Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Energie Alternative

Germania. Energie alternative. Quasi tutto bloccato dai residenti.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-20.

2019-09-10__Germania_Wind__001

Tipico paesaggio bucolico tedesco. Ancora qualche anno ed inizeranno a crollare.


«Wind power is a key pillar in Germany’s ambitious renewables transition plan, but the sector has struck strong resistance»

«After years of breakneck growth in capacity and uptake that has seen wind power delivering a fifth of Germany’s total energy production, vocal “not-in-my-backyard” opposition by residents and a lack of government support have seen investments shrink in the sector»

«More than 600 citizen initiatives have sprung up against the giant installations, with a district called Saale-Orla even offering €2,000 to anyone taking action to get expert opinions opposing wind farms»

«The far-right AfD party, branding itself as the climate-sceptic outfit, had seized on the topic during state elections in Brandenburg, saying it stands by residents steamrollered by wind energy corporations»

«Against the backdrop of bitter division, expansion in Germany’s wind power production capacity plunged in 2018 to half that in 2017 as companies struggled to obtain permission to build»

«And only a few dozen new turbines were installed since the beginning of this year, down 82 percent from a year ago, said Germany’s Wind Energy Association (BWE).»

«And repeatedly every quarter, official tenders for electricity production have returned undersubscribed — a “worrying” trend, said the Federal Network Agency »

«With 5,000 first generation wind turbines also up for renovation, the stakes are high»

* * * * * * *

Ricapitoliamo.

– Nella sola Saale-Orla sono state sporti seicento ricorsi contro l’installazione di tralicci e pale eoliche.

– I tempi necessari per ottenere i permessi di costruzione di impianti eolici si sono dilatati a livelli economicamente insostenibili.

– La gente non vuole più sottoscrivere le offerte ufficiali per diventare produttori di corrente.

– Oltre 5,000 turbine sono vetuste e dovrebbero esser cambiate.

* * *

La rivolta popolare contro le energie alternative inizia ad avere il suo peso elettorale ed economico.


Turbulent politics: How wind energy became a divisive issue in Germany

Wind power is a key pillar in Germany’s ambitious renewables transition plan, but the sector has struck strong resistance, forcing the Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government to open talks on the crisis.

After years of breakneck growth in capacity and uptake that has seen wind power delivering a fifth of Germany’s total energy production, vocal “not-in-my-backyard” opposition by residents and a lack of government support have seen investments shrink in the sector.

More than 600 citizen initiatives have sprung up against the giant installations, with a district called Saale-Orla even offering €2,000 to anyone taking action to get expert opinions opposing wind farms.

The far-right AfD party, branding itself as the climate-sceptic outfit, had seized on the topic during state elections in Brandenburg, saying it stands by residents steamrollered by wind energy corporations.

Against the backdrop of bitter division, expansion in Germany’s wind power production capacity plunged in 2018 to half that in 2017 as companies struggled to obtain permission to build.

And only a few dozen new turbines were installed since the beginning of this year, down 82 percent from a year ago, said Germany’s Wind Energy Association (BWE).

And repeatedly every quarter, official tenders for electricity production have returned undersubscribed — a “worrying” trend, said the Federal Network Agency.

“With regard to the expansion of onshore wind power, Germany has moved from the fast to the breakdown lane,” said Achim Derck, president of the German Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (DIHK).

For BWE president Hermann Albers, the implication is clear – “this development calls into question the success of Germany’s energy transition.”

Ending subsidies

Market players said the tipping point came in 2016 when Germany amended its Renewable Energy Act.

After almost two decades of providing subsidies to prop up the nascent sector, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government decided that the industry was now sufficiently mature and began withdrawing support.

With obtaining building permits often taking years thanks to stubborn local opposition, projects took even longer to recoup costs, also shifting the calculation by firms whether to invest.

In the months following the 2016 amendment, the wind power sector shed 26,000 jobs in Germany, more than in the dwindling coal industry, according to figures provided by the Bundestag, Germany’s lower parliament.

“We have sounded the alarm, but why the German government has chosen to go down this path remains a mystery to this day,” said BWE head Albers, who feels that Berlin had put too much “emphasis on costs” in the transition to green energy.

Tip of the iceberg’

But the crisis in the sector has now shot back up to the top of the political agenda as youths took on the climate emergency with their vocal Fridays for Future protests, fuelling support for the Green party.

In order to meet the government’s target of sourcing 65 percent of Germany’s energy from renewables by 2030, the proportion of wind power will have to grow from around 20 percent currently to replace coal, which still makes up close to a quarter of the mix.

Ahead of a broader government announcement on September 20th on its climate strategy, Economy Minister Peter Altmaier (CDU) will host crisis talks on Thursday in Berlin with key players in the wind energy sector.

With 5,000 first generation wind turbines also up for renovation, the stakes are high.

For some however, the political attention has come too late.

“We’ve been asking for help for months. I don’t think the government understands that it is destroying an economic ecosystem that is a source of cutting-edge engineering and innovation, that has taken time to create and has made Germany famous,” Yves Rannou, head of the German wind turbine manufacturer Senvion, told AFP.

The company said last week that it is closing down, as its German revenues, which once represented 60 percent of its revenues, have shrunk to just 20 percent.

“We are only the tip of the iceberg, the first to get down on our knees, but not the last,” Rannou warned.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Unione Europea. Immatricolazioni auto. GB -41.1%, It -41.9%, Fr -24.9%. M/m.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-19.

2019-09-19__Immatricolazioni Auto


Nei principali paesi europei le immatricolazioni di auto nuove sono consistentemente calate nel mese di luglio, dai dati mese/mese.

Dal -41.9% in Italia al -24.9% in Francia.

Gran brutto segno per il mercato automobilistico e per le società che producono automobili.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

Eurostat. Produzione industriale -2.0% a/a nell’eurozona.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-17.

2019-09-13__Eurustat 001

– Industrial production down by 0.4% in euro area m/m

– In June 2019, industrial production fell by 1.4% in both the euro area and EU28.

– In July 2019 compared with July 2018, industrial production decreased by 2.0% in the euro area and by 1.2% in the EU28

The highest increases were observed in Hungary (+8.7%), Denmark and Lithuania (both +5.1%).

– the largest decreases in industrial production were registered in Estonia (-5.4%), Germany (-5.3%) and Romania (-5.2%).

* * * * * * *

Eurostat ha rilasciato il Report:

Industrial production down by 0.4% in euro area

«July 2019 compared with June 2019

    Industrial production down by 0.4% in euro area

Down by 0.1% in EU28.

In July 2019 compared with June 2019, seasonally adjusted industrial production fell by 0.4% in the euro area (EA19) and by 0.1% in the EU28, according to estimates from Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union. In June 2019, industrial production fell by 1.4% in both the euro area and EU28.

In July 2019 compared with July 2018, industrial production decreased by 2.0% in the euro area and by 1.2% in the EU28.

Monthly comparison by main industrial grouping and by Member State

In the euro area in July 2019, compared with June 2019, production of non-durable consumer goods fell by 0.8%, energy by 0.7% and intermediate goods by 0.3%, while production of durable consumer goods rose by 1.2% and capital goods by 1.8%.

In the EU28, production of energy fell by 1.1%, while production of capital goods rose by 1.5%, durable consumer goods by 1.2%, non-durable consumer goods by 0.1% and intermediate goods remained stable.

Among Member States for which data are available, the largest decreases in industrial production were registered in Romania (-3.3%), Estonia (-2.9%) and Latvia (-2.1%). The highest increases were observed in Croatia (+4.9%), Portugal (+3.6%) and Denmark (+3.5%).

Annual comparison by main industrial grouping and by Member State

In the euro area in July 2019, compared with July 2018, production of capital goods fell by 3.4%, intermediate goods by 3.0% and energy by 1.4%, while production of non-durable consumer goods rose by 1.5% and durable consumer goods by 1.8%.

In the EU28, production of capital goods fell by 2.6%, intermediate goods by 2.2% and energy by 1.7%, while production of durable consumer goods rose by 1.8% and non-durable consumer goods by 2.3%.

Among Member States for which data are available, the largest decreases in industrial production were registered in Estonia (-5.4%), Germany (-5.3%) and Romania (-5.2%). The highest increases were observed in Hungary (+8.7%), Denmark and Lithuania (both +5.1%).»

* * * * * * *

Geographical information

The euro area (EA19) includes Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.

The European Union (EU28) includes Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

* * * * * * *

Considerazioni.

Sia l’Unione Europea sia l’eurozona sono in piena recessione: la produzione industriale è scesa del -2.0% anno su anno, e la discesa perduta da molti mesi, senza vederne una possibile via di uscita.

Tuttavia questa non è una sorta di maledizione divina o di catastrofe naturale: essa dipende strettamente dalle politiche economiche perseguite dai rispettivi governi, aggravate poi dai comportamenti della Commissione Europea uscente.

A riprova, per esempio l’Ungheria è passata da 107.3 del 2017Q4 ad un 115.5 del 2019Q2. La produzione industriale ungherese è aumentata del -8.7% anno su anno.

La Polonia, poi, è passata da 113 del 2017Q4 ad un 121.6 del 2019Q2.

La Germania, invece, è scesa da 106.2 del 2017Q4 a 101.1 del 2019Q2.

Non sono dati inspiegabili.

Governo Cinese convoca l’ambasciatore di Germania.

«The Chinese Ambassador to Germany said on Wednesday that a recent meeting between the German foreign minister and Hong Kong activist Joshua Wong had sent “very negative signals.”»

«German companies, many of which have been impacted by the ongoing trade war between Beijing and the Washington, traded nearly €100 billion ($109.87 billion) with China in the first half of 2019»

«Beijing had repeatedly asked Berlin to deny Wong entry to Germany»

«Da fonti cinesi solitamente molto bene informate si apprende che oltre un centinaio di ditte cinesi hanno già disdetto contratti in essere con la Germania.»

Pubblicato in: Demografia, Devoluzione socialismo

Germania. Un pensionato su due ha meno di 900 euro al mese. Non votano Cdu.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-16.

Cervello Tedesco 001

Chiunque voglia imparare quelle frasi tedesche che gli insegnanti si genano ad insegnare potrebbe fermarsi a fare quattro chiacchiere con una di quelle vecchiette che ravattano nei cassonetti alla ricerca di qualcosa di ancora commestibile.

Frasi del tutto colorite, spesso espresse in forme dialettali, ma facilmente comprensibili se non altro dal tono con cui sono proferite.

«Millionen Altersrentner bekommen in Deutschland so wenig ausgezahlt, dass sie kurz vor der Armut stehen. Das Problem wird sich weiter verschärfen.»

“Milioni di pensionati di vecchiaia in Germania sono pagati così poco che sono sull’orlo della povertà. Il problema è destinato a peggiorare”

«Mehr als jede zweite Rente liegt unter 900 Euro»

“Più di una pensione su due è inferiore a 900 euro”

«Danach haben 51,4 Prozent der Altersrentner im Jahr 2018 weniger als 900 Euro erhalten. Das seien mehr als 9,3 Millionen Menschen gewesen. 58,6 Prozent der Rentner bekamen demnach weniger als 1.000 Euro.»

“Il 51,4% dei pensionati di vecchiaia ha ricevuto meno di 900 euro al mese nel 2018. Erano più di 9.3 milioni di persone. Il 58.6 per cento dei pensionati ha ricevuto meno di 1.000 euro”

«Die Armutsgefährdungsschwelle für eine Person lag im Jahr 2017 bei 999 Euro im Monat, schreibt die Bundesregierung weiter»

“La soglia di rischio di povertà per una persona era di 999 euro al mese nel 2017, continua il governo federale”

«Die Armutsquote bei Über-65-Jährigen liegt nach den Angaben bei 14,6 Prozent, bei der Bevölkerung insgesamt beträgt sie 15,8 Prozent»

“Il tasso di povertà per le persone di età superiore ai 65 anni è del 14.6% e del 15.8% per l’intera popolazione”

« Die Zahl der Empfänger von Grundsicherung im Alter ist von 2017 auf 2018 von 544.090 auf 559.419 gestiegen.»

“Il numero di beneficiari dell’assicurazione di base per la vecchiaia è passato da 544,090 nel 2017 a 559,419 nel 2018”

* * * * * * *

Germania. 5.3 milioni di depressi.

Secondo gli ultimi sondaggi, in Sassonia la Cdu perderebbe 13.4 punti percentuali, passando dal 39.4% al 26%, mentre AfD guadagnerebbe 16.3 punti percentuali, passando dal 9.7% al 26%.

Questi sassoni sono davvero incontentabili e senza riconoscenza.

Frau Merkel elargisce quasi 2,000 euro al mese ai migranti, lasciando ai concittadini ben 900 euro al mese per la vecchiaia. Si dirà: ha concesso loro la vita.

E poi queste vecchiette non voterebbero più la Cdu che le ha messe a dieta: si prospetta l’Holodomor dei vecchietti.


Sächsische. 2019-07-26. Jede zweite Rente liegt unter 900 Euro

Millionen Altersrentner bekommen in Deutschland so wenig ausgezahlt, dass sie kurz vor der Armut stehen. Das Problem wird sich weiter verschärfen. 

Berlin. Mehr als jede zweite Rente liegt unter 900 Euro. Das geht aus einer Antwort der Bundesregierung auf eine Anfrage der Linksfraktion hervor, die dem epd vorliegt. Danach haben 51,4 Prozent der Altersrentner im Jahr 2018 weniger als 900 Euro erhalten. Das seien mehr als 9,3 Millionen Menschen gewesen. 58,6 Prozent der Rentner bekamen demnach weniger als 1.000 Euro. Zuerst hatte darüber das “RedaktionsNetzwerk Deutschland” berichtet.

Die genannten Rentendaten beziehen sich den Angaben zufolge auf die Rentenzahlbeträge, also auf den Betrag der Rente nach dem Abzug von Sozialbeiträgen und vor dem Abzug von Steuern. Die Linken-Bundestagsabgeordnete Sabine Zimmermann erklärte: “Es lässt sich schlicht nicht leugnen, dass die gesetzliche Rente nicht mehr armutsfest ist.” Viele kämen nur deshalb über die Runden, weil sie sich gezwungenermaßen zur Rente etwas hinzuverdienten. Das Problem werde sich verschärfen, denn auch gute Betriebsrenten und die Absicherung über den Ehepartner würden seltener werden, sagte die Vorsitzende des Seniorenausschusses im Bundestag.

Die Bundesregierung verweist darauf, dass allein aus der Höhe einer gesetzlichen Altersrente grundsätzlich nicht auf soziale Bedürftigkeit geschlossen werden könne, weil dabei mögliche zusätzliche Einkommensquellen und die konkrete Haushaltssituation nicht berücksichtigt seien. Geringe Rentenbeiträge würden in der Regel durch zusätzliche Einkünfte oder das Einkommen des Ehepartners ausgeglichen, teilte die Bundesregierung mit.

Die Armutsgefährdungsschwelle für eine Person lag im Jahr 2017 bei 999 Euro im Monat, schreibt die Bundesregierung weiter. Über die Armutsrisikoquote von Altersrentnern gebe es keine offiziellen Zahlen. Die Armutsquote bei Über-65-Jährigen liegt nach den Angaben bei 14,6 Prozent, bei der Bevölkerung insgesamt beträgt sie 15,8 Prozent. Die Zahl der Empfänger von Grundsicherung im Alter ist von 2017 auf 2018 von 544.090 auf 559.419 gestiegen. (epd) 

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Finanza e Sistema Bancario, Unione Europea

Commerzbank. Un grandioso scandalo che coinvolge anche l’Italia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-14.

Gabellieri__002__

Le dimensioni dello scandalo che sta coinvolgendo Commerzbank sono di  dimensioni tali che se ne occupa persino il giornale ufficiale del Governo cinese.

«German authorities are widening their investigations into what might become the biggest tax scandal in German history, the German business newspaper Handelsblatt reported on Tuesday.»

«According to Handelsblatt, the head office of Commerzbank in Frankfurt was searched in connection to suspected tax fraud, in which the bank was believed to have sold blocks of shares used for illegal cum-ex trading»

«The controversial cum-ex deals took advantage of a legal loophole that was closed in Germany in 2012 which enabled participants to obtain multiple refunds on a tax that was only paid once.»

«According to the latest figures from the German Ministry of Finance, 499 cases with a volume of 5.5 billion euros (6.7 billion U.S. dollars) linked to the cum-ex deals were currently under investigation.»

«However, the actual tax loss in Germany from cum-ex trading was estimated to be much higher, the German Finance Ministry noted.»

«The first criminal trial against two British investment bankers in the context of the cum-ex deals was opened at the regional court in Bonn at the start of September.»

* * *

«One hundred financial institutions linked to decade-long fraud that exploited tax code flaw»

«Cologne prosecutors have raided Commerzbank’s Frankfurt headquarters as part of a criminal investigation into a decade-long tax fraud that cost the country billions of euros»

«The latest raid is one of a number of nationwide investigations into the “cum-ex” scandal, described as the worst tax scam in German history, whereby financial groups and their clients allegedly exploited a design flaw in the tax code to trick authorities into refunding dividend tax that had never actually been paid»

«However, its internal probe into the cum-ex linked equity transactions of Dresdner Bank, the rival German lender it bought in 2009, had not yet been completed and disclosed to prosecutors.»

«A cum-ex deal typically involved a trader borrowing a block of shares to bet against them using a technique called short selling in the run-up to dividend day and then selling them across national borders to another investor»

«A loophole meant parties on both sides of the trade could successfully claim a refund of withholding taxes paid on the dividend»

«About 100 financial institutions have been linked to cum-ex deals, including crosstown rival Deutsche Bank, DZ Bank and HypoVereinsbank, the German division of Italian lender UniCredit»

* * * * * * *

Stabilirà il tribunale se ci sia stata frode fiscale e, nel caso, l’ammontare esatto. Se le voci fossero vere, si tratterebbe di una cifra superiore ai 5.5 miliardi di euro. Oltre, ovviamente, al danno di immagine.

Tuttavia al momento alcune considerazioni sembrerebbero essere lecite.

– Le banche tedesche stanno rapidamente involvendosi. il cum-ex è solo l’ultimo scandalo emerso, ma c’è sempre tutto il resto.

– La legislazione bancaria e fiscale tedesca, come peraltro quella di quasi tutti gli stati dell’Unione Europea e le stesse direttive della banca centrale sono prolisse, ridondanti, in continuo ingiustificato rinnovamento, ove tutto è detto e tutto è negato. Costituiscono un blocco di migliaia di pagine, ove al testo base si assommano migliaia di casi particolari ed eccezioni.

– Nessuno si illuda che lo scandalo sia limitato alla Germania: per esempio, la HypoVereinsbank è italiana, di UniCredit.


Financial Times. 2019-09-11. Commerzbank raided by prosecutors investigating German tax scandal

One hundred financial institutions linked to decade-long fraud that exploited tax code flaw.

Cologne prosecutors have raided Commerzbank’s Frankfurt headquarters as part of a criminal investigation into a decade-long tax fraud that cost the country billions of euros. The latest raid is one of a number of nationwide investigations into the “cum-ex” scandal, described as the worst tax scam in German history, whereby financial groups and their clients allegedly exploited a design flaw in the tax code to trick authorities into refunding dividend tax that had never actually been paid. In a statement, the prosecutor’s office said that “investigative measures” were carried out on Tuesday “within the framework of the procedure complex around the cum-ex transactions”. It said that “due to tax secrecy”, no further information could be provided. “We cannot comment on ongoing investigations,” Commerzbank said. “We are fully co-operating with the authorities and hope the matter is resolved as quickly as possible.” Commerzbank said in its most recent financial report it had “initiated a forensic analysis of cum-ex transactions” between 2015 and 2018 and handed over the results to authorities. However, its internal probe into the cum-ex linked equity transactions of Dresdner Bank, the rival German lender it bought in 2009, had not yet been completed and disclosed to prosecutors. A cum-ex deal typically involved a trader borrowing a block of shares to bet against them using a technique called short selling in the run-up to dividend day and then selling them across national borders to another investor. A loophole meant parties on both sides of the trade could successfully claim a refund of withholding taxes paid on the dividend — even though authorities say in reality only a single rebate was due. Germany’s finance ministry has said that 499 deals worth €5.5bn that took place between 2001 and 2011 are being investigated, and €2.4bn has already been recovered by tax authorities Commerzbank is not the only organisation under scrutiny. About 100 financial institutions have been linked to cum-ex deals, including crosstown rival Deutsche Bank, DZ Bank and HypoVereinsbank, the German division of Italian lender UniCredit. Last week, two British former stockbrokers went on trial in Bonn accused of defrauding German taxpayers of €440m in lost tax, and face up to 10 years in jail. Cologne investigators are also probing Deutsche’s former investment banking boss Garth Ritchie, as well as other current and former employees, over any knowledge of and involvement in illicit tax transactions, the Financial Times reported in June. Mr Ritchie has said he is confident the investigation will show no wrongdoing by him. Late last year Deutsche paid €4m to settle a separate cum-ex investigation by the Frankfurt general prosecutor’s office that looked into how the bank helped clients agree the illicit deals. Deutsche maintains it never actively participated in such transactions “as a short seller nor as cum-ex purchaser”, but acknowledges that “as a big market participant, [it] was involved in cum-ex deals of customers”.

*


Xinhuanet. 2019-09-11. German Commerzbank searched in connection with tax fraud scandal: report

BERLIN, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) — German authorities are widening their investigations into what might become the biggest tax scandal in German history, the German business newspaper Handelsblatt reported on Tuesday.

According to Handelsblatt, the head office of Commerzbank in Frankfurt was searched in connection to suspected tax fraud, in which the bank was believed to have sold blocks of shares used for illegal cum-ex trading.

The controversial cum-ex deals took advantage of a legal loophole that was closed in Germany in 2012 which enabled participants to obtain multiple refunds on a tax that was only paid once.

According to the latest figures from the German Ministry of Finance, 499 cases with a volume of 5.5 billion euros (6.7 billion U.S. dollars) linked to the cum-ex deals were currently under investigation.

However, the actual tax loss in Germany from cum-ex trading was estimated to be much higher, the German Finance Ministry noted.

On Tuesday, the Cologne public prosecutor´s office confirmed to Handelsblatt that “investigation measures are being carried out today as part of the complex of proceedings surrounding the cum-ex transactions,” without giving further details.

Commerzbank declined to comment on “ongoing investigations” but was fully cooperating with the authorities. “It is in our own interest that this matter be resolved as quickly as possible”, a spokesperson told Handelsblatt.

The business newspaper reported that German investigators suspected that Commerzbank, as a service provider, had not collected any capital taxes itself but had indirectly benefited from the business structure around cum-ex deals.

The first criminal trial against two British investment bankers in the context of the cum-ex deals was opened at the regional court in Bonn at the start of September. The two bankers are accused of having caused tax losses of more than 440 million euros.(1 euro = 1.10 U.S. dollars)

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Germania. La via teutone al debito. Porta ad Aquae Sextiae.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-12.

Incidente contro il muro

La Germania è entrata in depressione, e, se continuasse così, finirebbe come è finita nel 1929.

La sua classe media è stata annichilita: quasi non ce ne è più traccia.

Germania, tutti contro gli investimenti pubblici

«Mentre l’economia tedesca cola a picco da nove mesi, e mentre il governo resta ostinato nell’applicare non solo a noi, ma anche a sé, l’austerità di cui sta morendo – per far fronte alla recessione ha stanziato 50 miliardi di euro, cifra ridicola rispetto al necessario e rispetto alle possibilità di chi ogni anno ha accumulato 250 in esportazioni – ecco che tutti stanno criticando il progetto di Peter Altmaier, il loro ministro all’economia, per far tornare competitiva l’industria tedesca oggi ormai arretrata rispetto a Cina, Giappone, Corea e Stati Uniti.»

«Altmaier ha annunciato che, grazie al suo grandioso progetto “National Industrial Strategy 2030″, emergeranno campioni nazionali ed europei, che potranno competere con Apple, Google e altre società asiatiche”. Ha dunque deciso di stanziare finanziamenti pubblici – eh sì, proprio così – definendo nel programma “in quali casi l’intervento statale può essere eccezionalmente giustificato o addirittura necessario al fine di evitare gravi svantaggi per l’economia nazionale e lo stato nel suo insieme.”»

«Il progetto è stato fortissimamente criticato – da tutte le Confindustrie germaniche.»

«A cominciare dalla maggiore, la BDI (Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie), che rappresenta 40 settori e un migliaio di imprese che occupano 8 milioni di dipendenti.»

«Il ministro federale Peter Altmaier e il Ministero federale dell’economia e dell’energia hanno finora trascurato l’importanza delle PMI per la Germania. Il successo del sistema economico tedesco è dovuto più all’interazione di piccole e medie imprese di successo internazionale che alle grandi società»

«Piuttosto, che il governo federale risolva i problemi “fatti in casa” che penalizzano le piccole industrie, “prezzi dell’energia troppo alti e in aumento, un onere fiscale eccessivo, burocrazia troppo grossa e impicciona, infrastrutture sottosviluppate, scarso sviluppo rurale e mancanza di manodopera qualificata”»

«Le piccole e medie imprese generano più di ogni un euro su due di valore aggiunto netto e creano quasi il 60 percento dei posti di lavoro soggetti a contributi previdenziali. Ben oltre il 90 percento delle domande di brevetto proviene da PMI.»

* * *

«la domanda repressa di investimenti pubblici da città e paesi in tutto il paese è stimata a 138 miliardi di euro”, scrive Reuters»

«Quindi creerà le agenzie che si indebiteranno per conto loro, e il loro debito non comparirà nel bilancio federale – il quale così potrà continuare a fare la lezione ai Paesi indebitati, Italia in primis, obbligandoli a non sforare anche in piena recessione. Naturalmente il fatto che le agenzie tedesche oggi s’indebitano a tassi negativo – ossia che gli investitori vogliono perderci, pur di prestare alla Germania il cui debito appare così “sicuro”, dovrebbe far capire che indebitarsi oggi non solo non costa, ma rende.»

«Ed ecco che la Germania, malata di tirchieria patologica, affronta la crisi recessiva epocale del capitalismo globale – con il freno a mano tirato. Fino ed oltre ai prossimi milioni di disoccupati?»

* * * * * * * * *

Costituire agenzie indipendenti, che si indebitino fino al naso, alla faccia del rapporto debito / pil. Gran bella pensata!

Ecco arrivata un’ottima idea per il nuovo governo rossogiallo.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria

Governo Cinese convoca l’ambasciatore di Germania.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-11.

2019-09-06__Merkel__Pechino__001

Il Governo cinese ha convocato l’ambasciatore tedesco.

Per un fatto analogo Mr Macron aveva ritirato l’ambasciatore da Roma.

«The Chinese Ambassador to Germany said on Wednesday that a recent meeting between the German foreign minister and Hong Kong activist Joshua Wong had sent “very negative signals.”»

«What happened now, I unfortunately have to say, will have negative consequences on bilateral relations and the Chinese side has to react»

«German companies, many of which have been impacted by the ongoing trade war between Beijing and the Washington, traded nearly €100 billion ($109.87 billion) with China in the first half of 2019»

«Wu claimed foreign forces had been involved in the ongoing protests in Hong Kong and reiterated his calls for foreign politicians to back off, saying: “China’s sovereignty and security must be respected. I therefore advise politicians against covering up violent crimes and meddling with Hong Kong’s and China’s internal affairs.”»

«Beijing had repeatedly asked Berlin to deny Wong entry to Germany»

«While in Berlin, Joshua Wong told reporters, “Hong Kong is the new Berlin in a new Cold War,” saying it was the only thing standing between the free world and Chinese authoritarianism»

«In a statement that came just days after Chancellor Angela Merkel told Chinese leaders in Beijing that respect for human rights was “indispensable,” the activist suggested Germany should suspend trade talks with Beijing until human rights issues were put on the agenda»

* * * * * * *

Da fonti cinesi solitamente molto bene informate si apprende che oltre un centinaio di dite cinesi hanno già disdetto contratti in essere con la Germania.


Deutsche Welle. 2019-09-11. China summons German ambassador to Beijing

The Chinese government took action in protest at German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas meeting with pro-democracy activist Joshua Wong. Beijing says it has “sufficient proof” of foreign intervention in Hong Kong.

The Chinese Ambassador to Germany said on Wednesday that a recent meeting between the German foreign minister and Hong Kong activist Joshua Wong had sent “very negative signals.” 

Wu Ken confirmed that Beijing had officially summoned the German ambassador in protest, a fact that was also confirmed by Germany’s Foreign Ministry. 

“What happened now, I unfortunately have to say, will have negative consequences on bilateral relations and the Chinese side has to react,” said Wu.

German companies, many of which have been impacted by the ongoing trade war between Beijing and the Washington, traded nearly €100 billion ($109.87 billion) with China in the first half of 2019. 

Ambassador warns foreign politicians against meddling

Wu claimed foreign forces had been involved in the ongoing protests in Hong Kong and reiterated his calls for foreign politicians to back off, saying: “China’s sovereignty and security must be respected. I therefore advise politicians against covering up violent crimes and meddling with Hong Kong’s and China’s internal affairs.”

Wu also told reporters that Beijing had repeatedly asked Berlin to deny Wong entry to Germany.

The ambassador voiced Beijing’s confidence in the Hong Kong government to carry out its duties.

‘Hong Kong is the new Berlin’

While in Berlin, Joshua Wong told reporters, “Hong Kong is the new Berlin in a new Cold War,” saying it was the only thing standing between the free world and Chinese authoritarianism.

Wong also implored German politicians to cease exporting police equipment to Hong Kong and to publicly condemn police violence against protesters. 

In a statement that came just days after Chancellor Angela Merkel told Chinese leaders in Beijing that respect for human rights was “indispensable,” the activist suggested Germany should suspend trade talks with Beijing until human rights issues were put on the agenda.

Increasingly violent confrontations

Protests in Hong Kong began on March 31, 2019, in opposition to a proposed law that would have made it easier for the central government in Beijing to extradite fugitives to mainland China.

Protesters argued the law would undermine Hong Kong’s autonomy.

Confrontations have escalated over the past five months becoming increasingly violent and eventually forcing the temporary withdrawal of the proposed bill.

Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam was ultimately forced to withdraw it entirely on September 4.

Authorities in Beijing have called the situation “the worst crisis in Hong Kong” since it was returned to China by the United Kingdom in 1997.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Germania. Nel 2017 si sono ridotti a 469,000 i richiedenti asilo con benefit.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-10.

Destatis__001

Destatis comunica che il numero dei richiedenti asilo che godono di benefit è sceso a 728,000 nel 2016 ai 469,000 del 2017: un calo del -36%.


Destatis. Benefits for asylum seekers, 2017: roughly 469,000 people entitled to benefits

WIESBADEN – At the end of 2017, a total of 469,000 people received standard benefits in accordance with the Act on Benefits for Asylum Seekers (AsylbLG). That was a 36% decrease compared with the previous year (728,000 people). The number of recipients went down for the second consecutive time (2015/2016: -25%).

Pubblicato in: Cina, Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Cina, Unione Europea e Germania. La voce della Cina. – Obor

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-10.

Cina

Obor è l’acronimo di One Belt One Road.

Le sue note sono espressione del pensiero del Governo Cinese, anche quando pubblica interventi di esperti non cinesi.

«Merkel has made a U-Turn on China but it May be too Late»

«The chancellor must maintain a hard line, but it comes at a high risk for Germany’s export dependent economy»

«Our China policy had one key component: how can we sell the largest possible number of German automobiles in China»

«The idea that Beijing would adopt more western values and democratic practices proved to be completely wrong»

«With governments from Japan to Canada and Australia taking a harder line on China as President Donald Trump steps up his trade war, Germany to is toughening its policy toward China on matters such as investment or intellectual property. …. But it’s an especially high-risk strategy for Berlin at a time when its export-dependent economy is flirting with recession.»

«But it’s an especially high-risk strategy for Berlin at a time when its export-dependent economy is flirting with recession»

«On the one hand, China is our trading partner, and on the other we have to deal with China as competitor»

«Indicative of that balancing act is Merkel’s approach to the situation in Hong Kong. While her administration urged Beijing to engage in dialogue and respect the rule of law, Merkel has declined an invitation to meet with protesters»

«We are in a difficult position with China: On the one hand, China is our trading partner, and on the other, we have to deal with China as a competitor»

«we have to conclude that we still have massive trade restrictions in China and that we cannot expect any miracles»

«Germany is China’s biggest European trading partner by a long way, with bilateral sales worth some $195 billion last year.»

«Germany is also one of few western countries to run a trade surplus with China, with auto makers such as VW and BMW now more dependent on Chinese sales than those in the U.S.»

«Germany sees a risk that Chinese protectionist sentiment could prevail during the trade war and end what limited reforms have taken place»

«A turning point was the public and political backlash over the takeover of German robot maker Kuka AG by China’s Midea Group Co. in 2016. …. Germany learned from losing one of its industrial pearls and last August for the first time vetoed a potential Chinese takeover, of German machine tool maker Leifeld Metal Spinning AG, angering Beijing in the process.»

«Germany’s dilemma is sharpened by China’s moves to divide the European Union, both through the so-called 16+1 forum with eastern European states and by signing up individual EU members including Malta and Italy to President Xi Jinping’s Belt & Road infrastructure program»

«The upshot is that whereas all 27 member states stood together on Brexit, the EU struggles to speak with one voice on China policy»

«It’s one of the biggest challenges for the EU as a whole and for Germany as a country that now depends as much on China as it used to on the United States»

* * * * * * *

«The idea that Beijing would adopt more western values and democratic practices proved to be completely wrong»

«But it’s an especially high-risk strategy for Berlin at a time when its export-dependent economy is flirting with recession»

Molte persone, anche in parte a ragione, stanno seguendo con cura l’evoluzione politica dell’Unione Europea, della Germania e dell’Italia, ma ben poche stanno tenendo presente quelli che saranno gli effetti di una recessione che presto sconfinerà nella franca depressione economica.

Vir pauper, imago mortis.


Obor News. 2019-09-09. Merkel has made a U-Turn on China but it May be too Late

The chancellor must maintain a hard line, but it comes at a high risk for Germany’s export dependent economy.

As Deputy Foreign Minister, Wolfgang Ischinger had a unique insight into Germany’s friendly approach to Beijing.

“Our China policy had one key component: how can we sell the largest possible number of German automobiles in China,” Ischinger, who now Chairs the Annual Munich Security Conference, recalled in an interview in Berlin.

Since Ischinger’s time in office at the turn of the century, Germany’s view of China has been turned upside down. The idea that Beijing would adopt more western values and democratic practices proved to be completely wrong, he said. If anything, “it’s going in the opposite direction,” he added.

With governments from Japan to Canada and Australia taking a harder line on China as President Donald Trump steps up his trade war, Germany to is toughening its policy toward China on matters such as investment or intellectual property.

But it’s an especially high-risk strategy for Berlin at a time when its export-dependent economy is flirting with recession.

“On the one hand, China is our trading partner, and on the other we have to deal with China as competitor”

As Chancellor Angela Merkel prepares to visit China this week accompanied by a high-ranking business delegation, she faces a particularly delicate set of policy objectives: maintaining that hard line on Beijing while urging a resolution of the trade war and continuing to press for reciprocal access to China’s lucrative market.

According to a Chinese official who asked not to be identified commenting on policy, Trump’s attempts to lobby European leaders such as Merkel to appear to have worked in the short term. Trump has provided a model for world leaders to be globalist in their words and protectionist in their actions, the person said.

Indicative of that balancing act is Merkel’s approach to the situation in Hong Kong. While her administration urged Beijing to engage in dialogue and respect the rule of law, Merkel has declined an invitation to meet with protesters, her spokesman said.

“We are in a difficult position with China: On the one hand, China is our trading partner, and on the other, we have to deal with China as a competitor,” German Deputy Economy Minister Claudia Doerr-Voss said in a speech to industry earlier this year.

“Unfortunately, we have to conclude that we still have massive trade restrictions in China and that we cannot expect any miracles.”

Germany is China’s biggest European trading partner by a long way, with bilateral sales worth some $195 billion last year.

That, plus her sheer political longevity, gives Merkel clout that eludes her European partners: she is making the 12th trip to the Asian giant of her almost 14 years in office. Germany is also one of few western countries to run a trade surplus with China, with auto makers such as VW and BMW now more dependent on Chinese sales than those in the U.S. Still, that reliance is viewed in Berlin as a potential liability as well as an achievement.

As yet, however, there is little evidence that Germany’s position toward China has relaxed as the risk of recession has grown.

Indeed, Germany sees a risk that Chinese protectionist sentiment could prevail during the trade war and end what limited reforms have taken place, said a senior government official who asked not to be named discussing strategy.

At the same time, Germany’s short-term economic fortunes hinge on China and the U.S. resolving their trade dispute, and so Merkel’s government is keen to see a willingness in Beijing to reach a deal, the official said.

How Europe’s exporting giant went from a key China proponent to the leading advocate of a more defiant European stance is both a reflection of Beijing’s rising global power and an indication of how it is wielding that clout. Germany has been a target of China’s ambition, as a focus of Chinese moves to buy up strategic companies as well as at the apex of concerns including cyber security.

A turning point was the public and political backlash over the takeover of German robot maker Kuka AG by China’s Midea Group Co. in 2016.

Germany learned from losing one of its industrial pearls and last August for the first time vetoed a potential Chinese takeover, of German machine tool maker Leifeld Metal Spinning AG, angering Beijing in the process.

Germany’s Dilemma is Sharpened by China’s Moves to Divide the European Union

German Economy Minister Peter Altmaier has pushed an industrial policy of encouraging European champions to better compete against Chinese giants, even though a proposed merger of Siemens and Alstom train units was blocked in Brussels.

There are signs that German industry is in lockstep with the government’s aims.

In January Germany’s industry lobby BDI announced a turnaround in its China strategy, labelling China a “systemic competitor” and arguing that “German industry must prepare itself for this new reality,” while the system of open markets in Europe “must be made more resilient.”

Germany’s dilemma is sharpened by China’s moves to divide the European Union, both through the so-called 16+1 forum with eastern European states and by signing up individual EU members including Malta and Italy to President Xi Jinping’s Belt & Road infrastructure program.

The upshot is that whereas all 27 member states stood together on Brexit, the EU struggles to speak with one voice on China policy.

Still, alongside German legislation to protect companies, the EU has acted to tighten up investment scrutiny, brought in instruments to tackle the dumping of steel and measures to shield IT. China policy is not about to soften under the incoming commission, according to a senior EU official with knowledge of trade issues.

China is angry about the measures, but the EU will hold to its stance even as the economy staggers because it sees a risk China could ramp up exports subsidies, even more, the official said.

For Ischinger, the German diplomat, the priority is developing a more coherent, long-term approach to China. “It’s one of the biggest challenges for the EU as a whole and for Germany as a country that now depends as much on China as it used to on the United States,” he said.

German media group Axel Springer AG, publisher of the newspapers Die Welt and the best-selling Bild tabloid, has meanwhile adopted a China-skeptic tone and is prodding the chancellor to take up the case of the Hong Kong protesters with the Chinese leadership.

For its part, Beijing is shouldering a growing burden of U.S. trade tariffs while being buffeted by the anti-China protests in Hong Kong.

That makes it keener to keep the EU on board with common goals such as multilateralism, said Mikko Huotari, deputy director of the Berlin-based Mercator Institute for China Studies. Given Germany’s importance to China, Merkel’s visit “isn’t simply important for the optics,” he said in a statement.

“The trip comes at an exceptionally tense time for Beijing,” Huotari said.

“The chancellor is travelling to a China that is extremely challenged on multiple fronts politically and economically.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Giustizia

Germania. Il caso Stefan Jagsch.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-10.

CAVALIER-KING__004__

«The National Democratic Party of Germany (German: Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands or NPD) is a  political party in Germany. ….

The NPD also endorses certain beliefs about human nature. NPD leader Udo Voigt states that the philosophy of the NPD differs from both communism and social liberalism in that it acknowledges people as unequal products of their societies and environments, largely governed by what is called natural law.

The NPD calls itself a party of “grandparents and grandchildren” because the 1960s generation in Germany, known for the leftist student movement, strongly opposes the NPD’s policies. The NPD’s economic program promotes social security for Germans and control against plutocracy. They discredit and reject the “liberal-capitalist system”. ….

German officials again tried to outlaw the NPD by submitting a request to the Federal Constitutional Court in 2016. ….

On 17 January 2017, the second senate of the Federal Constitutional Court rejected the attempt to outlaw the party. The reasoning behind the decision was that the NPD’s political significance is virtually nonexistent at both the state and federal levels and that as such, the party had no chance of posing a significant threat to the constitutional order. It was also reasoned that outlawing the party would not change the mindset and political ideology of its members and supporters, who in the event of a ban could simply form a new movement under a different name»

* * * * * * *

Una cosa è l’opposizione politica ed una completamente differente è quella di ordine legale.

Tutte le forze politiche tedesche sono concordi nel definire l’NDP come ‘neo-nazista’, etichetta contrastata dalla Corte Costituzionale Federale, che aveva proibito la soppressione dell’NPD richiesta dai partiti politici.

Quindi, a rigor di termini, l’NDP è un partito legalmente presente in Germania, ed infatti è regolarmente ammesso alle competizioni elettorali ed i suoi membri eletti lo sono a tutti gli effetti legali.

Questo il casus belli.

«Senior politicians in Germany’s ruling parties have voiced anger at the election of a neo-Nazi as mayor of a town in the central state of Hesse»

«Stefan Jagsch of the far-right National Democratic Party (NPD) was elected unanimously by seven councillors in Waldsiedlung, near Frankfurt am Main»

«Mr Jagsch won because no rival stood against him. The small town has about 2,650 residents.»

«”The NPD candidate filled the vacuum,” said Markus Brando, the SPD leader in Altenstadt, which encompasses Waldsiedlung.»

«The NPD has survived efforts to ban it, but is seen as “anti-constitutional”.»

* * * * * * *

Orbene, Mr Stefan Jagsch è stato eletto borgomastro alla unanimità per il semplice motivo che era l’unico candidato. Qualcuno il borgomastro deve ben farlo.

La faccenda è diventata un caso nazionale.

Alcune considerazione sembrerebbero emergere spontanee.

– Il termine ‘neo-nazista’ in Germania è spesso utilizzato dai liberal a mo’ di insulto, senza però la base razionale che corrobori tale definizione.

– Non a caso la Corte Costituzionale Federale ne ha vietato il bando, cosa che sarebbe inspiegabile se l’NPD fosse effettivamente su posizioni nazionalsocialiste.

– A riprova, l’NPD regolarmente è ammesso a partecipare alle elezioni, ed i suoi membri eletti lo sono a tutti gli effetti giuridici.

«The NPD has survived efforts to ban it, but is seen as “anti-constitutional”.»

Questa frase suona sinistra.

I fatti sono stati appurati dalla Corte Costituzionale Federale, motivo per cui la frase ‘is seen as “anti-constitutional”‘ suona come un vero e proprio arbitrio: nessuno dovrebbe permettersi simili fraseologie su ciò che è stato deciso dalla Suprema Corte.

Una cosa è ciò che si è, ed una totalmente differente il modo in cui si è percepiti.

Ma questa è una strada senza sbocco: permettere che la visceralità prevalga sulla ragione e sul legale porta inevitabilmente ad abusi, e l’esclusone dalla competizione politica è il primo passo verso la temuta dittatura.

Il sistema giudiziario tedesco prevede che, sotto le opportune condizioni, si possa riproporre alla Corte Costituzionale Federale un quesito già precedentemente valutato: questa sarebbe l’unica via legale e democratica da seguire.


Bbc. 2019-09-09. German parties outraged as neo-Nazi elected small town mayor

Senior politicians in Germany’s ruling parties have voiced anger at the election of a neo-Nazi as mayor of a town in the central state of Hesse.

Stefan Jagsch of the far-right National Democratic Party (NPD) was elected unanimously by seven councillors in Waldsiedlung, near Frankfurt am Main.

Mr Jagsch won because no rival stood against him. The small town has about 2,650 residents.

The NPD has survived efforts to ban it, but is seen as “anti-constitutional”.

Local councillors representing Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU), its governing partner the centre-left Social Democrats (SPD), and the liberal Free Democrats (FDP) all voted for Mr Jagsch.

“The NPD candidate filled the vacuum,” said Markus Brando, the SPD leader in Altenstadt, which encompasses Waldsiedlung.

But senior party members have condemned the move, with CDU leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer calling for the election to be cancelled. Its secretary-general, Paul Ziemiak, said “the election of a member of a party which pursues anti-constitutional goals is a disgrace”.

SPD Secretary-General Lars Klingbeil tweeted his outrage too: “The SPD has a very clear position: We don’t co-operate with Nazis! Never! That goes for the federal level, regions and districts. The decision in #Altenstadt is incomprehensible and unjustifiable. It must be reversed immediately.”

Mr Jagsch has promised to “work for the interests of the town and continue to work constructively and across parties”.

The main far-right opposition party in Germany is the Alternative for Germany (AfD). The NPD is much smaller and has only won seats in regional assemblies.

In 2017 the German Constitutional Court ruled against a ban on the NPD, saying the party was “anti-constitutional” but did not appear capable of overturning Germany’s democratic order.