Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Europarlamento. Brexit. Gruppo Sovranista 76 (+3), Grüne 67 (-7), S&D 148 (-6).

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-19.

2020-01-17__Europarlamento 001

Lo avevamo preannunciato il 6 gennaio.

Europarlamento. Sorpasso del Gruppo Sovranista su quello Verde.

«Un sorpasso del gruppo sovranista su quello dei Verdi a Strasburgo. L’uscita del Regno Unito dall’Unione europea avrà delle immediate ricadute sul Parlamento europeo scompaginando gli equilibri tra i Paesi e tra le famiglie politiche dell’Eurocamera, una delle prime istituzioni europee a mostrare gli effetti della Brexit»

«Sono 73 gli eurodeputati britannici che dovranno fare le valigie entro la fine di gennaio, cambiando così la composizione del Pe, che passerà dagli attuali 751 seggi a 705»

«I restanti 27 seggi verranno invece ripartiti per 14 paesi, fra cui l’Italia che guadagnerà tre eurodeputati»

* * *

Adesso sono stati pubblicati i dati definitivi.

Boost for Right in post-Brexit EU Parliament

The composition of the European Parliament will tilt towards the right as the centre-right European People’s Party and the far-right Identity and Democracy will gain seats in the post-Brexit assembly.

Meanwhile, the Socialists & Democrats (S&D), the liberal Renew Europe, and the Greens will lose a total of 24 seats.

As UK MEPs leave at the end of January, 73 seats will be up for grabs: 27 of those seats will be re-distributed among 14 member states.

The new assembly will have an overall total of 705 MEPs (with one Catalan MEP not having yet taken his seat).

The remaining 46 seats will be available for potential EU enlargements and for any possible future creation of a transnational lists.

Based on a decision back in 2018 on how to redistribute the seats, taking into account member states’ populations, France and Spain gain five seats, Italy and the Netherlands get three, Ireland will have two more MEPs, and Sweden, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Slovakia, Croatia, Estonia, Poland and Romania will have one extra each from 1 February.

In 10 countries, new MEPs have already been formally elected, but not yet designated. In Spain, the Netherlands, Austria and Denmark only the lists from which the additional members will come have been officially announced, and their EP party-affiliation confirmed.

According to figures published by the European parliament’s think tank on Tuesday (14 January), and based on information gathered from parliamentary groups, the ID will overtake the Greens as the fourth-largest group in the European parliament.

And the European People’s Party (EPP) will gain five seats, with MEPs from Estonia, Ireland, Spain, Italy and Slovakia.

The centre-right group is already the largest in the parliament, and will now surge to a total of 187 seats.

The S&D will in total lose six MEPs as key British Labour party deputies leave, but will be joined by four new MEPs from Spain, France, Romania and Croatia. They will have a new total of 148 seats.

The liberal Renew Europe group will haemorrhage 17 seats as UK’s Liberal Democrats leave – but will gain six MEPs from Denmark, Ireland, Spain, France and the Netherlands.

The far-right ID will become the fourth-largest group. They did not have any UK MEPs, but will receive three more seats from France, Italy and the Netherlands, increasing their overall number to 76.

The Greens, in sinking to the fifth-largest group in the parliament with 68 seats (with one MEP being unable to take up his seat), lose 11 MEPs but gain four from France, Finland, Austria and Sweden.

The European Conservatives and Reformists, which has been the home for the UK Conservatives and recently some Brexit Party MEPs, will lose seven seats and gain three, according to the parliament’s unofficial projection.

New MEPs will come from Spain, Italy and Poland.

According to a parliament source, it remains to be seen if the new Dutch MEP from the Forum von Democratie will join the ECR, which the right-wing populist party has been aligned with in the EU since it first entered the European parliament last year.

The radical left of European United Left/Nordic Green Left will lose one seat with the departure of a Sinn Fein MEP from Northern Ireland.

The non-attached members will lose 27 colleagues from the short-lived Brexit Party of Nigel Farage.

But this slight tilt toward the right does not mean a significant increase for eurosceptic forces.

The EPP and S&D and Renew total decreases from 444 to 432 seats.

The eurosceptic-populist bloc of ID, ECR, and non-attached members (mostly from eurosceptic parties, such as Italy’s Five Star Movement, Greece’s Golden Dawn, Hungary’s Jobbik) will decrease from 191 to 165 MEPs.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Malta mette nei triboli il rule-of-law dell’europarlamento.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-14.

Unione Europea 013

«While Poland’s government is escalating its rule of law crisis by introducing even more drastic measures against the country’s judges, another problem is looming over the EU’s commitment to upholding the rule of law: Malta»

«Ever since the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia and the following investigation – or rather the lack of it, it seems clear that something is foul in the state of Malta»

«The European Parliament demanded that the EU Commission launches a rule of law dialogue, a first step towards an Article 7 procedure that could end in Malta losing voting rights in the EU»

«After two years of standstill, the inquiry jumpstarted last month with shocking revelations concerning the involvement of the members of the Maltese government and a swirl of questions regarding the role of prime minister Joseph Muscat, who declared that he will step down this month.»

«His innocence and his competence in overseeing law enforcement are in doubt»

«Yet, Malta’s problems are not easily comparable to those in Poland and Hungary. They are worse in some respects and better in others»

«It is not a matter of authoritarianism. It is worse, however, because weaknesses in its rule of law and serious problems with corruption at high government levels have resulted in the brazen murder of a journalist»

«On paper, the president appoints the judges and the chief justice of Malta on the basis of advice by the prime minister.

In reality, the president only rubberstamps the prime minister’s picks»

«Despite the recommendations from the EU and Council of Europe’s Venice Commission towards establishing a stronger mechanism towards ensuring checks and balances in judicial appointments, no independent body of judicial self-governance ensures that judges exercise of power over their own matters»

«In Portugal, former prime minister Jose Socrates is facing charges of corruption, even though his own party is in government»

«In the Czech Republic, prime minister Andrej Babis faces investigation»

«In contrast, in Poland, where virtually the entire law enforcement is centred around the minister of Jjustice Zbigniew Ziobro who is also the prosecutor general, investigations into alleged crimes and misdemeanours by politicians from the ruling party are initiated – and then, dropped»

«In Hungary, the misuse of EU’s taxpayers’ money by well-connected people has been pointed out by EU agencies but the Hungarian authorities have not charged any»

«The dialogue might seem as a light measure, but it in fact is the first step on the road to triggering the Article 7 procedure. …. One should not overuse it, as the possibility of ultimately depriving a member state of its vote in the Council is not something to be invoked lightly»

* * * * * * *

Il problema è la nomina dei giudici.

Nella civilissima Germania, per esempio, la Corte Costituzionale è formato da sedici giudici eletti per metà dai membri del Bundestag e per metà dal Bundesrat. La durata della carica è fissata a 12 anni: termina comunque al raggiungimento dell’età di 68 anni.

In Germania non esiste un organo di autogoverno della magistratura affine al CSM italiano. La nomina dei magistrati addetti ai tribunali federali incombe così al Ministro federale competente in materia (Giustizia, Lavoro, Finanze, ecc.). I provvedimenti disciplinari contro giudici e procuratori federali possono essere assunti solo nel caso in cui, a seguito di una richiesta del Bundestag in tal senso, il Tribunale costituzionale abbia accertato un comportamento doloso del singolo magistrato, con decisione presa da almeno i 2/3 dei suoi componenti.

*

Come si vede, i giudici in Germania sono tutti di nomina politica: ogni popolo ha le sue tradizioni anche per le istituzioni giuridiche. Non solo: la politica ha la potestà di rimuovere i giudici.

Ci si domanda, per quale motivo un simile criterio non possa essere seguito anche da altri stati afferenti l’Unione Europea.

*


EuObserver. 2020-01-06. Maltese murder – the next rule-of-law crisis in EU?

While Poland’s government is escalating its rule of law crisis by introducing even more drastic measures against the country’s judges, another problem is looming over the EU’s commitment to upholding the rule of law: Malta.

Ever since the murder of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia and the following investigation – or rather the lack of it, it seems clear that something is foul in the state of Malta.

The European Parliament demanded that the EU Commission launches a rule of law dialogue, a first step towards an Article 7 procedure that could end in Malta losing voting rights in the EU.

It may be too early though.

After two years of standstill, the inquiry jumpstarted last month with shocking revelations concerning the involvement of the members of the Maltese government and a swirl of questions regarding the role of prime minister Joseph Muscat, who declared that he will step down this month.

His innocence and his competence in overseeing law enforcement are in doubt.

Yet, Malta’s problems are not easily comparable to those in Poland and Hungary. They are worse in some respects and better in others.

In contrast to Poland and Hungary, in Malta, no ruling party or government is trying to systematically subjugate the judiciary in order to exert political control over it.

It is not a matter of authoritarianism. It is worse, however, because weaknesses in its rule of law and serious problems with corruption at high government levels have resulted in the brazen murder of a journalist.

Where does that put the European Union? The current toolbox for preventing the backsliding of the rule of law assumes that the EU reacts to ‘systemic’ issues with the rule of law.

Malta has such issues, as the Venice Commission of the Council of Europe already pointed out in December 2018.

It stressed, in particular, the lack of proper checks and balances, stating that “Taking also into account the prime ministers strong position in judicial appointments (…), crucial checks and balances are missing.”

The prime minister holds the bulk of executive power with the president being more akin to his counterpart in Germany. On paper, the president appoints the judges and the chief justice of Malta on the basis of advice by the prime minister.

In reality, the president only rubberstamps the prime minister’s picks. Despite the recommendations from the EU and Council of Europe’s Venice Commission towards establishing a stronger mechanism towards ensuring checks and balances in judicial appointments, no independent body of judicial self-governance ensures that judges exercise of power over their own matters.

Size matters

Malta can solve its legal and institutional challenges, but there is a challenge, which it cannot solve – its size.

With a population just shy of 500,000, it is no bigger than a medium-sized city in Germany or the UK. And in politics, close connections count.

Networks, be it familial, friendly or professional, are dense. When we talk about the judiciary in Poland, we talk about 10,000 judges. Malta has 24 judges, 22 magistrates, and one chief justice.

You can gather the upper echelons of Malta’s three branches of government at a garden party. This level of proximity makes it even more imperative to strengthen institutional checks and balances.

A country that respects the rule of law can prosecute the powerful.

In Portugal, former prime minister Jose Socrates is facing charges of corruption, even though his own party is in government.

In the Czech Republic, prime minister Andrej Babis faces investigation.

In contrast, in Poland, where virtually the entire law enforcement is centred around the minister of Jjustice Zbigniew Ziobro who is also the prosecutor general, investigations into alleged crimes and misdemeanours by politicians from the ruling party are initiated – and then, dropped.

In Hungary, the misuse of EU’s taxpayers’ money by well-connected people has been pointed out by EU agencies but the Hungarian authorities have not charged anybody.

The sudden momentum behind the Galizia case may suggest that Malta can solve its issues by itself after all.

If the European Commission wants to wait a bit longer, it should, however, make it clear to Maltese partners that a swift resolution of criminal cases, together with an overall strengthening of checks and balances in line with the Venice Commission recommendations, is the only way to avoid the start of the pre-Article 7 dialogue.

The dialogue might seem as a light measure, but it in fact is the first step on the road to triggering the Article 7 procedure.

One should not overuse it, as the possibility of ultimately depriving a member state of its vote in the Council is not something to be invoked lightly.

But if Malta will find itself unable to handle the murder of Daphne Caruana Galizia and will thus prove that its constitutional system has indeed eroded to the point where the country is unable to respect the rights of its citizens, entering a rule of law framework dialogue followed by the eventual triggering of the article 7 procedure against Malta would become unavoidable.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal, Unione Europea

Timmermans prende atto che il ‘Clima’ è morto stecchito. Originale il mezzo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-12-17.

Diavolo

I liberal socialisti dell’Unione Europea hanno una fantasia galattica e sottilmente malvagia.

Avevano posto grandiose speranze nella riunione Onu Cop5, fallita in modo definitivo per la mancata adesione di Stati Uniti, Cina, India e Russia alle ardite tesi liberal. Nessun accordo è stato possibile.

Orfani del Cop25, in attesa di un futuribile Cop26, adesso i liberal devono confrontarsi nel parlamento europeo e con la Commissione.

Ben poco possono Herr Timmermans e sodali contro il Consiglio e la Commissione Europea.

Troppo orgogliosi per ammettere la loro sconfitta, si dedicano ad un sport in cui i liberal eccellono: mutare il significato delle parole.

Si sono generati un loro proprio dizionario specifico, che può trarre in inganno qualsiasi Lettore. Per esempio, ‘human rights’ per i liberal indica ciò che la loro ideologia reputa essere tali, anche se il resto del mondo non se ne cale più di tanto.

* * * * * * *

«”Taxonomy”: is the process of naming and classifying things such as animals and plants into groups within a larger system, according to their similarities and differences.».

Il termine equivalente italiano sarebbe tassonomia.

«EU ambassadors have agreed on a slightly-modified version of the EU sustainable investment taxonomy – which aims to clarify which sectors are fully sustainable»

«The previous version was blocked last week by nine countries (France, UK, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia), because they wanted more guarantees regarding “technological neutrality”.»

«Now MEPs will have to decide if the newly agreed council position is strong enough.»

«A classification system for sustainable investments, known as EU taxonomy, is currently being negotiated with the European Parliament by the European Council, which comprises heads of EU states. Following the negotiation, one taxonomy is set to be implemented into all EU legislation»

«The ministers also endorsed the council’s action plan on climate change, which is aimed at reducing carbon emissions across Europe by 2030. To accomplish that, the EU has said it needs an estimated €180 billion ($198 billion) in investments»

«As the voice of the European asset management industry, we support the EU’s political objective to fight climate change and meet the Paris agreement goals, and have been following closely the negotiations on EU taxonomy regulation. (It’s) crucial that investee companies are required to disclose all key data needed to evaluate the investment against the EU taxonomy.»

* * *

«Energia nucleare e gas sono da intendersi come ‘di transizione’, quindi gli investimenti nei settori ad esse associate non vanno considerati ‘verdi’ tout court ma capaci di contribuire a un’economia a emissioni zero»

* * * * * * *

Ricapitoliamo.

– La richiesta di finanziamenti di 180 miliardi euro in dieci anni significa 18 miliardi l’anno, ossia quanto basta a non far morire di fame i liberal socialisti. La richiesta iniziale era stata di 1.300 miliardi….

– Classificandoli come ‘di transizione’ anche nucleare e gas possono legalmente essere sostenuti da fondi europei.

– È in corso la battaglia per l’uso del carbone e, più specificatamente, della lignite. Nessuno dubiterebbe però che a breve un ritocchino della tassonomia lo renda benvenuto e bene accetto.

*


Clima: Paesi Ue, continuiamo negoziato su investimenti verdi

Compromesso su nucleare e gas, è ‘transizione’ a emissioni zero

BRUXELLES – Energia nucleare e gas sono da intendersi come ‘di transizione’, quindi gli investimenti nei settori ad esse associate non vanno considerati ‘verdi’ tout court ma capaci di contribuire a un’economia a emissioni zero. E’ il compromesso tra i paesi Ue su cui si basa il nuovo mandato alla presidenza finlandese per negoziare con l’Europarlamento la classificazione degli investimenti sostenibili (tassonomia). Mercoledì scorso gli Stati Ue avevano bocciato un accordo già raggiunto con l’Eurocamera per disaccordi sul nucleare.

Gli eurodeputati incaricati del negoziato vedranno le carte nelle prossime ore, e stasera decideranno il da farsi. La tassonomia su cui le istituzioni europee stanno discutendo potrebbe avere importanti ricadute economiche e finanziarie, quale primo passo per dare una patente di sostenibilità agli investimenti in determinati settori. La settimana scorsa, nella sua prima conferenza stampa da presidente della Bce a Francoforte, Christine Lagarde, si era detta “dispiaciuta” del naufragio dell’accordo tra Pe e Consiglio

*


EU countries agree on ‘sustainable investment’


EU ambassadors have agreed on a slightly-modified version of the EU sustainable investment taxonomy – which aims to clarify which sectors are fully sustainable. The previous version was blocked last week by nine countries (France, UK, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania and Slovenia), because they wanted more guarantees regarding “technological neutrality”. Now MEPs will have to decide if the newly agreed council position is strong enough.

*


EU finance ministers endorse ‘green’ taxonomy

Officials also pledge to help move private capital toward sustainable investments

Setting their priorities for the coming years, European Union finance ministers endorsed a classification system for sustainable investments and said they would work to direct additional private capital to such investments at an Economic and Financial Affairs Council meeting Thursday.

A classification system for sustainable investments, known as EU taxonomy, is currently being negotiated with the European Parliament by the European Council, which comprises heads of EU states. Following the negotiation, one taxonomy is set to be implemented into all EU legislation.

The EU finance ministers did not provide additional information on how they planned to increase private capital allocated to sustainable investments.

The ministers also endorsed the council’s action plan on climate change, which is aimed at reducing carbon emissions across Europe by 2030. To accomplish that, the EU has said it needs an estimated €180 billion ($198 billion) in investments.

The ministers said they will continue to engage with each other on issues such as sustainable finance, green budgeting, carbon pricing, green taxation and environmentally harmful subsidies.

Responding to the political agreement, Fiona Reynolds, CEO of United Nations Principles for Responsible Investment, said in an emailed comment that the classification system underpins disclosure requirements and bridges the gap between the 2015 Paris Agreements and investment practices.

“The taxonomy will enable investors to determine the proportion of revenue from sustainable economic activities financed by the investment portfolio,” Ms. Reynolds said. “The taxonomy will also support active ownership efforts: Investors and companies can use the taxonomy to identify future growth opportunities.”

Tanguy van de Werve, director general of European Fund Management Association, said in an emailed comment: “As the voice of the European asset management industry, we support the EU’s political objective to fight climate change and meet the Paris agreement goals, and have been following closely the negotiations on EU taxonomy regulation. (It’s) crucial that investee companies are required to disclose all key data needed to evaluate the investment against the EU taxonomy.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Unione Europea

L’industria tedesca si vede minacciata dagli obiettivi climatici dell’UE.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-12-12.

Manicomio 001

La reazione tedesca è salace.

«Secondo Ursula von der Leyen, l'”European Green Deal” sarà nientemeno che lo sbarco sulla luna in Europa.»

«”La Commissione europea vuole rendere l’Europa neutrale dal punto di vista climatico entro il 2050 – e i dirigenti si lamentano e si lamentano.»

«Ursula von der Leyen non può essere accusata di aver passato una quantità esagerata di tempo a familiarizzare con il suo nuovo lavoro»

«ci si sarebbe potuto aspettare che il passaggio al lavoro ufficiale fosse inizialmente meno guidato dai titoli dei giornali»

«L’industria tedesca si vede minacciata dagli obiettivi climatici dell’UE»

«Il Presidente della Commissione europea Ursula von der Leyen vuole fissare obiettivi climatici ambiziosi con un “Green Deal”»

«Occorre più tempo – le industrie e i posti di lavoro sono a rischio.»

«Germania come paese automobilistico, l’industria tedesca si è ora posizionata in modo eccezionalmente chiaro.»

* * *

«L’industria tedesca si sente minacciata dal “Green Deal” dell’Unione europea»

«Siamo in grado di realizzare un cambiamento strutturale, ma certo non possiamo realizzare una spaccatura strutturale»

«Questo perché un processo di cambiamento ha bisogno di più tempo, aggiunge Denner, “se lo si induce dogmaticamente tra capo e collo, l’industria non riuscirà a sostenerlo”»

«la nuova presidente della Commissione rischia di aprire “un duro conflitto” con l’industria del suo Paese. Anche il capo della Confindustria tedesca (Bdi), Dieter Kempf, ha avvertito che le misure climatiche così rigide porterebbe “a crescenti incertezze dei consumatori e delle aziende”, oltretutto “continui innalzamenti degli obiettivi sono un veleno per investimenti di lungo termine”»

«la capacità di gestire il futuro dell’Europa non dipende solamente dagli obiettivi ecologici del Green Deal»

«gli investimenti necessari per la difesa del clima devono essere compatibili con una industria competitiva e vogliosa di innovazione»

* * * * * * *

È tipico dei nordici, dei tedeschi in particolare, formulare piani così grandiosi da confondersi con deliri schizofrenici.

Ma i numeri sono numeri e la realtà è la realtà.

In passato si erano messi in testa di essere la razza dominante e, per questo, di poter dominare il mondo. Ci pensarono gli alleati e l’armata rossa: i pochi tornati dalla prigionia in Siberia non avevano più quegli schiribizzi per la testa.

La von der Leyen ha prospettato un piano grandioso, come le costruzioni delle piramidi egiziane.

Timmermans aveva richiesto un minimo di 1,300 miliardi, tanto per cominciare.

La von der Leyen, con susseguo, dice che già i cento miliardi sarebbero l’equivalente ai fondi per sbarcare sulla luna.

C’è un che di presa per i fondi in quelle parole. 3.7 miliardi per ogni singolo stato dell’Unione.

* * * * * * *

La recessione europea c’è, ed è sotto gli occhi di tutti. L’Spd all’11% dovrebbe bene insegnare qualcosa.

Quindi avanti con questa farsa: finirà come finì a suo tempo l’estremo tentativo della controffensiva nelle Ardenne.

*


Von der Leyens Mondlandung

«Als EU-Kommissionschefin Ursula von der Leyen ihren “European Green Deal” präsentiert, mangelt es nicht an historischen Vergleichen. Aber hat das ehrgeizige Projekt überhaupt eine Chance?

Nein, kleiner macht sie es nicht. Der “European Green Deal”, so sagt Ursula von der Leyen, werde nicht weniger sein als Europas Mondlandung. Die neue Kommissionschefin steht in der Presseecke des Berlaymont-Gebäudes, des mächtigen Hauptquartiers der EU-Kommission, und spricht ein paar Sätze in die Fernsehkameras. Eben haben ihre Kommissare das umfangreiche Vorhabenpapier zum Klimaschutz verabschiedet, gleich wird die Präsidentin ins Europaparlament eilen, um dort für ihre Ideen zu werben. Dazwischen: fünf Minuten wie aus der Werbesendung.»

*


Die Natur schickt keine Unterhändler

«Die EU-Kommission will Europa bis 2050 klimaneutral machen – und die Manager klagen und jammern. Dabei könnten sie gerade jetzt beweisen, was die deutsche Industrie leisten kann.

Man kann Ursula von der Leyen nicht nachsagen, dass sie sich mit der Einarbeitung in ihren neuen Job übertrieben lange Zeit gelassen hätte. Nach dem langen und intensiven Ringen um die Wahl der neuen EU-Kommission hätte man durchaus erwarten können, dass die Hinwendung zur Sacharbeit erst einmal weniger schlagzeilenträchtig verläuft.»

*


Deutsche Industrie sieht sich durch EU-Klimaziele bedroht

«EU-Kommissionschefin Ursula von der Leyen will mit einem “Green Deal” ambitionierte Klimaziele festschreiben, doch die deutsche Industrie protestiert: Man brauche mehr Zeit – Branchen und Arbeitsplätze seien gefährdet.

Strengere Vorgaben zum Klimaschutz sollen der Erde eine Zukunft geben – doch was bedeutet das für Wohlstand und Arbeitsplätze? Baden-Württembergs grüner Ministerpräsident Winfried Kretschmann warnte im Sommer im SWR: “Ich habe keine Lust, dass wir das Ruhrgebiet der Zukunft werden.” In diesem Spannungsfeld zwischen Verzicht, Niedergang und grünem Wachstum im Autoland Deutschland hat sich die deutsche Industrie nun außergewöhnlich deutlich positioniert.»

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Cop25. Von der Leyen all’attacco sul clima in attesa dell’11 dicembre.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-12-06.

Unione Europea

Quello del ‘clima’ è stato il più gigantesco business mai messo in campo nella storia.

In estrema sintesi, indicando nelle variazioni climatiche un futuro pericolo di vita o di morte, la componente liberal democratica negli Stati Uniti e quella liberal socialista nell’Unione Europea hanno invocato colossali investimenti pubblici, destinati a sovvenzionare a fondo perso gli ambienti e le imprese liberal, e, ovviamente, il personale delle medesime.

Nel 2016 proprio quando tutti i governi liberal occidentali avevano sottoscritto gli Accordi di Parigi sul ‘clima’, l’elezione di Mr Trump a presidente degli Stati Uniti ed i crolli dei partiti liberal tradizionali in Europa sconvolsero l’assetto politico occidentale. Come risultato, Stati Uniti e Brasile revocarono tale Accordo, e Francia e Germania diventarono molto più tiepidi in materia. In Francia il partito socialista era crollato al 6% ed in Germania la Große Koalition perse nel breve volgere di qualche anno oltre la metà del consenso popolare.

Quindi, mentre l’economia americana, cinese, indiana e russa continuavano a prosperare, l’Unione Europea piombò in una severa recessione economica, con contrazione del comparto produttivo.

A seguito di codesti eventi, i sostenitori del ‘clima’ si ritrovarono senza sostanziale appoggio politico e preclusi all’accesso ai fondi che avevano preventivato poter usufruire. Ma senza cospicui fondi pubblici il ‘clima’ è destinato a morte sicura.

Europarlamento. Approvato il budget 2020. Roba da miserabili. 168.7 mld.

Eurozona. Ecb. don Chiscotte carica i mulini a vento. Riserve valutarie scese a 816.49 mld.

* * *

La componente liberal socialista dell’europarlamento non sa darsi pace, non sa rassegnarsi all’evidenza dei fatti. Senza quei denari è morta.

«About 200 heads of government and state and more than 25,000 delegates from all over the world, will gather at the UN climate conference (COP25) on Monday (2 December) to address the challenges of the climate change»

«Establishing rules for carbon markets and finding a common time frame will be the priorities for COP25. “In the crucial 12 months ahead, it is essential that we secure more ambitious national commitments – particularly from the main emitters – to immediately start reducing greenhouse gas emissions at a pace consistent to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050,”»

«The negotiations will focus on article six of the 2015 Paris Agreement, referring to the regulation of carbon markets system that is set to help countries decarbonise their economies at lower cost – this is the last section of the rulebook which remains unresolved»

«The COP25 will take place days after the European Union collectively declared a “climate emergency” and three weeks after Donald Trump confirmed the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement …. »

«However, the lack of agreement might undermine the entire accord and even lead to an increase in emissions»

* * *

«The “set of deeply transformative policies” that appear in a draft document of the new climate EU law – seen by EUobserver – have not convinced environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which believes that the new European Commission’s proposals are “too weak, half-baked or missing altogether”»

«The incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, is expected to present the draft of this new environmental EU law to the MEPs in an extraordinary plenary session that will take place in Brussels on 11 December»

«According to the leaked document, the commission “will present a comprehensive plan on how to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to at least 50 percent and towards 55 percent” by October 2020. …. This follows the declaration of a global “climate emergency” by MEPs on Thursday and their agreement to cut 55 percent of emissions by 2030 to ensure climate neutrality by 2050»

« This has triggered some MEPs and environmental groups to demand more ambitious targets from the Green Deal and the future first legally-binding climate law in Europe»

* * *

«’Diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale’. …. Parte subito all’attacco sul fronte clima la nuova presidente della Commissione europea, Ursula von der Leyen: “Dobbiamo essere ambiziosi e all’avanguardia e diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale”.»

«Il primo vero banco di prova per la politica ‘green’ dell’Europa sarà comunque il vertice Ue in programma a Bruxelles per il 12 e 13 dicembre prossimi»

* * * * * * *

Germania. Damler annuncia altri 10,000 licenziamenti.

Bloomberg. La devoluzione, agonia travagliata della socialdemocrazia.

Automotive. In arrivo raffiche di licenziamenti, anche in Italia.

Europa. Rigurgita liquidità in vigile attesa. Oltre 10,000 miliardi. Il tappo sono i governi.

Eurozona. Ecb. don Chiscotte carica i mulini a vento. Riserve valutarie scese a 816.49 mld.

*

Né ci si illuda che in futuro le cose possano migliorare.

Pil 2018 – 2022. – Previsioni dell’IMF. Grandi sorprese in arrivo.

«Nel 2022 la Cina è proiettata ad un pil ppa di 34,465 miliardi di Usd, gli Stati Uniti di 23,505, e l’India di 15,262 Usd. La Germania è stimata a 4.9 trilioni Usd e la Francia a 3.4»

Senza denari non si va da nessuna parte e l’Unione Europea deve rassegnarsi al fatto di essere quota residuale dl pil mondiale. Il resto del mondo viaggia a carbone, ed alla grande.

*


EU’s new Green Deal slammed as ‘half-baked’ before launch.

The “set of deeply transformative policies” that appear in a draft document of the new climate EU law – seen by EUobserver – have not convinced environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which believes that the new European Commission’s proposals are “too weak, half-baked or missing altogether”.

The incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, is expected to present the draft of this new environmental EU law to the MEPs in an extraordinary plenary session that will take place in Brussels on 11 December.

However, according to Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace, “responding to the climate and ecological crises require a fundamental rethink of the economic system that for decades has rewarded pollution, environmental destruction and human exploitation”.

“This plan barely scratches the surface,” she said.

According to the leaked document, the commission “will present a comprehensive plan on how to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to at least 50 percent and towards 55 percent” by October 2020.

This follows the declaration of a global “climate emergency” by MEPs on Thursday and their agreement to cut 55 percent of emissions by 2030 to ensure climate neutrality by 2050.

“I will be vigilant to ensure that the political proposals made in the coming weeks are in line with the urgency to find common solutions to the unfolding climate and environmental crisis, particularly in the context of the European commission’s communication on the Green Deal early December,” liberal MEP Pascal Canfin said on Thursday. He chairs the parliament’s committee on environment, public health and food safety (ENVI).

Given that scientists estimate that the world is currently heading for a 3.2 degrees temperature rise, global greenhouse-gas emissions need to fall at least by 7.6 percent each year between 2020 and 2030 to keep global temperatures as close as possible to 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels – the main goal of the 2016 UN Paris Agreement.

Thus, the EU’s proposal to increase the targets to 50 percent or 55 percent, compared to 1990, would not be in line with the Paris Agreement objectives.

‘Incoherent legislation’

This has triggered some MEPs and environmental groups to demand more ambitious targets from the Green Deal and the future first legally-binding climate law in Europe.

The Greens are calling for a target of at least 65 percent, while the leftist group GUE/NGL believes that to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, emissions should be reduced by 70 percent in 10 years.

Greenpeace and other environmental organisations agree with an at least 65 percent emission cut by 2030.

The new commission promises to eliminate “incoherent legislation that reduces the effectiveness in delivering the Green Deal”.

This will include an “action plan on green financing” – which is scheduled to be submitted in June 2020.

Among the financial measures, the commission wants to push negotiations for a high climate and environmental ambition within the next multi-annual financial framework (MFF) – which is likely to keep funding fossil fuel projects – to support the European Investment Bank’s transformation to become Europe’s ‘Climate Bank’, or to revise the Energy Taxation Directive.

However, there is no mention of a possible tax on aviation fuel (kerosene tax), which the incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, recently backed.

The next commissioner for transport, Adina Vălean, suggested earlier this month during her hearing that such a taxation “will be a burden on the mobility of people”.

There is also no mention of the announced carbon border tax on imports – which would protect EU companies forced to comply with tough greenhouse gas rules.

Transport

The new legislation also promises a shift towards “smart and safe zero-emission mobility,” supporting the shift from road and aviation to rail and deploying alternative infrastructure and fuels.

Likewise, the commission will adopt “a comprehensive strategy for sustainable and smart mobility by 2020” addressing all sources of emissions from the transport sector, proposing to incorporate the maritime sector in the EU emission trading scheme, but also “assess the possibility of including road transport emissions”.

Additionally, von der Leyen’s team will try to ensure high environmental and climate ambition in the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), since the CAP is seen as one of the most important mechanisms to both support and green environmental and climate action in the agricultural sector – one of the world’s most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions.

“The climate does not negotiate and the longer we wait to make the necessary changes in our economy, the more difficult and expensive it will be. Declaring an emergency is just not good enough,” said Greenpeace EU climate policy adviser Sebastian Mang.

*


COP25 talks open in Madrid, with focus on carbon market

About 200 heads of government and state and more than 25,000 delegates from all over the world, will gather at the UN climate conference (COP25) on Monday to negotiate on a carbon market system and establish a common time frame.

About 200 heads of government and state and more than 25,000 delegates from all over the world, will gather at the UN climate conference (COP25) on Monday (2 December) to address the challenges of the climate change.

Establishing rules for carbon markets and finding a common time frame will be the priorities for COP25.

“In the crucial 12 months ahead, it is essential that we secure more ambitious national commitments – particularly from the main emitters – to immediately start reducing greenhouse gas emissions at a pace consistent to reaching carbon neutrality by 2050,” said UN secretary-general António Guterres on Sunday.

The negotiations will focus on article six of the 2015 Paris Agreement, referring to the regulation of carbon markets system that is set to help countries decarbonise their economies at lower cost – this is the last section of the rulebook which remains unresolved.

Governments are also set to update their national contributions plans to reduce greenhouse gas emissions – that they can formally express throughout 2020.

Most of the national climate plans include the use of carbon markets to achieve emissions reductions with different mechanisms, meaning that governments and private sectors can trade emissions reductions.

However, the lack of agreement might undermine the entire accord and even lead to an increase in emissions.

The World Meteorological Organization announced last month that greenhouse gas concentrations reached their highest recorded level in 2018 and the UN warned that the world is currently heading towards a 3.2 degrees temperature rise from pre-industrial levels.

The president of the new commission, Ursula von der Leyen, wants Europe “to become the first climate-neutral content.”

However, a new UN environment programme report released this week concluded that global greenhouse-gas emissions need to fall at least by 7.6 percent each year between 2020 and 2030 to keep temperature rises as close as possible to just 1.5 degrees.

Under that scenario, the EU’s proposal to increase the targets to 50 percent or 55 percent, compared to 1990, would not be in line with the Paris Agreement objectives to keep global temperatures under 1.5 degrees.

However, a lot depends on G20 countries, who account for around 78 percent of global emissions.

The UN conference will also pave the way for next year’s COP26 summit in Glasgow when countries are expected to boost the climate commitments they made in 2015 in Paris.

Venue moved twice

The COP25 was initially scheduled to be held in Brazil. But It was moved to Chile after the Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro was widely criticised by environmentalists for his policies on the Amazon region.

However, following violent protests and civil unrest in Chile, the government announced at the end of October that the country was ceding the hosting of the UN climate conference to Spain, although Chile remains overall in charge of COP25.

The COP25 will take place days after the European Union collectively declared a “climate emergency” and three weeks after Donald Trump confirmed the United States’ withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.

According to a statement, the US will have a diplomatic team but no senior members of Donald Trump’s administration at the COP25.

“The United States will continue to participate in ongoing climate change negotiations and meetings – such as COP25 – to ensure a level playing field that protects US interests,” the US State Department said on Saturday.

The Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) has also voiced its concerns about the risks of small island and low-lying coastal states whose future might depend on national plans of industrialised countries.

However, according to Spain’s minister for the ecological transition, Teresa Ribera, “COP25 will reaffirm that multilateralism is the best tool to solve global challenges such as climate change”.

*

Von der Leyen all’attacco sul clima, domani a Cop25

‘Diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale’.

Parte subito all’attacco sul fronte clima la nuova presidente della Commissione europea, Ursula von der Leyen: “Dobbiamo essere ambiziosi e all’avanguardia e diventare nel 2050 il primo continente climaticamente neutrale”. Appena preso ufficialmente possesso del suo ufficio al tredicesimo piano del palazzo Berlaymont, il quartier generale dell’esecutivo europeo, von der Leyen ha sottolineato che “tutti sanno quanto sia urgente” intervenire contro i cambiamenti climatici per avviare quell’inversione di tendenza che avrà bisogno di “una generazione” per dare frutti.

“E’ nell’interesse comune fare il massimo”, ha detto poi con il pensiero rivolto ai Paesi meno entusiasti come la Polonia. “I fenomeni meteorologici di questi ultimi due anni non sono nuovi, ma mai erano stati così intensi e frequenti”. Certo la strada non sarà in discesa, viste le resistenze di giganti come Usa e India, ma anche di partner europei. Ma fin da domani a Madrid, dove si apre la Cop25, la nuova presidente della Commissione parlerà dell’emergenza clima con diversi colleghi.

Perché, ha ribadito von der Leyen, il News Green Deal Ue che sarà presentato all’Europarlamento mercoledì 11 dicembre sarà al centro della strategia geopolitica e di sviluppo economico dell’Unione. Il primo vero banco di prova per la politica ‘green’ dell’Europa sarà comunque il vertice Ue in programma a Bruxelles per il 12 e 13 dicembre prossimi. Intanto oggi la nuova stagione Ue, apertasi formalmente con l’insediamento di von der Leyen, Charles Michel (Consiglio Europeo) e di Christine Lagarde (Bce) è stata celebrata con una cerimonia organizzata dal presidente dell’Europarlamento, David Sassoli, per ricordare i dieci anni del Trattato di Lisbona.

Un accordo meno ambizioso della Costituzione europea bocciata da referendum nazionali, ma che ha comunque sancito un importante “rafforzamento della democrazia rappresentativa” a livello dell’Unione, come ha ricordato Sassoli. Il quale ha sottolineato anche come sia arrivato il momento di “trasformare le promesse in realtà” per rispondere alle attese dei cittadini. Ed anche Lagarde ha posto l’accento sulla necessità di passare da una fase di “riparazione”, come quella vissuta negli ultimi dieci anni, a una di “rinnovamento e speranza” per rispondere ai profondi cambiamenti – economici, tecnologici e climatici – intervenuti in questo lasso di tempo.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

EU. La recessione sbriciola il New Green Deal di Mr Timmermans.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-12-03.

Unione Europea

«In the long run we are all dead». Sir Maynard Keynes.


È tipico delle dittature e dei superbi reputarsi eterni. Lenin parlava di comunista eterno, Mussolini dell’era fascista,  Hitler di un Reich millenario. Sono durati 70 anni, 20 anni e dodici anni, rispettivamente.

I sostenitori del ‘clima‘ non son certo da meno. Più modestamente fanno programmi al 2050, ossia di qui a trenta anni, quando quasi tutti gli attuali leader saranno due metri sotto terra.

Ma i loro programmi stanno incontrando un convitato di pietra: la crisi recessiva che coinvolge l’Unione Europea li sta vanificando per la semplice mancanza di fondi.

«Vir pauper imago mortis»

*

Europarlamento. Approvato il budget 2020. Roba da miserabili. 168.7 mld.

Eurozona. Ecb. don Chiscotte carica i mulini a vento. Riserve valutarie scese a 816.49 mld.

Solo per paragone, le riserve valutarie russe ammontavano a 542.7 miliardi Usd a tutto il 26 novembre.

Con un budget di 168.7 miliardi e riserve valutarie di 816.9 miliardi mancano i soldi anche solo per vivere, figurarsi poi per il resto.

Alla luce di questi pochi ma significativi dati, tutto il fiume di parole che sono dette sul ‘clima’ si riducono ad un esercizio dialettico volto a rincuorare le truppe.

«EU’s new Green Deal slammed as ‘half-baked’ before launch»

*

«The “set of deeply transformative policies” that appear in a draft document of the new climate EU law – seen by EUobserver – have not convinced environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which believes that the new European Commission’s proposals are “too weak, half-baked or missing altogether”»

«The incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, is expected to present the draft of this new environmental EU law to the MEPs in an extraordinary plenary session that will take place in Brussels on 11 December»

«However, according to Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace, “responding to the climate and ecological crises require a fundamental rethink of the economic system that for decades has rewarded pollution, environmental destruction and human exploitation”. …. This plan barely scratches the surface»

«According to the leaked document, the commission “will present a comprehensive plan on how to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to at least 50 percent and towards 55 percent” by October 2020»

«This follows the declaration of a global “climate emergency” by MEPs on Thursday and their agreement to cut 55 percent of emissions by 2030 to ensure climate neutrality by 2050»

«I will be vigilant to ensure that the political proposals made in the coming weeks are in line with the urgency to find common solutions to the unfolding climate and environmental crisis, particularly in the context of the European commission’s communication on the Green Deal early December»

«This will include an “action plan on green financing” – which is scheduled to be submitted in June 2020»

«Among the financial measures, the commission wants to push negotiations for a high climate and environmental ambition within the next multi-annual financial framework (MFF) – which is likely to keep funding fossil fuel projects – to support the European Investment Bank’s transformation to become Europe’s ‘Climate Bank’, or to revise the Energy Taxation Directive»

«The next commissioner for transport, Adina Vălean, suggested earlier this month during her hearing that such a taxation “will be a burden on the mobility of people”.»

«There is also no mention of the announced carbon border tax on imports – which would protect EU companies forced to comply with tough greenhouse gas rules»

«von der Leyen’s team will try to ensure high environmental and climate ambition in the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), since the CAP is seen as one of the most important mechanisms to both support and green environmental and climate action in the agricultural sector – one of the world’s most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions»

* * * * * * *

Con dicembre la vecchia Commissione se ne va e le subentra la nuova, quella della von der Leyen.

Cambiano i suonatori, ma resta la melodia di fondo: non ci sono risorse disponibili.

*

EU Observer. 2019-12-01. EU’s new Green Deal slammed as ‘half-baked’ before launch

The “set of deeply transformative policies” that appear in a draft document of the new climate EU law – seen by EUobserver – have not convinced environmental NGOs, such as Greenpeace, which believes that the new European Commission’s proposals are “too weak, half-baked or missing altogether”.

The incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, is expected to present the draft of this new environmental EU law to the MEPs in an extraordinary plenary session that will take place in Brussels on 11 December.

However, according to Franziska Achterberg of Greenpeace, “responding to the climate and ecological crises require a fundamental rethink of the economic system that for decades has rewarded pollution, environmental destruction and human exploitation”.

“This plan barely scratches the surface,” she said.

According to the leaked document, the commission “will present a comprehensive plan on how to increase the EU’s greenhouse gas emission reduction target for 2030 to at least 50 percent and towards 55 percent” by October 2020.

This follows the declaration of a global “climate emergency” by MEPs on Thursday and their agreement to cut 55 percent of emissions by 2030 to ensure climate neutrality by 2050.

“I will be vigilant to ensure that the political proposals made in the coming weeks are in line with the urgency to find common solutions to the unfolding climate and environmental crisis, particularly in the context of the European commission’s communication on the Green Deal early December,” liberal MEP Pascal Canfin said on Thursday. He chairs the parliament’s committee on environment, public health and food safety (ENVI).

Given that scientists estimate that the world is currently heading for a 3.2 degrees temperature rise, global greenhouse-gas emissions need to fall at least by 7.6 percent each year between 2020 and 2030 to keep global temperatures as close as possible to 1.5ºC above pre-industrial levels – the main goal of the 2016 UN Paris Agreement.

Thus, the EU’s proposal to increase the targets to 50 percent or 55 percent, compared to 1990, would not be in line with the Paris Agreement objectives.

‘Incoherent legislation’

This has triggered some MEPs and environmental groups to demand more ambitious targets from the Green Deal and the future first legally-binding climate law in Europe.

The Greens are calling for a target of at least 65 percent, while the leftist group GUE/NGL believes that to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, emissions should be reduced by 70 percent in 10 years.

Greenpeace and other environmental organisations agree with an at least 65 percent emission cut by 2030.

The new commission promises to eliminate “incoherent legislation that reduces the effectiveness in delivering the Green Deal”.

This will include an “action plan on green financing” – which is scheduled to be submitted in June 2020.

Among the financial measures, the commission wants to push negotiations for a high climate and environmental ambition within the next multi-annual financial framework (MFF) – which is likely to keep funding fossil fuel projects – to support the European Investment Bank’s transformation to become Europe’s ‘Climate Bank’, or to revise the Energy Taxation Directive.

However, there is no mention of a possible tax on aviation fuel (kerosene tax), which the incoming commissioner for the Green Deal, Frans Timmermans, recently backed.

The next commissioner for transport, Adina Vălean, suggested earlier this month during her hearing that such a taxation “will be a burden on the mobility of people”.

There is also no mention of the announced carbon border tax on imports – which would protect EU companies forced to comply with tough greenhouse gas rules.

Transport

The new legislation also promises a shift towards “smart and safe zero-emission mobility,” supporting the shift from road and aviation to rail and deploying alternative infrastructure and fuels.

Likewise, the commission will adopt “a comprehensive strategy for sustainable and smart mobility by 2020” addressing all sources of emissions from the transport sector, proposing to incorporate the maritime sector in the EU emission trading scheme, but also “assess the possibility of including road transport emissions”.

Additionally, von der Leyen’s team will try to ensure high environmental and climate ambition in the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), since the CAP is seen as one of the most important mechanisms to both support and green environmental and climate action in the agricultural sector – one of the world’s most significant sources of greenhouse gas emissions.

“The climate does not negotiate and the longer we wait to make the necessary changes in our economy, the more difficult and expensive it will be. Declaring an emergency is just not good enough,” said Greenpeace EU climate policy adviser Sebastian Mang.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Von der Leyen. Una scivolosa strada tutta in salita.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-11-29.

2019-11-30__Eurozona Industria 001

Von der Leyen la Commissione Europea sono state approvate dall’europarlamento ed entreranno in funzione tra pochi giorni. È stata una corsa ad ostacoli, ma alla fine è arrivata in porto a seguito di una lunga serie di accordi, forse sarebbe meglio dire compromessi. Il fatto che l’approvazione sia avvenuta a larga maggioranza non significa però che questa risultati essere coesa:nei fatti la von der Leyen dovrà trovarsi maggioranze

«Today, a majority of MEPs decided to give the green-light to the new von der Leyen Commission»

«About 65% of MEPs backed the new College of Commissioners, whereas only 22% of Parliamentarians voted against von der Leyen»

«However, if you think von der Leyen’s life will be any easier after clearing this major hurdle, you might want to reconsider: the biggest challenges are yet to come, as the latest trends show that coalition building on EU policy initiatives is going to be more difficult than ever»

«Only fringe forces such as left-wing GUE/NGL, right-wing ID and few other MEPs decided to vote against the new leadership of the Commission»

«EU Parliamentarians managed to obtain significant concessions from the new Commission President, such as the promise of providing the EP with de facto powers of legislative initiative»

* * * * * * *

Però, se conquistare è difficile, ancor più è il saper conservare le conquiste fatte.

A seguito un minimo elenco per punti, non esaustivo, ma davvero ben pesante.

«Weak majorities in the EP for some of her landmark proposals, such as a European Unemployment Reinsurance Scheme (her own political party – German CDU – voted against it in the European Parliament).»

«Increasing assertiveness of individual Member States, notably Poland and Hungary, which are fighting against several political initiatives proposed by their fellow Western partners (in particular on migration, environment, rule of law, deeper political integration, etc.).»

«Slow progress on issues that Member States tend to address as a zero-sum game, in particular on the Eurozone (indebted countries vs the rest) and the budget (net contributors vs net beneficiaries).»

«Macron’s geopolitical positioning, in particular with regards to his bid to make the EU less reliant on NATO, improve relations with Iran and Russia, and skepticism on EU enlargement»

«The need to address rising political polarization, by delivering on some of the topics that are on top of the EU agenda, such as migration and the environment»

«The widening rift with the Anglosphere, as showcased by Brexit and the fraught EU relationship with US President Donald Trump»

* * * * * * *

In estrema sintesi, i problemi dell’Unione Europea sono espressi dalla tabella riportata. La produzione industriale sta lasciando l’Unione Europea.

*


Von der Leyen gets the green light, but the biggest challenges are yet to come

Today, a majority of MEPs decided to give the green-light to the new von der Leyen Commission. About 65% of MEPs backed the new College of Commissioners, whereas only 22% of Parliamentarians voted against von der Leyen. This means that, after a difficult process, the new legislative cycle can finally start. However, if you think von der Leyen’s life will be any easier after clearing this major hurdle, you might want to reconsider: the biggest challenges are yet to come, as the latest trends show that coalition building on EU policy initiatives is going to be more difficult than ever.

The increased level of support for von der Leyen is not surprising (compared to last July), as the main political groups in the European Parliament had no interest in keeping the European Commission hostage for too long. This explain why the political families that are represented in the new college of Commissioners (EPP, S&D, Renew Europe and the Polish members of ECR) cohesively threw their weight behind von der Leyen, while other governing forces such as the Italian 5 Star Movement also voted in favour, as expected. The new Commission could also count on the benevolent abstention of the Greens/EFA group, which was initially rather critical of the new President. Only fringe forces such as left-wing GUE/NGL, right-wing ID and few other MEPs decided to vote against the new leadership of the Commission. Click here for more details on how each MEP voted.

However, this enlarged majority only comes after a prolonged limbo in which von der Leyen has done her best to woo critical MEPs. The newly elected Parliamentarians previously showed the new President (and the Member States) that they are not afraid of confrontation, by providing her with a narrow majority in the first place and rejecting three Commissioner-nominees. EU Parliamentarians managed to obtain significant concessions from the new Commission President, such as the promise of providing the EP with de facto powers of legislative initiative. In other words, the Commission commits to follow up on EP non-legislative resolutions by putting forward dedicated legislative proposals. If properly implemented, this new mechanism would significantly strengthen the political leverage of the legislative chamber. All of these developments contributed to smooth the opposition to the new Commission among MEPs. 

Still, trouble lies ahead, as the new Commission will have to face a significant, perhaps even unprecedented, number of political challenges. The following is a non-exhaustive list of issues that are likely to generate quite a few headaches in the Berlaymont:

Weak majorities in the EP for some of her landmark proposals, such as a European Unemployment Reinsurance Scheme (her own political party – German CDU – voted against it in the European Parliament). During the previous term, we already observed very tight majorities on some of the most disputed proposals by the Commission, such as those on digital copyright, the mobility package and the coordination of social security systems. This trend is likely to continue, as majority-building has become more difficult after the elections. In some cases, particular opposition is likely to be found within the Council, such as with the bid to lift unanimity requirements on taxation policy. Since opposition to EU tax harmonization is concentrated among smaller Member States (such as Ireland, Malta, etc.), convincing these countries to accept qualified majority voting on a field where they are likely to be outvoted is going to be quite a challenging task.

– Increasing assertiveness of individual Member States, notably Poland and Hungary, which are fighting against several political initiatives proposed by their fellow Western partners (in particular on migration, environment, rule of law, deeper political integration, etc.). Additionally, these governments are now facing a more hostile EP due to the gains of critical forces, such as Greens/EFA and Renew Europe, in the latest European elections (in fact, the increased hostility was already visible during the hearings). These efforts to keep Orban and Kaczynski at bay, despite their high level of domestic support, are a political hot potato for the new Commission, as the institution will have to tread carefully in order to avoid a further deepening of the rift between East and West.

Slow progress on issues that Member States tend to address as a zero-sum game, in particular on the Eurozone (indebted countries vs the rest) and the budget (net contributors vs net beneficiaries). These conflicts are likely to slow down progress on the reform of economic governance and the budget, in particular since the increasing political polarization across the continent lead the negotiating parties to be less willing to compromise on highly salient issues. The new Commission will try to find a balance between an increasingly dissatisfied South (where EU action is warranted to help countering economic stagnation and high unemployment) and the highly concerned Northern countries, which have to deal with public opinions that are not keen – to say the least – on further budgetary or financial transfers towards Brussels, Southern countries or other Member States.

Macron’s geopolitical positioning, in particular with regards to his bid to make the EU less reliant on NATO, improve relations with Iran and Russia, and skepticism on EU enlargement. Macron’s bold foreign policy moves raised several eyebrows across the continent, especially in Berlin and Central & Eastern Europe. This approach is also likely to further increase the concerns with regards to the French push for EU reform (Macron’s EU proposals on trade, Eurozone integration and taxation, which are viewed with particular skepticism in both CEE and the Northern countries). This assertive approach by France also triggered significant reactions in the European Parliament, as shown by the rejection of the first French nominee for EU Commissioner (and the tight approval of the second nominee by the JURI committee) and the widespread opposition among MEPs with regards to Renew Europe’s proposals to reform the EU enlargement mechanism. This is likely to be a problem for von der Leyen, who needs the main political groups (Renew Europe, S&D, EPP) to be less conflictual in order to get things done.

The need to address rising political polarization, by delivering on some of the topics that are on top of the EU agenda, such as migration and the environment. Diversity of views and interests across the Union would suggest that compromises are needed in order to pass new initiatives through the legislative institutions. However, the electoral rise of fringe groups are adding pressures on mainstream forces, which are becoming less keen on backing compromise solutions (as they are afraid to lose further support). For instance, the rise of the Greens is adding pressure on the Social Democrats and Renew Europe to support bolder climate action. Similarly, the rise of right-nationalists (ID group) puts pressure on the EPP (and others) to hardens its positions on undocumented migrants. As a result, some EPP members are becoming less willing to compromise with the left on such issues.

– The widening rift with the Anglosphere, as showcased by Brexit and the fraught EU relationship with US President Donald Trump. While it’s easy to blame the current status of affairs on individual politicians, some of the issues that complicate the EU-US relations have been there for a long time, such as the imbalances within NATO, the difficult bilateral trade relations (as shown by the ‘painful’ TTIP negotiations) and the US aversion towards projects of political integration such as the Eurozone (which gets its fair deal of bad press in the Anglosphere). With regards to the UK, while the Commission’s handling of the Brexit negotiations so far has been deemed as rather effective in protecting the interests of the Union, the most important decisions are just being procrastinated: the upcoming trade negotiations are not going to be easy. The Commission will have to tread carefully to ensure a positive long-term outcome for the Union. In fact, short-term consequences are not as worrisome as the potential long-term implications of the divorce between Brussels and London (in particular as the UK is set to continue working against the project of EU political integration, but this time from the outside).

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Europarlamento. Il 27 si vota la Commissione. Si decide il destino dell’Italia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-11-25.

EP-051364A_Tajani_Brexit
Opening the debate on BREXIT

Si profila nell’europarlamento una settimana densa di avvenimenti, che avranno grandi ripercussioni in Italia.

«Members of the Europan Parliament (EP) will vote on whether to support the new EU commission led by Ursula von der Leyen on Wednesday (27 November) at noon»

«The vote (by simple majority) will come following a presentation by Germany’s von der Leyen of the 27 commissioners and their programmes»

«If approved, the new commission will finally be able to take office on 1 December – even without a UK commissioner»

«On Wednesday (27 November), MEPs will also vote on the next year’s budget for investing in the EU and its member states, the mobilisation of a solidarity fund to assist Greece and financial measures to address the challenges of migration, refugees and security threats»

«Meanwhile, the EP committee on budgets (BUG)  will have an extraordinary meeting on Monday evening to exchange ideas, among other issues, over EU’s Budget 2020 procedures»

«On the same day, there will be a plenary debate over the EU accession to the Istanbul Convention and the other measures to combat gender-based violence to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women – but the resolution will be voted on Thursday. This international treaty remains blocked in the EU council by Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, and the United Kingdom»

* * * * * * *

L’europarlamento eletto a maggio ha evidenziato un crollo di quasi cento seggi della sua componente liberal socialista, che ha perso la maggioranza e non è riuscita ad imporre la nomina a Presidente della Commissione Europea né del candidato del Ppe né di quello di S&D. Uno smacco vissuto a livello ustionante.

Mrs Ursula von der Leyen è stata nominata dal Consiglio Europeo ed ha ottenuto una maggioranza parlamentare di qualche scarno voto solo grazie al massiccio supporto degli identitari sovranisti ed, inaspettatamente, degli europarlamentari M5S.

Se il 27 Mrs Ursula von der Leyen riuscisse ad ottenere, cosa che non è scontata, un voto favorevole, ancorché risicato, si concluderebbe questa telenovela di ostruzionismo parlamentare.

Si deciderebbe se il governo dell’Unione spetta come da diritto al Consiglio Europeo, ossia al consesso dei capi di stato o di governo, oppure all’europarlamento.

Se sicuramente questa Commissione non è certo quella ottimale, altrettanto sicuramente è quella al momento possibile.

Ad impossibilia nemo tenetur.

Si noti come il ‘clima’ stia di fatto uscendo dall’agenda, al di là dei titoli altisonanti. Il suo costo sarebbe stato smisurato.

EPP congress pledges ‘moderate’ climate solution

«The centre-right European People’s Party (EPP) pledge at its Zagreb congress to deliver a middle-ground compromise between “utopian environmental policies” and climate-change denial.»

Raggiungere un compromesso di medio termine tra “politiche ambientali utopiche” e la negazione dei cambiamenti climatici.

A quanto potrebbe sembrare, un filo di sano buon senso inizia a fare capolino anche nell’europarlamento.

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EU Observer. 2019-11-25. EU Parliament to vote on the Commission This week

Members of the Europan Parliament (EP) will vote on whether to support the new EU commission led by Ursula von der Leyen on Wednesday (27 November) at noon.

The vote (by simple majority) will come following a presentation by Germany’s von der Leyen of the 27 commissioners and their programmes. If approved, the new commission will finally be able to take office on 1 December – even without a UK commissioner.

The EP president David Sassoli will meet with von der Leyen on Monday (25 November).

On Wednesday (27 November), MEPs will also vote on the next year’s budget for investing in the EU and its member states, the mobilisation of a solidarity fund to assist Greece and financial measures to address the challenges of migration, refugees and security threats.

Climate will also be very high on the agenda of the next plenary session.

MEPs will discuss whether the EU should declare a state of environmental and climate emergency, as well as the European Parliament’s position ahead of the UN conference (in Madrid, 2-13 December).

There will be a vote on two draft resolutions on Thursday (28 November) on the EU’s commitment to cutting greenhouse gas emissions to achieve climate neutrality by 2050.  

MEPs, commission vice-president Frans Timmermans and a representative of the Finnish presidency will set on Tuesday (26 November) the parliament’s priorities ahead of the next European summit on 12-13 December.

Meanwhile, the EP committee on budgets (BUG)  will have an extraordinary meeting on Monday evening to exchange ideas, among other issues, over EU’s Budget 2020 procedures.

The EP committee on foreign affairs (AFET), the subcommittee on human rights (DROI) and the committee on development (DEVE) will also meet on Monday with last year’s winner of the Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought, the Ukrainian film director Oleg Sentsov.

On the same day, there will be a plenary debate over the EU accession to the Istanbul Convention and the other measures to combat gender-based violence to mark the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women – but the resolution will be voted on Thursday.

This international treaty remains blocked in the EU council by Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, and the United Kingdom.

Sassoli will meet on Tuesday with the prime minister of Portugal, Antonio Costa.

On Wednesday, Sassoli will also meet the president of the European Investment Bank, Werner Hoyer, the Irish Minister for European Affairs, Helen McEntee, and a delegation from the Japanese parliament.

The European ombudsman, Emily O’Reilly, will meet the liberals Renew Europe and the leftists GUE/NGL during the week to present her candidacy for the next term and give MEPs the chance to ask questions. She met MEPs from the S&D and the Greens last week.

On Monday, the presidency of the EU council organises a high-level conference on the data economy in Helsinki to present solutions and ideas for a sustainable, competitive and human-driven data economy.

The same day, ministers of EU member states in charge of development will gather in Brussels to discuss the future financial architecture for sustainable development and how the EU and member states can better cooperate to support the development of countries in transition.

Development ministers are also expected to touch upon the Global Refugee Forum, which will take place in Geneva next month (17-18 December).

On Thursday, ministers of EU member states will debate the external dimension of European competitiveness, and on Friday (29 November) the minister will discuss solutions for a sustainable Arctic and adopt conclusions on the updated EU bioeconomy strategy.

Romania will face the second round of presidential elections this Sunday (24 November), where president Klaus Iohannis is ahead in polling against former prime minister Viorica Dancila.

Pubblicato in: Unione Europea

Europarlamento. Approvato il budget 2020. Roba da miserabili. 168.7 mld.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-11-21.

Crisantemo 001

Premettiamo immediatamente come l’EU Oberver sia una testata rossa, ma così rossa, ma così rossa, che il suo spettro non si estingue in tale banda, bensì in quella infrarossa. Per loro Lenin era un agitatore capitalista e Stalin un demoplutocratico.

Si considerano gli illuminati destinati a guidare il popolo bue, ma il mondo li sberleffa.

Come tutti i sinistri ultramontani godono della caratteristica di essere deprivati del senso dello humour.

*

«EU governments and the European Parliament reached a last-minute agreement on a crucial 2020 budget on Monday (18 November) night, boosting spending on fighting climate change»

«The EU has committed to spend €168.7bn, of which 21 percent will go to climate»

«A deal was especially important as it is the last spending plan of the EU’s current seven-year budget»

«If there is no agreement by EU countries by the end of next year on the next long-term budget starting from 2021, the budget agreed on Monday would be the default reference in 2021»

«The long-term budget talks will be on the agenda for EU affairs ministers’ meeting later on Tuesday (19 November), and will be debated by EU leaders on December, but a deal on the first post-Brexit budget is only to come next year»

«The EU budget 2020 is a historic change. Investments in innovation, research and infrastructure. Instead of just cohesion funds and agriculture. In favour of climate and environment. This may be an example for the next multi-year budget»

«There has been significant differences between EU governments and the European parliament, which wanted to increase spending compared to the plans put forward by the commission»

«The climate budget is becoming reality. Instead of cut proposed from the council we will get €500m more on climate»

* * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile.

Nel 2008 l’eurozona aveva un pil di 14,125 miliardi Usd, che con decrescita infelice si sono ridotti a 13,670 miliardi Usd a fine 2018.

Solo per paragone, gli Usa avevano nel 2008 un pil di 14,713 miliardi contro i 20,580 miliardi a fine 2018. La Cina nel 2008 aveva un pil di 4,604 miliardi Usd, cresciuto 13,368 miliardi Usd a fine 2018. L’India nel 2008 aveva un pil di 949 miliardi Usd, cresciuto 2,719 miliardi Usd a fine 2018.

Questi dati evidenziano in modo molto chiaro come la recessione economica non sia mondiale e nemmeno dell’Occidente: è l’Unione Europea, questa Unione Europea ad essere in crisi recesiva.

Orbene, con un pil di 14,125 miliardi Usd tutto ciò che sa e può fare l’Unione Europea è stabilire un budget di 168.7 miliardi di euro, circa 185 miliardi Usd al cambio odierno: in altri termini, questo tanto decantato budget è poco meno dell’1.3% del pil.

Con un simile budget l’Unione si accinge a combattere la recessione. E trenta miliardi destinati al ‘clima’ sono presentati come se fossero una nuova Belt and Road. Hanno definito questo budget

«The EU budget 2020 is a historic change»

Che Dio ci protegga!

Un redivivo Victor Hugo riscriverebbe Les Misérables mettendo l’Unione Europea al posto di Jean Valjean.

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EU Observer. 2019-11-20. EU agrees 2020 budget deal

EU governments and the European Parliament reached a last-minute agreement on a crucial 2020 budget on Monday (18 November) night, boosting spending on fighting climate change.

The EU has committed to spend €168.7bn, of which 21 percent will go to climate. There is also an increase in total payments that amount to €153.6bn, a 3.4 percent increase from 2019.

A deal was especially important as it is the last spending plan of the EU’s current seven-year budget.

If there is no agreement by EU countries by the end of next year on the next long-term budget starting from 2021, the budget agreed on Monday would be the default reference in 2021.

The long-term budget talks will be on the agenda for EU affairs ministers’ meeting later on Tuesday (19 November), and will be debated by EU leaders on December, but a deal on the first post-Brexit budget is only to come next year.

Belgian MEP Jan Van Overtveldt, chair of the parliament’s budget committee, called the 22-hour negotiating marathon “intense” and said the decision was a “step towards future-oriented choices for the EU.”

“The EU budget 2020 is a historic change. Investments in innovation, research and infrastructure. Instead of just cohesion funds and agriculture. In favour of climate and environment. This may be an example for the next multi-year budget,” he tweeted on Tuesday morning.

There has been significant differences between EU governments and the European parliament, which wanted to increase spending compared to the plans put forward by the commission.

The deadline for them to agree was Monday, and without a deal the commission would have had to submit new proposals.

Under the agreement the research program Horizon 2020 has an 8.8 increase compared to last year, with €13.5bn.

Over €500m more will be spent for climate action on top of commission’s original proposal.

“The climate budget is becoming reality. Instead of cut proposed from the council we will get €500m more on climate and €80m more on youth,” Green MEP Rasmus Andersen said.

The European satellite navigation system, Galileo gets an €1.2bn boost, a 74.8 percent increase, and connecting Europe’s energy infrastructure, and investing in large-scale deployment of renewable sources, gets a 35 percent increase to €1.3bn.

Erasmus+ education program will receive €2.9bn, an increase of 3.6 percent, while programs to help youth unemployment in the most affected regions will be supported by €145m.

The pre-accession funds for Turkey have been significantly reduced with €85m compared to the draft proposed by the commission, given that Turkey has been drifting away from EU values. However, there will be more funding available for the Western Balkans.

On migration management and border protection, countries will spend €2.36bn, with a total of €3,6bn going for security and migration.

German MEP Monika Hohlmeier, lead rapporteur of the file said parliament “succeeded in adding €850m” for the parliament’s priorities to the commission’s draft budget.

“As any compromise, is not entirely satisfactory. We remain disappointed by the attitude of net payers, who are not willing to put money where the mouth is,” she added, thanking the Finnish EU presidency for brokering the deal.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Ungheria e Polonia bloccano le conclusioni EU sullo stato di diritto.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-11-20.

Unione Europea

«Hungary and Poland on Tuesday blocked a conclusion on the evaluation of the annual rule of law dialogue among member states»

«The Finnish EU presidency published the conclusions, representing consensus among the other 26 member states on strengthening the process»

«The 26 agreed the dialogue could use the EU commission’s planned annual rule of law reports»

«Hungary and Poland objected to linking the annual report to the council’s dialogue»

* * * * * * *

La vita dell’Unione Europea, ma anche quella delle Commissione, si preannuncia tribolata.

Anche se alle ultime elezioni i liberal socialisti hanno perso la maggioranza a lungo detenuta, non stanno perdendo occasione per cercare di imporre la propria volontà con una lunga serie di colpi di mano.

È nella loro natura rivoluzionaria. Sono dei prevaricatori nati.

E con un’Unione Europea in pena recessione sono sempre più abbacinati dal cercare di imporre la propria ideologia liberal, incapaci di porgere un benché minimo piano di risanamento economico.

Si resta amareggiati nel vedere come l’Italia si sia allineata agli altri paesi.

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Hungary, Poland block EU conclusions on rule of law.

Hungary and Poland on Tuesday blocked a conclusion on the evaluation of the annual rule of law dialogue among member states. The Finnish EU presidency published the conclusions, representing consensus among the other 26 member states on strengthening the process. The 26 agreed the dialogue could use the EU commission’s planned annual rule of law reports. Hungary and Poland objected to linking the annual report to the council’s dialogue.