Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

G7. De profundis per l’Occidente. Atto di morte.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-29.

2017-09-29__Torino__001

A Torino è in corso il

G7 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting

tra il comune disinteresse ed un assodante silenzio della stampa internazionale e domestica.

G7 di Venaria su industria, scienza e lavoro. Flop totale.

*

Eppure il G-7 avrebbe dovuto essere il Summit dei paesi occidentali più industrializzati, insomma, di quei paesi che ritengono di poter governare il mondo.

Il tema poi sarebbe anche stato di estrema attualità: il lavoro e l’occupazione.

Ma quanto conta il G-7?

Quanto contano gli stati del G-7?

Mr Trump si è fatto il G-1.

Mr Abe è dimissionario. Mrs May gestisce un governo di minoranza. Mr Macron ha conquistato al senato 22 seggi su 140: non certo definibili come maggioranza. Frau Merkel ha preso una mazzata sui denti che la resa edentula.

I sistemi economici dei paesi afferenti il G-7 rendono ragione di circa il 30% dell’economia mondiale, poco meno dell’ammontare di quelli dei Brics, per non parlare dei Brics Plus.

Ma il discorso è ben più ampio di quello meramente economico.

La vera perdente è l’attuale Weltanschauung occidentale, quella di derivazione liberal a socialista ideologica.

Questo G-7 è il suo atto di morte.

*

Eppure si era mossa persino la International Trade Union Confederation.

Aveva presentato anche un documento che sembrerebbe essere stato scritto ai primi dell’ottocento, prima per intenderci delle guerre per l’indipendenza italiana.

Titolo oltremodo ambizioso:

Framing the Future of Work with Just Transition Principles.

«The G7 Ministers of Labour and Employment are meeting in Turin on 29 and 30 September to address the Future of Work in the context of rising inequalities and gaps in job quality, coupled with major structural changes to our economies driven by digitalisation, demographic changes and migration»

*

«The discussion on the Future of Work should be firmly based on Just Transition principles by which special attention should be paid to regions and sectors that may be impacted by climate change, to ensure that workers are not paying the cost of adjustment to the Next Production Revolution and the digitalisation of our economies»

*

«Support social dialogue at firm-level through worker participation mechanisms to help anticipate changes and incrementally improve innovation»

*

«Enable the labour market participation of women and youth by formalising informal work with targeted active labour market policies, investing in quality child care, minimum wages and universal social protection and introducing measures on equal pay legislation and effective wage policies»

* * * * * * *

È un testo schizofrenico.

Parlano di concetti oramai deprivati dei loro contenuti.

Chiusi in una riunione che non interessa a nulla e nessuno parlano di problemi inesistenti e dei quali nessuno più si cura: sembrano un gruppetto di ricoverati in ospedale psichiatrico che si dichiarano vicendevolmente. “io sono Napoleone” ed “io sono Giulio Cesare“. In realtà sono solo ricoverati in manicomio.

Il fatto reale è semplice: il G7 non conta più nulla.

*

Ma questa stagione di deliri schizoidi mica che sia finita qui!

Reset G7, tensioni alla Street Parade

Duecento persone, un mix di ragazzetti e tante teste bianche, hanno inscenato a Torino durante la notte una manifestazione contro Dio solo sa che cosa.

Dire che siano patetici sarebbe un troppo grande complimento.

“Schiavi”?

Sì: sono schiavi dei loro deliri.


International Trade Union Confederation. 2017-09-26. Trade Union Statement to the G7 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting – Turin, September 2017

Framing the Future of Work with Just Transition Principles

Trade Union Statement to the

G7 Labour and Employment Ministers’ Meeting

Turin, September 2017

*

 The G7 Ministers of Labour and Employment are meeting in Turin on 29 and 30 September to address the Future of Work in the context of rising inequalities and gaps in job quality, coupled with major structural changes to our economies driven by digitalisation, demographic changes and migration.

The discussion on the Future of Work should be firmly based on Just Transition principles by which special attention should be paid to regions and sectors that may be impacted by climate change, to ensure that workers are not paying the cost of adjustment to the Next Production Revolution and the digitalisation of our economies. G7 Ministers are urged to identify principles and concrete actions to secure an equitable distribution of the gains from globalised and digitalised economies.

Ministers should:

  • Endorse Just Transition principles for workers by committing to strengthening the role of labour market institutions, including collective bargaining;

  • Commit to tripartite social dialogue frameworks at national and sector level on the impact of automation and digitalisation and the design, development and introduction of digital and green technologies;

  • Support social dialogue at firm-level through worker participation mechanisms to help anticipate changes and incrementally improve innovation;

  • Ensure fundamental labour rights – including freedom of association and the right to bargain collectively – decent wages and social protection across the digital economy, and specifically in the platform economy, in the face of rising forms of non-standard jobs, self-employed workers or the use of civil contracts. Employers, including platform providers, should be held responsible for the wage and working conditions of their employeesiii;

  • Stimulate job creation, public and private investment in the green and care economies, ICT and STEM related sectors and high-speed broadband coverage;

  • Enable the labour market participation of women and youth by formalising informal work with targeted active labour market policies, investing in quality child care, minimum wages and universal social protection and introducing measures on equal pay legislation and effective wage policies;

….»

Annunci
Pubblicato in: Cina, India, Russia

‘Time for BRICS to assume a leadership role’

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-04.

2017-09-04__Cina__001

Il miglior commento al Summit di Xiamen sembrerebbe essere quello fatto dal Governo della China:

Time for BRICS to assume a leadership role

«For decades, resources have been monopolized by developed nations, leaving developing nations lacking infrastructure and social development.

Contributing more than half of global growth over the past ten years, the BRICS nations are finding their own solutions to address the governance disparity.

The bloc’s New Development Bank (NDB), which was launched in 2014 with a focus on infrastructure and sustainable development projects, stands as a good example of what a new kind of world governance would look like.

In contrast to the quota system of other international financial institutions based on the role of a certain member, members of the NDB have equal voting power, a distinctive feature of the bank.

China has put forward the “BRICS Plus” proposal this year by inviting the leaders of Egypt, Guinea, Mexico, Tajikistan and Thailand to attend the Dialogue of Emerging Markets and Developing Countries during the summit and engage in dialogue with the BRICS members.

This will allow the BRICS summit to be an effective platform for voicing the needs, demands and aspirations of both the developing and underdeveloped nations in the world, and enable the organization to play a more decisive role in global governance.»

*

«Xi will chair the Dialogue of Emerging Markets and Developing Countries on Sept. 5, which will be attended by the leaders from the five BRICS countries, as well as the leaders of Egypt, Mexico, Tajikistan, Guinea and Thailand.»

* * * * * * *

«Time for BRICS to assume a leadership role»

*

Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

*

Fatevi adesso un piccolo conto: quando valgono i Brics Plus?


China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi shares vision on BRICS new ‘golden decade’

Chinese President Xi Jinping has shared his vision for the BRICS cooperation which he believes will enter a second “golden decade” if the emerging-market countries work together to overcome the challenges of weak growth and threats to world peace.

Addressing the BRICS Business Forum in Xiamen on Sunday, with Brazilian President Michel Temer and South African President Jacob Zuma in audience, Xi said after ten years a fully-fledged BRICS cooperation framework is taking shape.

With Russia’s Vladimir Putin and India’s Narendra Modi joining in, the leaders of the world’s five major developing countries will chart way forward for the bloc at the ninth BRICS summit scheduled for Sept. 3-5.

Xi on Sunday refuted the assertion that BRICS is losing luster.

He said despite headwinds causing growth setbacks, the BRICS countries are “fully confident” about their growth potential and the future outlook.

Tangible Benefits

BRIC was first coined in 2001 to describe four emerging economies with fast growth and great potential. The concept turned into a formal cooperation framework in 2006. Four years later, South Africa joined. BRIC became BRICS.

Xi said the past decade has seen the BRICS countries making headway in pursuing common development. Their combined GDP grew 179 percent, trade increased 94 percent and urban population expanded 28 percent during the period.

The development of the BRICS countries over the past decade has delivered tangible benefits to more than 3 billion people.

Xi said three important practices of the shared value should be carried forward — treating each other as equals, seeking results-oriented cooperation, and bearing in mind the well-being of the world.

“Dialogue without confrontation, partnership without alliance,” Xi summed up the cooperation principle in a simple phrase.

He said the principle has gained growing endorsement and has become a positive energy in the international community.

Rising Up To Challenges

The Chinese president said the global economy remains in a period of adjustment featuring weak growth and no apparent new drivers. Due to sluggish growth, protectionism and inward-looking mentality are on the rise. Uneven development and a deficit of fairness have become more acute.

He challenged BRICS countries to create new impetus for growth and continue to improve global economic governance.

“We should not ignore problems arising from economic globalization or just complain about them. Rather, we should make joint efforts to find solutions,” Xi said.

He said the BRICS countries should promote the building of an open global economy, advance trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, build new global value chains, and rebalance economic globalization.

“Only openness delivers progress, and only inclusiveness sustains such progress,” Xi said.

The long road to peace is not smooth, Xi said, calling on the BRICS countries to play a constructive part in the process of resolving geopolitical hotspot issues and make due contributions.

He envisioned flames of war dying and displaced refugees returning home as dialogue and consultation settle issues in Syria, Libya and the Palestine-Israel conflict.

Making Bigger Pie

The Chinese president said the development of emerging market and developing countries is not intended to “move the cheese of anyone” but to “make the pie of the global economy bigger.”

Over the past ten years, the share of the five BRICS countries in the global economy has more than doubled. They have contributed to more than half of global growth.

Xi said more emerging market and developing countries should be involved because BRICS, as a platform with global influence, concerns more than five countries.

During the Xiamen summit, China will hold the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries, where the leaders of Egypt, Guinea, Mexico, Tajikistan and Thailand will join the BRICS leaders in discussing global development cooperation and South-South cooperation.

While outreach programs have existed in past BRICS summits since 2013, it is the first time participating leaders have come from around the world, but not just neighbors of the host country.

Xi said this “BRICS Plus” approach should be promoted to build an open and diversified network of development partners for the bloc.

Marching On With Reform

Turning to China, Xi said the country had made the “right choice” on deepening reform and will march on in strides.

“The past decade has not only seen solid progress in the BRICS cooperation; it has also witnessed the unfolding of all-round reform and opening up in China and its rapid economic and social development,” Xi told the forum.

He said China’s economic aggregate grew by 239 percent over the past ten years and the lives of its 1.3 billion-plus people have been significantly improved.

In the first half of 2017, the Chinese economy expanded by 6.9 percent and added 7.35 million new urban jobs.

Xi said China has been making increasingly more contribution to regional and global economy.

He said the Belt and Road Initiative, for example, is not a tool to advance any geopolitical agenda, but a platform for practical cooperation.

The initiative is not a foreign aid scheme, but one that advocates interconnected development with extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits.

“Going forward, China will continue to put into practice the vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and inclusive development,” he said.

“We will adapt to and steer the new normal of economic development, push forward supply-side structural reform, accelerate the building of a new system for an open economy, drive economic development with innovation, and achieve sustainable development,” Xi said.


China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi, Putin meet on bilateral ties, DPRK nuclear test

Chinese President Xi Jinping met with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin on Sunday, calling for enhancing mutual support and strategic coordination.

The two leaders also agreed to appropriately deal with the latest nuclear test conducted by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

Putin is in the southeastern Chinese coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, to attend the ninth BRICS summit and the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries scheduled for Sept. 3-5.

The two sides should consolidate the high-level mutual political trust, firmly strengthen mutual support and enhance strategic coordination, Xi said.

The role of bilateral cooperation mechanisms should be well played to advance projects in key areas including energy, aerospace and aviation, as well as nuclear power.

He urged advancing the integration of the Belt and Road Initiative with the Eurasian Economic Union.

Mutual understanding and friendship between the two peoples should be promoted through closer people-to-people and cultural exchanges and those at local levels, he said.

Xi also called on enhancing military cooperation as well as coordination on multilateral arenas.

China is willing to join hands with Russia to raise the bilateral relations to a higher level, promoting respective development and jointly safeguarding regional and world peace and stability, he said.

On BRICS cooperation, Xi said it is in line with the interests of the BRICS countries and the expectation of international community, especially the emerging market and developing countries, to enhance the group’s cooperation and enable the BRICS countries to play a more important role in international affairs.

The BRICS countries should consolidate solidarity and cooperation to send out positive signals to the world, chart the course and define the priorities for cooperation based on the overall situation, strengthen coordination to enhance international influence, and improve mechanisms of BRICS cooperation, said Xi.

China is willing to work with Russia and other BRICS countries to achieve fruitful results at the Xiamen summit and implement the outcomes effectively so that the BRICS can usher in a second “golden decade” of cooperation.

For his part, Putin said it is significant for China and Russia to strengthen comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination and boost communication and coordination on major international and regional issues.

He said Russia stands ready for closer cooperation with China in such areas as investment, energy, agriculture, infrastructure, and aerospace and aviation.

The two countries should also increase exchanges in culture, education, sports, media and tourism as well as those at local levels. Military exchanges should be closer, he said.

While discussing international and regional issues, the two leaders agreed to appropriately deal with the DPRK’s latest nuclear test.

The DPRK on Sunday successfully detonated a hydrogen bomb that can be carried by an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), DPRK’s Central Television announced. This was the sixth nuclear test the DPRK has undertaken.

China’s Foreign Ministry issued a statement, expressing firm opposition to and strong condemnation of the nuclear test.

Xi and Putin agreed to stick to the goal of denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula and keep close communication and coordination to deal with the new situation.

After the meeting, the two leaders visited an exhibition on intangible cultural heritage originated from southern Fujian Province.


China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi calls for synergizing development strategies among BRICS countries.

Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday called on BRICS countries to synergize their development strategies to stimulate growth potential.

Xi made the remarks while addressing the ninth BRICS summit in the southeastern Chinese city of Xiamen, which was also attended by leaders of Brazil, Russia, India and South Africa.

The five countries should find areas where their respective development policies and priorities converge, and work to build a big market for trade and investment, achieve smooth flow of currency and finance, and realize infrastructure connectivity, Xi said.

“Despite our differences in national conditions, our five countries are in a similar stage of development and share the same development goals. We all face an arduous task in growing the economy,” Xi noted.

He said strengthening the complementarity of their development strategies will bring out their comparative strengths in resources, market and labor force, release the growth potential of the five countries and the creativity of their 3 billion people, and open up huge space for development. P Xi said the five countries need to plan well at the macro level and take concrete actions in key areas.

“With a focus on structural reform and sustainable development, we need to expand our converging interests and share experience on innovation, entrepreneurship, industrial development and production capacity to boost our economic development,” said Xi.

He said it is important to strike a balance between the speed of growth and the quality and efficiency of growth. By implementing the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, BRICS countries have the opportunity to achieve balanced economic, social and environmental progress, and bring about interconnected and inclusive development, said Xi.


China Org. 2017-09-04. China to enhance cooperation with Thailand: Xi

Chinese President Xi Jinping met with Thai Prime Minister Prayut Chan-o-cha on Monday, calling for enhanced bilateral cooperation in various fields.

Prayut is in the southeastern Chinese coastal city of Xiamen to attend the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries scheduled for Sept. 5.

China appreciates Thailand’s active participation in the Belt and Road Initiative, and is willing to strengthen cooperation with Thailand in areas of investment, railway, Internet finance, digital economy and e-commerce, Xi said.


China Org. 2017-09-04. Xi stresses China-Mexico strategic synergy

Chinese President Xi Jinping said Monday China and Mexico should synergize development strategies on the basis of their cooperative achievements since the two sides forged diplomatic ties 45 years ago.

Xi made the remarks when meeting with Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto, who came to the southeastern Chinese coastal city of Xiamen to attend the Dialogue of Emerging Market and Developing Countries scheduled for Sept. 5.


China Org. 2017-09-04. China expects stronger partnership for upcoming BRICS summit

China wants to build stronger partnerships within and beyond the five BRICS countries during the upcoming BRICS Xiamen Summit, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said in Beijing Wednesday.

Speaking at a press briefing on the summit, Wang said that China expects outcomes in several areas, including strengthening economic and security cooperation, increasing cultural and people-to-people exchanges, enhancing institutional building, as well as promoting stronger partnerships with other emerging market countries and developing countries.

China will hold the BRICS Business Forum from Sept. 3 to 4, which will be the largest so far, Wang said.

Chinese President Xi Jinping will attend the opening ceremony of the forum and deliver a keynote speech, reviewing the progress that BRICS countries have made in the past ten years and looking to the future. Leaders of some other countries will also address the forum.

The BRICS Xiamen Summit opens on Sept. 4.

Xi will chair a small meeting of BRICS leaders, discussing world economy, global governance, international and regional hotspot issues, and national security and development. A larger meeting will focus on deepening cooperation, promoting cultural and people-to-people exchanges, as well as enhancing institutional building.

The BRICS leaders will also attend the opening ceremony of the BRICS Cultural Festival and Photo Exhibition, a meeting of the BRICS Business Council and a signing ceremony, which will be followed by a welcome banquet hosted by Xi and his wife, Peng Liyuan.

Three pillars

The BRICS mechanism has entered a new stage featuring the three pillars of economic cooperation, political and security cooperation, and people-to-people exchanges, Wang said. He added that there will be an increase in cultural activities involving BRICS countries this year as China holds the BRICS chairmanship.

China held the 2017 BRICS Games in its southern city of Guangzhou in June, marking the first comprehensive multilateral sports and cultural exchanges under the framework of BRICS cooperation.

China has also held a media forum, film festival, traditional medicine meeting and young diplomats forum, to promote friendship and understanding between the peoples of BRICS countries.

“The leaders of the BRICS countries will continue to accumulate consensus on strengthening people-to-people exchanges during the upcoming BRICS Xiamen Summit,” Wang said.

Beyond BRICS

Xi will chair the Dialogue of Emerging Markets and Developing Countries on Sept. 5, which will be attended by the leaders from the five BRICS countries, as well as the leaders of Egypt, Mexico, Tajikistan, Guinea and Thailand.

“It is in the interests of all sides to strengthen cooperation among emerging markets and developing countries through the BRICS platform, therefore China has proposed the ‘BRICS plus’ concept based on past experiences,” Wang said.

The dialogue will focus on deepening cooperation and promoting common development, and a statement will be released on the outcomes achieved on implementing a sustainable development agenda, promoting South-South cooperation, building partnerships and improving global governance.

Xi will hold a press conference after the dialogue to summarize the outcomes of the BRICS Xiamen Summit.

“China stands ready to work with other BRICS countries to make BRICS cooperation bigger, stronger and more solid to benefit not only the five BRICS countries, but also the whole world,” Wang said.


China Org. 2017-09-04. Ambassadors on BRICS Plus

BRICS Plus, as a model of expansion, was proposed by China on the basis of successful practices in former BRICS Summits. It is sought to establish widespread partnerships between BRICS member countries and other developing countries through dialogues and cooperation, expand our circle of friends, and shape the BRICS mechanism into an influential cooperation platform for South-South cooperation, so as to better reflect the common ground and collective will of the developing countries.

Then how do other developing countries make of the proposal? What opportunities does the BRICS Plus promise to them? To get some insight about these, China Today interviewed ambassadors of Iran, Georgia, Nepal, and South Sudan to China as well as two diplomats from Argentina and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.

Iranian Ambassador to China Ali Asghar Khaji

“Since its founding, the BRICS cooperation mechanism has been representing a new cooperation concept, and played an important role in giving a voice in the international community on behalf of the developing world. The Iranian government showed its support to the BRICS Plus proposal when it was first put forward. As an important developing country in the region of North Africa and West Asia, Iran is poised to strengthen its cooperation with China under the framework of the Belt and Road and the BRICS Plus. In addition, we also hope China as a leading developing country, can play a bigger role in advancing cooperation among developing countries on such aspects as economy, security and social development.”

Pubblicato in: Cina, Russia

Brics Summit. Xiamen. Punto di vista della Bbc.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-04.

2017-09-04__Xiamen__001

Diciamo subito che questo riportato sembrerebbe essere più un articolo di routine che un ripensamento approfondito.

A nostro sommesso parere, ovviamente opinabile, considera il Summit esclusivamente dal punto di vista occidentale: questa è una caratteristica, non certo un difetto. Ma l’ottica resta pur sempre parziale.

Non solo. Sicuramente l’aspetto economico e finanziario è del massimo interesse, ma ciò non esclude che esista e si stia sviluppando anche un progetto politico.

«China’s vice minister of commerce, Wang Shouwen, also suggested China was interested in establishing a free trade agreement with Mexico.»

*

«The Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto is attending the dialogue at the invitation of the Chinese president.»

*

«The development of emerging markets and developing countries won’t touch anyone’s cheese, but instead will diligently grow the world economic pie»

*

«I am convinced that the Belt and Road initiative will serve as a new platform for all countries to achieve win-win cooperation»

*

«But the initiative has made India in particular quite uneasy, as it includes projects worth $62bn (£48bn) to be implemented in its neighbour and rival Pakistan»

*

«Construction began over the weekend on headquarters in Shanghai for the New Development Bank (NDB), which is the Brics alternative to the World Bank»

*

«To date, the NDB has invested in 11 projects, lending $1.5bn in 2016 with an additional $2.5bn in loans set for this year»

*

«China’s official Xinhua news agency reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin met on the sidelines of the Brics meeting, and agreed to “appropriately deal” with North Korea’s nuclear test.»

*

«China said it strongly condemned the nuclear test and urged Pyongyang to stop its “wrong” actions»

*

«The US President suggested on Twitter that the US might stop “all trade with any country doing business with North Korea”»

* * * * * * *

Attendiamo che siano diffuse le relazioni ufficiali e le conclusioni del summit, tenendo però ben presente che non tutti gli accordi potrebbero essere resi pubblici.

Notiamo soltanto che alla presenza dell’Egitto si è aggiunta quella del Messico. Altri tasselli si stanno aggiungendo al puzzle sino-russo.


Bbc. 2017-09-04. Four things to watch at the Brics summit

The leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are meeting amid heightened geopolitical tensions.

*

The summit of the so-called Brics nations brings together the five fast-growing economies, who are seeking a greater say in world affairs.

Economic ties will top the agenda at the three-day gathering in Xiamen, China which began Sunday.

But North Korea’s nuclear test and a border standoff between China and India could also colour discussions.

So what are the four key things to watch out for at this meeting?

  1. ‘Growing the pie’ without ‘touching the cheese’

While US President Donald Trump has pushed a protectionist trade agenda, pulling the US out of the Trans Pacific Partnership and renegotiating the North America Free Trade Agreement, China is striking a very different tone.

Chinese President Xi Jinping told the meeting that there is little to fear from closer trade ties.

“We should push for an open world economy, promote trade liberalisation and facilitation, jointly create a new global value chain, and realise a global economic rebalancing,” President Xi Jinping told Brics business leaders and senior officials in a speech on Sunday.

“The development of emerging markets and developing countries won’t touch anyone’s cheese, but instead will diligently grow the world economic pie,” he said.

But many countries have criticised China’s trade policies, saying they discriminate against foreign businesses.

Even within Brics, trade is heavily tilted in China’s favour, which has led to complaints from fellow members.

China’s vice minister of commerce, Wang Shouwen, also suggested China was interested in establishing a free trade agreement with Mexico.

The Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto is attending the dialogue at the invitation of the Chinese president.

  1. One Belt One Road

The sheer scale of China’s massive international infrastructure project – known as One Belt One Road – means it is often on the agenda at high level economic meetings like this one.

The project aims to expand trade links between Asia, Africa, Europe and beyond through infrastructure investments.

“I am convinced that the Belt and Road initiative will serve as a new platform for all countries to achieve win-win cooperation,” said President Xi.

But the initiative has made India in particular quite uneasy, as it includes projects worth $62bn (£48bn) to be implemented in its neighbour and rival Pakistan.

Also, tensions between China and India remain high after a border standoff, which was resolved just days before the conference.

  1. The New Development Bank

Construction began over the weekend on headquarters in Shanghai for the New Development Bank (NDB), which is the Brics alternative to the World Bank.

The NDB was seen as the first major Brics achievement after the group came together to press for a bigger say in the world’s financial affairs.

The bank aims to address a massive infrastructure funding gap in the member countries, which account for almost half the world’s population.

To date, the NDB has invested in 11 projects, lending $1.5bn in 2016 with an additional $2.5bn in loans set for this year.

Still, the bank is small potatoes when compared with the World Bank, and some have questioned China’s commitment, given it heads up the bigger Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank.

  1. The nuclear elephant in the room

The conference had an unwelcome surprise in the form of North Korea’s sixth nuclear test on Sunday.

China’s official Xinhua news agency reported that Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin met on the sidelines of the Brics meeting, and agreed to “appropriately deal” with North Korea’s nuclear test.

China said it strongly condemned the nuclear test and urged Pyongyang to stop its “wrong” actions.

The US President suggested on Twitter that the US might stop “all trade with any country doing business with North Korea”.

China is an obvious target of his comments, given that it is North Korea’s largest trading partner.

Some critics, however, have suggested that this is very unlikely, as it would do significant damage to the US economy because China is also America’s largest trading partner.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Putin, Russia

Cina. Xiamen. Discorsi introduttivi dei capi di stato.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-03.

Pechino-Cina

È davvero interessante leggersi le dichiarazioni preliminari rilasciate dai capi di stato prima di raggiungere Xiamen.

Sono tutte rilasciate in linguaggio diplomatico, per cui sarebbe opportuno leggersele tra le righe ed estrapolarle ben oltre la stringata sintesi delle frasi. Questo vale soprattutto per la dichiarazione rilasciata dal Presidente Putin.

L’arte di saper leggere aiuta a capire meglio. – Science.

Fonti di informazione e difficoltà di tenersi informati.

È significativo come la pagina Reuters dedicata alla Cina non riporti nulla a tutt’oggi.

^ ^ ^

«Chinese President Xi Jinping said Sunday BRICS countries should uphold global peace and stability, stressing a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security»

*

«We BRICS countries are committed to upholding global peace and contributing to the international security order»

*

«We should uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and basic norms governing international relations, firmly support multilateralism, work for greater democracy in international relations, and oppose hegemonism and power politics»

*

«I am convinced that as long as we take a holistic approach to fighting terrorism in all its forms, and address both its symptoms and root causes, terrorists will have no place to hide»

^ ^ ^

«Egypt’s participation in the BRICS summit will open new horizons for Egypt’s economy as it will boost its economic cooperation with the bloc»

*

«I hope one day Egypt becomes a BRICS member, not just a guest of honor, because this will open massive horizons for cooperation with the group’s members, which will surely be very beneficial to the Egyptian economy»

*

«We appreciate China’s support for the Egyptian economy, which was clearly shown when Egypt suffered a shortage of foreign currency and China made a currency swap deal with Egypt to carry out trade exchange in their local currencies»

^ ^ ^

«Russian President Vladimir Putin said Russia highly values the multifaceted cooperation with BRICS to create a fair multipolar world and equal development conditions for all»

*

«Putin said he appreciated China’s significant contribution as this year’s chair of the organization, “which has allowed the BRICS countries as a group to move forward in all key areas of our partnership, including politics, the economy and culture.”»

*

«It is important that our group’s activities are based on the principles of equality, respect for one another’s opinions and consensus.Within BRICS, nothing is ever forced on anyone»

*

«This open and trust-based atmosphere is conducive to the successful implementation of our tasks»

*

«Putin said Russia stands for closer coordination of the BRICS countries’ foreign policies, primarily at the United Nations and Group of 20, as well as other international organizations»

*

«Only the combined efforts of all countries can help bring about global stability and find solutions to many acute conflicts»

*

«Putin said the region’s problems should only be settled through a direct dialogue of all the parties concerned without any preconditions. …. Provocations, pressure, and militarist and insulting rhetoric are a dead-end road»

* * * * * * * *

Ricordiamo alcuni elementi utili.

-> Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

*

-> I Brics allargati hanno la maggioranza in seno all’Assemblea delle Nazioni Unite. Ci si ricordi che:

Egypt blocks U.N. call to respect ‘democratically elected’ government in Turkey


Xinhua. 2017-09-03. Xi stresses world peace, security at BRICS Business Forum

XIAMEN, Sept. 3 (Xinhua) — Chinese President Xi Jinping said Sunday BRICS countries should uphold global peace and stability, stressing a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security.

“We BRICS countries are committed to upholding global peace and contributing to the international security order,” he said while delivering a keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the BRICS Business Forum scheduled for Sept. 3-4 in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen.

This year, the BRICS countries have held the Meeting of High Representatives for Security Issues and the Meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs and International Relations. The countries have put in place the regular meeting mechanism for permanent representatives to the multilateral institutions, and convened the Foreign Policy Planning Dialogue, the Meeting of Counter-Terrorism Working Group, the Meeting of Cybersecurity Working Group, and the Consultation on Peacekeeping Operations.

These efforts aim to strengthen consultation and coordination on major international and regional issues and build synergy among BRICS countries, Xi said.

“We should uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and basic norms governing international relations, firmly support multilateralism, work for greater democracy in international relations, and oppose hegemonism and power politics,” he said.

He also called on BRICS countries to take a constructive part in the process of resolving geopolitical hotspot issues and make due contributions.

“I am convinced that as long as we take a holistic approach to fighting terrorism in all its forms, and address both its symptoms and root causes, terrorists will have no place to hide,” he said.

When dialogue, consultation and negotiation are conducted to create conditions for achieving political settlement of issues such as Syria, Libya and the PalestineIsrael conflict, the flame of war can be put out, and displaced refugees will eventually return to their homes, he said.


Xinhua. 2017-08-31. Interview: Joining BRICS summit opens new horizons for Egypt’s economy: veteran journalist

CAIRO, Aug. 31 (Xinhua) — Egypt’s participation in the BRICS summit will open new horizons for Egypt’s economy as it will boost its economic cooperation with the bloc, the head of Egypt’s largest state-run newspaper Al-Ahram told Xinhua in an exclusive interview.

“I hope one day Egypt becomes a BRICS member, not just a guest of honor, because this will open massive horizons for cooperation with the group’s members, which will surely be very beneficial to the Egyptian economy,” said Abdel-Mohsen Salama, chief executive officer of Al-Ahram Foundation and head of Egypt’s Syndicate of Journalists.

At the invitation of Chinese President Xi Jinping, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi will soon fly to the southeastern Chinese city of Xiamen to attend the ninth summit of the large economic bloc scheduled for Sept. 3-5.

The BRICS summit was first launched by Brazil, Russia, India and China in 2006 and expanded to include South Africa in 2010.

“We appreciate China’s support for the Egyptian economy, which was clearly shown when Egypt suffered a shortage of foreign currency and China made a currency swap deal with Egypt to carry out trade exchange in their local currencies,” Salama told Xinhua.

“That move positively affected the Egyptian economic conditions then,” he added.

The economic cooperation between Egypt and China is a “win-win situation” as China could help boost the Egyptian economy while Egypt can be China’s commercial portal in the Arab and African worlds, Salama noted.

Under the leadership of Sisi and Xi, the Sino-Egyptian ties have been elevated to a comprehensive strategic partnership, while the bilateral trade volume increased to 11.3 billion U.S. dollars in 2016, making Egypt China’s third largest trade partner in Africa.

Salama, who will be part of the Sisi-led delegation to Xiamen, expects his first visit to China to be a chance for learning more about the Chinese experience which has turned the country into the second largest economy in the world in a few decades.

“The Chinese experience needs to be well examined. I would like to learn more about the details of the Chinese experience as it is important to my personal knowledge and to my career as a chief journalist in Egypt,” the veteran journalist said.

Egypt sees its participation in the BRICS summit as a good opportunity to continue consultation with China on various issues of mutual interest and to follow up on their joint projects in many fields, given that several Chinese companies are promoting infrastructure projects in Egypt.

In a recent interview with Chinese media, Sisi said the BRICS Business Forum, a major side-event of the BRICS summit, is a good opportunity to present the economic reform by the Egyptian government and its measures to attract foreign investment.”Egypt needs technical aid from China to learn how to copy the Chinese industrial experience in Egypt, so that Egypt can change from an interest-based economy to a production-based one,” said Salama.

The Al-Ahram chief expressed the hope that China can help Egypt by exporting its expertise to the Arab country, “especially in the industrial fields where China has achieved a lot of progress.”

Egypt is also a focal point in China’s Belt and Road Initiative launched by Xi four years ago. The initiative comprises the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, designed to revive ancient trade routes to link China with a number of countries in Asia, Africa and Europe through trade and infrastructure networks.

Salama hailed the initiative as a “very important and active springboard” for further economic cooperation through sustainable development projects among the states along the Belt and Road routes.

“Egypt attaches importance to this initiative and takes part in it, as it comes within the framework of fast-growing economic relations between Egypt and China,” Salama said.


Xinhua. 2017-08-31. UNDP chief: BRICS sends promising signal

UNITED NATIONS, Aug. 31 (Xinhua) — Achim Steiner, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) Administrator told Xinhua here Wednesday that the BRICS countries together are sending a promising signal to the world in peace and development.

Steiner said “I hope that through the BRICS summit, to be held next week in China’s harbor city of Xiamen, these emerging economy countries could play their role in meeting the big challenges humanity is facing.”

He said that the economic transformation in the past decades have elevated these countries not only in economic term, but also provided them a platform to influence the outcomes of global significance.

Steiner said that counties should look after not only their own interests, but also collective interests, which is the core idea of UN system.

The UN official said in 2015, the General Assembly, or the parliament of the world, adopted the agenda for 2030, the 17 goals for sustainable development goals (SDGs) were based on lessons learned through decades of development in the world that climate change, population, poverty, refugees, economic and financial instability, and inequality could become the risks to world economy, peace and stability.

The SDGs are an expression the goals of interdependence. Nations poor or rich, small or large, depend on one another for our future, he said, adding that fast economies will be at risk if they do not dress the problem of inequality.

The future of our future generations will be compromised if pollution and climate changes are not collectively handled. In this perspective, climate change and pollution is a sustainable issue which might otherwise be an inter-generation problem.

Above all, SDGs is a commitment to collaboration, we must act together to face all the challenges which go back to the core idea of UN which is multilateralism, Steiner said.

China, which has helped hundreds of millions of people out of poverty in the past decades and contributed enormously to the world, is trying to address the problem of inequality which are often found in fast economies, Steiner said.

No one should be left behind, either geographically or in terms of their income levels, he said.

In the past few years, China has been taking its economic growth path and lessons learned into a broader international context, as the country depends on the rest of the world for relations, market, resources and partners.

In its Belt and Road Initiative, and China-Africa Summit, we have seen that China embraces the notion of being partners to other countries of the world and addresses sharing its success with other countries, the UN official said.

China, with its economic size and development priories, is leading the world in south-south cooperation, which is very important for UNDP in accomplishing its goals, he said.

Through its ecological civilization policies and policies its government is still mapping out, China’s development is benefiting the world, he said.

China’s renewable energy technology and mass production ability have lowered threshold for many African countries in getting their cleaner energy. This, again is a good example of what China has been doing in south-south cooperation, Steiner said.

The coming BRICS summit is expected to offer another platform for emerging countries to share their lessons in development and bring them closer in facing challenges ahead, he said.

BRICS — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, is recognized as an important force in global governance. China holds the BRICS presidency this year.


Xinhua. 2017-09-01. Putin says looking forward to developing strategic partnerships with BRICS

MOSCOW, Sept. 1 (Xinhua) — Russian President Vladimir Putin said Russia highly values the multifaceted cooperation with BRICS to create a fair multipolar world and equal development conditions for all, in a signed article published on Friday.

In the article for the 9th BRICS Summit to be held in Xiamen, China on Sept. 3-5, Putin said he appreciated China’s significant contribution as this year’s chair of the organization, “which has allowed the BRICS countries as a group to move forward in all key areas of our partnership, including politics, the economy and culture.”

The BRICS is the acronym for a group of five emerging economies — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Originally the first four were grouped as “BRIC” before the inclusion of South Africa in 2010. Since 2009, the BRICS countries have met annually at formal summits.

“It is important that our group’s activities are based on the principles of equality, respect for one another’s opinions and consensus. Within BRICS, nothing is ever forced on anyone,” Putin added, “This open and trust-based atmosphere is conducive to the successful implementation of our tasks”.

Putin said Russia stands for closer coordination of the BRICS countries’ foreign policies, primarily at the United Nations and Group of 20, as well as other international organizations. “Only the combined efforts of all countries can help bring about global stability and find solutions to many acute conflicts,” he wrote in the article.

As for the situation on the Korean Peninsula where tensions have grown recently, Putin said the region’s problems should only be settled through a direct dialogue of all the parties concerned without any preconditions. “Provocations, pressure, and militarist and insulting rhetoric are a dead-end road,” he wrote.

“Russia and China have created a roadmap for a settlement on the Korean Peninsula that is designed to promote the gradual easing of tensions and the creation of a mechanism for lasting peace and security,” Putin said in the article.

Putin also called for promoting the interaction of the BRICS countries in the area of global information security. He proposed that the five countries should come together to draft and adopt universal rules of responsible behavior in this sphere.

In the article, Putin pointed out that though Russia shares the BRICS countries’ concerns over the unfairness of the global financial and economic architecture, he felt confident that “the BRICS countries will continue to act in a consolidated manner against protectionism and new barriers in global trade.”

“We hope to be able to discuss new large-scale cooperation tasks in trade and investment and industrial cooperation at the Xiamen Summit,” Putin said.

“I am convinced that the Xiamen Summit will help invigorate our countries’ efforts towards finding solutions to the challenges of the 21st century and will propel cooperation within BRICS to a higher level,” he said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Germania. Futuro Governo ed eventuale ruolo dell’Fdp.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-09-03.

Merkel 1030

Chiariamo immediatamente un concetto che a molti apparirebbe essere nebuloso.

Nel 1871 Bismarck era il cancelliere dell’Impero tedesco che aveva vinto in battaglia la Francia ed era egemone sull’Europa continentale. Ciò che dia era immediatamente eseguito.

Nel 1949 Adenauer era cancelliere della Germania Federale, ma per far spolverare la scrivania doveva uscire dalla cancelleria, andare all’ambasciata americana, farsi ricevere ed, infine, chiedere il permesso e l’autorizzazione.

Sia Otto von Bismarck sia Konrad Adenauer cancellieri tedeschi, ma con capacità di agire totalmente differenti.

*

Alle prossime elezioni di fine settembre Frau Merkel dovrebbe conseguire la maggioranza relativa.

I sondaggi suggerirebbero una Union (Cdu e Csu) al 37%, l’Spd al 23%, Fdp 8%, Grüne 8%, Linke 9%, ed AfD all’11%.

Il sistema elettorale tedesco potrebbe anche consentire a Frau Merkel di ottenere la maggioranza assoluta dei seggi in palio, ma questa ipotesi sembrerebbe essere remota, almeno al momento attuale.

I socialdemocratici uscirebbero fortemente ridimensionati ed il loro leader, Herr Schulz, umiliato nelle sue ambizioni: al momento attuale Herr Schulz non otterrebbe nemmeno il permesso del partito a rifare una Große Koalition.

In questa situazione l’Union, Frau Merkel, si troverebbe costretta a rifare un governo di coalizione, scegliendo come alleato tra Fdp, Linke e Grüne.

Al momento non vi sono indicazioni di come potrebbe comportarsi Frau Merkel, ma in ogni caso emerge chiaramente come il suo prossimo cancellierato sarà pesantemente condizionato dall’alleato di minoranza, che per concedere i suoi voti vorrà un trattamento paritetico.

Né la Germania potrà trascurare il contesto internazionale, sia politico sia economico.

La devoluzione socialista è arrivata quasi a compimento dal punto di vista politico. Se negli Stati Uniti i liberal democratici guidati da Mrs Hillary Clinton hanno subito una severa sconfitta elettorale, i socialisti francesi sono virtualmente scomparsi grazie alla gestione di Mr Hollande, i laburisti inglesi sono stati contenuti ai minimi storici, l’Spd tedesca si avvierebbe ad una sconfitta urente.

Alla sconfitta politica consegue quella della strategia economica. L’ideologia economica liberal e socialista sta squagliandosi come neve dentro una stufa.

L’Amministrazione Trump non solo non ha incrementato il debito sovrano (il predecessore Mr Obama lo incrementava di 100 miliardi Usd al mese), ma lo ha anche ridotto di oltre 105 miliardi nei soli primi sei mesi di gestione. La Cina ha legiferato il rientro da un debito peraltro scarno.

Non solo. L’estensione dei Brics a Brics Plus sotto la guida cinese e gli sviluppi del piano Belt and Road, Obor, impongono un cambio di rotta sia all’Unione Europea sia alla Germania, che ne è il leader.

In poche parole: il mondo è mutato e l’Unione Europea e la Germania devono adeguarsi, pena la scomparsa dapprima politica e quindi economica.

Trump versus Obama. Comparazione di due stili di governo.

Trump. Export tedesco e banche nei triboli. – Handelsblatt

Trump. Il debito sovrano totale da gennaio è sceso di 102.365 miliardi.

^ ^ ^

Cina. Quanzhou. I Brics decidono cosa farsene dell’Occidente.

Cina. Banche Cinesi e Belt and Road. Yuan come valuta internazionale.

Obor. Progetto cinese su di un terzo del pil mondiale, per ora.

Brics. Il Summit di settembre a Xiamen. Ripudio dell’Occidente.

Cina. Inversione di rotta. Inizia la riduzione del debito.

Cina. Xiamen. Brics Plus alla conquista del mondo.

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Germania. Non è povera. È misera. – Financial Times

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L’Fdp sembrerebbe poter essere il potenziale alleato di Frau Merkel, ma, nel caso, il suo leader Herr Christian Lindner ha già posto numerosi paletti. Ecco alcuni excerpta.

«Germany’s next government will be tougher on granting fiscal leeway to Greece, France and other euro-area countries if it includes the Free Democrats, a traditional ally of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party,»

*

«France and Germany won’t solve the European Union’s problems by running up debt»

*

«My impression is that Mrs. Merkel has already agreed with Mr. Macron to set up new money pots and transfers in Europe for the time after our election …. euro countries must be responsible for their own fiscal policy»

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«In the wake of Brexit, Merkel and Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble are campaigning for further integration of the euro area, led by a Franco-German alliance»

*

«We have too little competitiveness in the euro zone …. The general view is that more public investment needs to be mobilized, but we have enough money for that. The problem is the order of the markets, the lack of flexibility, the over-bureaucratization in many places …. Eurobonds, new pots of money, that doesn’t make any sense»

*

«if you take on new debt together for consumption, that would overstretch solidarity in the euro zone»

*

«If there was a debt cut for Greece, as the International Monetary Fund suggests, then we should be open-minded to finally solving the problem …. Greece gets a debt cut, the money is gone, but for that Greece has to leave the euro zone, gets a new currency of its own which it can devalue»

*

«This time, the FDP is calling for a 30 billion-euro ($36 billion) tax cut, twice the amount floated by Merkel and Schaeuble»

*

«Cut Greece’s debt and let it leave euro»

* * * * * * *

Come si constata, l’Fdp ha posizione abbastanza divergenti da quelle di Frau Merkel.

Quindi, nel caso, Union ed Fdp dovranno raggiungere un ragionevole accordo al momenti non troppo facile.

Di sicuro però, sarà impossibile continuare la gestione politica ed economica fatta in passato.

Nota.

L’Fdp non fa nemmeno un accenno piccolo piccolo alla scala valoriale di Frau Merkel ed ai suoi problemi etici.


Bloomberg. 2017-09-01. Merkel’s Would-Be Ally Says No to ‘Pots of Money’ for Macron.

– Cut Greece’s debt and let it leave euro, FDP head Lindner says

– German Free Democrats take a stand as government role beckons

*

Germany’s next government will be tougher on granting fiscal leeway to Greece, France and other euro-area countries if it includes the Free Democrats, a traditional ally of Chancellor Angela Merkel’s party, their chairman said.

Christian Lindner, 38, is seeking to lead the pro-market FDP back into parliament after a four-year absence, returning to the Bundestag a party that opposed bailouts for Greece and says Germany has to draw lines in the sand with French President Emmanuel Macron. France and Germany won’t solve the European Union’s problems by running up debt, Lindner said in a Bloomberg Television interview.

For more coverage of Europe’s elections, click here.

“My impression is that Mrs. Merkel has already agreed with Mr. Macron to set up new money pots and transfers in Europe for the time after our election,” he said. In contrast, the FDP insists that “euro countries must be responsible for their own fiscal policy.”

While the FDP has ideological affinities with Merkel’s Christian Democrat-led bloc, Lindner said a hookup isn’t a foregone conclusion even if the numbers add up in the election on Sept. 24. In fact, policy differences have widened in recent years, Lindner said.

Polls suggest the FDP is in a tight race for third place, which could determine who governs with Merkel if she wins a fourth term. Support for Merkel’s CDU-CSU bloc declined 1 percentage point to 37 percent and the Social Democrats, her main opponent, rose 1 point to 23 percent in an Infratest Dimap poll published Wednesday. The FDP declined 1 point to 8 percent, putting it level with the Greens and 1 point behind the Left party. The Alternative for Germany party rose to 11 percent.

Let Greece Go

While markets welcomed Merkel’s coalition with the FDP in 2009, there may be greater potential for friction this time. In the wake of Brexit, Merkel and Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble are campaigning for further integration of the euro area, led by a Franco-German alliance. The question is where that path leads, Lindner said.

“We have too little competitiveness in the euro zone,” Lindner said. “The general view is that more public investment needs to be mobilized, but we have enough money for that. The problem is the order of the markets, the lack of flexibility, the over-bureaucratization in many places.”

“Eurobonds, new pots of money, that doesn’t make any sense,” he said. “If there is a lack of investment, then you can think about it, but if you take on new debt together for consumption, that would overstretch solidarity in the euro zone.”

Another source of conflict would be the FDP’s insistence that debt forgiveness for Greece would be linked to the country’s leaving the currency union while staying an EU member, an idea Merkel has flatly refused to keep the euro area together.

“If there was a debt cut for Greece, as the International Monetary Fund suggests, then we should be open-minded to finally solving the problem,” Lindner said. “Greece gets a debt cut, the money is gone, but for that Greece has to leave the euro zone, gets a new currency of its own which it can devalue and increase its competitiveness in tourism.”

Three-Way Option

The FDP took a record 14.6 percent of the vote in 2009 and joined Merkel’s bloc to form a government, only to crash out of the Bundestag four years later after failing to impose its tax-cut agenda and fighting over bailouts for Greece. This time, the FDP is calling for a 30 billion-euro ($36 billion) tax cut, twice the amount floated by Merkel and Schaeuble.

As Germany’s smaller mainstream parties stake out positions for coalition talks that are likely to follow the election, Lindner said Europe’s biggest economy may well wind up with a rerun of Merkel’s coalition with the SPD.

A three-way Merkel government with the Free Democrats and the Green party would be so disparate that it’s “not a realistic goal,” the FDP head said.

He still hinted at his party’s ambitions to take a key post in government. While refusing to discuss possible cabinet appointments as premature, he conceded: “Of course it was a mistake not to take the Finance Ministry in 2009.”

[Traduttore automatico]

Tagliare il debito della Grecia e lasciar perdere l’euro, dice Lindner, direttore di FDP

I Liberi Democratici tedeschi prendono posizione come governo da guida

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Il prossimo governo tedesco sarà più severo nel concedere un margine di manovra fiscale alla Grecia, alla Francia e ad altri paesi dell’area dell’euro se includerà i liberaldemocratici, un alleato tradizionale del partito del Cancelliere Angela Merkel, ha detto il loro presidente.

Christian Lindner, 38 anni, cerca di riportare in parlamento l’FDP pro-mercato dopo quattro anni di assenza, tornando al Bundestag, un partito che si è opposto ai salvataggi per la Grecia e dice che la Germania deve tracciare delle linee sulla sabbia con il presidente francese Emmanuel Macron. La Francia e la Germania non risolveranno i problemi dell’Unione Europea facendo crescere il debito, ha detto Lindner in un’intervista di Bloomberg Television.

Per maggiori informazioni sulle elezioni europee, clicca qui.

La mia impressione è che la signora Merkel abbia già concordato con il signor Macron di creare nuovi salvadanai e trasferimenti in Europa per il momento successivo alla nostra elezione “, ha detto. Al contrario, l’FDP insiste sul fatto che “i paesi dell’euro devono essere responsabili della propria politica fiscale”.

Mentre l’FDP ha affinità ideologiche con il blocco guidato dai democristiani di Merkel, Lindner ha detto che un aggancio non è una conclusione scontata, anche se i numeri si sommano alle elezioni del 24 settembre. In effetti, le differenze politiche si sono ampliate negli ultimi anni, ha affermato Lindner.

Sondaggi suggeriscono che l’FDP è in una gara serrata per il terzo posto, che potrebbe determinare chi governa con Merkel se vince un quarto termine. Il sostegno al blocco CDU-CSU di Merkel è sceso di 1 punto percentuale al 37% e i socialdemocratici, il suo principale avversario, sono saliti di 1 punto al 23% in un sondaggio Infratest Dimap pubblicato mercoledì. L’FDP è sceso di 1 punto percentuale all’8 percento, mettendola a livello con i Verdi e 1 punto dietro il partito di sinistra. L’Alternative for Germany party è salito a 11 per cento.

Lasciare andare la Grecia

Mentre nel 2009 i mercati hanno accolto con favore la coalizione di Merkel con l’FDP, questa volta il potenziale di attrito potrebbe essere maggiore. Sulla scia di Brexit, Merkel e il ministro delle Finanze Wolfgang Schaeuble si battono per un’ulteriore integrazione dell’area dell’euro, guidata da un’alleanza franco-tedesca. La questione è dove questa strada porta, ha detto Lindner.

Abbiamo troppo poca competitività nella zona euro “, ha dichiarato Lindner. L’opinione generale è che sia necessario mobilitare maggiori investimenti pubblici, ma abbiamo abbastanza denaro per farlo. Il problema è l’ordine dei mercati, la mancanza di flessibilità, l’eccessiva burocratizzazione in molti luoghi “.

Gli eurobond, nuovi pentole di denaro, che non hanno alcun senso “, ha detto. Se c’è una mancanza di investimenti, allora si può pensare, ma se si assumono nuovi debiti insieme per il consumo, la solidarietà nell’area dell’euro si allungherebbe troppo “.

Un’altra fonte di conflitto sarebbe l’insistenza dell’FDP sul fatto che la remissione del debito per la Grecia sarebbe legata all’uscita del paese dall’unione monetaria durante il soggiorno in un paese membro dell’UE, un’idea che Merkel ha completamente rifiutato di tenere unita l’area dell’euro.

Se ci fosse stato un taglio del debito per la Grecia, come suggerisce il Fondo monetario internazionale, dovremmo essere aperti alla soluzione definitiva del problema “, ha dichiarato Lindner. La Grecia ottiene un taglio del debito, il denaro è andato, ma per questo la Grecia deve lasciare la zona euro, ottiene una nuova moneta propria che può svalutare e aumentare la sua competitività nel turismo “.

Opzione a tre vie

L’FDP ha preso il 14,6% dei voti nel 2009 e si è unito al blocco di Merkel per formare un governo, per poi sbarazzarsi del Bundestag quattro anni dopo, dopo aver fallito nell’imporre il suo programma di tagli fiscali e lottare contro i salvataggi per la Grecia. Questa volta, l’FDP chiede una riduzione fiscale di 30 miliardi di euro (36 miliardi di dollari), pari al doppio dell’importo fissato da Merkel e Schaeuble.

Dato che i partiti più piccoli della Germania, i principali partiti tedeschi, che puntano su posizioni per i colloqui di coalizione che probabilmente seguiranno le elezioni, Lindner ha affermato che la più grande economia europea potrebbe concludersi con una nuova coalizione di Merkel con il DOCUP.

Un governo Merkel a tre vie con i Liberi Democratici e il partito dei Verdi sarebbe così disparato che non è “un obiettivo realistico”, ha detto il capo dell’FDP.

Ha ancora accennato alle ambizioni del suo partito di assumere un posto chiave nel governo. Rifiutando di discutere di eventuali nomine di gabinetto come prematura, ha ammesso:”Naturalmente è stato un errore non prendere il Ministero delle Finanze nel 2009″.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Geopolitica Mondiale, Politica Mondiale

Cina. Xiamen. Brics Plus alla conquista del mondo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-30.

Pechino-Cina

Abbiamo già riferito del Simposio di Quanzhou e del programma Belt and Road.

Cina. Quanzhou. I Brics decidono cosa farsene dell’Occidente.

Russia, Cina e Stati Uniti. Venezuela. I venezuelani sono comparse.

Belt and Road Forum. L’alternativa a Davos ed al G20.

Obor. Progetto cinese su di un terzo del pil mondiale, per ora.

Brics. Il Summit di settembre a Xiamen. Ripudio dell’Occidente.

Cina. Banche Cinesi e Belt and Road. Yuan come valuta internazionale.

Filippine. La situazione analizzata dal punto di vista cinese. Xinhua.

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Cina. Inversione di rotta. Inizia la riduzione del debito.

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I Brics crescono ogni giorno che passa.

Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

Il pil ppa rende bene l’idea, ma non è l’unico modo di conteggiare. Secondo altre metodiche i Brics varrebbero il 25% dell’economia mondiale e renderebbero conto del 50% della crescita dei sistemi economici. Un risultato molto simile al 29.97%.

Il pil ppa rende conto del reale potere di acquisto.

* * * * * * *

Brics. Il Summit di settembre a Xiamen. Ripudio dell’Occidente.

Cina. Banche Cinesi e Belt and Road. Yuan come valuta internazionale.

Filippine. La situazione analizzata dal punto di vista cinese. Xinhua.

 *

La Cina sta per lanciare il progetto Brics Plus.

The Valdai Discussion Club. 2017-07-19. BRICS-Plus: Alternative Globalization in the Making?

«Given that the BRICS is a unique grouping that is present in all key regions and continents of the developing world, it could serve as a platform for expanding South-South cooperation and economic integration across a wide range of areas. In this regard, rather that seeking to expand core membership, the BRICS+ construct is first and foremost about a different approach to economic integration and a different technology of how alliances are structured globally.»

The Valdai Discussion Club. 2017-07-19. BRICS Plus: New Technology, New Vision for Economic Integration

*

The Times of India. 2017-05-09. China wants ‘BRICS plus’ to include ‘friendly’ countries

The Quint. 2017-08-23. BRICS-Plus? Or a BRICS-Minus Modi Summit in Xiamen?

First Post. 2017-06-20. China says proposed ‘BRICS Plus’ will enhance cooperation with other countries, will not become military alliance

China Daily. 2017-04-17. ‘BRICS Plus’ can become new integration model for world economy

China Org. 2017-03-26. The BRICS-Plus paradigm

* * * * * *

«China will host the ninth BRICS annual summit in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, from September 3 to 5»

*

«the growing impact of the association of emerging countries on the world»

*

«The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries»

*

«Foreign Minister Wang Yi said China would explore the expansion modalities for “BRICS Plus” and build a wider partnership by holding dialogues with other major developing countries»

*

«Currently, the BRICS group has five member countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – and potential new members such as Mexico, Pakistan and Sri Lanka»

*

«This governance approach could provide a reference point for other countries with some adaptations to meet varying national conditions …. various options for governance suited to their own situation»

*

«to discuss good practices of domestic governance as well as new approaches to global governance»

* * * * * * *

Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile.

– Quanto a potere di spesa, al momento i Brics valgono come i paesi del G7;

– Già ora i Brics Plus sarebbero il blocco economico più grande del mondo;

– Prendendo atto del tasso di crescita, tra dieci anni, che passano presto, saranno il blocco economico capace di imporre le proprie regole al mondo, relegando l’Occidente a ruolo subalterno;

– Il “governance approach” dei Brics è esattamente l’opposto di quello occidentale o, più esattamente, di quello liberal e socialista ideologico, che esce storicamente battuto, in declino;

– I Brics hanno un obiettivo dichiarato, ossia quello di proporre, ed imporre de facto, il proprio “new approaches to global governance“.

* * * * * * *

Il modello di governo offerto dai cinesi tende a rispettare e valorizzare le singole identità statali, e questa è la carta vincente. Propone, non impone. Esattamente l’opposto della visione liberal. L’opposto di quanto nell’Unione Europea stanno cercando di fare Frau Merkel e Mr Macron. È immune da pruriti ideologici ed avversa la visione etica e morale dei liberal.

Distruggendo il proprio retaggio religioso, storico, culturale e sociale l’Occidente che abbatte le statue dei suoi grandi, che è ossessionato da ogni possibile perversione sessuale assunta a traguardo di civiltà, non fa altro che spianare la strada all’innalzamento dei Brics e della Cina.

Se non fosse fantapolitica, si dovrebbe concludere che i liberal democratici ed i socialisti ideologici europei siano al soldo della Russia e della Cina.

Nota.

L’articolo citato di China Org usa il termine “socialismo” secondo l’accezione cinese del termine, non secondo quella occidentale: si evitino le confusioni.


China Org. 2017-08-23. Huang Youyi: BRICS influence beyond five countries

“With improved cooperation, improved economy and shared solutions for fighting world challenges, BRICS will further expand its influence in the next decade,” predicted a Chinese expert on Thursday during a seminar in southeastern China.

Huang Youyi, a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and executive vice president of the Translators Association of China, foresaw the growing impact of the association of emerging countries on the world stage during an interview with China.org.cn on the sidelines of the BRICS Seminar on Governance that opened Aug. 17 in Quanzhou, Fujian Province.

“The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries,” said Huang, pointing out that more countries were showing interest in the mechanism and would like to learn from each country’s successful development models.

As many as 160 people from government agencies, business circle and the academia in the BRICS nations and over 10 countries outside the bloc joined the seminar to discuss good practices of domestic governance as well as new approaches to global governance, leading to openness, inclusiveness, mutual benefits and win-win output.

Earlier this year, Foreign Minister Wang Yi said China would explore the expansion modalities for “BRICS Plus” and build a wider partnership by holding dialogues with other major developing countries and organizations, so as to turn BRICS into the world’s most influential platform for South-South cooperation.

Currently, the BRICS group has five member countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – and potential new members such as Mexico, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The seminar in Quanzhou, in Huang’s words, “fully reflects the BRICS spirit as well as China’s position of common consultation and win-win resolution”, with people from different parts of the world, including Africa, Asia and Latin America, coming together to exchange ideas and explore various options for governance suited to their own situation.

Explaining China’s approach to domestic governance, Huang said that, after many trials and tribulations and more than 100 years of experience, only in the last decades had the nation managed to find a path suitable to its own conditions, namely, the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, able to carry out reforms and meet various important goals.

This governance approach could provide a reference point for other countries with some adaptations to meet varying national conditions, he added.

Besides the domestic approach, China’s global governance style has met with strong support, with its ideas like building a community of shared future for mankind, inclusive development and common consultation gaining popularity worldwide.

This, Huang argued, was proved by the sheer number of international participants in and outside the BRICS mechanism attending the Quanzhou seminar.

“The idea of ‘BRICS Plus’ does sound attractive,” he added.

Before the organization, as expected, includes more members, he believed there would be all kinds of forums as well as annual meetings held under the BRICS mechanism involving the participation of more people outside of the five countries.

China will host the ninth BRICS annual summit in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, from September 3 to 5, as the country takes the rotating chair of the influential bloc.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Commercio, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica Mondiale, Russia, Sistemi Economici

Brics. Il Summit di settembre a Xiamen. Ripudio dell’Occidente.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-25.

Soffitti__005

Abbiamo già riferito del Simposio di Quanzhou, preparatorio al Summit dei Brics da tenersi a Xiamen il 3  5 settembre prossimo.

Cina. Quanzhou. I Brics decidono cosa farsene dell’Occidente.

«Delegates to a BRICS seminar, organised by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in the southeast city of Quanzhou analysed and debated the Chinese model of rapid development as the template for the rapid growth, especially of the global South»

*

«It highlights the theme: “BRICS: stronger partnership for a brighter future.”»

*

«BRICS members account for about 23 per cent of the world economy, and contributed to more than half of global growth in 2016»

*

«Peking University professor and former World Bank chief economist Justin Lin Yifu pointed out at the seminar that among nearly 200 developing economies since the end of the Second World War, only two have transitioned from low-income to high-income economies, with China possibly emerging as the third by 2025»

*

«He attributed the failure to avoid either the middle-income or low income trap, to pursuit of western mainstream economic theories — structuralism, and neoliberalism. He stressed that a right balance between the role of the market and the state was required to achieve breakthroughs, Xinhua reported»

*

«Mr. Lin highlighted that the “secret of China’s success is its use of both ‘invisible hand’ and ‘visible hand,'”. He added that technological innovation and industrial upgrading can proceed smoothly, only when the market and the state played their complementary roles»

*

«The weak hatchling will never take off if it depends on government aid, financial grants, and welfare allowances»

* * * * * * * *

Molte le novità. Se riporteremo solo alcune.

In primo luogo, si constata come nel 1990 il pil nominale cine ammontasse a 398.623 miliardi Usd, mentre nel 2016 tale valore era salito a 11,218.281: è aumentato di ventotto volte. Per comparazione il pil nominale in tale lasso di tempo è cresciuto di 6.9 volte in India, 3.1 volte negli Stati Uniti e di 2.2 volte in Germania.

In secondo luogo, si constata come in Cina l’accesso al potere politico avvenga tramite una selezione strettamente meritocratica all’interno del Pcc, vera e propria fucina di idee politiche, economiche e sociali. La Cina non ha bisogno alcuno né del suffragio universale né del concetto occidentale di “democrazia“. I politici cinesi hanno un tasso culturale che surclassa quello dei loro omologhi occidentali, e che consente di concepire e perseguire programmi strategici. I politici cinesi non necessitano di essere simpatici alla maggioranza, né ne sono schiavi. Una sorta di concezione platonica della politica.

In terzo luogo, la Cina ha gelosamente custodito il suo retaggio storico, culturale e sociale che ha retto per oltre quaranta secoli. Non ha permesso alle ong occidentali di infiltrarsi nel suo tessuto sociale. Non solo. La legge sul matrimonio della Repubblica popolare cinese definisce il matrimonio come unione tra un uomo e una donna, richiede ai genitori che adottano bambini dalla Cina di essere uniti in matrimoni eterosessuali. Se fino al 1997 l’omosessualità era considerata reato penale, mentre la sua militanza tuttora lo è, le disposizioni penali sul teppismo comprendono l’omosessualità.

In quarto luogo, la Cina rigetta, e quindi non segue le “mainstream economic theories“. In particolare il debito sovrano ammonta al 42.61% del pil nominale in Cina, 15.94% in Russia, 78.32% in Brasile, 69.54% in India, e 50.47% in Sud Africa.

In quinto luogo, constata come “technological innovation and industrial upgrading” abbiano un senso solo quando il mercato le richieda, per cui la Cina le introduce esclusivamente al bisogno.

In sesto luogo, vi è un fermo rigetto dei “government aid, financial grants, and welfare allowances“. E questo è una grossolana differenza con i paesi occidentali che pone i cinesi ed i Brics in antitesi con la Weltanscahuung liberal democratica.

* * * * * * *

Concludendo.

È significativo il titolo con cui il The Hindu tratta del prossimo Summit di Xiamen.

Ahead of Xiamen summit, BRICS discuss new rules of global governance

I Brics si apprestano a dettare al mondo, Occidente compreso, le nuove regole del governo globale, e queste saranno l’opposto di quelle propugnate dall’Occidente.

Per ulteriori approfondimenti 林毅夫.


The Hindu. 2017-08-18. Ahead of Xiamen summit, BRICS discuss new rules of global governance

The BRICS summit is being held in China’s coastal city of Xiamen from September 3-5. It highlights the theme: “BRICS: stronger partnership for a brighter future.”

*

As the countdown for the September summit of the Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (BRICS) grouping begins, scholars, academics and government officials have been brainstorming ways in which the emerging economies can set the global agenda, based on new rules of governance.

Delegates to a BRICS seminar, organised by the Communist Party of China (CPC) in the southeast city of Quanzhou analysed and debated the Chinese model of rapid development as the template for the rapid growth, especially of the global South.

The BRICS summit is being held in China’s coastal city of Xiamen from September 3-5. It highlights the theme: “BRICS: stronger partnership for a brighter future.”

BRICS members account for about 23 per cent of the world economy, and contributed to more than half of global growth in 2016.

Peking University professor and former World Bank chief economist Justin Lin Yifu pointed out at the seminar that among nearly 200 developing economies since the end of the Second World War, only two have transitioned from low-income to high-income economies, with China possibly emerging as the third by 2025.

He attributed the failure to avoid either the middle-income or low income trap, to pursuit of western mainstream economic theories — structuralism, and neoliberalism. He stressed that a right balance between the role of the market and the state was required to achieve breakthroughs, Xinhua reported.

Mr. Lin highlighted that the “secret of China’s success is its use of both ‘invisible hand’ and ‘visible hand,'”. He added that technological innovation and industrial upgrading can proceed smoothly, only when the market and the state played their complementary roles.

Robert Kuhn, a China expert from the United States, focused on the pursuit of “Four Comprehensives” by Chinese leaders as an overarching framework to achieve rapid development goals. The “Four Comprehensives” cover efforts to pursue a moderately prosperous society, reform, rule of law and Party discipline, he observed.

While acknowledging China’s success, most participants also underscored that there is no one-size-fits-all development model that can be fully replicated to achieve growth. Essop Goolam Pahad, the editor of South Africa’s Thinker Magazine, pointed out that a change of mindset was essential as communities and their leader must believe that development is possible, whatever the odds. “The weak hatchling will never take off if it depends on government aid, financial grants, and welfare allowances,” he observed.

The brainstorming in Quanzhou has been preceded by a conference, earlier this month of the BRICS trade minister in Shanghai, which focused on the continued relevance of globalisation. In the wake of protectionist sentiments in the U.S. and Europe, it underscored the need for a united stand of the emerging economies against protectionism, and backing for a multilateral trade system.

In late July, a BRICS security meeting was held in Beijing, with discussions on global governance, anti-terrorism, the internet, energy, national security and development. A month earlier, finance ministers and central bank governors agreed to strengthen cooperation in several fiscal and financial areas, including the BRICS New Development Bank and regulatory collaboration.

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Russia

Russia. Indice dei prezzi al consumo. Luglio +2.4% dal 1° gennaio.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-22.

2017-08-21__Russia_CPI__001

Il quadro socio-economico russo continua a migliorare.

Russia. Q2. Pil +1.8%. +2.5% a/a.

Russia, Cina e Stati Uniti. Venezuela. I venezuelani sono comparse.

Russia. Riserva Valutarie a 420.1 miliardi Usd.

Germania. Potrebbe ratificare l’annessione della Krimea alla Russia.

Germania, Russia e sanzioni. VW amplierà il mega impianto a Mosca.

Germania. L’ex-cancelliere Spd Schröder nel board della russa Rosneft.

*

2017-08-21__Russia_CPI__002

«A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the price level of market basket of consumer goods and services purchased by households.

The CPI is a statistical estimate constructed using the prices of a sample of representative items whose prices are collected periodically. Sub-indices and sub-sub-indices are computed for different categories and sub-categories of goods and services, being combined to produce the overall index with weights reflecting their shares in the total of the consumer expenditures covered by the index. It is one of several price indices calculated by most national statistical agencies. The annual percentage change in a CPI is used as a measure of inflation. A CPI can be used to index (i.e., adjust for the effect of inflation) the real value of wages, salaries, pensions, for regulating prices and for deflating monetary magnitudes to show changes in real values. In most countries, the CPI, along with the population census, is one of the most closely watched national economic statistics.» [Fonte]

*

«Russians CPI goes down to 3.9%

The annual variation rate of the CPI in Russia in July of 2017 was 3.9% , 5 tenths less than the month before. The monthly variation rate of the CPI (Consumer Price Index) has been 0.1%, and thus the accumulated inflation in 2017 is 2.4%

In this page we show you the progression of the CPI in Russia. You can see the inflation in other countries in CPI and see all the information about Russia in Russia’s economy» [Fonte]

* * * * * * *

2017-08-21__Russia_CPI__000

La situazione russa sta lentamente ma fermamente ripigliandosi dalla crisi del 2014.

Si noti come il debito sovrano in rapporto al Pil sia 12.94%.

«Five BRICS countries, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, are assuming a greater role in the world arena with statistics showing that their combined economic output accounts for a quarter of the world’s and their contribution to world economic growth is almost 50 percent»

*

«The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries»

Pubblicato in: Banche Centrali, Cina, Russia, Senza categoria, Unione Europea

EurUsd 1.1821. Effetto Quanzhou.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-21.

2017-08-21__18-48__eurusd

Il problema è semplice.

L’Eurozona non ha la forza finanziaria necessaria e sufficiente per tenere fisso il cambio della propria valuta.

In questo momento alla Banca Centrale Europea converrebbe avere un euro debole, ma il mondo non glielo permette.

Non è solo la forza degli Stati Uniti, anche il resto del mondo riunito a Quanzhou vuole imporre un euro forte.

2017-08-21__18-48__eurusd__002

Nulla vieta di pensare che alla fine anche la coriacea Germania si possa rendere conto di quanto poco conta nel contesto mondiale, ed alla fine si rimetta alle decisioni altrui: in politica tutto è possibile. Ma se Frau Merkel vuole proseguire sulla strada percorsa non si intravede proprio nulla di buono.

Cina. Quanzhou. I Brics decidono cosa farsene dell’Occidente.

Quanto valgono gli Stati Uniti, i G7, l’Eurozona ed i Brics?

Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

Il pil ppa rende bene l’idea, ma non è l’unico modo di conteggiare. Secondo altre metodiche i Brics varrebbero il 25% dell’economia mondiale e renderebbero conto del 50% della crescita dei sistemi economici. Un risultato molto simile.

Pubblicato in: Cina, Russia, Stati Uniti, Unione Europea

Cina. Quanzhou. I Brics decidono cosa farsene dell’Occidente.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2017-08-20.

Accordo 001

Il fatto che l’Occidente ignori questi avvenimenti non significa minimamente che essi non accadano.

Il 3 – 5 settembre si terrà a Xiamen il Summit dei Brics. Ora è in corso un seminario preparatorio: semplicemente i Brics stanno tirando per la loro strada.

Strada che tra lo sconcerto degli Occidentali, non condivide quasi in nulla la Weltanschauung imperante in Occidente, né in campo politico, né in campo economico, né in campo sociale. Non solo: non si cura minimamente di cosa faccia l’Occidente.

Ma se l’Occidente non influenza più la condotta dei Brics, saranno allora essi a condizionare l’Occidente.

* * * * * * *

«Openness, Inclusiveness, Mutual Benefits and Win-Win: Working Together to Build a Community of Shared Future for Mankind»

*

«In a scenario of a successful BRICS, developing countries can identify with the objectives of this seminar of building a shared future for mankind, with transparency, openness and inclusiveness in our cooperation, with mutual benefit and a win-win for all»

*

«A seminar focused on governance, with over 160 people from government agencies, business circle and the academia»

*

«Five BRICS countries, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, are assuming a greater role in the world arena with statistics showing that their combined economic output accounts for a quarter of the world’s and their contribution to world economic growth is almost 50 percent»

*

«The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries»

* * * * * * *

Da un punto di vista meramente economico, se si considera il pil per potere di acquisto, il mondo genera 108,036,500 milioni Usd, la Cina 17,617,300 (16.31%) e gli Stati Uniti 17,418,00 (16.12%). L’Eurozona rende conto di 11,249,482 (10.41%) ed il Gruppo dei G7 di 31.825,293 (29.46%). Però i Brics conteggiano un pil ppa di 32,379,625 Usd, ossia il 29.97% del pil ppa mondiale. I Brics valgono come i paesi del G7.

Di conseguenza, la voce dell’Occidente vale nel mondo al massimo per il 29.46%, ma quella degli Stati Uniti vale solo il 16.12% e quella dell’Eurozona uno scarno 10.41%.

Il pil ppa rende bene l’idea, ma non è l’unico modo di conteggiare. Secondo altre metodiche i Brics varrebbero il 25% dell’economia mondiale e renderebbero conto del 50% della crescita dei sistemi economici. Un risultato molto simile.

*

Segnaliamo come questo evento non sia riportato dai media occidentali, dei quali riportiamo alcuni significativi titoli odierni.

Trump defends ‘beautiful’ Civil War statues.

Germans Not Flush Enough For Luxury Toilets

Who orgasms most and least, and why

Questo ultimo articolo ci ragguaglia su temi cari ai liberal democratici americani:

«But why does this gender gap exist, and what can be done to achieve orgasm equality? After all, about 40% of women experience sexual dysfunction, associated with a chronic difficulty in achieving orgasm

*

Ci si rende perfettamente conto di quanto sia importante l’iconoclastia americana nel voler rinnegare il proprio retaggio storico, esattamente come ci si rende conto di quanto le femmine occidentali siano incapaci di ottenere l’orgasmo, e della importanza assoluta di parificare gli orgasmi tra i gender differenti.

Ma constatiamo anche come questi problemi interessino esclusivamente gli Occidentali, liberal, non il resto del mondo.

Due righe sul Simposio dei Brics a Quanzhou non avrebbero guastato sulla stampa occidentale.

Poi, non ci si lamenti se i Brics crescono a grande velocità mentre l’Occidente tramonta.

* * * * * * *

Adesso, piaccia o meno, sono i Brics a decidere cosa fare dell’Occidente.

«Peking University professor and former World Bank chief economist Justin Lin Yifu pointed out at the seminar that among nearly 200 developing economies since the end of the Second World War, only two have transitioned from low-income to high-income economies, with China possibly emerging as the third by 2025.

He attributed the failure to avoid either the middle-income or low income trap, to pursuit of western mainstream economic theories — structuralism, and neoliberalism. He stressed that a right balance between the role of the market and the state was required to achieve breakthroughs, Xinhua reported.

Mr. Lin highlighted that the “secret of China’s success is its use of both ‘invisible hand’ and ‘visible hand,'”. He added that technological innovation and industrial upgrading can proceed smoothly, only when the market and the state played their complementary roles.» [The Hindu]

I Brics prendono atto del fallimento delle teorie economiche imperanti in Occidente, almeno fino all’arrivo di Mr Trump.

«The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries»


China Org. 2017-08-17. BRICS governance seminar opens in Quanzhou, Fujian

A seminar focused on governance, with over 160 people from government agencies, business circle and the academia attending, opens in Quanzhou, Fujian Province, on Aug. 17 in the run-up to the BRICS summit early next month.

Themed on “Openness, Inclusiveness, Mutual Benefits and Win-Win: Working Together to Build a Community of Shared Future for Mankind,” the two-day event is hosted by the Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee and co-organized by the Chinese Academy of Governance and China International Publishing Group (CIPG).

Speaking during the opening ceremony of the event, Huang Kunming, deputy head of the Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee, pays tribute to the event, an instructive platform for lively discussion and mutual learning.

“It is of great significance for BRICS countries who are undergoing development at a similar stage and facing shared challenges to discuss and learn from each other for a better shared future.”

Five BRICS countries, namely Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, are assuming a greater role in the world arena with statistics showing that their combined economic output accounts for a quarter of the world’s and their contribution to world economic growth is almost 50 percent.

Huang suggests that the seminar should be a long-term program, affording space to bring together think tanks and the media to provide intellectual support for common development while expanding the scale of exchanges and cooperation under an environment of more players joining in.

Mizengo Peter Pinda, former prime minister of Tanzania, viewed the event as a special and unique gathering, commenting: “In a scenario of a successful BRICS, developing countries can identify with the objectives of this seminar of building a shared future for mankind, with transparency, openness and inclusiveness in our cooperation, with mutual benefit and a win-win for all.”

The seminar includes an opening ceremony and three parallel meetings which center respectively on “enhancing reform for common development,” “increasing communication for cultural prosperity,” and “strengthening collaboration for global governance.”


China Org. 2017-08-18. Huang Youyi: BRICS influence beyond five countries

“With improved cooperation, improved economy and shared solutions for fighting world challenges, BRICS will further expand its influence in the next decade,” predicted a Chinese expert on Thursday during a seminar in southeastern China.

Huang Youyi, a member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and executive vice president of the Translators Association of China, foresaw the growing impact of the association of emerging countries on the world stage during an interview with China.org.cn on the sidelines of the BRICS Seminar on Governance that opened Aug. 17 in Quanzhou, Fujian Province.

“The actions of the BRICS members have a global impact rather than just being restricted to the five member countries,” said Huang, pointing out that more countries were showing interest in the mechanism and would like to learn from each country’s successful development models.

As many as 160 people from government agencies, business circle and the academia in the BRICS nations and over 10 countries outside the bloc joined the seminar to discuss good practices of domestic governance as well as new approaches to global governance, leading to openness, inclusiveness, mutual benefits and win-win output.

Earlier this year, Foreign Minister Wang Yi said China would explore the expansion modalities for “BRICS Plus” and build a wider partnership by holding dialogues with other major developing countries and organizations, so as to turn BRICS into the world’s most influential platform for South-South cooperation.

Currently, the BRICS group has five member countries – Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa – and potential new members such as Mexico, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The seminar in Quanzhou, in Huang’s words, “fully reflects the BRICS spirit as well as China’s position of common consultation and win-win resolution”, with people from different parts of the world, including Africa, Asia and Latin America, coming together to exchange ideas and explore various options for governance suited to their own situation.

Explaining China’s approach to domestic governance, Huang said that, after many trials and tribulations and more than 100 years of experience, only in the last decades had the nation managed to find a path suitable to its own conditions, namely, the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, able to carry out reforms and meet various important goals.

This governance approach could provide a reference point for other countries with some adaptations to meet varying national conditions, he added.

Besides the domestic approach, China’s global governance style has met with strong support, with its ideas like building a community of shared future for mankind, inclusive development and common consultation gaining popularity worldwide.

This, Huang argued, was proved by the sheer number of international participants in and outside the BRICS mechanism attending the Quanzhou seminar.

“The idea of ‘BRICS Plus’ does sound attractive,” he added.

Before the organization, as expected, includes more members, he believed there would be all kinds of forums as well as annual meetings held under the BRICS mechanism involving the participation of more people outside of the five countries.

China will host the ninth BRICS annual summit in the southeastern coastal city of Xiamen, Fujian Province, from September 3 to 5, as the country takes the rotating chair of the influential bloc.