Pubblicato in: Brasile

Brasile. Bolsonaro sale molto nei sondaggi. Liberal angustiati e tormentati.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-29.

Bolsonaro 010

«The approval rating of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro’s government has jumped, with the right-wing leader enjoying growing popularity»

«The number of Brazilians that rate his government as great or good has risen to 40% from 29% in December»

«while those that view it as bad or terrible has dropped to 29% from 38% in the previous poll»

«50% of those polled said they approved of his way of governing the country, compared with 41% in December»

«the president’s popularity rising thanks in large part to emergency payments made to low-income and informal sector workers who have lost livelihoods during the pandemic»

«public confidence in Bolsonaro has also risen, with 46% of those polled saying they trust him, compared with 41% in December»

* * * * * * *


Brasile. Bolsonaro licenzia il boss del forum sul ‘clima’.

Questi sondaggi sono fortemente sgraditi ai liberal, che odiano a morte Bolsonaro, ed infatti per poco non lo ammazzavano con un attentato in campagna elettorale. Adesso digrignano i denti.

Il motivo dell’odio è ben sintetizzato dalle stesse parole di Bolsonaro:

«This is the beginning of Brazil’s liberation from socialism, political correctness and a bloated state»

*


Poll shows jump in approval for Brazil’s Bolsonaro amid pandemic.

The approval rating of Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro’s government has jumped, with the right-wing leader enjoying growing popularity even as Brazil suffers the world’s second highest COVID-19 death-toll, a poll showed on Thursday.

The number of Brazilians that rate his government as great or good has risen to 40% from 29% in December, while those that view it as bad or terrible has dropped to 29% from 38% in the previous poll, the survey by CNI/Ibope said.

While Bolsonaro has been criticized by health experts for minimizing the severity of the coronavirus and opposing lockdowns in order to keep the economy going, 50% of those polled said they approved of his way of governing the country, compared with 41% in December.

The Ibope poll, commissioned by industry lobby CNI, is in line with other recent surveys that show the president’s popularity rising thanks in large part to emergency payments made to low-income and informal sector workers who have lost livelihoods during the pandemic.

Those that do not approve of Bolsonaro’s government has dropped to 41% now from 53% in December, the poll said.

The main reason for his improved numbers is the 322 billion reais ($58 billion) in payments his government has made during the pandemic, representing a gain of 13 points above his core ideological support base, said Leonardo Barreto of the Vector Análise political risk consultancy in Brasilia.

“But that popularity can vanish as quickly as it arrived” when the payments end at the end of the year and if Bolsonaro fails to improve economic conditions next year, he said.

Despite Brazil’s slump brought on by the pandemic, public confidence in Bolsonaro has also risen, with 46% of those polled saying they trust him, compared with 41% in December.

Pubblicato in: Brasile

Brasile. Jair Bolsonaro. Datafolha. Popolarità mai così alta al 37%, Consenso 47%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-08-17.

Bolsonaro 010

I consensi verso l’operato del presidente Bolsonaro stanno crescendo in modo significativo.

Nearly half of Brazilians say Bolsonaro not to blame for coronavirus death toll, poll says

«Almost half of Brazilians think President Jair Bolsonaro bears “no responsibility at all” for the country’s more than 100,000 dead from the coronavirus pandemic, the world’s second highest death toll, according to a new Datafolha poll.

The poll was published on Saturday in Brazil’s Folha de Sao Paulo newspaper and says 47% of Brazilians do not assign him any blame for the body count, whereas 11% do.

Still, Bolsonaro is currently enjoying the highest popularity rating of his administration, according to the same Datafolha poll. Thirty-seven percent of Brazilians rated his term as great or good, compared with 32% in June»

* * * * * * *

I media occidentali etichettano il presidente Bolsonaro “di estrema destra” per il semplice motivo che non condivide l’ideologia liberal socialista. Per questo ne dicono ogni sorta di nequizie, quasi non fosse stato eletto ma fosse un usurpatore.

In questo caso, di fronte ad un consenso del 47%, i media ne forniscono una spiegazione molto semplicistica.

«Nonostante la crisi del coronavirus che ha travolto il Brasile la popolarità del presidente di estrema destra Jair Bolsonaro è al 37%, il massimo da quanto è arrivato al potere a gennaio 2019»

«Il tasso di approvazione per Bolsonaro è aumentato di cinque punti percentuali rispetto a un analogo sondaggio di giugno, mentre il tasso di disapprovazione è sceso di dieci punti al 34%.»

«Il balzo del gradimento per Bolsonaro arriva mentre il governo eroga un sussidio di emergenza di 600 reais al mese ai lavoratori peggio pagati e in nero, per una spesa di oltre 250 miliardi di reais, come misura di sostegno contro la pandemia»

* * * * * * *

In ogni caso, i risultati di questi sondaggi restano, e sono il giudizio popolare su di un anno di  presidenza.

*


Veja quem puxa crescimento da aprovação a Bolsonaro, segundo pesquisa Datafolha.

Rejeição de presidente cai dez pontos desde junho; aprovação é a melhor desde o início do mandato, revela novo levantamento.

Para compartilhar esse conteúdo, por favor utilize o link https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/2020/08/veja-quem-puxa-crescimento-da-aprovacao-a-bolsonaro-segundo-pesquisa-datafolha.shtml ou as ferramentas oferecidas na página. Textos, fotos, artes e vídeos da Folha estão protegidos pela legislação brasileira sobre direito autoral. Não reproduza o conteúdo do jornal em qualquer meio de comunicação, eletrônico ou impresso, sem autorização da Folhapress (pesquisa@folhapress.com.br). As regras têm como objetivo proteger o investimento que a Folha faz na qualidade de seu jornalismo. Se precisa copiar trecho de texto da Folha para uso privado, por favor logue-se como assinante ou cadastrado.

Para compartilhar esse conteúdo, por favor utilize o link https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/2020/08/veja-quem-puxa-crescimento-da-aprovacao-a-bolsonaro-segundo-pesquisa-datafolha.shtml ou as ferramentas oferecidas na página. Textos, fotos, artes e vídeos da Folha estão protegidos pela legislação brasileira sobre direito autoral. Não reproduza o conteúdo do jornal em qualquer meio de comunicação, eletrônico ou impresso, sem autorização da Folhapress (pesquisa@folhapress.com.br). As regras têm como objetivo proteger o investimento que a Folha faz na qualidade de seu jornalismo. Se precisa copiar trecho de texto da Folha para uso privado, por favor logue-se como assinante ou cadastrado.

Onde cresceu a aprovação a Jair Bolsonaro

Para compartilhar esse conteúdo, por favor utilize o link https://www1.folha.uol.com.br/poder/2020/08/veja-quem-puxa-crescimento-da-aprovacao-a-bolsonaro-segundo-pesquisa-datafolha.shtml ou as ferramentas oferecidas na página. Textos, fotos, artes e vídeos da Folha estão protegidos pela legislação brasileira sobre direito autoral. Não reproduza o conteúdo do jornal em qualquer meio de comunicação, eletrônico ou impresso, sem autorização da Folhapress (pesquisa@folhapress.com.br). As regras têm como objetivo proteger o investimento que a Folha faz na qualidade de seu jornalismo. Se precisa copiar trecho de texto da Folha para uso privado, por favor logue-se como assinante ou cadastrado.

*


Mai così alta la popolarità del presidente brasiliano Bolsonaro.

Tutto merito di sussidio mensile per coronavirus ai più poveri.

Nonostante la crisi del coronavirus che ha travolto il Brasile la popolarità del presidente di estrema destra Jair Bolsonaro è al 37%, il massimo da quanto è arrivato al potere a gennaio 2019, secondo un sondaggio Datafolha pubblicato oggi. Il tasso di approvazione per Bolsonaro è aumentato di cinque punti percentuali rispetto a un analogo sondaggio di giugno, mentre il tasso di disapprovazione è sceso di dieci punti al 34%.

Il balzo del gradimento per Bolsonaro arriva mentre il governo eroga un sussidio di emergenza di 600 reais al mese ai lavoratori peggio pagati e in nero, per una spesa di oltre 250 miliardi di reais, come misura di sostegno contro la pandemia. L’esecutivo sta pensando di prolungare il sussidio, che scade a settembre. Il Brasile è il secondo Paese più colpito dal coronavirus al mondo dopo gli Usa, con 3,2 milioni di casi e 105.463 morti.

*


Brazil’s Bolsonaro gains more popular approval, says Datafolha poll.

The approval rating of Brazil’s far-right president, Jair Bolsonaro, has risen to 37%, the highest level since he arrived in power in January 2019, a poll by Datafolha showed on Friday.

Datafolha said his approval went up five percentage points from a previous survey in June, while disapproval ratings dropped 10 percentage points, to 34%.

Bolsonaro’s spike in popularity comes as the government has been making emergency 600 reais monthly payments to low-paid and informal workers, totaling more than 250 billion reais ($47 billion). The government is considering extending them for more months, as they expire in September.

Brazil is suffering the world’s worst coronavirus outbreak after the United States, with 3.2 million cases and 105,463 deaths.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Devoluzione socialismo

Brasile. Archiviati decenni di socialismo si avvia alla rinascita economia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-01-24.

Brasile 001

Per cercare di comprendere cosa stia succedendo in Brasile sarebbe necessario richiamare alla mente gli ultimi due decenni, caratterizzati dal governo delle sinistre, terminati con condanne penali e destituzioni.

Mr Bolsonaro ha raccolto una nazione saccheggiata fin nel minimo dettaglio: le sinistre lo hanno depredato di tutto, ivi compresa della dignità umana.

Non solo, Mr Bolsonaro ha pagato in prima persona l’aver contrastato quello che era stato il partito egemone, che fu mandante dell’attentato quasi mortale che dovette subire.

Tutti gli organi statali e parastatali erano stati colonizzati da quella genia, che aveva formato una lobby di estremo quanto brutale potere. E sul piano internazionale, tutti i residui stati liberal gli stanno facendo una guerra sia economica sia di propaganda ingannevole.

Orbene, adesso la situazione apparirebbe in netto miglioramento.

«The Brazilian government’s fiscal outlook for this year and next continues to improve, an Economy Ministry summary of private sector forecasts on Thursday showed, which will give the government more leeway to meet its deficit targets»

«Median forecasts suggest the primary budget deficit this year, before interest rate payments are taken into account, will be 82.3 billion reais ($19.7 billion), down from 84 bln reais predicted previously, according to the Ministry’s latest ‘Prisma’ report»

«That would be significantly below the official target of 124.1 bln reais, but still mark the seventh consecutive annual deficit»

«Economists’ primary deficit forecast for 2021 is 47.2 bln reais, slightly down from 47.6 bln reais in last month’s survey, and again well below the government’s official target of a 68.5 bln reais shortfall»

«Economic activity in Brazil rose in November for the fourth month in a row, a central bank indicator showed on Thursday, pointing to fairly solid economic growth in the fourth quarter»

«The central bank’s IBC-Br economic activity index, a leading indicator of gross domestic product (GDP), rose 0.18% in November from October, more than the 0.10% median estimate in a Reuters poll of economists»

«In first 11 months of last year activity was up 0.95%, and in the year to November it was up 0.9%, the central bank said, largely in line with the growing consensus that the economy’s positive momentum accelerated into the fourth quarter from the third»

«The government this week raised its 2019 GDP growth forecast to 1.1% from 0.9% previously, and its 2020 growth outlook to 2.4% from 2.3%.»

* * * * * * *

La diminuzione del deficit associata ad un incremento del pil proiettato al +2.4% per l’anno in corso sono ottime notizie per il Brasile.

Nel contempo ci ricordano quanto tempo e quanta fatica siano necessarie per rimediare ai guasti fatti dal socialismo.

*


Brazil economic activity rises in November, points to solid fourth quarter GDP

Economic activity in Brazil rose in November for the fourth month in a row, a central bank indicator showed on Thursday, pointing to fairly solid economic growth in the fourth quarter.

The central bank’s IBC-Br economic activity index, a leading indicator of gross domestic product (GDP), rose 0.18% in November from October, more than the 0.10% median estimate in a Reuters poll of economists.

In the three months to November, activity was up 0.75%, the central bank said.

The data tie in with other indicators for November showing solid if unspectacular growth in retail sales and the dominant services sector, and are more upbeat than recent purchasing managers index (PMI) figures.

Compared with the same month a year earlier, activity rose 1.10%, the central bank said, and in the three months to November activity was up 1.71% compared with the same period a year earlier.

In first 11 months of last year activity was up 0.95%, and in the year to November it was up 0.9%, the central bank said, largely in line with the growing consensus that the economy’s positive momentum accelerated into the fourth quarter from the third.

Latin America’s largest economy expanded by 0.6% in the third quarter of last year, more than expected and prompting many economists to revise up their 2019 and 2020 growth forecasts.

The government this week raised its 2019 GDP growth forecast to 1.1% from 0.9% previously, and its 2020 growth outlook to 2.4% from 2.3%.

*


Brazil government debt, deficit projections continue to fall: report

The Brazilian government’s fiscal outlook for this year and next continues to improve, an Economy Ministry summary of private sector forecasts on Thursday showed, which will give the government more leeway to meet its deficit targets.

Median forecasts suggest the primary budget deficit this year, before interest rate payments are taken into account, will be 82.3 billion reais ($19.7 billion), down from 84 bln reais predicted previously, according to the Ministry’s latest ‘Prisma’ report.

That would be significantly below the official target of 124.1 bln reais, but still mark the seventh consecutive annual deficit.

Economists’ primary deficit forecast for 2021 is 47.2 bln reais, slightly down from 47.6 bln reais in last month’s survey, and again well below the government’s official target of a 68.5 bln reais shortfall.

The report also showed that economists have reduced their forecast for Brazil’s gross national debt this year to 78% of gross domestic product from 79%. That is expected to remain steady into 2021.

Earlier this week Waldery Rodrigues, special secretary to the Economy Ministry, said Brazil’s gross debt will no longer exceed 80% of GDP, as record low official interest rates continue to reduce debt servicing costs.

Pubblicato in: Brasile, Cina

Brasile. Accordo Minas Gerais e Chinese miner Honbridge Holdings.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-09-20.

Brasile. Minas Gerais 002

«This is the beginning of Brazil’s liberation from socialism, political correctness and a bloated state»

* * * * * * *

«The Brazilian state of Minas Gerais has signed a protocol of intent with Sul Americana de Metais, a unit of Chinese miner Honbridge Holdings, for the construction of a 9.1 billion reais ($2.2 billion) mining complex»

«The agreement, signed on Thursday, will include the construction of a 845 million square meters (208,804 acres) tailing dam, which will be one of the largest in Brazil»

«That “mega-dam” would be some 70 times bigger than the tailing dam that collapsed at Vale’s site in the Minas Gerais town of Brumadinho in January»

«Tailings are the muddy waste produced in mining for iron ore and other minerals»

* * * * * * *

Il Brasile è davvero molto ricco in giacimenti minerari, al momento ancora poco sfruttati e, spesso, usando tecnologie obsolete.

Al momento però è carente di adeguate risorse finanziarie e tecnologiche, per cui deve mandatoriamente trovarsi partner con i quali collaborare.

Stati ed imprese occidentali darebbero l’occhio sinistro per entrare in questi business, ma i loro governi tenderebbero ad imporre prima la loro visione liberal socialista, che l’attuale presidenza Bolsonaro non condivide. E questo è ampio motivo di scontro.

Brasile. Esce dall’UN Migration Pact e disconosce l’Accordo di Parigi sul ‘clima’.

Amazzonia. Scusa EU per colpire l’import di carne brasiliana.

Trattato EU – Mercosur. Esplode la rabbia del comparto agro alimentare europeo.

Macron. Il bimbo viziato adesso se la prende con il Mercosur.

* * *

In questa contingenza è del tutto sequenziale che il Brasile si rivolga alla finanza ed alla tecnologia cinese.

Questa è una conseguenza che verosimilmente gli occidentali hanno sottovalutato.


Reuters. 2019-09-15. Brazilian state signs $2.2 billion ‘mega-dam’ deal with Chinese miner: report

BRASILIA (Reuters) – The Brazilian state of Minas Gerais has signed a protocol of intent with Sul Americana de Metais, a unit of Chinese miner Honbridge Holdings, for the construction of a 9.1 billion reais ($2.2 billion) mining complex, newspaper O Estado de Sao Paulo reported on Saturday.

The agreement, signed on Thursday, will include the construction of a 845 million square meters (208,804 acres) tailing dam, which will be one of the largest in Brazil, according to the report.

That “mega-dam” would be some 70 times bigger than the tailing dam that collapsed at Vale’s site in the Minas Gerais town of Brumadinho in January, which resulted in the deaths of more than 240 people.

Tailings are the muddy waste produced in mining for iron ore and other minerals. The waste is often contained within a dam built using a variety of methods.

Sul Americana de Metais insists the model is safe, according to the report.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. Bolsonaro licenzia il boss del forum sul ‘clima’.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-05-14.

Bolsonaro 010

Senza appoggio politico e governativo, e quindi senza accesso ai fondi pubblici, il così detto ‘clima’ sarebbe destinato alla estinzione.

Di questi giorni Mr Bolsonaro ha licenziato Mr Alfredo Sirkis, capo del Brazil Forum for Climate Change e noto supporter ambientalista. Dalla sua posizione, Mr Sirkis perseguiva azioni contrastanti la linea governativa.

«Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro fired the head of a government-backed climate forum, after the group organized states to work around the right-wing federal government’s ambiguous positions on climate change»

*

«The Brazil Forum for Climate Change was created by Bolsonaro’s predecessor, Michel Temer, to formulate the country’s plan to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate change»

*

«It is run in partnership with civil society groups.»

*

«Sirkis, who describes himself as a “militant environmentalist,” is a co-founder of the country’s Green Party and a former congressman, as well as a former guerilla fighter who fought against Brazil’s military dictatorship»

*

«the firing was probably related to the forum’s initiative to organize 12 Brazilian states to create a council on climate change that would act independently from the federal government»

*

«his views on climate change were at odds with the new government’s»

*

«Sirkis is among the many activists and former officials who have criticized Bolsonaro»

*

«The new government downgraded the importance of the climate change portfolio»

*

«Bolsonaro and his appointed environment minister, Ricardo Salles, have expressed doubts as to whether climate change is man-made»

* * * * * * * *

Quanto accaduto si presta a molteplici considerazioni.

– L’unica Società Civile degna di quel nome è il Corpo Elettorale che si esprime nelle urne: essa è il Popolo Sovrano.

– Microscopici gruppuscoli non possono fregiarsi del nome di Società Civile, sia per l’esiguità del numero degli adepti, sia perché non passati attraverso il vaglio elettorale. Se volessero parlare, ebbene, si presentino alle elezioni e le vincano: fino a tal momento non sono altro che nulla.

– Il Governo in carica deve essere onorato e rispettato, essendo esso la Istituzione, vidimata dal vaglio elettorale. Le elezioni non sarebbero necessarie se tutti i governi la pensassero allo stesso modo, ma così non è.

– Se ciascuno è libero di dissentire dai programmi e dall’operato di un governo, un pubblico ufficiale non ha la potestà di imbastire azioni che contrastino le direttive ricevute: nel caso, si dimetta.

*

Ambientalisti e supporter del ‘clima’ se ne diano una ragione: le elezioni le ha vinte Mr Bolsonaro, non loro.


Reuters. 2019-05-11. Brazil’s Bolsonaro fires ‘militant’ head of climate change action group

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro fired the head of a government-backed climate forum, after the group organized states to work around the right-wing federal government’s ambiguous positions on climate change.

*

The Brazil Forum for Climate Change was created by Bolsonaro’s predecessor, Michel Temer, to formulate the country’s plan to meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement on climate change. It is run in partnership with civil society groups.

Temer appointed Alfredo Sirkis to lead the forum. Sirkis, who describes himself as a “militant environmentalist,” is a co-founder of the country’s Green Party and a former congressman, as well as a former guerilla fighter who fought against Brazil’s military dictatorship.

Sirkis told Reuters he was fired on Friday. He said the firing was probably related to the forum’s initiative to organize 12 Brazilian states to create a council on climate change that would act independently from the federal government.

But he acknowledged it could be for many reasons, because his views on climate change were at odds with the new government’s.

“For me it was absolutely no surprise,” he said. “Because I’m a militant environmentalist for more than 30 years…I’m too politically involved in the environmental struggle.”

His firing was published in the official government gazette, which named Sao Paulo state environment official Oswaldo dos Santos Lucon to fill the role.

Sirkis is among the many activists and former officials who have criticized Bolsonaro, who assumed office on Jan. 1, for what they see as the right-wing government’s anti-environment stances.

The new government downgraded the importance of the climate change portfolio within the Environment Ministry, with its powers over the country’s water agency and forestry service also being stripped.

Bolsonaro and his appointed environment minister, Ricardo Salles, have expressed doubts as to whether climate change is man-made, although Brazil remains a party to the Paris Agreement.

Sirkis said he was told that he was fired at Salles’ request.

In response, Salles told Reuters that Sirkis was replaced and that it was “nothing personal against him” without elaborating. The president’s office declined to comment.

Salles has previously refuted that the government is weakening environmental protections, saying the ministry’s restructuring is aimed at making regulations more efficient and effective.

Lucon said he will continue to work as an adviser on climate change in Sao Paulo state’s environmental authority while serving as the head of the forum.

“What I can say for now is that I trust in scientific evidence, in institutions and the need for joint efforts to comply with multilateral agreements to which Brazil is party,” Lucon said.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. La difficile lettura della storia. Il 31 marzo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-04-09.

2018-1-23__Bolsonaro__001

Tutti gli umani accadimenti possono essere letti da punti di vista differenti, anche opposti.

Per gli italiani l’irredentista Cesare Battisti era un eroe, per gli austriaci un disertore, e come tale lo fucilarono.

Il generale Michail Nikolaevič Tuchačevskij fu fucilato il 12 giugno 1937 come traditore della patria: ma nel 1957 fu riabilitato da Nikita Khruščёv.

Se questa ambivalenza di giudizio vale per le persone fisiche, a maggior ragione vale per i sommovimenti politici di una nazione.

A suo tempo, tutti i partiti comunisti inneggiavano alla presa di potere a Cuba di Fidel Castro, mentre tutti i paesi occidentali lo definivano come fosse un dittatore.

Anche se possa sembrare cinicamente amaro, si deve ammettere che la storia la scrivono i vincitori, almeno fino a tanto che sono in grado di esercitare il potere.

Per anni Vidkun Quisling fu onorato come provvidenziale capo di governo, ed il 24 ottobre 1945 fu fucilato per alto tradimento.

*

Queste scarne considerazioni, esemplificazioni storiche, rendono ragione del perché gli archivi segreti degli stati si aprano alle ricerche degli storici molto tempo dopo gli avvenimenti ai quali si riferiscono: usualmente un centinaio di anni. La loro apertura comporta immancabilmente una lunga serie di riscontri al limite del credibile, quali per esempio, una lunga serie di tradimenti passati sotto silenzio.

Ma spesso nemmeno questo lasso di tempo è sufficiente per placare l’animosità degli animi. Si pensi come la prima storia abbastanza obiettiva della rivoluzione francese sia stata scritta dal Gaxotte nel 1928 e solo negli ultimi anni il libro sia di facile accesso, boicottato in ogni modo e maniera da talune fazioni tuttora esistenti e potenti.

Così la Rivoluzione di Ottobre è vista da alcuni come una delle peggiori iatture che il mondo abbia dovuto tollerare, mentre altri la riguardano come l’apice della liberazione umana.

*

Il problema consisterebbe nel fatto che si dovrebbero rispettare sia le persone che la vedono in un modo sia quelle che la vedono all’opposto. Fatto salvo il rispetto umano, poi sulle idee sostenute si potrebbe, e si dovrebbe, discutere. Ma spesso la foga induce a scotomizzare anche i fatti accaduti.

Estendendo il ragionamento ai nostri tempi di recente passati, se è vero che molti vedono in Francisco Franco un dittatore, sarebbe altrettanto vero constatare come molti altri lo indichino come colui che ha saputo bloccare l’espansione del comunismo sovietico in Spagna e, quindi, in Europa.

Stesso discorso potrebbe essere fatto per Salazar, ma anche per Maduro: se il comunismo ritornasse in auge ed in potenza, Maduro sarebbe considerato essere un eroe.

*

Questi ragionamenti, se rettamente intesi, ci consentono di valutare al meglio quanto accade ora in Brasile.

«Alle presidenziali del 1961, con una campagna elettorale basata sulla lotta alla corruzione e forte del malcontento della popolazione più debole e povera, venne eletto Jânio Quadros con quasi il 50 per cento dei voti.

La politica di Quadros si rivelò però fallimentare, poco incisiva e populista: rifiutò il blocco di Cuba, decorò il guerrigliero comunista Che Guevara, promise di replicare la riforma agraria cubana anche in Brasile, cercò l’appoggio dei progressisti, ma venne ben presto abbandonato sia dai partiti moderati e conservatori che dall’opinione pubblica. E venne ostacolato anche dal Congresso, che propose di chiudere per governare da solo minacciando di rinunciare al mandato. Poiché nessuno lo sostenne, dopo soli 207 giorni di governo si dimise davvero.

Le dimissioni di Quadros aprirono una profonda crisi politica. Teoricamente sarebbe toccato al vicepresidente Goulart assumere la guida del governo ma al momento dell’abbandono di Quadros, Goulart si trovava in Cina per incontrare Mao Tse Tung. In sua assenza, crebbe l’ostilità delle forze armate brasiliane e di quei partiti politici, appoggiati da banchieri e latifondisti, che vedevano in Goulart una “minaccia comunista” a causa della sua vicinanza a lavoratori e sindacati. Si cercò dunque di impedire il suo insediamento e fu imposto al Congresso di trasformare il sistema politico brasiliano da presidenzialista a parlamentarista, pur di indebolirlo. ….

Il presidente Goulart, tornato ad avere pieni poteri e appoggiato dall’opinione pubblica, avviò la riforma agraria e quella dell’istruzione, difese i diritti sindacali dei lavoratori e in un celebre discorso del 13 marzo 1964, durante una manifestazione di circa 100 mila persone, annunciò la nazionalizzazione delle compagnie petrolifere. ….

Tra il 31 marzo e il primo aprile del 1964 i carroarmati dell’esercito brasiliano ricevettero l’ordine di dirigersi verso Brasilia e Rio de Janeiro. Il presidente decise di non reagire, fu deposto e fuggì in Uruguay. Il 3 aprile del 1964 il presidente del Congresso dichiarò vacante la presidenza. Il 15 aprile il maresciallo Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco divenne presidente del Brasile. ….

Il Partito Comunista del Brasile organizzò una guerriglia sulle rive del fiume Araguaia e diversi movimenti in suo sostegno iniziarono a finanziare la guerriglia con rapine in banca e rapimenti» [Fonte]

*

Anche in questa occasione il mondo si divise.

Per molti la presa di potere dei militari e la lotta alla guerriglia fu una dittatura, per molti altri invece fu la necessaria reazione per bloccare l’ascesa al potere di un regime comunista in Brasile. Era anche l’epoca della guerra fredda.

Il Brasile celebrò la data del 31 marzo fino a quando i socialisti di Lula non arrivarono al potere. Di lì a poco tale festività fu soppressa.

Ma il tempo passa inesorabile. Mr Lula è al momento in carcere e colei che lo sostituì fu destituita dalla carica presidenziale, ora ricoperta da Mr Bolsonaro, che ha ripristinato la commemorazione.

Tutte le componenti liberal socialiste ancora al potere hanno severamente condannato questo fatto, ed affermano che il governo dei militari fu una dittatura.

* * * * * * *

Da veramente da pensare come il plauso politico sia transitorio.

Aggiungiamo una ultima considerazione.

L’atto di Mr Bolsonaro non sarebbe stato possibile se i liberal socialisti fossero ancora al governo degli Stati Uniti, e meno zoppicanti nella Francia e nella Germania. È uno dei tanti segni della loro devoluzione.

*


Brazil rejects U.N. appeal not to revise history by denying 1964 military coup

The government of Brazil’s right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro has rejected an appeal by a United Nations expert not to revise Brazilian history by denying a military coup occurred in 1964.

In a letter to the U.N. human rights commission in Geneva made public on Thursday, the government said it “repudiates the baseless allegations” of the U.N. expert who criticized Bolsonaro’s decision to commemorate the 1964 military uprising as an attempt to condone rights violations.

“President Bolsonaro has reiterated his understanding that the 1964 movement was necessary to stave off the growing threat of a communist takeover of Brazil and to ensure the preservation of national institutions in the context of the Cold War,” the letter said.

According to Bolsonaro, the overthrow of an elected leftist government was not a coup d’etat, but a legitimate movement backed by the country’s Congress and judiciary, as well as the majority of Brazilians, the letter said.

Brazil’s armed forces on Sunday paid tribute to the 1964 coup that lead to a two-decade military dictatorship at the behest of Bolsonaro, who reversed an eight-year-ban on celebrations.

The move stirred debate and underscored Bolsonaro’s support for a military government that executed hundreds, tortured thousands, shuttered Congress and left most Brazilians with dark memories of the period.

Two days earlier in Geneva, Fabian Salvioli, the U.N. expert who wrote the letter and a human rights lawyer and professor, called on the Bolsonaro government to reconsider the commemoration.

“Attempts to revise history and justify or condone gross human rights violations of the past must be clearly rejected by all authorities and society as a whole,” Salvioli said.

Bolsonaro, a former Army captain, has long praised the 1964-85 military government and often said its biggest mistake was not killing enough leftists.

Pushing the U.N. appeal aside, his government is moving ahead with rewriting history.

Education Minister Ricardo Velez said in an interview published on Wednesday that school history books will be edited to give a “broader” view of what happened in 1964.

He told Valor Economico newspaper that there was no coup and the military regime that followed was not a dictatorship.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale, Geopolitica America Latina.

Brasile. GM pianifica un investimento da 2.7 miliardi Usd.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-23.

Brasile 001

«General Motors Co said on Tuesday it would invest $2.7 billion in two Brazilian factories over the next five years, sparing them from a shakeup of the automaker’s operations, a decision hailed by the governor of Brazil’s largest state»

*

«Sao Paolo state Governor Joao Doria told a joint news conference with GM executives that the plants in Sao Caetano do Sul and Sao Jose dos Campos had been slated for closure last December, and said he convinced GM to reverse the decision, saving jobs»

*

«Last November, GM said it would slash thousands of jobs around the world and would close two unspecified plants outside of North America by the end of 2019»

*

«He said he dispatched his future state finance minister to fix the situation and landed a meeting in Miami with GM executives.»

*

«He said 65,000 workers employed directly and indirectly by GM would have lost their jobs without his intervention»

*

«Earlier this month, Doria announced an incentive plan granting automakers a 25 percent reduction in value added taxes if they created at least 400 jobs and invested at least 1 billion reais. At the news conference, GM announced it was creating 400 new jobs.»

*

«As announced, the plan pales in comparison to GM’s most recent investment plan in Brazil in 2014, which totaled $4 billion»

* * * * * * *

Diamo atto al nuovo Brasile di Mr Bolsonaro e di Mr Joao Doria di essere stati così abili da rovesciare una situazione che sarebbe sembrata essere stata persa.

GM avrebbe dovuto chiudere due stabilimenti con la perdita di 65,000 posti di lavoro. Bolsonaro e Doria sono riusciti a convincerli non solo a non chiudere quegli stabilimenti, ma persino a potenziarli investendovi 2.7miliardi di dollari.

Il segreto di un simile ribaltamento è fianco banale.

«a 25 percent reduction in value added taxes»

Gli economisti avranno un gran bel parlare di astrusi termini e paroloni, ma questi due governanti hanno dato al mondo una lezione pratica di cosa dovrebbero fare i governi.


Reuters. 2019-03-20. GM to invest $2.7 billion in Sao Paulo, Brazil factories over five years

General Motors Co said on Tuesday it would invest $2.7 billion in two Brazilian factories over the next five years, sparing them from a shakeup of the automaker’s operations, a decision hailed by the governor of Brazil’s largest state.

Sao Paolo state Governor Joao Doria told a joint news conference with GM executives that the plants in Sao Caetano do Sul and Sao Jose dos Campos had been slated for closure last December, and said he convinced GM to reverse the decision, saving jobs.

Last November, GM said it would slash thousands of jobs around the world and would close two unspecified plants outside of North America by the end of 2019.

The company declined to say whether its restructuring plans had referred to the two Brazilian factories, and declined to comment on whether the two plants had been slated for closure as Doria claimed.

Sitting next to Doria at the news conference, GM’s CEO for South America, Carlos Zarlenga, also did not directly address Doria’s recounting of the negotiations with GM.

Doria, a former businessman and reality TV show host, took office in January and became a vocal advocate for the state’s auto industry. Earlier this year, he said he would find a buyer for a Ford Motor Co plant that is slated to close, after the U.S. automaker said it had tried and failed to find one.

At Tuesday’s news conference, Doria said GM told him in a call days before his inauguration that it planned to close the plants.

“I thought it was going to be good news,” Doria said. “But to my surprise I was told that the next day GM CEO Mary Barra would announce the closing of two factories in Sao Paulo. I fell off my chair.”

He said he dispatched his future state finance minister to fix the situation and landed a meeting in Miami with GM executives. He said 65,000 workers employed directly and indirectly by GM would have lost their jobs without his intervention.

Earlier this month, Doria announced an incentive plan granting automakers a 25 percent reduction in value added taxes if they created at least 400 jobs and invested at least 1 billion reais. At the news conference, GM announced it was creating 400 new jobs.

Zarlenga said the future of its Sao Paulo factories had presented GM “a really serious problem,” but did not confirm that the automaker had considered closing them down.

GM, the sales leader in Brazil, South America’s largest market, had warned local employees it was dealing with heavy losses and “sacrifices” would be necessary.

As announced, the plan pales in comparison to GM’s most recent investment plan in Brazil in 2014, which totaled $4 billion. However, the announcement does not include potential future investments in the automaker’s plants elsewhere in the country.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Economia e Produzione Industriale

Brasile. Bolsonaro. Produzione auto +20.5% anno su anno. Export +61.8%.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-15.

Brasile 001

«Compared with a year ago, auto output rose 20.5 percent and sales grew by 26.6 percent»

*

«Automobile production in Brazil rose 29.9 percent in February from January»

*

«Exports, which have been falling due to the economic crisis in neighboring Argentina, slumped 38.9 percent compared to last year, but rose 61.8 percent compared to January»

*

«Brazil was one of the world’s five biggest auto markets until a recent downturn and remains a major base of operations for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV, Volkswagen AG, General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co.»

*

«Anything that will reduce taxes is positive»

* * * * * * * *

Il sistema economico brasiliano inizia a dare vistosi segni di ripresa.

Il settore automobilistico inoltre è caratterizzato da una elevata richiesta di manodopera specializzata e garantisce inoltre lavoro produttivo ad un largo settore indotto.

Non solo.

Questa ripresa è anche segno di un aumentato potere di acquisto da parte delle famiglie brasiliane, che iniziano a cambiare, ovvero anche ad acquistare, autovetture nuove.

L’attenzione dovrebbe però focalizzarsi su di una frase a nostro sommesso parere gi grande importanza.

«Anything that will reduce taxes is positive»

Se è vero che una riduzione di tasse ed imposte al comparto automobilistico esita in una riduzione delle entrate statali da parte di questo settore specifico, sarebbe altrettanto vero che codesta contrazione sarebbe più che compensata sia dagli aumenti salariali, 26.6% in questo caso, sia da tutti i consumi collegati ad un aumento del parco macchine.

Questa è una lezione di economia che il Brasile sta impartendo al vecchio mondo.


Reuters. 2019-03-12. Brazil auto output jumps nearly 30 percent in February, sales flat

Automobile production in Brazil rose 29.9 percent in February from January, while sales slipped 0.6 percent, the national automakers’ association said on Monday.

Automakers in Brazil produced around 257,200 new cars and trucks last month, while sales totaled about 198,600 vehicles, according to industry group Anfavea.

Compared with a year ago, auto output rose 20.5 percent and sales grew by 26.6 percent.

Production grew even though Ford’s plant in Sao Bernardo do Campo was shut for several days last month due to workers’ protests after the company announced it would exit its truck business in South America and close its plant in the town.

Exports, which have been falling due to the economic crisis in neighboring Argentina, slumped 38.9 percent compared to last year, but rose 61.8 percent compared to January.

Antonio Megale, Anfavea’s president, said that a tax incentive plan announced on Friday by the state of Sao Paulo in response to Ford’s announcement was positive for the industry, although he cautioned that its potentially positive impact would not come in the short term.

“Anything that will reduce taxes is positive,” he told reporters.

Brazil was one of the world’s five biggest auto markets until a recent downturn and remains a major base of operations for Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV, Volkswagen AG, General Motors Co and Ford Motor Co.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Geopolitica America Latina.

Bolsonaro sarà alla White House il 19 marzo.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-03-11.

Con uno sdegnato articolo Reuters annuncia che

Women in Brazil earn 20.5 percent less than men: statistics agency

L’articolista sembrerebbe essersi dimenticato come il Presidente Bolsonaro sia entrato in carica il primo di questo anno, ossia poco più di due mesi fa.

La situazione attuale del Brasile è quella ereditata da anni su anni di dominio socialista, prima di Mr Lula, ora affiliato alle patrie galere, poi di Mrs Rousseff, al momento sotto processo.

Cosa mai pretenderebbero i liberal socialisti da un governante che ha trovato una nazione così sistematicamente saccheggiata? Che avesse la bacchetta magica?

* * *

Non si è ancora rimesso da un delicato intervento chirurgico, a seguito dell’attentato che per poco lo ammazzava, e già il Presidente Trump lo ha invitato alla White House.

«Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will visit the White House on March 19 and is expected to discuss subjects including the situation in Venezuela with U.S. President Donald Trump»

*

«Bolsonaro is a far-right former army captain who openly admires Trump. In a phone call after Bolsonaro’s election victory in October, they spoke of “a strong commitment to work side by side” on issues affecting their countries»

* * *

Questo è un grande successo politico.

«This is the beginning of Brazil’s liberation from socialism,

political correctness and a bloated state»

Speriamo che presto queste parole possano risuonare anche in Europa.

Nota.

Avete notato che il correttore automatico di Word non riconosce più i termini “Lula” e “Rousseff”?


Reuters. 2019-03-09. Brazil’s Bolsonaro will visit on March 19: White House

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will visit the White House on March 19 and is expected to discuss subjects including the situation in Venezuela with U.S. President Donald Trump, the White House said in a statement.

Bolsonaro is a far-right former army captain who openly admires Trump. In a phone call after Bolsonaro’s election victory in October, they spoke of “a strong commitment to work side by side” on issues affecting their countries.

Even before taking office in January, Bolsonaro pledged to oppose the government of Venezuela, where an economic crisis has caused millions of people to flee, many to neighboring Brazil.

Since taking power, Bolsonaro has stepped up criticism of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro’s government and recognized Juan Guaido, the opposition leader and self-declared president, as the leader of the OPEC member nation.

The United States has also recognized Guaido as president and called on others to do the same. Washington has increased sanctions against Venezuela in a bid to oust Maduro.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Ideologia liberal

Bolsonaro. Eliminato dalle scuole l’indottrinamento Lgbt.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2019-02-17.

2018-1-23__Bolsonaro__001

Osservate con cura. Né la vena cefalica, né la basilica, né quella cubitale mediana del braccio destro presentano segni di endovene. Questa ragazza sostiene Mr Bolsonaro: non è drogata.


«President Jair Bolsonaro is taking his anti-leftist ideological war to Brazil’s classrooms and universitie»

*

«Bolsonaro and top officials have announced plans to revise textbooks to excise references to feminism, homosexuality and violence against women»

*

«One of the goals to get Brazil out of the worst positions in international education rankings is to combat the Marxist rubbish that has spread in educational institutions»

*

«Bolsonaro said he wanted to “enter the Education Ministry with a flamethrower to remove Paulo Freire.”»

*

«The government does not have to educate anyone; it is the society that has to educate itself»

*

«After Bolsonaro took office Jan. 1, the Education Ministry dismantled its diversity department and published a new set of guidelines for textbook publishers that eliminated references to topics such as violence against women and sexism»

*

«Education Minister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez vowed in his inaugural speech to end the “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology.”»

*

«Brazil has 13 military-run schools, which are aimed at educating children of soldiers but also accept some students based on merit. The military is the most respected institution in the country and its schools have a better reputation than many public schools»

*

«the new administration’s conservative views played well with evangelicals, a powerful voter base for Bolsonaro during the campaign. Fifty-nine percent of evangelicals said they did not approve of sexual education being discussed at school.»

*

«Bolsonaro and others to decry feminism and LGBTQ+ rights that poses its beneficiaries — queer people, trans people, and women — enemies of the state»

* * * * * * * *

Quando i liberal socialisti erano al potere, hanno imposto l’indottrinamento all’omosessualità nelle scuole, reprimendo con forza ogni possibile reazione contraria. I così detti corsi di educazione sessuale erano programmi di addestramento all’omosessualità, vanta come culmine dello sviluppo umano.

Adesso i partiti che propugnavano tale ideologia hanno perso il consenso degli elettori: è sequenziale che chi sia subentrato smonti tutto ciò che avevano fatto: “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology“.

In ogni caso, questo è solo l’inizio.


AP. 2019-02-14. Brazil education overhaul aims at ousting ‘Marxist ideology’

President Jair Bolsonaro is taking his anti-leftist ideological war to Brazil’s classrooms and universities, causing angst among teachers and education officials who say the government wants to fight an enemy that doesn’t exist.

Bolsonaro and top officials have announced plans to revise textbooks to excise references to feminism, homosexuality and violence against women, say the military will take over some public schools and frequently bash Paulo Freire, one of Brazil’s most famous educators, whose ideas had worldwide influence.

“One of the goals to get Brazil out of the worst positions in international education rankings is to combat the Marxist rubbish that has spread in educational institutions,” Bolsonaro tweeted on the eve of his inauguration.

While students may not yet find many differences as they return to school this month, changes are afoot.

“We are still waiting to see how, in practice, all this is going to turn out,” said Nilton Brandao, president of one of Brazil’s largest teachers’ unions, PROIFES Federacao. “Right now, it does not make any sense.”

For the government, the ideological battle begins with the removal of Freire’s legacy in schools, which Bolsonaro and other conservatives say turns students into “political militants.”

Freire, who died in 1997, was one of the founders of critical pedagogy. Conservatives contend Freire’s method encourages students to challenge traditional values such as family and the church. A socialist, Freire was briefly imprisoned during the 1964-1985 military dictatorship that Bolsonaro has repeatedly praised.

On the campaign trail, Bolsonaro said he wanted to “enter the Education Ministry with a flamethrower to remove Paulo Freire.”

Bolsonaro and his education minster appear to be looking for inspiration in philosophers like Olavo de Carvalho, a Brazilian who lives in the U.S. and is known for his anti-globalism and anti-socialist views.

While Freire believed in the state’s mission to educate the Brazilian people, including poor rural farmers and the illiterate, de Carvalho advocates reducing the state’s role in education, favoring private or religious schools.

“The government does not have to educate anyone; it is the society that has to educate itself,” de Carvalho said last year during a talk about education on his YouTube channel. He added that proposals “based on the idea that the federal government is the great educator I am going to fight to the death.”

After Bolsonaro took office Jan. 1, the Education Ministry dismantled its diversity department and published a new set of guidelines for textbook publishers that eliminated references to topics such as violence against women and sexism.

Receiving an outpouring of criticism, officials backtracked on the revised texts, saying the new guidelines had been written by the previous administration and published by mistake. Even so, Education Minister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez vowed in his inaugural speech to end the “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology.”

Velez instead defended what he called traditional values, such as family, church, school and the nation, which he said were threatened by a “crazy globalist wave.”

“The Brazilian who travels is a cannibal. He steals things from the hotel, steals the life jacket from the plane,” said Velez in an interview with Veja magazine this week. “Our kids and teenagers must receive citizenship education, which teaches how to act according to the law and morality.”

Bolsonaro has said he would review the content of Brazil’s national high school exam to rid it of any questions on gender or LGBT movements. He made the announcement in a YouTube video after seeing a question from last year’s exam on a “secret dialect used by gays and transvestites,” called Pajuba.

The Pajuba dialect mixes Portuguese and West African languages and is mostly used in Afro-Brazilian religions but has also been adopted by the Brazilian LGBT community.

“Don’t worry, there won’t be any more questions like this,” Bolsonaro said.

After his inauguration, Velez told the newspaper Folha de S. Paulo that his office will encourage municipalities interested in letting their schools be run by the military or the police.

Brazil has 13 military-run schools, which are aimed at educating children of soldiers but also accept some students based on merit. The military is the most respected institution in the country and its schools have a better reputation than many public schools.

The military is also sometimes called in to co-run public schools and bring back order.

Last year, 39.5 million students attended a public school, while private institutions, which can cost several thousand dollars a month, served 9 million.

Opponents say the selective admission process of military schools would end up being discriminatory in impoverished areas.

In general, critics say the administration is focused on the wrong things.

Claudia Costin, director of Brazil’s Center for Excellence and Innovation in Education Policies, a think tank based in Rio de Janeiro, said efforts should focus on improving training and salaries for teachers, making the entrance exam for teachers tougher and building a common syllabus for schools across the country.

The government “complains about indoctrination at school,” Costin said. “But it is not with laws that you solve these things.”

Brazil ranked 63rd out of the 72 countries and regions in the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment, conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

According to the group, Brazil has as one of the largest shares of adults without secondary education. Schools are overcrowded, teacher salaries and low and school buildings are often crumbling.

More than 5.800 schools had no water supply in 2017, nearly 5.000 had no electricity and 8.400 had no sewage, according to government figures.

Many Brazilians don’t appear convinced by Bolsonaro’s plans.

In a poll published Jan. 8, 71 percent of those surveyed said politics should be discussed at school and 54 percent thought it was fine to discuss sexual education inside the classroom.

The poll, however, indicated that the new administration’s conservative views played well with evangelicals, a powerful voter base for Bolsonaro during the campaign. Fifty-nine percent of evangelicals said they did not approve of sexual education being discussed at school.

The Datafolha poll was based on 2,077 interviews carried out Dec. 18 and Dec. 19, with a margin of error of two percentage points.

Caua dos Santos Borges, a 15-year-old public school student in Rio de Janeiro, said that in her experience teachers rarely spoke about politics in the classroom and gender had never felt like a core area of the curriculum.

“Once, a student asked the teacher if he supported Bolsonaro, but the teacher didn’t respond and changed the subject,” dos Santos Borges said.


PrayerBox. 2019-02-14. Brasilien eliminiert Gender- und Homo-Ideologie aus den Lehrplänen

Präsident Bolsonaro will das Bildungssystem des Landes reformieren und verbessern. Dazu müsse der ‚marxistische Unsinn’ bekämpft werden, der in den Schulen des Landes verbreitet sei.

Brasilia

Der neue brasilianische Präsident Jair Bolsonaro hat bekannt gegeben, dass seine Regierung plant, Referenzen auf Homosexualität, die „Homo-Ehe“ und Gewalt gegen Frauen aus den Schulbüchern der öffentlichen Schulen zu streichen.

Schon Anfang Januar hat die neue Regierung des südamerikanischen Landes neue Richtlinien für Schulbücher beschlossen, die auf die Gender-Ideologie und Sexismus verzichtet haben. Das Ministerium hat außerdem seine „Diversitätsabteilung“
Am Abend seiner Inauguration am 1. Januar hat Bolsonaro über Twitter seine Absicht bekannt gegeben, Brasilien aus den hinteren Plätzen der Bildungsrangliste zu bringen. Dazu sei es notwendig, den „marxistischen Unsinn“ zu bekämpfen, der in den Bildungseinrichtungen verbreitet sei. Bildungsminister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez hat in seiner Antrittsrede versprochen, die „aggressive Verbreitung der Gender-Ideologie“ in den Schulen zu beenden.

Im „Program for International Student Assessment“, einer Untersuchung der OECD im Jahr 2015, erreichte Brasilien nur den 63. von 72 untersuchten Nationen und Regionen. Brasilien hat einen hohen Bevölkerungsanteil ohne sekundäre Bildung. Die Schulen sind überfüllt und oft in schlechtem Zustand und die Lehrergehälter sind niedrig.


Out. 2019-02-14. Bolsonaro Plans to Remove LGBTQ+ Content From School Curricula

The Brazilian president’s war on what he calls the “gender ideology” rages on.

*

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has promised to remove LGBTQ+ content from the South American country’s high school curriculum as part of a greater purge of what he calls “Marxist rubbish” from schools, the Associated Press reports.

Bolsonaro, whose assault on LGBTQ+ Brazilians and other marginalized groups began the day he took office Jan. 1, said that he plans to remove references to feminism, homosexuality, and violence against women from state textbooks. He also said that he plans to comb through the content of Brazil’s national high school exam after learning that a question about Pajubá, an Afro-Brazilian slang language spoken by many LGBTQ+ Brazilians, was included in last year’s exam. “There won’t be any more questions like this,” he said in a YouTube video.

The president’s education minister, Ricardo Vélez Rodríguez, has also spoken out against what he calls the “aggressive promotion of the gender ideology,” conservative rhetoric used by Bolsonaro and others to decry feminism and LGBTQ+ rights that poses its beneficiaries — queer people, trans people, and women — enemies of the state.

“We are still waiting to see how, in practice, all this is going to turn out,” said teachers’ union president Nilton Brandao. “Right now, it does not make any sense.”

Laws banning the instruction of LGBTQ+ material aren’t a uniquely Brazilian phenomenon. Seven states in the U.S. have what GLSEN calls “No Homo Promo Laws” on the books, which seek to remove any positive mention of queerness from sexual health curricula. South Dakota state lawmakers also recently introduced a bill that would ban instruction on gender dysphoria from grades kindergarten through seventh, effectively banning instruction on trans people. That bill awaits a House vote.


GayCh. 2019-02-14. BRASILIEN: Bolsonaro will LGBTI+ Themen aus Schulen verbannen

Brasiliens homophober Präsident Jair Bolsonaro führt seinen Kreuzzug gegen die LGBTI+ Community weiter fort: Diesmal hat er es auf die Jüngsten abgesehen, er will nämlich sämtliche LGBTI+ Themen aus den Schulen verbannen. Homosexualität, Gewalt gegen Frauen und Feminismus sollen in den Bildungseinrichtungen des Landes nicht mehr angesprochen werden dürfen…

Brasilien hat ohnehin ein massives Gewaltproblen, sei es gegen Frauen, aber insbesondere auch gegen die LGBTI+ Community. Die Situation dürfte sich unter dem neuen Präsidenten Jair Bolsonaro zudem noch weiter verschärfen, da er nicht nur keine Massnahmen dagegen ergreift, sondern im Gegenteil, Vorstösse lanciert um die aktuelle Lage zusätzlich zu verschärfen. Als eine der ersten Amtshandlungen an seinem ersten Tag als Präsident entfernte er kurzerhand die LGBTI+ Anliegen aus dem Ministerium für Menschenrechte, und in einer neuen Ankündigung hat er es nun auf die Jüngsten abgesehen.

Homosexualität, Feminismus und Gewalt gegen Frauen sollen künftig an den Schulen nicht mehr thematisiert werden dürfen. Diese Kapitel sollen aus den Schulbüchern verschwinden, kündigte er an, und des weiteren soll das Militär die Erlaubnis erhalten, Schulen übernehmen zu dürfen. Schon während seinem Wahlkampf hat er keinen Hehl daraus gemacht, wie er die brasilianischen Schulen umkrempeln will. Er werde mit einem Flammenwerfer ins Bildungsministerium gehen und Paulo Freire entfernen. Dieser war ein angesehener, liberaler Pädogoge und Philosoph, dessen Lehren weltweit einen grossen Einfluss auf das Bildungssystem und die Pädagogik hatten.

Der von Bolsonaro eingesetzte Bildungsminister Ricardo Velez Rodriguez machte ebenfalls nie einen Hehl aus seiner homo- und transphoben Haltung. Bereits in seiner Antrittsrede erklärte er, dass er die aggressive Gender-Ideologie abschaffen wolle.