Pubblicato in: Commercio

Italia. Marzo21. Export +28.1%, Import +35.1%, su base annua. – Istat.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-05-19.

2021-05-19__ Istat Import Export 001

Istat ha rilasciato il Report Commercio con l’Estero e prezzi all’Import.

*

Nota.

Le percentuali anno su anno sono inusitatamente elevate a seguito del forte calo dei commerci avvenuto lo scorso anno.

* * * * * * *


Marzo 2021. Commercio con l’Estero e prezzi all’Import.

– A marzo 2021 si stima una crescita congiunturale per i flussi commerciali con l’estero, più intensa per le importazioni (+6,0%) che per le esportazioni (+3,2%). L’incremento su base mensile dell’export è dovuto all’aumento delle vendite sia verso l’area Ue (+3,7%) sia verso i mercati extra Ue (+2,6%).

– Nel primo trimestre del 2021, rispetto al precedente, l’export aumenta del 2,6%, l’import del 5,0%.

– A marzo 2021, l’export sale su base annua del 28,1%; la crescita è più sostenuta verso l’area Ue (+32,6%) rispetto all’area extra Ue (+23,2%). L’import registra un aumento tendenziale più marcato (+35,1%), con incrementi di analoga entità verso entrambi i principali mercati di sbocco, Ue ed extra Ue.

– Tra i settori che contribuiscono maggiormente all’aumento tendenziale dell’export si segnalano macchinari e apparecchi n.c.a (che crescono del +32,3%), metalli di base e prodotti in metallo, esclusi macchine e impianti (+35,4%), autoveicoli (+80,1%), mezzi di trasporto, autoveicoli esclusi (+43,6%) e articoli di abbigliamento, anche in pelle e in pelliccia (+57,4%). Solo le vendite di articoli farmaceutici, chimico-medicinali e botanici (-9,3%) sono in calo.

– Su base annua, le esportazioni crescono verso tutti i principali paesi partner; i contributi maggiori riguardano le vendite verso Germania (con un aumento del 30,6%), Francia (+39,0%), Spagna (+37,4%), Svizzera (+35,7%) e Paesi Bassi (+51,6%).

– Nel primo trimestre del 2021, la crescita tendenziale dell’export (+4,6%) è dovuta in particolare all’incremento delle vendite di metalli di base e prodotti in metallo, esclusi macchine e impianti (+13,7%), macchinari e apparecchi n.c.a. (+8,5%), autoveicoli (+22,3%) e apparecchi elettrici (+14,9%).

-La stima del saldo commerciale a marzo 2021 è pari a +5.190 milioni di euro (era +5.701 a marzo 2020). Al netto dei prodotti energetici il saldo è pari a +7.984 milioni (era +7.707 a marzo dello scorso anno).

-Nel mese di marzo 2021 i prezzi all’importazione aumentano dell’1,9% su base mensile e del 4,2% su base annua.

* * * * * * *


Il commento.

A marzo prosegue la dinamica congiunturale positiva dell’export, sostenuta dal commercio estero con i paesi sia Ue sia extra Ue. Nel primo trimestre dell’anno, rispetto all’ultimo del 2020, l’aumento dell’export è trainato essenzialmente dalle vendite verso l’area Ue. Nel confronto con marzo 2020 – quando anche il commercio con l’estero iniziò a subire gli effetti dell’emergenza sanitaria – la crescita dell’export è molto marcata e diffusa a livello settoriale e verso tutti i principali paesi partner. Le vendite di macchinari e metalli forniscono il contributo più ampio (oltre 9 punti percentuali) al forte incremento tendenziale delle esportazioni. Anche la crescita su base annua dell’import, più marcata di quella dell’export, interessa in modo generalizzato tutti i settori. Per i prezzi all’import, il rialzo congiunturale è dovuto soprattutto alle dinamiche positive di energia e beni intermedi; su base annua, i prezzi tornano a crescere dopo quasi due anni di variazioni tendenziali negative.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Eurostat. Luglio. Produzione Industriale. Eurozona a 95.6.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-11.

2020-10-07__ Eurostat 001

Eurostat ha rilasciato il Report Production in industry – monthly data.

L’indice pone il dato 2015 = 100, e lo storico parte dal novembre 2019.

*

Come si constata, a novembre quasi tutte le nazioni avevano un indice superiore a 100.

La Unione Europea (EU27) era partita da 104.9, ad aprile era crollata al 76.8, per risalire al dato di luglio del 97.6.

L’eurozona era partita da 103.1, anche essa con un minimo ad aprile del 74.7, risalito poi a luglio al 95.6.

Quasi soltanto i piccoli stati a luglio si erano ripresi. Belgio 104.3, Bulgaria 100.3, Estonia 108.2, Irlanda 107.0, Grecia 106.5, Cipro 120.7, Latvia 116.2, Lituania 118.3, Malta 100.8, Austria 108.2, Romania 101.2, Slovenia 119.3, Svezia 104.6, Norvegia 101.0.

Si noti come la Turkia sia passata dal 115.8 di novembre all’attuale 118.7.

I macrodati sono decisamente peggiori per le principali nazioni.

La Germania era partita da uno scarno 99.5 per crollare al 71.5 di aprile che a luglio si assesta ad 88.07.

La Francia a novembre aveva 103.3, ad aprile 67.4 ed a luglio è risalita a 95.3.

L’Italia a novembre valeva 104.3, ad aprile 59.5 ed ora a luglio si assesta a 97.8.

*

La strada della ripresa è lunga.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea in coma. Cipro blocca nuovamente le sanzioni alla Bielorussia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-03.

Cirpo 001

EU summit agrees on sanctions against Belarus.

The Foreign Ministry also said it compiled a list of people barred from entering Belarus as part of retaliatory sanctions against the European Union.

The ministry said it was introducing “counter sanctions” as a “reciprocal” measure after the EU adopted restrictions Friday against members of Lukashenko’s regime. 

*


Belarus cancels all accreditation for foreign journalists.

Belarus has responded to new EU sanctions by canceling the accreditation of all foreign journalists and drawing up a travel blacklist forbidding entry. DW’s editor in chief called the revocations “absurd.”

Journalists will be allowed to reapply for press accreditation on Monday under a “streamlined” system, according to the ministry statement.

*


L’Unione Europea è riuscita solo ad adottare misure ad personam, non sanzioni alla nazione.

* * * * * * *


Cipro blocca nuovamente le sanzioni alla Bielorussia.

È stata davvero una gran bella pensata quella di imporre le decisioni alla unanimità nell’Unione Europea …. È oramai più di un anno che l’Unione Europea è incapace di prendere una decisione che sia una. Ed il mondo se la ride di gusto.

*

Unione Europea. Cipro blocca le sanzioni europarlamentari alla Bielorussia.

«Cyprus blocking EU sanctions on Belarus»

«Cyprus is holding hostage EU sanctions on Belarus in return for a new Turkey blacklist, EU sources said, as Greek and Turkish ministers traded harsh words in the European Parliament (EP)»

«The Cypriot president, Nicos Anastasiades, agreed, along with the 26 other EU leaders at a summit in August, to impose visa bans and asset freezes on Belarusian officials guilty of violence and election rigging»

«But in recent days, his diplomats in Brussels imposed a so-called “scrutiny reservation” on the move – a temporary veto – on grounds they needed to carry out technical checks before going ahead»

«Most member states have not been told what Anastasiades really wants»

«But some capitals have been given a new set of Turkish names he wants to add to an existing EU blacklist on Ankara over its oil and gas drilling in disputed Cypriot waters.»

*

«Cyprus demands Turkey sanctions at EU summit, stalls on Belarus»

«Cyprus defied pressure to approve European Union sanctions on Belarus at a leaders’ summit on Thursday, urging other members of the bloc to also punish Turkey for its oil and gas drilling in the Mediterranean.»

«While Britain and Canada have imposed sanctions on Minsk to show support for pro-democracy demonstrations there, the impasse in the 27-nation EU, where decisions are taken by unanimity, has cost the bloc credibility»

«A draft of the summit’s final statement said EU leaders condemned unacceptable violence against peaceful protesters in Belarus and did not recognise the election results. It added that “restrictive measures” should be imposed without delay»

«President Alexander Lukashenko has denied his re-election was rigged and called the crisis the result of Western meddling»

«Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades made no comment as he arrived on Thursday for the two-day meeting – but won public support from Austria’s leader, who chided others for not supporting Nicosia»

«Cyprus wants the EU to approve sanctions on Turkish drilling ships»

«Erdogan, meanwhile, sent a letter to all EU leaders except Greece and Cyprus, urging the bloc to treat Ankara fairly and blaming Athens and Nicosia for tensions in contested waters of the Eastern Mediterranean»

«Germany has pushed back against the imposition of EU sanctions on Turkey, fearing it will disrupt efforts to cool tensions with Greece»

«French President Emmanuel Macron said EU solidarity with Cyprus was “non-negotiable”»

«The EU sees itself as a beacon of democracy and human rights, eager to sway international events through “soft power”»

«But its rule of unanimity for foreign policy decisions and its strained relationship with Turkey have raised questions about the bloc’s ability to exert influence»

* * * * * * *


Recovery Fund. Europarlamento e Commissione litigano come lavandaie ai trogoli.

Cerchiamo di tirare le somme.

L’Unione Europea è incapace di raggiungere una comune linea politica nel suo interno.

Ciò comporta uno stallo decisionale che perdura da tempo e mette in chiara luce la sua nullità politica. Inoltre, sia Frau von der Leyen sia Frau Merkel stanno dimostrando una straordinaria incapacità diplomatica.

Non sono nemmeno riuscite a fare approvare i bilanci, il piano economico quinquennale, il Recovery Fund, solo per menzionare le cose più importanti. L’Unione Europea è alla berlina nel mondo. Di gran lunga meglio le repubbliche delle banane. Mr Putin e Mr Xi se la ridacchiano sotto i baffi,

*


Cyprus demands Turkey sanctions at EU summit, stalls on Belarus.

Cyprus defied pressure to approve European Union sanctions on Belarus at a leaders’ summit on Thursday, urging other members of the bloc to also punish Turkey for its oil and gas drilling in the Mediterranean.

Despite friendly elbow bumps as the summit got under way in Brussels, leaders wearing face masks due to the coronavirus pandemic were set to confront Cyprus, one of the EU’s smallest countries, to break the deadlock on Belarus sanctions.

“This is just inappropriate to have a situation without any reaction,” Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda said of the Aug. 9 presidential election in Belarus that the West and the opposition say was rigged.

While Britain and Canada have imposed sanctions on Minsk to show support for pro-democracy demonstrations there, the impasse in the 27-nation EU, where decisions are taken by unanimity, has cost the bloc credibility, diplomats say.

A draft of the summit’s final statement said EU leaders condemned unacceptable violence against peaceful protesters in Belarus and did not recognise the election results. It added that “restrictive measures” should be imposed without delay.

President Alexander Lukashenko has denied his re-election was rigged and called the crisis the result of Western meddling.

Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades made no comment as he arrived on Thursday for the two-day meeting – but won public support from Austria’s leader, who chided others for not supporting Nicosia.

Turkey, both a candidate to join the EU candidate and a member of NATO, has slid towards authoritarianism under President Tayyip Erdogan but remains a strategically-located partner that the EU cannot ignore.

“The European Union finally has to show President Erdogan where our red lines are,” said Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz. “This means the termination of enlargement talks, and sanctions.”

Earlier in a message marking Cyprus’ 60th anniversary of independence from Britain on Thursday, Anastasiades was defiant, accusing Turkey of “gunboat diplomacy” and of violating its maritime shelf in a search for hydrocarbons.

“What I expect from the European Council summit is a more concrete and effective stance, to end this gunboat diplomacy,” he said. Cyprus wants the EU to approve sanctions on Turkish drilling ships.

Erdogan, meanwhile, sent a letter to all EU leaders except Greece and Cyprus, urging the bloc to treat Ankara fairly and blaming Athens and Nicosia for tensions in contested waters of the Eastern Mediterranean.

In a sign that the diplomatic stand-off is easing at least between Athens and Ankara, NATO announced on Thursday that the two alliance members had set up a “military de-confliction mechanism” to avoid accidental clashes at sea.

GUARANTEES TO CYPRUS?

Germany has pushed back against the imposition of EU sanctions on Turkey, fearing it will disrupt efforts to cool tensions with Greece.

Chancellor Angela Merkel stressed she was “committed to finding a peaceful solution”, while French President Emmanuel Macron said EU solidarity with Cyprus was “non-negotiable”. But neither of the EU’s two most powerful leaders suggested a way out of the impasse.

Weakened in foreign policy by Britain’s exit last January from the EU, the bloc is being pulled in different directions by France’s tough stance on Turkey and Germany’s push for dialogue.

The EU sees itself as a beacon of democracy and human rights, eager to sway international events through “soft power”. But its rule of unanimity for foreign policy decisions and its strained relationship with Turkey have raised questions about the bloc’s ability to exert influence.

EU diplomats say a possible solution to the standstill on Belarus could involve guarantees to Cyprus of tough sanctions on Turkey in the future if it continues with drilling activities in waters claimed by Cyprus and Greece.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ong - Ngo, Unione Europea

Grecia. Nuova legge sulle ngo. Nel 2015-2019 hanno sperperato 1.3 mld nel ‘people trafficking’. Solo in Grecia ….

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-06-07.

Atene 003

In Grecia stanno operando 86 ngo, delle quali 73 nazionali e 13 internazionali.

«Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarachi blamed NGOs without providing evidence, for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.»

«politicians from Greece’s ruling party New Democracy, who have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking»

*

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Lesbo. Gli abitanti contro i clandestini. La polizia spara. Almeno un morto.

Grecia. Schiera esercito al confine turco contro i migranti.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

Turkia convoglia migranti in Grecia. Ne ha 950,000.

Grecia. Rivolta armata contro immigrati e centri di raccolta.

Grecia. Exit polls. Nea Demokratia ~40%. Forse maggioranza di seggi. – Aljazeera.

*

I migranti clandestini illegali dal Medio Oriente transitavano in Turkia e di qui buona quota raggiungeva la Grecia. Lo scorso anno la Grecia si è opposta militarmente a questa nuova invasione, invasione peraltro appoggiata sul suolo greco dall’azione delle ngo che si occupano dei migranti. Il Governo greco, cambiato nel luglio dello scorso anno, ha bollato queste ngo come organizzazioni dedite alla ‘tratta dei migranti’, che hanno sperperato 1.3 miliardi nella sola Grecia, tra il 2015-2019. Data l’entità della cifra si possono capire molte cose.

Si noti come l’Unione Europea, nella figura della Commissione Europea, abbia approvato che la Grecia avesse fatto intervenire l’esercito per bloccare una simile invasione, anche usando la forza e le armi.

È del tutto evidente che una situazione del genere necessitava di un intervento governativo, per dare regole e norme chiare e trasparenti alle ngo che operano sul suolo greco, spesso svolgendo azioni in netto contrasto con le decisioni politiche governative.

Le ngo non sono più da considerarsi uno stato dentro lo stato. Ameno in Grecia.

*

Non è questa la prima presa di posizione contro le attività delle ngo.

Libia.Vieta alle ngo la tratta dei migranti.

Europarlamento. Liberal socialisti battuti sulla mozione sui migranti ed ngo.

Russia. Nuova legge sulle ong (ngo). Povero Mr Soros.

Polonia. Scacciare le ong (ngo) di Mr Soros.

Repubblica Ceka. Rivolta aperta contro le ngo di Mr Soros.

Orban contro Soros. Nuova legge sulle Ong.

Unione Europea ed ngo. Un fiume di denaro non tracciabile. I numeri.

*

«New Greek rules stigmatise NGOs working with migrants»

«The Greek government is targeting NGOs working with migrants as part of a politicised effort to curtail asylum»

«New ministerial rules introduced earlier this year and inserted into a wider migration law in May only apply to civil society groups that deals with refugees and asylum»

«Athens says the rules are needed for greater transparency and accountability but NGOs argue they also discriminate and are almost impossible to implement for smaller grassroots organisations»

«the new rules impose extra conditions on the registration of civil society outfits»

«The law maintains a clear discretion on the ministry of migration and asylum to deny registration – even if the requirements are met»

«NGOs that help asylum seekers are now required to register with the ministry of asylum and migration»

«They are also required to be certified should they wish to receive state-level or EU funding. …. they are required to show financial statements dating back two years»

«that it only targets NGOs working with refugees, and requires they get audited by certified auditors, and other bureaucratic obligations, that risk creating a chilling effect.»

«This new process will exclude many organisations because they don’t have the budget to cover this exorbitant costs»

«Greece currently has around 86 registered NGOs working on migration. Of those, 73 are national and 13 international.»

«The previous government in Greece, voted out of power last summer, had set up a registry for NGOs»

«As it stands, the law seems to have been activated in order to punish and exclude NGOs from public affairs instead of regulating their action by integrating them into a transparent and accountable collaborative framework with the state and citizens»

«politicians from Greece’s ruling party New Democracy, who have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking»

«Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarachi blamed NGOs without providing evidence, for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.»

* * * * * * *

La rivolta contro le ngo prosegue.

«minister …. blamed NGOs …. for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.»

«politicians …. have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking»

E la Commissione Europea tace.

*


Eu Observer. New Greek rules stigmatise NGOs working with migrants

The Greek government is targeting NGOs working with migrants as part of a politicised effort to curtail asylum.

New ministerial rules introduced earlier this year and inserted into a wider migration law in May only apply to civil society groups that deals with refugees and asylum.

Athens says the rules are needed for greater transparency and accountability but NGOs argue they also discriminate and are almost impossible to implement for smaller grassroots organisations.

Drafted by the Greek ministry of finance and the ministry of migration and asylum, the new rules impose extra conditions on the registration of civil society outfits.

“The law maintains a clear discretion on the ministry of migration and asylum to deny registration – even if the requirements are met,” said Minos Mouzourakis, a legal officer at Refugee Support Aegean.

NGOs that help asylum seekers are now required to register with the ministry of asylum and migration. They are also required to be certified should they wish to receive state-level or EU funding.

In affect, the rules essentially prevent new NGOs from registering – because they are required to show financial statements dating back two years.

Chilling effect

Melina Spathari at Terre des Hommes Hellas, an international NGO, says a centralised updated registry of NGOs will enhance transparency.

But she pointed out that it only targets NGOs working with refugees, and requires they get audited by certified auditors, and other bureaucratic obligations, that risk creating a chilling effect.

“This new process will exclude many organisations because they don’t have the budget to cover this exorbitant costs. We are talking about very small civil society organisations, grass roots,” she said.

It also means asylum seekers and refugees may stand to lose out given many rely on the NGOs for basic needs in Greece.

Greece currently has around 86 registered NGOs working on migration. Of those, 73 are national and 13 international.

The previous government in Greece, voted out of power last summer, had set up a registry for NGOs. But the new registry for NGO staff created earlier this year is adding a whole new layer of requirements.

“This has happened in the context of a deteriorating public narrative around NGOs and specifically NGOs that work with asylum seekers and migrants and people on the move in general,” said Adriana Tidona, a researcher on migration at Amnesty International’s European office.

Tidona says the new rules are posing serious questions when it comes to the freedom of association, the freedom of expression, discrimination and the right to privacy.

“It is also concerning that the registration is basically entrusted to an authority which is not independent from the government,” she said.

Also known as the ‘special coordinating secretary’, it can approve or revoke registrations at any moment.

Doctors of the World Greece said the secretary’s power is too great, noting it will be able to reject an application even if all the legal requirements are met.

“As it stands, the law seems to have been activated in order to punish and exclude NGOs from public affairs instead of regulating their action by integrating them into a transparent and accountable collaborative framework with the state and citizens,” said Elli Xenou at Doctors of the World Greece.

Such moves appear to align with public statements made by politicians from Greece’s ruling party New Democracy, who have accused some NGOs of smuggling and people trafficking.

More recently, Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarachi blamed NGOs without providing evidence, for mismanaging some €1.3bn EU funds between 2015 and 2019.

Tacit support

The move comes amid heightened tensions over migration following Turkey’s failed bid to send thousands of refugee hopefuls into Greece in March.

It also comes amid ongoing silence by a European Commission on alleged rights abuses in Greece after the country suspended asylum applications for a month.

Asked to comment on the new rules, the European Commission has yet to respond to this website.

But in March, the European Commission’s vice-president Margaritis Schinas tasked to promote ‘our European way of life’ offered a clue.

“EU support will be unequivocal,” said Schinas when asked about Greece suspending asylum claims.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo

Eurozona. PMI si contrae a 33.4. Peggio che nel 2008 – 2009.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-05-08.

2020-05-05__Markit Europa 001

«Euro area manufacturing output plunged to an extent greatly exceeding any decline previously seen in the near 23-year history of the PMI survey in April, reflecting a combination of factors including widespread factory closures, slumping demand and supply shortages, all linked to the COVID-19 outbreak»

«The IHS Markit Eurozone Manufacturing PMI® registered 33.4 in April, down sharply from March’s 44.5. Below the earlier flash reading, the latest PMI was the lowest ever recorded by the series (which began in June 1997), surpassing readings seen during the depths of the global financial crisis and indicative of a considerable deterioration in operating conditions»

«Delays in transport routes, plus challenges in sourcing materials and company closures meant that the time taken for deliveries to arrive at manufacturers continued to lengthen»

*

Sempre che il Covid-19 non presenti una recrudescenza autunnale, evento verosimile quanto probabile, la ripresa sociale ed economica dell’eurozona si prospetta lenta e difficile.

*


IHS Markit ha rilasciato i Purchasing Managers’ Index per l’Eurozona compilati ad aprile.

«Euro area manufacturing experienced a substantial deterioration in operating conditions during April as government restrictions to limit the spread of the global coronavirus disease (COVID-19) weighed on the sector. Output, new orders, export sales, and purchasing activity all fell at record rates, whilst supply side constraints intensified to an unprecedented extent. Confidence about the future sank to a fresh series low.

The IHS Markit Eurozone Manufacturing PMI® registered 33.4 in April, down sharply from March’s 44.5. Below the earlier flash reading, the latest PMI was the lowest ever recorded by the series (which began in June 1997), surpassing readings seen during the depths of the global financial crisis and indicative of a considerable deterioration in operating conditions.

Market groups data indicated that all categories recorded considerable deteriorations in operating conditions. Investment goods producers suffered the sharpest contraction.

At the country level, PMIs were down across the region, with numbers either at record lows (Austria, France, Greece, and Italy) or registering readings only surpassed during the worst of the global financial crisis.

Greece and Spain recorded the lowest PMI numbers, followed by Italy and France. Netherlands fared the best, but even here the rate of contraction was considerable.

Aggregate output in the euro area deteriorated at a survey-record rate during April, as did new orders. Restrictions on non-essential economic activities and associated social-distancing measures were widely reported to have led to a broad-based pause for demand and production. With similar restrictions also in place around the world, combined with transportation challenges, export trade also fell at a survey record pace.

Delays in transport routes, plus challenges in sourcing materials and company closures meant that the time taken for deliveries to arrive at manufacturers continued to lengthen. According to the latest survey data, average lead times deteriorated during April at an unprecedented rate in the survey’s near 23-year history.

Demand for input goods was also markedly reduced as firms cut back on non-essential purchasing. Preferring instead to utilise existing inventories to bolster cashflow and working capital, the decline in buying activity was the sharpest in the survey history.

The sharp deteriorations in output and orders meant that excess capacity continued to develop during April as evidenced by a noticeable drop in backlogs of work. The fall was the twentieth in successive months and the sharpest recorded by the survey since February 2009.

Manufacturers subsequently cut their staffing levels for a twelfth successive month. Moreover, the rate of contraction was considerable and the sharpest since April 2009. Job losses were especially acute in Greece, Ireland and Spain.

Amid reports of falling prices for oil and related items, average input costs declined markedly during April and for an eleventh successive month. Output charges also fell, and to the greatest degree recorded by the survey in ten-and-a-half years.

Looking to the coming year, manufacturers were extremely downbeat about future output. Worries about the longer-term impacts on economic activity and demand meant that sentiment fell to a new series low in April. Of the countries covered by the survey, Spanish, German and Austrian manufacturers were the most pessimistic of all.

——-

“Euro area manufacturing output plunged to an extent greatly exceeding any decline previously seen in the near 23-year history of the PMI survey in April, reflecting a combination of factors including widespread factory closures, slumping demand and supply shortages, all linked to the COVID-19 outbreak.

“All countries suffered record falls in factory output, with Italy reporting the sharpest decline, as measures to contain the coronavirus intensified during the month.

“With virus curves flattening and talk now moving to lifting some of the pandemic restrictions, April will have hopefully represented the eye of the storm in terms of the virus impact on the economy, meaning the rate of decline will now likely start to moderate.

Barring any second wave of infections, which would throw any recovery off course, the news should start to improve as we see more people and businesses get back to work.

“However, the PMI is indicating an industrial sector that has collapsed at a quarterly rate of decline measured in double digits, and any recovery will be frustratingly slow. Steps needed to keep workers safe will mean even businesses that are able to restart production will generally be running at low capacity, and most will be operating in an environment of greatly reduced demand. Not only will household spending remain historically weak, not least due to ongoing shop closures, but business spending on inputs and machinery and equipment will also remain subdued for some time.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Samos. Migranti incendiano il campo profughi di Vathy.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-04-27.

2020-04-27__Grecia 001

«7,000 people live in camp built for 650»

«The fire started on Sunday night after an ”internal controversy” between residents at the camp, he added»

«A second fire was reported on Monday in a new series of clashes between ”Arabic-speaking African” migrants, according to a local police source»

«Anti-riot police were deployed to restore order and seven people were arrested during the operation»

«The camp is extremely overcrowded with nearly 7,000 people living in a facility built to host a maximum of 650 guests»

«Violence, either among migrants or directed at authorities, has flared up at times.»

«local media have reported that the first fire started during a clash between different ethnic groups at the camp and that migrants fueled the later fire in a bid to be taken out of the camp»

* * * * * * *

Le migrazioni clandestine illegali stanno terminando come logica avrebbe già da tempo suggerito.

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Lesbo. Gli abitanti contro i clandestini. La polizia spara. Almeno un morto.

Grecia. Schiera esercito al confine turco contro i migranti.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

Grecia. Rivolta armata contro immigrati e centri di raccolta.

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Venuta a meno la copertura politica ed economica che i liberal socialisti dell’Unione Europea avevano in passato garantito ai migranti illegali, quelli di loro che erano riusciti ad entrare nei confini dell’Unione sono stati ammassati dentro campi profughi blindati, e sostanzialmente nessuno più si cura di loro. Sono stati utilizzati per anni come arma impropria ed ora che non servono più, nessuno di occupa di loro.

È comprensibile che in un campo ‘costruito‘ per 650 persone in cui vi sono stati stipati 7,000 migranti nascano guerre tra poveri, tra miseri, che poi sfociano in rivolte. Guardando i video allegati ci si rende conto che i greci hanno speso qualche spicciolo per ‘costruire‘ il campo.

Rimandarli donde sono venuti potrebbe essere forse la cosa più ragionevole.

*


Greek City Times. Fire tears through refugee camp in Samos [Video]

On Sunday afternoon, a fire broke out at the Vathy refugee camp, on the Greek island of Samos.

The immediate response from the fire bridge, prevented the fire from spreading throughout the facility.

he cause of the fire is now under investigation.

According to Doctors Without Borders, approximately 100 people are left homeless after the fire destroyed their tents and living spaces.

It is noted that according to official data from the General Secretariat of Information and Communication, as of April 22, there is a total of 7,216 refugees and immigrants living in Samos.

In Vathy, where the hotspot has a capacity of 648 people, 6,869 refugees currently reside there.

*


Ekathimerini. Fires at Samos migrant camp force partial evacuation

Fires have broken out at a migrants’ camp on the island of Samos, leading to its partial evacuation, and firefighters say they are still fighting the flames though they are under control.

A firefighting service spokesman, speaking on condition of anonymity because of an ongoing investigation, said a fire broke out just outside the main camp in an area where there are “shacks” housing some of the overflowing population of migrants as well as medical and other support facilities. The main camp itself is intact, the spokesman added.

There were at least two separate fires, one that started earlier Sunday evening and a bigger one later in the night. The cause is unknown, but local media have reported that the first fire started during a clash between different ethnic groups at the camp and that migrants fueled the later fire in a bid to be taken out of the camp. These reports have not been confirmed.

Non-governmental organization Doctors Without Borders said in a tweet that the earlier fire left about a 100 people without shelter after their tents were burned. It is not known how many other migrants have been left without shelter as the result of the bigger fire, but some have been escorted by police to a square in the nearby town of Vathy.

Firefighters also moved several people out of harm’s way, although the spokesman was not able to tell how many and said the investigation of the incidents will be carried out by police.

Migrants being kept in the overcrowded island camps are increasingly in despair over the conditions and the slow processing of their asylum applications and are eager to move out. Violence, either among migrants or directed at authorities, has flared up at times.

*


Migrants: 200 homeless after fire on Greek island Samos

Dozens of asylum seekers were left homeless after a fire devastated a camp on the Greek island of Samos, an official from the immigration ministry said on Monday. ”Some 200 people have remained homeless”, the secretary of the migration ministry, Manos Logothetis, told the AFP news agency.

The fire started on Sunday night after an ”internal controversy” between residents at the camp, he added. A second fire was reported on Monday in a new series of clashes between ”Arabic-speaking African” migrants, according to a local police source. Anti-riot police were deployed to restore order and seven people were arrested during the operation. The camp is extremely overcrowded with nearly 7,000 people living in a facility built to host a maximum of 650 guests

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Missione Irini non prevede sbarchi in Italia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-04-01.

Unione Europea 013

«The European Union will launch a new Mediterranean naval and air mission in April to stop more arms reach warring factions in Libya, EU diplomats said on Thursday, with Greece agreeing to take in any migrants rescued at sea»

«E’ una delle clausole previste nel quadro dell’accordo raggiunto in sede Ue che porterà Irini a succedere alla missione Sophia e che ora dovrà essere approvato in via definitiva dai 27 entro domani con procedura scritta»

«the decision, which was delayed by divisions over migrants, followed warnings by EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell that the bloc risked becoming irrelevant if it could not act, potentially leaving Libya’s fate to Turkey and Russia»

«Greece has allowed disembarkation (of rescued migrants) in its ports, …. adding that other EU governments agreed to help cover the harbor costs of bringing those rescued on shore to avoid more financial pressure on Athens.»

«Sophia’s mandate expires at the end of March, meaning Irini aims to start patrolling the eastern Mediterranean, where most arms smuggling takes place, from April»

«However, diplomats acknowledged the EU is unable to patrol the Egypt-Libya land border, through which artillery is still being delivered»

* * * * * * *

Cosa fosse l’Operazione Sophia è ben descritto dal Ministero della Difesa.

«L’European Union Naval Force in the South Central Mediterranean, EUNAVFOR Med – operation SOPHIA, è la prima operazione militare di sicurezza marittima europea che opera nel Mediterraneo centrale.

L’operazione, condotta dall’Italia, ha quale scopo principale il contrasto al traffico illecito di esseri umani e s’inquadra nel più ampio impegno dell’UE volto ad assicurare, secondo un approccio comprensivo ed integrato, il ritorno della stabilità e della sicurezza in Libia.

Operazione SOPHIA è il primo esempio di elevata integrazione delle componenti militari e civili (forze di polizia) europee, capace di operare in un complesso scenario internazionale rappresentato da numerosissimi attori militari e civili, governativi e non governativi.

La situazione di crisi nell’area del Mediterraneo centrale, causata dal perdurante conflitto interno in Libia e dal conseguente collasso del sistema statuale, ha tra le molteplici conseguenze il flusso migratorio che attraverso la Libia, raggiunge via mare l’Italia e gli altri paesi dell’Unione Europea.

Un flusso migratorio facilitato e, soprattutto, sfruttato economicamente, da trafficanti di esseri umani che hanno messo in piedi una rete atta a lucrare sulla disperazione degli uomini, donne e bambini che ogni giorno tentano di intraprendere questo viaggio. In tale contesto, l’impiego di mezzi fatiscenti, inadatti alla navigazione in alto mare e sovraccarichi ha portato al ripetersi di naufragi molto spesso drammatici con la morte di centinaia e probabilmente migliaia di migranti.»

*

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

«Europe continues to delegate border enforcement to the Libyan authorities to evade their responsibility to rescue the distressed to Europe»

Si prenda atto che l’atteggiamento dell’Unione Europea nei confronti dei migranti clandestini è mutata.

*


EU’s Operation Irini to replace Sophia in monitoring arms embargo in Libya

The European Union will launch a new Mediterranean naval and air mission in April to stop more arms reach warring factions in Libya, EU diplomats said on Thursday, with Greece agreeing to take in any migrants rescued at sea.

The decision, which was delayed by divisions over migrants, followed warnings by EU foreign affairs chief Josep Borrell that the bloc risked becoming irrelevant if it could not act, potentially leaving Libya’s fate to Turkey and Russia.

“Greece has allowed disembarkation (of rescued migrants) in its ports,” said an EU diplomat involved in the negotiations, adding that other EU governments agreed to help cover the harbor costs of bringing those rescued on shore to avoid more financial pressure on Athens.

The new mission, named Irini, will replace the EU’s current military mission, known as Operation Sophia, which stopped deploying ships a year ago after Italy, facing an anti-immigrant backlash, said it would no longer take migrants rescued at sea.

With hundreds of thousands making the perilous crossing from North Africa each year and thousands dying at sea, EU ships are required under international law to rescue those in trouble.

Sophia’s mandate expires at the end of March, meaning Irini aims to start patrolling the eastern Mediterranean, where most arms smuggling takes place, from April. However, diplomats acknowledged the EU is unable to patrol the Egypt-Libya land border, through which artillery is still being delivered.

*


Libia: missione Irini non prevede sbarchi in Italia.

Se ci saranno migranti salvati, andranno in Grecia.

BRUXELLES – La missione Ue Irini per il pattugliamento del Mediterraneo al fine di far osservare l’embargo Onu sulle forniture di armi alla Libia non prevederà lo sbarco in Italia di migranti eventualmente salvati in mare. A quanto si è appreso, queste persone saranno sbarcate in Grecia. E’ una delle clausole previste nel quadro dell’accordo raggiunto in sede Ue che porterà Irini a succedere alla missione Sophia e che ora dovrà essere approvato in via definitiva dai 27 entro domani con procedura scritta.

L’intesa raggiunta prevede che i Paesi che contribuiscono con asset e partecipano alla missione Irini definiscano un meccanismo di ripartizione su base volontaria di chi viene eventualmente salvato in mare e che comunque sarà sbarcato in Grecia. Una soluzione che sarebbe stata accettata da Atene in cambio di compensazioni politiche ed economiche. Da parte italiana è stato fatto notare che, anche alla luce dell’emergenza coronavirus, non era pensabile che si potesse procedere a sbarchi nei porti nazionali.

Per arrivare all’accordo odierno sono stati necessari difficili negoziati, che si sono protratti per settimane, sia sulla questione degli sbarchi sia su quella della clausola cosiddetta di ‘riposizionamento’ della missione. Una clausola destinata a scattare qualora il comandante di Irini abbia fondati motivi per denunciare il verificarsi del ‘pool factor’, ovvero quella circostanza in cui si ritiene che il collocamento di navi Ue in prossimità del confine marittimo libico incentivi i trafficanti di essere umani a mettere in mare imbarcazioni cariche di migranti sapendo che poi saranno salvati dalle unità europee. In questo caso, l’intesa prevede che il comandante della missione Ue possa chiedere il riposizionamento dei mezzi navali e discutere con i Paesi che partecipano a Irini se e come portare eventualmente avanti la missione.

Se l’intesa riceverà il via libera dei 27 entro domani attraverso la procedura di silenzio-assenso, Irini (che vuol dire ‘pace’ in greco) succederà alla missione Sophia a partire da aprile e avrà un mandato di un anno, con verifiche sulla sua operatività ogni quattro mesi. La missione, a cui oltre all’Italia parteciperanno Paesi come Francia, Spagna Germania e Finlandia, prevede l’impiego di unità navali e di controlli satellitari, nonché il ricorso ad attività di intelligence. Previste anche attività sul territorio che potranno però essere rese operative solo dopo le necessarie intese con le autorità locali.

Pubblicato in: Medicina e Biologia, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. 2019. 612,700 richiedenti asilo, 840,000 domande sotto esame.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-22.

2020-03-22__Eurostat

«In 2019, 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU), up by 12% compared with 2018 (549 000)»

«Around 840 000 asylum applications pending at the end of 2019»

«Almost 1 in 4 applied for asylum in Germany»

«Syrian (74 400 first-time applicants) and Afghan (52 500) continued to be the main citizenship of people seeking international protection in the EU Member States in 2019, followed by Venezuelan (44 800), which moved up from fifth place in 2018 to third in 2019, together accounting for 28% of all first-time applicants»

«With 142 400 first-time applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23% of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States. It was closely followed by France (119 900, or 20%) and Spain (115 200, or 19%), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12%) and Italy (35 000, or 6%)»

«Of the 74 400 Syrians who applied for asylum for the first-time in the EU in 2019, more than half were registered in Germany (39 300, or 53%). Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in seven EU Member States.»

«At the end of 2019, 842 500 applications for international protection in the EU Member States were still under consideration by the national authorities. At the end of 2018, this figure was slightly higher (851 000)»

«Germany had the largest share of applications pending in the EU at the end of 2019 (326 800, or 39% of the EU total), ahead of Spain (133 000, or 16%), Greece (105 400, or 13%), France (74 400, or 9%) and Italy (47 000, or 6%)»

«Pending applications for international protection are applications that have been made at any time and are still under consideration by the national authorities at the end of the reference period. In other words, they refer to the number of asylum seekers waiting for a decision at the end of the year»

* * * * * * *

Sono numeri che si commentano da soli.

Questa povera Unione Europea travagliata dalla recessione economica e dall’epidemia da coronavirus ha bisogno di tutto tranne che di altri migranti.

Si noti anche come i richiedenti asilo provenienti da zone belliche siano solo il 12%: i restanti sono migranti per motivazioni economiche.

Germania. Pianifica 500 mld per l’economia in crisi. KfW.

Malta rimanda in Libia i migranti intercettati in mare. A bastonate.

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

Forse crisi economica e coronavirus riusciranno a bloccare questo delirio.

*


Eurostat ha rilasciato il Report

612 700 first-time asylum seekers registered in 2019, up by 12% compared with 2018.

In 2019, 612 700 first-time asylum seekers applied for international protection in the 27 Member States of the European Union (EU), up by 12% compared with 2018 (549 000), but around half of the number recorded in the peak year 2015 when 1 216 900 first-time asylum applicants were registered.

Syrian (74 400 first-time applicants) and Afghan (52 500) continued to be the main citizenship of people seeking international protection in the EU Member States in 2019, followed by Venezuelan (44 800), which moved up from fifth place in 2018 to third in 2019, together accounting for 28% of all first-time applicants.

These data on asylum applicants in the EU are issued by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. They are complemented with an article and an infographic available on the Eurostat website.

Almost 1 in 4 applied for asylum in Germany

With 142 400 first-time applicants registered in 2019, Germany accounted for 23% of all first-time applicants in the EU Member States. It was closely followed by France (119 900, or 20%) and Spain (115 200, or 19%), ahead of Greece (74 900, or 12%) and Italy (35 000, or 6%).

Among EU Member States with more than 5 000 first-time asylum seekers in 2019, the number of first time applicants rose most compared with the previous year in Spain (+118%, or 62 400 more first-time asylum seekers in 2019 than in 2018) and Cyprus (+67%, or 5 100 more), ahead of Sweden (+28%, or 5 000 more), Belgium (+27%, or 5 000 more), Greece (+15%, or 9 900 more), the Netherlands (+10%, or 2 000 more) and France (+8%, or 8 500 more).

In contrast, the largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-34%, or 18 400 fewer), Germany (-12%, or 19 400 fewer) and Austria (-7%, or 800 fewer).

Syrian, Afghan and Venezuelan – main citizenships of asylum seekers

Syrian (12% of the total number of first-time applicants) was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States in 2019, a position it has held each year since 2013. Of the 74 400 Syrians who applied for asylum for the first-time in the EU in 2019, more than half were registered in Germany (39 300, or 53%). Syrian was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in seven EU Member States.

With 52 500 first-time applicants (or 9% of the EU total) in 2019, Afghan was the second main citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States. Almost half of Afghans (45%) applied in Greece (23 700). Afghan was the main citizenship of asylum seekers in five EU Member States.

Venezuelan (7% of the total number of first-time applicants) was the third main citizenship of asylum seekers in the EU Member States in 2019. Of the 44 800 Venezuelans seeking asylum protection for the first-time in the EU in 2019, the vast majority (90%) applied in Spain (40 300). Venezuelan was the main citizenship of asylum seekers only in Spain.

While the number of applicants from Syria decreased compared to 2018 (-7%, or 5 700), the number of Afghans and Venezuelans increased by 35% (13 600) and 102% (22 600) respectively.

Highest number of first-time applicants relative to the population in Cyprus, lowest in Slovakia

The highest number of registered first-time applicants in 2019 relative to the population of each Member State was recorded in Cyprus (14 495 first-time applicants per million population), ahead of Malta (8 108), Greece (6 985) and Luxembourg (3 585).

In contrast, the lowest numbers were recorded in Slovakia (39 applicants per million population), Hungary (48), Poland (73), Estonia (76) and Latvia (93).

In 2019, in the EU as a whole, there were 1 371 first-time asylum applicants per million population.

Around 840 000 asylum applications pending at the end of 2019

Pending applications for international protection are applications that have been made at any time and are still under consideration by the national authorities at the end of the reference period. In other words, they refer to the number of asylum seekers waiting for a decision at the end of the year. This statistic is also intended to measure how the national authorities are facing the workload implied by the arrival of asylum applicants in the Member States.

At the end of 2019, 842 500 applications for international protection in the EU Member States were still under consideration by the national authorities. At the end of 2018, this figure was slightly higher (851 000).

Germany had the largest share of applications pending in the EU at the end of 2019 (326 800, or 39% of the EU total), ahead of Spain (133 000, or 16%), Greece (105 400, or 13%), France (74 400, or 9%) and Italy (47 000, or 6%).

Among EU Member States with more than 5 000 pending applications at the end of 2019, the number of pending applications rose most compared with the previous year in Cyprus (+85%, or 8 600 more pending applications in 2019 than in 2018), Spain (+69%, or 54 300 more), and Belgium (+49%, or 9 500 more).

The largest relative decreases were recorded in Italy (-54%, or 56 000 fewer), Austria (-29%, or 10 900 fewer) and Sweden (-27%, or 10 100 fewer).

Geographical information

The European Union (EU27) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland and Sweden.

The United Kingdom left the European Union on 31 January 2020. Information on dissemination of European statistics from 1 February 2020 is published on the Eurostat website.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Europarlamento. Le sinistre accusano la Commissione di tradimento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-09.

Cacciare a pedate 001

Le sinistre liberal socialiste dell’europarlamento hanno rilasciato un durissimo articolo in cui accusano il Consiglio Europeo e la Commissione Europea di aver perso ogni residua credibilità, di aver tradito i Trattati dell’Unione, di calpestare gli ‘human right’, di contraddire le prese di posizione delle Nazioni Unite, di disattendere le sentenze della corti di giustizia europee, e di aver ceduto de facto il governo agli identitari sovranisti. Di ignorarle.

Stillano rabbia impotente da ogni poro, con una violenza verbale mai prima usata: satanica.

Stanno iniziando a provare l’amaro sapore della sconfitta totale, di aver perso la potenza di imporre la propria Weltanschauung: una vera débâcle.  E siamo solo agli inizi ….

* * * * * * *

«Migrants: EU commission not fit to guard treaties.»

«Almost 100 days into its mandate and this European Commission is no longer a credible guardian of the EU treaties»

«When it comes to asylum, EU treaty articles based on the Geneva Convention allow people to seek international protection, as does the charter of fundamental rights»

«But the commission has turned its back on asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants trying to cross from Turkey to Greece.»

«Within hours of the visit, the commission had granted an extra €700m to Greece, on top of some €2.4bn already doled out since 2016, and promised a rapid deployment of EU border guards and equipment to the country»

«At a staged press conference with the three presidents, journalists were even denied any questions as Greek prime minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis dominated the narrative unchallenged»

«”The border of Greece is also the external border of the European Union. We will protect them,” he said to a round of applause in a seated crowd peppered by men in uniforms»

«The aim was to avoid any repeat of what had happened five years ago when some one million people entered Greece, ventured up into the Western Balkans, and were waved through to the rest of the EU by Hungary’s right-wing government»

«The following years saw internal EU disputes on migration that made a mockery of a Union that is supposed to bind 27 member states»

«It is also one where past EU failures on migration have forced this Brussels executive to borrow from the far-right handbook»

«the EU is now prepared to bend its own and international rulebook on pushing back people who have the right to seek international protection»

«Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban will once again feel vindicated, as will Italy’s former deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini.»

«It is worth recalling that Von der Leyen became commission president on the back of support from the right-wing governments in Poland and Hungary»

«Asked if it was legal for Greece to suspend asylum claims for a month as Greece has done, the commission announced it had no “authority to have a definitive legal opinion or legal doctrine.”»

«”It is not up to the commission to offer any opinion or judgement on a situation which is exceptional, that is under certain constraints,” said Margaritis Schinas, the vice-president in charge of “promoting our European way of life”.»

«what you will get is a commission that has cowed to the far-right and one that is no longer fit to be the guardian of the EU treaties»

* * * * * * *

Per decenni i liberal socialisti hanno preteso che i Trattati dell’Unione Europea dovessero essere ‘interpretati‘ come se fossero la fotocopia della loro ideologia, che hanno sempre imposto, al punto tale da condizionare i rapporti commerciali alla sua accettazione. È quello che sta accadendo ancora nelle trattative post Brexit.

Ma non dispongono più di una maggioranza stabile nell’europarlamento e nel Consiglio Europeo sono molti i capi di stato e di governo che di loro non ne vogliono più sapere.

In più, i tempi sono mutati.

L’eurozona è entrata in una stagnazione recessiva e l’epidemia di coronavirus sta bloccando sia la produzione industriale sia i commerci.

Ci penseranno i fatti ad obbligarli a capire come la storia abbia voltato pagina.

*


EU Observer. Migrants: EU commission not fit to guard treaties.

Almost 100 days into its mandate and this European Commission is no longer a credible guardian of the EU treaties.

When it comes to asylum, EU treaty articles based on the Geneva Convention allow people to seek international protection, as does the charter of fundamental rights.

But the commission has turned its back on asylum seekers, refugees, and migrants trying to cross from Turkey to Greece.

“Those who seek to test Europe’s unity will be disappointed. We will hold the line and our unity will prevail,” commission president Ursula von der Leyen, using terminology more apt for war, recently said at a photo-op trip on the Greek Turkish border.

Von der Leyen had gone to Greece along with the presidents of the European Council and the European Parliament after Turkey declared its borders with Greece and Bulgaria were open once again due to the war in Syria.

Carefully orchestrated photos and videos prepared by the EU’s internal communications team portrayed the presidents staring at empty farmland from a helicopter portal.

The Hollywood-like optics were meant to convey an image of EU strength.

Within hours of the visit, the commission had granted an extra €700m to Greece, on top of some €2.4bn already doled out since 2016, and promised a rapid deployment of EU border guards and equipment to the country.

That Greece had suspended asylum claims for a month, despite condemnation by the United Nations, did not seem to matter.

That a four-year old Syrian boy died after a boat capsized on the way to the Greek islands a full day ahead of their visit was not mentioned.

At a staged press conference with the three presidents, journalists were even denied any questions as Greek prime minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis dominated the narrative unchallenged.

“The border of Greece is also the external border of the European Union. We will protect them,” he said to a round of applause in a seated crowd peppered by men in uniforms.

The aim was to avoid any repeat of what had happened five years ago when some one million people entered Greece, ventured up into the Western Balkans, and were waved through to the rest of the EU by Hungary’s right-wing government.

Budapest at the time even organised buses to take the asylum seekers to Austria.

The following years saw internal EU disputes on migration that made a mockery of a Union that is supposed to bind 27 member states.

Ministry of truth

What happened after Von der Leyen’s Greek-Turkish border visit was a demonstration of a European Commission that is now engaging in Orwellian double-speak as it skirts away questions on human rights.

It is also one where past EU failures on migration have forced this Brussels executive to borrow from the far-right handbook.

Having failed over the past few years to cobble together any credible plan on asylum, the EU is now prepared to bend its own and international rulebook on pushing back people who have the right to seek international protection.

Hungary’s prime minister Viktor Orban will once again feel vindicated, as will Italy’s former deputy prime minister Matteo Salvini.

Orban, commenting on the recent Greek-Turkish border fiasco, said with gusto that it was Hungary that had “announced a policy against Muslim migration” already in 2015.

So what has happened to the European Commission?

It is worth recalling that Von der Leyen became commission president on the back of support from the right-wing governments in Poland and Hungary.

It is also worth recalling she had slapped the label “protecting our European way of life” onto an EU commissioner in charge of migration, largely seen as a head nod to right-wing factions.

This was later changed to “promoting” given the widespread backlash. But taken together, they were clues into what this commission is prepared to do.

Asked if it was legal for Greece to suspend asylum claims for a month as Greece has done, the commission announced it had no “authority to have a definitive legal opinion or legal doctrine.”

Asked if it was legal to fire rubber bullets at asylum seekers, the commission also refused to comment.

“It is not up to the commission to offer any opinion or judgement on a situation which is exceptional, that is under certain constraints,” said Margaritis Schinas, the vice-president in charge of “promoting our European way of life”.

Eric Mamer, the commission’s chief spokesperson, was even more blunt. “You won’t get a straight yes or no answer from me,” he said.

Instead, what you will get is a commission that has cowed to the far-right and one that is no longer fit to be the guardian of the EU treaties. That honour now belongs to EU citizens alone, it seems.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Lesbo. Incendiato un centro raccolta migranti. La violenza sale ancora.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-03-08.

Grecia. Lesbo. 003

Josep Borrell i Fontelles è un uomo politico ed economista spagnolo, membro del PSOE ed aderente al partito Socialista Europeo, dal 1º dicembre 2019 Alto rappresentante dell’Unione per gli affari esteri e la politica di sicurezza.

L’europarlamento ne aveva consentito la nomina in quanto liberal socialista di fede specchiata, ‘migrants welcome”, tra l’altro.

Poi è avvenuta una mutazione.

«The EU’s foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, has told refugees

to “avoid moving to a closed door”»

Mr Borrell si è fatto convincere dal resto della Commissione Europea ed ha abbracciato con piena convinzione le idee in proposito degli identitari sovranisti, blindando i confini della Unione Europea ed elogiando i greci per aver usato anche mezzi violenti per respingere i migranti. Sarà difficile che d’ora in poi possa avere qualcosa da ridire su Mr Orban ….

* * * * * * *

«A fire has ripped through a refugee shelter on the Greek island of Lesbos as tensions over a surge in migration from Turkey continue to rise»

«Flames engulfed the One Happy Family centre, near the island’s capital Mitilini, on Saturday. …. It is not clear how the fire started. No causalities have been reported.»

«Hundreds of migrants have attempted to reach the island since Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said last week he was “opening the doors” for refugees to enter Europe»

«The EU has accused Mr Erdogan of using migrants for political purposes. It insists its doors are “closed”.»

«On Saturday, Greek police fired tear gas at crowds at the border crossing at Kastanies, who responded by throwing stones and shouting “open the gates”»

«”Accommodation and benefits for those granted asylum will be interrupted within a month. From then on, they will have to work for a living,” the minister said. …. “This makes our country a less attractive destination for migration flows.”»

«Turkey already hosts some 3.7m Syrians but the conflict in Idlib has led to nearly a million more fleeing to its southern border»

«Greece …. has halted for a month all asylum claims from migrants who enter Greece illegally, and taken aggressive measures to deter them from entering via both land and sea»

«The EU’s foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, has told refugees to “avoid moving to a closed door”»

«members of self-styled militias who carry out night-time armed patrols in Greek border towns looking for migrants»

«”We have seen them with our own eyes, arresting migrants, treating them badly and if someone dares to help them, he has the same fate.”»

* * * * * * *

Commissione Europea tace ed avvalla la Grecia sul problema dei migranti.

Grecia respinge con cariche e lacrimogeni 4,000 migranti.

Grecia, Eu e migranti. Liberal socialisti verso l’emarginazione.

Lesbo. Gli abitanti contro i clandestini. La polizia spara. Almeno un morto.

Grecia. Schiera esercito al confine turco contro i migranti.

Grecia. Rivolta armata contro immigrati e centri di raccolta.

La Grecia ha chiuso i confini ai migranti ufficialmente per un mese, ma un mese passa presto ed il problema è sempre lì, irrisolto: proseguire con la chiusura oppure accoglierli.

Intanto cresce la violenza: la gente del posto non ne vuole più sapere di ricevere altri migranti, che tra l’altro, non arrivano da zone di guerra. Dopo le botte, adesso gli incendi. Dopo, chissà cosa potrà mai succedere.

Sarebbe buona norma politica non portare mai il popolo all’ira.

*


Greece migrant crisis: Refugee centre ablaze as tensions rise.

A fire has ripped through a refugee shelter on the Greek island of Lesbos as tensions over a surge in migration from Turkey continue to rise.

Flames engulfed the One Happy Family centre, near the island’s capital Mitilini, on Saturday.

It is not clear how the fire started. No causalities have been reported.

In recent days, there has been hostility towards migrants on Lesbos after an increase in arrivals from Turkey.

Hundreds of migrants have attempted to reach the island since Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said last week he was “opening the doors” for refugees to enter Europe.

But on Saturday, Mr Erdogan partially reversed his position. He ordered the Turkish coastguard to stop migrants from crossing the Aegean Sea to Greece because it is unsafe to do so.

The EU has accused Mr Erdogan of using migrants for political purposes. It insists its doors are “closed”.

Meanwhile, clashes have again erupted at the land border between Greece and Turkey.

There appears to have been no change in Turkey’s position with regard to letting migrants try to enter Greece via this route.

On Saturday, Greek police fired tear gas at crowds at the border crossing at Kastanies, who responded by throwing stones and shouting “open the gates”, according to the AFP news agency.

The Greek authorities also accused Turkish police of firing tear gas at its police.

Lesbos migrant camp children ‘say they want to die’

Greek clashes break out over new migrant camps

Islanders strike over crowded Lesbos camps

Earlier on Saturday, Greek Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi announced fresh restrictions on asylum seekers designed to stem the flow of migration from Turkey.

“Accommodation and benefits for those granted asylum will be interrupted within a month. From then on, they will have to work for a living,” the minister said.

“This makes our country a less attractive destination for migration flows.”

What’s the background?

In 2016, a deal was reached whereby Turkey would stop allowing migrants to reach the EU in return for funds from the bloc to help it manage the huge numbers of refugees it hosts.

But since then, tensions between the EU and Turkey have flared on various issues. In recent weeks, a fierce onslaught by Syrian forces and their Russian backers on Idlib, the last province held by Syrian rebels, has led to clashes with Turkey, which supports some rebel groups.

Turkey already hosts some 3.7m Syrians but the conflict in Idlib has led to nearly a million more fleeing to its southern border.

Although the EU promised billions more euros in aid, Turkey was unimpressed and last week decided to open its borders with Greece and even bussed migrants close to the north-western border.

Greece said that the migrants were being “manipulated as pawns” by Turkey in an attempt to exert diplomatic pressure.

It has halted for a month all asylum claims from migrants who enter Greece illegally, and taken aggressive measures to deter them from entering via both land and sea.

In a 24-hour period to Saturday morning, more than 1,200 migrants attempted to cross the land border, most from Afghanistan and Pakistan, an official source told Reuters news agency.

The EU’s foreign policy chief, Josep Borrell, has told refugees to “avoid moving to a closed door”.

The BBC has encountered members of self-styled militias who carry out night-time armed patrols in Greek border towns looking for migrants.

“There are such militia along the entire region,” said Yannis Laskarakis, a newspaper publisher in the city of Alexandroupoli who has received death threats for speaking out against armed vigilantes.

“We have seen them with our own eyes, arresting migrants, treating them badly and if someone dares to help them, he has the same fate.”