativi a tali spot, è stata annullata.»

*

Sanzioni. Attenti, che la Cina le fa per davvero.

«The hashtag “boycotting Balenciaga’s discrimination toward Chinese” attracted more than 19.3 million page views on China’s official Sina Weibo microblog as of press time.»

«Tutti i giri turistici hanno eliminato per i cinesi le visite ai Printemps ed ai negozi che vendono il marchio Balenciaga.

In Cina i negozi che trattavano quel Brand non ne vendono più nemmeno un paio di scarpe a regalarlo e li stanno rendendo alla Maison.»

Cina. Record mondiale con 135 mln di turisti che hanno speso 261.1 mld Usd.

Attenzione! I cinesi non sono come gli occidentali e, si badi bene, non si è mosso il Governo. Quelli hanno il testosterone nelle vene.

* * * * * * *

«As the protests intensify in Hong Kong, international luxury brands are getting caught in the crossfire»

«Global brands such as Versace, Coach, Calvin Klein, Givenchy, ASICS, and Swarovski have all become tied up in controversy on the mainland this week for listing Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan as a separate countries or regions – not part of China – on their official websites or brand T-shirts.»

«China’s state media propaganda machine is running at full speed to counter the anti-Beijing voices, and many Chinese social media users are now involved in an online hunt for international companies seemingly not abiding by the “one country, two system” principle, which states that while Hong Kong enjoys “a high degree of autonomy” it is part of China.»

«On 8 August, an image of a T-shirt by Italian fashion house Versace started making the rounds on social media. One Chinese web user wrote: “I discovered this recently, and wondered if the design of this T-shirt means that Versace is supporting Hong Kong independence?”»

«By 11 August, the T-shirt was being called out by hundreds on Chinese social media for seeming to list Hong Kong and Macau as independent countries.»

«The hashtag “Versace Suspected of [Supporting] Hong Kong and Macau Independence” soon received more than three million views on Weibo, one of China’s most popular social media platforms.»

«Many commenters condemned the brand while others accused it of being “two faced” and for profiting from Chinese money while disregarding Chinese sovereignty.»

«The Versace brand issued a statement on its official Weibo account (link in Chinese) on 11 August, saying the T-shirts – which also contained several spelling errors – had already been recalled and destroyed in late July. It “deeply apologised for the controversy” that it said was caused by a design “error”.»

«Versace said it “loves China” and “resolutely respects China’s territorial sovereignty”.»

«Donatella Versace, designer and chief creative officer of Versace, also issued a personal apology on Instagram: “Never have I wanted to disrespect China’s National Sovereignty and this is why I wanted to personally apologize for such inaccuracy and for any distress that it may have caused.”»

«Over the past week, the Versace controversy has snowballed into a marketing crisis for multiple international luxury brands, terrified of losing access to the massive and lucrative Chinese market.»

«Less than 24 hours after Versace’s apology, Coach, Givenchy, ASICS, Samsung, Calvin Klein, Swarovski and Fresh were also exposed online for their erroneous geographic listings.»

* * * * * * *

Hong Kong. La polizia militare la ha circondata.

Hong Kong. Arrestati Mr Joshua Wong ed altri due attivisti.

Gli stati occidentali stanno alimentando le sommosse in corso ad Hong Kong per loro motivi politici ed ideologici, ed il tutto accade proprio nel bel mezzo di una feroce guerra valutaria e fiscale tra Usa e Cina. Ma questi governi occidentali sembrerebbero non rappresentare più volontà ed esigenze dei popoli che guidano.

«Over the past week, the Versace controversy has snowballed into a marketing crisis for multiple international luxury brands, terrified of losing access to the massive and lucrative Chinese market.»

«Less than 24 hours after Versace’s apology, Coach, Givenchy, ASICS, Samsung, Calvin Klein, Swarovski and Fresh were also exposed online for their erroneous geographic listings.»

* * *

Le risposte cinesi sono state, nel loro stile, sommesse, quasi sussurrate, e pacate, facendo precedere i fatti alle dichiarazioni. Ma molte contromosse cinesi sono arrivate del tutto inaspettate.

La Cina svaluta ancora lo yuan. Ora il rapporto Usd/Cny vale 7.1502.

Cina – Usa. La guerra commerciale e dei dazi si internazionalizza.

Con l’ultima faccenda di Zara dovrebbe essere chiaro che le aziende occidentali possono sicuramente essere presenti in Cina, ma altrettanto sicuramente i cinesi non intendono comprare merci prodotte da gente che non ne rispetta la sovranità nazionale sinica.

E gli occidentali hanno ben poco da recriminare sui media e sui social cinesi.

Basti solo pensare a cosa sta accadendo in casa loro.

Facebook. Per pubblicare sono richiesti i documenti anagrafici.

In sintesi. Questa risposta cinese è ancor più tagliente perché l’occidente è disarmato contro questa evenienza: mica può costringere i cinesi a comprare merci di quanti li denigrino.


Hong Kong protests: How Zara became the new target of Chinese anger

Spanish retailer Zara has found itself embroiled in controversy in China after some of its stores were closed on a day Hong Kong was expected to see widespread strike action.

Thousands of Chinese social media are calling for a boycott, accusing the retailer of supporting employees wanting to join the strike.

The chain has said it was just ensuring its shops weren’t understaffed if transport was disrupted.

But that has done little to stem anger.

Hong Kong has seen months of protest, with much of the anger directed at what protesters say is a growing influence of mainland China in Hong Kong.

Many companies have found themselves facing an angry reaction from mainland China over anything perceived as supporting the protests or challenging Chinese sovereignty.

So how did the closure of some stores lead to Zara being the latest target?

‘If you’re not sincere, don’t say anything’

The uproar started after four Zara stores in Hong Kong closed temporarily on Monday.

That was a day when about 10,000 pupils from 200 secondary schools – according to organisers – boycotted the first day of the new term, to support the protests.

Hong Kong had on the same day braced itself for a two-day strike, though this eventually didn’t gain much traction.

Hong Kong-based newspaper Ming Pao ran an article showing a picture of a sign it said was posted at one Zara store saying it was closed, and speculating on whether this was in support of the strike and boycott.

It wasn’t long before this were picked up on Weibo, where it was assumed Zara was pro-protest, and many called for a boycott.

Zara – which is owned by parent company Inditex – quickly posted a brief statement on its official Weibo page clarifying that it had “never been involved in any strike”.

It said it supported the “One country, two systems” model, under which Hong Kong is part of China. However this has done little to quell online anger.

But the hashtag #ZaraStatement went viral on Weibo – racking up more than 330 million views – with many calling the statement insincere.

“This is really perfunctory. If you really want to sincerely talk about it, say it in a [proper] way. If you’re not sincere, don’t say anything,” said one typical comment on Weibo.

Brand ‘witch hunt’ takes over Chinese internet

Seven ways China’s media took on HK protests

It is not unusual for Western brands to find themselves in the middle of a consumer backlash in China – though they usually dig their way out by issuing long apologetic statements.

The pro-China internet commenters felt what was missing from Zara’s statement was an overt apology.

“Show some sincerity Zara. I hope you will apologise and give a [proper] answer. If not, get out,” one Weibo user said.

“You have the freedom to make whatever statement you want Zara. I also have the right not to buy your brand,” another commenter said.

State media outlet the Global Times on Tuesday further inflamed tensions with an opinion piece which called for Zara to give “a solemn explanation”.

It said Zara was setting a “very negative example”.

Zara later clarified that it had “delayed” opening some stores on Monday because workers had trouble getting to work due to transport problems linked to the protests.

Activists had on Monday disrupted train services at different stations, causing major rush hour traffic delays.

“Let us clarify that all our 14 stores in Hong Kong SAR opened and every customer was welcome that day,” said Inditex in a statement to the BBC.

“Due to transportation difficulties, we delayed the opening of four of our stores for several hours until our employees have been able to arrive to their jobs.”

The Global Times however, said in a separate article that its reporters had found that train services “were not significantly delayed”, implying that Zara had not been completely honest.

The Spanish retailer said it “deeply regretted any misunderstanding” the move had caused.

This is not the first time Zara has come under fire in Hong Kong.

Last year, it was criticised on Chinese social media for listing Taiwan – which China sees as part of its territory – as a separate country.

Hong Kong is now entering its 14th successive week of demonstrations.

The protests were sparked by changes to a law that would allow extradition to mainland China, but have since widened to include calls for an independent inquiry into police brutality and universal suffrage.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Merkel fa le bucce alla Cina in una lectio magistralis. La replica cinese.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-09.

2019-09-09__Merkel_Cina__001

Se Mr Xi fosse andato in Germania a tenere un conferenza in cui avesse asserito che l’ideologia liberal socialista fosse cosa criminale e che il sovranismo identitario fosse il meglio, verosimilmente i tedeschi lo avrebbero messo alla porta in un amen.

Frau Merkel se ne è andata in visita in Cina, ricevuta non da Mr Xi, bensì da Mr Li Keqiang, premier ma non capo dello stato: non ha saputo resistere alla tentazione di tenere ai cinesi una lezione su come dovrebbero pensare e comportarsi. I cinesi hanno ascoltato in dignitoso silenzio, senza rilasciare alla fine un commento ufficiale.

Questo è uno dei comportamenti di Frau Merkel che indispettiscono i suoi interlocutori.

Solo un giornale cinese ha sommessamente ricordato come il sistema economico tedesco sia nei triboli: ma lo ha fatto con il solito garbo orientale. Casualmente, un giornale di secondo piano ha dedicato un ampio articolo al Piano Morgenthau.  A seguito, la risposta ufficiale cinese.

* * * * * * *

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel has underlined the importance of international cooperation on both global warming and global trade in a speech to Chinese students»

«She also criticized China’s social credit system»

«German Chancellor Angela Merkel took China to task, albeit diplomatically, over its climate record on the second day of her latest visit to the world’s second-biggest economy.»

«Speaking to students at Huazhong University in the city of Wuhan, Merkel said “climate protection is everyone’s responsibility” and that given China’s size and power, the world needed an important contribution from it»

«Merkel also questioned whether China should still be considered a developing country, given the speed at which it has modernized in recent years»

«The chancellor used her speech to reiterate her commitment to multilateralism, insisting that common rules were essential in a globalized world, while “protectionism hurts us all»

«the chancellor said China’s rise to become one of the most important players in the world also meant it had greater responsibilities when it came to human rights and safeguarding the rule of law»

«I indicated during the talks that the rights and freedoms agreed upon in Hong Kong’s Basic Law should be safeguarded»

«I have advocated that conflicts be resolved without violence and that anything else would be a catastrophe from my point of view»

«I indicated during the talks that the rights and freedoms agreed upon in Hong Kong’s Basic Law should be safeguarded»

«China’s social credit information system …. Merkel told the students that in Europe the system was viewed as a bad idea because data privacy was considered a human right»

* * * * * * *

Per comparazione, riportiamo l’articolo relativo comparso su Xinhuanet.

German Chancellor Merkel visits central China’s Wuhan

«Angela Merkel Saturday visited central China’s Wuhan during her 12th trip to the country as German Chancellor since 2005.

Before Wuhan, capital city of Hubei province, Merkel had visited a number of cities besides Beijing during her China trips in the past.

When talking with students of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Merkel highlighted the importance of international cooperation in the era of globalization, and called on the students to be participants.

Saying that a nation’s prosperity is part of the prosperity of the whole world, she voiced her hope that students should shoulder common responsibilities to combat global challenges.

In the speech, Merkel reviewed her past trips to China. In Shenyang, she witnessed economic upgrading. In Chengdu she learned about development of western China. In Shenzhen she saw remarkable progress brought by the reform and opening-up.

She said quite a few noted German companies including Siemens, and small and medium-sized innovation enterprises are operating business in Wuhan. Wuhan and Duisburg became the first pair of sister cities between China and Germany in 1982.

Merkel exchanged views with students on internet, artificial intelligence, intelligent manufacturing, and environmental protection.

Before wrapping up her trip, Merkel also visited a local hospital and a factory of the German company Webasto.»

* * * * * * *

Niente da dire che i cinesi conoscano bene l’arte diplomatica.

* * * * * * *


Germany’s Angela Merkel urges China to do more for climate

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has underlined the importance of international cooperation on both global warming and global trade in a speech to Chinese students. She also criticized China’s social credit system.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel took China to task, albeit diplomatically, over its climate record on the second day of her latest visit to the world’s second-biggest economy.

Speaking to students at Huazhong University in the city of Wuhan, Merkel said “climate protection is everyone’s responsibility” and that given China’s size and power, the world needed an important contribution from it.

Merkel also questioned whether China should still be considered a developing country, given the speed at which it has modernized in recent years.

Multilateralism and human rights

The chancellor used her speech to reiterate her commitment to multilateralism, insisting that common rules were essential in a globalized world, while “protectionism hurts us all.” She added that China’s new economic power was itself an illustration of the success of the world’s multilateral trade system.

At the same time, the chancellor said China’s rise to become one of the most important players in the world also meant it had greater responsibilities when it came to human rights and safeguarding the rule of law.

That echoed comments Merkel made following her meeting with Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, when she called for a peaceful resolution to the ongoing unrest in Hong Kong. “I indicated during the talks that the rights and freedoms agreed upon in Hong Kong’s Basic Law should be safeguarded,” she said Friday. 

The chancellor took up the issue again on Saturday, saying, “I have advocated that conflicts be resolved without violence and that anything else would be a catastrophe from my point of view.”

Controversial social credit system

The chancellor’s speech in Wuhan also included some criticism of China’s social credit system, which allows the state to evaluate economic and social creditworthiness of both individuals and businesses using personal online data.

China’s social credit information system authority said that some 20 million of the country’s 1.3 billion people had been banned from air and train travel in 2018 because their credit scores were too low.

Merkel told the students that in Europe the system was viewed as a bad idea because data privacy was considered a human right.

The EU Chamber of Commerce in China warned European companies in late August that they would need to ramp up preparations for the social credit system.

But Merkel’s trips to China always include a large business contingent, because of the country’s huge importance as a market for German businesses.

Pubblicato in: Cina

Hong Kong. Arrestati Mr Joshua Wong ed altri due attivisti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-01.

2019-08-30__ Hong Kong 001

Ansa. 2019-08-30. Hong Kong: arrestato attivista Wong

Joshua Wong, tra gli attivisti pro-democrazia più noti di Hong Kong, è stato arrestato questa mattina intorno alle 7:30 mentre era diretto verso la metropolitana. E’ quanto denuncia in una nota Demosisto, il partito di cui è stato co-fondatore. Wong è stato stato tra i leader del ‘movimento degli ombrelli’, la grande mobilitazione di massa pro-democrazia che per 79 giorni nel 2014 bloccò il centro dell’ex colonia.

*


Bbc. 2019-08-30. Hong Kong activists arrested: Joshua Wong and others detained in crackdown

Three prominent pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have been arrested in less than 24 hours, in an apparent police crackdown.

Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow of political party Demosisto were detained on Friday over a 21 June rally where protesters blockaded police HQ for 15 hours.

Independence campaigner Andy Chan was arrested at the airport on Thursday while trying to fly to Japan.

They are among 900 people arrested since protests began in June.

What led to a single gunshot being fired?

Joshua Wong, the poster boy for Hong Kong protests

Why were they arrested?

The Demosisto party said Mr Wong, 23, was “suddenly pushed into a private car on the street” while walking to a train station at around 07:30 local time (23:30 GMT Thursday).

Both he and Ms Chow have been taken to police headquarters in Wan Chai.

Both activists were detained on suspicion of “inciting others to participate in an unauthorised assembly” and “knowingly taking part in an unauthorised assembly”.

They are accused of joining illegal protests and encouraging others to do so.

Mr Wong faces a further charge of “organising an unauthorised assembly”.

Andy Chan, founder of the Hong Kong National Party which campaigns for the territory’s independence, said he was detained on Thursday night while trying to board a flight from Hong Kong airport.

He was arrested on suspicion of rioting and assaulting a police officer, according to local outlet HKFP.

Who is Joshua Wong?

Joshua Wong is a well-known pro-democracy activist who played a leading role in the 2014 rallies known as Hong Kong’s “Umbrella protests” – so-called because protesters used umbrellas to shield themselves from police pepper spray.

Is this proof Hong Kong’s ‘Umbrella Protests’ failed?

Thousands joined marches demanding the right for Hong Kong to choose its own leader – and student leader Mr Wong became the movement’s poster boy.

His latest arrest comes just weeks after he was released from prison on 17 June.

The recent protests have been characterised as leaderless – and activist Nathan Law, who co-founded Mr Wong’s party Demosisto, said nobody was inciting protesters.

“There is no leader or platform in this movement,” he said in a statement. “If someone is inciting citizens to go to the streets, it must be the harsh political violence of [Hong Kong’s leader] Carrie Lam.

“Demosisto has never been ‘leaders’ of the movement. Every Hong Kong citizen who has come out has done so according to his own conscience. No matter how the Chinese Communist Party attempts to smear this, nothing can change that fact.

“We appeal to the public not to be afraid of political violence and white terror and continue to fight for their rights. Hong Kong people, go!”

Are further protests planned?

A protest organised by the Civil Human Rights Front – which has assembled several mass rallies – had been planned for this Saturday but has now been cancelled.

Police had declined permission for the rally, citing public safety concerns. It would have marked the 13th consecutive weekend of protests had it gone ahead.

Bonnie Leung, vice-convener of the CHRF, said the decision followed Mr Wong and Ms Chow’s arrests.

“I think the police are using all kinds of excuses to arrest all kinds of people, including us,” she told the Guardian.

“They arrested Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow this morning so there is a real danger we could face the same consequences as well.”

The convenor of the CHRF, Jimmy Sham, said he had been attacked on Thursday by two masked men who were wielding a baseball bat.

He said he had not been hurt in the encounter, though a friend who shielded him from the attack suffered injuries.

Why are people in Hong Kong protesting?

The protests began as rallies against a controversial extradition bill – now suspended – which would have allowed criminal suspects to be sent to mainland China for trial.

They have since expanded in scope, becoming a broader pro-democracy movement.

Beijing has repeatedly condemned the protesters and described their actions as “close to terrorism”.

The protests have frequently escalated into violence between police and activists, with injuries on both sides.

Activists are increasingly concerned that China could use military force to intervene.

On Thursday, Beijing moved a new batch of troops into Hong Kong. Chinese state media described it as a routine annual rotation.

But on Friday, an editorial in the China Daily newspaper emphasised that the presence of Chinese troops is not symbolic, and they will have “no reason to sit on their hands” if the situation deteriorates.

* * * * * * *

«Joshua Wong and Agnes Chow of political party Demosisto were detained on Friday over a 21 June rally where protesters blockaded police HQ for 15 hours.

Independence campaigner Andy Chan was arrested at the airport on Thursday while trying to fly to Japan.

They are among 900 people arrested since protests began in June»

* * *

Chiariamo immediatamente come Hong Kong si distingua dal resto della Cina, tranne numerose altre eccezioni, sia per il godere di uno Status suo proprio, sia per avere un governo locale elettivo. Governo locale non significa sovrano.

«The Legislative Council has 70 members, each serving a four-year term. 35 are directly elected from geographical constituencies and 35 represent functional constituencies (FC). Thirty FC councilors are selected from limited electorates representing sectors of the economy or special-interest groups, and the remaining five members are nominated from sitting District Council members and selected in region-wide double direct elections. All popularly elected members are chosen with proportional representation. The 30 limited electorate functional constituencies fill their seats using first-past-the-post, or instant-runoff, voting.»

Hong Long ha quindi un suo sistema elettorale, di derivazione sassone, adattato alle costumanze locali. Pur con le sue peculiari caratteristiche, Hong Kong non ha nulla da invidiare alle così dette ‘democrazie’ occidentali. Hong Kong fa però parte integrante della Cina: ha una gestione ampiamente autonoma, ma ciò non significa essere indipendente dalla madrepatria.

Caratteristica peculiare di Hong Kong è che a fronte di un aspettativa di vita di 84.23  anni, il tasso di fertilità femminile vale 1.20: in una ventina di anni la popolazione giovanile è destinata a dimezzarsi, con tutte le conseguenze del caso.

Here’s why Hong Kong’s low fertility rate poses a threat to its very future

«Reproduction levels are below the level at which a population can replace itself, while fewer young people will eventually hurt city’s economic development. ….

The fertility rate in Hong Kong is one of the lowest in the world ….

The Labour and Welfare Bureau said it was aware that a population structure of more elderly people and declining younger people “may impact on Hong Kong’s socio-economic development” ….

 a shrinking workforce could mean fewer taxpayers and less support for public finances»

* * *

Questi problemi sono ben noti alla dirigenza centrale cinese: dal loro punto di vista sarebbe sufficiente attendere per vedere il problema di Hong Kong ridimensionarsi a tempi brevi. Presto o tardi, sarà infatti colonizzata da cinesi continentali.

I vari movimenti che si auto denominano ‘pro-democrazia’ nei fatti mirerebbero ad ottenere dalla Cina una vera e propria indipendenza: a fare cioè un secessione. Cosa questa intollerabile dal punto di vista cinese.

Ma ancor meno tollerabile dal punto di vista cinese sono i contatti di questi movimenti con potenze estere, che li finanziano abbondantemente.

* * *

Domandiamoci allora chi sia Mr Joshua Wong.

«Joshua Wong Chi-fung is a Hong Kong student activist and politician who serves as secretary-general of pro-democracy party Demosistō. Wong was previously convenor and founder of the Hong Kong student activist group Scholarism. Wong first rose to international prominence during the 2014 Hong Kong protests, and his pivotal role in the Umbrella Movement resulted in his inclusion in TIME magazine’s Most Influential Teens of 2014 and nomination for its 2014 Person of the Year; he was further called one of the “world’s greatest leaders” by Fortune magazine in 2015, and nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017.

In August 2017, Wong and two other pro-democracy activists were convicted and jailed for their roles in the occupation of Civic Square at the incipient stage of the 2014 Occupy Central protests; in January 2018, Wong was convicted and jailed again for failing to comply with a court order for clearance of the Mong Kok protest site during the Mong Kong protests in 2014.  ….

Joshua Wong was born in Hong Kong on 13 October 1996, and was diagnosed with dyslexia in early childhood. The son of middle-class couple Grace and Roger Wong, Wong was raised as a Protestant Christian in the Lutheran tradition. His social awareness stems from his father, a retired IT professional, who often took him as a child to visit the underprivileged.

Wong studied at the United Christian College (Kowloon East), a private Christian middle school in Kowloon, and developed organisational and speaking skills through involvement in church groups ….

On 1 February 2018, a bipartisan group of US lawmakers, led by Congressional-Executive Commission on China (CECC) Chair US Senator Marco Rubio and co-chair US Representative Chris Smith announced they had nominated Wong, Nathan Law, Alex Chow and the entire Umbrella Movement for the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize, for “their peaceful efforts to bring political reform and protect the autonomy and freedoms guaranteed Hong Kong in the Sino-British Joint Declaration”»

* * *

Mr Joshua Wong Chi-fung è figlio di Grace and Roger Wong. Come attestano i nomi di origine occidentale, pur essendo di nazionalità cinese la matrice culturale non è sinica.

Infatti Mr Joshua Wong è di religione luterana ed ha studiato in scuole protestanti.

L’entità dei suoi rapporti esteri è attestata dall’essere stato nominato “TIME magazine’s Most Influential Teens of 2014” e dalla nomination a Premio Nobel per la Pace. I cinesi avrebbero gradito molto che il senatore Marco Rubio si fosse fatto gli affari suoi.

Ad oggi Mr Joshua Wong è stato nuovamente arrestato. La sua posizione è aggravata dal fatto di essere un recidivo.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Ideologia liberal

Cina. Hong Kong. La pazienza ha un limite.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-08-07.

Hong Kong 001

Gli stati sono aggettivati ‘sovrani’ perché hanno diritto e capacità a legiferare secondo tradizione e convenienza.

Se giustamente gli stati sono gelosi della propria autonomia e sovranità, è prassi disdicevole che uno stato straniero si impicci nei problemi interni di un altro.

Questo è il classico vizietto dei liberal socialisti, specie quelli europei.

Dal loro punto di vista vorrebbero imporre a tutti il loro credo ideologico che, sotto il nome di diritti umani, contrabbanda i diritti che secondo loro gli altri dovrebbero seguire. Sono davvero dei presuntuosi superbi.

Ad Hong Kong hanno fomentato ogni possibile tipologia di torbidi, ivi compresi dei gay pride ove a sfilare erano in gran parte occidentali in trasferta.

Hong Kong. Guarda guarda chi si rivede

Le fotografie sono inequivocabili.

Hong Kong 002

* * * * * * *

Nessuno stato nazionale può tollerare separazioni e/o scissioni. Negli Stati Uniti il tentativo dette la stura alla Guerra Civile, di questi tempi la Spagna ha usato l’esercito per il problema indipendentista della Catalogna. Ma peri liberal ciò che negli Stati Uniti ed in Spagna era giusto e santo, sarebbe iniquo in Cina.

«China warns Hong Kong protesters not to ‘play with fire’»

«He accused Western “anti-China forces” and “meddling hands behind the scene” of instigating unrest»

«he cited US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi who called the protests “a beautiful sight to behold”»

«the UK’s then-foreign secretary Jeremy Hunt who urged an investigation into the use of force by Hong Kong police»

*

Cinesi, gente pratica. Risolto il problema dell’integralismo islamico.

«Chinese authorities in the far-northwestern region of Xinjiang on Wednesday revised legislation to permit the use of “education and training centers” to combat religious extremism.»

«In practice, the centers are internment camps in which as many as 1 million minority Muslims have been placed in the past 12 months»

«The amended legislation states that Chinese regional governments “can set up vocational education and training centers … to educate and transform those who have been influenced by extremism.”»

«besides teaching the Mandarin language and providing vocational skills, the centers are now directed to provide “ideological education, psychological rehabilitation and behavior correction” under the new clause»

*

Nel laogai c’è posto anche per i ribelli di Hong Kong,


China warns Hong Kong protesters not to ‘play with fire’

China has issued a strong warning to Hong Kong’s protesters, saying their attempts “to play with fire will only backfire”.

A spokesman for China’s top policy office on Hong Kong told protesters not to “underestimate the firm resolve [of] the central government”.

Hong Kong has seen nine consecutive weeks of anti-government protests.

On Monday, a call for a general strike caused severe disruption, and more than 200 flights were cancelled.

Protesters want an independent inquiry into alleged police brutality, the complete withdrawal of a controversial extradition bill, and the resignation of Hong Kong’s leader Carrie Lam.

The demonstrations have frequently ended in violent clashes with police. They are seen as a challenge to Beijing’s authority in the territory – and a reflection of how many Hong Kongers fear that their freedoms are being eroded.

The former British colony is part of China but enjoys unique freedoms not seen on the mainland.

What did China say, and why is it significant?

The “radical demonstrations” have pushed Hong Kong “to the verge of a very dangerous situation”, said Yang Guang, a spokesman for the Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office (HKMAO).

He warned the protesters not to “mistake restraint for weakness”.

Attempts to force Ms Lam to resign “will lead nowhere”, he said, adding that the protests had had a “serious impact” on Hong Kong’s economy.

It is one of the strongest warnings Beijing has issued over the protests so far. The HKMAO rarely holds news conferences on Hong Kong – but this is its second briefing in two weeks.

Mr Yang said that “radical and violent” forces were at the forefront of the protests, while “some misled but well intentioned” citizens were caught in the middle.

He accused Western “anti-China forces” and “meddling hands behind the scene” of instigating unrest.

As examples, he cited US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi who called the protests “a beautiful sight to behold”, and the UK’s then-foreign secretary Jeremy Hunt who urged an investigation into the use of force by Hong Kong police.

However, a pro-democracy politician, Lam Cheuk-ting, told the BBC there were no “external forces” behind the protests.

“It is not a movement organised by any overseas government but the Hong Kong people voluntarily,” he said.

Observers say the protests have largely appeared leaderless and unpredictable, involving “flash mob” style civil disobedience and voting through social media apps.

Could the military get involved?

While China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has troops stationed in Hong Kong, they are not expected to interfere in local issues – although the law does permit Hong Kong’s government to request their assistance for maintaining public order, or disaster relief.

During the news conference, Mr Yang was asked whether the Chinese military could get involved – but said Beijing was confident that Hong Kong police could restore order.

Last week, China’s army in Hong Kong prompted unease by posting a video of soldiers conducting anti-riot drills on the Chinese social media network Weibo.

What are the protests about?

The rallies began with fears over a proposed bill that would allow suspected criminals to be sent to mainland China to face trial.

Critics said it would undermine Hong Kong’s judicial independence and could be used to target those who spoke out against the Chinese government.

The row intensified as police were accused of using excessive force on protesters.

Though the bill has now been suspended, demonstrators want it fully withdrawn – and have also been expressing their anger at the police, and demanding an amnesty for protesters accused of rioting.

The protesters have become more confrontational in recent weeks, with demonstrators arguing that the government has not responded to peaceful rallies.

A city-wide strike on Monday crippled transport services and brought the city to a standstill.

About 250 flights were cancelled as airport and airline staff joined the strike.

Protests later took place in several districts, with police firing tear gas at demonstrators who rallied into the night, setting fires and besieging police stations.

In one district with a reputation for pro-Beijing sympathies, men wielding long poles clashed with demonstrators before falling back.

Police said 148 people, aged between 13 and 63, were arrested during Monday’s protests.

On Monday, Ms Lam gave her first media address in two weeks, warned that Hong Kong was “on the verge of a very dangerous situation”.

She also accused activists of using the extradition bill as a cover for their real goal, which was to “destroy Hong Kong”.

*


China warns Hong Kong protesters of severe repercussions

Demonstrators in Hong Kong should not underestimate China’s “immense strength,” a government official has warned. Unrest has reached new levels in recent days and punishment is “only a matter of time.”

*

China issued a stark warning to the “behind-the-scenes masterminds” on Tuesday over continued demonstrations in Hong Kong, saying that “those who play with fire will perish by it.”

At a press briefing in Beijing, Yang Guang, spokesman for the Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office of the State Council, said that central government has “immense strength” and that punishment for those behind the demonstrations is “only a matter of time.”

Yang added that the “radical protests… have severely impacted Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability, pushing it into a dangerous abyss.”

He also had a firm warning for the “criminals” behind the protests: “Don’t ever misjudge the situation and mistake our restraint for weakness.”

People power

Earlier on Tuesday, a group of activists wearing masks and hard hats held a press conference in the Mong Kok neighborhood of the city. They urged the city’s leader Carrie Lam to “return power to the people and to address the demands of Hong Kong citizens.”

The three activists, who declined to give their real names, said the group “was not affiliated with any political party or organization leading the movement.”

One of them added: “We strongly condemn the police for the series of violent acts and urge them and the government not to be enemies against the public.”

Escalating unrest

The protesters are seeking the resignation of Carrie Lam. In addition, they are angry at proposals which would allow case-by-case extraditions of alleged criminals to mainland China. The Chinese government recently shelved the plans in the wake of the demonstrations.

However, unrest has continued, if anything with more fervor than before, as protesters call for expanded democratic rights and further autonomy.

Police said Monday’s figures reached a new high with the largest daily toll of arrests since the protests began.

“During the operation yesterday, the police arrested 148 people consisting of 95 males and 53 females, aged between 13 and 63 years old,” superintendent John Tse said.

Lam warned the region was nearing a “very dangerous situation,” as she said the protests challenge China’s sovereignty.

“I dare say they are trying to destroy Hong Kong,” said Lam.

Erosion of rights

The crisis has become the biggest threat to China’s control of the region since its handover from the British in 1997.

Under the terms of the deal with Britain, Hong Kong has rights that are different to those on mainland China, such as an independent judiciary and freedom of speech.

But many say those rights are being stymied. 

Protesters point towards the extradition to the mainland of dissident booksellers, the disqualification of prominent politicians and the jailing of pro-democracy leaders.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Cina ed Hong Kong. Fomentare il chaos sembrerebbe essere cattiva idea.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-06-17.

Cina

«Hong Kong divenne una colonia dell’Impero britannico dopo la prima guerra dell’Oppio (1839-1842). Originariamente limitati alla sola Isola di Hong Kong, i confini della colonia furono estesi, nel 1860, a includere la penisola di Kowloon e poi con nuovi territori nel 1898. La regione fu poi brevemente occupata dal Giappone durante la guerra del Pacifico, per poi tornare sotto il controllo britannico, terminato nel 1997 quando la Cina ne ha ripreso la supervisione. La storia di Hong Kong ha profondamente influenzato la sua cultura, che spesso viene descritta come “l’Oriente che incontra l’Occidente”, e il sistema educativo che ha perseguito il sistema inglese fino alle riforme attuate nel 2009. ….

In base al principio “una Cina due sistemi”, Hong Kong possiede un sistema politico diverso dalla Cina continentale. funzionamento dell’indipendente magistratura del paese funziona secondo il modello di ordinamento giuridico del Common law. La Hong Kong Basic Law, il suo documento costitutivo, stabilisce che la regione goda di un alto grado di autonomia in tutti gli aspetti, tranne che nelle relazioni estere e nella difesa militare» [Fonte]

* * *

Hong Kong è cinese per popolazione e territorialità: ha ovviamente una sua storia.

La Cina non aveva e non ha mai potuto sopportare il fatto della presenza inglese ad Hong Kong, sorta di enclave che si reggeva con leggi e costumanze aliene alla mentalità cinese. Ma i cinesi sono persone pragmatiche e pazienti.

Allo scadere del mandato inglese, nel 1997, la Cina aveva un pil di 985.338  miliardi Usd, essendo il pil procapite di 781 Usd l’anno. A quell’epoca non poteva agire in modo diverso dall’annettersi Hong Kong avocando a sé esteri e difesa, concedendo larghe autonomie, non da ultime quelle giudiziarie.

Ma ad oggi, con un pil di 13,407 miliardi Usd e delle forze armate in grado di gestire eventuali problemi locoregionali, la situazione è mutata. Se sicuramente Hong Kong costituisca una situazione economicamente vantaggiosa, la sua importanza nel contesto dell’intero tessuto nazionale si è grandemente ridotta.

Contemporaneamente, l’anomalia politica della sua speciale gestione semi autonoma sta diventando sempre meno tollerabile. È nella logica delle cose che alla fine Hong Kong rientri pienamente nel sistema politico della Cina.

*

Talune componenti politiche dell’occidente usano la situazione di Hong Kong per cercare di ostacolare questo ritorno. Fomentano malcontento locale e dimostrazione di piazza tramite una fitta rete di ngo, completamente finanziate dall’estero, talora anche da governi occidentali.

È una situazione più folkloristica che di reale impatto, ma è quanto basta perché i media occidentali, per lo più a matrice culturale liberal, ne siano cassa di risonanza. Ma questa risonanza si ode soltanto in occidente, mentre in Cina è vissuta in termine diametralmente opposti. I cinesi la percepiscono, ed anche volentieri, come una minaccia alla propria sovranità.

La loro risposta è come al solito lenta ma ferma.

Si pensi solo all’impatto se, cosa legalmente possibile, la Cina richiamasse alla leva le classi tra i diciotto ed i ventiquattro anni. Potrebbe richiamare tutti coloro che hanno partecipato ai cortei e metterli in caserme in Manciuria o nel Deserto dei Gobi.

*

Il Governo cinese ha già preso una ferma posizione.

«Vice-Foreign Minister Le Yucheng urgently summoned a senior official from the embassy of the United States in China on Friday, urging Washington to stop interfering with the affairs of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in any form»

«In his meeting with the embassy’s Deputy Chief of Mission Robert W. Forden, Le protested against US officials’ recent irresponsible remarks and acts about the amendment of extradition laws by the Hong Kong SAR government, according to a statement on the ministry’s website»

«Noting that Hong Kong belongs to China, Le said, Hong Kong affairs are purely China’s internal affairs and no external forces are allowed to interfere with them»

«Beijing will take further measures in line with the US moves»

«Creating chaos in Hong Kong will do the US no good at all»

*

China foreign ministry says Hong Kong affairs an internal matter

«China’s foreign ministry said on Saturday Hong Kong matters were a Chinese internal affair and no country, organization or individual has a right to interfere.

The comments come after Hong Kong’s leader, under pressure from public protests, announced the suspension of a proposed bill that would have allowed extradition of criminal suspects to mainland China.

Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said the ministry had taken note of Lam’s announcement. He said China’s determination to safeguard the country’s sovereignty and security, and Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability, was unshakable.»

*

I cinesi sono gente paziente, ma si sia sicuri che l’odierna vittoria delle ingerenze occidentali in Cina saranno pagate a prezzo ben caro.

Cinesi, gente pratica. Risolto il problema dell’integralismo islamico.

«Chinese authorities in the far-northwestern region of Xinjiang on Wednesday revised legislation to permit the use of “education and training centers” to combat religious extremism.»

«In practice, the centers are internment camps in which as many as 1 million minority Muslims have been placed in the past 12 months»

Stiamo pur certi che c’è posto anche per un bel po’ di gente di Hong Kong.

«The government is seeking to allow extraditions to mainland China, saying it makes sure Hong Kong remains a “safe city for residents and business”.»

«The changes will allow for extradition requests from authorities in mainland China, Taiwan and Macau for suspects accused of criminal wrongdoings, such as murder and rape»

* * * * * * *

Gli occidentali hanno una gran bella presunzione nel voler dettare alla Cina come debba comportarsi all’interno dei propri confini. Cosa mai sarebbe successo se la Cina avesse preso posizione sulla Brexit oppure sulla Catalogna?

L’esperienza insegna come i cinesi abbiano ottima memoria.


China Org. 2019-06-15. US told to stop interfering in HK

Vice-Foreign Minister Le Yucheng urgently summoned a senior official from the embassy of the United States in China on Friday, urging Washington to stop interfering with the affairs of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in any form.

In his meeting with the embassy’s Deputy Chief of Mission Robert W. Forden, Le protested against US officials’ recent irresponsible remarks and acts about the amendment of extradition laws by the Hong Kong SAR government, according to a statement on the ministry’s website.

Noting that Hong Kong belongs to China, Le said, Hong Kong affairs are purely China’s internal affairs and no external forces are allowed to interfere with them.

He urged the US side to view the amendment in an objective and fair manner, respect the SAR government’s legislation process and avoid doing anything that harms the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong.

Beijing will take further measures in line with the US moves, Le said.

Also on Friday, ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said at a regular news conference that China is strongly dissatisfied and firmly opposed to the US lawmakers’ reintroduction of the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, urging them to give up “vain attempts” to create chaos in Hong Kong.

The act would “require the Secretary of State to issue an annual certification of Hong Kong’s autonomy to justify special treatment afforded to Hong Kong by the US Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992”, the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations said in a news release.

Since Hong Kong’s return, the policies of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong” and a high degree of autonomy have been effectively implemented, and Hong Kong residents have enjoyed rights and freedoms that are fully guaranteed according to law, Geng said.

“This is an objective fact that anyone without prejudice will acknowledge,” he said.

Hong Kong’s prosperity and stability is in line with the interests of the US, one of Hong Kong’s major trade partners, Geng pointed out.

“Creating chaos in Hong Kong will do the US no good at all,” the spokesman said.

Geng urged relevant people on the US side to respect basic facts, give up their “arrogance and bias” as well as their attempts to intervene in Hong Kong, and do more to help China-US mutual trust and cooperation.

Calling Western criticism of Hong Kong’s extradition law amendments irresponsible, Geng said China is determined to safeguard its national sovereignty, security and development interests, and it doesn’t fear any threats or intimidation.

Any attempt to bring disorder to the special administrative region will face objection from all Chinese people, including Hong Kong residents, and fail, he said.

*


Bbc. 2019-06-15. Hong Kong extradition row: Will it damage its star status?

Changes to Hong Kong’s extradition law could hurt the autonomy that has made it one of Asia’s main financial hubs.

The government is seeking to allow extraditions to mainland China, saying it makes sure Hong Kong remains a “safe city for residents and business”.

The proposed changes led to widespread protests in Hong Kong this week and sparked some of the worst violence seen there in decades.

Many worry that Hong Kong’s status as a global financial centre is at risk.

“The passage of the proposed legislation would undermine Hong Kong’s status both as a hub for multinational firm operations and as a global financial centre,” said Nicholas Lardy, a senior fellow at the Washington-based think tank Peterson Institute for International Economics.

So what are the proposed changes?

The changes will allow for extradition requests from authorities in mainland China, Taiwan and Macau for suspects accused of criminal wrongdoings, such as murder and rape.

Officials have said Hong Kong courts will have the final say whether to grant such extradition requests, and suspects accused of political and religious crimes will not be extradited.

Several commercial offences such as tax evasion have been removed from the list of extraditable offences.

But Hong-Kong based lawyer Antony Dapiran said this does not mean business people are “off the hook”.

“Even though there is some reassurance in the business community that those white collar crimes have been excluded… that doesn’t necessarily mean that people are therefore free of risk,” Mr Dapiran said.

“There are many other ways that someone can be extradited under the current bill for offences other than the offence that they are actually wanted (for).”

What has the business reaction been so far?

Companies have proved reluctant to openly speak about the extradition bill for fear that their businesses in mainland China could suffer consequences.

Pushing the bill through would risk “shooting Hong Kong in the foot,” Tara Joseph, president of The American Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong, said in a recent newspaper interview.

Both the British Chamber of Commerce and the Australian Chamber of Commerce in Hong Kong, refused to comment when contacted by the BBC.

Andrew Coflan, analyst at New York-based political risk consultancy Eurasia Group, said that the foreign business community was worried.

“Hong Kong has served as a gateway to Asia for flows of goods and capital,” said Mr Coflan.

“But the passage of the extradition bill would turn it from a special legal entity into just another Chinese city, from a corporate risk perspective. The key risk is one of diverted or withdrawn investment.”

What happens to its special status?

The US, which is embroiled in a trade and technology dispute with China, has been vocal about its concerns surrounding the Hong Kong extradition bill.

The US expressed “grave concern” about the Hong Kong government’s proposed amendments which “could damage Hong Kong’s business environment” and subject American citizens there “to China’s capricious judicial system,” Morgan Ortagus, spokesman at the US State Department said during a recent news briefing.

“The continued erosion of the ‘One Country, Two Systems’ framework puts at risk Hong Kong’s long-established special status in international affairs,” he said.

In 1984, Britain and China signed an agreement where Hong Kong would enjoy “a high degree of autonomy” when it returned to China in 1997 under the principle of “one country, two systems.”

As a result, Hong Kong has its own legal system and borders, and rights including freedom of assembly and free speech are protected.

In the US, Hong Kong’s special status is recognized under the US Hong Kong Policy Act but this now appears to be under scrutiny.

US lawmakers have introduced a bill to amend the Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992. The amendment requires the US Secretary of State to “issue an annual certification of Hong Kong’s autonomy to justify special treatment” by the US.

“The bigger issue is probably that the global perception of Hong Kong as a separate part of China is under threat. And that includes official recognition of Hong Kong as a separate customs, immigration, tax and legal jurisdiction,” said David Webb, editor of Webb-site.com and long-time resident of Hong Kong.

“If Hong Kong loses its separate status then, for example, all of the duties that America has applied to Chinese exports would apply to Hong Kong exports. And any prohibitions on transfers of high grade technology to China would apply to Hong Kong as well.”

Any impact on Hong Kong’s economy?

Hong Kong saw its worst violence in decades this week, with some government offices and banks closing due to the disruption.

Standard Chartered said on Friday the branches which were closed earlier in the week would resume operations.

But Capital Economics, pointing to the fallout of the 2014 Occupy Hong Kong protests, expects the economic impact to be limited.

“The 2014 Occupy Hong Kong protests provide a useful benchmark. They brought gridlock to large parts of Hong Kong Island for over 70 days, but there was no noticeable effect on either retail sales or tourism arrivals,” it said in a research note.

“So even if the current protests last for several weeks, the impact on the economy is likely to be minimal. We are not changing our GDP growth forecasts for this year.”

However, analysts say other places in Asia like Singapore stand to benefit if the proposed changes go through, undermining Hong Kong’s status as a global financial hub.

“The main beneficiary of this development is likely to be Singapore, which has a strong legal framework and no extradition agreement with China,” said Mr Lardy from the Peterson Institute.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Governo Cinese risponde per le rime ad Europarlamento e Consiglio Europeo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-14.

Cina

La prima domanda che verrebbe da farsi dopo aver letto il documento rilasciato dall’attuale europarlamento uscente è chi mai si credano di essere questi europarlamentari da arrogarsi il diritto di salire in cattedra e voler fare la morale alla Cina. Quella Cina dalla quale vanno a pietire con il cappellino in mano qualche contratto.

Cosa mai sarebbe successo se la Cina avesse rilasciato un documento ufficiale in cui si fosse inneggiato alla separazione catalana, avesse supportato i Gilets Jaunes, ed avesse asserito che Mr Orban aveva tutti i santi diritti di opporsi alla Unione Europea?

Qui, a nostro sommesso parere, non è tanto problema di corretti rapporti diplomatici, quanto piuttosto di sano buon senso e di corretta percezione di cosa si sia nella realtà dei fatti. Oppure, a dirla tutta, di sanità mentale.

Troviamo la stizzita reazione cinese financo troppo moderata.

Consoliamoci che il 26 maggio questo europarlamento esce di carica.

Peggio di così sarà sempre difficilmente possibile.

*

Europarlamento e Consiglio Europeo hanno pubblicato in modo congiunto il seguente documento:


Eeas. 2019-05-14. Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: Annual Report 2018 – Joint Report to the European Parliament and the Council

Since Hong Kong’s handover to the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1997, the European Union (EU) and its Member States have closely followed political and economic developments in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) under the ‘one country, two systems’ principle. In line with the commitment given to the European Parliament in 1997, an annual report is issued on developments in Hong Kong. This is the 21st report, covering developments in 2018. The EU adheres to its ‘one China’ policy and supports the ‘one country, two systems’ principle and its implementation.

*

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region: Annual Report 2018 [pdf]

* * * * * * *

«2018 was yet another challenging year for Hong Kong. Political developments prompted the Spokesperson of the High Representative Vice-President (HRVP) to issue statements on three separate occasions: regarding restrictions of the right to stand for election, the banning of a political party, and a politically motivated refusal to renew the work visa of a foreign journalist.

Most aspects of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle continue to work well. However, concerns about the erosion of this principle, which is the cornerstone of Hong Kong’s economic success, have increased over the past year. There is a clear negative trend with respect to the erosion of civil and political rights. This trend gives rise to legitimate concerns about whether Hong Kong’s high degree of autonomy and its attractiveness as an international business centre will continue to be upheld in the long term. The business community has been following these developments and in 2018 several chambers of commerce made public statements to express their concerns.

Freedom of speech and freedom of information are generally respected in Hong Kong. However, the freedom of expression is facing unprecedented challenges, particularly with regard to sensitive political topics.

The unusually high number of questions and recommendations addressed to Hong Kong during the United Nations’ universal periodic review (UPR) of China carried out in November 2018 also reflects the international community’s concerns regarding the deterioration of civil and political rights in Hong Kong in recent years. Improving the protection of other human rights, such as the rights of migrant workers, children, and LGBTI people, was also the subject of recommendations for further action under the UPR. …..

The space for political opposition in Hong Kong is narrowing. Several opposition candidates, including Agnes Chow and former lawmaker Lau Siu-Lai, were barred from running in the Legislative Council (LegCo) by-election because of their political affiliation or views. These decisions were taken by the returning officer appointed by the Electoral Affairs Commission, and were subsequently defended by the government. The legal community in Hong Kong challenged their legality and constitutionality. In December, current LegCo member Eddie Chu was barred from running in a rural representative election due to his political stance. …..

In the last couple of years, Hong Kong has seen the emergence of a localist movement calling for self-determination or even independence. Although pro-independence voices have very limited support in society and no international backing, they raise questions about the border between legitimate freedom of expression and seditious incitement. These are yet to be legally clarified. In the last year, the Hong Kong SAR government, encouraged by the central government, adopted a new zero-tolerance policy towards any mention of ‘self-determination or ‘independence’, on grounds of national security and contravention of the Basic Law. ….

On 5 October, the government refused to renew the work visa for Victor Mallet, Financial Times Asia Editor and Vice-President of the Foreign Correspondent Club. Mallet had chaired a talk by pro-independence activist Chan Ho-tin of the above-mentioned HKNP in August when the party was not yet banned. In the absence of a credible alternative explanation, the decision appears politically motivated. Such pressure on journalists is unprecedented in Hong Kong and causes serious concerns about the exercise of freedom of the press. There are growing concerns that journalists are practising self-censorship. Hong Kong prides itself on being an open international city where freedom of expression is not put in doubt and freedom of the press and information is fully respected. Restriction of the work of journalists, including that of foreign journalists, would gravely damage Hong Kong’s reputation and its credentials as a financial and business hub. ….

For LGBTI rights, Hong Kong does not have a comprehensive anti-discrimination law that would cover discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity. However, three landmark cases in favour of LGBTI equality in 2018 may well lay the ground for such legislation. On 4 July, the Court of Final Appeal ruled that immigration authorities must grant spousal visas to same-sex partners. Two other cases are still pending»

* * * * * * *

La risposta cinese è stata immediata e financo inviperita.


China.Org. 2019-05-14. China opposes EU reports on Hong Kong, Macao

«China on Thursday urged the European Union to stop interfering in Hong Kong and Macao affairs.

Foreign Ministry spokesperson Geng Shuang expressed China’s strong dissatisfaction and resolute opposition after the European Commission on Wednesday issued annual reports for 2018 on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) and the Macao SAR.

The EU reports use human rights and freedom as a cover to wilfully comment on Hong Kong and Macao affairs, and make accusations against the implementation of “one country, two systems” in disregard of facts, grossly interfering in China’s internal affairs as well as Hong Kong and Macao SAR affairs, Geng told a press briefing.

Since their return to the motherland, Hong Kong and Macao have remained prosperous and stable, and the principle of “one country, two systems” has been successfully implemented, Geng said, adding that residents in Hong Kong and Macao are enjoying unprecedented democratic rights and freedom of speech, press and assembly, which are undeniable facts.»

* * * * * * *

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Serenissimi, Catalogna e protesta degli ombrelli ad Hong Kong.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-11.

Mela con il Coltello tra i Denti.

L’8 ed il 9 maggio 1997 alcuni irredentisti occuparono il campanile di San Marco a Venezia. Arrestati, andarono a processo con la pesantissima accusa di “associazione eversiva dell’ordine costituzionale democratico” e condannati a pesanti pene detentive. Poi, dopo penosi iter giudiziari, durati oltre un decennio, la Suprema Corte di Cassazione rese ragione agli accusati.

All’epoca nessuno, o quasi nessuno, trovò qualcosa a ridire che lo stato italiano avesse difeso la propria integrità territoriale.

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Di questi tempi sta iniziando un’altra procedura giudiziaria per un caso analogo, mutatis mutandis.

Catalogna, il processo ai leader riaccende lo scontro tra Barcellona e Madrid

«Inizia a Madrid il processo ai leader indipendentisti della Catalogna accusati di ribellione contro lo Stato spagnolo per aver organizzato il referendum sulla secessione (nell’ottobre del 2017) e per essere poi arrivati alla proclamazione unilaterale della Repubblica indipendente. Sono dodici gli imputati che si presenteranno davanti al Tribunal Supremo espanol e nove di loro sono in carcere da sedici mesi in attesa del giudizio. Altri sei esponenti del fronte indipendentista verranno invece processati per disobbedienza dal Tribunal Superior de Justicia de Cataluna.»

Anche in questo caso lo stato è intervenuto dapprima con l’esercito e quindi con il potere giudiziario per reprimere un tentativo scissionistico.

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Di recente, una corte di giustizia cine ha sentenziato come colpevoli persone che avevano svolto manifestazioni anche violente al fine di ottenere la indipendenza di Hong Kong dalla Cina.

Una situazione del tutto simile a quella di Venezia oppure a quella di Barcellona.

Eppure i media sono insorti.

«Nine pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have been found guilty of public nuisance charges for their role in a civil disobedience movement that called for free elections in the city.»

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«Among them are three prominent activists, seen as figureheads of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement»

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«Thousands marched demanding the right for Hong Kong to choose its own leader»

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«It cannot be reasonably argued that a charge of conspiracy to cause public nuisance would generate a chilling effect in society»

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«The former British colony was handed back in 1997 on condition it would retain “a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs” for 50 years»

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I media liberal hanno il vezzo di usare parole gravide di significati. Quei protestatari sono denominati come difensori della democrazia: “pro-democracy activists“. In altri termini, definiscono antidemocratico l’attuale sistema politico che governa Hong Kong, mentre i protestatari avrebbero avuto la intenzione di ripristinare la democrazia.

Peccato però che ad Hong Kong vi sia un Consiglio Legislativo, elettivo.

«Il Consiglio legislativo della Regione Amministrativa Speciale di Hong Kong è la l’assemblea parlamentare monocamerale della Regione Amministrativa Speciale di Hong Kong della Repubblica Popolare Cinese.

L’assemblea è un corpo semi-democratico che comprende 70 membri, 35 dei quali eletti direttamente attraverso cinque circoscrizioni geografiche nell’ambito del sistema proporzionale con il metodo del maggior resto, mentre gli altri 35 sono eletti indirettamente attraverso collegi professionali sulla base di elettorati limitati.» [Fonte]

In seno a tale consesso, eletto sulla falsariga del metodo usato per eleggere il senato francese, quello olandese e quello tedesco – stati che difficilmente potrebbero essere definiti come anti-democratici – siedono al momento 22 parlamentari indipendentisti, sia pure con differenti sfumature.

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Ogni nazione si dota di un apparato politico e di un’organizzazione di governo consona con le proprie tradizioni, e l’uso del suffragio universale e del parlamentarismo non è poi così generalizzato come potrebbe a prima vista sembrare.

I sudditi di Sua Maestà Britannica votano per collegi uninominali, e nessuno si sogna di etichettare tale procedura come antidemocratica.

Similmente, il presidente degli Stati Uniti è eletto dai Delegati, non dai cittadini: non segue quindi l’attribuzione della vittoria in base ad un criterio proporzionale.

Un caso unico al mondo è infine la Svizzera, che non è dotata di un governo, bensì di un Direttorio.

«In Svizzera, il Consiglio federale è eletto dall’Assemblea federale (Parlamento), a camere riunite. L’elezione avviene generalmente ogni quattro anni nel mese di dicembre, durante la sessione che segue il rinnovo integrale del Consiglio nazionale. In caso di dimissioni di un consigliere federale può tuttavia esser necessario organizzare un’elezione in qualsiasi momento nel corso della legislatura. ….

Al momento dell’elezione, il parlamento deve garantire un’equa rappresentanza delle varie regioni del Paese e delle comunità linguistiche. Non sono previste regole precise a questo proposito» [Portale del Governo Svizzero]

È usuale che tutti i partiti maggiori abbiano un membro nel Direttorio.

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Orbene, non sembrerebbe di riscontrare nel governo di Hong Kong un alcunché di antidemocratico.

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BBC. 2019-04-09. Hong Kong ‘Umbrella’ protesters found guilty of public nuisance

Nine pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong have been found guilty of public nuisance charges for their role in a civil disobedience movement that called for free elections in the city.

Among them are three prominent activists, seen as figureheads of Hong Kong’s pro-democracy movement.

They could be jailed for up to seven years for their part in the “Umbrella Movement” protests of 2014.

Thousands marched demanding the right for Hong Kong to choose its own leader.

Those convicted include the so-called “Occupy trio” – sociology professor Chan Kin-man, 60, law professor Benny Tai, 54, and Baptist minister Chu Yiu-ming, 75.

They are seen as the founders of the movement that galvanised protesters in their campaign of civil disobedience.

“No matter what happens today… we will persist on and do not give up,” Mr Tai told reporters ahead of the verdict.

Mr Tai, Mr Chan and five others were found guilty of two charges of public nuisance, and Mr Chu and one other of just one charge.

A large crowd gathered outside the court on Thursday to support them. It is not yet clear when they will be sentenced.

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Like just another day

By Martin Yip, BBC News Chinese, Hong Kong

The nine defendants walked into the court building looking refreshed and in high spirits. All but one said a few words in what might have been their last hours of freedom before their predicted jail term.

Delivering his verdict, Justice Johnny Chan said the defendants had caused a nuisance – by occupying major roads – leading to injuries among civilians. The nine looked calm and not particularly emotional. They were later released on bail. Benny Tai, Chan Kin-man and Chu Yiu-ming smiled as they passed me, as if it was just another day.

They are yet to say if they will appeal. The court was adjourned for the day as the lawyers are yet to finish their mitigation submissions. The sentences have yet to be announced.

The broader pro-democracy camp already has bad relations with Beijing. Activists and politicians did express their anger but political analysts also warn that people might simply leave the movement out of frustration.

“Some people might feel dispirited and helpless. I hope they can see that other people haven’t given up,” Benny Tai told BBC News Chinese ahead of today’s verdict.

Seventy nine days of sit-in protests have already changed Hong Kong a lot. But today’s verdict might serve more as a reminder that this city remains divided.

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What has the reaction been?

At the trial Judge Johnny Chan rejected the idea that this would have a substantial impact on society.

“It cannot be reasonably argued that a charge of conspiracy to cause public nuisance would generate a chilling effect in society,” he wrote in his ruling.

But rights groups criticised the ruling, with Humans Rights Watch saying the court was “sending a terrible message”.

“[This] will likely embolden the government to prosecute more peaceful activists, further chilling free expression in Hong Kong,” said researcher Maya Wang in a statement to the BBC.

Lord Chris Patten, the last British governor of Hong Kong, released a statement saying that it was “appallingly divisive to use anachronistic common law charges in a vengeful pursuit of political events which took place in 2014”.

This verdict comes after a string of frustrations for pro-democracy activists. In the last few years the courts have removed six lawmakers for changing their swearing in oaths to include protest phrases. Others have also been disqualified from running for office.

What were the protests about?

The protests started in reaction to a decision made by China that it would allow direct elections in 2017, but only from a list of candidates pre-approved by Beijing.

Beijing is highly sensitive about Hong Kong’s status and any calls for more autonomy from China.

The former British colony was handed back in 1997 on condition it would retain “a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defence affairs” for 50 years.

Many people in Hong Kong believe they should have the right to elect their own leader.

Young and unhappy in Hong Kong

Beijing’s struggle to win Hong Kong’s young hearts

In 2014, the three activists’ calls for non-violent civil disobedience joined with student-led protests and snowballed into the massive demonstrations.

Tens of thousands of people camped in the streets and demanded the right to fully free leadership elections.

The protests became known as the “Umbrella Movement” after people used umbrellas to shield themselves from pepper spray fired by police to disperse the crowd.

Protesters accused the Chinese government of breaking its promise to allow full democracy in Hong Kong, and of encroaching more and more on the region.

But the number of protesters dwindled to just a few hundred as the weeks dragged on and they ultimately failed to achieve their goal.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Demografia

Cina. Controllo strategico del Mar Giallo e del Mare Cinese Orientale.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-01.

Cina Mar Giallo Mare Cinese orientale

Si deve ammettere che Deng Xiaoping quaranta anni fa aveva visto ben lontano, quando aveva detto che la Cina avrebbe solo dovuto aspettare per avere il dominio del Mar del Giappone, del Mar Giallo e del Mare Cinese Orientale.

Prima, guardiamo con molta attenzione la carta geografica.

Giappone, Korea del Sud, Taiwan ed Hong Kong costituiscono punti geografici che la Cina da sempre avrebbe voluto possedere. Taiwan poi è per la Cina una pulpite purulenta.

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Adesso, leggiamoci i dati della seguente tabella, che riporta il tasso di fertilità di questi paesi.

Giappone            1.42

Korea del Sud    1.27

Taiwan                 1.13

Hong Kong           1.2

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Basta avere pazienza ancora trenta anni, una generazione, e questi paesi sono destinati a scomparire dalla faccia della terra.

A quel tempo, la Cina se li potrà occupare tranquillamente, senza dover sparare un colpo, e soprattutto, potrà colonizzarli con una popolazione cinese, ottenendone quindi un dominio irreversibile. Al massimo, entrando in quei paesi, troverà un ammasso di vecchietti, ma i cinesi hanno per questo sistemi infallibili.

Nota.

Se è vero che molte persone in Occidente hanno scarsa dimestichezza con i problemi demografici, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare quanto invece i cinesi ne tengano conto: tanto alla fine loro ci saranno sempre come popolo, mentre gli altri saranno felicemente defunti, quindi innocui.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo

Hong Kong. Edward Leung condannato a sei anni per rivolta. – Aljazeera.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-06-16.

Homg Kong - Macau 001

Sono ben pochi gli storici ed i politologi che non riconoscano ad Abraham Lincoln ed al Governo di Washington la capacità giuridica di aver condotto la guerra di secessione tra gli Stati Uniti d’America e gli Stati Confederati. Nessuno stato sovrano può tollerare una secessione, specie poi se armata.

Ben differente la scissione del 1° gennaio 1993 della allora Cecoslovacchia in Repubblica Ceka e Slovacchia: questo scorporo fu votato regolarmente in parlamento, di comune accordo tra le parti.

Similmente, in uno stato sovrano gli Elettori, ossia la società civile, si esprime alle elezioni secondo leggi e costumanze locali: quindi la maggioranza governa e la minoranza si adegua. La minoranza ha il diritto / dovere di far sentire la sua voce e le sue motivazioni in parlamento, attraverso i media, professando le proprie convinzioni, ma rimanendo pur sempre nell’alveo della legalità.

In uno stato la società civile non ha bisogno alcuno di ricorrere alla piazza, specie poi se in forma violenta.

L’uso della violenza mette immediatamente dalla parte del torto, indipendentemente dalle ragioni addotte.

«Hong Kong’s leading independence activist was jailed for six years on Monday for rioting and assaulting police, one of the city’s harshest sentences against a democracy activist in recent years»

Questa frase è incorretta.

Non esiste, non può né deve esistere, un “democracy activist” che sia “rioting and assaulting police“.

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«About 130 people, mostly police, were injured when masked protesters tossed bricks and set rubbish cans alight to vent their anger against what they saw as mainland Chinese encroachment on the city’s autonomy and freedoms»

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Chiunque definisca “freedoms” il fare una manifestazione dove i dimostranti mascherati lanciano mattoni e feriscono qualcosa come 130 persone, per di più poliziotti, è ben fuori strada: questa non è ‘democrazia‘ bensì criminalità organizzata.

E sei anni di condanna sono pena davvero mite e lieve.


Aljazeera. 2018-06-11. Hong Kong jails top activist Edward Leung for six years

Edward Leung sentenced to six years in prison for rioting and assaulting police officer during 2016 street protests.

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Hong Kong’s leading independence activist was jailed for six years on Monday for rioting and assaulting police, one of the city’s harshest sentences against a democracy activist in recent years.

Edward Leung, one of the leaders of a movement advocating for Hong Kong‘s independence from China, had earlier been found guilty of rioting in a 2016 overnight protest that turned violent.

He had pleaded guilty to assaulting a police officer. The 27-year-old was sentenced to one year in jail on that count, with the two terms to be served concurrently.

About 130 people, mostly police, were injured when masked protesters tossed bricks and set rubbish cans alight to vent their anger against what they saw as mainland Chinese encroachment on the city’s autonomy and freedoms.

Handing down his jail term, Judge Anthea Pang said Leung actively participated in the riots and described his actions as “wanton and vicious”.

The 2016 protest began as a seemingly innocuous rally to protect illegal hawkers from health inspectors but it quickly morphed into an outpouring of anger against authorities in Hong Kong and Beijing.

At the forefront of the clashes were young “localists”, a term coined for radical groups promoting a split from mainland China which grew out of the failure of massive pro-democracy rallies in 2014 to win concessions from Beijing on political reform.

At the time, Leung was the head of localist group Hong Kong Indigenous and a rising star on the political scene as the fledgling independence movement gathered momentum, infuriating Beijing.

Pang said the protesters appeared to be “sincere, earnest but wrong-headed people” with strong convictions.

They “will stop at nothing to impose those views” on society, she said, which Hong Kong cannot tolerate as it poses “extremely great danger”.

About 130 people, mostly police, were injured when masked protesters tossed bricks and set rubbish cans alight to vent their anger against what they saw as mainland Chinese encroachment on the city’s autonomy and freedoms.

Handing down his jail term, Judge Anthea Pang said Leung actively participated in the riots and described his actions as “wanton and vicious”.

The 2016 protest began as a seemingly innocuous rally to protect illegal hawkers from health inspectors but it quickly morphed into an outpouring of anger against authorities in Hong Kong and Beijing.

At the forefront of the clashes were young “localists”, a term coined for radical groups promoting a split from mainland China which grew out of the failure of massive pro-democracy rallies in 2014 to win concessions from Beijing on political reform.

At the time, Leung was the head of localist group Hong Kong Indigenous and a rising star on the political scene as the fledgling independence movement gathered momentum, infuriating Beijing.

Pang said the protesters appeared to be “sincere, earnest but wrong-headed people” with strong convictions.

They “will stop at nothing to impose those views” on society, she said, which Hong Kong cannot tolerate as it poses “extremely great danger”.

‘Fishball Revolution’

Leung looked calm throughout the hearing and waved at supporters – some of whom reacted emotionally to the sentence – before being led away.

Two other protesters were sentenced alongside Leung to seven years and three and a half years in prison.

At least 16 people have already been jailed over the clashes, with terms of up to four years and nine months for a man convicted of rioting and arson. Unlike Leung, none were known activists.

Police fired warning shots in the air as the unrest worsened and scores of people including officers were injured, with dozens arrested.

The protests were dubbed the “Fishball Revolution” after one of the city’s best-loved street snacks.

The defence said Leung, who pleaded not guilty, had no intention to riot but wanted to “protect Hong Kong culture”.

Multiple pro-democracy activists who want a greater say in how the city is run but do not push for full independence have been prosecuted on protest-related charges over the largely peaceful 2014 Umbrella Movement.

Leung is the first leading activist advocating full independence to come to court.

He was previously barred from standing in legislative elections due to his support for independence as Hong Kong’s pro-Beijing government cracks down on any advocacy of a split.

Leung resigned as spokesman of Hong Kong Indigenous and left the group in December last year.

The government’s squeeze on independence campaigners has seen several activists barred from standing for office and others ejected from Hong Kong’s partially elected legislature.