Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia, Geopolitica Europea

Belarus. Dopo Cipro, Austria blocca le sanzioni EU sulle banche.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-06-21.

Belarus Bielorussia 001

L’Unione Europea ha raggiunto alla fine un accordo.

«- Sanctions to hit potash, oil and finance

– Tougher measures follow blacklisting of individuals

 Lukashenko so far impervious to foreign pressure

The European Union is set to ban new loans to Belarus after reaching a deal on Friday for economic sanctions on Minsk as punishment for forcing down a flight to arrest a journalist, the Austrian foreign ministry and three diplomats said.» [Reuters. 2021-06-19]

* * * * * * *


«Austria has been blocking new EU sanctions on loans to Belarusian banks so that Austrian lenders can keep making money with the oppressive regime there»

«Austrian diplomats upheld their objections in the latest round of talks in the EU Council in Brussels on Thursday (17 June)»

«They [the Austrians] want to water down the language to such an extent that the banking sanctions have almost no real impact»

«It’s a clear case of putting financial interests before principles»

«Austria advocates, in this respect, a ban on securities trading and money-market instruments, which would represent a drastic measure»

«It is of high importance for Austria that financial sanctions do not target the population of Belarus»

«It is in our common interest that Belarus is not pushed even further into the sphere of influence of Russia»

«Europe is preparing to blacklist another 78 Belarusian regime cronies and eight regime-linked firms next week»

«Whatever Austrian diplomats say, Austrian banks have, in any case, been keen to profit from Belarus’ misery»

«Austrian banks are now responsible for some 90 percent of interbank loans in Belarus»

«Austria’s Raiffeisen Bank, for instance, even has a Belarusian subsidiary, called Priorbank, which also loans money directly to regime-owned enterprises»

«the head of Belarus’ top oil firm, Belarusneft CEO Alexander Lyakov, sits on Priorbank’s board ….  »

«They [Raiffeisen] are the shit-flushers in the world of banks. They dive in shit for gold»

* * * * * * *

Unione Europea. Cipro blocca le sanzioni europarlamentari alla Bielorussia.

Unione Europea in coma. Cipro blocca nuovamente le sanzioni alla Bielorussia.

Bielorussia. Kolesnikova. Le fake news non arrivano da quel posto.

Belarus. Punto della situazione. I tempi sono mutati. – Cnn.

The brazen arrest of a Belarusian activist has terrified dissidents all over the world

*


Cerchiamo di ragionare, nei limiti del possibile.

«It is of high importance for Austria that financial sanctions do not target the population of Belarus»

È comune sentire che gli austriaci siano dei filantropi disinteressati, i quali hanno a cuore esclusivamente il benessere  del popolo bielorusso.

Esattamente come tutti sanno la loro incondizionata adesione all’Europa, per cui non vogliono spingere il Belarus nelle braccia della Russia.

Ma! C’è sempre un ‘ma’ usato nel più britannico senso.

«Austrian banks are now responsible for some 90 percent of interbank loans in Belarus»

«Austria’s Raiffeisen Bank, for instance, has a Belarusian subsidiary, called Priorbank»

«the head of Belarus’ top oil firm, Belarusneft CEO Alexander Lyakov, sits on Priorbank’s board ….  »

La conclusione sarebbe invero semplice.

«It’s a clear case of putting financial interests before principles»

«They [Raiffeisen] are the shit-flushers in the world of banks. They dive in shit for gold»

*

Le grandi affermazioni filantropiche e l’invocazione degli ‘human right’ mimetizzano solitamente sordidi affari.

*


Austria blocking EU sanctions on Belarus banks

Austria has been blocking new EU sanctions on loans to Belarusian banks so that Austrian lenders can keep making money with the oppressive regime there.

Austrian diplomats upheld their objections in the latest round of talks in the EU Council in Brussels on Thursday (17 June).

“They [the Austrians] want to water down the language to such an extent that the banking sanctions have almost no real impact,” a diplomat from another EU country told EUobserver.

“It’s a clear case of putting financial interests before principles,” a second diplomat added.

“It’s 26 [member states] against one, so I think they’ll have to capitulate in the end,” a third EU source said.

When asked about the case by press in Brussels on Thursday, the Austrian finance minister, Gernot Blümel, claimed to know nothing about it.

But the Austrian foreign ministry did issue a statement to this website.

“Sanctions should also cover the financial sector. Austria advocates, in this respect, a ban on securities trading and money-market instruments, which would represent a drastic measure,” it said.

“It is of high importance for Austria that financial sanctions do not target the population of Belarus,” it added.

“It is in our common interest that Belarus is not pushed even further into the sphere of influence of Russia,” it said.

The new economic sanctions are also going to hit Belarus’ oil, fertiliser, and cigarette industries and are meant to be ready before the EU institutions’ summer recess.

They are likely to be mirrored by Canada, the UK, and the US, which are in close talks with the EU.

And Europe is preparing to blacklist another 78 Belarusian regime cronies and eight regime-linked firms next week.

The moves come after Belarus hijacked a passenger plane flying from Greece to Lithuania to kidnap an opposition activist.

But they are also a reaction to wider brutality, including torture of political prisoners, which Belarus president Aleksander Lukashenko unleashed after rigged elections last August.

Meanwhile, Austria’s line – about the welfare of Belarusian people and pushing Belarus toward Russia – were described as typical canards by one of the EU sources.

“It’s impossible to impose any economic sanctions without causing some job losses and it’s Lukashenko, not the EU, who is moving his country closer to Russia by his actions,” the source said.

Whatever Austrian diplomats say, Austrian banks have, in any case, been keen to profit from Belarus’ misery.

Even as banks from other EU states began to voluntarily pull out of the Belarusian market last year, Austrian ones increased their share, sources said.

Austrian banks are now responsible for some 90 percent of interbank loans in Belarus, two EU sources told this website.

Austria’s Raiffeisen Bank, for instance, even has a Belarusian subsidiary, called Priorbank, which also loans money directly to regime-owned enterprises.

When asked if it was worried about its reputation, a Raiffeisen spokeswoman told EUobserver: “We are very concerned about the developments in the country [Belarus] and hope for a peaceful solution”.

“If the EU takes further measures, we hope that they are targeted and don’t harm private companies and worsen the economic situation of the civilian population,” she added.

When asked if Raiffeisen had been in contact with the Austrian government on Belarus sanctions, she also said: “Like any other international company of our size, we regularly communicate with the government”.

But the bank is, in any case, very friendly with Austria’s ruling ÖVP party, amid an ongoing investigation by Austrian prosecutors into allegations of improper party funding.

And it is equally friendly with Lukashenko, given that the head of Belarus’ top oil firm, Belarusneft CEO Alexander Lyakov, sits on Priorbank’s board, in just one of several personal connections to the regime.

And for all its “concern” for a “peaceful solution” to the Belarus crisis, Raiffeisen is despised by the opposition there.

“They [Raiffeisen] are the shit-flushers in the world of banks. They dive in shit for gold,” one Belarusian opposition leader, who asked not to be named for the sake of his personal safety, told EUobserver.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Diplomazia

Belarus. Punto della situazione. I tempi sono mutati. – Cnn.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-06-02.

Belarus Bielorussia 001

«Despite authorities in the US knowing the kind of misery Al-Ahmed lives with, he says “we have to be realistic.” He says that even countries like the US and UK, which bill themselves as human rights defenders, have to have a “pragmatic” relationship»

Il cuore della frase è qui racchiuso:

«US and UK, which bill themselves as human rights defenders».

Già. I liberal si sono autoniminati “difensori”, caratteristica che nessun altro stato al mondo loro riconosce, anzi, avversa. È una loro credenza, un loro utilitaristico dogma ideologico.

Non solo, per “human rights” essi intendono ciò che la loro visione ideologica considera essere tali, ma che il resto del mondo civile rigetta in toto.

* * * * * * *

La storia ci fornisce molti esempi.

-Il 7 ottobre 1985 scoppiò il caso Sigonella. Terroristi islamici avevano sequestrato a nave da crociera. Gi egiziani convinsero i terroristi a scendere dalla nave, e li mise su di un aereo diretto in Tunisia. Il presidente Ronald Reagan dispose di  intercettare unilateralmente l’aereo: dalla portaerei USS Saratoga decollarono quattro F-14 Tomcat che affiancarono l’aereo poco sopra Malta e lo dirottarono a Sigonella. Immediatamente confluirono sulla pista 30 avieri VAM e 20 Carabinieri, di stanza all’aeroporto di Sigonella, circondando l’aereo, come da ordini ricevuti. Craxi non si mosse dalle sue posizioni: i reati erano stati commessi a bordo di una nave italiana, quindi in territorio italiano, e sarebbe stata l’Italia a decidere se e chi estradare. La crisi diplomatica tra Italia e Stati uniti si risolse poi lentamente.

– Nella notte del 15 aprile 1986 dalla base inglese di Lakenhealth si levarono in cielo 18 bombardieri F-111. Altri aerei decollarono da altre basi. Altri aerei decollarono da altre basi: i bombardieri Usa dovettero passare sopra Gibilterra, allungando di oltre 2.100 chilometri il loro tragitto, e furono così costretti a ricorrere a molti rifornimenti in volo. Furono lanciate oltre 60 tonnellate di bombe con lo scopo di uccidere Geddafi, che sfuggì perché Bettino Craxi lo aveva avvisato dell’imminente raid. Il destino di Craxi era segnato. Fecero fuori anche lui.

– Gli Stati Uniti del presidente George H. W. Bush invasero militarmente Panama nel dicembre 1989. L’allora capo del governo panamense, Manuel Antonio Noriega Moreno, inizialmente supportato dalla CIA dagli anni cinquanta al 1986, fu catturato, portato a forza negli Stati Uniti, processato e condannato a 40 anni di carcere per violazione dei diritti umani.

– Nel 1991 una coalizione occidentale guidata dagli Stati Uniti invase l’Iraq. Il 20 marzo 2003 una seconda coalizione angloamericana, non appoggiata dai loro storici alleati in assenza di un chiaro e formale mandato dell’ONU, invase nuovamente l’Iraq, lo occupò militarmente: l’ex presidente iracheno fu catturato il 13 dicembre 2003 da soldati statunitensi in un villaggio nelle vicinanze di Tikrīt. Saddam Hussein fu quindi processato ed impiccato. «L’esecuzione di Saddam è sembrata come una vendetta»

– Il 2 maggio 2011 un commando americano irruppe ad Abbottabad, città del Pakistan, e per ordine diretto del presidente degli Stati Uniti Barack Obama assassinarono Osāma bin Muhammad bin ʿAwaḍ bin Lāden, noto come Osāma bin Lāden o Bin Lāden.

* * *

– Londra, sparano ad attivista Black Lives Matter, gravissima

«La polizia di Londra esclude “per il momento” che l’incidente nel qual è stata gravemente ferita l’attivista di Black Lives Matter Sasha Johnson si tratti di un “attacco mirato”»

* * * * * * *

Adesso cerchiamo di ragionare.

Nei decenni scorsi gli Stati Uniti non si son fatti scrupolo di usare la loro forza per ammazzare gli avversari politici.

Hanno calpestato chiunque nella difesa dei propri interessi, che lo denominano come difesa dei ‘diritti umani’.

Hanno dirottato aerei, condotto operazioni belliche in terra straniera senza nemmeno avvisarla, fomentato guerre sanguinose pur di assassinare il loro nemico.

Adesso si ergono a santerellini, e condannano il Belarius per aver arrestato sul proprio territorio una persona da loro ritenuta essere un terrorista.

È una stridente ipocrisia, che ne mina alle radici la credibilità, sempre che mai la avessero avuta.

* * *

Ma i tempi sono mutati, e le parti stanno capovolgendosi.

«The arrest of a Belarusian activist has terrified dissidents all over the world»

«The chilling story of a Belarusian dissident being plucked from the sky while traveling on a passenger jet over the country’s airspace sent a message to other opponents of President Alexander Lukashenko: you’re not safe anywhere»

«Roman Protasevich was arrested in Minsk, the Belarusian capital, after Ryanair flight 4978 was diverted to land in the country following a “security alert.”»

«He is charged with “organizing mass riots and group actions that grossly violate public order,” from outside the country, via his Telegram channel»

«Three of the women who stood in opposition to Lukashenko disappeared»

«No one can feel safe in Europe»

È finito il tempo in cui l’occidente liberal faceva e sfaceva a piacer suo.

*


The brazen arrest of a Belarusian activist has terrified dissidents all over the world. – CNN.

The chilling story of a Belarusian dissident being plucked from the sky while traveling on a passenger jet over the country’s airspace sent a message to other opponents of President Alexander Lukashenko: you’re not safe anywhere.

Roman Protasevich was arrested in Minsk, the Belarusian capital, after Ryanair flight 4978 was diverted to land in the country following a “security alert.” He is charged with “organizing mass riots and group actions that grossly violate public order,” from outside the country, via his Telegram channel.

He has confessed to the charges in a video which his supporters believe was made under duress.

Life has been difficult for Belarusian dissidents since last year’s elections, in which Lukashenko, often described as Europe’s last dictator, claimed to have won over 80% of the vote.

n the weeks that followed, mass protests took place across the country with many believing that the poll was rigged. Three of the women who stood in opposition to Lukashenko disappeared from sight or fled the country in fear for their lives after the election.

“No one can feel safe in Europe,” Franak Viacorka, an adviser to Svetlana Tikhanovksya, one of those opposition figures, told CNN earlier this week, speaking about the wider repercussions of Belarus’s forced downing of the Ryanair plane for the entire continent.

Speaking from exile in Lithuania, Viacorka said in a subsequent interview that even in Vilnius, he had received death threats and made to feel unsafe. “There are no limits for this regime. I have a special application which sends a signal to my friends and family if something happens to me.”

While skyjacking is in itself a very unusual act, this kind of transnational repression is increasingly common in a world where authoritarians are less afraid of consequences.

“What’s more common is states using the institutions of other states in order to get to people,” says Nate Schenkkan, co-author of Freedom House’s report, Out of Sight, Not Out of Reach: Understanding Transnational Repression. “Authoritarian states might label someone a terrorist at home then recruit local law officials to have them detained and deported,” he explains.

Schenkkan points to the case of Roohollah Zam, an Iranian activist who was lured from France to Iraq where he was subsequently kidnapped, taken to Iran and executed. “This case is important to note as he was also operating a Telegram channel which allowed him to have an influential voice while overseas. The regime didn’t like that.”

The report also highlights the case of Paul Rusesabagina, a high-profile critic of Rwandan president Paul Kagame. Rusesabagina’s family believes he was kidnapped from Dubai in August 2020.

Schenkkan’s report explains that Rwanda’s government claimed they had “achieved his return through ‘an international arrest warrant,’ only for the authorities in the United Arab Emirates to deny that they had cooperated in the return.” This was claimed, the report says, to add some legitimacy to the abduction.

Freedom House found that transnational repression is becoming a normal phenomenon, noting that many governments were using the same methods to attack their critics abroad. Those methods ranged from outright detention to online intimidation. Alarmingly, it concludes that the “consequences for transnational repression are currently insufficient to deter further abuse.”

These trends of copycat repression and insufficient consequences have not gone unnoticed by dissidents elsewhere. And for many, the case in Belarus has stoked further fears.

“With China and Russia arduously promoting authoritarianism, leaders have more confidence in committing human rights violations,” says Nathan Law, a Hong Kong human rights activist exiled in London. “I may now need to not only avoid going to countries where China has good relationships, but also taking planes flying over their territory,” he said, following the detention of Protasevich in Belarus.

“Freedom for Raman Pratasevich” (Protasevich) is written on a protest wagon in front of the Embassy of Belarus in Berlin, Germany, Monday, May 24, 2021.

Law is one of the six activists in exile that Hong Kong police have issued an arrest warrant for under its controversial national security law, which claims worldwide jurisdiction and allows for extradition to the Chinese mainland.

Why are the consequences so insufficient for egregious offenders? Tatyana Margolin, Eurasia director at Open Society Foundations, thinks it’s a cocktail of a rise in global authoritarianism and a growing indifference to those leaders from citizens of democratic nations.

“We can safely say that the authoritarian tide has moved across the world, including in the US under Trump’s presidency,” Margolin says, pointing to Donald Trump’s perceived love of strongmen in countries like Russia and Saudi Arabia.

“Citizens in the West are less bothered about the plight of migrants now, so are less compelled to have sympathy for people seeking refuge. This has led to immigration policies that make attaining refugee status harder and people easier to target,” she adds.

Trump’s friends in Russia and Saudi Arabia have been guilty of some of the worst examples of transnational repression in recent years.

The brazen behavior of the two Russian operatives believed to be behind the 2018 attempted murder of former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter in the English town of Salisbury is a good indication of how much Moscow cares about the consequences of these actions. The pair gave an almost mocking interview to Russian state TV shortly after being identified as suspects in the nerve agent poisonings, making light-hearted claims about being cathedral enthusiasts who were only in the UK to visit the historic town. The mountain of evidence against them suggests otherwise.

Multiple Western nations, including the US, imposed sanctions on Russian companies and individuals, and expelled Russian diplomats in the wake of the Salisbury attack, though it’s unclear if these actions have cowed Moscow.

“I don’t think the words safety or security apply to anyone who is opposition in Russia,” says Vladimir Kara-Murza, a Russian opposition politician who has been poisoned twice in Moscow in five years, told CNN last year.

Vladimir Ashurkov, another opposition figure, says that the “situation with Roman Protasevich is probably every dissident’s nightmare.” Speaking from London, he adds that he has “no doubt that Russian security services are capable of conducting assassinations,” and expresses concern that Lukashenko “raised it to a new level with the usage of a hoax bomb” — a concern of many who fear that what one authoritarian leader gets away with, others emulate.

The most reported incident in recent years was probably the murder of Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi in Turkey in 2018. Numerous reports have pointed the finger at the inner circle of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, but no real action has been taken against Riyadh’s most powerful man.

Then-president Trump was criticized for ignoring CIA findings that bin Salman personally directed the murder.

Ali Al-Ahmed, a high-profile dissident based in Washington DC, says that he avoids traveling for fear of being “taken or killed.” “It happened to Jamal and it could happen to me,” he says, adding that traveling to other Arab countries is not an option because he fears being “captured and sold” back to the Saudi government.

Al-Ahmed also explains that even with the security that should come with living in the US, he is still subjected to intimidation online. “People accuse me of being a terrorist, presumably to make Americans nervous of me and to build a case for having me arrested and extradited.”

Despite authorities in the US knowing the kind of misery Al-Ahmed lives with, he says “we have to be realistic.” He says that even countries like the US and UK, which bill themselves as human rights defenders, have to have a “pragmatic” relationship with Saudi Arabia.

“If they gain something from placing sanctions on MBS, they will. If they need to maintain a relationship, they will make a load of noise but will put sanctions on lesser figures,” he adds.

What can be done to make Western governments care and act? For now, very little. The trend towards more inward-looking societies has existed for some time — and the coronavirus pandemic has done nothing to help.

“We are moving towards a state-centric world view which has resulted in migration policies that are more interested in national security than refugees,” explains Schenkkan.

This insular, nationalist thinking means it’s harder to make people care about things that happen to other people. Margolin believes that the Belarus arrest will be old news very soon.

“There is outrage across the world, but how long will it last? It will be replaced by another story and things in Belarus will go back to normal. The international community must stand with the people of Belarus and ensure that doesn’t happen,” she says.

The dire situation facing political dissidents living in exile is unlikely to improve soon. Until Western leaders make meaningful stands against countries like China, Saudi Arabia, Russia and many others, the benefits of capturing a political opponent for domestic reasons will outweigh the risk.

And, unfortunately for the people this most affects, that won’t happen while so many of the world’s largest democracies place human rights below economic or strategic interests with some of the most oppressive regimes on earth.

Pubblicato in: Commercio, Devoluzione socialismo

Italia. Gennaio. Commercio estero extra Ue. Export -12.75, Import -18.%, gen21 su gen 20.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2021-03-03.

2021-02-28__ Istat Export Import 001

In sintesi.

– A gennaio 2021, l’export è in deciso calo su base annua (-12,7%)

– L’import segna una flessione tendenziale ancora più marcata (-18,0%)

*

2021-02-28__ Istat Export Import 002

Nota.

Variazione congiunturale: variazione percentuale rispetto al mese o al periodo precedente.

Variazione tendenziale: variazione percentuale rispetto allo stesso mese o periodo dell’anno precedente.

2021-02-28__ Istat Export Import 003

* * * * * * *


Istat. Commercio estero extra Ue.

– A gennaio 2021 si stima, per l’interscambio commerciale con i paesi extra Ue271, un aumento congiunturale per le esportazioni (+0,4%) e un calo per le importazioni (-0,5%).

– Il lieve incremento su base mensile dell’export è dovuto all’aumento delle vendite di energia (+6,7%), di beni di consumo durevoli (+5,9%) e di beni intermedi (+3,0%). Risultano in calo le vendite di beni strumentali (-2,6%). Dal lato dell’import, tranne che per l’energia (+10,5%), si rilevano diminuzioni congiunturali diffuse, le più ampie per beni di consumo durevoli (-6,1%) e non durevoli (-3,9%).

– Nel trimestre novembre 2020-gennaio 2021, rispetto ai tre mesi precedenti, l’export cresce dell’1,8%; l’aumento è particolarmente sostenuto per energia (+27,7%), mentre si registra un lieve calo per i beni strumentali (-0,7%). Nello stesso periodo, anche l’import registra un aumento congiunturale (+2,4%), determinato dalla dinamica di beni di consumo durevoli (+10,6%), beni strumentali (+10,5%) ed energia (+9,9%).

– A gennaio 2021, l’export è in deciso calo su base annua (-12,7%). La flessione è più ampia per energia (-26,2%), beni strumentali (-16,0%) e beni di consumo non durevoli (-14,7%). Solo le vendite di beni di consumo durevoli sono in aumento (+2,3%).

– L’import segna una flessione tendenziale ancora più marcata (-18,0%), con flessioni per tutti i raggruppamenti; le più marcate riguardano energia (-37,2%) e beni di consumo non durevoli (-24,0%).

– La stima del saldo commerciale a gennaio 2021 è pari a +1.707 milioni (+963 a gennaio 2020). Diminuisce l’avanzo nell’interscambio di prodotti non energetici (da +4.585 milioni per gennaio 2020 a +3.911 milioni per gennaio 2021).

– A gennaio 2021 l’export verso Regno Unito (-38,3%), Stati Uniti (-20,6%), paesi OPEC (-17,4%) e Russia (-16,3%) è in forte calo su base annua. Aumentano le vendite verso Cina (+29,3%) e paesi MERCOSUR (+8,2%).

– Gli acquisti da Regno Unito (-70,3%), paesi OPEC (-29,6%) e Stati Uniti (-23,9%) registrano flessioni tendenziali molto più ampie della media delle importazioni dai paesi extra Ue27.

*

                         Il commento.

Dopo la battuta d’arresto di dicembre, a gennaio l’export verso i paesi extra Ue registra un contenuto incremento congiunturale cui contribuiscono principalmente (per 1,2 punti percentuali) le maggiori vendite di beni intermedi e beni di consumo durevoli. Su base annua, l’export torna a registrare un’ampia flessione (-12,7% da +4,1% di dicembre 2020), spiegata per 10 punti percentuali dalla contrazione delle vendite di beni strumentali e beni di consumo non durevoli. La flessione è particolarmente ampia verso Regno Unito e Stati Uniti; all’opposto, l’export verso la Cina è in forte crescita. L’import segna un calo congiunturale modesto, mentre si accentua notevolmente la flessione tendenziale (-18,0% da -3,2% di dicembre dello scorso anno), per effetto soprattutto della contrazione degli acquisti di energia e beni di consumo non durevoli. In drastico calo, rispetto a gennaio dello scorso anno, le importazioni dal Regno Unito, su cui pesano anche gli effetti dell’interruzione della libera circolazione delle merci.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea in coma. Cipro blocca nuovamente le sanzioni alla Bielorussia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-10-03.

Cirpo 001

EU summit agrees on sanctions against Belarus.

The Foreign Ministry also said it compiled a list of people barred from entering Belarus as part of retaliatory sanctions against the European Union.

The ministry said it was introducing “counter sanctions” as a “reciprocal” measure after the EU adopted restrictions Friday against members of Lukashenko’s regime. 

*


Belarus cancels all accreditation for foreign journalists.

Belarus has responded to new EU sanctions by canceling the accreditation of all foreign journalists and drawing up a travel blacklist forbidding entry. DW’s editor in chief called the revocations “absurd.”

Journalists will be allowed to reapply for press accreditation on Monday under a “streamlined” system, according to the ministry statement.

*


L’Unione Europea è riuscita solo ad adottare misure ad personam, non sanzioni alla nazione.

* * * * * * *


Cipro blocca nuovamente le sanzioni alla Bielorussia.

È stata davvero una gran bella pensata quella di imporre le decisioni alla unanimità nell’Unione Europea …. È oramai più di un anno che l’Unione Europea è incapace di prendere una decisione che sia una. Ed il mondo se la ride di gusto.

*

Unione Europea. Cipro blocca le sanzioni europarlamentari alla Bielorussia.

«Cyprus blocking EU sanctions on Belarus»

«Cyprus is holding hostage EU sanctions on Belarus in return for a new Turkey blacklist, EU sources said, as Greek and Turkish ministers traded harsh words in the European Parliament (EP)»

«The Cypriot president, Nicos Anastasiades, agreed, along with the 26 other EU leaders at a summit in August, to impose visa bans and asset freezes on Belarusian officials guilty of violence and election rigging»

«But in recent days, his diplomats in Brussels imposed a so-called “scrutiny reservation” on the move – a temporary veto – on grounds they needed to carry out technical checks before going ahead»

«Most member states have not been told what Anastasiades really wants»

«But some capitals have been given a new set of Turkish names he wants to add to an existing EU blacklist on Ankara over its oil and gas drilling in disputed Cypriot waters.»

*

«Cyprus demands Turkey sanctions at EU summit, stalls on Belarus»

«Cyprus defied pressure to approve European Union sanctions on Belarus at a leaders’ summit on Thursday, urging other members of the bloc to also punish Turkey for its oil and gas drilling in the Mediterranean.»

«While Britain and Canada have imposed sanctions on Minsk to show support for pro-democracy demonstrations there, the impasse in the 27-nation EU, where decisions are taken by unanimity, has cost the bloc credibility»

«A draft of the summit’s final statement said EU leaders condemned unacceptable violence against peaceful protesters in Belarus and did not recognise the election results. It added that “restrictive measures” should be imposed without delay»

«President Alexander Lukashenko has denied his re-election was rigged and called the crisis the result of Western meddling»

«Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades made no comment as he arrived on Thursday for the two-day meeting – but won public support from Austria’s leader, who chided others for not supporting Nicosia»

«Cyprus wants the EU to approve sanctions on Turkish drilling ships»

«Erdogan, meanwhile, sent a letter to all EU leaders except Greece and Cyprus, urging the bloc to treat Ankara fairly and blaming Athens and Nicosia for tensions in contested waters of the Eastern Mediterranean»

«Germany has pushed back against the imposition of EU sanctions on Turkey, fearing it will disrupt efforts to cool tensions with Greece»

«French President Emmanuel Macron said EU solidarity with Cyprus was “non-negotiable”»

«The EU sees itself as a beacon of democracy and human rights, eager to sway international events through “soft power”»

«But its rule of unanimity for foreign policy decisions and its strained relationship with Turkey have raised questions about the bloc’s ability to exert influence»

* * * * * * *


Recovery Fund. Europarlamento e Commissione litigano come lavandaie ai trogoli.

Cerchiamo di tirare le somme.

L’Unione Europea è incapace di raggiungere una comune linea politica nel suo interno.

Ciò comporta uno stallo decisionale che perdura da tempo e mette in chiara luce la sua nullità politica. Inoltre, sia Frau von der Leyen sia Frau Merkel stanno dimostrando una straordinaria incapacità diplomatica.

Non sono nemmeno riuscite a fare approvare i bilanci, il piano economico quinquennale, il Recovery Fund, solo per menzionare le cose più importanti. L’Unione Europea è alla berlina nel mondo. Di gran lunga meglio le repubbliche delle banane. Mr Putin e Mr Xi se la ridacchiano sotto i baffi,

*


Cyprus demands Turkey sanctions at EU summit, stalls on Belarus.

Cyprus defied pressure to approve European Union sanctions on Belarus at a leaders’ summit on Thursday, urging other members of the bloc to also punish Turkey for its oil and gas drilling in the Mediterranean.

Despite friendly elbow bumps as the summit got under way in Brussels, leaders wearing face masks due to the coronavirus pandemic were set to confront Cyprus, one of the EU’s smallest countries, to break the deadlock on Belarus sanctions.

“This is just inappropriate to have a situation without any reaction,” Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda said of the Aug. 9 presidential election in Belarus that the West and the opposition say was rigged.

While Britain and Canada have imposed sanctions on Minsk to show support for pro-democracy demonstrations there, the impasse in the 27-nation EU, where decisions are taken by unanimity, has cost the bloc credibility, diplomats say.

A draft of the summit’s final statement said EU leaders condemned unacceptable violence against peaceful protesters in Belarus and did not recognise the election results. It added that “restrictive measures” should be imposed without delay.

President Alexander Lukashenko has denied his re-election was rigged and called the crisis the result of Western meddling.

Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades made no comment as he arrived on Thursday for the two-day meeting – but won public support from Austria’s leader, who chided others for not supporting Nicosia.

Turkey, both a candidate to join the EU candidate and a member of NATO, has slid towards authoritarianism under President Tayyip Erdogan but remains a strategically-located partner that the EU cannot ignore.

“The European Union finally has to show President Erdogan where our red lines are,” said Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz. “This means the termination of enlargement talks, and sanctions.”

Earlier in a message marking Cyprus’ 60th anniversary of independence from Britain on Thursday, Anastasiades was defiant, accusing Turkey of “gunboat diplomacy” and of violating its maritime shelf in a search for hydrocarbons.

“What I expect from the European Council summit is a more concrete and effective stance, to end this gunboat diplomacy,” he said. Cyprus wants the EU to approve sanctions on Turkish drilling ships.

Erdogan, meanwhile, sent a letter to all EU leaders except Greece and Cyprus, urging the bloc to treat Ankara fairly and blaming Athens and Nicosia for tensions in contested waters of the Eastern Mediterranean.

In a sign that the diplomatic stand-off is easing at least between Athens and Ankara, NATO announced on Thursday that the two alliance members had set up a “military de-confliction mechanism” to avoid accidental clashes at sea.

GUARANTEES TO CYPRUS?

Germany has pushed back against the imposition of EU sanctions on Turkey, fearing it will disrupt efforts to cool tensions with Greece.

Chancellor Angela Merkel stressed she was “committed to finding a peaceful solution”, while French President Emmanuel Macron said EU solidarity with Cyprus was “non-negotiable”. But neither of the EU’s two most powerful leaders suggested a way out of the impasse.

Weakened in foreign policy by Britain’s exit last January from the EU, the bloc is being pulled in different directions by France’s tough stance on Turkey and Germany’s push for dialogue.

The EU sees itself as a beacon of democracy and human rights, eager to sway international events through “soft power”. But its rule of unanimity for foreign policy decisions and its strained relationship with Turkey have raised questions about the bloc’s ability to exert influence.

EU diplomats say a possible solution to the standstill on Belarus could involve guarantees to Cyprus of tough sanctions on Turkey in the future if it continues with drilling activities in waters claimed by Cyprus and Greece.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Putin, Russia

Putin il Grande. Ha isolato la Germania e la Merkel. Magistrale

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-23.

Putin. Kremlino. Statua San Vladimiro. 013

L’occidente odia Mr Putin perché è un russo che fa gli interessi della sua Patria, e li fa anche molto bene.

Non sapendo competere politicamente, lo svillaneggia e lo denigra.

Poi, finisce sempre dentro il sacco.

*


«Germany unable to reach agreement on sanctions against Russia»

«The German government wants to stand up to Moscow following the attempted murder of opposition activist Alexei Navalny. But suspending construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline is a step too far for many»

«It’s not easy to agitate Germany’s usually serene Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, but it happened last Wednesday afternoon.»

«The European Affairs Committee of the Bundestag, Germany’s federal parliament, was meeting to discuss the crisis in Belarus and what Germany’s stance should be toward Russia, given his protection of Belarusian strongman Alexander Lukashenko. Maas was fiercely attacked from several sides.»

«Furious, Maas blasted the Greens for their “smugness.”»

«How does Germany intend to position itself on Belarus and Russia? What might sanctions look like? And what is the future of the German-Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project?»

«The only thing the government seems to agree on is that Germany needs to take a much harder line with Moscow»

«The composition of the poison is the most important indication for the German government that Russian President Vladimir Putin could be involved»

«The pilot’s rapid emergency landing in Omsk along with the antidote administered in the hospital saved his life.»

«In recent days, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has ratcheted up her tone against Moscow»

«Would Berlin have to terminate the billion-euro Nord Stream 2 project shortly before its completion?»

«But they have very little support within their parties for taking such a step»

«Even before the heated debate in the European Affairs Committee, Maas found himself faced with significant pushback for his unwillingness to rule out a suspension of the pipeline. And the criticism came from his own party group in parliament»

«Although he is not opposed to sanctions as such, SPD party co-leader Norbert Walter-Borjans said he, too, is opposed to suspending construction on the pipeline»

«We cannot simply stand by and watch this blatant violation of human rights. We need to show a strong European response»

«It’s like a bridge with only the final stone missing. You don’t leave it in ruins just because you have problems with each other now»

«Germany, he said, obtains its energy almost exclusively from “countries that are not entirely kosher”»

«Within Chancellor Merkel’s center-right Christian Democrats (CDU), foreign policy pointman and candidate for party chair Norbert Röttgen has publicly called for the end of Nord Stream 2 …. no one voiced support for his position»

«Some 94 percent of the approximately 2,460-kilometer (1,529 mile) pipeline has already been completed and permits have been issued by all the countries whose waters it travels through»

«Should construction be stopped, the German government could face potentially expensive lawsuits»

«The demands could go even beyond that, however. Additional pipelines and compressor stations have already been built in Europe in anticipation of the new gas supplies»

«Merkel is pushing for the sanctions to come from the EU level, with the bloc having plenty of experience with the tool»

«EU sanctions programs are currently in place against 30 countries or against individuals from those countries. Between 1980 and 2014, 36 percent of all sanctions worldwide were imposed by the Europeans»

«With the exception of the United States, nobody has used sanctions as frequently as the EU»

«So far, though, there has been no ban on imports of Russian gas or oil. Given that this would increase prices for EU consumers, there would be little support for such measures within the EU. “An import stop for Russian gas would also hit Ukraine financially hard as a transit country,” Germany’s Economics Ministry has warned»

«However, neither officials in Berlin nor in Brussels are in agreement on how effective sanctions can be»

«German Economics Minister Peter Altmaier of the CDU said he knows of no case where sanctions “against states like Russia” have made a difference»

«considers punitive measures against autocracies to be less effective than they can be against democracies. In the worst-case scenario, they can even stabilize the regime. “The sanctions reinforce the national sentiment of the population, and the population shows solidarity with the ruling classes,”»

«The meeting began at 1 p.m., with an evening snack at 9:30 p.m. Diplomatic sources said the Navalny case cannot be allowed to derail the possible ceasefire.»

* * * * * * *


Riassumiamo.

– Essendosi convinta nella sua connaturale umiltà di essere il supremo giudice inappellabile dell’universo, fosse cristiana si sarebbe autoproclamata quarta persona della Santissima Trinità, Frau Merkel vorrebbe imporre alla Russia severissime sanzioni per quanto a suo dire questa nazione sovrana avrebbe perpetrato in patria ed all’estero.

– Tuttavia non la seguono neppure i parlamentari del suo partito, che non trovano nessun ragionevole motivo per passare l’inverno al freddo ed al gelo: non vogliono morire per la Bielorussia né, tanto meno, per Navalny.

– Ma neppure i suoi fidi scudieri dell’Unione Europea intendono seguirla, tranne la componente liberal dell’europarlamento.

– «EU sanctions programs are currently in place against 30 countries or against individuals from those countries. Between 1980 and 2014, 36 percent of all sanctions worldwide were imposed by the Europeans»

– Novelle grida manzoniane, che soddisfano il superego dei liberal senza altro risultato tranne quello di rendersi odiosi.

– Frau Merkel è di nuovo caduta nella trappola di Mr Putin: adesso è isolata.

*


Putin. Mette regolarmente nel sacco Merkel, sodali ed Europa. – Bloomberg.

Putin il Grande. Bloomberg lo incorona Master of the Middle East.

Valdai. Mr Putin delinea la futura politica estera russa.

Russia. Il trionfo della Tradizione. Putin e la religione.

*


Germany Unable to Reach Agreement on Sanctions against Russia.

The German government wants to stand up to Moscow following the attempted murder of opposition activist Alexei Navalny. But suspending construction of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline is a step too far for many. What will Berlin do?

*

It’s not easy to agitate Germany’s usually serene Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, but it happened last Wednesday afternoon. The European Affairs Committee of the Bundestag, Germany’s federal parliament, was meeting to discuss the crisis in Belarus and what Germany’s stance should be toward Russia, given his protection of Belarusian strongman Alexander Lukashenko. Maas was fiercely attacked from several sides.

Maas, a member of the center-left Social Democrats (SPD), the junior coalition partner to Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Christian Democrats (CDU), first had to listen to a speech by far-left Left Party parliamentarian Diether Dehm, who defended Russia across the board. Then, he was attacked by Green Party lawmaker Manuel Sarrazin, for doing too little on the issue of Belarus. He accused Maas of “selling Belarus out” and giving Russia free hand, according to participants.

Furious, Maas blasted the Greens for their “smugness.” But the foreign minister nevertheless seemed uncertain, and crucial questions remain unanswered: How does Germany intend to position itself on Belarus and Russia? What might sanctions look like? And what is the future of the German-Russian Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project?

The only thing the government seems to agree on is that Germany needs to take a much harder line with Moscow. Not just because of Belarus: There is growing evidence that the Kremlin was involved in the poison attack on Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny.

Scientists at the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology of the German Armed Forces have analyzed various samples from Navalny. Using fine diagnostics, they searched his blood and urine for any form of poison. Traces on a bottle that Navalny had with him were also examined intensively.

The institute claims that the substance administered is a further developed version of previously known Novichok compounds. The new poison is even “more severe” than previous forms, Bruno Kahl, the president of Germany’s foreign intelligence service, the BND, said in a confidential meeting.

The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) is also involved in the investigations, and a delegation of the OPCW reportedly visited Charité University Hospital in Berlin, where Navalny is being treated, the weekend before last.

The composition of the poison is the most important indication for the German government that Russian President Vladimir Putin could be involved. The more complex, newer and uncommon the chemical composition of the poison, the more likely it is that it can only be obtained with the help of the Russian state apparatus.

As such, the current assumption in Berlin is that Navalny must have been poisoned by a Russian secret service – either on his way to the airport in Tomsk for his flight to Moscow or once he arrived at the airport. Since it has been proven that the opposition politician was closely monitored by the domestic secret service, the FSB, there doesn’t appear to be any other possibility.

German security authorities suspect that the perpetrators planned for Navalny to die on board the plane. The pilot’s rapid emergency landing in Omsk along with the antidote administered in the hospital saved his life. The Kremlin has vehemently denied multiple times having had anything to do with the attempted murder. Last Wednesday, the German Ambassador to Moscow, Géza Andreas von Geyr, was summoned by the Russian government for a “discussion.”

A New Tone

In recent days, German Chancellor Angela Merkel has ratcheted up her tone against Moscow. “We expect the Russian government to explain what happened in this case,” Merkel said. It was essentially her way of putting the ball back in Moscow’s court and buying time. But what happens if Moscow doesn’t provide a satisfactory explanation? Would Berlin have to terminate the billion-euro Nord Stream 2 project shortly before its completion? In recent days, neither the foreign minister nor the chancellor has been willing to rule out that possibility. But they have very little support within their parties for taking such a step.

Even before the heated debate in the European Affairs Committee, Maas found himself faced with significant pushback for his unwillingness to rule out a suspension of the pipeline. And the criticism came from his own party group in parliament.

Florian Post, an SPD parliamentarian from Munich, spoke out against possible sanctions. He lamented a lack of proof that Russian authorities had ordered the poisoning of Navalny with Putin’s knowledge. “We would be shooting ourselves in the foot,” Post said. “Suspending Nord Stream 2 is not an option.”

Although he is not opposed to sanctions as such, SPD party co-leader Norbert Walter-Borjans said he, too, is opposed to suspending construction on the pipeline. “We cannot simply stand by and watch this blatant violation of human rights. We need to show a strong European response,” the SPD leader told DER SPIEGEL, and sanctions could be part of that response. “But Nord Stream 2 is something else. It’s like a bridge with only the final stone missing. You don’t leave it in ruins just because you have problems with each other now.”

Carsten Schneider, a senior member of the parliamentary group, also called Nord Stream 2 the “wrong item.” Germany, he said, obtains its energy almost exclusively from “countries that are not entirely kosher.”

Within Chancellor Merkel’s center-right Christian Democrats (CDU), foreign policy pointman and candidate for party chair Norbert Röttgen has publicly called for the end of Nord Stream 2. But when the CDU parliamentary group met last week in a meeting also attended by the Christian Social Union (CSU), it’s Bavarian sister party, no one voiced support for his position.

On the contrary: Michael Kretschmer, the CDU governor of Saxony, had previously warned against focusing on the pipeline project, and he was supported by members of the CSU. CDU party leader Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer merely said that the pipeline was “not a project of the heart.”

Either way, it would be difficult to implement a government-ordered halt to the project. Some 94 percent of the approximately 2,460-kilometer (1,529 mile) pipeline has already been completed and permits have been issued by all the countries whose waters it travels through. Experts believe it would be necessary to create a special law banning the completion of construction that would have to be passed by German parliament.

At best, the Federal Network Agency could delay the start of operations. The agency has to grant a permit to the company that is to take over operation of the pipeline in German and European Union territory. The agency could postpone permit issuance, but the authority is formally independent of the government.

Potential Damage Claims

Should construction be stopped, the German government could face potentially expensive lawsuits. So far, the Russians and the Europeans have been sharing the total costs of almost 10 billion euros. Russian gas giant Gazprom is covering one half of the construction costs, while five European companies – Wintershall, Uniper, OMV, Royal Dutch Shell and Engie – are footing the other half of the bill. Sources with links to Nord Stream 2 say that those companies are now looking into the possibility of compensation if the government moves to halt construction.

The demands could go even beyond that, however. Additional pipelines and compressor stations have already been built in Europe in anticipation of the new gas supplies. The gas arriving at the Baltic Sea coast is to be transported to Eastern and Southern Europe through these installations – and their operators could also make claims.

Against that backdrop, other sanctions – against individuals, institutions or certain sectors of the economy – seem more likely. Merkel is pushing for the sanctions to come from the EU level, with the bloc having plenty of experience with the tool.

EU sanctions programs are currently in place against 30 countries or against individuals from those countries. Between 1980 and 2014, 36 percent of all sanctions worldwide were imposed by the Europeans. With the exception of the United States, nobody has used sanctions as frequently as the EU.

After the occupation of Crimea in violation of international law, the EU moved to impose sanctions on Russia, imposing travel bans on 175 people and 44 institutions. The EU also froze assets. Furthermore, trade with Russia was restricted in several sectors of the economy and access to EU capital markets was closed off for certain Russian banks and companies. Brussels imposed bans on arms exports and imports and excluded Russia from sensitive technologies.

So far, though, there has been no ban on imports of Russian gas or oil. Given that this would increase prices for EU consumers, there would be little support for such measures within the EU. “An import stop for Russian gas would also hit Ukraine financially hard as a transit country,” Germany’s Economics Ministry has warned.

Most EU countries have agreed to impose travel bans and account bans soon for around 40 members of the regime in Belarus, including the country’s interior minister. Diplomats in Brussels fear that even more far-reaching measures, such as sanctions against Lukashenko himself, would only ensure that the ranks of those loyal to the dictator would close even tighter.

However, neither officials in Berlin nor in Brussels are in agreement on how effective sanctions can be. Speaking on a popular political talk show, German Economics Minister Peter Altmaier of the CDU said he knows of no case where sanctions “against states like Russia” have made a difference.

Demonstration of Unity

“Sanctions are a necessary part of the international policy toolbox for countries that seriously violate basic rules,” says Johann Wadephul, deputy head of the CDU parliamentary group. He says Germany and the EU use them “as a clear sign of extreme political opposition.”

Officials within Germany’s Foreign Ministry,, though, are skeptical of punitive measures. Sanctions should not become standard nor should their use be increased, says a top German diplomat. The danger, he says, is that countries thus penalized could develop “resistance,” as to an antibiotic. Russia, for example, is trying to divert its trade flows and get high-tech goods from China that it is no longer able to obtain from the U.S. or Europe.

“With joint sanctions against Russia, the EU at least demonstrates unity,” says Sascha Lohmann, a political scientist at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) in Berlin. When governments impose sanctions, they also protect themselves from complicity. “The European Union can’t simply stand by and watch events unfold in Belarus,” Lohmann says.

Julia Grauvogel, of the German Institute for Global and Area Studies, considers punitive measures against autocracies to be less effective than they can be against democracies. In the worst-case scenario, they can even stabilize the regime. “The sanctions reinforce the national sentiment of the population, and the population shows solidarity with the ruling classes,” the researcher says. She also see this danger in introducing further sanctions against Russia.

A 2018 study conducted for the European Parliament’s Subcommittee on Human Rights seems to support such skepticism. It found that individualized sanctions led “only in a few cases” to the desired result – i.e. a change in behavior.

Even as politicians in Brussels and Berlin seek the appropriate response to Russia’s actions, daily business is still continuing at the diplomatic level. On Friday, the Chancellery in Berlin invited representatives of Russia and Ukraine to a meeting of the “Normandy Format,” where the negotiations over the Minsk peace treaty for the Donbass region of Ukraine are ongoing. The meeting began at 1 p.m., with an evening snack at 9:30 p.m. Diplomatic sources said the Navalny case cannot be allowed to derail the possible ceasefire.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo

Bielorussia. Kolesnikova. Le fake news non arrivano da quel posto.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-16.

Kolesnikova Maria 001

Riassumiamo.

Questi i titoli dei media.

«Sono venuti a prenderla proprio come ci aveva detto»

«Con un van pieno di agenti. Incappucciati e senza insegne»

«Da allora non si hanno più tracce di Maria Kolesnikova, l’unica donna del trio che in campagna elettorale aveva guidato l’opposizione al presidente Aleksandr Lukashenko a non avere lasciato la Bielorussia.»

«”Ho visto Maria. Volevo andare da lei per ringraziarla. Poi ho lasciato perdere e sono passata oltre. Ma ho sentito il tonfo di un telefono sull’asfalto, mi sono girata e ho visto persone in abiti civili e incappucciate che la portavano via su un van”, ha raccontato al sito indipendente Tut.by una testimone della scena nei pressi del Museo d’Arte Nazionale.»

«Un sequestro nel pieno centro di Minsk con “tattiche illegali e metodi terroristici”, ha commentato l’opposizione»

Secondo questa versione, apparentemente suffragata da una testimonianza oculare, Maria Kolesnikova sarebbe stata prelevata dalla polizia. Sequestro con “tattiche illegali e metodi terroristici”: ma la polizia non sequestra proprio nessuno, semplicemente ferma oppure arresta.

*

Quindi spunta una nuova versione dei fatti.

«La Guardia di frontiera bielorussa ha confermato l’arresto, al confine con l’Ucraina, dell’oppositrice Maria Kolesnikova»

«Anton Bichkovski, responsabile del corpo, ha affermato che la donna è stata fermata mentre tentava di uscire dal Paese insieme al portavoce del Consiglio di coordinamento dell’opposizione, Anton Rodnenkov, e a Ivan Kravtsov, segretario esecutivo dello stesso organismo»

«I tre hanno cercato di attraversare il confine a bordo di una Bmw intorno alle 5 di questa mattina e sono stati arrestati, dopo aver accelerato alla vista di un militare»

«Secondo Bichkovski, Kolesnikova è stata arrestata, mentre Rodnenkov e Kravtsov hanno passato il confine e sono entrati in Ucraina»

«Secondo un responsabile dell’Agenzia delle frontiere bielorussa, citato dall’agenzia BelTa, i due uomini sono stati fermati in territorio ucraino.»

* * * * * * *

La comparazione di codesti testi suggerirebbe fortemente di non pigliar mai nulla come oro colato.

*



Bielorussia: media, ‘rapita’ oppositrice Kolesnikova.

Testimone, caricata su minibus a Minsk da uomini mascherati.

Maria Kolesnikova, capo della campagna elettorale del candidato (non ammesso) Viktor Babariko nonché alleata di Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, sarebbe stata caricata a bordo di un minibus con la scritta “comunicazione” da persone non identificate mascherate e portata via in una direzione sconosciuta. Lo fa sapere al portale Tut.by una testimone oculare. Il fatto sarebbe avvenuto nei pressi del Museo d’Arte Nazionale. “Il telefono di Kolesnikova è disponibile, ma non risponde al telefono”, scrive Tut.by. “Il portavoce del Consiglio di coordinamento dell’Opposizione, Anton Rodnenkov, ha detto che Maria era sola nel centro della città per affari.

*


“Rapita” a Minsk la leader dell’opposizione, Kolesnikova.

«Uomini col volto coperto l’hanno portata in un luogo sconosciuto. Per la polizia non è un arresto, ma i suoi sostenitori denunciano “metodi del terrore”. 

Uomini col volto coperto hanno fermato a Minsk l’ultima esponente di spicco dell’opposizione bielorussa rimasta in patria, Maria Kolesnikova, costringendola a salire su un minivan che l’ha portata in un luogo sconosciuto. La notizia di quello che è stato subito condannato dalla ex candidata alle presidenziali, Svetlana Tikahnovskaya, come un “rapimento” organizzato dal regime, è stata commentata laconicamente dal ministero dell’Interno, che ha assicurato non trattarsi di un arresto.

Un sequestro alla luce del sole 

Kolesnikova – che secondo il portale Tut.by è stata fermata vicino al Museo di arte nazionale intorno alle 10 di stamattina – ha fatto la campagna elettorale a fianco di Tikhanovskaya, che ha rivendicato la vittoria nelle elezioni del 9 agosto contro il presidente Aleksandr Lukashenko ed è stata poi costretta all’esilio in Lituania. Si sono persi i contatti anche con Anton Rodnenkov e Ivan Kravtsov, altri due membri del Consiglio di coordinamento dell’opposizione, l’organismo istituito al fine di guidare una ‘transizione pacifica’ del potere. La vicenda si colloca sullo sfondo della vasta campagna di repressione messa in atto dalle autorità per sedare il movimento di proteste che da quasi un mese chiede le dimissioni di Lukashenko dopo presidenziali ritenute fraudolente.»

*


Bielorussia, blitz nel centro di Minsk: “sequestrata” la leader dell’opposizione Kolesnikova.

«Sono venuti a prenderla proprio come ci aveva detto. Con un van pieno di agenti. Incappucciati e senza insegne. Da allora non si hanno più tracce di Maria Kolesnikova, l’unica donna del trio che in campagna elettorale aveva guidato l’opposizione al presidente Aleksandr Lukashenko a non avere lasciato la Bielorussia.

“Ho visto Maria. Volevo andare da lei per ringraziarla. Poi ho lasciato perdere e sono passata oltre. Ma ho sentito il tonfo di un telefono sull’asfalto, mi sono girata e ho visto persone in abiti civili e incappucciate che la portavano via su un van”, ha raccontato al sito indipendente Tut.by una testimone della scena nei pressi del Museo d’Arte Nazionale.

Un sequestro nel pieno centro di Minsk con “tattiche illegali e metodi terroristici”, ha commentato l’opposizione, mentre le autorità bielorusse – a partire dalla polizia – negano di averla arrestata.»

*


Bielorussia, leader opposizione arrestata al confine con Ucraina.

Pubblicato il: 08/09/2020 08:35

La Guardia di frontiera bielorussa ha confermato l’arresto, al confine con l’Ucraina, dell’oppositrice Maria Kolesnikova. Anton Bichkovski, responsabile del corpo, ha affermato che la donna è stata fermata mentre tentava di uscire dal Paese insieme al portavoce del Consiglio di coordinamento dell’opposizione, Anton Rodnenkov, e a Ivan Kravtsov, segretario esecutivo dello stesso organismo. I tre hanno cercato di attraversare il confine a bordo di una Bmw intorno alle 5 di questa mattina e sono stati arrestati, dopo aver accelerato alla vista di un militare. Secondo Bichkovski, Kolesnikova è stata arrestata, mentre Rodnenkov e Kravtsov hanno passato il confine e sono entrati in Ucraina. Secondo un responsabile dell’Agenzia delle frontiere bielorussa, citato dall’agenzia BelTa, i due uomini sono stati fermati in territorio ucraino.

L’oppositrice – l’ultima delle tre donne che avevano guidato il fronte contro Aleksander Lukashenko rimasta in Bielorussia – era stata portata via ieri mattina a Minsk da un commando di uomini incappucciati, che l’avevano fatta salire su un minibus. La polizia di Minsk aveva smentito di averla arrestata.

TIKHANOVSKAYA – Intanto, la leader bielorussa dell’opposizione, Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, attualmente in esilio, chiede alla comunità internazionale di esercitare pressioni ed imporre sanzioni contro il presidente Lukashenko e i funzionari coinvolti nella repressione degli oppositori. “Il mio Paese, la mia nazione, il mio popolo hanno bisogno di aiuto – ha detto – servono pressioni internazionali su questo regime, su questo individuo che disperatamente si aggrappa al potere. Servono sanzioni sugli individui che emanano ed eseguono ordini criminali che violano le norme internazionali e i diritti umani”, è l’appello della Tikhanovskaya, che ha chiesto anche l'”immediata liberazione di tutti i detenuti politici”.

Pubblicato in: Devoluzione socialismo, Unione Europea

Unione Europea. Cipro blocca le sanzioni europarlamentari alla Bielorussia.

Giuseppe Sandro Mela.

2020-09-14.

Cirpo 001

«Cyprus blocking EU sanctions on Belarus»

«Cyprus is holding hostage EU sanctions on Belarus in return for a new Turkey blacklist, EU sources said, as Greek and Turkish ministers traded harsh words in the European Parliament (EP)»

«The Cypriot president, Nicos Anastasiades, agreed, along with the 26 other EU leaders at a summit in August, to impose visa bans and asset freezes on Belarusian officials guilty of violence and election rigging»

«But in recent days, his diplomats in Brussels imposed a so-called “scrutiny reservation” on the move – a temporary veto – on grounds they needed to carry out technical checks before going ahead»

«Most member states have not been told what Anastasiades really wants»

«But some capitals have been given a new set of Turkish names he wants to add to an existing EU blacklist on Ankara over its oil and gas drilling in disputed Cypriot waters.»

«They [the Cypriots] said they’re checking details [on Belarus], but they’re not really checking anything …. They just want the others to agree to their new Turkey list first …. They’re trying to link the two issues, to adopt the Belarus and Turkey sanctions as a package»

«But at least one, German Green Reinhard Bütikofer, found Varvitsiotis “exceedingly polemical”»

«”Please, no more flags and maps,” the committee chair, German centre-right MEP David McAllister, said after some EU deputies objected to having Çavuşoğlu’s graphics on the EP video-screen. …. “If you have no patience to see the reality, I don’t have to show it, frankly speaking,” Çavuşoğlu replied.»

«”By defending one side, the EU has become a party to the conflict,” Çavuşoğlu said.»

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Cerchiamo di riassumere, per quanto sia possibile.

Le ultime elezioni presidenziali in Bielorussia sono state definite fraudolente da parte dell’europarlamento della Unione Europea e perfettamente corrette dal resto del mondo, in primis Russia e Cina.

La componente di sinistra dell’europarlamento sostiene che in Bielorussia viga un regime dittatoriale, mentre gli altri affermano il contrario.

I liberal europei sostengono ed aiutano concretamente l’opposizione bielorussa, adesso in gran parte spostatasi all’estero, mentre la Russia ha rimarcato che sarebbe disposta all’intervento militare al fine di evitare rovesciamenti del quadro politico attuale.

Si noti infine come il voto europarlamentare di sanzioni dovrebbe essere riconfermato dalla Commissione Europea e, quindi, dal Consiglio Europeo.

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Con un pil annualizzato del -14.7% e con una produzione industriale del -12.3%, l’europarlamento potrebbe meglio occuparsi della attuale crisi economica, ma grande è la tentazione di ergersi a giudice del proprio prossimo, di cercare visibilità politica, ed infine di trovarsi un qualche nemico esterno.

A questo punto emergono in tutta la loro evidenza le contraddizioni dell’Unione Europea.

Intanto, i liberal socialisti hanno perso la maggioranza che avevano avuto in passato, poi la trafila decisionale dell’Unione è un capolavoro di farraginosità.

Il caso attuale è patognomonico: uno stato microbico come Cipro, 1,141,166 abitanti al 2013, è legalmente in grado di bloccare l’intero iter parlamentare.

In poche parole, l’europarlamento è semplicemente impotente.  Al massimo potrebbe mettere sanzioni, che poi non sarebbe in grado di mantenere, a stati sovrani che le ignorerebbero tranquillamente.

Non comandano in casa propria, figurarsi poi in quelle altrui.

European Court of Justice. Sentenze obliate. Più castrata di un cappone.

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Cyprus blocking EU sanctions on Belarus.

Cyprus is holding hostage EU sanctions on Belarus in return for a new Turkey blacklist, EU sources said, as Greek and Turkish ministers traded harsh words in the European Parliament (EP).

The Cypriot president, Nicos Anastasiades, agreed, along with the 26 other EU leaders at a summit in August, to impose visa bans and asset freezes on Belarusian officials guilty of violence and election rigging.

But in recent days, his diplomats in Brussels imposed a so-called “scrutiny reservation” on the move – a temporary veto – on grounds they needed to carry out technical checks before going ahead.

Most member states have not been told what Anastasiades really wants.

But some capitals have been given a new set of Turkish names he wants to add to an existing EU blacklist on Ankara over its oil and gas drilling in disputed Cypriot waters.

“They [the Cypriots] said they’re checking details [on Belarus], but they’re not really checking anything,” an EU source told EUobserver.

“They just want the others to agree to their new Turkey list first,” the source said.

“They’re trying to link the two issues, to adopt the Belarus and Turkey sanctions as a package”, a second EU source said.

A compromise was expected next week, the source added.

But a third EU source said Anastasiades was “unlikely” to get what he wanted.

One reason was because “at this stage, defusing tensions in the eastern Mediterranean is of greater importance”, the source said.

But a second reason was because some EU capitals felt sympathy for Turkey’s views.

The broader Mediterranean clash was “a very difficult territorial dispute based on competing claims that haven’t been resolved yet,” the EU source told this website.

And Anastasiades’ tactics were making him unpopular, the source indicated.

“It’s weird to agree to something [Belarus sanctions] at the highest political level and then to tie your agreement to a completely different political situation [the Turkey dispute],” the EU diplomat said.

Cypriot denial

The Belarus crisis has seen thousands of pro-democracy activists arrested, beaten, and tortured.

The Mediterranean one has seen Turkey send military convoys into Cypriot-claimed waters and, more recently, to Greece-claimed ones near a Greek island, prompting Greece to scramble its navy.

For its part, Cyprus denied it was trying to link Belarus and Turkey.

“We categorically deny that we have threatened to block the Belarus sanctions unless there is a tough package on Turkey. Cyprus from the very beginning recognised the gravity of the situation on Belarus,” a Cypriot source told this website.

There was EU “political consensus” for “both sanctions procedures, for Belarus and the eastern Mediterranean, to move swiftly ahead, in parallel,” the source added.

“It is standard practice for member states to study proposed listings and it is simply wrong to interpret the fact that we are currently studying the proposals made only a few days ago as an intention to block,” the Cypriot source said.

Meanwhile, the Greek deputy foreign minister, Miltiadis Varvitsiotis, told MEPs in Brussels on Thursday that Athens wanted to resolve the Mediterranean problems via “dialogue”.

But he said Turkey must first withdraw its forces.

Varvitsiotis also called for new EU sanctions “designed to make the people of Turkey put pressure on their government to change course”.

In the meantime, the Greek military would not back down, he added.

“We’re going to defend ourselves alone if we have to,” he said.

There were 700 Greek inhabitants on the island beside the Turkish operation, he noted, and “we’re not going to say to these people: ‘Listen you’re not Greeks anymore. You don’t live in Greece’.”

Varvitsiotis held up a map of Turkish maritime claims which showed they amounted to control of half the Aegean Sea.

And he accused Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of “revisionist” territorial claims.

“He [Erdoğan] is trying to cultivate a populist, nationalist, and Islamic front and we should never forget that,” Varvitsiotis said.

Exceedingly polemical?

Most MEPs voiced solidarity.

But at least one, German Green Reinhard Bütikofer, found Varvitsiotis “exceedingly polemical”.

And the Turkish foreign minister, Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, who spoke to the same EP committee later on Thursday, held up his own map, which showed that Greek island maritime claims would mean Turkey “had no access to international waters” in the eastern Mediterranean.

“Please, no more flags and maps,” the committee chair, German centre-right MEP David McAllister, said after some EU deputies objected to having Çavuşoğlu’s graphics on the EP video-screen.

“If you have no patience to see the reality, I don’t have to show it, frankly speaking,” Çavuşoğlu replied.

“I’m proud of my ancestors’ [Ottoman] empire, but we have no intention to establish a state like this,” he said.

The EU foreign relations chief Josep Borrell and German foreign minister Heiko Maas were “shocked” and “very disappointed” when Greece announced a new maritime deal with Egypt in August, Çavuşoğlu added.

“Our warships have clear orders from the president of Turkey not to fire first”, he noted, but he urged Greece not to “harass” his vessels.

And Turkey’s top diplomat warned the EU against “blind solidarity” with its member states, no matter if they were right or wrong, in signs the dispute was getting worse.

“By defending one side, the EU has become a party to the conflict,” Çavuşoğlu said.