Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Merkel elimina dal bilancio federale le sovvenzioni ai sovversivi islamici.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-09-22.

Prigionieri 013

Se apprezziamo il contorsionismo logico ed espressivo dell’articolista, constatiamo come nei fatti il problema sia davvero molto semplice.

Il problema verte laTurkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs.

«The Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs (German: Türkisch-Islamische Union der Anstalt für Religion e.V., Turkish: Diyanet İşleri Türk-İslam Birliği), usually referred to as DİTİB, is one of the largest Islamic organisations in Germany. Founded in 1984 as a branch of the Presidency of Religious Affairs in Ankara, it is an “arm” of the Turkish state. The headquarters are in Cologne-Ehrenfeld.

As of 2016, the DITIB funds 900 mosques in Germany.

The imams and the religious teachers, officially classified as civil servants of the Turkish state, are trained in Ankara and sent to Germany from Turkey. DITIB claims it is independent of the Government of Turkey. Because the state back then[when?] was almost bankrupt, the officials had to be paid with money from the Muslim World League, which provoked protest from secularists. The fixation on Turkey and the Turkish language proved to be a handicap, because other Islamic organisations used German language in public. The usage of German was seen by many to be more dialogue-friendly.

DITIB receives state aid from the Federal Ministry of the Interior in Germany, in 2017 an amount of about 1.5 million euro. When it was initially founded, around 230 associations were members; by 2005 the number was 870. The local associations are registered independently for legal and financial purposes, but share the goals and principles of DİTİB as their foundation. They also acknowledge DİTİB as their umbrella-organisation. It has a number of social and religious institutes.

Under the presidency of Rıdvan Çakır, DİTİB tries to present itself as a more integrated actor in German society. DİTİB was one of the initiators of the mass-event “Gemeinsam für Frieden und gegen Terror” (en: “Together for Peace and against Terror”). Over 20,000 Muslims participated in this demonstration, which was held on November 21, 2004 in Cologne. Participants who gave speeches included the Green Party politician Claudia Roth, Bavaria’s Interior Minister Günther Beckstein and Fritz Behrens. The goal was to signal the disapproval of the use of violence in the name of Islam. It was one of the largest demonstrations of its kind in the history of Germany.» [Fonte]

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In un precedente articolo il problema era già stato impostato

Germany to slash funding for Islamic organization DITIB

«DITIB has been criticized for having close ties to the Turkish government.»

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«For 2017, the year following the failed military coup against Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government, Berlin gave DITIB €1.47 million in funding»

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«The German government gave the organization much more money in 2016 — to the tune of €3.27 million»

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«— DITIB, the Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs, is Germany’s largest Islamic organization, with a network of around 900 mosques and 800,000 members.

— The organization is based out of the western city of Cologne and engages in religious, social and cultural activities in Germany.

— Imams with DITIB allegedly spied on community members in Germany who were suspected of being followers of Fetullah Gulen, the Muslim cleric accused by the Turkish government of being behind the country’s failed coup last July.»

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Did Turkey order spying in German classrooms?

«The Education and Science Labor Union (GEW), which represents educators, said on Thursday that it had received reports from some members that Turkish consulates in Germany’s most populous state instructed Turkish teachers and parents to spy on other teachers and inform on the content of instruction.»

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«Even students may have been urged to spy on teachers»

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Ricapitoliamo.

Il Governo federale tedesco finanziava un’iniziativa di Erdogan operante in modo stabile in Germania a fini di spionaggio e propaganda politica. Molti suoi affiliati sono rimasti coinvolti in atti di violenza.

Sembrerebbe davvero molto difficile credersi che il DITIB abbia potuto edificare oltre 900 moschee con un bilancio dichiarato di qualche milione di euro.

Dovrebbe essere intuitivo come non si possa pubblicare oltre su questo argomento.


Deutsche Welle. 2018-08-31. Germany cuts funding to largest Turkish-Islamic organization, DITIB

The German federal government had provided funds to DITIB for counterextremism and refugee aid programs. The Turkish-Islamic group has been under fire over a number of scandals.

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The German government will no longer be funding projects run with the country’s largest Islamic umbrella group, the Interior Ministry in Berlin announced on Thursday.

Since the start of the year, the federal government has not approved any funding for the Turkish-Islamic Union for Religious Affairs (DITIB), which has been at the center of a series of controversies. Funding has also been halted for projects in 2019.

Most of the German government’s funding for DITIB has involved support for counterextremism programs and aiding refugees. About €6 million ($6.9 million) has been provided to the group since 2012. The Family Ministry has also stopped approving projects with DITIB at the end of last year.

The Cologne-based group runs more than 900 mosques tied to the Turkish government’s Directorate of Religious Affairs, or Diyanet, which provides imams to DITIB mosques.

In the wake of the failed 2016 coup attempt against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the DITIB has been accused of acting as the long arm of the Turkish state.

Some imams are alleged to have acted on the orders of Turkish diplomatic posts to spy on followers of the Gulen movement, which Ankara blames for the failed coup bid.

In another scandal, DITIB imams reportedly called on worshippers to pray for a Turkish military victory against Syrian Kurds in Afrin.

DITIB again came under fire in April for holding a military re-enactment involving Turkish flags and fake guns handed to child “martyrs.”

Last year, DITIB controversially refused to take part in an anti-terrorism march in Cologne.

“Those who spread nationalism, hatred of Christians, Jews or people of no religious affiliation and spy here at the behest of the Turkish government cannot be a partner in the fight against religious extremism in Germany,” Christoph de Vries, a spokesman for Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU) on internal affairs, told Bild newspaper on Thursday.

Cooperation between DITIB is primarily a matter for the individual federal states, with the federal government promoting only certain projects. A number of states have already distanced themselves from DITIB. 

Sevim Dagdelen, the deputy parliamentary head of the Left party, called for federal states to cut all ties with DITIB and for the group’s charity tax status to be re-examined.

“The federal government and the federal states must stop cooperation at all levels with Erdogan’s outpost in Germany. It must be examined whether the preferential tax treatment of the association can be further justified. DITIB is not charitable, but a danger to the public,” the politician of Kurdish origin said in a statement.

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Armamenti, Unione Europea

Merkel. È morale ciò che conviene a Frau Merkel.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-04-05.

German Chancellor and head of German CDU party Merkel awaits start of party board meeting in Berlin

Tutti i grandi uomini sono ascesi agli onori della storia per la loro coerenza di pensiero e di vita.

Si potrà pur sempre non condividere alcune idee ed azioni del Mahatma Gandhi, ma nessuno potrebbe mai dire che fosse un ipocrita, che facesse cose che mai aveva pensato: che simulasse e dissimulasse.

Un altro tratto caratteristico di personaggi di questo livello è che hanno proposto il loro modo di pensare e di vivere, ma mai hanno cercato di imporlo. San Francesco aveva un enorme ascendete morale per la sua santità di vita: lui viveva la più stretta delle povertà ma mai la impose a chicchessia.

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La Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel da questo punto di vista sembrerebbe essere il perfetto contrario del Mahatma, di San Francesco e di gente di quella tempra.

Se si potesse parlare liberamente, senza l’uso del politicamente corretto, è la caricatura peggiorativa della donnetta ai trogoli. Con l’aggravante che essa sa più che bene cosa stia dicendo e facendo.

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«Last week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel called the Turkish offensive in the Syrian enclave “unacceptable.”

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«Despite all justified security interests of Turkey, it’s unacceptable what’s happening in Afrin, where thousands and thousands of civilians are being pursued, are dying or have to flee»

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«the chancellor herself clearly condemned the attack»

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«We also condemn this in the strongest possible terms»

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«Ankara should not receive any “economic assistance”»

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Bene.

Dopo aver inveito contro la Turkia con la massima severità, ed averne dato condanna morale inappellabile, ecco che salta fuori la verità:

«has not stopped her government from selling arms to Turkey».

In poche parole, la Germania è la principale fornitrice di armi alla Turkia, traendone lauti guadagni.

«The German government has approved the export of military equipment worth €4.4 million ($5.4 million) since January 20, when Turkey launched its offensive against Kurdish militia in Afrin»

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«The value of the approvals in the month preceding the offensive was almost €10 million»

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Ricapitoliamo.

Italia e gli altri stati dell’Unione Europea devono guardarsene bene dal vendere armi alla Turkia che ne starebbe facendo un uso immorale: sarebbe uno sfregio ai valori fondamentali dell’Unione Europea. E ciò che sia etico e morale lo decide ovviamente la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel.

Ma se fosse in gioco un guadagno sia pur minimo della Germania, bene, allora tutte quelle azioni orribilmente immorali ne risulterebbero essere santificate.

Ci sarebbe ben poco da aggiungere.


Deutsche Welle. 2018-03-29. Germany sells arms to Turkey despite Afrin offensive, German broadcaster reports

Last week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel called the Turkish offensive in the Syrian enclave “unacceptable.” But that has not stopped her government from selling arms to Turkey, German public media reported.

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Germany continues to authorize the export of weapon to Turkey despite criticizing the country’s offensive in the Syrian enclave of Afrin, German public broadcaster ARD reported Thursday.

The German government has approved the export of military equipment worth €4.4 million ($5.4 million) since January 20, when Turkey launched its offensive against Kurdish militia in Afrin, ARD said, citing a response from the Foreign Ministry to a question by the Left party.

The value of the approvals in the month preceding the offensive was almost €10 million.

‘Merkel’s credibility in question’

Left party lawmaker Sevim Dagdelen, who has been a prominent critic of German arms exports to Turkey in the past, said the recent approvals had raised questions about Chancellor Angela Merkel’s credibility after she denounced the invasion as “unacceptable.”

“The criticism does not have any consequences,” he told ARD, adding that rather than taking action to stop the fighting, Merkel’s government authorized more weapons sales.

Last week, Merkel criticized Turkey’s attack on Kurdish forces in Afrin, which Ankara describes as an anti-terror offensive.

“Despite all justified security interests of Turkey, it’s unacceptable what’s happening in Afrin, where thousands and thousands of civilians are being pursued, are dying or have to flee,” Merkel told German lawmakers.

German arms in Afrin?

Social Democrat (SPD) Deputy Parliamentary Leader Rolf Mützenich said one could not rule out that Turkey would use some of the weapons bought from Germany in the ongoing offensive in Syria.

“NATO countries like Turkey have more open delivery options, but they can also be denied, and in this case, that would be appropriate,” he told the German broadcaster.

Turkey says it has taken “complete control” of Afrin after a ground and air offensive against the YPG that controlled the Syrian enclave. Ankara considers the YPG a terror group and an extension of the banned Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) rebels, which is waging an insurgency within its own borders.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica Mondiale, Unione Europea

Summit di Varna. Erdogan, Juncker e Tusk.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2018-03-26.

2018-03-26__Varna__001

«Varna (in bulgaro: Варна?), conosciuta anche come “la perla del mar Nero”,[2] è la terza città della Bulgaria, dopo la capitale Sofia e Plovdiv. La città, posta nella parte orientale del Paese, è il capoluogo del distretto di Varna e un importante porto sul mar Nero, vicino al lago Varnesko (di Varna).

La città venne ribattezzata Stalin in onore della guida dell’Unione Sovietica per un breve periodo dal 1949 al 1956.»  [Fonte]

Varna ha un retaggio storico di tutto rispetto. Fondata nel 280 a.C. come colonia commerciale, conobbe splendore sotto l’impero romano. Fu aspramente combattuta tra bizantini e turki, finche con il 1393 divenne definitivamente colonia ottomana. Lì, nel 1444, i turki inflissero ai crociati di Ladislao III di Polonia una severa sconfitta, indispensabile per consentire quindi la conquista turka di Costantinopoli. Quattro secoli dopo i russi la conquistarono dopo un lungo e sanguinoso assedio.

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Varna è la sede ideale per un summit tra la Turkia e l’Unione Europea.

Mr Juncker e Mr Tusk sono da poco reduci da un accordo economico con le Filippine.

Kontrordine Kompagni. Per la EU adesso Mr Duterte è un fior di galantuomo.

Questo importante trattato commerciale ha preso corpo dopo un lungo tempo di reciproche diffidenze e di visioni di vita contrastanti al limite dell’opposto, il tutto gridato con toni da battaglia e con parole grevi.

Al di là del contenuto economico, il trattato con le Filippine inaugura un nuovo clima di Realpolitik nella dirigenza dell’Unione Europea, e ciò lascerebbe sperare altrettanto buon senso nella gestione dei rapporti con la Turkia.

La posta in gioco è davvero alta ed i problemi quanto mai sfaccettati.

Volenti o nolenti, la Turkia rappresenta il lato sud dello schieramento Nato: quindi a Varna saranno convitati di pietra gli alleati dell’Unione Europea ed anche i comandi militari. Presenza discreta, ovviamente, ma di tutto rispetto. Come fare a non starli a sentire?

Poi ci sono pesanti problemi economici, che vanno dallo sfruttamento dei giacimenti energetici del Mediterraneo orientale all’interscambio commerciale.

Ma su tutto dominerà il problema dello schieramento della Turkia, che non è detto debba sempre restare filo occidentale. Non ci si dimentichi neppure come i turki abbiano una consistente presenza di loro immigrati in Germania: presenza alquanto scomoda per la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel. M anche presenza che potrebbe diventare non più a lungo desiderata.

Poi c’è la lotta per i visti, una ragionevole regolamentazione del flusso di profughi dal Medio Oriente e l’assetto politico e militare dello stesso. Altri concitati di pietra saranno Mr Trump da una parte e Mr Putin dall’altra. Discretissimi, quasi ectoplasmi invisibili, ma ambedue con la mano ben pesante.

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A ben vedere, tutta la bagarre sul colpo di stato è solo una cortina fumogena dietro la quale poter manovrare.

Nota.

Nessuno si faccia illusioni: ma proprio nessuna.

Una cosa è arringare le folle con paroloni roboanti, ed un’altra totalmente differente il sedersi alla scrivania del primo ministro di una delle nazioni più consistenti economicamente, incardinata nella Nato, membro dell’Unione Europea con voto in seno al Consiglio Europeo, membro delle Nazioni Unite, e con una industria quale l’Eni che ha interessi energetici a livello mondiale.

Sia il Presidente Mattarella sia i candidati premier ne tengono ben conto.


Aska. 2018-03-26. Ue-Turchia, oggi a Varna vertice Erdogan con Tusk e Juncker

Varna, 26 mar. (askanews) – Il presidente turco Recep Tayyip Erdogan incontrerà oggi a Varna, sul Mar Nero, i vertici delle istituzioni europee, il presidente dell’Unione Donald Tusk e quello della Commissione Jean-Claude Juncker. Nell’agenda dei colloqui diverse questioni spinose: in primis la richiesta di adesione di Ankara all’Ue, ma anche la repressione seguita al fallito colpo di stato in Turchia del luglio 2016 e la richiesta turca per una liberalizzazione dei visti. Il clima già teso fra i due blocchi si è ulteriormente deteriorato a seguito della recente disputa sulle perforazioni esplorative al largo di Cipro.

Il premier bulgaro Boyko Borisov, il cui Paese ha la presidenza del Consiglio europeo, ha detto di aspettarsi un “incontro molto difficile”.

Juncker ha detto di guardare “con sentimenti contrastanti al vertice, perché le differenze di vedute tra l’Ue e la Turchia sono molte”. Ma ha aggiunto di voler cercare “un dibattito franco e aperto con il Presidente Erdogan”.


Sole 24 Ore. 2018-03-26. La Ue deve fermare l’imperialismo di Erdogan senza subire il ricatto migranti

La partita si annuncia complicata e foriera di pericolose conseguenze in caso di fallimento del vertice di Varna oggi sul Mar Nero. Un dato sembra certo: la politica neo-imperialista regionale del presidente turco Tayyip Erdogan sembra non conoscere ostacoli di sorta: in Siria ha conquistato la roccaforte di Afrin costringendo alla fuga i curdi siriani del’Ypg fino ad oggi preziosi alleati sul terreno degli Usa contro l’Isis, lo Stato islamico che continua a insaguinare l’Europa con azioni terroristiche di lupi solitari; nell’Egeo la Turchia sperona navi greche su isolotti contesi nell’ex Dodecaneso italiano, detiene due soldati greci che hanno sconfinato via terra accusandoli di spionaggio e a Cipro un mese fa ha bloccato le perforazioni di gas della nave Saipem 12000 dell’Eni. Non solo.

La Turchia ha respinto il 23 marzo le velate critiche europee come “inaccettabili” arrivate dall’ultimo Consiglio dell’Unione europea a Bruxelles a Palazzo Lipsius che ha definito come “azioni illegali” le manovre navali di Ankara nel Mar Mediterraneo orientale nell’ambito di contenziosi con la Grecia del premier Alexis Tsipras e l’isola di Cipro del presidente Nikos Anastasiadis.

«Il comunicato Ue contiene dichiarazioni inaccettabili contro ill nostro Paese, al servizio degli interessi della Grecia e di Cipro» ha affermato senza mezzi termini il portavoce del ministero degli Esteri turco, Hami Aksoy. Il presidente del Consiglio europeo, il polacco Donald Tusk, e il capo della Commissione Ue, il lussemburghese Jean-Claude Juncker, incontreranno lunedì il presidente Erdogan nella città bulgara di Varna, visto che la Bulgaria è presidente di turno dell’Unione.

Una bella matassa intricata per la diplomazia di Sofia. Ankara lamenta che la Ue ha perso la sua neutralità sull contenzioso in corso con Cipro e Grecia dimenticando che sia Cipro che la Grecia sono membri a tutti gli effetti Ue, mentre Ankara ancora non lo è e forse non lo diventerà mai.

Inoltre Ankara lamenta e rivendica i pagamento della seconda tranche da 3 miliardi di euro dell’accordo firmato il 18 marz0 2016 in tutta fretta dalla cancelliera tedesca Angela Merkel con il presidente Erdogan per chiudere le frontiere e tenersi i profughi siriani in cambio di 6 miliardi di euro complessivi. In effetti la Turchia si è tenuta i profughi siriani che ora sono circa 3,8 milioni su una popolazione complessiva di 80 milioni di abitanti ma ora Ankara batte cassa e chiede la seconda tranche di 3 miliardi di euro perché reclama «pacta sunt servanda», i patti si rispettano.

Inoltre chiede di poter entrare nella Ue senza i visti. Ma la Ue è infastidita dalla politica neo-ottomana di Ankara nella regione e probabilmente chiederà il rispetto di tutti i patti compresi anche quelli che tutelano il diritto internazionale nelle acque cipriote e greche. Forse a Varna si comincerà a parlare finalmente di politica estera europea.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Senza categoria

Gerhard Schröder. La diplomazia della Realpolitik.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-10-28.

Gas Vignette 014

La differenza che intercorre tra uno statista come Herr Gerhard Schröder ed una lavandaia ai trogoli a sfogare il calore delle vampate post menopausa come Frau Merkel è stridente.

Oltre ad essere stato un grande cancelliere con la netta percezione del futuro e del bene della sua nazione, Herr Gerhard Schröder è un diplomatico nato. Toni sempre smorzati, mai giudizi severi tranne proprio in situazioni che avrebbero fatto perdere la pazienza ad un santo, nessuna ideologia in testa, amico di tutti senza preclusione alcuna.

Non a caso ci siamo occupati più volte di questo personaggio.

Germania. L’ex-cancelliere Spd Schröder nel board della russa Rosneft.

La Germania deve comprendere, non giudicare, la Russia. – Gerhard Schröder

Benediciamo il Cielo che ci ha donato Herr Martin Schulz.

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Il fatto contingente è semplice.

«Former Chancellor Gerhard Schröder made a quiet trip to Ankara a week after Germany’s elections to persuade Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to release the human rights activist Peter Steudtner, according to a report in Der Spiegel magazine»

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«The initiative for sending the 73-year-old veteran politician came from Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel»

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«Gabriel appears to have turned to his fellow Social Democrat as the increasingly acrimonious dispute between Germany and Turkey threatened to escalate even further over the summer. In response to criticism from Gabriel, Erdogan used a particularly heated speech in August to ask the foreign minister rhetorically: “Who are you to speak to the president of Turkey? Watch your boundaries!”»

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«There was a much more conciliatory tone at the secret two-hour meeting between Schröder and Erdogan, during which they reportedly agreed to continue working to resolve the issue of German citizens in custody in Turkey»

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«Angela Merkel met Schröder on September 1 to discuss and personally approve the diplomatic mission, according to the media reports. The former chancellor requested the meeting to ensure that his successor would give him authority as an emissary for Germany’s government, rather than as a private citizen.»

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Ricapitoliamo.

Alcuni cittadini tedeschi, attivisti di ong ma sospetti di terrorismo, erano stati arrestati in Turkia, detenuti e rinviati a processo.

La diplomazia tedesca si era mossa con la grazia di un carro armato all’interno di un negozio di baccarat.

Il Ministro degli Esteri tedesco aveva interpellato Mr Erdogan in modo così affabile e cortese che si era sentito rispondere da Mr Erdogan in questa maniera:

«Who are you to speak to the president of Turkey? Watch your boundaries!»

“Chi cribbio credi di essere tu da poter parlare al Presidente della Turkia? Torna nei ranghi!”

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Diciamo che Mr Erdogan non le ha mandate a dire a Herr Gabriel, noto in Germania con il nomignolo di “grasso neutro“.

Merkel.

Già, in queste situazioni avrebbe dovuto muoversi la Bundeskanzlerin in persona. Ma con il caratterino che si ritrova e la tempesta ormonale da sindrome post climaterica Frau Merkel aveva appena appena finito di riversare su Mr Erdogan ogni tipologia di insulti nota, ivi compreso il fatidico ‘omofobo‘!

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La diplomazia tedesca è nota nella storia.

Di Herr Martin Schulz manco a parlarne. Se è vero che il 19 marzo 2017 era stato eletto presidente federale del partito socialdemocratico, dopo aver fatto le scarpe ad Herr Gabriel ed averlo trattato come un vecchio straccio da lavar per terra, è anche vero che da dopo le elezioni del 24 settembre è scomparso dalla circolazione, con gran sollievo di tutti.

Quindi la Germania si strizzò le meningi e pensò ad Herr Schröder.

Per Herr Gabriel fu come prendere un mastello di olio di ricino, ma per Frau Merkel fu come aver dovuto unire civilmente una coppia eterosessuale, ambedue simpatizzanti per AfD.

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Ma Herr Schröder, zitto e quatto, senza suonare nessuna fanfara, si è mosso nel più stretto riserbo diplomatico, ha chiesto, ed ottenuto, un colloquio personale con Mr Erdogan e dopo due ore di amabile conversazione i terroristi tedeschi sono stati rimessi in libertà.

Solo iniziativa autonoma dei giudici, ha sottolineato Mr Erdogan, ma tutti sanno come in qualsiasi parte del mondo i giudici siano telepatici, sempre sintonizzati sulla emittente del potere.

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Questo è soltanto l’ultimo episodio che dimostra come i capi di stato e delle diplomazie debbano essere aderenti alla Realpolitik. Diplomtici.

Lo ha capito persino Mr Macron:

«I believe in the sovereignty of states, and therefore, just as I don’t accept being lectured on how to govern my country, I don’t lecture others»

Nota.

Fonti solitamente molto bene informate riferirebbero come Mr Schröder avesse sentito preventivamente il parere di Mr Putin, che, da persona sensibile quale è, si sarebbe commosso ed avrebbe anche messo una parola buona con i turki. Questi sono brava gente: si incainano soltanto quando gli si organizza un colpo di stato in casa loro. In questo sono suscettibili.


Handelsblatt. 2017-10-27. Schröder’s Secret Mission to Turkey

A diplomatic mission by the former German chancellor has allowed a jailed human rights campaigner to return to Berlin, but at least 10 other German citizens are still being held.

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Peter Steudtner embraced colleagues as he walked free from jail, where he has been incarcerated since July 5 on charges of terrorist propaganda, which could be punished by up to 15 years in prison. “We are relieved to return to family and friends,” Mr. Steudtner said. “I am really thankful for everybody who fought for us legally and at the diplomatic level and those who accompanied us in solidarity.”

He may have Gerhard Schröder to thank the most. Thanks to a secret diplomatic mission by the former German chancellor to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, the German human rights campaigner and eight other activists were released from prison on bail Thursday at the start of their trial on terrorism-related charges stemming from last year’s failed coup.

The court said Mr. Steudtner, a freelance documentary filmmaker and speaker on human rights, did not have to stay in Turkey until the next scheduled court appearance November 2. He was expected to return later in the day to Berlin, where he lives with his partner and two children.

The release could mark something of a thaw in relations between Germany and Turkey. But with at least 10 other Germans still under arrest and a host of other issues where the two countries don’t see eye-to eye, there is still a long ways to go. “This is not yet a breakthrough,” said Günther Seufert, an expert on Turkey at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs.

«“The Turkish government has fulfilled all of its commitments, and we must continue to work to release the other detainees.”» [Sigmar Gabriel, German Foreign Minister]

The release of Mr. Steudtner, a Swedish activist, Ali Gharavi, and seven Turkish citizens followed a trip to Turkey by Mr. Schröder last month at the request of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government. He was chosen because he had warm relations with Mr. Erdogan while he was chancellor between 1998 to 2005. Mr. Schröder sponsored Turkey to start accession talks to join the European Union. Those talks have since foundered as Mr. Erdogan has become increasingly autocratic, ordering the arrest of at least 50,000 people after the coup.

The mission by Mr. Schroder, an elder statesman of the Social Democratic party, was disclosed by Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel, who is the SDP’s leading politician but leaving government soon after his party’s poor showing in last month’s elections. Mr. Gabriel approached Mr. Schröder for help a week after the elections. In an interview with the magazine Der Spiegel, he called the release a “first sign of a relaxation” in tensions between the two countries but added: “We must continue to work to release the other detainees.”

During his meeting with Mr. Erdogan, Mr. Schröder agreed that the two countries should continue working on a diplomatic solution. Mr. Erdogan reportedly insisted that the release of Mr. Steudtner not give the appearance of a presidential intervention in the court’s procedure.

Although he has been out of office since 2005, Mr. Schröder maintained close relations with Mr. Erdogan, even giving him an award as a European statesman. ”He has kept out of the political dispute between Berlin and Ankara,” said Mr. Seufert of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs.

Later in the week, Turkish justice minister Abdülhamit Gül insisted Mr. Schröder’s visit had nothing to do with the release of the suspects. “This story has nothing at all to do with reality,” he said. “Turkish justice is independent and neutral.”

At least 10 other Germans remain under arrest in Turkey on charges related to the coup. Two of them are journalists – Deniz Yücel, the correspondent of German daily newspaper Die Welt, and Mesale Tolu, a freelancer. Although they both have German citizenship, they are being tried as Turkish nationals.

With Mr. Gabriel leaving the government, the politician widely expected to replace him as foreign minister is Cem Özdemir, a ethnic Turk who is a leader of the Green party. Mr. Özdemir said Thursday that there can be no improvement in relations with Turkey until the other German prisoners are released.

The arrests of German citizens in Turkey deeply angered the Merkel government, which warned businesses about the dangers of commerce in Turkey and suggested that it might be unsafe for German tourists, who normally flock to the beaches there to soak up Mediterranean sun. The government was also furious when Ankara requested the arrest of several hundred dissident Turks living in Germany and then refused to allow a delegation of German parliamentarians to visit a NATO base where German troops are stationed.

Mr. Schröder’s secret mission to Turkey may help redeem his standing in Germany, where he has recently become a controversial figure by agreeing to serve as chairman of the board of Rosneft, the state-controlled Russian oil producer, as well as the Nord Stream 2 pipeline which is owned by Gazprom, the Russian energy giant. Both companies are effectively controlled by the Kremlin, and Mr. Schröder was lambasted for appearing to be serving the interests of Russian President Vladimir Putin, with whom he is also friendly. The oft-married Mr. Schröder, who is 73, also inflamed public opinion by leaving his German wife, Doris Köpf, for a young South Korean woman.


Deutsche Welle. 2017-10-27. Schröder’s ‘back channel’ helped free Steudtner from Turkey

Gerhard Schröder helped free the human rights activist Peter Steudtner from Turkey, German media report. The former German Chancellor has a history of diplomacy with authoritarian regimes.

*

Former Chancellor Gerhard Schröder made a quiet trip to Ankara a week after Germany’s elections to persuade Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to release the human rights activist Peter Steudtner, according to a report in Der Spiegel magazine.

The initiative for sending the 73-year-old veteran politician came from Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel, the magazine reported, citing “well-informed circles.” The media group RND and the Süddeutsche Zeitung have also reported Schröder’s intervention.

Gabriel appears to have turned to his fellow Social Democrat as the increasingly acrimonious dispute between Germany and Turkey threatened to escalate even further over the summer. In response to criticism from Gabriel, Erdogan used a particularly heated speech in August to ask the foreign minister rhetorically: “Who are you to speak to the president of Turkey? Watch your boundaries!” 

There was a much more conciliatory tone at the secret two-hour meeting between Schröder and Erdogan, during which they reportedly agreed to continue working to resolve the issue of German citizens in custody in Turkey.

‘Necessary first step’

The 46-year-old Steudtner, an activist who was arrested in Istanbul in July while conducting a workshop to train human rights defenders, was released on Wednesday, the first day of his trial. The charges — collusion with an opposition group that Turkey’s government has named a terrorist organization — were considered absurd by Steudtner’s friends. Ten other human rights activists from the workshop were also on trial, including the head of Amnesty’s Turkish branch, Idil Eser.

Steudtner’s case was apparently the easiest to resolve, though in return Turkey demanded that Germany’s government not interfere publicly in the trial. German authorities believe that Steudtner might have been pardoned or deported home at the end of the trial anyway. Though German politicians queued up to welcome the court’s decision to release him, many underlined that it was no more than a “necessary first step.” Ten other Germans are currently in custody in Turkey on political charges, including the journalist Deniz Yücel, who holds dual Turkish citizenship and was arrested in February.

Angela Merkel met Schröder on September 1 to discuss and personally approve the diplomatic mission, according to the media reports. The former chancellor requested the meeting to ensure that his successor would give him authority as an emissary for Germany’s government, rather than as a private citizen.

It must have been clear to Merkel why her predecessor was a potential diplomatic asset. Schröder harbored a notably warmer political friendship with Erdogan during his tenure than she does, and the Turkish president recently called the former chancellor, who lost his seat in 2005, the last German politician who could be trusted. After all, it was Schröder, along with French President Jacques Chirac, who originally opened the negotiations for Turkey’s accession to the European Union — something that Merkel has only halfheartedly pursued.

Back channel master

Schröder’s back channel prowess has been noted before — particularly when it comes to dealing with another authoritarian government: Russia. The former chancellor is a personal friend of President Vladimir Putin’s and is the chairman of the shareholders’ committee of Nord Stream, the consortium that operates the gas pipeline under the Baltic Sea  and is majority-owned by the Russian state company Gazprom.

That awkward friendship with the Kremlin was brought up during this summer’s election campaign in Germany, when media and politicians took exception to the ex-chancellor’s appointment — by Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev — as the chairman of the board of directors of the oil company Rosneft, which is majority-owned by the government. Rosneft’s CEO, Igor Sechin, is still subject to US sanctions for Russia’s meddling in Ukraine.

During a press conference at the height of the scandal this summer, Foreign Minister Gabriel notably defended his fellow Social Democrat, noting that Schröder had helped secure the release of German OSCE military observers who were captured by separatists in eastern Ukraine in 2014.

Pubblicato in: Unione Europea

Germania. Il voto dei turki residenti. Sono solo 800,000.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-23.

Erdogan_braccia_Afp. 001jpg

«In the last election in 2013 the centre-left party gained an estimated 64% of the Turkish vote, compared to 12% for the Greens. In the same Data4U study published last year, only 6.1% of Turkish voters felt they had a political connection with Merkel’s CDU»

*

«The results of the April referendum show that Turks in Germany back Erdogan more strongly than their fellow voters in Turkey (63 percent voted for the constitutional reforms, compared to 51 percent in Turkey). …. In Essen, a Rhineland city with a large Turkish community, three quarters of the Turkish diaspora voted for Erdogan’s reforms.»

*

«the majority of those who voted in the Turkish referendum don’t have the right to vote in Germany, making it difficult to estimate whether the 800,000 people with Turkish roots who only have German citizenship are as loyal to Ankara»

*

«it is unlikely that Erodgan’s boycott call will have an important impact on results.»

*

«If German Turkish voters were to heed Erdogan’s call and boycott the major parties, the SPD would likely take the biggest hit.»

*

«Germany said Turkish people should vote against Erdogan in the referendum, now it’s the other way round. Erdogan just wanted to show that there was a double standard, that they shouldn’t meddle»

* * * * * * *

Questo articolo allegato ha il merito di quantizzare il fenomeno dei turki che sono abilitati a votare in Germania.

Sono 800,000 elettori turki, grosso modo l’1.3% degli elettori totali.

È in ultima analisi un numero talmente basso da non costituire problema.

Diversa cosa invece il giudizio sulla liceità dell’appello fatto dal Presidente Erdogan ai turki elettori in Germania.

Non ci si dovrebbe dimenticare come sia stata Frau Merkel ad esortare di turki residenti a votare contro il referendum indetto in Turkia.

Se l’interferenza con gli affari interni turki era lecita a Frau Merkel, non si vede per quale motivo dovrebbe essere illecita quella del Presidente Erdogan negli affari interni tedeschi.


The Local. 2017-09-21. Will​ ​Turkish​ ​voters​ ​listen​ ​to​ ​Erdogan​ ​and​ ​try​ ​to​ ​sabotage​ ​Merkel in the elections?

Last month Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan called on Turkish voters to boycott three of Germany’s major political parties. We have looked into how much impact that statement is likely to have.

*

As German voters become accustomed to seeing lamp posts plastered with election posters, one in western Germany stands out in particular.

Erdogan’s severe face glares down from adverts for the fledgling pro-migrant Alliance of Democratic Germans (ADD) party.

The Turkish leader unofficially entered the election race when he called in August for German Turks to sabotage Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU), her main rivals the Social Democrats (SPD), and the Green Party at the national election on September 24th.

Ankara’s intervention came during a year of downward-spiralling tensions between the two former allies and led to a furious response from Berlin. Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel has described it as “an unprecedented act of interference in the sovereignty of our country.”

Now the ADD, created after the German parliament voted last year to recognize the murder of 1.5 million Armenians in 1915 by Ottoman Turks as genocide, is using Erdogan’s image to try and win over disgruntled Turkish voters.

‘Double​ ​standards’

Kerem*, a small business owner in Düsseldorf, the capital of North Rhine-Westphalia, believes Erdogan has every right to interfere.

“I think he’s right,” he tells The Local. “Germany said Turkish people should vote against Erdogan in the referendum, now it’s the other way round. Erdogan just wanted to show that there was a double standard, that they shouldn’t meddle.”

In April Turkey voted in a referendum on whether to extend the powers of the Turkish president, with the “yes” campaign winning a narrow victory. Germany did not explicitly takes sides, but Merkel urged for freedom of speech ahead of the vote in Ankara when she told Erdogan “opposition is part of democracy.”

Kerem moved to North Rhine Westphalia – the German state with the largest Turkish population – ten years ago. But, like roughly half of the three million people with Turkish roots living in Germany, he doesn’t have dual citizenship and therefore can’t vote in German elections.

The 40-year-old is a fan of Erdogan but denies that he would be influenced by him.

“He doesn’t need to tell me anything,” he says. “Every year when we go home we see with our own eyes that the media and television [in Germany] lies. He has made Turkey a much better country.”

Still though, if he could vote he would back Merkel. She is “more honest” than the SPD’s Sigmar Gabriel, he says, describing the foreign secretary as a liar for warning Germans against travelling to Turkey after an activist was arrested there in July.

Trouble​ ​ahead

If German Turkish voters were to heed Erdogan’s call and boycott the major parties, the SPD would likely take the biggest hit.

In the last election in 2013 the centre-left party gained an estimated 64% of the Turkish vote, compared to 12% for the Greens. In the same Data4U study published last year, only 6.1% of Turkish voters felt they had a political connection with Merkel’s CDU.

Professor Achim Görres, who is conducting the first ever study on German immigrant voting for this year’s election, doesn’t believe Erdogan’s call will resonate with the majority of the voting Turkish population.

“My speculation is that it will have very little impact,” he says. “Erdogan is more interested in mobilizing support at home. He’s appealing more to Turks in Turkey than Turks in Germany.”

The academic from Duisburg-Essen University believes the SPD could lose out on the Turkish vote in other ways, though.

“German Turks of a working-class background were traditionally very much in favour of the SPD,” he explains.

“This group of Germans of Turkish descent is getting more and more heterogeneous, especially among the younger voters whose educational level is dramatically on the increase.”

“Things are changing, and the bias in favour of the party is declining as well.”

Support​ ​for​ ​Erdogan

The results of the April referendum show that Turks in Germany back Erdogan more strongly than their fellow voters in Turkey (63 percent voted for the constitutional reforms, compared to 51 percent in Turkey).

In Essen, a Rhineland city with a large Turkish community, three quarters of the Turkish diaspora voted for Erdogan’s reforms.

Caner Aver, a researcher at the Centre for Turkish Integration (ZftI) in Essen, believes the background of Turkish guest workers who first moved to the region in the 1960s played a role in the outcome – contrasting them to the comparatively liberal Turkish community in Berlin.

“The Ruhr valley had a very high influx of people from conservative circles who predominantly came from mining regions in Turkey to mining jobs in Germany,” he says.

“They are more business-minded, more conservative. Things are starting to change now, but unemployment and social segregation led to them distancing themselves from the rest of society.”

Nonetheless, the majority of those who voted in the Turkish referendum don’t have the right to vote in Germany, making it difficult to estimate whether the 800,000 people with Turkish roots who only have German citizenship are as loyal to Ankara.

What seems clear is that the ADD – the party with Erdogan’s face plastered over their posters – will make any inroads into the German political landscape this September.

The fledgling party are only running in North Rhine Westphalia, where they stood for state parliament for the first time in May and won a miniscule 0.15% of the vote. They are so unpopular that there is no accurate polling available for them.

Aver believes Erdogan may be using the ADD to discover what influence he exerts among the Turkish diaspora.

“The number of votes the ADD get will be a sign of how influential he is in the Turkish community here. I think Erdogan wants to test how popular he is within Germany, even among those with citizenship.”

The​ ​anti-Erdogan​ ​camp

Among those who have emigrated from Turkey to Germany since the 1960s are also fierce opponents of the Turkish strongman. Erdogan has re-ignited conflict with the country’s Kurdish minority in recent years, and is far from popular among the many Kurdish Turks living in Germany.

Hidir Cagritekin, a Kurdish Turk who moved to Essen in 1974, says that “anyone who listens to him should pack their bags and go back to Turkey.

“It’s impossible what he’s doing, he should be banned from politics,” he says angrily, addressing Erodgan’s boycott call.

“We are an uneducated people,” adds the 50-year-old, who would not betray his vote. “People would be able to see if they went back to Turkey that there is no freedom of speech, this is a place where they throw journalists in a cell for no good reason.”

The extent to which Cagritekin’s point of view is reflected among other Turkish Germans will become clear after the election. But it is unlikely that Erodgan’s boycott call will have an important impact on results.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Merkel in minoranza in seno alla Commissione Europea. – Spiegel

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-01.

 Merkel 998

Il titolo del Der Spiegel è tutto un programma: “Germany’s Hardline on Turkey Begins to Soften

Diversi i punti di interesse. Per sommi capi.

– Frau Merkel non vorrebbe pagare alla Turkia i sei miliardi pattuiti perché si tenesse i profughi;

– Frau Merkel vorrebbe anche negare alla Turkia i soldi chele spetterebbero come stato in attesa di ingresso;

– Mr Erdogan ha replicato ad Herr Gabriel: “Ma chi c@@o sei da parlare al Presidente turko?”;

– La Commissione Europea ha detto a Frau Merkel che non a lei a poter decidere, bensì la Commissione, a maggioranza qualificata;

– «After surveying their 27 EU partners, Berlin found that only a minority are in favor of its course»

* * * * * * *

«When it comes to Gabriel’s demand to review state export credit guarantees for deals with Turkey, the chancellor herself has intervened»

*

«Gabriel would like to introduce a cap on the total sum of such guarantees (known as Hermes Cover), but the Chancellery is skeptical.»

*

«she [Merkel] could lose votes to the business-friendly Free Democrats (FDP)»

*

«With agreement from the Chancellery, Gabriel wrote to the EU’s foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, and to Enlargement Commissioner Johannes Hahn to inquire whether pre-accession assistance, being paid to Ankara as part of ongoing accession negotiations, could be suspended»

*

«Internally, Commission officials have been trying for weeks to make it clear to their German counterparts that suspending the payments is far from straightforward»

*

«Indeed, Brussels doesn’t even have the power to make such a decision»

*

«The responsibility lies with EU member states, a qualified majority of whom would have to agree that Turkey is no longer in fulfillment of the so-called Copenhagen accession criteria on, for example, human rights or rule of law issues»

*

«After surveying their 27 EU partners, Berlin found that only a minority are in favor of its course. France and Italy are among those most vehemently opposed.»

*

«At issue is the second tranche of the 6 billion euros Turkey was promised as part of the refugee deal.»

*

«Not long later, though, the Turkish president sharpened his tone once again, launching a personal attack on the German foreign minister: “Who are you to speak to the president of Turkey?” he hissed at Gabriel»

*

«The number of refugees arriving on the Greek islands has also been on the rise of late, a situation that Berlin and Brussels are monitoring with concern»

* * * * * * *

Come al solito, il punto veramente importante è stato diluito nelle ultime righe.

«After surveying their 27 EU partners, Berlin found that only a minority are in favor of its course. France and Italy are among those most vehemently opposed.»

La Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel non ha più la maggioranza dei capi degli stati in seno alla Commissione Europea. Certo, non avesse insultato, sberleffato, deriso e vessato Polonia, Ungheria, Repubblica Ceka e Slovakia avrebbe avuto quattro voti con sé. Ma dopo quello che ha fatto, se li scorderà oggi, domani e sempre.

Diciamo pure che Frau Merkel sembrerebbe non avere la fine arte diplomatica di Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord.


→ Spiegel. 2017-08-28. Germany’s Hardline on Turkey Begins to Soften

With the Turkish president firing away at Germany at will, Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel recently announced that Berlin would take a tougher stance. It hasn’t happened. Indeed, Germany may soon have to cough up significant amounts of money for Ankara.

*

When German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel and Angela Merkel met at the end of July to discuss how to handle the most recent indignities fired off by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in the direction of Germany, the chancellor gave the impression that she completely supported Gabriel’s proposals. Speaking on television afterwards, Gabriel said “everything I am telling you has been coordinated with Ms. Merkel.”

One month later, though, things look markedly different. It is apparently more difficult than he thought to follow up tough words with deeds. And consensus in Merkel’s cabinet has also suffered. Gabriel was able to achieve a quick success by convincing Erdogan to withdraw a list of terrorism supporters which included German companies. Not long later, though, the Turkish president sharpened his tone once again, launching a personal attack on the German foreign minister: “Who are you to speak to the president of Turkey?” he hissed at Gabriel. The number of refugees arriving on the Greek islands has also been on the rise of late, a situation that Berlin and Brussels are monitoring with concern.

As such, Gabriel’s appetite has only grown for taking the kind of tough stance on Turkey that Germany had threatened. But the Foreign Ministry in Berlin has lately found itself confronted with reservations and opposition in both Brussels and Berlin.

When it comes to Gabriel’s demand to review state export credit guarantees for deals with Turkey, the chancellor herself has intervened. Gabriel would like to introduce a cap on the total sum of such guarantees (known as Hermes Cover), but the Chancellery is skeptical. Merkel is concerned that such a move could hurt German exporters and she isn’t interested in damaging relations with that constituency in the middle of her re-election campaign – particularly out of fear that she could lose votes to the business-friendly Free Democrats (FDP). The consequence is that negotiations between the Foreign Ministry and the Chancellery on the issue are making no progress.

Trying for Weeks

A second threat aimed at hurting Erdogan has met a similar fate. With agreement from the Chancellery, Gabriel wrote to the EU’s foreign policy chief, Federica Mogherini, and to Enlargement Commissioner Johannes Hahn to inquire whether pre-accession assistance, being paid to Ankara as part of ongoing accession negotiations, could be suspended. Between 2014 and 2020, Turkey is set to receive 4.45 billion euros in accordance with the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance II (IPA II) program. Thus far, only around 250 million euros has been dispersed.

Internally, Commission officials have been trying for weeks to make it clear to their German counterparts that suspending the payments is far from straightforward. Indeed, Brussels doesn’t even have the power to make such a decision. The responsibility lies with EU member states, a qualified majority of whom would have to agree that Turkey is no longer in fulfillment of the so-called Copenhagen accession criteria on, for example, human rights or rule of law issues. That, though, is risky, since that would force a suspension of the accession talks – at least according to the Commission’s interpretation. Berlin, though, doesn’t agree.

Only minor adjustments are possible. Hahn’s office, for example, has long been looking for ways to prevent EU money from aiding the purges that Erdogan launched after last summer’s unsuccessful coup attempt. Smaller projects, such as one to train judges in Turkey, have been stopped since its goal can hardly be achieved at a time when the Turkish president is throwing independent lawyers in jail.

Vehemently Opposed

The mid-term review of pre-accession aid for all EU accession candidates (including countries like Albania and Serbia in addition to Turkey) could represent a greater danger to Erdogan. Should Turkey get poor marks on issues such as the rule of law, up to 20 percent of the money earmarked for the country could be sent elsewhere. Again, though, EU member states must grant their approval.

And that, as the German government has realized, is not a foregone conclusion. After surveying their 27 EU partners, Berlin found that only a minority are in favor of its course. France and Italy are among those most vehemently opposed.

Plus, the EU is in the process of trying to drum up more money for Turkey as it is. At issue is the second tranche of the 6 billion euros Turkey was promised as part of the refugee deal. The deal calls for the entire sum to be paid by the end of 2018 and is earmarked for such projects as the provision of humane shelters for refugees. The first tranche of 3 billion euros will have been used up by the end of the year and Budget Commissioner Günther Oettinger has included around 300 million euros for the second tranche in his 2018 draft budget. The rest, though, is to come from EU member states. “The member states have to finance 2 billion plus X,” he says. Germany contributed around 500 million euros to the first tranche, but will likely have to pay more this time around – both because the Commission itself has less money available and because it isn’t clear whether Britain will continue to contribute its share.

There is even opposition within Gabriel’s Social Democratic Party (SPD) to cutting Turkey’s pre-accession assistance. Jens Geier, head of the German SPD caucus in European Parliament, says: “A portion of our funding serves to strengthen civil society. As such, it often helps those who stand up to Erdogan.”

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Sistemi Politici, Unione Europea

Erdogan. Turki in Germania non votate Frau Merkel.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-19.

Merkel 1030

«As of 2016, about ten million of Germany’s 82 million residents did not have German citizenship, which makes up 12% of the country’s population. ….

Regarding the immigrant background, 21% of the country’s residents, or more than 17.1 million people, were of immigrant or partially immigrant descent ….

29% of families with children under 18 had at least one parent with immigrant roots ….

As of 2014, the largest national group was from Turkey (2,859,000) ….

Islam is the second largest religion in the country. In the 2011 census 1.9% of Germans (1.52 million people) declared themselves to be Muslims, albeit the number was believed to be substantially higher» [Fonte]

*

In Germania la comunità turca ammonta a 2.9 milioni, cui si potrebbe aggiungere una quota di persone che si sono dichiarate mussulmane.

In aprile i turki residenti in Germania sono stati chiamati alle urne per dare il loro voto al referendum costituzionale di Mr Erdogan.

«Il sì più forte alla riforma costituzionale è arrivato dal voto dei turchi che risiedono fuori dai confini nazionali. La vittoria più grande Erdogan l’ha incassata in Germania dove alla svolta presidenziale si è detto favorevole il 65% degli elettori. Nel Paese vive la più grande comunità di turchi all’estero, sono circa 4 milioni gli immigrati, 1,5 milioni dei quali aventi diritto. Il voto è stato preceduto da tensioni tra Ankara e Berlino, dopo la cancellazione di comizi di ministri turchi in vista del referendum. C‘è chi celebra il sì ma anche chi si preoccupa dello strapotere nelle mani di Erdogan:

“Temo che Erdogan continui a prendere misure drastiche per fare tutto quello che vuole. Ma l’opposizione si farà sentire, scenderà per le strade. Useremo tutti gli strumenti democratici a nostra disposizione per opporci”, dice Kenan Kolat, del Partito Popolare Repubblicano.

Non solo in Germania ma anche nei Paesi Bassi, in Austria e in Belgio ad avere la meglio è stato il sì, con percentuali in alcuni casi anche superiori al 70%.»

Quindi, il circa milione e mezzo di turki residenti in Germania ha appoggiato il referendum di Mr Erdogan, ed in modo compatto-

Una persona democratica avrebbe commentato che quello era il libero risultato delle urne, e si sarebbe compiaciuto che il popolo avesse espresso la propria opinione.

Manco p‘ ‘a capa.

I tedeschi dettero di matto a questo risultato perché la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel aveva dichiarato Mr Erdogan suo nemico personale, in quanto non avrebbe condiviso i principi valoriali della Cancelliera. Secondo Frau Merkel i turki residenti in Germania avrebbero dovuto votare non in scienza e coscienza, bensì in accordo a quanto desiderato dalla Bundeskanzlerin.

Si potrebbe dire che Frau Merkel abbia un concetto molto personale di democrazia.

In ogni caso, il dato di fatto è che i turki in Germana sono pro Erdogan.

«Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan on Friday said German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats were enemies of Turkey and called on Turks in Germany to vote against major parties in next month’s elections.»

*

«I am calling on all my countrymen in Germany: the Christian Democrats, SDP, the Green Party are all enemies of Turkey. Support those political parties who are not enemies of Turkey»

*

«a furious response from Merkel»

* * * * * * * *

Ccà nisciuno è fesso.

Prima la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel copre di ogni sorta di epiteto Mr Erdogan e la Turkia, quindi cerca di isolarlo politicamente, indi impone sanzioni e non permette che deputati turki entrino in Germania, ed adesso si lamenta che i turki residenti in Germania non la votino: turki sì, fessi proprio no.

Quanti si fossero fatti l’imbecille illusione che i turki residenti in Germania si fossero ‘integrati‘ e la pensassero come i tedeschi avrebbero preso un abbaglio madornale.

Ma talmente madornale da autorizzare a pensare che imbecilli non fossero stati i loro pensieri, ma loro stessi.


Reuters. 2017-08-19. Erdogan tells Turks in Germany to vote against Merkel

ISTANBUL (Reuters) – Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan on Friday said German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats were enemies of Turkey and called on Turks in Germany to vote against major parties in next month’s elections.

The comments, some of Erdogan’s harshest yet against Merkel, drew a furious response from Merkel, her government and some Turkish organisations in Germany, illustrating the widening divide between the NATO allies and major trade partners.

“I am calling on all my countrymen in Germany: the Christian Democrats, SDP, the Green Party are all enemies of Turkey. Support those political parties who are not enemies of Turkey,” Erdogan said after Friday prayers in Istanbul, urging ethnic Turks in Germany to “teach a lesson” to those parties.

Ties between Ankara and Berlin have been strained in the aftermath of last year’s failed coup as Turkish authorities have sacked or suspended 150,000 people and detained more than 50,000 people, including German nationals.

“We will not tolerate any kind of interference,” said Merkel in response at a campaign event in the western city of Herford, while her foreign minister Sigmar Gabriel described the remarks as “unprecedented” interference with Germany’s sovereignty.

Germany has voiced concern that Erdogan is using the coup as a pretext to quash dissent. Erdogan, an authoritarian leader whose roots are in political Islam, has accused Germany of anti-Turkish and anti-Muslim sentiment.

Gabriel urged ethnic Turks to use their vote regardless. “Let’s show those who want to set us against each other that we are not playing their game,” he added. Community leader Atila Karaborklu accused Erdogan of wanting to divide Germany’s Turkish communikty.

Germans go to the polls on Sept. 24 for elections where Merkel is running for a fourth term. Her conservatives enjoy a comfortable lead over the Social Democrats (SPD), their current coalition partner and major rival.

Western governments, particularly Germany, have expressed apprehension at Erdogan’s tightening grip on power. In April, Turks narrowly backed a referendum to change the constitution and grant Erdogan sweeping executive powers.

In the run-up to the referendum, German authorities prevented Turkish politicians from speaking to rallies of Turkish citizens in Germany, infuriating Ankara.

Turkey also blocked Berlin lawmakers from visiting their troops stationed in southern Turkey. The troops were later relocated to Jordan.

Merkel has also said there would be no expansion of a customs union or deepening in EU-Turkish ties, comments which infuriated Turkey.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Senza categoria, Trump, Unione Europea

Turkia. Trump manda le congratulazioni, Merkel una supplica.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-04-18.

2017-04-18__Turkia__001

«He’s not a Dictator, He’s a Democrat»

Questo è il titolo dell’editoriale di Patrick Kingsley sul The New York Times, che prosegue dicendo “he has unfettered support from Turks who like the idea of a strong leader standing against external aggression” e termina con la ovvia conclusione “Turkey May Finally End Its Long Flirtation With the E.U.

* * *

Al di là delle diatribe di vil bottega ideologica, i titoli tedeschi esprimono alla perfezione ciò che è successo nei fatti con il referendum turko.

Germany warns Turkey not to ‘end the European dream’

Merkel urges ‘respectful dialogue’ in Turkey after referendum

* * *

Ma chi mai sarebbe ad oggi la Bundeskanzlerin Frau Merkel? La quale, per di più da domenica prossima avrà perso il fedele scudiero, Mr Hollande, palafreniere del fu-socialismo rampante?

*

E chi mai sarebbe Mr JC Juncker?

«European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker has warned Turkey that any return of the death penalty would be a “red line” in the country’s stalled EU membership bid.

“If the death penalty is reintroduced in Turkey, that would lead to the end of negotiations,” he told Sunday’s edition of Germany’s Bild newspaper, calling it a “red line”.»

A riprova di quanto sia compatta l’Unione Europea, questa sarebbe la posizione del Cancelliere austriaco:

Referendum result means Turkey now “far away” from Europe: Austrian chancellor

*

Il socialismo ideologico di Mr Juncker contrasta con l’invocazione lanciata da Frau Merkel.

Di quando in qua si fa politica regolando i rapporti internazionali su giudizi partigiani nelle politiche interne di altre nazioni?

Sai quanto se ne fanno Mr Putin, Mr Xi e Mr Trump.

Trump congratulates Erdoğan on referendum win.

Turkey referendum: Trump congratulates Erdogan.

Trump congratulates Turkish President Erdogan on referendum victory. – China Org

La Realpolitik impone di prendere atto che Mr Erdogan da fatto transitare la Turkia da stato parlamentare a stato presidenziale.

«Europe’s spine has cracked. This referendum will be the most effective thing in the rebirth of the Ottoman Empire. Europe has to look at itself.»

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«it reflects the profound polarization of Turkish society.»

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Sembrerebbe che ci si sia dimenticati come la Turkia sia uno stato profondamente islamico.

Il Presidente Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

ha semplicemente riesumato l’Impero Ottomano.

Il quale Impero ha contro l’Unione Europea, e la Germania in particolare, un’arma micidiale:

Erdogan ai turchi che vivono in Europa: “Fate almeno cinque figli, il futuro è vostro”

Erdogan calls on Turkish families in Europe to have five children to protect against ‘injustices’ 

‘You Are the Future of Europe,’ Erdogan Tells Turks

‘You Are Europe’s Future’: Erdogan Tells Turks Abroad To Have 5 Children.

 Turkey__002


Hurriet Daily News. 2017-04-18. Trump congratulates Erdoğan on referendum win

U.S. President Donald Trump congratulated President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on April 17 in a telephone call after his narrow victory in a constitutional referendum, the Turkish Presidency’s press office said.

The call came a day after more than 51 percent of Turks voted in favor of 18 constitutional amendments that will, among other things, see Turkey switch from a parliamentary to an executive presidency with vastly enhanced powers for Erdoğan.

Trump’s message came in contrast to a message released by the State Department, which cited a report by international observers who had noted “irregularities on voting day and an uneven playing field during the difficult campaign period.”
The two leaders also discussed an alleged chemical attack by the Syrian government on April 4 that killed approximately 100 civilians and injured 500 others in the opposition-held town of Khan Sheikhoun in Idlib province.

Investigators in Turkey and elsewhere believe sarin gas was used in the attack.

Trump and Erdoğan agreed Syrian President Bashar al-Assad was responsible for the attack.

The U.S. president also thanked Turkey for its support for U.S. missile strikes on the Shayrat air base on April 7 in retaliation for the chemical attack.

Both leaders also stressed the need for cooperation in the fight against terror groups, including the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).


Bbc. 2017-04-18. Turkey referendum: Trump congratulates Erdogan

Donald Trump has congratulated Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on his victory in Sunday’s referendum that gave him sweeping new powers.

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The US president’s phone call contrasts with concern by European leaders who have pointed out how the result – 51.4% in favour of the changes – has exposed deep splits in Turkish society.

Mr Erdogan has rejected criticism from international monitors who said he had been favoured by an “unequal campaign”.

“Know your place,” he told them.

The narrow victory was ruled valid by Turkey’s electoral body, despite claims of irregularities by the opposition.

On Monday, Turkey extended the state of emergency for three months. The measure, introduced after a failed coup last July, was set to expire in two days.

Is Trump support a boost for Erdogan? Mark Lowen, BBC News, Istanbul

The call from Donald Trump was pre-arranged and the focus was Syria – but the congratulations for President Erdogan’s victory means the US president joins leaders from Qatar, Guinea, Djibouti and the Palestinian militant movement Hamas to voice the opinion, while those in Europe have been far more cautious.

It will delight Erdogan supporters, who will see it as legitimising the president’s victory. But it will dismay opponents, after Mr Erdogan’s fiery tirades against the West and the damning verdict of international observers.

It also exposes a split between the EU and US on Turkey: Mr Trump opting for realpolitik while Europe urges the unpredictable Turkish leader to reconcile a divided country.

And it will reiterate similarities between Presidents Trump and Erdogan on issues like democratic norms and press freedom – though the Turkish president has of course dealt with them in a far more extreme way.

Ultimately, President Trump was perhaps aiming to win favour in Ankara, given that the two sides have fundamental disagreements over Syria.

What are the disagreements about?

Syria is one of the issues straining relations between Washington and Ankara.

Turkey is irked by the policy started by the Obama administration of supporting Kurdish fighters in Syria who are fighting IS forces.

Turkey views the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) as a terror group linked to Kurdish separatists waging an insurgency inside Turkey since 1984.

Turkey – a key Nato ally – has established closer co-operation with Russia recently.

The two sides are also at loggerheads over Fethullah Gulen. Turkey accuses the Pennsylvania-based cleric of orchestrating the failed coup and wants him extradited.

Officially Washington insists any decision on returning him to Turkey from the US remains a judicial rather than a political one.

What have European leaders said?

German Chancellor Angela Merkel warned that the “tight referendum result shows how deeply divided Turkish society is and that means a big responsibility for the Turkish leadership and for President Erdogan personally”.

The European Commission issued a similar call.

Others expressed concern about the possibility of the return of capital punishment.

The French president’s office warned that any referendum on reviving the death penalty would “obviously be a break with values and engagements” that Turkey had accepted in joining the Council of Europe. The president of the European Parliament, Antonio Tajani, tweeted his own concerns.

Austrian Foreign Minister Sebastian Kurz went further. He said the referendum result was a “clear signal against the European Union”. The “fiction” of Turkey’s bid to join the bloc must be ended, Mr Kurz said.

Why are international monitors concerned?

Despite saying that the voting day was “well administered”, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the Council of Europe criticised the referendum campaign, and the Council of Europe said the vote “did not live up” its standards.

The monitors also criticised a late change by electoral officials that allowed voting papers without official stamps to be counted. But the head of Turkey’s electoral body, Sadi Guven, said the unstamped ballot papers had been produced by the High Electoral Board and were valid. He said a similar procedure had been used in past elections.

What did the president say about the result?

Mr Erdogan told supporters that Turkey did not “see, hear or acknowledge the politically motivated reports” of the monitors.

The result, he said, ended the debate on changing the constitution and creating an executive presidency, adding that the process of implementing the reforms would now begin.

He also said the country could hold a referendum on its long-stalled EU membership bid.

Additionally, Mr Erdogan said he would approve the death penalty if it was supported in a referendum or a bill was submitted to him through parliament. This would end Turkey’s EU negotiations.

What do the constitutional changes include?

– The president will have a five-year tenure, for a maximum of two terms

– The president will be able to directly appoint top public officials, including ministers and one or several vice-presidents

– The job of prime minister will be scrapped

– The president will have power to intervene in the judiciary, which Mr Erdogan has accused of being influenced by Fethullah Gulen, the Pennsylvania-based preacher he blames for the failed coup in July

– The president will decide whether or not impose a state of emergency.


Bloomberg. 2017-04-18. How Turkey’s Referendum Could Be a Prelude to French Surprise

Undeterred by warnings, particularly from the Western media — including The Economist’s stark caution that Turkey risked “sliding into dictatorship” — voters narrowly approved a referendum proposal on Sunday that expands President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s powers under the constitution. Judging from some of the voter interviews, one of the drivers of this outcome was the Turkish electorate’s hope that stronger leadership can provide greater stability, security and prosperity.

This phenomenon has also played out in other countries, and is likely to continue to have an effect in the months ahead. As a result, neither markets nor political scientists should underestimate what some swing voters are willing to accept, and risk, in their quest for greater national strength, a development that raises interesting domestic and global issues — including possibly in the upcoming presidential elections in France.

With 51.4 percent of the vote in his favor, and an 85 percent turnout, Erdogan now has wider powers over matters of legislation, finance, appointments and civil society. His win comes at a time of significant regional fluidity, including the conflicts in Syria, together with greater tensions in the country’s already delicate relations with Western Europe.

This referendum outcome will embolden the Turkish government: Its first actions postelection included prolonging the state of emergency for three months and signaling the possibility of holding a referendum on reintroducing the death penalty. But it is also generating internal and external push back.

Seizing on reports of irregularities, including by external observers who noted that the referendum fell short of international standards, opposition parties are questioning the legitimacy of the result. The fact that Turkey’s three main cities voted “no” is seen by some as a signal of caution for the government. Meanwhile, in an unusual set of comments, high-level European officials, including Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, have warned the government against extrapolating too much from a vote that they regard as illustrating a deep split in Turkey.

But all this is unlikely to deter the Turkish government from drawing the same types of conclusions as President Donald Trump did from his election victory and the U.K. government did from the Brexit referendum: Unsettled and, at times, angry citizens are looking for stronger leadership to regain control of their destiny. And this comes at a time of “unusual uncertainty” both at home and abroad.

How the trade-off turns out well will depend both on how constructively the Turkish government, and Erdogan in particular, uses the new constitutional powers. In the meantime, both markets and political scientists should remember that what occurred in Turkey on Sunday is partly an illustration of a broader global phenomenon of significant numbers of people showing they are willing to take risks in opting for the promise of stronger leadership to secure greater stability and security. And they seem willing to do so even if it entails weakening longstanding checks and balances, potentially fueling political cults of personality and, perhaps even increasing the threat of an eventual slide into greater authoritarianism.

This phenomenon will probably be tested again in the first round of the presidential vote in France on April 23. Already, the three anti-establishment candidates — Marine Le Pen of the National Front, Jean-Luc Melenchon of the far left, and Emmanuel Macron, who is running as part of a self-declared new movement — have shaken up the country’s politics. In the process, they have out-distanced the insiders Francois Fillon and Benoit Hamon, who have been hampered by liabilities of their own making.

Insights from Turkey’s referendum add to the possibility of a victory by one of the unconventional candidates in France. That includes not only the front-runner Macron but there also is a lower extreme tail risk for Le Pen or Melenchon.


Hurriet Daily News. 2017-04-18. Turkey approves presidential system in tight referendum

Some 51.3 percent of the more than 58 million Turkish voters said “yes” to the ruling Justice and Development Party’s (AKP) constitutional amendment package in a tight race to decide on whether to shift to an executive presidential system.

The gap between the two votes stood at around 1.3 million according to midnight figures by the state-run Anadolu Agency. The turnout exceeded 84 percent.

The approval of the amendment package – which was backed by the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP) and opposed by the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) and the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP), the third largest party in parliament – means an administrative shift will take place in 2019 if no early elections are held.

However, the ruling party is expected to call for President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to return to lead the AKP, something that was officially forbidden in the former system due to the constitutional impartiality of the president.

The most debated change in the 18-article package was the granting of executive powers to the elected president, who can pick his cabinet ministers from outside parliament.

Accordingly, the parliamentary and presidential elections will be held on the same day every five years.

The president can appoint one or more vice presidents. The vice presidents will represent the president and will be able to use the authorities of the president in the event that the presidential post has become vacant for any reason. Vice presidents and ministers can be appealed to the Supreme Court by the same procedure as the president, and will benefit from the provisions of immunity about offences not related to their duties.

The “No” vote prevailed in Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir, the three largest cities in Turkey, with 51.3 percent, 51.1 percent and 68.8 percent of the vote respectively.

The “Yes” vote reflected the AKP’s dominance in the Black Sea region, while “No” votes dominated in most southeastern provinces, where the Kurdish-issue focused HDP is strong.

In votes cast overseas, the “Yes” camp won 59.27 percent while “No” votes won 40.73 percent. In Germany, “Yes” won 63.19 percent with 269,036 voters, while the “No” side won 36.81 percent with 157,467 voters.

Tensions ran high between the two NATO allies before the referendum, with Germany canceling several campaign rallies by Turkish ministers on German soil, drawing accusations from Turkey of “Nazi tactics.”

Tensions were also high point between the Netherlands and Turkey due to the former’s banning of campaign events by Turkish ministers. Family Affairs and Social Policies Minister Fatma Betül Sayan Kaya was prevented by Dutch police from reaching Turkey’s consulate in Rotterdam on March 11 after being told not to enter the Netherlands to conduct political campaigning for the referendum. Kaya was subsequently deported to Germany by Dutch police early on March 12. In the Netherlands the “Yes” side won 69.93 percent of the vote and 47,911 votes, while the “No” side stood at 30.07 percent in the Netherlands with 20,602 votes.

“No” votes prevailed in the United States with 83.26 percent and 3,362 votes, while 16,719 Turkish citizens voted “No” in the United States.

With the new amendments, elections can be renewed by both parliament and the president. If the parliament decides in favor of a re-election by 360 votes, parliamentary and presidential elections will be made at the same time.

In addition, all military courts are lifted apart from disciplinary ones.

The configuration of the Constitutional Court has also changed, with the number of members reduced to 15 from 17. Twelve members will be appointed by the president while three will be appointed by parliament.

The name of the Supreme Board of Judges and Elections will be changed into the Board of Judges and Elections. The number of members will be cut to 13 from 22. The minister of justice will be the head of the board, while the undersecretary of the Justice Ministry will be a regular member. Four members will be appointed by the president, three by parliament, three by the Supreme Court, and one by the Council of State.

The president will have the authority to issue budgets for approval by the parliament.

With the change, the number of MPs will be increased to 600 from the current 550. The minimum age to be elected will be reduced to 18 from 25.

Debate on a parliamentary inquiry can be initiated about any misconduct of the president regarding presidential duties by the votes of 301 lawmakers. However, the parliamentary inquiry can only be initiated with 360 votes. If the inquiry concludes that the president has committed misconduct, a minimum 400 votes will open the path to appeal to the Supreme Court. The procedure will also be applicable after the term of the president ends.

Pubblicato in: Medio Oriente, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

Turkia. Mr Erdoğan nomina direttamente i nuovi rettori.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-11-17.

 istanbul-004

Tutto richiede il suo tempo per maturare. Nulla si attua in modo istantaneo.

Se è del tutto ragionevole cercare di supportare la propria visione del mondo e portarla a conoscenza al più vasto pubblico possibile, sarebbe altrettanto ragionevole prendere atto che ugualmente possono tranquillamente esistere modi differenti di intendere ed agire.

Così, visioni differenti potrebbero sia contrapporsi muro contro muro, magari evolvendo anche ad uno scontro armato, sia, più ragionevolmente, dovrebbero trovare un come modus vivendi. Usualmente gli accordi sono sempre più vantaggiosi degli scontri.

Nel rapportarsi agli altri, l’Occidente è incorso negli ultimi decenni in alcuni severi errori di valutazione, il peggiore dei quali è stato il voler esportare ed imporre la propria Weltanschauung. Questo atteggiamento mentale e nella prassi è determinato dal fatto che l’Occidente o, meglio, la sua attuale dirigenza pro tempore, è convinta a livello di credo fideistico di essere nel giusto e di rappresentare la giustizia sulla terra. Cosa che sarebbe tutta da dimostrare.

Il secondo errore, che deriva strettamente dal primo, è una stordente ipocrisia comportamentale. L’Occidente considera giusto e perfetto ciò che fa, condannando aspramente chi facesse lo stesso ma non su suo ordine.

Negli anni sessanta, quando l’Occidente rendeva ragione di oltre il 90% del pil mondiale ciò che l’Occidente decretava gli altri dovevano subirlo senza fiatare, ma ad oggi ove l’Occidente genera un po’ più del 40% del pil mondiale i desideri dell’occidente restano tali e gli altri si comportano come meglio ritengono essere opportuno.

È stato in altri termini optato per un atteggiamento di scontro pericoloso quanto improduttivo, che ha aperto straordinari orizzonti alla concorrenza politica ed economica nel governo del mondo.

«China’s popularity …. is strong. Its policy of not linking aid and investments to human rights and good governance has made Beijing many friends on the continent, beyond its authoritarian governments». [Deutsche Welle]

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Gli scontri improduttivi, ovvero quelli persi, impongono però un rinnovo della dirigenza: e questo è il fenomeno in atto in Occidente, piaccia o non piaccia.

Australia. Il senato blocca i matrimoni gay. Riflessi sulla politica mondiale.

Australia. Asylum seekers banditi a vita dal loro territorio.

Polonia – EU al round finale sulla Corte Costituzionale.

Germania. Spd propone legge sui migranti.

Trump vs Clinton. La sorpresa delle preferenze francesi.

Prosegue e si allarga la rivolta all’impèrio mondiale. Gambia.

Cina. Una diplomazia alla conquista del mondo.

Eurozona. Si inizia a parlare di una riforma.

Cina. È diventata il maggiore investitore nell’Europa dell’est.

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Se nell’ambito dell’Unione Europea i movimenti politici eurocritici stanno conquistando fette sempre maggiori di elettorato e nelle prossime tornate elettorali in Austria, Italia, Olanda, Francia e Germania potrebbero anche condizionare fortemente la formazione dei relativi governi, il Brexit è stato un colpo severo. I segni della disgregazione sono evidenti. Mr Trump ha ricevuto con grande ostentazione Mr Farage e non ha nemmeno risposto alla lettera di Mr Juncker.

Dall’altro lato dell’Oceano Atlantico questo sommovimento è esitato nel trionfo di Mr Trump alle elezioni presidenziali: Mr Trump è un outsider, ossia una persona senza legami con l’establishment attualmente dominante negli Stati Uniti. Non supportato dal proprio partito ed avversato con ogni mezzo da quello rivale, il nuovo presidente degli Stati Uniti rappresenta l’elemento di rottura che dovrebbe concretizzarsi in una Realpolitik da parte dell’America.

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Quanto detto è prolegomeno per comprender quanto stia succedendo in Turkia.

L’Unione Europea e gli Stati Uniti hanno preso distanze da quanto successo recentemente in Turkia, arrivando al punto di dimenticarsi sia di quanto avessero concorso in passato a generare una situazione esplosiva sia del fatto che, bene o male, la Turkia è paese membro della Nato.

A voler essere precisi, però, più che Unione Europea e Stati Uniti sono stati i loro attuali dirigenti: dirigenti in via di disarmo, ad iniziar da Mr Obama, il cui partito non è riuscito a vincere le elezioni presidenziali, e che a fine gennaio scomparirà dalla scena politica.

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Il Presidente Erdoğan ha fatto né più né meno quello che in Occidente fanno le logge massoniche. Perché mai biasimarlo?

Non ci si venga a raccontare che in Occidente l’amministrazione della giustizia sia un potere autonomo: è il braccio armato della massoneria. Serve solo a fare processi politici ed a condannare i nemici del sistema.

Nel caso specifico, ovunque i rettori sono nominati dalla proprietà: è quindi del tutto ragionevole che in Turkia essi siano nominati da Mr. Erdoğan. Forse che in Occidente si potrebbe trovare anche un solo rettore che non sia massone?

Forse che in Occidente si potrebbe trovare anche un solo rettore che non applichi rigorosamente le quote rosa, oppure che sia “pro-life”, antiabortista e che non condivida, e quindi non applichi, la teoria del gender? Se uno osasse tanto lo farebbero dimettere immediatamente, anche se ben più spesso sarebbe trascinato davanti ad una corte di giustizia penale.

Ci si pensi su molto bene.

La Turkia è una nazione geopoliticamente e militarmente strategica. Deciderà Mr Trump come ci si debba comportare.


Hürriyet Daily News. 2016-11-13. President given power to directly appoint rectors to universities in Turkey

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan will be able to appoint rectors to universities directly without having to consider the preferences of academics following the imposition of the latest state of emergency decree on Oct. 29. 

The regulation brings an end to the practice introduced in 1992, which states that rector candidates are elected by the academics at the universities in question before being presented to the president, who can either accept the recommendation or choose another scholar as rector.

The authority to directly appoint rectors was part of an omnibus bill that the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) sought to pass after the attempted July 15 coup, widely believed to have been masterminded by followers of the U.S.-based Islamic preacher Fethullah Gülen, but was retracted after the opposition parties fought against it.

With the new regulation, the president will choose from three rector candidates determined by Turkey’s Higher Education Board (YÖK) for state universities. However, the president will be able to appoint a rector directly if he does not select one of those presented by YÖK within a month and the body does not present a new candidate. The rectors will be able to work for a maximum of two terms in state universities. 

In addition, with the new state of emergency decree, Turkish authorities have dismissed a total of 10,131 civil servants over suspected links to Gülenists and other groups. 

Thousands of academics, teachers and health workers were among those removed through the new decree, while 15 media outlets, all of which focused on the southeast or socialist causes, were shut down.

According to the decree, members of “terrorist organizations or groups involved in activities against the country’s national security or those in contact with terrorist organizations or groups” have been dismissed.         
Some 32 officials from the parliament, 183 from the Court of Cassation, 249 from the Directorate of Religious Affairs, 2,534 from the Justice Ministry, 102 from the Foreign Ministry, 2,219 from the Education Ministry, 2,774 from the Health Ministry and 101 from the Turkish Armed Forces were also removed from their positions. A total of 1,267 academics were also dismissed with the new decree, including many from prestigious universities. 

A total of 1,082 police officers, including former, retired and dismissed have been stripped of their ranks by the decree due to their alleged links to the Gülenists. Their respective gun licenses, retired police identification cards, pilot licenses and ship crew documents and passports were also canceled. The officers will not be assigned again to the civil service, and they cannot benefit from rights that come with their ranks. They also cannot establish a private security firm or partner or be employed by a private security firm.

Fifteen media outlets, including Dicle News Agency; Azadiya Welat, Jin News Agency, Evrensel Kültür Magazine and many newspapers and magazines were closed by the decree over their alleged links to the outlawed Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK). In total, two news agencies, 10 newspapers and three magazines were shut down with the new degree. 

Separately, the permanent press cards of journalists Hasan Cemal and Doğan Akın were canceled, the Directorate General of Press and Information of the Prime Ministry said on its website.

Meanwhile, a restriction has been introduced against those who have been charged over terrorism, coup plotting or any crime against the state. The aforementioned convicts’ meetings with their lawyers will be listened to and recorded. Authorities will be able to seize documents used in the meetings between the convict and the lawyer, will be able to end the meetings immediately and will also be able to limit the days or hours of the meetings. These restrictions will be ended upon a decision by judges. The Chief Public Prosecutor’s Office will also be able to ban meetings for six months.

Additionally, convicts charged with the aforementioned crimes will be able to bring three lawyers to the hearings at most. The hearings will continue even if the lawyers of the convicts leave the court room without stating a reason, the emergency decree states. 

A small number of people also returned to their post as part of the new decree, with 39 soldiers, including two generals, three parliament personnel, 31 Education Ministry personnel and one Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD) staff member returning to their posts. 

Changes were also introduced to the practices of the Defense Ministry. The new state of emergency decree paves the way for all graduates of engineering faculties to become pilots in the Air Force, which comes amid a shortage in the number of pilots in the army due to dismissals after the failed coup attempt. 

Separately, the decree said those who were injured during the July 15 coup attempt would receive the title of war veteran.

Pubblicato in: Geopolitica Mondiale, Unione Europea

Putin il Grande. Dopo il Brexit Erdogan chiede scusa.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2016-06-28.

 baciamo-le-mani

Estraiamo dal sito ufficiale del Kremlin.

«Владимиром Путиным получено послание Президента Турции Реджепа Тайипа Эрдогана

Владимиром Путиным получено послание Президента Турецкой Республики Реджепа Тайипа Эрдогана, в котором турецкий лидер выразил свою заинтересованность в урегулировании ситуации, связанной с гибелью российского военного самолёта.

27 июня 2016 года 15:55

В послании, в частности, отмечается, что Россия является для Турции другом и стратегическим партнёром, с которым турецкие власти не хотели бы портить отношения. «У нас, – подчёркивает Реджеп Тайип Эрдоган, – никогда не было желания и заведомого намерения сбить самолёт, принадлежащий Российской Федерации».

Далее говорится, что, «взяв на себя все риски и приложив большие усилия, мы забрали тело погибшего российского пилота у сирийских оппозиционеров и привезли его в Турцию. Организация предпохоронных процедур была проведена в соответствии с религиозными и военными процедурами.

Вся эта работа была проведена нами на уровне, достойном турецко-российских отношений. Я хочу ещё раз выразить своё сочувствие и глубокие соболезнования семье погибшего российского пилота и говорю: извините. Всем сердцем разделяю их боль. Семью российского пилота мы воспринимаем как турецкую семью. Во имя облегчения боли и тяжести нанесённого ущерба мы готовы к любой инициативе».

В послании также отмечается, что в отношении гражданина Турции, имя которого ассоциируется со смертью российского пилота, начато и ведётся судебное расследование.

Реджеп Тайип Эрдоган выражает своё глубокое сожаление по поводу произошедшего и подчёркивает готовность делать всё возможное для восстановления традиционно дружественных отношений между Турцией и Россией, а также совместно реагировать на кризисные события в регионе, бороться с терроризмом.»

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«Vladimir Putin ha ricevuto il messaggio del Presidente della Turchia Recep Tayyip Erdogan, in cui il leader turco ha espresso il suo interesse per risolvere la situazione connessa con la morte di un pilota di un aereo militare russo.

In particolare il messaggio evidenzia come la Russia sia di amica e partner strategico della Turchia, con la quale le autorità turche non vorrebbe rovinare i rapporti. “Noi – sottolinea Recep Tayyip Erdogan – non abbiamo mai desiderato né avuto l’intenzione di abbattere un aereo che sapevamo appartenere alla Federazione Russa. ….

Voglio ancora una volta esprimere la mia solidarietà e le mie più sentite condoglianze alla famiglia del pilota russo defunto e chiedere scusa. Condivido con tutto il cuore il loro dolore. Un pilota russo che percepiamo come uno della famiglia turca. Per alleviare il dolore, data la gravità del danno inflitto, siamo pronti ad assumere ogni qualsiasi iniziativa.

Recep Tayyip Erdogan ha espresso il suo profondo rammarico per l’incidente e sottolinea la volontà di fare tutto il possibile per ristabilire i rapporti tradizionalmente amichevoli tra la Turchia e la Russia, nonché congiuntamente rispondere agli eventi di crisi nella regione per combattere il terrorismo».

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Lettera di Mr. Erdogan a Mr. Putin, inviata il giorno dopo il Brexit.

Adesso sappiamo chi conta in Europa.

Nota.

Il mio russo è rudimentale, ma la traduzione dovrebbe essere ragionevole.

 

Sole 24 Ore. 2016-06-27. Erdogan si piega davanti a Putin: «Chiedo scusa per l’aereo abbattuto»

Alla fine il pragmatismo ha avuto la meglio sull’orgoglio, e Recep Tayyep Erdogan ha chiesto scusa. «Non abbiamo mai avuto il desiderio o l’intenzione di abbattere quell’aereo», scrive il presidente turco in un messaggio pubblicato sul sito del Cremlino. L’aereo è il bombardiere Su-24 colpito e precipitato il 24 novembre scorso presso il confine tra Turchia e Siria, confine che il jet avrebbe violato – secondo Ankara. Alla famiglia del pilota russo rimasto ucciso Erdogan ora esprime «la mia partecipazione e le più profonde condoglianze: scusate. Condivido il loro dolore con tutto il cuore. Per noi saranno come una famiglia turca. Per alleviare il dolore e la gravità del danno arrecato, siamo pronti a fare qualunque cosa».

Era quello che Vladimir Putin pretendeva, in questi mesi di gelo che ha bruscamente paralizzato i contatti economici e commerciali tra Mosca e Ankara. A quella che il presidente russo aveva definito «una pugnalata traditrice nella schiena» era seguito il bando sull’import in Russia di generi alimentari turchi, blocco ai pacchetti vacanze delle agenzie di viaggio, misure restrittive per le aziende turche impegnate in Russia.

E incertezza generale sul fronte del gas, le forniture e il destino del progetto Turkish Stream. Per tutto questo, aveva anticipato lunedì il premier turco Binali Yildirim, si stanno preparando «sviluppi positivi». E infatti Erdogan nel suo messaggio a Putin fa subito seguire alle scuse l’interesse a normalizzare la situazione con un partner strategico, a rilanciare i tradizionali rapporti di amicizia tra la Turchia e la Russia, a reagire congiuntamente alla crisi che il Medio Oriente sta attraversando, a lottare contro il terrorismo.

In queste parole si nascondono gli sviluppi che lo sblocco del confronto Mosca-Ankara potrebbe avere sulla guerra in Siria, e in cui con ogni probabilità rientra anche la simultanea normalizzazione – dopo cinque anni – dei rapporti tra Turchia e Israele.

 

RT. 2016-06-27. Erdogan apologizes to Putin over death of Russian pilot, calls Russia ‘friend & strategic partner’

Russian President Vladimir Putin has received a letter in which his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan apologized for the death of the pilot who was killed when a Russian jet was downed over the Syrian-Turkish border last November, the Kremlin said.

Erdogan expressed readiness to restore relations with Moscow, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Monday.

The incident involving the downing of the Russian Su-24 bomber led to the worst deterioration of Turkish-Russian relations in recent history, with Russia describing it as a “stab in the back.” 

The head of the Turkish state expressed his deep sympathy and condolences to the relatives of the deceased Russian pilot and said ‘sorry,’” Peskov said.

In his letter, Erdogan called Russia “a friend and a strategic partner” of Ankara, with whom the Turkish authorities would not want to spoil relations.

“We never had a desire or a deliberate intention to down an aircraft belonging to Russia,” the letter read, according to a statement published on the Kremlin website.

According to the statement, Erdogan’s letter stressed that “the Turkish side undertook all the risks and made a great effort to recover the body of the Russian pilot from the Syrian opposition, bringing it to Turkey. The organization of the pre-burial procedures was conducted in accordance with all religious and military procedures.”

Ankara has treated the family of the dead Russian pilot as if it were a Turkish family and is “ready for any initiatives to relieve the pain and severity of the damage done,” the letter said.

The address by the Turkish leader also informed that a criminal investigation has been launched against the person suspected of killing the Russian pilot, the Kremlin said.

In addition, Erdogan expressed readiness to tackle security challenges in the region and fight terrorism together with Moscow.

Turkish Hurriyet newspaper reported that sources close to Erdogan have confirmed that the letter with the apology was sent to Moscow.

On November 24, 2015, a Russian Su-24 bomber, taking part in an anti-terrorist mission in Syria, was brought down by the Turkish Air Force.

The plane crashed in rebel-held territory in Syria near the Turkish border. The pilots ejected, but one – Lieutenant Colonel Oleg Peshkov – was killed by machine gun fire from the militants on the ground.

Turkish nationalist Alparslan Celik has claimed responsibility for Peshkov’s death.

Ankara claimed that it attacked the Russian bomber for violating its airspace, but was never able to provide proof that any wrongdoing took place.

Moscow vigorously denied the Turkish claims, calling the downing of the plane “a stab in the back” from a state which it had considered an ally.

Russia reacted strongly to the incident, imposing a wave of sanctions against Turkey, which affected trade, tourism, joint energy projects and other areas.

From the start, the Kremlin made it clear that restoration of normal relations with Turkey would be impossible without Ankara apologizing and paying compensation to the pilot’s family.

The news of Erdogan’s apology had a positive effect on Turkey’s currency. The Turkish lira rallied to 2.9330 from 2.9430 against the US dollar, Reuters reported.

Turkey’s foreign minister, Mevlut Cavusoglu, will take part in a meeting of the foreign ministers of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, due to take place in the Russian resort of Sochi on July 1, Turkish NTV channel reported.

An invitation to participate in the event was sent to Cavusoglu by Russia’s Foreign Ministry last week.